753805 - Villa for sale in Sierra Blanca, Marbella, Málaga, Spain, 4,900,000 EUR   

Exclusive villa for sale in Sierra Blanca, Marbella GOlden Mile.
          753802 - Apartment for sale in Costalita, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 350,000 EUR   

Residential complex Costalita is located on the seashore and benefits from its great popularity amongst tourists. Inside the complex there is 24 hour
          753798 - Duplex Penthouse for sale in Atalaya Golf, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 435,000 EUR   

Duplex penthouse with panoramic mountain and sea views, inside the 24h security luxury urbanization El Campanario. Located close to all amenities and furniture
          753795 - Villa for sale in La Alquería, Benahavís, Málaga, Spain, 1,950,000 EUR   

Very nicely presented, completely refurbished villa in La Alqueria. This villa comes completely furnished and decorated by a prestigious interior designer
          753790 - Villa for sale in Marbesa, Marbella, Málaga, Spain, 1,290,000 EUR   

A very special villa with indenpendent guest house, beautiful sea views and close to the beach, shops, medical care and restaurants. The tasteful architecture
          753788 - Townhouse for sale in El Paraiso, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 295,000 EUR   

          753786 - Townhouse for sale in El Paraiso, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 275,000 EUR   

          753789 - Apartment for sale in Fuengirola, Málaga, Spain, 168,000 EUR   

A fantastic two bedroom apartment around 107 m2 with private glazed terrace. Originally a three bedroom apartment but the current owner took out one bedroom
          753783 - Villa for sale in Santa Ponsa, Calvià, Mallorca, Baleares, Spain, 1,399,000 EUR   

This spacious property is situated in a quiet area between Santa Ponsa and Costa de la Calma and was completely renovated in 2016 and is ready for to move
          753782 - House for sale in Tarifa, Cádiz, Spain, 315,000 EUR   

Modern townhouses for sale located in new development in Tarifa. Only the last 2 units remain in this fabulous row of townhouses available to buy off
          753781 - Townhouse for sale in El Paraiso, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 250,000 EUR   

          753775 - Villa for sale in Isdabe, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 1,375,000 EUR   

Superb villa for sale in the area of the luxury residential El Presidente, between Marbella and Estepona, with private swimming pool, well maintain gardens
          753772 - Villa for sale in Atalaya, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 3,250,000 EUR   

          753771 - Studio for sale in New Golden Mile Playa, Estepona, Málaga, Spain, 76,000 EUR   

BEACH FRONT STUDIO A middle floor, frontline studio apartment along the New Golden Mile. An unbeatable location right on the beach while also very close
          753769 - Apartment for sale in San Pedro de Alcántara, Marbella, Málaga, Spain, 222,000 EUR   

MIDDLE FLOOR APARTMENT IN SAN PEDRO CENTER One of the few developments in the heart of San pedro de Alcantara town with community grounds and a large
          753776 - Apartment for sale in Calanova Golf, Mijas, Málaga, Spain, 195,000 EUR   

Beautifully presented two bedroom apartment in the popular Mijas Golf Valley, within walking distance to the Calanova Golf Club House and just 5 minutes
          753765 - Penthouse for sale in El Faro, Mijas, Málaga, Spain, 145,000 EUR   

This penthouse is located in a lovely urbanization in El Faro only 10 minutes away from Fuengirola and from La Cala de Mijas with all their amenities and
          753763 - Apartment for sale in Torrox, Málaga, Spain, 325,000 EUR   

2-bedroom apartment for sale located in Torrox in La Costa del Sol, in the south coast of Spain. The property has stunning sea views. This home is in perfect
          753761 - Villa for sale in La Cala de Mijas, Mijas, Málaga, Spain, 850,000 EUR   

          753760 - Villa for sale in Marbella Club Golf Resort, Benahavís, Málaga, Spain, 1,350,000 EUR   

This brand new villa was built in 2016, has a license and all the necessary certificates, ready to move in right now. The main advantages in the planning
          Student flies from Newcastle to London via Spain… because it’s cheaper than taking train (VIDEO)   
Preview A British student traveled from Newcastle to London via the Spanish island of Menorca after finding out that it was considerably cheaper than taking a train from northern to southern England.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Hola Media Group Announces the Appointment of James Costos, Former U.S. Ambassador to Spain and Andorra, as Senior U.S. Advisor   
NEW YORK, June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Hola Media Group, the Spanish international media company which largely targets the Hispanic market, and specializes in celebrity, lifestyle and entertainment news, announces today the appointment of Ambassador James Costos as Senior U.S. Advisor,...
          England? Spain? Italy? Germany? What really is the best league in the world?   

There have been many arguments over the years about which domestic league is the best in the world. Out of Europe’s top four – England, Spain, Italy and Germany – which league really stands out from the rest? English Premier League The Premier league is by far the most exciting to watch on a weekly […]

Article link: England? Spain? Italy? Germany? What really is the best league in the world?. Written by Christian Montegan, on The Roar - Your Sports Opinion.

          Global shipping feels fallout from Maersk cyber attack   

By Jonathan Saul

LONDON (Reuters) - Global shipping is still feeling the effects of a cyber attack that hit A.P. Moller-Maersk two days ago, showing the scale of the damage a computer virus can unleash on the technology dependent and inter-connected industry.

About 90 percent of world trade is transported by sea, with ships and ports acting as the arteries of the global economy. Ports increasingly rely on communications systems to keep operations running smoothly, and any IT glitches can create major disruptions for complex logistic supply chains.

The cyber attack was among the biggest-ever disruptions to hit global shipping. Several port terminals run by a Maersk division, including in the United States, India, Spain, the Netherlands, were still struggling to revert to normal operations on Thursday after experiencing massive disruptions.

South Florida Container Terminal, for example, said dry cargo could not be delivered and no container would be received. Anil Diggikar, chairman of JNPT port, near the Indian commercial hub of Mumbai, told Reuters that he did not know "when exactly the terminal will be running smoothly".

His uncertainty was echoed by Maersk itself, which told Reuters that a number of IT systems were still shut down and that it could not say when normal business operations would be resumed.

It said it was not able to comment on specific questions regarding the breach of its IT systems or the state of its cyber security as it had "all available hands focused on practical stuff and getting things back to normal".

The impact of the attack on the company has reverberated across the industry given its position as the world's biggest container shipping line and also operator of 76 ports via its APM Terminals division.

Container ships transport much of the world's consumer goods and food, while dry bulk ships haul commodities including coal and grain and tankers carry vital oil and gas supplies.

"As Maersk is about 18 percent of all container trade, can you imagine the panic this must be causing in the logistic chain of all those cargo owners all over the world?" said Khalid Hashim, managing director of Precious Shipping, one of Thailand's largest dry cargo ship owners.

"Right now none of them know where any of their cargoes (or)containers are. And this 'black hole' of lack of knowledge will continue till Maersk are able to bring back their systems on line."


The computer virus, which researchers are calling GoldenEye or Petya, began its spread on Tuesday in Ukraine and affected companies in dozens of countries.

Maersk said the attack had caused outages at its computer systems across the world.

In an example of the turmoil that ensued, the unloading of vessels at the group's Tacoma terminal was severely slowed on Tuesday and Wednesday, said Dean McGrath, president of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 23 there.

The terminal is a key supply line for the delivery of domestic goods such as milk and groceries and construction materials to Anchorage, Alaska.

"They went back to basics and did everything on paper," McGrath said.

Ong Choo Kiat, President of U-Ming Marine Transport, Taiwan's largest dry bulk ship owner, said the fact Maersk had been affected rang alarm bells for the whole shipping industry as the Danish company was regarded as a leader in IT technology.

"But they ended up one of the first few casualties. I therefore conclude that shipping is lacking behind the other industry in term of cyber security," he said.

"How long would it takes to catch up? I don't know. But recently all owners and operators are definitely more aware of the risk of cyber security and beginning to pay more attention to it."

In a leading transport survey by international law firm Norton Rose Fulbright published this week, 87 percent of respondents from the shipping industry believed cyber attacks would increase over the next five years - a level that was higher than counterparts in the aviation, rail and logistics industries.


Apart from the reliance on computer systems, ships themselves are increasingly exposed to interference through electronic navigation devices such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) and lack the backup systems airliners have to prevent crashes, according to cyber security experts.

There were no indications that GPS and other electronic navigation aids were affected by this week's attack, but security specialists say such systems are vulnerable to signal loss from deliberate jamming by hackers.

Last year, South Korea said hundreds of fishing vessels had returned early to port after its GPS signals were jammed by North Korea, which denied responsibility.

"The Maersk attack raises our awareness of the vulnerability of shipping and ports to technological failure," said Professor David Last, a previous president of Britain's Royal Institute of Navigation.

"When GPS fails, ships' captains lose their principal means of navigation and much of their communications and computer links. They have to slow down and miss port schedules," said Last, who is also a strategic advisor to the General Lighthouse Authorities of the UK and Ireland.

A number of countries including the UK and the United States are looking into deploying a radar based back up navigation system for ships called eLoran, but this will take time to develop.

David Nordell, head of strategy and policy for London-based think tank, the Centre for Strategic Cyberspace and Security Science, said the global shipping and port industries were vulnerable to cyber attack, because their operating technologies tend to be old.

"It's certainly possible to imagine that two container ships, or, even worse, oil or gas tankers, could be hacked into colliding, resulting in loss of life and cargo, and perhaps total loss of the vessels," Nordell said.

"Carried out in a strategically sensitive location such as the Malacca Straits or the Bosphorus, a collision like this could block shipping for enough time to cause serious dislocations to trade."


Cyber risks also pose challenges for insurance cover.

In a particularly secretive industry, information about the nature of cyber attacks is still scarce, which insurance and shipping officials say is an obstacle to mitigating the risk, which means there are gaps in insurance cover available.

"There has been a lot of non-reporting (of breaches) on ships, and we’re trying efforts where even if there could be anonymous reporting on a platform so we can start to get the information and the data," said Andrew Kinsey, senior marine consultant at insurer Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty.

There is also a gap in provision, because most existing cyber or hull insurance policies - which insure the ship itself - will not cover the risk of a navigation system being jammed or physical damage to the ship caused by a hacking attack.

"The industry is just waking up to its vulnerability," said Colin Gillespie, deputy director of loss prevention with ship insurer North.

"Perhaps it is time for insurers, reinsurers, ship operators and port operators to sit down together and consider these risks in detail. A collective response is needed - we are all under attack."

(Additional reporting by Jacob Gronholt-Pedersen in Copenhagen, Keith Wallis and Carolyn Cohn in London, Euan Rocha in Mumbai, Miyoung Kim in Singapore, Alexander Cornwell in Dubai, Michael Hirtzer in Chicago, Noor Zainab Hussain in Bangalore, Adam Jourdan and Shanghai newsroom; Editing by Pravin Char)

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          세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008   

세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008

세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008(UCI Road World Championships 2008)은, 2008년 9월 23일부터 9월 28일까지, 이탈리아바레이제로 개최되었다.

 ←  세계 선수권 자전거 경기 대회 로드 레이스 2008  → 
이탈리아의 기 이타리바레이제
레이스 상세
개최일 2008년 9월 22일~9월 28일
레이스 결과
우승 이탈리아의 기 알렉산드로・밧란(남자 로드)
독일의 기 벨트・그라프슈(남자 ITT)
영국의 기 니콜・쿡(여자 로드)
아메리카 합중국의 기 엠버・네 벤(여자 ITT)
콜롬비아의 기 파비오・두아르테(남자 U23 로드)
이탈리아의 기 아드리아노・마로리(남자 U23ITT)



남자 엘리트 개인 로드 레이스

9월 28일(일)260.25 km
선수명 국적 시간
  알렉산드로・밧란   이탈리아 6시간 37분 30초
2 타미아노・쿠네고   이탈리아 +03초
3 마티・치우침 쉘   덴마크
4 다비데・레벳린   이탈리아
5 앤드 리・그리후코   우크라이나
6 호아킨・로드리게스   스페인
7 화비언・베크만   독일
8 크리스티앙・환 베르거   오스트리아
9 닉・뉴이엔스   벨기에
10 로베르토・헤이신크   네델란드
11 유르헨・팬호-렌   벨기에
12 토마스・르브크비스트   스웨덴
13 크리스안켈・세렌센   덴마크 +06초
14 앗산・바자이에후   카자흐스탄 +58초
15 필립・질 베일   벨기에
16 크리스티 얀・파이트   슬로베니아 +1분 01초
17 후레후・판아베르마트   벨기에
18 고라즈드・슈탄게리   슬로베니아
19 제로므・피노   프랑스 +1분 13초
20 블라디미르・카르페트   러시아
77 신성행야   일본 +22분 50초
도중 기권 이노우에 남자 아이   일본
도중 기권 노데라 히데노리   일본

남자 엘리트 타임 트라이얼

9월 25일(목)43.70 km
선수명 국적 시간
  벨트・그라프슈   독일 52분 01초 60
2 스베인・타후트   캐나다 +42초 79
3 데이비드・자브린스키   아메리카 합중국 +52초 27
4 리바이・라이프하이마   아메리카 합중국 +1분 05초 42
5 그스타브・랄슨   스웨덴 +1분 05초 84
6 스테인・데보르델   벨기에 +1분 15초 41
7 토니・말틴   독일 +1분 16초 26
8 야네스・브라이코비치   슬로베니아 +1분 25초 16
9 데이비드・미러   영국 +1분 25초 26
10 실반・샤바넬   프랑스 +1분 25초 82
11 블라디미르・그세후   러시아 +1분 27초 13
12 마이클・로쟈스   오스트레일리아 +1분 33초 32
13 마르코・피놋티   이탈리아 +1분 34초 12
14 마누엘・쿠인트아트   이탈리아 +1분 36초 79
15 셀게이・곤챠르   우크라이나 +1분 38초 00
16 호세・이반・구티에레스   스페인 +1분 54초 63
17 마테이・유르코   슬로바키아 +1분 58초 00
18 바시리・키리엔카  
          Senior CRA | Home-Based |Regional Monitoring, MAX 6 Visits |Mid- size CRO |UP to €46,000   
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          Clinical Research Associate II – HOMEBASED – Up to €40,000   
Salary: 30,000 - 40,000 (GBP)
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          Exciting Career Opportunity - Clinical Study Manager - Barcelona   
Salary: Competitive (GBP)
Location: Spain,
Company: Barrington James Clinical
Posted: 30 June 2017 09:55:25
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          Germany legalises same-sex marriage   

Supporters take to the streets of Germany to celebrate Parliament's decision to legalise same-sex marriage, a move that brings the country's stance into line with France, Britain and Spain.

          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

          Typology of the Indian Fan in the context of the FIFA World Cup.    
I don't really follow soccer*. So I don't know much about soccer. But I follow a lot of Indian soccer fans. I view them with mild amusement mixed with scientific curiosity. I study them. I try to find patterns in their bizarrely enthusiastic behavior. And I love doing pop-socio and pop-psych analysis of their behavior and their attitudes towards a game where India ranks even lower than countries smaller than my apartment building in Pune.

So I present here a typology of the Indian Fan in the context of the upcoming World Cup. The typology is arranged according to which country they support or bet on to lift the cup.

BRAZIL: This one is a no-brainer really, so let's get it out of the way. Everyone loves Brazil. It's a country that has won the cup the most often. They always have some of the best players, a style of play which is considered exciting, and wear really eye-catching yellow-and-green colors. So even someone with or without the most rudimentary knowledge of the game feels comfortable saying "Brazil of course!" when someone asks "Which team do you support?" It's like picking the Patriots at the beginning of the NFL season.

But it goes beyond just how good the team is on average (here comes the pop-socio and pop-psych). Brazil is "nice". Brazil is "safe". Other than soccer, what is Brazil associated with? Carnivals, pretty people, beaches, being part of the fashionable BRIC block, and again, carnivals. If countries were brands, Brazil would be like Linux - not really that relevant to your life but easy to love. It's the kind of country that if you visit as an Indian, you expect to love.

So might as well support them. Plus they are the hosts this time. Western media is being mean to them just like they were mean to India in the run-up to the 2010 Commonwealth Games. They have messy social inequality issues just like us. Yes, Brazil is safe to support.

BEST 2 EUROPEAN UNION TEAMS: At any given time, at least 2 of the 3 objectively best teams in the world are from the EU. So the self-proclaimed "knowledgeable" soccer fan from India will be telling anyone willing to listen that one of those two teams is SURE to win. One of the two is always ALWAYS Germany. And the other is some country whose economy Germany has bailed out or will be bailing out soon. Right now it's Spain. A decade ago, it was France. In between, Italy took a break from electing Caligula-esque Prime Ministers to occupy that spot.

So Germany and "Another EU country" are the best bets for Indian soccer pundits who want to set themselves apart from the bandwagon Brazil supporters and maintain a chance for gloating when the dust settles.

ARGENTINA: Ah, Argentina! The most bizarre underdog-favorite combinations in the history of sport. I say this because some of my friends who support Argentina are genuinely convinced that Argentina is THE best team, regardless of the FIFA rankings. These verbose justifications start with "Messi is...." and then meander into incomprehensibility. Other friends supporting Argentina are steadfast about the team's underdog tag. "I always support an underdog, yaar!"

The media helps in whipping up support for Argentina too, given that Argentina is to FIFA what Notre Dame is to college football in America. Every damn year when the college football starts, there will be pundits in the media saying "OH NOTRE DAME HAS A FINE FINE TEAM THIS YEAR!". Most years, they stay in the rankings for three weeks before dropping out. Once in a couple of decades, in the vein of a stopped clock being right twice a day, Notre Dame will indeed have a great season. And then the pundits preen. And Hollywood makes an atrociously weepy movie starring a hobbit. But I ramble.    

So it goes with Argentina. Call it the continuing halo effect of bad boy Maradona. Or maybe the current halo effect of some guy named Messi who's done diddly-squat in two World Cups, but apparently does great in domestic soccer matches in Europe.

HOLLAND: The Dutch team is for true-blue underdog supporters. Again, I don't know much about soccer. But from what I am told, this team has choked more times than the South African cricket team, the 1990s Buffalo Bills, and Ivan Lendl combined. Which makes them particularly alluring for people who just love supporting an underdog in the faint hope that they will be proven right. Last time, these fans were rewarded by having to wait as long as the finals to have their hearts broken.

But still, for these folks, it is HUP HOLLAND HUP. A friend of mine says that the bright orange jerseys appeal to the latent Hindutva tendencies in some Indian fans, but we'll put a pin in that for now.

ANOTHER EU TEAM: The previous four categories take care of 90% of Indian soccer fans. Which brings us to self-proclaimed "knowledgeable" fans of the game who don't like being lumped with the conventional wisdom. They need to cogently claim that a different underdog is actually going to take home the cup, but the heathen masses are too blinded by media tropes to see it. So they pick a team which is ranked somewhere from 4th to 8th in the FIFA rankings and which has a player they have watched in one of the domestic soccer leagues from Europe.

"Of course it'll be Portugal yaar! That Cristiano Ronaldo I tell you...."

For the last 3 World Cups, the top choice for these people has been Portugal, thanks to this Ronaldo fella. Never mind that he and his team have shown the poor judgment of associating themselves with the New York Jets to practice for the World Cup. That anyone can think that a guy who voluntarily decided to learn something from Rex Ryan has any chance of winning anything shows how little soccer fans know about real football. But I troll. And I digress.

When it's not Portugal, it is some other European country that yes, Germany will also have to bail out.  

ENGLAND: Don't ask me why. Seriously don't. I know very little about soccer but even I know enough to know that the chances of England winning the cup are only negligibly higher than an Indian winning the Olympic 100 meter gold. And yet a few Indians will be steadfast in their support of England.

One guy I knew used to base his support on the supposedly "under-appreciated talents" of David Beckham. This was before Beckham became known as the guy who sells underwear on giant hoardings in Times Square. These days, I suspect the support for England is driven by the fact that so many Indians spend so much money on low quality made-in-Bangladesh jerseys of teams from the EPL, that they feel obliged to go all the way.

But seriously Indian supporters of England soccer, what are the chances that an England cricket team will win an ICC title AND a notionally English guy will win the Wimbledon AND England will win the FIFA World Cup, all within 5 years?

USA: The only Indians who support the US are a) Indians who live in the US, and b) follow only cricket and/or American sports. Yes, this includes me, ok? The rest of the time, we are happy with our WillowTV subscription, our NFL fantasy football leagues, out March madness brackets, our opinions on LeBron and the Heat, our love or hate for the Yankees or the Red Sox. We look at MLS ads and go "lulz". We see European soccer matches on our cable guide menu and go "WTF?".

But then once every four years, this damn World Cup thing comes along. And everyone is talking about it. Not just CNN, who will usually talk about the most vapid things. So what do we do?


We google furiously to find out who our players are. We try to figure out what the hell "Group of Death" means. We practice our pronunciation of Klinsmann. And we set a countdown clock to the start of the NFL season.

* "SOCCER? IT'S FOOTBALL BRO!!!" you say? Read this.  

          Spain to scrap 'sexist' double barrelled names policy    
          Student flies to London via Spain as it was cheaper than the train     
          T&T ranked 14th for resource governance   

T&T scored 64 out of 100 points in the 2017 Resource Governance Index and ranked 14th out of the 89 assessments undertaken in the 81 countries surveyed.

Sherwin Long, head of the T&T Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (TTEITI), said T&T was one of the better performing countries in terms of score.

“We scored 64 out of 100. Out of the Enabling Environment we scored 71 out of 100, Revenue Management was our weakest performance and we scored 57 out of 100. We fell short in Revenue Management because of national budgeting fiscal rules and open data restrictions ,” he said yesterday at the launch of the 2017 Governance Report at the Ministry of Energy’s offices at the International Waterfront in Port-of-Spain.

The Index assesses the quality of governance in 81 countries which produce 82 per cent of the world’s oil and 17 per cent of its gas. T&T ranked fourth in Latin American and Caribbean behind Chile, Brazil and Colombia.

Long said T&T’s state enterprise reporting rules appear to be sound. Sound rules also govern the Heritage and Stabilisation Fund (HSF) which helped this country’s high position. He added that the Index also looked at state enterprises.

“Petrotrin was assessed against 74 other state energy enterprises globally and Petrotrin ranked ninth out of these state run enterprises with a score of 75. The company was deemed to have good rules related to the reporting on finances and operations as well as transfers from the company to Central Government,” he said.

Long said the index is important as it determines how other agencies evaluate T&T and it improves the country’s governance.

“Credit agencies look at governance indices to rank the country such as the Corruption Perception Index and the Global Competitiveness Index. These are indicators which show what we face as a country in terms of corruption and competitiveness,” he said.

Long said Brazil was ranked higher than T&T on the Index although there are allegations of corruption surrounding acting President Michel Temer and state owned oil company Petrobas because more than one factor determines the ranking.

“What the Index looked at is the laws as well as well as the practice. How well are these laws actually used? In terms of the laws and the practice in T&T there was a ten point difference between the law and how it is actually practiced and governs the energy sector. In T&T, there is a large gap between the law and how it is practised,” he explained.

          Laing freed in Beetham   

After 14 hours of intense prayers and a massive operation by police and army for the safe return of San Fernando businessman Gregory Laing, he was set free by his captors in the Beetham Gardens last evening.

The T&T Guardian learned that Laing was released following the payment of a ransom and was picked up by the Anti-Kidnapping Unit (AKU) on the roadside around 5.05 pm. ACP Irwin Hackshaw said Laing was then taken to the Eric Williams Medical Science Complex in Mt Hope for a check-up. Investigators said he had minor bruises to the face and was to be interviewed and taken back to his home in St Joseph Village, San Fernando, last evening.

Up to last night, there was a large contingent of police and soldiers combing the Laventille and Beetham Garden districts searching for suspects.

Laing, 54, whose family owns the popular Puff N Stuff Bakery along Circular Road, Vistabella and the Trade Winds Hotel in St Joseph Village, was the latest of three south business owners to be kidnapped in recent years. Designer Kirby Mohammed and produce importer Caroline Katwaroo were both kidnapped 2015 while hair stylist Ria Sookdeo was taken in 2016. Those three victims were never found and ransoms were not demanded.

Yesterday around 3 am, police said Laing went to open the bakery so staff could begin preparations for the 6 am opening. Around 3.10 am, one of his employees arrived and saw his Mercedes Benz at the side of the building with a cell phone and a bunch of keys on the ground. One of his brothers reported to police that around 4 am he received a phone call from someone demanding a ransom of $270,000 for his safe return. The call was said to have originated from the Beetham Gardens area.

A party of officers from the San Fernando CID and Mon Repos Police Station, led by Insp Don Gajadhar, responded and statements were taken from a few people. Laing’s car was taken to the Mon Repos Police Station for processing. There were no CCTV cameras nearby and police said they were not able to get a description of possible suspects or the vehicle used in the kidnapping. They suspect he was held up at the business and taken away.

Following the kidnapping, DCP Harold Phillip called a meeting of senior officers, which included Snr Supt Boxhill, ASP Ajit Persad, Snr Supt Mohammed, Insp Gajadhar and officers from the Port-of-Spain Division, Southern Division, AKU and the T&T Defence Force.

There were several social media reports that Laing was found earlier in the day, but Hackshaw confirmed he was only found around 5.05 pm. He said police had aggressively pursued all leads in an effort to safely return Laing to his family. Relatives and staff declined to speak about his disappearance earlier in the day, saying it was at a sensitive stage. However, it was business as usual as the bakery remained open. San Fernando Mayor Junia Regrello, however, condemned the “reprehensible actions” by Laing’s kidnappers.

Regrello said while the city has mostly avoided the brunt of criminal activity in T&T, the kidnapping further galvanized the need for all citizens to take back the city. He called on citizens who may have information regarding the kidnapping to contact the San Fernando police and pass on any information.

“Mr Laing is one of San Fernando’s model business owners and is noted for providing employment to many of the citizens of San Fernando, while the charitable contributions of his company are a testament to Mr Laing’s dedication towards the city of San Fernando,” Regrello said.

          Start the mas...   

As we move into the month of July, just the seventh month of the year, it is safe to say that Carnival 2018 has started. The first mas band to launch its presentation for next year was Jus Wee and Friends and its unveiling was held last Sunday at 16 Newbury Extension, Glencoe. Next year Jus Wee and Friends, a past Band of the Year winner, will be playing Wee Taking Flight.

Wee Taking Flight will consist of 14 sections and among the band’s designers are Michel Huggins, Janelle Greaves, Devon Jerome, Marcus Gooding, Dominique Mitchell and Marion George. The band’s camp is at Newbury Hill Extension. Bandleader Annmarie Placide revealed that the band’s costumes are reasonably priced at $1,000-$2,750, and the band is all-inclusive.

She added that one of the band’s attractions on Carnival Monday is that live road music will be supplied by Pelham Goddard & Roots. Playing with Roots on Monday, DJ Mr Desmond will provide road music on the Tuesday.

Potpourri of arts this weekend

This weekend’s entertainment fun list actually begins at 6 pm this evening when Pan Trinbago holds an After Work Jam at bpTT Renegades Pan Theatre, Charlotte Street, Port-of-Spain. Supplying live music will be Massy Trinidad All Stars, Fusion Steel, Pan Jammers, Sapophonics and DJ KC Klass is Klass.


Another Friday evening steelband jam also begins at 6 pm when Phase II Pan Groove with Hadco opens up its yard at Hamilton Street, Woodbrook for Friday Night Live—band arranger Len “Boogsie” Sharpe says it will be “an odyssey of pan.” Aside from Phase II and lots of food and drink, there will also be entertainment by Martin Cain & Road Block Steel Orchestra, featuring Deja and DeJan Cain.

This evening also sees the eagerly awaited opening of Uppa Level Club at Cascadia Hotel, 67 Ariapita Road, St Ann’s, by Elegant Promotions. Wall-to-wall music can be expected all night by H2O Phlo, Kevon Cartar, Oscar B, plus old school Uper Level DJ Darryl, and his partners in crime DJs Richard Simply Smooth, Scoobie and Billy J.

Kaiso Blues Cafe is also on tonight with its Passing Thorugh Jazz Cuatro Concert, featuring Jeanine Ruiz, Kennth Clarke, Michel Germain, Raul Landaeta and more, from 9 pm.


At the theatre

Not to be left out tonight there’s much theatre in a big way with Kingdom Arts & Performances staging Reba, Rachel, Ria...Their Story at Queen’s Hall, St Ann’s, at 7.30 pm; RJ Productions, in collaboration with Urban Jungle Entertainment, by overwhelming public demand, staging Eileen & Me at Little Carib Theatre, White Street, Woodbrook, at 8.30 pm; and Raymond Choo Kong Productions premiering Choose Your Partner Wisely, at CLR James Auditorium, Cipriani College, Churchill Roosevelt Highway, Valsayn, at 8 pm.

RS/RR is premiering Man Callaloo, starring Nikki Crosby, Richard Ragoobarsingh, Debra Boucaud Mason, Sunny Bling and Aaron Schneider, tomorrow, at the National Academy for the Performing Arts, Port-of-Spain, at 8.30 pm. The show will be repeated on Sunday evening at 6.30 pm, at the same venue.

Tomorrow’s action continues when St Ann’s RC Church stages its Tea Oneness Style Tea & Concert at Lions Civic Centre, Fitz Blackman Drive, Port-of-Spain, from 3 pm. Wall-to-wall entertainment will be by David Bereaux, Errol Fabien, Jason “Fridge” Seecheran, Wendy Sheppard, Krystal Khayne, Stephen Marcelle, Frenz in Muzik and more.

There’s also the Sangeet Opera, at Central Bank Auditorium, Lower St Vincent Street, Port-of-Spain, featuring Neval Chatelal and John Thomas, at 7.30 pm.


Dance events

Dance is also on the weekend’s agenda with Abeo Jackson’s farewell performance – Dance Fuh Yuh Life – being staged at The Big Black Box, Murray Street, Woodbrook, at 8 pm, and Malick Folk Performing Company and OrigiNation Cultural Arts Centre of Boston premiering Just The Two Of Us II, at La Joya Auditorium, EMR, St Joseph at the same time. Both events are billed for tomorrow.


Pan in Diego Martin and Tacarigua

Tomorrow also sees Panatics Steel Orchestra celebrating its 30th anniversary by staging Pan Jamboree at the Waterwheel Compound, Diego Martin, at 7 pm. Steelbands to perform include Phase II Pan Groove in association with HADCO, CAL Invaders, Ice Water Pan Ensemble, Sapophonics Steel Orchestra and host band Panatics Steel Orchestra.

One of this weekend’s big shows takes place on Sunday evening in the east at Rush Sports Bar & Night Club, located on the Eastern Main Road, Tacarigua. On a show themed Live in Love & Music, crackshot pan musician Kern Summerville and musicians he has selected will be performing. Summerville’s band will include Kyle Peters (guitar); Kevin Fraser (keyboards); BJ Saunders (bass); Gerion Williams (drum); Jamie Ghany (alto saxophone); Nicholas Jones (tenor saxophone); and Barry Homer (trumpet).

Guest performers for Live in Love & Music are vocalists Marisa Diaz and Kay Alleyne, violinist Anna Clair Roberts, guitarist Kashiff Wilson, Spoken Word artiste Askala George and Keishon Jack.


Riddim in the north

Action galore is promised on Sunday night, from 8 pm, at Howdy Dan’s Restaurant, located in MovieTowne, Port-of-Spain, as LA Records launches its RIIbirth Riddim. Artistes on the label billed to perform are Crazy, Fireball, Jamelody, King David, Blessed Messenger, Tobago’s Kervern Carter, Marley Palmer, Jah Disciple, Jaron Nurse, Zion Nurse, Zion Starr, Brittany Gonzales, Dre Star, Frankie Dan and Linelle Hamilton.


In memory of Brigo

Across the seas, calypso is also holding centre stage tomorrow as the children of the late Brigo will celebrate his birthday in a special way in New Jersey, USA. The children are being joined by Brigo’s Cultural Theatre Roots & Branches to hold a free show and fair from noon.

Brigo’s daughter Janeel Keisha Abraham said this week: “Our mission is to protect the legacy of passion my father had for calypso as well as to celebrate the numerous young artistes he helped nurture. We are celebrating the life he lived and the lessons and values he taught us.

“Beside lots of music and BBQ on sale, we will also be giving food and clothing to the poor. We are determined to keep my father’s music and legacy alive here in North America, in T&T, and across the Caribbean.”


A deed deserving of mention

Full kudos are well deserved by the past and current student body and staff of Presentation College (San Fernando) for going above and beyond to assist the needy. In four short days they raised approximately $50,000 in cash and supplies for those adversely affected by Tropical Storm Bret.

A spokesman for the group told Pulse this week: “We have acquired mattresses, pillows, mops, brooms, flashlights, disinfectants, canned goods, rice, flour, legumes, snacks, water, tarpaulins, garbage bags, new and clean used clothing (folded and sorted by gender and size), disposable diapers and sanitary napkins.

“These items will be given to people living in the Siparia and Penal/Debe regions and we will be guided by their regional corps as to who receives supplies.”

Also assisting the less fortunate were the delegates ion this year’s Miss TT World Pageant. On Friday, at the Tea Party, Talent and Top Model Competition, auctioned a bottle of champagne for $8,600 and donated the proceeds to the San Fernando City Corporation for distribution to the flood victims.


Party for a cause

Come July 8, a fund-raising party for stroke victim Wendy Hector will be held at All Out Sports Bar, Queen’s Park Oval, Woodbrook. In addition to some foot-stomping DJ music, there will be a live performance by The Malcontents, Chris Mouttet, Richard Law, Gary Hector, Stuart “Fowl” Abraham, Paul Amar and Phil Hill.

This is a dress up/costume party and guests are invited to don the Hippy, funky and groovy styles of the 60’s and 70’s.

Tickets cost $150 advanced and $200 at the door and they are limited tickets and already going like hot bread.

There will be drinks specials all night long door prizes for the Best Dressed Couple and Best Dressed Hippy.

          Remove illegal ramps   

Home owners and business operators in western Trinidad have been warned to desist from constructing illegal carriageways/driveways and installing metal vehicular ramps as the Port-of-Spain City Corporation could soon be embarking on action to remove the structures.

Persons found to be in breach of the law can face a maximum fine of $5,000, plus an additional $500 thereafter, for each day the offence continues.

Pleading for the corporation to take action now, St James East Councillor, Jameel Bisnath, said it is time that errant law-breakers be made an “example.”

Making the impassioned plea during the corporation’s monthly statutory meeting at City Hall yesterday, Bisnath urged the council to take immediate action to ensure persons comply with the law as it was proving to be a “nuisance.”

Renewing the call he has been making for the past year, Bisnath said the problem increased as residential and commercial entities continued to ignore the regulations governing the construction of carriageways/driveways within the municipality.

Act 21 of 1990, section 125 (1) states, “No person may break up or open the surface pavement, or soil of any street within a Municipality which is maintainable by the Council or lay any pipe or wire or any other matter or thing in or under any such street or any part of the subsoil thereof for any purpose, or place or erect any pole, post hoarding or barricade or other structure in any such street without the prior consent of the Council.”

Urging mayor Joel Martinez to act, Bisnath said, “People putting down things left, right and centre, all over. Even on Independence Square.”

Appealing for some kind of assurance the problem would be addressed in the short-term, Bisnath explained, “People are putting down illegal metal ramps on the streets to access their properties and this is blocking the free flow of water and also hindering persons from parking.”

He added, “These ramps have the drains looking very nasty as our sweepers cannot get access to under them as a tractor is needed to remove them for the drain to be cleaned.”

Acknowledging that each property was allowed one entrance, he said persons without an entrance were entitled to come in to the City Engineer’s Department and apply for one at no cost to them. Bisnath added that the same rule applied to persons wanting additional entrances.

He warned that while there was no cost attached to constructing an entrance, the home-owner or business operator would be billed for the removal of any illegal structures by the corporation.

Bisnath said errant persons would be given a notice to desist and remove the ramps in the first instance, before the POSCC would take action.

During yesterday’s meeting, Martinez also commended the staff of the corporation for their efforts to ensure homes and businesses were not adversely affected by the passage of last week’s Tropical Storm Bret.

He applauded the commitment of the Disaster Management Unit under the stewardship of Keith Cook, whom he said was on hand to assist the three families who lost their roofs during the storm as well as the other four households who were left without an electricity supply after a pole was downed.

Martinez said the corporation had also begun a regularisation exercise along Charlotte St. as he said officials had already begun meeting with registered vendors to inform them of the process to revitalise that part of the City.

          Marlene still under probe   

The Integrity Commission has not yet completed its investigations into Port-of-Spain South Member of Parliament Marlene McDonald, who will be sworn in as the new Minister of Public Utilities today.

While McDonald has been cleared on part of the matters brought before the commission, the T&T Guardian was told by a source close to the body that “while a number of allegations have been dealt with, there are other things still being investigated.”

The information comes even as Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley welcomed McDonald back to his Cabinet yesterday, saying the Integrity Commission had found she was not in breach of the Integrity in Public Life Act in relation to some of the issues under probe.

In March 2006, McDonald was relieved of the post of Minister of Housing after it was reported that the Integrity Commission was investigating two reports brought against her, involving a close friend by the name of Michael Carew.

Those investigations related to the approval of grants to the Calabar Foundation by the Ministry of Community Development and to the issuance of a Housing Development Corporation home.

While the commission is reported to have written to McDonald indicating that there was no evidence that she had breached the Integrity in Public Life Act, the commission, in its correspondence, also indicated that investigations into other allegations contained in the complaint are “still receiving its attention.”

Integrity Commission chairman Zainool Hosein yesterday refused to answer questions on what matters involving McDonald were still under investigation. He said, “If anybody who is in receipt of communication from the commission wants to divulge it, we have no way to prevent that, but I cannot give details of any matter before the commission.”

The commission is bound to silence under sections 20 and 35 of the Integrity in Public Life Act. Both sections speak to the issues of secrecy and confidentiality of information and carries, in the case of section 20, a fine of $250,000 and 10 years imprisonment, while persons in breach of section 35 are liable on summary conviction to a fine of $250,000 and imprisonment for five years.

Speaking on the broad issues of the work of the commission, however, Hosein said they had “inherited a number of issues, we have dealt with a range of matters and we have functioned without much trauma, we are working quietly and efficiently in dealing with quite a number of matters and people can rely on absolute fairness.”

He said when there are delays in “concluding matters, it is because the investigation is not complete and that could be the result of a want of information being sought.”

In conducting its investigations, the T&T Guardian was told, the commission liaises with banks and financial institutions and very often the information required is not available immediately. The process could be further delayed when someone being investigated seeks legal advice, which delays the process.

In a statement to the media earlier yesterday, the commission said “all matters relative to Investigations and Compliance are thoroughly investigated, but statutory strictures on the disclosure of specific matters preclude the commission or anyone there-at from divulging information from its records.”

It said “in assessing and investigating allegations of breaches of the Integrity In Public Life Act (the IPLA) and the Prevention of Corruption Act, the commission remains focussed and committed to carrying out its functions thoroughly, efficiently, fairly and within a reasonable time-frame.”

While the records of the commission and any information revealed by the production of documents cannot be disclosed, the commission urged media practitioners to avoid making “unsupported statements and to consult the commission’s annual report which provides a summary of complaints which have engaged the attention of the commission.”

The commission said it “remains concerned that irresponsible and adverse criticisms by media practitioners are injurious, especially when not supported by factual details.”

The commission said it continues to facilitate dialogue and offer an accessible, courteous, efficient and meaningful guidance to persons in public life as well as to those exercising public functions.

It reminded persons subject to the Integrity In Public Life Act to comply with the provisions, cooperate fully by filing declarations in a timely manner and to provide information promptly when called upon to do so.

The commission’s 29th annual report, laid in Parliament in 2016, lists 41 investigations. At least four of them date back to the pre-2010 period relating to complaints against a former prime minister Patrick Manning, now deceased, alleging breaches of the act in the award of land and the construction of the Church of the Lighthouse. Those investigations, according to the document, are still continuing.

          If something comes up again I’ll act: PM   

Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley yesterday defended his re-appointment of Marlene McDonald to his Cabinet. In fact, he said her return as Public Utilities Minister came at an opportune time.

However, Rowley assured that reassigning Fitzgerald Hinds as Minister in the Ministry of the Attorney General and Legal Affairs was not a demotion.

At the post-Cabinet media briefing at the Diplomatic Centre, St Ann’s, Rowley spoke about the impromptu Cabinet reshuffle—his second since assuming office in September 2015.

Asked if McDonald’s return was a way of expressing confidence in her, given the fact there were a series of allegations made against her which were investigated by the Integrity Commission, Rowley said it was a matter that needed to be looked at.

Having been elected as Port-of-Spain South MP in 2015, Rowley said McDonald was appointed to the Cabinet after serving as Opposition Chief Whip. In early 2015, he said “certain persons were making some very disturbing allegations against Miss McDonald.”

Last March, Mc Donald was fired from the Cabinet following media revelations that she had employed her common-law husband Michael Carew in her Port-of-Spain South constituency office. A report from Fixin T&T head Kirk Waithe stated he received information from Parliament which showed Carew and a director of the Calabar Foundation were employed at McDonald’s constituency office for five years, while Carew’s brother Lennox Carew still worked at the MP’s office.

McDonald’s common-law husband, who worked at the office from June 1, 2010 to September 7, 2015, had earned a salary of $13,400 for the full parliamentary term while Lennox began working in the office on March 1, 2011 and had been in receipt of $14,000.

But Rowley said it was the allegation of how McDonald conducted herself in the Ministry of Housing which forced him to ask her to remove herself as a minister so the Integrity Commission investigate. When the allegation surfaced, he said there was information “which persons were prosecuting to the point of persecuting about how she conducted herself in the Ministry of Housing. It was alleged that she was buying houses in the Ministry of Housing in other people’s names and they identified the names and individuals… and she had a relationship with and so on. That, was an area I found required the removal of Miss McDonald so to allow the investigation to take place.”

To the best of his knowledge, Rowley said investigations had taken place and the commission had indicated to Mc Donald that “they had found no basis to conclude that she had breached the Integrity in Public Life Act on this package of investigations and probably others. On that basis, I as Prime Minister have no difficulty in reappointing Miss McDonald in the Cabinet. Of course, that would displease some people who believe what pleases them should happen.”

Rowley said in the future if something else surfaces against McDonald he would deal with it.

Asked if Hinds’ shifting was a demotion, Rowley said he was “very versatile and is a tremendous asset to the Cabinet and Government.” This was Hinds’ second realignment by Rowley. He was first removed from the Ministry of Works and Transport and put to manage the Ministry of Public Utilities, which McDonald is now in charge of.

But the PM said Hinds has expertise in Constitutional and criminal law and as a former policeman, he was ideally suited to work in the AG’s office. He said, however, that Stuart Young will continue to hold the position as Minister in the Ministry of the AG and Legal Affairs as well.

Rowley said Government intended to have a very robust legislative programme in which Hinds will play an integral role.

          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Pedro unhappy with Diego Costa situation: “He is feared by defenders”   

Embed from Getty Images Chelsea forward Pedro still hopes that fellow Spain international Diego Costa will remain at the club. Costa was Chelsea’s top scorer [...]

The post Pedro unhappy with Diego Costa situation: “He is feared by defenders” appeared first on Chelsea Season.

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          HEITMANN, NORMA   
HEITMANN--Norma D., 76 years, of Macungie, PA and Naples, FL, passed away Friday, June 23, 2017 in Seville, Spain. She was the widow of Werner...
           Germany shock favourites Spain to win Euro Under-21 title    
KRAKOW, Poland, June 30 (Reuters) - Germany stunned title favourites Spain 1-0 with a looping first-half header from Mitchell Weiser to win the European...
           Germany wins European U21 title with 1-0 win over Spain    
KRAKOW, Poland (AP) - Midfielder Mitchell Weiser scored the winning goal as Germany beat high-scoring Spain 1-0 to win the Under-21 European Championship on...
           Spain winger Deulofeu returning to Barcelona on 2-year deal    
BARCELONA, Spain (AP) - Gerard Deulofeu is returning to Barcelona after the Spanish club triggered the buy-back clause in his deal with Everton.The...
          Music-Focused Wedding in Spain with a Bohemian Vibe   
Julia and Noel met in 2006 when Julia was living in Seville and Noel had a band based in Barcelona. The band were on tour and Julia went to see them and then they met after the show. Since it was music that brought them together, it naturally played a big part in their wedding, which they described as a being "a little Rock n Roll with a bohemian vibe."
          A VIP Unveiling of 568 N. Tigertail Road   
   (View Unveiling Event Images Below) The Agency’s Principal and Partner, Santiago Arana, recently celebrated the unveiling of 568 N. Tigertail Road, a newly-constructed estate located on one of Brentwood’s most prestigious streets. A collaboration between Santiago and his business partner, David Herskowitz, with whom he owns Cutting Edge Developments, the approximately 15,600-square-foot residence, which boasts views from Downtown to the ocean, is a picture-perfect example of elevated Southern California living. Showcasing a warm, traditional-style exterior and the highest caliber of contemporary European finishes throughout, towering glass doors open to grand-scale living spaces. French oak and marble flooring reclaimed from villas in Spain are complemented by sliding walls of glass for a seamless transition to phenomenal outdoor living areas. Primed for year-round entertaining, the home's expansive backyard features a parklike lawn, heated loggia with dining and seating areas, kitchen with built-in barbecue and beer taps, and an oversized swimming pool and spa. During the invite-only event on Saturday, June 24, guests were treated to signature vodka cocktails, courtesy of sponsor Belvedere, and savory hors d'oeuvres while they explored the home, complete with elegant floral arrangements by Francesca Blume. Guests mingled on the sprawling rooftop terrace overlooking the twinkling city lights. Others took to the expansive daylit lower level, which holds a fully soundproofed theater, 1,500-bottle wine cellar, wine tasting and cigar lounge—with Casino-style, air purifying technology, no less—a restaurant-caliber bar, indoor-outdoor gym, and 10-car auto gallery, where a curated selection of Ferraris was on display for the occasion. Though no one wanted to see the night end, custom boxes of Compartes chocolates made for a decadent parting gift. “It’s been two-and-a-half years since David and I began work on 568 N. Tigertail. It was such a thrill seeing the project come together so beautifully and using my 14 years of industry experience to create a product high-end buyers have been waiting for,” says Santiago. “It was also a pleasure working with interior designer Tiffany Harris, and architect Philip Vertoch, who both helped make every last detail a reality. I’m happy to have had the opportunity to present the home to my VIP clients and friends first on what was a truly exceptional night.” Visit the listing page for 568 N. Tigertail Road to view more images of the home. View images of the unveiling event below.   
          AFP/Getty 504314262.jpg   

cyberstudent99 posted a photo:

AFP/Getty 504314262.jpg

Participants run in front of a cow during the first San Fermin Festival bull run, on July 07, 2010, in Pamplona, northern Spain. The festival is a symbol of Spanish culture that attracts thousands of tourists to watch the bull runs despite heavy condemnation from animal rights groups.(Ander Gillena/Getty Images)

          GET 173095487   

cyberstudent99 posted a photo:

GET 173095487

*** BESTPIX *** PAMPLONA, SPAIN - JULY 07: An Alcurrucen's ranch fighting bull stands alone surrounded by a crowd of runners on the way to entering the bullring during the second day of the San Fermin Running Of The Bulls festival, on July 7, 2013 in Pamplona, Spain. The annual Fiesta de San Fermin, made famous by the 1926 novel of US writer Ernest Hemmingway 'The Sun Also Rises', involves the running of the bulls through the historic heart of Pamplona, this year for nine days from July 6-14. (Photo by Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 162949911

          Space Patrol 194   
itunes pic
In your entire life, you have never encountered an hour of audio exactly like this - and that's an order! Groove thou, unto the UK's legendary Keith Mansfield, Sweden's Tages, Indonesia's AKA, Hungary's Generál, Germany's Su Kramer, Spain's Karlo Y Su Conjunto, France's Pussy Cat, and ... oh my, Northern Soul and FUNK, damn you! This episode won't be broadcast at Luxuriamusic.com for months! The full illustrated Playlist is at http://axenhammer.com/spacepatrol/sp194/ . Enjoy! Luxuriamusic: http://luxuriamusic.com (live streaming music, chat and webcam) Space Patrol blog: http://spacepatrol.blogspot.com (none of the above!)
          Space Patrol 192   
itunes pic
Newer and chewier! Rapture-Ready! Hot tracks from the US, UK, Brazil, Peru, France, Spain, Italy, Nigeria, Hungary and Turkey... all in barely under an hour! Holy cow! This episode won't be broadcast at Luxuriamusic.com for months! What's your pleasure? Funk? Latin Soul? Psych? Freakbeat? Oh, it's here, bay-bee! The full illustrated Playlist is at http://axenhammer.com/spacepatrol/sp192/ . Enjoy! Luxuriamusic: http://luxuriamusic.com (live streaming music, chat and webcam) Space Patrol blog: http://spacepatrol.blogspot.com (none of the above!)
          UoH Scholar for IBN Tibbon Translation Studies Doctoral and Teacher Training Summer School   
Ayoob Rahman, a Ph.D. Research Scholar from Translation Studies, Centre for Applied Linguistics and Translation Studies, School of Humanities, University of Hyderabad (UoH) has got selected for the “IBN Tibbon Translation Studies Doctoral and Teacher Training Summer School” being held at the Universidad de Granada, Spain from June 22nd to July 4th ‘2017. IBN Tibbon […]
          Under Armor opens its first store in Spain   

The American sports firm has reopened on June 29 its store of the San Sebastián de los Reyes shopping mall The Style Outlets, formerly managed by its former distributor.

The company had until late last year as a partner in the Spanish market with Alnisa ​​Sport, which operated the outlet of the brand in the Neinver complex. In November, it set up its own subsidiary in the country to take direct control of its operations in Spain. 

The establishment that reopens in Madrid has expanded its area to 400 square meters and presents the new concept of Under Armor. It thus becomes the first of its own management of the subsidiary in the country. 

The American firm adds to the offer of first brands of clothing, footwear and accessories offered by the complex, which also has the only outlet store of Le Coq Sportif in Madrid. 

Founded in 1996 by University of Maryland football player Kevin Plank, Under Armor began its journey with the idea of ​​creating a high-quality t-shirt that facilitated compression and perspiration rather than absorbing it and adapted to the body to regulate the temperature. Today it has hundreds of articles of clothing, footwear and sports accessories for men, women and children.

source: es.fashionnetwork.com

          Hogan starts with new store on Montenapoleone   

During the Milan Fashion Week in September,  the brand of the Tod's group will open a new boutique at number 5 of the  street, in the space previously occupied by Bottega Veneta , which will be the forerunner for future branded retail. 

"The new store in Montenapoleone will feature a completely new concept which will start all other future store",  explained to Pambianconews  Sergio  Azzolari , the general brand manager of Fay and Hogan, both of the Tod's group. "Right now we already have Hogan shop in the street, at number 23, which we expect to close when the new one opens". 

As for 2017, after a 2016 down 3.2% to 214.2 million euro, Hogan aims to return to growth. "This will be a year of restart and rationalization," explained Azzolari. "We are looking for our consistency and we want to lay the groundwork for an aggressive five-year plan. In particular, we will focus on China, where we are using two local ambassadors, two actors, who are developing a shoe model each to be placed on the market, so as to make us better know also there. " China is one of the markets in which the brand hopes to develop further in 2017, together with France, Germany and Spain (foreign fact accounts for about 60% of the total turnover of the group) and Italy.

source: www.pambianconews.com

          The 10 Commandments of Good SEO Hipster Version   

Originally posted on: http://geekswithblogs.net/geekwithblogs/archive/2017/06/05/the-10-commandments-of-good-seo-hipster-version.aspx

I do not know about you, but to all those who are dedicated to online marketing, do not you think, what ever Google is more like a religion? , A little rather yes, right? And if the Catholics have the figure of Moses, as the one who met on Mount Sinai with God, and were given the tables with the commandments, does not seem very far, the figure of A hipster sent from Google, instead of two heavy stones, carry a heavy tablet, with the commandments of good SEO in epub or pdf version, according to the god Google, who sees everything, knows everything, and is ubiquitous.

And, what would those 10 commandments of good SEO?, Because I believe without doubt that something very similar to what comes next, and these 10 commandments, not to fulfill them, expect many bad things to your website, more plagues than In a dark and humid basement, there we go with the 10 commandments ( here would molaría what has been a jingle in the style of the main 40 ).

 You will love Google about all the search engines , it may make you more or less grace, that power you have, that way of deciding how to stop in the Roman circus, what is good and bad, but Whether you like it or not, you have to love everything about marketing 2.0, you have to treat it with love and "respect" that would say Ali G, and listen very very much, everything that comes to say, because Google is like A mother, who gives you advice, which are not advice, but imperative orders of Sergeant O'neil. Also in case you lack reasons, here in Spain has a level of implementation of 90% on search engines, and should miss the other 10%, those who use Internet Explorer, and those who have installed some type of malware.

Giphy (1)

 You will not take the name of your tags in vain , it is not worth cheating, putting tags that have nothing to do with your content, that Google will see, and it will give you behind Of the ears, you can not put in your tags, all the cities of Spain, if you only serve in a province, because that's very ugly, and you're going to catch Google and you're going to kick that, 4 page sends you. It's going to give you a rowing blow that riete your videos of falls from Youtube. 


Sanctify the headings , nothing to make a web page that does not respect the structure of headings html, H1 to H6, you do not have to use all, but if you make use of it, and the Such as H1, H2 and H3, to indicate what is being talked about in that content, and rank the importance of those words within the content, so that Google can be well positioned, and not that it is he who chooses Of what you're talking about, because Google is always in a hurry, and if you do not keep this command, he'll put whatever he wants.

 You will honor the Penguin and the Panda , these two creatures of Mr. Google, you must honor them, because Google is very much of your things, and the one for your children does whatever it is, so you can give them content Of quality to the Panda, and quality links to the Penguin, or else, or else ... look better do not want to know what Google will do as dishonor to one of them two, because it's going to give you a colleja that you're going to put to dance Something that will not have orchestra to follow the rhythm.

You will not kill creativity , Google is a creative god, and if something does not like anything, but nothing at all, it is uncreative, empty and simple content that is not useful to your Followers and fans, every time you kill the creativity of your content, Google drops you off a page results, so you better not take it as a joke, or soon appear on the foot of the monitor, down there next to the felt So that it does not move.


You will not do prohibited actions , or what is the same thing, you will not do Black Hat SEO, which is that you will not do cloacking, although no longer done, Spam, BackDoor, hidden text ... come on , Please do not be the Christian Gray of SEO, because if Google is going to be in the red room and put you looking at Adwords.

Stop sign hits news reporter in hurricane

You will not steal content , not under any concept, you must steal the content of others, copy, paste, or change three words, and publish it on your site, no, never, Puts it like a motorcycle, pisses more than the panda of Ranma 1/2 and Kung Fu Panda together, you're going to see what a panda is pissed and not those adorable Zoo Pandas that are sitting nicely while chewing bamboo gum.


 You will not tell lies in your content , because then your content is worth the same as the shit with Whatsapp eyes, I do not know if you understand me, let's give it the same as having eyes or not, its value Is the same, if your content is full of inaccuracies, then Google does not see value to it, and if it does not see value, it has no relevance, and if it has no relevance ... toc toc ... you do not go out in the first positions, because 1000 Words from your article x 0 of relevance da ... that is, shit with eyes.


[Dropcap] 9. [/ Dropcap] You will not have impure thoughts in your content , maybe in advertising, there is a high content of sexuality, but, say that you are talking about sex, merely to attract visitors, and then Rebound in the first seconds, once the visitor has returned the blood to the head, and has been able to read the first few lines and see that where I say, I say Diego, that Google will see, will see the rebound, and the Final that is going to rebound is Google, so, enough of headlines that promise things that are not, thanks for making me lose 20 seconds of my life.


 You will not covet your neighbor's positioning , this is not that Google is going to piss you off and you're going to get pissed, but man, who is ugly, we are always looking more at what others are doing, That what we do, if you do a good job of SEO, the results come, the SEO, is a little step by step, the one who wants results for yesterday, has Adwords and his portfolio at his disposal.

Well with this we end today, I hope you have been clear, because otherwise the hipster Moisex will come and give you with the tablet around the SEO, kisses for all and until the next!


Author Bio

The author of this post works at the leading UK dissertation writing service. Olivia has a degree in Journalism and has been providing dissertation help to students from all across the world. Olivia loves to read fictional novels and is a great Game of Thrones fan. She loves her job as an expert dissertation writer and is glad to be a part of the dissertation writing service program.

          ไฮไลท์ฟุตบอล เยอรมัน 1-0 สเปน   

ไฮไลท์ฟุตบอล เยาวชนชิงแชมป์แห่งชาติยุโรป U21 (นัดชิงชนะเลิศ) (UEFA U21 2017)

เยอรมัน (Germany) 1-0 สเปน (Spain)

The post ไฮไลท์ฟุตบอล เยอรมัน 1-0 สเปน appeared first on Buaksib.

          Germany stun Spain to claim Under-21 title after Mitchell Weiser header   
• Germany Under-21 1-0 Spain Under-21
• Mitchell Weiser scores game’s only goal in the 40th minute

It was the result that nobody expected. Apart from Germany, that is. After Mitchell Weiser’s brilliant header had sealed the title against the hot favourites Spain, their captain Maximilian Arnold led his players, wearing special T-shirts to commemorate their triumph, on an impromptu jig past the media. Nothing, it seems, is left to chance when it comes to Germany at an international tournament.

With a side packed with top-quality players and boasting the competition’s two best performers in Saúl Ñíguez and Marco Asensio, Spain had been tipped to make short work of opposition who were without seven eligible players who are in action for the senior side at the Confederations Cup in Russia. But in a superb display of teamwork, organisation and commitment from Stefan Kuntz’s side, Weiser’s goal five minutes before the break was enough to seal victory that will certainly not go down well at the Spanish Football Association’s headquarters in Madrid.

Continue reading...
          Black magic, white lies and Germany in two finals – Football Weekly Extra   

The podders muse on the ever-mighty Germans. Plus, the Garcia report, the Portuguese witch doctor scandal and Sunderland finally appointing a manager

On the penultimate Football Weekly of the close season, AC Jimbo is joined by Paolo Bandini, James Horncastle and Iain Macintosh to get well and truly jazzed about this magical summer of football.

We begin by discussing Germany who stand on the brink of conquering both Poland and Russia (careful), having knocked England out of the U21 Euroson penalties, of course – and swatting aside Mexico in the Confederations Cup. A Saúl-inspired Spain will provide stiff opposition in the Euros, while they’ll have to get past Chile and Claudio Bravo in the Confeds final on Sunday night. Would you bet against them?

Continue reading...
          The Fiver | Perhaps we’ve watched Apocalypse Now once too often   

In today’s Fiver: warehouse parties, tug-of-loves and cutting through hype

The Fiver loves nothing better than being tapped on the shoulder by The Man on a Friday afternoon to be asked for its hot take on the Euro U-21 final between Spain and Germany. OK, The Fiver can think of few things worse. It’s why we gave our stereotypical Spanish cousin, Juan de la Juan de la Juan de la Juan Straw Donkey Acoustic Guitar Olé Olé Olé Eldorado Sun Sea Sand Dust Fiver a ring to see whether he had any thoughts, because we certainly didn’t have any. Turns out he was sleeping. Well, what with the time being 12.53pm he had been awake a full hour, and having consumed 24 ham and cheese croquetas, two helpings of patatas bravas, a dozen bits of squid and a bottle of rioja to wash it down with, who could begrudge him an early siesta?

Continue reading...
          Germany 1-0 Spain: European U-21 Championship final – as it happened   
  • Mitchell Weiser scores only goal with first-half header
  • Germany win tournament for only second time in their history

Related: Germany stun Spain to claim Under-21 title after Mitchell Weiser header

Germany are U21 European champions for only the second time in their history. And they thoroughly deserve it after winning the final with a highly accomplished performance and a very dainty goal. They nullified a Spanish team that had scored with ease until today and, at the same time, regularly swept forward dangerously. And to think, a handful of their best U-21 players are not even at this tournament, as they’re due to to contest the Confederations Cup final with the senior team this weekend. Glückwünsche!

Continue reading...
          Saúl answers Spain’s call as latest generation seeks to redeem rare failure | Ed Aarons   
The Atlético Madrid midfielder has inspired Spain to the European Under-21 Championship final against Germany after the shame of failing to qualify in 2015

Saúl Ñíguez, like several of his Spain team‑mates who will contest the European Under-21 Championship final on Friday night, has a point to prove. For the second and final time the Atlético Madrid midfielder, whose brilliant hat-trick destroyed Italy in the semi-final on Tuesday, will attempt to win this competition, at the end of an international youth career that started in 2009 for the under-16 side.

Related: Atlético Madrid’s Saúl Ñíguez recalls the night when he feared his career was over

Continue reading...
          For sale - Vintage 1970s wrestling singlet Red M Logo olympic... - Auction   

Cleveland 4163, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...

          Comment on Music-Focused Wedding in Spain with a Bohemian Vibe by Roger Rosentreter   
Gorgeous photos and what a stunning bride!!
          Comment on Music-Focused Wedding in Spain with a Bohemian Vibe by Wenda   
Gorgeous! Simple and lovely!
          Comment on Music-Focused Wedding in Spain with a Bohemian Vibe by Zoë   
WOW! This is beautiful! That is by far one of the best wedding videos I've seen!
          Comment on Music-Focused Wedding in Spain with a Bohemian Vibe by Cebu Wedding Photographer   
Looks like a gorgeous wedding.. love the photos!
          Vitcord, the Collaborative Videos that Attract More and More Millennials Every Day   

With Vitcord you can Continue the stories of your friends with your videosBARCELONA, Spain, June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Share, collaborate and record videos. This is the idea behind Vitcord, the mobile app that gives young people a new way of interacting through video, allowing them to participate in the creation of stories in a collaborative way, offering...

          Spain's population rises for first time in six years on seasonal workers returning for actual available seasonal work [Followup]   
Followup [link] [5 comments]

          Renewable energies generated 37.7% of electricity in Spain in June 2017   
Renewable energies generated 37.7% of electricity in Spain in May 2017. Wind power 18.2%, solar thermal 3.4% and photovoltaic solar power 4.6%. Generation of the month of May 2017 Peninsular demand for electricity in May is estimated at 20,155 GWh, 2.1% higher than in the same month of the previous year. If we take into … Continue reading Renewable energies generated 37.7% of electricity in Spain in June 2017
          Villa for Rent in Diego Martin, Port-of-Spain, Ref# 11025848   
Villa for Rent in Diego Martin, Port-of-Spain. Asking price: 7900 TTD. Bedrooms: 2. Bathrooms: 2. More Information and Features: house for rent, property for rent, home for rent, for rent in trinidad and tobago, real estate in trinidad, trinidad....
2 rooms 2 bathrooms
Fri, 30 Jun 2017 12:43:43 -0400
          Europe forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 05:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.

