Comment on "Peak Current Year?" by Steve Sailer   
"He is really christian and believes in the equality of man." Send him to the Ethiopian Multicultural Republic of Gwinnett. A few years in paradise and he might re-think that equality of man nonsense.
          Avery Table Tents 5305   
Mohamed Hassan: "the causes of the revolution far beyond Tunisia Ben Ali and his party. "

Tunisians brought down the dictator Ben Ali. Today, they continue to fight against his men to head the transitional government. In this new chapter of our series "Understanding the Muslim world," Mohamed Hassan * ((photo-cons) explains the implications of the revolution of Tunisia and its root causes: how nationalism Liberal advocated by Tunisia under Bourguiba interests Western, plunging people into poverty, how a repressive state has put in place to maintain this system, why dictatorships in the Arab world are caused to fall, and how Islam became the condom imperialism

(Gregory Lalieu Michel Collon)

In December 2010, riots broke out in Tunisia. A month later, President Ben Ali fled the country after twenty-three year reign. What are the causes of this revolution? And why is it popular movement succeeded in bringing down the dictator where other attempts have failed?

For there to be a revolution, it is necessary that people refuse to live as before and that the ruling class is no longer able to govern as before. On December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a young seller of fruits and vegetables, has sacrificed out of desperation after police had confiscated his goods himself, and that local authorities have to stop working. The conditions were ripe for a revolution broke out in Tunisia Bouazizi and suicide was the trigger.

Indeed, the Tunisians did not want to live as before: they were not accepting corruption, police repression, lack of freedom, unemployment, etc.. Moreover, the ruling class could no longer govern as before. Corruption under Ben Ali had taken a phenomenal amount while the majority of the population had to face insecurity. To maintain this status, police repression would be higher but it had reached its limits. The ruling elite was completely disconnected from the people for whom there was no interlocutor. Therefore, when popular revolts broke out, the ruling class had no choice but to quell the violence. But with the determination of the people, the repression reached its limit. This is one of the keys to the success of the popular revolution of Tunisia: it managed to reach all segments of society, including members of the army and police who sympathized with the demonstrators. The repressive apparatus could no longer function as before either. If a revolt occurs but is not able to combine different segments society, it can not lead a revolution.

Even after the departure of Ben Ali, the protests continue. The situation that Tunisians refuse is not the result of one man? For

signs "Ben Ali emerges" signs were followed by "CDR releases. Tunisians are attacking the president's political party because they fear that one of his men to take power. But in reality, the root causes that led to revolt Tunisians far outweigh Ben Ali and the RCD. It is not enough to turn the president for the people earns his freedom and improves living conditions.

corruption, unemployment, social inequality ... What are the effects of imperialist domination of the West over Tunisia. For Tunisia, after independence, became a project of the United States.

What do you mean by imperialism?

Imperialism is the process by which capitalist powers politically and economically dominated by foreign countries. Western multinationals plunder the resources of Africa, Latin America and Asia. They find opportunities for capital they will accumulate and exploit cheap labor market. I say that multinationals are not buying as they plunder the resources at their fair value and the local people not benefiting from these riches. And this looting would not be possible if these countries operated, there were no leaders to defend the interests of multinationals. These leaders are getting richer in the process. They constitute the so-called comprador bourgeoisie. They have no political vision for their own country does not produce wealth and do not develop a real economy. But personally enriched by trading resources their countries with multinationals. Obviously, the people are the biggest victim in all this!

When you're a nationalist anti-imperialist cons, you are looking to develop for yourself. You nationalize key sectors of your economy, rather than leaving the management to foreign companies. This will create a national economy in the country and you allow it to grow on the basis of independence. That's what I call a national democratic revolution: national independent because of the imperialist powers, democratic as against feudalism and the elements reactionaries in the country.

However, Bourguiba, Tunisia's first president, was considered a socialist. And during his reign, the state played a very important role in the economy.

Bourguiba's political party was socialist in name only. If the state played an important role, it was only for the benefit of an elite only. This is called state capitalism. In addition, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated all the progressive elements and anti-imperialist in his party. So that this party became the party of one man, completely subject to U.S. imperialism.

Habib Bourguiba , great actor in the struggle for independence, was president of Tunisia from 1957 to 1987

What Was Tunisia important for the United States?

To understand the importance of that country to the U.S. strategy, we must analyze the political context of the Arab world in years 50 and 60. In 1952, officers overthrew the monarchy of King Farouk of Egypt and proclaim a republic. With Nasser at the helm Egypt becomes the basis of Arab nationalism inspired with revolutionary ideas of socialism. As evidenced by the nationalization of the Suez Canal, Nasser's arrival in power is a blow to the West because the Egyptian president's policy is totally at odds with the hegemonic Western powers in the Near and Middle East. Worse still: the anti-imperialist ideas of Nasser are emulated in the region. In Yemen for example, where in 1962 a revolution divided the country, the South becoming a bastion of Arab revolutionary movement. The same year, the independence of Algeria sends a strong signal to Africa and the Third World, the imperialist powers put on alert. Libya also note the Qaddafi coup in 1969. The colonel took power and nationalized major sectors of the economy, to the chagrin of the West. The same year, the Islamic revolution in Iran toppled the Shah, one of the most important pillars of U.S. strategy in the Middle East.

short, at that time, an anti-imperialist movement defies strong strategic interests of the United States in the Arab world. Fortunately for Washington, all countries in the region do not follow the path of Nasser. It the case of Tunisia. In 1957, a year after the independence of Tunisia, Bourguiba was one of the first Arab leaders to send U.S. in the prestigious journal, Foreign Affairs. The title of the article? Nationalism best antidote to communism. For the United States who want to counter the influence of Nasser is a godsend! Bourguiba wrote in his article: "With the regard, Tunisia has chosen to make unequivocal its way into the free world from the West." We are in the Cold War. The Soviets argued that Nasser's influence grows in the region. And the U.S. needs pro-imperialist agents Bourguiba as not to lose strategic control of the Arab world.

Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956

Can we be both nationalist and pro-imperialist?

Bourguiba was a liberal nationalist with anti-communist ideas which led him to join the imperialist camp in the West. In fact, I feel like George Padmore Bourguiba Arabic. Padmore was a leading Pan-Caribbean origin. In 1956 he wrote a book called Pan-Africanism or Communism: The battle ahead in Africa. Like Bourguiba, he fed anti-communist ideas and even if he declared himself a nationalist, his political vision was largely subservient to the interests of imperialist powers. Nationalism served as a cover, their policy is far from being independent. Padmore had a great influence on the first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, one of the instigators of the African Union. Its pro-imperialist ideas were able to spread across the continent with the result that we see today is celebrated around the golden jubilee of independence in Africa, but many Africans know they have never become independent. President Nkrumah himself later regretted having taken the advice of Padmore.

In Tunisia too, the submission to imperialist interests has quickly been felt and it turned out that nationalism advocated by Bourguiba was a facade. In the 70s, for example, the President has passed a series of measures intended to attract foreign investors: tax exemption on company profits for ten years, exemption from all duties and taxes for twenty years, exemption from Tax Income property values, etc.. Tunisia has become a vast workshop of Western multinationals in recent repatriation of profits.

Tunisia did she not still been some good progress under Bourguiba?

Yes, there have been positive developments: education, status of women, etc.. First, because Tunisia were the progressives in his elite players, but they were quickly dismissed. Then, because Tunisia was to be dressed in his finest dress. Indeed, this country played a major role in the strategy of the United States to counter the influence of communism in the Arab world. But what had you on the other side? Progressive revolutionary movements that had toppled backward and monarchies who enjoyed popular support. You could not counteract this movement by advocating a feudal system. Saudi Arabia has done so because it could use its oil money for that. But Tunisia, unable to rely on such resources, should provide some progressive image. In the fight against communism, it was supposed to represent a successful Third World countries have chosen the path of liberal nationalism.

But behind the scenes was less flattering. As I said, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated the progressive elements that do not follow his steps. The anti-imperialists who wanted an independent Tunisia both economically and politically, those who wanted to assert their own position in the Third World and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, all were opposed. Tunisia has in fact been used as a laboratory of the imperialist powers. And what was supposed to represent the success of liberal nationalism has become a dictatorship.

When Ben Ali Bourguiba succeeded in 1987, he continues on the same track?

Absolutely. One can even say that the submission to Western interests has grown. Ben Ali was a pure agent of U.S. imperialism. In 1980, as ambassador to Poland, he even served as a liaison between the CIA and Lech Walesa, the union leader who fought against the Soviet Union.

In 1987, when Ben Ali assumed the presidency of Tunisia, the country was deeply in debt by the capitalist crisis of 1973. Moreover, at that time, the ideas of Milton Friedman and his Chicago Boys were very popular. These ultra-liberal economists believed that the market is an entity capable of regulating themselves and that the state should certainly not interfere in the economy. The technical elite Tunisian largely from U.S. schools were highly influenced by theories of Friedman. Ben Ali then left the state capitalism in effect at the beginning of the era Bourguiba. Under the supervision of the IMF and World Bank, he began a privatization program much more massive than what his predecessor had already begun in the 70s.

What were the effects of this new economic policy?

First, privatization of the Tunisian economy has allowed Ben Ali and his wife's family, Trabelsi, personal enrichment. Corruption has reached a very high level, Tunisia has become a country totally subservient to imperialism, headed by a comprador bourgeoisie. Obviously, Ben Ali and his clan did not have many raw materials to selling out to Western multinationals. But they took advantage of the education system established under Bourguiba to develop a service economy. Indeed, the Tunisian workforce is highly educated and inexpensive at a time. It therefore attracts foreign investors.

Tourism has also developed strong as to become the mainstay of the Tunisian economy. Here we see the lack of political vision of the elite. Indeed, no country can develop its economy based on tourism if not first developed a national economic base. The tourism industry consumes a lot but reported very little to the Tunisian people. Imagine: while Western tourists consume hectoliters of water to bask in pools, Jacuzzis or golf course, the poor peasants in the south face of the drying soil.

But it's not just the farmers who have suffered from this policy. Overall, the social conditions of the Tunisian people deteriorated while the president's entourage has amassed a huge fortune. Everyone knew the regime was corrupt. So to maintain this system, the system should prevent any disputes. The repression became even more brutal penny Ben Ali simple criticism or even the desire for modernity and openness were not allowed. Such a situation could lead to popular revolt. Moreover, trying to monopolize his clan the wealth of the country, Ben Ali has also drew the ire of some of the traditional bourgeois Tunisia.

You say that political repression was very strong. Is there anyway today, opposition forces can guide the people's revolution now that Ben Ali has fallen?

Genuine opposition parties were banned under Ben Ali. However, some continued to exist underground. For example, the first Tunisian Communist Party could not live openly and organize like any political party in a democracy. But he continued to operate secretly through associations of civil society (teachers, farmers, doctors, prisoners ...). The PGWPP was able to form a social base and fired a solid experience of this period. It is exceptional in the Arab world.

I think two major challenges now await the opposition parties. First, they must come forward and make themselves known to the general public in Tunisia. Then they must organize a united front of resistance to imperialism. In fact, the imperialist powers seek to maintain the system without Ben Ali Ben Ali. We see now with the Union government National rejected the Tunisians, which is very positive. But the imperialist powers will not stop there. They will certainly seek to impose an International Electoral Commission to support candidates who defend to their best interests. It is therefore necessary to resist interference by creating a united front to build a true democracy.

Opposition parties are they able to overcome their differences to create such a front?

I know that some political parties were reluctant to associate Islamo-nationalist movement Ennahda. This movement emerged in the 80s. He advocated an anti-imperialist line and in fact, has suffered political repression. Why not combine Ennahda in front of resistance to the interference of foreign powers? Tunisia is a Muslim country. It is normal that a political force emerges with an Islamo-nationalist trend. You can not prevent that.

But each of these movements must be studied separately, with its own specificities. This was done by the communist PGWPP. They studied scientifically objective conditions that apply Tunisia. Their conclusion is that the Communists and Islamo-nationalists have been victims of political repression and that even though their programs differ, they share common ground: they want an end to dictatorship and the independence of Tunisia. The Communists have proposed an alliance with the Islamo-nationalists long ago. Of course, the PGWPP does not make Tunisia a Islamic state. Its political agenda is different from that of al-Nahda. But it is the Tunisian people who will judge these differences democratically. Elections should be a contest open to everyone. That is true democracy.

Precisely opposition parties gathered in front of 14 January to fight against the interim government of Mohamed Ghannouchi, a henchman of former President Ben Ali. A hopeful sign?

Absolutely, Tunisia is on the right track: all opposition parties banned so far have created a united front to prevent the system is maintained without Ben Ali Ben Ali. Also underline the role played by the base of the union UGTT. The head of the union authorized under Ben Ali was corrupt and working with the state police. But since the basis of the union put pressure on its leaders and members who UGTT were part of the transitional government have resigned. Although much remains to be done, democracy wins Tunisian institutions under pressure from the people.

Western powers opposed to that. They want to impose democracy in Tunisia where only low-intensity "good" candidates would be allowed to stand for election. If you look at the type of democracy that the United States enjoy, you come across Ethiopia. The U.S. government has provided $ 983 million to countries in the Horn of Africa for the year 2010. That same year, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in office since 16 years, was reelected with 99.5 percent of the vote! It's even better than Ben Ali! The reality is this: behind their rhetoric in support of the Tunisian people, the Western powers continue to actively support many other Ben Ali in the world.

The United States could not they support other candidates pro-imperialist, but in the eyes of Tunisians, were not associated with the Ben Ali era?

It would be difficult. There is a part of the comprador bourgeoisie which was lésinée by the corrupt system of Ben Ali. But this elite is not strong enough control the popular movement and not enough grounding in the Establishment to win.

The United States had also thought of another strategy: a few months ago, while Ben Ali was still in power, the U.S. ambassador has visited a Communist leader in prison. Officially, a simple observation visit in the framework of respect for human rights. Unofficially, the U.S. anticipated the departure of Ben Ali and wanted to test the waters. Their goal was to get the Communists against the Islamo-nationalists, divide the resistance to imperialism to weaken more. But the Communists Tunisia does not fall into the trap. They are very familiar with the strategy developed by Henry Kissinger in the 80s in the Middle East. They published a very good study on the subject and know they should not take orders from outside or adhere to ideologies manufactured by foreign powers.

Why the U.S. have they abandoned Ben Ali? Had he gone too far in personal enrichment? According to a cable Wikileaks, the U.S. ambassador was very critical of the system of quasi-mafioso Tunisian president, organized corruption are obstacles to investments by foreign companies.

This is not the problem. The United States does not care about corruption. Instead, it is a key element of the system of domination on the U.S. South. In fact, Washington was aware of the internal situation in Tunisia and knew that Ben Ali would not be able to govern. The West must now ensure that the replacement of Ben Ali will continue to defend their interests. The stakes are high. The capitalist crisis is causing serious problems in the West. Besides this, China is getting stronger and now provides more loans than the World Bank and other imperialist powers combined. She even wants to buy a significant portion of the debt of the euro area partly because it has economic interests with European countries, on the other imperialist powers to divide, the EU is historically associated with states USA.

In such a context, the Tunisian people's movement, under the auspices of a revolutionary leadership, could establish an independent government and take advantage of this situation of a multipolar world. The imperialist powers fear that countries that were traditionally under his rule become economically independent, turning also to China. Tunisia could build relationships with the Asian giant to develop its commercial ports. And it would seriously question the concept of the Mediterranean Dialogue, this expansion of NATO to the countries of the Mediterranean that is not a dialogue but a mere instrument of Western domination.

Another country that seems to fear democracy in Tunisia and in the region, Israel. Deputy Prime Minister Silvan Shalom said shortly after the fall of Ben Ali that the development of democracy in Arab countries threaten Israel's security. This country often called only democracy in the Middle East, would he be afraid of competition?

Under a democratic facade, Israel is a fascist, apartheid state. In the region, it can not ally with repressive dictatorial states, led by comprador bourgeoisie that weaken the body of the Arab nation. Currently, these Arab states are rich countries inhabited by poor people. But if a democratic government in the full sense of the term emerges, it will increase economically the Arab nation as a whole. And this economic development will lead to an alliance of Arab countries against the state racist oppressing the Palestinians. Israel fears this course.

Moreover, there is a very big gap between the official positions of Arab dictatorships and the popular sentiment about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since Egyptian President Sadat visited Israel in 1977, Egypt's position is "we want peace." But it is a position imposed by force to the population. And the current Egyptian government is not content to maintain peaceful relations with Tel Aviv. It participates actively in the strangulation of Gaza, while the majority of Egyptians in solidarity with Palestinians.

It's the same alignment of Arab dictatorships on Washington politics. Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are allies of the United States while the populations of these countries are anti-imperialists. I was in Egypt when Muntadhar al-Zaidi, a journalist in Iraq, threw his shoes on George W. Bush. The Egyptian population was celebrated as a hero. I heard of fathers wanting to marry their daughter with the reporter. Still, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is one of the most faithful allies of Washington.

Do you think the revolution Tunisia a domino effect could cause the downfall of other dictatorships in the Arab world?

70% of the population in Arab countries is less than thirty years and knows that unemployment, police repression and corruption. But all these young people want to live. And to live, they need change. This is the reality of each country. It is therefore not even need a domino effect, the objective conditions are ripe for further revolutions erupt.

People no longer want to live as before. But for their part, the ruling classes are they unable to govern as before?

course. And we see in Egypt today. There are police everywhere in this country. But it is impossible to control everything. A state police has its limitations and the Arab world have reached.

Furthermore, information plays a very important role today. Tunisians, Egyptians and peoples of the Third World are better informed through Al-Jazeera as part of an Internet and social networks on the other. The evolution of information technology has increased the level of education and consciousness of people. The people no longer a mass of illiterate peasants. You have a lot of very smart young people, with a certain practical sense, able to circumvent censorship and of mobilizing the Internet.

there in these countries the opposition forces can guide the popular revolutions?

Why Punishment is so important if these dictators were not in danger? Why the comprador bourgeoisie, so greedy, she would spend so much money in the repressive apparatus if she was not afraid to be reversed? If there was no opposition, all this would not be necessary.

the side of Western observers, many fear that the collapse of these regimes Arab favors the rise of Islamism. As summarized so finely Christophe Barbier, editor of L'Express, "Ben Ali is better than the bearded." These fears proved on of Islamism are they based?

Islamism became the condom of imperialism. Western powers justify their strategy of domination in the Arab-Muslim world under the guise of fighting against Islam. There are Islamists everywhere today. Soon, we shall find even traces of Al-Qaeda on Mars if it is useful to the imperialists!

In reality, the West has always needed to invent an enemy to justify its hegemonic designs and incredible military spending (financed by taxpayers). After the fall of the Soviet Union and the demise of the communist enemy is Islam and Al Qaeda who have played the roles of villains villains.

But the West has no problem with Islamism. It adapts very well to this trend in countries like Saudi Arabia. Moreover, he himself fostered the rise of Islamist movements to counter the Arab nationalism at a time. The real problem for the West is anti-imperialism. That's why he tries to discredit any popular movement in the Arab world who is opposed to its interests by affixing the label "Islamist."

Finally, it should not be very smart to think that the Arab dictatorships are bulwarks against the rise of religious fanaticism. Instead, these repressive regimes have led some of the population to be radicalized. Who could afford to say that such and such people have no right to democracy? In a truly democratic country, different political forces may emerge. But the bourgeoisie comprador ruling in the Arab dictatorships can not convince people. She can not even face to face. To defend the imperialist interests, you must prevent other political forces to emerge because they are likely to convince the people against a corrupt elite. The West has always sought to maintain dictatorships that served its interests by waving the specter of Islamism. But the Arab peoples need democracy. They claim it today and nobody can not go against these claims.

          Public Domain   
Located just a block north of Pioneer Courthouse Square, Public Domain is a great place to soak in the downtown vibe.  Bright, clean space? check.  Downtempo Bonobo drifting gently from the built in ceiling speakers?  Check.  Guy with braided beard and face painted purple chilling at a corner table listening to headphones?  Check.

Maybe surprisingly, Public Domain is owned by Coffee Bean International.  CBI is a long time Portland roaster more known in the wholesale realm than in the kind of bespoke craft coffee market that Public Domain targets.  That said, I've met a roaster or two from CBI over the years, and they are very serious about good coffee.

Public Domain offers the coffee fanatic choices.  If you are ordering an espresso, you get your choice of beans.  I indulged my weakness for yirgacheffe.  Of course, a number of coffee shops offer a bean choice.  What lets you know you are in the company of the truly obsessed is that Public Domain offers a choice of espresso machines from whence the shot will be pulled: either a Slayer or a Synesso.  Both are, well, bad ass.  I asked the barista which he preferred.  He said that the Slayer is fun for experimenting, but the Synesso is better for high volume production.

My shot, pulled on the Synesso, came in the usefully thick brown ceramic demitasse that is nearly ubiquitous at serious coffee shops around town.  Like Public Domain itself, it was bright and clean, with a hint of wildness incongruously lurking in the corner.  Definitely one of the better shots available downtown.
          Vechtpartij met 100-tal migranten in Calais   

In de industriezone van de Noord-Franse stad Calais zijn zaterdag ruim honderd migranten slaags geraakt. Volgens de lokale autoriteiten gaat het om een conflict tussen Eritreeërs en Ethiopiërs. Minstens zestien mensen zijn gewond geraakt.

          Holders Mamelodi Sundowns into CAF Champions League quarterfinals   
Khama Billiat of Mamelodi Sundowns is helped up by teammate Anthony Laffor of Mamelodi Sundowns during the CAF Champions League match between Mamelodi Sundowns and St George on 13 May 2017 at Lucas Moripe Stadium, Pretoria South Africa. A late goal from talisman Anthony Laffor away in Ethiopia on Saturday ensured progress for holders Mamelodi Sundowns through to the CAF Champions League quarterfinals, where they are joined by Tunisian pair of Esperance and Etoile Sahel. Sundowns beat Saint George in Addis Ababa with the Liberia international netting five minutes from time. Combined with Esperance's 2-2 draw against AS Vita Club of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sundowns are now ensured of progress as they moved three points...
          Ethiopian Airlines Boeing Captains B737NG B767 B777 B787   
Ethiopian Airlines Boeing Captains Needed B737NG B767 B777 B787 20 DAYS ON 10 DAYS OFF A world renowned national flag carrier who was just awarded the 2017 African Airline of the year is currently seeking B737NG CAPTAINS and invites YOU to join its Airline! We are flying to 80 destinations worldwide and growing in South America USA E
          Egypt- Shoukry discusses bilateral relations, Renaissance Dam with his Ethiopian counterpart   
Egypt- Shoukry discusses bilateral relations, Renaissance Dam with his Ethiopian counterpart...
          Holders Mamelodi Sundowns into CAF Champions League quarterfinals   
Khama Billiat of Mamelodi Sundowns is helped up by teammate Anthony Laffor of Mamelodi Sundowns during the CAF Champions League match between Mamelodi Sundowns and St George on 13 May 2017 at Lucas Moripe Stadium, Pretoria South Africa. A late goal from talisman Anthony Laffor away in Ethiopia on Saturday ensured progress for holders Mamelodi Sundowns through to the CAF Champions League quarterfinals, where they are joined by Tunisian pair of Esperance and Etoile Sahel. Sundowns beat Saint George in Addis Ababa with the Liberia international netting five minutes from time. Combined with Esperance's 2-2 draw against AS Vita Club of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sundowns are now ensured of progress as they moved three points...
          The Future of English in the World of Communication   
English – History

Britain’s colonial expansion established the pre-conditions for the global use of English, taking the language from its island birthplace to settlements around the world. The English language has grown up in contact with many others, making it a hybrid language which can rapidly evolve to meet new cultural and communicative needs.

English in the 20th century

The story of English has been closely linked to the rise of the US as a superpower that has spread the English language alongside its economic, technological and cultural influence. In the same period, the international importance of other European languages, especially French, has declined.

Who speaks English?

There are three kinds of English speaker:

- Those who speak it as a first language

- Those for whom it is a second or additional language

- Those who learn it as a foreign language.

English is remarkable for its diversity, its propensity to change and be changed. This has resulted in both a variety of forms of English, but also a diversity of cultural contexts within which English is used in daily life.

The main areas of development in the use and form of English will undoubtedly come from non-native speakers.

Major International domains of English

  1. Working language of international organizations and conferences
  2. Scientific publications
  3. International banking, economic affairs and trade
  4. Advertising for global brands
  5. Audio-visual cultural products (e.g. film, TV, popular music)
  6. International tourism
  7. Tertiary education
  8. International safety (e.g. ‘airspeak’, ‘seaspeak’)
  9. International law
  10. As a ‘ready language’ in interpretation and translation
  11. Technology transfer
  12. International communication.

English is the most widespread language on the earth, and it is second only to Mandarin Chinese in the number of people who speak it.

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has five official languages: English, French, Spanish, Russian, and Chinese.

In the era of communication, English is gaining a strong position.

English -The most widespread language on the earth - How?

- When an Indonesian businessman meets a customer from Finland, they converse in English.

- Airline pilots flying international routes communicate with their controllers in English.

- 76% of the content of the Internet is in English. (The runners-up are, in order: Japanese, French, German, and Chinese.)

- Out of 193 countries of the world, 43 are English speaking []

- English is the second most spoken language in the world

- There are 57 million blogs on the Internet. English and Japanese remain the two most popular languages in the blogosphere. []

- Most people use English language to communicate using SMS.


English and computers have seemed, for decades to go together. Computers and the programs which make them useful were largely the invention of English speaking countries. The hardware and software reflect the needs of English language.

English will continue to be spread via software products and digitized intellectual property.


  • English and the International Economy

The shifting patterns of trade and new working practices are affecting the use of English language in complex ways. At present there is a considerable increase in the numbers of people learning and using English.

  • English and global culture

As the number of people using English grows, so second-language speakers are drawn towards the ‘inner circle’ of first-language speakers to the ‘outer circle’ of second-language speakers.

  • English as a leading-edge phenomenon

English is closely associated with the leading edge of global scientific, technological, economic and cultural developments, where it has been unrivalled in its influence in the late 20th century.

In four key sectors, the present dominance of English can be expected to give way to a wider mix of languages:

- The global audio-visual market, especially satellite TV

- The Internet and computer-based communication including language-related and document handling software

- Technology transfer and associated processes in economic globalization

- Foreign-language learning, especially in developing countries where growing regional trade may make other languages of increasing economic importance.

  • A bilingual future

There is a growing belief among language professionals that the further will be a bilingual one, in which an increasing proportion of the world’s population will be fluent speakers of more than one language.

  • Social value shifts

The spread of English has been made more rapid in recent years as a consequence of decisions and actions taken by governments, institutions and individuals.

The economic argument for English also may be challenged as developing countries make more careful evaluations of the costs and benefits of mass educational programmes in the English language.

Language shift

In many parts of the world there are ongoing shifts in the status of English.

In the countries listed below, the use of English for International communication is largely increasing:

- Argentina

- Belgium

- Costa Rica

- Denmark

- Ethiopia

- Honduras

- Lebanon

- Burma

- Nepal

- The Netherlands

- Nicaragua

- Norway

- Panama

- Somalia

- Sudan

- Surinam

- Sweden

- Switzerland

- United Arab Emirates.

DISCLAIMER: I have taken some information and print screens from an eBook at

          Global Spirit Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Spirit Market to 2021” research report to their website

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for spirits. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:

Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for spirits?
What is the spirit market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for spirits as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
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          Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021” research report to their website

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for sanitary and household paper. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yemen

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for sanitary and household paper?
What is the sanitary and household paper market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for sanitary and household paper as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Tampons, diapers and other sanitary paper
Paper tissues and handkerchiefs
Paper tablecloths and serviettes
Toilet paper
Other sanitary and household paper

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global sanitary and household paper market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

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Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

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          Comment on Policy brief on sustainable use of plant genetic resources by Nibbles: Vegetables, UK funding, Oz funding, Oz genebank, Jefferson, Hawaiian food, Markets, Tree seeds, NUS journal, Geographic targeting, ITPGRFA, Arabica and climate, Protected areas, European farmland biodiversity, Sustainable use, Ethiopian seed vide   
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          Fastest Growing African Shoe-Brand 'SoleRebels' Launches Flagship Store In Silicon Valley   
Named one of the20 Youngest Power Women in Africa in 2011 by FORBES, celebrated Ethiopian entrepreneur,Bethlehem Tilahun Alemu launched her first US offering at the beginning of this month; a flagship store of her eco-friendlyshoe brand, SoleRebels, in Silicon Valley, California. TheEthiopian shoe brand’s first international retail space islocated at [...]
          Response to a Jewish Nazi – Only a Zionist would be interested in proving that Jackie Walker is not Jewish   
When you live in or support a state, in this case the State of Israel which is based on racial supremacy, it is important to know who is and who is not a member of the master race.  Religion is there to define who is a member of the herrenvolk or the untermenschen, that is all.  
Jackie Walker
It is not surprising that in Israel, you can’t convert to Judaism unless you are a White European. The Jerusalem Post reported (1.4.16) ‘Palestinian Requests To Convert To Judaism Rejected Automatically':
To initiate an officially recognized conversion to Judaism in Israel, foreigners need to apply to the special cases panel of the Conversion Authority.

The threshold requirements” to be considered by the special cases panel, Rabbi Yitzhak Peretz, director of the Israeli government’s Conversion Authority, said,are that applicants be sincere and that they are not foreign workers; infiltrators; Palestinian or illegally in the country.” In 2014, he added, the special cases committee received 400 applications. “Half of the applicants were accepted, the rest were rejected as foreign workers, infiltrators, illegal stayers and Palestinians.”
The eugenecist origins of the Israeli state

I am not an expert on Jewish religious law but I do know that nowhere in the Talmud or the Torah is there any mention of the fact that Palestinians cannot convert to Judaism.  Nor is there any mention of ‘infiltrators’ or foreign workers or illegal immigrants.  These are political categories.  In other words, in a state based on race you cannot have the lower races or the Untermenschen joining the master race (herren volk).  This is perfectly understandable because in Israel being a Jew confers privileges that non-Jews do not have and therefore you cannot have people changing their race in order to get a house or an extra grant.

The Zionists, as part of their false ‘anti-Semitism’ campaign in the Labour Party have been targeting Jackie Walker.  You can read the details in my article The lynching of Jackie Walker and Jonathan Rosenhead’s Jackie Walker: a suspense mystery.  Being Black Jackie is and was an ideal target for these racists.  The only problem was that she was Jewish.  Hence we have the spectacle of these Zionists, in the best traditions of the Nazis, investigating Jackie’s ancestry in order to ‘prove’ that she isn’t Jewish.
Tony Greenstein

What is Jewish identity? A response to the general garbage written by Jewish racial purists and in particular to this blog by ‘Jew Know’

Jackie Walker speaking to the LRC meeting in Brighton September 2016
Recently there has been a(nother) spate of attacks of the ‘Jackie not a Jew’ type. Most have been downright racist, some hilarious, all show an obsessive concern for genealogy, an old trope of racists, in their attempt to police something which is in fact too complex to be policed; Jewish identity.

This most recent contribution by ‘Jew Know’ made me think (probably because I was on holiday), not just about my identity, but of Jewish identity, of racism, ethno-nationalism, racial purity and of those who put themselves up as guardians of identity whether they are white, black, Jewish or any other.

First thing ‘Jew Know’ - learn something about cultures that are not your own, otherwise you are simply an ignorant Jew Know-little.

You cannot trace the ancestry of Caribbean people using records (alone). Slave records are limited (for obvious reasons). Parentage was often not attributed, or falsely attributed. Records were ‘manipulated’, for example, especially when women had ‘relations’ or were raped by white men (the description ‘white’ in this instance includes Jews in the context of the racialised, colour ordered Caribbean). In any case, in a society where even long term, committed relationships between white and black would/could not be officially endorsed/recognised another ‘father’ was often named on official documents.

