GST rollout will be very smooth, assures Jaitley   
NEW DELHI, June 30 - Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today held out the assurance of a 'very smooth' transition into the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, promising that the administration will be very liberal and not implement it 'very strictly' in the first two months.
          June 30, 2017 - Wrestling has a new Villain? Progressive Liberal!    
Pat loves this story! Wrestling fans love their villains. The latest one is really riling up people. His wrestling name is: Progressive Liberal!
          Comment on Ontario Set to Criminalize Amateur BJJ And Grappling Competition As Of July 1, 2017 by John   
Why are you talking to Bob Runciman about this? He is a sitting Senator, which is Federal. You need to be talking to a sitting MPP. Preferably Liberal.
          Superior Court Denies CATER’s Bid for $200K in Legal Fees   
TheLiberalOC has learned that a bid for $200,000 in legal fees for the Coalition of Anaheim Taxpayers for Economic Responsibility (CATER) over a lawsuit filed by Cynthia Ward claiming she was denied documents in a Public Records Act request was denied in Superior Court. So no big payday for CATER’s lawyer Greg Diamond; just imagine…
          Assistir Paysandu x Luverdense AO VIVO Online 30/06/2017    

Assistir Paysandu x Luverdense AO VIVO 30/06/2017 


       Assistir Paysandu x Luverdense AO VIVO Online 30/06/2017 - Horário: 19:15h -Transmissão - Jogo na TV: SporTV e Premiere PFC - Série B - 


Em crise, o Paysandu abre os portões do Estádio da Curuzu, para recebe o Luverdense, jogo válido pela 11ª rodada da Série B, o confronto marcado para às 19:15h ( de Brasília), vai ter transmissão ao vivo pelos canais SporTV e Premiere PFC. Aguarde o vídeo completo dos gols ou melhores momentos.

Classificação: O Papão da Curuzu, que já esteve na liderança, está rodada após rodada rumo abaixo na tabela de classificação, vem na décima quarta posição, com 12 pontos, já são seis jogos sem vencer - 4 derrotas e 2 empates - na última rodada perdeu para o CRB por 2x1. Em caso de mais uma derrota, vai acabar a rodada na zona de rebaixamento, isso porque o adversário de hoje, vice-lanterna, tem só um ponto a menos, e dois time da degola tem a mesma pontuação do time paraense.

O Luverdense somou até aqui 11 pontos, vem de derrota para o América-MG por 3x0, antes dessa derrota estava até vindo bem, vinha de duas vitórias e dois empates.

Estreia: O Paysandu mudou o comando do time, hoje vai estrear Marquinhos Santos.

Desfalques: Para o jogo de hoje o técnico não poderá contar com o lateral Peri e o volante Wesley, este último encerrou o contrato com o clube, acabou o tempo

Desfalques no Luverdense: O técnico Júnior Rocha,  terá desfalques quatro desfalques importantes, o  goleiro Diogo Silva, o lateral Aderlan, o zagueiro Pablo e o volante Ricardo .

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Competição: Copa das Confederações 

Confira também: 
Futebol Internacional 
Tempo Real - Classificação 
 Gols - Resultado
Globoesporte.com
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FICHA TÉCNICA
PAYSANDU x LUVERDENSE

Local: Estádio da Curuzu, em Belém (PA)
Data: 30 de junho de 2017, sexta-feira
Horário: 19h15 (Brasília)
Árbitro: Jean Pierre Gonçalves Lima (RS)
Assistentes: Lucio Beiersdorf Flor (RS) e André da Silva Bitencourt (RS)

PAYSANDU: Emerson; Ayrton, Perema, Fernando Lombardi e William Simões; Augusto Recife, Ricardo Capanema, Jhonnatan e Diogo Oliveira; Bérgson e Marcão
Técnico: Marquinhos Santos

LUVERDENSE: Gabriel Leite; Gabriel Passos, Willian, Neguete e Paulinho; Diego Lorenzi, Marcos Aurélio e Moacir; Léo Cereja, Rafael Ratão e Rafael Silva
Técnico: Júnior Rocha


tags:  Assistir Ponte Preta x Sol de América ao vivo 29/06/2017,  Assistir Ponte Preta x Sol de América AO VIVO 2017,    Assistir Jogo Ponte Preta x Sol de América 29/06/2017 Copa Sul-Americana, Assistir Sol de América x Ponte Preta ao vivo hoje 29/06/2017

          Comment on Keith Darrell: Shattering Hearts of Stone by Concerned Christian   
Kieth has often come to my university, the University of Idaho, and incited little but hateful arguments and crass insults. When asked about specific bible verses, and to compare them to other translations or interpretations to better understand the meaning of any one translation, he resorted to calling the science of translation as "a semantic tool of liberals". When anyone with legitimate knowledge of the Bible asked him any sort of question, he immediately would say that, "these are what I'm here to fight against; those who think they know the truth when there is no truth but the Bible." Now, obviously this is no way to answer legitimate questions, but what was more shocking was the fact that he would take time then afterwards to insult the individual who asked the question in a relentlessly cruel and ignorant manner. He accused people of having evil parents, he accused the entire audience of being rapists and sexual abusers, he told myself and others that he "could just tell" that we were abused as kids, and then proceeded to tell us that we had deserved it for turning away from the God that we must surely have known since birth. What's more, his knowledge of the actual bible seems greatly lacking, as myself and other students were forced to ask him about claims he was making which were unsupported by the Biblical text. For example, he told a colleague of mine that because my colleague was formerly Christian and turned away, he could never receive repentance even if he returned to living life the way the Bible dictates. This is obviously not supported in the text, let alone an incredibly unprofessional, rude, and blatantly uneducated thing to say. If your intention within this organization is to spread God's word, I suggest you either lean upon a stronger speaker, or simply redirect him to the text which he is supposedly preaching. What's more, Keith had a long tangent about his own childhood traumas which he has actively suppressed which make me incredibly sad for him. There are an innumerable many Christians who understand that without coming to peace with the psychological battle within, one can never truly live the life of God though. Living as God tells you comes from pure love of God, not a twisted vengeance towards their abuser through God's wrath, or using faith to validate self-denigrating thoughts and actions.
          Comentário em O descaramento não pede desculpa por Manuel Ribeiro   
Siresp, mais uma trafulhice neoliberal do tempo do Barroso que nenhum outro governo que lhe seguiu travou. Voz do dono? Se não fosse tão triste era de desatar a rir. Estes devem andar a plantar eucaliptos até à porta dos outros ou são accionista do Siresp. http://expresso.sapo.pt/revista-de-imprensa/2017-06-30-200-milhoes.-Eis-a-fatura-prevista-do-SIRESP-ao-Estado-ate-2021
          Busco amiga   
Me gustaría conocer mujer para encuentros ''amistosos''. Vivo y trabajo en valencia, no tengo ataduras de ningún tipo. Hasta unos 40 años. Liberal, guapita, con algo de cultura. No me importa estado civil. No profesionales del sexo.
          Amistad y...   
Rubén, de valencia, busca amistad con mujer de entre 20 y 45 años aproximadamente. Viudo, sin compromiso de ningún tipo, sin pareja, profesión liberal, sin problemas económicos. Busco: estilo, cultura, amabilidad, sensualidad, etc. Ofrezo: discreción, seriedad y posible ayuda económica. Contactos: por telf., wapp.,sms, correo elct., etc. Valencia y alrededores.
          Things are looking up for Ohio Wesleyan University as it seeks to combat declining enrollment   
It's a problem virtually all liberal arts colleges face, but a nonprofit news organization says the school in Delaware is taking some smart, data-driven steps to combat it.
          Appalachian Wrestling's Greatest Villain: 'The Progressive Liberal'   
A wrestler is stirring up crowds at deep-red rural Appalachian events as a trash-talking East Coast elite going by the name Dan Richards, The Progressive Liberal.
          What To Do About Obamacare   
Republican voters mostly aren't against it for reasons other than the fact that it was championed by the black Muslim guy from Kenya. They don't like the as-yet-unenforced mandate, and they don't like it for all of the reasons that few people actually like our health care system - at best it's needlessly a pain in the ass, at worst, well, you know the worst. A lot of them are pissed off because they think the blahs got the secret welfare ACA (Medicaid) while they got Obamacare (the exchanges), even though a big reason (not the only one!) a lot of them didn't get Medicaid was they yelled and screamed for their states to "reject Obamacare" and, thanks to Roberts, what they could reject was the Medicaid expansion.

Hospitals hate the idea of repeal. Insurance companies mostly don't like it. For people with employer insurance, people who got Medicaid, and people who can kinda sorta afford the individual plans, it's mostly better (and since the mandate isn't even enforced, it's basically better for anyone who chooses to buy it).

Ultimately any "Republican healthcare plan" is basically Obamacare, but shittier. Even my glibertarian college facebook friend who HATES OBAMACARE earnestly described what the health care system should be, and it really was Obamacare without the mandate, to the letter.

The sociopaths in Congress wants to take away Medicaid, make it less affordable and with fewer benefits (at worst, completely fake insurance, at best something slightly better than that). Remove revenue from insurance companies and hospitals, including forcing them to eat more emergency room bills. Oh, and people don't get needed care and go bankrupt and die.

The leading liberal think tank has decided to make another stab at bipartisan fixes to Obamacare because I guess whatever was in the water that made Obama think elected Republicans were interested in such a thing is still in the water in DC. I'm not sure why "here's a really complicated plan that people won't like much more than the status quo and has no chance of passing" is better than "here's a really simply-sounding (nothing is simple, of course, but the bureaucracies should handle the bureaucracy, not us) idea that would be popular and better and universal and has no chance of passing right now" but centrists gotta centrist I guess.




          Analysis: "Bad" foreign firms drive U.S. manufacturing jobs revival   

By Lesley Wroughton and Howard Schneider

SPARTANBURG/CHARLESTON, South Carolina (Reuters) - Years before Donald Trump began promising to bring back good manufacturing jobs by getting tough with U.S. trade partners, such jobs have already been on the rise, largely thanks to foreign companies now cast as villains in Trump's narrative.

Reuters analysis of federal jobs data shows that out of 656,000 new manufacturing jobs created between 2010 and 2014, two thirds can be attributed to foreign direct investment.

More recent jobs numbers are not yet available, but over $700 billion in foreign capital has poured in over the last two years bringing total foreign investment to $3.7 trillion at the end of 2016, a world record. (Graphic: http://tmsnrt.rs/2sWkzTB)

Now foreign companies that have spent billions of dollars on U.S. factories and local leaders who host them worry that global supply networks that back those investments will fray if Trump makes good on his pledge to roll back trade liberalization.

The U.S. president has threatened to tear up North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico and slap higher tariffs on nations that run trade surpluses with the United States, such as Germany or China. The administration is also discussing tighter immigration rules and more security screening of investment.

The tough message helped sway swing northeastern and Midwestern Rust Belt states Trump's way in the 2016 election, but puts him at odds with companies and local leaders in the south, which has driven the recent growth in manufacturing jobs.

The southern states have voted for Trump, but have also spent decades wooing foreign companies with flexible labor laws, financial incentives and investment in ports, roads and other infrastructure.

POSTER CHILD AND WHIPPING BOY

The courtship has spawned new auto plants from Kentucky to Georgia, and a new Airbus plant in Mobile, Alabama.

Few places highlight the gap between Trump's rhetoric and local aspirations better than Spartanburg in South Carolina.

German carmaker BMW has invested here $8 billion in a 1.2 million square foot (11.15 hectares) assembly plant, which has become the largest single exporter of cars by value from the United States.

South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster, a Republican and Trump supporter, credits the German automaker for putting his state on the global investment map.

"The presence of this company changed everything in the trajectory of our state," McMaster said on Monday at an event unveiling BMW's newest X3 sports utility vehicle.

Its Chief Executive Harald Krueger said the carmaker would invest additional $600 million in Spartanburg over the next four years, adding 1,000 jobs to the 9,000-strong workforce, and spend further $200 million on employee training and education.

But the poster child of South Carolina's success also doubles as a whipping boy. In January, BMW's plans to build a plant in Mexico drew Trump's ire and last month the U.S. president was quoted as saying Germany was "very bad" on trade and selling too many cars in the United States.

And even as the company highlights its contribution to the U.S. economy and the benefits of free trade, it is hedging its bets by preparing for a possible protectionist backlash.

Outside of the spotlight, BMW is retooling factories in South Africa and China to build volume models like the X3 SUV, reducing its dependence on Spartanburg.

“We have a big footprint here, and we are flexible enough," Oliver Zipse, BMW's board member responsible for manufacturing, told Reuters. "We will build the X3 not only in Spartanburg, we will split it into South Africa and then to China, so we will have some flexibility to produce cars somewhere else,” he said.

“If something happens at the political level - which we don’t know yet - we are able to have a flexible response.”

The Trump administration has said it welcomes foreign investment and Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, who spoke at an opening of a new Samsung Electronics <005930.KS> plant in South Carolina, said such projects showed that "America is becoming an even stronger destination for global businesses looking to grow.”

The southern U.S. states owe much of their success to coastal port authorities and cities that have invested heavily to make their channels and docks fit for shipments to and from China and Mexico.

Senator Lindsey Graham, a Republican from South Carolina who has often clashed with Trump, said protectionism would undermine those accomplishments and hurt American workers.

DOOMSDAY SCENARIO

"Negotiate a trade agreement with Europe, modernize NAFTA, don't tear it up," Graham told Reuters at the BMW factory. "We're going in the wrong direction. We need more trade agreements, not less."

Graham noted how low-cost competition from China and Mexico destroyed South Carolina's once thriving textile industry and how the state reinvented itself as a manufacturing hub, bringing the likes of BMW or French tire maker Michelin .

The now humming port city of Charleston has a similar story to tell. When a major navy base shut down in the 1990s wiping out 20,000 jobs, local officials worked to bring foreign manufacturers, which now employ around 10,000 in the three counties around the city and more is set to come.

Mercedes-Benz, part of Daimler AG , is adding 1,300 jobs so it can make its Sprinter van here rather than merely assemble it with imported parts, which also means more business for local suppliers.

Up the road, Volvo Car Group, part of Chinese conglomerate Geely, is due to open its first North American plant next year with a target workforce of 2,000.

Local development officials expect more jobs and investment to come, but worry that some steps discussed by the Trump administration could have a chilling effect.

Claire Gibbons, director of global marketing at the Charleston Regional Development Alliance, said the proposed new tariffs, tougher immigration rules and stricter reviews of foreign investment projects would amount to a "doomsday scenario" for the region.

"This is an education opportunity for us all, for the people making the decisions that don't understand the ramifications."

(1 euro = $1.1350)

(Additional reporting by Edward Taylor in Munich. Editing by David Chance and Tomasz Janowski)


          Re: Confederate Flags Will Definitely Be on Sale at the Lorain County Fair   
When someone with a Confederate battle flag shot up a black church, liberals told us that we must destroy and obliterate every Confederate flag and monument in this country,

But when a Muslim shot up a gay club and murdered 49 people because his book of hate, the Koran, taught him to murder people like that, there was no one calling for the removal of the Koran or Muslims from our country.

Hey liberals -- take your phony outrage and hypocrisy somewhere else.
Posted by D. Miller
          McDaniel College's Budapest campus caught up in Hungarian political fight   

McDaniel College found itself entangled in an international dispute between billionaire philanthropist George Soros and the Hungarian prime minister that's threatened its 23-year-old satellite campus in Budapest. To extricate itself and comply with new Hungarian law, the president of the small, liberal arts college in Westminster met with members of Gov. Larry Hogan 's cabinet and diplomats from the East European nation.


          Voters 'sick of politics', Turnbull says after days of infighting   

Australians have no time for "wreckers", Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says, in a thinly veiled attack on his predecessor Tony Abbott after a week of infighting and division within the Liberal Party.


          Victorian Liberals claim right faction stacking branches with Mormons and Catholics   

Liberals in Victoria claim the party's religious right is "actively recruiting" with Mormons and Catholics, which some fear could eventually lead to more conservative candidates winning pre-selection.


          CN NK: N.B. Group Suggests 19 As Minimum Age To Buy Cannabis   
The Sun Times, 22 Jun 2017 - FREDERICTON - The legal age limit for recreational marijuana use in New Brunswick should be set at 19, a provincial working group recommended Wednesday in a report that also calls for sales to be handled by something similar to a Crown corporation. Health Minister Victor Boudreau said the province's Liberal government will consider the recommendation, but he said the actual age limit could be pushed higher.
          Probyn: Where will Abbott fit in a post-Turnbull Liberal Party?   

As Tony Abbott continues to turn up the heat on the Prime Minister, his potential role in a Liberal party without Malcolm Turnbull remains the most fascinating part of all, writes Andrew Probyn.


          Re: This New NRA Ad Is Not At All Unhinged and Is So Totally Not an Incitement to Violence   
Right-wingers have shot up churches, mosques, synagogues and pizza joints. They've bombed federal buildings and abortion clinics. They've murdered people of color, killed abortion doctors and pointed assault rifles at federal agents.

And Liberals are the violent ones?
Posted by Douglas_Banter
          TS288: The Keepers, Last Man Standing, Celine Dion, Evolution of Lesbianism   
Ding Dong the Witch is dead, goodbye Roger Ailes! This week Bryan found a new love in Disneyland fail videos,  while Erin lost her entire Sunday to “the Keepers” on Netflix. Also, Last Man Standing has been canceled by ABC and conservatives have gone crazy blaming “liberal Hollywood” for it. Plus, curious researchers in Cyprus believe after much research Lesbianism to be an evolutional phenomenon that has occurred only to create arousal in men. 
          A local rhetoric expert helps us examine the new, 'really disturbing' NRA ad   


If you haven't seen it yet, the National Rifle Association recruitment video that came out this week is chilling. It uses dark imagery and rhetoric to paint liberals as the violent enemy of prospective members, one that can only be dealt with through a "clenched fist of truth".

“They use their media to assassinate real news,” seethes conservative commentator Dana Loesch in the 60-second spot.…
          Identity is not always Community   
A few days ago, Rajdeep Sardesai, generally a liberal, reasonable and likable voice in the Indian TV media, tweeted,

Big day for my goa. Two GSBs, both talented politicians become full cabinet ministers. Saraswat pride!! @manoharparrikar and Suresh Prabhu.
I cringed. And not just as someone who, through the random genetic lottery, was born in a family whose caste label reads Goud Saraswat Brahmin (GSB). I was particularly disappointed that an otherwise progressive voice was echoing such medieval sentiments. I tweeted back my disagreement and gave in to the hashtag impulse, labeling it #SaraswatShame. The hashtag was half in jest, half in disappointment, and not exactly accurate, but we'll come to that later.

I was not the only one who found fault with his tweet. Many people pushed back, with the responses ranging from outright abuse to expressions of disappointment. Rajdeep doubled down, responding,

 proud GSB, proud Goan, proud Indian. No contradiction.
And yesterday, he defended himself at length in a column in Hindustan Times titled Identity is not always destiny.

The title of the column is perfect, because identity may not always be destiny, but identity is not always "community" either. In fact, the core of my disagreement with Sardesai lies in conflating caste with community, and placing caste identity in the same bracket as being from a state or a country.

I hate writing stuff like "Oxford/Webster's dictionary defines community as....." so I'll leave it to you to look up exactly what the definition is. But the way I see it, a community is shaped and defined through some common experience or attitude/outlook.

I consider myself a part of many many communities. I am part of Indian, American, Indian-American, Punekar, Mumbaikar, New Yorker, Maharashtrian, Marathi, etc. communities as a result of sharing geography or language and/or nationality with others in that group. I am part of Engineer, IIM, MBA, PhD, Penn State, Academia, Marketing, etc, communities as a result of sharing my education or career related experiences with others in that group. Thinking test cricket is the best sport ever makes me part of the test cricket puritan community. Loving the Pittsburgh Steelers team and cheering it on every season makes me part of the Steeler Nation.

I am not sure what experience or attitude or outlook would or should make me consider myself (and with unabashed pride) part of the GSB community, at least in the 21st century. I can understand caste being considered a source of community identity a century or two ago, when people lived more or less segregated into those castes. But then we all generally realized that the caste system isn't the best topology to adopt if we want to build a good society, because the system seeded and engendered discrimination on the basis of birth.

Almost all Indians I know think (or at least say) that the caste system is a relic that should be relegated to irrelevance in an ideal society. Then a good start would be to think of caste as irrelevant, not as a specious source of pride. And that's where Sardesai's tweet had a problem - by perpetuating that which should ideally be irrelevant.