          Some Soccer News for Jun 28, 2017   
It's Day 179 of 2017.

Earlier today I post du Nord Futbol's MNUFC mid-season grades, and a few mid-season awards.


Six people from the police services have been charged with crimes in connection to the 1989 disaster at the Hillsborough stadium in England that left 96 dead, mostly Liverpool supporters. By David Conn for the Guardian.


Minnesota United

Big news - Brent Kallman out of Thursday's game with a knee injury, suffered against Vancouver:

  • Abu Danladi also out with a thigh injury.

The story is out, although the team has yet to confirm, that MNUFC has signed 22 year old Scottish midfielder Sam Nicholson from Hearts. By Jeff Rueter for ESPNFC.
  • He will be available to play when the summer transfer window opens on July 10.

-Thu Jun 29
New York City v Minnesota - 6:30pm CT on My29
-Tue Jul 4
Minnesota v Columbus - 6:00pm CT on My29


US Open Cup - Round of 16

Dallas advanced to the Quarterfinals for an incredible 16th time.

Some really good looking games coming up tonight, including 1 showing on ESPN.

-Tue Jun 27
Dallas 3-1 Colorado Rapids
-Wed Jun 28
Cincinnati v Chicago Fire - 7:00pm CT on ESPN
Houston Dynamo v Sporting Kansas City
New England Revolution v DC United
New York Red Bulls v Philadelphia Union
Miami v Atlanta United
San Jose Earthquakes v Seattle Sounders
LA Galaxy v Sacramento Republic
-Quarterfinals game will be played between Jul 7 and 16.


Sauce: du Nord Music Mix Vol 128 (download + extract)



An explanation from the San Jose Earthquakes bossman for the firing of head coach Dom Kinnear. By Robert Jonas for Center Line Soccer.

DC United has a plan to make their presence felt in a much bigger way in the nations capitol. By Steven Goff for the Washington Post.

A look at the philosophy behind the successful Dallas academy system. By Noah Davis for B/R.

Atlanta United has bumped Seattle from the top of the average attendance standings! 46,698 per game so far. By JuliaKate Culpepper for the Atlanta Journal Constitution.

Week 18 schedule/results:
(10 Games)
Thu Jun 29
New York City v Minnesota
-Fri Jun 30
Salt Lake v Orlando
-Sat Jul 1
Chicago v Vancouver
Dallas v Toronto
Kansas City v Portland
Montreal v DC
Columbus v Atlanta
Colorado v Houston
San Jose v LA
-Sun Jul 2
Philadelphia v New England




Eight years ago at the Confederations Cup in South Africa Bob Bradley coached the USA to a monumental upset of World Cup holders Spain. It was a coaching master class. By Steve Davis for Four Four Two.


Canadian Championship - Final Schedule/Results:

Drama, excitement, anger, controversy. It was all there!
Tied from Leg 1, Montreal took the lead on a great goal by Ballou Tabla in the 36th minute. Who else but Sebastian Giovinco retaliated for Tornto. So with the game still tied late in the 2nd Leg it was Giovinco again 5 minutes into stoppage time that ended the series with a very dramatic winner.

2nd Leg
-Tue Jun 27
Toronto 2-1 Montreal - Tor wins championship 3-2 on aggregate.



Two great match ups in the Semis:
  • Today - Euro Champ v S Amer Champ
  • Tomorrow - N Amer Champ v World Cup Champ

I have never seen a goalkeeper save all 3 shots he faced in a shootout after extra time ends tied. Claudio Bravo did it for Chile today. On to the Final.

-Wed Jun 28
Portugal 0-0 Chile - Chi adv 3-0 in Shots From The Mark.
-Thu Jun 29
Germany v Mexico - 1:00pm CT on FS2

FINAL schedule
-Sun Jul 2
Chile v ??? - 12:pm CT on FS1


My columns for 1500ESPN.

The Bird Is The Word

          Афиша мероприятий в Барселоне, июль 2017   

Июль – один из самых прекрасных месяцев в Испании. Помимо музеев (по ссылке вы найдете целый список музеев Барселоны с расписанием и инструкцией к посещению), шопинга и мест для отдыха с детьми вы можете воспользоваться нашей афишей мероприятий.


Если вам нужна помощь во время вашего пребывания в Испании - звоните и пишите! Контакты указаны внизу страницы.


Вы также можете заказать у нас экскурсииаренду жилья и другие услуги.


Итак, что куда можно пойти в июле в Барселоне? 


01.07.2017 – 31.07.2017


Grec Фестиваль. Барселона 2017


фестиваль в испании, Grec Фестиваль.jpg


Grec Фестиваль - это настоящая визитная карточка Барселоны в июле. "Грек фестиваль" - это самый крупный летний танцевальный, театральный и музыкальный фестиваль с великолепной программой, который проводится в Барселоне каждое лето.


Место проведения мероприятия: Teatre Grec, Barts, Jamboree и другие площадки Барселоны



07.07.2017 - 9.07.2017


Гей-парад Pride Barcelona 2017


фестиваль в испании, Pride Barcelona 2017.jpg


Барселона отличается особой толерантностью. И Международный фестиваль, который проходит в поддержку прав сексуальных меньшинств, еще одно тому подтверждение. 


Поскольку мероприятие призвано привлечь внимание как можно большего количества людей, то и практически все акции проходят на свежем воздухе, в разных частях города. На закрытые вечеринки также можно попасть без проблем. Надо просто приобрести входные билеты, которые продаются прямо «на месте». 


Подробности на официальном сайте: www.pridebarcelona.org


Место проведения мероприятия: Барселона



С 01.07.2017


Летние распродажи Барселоны (Rebajas de Verano) 2017


распродажи, Rebajas de Verano.jpg


Летние распродажи, так называемые «Rebajas de Verano», в Барселоне (и вообще в Каталонии) начинаются 1-го июля и длятся до 31 августа. Магазины закрыты по воскресеньям и в праздничные дни. Единственный торговый центр, который всегда открыт по воскресеньям – это Торговый центр Maremagnum.


Место проведения мероприятия: Барселона



13.07.2017 – 15.07.2017


Большая парусная Регата в Барселоне "Puig Vela Clàssica Barcelona"


регата в испании, Puig Vela Classica Barcelona.jpg


В девятой Регате Барселоны Puig Vela Clàssica принимают участие почти 70 яхт всех видов и классов: от винтажных, классических, до гоночных современных судов.


Подробности на официальном сайте: Puig Vela Clàssica Barcelona


Место проведения мероприятия: Барселона



25.07.2017 – 31.07.2017


Фестиваль Tap Оn Barcelona 2017


фестиваль в испании, Tap Оn Barcelona 2017.jpg


Tap Оn Barcelona 2017 – это Международный музыкальный фестиваль с участием лучших танцоров. Зрители отмечают, что это по-настоящему увлекательное зрелище, когда для битвы сходятся лучшие танцоры из десятка стран мира.


Фестиваль проводится в этом году уже 11-й раз, но уже успел заполучить горячих поклонников. Для зрителей будут представлены танцевальные спектакли, праздники, конкурсы и т.д. Программу фестиваля тапас можно посмотреть на официальном сайте 


Место проведения мероприятия: Carrer de Balmes, 53, 08007 Barcelona, Spain. Это рядом с площадью Каталонии





Барселонский пляжный фестиваль  2017

Barcelona Beach Festival BBF 2017


фестиваль в испании, Barcelona Beach Festival BBF.jpg


Barcelona Beach Festival BBF – это первый пляжный фестиваль Барселоны с участием лучших ди-джеев. Настоящая мега-барселонская- супертусовка! Мероприятие в 2017 году проводится уже в четвертый  раз, но уже полюбилось публике.


Билеты от 30 до 150 евро. Смотреть цены - entrada


Подробности на официальном сайте: bcnbeachfestival.com


Место проведения мероприятия: Пляж Platja de la Pau (по адресу Carrer de la Pau, Sant Adrià de Besòs) – Барселона


билеты онлайн.png


см. цены на отели в районе Монжуик



30.06.2017 - 2.07.2017


Рок-фестиваль "Rock Fest Barcelona - 2017"


фестиваль в испании, Rock Fest Barcelona.jpg


Один из самых интересных рок-фестивалей Европы.


Цена билета:от 131 евро


Место проведения мероприятия: Барселона



7.07.2017 - 9.07.2017


Музыкальный фестиваль Cruïlla Barcelona


фестиваль в испании, Cruilla Barcelona.jpg


Музыкальный фестиваль Cruilla означает «Crossing» В этом году будет проходить  11 - й выпуск Cruilla Барселоны  - летнего музыкального фестиваля в Барселоне.


Cruilla за эти годы превратилась в один из лучших летних музыкальных фестивалей Барселоны, который собирает вместе около 30 тысяч меломанов , посещающих концерты в двух местах: в Парке дель Форум и на площадках Барселоны в районе Диагонали


В этом году в гости ждут Pet Shop Boys, The Prodigy и другие группы



7.07.2017 - 9.07.2017


Дни Harley Davidson в Барселоне


фестиваль в испании, Harley Davidson.jpg


Мероприятие для фанатов и любителей марки Harley Davidson.


Вход: бесплатно


Место проведения мероприятия: Барселона



13.07.2017 - 15.07.2017


Музыкальный фестиваль Internacional de Benicassim


фестиваль в испании, Internacional de Benicassim.jpg


Еще один трехдневный  музыкальный фестиваль этого лета в Барселоне.


Место проведения мероприятия: Барселона





Концерт U2 в Барселоне


Концерт U2 в Барселоне.jpg


Долгожданное выступление легендарной группы U2, которая остается популярно уже много лет.



Цена билета: от 200 евро


Место проведения мероприятия: Площадка Олимпийский стадион



Не только в Барселоне можно попасть на потрясающие праздники – пройдите по ссылке и посмотрите афишу праздников в июле 2017 в Каталонии.

          Wildfire Continues In Spain   
A wildfire which began earlier this week between Spain's Valencia and Castellon cities has continued to spread on Friday, according to emergency services.It has destroyed around 1,000 hectares of forest in the Sierra de la Calderona natural park, reports Xinhua news agency.The fire is believed to have been provoked by a lightning strike. On Thursday, it consumed around 600 hectares of land as it was fanned by strong winds throughout the day.The Regional Aut..
          Production outages in Asia lend slight support to prices   

By Mark Tay and Oleg Vukmanovic

SINGAPORE/LONDON (Reuters) - Asian spot LNG prices edged up this week as production outages in Australia, Thailand and Russia provided the spot market with some support after multiple weeks of muted activity in the region.

Spot prices for August delivery edged higher to$5.50 per million British thermal units (mmBtu) 10 cents higher than last week, said five trading sources on Friday.

Production at the Malaysia-Thailand Joint Development Area (JDA) A-18 block in the Gulf of Thailand, and Australia's Karratha Gas Plant that hosts the North West Shelf (NWS) project was hit by outages on June 24. Meanwhile, Russia's sole LNG plant at the Sakhalin-2 project was stopped for a planned maintenance from mid-June until mid-July.

The series of outages in the region would have typically caused spot prices to spike, traders said, adding that the limited price rise underscored how thin North Asian demand was.

Deal and market activity has been muted despite North Asia heading into the peak summer demand season as inventories in Japan and South Korea remain full.

"All (the North Asian) buyers have stocks, and don't see any urgency to buy," a trader said. "India also will slow down now as a good monsoon means electricity consumption goes down."

The supply disruptions failed to fully reverse weak Asian spot prices, tightening spreads with key European benchmarks to about 50 cents, and helping sustain a three-month trend of rising deliveries to the continent.

The trend took on a global dimension with spot LNG prices in Japan, Mexico, Spain, Britain, Argentina and the United States trading within the closest range seen since 2009/2010, Thomson Reuters LNG analyst Mathilde Jacobsen said.

Tightening global spreads, such as between Asian and European markets, reflect weak Far East demand and healthy supplies, although there is still no underlying convergence between U.S. Henry Hub gas prices and spot LNG prices on international markets.

With more LNG arriving on Europe’s shores, receiving terminals discharged more gas into local grids, terminal send-out data showed.

Outages at North West Shelf, affecting three of five producing trains, had limited impact on spot prices because the plant mostly supplies Japanese customers who have healthy stored inventories, thus curbing spillover into spot markets.

Production at Train 2 is scheduled to restart between July 1-3, while Train 3 is expected to start up over July 10-15, according to trading sources.

Operations at the JDA A-18 natural gas field in the Gulf of Thailand have yet to resume, Thai energy company PTT said on Friday. The firm declined to specify when operations would restart, but added that it was not seeking LNG imports due to sufficient reserves.

(Editing by Vyas Mohan)

          France, Spain, Italy & Portugal to Share Online Poker Pools   

Universally accessed, border-free online poker - at least in Europe - is showing signs of resurgence from its ashes.

At least that's the impression left after an announcement today from French gaming regulator ARJEL.

On July 6 the Regulatory Authorities of France, Italy, Spain and Portugal will sign an agreement for the shared liquidity of online poker.

As communicated by the General Directorate of Game Management:

"This agreement will lay the foundations for cooperation between the signatory authorities in such a framework and will be followed by developments within each jurisdiction that are necessary in order to make liquidity possible for the game of poker. "

After years of being in walled off, segregated markets, this is great news for French, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese poker players and means the opening of internet frontiers for players.

It also likely means a surge in new poker offerings from licensed online rooms to bring in new recreational players and expand the player pool even further.

reunion europe
Regulators make it happen.

In the Works Since Last May

The agreement between Spain, France, Italy and Portugal didn't emerged from nowhere.

Last May regulators from Germany, Austria, Spain, France, Italy, Portugal and the United Kingdom held a meeting in Lisbon where several aspects of administrative cooperation between the parties were discussed.

Issues such as money laundering and terrorist financing, new games, virtual currencies, cross border enforcement and prevention of fraud were discussed.

Shortly after the DGOJ held a meeting with the Danish Regulatory Authority (Spillemyndigheden), whose legislation is very similar to the Spanish one, and where also conversations of future were held.

UK, Germany Not Included for Now

While the inclusion of major poker playing populations like the UK, Germany and Scandinavia would be a dream it will be the countries of "Southern Europe" that take the first step on July 6 in Rome.

pokerlistingscom invades london for the wsope 11616
Adding UK would be nice, too.

France, Spain, Italy and Portugal will give their online players the opportunity to do something they have advocated for for years: to play amongst each other.

The expanded player pool will likely inspire poker rooms like PokerStars, PartyPoker and 888poker to consider organizing tournaments that take into account the overall pool of players from all four countries (although some operators are not yet licensed in some countries, like 888poker in Portugal).

It's also well known that the #1 French poker operator, Winamax, is preparing its entry into Spain, Portugal and Italy.

Details of the implementation are still to be sorted but the framework for cooperation should be in place the begin the process starting as early as next week.

w/ files from Alvaro Quiros.

Visit www.pokerlistings.com

          Rainer Kempe: “Fedor Pushes the Limits of What is Possible”   

27-year-old Rainer Kempe has racked up over $10 million playing live poker tournaments ... and even he's mystified by what his friend Fedor Holz has been able to pull off.

Kempe has solid tournament results dating back to 2011 but he caught everyone's attention last summer when he won the $300,000 buy-in Aria Super High Roller Bowl.

He beat Holz heads-up to win that event, earning himself $5 million. At that point Holz had been on the biggest heater perhaps in poker history, having earned roughly $10.5 million in the six months previous.

Holz continued the run with a win in the $111k One Drop High Roller for just under $5 million a couple weeks later.

“It's so tough to say,” said Kempe when asked about how much of Holz's success is skill and how much is luck.

“I would always say it's not possible to have that kind of edge but Fedor leaves me guessing. Maybe he does. He's clearly been crushing it forever and ever.

“I think we don't really understand variance too well even though a lot of people have thought about it in poker for a long time.”

Most recently Holz won two $50k High Roller events at the Aria on two consecutive days for a combined $750,000. His live earnings now total $22.9 million.

“Fedor really pushes the limits of what I thought was possible,” Kempe said, shaking his head.

Kempe's Gradual Grind to the Top

Kempe started playing poker casually while he was attending college in Potsdam. He was studying business administration but he says now that his heart wasn't 100% in it.

Rainer Kempe 4
"Back then I was happy to finish the night with five or ten euros."

Looking back, Kempe says at the time he had no idea there would ever even be such a thing as Super High Roller poker tournaments, let alone that he'd be playing in them and winning millions.

“Back then I was happy to finish the night with five or ten euros,” he said.

Kempe eventually moved to the UK and started taking live poker more seriously. He says he had success right away at low stakes and gradually moved his way up.

Now he says he's able to play the highest-stakes tournaments offered anywhere in the world.

"I grinded up gradually so it doesn't strike me as that surprising in a way,” Kempe said of his success and the fact that he's playing such astronomical stakes.

“I don't want to say I expected it and I definitely don't want to say I automatically deserve it because you have to get so lucky. But at the same time, I don't feel like it came overnight.”

German Staking Economy Better Than Other Countries

Kempe is part of a group of German players that have stormed the high roller tournament scene and, according to him, it has to do more with the staking economy in Germany than the sheer skill of the country's players.

“There are so many talented German players but one thing is that it's much easier to sell action for high buy-in tournaments in Germany compared to Spain or Russia for example,” explained Kempe.

“I feel like other countries have an equal number of talented players but they aren't able to take the same shots.”

Rainer Kempe 3
“I've really been breathing it in, all of it.”

Kempe points at the long history of high-stakes backers in Germany as one reason Germans have been so dominant.

“There's been a market pretty much from the very beginning when the high rollers were super soft,” he said.

“There were investors who bought action and were able to build their roll the same way players did. And then when the edges got thinner, they were able to gamble on smaller edges.”

Super High Roller Economy “Very Solid”

Kempe also says the Super High Roller economy is very healthy and that he doesn't expect things to change anytime soon.

"I think the super high roller economy is very solid,” he said. “Those events are definitely getting harder but I don't think that will change things.

“If the businessmen in the $100ks go on a downswing in poker it's not going to affect their life. They're going to keep playing as long as they enjoy it.

“And the regs, even though they might not make a lot of money, they're still profitable.”

Kempe is referring to the fact that most of the poker pros playing Super High Rollers sell a large part of their action. Individual players selling a lot of action is another way the super high roller scene is protected.

“I've really been breathing it in, all of it,” Kempe said of his experience in the poker world. “There are Super High Rollers all over the world and I expect it to stay that way for now.”

Visit www.pokerlistings.com

          U21 Euros – Disappointment for Bellerin as Spain are beaten by Germany in final   
Hector Bellerin played the full game as Spain were beaten 1-0 by Germany in the final of the U21 European Championship tonight. The Arsenal defender came close to scoring with a header in the first-half, but it was Germany who took the lead through Mitchell Weiser. Although Bellerin made some good defensive interventions it was […]
          Humiliation vs. Germany reveals how tall Mexico's task is at Russia 2018    
Germany's impressive attacking performance earned a comfortable win over Mexico and a spot in the Confederations Cup final. Germany's impressive attacking performance earned a comfortable win over Mexico and a spot in the Confederations Cup final. The FC crew have a heated debate in reaction to Mexico's rout defeat to Germany in the Confederations Cup semifinals. John Sutcliffe believes Mexico will feel they failed to prove themselves to the world's best after their Confed Cup exit. The FC crew answer your tweets on Germany's Confederations Cup squad, Juan Carlos Osorio's future with Mexico and much more. SOCHI, Russia -- If anyone needed a barometer of how Mexico's 4-1 loss to Germany in Thursday's semifinal of the Confederations Cup was received back home, the country's greatest player, Hugo Sanchez, provided it. The former Real Madrid striker talked about the structure of the Mexican game, the lack of autonomy of the league, national team and federation, and said those factors keep Mexico from making a jump to the next level. Sanchez added that teams such as Spain and Chile have been given...
Teledeporte 24 horas para todos los paises sin bloqueos, sigue todo el deporte español en este canal. Teledeporte es un canal temático de Televisión Española dedicado al mundo del deporte Teledeporte (TDP) is a Spanish sports channel owned by TVE, launched in 1994 through Hispasat. It was the second sports channel to launch in Spain, […]
          Jennifer Lawrence oo mar kale Sijaayada gaduudan ku dul kuftay.   
Jennifer Lawrence oo mar kale Sijaayada gaduudan ku dul kuftay.

 Atariishadda caanka ah ee Hollywoodka “Jennifer Lawrence” ayaa mar kale ku dul kuftay sijaayada gaduudan , xilli ey xayisiineysay filimkeeda cusub ee ‘The Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 2, magaalada Madrid ee dalka Spain.

Marki ugu horeysay ee arintaani ku dhacdo maaha Jennifer Lawrence, waxeyna dhowr jeer kuftay eyadoo ka qeyb geleysa xafladda amaalmarinta lagu bixiyo ee Oscar.

Atariishadda oo qaab qurux badan uga soo qeyb gashay xafladda, ayaa mar kale ka yaabisay taageera yaasheeda, oo qaarna daawanayeen kuftinteeda, qaarna loo gudbiyay, waxaana dadka qaar ey ku noqotay filin waa in mar kale Jennifer Lawrence ku dul dhacdo sijaayada dusheeda.

          " rincón de la abuela maría", “un encanto rural”   
" rincón de la abuela maría", “un encanto rural”. Esta casa rural se encuentra situada en la localidad de prado del rey, en la provincia de cádiz (spain), a las puertas del parque natural de la sierra de grazalema. Nos ofrece un bonito paisaje de la zona y de su cultura. El alojamiento, está acondicionado con una amplia zona de aparcamientos y jardines. Las instalaciones que la forman son: salón con chimenea, 3 dormitorios, cocina co...
          Mokoena jumps to bronze in ‘crazy’ Catalonia Open   

By Mark Etheridge Beijing Olympics silver medallist Khotso Mokoena picked up bronze in the long jump at the Catalonia Open meeting in Barcelona, Spain, on Thursday. One of only two South Africans in action, Mokoena rued windy conditions he rated as totally unsuitable for long jump. He leapt 7.53 behind Morocco’s Yahya Berrabah (7.75) and […]

The post Mokoena jumps to bronze in ‘crazy’ Catalonia Open appeared first on SASCOC.

          Even in Barcelona one can see the peripheries, Cardinal Omella says   

Barcelona, Spain, Jun 30, 2017 / 11:50 am (CNA/EWTN News).- “Enough with the jokes,” then-Archbishop Juan José Omella Omella of Barcelona said when he got the call.

But it wasn’t a joke: A friend was calling him from St. Peter’s Square to tell him that Pope Francis had just announced his name among the five men who were to become cardinals at a consistory which was held June 28.

After receiving the announcement, Omella continued with his plans for the day, including visiting prisoners. He met with journalists the next morning.

“Barcelona is a cosmopolitan city where people from all over the world go,” he told journalists in Rome this week when asked what it means to serve from the peripheries in his city. “You only have to be at the plaza where the door of the cathedral of Barcelona is for a moment to see that there they speak all the languages, and all races and all cultures pass. Or go to the Sagrada Familia to see the amount of people who come everyday.”

“(T)he Church, after the Council, wants to be the Samaritan Church that accompanies the people of this world and picking up those who suffer, those who don’t have a sense of life, who are in complicated situations such as war,” he said. “I think that the Church must be present in these worlds, and to make them understand that the Pope, [in] drawing and creating cardinals from these areas, [says it’s important that] the Church is present in these areas.”

Cardinal Omella was born in the small town of Cretas in a Catalan-speaking region of Aragon in 1946. In his priestly formation, he studied in Belgium as well as Jerusalem. He was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Zaragoza in 1970, at the age of 24. He served for a year as a missionary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

In 1996, he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Zaragoza, and in 1999 made Bishop of Barbastro-Monzón. He was appointed Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño in 2004. In 2015, Pope Francis appointed him Archbishop of Barcelona.

Since his episcopal consecration, Cardinal Omella has been a member of the Spanish bishops' social-pastoral commission.

Among the five men elevated at Wednesday’s consistory, Cardinal Omella, 71, stands out in that his selection for the College of Cardinals is in no way unprecedented, whereas Francis’ other choices had at least one unique aspect about their appointment. Cardinal Omella comes from a traditional cardinalate see – his three predecessors were also cardinals. His immediate predecessor, Cardinal Lluís Martínez Sistach, aged out of the electorate when he turned 80 in April.

“This isn’t about attaining great honors,” Omella told Vatican Radio May 22. “I’m not about making a career, but service.”

The Church has to “unite institutions for the common good, so that no one feels cast aside,” he said. “I believe that it is a job we must do at all levels.”


          Mitchell Weiser earns Germany Under-21s Euro 2017 glory   
Hertha Berlin wideman Weiser's 40th-minute winner gave Germany a deserved 1-0 victory in Friday's final in Krakow. Disappointing Spain were chasing a record-equalling fifth title but rarely looked like winning their third crown in four tournaments.
          Golf-European Tour French Open scores   
June 30 (Gracenote) - Scores from the European Tour French Open at the par-71 course on Friday in Paris. The cut was set at 143. -8 Adrian Otaegui (Spain) 68 66 Peter Uihlein (U.S.) 67 67 -7 Tommy Fleetwood (Britain) 67 68 Alexander Bjoerk (Sweden) 66 69 -6 Nathan Kimsey (Britain) 66 70 Paul Waring (Britain) 64 72 -5 Graeme Storm (Britain) 71 66 Thomas Pieters (Belgium)

          Keeping a Promise to the Polish People   

President Trump has a chance to set things right with America's most faithful ally.


It's unsurprising that the White House recently scheduled a presidential visit to Poland in conjunction with the upcoming G-20 Summit. The U.S. State Department describes this Central European country of 38.6 million people as a stalwart ally and "one of the United States' strongest partners on the continent in fostering transatlantic security and prosperity regionally, throughout Europe, and the world."

What is surprising is that, despite historical ties dating back to the American Revolutionary War, the strong alliance, and a robust domestic Polish-American population of about 10 million, the U.S. government hasn't found a way to treat Polish citizens the same way as it does those living in most other European countries when it comes to visiting the United States. Since it shed communism in 1989 after 42 years of domination and became a free and democratic state, Poland has unsuccessfully tried to gain entry into the U.S. Visa Waiver Program.

The U.S. failure to grant VWP status to Poland is an embarrassment to many Americans as well as a major disappointment and irritant to Poles and a succession of its leaders. Poland's former president and Nobel Laureate Lech Walesa described VWP entry as a "matter of honor" for Poland.

In a speech before the Polish American Congress in September 2016, Candidate Trump promised to remedy this problem by making it possible for Poland to become part of the VWP. His promise echoes that of his presidential predecessor, Barack Obama, who promised to do the same several years earlier but didn't deliver. Several previous attempts by U.S. Congress members to legislate a fix to bring Poland into the program have also failed. Congress is now considering The Poland Waiver Act of 2017 (H.R. 2388).

What is the VWP? The U.S. established the VWP in 1986 primarily to facilitate commerce and tourism between friendly nations. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security administers the program in consultation with the State Department. Since its inception, the program has evolved into a security partnership with special passport and security upgrades to detect and prevent terrorists, criminals, and other mala fide actors from entering each country. There are presently 38 countries in VWP, 29 of them European. The program features reciprocal agreements allowing citizens to travel on business or pleasure without visas and no application fees between member countries for up to 90 days.

What has Poland done to gain VWP entry? Three important ingredients for gaining VWP status are national wealth, a high Human Development Index, and a low-security risk. Poland scores well on each count. It has seen its economy dramatically grow to 25th in the world at $1.1 trillion. The 2017 United Nations Development Report classified Poland as a "very high" Human Development Index country with its 78 years average life expectancy, 99.8 percent literacy rate for males and females, and $27,700 plus average annual income. And with its strong American ties, NATO membership, participation in the Afghanistan and Iraq military coalitions, and the general absence of radical Islamic terror attacks on its soil Poland clearly isn't a security threat. Moreover, it has implemented and adopted VWP-related security measures and information-sharing protocols asked of them by the U.S. government.

What is preventing Poland's VWP entry? A provision in the Immigration and Nationality Act which requires a visa refusal rate of 3 percent or less to qualify for the program - and Poland's FY 2016 visa refusal rate according to the State Department is 5.7 percent, which although is a dramatic drop from previous years still doesn't pass the congressionally-mandated program muster. The State Department reported that 186,555 Polish citizens applied for nonimmigrant visas to visit the U.S. for business or pleasure. Each paid a non-fundable fee of $160. Of the applicants, U.S. consular officers refused to approve visas for 10,060 of them.

However, using the visa refusal rate alone to exclude a country from the program can be somewhat misleading. For example, the prime concern for U.S. immigration officials is not necessarily the percentage of visa refusals by U.S. consular officers, but the actual number of nonimmigrants from VWP and other countries who overstay their 90-day visit. DHS's FY 2016 Overstay Report reveals that VWP members United Kingdom had 20,670 suspected overstays; Germany had 18,780; Italy had 14,896; Spain had 11,716; and France had 10,358 compared to non-VWP Poland's 2,787 suspected overstays!

President Trump can take the following actions to facilitate Poland's VWP entry and/or make it easier for Polish citizens to visit the United States. One, he can urge Congress to pass the Poland Waiver Act of 2017; two, he can ask the DHS and State Department secretaries to determine the reasons why Poles are being refused visas at a greater percentage than INA requires and to determine if any legal and administrative remedies are available for Poland to achieve a lower rate; and three, ask the Secretary of State to determine if the $160 visa application fee for Polish citizens can be legally waived - as it has been for VWP member countries and like the Polish government has already done for U.S. citizens traveling to Poland.

One is hard-pressed to find a better friend and more loyal U.S. ally than Poland. For that reason, President Trump should keep his promise and use his leadership ability and/or executive power to ensure this matter doesn't languish in the Federal bureaucracy or Congress any longer. Making it easier for the Poland's citizens to visit the U.S. on business and pleasure would further cement the bilateral relationship and surely please millions of them and their American cousins.

donate button pub dom ok

A version of this piece also appeared on https://spectator.org/

          Could anyone end the Big 4's title streak?   

FILE - In this file photo dated Friday, June 9, 2017, Britain's Andy Murray in action against Switzerland's Stan Wawrinka during their semifinal match of the French Open tennis tournament at the Roland Garros stadium, in ... . Rafael Nadal of Spain serves a ball during a training session, at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships in Wimbledon, London, Thursday, June 29, 2017.

          Adur Ramirez presoaren senideek auto istripua izan dute bisitatik bueltan   
Aranjuezko kartzelan (Espainia) dago Altsasuko auzian espetxeratutako gaztea.
          Epaileak ez du delitu zantzurik antzeman Elhadji Ndiayeren heriotzean, eta kasua artxibatu du   
Espainiako Poliziak Iruñean duen komisarian atxilo zegoela hil zen Ndiaye. Epaileak dio "heriotza naturala" izan zela.
          Nafarroak ezjakintasuna egotzi dio Espainiako Kontu Auzitegiari   
Madrilgo Kontu Auzitegiak 2014ko eta 2015eko finantza informazioa eskatu dio Iruñeko gobernuari eta hark ukatu egin dio, eskumena Nafarroako Kontu Ganberarena delako legediaren arabera.
News Item...
          Messi goes to the altar with childhood Sweetheart Saturday   
Football superstar Lionel Messi is due marry his childhood sweetheart in his hometown in Argentina. The Barcelona player is returning to the city of Rosario to wed Antonela Roccuzzo, whom he met there before he moved to Spain aged 13. Argentina’s Clarín newspaper has variously called it “the wedding of the year” and “the wedding …



  •           Algeria Looks To Build On Spanish Exports For 2017 Gas Expansion   
    After reporting increased production for 2016, Algeria is looking to expand its natural gas exports to Europe, building on existing trade to Italy, Portugal and Spain.
              Spain Renewable Mix Slips But Remains Up from 2015   
    Continuing its push for renewable energy growth and lower dependence on costly oil and gas imports, Spain reported that its green energy contribution to its power mix stood at about 40.8% this year, down slightly from recent highs, but up from last year.
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    A new push to open a 3GW PV solar auction in Spain is under pressure due to the country's prolonged political morass, which has left Madrid without a majority government for months.
              7 Easy Tips for Teaching Your Child Spanish   

    UPDATED June 17th, 2017 Perhaps you’re fluent in Spanish or know the basics, but your kids are not picking up the language as quickly as you’d hoped. You may think it’s because you live in the United States or that you don’t have enough time to teach them. Whatever the reason, don’t get discouraged just yet. Here are seven simple ideas for learning Spanish. Don’t miss out on the chance to make your child bilingual! 1. Get an intercambio. Exchanging one good or service for another can be easy and a money-saver. When I studied in Spain, I put up a flyer for an intercambio in order to learn basic […]

    The post 7 Easy Tips for Teaching Your Child Spanish appeared first on Mamiverse.

              2017 Arkansas Times Academic All-Star Nominees   

    Bryant High School


    Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences, and the Arts


    Sacred Heart Catholic School


    Batesville High School

    Batesville High School


    Bay High School


    Beebe High School

    Beebe High School


    Benton High School

    Benton High School


    Eureka Springs High School


    Des Arc High School


    The Baptist Preparatory School


    Cabot High School

    Cabot High School


    Harmony Grove High School

    Harmony Grove High School


    Cave City High School

    Cave City High School


    St. Joseph School


    St. Joseph School

    Conway High School



    Danville High School


    Dover High School

    Dover High School


    West Side Christian School


    Eureka Springs High School

    Eureka Springs High School


    Fayetteville High School


    Southside High School

    Southside High School


    Cotter High School


    Gentry High School Conversion Charter

    Gentry High School Conversion Charter


    Guy-Perkins High School


    Natalie Burklow
    Greenwood High School

    Greenwood High School


    Sheridan High School


    Lakeside High School

    Lakeside High School

    Hot Springs World Class High School

    Hot Springs World Class High School

    Lake Hamilton High School


    Lake Hamilton High


    Hoxie High School

    Hoxie High School


    Huntsville High School

    Huntsville High School


    Jacksonville High School

    Abundant Life School

    Jacksonville High School


    Valley View High School

    Valley View High School

    Crowley's Ridge Academy

    Harrisburg High School

    Brookland High School

    Brookland High School


    Little Rock Central High School

    Little Rock Christian Academy

    The Baptist Preparatory School

    Episcopal Collegiate School

    Little Rock Central High School

    eStem High School

    J.A. Fair High School of College and Career Academies

    Catholic High School for Boys

    Little Rock Parkview Arts and Science Magnet High School

    Episcopal Collegiate School

    eStem High School

    Little Rock Christian Academy


    Lincoln High School

    Lincoln High School


    Bryant High School


    Glen Rose High School


    Central Arkansas Christian School


    Sacred Heart Catholic School

    Morrilton High School

    Morrilton High School


    Jessieville High School


    Mount Vernon-Enola High School

    Mount Vernon-Enola High School


    Mulberry High School


    Nettleton High School

    Nettleton High School


    North Little Rock High School

    Mount St. Mary Academy

    J.A. Fair High School of College and Career Academies

    Central Arkansas Christian

    North Little Rock High School

    Little Rock Parkview Arts and Science Magnet High School


    Paragould High School

    Paragould High School

    Crowley's Ridge Academy


    Perryville High School


    Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences, and the Arts

    Subiaco Academy


    Farmington High School

    Prairie Grove High School

    Prairie Grove High School


    Rogers High School

    Haas Hall Academy

    Rogers Heritage High School

    Rogers Heritage High School

    Rogers High School

    Searcy High School

    Harding Academy

    Searcy High School

    Harding Academy


    Wilbur D. Mills University Studies High School

    Sheridan High School

    Wilbur D. Mills University Studies High School


    Sylvan Hills High School

    Sylvan Hills High School


    Shirley High School


    Siloam Springs High School

    Siloam Springs High School


    Haas Hall Academy


    Van Buren High School

    Van Buren High School


    Walnut Ridge High School


    Yellville-Summit High School

    Yellville-Summit High School

    Cotter School District

              2017 Arkansas Times Academic All-Star Team   
    Meet the best and brightest high school students in the state.

    The class of 2017, our 23rd, is made up of athletes, coders, budding politicians and brain experts. There's rarely a B on the transcripts of these students — in not just this, their senior year, but in any year of their high school careers.

    Back in 1995, we created the Academic All-Star Team to honor what we then called "the silent majority — the kids who go to school, do their homework (most of it, anyway), graduate and go on to be contributing members of society." Too often, we argued then, all Arkansans heard about young people was how poorly they were faring. Or, when students did get positive attention, it came for athletic achievement.

    As you read profiles of this year's All-Stars, it should be abundantly clear that good things are happening in Arkansas schools and there are many academic achievers who deserve to be celebrated. You should get a good idea, as well, of how these stellar students are busy outside school, with extracurricular activities, volunteer work, mission activities and more.

    They'll be honored this week at a ceremony at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock with plaques and $250 cash awards.

    Many college plans listed here are not set in stone, as students await information on scholarships and acceptances.

    Age: 17
    Hometown: North Little Rock
    High School: Mount St. Mary Academy
    Parents: (guardian) Dennis Chudy
    College plans: Duke University

    Caroline Coplin-Chudy has a 4.4 grade point average — high enough to rank second in her class at Mount St. Mary Academy — and lost her mother to leukemia during her sophomore year, something she told us came to be a source of inspiration and drive during her academic development. "It was a big adjustment. After my mom passed away, it was just my stepdad. It's a weird realization coming to the idea that both of your parents are gone, and it's just you. ... I still think of her every single day. She motivates me to do well in everything, because my whole life I wanted to make her proud." Caroline is president of Mount St. Mary's Investment Club and of SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions). She's also been a regular volunteer for several years at the Little Rock Compassion Center, whose recovery branch provides meals and health resources to people suffering from addiction. Caroline said she found healing from her own grief in the friendships she forged there. As the recipient of a Questbridge scholarship, described by Caroline's guidance counselor and nominator Amy Perkins as a program where lower-income students qualify for tuition to schools with which they "match" via an early decision process, Caroline will attend Duke University on a full scholarship. "I'm going to study biology and psych, with a minor in Spanish. My plan is to work at the Duke Center for Addiction [Science and Technology] helping people with drug addictions overcome that sort of thing. It's something that I've had experience with, watching my family go through things like that."

    Age: 17
    Hometown: Pine Bluff
    High School: Subiaco Academy
    Parents: Sixte Ntamatungiro and Sylvana Niciteretse
    College plans: Rice University, neuroscience

    Axel Ntamatungiro grew up among books and maps dispersed throughout his home that "paint[ed] the walls with nuanced shades of knowledge." It shows. Not often can a high school senior explain, as Axel does, his love for studying the brain so easily. "Neuroscience is basically a neuron turning on and off," he said. "The fact that you have billions of these combinations that lead to consciousness, that's unbelievable." To continue learning about the mind, Axel is headed to Rice University on a full ride as a QuestBridge scholar. Maybe medical school or graduate school after that. Axel said his parents taught him a "humble intellectualism" that helped him understand "the irrationality of life." They always told him: "Work hard, but you need to realize you don't always get what you deserve." And life has been, at times, irrational and difficult for his family. Axel was the only member of his family born in the United States — in Little Rock in 1999. The rest migrated from Burundi in the early 1990s. They stayed here as the Rwandan genocide inflicted incredible damage in the area. That past was never hidden from Axel. "Instead of avoiding my questions, my parents level-headedly answered [them], telling me about Belgian colonialism, Hutu-Tutsi tension and the systematic poverty afflicting Burundi," he said. Maybe that is why Axel has never been afraid to ask big questions. He said it also helped to have a diverse group of friends who taught him new things. At his cafeteria table for lunch are kids from all over: Nigeria, Fort Smith, Japan, Bentonville and Russia. Everyone's small stories add to a global perspective, something bigger from something small, kind of like those neurons.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Springdale
    High School: Haas Hall Academy (Fayetteville)
    Parents: Brenan and Tiffany DeSpain
    College plans: U.S. Naval Academy, nuclear engineering

    For Jade DeSpain, the question, "Where's your hometown?" isn't necessarily as straightforward as it seems. The National Merit semifinalist, swimming star and Quiz Bowler spent much of her childhood in Beijing, where her parents — both fluent in Mandarin — taught her Chinese concurrently with English (and where, she notes, she acquired an "incredible prowess with chopsticks.") "We've moved around so much that I don't really have a 'hometown,' but Springdale is the closest I've ever gotten," she said. She's made her impact there, too, tutoring students free of charge through her volunteer work with the M&N Augustine Foundation and putting in time at the Arkansas Council for the Blind and the Springdale Animal Shelter. Jade is ranked second in her class, and her high school transcript is full of aced courses in trigonometry, physics and calculus. She's also the co-founder of Haas Hall Academy's coding club, so a career in nuclear energy development — Jade's field of choice — isn't just an aspiration; it's the plan. "I have a deep appreciation for nature," she told us, citing Devil's Den State Park as a spot to which she feels closely connected, and stressing the importance of preserving natural spaces and developing more long-term options for sustainable energy. On Christmas Day 2016, Jade checked her email to find that she'd attained something she'd wanted as early as age 12: acceptance to the U.S. Naval Academy. There, she'll major in nuclear engineering and complete her five mandatory post-Academy years in the Navy, after which she hopes to acquire a Ph.D. in the field.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Cabot
    High school: Cabot High School
    Parents: Dan and Melissa Elliott
    College plans: University of Arkansas, medicine

    Though many of our All-Stars seem destined from birth for academic greatness, there is the occasional inspiring All-Star who has had to overcome seemingly insurmountable odds. One of those is Cabot High School's Avery Elliott, who was born with nystagmus, a condition that causes involuntary eye movements that can make it hard for sufferers to concentrate and learn. Though it's hard to imagine it now, when she was in elementary school Avery found herself falling further and further behind her classmates in reading because of her condition. "That was difficult," she said. "I was behind schedule until about third or fourth grade. I would have to go home and really work with my parents to keep up with the rest of the class." Even though she struggled early on, Avery said that, in a way, the nystagmus contributed to her success and gave her a direction to follow. "I had to learn to really study even outside of school," she said. "I learned some very good study habits. But I think it also really affected where I wanted to go as far as my career. ... I really learned that a medical team can not only dispense medicine, but can really affect someone's life." A National Merit finalist who has volunteered extensively with Special Olympics and already completed 43 hours of college-level coursework, Avery has been awarded the University of Arkansas Fellowship. She plans to study medicine at UAMS after completing her undergrad degree, then practice in Arkansas. That goal has always pushed her to succeed academically. "I wanted to go into the medical field from an early age," she said, "so I knew starting out in high school that I needed to make very good grades in order to get where I needed to. I had to really learn the material, rather than just trying to ace a test."

    Age: 17
    Hometown: Cabot
    High school: Cabot High School
    Parents: Dan and LeAnne Gilliam
    College plans: University of Arkansas, engineering

    When most young people say they want to change the world, it's easy to believe that's just pie-in-the-sky thinking by someone who hasn't yet been through the Academy of Hard Knocks. When Jared Gilliam says he wants to change the world, however, there's a good chance he might actually pull it off. Jared even has a plan: He'll change the world through engineering. A National Merit finalist and AP scholar with a GPA of 4.18 and a perfect score of 36 on the ACT, Jared is well placed to do just that. A musician who plays percussion with the Cabot High Marching Band, Jared said his favorite subject in school is math. "I think I'm mostly interested in engineering because I've always been sort of a problem-solver," he said. "I've enjoyed math and science, working through things and finding solutions to everyday problems. This year, I've been in robotics, so we've spent time working on a robot to perform various tasks. I've enjoyed that a lot. I think engineering is where my ability would best be used." He'll attend the University of Arkansas, which has offered him the Honors College Fellowship. He said the drive to excel academically has always been a part of his life. "I've grown up being encouraged to do well, and I guess I have my parents to thank for that and all my teachers," he said. "I think knowing that I have the ability to do all of this, I feel compelled to do what I can to make a difference. I think life would be pretty boring if I didn't go out there and do all the things I do. I don't think I could settle for not being successful."

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Fort Smith
    High School: Southside High School
    Parents: Drs. Bill and Janice Keating
    College plans: Undecided

    If you were looking for a ringing endorsement of Ben Keating's character, you'd need to look no further than Amy Slater, the guidance counselor who nominated him for our Academic All-Stars roster and who said of Ben, "He is all the things I hope my son turns out to be. ... He really thinks about things, and he practices the trumpet and piano for hours a day. It's crazy, his dedication." Ben probably had something to prove here; he admits to some skepticism on the part of his mother when he announced he'd be pursuing a career in music. He's certainly proved his mettle; Ben is band president at Southside, was a principal trumpet for the 2017 National Youth Honor Orchestra, first chair for Southside's Wind Symphony and for the All-State Jazz Band and was ranked in the top-tier bands for All-State Band and All-State Orchestra each year from 2014-16. The accolades go on and on: Ben has received a Young Artist Award from the International Trumpet Guild, a Gold Medal from the National Piano Guild and superior ratings from the National Federation of Music Clubs competitions for over a decade. He plays for the Arkansas Symphony Youth Orchestra and as a volunteer musician for the Fort Smith Community Band. Ben is still deciding where to attend college, but wherever he goes, he hopes to continue playing with an orchestra. Eventually, he wants to teach at the university level. "Ultimately," he wrote, "I want to use my passion to unite people of all different races, backgrounds and cultures. In today's society that is politically and culturally divided, it is more important than ever to share the universal language of music."

    Age: 17
    Hometown: Hindsville
    High School: Huntsville High School
    Parents: Shannon Hahn
    College plans: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, biochemical engineering

    Katherine Hahn is ranked first in her class at Huntsville High School, which she attends because her hometown of Hindsville is too small to support its own school system. The population of Hindsville is "about 75 people," she told us. At Huntsville High, Katherine plays bass drum in the marching band and marimba/xylophone in the concert band and runs with the Huntsville cross-country team. Her real passion, though, is science. "I think I've always wanted to go to a college that was science-based and research-based," she told us. Her high school principal, Roxanne Enix, noted her own surprise when Katherine announced that she'd take 10 credits her senior year, instead of the recommended eight. "I thought she had lost her mind," Enix stated. Those credits, over half of which are in AP classes, are what Katherine hopes have prepared her for the rigorous workload at MIT. Aiming for a career in pharmaceutical development, Katherine plans to study biochemical engineering, something she said resonated personally with her as a result of her mother's struggle with skin cancer. "Biology helps me understand why medicine does the things it does," Katherine told us. "Whenever I first started out, I wanted to do environmental stuff," she said, but turned her attention to drug delivery systems after observing so many friends and loved ones battling cancer. "I want to help stop people from being scared of losing people," she explained. Katherine, a native of Tahlequah, Okla., who moved to Arkansas around fifth grade, has served on the Madison County Health Coalition as Youth Leader and was named Student of the Year in 2017 by the Huntsville Chamber of Commerce and Huntsville High School.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Little Rock
    High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
    Parents: Bob and Ann Burnside
    College plans: Stanford University, biology and public policy

    When this reporter mentioned to friends at UAMS that she'd just spoken to an amazingly poised, optimistic and intelligent young woman with a spinal cord injury, they said in unison, "You mean Georgiana Burnside." Her reputation as a teenager who at 16 was paralyzed from the waist down in a snow skiing accident but who considers the event a "blessing" no doubt goes further than UAMS, all the way to Denver's Craig Hospital, where she spent "the most memorable two months in my life," she said, and where she returns to continue her rehabilitation. What is a spinal cord injury? She answers that it is a) a life changed in a split second, b) finding out that a bad attitude is the true disability, c) a time to show off wheelchair tricks, and d) spontaneous moments of unfortunate incontinence. In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Georgiana writes, "my physical brokenness has developed wholeness in my heart about the capacity life holds for individuals regardless of their disabilities." In a phone interview, Georgiana, once a figure skater, talked about her work with Easter Seals, fundraisers for Craig Hospital, and giving talks and testimony about her faith. Georgiana has regained the ability to walk with hiking sticks and leg braces, thanks to the strength in her quads. And, thanks to support from the High Fives Foundation in Truckee, Calif., which sponsors athletes with injuries and which has paid for some of her rehabilitation, Georgiana returned to the slopes over spring break, skiing upright with the aid of long forearm equipment. At Stanford, she'll study to be a doctor, with a goal to return to Craig Hospital as a physician who'll treat other injured youths who, though they may have, like Georgiana, at first believed their life was over, will learn they have "a unique role ... enabling the advancement of society."

    Age: 17
    Hometown: North Little Rock
    High School: North Little Rock High School
    Parents: David and Susan Harvey
    College plans: Likely Mississippi State University, chemical engineering

    Mitchell Harvey is a big fan of the periodic table. "The elements are amazing little things," he wrote in his Academic All-Star essay. "They make up everything, yet we hardly see them in their pure form in everyday life." Mitchell decided they needed more exposure, so he started collecting examples of the elements and taking them to school for his peers and teachers to see. He extracted helium from an abandoned tank on the side of the road. He found zinc in wheel weights, grew crystals of copper with electrolysis and made bromine, which he describes as "a blood-red liquid that fumes profusely," from a "crude" homemade distillation setup and pool chemicals. Though you can buy sodium readily, Mitchell made his by melting drain cleaner (sodium hydroxide) with a blowtorch and then passing a current through it, separating the mixture into sodium metal, oxygen and water. His parents were OK with the procedure, he says, because he wore a Tyvek suit, three pairs of gloves, safety goggles and a face shield. While on a college visit in California last summer, Mitchell toured Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles and was impressed by the large periodic table display exhibit there. So he decided to build one for North Little Rock High. He got money from the school's alumni group, the Wildcat Foundation, to pay for the supplies necessary to construct the 9-foot-by-6-foot display. He hopes to have it completed in the next two weeks and fill it with examples of elements he has collected, though he may need additional funding to pay for other elements. No. 1 in a class of 687, Mitchell scored a perfect 36 on the ACT. He's also an Eagle Scout, and led a project to plant 800 native hardwood seedlings at Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park. After college, Mitchell said, he might start his own waste remediation business. "The business model I would be going for would be taking some byproduct that's hazardous and turning it into something useful."

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Mabelvale
    High school: Bryant High SCHOOL
    Parents: Kevin and Ruby Molder
    College plans: University of Arkansas

    Not everybody plays the mellophone and likes to draw up better interstate exchanges, but Carson Molder does both. The University of Arkansas Honors College-bound student, No. 1 in his class, likes to create three-dimensional schemes in his head, and has been creating road designs since he was young. But as a musician who plays the French horn in his school's orchestra and the mellophone in the Legacy of Bryant marching band, and who has won a band scholarship in addition to his Honors College reward to the UA, he said that one day he may be an audio engineer. "I'm going to put things together and see what sticks," he said of his future. Meanwhile, Carson said the internet has been his Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria, taking him to new places that he otherwise could not get to. "I can count on my hands the number of times I have set foot outside Arkansas," Carson wrote in an essay for the Arkansas Times. But with the internet, "I can gaze into the redwood forests of California and the skyscrapers of New York City without leaving my desk." Without the internet, he said in a phone interview, "I would not be at the top of my class." Carson added, "It's not going to replace going out and visiting these things, but if you're a kid and don't have the money to go out, you can visit Yellowstone." Carson, who describes himself as "really ambitious," is looking forward to studying with Dr. Alan Mantooth, the director of the UA National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission. The UA, he said, "will provide me the tools" he'll need to succeed in graduate school, which he hopes will be Stanford University.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Jonesboro
    High school: Brookland High School
    Parents: Kelly Webb and Jonathan Langer
    College plans: University of California, Santa Barbara, chemistry

    You might think that a student who is No. 1 in her class and a National Merit finalist with nary a B on her high school transcript might not consider one of her greatest achievements her selection as her high school's drum major three years in a row. But here's the thing: Schoolwork comes easy to Olivia Langer. "I never had to work hard," she told us. In fact, her style of learning is "conversation-based," she said; she enjoys "debate without argument." But music was different: "I struggled at points, and had to put in extra work to be good." Her selection as drum major was "something I know I've worked for," she said, and she has enjoyed the responsibilities that come with it. "I like to take care of people. The band calls me band mom," she added. Beside numerous academic awards, Olivia also earned a 2017 state Horatio Alger scholarship for students who have overcome great obstacles. Hers, Olivia said, was financial: She's always had a place to stay and food to eat, but she hasn't been able to afford academic programs. "Honestly, I wasn't able to visit any of the colleges I applied to," she said. So she will see the UC Santa Barbara campus for the first time when she arrives this fall. She's considering a double major in chemistry and anthropology; she's interested in the evolutionary side of anthropology, and plans to seek graduate and post-graduate degrees.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Alma
    High School: Arkansas School for Mathematics, Sciences and the Arts
    Parents: Eileen and Rick Parham
    College plans: University of Arkansas or Hendrix College

    On a visit to Hanamaki, Japan, with her school, Rebecca Parham noticed that once a month all the citizens would clean the front of their homes and shops. Folks would give each other gifts, too. "It was clear people tended to think for the whole," she said. "I thought that was really nice." An avid chemist, Rebecca did not just improve her Japanese on the trip, she brought those lessons of helping the community back to Arkansas. Her work has been at the intersection of heady science and community impact. In her robotics club, she noticed that girls were less likely to participate. "I decided that was not OK," she said. So, she designed a day with LEGO kits to encourage women to pursue STEM education. That desire to make an impact goes beyond school, too. For her senior project, Rebecca designed a test for homebuyers to see if meth had been cooked on their property (yes, meth). Her parents, on hearing of this project choice, asked her to "please explain a little bit further ... ." Here's the gist: The method of meth production in rural areas has shifted to something called the Birch reduction; older testing kits would no longer work. But Rebecca thought she could produce one that could. She designed a flame test. It finds lithium compounds left behind. The process of invention was "definitely frustrating," Rebecca said, but you "learn things you never thought of before." Rebecca did not plan to spend senior year in her dorm late at night "searching online" how to identify meth production, but she has a driving curiosity toward science and how it "connects to the world." She hopes to work in renewable energy — to be part of the global community, from Japan to Arkansas — making the world a nice place in which to live.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Searcy
    High school: Searcy High School
    Parents: Eric and Lisa Robinson College plans: University of Arkansas

    Grant Robinson's father is a cardiologist, and Grant long figured he would follow in his dad's footsteps. But now he's not so sure. Last summer, he was selected, among thousands of applicants from around the world, to participate in a Stanford University summer engineering program. He got to experience a taste of college life, to take advantage of Stanford's decked-out labs and to tour the area to see results of civil engineering. The most memorable part of the program? Grant's small group built a Rube Goldberg machine — a complicated gadget that performs a simple task in a convoluted way — that, by Grant's estimation, was "the most complex and aesthetically pleasing" in the program. It included an electromagnet the group handmade and chemical reactions triggered by the machine. Grant's academic achievements are the byproduct of a natural curiosity. He said he spends what little free time he has exploring YouTube, trying to figure out the way the world works. Another influence: His father, who pulled himself out of poverty to become a doctor, has always instilled in him the importance of hard work. The message clearly stuck. Grant is second in his class of 263, with a 4.27 GPA. He scored a 35 on the ACT. He's a Presidential Scholar. His classmates voted him most likely to receive the Nobel Prize. He also participated in Project Unify (now known as Unified Champion Schools), an effort by the Special Olympics to get young people with and without special needs to come together for activities. Grant helped plan a basketball tournament as part of the project. In the fall, he'll be rooting on the Razorbacks at the University of Arkansas.  

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Little Rock
    High school: Little Rock Christian Academy
    Parents: Jill and Steve Snyder
    College plans: Cornell University, industrial and labor relations

    Whatever you were doing by your senior year in high school, chances are you probably hadn't already authored a book, much less a book on the complicated intersection of taxation and politics. John Snyder has, though. His book, "The Politics of Fiscal Policy," explores the political aspects of economics, including the pros and cons of various governmental tax schemes and their effect on government spending. It's for sale on Amazon right now. "It's pretty concise," John said, "but I wanted a way to express all my ideas in economic terms. That was a great way to do that." A history buff who serves as vice president of his class, John has a stunning 4.49 GPA and is ranked first in his class of 129. Though he wanted to be a lawyer when he was younger, his plan now is to go into investment banking. "Ultimately I want to have my own hedge fund — this thing called an activist hedge fund — and eventually I want to be actively involved in politics, whether that's in the midst of my business career or after ... . I'd love to run for public office one day." At Cornell University, John will be studying industrial and labor relations, a field that marries his love of multiple subjects. "Basically it ties in business, law, economics and history all into sort of one degree," he said. "You can do limitless things [with the degree]. Some people go into law school, some go into banking, some go to politics. That's why I chose that degree." John said his philosophy is that we have only a limited amount of time on earth, and so we should try to make the most of our lives. "I think there are a lot of things I can do to change the way things currently are in society, whether it's related to business or in academia or public policy," he said. "If I don't play a role in that and I'm not striving to do my best, I would feel like I'm wasting my potential."

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Benton
    High school: Benton High School
    Parents: Haley Hicks and Brec Stone
    College plans: University of Arkansas, pre-med

    Benton High School's Big Man on Campus — No. 1 in his class, captain of the football team, an AP Scholar, straight As — can add to his resume the fact that he helped build his home. Preston, his two brothers and his mother bounced around a bit after her divorce, from Texas to Arkansas, living with grandparents and friends, Preston said. Then the family was selected by Habitat for Humanity, and he and his brothers pitched in to build their house. "It was the first place I could truly call home and it allowed me the stability I needed to grow into the kind of student I am today," he wrote in his essay for the Arkansas Times. Preston, who also helped build a school outreach group called SERVE to help new or struggling students, also credits sports for giving him purpose. He recently volunteered to trade in the pigskin for a basketball, joining a team that played boys at the Alexander Juvenile Detention Center. "It was an awesome experience," Preston said in a phone interview. "We were a little bit nervous at first" at the detention center, he said, but the team enjoyed the game — even though they lost to the Alexander team, formed to reward inmates with good behavior. "They practice every day," Preston said. Preston has received a $70,000 Honors College scholarship at Fayetteville. He won't be playing football with the Razorbacks. Instead he is thinking of following a pre-med track that will lead him to sports medicine. He plans to go Greek, as well.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Little Rock
    High school: Central High School
    Parents: Amy Yu and Shawn Bao
    College plans: undecided

    Karina Bao embraces complexity. The Central High School valedictorian (in a class of 636) is a member of the school's back-to-back state champion Ethics Bowl Team, for which she said she spent hours "researching, discussing and sometimes even arguing" case studies. Unlike debate, she said Ethics Bowl is "really about the back-and-forth and considering different caveats and nuances and considerations" in issues ranging from local food to gender identity. As president of the school's Brain Club, she leads discussions on brain diseases, disorders and anatomy. It's a role for which she's more than qualified: She placed first in the U.S. Brain Bee, a youth neuroscience competition in which contestants answer questions about anatomy and make diagnoses based on patient actors. Placing No. 1 in the U.S. competition landed Karina a trip to Copenhagen, Denmark, to the International Brain Bee, which happened to coincide with a Federation of International Neuroscientists conference, where Karina got to talk to scientists from all over the world about their groundbreaking research. She placed fifth in the international competition. A perennial outstanding delegate winner at Model United Nations competitions, Karina said Model U.N. has helped her to "not be scared of the complexity and interconnectedness of pressing issues we face today." In her spare time, Karina volunteers on the oncology wing of Baptist Hospital. "You don't get to do much," she said. "But at least we get to talk to people and help them with whatever they need and be there to listen." In her Academic All-Stars essay, Karina echoed the same drive for understanding: "The stories other people share with me become not my own when I retell them, but a part of humanity's collective spirit to understand each other. We grow from hours of listening and crying, to empathize, to have the strength and openness to pop each successive layer of the protective bubble that keeps us from seeing the very world in which we reside."

    Age: 19
    Hometown: Greenwood
    High school: Greenwood High School
    Parents: Mike and Robin Cohea
    College plans: University of Tulsa or Vanderbilt university, biology

    Though he grew up landlocked, far from the deep blue sea, Greenwood High School standout Bryce Cohea knew from an early age that he wanted to be a marine biologist. To reach that goal, Bryce had to start early. "In the ninth grade," he wrote in his Academic All-Stars essay, "I began planning out all my classes for the next four years. I wanted to graduate top of my class, and in order to do that I would need to take every advanced placement class and get an A in every class." That's exactly what he did, too, making nothing less than a perfect grade in every class for his entire high school career. With a 4.25 GPA and a rank of No. 1 in his class of 275, Bryce has volunteered extensively with the Salvation Army and collected shoes for the homeless; he helps unload trucks and stock shelves at the food bank at his church. A National Merit semifinalist, he also has the distinction of having scored the first perfect ACT score of 36 in Greenwood High School history. "I've honestly been a good test-taker," he said. "The first time I took it, I got a 34. After that, I got the test back and I worked on whatever I missed. After a few more tries, I got a 36." Bryce was still deciding on which university to attend when we spoke to him, but he definitely plans to study science. The subject has always interested him, he said. "I'm planning on majoring in biology and then specializing after that," he said.

    Age: 16
    Hometown: Rogers
    Parents: James and Hyesun Gosserand

    College plans: University of Southern California, Harvey Mudd College or Columbia University, computer science or environmental science

    Imani Gosserand has a journal in which she organizes the many moving parts of her life — competitive gymnastics, AP classes, computer science, Young Democrats, volunteering — into lists. Personal stuff is in there, too: bucket lists, remembrances. The journal combines the creative and the organized; it is problem-solving with an artful flare, which is how Imani operates. "I really like being able to create something of my own," she said of computer science. At a camp at Stanford University, in California, her team won the competition to program a car. Imani, not surprisingly, is good at math: She learned multiplication at age 4 and went on to skip two grades. Imani thinks schoolwork is fun. "We had a huge packet of homework problems we had to do over one of our breaks," she said. "And no one else was excited about it except for me. I was like 'Oh, I'm so excited to do all these problems!' " She brings that enthusiasm for problem-solving to bigger issues, as well. "I feel like there are so many opportunities for me because our world relies on technology, so I think I could go into any field," she said. She's excited to explore and see where she can help. "I want to meet people from around the world and hear different perspectives."