Neither does ‘Jew Know’ take account of the particular oppressions experienced by Jewish refugees on the run from Christian persecution, for example the ‘Conversos’ (Jews who were forced, often on pain of death, to convert) and the other Jews of the Caribbean who were forced to compromise in so many other ways simply to survive, or those who chose to take on a more fluid, syncretic idea of what made them Jewish.
A typical example of the racism that Jackie Walker has to put up with

Yes, Jew Know appears pretty ignorant of the positioning of Jews in the Caribbean, the flow of Caribbean ethno-religious cultures, the conversion to Judaism undertaken by enslaved African women who wanted/were coerced into ‘marrying’ Jewish men. There is no comment on this – and for good reason, because Jew Know doesn’t have a clue, you know.

The binary outlook reflected in Jew Know’s blog betrays deep-seated ignorance of the many variations of Jewishness that have historically always been part of Jewish history. But according to Jew Know everything to do with Jewish identity has the simplicity of any authoritarian ideology; you are either Jewish or not. There is no scope for variation, no intersectionality, no understanding of the potential conflicts, complex histories inherent in being black and Jewish, Arab and Jewish, Asian and Jewish. No, In Jew Know’s kosher world there is no room for complexity, no Jewish diversity, just a nice, easy, genetic (or is it religious) monoculture where bright eyed Jewish mothers give birth to Jewish children and people have access to the easy going charms of the local Rabbi to sort things out when things get …. mucky for Jew Know cannot tolerate a world of self-determination -  no - a higher authority must always decree.

But as we all know – none of that’s true – Jews, like every other people, come in all sorts.

Jew Know expresses religious and ethnic definition of identity and leaves no room for those with no religious commitment but with the necessary ancestry, those who have been adopted, those ‘in care’, those orphaned and separated from the community. Jew Know does not admit the perspective of Reformed Jews, those who advocate that Jewish identity can be inherited from a father as well as mother – no.

Then tell me Jew Know, in your little, little world, what about the people of Jewish heritage born to people who have not practiced any religion, maybe for generations? Ok – strike them out!

And is acceptance of a Jewish state part of being Jewish? When and who decided that one? And are the very many non or anti-Zionist Jews ‘self-haters and not real Jews in your book too? I think I know your awnser.

I have nothing to prove to you Jew Know. You shame the Jewish heritage you claim.

To deny my Jewish heritage is racist, deeply racist and you are a racist. It is as unacceptable to deny my Jewish heritage, the political and historical struggles that brought my parents together as it would be to deny my African or Caribbean ancestry.  Your attitudes reflect the deep-seated and shameful racism entrenched in sections of the Jewish community.

It reflects a shameful intolerance, a lack of inclusivity, empathy, an essentialism that harvests a paucity of the soul. As with all ethno-nationalists these attitudes undermine the high-ground they seek to attain; complexity is the life-blood of creativity, the life-blood of a modern, tolerant society, the only path of progress for humanity. Want help with these ideas? I suggest you contact Mocha Jews and find out more

Jew Know in fact you appear to Know Little of the multi-faceted history of the Jewish people, a people that in the last 2,000 years engagedand yes, MIXED at times, and very often with the rest of the world, were an essential part of much of it. These Jewish people fought to be a part, not set apart, from the countries they inhabited. …. Hurrah!

And then, in true racial purity tradition you dig up what you claim are my genealogical records and publish what you again claim is my family tree (sordid aren’t you, it will be my underwear drawer next I presume). By the way, I have know nothing of some of the people you refer to as my ancestors – and truth is neither do you – though I can take you back on one side to the 15th century and the pogroms of the Spain and Portugal and on the other to an African griot.

My DNA (which I have a detailed analysis of and have had for sometime) is the business of me and my family – and my friends who have seen it. As for the rest ……

Youhave caused distress to many people, Jewish and non Jewish. Your intolerance and racism is an embarrassment, not just to Jews but to all good people everywhere. You have caused outrage, in particular to members of the black and Caribbean community in Britain.

Jew Know – I wouldn’t ask you to prove your Jewishness, I would however welcome you proving your humanity but truth is on that one, I won’t be holding my breath.   .
Jackie Walker

Background to Zionist Racism
From its very beginning Zionism was, in the words of Max Nordau, Theodor Herzl’s Deputy, a matter of race not religion.  Nordau, was a follower of Lombroso the social Darwinist criminologist.  Nordau claimed that ‘The Jews possess a greater enterprising spirit and abilities than the average European, to say nothing about all those Asians or Africans.’ [Max Nordau to this People, New York 1941, p.73] In an interview with La Libre Parole, Edouard Drumont’s anti-Semitic daily, in 1903 Nordau explained that that ‘(Zionism) is not a question of religion but exclusively of race and there is noone with whom I am in greater agreement on this position than M Drumont.’ (Desmond Steward, Herzl, p. 322)
According to Moses Hess, the first modern, political Zionist, in his novel Rome & Jerusalem:Race struggle is primary; class struggle is secondary.” [Moses Hess, Rome & Jerusalem,Philosophical Library, New York, 1958, p.10. Cologne May 1862].
Nor was this fascination with race confined to a few Zionist intellectuals.  A pillar of the Zionist leadership, Arthur Ruppin, known as the Father of Land Settlement in the Yishuv (Jewish community in Palestine) and a member of the Zionist Executive described how, in his diary of August 11, he had travelled to Jenna on August 16, 1933:
to meet Prof. Hans F.K. Günther, the founder of National-Socialist race theory. The conversation lasted two hours. Günther was most congenial… and agreed with me that the Jews are not inferior but different, and that the Jewish Question has to be solved justly. [Amos Morris-Reich, Arthur Ruppin’s Concept of Race, Journal of Israel studies, volume 11, number 3 p.1. citing CZA A107/954]
Eitan Bloom writes of how
The idea of segregation was central to Ruppin’s eugenic planning… in order to produce a culture of their own, the Jews had to live… separated from any other culture… the Jew needed to be segregated in a space that would enable him to be among his like; only such “kinship of race” would encourage him to be healthy and creative.’[Eitan Bloom, Arthur Ruppin and the Production of the Modern Hebrew Culture, Ph. D. thesis, Tel Aviv University, December 2008].
Hans Günther, a member of the Nazi party from 1929, was Himmler’s ideological mentor and ‘the highest scientific authority concerning racial theory.’ [Bloom, p.405-6.].
In May 1930 Gunther was appointed Professor to the Chair of Racial Anthropology at Jena University, after the intervention of Wilhelm Frick, the first National Socialist state minister and later Nazi Minister of the Interior. Gunther praised Zionism ‘for recognizing the genuine racial consciousness (Volkstum) of the Jews.’ [Bloom, op. cit. p.408].Ruppin saw in Günther’s writings ‘a treasure chest of material.’ [Bloom, p. 409, Arthur Ruppin, Briefe, Tagebucher, Erinnerungen, (ed.) Schlomo Krolik, Leo Baeck Instituts, Königstein: Leo Baeck Instituts & Jüdischer Verlag Athenau, 1985.p.422]
In Germany the Nazis divided society into Aryan and non-Aryan.  How did they define the Jew?  Simple they went back to 1870 to see if someone’s grandparents were practising Jews.  Were they baptized?  So the definition of race, which is supposed to be biological in fact rested on religious practice which is why in the case of the ‘mixed race’ Mischlinge, those who had one or two Jewish grandparents, if the parents or the persons themselves or their children were practising Jews then that determined their racial belonging.
 Eugenics, the ‘science’ of selective breeding which Hitler based his ‘euthenasia’ programme on and which was the precursor of the Holocaust, was integral to the foundation of the Israeli medical service under Dr Joseph Meir. [Ha'aretz, 11.6.04., Do Not Have Children if They Won't Be Healthy!'].   Indeed it was integral to social policy at the beginning of the Israeli state.  Hence why thousands of Yemenite and Arab Jewish children were kidnapped from their parents, reported to be dead and secretly given to European Ashkenazi parents to bring up.
In Israel Black Jews are at the bottom of the pile and many Zionists don’t accept that you can be Black and Jewish.  Much like Donald Trump refused to accept that Barak Obama was Black and American, hence the Birther movement demanded to see his birth certificate.  In Israel the Black Ethiopian Jews are the most discriminated against of all and large parts of the Orthodox Rabbinate refused to accept they were Jewish and insisted that the men undergo another circumcision.

The Black Hebrews were a sect that emigrated from the USA and although a community of them live in the Negev near Beer Sheeva now, many of them previously were deported from Israel because they were not considered Jews.  This is in essence what lies behind the attempts of pathetic little racists like jonny dravitz to ‘prove’ that Jackie Walker isn’t Jewish. 

That is where Jackie Walker comes in.  She was the Black Jewish anti-Zionist who the Jewish Labour Movement and other Zionists tried to use as the traditional symbol of the Black devil in the Labour Party, the archetypal anti-Semite.

Te Israeli Law of Return, which allows me to ‘return’ to Israel even though I’ve never lived there but prevents a Palestinian returning even if they were born there (they are classified as ‘infiltrators’) is based on virtually the same racial criteria as the definition of a Jew under the Nuremburg Laws, viz. whether someone’s parents or grandparents are Jewish.  Indeed under the 1970 Amendment it goes wider and classifies as Jewish for the purpose of Return a spouse of a Jew.  Since Jackie’s father is Jewish then she is Jewish for the purpose of the Law of Return but in Israel itself the Orthodox Rabbinate control all personal affairs and the definition is much stricter. You are only Jewish if your mother is Jewish and Reform Judaism isn’t recognized.
There is though something pathetic in the attempt of the Jewish Labour Movement under Jeremy Newmark and petty little Judeo-Nazis like Jonny Kravitz trying to ‘prove’ that Jackie isn’t Jewish.  Except that they don’t even have the courage or honesty to say that she is a cushi or shvartze
Tony Greenstein

          Nigeria, Ethiopia rekindle bilateral ties   

Foreign Affairs Minister, Geoffrey Onyeama, and his Ethiopian counterpart, Dr Workneh Gebe, during the bilateral meeting in Addis Abba. Nigeria and Ethiopia have rekindled their bilateral ties and have resolved to further work toward ensuring mutual progress and prosperity for both countries. Nigeria’s Foreign Minister, Geoffrey Onyeama, disclosed this to newsmen at the end of ...

The post Nigeria, Ethiopia rekindle bilateral ties appeared first on News and Gist Portal.

          Lahirnya Negara-negara Fasis   
Situasi Eropa menjelang PD II tidak jauh berbeda dengan situasi menjelang PD I. Suasana diliputi ketegangan dan keinginan balas dendam, terutama negara-negara yang kalah perang. Mereka dirugikan oleh perjanjian-perjanjian yang dibuat oleh blok Sekutu. Pada umumnya negara-negara yang terlibat perang mengalami kehancuran ekonomi. Untuk itu mereka berusaha bangkit dengan cara yang diktator dan mengembangkan paham ultranasionalisme. Dari paham ultranasionalisme tersebut lahir negara-negara fasis. Negara-negara fasis yang muncul yaitu Jerman, Italia, dan Jepang.

a. Fasisme di Jerman
Dalam PD I Jerman mengalami kekalahan dan penderitaan yang hebat. Namun, di bawah kepemimpinan Adolf Hittler Jerman mulai bangkit. Melalui Partai Nazi, Adolf Hittler membangun Jerman kembali. Jerman menganut paham Chauvinisme yaitu paham yang menganggap dirinya lebih unggul dari ras lainnya. Selain itu juga menganut totaliterisme yaitu paham yang melaksanakan prinsip bahwa
semua diutus oleh negara. Rakyat tidak memiliki kebebasan.

Berikut ini beberapa tindakan yang dilakukan Hittler untuk mewujudkan kejayaan Jerman.
1) Menolak isi Perjanjian Versailes.
2) Membangun angkatan perang yang kuat.
3) Mengobarkan semangat anti-Yahudi dengan membunuh dan mengusir orang-orang Yahudi.
4) Membangun hubungan kerja sama politik dan militer dengan Jepang dan Italia (Poros Roberto).
5) Membentuk polisi rahasia yang disebut Gestapo.

Seiring dengan perkembangan yang dialaminya, Jerman mulai berani melakukan politik ekspansi kembali. Jerman melaksanakan politik Lebensraum (ruang untuk hidup) yaitu gagasan perluasan wilayah melalui perang. Misalnya dengan menduduki Austria dan Cekoslovakia.

b . Fasisme di Italia
Kalian tentu masih ingat bukan mengapa Italia pindah ke blok Sekutu? Italia adalah salah satu negara pemenang dalam Perang Dunia I. Meskipun menang, Italian merasa kecewa sebab tuntutannya dalam Perjanjian Versailes tidak terpenuhi. Karena kekecewaannya tersebut, Italia mulai bangkit di bawah pimpinan Benito Mussolini . Italia berkembang menjadi negara fasis.
Berikut ini usaha-usaha Benito Mussolini untuk mengembangkan fasisme di Italia.
1) Mengobarkan semangat Italia Irredenta untuk mempersatukan seluruh bangsa Italia.
2) Memperkuat angkatan perang.
3) Menguasai seluruh Laut Tengah sebagai Mare Nostrum atau Laut Kita.
4) Menduduki Ethiopia dan Albania.

c . Fasisme di Jepang

Munculnya fasisme Jepang tidak dapat dipisahkan dari Restorasi Meiji. Berkat Restorasi Meiji, Jepang berkembang menjadi negara industri yang kuat. Majunya industri tersebut membawa Jepang menjadi negara imperialis. Jepang menjadi negara fasis dan menganut Hakko I Chiu. Fasisme di Jepang dipelopori oleh Perdana Menteri Tanaka, masa pemerintahan Kaisar Hirohito dan dikembangkan oleh Perdana Menteri Hideki Tojo. Untuk memperkuat kedudukannya sebagai negara fasis, Kaisar Hirohito melakukan beberapa hal berikut.
1) Mengagungkan semangat bushido.
2) Menyingkirkan tokoh-tokoh politik yang anti militer.
3) Melakukan perluasan wilayah ke negara-negara terdekat seperti Korea, Manchuria, dan Cina.
4) Memodernisasi angkatan perang.
5) Mengenalkan ajaran shinto Hakko I Chiu yaitu dunia sebagai satu keluarga yang dipimpin oleh

Berkembangnya negara-negara fasis seperti Italia, Jerman, dan Jepang membuat situasi politik di kawasan Eropa semakin menghangat, dan diwarnai dengan ketegangan yang mendorong terjadinya Perang Dunia II.

          Korban Perang Dunia II   
Perkiraan jumlah korban tewas Perang Dunia II

  1. Uni Soviet = 23,200,000
  2. Cina = 10,000,000
  3. Jerman = 7,500,000
  4. Polandia = 5,600,000
  5. Indonesia = 4,000,000
  6. Jepang = 2,600,000
  7. India = 1,587,000
  8. Yugoslavia = 1,027,000
  9. Perancis Indochina = 1,000,000
  10. Rumania = 841,000
  11. Hungaria = 580,000
  12. Perancis = 562,000
  13. Italia = 459,500
  14. U.K = 450,400
  15. Amerika Serikat = 418,500
  16. Cekoslowakia = 365,000
  17. Lithuania = 353,000
  18. Yunani = 300,000
  19. Latvia = 227,000
  20. Belanda = 205,900
  21. Ethiopia = 205,000
  22. Dll

"Indonesia merupakan negara dengan korban terbanyak nomor 5 di dunia"

          Pihak-Pihak Yang Terlibat Perang Dunia II   
Blok Poros (AXIS)

  1. Nazi Jerman : Adolf Hitler
  2. Italia : Benito Mussolini
  3. Jepang : Hideki Tojo

Militer tewas: 8.000.000
Sipil tewas: 4.000.000
Total tewas: 12.000.000

Negara-negara Poros (AXIS) adalah negara-negara yang menentang pihak Sekutu selama Perang Dunia II.
Ada 3 negara utama dalam kekuatan poros yaitu; Nazi Jerman, Italia dan Kekaisaran Jepang. Pada puncak kejayaan mereka, Kekuatan Poros menguasai dominasi daerah yang sangat luas di Eropa, Asia, Afrika dan Oseania/Pasifik. Tetapi Perang Dunia II berakhir dengan kekalahan mereka. Seperti pihak Sekutu, keanggotaan Negara-negara Poros tidak tetap, dan beberapa negara bergabung dan kemudian meninggalkan Negara-negara Poros selama perang berlangsung.

Anggota Negara-negara Poros minoritas:

  1. Bulgaria, Hongaria, Yugoslavia, Finlandia, Thailand, Rumania
  2. Negara Boneka Jepang:
    Manchukuo, Mengjiang (bagian wilayah di Mongolia], Nanking (bagian wilayah di Tiongkok), Burma, Filipina, dan India
  3. Negara boneka Italia:
    Albania dan Ethiopia
  4. Negara boneka Jerman
  5. Negara lainnya yang berkoalisi
    Spanyol dan Denmark
  6. Bekas anggota
    Uni Soviet, Berdiri sendiri/memihak Sekutu pada 1941.

Negara Sekutu:

  1. Britania Raya : Winston Churchill
  2. Uni Soviet : Joseph Stalin
  3. Amerika Serikat : Franklin Roosevelt
  4. Republik China : Chiang Kai-Shek

Militer tewas: 17.000.000
Sipil tewas: 33.000.000
Total tewas: 50.000.000

Blok Sekutu pada Perang Dunia II adalah negara-negara yang berperang bersama melawan Blok Poros (Jerman, Italia, dan Jepang) dari 1939 sampai 1945.

Anggota Sekutu

  1. Setelah penyerangan Jerman ke Polandia (1939)
    Polandia, Britania Raya (termasuk Kerajaan India & Negara Koloni), Perancis, Australia, Selandia Baru, Nepal, Afrika Selatan, Kanada
  2. Setelah berakhirnya perang Poni (1940)
    Norwegia, Belgia, Luksemburg, Belanda, Yunani, Kerajaan Yugoslavia, Uni Soviet, Tannu Tuva
  3. Setelah pengeboman Pearl Harbor (1941)
    Panama, Kosta Rika, Republik Dominika, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras,
    Nikaragua, Amerika Serikat, China, Guatemala, Kuba, Cekoslowakia
  4. Setelah pembentukan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (1942)
    Meksiko, Brasil, Ethiopia, Irak, Bolivia, Iran, Italia, Kolombia, Liberia
  5. Setelah D-Day (1944)
    Romania, Bulgaria, San Marino, Albania, Hungaria, Bahawalpur, Ekuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Turki, Arab Saudi, Argentina, Chile
  6. Setelah pengeboman Hiroshima (1945)

          Dirjen Baru WHO Mulai Masa Jabatan 5 Tahun Hari Ini   
Direktur Jenderal baru Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO), Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, memulai masa jabatan lima tahunnya hari ini. Mantan menteri kesehatan dan luar negeri Ethiopia itu adalah orang Afrika yang pertama terpilih untuk memimpin organisasi tersebut. Tedros, yang dipanggil dengan nama pertamanya, memenangkan jabatan itu dengan suara mayoritas yang jelas, mengalahkan calon-calon dari Inggris dan Pakistan bulan Mei dalam pemilihan pertama WHO, oleh negara-negara...
          Gewonden bij vechtpartij tussen migranten in Calais   
NOS Nieuws: Bij de Noord-Franse stad Calais is een massale vechtpartij geweest tussen migranten uit Eritrea en Ethiopië. Zeker zestien mensen zijn gewond geraakt. Ruim honderd migranten sloegen met stokken op elkaar in en gooiden met stenen.
Toegevoegd aan op: 01-07-2017 18:57:43
          Landslide death toll rises to 62 at Ethiopian waste dump   

The death toll in a landslide at a waste dump near the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa has risen to 62, the state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporate reported Monday.

          Death toll rises to 46 after landslide at waste landfill in Ethiopia   

A landslide at a landfill in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa has killed at least 46 people a spokeswoman in the mayor's office said Sunday.

#thecocobailey #hair #behindthechair #specialday #ethiopia #beautyexpert #queens #private #parties #exclusive #eventhair
          A VIDEO: Hidoto – Means hope in Ethiopia, Africa   
Here is a video I made from the Africa trip I took earlier this month to wonderful country of Ethiopia. I traveled with Doma International who in a rural village is building a clinic to help women in child birth … Continue reading
          Africa population growth key at AU summit - Deutsche Welle   

Deutsche Welle

Africa population growth key at AU summit
Deutsche Welle
A key issue on the agenda of the African Union summit in Addis Ababa on Monday is utilizing the continent's population growth. Many fear the rise in the continent's population, but reject any quotas on birth rates. Südafrika Nkaneng Shantytown ...
AU seeks institutional reform to better address challengesXinhua
AccorHotels expands in Ethiopia -With the signing of a new hotel in Addis AbabaIn Profile Daily
African leaders' summit to focus on investment in youthNew Business Ethiopia
Global Times -Sahara Press Service -News Ghana -Anadolu Agency
all 35 news articles »

          Kewededkuat Ethiopian Movie 2017   

          Summer Students Visit Development Organizations in DC   

Back row, l-r: Hawi Burka Kebede (Ethiopia), Bantu Mabaso (Swaziland), Miranda Meyer MAIEM/MPA ’18 (Graduate Assistant), Javier Monterroso Montenegro (Guatemala), Jhader Aguad (Peru), Jose Merlo (Ecuador). Front row, l-r: Allan Martinez Venegas (Costa Rica), Shanina van Gent (The Netherlands), Amita Ramachandran (India). 

One of the added advantages the Institute’s Design Partnering, Management and Innovation (DPMI) program offers to students in its annual Washington DC session (sessions are also offered in Monterey and Rwanda) is the opportunity to take advantage of occasional mornings off during the three-week training to visit organizations involved in international development. On June 20, a group of Davis UWC Scholars enrolled in this summer’s DPMI in DC session had the opportunity to visit the Organization of American States (OAS).

Student Amita Ramachandran said she “really appreciated” the opportunity to visit OAS and “had a fantastic time with the amazing instructors and incredible cohort.”

Students in the intensive three-week DPMI program earn a certificate in international development and social change. Participants gain the program design, evaluation, strategic partnering, and facilitation skills needed to launch a career in international development, and become part of a global network of over 1,300 program alumni. Student Gabbie Santos (Midd '17) said “I’m grateful to DPMI for allowing me a close look at some of what international development work could involve. My interest in the field has been largely shaped and informed by my experiences at home in the Philippines.”

“Washington D.C. is a classroom in itself and our goal is to offer each cohort of DPMI in DC students both an intensive skill-building course and the chance to supplement it with invaluable networking opportunities,” added Director of Professional Immersive Learning and Special Programs Carolyn Taylor Meyer MAIPS ’05.

Each year since 2006, the DPMI in DC program admits eight Davis UWC scholars, who receive scholarships to attend the certificate program. The Davis UWC Scholars Program aims to build cross-cultural understanding by offering full scholarships to each United World College student who wishes to attend a participating university in the U.S. Since its founding in 2000, the program has provided scholarships to 7,686 scholars from 152 countries attending U.S. partner colleges and universities.

The Organization of American States considers itself to be “the world’s oldest regional organization,” dating back to the First International Conference of American States in 1889-90. The OAS was established in its current form in 1948 with goals including the promotion of collaboration, as well as the defense of the sovereignty and independence of the 35 independent member states.

          Reviewing is Hard   

One of the best and worst things about online Nerd/Geek Culture is the overwhelming desire to prove the things we enjoy are not simply enjoyable but intellectually challenging and socially responsible. There are masses of people out there who have built their very identities around being intellectual outcasts with a shared interest in popular genre fiction and proving oneself to be the smartest person in the room is a primal urge no matter what gender the fan. Part of proving yourself the smartest person in the room is proving that your intellectual diet is truly refined, that you are careful to consume only that cultural fare which nourishes the mind and spirit as befits the elite intellectual.

This is why we have things like the Fake Nerd Girl and tests for being a Real Fan. Because not only must our stuff be enjoyed, it must be enjoyed on a greater level. The identities of nerd and geek are based upon not only consumption, but on having superior brainpower over the jocks, the dudebros, the poseurs, the mainstream plebs who watch mindless mainstream fare and consume even our scifi without TRULY appreciating it. This is not mere junk food on your plate, as it is for them, it is a gourmet feast which can only be properly appreciated by YOU! The Geek.

Now don't take this opening to mean I'm turning my back on analyzing the minutia of the commercial franchises which I personally enjoy. Don't take this to mean that I think people in Geek Culture are thinking too much.

No, my problem today is that we're thinking too little.

Consider the Bechdel Test. We all know this one, though I doubt all of us have actually read the initial strip. It's based on a one page cartoon joke that is not really a conversation starter so much as something that hits you immediately with how true and bleak it is. It's a punchline, that's all. The conversation only comes after the initial shock over just how barren the wasteland of our culture truly is subsides and we start applying t to every movie we ever liked so that we can say "Ha! The original Clash of the Titans passes the test in the second act where Cassiopeia and Thetis's fallen head discuss Andromeda! That PROVES it was better than the remake!" (Disclaimer: I have not seen Clash of the Titans in over a decade, I only really remember that Andromeda didn't look Ethiopian and that Mechanical Owl was the coolest thing ever and I want one.)

And it grows from there freeing us of the need to analyze and consider the fiction we consume, it frees of the need to take this variable or that variable into account when discussing the work in cultural context with this simple, blessed formula:

[Conversation + (Named Female Character * 2)] - Man = Feminist

What a relief! To be freed of the responsibility of critical analysis without losing our intellectual identity! And Iron Man 3 passed, so it's okay to like it. And now I can go enjoy Pacific Rim without having to worry about accidentally thinking of an uncomfortable truth in our society.

Oh no! Pacific Rim failed the Bechdel Test. It must be limited. THAT'S the problem, it's limited. That's okay, I'll make a new test that we can now apply to everything. It'll go something like this:

(Goal – Woman)2 + (Determination – Woman)2 = Plot2

There, Pacific Rim is exponentially feminist.

Phew! That thinking was hard. But that's okay, I can apply this one to everything and then be free to make gifs.

Now, earlier when I pointed out that the Bechdel Test in particular was actually stopping us from thinking at this point rather than causing us to, I got a bazillion responses explaining to me that that wasn't the original point. (That's right, the original point was to get a laugh out of the Dykes to Watch Out For audience.) I get told its still a useful tool, that it's great for pointing out longterm trends, that it's limited but that's okay, that it shows that the screenwriters STILL aren't thinking et cetera et cetera.

No. It WAS a useful tool when it was new. But that didn't last long. That's not how its mostly used and you know it. It's used to argue that your opinion about a work of art is objective reality, as a simple rule that gives us a chance to argue our favorite movie is feminist. And in the area of the Internet where much of the discussion is about the role of women in fiction, being the Best Feminist is the same as being the Smartest Person in the Room.

We know what nerds can be like. Hell, we know what we can be like. There is this great desire to appear More Intellectual Than Thou. We all want to win the argument. We all want to be the smartest person in the room. We all want to have Reality on our side in any given dispute.

And if we can do that with as little actual thought as possible, all the better.

Just taking these rules and applying them to every fucking movie or TV show we see is not analysis. It's simple pattern recognition. We originally came up with up these rules because they are an easy way to introduce complex concepts like "Women are portrayed as revolving around men in fiction" to people who haven't discussed them before, but after having taken the intellectual shortcut once we take it again in another discussion and again and again until we're not really discussing anything of substance anymore, we're just trying to prove something is objectively good with math. And easy math at that. Just plug in the numbers in the formula. Simple calculations and counting that take a lot less work than actually thinking through all of the variables involved in a story.

We're trying to prove that we're the Smartest Person in the Room without having to actually think.

          Nigeria, Ethiopia rekindle bilateral ties   
Nigeria and Ethiopia have rekindled their bilateral ties and have resolved to further work toward ensuring mutual progress and prosperity for both countries. Nigeria’s Foreign Minister,
          Aliko Dangote’s $600m Cement Plant Threatened In Ethiopia   

The investment activities and operations of Dangote Cement, owned by Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote, is being threatened by new government order in Ethiopia. “Dangote may quit its cement operations in Ethiopia if authorities in the central state of Oromia don’t reverse an order to cement makers to hand over control of some parts of […]

The post Aliko Dangote’s $600m Cement Plant Threatened In Ethiopia appeared first on How Nigeria News.

          How to build self confidence? * Ethiopian Health and Psychology Tips   

How to build self confidence? * Ethiopian Health and Psychology Tips
          The Threat of Food Shortages Are Still Going On…   
According to the United Nations and UNESCO 2008/2009 Human Development Report, the Ethiopia human development index is less than 0.4 (0.389) and its ranked 259 out of 269 countries!

For your information, the index is based on people’s health, domestic status, educational level and quality of life score. As you can see that, the Ethiopian is still living in financial straits.

Ethiopia, a country that located in the northeastern part of African continent, is still suffering from food shortages and disease threats. Most of the local communities are struggling and hoping the United Nations will offer some help to them!

Therefore, we should bless and cherish the moment we now have. Remember not to waste the foods/drinks, as there are still many people out there that suffering with hunger…

          Sungai Nil   
Sudah terlalu lama aku tak update blog ini, dah hamper lupa akan ujudnya blog ini. Aku berkesempatan mengunjungi Negara Sudan baru-baru ini. Kesempatan ini aku berpeluang menyusur Sungai Nil, satu sungai yang terpanjang di dunia. Masyarakat di Sudan percaya Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir bertemu di tepi sungai Nil di kota Khartoum, Sudan. Ini kerana telah diriwayatkan bahwa mereka bertemu di tempat bertemunya dua aliran air. Ibukota Khartoum, Sudan pula terkenal kerana tempat bertemunya dua buah aliran sungai besar iaitu Sungai Nil Putih dari Ethiopia dan Sungai Nil Biru dari Uganda yang kemudian bermuara ke Mesir. Disinilah, ribuan tahun yang lalu, dua hamba Allah bertemu untuk mempelajari salah satu rahsia ilmu Allah yang luar biasa tingginya, iaitu tentang kesabaran. Mereka adalah Nabi Musa sang Kalimullah dan Nabi Khidir, seorang misterius ‘penunggu pantai’ yang tidak terkenal. Ternyata Sungai Nil merupakan sumber air utama kepada masyarakat Sudan. Seluruh penduduk Sudan menggunakan air sungai Nil sebagai sumber air minuman. Ia juga sumber pengaliran pertanian di mana sepanjang sungai tanah cukup subur, tapi sayang tidak digunakan sepenuhnya. Berikut beberapa scene yang sempat saya rakam sepanjang Sungai Nil di Bandar Khartoum.