Sardesai drops a lot of names, from Sachin Tendulkar to Deepika Padukone, when enumerating the "enormous contributions" of our supposed community. But what exactly do Rajdeep or I as GSBs have in common meaningfully with Sachin Tendulkar as a GSB, that we don't with Ajinkya Rahane, also from Mumbai and not (as far as I can tell) a GSB? What have we as GSBs shared with other GSBs other than simply the label of being called GSBs?

Is it the most commonly defined culinary feature of GSBs - we have religious sanction to eat fish? Heh! We do not have religious sanction to eat steaks but clearly both Sardesai and I enjoy a good slab of succulent cow meat.

I don't really consider myself part of the Saraswat "community" and so don't really feel #SaraswatShame in Sardesai's bizarre views. I know being Saraswat is a tiny irrelevant trivial part of my identity, but it's no more defining of me than my identity as a guy with black hair. And I am surprised that someone like Sardesai is conflating such an irrelevant expression of identity with community.

What is the basis of defining this community other than just the label identifying ourselves as such?

Shared history? I won't go into the specifics of the problems with the history-based argument Sardesai makes in his column, mainly because Kaustubh has done it splendidly already.

But history brings me to the other problem with the "Saraswat Pride" sentiment that Sardesai espouses. And that's the history of the privileged and powerful position that brahmins in general, including GSBs, used to hold in the caste system with legal sanction until recently. We had a monopoly on education and on running the religion. We were the "haves" in a system that perpetrated the vilest atrocities, violent as well as insidious, on a large swathe of the population we defined as lower caste or caste-less.

As Sardesai notes a little fallaciously

In this political milieu, the Brahmins have usually lost out because their numerical strength doesn’t justify greater political representation. Which is why it is significant that Parrikar and Prabhu made the cut.
This is a point on which I recently had an argument with some fellow Marathi Brahmin friends as well. This weird self-pitying victim mentality that many Brahmins have about not being uber-dominant in politics the way we are in almost every other aspect of Indian society, from industry to academia to entertainment. Never mind that the proportion of Prime Ministers, Presidents, Chief Ministers, and Governors over the years from the Brahmin community is probably at least 3 times the proportion of Brahmins in the general population (caveat - I haven't crunched the numbers, but I strongly suspect this to be the case based on what I could remember).

But we still love indulging in this weird victim mentality in the "political milieu". Never mind that both guys Sardesai mentions have held positions of political power in the past. Parrikar was the Chief Minister of Goa and Prabhu was a cabinet minister in the last BJP government as well.

Regardless of all this, even if you grant the factually questionable premise that Brahmins are deprived of political power as a result of caste-based politics prevalent in many parts of the country, this cannot be viewed as divorced from history, especially in a democracy. Autocratic rule allowed higher castes to monopolize power, resources, and education for centuries. If 6 decades of democracy has resulted in a backlash electorally, well, suck it up.

Related to this, someone asked me online, "Why do you have problems with Sardesai touting Saraswat pride but you have no problems with people celebrating historic Dalit or OBC achievements in politics?"

I couldn't believe that I had to actually explain it, but here is what I said. Dalit or OBC leaders achieving a position of power after centuries of discrimination and systematic disenfranchisement is actually bucking the trend of history. Righting old wrongs in a way. In terms of a sports metaphor, it's like cheering the underdog. On the other hand, when people from a caste that held power, enjoyed monopoly over intellectual resources and were complicit in perpetuating discrimination until recently start gloating about their achievements, it almost suggests they are implying supremacy again.

It's like.......so many commentators, black and from other races, expressed pride and satisfaction in a black man becoming President of the United States. In the historic context, it makes perfect sense. Your expressions of community pride, to not seem distasteful, have to gel with the historic context.

Let's say the next President of America is white. What Sardesai tweeted was the equivalent of a white news anchor like Brian Williams tweeting "White pride!" in response. And responding to criticism with "Proud white guy, proud Jersey guy, proud American! No contradictions."

Because identity is not always community.

          Micro Machines World Series review   

A couple of years ago, Codemasters attempted to revive the top down racing genre with Toybox Turbos. It was essentially Micro Machines, but without the license to call it Micro Machines and although the gameplay was basic, it managed to capture the essence of what made the original games so special.

The success of that release must have paid off because Micro Machines: World Series sees Codemasters reclaiming that famous name, although with it comes a lot of extra baggage, including some rather odd in-game design choices that fundamentally change the spirit of the series.

While Turbos was a charming nostalgia trip, World Series often feels calculated and almost soulless. Whatever deals were made with Hasbro for the Micro Machines name seem to have come at a price and Nerf branding is slapped liberally over the scenery and the UI. Familiar weapons from Toybox, the Tommy Gun, the Hammer and the Mines are rebranded as Nerf products, while countless Nerf guns litter the tracks and arenas. It all feels a bit like you're playing an advert rather than a game.

Read more…


          Comment on Fueled by $100 Million Donation, San Francisco Aims to Reduce Chronically Homeless Population by Half by James L   
I applaud the one caller for expanding the scope of the issue to include some of the federal government's policy changes since the late 70's, mainly the cuts in funding to departments like HUD. In my opinion Forum in the past has failed to give more weight to the greater context of the housing issue. What one also does not hear included in the discussion both today and in the past are the effects of excessive inflows of people into the country and state. High demand for housing drives up prices and excessive labor drives down wages, it's simple supply and demand. I personally support a diverse society in the practice of my life and consider myself liberal. But it seems like there is no room for having a discussion on a major driving force behind the excess demand for housing, population growth. I resent and perhaps others do to that there is no room for nuance on the issue on the left for the desire to have a slower rate of population growth without being painted as insensitive and wish Forum to take the greater context into account effecting the number of the homeless of our fellow citizens.
          Comment on Trump Administration Unapologetic Following President’s Latest Twitter Tirade by John   
No but perhaps you have that selective liberal memory and have forgotten the far worse things said about Trump, Melania and Baron and the rest of the family. There seems to be no end to the unrelenting assault and vulgar name calling and lies spewed about them.
          Part-time Merchandiser (Nipigon, ON) - Merchandising Consultants Associates (MCA) - Nipigon, ON   
Have a driver’s licence with free and liberal access to an insured vehicle. MCA, MERCHANDISING CONSULTANTS ASSOCIATES, is one of Canada's leading 3rd party...
From Indeed - Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:09:11 GMT - View all Nipigon, ON jobs
          Fallece Giovanni Liu Shigong, un obispo chino torturado por la dictadura comunista   

El obispo Liu Shingong fue torturado por el régimen comunista chino

La Oficina de Prensa del Vaticano informó del reciente fallecimiento de monseñor Giovanni Liu Shigong, obispo de Jining (Tsining) en China continental.

El prelado, que sufría de una enfermedad, falleció el pasado 9 de junio. Durante su vida y como otros obispos chinos, también fue obligado por las autoridades a estar en campos de trabajos forzosos.

Monseñor Liu Shigong nació el 18 de agosto de 1928 en Wulannao; Siziwangqi, ciudad de Wulanchabu). Ingresó al seminario en 1949. Estudió Filosofía en Hohhot, en un instituto que tiempo después fue cerrado.

Fiel a su vocación, tenía una gran piedad y fue incansable en el servicio a la Iglesia

En 1952 volvió al seminario y fue ordenado sacerdote el 15 de agosto de 1956.

Ejerció su ministerio sacerdotal en la parroquia de Guyingzi en Siziwangqi, hasta que en China se prohibió toda actividad religiosa. Fue obligado entonces a dedicarse a labores agrícolas para asegurar su sustento.

“Durante la Revolución Cultural – señala el comunicado del Vaticano – fue obligado, por un cierto periodo, a estar en campos de trabajo forzoso”.

En 1984, tras la liberalización de la actividad religiosa, asumió como párroco de Duyingzi y trabajó en las cuatro parroquias de Siziwangqi.

Fue consagrado obispo de Jining el 12 de octubre de 1985. La nota del Vaticano resalta que “los fieles y los sacerdotes siempre le tuvieron gran afecto y gratitud por su esfuerzo pastoral y por el estilo de vida ejemplar. Fiel a su vocación, tenía una gran piedad y fue incansable en el servicio a la Iglesia y en fidelidad al Señor, con circunstancias favorables o adversas”.

Los funerales del Obispo se celebraron el 15 de junio y fue sepultado en el cementerio católico de Huaershan. La diócesis de Jining tiene unos 65 mil fieles, 29 sacerdotes, 12 religiosas de la Congregación diocesana del Rosario de María, 25 parroquias y 40 lugares de oración.

Intentos de acercamiento entre China y el Vaticano

Las relaciones diplomáticas entre China y el Vaticano se rompieron en 1951, dos años después de la llegada al poder de los comunistas que expulsaron a los clérigos extranjeros. Desde hace algunos años la Santa Sede trabaja en un acuerdo para el restablecimiento de las relaciones diplomáticas con China, un acercamiento alentado por el Papa Francisco.

En agosto de 2014, mientras se dirigía a Corea del Sur, el Santo Padre envió un telegrama al presidente de China cuando su avión sobrevolaba el espacio aéreo del país para expresarle sus mejores deseos.

El hecho de que el Papa haya recibido permiso para sobrevolar el espacio aéreo chino fue considerado como un pequeño paso adelante. El Papa San Juan Pablo II tuvo que evitar el espacio aéreo de este país durante sus viajes a Asia.

La entrada Fallece Giovanni Liu Shigong, un obispo chino torturado por la dictadura comunista aparece primero en Actuall.


          Liberal Anonymity   
This blog is not necessarily one that takes a great amount of notice of the internal workings of our country’s political parties. However, as I listened to my daily dose of John Humphries and his Crazy crew this morning I heard that one of today’s ‘highlights’ at the conference would be a speech by the […]
          Why Do People Want to Kill Each Other Over Politics?   
A philosophically-trained writer at the Federalist says it's because we view the government's power as far more necessary to life and its goods than it really is.
If government power is the people’s best and only hope, then to deny the use of that power, or even to exercise it in the wrong way, is just like killing people. So you are naturally going to long to see the political malefactors behind such a policy struck down, for the same reasons we love the scene in the action movie when the bad guy finally falls off the skyscraper and gets what’s coming to him.

This attitude is not strictly limited to the provinces of the Left where we currently see it so flamboyantly displayed. As we have recently discovered, some on the Right also look to government for salvation, hoping that the right kind of limits on trade and immigration, the right deals made by the right dealmaker, will solve all of our problems—and anyone who doesn’t support that leader is a traitor.

But the basic idea of government as salvation is associated more with the Left, because expanding the power of government is their primary political cause.
Is he right about that? Vox argues that it's impossible to tell conservatives apart from their caricature of conservatives -- and for them, I don't doubt that this is true. Republicans want to kill the poor in order to provide tax cuts for the rich, and that's the only way to understand the policy they're proposing.

I don't care a bit about tax cuts for the rich, but I'd like to see the government get completely out of health care. My reasoning has two parts: most importantly, because government-run health care poses severe challenges to human liberty; less importantly, because the government's effectively-unlimited money distorts markets and produces runaway price inflation. If the government must be involved at all, it should be on the back end, quietly repaying expenses for qualifying veterans (and potentially certain very poor individuals) so that no one realizes that there's an unlimited pool of money they could chase. Then people's capacity to come up with the money up front would serve as a market brake on the inflation, and yet veterans would be able to pursue the health care they want from the doctors they choose -- not ones imposed on them by an uncaring, massive bureaucracy.

But I suppose that's tantamount to saying that I want people to die.


          American Pravda: Did the US Plan a Nuclear First Strike Against Russia in the Early 1960s?   
Several years ago, my articles advocating a large hike in the minimum wage caught the attention of James Galbraith, the prominent liberal economist, and we became a little friendly. As president of Economists for Peace and Security, he invited me to speak on those issues at his DC conference in late 2013. And after the...
          NRA spokesperson "proud" of controversial NRA ad that smeared anti-Trump resistance movement   

National Rifle Association spokesperson Dana Loesch doubled down on her earlier video that characterized dissent against President Donald Trump as “the violence of lies” that needed to be countered with the “clenched fist of truth.” Loesch said she was “proud” of the video and “endorse[d]” it “personally.”

In the ad, which was originally posted on the YouTube page of NRA’s news outlet NRATV in April 2017, Loesch claimed that in their opposition to Trump, left-wing Americans “scream racism, and sexism, and xenophobia, and homophobia, [and] bully and terrorize the law-abiding until the only option left is for the police to do their jobs and stop the madness.” She went on to say the only way to save “our country and our freedom” is with “the clenched fist of truth.”

The video drew widespread criticism after NRATV reposted it on its Facebook page on June 28. In a June 29 article, Vox’s Zack Beauchamp called the video “chilling” and said it “comes this close to calling for a civil war against liberals.” The same day, ThinkProgress’ Aaron Rupar wrote a piece saying the video “stops just short of calling for violence against … progressives.”

During the noon edition of NRATV’s program Stinchfield, which provides live updates at the top of the hour from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. EST, Loesch, who is also an NRATV commentator, doubled down on the spot, calling it a “fantastic ad” that “holds up a mirror to the violent aspects of the left.” Loesch denied that she was inciting violence in the ad, saying that she meant “meeting that violence with simple truth and simple peaceful ideas”: 

GRANT STINCHFIELD (HOST): Dana, this video is like two and a half months old. I’m glad it's getting attention, it got some attention before. More people to watch it, the better in my book.

DANA LOESCH: Absolutely, and Grant, I want to make one thing perfectly clear, I am proud of this ad and I endorse personally the message of this ad. It’s a fantastic ad and it holds up a mirror to the violent aspects of the left. And, Grant, we have seen this time and time again. We saw this violence in Chicago during the campaign for the general election. We saw this violence in the streets of Washington, D.C., during the inauguration -- where there were not just a few, mind you, but a number of a very far leftists who thought that breaking store windows, arson, property damage, physical assault, setting fires in the middle of the street, et cetera, et cetera -- that these were all forms of protected speech and that they were generally acceptable forms of dissent to a fair election. And then of course, Grant, we have seen time and time again on college campuses, individuals react so physically, hostilely to a simple difference of opinion. And so they set fire on their college campuses and once again we see arson, and we see property destruction, and we see physical assault over and over again. I know, Grant, that I don't have to remind you or anyone else of what happened sadly just two weeks ago when a leftist went to a ballfield with a list of Republican congressmen and decided to open fire on GOP congressional members because they were simply Republicans. Now with this ad, Grant, when I say the clenched fists of truth, I mean the clenched fists of truth. And this is where I get the inspiration for that line. Everybody knows what this is, right? Everybody can recognize this? It’s the symbol of the resistance movement. It’s the symbol of the movement that by and large has sanctioned the violence of which I speak. It has sanctioned the arson, and the property destruction, and it has sanctioned the physical assault. So, I didn’t say meet fist with fist. And I didn’t even mention anywhere in this ad to go and purchase a firearm. I specifically, Grant, said clenched fist, not of physical altercation like they promote, but of truth. Meeting in the battleground of ideas, meeting that violence with simple truth and simple, peaceful ideas. That is what we have always been about, and even in the face of continued aggression and violence and destruction from the left, that is what we will continue to be about. 


          Bret Stephens and MSNBC’s hiring spree: The network keeps moving right   


Sarah Wasko / Media Matters

Update: MSNBC and Greta Van Susteren have agreed to part ways.

MSNBC is now a pasture for pseudo-intellectual conservatives. Climate denier and Iraq War booster Bret Stephens is just the latest right-wing hire at the network.

In recent months NBC News Chairman Andy Lack has overseen a hiring spree of right-wing pundits and former Fox News personalities. The stable includes Hugh Hewitt, Megyn Kelly, Charlie Sykes, Greta Van Susteren, and George Will. They join other conservatives at the network: Elise Jordan, Steve Schmidt, Michael Steele, Rick Tyler, Nicolle Wallace, and former Republican congressman Joe Scarborough. This is to say nothing of NBC News contributor and Trump apologist Mark Halperin; and given their frequent appearances, it may be just a matter of time until David Frum, a speechwriter for then-President George W. Bush, former George W. Bush chief of staff Andy Card, and neocon Bill Kristol join the network as well.

Compared to CNN’s boorish Trumpists or the state media apparatchiks at Fox News, the common thread among MSNBC conservatives is a certain pretentious shine. They’re frequently just arguing that President Donald Trump is the wrong type of conservative, when in fact Trump is the apotheosis of everything conservatism has been careening toward for some time. (The exception is Hugh Hewitt, who is now just a huge Trump booster after vacillating during the campaign.) 

Many of these hires have direct, intimate connections to Bush, the most disastrous president in decades. Card, Frum, Jordan, and Wallace worked in the Bush administration, and Stephens, Kristol, Will, Scarborough, and Hewitt were all huge cheerleaders for the Iraq War. And that history matters. Two major media institutions, including a newspaper of record, are now paying Stephens essentially just to troll liberals with climate denial and to push America towards a war with Iran.

You can separate Lack’s hiring spree into two buckets: pundits and brands. Neither offer much value in the long run. In this media environment, opinions are cheap (including mine!). Everyone has one and most of them stink. There’s no long-term return on opinions (and no lack of people wanting to get on TV to share theirs).

Adding brands like Megyn Kelly or Greta Van Susteren is equally pointless. It’s no wonder that both of these shows have failed. There’s simply no audience for them outside the Fox News bubble. Particularly with Kelly, NBC News executives seem completely unaware that her entire show at Fox News was built around racial dog-whistling (with occasional moments of bucking the party line).

Also, as Ryan Grim noted, it is the progressive shows that Lack hasn’t touched that are succeeding the most.

Rather than spending all this money on right-wing pundits and big names, the true value-add for news networks now is reliable and aggressive journalism. That’s hard to do. It’s expensive. It’s time-consuming. But it’s ultimately what will define NBC News and MSNBC.


          Trump's Mika Brzezinski tweets show that he hates women -- especially members of the press   

This morning, the president of the United States used his favorite media platform for addressing the public to remind us of just how little respect he has for women -- especially women in the press.

Shortly before 9 a.m., Trump posted two revoltingly sexist tweets attacking MSNBC’s Morning Joe co-host Mika Brzezinski for her appearance and intellect. The leader of the free world called the morning show anchor “low I.Q. Crazy Mika” and alleged that she had attempted to visit him at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida on New Year’s Eve and was “bleeding badly from a face-lift” at the time.

This isn’t the first time Trump’s attacked women media figures -- it’s not even close -- and it’s also not the first time he’s done it on Twitter. In recent years, he has tweeted that:

He and his campaign targeted reporter Michelle Fields (formerly of Breitbart.com and HuffPost) after then-campaign manager Corey Lewandowski was shown on camera manhandling her at a campaign event.

Trump repeatedly lashed out at Megyn Kelly during the campaign season offline as well, at one point saying in an interview that she had “blood coming out of her wherever.” He also attacked Tur at rallies and in interviews, calling her “Little Katy, third-rate journalist” and “not a very good reporter” and singling her out at press events.

After People’s Natasha Stoynoff reported that Trump had sexually assaulted her in 2005, Trump suggested at a campaign rally that the report was false because Stoynoff wasn’t attractive, saying, "You take a look. Look at her. Look at her words. You tell me what you think. I don't think so.”

Earlier this week, Trump was openly reducing another professional reporter to her body, pausing an official diplomatic call in the Oval Office to comment on Irish reporter Caitriona Perry’s smile.

This post has been updated to reflect that Michelle Fields no longer works at HuffPost. 


          Israeli PM delays conversion bill that angered liberal Jews   

A bill that would enshrine ultra-Orthodox monopoly over Jewish conversions in Israel will be postponed, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Friday in an apparent attempt to calm tensions with U.S. Jewish groups. The bill, along with a decision to scrap plans for a mixed-gender prayer area at Jerusalem's Western Wall this week, has angered liberal American Jewish groups, which have hinted the issues could undermine their longstanding political, financial and emotional support for Israel.


