'Alarming' rat lungworm parasite spreading through Florida, researchers warn   
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As Times go, I think it no great Crime to own, that now and then, when Business will permit, I love a chiruping Glass, in the Company of such Friends to whom my own may be acceptable; and the better to prevent all impertinent Chit Chat, and the little Feuds and Controversies that are too apt to arise, at present, about Dukes and Doctors, Dutch Memorials, the Changes of the Ministry, and many other epidemical Fanaticisms, that have wormeaten the Brains of the whole Nation, having a musical Genius, I am seldom unfurnish'd with some Madrigal or other, proper to preserve an innocent Mirth from the modish Incursions of State-Politicks, to which almost every Trading Citizen is become a noisy Pretender...

          Clun Forest Sheep Washed Fleece by MarkreeWoolCraft   

8.00 EUR

Offering some lovely Clun Forest fleece. I have washed using the fermentation method which leaves most of the lanolin in and uses no chemicals or detergents.
The fleece is not totally clean, the tips still have a little mud but this works out really easily as you use the fleece.
These sheep are kept in Co. Carlow Ireland and the farmer asked me to take some fleece as he wanted it used for something better than insulation. He uses no wormers, insecticides, sprays or antibiotics on his sheep
Clun Forest produce very good quality fleece excellent for felting and dyes easily.
It is rarely available to hand spinners or felters.
I am selling it 100 gram lots. Please contact me if you are looking for larger quantities.


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          Comment on Starhawk Pelleted Organic by sandi_macintosh@hotmail.com   
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Chess isn’t just for adults, bookworms, or nerds. Children who learn to play chess grasp the ability to look ahead, see the bigger picture, strategize, count their losses, and not to take a momentary gain too seriously. We know of soccer players who credit chess for their capacity to see the entire field. Make chess […]

The post Chess, Doggie Style appeared first on National Purebred Dog Day®.


          TEAM17’S GAMES LABEL WELCOMES SWORD LEGACY: OMEN   
TEAM17’S GAMES LABEL WELCOMES SWORD LEGACY: OMEN Brazilian developed turn-based tactical RPG joins growing global line-up UK – 30th June 2017 – Award-winning international games label and veteran games developer Team17 has today announced its first partnership in South America with Brazil-based independent developers Firecast Studio and Fableware Narrative Design to publish Sword Legacy: Omen, a challenging turn-based tactical RPG with a dark, cartoon-inspired aesthetic. Sword Legacy: Omen is set in the candlepunk realm of Broken Britannia, a once-thriving kingdom full of alchemical and technological advances now fragmented by intrigue and deceit. As the vengeful knight, Uther, and his misfit band of companions, players will embark on a thrilling journey to locate the long-lost Excalibur. In this bloody, brutal take on the Arthurian legend, players will explore rich environments, experience a riveting storyline and survive intense turn-based tactical combat to define the fate of Britannia. The partnership with Firecast and Fableware marks Team17’s first venture into the Brazilian games development scene. Debbie Bestwick, MBE, Team17’s CEO said, “Our label aims to work with the best independent creators around the world, help them build new IP and aim for sustainability. We’ve stepped up our international side significantly this year with recently announced partners in North America, Germany and Sweden. It’s a pleasure to welcome Firecast and Fableware to our ever growing family of partners as our first Brazilian team. There’s so much local talent being showcased at BIG Festival this week, we’re very excited to be working together with both teams. Sword Legacy: Omen is a high quality turn-based tactical game created by two very talented teams that brings another different angle to our diverse games label.” Bruno Lanzarotti, Executive Director, Firecast Studio added, “The partnership between Team17, Firecast Studio and Fableware is very promising and shows the world the quality of Brazilian games. We are very happy to have such an established and respected British company supporting our vision of the Arthurian legends! All this makes us very excited and gives us confidence that Sword Legacy: Omen will have the strength to stand out not only in Brazil, but also internationally. With this partnership, we believe we are doing something great, important, that brings us pride in representing Brazilian games development and showcasing the quality and creativity we can bring to gamers worldwide.” Arthur Protasio, Creative Director, Fableware Narrative Design said, “Partnering with Team17 feels like a pupil being acknowledged by the master. Not only are we long time Worms fans, but we also keep a close eye on the great games published by the label. That’s why when the Brazilian Game Developers Program and the Goethe Institut invited me to Quo Vadis in Berlin, I knew it was THE opportunity to pitch to Team17’s Debbie Bestwick. Just as Fableware teamed up with Firecast and together began a unique co-production, we believe Team17 is a most valuable addition to this endeavour. With each company excelling at their expertise, we have high hopes for the final product and can now proudly say we’ve joined this experienced indie family.” Sword Legacy: Omen will launch on PC in 2017. About Team17 Digital Ltd Founded in 1990, Team17 Digital Limited is a leading international games label that hosts the Worms franchise, Aven Colony, The Escapists, Genesis Alpha One, Overcooked, Yoku’s Island Express, Yooka-Laylee and many more from developers around the world. Visit www.team17.com for more info. About Firecast Studio Founded in 2014, Firecast Studio is an independent developer based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil About Fableware Narrative Design Founded in 2015, Fableware Narrative Design is an independent storytelling studio based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, specialized in writing and developing content for multiple platforms and transmedia projects, such as Emmy nominated TV Shows, animations, and awarded video games. Sword Legacy: Omen © 2017. Developed by Firecast Studio and Fableware Narrative Design. Published by Team17 Digital Ltd. Team17 is a trademarks or registered trademarks of Team17 Digital Limited. All other trademarks, copyrights and logos are property of their respective owners.
          Night of 1,000 Fireflies   
On July 8th come and enjoy the magic of the midsummer night at the Nature Center. With the frog chorus singing softly and the warm balmy breezes of July, this night hike will inspire all ages! Join our Naturalists as we search for woodland creatures (wiggly worms & aquatic amphibians) and other enchanted mysteries of […]
          Behold the Covers for Philip Pullman’s The Book of Dust   

The Book of Dust La Belle Sauvage Philip Pullman US UK covers Chris Wormell

Penguin Random House has revealed the US and UK covers for The Book of Dust, the first volume in Philip Pullman’s new trilogy La Belle Sauvage. The Book of Dust will take place ten years before the events of the His Dark Materials series; the second and third installments will pick up 20 years after the end of The Amber […]
          Pitfalls of changing a processor   

I recently upgraded my main Media Center to a Phenom II x4 940 from an AMD 5000+. Looks like AMD have finally got their act together on the Phenoms and this runs really nicely  (5.9 in Vista) and cooler than the 5000 did.

I did have a couple of real gotchas though. When I first booted up I had an error message from Windows Media Player saying its network sharing service had errored. Then when I ran media center all was fine until I tried to play back recorded tv or view live tv when I just got a crash.

My immediate thought was a problem with the chip or the memory I had installed at the same time so I ran all the diagnostics and found no errors.

Suddenly it dawned DRM - a lot of DRM systems use part of the Chip ID to issue keys. With such a major change in chip this surely would have changed.

Doing some digging I found http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx/kb/918218 

Following the steps in there to reset the DRM store worked and I could play my recorded tv, watch live tv and no longer had a Windows Media Player issue. I did lose the drm license to one piece of content but that was not an issue.

Note if you use iTunes it is also going to think you are have a new PC so you will need to license your content for that PC

Next issue Cyberlink PowerDVD Ultra wouldn't play Blu-Ray disks. More to the point it would show the Menu but wouldn't play any selected content. I assume this is DRM again. The only way i could work round this one was to uninstall PowerDVD and reinstall - fortunately I still had my license key.

So a can of worms being eaten by a flock of pigeons but all now sorted and my PC is incredibly responsive so worth all the effort.


          Chinese Firm Writes First SMS Worm   

Ah another first, and once again China is at the forefront! We recently reported about a Chinese company sharing their huge malware database and now a group of Chinese companies has managed to develop the first SMS worm! It’s a pretty cool concept, abusing the Symbian Express Signing procedure. It reminds me of the heydays […]

The post Chinese Firm Writes First SMS Worm appeared first on Darknet - The Darkside.


          How to Scan for Conficker Worm   

A bit of an update to the conficker worm that is supposedly scheduled for new updates and instructions today wednesday 1st. April 2009 and that nobody except for the bad guys knows what those instructions would be. Fyodor has rolled out a new nmap beta release to the nmap scripting engine that enables it to […]

The post How to Scan for Conficker Worm appeared first on Darknet - The Darkside.


          Comment on Was Cornwall Newswatch Bill Kingston The Neighbor That Complained About Cadieux Kids Worms in Cornwall ? #wormgate by todd   
they cant leave the kids alone mean wile there are so meany beating the system and taking cash from us all and no one is doing anything to the scamers
          4 Hidden Dangers of Pork   
Pork is the most commonly consumed meat in the world, but may also be one of the most dangerous.

Among foods that inspire a cult-like following, pork often leads the pack, as evidenced by the 65% of Americans eager to name bacon the country’s national food.

Unfortunately, that popularity comes at a cost. Along with being the most commonly consumed meat in the world, pork may also be one of the most dangerous, carrying some important and under-discussed risks that any consumer should be aware of (1).

1. Hepatitis E

Thanks to the revival of nose-to-tail eating, offal has redeemed itself among health enthusiasts, especially liver, which is prized for its vitamin A content and massive mineral lineup.

But when it comes to pork, liver might be risky business.

In developed nations, pork liver is the top food-based transmitter of hepatitis E, a virus that infects 20 million people each year and can lead to acute illness (fever, fatigue, jaundice, vomiting, joint pain and stomach pain), enlarged liver and sometimes liver failure and death (23).

Most hepatitis E cases are stealthily symptom-free, but pregnant women can experience violent reactions to the virus, including fulminant hepatitis (rapid-onset liver failure) and a high risk of both maternal and fetal mortality (4). In fact, mothers who get infected during their third trimester face a death rate of up to 25% (5).

In rare cases, hepatitis E infection can lead to myocarditis (an inflammatory heart disease), acute pancreatitis (painful inflammation of the pancreas), neurological problems (including Guillain-Barré syndrome and neuralgic amyotrophy), blood disorders and musculoskeletal problems, such as elevated creatine phosphokinase, indicating muscle damage, and multi-joint pain (in the form of polyarthralgia) (678).

People with compromised immune systems, including organ transplant recipients on immunosuppressive therapy and people with HIV, are more likely to suffer from these severe hepatitis E complications (9).

So, just how alarming are pork’s contamination stats? In America, about 1 out of every 10 store-bought pig livers tests positive for hepatitis E, which is slightly higher than the 1 in 15 rate in the Netherlands and 1 in 20 rate in the Czech Republic (1011). One study in Germany found that about 1 in 5 pork sausages were contaminated (12).

France’s traditional figatellu, a pig liver sausage that’s often consumed raw, is a confirmed hepatitis E carrier (13). In fact, in regions of France where raw or rare pork is a common delicacy, over half the local population shows evidence of hepatitis E infection (14).

Japan, too, is facing rising hepatitis E concerns as pork gains popularity (15). And in the UK? Hepatitis E shows up in pork sausages, in pork liver and at pork slaughterhouses, indicating the potential for widespread exposure among pork consumers (16).

It might be tempting to blame the hepatitis E epidemic on commercial farming practices, but in the case of the pig, wilder doesn’t mean safer. Hunted boars, too, are frequent hepatitis E carriers, capable of passing on the virus to game-eating humans (1718).

Apart from total pork abstinence, the best way to slash hepatitis E risk is in the kitchen. This stubborn virus can survive the temperatures of rare-cooked meat, making high heat the best weapon against infection (19). For virus deactivation, cooking pork products for at least 20 minutes to an internal temperature of 71°C (160°F) seems to do the trick (20).

However, fat can protect hepatitis viruses from heat destruction, so fattier cuts of pork might need extra time or toastier temperatures (21).

Summary: Pork products, particularly liver, frequently carry hepatitis E, which can cause severe complications and even death in vulnerable populations. Thorough cooking is necessary to deactivate the virus.

2. Multiple Sclerosis

One of the most surprising risks associated with pork — one that’s received remarkably little airtime — is multiple sclerosis (MS), a devastating autoimmune condition involving the central nervous system.

The robust link between pork and MS has been known at least since the 1980s, when researchers analyzed the relationship between per capita pork consumption and MS across dozens of countries (22).

While pork-averse nations like Israel and India were nearly spared from MS’s degenerative grips, more liberal consumers, such as West Germany and Denmark, faced sky-high rates.

In fact, when all countries were considered, pork intake and MS showed a whopping correlation of 0.87 (p<0.001), which is much higher and more significant than the relationship between MS and fat intake (0.63, p<0.01), MS and total meat intake (0.61, p<0.01) and MS and beef consumption (no significant relationship).

For perspective, a similar study of diabetes and per capita sugar intake found a correlation of just under 0.60 (p<0.001) when analyzing 165 countries (23).

As with all epidemiological findings, the correlation between pork consumption and MS can’t prove that one causes the other (or even that, within MS-stricken countries, the most enthusiastic pork consumers were the most diseased). But as it turns out, the evidence vault goes much deeper.

Earlier, a study of inhabitants of the Orkney and Shetland Islands of Scotland, a region teeming with unusual delicacies, including seabird eggs, raw milk and undercooked meat, found only one dietary association with MS — consumption of “potted head,” a dish made from boiled pig’s brain (24).

Among Shetland residents, a significantly higher proportion of MS patients had consumed potted head in their youth, compared to healthy, age and sex-matched controls (25).

This is particularly relevant because — per other research — MS that strikes in adulthood might stem from environmental exposures during adolescence (26).

The potential for pig brain to trigger nerve-related autoimmunity isn’t just an observational hunch, either. Between 2007 and 2009, a cluster of 24 pork plant workers mysteriously fell ill with progressive inflammatory neuropathy, which is characterized by MS-like symptoms such as fatigue, numbness, tingling and pain (2728).

The source of the outbreak? So-called “pig brain mist” — tiny particles of brain tissue blasted into the air during carcass processing (29).

When workers inhaled these tissue particles, their immune systems, per standard protocol, formed antibodies against the foreign porcine antigens.

But those antigens happened to bear an uncanny resemblance to certain neural proteins in humans. And the result was a biological calamity: confused about who to fight, the workers’ immune systems launched a guns-blazing attack on their own nerve tissue (3031).

Although the resulting autoimmunity wasn’t identical to multiple sclerosis, that same process of molecular mimicry, where foreign antigens and self-antigens are similar enough to trigger an autoimmune response, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of MS (3233).

Of course, unlike pig brain mist, hot dogs and ham aren’t literally inhaled (teenage boys notwithstanding). Could pork still transmit problematic substances through ingestion?

The answer is a speculative yes. For one, certain bacteria, particularly Acinetobacter, are involved in molecular mimicry with myelin, the nerve-sheathing substance that becomes damaged in MS (3435).

Although the role of pigs as Acinetobacter carriers hasn’t been exhaustively studied, the bacteria has been found in pig feces, on pig farms and in bacon, pork salami and ham, where it serves as a spoilage organism (36373839). If pork acts as a vehicle for Acinetobacter transmission (or in any way increases the risk of human infection), a link with MS would make sense.

Two, pigs may be silent and under-studied carriers of prions, misfolded proteins that drive neurodegenerative disorders like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (the human version of mad cow) and Kuru (found among cannibal societies) (40).

Some researchers suggest MS itself could be a prion disease, one that targets oligodendrocytes, the cells that produce myelin (41). And since prions — and their associated diseases— are transmitted by consuming infected nerve tissue, it’s possible that prion-harboring pork products could be one link in the MS chain (42).

Summary: A causative role of pork in MS is far from a closed case, but the unusually strong epidemiological patterns, biological plausibility and documented experiences make further research imperative.

3. Liver Cancer and Cirrhosis

Liver problems tend to trail closely on the heels of some predictable risk factors, namely hepatitis B and C infection, exposure to aflatoxin (a carcinogen produced by mold) and excessive alcohol intake (434445).

But buried in the scientific literature is another potential scourge of liver health — pork.

For decades, pork consumption has faithfully echoed liver cancer and cirrhosis rates around the world. In multi-country analyses, the correlation between pork and cirrhosis mortality clocked in at 0.40 (p<0.05) using 1965 data, 0.89 (p<0.01) using mid-1970s data, 0.68 (p=0.003) using 1996 data and 0.83 (p=0.000) using 2003 data (4647).

In those same analyses, among the 10 Canadian provinces, pork bore a correlation of 0.60 (p<0.01) with death from liver cirrhosis, while alcohol, perhaps due to an overall low intake, showed no significant link.

And in statistical models incorporating known perils for the liver (alcohol consumption, hepatitis B infection and hepatitis C infection), pork remained independently associated with liver disease, suggesting the association isn’t just due to pork piggybacking, as the case may be, on a different causative agent (48).

Beef, by contrast, remained liver-neutral or protective in these studies.

Liver cancer, too, tends to follow in the hoof steps of the pig. A 1985 analysis showed that pork intake correlated with hepatocellular carcinoma deaths as strongly as alcohol did (0.40, p<0.05 for both) (49). (Considering liver cirrhosis is often a prelude to cancer, this connection shouldn’t be surprising (50).)

So, what’s behind these eerie associations?

At first glance, the most likely explanations don’t pan out. Although pork-transmitted hepatitis E can lead to liver cirrhosis, this happens almost exclusively in immunosuppressed people, a subset of the population that’s too small to account for the global correlation (51).

Relative to other meat, pork tends to be high in omega-6 fatty acids, including linoleic acid and arachidonic acid, which may play a role in liver disease (525354). But vegetable oils, whose polyunsaturated fatty acid content blows pork out of the water, don’t dance the same liver disease tango that pork does, calling into question whether fat is really to blame (5556).

Heterocyclic amines, a class of carcinogens formed by cooking meat (including pork) at high temperatures, contribute to liver cancer in a variety of animals (57). But these compounds are also readily formed in beef, according to the same studies that indicated pork has no positive relationship with liver disease (5859).

With all that in mind, it’d be easy to dismiss the pork-liver disease link as an epidemiological fluke. However, some plausible mechanisms do exist.

The most likely contender involves nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic compounds created when nitrites and nitrates react with certain amines (from protein), particularly in high heat (60). These compounds have been linked to damage and cancer in a variety of organs, including the liver (61).

One of the biggest dietary sources of nitrosamines is processed pork, which, along with being a frequent visitor to the frying pan, typically contains nitrites and nitrates as curing agents. (Vegetables are also rich in naturally occurring nitrates, but their antioxidant content and dearth of protein help thwart the process of N-nitrosation, preventing them from becoming cancer-causing agents (62).)

Significant levels of nitrosamines have been found in pork liver pâté, bacon, sausage, ham and other cured meats (636465). The fatty portion of pork products, in particular, tends to accumulate much higher levels of nitrosamines than the lean bits, making bacon a particularly abundant source (66).

The presence of fat can also turn vitamin C into a nitrosamine promoter instead of a nitrosamine inhibitor, so pairing pork with veggies might not confer much protection (67).

Although much of the nitrosamine-liver cancer research has focused on rodents, where certain nitrosamines produce liver injury with remarkable ease, the effect appears in humans as well (6869). In fact, some researchers suggest humans may be even more sensitive to nitrosamines than mice and rats (70).

In Thailand, for instance, nitrosamines have been strongly linked to liver cancer in areas where other risk factors are low (71). A 2010 analysis of the NIH-AARP cohort found red meat (including pork), processed meat (including processed pork), nitrates and nitrites to be positively associated with chronic liver disease. Rubber workers, occupationally exposed to nitrosamines, have faced extremely high rates of non-alcohol-related liver disease and cancer (72).

Do nitrosamines prove a chain of causation between pork, liver-harming compounds and liver disease? The evidence is currently too patchy to make that claim, but the risk is plausible enough to justify limiting nitrosamine-containing (or nitrosamine-producing) pork products, including bacon, ham, hot dogs and sausages made with sodium nitrite or potassium nitrate.

Summary: Strong epidemiological links exist between pork consumption and liver disease. If these links reflect cause and effect, one culprit might be N-nitroso compounds, which are found abundantly in processed pork products cooked at high temperatures.

4. Yersinia

For years, pork’s precautionary motto was “well-done or bust,” a consequence of fears about trichinosis, a type of roundworm infection that ravaged pork consumers throughout much of the 20th century (73).

Thanks to changes in feeding practices, farm hygiene and quality control, pig-borne trichinosis has dropped off the radar, inviting pink pork back onto the menu.

But pork’s relaxed heat rules may have opened the doors for a different type of infection — yersiniosis, which is caused by Yersinia bacteria. In the US alone, Yersiniacauses 35 deaths and almost 117,000 cases of food poisoning each year (74). Its chief entry route for humans? Undercooked pork.

Yersiniosis’s acute symptoms are rough enough — fever, pain, bloody diarrhea — but its long-term consequences are what should really ring alarm bells. Victims of Yersiniapoisoning face a 47-times higher risk of reactive arthritis, a type of inflammatory joint disease triggered by infection (75).

Even children become post-Yersinia arthritis targets, sometimes requiring chemical synovectomy (the injection of osmic acid into a troubled joint) to relieve persistent pain (7677).

And in the less-common instances where Yersinia doesn’t bring the typical feverish, diarrheic unpleasantries? Reactive arthritis can develop even when the original infection was asymptomatic, leaving some victims unaware that their arthritis is a consequence of food-borne illness (78).

Although reactive arthritis usually subsides on its own over time, Yersinia victims remain at higher risk of chronic joint problems, including ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, tenosynovitis and rheumatoid arthritis, for years on end (798081).

Some evidence suggests that Yersinia can lead to neurological complications (82). Infected individuals with iron overload may be at higher risk of multiple liver abscesses, potentially leading to death (838485). And among people who are genetically susceptible, anterior uveitis, inflammation of the eye’s iris, is also more likely following a bout of Yersinia (8687).

Lastly, via molecular mimicry, Yersinia infection could also raise the risk of Graves’ disease, an autoimmune condition characterized by excessive thyroid hormone production (8889).

The solution? Bring on the heat. The majority of pork products (69% of tested samples, according to a Consumer Reports analysis) are contaminated with Yersiniabacteria, and the only way to safeguard against infection is through proper cooking. An internal temperature of at least 145°F for whole pork and 160°F for ground pork is necessary to decimate any lingering pathogen.

Summary: Undercooked pork can transmit Yersinia bacteria, causing short-term illness and raising the risk of reactive arthritis, chronic joint conditions, Graves’ disease and other complications.

In Conclusion

So, should health-savvy omnivores scrap pork from the menu?

The jury’s still out. For two of pork’s problems — hepatitis E and Yersinia — aggressive cooking and safe handling are enough to minimize the risk. And due to a shortage of controlled, pork-centric research capable of establishing causation, pork’s other red flags spring from epidemiology — a field rife with confounders and unjustified confidence.

Worse, many diet-and-disease studies lump pork together with other types of red meat, diluting whatever associations might exist with pork alone.

These issues make it hard to isolate the health effects of pig-derived products and determine the safety of their consumption.

That being said, caution is probably warranted. The sheer magnitude, consistency and mechanistic plausibility of pork’s connection with several serious diseases make the chances of a true risk more likely.

Until further research is available, you might want to think twice about going hog-wild on pork.

This article was originally published by Authority Nutrition.

 

 

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The information reaching the news room of Family Writers Press has it that Ohaneze Ndigbo political hungry pigs led by the political Chameleon known as Chief John Nnia Nwodo has declared a systematic war against Biafrans all the world in general and IPOB in particular by sabotaging Biafra restoration. The declaration of war was contained in the speech which John Nnia Nwodo of shame delivered in the Anambra State House of Assembly chamber in Awka. In the John "Chameleon" Nwodo's speech, he publicly challenged the authority vested on Mazi Nnamdi Kanu (De Great) by Biafrans  which is going to attract serious consequences on John "Chameleon" Nwodo reputation in particular and Ohaneze mushroom organization bereft of membership in general after this showdown with IPOB and Biafrans.

Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) under the Supreme command of Mazi Nnamdi Kanu (De Great) cannot pretend ignorance of what Ohaneze Ndigbo of shame and John "Chameleon" Nwodo is turning out to become at the moment because their Chameleon-like body language over the months is already a pointer to IPOB that a day will come when they will pitch tent with the oppressors of Biafrans in Aso Rock to fight against the restoration of Biafra. A point to their chameleons disposition is stemmed at their regular attitude of frequent switching from support of Biafra restoration to call for dubious restructuring. But as Ohaneze Ndigbo led by John Nnia Nwodo has openly shown that they are not interested in Biafra restoration, is it not time for Biafran youths to banish the hungry pigs out of Biafra Land to serve as deterrent to many people who may intend to sabotage the restoration of Biafra in the future on a mere Ghana Must Go bags of money?
Chief John Nnia Nwodo

However, whatever eventually happens with John Nnia Nwodo and Ohaneze political harlots, it is important for everyone in Biafra land to show these fools that the bags of money given to them by Prof Osinbajo in Aso Rock as revealed by an insider from the presidency to Family Writers investigation department, is not more valuable than the lives of Ezu River Igbo youths killed by Anambra state government with the support of Ohaneze Ndigbo just because of their stand for Biafra restoration.
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2. What did Ohaneze fickle Chameleons and John Nwodo said when Gov Willie Obiano openly declared before Nigeria Army kangaroo panel that nobody was killed at Nkpor even when the massacre was done in a broad daylight?

3. Is it true that Ohaneze hungry pigs went to Aso Rock only to go and collect Ghana Must Go bags of money and have started to fight against Biafra restoration struggle?
All these questions are begging for answers but must be answered by the Ohaneze Ndigbo fickle Chameleons under the leadership of John Nwodo of disgrace. Presently in the investigation room of Family Writers Press is a revelation still under enquiries that politicians in Biafra land placed a bounty of huge amount of money for Ohaneze Ndigbo and other mushroom numberless organizations in Igbo land to challenge and render IPOB "No more Election" order useless and grab the bounty. It is important for Biafrans to ask Ohaneze Ndigbo, how long will you people continue to trade our collective destiny for peanut's money? How long will you people continue to pitch tent with Fulani Janjaweeds from Aso Rock who kill our people with impunity even inside church at Nkpor?

Haba John Nwodo! Where is your hypocritical singing of Biafra youths as your children since you are now going about collecting bags of money from Prof Osinbajo, Gov Willie Obiano and other governorship aspirants in Anambra State in order to destroy the road map of the Biafra youths in restoring Biafra? As you have declared war against Biafra restoration struggle by openly countering the order of Mazi Nnamdi Kanu, be ready to die in shame because Biafrans are going to show you that you are like an ant before Nnamdi Kanu and Ohaneze is like an earth-worm before IPOB. By the time IPOB finish with you and your Ohaneze political hungry pigs, you will bury your head in shame. It is now iron for iron, teeth for teeth and bone for bone with Ohaneze.

As for Anambra governorship election, the battle line has been drawn between IPOB and the political elites in Biafra land who have sucked the blood of our people enough. Biafrans are not even going to allow INEC to anywhere to sit and conduct any election again in Biafra land unless Biafra referendum is conducted by Nigeria government. It is important for John Nwodo to understand that what we are planning against the elections is bigger than a mere boycott of the election but total resistance of the conduct of the election in the first place. The boycott of the election is going to be our final frontier in the framework of NO ELECTION campaign in the designed template of IPOB.
In conclusion, IPOB is calling on Biafrans in Anambra state to disown Ohaneze Ndigbo and John Nwodo because none of those political predators can command even 1000 persons without financial inducement. Then, who and who are the members of Ohaneze Ndigbo? A word is enough for the wise!


          Wormatia Worms 0-5 Kaiserslautern   
2017-06-30 17:30:00
Amigáveis Clubes 2017
Ciudad:

          Grandstream Weighs in on the State of WiFi Security   
Cybersecurity is once again in the spotlight following a massive ransomware attack that shut down networks across the world earlier this week. Even more sophisticated than the WannaCry worm that devastated hundreds of thousands of computers in May, the Petya worm has crippled the networks of major organizations around the world, ranging from the energy sector, to healthcare and even vital government infrastructure.
          Grandstream CEO David Li Weighs in on the State of WiFi Security   
Cybersecurity is once again in the spotlight following a massive ransomware attack that shut down networks across the world earlier this week. Even more sophisticated than the WannaCry worm that devastated hundreds of thousands of computers in May, the Petya worm has crippled the networks of major organizations around the world, ranging from the energy sector, to healthcare and even vital government infrastructure.
          D Double E with Faze Miyake, Moldy, Inspektah, Glowworm   
none
          A new ‘Einstein’ equation suggests wormholes hold key to quantum gravity   

ER=EPR summarizes new clues to understanding entanglement and spacetime

Context
illustration of a wormhole

Wormholes, tunnels through the fabric of spacetime that connect widely separated locations, are predicted by Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Some physicists think that wormholes could connect black holes in space, possibly providing a clue to the mysteries of quantum entanglement and how to merge general relativity with quantum mechanics.

There’s a new equation floating around the world of physics these days that would make Einstein proud.

It’s pretty easy to remember: ER=EPR.

You might suspect that to make this equation work, P must be equal to 1. But the symbols in this equation stand not for numbers, but for names. E, you probably guessed, stands for Einstein. R and P are initials — for collaborators on two of Einstein’s most intriguing papers. Combined in this equation, these letters express a possible path to reconciling Einstein’s general relativity with quantum mechanics.

Quantum mechanics and general relativity are both spectacularly successful theories. Both predict bizarre phenomena that defy traditional conceptions of reality. Yet when put to the test, nature always complies with each theory’s requirements. Since both theories describe nature so well, it’s hard to explain why they’ve resisted all efforts to mathematically merge them. Somehow, everybody believes, they must fit together in the end. But so far nature has kept the form of their connection a secret.

ER=EPR, however, suggests that the key to their connection can be found in the spacetime tunnels known as wormholes. These tunnels, implied by Einstein’s general relativity, would be like subspace shortcuts physically linking distant locations. It seems that such tunnels may be the alter ego of the mysterious link between subatomic particles known as quantum entanglement.

For the last 90 years or so, physicists have pursued two main quantum issues separately: one, how to interpret the quantum math to make sense of its weirdness (such as entanglement), and two, how to marry quantum mechanics to gravity. It turns out, if ER=EPR is right, that both questions have the same answer: Quantum weirdness can be understood only if you understand its connection to gravity. Wormholes may forge that link.

Wormholes are technically known as Einstein-Rosen bridges (the “ER” part of the equation). Nathan Rosen collaborated with Einstein on a paper describing them in 1935. EPR refers to another paper Einstein published with Rosen in 1935, along with Boris Podolsky. That one articulated quantum entanglement’s paradoxical puzzles about the nature of reality. For decades nobody seriously considered the possibility that the two papers had anything to do with one another. But in 2013, physicists Juan Maldacena and Leonard Susskind proposed that in some sense, wormholes and entanglement describe the same thing.

In a recent paper, Susskind has spelled out some of the implications of this realization. Among them: understanding the wormhole-entanglement equality could be the key to merging quantum mechanics and general relativity, that details of the merger would explain the mystery of entanglement, that spacetime itself could emerge from quantum entanglement, and that the controversies over how to interpret quantum mechanics could be resolved in the process.

“ER=EPR tells us that the immensely complicated network of entangled subsystems that comprises the universe is also an immensely complicated (and technically complex) network of Einstein-Rosen bridges,” Susskind writes. “To me it seems obvious that if ER=EPR is true it is a very big deal, and it must affect the foundations and interpretation of quantum mechanics.”

Entanglement poses one of the biggest impediments to understanding quantum physics. It happens, for instance, when two particles are emitted from a common source. A quantum description of such a particle pair tells you the odds that a measurement of one of the particles (say, its spin) will give a particular result (say, counterclockwise). But once one member of the pair has been measured, you instantly know what the result will be when you make the same measurement on the other, no matter how far away it is. Einstein balked at this realization, insisting that a measurement at one place could not affect a distant experiment (invoking his famous condemnation of “spooky action at a distance”). But many actual experiments have confirmed entanglement’s power to defy Einstein’s preference. Even though (as Einstein insisted) no information can be sent instantaneously from one particle to another, one of them nevertheless seems to “know” what happened to its entangled partner.

Ordinarily, physicists speak of entanglement between two particles. But that’s just the simplest example. Susskind points out that quantum fields — the stuff that particles are made from — can also be entangled. “In the vacuum of a quantum field theory the quantum fields in disjoint regions of space are entangled,” he writes. It has to do with the well-known (if bizarre) appearance of “virtual” particles that constantly pop in and out of existence in the vacuum. These particles appear in pairs literally out of nowhere; their common origin ensures that they are entangled. In their brief lifetimes they sometimes collide with real particles, which then become entangled themselves.

Now suppose Alice and Bob, universally acknowledged to be the most capable quantum experimenters ever imagined, start collecting these real entangled particles in the vacuum. Alice takes one member of each pair and Bob takes the other. They fly away separately to distant realms of space and then each smushes their particles so densely that they become a black hole. Because of the entanglement these particles started with, Alice and Bob have now created two entangled black holes. If ER=EPR is right, a wormhole will link those black holes; entanglement, therefore, can be described using the geometry of wormholes. “This is a remarkable claim whose impact has yet to be appreciated,” Susskind writes.

Even more remarkable, he suggests, is the possibility that two entangled subatomic particles alone are themselves somehow connected by a sort of quantum wormhole. Since wormholes are contortions of spacetime geometry — described by Einstein’s gravitational equations — identifying them with quantum entanglement would forge a link between gravity and quantum mechanics.

In any event, these developments certainly emphasize the importance of entanglement for understanding reality. In particular, ER=EPR illuminates the contentious debates about how quantum mechanics should be interpreted. Standard quantum wisdom (the Copenhagen interpretation) emphasizes the role of an observer, who when making a measurement “collapses” multiple quantum possibilities into one definite result. But the competing Everett (or “many worlds”) interpretation says that the multiple possibilities all occur — any observer just happens to experience only one consistent branching chain of the multiple possible events.

In the Everett picture, collapse of the cloud of possibilities (the wave function) never happens. Interactions (that is, measurements) just cause the interacting entities to become entangled. Reality, then, becomes “a complicated network of entanglements.” In principle, all those entangling events could be reversed, so nothing ever actually collapses — or at least it would be misleading to say that the collapse is irreversible. Still, the standard view of irreversible collapse works pretty well in practice. It’s never feasible to undo the multitude of complex interactions that occur in real life. In other words, Susskind says, ER=EPR suggests that the two views of quantum reality are “complementary.”

Susskind goes on to explore in technical detail how entanglement functions with multiple participants and describes the implications for considering entanglement to be equivalent to a wormhole. It remains certain, for instance, that wormholes cannot be used to send a signal through space faster than light. Alice and Bob cannot, for instance, send messages to each other through the wormhole connecting their black holes. If they really want to talk, though, they could each jump into their black hole and meet in the middle of the wormhole. Such a meeting would provide strong confirmation for the ER=EPR idea, although Alice and Bob would have trouble getting their paper about it published.

In the meantime, a great many papers are appearing about ER=EPR and other work relating gravity — the geometry of spacetime — to quantum entanglement. In one recent paper, Caltech physicists ChunJun Cao, Sean M. Carroll and Spyridon Michalakis attempt to show how spacetime can be “built” from the vast network of quantum entanglement in the vacuum. “In this paper we take steps toward deriving the existence and properties of space itself from an intrinsically quantum description using entanglement,” they write. They show how changes in “quantum states” — the purely quantum descriptions of reality — can be linked to changes in spacetime geometry. “In this sense,” they say, “gravity appears to arise from quantum mechanics in a natural way.”

Cao, Carroll and Michalakis acknowledge that their approach remains incomplete, containing assumptions that will need to be verified later. “What we’ve done here is extremely preliminary and conjectural,” Carroll writes in a recent blog post. “We don’t have a full theory of anything, and even what we do have involves a great deal of speculating and not yet enough rigorous calculating.”

Nevertheless there is a clear sense among many physicists that a path to unifying quantum mechanics and gravity has apparently opened. If it’s the right path, Carroll notes, then it turns out not at all to be hard to get gravity from quantum mechanics — it’s “automatic.” And Susskind believes that the path to quantum gravity — through the wormhole — demonstrates that the unity of the two theories is deeper than scientists suspected. The implication of ER=EPR, he says, is that “quantum mechanics and gravity are far more tightly related than we (or at least I) had ever imagined.”

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          InkCase i7 Review : iPhone gets another face   
This week I’ve been working with both versions of the InkCase i7 – one for the smaller iPhone, one for the Plus. Both are from the newest generation of e-ink case from the folks at Oaxis, who’ve made these cases for the following people: “adventurers, bookworms, the businessperson, selfie-takers, and everyone else.” Thus far I’ve found the case to be … Continue reading
          O to be a Dragon   
JPGby KAHD © 07-19-2007:
Inspired by the quote on a Magic the Gathering card, the Dragon Welp. "Oh to be a dragon... of silkworm size or immense." which I find was further quoted from "O To Be a Dragon: If I, like Solomon, . . . could have my wish - my wish - O to be a dragon, a symbol of the power of Heaven - of silkworm size or immense; at times invisible. Felicitous phenomenon!" by Marianne Moore. The things you learn when you look.

          What is ringworm, how you get it and how to treat it naturally   
In the world of rashes, ringworm is an annoying, itchy, hard to get rid of pain in the….well, skin. The name “ring worm” is a bit misleading because it has nothing to do with parasites or worms. Actually ringworm is a fungal infection. It’s called “ring worm” because of the way the fungus can grow […]
          Recent Record Roundup   


Marco Pavé
Welcome to Grc Lnd (Radio Rahim Music)
by Chris McCoy
Marco Pavé’s Welcome To Grc Lnd makes the party political from its opening moment, when Jamey Hatley intones the album’s name, sarcasm dripping from her voice like the devil’s honey. Hatley functions on the album like a DJ taking the temperature of the city. And that temperature is hot.
She’s not the only strong female voice chiming in. Duchess spits fire on “Hood Obit”. Soul singer Big Baby takes it to church on “Let Me Go”, providing a hook for a Black Lives Matter protester’s story of abusive police. Later, Artistik Approach wraps thoughts on the intersection of capitalism and racism in layers of angelic harmony.
Pavé is a charismatic frontman, equally at home flowing about the school-to-prison pipeline or barking his shins while getting out of bed. But his greatest talent may be in choosing collaborators and bringing out great performances. Overall, this is one of the most meticulously constructed, finely paced albums to come out of Memphis in recent memory.
***** (5 stars)

Various Artists
Fruition (Culture Power 45)
by Andria Lisle
This new vinyl-only hip hop imprint has an Arizona mailing address, but much of the label’s talent comes from the Memphop scene. Of 19 tracks, eight have local connections, including Empee’s gritty “Never CMO,” two memorable instrumentals from MaxPtah, and Jason Da Hater’s pile-driving wrestling ode “Black Randy,” also produced by Empee.
It’s a stretch to call Chicago-born, Philadelphia-based Fatnice local, but he has roots here — and his “Time U Miss” is biographical brilliance. That track and Infinito 2017’s “War Against Commercialism” transcend era and geography, a rare feat in contemporary hip hop. The latter’s hook (“I’ll never cross over”) rings with the assurance of an artist who is accustomed to DIY — Infinito 2017 is one of the “ten black men” behind the label which, so far, has released six lathe-cut limited edition 45s in addition to this vinyl-only full-length.
***** (5 stars)

Shannon McNally
Black Irish (Compass Records)
by Chris McCoy
What distinguishes Oxford-based Shannon McNally from the pack of Bonnie Raitt-influenced roots rockers is her commitment to the beat. McNally could have gone the rhythmless route on “Prayer in Open D”, the emotional and temporal center of Black Irish, when she is unaccompanied by her band. But even as she sings about “the river of darkness in my blood,” she keeps the beat bouncy. Elsewhere on the record, her cadre of Nashville cats keeps it tight. Album opener “You Made Me Feel For You” reworks “Baby Please Don’t Go” to good effect — the first of many times McNally and co-writer Rodney Crowell lean on the traditional hill country blues structure. On “Banshee Moan,” McNally is clearly having a blast going full Tusk, complete with pounding toms and breathy, Stevie Nicks vocal flourishes. Black Irish won’t teach you anything new about country, rock, or blues, but McNally’s craftsmanship and emotional honesty could get under your skin.
*** (3 stars)

Don Bryant
Don’t Give Up on Love (Fat Possum Records)
by J.D. Reager
Memphis native Don Bryant has been a fixture of the local soul scene since the early 1960s. Though he is primarily known as a songwriter — he has penned cuts for Al Green, Albert King, his wife, Ann Peebles, and others — he's also a talented singer and performer. His 1969 album for Hi Records, Precious Soul, is regarded by many as an underground soul/r&b classic. And while Don’t Give Up on Love is only the second “secular” offering of Bryant’s career (and his first since the pure gospel of 2000’s It’s All in the World), it radiates confidence and old-school Memphis swagger. With an ace backing band in tow, consisting of members of the Bo-Keys and the legendary Hi Rhythm Section, the grooves never feel forced or anachronistic: This is the real deal. Highlights include the uptown blues shuffle “I Got to Know” and a fierce cover of O.V. Wright’s “A Nickel and a Nail,” which opens Don’t Give Up on Love in style.
**** (4 stars)

Cory Branan
Adios (Bloodshot Records)
by J.D. Reager
Adios is Memphis-by-way-of-Southaven singer/songwriter Cory Branan’s fifth studio album — his third for the large indie label Bloodshot, and his first since moving back to Memphis from Nashville earlier this year. And though it might not be his sunniest offering to date (Adios is touted as Branan’s “death record” in promotional materials), it definitely shows Branan’s deft touch with a catchy pop hook and clever turn of phrase is undiminished by personal tragedy. From the opening earworm “I Only Know” (which features scorching backing vocals from Against Me!’s Laura Jane Grace) to the 1980s Springsteen synth-pads of “The Vow,” to the barroom-ish closer, “My Father Was an Accordian Player,” the journey definitely has its emotional ups and downs. But as with most of his catalog, Branan’s wit and skill with the craft make the journey worthwhile.
**** (4 stars)

Charles Lloyd
Passin' Through (Blue Note Records)
by Alex Greene
This Memphis native is a point of pride for Mannassas High School, which has spawned so many legendary players. It was 50 years ago that Lloyd was first named Jazz Artist of the Year by Downbeat, and he may deserve that moniker still. This album finds him taking a virtual tour of jazz since then. Opening with the Coltrane-esque sonic washes and free flourishes of “Dream Weaver,” the quartet reveals its mastery of mood and style in this live setting. The next track ranges from Miles Smiles-type delicacy and out-ness, to classic swinging moments with walking bass. “Nu Blues” opens up its titular genre with unique tonal colors and an abrupt, punctuated arrangement. “Tagore on the Delta” is a classic '60s boogaloo groover that breaks down into a butt-simple half-time section, featuring Lloyd's flute chops. And it's all grounded by Lloyd's glorious tone, epitomized by the finale, which decelerates from more sonic upheaval into the long, moody closing note.
***** (5 stars)



          Best of 2014: Audiobooks   
I cannot express the right words for how passionate I am about my audiobooks.  There are days (weeks!) when I don't look at a single printed page of a book because I'm running around like my hair is on fire.  But audios I can do...in the car, cleaning the house, doing yard work, cooking, walking.  A well-narrated audio can be the most incredible experience...in some cases the entire story comes to life and feels like a movie in my head.  

I can't vouch for these books in print.  But in my ears they came alive.  

Non-Fiction




Five Days at Memorial - Sheri Fink (narrated by Kirstin Potter):  This is an absolutely riveting and horrifying story about the events that transpired at Memorial Hospital in New Orleans after Katrina hit.  No electricity, a failed generator, and hundreds of critically ill and elderly patients too frail to evacuate.  In a move that was highly controversial, decisions were made to euthanize the most helpless patients with lethal doses of painkillers.  It is hard to imagine such events occurring today, and brings up some highly discussable topics.  Perfect for book clubs.  Kirstin Potter is a wonderful narrator, but the real attraction here is the facts. 





In the Kingdom of Ice - Hampton Sides (narrated by Arthur Morey):  This bit of history about an ill-fated Polar expedition in the late nineteenth century reads like a thriller.  An eccentric playboy benefactor, incorrect maps and misinformation, starvation, frostbite, a breached hull, trudging for hundreds of miles in the frozen tundra, madness...it just doesn't get any more fascinating than this.  Like "Five Days at Memorial", the narration was well-done but the facts are self-sustaining.    