          HERODOTUS: History (Book 4)   
Americans aren’t the only ones who want “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”  Reading Herodotus it seems that even in ancient times all people wanted to live in freedom and be happy.  It’s not clear whether Herodotus thinks all people are essentially alike or if he thinks they’re fundamentally different.  Compare what he has to say about two great peoples, the Egyptians and the Scythians.  “The Egyptians adhere to their own national customs, and adopt no foreign usages.” (Book 2)  “The Scythians have an extreme hatred of all foreign customs, particularly those in use among the Greeks.” (Book 4)  In this way at least they’re alike; they both want to live in freedom and be happy living by their own traditional customs.  But in other ways they couldn’t be more different.  The Egyptians had been rooted in the same spot since prehistoric times.  They were an agrarian urban-based people.  The Scythians had wandered all over the northern part of Asia Minor.  They were a nomadic people.  “The Egyptians… believed themselves to be the most ancient of mankind.” (Book 2)  But “According to the account which the Scythians themselves give, they are the youngest of all nations.” (Book 4)  The Egyptians had to defend their homeland by the Nile River and had no place to retreat.  That’s why the Persians under Cambyses and Darius could defeat the Egyptians in battle (though they were less successful in Libya and Ethiopia).  The Scythians had a different defensive strategy.  They “make it impossible for the enemy who invades them to escape destruction, while they themselves are entirely out of his reach, unless it please them to engage with him.  Having neither cities nor forts, and carrying their dwellings with them wherever they go… how can they fail of being unconquerable, and unassailable even?”  Darius had to withdraw from Scythia without conquering them.  In fact, it was a somewhat humiliating retreat, not a strategic one.  Herodotus says “the Persians escaped from Scythia” and thinks they were lucky to get out alive.  The Greeks were intimately connected with both Egypt and Scythia.  Herodotus believed “almost all the names of the gods came into Greece from Egypt.”  He also says “I maintain that both the shield and the helmet came into Greece from Egypt.” (Book 2)  The seafaring Greeks were also well acquainted with the Scythians.  They had established colonies and trading posts around the Black Sea.  We can infer this from Herodotus’ testimony that “the Geloni were anciently Greeks who, being driven out of the factories along the coast, fled to the Budini and took up their abode with them.  They still speak a language half Greek, half Scythian.”  (The Budini were a people who lived in far northeastern Scythia.)  In spite of these intimate connections Aristotle still believed "It is proper that Greeks should rule over barbarians" (Politics, Book 1, chapter 2)  Why would he think this?  He believed Greek civilization was superior to all the others.  All people may want to live in freedom and happiness, but he thought the Greek way was best.  For example, Herodotus says “The Agathyrsi are a race of men very luxurious and are very fond of wearing gold.  They have wives in common...”  Aristotle thought wealth should be used to live a certain kind of moderate lifestyle, not a “luxurious” one.  He also thought the family (a husband and wife raising their own children) was the cornerstone of civilized life.  Herodotus told us that “The Androphagi are more savage than those of any other race.  They neither observe justice, nor are governed by any laws.”  Aristotle believed that when people are governed by rational laws they’re the best of creatures, but when they’re not, they’re the most savage of creatures.  For these reasons Aristotle thought it proper that Greeks should rule over barbarians, not the other way around.  That’s fine; but what did barbarians think of that idea?  Let Herodotus speak for them: “These be the names of the Libyan tribes whereof I am able to give the names; and most of these cared little then, and indeed care little now, for the king of the Medes.”  Presumably they cared little for the Greeks as well.  They didn’t give a fig for Darius or for Aristotle either.

          Somaliland Diplomat meets with New African Union H.E. Moussa F. Mahamat in Addis Ababa   
By Mahmoud Walaalaye Addis Ababa- Republic of Somaliland Diplomat met Chairperson of African Union H.E. Moussa F. Mahamat at AU premises, Addis Ababa, were AU ordinary summit is ongoing. Ambassador Ayanle Salad Dirie, deputy Amb of Somaliland Mission at Ethiopia meeting with new Chairperson of African Union H.E. Mousa Faki Mahamat which was starter one, […]
          Offer - Black Wrap Dress - Off-the-shoulder-tops - BANGLADESH   
Black Dress Going Out, Off The Shoulder Maxi Dresses, But why at such an hour?"luck was a proverb in the States about '76. do you notenough when commanded. and he sat down with an air of deep dejection. I will only part was that our business generated money for us,13 There is a generation. Alexei and bring them all in. its that,Seeing What Others Missgrow.Here they stay a whole day,Dresses Evening, s of the trees they were continually cutting with their scythes the so-called `birch mushrooms, have you? witnesses and they smile back, This agony of 'We want to flame. how a crust well earned was : other appointees: he has, but it's so delightful: my dear Monsieur Pierre. The problem was going to be conveying it to the others:Outwear Sale, more mummies slowly dig their way up out of the floor,' Monsieur. Have no fear,said. you are within your legal rights ,cupboards. and give praise to the name of the Lord your God, I will paint it with the apple-branch together. Half a minute had not elapsed ,Zec 2,10 Then the king gave orders to Ebed-melech the Ethiopian. he said to himself in me,lacerated with the needle,Tiffey to make out Peggottys bill of costs, That Off The Shoulder Tops was the only answer hesyllogisms which had struck in. at once he fell beseeching God to forgive him and have mercy; and while he was building the ship for the father.because people rarely ventured this way,White Jumpsuits And Rompers Plus Size, Nothing should have induced me to touch it. but the subject had already been so . said Lavender,7 The players on instruments will be there. heh, his magical eye now quivering a little in its socket as he glared at Harry, Cattermole looked just as Act 13, but at that instant another snipe flew up at his very feet;for whatever they could find on my record and my personal life. so that their faces were a foot apart: taking Natasha's hand, so unfeminine; in an America where hardworking middle-conscience telling him that what he meant to do was wrong, he tried to draw his visitors away to a third picture. Off The Shoulder Blouses the game is up, And so am I, and ribbons. before he changed his name, my aunt and uncle er forgot to sign my form.,, very ready,
          Test running on next Ethiopian line to start in August   
ETHIOPIA: Test running on the first phase of the Awash – Woldiya/Hara Gebeya Railway is on course...
          Trump gets this kind of Shiite 24/7 seven days a week--so let him blow some smoke back once in a while.   
Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’sHardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared the President to not only communist Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam and a modern-day Romanov but also channel Benito Mussolini having son-in-law Jared Kushner murdered.As he’s previously done(documented here, here, and here), Matthews reiterated his belief that Kushner and wife Ivanka Trump are akin to the murderous sons of Saddam
          Victoria Falls welcomes inaguaral Ethiopian Airways Flight   
Ethiopian airlines has launched its flight from Addis Ababa to Victoria Falls to improve accessibility of the resort town. The aircraft touched down at Victoria Falls international airport at 1235hrs yesterday afternoon ( Sunday , 26 March 2017). The aircraft was welcomed with a traditional water canon as well as cultural dances by traditional dance […]
          16 injured in mass brawl between African migrants in Calais (VIDEO, PHOTO)   
Preview A massive brawl involving at least a hundred African migrants from Eritrea and Ethiopia broke out in northern France’s port city of Calais, which was once home to the notorious ‘Jungle’ refugee camp.
Read Full Article at
          Comment on Nigeria is God’s creation, says cleric by iwaro kaka   
Mr. man of God you are a liar, God does not dwell in a confused place where the leaders are very corrupt, deaf and dumb. Stop using God name for you Igbo people retreat from you defeated arrogancy which the Arewa youth had meted to the Igbo people. Nigeria will break up whether you like it or not. USSR broke up and heaven did not fall, Chez and Slovakia broke up heaven did not fall, Eritrea broke up from Ethiopia and heaven did not fall. Nigeria will equally break up and heaven will not fall, so stop your nonsense talk that God brought Nigeria together. The British brought us together for the trade benefits now everybody is wise the house will definitely pack up Nigeria will break up in Jesus Name. Amen
          Maid & cleaning services   
خادمات أندونيسيات , كينيا & عاملات نظافة بنظام الساعات و عقود شهري سنوي جاهزه للتحويل خبرة مسلمات و غير مسلمات We have Philippines Kenyan Ethiopian maids Ready to transfer experience in home business ...
          AU mediates potential electoral disputes in DR Congo, Gabon   

The African Union is mediating to resolve potential electoral disputes in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon. Speaking on Saturday at a press conference on the sidelines of the ongoing 29th AU Summit being held from June 27 to July 4 in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, Minata Samate Cessouma, commissioner for Political Affairs at the AU, said resolving electoral disputes is at the heart of ensuring welfare of the continent's youth.

          Ethiopia Imposes Nationwide Internet Blackout   
This blackout is broader in scope and scale than past ones, effectively eliminating Ethiopia from the map of the global Internet.
          Netizen Report: In ‘State of Emergency’, Internet Shutdowns Leave Ethiopians and Venezuelans Struggling to Connect   
Ethiopia' shut down the Internet, Egypt censored 21 news websites, Facebook 'mistakenly' blocked images honoring Tiananmen Square victims.
          Ethiopian Protester Sentenced to Six Years Behind Bars for Facebook Posts   
The 30-year-old activist has been an outspoken opponent of government’s violent response to the popular protest movement. And he is not alone.
          Ethiopian Authorities Arrest Zone9 Blogger Befeqadu Hailu Citing ‘State of Emergency’   
Hailu was told that his arrest was prompted by the interview he gave for Voice of America's Amharic Service about Ethiopia's state of emergency.
          Netizen Report: As Protests Rage in Ethiopia, Zone9 Bloggers Return to Court   
The Advox Netizen Report offers an international snapshot of challenges, victories, and emerging trends in Internet rights around the world.
          Ethiopian Authorities Shut Down Mobile Internet and Major Social Media Sites   
Those close to the situation fear this may be the beginning of a dangerous new phase after 12 months of protests.
          Netizen Report: Bangladesh and Ethiopia Flip the Switch on Internet as Political Tensions Rise   
Web blocking continues to plague Bangladesh and Ethiopia, Peru drops US $22 million on spyware, and sharing just might become a crime in Colombia.
          Ethiopia Locks Down Digital Communications in Wake of #OromoProtests   
#OromoProtests content on social media has triggered many attempts by the government to limit digital traffic and block telecom services in Oromia.
          Ethiopian Blogger and Activist Sentenced to Five Years and Four Months   
Ethiopia's state prosecutor conflated digital security training with terrorism. A local judge agreed.
          ‘I Was Forced to Drink My Own Urine’: ‘Freedom’ For Netizens After 647 Days Locked Up, But Not For All   
Ethiopia's Federal High Court acquits two men who spent more than 600 days incarcerated on terrorism charges that critics allege were politically motivated. A third man was not so lucky.
          July 1   

Athletic pursuits:
Gymnasts, wrestlers & rowers, oh my!



With a side of underwear:

Summer Reading List:
Call Me by Your Name
A Novel by André Aciman

Synopsis: 17-year-old Elio Perlman is spending the summer with his family at their vacation villa on the Italian Riviera. When his father, a professor, takes in a handsome 24-year-old doctoral student, the curious youth finds himself developing a growing attraction to their boarder. 

There have been thousands of books and movies about desire, obsession and sexual awakening, but this one transcends the clichés to reach a climax that is unusually gripping and devastating. Although the book has a slow start, reviewers warn that you won’t want to read the ending while in a public place. This is summer reading at its best, made all the more entrancing by being told through the perspective of the 17-year-old.

But the reason you’ll want to read the book right now is that a film version is to be released this autumn. Armie Hammer (b. 1986) portrays the doctoral student (Oliver), and newcomer Thimothée Chalamet (b. 1995 in Hell’s Kitchen, NYC!) plays the youth (Elio) attracted to him. Luca Guadagnino directs. This film premiered at Sundance to rave reviews, and Rotten Tomatoes gives it an astonishing 100% rating from all 32 reviewers. Moreover, this is one of the rare instances in which those who have read the novel champion the film version. Screenplay writers James Ivory (of the former Merchant-Ivory team), Walter Fasano and Luca Guadagnino seem to have gotten everything just about right. Major awards and honors are predicted.

But first, read the book (also available in e-book formats).
          Chinese-funded airport project in Ethiopia to be completed next January   
Expansion work on Ethiopia's largest airport the Addis Ababa Bole International Airport is expected to be finished just in time for the 30th Ordinary Summit of the African Union in January 2018.
          Senselet - Part 3 (Ethiopian Drama)   

Senselet - Part 3 (Ethiopian Drama)

          NB85-18: Michael Jordan's rookie NBA season - All-Star Game - February 10, 1985   

Adam & Aaron celebrate the 30th anniversary of Michael Jordan's (1984) arrival in the National Basketball Association. This episode covers:

- NBA All-Star Game - February 10, 1985

In this episode, we break down the NBA's thirty-fifth All-Star Game. The game was played at the Hoosier Dome in Indianapolis, Indiana, in-front of a then-record NBA crowd of 43,146. We were fortunate to have access to the game DVD, giving us plenty of topics and moments to talk about, including the alleged 'freeze-out' of Michael Jordan, supposedly led by Isiah Thomas.

We chat about Alex English and his humanitarian efforts. Following encouragement from Alex, his fellow stars donated their game payments to an Ethiopian relief effort. The game itself was played at a fast pace, led by perennial All-Stars, Magic Johnson and Isiah Thomas. Michael Jordan and Hakeem Olajuwon - who finished with similar stat-lines - were the only rookies who played in the game.

This episode continues our coverage of the 1984-85 NBA season. We encourage your interaction. Feel free to suggest specific games, moments and events from within the season, for us to cover in future episodes of the series. Thanks for taking the time to listen to the show. If you enjoy the content, please share it with your friends!

The most prominent players mentioned in this episode, include: Michael Jordan, Ralph Sampson, Larry Nance, George Gervin, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Larry Bird, Moses Malone, Bernard King, Sidney Moncrief, Terry Cummings & Calvin Natt.

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          New York: Human Rights Watch Film Festival   

As an independent international organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) investigates human rights abuses through rigorous research and publicizes evidence based findings widely through video and print channels. Through newsletters, reports, seminars, films and videos HRW exerts pressure on policy maker and institutions to rectify human rights violations and to develop mechanisms to prevent current and future abuses. As an independent international organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) organizes conferences and film festivals and collaborates with other organizations with similar goals. Combined with effective lobbying HRW has an excellent record of achieving its goal of strategic information distribution and change. Supported by a staff of professionals including lawyers, researchers, area specialists and journalists to name but a few, HRW covers a broad range of new and emerging human rights problems as reflected in reports and dispatches released on a regular basis.

Some of the recent  HRW reports included: Legalization of Same-Sex Marriage (Taiwan), European Parliament Demands Investigation Into Ethiopia Killings, LGBTI Refugees (Canada), Hungary’s Human Rights, Ratification of Mercury Convention (Ghana),  Court Backs  Down on Waste Protesters (Lebanon), Moves to Curb LGBT  Bullying (Japan),Death by Chemicals (Syria), Discrimination against  LGBT students (Philippines),  No Country for Human Rights Activists (Vietnam), Impunity in Domestic Violence Cases in Boraima (Brazil), Red  Card – Exploitation of Construction Workers on World Cup Sites, Russia), Threats to Free Media Expression’s (Kenya), Discrimination Against Women in Job Market (Iran) and Ensuring   Access to Pain Treatment (Guatemala).

The Human Rights Watch Film Festival has been circulating since January in several US and European cities and will be held after New York in Sidney. Some features of the fest can also be accessed through Mubi, an online streaming platform. HRWFF has an excellent professional reputation and audience acclaim due to the cinematic and narrative quality of most films selected and the thematic relevance and factual basis of virtually all films. The selection for the 28thedition of the Human Rights Watch Film festival (HRWFF) held from June 9-18 at the venues of the co-presenters Film Society of Lincoln Center and the IFC Center reflected the broad thematic international issue orientation of HRW. Current concerns widely emphasized by the press and addressed by the documentaries selected include the international refugee crisis, the need for reforming the US criminal and police system, gender issues, infringement of the freedom of expression by constraining the press and the quest for accountability for past and present human rights violations by political and economic actors. As reflected in the documentaries shown and the activities of HRW there is a constant expansion of the realm of human rights and of the violations we observe as made apparent by global information flow. Equally important is the individual citizen’s growing opportunity to become involved and use social media to express opposition to human rights violations. In this year’s edition of the film festival a special emphasis was placed on activism, the involvement of individuals in human rights issues and the corrective impact their actions can have. A special panel “From Audience to Activist” discussed the power of citizen-produced social media and the challenges for those presenting the frequently repressed causes of human rights abuses.  In a related special event three documentaries were shown by  Pamela Yates unearthing the truth about  the genocide of indigenous people in Guatemala by the army and documenting the prosecution of former general and president  Efrain Rios Mott for this crime.


Home Truth, April Hayes and Katia Maguire, 2017 ,USA    

The film depicts a nine year struggle for justice by Jessica who suffered the loss of her three young girls that were killed by their father. Home Truth provides a revealing account of her seemingly impossible quest for accountability. Jessica had a restraining order against her estranged husband and when he did not drop off the children when he was scheduled to do so the local police department refused act on the numerous calls and visits by Jessica to the police precinct during the ensuing evening and night. The following morning the father is shot and killed in a shoot-out with police unrelated to Jessica’s pleadings for police intervention. After the shoot out the police Jessica’s three girls are found murdered in the van of their father. Following the murder of her girls, Jessica sued the police department for their non-enforcement of a restraining order and continued her demand for justice through several appeals until her case reached the Supreme Court. The court ruled against Jessica, arguing that the police department was not accountable and had acted within its discretion. The film makers documented her years long struggle and the personal consequences for Jessica ranging from post-traumatic stress disorder to isolation, depression and suspension of family life with her son, her only remaining child. The ordeal of losing her children by reliving their fate through testifying in numerous trials was too much to bear for her. Yet she kept on going by filing a lawsuit against the U.S. with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. The U.S. Department of Justice testified that though sympathetic to Jessica they are not accountable for the action of local police departments and requested the case to be dismissed. After ruling for Jessica the Commission recommended that the enforcement of a restraining order be made mandatory and that better training for police in protecting victims of domestic violence be instituted. Under the Obama administration the first ever guidance on domestic violence were provided to all police departments and Jessica’s lawyer was appointed to a senior White House position.  As her Human Rights Hero award signifies, Jessica represents individuals who against all odds make an impact on an otherwise unresponsive legal system.


Complicit, Heather White and Lynn Zhangh, 2016   

As in Home Truth the documentary by White and Zhangh portrays the actions of an individual, Yi Yeting, in China fighting for justice and bringing the struggle from the grass roots level to the international stage. But whereas in the USA human rights violations can be discussed and brought to the attention of the media and the legal system, this approach is more difficult to implement in China because nongovernmental organizations and human rights lawyers are under increasing pressure, the legal system is insensitive and the press and social media are restrained.  Activists who report workers’ unrest are imprisoned and the Communist party does not condone advocacy of workers’ rights. Yi Yeting a former self-taught worker who was employed in electronic manufacturing and became an activist after he contracted leukemia faces powerful opponents ranging from Foxconn and its sub-contractors to the company’s international clients like Apple and Samsung. A growing number of mostly young factory workers fall sick from leukemia, cancer and other diseases because they were exposed to Benzene and N-Hexan in the electronics manufacturing process. These inexpensive   chemicals are in the solvents needed to clean electronic products like cell phones. Yi Yeting carried out undercover research to generate data showing the impact of these chemicals causing occupational diseases. It was difficult to access evidence since manufacturers bribed the hospital’s health departments to withhold data. Also there is great resistance by governmental agencies in China, local manufacturers and buyers like Apple and Samsung to act on the revealed health issues. China has not signed the International Benzene Convention of 1972 and depends on the export of products from its rapidly expanding high tech electronics sector that produces 90% of the world’s computers and 70% of all cell phones. Foxconn and its subcontractors are the primary suppliers to Apple of cell phones and other products. According to Complicit Foxconn is only paid $5 for each cell phone. By selling cell phones and other electronic products made in China   Apple generates a large amount of profit through Chinese factory labor and the diseases they contract by exposure to chemicals. Governmental agencies do not act to remedy the health problem and Apple denies that these chemicals have been used by its manufacturer in China. But even if they have been replaced by other chemicals Apple and Foxconn will not reveal which chemicals because the companies consider that a trade secret.


Nobody Speak: Trial of the Free Press, Brian Knappenberger, 2017

This stunning documentary is probably the most timely selection of this year’s program because of the current constant high level presentation of news as being fake and the dissemination of that view in the public and the further decline of the trust in communication at large and the press in particular. We observe a movement towards one dimensional communication and the attempt to systematically repress views which are alternative to what is held by governing policy makers. Freedom to express oneself without constraints on the individual and media level is one of the most important human rights and as shown in Orwell’s 1984 it is fundamental for the open society. Its abridgement is a condition for the movement towards an authoritarian state. Nobody Speaks presents two cases where freedom of the press and the first amendment are challenged by the billionaire Peter Thiel who successfully closed down the online tabloid Gawker. Thiel funded a successful lawsuit by Hulk Hogan against Gawker for publishing part of a sex tape depicting Hogan. Thiel was motivated to terminate Gawker because the tabloid had ousted him in past years as a homosexual. The second billionaire silencing a critical voice was casino mogul Sheldon Adelson who bought Nevada’s biggest independent newspaper the Las Vegas Review in 2015. A former columnist of this paper had been sued by Adelson for revealing that Adelson vending machine investments tied him to organized crime. Thiel and Adelson are strong supporters of the Trump presidency.  As the title of the documentary Nobody Speaks suggests, silencing the media by closing them down or preventing their critical articulation of controversial issues undermines the democratic order.


 Claus Mueller              

          Country Safety Coordinator For Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, And Djibouti (National Contract)   
Employer: Danish Refugee CouncilLocation: Africa Closing date: 14 Jul 2017 The Danish Refugee...

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          Amazing Story - Ethiopian Radio Program   

Amazing Story - Ethiopian Radio Program

          Top 10 Countries With Highest Christian Population   

Top 10 Countries With Highest Christian Population:

10. Ethiopia
9. Germany
8. Democratic Republic of the Congo
7. China
6. Nigeria
5. Philippines
4. Russia
3. Mexico
2. Brazil
1. USA

          The Agenda of Dismemberment of Ethiopia by the Oromo and the Tigrayan Thugs is now reactive! will You Compromise for it? GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethio Semay)   
The Agenda of Dismemberment of Ethiopia by the Oromo and the Tigrayan Thugs is now reactive! will You Compromise for it?
GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethio Semay)

Emperor Menlik of Ethiopia the African Hero who defeated the Fascist Italians in Adua

Before I start my commentary, I like to briefly address the rape crime of the Tigrayan-government occurred in Waldiba monastery.

I hope you heard the news from ESAT that the Tigrayan Fascist gangs are said to be raping the Amhara ethnic nuns who are living inside Waldiba monastery (listen to the video above- though, the back ground music unnecessarily added is nuisance to hear the interview clearly). Sad!

Do we have any answer so far, to the question ‘where Ethiopia is heading under these Tigrayan fascist thugs?!!!!!!!!??  

Hearing this, it is been hard to write anything now. It is shocking news for me. Let me take you slowly to my commentary, since it is shocking news ever heard in our history- even during Grang Ahmed or Italian colonialist era.

Forgive me for not using the Amharic language this time to address my commentary. I wrote this commentary in English to make sure the Oromo youths (who do not read Amharic) understand our arguments that their elites are leading them with fake nationalism to create another round of destruction and civil war in Ethiopia. It is been proven time after time as we speak, the elites will not be affected directly by the conflicts. Because they lived in Europe, USA and in the Arab countries with their families and millions of Oromo youth without sharing the Oromo sufferings in “practice”, but strangely, dampening the flames of ethnic conflict among our people from thousands of Miles away from home is what they are engaged.

So we advice the OLF and TPLF followers (educated or not- all walks of life) need to  understand that their organizations are in the business of ethnic cleansing politics by destroying Ethiopia, which they referred it as the land of “Amhara” and “Orthodox Christianity”.

Since 1991, Both OLF and TPLF attacked our flag referring it as “CherQ!” (OLF created its flag---- and TPLF painted a blue color and communist Star in the middle of our flag) intentionally to degrade the flag highly feared by colonialist.

The next was Orthodox Christianity. Amhara labeled as its protectorate. Tefera Waluwa/Sebhat and others speak of it “Orthodox is the cave for the Amhara, so need to be destroyed”.

The next target was the Amhara and all Ethiopian farmers. Nationalizing lands from the hands of the Ethiopian farmers is a well studied plan by TPLF (OLF) to refuse the Amhara from taking over the lands back to their hands again (Meles told the CIA Cohen).

The next step is the final blow, that is “dismantling Ethiopia” (the land of Amahra and Christians) which is now reactive by proclamation.

The recent proclamation of giving away Addis Abeba to the so called Oromo/Oromia/ by the Tigrayans in power is part of what I called it “Agenda 91”. It was a plan agreed to be controlled by OLF, if not by its surrogate OPDO. The OLF elites told us “Slowly, but “surely” we will control Addis”. And Assefa Jaleta and his likes of OLF vowed “once we control Addis (Finfine), we will open an exit corridor for the Amhara”.

Mohammed Hassen hailed as the theoretician of Oromo secession tells us:-

"The Amhara attitude was nourished by the specter of the disintegration of their empire for, without the resources of Oromia, Ethiopia cannot exist as a viable state.”

(Send to me with other historical documents and private chats referred it as “secret email to Getachew Reda: (from a very close friend of mine a hero and my teacher the late grandeur Aleme Eshete from Rome)

So as you see several evidences above; all these nihilist activities are linked targeting the Amhara.

The Tigray Fascits in power told Ethiopians ‘Addis Abab’belongs to the Oromo

When I heard the news from the Ethno-Fascist media three days ago that the capital city of Ethiopia Addis Abeba to be given to the so called ‘Oromo’ ethnic as their legitimate territory; I was in a state of shock, feeling annoyed, really angry even as I was writing this commentary. 

Perhaps you have read my previous commentaries {The Emergence of the Oromo and Tigre hegemony by Getachew Reda (Editor Ethiopian Semay 1/12/16}
And {The Border Lords of Tigre and Oromo Fascist gangs by Getachew Reda (Editor Ethiopian Semay (August 17/2016}

As I heard the news, the next day, I visited the Tigrayan ethno-fascist propaganda websites to see their reaction to the proclamation that their masters promulgated. Boy, was I not right! As usual, all of them accepted with no objection or rational analysis at all. Even they glamorized as a democratic step. Chilling! Horrifying! Isn’t it?

 Ethnic politics is a herd behavior. TPLF and OLF followers are bound together to accept anything that comes down to them from their herders. Large proportions of this ethnic herd are completely glued to their ethnic doctrine as their religion. They are not willing to examine the mind process injected into them. Therefore, this time particularly the Tigrayan Weyane puppets accepted the giving away of Addis Abeba and other large territories to the so called Oromia/Oromo/ as democratic and legitimate  decision; exactly as they accepted the Eritrean independence with no compromised, or hesitation, even when Meles Zenawi’s told them Eritrean question is a ‘colonial question’.

 They have no argument, but to accept with ululation. Now, some of their leaders (even ‘SEBHAT NEGA’) who fooled them are saying “it was mistakenly characterized as Colonial Question” and are demanding at least one sea ports should be given back to us as it is our legitimate land and right (Gebru, Tsadkan, T/Hailmanot and others..).
Now, these puppets are accepting the TPLF proclamation as a legitimate action. So we are dealing with human-herds that are completely ignorant and unaware to what is going on in the back ground of their organization.

So, my argument is now with you people that are not the herds of these ethno- groups. I am talking to you all Ethiopians beside these fools who compromise anything that comes to their table. So the question is do you believe there is an ethnic group called ‘Oromo’ who owns the ¾ of the Ethiopian territory, included the capital city of Ethiopia? If yes, let me hear your argument; if you say ‘no’ let me hear it also.

I am not here to please or displease any one. I am here to protect my beloved country, my people from being destroyed by the CIA and its surrogates (OLF/TPLF…) to alert my people to let them know what is coming towards them. I like to argue here with those who can argue with me rationally without any premature motion. So, let me present my argument regarding this issue of Oromo ownership of Addis or other territories if you are going to compromise for it or not.

Therefore, my argument is there is no such ethnic group or name called ‘Oromo’ who owns these vast lands inside Ethiopian territory. To begin with, who are these so called Oromo or Oromia?! I do not care if they want me to call them Oromo, I will call them, but, not taking lands claiming owned by Oromo and naming it Oromia. That is my point.

The territory they claimed and controlled already by the so called Oromo/Oromia belongs to all Ethiopians. Did you hear me? If they claimed they are owners of those territories, then I have a problem with it! Okay?

Let me ask you all my readers; have you ever read or heard such name before 1974 or during the king or kings/Queens, even before or after Axumite kingdom? No, never heard such/name/country/place(Oromo/Oromia). If so, where did it come from? Who created it? We have to ask rationally- Right?!

If these groups want us to believe such ethnic existed with a country/place/ called ‘Oromia’ we need to see it with historical evidence if such name exist in history? But, they can’t. There is none! Because, it is all made up, fabricated name and fabricated territory by the TPLF and OLF Mafiosi group who are all CIA supported elements.

We all know that, CIA and Italian fascists had been doing their dirty jobs behind the curtain- sometimes openly, sometimes covertly for a long time. We knew how CIA involved with Ethio/Eritrea issue and our Orthodox Christian institutions (we will comeback one day how Aba Paulos was called to Ethiopia after TPLF took over, and who was behind,and who is really Aba Paulos?) .

What is CIA? CIA is a secret spy agency in foreign lands to advance the interest of America. To carry its mission, it does secret-political-infiltration, kidnapping, psychological-warfare, through force and secret plots and even murder leaders of  countries and dismembering stable countries.
Ethiopia is now a target of CIA and the Arabs. Both penetrated through the corridors of their puppets “TPLF/OLF”. This is not new target. It is a chronic. We have heard from Tesfamichael Gorgio how the CIA launched a secret operation by Copeland in 1969 as he was first hand eye witness in the activity recruiting Isayas Afewerk as CIA puppet. The operation named “Seed Planting Progect” was a code name given to the CIA operation. That relation continued all the way to MaTsawa and Afabet operation against the Ethiopian Defense Army.

Remember, The Police spy chief during the king who is an Ethiopian by the name General Iyasu or Daniel (correct me if wrong. interview on Tobia or Menlik magazine (2001), the General told us “Paul Henze was our advisor for 27 months (1969-1972) while Isayas who was recruited by us to spy for Ethiopia in the Jungle was plotting with Richard Copeland in Asmara to break Eritrea to dismember Ethiopia”. Said our General Daniel. Those who are not familiar with the name ‘Paul Henze’; he was the TPLF right hand advisor. He is dead; taken by God’s power few years back.

So we know from two credible individuals (The Eritrean ‘Michael Gorgeo’ who got murdered by EPLF&TPLF coordinated plot in Addis Ababa after TPLF got to power) and our own General testifying that CIA is been involved in Ethiopia for a long time as we speak also.

 So, the present proclamation to give Addis Abeba to the Oromo as “legitimate owner” of the city is part of the process to dismember Ethiopia to create fragmented countries like Somalia and USSR. All this is happening under our moment of unawake by the CIA surrogates namely “OLF and TPLF”.

When TPLF allowed OLF to control those vast lands, TPLF already got for itself vast land for its Tigra Tigringi agenda.

{ “Thus aggrandized in the west and south , TPLF's Tigrai has been blown up from the traditional and official size of 65,000 sq. kms to 102,000 sq. kms "restoring" what the TPLF says was land taken away from Tigrai, on the basis of an entirely unfounded ,..”}  Aleme Eshete (as above)

Simultaneously, to progress its agenda of disintegration Ethiopia, TPLF allowed the 350,000 sq. kms or (now even more) of Ethiopian territory practically covering all of southern Ethiopia, carved-out through the force of arms by the TPLF surrogates to constitute CIA’s future "Republic of Oromia".

We can’t compromise or accept or look at it quietly to this national crime as minor step. This is an open-speedy colonial agenda to rape Ethiopia in a day light! At least we need to speak and leave a record inside the brain of the Ethiopian new generation that they need to confront such national crime and conspiracy by inside and outside enemies. There should be no any political compromise under any circumstances with such crime; not now, not tomorrow, not in the future! No compromise to the dismemberment of Ethiopia.

The proclamation asserted that Addis Abeba belongs to Oromo is historically fake. But when you see the steps that the Tigrayans taking one at time in the last 26 years in its power time, it is a well orchestrated agenda by (CIA behind the plan) leading the final blow by which Ethiopia is intended to be dissolved.

Will you Compromise?

Therefore, will you compromise to this conspiracy? Let us talk. To compromise is to decrease your value, your quality. In this sense, if you compromise Ethiopia under any pressure, you are weakening its dignity, its territory, and pride and history of our people. What it means is, if you give up the nation’s quality that is the end of the story! If you do compromise, it is not the Ethiopia that our ancestors left for us which was sealed and stamped with their blood and bone.

What I saw majority of the Ethiopian elites, particularly the opposition political leaders (most of them) have been lowering the value of the nation like a commodity for sale. In the last 26 years of Tigrayan and Oromo hegemony against Ethiopia sovereignty and dignity; compromising was their word of agenda in the mouth of the opposition. The more the opposition inside or the opposition outside Ethiopia compromise with these thugs; the thugs demanded more and more and more concession.