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Little Rock
    High School: Central High School
    Parents: Bobbi and Dustin McDaniel and Chris and Kim Fowler
    College plans: Yale University

    C.J. Fowler has long been around Democratic politics. His stepfather is former Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel. But C.J. said he decided to become more politically involved himself after he came out as gay. "The situation that I'm in is not great," he said. "People are not always accepting. But it's on me if I want to try to change that and make it better for the people who come after me. I have to make sure that my community and all marginalized communities have a seat at the table, because far too often a bunch of old gray white guys are making policies that hurt everyone else." The student body president of Central High, C.J. said he's tried to move the student council, a glorified dance committee, toward advocacy and activism for students throughout the district, whose future is being decided by those "people sitting in dark rooms." He said students too often get left out of the conversation about the district "because we're too young to have opinions. But we're not; we're living it every day." C.J. has been a fixture at Little Rock School District public comment periods. Though he can't point to any policy victories, he said at least LRSD Superintendent Mike Poore knows who he is and that he disagrees with him. C.J., who is also the executive director of Young Democrats of Arkansas, sees the backlash against President Trump as encouraging. "We're realizing that, if we're going to go all in for progressive values, we need to go all in." Rather than join the chorus of progressives in the Northeast after he finishes at Yale, C.J. says he wants to come back to Arkansas and possibly continue in politics. He admires state Sen. Joyce Elliott (D-Little Rock) and says he hopes if he ever holds office that he can follow her example.

    Age: 18
    Hometown: Fort Smith
    High School: Southside High
    Parents: Claire Price and Scott Price
    College plans: Vanderbilt University, political science

    "Growing up, I would always argue with everybody," Sophie Price said. Sometimes it was just to play devil's advocate, but mostly, it was because Sophie wants to find the capital-t Truth. Some of this digging for truth is class: seven AP course just this year and 12 during her time in high school. But, some of it is also talking with people, discussing issues. "The best way to improve your argument is to hear the counters, to hear the other side," Sophie said, and often she is willing to be convinced. She wants to do the right thing; she believes in justice. Which is why after college at Vanderbilt on a full scholarship, she wants to field arguments as a judge. "My whole life I've followed this ideal that you have to do what's right," Sophie said. "I want to be a judge so I can kind of decide that." Vanderbilt was the only school to which Sophie applied. She knew it was the right one for her. She arrived in Nashville on a rainy day in January, but through the gloom, she knew. "Something about the beautiful campus and the intelligent people and these varying perspectives just sold me immediately," she said. In a few months she was back at Vanderbilt for a camp where she studied law, and it cemented the deal. "There was something so exhilarating about being able to have this case and have the facts and kind of create your own narrative and really advocate for someone that drew me in," she said. Watch out, because "everything I do, I want to give it a 120 percent," Sophie said.

    Age: 17
    Hometown: Fayetteville
    High School: Fayetteville High School
    Parents: Anjanette Olsen
    College plans: University of Arkansas Honors College, chemical engineering

    Fayetteville High School’s top student, with a perfect ACT score of 36, a 4.2 gradepoint average and the co-author of a paper on fractal self-assembly, is not just a bookworm. She’s a leader, her counselor Cindy Alley says, who shows “grit, motivation to succeed and a desire to help others.” She is also, Alley says, “a pure joy to be around.” In her essay for the Arkansas Times, Meagan talked about how she came to understand “ternary counters,” a base-3 method of counting in which only the digits 0, 1 and 2 are used. (Binary counters of 0 and 1 make up our computer’s “thinking,” as people with 10 fingers, we use base 10 to count.) Meagan, trying to make a “self-assembling ternary counter,” said she banged her head against “endless walls” for weeks. Then just after 1 a.m., she woke up with the answer. It’s a wise child who gives credit where credit is due: “I understood,” she wrote, “my mother’s advice about taking a break whenever I was upset.” Meagan’s paper on fractal self-assembly was published in the 22nd International Conference on DNBA Computing and Molecular Programing. She no longer lets frustration prevent her from solving a problem; sometimes, she’ll just sleep on it. Meagan told the Times she plans to attend a small conference this summer and then take some needed down time. She plans to use her degree from Fayetteville to pursue biomedical research.
              Schlesinger Associates Acquires Full-Service Fieldwork Agency in Spain   

    US-based global data collection firm Schlesinger Associates has acquired research services company BDI Research, formerly Block de Ideas, in Spain.

    (PRWeb June 30, 2017)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/06/prweb14446726.htm

              Spain winger Deulofeu returning to Barcelona on 2-year deal   

    BARCELONA, Spain — Gerard Deulofeu is returning to Barcelona after the Spanish club triggered the buy-back clause in his deal with Everton on Friday.

    The 23-year-old right winger joined Everton in June 2015, on condition that Barcelona could re-sign him within the first two years of his contract.

    Barcelona said it has activated the clause and will finalize the transfer in the coming days. Barca said Deulofeu's contract will run through June 2019.

    Deulofeu came through Barcelona's famed La Masia academy, but failed to establish himself in the first team and spent seasons on loan at Everton (2013-14) and Sevilla (2014-15). Overall, Deulofeu scored five goals in 62 league games for Everton.

    He spent the second half of last season on loan at AC Milan from Everton, scoring four league goals in 17 games.

    Barcelona also said on Friday that it had agreed to transfer 25-year-old forward Cristian Tello to Real Betis, where he has signed a five-year contract.

    Tello had played on loan at FC Porto and Fiorentina for the past three seasons.

    Real Madrid also announced that it had transferred 23-year-old reserve team striker Mariano Diaz to French club Lyon.



    Blog Posts


              12 Affordable City Honeymoon Destinations Around The World   

    Planning a wedding can be a lot of work, from the catering to the flowers to finding the perfect DJ. Not to mention the high price tag. So when it comes to choosing an amazing honeymoon destination, we want that to be the easy—and affordable—part! Enter FlipKey. We looked at average vacation rental rates around the world for a weeklong summer stay (in a one-bedroom property), and hand-picked 12 of our favorite affordable city honeymoon destinations. For those who’d prefer to explore an urban locale rather than sit at the beach, these lively hot spots will fit the bill. With a rental from FlipKey, you’ll enjoy extra living space, added privacy, and useful amenities like a full kitchen, laundry, or outdoor barbecue area. Happy planning…and congratulations! Affordable City Honeymoon Destinations Atlanta, Georgia | $856 per week With professional sports, nightlife, and a growing culinary scene, Atlanta has become a major tourism destination. Honeymooners will fall in love all over again on the Atlanta SkyWheel, taking in views of the city from above. If you are looking for a little sophistication, the neighborhood of Virginia Highland is a great spot to browse boutique shops. Need a break from the urban energy? Piedmont Park is a perfect place to enjoy a walk and a picnic. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Satisfy your sweet tooth with a small batch of chocolate at Xocol ATL. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: You’ll find charming Canoe Restaurant, serving flavorful dishes daily along the peaceful banks of the Chattahoochee River. See all Atlanta rentals from FipKey! Denver, Colorado | $974 per week With 300 days of sunshine and gorgeous Rocky Mountain views, Denver is a top choice for your city honeymoon. Take advantage of the weather by planning a hike together, or settle in for a concert at the famous Red Rocks Amphitheater. Couples love the nightlife around Larimer Square, where you can end your romantic dinner with a horse-drawn carriage ride. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Dance the night away with your new spouse or sing along to the tunes together at Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: Fruition offers high-quality food without the pretense of fine dining. You’ll love the seasonal menu featuring fresh ingredients straight from the farm. See all Denver rentals from FlipKey! Houston, Texas | $936 per week You’ll be making a mistake leaving Houston off your honeymoon short list. A world-class arts scene, mouth-watering Tex-Mex cuisine, and beautiful parks make this city a must-visit. Houston is huge, and each neighborhood has its own style. North Loop has the best nightlife and restaurants in the area while Neartown is best for boutique shopping. The thriving arts scene includes resident opera, ballet, symphony, and theater companies. The Museum District houses 19 museums, all within walking distance. Our Favorite Couples Activity: After some fun-filled days in Houston, relax with a massage together at Sensia Studio & Japanese Day Spa. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: We’ve heard great things about the customer service at Brennan’s of Houston—and we’ve heard even better things about the Bananas Foster dessert. See all Houston rentals from FlipKey! Tampa, Florida | $753 per week This Florida honeymoon favorite has it all. Sun, sand, and nightlife to boot. Hit the beach by day, and seek adventure on the water with a parasailing lesson or charter fishing cruise. By night, find your way to Ybor City—the historic Cuban heart of Tampa Bay. Just follow the intoxicating music and mingling aromas. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Enhance your experience at Evangeline Spa with sips of champagne in between seaweed wraps. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: You’ll find comfort and Creole cuisine at Roux (think modern takes on gumbo and fried chicken) where you’ll feel like you took the wrong plane and ended up in Louisiana. See all Tampa rentals from FlipKey! Phoenix, Arizona | $653 per week You can confidently take a Phoenix honeymoon any time of year, as the weather is always accommodating. For couples that love golf, there are several award-winning courses ready for you to tee off. Honeymooners are often surprised at the number of cultural attractions here, too. Explore Native American history at the Heard Museum or peruse the fine collection at the Phoenix Museum of Art. Our Favorite Couples Activity: You don’t know romance unless you’ve held hands during a hot air balloon ride over Phoenix with Rainbow Ryders. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: A traditional dinner at Coup de Tartes is fantastic—but you’ll have extra fun dressing up and playing detective at a Mystery Murder event! See all Phoenix rentals from FlipKey! Calgary, Alberta | $596 per week Balancing modern conveniences with pioneer charm, Calgary has it all. For the outdoorsy couple, rent a kayak on Glenmore Reservoir or mountain bike around Calgary Olympic Park. Searching for thrills? Embrace your inner child at Calaway Park which has carnival rides (and don’t forget to treat yourself to cotton candy). In the evening, you’ll want to spend time on 17th Street where there is plenty of romantic dining and nightlife options. Surprise your spouse with a sunset trip to the top of The Bow. Our Favorite Couples Activity: We can’t decide the best part of The Spa Ritual. It might be the Bali Sanctuary (with exclusive, heated-stone chaise loungers) or the infrared saunas with color and audio therapy.  Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: Modern Steak is far from your typical beef cookery, combining a steakhouse with a swanky cocktail lounge. See all Calgary rentals from FlipKey! Vancouver, British Columbia | $861 per week Of all the cities on our list, Vancouver may be the most stunning selection for honeymooners. Since it’s on the coast, Vancouver is just a stone’s throw from beautiful sand beaches along Vancouver Island. If your idea of a good time is getting some fresh air and maybe a workout in, you’ve got options. Hike the Grouse Grind and reward yourselves with a cold pint at the end. You’ll find easy walking and incredible views along the Seawall. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Catch a concert or an exhibit opening at the Roundhouse Community Arts Center, which always has a full calendar of events. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: Hawksworth was named Best Upscale Restaurant by Vancouver Magazine five times! See all Vancouver rentals from FlipKey! Prague, Czech Republic | $781 per week Art-loving honeymooners: look no further. Prague’s beauty is second-to-none with old cobblestone streets, endless art galleries, and haunting Gothic castles to explore. Rest your feet at one of the cafes in the Old Town Center Square, also called Stare Mesto, and have a look at the 10th-century astronomical clock. When you’re ready to go again, take a stroll to Vysehrad National Cultural Monument and enjoy stunning views of Prague from this historic lookout point. Our Favorite Couples Activity: St. Vitus Cathedral awes visitors. From the spires to the stained-glass windows, you’ll appreciate every inch of this church. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: If you want white table cloths and gourmet cuisine, Kampa Park is the spot to go. An incredible candlelit dinner awaits you and your partner. See all Prague rentals from FlipKey! Madrid, Spain | $717 per week Many honeymooners describe Madrid as “walking into a fairytale.” You won’t see Cinderella here, but you’ll be expecting her after one look at City Hall or the Royal Palace. If you want a break from the city streets, walk through Retiro Park, which feels like you stepped into an 18th-century garden. It’s not all go-go-go, though. Madrid has a laid-back attitude where afternoon siestas are the norm. Our Favorite Couples Activity: See a theater show together at Museo Arqueológico Nacional de España where rotating acts keep things fresh. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: A former politician followed her dreams and opened up a restaurant in Madrid, cooking family recipes passed down for generations. That dream is known as La Cocina de Maria Luisa. Fresh mushrooms and truffles add a little something extra to many dishes here. See all Madrid rentals from FlipKey! Mexico City, Mexico | $573 per week Mexico City is a dynamic, fun, fascinating, and growing city honeymoon destination. See and feel centuries of history by walking through the crowded streets. You’ll gape at murals, tour museums, and be awed by the ancient statues. You’ll also find friendly locals, five-star restaurants, and an agreeable climate. This city is a feast for all five senses as vibrant colors and smells come bursting out of every corner. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Take a trip into history at Templo Mayor Museum. The collection shows the political, military, and aesthetic relevance of the city. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: For those who enjoy a fine wine, the selection at Restaurante Mercaderes will not disappoint. See all Mexico City rentals from FlipKey! Montreal, Quebec | $511 per week With its European-inspired charm and unique culture, Montreal wows honeymooners every year. The perfect urban escape, this Canadian city bursts with old and new architecture, hip and acclaimed restaurants, as well as a versatile list of popular attractions. With its cobblestone streets, sidewalk cafes, and museums, the Old Montreal neighborhood is beloved by locals and visitors alike. If history doesn’t appeal to you, wander around the Atwater Market and pick up some baked goods to eat by the Lachine Canal or to take home to your Montreal vacation rental. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Come for the gorgeous architecture of Notre-Dame Basilica, stay for the laser light show! The top-rated Montreal attraction on TripAdvisor, this church is a wonder to tour. Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: Barroco is a rustic traditional restaurant in a cozy and historic setting that is the hallmark of Old Montreal. See all Montreal rentals from FlipKey! Berlin, Germany | $699 per week It’s shocking when you discover that Berlin is nine times larger than Paris, and 75% of the city is beautiful green parkland! Honeymoon couples can easily find their way around using the new city transit system. History ranging from early civilizations to the 21st century is on display. You can have your choice of a symphony, a play, or an opera every night. Check out the Weltzeituhr Clock, topped by a model of the solar system. After dinner, certain neighborhoods light up with glittering nightclubs, modern bars, and dance halls which feature everything from techno music to rock and roll. Couples who love late nights can always find a place to dance until dawn. Our Favorite Couples Activity: Strolling around the Prussian Palaces & Gardens will leave you feeling as if you’ve entered a dreamland. Overflowing fountains can be found next to manicured shrubbery. Explore winding paths that will take you a whole afternoon to meander. How romantic! Our Favorite Romantic Restaurant: The Aigner restaurant is located in Berlin’s most beautiful square, the Gendarmenmarkt, and offers a blend of classicism and modernity from its interior design down to its dishes. The cuisine combines the best of both Vienna and Berlin. See all Berlin rentals from FlipKey!

    The post 12 Affordable City Honeymoon Destinations Around The World appeared first on The FlipKey Blog.

              Open de France. Two Tied at the Top.   
    There are two players tied at the top of the Open de France leaderboard, Adrian Otaegui,from Spain, and Peter Uihlein, USA share the honor as second round play is finally completed after a weather delay at Le Golf National, in Paris. Adrian, -5 under 66 today and Peter -4 under 67, are tied at the top … Continue reading Open de France. Two Tied at the Top.
              UK Deports Another Set Of Nigerians   

    The United Kingdom has deported another 28 Nigerians from its country on Thursday for remaining in the country illegally.

    The deportation came two days after Spain repatriated 23 Nigerians for immigration-related offences.
    Thursday’s deportees were returned aboard a chartered Titanic Airways plane with the registration number AWC-761/2.

    The deportees, comprising 21 men and 7 women, touched down at Murtala Muhammed International
    Airport (MMIA) in Lagos at about 12:15 p.m.
              Rihanna – Kissing with her BF in a Swimming pool in Spain, 06/26/17   
    Rihanna – Kissing with her BF in a Swimming pool in Spain, 06/26/17 Follow us on Twitter Downloading pics and vids from CelebsFlash is FREE. But if you post our content further, please add a tag “CelebsFlash.com” to the pic/vid name.                    
              Election of the Executive Council of UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission   

    Member States of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO have elected the new members of the IOC Executive Council. The Executive Council consists of up to 40 Member States, including the six Member States represented by the Chairperson and the five Vice-Chairpersons.

    The Executive Council meets every year to review issues and items from on-going work plans, and make preparations for the IOC Assembly, which is the principal organ of the Commission. Sessions of the IOC Assembly are held every two years to establish general policy and the main lines of work of the Commission, including the approval of the IOC Biennial Draft Programme and Budget.

    Representation in the IOC Executive Council Electoral Group I can consist of up to 10 seats; Group II of up to 3 seats; Group III of up to 9 seats; Group IV of up to 9 seats; and Group V of up to 9 seats.

    The results of the elections are as follows.


    • Professor Peter Haugan (Norway) Group I


    • Dr Monika Breuch-Moritz (Germany) Group I
    • Dr Alexander Postnov (Russian Federation) Group II
    • Mr Ariel Hernan Troisi (Argentina) Group III
    • Dr Somkiat Khokiattiwong (Thailand) Group IV
    • Dr Ashley Johnson (South Africa) Group V

    Seats on the Executive Council

    • Group I: Belgium, Canada, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey
    • Group II: Bulgaria1
    • Group III: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Grenada, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay
    • Group IV:2 Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Palau, Philippines, Republic of Korea
    • Group V: Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Kenya, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Senegal, Tanzania

    Each term lasts two years, corresponding to the interval between ordinary sessions of the Assembly. IOC Officers can serve for a maximum of two consecutive terms.

    For more information, please contact:

    Thorkild Aarup (t.aarup(at)unesco.org)

    1 Bulgaria was the only candidate for Group II.
    2 Pakistan withdrew its candidacy for a seat in Group IV.

              Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   


    © BBC World News

    Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.



    BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)


    1) Mother Africa

    In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

    Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10



    2) Cattle, crops and Iron

    Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

    Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10



    3) Gift of the Nile

    Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

    Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10



    4) The Kingdom of Kush

    In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

    Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10



    5) The Rise of Aksum

    Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

    Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10



    6) Kings and Emirs

    In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

    Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10



    7) North Africa

    In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

    Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10



    8) Pagans and God

    In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

    Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

    Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10



              KristenBjorn Sex Men Singlets Wagner Vittoria and Richard Rodriguez   
    Production year: 2017 Country: Spain Studio: KristenBjorn Genre: Muscle, Bareback, Latinos, Hung, Uniform, Hunks, Tattoos, Uncut, Hairy, Anal Sex, Oral Sex, Kissing, Rimming Duration: 00:21:12 Description: Wagner Vittoria has a surprise for Richard Rodriguez, singlets. At first he thought it …

    Read more »

              How does SII compare to other VAT reporting models in Europe?   
    The Immediate Information Sharing (SII) system comes into force in Spain on July 1, an electronic VAT return model that shares many features with those of other European countries Continue reading
              Senior Medical Officer (Onco-Hematology)   
    Salary: On Application (GBP)
    Benefits: Excellent and competitive benefits
    Location: England, United Kingdom,Belgium,France,Germany,Hungary,Ireland,Italy,Netherlands,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Serbia,Spain,Sweden,Switzerland,Ukraine,France - Alsace,England - Berkshire,France - Aquitaine,Franc ...
    Company: Chiltern
    Posted: 29 June 2017 08:51:35
    Expiry: 30 July 2017 00:00:00
              6/30/2017: Life: And Spain takes our retirees   
    MANY of the Britons who live in Spain have gone there to retire – while many Spaniards resident in the UK are young people who have come to work, official figures show. The Office for National Statistics put the number of Britons living in Spain last...
              Europe's extreme June heat clearly linked to climate change, research shows   

    Heatwaves that saw deadly forest fires in Portugal and soaring temperatures in England were made up to 10 times more likely by global warming, say scientists

    Human-caused climate change dramatically increased the likelihood of the extreme heatwave that saw deadly forest fires blazing in Portugal and Spain, new research has shown.

    Much of western Europe sweltered earlier in June, and the severe heat in England, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland was also made significantly more likely by global warming. Such temperatures will become the norm by 2050, the scientists warned, unless action is taken to rapidly cut carbon emissions.

    Continue reading...
              The Maureen Choi Quartet Bring Their Dynamic Flamenco String Sounds to Queen   
    Violinist Maureen Choi began her career as a singer; as the story goes, she switched to violin after a brush with death. She lives in Spain now, where she and her quartet play a passionate, dynamic blend of Andalucian, flamenco, Romany and South American sounds. The band’s latest album Ida y Vuelta (Round Trip) is […]
              Can Americans Get a Work Visa to Teach English in Czech Republic?   

    Yes, Americans (and others) can get visas to teach English in the Czech Republic

    Apart from exquisite architecture and great beer, one of the benefits for many Americans and other non-Europeans teaching English in Czech Republic is that it is possible to get a visa and teach legally.  Such is not typically the case in some other popular European nations like Italy and Spain where thousands of English teachers work on tourist visas.  Below is a run-down on how Americans and others can get work visas to teach English in the Czech Republic.

              I can fix that! Amateur ruins Spanish painting   

    Would you think to match your art skills against a classical artist? Probably not, but that's just what a well-intentioned woman in her 80s did recently in Spain.Would you think to match your art skills against a classical artist? Probably not, but that's just what a well-intentioned woman in her 80s did recently in Spain.

              Guía de lanzamientos en Nintendo: julio de 2017. ¡Explota, explótame, expló!   

    300617 Lanzanintendo

    Habiendo repasado ayer los lanzamientos de PlayStation de julio, hoy toca hacer lo propio con esos juegos de Nintendo que se pondrán a la venta dicho mes en Switch, 3DS y Wii U (sí, que aún no está muerta aunque haya cesado su producción).

    Al contrario que en la familia de Sony, Nintendo sí que contará con algún exclusivo de peso (y real) en julio. Aunque también es cierto que contará con una cantidad menor de lanzamientos. Sea como fuere, lo gordo vendrá más adelante.

    Cabe recordar, por otro lado, que algunos lanzamientos no se concretan hasta la última semana, de ahí que figuren pocos (por ahora) de la Nintendo eShop.

    Kirby se vuelve a independizar en formato digital

    300617 Lanzanintendo 01

    Kirby le está pillando el gusanillo a eso de ofrecer, por separado, experiencias que ya venían dentro de 'Kirby Planet Robobot' con motivo de su 25 aniversario. Aparte del free-to-play 'Team Kirby Clash Deluxe' publicado en abril, 'Kirby's Blowout Blast' estará disponible a partir del 6 de julio en la eShop de Nintendo 3DS.

    Un día después, esto es, el viernes, 7 de julio, llegará a las tiendas 'Cars 3: Hacia la Victoria' para Wii U (44,90 euros) y Switch (54,90 euros), con motivo de la peli.

    Splatoon 2, el regreso del shooter más refrescante

    300617 Lanzanintendo 02

    Tan criticada por explotar a Mario y cía, Nintendo se sacó de la chistera en 2015 un shooter que revolucionó el mercado. Hablamos del 'Splatoon' de Wii U, un juego que se fue perfeccionando con el paso de los meses gracias al contenido gratuito (o a permitir el control clásico), y del que se espera ahora mucho con motivo de su secuela, 'Splatoon 2', para Nintendo Switch. A la venta el día 21 por 49,90 euros.

    Sin la misma repercusión mediática, especialmente en el mercado occidental, no podemos olvidar el action-RPG 'Fate/Extella: The Umbral Star' para Switch, ese mismo viernes, 21, tras su paso por consolas PlayStation hace meses.

    Los Pikmin acompañan a la New Nintendo 2DS XL

    300617 Lanzanintendo 03

    Nintendo se despedirá de julio el día 28 a lo grande con el lanzamiento de la New Nintendo 2DS XL, disponible por 149,94 euros en dos colores (Negro y Turquesa, o bien Blanco y Naranja). Aunque el nuevo modelo de la familia 3DS no vendrá sola, sino que estará acompañada de otros juegos que se venderán aparte ese mismo día, empezando por 'Hey! Pikmin', spin-off de las aventuras del capitán Olimar con los diminutos seres en forma de plataformas en 2D. Costará 34,90 euros.

    Al igual que 'Miitopia' (34,90 euros) y 'Brain Training Infernal' (24,95 euros).

    Nintendo Switch, ya en digital, recibirá 'Namco Museum' ese mismo día.

    Lanzamientos de videojuegos de 2017

    Calendario | iCal, HTML

              En la jungla vas a esperar hasta un 5 o un 8 sacar. Cazando Gangas 109   

    300617 Gangas

    Toca despedirse de junio a lo grande, con un Cazando Gangas que engloba las mejores ofertas de los principales servicios. ¡Menuda semanita se ha juntado!

    Ofertas de videojuegos para PC

    Empezamos seleccionando (otra vez) las mejores ofertas de Steam.

    • 'Half-Life 2' por 0,99 euros.
    • 'Hyper Light Drifter' por 9,99 euros
    • 'Firewatch' por 8,99 euros
    • Edición GOTY de 'La Tierra-Media: Sombras de Mordor' por 3,99 euros.
    • 'Metro Redux' por 7,49 euros.
    • 'Ori and the Blind Forest: Definitive Edition' por 9,99 euros.
    • 'SUPERHOT' por 13,79 euros.
    • 'Tyranny' por 22,49 euros.
    • 'Dishonored 2' por 19,99 euros.
    • 'DOOM' por 14,49 euros.
    • 'Left 4 Dead 2' por 1,99 euros.
    • 'Burnout Paradise: The Ultimate Box' por 2,49 euros.
    • 'Age of Empires II HD' por 4,99 euros.
    • 'Cities: Skylines' por 7,49 euros.
    • 'XCOM 2' por 16,49 euros.
    • 'Fallout 4' por 14,99 euros.
    • Edición GOTY de 'The Witcher 3' por 24,99 euros.
    • Cambiamos de tercio hasta GOG, donde también tienen la edición GOTY de la última aventura de Geralt de Rivia al mismo precio, 24,99 euros, pero con 2,80 euros de regalo para futuras compras. Además, si compramos éste u otro de la promoción de esta semana, nos regalan una copia de 'Double Dragon Trilogy'.
    • Da igual el que sea, con tal de que paguemos por un juego dentro de esa promo. Como por ejemplo, el 'Baldur's Gate: Enhanced Edition' por 5,89 euros, o su secuela, por otros 5,89 euros. Aunque si vamos a lo barato, nada supera al 'Commmandos 2+3', por 0,89 euros, y con el 'Double Dragon Trilogy' de regalo.

    Ofertas de videojuegos para consolas

    Xbox 360 y Xbox One

    Iniciada la Ultimate Game Sale de verano, seleccionamos las mejores ofertas:

    PS3, PS4 y PS Vita

    En PlayStation Store aún siguen activos los Descuentos Dobles. Aquí los mejores:

    • 'Destiny: The Collection' por 23,99 euros.
    • 'Grand Theft Auto: The Trilogy' por 13,99 euros.
    • 'Metro Redux' por 8,99 euros.
    • Edición Deluxe de 'Plants vs. Zombies: Garden Warfare 2' por 14,99 euros.
    • La edición GOTY de 'The Witcher 3' por 24,99 euros.
    • Y ya entre la promo "Descuentos Digitales", algunos tan destacables como 'Shadow Complex Remastered' por 5,99 euros, 'Firewatch' por 6,99 euros, 'Hard Reset Redux' por 8,99 euros, o 'Jotun: Valhalla Edition' por 5,99 euros.

    Novedades y reservas

    • Con todo el revuelo que ha levantado la SNES Mini, explicando cómo se podía reservar, no extraña que a estas alturas esté agotada en todas las tiendas. Os recomendamos, en cualquier caso, revisar de manera periódica cada día.
    • De lo que acaba de debutar en tiendas, tenemos 'Crash Bandicoot N.Sane Trilogy' por 34,90 euros, y ya 'Micro Machines World Series' por 24,95 euros.
    • Hoy también sale 'Valkyria Revolution' (en edición limitada) por 34,90 euros.
    • 'Cars 3: Hacia la Victoria', a la venta la próxima semana, llega hasta los 54,90 euros en sistemas actuales, siendo 'Splatoon 2', exclusivo de Switch, otro recomendable para los niños (y adultos, ojo) por 49,90 euros. Sin olvidar ese 'Hey! Pikmin' para Nintendo 3DS, por 34,90 euros, de finales de mes.
    • 'Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age', por su parte, saldrá por 44,90 euros.

    Como siempre, tenéis los comentarios para reflejar cualquier otro tipo de oferta o ganga. También tenéis otras alternativas sobre tecnología y sobre Apple.

    Nota: algunos de los enlaces aquí publicados son de afiliados. A pesar de ello, ninguno de los productos mencionados han sido propuestos ni por las marcas ni por las tiendas, siendo su introducción una decisión única del equipo de editores.

              Indian American Krishna R Urs nominated as US Ambassador to Peru   
    WASHINGTON (TIP): Indian-American diplomat Krishna R Urs has been nominated as the new US Ambassador to Peru by President Trump. A 31-year veteran of the Foreign Service, Krishna “Kris” R. Urs assumed duties as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Madrid, Spain in June 2014, and Chargé d’Affaires in January 2017.  Previously, […]
              For sale - 4 Bedroom Sierra Blanca, Spain (ref. ... - €2,190,000   

    Sierra Blanca 79851, TX, United States
    ...with open views to pool and garden area. Constructed with the technologically advanced sismo building concept including the ultimate development of Smart Home System. The urbanization boasts a huge pool, ...

              Germany U21 1 Spain U21 0: Asensio, Saul & Co denied as Weiser seals title   

    Watch Latest Football Highlights, Matches, Teams, Players, Live Scores, Fixtures & Much more right here http://www.footyswag.com/

    Like FootySwag on Facebook:

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    Autor: avatarFootySwag
    Tags: Germany national under-21 football team Spain national under-21 football team
    gepostet: 01 Juli 2017

              Extended Highlights - Germany U21 Vs Spain U21 Euros 2017   

    Extended Highlights - Germany U21 Vs Spain U21 Euros 2017
    Germany vs Spain Sub 21
    Germany U21 Vs Spain U21 Euros 2017 Final
    Germany U21 Vs Spain U21 Euros 2017 Final
    Germany U21 Vs Spain U21 Euros 2017 Final
    Uitgebreide Hoogtepunten - Duitsland U21 Vs Spanje U21 Euro 2017
    Uitgebreide Hoogtepunten - Duitsland U21 Vs Spanje U21 Euro 2017
    Deutschland U21 gegen Spanien U21 Euros 2017
    Deutschland U21 gegen Spanien U21 Euros 2017

    Autor: avatargameofsports
    Tags: Football Germany vs Spain Germany 1-0 Spain Germany u21 highlights Spain u21 highlights germany 2017 spain 2017 Germany u-21 Spain u-21 Euros u-21 Final
    gepostet: 01 Juli 2017

              6/30/2017: PRESTIGE: Swift and serene   

    IN French, “manifestation” means “demonstration”. This is the reason, we’re told by other drivers stuck in the lengthening queue of traffic, for the holdup on the road from Andorra, the micro-state perched high in the Pyrenees between France and Spain,...
              Ballet Hispanico to Perform at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival This July   

    Ballet Hispánico will perform at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival at the Ted Shawn Theater, 358 George Carter Road, Becket, MA 01223, from July 26-30, 2017.

    Ballet Hispanico brings captivating style, crisp technique, and charismatic bravado to the Ted Shawn Theatre.

    Ballet Hispanico offers the thrilling diversity of Latino culture-a fusion of classical, Latin, and contemporary dance. The program features the Pillow-commissioned and flamenco-inspired Línea Recta by Colombian-Belgian choreographer Annabelle Lopez Ochoa, set to Spanish guitar by Eric Vaarzon Morel. Other works include Eduardo Vilaro's Danzón, which features a contemporary take on the national dance of Cuba, and El Beso by award-winning Spanish choreographer Gustavo Ramírez Sansano.

    Performances play Wednesday-Saturday at 8pm; Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday at 2pm. Tickets are $45-78 and are available at www.jacobspillow.org/events/ballet-hispanico.


    Línea Recta (2016)
    Choreography by Annabelle Lopez Ochoa

    From one of today's most sought-after choreographers comes a powerful and resonant work that explores an intriguing aspect of flamenco dance: the conspicuous absence of physical partnering. While maintaining the integrity and hallmark passion of the genre, Annabelle Lopez Ochoa imagines an original and explosive movement language premised upon the theme of partnership and performed to live flamenco guitar by Eric Vaarzon Morel. Línea Recta came to fruition through Ballet Hispánico's Instituto Coreográfico, an innovative choreography lab program for Latino dance makers. Línea Rectais Annabelle Lopez Ochoa's third original work for Ballet Hispánico under Eduardo Vilaro; the Company previously commissioned and performed audience favorites Mad'moiselle (2010) and Sombrerísimo (2013). BalletHispánico also acquired and performed Lopez Ochoa's Before After (2002), Nube Blanco (2008) and Locked Up Laura (2009).

    Danzón (2012)
    Choreography by Eduardo Vilaro

    Danzón has been called the official dance of Cuba. Having evolved from the Haitian contradance, its history is steeped in the fusion of cultures. But danzón is also used throughout Latin America as a term of celebration, a coming together of community and a way of maintaining identity. Fusing Afro-Cuban social dance movements with contemporary and classical dance forms, Eduardo Vilaro has taken this traditional and quintessentially Cuban dance form and reinvented it as a joyous celebration of music and movement. Mr. Vilaro is the Artistic Director and Chief Executive Officer of Ballet Hispánico.

    El Beso (2014)
    Choreography by Gustavo Ramírez Sansano

    Award-winning Spanish choreographer Gustavo Ramírez Sansano (a Dance Magazine "25 to Watch" pick) premiered his first commission for BalletHispanico in 2014. , a tongue-in-cheek look at the iconic nature of a kiss with original costumes by Venezuelan fashion designer Angel Sanchez.


    ANNABELLE LOPEZ OCHOA (Choreographer) is a sought-after Belgo-Colombian choreographer that since 2003 has created works for more than 40 companies around the world such as Scapino Ballet, Dutch National Ballet, Djazzex, GenEva Ballet, Royal Ballet of Flanders, Gothenburg Ballet, Pennsylvania Ballet, BalletX, BJM-Danse Montreal, Luna Negra Dance Theater, Ballet National de Marseille, Saarbrucken Ballet, Jacoby & Pronk, Chemnitzer Ballet, Ballet Hispánico, Morphoses Wheeldon Company, Whim W'Him, IncolBallet de Colombia, Finnish National Ballet, Compania Nacional de Danza Madrid, Pacific Northwest Ballet, Scottish Ballet, The Washington Ballet, Ballet Nacional Dominicano, Ballet Saarbrucken, Augsburg Ballet, Ballet Austin, Atlanta Ballet, Grand Rapids Ballet, Ballet Moscow, BalletNacional de Cuba, West Australian Ballet, Danza Contemporanea de Cuba, Ballet Nacional Chileno, Ballet Staatstheater am Gartnerplatz Munchen, BalletManila, Daniil Simkin Intensio Project, Cincinnati Ballet, Silicon Valley Ballet, Joffrey Ballet, English National Ballet and New York City Ballet. In the fall of 2007 she was selected to participate with the prestigious New York Choreographic Institute. Dance Magazine named her work Cylindrical Shadows, performed by Pacific Northwest Ballet, as one of the highlights of 2012. Her full-length narrative ballet A Streetcar Named Desire has been awarded with 'Best Classical Choreography' by the Circle of Critics of the National Dance Award UK, the South Bank Sky Arts Awards for "Best New Production" and has been nominated for an Olivier Award 2012.

    GUSTAVO RAMIREZ SANSANO (Choreographer) was Artistic Director of Luna Negra Dance Theater from 2009-2013, after directing proyectoTITOYAYA in Valencia, Spain for four years. Sansano has been the recipient of numerous awards for his choreography, including first prizes at the Ricard Moragas competition in Barcelona, the Dom Perignon choreographic competition in Hamburg, and at Las Artes Escénicas de la Comunidad Valenciana. He has been commissioned to create works for Compania Nacional de Danza, the Hamburg Ballet, TanzTheaterMünchen, Budapest Dance Theater, National Dance Company Wales, Norrdans, Gyori Ballet, Balletto dell'Esperia, BalletMet, IT dansa, Ballet Junior de Genève, and Nederlands Dans Theater, among others. As a dancer, Sansano performed works by Jacopo Godani, Hans Van Manen, Ji?í Kylián, Ohad Naharin, Johan Inger, Paul Lightfoot, Victor Ullate and many more, working for the BalletJoven de Alicante, Ballet Contemporaneo de Barcelona, Ballet de la Comunidad de Madrid, Nederlands Dans Theater II and Hubbard Street Dance Chicago. Gustavo was chosen by the magazine POR LA DANZA for its 15th anniversary as one of the 'Fifteen Choreographers to Watch.' Dance Magazine featured Luna Negra's artistic director, Gustavo Ramírez Sansano, in its annual '25 to Watch' list 2012, and was named 'Chicagoan of the Year in Arts & Entertainment' by the Chicago Tribune.

    Eduardo Vilaro (Choreographer) joined Ballet Hispánico as Artistic Director in August 2009, becoming only the second person to head the company since it was founded in 1970. In 2015, Mr. Vilaro took on the additional role of Chief Executive Officer of Ballet Hispánico. He has been part of the Ballet Hispánico family since 1985 as a principal dancer and educator, after which he began a ten-year record of achievement as Founder and Artistic Director of Luna Negra Dance Theater in Chicago. Mr. Vilaro has infused Ballet Hispánico's legacy with a bold and eclectic brand of contemporary dance that reflects America's changing cultural landscape. Born in Cuba and raised in New York from the age of six, he is a frequent speaker on the merits of cultural diversity and dance education.

    Mr. Vilaro's own choreography is devoted to capturing the spiritual, sensual and historical essence of the Latino cultures. He created over 20 ballets for Luna Negra and has received commissions from the Ravinia Festival, the Chicago Sinfonietta, the Grant Park Festival, the Lexington Ballet and the Chicago Symphony. In 2001, he was a recipient of a Ruth Page Award for choreography, and in 2003, he was honored for his choreographic work at Panama's II International Festival of Ballet. In 2016, he was inducted into the Bronx Walk of Fame.

    Jacob's Pillow, celebrating its 85th Festival in 2017, is a National Historic Landmark, recipient of the National Medal of Arts, and home to America's longest-running international dance festival. Each Festival includes more than 50 national and international dance companies and 350 free and ticketed performances, talks, tours, classes, exhibits, and events. The School at Jacob's Pillow, one of the most prestigious professional dance training centers in the U.S., encompasses the diverse disciplines of Ballet, Cultural Traditions, Contemporary, and Musical Theatre Dance, as well as an Intern Program in various disciplines of arts administration, design, video, and production. The Pillow's extensive Archives, open year-round to the public, chronicle more than a century of dance in photographs, programs, books, costumes, audiotapes, and videos. Notable artists who have created or premiered dances at the Pillow include choreographers Antony Tudor, Agnes De Mille, Alvin Ailey, Donald McKayle, Kevin Mckenzie, Twyla Tharp, Ralph Lemon, Susan Marshall, Trisha Brown, Ronald K. Brown, Wally Cardona, Andrea Miller, and Trey McIntyre; performed by artists such as Mikhail Baryshnikov, Carmen De Lavallade, Mark Morris, Dame Margot Fonteyn, Edward Villella, Rasta Thomas, and hundreds of others. On March 2, 2011, President Barack Obama honored Jacob's Pillow with a National Medal of Arts, the highest arts award given by the United States Government, making the Pillow the first dance presenting organization to receive this prestigious award. For more information, visit www.jacobspillow.org.

              Juilliard Chair Joins Boston Conservatory at Berklee as Dean of Music   

    Today, Boston Conservatory at Berklee announced Michael Shinn, D.M.A., as dean of music. The appointment will begin on August 15.

    Shinn joins Boston Conservatory from the Juilliard School, where he is chair of keyboard studies and an instructor of piano, chamber music, piano pedagogy, keyboard skills, and analysis for performers. In addition, he serves on the piano faculty of Juilliard's Evening Division, and is a senior advisor for educational and artistic programs at Juilliard Global Ventures.

    "We are delighted to welcome Michael to Boston Conservatory at Berklee," said Cathy Young, executive director of Boston Conservatory at Berklee. "His dynamic work as a performer, educator, and arts entrepreneur is both energizing and inspiring."

    Berklee President Roger H. Brown echoed Young's welcome. "Michael is a vibrant and visionary addition to the Conservatory's leadership team. He is also a triathlete who will bring great energy and endurance to this vital task."

    Shinn boasts an impressive portfolio as a performer, educator, arts advocate, and entrepreneur. In addition to his extensive work teaching and building online learning tools at Juilliard, Shinn is the cofounder and codirector of pianoSonoma, a unique music festival that brings together artists in residence and musicians of all backgrounds to collaborate and perform in Sonoma County. Since its launch in 2011, the festival has garnered international acclaim and expanded to include a vibrant young artist program, designed to engage and inspire the next generation of talented musicians. Shinn also enjoys an active performance career, performing regularly as a recital pianist and chamber musician throughout the U.S. and abroad.

    At the Conservatory, Shinn will draw upon his previous work with online learning and course building, helping the school to incorporate more technology and entrepreneurship into its esteemed music programs.

    "Michael has a track record of groundbreaking and high-quality work in music education," said Joe Bennett, vice president of academic affairs for Boston Conservatory at Berklee. "As chair of keyboard studies at Juilliard, and in his leadership of the institution's online program, Juilliard Open Classroom, Michael has been a tireless advocate for his colleagues and students. He joins us at a time when the Conservatory has a unique opportunity to leverage the advantages made possible by the recent merger with Berklee, and I know he will lead our Music Division on to ever-greater things in 2018 and beyond."

    Shinn will oversee the Conservatory's Music Division, which is the largest of the school's three disciplines-dance, music, and theater. The division includes approximately 410 students (200 at the undergraduate level and 210 at the graduate level). Shinn is the first dean to be appointed to Boston Conservatory since the school merged with Berklee in 2016.

    "Boston Conservatory at Berklee has such a long and rich tradition of artistic and educational excellence," Shinn said. "And it now sits atop a precipice of potential for innovation in the arts over the next 150 years. I am truly honored to be joining this revered institution as its next dean of music, and I sincerely look forward to working with the incredible faculty, students, and administration as we look to the future of performing arts education."

    Shinn received his Bachelor of Music and Master of Music from the Juilliard School, where he studied with Herbert Stessin and Jerome Lowenthal. He later completed a Doctor of Musical Arts at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

    Berklee is the preeminent institute of contemporary music and the performing arts, offering undergraduate and graduate degree programs at its campuses in Boston, Massachusetts and Valencia, Spain, and through its award-winning distance learning program, Berklee Online. Dedicated to nurturing the creative and career potential of the world's most inspired artists, Berklee's commitment to arts education is reflected in the work of its students, faculty, and alumni-hundreds of whom have been recognized with Grammy, Tony, Oscar, and Emmy awards.

    At Berklee College of Music and Boston Conservatory at Berklee, students explore interdisciplinary approaches to music, dance, theater, film, business, healthcare, education, technology, and more. Our pioneering youth programs reach underserved classrooms throughout the U.S. and beyond. With students and alumni from more than 100 nations and educational partners across the world, we are forging new connections among art forms, musical traditions, and technologies to build a dynamic, diverse, and collaborative global arts community. Learn more at berklee.edu.

              BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

    How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

    All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

    As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

    Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

    The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

    To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com

    Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

    United States:

    Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.


    Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.

              Germany U21 v Spain U21   
    Germany U21: 1 - Spain U21: 0 FT
              My World Vision -AroundTheWorld- SPAIN Madrid "A simple love story"-Carlos Infante Luna-   

    My World Vision



    "A simple love story"

              My World Vision -AroundTheWorld- SPAIN Madrid -Street Phtography" "A hard rain falls on Madrid"-Carlos Infante Luna-   

    My World Vision



    -Street Phtography"

    "A hard rain falls on Madrid"

              My World Vision -AroundTheWorld- SPAIN Madrid -Street Art- "Una pócima de amor..."-Carlos Infante Luna-   

    My World Vision



    -Street Art-

    "Una pócima de amor..."

    Y así fue. 

              My World Vision -Around The World- SPAIN -Scénic Arts- -The rock&roll house" "Amigos"-Carlos Infante Luna-   

    My World Vision
    -Around The World-


    -Scénic Arts-


    -The rock&roll house"



    Es curioso, vuelvo atrás en los días, miro de reojo, a veces lo hago con miedo... y sin darme cuenta me encuentro con instantes, con momentos, mensajes escritos en la luz del tiempo.

    My World Vision: Amigos tan diferentes a ti, tan distintos..., amigos que siempre están ahí, a tu lado, por si acaso.


                                                                                                          Carlos Infante Luna.

              Poker Industry PRO: France, Italy, Spain and Portugal to Sign Liquidity Sharing Agreement Next Week   

    Law and Regulation: Historical agreement will transform online poker in Europe, with the likes of Amaya, GVC and Winamax set to benefit.

    The anticipated agreement that will pave the way for the shared liquidity in Europe’s segregated online poker markets will be signed on July 6, regulators have announced.

    “This agreement will set the basis for cooperation between the signing authorities and will be followed by further necessary steps within each of the jurisdictions involved in order to effectively allow for liquidity poker tables,” reads the joint statement released today.

    Read the full article on pokerfuse →

              I'd like FJ opinion on LSD and +   
    Hi FJ! I have been in this website for 6 years or so, and I always find people with really good opinions in life.

    I am more than surely doing a LSD trip [ actually a 1P-LSD, which has indistinguisable effects, and it is legal ] with a friend and another one as trip sitter. I would like to hear your opinion on LSD and some recommendations for a first timer (dose, setting, what to expect, etc..) and finally some experiences would be really cool.

    To know more: I am 21 years old, male Spanish engineering student doing an exchange in Germany, it has been one of the best, if not the best, years of my life.

    There is less than a month to go back to Spain. I think it will be a quite boring year or two years, you know, being burn out of the engineering, little to none social life, and I admit I was kinda addicted to videogames to supply my free time.

    Well, I have decided to go on a really planed LSD trip for what I want to be an 'internal knowledge' of myself. I want to know how I want my next year to be, and ultimately how I want to spend the rest of my life. I wanna find out parts of me that I don't know or I don't realise I know. I also want to see what LSD can offer to me, but I want it to be an enlightning experience that might change my life for good.

    I don't know if I am having too high expectatives of it, and it may not be what I am looking for, but I still want to see what happens. I am near to close a really good phase of my life, so I want next phases to be as good. Finally, I am thinking of taking 150 ug 1P-LSD. Set is really good, couple of really good friends. I have 'experience' with shrooms. I have had 3 shrooms trips, being all of them nice. I had thought of starting the trip at a friends house, where I spend some of my afternoons, in where I always have good times, and after the peak to go to a park and end up laying down watching the
    sunset and the stars at the end.

    Thanks for reading everything and have a good day
              Interview: Guillermo García Peydró   
    Image courtesy of Guillermo G. Peydró Interview: Guillermo García Peydró   Luca Curci talks with the artist Guillermo García Peydró during VENICE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIMENTAL | OUT OF BORDERS in Venice. Guillermo G. Peydró (Spain, 1981) is a filmmaker, video-artist and film programmer. He has been an external advisor for the Modern Art Museum of Mexico, […]
              Mitchell Weiser Header Sees Germany Past Spain in Euro U21 Championship Final   

    A stunning header from Mitchell Weiser saw Germany to a 1-0 win over Spain in the final of the UEFA European Under-21 Championship on Friday at the Stadio Cracovia in Krakow, Poland. 

    Germany took a deserved lead in the 39th minute when Weiser guided a superb looping header into the top corner from a narrow angle.

    After a passive first period, Spain improved after the break and pinned their opponents back for long spells. But the spark they showcased so frequently earlier in the tournament was absent, as Germany were able to shut out La Roja’s array of attacking talent.

    It’s the second time Germany have won this competition; the likes of Manuel Neuer, Sami Khedira and Mesut Ozil steered the team to victory in 2009.

    Following a dominant start to the match from Spain, it was Germany who had the best early opening. Max Meyer was just inches away from putting his side ahead, as he saw his bullet header from the edge of the area clatter off the post.

    It was the trigger for some smart attacking play from Germany, with Serge Gnabry particularly dangerous; he tested Kepa Arrizabalaga a couple of times with sharp efforts.

    As noted by football journalist Patrick Boyland, for much of the first half this prodigious Spain team was being bossed:

    Spain did go close with a header from a raiding Hector Bellerin, but they were looking uncharacteristically toothless in the final third. Subsequently, Germany were becoming increasingly emboldened.

    Six minutes before the break they got the lead they deserved. Jeremy Toljan marched down the right flank and whipped in a cross to the near post. Weiser did well to get to the ball and then somehow steered a glancing header into the top corner over a stranded Kepa.

    Sports journalist Jack Lang was full of praise for the finish from the Hertha Berlin man:

    As they trudged off at half time, the vibrancy looked to have been sucked out of the star-studded Spain side, with Germany in total control.

    Unsurprisingly, there was a reaction from Spain after the break, with Saul, the leading scorer in the tournament, driving them forward from midfield. The Atletico Madrid man prompted Julian Pollersbeck into a fine save with a rasping shot from distance.

    As noted by journalist Seb Stafford-Bloor, with Germany seeming to retreat from their first-half pressing, they were playing a dangerous game:

    Even so, they remained a threat on the counter-attack, with Gnabry surging into the box into the left channel and stabbing a shot at Kepa. Saul also flung himself in front of a goal-bound shot from Meyer at the end of another break.

    Indeed, Spain were far from secure as they pushed forward in search of an equaliser and manager Albert Celades introduced Inaki Williams in search of some attacking inspiration in the final stages.

    Red shirts edged further and further forward as the clock ticked down. Yet as sports journalist David Cartlidge noted, Germany were robust in their defensive work:

    While there were some hairy moments for the German defence, they were able to prevent Spain from creating any clear openings. La Roja were limited to efforts from distance, with Saul seeing a last-minute shot blocked from the edge of the box. 

    With their chances slipping away, there was little care in Spain’s buildup play, with the delivery from Gerard Deulofeu and Marco Asensio from wide areas especially wayward. In the end, Germany were deserved and unexpectedly comfortable winners. 

    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Tottenham Transfer News: Javier Hernandez Rumours, Latest on Suso   

    Tottenham Hotspur are said to be interested in signing Bayer Leverkusen striker Javier Hernandez this summer.

    According to Bild (h/t Metro), the Mexico international will be available for just £13.7 million and it's a price tag that's said to have triggered some attention from Spurs. In the report it's added that Tottenham have a "great" interest in the man known as Chicharito.

    Hernandez, formerly of Manchester United and Real Madrid, was exceptional in his debut term for Leverkusen after signing in the summer of 2015. However, as the team struggled last season, so did the striker, finishing the campaign with 11 goals.

    Still, as noted by Squawka Football, since his arrival at Leverkusen, Hernandez has been the club's main attacking threat:

    Now 29, the striker has forged a career on being razor-sharp in the penalty area at both domestic and international level.

    If he operates up top on his own, Hernandez can struggle at times. Technically, he's not the best centre-forward, as his hold-up play and utilisation of the ball can leave a lot to be desired. Still, when it comes to finding space in the box and finishing chances, he's outstanding.

    Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho praised the striker last term and, as we can see here, suggested he would still be able to do a job in the Premier League:

    Spurs could do with another forward to support Harry Kane, especially given Vincent Janssen struggled in his first season in English football.

    Manager Mauricio Pochettino demands a lot from his strikers, and while Chicharito is a hard worker, he's not a player who will bring others into the game. Still, Tottenham would potentially benefit from having another poaching presence at the point of the attack as they seek to contend in the Premier League and UEFA Champions League.


    Suso Happy with AC Milan

    AC Milan winger and reported Tottenham target Suso has revealed he is content with life at the San Siro and happy to stick around.

    "I have three offers from Champions League clubs, but I want to stay here, as I am very happy with the fans and the coach," said the Spain youth international, per Sky Sport Italia (h/t Sacha Pisani of Goal). "Nobody said anything to me; I've been waiting since December and we'll see what happens."

    Suso also confirmed he is waiting on a new contract offer from the Serie A side, with his current deal poised to expire in 2019. As noted by Pisani, Tottenham have been credited with an interest in the former Liverpool man.

    The 23-year-old was one of the most consistent performers in the Milan side last season. As we can see, he excelled darting infield from the flanks:

    As noted by WhoScored.com, Suso was one of the most creative young players anywhere in European football in 2016-17:

    Milan have been busy in the transfer market, making eye-catching acquisitions with the likes of Andre Silva, Franck Kessie and Mateo Musacchio. Still, losing a key man such as Suso would represent a blow, and given the player seems keen to sign a new contract, moves should be made to tie him down.

    If Spurs can capitalise on any uncertainty they’d be landing a fine player, as Suso has kicked on since failing to make an impact at Anfield. But at this stage, it’s a transfer that looks unlikely to come off.

    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Gerard Deulofeu's Buyback Clause Exercised by Barcelona   

    Gerard Deulofeu is on the move again, as Barcelona have exercised their clause to bring the 23-year-old back to Catalonia from Everton.

    The club confirmed the decision had been made in a statement on their official website on Friday, adding, "in the following days, the terms will be agreed with both Everton and the player" with Deulofeu set to sign a deal until 2019 back at the Camp Nou.

    The tricky winger spent the second half of the 2016-17 season on loan with AC Milan after an inconsistent spell with Everton. In Italy he showed what he can do with consistent playing time, boosting his transfer value in the process.

    Deulofeu is a product of Barcelona's famed La Masia academy and made his debut for the senior squad in 2011. Long regarded as one of the club's best young talents, a lack of opportunities led to a number of loan moves and an eventual permanent transfer to England, with a buyback option.

    He flashed his talent at times with Everton but didn't impress manager Ronald Koeman, who limited his minutes last season. Deulofeu fared far better in Milan, bagging four goals and three assists in Serie A.

    He's a full Spain international, and per Squawka Football, his numbers with the under-21 side indicate he still has all the tools to come good: 

    As reported by Football Italia, Barcelona's original deal with Everton included a provision that makes it impossible for the Catalans to sell him on for a profit immediately. Deulofeu has to be a part of the first team this season, so manager Ernesto Valverde must have plans for the playmaker. 

    The Catalans lacked attacking depth behind their star trio of Lionel Messi, Neymar and Luis Suarez last season. Adding another winger who knows the system and culture for a limited fee is a smart piece of business. 

    Deulofeu hasn't progressed much since leaving the Camp Nou, but he remains an intriguing talent who has shown a scoring touch and the ability to take on defenders in the past. 

    The Spaniard will be given every opportunity to unlock his impressive potential, so it's easy to see why Barcelona took a chance on him. 

    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Picking the Transfer Window That Real Madrid Fans Would Love to Reboot   

    Real Madrid have enjoyed plenty of successful summers in the transfer market, as tends to be the case when you're one of the richest clubs in the world and have the additional draw of continual success.

    But it doesn't always come together perfectly. Sometimes, the so-called final piece of the jigsaw can come along just a year too late, as another part of the puzzle departs. At other times, a seemingly perfect partner can be brought in just a short while after the other leaves their peak years behind.

    Right now, Real Madrid have almost as close to a complete squad as they could possibly have; they won La Liga and the UEFA Champions League last season—but the world of football never stands still, and nor will Los Blancos.

    They'll be active in the market for new players; but what if fans could reboot a past window? What if they could select one summer, exactly as it happened, and take the players they signed then for one further season now—the same age, the same talent level as when they initially joined?

    Who of the many top-class signings would benefit Zinedine Zidane's team right now?


    What are Real Madrid lacking?

    An important consideration. Real are, after all, champions of Spain, Europe and indeed the world right now—there's not exactly gaping holes throughout the squad.

    But there are always areas to improve and components of the team or bench to upgrade upon.

    A challenger to Keylor Navas in goal, an elite centre-back to bring stability to the back line or force Raphael Varane to become the consistent star he has always threatened to be, cover or a challenger for Marcelo at left-back—these are perhaps the three key ingredients Madrid could look for right now.

    Additionally, an extra body in midfield and a more consistent threat than Karim Benzema has been for the past 12 months wouldn't go amiss.

    Of course, it's Real Madrid, so some star quality has to be injected, too, or any window is a failure.


    3. 2007/08: Depth, but not key starters

    Go back precisely one decade, and Real Madrid made some interesting moves in the market.

    Ahead of the 2007/08 campaign, they brought in four high-profile names, three free transfers and one complete flop—that being Royston Drenthe, a prodigy in 2007 and retired now.

    The frees were to flesh out the squad, and they'd play a similar role here, if at all: Jerzy Dudek in goal, Javier Saviola up front and Christoph Metzelder in defence. None of the three, in truth, are hugely required at this point or would add anything to Madrid's squad that Zidane doesn't already have at his disposal.

    But the other four are a different matter.

    First off, there's Pepe. Yes, the same Pepe who has just departed the Santiago Bernabeu scene, one decade later. Given the service he provided, the industry and aggression and commitment to the cause he gave, would Zidane and the fans have him back for a year, aged 24?

    Damn straight they would.

    It wasn't always easy for Pepe, and he wasn't always a first pick, but there's no doubting his overall quality and longevity.

    In midfield, Wesley Sneijder brings a level of creativity that was, in the first half of 2016/17, missing at times. Isco's rise to prominence later in the campaign solved much, but between Marco Asensio's astonishing start and Isco's brilliant end to the campaign, Madrid lacked ideas and ingenuity.

    They also lacked runners from midfield and goals from different areas of the pitch, both of which a rebooted Sneijder—then 23—would offer.

    Another Dutch 23-year-old brought far more excitement and flair, pace and panache, but Arjen Robben—even back then moving from Chelsea for big money—would present something of a tactical dilemma for Zidane. Play him wide, move Cristiano Ronaldo infield? Leave Robben as an impact sub?

    With the winger, you play him and forge the team around him, or you lose him, which is what happened to Madrid soon after his arrival.

    The fourth and final addition was Gabriel Heinze, a rugged and aggressive left-back who would be a perfect short-term back-up for Marcelo in the current side.


    2. 2006/07: Balance where required

    One year further back, we get a little more specific, a little better at covering all the gaps.

    With Zidane switching to a diamond toward the end of last season, four midfielders require at least three quality back-ups—and only Mateo Kovacic and Marco Asensio gave that to the manager.

    The summer 2006 arrivals of Mahamadou Diarra and Emerson would solve that problem, bringing a defensive shield to the side to cover for—or play in a double pivot alongside—Casemiro. Diarra, in particular, was a tremendous acquisition, a guaranteed starter and an absolute star in his first two seasons until a bad knee injury ended his run.

    For a year, though, that iteration of Diarra would be of enormous benefit to this Real Madrid.

    Further forward, Ruud van Nistelrooy was signed—and the then-30-year-old hit 25 goals in his debut campaign at the Bernabeu. Suffice to say, whether as a starter or an alternate option, he'd bring the killer instinct Madrid require.

    Jose Reyes was signed on loan and would be nothing more than a sub for this Madrid outfit—though he was a sub on the final day in 2006/07 and came off the bench to seal the title, so it's not all bad—but the final capture was all-important: Fabio Cannavaro.

    A FIFA World Cup winner a month earlier and a Ballon d'Or winner a few months later, Cannavaro was at his peak during this period, controlling the defence with ease and assuredness.

    The centre-back would be a welcome addition right now, with Pepe having left and an amount of uncertainty still present in Madrid's back line more often than is welcome.


    1. 1996/97: Elite stars, depth and cover

    We have to turn the clocks back over 20 years for the perfect window to reboot for Real Madrid, but this one would suit every need, fill every requirement and bring a whole lot of excitement to the fans.

    Two are overkill: Secretario and Christian Panucci were both right-backs, but neither are displacing Dani Cavajal, and Danilo has been reasonable, if nowhere near the star he was made out to be upon signing.

    Everywhere else, though, it's spot-on.

    Left-back needing competition? No problem. Marcelo took over the job from the legendary Roberto Carlos, and here he is being signed from Inter Milan in 96, 23 years old and full of running, power and scorching crosses.

    Keylor Navas needs a challenger, or even replacing? How about Bodo Illgner, a World Cup winner, a Madrid icon and a double Champions League winner. He was commanding, authoritative and consistent, until a young upstart named Iker Casillas came and won his spot.

    Needing depth in midfield? That's filled, by none other than Clarence Seedorf. The Dutch legend spent three years at the Bernabeu after joining at 20, and he was already an incredible talent then. Offensive-minded, creative, capable of the spectacular and with a great work rate, he's an all-round option for Zidane to include.

    More options in attack? This summer brought a double investment in goalscoring prowess: Predrag Mijatovic to create, and Davor Suker to score.

    The latter scored eight goals in his first nine league games for the club and hit 26 overall that season, a monster finisher of faultless repute. Whether Zidane continues with his two centre-forwards system or reverts to 4-3-3, both these players could be incorporated and flourish.

    Mijatovic could play as a 10, wider in the attacking line or even as a striker, and despite not being a primary goal source, he still hit 14 himself that term.

    Were assists and chances recorded in 1996/97, it's a fair bet he'd have run away with that title, and Ronaldo, in particular, would revel in being fed chances constantly by the former Yugoslavian forward.

    The only item missing on the list is a centre-back—but hey, you can't have it all. And besides, where's the fun in having a complete, perfect, rounded-out squad? Then there'd be nobody to sign next summer...



    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Barcelona Transfer News: Dani Ceballos Reportedly Eyed Amid Real Madrid Rumours   

    Barcelona are reportedly hopeful of dashing in front of rivals Real Madrid to seal a summer move for Real Betis midfielder Dani Ceballos after it looked likely the playmaker would join Los Blancos. 

    Ceballos has starred as one of Spain's top performers en route to the final of the 2017 UEFA European Under-21 Championship, and Spanish daily Marca reported Barca are now keen on his signature (h/t Sport).

    It's said the Blaugrana don't want to lose to their fiercest foes in another transfer battle after missing out on Marco Asensio and Theo Hernandez, with Ceballas thought to be available for as little as €9 million (£7.9 million).

    Ceballos has been closely linked with a move to the Estadio Santiago Bernabeu in recent transfer windows and penned a new contract with Betis in October 2015 following a summer of speculation over his future that year. 

    His dazzling displays in Poland this month have brought Barcelona back into the frame, but Ceballos recently dismissed any speculation and insisted his future will be decided after the Under-21 European Championship. Speaking to Spanish newspaper AS (h/t Football Espana), he said:

    “I feel relaxed about the reports. My aim is to beat Germany, and when the tournament is over, I'll sit down with my agents and we'll look at the offers on the table."

    “Right now, my future is with Betis. I have three years left on my contract, and I'm relaxed."

    “At the end of the day, if the big clubs are interested in you, it's because you're doing well. It's really nice to be talked about in that way.”