This is the Story of a Happy Marriage - Ann Patchett (narrated by the author):  Before I listened to this audio, I would have sworn that I wasn't into "essays".  But Patchett's, written for magazines over the expanse of her career, are ones that will touch on something that will move you.  MOST of them moved me.  Stories about writing her first book, about her dog, about her failed first marriage and her successful second one, about relationships with family and friends, opening a bookstore, being persecuted because of the content of her books...it is absolutely perfect in every way.  Patchett is so natural in her narration too.  This is one audio that I want to purchase in print to keep forever.


Fiction  




Native Son - Richard Wright (narrated by Peter Francis James):  This story knocked the wind out of me.  Set in 1930's Chicago, it tells the tale of Bigger Thomas, a young black man that makes a series of bad decisions that drags him into a downward spiral.  It is gut-wrenching, and shows the desperation and hopelessness of the black man during that time.  I suspect the novel in print would have an equal impact, but the narration is superb.    





We Are Water - Wally Lamb (narrated by Wally Lamb, George Guidall, Maggi-Meg Reed, Tavia Gilbert, Richard Ferrone, Edoardo Ballerini, Cynthia Darlow,  Therese Plummer):  If you asked me to list my top 10 audios EVER, this one would be one of them.  Lamb is a hell of a storyteller, in this case covering everything from a modern family and their individual struggles, gay marriage, pedophilia, racial prejudice...oh yeah you get it all here, as is Lamb's way.  But the narrators?  That is a loaded cast of voices, and they made this audio completely unputdownable.  It unfolded like a movie right before me, truly some of the best narration I've heard.  We read this in my book club, and some of the members refused to read it because of the pedophilia.  It's too bad because while that was very hard to listen to, I believe it to be one of the best books written this year.




Someone Else's Love Story - Joshilyn Jackson (narrated by the author):  Most of you know this, but I refuse to read a JJ book in print.  All of her books but one are narrated by the author herself, and she is marvelous.  Her stories are marvelous too...quirky, usually dysfunctional, Southern, and all center on very strong women.  In this novel, she also throws in autism and a love triangle of sorts.  And a girl who got pregnant without having sex.  You have to read it to believe it.  It is classic Joshilyn Jackson.  



Every Day - David Levithan (narrated by Alex McKenna):  While this book officially fell under the YA genre, it gets serious credit for tickling my brain and presenting a very unique premise (something you don't get often in ANY genre).  Every day "A" (a spirit? a soul? a male?  a female?) wakes up in a different body.  A is at peace with its existence, and lives by the rules of not interfering or causing attention in its subject's life.  Then A meets and falls in love with a girl.  Suddenly every day is a mission to get close to her, which is difficult when each day A is a radically different person.  It sounds a little wacky, but it works.  It is beautiful.  And very beautifully narrated.     




The Martian - Andy Weir (narrated by R.C. Bray):  If you've been anywhere near a book review this year, you will recognize this one.   This book was all the rage!  This won't be the only list you will see it on, particular in audio form.  About a wise-ass brainiac that get accidentally left on Mars during an exploration mission, it makes science fiction accessible and LIKABLE by one and all.  The narration of Bray provides the perfect snarky voice of a guy who is basically screwed but uses his last wit to stay alive.  Oh and by the way, it's going to be a movie starring Matt Damon.  Yep.




The Silkworm - Robert Galbraith (narrated by Robert Glenister):  If you thought J.K. Rowling shot her wad on Harry Potter, you were wrong.  This series started with "The Cuckoo's Calling" and set the groundwork with a protagonist who is a rumpled but genius private investigator, and his cute ambitious assistant.  I felt that Cuckoo's mystery was a tad pedestrian and one-dimensional, but she let out all the stops on this one.  The cherry on top was that the mystery occurs butt-deep in the publishing industry.  Robert Glenister's narration is simply as good as it gets.  He is amazing.   




World of Trouble - Ben H. Winters (narrated by Peter Berkrot):  This book is the third installment in The Last Policeman Trilogy, and yes, it is extremely unusual that the final book would be the mind-blower but it was.  The premise of the trilogy is that a very large asteroid is going to hit the earth and end civilization as we know it.  As time ticks down, people hunker down, pursue their bucket lists, kill themselves, get stoned on drugs.  But Detective Hank Palace (a little on the spectrum I think) continues to solve murders, chase down missing persons, and try to save his little sister.  The first two novels are good, but this one is remarkable.  Not too many people can pull off the end of the world quite like this.  The narrator isn't the best in the business, but his voice became Hank Palace and I was glad they kept him through the series.  





          For sale - Golden retriever pups akc English creme   
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          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by sandi nolan   
I have a Himalayan cat that is not quite 2 yet. He was wormed in Nov. 2015 and now I am seeing tiny, tiny pieces of white stuff with black spots too, stuck to his fur on his bum. No other signs of worms except pot belly which came after neutering. Could this be some kind of parasite? He weighs 12 lbs and runs around like a nut. Please answer this for me. Not rice size but a lot smaller.
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by Audra   
Your last sentence... Bwaahaahaa
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by Mezo Kemper   
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          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by Torri   
Excellent way of explaining, and nice post to take information concerning my presentation subject, which i am going to present in academy.
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by Doc Budd   
ALbendazole 25mg/kg-2times/day-4days not to be administered to pregnant animals!
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by Walter Auringer   
Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you can be a great author. I will make sure to bookmark your blog and may come back in the future. I want to encourage yourself to continue your great posts, have a nice holiday weekend!
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by nicole   
my cat just got worms from somewhere and shes pregnant any ides on what i can give her to get rid of them thats safe?
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by JC   
All pet owners.....If your animal has worms, due yourself & the animal a favor, take the animal to a vet!! The vet can identify the worm and treat your animal. If you aren't sure if you will be able to administer the medication, let the vet do so. Many worms can pass to other animals and to people. Once treated, use a monthly prevention. Most worms can kill a cat. Dogs, (not puppies) usually show few symptoms, cats and puppies once symptoms are visible can die within 24 to 48 hours, depending of the type of infestation. I have done animal rehap for 20 years and have found many over the counter medications DO NOT WORK. If you love your pet, go to the vet.
          Comment on The Most Common Worms In Cats And Dogs by Cheri   
Dear Pet Owners, If you have a pet that has worms, please do your pet a favor and go to amazon.com and look up wormers in the "pets" section. Sort by customer reviews to find the most highly rated wormer for whatever worm your pet may have. If you do not know, google the phrase - "worms in cats" or "worms in puppies" and see if you can find the picture that matches or just read the description above the comments here about the worms, what they look like, etc. Once you've found the wormer on amazon that matches what type of worm your cat/kitten/dog/puppy has, buy the wormer and follow the directions on it. It's really not that hard and it is the responsible thing to do. The wormers aren't THAT expensive and are part of owning a pet. Leaving your pet's parasites untreated is irresponsible and just mean and you are jeopardizing the health of your pet. Buying the wormers off the shelf at the local Wal-Mart may or may not work so just do you and your pet a favor and go to amazon.com where you can read the positive or negative reviews and purchase the best product for your particular need.
          Game of Thrones and Westworld Panels to Appear at San Diego Comic-Con   
Game of Thrones and Westworld Panels to Appear at San Diego Comic-Con
HBO will be bringing their series giants, Game of Thrones and Westworld, to this year's San Diego Comic-Con. Both of these panels, especially Game of Thrones, are sure to be insanely popular with guests. Listed below are the schedules for the panels.Friday, July 21The GAME OF THRONES panel in Hall H at 1:30 p.m. will be moderated by a special guest from Westeros. Panelists include cast members (in alphabetical order) Alfie Allen (Theon Greyjoy), Jacob Anderson (Grey Worm), John Bradley (Samwell Tarly), Gwendoline Christie (Brienne of Tarth), Liam Cunningham (Ser Davos Seaworth), Nathalie Emmanuel (Missandei), Isaac Hempstead Wright (Bran Stark), Conleth Hill (Varys) and Sophie Turner (Sansa Stark). Autograph signing is at 3:30 p.m.Saturday, July 22The WESTWORLD panel in Hall H at 4:15 p.m. will be moderated by internationally renowned vocal artist, beatboxer, musician and comedian Reggie Watts. Panelists include: creators and showrunners Jonathan Nolan and Lisa Joy; and cast members (in alphabetical order) Ben Barnes (Logan), Ingrid Bolsø Berdal (Armistice), Ed Harris (Man in Black), Luke Hemsworth (Stubbs), James Marsden (Teddy), Thandie Newton (Maeve), Simon Quarterman (Lee Sizemore), Rodrigo Santoro (Hector), Angela Sarafyan (Clementine), Jimmi Simpson (William), Tessa Thompson (Charlotte), Evan Rachel Wood (Dolores), Shannon Woodward (Elsie) and Jeffrey Wright (Bernard/Arnold). Autograph signing is at 5:45 p.m.The autograph signings will take place at the Warner Bros. booth #4545. Warner Bros. follows Comic-Con's ticket drawing/wristband distribution procedure for all signings. All ticket drawings and wristband distributions will take place in the morning of the day of the specific signing at the Sails Pavilion floor, between Ballroom 20 and Rooms 6A, 6BCF and 6DE.GAME OF THRONES fans can follow live coverage of the panel on Twitter from @GameofThrones and use #GoTSDCC to join the conversation.WESTWORLD fans can follow live coverage of the panel on Twitter from @WestworldHBO and use #WestworldSDCC to join the conversation. Sign up for special announcements at DiscoverWestworld.com.PLEASE NOTE: Cast and producers scheduled to attend are subject to change. 

          Florida has a deadly brain-invading worm problem   
A new study published in Plos One suggests that a potentially deadly parasite called rat lungworm is now more prevalent in Florida than previously thought, mostly due to climate change.

Though fatality rates for what's referred to as an Angiostrongylus infection are relatively low, the parasite can still cause a form of meningitis, and if the infection is severe enough, it can also cause coma or death.…
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          2017 Arkansas Times Academic All-Star Team   
Meet the best and brightest high school students in the state.

The class of 2017, our 23rd, is made up of athletes, coders, budding politicians and brain experts. There's rarely a B on the transcripts of these students — in not just this, their senior year, but in any year of their high school careers.

Back in 1995, we created the Academic All-Star Team to honor what we then called "the silent majority — the kids who go to school, do their homework (most of it, anyway), graduate and go on to be contributing members of society." Too often, we argued then, all Arkansans heard about young people was how poorly they were faring. Or, when students did get positive attention, it came for athletic achievement.

As you read profiles of this year's All-Stars, it should be abundantly clear that good things are happening in Arkansas schools and there are many academic achievers who deserve to be celebrated. You should get a good idea, as well, of how these stellar students are busy outside school, with extracurricular activities, volunteer work, mission activities and more.

They'll be honored this week at a ceremony at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock with plaques and $250 cash awards.

Many college plans listed here are not set in stone, as students await information on scholarships and acceptances.

CAROLINE COPLIN-CHUDY
Age: 17
Hometown: North Little Rock
High School: Mount St. Mary Academy
Parents: (guardian) Dennis Chudy
College plans: Duke University

Caroline Coplin-Chudy has a 4.4 grade point average — high enough to rank second in her class at Mount St. Mary Academy — and lost her mother to leukemia during her sophomore year, something she told us came to be a source of inspiration and drive during her academic development. "It was a big adjustment. After my mom passed away, it was just my stepdad. It's a weird realization coming to the idea that both of your parents are gone, and it's just you. ... I still think of her every single day. She motivates me to do well in everything, because my whole life I wanted to make her proud." Caroline is president of Mount St. Mary's Investment Club and of SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions). She's also been a regular volunteer for several years at the Little Rock Compassion Center, whose recovery branch provides meals and health resources to people suffering from addiction. Caroline said she found healing from her own grief in the friendships she forged there. As the recipient of a Questbridge scholarship, described by Caroline's guidance counselor and nominator Amy Perkins as a program where lower-income students qualify for tuition to schools with which they "match" via an early decision process, Caroline will attend Duke University on a full scholarship. "I'm going to study biology and psych, with a minor in Spanish. My plan is to work at the Duke Center for Addiction [Science and Technology] helping people with drug addictions overcome that sort of thing. It's something that I've had experience with, watching my family go through things like that."

AXEL NTAMATUNGIRO
Age: 17
Hometown: Pine Bluff
High School: Subiaco Academy
Parents: Sixte Ntamatungiro and Sylvana Niciteretse
College plans: Rice University, neuroscience

Axel Ntamatungiro grew up among books and maps dispersed throughout his home that "paint[ed] the walls with nuanced shades of knowledge." It shows. Not often can a high school senior explain, as Axel does, his love for studying the brain so easily. "Neuroscience is basically a neuron turning on and off," he said. "The fact that you have billions of these combinations that lead to consciousness, that's unbelievable." To continue learning about the mind, Axel is headed to Rice University on a full ride as a QuestBridge scholar. Maybe medical school or graduate school after that. Axel said his parents taught him a "humble intellectualism" that helped him understand "the irrationality of life." They always told him: "Work hard, but you need to realize you don't always get what you deserve." And life has been, at times, irrational and difficult for his family. Axel was the only member of his family born in the United States — in Little Rock in 1999. The rest migrated from Burundi in the early 1990s. They stayed here as the Rwandan genocide inflicted incredible damage in the area. That past was never hidden from Axel. "Instead of avoiding my questions, my parents level-headedly answered [them], telling me about Belgian colonialism, Hutu-Tutsi tension and the systematic poverty afflicting Burundi," he said. Maybe that is why Axel has never been afraid to ask big questions. He said it also helped to have a diverse group of friends who taught him new things. At his cafeteria table for lunch are kids from all over: Nigeria, Fort Smith, Japan, Bentonville and Russia. Everyone's small stories add to a global perspective, something bigger from something small, kind of like those neurons.

JADE DESPAIN
Age: 18
Hometown: Springdale
High School: Haas Hall Academy (Fayetteville)
Parents: Brenan and Tiffany DeSpain
College plans: U.S. Naval Academy, nuclear engineering

For Jade DeSpain, the question, "Where's your hometown?" isn't necessarily as straightforward as it seems. The National Merit semifinalist, swimming star and Quiz Bowler spent much of her childhood in Beijing, where her parents — both fluent in Mandarin — taught her Chinese concurrently with English (and where, she notes, she acquired an "incredible prowess with chopsticks.") "We've moved around so much that I don't really have a 'hometown,' but Springdale is the closest I've ever gotten," she said. She's made her impact there, too, tutoring students free of charge through her volunteer work with the M&N Augustine Foundation and putting in time at the Arkansas Council for the Blind and the Springdale Animal Shelter. Jade is ranked second in her class, and her high school transcript is full of aced courses in trigonometry, physics and calculus. She's also the co-founder of Haas Hall Academy's coding club, so a career in nuclear energy development — Jade's field of choice — isn't just an aspiration; it's the plan. "I have a deep appreciation for nature," she told us, citing Devil's Den State Park as a spot to which she feels closely connected, and stressing the importance of preserving natural spaces and developing more long-term options for sustainable energy. On Christmas Day 2016, Jade checked her email to find that she'd attained something she'd wanted as early as age 12: acceptance to the U.S. Naval Academy. There, she'll major in nuclear engineering and complete her five mandatory post-Academy years in the Navy, after which she hopes to acquire a Ph.D. in the field.

AVERY ELLIOTT
Age: 18
Hometown: Cabot
High school: Cabot High School
Parents: Dan and Melissa Elliott
College plans: University of Arkansas, medicine

Though many of our All-Stars seem destined from birth for academic greatness, there is the occasional inspiring All-Star who has had to overcome seemingly insurmountable odds. One of those is Cabot High School's Avery Elliott, who was born with nystagmus, a condition that causes involuntary eye movements that can make it hard for sufferers to concentrate and learn. Though it's hard to imagine it now, when she was in elementary school Avery found herself falling further and further behind her classmates in reading because of her condition. "That was difficult," she said. "I was behind schedule until about third or fourth grade. I would have to go home and really work with my parents to keep up with the rest of the class." Even though she struggled early on, Avery said that, in a way, the nystagmus contributed to her success and gave her a direction to follow. "I had to learn to really study even outside of school," she said. "I learned some very good study habits. But I think it also really affected where I wanted to go as far as my career. ... I really learned that a medical team can not only dispense medicine, but can really affect someone's life." A National Merit finalist who has volunteered extensively with Special Olympics and already completed 43 hours of college-level coursework, Avery has been awarded the University of Arkansas Fellowship. She plans to study medicine at UAMS after completing her undergrad degree, then practice in Arkansas. That goal has always pushed her to succeed academically. "I wanted to go into the medical field from an early age," she said, "so I knew starting out in high school that I needed to make very good grades in order to get where I needed to. I had to really learn the material, rather than just trying to ace a test."

JARED GILLIAM
Age: 17
Hometown: Cabot
High school: Cabot High School
Parents: Dan and LeAnne Gilliam
College plans: University of Arkansas, engineering

When most young people say they want to change the world, it's easy to believe that's just pie-in-the-sky thinking by someone who hasn't yet been through the Academy of Hard Knocks. When Jared Gilliam says he wants to change the world, however, there's a good chance he might actually pull it off. Jared even has a plan: He'll change the world through engineering. A National Merit finalist and AP scholar with a GPA of 4.18 and a perfect score of 36 on the ACT, Jared is well placed to do just that. A musician who plays percussion with the Cabot High Marching Band, Jared said his favorite subject in school is math. "I think I'm mostly interested in engineering because I've always been sort of a problem-solver," he said. "I've enjoyed math and science, working through things and finding solutions to everyday problems. This year, I've been in robotics, so we've spent time working on a robot to perform various tasks. I've enjoyed that a lot. I think engineering is where my ability would best be used." He'll attend the University of Arkansas, which has offered him the Honors College Fellowship. He said the drive to excel academically has always been a part of his life. "I've grown up being encouraged to do well, and I guess I have my parents to thank for that and all my teachers," he said. "I think knowing that I have the ability to do all of this, I feel compelled to do what I can to make a difference. I think life would be pretty boring if I didn't go out there and do all the things I do. I don't think I could settle for not being successful."

BENJAMIN KEATING
Age: 18
Hometown: Fort Smith
High School: Southside High School
Parents: Drs. Bill and Janice Keating
College plans: Undecided

If you were looking for a ringing endorsement of Ben Keating's character, you'd need to look no further than Amy Slater, the guidance counselor who nominated him for our Academic All-Stars roster and who said of Ben, "He is all the things I hope my son turns out to be. ... He really thinks about things, and he practices the trumpet and piano for hours a day. It's crazy, his dedication." Ben probably had something to prove here; he admits to some skepticism on the part of his mother when he announced he'd be pursuing a career in music. He's certainly proved his mettle; Ben is band president at Southside, was a principal trumpet for the 2017 National Youth Honor Orchestra, first chair for Southside's Wind Symphony and for the All-State Jazz Band and was ranked in the top-tier bands for All-State Band and All-State Orchestra each year from 2014-16. The accolades go on and on: Ben has received a Young Artist Award from the International Trumpet Guild, a Gold Medal from the National Piano Guild and superior ratings from the National Federation of Music Clubs competitions for over a decade. He plays for the Arkansas Symphony Youth Orchestra and as a volunteer musician for the Fort Smith Community Band. Ben is still deciding where to attend college, but wherever he goes, he hopes to continue playing with an orchestra. Eventually, he wants to teach at the university level. "Ultimately," he wrote, "I want to use my passion to unite people of all different races, backgrounds and cultures. In today's society that is politically and culturally divided, it is more important than ever to share the universal language of music."

KATHERINE HAHN
Age: 17
Hometown: Hindsville
High School: Huntsville High School
Parents: Shannon Hahn
College plans: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, biochemical engineering

Katherine Hahn is ranked first in her class at Huntsville High School, which she attends because her hometown of Hindsville is too small to support its own school system. The population of Hindsville is "about 75 people," she told us. At Huntsville High, Katherine plays bass drum in the marching band and marimba/xylophone in the concert band and runs with the Huntsville cross-country team. Her real passion, though, is science. "I think I've always wanted to go to a college that was science-based and research-based," she told us. Her high school principal, Roxanne Enix, noted her own surprise when Katherine announced that she'd take 10 credits her senior year, instead of the recommended eight. "I thought she had lost her mind," Enix stated. Those credits, over half of which are in AP classes, are what Katherine hopes have prepared her for the rigorous workload at MIT. Aiming for a career in pharmaceutical development, Katherine plans to study biochemical engineering, something she said resonated personally with her as a result of her mother's struggle with skin cancer. "Biology helps me understand why medicine does the things it does," Katherine told us. "Whenever I first started out, I wanted to do environmental stuff," she said, but turned her attention to drug delivery systems after observing so many friends and loved ones battling cancer. "I want to help stop people from being scared of losing people," she explained. Katherine, a native of Tahlequah, Okla., who moved to Arkansas around fifth grade, has served on the Madison County Health Coalition as Youth Leader and was named Student of the Year in 2017 by the Huntsville Chamber of Commerce and Huntsville High School.

GEORGIANA BURNSIDE
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
Parents: Bob and Ann Burnside
College plans: Stanford University, biology and public policy

When this reporter mentioned to friends at UAMS that she'd just spoken to an amazingly poised, optimistic and intelligent young woman with a spinal cord injury, they said in unison, "You mean Georgiana Burnside." Her reputation as a teenager who at 16 was paralyzed from the waist down in a snow skiing accident but who considers the event a "blessing" no doubt goes further than UAMS, all the way to Denver's Craig Hospital, where she spent "the most memorable two months in my life," she said, and where she returns to continue her rehabilitation. What is a spinal cord injury? She answers that it is a) a life changed in a split second, b) finding out that a bad attitude is the true disability, c) a time to show off wheelchair tricks, and d) spontaneous moments of unfortunate incontinence. In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Georgiana writes, "my physical brokenness has developed wholeness in my heart about the capacity life holds for individuals regardless of their disabilities." In a phone interview, Georgiana, once a figure skater, talked about her work with Easter Seals, fundraisers for Craig Hospital, and giving talks and testimony about her faith. Georgiana has regained the ability to walk with hiking sticks and leg braces, thanks to the strength in her quads. And, thanks to support from the High Fives Foundation in Truckee, Calif., which sponsors athletes with injuries and which has paid for some of her rehabilitation, Georgiana returned to the slopes over spring break, skiing upright with the aid of long forearm equipment. At Stanford, she'll study to be a doctor, with a goal to return to Craig Hospital as a physician who'll treat other injured youths who, though they may have, like Georgiana, at first believed their life was over, will learn they have "a unique role ... enabling the advancement of society."

MITCHELL HARVEY
Age: 17
Hometown: North Little Rock
High School: North Little Rock High School
Parents: David and Susan Harvey
College plans: Likely Mississippi State University, chemical engineering

Mitchell Harvey is a big fan of the periodic table. "The elements are amazing little things," he wrote in his Academic All-Star essay. "They make up everything, yet we hardly see them in their pure form in everyday life." Mitchell decided they needed more exposure, so he started collecting examples of the elements and taking them to school for his peers and teachers to see. He extracted helium from an abandoned tank on the side of the road. He found zinc in wheel weights, grew crystals of copper with electrolysis and made bromine, which he describes as "a blood-red liquid that fumes profusely," from a "crude" homemade distillation setup and pool chemicals. Though you can buy sodium readily, Mitchell made his by melting drain cleaner (sodium hydroxide) with a blowtorch and then passing a current through it, separating the mixture into sodium metal, oxygen and water. His parents were OK with the procedure, he says, because he wore a Tyvek suit, three pairs of gloves, safety goggles and a face shield. While on a college visit in California last summer, Mitchell toured Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles and was impressed by the large periodic table display exhibit there. So he decided to build one for North Little Rock High. He got money from the school's alumni group, the Wildcat Foundation, to pay for the supplies necessary to construct the 9-foot-by-6-foot display. He hopes to have it completed in the next two weeks and fill it with examples of elements he has collected, though he may need additional funding to pay for other elements. No. 1 in a class of 687, Mitchell scored a perfect 36 on the ACT. He's also an Eagle Scout, and led a project to plant 800 native hardwood seedlings at Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park. After college, Mitchell said, he might start his own waste remediation business. "The business model I would be going for would be taking some byproduct that's hazardous and turning it into something useful."

CARSON MOLDER
Age: 18
Hometown: Mabelvale
High school: Bryant High SCHOOL
Parents: Kevin and Ruby Molder
College plans: University of Arkansas

Not everybody plays the mellophone and likes to draw up better interstate exchanges, but Carson Molder does both. The University of Arkansas Honors College-bound student, No. 1 in his class, likes to create three-dimensional schemes in his head, and has been creating road designs since he was young. But as a musician who plays the French horn in his school's orchestra and the mellophone in the Legacy of Bryant marching band, and who has won a band scholarship in addition to his Honors College reward to the UA, he said that one day he may be an audio engineer. "I'm going to put things together and see what sticks," he said of his future. Meanwhile, Carson said the internet has been his Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria, taking him to new places that he otherwise could not get to. "I can count on my hands the number of times I have set foot outside Arkansas," Carson wrote in an essay for the Arkansas Times. But with the internet, "I can gaze into the redwood forests of California and the skyscrapers of New York City without leaving my desk." Without the internet, he said in a phone interview, "I would not be at the top of my class." Carson added, "It's not going to replace going out and visiting these things, but if you're a kid and don't have the money to go out, you can visit Yellowstone." Carson, who describes himself as "really ambitious," is looking forward to studying with Dr. Alan Mantooth, the director of the UA National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission. The UA, he said, "will provide me the tools" he'll need to succeed in graduate school, which he hopes will be Stanford University.

OLIVIA LANGER
Age: 18
Hometown: Jonesboro
High school: Brookland High School
Parents: Kelly Webb and Jonathan Langer
College plans: University of California, Santa Barbara, chemistry

You might think that a student who is No. 1 in her class and a National Merit finalist with nary a B on her high school transcript might not consider one of her greatest achievements her selection as her high school's drum major three years in a row. But here's the thing: Schoolwork comes easy to Olivia Langer. "I never had to work hard," she told us. In fact, her style of learning is "conversation-based," she said; she enjoys "debate without argument." But music was different: "I struggled at points, and had to put in extra work to be good." Her selection as drum major was "something I know I've worked for," she said, and she has enjoyed the responsibilities that come with it. "I like to take care of people. The band calls me band mom," she added. Beside numerous academic awards, Olivia also earned a 2017 state Horatio Alger scholarship for students who have overcome great obstacles. Hers, Olivia said, was financial: She's always had a place to stay and food to eat, but she hasn't been able to afford academic programs. "Honestly, I wasn't able to visit any of the colleges I applied to," she said. So she will see the UC Santa Barbara campus for the first time when she arrives this fall. She's considering a double major in chemistry and anthropology; she's interested in the evolutionary side of anthropology, and plans to seek graduate and post-graduate degrees.

REBECCA PARHAM
Age: 18
Hometown: Alma
High School: Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences and the Arts
Parents: Eileen and Rick Parham
College plans: University of Arkansas or Hendrix College

On a visit to Hanamaki, Japan, with her school, Rebecca Parham noticed that once a month all the citizens would clean the front of their homes and shops. Folks would give each other gifts, too. "It was clear people tended to think for the whole," she said. "I thought that was really nice." An avid chemist, Rebecca did not just improve her Japanese on the trip, she brought those lessons of helping the community back to Arkansas. Her work has been at the intersection of heady science and community impact. In her robotics club, she noticed that girls were less likely to participate. "I decided that was not OK," she said. So, she designed a day with LEGO kits to encourage women to pursue STEM education. That desire to make an impact goes beyond school, too. For her senior project, Rebecca designed a test for homebuyers to see if meth had been cooked on their property (yes, meth). Her parents, on hearing of this project choice, asked her to "please explain a little bit further ... ." Here's the gist: The method of meth production in rural areas has shifted to something called the Birch reduction; older testing kits would no longer work. But Rebecca thought she could produce one that could. She designed a flame test. It finds lithium compounds left behind. The process of invention was "definitely frustrating," Rebecca said, but you "learn things you never thought of before." Rebecca did not plan to spend senior year in her dorm late at night "searching online" how to identify meth production, but she has a driving curiosity toward science and how it "connects to the world." She hopes to work in renewable energy — to be part of the global community, from Japan to Arkansas — making the world a nice place in which to live.

GRANT ROBINSON
Age: 18
Hometown: Searcy
High school: Searcy High School
Parents: Eric and Lisa Robinson College plans: University of Arkansas

Grant Robinson's father is a cardiologist, and Grant long figured he would follow in his dad's footsteps. But now he's not so sure. Last summer, he was selected, among thousands of applicants from around the world, to participate in a Stanford University summer engineering program. He got to experience a taste of college life, to take advantage of Stanford's decked-out labs and to tour the area to see results of civil engineering. The most memorable part of the program? Grant's small group built a Rube Goldberg machine — a complicated gadget that performs a simple task in a convoluted way — that, by Grant's estimation, was "the most complex and aesthetically pleasing" in the program. It included an electromagnet the group handmade and chemical reactions triggered by the machine. Grant's academic achievements are the byproduct of a natural curiosity. He said he spends what little free time he has exploring YouTube, trying to figure out the way the world works. Another influence: His father, who pulled himself out of poverty to become a doctor, has always instilled in him the importance of hard work. The message clearly stuck. Grant is second in his class of 263, with a 4.27 GPA. He scored a 35 on the ACT. He's a Presidential Scholar. His classmates voted him most likely to receive the Nobel Prize. He also participated in Project Unify (now known as Unified Champion Schools), an effort by the Special Olympics to get young people with and without special needs to come together for activities. Grant helped plan a basketball tournament as part of the project. In the fall, he'll be rooting on the Razorbacks at the University of Arkansas.  

JOHN SNYDER
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
Parents: Jill and Steve Snyder
College plans: Cornell University, industrial and labor relations

Whatever you were doing by your senior year in high school, chances are you probably hadn't already authored a book, much less a book on the complicated intersection of taxation and politics. John Snyder has, though. His book, "The Politics of Fiscal Policy," explores the political aspects of economics, including the pros and cons of various governmental tax schemes and their effect on government spending. It's for sale on Amazon right now. "It's pretty concise," John said, "but I wanted a way to express all my ideas in economic terms. That was a great way to do that." A history buff who serves as vice president of his class, John has a stunning 4.49 GPA and is ranked first in his class of 129. Though he wanted to be a lawyer when he was younger, his plan now is to go into investment banking. "Ultimately I want to have my own hedge fund — this thing called an activist hedge fund — and eventually I want to be actively involved in politics, whether that's in the midst of my business career or after ... . I'd love to run for public office one day." At Cornell University, John will be studying industrial and labor relations, a field that marries his love of multiple subjects. "Basically it ties in business, law, economics and history all into sort of one degree," he said. "You can do limitless things [with the degree]. Some people go into law school, some go into banking, some go to politics. That's why I chose that degree." John said his philosophy is that we have only a limited amount of time on earth, and so we should try to make the most of our lives. "I think there are a lot of things I can do to change the way things currently are in society, whether it's related to business or in academia or public policy," he said. "If I don't play a role in that and I'm not striving to do my best, I would feel like I'm wasting my potential."

PRESTON STONE
Age: 18
Hometown: Benton
High school: Benton High School
Parents: Haley Hicks and Brec Stone
College plans: University of Arkansas, pre-med

Benton High School's Big Man on Campus — No. 1 in his class, captain of the football team, an AP Scholar, straight As — can add to his resume the fact that he helped build his home. Preston, his two brothers and his mother bounced around a bit after her divorce, from Texas to Arkansas, living with grandparents and friends, Preston said. Then the family was selected by Habitat for Humanity, and he and his brothers pitched in to build their house. "It was the first place I could truly call home and it allowed me the stability I needed to grow into the kind of student I am today," he wrote in his essay for the Arkansas Times. Preston, who also helped build a school outreach group called SERVE to help new or struggling students, also credits sports for giving him purpose. He recently volunteered to trade in the pigskin for a basketball, joining a team that played boys at the Alexander Juvenile Detention Center. "It was an awesome experience," Preston said in a phone interview. "We were a little bit nervous at first" at the detention center, he said, but the team enjoyed the game — even though they lost to the Alexander team, formed to reward inmates with good behavior. "They practice every day," Preston said. Preston has received a $70,000 Honors College scholarship at Fayetteville. He won't be playing football with the Razorbacks. Instead he is thinking of following a pre-med track that will lead him to sports medicine. He plans to go Greek, as well.

KARINA BAO
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High school: Central High School
Parents: Amy Yu and Shawn Bao
College plans: undecided

Karina Bao embraces complexity. The Central High School valedictorian (in a class of 636) is a member of the school's back-to-back state champion Ethics Bowl Team, for which she said she spent hours "researching, discussing and sometimes even arguing" case studies. Unlike debate, she said Ethics Bowl is "really about the back-and-forth and considering different caveats and nuances and considerations" in issues ranging from local food to gender identity. As president of the school's Brain Club, she leads discussions on brain diseases, disorders and anatomy. It's a role for which she's more than qualified: She placed first in the U.S. Brain Bee, a youth neuroscience competition in which contestants answer questions about anatomy and make diagnoses based on patient actors. Placing No. 1 in the U.S. competition landed Karina a trip to Copenhagen, Denmark, to the International Brain Bee, which happened to coincide with a Federation of International Neuroscientists conference, where Karina got to talk to scientists from all over the world about their groundbreaking research. She placed fifth in the international competition. A perennial outstanding delegate winner at Model United Nations competitions, Karina said Model U.N. has helped her to "not be scared of the complexity and interconnectedness of pressing issues we face today." In her spare time, Karina volunteers on the oncology wing of Baptist Hospital. "You don't get to do much," she said. "But at least we get to talk to people and help them with whatever they need and be there to listen." In her Academic All-Stars essay, Karina echoed the same drive for understanding: "The stories other people share with me become not my own when I retell them, but a part of humanity's collective spirit to understand each other. We grow from hours of listening and crying, to empathize, to have the strength and openness to pop each successive layer of the protective bubble that keeps us from seeing the very world in which we reside."

BRYCE COHEA
Age: 19
Hometown: Greenwood
High school: Greenwood High School
Parents: Mike and Robin Cohea
College plans: University of Tulsa or Vanderbilt university, biology

Though he grew up landlocked, far from the deep blue sea, Greenwood High School standout Bryce Cohea knew from an early age that he wanted to be a marine biologist. To reach that goal, Bryce had to start early. "In the ninth grade," he wrote in his Academic All-Stars essay, "I began planning out all my classes for the next four years. I wanted to graduate top of my class, and in order to do that I would need to take every advanced placement class and get an A in every class." That's exactly what he did, too, making nothing less than a perfect grade in every class for his entire high school career. With a 4.25 GPA and a rank of No. 1 in his class of 275, Bryce has volunteered extensively with the Salvation Army and collected shoes for the homeless; he helps unload trucks and stock shelves at the food bank at his church. A National Merit semifinalist, he also has the distinction of having scored the first perfect ACT score of 36 in Greenwood High School history. "I've honestly been a good test-taker," he said. "The first time I took it, I got a 34. After that, I got the test back and I worked on whatever I missed. After a few more tries, I got a 36." Bryce was still deciding on which university to attend when we spoke to him, but he definitely plans to study science. The subject has always interested him, he said. "I'm planning on majoring in biology and then specializing after that," he said.

IMANI GOSSERAND
Age: 16
Hometown: Rogers
HIGH SCHOOL: ROGERS HIGH SCHOOL
Parents: James and Hyesun Gosserand

College plans: University of Southern California, Harvey Mudd College or Columbia University, computer science or environmental science

Imani Gosserand has a journal in which she organizes the many moving parts of her life — competitive gymnastics, AP classes, computer science, Young Democrats, volunteering — into lists. Personal stuff is in there, too: bucket lists, remembrances. The journal combines the creative and the organized; it is problem-solving with an artful flare, which is how Imani operates. "I really like being able to create something of my own," she said of computer science. At a camp at Stanford University, in California, her team won the competition to program a car. Imani, not surprisingly, is good at math: She learned multiplication at age 4 and went on to skip two grades. Imani thinks schoolwork is fun. "We had a huge packet of homework problems we had to do over one of our breaks," she said. "And no one else was excited about it except for me. I was like 'Oh, I'm so excited to do all these problems!' " She brings that enthusiasm for problem-solving to bigger issues, as well. "I feel like there are so many opportunities for me because our world relies on technology, so I think I could go into any field," she said. She's excited to explore and see where she can help. "I want to meet people from around the world and hear different perspectives."

C.J. FOWLER
Age: 18
Hometown: Little Rock
High School: Central High School
Parents: Bobbi and Dustin McDaniel and Chris and Kim Fowler
College plans: Yale University

C.J. Fowler has long been around Democratic politics. His stepfather is former Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel. But C.J. said he decided to become more politically involved himself after he came out as gay. "The situation that I'm in is not great," he said. "People are not always accepting. But it's on me if I want to try to change that and make it better for the people who come after me. I have to make sure that my community and all marginalized communities have a seat at the table, because far too often a bunch of old gray white guys are making policies that hurt everyone else." The student body president of Central High, C.J. said he's tried to move the student council, a glorified dance committee, toward advocacy and activism for students throughout the district, whose future is being decided by those "people sitting in dark rooms." He said students too often get left out of the conversation about the district "because we're too young to have opinions. But we're not; we're living it every day." C.J. has been a fixture at Little Rock School District public comment periods. Though he can't point to any policy victories, he said at least LRSD Superintendent Mike Poore knows who he is and that he disagrees with him. C.J., who is also the executive director of Young Democrats of Arkansas, sees the backlash against President Trump as encouraging. "We're realizing that, if we're going to go all in for progressive values, we need to go all in." Rather than join the chorus of progressives in the Northeast after he finishes at Yale, C.J. says he wants to come back to Arkansas and possibly continue in politics. He admires state Sen. Joyce Elliott (D-Little Rock) and says he hopes if he ever holds office that he can follow her example.

SOPHIE PRICE
Age: 18
Hometown: Fort Smith
High School: Southside High
Parents: Claire Price and Scott Price
College plans: Vanderbilt University, political science

"Growing up, I would always argue with everybody," Sophie Price said. Sometimes it was just to play devil's advocate, but mostly, it was because Sophie wants to find the capital-t Truth. Some of this digging for truth is class: seven AP course just this year and 12 during her time in high school. But, some of it is also talking with people, discussing issues. "The best way to improve your argument is to hear the counters, to hear the other side," Sophie said, and often she is willing to be convinced. She wants to do the right thing; she believes in justice. Which is why after college at Vanderbilt on a full scholarship, she wants to field arguments as a judge. "My whole life I've followed this ideal that you have to do what's right," Sophie said. "I want to be a judge so I can kind of decide that." Vanderbilt was the only school to which Sophie applied. She knew it was the right one for her. She arrived in Nashville on a rainy day in January, but through the gloom, she knew. "Something about the beautiful campus and the intelligent people and these varying perspectives just sold me immediately," she said. In a few months she was back at Vanderbilt for a camp where she studied law, and it cemented the deal. "There was something so exhilarating about being able to have this case and have the facts and kind of create your own narrative and really advocate for someone that drew me in," she said. Watch out, because "everything I do, I want to give it a 120 percent," Sophie said.

MEAGAN OLSEN
Age: 17
Hometown: Fayetteville
High School: Fayetteville High School
Parents: Anjanette Olsen
College plans: University of Arkansas Honors College, chemical engineering

Fayetteville High School’s top student, with a perfect ACT score of 36, a 4.2 gradepoint average and the co-author of a paper on fractal self-assembly, is not just a bookworm. She’s a leader, her counselor Cindy Alley says, who shows “grit, motivation to succeed and a desire to help others.” She is also, Alley says, “a pure joy to be around.” In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Meagan talked about how she came to understand “ternary counters,” a base-3 method of counting in which only the digits 0, 1 and 2 are used. (Binary counters of 0 and 1 make up our computer’s “thinking,” as people with 10 fingers, we use base 10 to count.) Meagan, trying to make a “self-assembling ternary counter,” said she banged her head against “endless walls” for weeks. Then just after 1 a.m., she woke up with the answer. It’s a wise child who gives credit where credit is due: “I understood,” she wrote, “my mother’s advice about taking a break whenever I was upset.” Meagan’s paper on fractal self-assembly was published in the 22nd International Conference on DNBA Computing and Molecular Programing. She no longer lets frustration prevent her from solving a problem; sometimes, she’ll just sleep on it. Meagan told the Times she plans to attend a small conference this summer and then take some needed down time. She plans to use her degree from Fayetteville to pursue biomedical research.
          Take A Guess Which Of These Egg Yolks Is Actually From A Healthy Chicken   
One of the more interesting aspects of living in Brazil is the different approaches to food. We are connected to local farms from friends and family, spoiling us with organic homegrown everything. Regarding chicken eggs, the sizes vary, the colors of the shells vary but if the egg comes from the family farm, the yolk almost always a darker color. It is also thicker than the typical yellow yolk you find at the store.


In the United States all the eggs that can be bought at our local supermarket are yellow. Organic, vegetarian or cheap; they are all yellow and the yolk is not as thick. What is the reason for this? Could it be that myself and almost everyone I know has been eating eggs from unhealthy chickens? Have you ever even seen an orange egg? It took me 30 years to discover an egg from a healthy chicken. That’s crazy.

Having returned to the states, Craigslist is the go-to route to accommodate my urban life with homestead flare in search of the dankest foods.

From Garden Betty… Last year, I compared my pasture-foraging, insect-pecking, soil-scratching, whole grain-feeding chickens’ yolks to the yolks of both their “free-ranging” and factory-farmed counterparts. The differences are clearly visible: Yolks from my homegrown eggs were not only darker orange, but also fuller and thicker. Even the eggshells were denser and harder to crack. But what’s the big deal about orange yolks? Besides being a coveted color, orange yolks are an indication of a well balanced and highly nutritious diet. A few things factor into the making of an orange yolk: xanthophylls, omega-3 fatty acids, and meats. Xanthophylls are a class of carotenoids. Carotenoids are natural plant pigments found in many fruits and vegetables. It’s often thought that beta-carotene, one of the more well-known carotenoids, is responsible for giving yolks the orange pigment that people associate with carrots. But in actuality, beta-carotene benefits yolks nutritionally, rather than colorfully. The carotenoids that cause deeper yolk coloring are xanthophylls, which are more readily absorbed in the yolks. (Lutein is one such xanthophyll, and a lot of lutein means a lot more orange.) Xanthophylls are found in dark leafy greens like spinach, kale and collards, as well as in zucchini, broccoli, and brussels sprouts. Omega-3 fatty acids are highly concentrated in flax seeds and sea kelp, which are both important components of my homemade whole grain chicken feed.

And did you know that chickens are not meant to be vegetarian, no matter what your premium carton of organic/grain-fed/cage-free eggs tells you? Chickens are omnivores by nature and their healthiest diets include meats, such as mealworms, beetles, grasshoppers, grubs, and whatever creepy-crawly they can pull out of the ground. I’ve even heard of chickens (those ballsy ones out in the boonies) attacking small rodents and snakes!

When you have all of these sources incorporated into a hen’s healthful diet, the nutrients they consume are passed on to their eggs and concentrated in their yolks. According to Mother Earth News, which conducted its own egg analysis, and a more recent Pennsylvania State University study, pastured eggs contain higher levels of vitamins A, D and E; more beta-carotene; and more omega-3s.

All this means is that a pastured egg is better for you. And that’s one of the reasons we raise chickens, right?

So, how do we get those delightful dark orange yolks from our backyard chickens?


Let your ladies roam a pasture (or a garden — especially if you’re digging over new beds — or even just a new patch of dirt in their chicken tractor) for an orange-boosting bug buffet.

Give them plenty of fresh greens to increase the lutein in their yolks. The darker the green the better, so I often fix them a feast of edible amaranth (one of my favorite summer greens), kale, collards, broccoli leaves, or whatever I happen to have growing in my garden. If it’s the middle of winter and your garden greens are lacking, you can feed them alfalfa.

They’re very handy helpers at the end of the season when most of my greens have bolted and become bug-ridden. Let the chickens clean up those plants before you pull them out for your compost pile. It’s a win for everybody! (Except the bugs, that is…)

(As an aside, don’t be fooled by the cheater method that egg factories take, and simply feed your chickens more corn. While corn can give your yolks that nice golden color, it has little nutritional value.)