           Israeli PM delays conversion bill that angered liberal Jews    
JERUSALEM (AP) - A bill that would enshrine ultra-Orthodox monopoly over Jewish conversions in Israel will be postponed, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu...
          Social liberalism and traditional values | Letters   
Joe McCarthy advises the Guardian to stick to its liberal guns, while Josephine Brady says society must not confuse ‘traditional’ views with intolerant ones

In response to Paul Tench’s plea for more room for the conservative perspective in the Guardian (Where is the space for traditional values?, Letters, 29 June), I’d like to ask you to stick to your liberal guns. Being a pro-choice, leftwing, feminist living in a traditionally socially conservative society can be quite oppressive. Reading the Guardian is a welcome antidote and I know I am not alone in Ireland in thinking so. Please keep up the good work.
Joe McCarthy
Dublin

• The letter from Paul Tench was interesting, but I was surprised that his list of traditional values was equated largely with Protestant and Catholic. There are many people who consider themselves “socially liberal” who value marriage, commitment and fidelity and who hold nuanced views on matters such as abortion, euthanasia and a bit of peace and quiet on a Sunday. They may have a religious belief but most will not. I don’t think it’s ever helpful to assume that holding the above views makes one a conservative. And I do think that you should try harder to find writers who express a range of opinion.
Jane Lawson
London

Continue reading...
          Why birds of a feather might bicker together | Letters   
Labour rebels | Remoaners | Minimum wage | Loose change | Charcoal toothpaste | Quarrelsome goldfinches

Thanks, Jeremy Corbyn, for making me feel like an utterly naive fool, after urging my first-time-voting twins that it’s worth voting for a party that will oppose a strong Brexit and protect workers’ rights (Report, 30 June). Sacking people for not agreeing: what a strong and stable example.
Elisabeth Young
Whitstable, Kent

• Your orgy of metrocentric remoaning (Letters, 30 June) overlooks once again the precariat, abandoned by socialists and liberals alike, who voted to end the mass free movement into the UK of poor east Europeans. Those leave voters aren’t racist or misinformed – they’re just ignored.
Chris Hughes
Leicester

Continue reading...
          El mantra del cambio-fraude en Cuba   
El mantra del cambio-fraude en Cuba
ANDRÉS REYNALDO

Las cosas han cambiado con Raúl.

Ese es el mantra del cambio-fraude. Repítelo y caerás en un cómodo
estado mental en el cual Cuba no es realidad y memoria sino propaganda y
olvido. El nirvana de la servidumbre a la dictadura.

No cabe duda de que han cambiado las cosas. De la cerrera fórmula
fidelista de toda la represión posible, aunque no fuera necesaria, y
ningún mercado, aunque fuera posible y necesario, Raúl ha pasado a la
fórmula de toda la represión que le sea necesaria y sólo el mercado que
le sea conveniente.

Fidel cristalizó a Cuba en su imagen: el superlíder de la izquierda
metralleta, cutre y sandalista que administra el poder y la leyenda.
Raúl (hay que decirlo a su favor) no entra en estas megalomanías. Su
madre debió haberlo querido mucho más que al otro. Eso es evidente. Para
Raúl, Cuba no es la enfermiza metáfora universal de su persona, sino la
finca concreta, con su valla de gallos y su prostíbulo, que debe
permanecer en la familia. Lo suyo es administrar el poder y la gozadera.
Pero dictadura al fin. El mismo disco duro con un nuevo software con
sones para turistas. La franquicia de la opresión sigue (y va camino de
seguir después de Raúl) en manos de los Castro.

Normalmente, cuando alguien te dice que alguna cosa ha cambiado, tú
sabes (y si no sabes, preguntas) con respecto a qué. Así, podemos decir
que con el mismo Fidel las cosas cambiaron más de una vez. Sin que esto
hubiera servido para nada. Por ejemplo, cambiaron para menos peor si
comparamos la década de 1960 con la de 1980. Luego, reempeoraron de
vuelta a principios de la década de 1990. Siempre de peor para menos
peor, y viceversa. Pues si hablamos de cambios para mejor habría que
llevar la tabla comparativa a diciembre de 1958. El problema es que
nadie se atreve a tocar esa tecla. Ni en Cuba ni en Miami. Porque lo
irrefutable, lo trágico, lo obvio, el dato molesto que deslizamos bajo
la alfombra con autodestructivo disimulo, es que el batistato fue
nuestro último referente de bienestar y, respecto al castrismo, también
de libertades.

Cuando nos dicen que las cosas han cambiado con Raúl en verdad nos están
diciendo que no le pidamos ningún cambio a Raúl. De este modo, debemos
tomar a la nueva clase media raulista, opuesta a las reformas políticas,
como fe de una falaz apertura económica.

Estos cuentapropistas constituyen un fenómeno único en la historia. Se
trata de una clase empresarial que le exige a una nación extranjera el
mercado que le prohíben en la suya. En cuanto a las garantías
ciudadanas, debemos tomar por liberalización la posibilidad de criticar
aquellos temas en que la dictadura haya levantado la veda. Jugando con
la cadena pero no con el perro. La vigilada crítica del ayer como
lavatorio del abuso de hoy y de mañana. En la condena a la espontánea
homofobia inherente a nuestra sociedad se lava la responsabilidad por la
persecución institucional a los homosexuales. En cuanto a la cultura, el
rechazo al remoto quinquenio gris ayuda a lavar la sibilina garra del
actual quinquenio prieto.

Parafraseando la trillada máxima de Giuseppe de Lampedusa: Raúl está
cambiando lo necesario para que nada cambie. A diferencia de Fidel, no
pretende dejarle al mundo una gesta titánica. Lo suyo es dejarles a sus
hijos las llaves de la caja fuerte. Suelta ya ese mantra. Las cosas
habrán cambiado con Raúl cuando cambien a pesar de Raúl.

Source: El mantra del cambio-fraude en Cuba | El Nuevo Herald -
http://www.elnuevoherald.com/opinion-es/opin-col-blogs/andres-reynaldo/article158837229.html
          The hype, reality, and causes of the global trade slowdown   
Trade liberalisation has been a significant driver of globalisation over the past half century, but global trade has slowed in recent years. This column argues that globalisation can also be driven by higher commodity prices, as commodities constitute a large fraction of global trade. This is reflected in trade volumes and commodity prices, which increased until around 2014 but have fallen since. Commodity price-driven globalisation implies lower living standards in advanced countries, as the higher commodity prices diminish the purchasing power of workers. 
          Bucknell University announces College of Management   

The 100-plus-year history of management education at Bucknell University enters a new era as the University's School of Management officially becomes the College of Management. The launch of the college establishes a third academic pillar of Bucknell University, where the vitality and inquisitive spirit of a liberal arts education informs top-notch professional programs. The College of Management strengthens Bucknell's distinctive offerings in an undergraduate, residential learning environment.LEWISBERG, Pa., June 30, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The 100-plus-year history of management education at Bucknell enters a new era as the University's School of Management officially becomes the College of Management. "The creation of the College of Management is a bold step in our...



          Live: Watch MLAs debate ahead of B.C. non-confidence vote   
A confidence vote is expected today in the B.C. Legislature that will likely see the recently elected Liberal minority government fall. The B.C. NDP-Green alliance has said it will use its 44 votes in the house to pass a non-confidence amendment to Premier Christy Clark’s throne speech at around 5:30 p.m. The Liberals hold 43 seats. […]
          Mike Smyth: Clark wants another election — but doesn’t want to be blamed for it   
Christy Clark keeps saying that nobody wants another election in British Columbia. But when her Liberal government is defeated on a non-confidence vote on Thursday, there will be only two options available to Lieutenant-Governor Judith Guichon. Guichon can ask NDP Leader John Horgan to form a new government, supported by the third-place Green party. Or […]
          Mike Smyth: NDP-Greens close in on Christy Clark’s Liberals   
It was an all-too-clever attempt by Christy Clark to break up the political bromance between the two guys who want to steal her throne. But NDP Leader John Horgan and Green party Leader Andrew Weaver were having none of it. Horgan and Weaver have vowed to bring down Clark’s minority Liberal government at the first […]
          Then and Now: What the B.C. Liberals promised during the election, and what they’re offering now   
As she has been hinting for the last week, Premier Christy Clark’s throne speech flip-flopped on major issues ranging from social services to transit, abandoning long-held Liberal positions in favour of policies championed by her political rivals. The chart below compares what the Liberals promised during the campaign to what they said in their uncharacteristic […]
          6/30/2017: CANADA: Confidence vote in B.C. sends Liberals packing   

VICTORIA— British Columbia’s minority Liberal government lost a nonconfidence vote Thursday in the legislature, setting the stage for the NDP to govern or for another election. No members of the legislature broke ranks as the Greens backed the New...
          Break Up the Banks   
Big banks are bad for free markets. Far from being engines of free enterprise, they are conducive to what might be called “crony capitalism,” “corporatism,” or, in Jonah Goldberg’s provocative phrase, “liberal fascism.” There is a free-market case for breaking up large financial institutions: that our big banks are the product, not of economics, but of politics.There’s a long debate to be had about the maximum size to which a bank should be allowed to grow, and about how to go about breaking up banks that become too large. But I want to focus instead on the general objections to
Read More ...
          The Polish example   
This speech in Poland by the God-Emperor sounds promising.
President Trump will ask other European nations to “take inspiration” from Poland, which has rejected refugee resettlement, in a speech later this week.

National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster told reporters Thursday that President Trump will deliver a speech in Warsaw’s Krasinski Square, which symbolizes Polish heroism. He is flying to Poland next Wednesday and stopping there before he attends the G20 summit in Hamburg.

McMaster said that Trump will deliver a “major speech” in which he will “praise Polish courage” and its “emergence as a European power.” The nation is currently ruled by a nationalist Christian party that has rejected refugee resettlement and mass immigration.
Of course, the President's message would be more meaningful if he would follow the Polish example and reject refugee resettlement and mass immigration in the USA too.

The Czech example isn't bad either:
The Czech parliament is working to liberalize the country’s gun laws, allowing people to better defend themselves. The reason for this new policy is safety, as well as practicality; in light of recent attacks in neighboring countries, the Czech government recognizes that disarming people puts them in danger, and that broad European gun control policies are ineffective. The Interior Minister said it best when he asked parliament to “show [him] a single terrorist attack in Europe perpetrated using a legally-owned weapon”.

          Spare him the fainting couches   
Kurt Schlichter is done with the bow-tied crowd and their principled conservatism:
I think it was mildly amusing that some loud right-wingers spent a minute disrupting a bunch of New York liberals’ conservative murder porn party.

There, I said it. And now, according to some people on the conservative side, I’m not a conservative anymore.

Oh. Well, if conservatism has morphed into a human centipede of onanistic purity-signaling, then you fussy guardians of the word can have it.

Now, there is a coherent and reasonable argument that hitting back liberals with a taste of their own medicine – that is, inflicting upon them a microscopic fraction of what they have spent decades inflicting upon us – is a bad idea. People I respect and who are friends adhere to this view. I’ve listened to their opinions – because they have earned my attention – and they are wrong....

First, the “If it’s wrong for them to do it to us, then it’s wrong if we do it to them” formulation is less a principle than a tired cliché. This minor disruption was a tactic; shouting was a tool. It is moral for the good guys – and we are the good guys – to use tactics and tools against an enemy that are immoral when they do it. It was immoral for the Nazis to bomb London; it was moral for us to bomb Nazis. Of course every tactic and tool is not acceptable, but the guys who stormed Omaha Beach did not “become what they were fighting” because they used the same tools and tactics as the enemy.

Second, this sort of performance art is so harmless that the cost/benefit calculus weighs in favor of tolerating such occasional inconveniences. That’s not to say we should not impose higher costs on them – we disapprove of the firing of people for what they say, but Kathy Griffin’s defenestration was a sacrifice worth making to demonstrate the costs of liberal misbehavior. This is crucial. They must pay a cost for establishing their new rules.

Call it retribution or punishment or just payback, but causing pain to wrongdoers is a conservative principle we seem to have forgotten. The left needs to feel the pain that comes from their choices. If they want a world where people suffer for speaking, well, I prefer they didn’t, but I damn well know that if that’s the new rule, their side is going to get it shoved down their throat.
Welcome to the Alt-Lite. It's a step in the right direction. What Alt Lite culture warriors like Jack Posobiec, Mike Cernovich, and James O'Keefe are doing matters. And shaking off the self-imposed shackles of "conservative principles" is the first step towards actually engaging the enemy.
          6/30/2017: MR. PREMIER-DESIGNATE   

B.C.’s New Democrats will return to power at the legislature for the first time in 16 years after toppling Premier Christy Clark’s Liberals Thursday and being asked by the lieutenantgovernor to form a government. NDP Leader John Horgan was summoned to...
          In The Land Of Bill Gates, A Standoff Over Money For Schools | GOOD Education   
In The Land Of Bill Gates, A Standoff Over Money For Schools | GOOD Education:

In The Land Of Bill Gates, A Standoff Over Money For Schools
Not one of Washington State’s 13 resident billionaires pays a dime in income tax.



ZACHARY WARREN SPENDS A LOT OF HIS TIME THINKING ABOUT CHAIRS. Desk chairs, to be more specific. Though there’s a range of chair sizes in the classroom where he’s taught for years in the Seattle Public School system, he says, “They don’t fit the kids. The desks don’t fit the kids.”
The problem, Warren believes, is that public education in his state isn’t fully-funded. Which means equipment doesn’t always work. Or adequate supplies simply aren’t available. So teachers like him — who already struggle to make it on salaries that are well below what it takes to live in the blazing Seattle housing market — must dig into their own pockets to pay for them. And when it comes to desk chairs, well, they aren’t exactly available for a couple bucks at the corner store.
Teachers being asked to foot the bill isn’t a pattern that’s limited to Washington; it’s a nationwide problem, due in large part to the fact that teachers, who are evaluated on student success, can’t do their jobs without basic supplies. But it’s surprising that in a prosperous state with a booming economy — home to two of the world’s biggest corporations, Amazon and Microsoft — schools can’t seem to put the coins together to pay for pencils and paste.
It’s a familiar conundrum for the Washington State legislature. Colloquially referred to as the WaLeg, the state government entered its second special session this month, an extension to the 2017 legislative period. Though the word “special” is right in the name, there’s nothing unique or surprising about the fact that lawmakers are staying in Olympia, the capitol, for an extra 30 days. It happens almost every year.
Despite the state’s reputation as a liberal haven, the WaLeg is split nearly dead in half down the aisle (the Senate has 24 Democrats and 25 Republicans, while the House has 50 Democrats and 48 Republicans). It’s a division that has led to some unusual funding shortfalls in one of the nation’s wealthiest states: Not a single one In The Land Of Bill Gates, A Standoff Over Money For Schools | GOOD Education:



          4 Hidden Dangers of Pork   
Pork is the most commonly consumed meat in the world, but may also be one of the most dangerous.

Among foods that inspire a cult-like following, pork often leads the pack, as evidenced by the 65% of Americans eager to name bacon the country’s national food.

Unfortunately, that popularity comes at a cost. Along with being the most commonly consumed meat in the world, pork may also be one of the most dangerous, carrying some important and under-discussed risks that any consumer should be aware of (1).

1. Hepatitis E

Thanks to the revival of nose-to-tail eating, offal has redeemed itself among health enthusiasts, especially liver, which is prized for its vitamin A content and massive mineral lineup.

But when it comes to pork, liver might be risky business.

In developed nations, pork liver is the top food-based transmitter of hepatitis E, a virus that infects 20 million people each year and can lead to acute illness (fever, fatigue, jaundice, vomiting, joint pain and stomach pain), enlarged liver and sometimes liver failure and death (23).

Most hepatitis E cases are stealthily symptom-free, but pregnant women can experience violent reactions to the virus, including fulminant hepatitis (rapid-onset liver failure) and a high risk of both maternal and fetal mortality (4). In fact, mothers who get infected during their third trimester face a death rate of up to 25% (5).

In rare cases, hepatitis E infection can lead to myocarditis (an inflammatory heart disease), acute pancreatitis (painful inflammation of the pancreas), neurological problems (including Guillain-Barré syndrome and neuralgic amyotrophy), blood disorders and musculoskeletal problems, such as elevated creatine phosphokinase, indicating muscle damage, and multi-joint pain (in the form of polyarthralgia) (678).

People with compromised immune systems, including organ transplant recipients on immunosuppressive therapy and people with HIV, are more likely to suffer from these severe hepatitis E complications (9).

So, just how alarming are pork’s contamination stats? In America, about 1 out of every 10 store-bought pig livers tests positive for hepatitis E, which is slightly higher than the 1 in 15 rate in the Netherlands and 1 in 20 rate in the Czech Republic (1011). One study in Germany found that about 1 in 5 pork sausages were contaminated (12).

France’s traditional figatellu, a pig liver sausage that’s often consumed raw, is a confirmed hepatitis E carrier (13). In fact, in regions of France where raw or rare pork is a common delicacy, over half the local population shows evidence of hepatitis E infection (14).

Japan, too, is facing rising hepatitis E concerns as pork gains popularity (15). And in the UK? Hepatitis E shows up in pork sausages, in pork liver and at pork slaughterhouses, indicating the potential for widespread exposure among pork consumers (16).

It might be tempting to blame the hepatitis E epidemic on commercial farming practices, but in the case of the pig, wilder doesn’t mean safer. Hunted boars, too, are frequent hepatitis E carriers, capable of passing on the virus to game-eating humans (1718).

Apart from total pork abstinence, the best way to slash hepatitis E risk is in the kitchen. This stubborn virus can survive the temperatures of rare-cooked meat, making high heat the best weapon against infection (19). For virus deactivation, cooking pork products for at least 20 minutes to an internal temperature of 71°C (160°F) seems to do the trick (20).

However, fat can protect hepatitis viruses from heat destruction, so fattier cuts of pork might need extra time or toastier temperatures (21).

Summary: Pork products, particularly liver, frequently carry hepatitis E, which can cause severe complications and even death in vulnerable populations. Thorough cooking is necessary to deactivate the virus.

2. Multiple Sclerosis

One of the most surprising risks associated with pork — one that’s received remarkably little airtime — is multiple sclerosis (MS), a devastating autoimmune condition involving the central nervous system.

The robust link between pork and MS has been known at least since the 1980s, when researchers analyzed the relationship between per capita pork consumption and MS across dozens of countries (22).

While pork-averse nations like Israel and India were nearly spared from MS’s degenerative grips, more liberal consumers, such as West Germany and Denmark, faced sky-high rates.

In fact, when all countries were considered, pork intake and MS showed a whopping correlation of 0.87 (p<0.001), which is much higher and more significant than the relationship between MS and fat intake (0.63, p<0.01), MS and total meat intake (0.61, p<0.01) and MS and beef consumption (no significant relationship).

For perspective, a similar study of diabetes and per capita sugar intake found a correlation of just under 0.60 (p<0.001) when analyzing 165 countries (23).

As with all epidemiological findings, the correlation between pork consumption and MS can’t prove that one causes the other (or even that, within MS-stricken countries, the most enthusiastic pork consumers were the most diseased). But as it turns out, the evidence vault goes much deeper.

Earlier, a study of inhabitants of the Orkney and Shetland Islands of Scotland, a region teeming with unusual delicacies, including seabird eggs, raw milk and undercooked meat, found only one dietary association with MS — consumption of “potted head,” a dish made from boiled pig’s brain (24).

Among Shetland residents, a significantly higher proportion of MS patients had consumed potted head in their youth, compared to healthy, age and sex-matched controls (25).

This is particularly relevant because — per other research — MS that strikes in adulthood might stem from environmental exposures during adolescence (26).

The potential for pig brain to trigger nerve-related autoimmunity isn’t just an observational hunch, either. Between 2007 and 2009, a cluster of 24 pork plant workers mysteriously fell ill with progressive inflammatory neuropathy, which is characterized by MS-like symptoms such as fatigue, numbness, tingling and pain (2728).

The source of the outbreak? So-called “pig brain mist” — tiny particles of brain tissue blasted into the air during carcass processing (29).

When workers inhaled these tissue particles, their immune systems, per standard protocol, formed antibodies against the foreign porcine antigens.

But those antigens happened to bear an uncanny resemblance to certain neural proteins in humans. And the result was a biological calamity: confused about who to fight, the workers’ immune systems launched a guns-blazing attack on their own nerve tissue (3031).

Although the resulting autoimmunity wasn’t identical to multiple sclerosis, that same process of molecular mimicry, where foreign antigens and self-antigens are similar enough to trigger an autoimmune response, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of MS (3233).

Of course, unlike pig brain mist, hot dogs and ham aren’t literally inhaled (teenage boys notwithstanding). Could pork still transmit problematic substances through ingestion?

The answer is a speculative yes. For one, certain bacteria, particularly Acinetobacter, are involved in molecular mimicry with myelin, the nerve-sheathing substance that becomes damaged in MS (3435).

Although the role of pigs as Acinetobacter carriers hasn’t been exhaustively studied, the bacteria has been found in pig feces, on pig farms and in bacon, pork salami and ham, where it serves as a spoilage organism (36373839). If pork acts as a vehicle for Acinetobacter transmission (or in any way increases the risk of human infection), a link with MS would make sense.

Two, pigs may be silent and under-studied carriers of prions, misfolded proteins that drive neurodegenerative disorders like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (the human version of mad cow) and Kuru (found among cannibal societies) (40).