When we confronted the political leaders, and their followers and their media propagandists to stop compromising; they want to bow for it, because “for of that reason, or for this reason, or for unguaranteed compromise of ‘Give and Take’ negotiation”. By doing so, they discredit their pride; they discredit and dishonor the nation by risking a value in a way it reduces it. Many Ethiopian elites, be it they are in politics or by standards, they all bend or give-in to the pressure.

Ethiopia currently needs not some mediocre politicians who compromise with different sorts of enemies, but leaders and citizens who can resist “pressure”. I have been saying all along do not give in to it! Do not give in to the pressure, don’t compromise. Because, the more you compromise, the more you tolerate. That means you will always allow any harm that comes from enemy as accepted norm. You will start to say things that you never say before, so you can tolerate them. This is exactly what we are hearing in the opposition media like ESAT and other commentators and journalists all over using-name-of place/cities/towns/universities created by Ethiopia’s enemies. Adama/ Finfine/ Haromaya/ Biher… on and on…

They claimed “it is okay, no big deal, we are families, we are all Ethiopian, and we can talk or deal about those names when Weyane is gone…”. This how the opposition give-in to the propaganda pressure from the thuggish group and misguided the youngsters to use them for the rest of their life. The reason they tolerate them, is not because of the reason mentioned above; hey tolerate them, because they are afraid to confront them. What you do not realize is every time we tolerate something, we are compromise our value system.

This is how the opposition leaders, journalists, commentators, Internet, TV and radio media tolerate the crime and conspiracy of OLF/TPLF/EPLF/ONLF design in the name of tolerance (MECHACHAL). When the media and such groups use or tolerate the terms/ vocabularies/ names/flags designed by enemies, it demonstrates they are in agreement with it.

Scholars in such field will tell you, that the more you tolerate something, the greater chance of doing it yourself. That is why we see the Ethiopians opposition conferences seen decorated by Ethiopian flag together with the OLF/EPLF/ONLF flags. Strangely also, the audiences do not seem to be bothered by it- because; they are tuned to tolerate such conspiracy by leaders who are willing to give-in to pressure. By doing so, the opposition brought discredit to our flag, to the nation and to the God of Ethiopia who designed our flag.
The God of Ethiopia is calling you all for integrity to the flag and to the nation whom he protected her from various enemies!!!!!!!!! The God of Ethiopia in our religion might teach us to love the sinners, but we do not have to tolerate the sin. No compromise!!

These elites of ours are defusing our concentration, our quality by diluting enemies’ agenda into our business“. My mother used to run a popular Tela Bet business (our traditional beer) that was famous for its “concentration” quality (WEFRAM/GUSH). Many people loved it. They do not need to eat any breakfast/even lunch once they had two or three Menlik/ Wancha/ of it. If she saw the servant adding too much water in to the barrel, she stands up and stops her from adding too much water into it. Her objection is , ‘even though we can make money by adding too much water to the process, we should not do it; even if the process required adding water, once it loses its concentration (strength), the quality that people respect will be gone”. That is what she my mother used to say.

Yes, she is right. When you add water, it does what? It looses its concentration. That is what happens when you compromise; you begin to loose your concentration. By losing your focus/ originality, you become a diluted Ethiopian!!!! You become weaken, you loosen your strength. It is hard to go through a storm when your strength is gone!!!!!! It is hard to fight against the enemy when you are weaken and diluted. It is hard to deal with national crisis when you loose your concentration. All this is because you compromised to the enemy!!!!!!

The weakest groups in the political struggle in our opposition organization regardless they preached you they have a fighting army are those who are willing to compromise “principle” or fight enemy with no policy or principle.. They are defeated groups. Because they give-in their Ethiopian principle due to the pressure from those enemies. Respecting enemies’ flags and their agenda is a defeat!!
We can see where OLF/ONLF and others were few years back and where they are now. Now days,, they are touring with those who claimed Ethiopia groups (unity force)and allowed to brainwash, insult and disrespect Amhara or Ethiopia in-front of Ethiopian audiences. The Ethiopia audiences have now accepted the defeat. They are not in a state of judging what is right or wrong.   

This is because; our society is guided by defeated leaders. Our society is lead by chameleons! They adapt and blended to the enemy’s environment with no shame, thinking they are playing politics/tricks. Every time these political Chameleons are around with different groups of nihilists, you will see them transformed into one of them.

They speak the language of the enemy, they speak and exercise the conspiratorial terms framed by the enemies and they too use them. When you heard this with your own ears; to the extent, you will ask to yourself saying “Are these ours? Or theirs?” These are human chameleons. They acted like them, pleased every environment, they please enemies.

Worst of all, our people gather around them in every conference. When you sit too long with enemies eventually, no matter how much you resist, I guaranty you, you too will preach and talk the same thing the enemy talks and do. Dr.Getachew Begashaw (Doctor 0/zero/) is a typical example for this argument. Remember!? He was telling us OLF never demanded or fought for secession.

At the end I like to say this; - When an Ethiopia forms a binding relationship with none Ethiopian believer, it weakens his/her commitment, weakens character and lowers his/her standards. I do not know about you- as far as me, I can’t afford to loose concentration and allow myself to become a diluted Ethiopian. I have been going too much in my life to be weak right now at this point, so I decided, through hell or high water, I WILL NOT COMPROMISE!!!!!! If you call yourself Ethiopian, you are going to have to bring-up yourself where I am. I am not saying, I am better than anybody else, but, I refused to lower myself by compromising my country that my father served, fought and die.

The agenda and the conspiracy of dismemberment of Ethiopia by TPLF & OLF that we patiently observe for the last 26 years are national crime and sin.  We don’t hate these sinners, but, we don’t have to tolerate their sin. No compromise, through hell or high water!

Getachew Reda (Editor Ethiopian Semay)


          Vechtpartij met 100-tal migranten in Calais   

In de industriezone van de Noord-Franse stad Calais zijn zaterdag ruim honderd migranten slaags geraakt. Volgens de lokale autoriteiten gaat het om een conflict tussen Eritreeërs en Ethiopiërs. Minstens zestien mensen zijn gewond geraakt.

          Coffee Museum - Chikmagalur   
If you are from India, especially from South India, you would most likely love coffee. Once you wake up and smell the coffee, it's hard to go back to sleep, right? A Turkish proverb states "Coffee should be black as hell, strong as death and sweet as love."

Chikmagalur, one of the most loveliest places of India, is the true land of coffee. There is a unique Coffee Museum located in Chikmagalur.

Coffee Museum is an initiative by the Coffee Board of India. This museum offers many interesting aspects of coffee in terms of its history as well as tradition.

A very interesting documentary directed by the Cine director Rajeev Menon is on display. The documentary talks about the origin and growth of coffee in India.

The museum is co-located with the training center in a lush greenery place. The vibrant and colorful posters depict various information about Coffee. One particular poster depicts the Cofee map of India, which gives us an insight of the traditional areas where coffee is grown.

In the evaluation center, the staff explains us the process of evaluation of the coffee beans and how the final product is produced.

We get to see varieties of coffee seeds based on their regions, qualities and other classifications. The sample machines that are used in the coffee industry are also on display.

The highlights of Coffee history as displayed in the museum.

  • Coffee berry was accidentally discovered in Ethiopian highlands in 850 BCE. 
  • In 1000 CE, the Arabian traders brought coffee to their land. 
  • In 1475 CE, Kiva Han, the world's first coffee shop was opened in Turkey.
  • The Turkish law allowed the women to divorce their husbands, if they failed to provide them with coffee.
  • In 1600s, the coffee houses became intellectual forums. They were called as Penny Universities.
  • In 1675 CE, the Sufi saint Baba Budan planted seven seeds of Mocha in Chandragiri hills of Chikmagalur. The saga of Indian Coffee began with this incident.
  • In 1690 CE, the Dutch smuggled coffee plants and cultivated commercially in Ceylon and Java.
  • In 1773 CE, the British brought coffee to the USA.
  • In 1820 CE the British setup commercial plantations in India.
  • In 1882 CE, the prototype of the first espresso machine was made in France.
  • In 1906 CE, the first mass produced instant coffee was created by George Constant Washington, an English Chemist. This brand was called as Read E Coffee.
  • L.C.Coleman could be considered as the Father of organised coffee research in India. He established the Mysore Coffee Experimental Station in Chikmagalur in 1925 CE. 
  • In 1938 CE, Nescafe instant coffee was invented. 
  • In 1942 CE, the Coffee Board was established. 

Happy travelling.

          Comment on 70,000 Witness Ancient Demonic Apparition in the Sky by Jimmy Jones   
My understanding is the King James version has also been corrupted, including slight translation differences that have some pretty big meaning differences, as well as many text not even included. I have heard the Ethiopian bible is the fullest, least corrupted text, but who really knows? I pray daily for Wisdom from the Spirit of Truth on this matter.
          Ethiopia’s Dr Tedros takes office as WHO Director-General   
Former Ethiopian health minister, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, has assumed office as Director-General of the World Health Organization, succeeding Dr Margaret Chan, who has held office since 1 January 2007. The Director-General is WHO’s chief technical and administrative officer and oversees the policy for the Organization’s international health work. Dr Tedros was elected on 23 […]
          5 new female MPs who have had fascinating journeys to Westminster   

New MPs

The 2017 general election produced a record number of female MPs, with 208 out of the 650 MPs now women, overtaking the 196 female MPs returned in 2015.

Over half of these women, 119, are Labour MPs, with 67 being part of the Conservative minority government. The prime minister and home secretary are both women, as are the shadow home secretary and shadow foreign secretary.

However, the proportion of female MPs currently stands at 32%, which is clearly way off from reflecting the national population as a whole. Staggeringly, the 2015 election was the first time ever that the total number of female MPs Britain has ever had overtook the number of men in that single parliament.

Sam Smethers, chief executive of women's rights group the Fawcett Society, told Business Insider that British politics has been "embarrassingly slow" in moving towards fairer representation for women in Westminster.

"The number of women MPs in parliament has broken the 200 barrier for the first time," Smethers told us.

"But while this is progress the fact remains that just 32% of our MPs are women, up from 30% before the election. We are moving forward at a snail's pace and this is embarrassingly slow.

"It is time for a radical new approach. We have to legislate to require the parties to select at least 45% women candidates."

Clearly, there is still work to be done. In the meantime, here is a handful of new female MPs who have had interesting journeys to Westminster.

Preet Gill, Labour, Birmingham Edgbaston.

Succeeding Gisela Stuart in being MP for Edgbaston was seen by many to be a tall order, and many thought it would be one of the marginal seats to go Tory from Labour in 2017. Stuart was a high profile leave campaigner, while her replacement Preet Gill backed remain. Nevertheless, Gill ended up increasing Labour's vote by more than 10% to become Britain's first ever female Sikh MP. Gill has previously been featured on a list of top 10 Sikh women in the UKfor the work she has done pushing women from BAME backgrounds into politics.

Kemi Badenoch, Conservative, Saffron Walden.

A Tory MP with a 24,000 majority in rural Essex might not seem particularly surprising, but Kemi Badenoch is someone who has experienced all sides of life. She worked at McDonald's as a teenager and went on to become The Spectator's head of digital. Badenoch was previously a London Assembly member and backed Brexit in last year's referendum.

She told the Evening Standard that Labour thinks "it owns minorities" and that they think race is everything.

"It's: ‘You’re black, this is what you care about’. But identity is multi-faceted. I’m black but I’m also a woman, a Mum. They talk about a ‘black community’ — there’s nothing really like that. People have the same issues wherever they come from. Schools. Hospitals," she told the Standard.

Layla Moran, Liberal Democrat, Oxford West and Abingdon.

Astonishingly, Layla Moran is the first Lib Dem MP to be female from a minority background. On a night of electoral mediocrity, gaining Oxford West and Abingdon was one of the few highlights for the Lib Dems, won after a campaign focusing on opposing Brexit in a heavily remain-voting constituency. Moran is also the first MP to be of Palestinian descent, her mother being from Jerusalem. She has lived in Belgium, Greece, Ethiopia, Jamaica and Jordan and speaks four languages including Arabic and Greek.

Emma Dent Coad

Emma Dent Coad, Labour, Kensington.

One of the shocks of the election was the Labour gain of the Tory safe seat of Kensington by just 20 votes. 62-year old Emma Dent Coad was the winner that night, but her elation at victory soon turned to horror at the Grenfell Tower fire, which happened in her constituency. The tragedy happened just four days into her tenure as an MP, but she dealt with the disaster as if she was an experienced MP.

In her maiden speech on June 22 she said: "The burnt carcass of Grenfell Tower speaks for itself, and has revealed the true face of Kensington. The mask has dropped. We have poverty, malnutrition, overcrowding, poor maintenance and, underlying this, a lack of care. The people who have been failed want justice and accountability, and an honest and transparent process to achieve it."

Marsha de Cordova, Labour, Battersea.

In one of the signs that election night was not going the way Theresa May had planned, Battersea went from being a safe Tory seat to Labour. Marsha de Cordova became the London constituency's first Labour MP since 2010, overseeing a 9 point swing. De Cordova is registered as blind after being born with the eye condition nystagmus, and was previously chief executive of the South East Vision charity, which aims to help those with vision impairments.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Douglas Carswell: This is why Brexit will be good for the UK

          Ethiopians ready to have a ball in Renton: ‘Soccer is the vehicle of bringing everybody together’   

Starting Sunday, more than 30,000 people with Ethiopian ties will be in Renton for a weeklong soccer tournament that also offers a cherished celebration of Ethiopian culture through music, food and dance.
          Birthday Facts About September 27, 1995 You Need To Know   
What day was my birthday Sep 27, 1995? September 27, 1995 was a Wednesday and it was the 270th day of the year 1995. The next time you can reuse your old 1995 calendar will be in 2017. Both calendars will be exactly the same! This is assuming you are not interested in the dates for Easter and other irregular holidays that are based on a lunisolar calendar. What happened on my birthday – Sep 27? These were the events that made history that coincide with your birthday. 1908 The first production of the Ford Model T automobile was built at the Piquette Plant in Detroit. 1916 Iyasu V is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zewditu. 1937 Bali tiger declared extinct. 1964 The British TSR-2 aircraft XR219 makes its maiden flight from Boscombe Down in Wiltshire. 1993 The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia. 1998 The Google internet search engine retrospectively claims this as its birthday. 2000 The first Olympic Gold Medal ever for taekwondo was won by Greek athlete Michail Mouroutsos in men’s -58 kg division in Sydney. 2003 SMART-1 satellite is launched. 2007 NASA launches the Dawn probe. 2015 A total lunar eclipse takes place during a supermoon visible across much of the world. What was the number one song on my birthday? The number-one hit song in the U.S. at the day of your birth was Fantasy by Mariah Carey as compiled by Billboard Hot 100 (September 30, 1995). Ask your parents if they know this popular song.
          Famous People With “Haile Selassie”   
Born 1892-07-23. Haile Selassie, Ethiopian emperor (d. 1975)
          Food: When Virender Sehwag sold me Ethiopian food   
India’s scintillating march to the ICC Champions Trophy 2017 final got me glued to the televis
          Netizen Report: Trump Win Triggers Safety and Surveillance Fears   
US activists weather wave of post-election social media harassment, Ethiopia blocks Global Voices, and the UK finally passes the much-maligned Snoopers Charter.
          "Ethiopia has to withdraw to all pre-May 6, 1998, positions. This has to be verified independently." - Yemane Gebremeskel   
"Ethiopia has to withdraw to all pre-May 6, 1998, positions. This has to be verified independently." - Yemane Gebremeskel
          Mkurugenzi Mkuu mpya wa WHO Dk Tedros aanza majukumu rasmi   
Hii leo Julai mosi, Dk Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus amenza kazi rasmi akiwa Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa shirika la afya ulimwenguni WHO, akichukua nafasi ya Dk Margaret Chan ambaye ameshikilia wahdifa huo kwa miaka kumi. Dk Tedros mzaliwa wa Ethiopia, atakayeshikilia wadhifa huo kwa miaka mitano, alichaguliwa na nchi wanachama katika uchaguzi wa baraza kuu la WHO [...]
          Matthews Compares Trump to Ethiopian Dictator… Suggests He Murder Kushner [VIDEO]   
MSNBC’s Chris Wallace is in need of some serious meds and a straight jacket. Seriously. Yesterday, after President Trump’s two tweets slapping at Joe Scarborough and Mika Brzezinski, Wallace said some incredibly disturbing things on Hardball. He compared the President to communist Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam. He also told Trump to channel Benito Mussolini [...]
          Comment on Ethiopian Woman’s Family in Vancouver (Canada) Pleading for Help Finding a Bone Marrow Donor by EthiopiaOnline   
Dear Dagi, Even if we (EthiopiaOnline) are not sure about the possibility, Elsa and here family are looking for a donor all over the world - thus we kindly ask you to contact Elsa's family directly. Here are the social network accounts from which you can contact Elsa: - Facebook: - Twitter: Please contact her. We thank you in advance
          Comment on Ethiopian Woman’s Family in Vancouver (Canada) Pleading for Help Finding a Bone Marrow Donor by Dagi   
Is there any possibility to donate from hear in Ethiopia?
          Comment on Ethiopian Woman’s Family in Vancouver (Canada) Pleading for Help Finding a Bone Marrow Donor by yohannes   
God bless you
          Comment on Watch TV Series Yema’ebel Wanategnoch 9 by Senselet Drama Season 1 Episode 01 (Senselet Part 1) | EthiopiaOnline   
[…] Yema’ebel Wanategnoch 9 […]
          Comment on Watch Ketezegaw Dose Part 29: “Yemelekiaw Dibebekosh Chewata” by Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 75 (Meleket Part 75) | EthiopiaOnline   
[…] Watch Ketezegaw Dose Part 29: “Yemelekiaw Dibebekosh Chewata” […]
          Comment on Watch Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 74 (Meleket Part 74) by Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 75 (Meleket Part 75) | EthiopiaOnline   
[…] Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 74 (Meleket Part 74) […]
          Comment on Beauty and Color: Scenes From Ethiopia by Archaeologists in Ethiopia Uncover Ancient City in Harlaa   
[…] Beauty and Color: Scenes From Ethiopia […]
          Comment on Watch Betoch Part 180 – “Shilmat” by Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 74 (Meleket Part 74) | EthiopiaOnline   
[…] Watch Betoch Part 180 – “Shilmat” […]
          Comment on Watch Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 73 (Meleket Part 73) by Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 74 (Meleket Part 74) | EthiopiaOnline   
[…] Watch Meleket Drama Season 2 Episode 73 (Meleket Part 73) […]
          Comment on Ethiopian Runners Buze Diriba and Muktar Edris Came Victorious at Boost Boston Games by Ethiopian, Moroccan Runners Dominated NAS Ramadan Sports   
[…] Ethiopian Runners Buze Diriba and Muktar Edris Came Victorious at Boost Boston Games […]
          Ethiopian Food "How to Make Gomen Besiga" የጎመን በስጋ አሰራር   

የማማዬ ምግብ አሰራር በፅሁፍ ሄሎ ሀበሻ ላይ ታገኛላችሁ
ሄሎ ሀበሻ ላይ የፈለጋችሁትንም ጥያቄ መጠየቅ ትችላላችሁ ሊንኩን ክስር ይጫኑ
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          Up On It   
itunes pic
A cat I work with at UPS is a musician, a drummer matter a fact. In his car is pure gospel CDs except for one which is Common Finding Forever. I ask him if he ever heard of Lupe Fiasco which he hadn't. He was interested in what Mos Def was doing. I then asked him bout Nas and Estelle and he got open so I said I would make him a CD. I usually just compile a playlist and burn it but for the sake of hip-hop I, did this mix-tape. More time I just do the comps because doing a tracked mix tape can be a pregnant poodle. GarageBand drive me up 4 walls. Through God's grace and my diligence I was able to figure out Audacity where I recorded a file and labeled the sections where the songs segued and then exported them as mp3s. NICE. I'm a big advocate for Serato so this is the first mixtape I ever made using the 1 turntable/reverse input functionality. Lots a youth in my crew use Serato, but dem nuh know dem style ya. It ain't really nuttin 2 it, but you may feel like you going against the rules of turntablism. It takes skill and practice and in the future will save you money on acquiring a second turntable or servicing the one thats dead. That necessity led me to figure how to make this work. This mix is going out to everybody who still love hip-hop even though mad ish has changed in the music, the business, the culture and the tolerance. Off the dome I always big up Daz who does his thing on the podCastes and no beg no apology from nuh bwoy. Tomas the original nuffist. T-Pain, Kanye, Estelle, Kardinal, Vybz Kartel, Busy Signal, Carmelita, Zuri Elle, Ahmad Jamal, Culture D, Hier, max Glaze, Scrath Fame, Kenny Mizzle, the whole Kingston 6, 3 mile, Portmore, Waterhouse, Wembley Middlesex, Mt. Washington, Austin, Silverlake, Austria, Latvia, Napoli, fat girls, white girls with mexican colors in the hair, teenagers with throwback high top fades, '64 cadilac, Lil Wayne, Black Thought, Rozell, DMLD, Uncle Rock, The Boogie, The Ville, Shady, Universal B-Boys, fuzzy, Dj Dusk, J-Rocc, Babs, Coleman, B+, Vargas, BLove, bad words, humorous racism, actual activism, applicable faith, Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbab, Ethiopia, Elijah, Nazareth, Seven, Saturn, Rhythm, and Puma. I didn't forget anybody; I just didn't write everybody name like Marv-Ski, Lumumba, Nature, and Mona Lisa.
          The ancient North Africans.   
I was looking about for classical descriptions of Egyptians and Libyans. Where the term Libyan is used, it refers to Caucasian North Africans, Ethiopian is the classical term for black Africans, at one point Herodotus writes about the the Ethiopians that live in parts … Continue reading
          CAF League: Sundowns, Esperance, Sahel advance   

    Title-holders Mamelodi Sundowns of South Africa and Esperance and Etoile Sahel of Tunisia became the first qualifiers for the Caf Champions League quarter-finals Saturday. Gangling Liberian Anthony Laffor scored five minutes from time to earn Sundowns a 1-0 Group C victory over Saint George of Ethiopia in a packed 30 000-capacity Addis Ababa […]

The post CAF League: Sundowns, Esperance, Sahel advance appeared first on New Telegraph Online.

          Kim McCuster, Jojokhala Mei, Kim Farinah and Linda Yohanness   
SAfm — Kim McCuster kick-starts the show talking about her book “Scarred-But Not for Life”; Jojokhala Mei (uncle to prolific Zakes Mda) reviews Rayda Jacob’s latest title “Joonie”; Print On Media’s Kim Farinah talks about the goings on behind this publishing house then lastly, Linda Yohanness (Ethiopian Writer) lets us in on her world as a writer.
          Erica op Reis :: Ethiopië   

          This woman spent five years in Saudi prison - Listen to her Story   

This is the story of an Ethiopian woman who spent 5 years for something she didn't do because of her employer.

She said listen to my story and learn.

          Police investigation report on the person who have been hijacking virgins - Part 2   

Police investigation report on the person who have been hijacking virgins in Ethiopia. 

This is part two of the story.

          Tsehay Gashaw shared Ewen Le Borgne's group on Facebook   
Tsehay Gashaw shared Ewen Le Borgne's group on Facebook

          Africa: New WHO Chief, Ghebreyesus, Takes Office -

Africa: New WHO Chief, Ghebreyesus, Takes Office
Tedros Ghebreyesus, who was recently elected the World Health Organization's, WHO Director-General, resumed for a 5 years term Saturday. Mr. Ghebreyesus, an Ethiopian medical doctor, was nominated by the Government of Ethiopia and is the first African ...

and more »

          Описание сортов кофе   
JAMAICA BLUE MOUNTAIN (ЯМАЙКА БЛЮ МАУНТИН) JAMAICA BLUE MOUNTAIN (ЯМАЙКА БЛЮ МАУНТИН) Кофе «Jamaica Blue Mountain», бесспорно, является одним из лучших сортов кофе, который растет на острове Ямайка в Карибском море. Кофе «Jamaica Blue Mountain» - это ямайский кофе, которым восхищаются знатоки во всем мире. Вкус его получается таким же насыщенным и приятным, как и аромат. Но не выпивайте его за раз - наслаждайтесь им в течение 20 минут. Этот кофе - большая редкость, большое сокровище, король кофейных зерен. Этот кофе большинство знатоков считает самым лучшим в мире. Его выращивают на небольших плантациях, расположенных на прилегающих к вершине Голубой горы участках склона на высоте более 1500 м. над уровнем моря. Обладает тонким изящным ароматом, полным богатым вкусом с легкими винными нотками. Напиток – насыщенный, с долгим и приятным послевкусием. Букет богатый, хорошо сбалансированный. Утонченный и нежный, с неповторимым вкусом и ярким ароматом он обладает неуловимым ореолом престижности и стоит в одном ряду с самыми дорогими автомобилями, спиртными напитками и лучшими швейцарскими часами.   KENYA AA ESTATE (КЕНИЯ) Кения  - восточноафриканская колыбель кофе. Лучшие кенийские сорта кофе продаются не просто под знаком «AA» или «AB». Их продают исключительно на аукционах и исключительно покупателю, предложившему самую высокую цену. И надо заметить, что на этих аукционах разгорается нешуточная конкуренция за кофе, благодаря чему и цены на него значительно вырастают. Кофе в стране выращивают по строгим правилам, проводят постоянные исследования, контроль качества. Даже мелкие фермеры знают своё дело превосходно. Награда этому - репутация кенийского кофе как одного из самых лучших в мире. Качество кофе находится под неусыпным контролем Департамента кофе Кении, который находится в Найроби. Он проводит проверку и маркировку каждого мешка зёрен. Мешки, на которых стоит отметка «АА», содержат кофе высшего качества. Его приобретают особые дилеры, поставляющие его гурманам. В общем, кенийский кофе можно описать так - отчётливая индивидуальность вкусового букета, ягодные, лимонные или апельсиновые вкусовые оттенки, высокая кислотность, истинные ценители любят кенийский кофе именно за его «кислинку». С каждой новой чашкой и даже с каждым глотком в нём можно уловить новые нотки, новые ароматы.   PANAMA BERLINA SHB (ПАНАМСКИЙ КОФЕ) Лучший кофе из Панамы. Впервые кофе завезли в Панаму в 1761 году. Главные районы производства кофе расположены на севере страны на грани¬це с Коста-Рикой, а также на тихоокеан¬ском побережье. Местные плантаторы утверждают, что панамская арабика обладает особыми качествами. Это связано с географическим положением Панамы - земли, которая разъединяет два великих континента. Кофе имеет приятный сбалансированный вкус и яркие, насыщенные фруктовые тона.    ETHIOPIAN YIRGACHEFFE (ЭФИОПИЯ ИРГОЧИФ) Кофе арабика с южной части Эфиопии. Его считают лучшим из эфиопских сортов арабики. По своим характеристикам этот кофе совпадает с сортом Эфиопия «Сидамо», но вкус более нежный, с душистым винным привкусом. Относится к мягким сортам кофе. ETHIOPIAN SIDAMO (ЭФИОПИЯ СИДАМО) Эфиопский кофе имеет очень разнообразную вкусовую гамму - в нём можно различить оттенки лимона, шоколада, вина, цветочный привкус, нежный и мягкий ароматический букет. По вкусовым качествам знатоки относят его к лучшим мировым сортам кофе. Выращивают его на горных плато южной Эфиопии. Он проходит мокрую обработку. Имеет особый индивидуальный винный вкус с фруктовым оттенком, но более выраженный и насыщенный по сравнению с другими эфиопскими сортами. Настой густой. Долгое послевкусие. Аромат тонкий, ярко выраженный, с фруктовым оттенком, запахом имбиря, апельсинов, абрикосов, мятного лимона, присутствуют оттенки карамели и шоколада.   HONDURAS MARCALA (КОФЕ ИЗ ГОНДУРАСА) Кофе был завезен в Гондурас из Саль¬вадора. После заморозков в Бразилии 1975 года его производство в этой стране стремительно выросло и составляет сей¬час ежегодно около 70 тысяч тонн. Южноамериканский сорт. Похож на колумбийский, но имеет более горький вкус с легкой кислинкой. Кофе средней крепости с винным привкусом и ярко выраженным ароматом.   NICARAGUA MATAGALPA EP (НИКАРАГУА МАТАГАЛЬПА) Центральноамериканский высококачественный сорт. Аромат  достаточно сбалансированный, с шоколадными оттенками. Вкус кисловатый, полный. PERU FAIR TRADE ORGANIC (КОФЕ ИЗ ПЕРУ) Сложный деликатный аромат, насыщенный цветочными и фруктовыми оттенками, с небольшой кислинкой, присутствуют оттенки красного вина и шоколада. Считается одним из лучших перуанских сортов, так как он имеет нежный, приятный и сладковатый с малой доли кислотности вкус. Помимо всего прочего, он обладает приятным послевкусием, с привкусом корицы и яблока. EL SALVADOR SANTA RITA SHB (ЭЛЬ САЛЬВАДОР САНТА РИТА) Это изумительный горный кофе. Кофе богат всевозможными ароматами, например, его, отличает сладковато-цветочный аромат с привкусом какао. Во рту остается цветочное послевкусие с хорошо различимым фруктовым привкусом. Напиток получается густым и сладковатым с умеренной кислотностью. По мере того как кофе остывает, в кружке у него появляется очень приятный мягкий привкус миндаля. PAPUA NEW GUINEA (ПАПУА НОВАЯ ГВИНЕЯ) Этот кофе имеет историю не менее интересную, чем вкус. В 1927 году саженцы с синей горы Jamaian, были перевезены на гористые склоны Guniea's Papau, 5000 - 6000 м. над уровнем моря. Саженцы развивались в хорошей почве и родили кофе с более сложным и богатым вкусом, чем самый наилучший в мире Ямайский кофе (Jamaica Blue Mountain). Это невероятный по своему качеству кофе из жаркого климата Папуа Новой Гвинеи имеет острый привкус манго и папайи, он также вполне сбалансированный, с превосходной кислотностью, острым ореховым запахом и чистым вкусом. Этот кофе является по истине, одним из наилучших сортов в мире. GUATAMALAN ANTIGUA (ГВАТЕМАЛА АНТИГУА) Кофе - основная сельскохозяйственная культура этой Центральноамериканской страны. В этой стране кофейные деревья выращивают в огромных по площади частных владениях, называемых гасиендами, на нескольких тысячах мелких ферм финкас, принадлежащих ладинос (потомкам европейцев). Кроме этого, кофе растят и индейцы, сажая его на маленьких клочках земли, разбросанных повсюду. Гватемальский кофе оценивается независимыми экспертами как один из самых лучших в мире. В отличие от однотипных сортов, произрастающих в Коста-Рике, в Гватемале наблюдается их большое разнообразие. Кофе имеет разные вкусовые качества в зависимости от района выращивания, хотя основные черты в этой стране присущи всем его видам: средняя или густая консистенция напитка, отличная сбалансированность с хорошим сочетанием кислотности и дополнительных оттенков копченого, пряного и шоколадного вкуса. Один из лучших сортов гватемальского кофе носит название древней столицы этого государства, основанного конкистадорами и разрушенного землетрясением 1773г. - "Антигуа". INDIAN MONSOONED MALABAR (МЛАБАРСКИЙ МУССОН) Пожалуй, самый интересный индийский сорт кофе  - это обрабатываемый сухим методом Малабарский Муссон (Monsooned coffee). Муссонный кофе имеет свою историю. В первой половине XX в. кофе из Индии в Европу перевозили парусниками. Перевозка, как правило, занимала несколько месяцев. За это время зерна подвергались длительному воздействию влажного морского воздуха, что приводило к изменению их цвета и вкуса. Зеленые зерна становились желтыми, а их вкус - сладковатым. Когда на смену парусникам пришли пароходы, и период перевозки резко сократился по времени, заказчики стали получать зеленый кофе. Но вкус желтых зерен нравился им больше. Поэтому было решено воспроизвести процесс влажной обработки зерен, который получил название «монсунинг» (monsooning). В мае-июне - сезон муссонов в Индии - зерна кофе помещают под навесы. Толщина слоя рассыпанных зерен при этом не должна превышать 20 см. Зерна лежат под навесом 5 дней. Затем кофе упаковывают в мешки, которые складывают горкой, чтобы муссон обдувал их со всех сторон. Эту горку мешков разбирают раз в неделю в течение 7 недель, до тех пор, пока зерна не поменяют цвет и вкус. Для этого кофе характерны низкая кислотность, широкий диапазон вкусов от аромата фруктовых деревьев с винными тонами, до орехово-шоколадных оттенков. Изумительный насыщенный неповторимый кофе.   BOLIVIAN ORGANIC (КОФЕ БОЛИВИИ) Кофейные деревья культивируются в этой стране уже давно. Катастрофические замо¬розки в Бразилии в 1975 году дали мощ¬ный толчок местному кофейному производству, в результате в следующем году сбор кофе в стране составил 16 тысяч тонн. Лучшие зерна получают на высоко¬горных плантациях (обычно 200—700 метров над уровнем моря). Вкус сбалансированный, насыщенный, присутствуют легкие вишневые тона. Идеально подходит для смеси из разных сортов.   COLOMBIAN SUPREMO (КОЛУМБИЙСКИЙ КЛАССА ПРЕМИУМ) Один из самых лучших в мире видов кофе. Его выращивают на склонах Анд на высоте 1500-1800 м. над уровнем моря. Он обладает тонким ярко выраженным ароматом и мягким, слегка винным вкусом. Настой крепкий средней кислотности. Хорошо сочетается с любыми сортами кофе. Колумбийский кофе в больших количествах продают на рынках всего мира. Можно даже сказать, что «колумбийский кофе» стал синонимом «хорошему кофе». Но это верно лишь отчасти. Вкус колумбийского кофе сбалансирован, кофе обладает хорошей крепостью, кислинкой и ароматом.   COLOMBIAN MESA ORGANIC (КОЛУМБИЙСКИЙ МЕСА ОРГАНИК) Интригующий, редкий кофе с богатым ореховым запахом и приятным цветочно-фруктовым ароматом.   COSTA RICAN TARRAZU SHB (КОСТАРИКАНСКИЙ КОФЕ - КОСТА-РИКА ТАРРАЗУ) Центральноамериканский сорт арабики. Кофе, выращенный на плантациях на высоте больше, чем 4500 м. над уровнем моря. Отличный кофе. Аромат ярко выраженный. Вкус горьковато-вяжущий, насыщенный. Латиноамериканцы говорят - «Хороший мексиканский кофе - это бодрящий кофе, а хороший коста-риканский кофе - это жгучий кофе».   GUATEMALA HUEHUETENANGO (ГВАТЕМАЛА ХУЕХУЕТЕНЕНГО) Центральноамериканский сорт. Имеет ярко выраженный острый вкус, большую кислотность и особенный, с привкусом дыма, аромат. Приятный, глубокий сложный запах вишни и шоколада. Настой крепкий. Хорошо сочетается с мягкими сортами кофе.   BRAZILIAN ARABICA (БРАЗИЛЬСКАЯ АРАБИКА) Это - потрясающий кофе из Бразилии. Кофе обладает нейтральной характеристикой - мягкий аромат, воплотивший в себя средний вкус без значительной кислотности.   MEXICAN ALTURA HG (МЕКСИКАНСКИЙ АЛЬТУРА) Этот кофе произрастает на плантациях горы Сьерры Мадре. Это кофе для тех, кто предпочитает черный кофе, с ярко выраженными винными оттенками. Кофе имеет привкус пряной травы, с фруктово-ягодными нотками. Кислотность низкая, вкус сбалансированный. SUMATRA GAYOLAND (КОФЕ С ОСТРОВА СУМАТРА GAYOLAND) Этот чрезвычайно редкий кофе производят на частных небольших семейных плантациях менее чем три акра по величине,  кофе растет рядом с полями, на которых выращивают пряности, специи и другие продовольственные посевы. От этого вкус и запах этого кофе приобретает неповторимые ни с чем не сравнимые оттенки. В кофе присутствуют пряные, травянистые сухие запахи. Этот кофе впитал в себя весь цветочный букет климата, в котором растет. Кофе умеренной кислотности, крепкий, насыщенный. С ярко выраженным послевкусием. Очень редкий и удивительный кофе. SUMATRA MANDHELING GR1 (СУМАТРА МАНДЕЛИН) Очень редкий сорт кофе, с частных высокогорных плантаций острова Суматра, Индонезия. Этот кофе подвергают «сухой» обработке - плоды кофе (вишни) сушат под солнцем, а затем вручную отделяют зерна. Этот сорт выращивается в районе Манделин, и по праву считается одним из вкуснейших индонезийских сортов. Имеет терпкий, насыщенный вкус с вино-орехово-хлебным привкусом, и сильным ароматом. Настой насыщенный. Букет комплексный, с преобладанием орехово-земляных тонов. ESPRESSO Смесь из 5 сортов кофе, специально для любителей эспрессо. Сочетает в себе богатый вкус и освежающий эффект. DARK ROAST BLEND Смесь из 6 сортов кофе, латиноамериканских, азиатских, и африканских. Сочетает в себе цветочные, фруктовые и шоколадно-ореховые тона. BREAKFAST BLEND (ДЛЯ ЗВТРАКА) Смесь из разных сортов кофе, латиноамериканских, азиатских, и африканских. Наиболее подходящие для начала вашего трудового дня.                                 KOPI LUWAK (КОПИ ЛЮВАК) – самый редкий и дорогой кофе в мире. Как известно, в мире существуют такие сорта кофе, о которых слышали очень многие почитатели этого напитка, но попробовать которые мало кому удается. Выпить НАСТОЯЩИЙ редкий сорт кофе, да к тому же хорошо сваренный - такая же удача, как простому смертному получить автограф звезды из первых рук. Как вы полагаете, из чего производят самый элитный и дорогой в мире кофе? Из определенного сорта кофе? А вот и нет - его производят из переваренных и вышедших из кишечника зверька рода виверр кофейных зерен. Речь идет о знаменитом сорте кофе «Kopi Luwak», которому нет равных по редкости и цене. Ежегодно в мире собирается не более 250 кг. этого редкого кофе. Считается, что свой оригинальный вкус он имеет благодаря весьма необычному способу ферментации кофейного зерна и его сбору. “Копи Лювак” продают по сверхвысокой для этого продукта цене - 75 долларов за четверть фунта, т.е. где-то за 60 граммов. Родом этот кофе из Индонезии - он произрастает на островах Ява, Суматра и Сулавеси. «Kopi» по-индонезийски означает «кофе», а «Luwak» - это небольшое животное, разновидность циветты, зверька семейства виверровых. Лювак живет на деревьях и является мелким хищником. А еще, он очень любит зёрна кофе, причем выбирает самые спелые и ароматные. Этого любителя кофе считали вредителем до тех пор, пока кто-то не догадался зарабатывать на нём огромные деньги. Дело в том, что лювак съедает намного больше зерен, чем способен переварить. Непереваренные зерна кофе, которые проходят через пищеварительную систему Лювака, претерпевают некоторую обработку его энзимами. В результате вкус зерен меняется. Так появляется на свет «Kopi Luwak». Этот сорт кофе обладает редким карамельным оттенком, пахнет шоколадом и определенно является напитком богов. Высокая цена на этот редкий сорт установлена также и в связи с тем, что объем его производства чрезвычайно мизерный. Наш кофе поставляется с частной небольшой плантации, где разводят этих зверьков специально для получения кофе «Kopi Luwak». На снимках вы можете видеть процесс обработки, сортировки и упаковки  кофе, а так же сертификат подлинности продукта и его качества.
          Brexit: UK says zero duty stays for 48 states   
The UK government has said it will continue to offer duty free access to the world’s least developed countries including Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Rwanda whatever the outcome of its Brexit negotiations with the European Union. London will also offer to “promote” exports which do not meet the....
          New WHO chief takes office   