After a few weeks, you’ll be so used to seeing orange yolks (the way most of us have been conditioned to see yellow yolks) that you might even think they haven’t changed in color. Buy some eggs from the store and crack them into a bowl with your homegrown eggs — you’ll be stunned at the difference!

Those are some interesting observations by Garden Betty. Here is a bit more of an explanation by food and nutrition.

WATCH THE VIDEO:

When it comes to yolks, the color is determined by a hen’s diet, not its breed (artificial color additives are not permitted in eggs) or the freshness of the egg. Hen diets heavy in green plants, yellow corn, alfalfa and other plant material with xanthophylls pigment (a yellow-orange hue) will produce a darker yellow-orange yolk. Diets of wheat or barley produce pale yellow yolks; hens fed white cornmeal produce almost colorless yolks.

Free-range hens may have access to more heavily pigmented food so they may produce eggs with darker yolks. According to the American Egg Board, consumer preference in the U.S. is typically for light gold- or lemon-colored yolks.

At the end of the day, know your farmer and the diet of the chickens producing the eggs to be eaten.

True Activist
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          Falling Behind   
On blogging that is. But at least I've been a little better about getting out for fresh air and exercise for a change. The first day that I took a walk this fall, I walked for about 20 minutes and got shin splints! I am totally ashamed.

This is prime planting time in my neck of the woods and all those poor plants I dragged along with me all need a safe patch of ground to ride the winter out in. I am overwhelmed.

It doesn't help when I take pity on a poor, abused frog. One of my spastic ducks -- one I need to share a mug shot of -- caught a frog by the leg and proceeded to parade it around the yard, as the frog dangled and bounced around. It took a little finagling to force the frog out of the duck's bill. Once I did the poor little amphibian looked pretty beat up. Both his back legs were motionless and he had something hanging out of his mouth, which I was afraid might be internal organs. Not sure what to do, I just held him to keep him warm and alert. Eventually he swallowed whatever-it-was back down. Gradually he got some use back in one of his legs. The other leg, though, did not look promising.


So in the interest of giving him a safe place to heal, I put him in a jar and offered him a small caterpillar. He seemed to eat that, but turned his nose up at the cutworm I found -- I don't blame him, I wouldn't eat one either. So he spent the night in our house.

The next morning he looked somewhat improved, having regained complete use of his better leg and also use of the upper portion of his second leg. Not knowing that I would be capable of feeding him, I decided to let him free and check up on him later. He crawled under the canopy of my brocolli plants. When I went back to check on him, he was gone without a trace.


          Current Events   
People will do anything for their children. So what happens when your children happen to sport bills? You buy them a farm!


That’s the short story. If you want to know how it all happened, here are the details:

We have been dreaming for a while now of owning land and starting a farm. Not a farm for profit, but for personal satisfaction. I believe that’s known in some circles as “hobby farming,” but I find that term to be somewhat condescending and belittling of what I feel is a noble pursuit – raising a greater portion of one’s own food at home. Since I began gardening with ornamentals on a city lot, I soon found my plot crammed full with no allotment for vegetables. I grew my tomatoes, peppers, basil and eggplants in a small greenhouse that my husband built on the sunny side of our deck. As I discovered the possibility of growing food crops into the leaner months, I realized that as much as I loved the forested park across from our house, it was limiting my ration of winter sunlight. The last straw came when I experimented with keeping ducks and realized I had fallen head over heels in love with the silly little creatures.

Our original set of ducklings came from the local feed store. We were very fortunate to watch them grow into two ducks and one drake (duck is the term for a female and drake is the term for a male). It soon became clear that while ducks are great egg layers, they are also, by far, the noisier gender. If I did not crawl out of bed at first light to let them out of their pen, they had sufficient lungs to probably awaken all of the adjacent neighbors, or at least the lighter sleepers among them. And while the used straw bedding makes a well-balanced compost addition, it also encourages flies to multiply in the warmer months. My neighbors were big-hearted enough to look past these flaws, but I felt a little uneasy about the situation. In my city, ducks are legally considered livestock and are not allowed on a city lot. But to me they were more like pets. We were fascinated with watching their behaviors. Seeing them swim in the pond we built for them was a perpetual joy. There is nothing quite like watching ducks splash around, dive, and “laugh.” Because, yes, they do make a laughing sound – often they will laugh when they do something they know we don’t want them to do. They also wag their tails when they are happy.

Even with visions of animal control officials raiding my backyard goading me constantly, I’m not the type of person who uproots easily, especially from a garden that I have poured my hopes and dreams into and which flourished and began to abound with all forms of life.

But circumstances have a funny way of pulling you along with their current, if you let them.

One mild February evening, after a second unusually long cold spell had passed, and with the promise of spring hanging in the air -- the daffodils were about to bloom and the grass grew visibly in the course of a single day – a raccoon came to prey upon my favorite duck. She was the one I referred to as “demure,” because she was slender and bright-eyed, with a shy and gentle temperament. Whenever I would dig in the garden, she would be right there by my side scavenging for worms, while our other duck would hang back and cluck at me if I got too close to her. This well-mannered duck had been the one duckling that adored swimming and diving above all else, so that when she grew she preferred to spend her time paddling around in the pond rather than foraging with the others. Of course that raccoon took my favorite. I was heart-broken.

Losing a pet hurts more than we would foresee. I think this is because we interact with them daily, and they become an integral part of our lives. Their absence is felt constantly throughout our days. I could easily have fallen into a fit of depression over her loss, even knowing that helps no one or nothing, however a thought occurred to me to make the most of the situation. I had begun letting her keep a few eggs on her nest, with the hope that they may awaken maternal feelings in her. I took her three eggs inside with me that night. I read all that I could read. My husband helped me throw together a homemade styrofoam cooler incubator. I obsessed over thermometer accuracy, temperature, humidity, and the proper intervals to turn eggs. This gave me something to focus on. I quickly realized my homemade incubator would be difficult to regulate, as I did not have a thermostat to keep the temperature constant, and as my source of heat was a light bulb. I was overwhelmed by unknowns – how the temperature differed based on location in the incubator, what I should be seeing when I candled – held light up to and peered through -- the eggs, or whether the embryos would even survive their first week, not to mention the four I had just signed up for. Before they were even old enough to be visible, I decided I had probably fried them during a temperature spike, so I took three more of her eggs out of the refrigerator, even though my odds of hatching them would be lower. Oh goody, more complexity, because with a staggered hatch you now need a separate hatcher (an incubator where you maintain slightly different temperature and humidity conditions for the hatch).

For a month I lost most of my sleep, catching short half hour to forty-five minute naps throughout the night, and could not keep any sort of regular attendance at work. Fortunately I work close to home and have a lot of flexibility in my schedule, but even then I was mostly absent. This was a labor of love. I don’t have children, so this is as close as I’ll probably ever get to a maternity leave and a frazzled, sleepless existence. I would read -- laying down on the couch (couldn’t bare to sit in a chair) -- to stay awake, so that I could check regularly to make sure the temperature was stable in the incubator, between naps. I haven’t read through that many books, in so short of a time, since college. And unless the book was exciting, and later even if it was, I would fall asleep holding the book up. By the third week I was so physically uncoordinated that I decided it was safest not to drive anywhere. It was pretty wicked and by then I couldn’t even tell if there was any life inside the shells. They just looked dark inside. Despite my uncertainty, I was determined to keep my faith in the resilience of life.

And what do you know? Even before their due dates, those little tikes pipped through their shells (made the first hole through which they can breathe oxygen). Then I was suddenly plunged into double duty, because I had two separate clutches separated by a few days of time, maintaining both a hatcher and an incubator within their respective temperature and humidity ranges. I became a nut case. I don’t actually remember a whole lot from this period of time, except feeling really tired and frustrated. I think I was ready to give up. I got desperate when the pips (the little guys that had broken through in one spot) did not continue to work their way out of their shells within a day. I was fortunate to find lots of good information at the Backyard Chicken Forum. Reading through the experience of others got me through this difficult time emotionally – I sure as h3ll wasn’t rational at this point -- and gave me the confidence to lend a small hand in the process (by dropping small amounts of warm water on the shells to ensure they had enough humidity to move around inside and break a circle around the shell). I noticed that helped them, so I guess my humidity wasn’t as spot on as I had thought. I referred to this as “inducing labor.”


Napping after a successful hatch

I could go on about how excruciatingly frustrating it was to watch them hatch. I think it took at least two hours of monumental struggling on their parts. I hated every minute of it. My husband couldn’t bear to watch at all. Some were lucky and found some traction inside the incubator against which they could leverage themselves out of the shell, but if they came out too soon, they didn’t have the opportunity to dry off during their exit and looked horribly fragile and bedraggled. One got his wing out and could not re-orient himself, so he just had to push and push and push and push. It was exhausting to watch and I think I really just wanted to cry at that point.


Breach? This guy came earlier than expected so he didn't have time to re-orient after the last time his egg was turned.

Fresh from the egg, still a bit sticky. Part of the shell is stuck to his back.



Hatching is very tiresome work


Too cute for this silly basket

A few days run into themselves at this point in my mind. Somehow I don’t remember a distinct break in the hatching between the two clutches. I think maybe things just kept rolling, with the next clutch piping once the first clutch hatched. Here we go again! Like any parents, we just ate cold meals between all the chaos. Cold, because something would always happen just before we could sit down to eat. By the time the last one hatched out of the final clutch it was some ungodly hour, getting on early morning. My wits were not about me. All I could do was dream about the opportunity for uninterrupted sleep. So, while technically you should leave your new hatchlings to fluff up in the incubator, I decided to dry the last one in my hand next to our woodstove. It went quicker that way, and it was a bonding experience. In retrospect, I should have dried them all that way.

I really didn’t mean to give you a treatise here. I enjoyed re-counting this, though. Looking at them all now, you wouldn’t imagine they could have once been so tiny and frail and tucked into a shell. I’m glad I have photos, because I simply couldn’t visualize them as fresh hatchlings when I was pondering this the other day. They are so big – some of the drakes are bigger than their father even. Out of 6 eggs, 5 were fertile and all 5 hatched. It is unusual to hatch eggs that have been refrigerated and it should have decreased my odds. It did not. All the fridge eggs hatched and I referred to them as “Fridgestock.” I also found out that lots of people have trouble with purchased incubators because they trust the thermometer readings. In other words, my homemade incubator, despite its flaws, gave me a good, albeit frustrating, lesson in thermometer accuracy. Most thermometers are off by at least a degree or more. When you are hatching, you need to keep your temperature within about a half to one degree (optimally) either direction of your target temperature. The best thing to do is to have at least three thermometers and take an average of your readings, before deciding which is most accurate and how discrepant it probably is. Thermometer accuracy was a lesson I did not have the luxury of learning the hard way, because I had only one chance to get this right. Out of 5 ducklings, I got four drakes and one duck. She is the spitting image of her mother.

Once we had hatched our ducklings, in a brief respite of time, we looked at a piece of land. That parcel of land spoke to us like no other we had seen before in two years of searching. Just days after the ducklings were old enough to sleep outside at night, our house went on the market. I missed more work and more sleep, but now we have room to keep all of our ducks. Or rather all of our drakes. Its funny though, because shortly after discovering our affinity for ducks, I thought we should call our dream farm “Drake Maiden Farm.” Life has a sense of irony, I suppose.

          Tcup Size (PuppyFind) $2,500   
All prices are for pet only. This is a exquisite tcup black & silver phantom baby boy. This gorgeous little boy is super coated and has an awesome personality. Weight on 5-1-17 is 5 pounds 2 ounce. All dew claws are removed and his tail is docked to breed standards. He is started on house breaking. He is nicely proportioned with short legs, and a compact square body. Please see my personal web sitelisted below, for more details. All babies come with shots & worming current, a lifetime written good health guarantee (subject to terms), their food, dish, toys, vitamin samples, & instructions on how to care for them. They are raised with love, & are happy, healthy, & well socialized. We breed for personality & temperament, as well as the standards for the breed. All babies will come to you with up-to-date puppy vaccinations and wormings, following a well-puppy protocol, reflecting my 26+ years of experience. My t-cup babies average 3-six pounds, and my toys are 7-eleven pounds at maturity .

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All prices are for pet only. This is a exquisite toy, black & silver parti, super coated male. I expect him to be about 10 pounds at maturity. All dew claws are removed and his tail is docked to breed standards. He is started on house breaking. He is nicely proportioned with short legs, and a compact square body. Please see my personal web sitelisted below, for more info. All babies come with shots & worming current, a lifetime written good health guarantee (subject to terms), their food, dish, toys, vitamin samples, & instructions on how to care for them. They are raised with love, & are happy, healthy, & well socialized. We breed for personality & temperament, as well as the standards for the breed. All babies will come to you with up-to-date puppy vaccinations and wormings, following a well-puppy protocol, reflecting my 26+ years of experience. My t-cup babies average 3-6 pounds, and my toys are 7-eleven pounds at maturity .

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1. Most Eco Friendly Toilet in the World

Saniflo Sanicompact toilet was awarded a 6 Star Wels Rating making it the most environmentally friendly toilet currently on the market today.  It has been praised for it’s amazing economical water consumption.

This particular toilet is capable of using 1.8 litres of water per dual flush compared to a standard toilet which uses 4 litres per 6 litres of dual flush.

The toilet itself does not have a cistern to flush itself so it is a great choice where space is at a premium.

 cross section image of Saniflo eco toilet

The system is really easy to install as it comes as one unit.  There is no cutting into wooden floor boards, having to cut through concrete blocks or digging up the ground to get to the sewer pipes.

The Sanicompact toilet uses macerator technology which means it uses a pumping system that reduces solids into small pieces and then forces the liquid and small pieces through a small diameter one way pipe.  The pipe includes a non return valve that ensures any macerated waste from returning back to the system.

The toilet is mounted to the floor using a 40mm pipe, you can also connect your basin to an inlet at the rear of the unit which means you only need one product to create a second toilet anywhere in the home for a fraction of the cost.

You get to choose between 1.8 Litre or 3 litre flush so in other words the most environmentally toilet currently available on the market.

Learn more about it here http://www.saniflo.com.au/

 2.Worms farms 

 

In the last few years worm farms have picked up in popularity as a home composting solution.

A worm farm can help minimise food waste by transforming it into liquid fertiliser.  The worms eat all the organic food waste and expel nutrient rich matter and worm castings which are organic material that has been previously digested by worms.

person shows dirt and worms in his hand for eco worm far,

Worm liquid can be used to completely replace your normal fertiliser. This liquid requires dilution with water before you can apply it to your garden and indoor plants.  Once the liquid is the colour of a mild tea it is ready to use on your plants.  This solution will not burn your plants at all.

Worm farms are relatively low maintenance once you have completed the initial set up process.

In order to thrive worms need a moist environment. You can create this using old newspaper and keeping it wet.  You will need to create a moist paper or hessian base layer and also a moist paper or hessian cover layer.

Organic food waste suitable for a worm farm

Most scraps can go into your worm farm including egg shells, coffee grinds and tea leaves.  Beware of too much acidic scraps such as citrus fruits and onions as the worms aren’t too keen on them so keep these scraps to a minimum - no more than few pieces is enough.

Other things to avoid include tough heavy garden clippings as it will take the worms ages to get through them  Believe it or not dog hairs and cauum ckleaner bags are ideal for your worm farm.

After setting up your worm farm you can expect to harvesting fertiliser from the bottom after approx. four or five months.

 

Close up picture of worm used in eco worm farm

Worms are very clean creatures.  They don’t have any diseases and their digestive system is capable of destroying pathogens.

An interesting fact: If everyone had a worm farm then our compostable waste would be reduced by 1 tonne per person per year.

Bunnings have a whole range of worm farm products available to get you started. Learn more here:

https://www.bunnings.com.au/our-range/garden/gardening/maintenance/worm-farms.

 

3. Rheem Air and Water

 

The Rheem air and water integrated EcoNet system is an Australian product and the first integrated system that is capable of handling your homes heating, cooling and water heating all in one.  

\\One of the great features of this products is the ease of changing temperature.  There is an easy to read and operate large digital screen which allows you to control everything via a touchscreen.

 

A Rheem Eco water heater

 

You can also set up, monitor and change everything via an app for your phone.  So if you are taking a holiday and you forgot to turn off your heater you can do so via an app on your phone whilst you lay on the beach.

http://www.rheem.com/EcoNet/Home

 

3. Water Sprinkler System

 

Following on from the Australian water conservation theme we move onto a product that can help save outdoor water consumption.

Rachio allows you to have full control over the watering of your garden by using an app.

 

screen shot of Rachio app

 

One of the clever features is how the system utilises a network of thousands of local weather stations.   Once it checks whether or not it is raining it  automatically adjusts the settings accordingly.

The phone app is available for Android and ios and is also compatible with the majority of home connected devices such as Amazon Echo, Google Assistant, Alarm.com and Nest.

Another great feature is how you can customise your watering to suit your lawn type. For example by type of grass and plant, amount of sun exposure, angles of the landscape etc.

This allows you to optimise your outdoor watering to be as efficient as possible which is not available with traditional water sprinkler systems.

http://rachio.com/

4.Lamps To Grow Plants In Windowless Spaces

 

More and more people are living in apartment buildings these days.  There are various benefits for living in apartments including less maintenance, financial benefits, shared amenities, proximity to shops and services, safer and better sense of community.

 

Clear eco lamp with plant

 

There are some drawbacks when it comes apartment living - often you won’t have your own outdoor space, possibly more noise and often a lack of sunlight which can make growing plants difficult.

Over 80% of all Australians reside in urban areas, they also spend 90% of their time indoors either at home or work.  NSW health has estimated that urban air pollution causes up to 2000 deaths per year in the Sydney metropolitan area alone.

Another surprising fact is indoor air pollution is between 2 to 10 times more higher than the outdoors.  Pollutants expelled from man made materials used in furniture, fixtures and electrical equipment can cause loss of concentration, headaches, sore, itchy red eyes. Indoor plants have been proven to have various health benefits some of which include  reducing stress and tiredness which in turn can lead to improved productivity.

 

A large lamp containing a house plant by Nui Studios

 

If you are not inclined to put in the effort required to having house plants or you simply do not have enough light to successfully grow indoor plants you may want to consider the Lamp Mygdal from Nui.

It utilises intelligent design that allows plants to flourish in rooms without windows.  The lamp allows a completely autonomous ecosystem which allows plants to photosynthesise in the harshest of environments.
 

Glass eco lamp with plant by Nui Studio

The clever design incorporates electrically conductive glass coating which creates an invisible connection between the power source and the LED.

Nui Studio prides itself on preserving and retaining long forgotten crafts these lamps are created with mouth blown and hand finished glass.

5. Spiky Shower Curtain

 

Being the driest continent on the planet Australia has understandably always had issues with water conservation.

There are a few things people can do at home to help the water conservation effort, for example using bore water for gardening,  water saving shower heads and storm rain water tanks.

Elisabeth Buecher has created a concept for the shower that might be able to prevent people taking longer than the recommended 4 minutes to shower.

It is a shower curtain that has a  series of inflatable spikes that stand to attention and force the person in the shower to get out as soon as the four minutes are up.

It uses a small air inflator which starts up using a sensor once your four minutes are up.

It is currently just a concept but may be available to the public who want a cheap novel way of reducing water consumption in their bathrooms.

http://www.elisabethbuecher.com/

Eco shower curtain saves water by using inflatable spikes to push you out of the shower

6. Tiles for growing mini gardens

 

Urban living has exploded in  recent years.  A problem of this growth has been a loss of green space and trees.  

Grey to Green tries to reduce some of the negative impact of this loss of greenery while combining the added benefits of recycling.

Grey to Green creates paving stones that have small spaces within them where you can grow plants and herbs.

Eco tiles  with holes to grow vegetation

They have four paving stone designs available ranging from one to eight holes to grow the plants and herbs from.

 

Close up of an eco green tile by Caroline Brahme

The could be used in backyards or integrated into our towns and cities as part of the normal urban landscape allowing the introduction of a greener and more natural urban environment without compromising on space.

The tiles were designed by Swedish designer Caroline Brahme who has other interesting designs you can learn about here.

http://cargocollective.com/carolinebrahme/

7. Tiny Homes

The tiny homes movement refers to the social and architectural movement that encourages and promotes living in small houses.    There is a distinction between small and tiny.  Dwellings considered small are between 37m2 and 93m2.  To qualify as a tiny house the building should be less than 37m2.

Tiny eco house on wheels

Due to the space restrictions of smaller homes the design has to be clever and well thought out

The movement is gaining popularity as people are priced out of the traditional housing markets, more people are interested in simpler, more sustainable living.

It really started to take off due to the global financial crisis of 2007. As well as financial reasons other factors that seem to be fuelling this boom include environmental concerns and the desire for a freer, healthier lifestyle that allows for more outdoor leisure time.

In some parts of the world such as Europe the tiny house trend has had a positive impact on homeless people as they are used as shelters.  In 2005 following Hurricane Katrina a designer set up a initiative to re home people affected by the disaster using 28 m2 hurricane proof houses which went on to win awards.  These can be purchased in the U.S in kit form.

 

Inside an eco tiny house

Small and tiny homes have the advantage over their counterparts as being cheaper to build, cheaper heating repairs and maintenance.

Other benefits could also be that living in a smaller area allows for a much less cluttered lifestyle. With only the essentials required to live, the smaller space discourages hoarding.

 

kitchen and stairs of a tiny house

Small and tiny houses also appeal to those people who want a cheap holiday home or retirement house.

Here are some of the top  tiny house companies in Australia

http://designerecohomes.com.au/

http://www.tinyhousecompany.com.au/ 

http://fredstinyhouses.com.au/

8.Environmentally friendly and socially conscious toilet paper: Who Gives a Crap

 

Who Gives a Crap toilet paper was started when the three founders learnt that 2.4 billion people from around the worlds do not have access to a toilet, this means that diarrhoea related diseases cause sub saharan hospital beds to eb over half full and over 500 children undere th age of five die every day.

eco-design19.png

Who Gives a Crap does not use trees to produce the paper just 100% recycled paper fibres, sugar cane or bamboo. In  addition they do not have any dyes or added scents either.

The great thing about this company is that they donate 50% of all their profits to help build toilets where they are badly needed. This is a good enough reason on it’s own to  switch to this brand let alone the added environmental plus points.

Eco toilet paper Who Gives a Crap

https://au.whogivesacrap.org/pages/our-impact

9.Water Pebble

The Water Pebble is small, simple and effective.  You place it in your shower and it memorises your standard amount of water used.  After that it will indicate using a traffic light system if you are exceeding the water consumption during your shower.

The Water Pebble effectively trains you to spend less time in the shower.

http://waterpebbleus.com/

water-pebble

10. RavenWindow

Raven windows can help with savings on ventilation, air-con and heating.  They do this by using a patented themochronic filter in the space between the double glazed glass of the window.  This allows for control the amount of heat and light you allow into your home.

Raven Windows claim you can save up to 30 % annually on your heating  and cooling costs.  They work a bit like transition glasses where they will automatically transition from clear to dark but they use heat to action the change, filtering out strong light but keeping your visibility in tact.

http://www.raven.com.au/domino/raven/ravenweb.nsf

Eco double glazed windows that transition darker when sunny


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          Rainier Summit #2, June 10-12, 2011   
I always like to write trip reports on my bigger climbs so that I can remember them, record key learnings and share the stories with others who are interested. So, this documents my climb of Mt. Rainier via the Disappointment Cleaver route from Friday, June 10th to Sunday, June 12th, 2011. I climbed with good friends and climbing partners Ben and Mark Gossett. I do almost all of my climbing with them and really enjoy their personalities, temperament, attitudes toward climbing/safety, and shared love for Jesus. When you’re roping up to someone and trusting your life to them, it’s really nice to have so many things in common, and it’s also really nice to have done many climbs together already so that you know you can trust them.

The trip started out with a lot of blessing in that Ben and I were both able to get out on the same weekend without causing our wives too much trouble/extra work, as they were both out of town with the kids. It looked like there was going to be a weather window over the weekend, although there had been some snow on the mountain during the preceding days and we were a little concerned about avalanche danger. We decided to get up there to get a better feel for conditions.

We met up, drove to Paradise and left the trailhead at 4:30pm on Friday the 10th. We hit clouds around 6,500 ft (Paradise is at 5,400) and climbed into a foggy, grey world. Not really a white-out, but at times it was difficult to see the route/wands. At around 8,000 feet, the clouds parted and we made camp at around 8,200 feet – above the clouds. We carved out a platform in the snow, set up tents, boiled water, ate dinner and enjoyed the views. It got pretty cold that night (20’s?), but there was little wind. We were in our down bags for the night by 10pm (the sun had not set much earlier) and didn’t get up until 8am. None of us slept straight through of course, but we had a hard time getting out of the warm bags in the morning.

Looking down at the clouds from our camp at 8,200 feet.

Looking up at the summit from our camp at 8,200. Clear blue skies beckoning.

Eventually we got up, broke down camp and got focused on moving up again. It was warming up and sunny on our way up to Camp Muir at 10,100 feet, where we stopped to talk to the climbing rangers and use the pseudo-facilities (a glorified porta-potty that always seems like it could rocket down the hill at any moment because it’s tied to the side of the mountain). Shortly thereafter we left for Ingraham Flats and enjoyed the total snow coverage on Cathedral Gap, which is often a sliding rock pile by this time of year. The snow levels on Rainier are running about a month behind and were fantastic this weekend.

Porta-potties that hang on the side of the mountain at Camp Muir. They are "emptied" by helicopter.

We rolled into our high camp at Ingraham Flats at about 2:30pm and carved out a flat area in the snow with some wind protection. We spent the next five and a half hours melting snow and boiling water to stay hydrated in the morning. We realized we’d made a mistake in bringing only one stove – we really needed two in order to make quicker progress. Because of this error, we didn’t get into our bags and to sleep until about 8pm. It was going to be a short night’s sleep as we had set alarms for 11:45pm. The stove issue also meant we were not able to hydrate well that afternoon and evening (Saturday), which would cause us trouble on Sunday.

Our camp at Ingraham Flats at 11,100 feet - our launching point for a summit bid. This camp is basically level with the top of Little Tahoma (in the background), Washington's 3rd-highest summit.

Alarms went off at 11:45pm – we were up getting harnesses and crampons on by midnight. We had laid the rope out with our ice axes already, so we were ready to go by 12:45am. I tried to eat a dessert bar I had set aside, but it was frozen solid so I wasn’t able to eat it. I also had another huge issue: I had recently bought a larger platypus (water carrier) with an insulated tube and cap (the thin tubes don’t work on Rainier at altitude, where it’s very cold, without insulation anyway). Apparently, they don’t work WITH insulation either. The mouthpiece was already freezing and soon I had no water – I would have to share with Ben and Mark and carry my water to replenish them.

We left camp and headed up the hill and to the right to avoid a large crevasse. We stepped over a small one (one foot) and tried to make quick progress through an area where large house-sized ice-blocks loom (and where 13 people died in an ice fall in the 80’s). The route transferred onto the Disappointment Cleaver after skirting a few rock outcroppings. The guide companies had installed a fixed line in this section of the climb, because of steepness that could cause problems for their clients, but we avoided it. We climbed up the steep section and onto the spine of the Cleaver, and kept moving up for about an hour until we hit the top of the Cleaver at 12,100 feet. We rested for about 5 minutes and I was able to get some water from Ben and Mark. At this altitude even their better insulated bottles were getting cold.

This is the "Disappointment Cleaver" seen after we were back down. If you look closely, you can see climbers on the spine.

We continued our progress, traversing out to the North towards the Emmons Glacier. The traverse across was fairly flat (even down a bit) to skirt around a few icefalls. Even the flat traverse though had significant exposure and large crevasses (big enough to drop a house into) at the bottom. It was important to step carefully and to be ready to self-arrest a fall by yourself or a climbing partner. I kept my headlamp focused on the path in front of me and avoided the sometimes disorienting look out into the exposure and lower peaks looming up from below. Sometime around now, the sun came up and began to warm our environs a bit.

This is the traverse out to the Emmons Glacier and the large crevasses below. The pic is not taken straight - it should look a little bit steeper.

We kept going up, climbing up the switch backs and eventually made another stop for water on a steep section, where a large group passed us. Once we got going again, we passed them as they rested on a few ice steps along the route. We were now at about 13,300 feet. I was bonking. The altitude, lack of water and poor food consumption at the beginning of the climb (down at 11,100) was catching up to me and I was lacking will power. I was doing a lot of taking 6-8 steps, one full breath at each step, stopping, breathing hard and then moving again. Mark was doing a good job of giving a little tug from above (he was in front now) to keep our rope team moving. We converged with a group of guys coming up from the Gib Ledges route (a steeper and more exposed route directly out of Camp Muir) who congratulated us on the self-supported climb, and we all kept moving up. It was tiring, but we knew we were close.

This picture is taken near the crater rim.

A short bit later, at 6am, we crested the crater rim at about 14,100, walked into the center of the crater, dropped our packs, unroped and collapsed onto our gear. All of my water was frozen, even water in my pack. My suntan lotion (which I needed) was frozen, and I munched on barely edible frozen gummy worms. They warmed in my mouth and allowed me to swallow them. I needed the sugar boost. Ben and Mark’s water was nearly frozen too, but we were able to share it between us.

We finally got going again and trudged slowly up to the Columbia Crest true summit at 6:30am. It was cold and the wind was blowing pretty good. It was probably 10-15 degrees and 0 with the 10-15 mile/hour wind. It was a beautiful summit morning though – the clouds were still down low at 8-10,000 feet – and we could see both the city of Seattle and all of the big peaks around us. As I took a 360 degree video, including a view of the Liberty Cap summit, it was sad to realize later that a 50 year old man was struggling for life somewhere near that summit right around the same time.

Mark, me and Ben (left to right) on the summit at 6:30am.

The crater - we are headed back down now.

We didn’t stay long on top, made our way back to the shelter of the crater, fueled up a bit more, re-roped and headed down. We were moving slowly and allowed several groups to pass us. We wanted to be safe and make good decisions with our footsteps and knew that slow was better. Once we got back to 13,000 feet, the air thickened up a little bit and it was getting warmer. I took off my down sweater and we continued to make our way down. Once we got to the top of the Cleaver at 12,100, it was getting hot and we were feeling better. After a 10-15 minute break, we headed down the steep Cleaver, stepping carefully and short-roping. Surprisingly, there were still people headed up the Cleaver, even though it was 10 in the morning, well after a normal start time to avoid ice movement, crevasse falls and avalanche danger. We made quick work of the Cleaver, traversed quickly through the section of giant house-sized ice blocks that hang above the route, and trudged into camp. It was 10:45am and we had been moving for 10 hours solid after less than 4 hours of broken sleep.

Ben leading back down - at the top of the Cleaver.

We are almost back to our high camp now.

We collapsed into our tents, refueled on water and snacks, boiled some fresh water for the down-climb and began to pack up. By 1pm we were ready to move and headed down to Camp Muir. At every step the air was getting thicker. At Camp Muir, the clouds were beginning to come up-mountain a bit, and as we descended past the 10,000 foot mark, we moved into the clouds. We made quick work of the Muir snowfield and down-climb to Paradise, arriving at 4:30pm. We had been moving for almost 16 hours. In what seemed like a gift from God, as we stepped onto pavement again for the first time in three days, it began to rain. We had had beautiful weather all weekend, so the fact that the rain held off seemed like a blessing.

We gave a prayer of thanksgiving, then it was back off to civilization, half pound burgers and chocolate shakes at the Highlander and warm beds at home.


          Study sheds new light on extent of lethal rat lungworm's geographic range in Florida   

University of Florida researchers have found rat lungworm, a parasitic nematode that can cause meningitis in humans and animals, in five Florida counties. Rats and snails in Alachua, Leon, St. Johns, Orange and Hillsborough counties tested positive for the parasite, according to a study in PLoS ONE by researchers in the UF College of Veterinary Medicine and the Florida Museum of Natural History.


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          Côte d’Ivoire: UN Peacekeeping Mission Ends    

A convoy of United Nation peacekeepers are seen outside Bouake during an army mutiny in which disgruntled Ivorian soldiers seized control of the city. January 6, 2017.

© 2017 Reuters
(Abidjan) – As the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOCI) comes to an end on June 30, 2017, the Ivorian government should redouble its efforts to address the serious rights issues at the root of past political violence, Human Rights Watch, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), the Ivorian Movement for Human Rights (MIDH) and the Ivorian League for Human Rights (LIDHO) said today.

Côte d’Ivoire has enjoyed more than six years of relative peace and security since a devastating post-election crisis in 2010-2011. But the government’s inadequate progress in addressing a longstanding culture of impunity, reforming the security forces, and strengthening rule of law institutions threaten the country’s long-term prospects for peace and development.

“Côte d’Ivoire has distanced itself from the violence and conflict that blighted so many lives and tore communities apart, but it’s too early to say whether the recovery is sustainable,” said Drissa Traore, Vice-President of FIDH. “The peace dividends that the United Nations has contributed to could be reversed unless the Ivorian government addresses pervasive immunity and the army’s lack of discipline.”

Beginning with the deadly clashes that followed the 2000 presidential election and later the 2002-2003 armed conflict, international and Ivorian human rights groups have documented abuses committed during the political and inter-ethnic violence that haunted Côte d’Ivoire until the conclusion of the 2010-2011 post-election crisis. A decade of conflict and instability was punctuated by horrendous human rights violations, including widespread extrajudicial killings, torture, and targeted sexual violence by government forces, government-linked militia, student groups, and rebel forces alike.

The UN mission was established in April 2004 to monitor a cease-fire agreement after the 2002-2003 armed conflict, with peacekeepers monitoring a “zone of confidence” that separated the government-controlled south from the rebel-held north. This stalemate continued until the 2007 Ouagadougou peace accords, which set the stage for presidential elections in 2010 and, in the aftermath, the 2010-2011 post-election crisis.

Aïchatou Mindaoudou, the UN secretary-general’s special representative and head of the peacekeeping mission, said in June that “demonstrable progress has been made on all fronts.” The UN rightly cites peaceful 2015 presidential elections and 2016 legislative elections as evidence of improved security. And a 2016 constitutional referendum removed a divisive nationality clause that had fueled decades of ethnic and political tensions, although the vote was criticized for its lack of transparency.

Despite this progress, the government of President Alassane Ouattara has not fully addressed key human rights issues that have contributed to past political violence and conflict.

During the decade of unrest that culminated in the 2010-2011 post-election crisis, the culture of impunity that allowed those responsible for atrocities to escape justice was a key factor in perpetuating abuses. Former President Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé, a former militia leader, are on trial before the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes against humanity. And yet, the vast majority of the commanders and leaders implicated in a decade of serious human rights violations – on both sides of the military-political divide – have not been held to account.

The Ivorian government has made some progress in strengthening the justice system following years of neglect. But the deeply flawed trial for crimes against humanity and war crimes of former first lady Simone Gbagbo raises doubts about the Ivorian justice system’s ability to fairly and effectively try serious human rights cases. And the promotion in January of several army commanders suspected of involvement in abuses during the post-election crisis raises concerns about potential political interference in investigations.

The lack of accountability for human rights abuses is indicative of a wider failure to address a longstanding culture of impunity within the army. Mutinies in January and May, in which soldiers seized control of the country’s second largest city and neighborhoods in several other towns, reflect a wider perception that the army is “above the law.”

The peacekeeping mission has conducted extensive training for the security forces, including on compliance with human rights, and the army has reduced human rights abuses by soldiers against civilians. But the government has repeatedly failed to hold soldiers accountable for criminality, from the atrocities of the post-election crisis, to the illicit exploitation of natural resources by army commanders, to checkpoint extortion by rank-and-file soldiers. A March 2016 United Nations Group of Experts report found that former rebel commanders “who occupy key roles in the Ivorian security apparatus, continue to have access to private assets, financial resources and weapons.”

“It’s a vicious cycle,” said Yacouba Doumbia, President of MIDH. “The government’s failure to reduce soldiers’ illicit economic activities, and their commanders’ access to private wealth and weapons, makes it more difficult to hold them accountable for other abuses.”

The discovery by mutinying soldiers in May of an arms cache in Bouake underscored the failure of Côte d’Ivoire’s disarmament process to secure weapons hidden in private arsenals. The government has opened a judicial investigation and said it will seek to locate arms hidden in other locations.

Many of the underlying tensions that drove past ethnic violence also remain unresolved, notably an incomplete national reconciliation process and continued competition over land. Although land conflicts may have gradually become less prevalent, they remain a key driver of local violence, as illustrated by intercommunal clashes in March 2016 in Bouna that killed dozens of people and displaced thousands more. At the same time, as it moves forward with implementation of a 1998 land law, the government should strengthen local government capacity to find fair and durable rights-based solutions to tensions over land.

The peacekeepers’ departure, and the recent mutinies, underscore the need to intensify efforts to address longstanding impunity and professionalize the security forces. This should include a strengthened military justice system and improved internal military disciplinary mechanisms.

The authorities should also follow through on the promise to prosecute individuals – including members of the security forces – implicated in atrocities during the 2010-2011 post-election crisis. This requires the government to provide the judiciary with adequate support to complete their investigations, as well as to finish the exhumation of victims in western Côte d’Ivoire. Holding accountable high-level perpetrators, including those who fought for Ouattara during the crisis, would send the message that those who resort to violence and human rights abuses in moments of political tension will face the consequences.

“With the UN peacekeeping mission’s departure, Côte d’Ivoire’s government now bears the sole responsibility for addressing the human rights challenges that threaten long-term stability,” said Jim Wormington, West Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. “This means tackling impunity and addressing the root causes of political and ethnic tensions.”


          OSU veterinary students to treat neglected animals in Nicaragua   
06/29/2017
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A group of veterinary students from Oregon State University will travel to Nicaragua this summer to conduct six days of free clinics on a rural island that has no regular veterinary care.

CORVALLIS, Ore – A group of veterinary students from Oregon State University will travel to Nicaragua this summer to conduct six days of free clinics on a rural island that has no regular veterinary care.

The contingent, members of the OSU chapter of the International Veterinary Students’ Association, will pay their own way to spend the first week of August on Ometepe Island, home to an estimated 10,000 people and 50,000 animals.

The clinics include physical exams, deworming, vaccinations, spays, neuters and public health education. 

The Ometepe residents rely on pigs, cows, donkeys, horses and chickens for food, transport and work. In addition, there is a large population of stray dogs and cats that can spread disease.

OSU students, under the supervision of volunteer veterinarians, spay and neuter hundreds of dogs and cats on Ometepe every summer. This is the 10th year of the program, and it’s made a difference, said Sue Tornquist, the Lois Bates Acheson Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine and a longtime volunteer on the trip. 

“We now see many dogs that come to the clinic and only need preventive care, since so many have been spayed and neutered already,” she said.

In addition to funding their own travel costs, students raise money to purchase veterinary supplies such as vaccines, needles, syringes, gauze and sutures. The total averages about $1,500 per student.

Anyone interested in helping to support the students can “adopt” a Nicaraguan animal for $20.

“In exchange, you will receive a photo and story about the animal that was in our care, including a description of the type of care provided for the animal,” said Kristin Wineinger, co-chair of Oregon State’s IVSA chapter.

For more information or to donate, visit http://stuorgs.oregonstate.edu/ivsa/donate.

Media Contact: 

Lyn Smith-Gloria, 541-737-3844

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Treating a cow in 2016


          Just Enough Carrots (MathStart 1)   
Elephants, rabbits, and birds shop in this funny grocery store. Can you guess what the little rabbit wants more of? Munchy, crunchy carrots, of course! And fewer of? Squirmy worms and chewy peanuts (yuck!). So why is his mother buying all those cans of worms?


          Laune low, few salmon caught   
News from the Laune system from Eileen Carroll: KILLARNEY LAKES No report. RIVER LAUNE Two visiting anglers from County Offaly had a grilse each on worms weighing 3lbs each landed on Beat 2 of the River Laune.  Water levels low. RIVER FLESK A Cork Angler had a grilse weighing 2lbs spinning.  Two local anglers had a […]
          Dos años de aplicación de las "Leyes Mordaza"   

Organizaciones y movimientos sociales exigen que se cumplan diez principios básicos para garantizar la protección de los Derechos Humanos.

Comunicado "No somos delito"

El 1 de julio se cumplen dos años de la entrada en vigor de las conocidas como Leyes Mordaza (Ley Orgánica de Protección de la Seguridad Ciudadana y reformas del Código Penal). Desde su entrada en vigor, en 2015, organizaciones y movimientos sociales venimos denunciando las graves consecuencias de la aplicación de estas leyes para el libre ejercicio de los derechos humanos. En estos dos años, hemos sido testigos de un incremento de la discrecionalidad policial y de la vulneración de derechos fundamentales, consecuencia en muchos casos del abuso por parte de los agentes de la presunción de veracidad y del poder de interpretación que les otorga la citada Ley Orgánica de Protección de la Seguridad Ciudadana.

Los últimos datos extraídos del informe del Ministerio del Interior muestran que el primer motivo de sanción referente a seguridad ciudadana son las multas por "faltas de respeto y consideración a la autoridad". Uno de los tantos artículos que aparecen redactados de una forma indeterminada en esta ley, en el cual no se especifica de una forma clara cuáles pueden ser los motivos concretos de dicha sanción. Este hecho pone de manifiesto cómo la ambigüedad de la ley, está dejando a la ciudadanía en una situación de indefensión ante el poder de la policía, que es quien tiene la potestad de interpretar qué hechos son sancionables o no dentro del libre ejercicio de derechos fundamentales como la libertad de expresión o reunión.

Por tanto, no es de extrañar que desde que se empezó a aplicar la Ley Mordaza se estén produciendo situaciones de personas denunciados por policías, no sólo en el ámbito de las movilizaciones activistas, por motivos como no tratarlos de usted, criticar la extralimitación en sus funciones o vestir una camiseta con una leyenda reivindicativa, por poner algunos ejemplos. También son alarmantes los casos de periodistas multados por esta ley, restringiendo de esta forma el derecho de la ciudadanía a recibir una información veraz.

Ante una posible reforma de esta ley en el Congreso, las organizaciones y colectivos sociales que hemos denunciado la arbitrariedad y falta de garantías de esta norma legal seguimos trabajando para que las modificaciones que se lleven a cabo por los grupos parlamentarios respondan a unos mínimos que garanticen el libre ejercicio de los derechos fundamentales. Por este motivo, hemos iniciado la redacción de una propuesta para una ley que garantice la Seguridad Jurídica y la protección del ejercicio de los Derechos Humanos que recoge los 10 principios básicos que consideramos que debería contener una legislación que defienda y proteja los derechos y libertades de las personas.

Se trata de un texto en construcción y en continuo desarrollo, redactado por el Grupo de Análisis de la Plataforma No Somos Delito, compuesto por más de 15 juristas, con el apoyo de numerosos colectivos, asociaciones y organizaciones de diversas características que tienen en común la defensa de los Derechos Humanos. Documento al que se han adherido desde un inicio más de 10 organizaciones entre las que se encuentran: Jueces y Juezas para la Democracia, la Asociación Libre de Abogados y Abogadas (ALA), la Comisión Legal Sol, Hetaira, Greenpeace, la Coordinadora de ONGD, la Plataforma en Defensa de la Libertad de Información (PDLI), Red Acoge, la Coordinadora de Barrios, Xnet, 15MPaRato, PAH Madrid, Sos Racismo, Defender a quien defiende, Hetaira, Federación de Sindicatos de Periodistas (FeSP), Yayoflautas Madrid, Asociación Apoyo, Forn de Teatre Pa'tothom, PAH AlcoSanse (confirma este jueves), Psicología Solidaria, etc. El objetivo de este proyecto es sumar a muchas más personas individuales y colectivos que trabajan en la defensa de los Derechos Humanos para conseguir en los próximos meses un documento enriquecido que pueda ser la base de una legislación realmente garantista y que cumpla con los principios de un Estado democrático en el que se respeten los derechos humanos.

David Roseman, an employee at Alaska's Wood Tikchick State Park, spotted this big bear carrying her cubs across the river on her back. Sweet video below. From National Geographic:

Wayne Kasworm, a grizzly bear biologist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, explained that bears' high fat content and oily coat helps them easily stay afloat. The bears, which he estimates to be about six months old, will likely start to swim on their own once they reach 30 pounds.