Some researchers suggest MS itself could be a prion disease, one that targets oligodendrocytes, the cells that produce myelin (41). And since prions — and their associated diseases— are transmitted by consuming infected nerve tissue, it’s possible that prion-harboring pork products could be one link in the MS chain (42).

Summary: A causative role of pork in MS is far from a closed case, but the unusually strong epidemiological patterns, biological plausibility and documented experiences make further research imperative.

3. Liver Cancer and Cirrhosis

Liver problems tend to trail closely on the heels of some predictable risk factors, namely hepatitis B and C infection, exposure to aflatoxin (a carcinogen produced by mold) and excessive alcohol intake (434445).

But buried in the scientific literature is another potential scourge of liver health — pork.

For decades, pork consumption has faithfully echoed liver cancer and cirrhosis rates around the world. In multi-country analyses, the correlation between pork and cirrhosis mortality clocked in at 0.40 (p<0.05) using 1965 data, 0.89 (p<0.01) using mid-1970s data, 0.68 (p=0.003) using 1996 data and 0.83 (p=0.000) using 2003 data (4647).

In those same analyses, among the 10 Canadian provinces, pork bore a correlation of 0.60 (p<0.01) with death from liver cirrhosis, while alcohol, perhaps due to an overall low intake, showed no significant link.

And in statistical models incorporating known perils for the liver (alcohol consumption, hepatitis B infection and hepatitis C infection), pork remained independently associated with liver disease, suggesting the association isn’t just due to pork piggybacking, as the case may be, on a different causative agent (48).

Beef, by contrast, remained liver-neutral or protective in these studies.

Liver cancer, too, tends to follow in the hoof steps of the pig. A 1985 analysis showed that pork intake correlated with hepatocellular carcinoma deaths as strongly as alcohol did (0.40, p<0.05 for both) (49). (Considering liver cirrhosis is often a prelude to cancer, this connection shouldn’t be surprising (50).)

So, what’s behind these eerie associations?

At first glance, the most likely explanations don’t pan out. Although pork-transmitted hepatitis E can lead to liver cirrhosis, this happens almost exclusively in immunosuppressed people, a subset of the population that’s too small to account for the global correlation (51).

Relative to other meat, pork tends to be high in omega-6 fatty acids, including linoleic acid and arachidonic acid, which may play a role in liver disease (525354). But vegetable oils, whose polyunsaturated fatty acid content blows pork out of the water, don’t dance the same liver disease tango that pork does, calling into question whether fat is really to blame (5556).

Heterocyclic amines, a class of carcinogens formed by cooking meat (including pork) at high temperatures, contribute to liver cancer in a variety of animals (57). But these compounds are also readily formed in beef, according to the same studies that indicated pork has no positive relationship with liver disease (5859).

With all that in mind, it’d be easy to dismiss the pork-liver disease link as an epidemiological fluke. However, some plausible mechanisms do exist.

The most likely contender involves nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic compounds created when nitrites and nitrates react with certain amines (from protein), particularly in high heat (60). These compounds have been linked to damage and cancer in a variety of organs, including the liver (61).

One of the biggest dietary sources of nitrosamines is processed pork, which, along with being a frequent visitor to the frying pan, typically contains nitrites and nitrates as curing agents. (Vegetables are also rich in naturally occurring nitrates, but their antioxidant content and dearth of protein help thwart the process of N-nitrosation, preventing them from becoming cancer-causing agents (62).)

Significant levels of nitrosamines have been found in pork liver pâté, bacon, sausage, ham and other cured meats (636465). The fatty portion of pork products, in particular, tends to accumulate much higher levels of nitrosamines than the lean bits, making bacon a particularly abundant source (66).

The presence of fat can also turn vitamin C into a nitrosamine promoter instead of a nitrosamine inhibitor, so pairing pork with veggies might not confer much protection (67).

Although much of the nitrosamine-liver cancer research has focused on rodents, where certain nitrosamines produce liver injury with remarkable ease, the effect appears in humans as well (6869). In fact, some researchers suggest humans may be even more sensitive to nitrosamines than mice and rats (70).

In Thailand, for instance, nitrosamines have been strongly linked to liver cancer in areas where other risk factors are low (71). A 2010 analysis of the NIH-AARP cohort found red meat (including pork), processed meat (including processed pork), nitrates and nitrites to be positively associated with chronic liver disease. Rubber workers, occupationally exposed to nitrosamines, have faced extremely high rates of non-alcohol-related liver disease and cancer (72).

Do nitrosamines prove a chain of causation between pork, liver-harming compounds and liver disease? The evidence is currently too patchy to make that claim, but the risk is plausible enough to justify limiting nitrosamine-containing (or nitrosamine-producing) pork products, including bacon, ham, hot dogs and sausages made with sodium nitrite or potassium nitrate.

Summary: Strong epidemiological links exist between pork consumption and liver disease. If these links reflect cause and effect, one culprit might be N-nitroso compounds, which are found abundantly in processed pork products cooked at high temperatures.

4. Yersinia

For years, pork’s precautionary motto was “well-done or bust,” a consequence of fears about trichinosis, a type of roundworm infection that ravaged pork consumers throughout much of the 20th century (73).

Thanks to changes in feeding practices, farm hygiene and quality control, pig-borne trichinosis has dropped off the radar, inviting pink pork back onto the menu.

But pork’s relaxed heat rules may have opened the doors for a different type of infection — yersiniosis, which is caused by Yersinia bacteria. In the US alone, Yersiniacauses 35 deaths and almost 117,000 cases of food poisoning each year (74). Its chief entry route for humans? Undercooked pork.

Yersiniosis’s acute symptoms are rough enough — fever, pain, bloody diarrhea — but its long-term consequences are what should really ring alarm bells. Victims of Yersiniapoisoning face a 47-times higher risk of reactive arthritis, a type of inflammatory joint disease triggered by infection (75).

Even children become post-Yersinia arthritis targets, sometimes requiring chemical synovectomy (the injection of osmic acid into a troubled joint) to relieve persistent pain (7677).

And in the less-common instances where Yersinia doesn’t bring the typical feverish, diarrheic unpleasantries? Reactive arthritis can develop even when the original infection was asymptomatic, leaving some victims unaware that their arthritis is a consequence of food-borne illness (78).

Although reactive arthritis usually subsides on its own over time, Yersinia victims remain at higher risk of chronic joint problems, including ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, tenosynovitis and rheumatoid arthritis, for years on end (798081).

Some evidence suggests that Yersinia can lead to neurological complications (82). Infected individuals with iron overload may be at higher risk of multiple liver abscesses, potentially leading to death (838485). And among people who are genetically susceptible, anterior uveitis, inflammation of the eye’s iris, is also more likely following a bout of Yersinia (8687).

Lastly, via molecular mimicry, Yersinia infection could also raise the risk of Graves’ disease, an autoimmune condition characterized by excessive thyroid hormone production (8889).

The solution? Bring on the heat. The majority of pork products (69% of tested samples, according to a Consumer Reports analysis) are contaminated with Yersiniabacteria, and the only way to safeguard against infection is through proper cooking. An internal temperature of at least 145°F for whole pork and 160°F for ground pork is necessary to decimate any lingering pathogen.

Summary: Undercooked pork can transmit Yersinia bacteria, causing short-term illness and raising the risk of reactive arthritis, chronic joint conditions, Graves’ disease and other complications.

In Conclusion

So, should health-savvy omnivores scrap pork from the menu?

The jury’s still out. For two of pork’s problems — hepatitis E and Yersinia — aggressive cooking and safe handling are enough to minimize the risk. And due to a shortage of controlled, pork-centric research capable of establishing causation, pork’s other red flags spring from epidemiology — a field rife with confounders and unjustified confidence.

Worse, many diet-and-disease studies lump pork together with other types of red meat, diluting whatever associations might exist with pork alone.

These issues make it hard to isolate the health effects of pig-derived products and determine the safety of their consumption.

That being said, caution is probably warranted. The sheer magnitude, consistency and mechanistic plausibility of pork’s connection with several serious diseases make the chances of a true risk more likely.

Until further research is available, you might want to think twice about going hog-wild on pork.

This article was originally published by Authority Nutrition.

 

 

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          NRA Declares War on Liberals.    
I've been writing about the Republican authoritarian movement for some time now along with their sheepishly devoted voters. They've been vilifying liberals, progressives and Democrats for years. Not coincidentally, I've also noticed my conservative friend in Milwaukee has made the attacks more personal, with an arrogance rooted from one party rule. After all, they "won" and will never lose power again. And according to my friend, with the appointment of conservative judges, liberals will lose in the courts as well.  

NRA Ad Warning: What I've seen from tweets and blog commentary is perfectly summed up in the recent NRA ad. It is literally all there, with the added call to arms of course. Trump's blatant attack on the First Amendments very clear protections of the press, the rise of right wing media, and the many years of vilifying  "the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances," the NRA ad may be the marker right wing authoritarians have been waiting for. Especially after the way this ad hit the fan:


"They use their media to assassinate real news. They use their schools to teach children that their president is another Hitler. They use their movie stars and singers and comedy shows and award shows to repeat their narrative over and over again. And then they use their ex-president to endorse “the resistance.”

All to make them march. Make them protest. Make them scream racism and sexism and xenophobia and homophobia. To smash windows, burn cars, shut down interstates and airports, bully and terrorize the law-abiding — until the only option left is for the police to do their jobs and stop the madness.

And when that happens, they’ll use it as an excuse for their outrage. The only way we stop this, the only way we save our country and our freedom, is to fight this violence of lies with the clenched fist of truth.

I’m the National Rifle Association of America. And I’m freedom’s safest place."
As Vox's Zack Beauchamp put it:
This chilling NRA ad calls on its members to save America by fighting liberals: A liberal insurgency is destroying American society. The “only way” to protect yourself from this surge in left-wing violence (a made-up threat, to be clear) is to donate to the NRA.

In a 2013 op-ed, for example, NRA Vice President Wayne LaPierre argued that a lawless America was inevitable if the liberals succeeded in their nefarious plan to take your guns … it functions as a kind of anti-politics — casting the NRA’s political opponents as devious enemies who can’t be opposed through normal politics. Republicans control all three branches of government and a large majority of statehouses nationwide. There is literally zero chance that any kind of major gun control passes in America in the foreseeable future.

The threat, instead, is from a kind of liberal-cultural fifth column: People who are acting outside of legitimate political channels to upend American freedoms, through protest and violence. It’s a paranoid vision of American life that encourages the NRA’s fans to see liberals not as political opponents, but as monsters.
The ad features right-wing pundit Dana Loesch, who seems determined to turn everything in our country beet red:


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          Peer-Reviewed Research: Penises Cause Warming   


By Professor Doom

     Advanced mathematics is not for the uninitiated. Even with years of training, it’s easy enough to go to a research seminar and have at best merely a basic idea of what the latest findings are about. Experts in the field usually understand completely of course, but even if what’s being said seems incomprehensible to the layman there’s no way you can “fake it” well enough to fool an expert. In short: while both an expert mathematician and a lunatic can spew what looks like mathematical gibberish, only the former can do it in a way that’s still comprehensible to mathematicians. You just can’t fake it well enough to fool an expert.

      I’ve looked at research in other fields, with the belief that I’d only understand only the basics. Thus, I was surprised to find “advanced topics” in Education and Administration are incredibly basic and accessible to anyone, even if other fields (hi Physics!) definitely made me feel quite limited in my understanding of advanced topics.

     I know full well if I tried to imitate writing and research in advanced physics, an expert would casually shred my gibberish. And I’ve demonstrate that with no effort I can emulate “advanced” Education and Administration writing.

      Gender studies and gender related studies are big on campus anymore. Casual inspection on my part led me to believe it was meaningless at best, and ideological indoctrination at worst. I’m hardly the only scholar to make such conjectures, but scholars know that “conjecture” is just a fancy way to say “guess.” A couple of scholars decided to prove this stuff is just plain ol’ crap:


-- Sokal1 refers to a previous hoax played on these guys, years ago.

     The two “researchers” made a point of generating a 3,000 word paper packed with jargon and devoid of any meaning. A sample paragraph will give the gist of it:
Destructive, unsustainable hegemonically male approaches to pressing environmental policy and action are the predictable results of a raping of nature by a male-dominated mindset. This mindset is best captured by recognizing the role of [sic] the conceptual penis holds over masculine psychology. When it is applied to our natural environment, especially virgin environments that can be cheaply despoiled for their material resources and left dilapidated and diminished when our patriarchal approaches to economic gain have stolen their inherent worth, the extrapolation of the rape culture inherent in the conceptual penis becomes clear….

     The whole paper of fake research is much like the above, with the key conclusion:
The conceptual penis presents significant problems for gender identity and reproductive identity within social and family dynamics, is exclusionary to disenfranchised communities based upon gender or reproductive identity, is an enduring source of abuse for women and other gender-marginalized groups and individuals, is the universal performative source of rape, and is the conceptual driver behind much of climate change.

      The entire above paragraph is actually just one sentence, but the reader could be forgiven for not reading it through. Allow me to edit it down to at least a minimal level of comprehensibility (keeping in mind the authors were deliberately trying not to be understood):
The conceptual penis…is the conceptual driver behind much of climate change.

      The paper is pure gibberish, little different than simply stringing along a bunch of mathematical symbols and believing it to mean something. The researchers even used a well-known (in the right circles) piece of software to generate the “research.” Yes, this field is so ridiculous (despite the regularly growing departments on campus) that somebody actually wrote a research paper generator for it:
Some references cite the Postmodern Generator, a website coded in the 1990s by Andrew Bulhak featuring an algorithm…that returns a different fake postmodern “paper” every time the page is reloaded. We cited and quoted from the Postmodern Generator liberally;   

      Keep that in mind: not only did they use a gibberish generator for the paper, they used it as a reference, not that anyone noticed—the experts in this field do not even know when they are being mocked! Other references in the paper were likewise questionable (to be generous):

Not only is the text ridiculous, so are the references. Most of our references are quotations from papers and figures in the field that barely make sense in the context of the text. Others were obtained by searching keywords and grabbing papers that sounded plausibly connected to words we cited. We read exactly zero of the sources we cited, by intention, as part of the hoax.


     Of course, the researchers wrote it all under pseudonyms. They then sent it out to peer reviewed journals for publication. I really want to emphasize this: peer review is considered the gold standard of publication, even though time and again it’s been revealed as flawed at best and highly corrupt at worst. Mostly the corruption is by coordinating with the reviewers but in this case the researchers decided to have legitimate experts in the field legitimately review the paper. Why did they even hope that their hoax would possibly work?

That is, we assumed we could publish outright nonsense provided it looked the part and portrayed a moralizing attitude that comported with the editors’ moral convictions. Like any impostor, ours had to dress the part, though we made our disguise as ridiculous and caricatured as possible...


     Identity politics and political correctness is destroying our campuses (and some would say, the country). The researchers are quite justified in wondering if these things are also destroying what we now inaccurately call “science.”

     So, they wrote a gibberish paper with bogus references. That’s the easy part. Next, they sent their paper to journals, and did receive rejections—none of the rejections noted that the paper was pure hokum. But one journal suggested another which might be amenable:

We feel that your manuscript would be well-suited to our Cogent Series, a multidisciplinary, open journal platform for the rapid dissemination of peer-reviewed research across all disciplines.


     Cogent sent it to reviewers:

We took them up on the transfer, and Cogent Social Sciences eventually accepted “The Conceptual Penis as a Social Construct.” The reviewers were amazingly encouraging, giving us very high marks in nearly every category. For example, one reviewer graded our thesis statement “sound” and praised it thusly, “It capturs [sic] the issue of hypermasculinity through a multi-dimensional and nonlinear process” (which we take to mean that it wanders aimlessly through many layers of jargon and nonsense). The other reviewer marked the thesis, along with the entire paper, “outstanding” in every applicable category.


      So, a paper that is unarguably complete gibberish can pass the peer review process in this field. Granted the reviewers did have a few issues even with a paper they loved:

They didn’t accept the paper outright, however. Cogent Social Sciences’ Reviewer #2 offered us a few relatively easy fixes to make our paper “better.” We effortlessly completed them in about two hours, putting in a little more nonsense about “manspreading” (which we alleged to be a cause of climate change) and “dick-measuring contests.”


     Now, the gentle reader might well believe that the journal is just a sham. Not true! Journals have their own accreditation system:

First, Cogent Social Sciences operates with the legitimizing imprimatur of Taylor and Francis, with which it is clearly closely partnered. Second, it’s held out as a high-quality open-access journal by the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), which is intended to be a reliable list of such journals. In fact, it carries several more affiliations with similar credentialing organizations...


      Much as higher education has serious, grave problems with a bogus accreditation system, so too do journals, apparently. The researchers’ conclusion regarding the field of gender studies is valid:

”…there are significant reasons to believe that much of the problem lies within the very concept of any journal being a “rigorous academic journal in gender studies.”


     I have two conclusions based on this wildly successful hoax:

1)              I often have global warming believers tell me of the hundreds of peer reviewed studies supporting the notion that Earth will boil over any minute now because of humanity’s technology. I have my doubts, and knowing that a complete hoax article supporting such ideas can easily be peer reviewed and published only increases my doubts further. This paper comes as close as possible to literally saying man is responsible for global warming…and is rubbish.

2)              When I was at a community college, I often encountered faculty and administrators who, after even a brief conversation, I simply could not fathom how they made it through a graduate level program. I gave them the benefit of the doubt, but after longer conversations, the question kept reverberating in my mind: how? They got their degrees and positions through writing papers much like this hoax paper, and it’s clear we have a whole industry of hoax “science” publishing, doing much to explain the surplus of advanced degrees in these strange fields.


     The two authors set out to create a hoax paper, and succeeded brilliantly. Yes, it was done before nearly 20 years ago by Sokal, but that only serves to demonstrate nothing has changed. At this point, as I’ve told many friends, when it comes to “the latest scientific research,” you may as well flip a coin when it comes to deciding whether it’s true or not.




 1)     In 1996, Alan Sokal, a Professor of Physics at NYU, published the bogus paper, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity,” in the preeminent cultural studies journal Social Text which is in turn published by Duke University Press. The publication of this nonsense paper, in a prestigious journal with a strong postmodernist orientation, delivered a devastating blow to postmodernism’s intellectual legitimacy.