    It seems no coincidence talk of Barca's heightened interest in the player comes after he helped lead Spain to a 3-1 hammering of 10-man Italy in the European semi-finals, earning praise from FourFourTwo's Kristan Heneage:

    The Blaugrana could also have it in mind that Ceballos could be crafted into Andres Iniesta's eventual successor, although Paris Saint-Germain's Marco Verratti is thought to be a primary target, per Goal's Nizaar Kinsella.

    The 20-year-old completed his youth development at Betis after joining the club in 2011 and has since established his spot as one of the team's senior stars, contributing to a balanced 2016-17 season, per Squawka:

    That consistency in first-team minutes has lent itself well to Ceballos blossoming among Spain's top flight as a top talent, although maintaining that first-team role is likely to be a priority in his immediate future.

    Some may feel those starting XI hopes would be better served at the Camp Nou rather than the Bernabeu, backed up by Marca's suggestion Barca may offer him first-team chances right away, while Real would loan him back to Betis for a year.

    Ceballos may have already suggested where his heart lies after Marca posted past tweets of Ceballos' criticising some Barca players, while Sport reported he had deleted old posts praising the Catalans—something that wouldn't go down well in Madrid.

    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Scouting Notebook: Dani Ceballos Putting His Football to the Fore at Euro U21s   

    With the notable exception of 2015, Spain have been utterly dominant in Under-21 Championships this decade. 2011 saw them defeat Switzerland 2-0 in the final; in 2013 they beat Italy 4-2; and in 2017, they enter the final against Germany as heavy, heavy favourites.

    The calibre of player they've taken to this tournament has been just as remarkable as their collective performances. 2011 saw Thiago Alcantara, Juan Mata, Ander Herrera and Javi Martinez form an all-powerful midfield, while in 2013, Isco, Asier Illarramendi and Koke joined Thiago to make them even stronger.

    This year a new crop have shined. In their first game of the tournament—a 5-0 demolition of Macedonia—Marco Asensio, fresh off scoring in the UEFA Champions League final, grabbed the headlines (again) with an eye-popping hat-trick.

    Atletico Madrid's Saul Niguez also scored that day, and he has gone on to bag four more, including a ridiculous hat-trick against Italy in the semi-final, while Marcos Llorente has swept up at the base of midfield in a calm, collected manner.

    But one man's name currently in the papers was not on the teamsheet for that opening fixture, and said man was not happy about it.

    According to ESPN FC's David Cartlidge, Dani Ceballos—who you may well have seen tear Italy's entire team apart with one slinking dribble on Tuesday—was incredibly disappointed not to have been handed a key role and had to set about changing matters.

    It's not the first time this season he's been left sidelined; Gus Poyet, when manager of Real Betis, inexplicably pushed him (and Chelsea loanee Charly Musonda) away from the first-team squad for periods of time before Christmas. From a footballing perspective it made no sense, as Ceballos is the most creative, talented player in that team and they battled relegation from August to April, but then, the decision to drop him may well have had nothing to do with football at all.

    Despite being aged just 20, Ceballos already has a chequered past. According to Goal.com, he's made some derogatory comments in the past about different regions of Spain; insulted legendary goalkeeper Iker Casillas and his wife; told a just-relegated player that he hopes his club rots in the second division; and even sent a pro-General Franco tweet.

    That's been the story of his career to date: off-field issues, distractions and mishaps coming to the fore, with the unfortunate casualty being his football. For one so young to be constantly battling back from adversity is a true shame.

    Missing the starting XI against Macedonia was simply the next in a lengthy line of footballing setbacks, but Ceballos made the most of his 27 minutes off the bench against Macedonia and found himself in the starting XI against Portugal for the group's key clash.

    They won, he played well, and he found himself back on the bench for the third game—only this time it was alongside Asensio and Saul, as coach Albert Celades rotated his crop ahead of the semi-finals.

    Against Italy, he shot to the fore for all the right reasons. His tempo-setting midfield play, so often seen in excellent Real Betis performances this year, were key to Spain controlling the game and controlling proceedings. Saul Niguez may have scored another rocket, but that was almost overlooked due to Ceballos producing the moment of the game.

    Having already nutmegged Roberto Gagliardini three times and got him sent off for two yellows earned from pure frustration, he embarked on a scintillating run, ducked between two midfielders after an outrageous fake pass sent them the wrong way, beat one more and then nutmegged another poor soul in the box to set up a shot. It left the crowd, the Twittersphere, the universe gobsmacked.

    That's what Ceballos is, in pure footballing terms: An electric, exciting, dazzling, smart midfielder. If he can set aside his documented off-field issues and control his emotions, the sky's the limit for him.

    That slick fake-pass move to flummox Italy is one of his specialties. He did it to Atletico Madrid last season too, fooling two of Diego Simeone's seasoned warhorses with a quick swish of the leg. In the same game, he smacked the post from distance, then went one better and powered a ridiculous volley in from outside the box after a corner had been headed clear.

    But while it's easy to fall for Ceballos' highlight reel moments and simply consider him a difference-maker in the final third, that would do an injustice to his abilities in the other two.

    He can drop into deeper areas and control games. For long periods against Italy he was level with Marcos Llorente in the base of midfield, playing as a No. 6 and dictating. He set Spain's rhythm and tempo, kept the ball moving and probed for weak points in Italy's formation. From there he was able to either slalom forward and beat markers or launch accurate passes into Gerard Deulofeu or Asensio.

    He also put the work in defensively, tracking men back and, on a number of occasions, getting a vital foot in to dispossess just outside his own box. He won't make an elite box-to-box midfielder, nor will he try to, but the graft shown is important—particularly given the circumstances he started the tournament in, and given Barcelona's Denis Suarez is on the bench, itching to reclaim that spot in the team.

    The whole world has seen Ceballos at his best during this tournament, and, as if often the case, transfer links have followed. Real Betis' president has been forced to deny reports that Real Madrid are just a step away from signing him, per Canal Sur TV (h/t ESPN's Adriana Garcia), but the fact he has a €15 million buyout clause is public knowledge and can only work against the Andalusian club.

    €15 million for a player who can do what he's done this summer, at the age he is? It shouldn't just be Real Madrid interested; it should be every top club on the continent.



    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Best and Worst Moves Chelsea Could Make in the Transfer Window   

    The transfer window is open, and as the clock ticks down to the August 31 deadline, so the anticipation builds about the players Chelsea will or won't sign this summer.

    Thus far, for all the rumours, there has been little activity at Stamford Bridge. It's been all mouth and no action, with the headlines not being backed up by solid news of player arrivals and departures.

    Are Chelsea biding their time to announce the first signing? Are the Blues carefully planning their moves to position themselves as Premier League favourites in 2017/18? Are they without a plan?

    Time will answer those questions, but as we anticipate what is to come, Bleacher Report looks at some of the best and worst moves Chelsea could make this summer.


    Worst Move No. 1: Needlessly Sell Diego Costa

    Chelsea's summer is shaping up to be one of texts, buys and videotape. And Diego Costa has been at the heart of it.

    Will he stay, or will he go? That's what we've all been asking since the end of the 2016/17 campaign. Costa has fanned the flames, notably with his revelation that Chelsea boss Antonio Conte sent him a text message to confirm he is no longer needed at Stamford Bridge.

    "You are not in my plan," was how Conte signed off his message to Costa, according to Luis Nieto of AS. Should that be the case, it's a crying shame.

    For all the negative headlines that surround the Spain international, his talent cannot be denied. He is an exceptional striker who has broken all sorts of records in his three seasons at Chelsea. He is a proven goalscorer, and players of his ilk are tough to unearth.

    Not only that, but Costa's style lends itself to the way Chelsea play football. He's on the edge, pushing back the boundaries and limits of what's allowed, which is how this Blues side has been at its best.

    Conte revolutionised the way Chelsea play last term. Unless he can bring in another striker to bully defenders in the way Costa does, allowing him to leave would be folly of the highest order.

    The problem wasn't the forward last season; the issue Chelsea faced is he couldn't be dropped simply because there was no replacement to lead the line. His form suffered from January to March, yet he couldn't be rested.

    Give him a proper supporting frontman, and we'll see the difference he can make. He's on the brink of greatness at Chelsea, and the club should be doing everything it can to repair any damage between player and manager.


    Best Move: No. 1 Don't Sign Players Who Will Block the Youth Pathway

    When Bertrand Traore was recently presented by Olympique Lyonnais as their latest capture, he was left echoing the sentiments of so many young Chelsea players before him.

    "I wouldn't have got a fair chance," he said of the prospects of remaining at Stamford Bridge during his first press conference as a Lyon player. That has been the case for too long, and we've seen Chelsea miss out on some big stars who have departed prematurely.

    That has to stop. The Blues have a generation of players coming through that is undoubtedly talented, and it has to be given a chance to flourish at the highest level. If not, why else invest in an academy that dominates English youth football?

    We understand there is a commercial aspect. Not all of those young players will become Chelsea first-teamers, and like Traore (although he wasn't an academy product), they will be sold on to raise money for future signings. It's the club's way of competing in the modern market and utilising the resources they have to funnel success through to where it matters most.

    But equally, the likes of Ruben Loftus-Cheek, Nathaniel Chalobah, Lewis Baker, Andreas Christensen, Tammy Abraham and so many others deserve to be given the opportunity to show they can be Chelsea players.

    It's time the transfer policy acknowledged that. Chelsea are competing at an elite level, and that territory demands investment in elite players in the transfer market. It shouldn't come at a cost of blocking the pathway for emerging talent, however. It shouldn't be about short-term gains that damage long-term success.

    When Chelsea are being linked with players such as Middlesbrough's Adama Traore by Sky Sports, it makes you wonder what must be going through the minds of the club's best youth prospects.

    There's no time like the present to address these big problems.


    Worst Move No. 2: Procrastinate

    After preaching the youth doctrine, we go ahead and contradict ourselves by stating Chelsea can't afford to act slowly in the transfer market this summer.

    As acknowledged, though, there is a need for any club to invest in players who can make an instant impact. It isn't just about flooding the first team with young hopefuls and waiting for them to sink or swim.

    Chelsea would have outlined their transfer targets for this summer well before the season ended with Conte lifting the Premier League trophy at Stamford Bridge. There would have been meetings to identify those who were deemed attainable, and budgets would have been drafted.

    Now the Blues have to act. They have procrastinated in the past, and what did that give them? Well, it happened that recently that you don't need a long-term memory to recall the situation.

    After winning the 2014/15 Premier League title at a canter, Chelsea seemed to rest on their laurels. They were slow in bringing in new faces to freshen up Jose Mourinho's squad, which left them dramatically short on reinforcements.

    Eventually, they got Papy Djilobodji on transfer deadline day. By December, Mourinho had been sacked for a second time. It left Chelsea in disarray, and they finished 10th and failed to qualify for European football.

    By appointing Conte, they somehow got themselves out of jail. The circumstances that led to all of that happening can't be repeated. The club can't allow a manager of Conte's talents to leave under the same cloud as Mourinho. It would be catastrophic.


    Best Move No. 1: Promote Talented Loan Players

    Here we are, pushing that youth line again. We're not repeating ourselves, though.

    As well as working to create that pathway for those in the academy, Chelsea have to look at what they have available and ready for the first team this summer. It could save them millions now and in the future when they realise the mistake in selling a player only to buy him back at a greater cost.

    After all, that is what is dominating headlines with ex-Blues striker Romelu Lukaku.

    There have been some damning column inches dedicated to Chelsea's manipulation of the loan system in recent years. Last season, the club had 37 players dotted around Europe on temporary deals elsewhere.

    In the past, that has created a healthy revenue stream. But this summer seems to be the one when it can prevent Chelsea buying and selling.

    What Conte is looking for in the market isn't so much upgrades on the players who won him the title but players who can support them throughout 2017/18. That means identifying those who aren't necessarily starting every match, more ready to be rotated in when fixture congestion begins to bite.

    Why spend money when the likes of Baker and Christensen are returning after two years away in the Netherlands and Germany respectively, where they impressed?

    Incidentally, Baker and Christensen operate in areas of the pitch where Chelsea need to add numbers. They lack attacking midfielders and bodies at the back. Conte needs to bring in at least two defenders to strengthen his back three, especially now John Terry has departed.

    It's not a sentimental gesture, as Baker and Christensen have shown themselves to be of the standard Chelsea require in their squad. Don't spend millions replacing them; allow them to prove themselves.

    Who knows? It might just work.

    Read more World Football news on BleacherReport.com

              Football: FIFA Assistant Referee Alan Camilleri appointed for the UEFA Regions Cup Finals in Turkey – 1st to 9th July 2017   
    International Assistant Referee Alan Camilleri has been selected by the UEFA Referees’ Committee to officiate in the 10th edition of the UEFA Regions’ Cup finals taking place in Istanbul, Turkey, from Saturday 01 to Sunday 09 July 2017. Teams from Croatia, the Czech Republic, Portugal, the Republic of Ireland, Russia, Spain, Turkey and Ukraine won [...]
              Weiser's header helps Germany stun Spain in U21 Euro final   
    Germany shocked Spain to win the Euro 2017 title as Mitchell Weiser's header clinched glory. Hertha Berlin
              Germany's U-21 triumph not an upset   
    The FC crew react to Germany's triumph over a favoured Spain side in the European Under-21 Championship.
              Germany 1-0 Spain: Germans are champions   
    Mitchell Weiser's lone goal of the game was enough for Germany to hold off Spain and become U-21 European champions.
              Exhibit: Made in the Americas @ MFA   
    I had intended to write something much longer about this exhibit but I've run out of time. This is the last week of the MFA's Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia. Made in the Americas showcases the work of artists from North and South America, including indigenous artists, who were influenced by goods coming in from Asia. Some of the objects in this exhibit come from the MFA's own collection and some were loaned from The Hispanic Society of America in New York and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    In some cases they copied motifs (shown with a Peruvian tapestry that included Chinese mythological creatures and was clearly copied from imported Chinese textiles) and in others, came up with new techniques to replicate the look of Asian art (as with japanning). These days many of these artists would likely be accused cultural appropriation. It was incredible to see the way Asian art had inspired them to create art that was similar but uniquely their own. If you have time to see it before it closes on Monday, February 15th, I highly recommend it.

    Made in the Americas: The New World Discovers Asia

    Within decades of the “discovery” of America by Spain in 1492, goods from Asia traversed the globe via Spanish and Portuguese traders. The Americas became a major destination for Asian objects and Mexico became an international hub of commerce. The impact of the importation of these goods was immediate and widespread, both among the European colonizers and the indigenous populations, who readily adapted their own artistic traditions to the new fashion for Asian imports.

    “Made in the Americas” is the first large-scale, Pan-American exhibition to examine the profound influence of Asia on the arts of the colonial Americas. Featuring nearly 100 of the most extraordinary objects produced in the colonies, this exhibition explores the rich, complex story of how craftsmen throughout the hemisphere adapted Asian styles in a range of materials—from furniture to silverwork, textiles, ceramics, and painting. Exquisite objects from Mexico City, Lima, Quito, Quebec City, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, dating from the 17th to the early 19th centuries, include blue-and-white talavera ceramics copied from imported Chinese porcelains, elaborately decorated furniture inspired by imported Japanese lacquer, and luxuriously woven textiles made to replicate fine silks and cottons imported from China and India.

    The timing of the exhibition marks the 450th anniversary of the beginning of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade between the Philippines and Mexico, which was inaugurated in 1565 and ended in 1815, two and a half centuries later.

    Date & Time
    Through Monday, February 15, 2016
    See MFA's website for hours.

    Related talk: The Role of Religious Orders and the Introduction of Asian Arts to the Americas, Saturday, February 13, 2:00 - 3:00pm

    Museum of Fine Arts, Lois B. and Michael K. Torf Gallery (Gallery 184)
    465 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115

    The Southern Barbarians Come to Trader
    Kanō Naizen

    A Peruvian Cover is on display alongside a Chinese embroidered tapestry (on loan from the Metropolitan Museum of Art) that was made for export. Such tapestries have never been found in South America but were known to have been exported to Europe and the Americas. The MFA notes in the label that the Peruvian artisans "closely cop[ied] their format, style, and iconography." You can see how similar the motifs are, in particular, the mythical xieshi. The Chinese embroidery is believed to be from the Guangzhou region and was probably exported to Japan in the 17th century. It has been heavily re-embroidered, most likely in Japan in the 19th century. (Additional information provided by Pamela Parmal, Curator of Textiles and Fashion Arts.)

    Left: Peruvian Cover, late 17th to early 18th century
    Right: Panel with flowers, birds, and animals, 17th century

    Description of Chinese motifs that were copied in Peruvian Cover

    High chest of drawers, about 1730-40
    Japanned butternut, maple, white pine

    They also showed that the influence was not one-way, with this interesting panel by an unknown Japanese artist.

    European King and Members of His Court
    泰西王候図屏風 (Taisei ôkô zu byôbu)
    Momoyama period 1601-14

    • 2/11/15: Added information about Panel with flowers, birds, and animals.

              The Unbearable Weirdness of CRISPR - Facts So Romantic   

    Francisco Mojica in a lab at the University of Alicante in Spain.Photograph courtesy of the University of Alicante.

    When Francisco Mojica was 25, he supported himself by tracking bacteria in the Mediterranean off the coast of a tourist haven in southeastern Spain. At the time, he was a doctoral candidate at the University of Alicante, where he focused on a much stranger microorganism than those he was searching for in the ocean: Haloferax mediterranei, a single-celled creature that thrives in water so salty it kills almost everything else. “Even sea water is not salty enough for them,” he says.

    To understand this peculiar creature, Mojica, his advisor, and another graduate student were painstakingly sequencing bits of H. mediterranei DNA. This was the early 1990s—pre-Human Genome Project, pre-modern genomics—and it was frustrating work. When Mojica found bizarre, stuttering repeats of DNA bases, he assumed they’d screwed up somehow. “It’s impossible that you get exactly the same sequence many times!” he recalls thinking.

    But every time Mojica and his colleagues repeated the experiment, the same pattern—30 or so bases that appeared over and over again, separated by lengths of seemingly unrelated DNA—reappeared. Reading journal articles in the library, Mojica learned that a Japanese…
    Read More…

              Large European Utilities Aggressively Enter New Energy Services By Gobbling Up Startups   
    Companies facing disruption from RE European utilities have been the first utilities to face disruption from renewable energy with many of them seeing their share prices and earnings plummet, with renewable energy penetration ramping up rapidly in many of the European countries like Germany, Denmark, Spain, UK etc. These companies realize the danger to the traditional […]
              Consortium News — [Robert] Parry Awarded Gellhorn Journalism Prize   

    Congratulations. Well deserved.
    The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism recognizes these honorable exceptions. It is very different from other prizes. Let me quote in full why we give this award:

    “The Gellhorn Prize is in honor of one of the 20th century’s greatest reporters. It is awarded to a journalist whose work has penetrated the established version of events and told an unpalatable truth – a truth validated by powerful facts that expose what Martha Gellhorn called ‘official drivel.’ She meant establishment propaganda.”
    Martha was renowned as a war reporter. Her dispatches from Spain in the 1930s and D-Day in 1944 are classics. But she was more than that. As both a reporter and a committed humanitarian, she was a pioneer: one of the first in Vietnam to report what she called “a new kind of war against civilians”: a precursor to the wars of today.
    She was the reason I was sent to Vietnam as a reporter. My editor had spread across his desk her articles that had run in the Guardianand the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. A headline read, “Targeting the people.” For that series, she was placed on a blacklist by the U.S. military and never allowed to return to South Vietnam.
    Consortium News
    Parry Awarded Gellhorn Journalism Prize

    See also

    Consortium News
    NYT Finally Retracts Russia-gate Canard
    Robert Parry

              Estas son las fotos ganadoras de los iPhone Photography Awards 2017   


    Un año más, los organizadores del certamen que premia a las mejores fotografías realizadas con un iPhone nos presentan los ganadores de su concurso para demostrarnos que no hace falta una gran cámara para hacer buenas fotos y que lo más importante es la creatividad del fotógrafo. Os mostramos las fotos ganadoras de los iPhone Photography Awards 2017.

    Y aunque estemos de acuerdo en que sí, que efectivamente la mejor cámara es la que uno tiene, lo cierto es que tampoco es que el conocido terminal de Apple nos parezca el mejor dispositivo para hacer fotos. A pesar de lo cual, está claro que, al margen de con qué estén hechas, las imágenes del concurso son en términos generales de una gran belleza.

    ippa 'The nomads of Europe' Foto de Samuel Nacar (Albacete), primer puesto en la categoría Actualidad

    Por cierto que el concurso celebrababa este año su décima edición en la que participaron, según la organización, cientos de fotógrafos de 140 países de todo el mundo. Entre los ganadores destacan chinos y norteamericanos, pero también hay algunos españoles (dos concretamente), que lograron estar entre los elegidos. Se trata de Samuel Nácar (Albacete), ganador en la categoría Actualidad con su foto “Los nómadas de Europa” o Javier Wandosell (Madrid), segundo puesto en la categoría Series con su colección “Hidden Parts”.

    Y ya sin más os dejamos ya con todos los ganadores de las 19 categorías a concurso, empezando por la categoría principal, la de Fotógrafo del Año, cuyo ganador absoluto (se lleva un iPad Pro) fue el neoyorkino Sebastian Tomada, con una foto de unos niños recorriendo las calles de Qayyarah (Irak) cerca del fuego y el humo que sale de los pozos de petróleo que han sido incendiados por los soldados del ISIS.

    Categoría Fotógrafo del Año

    El ganador absoluto en la categoría fue Sebastiano Tomada (EEUU) con la foto “Children of Qayyarah”:

     0grand Prize Poty Sebastiano Tomada Sebastiano Tomada.Brooklyn, New York. Grand Prize Winner, Photographer of the Year

    El primer clasificado en esta categoría fue Brendan O Se (Irlanda) con la foto “Dock Worker”:

     1stplace Poty Brendan O Se Brendan O Se (Cork, Ireland) 1st Place, Photographer of the Year

    El segundo clasificado en esta categoría fue Yeow-Kwang Yeo (Singapur) con la foto “The Performer”:

     2ndplace Poty Yeow Kwang Yeo Yeow-Kwang Yeo (Singapore) 2nd Place, Photographer of the Year

    El tercer clasificado en esta categoría fue Kuanglong Zhang (China) con la foto “The City Palace”.

     3rdplace Poty Kuanglong Zhang Kuanglong Zhang (Shenzhen, China) 3rd Place, Photographer of the Year

    Categoría especial 'The America I Know'

    ippa Juan Carlos Castañeda (Astoria NY, United States) 1st Place – The America I Know
    ippa Davis Bell (Los Angeles CA, United States) 2nd Place – The America I Know
    ippa Maria K. Pianu (Pordenone, Italy) 3rd Place – The America I Know

    Categoría Abstracta

    ippa Christopher Armstrong (Sydney, Australia) 1st Place – Abstract
    ippa David Redhill (Sydney, Australia) 2nd Place – Abstract
    ippa Lee Jones (Shanghai, China) 3rd Place – Abstract

    Categoría Animales

    ippa Francesca Tonegutti (Milan, Italy) 1st Place – Animals
    ippa Dongrui Yu (Yunnan, China) 2nd Place – Animals
    ippa Shuo Li (Beijing, China) 3rd Place – Animals

    Categoría Arquitectura

    ippa Paddy Chao (Taipei, Taiwan) 1st Place – Architecture
    ippa Naian Feng (Shanghai, China) 2nd Place – Architecture

    Categoría Infancia

    ippa Szymon Felkel (Poznan, Poland) 1st Place – Children
    ippa Varvara Vislenko (St. Petersburg, Russia) 2nd Place – Children
    ippa Barry Mayes (Herts, United Kingdom) 3rd Place – Children

    Categoría Flores

    ippa Sidney Po (Cebu, Philippines) 1st Place – Floral
    ippa Smetanina Julia (Moscow, Russia) 2nd Place – Floral
    ippa Laura Warren (Putney, VT, United States) 3rd Place – Floral

    Categoría Paisajes

    ippa Christian Horgan (Fremantle, Australia) 1st Place – Landscape
    ippa Sergey Pesterev (Mendeleevo, Russia) 2nd Place – Landscape
    ippa Alexandra Maldonado (Quito, Ecuador) 3rd Place – Landscape

    Categoría Estilo de Vida

    ippa Nick Trombola (Pittsburgh, PA USA) 1st Place – Lifestyle
    ippa YuMing Guan (Guangdong, China) 2nd Place – Lifestyle
    ippa Chung Hung (Taipei, Taiwan) 3rd Place – Lifestyle

    Categoría Naturaleza

    ippa Aaron Sandberg (Chicago IL, United States) 1st Place – Nature
    ippa Dongrui Yu (Yunnan, China) 2nd Place – Nature
    ippa Joseph-Cyr (Tucson AZ, United States) 3rd Place – Nature

    Categoría Actualidad

    ippa Samuel Nacar (Albacete, Spain) 1st Place – News/Events
    ippa Thea Mihu (Sibiu, Romania) 2nd Place – News/Events
    ippa Xirui Huang (Hunan, China) 3rd Place – News/Events

    Categoría Otras

    ippa Darren Boyd (London, United Kingdom) 1st Place – Other
    ippa Zarni Myo Win (Yangon, Myanmar) 2nd Place – Other
    ippa Glenn Homann (Ipswich Queensland, Australia) 3rd Place – Other

    Categoría Panorámicas

    ippa Nick Trombola (Pittsburg PA, United States) 1st Place – Panorama
    ippa Andrew McCausland (Abbotsford BC, Canada) 2nd Place – Panorama
    ippa Brian Marchuck (Lancaster PA, United States) 3rd Place – Panorama

    Categoría Gente

    ippa Dina Alfasi (Israel) 1st Place – People
    ippa Jiabing He (Zhejiang, China) 2nd Place – People
    ippa Marina Spironetti (Milano, Italy) 3rd Place – People

    Categoría Retrato

    ippa Gabriel Ribeiro (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil) 1st Place – Portrait
    ippa Dan Liu (Sichuan, China) 2nd Place – Portrait
    ippa Vlad Vasylkevych (Kiev, Ukraine) 3rd Place – Portrait

    Categoría Bodegón

    ippa David Hayes (Milford OH, United States) 1st Place – Still Life
    ippa Deena Berton (Weston MA, United States) 2nd Place – Still Life
    ippa Waldemar Nowak (Gdańsk, Poland) 3rd Place – Still Life

    Categoría Puestas de Sol

    ippa Kuanglong Zhang (Guangdong, China) 1st Place – Sunset
    ippa Xiaoying Tang (Shenzhen, China) 2nd Place – Sunset
    ippa Joseph Cyr (Tucson AZ, United States) 3rd Place – Sunset

    Categoría Viajes

    ippa Jen Pollack Bianco (Seattle WA, United States) 1st Place – Travel
    ippa Joshua Sarinana (Cambridge MA, United States) 2nd Place – Travel
    ippa Li Jinquan (Beijing, China) 3rd Place – Travel

    Categoría Árboles

    ippa Magali Chesnel (Ferney-Voltaire, France) 1st Place – Trees
    ippa Dyllon Wolf (Huntingtown MD, United States) 2nd Place – Trees
    ippa Kaiyuan Teng (Taipei, Taiwan) 3rd Place – Trees

    Categoría Series

    El primer clasificado en esta categoría fue Joshua Sarinana (EEUU) con la serie “Image of Structure”:




    El segundo clasificado en esta categoría fue Javier Wandosell (España) con la serie “Hidden Parts”: ippa



    El tercer clasificado en esta categoría fue Pierfrancesco Ajroldi (Italia) con la serie “Alzheimer”: ippa



    Más información | iPhone Photography Awards

    En Xataka Foto | Estas son las fotos ganadoras del ‘Mobile Photo Awards 2016’, certamen de fotos hechas con móviles

    Foto de portada | Sergey Pesterev (Rusia), segundo puesto en la categoría Paisajes

               Queen Letizia of Spain attends a conference in Girona    
    The Spanish queen consort, 44, joined her husband King Felipe VI in the Catalan city on Friday where the pair attended a series of talks on promoting young business entrepreneurs.
              6/30/2017: News: COSTA ALERT AS MIGRANT BOATS HEAD TO SPAIN   

    ® SPANISH beaches full of British tourists are the latest target of migrants desperate to get into Europe. Officials are warning up to 10,000 illegal immigrants are trying to make their way across the water from Africa. And security experts fear...
              Audi and Spider-Man gave the public a sneak peek of a secret new luxury sedan   

    Audi gave the public a sneak peek of its next-generation A8 luxury sedan at the world premiere of "Spider-Man: Homecoming" in Hollywood, California on Wednesday. Audi has been pretty tight-lipped about its all-new flagship sedan that will make its world debut at the Audi Summit in Barcelona, Spain on July 11. Although pictures of heavily camouflaged prototypes have been floating around the internet for some time, very little is available in the way of concrete technical information.

              Wrexham fugitive arrested in Spain over sex assault on young girl   

    The 69-year-old from Wrexham, north Wales, was held in a hotel in Antequera near the Costa del Sol capital of Malaga. A Spanish police spokesman said in a press release: "Yesterday police arrested a 69-year-old British national on foot of a European Arrest Warrant in Antequera in the province of Malaga.

              Queen Letizia stuns in head-turning red lace dress and Kate Middleton-approved heels   

    King Felipe VI of Spain and Queen Letizia of Spain attend First Democracy Elections 40th anniversary at the Congress building on June 28, 2017 in Madrid, Spain. King Felipe VI of Spain and Queen Letizia of Spain attend First Democracy Elections 40th anniversary at the Congress building on June 28, 2017 in Madrid, Spain.

              Spanish Siesta Culture Lets Entrepreneur Turn Naps Into Gold   

    As the mid-day sun goes up, businesses in small town Spain pull down their shutters for a traditional nap. In big urban centers, modern business trends have ended that habit, leaving many Spaniards who work long hours exhausted.

              Spanish Court Strikes Another City's Anti-Israel Boycott Resolution   

    For the second time in less than a year, a high court in Spain scrapped the adoption of a boycott against Israel by a municipality. The Superior Tribunal of Justice of Madrid in its decision last week affirmed a lower court ruling in January against the resolution last year endorsing the boycott by the city council of the Rivas Vaciamadrid suburb.

              Man United launch £70m offer to bring 11-goals incredible playmaker   

    As per the Italian media outlets, Manchester United have made a £70m offer to Real Madrid for their attacking midfielder James Rodriguez. The Colombia international is wanted by several top clubs across the Europe this summer after deciding a transfer away from Spain was the best way to re-start his career. Rodriguez’s fate seemed to be sealed… Read More »

    The post Man United launch £70m offer to bring 11-goals incredible playmaker appeared first on Golazo Goal.

              Airberlin flights to Spain   
              Donkey delivery by Alexander Meysztowicz-Howen   

    Donkey delivery by Alexander Meysztowicz-Howen

    Another of my early images taken in Spain on transparency film. Remarkably, the film emulsion has survived in excellent condition to very little restoration was required. It was taken in 1971. This photograph is part of a collection of images I have rediscovered taken on transparency film during my teens while I lived on Europe. The collection includes images from this period in Spain, France, Italy, Austria and England.

    Alexander Meysztowicz-Howen: Photos

              Nicki Minaj’s Hometown Honors Her With The “Key To The City”   

    Rap queen Nicki Minaj is officially the ‘Queen of Queens’! She was honored by her hometown Queens, New York as she was presented with the Key to the City. The multiple award winner was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago but moved to America with her family when she was 5 and settled in Queens. Queens […]

    The post Nicki Minaj’s Hometown Honors Her With The “Key To The City” appeared first on TheRealGist.com - In-depth stories around the gossip!.

    #grindr #gayteen#igfitness #igfit #mirrorselfie #Instagay #gayboy #gayboys #gayguy #gaytwink #gaydude #gayabs #gaystagram #hawt #gay #gayman #instahomo #homo #gaylove #gaylife #gaycouple#menfeet #gayswag #gayswagger #gaylife #nutrition #gayfeet #gaybooty #gayspain #gayfollow #gayselfie
    #grindr #gayteen#igfitness #igfit #mirrorselfie #Instagay #gayboy #gayboys #gayguy #gaytwink #gaydude #gayabs #gaystagram #hawt #gay #gayman #instahomo #homo #gaylove #gaylife #gaycouple#menfeet #gayswag #gayswagger #gaylife #nutrition #gayfeet #gaybooty #gayspain #gayfollow #gayselfie
              Imam in jihadi probe broadcast from Birmingham playground   
    Tarik Chadlioui is facing extradition to Spain over extremism claims Father-of-eight is Moroccan but moved to Britain using his Belgian passport It emerged…
              Nigerian Copyright Commission Seizes Pirated Books Worth N800 Million and other major headlines you missed today..   
    Image result for kemi filani blog major headlines you missed today

    Dear KFBers, we have got loads of interesting stories for you on our Major headlines you missed today feature! Enjoy.....
    N4bn Judgement Against Sahara Reporters: Saraki Releases Statement 
    President of the Senate, Dr. Abubakar Bukola Saraki, on Thursday commended the judgment of an Ilorin High Court that ruled that the publisher of the online news platform, Sahara Reporters, Mr. Omoyele Sowore, should pay him the sum of N4 billion ($11.1 Million) as damages over a series of libelous stories published against him by the medium in 2015.

    Saraki, in a statement signed by his Special Adviser on Media and Publicity, Yusuph Olaniyonu, stated that the judgement issued against Sahara Reporters for constantly publishing false, libelous and misleading stories that were aimed at defaming his person, was a testament that the moral arc of the universe will always bend towards justice.

    “One thing is clear by the judgement, there are systems in place in our nation for all citizens to seek redress if they have been unfairly treated in any way,” the statement read, “This judgement is a fulfillment of our promise that we will explore all legal means to seek redress for all the fabrications and mudslinging that Sahara Reporters has thrown at us over the years.

    “This judgement demonstrates that our justice system can and will continue to protect the fundamental human rights of all citizens from being infringed by anyone. Moving forward, the purveyors of mischievous stories can learn from this precedent that has been set. The ruling by Justice Adeyinka Oyinloye, will serve as a deterrent to all those who profit by propagating ‘Fake News’ to blackmail innocent citizens or curry undue favours.

    “This judgement is definitely not a victory for the Senate President alone. It is a victory for all the victims of the falsehood which Sahara Reporters daily dole out to rubbish the reputation of innocent Nigerians, many of whom either out of fear, lack of the patience to consistently pursue a court case for years or lack of belief in the ability of the system to give them justice decided to live with the injury to their reputation. The judgement is another vindication for our country and her solid enthronement of the rule of law as against the rule of men.

    “Dr Saraki believes this judgement would provide inspiration and encouragement for all those whose reputations have been unduly and unnecessarily injured by SaharaReporters and its ilk who are purveyors of false news to seek redress through the courts.

    “He sees the verdict of the High Court against Sahara Reporters as a positive development with the potential to reassure individuals and firms who would in future come under undeserved attack by publications which spread falsehood aimed at maliciously casting them in bad light.

    “The judgement provides a redeeming point for the noble profession of journalism which has as its sacred, cardinal principle the pursuit of facts at all times and in all situations. The journalists and news media who have devoted themselves to the pursuit of truth but appear to be overwhelmed by those who trade in falsehood and sensationalism now have a reason to be proud that they are on the right path. That is another meaning Dr. Saraki gives to this judgement.

    “However, the Senate President will like to assure all and sundry that he will not spare any legal efforts and expenses, both in Nigeria and abroad, necessary to recover every kobo of the cost awarded in his favour from the defendant.

    “The restitution from this judgement will be channeled to set up a Foundation whose aim will be to support pure and unadulterated investigative journalism and assist the families of real journalists that die in the line of duty. The money will also be used to support genuine publications whose owners are struggling to pay salaries of workers or meet their ever rising running cost. Part of the money will also be channelled to help lawyers who have been providing pro bono services to litigants, particularly, on cases bothering on enforcement of fundamental human rights.

    “It should be noted that the methodical and dogged manner in which Dr. Saraki pursued the case despite the ceaseless barrage of false allegations thrown at him by the Sahara Reporters should assure all Nigerians that he maintains a solid belief in free press, free speech and responsible journalism and that he will do every thing legal to fight those who want to use journalism as a destructive, blackmail and oppressive instrument. This latter brand of journalism will not help our society and has no role to play in the emerging Nigeria”, he stated.

    Melaye: Constituents File Suit To Stop INEC's Recall Process 
    The Concerned Kogi Registered Voters (CKRV) numbering 18, have filed a suit at a Federal High Court in Abuja, seeking to stop the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) from commencing verification of signatures collected in order to recall Senator Dino Melaye who is representing Kogi West Senatorial District.

    Addressing newsmen on Thursday in Abuja, ‎the convener and secretary of the group, Olowosayo Gabriel Sunday and Amupitan Babayomi Segun claimed that names of dead persons and people who do not reside in the district appeared on the recall register submitted to INEC.

    The applicants, who faulted 188,000 signatures which were submitted to INEC, noted that while 111,534 voted in the general election in Kogi West, the total number of registered voters in Kogi West is 360,098.

    According to a copy of the motion which was made available to newsmen, INEC which is the first respondent was sued alongside eight other respondents, comprising some aides of the state governor, Yahaya Bello and state lawmakers from the senator's district.

    In their application, the plaintiffs said, "that 2nd to 9th respondents fraudulently opened a recall register and signed signatures for registered voters in Kogi West Senatorial District.

    "That some of the names of the registered voters that appeared in re said recall register were dead voters and some voters who were not even residing at Kogi State and they were at different parts of the country when the purported signatures were fraudulently collated by the 2nd and 9th respondents."

    However, the convener of the indigenes, Olowosayo Gabriel Sunday, who is also the first applicant in the suit, said, "That as at the last announcement, INEC itself agreed and announced a figure of PVC collection in Kogi West that is far less than the alleged 188,000.

    "That we are aware that there is possible connivance between the people on the recall agenda and INEC because we have evidence of photograph of PVCs in thousands gathered together for the recall, an act contrary to the electoral act."

    UK deports 28 Nigerians
    The United Kingdom has deported another 28 Nigerians from its country on Thursday for remaining in the country illegally.

    The deportation came two days after Spain repatriated 23 Nigerians for immigration-related offences.

    Thursday’s deportees were returned aboard a chartered Titanic Airways plane with the registration number AWC-761/2.

    The deportees, comprising 21 men and 7 women, touched down at Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA) in Lagos at about 12:15 p.m.

    Nigerian Copyright Commission Seizes Pirated Books Worth N800 Million
     After carrying out a successful anti-piracy raid at Awodi-Ora Estate in Ifelodun-Ajeromi Local Government Area of Lagos State which led to the confiscation of thousands of cartons of pirated works worth N600 Million, the Nigerian Copyright Commission has again carried out another successful anti-piracy raid at Tedi Village in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State.

    The anti-piracy raid culminated in the seizure of about two thousand cartons of pirated books belonging to various publishers. The Commission also arrested a Chinese nationale in connection with the pirated books. The seized books are worth over N200 Million.

              Pleasing the troll – Article   

    I have mentioned in the past that I have a troll in Spain. Someone who actually dislikes me and I have had a few arguments with because he is an asshole. This is not me saying so, though. He himself says so at the start of each video with a stupid disclaimer in which he [...]

    The post Pleasing the troll – Article appeared first on G*M*S Magazine.

              Hina Khan Is Enjoying Her Time In Spain   

    Hina Khan is a well-known household name as she portrayed the role of Akshara in one of the longest running show, Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai.

    The post Hina Khan Is Enjoying Her Time In Spain appeared first on Businessofcinema.com.

              For sale - 1968 C 10 Chevrolet Truck Original Right Front... - Auction   
    Denmark 6333, Australia
    Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...

              For sale - 85 wagoneer fender emblems - Auction   
    Price 5570, Australia
    Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...

              For sale - wagoneer / J10 / J20 / cherokee 4 wheel drive... - Auction   
    Cherokee 3434, Australia
    Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...

              Vendedores part time - Las Rozas   
    Country: Spain Job Function: Retail (Store) State / Province: Spain Position Type: Part time City / …
              BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

    How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

    All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

    As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

    Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

    The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

    To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com

    Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

    United States:

    Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.


    Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.

              Lola Herrera (82)   
    In 1935, Lola Herrera was born on this date in Valladolid, Valladolid, Castilla y León, Spain
              Víctor Erice (77)   
    In 1940, Víctor Erice was born on this date in Karrantza, Vizcaya, País Vasco, Spain
              José Mota (52)   
    In 1965, José Mota was born on this date in Montiel, Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
              Germany U21 1 Spain U21 0: Asensio, Saul & Co denied as Weiser seals title   
    Mitchell Weiser scored the decisive goal as Germany won the European Under-21 Championship for a second time by beating Spain.
              Friday's 7 Free Books   

              Pre-Weekend Fiction Sales   

    かけっ子 酒井里美酒井里美 カリビアンコム秋の桃尻ブルマ体育祭第一号の酒井里美ち ...

    Copyright © 2017 アダルト動画 ROUTINE All Rights Reserved.

              Guía de lanzamientos en Nintendo: julio de 2017. ¡Explota, explótame, expló!   

    300617 Lanzanintendo

    Habiendo repasado ayer los lanzamientos de PlayStation de julio, hoy toca hacer lo propio con esos juegos de Nintendo que se pondrán a la venta dicho mes en Switch, 3DS y Wii U (sí, que aún no está muerta aunque haya cesado su producción).

    Al contrario que en la familia de Sony, Nintendo sí que contará con algún exclusivo de peso (y real) en julio. Aunque también es cierto que contará con una cantidad menor de lanzamientos. Sea como fuere, lo gordo vendrá más adelante.

    Cabe recordar, por otro lado, que algunos lanzamientos no se concretan hasta la última semana, de ahí que figuren pocos (por ahora) de la Nintendo eShop.

    Kirby se vuelve a independizar en formato digital

    300617 Lanzanintendo 01

    Kirby le está pillando el gusanillo a eso de ofrecer, por separado, experiencias que ya venían dentro de 'Kirby Planet Robobot' con motivo de su 25 aniversario. Aparte del free-to-play 'Team Kirby Clash Deluxe' publicado en abril, 'Kirby's Blowout Blast' estará disponible a partir del 6 de julio en la eShop de Nintendo 3DS.

    Un día después, esto es, el viernes, 7 de julio, llegará a las tiendas 'Cars 3: Hacia la Victoria' para Wii U (44,90 euros) y Switch (54,90 euros), con motivo de la peli.

    Splatoon 2, el regreso del shooter más refrescante

    300617 Lanzanintendo 02

    Tan criticada por explotar a Mario y cía, Nintendo se sacó de la chistera en 2015 un shooter que revolucionó el mercado. Hablamos del 'Splatoon' de Wii U, un juego que se fue perfeccionando con el paso de los meses gracias al contenido gratuito (o a permitir el control clásico), y del que se espera ahora mucho con motivo de su secuela, 'Splatoon 2', para Nintendo Switch. A la venta el día 21 por 49,90 euros.

    Sin la misma repercusión mediática, especialmente en el mercado occidental, no podemos olvidar el action-RPG 'Fate/Extella: The Umbral Star' para Switch, ese mismo viernes, 21, tras su paso por consolas PlayStation hace meses.

    Los Pikmin acompañan a la New Nintendo 2DS XL

    300617 Lanzanintendo 03

    Nintendo se despedirá de julio el día 28 a lo grande con el lanzamiento de la New Nintendo 2DS XL, disponible por 149,94 euros en dos colores (Negro y Turquesa, o bien Blanco y Naranja). Aunque el nuevo modelo de la familia 3DS no vendrá sola, sino que estará acompañada de otros juegos que se venderán aparte ese mismo día, empezando por 'Hey! Pikmin', spin-off de las aventuras del capitán Olimar con los diminutos seres en forma de plataformas en 2D. Costará 34,90 euros.

    Al igual que 'Miitopia' (34,90 euros) y 'Brain Training Infernal' (24,95 euros).

    Nintendo Switch, ya en digital, recibirá 'Namco Museum' ese mismo día.

    Lanzamientos de videojuegos de 2017

    Calendario | iCal, HTML

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    Ni Twitter ni Facebook ni Google, ¿cómo se lo montan los chinos en Internet?

    Nintendo anuncia la New Nintendo 2DS XL, a la venta el 28 de julio por 150 euros

    He estado probando la New Nintendo 2DS XL y esto es lo que me ha parecido

    La noticia Guía de lanzamientos en Nintendo: julio de 2017. ¡Explota, explótame, expló! fue publicada originalmente en Vidaextra por Jarkendia .

    I am here

    Location Spain (Europe, Spain)
              Annotations to Morga's 1609   
    To the Filipinos: In Noli Me Tangere ("The Social Cancer") I started to sketch the present state of our native land. But the effect which my effort produced made me realize that, before attempting to unroll before your eyes the other pictures which were to follow, it was necessary first to post you on the past. So only can you fairly judge the present and estimate how much progress has been made during the three centuries (of Spanish rule).

    Like almost all of you, I was born and brought up in ignorance of our country's past and so, without knowledge or authority to speak of what I neither saw nor have studied, I deem it necessary to quote the testimony of an illustrious Spaniard who in the beginning of the new era controlled the destinies of the Philippines and had personal knowledge of our ancient nationality in its last days.

    It is then the shade of our ancestor's civilization which the author will call before you. . . If the work serves to awaken in you a consciousness of our past, and to blot from your memory or to rectify what has been falsified or is calumny, then I shall not have labored in vain. With this preparation, slight though it may be, we can all pass to the study of the future.

    José Rizal

    Europe, 1889

    Governor Morga was not only the first to write but also the first to publish a Philippine history. This statement has regard to the concise and concrete form in which our author has treated the matter. Father Chirino's work, printed in Rome in 1604, is rather a chronicle of the Missions than a history of the Philippines; still it contains a great deal of valuable material on usages and customs. The worthy Jesuit in fact admits that he abandoned writing a political history because Morga had already done so, so one must infer that he had seen the work in manuscript before leaving the Islands.

    By the Christian religion, Dr. Morga appears to mean the Roman Catholic which by fire and sword he would preserve in its purity in the Philippines. Nevertheless in other lands, notably in Flanders, these means were ineffective to keep the church unchanged, or to maintain its supremacy, or even to hold its subjects.

    Great kingdoms were indeed discovered and conquered in the remote and unknown parts of the world by Spanish ships but to the Spaniards who sailed in them we may add Portuguese, Italians, French, Greeks, and even Africans and Polynesians. The expeditions captained by Columbus and Magellan, one a Genoese Italian and the other a Portuguese, as well as those that came after them, although Spanish fleets, still were manned by many nationalities and in them were negroes, Moluccans, and even men from the Philippines and the Marianes Islands.

    These centuries ago it was the custom to write as intolerantly as Morga does, but nowadays it would be called a bit presumptuous. No one has a monopoly of the true God nor is there any nation or religion that can claim, or at any rate prove, that to it has ben given the exclusive right to the Creator of all things or sole knowledge of His real being.

    The conversions by the Spaniards were not as general as their historians claim. The missionaries only succeeded in converting a part of the people of the Philippines. Still there are Mohammedans, the Moros, in the southern islands, and Negritos, Igorots and other heathens yet occupy the greater part territorially of the archipelago. Then the islands which the Spaniards early held but soon lost are non-Christian -- Formosa, Borneo, and the Moluccas. And if thre are Christians in the Carolines, that is due to Protestants, whom neither the Roman Catholics of Morga's day nor many Catholics in our own day consider Christians.

    It is not the fact that the Filipinos were unprotected before the coming of the Spaniards. Morga himself says, further on in telling of the pirate raids from the islands had arms and defended themselves. But after the natives were disarmed the pirates pillaged them with impunity, coming at times when they were unprotected by the government, which was the reason for many of the insurrections.

    The civilization of the Pre-Spanish Filipinos in regard to the duties of life for that age was well advanced, as the Morga history shows in its eighth chapter.

    The islands came under Spanish sovereignty and control through compacts, treaties of friendship and alliances for reciprocity. By virtue of the last arrangement, according to some historians, Magellan lost his life on Mactan and the soldiers of Legaspi fought under the banner of King Tupas of Cebu.

    The term "conquest" is admissible but for a part of the islands and then only in its broadest sense. Cebu, Panay, Luzon, Mindoro, and some others cannot be said to have been conquered.

    The discovery, conquest and conversion cost Spanish blood but still m ore Filipino blood. It will be seen later on in Morga that with the Spaniards and on behalf of Spain there were always more Filipinos fighting than Spaniards.

    Morga shows that the ancient Filipinos had army and navy with artillery and other implements of warfare. Their prized krises and kampilans for their magnificent temper are worthy of admiration and some of them are richly damascened. Their coats of mail and helmets, of which there are specimens in various European museums, attest their great advancement in this industry.

    Morga's expression that the Spaniards "brought war to the gates of the Filipinos" is in marked contrast with the word used by subsequent historians whenever recording Spain's possessing herself of a province, that she pacified it. Perhaps "to make peace" then meant the same as "to stir up war." (This is a veiled allusion to the old Latin saying of Romans, often quoted by Spaniard's that they make a desert, calling it making peace. -- Austin Craig)

    Megellan's transferring from the service of his own king (i.e. the Portuguese) to employment under the King of Spain, according to historic documents, was because the Portuguese King had refused to grant him the raise in salary which he asked.

    Now it is known that Magellan was mistaken when he represented to the King of Spain that the Molucca Islands were within the limits assigned by the Pope to the Spaniards. But through this error and the inaccuracy of the nautical instruments of that time, the Philippines did not fall into the hands of the Portuguese.

    Cebu, which Morga calls "The City of the Most Holy Name of Jesus," was at first called "The village of San Miguel."

    The image of the Holy Child of Cebu, which many religious writers believed was brought to Cebu by the angels, was in fact given by the worthy Italian chronicler of Magellan's expedition, the Chevalier Pigafetta, to the Cebuan queen.

    The expedition of Villalobos, intermediate between Magallan's and Legaspi's gave the name "Philipina" to one of the southern islands, Tendaya, now perhaps Leyte, and this name later was extended to the whole archipelago.

    Of the native Manila rulers at the coming of the Spaniards, Raja Soliman was called "Rahang mura", or young king, in distinction from the old king, "Rahang matanda". Historians have confused these personages.

    The native fort at the mouth of the Pasig river, which Morga speaks of as equipped with brass lantkas and artillery of larger caliber, had its ramparts reinforced with thick hardwood posts such as the Tagalogs used for their houses and called "harigues", or "haligui".

    Morga has evidently confused the pacific coming of Legaspi with the attack of Goiti and Salcedo, as to date. According to other historians it was in 1570 that Manila was burned, and with it a great plant for manufacturing artillery. Goiti did not take possession of the city but withdrew to Cavite and afterwards to to Panay, which makes one suspicious of his alleged victory. As to the day of the date, the Spaniards then, having come following the course of the sun, were some sixteen hours later than Europe. This condition continued until the end of the year 1844, when the 31st of December was by special arrangement among the authorities dropped from the calendar for that year. Accordingly Legaspi did not arrive in Manila on the 19th but on the 20th of May and consequently it was not on the festival of Santa Potenciana but on San Baudelio's day. The same mistake was made with reference to the other earlyl events still wrongly commemorated, like San Andres's day for the repulse of the Chinese corsair Li Ma-hong.

    Though not mentioned by Morga, the Cebuans aided the Spaniards in their expedition against Manila, for which reason they were long exempted from tribute.

    The southern islands, the Bisayas, were also called "The land of the Painted People (or Pintados, in Spanish)" because the natives had their bodies decorated with tracings made with fire, somewhat like tattooing.

    The Spaniards retained the native name for the new capital of the archipelago, a little changed, however, for the Tagalogs had called their city "Maynila."

    When Morga says that the lands were "entrusted (given as encomiendas) to those who had "pacified" them, he means "divided up among." The word "entrust," like "pacify," later came to have a sort of ironical signification. To entrust a province was then as if it wre said that it was turned over to sack, abandoned to the cruelty and covetousness of the encomendero, to judge from the way these gentry misbehaved.

    Legaspi's grandson, Salcedo, called the Hernando Cortez of the Philippines, was the "conqueror's" intelligent right arm and the hero of the "conquest." His honesty and fine qualities, talent and personal bravery, all won the admiration of the Filipinos. Because of him they yielded to their enemies, making peace and friendship with the Spaniards. He it was who saved Manila from Li Ma-hong. He died at the early age of twenty-seven and is the only encomendero recorded to have left the great part of his possessions to the Indians of his encomienda. Vigan was his encomienda and the Illokanos there were his heirs.

    The expedition which followed the Chinese corsair Li Ma-hong, after his unsuccessful attack upon Manila, to Pangasinan province, with the Spaniards of whom Morga tells, had in it 1,500 friendly Indians from Cebu, Bohol, Leyte and Panay, besides the many others serving as laborers and crews of the ships. Former Raja Lakandola, of Tondo, with his sons and his kinsmen went too, with 200 more Bisayans and they wre joined by other Filipinos in Pangasinan.

    If discovery and occupation justify annexation, then Borneo ought to belong to Spain. In the Spanish expedition to replace on its throne a Sirela or Malacla, as he is variously called, who had been driven out by his brother, more than fifteen hundred Filipino bowmen from the provinces of Pangasinan, Kagayan and the Bisayas participated.

    It is notable how strictly the early Spanish governors were held to account. Some stayed in Manila as prisoners, one, Governor Corcuera, passed five years with Fort Santiago as his prison.

    In the fruitless expedition against the Portuguese in the island of Ternate, in the Molucca group, which was abandoned because of the prevalence of beriberi among the troops, there went 1,500 Filipino soldiers from the more warlike provinces, principally Kagayans and Pampangans.

    The "pacification" of Kagayan was accomplished by taking advantage of the jealousies among its people, particularly the rivalry between two brothers who were chiefs. An early historian asserts that without this fortunate circumstance, for the Spaniards, it would have been impossible to subjugate them.

    Captain Gabriel de Rivera, a Spanish commander who had gained fame in a raid on Borneo and the Malacca coast, was the first envoy from the Philippines to take up with the King of Spain the needs of the archipelago.

    The early conspiracy of the Manila and Pampangan former chiefs was revealed to the Spaniards by a Filipina, the wife of a soldier, and many concerned lost their lives.

    The artillery cast for the new stone fort in Manila, says Morga, was by the hand of an ancient Filipino. That is, he knew how to cast cannon even before the coming of the Spaniards, hence he was distinguished as "ancient." In this difficult art of ironworking, as in so many others, the modern or present-day Filipinos are not so far advanced as were their ancestors.

    When the English freebooter Cavandish captured the Mexican galleon Santa Ana, with 122,000 gold pesos, a great quantity of rich textiles -- silks, satins and damask, musk perfume, and stores of provisions, he took 150 prisoners. All these because of their brave defense were put ashore with ample supplies, except two Japanese lads, three Filipinos, a Portuguese and a skilled Spanish pilot whom he kept as guides in his further voyaging.

    From the earliest Spanish days ships were built in the islands, which might be considered evidence of native culture. Nowadays this industry is reduced to small craft, scows and coasters.

    The Jesuit, Father Alonso Sanchez, who visited the papal court at Rome and the Spanish King at Madrid, had a mission much like that of deputies now, but of even greater importance since he came to be a sort of counselor or representative to the absolute monarch of that epoch. One wonders why the Philippines could have a representative then but may not have one now.

    In the time of Governor Gomez Perez Dasmariñas, Manila was guarded against further damage sch as was suffered from Li Ma-hong by the construction of a massive stone wall around it. This was accomplished "without expense to the royal treasury." The same governor, in like manner, also fortified the point at the entrance to the river where had been the ancient native fort of wood, and he gave it the name Fort Santiago.

    The early cathedral of wood which was burned which was burned through carelessness at the time of the funeral of Governor Dasmariñas' predecessor, Governor Ronquillo, was made, according to the Jesuit historian Chirino, with hardwood pillars around which two men could not reach, and in harmony with this massiveness was all the woodwork above and below. It may be surmised from this how hard workers were the Filipinos of that time.

    A stone house for the bishop was built before starting on the governor-general's residence. This precedence is interesting for those who uphold the civil power.

    Morga's mention of the scant output the scant output of large artillery from the Manila cannon works because of lack of master foundry workers shows that after the death of the Filipino Panday Pira there were not Spaniards skilled enough to take his place, nor were his sons as expert as he.

    It is worthy of note that China, Japan and Cambodia at this time maintained relations with the Philippines. But in our day it has been more than a century since the natives of the latter two countries have come here. The causes which ended the relationship may be found in the interference by the religious orders with the institutions of those lands.

    For Governor Dasmariñas' expedition to conquer Ternate, in the Moluccan group, two Jesuits there gave secret information. In his 200 ships, besides 900 Spaniards, there must have been Filipinos for one chronicler speaks of Indians, as the Spaniards called the natives of the Philippines, who lost their lives and others who were made captives when the Chinese rowers mutinied. It was the custom then always to have a thousand or more native bowmen and besides the crew were almost all Filipinos, for the most part Bisayans.

    The historian Argensola, in telling of four special galleys for Dasmariñas' expedition, says that they were manned by an expedient which was generally considered rather harsh. It was ordered that there be bought enough of the Indians who were slaves of the former Indian chiefs, or principals, to form these crews, and the price, that which had been customary in pre-Spanish times, was to be advanced by the ecomenderos who later would be reimbursed from the royal treasury. In spite of this promised compensation, the measures still seem severe since those Filipinos were not correct in calling their dependents slaves. The masters treated these, and loved them, like sons rather, for they seated them at their own tables and gve them their own daughters in marriage.

    Morga says that the 250 Chinese oarsmen who manned Governor Dasmariñas' swift galley were under pay and had the special favor of not being chained to their benches. According to him it was covetousness of the wealth aboard that led them to revolt and kill the governor. But the historian Gaspar de San Agustin states that the reason for the revolt was the governor's abusive language and his threatening the rowers. Both these authors' allegations may have contributed, but more important was the fact that there was no law to compel these Chinamen to row in the galleys. They had come to Manila to engage in commerce or to work in trades or to follow professions. Still the incident contradicts the reputation for enduring everything which they have had. The Filipinos have been much more long-suffering than the Chinese since, in spite of having been obliged to row on more than one occasion, they never mutinied.

    It is difficult to excuse the missionaries' disregard of the laws of nations and the usages of honorable politics in their interference in Cambodia on the ground that it was to spread the Faith. Religion had a broad field awaiting them in the Philippines where more than nine-tenths of the natives were infidels. That even now there are to be found here so many tribes and settlements of non-Christians takes away much of the prestige of that religious zeal which in the easy life in towns of wealth, liberal and fond of display, grows lethargic. Truth is that the ancient activity was scarcely for the Faith alone, because the missionaries had to go to islands rich in spices and gold though there were at hand Mohammedans and Jews in Spain and Africa, Indians by the million in the Americas, and more millions of protestants, schismatics and heretics peopled, and still people, over six-sevenths of Europe. All of these doubtless would have accepted the Light and the true religion if the friars, under pretext of preaching to them, had not abused their hospitality and if behind the name Religion had not lurked the unnamed Domination.

    In the attempt made by Rodriguez de Figueroa to conquer Mindanao according to his contract with the King of Spain, there was fighting along the Rio Grande with the people called the Buhahayenes. Their general, according to Argensola, was the celebrated Silonga, later distinguished for many deeds in raids on the Bisayas and adjacent islands. Chirino relates an anecdote of his coolness under fire once during a truce for a marriage among Mindanao "principalia." Young Spaniards out of bravado fired at his feet but he passed on as if unconscious of the bullets.

    Argensola has preserved the name of the Filipino who killed Rodriguez de Figueroa. It was Ubal. Two days previously he had given a banquet, slaying for it a beef animal of his own, and then made the promise which he kept, to do away with the leader of the Spanish invaders. A Jesuit writer calls him a traitor though the justification for that term of reproach is not apparent. The Buhahayen people were in their own country, and had neither offended nor declared war upon the Spaniards. They had to defend their homes against a powerful invader, with superior forces, many of whom were, by reason of their armor, invulnerable so far as rude Indians were concerned. Yet these same Indians were defenseless against the balls from their muskets. By the Jesuit's line of reasoning, the heroic Spanish peasantry in their war for independence would have been a people even more treacherous. It was not Ubal's fault that he was not seen and, as it was wartime, it would have been the height of folly, in view of the immense disparity of arms, to have first called out to this preoccupied opponent, and then been killed himself.

    The muskets used by the Buhayens were probably some that had belonged to Figueroa's soldiers who had died in battle. Though the Philippines had latakas and other artillery, muskets were unknown until the Spaniards came.

    That the Spaniards used the word "discover" very carelessly may be seen from an admiral's turning in a report of his "discovery" of the Solomon islands though he noted that the islands had been discovered before.

    Death has always been the first sign of European civilization on its introduction in the Pacific Ocean. God grant that it may not be the last, though to judge by statistics the civilized islands are losing their populations at a terrible rate. Magellan himself inaugurated his arrival in the Marianes islands by burning more than forty houses, many small craft and seven people because one of his ships had been stolen. Yet to the simple savages the act had nothing wrong in it but was done with the same naturalness that civilized people hunt, fish, and subjugate people that are weak or ill-armed.

    The Spanish historians of the Philippines never overlook any opportunity, be it suspicion or accident, that may be twisted into something unfavorable to the Filipinos. They seem to forget that in almost every case the reason for the rupture has been some act of those who were pretending to civilize helpless peoples by force of arms and at the cost of their native land. What would these same writers have said if the crimes committed by the Spaniards, the Portuguese and the Dutch in their colonies had been committed by the islanders?

    The Japanese were not in error when they suspected the Spanish and Portuguese religious propaganda to have political motives back of the missionary activities. Witness the Moluccas where Spanish missionaries served as spies; Cambodia, which it was sought to conquer under cloak of converting; and many other nations, among them the Filipinos, where the sacrament of baptism made of the inhabitants not only subjects of the King of Spain but also slaves of the encomenderos, and as well slaves of the churches and converts. What would Japan have been now had not its emperors uprooted Catholicism? A missionary record of 1625 sets forth that the King of Spain had arranged with certain members of Philippine religious orders that, under guise of preaching the faith and making Christians, they should win over the Japanese and oblige them to make themselves of the Spanish party, and finally it told of a plan whereby the King of Spain should become also King of Japan. In corroboration of this may be cited the claims that Japan fell within the Pope's demarcation lines for Spanish expansion and so there was complaint of missionaries other than Spanish there. Therefore it was not for religion that they were converting the infidels!