          Great Job, Internet!: A classic Animaniacs song gets a cinematic remake courtesy of 168 movies   

It’s probably not much of a stretch to say that plenty of people of a certain age have Animaniacs musical numbers to thank for their wealth of geographic knowledge. Before there was “Wakko’s America,” which forever drilled all 50 states and their capitals into the brains of American children, there was the equally memorable “Yakko’s World.” Set to the tune of the traditional Mexican song “Jarabe Tapatío,” it runs down many, but not all, of the countries in the world as of 1993. It remains one of the show’s most popular songs, and now it’s the subject of the latest video in The Unusual Suspect’s Cinema Sings series,

Ross “The Unusual Suspect” Fearnley used footage from 168 different movies to recreate this jaunty earworm and transform it into a frenzied, cinematic recitation. We’re not sure what sounds like more of a headache: actually ...


          Molson (PuppyFind) $650   
Awesome Miniature Dachshund puppy born 4-8-17. Exquisite Cream medium-long hair (plushcoat) with White chest and tail-tip. Will be average size Miniature Dachshund (around 9 pounds) when grown. VERY affectionate and wonderful. Loves everybody! English Cream background, and VERY attractive! Only $650. He is current on shots and wormings. This incredible little boy will give you more love and entertainment than you could ever imagine! Both parents are AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB, and they are both 8 pounds, so these pups will be on the small side of miniature. This little boy will probably be about nine pounds. when grown. They have been raised in the middle of the family room with children, cats, and other dogs. The purchase includes: food/blanket/toy/dental treat/bath/nails clipped/potty pad/health record & 1 yr health guar. If you get 2 pups, there is a $50 discount on the 2nd puppy. Call or text Charlotte in Vista, Ca. at xxx-xxx-xxxx. More pics at xxxxxxxxxx.xxx. Thank you!

          Killian (PuppyFind) $675   
Awesome Miniature Dachshund puppy born 4-8-17. Exquisite, unique, wonderful, fun-loving & cuddly. Current on shots and wormings. This incredible fluffy Long hair/Wirehair Red and White Piebald boy will give you more love and entertainment than you could ever imagine! The wirehairs are Hypoallergenic and Low-shed. Both parents are AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB, and they are both 8 pounds, so these pups will be on the smaller side of miniature. This boy will probably be about 8 1/2 to 9 pounds. when grown. They have been raised in the middle of the family room with children, cats, and other dogs. The purchase includes: food/blanket/toy/dental treat/bath/nails clipped/potty pad/health record & 1 yr health guar. If you get 2 pups, there is a $50 discount on the 2nd puppy. Call or text Charlotte in Vista, Ca. at xxx-xxx-xxxx. More pics at xxxxxxxxxx.xxx. Thank you!

          Adopt Charlie a Tan/Yellow/Fawn - with White Dachshund / Mixed dog in Chula (Adopt-a-Pet.com)   
Woof! My adoption payment is $25 for the month of June! My name is Charlie and I am a 7yr old Dachshund mixture. I am a laid back, loving dog who adores attention. I like to go on walks! I would benefit from daily exercise. Recommended for a home with kids 12+. Please adopt me! All shelter pets are spayed/neutered, vaccinated, de-wormed, and micro-chipped upon adoption. Dogs that are adopted by residents of Chula Vista will also receive a free one-year license. To check on the status of this dog, please call (619) 691-XXXX. Make sure to have the ID# handy! Or stop by our facility and meet all of our good adoptable animals: Chula Vista Animal Care Facility 130 Beyer Way Chula Vista, CA 91911 (619) 691-XXXX Hours at the shelter are:*Tuesday through Friday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.*Saturday from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. *Closed Sundays, Mondays, and all major holidays

          Chocolate M (PuppyFind) $1,000   
Lovely long hair miniature chocolate male. Nice personality. American kennel club documents up to date on vaccines and worming . Available now

          "Never play cards with a man called Doc. Never eat at a place called Mom's. Never sleep with a woman whose troubles are worse than your own."   
That's the famous quote — the "three rules of life" — from the 1956 novel "A Walk on the Wild Side," by Nelson Algren.

I was just exploring in Google Street View and I came to a town in Florida called Sopchoppy — known for its Worm Grunting Festival — where I was entranced by this sign for the place I'd always heard of, Mom's:

mom's 3
          The Worm Within – Review   

The Worm Within is the first novel in the Chronicles of Future Earth, a setting created and written by Sarah Newton. By Paco García Jaén Based on Earth in a very, very distant future where civilizations have come and gone and the world has suffered for millennia, left-behind ruins, glimpses and legends of what once [...]

The post The Worm Within – Review appeared first on G*M*S Magazine.


          Review: Review: Il turco in Italia (Garsington Opera, Wormsley Estate)   

Welcome revival for a summertime crowd-pleaser that's brimming with fizz and fun
          Should Vendors Be Legislated into Providing Ongoing Software Support?   

The WannaCry &#rsquo;ransomworm&#rdquo; highlighted a number of issues in modern enterprise IT. Dealing with legacy software, support, maintaining good patching processes, effectively mitigating discovered vulnerabilities, responsible disclosure—all of these points have been highlighted and discussed in the aftermath of the …
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Should Vendors Be Legislated into Providing Ongoing Software Support?|TVP Strategy


          DJ Earworm's 2016 United State of Pop Mashup [VIDEO]   
One thing we look forward to year after year is the Top 40 mashup that comes out every December and this year was no different. Continue reading…
          United State Of Pop 2014 Pop Music Mash Up [VIDEO]   
There were countless hit pop songs this past year, some slow and soulful, others catchy and fast paced. Somehow, music genius DJ Earworm mashed all of the past year’s most popular hits into one single mash up song which he calls "Do What You Wanna Do." Continue reading…
          DJ Earworm's 2013 United State of Pop Mashup [VIDEO]   
We’ve waited all year and finally, DJ Earworm’s 2013 United State of Pop mashup has arrived. This year’s mashup, dubbed “Living the Fantasy” blends the top 25 songs from Billboard’s Hot 100 Singles chart... Continue reading…
          Beautiful Blue and Silver Weimaraner Puppies 8 Weeks Old (Oodle) $400   
I have a litter of blue and silver Weimaraner puppies for sale. I have blue males and females, and silver males all available for sale now. Born 4-29-2017 They are CKC registered purebread Weimaraners with first shots done. NO SHIPPING! $400 Tales docked, dew claws removed, wormed and first shots administered. Ask for Shaun.

          AKC Miniature Schnauzer Puppies (Oodle) $500   
AKC registered Miniature Schnauzer Puppies, 8 weeks old, 1 salt/pepper male, 1 Liver/Parti Female, 1 Liver/Parti Male, 3 Liver/Tan Males, tails docked, dew claws removed, UTD on shots, wormed, vet checked and healthy, raised indoors, $500 for S/P, $700 for liver/parti and liver/tan pups, call or text (256)322-XXXX.

          puppies (Oodle) $1,000   
AKC Golden Retriever puppies. Come from a great blood line. Born 5/2/17. Puppies will be ready to go to a great home the last week of June. Parents on site. Vet checked, first round of shots, dewormed. $1,000.

          akc german shepherd pups (Oodle) $800   
We have male and female shepherd puppies who are looking for the perfect homes. These little fur balls are healthy and ready to go. They're up to date on all shots, have been dewormed, and have been vet inspected as well. These little ones are AKC registered. Your welcome to text, call, or email for further questions and pictures. 770547XXXX www.facebook.com/puppytrails.ga/?ref=page_internal - We also have Cream English pups for sale!

          May 20th CKC Litter of Milk/White Chocolate Puppies For Sale (Oodle) $1,000   
LABRADOR PUPPIES BORN MAY 20th. We have 2 White Chocolate Males and 1 White Chocolate Female for Sale. They will be ready for pickup the week of July 15th as we believe at Turkey Creek Kennel it is important that the mother give them nourishment, love each puppy, and that the puppies learn to socialize with other pups. All of our Labs are family to us and we treat them with tender love and care at Turkey Creek Kennel. WE ARE NOT A PUPPY MILL!!! Pups are CKC registered and are $1000/each. They will receive their 2/4/6 wormings, first set of shots, potty training starts at 3 weeks, and all registration papers at pickup. We provide a health guarantee with all of our pups. They are also bred from championship bloodline which ensures a smart, healthy pet. Contact us for details. We have excellent 5 star references of which we can provide for you to contact. Go see all the rest and save the best for last. We promise you will love being a part of our lab family.

          Akc Standard Black & White Parti Poodle (Oodle) $750   
HIS NAME IS ROCCO. HE IS A 7 WEEK OLD BLACK & WHITE PARTI POODLE. HE IS EXPECTED TO BE 28-32 INCHES AND WEIGH AROUND 85-90LBS. PARENTS ARE BOTH PARTI POODLES AS WELL. HE COMES FROM CHAMPION BLOODLINE. HE IS VERY SMART, PLAYFUL AND FUN!!! HE MAKES A GREAT COMPANION FOR ANY AGE. HE GETS ALONG GREAT WITH ALL TYPES OF ANIMALS AS WELL AS CHILDREN AND PEOPLE. HE HAS BEEN VET CHECKED, DEW CLAWS REMOVED AND HIS TAIL DOCKED. HE HAS HAD HIS 1ST SET OF SHOTS AS WELL AS DEWORMED. I DO GIVE A HEALTH GUARANTEE. HE HAS GREAT MARKINGS AND FANTASTIC BONE STRUCTURE, NO BREATHING OR HEART PROBLEMS. I WOULD LOVE TO SEE ROCCO FIND HIS FOREVER HOME. SERIOUS INQUIRIES ONLY PLEASE!!! PLEASE CALL AMANDA OR KARL @ 770-912-XXXX

          "Ainsi va le Monde" (1790) by Mary Robinson    
May 1998
A Note on the Text of Ainsi va le Monde (1790)

 

AINSI VA LE MONDE,
A POEM.
 
INSCRIBED TO
 
ROBERT MERRY, Esq. A.M.
 
MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF FLORENCE;
 
AND, AUTHOR OF THE LAUREL OF LIBERTY AND THE DELLA CRUSCA POEMS.
 
BY
 
LAURA MARIA.
 
_______________________________
 
SECOND EDITION.
_______________________________
 
 
LONDON:
_________
 
PRINTED BY JOHN BELL, BOOKSELLER TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE
PRINCE OF WALES,
AT THE BRITISH LIBRARY, STRAND.
MDCCXC.
(Price One Shilling and Sixpence.)

 

 

[new page- n.p.]

 

_______________________________
AS A SMALL TRIBUTE
 
OF
 
ESTEEM AND ADMIRATION,
 
THE FOLLOWING SKETCH IS INSCRIBED
 
TO
 
ROBERT MERRY, Esq.
 
BY
 
LAURA MARIA.
 
_______________________________

 

 

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[page 1]

 

AINSI VA LE MONDE,
A POEM.
________________________________________

 

O THOU, to whom superior worth's allied,

Thy Country's honour---and the Muses' pride;

Whose pen gives polish to the varying line

That blends instruction with the song divine;

Whose fancy, glancing o'er the hostile plain,

Plants a fond trophy o'er the mighty slain;*

Or to the daisied lawn directs its way,

Blithe as the songstress of returning day;

Who deign'd to rove where twinkling glow-worms lead

The tiny legions o'er the glitt'ring mead;

Whose liquid notes in sweet meand'rings flow,

Mild as the murmurs of the Bird of Woe;

Who gave to Sympathy its softest pow'r,

The charm to wing Affliction's sable hour;

Who in Italia's groves, with thrilling song,

Call'd mute attention from the minstrel throng;

Gave proud distinction to the Poet's name,

And claim'd, by modest worth, the wreath of fame---

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[page 2]

Accept the Verse thy magic harp inspires,

Nor scorn the Muse that kindles at its fires.

 

O, JUSTLY gifted with the Sacred Lyre,

Whose sounds can more than mortal thoughts inspire,

Whether its strings HEROIC measures move,

Or lyric numbers charm the soul to love;

Whether thy fancy "pours the varying verse"

In bow'rs of bliss, or o'er the plumed hearse;

Whether of patriot zeal, or past'ral sports,

The peace of hamlets, or the pride of courts:

Still Nature glows in ev'ry classic line---

Still Genius dictates---still the verse is thine.

 

TOO long the Muse, in ancient garb array'd,

Has pin'd neglected in oblivion's shade;

Driv'n from the sun-shine of poetic fame,

Stripp'd of each charm,--- she scarcely boasts a name:

Her voice no more can please the vapid throng,

No more loud Pæans consecrate her song,

Cold, faint, and sullen, to the grove she flies,

A faded garland veils her radiant eyes;

A with'ring laurel on her breast she bears,

Fann'd by her sighs, and spangled with her tears;

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[page 3]

From her each fond associate early fled,

She mourn'd a MILTON lost, a SHAKSPERE dead:

Her eye beheld a CHATTERTON oppress'd,

A famish'd OTWAY---ravish'd from her breast;

Now in their place a flutt'ring form appears,

Mocks her fall'n pow'r, and triumphs in her tears:

A flippant, senseless, aëry, thing, whose eye

Glares wanton mirth and fulsome ribaldry.

While motley mumm'ry holds her tinsel reign,

SHAKSPERE might write, and GARRICK act in vain:

True Wit recedes, when blushing Reason views

This spurious offspring of the banish'd Muse.

 

THE task be thine to check the daring hand

That leads fantastic folly o'er the land;

The task be thine with witching spells to bind

The feath'ry shadows of the fickle mind;

To strew with deathless flow'rs the dreary waste;

To pluck the weeds of vitiated taste;

To cheer with smiles the Muse's glorious toil,

And plant perfection on her native soil:

The Arts, that thro' dark centuries have pin'd,

Toil'd without fame, in sordid chains confin'd,

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[page 4]

Burst into light with renovated fire,

Bid Envy shrink and Ignorance expire.

No more prim KNELLER'S simp'ring beauties vie,

Or LELY'S genius droops with languid eye:

No more prepost'rous figures pain the view,

Aliens to Nature, yet to Fancy true,

The wild chimeras of capricious thought,

Deform'd in fashion, and with errors fraught;

The gothic phantoms sick'ning fade away,

And native Genius rushes into day.

 

REYNOLDS, 'tis thine with magic skill to trace

The perfect semblance of exterior grace;

Thy hand, by Nature guided, marks the line

That stamps perfection on the form divine.

What RAPHAEL boasted, and what TITIAN knew,

Immortal REYNOLDS, is excell'd by you:

'Tis thine to tint the lip with rosy die,

To paint the softness of the melting eye;

With auburn curls luxuriantly display'd,

The ivory shoulder's polish'd fall to shade;

To deck the well-turn'd arm with matchless grace,

To mark the dimpled smile on Beauty's face:

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[page 5]

The task is thine, with cunning hand to throw

The veil transparent on the breast of snow:

The Statesman's thought, the Infant's cherub mien,

The Poet's fire, the Matron's eye serene,

Alike with animated lustre shine

Beneath thy polish'd pencil's touch divine.

As BRITAIN'S Genius glories in thy Art,

Adores thy virtues, and reveres thy heart,

Nations unborn shall celebrate thy name,

And waft thy memory on the wings of Fame.

 

OFT when the mind, with sick'ning pangs oppress'd,

Flies to the Muse, and courts the balm of rest,

When Reason, sated with life's weary woes,

Turns to itself---and finds a blest repose,

A gen'rous pride that scorns each petty art,

That feels no envy rankling in the heart,

No mean deceit that wings its shaft at Fame,

Or gives to pamper'd Vice a pompous name;

Then, calm reflection shuns the sordid crowd,

The senseless chaos of the little proud,

Then, indignation stealing through the breast,

Spurns the pert tribe in flimsy greatness drest;

Who, to their native nothingness consign'd,

Sink in contempt,---nor leave a trace behind.

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[page 6]

Then Fancy paints, in visionary gloom,

The sainted shadows of the laurel'd tomb,

The Star of Virtue glist'ning on each breast,

Divine insignia of the spirit blest!

Then MILTON smiles serene, a beauteous shade,

In worth august---in lustrous fires array'd

Immortal SHAKSPERE gleams across the sight,

Rob'd in ethereal vest of radiant light.

Wing'd Ages picture to the dazzled view

Each mark'd perfection---of the sacred few,

POPE, DRYDEN, SPENSER, all that Fame shall raise,

From CHAUCER'S gloom---till MERRY'S lucid days:

Then emulation kindles fancy's fire,

The glorious throng poetic flights inspire;

Each sensate bosom feels the god-like flame,

The cherish'd harbinger of future fame.

Yet timid genius, oft in conscious ease,

Steals from the world, content the few to please:

Obscur'd in shades, the modest Muse retires,

While sparkling vapours emulate her fires.

The proud enthusiast shuns promiscuous praise,

The Idiot's smile condemns the Poet's lays.

Perfection wisely courts the lib'ral few,

The voice of kindred genius must be true.

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[page 7]

But empty witlings sate the public eye

With puny jest and low buffoonery,

The buzzing hornets swarm about the great,

The poor appendages of pamper'd state;

The trifling, flutt'ring, insects of a day,

Flit near the sun, and glitter in its ray;

Whose subtle fires with charms magnetic burn,

Where every servile fool may have his turn.

Lull'd in the lap of indolence, they boast

Who best can fawn---and who can flatter most;

While with a cunning arrogance they blend

Sound without sense---and wit that stabs a friend;

Slanders oblique---that check ambition's toil,

The pois'nous weeds, that mark the barren soil.

So the sweet blossoms of salubrious spring

Thro' the lone wood their spicy odours fling;

Shrink from the sun, and bow their beauteous heads

To scatter incense o'er their mossy beds,

While coarser flow'rs expand with gaudy ray,

Brave the rude wind, and mock the burning day.

 

AH! gentle Muse, from trivial follies turn,

Where Patriot souls with god-like passions burn;

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[page 8]

Again to MERRY dedicate the line,

So shall the envied meed of taste be thine;

So shall thy song to glorious themes aspire,

"Warm'd with a spark" of his transcendent fire.

 

THRO' all the scenes of Nature's varying plan,

Celestial Freedom warms the breast of man;

Led by her daring hand, what pow'r can bind

The boundless efforts of the lab'ring mind.

The god-like fervour, thrilling thro' the heart,

Gives new creation to each vital part;

Throbs rapture thro' each palpitating vein,

Wings the rapt thought, and warms the fertile brain;

To her the noblest attributes of Heav'n,

Ambition, valour, eloquence, are giv'n.

She binds the soldier's brow with wreaths sublime,

From her, expanding reason learns to climb,

To her the sounds of melody belong,

She wakes the raptures of the Poet's song;

'Tis god-like Freedom bids each passion live,

That truth may boast, or patriot virtue give;

From her, the Arts enlighten'd splendours own,

She guides the peasant---She adorns the throne;

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[page 9]

To mild Philanthropy extends her hand,

Gives Truth pre-eminence, and Worth command;

Her eye directs the path that leads to Fame,

Lights Valour's torch, and trims the glorious flame;

She scatters joy o'er Nature's endless scope,

Gives strength to Reason---extacy to Hope;

Tempers each pang Humanity can feel,

And binds presumptuous Power with nerves of steel;

Strangles each tyrant Phantom in its birth,

And knows no title---but SUPERIOR WORTH.

 

ENLIGHTEN'D Gallia! what were all your toys,

Your dazzling splendours,---your voluptuous joys?

What were your glitt'ring villas,---lofty tow'rs,

Your perfum'd chambers, and your painted bow'rs?

Did not insidious Art those gifts bestow,

To cheat the prying eye---with tinsel show?

Yes; luxury diffus'd her spells, to bind

The deep researches of the restless mind?

To lull the active soul with witching wiles,

To hide pale Slavery in a mask of smiles:

The tow'ring wings of reason to restrain,

And lead the victim in a flow'ry chain:

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[page 10]

Cold Superstition favour'd the deceit,

And e'en Religion lent her aid to cheat.--

When warlike Louis,* arrogant and vain,

Whom worth could never hold, or fear restrain,

The soul's last refuge in repentance sought,

An artful MAINTENON absolv'd each fault;

She who had led his worldly steps astray,

Now, "smooth'd his passage to the realms of day!"

O, monstrous hypocrite!---who vainly strove

By pious fraud, to win a people's love;

Whose coffers groan'd with reliques from the proud,

The pompous off'rings of the venal crowd.

The massy hecatombs of dire disgrace,

To purchase titles, or secure a place.---

And yet,---so sacred was the matron's fame,

Nor truth, nor virtue, dar'd assail her name;

None could approach but with obsequious breath,

To smile was TREASON,---and to speak was DEATH.

In meek and humble garb, she veil'd command,

While helpless millions, shrunk beneath her hand.

And when Ambition's idle dream was o'er,

And art could blind, and beauty charm no more;

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[page 11]

She, whose luxurious bosom spurn'd restraint,

Who liv'd the slave of passion,---died a saint!*

 

What were the feelings of the hapless throng,

By threats insulted, and oppress'd with wrong?

While grasping avarice, with skill profound,

Spread her fell snares, and dealt destruction round;

Each rising sun some new infringement saw,

While pride was consequence,---and pow'r was law;

A people's suff'rings hop'd redress in vain,

Subjection curb'd the tongue that dar'd complain.

Imputed guilt each virtuous victim led

Where all the fiends their direst mischiefs spread;

Where, thro' long ages past, with watchful care,

THY TYRANTS, GALLIA, nurs'd the witch DESPAIR.

Where in her black BASTILE the harpy fed

On the warm crimson drops, her fangs had shed;

Where recreant malice mock'd the suff'rer's sigh,

While regal light'nings darted from her eye.---

Where deep mysterious whispers murmur'd round,

And death stalk'd sullen o'er the treach'rous ground.

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[page 12]

O DAY---transcendent on the page of Fame!

When from her Heav'n insulted Freedom came;

Glancing o'er earth's wide space, her beaming eye

Mark'd the dread scene of impious slavery,

Warm'd by her breath, the vanquish'd, trembling race,

Wake from the torpid slumber of disgrace;

Roused by oppression, Man his birth-right claims,

O'er the proud battlements red vengeance flames;

Exulting thunders rend the turbid skies;---

In sulph'rous clouds the gorgeous ruin lies!---

The angel, PITY, now each cave explores,

Braves the chill damps, and fells the pond'rous doors,

Plucks from the flinty walls the clanking chains,

Where many a dreadful tale of woe remains,

Where many a sad memorial marks the hour,

That gave the rights of man to rav'nous pow'r;

Now snatch'd from death, the wond'ring wretch shall prove

The rapt'rous energies of social love;

Whose limbs each faculty denied,---whose sight

Had long resign'd all intercourse with light;

Whose wasted form the humid earth receiv'd,

Who numb'd with anguish,---scarcely felt he liv'd;

Who, when the midnight bell assail'd his ears,

From fev'rish slumbers woke---to drink his tears:

Image

[page 13]

While slow-consuming grief each sense enthrall'd,

'Till Hope expir'd, and Valour shrunk,---appall'd:

Where veil'd suspicion lurk'd in shrewd disguise,

While eager vengeance op'd her thousand eyes;

While the hir'd slave, the fiend of wrath, design'd

To lash, with scorpion scourges, human-kind,---

Dragg'd with ingenious pangs, the tardy hour,

To feed the rancour of insatiate Pow'r.

 

BLEST be the favour'd delegates of Heav'n,

To whose illustrious souls the task was giv'n

To wrench the bolts of tyranny,---and dare

The petrifying confines of despair;

With heav'n's own breeze to chear the gasping breath,

And spread broad sun-shine in the caves of death.

 

WHAT is the charm that bids mankind disdain

The Tyrant's mandate and th' Oppressor's chain;

What bids exulting Liberty impart

Ecstatic raptures to the Human Heart;

Calls forth each hidden spark of glorious fire,

Bids untaught minds to valiant feats aspire;

What gives to Freedom its supreme delight?

'Tis Emulation, Instinct, Nature, Right.

Image

[page 14]

WHEN this revolving Orb's first course began,

Heav'n stamp'd divine pre-eminence on Man;

To him it gave the intellectual mind,

Persuasive Eloquence and Truth refin'd;

Humanity to harmonize his sway,

And calm Religion to direct his way;

Courage to tempt Ambition's lofty flight,

And Conscience to illume his erring sight.

Who shall the nat'ral Rights of Man deride,

When Freedom spreads her fost'ring banners wide?

Who shall contemn the heav'n-taught zeal that throws

The balm of comfort on a Nation's woes?

That tears the veil from superstition's eye,

Bids despots tremble, scourg'd oppression die?

Wrests hidden treasure from the sordid hand,

And flings profusion o'er a famish'd land?---

Nor yet, to GALLIA are her smiles confin'd,

She opes her radiant gates to all mankind;

Sure on the peopled earth there cannot be

A foe to Liberty---that dares be free.

Who that has tasted bliss will e'er deny

The magic power of thrilling extacy?

Who that has breath'd Health's vivifying breeze,

Would tempt the dire contagion of Disease?

Image

[page 15]

Or prodigal of joy, his birth-right give

In shackled slavery---a wretch to live?

 

YET let Ambition hold a temp'rate sway,

When Virtue rules---'tis Rapture to obey;

Man can but reign his transitory hour,

And love may bind---when fear has lost its pow'r.

Proud may he be who nobly acts his part,

Who boasts the empire of each subject's heart,

Whose worth exulting millions shall approve,

Whose richest treasure---IS A NATION'S LOVE.

 

FREEDOM--- blithe Goddess of the rainbow vest, 

In dimpled smiles and radiant beauties drest,

I court thee from thy azure-spangled bed

Where Ether floats about thy winged head;

Where tip-toe pleasure swells the choral song,

While gales of odour waft the Cherub throng;

On every side the laughing loves prepare

Enamel'd wreaths to bind thy flowing hair:

For thee the light-heel'd graces fondly twine,

To clasp thy yielding waist, a zone divine!

Venus for thee her crystal altar rears,

Deck'd with fresh myrtle---gemm'd with lovers' tears;

Image

[page 16]

Apollo strikes his lyre's rebounding strings,

Responsive notes divine Cecilia sings,

The tuneful sisters prompt the heavenly choir,

Thy temple glitters with Promethean fire.

The sacred Priestess in the centre stands,

She strews the sapphire floor with flow'ry bands.

See! From her shrine electric incense rise;

Hark! "Freedom" echoes thro' the vaulted skies.

The Goddess speaks! O mark the blest decree,---

TYRANTS SHALL FALL---TRIUMPHANT MAN BE FREE!

 

FINIS.
 

________________________________

[Robinson's three notes to Ainsi va le Monde]

 

[page 1]

See the Elegy written on the plains of Fontenoy, by Mr. Merry. ["Elegy Written on the Plain of Fontenoy" included in The Poetry of the World, vol. 1, 1788].

[page 10]

Louis XIV.

[page 11]

Madame de Maintenon died a perfect devotee at the Convent of St. Cyr.

_________________________________

Editorial notes for Ainsi va le Monde

A Note on the Text of Ainsi va le Monde: This 1790 edition of the poem is taken from Robinson's second edition, published by John Bell (who had also published Robinson's first volume of poetry). Page numbers in brackets refer to the original pagination of this 1790 edition. In the 1806 Ainsi va le Monde, Robinson's daughter tries to distance her mother from Merry and the Della Cruscan school, omitting Robinson's lengthy prefatory dedication to him , as well as several passages in praise of his works, and adding the disclaimer "Written at the beginning of the French Revolution" at the poem's start. Also, the 1806 edition omits the last stanza on freedom, which Wollstonecraft had excerpted in her review of Ainsi va le Monde for the Analytical Review. According to Robinson's Memoirs, "In 1791 Mrs. Robinson produced her quarto poem, entitled Ainsi va le Monde. This work, containing three hundred and fifty lines, was written in twelve hours, as a reply to Mr. Merry's Laurel of Liberty, which was sent to Mrs. Robinson on a Saturday; on the Tuesday following the answer was composed and given to the public." (See editorial note on Robert Merry below.)

Robert Merry and The Laurel of Liberty: Merry was the leading figure in the "Della Cruscan" school of poetry, a highly sensuous and decorative style controversial in Britain because of its adherents' support for the French Revolution and because of its eroticism. His poem The Laurel of Liberty (1790) was an outspoken celebration of the French Revolution and the immediate inspiration for Robinson's Ainsi va le Monde; Robinson is also responding to his "Elegy Written on the Plain of Fontenoy" (published in The Poetry of the World, vol. 1, 1788). Hannah Cowley, in whose plays Robinson had acted, was another leading member of the Della Cruscan school, and she corresponded publicly with Merry (whose pen name was "Della Crusca") as "Anna Matilda" in the World periodical. It was Merry who introduced Robinson to William Godwin in 1796.

John Bell: Bell also published Robinson's first volume of poems, and in 1794 became a war correspondent with the British Army in Flanders (see Hoagwood and Jackson, Introduction to Sappho and Phaon, 4,11).

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          "Ainsi va le Monde" (1806) by Mary Robinson    
May 1998
A note on the text of Ainsi va le Monde (1806)

 

AINSI VA LE MONDE.
INSCRIBED TO A FRIEND.

Written at the beginning of the French Revolution.

 

O THOU, to whom superior worth's allied,

Thy Country's honour---and the Muses' pride;

Whose pen gives polish to the varying line

That blends instruction with the song divine;

Whose fancy, glancing o'er the hostile plain,

Plants a fond trophy o'er the mighty slain;*

Or to the daisied lawn directs its way,

Blithe as the songstress of returning day;

Who deign'd to rove where twinkling glow-worms lead

The tiny legions o'er the glitt'ring mead;

Whose liquid notes in sweet meand'rings flow,

Mild as the murmurs of the Bird of Woe;

Who gave to Sympathy its softest pow'r,

The charm to wing Affliction's sable hour;

Who in Italia's groves, with thrilling song,

Call'd mute attention from the minstrel throng;

Gave proud distinction to the Poet's name,

And claim'd, by modest worth, the wreath of fame---

Image

[Page 16]

Accept the Verse thy magic harp inspires,

Nor scorn the Muse that kindles at its fires.

 

O, justly gifted with the Sacred Lyre,

Whose sounds can more than mortal thoughts inspire,

Whether its strings HEROIC measures move,

Or lyric numbers charm the soul to love;

Whether thy fancy "pours the varying verse"

In bow'rs of bliss, or o'er the plumed hearse;

Whether of patriot zeal, or past'ral sports,

The peace of hamlets, or the pride of courts:

Still Nature glows in ev'ry classic line---

Still Genius dictates---still the verse is thine.

 

Too long the Muse, in ancient garb array'd,

Has pin'd neglected in oblivion's shade;

Driv'n from the sun-shine of poetic fame,

Stripp'd of each charm, she scarcely boasts a name:

Her voice no more can please the vapid throng;

No more loud Pæans consecrate her song,

Cold, faint, and sullen, to the grove she flies,

A faded garland veils her radiant eyes:

A with'ring laurel on her breast she wears,

Fann'd by her sighs, and spangled with her tears:

From her each fond associate early fled,

She mourn'd a MILTON lost, a SHAKSPERE dead:

Her eye beheld a CHATTERTON oppress'd,

A famish'd OTWAY---ravish'd from her breast;

Image

[Page 17]

Now in their place a flutt'ring form appears,

Mocks her fall'n pow'r, and triumphs in her tears:

A flippant, senseless, aëry thing, whose eye

Glares wanton mirth, and low-soul'd ribaldry.

While motley mumm'ry holds her tinsel reign,

SHAKSPERE might write, and GARRICK act in vain:

True Wit recedes, when blushing Reason views

This spurious offspring of the banish'd Muse.

 

The task be thine to check the daring hand

That leads fantastic folly o'er the land;

The task be thine with witching spells to bind

The feath'ry shadows of the fickle mind;

To strew with deathless flow'rs the dreary waste;

To pluck the weeds of vitiated taste;

To cheer with smiles the Muse's glorious toil,

And plant perfection on her native soil:

The Arts, that thro' dark centuries have pin'd,

Toil'd without fame, in sordid chains confin'd,

Burst into light with renovated fire,

Bid Envy shrink, and Ignorance expire.

No more prim KNELLER'S simp'ring beauties vie,

Or LELY'S genius droops with languid eye:

No more prepost'rous figures pain the view,

Aliens to Nature, yet to Fancy true,

The wild chimeras of capricious thought,

Deform'd in fashion, and with errors fraught:

Image

[Page 18]

The Gothic phantoms sick'ning fade away,

And native Genius rushes into day.

 

REYNOLDS, 'twas thine with magic skill to trace

The perfect semblance of exterior grace;

Thy hand, by Nature guided, marks the line

That stamps perfection on the form divine.

'Tis thine to tint the lip with rosy die,

To paint the softness of the melting eye;

With auburn curls luxuriantly display'd,

The ivory shoulder's polish'd fall to shade;

To deck the well-turn'd arm with matchless grace,

To mark the dimpled smile on Beauty's face:

The task is thine, with cunning hand to throw

The veil transparent on the breast of snow:

The Statesman's thought, the Infant's cherub mien,

The Poet's fire, the Matron's eye serene,

Alike with animated lustre shine

Beneath thy polish'd pencil's touch divine.

As BRITAIN'S Genius glories in thy Art,

Adores thy virtues, and reveres thy heart,

Nations unborn shall celebrate thy name,

And waft thy memory on the wings of Fame.

 

Oft when the mind, with sick'ning pangs oppress'd,

Flies to the Muse, and courts the balm of rest,

When Reason, sated with life's weary woes,

Turns to itself---and finds a blest repose,

Image

[Page 19]

A gen'rous pride that scorns each petty art,

That feels no envy rankling in the heart,

No mean deceit that wings its shaft at Fame,

Or gives to pamper'd Vice a pompous Name;

Then, calm reflection shuns the sordid crowd,

The senseless chaos of the little proud,

Then, indignation, stealing through the breast,

Spurns the pert tribe in flimsy greatness drest;

Who, to their native nothingness consign'd,

Sink in contempt---nor leave a trace behind.

Then Fancy paints, in visionary gloom,

The sainted shadows of the laurel'd tomb,

The Star of Virtue glist'ning on each breast,

Divine insignia of the spirit blest!

Then MILTON smiles serene, a beauteous shade,

In worth august---in lustrous fires array'd:

Immortal SHAKSPERE gleams across the sight,

Rob'd in ethereal vest of radiant light.

Wing'd Ages picture to the dazzled view

Each mark'd perfection---of the sacred few,

POPE, DRYDEN, SPENSER, all that Fame shall raise,

From CHAUCER'S gloom---till these enlighten'd days:

Then emulation kindles fancy's fire,

The glorious throng poetic flights inspire;

Each sensate bosom feels the god-like flame,

The cherish'd harbinger of future fame.

Image

[Page 20]

Yet timid genius, oft in conscious ease,

Steals from the world, content the few to please:

Obscur'd in shades, the modest Muse retires,

While sparkling vapours emulate her fires.

The proud enthusiast shuns promiscuous praise,

The Idiot's smile condemns the Poet's lays.

Perfection wisely courts the lib'ral few,

The voice of kindred genius must be true.

 

But empty witlings sate the public eye

With puny jest and low buffoonery,

The buzzing hornets swarm about the great,

The poor appendages of pamper'd state;

The trifling, flutt'ring insects of a day

Flit near the sun, and glitter in its ray;

Whose subtle fires with charms magnetic burn,

Where every abject fool may have his turn.

Lull'd in the lap of indolence, they boast

Who best can fawn---and who can flatter most;

Who with obsequious smiles mislead the mind,

And prove most mischievous, by seeming kind;

Pour on the Ear soft adulation's sound,

And give to infamy the fame they wound;

While with a cunning arrogance they blend

Sound without sense---and wit that stabs a friend;

Slanders oblique---that check ambition's toil,

The pois'nous weeds, that mark the barren soil.

Image

[Page 21]

So the sweet blossoms of salubrious spring

Thro' the lone wood their spicy odours fling;

Shrink from the sun, and bow their beauteous heads

To scatter incense o'er their native beds,

While coarser flow'rs expand with gaudy ray,

Brave the rude wind, and mock the burning day.

 

Ah! gentle muse, from trivial follies turn,

Where Patriot souls with god-like passions burn;

So shall thy song to glorious themes aspire,

Rapt in the wonders of the Poet's lyre.

 

Thro' all the scenes of Nature's varying plan,

Celestial Freedom warms the breast of man;

Led by her daring hand, what power can bind

The boundless efforts of the lab'ring mind.

The god-like fervour, thrilling thro' the heart,

Gives new creation to each vital part;

Throbs rapture thro' each palpitating vein,

Wings the wild thought, and warms the fertile brain.

To her the noblest attributes of Heav'n,

Ambition, valour, eloquence, are giv'n.

She binds the soldier's brow with wreaths sublime,

From her, expanding reason learns to climb.

To her the sounds of melody belong,

She wakes the raptures of the Poet's song;

'Tis god-like FREEDOM bids each passion live,

That truth may boast, or patriot virtue give.

Image

[Page 22]

From her, the Arts enlighten'd splendours own,

She guides the peasant---She adorns the throne;

To mild Philanthropy extends her hand,

Gives Truth pre-eminence, and Worth command;

Her eye directs the path that leads to Fame,

Lights Valour's torch, and trims the glorious flame;

She scatters joy o'er Nature's endless scope,

Gives strength to Reason---ecstasy to Hope;

Tempers each pang Humanity can feel,

And binds presumptuous Power with nerves of steel;

Strangles each tyrant Phantom in its birth,

And knows no title---but SUPERIOR WORTH.

 

Enlighten'd Gallia! what were all your toys,

Your dazzling splendours---your voluptuous joys?

What were your glitt'ring villas---lofty tow'rs,

Your perfum'd chambers, and your painted bow'rs?

Did not insidious Art those gifts bestow,

To cheat the prying eye---with tinsel show?

Yes; luxury diffus'd her spells to bind

The deep researches of the restless mind;

To lull the active soul with witching wiles,

To hide pale Slavery in a mask of smiles;

The tow'ring wings of reason to restrain,

And lead the victim in a flow'ry chain.

When warlike LOUIS,* arrogant and vain,

Whom worth could never hold, or fear restrain,

Image

[Page 23]

The soul's last refuge in repentance sought,

The artful MAINTENON absolv'd each fault;

She who had led his worldly steps astray

Now, "smooth'd his passage to the realms of day!"

O, monstrous hypocrite!---who vainly strove

By pious fraud to win a people's love;

Whose coffers groan'd with reliques from the proud,

The pompous offsprings of the venal croud,

And yet---so sacred was the matron's fame,

Nor truth, nor virtue, dar'd assail her name;

None could approach but with obsequious breath,

To speak was TREASON---and to murmur DEATH.

In meek and humble garb, she veil'd command,

While helpless millions shrunk beneath her hand.

And when Ambition's idle dream was o'er,

And art could blind, and beauty charm no more;

She, whose luxurious bosom spurn'd restraint,

Who lived the slave of passion---died A SAINT!*

 

What were the feelings of the hapless throng,

By threats insulted, and oppress'd with wrong?

While grasping avarice, with skill profound,

Spread her fell snares, and dealt destruction round;

Each rising sun some new infringement saw,

While pride was consequence---and pow'r was law;

Image

[Page 24]

A people's suff'rings hop'd redress in vain,

Subjection curb'd the tongue that dar'd complain.

Imputed guilt each virtuous victim led

Where all the fiends their direst mischiefs spread;

Where, thro' long ages past, with watchful care,

THY TYRANTS, GALLIA, nurs'd the witch DESPAIR.

Where in her black BASTILE the harpy fed

On the warm crimson drops her fangs had shed;

Where recreant malice mock'd the suff'rer's sigh,

While regal lightnings darted from her eye.---

Where deep mysterious whispers murmur'd round,

And death stalk'd sullen o'er the treach'rous ground.

 

O DAY---transcendent on the page of Fame!

When from her Heav'n insulted Freedom came;

Glancing o'er earth's wide space, her beaming eye

Mark'd the dread scene of impious slavery;

Warm'd by her breath, the vanquish'd, trembling race,

Wake from the torpid slumber of disgrace;

Rous'd by oppression, Man his birth-right claims,

O'er the proud battlements red vengeance flames;

Exulting thunders rend the turbid skies;---

In sulph'rous clouds the gorgeous ruin lies!---

The angel PITY now each cave explores,

Braves the chill damps, and fells the pond'rous doors,

Tears from the flinty walls the clanking chains,

Where many a dreadful tale of woe remains,

Image

[Page 25]

Where many a sad memorial marks the hour,

That gave the rights of man to rav'nous pow'r,

Now, snatch'd from death, the wond'ring wretch shall prove

The rapturous energies of social love;

Whose limbs each faculty denied---whose sight

Had long resign'd all intercourse with light;

Whose wasted form the humid earth receiv'd,

Who, numb'd with anguish---scarcely felt he liv'd;

Who, when the midnight bell assail'd his ears,

From fev'rish slumbers woke---to shed new tears:

While slow-consuming grief each sense enthrall'd,

'Till Hope expir'd, and Valour shrunk---appall'd:

Where veil'd suspicion lurked in shrewd disguise,

While eager vengeance op'd her thousand eyes;

While the hir'd slave, the fiend of wrath, design'd

To lash, with scorpion-scourges, human-kind---

Dragg'd with ingenious pangs the tardy hour,

To feed the rancour of insatiate Pow'r.

 

Blest be the favour'd delegates of Heav'n,

To whose illustrious souls the task was giv'n

To wrench the bolts of tyranny---and dare

The petrifying confines of despair;

With Heav'n's own breeze to cheer the gasping breath,

And spread broad sun-shine in the caves of death.

Image

[Page 26]

 

What is the charm that bids mankind disdain

The Tyrant's mandate, and th' Oppressor's chain;

What bids exulting Liberty impart

Ecstatic raptures to the Human Heart;

Calls forth each hidden spark of glorious fire,

Bids untaught minds to valiant feats aspire;

What gives to Freedom its supreme delight?

'Tis Emulation, Instinct, Nature, RIGHT!

 

When this revolving Orb's first course began,

Heav'n stamp'd divine pre-eminence on man;

To him it gave the intellectual mind,

Persuasive Eloquence and Truth refin'd;

Humanity to harmonize his sway,

And calm Religion to direct his way;

Courage to tempt Ambition's lofty flight,

And conscience to illume his erring sight.

Who shall the natural Rights of Man deride,

When Freedom spreads her fost'ring banners wide?

Who shall contemn the heav'n-taught zeal that throws

The balm of comfort on a Nation's woes?

That tears the veil from superstition's eye,

Bids despots tremble, and oppression die?

Wrests hidden treasure from the sordid hand,

And flings profusion o'er a famish'd land?---

Nor yet, to GALLIA are her smiles confin'd,

She opes her radiant gates to all mankind;

Image

[Page 27]

Sure on the peopled earth there cannot be

A foe to Liberty---that dares be free?

Who that has tasted bliss will e'er deny

The magic power of thrilling ecstasy?

Who that has breath'd Health's vivifying breeze,

Would tempt the dire contagion of Disease?

Or, prodigal of joy, his birth-right give

In shackled slavery---a wretch to live?

 

Yet let Ambition hold a temp'rate sway,

When Virtue rules---'tis Rapture to obey;

Man can but reign his transitory hour,

And love may bind---when fear has lost its pow'r.

Proud may he be who nobly acts his part,

Who boasts the empire of each subject's heart,

Whose worth exulting millions shall approve,

Whose richest treasure---IS A NATION'S LOVE.

 

________________________________

[Robinson's three notes to Ainsi va le Monde]

 

[page 15]

See the Elegy written on the plains of Fontenoy, by Mr. Merry. ["Elegy Written on the Plain of Fontenoy" published in The Poetry of the World, vol. 1, 1788].

[page 22]

Louis XIV.

[page 23]

Madame de Maintenon died a perfect devotee at the Convent of St. Cyr.

_________________________________

Editorial notes for Ainsi va le Monde

A Note on the Text of Ainsi va le Monde: This 1806 edition of the poem is taken from Robinson's posthumous volume, edited by her daughter: The Poetical Works of the Late Mrs. Mary Robinson. 3 Vols. London: Richard Phillips, 1806; London: Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 1996. Facsimile Reprint edition. Vol. 1. pp. 15-27. Page numbers in brackets refer to the original pagination of the 1806 edition. In the 1806 Ainsi va le Monde, Robinson's daughter tries to distance her mother from Merry and the Della Cruscan school, omitting Robinson's lengthy prefatory dedication to him , as well as several passages in praise of his works, and adding the disclaimer "Written at the beginning of the French Revolution" at the poem's start. Also, the 1806 edition omits the last stanza on freedom, which Wollstonecraft had excerpted in her review of Ainsi va le Monde for the Analytical Review. (See editorial note on Robert Merry (FRIEND) below.)