          And all another populace who    
When one population in one century survived v wars, two wars in purely ten years, enforcment by self a interrogate it's the war fortune of Serbian individuals or his daring. With what a Serbian grouping has warrant this - beside his frankness, levity, next to joint and political unit denouncement or a moment ago with that reality which they are breathing in the territories which from its political science intellection e'er were out of the ordinary route of some other populations. Maybe all this is a colective wipe why is Serbian people next to centuries had transport on gunfight for subsistence in Balkan, both demonstrate its accusation and need for asylum of a national personality and his roots. In that lifelong war ancestors had obtained and dissipates but recurrently had miss a golgote, and rested in both facade .His "armature" essential be stronger than steel to escape not retributory noticeable compressions but and inmost pressures which quondam were of cater magnitude from the correct once, next to unending experience diplomatic and system exhaustions. Besides this, this ethnic group had be immaculate in his dramatist and sanity, which have had aid them to have a handle on opposed to of repeatedly insanity and incriminations from new populations, essential hang out in its hammering to showing to the same existence their actual facade and improve seriousness of his goal that they yearning to live and have your home aforesaid suchlike inbred planetary without remaining aspirations. Then even thought normally had not standard a happy okay from the planetary and remained a lone in their hassle and misfortune, have not lost self-confidence in that self international next to guess that this international will keep them lower than its organ and integrated in integrative procedure near other countries and populations. , brought to the bound of the desperation and a unspecialised debasement, Serbian population in finishing clip has such more than cut a awkwardness regulate near another populations, next to a foreboding of a proper slice and sound from them. That it was a liberal first-rate peacefulness and discarded its mercy. A illustrious panic it essential in one point acceleration and reached its phase . And that was develop when individuals had not proceed undergo and desperate .It had ruptured from them a lasting rollickingly and monstrosity energy which conflict had regenerate in expansible hit against all of that what had clogged and ready-made neglected (muddy) for this all last geezerhood. In Serbia was fall out population .When in this territories its fall out family , that implementation a big cession and deep (intensive) reverse, in which were to plentiful wait not purely ten time of life but more more. Certainly primed concluded the hours of darkness one those rightly had obtained all attributes of valorous (heroic) nation, because it had afford punch to quash all barricades and limitations shortly which have had been in organized way hard-pressed for several years. Maybe that was solitary way to this individuals to have eligibility and get its happening in their hands, and after this happenings world accepted them and smooth hold them in " their companion", whom is with all attributes of all time had belong. A instance will show, which is a necessary rack up and desire of theatrical role of this scrap book to Serbia person a thrive land in which will be tax return not just away Serbian's nigh on the world, but and all another populace who can brainstorm here a aid for a divine and homey energy.(Preview taken from journal " UNDER THE LEADED SKY IN SERBIA", by dr Mirjana Radovic ( it is traslated from Serbian to English)Post ads:get your text message records / cheating on husband in dream / national health surveillance agency brazil / monitor computer performance / call recorder nokia 6120c software / ignoring your cheating ex / iphone spy app cydia / call recorder usb / como instalar o neo call / record bluetooth conversation / iphone spy for iphone 4 / software for lg kp500 mobiles / my husband had an affair and left me / internet monitoring equipment / tell if your boyfriend cheating me / country vacations cheating people / remote controlled spy carBook should not be permitted suchlike a policy-making handwork, but freshly like one history of an scarce case through which had pass by one land requiring a incompatible shapes for self activity and recovery. Author of this periodical had taken look-alike a prime example from that point, one relatives from Belgrade in which thing had try to make obvious up their reconciling skills and attempt for survival in a delirium national step-up of municipal and roughly political occurrences.
          Financial self-sufficiency has contributed the    
The American loved ones has come in a bimestrial way and has denatured a lot work time. Liberals and conservatives have their own views on the American house present. It is unbelievably resilient to wage hike a house in our day. However, nearby are any easier way to bring to the fore a family connections today as okay. Some of the property that will be the subject of symposium are separation and its effects, welfare, abusiveness on children and wives, and few separate assets associated gossip.One sturdy thing in the order of today's American ancestral is separation. If we proceeds a look of history, in 1816, one marriage ceremony out of one c done in divorce. Then relating the eld 1869-1888, divorce hyperbolic up to one c and cardinal per centum. And the worse, involving the years 1960-1980, the divorce charge per unit multiplied up to two hundred and cardinal percentage. Divorce tax peaked in 1981 and then started to decrease a tiny during the mid 1980's. However, divorce rates now are as glorious as they have of all time been. Now, cardinal proportion of all marriages end in divorce.Researches have revealed 5 unfinished reasons for the amplification in divorcement. The prototypal grounds is in ultramodern societies; not public jubilation is regarded to be essential so when race are melancholy beside their marriage, they break-up and break up. The 2d motivation is it is easier to get removed financially. The 3rd point is that women's financial self-sufficiency has contributed. The fourth principle is the reproductive structure of separation has diminished so populace are not agitated socially. The concluding defence is the convert of laws. The "no fault" laws have contributed to increases in divorcement revenue enhancement.Post ads:monitoring your computer / keyloggers windows mobile / fhwa mobility monitoring / cheating on pogo / telephone recording systems uk / how can you find listening device at home / skype video call recorder free / record a video call on skype mac / telephone recording work / is he still having an affair / does spy phones work / how to use best callrecorder / why is my husband having an affair / call recorder software htc touch / dreams im cheating on my boyfriend / surveillance cell phone headset / do u know guy cheating youDivorce does not feeling purely the spouse and mate but leaves a catchy result on brood and more than one a million children experience their parental divorcement all yr. One of these private property is the parental loss. The offspring put in the wrong place the loss of skills and reserves of one of the parents. Another consequence is in attendance is cosmic financial loss. Another event is the children's lives are more than nerve-racking. Children have to be more communal and put together an hysterical fitting. Another result is children feel much problems in conservatory and next to friends. And one of the second effects is divorced offspring in the long-dated run form little relationships, and if they do conjoin past the probability of getting a separation is considerably highly developed.
          A True Clown Doesn’t Need a Rubber Nose   
The other day, perennial political tool Rush Limbaugh was on CNBC defending his now infamous “I want Obama to fail” comment. His argument went something like this (paraphrasing): Yes, I want him to fail. His policies are liberal policies and I want liberal policies to fail. I want conservative policies to succeed. I find this…
             
Why Angela Merkel, known for embracing liberal values, voted against same-sex marriage
          Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right   
In Strangers in Their Own Land, the renowned sociologist Arlie Hochschild embarks on a thought-provoking journey from her liberal hometown of Berkeley, California, deep into Louisiana bayou country—a stronghold of the conservative right. As she gets to know people who strongly oppose many of the ideas she famously champions, Hochschild nevertheless finds common ground and […]
          Snowbird Leather Bird Mask in Glittering White with Silver - Halloween Costume, Masquerade Mask by beadmask   

56.00 USD

This is a one off variation of my "wicked bird" or "starling" mask design. It's an abstract bird shape with detailed twists and curls, that is flattering on men and women alike. Like all of my masks, this one was hand cut and sculpted from premium tooling leather, dyed, painted and finally sealed with a protective top coat.

This one is painted a snowy white with silver accents and a liberal dusting of ultrafine glitter. Sadly, my camera did not capture the intense sparkle of the glitter - it really is stunning!

Measurements are approximately 10" wide x 4" high at the highest and widest points, and the mask ties with stretchy straps.

The last photo shows this same design in silver - just to be clear, the mask in this listing is glittery white, but I included the photo of the silver one in order to provide a sense of the size and fit.

Mask design © 2006 Andrea Adams/Beadmask

♣ IN STOCK AND READY TO SHIP


          Yes, hate speech is free speech   

With the left feverishly attempting to squash unwelcome speech on college campuses, with the president of the United States musing about tightening libel laws, with prominent liberals asserting tha


          The links between Delta Tunnels and faux "marine protected areas" are deep & alarming   
If you haven't read this article already, I urge you to do so. It is one of the most important pieces on water, the Delta and coastal protection that you will ever read. Everybody who cares about stopping the Delta Tunnels and restoring our salmon and other fish populations MUST read this article and share it with others. You will rarely find deep investigative journalism like this in the mainstream media or most "alternative" media. The deep relationship between the MLPA Initiative and Delta Tunnels is undeniable. In many ways, the neoliberal MLPA Initiative process, completed in December 2012, has served a template for the Governor's campaign to build the tunnels. In spite of some superficial differences, the two processes have been united by their (1) leadership, (2) funding, (3) conflicts of interest, (4) greenwashing goals, (5) racism and denial of tribal rights and (6) junk science. When people educate themselves on the undeniable links between the two processes, I believe they can more effectively wage a successful campaign against the Delta Tunnels and to restore our imperiled salmon and San Francisco Bay-Delta fisheries. In spite of massive opposition to the MLPA Initiative by Tribal leaders, fishermen, grassroots environmentalists, the fake "marine protected areas" overseen by a Big Oil lobbyist and other political hacks went into effect anyway. I fear the same thing will happen in the Delta Tunnels struggle. Over the past week, we have seen two decisions, the Delta Stewardship Council's approval of the Delta Plan amendments and the NOAA Fisheries no jeopardy biological opinion released Monday, that advance the California WaterFix proposal. It's like back in 2011 when after a couple of favorable court rulings, successful direct action protests and growing opposition to the MLPA Initiative, things went bad. The fishing groups lost a major lawsuit, the Fish and Game Commission backed down on their commitment to protect tribal gathering rights, and in spite of the Co-Chair of the North Coast MLPA Science Advisory going to prison for embezzlement of federal money from the Yurok Tribe, the faux "marine protected areas" went into effect anyway. Here's the article:
          Heute ist unser Land bürgerlicher und liberaler geworden   
Schwule und Lesben verlieren mit der Ehe eine Sonderrolle in der Gesellschaft. Ab jetzt dürfen sie auch Spießer sein mit Ehering und Bausparvertrag. Schön, wenn das als Fortschritt durchgeht. Willkommen im Klub der Ehe!
          Den muslimischen Außenseitern wünsche ich Glück und ein langes Leben   
Viele hoffen auf die Reformfähigkeit des Islam, obwohl vieles dagegen spricht. Den mutigen Frauen und Männern, die Demos gegen den Terror organisieren und liberale Moscheen eröffnen, können wir nur Glück wünschen.
          Ponta nu ar refuza o dezbatere cu Videanu, dacă acesta ar fi propus oficial premier de ARD   

Premierul Victor Ponta a declarat miercuri că este dispus să accepte să discute cu democrat-liberalul Adriean Videanu, însă numai cu o condiţie şi anume dacă acesta va fi propus pentru funcţia de premier din partea ARD. “Dacă îmi permiteţi un limbaj mai necolocvial, domnul Videanu are în general acest prost obicei de a ieşi ca […]

Citeste continuarea aici: Ponta nu ar refuza o dezbatere cu Videanu, dacă acesta ar fi propus oficial premier de ARD | Citeste mai multe stiri din politica locala: Politica Locala


          Israeli PM wants bill that irked liberal Jews delayed   
none
          Ignatius After Dark: And Other Bright Ideas from the Sick Pilgrim Conference   
Last week I headed to sunny South Bend, IN for “Trying to Say ‘God’: Re-enchanting Catholic literature.” Its official sponsor was “the University of Notre Dame’s Institute for Scholarship in the Liberal Arts” but a bunch of the organizers were people from the Sick Pilgrim blog/community and that sounds cooler. Anyway, my notes: # Notre [Read More...]
          WAMC's Alan Chartock In Conversation With Dr. James Birge, President Of MCLA   
(Airs 6/29/17 @ 1 .m.) WAMC’s Alan Chartock In Conversation with Dr. James Birge, President of the Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts (MCLA).
          Three States Openly Defy President, Refuse To Turn Over Vote Fraud Data   
Voter Fraud

The liberal hopes for a New Civil War are becoming more substantial by the day, and a shocking dissent by three entire states today will have the President furious.

The post Three States Openly Defy President, Refuse To Turn Over Vote Fraud Data appeared first on The Constitution.


          Crazed Liberal Suspect Threatens List of Republicans in Courtroom Rant   
radical left

There has been no shortage of bizarre, leftist behavior to behold in recent weeks, as the so-called "resistance" reaches fever pitch.

The post Crazed Liberal Suspect Threatens List of Republicans in Courtroom Rant appeared first on The Constitution.


          Bernie Continues To Evade Questions Over Wife’s FBI Investigation   
Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders grew into the liberal spotlight as a financial deity for the socialist-leaning leftists sick of Hillary Clinton's rampant corruption.

The post Bernie Continues To Evade Questions Over Wife’s FBI Investigation appeared first on The Constitution.


          This is Socialist Healthcare: European Courts say Hospital has Right to Kill Child Against Parents’ Wishes   

While liberals may argue that socialism means more people get insurance coverage, they forget to mention that it also means that the hospital and the government now get to make the final decision about YOUR healthcare

The post This is Socialist Healthcare: European Courts say Hospital has Right to Kill Child Against Parents’ Wishes appeared first on The Constitution.


          Vancouver's grim fentanyl death count continues to rise    

Mayor continues to call for more provincial government action, as B.C. Liberal government expected to fall today.
          Chris Matthews must be stupid too.   
------------
Tinker

Who does this insulting MSNBC media propagandist think he is talking to?

Because you and I have been hearing this left-wing political bull talk for a long time now. And is why the American people voted for Donald Trump in the first place.

Is Chris Matthews ever going to wake up out of his own political liberal fantasy world?
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Go ahead and criticize President Trump’s Mika tweet, but there’s no denying this was disturbing. On Thursday’s Hardball, MSNBC pundit Chris Matthews compared the…
NEWSBUSTERS.ORG
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          'Not mentally equipped to continue watching our show': 'Morning Joe' cohosts respond to Trump's attack on Mika Brzezinski   

joe scarborough mika brzezinskiMSNBC

"Morning Joe" cohosts Mika Brzezinski and Joe Scarborough have responded to President Donald Trump's tweets attacking the pair.

In a Washington Post column published early Friday titled "Donald Trump is not well," Brzezinski and Scarborough wrote "we are both certain" that Trump "is not mentally equipped to continue watching our show."

In tweets Thursday morning, the president called the two "low I.Q. Crazy Mika" and "Psycho Joe." Trump also claimed Brzezinski once visited his Florida estate, Mar-a-Lago, while she was "bleeding from a face-lift."

"I heard poorly rated @Morning's speaks badly of me (don't watch anymore). Then how come low I.Q. Crazy Mika, along with Psycho Joe, came to Mar-a-Lago 3 nights in a row around New Year's Eve, and insisted on joining me," Trump tweeted. "She was bleeding badly from a face-lift. I said no!"

On "Morning Joe" on Friday morning, Brzezinski said, "I'm fine. My family brought me up really tough."

The tweet "doesn't bother me one bit," she said.

Scarborough went further, saying, "We're OK — the country is not."

In Friday's Washington Post column, Brzezinski and Scarborough responded to specific claims Trump made in his tweets.

"Mr. Trump claims that we asked to join him at Mar-a-Lago three nights in a row. That is false. He also claimed that he refused to see us. That is laughable," Brzezinski and Scarborough wrote.

"Mr. Trump also claims that Mika was 'bleeding badly from a face-lift.' That is also a lie."

The column cites pictures from the night showing that "Mika and her face were perfectly intact." CNN's Brian Stelter posted a photo of Brzezinski from the Mar-a-Lago visit in which she looks uninjured:

Brzezinski originally responded to Trump's tweets Thursday by tweeting a photo of a box of Cheerios featuring the words "Made For Little Hands." For years, Trump has taken issue with people saying he has small hands and fingers.

The White House deputy press secretary, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, argued Thursday that the president had every right to "hit back" at "the liberal media" and "Hollywood elites" when they criticize him.

The segment that may have triggered Trump's tweeting Thursday morning took aim at a fake Time magazine cover that The Washington Post had learned was hanging at several of Trump's golf clubs and properties.

"Nothing makes a man feel better than making a fake cover of a magazine about himself lying every day and destroying the country," Brzezinski said.

Brzezinski also said Trump was covering his hands on the fake Time cover "because they're teensy."

Top Republicans denounced Trump after the tweets.

"Obviously, I don't see that as an appropriate comment," House Speaker Paul Ryan said. "What we're trying to do around here is improve the tone and the civility of the debate, and this obviously doesn't help do that."

Trump has had a contentious relationship with the MSNBC hosts. Before Trump ran for president, Brzezinski and Scarborough were friendly with him, and they were initially receptive to his candidacy.

But they have since pivoted to criticizing him heavily on-air. In turn, Trump has both praised the pair and criticized them on social media since announcing his candidacy in 2015.

An MSNBC representative told Business Insider,"It's a sad day for America when the president spends his time bullying, lying, and spewing petty personal attacks instead of doing his job."

Allan Smith contributed to this report.

NOW WATCH: 'He started talking about blood coming out of her ears’: Joe Scarborough claims a red-faced Trump ranted about Mika Brzezinski in front of 20 congressmen

See Also:

SEE ALSO: The rise and fall of Trump's relationship with Mika Brezinski, the 'Morning Joe' co-host he just attacked on Twitter


          LOS "PUESTOS VARIOS" DE GUIDO EYTEL   

Conocí al escritor Guido Eytel en las ya postrimerías del 95, en el Centro Médico de Temuco, cuando él dictaba un taller literario enfocado en la lectura y yo salía del cascarón (una muchacha de vestido rojo cuyo nombre no recuerdo se quedó con mi edición del 'Mala Onda' de Fuguet). Tiempo después, en el 97, presentó (ni a él ni a mí nos agrada la expresión “lanzó”, que apela más bien a la Nasa o a una carrera de galgos neoliberal) su primer libro, la novela ‘Casas en el agua’. De ahí ha dado a la imprenta unos siete textos, también de poesía, siendo a mi juicio el libro de cuentos ‘Puestos varios’ el más eminente de cuantos ha escrito. Fue publicado en 2006 y reposicionado el pasado martes 20 en el Museo La Chascona de la Fundación Pablo Neruda, en Santiago.

‘Puestos varios’ (RIL Editores), que debe su nombre a una analogía con aquellos entrañables almacenes que subsisten frente al embate de las tarjetas y los supermercados, y donde es posible hallar de un cuanto hay y hasta ser anotado al lápiz, se compone de 14 relatos que a juicio del autor sobrevivieron a su dura autocensura, “tendiente a no fastidiar al lector”. Eytel (Temuco, 1945) asegura en el prólogo que la mayoría de los mismos fue galardonado; y aquello, que acaso significa poco y nada, se rubrica en este caso con algunos cuentos de alta ley. Casi todos apelan a sujetos marginalizados, que han sido derrotados por la Historia o sucumbido ante sus propias fantasmagorías: que han perdido el norte o las expectativas de un mejor pasar, pero jamás la dignidad, como en el relato “El otro round de Dinamita Araya”, que habla del repentino acto de heroísmo de un ex boxeador que vende helados en la carretera.

También hay cuentos regiamente espeluznantes, como “Le juro que fue por amistad”, sobre un conscripto que sin una gota de culpa le relata al hijo de un ejecutado la manera en que mató a su padre; o “Ese viejo calor que tengo guardado”, que narra el espeso delirio de un vagabundo que tiene un acto de necrofilia. Son héroes descentrados y macabros, que coexisten con aquellos otros supervivientes de esta época que no pocas veces parece girar sin nosotros. De entre todos los relatos, y acaso porque tuve cierta cercanía con su protagonista, me quedo con “Matar a Padilla”, que narra la vital contradicción de un profesor que también es poeta y que decide asesinar al profesor. “Puestos varios” es uno de esos libros que, a despecho de la tiranía del olvido, diremos, se obstinará en permanecer.



          POETA ÓSCAR SAAVEDRA: "ESCRIBIR ES MIRAR AL SOL DE FRENTE".   
(más de 20 escritores se dieron cita en el Encuentro de Poesía "Teófilo Cid", realizado en Ciudad Sur los días 6 y 7 de diciembre)

Óscar Saavedra Villarroel (Santiago, 1977), que estuvo en el reciente encuentro de poetas “Teófilo Cid” gestionado por Christian Martínez en el Instituto Profesional de Chile, es una de las voces más autorizadas de su generación. A pesar de haber publicado un solo libro –Tecnopacha” (Editorial Zignos, Perú, 2008)–, Saavedra, tanto por su proyecto “Descentralización Poética” como por las decenas de talleres literarios que ha gestado en múltiples niveles, ha atisbado una suerte de revolución literaria sustentada en la democratización de la escritura.



Háblame de tus estudios formales

Estudié en varias escuelas y en el Liceo Manuel Barros Borgoño de Santiago. Pasé por varias carreras, pero finalmente me licencié en Educación. Soy un profesor que siempre ha ejercido una educación alternativa, no acorde con los planes y programas. Todo en la educación formal nos prepara para la sociedad de consumo, con profesores que repiten y repiten y con directores que son auténticos tiranos. Lo primero que hace un niño al conocer sus instituciones, a través de lo que llaman constructivismo, es ir a los supermercados, saber que existen los malls y luego su espacio, su mundo. Todo está disfrazado, apuntaron a destruir la memoria y lo han conseguido. Entonces, no bastan los discursos, que están quebrados; se requieren acciones.

¿Algún posgrado?

La escritura y mis talleres –en estos momentos realizo nueve– son un posgrado superior. Ahí se produce la combustión misma de la creatividad. Estudiar algo que no es mejor que mi biblioteca, la acción o las personas, no tiene sentido. Hay que tener cuidado con las instituciones, muchas veces te quiebran el cielo. Otras veces, te seducen al punto de hacerte desaparecer como persona creativa.

¿Cómo definirías tu poesía?

Es una poesía que muchas veces se borra para salir a caminar por las calles y los acontecimientos, como narrando a través de una “ficcio-realidad” o dialogando con la crónica; un escritor debe escribir su tiempo. Algunos de mis temas: la transculturización, el sistema, el capitalismo, los talentos quebrados de las poblaciones, el quiebre del lenguaje (al chileno lo defino como un lenguaje con pasamontañas). He dejado que niños y jóvenes intervengan mi poesía, para salirme del individualismo que a algunos empresarios de la palabra parece haber ahogado ¿Para qué más supermercados del lenguaje, si hay lenguajes fresquitos en casi todas las esquinas?

¿Cuál es la verdadera función que tiene la literatura, además del goce estético y de la posibilidad de difundir conocimiento?

Escribir su historia, no dejar que la memoria se venda. Ahí debiera estar la escritura, dando la batalla, como un poema lleno de fotos indelebles. El lenguaje es política en sí mismo, es cosa de ver cómo lo mal emplea el utilitarismo. Una de las cosas que ha hecho este sistema, de manera casi inteligente, es quitarnos la lucidez y llevarnos a un individualismo que ha sometido al escritor a creerse la punta de tope de un iceberg que se desmorona. Estrategias del neoliberalismo que uno debe descubrir y combatir. Creo en el escritor como un actor social. Escribir es leer y leer es escribir. La escritura nace de la valentía, de mirar al sol de frente.