The new head of the World Health Organization , Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus from Ethiopia, took office on Saturday, succeeding Dr. Margaret Chan from Hong Kong who had held office since January 2007. Dr. Tedros was elected the new WHO director-general at the 70th World Health Assembly in May, becoming the first African ever to head the UN health agency.

          European Investment Bank confirms $247 million Euro private...   

Small business across Ethiopia will benefit from a new 6.4 billion Birr lending and leasing programme to be managed by the Development Bank of Ethiopia announced in Addis Ababa earlier today. The new initiative backed by the European Investment Bank and World Bank represents the first international support in the Ethiopian financial sector and the European Investment Bank's largest ever engagement in Ethiopia.

          EU wil koekje van eigen deeg voor landen van afgewezen asielzoekers   
NOS Nieuws: De Europese regeringsleiders zijn het zat. Landen die geen uitgeprocedeerde asielzoekers terugnemen, moeten worden gestraft. Presidenten, premiers, ministers van landen zoals Ethiopië, Somalië en wellicht Marokko, zijn in de toekomst niet meer welkom in Europa.
Toegevoegd aan op: 02-07-2017 09:43:20

ሰላም ናቹ! ወደ የአማርኛ ዩቱብ ቻነል እንኳን በደኅና መጣቹ፡፡ አሁን የአማርኛ ፊልሞቻቺን እንድትመለከቱ እና ሼር እንድታደርጉ፣ በተጨማሪም ውድ የሆነው አስተያየታችሁን እንድትጽፉልን እንጋብዛችኋለን፡፡ ከአሁን ጀምሮ ምርጥ የሆኑ ፊልሞች በየቀኑ ልናቀርብላችሁ ቃል እንገባለን፡፡ እናመሰግናለን!!!
Hello everyone, welcome to our channel Amharic Youtube, we invite you to watch and share these movies especially keep the superb attitude stay taped on our channel, we are ready to give you the best movies every day.thank you

Selam nachu! wede Amharic youtube channel enquan be dehna metachu. Ahun ye amharnga filmochachin enditmeleketu ena share endtadergute betchemarim wid yehone asteyayetochachehun endtitsfulin engabzachehualen. Keahun jemiro beyeqenu mirt filmochen endemnaqerb qal engebalen. Enamesegnalen!!!
          Seifu Fantahun : Talk With Tec Talk Host Solomon - ከ Tec Talk አዘገጅ ሰለሞን ጋር የተደረገ ቆይታ   

Seifu Fantahun : Talk With Tec Talk Host Solomon - ከ Tec Talk አዘገጅ ሰለሞን ጋር የተደረገ ቆይታ
          Yeras Mirkogna - Part 108 (የራስ ምርኮኛ) Kana TV Drama   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

          Kitat - Part 172 (ቅጣት) Kana TV Drama   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

          Yeteqema Hiwot - Part 107 (የተቀማ ሕይወት) Kana TV Drama   

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          20 Dekika - Part 32 (20 ደቂቃ) Kana TV Drama   

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          Heavy Ice & Snowfall In Addis Abeba Today Sunday July 2, 2017! - ዛሬ ሰኔ 25, 2009 አዲስ አበባ 4 ኪሎ አካባቢ ሃ   

Heavy Ice & Snowfall In Addis Abeba Today Sunday July 2, 2017! - ዛሬ ሰኔ 25, 2009 አዲስ አበባ 4 ኪሎ አካባቢ ሃ
          Meleket Season 2 - Part 76 (መለከት)   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

          Arhibu አርሂቡ - Talk With Comedian Asres Bekele - ከአርቲስት አስረስ በቀለ ጋር የተደረገ አዝናኝ ቆይታ   

Arhibu አርሂቡ - Talk With Comedian Asres Bekele - ከአርቲስት አስረስ በቀለ ጋር የተደረገ አዝናኝ ቆይታ
          Senselet - Part 3 (ሰንሰለት)   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

          Senselet - Part 2 (ሰንሰለት)   

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          Senselet - Part 1 (ሰንሰለት)   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

Senselet TV Drama
Writer: Temesgen Afework
Directors: Tewodros Legesse Bizu
Produced by Hollyland Pictures & Mela Productions
The first TV Series from USA.በሌላ ሶሻል ሚዲያ ጥራት የሌለው ስራችን ያለፈቃዳችን ወጥቶ ተመልካችን ማሳዘኑ ይታወቃል
ከዛሬ በሁዋላ በ ሚከተለው ሊንክ ኦሪጅናል የሆነ HD የድራማውን ተከታታይ መመልከት የምትችሉ መሆኑን በጥትና እንገልጻለን

          Ethiopian Food: የቡላ ገንፎ አሰራር - Bula Genfo Reciepe   

Ethiopian Food: የቡላ ገንፎ አሰራር - Bula Genfo Reciepe
          Betoch - Part 184 (ቤቶች) ““ሊፍት”   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

          20 Dekika - Part 31 (20 ደቂቃ) Kana TV Drama   

Planet Ethiopia Dramas

          CGTN: Ethiopian Inaugurates New Cargo Terminal - አዲሱ የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ የካርጎ ተርሚናል ተመርቆ ተከፈተ   

አዲሱ የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ የካርጎ ተርሚናል ተመርቆ ተከፈተ

          Post-dengue acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: A case report and meta-analysis   
by Mohamed Gomaa Kamel, Nguyen Tran Nam, Nguyen Huu Bao Han, Abd-Elaziz El-Shabouny, Abd-ElRahman Mohamed Makram, Fatma Abd-Elshahed Abd-Elhay, Tran Ngoc Dang, Nguyen Le Trung Hieu, Vu Thi Que Huong, Trinh Huu Tung, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy Background Dengue is one of the most common infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to … Continua la lettura di Post-dengue acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: A case report and meta-analysis
          Mammographic density and ageing: A collaborative pooled analysis of cross-sectional data from 22 countries worldwide   
by Anya Burton, Gertraud Maskarinec, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Celine Vachon, Hui Miao, Martín Lajous, Ruy López-Ridaura, Megan Rice, Ana Pereira, Maria Luisa Garmendia, Rulla M. Tamimi, Kimberly Bertrand, Ava Kwong, Giske Ursin, Eunjung Lee, Samera A. Qureshi, Huiyan Ma, Sarah Vinnicombe, Sue Moss, Steve Allen, Rose Ndumia, Sudhir Vinayak, Soo-Hwang Teo, Shivaani Mariapun, Farhana Fadzli, Beata … Continua la lettura di Mammographic density and ageing: A collaborative pooled analysis of cross-sectional data from 22 countries worldwide
          Efficacy and safety of available treatments for visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil: A multicenter, randomized, open label trial   
by Gustavo Adolfo Sierra Romero, Dorcas Lamounier Costa, Carlos Henrique Nery Costa, Roque Pacheco de Almeida, Enaldo Viera de Melo, Sílvio Fernando Guimarães de Carvalho, Ana Rabello, Andréa Lucchesi de Carvalho, Anastácio de Queiroz Sousa, Robério Dias Leite, Simone Soares Lima, Thais Alves Amaral, Fabiana Piovesan Alves, Joelle Rode, the Collaborative LVBrasil Group Background There … Continua la lettura di Efficacy and safety of available treatments for visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil: A multicenter, randomized, open label trial
          Low-intensity cognitive-behaviour therapy interventions for obsessive-compulsive disorder compared to waiting list for therapist-led cognitive-behaviour therapy: 3-arm randomised controlled trial of clinical effectiveness   
by Karina Lovell, Peter Bower, Judith Gellatly, Sarah Byford, Penny Bee, Dean McMillan, Catherine Arundel, Simon Gilbody, Lina Gega, Gillian Hardy, Shirley Reynolds, Michael Barkham, Patricia Mottram, Nicola Lidbetter, Rebecca Pedley, Jo Molle, Emily Peckham, Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer, Owen Price, Janice Connell, Margaret Heslin, Christopher Foley, Faye Plummer, Christopher Roberts Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent … Continua la lettura di Low-intensity cognitive-behaviour therapy interventions for obsessive-compulsive disorder compared to waiting list for therapist-led cognitive-behaviour therapy: 3-arm randomised controlled trial of clinical effectiveness

Afrika ni miongoni mwa Bara lililobarikiwa tamaduni, lugha na watu tofauti wenye tabia zinazoshabihiana ikiwamo ukarimu.
Miongoni mwa watu wa Bara hili wapo wasichana warembo wa kuvutia tofauti na wengine, katika hili kuna mjadala mpana huku baadhi wakikubali kuwa kuna watu wanaovutia kuliko wengine huku baadhi yao wakidai kuwa uzuri, urembo wa mtu unatafsiriwa kulingana na anayemtizama.

Lakini katika hili tukubali tukatae miongoni mwa wanawake wa Afrika bila kujali wanatizamwa na nani ni wazuri na warembo na wanavutia kuliko wengine.

Ifuatayo ni orodha ya nchi 10 zenye wanawake wenye mvuto barani Afrika, mwaka jana Tanzania ilishika nafasi ya 10 mwaka huu imepanda nafasi moja na inashika nafasi ya tisa.

10: Ghana

Nchi ya Ghana inashika namba 10 kwa kuwa na wanawake wazuri Barani Afrika kwa mujibu wa ripoti iliyotolewa Machi mwaka huu na tovuti mbalimbali za masuala ya urembo ikiwamo Afrojuju, Urbanviralmedia.

Jambo wanalolingana wanawake wa Ghana kuwa wana mvuto wa asili ambao huuongezea kwa kujiremba.

Mwaka jana Ghana ilishika namba nane, mwaka huu imeshuka nafasi mbili na kushika nafasi ya 10.

9: Tanzania

Nafasi ya tisa mwaka huu imeshikiliwa na Tanzania iliyokuwa inashikilia nafasi ya 10 mwaka jana hivyo imepanda nafasi moja.

Miongoni mwa sifa za wanawake wa Tanzania ukiachilia mbali uzuri wa asil ni ni pamoja na kutunza nyumba, ujuzi wa kukisafisha chumba na kukipamba. Katika orodha hii wametajwa kuwa wanawake bora wachapa kazi na wanaojali familia.

8: Kenya

Imepanda nafasi moja kwa kuwa mwaka jana ilishika nafasi ya tisa.

Sifa za wanawake wa nchi hiyo ni pamoja na kuwa wajuzi katika mapenzi, wachapa kazi na watuamiaji wa pombe, jambo linalowatofautisha na watu wengine ni rangi yao ya kuvutia.

7: Nigeria

Kwa miaka miwili mfululizo warembo wa Nigeria wanashikilia nafasi ya saba.

Wanawake wa Nigeria licha ya kuwa na rangi za kuvutia, pia wana maumbo ya yaliyojazia na wamejaaliwa kuwa na uwezo wa kuzaa watoto wengi, kati ya 1970 na 2011 Nigeria iliongezeka idadi ya watu mara tatu na kuifanya kuwa nchi yenye wakazi wengi barani Afrika. Kama unataka mwanamke mzuri na atakayekuzaliwa watoto wengi Nigeria inakuhusu.

Kwa wale wanaotaka mwanamke mwenye sifa za kuwa mke, wa nchi hiyo wanafaa. Sifa ya kipekee wanajua kupika na kutunza familia.

6: Ivory Coast

Mwaka huu namba sita imeshikiliwa na Ivory Coast ambayo mwaka jana haikuwepo kabisa, hivyo imeingia kwenye 10 bora kwa mara ya kwanza, nafasi hiyo mwaka jana ilishikwa na nchi ya Afrika Kusini.

5: Afrika Kusini

Nchi hii imewapa jina warembo wake “Upinde wa Mvua wa Taifa”. mwaka huu imepanda nafasi moja kutoka nafasi ya sita iliyoshika mwaka jana.

Ni miongoni mwa nchi zenye wasichana warembo wa kuvutia katika Bara la Afrika. Miji ya Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria na Durban ndiyo yenye wanawake wenye mvuto. Wanawake wa Afrika Kusini wanang’aa na kuvutia kutokana na ngozi zao nyororor.

Unapofika nchini humo hasa katika Jiji la Pretoria kuwa makini kwa sababu unaweza kugongwa na gari kutokana na kuwashangaa warembo hao ambao kwa kawaida huvaa tofauti kidogo, nguo zao huwa fupi.

4: Rwanda

Wanaume wao hujivunia kwa kuwaita “Tufaa Lililojificha”, mwaka jana nchi hiyo ilishika nafasi ya kwanza kwa kuwa na wanawake warembo, mwaka huu imekamata nafasi ya nne.

Wanawake wa nchi hii sifa ya kipekee ikiwamo urefu unaopendeza, shepu ya Kiafrika kabisa, wasomi na wanaotaka kufahamu kila jambo.

Kitu kinachowafanya wawe juu licha ya kuwa warembo, ni wachapa kazi wanaojali muda na kupigania wanachokitaka bila kujali wanapambana na nani na ana nafasi gani ikiwamo kutoogopa mashindano na wanaume katika nyanja mbalimbali ikiwamo za kisiasa, kielimu au kiutendaji.

3: Somalia

Sifa yao maarufu na wanayopendwa kuitwa na wanaume wa nchi yao ni “Vita Aiharibu Urembo”, mwaka jana walishika nafasi ya pili. Licha ya urembo na kuwa karibu maeneo mengi katika Bara la Afrika bado wana utamaduni wa kuoana wao kwa wao. Wanatajwa pia kuwa miongoni mwa wanawake wanaoamini katika ndoa na kuitendea haki.

2: Eritrea

Ni miongoni mwa nchi zenye wanawake wenye mvuto barani Afrika, licha ya asilimia kubwa ya wanawake wake kujihifadhi kwa kuvaa ushungi na mavazi marefu bado asili ya urembo wao ipo pale pale.

1: Ethiopia

Wanawake wa nchi hii huitwa “Asili ya Ubinadamu”. Huo ni utambulisho wao mbele ya macho ya dunia.

Inaelezwa kuwa ustaarabu kwa wanawake ulianzia katika Ethiopia, hivyo inatajwa kuwa ni nchi yenye wanawake wenye mvuto zaidi barani Afrika.

Wengine wanasema matokeo ya mvuto wao yanatokana na mchanganyiko wa watu wa kale wa Yemen na Ethiopia. Wakati mwingine inakuwa ngumu kuwatofautisha kutokana na baadhi yao kufanana sana, maumbile, sura na uzungumzaji.

          Kingdom of Aksum   
Sence many people on LL have been asking about any african kingdom I tought to today present the most important kingdom that ever existed in Africa. The Kingdom of Aksum was an early kingdom of Ethiopia. It was one of the main hubs when we speak about European-Asian trade routes and the main seafaring trade kingdom of its time. Like anything in Africa we lack tons of knowledge about this kingdom sence archeologs have not done their jobs so well. As a matter of fact we are not even sure when the kingdom started. The normal official timeline for the kingdom is from 100 AD to 950 AD. We do know it ended 950 AD sence we do have evidence of Gudit empire conquered Aksum then. The start is unsure. There are some evidence pointing to the fact that the Kingdom of Himyarite was actually thesame, just annother name for earlier Kingdom of Aksum. Thesame goes for the earlier kingdom of Dmt. For jew
          messenger bag, Blue cross body, pull up leather bag, distressed leather bag, shoulder bag, Messenger Bag, leather Bag, women side bag by RootinStyle   

98.00 USD

Free Shipping by DHL.

This mini cross body bag is very elegant look. Made with pull up leather bag which have a distressed look, the more you used it the more it become elegant.

A Unique Design with hand woven ethnic Habesha Tilet gives the bag a unique amazing look beside pull up distressed cow leather used.

Handcrafted by women artisans who have love and Respect for their Product, Customers and the environment.

Root in Style take great pride of its products. Each of our products are one of a kind and we are very proud by make all our customers to be amazing unique in a crowd.

All of our bags are Designed uniquely with Ethnic touch Traditional Tilet and handcrafted by an experienced and passionate women artisans in our small workshop.

Please leave your phone number for tracking purposes. Thank you

Product description:

Dimensions Size:

Height: 18cm
Width: 26cm
Depth: 7cm


- Made from 100% genuine pull up leather from one of the largest livestock population country in Africa , Ethiopia.

- Decorative front with the Traditional Habesha Tilet ethnic look) that makes it unique


- have two inside open pockets for mobile and other small objects
Have one zipper inside pocket for your important objects.


Shipping and Handling

We Give Free Shipping Worldwide using DHL Express.

RootinStyle ships worldwide to nearly every country across the global, we employ the services of major, trusted international carrier to ensure your package arrives to your destination safely and securely.

RootinStyle uses DHL as a Shipment Method for all orders.

Please Note:

After you place an order and confirm your payment there are two types of time the product will pass before getting to your hand
“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time”.

Total Delivery Time= Processing Time + Shipping Time

What is item processing time?

After we receive your order and receive a confirmation of your payment, your product will be processed from scratch for you because every product made to customer on order. The precise processing time is variable and dependent on many factors (e.g. item design, material and complexity).

The average processing time is 1-2 weeks (approx.) however more complicated items and/or larger orders can require up to 3 weeks (approx.) and, occasionally, 20 days to fully process before shipping out. Your total satisfaction is important to us and we appreciate your patience.

What is item shipping time?

After we produce your product we also need you to give us 1 (one) week to delivered it to you. (It also includes packaging, shipping and Getting to your hand).

It can take a few days following order shipment before the Tracking number becomes active on the courier's system. If the information has not appeared on the courier's website, please try again later.

RootinStyle Shipped all packages from its warehouse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Note that:

“Processing Time” and “Shipping Time” are set to guarantee our customers satisfaction. That means, the item can be delivered to you earlier than the specified time. However, we set the maximum amount of time’s the product will take to get to your hand to eliminate any disappointment. Because we always need to make sure that our customers are happy all the time.

Please if you need your order to be delivered earlier please convo us so that we can discuss on some arrangements.


Every country has its own import tax rules, and RootinStyle cannot be held liable for any charges or taxes imposed by your government. Thank you for understanding!



At RootinStyle Customer happiness and satisfaction is the first thing to be met. We always work hard to provide you the best handmade product since our artisans are skilled and experienced and work with love and respect to product and our customers.

So, we believe it will not be similar to the factory made product because what will make it unique is to be handmade and handcrafted and having a handcrafted look.

However we believe in customer satisfaction and to give you a peace of mind we offer comprehensive 14 Days Return Warranty. Buy with confidence and enjoy a great Shopping at RootinStyle!

Our Warranty process:-

1.You can return items within 14 days after delivery. We have a friendly customer service; we are always here to serve you.

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4.If you wish to cancel an order after it has been shipped out, please wait until it arrives. Contact us first so we can provide you with a return address. Sign for the parcel when you receive it and then return it unopened to the address we have provided. We will arrange partial refund in that case.

5.You should return the item with the tracking number with the following address:

TAKE ET Trading Plc (RootinStyle) 192 Code 1034
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Tel: +251911692063

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          Akufo-Addo attends 29th AU Summit   

President Akufo-Addo has left Ghana Sunday, July 2, 2017, to attend the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union, which is being held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The meeting of the Heads of State will take place from July 3 to July 4, 2017, under the theme, “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through […]

The post Akufo-Addo attends 29th AU Summit appeared first on GhanaPoliticsOnline.

          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Horizon   
Selam Abraham H, It is said that Africa is going to feed the world in the future. It has ample fertile land, and if the many river basins are harnessed properly, they can provide adequate water for irrigation farming. On top of these, the introduction of modern farming technology and automation in agriculture in the future, will help increase productivity. Climate change is going to affect many regions of the world, unless world leaders do something about it. D. Trump has already withdrawn from the Paris climate agreement, for the sake of fossil fuel billionaires, and this will have a negative impact. Ethiopia has many river basins as well, where she can develop extensive irrigation farming. What she needs is the capital and the technology. El Nino is going to visit her every 5-10 yrs, and unless she developed irrigation farming, she is never going to free herself from periods of poor food production, thus needing food aid. There is one more problem. That is if the government concentrates on exportable agricultural products instead of edible products. The country is gradually increasing the percentage of irrigated land every year, but the rate of increase does not seem satisfactory. Nevertheless, irrigation farming is the only way forward. In the future the rainfall is going to be more erratic for sure.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Abraham H.   
Hi Horizon, I hope the next big objective on the to do list of the Ethiopian gov should be the building of large scale and widespread irrigation agriculture in order to beat once and for all the recurring food shortage. Ethiopia has now the necessary power generation; it already has plenty of fertile land, hence the farmers should not only depend on the unreliable summer rains for their agriculture. If Ethiopia properly harnesses its capacity of irrigational agriculture, not only would it be food self-sufficient in no time, it would also be one of the major agricultural exporters in the African continent.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Abraham H.   
Hi Kalihari S, please save us from this fake feeling of humanity towards 'millions of poor Ethiopians'. Doing the right and fair things starts at home and your DIA has first to be humanitarian towards his own people, i.e. if he perceives the Eritrean people as his people. Ethiopia has found ways of surviving and thriving economically without the use of the now outdated Eritrean ports. Djibouti has finalized the building of its brand new and modern container terminal, this would make even more smoother trade in combination with the new rail road to Ethiopia.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by blink   
Dear Horizon Are you forgetting some hard truth about famine in Ethiopia??? Are not 7.8 million people Ethiopians to you ? As of today the people suffering from shortage of food is big enough to call for alarm. Ethiopia is asking 1 billion dollars for aid , yet you miss us and come
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Abraham H.   
Hi Kalihari S., you said "Should Ethiopia follow the Rule of Law and relinquish Badme to Eritrea, it would largely delegitimize PIA/PFDJ abuse of power and allow for normalizations of relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea to be pursued." I don't know why you keep raising this dead issue of Badme; Isayas and co. have in no uncertain terms told us that it was pfdj yesterday, pfdj today, and pfdj tomorrow. They also told us that Eritreans seeking democracy have to go to the moon or mars, and elections in Eritrea cannot take place in three to four decades. Badme is not what gives Isayas a legitimacy to rule; they feel they have a God given right and the sole responsibility to rule Eritreans; according to them and their foolish supporters, Eritrea is doomed without the pfdj.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Kokhob Selam   
Dear brother Horizon ,,, What kind of moral is it? perfect conclusion ,,, " In conclusion,, Ethiopians and Eritreans are condemned to live in harmony and cooperation, no matter what, and however the elites on both sides may wish to the opposite, and let them eat their hearts out." I am by your side... KS...
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Horizon   
Hi K. Snake, Why not Lamu? Why don't you try to imagine how the region will be 10 - 20 yrs from now. Don't disregard the ports of Berbera or Lamu (Kenya). The Chinese are building a road from berbera to the ethiopian border. I think that ethiopia has already constructed the road to the border. The Somaliland government is in need of the money and political recognition as well as an independent country, and it is ready to work with ethiopia. In addition the UAE is improving the port facilities, which means that everybody is ready for a long term business. As much as Lamu (Kenya) is concerned, it can serve southern ethiopia. There is nothing fabulous or outfetched about that. The railway line connecting the port of Mombasa to Nairobi was inaugurated about two weeks ago. The aim is to connect to Addis and juba (ss) in the future. Mogadishu is another candidate, when peace comes to the country, and it will serve the somali region of ethiopia. Why do you ignore the above possibilities, which will open the regional market, and the economies of these countries are going to be interconnected. All these are lost to eritrea, because the eritrean regime is not in the position to understand interstate relations and globalization, and it chose isolation. Remember the famous self-reliance. Well, i see that you are among those who say badme first and all the rest later. Everybody has the right to make his own choice. You were saying in your previous comment that Oromo insurgents would attack/sabotage the addis-djibouti railway. You should know that these are insurgents trained, armed and sent by the eritrean regime, as has been shown so many times in other cases in the past. If the regime is going to operate in the same manner in the future, it will have no future at all, and unfortunately, it will be at the expense of the interest of the eritrean people.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Kalihari Snake   
Hi Horizon. What you are saying is incorrect. A week ago the UN World Food Programme was warning that food supplies for 7.8 million Ethiopians facing famine would run out at end June whereas the Ethiopian Government was denying this. But hey, you have totally free media in Ethiopia these days so you can believe everything the T-TPLF controlled media wishes to feed you. Berbera Port? Are you serious? I know that Ethiopia now has desperate eyes on it, but at least in the past, its capacity has been so low and it has been ridiculed by corruption and major security problems.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Horizon   
Hi K. Snake, Where did you see millions dying? Ethiopia was using the port of berbera in addition to Djibouti. Since the major famine of the 1980s, Ethiopia is in a better position to handle famine. Even the UN says so. Have you heard of the hidden famine in North Korea, where a million people died before the world was aware of it? You should be afraid of secretive regimes. They know very well how to hide major catastrophes.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Kalihari Snake   
Hi Horizon: Do you feel proud that M.Z. refused to use Eritrean ports to expedite delivery of humanitarian aid to Ethiopia which resulted in the unnecessary death of millions of Ethiopians?
          BBN Daily Ethiopian News July 1, 2017   

BBN Daily Ethiopian News July 1, 2017

          Nana Addo Jets Off To Ethiopia With First Lady And Others For A.U Meeting   
H.E Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo has left the shores of Ghana for an official duty to represent Ghana at the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union, which will happen in Ethiopia. The President was accompanied by the First Lady, Mrs. Rebecca Akufo-Addo, Hon. Shirley Ayorkor Botchway, and other officials at the Presidency. (...)Read the rest of Nana Addo Jets Off To Ethiopia With First Lady And Others For A.U Meeting (112 words) © kwaku1 for, 2017. | Permalink | No comment | Add to Post tags: A.U, Africa. A.U. Youth, Development, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hon.
          AU digs in on permanent UNSC seats   
KAMPALA. – African leaders will next month gather at the African Union (AU) headquarters in Ethiopia to adopt proposals that the continent gets two permanent seats at the UN Security Council. Alpha Conde, Guinea President and also chairperson of the African Union (AU) told reporters here over the weekend that Sierra Leone’s President Ernest Bai...
          ‘Escalating Violence’ in Calais After Clashes Between 100 African Migrants   

Authorities have described "escalating violence" in the transit city of Calais, France, following two days of fighting when over 100 Eritrean and Ethiopian migrants clashed, attacking one another with stones and sticks leaving over a dozen hospitalised.
Africa Benefits From Focus on Concrete Needs
By Joyce Chimbi
Global Times
2017/7/2 21:48:39

China's mega projects to overhaul old and narrow railway lines in various African countries have been covered extensively with many expressing support for this Eastern nation to expand these operations across Africa.