    The raid by Datus Sali and Silonga of Mindanao, in 1599 with 50 sailing vessels and 3,000 warriors, against the capital of Panay, is the first act of piracy by the inhabitants of the South which is recorded in Philippine history. I say "by the inhabitants of the South" because earlier there had been other acts of piracy, the earliest being that of Magellan's expedition when it seized the shipping of friendly islands and even of those whom they did not know, extorting for them heavy ransoms. It will be remembered that these Moro piracies continued for more than two centuries, during which the indomitable sons of the South made captives and carried fire and sword not only in neighboring islands but into Manila Bay to Malate, to the very gates of the capital, and not once a year merely but at times repeating their raids five and six times in a single season. Yet the government was unable to repel them or to defend the people whom it had disarmed and left without protection. Estimating that the cost to the islands was but 800 victims a year, still the total would be more than 200,000 persons sold into slavery or killed, all sacrificed together with so many other things to the prestige of that empty title, Spanish sovereignty.

    Still the Spaniards say that the Filipinos have contributed nothing to Mother Spain, and that it is the islands which owe everything. It may be so, but what about the enormous sum of gold which was taken from the islands in the early years of Spanish rule, of the tributes collected by the encomenderos, of the nine million dollars yearly collected to pay the military, expenses of the employees, diplomatic agents, corporations and the like, charged to the Philippines, with salaries paid out of the Philippine treasury not only for those who come to the Philippines but also for those who leave, to some who never have been and never will be in the islands, as well as to others who have nothing to do with them. Yet allof this is as nothing in comparison with so many captives gone, such a great number of soldiers killed in expeditions, islands depopulated, their inhabitants sold as slaves by the Spaniards themselves, the death of industry, the demoralization of the Filipinos, and so forth, and so forth. Enormous indeed would the benefits which that sacred civilization brought to the archipelago have to be in order to counterbalance so heavy a cost.

    While Japan was preparing to invade the Philippines, these islands were sending expeditions to Tonquin and Cambodia, leaving the homeland helpless, even against the undisciplined hordes from the South, so obsessed were the Spaniards with the idea of making conquests.

    In the alleged victory of Morga over the Dutch ships, the latter found upon the bodies of five Spaniards, who lost their lives in that combat, little silver boxes filled with prayers and invocations to the saints. Here would seem to be the origin of the anting-anting of the modern tulisanes, which are also of a religious character.

    In Morga's time, the Philippines exported silk to Japan whence now comes the best quality of that merchandise.

    Morga's views upon the failure of Governor Pedro de Acuña's ambitious expedition against the Moros unhappily still apply for the same conditions yet exist. For fear of uprisings and loss of Spain's sovereignty over the islands, the inhabitants were disarmed, leaving them exposed to the harassing of a powerful and dreaded enemy. Even now, though the use of steam vessels has put an end to piracy from outside, the same fatal system still is followed. The peaceful country folk are deprived of arms and thus made unable to defend themselves against the bandits, or tulisanes, which the government cannot restrain. It is an encouragement to banditry thus to make easy its getting booty.

    Hernando de los Rios blames these Moluccan wars for the fact that at first the Philippines were a source of expense to Spain instead of profitable in spite of the tremendous sacrifices of the Filipinos, their practically gratuitous labor in building and equipping the galleons, and despite, too, the tribute, tariffs and other imposts and monopolies. These wars to gain the Moluccas, which soon were lost forever with the little that had been so laboriously obtained, were a heavy drain upon the Philippines. They depopulated the country and bankrupted the treasury, with not the slightest compensating benefit. True also is it that it was to gain the Moluccas that Spain kept the Philippines, the desire for the rich spice islands being one of the most powerful arguments when, because of their expense to him, the King thought of withdrawing and abandoning them.

    Among the Filipinos who aided the government when the Manila Chinese revolted, Argensola says there were 4,000 Pampangans "armed after the way of their land, with bows and arrows, short lances, shields, and broad and long daggers." Some Spanish writers say that the Japanese volunteers and the Filipinos showed themselves cruel in slaughtering the Chinese refugees. This may very well have been so, considering the hatred and rancor then existing, but those in command set the example.

    The loss of two Mexican galleons in 1603 called forth no comment from the religious chroniclers who were accustomed to see the avenging hand of God in the misfortunes and accidents of their enemies. Yet there were repeated shipwrecks of the vessels that carried from the Philippines wealth which encomenderos had extorted from the Filipinos, using force, or making their own laws, and when not using these open means, cheating by the weights and measures.

    The Filipino chiefs who at their own expense went with the Spanish expedition against Ternate, in the Moluccas, in 1605, were Don Guillermo Palaot, Maestro de Campo, and Captains Francisco Palaot, Juan Lit, Luis Lont, and Agustin Lont. They had with them 400 Tagalogs and Pampangans. The leaders bore themselves bravely for Argensola writes that in the assault on Ternate, "No officer, Spaniard or Indian, went unscathed!"

    The Cebuans drew a pattern on the skin before starting in to tatoo. The Bisayan usage then was the same procedure that the Japanese today follow.

    Ancient traditions ascribe the origin of the Malay Filipinos to the island of Samatra. These traditions were almost completely lost as well as the mythology and the genealogies of which the early historians tell, thanks to the zeal of the missionaries in eradicating all national remembrances as heathen or idolatrous. The study of ethnology is restring this somewhat.

    The chiefs used to wear upper garments, usually of Indian fine gauze according to Colin, of red color, a shade for which they had the same fondness that the Romans had. The barbarous tribes in Mindanao still have the same taste.

    The "easy virtue" of the native women that historians note is not solely to the simplicity with which they obeyed their natural instincts but much more due to a religious belief of which Father Chirino tells. It was that in the journey after death to "Kalualhatiran," the abode of the spirit, there was a dangerous river to cross that had no bridge other than a very narrow strip of wood over which a woman could not pass unless she had a husband or lover to extend a hand to assist her. Furthermore, the religious annals of the early missions are filled with countless instances where native maidens chose death rather than sacrifice their chastity to the threats and violence of encomenderos and Spanish soldiers. As to the mercenary social evil, that is worldwide and there is no nation that can "throw the first stone" at the other. For the rest, today the Philippines has no reason to blush in comparing its womankind with the women of the most chaste nation in the world.

    Morga's remark that the Filipinos like fish better when it is commencing to turn bad is another of those prejudices which Spaniards like all other nations, have. In matters of food, each is nauseated with what he is unaccustomed to or doesn't know is eatable. The English, for example, find their gorge rising when they see a Spaniard eating snails, while in turn the Spanish find roast beef English-style repugnant and can't understand the relish of other Europeans for beef steak a la Tartar which to them is simply raw meat. The Chinamen, who likes shark's meat, cannot bear Roquefort cheese, and these examples might be indefinitely extended. The Filipinos favorite fish dish is the bagong and whoever has tried to eat it knows that it is not considered improved when tainted. It neither is, nor ought to be, decayed.

    Colin says the ancient Filipinos had had minstrels who had memorized songs telling their genealogies and of the deeds ascribed to their deities. These were chanted on voyages in cadence with the rowing, or at festivals, or funerals, or wherever there happened to be any considerable gatherings. It is regrettable that these chants have not been preserved as from them it would have been possible to learn much of the Filipinos' past and possibly of the history of neighboring islands.

    The cannon foundry mentioned by Morga as in the walled city was probably on the site of the Tagalog one which was destroyed by fire on the first coming of the Spaniards. That established in 1584 was in Lamayan, that is, Santa Ana now, and was transferred to the old site in 1590. It continued to work until 1805. According to Gaspar San Augustin, the cannon which the pre-Spanish Filipinos cast were "as great as those of Malaga," Spain's foundry. The Filipino plant was burned with all that was in it save a dozen large cannons and some smaller pieces which the Spanish invaders took back with them to Panay. The rest of their artillery equipment had been thrown by the Manilans, then Moros, into the sea when they recognized their defeat.

    Malate, better Maalat, was where the Tagalog aristocracy lived after they were dispossessed by the Spaniards of their old homes in what is now the walled city of Manila. Among the Malate residents were the families of Raja Matanda and Raja Soliman. The men had various positions in Manila and some were employed in government work nearby. "They were very courteous and well-mannered," says San Agustin. "The women were very expert in lace-making, so much so that they were not at all behind the women of Flanders."

    Morga's statement that there was not a province or town of the Filipinos that resisted conversion or did not want it may have been true of the civilized natives. But the contrary was the fact among the mountain tribes. We have the testimony of several Dominican and Augustinian missionaries that it was impossible to go anywhere to make conversions without other Filipinos along and a guard of soldiers. "Otherwise, says Gaspan de San Agustin, there would have been no fruit of the Evangelic Doctrine gathered, for the infidels wanted to kill the Friars who came to preach to them." An example of this method of conversion given by the same writer was a trip to the mountains by two Friars who had a numerous escort of Pampangans. The escort's leader was Don Agustin Sonson who had a reputation for daring and carried fire and sword into the country, killing many, including the chief, Kabadi.

    "The Spaniards," says Morga, "were accustomed to hold as slaves such natives as they bought and others that they took in the forays in the conquest or pacification of the islands." Consequently in this respect the "pacifiers" introduced no moral improvement. We even do not know if in their wars the Filipinos used to make slaves of each other, though that would not have been strange, for the chroniclers tell of captives returned to their own people. The practice of the Southern pirates, almost proves this, although in these piratical wars the Spaniards were the first aggressors and gave them their character.
              The Indolence of the Filipinos   
    English translation by Charles Derbyshire. The article by José Rizal, originally written in Spanish, was published in La Solidaridad in five installments,from July 15 to September 15, 1890.

    PART ONE: Doctor Sanciano, in his Progreso de Filipinas, has taken up this question, agitated, as he calls it, and relying upon facts and reports furnished by the very same Spanish authorities that ruled the Philippines has demonstrated that such indolence does not exist, and that all said about it does not deserve a reply or even passing choice.

    Nevertheless as discussion of it has been continued, not only by government employees who make it responsible for their own shortcomings, not only by the friars who regard it as necessary in order that they may continue to represent themselves as indispensable, but also by serious and disinterested persons: and as evidence of greater or less weight may be adduced in opposition to that which Dr. Sanciano cites, it seems expedient to us to study this question thoroughly, without superciliousness or sensitiveness, without prejudice, without pessimism. As as we can only serve our country by telling the truth, however, bitter it be, just as flagrant and skillful negation cannot refute a real and positive fact, in spite of the brilliance of the arguments; as mere affirmation is not sufficient to create something possible, let us calmly examine the facts, using on our part all the impartiality of which a man is capable who is convinced that there is no redemption except upon solid bases of virtue.

    The word indolence has been greatly misused in the sense of little love for work and lack of energy, while ridicule has concealed the misuse. This much-discussed question has met with the same fate as certain panaceas and specifics of the quacks who by ascribing to them impossible virtues have discredited them. In the Middle Ages, and even in some Catholic countries now, the devil is blamed for everything that superstitious folk cannot understand or the perversity of mankind is loath to confess. In the Philippines one's and another's faults, the shortcomings of one, the misdeeds of another, are attributed to indolence. And just as in the Middle Ages he who sought the explanation of phenomena outside of infernal influences was persecuted, so in the Philippines worse happens to him who seeks the origin of the trouble outside of accepted beliefs.

    The consequence of this misuse is that there are some who are interested in stating it as a dogma and others in combating it as a ridiculous superstition, if not a punishable delusion. Yet it is not to be inferred from the misuse of a thing that it does not exist.

    We think that there must be something behind all this outcry, for it is incredible that so many should err, among whom we have said there are a lot of serious and disinterested persons. Some act in bad faith, though levity, through levity, through want of sound judgment, through limitation in reasoning power, ignorance of the past, or other cause. Some repeat what they have heard, without examination or reflection; others speak through pessimism or are impelled by that human characteristic which paints as perfect everything that belongs to oneself and defective whatever belongs to another. But it cannot be denied that there are some who worship truth, or if not truth itself at least the semblance thereof which is truth in the mind of the crowd.

    Examining well, then, all scenes and all the men that we have known from childhood; and the life of our country, we believe that indolence does exist there. The Filipinos, who can measure up with the most active peoples in the world, will doubtless not repudiate his admission, for it is true there one works and struggles against the climate, against nature and against men. But we must not take the exception for the general rule, and should rather seek the good of our country by stating what we believe to be true. We must confess that indolence does actually and positively exist there, only that, instead of holding it to be the cause of the backwardness and the trouble, we regard it as the effect of the trouble and the backwardness, by fostering the development of a lamentable predisposition.

    Those who have as yet treated of indolence, with the exception of Dr. Sancianco, have been content to deny or affirm it. We know of no one who has studied its causes. Nevertheless, those who admit its existence and exaggerate it more or less have not therefore failed to advise remedies taken from here and there, from Java, from India, from other English or Dutch colonies, like the quack who saw a fever cured with a dozen sardines and afterwards always prescribed these fish at every rise in temperature that he discovered in his patient.

    We shall proceed otherwise. Before proposing a remedy we shall examine the causes, and even though strictly speaking a predisposition is not a cause, let us, however, study at its true value this predisposition due to nature.

    The predisposition exists? Why shouldn't it?

    A hot climate requires of the individual quiet and rest, just as cold incites to labor and action. For this reason the Spaniard is more indolent than the Frenchman; the Frenchman more so than the German. The Europeans themselves who reproach the residents of the colonies so much (and I am not now speaking of the Spaniards but of the Germans and English themselves), how do they live in tropical countries? Surrounded by a numerous train of servants, never-going afoot but riding in a carriage, needing servants not only to take off their shoes for them but even to them! And yet they live and eat better, they work for themselves to get rich, with the hope of a future, free and respected, while the poor colonist, the indolent colonist, is badly nourished, has no hope, toils for others, and works under force and compulsion! Perhaps the reply to this will be that white men are not made to stand the severity of the climate. A mistake! A man can live in any climate, if he will only adapt himself to its requirements and conditions. What kills the European in hot countries is the abuse of liquors, the attempt to live according to the nature of his own country under another sky and another sun. We inhabitants of hot countries live will in northern Europe whenever we take the precautions of the people there do. Europeans can also stand the torrid zone, if only they would get rid of their prejudices.

    The fact is that in tropical countries violent work is not a good thing as it is in cold countries, there it is death, destruction, annihilation. Nature knows this and like a just mother has therefore made the earth more fertile, more productive, as a compensation. An hour's work under that burning sun, in the midst of pernicious influences springing from nature in activity, is equal to a day's work in a temperate climate; it is, then, just that the earth yields a hundred fold! Moreover, do we not see the active European, who feels the fresh blood of spring boil in his veins, do we not see him abandon his labors, during the few days of his variable summer, close his office -- where the work is not violent and amounts for many to talking and gesticulating in the shade beside a lunch stand -- flee to watering places, sit in the cafes or stroll about. What wonder then that the inhabitant of tropical countries, worn out and with his blood thinned by the continuous and excessive heat is reduced to inaction? Who is the indolent one in the Manila offices? Is it the poor clerk who comes in at eight in the morning and leaves at one in the afternoon with only his parasol, who copies and writes and works for himself and for his chief, or is it the chief, who comes in a carriage at ten o'clock, leaves before twelve, reads his newspaper while smoking and with his feet cocked up on a chair or a table, or gossiping about all his friends? What is indolent, the native coadjutor, poorly paid and badly treated, who has to visit all the indigent sick living in the country, or the friar curate who gets fabulously rich, goes about in a carriage, eats and drinks well, and does not put himself to any trouble without collecting an excessive fee?

    Without speaking further of the Europeans in what violent labor does the Chinaman engage in tropical countries, the industrious Chinaman, who flees from his own country driven by hunger and whose whole ambition is to amass a small fortune? With the exception of some porters, an occupation that the natives also follow, he nearly always engages in the trade, in commerce; so rarely does he take up agriculture that we do not know of a single case. The Chinaman who in other colonies cultivates the soil does so only for a certain number of years and then retires.

    We find, then, the tendency to indolence very natural, and have to admit and bless it, for we cannot alter natural laws, and without it the race would have disappeared. l Man is not a brute, he is not a machine, his object is not merely to produce, in spite of the pretensions of some Christian whites who would make of the colored Christian a kind of motive power somewhat more intelligent and less costly than steam. Man's object is not to satisfy the passions of another man, his object is to seek happiness for himself and his kind by traveling along the road of progress and perfection.

    The evil is not that indolence exists more or less latently but that it is fostered and magnified. Among men, as well as among nations, there exist no only, aptitudes but also tendencies good and evil. To foster the good ones and aid them, as well as correct the evil and repress them, would be the duty of society and government, if less noble thoughts did not occupy their attention. The evil is that the indolence in the Philippines is a magnified indolence, an indolence of the snowball type, if we may be permitted the expression, an evil that increases in direct proportion to the periods of time, and effect of misgovernment and of backwardness, as we have said, and not a cause thereof. Others will hold the contrary opinion, especially those who have a hand in the misgovernment, but we do not care; we have made an assertion and are going to prove it.

    PART TWO: When in consequence of a long chronic illness the condition of the patient is examined, the question may arise whether the weakening of the fibers and the debility of the organs are the cause of the malady's continuing or the effect of the bad treatment that prolongs its action. The attending physician attributes the entire failure of his skill to the poor constitution of the patient, to the climate, to the surroundings, and so on. On the other hand, the patient attributes the aggravation of the evil to the system of treatment followed. Only the common crowd, the inquisitive populace, shakes its head and cannot reach a decision.

    Something like this happens in the case of the Philippines. Instead of a physician, read government, that is friars, employees, etc. Instead of patient, Philippines; instead of malady, indolence.

    And just as happens in similar cases when the patient gets worse, everybody loses his head, each one dodges the responsibility to place it upon somebody else, and instead of seeking the causes in order to combat the evil in them, devotes himself at best to attacking the symptoms; here a blood-letting, a tax; there a plaster, forced labor, further on a sedative, a trifling reform. Every new arrival proposes a new remedy; one, seasons of prayer, the relics of a saint, the viaticum, the friars; another shower-bath; still another, with pretensions to modern ideas, a transfusion of blood. "It's nothing, only the patient has eight million indolent red corpuscles; some few white corpuscles in the form of an agricultural colony will get us out of the trouble."

    So, on all sides there are groans, gnawing of lips, clenching of fists, many hollow words, great ignorance, a deal of talk, a lot of fear. The patient is near his finish!

    Yes, transfusion of blood, transfusion of blood! New life, new vitality! Yes, new white corpuscles that you are going to inject into its veins, the new white corpuscles that were a cancer in another organism will withstand all the depravity of the system, will have more stamina than all the degeneration, all the trouble in the principal organs. Be thankful if they do not become coagulations and produce gangrene, be thankful if they do not reproduce the cancer!

    While the patient breathes, we must not lose hope, and however late we may be, a judicious examination is never superfluous; at least the cause of death may be known. We are not trying to put all the blame on the physician, and still less on the patient, for we have already spoken of a predisposition, in the absence of which the race would disappear, sacrificed to excessive labor in a tropical country.

    Indolence in the Philippines is a chronic malady, but not a heredity one. The Filipinos have not always been what they are, witnesses whereto are all the historians of the first years after the discovery of the Islands.

    Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Malayan Filipinos carried on an active trade, no only among themselves but also with all the neighboring countries. A Chinese manuscript of the 13th century, translated by Dr. Hirth (Globus, September, 1889), which we will take up at another time, speaks of China's relations with the islands, relations purely commercial, which mention is made of the activity and honesty of the traders of Luzon, who took the Chinese products and distributed them throughout all the islands, for the merchandise that the Chinaman did not remember to have given them. The products which they in exchange exported from the islands were crude wax, cotton, pearls, tortoise shell, betel-nuts, dry goods, etc.

    The first thing noticed by Pigafetta who came with Magellan in 1521, on arriving at the first island of the Philippines, Samar, was the courtesy and kindness of the inhabitants and their commerce. "To honor our captain," he says, "they conducted him to their boats where they had their merchandise, which consisted of cloves, cinnamon, pepper, nutmegs, mace, gold and other things; and they made us understand by gestures that such articles were to be found in the islands to which we were going."

    Further on he speaks of the vessels and utensils of solid gold that he found in Butuan where the people worked in mines. He describes the silk dresses, the daggers with long gold hilts and scabbards of carved wood, the gold sets of teeth, etc. Among cereals and fruits he mentions rice, millet, oranges, lemons, panicum, etc.

    That the islands maintained relations with neighboring countries and even with distant ones is proven by the ships from Siam, laden with gold and slaves, that Magellan found in Cebu. These ships paid certain duties to the king of the island. In the same year, 1521, the survivors of Magellan's expedition met the son of the Rajah of Luzon, who, as captain-general of the Sultan of Borneo and admiral of his fleet, had conquered for him the great city of Lave (Sarawak ?). Might this captain, who was greatly feared by all his foes, have been the Rajah Matanda whom the Spaniards afterwards encountered in Tondo in 1570?

    In 1539 the warriors of Luzon took part in the formidable contests of Sumatra, and under the orders of Angi Sity Timor, Rajah of Batta, conquered and overthrew the terrible Alzadin, Sultan of Atchin, renowned in the historical annals of the Far East. (Marseen, History of Sumatra, chapter 20)

    At that time, that sea where float the islands like a set of emeralds on a paten of bright glass, that sea was everywhere traversed by junks, paraus, barangays, vintas, vessels swift as shuttles so large that they could maintain a hundred rowers on a side (Morga); that sea bore everywhere commerce, industry, agriculture, by the force of the oars moved to the sound of warlike songs of the genealogies and achievements of the Philippine divinities. (Colin, Chapter 15)

    Wealth abounded in the islands. Pigafetta tells us of the abundance of foodstuffs in Pragua and of its inhabitants, who nearly all tilled their own fields. At this island the survivors of Magellan's expedition were well received and provisioned. A little later, these same survivors captured a vessel, plundered and sacked it and took prisoner in it the chief of the Island of Paragua with his son and brother.

    In this same vessel they captured bronze lombards, and this is the first mention of artillery of the Filipino, for these lombards were useful to the chief of Paragua against the savages of the interior.

    They let him ransom himself within seven days, demanding 400 measures (cavanes ?) of rice, 20 pigs, 20 goats, and 450 chickens. This is the first act of piracy recorded in Philippine history. The chief of Paragua paid everything, and moreover, voluntarily added coconuts, bananas, and sugar-cane jars filled with palm wine. When Caesar was taken prisoner by the corsairs and required to pay twenty-five talents ransom, he replied, "I'll give you fifty, but later I'll have you crucified!" The chief of Paragua was more generous: he forgot. His conduct, while it may reveal weakness, also demonstrates that the islands ere abundantly provisioned. This chief was named Tuan Mahamud; his brother, Guantil, and his son, Tuan Mahamud. (Martin Mendez, Purser of the ship Victoria: Archivo de Indias.)

    A very extraordinary thing, and one that shows the facility with which the natives learned Spanish, is that fifty years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Luzon, in that very year 1521, when they first came to the islands, there were already natives of Luzon who understood Castilian. In the treaties of peace that the survivors of Magellan's expedition made with the chief of Paragua, when the servant-interpreter died they communicated with one another through a Moro who had been captured in the island of the King of Luzon and who understood some Spanish (Martin Mendez; op cit.) Where did this extemporaneous interpreter learn Castilian? In the Moluccas? In Malacca, with the Portuguese? Spaniards did not reach Luzon until 1571.

    Legazpi's expedition met in Butuan various traders of Luzon with their boats laden with iron, cloths, porcelain, etc. (Gaspar de San Agustin) plenty of provisions, activity, trade, movement in all the southern islands.

    They arrived at the Island of Cebu, "abounding in provisions, with mines and washings of gold, and peopled with natives, "as Morga says: "very populous, and at a port frequented by many ships that came from the islands and kingdoms near India," as Colin says: and even though they were peacefully received discord soon arose. The city was taken by force and burned. The first destroyed the food supplies and naturally famine broke out in that town of a hundred thousand people, as the historians say, and among the members of the expedition, but the neighboring islands quickly relieved the need, thanks to the abundance they enjoyed.

    All the histories of those first years, in short, abound in long accounts about the industry and agriculture of the natives; mines, gold-washings, looms, farms, barter, naval construction, raising of poultry and stock, weaving of silk and cotton, distilleries, manufactures of arms, pearl fisheries, the civet industry, the horn and hide industry, etc., are things encountered at every step, and considering the time and the conditions in the islands, prove that there was life, there was activity, there was movement.

    And if this, which is deduction, does not convince any minds imbued with unfair prejudices perhaps, of some avail may be the testimony of the oft-quoted Dr. Morga, who was Lieutenant-Governor of Manila for seven years and after rendering great service in the Archipelago was appointed criminal judge of the Audiencia of Mexico and Counselor of the Inquisition. His testimony, we say, is highly credible, not only because all his contemporaries have spoken of him in terms that border on veneration but also because his work, from which we take these citations, is written with great circumspection and care, as well with reference to the authorities in the Philippines as to the errors they committed. "The natives," says Morga, in Chapter Seven, speaking of the occupations of the Chinese, "are very far from exercising those trade and have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton, and weaving cloth. As they used to do in their Paganism and for a long time after the country was conquered."

    The whole Chapter 8 of his work deals with this moribund activity, this much forgotten industry, and yet in spite of that, how long is his eighth chapter!

    And not only Morga, not also Chirinco, Colin, Argensola, Gaspar de San Agustin and others agree to this matter, but modern travelers, after two hundred and fifty years, examining the decadence and misery, assert the same thing. Dr. Hans Meyer, when he saw the tribes not subdued cultivating beautiful fields and working energetically, asked if they would not become indolent when they in turn should accept Christianity and a paternal government.

    Accordingly, the Filipinos in spite of the climate, in spite of their few needs (they were less then than now), were not the indolent creatures of our time, and, as we shall see later on, their ethics and their mode of life were not what is not complacently attributed to them.

    How then, and in what way, was that active and enterprising infidel native of ancient times converted into the lazy and indolent Christian, as our contemporary writers say?

    We have already spoken of the more or less latent predisposition which exists in the Philippines toward indolence, and which must exist everywhere, in the whole world, in all men, because we all hate work more or less, as it may be more or less hard, more ore less unproductive. The dolce far niente of the Italian, the rascarse la barriga of the Spaniard, the supreme aspiration of the bourgeois to live on his income in peace and tranquility, attest this.

    What causes operated to awake this terrible predisposition from its lethargy? How is it that the Filipino people, so fond of its customs as to border on routine, has given up its ancient habits of work, of trade, of navigation, etc., even to the extent of completely forgetting its past?

    PART THREE: A fatal combination of circumstances, some independent of the will in spite of men's efforts, others in offspring of stupidity and ignorance, others the inevitable corollaries of false principles, and still others the result of more or less base passions, has induced the decline of labor, an evil which instead of being remedies by prudence, mature reflection and recognition of the mistakes made, through a deplorable policy, through regrettable blindness and obstinacy, has gone from bad to worse until it has reached the condition in which we now see it.

    First came the wars, the internal disorders which the new change of affairs naturally brought with it. It was necessary to subject the people either by cajolery or force; there were fights, there was slaughter; those who had submitted peacefully seemed to repent of it; insurrections were suspected, and some occurred; naturally there were executions, and many capable laborers perished. Add to this condition of disorder the invasion of Li-Mahong; add continual wars into which the inhabitants of the Philippines were pledged to maintain the honor of Spain, to extend the sway of her flag in Borneo, in the Moluccas and in Indo-China; to repel the Dutch foe; costly wars, fruitless expeditions, in which each time thousands and thousands of native archers and rowers were recorded to have embarked, but whether they returned to their homes was never stated. Like the tribute that once upon a time Greece sent to the Minotaur of Crete, the Philippine youth embarked for the expedition, saying goodbye to their country forever; on their horizon were the stormy sea, the interminable wars, the rash expeditions. Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad . . . When the Spaniards reached this island (Panay) it is said that there were on it more than fifty thousand families; but these diminished greatly . . . and at present they may amount to some fourteen thousand tributaries." From fifty thousand families to fourteen thousand tributaries in little over half a century!

    We would never get through, had we to quote all the evidence of the authors regarding the frightful diminution of the inhabitants of the Philippines in the first years after the discovery. In the time of their first bishop, that is, ten years after Legazpi. Philip II said that they had been reduced to less than two-thirds.

    Add to these fatal expeditions that wasted all the moral and material energies of the country, the frightful inroads of the terrible pirates from the south, instigated and encouraged by the government, first in order to get a complaint and afterwards disarm the islands subjected to it, inroads that reached the very shores of Manila, even Malate itself, and during which were sen to set out for captivity and slavery, in the baleful glow of burning villages, strings of wretches who had been unable to defend themselves, leaving behind them the ashes of their homes and the corpses of their parents and children. Morga, who recounts the first piratical invasion, says: "The boldness of these people of Mindanao did great damage to the Visayan Island, as much by what they did in them as by the fear and fright which the native acquired, because the latter were in the power of the Spaniards who held them subject and tributary and unarmed, in such manner that they did not protect them from their enemies or leave the means with which to defend themselves, AS THEY DID WHEN THERE WERE NO SPANIARDS IN THE COUNTRY." These piratical attacks continually reduce the number of the inhabitants of the Philippines, since the independent Malays were especially notorious for their atrocities and murders, sometimes because they believed that to preserve their independence it was necessary to weaken the Spaniard by reducing the number of his subjects, sometimes because a greater hatred and a deeper resentment inspired them against the Christian Filipino who, being of their own race, served the stranger in order to deprive them of their precious liberty. These expeditions lasted about three centuries, being repeated five and ten times a year, and each expedition cost the island over eight hundred prisoners.

    "With the invasions of the pirates from Sulu and Mindanao," says Padre Gaspar de San Agustin, (the island of Bantayan, near Cebu) "has greatly reduced, because they easily captured the people there, since the latter had no place to fortify themselves and were far from help from Cebu. The hostile Sulus did great damage in this island in 1608, leaving it almost depopulated." (Page 380)

    These rough attacks, coming from without, produced a counter effect in the interior, which, carried out medical comparisons was like a purge or diet in an individual who has just lost a great deal of blood. In order to make headway against so many calamities, to secure their sovereignty and take the offensive in these disastrous contests, to isolate the warlike Sulus from their neighbors in the south, to care for the needs of the empire of the Indies (for one of the reasons why the Philippines were kept, as contemporary documents prove, ws their strategic position between New Spain and the Indies), to wrest from the Dutch their growing colonies of the Molluccas and get red of some troublesome neighbors, to maintain, in short, the trade of China and New Spain, it was necessary to construct new and large ships which, as we have seen, costly as they were to the country for their equipment and the rowers they required, were not less so because of the manner in which they were constructed. Padre Fernando de lost Rios Coronel, who fought in these wards and later turned priest, speaking of these King's ships, said, "As they were so large, the timber needed was scarcely to be found in the forests (of the Philippines?), and thus it was necessary to seek it with great difficulty in the most remote of them, where, once found, in order to haul and convey it to the shipyard the towns of the surrounding country had to be depopulated of natives, who get it out with immense labor, damage, and cost to them. The natives furnished the masts for a galleon, according to the assertion of the Franciscans, and I heard the governor of the province where they were cut, which is Laguna de Bay, say that to haul them seven leagues over very broken mountains 6,000 natives were engaged three months, without furnishing them food, which the wretched native had to seek for himself!"

    And Gaspar de San Agustin says: "In these times (1690), Bacolor has not the people that it had in the past because of the uprising in that province when Don Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was Governor of these islands and because of the continual labor of cutting timber for his Majesty's shipyards, which hinders them from cultivating the very fertile plain they have.

    If this is not sufficient to explain the depopulation of the islands and the abandonment of industry, agriculture and commerce, then add "the natives who were executed, those who left their wives and children and fled in disgust to the mountains, those who were sold into slavery to pay the taxes levied upon them," as Fernando de los Rios Coronel says; add to all this what Philip II said in reprimanding Bishop Salazar about "natives sold to some encomenderos to others, those flogged to death, the women who are crushed to death by their heavy burdens, those who sleep in the fields and bear and nurse their children and die bitten by poisonous vermin, the many who are executed and left to die of hunger and those who eat poisonous herbs . . . and the mothers who kill their children in bearing them," and you will understand how in less than thirty years the population of the Philippines was reduced one-third. We are not saying this: it was said by Gaspar de San Agustin, the preeminently anti-Filipino Augustinian, and he confirms it throughout the rest of his work by speaking every moment of the state of neglect in which lay the farms and field once so flourishing and so well cultivated, the town thinned that had formerly been inhabited by many leading families!

    How is it strange, then, that discouragement may have been infused into the spirit of the inhabitants of the Philippines, when in the midst of so many calamities they did not know whether they would see sprout the seed they were planting, whether their field was going to be their grave or their crop would go to feed their executioner? What is there strange in it, when we see the pious but impotent friars of that time trying to free their poor parishioners from the tyranny of the encomenderos by advising them to stop work in the mines, to abandon their commerce, to break up their looms, pointing out to them heaven for their whole hope, preparing them for death as their only consolation?

    Man works for an object. Remove the object and you reduce him to inaction. The most active man in the world will fold his arms from the instant he understands that it is madness to bestir himself, that this work will be the cause of his trouble, that for him it will be the cause of vexations at home and of the pirate's greed abroad. It seems that these thoughts have never entered the minds of those who cry out against the indolence of the Filipinos.

    Even were the Filipino not a man like the rest, even were we to suppose that zeal in him for work was as essential as the movement of a wheel caught in the gearing of others in motion; even were we to deny him foresight and the judgment that the past and present form, there would still be left us another reason to explain the attack of the evil. The abandonment of the fields by their cultivators, whom the wars and piratical attacks dragged from their homes was sufficient to reduce to nothing the hard labor of so many generations. In the Philippines abandon for a year the land most beautifully tended and you will see how you will have to begin all over again: the rain will wipe out the furrows, the floods will drown the seeds, pants and bushes will grow up everywhere, and on seeing so much useless labor the hand will drop the hoe, the laborer will desert his plow. Isn't there left the fine life of the pirate?

    Thus is understood that sad discouragement which we find in the friar writers of the 17th century, speaking of once very fertile plains submerged, of provinces and towns depopulate, of leading families exterminated. These pages resemble a sad and monotonous scene in the night after a lively day. Of Cagayan, Padre Agustin speaks with mournful brevity: "A great deal of cotton, of which they made good cloth that the Chinese and Japanese every year bought and carried away." In the historian's time, the industry and the trade had come to an end.

    It seems that there are causes more than sufficient to breed indolence in the midst of a beehive. Thus is explained why, after thirty-two years of the system, the circumspect and prudent Morga said that the natives have forgotten much about farming, raising poultry, stock and cotton and weaving cloth, as they used to do in their paganism and for a long time after the country had been conquered!"

    Still they struggled a long time against indolence, yes: but their enemies were so numerous that at last they gave up!

    PART FOUR: We recognize the causes that awoke the predisposition and provoked the evil: now let us see what foster and sustain it. In this connection government and governed have to bow our heads and say: "We deserve our fate."

    We have already truly said that when a house becomes disturbed and disordered, we should not accuse the youngest child or the servants, but the head of it, especially if his authority is unlimited. He who does not act freely is not responsible for his actions; and the Filipino people, not being master of its liberty, is not responsible for either its misfortunes or its woes. We say this, it is true, but, as well as seen later on, we also have a large part in the continuation of such a disorder.

    The following other causes contributed to foster the evil and aggravate it; the constantly lessening encouragement that labor has met with in the Philippines. Fearing to have the Filipinos deal frequently with other individuals of their own race, who were free and independent, as the Borneans, the Siamese, the Cambodians, and the Japanese, people who in their customs and feeling differ greatly from the Chinese, the government acted toward these others with great mistrust and great severity, as Morga testifies in the last pages of his work, until they finally ceased to come to the country. In fact, it seems that once an uprising planned by he Borneans was suspected: we say; suspected, for there was not even an attempt, although there were many executions. And as thse nations wee the very ones that consumed Philippine products, when all communication with them had been cut off, consumption of these products also ceased. The only two countries with which the Philippines continued to have relations were China and Mexico, or New Spain, and from this trade only China and a few private individuals in Manila got any benefit. In fact, the Celestial Empire sent her junks laden with merchandise, that merchandise which shut down the factories of Seville and ruined the Spanish industry, and returned laden in exchange with the silver that was every year sent from Mexico. Nothing from the Philippines at that time went to China, not even gold, for in those years the Chinese trades would accept no payment but silver coin. To Mexico went a little more: some cloth and dry goods which the encomenderos took by force or bought from the natives at a paltry; price, wax, amber, gold, civet, etc; but nothing more, and not even in great quantity, as is stated by Admiral Don Jeronimo de Benelos y Carrilo, when he begged the King that "the inhabitants of the Manilas be permitted (1) to load as many ships as they could with native products, such as wax, gold, perfumes, ivory, cotton cloths, which they would have to buy from the natives of the country. . . Thus friendship of these peoples would be gained, they would furnish New Spain with their merchandise and the money that is brought to Manila would not leave this place."

    The coastwise trade, so active in other times, had to die out, thanks to the piratical attacks of the Malays of the south; and trade in the interior of the islands almost entirely disappeared, owing to restrictions, passports and other administrative requirements.

    Of no little importance were the hindrance and obstacles that from the beginning were thrown in the farmer's way by the rules, who were influenced by childish fear and saw everywhere signs of conspiracies and uprisings. The natives were not allowed to go to their labors, that is, their farms, without permission of the governor, or of his agents and officers, and even of the priests as Morga says. Those who know the administrative slackness and confusion in a country where the officials work scarcely two hours a day; those who know the cost of going to and returning form the capital to the little tyrants will well understand how with this crude arrangement it is possible to have the most absurd agriculture. True it is that for sometime this absurdity which would be ludicrous had it not been so serious, had disappeared; but even if the words have gone out of use other facts and other provisions have replaced them. The Moro pirate has disappeared but there remains the outlaw who infests the fields and waylays the farmer to hold him for ransom. Now then, the government, which has a constant fear of the people, denies to the farmers even the use of a shotgun, or if it does allow it does so very grudgingly and withdraws it at pleasure; whence it results with the laborer, who, thanks to his means of defense, plants his crops and invests his meager fortune in the furrows that he has so laboriously opened, that when his crop matures it occurs to the government, which is impotent to suppress brigandage, to deprive him of his weapon; and then, without defense and without security, he is reduced to inaction and abandons his field, his work, and takes to gambling as the best means of securing a livelihood. The green cloth is under the protection of the government, it is safer! A mournful counselor is fear, for it not only causes weakness but also in casting aside the weapons, strengthens the very persecutor!

    The sordid return the native gets from his work has the effect of discouraging him. We know from history that the encomenderos, after reducing many to slavery and forcing them to work for their benefit, made others give up their merchandise for a trife or nothing at all, or cheated them with the measures.

    Speaking of Ipion, in Panay, Padre Gaspar de San Agustin says: "It was in ancient times very rich in gold . . . but provoked by he annoyances they suffered from some governors they have ceased to get it out, preferring to live in poverty than to suffer such hardships." (page 378) Further on, speaking of other towns, he says: "Boaded by ill treatment of the encomenderos who in administering justice have treated the natives as thier slaves and not as their children, and have only looked after their own interests at the expense of the wretched fortunes and lives of their charges. . . (Page 422) Further on, "In Leyte, they tried to kill an encomendero of the town of Dagami on account of the great hardships he made them suffer by exacting tribute of wax from them with a steelyard which he had made twice as long as others. . ."

    This state of affairs lasted a long time and still lasts, in spite of the fact that the breed of encomenderos has become extinct. A term passes away but the evil and the passions engendered do not pass away so long as reforms are devoted solely to changing the names.

    The wars with the Dutch, the inroads and piratical attacks of the people of Sulu land Mindanao disappeared; the people have been transformed; new towns have grown up while others have become impoverished; but the frauds subsisted as much as or worse than they did in those early years. We will not cite our own experiences for aside from the fact that we do not know which to select, critical persons may reproach us with partiality; neither will we cite those of other Filipinos who write in the newspapers, but we shall confine ourselves to translating the words of a modern French traveler who as in the Philippines for a long time.

    "The good curate," he says with reference to the rosy picture a friar had given him of the Philippines, "had not told me about the governor, the foremost official of the district, who was too much taken up with the ideal of getting rich to have time to tyrannize over his docile subjects; the governor, charged with ruling the country and collecting the various taxes in the government's name, devoted himself almost wholly to trade; in his hands the high and noble functions he performs are nothing more than instruments of gain. He monopolizes all the business and instead of developing on his part the love of work, instead of stimulating the too natural indolence of the natives, he with abuse of his powers thinks only of destroying all competition that may trouble him or attempts to participate in his profits. It maters little to him that the country is impoverished, without cultivation, without commerce, without industry, just so the governor is quickly enriched."

    Yet the traveler has been unfair in picking out the governor especially. Why only the governor?

    We do not cite passages from other authors, because we have not their works at hand and do not wish to quote from memory.

    The great difficulty that every enterprise encountered with the administration contributed not a little to kill off all commercial and industrial movement. All the Filipinos, as well as all those who have tried to engage in business in the Philippines, know how many documents, what comings, how many stamped papers, how much patience is needed to secure from the government a permit for an enterprise. One must count upon the good will of this one, on the influence of that one, on a good bribe to another in order that the application be not pigeon-holed, a present to the one further on so that it may pass it on to his chief; one must pray to God to give him good humor and time to see and examine it; to another, talent to recognize its expediency; to one further on sufficient stupidity not to scent behind the enterprise an insurrectionary purpose land that they may not all spend the time taking baths, hunting or playing cards with the reverend friars in their convents or country houses. And above all, great patience, great knowledge of how to get along, plenty of money, a great deal of politics, many salutations, great influence, plenty of presents and complete resignation! How is it strange that the Philippines remain poor in spite of the fertile soil, when history tells us that the countries now the most flourishing date their development from the day of their liberty and civil rights? The most commercial and most industrious countries have been the freest countries. France, England and the United States prove this. Hong Kong, which is not worth the most insignificant of the Philippines, has more commercial movement than all the islands together, because it is free and is well governed.

    The trade with China, which was the whole occupation of the colonizers of the Philippines, was not only prejudicial to Spain but also the life of her colonies; in fact, when the officials and private persons in Manila found an easy method of getting rich they neglected everything. They paid no attention either to cultivating the soil or to fostering industry; and wherefore? China furnished the trade, and they had only to take advantage of it and pick up the gold that dropped out on its way from Mexico toward the interior of China, the gulf whence it never returned. The pernicious example of the dominators in surrounding themselves with servants and despising manual or corporal labor as a thing unbecoming the nobility and chivalrous pride of the heroes of so many centuries; those lordly airs, which the natives have translated into tila ka castila, and the desire of the dominated to be the equal of the dominators, if not essentially, at least in their manners; all this had naturally to produce aversion to activity and fear or hatred of work.

    Moreover, "Why work?" asked the natives. The curate says that the rich man will not go to heaven. The rich man on earth is liable to all kinds of trouble, to be appointed a cabeza de barangay, to be deported if an uprising occurs, to be forced banker of the military chief of the town, who to reward him for favors received seizes his laborers and his stock in order to force him to beg money and thus easily pays up. Why be rich? So that all the officers of justice may have a lynx eye on your actions, so that at the least slip enemies may be raised up against you, you may be indicted, a whole complicated and labyrinthine story may be concocted against you, for which you can only get away, not by the tread of Ariadme but by Dane's shower of gold, and still give thanks that you are not kept in reserve for some needy occasion. The native, whom they pretend to regard as an imbecile, is not so much so that he does not understand that it is ridiculous to work himself to death to become worse off. A proverb of his says the pig is cooked in its own lard, and as among his bad qualities he has the good one of applying to himself all the criticisms and censures he refers to live miserable and indolent rather than play the part of the wretched beast of burden.

    Add to this the introduction of gambling. We do not mean to say that before the coming of the Spaniards the natives did not gamble: the passion for gambling is innate in adventuresome and excitable races, and such is the Malay, Pigafetta tells us of cockfights and of bets in the Island of Paragua. Cock-fighting must also have existed in Luzon and in all the islands, for in the terminology of the game are two Tagalog words: sabong and tari (cockpit and gaff). But there is not the least doubt that the fostering of this game is due to the government, as well as the perfecting of it. Although Pigafetta tells us of it, he mentions it only in Paragua, and ot in Cebu nor in any other island of the south, where he stayed a long time. Morga does not speak of it, in spite of his having spent seven years in Manila, and yet he does describe the kinds of fowl, the jungle hens and cocks. Neither does Morga speak of gambling, when he talks about vices and other defects, more or lest concealed, more or less insignificant. Moreover excepting the two Tagalog words sabong and tari, the others are of Spanish origan as soltada (setting the cocks to fight, then the fight itself), pusta (apusta, bet), logro (winning), pago (payment), etc. We say the same about gamblilng; the word sugal (jugar, to gamble), like kumpistal (confesar, to confess to a priest), indicates that gambling was unknown in the Philippines before the Spaniards. The word laro (Tagalog: to play) is not the equivalent of the word sugal. The word play (baraja, playing card) proves that the introduction of playing cards was not due to the Chinese, who have a kind of playing cards also, because in that case they would have taken the Chinese name. l Is nto this enough? The word taya (tallar, to bet), paris-paris (Spanish, pares, pairs of cards), politana (napolitana a winning sequence of cards), sapote (to stack the cards), kapote (to slam), monte, and so on, all prove the foreign origin of this terrible plant, which only produces vice and which has found in the character of the native a fit soil, cultivated circumstances.

    Along with gambling, which breeds dislike for steady and difficult toil by its promise of sudden wealth and its appeal to the emotions, with the lotteries, with the prodigality and hospitality of the Filipinos, went also, to swell the train of misfortunes, the religious functions, the great number of fiestas, the long masses for the women to spend their mornings and the novenaries to spend their afternoons, and the nights for the processions and rosaries. Remember, that lack of capital and absence of means paralyze all movement, and you will see how the native was perforce to be indolent for if any money might remain to him from the trials, imposts and exactions, he would have to give it to the curate for bulls, scapularies, candles, novenaries, etc. And if this does not suffice to form an indolent character, if the climate and nature are not enough in themselves to daze him and deprive him of all energy, recall then that the doctrine of his religion teach him to irrigate his fields in the dry season, not by means of canals but with amasses and prayers; to preserve his stock during an epidemic with holy water, exorcisms and benedictions that cost five dollars an animal, to drive away the locusts by a procession with the image of St. Augustine, etc. It is well, undoubtedly, to trust greatly in God; but it is better to do what one can not trouble the Creator every moment, even when these appeals redound to the benefit of His ministers. We have noticed that the countries which believe most in miracles are the laziest, just as spoiled children are the most ill-mannered. Whether they believe in miracles to palliate their laziness or they are lazy because they believe in miracles, we cannot say; but he fact is the Filipinos were much less lazy before the word miracle was introduced into their language.

    The facility with which individual liberty is curtailed, that continual alarm of all from the knowledge that they are liable to a secret report, a governmental ukase, and to the accusation of rebel or suspect, an accusation which, to be effective, does not need proof or the production of the accuser. With the lack of confidence in the future, that uncertainty of reaping the reward of labor, as in a city stricken with plague, everybody yields to fate, shuts himself in his house or goes about amusing himself in an attempt to spend the few days that remain to him in the least disagreeable way possible.

    The apathy of the government itself toward everything in commerce and agriculture contributes not a little to foster indolence. Three is no encouragement at all for the manufacturer or for the farmer, the government furnishes no aid either when a poor crop comers, when the locusts sweep over the fields, or when cyclone destroys in its passage the wealth of the soil; nor does it take any trouble to seek a market for the products of its colonies. Why should it do so when these same products are burdened with taxes and imposts and have no free entry into the ports of the mother country, nor is their consumption there encouraged? While we see all the walls of London covered with advertisements of the products of its colonies, while the English make heroic efforts to substitute Ceylon for Chinese tea, beginning with the sacrifice of their taste and their stomach, in Spain, with the exception of tobacco, nothing from the Philippines is known; neither its sugar, coffee, hemp, fine cloths, nor its Ilocano blankets. The name of Manila is known only from those cloths of China or Indo-China which at one time reached Spain by way of Manila, heavy silk shawls, fantastically but coarsely embroidered, which no one has thought of imitating in Manila since they are so easily made; but the government has other cares, and the Filipinos do not know that such objects are more highly esteemed in the Peninsula than their delicate piña embroideries and their vey fine jusi fabrics. Thus disappeared our trade in indigo, thanks to the trickery of the Chinese, which the government could not guard against, occupied as it was with other thoughts; thus die now the other industries, the fine manufacturers of the Visayas are gradually disappearing from trade and even from use; the people, continually getting poorer, cannot afford the costly cloths, and have to be contented with calico or the imitations of the Germans, who produce imitations even of the work of our silversmiths.

    The fact that the best plantations, the best tracts of land in some provinces, those that from their easy access are more profitable than others, are in the hands of the religious corporations, whose desideratum is ignorance and condition of semi-starvation of the native, so that they may, continue to govern him and make themselves necessary to his wretched existence, is one of the reasons why many tows do not progress in spite of the efforts of their inhabitants. We will be met with the objection, as an argument on the other side, that the towns which belong to the friars are comparatively richer than those which do not belong to them. They surely are! just as their brethren in Europe, in founding their convents, knew how to select the best valleys, the best uplands for the cultivation of the vine or the production of beer, so also the Philippine monks have known how to selecte the best towns, the beautiful plains, the well-watered fields, to make of them rich plantations. For some time the friars have deceived many by making them believe that if these plantations were prospering, it was because they were under their care, and the indolence of the natives was thus emphasized; but they forget that in some provinces where they have not been able for some reason to get possession of the best tracts of land, their plantations, like Bauan and Liang, are inferior to Taal, Balayan, and Lipa, regions cultivated entirely by the natives without any monkish interference whatsoever.

    Add to this lack of material inducement the absence of moral stimulus and you will see how he who is not indolent in that country must needs be a madman or at least a fool. What future awaits him who distinguishes himself, him who studies, who rise above the crowd? At the cost of study and sacrifice a young man becomes a great chemist, and after a long course of training, wherein neither the government nor anybody has given him the least help, he concludes his long stay in the University. A competitive examination is held to fill a certain position. The young man wins this through knowledge and perseverance, and after he has won it, it is abolished, because. . . we do not care to give the reason, but when a municipal laboratory is closed in order to abolish the position of director, who got his place by competitive examination, while other officers, such as the press censor, are preserved, it is because the belief exists that the light of progress may injure the people more than all the adulterated foods. In the same way, another young man won a a prize in a literary competition, and as long as his origin was unknown his work was discussed, the newspapers praised it and it was regarded as a masterpiece but the sealed envelopes were opened, the winner proved to be a native, while among the losers there are Peninsulars; then all the newspapers hasten to extol the losers! Not one word from the government, nor from anybody, to encourage the native who with so much affection has cultivated the language and letters of the mother country!

    Finally passing over many other more or less insignificant reasons, the enumeration of which would be interminable, let us close this dreary list with the principal and most terrible of all: the education of the native.

    From his birth until he sinks into his grave, the training of the native is brutalizing, depressive and anti-human (the word "inhuman" is not sufficiently explanatory; whether or not the Academy admits it, let it go). There is no doubt that the government, some priests like the Jesuits and some Dominicans like Padre Benavides, have done a great deal by founding colleges, schools of primary instruction, and the like. But this is not enough; their efforts is neutralized. They amount ot five or ten years (years of a hundred and fifty days at most) during which the youth comes in contact with books selected by those very priests who boldly proclaim that it is evil for the natives to know Castilian, that the native should not be separated from his carabao, that he should not value any further aspirations, and so on; five to ten years during which the majority of the students have grasped nothing more than that no one understands what the books say, nor even the professors themselves perhaps; and these five to ten years have no offset the daily preachment which lowers the dignity of man, which by degrees brutally deprives him of the sentiment of self-esteem, that eternal, stubborn, constant labor to bow the native's neck, to make him accept the yoke, to place him on a level with the beast -- a labor aided by some persons, with or without the ability to write, which if it does not produce in some individuals the desired effect in others it has the opposite effect, like that of breaking of a cord that is stretched too tightly. Thus while they attempt to make of the native a kind of animal, yet in exchange they demand of him divine actions. And we say divine actions, because he must be a god who does not become indolent in that climate, surrounded by the circumstances mentioned. Deprive a man, then, of his dignity, and you not only deprive him of his moral strength but you also make useless for those who wish to make use of him. Every creature has its stimulus, its mainspring; man's is his self-esteem. Take it away from him and he is a corpse, and he who seeks activity in a corpse will encounter only worms.

    Thus is explained how the natives of the present time are no longer the same as those of the time of the discovery, neither morally nor physically.

    The ancient writers, like Chirino, Morga, and Colin, take pleasure in describing them a well-featured, with good aptitudes for any thing they take up, keen and susceptible and of resolute will, very clean and neat in their persons and clothing, and of good mien and bearing (Morga). Others delight in minute accounts of their intelligence and pleasant manners, of their aptitude for music, the drama, dancing and singing, of the faculty with which they learned, not only Spanish but also Latin, which they acquired almost by themselves (Colin); others of their exquisite politeness in their dealings and in their social life, others, like the first Augustinians, whose accounts Gaspar de San Agustin copies, found them more gallant and better mannered than the inhabitants of the Moluccas. "All live off their husbandry," adds Morga, "their farms, fisheries and enterprises, for they travel from island to island by sea and from province to province by land."

    In exchange, the writers of the present time, without being more gallant than Herman Cortez and Salcedo, nor more prudent than Legazpi, nor more manly than Morga, nor more prudent than Colin and Gaspar de San Agustin, our contemporary writers we say find that the native is a creature something more than a monkey but much less than a man, an anthropoid, dull-witted, stupid, timid, dirty, cringing, ill-clothed, indolent, lazy brainless, immoral, etc. etc.

    To what is this retrogression due? Is it the delectable civilization, the religion of salvation of the friars, called of Jesus Christ by euphemism, that has produced this miracle that has atrophied his brain, paralyzed his heart and made of the man this sort of vicious animal that the writers depict?

    Alas! The whole misfortune of the present Filipinos consists in that they have become only half-way brutes. The Filipino is convinced that to get happiness it is necessary for him to lay aside his dignity as a rational creature, to attend mass, to believe what is told him, to pay what is demanded of him, to pay and forever to pay; to work, suffer, and be silent, without aspiring any thing, without aspiring to know or even to understand Spanish, without separating himself from his carabao, as the priests shamelessly say, without protesting against any injustice, against any arbitrary action, against an assault, against an insult; that is, not to have heart, brain, or spirit; a creature with arms and a purse of gold. . . there's the ideal native! unfortunately, or because of the brutalization is not yet complete and because the nature of man is inherent in his being in spite of his condition, the native protests; he still has aspirations, he thinks and strives to rise, and there's the trouble!

    PART FIVE: In the preceding chapter we set forth the causes that proceed from the government in fostering and maintaining the evil we are discussing. Now it falls to us to analyze those that emanate from the people. Peoples and governments are correlated and complementary: a stupid government would be an anomaly among righteous people, just as a corrupt people cannot exist under just rulers and wise laws. Like people, like government, we will say in paraphrase of a popular adage.

    We can reduce all these causes to two classes: to defects of training and lack of national sentiment.

    Of the influence of climate we spoke at the beginning, so we will now treat of the effects arising from it.

    The very limited training in the home, the tyrannical and sterile education of the rare centers of learning that blind subordination of the youth to one of greater age, influence the mind so that a man may not aspire to excel those who preceded him but must merely be content to go along with a march behind them. Stagnation forcibly results from this, and as he who devotes himself merely to copying divests himself of other qualities suited to his own nature, he naturally becomes sterile; hence decadence. Indolence is a corollary derived from the lack of stimulus and of vitality.

    That modesty infused into the convictions of everyone, or, to speak more clearly, that insinuated inferiority, a sort of daily and constant depreciation of the mind so that it may not be raised to the regions of life, deadens the energies, paralyzes all tendencies toward advancement, and of the least struggle a man gives up without fighting. If by one of those rare incidents, some wild spirit, that is some active one, excels, instead of his example stimulating, it only causes others to persist in their inaction. "There's one who will work for us; let's sleep on!" say his relatives and friends. True it is that the spirit of rivalry is sometimes awakened, only that then it awakens with bad humor in the guise of envy, and instead of being a lever for helping, it is an obstacle that produces discouragement.

    Nurtured by the example of anchorites of a contemplative and lazy life, the natives spend theirs in giving their gold to the Church in the hope of miracles and other wonderful things. Their will is hypnotized: from childhood they learned to act mechanically, without knowledge of the object, thanks to the exercise imposed upon them from the most tender years of praying for whole hours in an unknown tongue, of venerating things that they do not understand, of accepting beliefs that are not explained to them, to having absurdities imposed upon them, while the protests of reason are repressed. Is it any wonder that with this vicious dressage of intelligence and will the native, of old logical and consistent -- as the analysis of his past and of his language demonstrates -- should now be a mass of dismal contradictions? That continual struggle between reason and duty, between his organism and his new ideals, that civil war which disturbs the peace of his conscience
              The Philippines a Century Hence   
    (by José Rizal Translated by Charles E. Derbyshire)

    NOTE: This famous essay of Rizal entitled "Filipinas de cien años" was first published in La Solidaridad, Madrid, between September 30, 1889, and February 1, 1890

    PART ONE: Following our usual custom of facing squarely the most difficult and delicate questions related to the Philippines, without weighing the consequences that our frankness may bring upon us, we shall in the present article treat of their future.

    In order to read the destiny of a people, it is necessary to open the book of its past, and this, for the Philippines may be reduced in general terms to what follows.

    Scarcely had they been attached to the Spanish crown than they had sustained with their blood and the efforts of their sons the wars and ambitions, and conquest of the Spanish people, and in these struggles, in that terrible crisis when a people changes its form of government, its laws, usages, customs, religion and beliefs; the Philippines was depopulated, impoverished and retarded -- caught in their metamorphosis without confidence in their past, without faith in their present and with no fond home of the years to come. The former rulers who had merely endeavored to secure the fear and submission of their subjects, habituated by them to servitude, fell like leaves from a dead tree, and the people, who had no love for them nor knew what liberty was, easily changed masters, perhaps hoping to gain something by the innovation.

    Then began a new era for the Filipinos. They gradually lost their ancient traditions, their recollections, -- they forgot their writings, their songs, their poetry, their laws in order to learn by heart other doctrines, which they did not understand, other ethics, other tastes, different from those inspired in their race by their climate and their way of thinking. Then there was a falling-off, they were lowered in their own eyes, they became ashamed of what was distinctively their own, in order to admire and praise that was foreign and incomprehensible; their spirit was broken and they acquiesced.

    Thus years and centuries rolled on. Religious shows, rites that caught the eye, songs, lights, images arrayed with gold, worship in a strange language, legends, miracles and sermons, hypnotized the already naturally superstitious spirits of the country but did not succeed in destroying it altogether, in spite of the whole system afterwards developed and operated with unyielding tenacity.

    When the ethical abasement of the inhabitants had reached this stage, when they had become disheartened and disgusted with themselves, an effort was made to add the final stroke for reducing so many dormant wills and intellects to nothingness, in order to make of the individual a sort of toiler, a brute, a beast of burden and to develop a race without mind or heart. “Then the end sought was revealed, it was taken for granted, and the race was insulted, an effort was made to deny it every virtue, every human characteristic, and there were even writers and priests who pushed the movement still further by trying to deny to the natives of the country not only capacity for virtue but also even the tendency to vice.

    Then this which they had thought would be death was sure salvation. Some dying persons are restored to health by a heroic remedy.

    So great endurance reached its climax with the insults, and the lethargic spirit woke up to life. His sensitiveness, the chief trait of the native, was touched, and while he had the forbearance to suffer and die under a foreign flag, he had it not when they whom he served repaid his sacrifices with insults and jests. Then he began to study himself and to realize his misfortune. Those who had not expected this result, like all despotic masters, regarded as a wrong every complaint, every protest, and punished it with death, endeavoring thus to stifle every cry of sorrow with blood, and they made mistake after mistake.

    The spirit of the people was not thereby cowed, and even though it had been awakened in only a few hearts, its flame nevertheless was surely and consumingly propagated, thanks to abuses and the stupid endeavors of certain classes to stifle noble and generous sentiments. Thus when a flame catches a garment, fear and confusion propagate it more and more, and each shake, each blow, is a blast from the bellows to fan it into life.

    Undoubtedly during all this time there were not lacking generous and noble spirits among the dominant race that tired to struggle for the rights of humanity and justice, or sordid and cowardly ones among the dominated that aided the debasement of their own country. But both were exceptions and we are speaking in general terms.

    Such is an outline of their past. We know their present. Now what will their future be?

    Will the Philippine Islands continue to be a Spanish colony, and if so, what kind of colony? Will they become a province of Spain, with or without autonomy? And to reach this stage, what kind of sacrifices will have to be made?

    Will they be separated from the mother country to live independently, to fall into the hands of other nations, or to ally themselves with neighboring powers?

    It is impossible to reply to these questions, for to all of them both yes and now may be answered, according to the time desired to be covered. When there is in nature no fixed condition, how much less must there be in the life of a people, being endowed with mobility and movement! So, it is that in order to deal with those questions, it is necessary to presume an unlimited period of time, and in accordance therewith try to forecast future events.

    PART TWO: What will become of the Philippines within a century? Will they continue to be a Spanish colony?

    Had this question been asked three centuries ago, when at Legazpi’s death the Malayan Filipinos began to be gradually undeceived and, finding the yoke heavy, tried in vain to shake it off without any doubt whatsoever the reply would have been easy. To a spirit enthusiastic over the liberty of the country, to those unconquerable Kagayanes who nourished within themselves the spirit of Mgalats, to the descendants of the heroic Gat Pulintang and Gat Salakab of the Province of Batangas, independence was assured, it was merely a question of getting together and making a determination. But for him who, disillusioned by sad experience, saw everywhere discord and disorder, apathy and brutalization in the lower classes, discouragement and disunion in the upper, only one answer presented itself, and it was: extend his hands to the chains, bow his neck beneath the yoke and accept the future with the resignation of an invalid who watches the leaves fall and foresees a long winter amid whose snows he discerns the outlines of his grave. At the time discord justified pessimism -- but three centuries passed, the meek had become accustomed to the yoke, and each new generation, begotten in chains, was constantly better adapted to the new order of things.

    Now then, are the Philippines in the same condition they were three centuries ago?

    For the liberal Spaniards the ethical condition of the people remains the same, that is, the native Filipinos have not advanced; for the friars and their followers the people have been redeemed from savagery, that is, they have progressed; for many Filipinos ethics, spirit and customs have decayed, as decay all the good qualities of a people that falls into slavery that is, they have retrograded.

    Laying aside these considerations, so as not to get away from our subject let us draw the brief parallel between the political situation then and the situation at present, in order to see if what was not possible at that time can be so now, or vice versa.