FRIEND: The 1790 edition of Ainsi va le Monde specifically dedicates the poem to Robinson's friend and fellow republican Robert Merry. Merry was the leading figure in the "Della Cruscan" school of poetry, a highly sensuous and decorative style controversial in Britain because of its adherents' support for the French Revolution and because of its eroticism. His poem The Laurel of Liberty (1790) was an outspoken celebration of the French Revolution and the immediate inspiration for Robinson's Ainsi va le Monde; Robinson is also responding to his "Elegy Written on the Plain of Fontenoy" (included in The Poetry of the World, vol. 1, 1788). Hannah Cowley, in whose plays Robinson had acted, was another leading member of the Della Cruscan school, and she corresponded publicly with Merry (whose pen name was "Della Crusca") as "Anna Matilda" in the World periodical. It was Merry who introduced Robinson to William Godwin in 1796. On the Della Cruscans, see McGann, "The Literal World of the Della Cruscans" in The Poetics of Sensibility.

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When the home planet of the Destruction Bringer is revealed, a plan is enacted to launch missiles at it via a wormhole. Fujimiya suspects humanity's aggressive response is exactly what their enemy is after, and convinces Gamu to try and shut down the attack.
          The Indolence of the Filipinos   
English translation by Charles Derbyshire. The article by José Rizal, originally written in Spanish, was published in La Solidaridad in five installments,from July 15 to September 15, 1890.

PART ONE: Doctor Sanciano, in his Progreso de Filipinas, has taken up this question, agitated, as he calls it, and relying upon facts and reports furnished by the very same Spanish authorities that ruled the Philippines has demonstrated that such indolence does not exist, and that all said about it does not deserve a reply or even passing choice.

Nevertheless as discussion of it has been continued, not only by government employees who make it responsible for their own shortcomings, not only by the friars who regard it as necessary in order that they may continue to represent themselves as indispensable, but also by serious and disinterested persons: and as evidence of greater or less weight may be adduced in opposition to that which Dr. Sanciano cites, it seems expedient to us to study this question thoroughly, without superciliousness or sensitiveness, without prejudice, without pessimism. As as we can only serve our country by telling the truth, however, bitter it be, just as flagrant and skillful negation cannot refute a real and positive fact, in spite of the brilliance of the arguments; as mere affirmation is not sufficient to create something possible, let us calmly examine the facts, using on our part all the impartiality of which a man is capable who is convinced that there is no redemption except upon solid bases of virtue.

The word indolence has been greatly misused in the sense of little love for work and lack of energy, while ridicule has concealed the misuse. This much-discussed question has met with the same fate as certain panaceas and specifics of the quacks who by ascribing to them impossible virtues have discredited them. In the Middle Ages, and even in some Catholic countries now, the devil is blamed for everything that superstitious folk cannot understand or the perversity of mankind is loath to confess. In the Philippines one's and another's faults, the shortcomings of one, the misdeeds of another, are attributed to indolence. And just as in the Middle Ages he who sought the explanation of phenomena outside of infernal influences was persecuted, so in the Philippines worse happens to him who seeks the origin of the trouble outside of accepted beliefs.

The consequence of this misuse is that there are some who are interested in stating it as a dogma and others in combating it as a ridiculous superstition, if not a punishable delusion. Yet it is not to be inferred from the misuse of a thing that it does not exist.

We think that there must be something behind all this outcry, for it is incredible that so many should err, among whom we have said there are a lot of serious and disinterested persons. Some act in bad faith, though levity, through levity, through want of sound judgment, through limitation in reasoning power, ignorance of the past, or other cause. Some repeat what they have heard, without examination or reflection; others speak through pessimism or are impelled by that human characteristic which paints as perfect everything that belongs to oneself and defective whatever belongs to another. But it cannot be denied that there are some who worship truth, or if not truth itself at least the semblance thereof which is truth in the mind of the crowd.

Examining well, then, all scenes and all the men that we have known from childhood; and the life of our country, we believe that indolence does exist there. The Filipinos, who can measure up with the most active peoples in the world, will doubtless not repudiate his admission, for it is true there one works and struggles against the climate, against nature and against men. But we must not take the exception for the general rule, and should rather seek the good of our country by stating what we believe to be true. We must confess that indolence does actually and positively exist there, only that, instead of holding it to be the cause of the backwardness and the trouble, we regard it as the effect of the trouble and the backwardness, by fostering the development of a lamentable predisposition.

Those who have as yet treated of indolence, with the exception of Dr. Sancianco, have been content to deny or affirm it. We know of no one who has studied its causes. Nevertheless, those who admit its existence and exaggerate it more or less have not therefore failed to advise remedies taken from here and there, from Java, from India, from other English or Dutch colonies, like the quack who saw a fever cured with a dozen sardines and afterwards always prescribed these fish at every rise in temperature that he discovered in his patient.

We shall proceed otherwise. Before proposing a remedy we shall examine the causes, and even though strictly speaking a predisposition is not a cause, let us, however, study at its true value this predisposition due to nature.

The predisposition exists? Why shouldn't it?

A hot climate requires of the individual quiet and rest, just as cold incites to labor and action. For this reason the Spaniard is more indolent than the Frenchman; the Frenchman more so than the German. The Europeans themselves who reproach the residents of the colonies so much (and I am not now speaking of the Spaniards but of the Germans and English themselves), how do they live in tropical countries? Surrounded by a numerous train of servants, never-going afoot but riding in a carriage, needing servants not only to take off their shoes for them but even to them! And yet they live and eat better, they work for themselves to get rich, with the hope of a future, free and respected, while the poor colonist, the indolent colonist, is badly nourished, has no hope, toils for others, and works under force and compulsion! Perhaps the reply to this will be that white men are not made to stand the severity of the climate. A mistake! A man can live in any climate, if he will only adapt himself to its requirements and conditions. What kills the European in hot countries is the abuse of liquors, the attempt to live according to the nature of his own country under another sky and another sun. We inhabitants of hot countries live will in northern Europe whenever we take the precautions of the people there do. Europeans can also stand the torrid zone, if only they would get rid of their prejudices.

The fact is that in tropical countries violent work is not a good thing as it is in cold countries, there it is death, destruction, annihilation. Nature knows this and like a just mother has therefore made the earth more fertile, more productive, as a compensation. An hour's work under that burning sun, in the midst of pernicious influences springing from nature in activity, is equal to a day's work in a temperate climate; it is, then, just that the earth yields a hundred fold! Moreover, do we not see the active European, who feels the fresh blood of spring boil in his veins, do we not see him abandon his labors, during the few days of his variable summer, close his office -- where the work is not violent and amounts for many to talking and gesticulating in the shade beside a lunch stand -- flee to watering places, sit in the cafes or stroll about. What wonder then that the inhabitant of tropical countries, worn out and with his blood thinned by the continuous and excessive heat is reduced to inaction? Who is the indolent one in the Manila offices? Is it the poor clerk who comes in at eight in the morning and leaves at one in the afternoon with only his parasol, who copies and writes and works for himself and for his chief, or is it the chief, who comes in a carriage at ten o'clock, leaves before twelve, reads his newspaper while smoking and with his feet cocked up on a chair or a table, or gossiping about all his friends? What is indolent, the native coadjutor, poorly paid and badly treated, who has to visit all the indigent sick living in the country, or the friar curate who gets fabulously rich, goes about in a carriage, eats and drinks well, and does not put himself to any trouble without collecting an excessive fee?

Without speaking further of the Europeans in what violent labor does the Chinaman engage in tropical countries, the industrious Chinaman, who flees from his own country driven by hunger and whose whole ambition is to amass a small fortune? With the exception of some porters, an occupation that the natives also follow, he nearly always engages in the trade, in commerce; so rarely does he take up agriculture that we do not know of a single case. The Chinaman who in other colonies cultivates the soil does so only for a certain number of years and then retires.

We find, then, the tendency to indolence very natural, and have to admit and bless it, for we cannot alter natural laws, and without it the race would have disappeared. l Man is not a brute, he is not a machine, his object is not merely to produce, in spite of the pretensions of some Christian whites who would make of the colored Christian a kind of motive power somewhat more intelligent and less costly than steam. Man's object is not to satisfy the passions of another man, his object is to seek happiness for himself and his kind by traveling along the road of progress and perfection.

The evil is not that indolence exists more or less latently but that it is fostered and magnified. Among men, as well as among nations, there exist no only, aptitudes but also tendencies good and evil. To foster the good ones and aid them, as well as correct the evil and repress them, would be the duty of society and government, if less noble thoughts did not occupy their attention. The evil is that the indolence in the Philippines is a magnified indolence, an indolence of the snowball type, if we may be permitted the expression, an evil that increases in direct proportion to the periods of time, and effect of misgovernment and of backwardness, as we have said, and not a cause thereof. Others will hold the contrary opinion, especially those who have a hand in the misgovernment, but we do not care; we have made an assertion and are going to prove it.



PART TWO: When in consequence of a long chronic illness the condition of the patient is examined, the question may arise whether the weakening of the fibers and the debility of the organs are the cause of the malady's continuing or the effect of the bad treatment that prolongs its action. The attending physician attributes the entire failure of his skill to the poor constitution of the patient, to the climate, to the surroundings, and so on. On the other hand, the patient attributes the aggravation of the evil to the system of treatment followed. Only the common crowd, the inquisitive populace, shakes its head and cannot reach a decision.

Something like this happens in the case of the Philippines. Instead of a physician, read government, that is friars, employees, etc. Instead of patient, Philippines; instead of malady, indolence.

And just as happens in similar cases when the patient gets worse, everybody loses his head, each one dodges the responsibility to place it upon somebody else, and instead of seeking the causes in order to combat the evil in them, devotes himself at best to attacking the symptoms; here a blood-letting, a tax; there a plaster, forced labor, further on a sedative, a trifling reform. Every new arrival proposes a new remedy; one, seasons of prayer, the relics of a saint, the viaticum, the friars; another shower-bath; still another, with pretensions to modern ideas, a transfusion of blood. "It's nothing, only the patient has eight million indolent red corpuscles; some few white corpuscles in the form of an agricultural colony will get us out of the trouble."

So, on all sides there are groans, gnawing of lips, clenching of fists, many hollow words, great ignorance, a deal of talk, a lot of fear. The patient is near his finish!

Yes, transfusion of blood, transfusion of blood! New life, new vitality! Yes, new white corpuscles that you are going to inject into its veins, the new white corpuscles that were a cancer in another organism will withstand all the depravity of the system, will have more stamina than all the degeneration, all the trouble in the principal organs. Be thankful if they do not become coagulations and produce gangrene, be thankful if they do not reproduce the cancer!

While the patient breathes, we must not lose hope, and however late we may be, a judicious examination is never superfluous; at least the cause of death may be known. We are not trying to put all the blame on the physician, and still less on the patient, for we have already spoken of a predisposition, in the absence of which the race would disappear, sacrificed to excessive labor in a tropical country.

Indolence in the Philippines is a chronic malady, but not a heredity one. The Filipinos have not always been what they are, witnesses whereto are all the historians of the first years after the discovery of the Islands.

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Malayan Filipinos carried on an active trade, no only among themselves but also with all the neighboring countries. A Chinese manuscript of the 13th century, translated by Dr. Hirth (Globus, September, 1889), which we will take up at another time, speaks of China's relations with the islands, relations purely commercial, which mention is made of the activity and honesty of the traders of Luzon, who took the Chinese products and distributed them throughout all the islands, for the merchandise that the Chinaman did not remember to have given them. The products which they in exchange exported from the islands were crude wax, cotton, pearls, tortoise shell, betel-nuts, dry goods, etc.

The first thing noticed by Pigafetta who came with Magellan in 1521, on arriving at the first island of the Philippines, Samar, was the courtesy and kindness of the inhabitants and their commerce. "To honor our captain," he says, "they conducted him to their boats where they had their merchandise, which consisted of cloves, cinnamon, pepper, nutmegs, mace, gold and other things; and they made us understand by gestures that such articles were to be found in the islands to which we were going."

Further on he speaks of the vessels and utensils of solid gold that he found in Butuan where the people worked in mines. He describes the silk dresses, the daggers with long gold hilts and scabbards of carved wood, the gold sets of teeth, etc. Among cereals and fruits he mentions rice, millet, oranges, lemons, panicum, etc.

That the islands maintained relations with neighboring countries and even with distant ones is proven by the ships from Siam, laden with gold and slaves, that Magellan found in Cebu. These ships paid certain duties to the king of the island. In the same year, 1521, the survivors of Magellan's expedition met the son of the Rajah of Luzon, who, as captain-general of the Sultan of Borneo and admiral of his fleet, had conquered for him the great city of Lave (Sarawak ?). Might this captain, who was greatly feared by all his foes, have been the Rajah Matanda whom the Spaniards afterwards encountered in Tondo in 1570?

In 1539 the warriors of Luzon took part in the formidable contests of Sumatra, and under the orders of Angi Sity Timor, Rajah of Batta, conquered and overthrew the terrible Alzadin, Sultan of Atchin, renowned in the historical annals of the Far East. (Marseen, History of Sumatra, chapter 20)

At that time, that sea where float the islands like a set of emeralds on a paten of bright glass, that sea was everywhere traversed by junks, paraus, barangays, vintas, vessels swift as shuttles so large that they could maintain a hundred rowers on a side (Morga); that sea bore everywhere commerce, industry, agriculture, by the force of the oars moved to the sound of warlike songs of the genealogies and achievements of the Philippine divinities. (Colin, Chapter 15)

Wealth abounded in the islands. Pigafetta tells us of the abundance of foodstuffs in Pragua and of its inhabitants, who nearly all tilled their own fields. At this island the survivors of Magellan's expedition were well received and provisioned. A little later, these same survivors captured a vessel, plundered and sacked it and took prisoner in it the chief of the Island of Paragua with his son and brother.

In this same vessel they captured bronze lombards, and this is the first mention of artillery of the Filipino, for these lombards were useful to the chief of Paragua against the savages of the interior.

They let him ransom himself within seven days, demanding 400 measures (cavanes ?) of rice, 20 pigs, 20 goats, and 450 chickens. This is the first act of piracy recorded in Philippine history. The chief of Paragua paid everything, and moreover, voluntarily added coconuts, bananas, and sugar-cane jars filled with palm wine. When Caesar was taken prisoner by the corsairs and required to pay twenty-five talents ransom, he replied, "I'll give you fifty, but later I'll have you crucified!" The chief of Paragua was more generous: he forgot. His conduct, while it may reveal weakness, also demonstrates that the islands ere abundantly provisioned. This chief was named Tuan Mahamud; his brother, Guantil, and his son, Tuan Mahamud. (Martin Mendez, Purser of the ship Victoria: Archivo de Indias.)

A very extraordinary thing, and one that shows the facility with which the natives learned Spanish, is that fifty years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Luzon, in that very year 1521, when they first came to the islands, there were already natives of Luzon who understood Castilian. In the treaties of peace that the survivors of Magellan's expedition made with the chief of Paragua, when the servant-interpreter died they communicated with one another through a Moro who had been captured in the island of the King of Luzon and who understood some Spanish (Martin Mendez; op cit.) Where did this extemporaneous interpreter learn Castilian? In the Moluccas? In Malacca, with the Portuguese? Spaniards did not reach Luzon until 1571.

Legazpi's expedition met in Butuan various traders of Luzon with their boats laden with iron, cloths, porcelain, etc. (Gaspar de San Agustin) plenty of provisions, activity, trade, movement in all the southern islands.

They arrived at the Island of Cebu, "abounding in provisions, with mines and washings of gold, and peopled with natives, "as Morga says: "very populous, and at a port frequented by many ships that came from the islands and kingdoms near India," as Colin says: and even though they were peacefully received discord soon arose. The city was taken by force and burned. The first destroyed the food supplies and naturally famine broke out in that town of a hundred thousand people, as the historians say, and among the members of the expedition, but the neighboring islands quickly relieved the need, thanks to the abundance they enjoyed.

All the histories of those first years, in short, abound in long accounts about the industry and agriculture of the natives; mines, gold-washings, looms, farms, barter, naval construction, raising of poultry and stock, weaving of silk and cotton, distilleries, manufactures of arms, pearl fisheries, the civet industry, the horn and hide industry, etc., are things encountered at every step, and considering the time and the conditions in the islands, prove that there was life, there was activity, there was movement.

And if this, which is deduction, does not convince any minds imbued with unfair prejudices perhaps, of some avail may be the testimony of the oft-quoted Dr. Morga, who was Lieutenant-Governor of Manila for seven years and after rendering great service in the Archipelago was appointed criminal judge of the Audiencia of Mexico and Counselor of the Inquisition. His testimony, we say, is highly credible, not only because all his contemporaries have spoken of him in terms that border on veneration but also because his work, from which we take these citations, is written with great circumspection and care, as well with reference to the authorities in the Philippines as to the errors they committed. "The natives," says Morga, in Chapter Seven, speaking of the occupations of the Chinese, "are very far from exercising those trade and have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton, and weaving cloth. As they used to do in their Paganism and for a long time after the country was conquered."

The whole Chapter 8 of his work deals with this moribund activity, this much forgotten industry, and yet in spite of that, how long is his eighth chapter!

And not only Morga, not also Chirinco, Colin, Argensola, Gaspar de San Agustin and others agree to this matter, but modern travelers, after two hundred and fifty years, examining the decadence and misery, assert the same thing. Dr. Hans Meyer, when he saw the tribes not subdued cultivating beautiful fields and working energetically, asked if they would not become indolent when they in turn should accept Christianity and a paternal government.

Accordingly, the Filipinos in spite of the climate, in spite of their few needs (they were less then than now), were not the indolent creatures of our time, and, as we shall see later on, their ethics and their mode of life were not what is not complacently attributed to them.

How then, and in what way, was that active and enterprising infidel native of ancient times converted into the lazy and indolent Christian, as our contemporary writers say?

We have already spoken of the more or less latent predisposition which exists in the Philippines toward indolence, and which must exist everywhere, in the whole world, in all men, because we all hate work more or less, as it may be more or less hard, more ore less unproductive. The dolce far niente of the Italian, the rascarse la barriga of the Spaniard, the supreme aspiration of the bourgeois to live on his income in peace and tranquility, attest this.

What causes operated to awake this terrible predisposition from its lethargy? How is it that the Filipino people, so fond of its customs as to border on routine, has given up its ancient habits of work, of trade, of navigation, etc., even to the extent of completely forgetting its past?



PART THREE: A fatal combination of circumstances, some independent of the will in spite of men's efforts, others in offspring of stupidity and ignorance, others the inevitable corollaries of false principles, and still others the result of more or less base passions, has induced the decline of labor, an evil which instead of being remedies by prudence, mature reflection and recognition of the mistakes made, through a deplorable policy, through regrettable blindness and obstinacy, has gone from bad to worse until it has reached the condition in which we now see it.

First came the wars, the internal disorders which the new change of affairs naturally brought with it. It was necessary to subject the people either by cajolery or force; there were fights, there was slaughter; those who had submitted peacefully seemed to repent of it; insurrections were suspected, and some occurred; naturally there were executions, and many capable laborers perished. Add to this condition of disorder the invasion of Li-Mahong; add continual wars into which the inhabitants of the Philippines were pledged to maintain the honor of Spain, to extend the sway of her flag in Borneo, in the Moluccas and in Indo-China; to repel the Dutch foe; costly wars, fruitless expeditions, in which each time thousands and thousands of native archers and rowers were recorded to have embarked, but whether they returned to their homes was never stated. Like the tribute that once upon a time Greece sent to the Minotaur of Crete, the Philippine youth embarked for the expedition, saying goodbye to their country forever; on their horizon were the stormy sea, the interminable wars, the rash expeditions. Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad . . . When the Spaniards reached this island (Panay) it is said that there were on it more than fifty thousand families; but these diminished greatly . . . and at present they may amount to some fourteen thousand tributaries." From fifty thousand families to fourteen thousand tributaries in little over half a century!

We would never get through, had we to quote all the evidence of the authors regarding the frightful diminution of the inhabitants of the Philippines in the first years after the discovery. In the time of their first bishop, that is, ten years after Legazpi. Philip II said that they had been reduced to less than two-thirds.

Add to these fatal expeditions that wasted all the moral and material energies of the country, the frightful inroads of the terrible pirates from the south, instigated and encouraged by the government, first in order to get a complaint and afterwards disarm the islands subjected to it, inroads that reached the very shores of Manila, even Malate itself, and during which were sen to set out for captivity and slavery, in the baleful glow of burning villages, strings of wretches who had been unable to defend themselves, leaving behind them the ashes of their homes and the corpses of their parents and children. Morga, who recounts the first piratical invasion, says: "The boldness of these people of Mindanao did great damage to the Visayan Island, as much by what they did in them as by the fear and fright which the native acquired, because the latter were in the power of the Spaniards who held them subject and tributary and unarmed, in such manner that they did not protect them from their enemies or leave the means with which to defend themselves, AS THEY DID WHEN THERE WERE NO SPANIARDS IN THE COUNTRY." These piratical attacks continually reduce the number of the inhabitants of the Philippines, since the independent Malays were especially notorious for their atrocities and murders, sometimes because they believed that to preserve their independence it was necessary to weaken the Spaniard by reducing the number of his subjects, sometimes because a greater hatred and a deeper resentment inspired them against the Christian Filipino who, being of their own race, served the stranger in order to deprive them of their precious liberty. These expeditions lasted about three centuries, being repeated five and ten times a year, and each expedition cost the island over eight hundred prisoners.

"With the invasions of the pirates from Sulu and Mindanao," says Padre Gaspar de San Agustin, (the island of Bantayan, near Cebu) "has greatly reduced, because they easily captured the people there, since the latter had no place to fortify themselves and were far from help from Cebu. The hostile Sulus did great damage in this island in 1608, leaving it almost depopulated." (Page 380)

These rough attacks, coming from without, produced a counter effect in the interior, which, carried out medical comparisons was like a purge or diet in an individual who has just lost a great deal of blood. In order to make headway against so many calamities, to secure their sovereignty and take the offensive in these disastrous contests, to isolate the warlike Sulus from their neighbors in the south, to care for the needs of the empire of the Indies (for one of the reasons why the Philippines were kept, as contemporary documents prove, ws their strategic position between New Spain and the Indies), to wrest from the Dutch their growing colonies of the Molluccas and get red of some troublesome neighbors, to maintain, in short, the trade of China and New Spain, it was necessary to construct new and large ships which, as we have seen, costly as they were to the country for their equipment and the rowers they required, were not less so because of the manner in which they were constructed. Padre Fernando de lost Rios Coronel, who fought in these wards and later turned priest, speaking of these King's ships, said, "As they were so large, the timber needed was scarcely to be found in the forests (of the Philippines?), and thus it was necessary to seek it with great difficulty in the most remote of them, where, once found, in order to haul and convey it to the shipyard the towns of the surrounding country had to be depopulated of natives, who get it out with immense labor, damage, and cost to them. The natives furnished the masts for a galleon, according to the assertion of the Franciscans, and I heard the governor of the province where they were cut, which is Laguna de Bay, say that to haul them seven leagues over very broken mountains 6,000 natives were engaged three months, without furnishing them food, which the wretched native had to seek for himself!"

And Gaspar de San Agustin says: "In these times (1690), Bacolor has not the people that it had in the past because of the uprising in that province when Don Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was Governor of these islands and because of the continual labor of cutting timber for his Majesty's shipyards, which hinders them from cultivating the very fertile plain they have.

If this is not sufficient to explain the depopulation of the islands and the abandonment of industry, agriculture and commerce, then add "the natives who were executed, those who left their wives and children and fled in disgust to the mountains, those who were sold into slavery to pay the taxes levied upon them," as Fernando de los Rios Coronel says; add to all this what Philip II said in reprimanding Bishop Salazar about "natives sold to some encomenderos to others, those flogged to death, the women who are crushed to death by their heavy burdens, those who sleep in the fields and bear and nurse their children and die bitten by poisonous vermin, the many who are executed and left to die of hunger and those who eat poisonous herbs . . . and the mothers who kill their children in bearing them," and you will understand how in less than thirty years the population of the Philippines was reduced one-third. We are not saying this: it was said by Gaspar de San Agustin, the preeminently anti-Filipino Augustinian, and he confirms it throughout the rest of his work by speaking every moment of the state of neglect in which lay the farms and field once so flourishing and so well cultivated, the town thinned that had formerly been inhabited by many leading families!

How is it strange, then, that discouragement may have been infused into the spirit of the inhabitants of the Philippines, when in the midst of so many calamities they did not know whether they would see sprout the seed they were planting, whether their field was going to be their grave or their crop would go to feed their executioner? What is there strange in it, when we see the pious but impotent friars of that time trying to free their poor parishioners from the tyranny of the encomenderos by advising them to stop work in the mines, to abandon their commerce, to break up their looms, pointing out to them heaven for their whole hope, preparing them for death as their only consolation?

Man works for an object. Remove the object and you reduce him to inaction. The most active man in the world will fold his arms from the instant he understands that it is madness to bestir himself, that this work will be the cause of his trouble, that for him it will be the cause of vexations at home and of the pirate's greed abroad. It seems that these thoughts have never entered the minds of those who cry out against the indolence of the Filipinos.

Even were the Filipino not a man like the rest, even were we to suppose that zeal in him for work was as essential as the movement of a wheel caught in the gearing of others in motion; even were we to deny him foresight and the judgment that the past and present form, there would still be left us another reason to explain the attack of the evil. The abandonment of the fields by their cultivators, whom the wars and piratical attacks dragged from their homes was sufficient to reduce to nothing the hard labor of so many generations. In the Philippines abandon for a year the land most beautifully tended and you will see how you will have to begin all over again: the rain will wipe out the furrows, the floods will drown the seeds, pants and bushes will grow up everywhere, and on seeing so much useless labor the hand will drop the hoe, the laborer will desert his plow. Isn't there left the fine life of the pirate?

Thus is understood that sad discouragement which we find in the friar writers of the 17th century, speaking of once very fertile plains submerged, of provinces and towns depopulate, of leading families exterminated. These pages resemble a sad and monotonous scene in the night after a lively day. Of Cagayan, Padre Agustin speaks with mournful brevity: "A great deal of cotton, of which they made good cloth that the Chinese and Japanese every year bought and carried away." In the historian's time, the industry and the trade had come to an end.

It seems that there are causes more than sufficient to breed indolence in the midst of a beehive. Thus is explained why, after thirty-two years of the system, the circumspect and prudent Morga said that the natives have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton and weaving cloth, as they used to do in their paganism and for a long time after the country had been conquered!"

Still they struggled a long time against indolence, yes: but their enemies were so numerous that at last they gave up!

PART FOUR: We recognize the causes that awoke the predisposition and provoked the evil: now let us see what foster and sustain it. In this connection government and governed have to bow our heads and say: "We deserve our fate."

We have already truly said that when a house becomes disturbed and disordered, we should not accuse the youngest child or the servants, but the head of it, especially if his authority is unlimited. He who does not act freely is not responsible for his actions; and the Filipino people, not being master of its liberty, is not responsible for either its misfortunes or its woes. We say this, it is true, but, as well as seen later on, we also have a large part in the continuation of such a disorder.

The following other causes contributed to foster the evil and aggravate it; the constantly lessening encouragement that labor has met with in the Philippines. Fearing to have the Filipinos deal frequently with other individuals of their own race, who were free and independent, as the Borneans, the Siamese, the Cambodians, and the Japanese, people who in their customs and feeling differ greatly from the Chinese, the government acted toward these others with great mistrust and great severity, as Morga testifies in the last pages of his work, until they finally ceased to come to the country. In fact, it seems that once an uprising planned by he Borneans was suspected: we say; suspected, for there was not even an attempt, although there were many executions. And as thse nations wee the very ones that consumed Philippine products, when all communication with them had been cut off, consumption of these products also ceased. The only two countries with which the Philippines continued to have relations were China and Mexico, or New Spain, and from this trade only China and a few private individuals in Manila got any benefit. In fact, the Celestial Empire sent her junks laden with merchandise, that merchandise which shut down the factories of Seville and ruined the Spanish industry, and returned laden in exchange with the silver that was every year sent from Mexico. Nothing from the Philippines at that time went to China, not even gold, for in those years the Chinese trades would accept no payment but silver coin. To Mexico went a little more: some cloth and dry goods which the encomenderos took by force or bought from the natives at a paltry; price, wax, amber, gold, civet, etc; but nothing more, and not even in great quantity, as is stated by Admiral Don Jeronimo de Benelos y Carrilo, when he begged the King that "the inhabitants of the Manilas be permitted (1) to load as many ships as they could with native products, such as wax, gold, perfumes, ivory, cotton cloths, which they would have to buy from the natives of the country. . . Thus friendship of these peoples would be gained, they would furnish New Spain with their merchandise and the money that is brought to Manila would not leave this place."

The coastwise trade, so active in other times, had to die out, thanks to the piratical attacks of the Malays of the south; and trade in the interior of the islands almost entirely disappeared, owing to restrictions, passports and other administrative requirements.

Of no little importance were the hindrance and obstacles that from the beginning were thrown in the farmer's way by the rules, who were influenced by childish fear and saw everywhere signs of conspiracies and uprisings. The natives were not allowed to go to their labors, that is, their farms, without permission of the governor, or of his agents and officers, and even of the priests as Morga says. Those who know the administrative slackness and confusion in a country where the officials work scarcely two hours a day; those who know the cost of going to and returning form the capital to the little tyrants will well understand how with this crude arrangement it is possible to have the most absurd agriculture. True it is that for sometime this absurdity which would be ludicrous had it not been so serious, had disappeared; but even if the words have gone out of use other facts and other provisions have replaced them. The Moro pirate has disappeared but there remains the outlaw who infests the fields and waylays the farmer to hold him for ransom. Now then, the government, which has a constant fear of the people, denies to the farmers even the use of a shotgun, or if it does allow it does so very grudgingly and withdraws it at pleasure; whence it results with the laborer, who, thanks to his means of defense, plants his crops and invests his meager fortune in the furrows that he has so laboriously opened, that when his crop matures it occurs to the government, which is impotent to suppress brigandage, to deprive him of his weapon; and then, without defense and without security, he is reduced to inaction and abandons his field, his work, and takes to gambling as the best means of securing a livelihood. The green cloth is under the protection of the government, it is safer! A mournful counselor is fear, for it not only causes weakness but also in casting aside the weapons, strengthens the very persecutor!

The sordid return the native gets from his work has the effect of discouraging him. We know from history that the encomenderos, after reducing many to slavery and forcing them to work for their benefit, made others give up their merchandise for a trife or nothing at all, or cheated them with the measures.

Speaking of Ipion, in Panay, Padre Gaspar de San Agustin says: "It was in ancient times very rich in gold . . . but provoked by he annoyances they suffered from some governors they have ceased to get it out, preferring to live in poverty than to suffer such hardships." (page 378) Further on, speaking of other towns, he says: "Boaded by ill treatment of the encomenderos who in administering justice have treated the natives as thier slaves and not as their children, and have only looked after their own interests at the expense of the wretched fortunes and lives of their charges. . . (Page 422) Further on, "In Leyte, they tried to kill an encomendero of the town of Dagami on account of the great hardships he made them suffer by exacting tribute of wax from them with a steelyard which he had made twice as long as others. . ."

This state of affairs lasted a long time and still lasts, in spite of the fact that the breed of encomenderos has become extinct. A term passes away but the evil and the passions engendered do not pass away so long as reforms are devoted solely to changing the names.

The wars with the Dutch, the inroads and piratical attacks of the people of Sulu land Mindanao disappeared; the people have been transformed; new towns have grown up while others have become impoverished; but the frauds subsisted as much as or worse than they did in those early years. We will not cite our own experiences for aside from the fact that we do not know which to select, critical persons may reproach us with partiality; neither will we cite those of other Filipinos who write in the newspapers, but we shall confine ourselves to translating the words of a modern French traveler who as in the Philippines for a long time.

"The good curate," he says with reference to the rosy picture a friar had given him of the Philippines, "had not told me about the governor, the foremost official of the district, who was too much taken up with the ideal of getting rich to have time to tyrannize over his docile subjects; the governor, charged with ruling the country and collecting the various taxes in the government's name, devoted himself almost wholly to trade; in his hands the high and noble functions he performs are nothing more than instruments of gain. He monopolizes all the business and instead of developing on his part the love of work, instead of stimulating the too natural indolence of the natives, he with abuse of his powers thinks only of destroying all competition that may trouble him or attempts to participate in his profits. It maters little to him that the country is impoverished, without cultivation, without commerce, without industry, just so the governor is quickly enriched."

Yet the traveler has been unfair in picking out the governor especially. Why only the governor?

We do not cite passages from other authors, because we have not their works at hand and do not wish to quote from memory.

The great difficulty that every enterprise encountered with the administration contributed not a little to kill off all commercial and industrial movement. All the Filipinos, as well as all those who have tried to engage in business in the Philippines, know how many documents, what comings, how many stamped papers, how much patience is needed to secure from the government a permit for an enterprise. One must count upon the good will of this one, on the influence of that one, on a good bribe to another in order that the application be not pigeon-holed, a present to the one further on so that it may pass it on to his chief; one must pray to God to give him good humor and time to see and examine it; to another, talent to recognize its expediency; to one further on sufficient stupidity not to scent behind the enterprise an insurrectionary purpose land that they may not all spend the time taking baths, hunting or playing cards with the reverend friars in their convents or country houses. And above all, great patience, great knowledge of how to get along, plenty of money, a great deal of politics, many salutations, great influence, plenty of presents and complete resignation! How is it strange that the Philippines remain poor in spite of the fertile soil, when history tells us that the countries now the most flourishing date their development from the day of their liberty and civil rights? The most commercial and most industrious countries have been the freest countries. France, England and the United States prove this. Hong Kong, which is not worth the most insignificant of the Philippines, has more commercial movement than all the islands together, because it is free and is well governed.

The trade with China, which was the whole occupation of the colonizers of the Philippines, was not only prejudicial to Spain but also the life of her colonies; in fact, when the officials and private persons in Manila found an easy method of getting rich they neglected everything. They paid no attention either to cultivating the soil or to fostering industry; and wherefore? China furnished the trade, and they had only to take advantage of it and pick up the gold that dropped out on its way from Mexico toward the interior of China, the gulf whence it never returned. The pernicious example of the dominators in surrounding themselves with servants and despising manual or corporal labor as a thing unbecoming the nobility and chivalrous pride of the heroes of so many centuries; those lordly airs, which the natives have translated into tila ka castila, and the desire of the dominated to be the equal of the dominators, if not essentially, at least in their manners; all this had naturally to produce aversion to activity and fear or hatred of work.

Moreover, "Why work?" asked the natives. The curate says that the rich man will not go to heaven. The rich man on earth is liable to all kinds of trouble, to be appointed a cabeza de barangay, to be deported if an uprising occurs, to be forced banker of the military chief of the town, who to reward him for favors received seizes his laborers and his stock in order to force him to beg money and thus easily pays up. Why be rich? So that all the officers of justice may have a lynx eye on your actions, so that at the least slip enemies may be raised up against you, you may be indicted, a whole complicated and labyrinthine story may be concocted against you, for which you can only get away, not by the tread of Ariadme but by Dane's shower of gold, and still give thanks that you are not kept in reserve for some needy occasion. The native, whom they pretend to regard as an imbecile, is not so much so that he does not understand that it is ridiculous to work himself to death to become worse off. A proverb of his says the pig is cooked in its own lard, and as among his bad qualities he has the good one of applying to himself all the criticisms and censures he refers to live miserable and indolent rather than play the part of the wretched beast of burden.

Add to this the introduction of gambling. We do not mean to say that before the coming of the Spaniards the natives did not gamble: the passion for gambling is innate in adventuresome and excitable races, and such is the Malay, Pigafetta tells us of cockfights and of bets in the Island of Paragua. Cock-fighting must also have existed in Luzon and in all the islands, for in the terminology of the game are two Tagalog words: sabong and tari (cockpit and gaff). But there is not the least doubt that the fostering of this game is due to the government, as well as the perfecting of it. Although Pigafetta tells us of it, he mentions it only in Paragua, and ot in Cebu nor in any other island of the south, where he stayed a long time. Morga does not speak of it, in spite of his having spent seven years in Manila, and yet he does describe the kinds of fowl, the jungle hens and cocks. Neither does Morga speak of gambling, when he talks about vices and other defects, more or lest concealed, more or less insignificant. Moreover excepting the two Tagalog words sabong and tari, the others are of Spanish origan as soltada (setting the cocks to fight, then the fight itself), pusta (apusta, bet), logro (winning), pago (payment), etc. We say the same about gamblilng; the word sugal (jugar, to gamble), like kumpistal (confesar, to confess to a priest), indicates that gambling was unknown in the Philippines before the Spaniards. The word laro (Tagalog: to play) is not the equivalent of the word sugal. The word play (baraja, playing card) proves that the introduction of playing cards was not due to the Chinese, who have a kind of playing cards also, because in that case they would have taken the Chinese name. l Is nto this enough? The word taya (tallar, to bet), paris-paris (Spanish, pares, pairs of cards), politana (napolitana a winning sequence of cards), sapote (to stack the cards), kapote (to slam), monte, and so on, all prove the foreign origin of this terrible plant, which only produces vice and which has found in the character of the native a fit soil, cultivated circumstances.

Along with gambling, which breeds dislike for steady and difficult toil by its promise of sudden wealth and its appeal to the emotions, with the lotteries, with the prodigality and hospitality of the Filipinos, went also, to swell the train of misfortunes, the religious functions, the great number of fiestas, the long masses for the women to spend their mornings and the novenaries to spend their afternoons, and the nights for the processions and rosaries. Remember, that lack of capital and absence of means paralyze all movement, and you will see how the native was perforce to be indolent for if any money might remain to him from the trials, imposts and exactions, he would have to give it to the curate for bulls, scapularies, candles, novenaries, etc. And if this does not suffice to form an indolent character, if the climate and nature are not enough in themselves to daze him and deprive him of all energy, recall then that the doctrine of his religion teach him to irrigate his fields in the dry season, not by means of canals but with amasses and prayers; to preserve his stock during an epidemic with holy water, exorcisms and benedictions that cost five dollars an animal, to drive away the locusts by a procession with the image of St. Augustine, etc. It is well, undoubtedly, to trust greatly in God; but it is better to do what one can not trouble the Creator every moment, even when these appeals redound to the benefit of His ministers. We have noticed that the countries which believe most in miracles are the laziest, just as spoiled children are the most ill-mannered. Whether they believe in miracles to palliate their laziness or they are lazy because they believe in miracles, we cannot say; but he fact is the Filipinos were much less lazy before the word miracle was introduced into their language.

The facility with which individual liberty is curtailed, that continual alarm of all from the knowledge that they are liable to a secret report, a governmental ukase, and to the accusation of rebel or suspect, an accusation which, to be effective, does not need proof or the production of the accuser. With the lack of confidence in the future, that uncertainty of reaping the reward of labor, as in a city stricken with plague, everybody yields to fate, shuts himself in his house or goes about amusing himself in an attempt to spend the few days that remain to him in the least disagreeable way possible.

The apathy of the government itself toward everything in commerce and agriculture contributes not a little to foster indolence. Three is no encouragement at all for the manufacturer or for the farmer, the government furnishes no aid either when a poor crop comers, when the locusts sweep over the fields, or when cyclone destroys in its passage the wealth of the soil; nor does it take any trouble to seek a market for the products of its colonies. Why should it do so when these same products are burdened with taxes and imposts and have no free entry into the ports of the mother country, nor is their consumption there encouraged? While we see all the walls of London covered with advertisements of the products of its colonies, while the English make heroic efforts to substitute Ceylon for Chinese tea, beginning with the sacrifice of their taste and their stomach, in Spain, with the exception of tobacco, nothing from the Philippines is known; neither its sugar, coffee, hemp, fine cloths, nor its Ilocano blankets. The name of Manila is known only from those cloths of China or Indo-China which at one time reached Spain by way of Manila, heavy silk shawls, fantastically but coarsely embroidered, which no one has thought of imitating in Manila since they are so easily made; but the government has other cares, and the Filipinos do not know that such objects are more highly esteemed in the Peninsula than their delicate piña embroideries and their vey fine jusi fabrics. Thus disappeared our trade in indigo, thanks to the trickery of the Chinese, which the government could not guard against, occupied as it was with other thoughts; thus die now the other industries, the fine manufacturers of the Visayas are gradually disappearing from trade and even from use; the people, continually getting poorer, cannot afford the costly cloths, and have to be contented with calico or the imitations of the Germans, who produce imitations even of the work of our silversmiths.

The fact that the best plantations, the best tracts of land in some provinces, those that from their easy access are more profitable than others, are in the hands of the religious corporations, whose desideratum is ignorance and condition of semi-starvation of the native, so that they may, continue to govern him and make themselves necessary to his wretched existence, is one of the reasons why many tows do not progress in spite of the efforts of their inhabitants. We will be met with the objection, as an argument on the other side, that the towns which belong to the friars are comparatively richer than those which do not belong to them. They surely are! just as their brethren in Europe, in founding their convents, knew how to select the best valleys, the best uplands for the cultivation of the vine or the production of beer, so also the Philippine monks have known how to selecte the best towns, the beautiful plains, the well-watered fields, to make of them rich plantations. For some time the friars have deceived many by making them believe that if these plantations were prospering, it was because they were under their care, and the indolence of the natives was thus emphasized; but they forget that in some provinces where they have not been able for some reason to get possession of the best tracts of land, their plantations, like Bauan and Liang, are inferior to Taal, Balayan, and Lipa, regions cultivated entirely by the natives without any monkish interference whatsoever.

Add to this lack of material inducement the absence of moral stimulus and you will see how he who is not indolent in that country must needs be a madman or at least a fool. What future awaits him who distinguishes himself, him who studies, who rise above the crowd? At the cost of study and sacrifice a young man becomes a great chemist, and after a long course of training, wherein neither the government nor anybody has given him the least help, he concludes his long stay in the University. A competitive examination is held to fill a certain position. The young man wins this through knowledge and perseverance, and after he has won it, it is abolished, because. . . we do not care to give the reason, but when a municipal laboratory is closed in order to abolish the position of director, who got his place by competitive examination, while other officers, such as the press censor, are preserved, it is because the belief exists that the light of progress may injure the people more than all the adulterated foods. In the same way, another young man won a a prize in a literary competition, and as long as his origin was unknown his work was discussed, the newspapers praised it and it was regarded as a masterpiece but the sealed envelopes were opened, the winner proved to be a native, while among the losers there are Peninsulars; then all the newspapers hasten to extol the losers! Not one word from the government, nor from anybody, to encourage the native who with so much affection has cultivated the language and letters of the mother country!

Finally passing over many other more or less insignificant reasons, the enumeration of which would be interminable, let us close this dreary list with the principal and most terrible of all: the education of the native.

From his birth until he sinks into his grave, the training of the native is brutalizing, depressive and anti-human (the word "inhuman" is not sufficiently explanatory; whether or not the Academy admits it, let it go). There is no doubt that the government, some priests like the Jesuits and some Dominicans like Padre Benavides, have done a great deal by founding colleges, schools of primary instruction, and the like. But this is not enough; their efforts is neutralized. They amount ot five or ten years (years of a hundred and fifty days at most) during which the youth comes in contact with books selected by those very priests who boldly proclaim that it is evil for the natives to know Castilian, that the native should not be separated from his carabao, that he should not value any further aspirations, and so on; five to ten years during which the majority of the students have grasped nothing more than that no one understands what the books say, nor even the professors themselves perhaps; and these five to ten years have no offset the daily preachment which lowers the dignity of man, which by degrees brutally deprives him of the sentiment of self-esteem, that eternal, stubborn, constant labor to bow the native's neck, to make him accept the yoke, to place him on a level with the beast -- a labor aided by some persons, with or without the ability to write, which if it does not produce in some individuals the desired effect in others it has the opposite effect, like that of breaking of a cord that is stretched too tightly. Thus while they attempt to make of the native a kind of animal, yet in exchange they demand of him divine actions. And we say divine actions, because he must be a god who does not become indolent in that climate, surrounded by the circumstances mentioned. Deprive a man, then, of his dignity, and you not only deprive him of his moral strength but you also make useless for those who wish to make use of him. Every creature has its stimulus, its mainspring; man's is his self-esteem. Take it away from him and he is a corpse, and he who seeks activity in a corpse will encounter only worms.