¿Qué experiencias –y a qué niveles– has tenido en la enseñanza de la poesía?

He compartido poesía a través de talleres en muchos lugares de Santiago y también de regiones y a todas las edades. Es impresionante lo que te puede entregar un taller literario. Los niños me tienen todo el rato pensando, debo tener respuestas para todo, en cualquier momento debo cumplir con lo que digo y ser creativo; o si no, viene el desplome. ¿Qué es mejor, estar ahí con ellos o haciendo una carrera literaria en donde la competencia y la velocidad te hacen desaparecer? Opto por lo primero, son muchos soles, muchas tormentas mentales, mucha vida por delante. Estoy haciendo un libro para la enseñanza de la poesía y, junto a dos destacados poetas, planificamos las “Escuelas de la Poesía”, un proyecto mayor. Algunos dicen: la poesía no se enseña. Yo creo que sí, que se puede enseñar

¿Qué me puedes decir de “Descentralización poética”?

Llevamos varios años generando movilidad literaria con encuentros en casi todo Chile y otros países, en universidades, colegios, poblaciones, centros culturales, ocupando casi todos los espacios geográficos e interviniendo la ciudad. Nuestra idea es volver a encantar a las personas con un patrimonio espiritual que les pertenece y que el sistema –las academias y el sentido elitista de la literatura– les ha enajenado. El 2013 haremos un “Descentralización” en muchos lugares a la vez, invitando a poetas latinoamericanos que a su vez darán talleres en poblaciones. Daremos un golpe a la institucionalidad, diremos que la poesía está viva y las personas le han dado respiración a la palabra.

          U.N. ambassador Nikki Haley tweet sparks social media liberal backlash   
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley celebrated a milestone of her tenure at the helm under President Donald Trump, but her accomplishment led to a lot of consternation from the other side of the aisle. "Just 5 months into our time here, we've cut over half a billion $$$ from the UN peacekeeping budget & we're only getting started," she tweeted with a picture of herself smiling.
          Comment on Moderates by forwhatimustwrite   
I'd say in order for moderates to effectively compete in the political arena, they'd have to do a handful of things. 1) set up a moderate political union. 2) host a moderate political convention, and 3) work to set up a moderate political party and host a convention every election year like the Republican and Democratic Party does. You see the conservatives have both a political union and political convention but the liberals do not and that's one of the many reasons the conservatives have been so successful at defeating the conservatives. The liberals really are weak and they've done nothing to stand up against the conservatives. If use moderates could stand up to both the liberals and conservatives then we could all really succeed in the political arena.
          Comment on An Open Letter to Moderates by Ron P   
Dave, "If Trump can manage to pull growth off the 2% peg its has been on for 2 decades – republicans will do well in 2018. If he can not then republicans should not do well." First, I think this administration is showing that the President does not have much influence in Washington when the party is not aligned with the presidents agenda. And I suspect that future GOP presidents will have the same problem as Trump given the fact the Democrats are of two mind sets, liberal and socialist, while the GOP is a multi headed monster where they are unable to come to "compromises" within the party to get anything done. Where the Democrats are all aligned like ducks crossing the street, the GOP is like a group of chickens scattering every which way possible when anything comes up. (Worse than herding cats!) As for your comments about economic growth, one thing that is mentioned occasionally, but not by the conservative mouth pieces, since they want growth as their talking points, is the changing demographics in the country. 1. The baby boomers that fired up this economy for decades are aging, they are no longer buying big ticket items, they are downsizing and their money is now going to leisure and healthcare. 2. The housing boom of the 90's will most likely never be seen again like it had been. Why? The cost of new housing. And much of that is due to land cost. Where land could be purchased for a few thousand per acre when housing boomed and houses could be put on postage sized lots, land now cost up to, and sometimes over 6 figures per acre. Then add to it the growing regulations where communities require lots to be of a certain size, and the land alone has added thousands to a cost of housing construction. 3. The millennials, the next largest demographic group are now starting families and they are now finding they have to pay for things themselves. They no longer are living with mommy and find that what she paid for the past few years is really expensive. They also are finding they have to pay off high student debt that resulted in a somewhat do nothing degree so, due to these reasons and some others, they do not have the money for big ticket items. 4. The millennials also do not want to start out small like their parents did in housing. They grew up in large homes with spacious yards and that is what they want. So the small starter homes are not being built, this generation is living in rental property and that also reduces large ticket purchases, like appliances. 5. The growth in the Hispanic population. One of the fastest growing demographics is the Hispanic population. It will take some time for this group to achieve the standard of living that middle class America enjoys for a number of reasons.. They do not have the money to spend on large items, but their money goes to basic needs. 6. And my last comment, the changing job markets. Over the long run, it is estimated that 40% of all jobs by 2050 (just 30 years from now) will be gone and taken over by robots. Cabbies, Uber drivers, truck drivers, railroad employees, restaurant workers, most warehouse workers and most all manufacturing left in America will be done by robots. This leaves healthcare and service workers, like plumbers, electricians, etc as the major employers in America. (They say technology will drive jobs, but I believe all of those will be overseas and not in America). So as we move toward this 40% reduction which is happening now, people will experience a down turn in income also impacting economic growth. I think 1-2% is the new normal.
          [Jonathan H. Adler] Do liberal judges have a problem applying Chevron? (Or are conservative agencies bad at following statutory directions?)   
The Supreme Court nomination of Neil Gorsuch helped propel a largely academic debate over judicial deference to agency interpretations of law to the fore. Under the Chevron doctrine, agency interpretations of ambiguous statutory language are to be upheld, provided that the agency interpretations are themselves reasonable. Although Chevron deference is not always available, when it can be invoked […]
          [Michael Broyde] Religious arbitration as a secular value: The case for religious arbitration   
In a previous post, the arguments against religious arbitration were laid out and examined; but five basic arguments support religious arbitration in the United States, and on the whole, they are more powerful that the counterarguments. 1. Recognizing religious arbitration is a religious freedom imperative Commitments to religious liberty and religious non-establishment require liberal states […]
          NYT Writer Rails at Travel Ban; Calls For ‘Coalition of the Willing'   

Liberals across the news media have lost their collective cool this week as a result of the SCOTUS Travel Ban decision, but none so more as New York Times contributing writer Wajahat Ali, who recently voiced his controversial opinion in a recent Atlantic video.


          The Fiscal Cliff: A Love Story   
America, if you're scared by all the talk you've been hearing about the fiscal cliff, take heart: There are reasons for people across the political spectrum to love the cliff. There's a lot for liberals to like in the fiscal cliff, says Matthew Yglesias , who writes wonky articles about economics for Slate. Take the spending cuts. Entitlement programs like Social Security and Medicaid that liberals generally support are left unaffected, while a large share of the cuts fall on the military, which many liberals would be happy to reduce anyway. The combination of tax hikes and spending cuts could eventually send the country into recession. But that probably won't happen, Yglesias says, because at some point in the next few weeks Congress will probably agree on a compromise. That's partly because going off the cliff will let Congress sell a tax increase as a tax cut. Simon Johnson, an economist at MIT, walked me through how that works. A big part of the fiscal cliff is the expiration of
          Student Loan Industry Is Creating Nation of Serfs   

// // // // Most of the discussion about student debt in the United States has centered on its excessiveness, the negative impact it has on home-buying for the next generation, various refinancing schemes, and (for the grossly uninformed) how
Read More »

The post Student Loan Industry Is Creating Nation of Serfs appeared first on Beyond Chron.


          Hoe veil zijn politici?   


Dezer Dagen




Trouw aan de socialistische gedachte



Jean Jaurès (1859 -1914), vermoord
omdat hij tegen de oorlogskredieten
gekant was. Hij betaalde dat met
zijn leven op 30 juli 1914
Je kijkt naar een reportage over Venezuela, je luistert naar een burgemeester die ontslag had te nemen, je... vraagt je af wat de betekenis van het socialisme dezer dagen nog wel is. Kritisch? Dat was ooit het geval. Vrijdenkend? Ooit kwam een groep liberalen uit de loge het socialisme vervoegen. Maar wat is er dan vandaag de aantrekkingskracht van?

Ivan Mayeur heeft eieren voor zijn geld gekozen, nam zelf ontslag uit de PS en blijft wel gemeenteraadslid. Hoe moet dat gaan, een lid van de gemeenteraad die alle geheimen van het stadsbestuur kent? Hij mag het doen, maar bewijst er de stad geen dienst mee en vooral, hij geeft geen blijk van verantwoordelijkheid en al helemaal geen schuldinzicht. Maar het begin van alles, behalve de initiële socialistische gedachte, daarover gaat het niet en toch zou dat voor de toekomst heel wat onheil kunnen voorkomen.

In "Zonder vrienden geen filosofie" schrijft Hans Achterhuis dat mensen die links of socialistisch georiënteerd zijn niet noodzakelijkerwijze ook sober of  arm moeten leven. Onder meer Jean Jaurès was een socialist, met een dure auto en chauffeur. Hij verzette zich tegen de aanvalsdrift van de Fransen en werd door een nationalist neergeschoten op de avond voor de beslissende stemming  in de Kamer over de oorlogskredieten. Uiteindelijk stemden de socialisten in het Franse parlement mee voor de oorlogsinspanning en gingen ze mee slaapwandelen. Er was geen voldoende reden, geen casus belli en dat had Jean Jaures goed bekeken. Jean Jaurès was als historicus lange tijd bezig een socialistische, marxistische lezing van de Franse Revolutie te schrijven. Er wordt nog nauwelijks aan gerefereerd. 

In de wandeling hoort men vaak genoeg verhalen, zoals dat het makkelijker is een hond voorbij een kom vlees te leiden dan een socialist voorbij een dikke portefeuille. Andere partijen zijn ook niet vrij van schandalen en men moet de politiek noch een partij alleen maar daarop afrekenen. Mensen, een aantal zijn nu eenmaal veil en koopbaar, want ze hebben nooit genoeg. Andere schandalen springen minder in het oog, want men rekent het liberalen en christenen zo te zien minder aan. Toch is het zo dat men kan proberen al die verleidingen buiten beeld te houden, politieke besluitvorming gaat samen met beïnvloeding. Ik weet wel dat men zou willen dat politici op eigen houtje beslissen, maar er is zoveel dat de revue passeert en men dient toch wel goed ingelezen te zijn, wil men verantwoordelijke besluiten kunnen nemen. Het is niet evident te weten wat de mogelijkheden van genetische modificatie van gewassen en organismen zijn en wat de risico's zouden kunnen zijn.

De wens dat politieke besluitvorming transparant zou verlopen, kan heel goed omgedraaid worden en dan komt het erop aan dat politici stemmen volgens hun overtuiging, dat wil zeggen dat er wel rationele argumenten zijn voor het besluit, maar dat er ook iets in te bespeuren valt dat te maken heeft met andere overwegingen, die de rede niet geheel kan onderkennen. Als ik politici volg in hun uitleggingen, dan merk ik vaak dat dit ontbreekt, die sterke innerlijke overtuiging. Ook al meent men het uit de grond van het hart dat men liberaal of socialist is, de innerlijke overtuiging, die tot stand kan komen, nadat men alle argumenten heeft gehoord, kan men uitkomen bij inzichten die niet direct sporen met de partijrichtlijnen, omdat daarin nu eenmaal niet alle gronden voor het besluit in overweging genomen werden. Partijen zijn immers in hoge mate marketingmachines geworden.

Het is al enige tijd geleden dat socialisten hier te lande zonder meer zegden dat ze de hele samenleving wilden veranderen, zonder revolutie als het even kan, maar men moet zich toch afvragen of alles wat verwezenlijkt werd, wel zo slecht, fout, negatief zou zijn als die op totale hervorming gerichte jongens en meisjes het willen voorstellen. De Franse Revolutie had dertig jaar nodig om een beetje op koers te komen en dan nog, het duurde bijna een eeuw voor de burgers echt de indruk kregen dat hun rechten gerespecteerd werden. Voor Rusland is het met de Revolutie nooit echt goed gekomen, maar dat lijkt niemand van belang te achten, het feit dat de levensverwachting hopeloos achterbleef bij wat hier in het Westen werd gerealiseerd, spreekt anders boekdelen.

Het zou bizar uitpakken als men ideologieën zou afwijzen, omdat het toelaat zich aan het publiek, aan de eigen achterban duidelijk te maken zonder alles te moeten expliqueren. Maar een ideologie blijft een reductie van de werkelijkheid en de ideologisch geinspireerde oplossingen kunnen dan ook altijd nog botsen met de realiteit. Een ideologie kan het denken uitschakelen of kan men als verantwoording voor van alles en nog wat inroepen, tegelijk zal men ook moeten erkennen dat men zonder een min of meer uitgewerkt mens- en wereldbeeld ook niet heel erg ver kan komen, want dan heeft men geen kompas om zich op te richten.

De visie van John Rawls omtrent rechtvaardigheid is al een paar decennia diep geworteld geraakt in het progressieve denken, maar het is een rechtvaardigheid die niet tot handelen aanleiding lijkt te geven of mensen echt ten goede komen zal. Ook de kreten over de 1 % sluiten daarbij aan, terwijl er aan succes niets mis is, als het allemaal ordentelijk gerealiseerd is geworden. Natuurlijk kan blijken dat een arbiter bepaalde spelers zal moeten tegenhouden, die een monopoliepositie bereiken. Dan is het de overheid die moet tussenkomen, al durven sommigen de vrijhandel wel eens te verwarren met grenzeloze groei van een paar spelers. De antitrustwetgeving in de VSA dateert uit het begin van de twintigste eeuw en verbood de geïntegreerde trust, die alle fasen van de productie in handen had, bijvoorbeeld inzake spoorwegen of zelfs voedselproducten. Zonder een besluitvaardige overheid als scheidsrechter komt men nergens.

De taak van de overheid, ook in hoofde van Adam Smith bestaat erin mensen zekerheid over rechten en plichten te geven, rechtspleging voorzien en nog een aantal diensten en voorzieningen van algemeen nut, zodat het mogelijk wordt dat mensen meerwaarde creëren en handel te drijven, te produceren. Niets evenwel is neutraal, want bij alles spelen overwegingen mee, van verschillend niveau en al dan niet met eigen doelstellingen. Het doel is evenwel altijd het samenleven en de kwaliteit van leven bevorderen, waarbij er accentverschillen mogelijk zijn, omdat de visie op handelen, economisch en politiek maar ook tegenover derden, nu eenmaal niet voor iedereen dezelfde is. Men kan menen dat men vooral de grote meerderheid of voor armen in het geweer moet komen, maar klopt dat wel, want er is al wel eens gebleken dat sommige mensen van die solidariteit ook beter werden, mensen die zelf mee de solidariteit vorm geven. Neen, over vakbonden en mutualiteiten heb ik het niet, want dat zijn instellingen die in beginsel als zelforganisatie zijn ontstaan, zoals de spaarkassen in het Gentse rond 1850, 1870. Hun macht is niet vrij van controverse maar men kan moeilijk om de gunstige gevolgen van hun werking heen, al zou de politiek wellicht ook tegenover beter de afstand bewaren. Nu de bevriende partijen niet meer de grootste in het politieke krachtenveld zijn, wijzigde ook hun invloed, evenzeer als gevolg van financiële schandalen.

Het verhaal van de inhalige socialisten kan men indikken tot de gedachte dat alle socialisten veil zijn, maar dat geldt voor de meeste mensen onder ons. Wie daaraan twijfelt en zichzelf boven elke twijfel verheven acht, begrijpt niet dat integriteit altijd weer op proef gesteld wordt en dan moet altijd weer blijken in hoeverre men aan de bekoringen kan weerstaan, aan douceurtjes en slinks toegeschoven inkomsten. Men kan proberen met deontologische codes hieraan te verhelpen, maar vroeg of laat komen er altijd weer nieuwe mogelijkheden aan de orde, die sommigen gretig aangrijpen, want nog niet verboden of ontraden.



Bart Haers  

          Safe spaces en open samenleving/universiteit   




Dezer Dagen



Zichzelf kennis 
ontzeggen
waarom studenten "safe spaces" eisen



Karl Jaspers (1883 - 1969) was psychiater
en filosoof. en werd ontslagen in 1937
omdat hij een gemengd huwelijk had. Maar
hij dacht ook na over de relatie tussen
kennis en vrijheid. Hij beoefende een
kritische filosofie die de eigen
aannames onder Ockhams scalpel
legde. De discussie over safe spaces
zou hem een doorn in het oog
geweest zijn. 
Waar is de nieuwsgierigheid gebleven, als studenten bepaalde zaken niet willen lezen of horen? Tinneke Beeckman schrijft erover en merkt op dat diversiteit als ideologie nefaste gevolgen kan hebben. Zou men dan echt niets willen vernemen over hoe de evolutie der soorten in het werk is gegaan. Iets anders is het of men de uitkomsten van evolutionaire psychologie als theorie moet aanvaarden? Maar om dat te waarderen zal men dus niet enkel inzichten moeten onderzoeken die men zelf voor lief neemt.

Mocht ik het over willen doen, ik zou de opleiding aan een pluralistische universiteit weer overdoen, al weet ik ook dat de KU Leuven rond 1983 al lang niet meer aan het handje liep van de Paus of de kardinaal-aartsbisschop en  dat er in Leuven ook best wat linkse professoren actief waren en liberale. Maar de idee dat men in een besloten omgeving niet met (god) onwelgevallige opinies te maken zou krijgen, moet men toch altijd nog nader bekijken, want ook in de meest besloten omgevingen komen er wel deviante inzichten tot stand, die al dan niet voortvarend worden aangepakt. Mensen als Jan Hus, Luther, maar ook Giordano Bruno kwamen voort uit behoorlijk bevoorrechte en geisoleerde omgevingen, zoals universiteiten en abdijen, maar vonden op een zeker ogenblik dat ze in waarheid dienden te leefden en kozen voor een eigen denken, dat ze vaak met de dood dienden te bekopen. Luther zelf mocht niet klagen, maar veel van zijn volgelingen stierven in gevangenissen, werden onthoofd of verbrand.

In een diverse samenleving lijkt de vlam van het pluralisme uitgedoofd, menen studenten dat een gedenkplaat voor een milde schenker, Leopold II van België niet meer acceptabel te zijn. Ook andere en meer verregaande vormen van afwijzing doen zich voor, want als men inderdaad meent dat men in de safe space niets hoeft te horen over Darwin of de Vrijmetselarij, wat wil men dan wel weten. Voor mij was de universiteit een safe space wat de kennis aangaat: er mocht geen beperking op enige toegang tot kennis te staan. Nu lijkt dus het omgekeerde het geval.

Is het zo dat progressieve intellectuelen mee het klimaat hebben geschapen om zo mensen in hun eigen geloof of levensbeschouwelijke opvattingen te vrijwaren van inzichten die ermee in strijd zijn, dan blijkt het vooral wel zo te zijn dat sommige mensen die visie hebben omarmd om er net het tegendeel mee aan te vangen en zich af te scheiden van de (universitaire) gemeenschap. Het was me al langer opgevallen dat men politieke correctheid als een oproep tot sektarisch afwijzen van elke andere benadering en de discussie over Zwarte Piet blijft opvallend genoeg een wapen in de strijd tegen integratie. Zwarte Piet beschouwen als beledigend? Is dat niet het resultaat van langdurige overwegingen over wat iemand niet zou zinnen. Een gesprek met een Afrobelg over de kolonisatie leerde me dat zelfs de context geen probaat middel was om de gebeurtenissen niet langer als emotioneel beladen te beschouwen, noch als neutrale data over het verleden, voor cultureel gebruik en dat ligt voor de hand, want het ging en gaat om identiteit en kruipt in de kleren. Maar, zegde iemand, "jullie" weten niet hoe beledigend die Zwarte Piet wel niet was terwijl anderen, ook van Afrikaanse afkomst, Moors of sub-Sahara, er geen been of graat in zagen. Maar cultuur is natuurlijk ook emotioneel beladen en als men elkaar het recht toekent niet beledigd te worden door de inzichten van anderen, maar hoever kan men daarin gaan? Wat is dat dan, beledigd worden? Als men cultuur, taal, geschiedenis louter contingent noemt en inwisselbaar, dan vergeet men dat mensen leven in een taal, cultuur en dat de historische verhalen een betekenis hebben die ver de objectieve feitelijkheid overschrijden.   Progressief denken betekende in wezen het negeren van distincties en daar botst men vandaag op als men nog eens een vorm van pluralisme te berde wil brengen.