    Let us pass over the loyalty the Filipinos may feel for Spain; let us suppose for a moment, along with Spanish writers, that there exist only motives for hatred and jealousy between the two races; let us admit the assertions flaunted by many that three centuries of domination have not awakened in the sensitive heart of the native a single spark of affection or gratitude; and we may see whether or not the Spanish cause has gained ground in the Islands.

    Formerly the Spanish authority was upheld among the natives by a handful of soldiers, three to five hundred at most, many of whom were engaged in trade and were scattered about not only in the Islands but also among the neighboring nations, occupied in long wars against the Mohammedans in the south, against the British and Dutch, and ceaselessly harassed by Japanese, Chinese, or some tribes in the interior. Then communication with Mexico and Spain was slow, rare and difficult; frequent and violent the disturbances among the ruling powers in the Islands, the treasury nearly always empty, and the life of the colonists dependent upon one frail ship that handled the Chinese trade. Then the seas in those regions were infested with pirates, all enemies of the Spanish name, which was defended by an impoverished fleet, generally manned by rude adventurers, when not by foreigners and enemies, which was checked and an expedition of Gomez Perez Dasmariñas, which was checked and frustrated by the mutiny of the Chinese rowers, who killed him and thwarted all his plans and schemes. Yet in spite of so many adverse circumstances the Spanish authority had been upheld for more than three centuries and, though it has been curtailed, still continues to rule the destinies of the Philippine group.

    On the other hand, the present situation seems to be gilded and rosy -- as we might say, a beautiful morning compared to the vexed and stormy night of the past. The material forces at the disposal of the Spanish sovereign have now been trebled; the fleet relatively improved: there is more organization in both civil and military affairs; communication with the sovereign country is swifter and surer; she has no enemies abroad; her possession is assured and the country dominated seems to have less spirit, less aspiration for independence, a world that is to it almost incomprehensible. Everything then at first glance presages another three centuries, at least, of peaceful domination and tranquil suzerainty.

    But above the material considerations are arising others, invisible, of an ethical nature, far more powerful and transcendental.

    Orientals and the Malays, in particular, are a sensitive people: delicacy of sentiment is predominant with them. Even now, in spite of contact with the Occidental nations, who have ideas different from his, we see the Malayan Filipino sacrifice everything -- liberty, ease, welfare, name for the sake of an aspiration or a conceit sometimes scientific, or of some other nature but at the least word which wounds his self-love he forgets all his sacrifices, the labor expended, to treasure in his memory and never forget the slight he thinks he has received.

    So the Philippine peoples have remained faithful during three centuries, giving up their liberty and their independence, sometimes dazzled by the hope of the Paradise promised, sometimes cajoled by the friendship offered them by a noble and generous people like the Spanish, sometimes also compelled by superiority of arms of which they were ignorant and which timid spirits invested with a mysterious character, or sometimes because the invading foreigner took advantage of internecine feuds to step in as the peacemaker in discord and thus after to dominate both parties and subject them to his authority.

    Spanish domination once established, was firmly maintained, thanks to the attachment of the people, to their mutual dissensions, and to the fact that the sensitive self-love of the native had not yet been wounded. Then the people saw their own countrymen in the higher ranks of the army, their general officers fighting beside the heroes of Spain and sharing their laurels, begrudged neither character, reputation nor consideration; then fidelity and attachment to Spain, love for the fatherland, made of the native encomendero and even general, as during the English invasion; then there had not yet been invented the insulting and ridiculous epithets with which recently the most laborious and painful achievements of the native leaders have been stigmatized; not then had it become the fashion to insult and slander in stereotyped phrase, in newspapers and books published with governmental and superior ecclesiastical approval, the people that paid, fought and poured out its blood for the Spanish name, nor was it considered either noble or witty to offend a whole race, which was forbidden to reply or defend itself, and if there were religious hypochondriacs who in the leisure of their cloisters dared to write against it, as did the Augustinian Gaspar de San Agustin and the Jesuit Velarde, their loathsome abortions never saw the light, and still less were they themselves rewarded with miters and raised to high offices. True it is that neither were the natives of that time such as we are now: three centuries of brutalization and obscurantism have necessarily had some influence upon us, the most beautiful work of divinity in the hands of certain artisans may finally be converted into a caricature.

    The priests of that epoch, wishing to establish their domination over the people, got in touch with it and made common cause with it against the oppressive encomenderos. Naturally, the people saw in them learning and some prestige and placed its confidence in them, followed their advice, and listened to them in the darkest hours. If they wrote, they did so in defense of the rights of the native and made his cry reach even to the distant steps of the Throne. And not a few priests, both secular and regular, undertook dangerous journeys, as representatives of the country, and this, along with the strict and public residencia then required of the governing powers, from the captain-general to the most insignificant official, rather consoled and pacified the wounded spirits, satisfying, even though it were only in form, all the malcontents.

    All this has passed away. The derisive laughter penetrates like mortal poison into the heart of the native who pays and suffers and it becomes more offensive the more immunity it enjoys. A common sore the general affront offered to a whole race, has wiped away the old feuds among different provinces. The people no longer have confidence in its former protectors, now its exploiters and executioners. The masks have fallen. It has been that the love and piety of the past have come to resemble the devotion of a nurse, who, unable to live elsewhere, desires the eternal infancy, eternal weakness, for the child in order to go on drawing her wages and existing at its expense, it has seen not only that she does not nourish it to make it grow but that she poisons it to stunt its growth and at the slightest protest she flies into a rage! The ancient show of justice, the holy residencia has disappeared; confusion of ideas begins to prevail; the regard shown for a governor-general, lie La Torre, becomes a crime in the government of his successor, sufficient to cause the citizen to lose his liberty and his home; if he obeys the order of one official, as in the recent matter of admitting corpses into the church, it is enough to have the obedient subjects later harassed and persecuted in every possible way; obligations and taxes increase without thereby increasing rights, privileges and liberties or assuring the few in existence; a regime of continual terror and uncertainty disturbs the minds, a regime worse than a period of disorder for the fears that the imagination conjures up are generally greater than the reality; the country is poor; the financial crisis through which it is passing is acute, and every one points out with the finger the persons who are causing the trouble, yet no one dares lay hands upon them!

    True it is that the Penal Code has come like a drop of balm to such bitterness. But of what use are all the codes in the world, if by means of confidential reports, if for trifling reasons, if through anonymous traitors any honest citizen may be exiled or banished without a hearing, without a trial? Of what use is that Penal Code, of what use is life, if there is no security in the home, no faith in justice and confidence in tranquility of conscience? Of what use is all that array of terms, all that collection of articles, when the cowardly accusation of a traitor has more influence in the timorous ears of the supreme autocrat than all the cries for justice?

    If this state of affairs should continue, what will be come of the Philippines within a century?

    The batteries are gradually becoming charged and if the prudence of the government does not provide an outlet for the currents that are accumulating, some day the spark will be generated. This is not the place to speak of what outcome such a deplorable conflict might have, for it depends upon chance, upon the weapons and upon a thousand circumstances which man cannot foresee. But even though all the advantages should be on the government’s side and therefore the probability of success, it would be a Pyrrhic victory, and not government ought to desire such.

    If those who guide the destinies of the Philippines remain obstinate, and instead of introducing reforms try to make the condition of the country retrograde; to push their severity and repression to extremes against the classes that suffer and think they are going to force the latter to venture and put into play the wretchedness of an unquiet life, filled with privation and bitterness, against the hope of securing something indefinite. What would be lost in the struggle? Almost nothing: the life of the numerous discontented classes has no such great attraction that it should be preferred to a glorious death. It may indeed be a suicidal attempt -- but then, what? Would not a bloody chasm yawn between victors and vanquished and might not the latter with time and experience become equal in strength, since they are superior in numbers to their dominators? Who disputes this? All the petty instructions that have occurred in the Philippines were the work of a few fanatics or discontented soldiers, who had to deceive and humbug the people or avail themselves of their powers over their subordinates to gain their ends. So they all failed. No insurrection had a popular character or was based on a need of the whole race or fought for human rights or justice, so it left no ineffaceable impressions, but rather when they saw that they had been duped the people bound up their wounds and applauded the overthrow of the disturbers of their peace! But what if the movement springs from the people themselves and based its causes upon their woes?

    So then, if the prudence and wise reforms of our ministers do not find capable and determined interpreters among the colonial governors and faithful perpetrators among those whom the frequent perpetrators among those whom the frequent political changes send to fill such a delicate post; if met with the eternal it is out of order, preferred by the elements who see their livelihood in the backwardness of their subjects, it just claims are to go unheeded, as being of a subversive tendency; if the country is denied representation in the Cortes and an authorized voice to cry out against all kinds of abuses, which escape through the complexity of the laws; if in short, the system, prolific in results of alienating the goodwill of the natives, is to continue, pricking his apathetic mind with insults and charges of ingratitude, we can assert that in a few yeas the present state of affairs will have been modified completely -- and inevitably. There now exists a factor which was formerly lacking -- the spirit of the nation has been aroused and a common misfortune, a common debasement has united all the inhabitants of the Islands. A numerous enlightened class now exists within and without the Islands, a class created and continually augmented by the stupidity of certain governing powers, which forces the inhabitants to leave the country, to secure education abroad, and it is maintained thanks to the provocation and the system of espionage in vogue. This class, whose number is cumulatively increasing, is in constant communication with the rest of the Islands, and if today it constitutes only the brain of the country in a few years it will form the whole nervous system and manifest its existence in all its acts.

    Now, statecraft has various means at its disposal for checking a people on the road to progress; the brutalization of the masses through a caste addicted to the government, aristocratic, as in the Dutch colonies, or theocratic as in the Philippines; the impoverishment of the country; the gradual extermination of the inhabitants; and fostering of feuds among the races.

    Brutalization of the Malayan Filipinos has been demonstrated to be impossible. In spite of the dark horde of friars in whose hands rests the instruction of youth, which miserably wastes years and years in the colleges, issuing therefrom tired, weary and disgusted with books: in spite of the censorship which tries to close every avenue to progress; in spite of all the pupils, confessionals, books, and missals that inculcate hatred toward not only all scientific knowledge but even toward the Spanish language itself; in spite of this whole elaborate system perfected and tenaciously operated by those who wish to keep the Islands in holy ignorance; there exist writers, freethinkers, historians, philosophers, chemists, physicians, artists, and jurists. Enlightenment is spreading and the persecution it suffers quickens it. No, the divine flame of thought is inextinguishable in the Filipino people and somehow or other it will shine forth and compel recognition. It is impossible to brutalize the inhabitants of the Philippines!

    May poverty arrest their development? Perhaps, but it is a very dangerous means. Experience has everywhere shown us and especially in the Philippines, that the classes which are better off have always been addicted to peace and order, because they live comparatively better and may be the losers in civil disturbances. Wealth brings with it refinement, the spirit of conservation, while poverty inspires adventurous ideas, the desire to change things and has little care for life. Machiavelli himself held this means of subjecting of a people to be perilous, observing that loss of welfare stirs up more obdurate enemies than loss of life. Moreover, when there are wealth and abundance, there is less discontent, less compliant and the government, itself wealthier, has more means for sustaining itself. On the other hand, there occurs in a poor country what becomes in a house where bread is wanting? And further, of what use to the mother country would a poor and lean colony be?

    Neither is possible gradually to exterminate the inhabitants. The Philippine races, like all the Malays, do not succumb before the foreigner, like the Australians, the Polynesians and the Indians of the New World. In spite of the numerous wars the Filipinos have had to carry on, in spite of the epidemics that have periodically visited them, their number has trebled, as has that of the Malays of Java and the Moluccas. The Filipino embraces civilization and lives and thrives in every clime, in contact with every people. Rum, that poison which exterminated the natives of the Pacific islands, has no power in the Philippines, but rather, comparison of their present condition with that described by the earlier historians, makes it appear that the Filipinos have grown soberer. The petty wars with the inhabitants of the south consume only the soldiers, people who by their fidelity to the Spanish flag, far from being a menace, are surely one of its solidest supports.

    Three remains the fostering of internecine feuds among the provinces.

    This was formerly possible, when communication from one island to another was rare and difficult, when there were not steamers or telegraph lines, when the regiments were formed according to the various provinces, when some provinces were cajoled by awards of privileges and honor and other were protected from the strongest. But now that the privileges have disappeared, that through a spirit of distrust the regiments have been reorganized, that the inhabitants move from one island to another, communication and exchange of impressions naturally increase, and as all see themselves threatened by the same peril and wounded in the same feelings, they clasp hands and make common cause. It is true that the union is not yet wholly perfected, but to this end the measures of good government, the vexations to which the townspeople are subjected, the frequent changes of officials, the scarcity of centers of learning, forces of the youth of all the islands to come together and begin to get acquainted. The journeys to Europe contribute not a little to tighten the bonds, for abroad the inhabitants of most widely separated provinces are impressed by their patriotic feelings, from sailors even to the wealthiest merchants, and at the sight of modern liberty and the memory of the misfortunes of their country, they embrace and call one another brothers.

    In short, then, the advancement and ethical progress of the Philippines are inevitable, are decreed by fate.

    The Islands cannot remain in the condition they are without requiring from the sovereign country more liberty. Mutatis mutandis. For new men, a new social order.

    To wish that the alleged child remain in its swaddling clothes is to risk that it may turn against the nurse and flee, tearing away the old rags that bind it.

    The Philippines, then, will remain under Spanish domination, but with more law and greater liberty, or they will declare themselves independent after steeping themselves and the mother country in blood.

    As no one should desire or hope for such an unfortunate rupture, which would be an evil for all and only the final argument in the most desperate predicament, let us see by what forms of peaceful evolution the Islands may remain subjected to the Spanish authority, with the very least detriment to the rights, interests and dignity of both parties.

    PART THREE: If the Philippines must remain under the control of Spain, they will necessarily have to be transformed in a political sense, for the course of their history and the needs of their inhabitants so required. This we demonstrated in the preceding article.

    We also said that this transformation will be violent and fatal if it proceeds from the ranks of the people, but peaceful and fruitful if it emanates from the upper classes.

    Some governors have realized this truth, and impelled by their patriotism, have been trying to introduce needed reforms in order to forestall events. But notwithstanding all that have been ordered up to the present time, they have produced scanty results, for the government as well as for the country. Even those that promised only a happy issue have at times caused injury, for the simple reason that they have been based upon unstable grounds.

    We said and once more we repeat, and all will ever assert, that reforms, which have a palliative character, are not only ineffectual but even prejudicial when the government is confronted with evils that must be cured radically. And were we not convinced of the honesty and rectitude of some governors, we would be tempted to say that all the partial reforms are only plasters and salves of a physician, who, not knowing how to cure the cancer, and not daring to root it out, tries in this way to alleviate the patient’s sufferings or to temporize with the cowardice of the timid and ignorant.

    All the reforms of our liberal ministers were, have been, are, and will be good -- when carried out.

    When we think of them, we are reminded of the dieting of Sancho Panza in this Barataria Island. He took his seat at a sumptuous and well-appointed table “covered with fruit and many varieties of food differently prepared,” but between the wretch’s mouth and each dish the physician Pedro Rezio interposed his wand, saying, “Take it away!” The dish removed, Sancho was as hungry as ever. Truth is that the despotic Pedro Rezio gave reasons, which seem to have been written by Cervantes especially for the colonial administrations. “You must not eat, Mr. Governor, except according to the usage and custom of other islands, where there are governors.” Something was found to be wrong with each dish: one was too hot, another too moist, and so on, just like our Pedro Rezio on both sides of the sea. Great good did his cook’s skill do Sancho!

    In the case of our country, the reforms take the place of the dishes, the Philippines are Sancho, while the part of the quack physician is played by many persons interested in not having the dishes touched, perhaps that they may themselves get the benefit of them.

    The result is that the long suffering Sancho, or the Philippines, misses his liberty, rejects all government and ends up by rebelling against his quack physician.

    In this manner, so long as the Philippines have no liberty of the press, have no voice in the Cortes to make known to the government and to the nation whether or not their decrees have been duly obeyed, whether or not these benefit the country, all the able efforts of the colonial ministers will meet the fate of the dishes in Barataria Island.

    The minister, then, who wants his reforms to be reforms, must begin by declaring the press in the Philippines free and by instituting Filipino delegates.

    The free press in the Philippines, because their complaints rarely ever reach the Peninsula, very rarely, and if they do they are so secret, so mysterious that no newspaper dares to publish them, or if it does reproduce them, it does so tardily and badly.

    A government that rules a country from a great distance is the one that has the most need for a free press more so even than the government of the home country, if it wishes to rule rightly and fitly. The government that governs in a country may even dispense with the press (if it can), because it is on the ground, because it has eyes and ears, and because it directly observes what it rules and administers. But the government that governs from afar absolutely requires that the truth and the facts reach its knowledge by every possible channel so that it may weigh and estimate them better, and this need increases when a country like the Philippines is concerned, where the inhabitants speak and complain in a language unknown to the authorities. To govern in any other way may also be called governing, but it is to govern badly. It amounts to pronouncing judgment after hearing only one of the parties; it is steering a ship without reckoning its conditions, the state of the sea, the reefs and shoals, the direction of the winds and currents. It is managing a house by endeavoring merely to give it polish and a fine appearance without watching the money chest, without looking after the servants and the members of the family.

    But routine is a declivity down which many governments slide, and routine says that freedom of the press is dangerous. Let us see what History says: uprisings and revolutions have always occurred in countries tyrannized over, in countries where human thought and the human heart have been forced to remain silent.

    If the great Napoleon had not tyrannized over the press, perhaps it would have warned him of the peril into which he was hurled and have made him understand that the people were weary and the earth wanted peace. Perhaps his genius, instead of being dissipated in foreign aggrandizement would have become intensive in laboring to strengthen his position and thus have assured it. Spain herself records in her history more revolutions when the press was gagged. What colonies have become independent while they had a free press and enjoyed liberty? Is it preferable to govern blindly or to govern with ample knowledge?

    Someone will answer that in colonies with a free press, the prestige of the rulers, that prop of false governments, will be greatly imperiled. We answer that the prestige of the nation is not by abetting and concealing abuses, but by rebuking and punishing them. Moreover, to this prestige is applicable what Napoleon said about great men and their valets. Who endure and know all the false pretensions and petty persecutions of those sham gods, do not need a free press in order to recognize them; they have long ago lost their prestige. The free press is needed by the government, the government which still dreams of the prestige which it builds upon mined ground.

    We say the same about the Filipino representatives.

    What risks does the government see in them? One of three things, either that they will prove unruly, become political trimmers, or act properly.

    Supposing that we should yield to the most absurd pessimism and admit the insult, great for the Philippines but still greater for Spain, that all the representatives would be separatists and that in all their contentions they would advocate separatist ideas; does not a patriotic Spanish majority exist there, is there not present there the vigilance of the governing powers to combat and oppose such intentions? And would not this be better than the discontent that ferments and expands in the secrecy of the home, in the huts and in the field? Certainly the Spanish people does not spare its blood where patriotism is concerned but would not a struggle of principles in parliament be preferable to the exchange of shot in swampy lands, three thousand leagues from home in impenetrable forests, under a burning sun or amid torrential rains? These pacific struggles of ideas, besides being a thermometer for the government, have the advantage of being cheap and glorious, because the Spanish parliament especially abounds in oratorical paladins invincible in debate. Moreover, it is said that the Filipinos are indolent and peaceful -- then what need for government fear? Hasn’t it any influence in the elections? Frankly speaking, it is a great compliment to the separatists to fear them in the midst of the Cortes of the nation.

    Now then, if the real objection to the Filipino delegates, is that they smell like Igorots, which so disturbed in open Senate the doughty General Salamanca, then Don Sinibaldo de Mas, who saw the Igorots in person and wanted to live with them, can affirm that they will smell at worst like powder, and Señor Salamanca undoubtedly has no fear of that odor. And if this were all, the Filipinos, who there in their own country are accustomed to bathe every day, when they become representatives may give up such a dirty custom, at least during the legislative session so as not to offend the delicate nostrils of Salamanca with the odor of the bath.

    It is useless to answer certain objections of some fine writers regarding the rather brown skins and faces with somewhat wide nostrils. Questions of taste are peculiar to each race. China, for example, which has four hundred million inhabitants and a very ancient civilization, considers all Europeans ugly and calls them “fankwai”, or red devils. Its taste has a hundred million more adherents than the Europeans. Moreover, if this is the question, we would have to admit the inferiority of the Latins, especially the Spaniards, to the Saxons, who are much whiter.

    And so long as it is not asserted that the Spanish parliament is an assemblage of Adonises, Antoniuses, pretty boys and other like paragons, so long as the purpose of resorting thither is to legislate and not to philosophize or wonder through imaginary spheres, we maintain that the government ought not to pause at these obligations. Law has no skin nor reason nostrils.

    So we see no serious reason why the Philippines may not have representatives. By their institution many malcontents would be silenced, and instead of blaming its troubles upon the government, as now happens, the country would bear them better, for it could at least complain and with its sons among its legislators, would in a way become responsible for their actions.

    We are not sure that we serve the true interests of our country by asking for representatives. We know that the lack of enlightenment, the indolence, the egotism, of our fellow countrymen, and the boldness, the cunning and the powerful methods of those who wish their obscurantism, may convert reform into a harmful instrument. But we wish to be loyal to the government and we are pointing out to it the road that appears best to us so that its effort may not come to grief, so that discontent may disappear. If after so just, as well as necessary, a measure has been introduced, the Filipino people are so stupid and weak that they are treacherous to their own interests, then let the responsibility fall upon them, let them suffer all consequences. Every country gets the fate it deserves and the government can say that it has done its duty.

    These are the two fundamental reforms, which properly interpreted and applied, will dissipate all clouds, assure affection toward Spain, and make all succeeding reforms fruitful. These are the reforms sine quibus non.

    It is puerile to fear that independence may come thorough them. The free press will keep the government in touch with public opinion, and the representatives, if they are, as they ought to be, the best from among the sons of the Philippines, will be their hostages. With no cause for discontent, how then attempt to stir up the masses of the people?

    Likewise inadmissible is the obligation offered by some regarding the imperfect culture of the majority of the inhabitants. Aside from the fact that it is not so imperfect as is averred, there is no plausible reason why the ignorant and the defective (whether through their own or another’s fault) should be denied representation to look after them and see that they are not abused. They are the very ones who most need it. No one ceases to be a man, no one forfeits his rights to civilization merely by being more or less uncultured, and since the Filipino is regarded as a fit citizen when he is asked to pay taxes or shed his blood to defend the fatherland why must this fitness be denied him when the question arises of granting him some right? Moreover, how is he to be held responsible for his ignorance, when it is acknowledged by all, friends and enemies that his zeal for learning is so great that even before the coming of the Spaniards every one could read and write, and that we now see the humblest families make enormous sacrifices to the extent of working as servants in order to learn Spanish? How can the country be expected to become enlightened under present conditions when we see all the decrees issued by the government in favor of education meet with Pedro Rezios who prevent execution whereof because they have in their hands what they call education? If the Filipino, then, is sufficiently intelligent to pay taxes, he must also be able to choose and retain the one who looks after him and his interests, with the product whereof he serves the government of his nation. To reason otherwise is to reason stupidly.

    When the laws and the acts of officials are kept under surveillance, the word justice may cease to be a colonial jest. The thing that makes the English most respected in their possessions is their strict and speedy justice so that the inhabitants repose entire confidence in the judges. Justice is the foremost virtue of the civilized races. It subdues the barbarous nations, while injustice arouses the weakest.

    Offices and trusts should be awarded by competition, publishing the work and the judgment thereon, so that there may be stimulus and that discontent may not be bred. Then, if the native does not shake off his indolence he can not complain when he sees all the offices filled by Castilas.

    We presume that it will not be the Spaniard who fears to enter in this contest, for thus will he be able to prove his superiority by the superiority of intelligence. Although this is not the custom in the sovereign country, it should be practiced in the colonies, for the reason that genuine prestige should be sought by means of moral qualities, because the colonizers ought to be, or at least to seem, upright, honest and intelligent, just as a man stimulates virtues when he deals with a stranger. The offices and trusts so earned will do away with arbitrary dismissal and develop employees and officials capable and cognizant of their duties. The offices held by natives, instead of endangering the Spanish domination, will merely serve to assure it, for what interest would they have in converting the sure and stable into the uncertain and problematical? The native is, moreover, very fond of peace and prefers a humble present to a brilliant future. Let the various Filipinos still holding office speak in this matter, they are the most unshaken conservatives.

    We could add other minor reforms touching commerce, agriculture, security of the individual and of property, education, and so on, but these are points with which we shall deal in other articles. For the present we are satisfied with the outlines and no one can say that we ask too much.

    There will be lacking critics to accuse us of Utopianism: but what is Utopia? Utopia was a country imagined by Thomas Moore, wherein existed universal suffrage, religious toleration, almost complete abolition of the death penalty and so on. When the book was published these things were looked upon as dreams, impossibilities, that is Utopianism. Yet civilization has left the country of Utopia far behind, the human will and conscience have worked greater miracles, have abolished slavery and the death penalty for adultery -- things impossible for even Utopia itself!

    The French colonies have their representatives. The question has also been raised in the English parliament of giving representation to the Crown colonies, for the others already enjoy some autonomy. The press there is also free. Only Spain, which in the sixteenth century was the model nation in civilization, lags far behind. Cuba and Puerto Rico, whose inhabitants do not number a third of those of the Philippines, and who have not made such sacrifices for Spain, have numerous representatives. The Philippines in the early days had theirs, who conferred with the King and Pope on the needs of the country. They had them in Spain’s critical moments, when she groaned under the Napoleonic yoke, and they did not take advantage of the sovereign country’s misfortunes like other colonies but tightened more firmly the bonds that united them to be the nation, giving proofs of their loyalty and they continued until many years later. What crime have the Islands committed that they are deprived of their rights?

    To recapitulate: the Philippines will remain Spanish if they enter upon the life of law and civilization, if the rights of their inhabitants are respected, if the other rights due them are granted, if the liberal policy of the government is carried out without trickery or meanness, without subterfuges or false interpretations.

    Otherwise, if an attempt is made to see in the Islands a lode to be exploited, a resource to satisfy ambitions, thus to relieve the sovereign country of taxes, killing the goose that lays the golden eggs, and shutting its ears to all cries of reasons the, however, great may be the loyalty of the Filipinos, it will be impossible to hinder the operations of the inexorable laws of history. Colonies established to subserve the policy and the commerce of the sovereign country, all eventually become independent said Bachelet, and before Bachelet, all the Phoenician, Carthaginian, Greek, Roman, English, Portuguese, and Spanish colonies have said it.

    Close indeed are the bonds that unite us to Spain. Two peoples do not live for three centuries in continual contact, sharing the same lot, shedding their blood on the same fields, holding the same beliefs, worshipping the same God, interchanging the same ideas, but that ties are formed between them stronger than those engendered by affection. Machiavelli, the great reader of the human heart said: la natura degli huomini, e cosi obligarsi pe li beneficii che essi fanno come per quelli che essi ricevono (it is human nature to be bound as much by benefits conferred as by those received). All this, and more, is true but it is pure sentimentality, and in the arena of politics stern necessity and interests prevail. Howsoever much the Filipinos owe Spain, they can not be required to forego their redemption, to have their liberal and enlightened sons wander about in exile from their native land, the rudest aspirations stifled in its atmosphere, the peaceful inhabitants living in constant alarm, with the fortune of the two peoples dependent upon the whim of one man. Spain can not claim, nor even in the name of God himself, that six millions of people should be brutalized, exploited and oppressed, denied light and the rights inherent to a human being and then heap upon them slights and insults. There is no claim of gratitude that can excuse, there is not enough power in the world to justify the offenses against the liberty of the individual, against the sanctity of the home, against the laws, against peace and honor, offenses that are committed three daily. There is no divinity that can proclaim the sacrifice of our dearest affections, the sacrifice of the family, the sacrileges and wrongs that are committed by persons who have the name of God on their lips. No one can require an impossibility of the Filipino people. The noble Spanish people, so jealous of its rights and liberties, cannot bid the Filipinos to renounce theirs. A people that prides itself on the glories of the past cannot ask another, trained by it, to accept abjection and dishonor its own name!

    We, who today are struggling by the legal and peaceful means of debate so understand it, and with our gaze fixed upon our ideals, shall not cease to plead our cause, withou t going beyond the pale of the law, but if violence first silences us or we have the misfortune to fall (which is possible for we are mortal) then we do not know what course will be taken by the numerous tendencies that will rush in to occupy the places that we leave vacant.

    If what we desire is not realized. . .

    In contemplating such an unfortunate eventuality, we must not turn away in horror, and so instead of closing our eyes we will face what the future may bring. For this purpose, after throwing the handful of dust due to Cerberus, let us frankly descend into the abyss and sound its terrible mysteries.

    PART FOUR: History does not record in its annals any lasting domination exercised by one people over another, of different races, of diverse usages and customs, of opposite and divergent ideals.

    One of the two had to yield and succumb. Either the foreigner was driven out, as happened in the case of Carthaginians, the Moors and the French in Spain, or else these autochthons had to give way and perish, as was the case with the inhabitants of the New World.

    One of the longest dominations was that of the Moors in Spain, which lasted seven centuries. But, even though the conquerors lived in the country conquered, even though the Peninsula was broken up into small states, which gradually emerged like little islands in the midst of the great Saracen inundation and in spite of the chivalrous spirit, the gallantry and the religious toleration of the caliphs, they were finally driven out after bloody and stubborn conflicts, which formed the Spanish nation and created the Spain of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

    The existence of a foreign body within another endowed with strength and activity is contrary to all natural and ethical laws. Science teaches us that it is either assimilated, destroys the organism, is eliminated or becomes encysted.

    Encystment of a conquering people is possible, for it signifies complete isolation, absolute inertia, and debility in the conquering element. Encystment thus means the tomb of the foreign invader.

    Now applying these considerations to the Philippines, we must conclude, as a deduction from all we have said, that if their population be not assimilated to the Spanish nation, if the dominators do not enter into the spirit of their inhabitants, if equitable laws and free and liberal reforms do not make each forget that they belong to different races, or if both peoples be not amalgamated to constitute one mass, socially and politically, homogeneous, that is, not harassed by opposing tendencies and antagonistic ideas and interests some day the Philippines will fatally and infallibly declare themselves independent. To this law of destiny can be opposed neither Spanish patriotism, nor the love of all Filipinos for Spain, not the doubtful future of dismemberment and intestine strife in the Islands themselves. Necessity is the most powerful divinity the world knows, and necessity is the resultant of physical forces set in operation by ethical forces.

    We have said and statistics prove that it is impossible to exterminate the Filipino people. And even were it possible what interest would Spain have in the destruction of the inhabitants of a country she can not populate or cultivate, whose climate is to a certain extent disastrous to her? What good would the Philippines be without the Filipinos? Quite otherwise, under her colonial system and the transitory character of the Spanish who go to the colonies, a colony is so much the more useful and productive to her as it possesses inhabitants and wealth. Moreover, in order to destroy the six million Malays, even supposing them to be in their infancy and that they have never learned to fight and defend themselves, Spain would have to sacrifice at least a fourth of her population. This we commend to the notice of the partisans of colonial exploitation.

    But nothing of this kind can happen. The menace is that when the education and liberty necessary to human existence are denied by Spain to the Filipinos, then they will seek enlightenment abroad, behind the mother country’s back or they will secure by hook or by crook some advantages in their country with the result that the opposition of purblind and paretic politicians will not only be futile but even prejudicial because it will convert motives for love and gratitude into resentment and hatred.

    Hatred and resentment on one side, mistrust and anger on the other, will finally result in a violent terrible collision, especially when there exist elements interested in having disturbances, so that they may get something in the excitement, demonstrates their mighty power, foster lamentations and recriminations, or employ violent measures. It is to be expected that the government will triumph and be generally (as is the custom) severe in punishment, either to teach a stern lesson in order to vaunt its strength or even to revenge upon the vanquished the spells of excitement and terror that the danger caused it. An unavoidable concomitant of those catastrophes is the accumulation of acts of injustice committed against the innocent and peaceful inhabitants. Private reprisals, denunciation, despicable accusations, resentments, covetousness, the opportune moment for calumny, the haste and hurried procedure of the court martials, the pretext of the integrity of the fatherland and the safety of the state, which cloaks and justifies everything, even for scrupulous minds, which unfortunately are still rare and above all the panic-stricken timidity, the cowardice that battens upon the conquered -- all these things augment the severe measures and the number of the victims. The result is that a chasm of blood is then opened between the two peoples that the wounded and the afflicted, instead of becoming fewer, are increased, for to the families and friends of the guilty, who always think the punishment excessive and the judge unjust, must be added the families and friends of the innocent, who see no advantage in living and working submissively and peacefully. Note, too, that if severe measures are dangerous in a nation made up of homogeneous population, the peril is increased a hundred-fold when the government is formed a race different from the governed. In the former an injustice may still be ascribed to one man alone, to a governor actuated by personal malice, and with the death of the tyrant the victim is reconciled to the government of his nation. But in a county dominated by a foreign race, even the most just act of severity is construed as injustice and oppression, because it is ordered by a foreigner, who is unsympathetic or is an enemy of the country, and the offense hurts not only the victim but his entire race, because it is not usually regarded as personal and so the resentment naturally spreads to the whole governing race and does not die out with the offender.

    Hence the great prudence and fine tact that should be exercised by colonizing countries, and the fact that government regards the colonies in general and our colonial office in particular, as training schools, contributes notably to the fulfillment of the great law that the colonies sooner or later declare themselves independent.

    Such is the descent down which the peoples are precipitated. In proportion as they are bathed in blood and drenched in tears and gall, the colony, if it has any vitality, learns how to struggle and perfect itself in fighting while the mother country whose colonial life depends upon peace and the submission of the subjects, is constantly weakened and even though she makes heroic efforts, as her number is less and she has only a fictitious existence, she finally perishes. She is like the rich voluptuary accustomed to be waited upon by a crowd of servants toiling and planting for him and who on the day his slaves refuse him obedience, as he does not live by his own efforts, must die.

    Reprisals, wrongs and suspicions on one part and on the other the sentiment of patriotism and liberty, which is aroused in these incessant conflicts, insurrections and uprisings, operate to generalize the movement and one of the two peoples must succumb. The struggle will be brief, for it will amount to a slavery much more cruel than death for the people and to a dishonorable loss of prestige for the dominator. One of the peoples must succumb.

    Spain, from the number of her inhabitants, from the condition of her army and navy, from the distance she is situated from the Islands, from her scanty knowledge of them, and from struggling against a people whose love and goodwill she has alienated, will necessarily have to give way, if she does not wish to risk not only her other possessions and her future in Africa, but also her very independence in Europe. All this is at the cost of bloodshed, and crime, after mortal conflicts, murders, conflagrations, military executions, famine and misery.

    The Spaniard is gallant and patriotic, and sacrifices everything in favorable moments, for his country’s good. He has the intrepidity of his bull. The Filipino loves his country no less and although he is quieter, more peaceful and with difficulty stirred up, when he is once aroused he does not hesitate and for him the struggle means death to one or the other combatant. He has all the meekness and all the tenacity and ferocity of his carabao. Climate affects bipeds in the same way that it does quadrupeds.

    The terrible lessons and the hard teachings that these conflicts will have afforded the Filipinos will operate to improve and strengthen their ethical nature. The Spain of the fifteenth century was not the Spain of the eighth. With their bitter experience, instead of intestine conflicts of some islands against others, as is generally feared, they will extend mutual support, like shipwrecked persons when they reach an island after a fearful night of storm. Nor may it be said that we shall partake of the fate of the small American republics. They achieved their independence easily and their inhabitants are animated by a different spirit from what the Filipinos are. Besides the danger of falling again into other hands, English or German, for example, will force the Filipinos to be sensible and prudent. Absence of any great preponderance of one race over the others will free their imagination from all mad ambitions of domination, and as they tendency of countries that have been tyrannized over, when they once shake off the yoke, is to adopt the freest government, like a boy leaving school, like the beat of the pendulum or by a law of reaction, the Islands will probably declare themselves a federal republic.

    If the Philippines secure their independence after heroic and stubborn conflicts, they can rest assured that neither England or Germany, nor France, and still less Holland will dare to take up what Spain has been unable to hold. Within a few years Africa will completely absorb the attention of the Europeans, and there is no sensible nation which, in order to secure a group of poor and hostile islands, will neglect the immense territory offered by the Dark Continent, untouched, undeveloped and almost undefended. England has enough colonies in the Orient and is not going to sacrifice her Indian Empire for the poor Philippine Islands -- if she had entertained such an intention she would not have restored Manila in 1763, but would have kept some point in the Philippines whence she might gradually expand. Moreover, what need has John Bull the trader to exhaust himself over the Philippines, when he is already lord of the Orient, when he has Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai? It is probable the England will look favorably upon the independence of the Philippines, for it will open their ports to her and afford greater freedom to her commerce. Furthermore, there exist in the United Kingdom tendencies and opinions to the effect that she already has too many colonies, that they are harmful, that they greatly weaken the sovereign country.

    For the same reasons Germany will not care to run any risk, and because a scattering of her forces and a war in distant countries will endanger her existence on the continent. Thus we see her attitude, as much in the Pacific as in Africa, is confined to conquering easy territory that belongs to nobody. Germany avoids any foreign complications.

    France has enough to do and see more of a future in Tongking and China, besides the fact that the French spirit does not shine in zeal for colonization. France loves glory, but the glory and laurels that grow on the battlefields of Europe. The echo from battlefields in the Fear East hardly satisfies her craving for renown, for it reaches her quite faintly. She has also other obligations, both internally and on the continent.

    Holland is sensible and will be content to keep the Moluccas and Java. Sumatra offers her a greater future than the Philippines whose seas and coasts have a sinister omen for Dutch expeditions. Holland proceeds with great caution in Sumatra and Borneo, from fear of losing everything.

    China will consider herself fortunate if she succeeds in keeping herself intact and is not dismembered or partitioned among the European powers that they are colonizing the continent of Asia.

    The same is true with Japan. On the north side she has Russia, who envies and watches her, on the south England, with whom she is in accord even to her official language. She is, moreover, under such diplomatic pressure from Europe that she can not think of outside affairs until she is freed from it, which will not be an easy matter. True it is that she has an excess of population, but Korea attracts her more than the Philippines and is also easier to seize.

    Perhaps the great American Republic, whose interests lie in the Pacific and who has no hand in the spoliation of Africa, may dream some day of foreign possession. This is not impossible, for the example is contagious, covetousness and ambition are among the strongest vices, and Harrison manifested something of this sort in the Samoan question. But the Panama Canal is not opened nor the territory of the States congested with inhabitants, and in case she should openly attempt it the European powers would not allow her to proceed, for they know very well that the appetite is sharpened by the first bites. North America would be quite a troublesome rival, if she should once get into the business. Furthermore, this is contrary to her traditions.

    Very likely the Philippines will defend with inexpressible valor the liberty secured at the price of so much blood and sacrifice. With the new men that will spring from their soil and with the recollection of their past, they will perhaps strife to enter freely upon the wide road of progress, and all will labor together to strengthen their fatherland, both internally and externally, with the same enthusiasm, with which a youth falls again to tilling the land of his ancestors who long wasted and abandoned through the neglect of those who have withheld it from him. Then the mines will be made to give up their gold for relieving distress, iron for weapons, copper, lead, and coal. Perhaps the country will revive the maritime and mercantile life for which the islanders are fitted by their nature, ability and instincts, and once more free, like the bird that leaves its cage, like the flower that unfolds to the air, will recover the pristine virtues that are gradually dying out and will again become addicted to peace -- cheerful, happy, joyous, hospitable and daring.

    These and many other things may come to pass within something like a hundred years, but the most logical prognostication, the prophecy based on the best probabilities, may err through remote and insignificant causes: An octopus that seized Mark Anthony’s ship altered the face of the world; a cross on Calvary and a just man nailed thereon changed the ethics of half the human race, and yet before Christ, how many just men wrongly perished and how many crosses were raised on that hill! The death of the just sanctified his work and made his teaching unanswerable. A sunken road at the battle of Waterloo buried all the glories of two brilliant decades, the whole napoleonic world, and freed Europe. Upon what chance accidents will the destiny of the Philippines depend?

    Nevertheless, it is not well to trust to accident, for there is sometimes an imperceptible and incomprehensible logic in the workings of history. Fortunately, peoples as well as governments are subjects to it.

    Therefore, we repeat and we will ever repeat, while there is time, and that is better to keep pace with the desire of a people than to give way before them; the former begets sympathy and love, the latter contempt and anger. Since it is necessary to grant six million Filipinos their rights, so that they may be in fact Spaniards, let the government grant these rights freely and spontaneously, without damaging reservations, without irritating mistrust. We shall never tire of repeating this while a ray of hope is left us, for we prefer this unpleasant task to the need of some day saying to the mother country: “Spain, we have sent our youth in serving thy interests in the interests of our country; we have looked to thee, we have expended the whole light of our intellects, all the fervor and enthusiasm of our hearts in working for the good of what was tine, to draw from them a glance of love, a liberal policy and that would assure us the peace of our native land and thy sway over loyal but unfortunate islands! Spain, thou hast remained deaf, and wrapped up in thy pride, hast pursued thy fatal course and accused us of being traitors, merely because we love our country because we tell thee the truth and hate all kinds of injustice. What dost thou wish us to tell our wretched country when it asks about the result of our efforts? Must we say to it that, since for it we have lost everything -- yo
              Sa mga kababaihang taga Malolos   
    Rizal wrote this famous letter in Tagalog, while he was residing in London, upon the request of M. H. del Pilar. The story behind this letter is this: On December 12, 1888, a group of twenty young women of Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Fr. Felipe Garcia, the Spanish parish priest, objected to the proposal. Therefore the governor-general turned down the petition. However, the young women, in defiance of the friar’s wrath, bravely continued their agitation for the school – a thing unheard of in the Philippines in those times. They finally succeeded in obtaining government approval to their project on the condition that Señora Guadalupe Reyes should be their teacher. The incident caused a great stir in the Philippines and in far-away Spain. Del Pilar, writing in Barcelona on February 17, 1889, requested Rizalto send a letter in Tagalog to the brave women of Malolos. Accordingly, Rizal, although busy in London annotating Morga’s book penned this famous letter and sent it to Del Pilar on February 22, 1889 for transmittal penned this famous letter and sent it to Del Pilar on February 22, 1889 for transmittal to Malolos. For full text of this letter in the original Tagalog and in English and Spanish translations see A Letter to the Young Women of Malolos by José Rizal, edited by Teodoro M. Kalaw and published by the National Library, Manila. 1932. NOTE: This document was taken from José Rizal: Life, Works and Writings of a Genius, Writer, Scientist and Naional Hero by Gregorio F. Zaide and Sonia M. Zaide (Manila: National Book Store).

    When I wrote Noli Me Tangere, I asked myself whether bravery was a common thing in the young women of our people. I brought back to my recollection and reviewed those I had known since my infancy, but there were only few who seem to come up to my ideal. There was, it is true, an abundance of girls with agreeable manners, beautiful ways, and modest demeanor, but there was in all an admixture of servitude an deference to the words or whims of their so-called "spiritual fathers" (as if the spirit or soul had any their other than God), due to excessive kindness, modesty, or perhaps ignorance. They seemed faced plants sown and reared in darkness, having flowers without perfume and fruits without sap.

    However, when the news of what happened at Malolos reached us, I saw my error, and great was my rejoicing. After all, who is to blame me? I did not know Malolos nor its young women, except one called Emila [Emilia Tiongson, whom Rizal met in 1887], and her I knew by name only.

    Now that you have responded to our first appeal in the interest of the welfare of the people; now that you have set an example to those who, like you, long to have their eyes opened and be delivered from servitude, new hopes are awakened in us and we now even dare to face adversity, because we have you for our allies and are confident of victory. No longer does the Filipina stand with her head bowed nor does she spend her time on her knees, because she is quickened by hope in the future; no longer will the mother contribute to keeping her daughter in darkness and bring her up in contempt and moral annihilation. And no longer will the science of all sciences consist in blind submission to any unjust order, or in extreme complacency, nor will a courteous smile be deemed the only weapon against insult or humble tears the ineffable panacea for all tribulations. You know that the will of God is different from that of the priest; that religiousness does not consist of long periods spent on your knees, nor in endless prayers, big rosarios, and grimy scapularies [religious garment showing devotion], but in a spotless conduct, firm intention and upright judgment. You also know that prudence does not consist in blindly obeying any whim of the little tin god, but in obeying only that which is reasonable and just, because blind obedience is itself the cause and origin of those whims, and those guilty of it are really to be blamed. The official or friar can no longer assert that they alone are responsible for their unjust orders, because God gave each individual reason and a will of his or her own to distinguish the just from the unjust; all were born without shackles and free, and nobody has a right to subjugate the will and the spirit of another your thoughts, seeing that thought is noble and free?

    It is cowardice and erroneous to believe that saintliness consists in blind obedience and that prudence and the habit of thinking are presumptuous. Ignorance has ever been ignorance, and never prudence and honor God, the primal source of all wisdom, does not demand that man, created in his image and likeness, allow himself to be deceived and hoodwinked, but wants us to use and let shine the light of reason with which He has so mercifully endowed us. He may be compared to the father who gave each of his sons a torch to light their way in the darkness bidding them keep its light bright and take care of it, and not put it out and trust to the light of the others, but to help and advise each other to fiind the right path. They would be madman were they to follow the light of another, only to come to a fall, and the father could unbraid them and say to them: "Did I not give each of you his own torch," but he cold not say so if the fall were due to the light of the torch of him who fell, as the light might have been dim and the road very bad.

    The deceiver is fond of using the saying that "It is presumptuous to rely on one's own judgment," but, in my opinion, it is more presumptuous for a person to put his judgment above that of the others and try to make it prevail over theirs. It is more presumptuous for a man to constitute himself into an idol and pretend to be in communication of thought with God; and it is more than presumptuous and even blasphemous for a person to attribute every movement of his lips to God, to represent every whim of his as the will of God, and to brand his own enemy as an enemy of God. Of course, we should not consult our own judgment alone, but hear the opinion of other doing what may seem most reasonable to us. The wild man from the hills, if clad in a priest's robe, remains a hillman and can only deceive the weak and ignorant. And, to make my argument more conclusive, just buy a priest's robe as the Franciscans wear it and put it on a carabao [domestic water buffalo], and you will be lucky if the carabao does not become lazy on account of the robe. But I will leave this subject to speak of something else.

    Youth is a flower-bed that is to bear rich fruit and must accumulate wealth for its descendants. What offspring will be that of a woman whose kindness of character is expressed by mumbled prayers; who knows nothing by heart but awits [hymns], novenas, and the alleged miracles; whose amusement consists in playing panguingue [a card game] or in the frequent confession of the same sins? What sons will she have but acolytes, priest's servants, or cockfighters? It is the mothers who are responsible for the present servitude of our compatriots, owing to the unlimited trustfulness of their loving hearts, to their ardent desire to elevate their sons Maturity is the fruit of infancy and the infant is formed on the lap of its mother. The mother who can only teach her child how to kneel and kiss hands must not expect sons with blood other than that of vile slaves. A tree that grows in the mud is unsubstantial and good only for firewood. If her son should have a bold mind, his boldness will be deceitful and will be like the bat that cannot show itself until the ringing of vespers. They say that prudence is sanctity. But, what sanctity have they shown us? To pray and kneel a lot, kiss the hand of the priests, throw money away on churches, and believe all the friar sees fit to tell us; gossip, callous rubbing of noses. . . .

    As to the mites and gifts of God, is there anything in the world that does not belong to God? What would you say of a servant making his master a present of a cloth borrowed from that very master? Who is so vain, so insane that he will give alms to God and believe that the miserable thing he has given will serve to clothe the Creator of all things? Blessed be they who succor their fellow men, aid the poor and feed the hungry; but cursed be they who turn a dead ear to supplications of the poor, who only give to him who has plenty and spend their money lavishly on silver altar hangings for the thanksgiving, or in serenades and fireworks. The money ground out of the poor is bequeathed to the master so that he can provide for chains to subjugate, and hire thugs and executioners. Oh, what blindness, what lack of understanding.

    Saintliness consists in the first place in obeying the dictates of reason, happen what may. "It is acts and not words that I want of you," said Christ. "Not everyone that sayeth unto me, Lord, Lord shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in Heaven." Saintliness does not consist in abjectness, nor is the successor of Christ to be recognized by the fact that he gives his hand to be kissed. Christ did not give the kiss of peace to the Pharisees and never gave his hand to be kissed. He did not cater to the rich and vain; He did not mention scapularies, nor did He make rosaries, or solicit offerings for the sacrifice of the Mass or exact payments for His prayers. Saint John did not demand a fee on the River Jordan, nor did Christ teach for gain. Why, then, do the friars now refuse to stir a foot unless paid in advance? And, as if they were starving, they sell scapularies, rosaries, bits, and other things which are nothing but schemes for making money and a detriment to the soul; because even if all the rags on earth were converted into scapularies and all the trees in the forest into rosaries, and if the skins of all the beasts were made into belts, and if all the priests of the earth mumbled prayers over all this and sprinkled oceans of holy water over it, this would not purify a rogue or condone sin where there is no repentance. Thus, also, through cupidity and love of money, they will, for a price, revoke the numerous prohibitions such as those against eating meat, marrying close relatives, etc. You can do almost anything if you but grease their palms. Why that? Can God be bribed and bought off, and blinded by money, nothing more nor less than a friar? The brigand who has obtained a bull of compromise can live calmly on the proceeds of his robbery, because he will be forgiven. God, then, will sit at a table where theft provides the viands? Has the Omnipotent become a pauper that He must assume the role of the excise man or gendarme? If that is the God whom the friar adores, then I turn my back upon that God.

    Le us be reasonable and open our eyes, especially you women, because you are the first to influence the consciousness of man. Remember that a good mother does not resemble the mother that the friar has created; she must bring up her child to be the image of the true God, not of a blackmailing, a grasping God, but of a God who is the father of us all, who is just; who does not suck the life-blood of the poor like a vampire, nor scoffs at the agony of the sorely beset, nor makes a crooked path of the path of justice. Awaken and prepare the will of our children towards all that is honorable, judged by proper standards, to all that is sincere and firm of purpose, clear judgment, clear procedure, honesty in act and deed, love for the fellowman and respect for God; this is what you must teach your children. And, seeing that life is full of thorns and thistles, you must fortify their minds against any stroke of adversity and accustom them to danger. The people can not expect honor nor prosperity so long as they will educate their children in a wrong way, so long as the woman who guides the child in his steps is slavish and ignorant. No good water comes from a turbid, bitter spring; no savory fruit comes from acrid seed.

    The duties that woman has to perform in order to deliver the people from suffering are of no little importance, but be they as they may, they will not be beyond the strength and stamina of the Filipino people. The power and good judgment of the women of the Philippines are well known, and it is because of this that she has been hoodwinked, and tied, and rendered pusillanimous, and now her enslavers rest at ease, because so long as they can keep the Filipina mother a slave, so long will they be able to make slaves of her children. The cause of the backwardness of Asia lies in the fact that there the women are ignorant, are slaves; while Europe and America are powerful because there the women are free and well-educated and endowed with lucid intellect and a strong will.

    We know that you lack instructive books; we know that nothing is added to your intellect, day by day, save that which is intended to dim its natural brightness; all this we know, hence our desire to bring you the light that illuminates your equals here in Europe. If that which I tell you does not provoke your anger, and if you will pay a little attention to it then, however dense the mist may be that befogs our people, I will make the utmost efforts to have it dissipated by the bright rays of the sun, which will give light, thought they be dimmed. We shall not feel any fatigue if you help us: God, too, will help to scatter the mist, because He is the God of truth: He will restore to its pristine condition the fame of the Filipina in whom we now miss only a criterion of her own, because good qualities she has enough and to spare. This is our dream; this is the desire we cherish in our hearts; to restore the honor of woman, who is half of our heart, our companion in the joys and tribulations of life. If she is a maiden, the young man should love her not only because of her beauty and her amiable character, but also on account of her fortitude of mind and loftiness of purpose, which quicken and elevate the feeble and timid and ward off all vain thoughts. Let the maiden be the pride of her country and command respect, because it is a common practice on the part of Spaniards and friars here who have returned from the Islands to speak of the Filipina as complaisant and ignorant, as if all should be thrown into the same class because of the missteps of a few, and as if women of weak character did not exist in other lands. As to purity what could the Filipina not hold up to others!

    Nevertheless, the returning Spaniards and friars, talkative and fond of gossip, can hardly find time enough to brag and bawl, amidst guffaws and insulting remarks, that a certain woman was thus; that she behaved thus at the convent and conducted herself thus with the Spaniards who on the occasion was her guest, and other things that set your teeth on edge when you think of them which, in the majority of cases, were faults due to candor, excessive kindness, meekness, or perhaps ignorance and were all the work of the defamer himself. There is a Spaniard now in high office, who has set at our table and enjoyed our hospitality in his wanderings through the Philippines and who, upon his return to Spain, rushed forthwith into print and related that on one occasion in Pampanga he demanded hospitality and ate, and slept at a house and the lady of the house conducted herself in such and such a manner with him; this is how he repaid the lady for her supreme hospitality! Similar insinuations are made by the friars to the chance visitor from Spain concerning their very obedient confesandas, hand-kissers, etc., accompanied by smiles and very significant winkings of the eye. In a book published by D. Sinibaldo de Mas and in other friar sketches sins are related of which women accused themselves in the confessional and of which the friars made no secret in talking to their Spanish visitors seasoning them, at the best, with idiotic and shameless tales not worthy of credence. I cannot repeat here the shameless stories that a friar told Mas and to which Mas attributed no value whatever. Every time we hear or read anything of this kind, we ask each other: Are the Spanish women all cut after the pattern of the Holy Virgin Mary and the Filipinas all reprobates? I believe that if we are to balance accounts in this delicate question, perhaps, . . . But I must drop the subject because I am neither a confessor nor a Spanish traveler and have no business to take away anybody's good name. I shall let this go and speak of the duties of women instead.

    A people that respect women, like the Filipino people, must know the truth of the situation in order to be able to do what is expected of it. It seems an established fact that when a young student falls in love, he throws everything to the dogs -- knowledge, honor, and money, as if a girl could not do anything but sow misfortune. The bravest youth becomes a coward when he married, and the born coward becomes shameless, as if he had been waiting to get married in order to show his cowardice. The son, in order to hide his pusillanimity, remembers his mother, swallows his wrath, suffers his ears to be boxed, obeys the most foolish order, and and becomes an accomplice to his own dishonor. It should be remembered that where nobody flees there is no pursuer; when there is no little fish, there can not be a big one. Why does the girl not require of her lover a novle and honored name, a manly heart offering protection to her weakness, and a high spirit incapable of being satisfied with engendering slaves? Let her discard all fear, let her behave nobly and not deliver her youth to the weak and faint-hearted. When she is married, she must aid her husband, inspire him with courage, share his perils, refrain from causing him worry and sweeten his moments of affection, always remembering that there is no grief that a brave heart can not bear and there is no bitterer inheritance than that of infamy and slavery. Open your children's eyes so that they may jealously guard their honor, love their fellowmen and their native land, and do their duty. Always impress upon them they must prefer dying with honor to living in dishonor. The women of Sparta should serve you as an example should serve you as an example in this; I shall give some of their characteristics.

    When a mother handed the shield to her son as he was marching to battle, she said nothing to him but this: "Return with it, or on it," which mean, come back victorious or dead, because it was customary with the routed warrior to throw away his shield, while the dead warrior was carried home on his shield. A mother received word that her son had been killed in battle and the army routed. She did not say a word, but expressed her thankfulness that her son had been saved from disgrace. However, when her son returned alive, the mother put on mourning. One of the mothers who went out to meet the warriors returning from battle was told by one that her three sons had fallen. I do not ask you that, said the mother, but whether we have been victorious or not. We have been victorious -- answered the warrior. If that is so, then let us thank God, and she went to the temple.

    Once upon a time a king of theirs, who had been defeated, hid in the temple, because he feared their popular wrath. The Spartans resolved to shut him up there and starve him to death. When they were blocking the door, the mother was the first to bring stones. These things were in accordance with the custom there, and all Greece admired the Spartan woman. Of all women -- a woman said jestingly -- only your Spartans have power over the men. Quite natural -- they replied -- of all women only we give birth to men. Man, the Spartan women said, was not born to life for himself alone but for his native land. So long as this way of thinking prevailed and they had that kind of women in Sparta, no enemy was able to put his foot upon her soil, nor was there a woman in Sparta who ever saw a hostile army.

    I do not expect to be believed simply because it is I who am saying this; there are many people who do not listen to reason, but will listen only to those who wear the cassock or have gray hair or no teeth; but while it is true that the aged should be venerated, because of their travails and experience, yet the life I have lived, consecrated to the happiness of the people, adds some years, though not many of my age. I do not pretend to be looked upon as an idol or fetish and to be believed and listened to with the eyes closed, the head bowed, and the arms crossed over the breast; what I ask of all is to reflect on what I tell him, think it over and shift it carefully through the sieve of reasons.

    First of all. That the tyranny of some is possible only through cowardice and negligence on the part of others.

    Second. What makes one contemptible is lack of dignity and abject fear of him who holds one in contempt.

    Third. Ignorance is servitude, because as a man thinks, so he is; a man who does not think for himself and allowed himself to be guided by the thought of another is like the beast led by a halter.

    Fourth. He who loves his independence must first aid his fellowman, because he who refuses protection to others will find himself without it; the isolated rib in the buri is easily broken, but not so the broom made of the ribs of the palm bound together.

    Fifth. If the Filipina will not change her mode of being, let her rear no more children, let her merely give birth to them. She must cease to be the mistress of the home, otherwise she will unconsciously betray husband, child, native land, and all.

    Sixth. All men are born equal, naked, without bonds. God did not create man to be a slave; nor did he endow him with intelligence to have him hoodwinked, or adorn him with reason to have him deceived by others. It is not fatuous to refuse to worship one's equal, to cultivate one's intellect, and to make use of reason in all things. Fatuous is he who makes a god of him, who makes brutes of others, and who strives to submit to his whims all that is reasonable and just.

    Seventh. Consider well what kind of religion they are teaching you. See whether it is the will of God or according to the teachings of Christ that the poor be succored and those who suffer alleviated. Consider what they preaching to you, the object of the sermon, what is behind the masses, novenas, rosaries, scapularies, images, miracles, candles, belts, etc. etc; which they daily keep before your minds; ears and eyes; jostling, shouting, and coaxing; investigate whence they came and whiter they go and then compare that religion with the pure religion of Christ and see whether the pretended observance of the life of Christ does not remind you of the fat milch cow or the fattened pig, which is encouraged to grow fat nor through love of the animal, but for grossly mercenary motives.

    Let us, therefore, reflect; let us consider our situation and see how we stand. May these poorly written lines aid you in your good purpose and help you to pursue the plan you have initiated. "May your profit be greater than the capital invested;" and I shall gladly accept the usual reward of all who dare tell your people the truth. May your desire to educate yourself be crowned with success; may you in the garden of learning gather not bitter, but choice fruit, looking well before you eat because on the surface of the globe all is deceit, and the enemy sows weeds in your seedling plot.

    All this is the ardent desire of your compatriot. –Jose Rizal
              F1 Weekend, Ferrari Land Theme Park in Spain   

    F1 Weekend, Ferrari Land Theme Park in Spain $RACE This is the 1st Ferrari theme park and resort in Europe and the 2nd in the world after Ferrari World Abu Dhabi and this weekend is celebrating it 1st Grand Prix weekend. Spain’s Ferrari Land is just 1 hour outside of Barcelona, covering about 20 acres, […]

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              Puglia's Rosé Conundrum - Through a Glass Darker   
    How is it a trait that a place is known for, even famous, shuns the quality in favor of fashion? It happens all the time - take a walk through Times Square and feast your eyes upon all that which is desirable. In the case of Puglia, today, the place has an identity crisis. And it centers around the color of their rosé wines.

    Rosé wine is all the fashion today. And this is cause for celebration from those of us who never thought we’d see this day. From every nook and cranny of the wine producing universe, someone is bringing out another rosé. Germany, Spain, California, France, Texas, Argentina, Australia, Lebanon, yes Lebanon! Rosé wine is no longer this impossible dream of wine lovers, that someday we might find ourselves in a world where the pale red isn’t shunned.

    I couldn’t be happier. But I also am concerned. I like deeply colored rosé wines and some of my favorite wines are starting to look pale and anemic.

    “You are trying to be Brigitte Bardot when you are Claudia Cardinale!”

    That is the mid-century mantra that roils my reverie. Negroamaro, Primitivo, Aglianico, Nero di Troia and Susumaniello, among others in Puglia, are deep red wines. This isn’t Sangiovese or Nebbiolo we’re dealing with. “the strong sunshine, in addition to, in some parts, the heavy soil, produces strong, coarse wines,” so waxed Cyril Ray more than 50 years ago in his then groundbreaking tome, The Wines of Italy. Puglia winemaking has come a long way from that time when Ray indicted them as “course wines, the reds used for blending and the whites as a base for vermouth.” Indeed, this could be a whole book, breaking things down to reds, whites, sparkling dessert and rosé wines.

    When rosé wine first began to be exported from Puglia to the rest of the world (or at least, America) in the 1950’s, the producer Leone de Castris blazed that trail. A deep rosé at the time, called Five Roses, it carved out a niche in the American market in southern Italian eateries in New York, Chicago, Boston and San Francisco. But even now the wine has lightened up, as Ian D’Agata noted recently in Vinous, “Bright pink; this is much lighter in color than previous vintages. Cedar graphite and fresh apple on the nose, then more complex on the palate with similar flavors to the aromas, but also hints of pear and blood orange. Very fresh and long on the finish.”

    During the week I was in Puglia this month for Radici2017, we tasted through many rosé wines, and I noticed the trend towards lightening. How funny, the Italians pride themselves on getting out to the beach (or the pool) to bronze their bodies, but their wines they lighten up, as if a darker color is an embarrassment of sorts. I just don’t get it.

    Actually I do. It’s the Provence envy thing. People see how Provence rosé sales are exploding and they want a piece of the pie. But there are rosé drinkers and there are rosé lovers. I’ll explain.

    For the most part, there are folks who would just as soon drink a glass of Pinot Grigio or Chardonnay (or Moscato or White Zinfandel) than rosé. But these pale, onion skin rosés (ala Brigitte Bardot) are trending and fashionable. So they go with that. And producers ramp up production in order to catch that wave. But those of us who have been in this game for more than eight innings know those people follow the styles. Today it’s Provence rosé, yesterday it was Chardonnay. Tomorrow, who knows?