Thus is explained how the natives of the present time are no longer the same as those of the time of the discovery, neither morally nor physically.

The ancient writers, like Chirino, Morga, and Colin, take pleasure in describing them a well-featured, with good aptitudes for any thing they take up, keen and susceptible and of resolute will, very clean and neat in their persons and clothing, and of good mien and bearing (Morga). Others delight in minute accounts of their intelligence and pleasant manners, of their aptitude for music, the drama, dancing and singing, of the faculty with which they learned, not only Spanish but also Latin, which they acquired almost by themselves (Colin); others of their exquisite politeness in their dealings and in their social life, others, like the first Augustinians, whose accounts Gaspar de San Agustin copies, found them more gallant and better mannered than the inhabitants of the Moluccas. "All live off their husbandry," adds Morga, "their farms, fisheries and enterprises, for they travel from island to island by sea and from province to province by land."

In exchange, the writers of the present time, without being more gallant than Herman Cortez and Salcedo, nor more prudent than Legazpi, nor more manly than Morga, nor more prudent than Colin and Gaspar de San Agustin, our contemporary writers we say find that the native is a creature something more than a monkey but much less than a man, an anthropoid, dull-witted, stupid, timid, dirty, cringing, ill-clothed, indolent, lazy brainless, immoral, etc. etc.

To what is this retrogression due? Is it the delectable civilization, the religion of salvation of the friars, called of Jesus Christ by euphemism, that has produced this miracle that has atrophied his brain, paralyzed his heart and made of the man this sort of vicious animal that the writers depict?

Alas! The whole misfortune of the present Filipinos consists in that they have become only half-way brutes. The Filipino is convinced that to get happiness it is necessary for him to lay aside his dignity as a rational creature, to attend mass, to believe what is told him, to pay what is demanded of him, to pay and forever to pay; to work, suffer, and be silent, without aspiring any thing, without aspiring to know or even to understand Spanish, without separating himself from his carabao, as the priests shamelessly say, without protesting against any injustice, against any arbitrary action, against an assault, against an insult; that is, not to have heart, brain, or spirit; a creature with arms and a purse of gold. . . there's the ideal native! unfortunately, or because of the brutalization is not yet complete and because the nature of man is inherent in his being in spite of his condition, the native protests; he still has aspirations, he thinks and strives to rise, and there's the trouble!



PART FIVE: In the preceding chapter we set forth the causes that proceed from the government in fostering and maintaining the evil we are discussing. Now it falls to us to analyze those that emanate from the people. Peoples and governments are correlated and complementary: a stupid government would be an anomaly among righteous people, just as a corrupt people cannot exist under just rulers and wise laws. Like people, like government, we will say in paraphrase of a popular adage.

We can reduce all these causes to two classes: to defects of training and lack of national sentiment.

Of the influence of climate we spoke at the beginning, so we will now treat of the effects arising from it.

The very limited training in the home, the tyrannical and sterile education of the rare centers of learning that blind subordination of the youth to one of greater age, influence the mind so that a man may not aspire to excel those who preceded him but must merely be content to go along with a march behind them. Stagnation forcibly results from this, and as he who devotes himself merely to copying divests himself of other qualities suited to his own nature, he naturally becomes sterile; hence decadence. Indolence is a corollary derived from the lack of stimulus and of vitality.

That modesty infused into the convictions of everyone, or, to speak more clearly, that insinuated inferiority, a sort of daily and constant depreciation of the mind so that it may not be raised to the regions of life, deadens the energies, paralyzes all tendencies toward advancement, and of the least struggle a man gives up without fighting. If by one of those rare incidents, some wild spirit, that is some active one, excels, instead of his example stimulating, it only causes others to persist in their inaction. "There's one who will work for us; let's sleep on!" say his relatives and friends. True it is that the spirit of rivalry is sometimes awakened, only that then it awakens with bad humor in the guise of envy, and instead of being a lever for helping, it is an obstacle that produces discouragement.

Nurtured by the example of anchorites of a contemplative and lazy life, the natives spend theirs in giving their gold to the Church in the hope of miracles and other wonderful things. Their will is hypnotized: from childhood they learned to act mechanically, without knowledge of the object, thanks to the exercise imposed upon them from the most tender years of praying for whole hours in an unknown tongue, of venerating things that they do not understand, of accepting beliefs that are not explained to them, to having absurdities imposed upon them, while the protests of reason are repressed. Is it any wonder that with this vicious dressage of intelligence and will the native, of old logical and consistent -- as the analysis of his past and of his language demonstrates -- should now be a mass of dismal contradictions? That continual struggle between reason and duty, between his organism and his new ideals, that civil war which disturbs the peace of his conscience
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          Canesten Cream 1% 20g   
Canesten Cream 1% provides soothing relief from the irritation caused by fungal infections of the skin. It can be applied directly to the skin to help soothe the symptoms including sweat rash, jock itch, nappy rash, ringworm or thrush affecting the outside of the vagina (vulva and labia) or the end of the penis. How does it work? Canesten 1% cream contains the active ingredient clotrimazole, which is an antifungal medicine used to treat fungi and yeast infections. Canesten cream should be applied to the affected area(s) of skin thinly two to three times daily and rubbed in gently. Treatment should be continued for at least one month for dermatophyte infections and at least two weeks for candidal infections. What is it used for? Skin infections caused by yeasts (eg Candida), dermatophytes (eg Trichophyton), moulds and other fungi, such as the following: Athlete's foot (tinea pedis). Fungal infection of the groin, ie jock itch (tinea cruris). Ringworm (tinea corporis). Fungal nappy rash caused by infection Sweat rash caused by infection Relieving the external symptoms (candidal vulvitis) of vaginal thrush (candidal vaginitis). Inflammation of the penis and/or foreskin (candidal balanitis) caused by infection with Candida albicans (also known as thrush). Clotrimazole 500mg (1% w/w). It also contains benzyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, sorbitan stearate, cetyl palmitate, cetostearyl alcohol, octydodecanol and purified water. Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Because a side effect is stated here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect. Irritation in area of use Burning sensation The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the drug's manufacturer. For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Price: £4.24 Special Price: £3.49


          Canesten Cream 1% 50g   
Canesten 1% cream provides soothing relief from the irritation caused by fungal infections of the skin. It can be applied directly to the skin to help soothe the symptoms including sweat rash, jock itch, nappy rash, ringworm or thrush affecting the outside of the vagina (vulva and labia) or the end of the penis. Wash your hand before and after applying the cream. Apply the cream thinly to affected areas 2 or 3 times a day and rub in gently. Generally a minimum of 2 weeks treatment is necessary for thrush although up to 4 weeks maybe necessary for other conditions. Clotrimazole 500mg (1% w/w). It also contains benzyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, sorbitan stearate, cetyl palmitate, cetostearyl alcohol, octydodecanol and purified water.

Price: £8.16 Special Price: £7.16


          Bookworm Nadia Styles   
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          Panacur 10% Suspension Wormer For Cats & Dogs 100ml   

Panacur 10% oral suspension is an oral suspension for worming cats, dogs, kittens and puppies. Panacur oral suspension can be given direct into the mouth or placed onto the food. Useful for large litters and daily dosing of pregnant bitches.

Panacur 10% is a white oral suspension of fenbendazole as a ready to administer oral anthelmintic for domestic dogs, cats, puppies and kittens. 1 ml contains 100 mg active ingredient fenbendazole.

Panacur 10% is a broad spectrum anthelmintic for the treatment of domestic dogs and cats infected with immature and mature stages of nematodes of the gastro-intestinal and respiratory tracts.

Suitable for treatment of lungworm

If you have any queries about the usage or dosing for your pet please do not hesitate to contact us and we will resolve your query as quickly as we can

Price: £28.99 Special Price: £22.99


          Sunrise!   
A couple weeks ago, mom and I got up early and headed out to Cattle Point to watch the sunrise.


That's Mt. Baker in the distance.  It's all the way in Washington State!





It was soooo early that the moon hadn't gone to bed yet!


But Mr. Bunny was awake...  I guess he knows that the early bird catches the worm!


Here I am!  Still watching the sun.



And on our walkies, we met Sunny.  He was very excited to see us and wanted me to chase him over all the rocks.


They even had a piano out for anyone that wanted to play it!





After watching the sun wake up, we went to get a coffee and treats.  Then we went home and back to bed!


          Shorties (When Haruki Murakami Met Raymond Carver, The Best Albums of 2017 So Far, and more)   

The Seattle Times examined the time Haruki Murakami met Raymond Carver.


NPR Music, Vulture, and The A.V. Club listed the best albums of 2017 (so far).


Buzzfeed shared an excerpt form Zinzi Clemmons' novel What We Lose.


Stream a new She Keeps Bees song.


Vulture listed the best comics of 2017 (so far).


Drowned in Sound interviewed singer-songwriter Jane Weaver.


The Rumpus interviewed poet Jennifer S. Chang.


The Oxford American shared a new song and essay by guitarist William Tyler.


Ms. recommended poetry and prose collections feminists should read this summer.


Paste profiled singer-songwriter Jillette Johnson.


0s & 1s interviewed author Paul La Farge.


Stream a new song by the National.


Diksha Basu discussed his new novel The Windfall with Weekend Edition.


Stream a new Deerhoof song.


Emma Straub talked books and reading with the New York Times.


Paste listed the best Wilco songs, and SPIN listed the best songs written by frontman Jeff Tweedy.


Newsday and Vulture listed the best books of 2017 (so far).


The Omaha World-Herald and Baltimore City Paper interviewed singer-songwriter Jason Isbell.


HuffPost interviewed author Phillip Lopate.


PopMatters reconsidered the Cure's Pornography album.


Alain Mabancko discussed his favorite books at The Week.


Stream a new CYMBALS track.


Financial Times recommended summer reading.


Kevin Morby visited World Cafe for an interview and live performance.


Vox interviewed author and New York Times books editor Pamela Paul.


Stream a new Mogwai song.


Joyce Carol Oates talked to Salon about her new short fiction collection.


Stream Washed Out's new visual album Mister Mellow.


Bookworm interviewed author Zachary Mason.


NPR Music is streaming Tristen's new album Sneaker Waves.


Literary Hub interviewed poet Charles Simic.


NPR Music is streaming Sarah Jaffe's new album Bad Baby.


eBooks on sale for $0.99 today:

A Father's Law by Richard Wright
The Interrogative Mood by Padgett Powell

eBooks on sale for $1.99 today:

Across the Bridge by Mavis Gallant
Blind Ambition by John W. Dean
Disappearance at Devil's Rock by Paul Tremblay
The Drowning Season by Alice Hoffman
Finks by Joel Whitney
Gone to Soldiers by Marge Piercy
The Hippest Trip in America by Nelson George
History by Elsa Morante
Insurrections of the Mind by Franklin Foer
The Humans by Matt Haig
Living Like a Runaway by Lita Ford
The Los Angeles Diaries by James Brown
The Memory Place by Mira Bartok
Moshi Moshi by Banana Yoshimoto
My Cross To Bear by Gregg Allman
Not My Father's Son by Alan Cumming
An Object of Beauty by Steve Martin
Pavilion of Women by Pearl Buck
Post Office by Charles Bukowski
She Got Up Off the Couch by Haven Kimmel
A Widow's Story by Joyce Carole Oates

eBooks on sale for $2.99 today:

All Creatures Great and Small, All Things Bright and Beautiful, and All Things Wise and Wonderful: Three James Herriot Classics
The Art of Fielding by Chad Harbach
Back to Blood by Thomas Wolfe
Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh
Frog Music by Emma Donohue
The Group, The Company She Keeps, and Birds of America: Three Novels in One Collection by Mary McCarthy
Jackie Under My Skin by Wane Koestenbaum
Land's End by Michael Cunningham

eBooks on sale for $3.99 today:

And the Band Played on by Randy Shilts
Black Deutschland by Darryl Pinckney
Dry by Augusten Burroughs
A Home at the End of the World by Michael Cunningham



also at Largehearted Boy:

Support Largehearted Boy

previous Shorties posts (daily news and links from the worlds of music, books, and pop culture)

Atomic Books Comics Preview (the week's best new comics and graphic novels)
Book Notes (authors create playlists for their book)
Librairie Drawn & Quarterly Books of the Week (recommended new books, magazines, and comics)
musician/author interviews
Note Books (musicians discuss literature)
Short Cuts (writers pair a song with their short story or essay)
weekly music release lists
WORD Bookstores Books of the Week (recommended new books)
weekly music release lists


          Adopt Faith a Boxer (Faith (Petfinder.com))   
You can fill out an adoption form on-line on our main website.Faith is a wonderful Boxer mixture who was brought into the local shelter with her Mother. Sadly, Faith is Heart worm positive, but we will get her healthy in no time!!She has a lot of en... see more at Petfinder.com

          Boxer Puppies (Advertigo)   
Boxer Pups... they are Ready i have Females... they have been wormed weekly and had their dueclaws removed and tails docked... they have they health certificate... Images and contact details on Advertigo website.

          Unknown-Boxer Mix DOG FOR ADOPTION RGADN-464181 - Faith - Boxer / Mixed Dog For (PuppyFinder)   
Nickname: Faith Posted Breed: Boxer / Mixed. Faith is a precious Boxer mixture who was brought into the local shelter with her Mother. Sadly, Faith is Heart worm positive, but we will get her healthy in no time!! She has a lot of energy and likes to play. She is housetrained and a very happy girl. She is good with other dogs and children who understand animals. She would make a good addition to any family!

          "WORMS'-MEAT, n. The finished product of which we are the raw material. The contents of the Taj Mahal, the Tombeau Napoleon and the Granitarium. Worms'-meat is usually outlasted by the structure that houses it, but "this too must pass away." Probably the silliest work in which a human being can engage is construction of a tomb for himself. The solemn purpose cannot dignify, but only accentuates by contrast the foreknown futility.

Ambitious fool! so mad to be a show! How profitless the l   
"WORMS'-MEAT, n. The finished product of which we are the raw material. The contents of the Taj Mahal, the Tombeau Napoleon and the Granitarium. Worms'-meat is usually outlasted by the structure that houses it, but "this too must pass away." Probably the silliest work in which a human being can engage is construction of a tomb for himself. The solemn purpose cannot dignify, but only accentuates by contrast the foreknown futility.

Ambitious fool! so mad to be a show! How profitless the labor you bestow Upon a dwelling whose magnificence The tenant neither can admire nor know.

Build deep, build high, build massive as you can, The wanton grass-roots will defeat the plan By shouldering asunder all the stones In what to you would be a moment's span.

Time to the dead so all unreckoned flies That when your marble is all dust, arise, If wakened, stretch your limbs and yawn -- You'll think you scarcely can have closed your eyes.

What though of all man's works your tomb alone Should stand till Time himself be overthrown? Would it advantage you to dwell therein Forever as a stain upon a stone? --Joel Huck" - Ambrose Bierce
          Gorgeous, tiny, top quality Pomeranian puppies   
Gorgeous, tiny, top quality white Pomeranian puppies, registered, de-wormed , with first puppy shots and 1 year health guarantees. Puppies have a great multi Champion's bloodlines. Ice white puppies are extremely rare and hard to find, so price is much higher then standard colored poms. Call / TEXT me at : (902) 704-3794 . Please email me directly for more info and pictures
          Pug puppies becomes   
Devon is an adorable puppy that is full of spunk. Our CKC pugs are raised in our home with lots of love and attention. They have been vet checked and had their first shots and deworming. They are ready to become part of your family. Text me only:(304) 932-0146 $270
          Natural Chicken?   

          

We try hard every day to live cleanly, simply and healthfully. I try to use as few resources as possible, and of those resources, to make sure I choose organic and natural resources when possible. We went to the grocery store to buy a chicken, and this is what we saw.

This chicken got to me. No offense to Tyson (or maybe so), but how in blazes is this chicken 'natural'? Now, you would think that a bird that was once a living breathing creature is as close to 'natural' as possible. But when you know most mass produced chicken meat comes from mega farms where chickens don't see the light of day how can they be natural? These chickens don't go outside to feed on worms, bugs or grass, don't grow without chemicals, antibiotics or hormones, and don't live to a naturally ripe old age. 

And then to top it off, the label says I'm buying up to 20% added broth. So, these chickens are injected with chicken broth to plump them up and to increase their weight. That ain't natural either! The world is all turned around ~how can you take a natural living creature and alter its existence so much that it is as far from natural as the concrete it lives on, and still call it natural? I don't buy it.

 

Thalia Oster 

Thalia Oster, JD
Founder and COE (Chief of Everything)
Naturalfootcareproducts.com


          REGISTERED GOLDEN RETRIEVER PUPPIES FOR SALE CONTACT:(754) 222-0001   
2FEMALE, 4 MALE AKC GOLDENS RETRIEVER PUPPIES, MICRO CHIPPED , WORMED AND SHOTS (AGE APPROPRIATE ) BOTH PARENTS ON SITE,, VERY HEALTHY, ACTIVE PUPPIES - $350
          REGISTERED GOLDEN RETRIEVER PUPPIES FOR SALE CONTACT:(754) 222-0001   
2FEMALE, 4 MALE AKC GOLDENS RETRIEVER PUPPIES, MICRO CHIPPED , WORMED AND SHOTS (AGE APPROPRIATE ) BOTH PARENTS ON SITE,, VERY HEALTHY, ACTIVE PUPPIES $350
          REGISTERED GOLDEN RETRIEVER PUPPIES FOR SALE CONTACT:(754) 222-0001   
2FEMALE, 4 MALE AKC GOLDENS RETRIEVER PUPPIES, MICRO CHIPPED , WORMED AND SHOTS (AGE APPROPRIATE ) BOTH PARENTS ON SITE,, VERY HEALTHY, ACTIVE PUPPIES $350
          REGISTERED GOLDEN RETRIEVER PUPPIES FOR SALE CONTACT:(754) 222-0001   
2FEMALE, 4 MALE AKC GOLDENS RETRIEVER PUPPIES, MICRO CHIPPED , WORMED AND SHOTS (AGE APPROPRIATE ) BOTH PARENTS ON SITE,, VERY HEALTHY, ACTIVE PUPPIES - $350
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          Trojan: Win32/Dreambot.A   
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          InkCase i7 Review : iPhone gets another face   
This week I’ve been working with both versions of the InkCase i7 – one for the smaller iPhone, one for the Plus. Both are from the newest generation of e-ink case from the folks at Oaxis, who’ve made these cases for the following people: “adventurers, bookworms, the businessperson, selfie-takers, and everyone else.” Thus far I’ve found the case to be … Continue reading
          Chocolate mealworm cake and cricket salad, anyone?   
Polish scientists create a host of insect-based recipes, in an attempt to address future world food shortages. Roselle Chen reports.
          Ballard (PuppyFind) $750   
BALLARD IS A STUNNING TOY BLACK AND RUST YORKSHIRE TERRIER MALE. HE HAS A SWEET OUTGOING LOVING PERSONALITY AND LOVES TO PLAY ALL THE TIME. WHEN HE IS TIRED HE LOVES TO GET REAL CLOSE TO FEEL YOUR WARMTH AND SLEEPS SOUNDLY. HE HAS THE MOST PRECIOUS EYES AND WILL WARM YOUR HEART. HE IS LOOKING FOR A LOVING AND KIND FAMILY TO GIVE HIM LOTS OF LOVE AND TO TAKE CARE OF HIM FOR THE REST OF HIS LIFE. HE WILL BE DEVOTED AND SPEND ALL OF HIS TIME MAKING SURE THAT YOU ADORE HIM. HE COMES UP TO DATE ON SHOTS AND WORMINGS, MICROCHIP, VETERINARIAN EXAM AND WRITTEN GOOD HEALTH GUARANTEE. CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE OR CALL xxx-xxx-xxxx NOW FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT TO VISIT THE KENNEL AND PLAY WITH HIM. A DEPOSIT WILL HOLD HIM UNTIL HE IS READY TO LEAVE.

          Billy (PuppyFind) $800   
BILLY IS A EXQUISITE TOY BLACK AND RUST MALE YORKSHIRE TERRIER. HE LOVES TO PLAY AND HAS BOUNDLESS ENERGY. HE CHASES ALL THE GIRLS AND GIVES THEM WET KISSES WHENEVER HE CAN. HE CONSIDERS HIMSELF QUITE THE LADIES MAN. HE WANTS A CRACK AT YOU TOO!! HIS 1 DESIRE TO TO BE LOVED AND CHERISHED AND TO BE TAKEN CARE OF FOR THE REMAINDER OF HIS LIFE. HE WANTS TO KNOW THAT HE WILL HAVE FOOD AND CARE NO MATTER WHAT. HE COMES UP TO DATE ON SHOTS AND WORMINGS, MICROCHIP, VETERINARIAN EXAM AND WRITTEN GOOD HEALTH GUARANTEE. CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE OR CALL xxx-xxx-xxxx NOW FOR MORE INFO OR TO SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT TO VISIT THE KENNEL AND PLAY WITH HIM. A DEPOSIT WILL HOLD HIM UNTIL HE IS READY TO LEAVE.

          Alfie (PuppyFind) $850   
ALFIE IS A EXQUISITE BLACK AND RUST COATED TOY YORKSHIRE TERRIER MALE. HE IS LOVING AND PLAYFUL AND WANTS TO BE SPOILED ROTTEN. HE LOVES TO GIVE WET SLOPPY KISSES AND WANTS LOTS OF ATTENTION IN RETURN. HE WILL GIVE YOU YEARS OF LOVING COMPANIONSHIP AND ONLY WANTS A SPECIAL PLACE TO LIVE AND A SPECIAL PERSON OR FAMILY TO LOVE HIM. HE IS A 1 OF A KIND AND HE KNOWS IT. HE COMES UP TO DATE ON SHOTS AND WORMINGS, MICROCHIP, VETERINARIAN EXAM AND WRITTEN GOOD HEALTH GUARANTEE. CHECK OUT OUR WEBSITE OR CALL xxx-xxx-xxxx NOW FOR MORE INFO OR TO SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT TO VISIT THE KENNEL AND PLAY WITH HIM. A DEPOSIT WILL HOLD HIM UNTIL HE IS READY TO LEAVE.

          Baby (PuppyFind) $700   
This little girl is petite with good features. She is adorable and active. She has had shot, dew-clawed and up-to-date worming. If interested, please contact by e-mail.

          Yorkshire terrier puppies for rehoming (Advertigo)   
Male and Female yorkshire pups( Pure breed). Great and Healthy Veterinarian checked current on shots wormings and micro-chipped. Adorable disposition and outstanding blood line. You are more than welcome to come see and pickup anytime contact () - Pictures and contact details on Advertigo website.

          Atmósfera - Cut Worms, Durán Vázquez - 09/04/17   

Esta semana tenemos el programa cargado de novedades. Abrimos con Cut Worms y continuaremos con Visible Cloaks, Christian Wallumrød Ensemble, Col.lectiu Camí Fondo, Gene Mantua o Jamie Anderson y además tenemos dos invitados que nos presentan sus nuevos trabajos: Niet! y Durán Vázquez.


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          Cute, Tiny, Sweet Baby Havanese puppies Female/Male (Oodle) $800   
Our puppies are raised indoors. They have not been outside. Both parents are our pets and live indoors as well. Our puppies are great with children. My 12 year old daughter works with them daily and they socialize with my 3 year old daughter as well. We have started potty training. Our puppies eat the best quality food and eat well. We currently have them on a raw diet and will provide some along with dry kibble. Mom is about 5 lbs and Dad is about 4 lbs. These puppies have had wormings, current on vaccinations, groomed and nails trimmed. THEY ARE BEAUTIFUL. They love to run around and play and it helps that both parents use wee wee pads so the puppies are used to watching their parents and have started to do the same. We have 1 girl and 2 boys left. If you are interested in a baby please feel free to call . I will interview you for a puppy as these are our babies that we love and want to make sure they are going to a wonderful family. They are pure bred registerable Havanese. They will come with her papers.

          Revelation 6-8   
 Here we start off with the development of the setting from which the rest of the story in Revelation will unfold. All stories have a setting, and I think this is where the author John starts describing the setting for the story he is telling. We'll see some dramatic imagery in these passages, and it really gives you a lot to think about. Though the strange or bizarre symbols/images can sometimes be confusing, carefully analyzing things, taking notes, and thinking about it often helps me.


Revelation 6-8
  • Canon, Canonical, Exegesis, Seven (meaning or significance), eschaton, eschatology, hermeneutics.
  • I didn't do the best jobs presenting it last time, but I'm going to try to divide up the book of Revelation as a progressive story talking about different things at different points.
      • Chapters 1-3 were the introduction and the audience of the letter, and potentially a way of reading the rest of the book.
      • Chapters 4-5 were talking about the “Nature of the Divine” in its Jewish portrayal of God and the strange way the Lion is contrasted with a Lamb.
      • Chapters 6-8 as we'll cover today talk about the nature of a not-perfect world. There will be war, death, strife, and heart-ache in our world. Additionally, these can be seen as developing the “setting” for the rest of the story that will unfold with the rest of the book.
  • We start with the lamb opening the first of the seven seals (6:1)
  • The seals are as follows (I ignored the fractions that were given about who was affected):
  1. A white horseman with a bow who was given a crown, and was sent out as a victor to conquer. (6:2) Most people think this talks about Jesus. My youth leader's notes I'm following said it could be representative of a nearby country named Parthia. The Parthian signature color is white, and the bow is one of their characteristic weapons. They were nearby neighbors of the Roman Empire (the setting for this story), and there were known historical conflicts between Parthia and the Roman Empire.
  2. A fiery red horseman who was empowered to take peace from the earth, and to promote violence. A sword was given to him. (6:4) Self-explanatory. This one talks about strife in the world—a natural occurrence.
  3. A black horseman appears in this one, and he is given a balance scale (6:5). There is a reference to wheat, barley and a Denarius. A Denarius was a common Roman coin. I think it's fairly obvious that this horseman is representing economic strife or trouble. A Denarius was a normal day's wage, and could normally buy between 8 and 16 times the amount of food that was listed here, so it seems to be referring to economic inflation that follows after war.
  4. A pale green horseman appears this time. He is named “death” and “Hades” follows after him (6:8). Hades is Greek for “underworld” essentially (Hell is a very rough translation). This occurrence seems to be representing violence and death occurring in the world. Could this be a reference to our mortal nature?
  5. No longer do we have a horseman at this point, because there are only four. Now we see an “altar of the souls of those slaughtered [for God]” (6:9). These souls cry out for vengeance for those were unjustly slaughtered. They were rewarded with white robes, though, and told to be patient (6:11).
  6. The sixth seal results in a violent earthquake occurring (6:12). The sun turns black, and the moon becomes like blood, and the stars end up falling from the sky. As strange as this may seem, weird cosmic references like this have been used historically to talk about political or social occurrences, and one Biblical examples of this is Jeremiah 4:23-26. It seems to me that a statement about the political balance (or lack thereof) is being made. This view is further strengthened when we look at who is mentioned next. The kings of the earth, the nobles, the military commanders, the rich, and the powerful (6:15). All these people of political importance are begging for the rocks and mountains to fall on them because there is no political stability.
  7. Talk about the seventh seal, but then go back to the sealed of Israel. The seventh seal (8:2), when opened, ushers in the seven angels with seven trumpets (something loud and boisterous) as well as natural calamities . Before these angels appear, though, upon the opening of the seal, there is complete silence in heaven for a half-hour. Perhaps this silence is reverence for the perils that are to come, silence for dramatic effect, or maybe it's a reference to the Day of the Lord as found in Zephaniah 1:7. I prefer the previous thought since the seal ushers in the trumpets which are negative and harmful. It seems strange that the prayers of the incense are, in a way, used as a weapon against earth. Maybe this is a sign of what may seem like futility when we pray.
  • What's the significance of these seven seals? I think it's important to view them as a way to look at not only the history of the world (death, economic struggle, strife, violence, etc.) but also as a way of viewing personal conflicts we will all face in our lives. I think the book of Revelation, in certain respects, should be read as a personal book to help you understand and face troubles or trials you might face. What needs to be known, as the story will progress as we dig deeper, is that there will always be a liberation no matter how dark things might seems for us at the time.
  • The Sealed of Israel is an interesting little passage to look at. You start with four angels at the four corners of the earth (7:1). Right off the bat we should see something "wrong" there. As we now know, the earth is round, not flat, but that wasn't something the author John knew here. Though this may not be geologically correct, that isn't the main point of what John is trying to convey here. These angels are restraining the four winds of the earth (we now know there are quite a lot more than four, but this is also not what the author is trying to present).
  • Then an angel from the east (7:2) rises up who had the “seal of the living God.” A seal here seems to be a sign of protection, since a seal or a signet was a common sign from a king or authority figure that a document was authentic. This angel is here to protect 144,000 people from the harms the other four angels want to bring about (7:3). 144,000 people are sealed—or protected—with 12,000 being from each tribe of Israel.
    • I've looked into this as much as I can, and there doesn't seem to be anything special about these numbers that I can find other than twelve being the number of tribes. Most every source I had, including my study Bible, said these numbers were symbolic for the church as a whole throughout history (not modern history, but Jewish history), with the tribal names and numbers naturally referring to ethnic Israel.
  • Next, you have a vast multitude of people (7:9) from all over the world that is so great it can't possibly be numbered. They're from different tribes, nations, and languages, and they're here to stand before God. They sing praises to God (7:10, 12)
  • What seemed strange to me here when I first read it was the question of the elder that is posed to John. The elder asks John if he knows who the people are (6:13), and John strangely responds by dodging the question and saying that the elder knows. The elder then goes on to explain that these are the ones who have withstood the great trials, and they will no longer have to face the troubles, worries, and pains of life any more (7:16). I was a bit confused by this, and what I was best able to work out was that John was trying to tell us this story, not through his own eyes and words, but through the words of what appeared to him in his vision. He wanted to reach beyond his simply humanity.
  • Now that we've essentially covered the seven seals, we move on to the seven trumpets. In the Old/First Testament, trumpets were a sign of war. Just before any of these seven trumpets blown though, we need to remember what happened right after the seventh seal was opened. There was silence, then an angel came with an incense burner and offered all the prayers of the saints to God on a golden altar (8:3). I think the significance of this is that incense is supposed to be pleasing, and to God, our prayers are pleasing.
  1. The first trumpet is described as hail, fire, and blood (8:7), and this rains down upon the earth. It seems like these trumpets are perhaps being portrayed as a type of punishment against those who are unrighteous in the eyes of God. 1/3 of all the grass and trees were burnt up.
  2. A blazing, great mountain is hurled into the sea (8:8). What exactly this is referring to isn't exactly known. From a modern perspective we might say a meteorite or something, but with their lack of astronomical knowledge then, I don't think this is the best way to view this. 1/3 of all the ships were destroyed. I think it should be viewed as mere outside destruction of the naval powers that existed at that time. Some have even said that this might be a reference to the Minoan civilization (a civilization destroyed by the effects of the sea), but I hold my reservations about this view.
  3. A great star named Wormwood (a very bitter herb) fell into the waters and poisoned them—or made them bitter—reducing the drink-ability of the waters (8:10, 11). 1/3 of all the people died from these water because of its bitterness. Water has always been a highly contested resource, and this just is a sign less will be available in times of crisis.
  4. The fourth angel results in the partial destruction of the sun, stars, and moon (8:12). All of these were sources of light, so I think what's trying to be said there is that the people will be stumbling around in the darkness, and won't know what they are doing exactly (symbolically, of course). I don't think a literal view that 1/3 of these will be destroyed makes any sense if you understand anything about cosmology.
  • What follows all of this is the appearance of an eagle (a sign of majestic power) that is here to warm people that the remaining three trumpets are especially terrible (8:13).
So, in summary, I like to think that what we've covered is just the beginning of a great story that will unfold as the weeks go by and as we read more of these passages. I want to encourage everyone to look at these verses in a different way than you normally might. Don't try and put them in the context of the future (though you absolutely are free to do that, try and see it other ways as well as I think looking at things from other perspectives truly gives you a new appreciation for things), but try and see them as story being told to us by John about something that's slowly beginning to unfold, and there's gonna be some serious conflict with an amazing climax, and an unforgettable resolution. What I want most from everyone is to truly examine the text, study it, and formulate personal opinions about the text with evidence from it, as well as other sources, to support their beliefs.

Recommended Reading:
  Zechariah 6 (in which we see some dramatic imagery in the middle of the passage)
Haggai 2
Joel 2
Isaiah 34 
As with all/most of the Old Testament prophets, incredibly dramatic imagery is used to convey a meaning. I think that John was continuing this "tradition" or writing style, and using vivid descriptions to say something.

          Silver persian kittens CFA ch bld. Male and female (Oodle) $800   
Born in March. Beautiful silver Persian kittens , beautiful chin and Shaded Silver coats, green eyes bricK red noses. 800 on boys 900 on girls. Cfa registered. Panacur wormer pfizer shots. Breeding right additional with our discretion. Shipping runs 400. Amazing pedigrees. Guaranteed lines tested negative for PKD

          Persian Solid Black Male Kitten (Oodle) $1,000   
Adorable and playful Black Persian male Kitten available for reservation to a pet home. This boy is currently 10 wks old and will be ready to leave for his new home around the end of June. There is a very high demand for quality pure bred Persians in our area, so most of my kittens are reserved in advance. Deposit is $350 with balance due upon pick up. Price includes kitten vaccinations and a worming. All pets must be spayed/neutered by my vet at the buyer's cost before leaving me. Please tell me about yourself and your home when you inquire. I am selective about where I place my kittens. Look for Rare Earth Persians and Grooming on Facebook to read more about me and my beautiful cats. I have been breeding for 28 years and successful show them in CFA for 17 years.

          CFA Champion Sired Exotic Shorthair Persian Kits (Advertigo)   
Exotic Shorthair Kits.Blacks and Tabbys.CFA Registered Champion Sired Litter. Girls and Boys Available Now. Kits have been to the veterinarian and had their 1st shots and wormings.Pet Price . Breeder show . We are located in Houston Texas (Deer park Clear Lake Webster area)Visits welcome with apt . Call now at -- Photos and contact details on Advertigo website.

          Frauen mit 50 am glücklichsten   
 
And I don't want ya and I don't need ya
Don't bother to resist or I'll beat ya
It's not your fault that you're always wrong
The weak ones are there to justify the strong
The beautiful people, the beautiful people
It's all relative to the size of your steeple
You can't see the forest for the trees
And you can't smell your own shit on your knees
There's no time to discriminate
Hate every motherfucker that's in your way
Hey you, what do ya see?
Something beautiful or something free?
Hey you, are you trying to be mean?
You live with apes man, it's hard to be clean
The worms will live in every host
It's hard to pick which one they eat most
The horrible people, the horrible people
It's as anatomic as the size of your steeple
Capitalism has made it this way
Old-fashioned fascism will take it away
Hey you, what do ya see?
Something beautiful or something free?
Hey you, are you trying to be mean?
You live with apes man, it's hard to be clean
 
     Yes, we're all stars now in the Dope's show.

          Earworm 6/30/2017   


My last couple of years of college we hung out at The Fiddlers Green Pub in Ypsilanti. They'd have folk singers, mostly Irish Rebel Tunes, although Marty Burke sang a bit of everything.

This was one.

Alas Marty never cut an album, although there was a lot of not-quite-bootleg tapes floating around. (Folks would sit in the front row with their boom boxes taping stuff with his full knowledge. At least a couple of these were processed well enough to be demos, but so far as I know they never got a hearing...)

Too bad. Marty had a lot to do with developing my rather eclectic musical tastes...
          Turf War   
Choose your weapon and angle and power and attack the enemy Similar to Worms game br
          Bookworm Roxy Jezel   
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          Microcomputer firm wins top UK innovation prize   
Description: The team behind Raspberry Pi, the British-based not-for-profit company that produces a microcomputer to inspire and educate a new generation of programmers has won the UK’s top engineering innovation prize, the Royal Academy of Engineering MacRobert Award. Report by Sarah Mills and Mia Womersley.

          sx продолжение   

Автор: worm72
Категория: Тюнинг
          SX 200   

Автор: worm72
Категория: Тюнинг
              
just keep in mind if someone tells you that you never can get what you want its not important! important is that you belive in 💕 #silverstein #true #trust #love #realtalk #heart #beliveinyou #dreamscometrue #hope #truewords #reminder #poetry #poetryslam #nothingisimpossible #myfav #thoughts #shelsilverstein #bookstagram #book #booklover #bookworm #gedicht #word
          AN EVALUATION AND UPDATE OF GUINEA WORM (DRACUNCULUS MEDINENSIS) AS AN ENDEMIC PARASITIC ORGANISM IN NIGERIA   

  CHAPTER ONE  1.0   INTRODUCTION Guinea worm is an endemic parasitic organism that belongs to the phylum Nematoda. The worm has its scientific name as (Dracunculus Medineansis). Guinea worm cause a disease called, “Dracunculiasis” or “Dracunculosis”. The disease of Dracunculus Medine...read more
          ​Cases Of This Brain-Invading Parasitic Worm Infection May Be Spreading    

​Nearly 1 in 4 rats sampled in this state tested positive for it


          Teen Worms Gone Wild   
Nematode (roundworm)

; Credit: R. Gaugler, DEEZ, Rutgers University

The Loh Down On Science

Do you ever get the sense that your teen is intelligence-impaired?

This is Sandra Tsing Loh with the Loh Down on Science.

Laura Hale from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has new insight for desperate parents. To understand how mature behavior develops, she studies the roundworm 

Roundworms don’t have eyes. So they smell their way around to locate food. Hale and colleagues tested how quickly adolescent and adult worms wiggled toward a drop of food. 

The results were surprising! Teen worms wandered around, taking their sweet time. The mature worms wasted no time, making a beeline for the tasty snack. Are the teens just apathetic?

The secret is in the brain. Teen and adult worms have the exact same neurons. But the adult USES MORE of them when searching for food. When the scientists turned off these extra neurons, the grown-up worms acted like their immature cousins.

The researchers think this makes juveniles flexible. They can adjust their tastebuds for whatever is available. Once they know what food is around, they lock into that choice. And fire up all their neurons.

If only this could happen in time for the SAT.  Garrr!

This content is from Southern California Public Radio. View the original story at SCPR.org.


          Exploring the crypt: Analysis of the WannaCrypt ransomware SMB exploit propagation   
On May 12, there was a major outbreak of WannaCrypt ransomware. WannaCrypt directly borrowed exploit code from the ETERNALBLUE exploit and the DoublePulsar backdoor module leaked in April by a group calling itself Shadow Brokers. Using ETERNALBLUE, WannaCrypt propagated as a worm on older platforms, particularly Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 systems that haven’t...
          Worm in man's eye shot by laser   
IT took two laser blasts for doctors to kill a worm which made a nest for itself in an American man's eye.


















































































          Trip Part III - Vienna ♥   




... e a viagem continua :)

Desta vez, peguei no carro e foi necessário conduzir 4h de Praga para chegar a Viena, na Áustria. Do checo, passei para o alemão e foi mesmo muito, muito difícil comunicar já que, fora dos grandes centros urbanos, quase ninguém fala inglês. Imaginem só as peripécias que isso pode causar :P Foram tantas que, se as escrevesse aqui, ocupavam um grande espaço!
O país e a cidade são muito bonitos e, apesar de estar mesmo ao lado da República Checa, achei os dois países bem diferentes! A elegância na Áustria é outra, existe muita sensibilidade para as artes, tudo é elegante, todos os edifícios reluzem os dourados e o custo de vida é excessivamente alto. 
Como o tempo não foi muito, visitei os sítios mais importantes: St. Stephan's Cathedral, Vienna State Opera, Hofburg Palace e ainda passei pelo Café Central. Porém, decidi procurar algo local e fugir das zonas turísticas para beber o conhecido café de Viena com a famosa Sacher Torte! Um café lá custa cerca de 4€ e isso para nós, portugueses, é impensável já que bebemos tantos por dia! Quando contei à pessoa que nos estava a servir que em Portugal o café era 50/60 cêntimos (e no meu trabalho 20!) ficou completamente escandalizada :P
Depois, como já é tradição, passei no Hard Rock Café e comprei mais um copo para a minha coleção que já começa a ficar beeeem grande =D À volta e já bem tarde, lá encontrei um restaurante aberto e comi queijo frito com batatas fritas, jesus!
Resumindo, foi um dia muito cansativo mas que valeu toda a pena deste mundo <3

Até Karlstein, a última parte desta viagem :)

































          Mattias Geniar: Ways in which the WannaCry ransomware could have been much worse   

The post Ways in which the WannaCry ransomware could have been much worse appeared first on ma.ttias.be.

If you're in tech, you will have heard about the WannaCry/WannaCrypt ransomware doing the rounds. The infection started on Friday May 12th 2017 by exploiting MS17-010, a Windows Samba File Sharing vulnerability. The virus exploited a known vulnerability, installed a cryptolocker and extorted the owner of the Windows machine to pay ransom to get the files decrypted.

As far as worms go, this one went viral at an unprecedented scale.

But there are some design decisions in this cryptolocker that prevent it from being much worse. This post is a thought exercise, the next vulnerability will probably implement one of these methods. Make sure you're prepared.

Time based encryption

This WannaCry ransomware found the security vulnerability, installed the cryptolocker and immediately started encrypting the files.

Imagine the following scenario;

  • Day 1: worm goes round and infects vulnerable SMB, installs backdoor, keeps quiet, infects other machines
  • Day 14: worm activates itself, starts encrypting files

With WannaCrypt, it took a few hours to reach world-scale infections, alerting everyone and their grandmother that something big was going on. Mainstream media picked up on it. Train stations showed cryptolocker screens. Everyone started patching. What if the worm gets a few days head start?

By keeping quiet, the attacker risks getting caught, but in many cases this can be avoided by excluding known IPv4 networks for banks or government organizations. How many small businesses or large organizations do you think would notice a sudden extra running .exe in the background? Not enough to trigger world-wide coverage, I bet.

Self-destructing files

A variation to the scenario above;

  • Day 1: worm goes round, exploits SMB vulnerability, encrypts each file, but still allows files to remain opened (1)
  • Day 30: worm activates itself, removes decryption key for file access and prompts for payment

How are your back-ups at that point? All files on the machine have some kind of hidden time bomb in them. Every version of that file you have in back-up is affected. The longer they can keep that hidden, the bigger the damage.

More variations of this exist, with Excel or VBA macro's etc, and all boil down to: modify the file, render it unusable unless proper identification is shown.

(1) This should be possible with shortcuts to the files, first opening some kind of wrapper-script to decrypt the files before they launch. Decryption key is stored in memory and re-requested whenever the machine reboots, from its Command & Control servers.

Extortion with your friends

The current scheme is: your files get encrypted, you can pay to get your files back.

What if it's not your own files you're responsible for? What if are the files of your colleagues, family or friends? What if you had to pay 300$ to recover the files from someone you know?

Peer pressure works, especially if the blame angle is played. It's your fault someone you know got infected. Do you feel responsible at that point? Would that make you pay?

From a technical POV, it's tricky but not impossible to identify known associates for a victim. This could only happen a smaller scale, but might yield bigger rewards?

Cryptolocker + Windows Update DDoS?

Roughly 200.000 affected Windows PCs have been caught online. There are probably a lot more, that haven't made it to the online reports yet. Those are quite a few PCs to have control over, as an attacker.

The media is now jumping on the news, urging everyone to update. What if the 200k infected machines were to launch an effective DDoS against the Windows Update servers? With everyone trying to update, the possible targets are lowering every hour.

If you could effectively take down the means with which users can protect themselves, you can create bigger chaos and a bigger market to infect.

The next cryptolocker isn't going to be "just" a cryptolocker, in all likeliness it'll combine its encryption capacities with even more damaging means.

Stay safe

How to prevent any of these?

  1. Enable auto-updates on all your systems (!!)
  2. Have frequent back-ups, store them long enough

Want more details? Check out my earlier post: Staying Safe Online – A short guide for non-technical people.

The post Ways in which the WannaCry ransomware could have been much worse appeared first on ma.ttias.be.