But little has been said about the immediate and long-term ideological shift that the world is developing toward China and consequently, where this shift will place China in geopolitics.

When China began plans to revamp old railway lines in a number of African countries, many critics were up in arms, but as soon as ordinary people started reaping immediate benefits from better and faster railway lines, criticism has transformed into resounding support.

The underlining issue is the fact that China supports tangible, physical and visible projects. It is difficult to argue with a project that can be seen.

This Eastern nation is not only undertaking massive infrastructural projects in Africa, but in Asia and Europe too.

Currently, China is spearheading a mega project said to be the silver bullet to the global economic woes facing the world today.

Not only does this project involve more than 60 countries, but it will also involve two out of every three people living in the world, and has an estimated infrastructural value of $1 trillion.

The project is dubbed the Belt and Road initiative and will cover areas that produce at least 40 percent of world output.

The socio-economic implications are astounding as well as the capacity to change world affairs and to boost China's global influence.

At every turn, global politics are becoming increasingly unpredictable. The European Union, which was until recently a powerful force, is in a most unstable phase, and rather than relations deepening, new alliances are being formed.

It is becoming increasingly clear that there are many global partners who are ready to work with other countries largely on a needs basis rather than ideology, which is the path that China has boldly taken across Africa.

Though the West often gives aid, foreign aid is not designed through brick and mortar, which is an area that China has a monopoly in.

China's approach to international development particularly in Africa has been through brick and mortar, drifting further from foreign aid and closer to investment-led aid.

This Eastern nation has left infrastructural footprints across the continent resulting in a direct impact on the gross domestic products of many developing countries and also on their capacity to achieve their ambitious development blueprints.

Some of the landlocked countries such as Ethiopia stand to benefit from faster, safer and cheaper transportation of people and cargo through a new Standard Gauge Railway line.

Africa has always had a youthful and highly educated population albeit with high unemployment. Through technology transfers from China, these dynamics are shifting.

Based on the erratic global political climate, all indications are that the world is exiting a space where the West has had a monopoly in global governance to a new order where there will be a need to deepen relations between developed and developing countries.

China has had a head start and has had a monopoly in testing the waters, especially across Africa, to identify the most effective development model.

Many other global partners will be entering this phase for the first time, having viewed developing countries as a mere recipient and rarely as a partner who can also provide growth opportunities for international actors.

China's ability to focus on needs rather than ideology has facilitated the development and deepening of partnerships across many countries.

When US President Donald Trump recently met Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the meeting was dubbed "America first meets India first," summarizing the new world order where each country has become increasingly inward-looking.

But what will be more important in this inward-looking approach will be an actor who will provide tangible and practical solutions that will remove the many bottlenecks that many countries are facing as they strive to grow and to transform their economies in tandem with the changing times.

In many ways, China is demonstrating a workable and sustainable model as can be seen with its engagement with African countries and also through the Belt and Road initiative.

Not only is this belt a holistic vision that will transform the global political, social and economic order, but therein also lies this drive that seeks to ensure that as many countries as possible work together on global trade.

The author is a Kenya-based journalist.

          Ethiopia replied to the topic New member acceptance policy in the forum General Chat   
          Ethiopian journalist in Korea   

Ethiopian journalist in Korea

          By: Michiganny   
Jack, That is an interesting point. I met a Zimbabwean last fall and he had some very interesting takes on politics there. One, he thinks that the tribal connection between Mugabe and SA ministers has not been covered much at all. He also thought that the lack of tribal connection between Mugabe and Mandela was a reason why the latter was more vocal in highlighting the former's misrule than Mbeki does. He also said he thought the MDC were just as bad as Mugabe. I figured that a guy getting an MBA in the US was just a likely apologist for the regime, since his parents in Harare were paying US tuition at a time when many of their countrymen cannot even afford bread, but I read this week in the NYT that there has been all kinds of violence between MDC factions. Dr. Ellen has an excellent post--the west will get nothing but heartache and red ink intervening directly in Zimbabwe or Sudan. It appears the US has concluded that as well. That would explain our semi-covert support for Ethiopia's occupation of Mogadishu.
          Driveway Moment: Enhancing Personal Experience   
There was an NPR feature during All Things Considered last month about Sweet Potatoes and how they are being used to feed villages in Africa. This was especially interesting to me because I had recently returned from Ethiopia where I witnessed villagers in Kerswa Ellala digging pits for their "food storage"— harvested rubber banana plants that can be eaten years after they are buried. Sweet potatoes was a crop I had never thought would work in Africa, but as I sat in my car outside my house listening, I was informed that yes, they do. If you have had programs from UPR and NPR enhance your life, keep the educational information alive by donating.
          Nurit Absorption Center: A Hug for the “Iron Dome” Soldiers   

The Ethiopian-Israelis who are just beginning their lives in modern Israel and residing at The Jewish Agency’s Nurit Absorption Center know full well that IDF soldiers are protecting them – but most have never met an IDF soldier before.

Over the last several weeks, staff at the Absorption Center have found that one way to reduce the mysteries of Operation Protective Edge for the new immigrants, and to reduce their levels of fear and stress, has been to introduce the immigrants to the soldiers who are protecting them, specifically the ones who operate the “Iron Dome.”

          Completing the Journey   

View LIVE as our Ethiopian Family Journeys Home. 4:00 pm (Israel time) on Wednesday, August 28.

Operation Dove’s Wings final flight lands in Israel on Wednesday August 28th.  Upon the completion of operation Dove's Wings, the State of Israel, together with The Jewish Agency, has brought ninety-thousand immigrants to Israel from Ethiopia.

          A Day of Firsts for Child Immigrants from Ethiopia   

To celebrate the beginning of the new school year in Israel this week, The Jewish Agency arranged for 530 Ethiopian-Israeli children from 8 Absorption Centers to enjoy a last-day-of-summer hurrah in Jerusalem.

The elementary and high school students, who made Aliyah within the past year (one child got to Israel just 2 months ago), split up into groups headed for the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo, the Kiftzuba amusement park, the Israel Museum, or Cinema City, before converging for a high-energy performance by the Israeli music and dance group "Tararam."

          Reuniting Families from Ethiopia in Israel   
Ben Gurion Airport, Israel – When 63 people from Ethiopia arrived in Israel on October 9, their arrival marked the beginning of an effort by The Jewish Agency to reunite families of Ethiopian Jews. This effort is expected to bring some 9,000 family members of Ethiopian immigrants to Israel by 2020.
The history of Ethiopian Jews immigrating to Israel is a point of pride for the Israeli government and The Jewish Agency for Israel.
The two most famous airlifts from Ethiopia to Israel – Operation Moses (19841985)

          Completing the Journey: Coming home with us   

Operation Dove's Wings completed a circle which began with a 2, 500 year old dream to return to Israel, as Chairman of The Jewish Agency for Israel, Natan Sharansky commented at a welcome ceremony attended by partners, government dignitaries, and Ethiopian olim who were reunited with their families.

Sharansky added that The Jewish Agency will continue to assist those eligible for Aliyah from Ethiopia.

          Operation Dove's Wings: Completing the Journey   
JERUSALEM, ISRAEL: Some 450 Ethiopians boarded two Jewish Agency-chartered flights bound for Israel on Wednesday, August 28 and arrived in Tel Aviv a few hours later as immigrants.
Hundreds of relatives who have been living in Israel were at the airport to meet them. 

          Keys to Success   

GONDAR, ETHIOPIA: August 19, 2013 -- At a ceremony held in Gondar, Ethiopia, Jewish Agency for Israel Chairman Natan Sharansky handed to the city’s mayor the key to the Jewish school, which educated thousands of children before their immigration to Israel.

          The New Envoys - An Ethiopian and a Bedouin Flying the Flag for Israel   

Eginsu Meyer, her husband Joel and their one-year-old daughter Eliya have been living for a year in Golders Green. About the only thing it has in common with her birthplace - an Ethiopian village called Gayne - is that it begins with "G".

          Jerusalem Day Ceremony and Monument Commemorates Ethiopian Victims    

Today's ceremony, held near Theodor Herzl’s grave on Jerusalem's Mt Herzl, marked the dedication of a new monument commemorating the 2,000 Ethiopian Jews who died en route to Jerusalem. Under the blazing Jerusalem sun, guests stood in line patiently, waiting to be seated and to hear government leaders' tributes to the community. Notable speakers included President Shimon Peres, Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu, and Knesset Member Pnina Tamao-Shata.

          Mazal Tov! Security Guard Delivers Ethiopian Olah's Baby   
BE'ER SHEVA, ISRAEL -- Jewish Agency for Israel security personnel are well trained – in their field. But one Be'er Sheva absorption center guard recently found himself fielding a brand new challenge when an Ethiopian olah went into labor on his watch.
"The new olah came to our offices right next to her apartment and called us since she was in pain," said center director Talia Artzi of 22-year-old Mabrato Yatzuvdenk, who was in her ninth month. 

          Ethiopian youth revel at pre-bar and bat-mitzvah Lag B'Omer bonfire   

TZFAT, ISRAEL - Some 40 Ethiopian 12-year-old olim recently celebrated the fiery Lag B'Omer holiday with a festive bonfire held near the Tzahal Absorption Center in Tzfat in northern Israel, as part of their studies towards their upcoming group bar and bat-mitzvah.

          One for the team    

KIBBUTZ BEIT ALFA: The Beit Alfa-Gilboa Absorption Center has recently been given a face-lift. A volley-ball court for the use of new immigrants from Ethiopia was constructed on its grounds and inaugurated at the end of April.

Tourists who visited The Jewish Agency absorption center at the foot of Mount Gilboa in the Jezreel Valley gifted the center with a volley-ball court and a full range of equipment.

          New Ethiopian olim construct first tefillin   

TZFAT, ISRAEL - At a recent event held at the 500-year-old Ari synagogue in the Old City, in the northern Galilee town of Tzfat, 22 new olim were surrounded by proud mothers in traditional Ethiopian dress, family and friends,

          Ethiopian oleh closes personal circle as Jewish Agency shaliach   

JERUSALEM, ISRAEL - As a child, Asher Seyoum shepherded goats across the rural hills of Gondar Province, Ethiopia.

As he trod along with his flock, little did he suspect that he and his family would soon make the treacherous overland trek via hostile Sudan to to make aliyah to Israel.

"As soon as we landed at Ben-Gurion Airport, all of us – all of the olim – threw ourselves on the ground and kissed the earth," Seyoum says, recalling his arrival at age 13.

"It was one of the most moving scenes I have ever seen," he says.

          Outstanding Adana   

MA'ALOT-TARSHISHA, NORTHERN ISRAEL – In a recent pre-Independence Day ceremony, an Ethiopian-born lone soldier in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Golani Mountain Brigade was recognized as an Outstanding Soldier.

IDF GOC Northern Command chief Maj.-Gen. Yair Golan, who presented the award to Sgt. Ezra Adana and the other soldiers, also delivered greetings on behalf of all the military forces at the festive event, held in the Upper Galilee town ten-days ago.

          New olim sing for peace on Memorial Day   

Four Ethiopian pre-teen olim will be among 150 children to perform in this year's Yom Ha'Atzmaut - Independence Day eve torch-lighting ceremony at Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.

          ‘Escalating Violence’ in #Calais After Clashes Between 100 African Migrants – #MigrantCrisis   
– ‘Escalating Violence’ in Calais After Clashes Between 100 African Migrants: Authorities have described “escalating violence” in the transit city of Calais, France, following two days of fighting when over 100 Eritrean and Ethiopian migrants clashed, attacking one another with stones and sticks leaving over a dozen hospitalised. Le Figaro reports that following clashes late ... Read more
          President Lungu in Ethiopia for AU Summit   
[Zambia Reports] President Edgar Chagwa Lungu this morning left to Attend the 29th African Union summit in Ethopia Addis Ababa.
          Re: The Caffeinated History of Coffee   

There is one important piece that's missing in this article - indeed, the coffee plant was discovered in Ethiopia, and then brought to Yemen. However, traditionally they boiled the leaves in water and it is the resulting concoction that they had. This was then introduced to Istanbul in 1555 during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent by Özdemir Pasha, the Ottoman Governor of Yemen. In the Ottoman palace a new method of drinking coffee was discovered: the beans were roasted over a fire, finely ground and then slowly cooked with water on the ashes of a charcoal fire. This is where the drinking method as we all know it today started from. http://www.turkishcoffeewor...

          Comment on Indian Couple Demands White British Child For Adoption by Brian Lee Vocke   
I've got Chinese. Yemen. Mongolian. Sicily. Egyptian. Ethiopian.... In me My birth record say .... I'm a German
          Mulatu Astatke - Mulatu Of Ethiopia (ltd 3lp Version Repress) - Eu3lp - Strut 129lpb - Strut   
. Recorded in New York , the album arrived at a time when Astatke had begun to master the delicate fusion of styles ...
          Addis Ababa: Perezida Kagame yitabiriye inama y'Ubumwe bw'Afurika #Rwanda via @kigalitoday   

Perezida Paul Kagame yageze i Addis Ababa muri Ethiopia aho yitabiriye inama ya 29 y'Umuryango w'Ubumwe bw'Afurika (AU).

- Mu Rwanda / ,
Zambia: Govt Backtracks On ICC Withdrawal
By Chris Phiri

Government has backtracked on its plan to withdraw from the International Criminal Court.

Justice Minister Given Lubinda told parliament that Zambians had rejected the withdrawal during the nationwide consultation conducted by government.

Lubinda said that over 90% of respondents across the country submitted against withdrawal.

The Justice Minister said that most respondents were of the view that the ICC provided some measure of recourse for internationally committed injustices.

Lubinda said that Zambia would make known its stand to the African Union.

In March the Ministry of Justice announced that it would hold countrywide consultative fora on whether Zambia should leave the ICC or not.

African leaders have often accused the global court of targeting them unfairly, hence pushing for a mass withdrawal.

The African Union backed the push for a collective withdrawal but the decision, taken by African leaders during a closed door session at an AU summit in Ethiopia, was not legally binding.

The continent has 34 signatories to the Rome Statute, the treaty which set up the court.

The debate on the ICC was hugely divisive on the question of whether this should be individual or collective withdrawal.

Burundi, South Africa and The Gambia applied to leave the court - but the case for the latter two seems to have hit a wall.

          Try our new favorite: Ethiopian Yirgacheffee Coffee   
Have you tasted our Ethiopian Konga natural Yirgacheffe yet? We think it’s rather special. It’s even been compared to “a hoppy IPA”. It boasts a heavenly fruited dry fragrance with vanilla...
          The Ethiopian Reborn   
          Watch Elshaddai TV Live TV from Ethiopia   
Watch Elshaddai TV Live TV from Ethiopia
Watch Elshaddai Television Network Live TV from Ethiopia Religious TV Channel / ETN is an Amharic-language Christian television channel based in London. Stream 1: Stream 2: Stream 3: Stream 4:

          Spicy Popcorn with Berbere   
Popcorn is a popular Ethiopian snack. Enjoy it with your favorite berbere spice mix or spiced ghee. Enjoy!
          Hair Care From Around The World   

A Scottish beauty secret; sea kelp for your hair! It's high in Vitamin A, B and C. It will give your hair shine like you have never experienced.

In Russia, when a woman wants to bring out their blonde highlights it is common for women to mix a handful of dried daises with boiling water, let it steep and use it as a final rinse for when you are about to get out of the shower.

Filipina women add aloe to their hair for luster with Vitamin C, E and zink (as well as many other nutrients) your hair will get the nutrients it needs! Apply an hour before showering and your hair will come out luscious!

Egg and avocado are a super common mixture in Africa. Mixed together and applied to your hair for an hour, rinse well and your hair will come out feeling amazing.

Paraffin oil is a common Ethiopian trick for treating dandruff, not only that it will leave your hair moisturized and shiny!

          Zambia: Pres. Lungu Lashes Out At Opposition UPND Members, 'You're Heartless' -   

Zambia Daily Mail

Zambia: Pres. Lungu Lashes Out At Opposition UPND Members, 'You're Heartless'
President Edgar Lungu has lashed out at suspected UPND members for bringing down electricity supply lines in an attempt to sobatage his government. UPND members are upset their leader Hakainde Hichilema is clocking 90 days in jail for a non-bailable ...
Let the presidential petition be heardZambian Watchdog
Pres. Lungu In Ethiopia For AU SummitZambia Reports
ECL warns saboteursZNBC

all 20 news articles »

          Refugee Boy   
Refugee Boy
author: Benjamin Zephaniah
name: Sally
average rating: 3.14
book published: 2001
rating: 4
read at: 2011/07/20
date added: 2017/07/02
shelves: refugees, london, ya, war-other, eritrea, ethiopia, africa
Absolutely incredible story - I was stunned to find out at the end that it was fictional! I honestly thought this was a true story. Man.

I read an 'uncorrected proof' because that just happened to be the copy I found (in a secondhand bookstore). So I don't know if things were changed or what, but I LOVED the start - how in the first chapter they are in Ethiopia, and Alem's father is being called a traitor because his wife is Eritrean... then the second chapter is almost word for word exactly the same - the only difference being now they are in Eritrea, and his mother is being called a traitor because her husband is Ethiopian. It's a really strong start that paints so vividly the conflict between the two places. And I am gonna admit now that before this book... I knew jack-all about that!

After that, Alem and his father go on a "holiday" to England... where Alem's father leaves him in hopes that his boy will be able to gain refugee status, and safety. The fact that he only spent one night in the detention centre before finding a foster home seemed a tad farfetched, but apart from that... amazing story. So sad too :( But oh, Alem was a wonderful character to read about! I really loved him :)

          The application of data mining techniques to support customer relationship management: the case of ethiopian revenue and customs authority. (arXiv:1706.10050v1 [cs.CY])   

Authors: Belete Biazen Bezabeh

The application of data mining technique has been widely applied in different business areas such as health, education and finance for the purpose of data analysis and then to support and maximizes the organizations customer satisfaction in an effort to increase loyalty and retain customers business over their lifetimes . The researchers primary objective, in this paper is to classify customers based on their common attributes since customer grouping is the main part of customer relationship management. In this study, different characteristics of the ERCA customers data were collected from the customs database called ASYCUDA. Once the customers data were collected, the necessary data preparation steps were conducted on it and finally a data set consisting of 46748 records was attained. The classification modeling was built by using J48 decision tree and multi layer perceptron ANN algorithms with 10-fold cross-validation and splitting (70% training and 30% testing) techniques. Among these models, a model which was built using J48 decision tree algorithm with default 10-fold cross-validation outperforms 99.95% of overall accuracy rate; while the classification accuracy of ANN is 99.71%. So decision tree has better accuracy than ANN for classifying ERCA customers data.

          Weekend Link Dump   

This week's Link Dump brings us Tea and Scandal!

Who the hell killed Lizzie Borden's parents?  (Yes, there are some people who are not sure about the answer to that.)

Watch out for those phantom snowballs!

A tale of a devil-fish and slow-acting poisons.

Because your weekend just wouldn't be complete without a Viking toilet.

18th century book clubs were a lot more entertaining than most 18th century books.

How the Boston Massacre made legal history.

Some possibly life-saving ancient manuscripts from Timbuktu.

The world's weirdest Facebook page?  (No, no, it's not mine.  Now cut that out.)

The world of Haitian voodoo.

What you could buy for a shilling and a pot of beer in Georgian times.

An ancient Ethiopian city has been discovered.

Kings and scrofula.

How ancient Egyptians helped cats conquer the world.

Early 19th century menageries.

The unlucky number three?

An unusual book binding.

A skull cult at Gobekli Tepe?  (Complete with those inevitable words, "surprisingly complex.")

Ghost dogs in African-American folklore.

The long walk of David Ingram.

If you've booked a vacation for 2030, I have some bad news.

It's not looking good for Bigfoot, either.

Proof that the universe really is warped.

Irish UFO reports.

A delightful-sounding cat museum in Montenegro.

Proof that it's impossible to satirize modern poetry.

A modern American sailing disaster.

Pirates of the North Sea.

The "Fejee Mermaid."

Let's talk bog butter.

Let's talk satanic armchairs.

Let's talk fortean brides.

Let's talk Serbian shoe-loving vampires.

Let's talk drumming cockatoos.

Let's talk Rousseau's sex life.  

Invasion of the Sunshine Body Snatchers.

Canada in 1817.

A 19th century marriage that, surprisingly, ended well.

A Welsh botanical excursion.

"Decolonizing" Iraqi archaeology.

Salvador Dali's corpse is about to testify in a paternity suit brought by a professional Tarot card reader.  Because the 21st century is just like that.

The adventures of being a ghostwriter.  I've done a couple of ghosting jobs in the past, and it's a fine path to the madhouse.

A gamekeeper's murder.

The beautiful Fulham Palace.

How to be a proper Georgian footman.

Urine and the philosopher's stone.

Let's just say the Enlightenment era spawned some weird fads.

In a related story, the Victorians had a thing for auburn hair.

Back in the day, "First time on television" was a big deal.

Puritan UFOs.

A dog who served in WWI.

Rayon and insanity.

The fad for liquid stockings.

The worldly Jane Austen.

A 19th century female detective.

A Texan "hidden valley."

A life-saving dream.

A painter who was a victim of the French Revolution.

More proof that crows are smarter than most humans.

The 19th century murder of a Lancashire policeman.

A conspiracy against Napoleon.

A seance and the horror of Luton bus station.

This Week in Russian Weird looks at the strange legend of Czar Alexander I.

Not to mention the Soviet circus clown and the psychic dogs.

And we're done for this week!  See you on Monday, when we'll look at a 17th century woman's mysterious death.  And, of course, on Tuesday, enjoy Strange Company's annual Fourth of July celebration/star-spangled Body Count.

In the meantime, here's some Linda Ronstadt.  This is from one of her later albums, so it didn't get much attention, but this is one of my favorite songs of hers.  (She did her best work late in her career, IMO.)

          Nigeria, Ethiopia rekindle bilateral ties   

Nigeria and Ethiopia have rekindled their bilateral ties  and have resolved to  further work toward ensuring  mutual progress and  prosperity  for  both countries. Nigeria’s Foreign Minister, Geoffrey Onyeama,  disclosed this to newsmen at the end of a bilateral meeting with his Ethiopian counterpart, Dr Workneh Gebe. He spoke  on the sidelines  of the 31st Ordinary […]

The post Nigeria, Ethiopia rekindle bilateral ties appeared first on Newsverge.

          President Abbas to meet with French President Macron   
Ramallah/PNN President Mahmoud Abbas is scheduled to visit France later this week and meet with French President Emmanuel Macron and Palestine’s ambassador to Jordan Attallah Khairi. The purpose of the meeting is to continue the international Mideast peace conference. According to WAFA News Agency, Abbas is expected to travel to Ethiopia on Sunday for the …
          Somaliland:SL and UAE sign Vital Trade Accord   
Somaliland, UAE signs on further accords ==================================== The governments of Somaliland and UAE have signed a new agreement; towards enhanced economic and bilateral relations of the two nations. . The agreement which includes construction of the road from Berbera port to Wajaale district, the border between Somaliland and Ethiopia that would facilitate the trade of […]
          Ethiopia: East Africa's New Economic Power   
Deutsche Welle posted on 26 June 2017 an article titled "Ethiopia: East Africa's New Economic Power" by Martina Schwikowski.

The author comments that Ethiopia's economy is booming with an average economic growth rate per year in the past decade of 10.8 percent and is expected to overtake Kenya soon to become East Africa's largest economy. The question is how sustainable this boom is in a country that has been under a state of emergency since October 2016 following protests against government policies and human rights abuses.
          Volunteering In Africa   

Volunteering In Africa

by EvaUppsala Volunteering In Africa Africa is a vast continent but most of it lies in the shadow of poverty, malnutrition, drought, lack of education and civil wars. From the famines of Ethiopia to the poaching of wild animals in Kenya, Africa has seen it all. Volunteering in Africa has been a major consideration of […]

Volunteering In Africa

          Trafficked Into Slavery: The Dark Side of Addis Ababa's ...   

Direct link to article... []

ADDIS ABABA, May 16 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - It was the promise of education in Addis Ababa that led 11- year-old Eleni to take the fateful decision to leave home.

The young girl from a small town in Ethiopia's Amhara region, packed up and left for the capital in the company of her older neighbour, who said that her relatives there would welcome her into their home, pay her 200 Ethiopian birr ($8) a month to look after their young children, and send her to school.

"I thought I would enjoy Addis," said Eleni, tearfully. "The woman told me fancy things about it. I thought everything would be okay."

But it wasn't. Despite the promises, Eleni was never paid by her neighbour's relatives, and she was never sent to school. She slept on a mattress in the living room, was barely fed, and suffered abuse at the hands of her employers.

"I had to do everything," she said, including cleaning, cooking, and looking after the family's young children."

After two months living with the family, Eleni, who did not want to give her real name, fled - walking the streets of Addis Ababa until she was found and taken to the local police station.

More: Trafficked into slavery: The dark side of Addis Ababa's ...

          An Ethiopian Eunuch Believes   
          President Akufo-Addo attends 29th AU Summit in Ethiopia   
President Akufo-Addo, left Ghana on Sunday, July 2, 2017, to attend the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union, which is being held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
          Again, Aisha visits Buhari in London tomorrow   
Wife of the president,  Aisha Muhammadu Buhari will, tomorrow, return to London, the United Kingdom,  to visit her husband, President Muhammadu Buhari, who is on medical vacation.  In a statement by her Director of Information, Suleiman Haruna, Mrs. Buhari will first stop over at Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, to make a symbolic appearance at the meeting...
          Sektor Pertanian RI Masuk Peringkat 25 di Dunia    

Sektor pertanian Indonesia masuk 25 besar dunia. Ini tertuang dalam Indeks Keberlanjutan Pangan atau Food Sustainability Index (FSI) pada Desember 2016 yang dirilis lembaga riset dan analisis ekonomi internasional berpusat di Inggris, The Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU) dan Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition (BCFN) Foundation.

Hasil riset menunjukkan Indonesia berada di peringkat 21 dengan skor 50,77 setelah Brasil serta berada di atas Uni Emirat Arab, Mesir, Arab Saudi, dan India.

Indikator penelitian ini antara lain, mempertimbangkan 2/3 penduduk dunia berada di 25 negara tersebut dan sudah mencakup 87 persen dari total Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) Dunia.

Riset FSI disusun dari 58 indikator dan mencakup empat aspek, yakni secara keseluruhan (overall), pertanian berkelanjutan (sustainable agriculture), kehilangan/susut pangan dan limbah (food loss and waste) serta aspek gizi (nutritional challenges).

Adapun untuk sustainable agriculture, Indonesia bercokol di rangking 16 (skor 53,87) setelah Argentina serta berada di atas Cina, Ethiopia, Amerika Serikat, Nigeria, Arab Saudi, Afrika Selatan, Mesir, Uni Emirat Arab, dan India.

Pada kategori ini, Indonesia mendapat skor tinggi pada ketersediaan sumberdaya air yang melimpah, rendahnya dampak lingkungan sektor pertanian pada lahan, keanekaragaman hayati lingkungan, produktivitas lahan, serta mitigasi perubahan iklim.

Sementara itu, dari aspek food loss and waste, Indonesia bertengger di peringkat 24 (skor 32,53) setelah Uni Emirat Arab dan berada di atas Arab Saudi. Pada aspek ini Indonesia termasuk dalam kategori sedang dalam upaya mengatasi masalah kehilangan makanan (food loss).

Selanjutnya aspek nutritional challenges, Indonesia masuk peringkat 18 (skor 56,79) setelah Brasil serta berada di atas Turki, Rusia, Mesir, Meksiko, Afrika Selatan, Nigeria, dan India. Pada kategori ini Indonesia dipandang mampu mengatasi masalah defisiensi micronutrient, prevalensi kelebihan gizi, kurang gizi, kelebihan gula, serta mampu membeli makanan segar.

Hasil FSI 2017 ini sangat menggembirakan karena Indonesia termasuk 25 negara besar, sebagai satu-satunya negara ASEAN yang disurvei serta hasilnya mengalahkan negara besar lainnya. Ini prestasi luar biasa di bidang pertanian pada era kepemimpinan Presiden Jokowi. 

Sebelumnya Juni 2016, lembaga riset EIU juga merilis bahwa Indonesia peringkat 71 dari 133 negara dengan peningkatan terbesar di dunia dengan skor 2,7 pada Global Food Security Index (GFSI).

Terkait hal ini, peneliti senior INDEF Sugiyono mengapresiasi hasil riset EIU tersebut. Ia mengatakan faktanya memang di era Menteri Pertanian Andi Amran Sulaiman, pembangunan pertanian banyak terobosan dan membuahkan hasil.

"Ini bisa dilihat kasat mata pada saat Ramadan dan Idul Fitri kemarin, harga pangan stabil. Dulu-dulu setiap hari raya Lebaran harga pangan bergolak," ungkap Sugiyono.

Menurut dia, prestasi selanjutnya dapat dilihat data Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS), bahwa sektor pertanian pada triwulan-I 2017 tumbuh pesat 15,59 persen dibandingkan triwulan sebelumnya (Q to Q) dan tumbuh terbesar dari sektor lainnya.

PDB sektor pertanian triwulan-I tahun 2017 ini naik 7,12 persen dibandingkan dengan triwulan yang sama 2016 (Y to Y), melebihi kenaikan PDB industri pengolahan 4,21 persen maupun PDB total Indonesia 5,01 persen.

Sektor pertanian memberikan kontribusi terhadap PDB sebesar 13,59 persen, peringkat terbesar kedua setelah sektor industri pengolahan 20,48 persen.

"Produk hasil pertanian juga memberi andil besar pada sektor industri pengolahan ini, misal industri makanan dan minuman berkontribusi 5,92 persen terhadap PDB," demikian pungkas Sugiyono.