    But there are those wine (and rosé) lovers for whom a delicate yet richly colored rosé wine is part of the flavor palette of those who value any number of wines – from Bordeaux to Barolo to Verdicchio to Aligoté. And for that reason, some of us still long for a Negroamaro rosato that has a good summer tan (ala Claudia Cardinale). And that goes for Primitivo, Aglianico, Nero di Troia, Susumaniello along with most Italian rosatos (sans Bardolino Chiaretto). Why? Because that is part of their nature – and aren’t we all a little in love with the natural these days? Or at the very least, that which is authentic?

    In that way, when I see a bleached out (in color but also smelling a little of it as well) rosé from Aglianico, I’m disappointed. Just as I was when I sipped on a lighter-than-it-should’ve-been Cerasuolo of Montepulciano recently in the wine bar at Roma Termini.

    Perfect example: I’m in an Adriatic seaside town, ordering lunch with a friend. They bring Orecchiette all'Arrabbiata. It’s 35°C outside in the noonday sun, and we’re seated inside, in a bright room, which although somewhat cool, is slightly balmy. A red wine won’t do; a white wine would if it was the only option. But a chilled bottle of deeply colored (and flavored) rosato is (and was) the perfect companion. You need the body and the color backs up that proposition that the wine have some “stuff” to it – not just filler for a trend-deprived diner looking to be seen as cool.

    No, it’s more than “being seen” as cool. In the Mediterranean, one actually needs a vehicle to cool the body down, but again, not as a pale rider. Some of us like the heft, the power and the punch that a darker rosé conveys.

    So please, dear producers in Puglia ( and Basilicata, Sicily, Calabria, Campania, Sardegna, Abruzzo and so on..), please get over your Provence envy in regard to the color of your rosé and keep making what it is you became famous for. Follow not the trends. Never,ever, relinquish your bona fide path, on the wine trail in Italy.

    wine blog +  Italian wine blog + Italy W

              Is the World Ready for New Italian Wine?   
    When Jon Bonné penned his groundbreaking book, The New California Wine, he caused a lot of us to look at wine in a different light. It wasn’t so much that all of a sudden winemakers in California were doing something different than they had done before, for in California, experimentation is always part of the gambit. No, it was that he caused us to perceive, from a different perspective, how some winemakers in California were going about the art and craft of winemaking in a totally unfettered way. In fact, these revolutionaries, some of them, have also become part of the mainstream for wine in the Golden State.

    There will always be a large commercial aspect to wine in California and other places in the world where wine is part of the commerce of the country. France, Spain and Italy come to mind. Italy has had, for some time, a robust commercial side of wine. A recent visit to the 51st edition of Vinitaly showed just how vigorous that business still is.

    But there are also those souls who look not to quantity of production as their barometer. There are those who look to provide wholesome and tasty wines that are not necessarily in the commercial mainstream of Italian wine. As in California, where people are often looking to break out of the expected mold of expression, so in Italy, it is almost expected that a percentage of winemaking will deter from the conventional. Is this what Bonné might call the New Italian Wine?

    I’m a bit torn about this, for I see people and winemakers who would not want themselves to be pigeonholed as either a mainstream commercialist or as a rogue inventionist. There will always be those who reject any kind of classification of their work. That’s almost de rigueur in Italian culture, from where I perch. But it is interesting to note that there is a good deal of energy being generated in the Italian counterculture of winemaking that are achieving some interesting and compelling expressions of wine. It’s an eddy along the river of this Golden Age of wine we find ourselves in Italy. But by no means is it a minor adjunct.

    Look, there will always be huge production of commercial wines from the Chianti, Prosecco, Pinot Grigio and Moscato categories. As well, there are also people producing wine from those areas that would fit into the New Italian Wine cast. Christian Zago from Cà dei Zago makes a Prosecco like no uber-industrial producer. And it is a lovely, compelling wine. One can comb the hills of Tuscany or Friuli and find people who lend their interpretation to Sangiovese or Pinot Grigio with respect, not just for large production results.

    But there are people all over Italy who are ready for this revolution. I say ready, when in fact, the revolution is in full swing. Spend a week in North Eastern Sicily, Etna and Vittoria, and see that these folks are not waiting for the starting pistol.

    In fact, all of southern Italy is in this mode. Aside large cantine sociale co-ops, there are these small upstarts in Calabria, in Puglia, in Campania, in Lazio, in Abruzzo. The New Italian wine might not be as “new” as the New California wine of Bonné’s tome, but it is no less exciting.

    In reality it might be harder to make the case for New Italian wine, because there are so many grape varieties. While California winemaking had been dominated for so many years by Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir, Italy has lumbered over a profusion of grapes and wine types. It might be harder to “differentiate” oneself from the typical as the mainstream was so diffuse in Italian wine culture. Someone making Gaglioppo in Italy, as they had done for many generations, might not seem as edgy as someone who finds a long-forgotten parcel of Verdelho in Eldorado County. Nonetheless, the thrill of discovery, on the wine trail in Italy, is part of what makes everything seem so new and old at the same time. But to talk to winemakers in those forgotten zones, like Arianna Occhipinti or Cataldo Calabretta is to see the old as new. Maybe that is the lesson of the New Italian wine; that what was once old is new again. From my recent travels across Italy, I am here to tell you that the revolution is alive and well.

    Filippo Rizzo of Lamoresca

    wine blog +  Italian wine blog + Italy W

              What will happen to Italian wine if America enters into a trade war with Europe?   
    The Italians never thought it would happen. They, led by the French, were marching into a huge new market, China. In that moment, they turned their gaze from America, seeing a new, emerging market filled with hundreds of millions of potential customers for their wines. Every farmer’s daughter was going to Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Taipei, Chengdu and Hong Kong with their Barolo, Brunello, their Prosecco and their Moscato. All along, China was developing cheap solar panels, racing to find a way to fulfill their own country’s need for cheap, clean, sustainable energy. And with that came the temptation to import those solar panels to their trading partners in Europe. But trading with China in the solar sector could cost thousands of jobs in Europe, where the solar energy industry had a foothold and was growing at a rapid pace. The EU threatened a steep tariff on solar panels imported from China. And China threatened to retaliate on wine with a tariff of up to 47%. A trade war loomed. And while this threat was greater to France, and even Spain, Italy also felt the slap from the big hand of China.

    Could it happen today, between America and Europe, a similar threat? According to a conversation I had this past week with a prestigious family producer from Italy, yes it can. European leaders are suspicious of American leadership. There is a fog of volatility that has rolled in, the likes of which hasn’t been felt since the 1970’s. But the 1970’s didn’t have the global thread of communication of commerce the interconnectedness that we all have today. The interdependence that some leaders cast a blind eye to, but which nonetheless exists. So yes, the Italians are nervous.

    From the look of things in 2017, so far, business is good. Things are humming right along. Italian wine still seems to have a good momentum coming off a relatively robust year, 2016. I say this with the knowledge of data that I am privy to, commercial data that even surprised me. As it continues to do.

    “We are a satellite of America,” my Italian colleague said, over a globally inspired lunch of barbecued chicken and spinach salad, New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc and prickly pear kombucha. It took me off guard to hear those words said. I identify as an American with Italian roots, and I love the country that my grandfathers and grandmothers immigrated to over 100 years ago. I see the limitless horizon of opportunity, as many of us immigrants and children of immigrants must see and feel when they look to America and make the often perilous trek to the land of the free. “You must understand that to us, America is a beacon of freedom for the world.” I’m sitting across a member of a venerated Italian wine family, one of the first families of Italian wine. And I’m truly astonished to hear this. And again, she says, “We are a satellite of America.”

    In a sense I understand this too well. I spend all of my working time around Italian wine, around Italian restaurants and often first, second and third generation Italian immigrants. I’m steeped in the tea of Italianitá. It was then that I felt a deep commitment, once again, tugging at my heartstrings, a little voice inside, from ages past and days not yet born saying “Help them get over to your side, help them to get a place at the table.” No kidding, this is how I think and feel about it. It’s not about selling more wine; it’s not about being in the cool kid’s club. It’s about finding ways, often extremely difficult, given the myriad of laws and regulations in the alcohol beverage industry among the 50 states, to help my Italian cousins in this land of opportunity.

    So to imagine that America might be going into a potential trade war with Europe - no matter how capriciously it might be constructed by the Steve Bannon’s of the world – it was truly an alarming thought for the future of Italian wine in America.

    Yes, things are so much better than it was 25, 35, 50 years ago in the world of Italian wine in America. Now we have the luxury of groaning when we see one too many Erbaluce’s on hipster wine lists. But I see a new battle looming on the horizon, one which might be more than just one of have a greater selection. You think it couldn’t happen here? How many jaw dropping events must one witness before one realizes they are not on solid ground but on the deck of the Titanic?

    Vigilance, my Italian colleagues. We are in a social and economic climate that is heating up faster than our contentiously debated global climate shift.

    wine blog +  Italian wine blog + Italy W

    Last school year I was told that I must teach grades 2-6 (in my K-8 school). Nevermind that not one of those grades is in my certification. Nevermind that it was my first year teaching. Nevermind. Just go babysit Miss Señora.

    So, completely clueless, I made 350 copies of a general questionnaire for the kids to fill out because hey, ...if my administrators weren't going to give me their expectations, the students would have to do it themselves.

    Here are some of the answers I collected in September 2006. Some real gems. Remember, these kids range in ages from 7-12 years old. I wonder now why I didn't do this again this year

    1. Do you speak, read or write in Spanish?

    -I do not read Spanish. I may look spanish, but I'm not.
    -No, because not one person in my family speaks Spanish. How am I supposed to know it?
    -No I geus speak a Aloon Bei. (¿qué?)

    2. Where do you think that Spanish is spoken?

    -In my house
    -America & Aruba
    -Brizsl -Birzl
    -Amirica, Texes
    -Sedgwick Park (Bronx)
    -Domme Replica, -Dimenicon repblc
    -Cypress Ave. (Bronx)
    -canada, canida
    -Spainu, Spine, Spani
    -Puato Rico, Putro rico, Peruroto Rico. pocote ricaio, purto ricc
    -my house and Spanish Harlem
    -Rome & Florida
    -Argentina, streets, and stores
    - Cuba, and maybe some parts of New Jersey
    -gomolow (what?)

    3. What do you want to learn in this class?

    -I want to learn spanish and to ascholy comunikat with spanish people. (huh?)
    -When did Spanish come to the world? (yeah, she wont' be allowed to ask any more questions)
    -becaise people mite be Spanish. they mite befrom Spain
    -If a lunch lady is Spanish you can tell them what you want (right on man)
    -I want to learn spanish because if somebody talks to you in Spanish and you don't know to say and you pretend and they think its a bad word. (ok)

    4. What do you expect of Miss Señora?

    -to wear red shirts
    -What I expect is that she'll help me do what I WANT.
    -to show us the respect we deserve.
    -to show me Spanish and explain it good.
    -What I expect Miss Señora are Spanish teets and how to speak. (apparently he meant "tests" lol)
    -I expect Miss Señora to speak spanish and to smell good not bad.
    -I expect to learn Spanish from Miss Señora. I also expected her to be Spanish, or at least look Spanish, but I'll get over it.
    -I think she is a nice Spanish woman. (why thank you. you're a nice Nepalese man)

    5. What do you think Miss Señora. expects of YOU?

    -good be havure
    -to pay a tenchon (that's expensive, poor kid)
    -to rais our hands or write complete (he did neither)
    -a lot since I'm in middle school now.
    -to be bavering (no, I would never expect that....)
    -she probably expects me to like class
    -a lot of antarchy (it really disturbs me that this 3rd grader not only knows the word, but is now using it to intimidate me)

              Authentic Models Blue Sailer Boat   

    Boats such as these could be seen daily off the coast of France and Spain in the 19th century. Out at first light, fishermen filled their baskets and returned to the dockside markets with their catch to supply the local village with fresh sea food. Imagine the salty smell, the cries of seagulls, the cobbled docksides, the aging wood piers, cables and lines and think of the daily courage of the fisherman sailing out in all weather to bring home their catch. Handmade model sail boat such as these are similar to those made by idle fishermen when not at sea plying their trade, and are as accurate as they are beautiful.

    Price: £30.00 Special Price: £22.50

              Authentic Models Green Sailer Boat   

    Boats such as these could be seen daily off the coast of France and Spain in the 19th century. Out at first light, fishermen filled their baskets and returned to the dockside markets with their catch to supply the local village with fresh sea food. Imagine the salty smell, the cries of seagulls, the cobbled docksides, the aging wood piers, cables and lines and think of the daily courage of the fisherman sailing out in all weather to bring home their catch. Handmade model sail boat such as these are similar to those made by idle fishermen when not at sea plying their trade, and are as accurate as they are beautiful.

    Price: £30.00 Special Price: £22.50

              Memo to Arroyo: Let McCain know you're from Asia   
    Published September 22, 2008

    President Gloria Arroyo may have had a top-level meeting with Republican presidential candidate John McCain during her last visit to the United States. But if he wins in November, she better hope he’ll remember that encounter -- and that he won’t confuse her, given her Hispanic surname, for one of those anti-American leaders in Latin America who are always irritating Washington.

    Just ask Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, the prime minister of Spain.

    When asked in an interview with a Miami Spanish-language radio program if he would receive Zapatero in the White House, McCain said that he would “establish closer relationships with our friends, and I will stand up to those who want to harm the United States.”

    The clearly confused interviewer politely asked the question three more times. After all, Spain is a member of NATO and a US ally, and McCain or any other US politician surely wouldn't suggest that Spain could be among those “who would harm the United States.” The interviewer even clarified that she was referring to the country in Europe. But McCain simply repeated his response.

    That prompted speculation that either McCain didn't know who Zapatero was, thought Spain is in Latin America, or simply got confused. Did he perhaps think that Zapatero was another troublemaker south of the US border? Maybe he thought he was being asked about the Zapatista rebels in Mexico, or about Emiliano Zapata, the legendary, but long dead, Mexican rebel leader.

    It may be understandable how McCain would get confused since the question about Zapatero followed others about not-so-friendly leaders in America's backyard: Raul Castro of Cuba, Evo Morales of Bolivia and the highly-controversial Hugo Chavez of Venezuela.

    But as the Washington Post noted, “Lumping Zapatero in with the Latin American bad guys like Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is ironic because Zapatero and Juan Carlos, the King of Spain, were protagonists in one of the most public anti-Chavez moments.”

    The newspaper was referring to the Ibero-American summit meeting earlier this year in Chile, when Chavez criticized Zapatero's predecessor, Jose Maria Aznar, a close Bush ally, for sending Spanish troops to Iraq. Zapatero politely rejected Chavez's argument, but when the Venezuelan pressed on, the Spanish king snapped at him, “Why don't you just shut up?”

    To be sure, McCain's gaffe was not as bad as former Vice President Dan Quayle's jaw-dropping observation that people in Latin America don't speak Latin. Or President George W. Bush's surprising question to the president of Brazil: “Do you have blacks too?”

    Still, McCain's response raises doubts about his claim to be a foreign policy expert, especially since he has made other baffling remarks on foreign affairs during the campaign. Once he appeared to get mixed up about the difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims. Then he explained the crisis in Afghanistan to journalist Diane Sawyer by saying, “We have a lot of work to do and I'm afraid it's a very hard struggle, particularly given the situation on the Iraq-Pakistan border.”

    Such a border does not exist, of course. Nor does the republic of Czechoslovakia, which broke up into two nations in the early 90s, but that didn't stop McCain from referring to the defunct entity.

    McCain's campaign spokesman Randy Sheunemann later clarified that his candidate meant what he said that he would not commit to a meeting with Spain’s Zapatero. That prompted columnist Robert Schlesinger to write: “Memo to Randy Sheunemann: Your candidate can do worse things than get confused. Like he could imply that a NATO ally might mean us harm.”

    Bottom line for the Philippine leadership: Gear up for an education campaign to reintroduce yourself to a President McCain. Perhaps the Department of Foreign Affairs should send a briefing paper to the McCain campaign explaining that the US military has pulled out of Subic and Clark, just in case he gets confused about why there is now a Visiting Forces Agreement between the US and the Philippines. Or, maybe it should issue a high-level memo reminding McCain that the Philippines is no longer an American colony, and that Arroyo should be called "president," not "governor-general."

    But then again, perhaps there's nothing to worry about . After all, if McCain wins, he'll have a highly capable vice president in Sarah Palin. How can you beat a would-be-president who became an expert on Russia because she can see that country from her home state of Alaska?

    But just to be sure, it may be wise for Arroyo, or whoever takes her place in 2010, to consider a special gift to the McCain-Palin administration if they do take over come January: A very powerful telescope so she can see the Babuyan Islands from downtown Anchorage.
              Authentic Models Red Sailer Boat   

    Boats such as these could be seen daily off the coast of France and Spain in the 19th century. Out at first light, fishermen filled their baskets and returned to the dockside markets with their catch to supply the local village with fresh sea food. Imagine the salty smell, the cries of seagulls, the cobbled docksides, the aging wood piers, cables and lines and think of the daily courage of the fisherman sailing out in all weather to bring home their catch. Handmade model sail boat such as these are similar to those made by idle fishermen when not at sea plying their trade, and are as accurate as they are beautiful.

    Price: £30.00 Special Price: £22.50

              Catalonia OKs Cannabis Legalization, but Will Spain Let It Fly?   

    After a petition drive that gathered 67,500 signatures, the autonomous Spanish region of Catalonia has legalized the cultivation, consumption, and distribution of cannabis.

    The post Catalonia OKs Cannabis Legalization, but Will Spain Let It Fly? appeared first on Leafly.

              TENERIFE UNKNOWN   

    In September we spent two weeks with five cameras and two sleeping bags in Tenerife to explore the island abroad from all the tourism hotspots, focussing on its nature and lost places.
    In 10 days we slept several nights beneath one of the most breathtaking night skies there are in the whole world, visited ghost town, a forgotten village which used to be a leper colony until it was abandoned, and found a lost hotel, which's construction was suddenly stopped in the 70s because the owner was unknown.
    We gathered 42.187 shots which kept us over 240 hours busy in post production and take up 1,12 Terra bytes of our hard drives.

    Video produced by:
    Thomas Pöcksteiner // Peter Jablonowski

    Sounddesign by:
    Alex Clement

    Music by:
    Camo & Krooked - Good Times Bad Times ( camoandkrooked.com )

    Equipment used:
    + Sony A7s ( amzn.to/2qFZcWc )
    + Sony A7R II ( amzn.to/2qFRJq4 )
    + Canon 5D Mark III ( amzn.to/2qFZj44 )
    + 2x Canon 6D ( amzn.to/2r4kihV )
    + Canon 11-24mm F4 ( amzn.to/2rE0yxC )
    + Canon 24-105mm F4 (amzn.to/2r426F6 )
    + Emotimo TB3
    + 2x Pocketslider ( pocketslider.de )
    + Canon TS-E 17mm F4 ( amzn.to/2qCxKI9 )
    + Tamron 24-70mm F2,8 ( amzn.to/2qJ707z )
    + Zeiss 24-70mm F4 ( amzn.to/2qFX8NR )
    + Samyang/Walimex 14mm F2,8 ( amzn.to/2qFWJuL )
    Visit our website: filmspektakel.com
    Like us on Facebook: facebook.com/FilmSpektakel
    Follow us on Twitter: twitter.com/FilmSpektakel
    Follow us on Instagram: instagram.com/filmspektakel
    For licensing & inquires please contact us via email: office(at)filmspektakel.at
    All shots are available in 5K!

    Cast: FilmSpektakel

    Tags: tenerife, flowmotion, timelapse, hyperlapse, spain, island, vulcano, light pollution, stars, astro, astrophotgraphy, milky way, filmspektakel, canon, zeitraffer, pocketslider, sony, milchstrasse, mountain and travel

              Things to Do Food: July 2017   
    How to Eat, Drink, and Be Merry for the Month of July by Mercury Staff

    Wonder Woman Wine Flight
    A benefit for Betties360, providing Portland girls with access to outdoor activities and life skills training. Pairing eight characters from the box-office blockbuster Wonder Woman with eight wines. Attendees who arrive in costume get $5 off the price.
    Jul 13-16, noon, Pairings, $20-25

    Red Whites & Brews
    Breakside’s new Slabtown brewpub hosts a Fourth of July weekend kick-off party with help from some of their buddies in the beverage industry. Enjoy live music from the Kinky Brothers, wine from Archery Summit, A-Z Winery, Cooper Mountain Vineyards, Clay Pigeon, Patton Valley, Chehalem, Elk Cove, and Ponzi Winery, and brew from the likes of pFriem, Culmination, Commons, Deschutes, Double Mountain, Great Notion, Upright, Migration, Occidental, Gigantic, Ninkasi, Widmer, and Portland Cider Company, all while supporting the Children’s Cancer Association & New Avenues for Youth. $15 admission nets you a commemorative glass and 5 drink tickets. Additional drink tickets can be purchased in batches of 5 for $10.
    Jul 1, 2 pm, Breakside Brewery, $15

    2017 Crawfish Boil
    My Vice catering throws a good ol' fashioned crawfish boil, which isn't just taking little tiny lobsters and throwing them in a pot—although that does happen. A crawfish boil is more like an all-day party where all manner of delicious food is served up courtesy Chef Anh Luu of Tapalaya, and all kinds of great bands hit the stage, like Summer Cannibals, Tango Alpha Tango, Wooden Indian Burial Ground, and more.
    Jul 4, noon, Mad Sons Pub, $25

    La Ruta PDX: A Gastronomic Festival
    La Ruta PDX: A Gastronomic Festival is an industry and trade focused event series celebrating the culinary culture of Spain in Portland, Oregon from the 13th to the 16th of July 2017. Chefs from Spain will join forces with chefs from Portland in a series of collaboration dinners. Events throughout the festival will showcase Spanish products, purveyors, and specialty equipment to encourage collaboration and mutual enrichment between the two gastronomic cultures.
    Jul 13-16, Various Locations, click here for a list of venues and events, $10-295

    The Hoedown
    Zenger Farm's third annual summer celebration is all about shining a light on making access to good food available for everyone—which is precisely what's happening at the hoedown, with hand-cranked Salt & Straw ice cream, a homemade picnic supper, a beer and cider garden, live music from Red Yarn and Wonderly, and much more available on the farm. Tickets include dinner and a drink ticket.
    Jul 22, 4 pm, Zenger Farm, $15-25

    Sokol Blosser Summer House Party
    Sokol Blosser's third annual soiree features gourmet-style food by Chef Henry, with vegetarian options as well, all to help fuel an evening full of carnival style games and entertainments.
    Jul 22, 6 pm, Sokol Blosser Winery, $30-40

    30th Annual Oregon Brewers Festival
    The Northwest tradition returns to the Waterfront to serve over 80,000 customers some of the finest beer the world will ever drink. Visit oregonbrewfest.com for a list of brewers.
    Jul 26-30, 11 am, Tom McCall Waterfront Park

    Counter Culture
    Anne Amie's eighth annual party celebrating the best in international street food and wines by bringing them all to the hills overlooking the Willamette Valley, with participants including Laurelhurst Market, Olympia Provisions, Country Cat, Bollywood Theater, Ember & Vine, Pok Pok, and more.
    Jul 27, 6 pm, Anne Amie Vineyards, $85

    Don't forget to check out our Things To Do calendar for even more things to do!

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              Breaking up Spain: Secession and individual rights   
    A large region of Spain called Catalonia has announced its plans for a binding referendum on its independence from Spain. If the referendum vote succeeds, should Spain allow Catalonia to secede?
              Villa for Rent in Diego Martin, Port-of-Spain, Ref# 11025848   
    Villa for Rent in Diego Martin, Port-of-Spain. Asking price: 7900 TTD. Bedrooms: 2. Bathrooms: 2. More Information and Features: house for rent, property for rent, home for rent, for rent in trinidad and tobago, real estate in trinidad, trinidad....
    2 rooms 2 bathrooms
    Fri, 30 Jun 2017 18:43:43 +0200
              For sale - air jordan 7 retro olympic Youth - Auction   
    Retro 4723, Australia
    Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...

              For sale - Canon ae-1 Official Camera 1984 Olympic Games With... - Auction   

    Melbourne VIC, Australia
    Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...

              http://www.actiontrainingacademy.com.au/forums/topic/watchonline-germany-u21-vs-spain-u21-live-stream-under-21-here-3 – Virus Scan Results   
    AntiVirus Scan Results for www.actiontrainingacademy.com.au/forums/topic/watchonline-germany-u21-vs-spain-u21-live-stream-under-21-here-3. Check our results before you visit.
              http://www.https:/web.facebook.com/Final-Germany-U21-vs-Spain-U21-Live-stream-Football-116624485615195 – Virus Scan Results   
    AntiVirus Scan Results for www.https:/web.facebook.com/Final-Germany-U21-vs-Spain-U21-Live-stream-Football-116624485615195. Check our results before you visit.
              Monica Bellucci in Azzedine Alaia at the 'On The Milky Road' Madrid Photocall   

    Monica Bellucci stepped out yesterday(June 29th) for the 'On the Milky Road' ('En la Via Lactea') photocall at the Urso hotel in Madrid, Spain.

    Working an all black look, she turned to one of her favorite designers AZZEDINE ALAIA. She wore a long sleeve semi-sheer knit ankle length layered dress with a v-neckline and cut-out platform sandals. 

    Monica's nice minimalistic look worked for the laid back photocall. A glossy lip, light waves with bangs and gold hoops completed her look. 

    Credit: InstarImages

              Paz Vega & Macarena Garcia at the Harper's Bazaar 150th Anniversary Party   

    Along with Macarena Gomez, Paz Vega & Macarena Garcia attended the Harper's Bazaar 150th anniversary party at Casa de Velazquez in Madrid, Spain yesterday evening(June 28th). 

    Paz Vega wore a DSQUARED2 FALL 2017 CAPSULE COLLECTION black sleeveless floor length dress with a ruffle high neck, a cut-out back and a back split. A side parted, short layered cut and smokey eyes finished up her simple but pretty look. 

    Macarena Garcia wore a LOEWE SPRING 2017 ensemble which featured bone with brown pipping bustier top and a multi button A-line skirt with an asymmetrical hem. Beauty wise, she kept it simple with light make-up and side parted tresses. A white envelope clutch and tie-around sandals finished up her look.

    Credit: InstarImages, Dsquared2, Vogue.com

              For sale - early hardy brothers 4 piece split cane fishing rod... - Auction   
    Cane 6710, Australia
    Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile

              Trowbridge Alhambra, Granada in Spain Triptych - Ex-Display   

    Made to Order

    Trowbridge Alhambra, Granada in Spain Triptych, last one available.  Large, imposing and truly a sight to behold, this photograph would make a wonderful piece of wall art. The subtle and understated beauty of black and white photography has long been appreciated by art lovers and experts alike - it works perfectly in sophisticated and chic interiors. This photograph is highly stylish; it would be ideally placed in a monochrome modern living room.

    Alhambra in Granada

    This triptych is a beautiful depiction of Alhambra, the palace and fortress in Grenada, Spain. 


    A triptych is a work of art that is divided into three sections. A highly popular form of art throughout Europe, they have been made since the Middle Ages and often decorated Gothic churches and buildings. A photographic triptych is a common style used in modern commercial artwork. The photographs are usually arranged with a plain border between them. The work may consist of separate images that are variants on a theme, or may be one larger image split into three.

    Price: £1,041.67 Special Price: £781.25

              VIDEO | Germany 1 – 0 Spain [Euro U-21 Cup Final] Highlights 2017   

    VIDEO |  Germany 1 – 0 Spain [Euro U-21 Cup Final] Highlights 2017 : Mitchell Weiser scored with a looping first-half header to hand Germany the under-21 European Championship title after a 1-0 win over Spain in the southern Polish city of Krakow on Friday. It is Germany’s second title in the age group following […]

    The post VIDEO | Germany 1 – 0 Spain [Euro U-21 Cup Final] Highlights 2017 appeared first on illuminaija.

              Summer Accessories .:. Tassel earrings, straw bags & more   
    Mango, tassel earrings, Quasten Ohrringe, straw hat, Strohhut, DIY, Etsy
    Mango, tassel earrings, Quasten Ohrringe, straw hat, Strohhut, DIY, Etsy, Michael Kors
    Tassel Earrings / Ohrringe mit Quaste - Mango (sold out) // Boater straw hat / Strohhut - Vero Moda // Bag / Tasche - Michael Kors (similar here and here)
    tassel earrings, Quasten Ohrringe, straw hat, Strohhut, DIY, Etsy
    Tassel earrings / Ohrringe mit Quasten - Etsy
    Pepe Jeans, tassel earrings, Quasten Ohrringe, straw hat, Strohhut, DIY, Etsy
    Tassel earrings / Quastenohrringe - Etsy // Strawbag / Strohtasche - Pepe Jeans
    H&M, tassel earrings, Quasten Ohrringe, straw hat, Strohhut, DIY, Etsy
    Anchor key chain / Anker Schlüsselanhänger - H&M // Tassel earrings / Ohrringe - Etsy
    Prada, tassel earrings, Quasten Ohrringe, straw hat, Strohhut, DIY, Etsy
    Sunglasses / Sonnenbrille - Prada // Slogan straw hat / Strohhut mit Spruch - DIY // Tassel earrings / Ohrringe - Etsy

    EN In spring I discovered tassel earrings and loved the fun and quirky update on my DIY summer wardrobe. I'm absolutely not into making jewelry, so I ordered these handmade tassel earrings via Etsy. Next week I'll show you how I've combined a pair of these tassel earrings with a me made piece.
    Another absolutely must for summer are straw hats. During our stay in Spain I wore one almost every day (even on our rooftop).
    Last, but not least I love straw bags for summer and they are still on trend this year. I bought this Michael Kors bag last year and loved it, this year I bought this beautiful straw bag on sale (you can wear it over the shoulder or as a clutch).
    You can also find more summer pieces I love here.
    What are your summer accessories essentials this summer?

    DE Diesen Frühling habe ich Quastenohrringe entdeckt und finde, sie sind eine tolle Ergänzung zu meinen selbstgenähten Teilen. Ich selbst bin kein großer Fan von Schmuckherstellung, daher habe ich mir die oben gezeigten Ohrringe bei Etsy bestellt, sie sind aber auch liebevoll handgefertigt. Nächste Woche zeige ich Euch dann ein selbstgenähtes Outfit in Kombination mit einem Paar Quastenohrringe.
    Ein absolutes Muss in jedem Sommer sind für mich Stohhüte (vor allem als Sonnenschutz). Während unsers Spanienurlaubs habe ich fast täglich einen Hut getragen, sogar auf unserer Dachterasse. Meinen selbstverzierten Strohhut habe ich inzwischen schon zwei Jahre.
    Mein letztes Sommer-Accessoire ist die Basttasche. Im letzten Sommer habe ich diese Michael Kors Tasche geliebt (und ich trage sie auch diesen Sommer sehr gern), in diesem Jahr habe ich mir noch diese hübsche Basttasche im Sale zugelegt (ich liebe es, dass man sie über die Schulter und als Clutch tragen kann).
    Weitere sommerliche Teile die ich sehr mag, findet Ihr hier.
    Welches sind Eure liebsten Accessoires im Sommer?
    Liebe Grüße

    This blogpost contains affiliate links. / Dieser Post enthält Affiliatelinks.

              Neil Ardley/New Jazz Orchestra: On the Radio: BBC Sessions 1971 review   

    (Dusk Fire)

    The polymath British composer and bandleader Neil Ardley foresaw much of today’s genre-bending, often via his leadership of the south London rehearsal band that became the New Jazz Orchestra in the mid-60s. These two 1971 BBC radio sessions join music from Ardley, Mike Gibbs, the shortlived piano visionary Mike Taylor, Barbara Thompson and Cream’s Jack Bruce, with Ardley’s and electronicist Keith Winter’s chamber-jazzy experimental suite, The Time Flowers.

    Gibbs’s Tanglewood ’63 combines the NJO’s subtlety and rock-savvy rhythm section with characterful improv from trumpeter Harry Beckett and the bluesy saxist Dick Heckstall-Smith. A standout segue of Taylor’s pensive and harmonically audacious Half Blue and Pendulum is warmed by Ian Carr’s glowing flugelhorn sound. The Time Flowers joins glimpses of Miles Davis and Gil Evans’s Sketches of Spain with soft classical strings, electronic chimes and empathic dialogue between Carr and the Coltrane-esque saxophonist Don Rendell, in textural collages that only occasionally have a treading-water feel. Progressive music from almost half a century back, it sounds remarkably fresh.

    Continue reading...
              Worcester Valkyries in England strong squad for Women's Rugby World Cup   
    England, the title holders, are drawn in Pool B alongside Spain, Italy and USA and kick off their campaign against Spain at the UCD Bowl on Wednesday, August 9 at 2pm.
              Tea Tree Castile Liquid Soap   

    The word castile is a reference to La Castilla - a region in central Spain historically significant in the history of soapmaking. In America, castile means any soap made with olive oil, often a liquid soap made from coconut and olive. Always check yo...[Read More]
    Our Price: $5.58 On Sale [Add to Cart]

              DANIELSSON, Lars - Liberetto III (Act Germany) 180 gram vinyl LP + MP3 download code   
    Title: Liberetto III
    Artist: DANIELSSON, Lars
    Label: Act Germany
    Format: 180 gram vinyl LP + MP3 download code

    Track listing:
    MP3 Sample Preludium
    MP3 Sample Agnus Dei
    MP3 Sample Lviv
    MP3 Sample Taksim By Night
    MP3 Sample Orationi
    MP3 Sample Sonata In Spain
    MP3 Sample Da Salo
    MP3 Sample Mr Miller
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              This week in Germany: HelloFresh, GoEuro, ArangoDB   
    Craft platform Dawanda lay off 25% of staff The Berlin-startup Dawanda, which offers an online platform for selling and purchasing hand-made goods, let 60 employees go. The layoffs were across all departments, but marketing and administration were most heavily affected. Employees located in Spain and Poland were also let go. The startup shared with Gründerszene […]
               Cuban National Ballet hits Spain   
    After two weeks of a successful tour that took them to London, Cairo and Alexandria (Egypt), Alicia Alonso and the Cuban National Ballet have just arrived in Spain.

    After two weeks of a successful tour that took them to London, Cairo and Alexandria (Egypt), Alicia Alonso and the Cuban National Ballet have just arrived in Spain.

              Mad Men y doblete de Kate Winslet en el finde Eurovisivo   
    Aunque con un año de retraso he de rendirme a la evidencia, "Mad Men" es una obra maestra. Se harán duros estos dos meses que restan para la edición de su segunda temporada (en EEUU, donde Lionsgate las pone a la venta en Blu-ray multizona y con subtítulos en castellano). Su tempo narrativo, mucho más pausado que el resto de ficciones que consumo últimamente, no significa que la serie no tenga una increíble capacidad de adicción. Tanta como la que los personajes tienen por el tabaco. La impecable estética con la que siempre nos han mostrado el "sueño americano", no se ve en "Mad Men" alterada. La intención es potenciarla, en parte gracias a una selecta banda sonora de los años 50, sirviendo así de contraste a las auténticas (tanto a nivel personal como del mundo publicitario) historias que nos van narrando. En definitiva la cara B del mismo mundo que nos ofrece una joya de la televisión de aquel tiempo: "Embrujada".

    Gracias a este largo fin de semana pude disfrutar también de un impecable doblete de Kate Winslet: "The Reader" y "Revolutionary Road". El primer título le hizo merecedora este año el Oscar y el BAFTA a la mejor actriz, así como dos Globos de Oro a mejor atriz por The Reader y mejor actriz de reparto por "Revolutionary Road". Dos películas impecables cuya única similitud es el estar basadas en sendas novelas. Dos títulos más que recomendables que se suman así al resto de la trayectoria de esta actriz que no deja de sorprendernos: ya sea con Ang lee en "Sentido y sensibilidad", con James Cameron en "Titanic" o con Gondry en "Olvídate de mí".

    Ya puestos en dramas, no desentonó la noche eurovisiva. Aunque he de reconocer como realmente inmejorables tanto el escenario como la realización de la gala, así como un buen puñado de los artistas que llegaron a esta final pancontinetal, la sensación que me dejó fue prácticamente la misma. Desde un primer momento supe que Soraya SI era la adecuada, aunque no tanto el tema elegido. La canción en si es buena, sirve incluso como single de su último disco, pero NO como candidata a Eurovisión. La canción perfecta para este festival ya nos representó, y llevó a la victoria, en 1968: "La, La La". Ha de ser por tanto un tema que entusiasme con tan solo escucharlo una vez, puesto que de su primera escucha va a depender la votación de público y jurado. Entiendo perfectamente la aplastante victoria del noruego (sigo sin poderme quitar "Fairytale" de la cabeza) pero me cuesta mucho comprender ese penúltimo puesto para Soraya. En Eurovisión-Spain han recogido muestras de la prensa de hoy, la opinión es casi unánime.
              Germany vs Spain UEFA Euro U21 Final – Watch Live Online, TV Schedule June 30, 2017   
    This Friday, June 30, 2017 (11:45 AM Pacific) Germany will play Spain in the final of the 2017 U21 UEFA Euro tournament at the Marszałek Piłsudski Stadium in Krakow, Poland. Both teams proved to be the strongest sides in the competition and should provide a fierce duel for the title. Germany finished the group stage […]
              Tembleque Open 2017 on September 16 - 17, 2017 in Tembleque, Toledo, Spain   

    The Tembleque Open 2017 will take place on September 16 - 17, 2017 in Tembleque, Toledo, Spain. Check out the Tembleque Open 2017 website for more information and registration.

              Barcelona set to re-sign Everton's Gerard Deulofeu in ¬12m transfer   
    In honour of Lionel Messi's 30th birthday, take a look at what he's accomplished so far and what he has left to chase down. Sid Lowe reflects on Lionel Messi's legendary career now that the Argentine has hit age 30. Barcelona have confirmed that they will exercise their right to re-sign Spain international Gerard Deulofeu from Everton for €12 million. Deulofeu left Barca for Everton for €6m two summers ago, but the Catalan club included a series of clauses in the transfer which would allow them to sign him back at a later date. One of those clauses included a buyback option on the winger worth €12m, which they had until June 30 to activate. "Barcelona have exercised their right to re-sign...
              Germany U21 vs Spain U21   
    Full match video for: Euro U21 Qualifying 2017 Final Germany U21 vs Spain U21 Friday, June 30, 2017 6:45 PM (UTC) at Stadion Cracovii im. Józefa Pi?sudskiego
              Germany U21 vs Spain U21   
    Highlights and all goals video for: Euro U21 Qualifying 2017 Final Germany U21 1 - 0 Spain U21 Friday, June 30, 2017 6:45 PM (UTC) at Stadion Cracovii im. Józefa Pi?sudskiego
              Find Your Footing on the Camino de Santiago   

    Pilgrims following the scallop shell and yellow arrow

    What attracts an individual to walk 500 miles? More specifically, what drives an individual to walk the Camino de Santiago? Is it the religious, historical, or cultural fixtures? Is it the camaraderie that comes with hiking an established route? Or is it just the desire to take a really good, long walk? Maybe it’s a mixture of it all. Let’s dip our toes into the  informational pool that is the Camino de Santiago!

    So, Why Does the Camino de Santiago Exist?

    According to Christian theology, when Jesus divided the known world into Missionary Zones, James was assigned to the Iberian Peninsula (modern day Spain and Portugal). James spent a few years preaching in Spain before returning to Jerusalem, where he was beheaded in 44 AD. It is believed that his followers carried his body back to Spain. Years later his remains were discovered in Santiago de Compostela. St. James was and still is universally discerned as the patron of pilgrims and once his remains were discovered, many people flocked to the location of his remains. The King of Spain thus declared James to be the patron saint of Santiago and Spain as a whole.

    A Brief History:

    St. Jean Pied de Port bridge crossing

    The Camino de Santiago was one of three pilgrimages that could result in a plenary indulgence during the Medieval Period. Essentially, if you wanted to relinquish yourself of sin, you either walked to Jerusalem, Rome, or Santiago. If you stepped foot with the intent of walking towards Santiago, you were a pilgrim, or peregrino. Pilgrims would utilize the Codex Calixtinus, a collection of books from the 1140s, to guide them to Santiago de Compostela. The Codex Calixtinus was the first of it’s kind and is widely accepted as the world’s first travel guide. Seems like a Dan Brown movie in the making. Anyway, attendance during the Middle Ages peaked and eventually tapered off.

    Throughout history, the route to Santiago shaped infrastructure from hospices to bridges and travel ways for pilgrims to reach the cities. The trail brought all types of people together. Cultures mixed, languages merged, and history was influenced. Since the 70s, there has been a proliferation of pilgrims from all over the world that have come together to hike into Santiago.

    Why are There So Many Routes?

    Camino Bridge Crossing

    People have walked to Santiago from all over Europe, creating paths that eventually funneled into the defined routes we have today. Back then, once you took on a pilgrimage, you started your hike from your front door step. And you can still do that today; ocean in your path? I hope you like to swim!

    Currently, there are 12 established Camino routes that start in either Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, or Switzerland. The most popular route and most congested is the Way of St. James, the French Route. Picking the right route depends on a variety of factors. Time of year, popularity, terrain, physical ability, and how much time you can dedicate to a hike are all factors. You can start midway on one of the 12 Camino routes, or start in Amsterdam or Moscow. With limitless options, you can definitely tailor a route that works best for you.

    Which Route Should You Take?

    Greg Scheaffer looking out at the Camino

    The Camino is most popular during the spring and summer, but it can really be hiked during any season. Plan accordingly though for weather and hostel closures during the cold months. The following routes are going to be displayed in kilometers.

    1- Camino Frances, the French Way, is 800km long / 65.6% of pilgrims walk 

    The most popular route with an abundance of accommodations, good signage, and many towns along the way. Some sections offer easier, alternative routes.

    2- Camino Portugues, the Portuguese Way, is 620 km long /16.4% of pilgrims walk

    More rural experience, a lot of walking parallel to roads, but alternative routes are in the works. Many hostels are available and trail is well marked.

    3- Camino del Norte , the Northern Way, is 825 km long / 6.1% of pilgrims walk 

    Follows the Northern Coast, more demanding than the Frances, cool weather from ocean. Hostels are not as frequent as on the Frances and are a bit pricey.

    4- Camino Primitivo, the Original Way, is 342 km long / 4.4% pilgrims walk   

    Relatively hard route, a lot of climbing and descending, a fair amount of road walking. More secluded, not as much infrastructure. Heavy rain and cold weather common even during summer.

    5- Camino Ingles, the English Way, is 118 km long / 3.5% of pilgrims walk 

    Traditionally taken by English and Irish pilgrims that arrived by boat. Relatively easy hike through green countryside.

    6- Via de la Plata, Silver Way, is 1000 km long / 3.5% of pilgrims walk 

    The longest Camino de Santiago route spanning the length of Spain. For adventurers, the road less travelled. Difficult hike during spring and summer due to sun exposure, best to hike during autumn.

    -Other routes to consider:

    Camino de Finisterre & Muxia, Camino Aragones,  Le Puy Route, Cami de Sant Jaume, Camino de Madrid, Tunnel Route, Camino del Salvador

    What is a Holy Year?    

    A Holy Year is any year when St. James Day (July 25th) falls on a Sunday. Try to avoid a holy year as the trails will be heavily congested, unless you’re travelling for religious reasons. The next Holy Years will fall on 2021, 2027, and 2032.

    What is a Pilgrim Passport?

    Stamps in a Pilgrim Passport    

    A Pilgrim Passport is a document that identifies a pilgrim as a pilgrim. Pilgrims obtain stamps, or sellos, every day from hostels, restaurants, cafes, bars, etc. to verify the distance walked. It’s necessary to have the passport to be able to sleep in most hostels, or alburgues, and it also makes low-cost pilgrim menus accessible at restaurants and cafes. There are a plethora of stamps that exist on the Camino and it’s fun to see what stamps you and your Camino buddies have acquired.

    If you are walking the Way of St. James, you can pick up your Pilgrim Passport at the Pilgrim’s Office in St. Jean Pied du Port or you can order one from your local chapter. Something to keep in mind, though: prior to April 1, 2016 there were 25 different credentials circulating on the Camino. These credentials were issued from different entities and cost anywhere from €2 - €20. In an attempt to keep the price of credentials down and to ensure validity, there is now only one official passport that will be accepted. This new passport costs only €2.

    It’s also important to note that the last 100 km walked or 200 km cycled must show at least 2 sellos per day to verify you walked/cycled into Santiago. Completing a pilgrimage is a huge accomplishment and the Pilgrim’s Office in Santiago will check those last stamps to ensure you fulfilled the requirement for receiving a certificate.

    Do You Need to Know Spanish?   

    Many pilgrims do not know Spanish. You will hear languages from all over the world, like German, Japanese, Polish, French, Korean, and many others. While it may not be absolutely imperative to know Spanish, the locals will appreciate if you know some key phrases. It’s also good etiquette to greet people; so a little Good morning. How are you? (“Buenos días ¿Cómo está?) will go a long way.  

    Your guidebook will have key phrases that will be essential to everyday life in Spain, such as inquiring where the bathroom is, if the hostel has any beds left, or dietary concerns. So having even a little Spanish under your belt will only benefit you. Oh, and you better get used to hearing and saying “Buen Camino” every day. The phrase literally means “good trail”, but more so it’s a cheer of encouragement to keep walking!

    What's Up with the Scallop Shell?

    Camino Scallop Shell

    The scallop shell stands as the emblem of St. James. There are many theories behind the physical symbolism and the origin. For some, the lines of the shell symbolize different routes in which to reach Santiago. Even though everyone is walking towards the same destination and experience the same external landscape, their means of getting there are different; inside each person is an internal religious, spiritual, or humanist landscape in which they have to simultaneously navigate. It is believed that the rigidity of the shell encompasses that concept.

    As far as origin goes, stories range from the fact that James, himself, was a fisherman to his body getting lost at sea and washing upon the shore undamaged and covered in scallop shells. In the past, though, it has been documented that once a pilgrim reached Santiago, they kept walking to Finisterre (“the end of the world”) and they would retrieve a scallop shell as a souvenir of their pilgrimage.

    At the end of the day though, the scallop serves as a tangible reminder. That no matter where you start, you’re working your way to the center and with every day you are one step closer to accomplishing your goal: Santiago.


              15 Things I Would Do Differently on the Camino de Santiago   

     St. Jean Pied du Port


    I hiked the Camino on a shoestring budget. That means I got my gear used off eBay. My pack didn’t fit my body, and I hated it the whole time I had it.  My shoulders and back ended up paying the price. How much gear you want to carry is completely up to the individual hiker. For me, less is better. I absolutely loved my Osprey Aura 50 Liter pack I had on the Appalachian Trail a few years later. After 6 months of the AT giving it a beating, it’s still going strong! I would hands down bring the Osprey Aura to Spain with me.


    Want to guess where I got my boots? Yep, eBay. Guys! I learned the hard way. They fell apart during my third day in Paris. I tried to repair them and eventually just tossed them. I didn’t budget for the probability of my gear failing, so I ended up purchasing the cheapest tennis shoes I could find.  I absolutely hated them. I threw them away as soon as I got into Santiago. I’ve had a lot of success with Salomon boots since the Camino. If I were going for round two on the Camino, I would go with a trail runner. Salomon Women’s X Mission 3 for the win!



    If you don’t get to a hostel in time or they are at occupancy, it’s always a good idea to have a plan B. Some people will opt to sleep on church steps. Typically this isn’t a problem, but you should always check with someone inside the church or the local authority. Keep in mind that churches older than 1906 belong to the state and are not church property.


    Bed bugs (or “chinches”) are a big concern. Always check your bunk, but pretreating your gear isn’t a bad idea either.

    Bunks at Roncesvalle by Greg Schaefer


    The Camino was my first hike, so I made a majority of my mistakes there. A big mistake I made was not having trekking poles. I’m sorry knees; never again will I forget.


    I’m a very pale person and I didn’t realize how exposed the trail was until I was out there. I eventually picked up a sarong that I draped over my shoulders, ran down my arms, and secured on my wrist with hair ties. Sure, I looked ridiculous, but the sarong served many purposes. It was also hard to find sunscreen with a protection factor over 30.  When I found a SPF 50, I bought it. The price was high, but it was absolutely necessary.  Even with the sarong and the sunscreen, I was tanner than I had ever been in my life.

    For the future I would either bring sunscreen from home and apply it liberally every day or get a shirt like Free Fly’s Bamboo Long Sleeve Shirt that offers UPF 50+ sun protection.  I would also consider a hat and/or a lightweight umbrella.


     A towel is the most important item a Hitchhiker can carry.”
    - Douglas Adams - The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy

    Okay, it might not be the most important item on the Camino, but you better bring one.  Hostels do not provide them. I had one that was cut down, but I really wished that I had a full length towel to wrap around my body.


    You can pay to wash your clothes every day or hand wash them like most of the hikers. Let me tell you, it’s so satisfying to see all the dirt of the day leave your hiking clothes when you hand wash them. Clothes pins are limited or non-existent at hostels. So unless you want to check on your clothes every hour to make sure the wind hasn’t blown them off the line, I would bring a few clothes pins or safety pins.

    Clothes line in Spain by David Franz


    It’s better to have it and not need it than need it and not have it. Long story short, I had to go to the hospital for 4 days because I had a golf ball-sized cyst on my ovaries, dysentery, and pneumonia in both my lungs. No one plans on getting sick, but you can plan for the unexpected. Get travel insurance!


    I didn’t bring a phone on the trail and I really enjoyed being unplugged. Often times, there are computers that you can pay for per minute, but they are slower than dial up. You all remember dial up, right? What a headache. Bring a phone for emergencies!


    Most people don’t have a problem with the water. Considering I got really sick my first go, I think I’ll just bring a Sawyer Filter for peace of mind.


    One of my biggest regrets was not keeping a journal. Details are going to fade from your memory. Do yourself a favor and jot it down. Your future self will thank you.

    David Franz gazing upon a Spanish town


    Why did I not eat the octopus in Galicia?! You’ll see octopus (or “pulpo”) on every menu when you’re near Santiago. It’s a local delicacy. Do as the Spaniards do and eat the pulpo!


    The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela has one of the largest swinging incense burners in the world. It really is a magnificent sight to see. It swings through the aisles all the way up to the ceiling. Once it starts swinging, you’ll witness a sea of cameras come up from the pews. I’m guilty of being one of those people snapping away at the camera.

    After I left the church, I felt a little ashamed. To a lot of people this is the end of a very spiritual journey. Next time I’ll refrain and just be in the moment more and have one less camera snapping away while people are trying to reflect on what this journey meant to them.


    I encourage every person to plan on an extra week of hiking past Santiago. The Camino Finisterre takes you straight to the ocean, the “End of the World.” You can then continue north up to Muxia and the Costa da Morte (“The Coast of Death”). The Costa da Morte boasts some of the most beautiful coastline in Spain. Not a shabby way to end an epic trip!

     David Franz at the End of the World

    Part 2 of a series. Part 1 can be found here.

              I Chose the Camino   

    A peregrino hiking into town.

    I dreamed of the Camino de Santiago for years. There were so many things that drew me to this trail: the culture, the language, the hiking. Oh, and it’s in Spain!

    I’m just slightly obsessed with Spain.

    I held off for years, telling myself that there were numerous reasons  why I couldn’t do it. I didn’t have the experience. I’ve never traveled overseas by myself. Hiking 500 miles was an absurd idea; I don’t think I had hiked over a mile at this point. Also, let’s face it, I was a college student. I could never save up for it. Basically, I allowed anything to intimidate me. I was setting limits.

    One night, the University of Alabama in Birmingham had a private showing of the documentary “Six Ways to Santiago: Walking the Camino.” I had to go, because I’m obsessed with everything Spain, remember? Not going wasn’t an option. The whole time the film rolled on, I was so enthralled by every cultural shock that hiking the Camino offered. Once the film  ended, though, I felt as if I was handed something so beautiful, just to have it taken away from me. I was left with that residual feeling of pseudo-hiking the Camino. That didn’t sit well with me.

    I needed more.

    I remember that night so vividly. After I purchased the John Brierley guidebook in the reception hall, I was greeted by the cool, crisp air of that October night. I stood there outside the Alys Stephens Center staring down at the guidebook, staring down at the lone hiker photographed on the cover, who was in mid-stride on a winding dirt road through Spanish farm land. I looked back up and tuned into everyone else’s conversation. People were discussing their own aspirations of hiking this trail.

    I knew in my heart that a vast majority of these people were not going to hike the Camino. Just like me, they had set limits. They had jobs, they had children, they couldn’t just leave for a month to go hike. I was 23 years old at the time, and I remember thinking to myself that I could make a life decision right then and there:


    I could continue to live a life of dreaming and not pursuing.


    I could do everything in my power to make this a reality--to live a life without regret.


    For it to be a reality, it couldn’t be something I fit into some 5-year plan. That’s too much time for “life” to get in the way. I needed to make this happen in the next hiking season. If I wanted to hike the “Way of St. James” (the main trail on the Camino de Santiago), I would have to start in May to avoid a majority of the congestion.

    But could I make that trip happen in 7 months?

    I had no money in my savings account. I was a full-time student. All of my money went to bills. There were even some days where I had no idea how I was going to eat. The struggle was so real.  It seemed as if everything was working against me. There I was again though, setting limits….

    If this decision was in any way going to foreshadow my future decisions and ultimately affect how happy I could be, I knew that I needed to make the right choice.

    So I chose the Camino.

    I did what I had to do to make it happen. I biked everywhere to save money on gas. I picked up extra shifts and studied for school when the restaurant wasn’t busy. I would order the biggest sandwich on the employee menu at work and stretch it for two meals. I didn’t go out a lot before that decision, but I completely stopped going out in an attempt to save every single penny. I think I may have pawned a few possessions as well.

    In February, I had the money for a round trip plane ticket. I entered in all of the necessary information on the airline’s website. As I sat there at my desk with my finger hovering over the “Enter” button,  I thought to myself:

    “If I hit this button, there’s no turning back. You’re going to hike the Camino.”

    A smile stretched across my face and I hit that “Enter” button. It was going to happen. After years, it was finally going to happen.

     A Camino Waymark.

    I brought every penny with me. I spent my last dollar in Spain the last day I was there. I had never experienced anything like this in my entire life. I experienced raw, unconditional happiness.

    I came back home without a penny to my name and no regrets to speak of.

    If I can dispense any advice, it would be to chase after your dreams, no matter what.

    Remember: don’t set limits, set goals.

    Tyler in a field of poppy flowers along the Camino.

    Part 1 of a series. Part 2 can be found here.

    To read other’s stories on how they chose the Camino, check out: http://porqueperegrino.com/



              Routes to Russia 2018 revealed at Preliminary Draw    
    The Preliminary Draw for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ has taken place at St Petersburg's Konstantin Palace, with Spain-Italy just one of hundreds of tantalising qualifiers left in store. 
              A Little Texas is Good for You   

     I posted this Blog a year and a half ago, but Jamie, of Ft Worth, asked me to post it again. Okay, Jamie, this one's for you:

    As many of you know, I have a slight love affair with Texas. I lived there for 8 years and spent a lot of time learning its history and exploring the state from the west Texas plains to the beaches of Padre Island and from the Red River to Galveston. I even spent one 14-day vacation just driving around the state and managed to put two thousand miles on the odometer in the process. I learned line dancing, wore Stetsons (don’t you dare call it a “Cowboy Hat”) and even spent weekends riding in the back country and sleeping in bedrolls (worried to death about rattlesnakes, scorpions and Gila Monsters). At a picnic in Waco, Texas one sunny Sunday, I was thrown into the river and declared a “naturalized Texan” because I had been “Baptized in the Brazos.

    I had an email the other day from a friend who had been in Texas on business and he noticed that they fly the Texas State Flag everywhere. This blog is kind of an explanation about why that is.

    Texans are proud of their flag, and most of all, proud of their state. The modern Texas flag is distinct, and is flown as a symbol of the unique history of the state. I think it is more common in Texas for the state flag to be given its own pole than in other states, where the state flag is often just flown under the US flag, on the same pole.

    Most people believe that six flags have flown over Texas, primarily because of the popular theme park. The six flags that are commonly counted are the sovereign national flags of Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederate States of America, and the United States of America. However, it should be noted that there were a number of different flags that flew over Texas in the revolutionary period, and the formative years of the Republic. Some were quasi-official, i.e. commissioned by some governing body or convention, and some were thrown together by bands or groups of soldiers to serve as a battle banner.

    Six Sovereign Nation Flags Which have Flown Over Texas
    Spain, France, Mexico, Texas, Confederate and United States

    In Addition to these well-known National flags, Texans rallied around a variety of flags. As you consider these flags, notice how each expresses a key "message" that Texas was trying to deliver. These messages were being sent to the People of Texas, Santa Anna, and the rest of the world. Notice the defiant and combative themes in many of these flags.

    By the mid-1830's, the idea of independence from Mexico was gaining wide spread support in Texas. This growing theme became a movement, and its followers were known as independence radicals. Captain Scott was one of the independence radicals. These men were against negotiation, dialog, and delay . . . they supported an immediate declaration of Independence from Mexico. Scott had this flag made, which prominently featured his answer to the issues in Texas at the time; INDEPENDENCE. He realized that independence meant war, and he was ready for the fight. Captain Scott and his company of 30 men reported to San Felipe, the capital of Austin's colony, and they were deployed to Goliad. Colonel James Fannin and his men were also at Goliad at the time. Texas did Declare its Independence on March 2, 1836. Fannin, and all his men perished at the Massacre of Goliad, on March 27, 1836. Note that this is a very early flag featuring a "Lone Star".

    Representatives of the 13 settlements in Texas met at San Felipe de Austin, the headquarters of Austin's colony, in November of 1835 to form a provisional government. The council stopped short of declaring independence from Mexico, but instead, they declared allegiance to the 1824 Mexican Constitution. This was a wise move intended to clearly express their desire for basic rights, but at the same time, hopefully, avoid war, for which many felt they were unprepared. They were willing to remain part of Mexico as long as they enjoyed the rights of the 1824 constitution. To make people aware of Santa Anna's disregard for the constitution, and their support for it, this variation of the Mexican flag was made. The Mexican emblem in the center of the flag was replaced by the date "1824". This flag sent a clear and strong message to Santa Anna. The flag was a bold act of defiance against the Mexican dictator. This was the flag which flew over the Texans at the Battle of the Alamo. While the flag sent a defiant message to Santa Anna, it was relatively conciliatory to Mexico in general, in that it was expressing support of the constitution, and it had no "Lone Star".

    The defiant spirit of the Texans was capturing the imagination of many of the people in the United States. Joanna Troutman, an 18 year old girl from Macon Georgia made this flag for a group of Georgians who were going to Texas to support the Texas Independence movement. While it was not made by a Texan, it clearly captured the spirit of the Texans, and their willingness to die for the cause. This flag was raised when the Georgians arrived at Velasco. It was an inspirational symbol in the desperate time between the Battle of the Alamo and the victory at San Jacinto. Joanna Troutman is remembered as a hero to this day. She died on July 23, 1879, and her portrait hangs in the state capitol. This flag captures a theme of the American Revolution... Victory or Death, which had been made famous in a speech by Patrick Henry.

    The first Constitutional Convention Declared Texas' Independence from Mexico, wrote the first Republic of Texas Constitution, and appointed its first leaders. During the session, they also designed and approved a flag for the new republic. This flag would be considered the first "official" flag of the Republic of Texas. This flag, again, is a symbol of defiance. It shows a lone star, labeled "Texas", just in case anyone wondered what the lone star represented. A committee of five delegates, all signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence, was selected, and their choice for a new flag was approved by the convention on May 11th, 1836. The design of the flag also served as the reverse side of the new Republic of Texas Currency.

    Perhaps no flag was more defiant than this one, showing a cannon, and the challenge, "Come and Take It". In late September, 1835, the Mexican garrison at San Antonio, sent a few men to Gonzales to recover a cannon that had been loaned to the town. The citizens of Gonzales denied the request. The Mexicans sent dragoons under Captain Francisco Castaneda to demand the cannon be returned. As word of the conflict spread, a group of 200 armed Texans was formed. Two women in Gonzales, Cynthia Burns and Evaline DeWitt, painted this flag on cotton cloth, depicting the cannon, the Texas Lone Star and a clear taunt to the Mexicans. The Mexican troops moved north to Gonzales. The Texans decided that they had to attack before the Mexican force grew larger and stronger. They crossed the river that evening, formed their battle lines and surprised the Mexicans at dawn on October 2nd, 1835. The battle that day was short; when the Texans opened fire, the Mexicans withdrew.

    This flag, perhaps better than anything else, captures the defiant, independent spirit of Texans that exists to this day.

    In November of 1835 the General Council of Texas commissioned the Republic of Texas Navy. The first ships in the Texas Navy were the Independence, Brutus, Liberty and Invincible. The flag of the Texas Navy was created by Charles Hawkins, who was later appointed as the first Commodore of the Navy. The Navy participated in a failed expedition to capture Tampico. The expedition was outfitted in New Orleans. Mexia, the leader, tricked a number of men in the city to join the expedition, telling them that they would be taken to Texas, and would become emigrants there. They were not told the real objective was to engage in a battle to capture Tampico. The expedition was successful in capturing a fort on the beach, but the anticipated popular uprising among the Mexicans did not develop, and the small force was quickly captured. While Mexia and Hawkins managed to escape, the remainder of the men were captured and executed.

    The first Lone Star Flag of Texas Texas created by Sarah Dodson for her husband Archelaus, a member of the Texas Volunteers. Archelaus's company marched under the Dodson Flag to San Antonio, and they fought under this flag during the siege of San Antonio and the Texan's re-capture of the Alamo.

    In December of 1836 the new Texas Government approved the recommendation of David Burnett (Texas President) for a new design for the "National Flag" of Texas. The flag was inspired by the 1810 Bonnie Blue Flag of West Florida. Some flags were made with gold stars, while other variants had white stars. Little consideration was given to the previous National Flag design which had been adopted eight months earlier. This flag did not carry the defiant messages of the earlier flags, and represents the theme of Texas as a independent nation, and getting on with the business of building the country. On March 3rd, 1837, the Republic of Texas, under this flag, was recognized by the United States as an independent nation.

    With Santa Anna's surrender, Texas gained its independence, and became a sovereign nation. With this new found independence, it was logical to create a better flag. In 1839 the flag that we now associate with Texas was designed and approved. The flag maintained its lone star, and serves as a banner and symbol for state to this day.

    Live Long and Prosper....