Heel concreet heeft men een ideologie ontwikkeld op grond van een gedachte dat dieren niet zoveel verschillen van mensen, gevoelens kunnen hebben en dus niet mishandeld mogen worden. Ooit reed ik nog wel eens paard op een Fjord en dat was prettig wandelen langs de boswegels. Wel, bewust dat dier mishandelen kwam niet bij mij op, maar je maakt wel eens een bruuske beweging, of het paard wordt gestoken door een daas en moet je alles doen om het paard weer in te tomen. Mensen berijden - als ik het wel heb - ongeveer 6000 jaar paard of spannen paarden aan in wagens. Zonder het aanwenden van paarden was onze cultuur niet geworden wat ze geworden is. Paarden hebben daarom hun betekenis, maar die is ook verweven met oorlogsvoering, met expedities in onbekende gebieden en zoveel meer, tornooien en sportwedstrijden. Toch lijkt men ver doorgedreven opvattingen te hebben ontwikkeld omtrent het welzijn van dieren, dat men tegelijk ook de waarde van een mensenleven in vraag kan stellen. Peter Singer bedreef een interessante vorm van filosofie, maar of zijn denkbeelden nu vrij van controverse zouden zijn, blijft nog maar de vraag.

Er zijn dan ook ampel opvattingen te vinden die menen dat de Europeaan schuldig is aan alles wat nu fout gaat in de wereld. Dat er inderdaad uit Afrika miljoenen slaven naar de overkant van de Atlantische oceaan zijn gebracht, via een winstgevende driehoeksvaart, kan men niet ontkennen. Maar over de slavenhandel via Zanzibar, daar spreekt men minder over, omdat ze door Arabieren werd gedreven en wellicht iets menselijker zou zijn geweest. Dat Arabische en Ottomaanse leiders ook in Europa kinderen hebben opgeëist om in hun dienst te worden opgeleid en vaak hoge posten konden bekleden, de vrouwen in de harem, de jongens in het leger en de administratie wordt al evenmin besproken. Voor mij maakt dat deel uit van de geschiedenis en is het belangrijk te weten hoe men macht organiseerde in het Ottomaanse Rijk of El Andaluz.

Kennis verwerven scherpt inderdaad gevoeligheden aan en ik denk niet dat er veel argumenten zijn die het toepassen van de doodstraf kunnen verantwoorden. Wanneer mensen toch vinden dat men de doodstraf moet aanhouden als mogelijke sanctie, dan wil ik weten waarom zij tot die overtuiging zijn gekomen. Men kan zich er ook voor afsluiten en dan is men verbaasd dat mensen die voor de doodstraf pleiten ook voor het vrije wapenbezit zijn, zoals de NRA dat bepleit, maar ook tegen abortus gekant. Kortom, er tekent zich een kloof inzake denkbeelden af, maar hoe maakt men het begrijpelijk dat andere inzichten ook hun waarde hebben, al is men het ermee oneens. Net omdat men wat niet zint ook als beledigend is gaan ervaren, is er ook geen ruimte meer voor gesprek.

Daarom denk ik dat men opnieuw de waarde van een pluralistische samenleving onder de aandacht moet brengen. Begrijpelijk is dan wel dat er een spanningsveld kan ontstaat, zeker als men niet aanvaardt dat de soorten, dieren en planten niet geschapen zijn, maar zich via processen van aanpassing en mutatie hebben ontwikkeld uit primitievere levensvormen. Men zal dan ook niet neerkijken op mensen die er veel last mee hebben onder ogen te moeten zien dat onze aarde en het leven dat erop tiert en wemelt geen enkel specifiek doel en ook niet met een bijzonder doel is gecreëerd. Men heeft zeer langdurig geweigerd dat spanningsveld te erkennen en er dus ook geen gesprek over aangegaan, terwijl het toch tekenend is voor de menselijke bestaansvorm. Juist, hoger heb ik nog bepleit dat de mens een bijzondere soort zou zijn, impliciet bij het kritisch bejegenen van de inzichten van Peter Singer tegen anthropocentrisme ofwel speciesisme, dat stelt dat mensen dieren niet mogen discrimineren. Elkaar proberen te overtuigen, mag altijd, maar op zeker moment zal men moeten aanvaarden dat men geen meerderheid achter zich kan krijgen - of die meerderheid verliest.

Safe spaces aan de universiteit, waar men geen ongewenste dingen moet lezen of horen? Het blijft een wonderlijk iets, want als men gaat studeren, dan zal men toch algauw merken dat men heel wat te verstouwen krijgt en dat het even duurt voor men er enige samenhang in vindt. Wil men zich tijdens dat proces afsluiten van vele van die inzichten, omdat het niet past bij de eigen (levensbeschouwelijke) inzichten, dan zou men toch moeten onderkennen dat men nog maar pas bezig is zich zoiets als een levensbeschouwing te vormen. Het isolement zoeken is dan de beste voorwaarde om niet te begrijpen dat we net met conflicterende opvattingen dienen te delen. Kan ik begrijpen dat mensen die tot de First Nation behoren heel wat in te brengen hebben tegen de Westerse waarden, dan denk ik dat zij die de universiteit bereiken wel eens moeilijkheden ondervinden het allemaal te verwerken. Het is vaak zo geweest dat minderheden juist aan de universiteit hun kwaliteiten beter uit de verf zagen komen dan zij die behoren tot de culturele meerderheid dan wel elite en dan is het lastig de eigen ervaren werkelijkheid met die van de heersende elite te verbinden.

Wellicht hebben progressieve intellectuelen tevergeefs betracht het denken over identiteit en diversiteit te kaderen in het raam van een nieuwe samenleving van gelijkheid en broederschap, maar hebben zij de machtsverhoudingen en aspiraties van personen en groepen miskend. Men kan elke ideologische constructie met betrekkelijk gemak inzetten voor andere doelen dan waarvoor die constructie is bedoeld en dus zal men een en ander bijsturen. Erkennen dat de bourgeoismaatschappij ondanks nadelen ook voordelen heeft in termen van persoonlijke vrijheid, positieve vrijheid als in vrijheid om iets te realiseren, kan dan helpen. We leven in een boeiende tijd, maar we zullen ook altijd het debat, soms het conflict over hoe het is met verschillen te leven, moeten aangaan. Daarom zijn begrippen als emancipatie, pluralisme en wetenschappelijke ruimdenkendheid geen obsolete begrippen. Hoe zal men als universiteit omgaan met al die al te lange tenen, nu men al zoveel ruimte heeft gelaten voor safe spaces?



Bart Haers

          d.colour Colour Remover 1L/35fl.oz   
d.colour Colour Remover 1L/35fl.oz

d.colour Colour Remover 1L/35fl.oz

A refreshingly scented professional formula that quickly and cleanly removes all traces of nail colour from natural nails and modern solvent resistant enhancements. Safe for use on all CND nail coatings Apply d:colour liberally to a cotton pad or lint free pad and rub over coloured nail. Re-apply if needed.


          Don Macpherson: Philippe Couillard gives in to identity politics   
A campaign to give nationalist credentials to Couillard’s Liberal government in preparation for the next general election is underway.
          Kaktusz hozzászólása (“A templomba járók is drogoznak” – Juhász Péternél is mélyebbre süllyedtek a bezáratott Auróra liberális pártfogói)   
Nahát, ezek valóban egyre inkább süllyednek. Ez lenne a liberalizmus?
          Classroom Teacher - Liberal Arts Institute (L.A.I.) - 台北市   
The Liberal Arts Institute (LAI) is seeking a qualified teacher who is interested in an opportunity... 年薪840,000元
從Indeed - Mon, 24 Apr 2017 17:15:02 GMT - 瀏覽所有台北市的工作
          Why Study History?   
U.S historians have no doubt been having a field day with Trump’s reported clueless comments on U.S. history earlier this year. The president’s moronic take on the nation’s past was front-page news in liberals’ and academics’ favorite newspaper, the New York Times
          Politiker för mångfald främjar enfald   
Politikerna i Karlstad har sagt jag till det kontroversiella moskébygget. Socialdemokraterna, Vänsterpartiet, Miljöpartiet, Centerpartiet och Liberalerna ville ha moskén. En salafistisk moské kommer alltså att byggas i Karlstad. Det innebär ett bakslag för integrationen. Svensk kultur har tagit ett steg bakåt, islamisk fundamentalism har tagit ett steg framåt. De salafistiska ledarna får nu en plattform … Fortsätt läsa Politiker för mångfald främjar enfald
          A tale of two reviews   
In recent weeks, I’ve come to feel more and more that reading mainstream liberal publications like the New York Times or New York Review of Books may be actively making me stupider. A kind of breaking point came when I read the NYT review of the new Brigham Young biography and then, a week later, … Continue reading A tale of two reviews
          CN ON: LTE: Advertising For Marijuana Would Harm Our Youth   
Toronto Star, 26 Jun 2017 - Re Canadian pot ads? Think beer ads. Then think again, Delacourt, June 24 With studies showing that young people smoking marijuana run a greatly enhanced risk of seriously damaging their developing brains, I sure hope columnist Susan Delacourt is correct and the Trudeau Liberals won't flood Canadians with ads to increase pot sales.
          Women Fighting the Good Fight... the Bolshevik-Tards, Here They Come   
Late night big ole yowls,dearest and summer-dancing KitKats ... so, most of the news-info below is from a week or so past ... time flies way too fast, and this Big Cat just can't keep up at all.