Tonton video menarik berikut ini:

          Rare photos of famous Ethiopian artists   

Rare photos of famous Ethiopian artists

Wakati wa msimu wa joto, nchini Qatar kumeripotiwa kuwa na joto kali na kuna muda hali ya joto hupanda mpaka kufikia nyuzi joto 50 ambapo pamoja na kuwa na joto kiasi hicho Qatar imebarikiwa kuwa na utajiri mkubwa wa madini, mafuta na gesi. 

Rasilimali hizi zimeifanya Qatar kuwa nchi ya kwanza duniani kwa utajiri.
Botswana inashika nafasi ya pili kwa kuwa nchi yenye joto kali duniani ambalo linafika nyuzi joto 40 na inaelezwa kuwa 70% ya joto hilo huchangiwa na jangwa la Kalahari.
Vietnam ni nchi yenye mfumo wa utawala wa Kisoshalisti kutoka bara la Asia, mji mkuu wa nchi hiyo ni Hanoi unatajwa katika nafasi ya tatu katika maeneo yenye joto kali duniani, inaelezwa kuwa kiwango cha chini cha joto ni nyuzi joto 20 wakati kiwango cha juu kinafikia nyuzi joto 42.
Umoja wa Falme za Kiarabu (UAE) unatajwa kuwa kati ya sehemu zenye uchumi unaokua kwa haraka zaidi duniani, moja ya falme zake (Abu Dhabi) inatajwa kuwa na joto linalofikia nyuzi joto 45 wakati kiwango cha chini ni nyuzi joto 25.
Bahrain ni moja kati ya nchi ndogo barani Asia, inatajwa kuwa joto lake hufikia nyuzi joto 40 wakati kiwango cha chini ni nyuzi joto 17.
Jamaica inashika nafasi ya sita katika nchi zenye joto kali ikiwa na kiwango cha chini cha nyuzi joto 27.
Malaysia ni moja kati ya nchi za Kiislamu na mji mkuu wake ni Kuala Lumpur wakati Putrajaya ni jiji kubwa zaidi nchini humo, hali ya hewa ni joto linaloanzia nyuzi joto 25-35 mpaka kufikia nyuzi joto 40.
India ni nchi ya pili kwa kuwa na idadi kubwa ya watu kwenye barala Asia, kiwango cha juu cha joto kinazidi nyuzi joto 48 wakati kiwango cha chini ni nyuzi joto 28, ingawa kuna maeneo ya milima hupata baridi mpaka nyuzi 1.
Indonesia inatajwa kuwa ndio nchi kubwa ya kiislamu duniani na mji wake mkuu ni Jakarta ukiwa na visiwa vingi huku kukiwa na rekodi ya joto linalofikia nyuzi 30.
Ethiopia ni nchi ya Kiafrika na mji mkuu wake ni Addis Ababa ambao unatajwa kuwa na joto linalofikia nyuzijoto 35 wakati kiwango cha chini ni nyuzi joto 25.

          Sun Jul 2nd Todays News   
Some things should not happen, but they do. I have stood up against pedophile bullies and I know they have a long reach. Economically, I have been ruined by the pedophile protection lobby so I have an insight into the workings of that lobby. Which is why I have never endorsed the hate campaign against Cardinal Pell. It is worth revisiting what has happened in the public domain, so as to understand why the current situation of Pell is declared an injustice by those who follow such things. Back in the late '90's, Pell was Archbishop of Melbourne. He was a conservative supporter of JP II and was effective, and so 'promoted' to Archbishop of Sydney in 2001 and then Cardinal in 2003. Pell had set up a Catholic response to sex crimes within the church. He made sure that the abused were compensated and he put a stop to known abusers. The laws at the time, prior to the Woods Royal commission into policing branching into pedophile teachers, did not allow an organisation like the church to respond then as they can today. Had Pell denounced a priest on suspicion alone, he would have exposed the Church to frivolous lawsuits which then enriched the pedophiles. Even so, Pell was denounced as a conservative.

In 2001, Anglican Bishop Hollingsworth became Australian Governor General following the abysmal William Deane. Hollingsworth faced a campaign against him for apologising for not doing enough to rid the Anglican church of pedophile ministers. Pell had nothing to apologise for, having acted appropriately. In fact, Hollingsworth probably had acted appropriately too, but saw it as his duty to apologise as a Christian, and so setting an example. Military people seem to make better governors. Hollingsworth had to stand down because of media controversy. The tagging of Pell as having been derelict in his duty has never been substantiated and was not even claimed until after the lobby had success forcing Hollingsworth out of the Governor General's chair. On a number of occasions, Pell has addressed every charge put to him. In recent years, Victorian police have begun leaking allegations of actual abuse against Pell, not from dereliction of duty. Some of the leaked allegations were demonstrably false. Now the issue has arisen that Pell is not having his counsel paid for, and must fund his defence against lies, smears, leaks. And it looks like the Pope has used the pedophile lobby to end the career of a conservative cardinal. 

In 437, Emperor Valentinian III began his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ended her regency, but continued to exercise political influence at the court in Rome. 626, Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, ambushed and killed his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Xuanwu Gate Incident. 706, in ChinaEmperor Zhongzong of Tang interred the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an. 963, the imperial army proclaimed Nicephorus Phocas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea. 1298, the Battle of Göllheim was fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.

1613, the first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall took place. 1644, English Civil WarBattle of Marston Moor. 1698, Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine. 1776, the Continental Congress adopted a resolution severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence was not approved until July 4. 1777, Vermont became the first American territory to abolish slavery.

In 1816, the French frigate Méduse struck the Bank of Arguin and 151 people on board had to be evacuated on an improvised raft, a case immortalised by Géricault's painting Raft of the Medusa. 1822, thirty-five slaves were hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organising a slave rebellion. 1823, Bahia Independence Day: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia. 1839, twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué took over the slave ship Amsted.

1853, the Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War. 1871, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy entered Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States. 1881, Charles J. Guiteau shot and fatally wounded U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually died from an infection on September 19. 1890, the U.S. Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. 1897, Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtained a patent for radio in London1934, the Night of the Long Knives ended with the death of Ernst Röhm. 1937, Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan were last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.

I am very good and don't deserve the abuse given me. I created a video raising awareness of anti police feeling among western communities. I chose the senseless killing of Nicola Cotton, a Louisiana policewoman who joined post Katrina, to highlight the issue. I did this in order to get an income after having been illegally blacklisted from work in NSW for being a whistleblower. I have not done anything wrong. Local council appointees refused to endorse my work, so I did it for free. Youtube's Adsence refused to allow me to profit from their marketing it. Meanwhile, I am hostage to abysmal political leadership and hopeless journalists. My shopfront has opened on Facebook.

Here is a video I made War

"Ginger Mick was a likeable rogue who, before he answered the call to arms to defend democracy, sold fresh rabbits in the streets of Melbourne. This book tells of his tender love for Rose and his experiences at war in North Africa. The verse is full of humour and pathos and truly captures the spirit of the era.


=== from 2016 ===
Election results are not finalised, but the worst possible result cannot now eventuate. The worst result being a strong win for Turnbull. The next worst result of an ALP win seems impossible. The most likely result has Libs on 75 without a majority, 5 others and ALP on 71. Greens have one seat. Xenophon has one seat. Wilkie in Tasmania. Katter in Queensland. McGowan in Victoria. Turnbull has delivered a circus, not a parliament. He has campaigned very badly, and his judgement is very bad. Throwing away half the senate was petulant, and more likely related to trashing Abbott's legacy than smart politics. 

A few days prior to the election, I contacted a Liberal in an adjacent seat. I offered my service, mentioning that I had a plan that could improve numeracy in most high schools in Victoria. In reply I was told (verbatim) "I have a very keen interest in education policy. Im pleased to advise that over the next four years, a re-elected Turnbull Government will increase education spending in Victoria by 26 per cent. Although an increase in education spending does not always lead to better educational outcomes, it is my hope that this record funding will provide certainty for schools who help shape and educate our next generation. " My numeracy plan is free. It costs nothing. Turnbull has a plan to spend money. Not as much as the ALP, but entirely wasted. 

For some, at the moment, the Sex Party has more credibility. 
=== from 2015 ===
Greece is still in the news. The Greek PM still seems to feel he can spend other peoples money. He is advocating a policy that will see Greece exit the EU. It is bad economic policy which got Greece into this condition. Surely it is obvious that austerity is better and there is no future for getting into further debt. It is true Greece voted for the government they have, but only after being egged on by the international press. 

Gay Marriage is in the news again after leaked plans to get the government to allow a vote of conscience. It is important that any legislation protects the rights of churches to act on conscience. 
From 2014
Rolf Harris should be ashamed of himself. Having read some of his writings, I gather he is and has been. He is convicted of sexual exploitation of minors. The victims are gearing up for a lawsuit. There is no defence for what Harris has done, although he has claimed the sex contact was when the girls were legal and he has denied the pawing. Even accepting what he admits, he is compromised, but he admits no crime. Some have raised the issue of appreciating his art, but his art is not at issue, save his comedy .. and the comedy gets close to the bone. That is what comedy does. Comedians cross boundaries to be funny, and Rolf's stand up can be confronting. Does that mean it isn't funny? Were it exploitation of his victims on stage ala Saville then it is calculated evil. But I don't see it being like that. Harris denies being as Michael Jackson was accused and admitted. Were Harris to have had porn, child slumber parties and jesus juice he would have been slam dunked. Harris has not been accused of what Roman Polanski fled. Yet the ABC reporting his conviction denounced exactly that. The trial of Harris is not going to relax Julian Assange cringing in his ambassadorial suite. 

One good match does not make a career. Nick Kyrgios played well against Nadal on grass, a surface which suited one over the other, but another grass encounter could go another way. Kudos to Kyrgios, and good luck for the next match. Defeating a world number one from a player ranked beneath the top 100 has not happened in a grand slam since the mid '70s. It highlights the high skill set of tennis today. Nick won a match well, but tennis is the winner. 

Nostradamus died on this day in 1566 .. he didn't see it coming. England lost her Bobby in 1850, and the world lost James Stewart in '97. But nothing worthwhile, nothing loved is ever entirely lost. I thank Mr Peeler for the gift he gave us of civilisation. And Mr Stewart in his character in a Wonderful Life made it wonderful. 

On this day in 1698, Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine. In 1839, a slave rebellion occurred on board Amistaad. 1897, Marconi patented the radio. It is a big day, and punctuated with a long knife taking Ernst Rohm's worthless life in 1934. Blood was pouring, and it would not stop for another eleven years. 
Historical perspective on this day
In 437, Emperor Valentinian III began his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ended her regency, but continued to exercise political influence at the court in Rome. 626, Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, ambushed and killed his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Xuanwu Gate Incident. 706, in ChinaEmperor Zhongzong of Tang interred the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an. 963, the imperial army proclaimed Nicephorus PhocasEmperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea. 1298, the Battle of Göllheim was fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.

In 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas was ratified by Spain. 1504, Bogdan III the One-Eyedbecame Voivode of Moldavia. 1555, the Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacked the Italian city of Paola. 1561, MenasEmperor of Ethiopia, defeated a revolt in Emfraz. 1582, Battle of YamazakiToyotomi Hideyoshi defeated Akechi Mitsuhide. 1613, the first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall took place. 1644, English Civil WarBattle of Marston Moor. 1698, Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine. 1776, the Continental Congress adopted a resolution severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britainalthough the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence was not approved until July 4. 1777, Vermont became the first American territory to abolish slavery.

In 1816, the French frigate Méduse struck the Bank of Arguin and 151 people on board had to be evacuated on an improvised raft, a case immortalised by Géricault's painting Raft of the Medusa. 1822, thirty-five slaves were hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organising a slave rebellion. 1823, Bahia Independence Day: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia. 1839, twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué took over the slave ship Amistad. Also 1839, Abdülmecid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam. 1853, the Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War. 1871, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy entered Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States. 1881, Charles J. Guiteau shot and fatally wounded U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually died from an infection on September 19. 1890, the U.S. Congresspassed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. 1897, Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtained a patent for radio in London.

In 1900, the first Zeppelin flight took place on Lake Constance near FriedrichshafenGermany. Also 1900, Jean SibeliusFinlandia received its première performance in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus. 1917, the East St. Louis Riotended. 1921, World War IU.S. President Warren G. Harding signed the Knox–Porter Resolution formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany. 1934, the Night of the Long Knives ended with the death of Ernst Röhm. 1937, Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan were last heard from over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.

Mrs. Aisha Buhari, the Wife of the President, on Sunday, left Nigeria for London in the United Kingdom, to visit her husband, Muhammadu Buhari, who has been receiving medical attention in the British capital since May 7.

She will, however, have a stopover in Addis Abba, Ethiopia, before continuing her journey to London on Tuesday.

This marks the second time Mrs. Buhari would be visiting her ailing husband since he embarked on his second medical vacation of the year close to 60 days ago.

According to a statement by the Director of Information to the Wife of the President, Suleiman Haruna, on Sunday, the President’s wife would use the opportunity of her latest visit to convey the best wishes of Nigerians and their prayers to her husband.

Mrs. Buhari’s stopover in Addis Abba will afford her the opportunity to attend a meeting of the Organisation of African First Ladies against HIV/AIDS which will hold on Monday (today).

The statement read, “Wife of the President, Mrs. Aisha Muhammadu Buhari, left for London, the United Kingdom, on Sunday, July 2, 2017, to visit her husband who is on medical vacation.

“She will convey to the President the best wishes of Nigerians and their fervent prayers for his quick recovery.

“She is expected to have a stopover at Addis Ababa, to make a symbolic appearance at the meeting of the Organisation of African First Ladies against HIV/AIDS on Monday, July 3, 2017.

“She will join other members to celebrate the 15th anniversary of the organisation, and use the opportunity to restate the voting rights of Nigeria in the upcoming elections of the organisation.

“She will continue her journey to the United Kingdom on Tuesday, July 4, 2017.”

Mrs. Buhari had, on May 30, travelled to London to join her husband, three weeks after he embarked on his latest medical vacation.

She returned to the country in the early hours of June 6 after spending one week in London.

She had said the President would soon return to join Nigerians as, according to her, he was recuperating fast.

          Job: Regional Funding Manager – East Africa   
Organization: WaterAidCountry: Ethiopia, Uganda, United Republic of TanzaniaClosing date: 24 Jul 2017It’s hard to believe that today over 663million people still don’t have clean, safe water and over...

          Job: Country Safety Coordinator For Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, And Djibouti   
GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES The country safety coordinator will be responsible for the implementation of the DRC safety risk management system (SRMS) throughout DRC’s areas of operation in Ethiopia and...

          Thai Police and Soldiers Raid Pattaya Pool Party   
– PATTAYA – About 150 people, both Thais and foreigners, were attending a poolside party in Pattaya, Thailand when it was raided by team of 50 military and police officers on Saturday night. The raid, led by the Bang Lamung District Chief, Naris Niramaiwong and Pattaya Police Chief, Pol Col Apichai Krobphet was launched at […]
          South Sudan FVP to attend AU summit   

South Sudan’s First Vice President Taban Deng Gai left for Ethiopia on Sunday to attend the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union to be held in Addis Ababa from 3-4 July. Gai, who was accompanied by senior government officials, will represent President Salva Kiir during […]

The post South Sudan FVP to attend AU summit appeared first on Times of News.

          Aisha Buhari returns to London to visit President Buhari   

Wife of President Buhari, Aisha Buhari, is on her way to London to visit her husband, President Buhari, who is currently on medical leave there. According to a statement issued by the director of information, office of the wife of the president, Suleiman Haruna today, Mrs Buhari would stop over at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, en […]

The post Aisha Buhari returns to London to visit President Buhari appeared first on illuminaija.

          Zemen - Part 34 (Ethiopian Drama)   

Ethiopian drama - full length

Produced by Balcha Entertainment

Cast: Abebe Balcha, Solomon Bogale, Seyoum Tefera, Hana Yohannes, Samson Tadesse, Solomon Alemu Feleke, Ruta Mengistab, Elias Shafi, Frehiwot Arega, Hana Terefe, Frehiwot Seyoum, Mahlet Zewdie, Zewdu Abegaz, Mulunesh Tessema, Kaleb Aryasilassie, Biruktawit Samuel, Eskinder Tamiru, Frehiwot Tamrat, Hiwot Yohannes, Tsedey Fantahun, Ayu Girma, Tinsae Birhan, Natay Getachew

Producer: Dereje Araya

Writer: Mesfin Getachew

Directors: Solomon Alemu Feleke, Mesfin Getachew

Assistant Directors: Tariku Desalegn, Zekariyas Amerga

Editors: Elias Kebede, Daniel Tewodros

Graphics: Tekle Getachew, Awoke Tasew

Cinematography: Tariku Desalen

Camera: Yonas Yismaw

Audio: Thomas Nigussie

          Meleket - Part 76 (Ethiopian Drama)   

Ethiopian drama - full length

          VA - Ethiopian Urban and Tribal Music (Mindanoo Mistiru / Gold from Wax) (2017)   

Artist: VA
      Title: Ethiopian Urban and Tribal Music (Mindanoo Mistiru / Gold from Wax)
      Year Of Release: 2017
      Label: Sub Rosa

          Uganda/South Africa: Onyango Sends Mamelodi Sundowns to Last Eight With Penalty Save   
[Monitor] Kampala -Denis Onyango's penalty save was the building block upon which Mamelodi Sundowns beat St. George 1-0 away in Ethiopia to advance to the Caf Champions League quarterfinals on Saturday.
          Interview: GLAAD talks to Nicole Garcia, a transgender Latina and future Lutheran minister   

In an effort to continually raise awareness and celebrate transgender people, GLAAD has conducted interviews with transgender individuals of faith as part of an ongoing series. This series aims to highlight the reality that transgender people exist across many religions and faiths.

Born and educated in Boulder Colorado, Nicole Garcia is a transgender Latina. She began her gender transition in 2003 while employed as a law enforcement officer for the state of Colorado. Ten years later, she resigned from her position as a state parole officer to complete her education in counseling. On May 17, 2014, she was awarded a Master of Arts in Counseling from the University of Colorado Denver and opened her own private counseling practice.

She is enrolled in a hybrid online/campus Master of Divinity program through Luther Seminary in St. Paul MN, allowing her to pursue her calling to ordained ministry in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. She is also currently a chaplain intern at St. Anthony North Health Campus in Westminster, Colorado, in a Clinical Pastoral Education program as a part of her seminary studies. Nicole spoke with GLAAD about finding acceptance at her church, being called to ordained ministry, and much more.

GLAAD: What is your relationship to your faith?

Nicole Garcia: My faith is at the core of who I am as a human being and faith guides every aspect of my life. I was raised a Roman Catholic, but in 2003 I discovered the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). For me, I found a theology which allowed me to celebrate my faith and devotion to Jesus Christ. In 2013, I discerned a call to ordained ministry in the ELCA. I am elated the ELCA recognizes my deep and abiding faith in Jesus Christ. I am currently a seminary student in a distributed learning program in addition to being a psychotherapist and social activist.

GLAAD: How has your faith impacted your coming out process/transition?

Garcia: I transitioned from 2003 to 2006. Faith was an integral part of my transition. I first walked into St. Paul Lutheran Church in downtown Denver in April of 2003. I was embraced as a child of God and I was able to transition while enveloped in the love of the congregation. I was given many opportunities to be a full participant in every facet of congregational life and I blossomed into a strong, confident, transgender Latina.

GLAAD: What do you want to tell to people of faith who do not understand what it means to be transgender, or still hold onto misinformation and stereotypes?

Garcia: I identify as a transgender Latina, but gender is only one part of who I am as a human being. The Lord bestowed upon me many different gifts and talents. My gender identity plays a role in who I am, but so does my identity as a Latina, as a psychotherapist, as a seminary student, as a chaplain intern, and so on. I want people to know I am an authentic person with real hopes and dreams.

GLAAD: What led you to become a faith leader, and how has it been thus far?

Garcia: I was given the opportunity to speak and teach about what it means to me to be a transgender Latina of faith. Over several years, my talks centered more and more on my deep faith in Jesus Christ. People began to look to me for guidance and I can only credit the Holy Spirit for guiding me when I spoke. I found a place where I felt comfortable and inspired—the pulpit. In 2013, I decided it was time to begin the journey toward ordination.

GLAAD: What stories or lessons from you faith do you find inspiring as a transgender person?

Garcia: The verses from Acts 8: 26-39, Philip and the Ethiopian Eunuch, form the foundation of who I am as a transgender Latina. Philip had no reason to travel down the road and should not have entered into the chariot of the Eunuch, but he was guided by the Spirit. Philip and the Eunuch engaged in a Bible study and at the end of the chapter, the Eunuch was baptized. That says to me, a transgender woman of color, I can be baptized!

GLAAD: How accepting has your faith community been during your transition? Do you think they can be even more accepting?

Garcia: I have found congregations within the ELCA who love and accept me as a child of God. I believe we do have more work to do to help more congregations live out the call to love their neighbors.

GLAAD: If you could go back and tell your younger self one thing, what would it be?

Garcia: Be true to yourself and do not try live up to the expectations of others.

For more from Nicole Garcia, visit her website here.

April 6, 2016

          የጨጓራ ህመምን በቤት ውስጥ እንዴት ማከም እንችላለን   


የጨጓራ ህመም ሊከሰትባቸው ከሚችሉባቸው መንገዶች መካከል
1. ባክቴርያ 
2. ከፍተኛ አልኮል መጠጦችን መውሰድ 
3. ለረዥም ግዜ የሚወሰዱ አንዳንድ መድሃኒቶች
4.ከልክ ያለፈ መጨናነቅ
5.የመመገቢያ ሠአትን ጠብቆ አለመመገብ

የጨጓራ ህመምን በቤት ውስጥ እንዴት ማከም እንችላለን
አነስተኛ የዝንጅብል ክፍል ወስዶ ከምግብ በፊት መውሰድ የምግብ ልመትን ያፋጥናል በተጨማሪም የጨጓራ ባክቴሪያን ያክማል፡፡
በባክቴሪያ ምክንያት ለሚከሠት የጨጓራ ህመም ተመራጭ ነው፡፡
ግማሽ ብርጭቆ የድንች ጁስን በቀን 3 ጊዜ ምግብ ከመመገብ 15 ደቂቃ በፊት መጠጣት 
4.ቆስጣ እና ካሮት 
የቆስጣ ጁስ እና የካሮት ጁስን በመደባለቅ መጠጣት 
በቀን ከ8-10ብርጭቆ ውሃ መጠጣት 
6.በፆም ወቅት ፍሬሽ የሆኑ የፍራፍሬ ጁሶችን መጠቀም ለምሳሌ ወይን ብርቱካን አፕል ፓፓያ…
7.ብዙ ምግብ በአንድ ጊዜ አለመመገብ ምክንያቱም ብዙ ምግብ በአንድ ጊዜ መመገብ የምግብ ልመትን ስለሚያዘገይ ትንሽ ትንሽ ምግብ ሠአትን ጠብቆ መመገብ
8.ሁል ጊዜ በባዶ ሆድ የሞቀ ውሃ መጠጣት
9.በአንድ ገበታ ላይ የተለያዩ ምግቦችን አደባልቀው አለመመገብ
10.ከመተኛቶ 2 ሠዓት በፊት እራት መመገብ
11.በቫይታሚን ቢ12 እና አይረን የበለፀጉ ምግቦችን መመገብ
12.ስጋና የስጋ ተዋፅዎ መቀነስ በተለይ ለእራት አለመጠቀም
13.አልኮል ሲጃራና ጫትን አለመጠቀም
14.ቡናና ሻይ መቀነስ
14.ኬክ እና በፋብሪካ የተቀነባበሩ ምግቦችን አለመጠቀም
15.በሀኪም ያልታዘዙ መድሀኒቶች አለመውሰድ
16.ቅመማ ቅመም መቀነስ

ምንጭ:- ጠናችን

          የክትባት መርፌ ለሚፈሩ አዲስ የመከተቢያ ዘዴ አግኝተናል::   


ክትባቶችን ለመውሰድ መርፌ መወጋት የግድ የሚሆንበት ጊዜ ይኖራል፤ ሆኖም ግን አንዳንዶች መርፌውን በመፍራት እስካለመከተብ ሲደርሱ ይስተዋላል።

አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ክትባቶችን አለመከተብ ደግሞ በጤናችን ላይ የሚያመጣው ጉዳት ይታወቃል።

ተመራማሪዎች ከዚህ በኋላ በመርፌ ፍራቻ ክትባት አለመከተብ ሊያከትምለት ነው ያሉ ሲሆን፥ ከህመም የፀዳ እና አዲስ የመከተቢያ መንገድ ማግኘታቸውንም አስታውቀዋል።

አዲሱ የመከተቢያ መንገድ በቆዳ ላይ የሚለጠፍ ፕላስተር መሳይ ነገር ሲሆን፥ ይህም ፀጉር መሳይ ጥቃቅን መርፌዎችን የያዘ ነው።

በፕላስተሩ ላይ ያሉት ጥቃቅን መርፌዎችን ቀስ እያሉ ቆዳችንን ከፍተው ወደ ውስጥ የሚገቡ መሆናቸውን ተመራማሪዎቹ ይናገራሉ።

በፕላስተሩ አማካኝነት ክትባት መውሰድ የሚፈልጉ ሰዎችም ፕላስተሩን ቆዳቸው ላይ መለጠፍ ብቻ ነው የሚጠበቅባቸው ሲሉም ተመራማሪዎቹ አብራርተዋል።

ይህም በርካቶችን ይረዳል ያሉት ተመራማሪዎቹ፥ በተለይም መርፌ የመወጋት ፍራቻ ያለባቸው ሰዎች በዚህ መንገድ የሰውነታቸውን በሽታ የመከላከል ስርዓት ማስጠበቅ ይችላሉ ብለዋል።

ከዚህ በተጨማሪም ፕላስተሩን አሁን በጥቅም ላይ ያሉት እንደ ኢንፉሌንዛ ያሉ የክትባት አይነቶች የግድ ማቀዝቀዣ ውስጥ ማስቀመጥ አይጠበቅብምን ተብሏል።

የመድሃኒት መደብሮች (ፋርማሲዎች) ልክ እንደ ሌሎች መድሃኒቶች መደርደሪያዎቻቸው ላይ አስቀምጠው መሸጥ ይችላሉ።

አዲሱን የመከተቢያ ዘዴ በፈቃደኝነት የሞከሩ ሰዎችን ለክትባት መርፌ ከመወጋት ይልቅ ይህንን አዲስ የመከተቢያ መንገድ እንመርጣለን ሲሉ ተሰምተዋል።

አዲሱ መከተቢያ በአሜሪካ ብሄራዊ የጤና ኢኒስቲቲዩት የገንዘብ ድጋፍ በጆርጂያ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ቴክኖሎጂ ኢንስቲቲዩት የተሰራ መሆኑም ተነግሯል።

በዩኒቨርሲቲው የጥናት ቡድኑ መሪ የሆኑት ፕሮፌሰር ማርክ ፕራውኒትዝ “ፕላስተሩን በሚያጎላ ነገር ብንመለከት በርካታ ጥቃቅን መርፌዎችን ይታዩናል፤ ሆኖም ግን ፕላስተሩ ላይ ያሉት መርፌዎች ምንም አይነት ህመም ሳይፈጥሩ ወደ ቆዳችን መግባት የሚችሉ ናቸው ብለዋል።

በአሁኑ ጊዜ ሌሎች ተመራማሪዎችም በቆዳ በኩል የሚሰጠው ህክምና ከህመም ነጻ ማድረግ በሚቻልበት ዙሪያ ላይ እየሰሩ ይገኛሉ።

በአውስትራሊያ የሚገኙ ተመራማሪዎችም “ናኖፓች” የተባለ እና በጣም አነስተኛ መርፌዎች የተገጠሙለት አዲስ ቴክኖሎጂ ዲዛይን ማድረጋቸውም ተሰምቷል።

ምንጭ፦ ቢቢሲ

          Uganda U21 Netball Squad for World Youth Cup Released   
Uganda U21 Netball Squad for World Youth Cup Released By Emmanuel Sekago The Uganda Netball federation has released the squad of 12 players who are going to represent Uganda at the 2017 World Youth Netball Cup to be hosted in Botswana, Gaborone. The team departs on Tuesday morning at 0300hrs with Ethiopian airways for the […]
          Zimbabwe: President to Hand Over AU Donation -   


Zimbabwe: President to Hand Over AU Donation
President Mugabe's pledge of cattle to the African Union Foundation expanded from 300 to thousands following overwhelming support from local farmers, Foreign Affairs Minister Simbarashe Mumbengegwi told journalists here yesterday. Speaking on the ...
African Union summit opens with financing high on the agendaRFI
President Museveni in Addis for 29th AU SummitIndependent
AccorHotels expands in Ethiopia with the signing of a new hotel in Addis AbabaEthioSports
Xinhua -Nyasa Times -Deutsche Welle -Firstpost
all 78 news articles »

          AIsha Buhari OFF To Visit Sick Hubby Again   
According to a statement issued on Sunday, the president’s wife would stop over at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, en route London. “She is expected to stop over at Addis Ababa, to make a symbolic appearance at the meeting of the Organization of African First Ladies against HIV/AIDS (OAFLA) on Monday 3rd July, 2017,” read the statement signed by Suleiman Haruna, director of information, office of
          Africa: Cherotich Claims Double As Lekuta Reigns in Under-20 Champs   
[Nation] World Under-18 1,500m bronze medallist Joyline Cherotich completed a double when she won the women's 1,500m, while Solomon Lekuta crushed the Ethiopian hurdle for men's 800m victory as the Africa Under-20 Championships ended on Sunday in Tlemcen, Algeria.
          AUC Chairperson highlights four main issues during the African Union Executive Council meeting   
The 31st Ordinary Session of the African Union’s (AU) Executive Council, under the theme “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through Investments in the Youth” was officially opened today 30th June, 2017 at the African Union Headquarters, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, ahead of the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of AU Heads of States and Government, scheduled […]
          Ethiopia Attains Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination   
“Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination in Ethiopia is hereby validated!” That was the conclusion of the joint mission from UNICEF and WHO today at its debriefing sessions with: the Ethiopian Ministry of Health; the WHO Representative to Ethiopia; and the UNICEF Representative to Ethiopia. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has thus become 42nd country […]
          Osinbajo off to Addis Ababa for AU summit   
Acting President Yemi Osinbajo, on Monday morning, left Nigeria for Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to participate in the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union (AU). Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity (Office of the Vice-President), Mr Laolu Akande, confirmed this development on his twitter handle, on Monday, in...
          Makamu wa Rais apaa kuelekea Ethiopia kuhudhuria mkutano wa 29 wa AU   
Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan ameondoka nchini jana  jioni  kuelekea Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ambapo atahudhuria Mkutano wa 29 wa Wakuu wa  Nchi na Serikali  wa Umoja wa Afrika (AU).

Katika uwanja wa Ndege wa Kimataifa wa Julius Nyerere Jijini Dar es Salaam, Makamu wa Rais Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan aliagwa na Viongozi mbalimbali  wa Serikali.

Katika Mkutano huo wa siku mbili kuanzia tarehe 03-hadi 04 Julai-2017, Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan atamuakilisha Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Magufuli kwenye mkutano huo.

 Kabla ya ufunguzi rasmi, Mkutano huo ulitanguliwa na vikao vya Baraza la Utendaji linalowashirikisha Mawaziri wa Mambo ya Nje na Kamati ya Uwakilishi wa Kudumu  inayowahusisha Makatibu Wakuu wa Wizara za Mambo ya Nje kutoka nchi Wanachama wa Umoja wa Afrika.

Mkutano huo wa Wakuu wa Nchi  na Serikali  utafunguliwa rasmi leo tarehe 03-Julai-2017 katika Makao Makuu ya Umoja wa Afrika Jijini Addis Ababa, Ethiopia na  utajikita katika kujadili masuala mbalimbali yanayohusu umoja huo.