          Japanese Bookworm Coed Schoolgirl Groped and Fucked at Library   
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          Bookworm Sasha Grey   
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          Keep Independence Day celebrations safe with these fire-safety tips   
RALEIGH – Officials with the N.C. Forest Service encourage people to celebrate Independence Day by viewing public fireworks displays rather than risk starting fires with their own fireworks. “The careless use of sparklers, fountains, glow worms, smoke devices, trick noisemakers and other Class C fireworks can cause wildfires,” said Agriculture Commissioner Steve Troxler. “Each year, wildfires in North Carolina endanger people, destroy millions of dollars’ worth of timber and property, and damage the environment.” If people use their own fireworks, here are some safety tips: *Don’t use fireworks such as ground spinners, firecrackers, round spinners, Roman candles, bottle rockets and mortars, which are illegal in North Carolina. *Do not use fireworks near .....
          Nerdy Bookworm Sakura Serizawa Blows 2 Classmates at the Same Time   
Watch Nerdy Bookworm Sakura Serizawa Blows 2 Classmates at the Same Time at free fuck and porn video site
          A Deadly Brain-Invading Worm Is Disturbingly Widespread in Florida   
Bolstering the idea that this potentially fatal parasite may be expanding its geographical range on account of—you guessed it—climate change.
          Deutscher Film-Förderpreise: Familiendrama "Sommerhäuser" räumt ab   
Tobias Walker und Philipp Worm wurden von der Jury zu den besten Nachwuchsproduzenten erklärt.
          The "Random Stuff" Thread, Part Two   
I just saw the most amazing thing. I was taking my gym bag out to my car in the parking lot at work, and as I was walking across the parking lot I spooked this big wasp-looking bug. It kind of looked like a wasp, but it was big......about an inch long. Once it flew away, I realized that it had been engaged with a green wormy caterpillar thing a little longer than it is (maybe an inch and a quarter). So I stood there and waited, and the big wasp thing came back. It flew around in circles for a few minutes and investigated the same pair of rocks in the parking lot about six times, but it eventually found the wormy caterpillar that it left behind. So the wasp positioned itself on the caterpillar and started working it with its jaws for a while. Then it just stayed there motionless for a while. I think during this time it may have been injecting some kind of chemical into the caterpillar, the way spiders do to liquify all the insides so that they can drink them later. Then I spooked it again, and it flew around and investigated the same rocks six or seven times (it really liked those rocks). Then it mounted the caterpillar again. I was expecting it to start working it with its jaws or something again, but it picked the caterpillar up and started carrying it across the parking lot. It was funny to watch because it had the caterpillar straddled underneath its body with its legs on either side. So its legs had to go around the caterpillar to reach the ground and then lift it up off the ground also. It was carrying that caterpillar across the parking lot incredibly fast. So I'm thinking to myself, "Geez, you're like a dog with a bone. What could you possibly be doing with this caterpillar? What is the end objective here? You're just going to carry it off and, what, eat it somewhere else? What is the point?" So I followed it. When it got to the curb, it just carried the caterpillar vertically right up over the curb. Then it started carrying it through the grass. It carried it through the grass a little bit and then it started going back and forth through the grass like it was lost or something. And I'm thinking, "What, is the grass confusing you? You don't realize that you're basically just going around in circles now? Why am I talking to a wasp?" Well, there was a bald area in the grass where the soil was exposed. I live on the east coast, so we have very sandy soil. So it gets to this bald area in the grass, it drops the caterpillar, and it starts digging in the sandy soil with its front legs. And I'm thinking, "You really are like a dog with a bone. You're going to bury it in the yard?" So it's digging a hole in the dirt, and it is going fairly slow even though the soil is pretty sandy, and I'm starting to get bored watching it. All of a sudden it starts dragging these little rocks out of the dirt with its jaws. After it digs out about ten or eleven rocks, it just disappears into this hole in the ground. And I'm like, ""Whoa, you already had a hole dug???" So it goes down in the hole and out a few times, each time bringing a little rock out with it. Then it grabs the caterpillar and pulls it down in the hole with it. They disappear down in the hole for a little while, and then the big wasp thing comes back out of the hole and starts putting the rocks that it took out earlier back in the hole. Once it fills the hole with rocks up to about ground level, it starts covering up the rocks with the sandy dirt. Once it was done, you couldn't even tell there was a hole there. Then it flew off, I guess to go kill more wormy caterpillar things. Pretty cool to watch that unfold.
          bookworm skylar paige   
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          Everything.Goes.As.Planned   

July's Playlist!





So Big
Iyaz


awesome



Like, OMG Baby Summer 2010
DJ Earworm


awesome



Glitter In The Air
Pink






Magic
B.o.B Featuring Rivers Cuomo


awesome




Outta Your Mind
Lil Jon feat. LMFAO




I Can Do Anything
3OH!3




Misery
Maroon 5


awesome



Power
Kanye West Featuring Dwele






Love The Way You Lie
Eminem feat. Rihanna






Parachute
Cheryl Cole

awesome



Find Your Love
Drake






Animal
Neon Trees


awesome



If I Had You
Adam Lambert


awesome



Something 'Bout Love
David Archuleta





Heartbeat
Enrique Iglesias feat. Nicole Scherzinger





Dynamite
Tiao Cruz





Got Your Back
T.I. feat. Keri Hilson






DJ Got Us Falling In Love Again
Usher feat. Pitbull


awesome



This Boy That Girl
Miley Cyrus feat. Iyaz







谢谢你的美好
严爵


awesome



一丝不挂
Eason 陈奕迅





唯爱人间
Janice 卫兰




如果这就是爱情
张靓颖


awesome



爱的习惯
Justin a.k.a 侧田





假动作
Jaycee 房祖名


awesome




Kebahagiaan Dalam Perpisahan
Shahir AF8







Jahat
Stacy





Yang Sempurnakanku
Sixth Sense






Sofea Jane
Black





It's blissful that things are starting to work out for both of us.
Thanks for standing by me b ♥

          Up.Up.And.Away!   

Usually when people say hot air balloons, this is what I'll have in mind.



Thus when Weijie asked if I was interested to visit the 2nd Putrajaya International Hot Air Balloon Fiesta 2010, I was the first one to raise my hand up - almost raised my feet as well lol.
And to prove how hyped up I was, I managed to wake up at 8.30 in the morning despite having to sleep for only 4 hours!
If you know me well enough, you'd know that's like a mission impossible to me.




So there we were, 11 of us so eager and ever so keened to see what's in store for us in Putrajaya. Smiles were all dangled up on our faces. Birds were chirping. Leaves were dancing. Before we could reach our destination, I could see from far the so called "hot balloons" and all of a sudden 3 particular letters came to mind.






This is what I was anticipating for -.-

This is what I gave up sleeping for -.-

They couldn't believe their eyes.


There were like 3 of the world's most disgusting hot balloons over there at that moment and we were then informed that the good ones will only be exhibited later in the evening. So much for early bird catches the worm -.- But we couldn't bother much since we were already there and hence the following pictures!


I haven't the slightest idea of what Kok Eng was laughing about. But I like!
My favorite pic of the day! Pardon the revolting-looking hot balloon please.


Being the spontaneous man that I have always been, I suggested that we head over to Alamanda for movies next and the gang agreed to it.

This is what we decided to watch.


It's a so-so movie if you ask me. Paid 6 bucks for the ticket so I won't complain much =P Lunched at Secret Recipe before heading home.

Mynn & Lip
The newly weds~


Thesis is due next Friday and I'm only half way there. And as if that's not enough, N/Mems' midterm test is next Wednesday. Lab session is next Tuesday. So once again...


          Moving.Forward   

J
anuary's Playlist.



Rude Boy
Rihanna


awesome



Hot Mess
Cobra Starship







Whataya Want From Me
Adam Lambert


awesome



In My Head
Jason Derulo




Poker Face (Lady GaGa Cover)
Daughtry





Push Push
Kat Deluna





Tonight Is Your Night
Jesse McCartney


awesome



How Low
Ludacris






Angels Cry
Mariah Carey feat Ne-Yo





Pass Out
Chris Brown feat. Eva Simons


awesome


Bedrock
Lil Wayne feat. Gudda Gudda, Nicki Minaj, Drake, Tyga, Jae Millz & Lloyd






Shut It Down
Pitbull feat. Akon


awesome



Money To Blow
Birdman feat Drake & Lil Wayne




United State of Pop 2009 (Blame It On The Pop)
DJ Earworm

awesome



Never Knew I Needed
Ne-Yo



Say Aah
Trey Songz



Reloaded
Lady GaGa feat Rodney Jerkins

awesome



Revolusi
Bunkface



Gagap
Stacy




Tak Mungkin Kerna Sayang
Alyah



Because Of You <너 때문에>
After School a.k.a 애프터스쿨

awesome



Broke Up Today <오늘 헤어졌어요>
Younha a.k.a 윤하





Have A Drink <술 한잔 해요>
Zia




We Fell In Love
Ga In & Jo Kwon


awesome


Snow Village <눈내리는마을>
After School a.k.a 애프터스쿨 with Brown Eyed Girls, K.Will, Kang Min Yeon, Tei, Sook Hee & Ahn Yeong Min





Hatsukoi <はつ恋>
Masaharu Fukuyama a.k.a 福山雅治




Precious One
Minori Chihara




第几个一百天
JJ 林俊杰




雨爱
Rainie 杨丞琳

awesome



花火
丁当 & 阿信(五月天)




We Are
F.I.R



看得最远的地方
Angela 张韶涵





幽兰操
Faye 王菲


awesome




残酷游戏
Janice 卫兰





七天追到你
Rynn 林宇中



awesome

          Bookworm Faith Leon   
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          Războaie animal   
Ca jocuri Worm ar trebui să evolueze, omule Angry capre, melci scarbosi, furnicile de foc şi poopy gorilele război unul împotriva celuilalt. Bătălia din America, prietenii mei
          Supărat de mere   
Supărat de mere este un remake al clasicului joc fizica Angry Birds, zbura mere supărat la worms care a făcut fraţii şi surorile lor putred.
          The New Disney Princess Book Tag   
Thank you so much to Birdie Bookworm for tagging me to do this! It’s funny because I really wa
          Low Cost Pet Vaccine Clinic   
low cost pet vaccine

If your pets are due for their vaccines, or you recently got a new pet, head to the Low Cost Pet Vaccine Clinic at Columbus Dog Connection held on the first Saturday of each month on a walk-in basis from 10 a.m. – 1 p.m.  Cash only. Next clinic: Saturday, July 1: 10am-1pm May special: Heartworm […]

The post Low Cost Pet Vaccine Clinic appeared first on Columbus on the Cheap.


          bookworm Jenny Hendrix   
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          bookworm Lavish   
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          3D worm   
Acesta este un joc 3D, care este foarte similar cu jocul snake. Ajuta un vierme să mănânce cât de mult se poate, dar fii atent a putut mânca coada.
          Adam Fieled; six poems from When You Bit...   
Grudge-Fucks


This, crazy, water-leakage:
I slip-slide away into you,
out of you, into her, out of
her, we’re oil-slicked birds
squawking out minor-key
laments for lost closure. I
hang on the end of clothes-
lines: I’m ten sheets, each
dripped w grease, blood,
butter, milk, a catalogue of
epic grudge-fucks. Not that
anyone has come. Each kiss
is a suicide Jack in a game:
sixty-nine innings. No draw.




I’m Down


Forest: within it, I’m
field mice, I scamper.
Over still streams I
watch your beechen
green strips fold off.
I hide beneath logs,
consoled by slugs. I
intermix w acorns, I
sharpen my teeth on
pictures of you. I am
down wells. I’m down.
My body is grounded.
I’ve been pounded by
solitude: thus, I frown.




Three Sets of Teeth


Three sets of teeth: who
can check for cavities?
A three-way circuit: who
will start the striptease?
Three lovers in three ways:
how merrily the dance
begins. We spin, we spin,
we forget our instincts,
anima, the part of teeth
that cuts. We are sluts.
There is an “I” here that
stands for all of us, but
its eyes are shut. Sleep
lulls it to rest, not think. Or speak.




Cocaine Gums

I ache: dull, sharp,
in a heap of paper.
All paper: picture,
bright, bold, dark.
I have nailed you
to a piece: black.
I darken touched
things: I’m used.
I write you, you,
you, as if kissed
by a fresh body,
rose-petal bliss.
I drowse: numb
as cocaine gums.




Screw


I want you to be like a bull.
I want you to call me a fool.
I want to be ass-proud for you.
I want you to call me to screw.
I know this iambic is dry.
I know this excess has to stop.
I know I can laughably cry.
I know blood can come drop by drop.
I come for you kicking my ass.
I’ve come to be making a pass.
I’ve come undistracted by “I”.
I killed off my “I” as it’s dry.
I start off these lines in the sand.
I want to end up in your hand.




Duration


This eclipse: I’m durable
only before, after. Throat
parched, nightingale loud
in my trees, I’m beechen.
I’m green. I send myself
into forests after you, I
skip over streams, being
stone: heavy, jagged, on
top of slugs, worms, dirt.
My heart: too thick, aches.
I don’t want beer, I want
to be wound around you.
Deliverance: beds of muck.
It’s what I can say you suck.
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Gummy Worm for Science! Science class was not one of my favorites growing up but the science teacher always was. There is something special about a person who can cut into things, gross you out with it and then go to lunch. My kid’s science teacher isn’t much different and because of that sense of [...]
          BRIDE OF THE LINDORM   

The prince meeting his lindorm brother, from Folk Tales of the World, written by Roger Lancelyn Green, illustrated by Janet and Anne Grahame Johnstone, and published in 1966 by Purnell and Sons Ltd (© Roger Lancelyn Green/ Janet and Anne Grahame Johnstone/Purnell and Sons Ltd – reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

I owe much of my lifelong love of mythology to the wonderful works of Roger Lancelyn Green that my mother Mary Shuker bought for me when I was a child, in which he retold countless famous and little-known myths, legends, folktales, and fables from all around the world. Moreover, it was within these works that I first encountered many enthralling fabulous beasts and other folkloric entities, including the Japanese tanuki, the Mexican kuil kaax (click here for my ShukerNature coverage of this magical woodland spirit), the Australian kurreah (click here), and – in Green's delightful book Folk Tales of the World, exquisitely illustrated throughout in full colour by Janet and Anne Grahame Johnstone, which I still treasure to this day – the Swedish lindorm.

Lindorms are semi-dragons inasmuch as they occupy an intermediate echelon in the evolution of the dragon from the serpent. Typically (but not invariably) two-legged and wingless, lindorms have greater affinities with the serpents than with the classical dragons (in contrast, wyverns, which are also semi-dragons, possess not only a pair of legs but also a pair of wings, so they are closer to the classical dragons than to the serpents).

A sturdy typical two-limbed lindorm readily demonstrating its semi-dragon status, intermediate between a limbless serpent dragon and a quadrupedal classical dragon (public domain)

Incidentally, the term 'lindorm' should not be (but often is) confused with 'lindworm' – which technically should only be applied to wingless four-limbed classical dragons. In heraldry, however, it is commonly applied to lindorms.

Lindorms were commonly met with in churchyards, where they ghoulishly devoured human corpses, and would sometimes invade churches too. They occurred in great numbers amid the mountainous peaks of central Europe - indeed, the elaborate dragon-shaped fountain in Klagenfurt, Austria, was inspired by the discovery in 1335 of a supposed lindorm skull (it later proved to be from a woolly rhinoceros!).

A limbless Swedish lindorm, resembling a gigantic snake (© Richard Svensson)

Their favourite land, however, was Sweden, which contained quite a variety of versions, including legless lindorms and even one that sported a small pair of fore-wings instead of a pair of legs. But most Swedish lindorms were of the typical two-limbed variety. There are many traditional tales from this Scandinavian country concerning these particular semi-dragons, but perhaps the most celebrated example is the one that I shall now retell here.

A rare winged Swedish lindorm (© Richard Svensson)

Untold centuries ago, the Swedish monarch's queen lay in her bedchamber, about to give birth to twins - the fulfilment of many years of empty longing for the children that she seemed destined never to conceive. She smiled, as she remembered how, in final desperation, she had consulted a soothsayer who had assured her that in less than a year's time she would be granted two handsome sons - provided that she ate two fresh onions as soon as she returned home to the palace.

The advice seemed quite bizarre, but the queen was so aroused by the chance, however slim, that it offered to her that she made her way back to the palace at once, anxious to seek out the necessary vegetables without delay. Recalling this scene, she also remembered hearing the soothsayer calling after her, but as she had already told her about the onions, the soothsayer's message clearly couldn't have been of much importance, and so the queen hadn't wasted time turning back. Instead, she had continued her journey home, and upon arriving had ordered two crisp, mature onions to be brought to her immediately.

When she received them, the queen was so excited by the promise that these innocuous vegetables held that she ate the first one whole, without even stopping to peel the skins from it. Not surprisingly, however, it tasted quite revolting - and so in spite of her enthusiasm she spent time carefully peeling the second one, stripping away every layer of skin, before finally eating it. Nine months had passed since then, and now, precisely as prophesied by the soothsayer, she was about to bear her greatly-desired children.

'The Serpent of Arabia' – a lindorm sumptuously depicted in the Ripley Scroll, a 15th-Century alchemical manuscript of emblematic symbolism, and of unknown origin but named after Sir George Ripley, a famous English alchemist (public domain)

The palace courtiers and staff eagerly clamoured outside the royal bedchamber, awaiting the official announcement of the new princes' births. Suddenly, an ear-splitting scream echoed within the chamber - but it was not the lusty cry of a newborn baby. It was, instead, a shriek of horror - an eldritch wail that leapt unbidden from the throat of the royal midwife when she set eyes upon the queen's firstborn. It was male - but it was not human.

The queen had given birth to a lindorm - a hideous snake-like dragon, whose wingless elongate body thrashed upon the marble floor in innumerable scaly coils, and from whose shoulders sprang a pair of powerful limbs with taloned feet. Deathly pale and so repulsed by the creature that she was unable even to whisper, let alone scream, it was the queen, still in labour with her second child, who leaned down, took the young lindorm in her arms - and hurled it, with all the power that her loathing could summon, through a nearby window, from where the creature plummeted into the dense forest surrounding the palace.

Weakened from the exertion, she sank back upon the bed, and gave birth again - but this time to a perfectly healthy, fresh-faced boy, with golden hair and sparkling blue eyes.

Encountering a traditional two-limbed lindorm in Switzerland, from Itinera per Helvetiae Alpinas Regiones Facta Annis 1702-1711 by Swiss scholar Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, 1723 (public domain)

Years passed by, and the boy became a youthful prince in search of a bride - but what he found was his brother, the lindorm. The prince had been riding around the perimeter of the vast forest encompassing the palace when, without warning, a huge ophidian head had emerged from a thorny bush directly ahead. Rearing up until its green-scaled body resembled a towering tree, the lindorm gazed down at the youth with unblinking eyes of amber that effortlessly penetrated his innermost thoughts. And as the prince stared back, mesmerised and motionless before this monstrous entity, he heard its voice, intoning deep within his mind - a voice that assured him with cold, reptilian detachment and certainty that he would never find a wife until he, his elder brother, had obtained the true love of a willing bride.

Accordingly, over the next few months a succession of village maidens were given to the lindorm, in the hope of overcoming this barrier to the young prince's quest for a bride. Needless to say, however, none of the maidens were thrilled at the prospect of marriage to a lindorm, so none came willingly - and, inevitably therefore, none was accepted by the monster. The situation seemed irreconcilable - until one day, that is, when the next maiden selected to be the lindorm's bride had the good fortune to encounter beforehand the soothsayer whom the queen had consulted all those years ago. After listening sympathetically as the maiden spoke of her impending plight, the soothsayer whispered into her ear some words of advice that swiftly replaced her sadness with a smile of joy.

The maiden instructing the lindorm to shed its first skin, as portrayed by Arthur Rackham (public domain)

That night, the maiden was presented to the lindorm, who gruffly told her to take off her dresses - of which she seemed to be wearing a surprising number. She agreed to do this - but only after extracting from the lindorm the promise that for every dress she took off, it would shed a layer of skin. This it did, until only a single layer remained - and until the maiden was clothed in just a single robe.

The maiden removing her first dress, watched closely by the lindorm after shedding its first skin as demanded by her - illustrated by Henry Justice Ford (public domain)

Despite remembering the soothsayer's words, it was not without a degree of nervousness that she then removed this final gown and stood still, and naked, before the great dragon.

The lindorm moved towards her, and the maiden tensed - fearing yet desiring what was to come, for if the soothsayer had spoken truthfully to her there would be great happiness, and great love, ahead. And so she stood erect, motionless, as the serpentine monster leisurely, almost tenderly, enveloped her body in its scaly coils. She had expected them to feel cold and slimy, and was therefore pleasantly surprised by their warmth and softness - embracing and caressing her in their muscular folds.

Even so, she felt a flicker of terror rising within her - a desire to close her eyes, to scream, to flee, to do anything rather than remain here. Then the words of the wise old soothsayer came back to her, calming her mind, and she relaxed again.

Gazing about her, she noticed that the lindorm's last layer of skin was so thin as to be almost translucent, and was beginning to peel away, folding back upon itself like a cluster of withered leaves. At the same time, a strange green mist manifested all around, bathing the lindorm in a viridescent haze until she was aware of the creature's continuing presence only from the embrace of its sinuous body.

Gradually, however, the mist dispersed - and revealed that she was no longer wrapped within the serpentine coils of a lindorm after all, but within the firm arms of the most handsome man she had ever seen!

A somewhat Oriental-looking lindorm (public domain)

The soothsayer had indeed spoken truthfully - by following her instructions, the enchantment that had incarcerated him within the guise of a lindorm had been dispelled, and here was the elder prince, heir to the country's throne, and for whom the maiden would indeed be a very willing bride. The joyful marriage took place without delay, and after the old queen had given her blessing to the newly-weds, who were now the new king and queen, she felt someone lightly tap her shoulder.

It was the soothsayer, who revealed to her the information that she had not stayed to hear all those years ago - namely, make sure that she peeled both onions before eating them!


This ShukerNature blog article is excerpted from my book Dragons: A Natural History (1995). See also my more recent book, Dragons in Zoology, Cryptozoology, and Culture(2013), for detailed coverage of lindorms in mythology, cryptozoology, and natural history.






          THE LIGHTBULB LIZARD OF BENJAMIN SHREVE - ILLUMINATING A HERPETOLOGICAL CONTROVERSY FROM TRINIDAD   

Artistic representation of the Trinidadluminous lizard's possible appearance when glowing, as based upon Ivan T. Sanderson's claim (© Philippa Foster)

Among the fishes and several different taxonomic groups of invertebrate (including comb jellies, cnidarians, molluscs, insects, centipedes, millipedes, crustaceans, and annelid worms) are many bioluminescent species. That is, living creatures which actively carry out chemical processes to produce and emit light.

Officially, however, there are no bioluminescent species among the terrestrial vertebrates - but claims have been made that there may in fact be a notable exception of the reptilian kind.

I first learnt about, and then duly investigated, this fascinating yet surprisingly little-known case back in the mid-1990s, and here is what I uncovered at that time, followed by the extraordinary revelations that have occurred since then – yielding in this present ShukerNature blog article of mine the most comprehensive account ever published online.

A selection of fully-confirmed bioluminescent creatures depicted in a vintage illustration from 1890 (public domain)

In March 1937, during an animal collecting trip to the West Indies, American zoologist and cryptozoologist Ivan T. Sanderson visited Mount Aripo (aka El Cerro del Aripo), at 3,084 ft high the loftiest peak in Trinidad and part of this island's Northern Range. He had been capturing some freshwater crabs in a series of dark subterranean pools there when he suddenly spied a faint light in a crevice beneath a ledge. The light promptly went out, but Sanderson was curious to discover its source, so he flashed his torch into the crevice - and was most surprised to find a small lizard.

Attempting to coax it into his net, Sanderson gently tickled the lizard, but instead of running out it turned its head away - and as it did so, Sanderson was very startled to see both of its flanks momentarily lighting up "...like the portholes on a ship". When he finally succeeded in capturing it, this remarkable reptile lit up again, glowing brightly in his hand with a pale greenish hue that Sanderson subsequently likened to the glow produced by the hands and figures of a luminous watch.

As zoologists were previously unaware of any bioluminescent lizards, Sanderson was very thrilled by his discovery, which he documented in his book Caribbean Treasure (1939). Ironically, however, apart from its unique glowing ability the lizard, which was a male, seemed relatively nondescript in general appearance - with a long tail but short legs, a sharply-pointed muzzle, dark brown upperparts, and rosy salmon-pink underparts (turning yellow under its head) surfaced with large rectangular scales of plate-like form.

Ivan T. Sanderson's book Caribbean Treasure (© Viking Press, reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Its only distinctive features were its body's lateral eyespots or 'portholes', constituting a series of large circular black blots running from the neck to the groin on both flanks, because each of these blots contained a vivid white bead-like spot. And it was these spots that were the source of the lizard's apparent luminescence, as determined by Sanderson during some basic experiments:

We made it [the lizard] hot and cold, and moist and dry alternately; we blew a loud whistle in its ear, we tickled it, and we subjected it to flashes of bright light...This creature seemed to produce its light in response to sudden emotional disturbance, rather than through actual physical reactions...The loud whistle, sudden winds, and flashes of light greatly agitated our lizard, causing it to switch on its 'portholes'. We noticed that this light was much brighter the first time it was switched on after the animal had been quiescent for a period, and more especially after it had previously been subjected to intense illumination.

Eventually, Sanderson shipped off his amazing little lizard to the British Museum (Natural History) in London, where it was studied in detail by fellow zoologist H.W. Parker. It was found to belong to a species already known to science (indeed, Parker himself had formally named and described it in 1935), but only just. An exceedingly rare member of the tejid (aka tegu) family Teiidae, and normally measuring 11-15 cm long, it was called Proctoporus (=Oreosaurus) shrevei (in honour of the very gifted American amateur herpetologist Benjamin Shreve), and had hitherto been represented in scientific collections only by a single preserved juvenile and one preserved adult female. Sanderson's specimen was therefore the first male of this species to have been brought to scientific attention, and until now no-one had suspected that it may be bioluminescent when alive.

Proctoporus shrevei (copyright holder presently unknown to me despite my having made considerable efforts to discover this; reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

During his visit to Trinidad, Sanderson collected seven more individuals of this species, and as preserved specimens these too were examined by Parker. In a paper published by the zoological journal of London's Linnaean Society in 1939, Parker revealed that it was sexually dimorphic, with only the males sporting the distinctive 'porthole' markings (a further reason why no bioluminescence had been reported from the specimens procured prior to Sanderson's), and that in every porthole the epidermis of the white bead at the centre was less than half the thickness of the epidermis of the black ring surrounding it. In addition, the white bead's epidermis was transparent, lacking any form of pigment. In other words, each porthole literally constituted a black-edged circular window.

How the portholes functioned, however, remained a mystery, because Parker found no associated nerve endings or an increased blood supply, thereby eliminating any likelihood that they were directly connected with the sensory or circulatory systems. Nor did he find any ducts connecting them with the exterior, or any complex lenses or reflecting structures.

Whatever they were, therefore, these portholes were clearly very simple in structure, and Parker offered three possible explanations for their luminosity. In life, the portholes may contain some substance that either glows when it breaks down (the principle of bioluminescence in various fishes), or glows when exposed to light (as with the paint used in luminous watches). The third option is that the transparent central beads of the portholes are underlain with reflective tissue. (A fourth possibility, that the portholes contain glowing bacteria which create their luminosity, can be rejected, because Parker did not report the presence of any bacteria within them.)

Ivan T. Sanderson as a young man (copyright owner presently unknown to me despite considerable searches made; reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Inevitably, the prospect of a luminous lizard duly attracted attention from several other zoologists, who studied specimens of P. shrevei and various related tejids to find out whether any of them really did glow - but none of them did! And so in 1960, reporting at some length in the journal Breviora their own negative findings with P. achlyens from Venezuela and Neusticurus [now Potamites] ecpleopus ocellatus from Peru (both of which possess porthole markings resembling those of P. shrevei), American biologists Drs Willard Roth and Carl Gans rejected Sanderson's claims regarding P. shrevei's bioluminescence.

Yet Sanderson was an extremely experienced field zoologist, and Parker's histological studies convinced him that the portholes were genuine luminous organs. So who was correct? If P. shrevei were the only bioluminescent species, this would of course render worthless any comparative studies with related species. Moreover, at the time of my own initial examination of this case, only one zoologist other than Sanderson had actually investigated luminosity with living P. shrevei specimens, and he may simply not have stimulated them sufficiently for them to light up. (I subsequently found out that this latter zoologist was Prof. Julian S. Kelly – see later.)

My above account presents the situation concerning Trinidad's intriguing 'glowing lizard' that I had uncovered during my mid-1990s investigations. Since then, however, much additional information has come to light (pun intended!), and, as I discovered after unearthing it, this extra data includes some very significant new insights into P. shrevei and its alleged bioluminescent capabilities.

Map of Trinidad, highlighting its Northern Range, where Mt Aripo is (public domain)

First of all, it is nowadays deemed not to be a true tejid, so it is housed within a separate taxonomic family, Gymnophthalmidae, which contains many species. These are sometimes referred to as microtejids, because they are smaller than true tejids. Also, they tend to be quite skink-like in appearance, with certain species possessing reduced limbs.

I was pleased to learn that following further field studies, P. shrevei is no longer considered to be as rare as previously claimed. Indeed, the IUCN officially categorises it as being of Least Concern, and the IUCN Red List website states: "...although the distribution [of this species] is limited (with an extent of occurrence of 210 km2), the population trend appears to be stable, there are no current threats, and it occurs in at least two protected areas".

In addition, the IUCN assigns this species to the genus Riama, although quite a few other authoritative sources checked by me retain it within Proctoporus (so I shall do the same here for text consistency purposes), and refers to it via a very memorable common name that ties in with its supposed abilities – Shreve's lightbulb lizard. But is this name warranted?

Mark O'Shea lecturing at West Midlands Safari Park (© Ghaly-Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 3.0 licence)

During my original investigations of Shreve's lightbulb lizard in the mid-1990s, I communicated with the West Midlands Safari Park's internationally-renowned herpetological expert Mark O'Shea, famed not only for his numerous scholarly publications but also for his fascinating TV show O'Shea's Big Adventurein which he travelled the world seeking rare or unusual reptiles and amphibians. Mark was very interested in this mystifying lizard species, and I was delighted when he subsequently visited Trinidad to look for it. His search featured in 'Exotic Island', the tenth episode of his show's first series, screened in 1999.

After arriving in Trinidad, Mark and his camera crew teamed up with Caesar, a local guide, and with Dr Victor Quesnel (named as Quinnel in some reports), a retired Trinidad-based economic botanist who was also a very knowledgeable all-round naturalist (he died in 2014). But before they set off on their arduous trek in the hope of emulating Sanderson's original success in encountering this island's luminous enigma in 1937, they were able to chat with Javrien Capriata (aka Capriata Dickson), who had been Sanderson's guide back then, and was now over 80 years old (Sanderson himself had died in 1973). Happily, Mark's search proved successful too, as the team found two specimens, a male and a female. (Moreover, during a much later expedition in 2008, Dr Quesnel actually rediscovered the specific cave where Sanderson had captured his lizard in 1937 but which had not been found since then; it is now known as Sanderson's Cave.)

These two lizards were duly videoed in a dark room by Mark's cameraman while they were being illuminated artificially and for a time after the artificial illumination had been turned off. The video was then viewed closely to see whether there were any signs of luminescence from them. Not surprisingly, the female lizard did not glow, as it lacked the all-important porthole markings. Conversely, the male did indeed appear to glow for a short time after the illumination had been turned off. Unfortunately, however, it was not possible to determine whether this constituted bona fide glowing from the lizard, or whether it was merely a trick of the light caused by filming and the camera adjusting to the darkness after the illumination had been extinguished.

Ivan T. Sanderson in later years (© Dr Bernard Heuvelmans)

During the first half of the year 2000, I exchanged a series of letters with herpetological specialist Hans E.A. Boos from Port of Spain, Trinidad's capital, who is extremely knowledgeable concerning the reptilian fauna of this island. Needless to say, therefore, one of the subjects that we discussed was P. shreveiand its alleged bioluminescence. Hans was very sceptical about this, and even more so concerning the reliability of Sanderson's eyewitness testimony (it has to be said here that Sanderson was well known for exaggerating claims at times, although this behaviour may have been caused by a brain tumour that developed over time and apparently contributed to his relatively early death, aged just 62).

In one of his letters to me, dated 22 January 200, Hans revealed that he had kept specimens of this lizard species in captivity for a considerable time but had never seen them light up. He also noted that both Dr Quesnel and Trinidad-based zoologist/newspaper columnist Prof. Julian S. Kenny had attempted to repeat the conditions reported by Sanderson but again had failed to achieve any success in stimulating the lizards to illuminate. In a subsequent letter, dated 14 April 2000, Hans mentioned to me that during the previous evening he'd had dinner with Dr Quesnel and had discussed fully with him the subject of P. shrevei. Quesnel had announced that he planned to try to collect a couple more specimens and this time arrange for high-quality histological sections to be prepared, with the tissues of the portholes properly fixed, in the hope of deducing something new regarding their supposed luminosity.

On 3 October 2004, the Trinidad Express newspaper published a short article written by Prof. Kenny that expanded upon Hans's comment concerning his investigations of Shreve's perplexing little lightbulb lizard. After referring to Sanderson's capture and claims regarding this species, Kenny revealed that American zoologist Prof. E. Newton Harvey (died 1959), a leading authority on bioluminescence, had once asked him to conduct an experiment to confirm his belief that Sanderson's claims were unfounded. The Harvey/Kelly experiment involved injecting some living specimens of P. shrevei with 1:10000, and 1:1000 doses of adrenalin. This treatment had already been shown to trigger light production in bioluminescent fishes, but it did not induce any reaction in the lizards.

Prof. E. Newton Harvey (public domain)

Also in 2004, what is acknowledged to be the defining scientific paper dealing with this contentious species' reputed glowing behaviour was published in the Caribbean Journal of Science. One of its three authors was Dr Quesnel, who revealed that, in fulfilment of his hopes expressed to Hans Boos in 2000, he had indeed succeeded in conducting further field investigations of P. shrevei, in May 2001 and again in May 2002.

Two male specimens were captured in rock crevices near to a cave entrance at the summit of Mount Aripo – i.e. the same general locality as Sanderson's own discovery. After examining them in the field, Quesnel took them to a field station for further investigation, where they were studied under light and dark conditions at different times of the day. Yet no observations, either in the field or at the field station, revealed any light emission from the portholes. The same was true with a third specimen that had been captured and studied previously by Quesnel. Clearly, therefore, they did not appear capable of bona fide bioluminescence, i.e. the active generation of light by living organisms via chemical means.

But what about the prospect that the portholes were highly reflective, or perhaps even phosphorescent? (That is, reflecting incident invisible light as visible light but over a longer time period than in fluorescence and without heat.)

Vintage illustration from 1904 depicting a further selection of known bioluminescent creatures (public domain)

To test this possibility, Quesnel directed high-intensity light from a xenon lamp at the lizards from varying angles. No light was emitted by the lizards, thereby demonstrating that they were not phosphorescent. However, light was readily reflectedby their porthole (ocellar) scales. As Quesnel et al. explained in their paper:

...if P. shrevei is observed along the same plane from which light is directed, the normally obvious white ocelli cannot be seen against the reflection from all other scales. But, when viewed from an angle oblique to the light source, the ocelli appear brighter, while surrounding scales show no reflection. By varying the angle of reflected light, an illusion is created that the ocellar scales are intermittently emitting light, thus providing an explanation of Sanderson's original account of the lizard "switch[ing] on its portholes." The illusion produced by the reflective scales also explains recent accounts, as well as Sanderson's description of the white ocelli "remain[ing] plainly discernable in a darkened box when the rest of the animal was invisible." The ocellar scales reflect and intensify ambient light while the darker ground coloration renders the rest of the lizard invisible in a dimly lit environment.

It was also noted that the illusory effect of the reflective porthole scales was enhanced by a varying in intensity of the black pigment surrounding these scales, and that this varying of the black pigment's intensity appeared in turn to be dependent upon the lizards' stress levels - because it became darker when the lizards were first handled, but faded somewhat after several minutes. The black pigment surrounding the porthole scales heightened their reflective effect, making them look a brighter white:

When viewed immediately after handling the lizards, the ocelli appear to pulse or fluctuate in brightness as the surrounding pigment changes intensity. After a quiescent period, the ocelli are still reflective but do not appear as bright as when the surrounding skin pigmentation is darker. Again, this could explain Sanderson's description that light from the lizard "was much brighter the first time it was switched on after the animal had been quiescent for a period of time," and "after one brilliant display... it refused to shine with full brightness." The darker dermal pigmentation, presumably associated with higher stress levels during handling, heightens the reflective appearance of the white ocellar scales. Decreased pigmentation during inactive periods gives the illusion that the lizard is not producing light at full intensity.

In short, these studies appear to have comprehensively refuted Sanderson's claims that Shreve's lightbulb lizard is bioluminescent. Instead:

...the lizard's unique scales act like small parabolic mirrors, reflecting light at oblique angles. The intensity of this reflectivity is, in turn, influenced by the intensity of surrounding dermal pigmentation and by the angle at which a lizard is oriented relative to a light source. Thus, ocellar reflection produces an illusion that light is emitted by P. shrevei at varying intensities, a phenomenon which obviously has confused a number of persons.

Partial view of the Northern Range, Trinidad, whose Mount Aripo is home to Shreve's still-mystifying microtejid (image cropped) (© Sanjiva Persad/Wikipedia – CC BY 2.0 licence)

Even so, one major light-related mystery concerning Shreve's very surprising microtejid still remains unsolved. Namely, why has so remarkable a morphological feature as this lizard's parabolic mirror scales evolved in the first place, and why only in male specimens?

These are questions that the study of Quesnel and his co-workers did not seek to answer, although, as they did point out, P. shrevei is a reclusive nocturnal species that inhabits dark localities and whose behaviour in the wild is unknown – all of which make any attempt at speculation fraught with difficulty. Nevertheless, it occurs to me that in view of their sex-specific and also age-specific occurrence, perhaps these scales' light-reflecting abilities function as a means of visual communication by which adult males attract adult females for mating purposes. An alternative option is that this light-reflection ability is used as a defence mechanism, to startle or ward off potential predators, but if this were true, why do only males possess the necessary scales?

Clearly it is high time that some comprehensive field studies were conducted in relation to this small yet very thought-provoking lizard, neglected by science for far too long, in the hope of finally shedding some much-needed light (in every sense!) upon the currently cryptic purpose(s) of its unique parabolic portholes.


The present ShukerNature blog article is a greatly expanded and fully-updated version of a short account that appears in my book Mysteries of Planet Earth(1999).









          SEEKING GLYCON - BLOND-HAIRED, HUMAN-HEADED, SERPENT-BODIED, AND VERY TALKATIVE!   

The statue of Glycon unearthed at Tomis, Romania, in 1962; right-hand view (public domain)

A snake with a blond head of hair and the ears of a man would certainly be a marvel – but how much more so would one be that could also speak, and even foretell the futures of those who sought an audience with this wondrous ophidian oracle? All of this and much more – or, quite probably, a great deal less – was Glycon, the Roman Empire's incredible serpentine soothsayer.

In c.105 AD, a very controversial, enigmatic figure was born who would in time come to be known far and wide as Alexander of Abonoteichus, after the small fishing village on the Black Sea's southern coast that was his birthplace. Back in Alexander's time, Abonoteichus was located within the Roman province of Bithynia-Pontus (specifically within Paphlagonia, which was sandwiched between Bithynia and Pontus), but today it is contained within the Asian Turkish province of Kastamonu, and is now named Inebolu.

19th-Century illustration of an African rock python (public domain)

Apparently very handsome and tall with an extremely charismatic personality, Alexander was originally apprenticed to a physician/magician, but after his mentor died Alexander met up with a Byzantine chorus-writer nicknamed Cocconas, and the two spent some time thereafter travelling around together, earning their living as fake magicians, quack doctors, and via other chicanery. Eventually, they reached Pella in Macedonia, and it was here that Glycon was born, so to speak, because this is where they purchased for just a paltry sum of money an extremely large and impressive-looking yet very tame snake (such serpents being commonly for sale in this locality at that time).

It was probably an African rock python Python sebae, as specimens of this very sizeable species (averaging 15.75 ft long but sometimes exceeding 20 ft) were apparently brought back to Rome, because it is depicted in Roman mosaics. Also, fertility-related snake cults had long existed in Macedonia, stretching back at least as far as the 4th Century BC.

Apollo after slaying the serpent dragon Python, engraving by W Wellcome, late 1700s (public domain)

Alexander and Cocconas then journeyed to Chalcedon, a maritime town in Bithyna, where they lost no time in concealing inside its temple to the god Apollo a series of bronze tablets proclaiming that both Apollo and his serpent-associated son Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing, would soon be appearing in Alexander's home village of Abonoteichus. They then contrived for these 'hidden' tablets to be found, and news of the tablets' sensational proclamations swiftly travelled widely, eventually reaching Abonoteichus itself, whose inhabitants promptly began building a temple dedicated to Apollo and Asclepius. It was then, in or around 150 AD, that the partnership of Alexander and Cocconas broke up, with Cocconas electing to stay in Chalcedon and continue producing phoney oracles, whereas Alexander was keen to put the next stage of their original plan into action, and so he duly set off back to Abonoteichus.

Using more fake oracles to proclaim himself as a prophet and healer, Alexander also claimed that his father was none other than Podaleirius, son of Asclepius himself and a legendary healer in his own right. Moreover, as signal proof of this, he arranged for a goose egg that he had 'discovered' inside Abonoteichus's newly-built temple to be publicly opened by him at noon on the following day in the village's marketplace before a crowd of curious but credulous onlookers, promising that a wonder would be revealed that would confirm all that he had alleged. And sure enough, when he opened the egg, a tiny snake emerged (one that supposedly he had subtly inserted inside before overtly 'discovering' the egg in the temple). As snakes were sacred to Asclepius (one common European species, the Aesculapian snake Zamenis longissimus, is actually named after Asclepius's Roman counterpart, Aesculapius), Alexander's grandiose claims were readily accepted by Abonoteichus's simple, unworldly villagers.

Statue of Asclepius and snake, 2nd Century AD, found on the island of Rhodes, Greece (public domain)

As an interesting aside here: Chickens are often infected with parasitic gut-inhabiting worms, including the ascarid roundworm Ascaris lineata, a nematode species that can grow to a few inches in length (a related giant species in humans can grow to over 1 ft in length!). They are often passed out of the bird's gut when it defaecates. Unlike in mammals, however, the bird's gut and its reproductive system share a common external passageway and opening – the cloaca. Sometimes, therefore, an ascarid worm ejected from the gut finds its way into the bird's reproductive system rather than being excreted into the outside world, and moves into the oviduct. Once here, however, it becomes incorporated into the albumen of an egg, inside which it remains alive yet trapped when the egg is laid. But as soon as the egg is broken open to eat by some unsuspecting diner, the worm wriggles its way out of it and inevitably scares the diner, who frequently but mistakenly assumes that this unexpected creature is actually a tiny snake.

I wonder if such a scenario explained the above 'snake-inside-egg' incident involving Alexander? Or could the egg have actually been a genuine snake egg, but passed off to the ingenuous crowd by Alexander as an unshelled, undersized goose egg, perhaps?

Ascaris, a large parasitic nematode (public domain)

But that was not all. Alexander also stated that the baby snake was itself a deity, and that he would therefore be caring for it. After a few days had elapsed with the villagers not setting eyes upon this infant reptilian god, Alexander reappeared, once again thronged by awed spectators, but now only briefly and ensconced within a small dimly-lit shrine inside the temple where viewing conditions were far from ideal. Moreover, this time his huge, fully-grown pet snake from Pella was wrapped around his body, and he glibly announced that the baby serpent deity had miraculously matured directly into adulthood.

Yet even that incredible high-speed transformation was not the most surprising facet of Alexander's outrageous revelation. Instead of possessing a typical snake's head, the head of this remarkable creature apparently resembled that of a man, and sported an abundance of long blond hair sprouting liberally from it, as well as a pair of human ears! Moreover, it could even speak, and in the future would directly voice certain oracles or autophones to temples worshippers seeking guidance. Alexander announced that this astonishing entity was called Glycon, and constituted a new, living, physical manifestation or incarnation of Asclepius.