              Germany beat Spain to win U21 Euro final   
    Germany win their second European Under-21 Championship with victory over four-time champions Spain in Poland.
               Germany Under 21s 1-0 Spain Under 21s: Match report    
    Germany Under 21s were crowned champions of Europe after a 1-0 victory over Spain in Krakow, courtesy of Mitchell Weiser's headed winner five minutes before the interval.
              Eye Candy from a Famous Spanish Designer by Susan Harris   
    In my 40+ years in the DC area, I’ve been invited to very few embassy functions. It was thanks to my garden writing that the Embassy of Spain invited me to a recent event at Dumbarton Oaks – so right there, count me IN, almost no matter the topic. But it gets better because the event […]
              First And Only Snippet Tax Deal In Spain Is With Big Supporter Of Snippet Tax In Germany   

    Two years ago, Techdirt wrote about an industry study of Spain's "Google tax", which requires a Web site to pay for sending traffic to publishers when it quotes snippets of their texts. Just as everyone who actually understands the Internet predicted, Spain's new law had a disastrous effect on the publishing industry there, especially on smaller companies. Despite that unequivocal evidence, the law is still in place, and it's a further sign of how pointless it is that only now has the Spanish Center for Reprographic Rights (Cedro) finally managed to sign up its first deal with a news aggregator, called Upday (original in Spanish). Cedro is claiming that this "pioneering" move possesses a "strategic importance" because it recognizes the rights of those whose publications appear elsewhere as snippets.

    The fact that it has taken so long to find anyone willing to accept that point is bad enough, but it gets worse. Upday operates across Europe, and was launched in Spain at the beginning of March this year. It turns out to be a partnership between Axel Springer and Samsung. As Techdirt readers may recall, the giant publishing group Axel Springer is one of the biggest supporters of the Google tax in Germany. Initially, it tried to take a hard line against the US search company. But Axel Springer was soon forced to back down humiliatingly and offer Google a free license to post snippets from its publications. A two-week experiment without search engine leads caused Web traffic to Axel Springer's sites to plunge.

    So, far from being a "pioneering" move that validates the whole snippet tax approach in Spain, Upday's deal with Cedro is simply a key German supporter of this daft idea trying to give the impression that the moribund Spanish Google tax is still twitching somewhat. It's pretty clear why Axel Springer and Cedro would be keen to do that now, after years of nothing happening in Spain. The European Union is currently revising the main EU Copyright Directive. Article 11 of the proposed text is an EU-wide version of the snippet tax, despite the fact that the idea has failed miserably everywhere that it has been tried. The agreement between Upday and Cedro will presumably be used as "evidence" that the Google tax is "working" in Spain. The fact that it is a "circular" deal between German and Spanish supporters of the idea proves the exact contrary.

    Follow me @glynmoody on Twitter or identi.ca, and +glynmoody on Google+

    Permalink | Comments | Email This Story

              Motor racing-Rallying Poland leg 1 classification   
    June 30 (Gracenote) - Leg 1 Classification from the Rally of Poland on Friday 1. Thierry Neuville (Belgium) Hyundai 56:21.200 2. Ott Taenak (Estonia) Ford +00:01.300 3. Jari-Matti Latvala (Finland) Toyota 00:06.600 4. Sebastien Ogier (France) Ford 00:35.100 5. Hayden Paddon (New Zealand) Hyundai 00:39.600 6. Daniel Sordo (Spain) Hyundai 00:51.700 7. Teemu Suninen (Finland) Ford 01:11.000 8. Juho Haenninen (Finland) Toyota

              BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

    How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

    All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

    As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

    Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

    The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

    To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com

    Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

    United States:

    Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.


    Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.

              Crisis in the Spanish Newspaper Industry   
    Decline of Newspapers in Spain A Crisis on Spanish Newspaper Article The first five months of the year have been very bad for the traditional newspapers. Even worse than expected. The impressions collected among the editors of the sector reflect that the feelings are very negative and that the prospects for what is left of … Continuar leyendo "Crisis in the Spanish Newspaper Industry"
              How To Learn Spanish Fast Speak Spanish Fluently in 2 Months   
    How To Learn Spanish Fast Spanish Language Lessons That Help You Speak Spanish in 2 Months

    Spanish a very beautiful language and increasingly has become widely popular and important around the world. It is as important and widely spoken as English and French, that is why a lot of people want to know how to learn Spanish fast.

    Some people need to learn it for work reasons. They may be traveling for business to Mexico or South America or perhaps Spain. They may be taking it in high school or college and they need to improve their grades or simply, some people may just want to learn to travel or to be able to speak another language.

    There are several ways to learn Spanish Fast. You can go to an intensive course to an established school like Berlitz. You can hire a private tutor to come to your office or home and help you. Or you may purchase a course that you can use on your own time, using your computer, like Rosetta Stone or Rocket Spanish.

    Computer courses are a great way for people who want to know how to learn Spanish fast. Typically, you can be conversational in Spanish in about 2 months if you follow the lesson plan as instructed and apply yourself.

    These courses typically include interactive audio lessons, a grammar and vocabulary workbook, access to online communities where you can exchange ideas with people following the same course as you and online or telephone support.

    Remember, how to learn Spanish fast has to do with getting the right tools and having the desire and the discipline to sit down and study. If you do, you will be able to speak any language that you want in a short amount of time.

    How To Learn Spanish Fast Speak Spanish Fluently in 2 Months
              Learn Spanish Like Crazy - Habla Espanol Fast   
    Learn Spanish Like Crazy How To Learn Spanish Fast

    In the past 10 years, the Spanish language has become a widely spoken and highly popular and important language around the world. Nowadays is just as important and popular as English an French.

    That is why a lot of people want to learn Spanish like crazy and they want to learn fast. They may need to travel to Mexico or Central or South America for business or like an exchange student. Maybe they are going to a summer trip to Spain and they want to be able to carry on a conversation.

    Whatever the reason, people have several options to learn Spanish. They can go to an established school or hire a private tutor. These are great options for people with a big budget and the time to set aside for Spanish lessons.

    There are also computer lessons that you can do at home or office and on your own time. These are great for people with less money to spend or time to attend regular classes. Other advantages is that you move at your own pace and until you have really assimilated what is being taught.

    These courses can be a series of CDs or a download to your computer and they typically consist of interactive audio lessons to make sure that you are pronouncing the words and phrases correctly and to train your ear to listen to a new language. They also include a grammar and vocabulary book, online support and online communities where you can exchange ideas with other people studying the same lessons you are and that want to learn Spanish like crazy just like you.

    Learn Spanish Like Crazy - Habla Espanol Fast
              Could anyone end the Big 4's title streak?   

    FILE - In this file photo dated Friday, June 9, 2017, Britain's Andy Murray in action against Switzerland's Stan Wawrinka during their semifinal match of the French Open tennis tournament at the Roland Garros stadium, in ... . Rafael Nadal of Spain serves a ball during a training session, at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships in Wimbledon, London, Thursday, June 29, 2017.

              Trackfiles Episode 35 - October 29, 2011   

    In this episode, a BC cacher gets an award, a new children's book on caching, the CBC goes caching and a town's caching promo video. This plus a YouTube video featuring caching and NASCAR, upcoming events and Podcast Rewind.
    Visit show sponsor Landsharkz.
    Links in Show:
    CBC.ca - The Afternoon Edition - Who's up for Geocaching?
    RightCoast: "Geocaching" For The Town Of Ocean City, Maryland
    Rock Hill teacher writes children's book on geocaching - CharlotteObserver.com
    Ben and the Geocache Treasure by Heather Gregory
    Announcing the October "Featured Geocacher of the Month" - Latitude 47
    GC34JP6 Come and Join us (again)!! (Event Cache) in Islas Canarias, Spain created by The Creepy Crawlies
    GC342RN Firework Flash Mob (Event Cache) in Southern England, United Kingdom created by Saw67
    GC36ABF Don't Be Early (Event Cache) in Alabama, United States created by just B0B
    GC35QH6 Arkansas meets Missouri (Event Cache) in Missouri, United States created by woodwalker9 and mathseeker
    GC3573R KACHE 4 (Event Cache) in Ontario, Canada created by Kilroy returns, Bluesaway & KBHalf
    Geocaching Podcast
              Kommentar zu 1967: The Making of „Nefertiti“ Mit Karl Lippegaus von portfuzzle   
    "In a Silent Way" finde ich nicht so toll. Da sind mir deine genannten lieber. Aber das ist ja so eine Sache bei Miles Davis. Was ist mit den Aufnahmen mit Gil Evans ? "Porgy and Bess" "Quiet Nights" oder gar "Sketches of Spain". Wo fängt man da an ? Was ist wichtiger ? Für mich werden diese Produktion mit Gil Evans immer bedeutender. Bei diesen Output von Miles und den ganzen was jetzt noch veröffentlicht wird. Worauf dann der Focus liegt, ist eher eine Sache des Hörers. Und sein Werdegang ist ohne zweifel ohne Beispiel ! Und was wird nicht alles ausgegraben werden .... Von Miles Davis wurde nach seinen Tod mehr veröffentlicht, als zu Lebzeiten !
              Yet Another Ransomware Threatens The World   


    Just over a month ago, WannaCry ransomware struck a massive blow that circled the globe. Now, as the dust has barely settled from its cyber attack, a new threat from Petya has appeared on the horizon.

    Ransomware, a new criminal venture born in this century, invades and takes over computer systems. The owner/controller of a hijacked system is told they must pay the perpetrator, usually in bit coin, a type of digital currency, to regain control of their systems. Businesses and governments, who rely heavily on computerized systems today, are the usual targets of the crime.

    It was originally thought that this was a phenomenon limited to the Ukraine, but incidents have been reported in other countries, including France, Spain, Russia, and India. The threat goes well beyond the borders of these countries as more and more of those in positions of power find they cannot access their computers.

              BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

    How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

    All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

    As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

    Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

    The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

    To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com

    Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

    United States:

    Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.


    Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.

              Keeping up with Kendall and Kylie Jenner's scandals: A timeline    

    It hasn’t been the greatest week for Kendall and Kylie Jenner. The sisters came under fire after they released a line of controversial “vintage” tees that featured their own faces and logos superimposed over images of noted music legends, including Notorious B.I.G. and Tupac.

    Unfortunately for the Keeping Up With the Kardashians stars, this isn’t the first time they’ve made a faux pas that’s sparked outrage and drawn the ire of Twitter — in fact, it’s not even the second or third time.

    Here’s a timeline of the Jenner sisters’ most notable controversies so far.

    November 2013: Kendall’s racy Instagram

    Despite a modeling career that started in her early teen years and often saw her in bikinis, Kendall raised eyebrows when she posted a photo to her Instagram account wearing a sheer fishnet top that exposed her nipples just weeks after she turned 18. The black and white photo has since been deleted from the model’s account but can be found in color on the photographer Russell James’ account.

    February 2014: Marc Jacobs Runway Show

    It was mere months later when the elder Jenner sister once more got flak for going topless. She walked the catwalk for Marc Jacobs’ fall collection in February 2014 dressed in another see-through shirt. When critics laid in on Twitter, big sister Khloé Kardashian praised her younger sibling, writing on Instagram, “My baby sister killed it today walking in the Marc Jacobs fashion show!!! Kenny you are so dope to me!!! Congrats my baby!!! #NYFW#MarcJacobs#ProudSis.” She also tweeted, “She’s too dope for you 2 understand! Yall would trade places with her in a second! The hate is real! Lol bye haters! #ModelLife #Simple.”

    August 2014: Texting during Michael Brown tribute

    At the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards, Kendall, Kylie, and big sister Kim Kardashian came under fire for appearing to text and chat during a moment of silence to honor the life and recognize the death of Michael Brown. After rapper Common asked for the audience to pay its respects to the teenage victim of a police shooting in Ferguson, Missouri, the ladies were photographed using their phones and talking to each other. Twitter didn’t hold back.

    April 2015: Kylie accused of wearing blackface makeup

    Kylie posted a photo to her Instagram account in which she appeared to be wearing blackface makeup. After a slew of online comments criticizing the teen’s appearance, Kylie posted a follow-up photo addressing the controversy in the caption by pointing out that the photo achieved its appearance through lighting and not makeup. “This is a black light and neon lights people lets all calm down,” she wrote.

    April 2015: #KylieJennerChallenge

    When Kylie appeared on the scene with much fuller lips at age 17, young teenage fans wanted a piece of the action. Girls began using shot glasses and suction to inflame their lips to emulate their Jenner idol, recording and sharing on social media the results — and often times, injuries. Despite Kylie condemning the dangerous practice, she was blamed for starting the craze. In May of that year, Kylie revealed that she used “temporary fillers” to achieve her plumped-up lips.

    July 2015: Kylie wears cornrows

    The accusations of cultural appropriation continued when Kylie shared a photo showing her wearing her hair in cornrows. In the comments, Everything, Everything actress Amandla Stenberg allegedly accused Kylie of appropriating black features and not recognizing the history associated with the hairstyle.

    November 2016: Kylie’s relationship with Tyga

    For her boyfriend Tyga’s 27th birthday, Kylie threw him a party (fair) and also shared some pics on Instagram in which she is topless and sitting astride him to celebrate. Some fans loved the display of affection, while others pointed to the nearly 10-year age gap between the two and found it inappropriate. (Kylie was 17 and the rapper was 24 when they began appearing in social media images together.) The couple is used to the haters, though. Since the relationship’s inception, there’s been outcry over its tangled beginnings: Tyga previously dated, was engaged to, and had a child with Blac Chyna, who, after their separation, then went on to date, get engaged to, and have a baby with Kylie’s half-brother Rob Kardashian. They are now separated.

    October 2016: Kendall the ballerina

    Landing the cover of Vogue Spain should’ve been a reason to celebrate, but unfortunately for Kendall, it was another moment that generated negative feedback. In the shoot, the model was dressed and made up as a ballerina. In anticipation of the cover release, Kendall posted an Instagram video in which she twirls and frolics in a tutu. Cue the backlash. Commenters in the dance community came out in force to criticize the magazine for picking a non-trained dancer for the shoot. Kendall didn’t take it lying down and responded on her blog: “It’s so funny that people are getting pregnant and married — or having crazy drama — but my drama is ballerinas being upset at me! With my Vogue Spain shoot, I didn’t even know I was going to be a ballerina until I went into hair and makeup. I never said I knew ballet and I didn’t practice beforehand. I just show up to do my job!”

    April 2017: Kendall’s Pepsi campaign

    In April, Kendall became the star of a Pepsi commercial and a massive scandal that came along with it. The ad featured the 21-year-old easing the tensions of a political protest by handing can of the soda to a police officer. The commercial was widely criticized for being tone deaf and trivializing movements like Black Lives Matter. Due to the backlash, the spot was pulled just one day after it was released.

    April 2017: Fyre Festival promotion

    April certainly wasn’t the best month for Kendall. She once again faced backlash after promoting the not-so-glamorous Fyre Festival and encouraging fans to splurge their cash for a weekend ticket. When festival-goers arrived on a private island in the Bahamas, they found they’d been duped. The luxury experience was far from what they expected, and Kendall and other models took some heat for their involvement.

    May 2017: Kendall’s Vogue India cover

    Another Vogue shoot, another reason to get mad. In the spring of this year, Kendall graced the cover of Vogue India. However, the May issue’s release found people upset that a non-Indian model was taking the coveted spot. The publication defended its actions on social media, writing, “In the last 10 years, Vogue India has had only 12 international covers, including Kendall Jenner, in 2017. Therefore, statistically, 90 percent of our covers are Indian! And we are proud of that.” The publication added: “India has given the world so many beautiful faces to admire. After all, we are Vogue, an international brand, and we want to give the love back by featuring some of the best international celebrities on our covers. Occasionally! :)”

    June 2017: “Vintage” music T-shirts

    When the sisters launched a new line of “Rap vs. Rock” fashion tees as part of their Kendall + Kylie collection, they were immediately reprimanded online for lack of sensitivity and tact. The shirts use images of their favorite musicians, such as Metallica, Led Zeppelin, and Pink Floyd, with their own faces superimposed over them. Two of the more talked-about T-shirts feature the faces of the late Tupac and Notorious B.I.G. Even Biggie’s mom got involved, calling the concept “disgusting” and “disrespectful” as his estate sent a cease-and-desist letter. The sisters later posted an apology: “These designs were not well thought out and we deeply apologize to anyone that has been upset and/or offended, especially to the families of the artists,” they wrote. “We are huge fans of their music and it was not our intention to disrespect these cultural icons in anyway. The tee shirts have been pulled from retail and all images have been removed. We will use this as an opportunity to learn from theses mistakes, and again we are very sorry.”

              Germany wins European U21 title with 1-0 win over Spain   
    KRAKOW, Poland (AP) — Midfielder Mitchell Weiser scored the winning goal as Germany beat high-scoring Spain 1-0 to win the Under-21 European Championship on Friday.
              International Bestsellers, June 2017   
    Every month, Publishing Trends runs fiction international bestsellers lists from four territories–France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. This month, our four regular territories are joined by two more: Portugal and South Korea. Those books that have been published in English are listed with their official English-language title. All others are translated as literally as possible from...Continue Reading
              Re: Confederate Group Promises 'Swarthy Convict' Cellmate for Those Removing Statues   
    @john spain

    Add? You mean doing the exact opposite of what anti-american propagandists did when they defied NBF's last will and testament and subtracted his bones from Elmwood, NBF's rightfully historical burial site?
    Posted by FUNKbrs
              Re: Confederate Group Promises 'Swarthy Convict' Cellmate for Those Removing Statues   
    JRGOLDEN, this is precisely the kind of thing I have been advocating in the circles I travel. ADD to the history, ADD context, ADD interpretation, don't take it away.
    Posted by John Spain
              For sale - Champion Ferrari P3 Race Car Yellow 1/64 France - $14   

    San Jose CA, United States
    This is a vintage Champion Ferrari P3 Race Car. Roughly 1/64 scale. Car is yellow and is in C9.5 condition. Very nice Porsche piece. Comes from my good friend's personal collection, he bought these when they were new! Made in Spain.I buy toy collections!!! I have been collecting toys for over 30 years and no ...

              Germany's U-21 triumph not an upset   
    The FC crew react to Germany's triumph over a favoured Spain side in the European Under-21 Championship.
              UEFA U21 C'ship final Germany U21 Vs Spain U21   
    UEFA European Under-21 Championship final chu zanin dar 12:15 hian Krakow Stadium, Poland-ah khelh a ni dawn.
              Anzejs Pasecniks To Play Next Season In Spain   
    Sixers first-round pick Anzejs Pasecniks will remain with his Spanish team next season, according to Emiliano Carchia of Sportando. Pasecniks may ultimately be the only first-rounder from the 2017 draft who doesn’t sign with his new NBA team this summer. Pasecniks, a 21-year-old Latvian center, has committed to another year with CB Gran Canaria, where he […]
              Europe Forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 10:13   

    Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

    Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.

              Almanya U21 1-0 İspanya U21 (EURO U-21 – FINAL) maç özeti | 30-06-2017   
    Germany U21 1-0 Spain U21 (EURO U-21 – FINAL) maç özeti ve gollerini alttaki videoda izleyebilirsiniz. 30-06-2017 tarihinde U 21 mücadelesinde oynanan maç Germany U21 1-0 Spain U21 (EURO U-21 – FINAL) olarak sona erdi. U 21 maç özetlerini her zaman sitemizde izleyebilirsiniz.
              Submission - Michel Houellebecq (2015)   

    French writer Michel Houellebecq is a true enfant terrible, offending with each novel and his frequent inflammatory comments. Although his work has been praised widely it has also attracted its share of negative criticism, with accusations of sexism, racism and just about every other kind of ism you can think of (including jism? - undoubtedly....) In 2002 he stirred up trouble by referring to Islam as “the dumbest religion” and was subsequently tried and then acquitted of inciting racial hatred, with Houellebecq successfully arguing that he was critiquing the religion and not Muslims themselves. Aside from all the controversy Houellebecq is a clever and accomplished writer; the other book of his I’ve read, Atomized (1998), was an excellent, if bleak, existential satire on the fragmentation of the family unit. Submission finds Houellebecq tackling the question of Islam once more, but unexpectedly the novel is a spot on critique of Western culture, rather than Islam.

    Submission is set in the year 2022, in which a moderate French Muslim political party becomes the logical middle path between opposing parties and takes power. Looking on is dissolute middle aged academic Francois, an expert on French writer Charles Marie Georges Huysmans, famous for his 1844 novel A Rebours (Against Nature), which defined the then burgeoning decadent literary movement (Huysmans importance here is significant, unfortunately requiring a long essay in itself, something I’m far to dissolute to even bother about...). It is very clear from the outset that Francois personifies the soulless secular Western world weakened by rampant capitalism and superficiality that Houellebecq is satirizing. Francois describes himself as being “...as political as a bath towel” and although he ironically states that election night TV is his second favourite show, it doesn’t stop him from changing the channel to watch a reality TV show about obesity. Francois’ life oozes both pathos and bathos as he contemplates middle-age turning into an old age plagued by illness, regret and loneliness.

    Submission, although it explores important themes, is not particularly realistic;  rather Houellebecq uses its deceptively simple, almost cartoonish premise, as a means to both satirize superficial Western culture and perhaps more pertinently, to reveal a deeper historical truth. When Francois leaves Paris as the elections are being decided he travels to Rocamadour, a medieval town in the south of France, to see the statue of the Black Virgin, one of France’s most important Christian artifacts. Francois reflects that French kings and medieval warriors knelt to pray before the Black Virgin before defending Christian France, and consequently Europe itself, against the invading Muslim forces from Spain. Before he visits the Black Virgin Francois takes some time to look out over the valleys and hills around the town, reflecting that this region was where Cro-Magnon humans displaced Neanderthals into Spain, where they would eventually become extinct. The simple truth Houellebecq hints at here is that ultimately existence is a struggle for survival and consequently peoples, nations and cultures can easily and perhaps inevitably be usurped and swept away by those that are more united and adaptable. France is no longer united behind Christianity and is instead a culture in the thrall of the gaudy pleasures and pain of capitalism and, by extension, secularism.

    Submission certainly has its flaws; it’s uneven, with sections that are ultimately boring, in particular those dealing with French politics. The novel is written in Houellebecq’s typically flat style that engenders a palpable sense of bleakness within the reader. The novel also features his usual explicit sex scenes, in this case used as a means to illustrate Francois general middle-aged ennui. Submission is also perhaps too simplistic, with no significant female characters and a French society that totally capitulates to a radical change of circumstances. Despite this Submission succeeds because it defies readers’ preconceptions and instead stands as an intriguing and mostly entertaining thought experiment that explores the uncomfortable notion that France is ripe for the picking, and potentially the rest of the Western world.

              Στοίχημα: Κερδίζει η Ισπανία U21   

    Στοίχημα: Κερδίζει η Ισπανία U21

    Μετά από μία πολύ έντονη Πέμπτη, οι ρυθμοί "πέφτουν" στο στοιχηματικό πρόγραμμα της Παρασκευής. Ξεχωρίζει ο τελικός του Ευρωπαϊκού Πρωταθλήματος U21 ανάμεσα στη Γερμανία και την Ισπανία, ενώ θα μας απασχολήσουν δύο ακόμη παιχνίδια, από Ιρλανδία και Βραζιλία. Πριν περάσουμε στην ανάλυση των προτάσεων, μην ξεχνάτε ότι στο Betarades.gr μπορείτε, μεταξύ άλλων, να βρίσκετε όλους τους αγώνες της ημέρας στην κατηγορία "κουπόνι στοίχημα".
    Το "σηκώνουν" οι Ισπανοί
    Ξεκινάμε από τον τελικό του Euro U21, Γερμανία - Ισπανία. Τα "πάντσερ" ξεκίνησαν τις υποχρεώσεις τους στην τελική φάση της διοργάνωσης με δύο νίκες απέναντι σε Τσεχία και Δανία, αμφότερες με 2-0. Την 3η αγωνιστική των ομίλων ηττήθηκαν 1-0 από την Ιταλία, παρόλα αυτά εξασφάλισαν την πρόκριση στα ημιτελικά, εκεί όπου χρειάστηκαν τη διαδικασία των πέναλτι για να αποκλείσουν την Αγγλία. Οι Ίβηρες, από την πλευρά τους, στα τέσσερα παιχνίδια που έχουν δώσει μέχρι στιγμής στο τουρνουά όχι μόνο παραμένουν αήττητοι, αλλά έχουν πανηγυρίσει ισάριθμες νίκες. Συγκεκριμένα, επιβλήθηκαν 5-0 της ΠΓΔΜ, 3-1 της Πορτογαλίας, 1-0 της Σερβίας, ενώ στα ημιτελικά υπέταξαν την Ιταλία με 3-1. Η Ισπανία είναι η κορυφαία ομάδα της διοργάνωσης και θεωρούμε ότι θα το αποδείξει και σήμερα. Θα επιλέξουμε το "διπλό", σε απόδοση 1.92.
    Νίκη για Σεντ Πάτρικς
    Συνεχίζουμε με πρωτάθλημα Ιρλανδίας και τον αγώνα Σεντ Πάτρικς - Γκάλγουεϊ Γιουνάιτεντ. Στις δύο τελευταίες θέσεις της βαθμολογίας φιγουράρουν οι δύο ομάδες, έχοντας μόλις έναν πόντο διαφορά. Η Σεντ Πάτρικς δείχνει σε ελαφρώς καλύτερη κατάσταση, προέρχεται από την εκτός έδρας ισοπαλία 2-2 με τη Λίμερικ και στα τρία τελευταία παιχνίδια της έχε συγκεντρώσει δύο βαθμούς. Αντίθετα, η Γκάλγουεϊ μακριά από το γήπεδό της δεν έχει νίκη κατά τη διάρκεια του φετινού πρωταθλήματος. Χαρακτήρα "εξάποντου" έχει το σημερινό ματς, θα δώσουμε προβάδισμα στην έδρα και θα πάμε με τον "άσσο" σε απόδοση 2.00.
    Προβάδισμα η Κρισιούμα
    Ολοκληρώνουμε με Β' Βραζιλίας και την αναμέτρηση Βίλα Νόβα - Κρισιμούμα. Επέστρεψε στις νίκες την προηγούμενη αγωνιστική η Βίλα Νόβα, η οποία μετά από μία ήττα και μία ισοπαλία, επικράτησε 2-0 εκτός έδρας της Γκοϊάς. Απέχει τέσσερις πόντους από την κορυφή και θέλει ένα θετικό αποτέλεσμα σήμερα, ωστόσο το έργο της δεν είναι εύκολο. Η Κρισιούμα είναι η πιο φορμαρισμένη ομάδα της κατηγορίας, παραμένει αήττητη εδώ και πέντε αγωνιστικές, ενώ προέρχεται από τρεις διαδοχικές νίκες. Θεωρούμε ότι οι φιλοξενούμενοι μπορούν να κερδίσουν σήμερα και θα επιλέξουμε το 2 DNB σε απόδοση 2.50 (Draw No Bet ή Ισοπαλία Όχι Στοίχημα: Το ποντάρισμα επιστρέφεται σε περίπτωση ισοπαλίας).
    Επισκεφθείτε το Betarades.gr, διαβάστε από νωρίς το πρωί τα previews όλων των αγώνων της ημέρας, δείτε τα προγνωστικά μας στη στήλη αριστερά και ενημερωθείτε για τα αποτελέσματα των αγώνων που σας ενδιαφέρουν μέσω του livescore μας.

              Music Friday: 'Brandy' Pines for the Return of Her Sailor Beau in the 1972 Chart-Topper by Looking Glass   

    Welcome to Music Friday when we bring you great tunes with jewelry, gemstones or precious metals in the lyrics or title. Today, we present Looking Glass performing the 1972 chart-topper, “Brandy.” The song is about a barmaid in a port town who pines for the return of her sailor beau. Central to the song is the symbol of their love — a locket that bears his name hanging from a braided chain “made of finest silver from the North of Spain.”


    Some rock historians believe the Brandy character in the song was inspired by the story of Mary Ellis, a spinster from New Brunswick, N.J., who fell in love with a sea captain in the late 1700s. Legend has it that he vowed to marry her but never returned. Every day she would ride to the banks of the Raritan River and wait for his ship. Eventually she purchased a piece of land that overlooked the river where she would continue to wait for the sea captain’s return until her death.


    Interestingly, Looking Glass was formed by four Rutger University students — including lead vocalist Elliott Lurie — in 1969 in New Brunswick, N.J., about two miles from Ellis’ grave. The site remains a popular historic site and music-lover destination despite its awkward location in the parking lot of a Loew’s movie complex. 

    Please enjoy the classic video at the end of this post, and the lyrics are here if you’d like to sing along.

    “Brandy (You’re a Fine Girl)”

    Written and composed by Elliot Lurie. Performed by Looking Glass.

    There’s a port… on a western bay 
    And it serves.. a hundred ships a day 
    Lonely sailors… pass the time away 
    And talk about their homes 

    And there’s a girl… in this harbour town 
    And she works… laying whiskey down 
    They say, “Brandy, fetch another round” 
    She serves them whiskey and wine 

    The sailors say, “Brandy, you’re a fine girl” 
    “What a good wife you would be” 
    “Yeah your eyes could steal a sailor from the sea” 

    Brandy… wears a braided chain 
    Made of finest silver from the North of Spain 
    A locket… that bears the name 
    Of the man that Brandy loves 

    He came… on a summer’s day 
    Bringing gifts… from far away 
    But he made it clear… he couldn’t stay 
    No harbour was his home 

    The sailor said, “Brandy, you’re a fine girl” 
    “What a good wife you would be” 
    “But my life, my lover, my lady is the sea” 

    Yeah, Brandy used to watch his eyes 
    When he told his sailor stories 
    She could feel the ocean fall and rise 
    She saw its raging glory 
    But he had always told the truth, lord, he was an honest man 
    And Brandy does her best to understand 

    At night… when the bars close down 
    Brandy walks through a silent town 
    And loves a man… who’s not around 
    She still can hear him say 

    She hears him say, “Brandy, you’re a fine girl” 
    “What a good wife you would be” 
    “But my life, my lover, my lady is the sea” 

    “Brandy, you’re a fine girl” 
    “What a good wife you would be” 
    “But my life, my lover, my lady is the sea”

    image Visit Carats & Karats on Facebook

    Visit CaratsandKarats.com

              Participants in Summer English Programs at MIIS Have Ambitious Plans   

    Forty students from 16 countries are at the Middlebury Institute this summer to improve their English language skills through a program designed to help them achieve ambitious personal, professional, or academic goals.

    As the downtown Monterey campus of the Middlebury Institute fills with summer students eagerly conversing in one of the five foreign languages offered through the Summer Intensive Language Program (SILP), they are joined by an equally ambitious group of students here to master their English through the Institute’s Intensive English Programs (ESL). This summer we welcomed a total of 40 students from 16 countries who are participating in two programs, Intensive English and English Preparation for Graduate Studies.

    The 29 students in the eight-week Intensive English Program range widely in age and background and hail from Azerbaijan and Guatemala, Vietnam and Spain, Qatar and Brazil, among other countries. They all have specific personal, professional, or academic goals related to improving their English language competency. For example, eight students are part of the Brazil Scientific Mobility Program (BSMP), who are working on their English skills to prepare for a semester of study in one of the STEM fields in the United States.

    Eleven students from six countries are enrolled in the English Preparation for Graduate Studies. The program is designed to introduce students to the academic culture of the United States and the Institute, while offering them the opportunity to improve their skills in English, especially in research, writing, and presentations. Many of these students will stay in Monterey and matriculate into one of the Institute’s graduate programs in the fall.

    Is MIIS Spotlight

    Students in the ESL program enjoyed a pizza party in the Holland Center Courtyard on June 19.

    Top Right Media

    ESL Students 2015

    Publication Date
    Monday, June 29, 2015
    MIIS Tags

              Why the next tech revolution will be a female affair   
    In Spain, companies like Google Facebook, LinkedIn, Siemens, IBM and Microsoft are all run by women. This is no coincidence...
              Terror suspect arrested in Mallorca was planning “massacre” on the island   
    Judge sends four alleged Islamic terrorists detained on Wednesday in Spain to prison
              Immigrants return to Spain after seven years of crisis-led decline   
    In a first since 2009, there were more migrant arrivals than departures; Venezuelans, Moroccans and Colombia head list
              ‘Risky’: minors put themselves in harm’s way to get into Spain   
    Dozens of young people trying to flee Melilla hide in ships leaving from the exclave’s harbor
              A lifetime spent fighting for the right to be different in Spain   
    Three generations of Spain’s LGBT community talk about the difficulties of coming out
              Full-time Live-in or Live-out Nanny Job in Kensington   

    Full Time Live in or Live out Nanny Job in Kensington starting ASAP

    This new client of Greycoat Lumleys is looking for an experienced and confident baby nanny to join their family to care for, primarily their new-born baby aged 2 months however there are two older boys aged 3 and 5 who will also need caring for. The family have a fully staffed household so the family are looking for a team player. Mum will be going back to in September so it will be assisting her with the baby until then. After this the role will be fully sole charge.

    Working Monday-Friday 07.00-19.00
    Continue the routine and development of the baby, including weaning and basic cooking
    Continue development of the older boys, using phonics, sensory play, numbers and letters etc.
    Nursery duties (minimal, this is primarily a childcare focused role)
    Travel with the family to Spain and America

    This position can be either live in our live out. The family can provide a large separate bathroom and bedroom with a separate entrance

    Salary: Competitive and negotiable for the right candidate
    Consultant: Lucy Thurmott
    Vacancy number: 44168

    Location: Kensington
    Salary: £650+ Net per Week
    Hours: Full-time
    Type: Permanent
    Starting: Immediately
    Duration: Ongoing

              Live-out Nanny   

    Hampstead NW3

    Start Date: ASAP

    Working days: 3 days turning to 4 days in November, Mon, Tue and any 3rd day

    Working Hours: 8am – 6pm

    Children: 7 month old girl

    Salary: £12 net per hour

    Driver not essential

    A loving family with an adorable little 7 month old girl are looking for a developmentally focused nanny to start as soon as possible. Mum has confirmation she will be going back to work 4 full days a week in November where the role will develop in to a 4 day position. Mum is also around on the third day for now as she is only working two days a week until November. Although she would like to use this 3rd day to do her own things. You will be working sole charge.

    You will have age related experience and be looking for a long-term role. You will be familiar with the development stages including the weaning to solids process.

    The family will be going on holiday the last two weeks of August in Spain. It is not essential but nice if the nanny could join, or join later for a few days. This can be discussed at interview. Babysitting is not essential but can be offered on ad hoc basis. A driver is not essential. Fluent English written and spoken is essential.

    • Little travel can be offered
    • £12 net per hour
    • ASAP start
    • 3 days turning to 4 days in November
    • Age related experience with weaning etc is essential
    • Non-smoker
    • Driver is not essential

    Applicants for this position should have excellent checkable references, a valid DBS [CRB] and First Aid Certificate.

    Location: Hampstead NW3
    Salary: £12 Net per Hour
    Hours: Part-time
    Type: Permanent
    Starting: Immediately
    Duration: Ongoing

    JEWISH KING JESUS IS COMING AT THE RAPTURE FOR US IN THE CLOUDS-DON'T MISS IT FOR THE WORLD.THE BIBLE TAKEN LITERALLY- WHEN THE PLAIN SENSE MAKES GOOD SENSE-SEEK NO OTHER SENSE-LEST YOU END UP IN NONSENSE.GET SAVED NOW- CALL ON JESUS TODAY.THE ONLY SAVIOR OF THE WHOLE EARTH - NO OTHER. 1 COR 15:23-JESUS THE FIRST FRUITS-CHRISTIANS RAPTURED TO JESUS-FIRST FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT-23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.ROMANS 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.(THE PRE-TRIB RAPTURE)

    LUKE 21:28-29
    28 And when these things begin to come to pass,(ALL THE PROPHECY SIGNS FROM THE BIBLE) then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption (RAPTURE) draweth nigh.
    29 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree,(ISRAEL) and all the trees;(ALL INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES)
    30 When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.(ISRAEL LITERALLY BECAME AND INDEPENDENT COUNTRY JUST BEFORE SUMMER IN MAY 14,1948.)

    JOEL 2:3,30
    3 A fire devoureth (ATOMIC BOMB) before them;(RUSSIAN-ARAB-MUSLIM ARMIES AGAINST ISRAEL) and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
    30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.(ATOMIC BOMB AFFECT)

    ZECHARIAH 14:12-13
    12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their eyes shall consume away in their holes,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB)(BECAUSE NUKES HAVE BEEN USED ON ISRAELS ENEMIES)(GOD PROTECTS ISRAEL AND ALWAYS WILL)
    13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.(1/2-3 BILLION DIE IN WW3)(THIS IS AN ATOMIC BOMB EFFECT)

    EZEKIEL 20:47
    47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.

    ZEPHANIAH 1:18
    18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.

    MALACHI 4:1
    1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven;(FROM ATOMIC BOMBS) and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.

    And here are the bounderies of the land that Israel will inherit either through war or peace or God in the future. God says its Israels land and only Israels land. They will have every inch God promised them of this land in the future.
    Egypt east of the Nile River, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, The southern part of Turkey and the Western Half of Iraq west of the Euphrates. Gen 13:14-15, Psm 105:9,11, Gen 15:18, Exe 23:31, Num 34:1-12, Josh 1:4.ALL THIS LAND ISRAEL WILL DEFINATELY OWN IN THE FUTURE, ITS ISRAELS NOT ISHMAELS LAND.12 TRIBES INHERIT LAND IN THE FUTURE

    IDF reopens restive border area on Golan Heights to civilians-Region around Quneitra had been declared off-limits as stray fire incidents stoked tensions with Syria-By Times of Israel staff June 28, 2017, 9:06 am

    The Israeli military on Wednesday reopened a border-adjacent area in the Golan Heights to civilian access, two days after it was declared off-limits amid a series of incidents of errant Syrian fire hitting Israeli territory.The IDF had declared several “crowd gathering points” in the area of Quneitra as closed military zones on Monday. Farmers were allowed in to work in their fields, though they were barred from coming near the border fence itself.In the three days prior to the ban there were three incidents of errant fire hitting Israel. The IDF responded with force, targeting Syrian army installations, which Israel holds responsible for all incidents originating from the civil-war-torn country.Defense Minister Avidgor Liberman said Monday that Israel has “no intention of launching a military operation” against Syria or rebel groups operating within it even as tensions spiraled.Speaking at the Knesset Defense and Foreign Affairs committee, Liberman rejected predictions made by some in Israel’s political echelon that the next conflict with either Hezbollah in the north or Hamas in the south is just around the corner.Around 10 mortar shells from Syria struck the Golan Heights on Saturday, prompting an Israeli response that reportedly killed two Syrian soldiers.On Sunday, several more projectiles hit Israel in what the army said was spillover fire from fighting between regime forces and rebels. The IDF again responded, confirming it targeted a Syrian military vehicle. Arabic media reports said five people were injured in the Israeli raid.Earlier Monday the IDF said that stray fire from Syria reportedly hit a United Nations peacekeeping position in the Golan Heights. No injuries were reported. The army launched searches following reports that two mortars had landed on the Israeli side of the frontier, but no signs of shelling were found. Instead, “heavy machine gun bullet holes were identified in a UNDOF post near Zivanit, adjacent to the border,” the army said.The United Nations Disengagement Observer Force monitors a 1974 ceasefire between Israel and Syria on the Golan Heights.Syria responded Sunday to Israel’s strikes with its own warnings-“The General Command warned against the risks posed by such hostile acts and holds the Israeli enemy responsible for the serious repercussions if such acts reoccur under any pretext, affirming determination to crush terrorist groups which are the Israeli enemy’s proxy in the area,” Syria’s military said in a statement.

    Assad said to visit Iranian-run chemical weapons center-Syrian opposition reports US administration learned Assad planning another sarin attack-By Sue Surkes June 28, 2017, 12:05 pm-THE TIMES OF ISRAEL

    A Syrian opposition news site reported Wednesday that the country’s embattled president, Bashar Assad, recently visited a missile and chemical weapons research station run by Iran on Syrian soil.The report followed an announcement by the Pentagon on Tuesday that it had detected “active preparations” by Syria for a chemical weapons attack, and a White House statement that the Syrian government would “pay a heavy price” if it carried out such an assault.Quoting a non-government source with close ties to the White House, Zaman al-Wasl reported that the US administration had been tipped off that Syrian authorities were planning a possible sarin gas attack in either the east or south of Syria, where Assad’s forces and its backers have suffered recent setbacks against rebels in the sixth year of the civil war.Assad is believed to have used sarin gas in an weapons attack that killed dozens of people in Idlib province on April 4, as well as in early attacks on civilians since the war began.The station, to be inaugurated by the end of this year, works on developing long-range missiles and is located in a valley between the Hama and Tartus provinces, close to the Syrian border with Lebanon, the report said.The report said Assad’s visit to the station followed a rare stop in the historically anti-Assad city of Hama, some 213 kilometers (132 miles) north of Damascus, where he delivered prayers for Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of the Ramadan fast.The visit to Hama indicated that the Syrian leader was feeling more confident about his position.Responding to the Pentagon’s assessment, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Tuesday that “such threats to Syria’s legitimate leaders are unacceptable.”Russia is Assad’s key backer and sided with him when he denied responsibility for the April chemical attack in Idlib province.That attack was followed by a US cruise missile strike on a Syrian government air base.

    Iran says US travel ban is ‘racist’ and ‘unfair’-Foreign Ministry spokesman complains Washington is ‘closing its eyes to main perpetrators of terrorist acts’-By AP June 28, 2017, 12:05 pm-THE TIMES OF ISRAEL

    TEHRAN, Iran — Iran said the US Supreme Court’s decision to reinstate parts of a travel ban applied to six Muslim-majority countries is “racist” and “unfair.”Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Ghasemi was quoted by state TV Wednesday as saying it is “regrettable” that Washington “closes its eyes to the main perpetrators of terrorist acts in the US,” without elaborating.The Supreme Court on Monday allowed US President Donald Trump to forge ahead with a limited version of his ban on travelers from Iran, Syria, Sudan, Yemen, Libya and Somalia. The justices will hear full arguments in October in the case.Critics say the ban is intended to meet Trump’s campaign promise of keeping Muslims out of the country. The administration says the restrictions are needed to keep out terrorists while it tightens vetting procedures.

    Palestinian with knife arrested at West Bank checkpoint-Russia said negotiating Golan safe zones with Israel, US and Jordan; 6 suspected Islamic State jihadists arrested in Europe-By Tamar Pileggi June 28, 2017, 2:17 pm-THE TIMES OF ISRAEL

    14:55-AIPAC delegation coming to Israel to discuss Western Wall reversal with PM-A delegation of senior members from the American pro-Israel lobby AIPAC are reportedly traveling to Israel to discuss with Netanyahu his government’s decision to freeze the implementation of a hard-won agreement to create an official pluralistic worship area at the Western Wall.According to the Walla news site, the delegation includes AIPAC President Lillian Pinkus and Vice CEO Richard Fishman. They are expected to meet with the prime minister tomorrow.The government’s decision to suspend the pluralistic pavilion, along with advancing a bill granting the ultra-Orthodox a de facto monopoly over conversions to Judaism in Israel, was met with outrage by many US Jews.14:46-Hamas to create buffer zone with Egypt to improve ties-Hamas says bulldozers in Gaza are creating a 100-meter-wide (330-foot) buffer zone along the Egyptian border as part of the Palestinian terrorist group’s efforts to combat extremists and improve ties with Cairo.The Hamas-run Interior Ministry says the creation of a 12-kilometer-long (7.5-mile) corridor was agreed upon in recent face-to-face negotiations with Egyptian officials. It expressed hope that Egypt would reopen the Rafah border crossing with Gaza on a regular basis once the buffer zone is complete.Egypt has long accused Gaza’s Hamas rulers of aiding an insurgency in the northern Sinai Peninsula, allegations denied by Hamas. Egypt and Israel have imposed a blockade on Gaza since Hamas seized power in 2007.— with AP-14:27-6 suspected IS jihadists arrested across Europe-Six suspected members of the Islamic State group are arrested in Spain, Britain and Germany in an operation led by Spanish authorities investigating a jihadist recruiting network, the Spanish interior ministry says.The raids are targeting a group based on the island of Majorca and led by an Islamist imam, who was arrested in Britain, the ministry says in a statement.The imam, 44, was the target of a European arrest warrant and seized by the West Midlands Counter Terrorism Unit on behalf of the Spanish authorities.“The investigation focuses on terrorism material created for use online,” the West Midlands police says, adding that prosecutors would seek his extradition to Spain later today.— AFP-14:26-Russia said negotiating Golan safe zones with Israel, US and Jordan-Russia is negotiating safe zones in southern Syria with Israel, Jordan and the US, Army Radio reports.The talks are focused on establishing areas of operations for the respective militaries in the Syrian side of the Golan Heights near Israel’s northern border.Citing Russian media reports, the negotiations were called following four recent US-led coalition airstrikes on regime targets in the area.14:17-Palestinian with knife arrested at West Bank checkpoint-A Palestinian woman is caught with a knife at a checkpoint near the West Bank city of Bethlehem.According to reports, the 36-year-old tells security forces that she planned to carry out a stabbing attack in Jerusalem.The suspect is taken in for questioning.


    REVELATION 11:1-2
    1 And there was given me a(MEASURING) reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
    2 But the court which is without the temple leave out,(TO THE WORLD NATIONS) and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.(JERUSALEM DIVIDED BUT THE 3RD TEMPLE ALLOWED TO BE REBUILT)

    DANIEL 9:27
    27 And he( THE ROMAN,EU PRESIDENT) shall confirm the covenant with many for one week:(1X7=7 YEARS) and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,(3 1/2 yrs in TEMPLE SACRIFICES STOPPED) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

    MICAH 4:1-5
    1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.
    2  And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
    3  And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
    4  But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it.
    5  For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.

    DANIEL 11:31
    31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.(3RD TEMPLE REBUILT)

    DANIEL 12:11

    MATTHEW 24:15-16
    15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)(THE DICTATOR SITS IN THE REBUILT 3RD TEMPLE CALLING HIMSELF GOD AT THE MIDPOINT OR 3 1/2 YEAR PERIOD OF THE 7 YEAR TRIBULATION PERIOD.OR 7 YEAR PEACE TREATY BETWEEN ISRAEL-ARABS AND MANY OF DANIEL 9:27)
    16 Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:

    Israel’s consulates in the US gird for protests over Western Wall-Memo lays out strategy for explaining decision to suspend deal on prayer pavilion; some federations said to reevaluate contributions to Israel-By Sue Surkes June 28, 2017, 10:04 am-THE TIMES OF ISRAEL

    The Foreign Ministry has reportedly instructed staff at its nine US consulates to prepare for mass Jewish protests following government decisions to suspend plans for a pluralistic prayer pavilion at Jerusalem’s Western Wall and to advance a bill granting the ultra-Orthodox a de facto monopoly over conversions to Judaism in Israel.A memo sent to the consulates on Monday, published by the Haaretz daily, called on staff to clarify what it said was “a great deal of misinformation” by stressing that a previous government decision to create the prayer pavilion “was not nullified but suspended,” that the suspension gave the government “the time and space needed to find a genuinely workable solution,” and that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu — “compelled” to reach a decision because of an approaching High Court deadline — had actually refused the demand of ultra-Orthodox ministers to cancel rather than suspend the construction of the pavilion.The memo also laid part of the blame for the crisis on non-Orthodox Jews, saying that “for reasons, related to both sides, the current plan has proven unfeasible.” It also asserted that the prime minister remained committed to the principle that “all Jews should feel at home in Israel and at the Western Wall in particular.”The Foreign Ministry has been receiving reports of protests against the Western Wall decision from Jewish communities across America. One report from Chicago’s Israel consulate described “harsh messages of disappointment and pain,” according to Haaretz.Some people were implying that the decision could impact donations and political campaigns, the Haaretz report said.Another report, from the New York consulate, said that Gordon Hecker, CEO of the Columbus, Ohio, Jewish Federation, told Israel’s consul general in New York, Dani Dayan, that he planned to stop all donations to Israel from his federation.The same report said the CEO of the Northern New Jersey Jewish Federation, Jason Shames, said that the decision was likely to impact his federation’s relationships with the State of Israel.In an interview with The Times of Israel, Jewish Agency chairman Natan Sharansky said there was no difference between “freezing” and scrapping the agreement, and that the prime minister was “just playing with words.” He said Netanyahu had broken a painstakingly constructed relationship of trust with US Jewish leaders, and had put narrow coalition interests above the wider needs of the Jewish people.

    There's 'unbelievable ignorance' in Israel, including in the government, about non-Orthodox Judaism-Sharansky: We may solve Western Wall and conversion crises. I’m not sure we can rebuild trust-Jewish Agency chairman, at forefront of incendiary dispute between Israel and Diaspora, decries PM’s actions, laments collapse of a painstakingly constructed relationship with Reform and Conservative leaders By David Horovitz June 28, 2017, 7:34 am-THE TIMES OF ISRAEL

    Natan Sharansky, the chairman of the Jewish Agency, said he believes the two profound crises that have erupted in ties between Israel and much of the US Jewish community — over prayer at the Western Wall and conversion — can and will be resolved.In an interview with The Times of Israel, he said the legislation on conversion approved by ministers on Sunday — which would cement an ultra-Orthodox monopoly over conversions to Judaism in Israel — would likely not go through in its current format. From his contacts with ministers and Knesset members, he said, he does not believe Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu can muster a majority to pass the legislation in its current form.As for Netanyahu’s shock decision to freeze implementation of a painstakingly negotiated agreement to give non-Orthodox streams of Judaism a recognized, formal role in the oversight of a permanent, pluralistic prayer area slightly to the south of the main Western Wall prayer area, Sharansky said he believed a “formula” would be found to enable the agreement to go ahead.“You don’t have to call it ‘recognition,'” he posited. “But you do have to allow representatives of the Reform and Conservative to run the place where they pray. That’s the minimum condition from which all the negotiations started.” Sharansky said he couldn’t say what precise “formula” would be found, but “I believe that very quickly” it can be resolved.At the same time, he expressed deep disappointment in Netanyahu’s handling of the affair — saying the prime minister had put narrow coalition interests above the wider needs of the Jewish people. He noted, incidentally, that he did not believe the government would have fallen if Netanyahu had resisted ultra-Orthodox pressure on the issues.And he said that the precious trust that had been established between Israeli and Diaspora leaders, as the Western Wall compromise took shape in recent years, may have been damaged irrevocably.He also highlighted staggering ignorance among Israeli government ministers about Reform and Conservative Judaism — streams of Judaism with which the majority of American Jews are affiliated. “When I said to the government a year or two ago, Do you know that 85% of AIPAC supporters are Reform and Conservative Jews, half of the government were shocked. They really thought they were supporters of boycotts of Israel, all these crazies from J Street, Breaking the Silence. That’s all.”-I’m sure his coalition wouldn’t have fallen-Lots of Israelis are similarly ignorant, he added. “There are many Israelis, good Israelis, good Zionists, loving Jews, who believe that Reform is a kind of sect which destroyed Judaism from the inside in America and now they are looking for more places to destroy, because that is how they live, by destroying. That now they are trying to come here.Added Sharansky: “I say to them, You know, that’s exactly what anti-Semites were saying about Jews in Russia.”The Times of Israel spoke to Sharansky at his Jewish Agency office late on Tuesday afternoon. The following is an edited transcript:The Times of Israel: Do you think this crisis can be solved? And if so, how? Natan Sharansky: Look, this crisis has to be solved, because it’s too important for the future of our unity.On the one hand, it was very upsetting, it seemed awful, that just when our (Jewish Agency) Board of Governors started their meetings here, and were coming for a short visit with the government, these two decisions were taken, one after another — maybe the most painful decisions you could imagine for the American Jewish community.On the other hand, the timing could not be better, when you think about it: Imagine if it had happened two weeks later, or five weeks later. You wouldn’t have had angry representatives here of all the main communities, who immediately mobilized to work.We have a lot of big challenges — budget challenges, organizational challenges. These were all put aside. Everybody was mobilized. And we delivered a message.All of these (US Jewish leaders) were receiving a lot of emails from people in their communities who are angry, and were saying, Enough is enough. They had to make those messages heard. They were speaking to the ministers and members of Knesset, and explaining.What’s the solution — on the conversion law, and on the Western Wall? As regards the law, it has to be stopped. And yesterday, we had meetings with (Ministers) Naftali Bennett and Ayelet Shaked. I was speaking to all of them 15 minutes before the vote on the bill (in the cabinet on Sunday), and they didn’t understand (what the implications were). Now they understand and they’ve started looking for ways to change something (in the planned legislation).They say it is important to stop foreign workers coming here (and converting). But there are much simpler ways to deal with that.So it will be amended? We were in the Knesset today. Half of the people who were speaking to us about this were from the coalition. I don’t really understand how the prime minister is going to have a majority for this law. So I think it can be stopped.As to the Kotel, it’s more difficult, because it’s not Knesset legislation.But Tzachi Hanegbi (the minister charged by Netanyahu with resolving the crisis) who came today to speak to us, he changed tone. He said, the physical part (of the pavilion for pluralistic prayer) we will start implementing immediately. He said the other part (regarding its formal oversight), which is the problematic part, we’ll have to negotiate on how to implement it.That’s already different from ‘We’ll freeze it, we’ll stop it, we cannot do it.’(The difficult part) is the question of recognition (for non-Orthodox Judaism in the oversight of the pluralistic prayer area). The prime minister says, I recognize (the non-Orthodox streams of Judaism), but as a government, I cannot do it.He said, ‘My government can’t’? Bibi was very frank. He didn’t try to… (Sharansky wiggles his hands.) He said: I do believe that all the Jews are pulling for us, and I recognize all of them. But what to do? We have a coalition. Some of our (coalition) partners can’t recognize them. And they demand from us to cancel all the agreements (about the Western Wall). I’m not ready to cancel. I’m ready to freeze.Well, cancel or freeze, that’s just playing with words. I can’t explain that to a Reform rabbi in St Louis.So how do you solve it? I’ve already heard from the ministers, never mind members of Knesset, that we have to go back and talk about it. You don’t have to call it “recognition.” But you do have to allow representatives of the Reform and Conservatives to run the place where they pray. That’s the minimum condition from which all the negotiations started.I believe that with public opinion understanding this better and better, the pressure will grow, and it can be implemented.Whether it will be this or that (precise) formula, the thing is that it will be a respected place of prayer, where they don’t have to hide from anybody, and where they will be able to run their own prayer, and not have to depend on this government minister or that bureaucrat who today changes his opinions. That’s the minimum which is demanded.At this moment, the government decided not to implement it. I believe that very quickly, it can be changed.What is clear is that, despite the fact that this topic was so widely discussed in recent years, the majority of Israelis don’t understand it, and some people in the West don’t understand what we are talking about. We have now to accelerate our campaign of explaining.In the last couple of years, I was speaking a lot in Israel. I discovered unbelievable ignorance (when it comes to non-Orthodox Judaism). The prejudices…What do Israelis not know about non-Orthodox Judaism? There are many Israelis, good Israelis, good Zionists, loving Jews, who believe that Reform is a kind of sect which destroyed Judaism from the inside in America and now they are looking for more places to destroy, because that is how they live, by destroying. That now they are trying to come here.I say to them, You know, that’s exactly what anti-Semites were saying about Jews in Russia.When I said to the government a year or two ago, Do you know that 85% of AIPAC supporters are Reform and Conservative Jews, half of the government were shocked. They really thought they were supporters of boycotts of Israel, all these crazies from J Street, Breaking the Silence. That’s all.And what do you say? The truth is…The truth is that in the conditions of the Diaspora, to survive and not be assimilated is a big challenge. From the beginning, 200 years ago, when Jews started living among gentiles, and those of them who wanted to continue living actively among gentiles but to feel themselves Jewish at home, some of them went for different forms of Judaism.It’s not the place where I pray, the place where I talk to God. But it is the place where a lot of Jews, who want to stay being Jewish, are gathering.So the State of Israel, if it continues to say that it is home for all the Jews, definitely has to say to them: We want you. But we also want your communities, we want your rabbis, your grandchildren.So many Jews in the Diaspora say (to Israel), Be democratic like us. But they don’t understand that we’re doing something much (more challenging) than them: We are trying to be democratic in the Middle East.Equally, many Jews in Israel say (to the Diaspora), Be not assimilated like us. We’re religious or secular. But they don’t understand that (Diaspora Jews) are doing something much more difficult. How to not be assimilated in America is not the same as how to not be assimilated in Israel.They are using these tools (of different streams of Judaism). If we could invent tools now, at a time of the existence of the State of Israel, maybe we would invent different tools. But these are the tools that exist.Our prime minister, however, does understand the Diaspora. He does understand the non-Orthodox streams of Judaism. He does understand how much of a commitment there is to Israel. He must have known how this would play out. And I’m not sure his coalition would have fallen over this. He could have told the ultra-Orthodox parties: This is the deal.I’m sure his coalition wouldn’t have fallen.His advisers really failed, by not even telling him the timing was so bad. Which (paradoxically) is good. God forbid they had told him, and he’d done it two weeks later.But still…Still. I told him at this government meeting (on Sunday), which is what I say all over the world: Mr. Prime Minister, you know better than any other prime minister in Israel what is American Jewry. And that’s why you worked harder than any other (on this). Don’t undermine your own work.And he answered: I believe it. I feel it. I want it. But at this moment part of my coalition demands to do this. I’m doing something to save my coalition.That’s not exactly what he said, but that was his message. Very open.So he behaved like a politician who has to respond to the immediate need of the coalition.That contradicts with him as a Jewish leader who really knows, who understands the historical process and the importance of keeping the deep contact (with the Diaspora).I’m particularly sorry, because he had succeeded — and we did our best to help him — to build relations with the leaders of the Reform and Conservative movements during these negotiations which never before existed. There was a lot of trust. Direct telephone calls. Meetings. Cooperation. Coordination. And I felt great pride in this.I do believe that we can overcome these (current) crises. I’m not sure we will be able to restore this type of relationship and trust. And that’s a big loss.

    JEWISH KING JESUS IS COMING AT THE RAPTURE FOR US IN THE CLOUDS-DON'T MISS IT FOR THE WORLD.THE BIBLE TAKEN LITERALLY- WHEN THE PLAIN SENSE MAKES GOOD SENSE-SEEK NO OTHER SENSE-LEST YOU END UP IN NONSENSE.GET SAVED NOW- CALL ON JESUS TODAY.THE ONLY SAVIOR OF THE WHOLE EARTH - NO OTHER. 1 COR 15:23-JESUS THE FIRST FRUITS-CHRISTIANS RAPTURED TO JESUS-FIRST FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT-23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.ROMANS 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.(THE PRE-TRIB RAPTURE)


    DANIEL 7:23-24
    23 Thus he said, The fourth beast (EU,REVIVED ROME) shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth,(7TH WORLD EMPIRE) which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.(TRADING BLOCKS-10 WORLD REGIONS/TRADE BLOCS)
    24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings(10 NATIONS-10 WORLD DIVISION WORLD GOVERNMENT) that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.(EITHER THE EUROPEAN UNION DICTATOR BOOTS 3 COUNTRIES FROM THE EU OR THE DICTATOR TAKES OVER THE WORLD ECONOMY BY CONTROLLING 3 WORLD TRADE BLOCS)

    REVELATION 17:9-13
    9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.(THE VATICAN IS BUILT ON 7 HILLS OR MOUNTAINS)
    11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.
    12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.
    13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.

    Heres the scripture 1 week = 7 yrs Genesis 29:27-29
    27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.
    28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week:(7 YEARS) and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.
    29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be her maid.

    DANIEL 9:26-27
    26 And after threescore and two weeks(62X7=434 YEARS+7X7=49 YEARS=TOTAL OF 69 WEEKS OR 483 YRS) shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;(ROMAN LEADERS DESTROYED THE 2ND TEMPLE) and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.(THERE HAS TO BE 70 WEEKS OR 490 YRS TO FUFILL THE VISION AND PROPHECY OF DAN 9:24).(THE NEXT VERSE IS THAT 7 YR WEEK OR (70TH FINAL WEEK).
    27 And he ( THE ROMAN,EU PRESIDENT) shall confirm the covenant (PEACE TREATY) with many for one week:(1X7=7 YEARS) and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,(3 1/2 yrs in TEMPLE ANIMAL SACRIFICES STOPPED) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

    Reform movement launching first rabbinical school for Spanish speakers-Buenos Aires institution will ordain students from Latin America, Spain and Portugal-By JTA June 27, 2017, 4:01 am-THE TIMES OF ISRAEL

    BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (JTA) — The Reform movement is launching its first school to train and ordain rabbis from Latin America, Spain and Portugal to work in those communities.The Ibero American Institute for Rabbinical Education of the World Union for Progressive Judaism, or WUPJ, will begin classes in August in Buenos Aires.“This project will transform the regional reality,” WUPJ said.Some 20 rabbinical candidates from Argentina, Chile, Brazil and Spain have enrolled. A Hispanic student from the United States also has enrolled.The institute will be run jointly by the Latin American branch of WUPJ; the Argentine network of institutions Fundación Judaica, and the Center of Jewish Spirituality Mishkan, which will be the headquarters of the institution. Ruben Nisenbom, the Argentine founder of Mishkan, will be in charge of the institute.WUPJ President Carole Sterling has called the institute “an important step for the Reform world.”“We know that it will be fundamental for the development of our movement in the region and will permit us to answer the growing demand on behalf of our communities,” she said last month when the institute was officially presented by Ibero-American leaders to the Reform movement during the WUPJ Conference in Jerusalem.Rabbi Gilad Kariv, executive director of the Reform movement in Israel and founder of the Rabbis for Human Rights movement, called the new institution “one of the great milestones of Judaism in the last decade.”Ibero-America is a region in Central and South America made up of Spanish and Portuguese speakers that also includes Spain and Portugal.

    LUKE 21:28-29
    28 And when these things begin to come to pass,(ALL THE PROPHECY SIGNS FROM THE BIBLE) then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption (RAPTURE) draweth nigh.
    29 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree,(ISRAEL) and all the trees;(ALL INDEPENDENT COUNTRIES)
    30 When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.(ISRAEL LITERALLY BECAME AND INDEPENDENT COUNTRY JUST BEFORE SUMMER IN MAY 14,1948.)

    JOEL 2:3,30
    3 A fire devoureth (ATOMIC BOMB) before them;(RUSSIAN-ARAB-MUSLIM ARMIES AGAINST ISRAEL) and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
    30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.(ATOMIC BOMB AFFECT)

    ZECHARIAH 14:12-13
    12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their eyes shall consume away in their holes,(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB) and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.(DISOLVED FROM ATOMIC BOMB)(BECAUSE NUKES HAVE BEEN USED ON ISRAELS ENEMIES)(GOD PROTECTS ISRAEL AND ALWAYS WILL)
    13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.(1/2-3 BILLION DIE IN WW3)(THIS IS AN ATOMIC BOMB EFFECT)

    EZEKIEL 20:47
    47 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.

    ZEPHANIAH 1:18
    18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of