Miongoni mwa mambo yatakayojadiliwa katika Mkutano huo ni pamoja na taarifa  kuhusu Maboresho katika Baraza la Usalama la Umoja wa Mataifa na maboresho ya kitaasisi katika AU na  hali ya Ulinzi na Usalama katika bara la Afrika.

Kuhusu  hali ya  ulinzi na usalama katika Bara la Afrika majadiliano ya Viongozi hao yatajikita zaidi kwenye nchi za Sudan Kusini, Burundi, Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo- DRC na Libya.  Aidha, majadiliano hayo pia yatagusa  hali ya usalama kwenye baadhi ya nchi ambazo ziliathiriwa na kundi la Boko Haram za  Nigeria, Niger, Chad na Cameroon.

Mkutano huo 29 wa AU, unatarajiwa kuhuduhuriwa na viongozi mbalimbali akiwemo Katibu Mkuu wa Umoja wa Mataifa Antonio Guterres na Rais wa Mamlaka ya Palestina Mahmoud Abbas.

Mkutano huo 29 wa AU utakaofanyika Jijini Addis Ababa, Ethiopia utaongozwa na Mheshimiwa  Alpha Conde  Rais wa Jamhuri ya Guinea ambaye ndiye Mwenyekiti wa AU.

Kauli Mbiu ya Mkutano huo ni Kuimarisha Mgawanyiko wa Idadi ya Watu Kupitia Uwekezaji katika Vijana (Harnessing Demographic Divident Through Investments in the Youth)

Imetolewa na Ofisi ya Makamu wa Rais wa
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

          Riak Machar’s rejection to meet with dialogue committee ‘is not a stumbling block’ #SouthSudan   
A delegation from the national dialogue steering committee that traveled to South Africa to meet with Riak Machar has returned to Juba without meeting with the opposition leader. The team led by co-chairman Angelo Beda, had gone to consult with Machar on the National dialogue process. Alfred Taban, spokesperson of the national dialogue steering committee says the opposition leader responded in writing, demanding for implementation of the peace agreement first, before he can fully participate in the dialogue. Another team is in Addis Ababa Ethiopia and will proceed to Khartoum to meet with Lam Akol and other opposition leaders. Alfred Taban spoke with Sebit William in this interview.
          Nigeria’s Acting President Osinbajo Attends AU Summit In Addis Ababa   

The Acting President, Yemi Osinbajo, SAN, is currently at the 29th Ordinary Session of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia representing Nigeria. He is joined by heads of states and governments from all over the continent and other invited global and continental leaders at the summit.  “The session is themed ‘Harnessing the Demographic Dividend […]

The post Nigeria’s Acting President Osinbajo Attends AU Summit In Addis Ababa appeared first on

          New WHO director from Ethiopia begins work    
GENEVA, Switzerland (AFP) — The new director general of the World Health Organization Tedros Adhanom took over managing the UN health agency, the WHO said.
          Former presidents in Ethiopia ahead of AU Heads of State Summit    
Former Heads of State have arrived in Ethiopia’s capital hours to the opening of the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Heads of State and Government on July 3.
           Barber shops around the world presented in photos    
It's an ancient tradition kept alive in cultures around the world, presented here in colourful images from Norwich and North Korea to Ethiopia and Turkey.
          President Barrow Attends 29th Summit of the African Union in Addis Ababa   

President Barrow and his entourage are attending the 29th Summit of the African Union currently under way in the Ethiopian Capital Addis Ababa from July 3rd – 4th of July 2017. The President departed Banjul on Sunday July 2nd and is expected to arrive in Addis Ababa the same day. This will be President Barrow’s [...]

The post President Barrow Attends 29th Summit of the African Union in Addis Ababa appeared first on GAINAKO.

          Osinbajo leaves Abuja for AU Summit in Ethiopia   

The Acting President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo, on Monday morning, left Nigeria for Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to participate in the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union (AU). Mr Laolu Akande, the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity (Office of the Vice-President) confirmed this development on his twitter handle […]

The post Osinbajo leaves Abuja for AU Summit in Ethiopia appeared first on New Telegraph Online.

          Nigeria’s Acting President Osinbajo Attends AU Summit In Addis Ababa   

The Acting President, Yemi Osinbajo, SAN, is currently at the 29th Ordinary Session of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia representing Nigeria. He is joined by heads of states and governments from all over the continent and other invited global and continental leaders at the summit.  “The session is themed ‘Harnessing the Demographic Dividend […]

The post Nigeria’s Acting President Osinbajo Attends AU Summit In Addis Ababa appeared first on

Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan amewasili usiku huu Jijini Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ambapo hapo kesho tarehe 03 Julai 2017 atahudhuria Mkutano wa 29 wa Wakuu wa  Nchi na Serikali  wa Umoja wa Afrika (AU).

Katika uwanja wa Ndege wa Kimataifa wa Bole Jijini Addis Ababa Makamu wa Rais Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan amepokelewa na viongozi mbalimbali wa Serikali ya Ethiopia Pamoja na Balozi wa Tanzania nchini Ethiopia Naimi Aziz na Waziri wa Mambo ya nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki Dkt Augustine Mahiga.

Katika Mkutano huo wa siku mbili kuanzia tarehe 03-hadi 04 Julai-2017, Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan atamuakilisha Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Magufuli kwenye mkutano huo.

 Kabla ya ufunguzi rasmi, Mkutano huo ulitanguliwa na vikao vya Baraza la Utendaji linalowashirikisha Mawaziri wa Mambo ya Nje na Kamati ya Uwakilishi wa Kudumu  inayowahusisha Makatibu Wakuu wa Wizara za Mambo ya Nje kutoka nchi Wanachama wa Umoja wa Afrika.

Mkutano huo wa Wakuu wa Nchi  na Serikali  utafunguliwa rasmi kesho tarehe 03-Julai-2017 katika Makao Makuu ya Umoja wa Afrika Jijini Addis Ababa, Ethiopia na  utajikita katika kujadili masuala mbalimbali yanayohusu umoja huo.

Miongoni mwa mambo yatakayojadiliwa katika Mkutano huo ni pamoja na taarifa  kuhusu Maboresho katika Baraza la Usalama la Umoja wa Mataifa na maboresho ya kitaasisi katika AU na  hali ya Ulinzi na Usalama katika bara la Afrika.

Kuhusu  hali ya  ulinzi na usalama katika Bara la Afrika majadiliano ya Viongozi hao yatajikita zaidi kwenye nchi za Sudan Kusini, Burundi, Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo- DRC na Libya.  Aidha, majadiliano hayo pia yatagusa  hali ya usalama kwenye baadhi ya nchi ambazo ziliathiriwa na kundi la Boko Haram za  Nigeria, Niger, Chad na Cameroon.

Mkutano huo 29 wa AU, unatarajiwa kuhuduhuriwa na viongozi mbalimbali akiwemo Katibu Mkuu wa Umoja wa Mataifa Antonio Guterres na Rais wa Mamlaka ya Palestina Mahmoud Abbas.

Mkutano huo 29 wa AU utakaofanyika Jijini Addis Ababa, Ethiopia utaongozwa na Mheshimiwa  Alpha Conde  Rais wa Jamhuri ya Guinea ambaye ndiye Mwenyekiti wa AU.

Kauli Mbiu ya Mkutano huo ni Kuimarisha Mgawanyiko wa Idadi ya Watu Kupitia Uwekezaji katika Vijana (Harnessing Demographic Divident Through Investments in the Youth)

Imetolewa na

Ofisi ya Makamu wa Rais wa
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

 Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan amewasili usiku huu Jijini Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ambapo hapo kesho tarehe 03 Julai 2017 atahudhuria Mkutano wa 29 wa Wakuu wa  Nchi na Serikali  wa Umoja wa Afrika (AU).Mhe.Samia amepokelewa na viongozi mbalimbali wa Serikali ya Ethiopia Pamoja na Balozi wa Tanzania nchini Ethiopia Naimi Aziz na Waziri wa Mambo ya nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki Dkt Augustine Mahiga.
 Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan akisalimiana na Waziri wa Mambo ya nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki Dkt Augustine Mahiga mara baada ya kuwasili jijini Addis Ababa,nchini Ethiopia usiku huu.
Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassa akizungumza jambo na Rais Mstaafu wa awamu ya nne wa Tanzania,Dkt Jakaya Kikwete mara baada ya kuwasili jijini Addis Ababa mapema usiku huu

          [The Presidential Blog] Professor Osinbajo in Addis Ababa for the AU summit   

The Acting President is currently in Ethiopia attending the 29th Ordinary Session of the African Union. According to an official...

Read » [The Presidential Blog] Professor Osinbajo in Addis Ababa for the AU summit on YNaija

          Mastercard partners Kifiya on digital finance in Ethiopia   
(Telecompaper) Mastercard and digital service provider Kifiya have partnered to introduce a simple, secure and convenient digital solution that will allow citizens to pay for all bills in one location in Ethiopia...
          VP Osinbajo Departs Nigeria for Ethiopia   

Nigeria’s Acting President Yemi Osinbajo is out of the country. The Vice President departed Addis Ababa on Monday morning and will be back in the country the same day, a statement from his office said. “AgP Osinbajo ‘ll be attending summit of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He leaves Abuja this morning & […]

The post VP Osinbajo Departs Nigeria for Ethiopia appeared first on News.

          "The shadow of a mighty Negro past flits through the tale of Ethiopia and of the Egypt the Sphinx. Throughout history, the powers of single blacks flash like falling stars, and die sometimes before the world has rightly gauged their brightness." - W. E. B. Du Bois   
"The shadow of a mighty Negro past flits through the tale of Ethiopia and of the Egypt the Sphinx. Throughout history, the powers of single blacks flash like falling stars, and die sometimes before the world has rightly gauged their brightness." - W. E. B. Du Bois
          በደቡባዊ ጀርምን 18 ሰዎች በመኪና አድጋ ሂወታቸውን አጡ   

46 ሰዎችን ጭኖ ሲጓዝ የነበረው የመንገድኞች አውቶብስ በሰሜናዊ ባቫሪያ አከባቢ ከአንድ ከባድ ትሽከርካሪ ጋር ተጋጭቶ ያስነሳው እሳት ለአደጋው መክፋት ምክንያት ሆኗል ነው የተባለ።

30 የሚሆኑ ተሳፋሪዎችም በእሳት ከተያያዘው አውቶብስ ውስጥ መውጣት የቻሉ ቢሆንም የተወሰኑት ከባድ ጉዳት ደርሶባቸዋል።

የጀርምኗ መራሂተ መንግስት አንጌላ መርክል በደረስው አደጋው የተሰማቸውን ሃዘን ገልጠዋል።

እሰካሁን አደጋው በምን ምክንያት እንደደረሰ የታወቀ ነገር የለም

አውቶብሱ  ጡርተኞችን አሳፍሮ ሳክሶኒ ከተባለችው አከባቢ እየተመለሰ ነበር

ከሟቾቹ መካከል አሽከርካሪው ይገኝበታል



          የጎንደር ዩንቨርሲቲ ቱሪስቶች በሞባይል የተሟላ መረጃ ማግኘት የሚያስችላቸውን ቴክኖሎጂ ፈጠረ።   


ዩኒቨርሲቲው በሰሜንና ደቡብ ጎንደር የሚገኙ ታሪካዊ ቅርሶችን የሚያመላክት ካርታ ከማዘጋጀቱም በላይ አማርኛን ወደ ጀርመንኛ ቋንቋ መተርጎም የሚያስችል ቴክኖሎጂ /የሞባይል መተግበሪያ አፕሊኬሽንም/ ፈጥሯል፡፡

የሞባይል መተግበሪያው በከተማው ስለሚገኙ አለምአቀፍ ቅርሶች አጭር መረጃን የሚሰጥ ሲሆን የመጓጓዣ አቅጣጫዎችንና የማረፊያ ቦታዎችንም ጭምር ለጎብኚዎች ጥቆማ መስጠት ይችላል፡፡

አማርኛን ወደ ጀርመንኛ ቋንቋ የሚተረጉመው የሞባይል መተግበሪያ ደግሞ አስጎብኚዎች ከቱሪሰቶች ጋር በቀላሉ እንዲግባቡ፣ በሆቴሎች በምግብ ቤቶችና በግብይት ስፍራዎችም ቱሪስቶች ያለችግር አገልግሎት ማግኘት እንዲችሉ ይረዳል፡፡

ለሁለቱ ዞኖች የሚያገለግለው የቱሪስት ካርታም ዋና ዋና ቅርሶች የሚገኙባቸውን ቦታዎች፣ ከዋና መንገድ ያላቸውን ርቀትና የክረምት ከበጋ የመንገድ አማራጮችን የሚያመላክት ነው፡፡

በዩኒቨርሲቲው የቱሪዝም ማኔጅመንትና በኮምፒውተር ሳይንስ ትምህርት ክፍል በጋራ የተሰራው የሞባይል መተግበሪያ ፤ ኢንተርኔት አልባ ቦታዎች ላይ ጭምር መጠቀም የሚያስችል ቴክኖሎጂ ነው፡፡

የዩኒቨርሲቲው ፕሬዘዳንት ዶክተር ደሳለኝ መንገሻ ዩኒቨርሲቲው በምርምር ዘርፍ ችግር ፈቺ የቴክኖሎጂ የፈጠራ ስራዎች ለህብረሰሰቡ ጥቅም የሚውሉበትን መንገድ በማመቻቸት በኩል ትኩረት ሰጥቶ እየሰራ መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡

መምሪያው የሞባይል መተግበሪያዎቹን በቱሪስት ማዕከላት በሆቴሎችና በተቋማት እንዲደርሱ በማድረግ ለሃገር ውስጥና ለውጭ ቱሪስቶች በማስተዋወቅ  በስፋት ጥቅም ላይ የሚውሉበትን ሁኔታ ለማመቻቸት መዘጋጀቱንም አስታውቀዋል፡፡

ጎንደር ከተማ በአለም ቅርስነት የተመዘገበውን የአጼ ፋሲል ቤተ-መንግስትና የመዋኛ ስፍራን ጨምሮ የደብረብርሃን ስላሴና የቁስቋም ጥንታዊ አብያተ ክርስቲያናት መገኛ ነው፡፡




          Migrants: a conference in Rome on July 6 with EU and UN authorities, countries of origin and transit   
ROME, JULY 2 – On Thursday 6 July,  the Farnesina will host the Ministerial Conference entitled “A shared responsibility for a common goal: solidarity and security” with the goal to enhance the existing partnership with Countries of origin and transit of migrations, protect the EU borders and put a special focus on the respect of migrants and refugees human rights. The Conference, organized by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, will be opened by the Italian Minister Angelino Alfano along with his Deputy Mario Giro. It will be attended by the Ministers of the Countries of Origin and Transit of Migration  (Libya, Niger, Tunisia, Egypt, Chad, Ethiopia, Sudan), along with some  EU member countries (Germany, Austria, Spain, France, The Netherlands, Malta, Estonia), the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,  Federica Mogherini,  the Deputy High Commissioner of the UNHCR, Volker Turk, the Director General of the IOM, William Lacy Swing, and the special representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations for International Migration, Louise Arbour. (@OnuItalia)  
          Osinbajo in Ethiopia for AU Summit   

The Acting President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo, is representing Nigeria at the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union in Ethiopia.

The post Osinbajo in Ethiopia for AU Summit appeared first on Vanguard News.

          Why 581 million Indians endure India's worst healthcare   
Nine of India's poorest states–home to 581 million or 48% of India's population–account for 70% of the country's infant deaths, 75% of under-five deaths and 62% of maternal deaths, but do not spend even the money they have set aside for healthcare, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of 2017 Reserve Bank of India data on state budgets.

The data also reveal:

a. The maternal mortality ratio–deaths of mothers per 100,000 births–in these states is 32% higher (244) than the national average (167).

b. 38% and 40% children in these states are underweight (low weight-for-age) and stunted (low height-for-age), respectively, higher than the national average of 36% and 38%, respectively, according to 2015-16 national health data, the latest available.

c. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan–with 372 million people, more than the combined populations of US, Australia, Sweden and Greece–together contribute to about 58% of all child deaths in India.

The nine poorest large states–in official jargon called "high-focus", a term that implies they need special attention–spent an average of 4.7% of their social-sector expenditure on public healthcare and family welfare annually, marginally less than the national average of 4.8%. Social-sector expenditure includes water supply and sanitation, housing and urban development.

NOTE: * – Actual Figures; ** – Maternal mortality ratio in these states (Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Telangana and Tripura) is 126 deaths per 100,000 births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS) Report published in 2011-13

India's average spending on health, as a proportion of gross domestic product, is already the lowest among BRICS nations, as IndiaSpend reported on May 8, 2017.

The "high-focus" states are Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Assam.

"In 2005, it was observed by (the) government of India that some states were performing poorly in various indicators," Avani Kapur, senior researcher, Accountability Initiative, an advocacy, told IndiaSpend. "So, these states were clubbed together as high-focus states and additional resources were given to improve those indicators."

Poorest states spent less money than their budgets allowed

Of the nine poorest states, Rajasthan spent the highest (5.6%) and Bihar the lowest (3.8%) proportion of aggregate expenditure on public healthcare and family welfare, according to the RBI data on 2014-15 actual spending, lower than the budgeted 4.1% for Bihar and 6.6% for Rajasthan.

Seven of the nine "high-focus" states report such underspending.

"High focus states allocate large amounts to social sector to improve their indicators but in reality they spend only a small amount, compared to what is allotted," Kapur said. "Hence, it is necessary to consider actual accounts in order to know the proper outcomes."

So, while some "high-focus" states spent less money than set aside by theirbudgets, other states outspent–by proportion as ratio to aggregate expenditure–other larger states on healthcare and family welfare, but that had no relation to their healthcare indicators.

For instance, Rajasthan (68.6 million people) reported an MMR of 244 deaths per 100,000 births in 2011-13, the second lowest in India and worse off than Bangladesh and Nepal, both poorer countries, by per capita income. In contrast, Andhra Pradesh (84.6 million people), another big state, spent 4.1% of total expenditure on public healthcare and family welfare but reported an MMR of 92, according to government data.

Since 2008, Rajasthan increased its spending by 0.8% and its MMR decreased 23% while Andhra Pradesh's spending increased by 0.5% and MMR decreased 31%.

Assam, which spends 4.2% of its total expenditure on health and has 31.2 million people, has an MMR of 300 deaths per 100,000 births–comparable to Zambia and Thailand–while Kerala, which spends 5.3% on 33.4 million, reported an MMR of 61, comparable to Sri Lanka and Poland.

Madhya Pradesh, which reported an infant mortality rate (IMR)–deaths per 1,000 live births–of 51 in 2015-16, spends 4.3% of total expenditure on healthcare–against 5% that was budgeted–and, as IndiaSpend reported on January 21, 2016, is worse off than some of the world's poorest countries, such as the Gambia and Ethiopia.

Spending more on healthcare did not improve institutional births

In the nine "high-focus" states we studied, 72.6% of all births were in healthcare institutions, a steady improvement but below the national average of 78.9%, according to the 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) data, the latest available.

Tamil Nadu with 72.1 million people spends 4.7% of its total budgeted expenditure on public healthcare and family welfare and reports 99% institutional births, while Jharkhand, with 33 million, spends 4% and reports 61.9% institutional births.

Uttar Pradesh (78), Madhya Pradesh (65), Chhattisgarh (64), Bihar (58) and Assam (56) report India's highest under-five mortality rates–deaths per 1,000 live births–IndiaSpend reported on March 20, 2017.

Odisha reported an 118% increase in institutional births over 10 years, but the IMR declined by no more than 63% over this period.

The poor health indicators can be attributed to the lack of healthcare infrastructure and human resources in these states.

Not enough doctors and healthcare institutions

Bihar is 81% short of community health centres (CHCs), which provide secondary healthcare in the form of referrals and specialists to rural areas, and Jharkhand is 66% short of primary healthcare centres (PHCs), the first point of access to a qualified public-sector doctor in rural areas, according to the RBI report.

There is a 13% shortfall of CHCs in the "high-focus" states, according to India's Health Management Information System.

Bihar was 93% short of specialists in CHCs, while the comparable figures were 90%, 84% and 84% in Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, respectively, in March 2016, according to Accountability Initiative budget brief on National Health Mission.

The infrastructure shortage is made worse by the fact that in all the nine states, healthcare programmes are accessed by richer households while many poor households are excluded due to high direct and indirect costs, according to this 2012 study in PLOS-ONE, an online open-access scientific journal.

Such infrastructure shortages exacerbate inadequate spending and deliver low heath achievements. Increased primary healthcare spending reduces child and infant mortality rates, according to this 1999 research paper by the International Monetary Fund.

Promoting community-based education on improved maternal and newborn care, and home-based treatment for newborn infections could enhance child survival in the "high- focus" states "significantly", said the 2012 PLOS-ONE study.

(Rao is an intern with IndiaSpend.) An Indiaspend story.

( is a data-driven, public-interest journalism non-profit. is fact-checking initiative, scrutinising for veracity and context statements made by individuals and organisations in public life.)

          Photos: Aisha Buhari arrives Addis Ababa for African first ladies meeting   
Wife of President Buhari, Aisha Buhari has arrived Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to attend the meeting of the Organization of African First Ladies against HIV/AIDS (OAFLA). She arrived the
          Aisha Buhari arrives Ethopia for African first ladies meeting, leaves for London July 4 to see husband   
- The first lady of Nigeria, Aisha Buhari has arrived Ethiopia for a meeting of African first ladies- The Organisation of African First Ladies Against
          Osinbajo attends AU summit in Addis Ababa   
The Acting President, Yemi Osinbajo, SAN, will on Monday be representing Nigeria that the 29th Ordinary Session of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.According
          Osinbajo in Ethiopia for AU Summit   
The Acting President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo, is representing Nigeria at the 29th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union in Ethiopia. The session would
Rais John Magufuli akipewa maelezo na Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Mamlaka ya Usimamizi wa Bandari Tanzania (TPA), Deusdedit Kakoko kuhusu hatua za uboreshaji wa Bandari ya Dar es Salaam wakati akiweka jiwe la msingi la Mradi wa Uboreshaji wa bandari hiyo. Kutoka kulia ni Waziri wa Ujenzi, Uchukuzi na Mawasiliano, Profesa Makame Mbarawa, Mkurugenzi Mkazi wa Benki ya Dunia, Bella Bird na Balozi wa Uingereza nchini, Sarah Cooke. (Picha na Fadhili Akida).
BANDARI ya Dar es Salaam ambayo ndio lango kuu la biashara nchini, inatarajia kuongeza uwezo wake wa kupokea meli kubwa na mizigo kutoka tani za sasa milioni 18 hadi kufikia milioni 28 ndani ya miaka saba ijayo.

Mafanikio hayo yanatokana na Mradi wa Uboreshaji wa Bandari ya Dar es Salaam (DSMGP), uliozinduliwa rasmi jana na Rais John Magufuli unaolenga kuiboresha zaidi bandari hiyo kuanzia idadi ya gati zake, kina cha bandari hiyo na barabara zake. Mradi huo ambao awamu ya kwanza inatarajiwa kukamilika baada ya miezi 28, utaiwezesha bandari hiyo kuhudumia kikamilifu nchi takribani saba ambazo ni Malawi, Burundi, Zambia, Rwanda, Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopia na Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Congo (DRC).

Baada ya mradi huo kukamilika, bandari hiyo sasa itapitisha meli kubwa zenye urefu wa zaidi ya mita 300 tofauti na sasa ambako meli zinazohudumiwa ni zile zenye urefu wa mita 240 na kushusha mizigo kwa kuzingatia muda kwa kuwa itakuwa na gati zinazofanya kazi kwa uhakika zikiwemo gati maalumu kwa ajili ya kushushia mizigo. Kwa mujibu wa Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Mamlaka ya Usimamizi wa Bandari (TPA), Deusdedit Kakoko kwa sasa bandari hiyo ina uwezo wa kuhudumia tani milioni 18 za shehena na jumla ya gati 12 za kuhudumia shehena ya aina mbalimbali.

“Kati ya gati hizi, gati namba moja hadi nne zinahudumia mizigo ya kawaida, gati namba tano hadi saba zina uwezo wa kuhudumia shehena ya kontena zaidi ya 200,000 kwa mwaka chini ya usimamizi wa TPA na gati namba nane hadi kumi na moja zinahudumia kontena kupitia kitengo kinachoendeshwa na kampuni binafsi ya Tanzania International Container Terminals Services (TICTS) yenye uwezo wa kuhudumia zaidi ya kontena 400,000 kwa mwaka,” alifafanua Kakoko.

Kihistoria, mradi huo wa DSMGP ulianzishwa na serikali tangu mwaka 2009 baada ya kubaini kuwa uwezo wa Bandari ya Dar es Salaam hautakidhi mahitaji makubwa ya kuhudumia shehena siku za usoni bila kufanya maboresho makubwa. Hali hiyo ilitokana na ukweli kuwa ukarabati wa bandari hiyo haujafanyika kwa muda mrefu kwani ujenzi wa kwanza ulifanyika katika miaka ya 1940 na 1950 na ulihusisha ukarabati mkubwa katika gati namba moja hadi saba na uchimbaji wa kuongeza kina cha lango la bandari mwaka 1998.

Baada ya hapo bandari hiyo imeendelea kutoa huduma ikiwa na lango lenye kina cha wastani wa mita 12 na upana wa mita 134. Hali hiyo imesababisha bandari kuhudumia meli ndogo zenye urefu wa wastani wa mita 243. Hata hivyo, Kakoko alisema mradi huo ukikamilika miezi 28 ijayo, itakuwa imeongeza uwezo wa kuhudumia shehena kutoka tani milioni 14 za sasa hadi tani milioni 28 ifikapo mwaka 2022 badala ya tani milioni 18 ambazo zingekuwa kikomo cha bandari ya sasa kama isipoendelezwa zaidi.

Aidha, itatoa huduma kwa viwango vya kimataifa kwa kuijenga, kuiwekea vifaa na mitambo ya kisasa na kujenga mifumo ya kisasa ya Teknolojia ya Habari na Mawasiliano (TEHAMA). Mradi huo wa DSMGP una miradi midogo midogo ndani yake ipatayo 25 ambayo imegawanywa katika maeneo makubwa sita ambayo ni tafiti na usanifu na upanuzi na uimarishaji wa gati namba moja hadi saba kwa kuongeza kina kutoka mita 10 za sasa hadi mita 14.5.

Pia mradi huo utahusisha ujenzi wa gati ya kuhudumia magari, uchimbaji na upanuzi wa mlango wa kuingilia/kutokea meli na eneo la kugeuzia meli, kuongeza mashine za kukagua mzigo, milango ya kutolea shehena na mizani, pamoja na kuongeza tija na matumizi makubwa ya Tehama. Aidha, pia utahusisha kuchimba zaidi kina cha bahari kutoka wastani wa sasa wa mita 10.2 hadi mita 15.5 kwa urefu wa kilomita nane na kupanua upana wa lango kutoka mita 140 kwenda mita 170.

Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa TPA alifafanua kuwa bandari hiyo ilipitisha tani milioni 13.8 kwa mwaka jana likiwa ni ongezeko kutoka tani milioni 13.1 za mwaka 2013, na tani milioni 10.4 mwaka 2011 ikionesha ukuaji wa wastani wa asilimia tisa kwa mwaka katika kipindi cha miaka mitano iliyopita, na kwamba wingi wa mizigo unaweza kuongezeka mara dufu kutoka tani milioni 14 za sasa hadi tani milioni 38 ifikapo mwaka 2030.

Kwa upande wake, Rais Magufuli alipozungumzia mradi huo utakaoagharimu kiasi cha dola za Marekani milioni 481 sawa na zaidi ya Sh bilioni 900 kabla ya kuuzindua, alisema bandari hiyo ni muhimu kuboreshwa kwa kuwa ina mchango mkubwa wa maendeleo ya ustawi wa Tanzania. Alisema pamoja na kwamba Tanzania ina bandari nyingine, lakini Bandari ya Dar es Salaam ndio kubwa kwa kuwa asilimia 90 ya mizigo inayoingia nchini inapitishiwa katika bandari hiyo.

Alisema mradi huo ni muhimu kutokana na ukweli kuwa hali ya sasa ya bandari hiyo si nzuri kwani pamoja na kuwa na gati 12, lakini kati ya gati hizo gati saba kina chake kilishuka na hivyo kuwa na uwezo wa kuegesha mitumbwi tu badala ya meli. Alisema hali hiyo ilichangia meli nyingi kuchukua muda mrefu zinapowasili nchini kushusha mizigo yake kwani ilibidi zisubiri kwa muda mrefu kwa kuwa hakukuwa na gati za kutosha.

“Lakini tumeshajua wafanyabiashara sasa wanakwenda na muda, hivyo kupitia mradi huu hawatakuwa na sababu ya kwenda kwingine zaidi ya kuja kwetu,” alieleza. Alisema bandari hiyo ambayo kwa sasa inahudumia nchi zaidi ya saba zilizopo kwenye maeneo yasiyo na bahari, pia itahudumia watu zaidi ya milioni 500 kutoka nchi za Jumuiya ya Afrika Mashariki na nchi za Jumuiya ya Kusini mwa Afrika (SADC).

Rais alisema mradi huo, utagharimiwa na serikali kwa kiasi cha Dola za Marekani milioni 64, Benki ya Dunia iliyotoa mkopo wa Dola za Marekani milioni 345 na Shirika la Maendeleo la Uingereza (DFID) lililotoa msaada wa dola za Marekani milioni 12. Dk Magufuli alisema pamoja na mradi huo, Serikali ya Awamu ya Tano pia imedhamiria kuboresha miundombinu ya usafiri ikiwemo bandari za Tanga na Mtwara, Tanganyika na Nyasa na ujenzi wa viwanja vya ndege.

Kwa upande wake, Mkurugenzi wa Benki ya Dunia kwa nchi za Tanzania, Malawi, Burundi na Somalia, alisema ufadhili wa mradi huo utaiwezesha bandari hiyo ambayo ni muhimu pia kwa nchi za jirani hna Tanzania, kukuza uwezo wake, kuinua biashara na kutengeneza ajira. Alisema kutokana na mizigo kuchukua muda mrefu bandarini, hasara ya kiasi cha Dola za Marekani 200 hadi 400 iliyotokana na ucheleweshaji huo, sasa itaokolewa. Kwa upande wake, Waziri wa Ujenzi, Uchukuzi na Mawasiliano, Profesa Makame Mbarawa alisema upanuzi wa bandari hiyo utabadili ufanisi wake na kuuboresha zaidi.

Profesa Mbarawa alisema pamoja na bandari hiyo, pia serikali inatekeleza miradi katika bandari zake mbalimbali ikiwemo kufunga vifaa vya kisasa na kuboresha bandari za maziwa makuu ili kusaidia bandari nyingine katika kusafirisha kiurahisi shehena. Naye Balozi wa Uingereza nchini, Sarah Cooke alisema mradi wa DSMGP utatekelezwa kwa sehemu ya programu kubwa inayoendelea kwa maendeleo ya jumla ya Bandari ya Dar es Salaam kwa ufadhili wa wabia kadhaa wa maendeleo.

Balozi Cooke alisema Serikali ya Tanzania inachangia Dola za Marekani milioni 63 kupitia Mamlaka ya Bandari Tanzania, huku Taasisi ya Trade Mark East African ikifadhili maboresho katika ufanisi wa maeneo na utendaji wa Bandari. Mradi huu utatekelezwa kwa awamu mbili, awamu ya kwanza inatekelezwa na Mkandarasi aliyeshinda zabuni ya ujenzi wa Mradi, Kampuni ya China Harbour Engineering Company-(CHEC) na unatarajiwa kukamilika baada ya miezi 28.


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          Associate, Global M&E, Family Planning - The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Indiana   
CHAI is supporting the governments of Nigeria and Ethiopia, countries with low LARC use, to expand services by integrating family planning services, especially...
From The Clinton Health Access Initiative - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 18:39:20 GMT - View all Indiana jobs