Two Romanian postage stamps, issued in 1974 and 1994 respectively, depicting the famous statue of Glycon unearthed in 1962 (public domain)

Henceforth, Alexander's reputation, wealth, prestige, influence, and power, derived from his status as a celebrated prophecy-spouting soothsayer and in turn a highly-esteemed personage attracting acclaim and attention from all strata of Roman society, knew no bounds. In particular, the temple that he had established at Abonoteichus (by now a prosperous town) became a focus for fertility-themed worship and offerings by barren women wishing to become pregnant; and also for the very lucrative provision of oracles (always requiring prior receipt of payment). Moreover, Alexander was frequently consulted by public figures of high political standing anxious to solicit his ostensibly Heaven-sent advice regarding significant matters of state. The fact that sometimes his advice was by no means reliable seemed to be conveniently overlooked.

Thus it was, for example, that in 161 AD, Alexander provided a very favourable oracle to Marcus Sedatius Severianus, the Gaul-originating Roman governor of Cappadocia, on the basis of which Severianus put into action his plan to invade Armenia – only for his invasion force, including himself, to be slaughtered by the Parthians. Allegedly, Alexander soon afterwards replaced the official temple record of his oracle with a revised one that was much less favourable.

A sheet of Romania's Glycon-depicting postage stamp issued in 1974, from my own philatelic collection (public domain)

In 166 AD, Alexander provided an oracle verse that was utilised as an amulet and inscribed above the doors of numerous houses throughout the Roman Empire in the hope of warding off the devastating Antonine Plague that had been introduced into the Empire by troops returning home from campaigns in the Near East, and which killed thousands of people every day. Not surprisingly, the amulets had no effect (indeed, it was actually claimed by critics of this futile course of action that households bearing an amulet suffered more plague-induced deaths than those not bearing it!), but Alexander was too powerful by then for his standing to be affected by any such dissension.

Not long after that debacle, the Roman emperor himself, Marcus Aurelius, requested Alexander to send an oracle to his troops on the Danube River during ongoing warfare (168-174 AD) with a Germanic tribe called the Marcomanni. The oracle that Alexander duly sent declared that victory would be achieved if two lions were thrown alive into the Danube. Once again, however, the stark fact that after obeying this unusual command the emperor's army was annihilated there (20,000 Roman soldiers killed, and even the hapless lions clubbed to death) failed to elicit any censure for the unperturbed Alexander, who coolly pointed out that the oracle had not specified which side in the war would achieve success!

Bust of Marcus Aurelius (public domain)

Of course, Alexander was far from being entirely unsuccessful as a prophet, but reputedly his triumphs often involved the use of spies, thugs, and blackmailers to obtain the necessary information upon which to base his oracles. In addition, there were claims that sealed scrolls containing requests for oracles that acolytes presented to him were secretly opened by him using hot needles in order to discover what information they contained and thus devise an oracle in accordance with it. He also benefited from making friends in (very) high places, of which one of the most significant was Publius Mummius Sisenna Rutilianus, a former Roman consul and provincial Roman governor in Asia and Upper Moesia, who declared himself protector of the Glycon oracle. He also provided Alexander with some very high-ranking contacts in Roman society, and he even married Alexander's own daughter.

Not content with merely being an exceptionally famous mystic, meanwhile, Alexander utilised Rutilianus's own eminence to help launch a very spectacular annual three-day festival replete with processions, ceremonies, and re-enactments of various mystical rituals, all held at the temple in Abonoteichus. These were devoted to the celebration of Apollo's birth and that of his son Asclepius, the appearance of Glycon, Alexander's own mother's supposed marriage to Asclepius's son Podaleirius, and even an alleged romance between Alexander himself and the Greek moon goddess Selene that purportedly led to the birth of Alexander's daughter, now the wife of Rutilianus.

Selene the Greek moon goddess, with Phosphoros the Morning Star and Hesperos the Evening Star, depicted on Roman marble altar, 2nd Century AD (public domain)

Alexander even persuaded the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius to change Abonoteichus's name to the much grander-sounding Ionopolis ('Greek city'). In addition, this same emperor and also his successors Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius all issued coinage depicting Glycon. Yet despite achieving such successes as these, with savage irony a prediction that he made about himself proved to be singularly inaccurate – just like many that he had predicted for others had been. He prophesied that he would live to the age of 150, but died at only 70 in or around 170 AD, caused by a gangrenous limb. Yet although the cult's leader was no more, the cult itself, and its veneration of Glycon, persisted for at least a further century – having occupied a vast area at its peak of popularity, stretching from the Danube in the west to the Euphrates in the east - before eventually petering out. Having said that, it is nothing if not interesting to note that as recently as the 1970s, belief in a "magical snake" still existed among Turkish locals living in the vicinity of Inebolu (formerly Ionopolis/Abonoteichus).

But how do we know about Alexander and Glycon, almost a millennium after their demise? In fact, only a single primary source for the extraordinary history of the reputedly phoney prophet and his talkative hairy-headed human-eared snake god is known, and it just so happens to be an exceedingly acerbic, hostile account written by an infamously vituperative satirist with a very specific reason for hating Alexander and all that he represented. Needless to say, therefore, one might well be forgiven for wondering whether the entire saga was totally fictitious.

The statue of Glycon unearthed at Tomis, Romania, in 1962; left-hand view (© CristianChirita/Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 3.0 licence)

Happily, however, independent corroboration for the reality of the Glycon cult also exists. This includes not only the survival of some of the afore-mentioned Roman coinage bearing the image (and even the name) of this very singular deified serpent, but also a magnificent marble statue of Glycon, dating from the Severan dynasty (193-235 AD), standing almost 3 ft tall, and in excellent condition. It had been excavated in April 1962 along with various other statuary under the site of a former railway station in Constanta, Romania, formerly the ancient city of Tomis.

So spectacular and unexpected was this ornate Glycon sculpture, now housed at Constanta's Museum of National History and Archaeology, that it featured on a Romanian postage stamp in 1974 (which is what first brought Glycon to my attention, as an enthusiastic stamp collector during my childhood), as well as on a second one issued in 1994, and also on a Romanian 10,000 lei bank note in 1994.

The Romanian 10,000 lei bank note depicting the Glycon statue, issued in 1994 – sample only (Wikipedia/public domain – reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Moreover, smaller Glycon statuettes in bronze have been found in Athens too, confirming the cult's spread into and across southwestern Europe. And according to the 2nd-Century-AD Christian philosopher Athenagoras of Athens, writing in his Apology (c.176/177 AD), a statue of Alexander once stood in the forum of Parium, which was a Greek city in Mysia on the Hellespont (now called the Dardanelles). 

Consequently, as there can be no doubt that Glycon, regardless of its true nature, really did exist, should we look more favourably upon its sole primary literary source, even though said source originated from the pen of an inimical satirist? This is where it all becomes much more complex, as will now be seen.

Lucian of Samosata, engraving by William Faithorne, 1600s (public domain)

The source in question is a concise but coruscating essay tersely entitled Alexander the False Prophet, written in Ancient Greek by Lucian of Samosata (Samosata being an ancient Syrian city on the west bank of the Euphrates river). A popular Greek satirist and rhetorician, Lucian was a contemporary of Alexander, and was particularly noted for the scoffing, sarcastic nature of many of his writings. His essay contained the history of Alexander and Glycon that I have summarised here in this present article of mine, but also included many additional claims and suppositions of fraud, lewd behaviour, and other undesirable activities relative to its human and serpentine subjects.

For instance, Lucian confidently asserted that the talking head of Glycon was not this snake's real head (which, he claimed, was kept well hidden under Alexander's armpit), but was instead an artificial construction made from linen and skilfully manipulated by Alexander using a lengthy internal tube composed of conjoined bird windpipes that led out from the false head into a hidden chamber where an assistant spoke words into the tube, thus making it seem as if Glycon were speaking. Lucian further alleged that a series of very fine, attached horse-hairs acted as internal pulleys to make the false head open and close its mouth, and extend and retract its tongue.

Sculpture of Lucian of Samosata, atop an ornamental pillar in the grounds of Nordkirchen Castle, near Münster, Germany (© Mbdortmund/Wikipedia – GFDL 1.2 licence)

Lucian also 'explained' how various of Alexander's correct predictions had been achieved via fraudulent activity. He even alleged that shortly after a somewhat acrimonious meeting with Alexander (in c.162 AD) during which he had tried to trick Alexander and had even attempted (albeit unsuccessfully) to dissuade Rutilianus from marrying the latter's daughter, he had narrowly avoided death during a boat trip when Alexander had supposedly paid the vessel's crew to murder him, only being saved when the captain prevented them from carrying out the heinous deed.

Traditionally, this vicious character assassination of Alexander by Lucian in literary form has tended to be viewed uncritically by those modern-day scholars actually aware of it (with Glycon in particular being among the Roman Empire's least-known figures of interest nowadays). However, all of that changed dramatically in June 2011.

Steve Moore with fellow FT colleagues in 2002 - from left to right, back row to front row: Mark Pilkington,  Paul Sieveking, Bob Rickard, Ian Simmons, Steve Moore, and Owen Whiteoak (© Paul Sieveking)

This very notable volte-face was due to the publication of a fascinating, eye-opening article presenting a very erudite reappraisal of Alexander, Glycon, and their portrayal by their longstanding nemesis Lucian. Appearing in the British monthly periodical Fortean Times (which is devoted to the serious investigation and chronicling of unexplained and controversial phenomena of every conceivable - and inconceivable! – kind), the article was authored by Steve Moore.

Steve was a highly-respected veteran researcher of ancient Asian and European mysteries, as well as one of the original Gang of Fort associated with the founding of Fortean Times itself (originally entitled The News), and his article directly challenged many of Lucian's long-accepted claims.

Opening page of text from Steve Moore's excellent Fortean Times article (© Steve Moore/Fortean Times)

For example, Steve questioned how Lucian could have known any specific details about Alexander's early years, especially those shared with Cocconas, bearing in mind that he, Lucian, had not spent any time alongside the pair to witness anything at first hand, and that Cocconas and Alexander were hardly likely to have informed him (or anyone else, for that matter) what they had been doing if they had truly been engaged in fraudulent activity during that time period, as vehemently asserted by Lucian in his account. Indeed, Steve went even further, by questioning whether Cocconas even existed – after all, there is no mention of him outside Lucian's poisonous diatribe. Might he therefore have been a wholly fictitious character, invented specifically by Lucian in order to cast Alexander's early years in as bad a light as possible?

No less circumspect are Lucian's wholly-unsubstantiated claims of spying, thuggery, blackmail, furtively opening sealed scrolls, and a varied assortment of other equally unpleasant activities attributed by him to Alexander. As for Lucian's once again unconfirmed allegation of almost being murdered by henchmen of Alexander while taking a boat ride, this just so happens to have been a very popular storyline in romantic works of fiction from that time period (and of which Lucian would certainly have been well aware). So it should clearly be viewed with great caution as a supposed statement of fact.

Was Glycon's voice achieved by ventriloquism and its head a glove or sock puppet, i.e. comparable, for instance, with how the famous American entertainer Shari Lewis 'brought to life' Lamb Chop and Charlie Horse? (public domain)

Equally, Steve pointed out that Lucian's bold statements regarding the nature of Glycon's head and speech were mere supposition too. True, the notions that Lucian had put forward regarding the mechanisms by which a fake head could have been secretly operated by Alexander were nothing if not ingenious, but that is all that they were – notions, not facts. No physical evidence or direct eyewitness observations confirming them were presented by Lucian in support of his accusations, it was all speculation (and spiteful speculation at that) on his part, nothing more. Other, much less controversial options also existed but which Lucian never mentioned, such as ventriloquism to make Glycon speak, and a simple glove or sock puppet-like creation to make its fake head move and open its mouth (always assuming of course that a fake head really was present).

Moreover, we only have Lucian's very questionable testimony that Glycon actually talked at all! In fact, it is even possible that Lucian never actually saw Glycon or spoke to anyone who had done so, because, amazingly, his essay makes no mention whatsoever of Glycon's two most remarkable physical features – its human ears and blond hair. Conversely, whereas Lucian claimed that it possessed a human-like head, most of the physical depictions of Glycon currently known (i.e. the various coins and statues noted earlier by me in this article) actually portray it with a long-snouted head that is certainly more pythonesque than humanoid in appearance. If for no other reason than this, therefore, the authentic nature of the content of Lucian's essay clearly should not - can not - be taken in any way for granted.

Glycon portrayed upon a 2nd-Century AD Ionopolis coin (copyright holder unknown, despite considerable searches by me; reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use educational basis only)

Returning to the matter of the mobility and loquacity of Glycon's head, it would be very prudent here to quote Steve's take on Lucian's assertions regarding this:

In boasting that he knows how the trick was done, Lucian is plainly covering up the fact that this can only be a matter of conjecture. These conjectures may be very close to the truth; but they remain conjectures, not proof.

Steve also applied this same line of sound reasoning very successfully and convincingly to many other of Lucian's scathing claims masquerading as facts against Alexander. In addition, certain of Alexander's activities that Lucian deemed to be evidence of his fakery – most notably his retreating overnight into an inner, subterranean sanctuary called the adyton, in order to receive his oracles in peaceful solitude via dreams, and then reveal them publicly the following morning - were shown by Steve to be no different from those performed by various soothsayers and oracle-givers who had not been accused of or linked to fraud, such as the very famous, much-revered Oracle of Apollo at Claros, on the coast of Ionia in present-day Anatolia, Turkey.

'Chariot of Apollo', by Gustave Moreau, late 1800s (public domain)

Indeed, there is even a very relevant, present-day parallel, as Steve tellingly revealed in his own article:

The adyton is an underground chamber, and it's now known that withdrawal to a cave or subterranean chamber to obtain visions and mystic revelations was a common practice among Greek seers, being used similarly to a modern sensory deprivation tank.
          A COMPLETE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF MY BOOKS   

My first 25 books - click picture to enlarge (© Dr Karl Shuker)

Today is the fourth anniversary of my mother Mary Shuker's passing. I owe my lifelong love of reading, writing, and nature to Mom - her love for all wildlife nurtured my own from my earliest days, and her impeccable command of the English language tutored and guided my own throughout my life. Consequently, to commemorate and celebrate her kindly, positive, and truly immeasurable influence upon my entire existence and career, the present ShukerNature blog article is dedicated to my mother, and consists of a frequently-requested, currently-complete listing of all of the books that I have written, have acted as consultant for, have contributed to, or to which I have written a foreword. It will be updated whenever new books need to be added here.

Without you, Mom, none of my writings would have existed - God bless you, and thank you for the inestimable love, joy, happiness, and blessings that you gave to me and bestowed upon me by being in my life as my mother.

Mom and my Jack Russell terrier Patch during the mid-late 1970s (© Dr Karl Shuker)


Mystery Cats of the World: From Blue Tigers To Exmoor Beasts (Robert Hale Ltd: London, 1989)

Extraordinary Animals Worldwide (Robert Hale: London, 1991)

The Lost Ark: New and Rediscovered Animals of the 20th Century (HarperCollins: London, 1993)

Dragons: A Natural History (Aurum Press: London/Simon & Schuster: New York, 1995)

In Search of Prehistoric Survivors: Do Giant 'Extinct' Creatures Still Exist? (Blandford: London, 1995)

The Unexplained: An Illustrated Guide to the World's Natural and Paranormal Mysteries (Carlton Books: London/JG Press: North Dighton, 1996)

From Flying Toads To Snakes With Wings: From the Pages of FATE Magazine (Llewellyn Publications: St Paul, Minnesota,1997)

Mysteries of Planet Earth: An Encyclopedia of the Inexplicable (Carlton Books: London, 1999)

The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature (Reader's Digest: Pleasantville/Marshall Editions: London, 2001)

The New Zoo: New and Rediscovered Animals of the Twentieth Century [fully-updated, greatly-expanded, new edition of The Lost Ark] (House of Stratus Ltd: Thirsk, UK/House of Stratus Inc: Poughkeepsie, USA, 2002)

The Beasts That Hide From Man: Seeking the World's Last Undiscovered Animals (Paraview Press: New York, 2003)

Extraordinary Animals Revisited: From Singing Dogs To Serpent Kings (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2007)

Dr Shuker's Casebook: In Pursuit of Marvels and Mysteries (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2008)

Dinosaurs and Other Prehistoric Animals on Stamps: A Worldwide Catalogue (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2008)

Star Steeds and Other Dreams: The Collected Poems (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2009)

Karl Shuker's Alien Zoo: From the Pages of Fortean Times (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2010)

The Encyclopaedia of New and Rediscovered Animals: From the Lost Ark to the New Zoo - and Beyond (Coachwhip Publications: Landisville, 2012)

Cats of Magic, Mythology, and Mystery: A Feline Phantasmagoria (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2012)

Mirabilis: A Carnival of Cryptozoology and Unnatural History (Anomalist Books: San Antonio, 2013)

Dragons in Zoology, Cryptozoology, and Culture (Coachwhip Publications: Greenville, 2013)

The Menagerie of Marvels: A Third Compendium of Extraordinary Animals (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2014) 

A Manifestation of Monsters: Examining the (Un)Usual Subjects (Anomalist Books: San Antonio, 2015)

More Star Steeds and Other Dreams: The Collected Poems - 2015 Expanded Edition (Fortean Words: Bideford, 2015)

Here's Nessie! A Monstrous Compendium From Loch Ness (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2016)

Still In Search Of Prehistoric Survivors: The Creatures That Time Forgot? (Coachwhip Publications: Darke County, 2016)

Some alternative-cover editions of various of my books (© Dr Karl Shuker)

NB - Several of my books have also been published in editions sporting various alternative covers and/or titles, and/or also in various foreign-language editions, as demonstrated via the selections of examples depicted directly above and directly below this present paragraph, but for reasons of conciseness I have not itemised these editions separately here.

A selection of the many foreign-language editions of my book Dragons: A Natural History currently published - click picture to enlarge (those shown here are as follows - From left to right, top row: English, Czech, Italian, Spanish, and Japanese; bottom row: Estonian, Hungarian, German, Dutch, and French. There are others, but I don't have copies of them so far - publishers are not always good at sending complimentary copies to the authors!) (© Dr Karl Shuker) 

Consultant and also Contributor

Man and Beast (Reader's Digest: Pleasantville, New York, 1993)

Secrets of the Natural World (Reader's Digest: Pleasantville, New York, 1993)

Almanac of the Uncanny (Reader's Digest: Surry Hills, Australia, 1995)

The Guinness Book of Records/Guinness World Records 1998-present day (Guinness: London, 1997-present day)


Consultant

Monsters (Lorenz Books: London, 2001)


Contributor

Fortean Times Weird Year 1996 (Fortean Times/John Brown Publishing Ltd: London, 1996)

Mysteries of the Deep (Llewellyn: St Paul, 1998)

Guinness Amazing Future (Guinness: London, 1999) 

The Earth (Channel 4 Books: London, 2000) 

Chambers Dictionary of the Unexplained (Chambers: Edinburgh, 2007) 

Chambers Myths and Mysteries (Chambers: Edinburgh, 2008) 

The Fortean Times Paranormal Handbook (Dennis Publishing: London, 2009) 

Death Worm: Metamorphosis of the Allghoi Khorkhoi [in Russian] (Salamandra P.V.V.: Moscow, 2014) 

Folk Horror Revival: Field Studies (Wyrd Harvest Press/Lulu, 2015) 

Tales of the Damned: An Anthology of Fortean Horror (Fortean Fiction: Bideford, 2016)

Plus numerous contributions to the Centre for Fortean Zoology's Animals and Men Yearbooks, Fortean Studies volumes, and various other annual publications.


Contributor (CD ROM Format)

Of Monsters and Miracles (Croydon Museum Services & Interactive Designs Ltd: Oxton, 1995)


Editor

Journal of Cryptozoology [currently the world's only peer-reviewed scientific journal devoted to cryptozoology] (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2012-present day)


Contributor of Foreword to Other Authors' Books

DOWNES, Jonathan, The Smaller Mystery Carnivores of the Westcountry (CFZ Publications: Exwick, 1996) 

SCREETON, Paul, Whisht Lads and Haad Yor Gobs: The Lambton Worm and Other Northumbrian Dragon Legends (Northeast Press Ltd: Pennywell, 1998) 

BEER, Trevor, Trevor Beer's Nature Watch (Halsgrove: Tiverton, 1998) 

BEER, Endymion, Down Ferny Lane (Edward Gaskell: Bideford, 2005) 

JAMES, Corinna, and DOWNES, Jonathan (eds) CFZ Expedition Report 2006 Gambia (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2006) 

ARNOLD, Neil, Monster! The A-Z of Zooform Phenomena (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2007) 

DOWNES, Jonathan, and DOWNES, Corinna (eds), CFZ Expedition Report 2007 Guyana (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2007)

WOODLEY, Michael A., In the Wake of Bernard Heuvelmans: An Introduction to the History and Future of Sea Serpent Classification (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2008) 

DOWNES, Jonathan (ed.), CFZ Expedition Report 2008 Russia (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2008) 

MOLLOY, Nick, Predator Deathmatch (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2009) 

FREEMAN, Richard, CFZ Expedition Report 2010 India (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2010) 

PACIOREK, Andrew L., Strange Lands: A Field-Guide to the Celtic Otherworld (Andrew L. Paciorek: Howden-le-Wear, 2011) 

GERHARD, Ken, Encounters With Flying Humanoids: Mothman, Manbirds, Gargoyles and Other Winged Beasts (Llewellyn Publications: St Paul, Minnesota, 2013) 

LANG, Rebecca (ed.) The Tasmanian Tiger: Extinct or Extant? (Strange Nation Publishing: Sydney, 2014) 

MUIRHEAD, Richard, Muirhead's Mysteries (CFZ Press: Bideford, 2016)

Something different - how various of my books' front covers would look if viewed as negatives (© Dr Karl Shuker)






          UFO-LOGICAL ENCOUNTERS OF THE INSECT KIND?   

Computer-generated rendition of what a UFO consisting of a large swarm of glowing insects may look like – image produced specifically for my book Mysteries of Planet Earth (© Tim Brown/Carlton Books)

As long ago as the early 1800s, there had been speculation among various scientists that some unusual lights and other luminous objects seen in the sky may have an entomological explanation. To quote one such believer, German astronomer Dr Johann Elert Bode, commenting in 1823:

Fatuous fires, torches, flaming jets and other luminous phenomena have the same character as falling meteorites, of which they differ only by their dimensions. They may also have their origin in dense and heavy evaporations of the lower layers of the air, evaporations that emit a phosphorescent light and to which the wind impresses them movement and casual forms...Sometimes these phenomena are not meteors, but large swarms of luminous insects, who fly often at night.

Even the famous Swiss psychoanalyst Prof. Carl Jung had considered such a prospect, noting in 1961: "I must confess that in reading the numerous UFO relations I also came up with the idea that the characteristic behaviour of UFOs resembles especially that of certain insects".

Dr Johann Elert Bode (left) and Prof. Carl Gustav Jung (right) (Wikipedia/public domain)

Moreover, during the 1960s and 1970s, amateur scientist Norton T. Novitt, a scientific illustrator from Denver, in Colorado, USA, attracted attention from ufologists and entomologists alike by virtue of his own interest in the possibility that certain UFO sightings featured insect swarms that had somehow been rendered luminous. This idea stemmed from a sighting that he had made one day of two glowing winged ants in flight, their apparent luminosity actually constituting reflected sunlight. Some species of ant grow wings and engage in mass nuptial flights at certain times of the year, and as these mating swarms can contain several million insects, they often attain a very considerable size - large enough to resemble glowing orbs in the sky if there is sufficient sunlight to bounce back to earth from the swarms. Even so, luminous UFO sightings made at night could not be explained by this theory - or could they?

As described by Robert Chapman in his book Unidentified Flying Objects (1968), Novitt wondered whether it was conceivable that flying ants could generate their own luminosity (i.e. as distinct from merely reflecting rays of sunlight). To pursue this piquant line of speculation, he attached some winged ants to a ping-pong ball, which in turn was connected by a thin wire to a static generator placed in a darkened room - and sure enough, when the generator was set in motion, the ants' bodies began to glow brightly. Although certainly interesting, such an experiment may appear rather futile at first, because in the natural world (as Chapman drily commented in his own coverage of Novitt's researches) ants are not normally attached to generators!

Winged ants swarming for nuptial flight (© fir0002/flagstaffotos.com.au/Wikipedia – GFDL 1.2 licence)

However, it just so happens that nuptial flights of winged ants often take to the air shortly after thunderstorms - weather conditions that give rise to very strong atmospheric electrical fields. Under such conditions, it is quite likely that the swarms would indeed glow, and with a light strong enough to be easily observable at night. In addition, swarming winged ants may even create their own static electricity by rubbing together while in flight. So perhaps some UFO reports on record were inspired by swarms of flying ants after all. In a similar vein, moreover, Novitt also suggested that certain UFOs may be floating masses of gossamer (spider silk) carried aloft by the wind that sparkle and glow with static electricity, thereby echoing theories regarding the phenomenon of angel hair.

Dr Leonard Loeb, a former professor of physics at the University of California, has opined that Novitt's theories are: "interesting, original, and perhaps true". Loeb estimated that a fully-loaded swarm of 30 million flying ants could flicker intermittently for periods of more than a second in unfavourable conditions, or up to nearly a minute in favourable environments.

Spruce budworm moth and caterpillar (© Natural Rsources Canada, reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

A few UFOs may have involved swarms of moths. In a paper published by the journal Applied Opticsin 1978, insect behaviouralists Drs Philip Callahan and R.W. Mankin from the U.S.A. provided independent support for Novitt's findings by revealing that light can be generated by placing specimens of North America's spruce budworm moth Choristoneura fumiferana in electrical fields. This discovery confirmed that during those weather conditions when the air is heavily charged with electricity, insects are capable of emitting light.

Of course, the amount emitted by each insect would be minute, but as migrating swarms of spruce budworm moths can measure up to 60 miles long and 15 miles wide, the total amount of light emitted per swarm would be of very appreciable magnitude - more than enough, surely, to mimic a glowing UFO. And as Callahan and Mankin pointed out, it is noticeable that a number of UFO sightings of this latter type that they have analysed occurred at times when mass migrations of this moth species would be expected. In February 1979, a short coverage of their findings was published by the scientific journal Nature, in which it was mentioned that the then-current UFO wave in Uintah Basin, Utah, USA, might be due to swarms of flying insects emitting a corona discharge, i.e. an electrical discharge caused by the ionisation of the air surrounding their electrically-charged bodies when in flight.


This ShukerNature blog article is adapted from my book Mysteries of Planet Earth: An Encyclopedia of the Inexplicable.






          SHEDDING LIGHT ON (AND BY) THE SEA MOUSE - FURRY BODY BUT LOTS OF LEGS!   

Photo-still from online video clip whose 'mystery creature' is simply a species of polychaete worm, quite probably allied to the sea mouse (© ownership of video clip currently unknown to me – photo-still included here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

In recent times, several correspondents have drawn my attention to a brief video clip in gif format circulating widely online (view it here, for instance, where it was posted on 4 September 2016). The source of the photo-still that opens this present ShukerNature blog article, the video clip showcases in close-up a most intriguing sea creature, not very big but very distinctive nonetheless. No information accompanies the clip, however, so what could the animal be? Many different identities have been proposed online, some decidedly imaginative, but in reality this putative cryptid is merely a polychaete worm, and may well be allied to a particular favourite one of mine - namely, a certain many-legged mouse mimic from the marine world, and to which the remainder of this article is now devoted.

In stormy weather, the sea may throw up onto coastal beaches a truly amazing little saltwater denizen that often fools the unwary observer. At first sight, it resembles a large, fat, wet mouse, around 4-8 inlong and 3 inwide, covered in what looks like soft greyish-brown fur. And as it creeps across the sand, it moves quite like a mouse too. Yet closer observation will reveal that it does not have any kind of readily recognisable head. Nor does it have a real mouse's familiar long thin tail.

German colour plate from 1922 illustrating various marine worms, including a sea mouse (right) (public domain)

The biggest surprise will come, however, if the observer should attempt to pick up this animal, because if he does, and then turns it over onto its back, an incredible surprise will be exposed. Instead of having just four legs, this amazing animal has lots and lots - all in pairs that run down the whole length of its body. Moreover, it has a pair of short tentacles at the front of its body, and its two eyes are on stalks.

For this is not a mouse at all, but is actually a truly extraordinary type of polychaete sea worm. Instead of being long and very thin like many such worms, however, it is squat and fat, and because of its deceptively mouse-like fur and movements, it is known scientifically as the sea mouse. There are many species, most of which belong to the genus Aphrodita, and frequently occur in the North, Mediterranean, and Baltic Seas, and in the Atlantic Ocean. The most familiar species, and the one described and dealt with predominantly by me here, is the common sea mouse Aphrodita aculeata, which is regularly encountered around Britain's coasts. Also well known is the southern sea mouse A. australis, but this aptly-named species exists much further afield, being native to coastal waters around southern Australia and New Zealand.

Southern sea mice – one displayed ventrally (above), the other one dorsally (below) (public domain)

Belonging to the polychaete class of annelids or segmented worms, the sea mouse's closest relatives include the lugworm, the fanworms, and the many-legged ragworms that live in the sea, and under normal conditions it lives in burrows in shallow coastal waters, but some specimens have also been found at depths of almost 10,000 ft. And whereas mammalian mice are generally herbivorous, this marine namesake is an active nocturnal carnivore, remaining half-buried in sand and devouring unsuspecting small crabs and even other polychaete worms that stray within its predatory reach, including specimens much longer than itself.

As for the sea mouse's 'fur', this is actually a mass of soft felt-like bristles called setae, covering several pairs of scales that in turn cover its back. These scales protect its gills, with which it breathes, extracting oxygen from water pumped by its own muscular activity into its burrow, and the setae prevent the gills from becoming clogged with sand. The setae at the edges of the sea mouse's body are normally deep-red, not greyish-brown like those on its back, but they will gleam brightly with vivid blue and green stripes whenever sunlight falls directly upon them – a spectacular structural colouration effect achieved by numerous hexagonal cylinders within these peripheral setae, and performing far more efficiently than man-made optical fibres, as revealed by research published in 2012. Moreover, this very eyecatching activity in turn constitutes a highly effective defence mechanism, because it startles and thereby warns off potential predators of the sea mouse – all of which is something that not even the fur of the cleanest mammalian mouse can ever accomplish!

Beautiful colour illustration by okapi-discoverer Sir Harry Johnston depicting a selection of marine worms, including a sea mouse at the bottom-left corner, from Marvels of the Universe, Vol. 2 (1927) (public domain)





          Wordpress Hacker Bot Surge - Trojan/Zombie/Botnet WordPress Spam Blogs   
Hey folks - as many of you already know, I'm not a Wordpress fan (i.e., bias - MyST Blogsite), but I am a fan of stopping hackers and other nefarious web activity that threatens businesses. While reviewing some real time tada a few minutes ago, I noticed more than 400 Wordpress Hacker Bots attacking one of our server banks just in the last 10 minutes. Thankfully we have some very sophisticated defense systems that protect our blogsite clients, but most Wordpress sites are unable to defend against security breaches that are reident in Wordpress to begin with. I've read many posts on AR where folks using Wordpress are particularly angry about being hacked, but I have a hunch that Wordpress itself is a big part of the problem. Perhaps (as a group) you should look carefully at your server logs and see what services are actually running lots of outbound requests and where they are going. I suspect those of you that are unknowingly harboring this threat might be able to apply a security patch or correction to remove this nasty beast. Kevin Burton didn't have a fix back in March, but he did know what it was - Trojan/ZombieBotnet. The data below shows a pattern representing more than 2 million requests in one day by more than 3,000 total bots hitting just one of our many servers. This is up more than 50% in the last few days, so this trojan worm seems to be spreading and it's doing so on many versions of Wordpress. Read more about compromised Wordpress blogs.
          "The Strain" - Ancient Vampirism   


From TorontoFilm.Net, Sneak Peek more new footage, plus images from the Toronto-lensed 'vampire' horror series "The Strain", created by Guillermo del Toro and Chuck Hogan, based on their novel trilogy of the same name, premiering Season Four with the episode "The Worm Turns", July 16, 2017 on FX:


"...'Dr. Ephraim Goodweather', the head of the 'Center for Disease Control Canary Team' in New York City is called upon to investigate a mysterious viral outbreak...


"...with hallmarks of an ancient and evil strain of vampirism..."


In "The The Worm Turns", written by Carlton Cuse and Chuck Hogan, directed by J. Miles Dale":


"...out of the ashes of humanity’s nuclear war, 'Night Eternal' has begun. Haunted by the atrocities committed by his son, 'Eph' abandons NYC for Philadelphia. His solitude is cut short when he encounters new fighters who rekindle his drive to fight back. Tasked by 'Setrakian', 'Fet' and 'Quinlan' search for a new means of stopping the 'Master'..."


Click the images to enlarge and Sneak Peek "The Strain" Season Four...



          【知识】6月29日 - 每日安全知识热点   
【知识】6月29日 - 每日安全知识热点

2017-06-29 11:34:38

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来源: 安全客





【知识】6月29日 - 每日安全知识热点

作者:天朝第一渣渣roots01





【知识】6月29日 - 每日安全知识热点

热点概要:网络攻击后,联邦快递暂停其股票交易、震惊!NotPetya是网络武器而不是勒索软件、星巴克官网博客评论区存在存储型xss、偏执的PlugX病毒(分析)、USE-AFTER-SILENCE: vMware悄然修补UAF漏洞、专家发现Skype中存在一个关键的远程缓冲区溢出漏洞、


资讯类:

网络攻击后,联邦快递暂停其股票交易

https://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/after-cyber-attack-fedex-temporarily-halts-trading-of-its-shares/d/d-id/1329244?_mc=RSS_DR_EDT


震惊!NotPetya是网络武器而不是勒索软件

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/surprise-notpetya-is-a-cyber-weapon-its-not-ransomware/


【图文直播】WCTF世界黑客大师赛

http://bobao.360.cn/ctf/activity/452.html



技术类:

GSoC(谷歌代码之夏)Phase1: Timeless Debugger Update (Timeless Debugger 是一种新的调试模式,它非常类似于反向调试、记录和重放。)

https://rkx1209.github.io/2017/06/28/gsoc-phase1-timeless-debugger-update.html


在HitmanPro独立扫描版本3.7.15-Build 281中确定漏洞(CVE-2017-6008)—windows 7

http://trackwatch.com/kernel-pool-overflow-exploitation-in-real-world-windows-7/


星巴克官网博客评论区存在存储型xss

https://hackerone.com/reports/218226


使用radare2分析恶意软件

http://unlogic.co.uk/2017/06/28/malwaring-with-r2/index.html


RunShellcode:小巧的shellcode运行工具

https://github.com/zerosum0x0/RunShellcode


偏执的PlugX病毒(分析)

https://researchcenter.paloaltonetworks.com/2017/06/unit42-paranoid-plugx/


USE-AFTER-SILENCE: vMware悄然修补UAF漏洞

https://www.zerodayinitiative.com/blog/2017/6/26/use-after-silence-exploiting-a-quietly-patched-uaf-in-vmware


新的勒索,旧技术:Petya 增加了蠕虫能力(微软官方分析)

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mmpc/2017/06/27/new-ransomware-old-techniques-petya-adds-worm-capabilities/


专家发现Skype中存在一个关键的远程缓冲区溢出漏洞。

http://securityaffairs.co/wordpress/60507/hacking/skype-buffer-overflow.html




【知识】6月29日 - 每日安全知识热点
【知识】6月29日 - 每日安全知识热点
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本文地址:http://bobao.360.cn/learning/detail/4041.html

          ROTC at Marquette University   
Please read this essay before reading mine, because I have responded to this piece: http://www.nonviolentworm.org/NonviolentActions/ToMakePeaceStopTeachingWar Both articles are long, but I hope you enjoy! A response to Bob Graf’s essay, ‘To Make Peace, Stop Teaching War’. Since I was a freshman at Marquette, I have always seen our ROTC program as an influential and positive […]
           1/35 Sci-Fi Supplies #1 - "Infantry style ammo cans, boxes" (27 pieces)    
1/35 Sci-Fi Supplies #1 - - 27 Original Pieces Unique To This Set
- Infantry style ammo cans, boxes, and whatever else you imagine you can use it for.... Brains? Blood? Plasma? Borgovian Land Worms? Nano Bot Ammo? Jaffa Head Wax? Captain Kirks Mojo? Apples? Disc Weapon Projec

Buy Now
           1/35 Sci-Fi Supplies #1 - "Fuel Drums" (13 pieces)    
1/35 Sci-Fi Supplies #1 - - 13 Original Pieces Unique To This Set
- Fuel drum style set and whatever else you imagine you can use it for.... Brains? Blood? Plasma? Borgovian Land Worms? Nano Bot Ammo? Jaffa Head Wax? Captain Kirks Mojo? Apples? Disc Weapon Projectiles? You ar

Buy Now
          Adopt Waylon & Willie a Maine Coon, Tabby (Waylon & Willie (Petfinder.com))   
Cats listed here have entered our program and have received a basic level of veterinarian care including: vaccines (FVRCP and Rabies); bloodwork (FIV and FeLV testing); deworm and deflea; spay or neuter; veterinarian exam. Each pet comes with 1 free veterinarian follow up co... see more at Petfinder.com

          TULIP - Female Chihuahua Mix (Advertigo)   
Tulip is very lovable and loves to be held. She is wks and . lbs. She has sets of baby shots and wormings. She has started her heartworm prevention. She will be fixed and micro-chipped as soon as confirmation.Adoption payment is .... More Details Images and contact details on Advertigo website.

          raised around small Chihuahua - Female Chihuahua Mix (Advertigo)   
Lil Tito has been raised around small Chihuahua kids and loves playing with them.He is micro chipped and up to date on his shots and worming. kindly contact me directly and pics at () xx x ... More Info Pictures and contact details on Advertigo website.

          LOTUS - Female Chihuahua Mix (Advertigo)   
Lotus is spunky but when being held she is a snuggler . She has sets of shots and wormings. She has started her hearrm prevention. She will be fixed and micro-chipped as soon as i get confirmation of date.Adoption payment is .... More Info Images and contact information on Advertigo website.

          ROSE - Female Chihuahua Mix (Advertigo)   
Rose is cute with personality. She is wks and lbs. She has sets of shots and wormings. She has started her heartworm prevention. She will be fixed and micro-chipped as soon as i get connfirmation on appt.Adoption charge is .... More Info Photos and contact info on Advertigo website.

          PIXIE - Female Chihuahua (Advertigo)   
Pixie is a true chi. She has a little spice to her. She is lovable but when she says no it means no. ) She is great with the other dogs and just ignores the cats. She is around yrs and lbs. She is vaccinated and wormed. She is fixed and micro chipped. She tested negative for hearrms and started prevention. Come see Pixie if you like alittle spice. )Adoption charge . documents ready to go... More Info Images and contact info on Advertigo website.

          White Female Apple head CHIHUAHUA *Powder Puff (NextDayPets) $3,250   
Powder Puff is available to the right home. Very sweet, White, spunky, shorthair chihuahua female puppy. She loves to give kisses and could cuddle all day. She loves her baby toys and doesn't meet a stranger. Potty Pad training in progress.. Shots, wormed and registered. Credit Cards accepted. Crate and Health Certificate if shipping only. Pick ups welcome and preferred. We are located in Houston Texas, Call or email

          What you need to know about rat lungworm disease on Maui   

Since the influx of media reporting about residents and visitors being infected with rat lungworm disease (RLWD) on the Big Island and Maui, there’s been a lot of fear in regards to buying and eating produce grown in the Hawaiian Islands. When I’m eating at restaurants, I’m asking servers if their making certain dishes with […]

The post What you need to know about rat lungworm disease on Maui appeared first on Maui Time.


          Drew Toonz: Attack of the Rat Lung Worm Slugs!   

Illustration: Andrew Miller

The post Drew Toonz: Attack of the Rat Lung Worm Slugs! appeared first on Maui Time.


          Research Technician / Research Assistant - Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation - Oklahoma City, OK   
Animal husbandry (worms, flies, fish, mice, etc.), molecular biology (e.g., cloning and PCR), microbiology/sterile technique, cell culture, protein biochemistry...
From Indeed - Tue, 30 May 2017 18:17:43 GMT - View all Oklahoma City, OK jobs
          cute male and female yorkie (Advertigo)   
I have a beautitul little female yorkshire terrier puppy for sale. She is very small and cute she is coming weeks old and have had her frist shot and worming is all up to date. She is already to go to a great and loving homeand is going to make some a very special companion. For more details please call me at xxxx PS her ears will stand when she gets older. Photos and contact details on Advertigo website.

          AKC Yorkshire Terriers (Advertigo)   
Contact Email Advertiser () -XXXX AKC Yorkie Puppies born March are now ready for their forever homes. Their tails docked declaws removed de-wormed and st shot. Full grown w of the male puppies should weigh approx pounds to pounds depending on which puppy. The smaller male is and the other are . They have been raised in my home and are well socialized and almost completely pad trained I am located in Vacaville Ca.Please call or for further info.... Images and contact details on Advertigo website.

          weeks old powerful baby boy nice healthy yorkie strong puppy (Advertigo)   
Sweet weeks old powerful baby boy good healthy yorkie strong puppy loving energetic puppy looking for a new home. We ask that the owners have room for him to play as he is a very playful dog being a yorkie. up to date on shots has g through an obedience course. loves to fetch and go for walks has truly been my little sidekick our home no longer allows pets so sadly we would need to re home him. He s wks old open to offers.....rehoming yorkie pups. I have females and male wks old.have had 1st round of puppy shots tails docked wormed dew claws removed. mom and dad are in the home. dad is registered mom is not. Dad weighs . lbs mom weighs . lbs. Rehoming charges for male is each Images and contact information on Advertigo website.

          Lebai Wasatiyah Akan Jadi Santa Claus   

Najib umum RM80 juta untuk Lapangan Terbang Sandakan

Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak mengumumkan peruntukan sebanyak RM80 juta bagi projek naik taraf landasan Lapangan Terbang Sandakan yang akan dimulakan pada pertengahah tahun ini.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kalau Lebai Wasatiyah nak jadi Santa Claus tak pelik. Rambut putih, misai putih, kalau berjambang pun kompom putih, perut gendut, tinggi pun lebih kurang mat Saleh.

Cuma jangan suruh Mat Sabu & Satipul Bahri jadi Santa Claus udah le.

Kahkahkah!

Dol,

PRU dah dekat ni duit bukan lagi bersimpang-siur dalam bentuk lori 2 tan. Tapi dalam bentuk lori kontena.

Orang Sandakan dapat RM80 juta utk repair airport. Selepas ini berjutalah pelancong masuk Sabah. Selepas ini orang Sandakan ke hulu ke hilir naik kapal terbang.

Projek Jamban Jambatan Manong Kuala Kangsar akan dibuat pecah tanah kali ke-6 selepas ini. Syukuuuuuur.... pangkah HAMNO!

Hospital Rembau akan siap sebelum hujung tahun ini. Pheww!

Hospital Parit Buntar pun nampaknya dah mula buat kerja tanam cerucuk. Kahkahkah! Syukurrrr... ramai Bangla boleh cari makan. Ramai Cina Doll boleh menadah. Nikmat-nikmat.

Kahkahkah!

Dol, pandang kiri kanan. Bermacam-macam projek dibangunkan utk kesejahteraan rakyat.

Tak lama lagi harga getah akan naik ke RM5-00 sekilo setelah hampir 4 tahun merempat menggigil ditahap RM1-90 sekilo.

Harga sawit pun akan naik juga. Peneroka FELDA tak akan dilupakan jasanya. Semoga dapat lupakan sekejap GST, harga gula tepung beras petrol yg melambung.

Kahkahkah!

Projek sana-sini Dol, habis kontang pasir sungai belakang rumah lu nanti nak buat bangunan.

Kahkahkah!!!

Lebai walaon jangan risau. Keretapi bawak kuah ini akan sampai juga ditempat anda.

Apa yg lebai perlu lakukan cuma, kena kenal kawan-kepada-kawan-kepada-kawan-kepada-lebai-kepada kawan orang rapat Lebai Wasatiyah.

Cuma dgn satu panggilan talipon, lebai walaon boleh memungut sebijik 4WD Fortuner & sebijik 4WD Land Rover sebagai hadiah jadi orang tengah. Eh tak salah! Mana ada salah. Nikmat nikmat.

Tak payah susah-susah, Lebai Walaon cuma perlu cakap "anta kenal ente, ente kenal kawan anta, ente bagi projek jute-jute le"

Kahkahkah!!!