WHAT SHE CAN SAY: THE TIME OF THE EVILDOER IS UP. THE TIME OF DIVINE JUDGMENT IS HERE. LIKE DOMINOS, YOU WILL FALL, YOUR DESPICABLE CRIMES ARE REVEALED TO ALL. ANY REPREHENSIBLE ACT YOU ATTEMPT AGAINST ANOTHER, AGAINST HUMANITY WILL ONLY BACKFIRE ON YOU IMMEDIATELY. 

~~~~~~

END THE FED BEFORE THE ENDS OUR ECONOMY AND ENSLAVES *WE THE PEOPLE*. 


AT LEAST, MR. PITT IS BRAVE ENOUGH TO EXPOSE PEDO-HOLLYWOOD. THANK YOU! 

THE 1967 WARNING AGAINST THE ROTHSCHILD INFILTRATION 


June 27, 2017

Stunning 1967 Dissertation Warns Infiltration of Rothschild Luciferians in US Government 2


Between 1967 and 1968 Myron Fagan recorded three LP records: The Illuminati and the Council on Foreign Relations.  The dissertations document the activities of the house of Rothschild were  produced byAnthony J. Hilder – an American activist, author, film maker, talk show host, broadcaster and former actor.
This stunning recording from 1967 speaks to the very problems we face today, including Fake News, government corruption, the Corrupt United Nations and infiltration of a Luciferian Rothschild cult who may have gained irreversible control of the US government.
https://chemtrailsplanet.net/2017/06/27/stunning-1967-dissertation-warns-infiltration-of-rothschild-luciferians-in-us-government

HELL, AT LEAST THEY'RE OUTDOORS ACTUALLY EXERCISING... 

THE BRUTAL REALITY WE FACE AS AMERICANS...DO ALL YOU CAN TO PEACEFULLY PREVENT THIS *DIVIDE AND CONQUER* HORROR SOROS AND MINIONS ARE FOMENTING AGAINST WE THE PEOPLE. 






HEROINE, LAURA LOOMER...THE WOMEN WARRIORS RISE UP! 

https://www.infowars.com/journalist-shuts-down-trump-assassination-play

JOURNALIST SHUTS DOWN TRUMP ASSASSINATION PLAY

"Stop liberal violence!" Journalist screams

A conservative journalist interrupted the Trump assassination play in Central Park, N.Y., on Friday, only two days after the politically-motivated shooting of Republican lawmakers.
Laura Loomer of Rebel Media was arrested after rushing the stage, yelling that the production promoted violence against President Trump and his supporters.
The play, which is sponsored by Time Warner and the New York Times, features a Trump-lookalike who is violently assassinated in the same manner as Julius Caesar.



THIS IS ONE VERY BRAVE WOMAN, KUDOS TO HER!!! 






THE INCREDIBLY BRAVE HEROINE, MONIKA WESOLOWSKI ... MAY SHE BE PROTECTED IN EVERY DIVINE WAY 

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2017/06/17/breaking-whistleblower-says-deep-state-in-control-of-state-department-ongoing-child-trafficking-cover-up-at-st-dept

Breaking: Whistleblower Says Deep State in Control of State Department : Ongoing Child-Trafficking Cover-Up at St. Dept.


Did you know that at the State Department they have an exorbitantly paid employee, of Middle East background, who is in charge of the sex-trafficking brochures for the State Department? Did you know that same person refuses to cover this issue as domestic issue? This plays right into the hands of the Deep State cover-up of their child-sex-trafficking practices at the highest levels of government? This is tantamount to overtly supporting and covering up child-sex-trafficking and the State Department is the willing accomplice. Did you also know that the State Department has 3 men, led by Deep State minion and close Obama ally, Larry Palmer, who controls all information coming in and out of the State Department and they control the FOIA’s for the State Department as well.
State Department employee, Monika Wesolowski, has been unduly harassed and has had her life threatened for trying to expose traitors and overt practices of treason and sedition by State Department employees who are aligned with the Deep State motives and objectives. The following is an interview I conducted with Monika followed by objective, hard proof of the claims made by this whistleblower.
Unlike a lot of sources,this interview names the names of the guilty.

Monika “Begs” for Protection and Nobody From the State Department Will Help

Monika has begged for protection from the death threats, violent attacks and constant harassment. As recently as last Tuesday, June 13, 2017, Monika took the issue to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s aides. As of the date of this publication, she has not heard back on this critical issue. I want to put the State Department on notice, you do not wait 5 days to investigate these kinds of allegations when someone’s life is in danger. This is an example of intentional/unintentional depraved indifference to the safety of of State Department employee, Monika Wesolowski (see the email communications at the bottom of the page).
Previously, on The Common Sense Show,  I documented, with pictures, government vehicles that have stalked and harassed Monika. The Fairfax, VA. police have told Monika that it is not safer to go home and they cannot protect her.
More recently, Monika has had animals poisoned to death. She, herself, has had to be treated for poisoning, some of which was uranium related. When I recently tried to interview Monika by Skype, ourcommunications were blocked for hours. Simultaneously, our cell phone communications were blocked as well. Here home has been invaded when she is not home. She was boxed in by two Muslim men, at the carwash, and stayed near until she called the police. This woman is the Deep State posterchild for political and personal harassment. In the following emails, please note the reference to CHILD-SEX-TRAFFICKING. I further want it to be known that Liz Crokin discovered a connection between the Virginia Shooter baseball practice shooter and child-sex-trafficking and that the primary shooting victim, Rep. Scalise had just sponsored a child-sex-trafficking bill eight days prior to being shot. This is no coincidence, the Deep State strikes again.
Monika has backed out of previous interviews because she is in fear of her life. I have convinced her that if you are going to be on the list, you better be on top of the list. Because I know the fate of Breitbart and Hastings, I have shared this information with other journalistic outlets who are going to cover this case and we are going to turn up the heat significantly.
I want to remind everyone, that in several earlier publications, I have tapped into two unnamed sources, one from the FBI and one from the State Department and was told that there is a Deep State purge underway. Monika confirms the assertion as her office is “like a morgue, people have either left or people have cleared out their desks and are awaiting their departure”.

Crickets Chirping

After numerous instances of being harassed and attacked, she reached out to Secretary Tillerson’s office, but to no avail. Here are the unanswered communications:
From: Wesolowski, Monika
Sent: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 1:39 PM
To: Peterlin, Margaret JA
Cc: Kenna, Lisa D
Subject: RE: Personal and Confidential
Ms. Peterlin and Ms. Kenna,
The issue goes back deeper into 2013 and child trafficking. I have not seen my eight year old son in a year . I worry for his safety and mine. It is imperative I speak to you in person, I will not speak to anyone outside of Mr. Tillerson’s close administration for fear for my life and that of my son’s. Thank you for speaking to me on the phone. I have been wanting to send this email for several months but afraid to.
Monika A. Wesolowski
Visual Information Specialist
United States Department of State
Global Publishing Solutions (A/GIS/GPS)
Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx voicemail
Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx direct

UNCLASSIFIED
From: Wesolowski, Monika
Sent: Tuesday, June 13, 2017 12:50 PM
To: Peterlin, Margaret JA
Cc: Kenna, Lisa D
Subject: Personal and Confidential
Importance: High
Dear Ms. Peterlin,
I proudly attended Secretary of State Tillerson’s swearing in ceremony and have faith that he will be successful at the State Department. I would like to arrange a meeting with your office with the Secretary of State Mr. Rex Tillerson. It is imperative I speak to Mr. Tillerson. I do not feel safe at my office or at home, I have been under constant attack. I have had things happen to my family, myself, and in the office that I cannot talk about in email. I feel my life and health, as well as that of my family and those close to me, is in danger because of where I work and the people I work with, and their connections. I do not know who to trust and cannot trust Diplomatic Security here at DOS, my coworkers or upper management, especially not Ambassador Palmer, who is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Global Information Services. I was informed by my HR that Ambassador Palmer pushed for the Hatch Act for my having a photograph and items of President Trump in my cubicle after the election. The situation at work has been hostile and I have been harassed. Please let me know if you could speak with me or arrange a meeting with the Secretary. Please expect a call regarding this email just to verify.
Thank you kindly,
Monika A. Wesolowski
Visual Information Specialist
United States Department of State
Global Publishing Solutions (A/GIS/GPS)
Phone: xxx-xxx-xxxx voicemail
Phone: 202-xxx-xxxx direct

 Conclusion

 I believe Monika’s best protection is the light of day. On that note, I would ask that all forward this article to your contact list. Secondly, if Tillerson’s office will not respond to this grave situation, then I would ask that everyone send this article to President Trump AND Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Finally, we need to keep the heat on this issue.


OBUMMER CARE... ONE MASSIVE CON GAME ... AND YOU'RE THE SUCKER





WILL THIS STOP THE CLINTONISTA/DNC BODY COUNT??? SO, THE JUDGE REFUSED TO PROTECT THESE WITNESSES ... IF ANYONE IS HARMED/MURDERED, THE BLOOD WILL BE ON HER HANDS. 




GOVERNOR MOONBEAM GOES FULL-TILT COMMIE LUNATIC ... CALIFORNIANS, YOU HAVE THREE CHOICES: RISE AND SAVE YOURSELVES, LEAVE THE GOLDEN STATE, OR BE SACRIFICED ON THE ALTAR OF SATANIC INSANITY 





YEAH, AT LEAST, CALIFORNIA IS SAYING MONSATANO'S ROUNDUP/GLYSOPHATE IS CANCER-CAUSING
Neil deGrasse Tyson now pushing Monsanto propaganda alongside wife abuser and convicted felon
Mike Adams
Why am I not surprised? Neil deGrasse Tyson, who has become a mouthpiece for the GMO and chemical agricultural industries that poison the global food supply, is narrating a new documentary called "Food Evolution."
The film pushes the same pro-GMO propaganda as a violent wife abuser who used to write for Forbes. Another fake science front group -- the ACSH -- appears in the film and is run by a convincted medical fraud FELON who spent years in prison (and now runs biotech propaganda campaigns for a living).
Neil deGrasse Tyson has become a shameful betrayor of humanity and nature and an insult to real science.
THE QUAKES ARE STILL SHAKING, RATTLING, ROLLING MOTHER EARTH ... THIS IS JUST ONE RECENT EXAMPLE 


HERE IT IS, PROOF OF HOW THE AQUARIAN CONSPIRACY [THE BOOK] WORKS. 


AIN'T THIS GREAT, LYING AI ROBOTS, ETC. 

POLICE STATE AMERIKA, ONE MORE NEFARIOUS FASCIST TOOL 

CORPORATE MONOPOLY ... WHY IS THIS NOT SURPRISING? 

GEE, HOW VERY HUMANE. AT LEAST, YOU COULD EUTHENIZE THEM ... YOU SICKO SOCIOPATHS

  • I swear, it's so much fun to watch.
    And now all the special protected groups are turning on each other.
    Liberal cannibalism.
    Life is good.


          UCA ANNOUNCES MAY 2017 GRADUATES   
The University of Central Arkansas held commencement on Saturday, May 6 in the Farris Center. University officials conferred 888 undergraduate degrees and 242 graduate degrees during three ceremonies. Commencement for the College of Education, College of Liberal Arts and College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics was at 10 a.m. Commencement for the College of Business […]
          The Way It Is Now: The Rules Really HAVE Changed!   
Here we go again.
We're facing yet another uproar about presidential tweets.
Yes, the tweets are unprecedented.
Yes, they can be very hard-hitting.
Yes, they can and do take on a personal tone at times.
But, no -- they aren't particularly surprising and it's long since past time when people (and that includes the liberal mainstream media) should have stopped squawking and crying about them.

President Donald J. Trump is who he is.
People were drawn to him precisely because of what they perceived him to be the real deal -- an authentic person who is exactly who and what he appears to be. If you cut him, he bleeds. If you bash him needlessly, deliberately, relentlessly, he'll bash back.
This is clear now. And for many, it's just fine.
You see, people were tried of plastic, blow-dried candidates and leaders. They were also tired of the chicanery and outright lies that went along with traditional, synthetic politicians. They had enough phoniness from people who pretended to be nice but were often nothing more then back-stabbers.
People wanted a strong, bold change. They wanted someone who was in no way tied to the old power-structure or the old way of doing things. They specifically sought out a direct, real-life, vivid personality in their new leader.

And, get this: Since this is what people sought -- especially the people who are Trump's core constituency -- they don't want him to change. Do you understand this? Do you get it?
They don't want him to change because if he changes, that will signal to them that he's giving in to the entrenched establishment. And they don't want this to happen because the minute he does that they fear he will begin to lose and the establishment will begin to win. You can't show weakness; you can't let them see you sweat.
So, yes -- they want President Trump to continue to be a fighter; they want him to answer his critics promptly and in kind; they want him to punch back; they want him to be unpredictable so that it will keep his opponents off guard. And, they don't mind if he appears to be obnoxious now and then. They're mostly okay with that.

So, this is a new kind of presidency with a different kind of constituency -- a group of loyalists who are drawn as much to Trump's sometimes raw personality as they are to his brash, populist agenda. It's a largely visceral movement for a loud, raucous, in-your-face age. And in many ways, the man and the moment have met.

The consequences of all this are nothing short of revolutionary in that the usual rules (the rules that made the powerful feel so secure and so comfortable) just don't apply anymore. For example, the rule used to be: Don't take on the mass media because you simply can't win in a battle with people who buy ink by the barrel. The rule used to apply because those people always got the last word and, while they would pretend to be fair and objective, they'd eventually cut your throat. But, nobody's buying the "fair and objective" nonsense anymore (partly because Trump blew the media's cover) and the media don't get the last word anymore because there's always more for their detractors to say on social media. Yes, the power has shifted. The Internet is a gargantuan, fully-mobilized equalizer and nobody has mastered its use like President Trump.

So it's time for the Big Babies in the media to stop crying, grow up and face the new realities.
The game is no longer necessarily rigged in their favor because the cards can't be marked, covered or even counted anymore.
If there are any smart, savvy, responsible people left in Big Media, they'd do what the most durable, successful corporations do when faced with such significant shifts -- they'd hone in, buckle up, peel off all extraneous (and destructive) trappings and get back to their core business. That would be a good step in the right direction!


          Disturbing New NRA Propaganda Basically Advocates Violence Against Liberals   

On Wednesday, the National Rifle Association released a targeted new ad which attempted to rally support for guns and gun culture by talking nonstop about out-of-control liberals. The dark ad is raising quite a bit of outrage and concern – and for good reason. For the entirety of the one-minute ad, NRA spokesperson Dana Loesch

The post Disturbing New NRA Propaganda Basically Advocates Violence Against Liberals appeared first on The Ring of Fire Network.


          (USA-MI-Albion) Recruiter   
Albion College invites applications for the position of recruiter. This position is essential to supporting the mission and enrollment goals of The Philadelphia Center and to ensuring the current and future academic quality and fiscal health of the Center. The recruiter is responsible The Philadelphia Center to colleges in the Great Lakes Colleges Association (GLCA) and other colleges affiliate with the Center. Other duties include the planning and implementation of recruitment activities, assisting with marketing, cultivating and connect with new partners at liberal arts colleges, and related duties. This position includes overnight, evening and weekend work with significant travel by car, plane or train as necessary. The recruiter may be based near one of the GLCA colleges or in PhiladelphiaQualifications:ulliBachelor’s degree required./liliEducation and/or experience within a residential liberal arts college environment preferred./liliPrior admission experience preferred, however comparable experience in sales, marketing, and/or education will be considered./liliRequires valid driver’s license and passing driving record check./li/ul
          Liberals extend Canada's 'advise and assist' mission in Iraq to March 2019   

The federal government has ordered the military to stay in Iraq for at least two more years, as the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant prepares to enter a new phase. But despite a request from NATO for police trainers, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says there are "absolutely no plans" to send Canadian troops back into Afghanistan.


          Hatewatch Headlines 6/29/2017   

Colorful Jewish-themed mini-bus fire-bombed in Brooklyn; President Trump’s far-right media contacts; over 100 federal agencies fail to report hate crimes; and more.

Washington Post: Boston man arrested after smashing glass panel at New England Holocaust Memorial.

Associated Press: Liberty Counsel files suit in Virginia against GuideStar for listing it as a hate group.

WREG-TV (Memphis, Tennessee):  Gay Tennessee teenager attacked by six youths yelling homophobic slurs.

New York Post: Brooklyn kids “devastated” after colorful Jewish-themed mini-bus firebombed in suspected hate crime.

Media Matters: President Trump is “on the phone a lot” with nine “right-wing media and fringe figures,” including Alex Jones.

Mother Jones:  More than 100 federal agencies fail to report hate crimes to the FBI.

Talking Points Memo:  Attorney General Jeff Sessions absent when Justice Department employees honor transgender teen.

WBIR-TV (Knoxville, Tennessee):  Aryan Nations affiliate Billy Ray Hill up for parole after doing three years of a 24-year stint for murdering his mother.

Right Wing Watch:  Religious Right radio host claims white liberals far more racist than any neo-Nazi skinhead or KKK member.


          Roger Williams University - Adjunct Faculty - School of Architecture, Art & Historic Preservation   
RI-Bristol, About Roger Williams University: Roger Williams University, located on the coast of Bristol, R.I., is a forward-thinking private university with 45 undergraduate majors spanning the liberal arts and the professions, where students become community-minded citizens through project-based, experiential learning. With small classes, direct access to faculty and boundless opportunity for real-world proj
          Liberty Headlines: Bribery, and Water/Land Grabs   

Herewith, my two most recent news summaries from Liberty Headlines — Quin Media Ignore Liberals’ ‘Environmental Racism’ Hobbyhorse Because Perp is a Democrat Question: Since when does the national news media pay […]

The post Liberty Headlines: Bribery, and Water/Land Grabs appeared first on Quin Hillyer.


          6/30/2017: NEWS: Liberals’ call to action: ‘ Crank up the outrage’   

WASHINGTON Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s decision to delay a vote on a GOP health care plan gives Democrats a big opportunity to seize the July 4 recess to dial up the pressure to kill the bill for good. Several outside liberal groups plan...
          (USA-MI-Albion) Residence Hall Director   
Albion College, a selective, private, residential liberal arts college, invites applications for a Residence Hall Director (RD) position. Main responsibilities include overall administration and management of a residential area of 300-500 students; supervising 10-16 Resident Assistants; serve as a College Hearing Officer adjudicating student judicial cases; participation in an on-call rotating duty system; responding to crisis and emergency situations; establishing rapport/developing positive relationships with students; assisting students with conflict resolution; and community building and educational programming that supports the Division of Student Affairs' residential community based learning. The RD also plays an important part in Office of Residential Life central office functions. This a full-time (12 month) live-in position. Salary is competitive and commensurate with experience - benefits included.h4Qualifications Include:/h4ulliMaster's Degree in college student personnel, counseling, or closely related field preferred. /liliBachelor's degree required./liliPrevious residence hall experience beyond the undergraduate level preferred./liliPrevious supervision and training experience required./liliAbility to work collaboratively with all college constituents./liliThe position requires strong interpersonal, oral, and written communication skills./liliAbility to manage multiple projects simultaneously./liliOutstanding organizational skills./liliOutstanding interpersonal, crisis management and problem-solving skills./liliMust possess a high degree of energy and enthusiasm./liliWillingness to provide a high level of customer service./liliEnthusiasm for teaching and learning that goes beyond the classroom./liliMust have a valid, or be eligible to obtain, a Michigan driver’s license and clearing initial and periodic driving record checks/li/ulh4Application Process:/h4Interested candidates should submit a cover letter, resume, and three references to a href="http://apply.interfolio.com/42703"http://apply.interfolio.com/42703/a. Please direct questions to Ms. Julie McMahon, Director for Residential Life (a href="mailto:jmcmahon@albion.edu"jmcmahon@albion.edu/a). A review of applications will begin immediately and continue until the position is filled. The anticipated start date is July 17, 2017.
          Have the democrats noticed they haven't won an election since?   
[0] Question by puzzling on 06/30/17 8:37 AM Replies: 6 Views: 69
Tags: Technology, Snowflakes, Republicans, Politics, Liberals
Last Post by McGentrix on 06/30/17 1:24 PM
          I was white until I came to Canada: Paradkar   

They were innovators, scientists and mathematicians.

They held a monopoly over knowledge, land ownership, intellectual professions, social institutions and political authority.

They dominated society by setting the rules for the default standards of language, of behaviour, of customs and traditions.

Sound familiar?

They are my ancestors, from where I come as a middle-class, upper-caste Indian, the creators of a system so resilient it survived centuries after centuries of invasions and colonization by the Greeks, the Mughals, the Europeans, the British.

Born in post-colonial India, I grew up with strong female role models — Hindu goddesses, warrior queens, feisty politicians, professional aunts and a mother determined not to allow my sister and me to be treated differently from our brother.

Like many women seeking to shape a modern India that was equitable, I grew up challenging traditions about our place in society, questioning norms about viewing marriage as an achievement or the deep value placed on chastity.

When I supported our domestic worker against her drunken husband, when I lectured women from nearby villages about HIV/AIDS or exhorted them to have fewer children, I based my efforts on the premise that all people needed was a little leg up to get on a level-playing field.

You could say I was a well-meaning white feminist.

Invisible to me were the barriers and mental prisons formed by the matrices of caste, skin colour, and centuries of dependency piled on top of the misogyny the women experienced.

Sometimes you notice the rug only when it is pulled from under your feet.

I moved to beautiful Canada.

Moving here had the effect of literally flying to the top of the Earth and looking at the world from a new vantage point. It gave me perspective.

Canada felt like my calm partner, and India a tempestuous ex. Life there was vibrant, full-throated, no holds barred. You shouted, you cried, you laughed out loud. Here, for a new immigrant with a job, life appeared tranquil, pleasant and for the most part predictable.

Read more: Wonder Woman must save the world, but first she has to fight it: Paradkar

I had never not belonged where I lived, and here, too, I felt included in inclusive Canada. I didn’t see the difference between the mostly white Canadians around me and myself — I thought I was essentially like them, with darker skin and a few religious rituals.

The first strike against that notion, or at least one that registered, came at a car dealership where the salesman shut me down saying he did not negotiate with Indians when I asked if that was the best price he could offer. I didn’t recognize it then but it was when my racialization began.

Over the years, came other instances of individual racism. The shoe salesman who told my visiting father every single shoe he wanted was not in stock, the woman who invited me over but whose husband didn’t show up in his own house because he didn’t like immigrants, the people who didn’t take me seriously because I sound different.

I believe everybody, no matter of what background, has experienced being put down for something in that background, some with more far-reaching repercussions than others. My exposure to colourism/shadeism in India and the systemic racism I saw here quickly made it obvious that what I faced was nothing compared to what even darker-skinned people experienced or what Black people faced. This society is centred around whiteness — proximity to whiteness brings privilege, and anti-Black racism is not a historical shame. It is a vile and vicious present-day malaise.

Then came the discovery that blindsided me. The unpeeling of layers hidden underneath Canada’s calm revealed the anguish of the Indigenous peoples of this land. I knew an ancient civilization existed here, but I had thought Canada was a benign rearranging of the cultures; adventurers came, treaties were signed and hello, 150 years.

I had thought of Indigenous people as a scattered group of what are called “tribals” in India or the orang asli in Malaysia — people of a bygone era, living on their own remote lands, untouched by modernity.

What I have learned is they have more in common with us, the millions from colonized lands who have known and felt the tragedies that the colonizers wrought on our people, reading stories and hearing them from the mouths of our parents and grandparents.

This revelation of contemporary colonialism feels like the pages from my history books have come alive, challenging me to participate now, giving me a chance to take sides this time, connecting me to the people who were once mistaken for my forefathers. This brought about a seismic shift in my understanding of where I, now a “non-white,” was situated in the social and racial landscape; if I was once white, by attitude, I was once native, too, in fact.

The pain of Indigenous and Black people doesn’t exist for my learning or betterment; only mine does. I cannot burden others to educate me. So I try to listen with an open heart and do my job, to make uncomfortable those liberal-minded Canadians whom I know to otherwise nurture a deep sense of fairness and civic duty, but whose privilege shields them from facing this morally unsustainable treatment of people.

Read more: You don't have to hate police to agree with BLM: Paradkar

When I celebrate Canada 150 it will be not for what has been accomplished but for the promise of its potential to lead the world to equity.

Here I am then, once again, poking holes in deeply rooted ideas, questioning traditions about people’s place in society, this time in Canada.

I have found my feet.

I am home.

Shree Paradkar tackles issues of race and gender. You can follow her @shreeparadkar


          Bill Nye The Nazi Guy Ep 1 Das Ehne Liben   
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0MBHTHf6eak Episode 1 of a series on Bill Nye's radical leftist agenda he promotes on his show NetFlix. Featuring WW2 liberal documentaries Das Ehne Liben and Das Erbe. VIEWS EXPRESSED BY BILL NYE AND HITLER ARE THOSE OF ALL LIBERALS
          El próximo domingo 9 de julio habrá brigada de salud con habitantes de calle de Bucaramanga    
La Fundación Nueva Luz por Colombia, en cabeza de Luz Dary Bayona Marín, una joven que luchó para sacar rescatar a su hermano de la vida en las calles, organiza para el próximo domingo 9 de julio una brigada de salud con los habitantes de calle....
Credito: REDACCIÓN VANGUARDIA LIBERAL

          Ulf Engström: ”Inga större förändringar i nästa års Live-SM”   

Vi intervjuade Svenska Pokerförbundets (SvePof) ordförande Ulf Engström angående Online-SM så sent som i oktober. Men sedan dess har mycket hänt, bland annat spelades live-SM på Malta och nyligen utsågs Ulf till en av 23 referenspersoner i den nytillsatta spelutredningen. Utredningen leds av Lotteriinspektionens Håkan Hallstedt och har en fastställd deadline den 31 mars 2017.

PokerListings: Hej Ulf! Pokerevent AB som tidigare brukade hålla i Poker-SM fick förtroendet att stå som arrangör i år igen, trots en kontroversiell omröstning. Arrangören skulle få hålla i både live och online-eventen. Om vi börjar med live-SM. Det var första gången på flera år som Pokerevent på egen hand anordnade live-SM för Svepofs räkning.

Nu har det gått ett litet tag sedan live-SM spelades. Kan du berätta om hur ni tyckte att det gick med arrangemanget? Var ni t.ex. nöjda med platsen, deltagarantalet, uppbyggnaden inför evenemanget, andra samarbetspartners, spelarhotell etc.?

Ulf Engström: Vi uppfattade att det var ett väldigt lyckat arrangemang. Spellokalen fungerade alldeles utmärkt och såvitt vi vet var det absoluta flertalet riktigt nöjda. Självklart önskar vi alltid fler spelare och efter att det är genomfört på detta sätt ett år tror vi att det finns goda förutsättningar att öka på spelarantalet framöver.

Vad anser ni om valet av tidpunkten då Europas största livepoker-event Battle of Malta spelades samtidigt precis i närheten av SM?

– Det var delvis lyckat och delvis olyckligt. Planen var att ha olika speldagar, men ungefär samtidigt, för att ge svenska spelare mesta möjliga utbyte av sin Maltaresa. Tyvärr ändrades speldagar på BOM och det var då inte möjligt att ändra speldagar på SM, vilket betydde att vissa inte fick chansen att spela det de önskade, vilket vi beklagar. Vissa andra fick en möjlighet att spela både SM och BOM, vilket jag tycker låter som en riktigt härlig pokerresa.

En rolig (?) detalj var att ni hade ett nytt tävlingsmoment, Sviten Special. Men vad var tanken med det?

 

Europas största pokerturnering, Battle of Malta 2015.
Battle of Malta 2015

– Det var tredje året som Sviten Special fanns med i SM-sammanhang. Det är en disciplin som stadigt växer i popularitet och spelas mer och mer runtom i Sverige.

Något som har nämnts är att en tidigare styrelsemedlem, en av de som röstade för det kontroversiella avtalet med Pokerevent, jobbade med SM på Malta. Hur ser styrelsen på det?

– Det har inte varit uppe som någon diskussionspunkt på styrelsen. Jag har haft ett mycket gott samarbete med denne styrelsemedlem och jag tror att det är problematiskt om vi i styrelsen efter avslutat uppdrag inte ska få ta andra uppdrag inom pokerbranschen. Jag tror inte att omröstningen utföll på detta sätt p.g.a. förhoppningar om egna uppdrag.

Vet ni något om det finansiella resultatet från live-SM?

– Något under budget.

Vad om något vill ni ändra på tills nästa års live-SM?

– Inga större saker direkt, vi har gått igenom lite saker med Pokerevent och kommer att ha fortsatt dialog framöver. Pokerevent gör själva ett stort utvärderingsarbete som även vi kommer att få ta del av, som framförallt kommer att ligga till grund för eventuella förändringar till kommande år. Jag har personligen bara fått små anmärkningar och stora beröm.

Sist vi talades vid var det om online-SM som hade de sämsta siffrorna någonsin. Då sade du att ni skulle utvärdera evenemanget när det var klart. Vad har ni kommit fram till angående arrangemanget?

– Att det var en klar besvikelse. Vi hade förstås trott och hoppats på betydligt fler deltagare. Våra mejl ska ha nått ut till samtliga som spelat Online-SM något av de senaste två-tre åren, så att så många skulle ”missat” det verkar inte troligt, utan vi tror att det huvudsakligen rör sig om andra orsaker än hur vi nått ut.

Jag antar att ni har framfört kritik till Pokerevent angående de genomusla spelarsiffrorna i online-SM? Vad har ni fått för feedback på det?

– Jag uppfattar att även Pokerevent är besvikna på spelarsiffrorna och har full förståelse för vår kritik. Det var problematiskt att få ihop det i tid och alla parter trodde att det var bättre att köra det under de premisserna som gavs än att avstå.

 

Poker SM Online 2015
Pokerevent medvetna om kritiken.

– Om det var rätt beslut finns det flera olika uppfattningar om, jag tror själv att även om det inte blev helt lyckat, så var det bättre att genomföra det än att bara hoppa över det. Det kanske på många plan var ett förlorat år, men inget online-SM alls hade varit minst lika illa. 

(Red. anm. Som ovan nämnts har en ny spelutredning tillsatts och där Svenska Pokerförbundets ordförande Ulf Engström är en av 23 personer i vad som kallas referensgruppen)

Kan du berätta mer om den så kallade referensgruppen, RG?

– För en tid sedan fick vi en förfrågan om att delta i den här referensgruppen och även utan att veta alltför mycket om det krävdes det ingen som helst betänketid att tacka ja. Mitt mål som ordförande i SvePof har hela tiden varit att påverka politiskt och detta är vad jag arbetat för och hoppats på.

– Utredningen består av en utredare som till sin hjälp har en expertgrupp, alltså politiskt sakkunniga. Utöver detta finns två referensgrupper, en som består av politiker från riksdagspartierna och en som består av ”intressenter från spelmarknaden” där jag alltså är en av medlemmarna.

Jobbar ni var för sig eller kommer ni att ha möten inom RG?

– Jag har faktiskt inte fått ta del av någon sådan information ännu. Jag gissar att det kommer att bli både och. Jag har redan viss kontakt med några av de andra i gruppen och om det inte kommer att bli tillräckligt med större möten med hela gruppen, kommer jag söka samarbeten bland övriga i gruppen ändå.

– Utredningen kommer att pågå under lång tid, så jag tror det kommer krävas mycket eget arbete, samtidigt som jag hoppas att vi alla kommer att kunna träffas en del, för jag tror det är i samtal som de bästa lösningarna hittas.

Har ni fått några direktiv att arbeta efter?

– Inte specifikt till referensgruppen, utredningsdirektiven, eller kommittédirektiven, däremot är offentliga sedan i september och ligger på regeringens hemsida.  

Vad förväntar du dig av Svepofs roll i spelutredningen? 

Ulf Engström, pokerförbundets ordförande.
Ulf Engström, Foto: Svenska Pokerförbundet/Leon Pavlov

– Att vi ska ta plats och göra skillnad. Kasinospel, travsport och tips omsätter alla enorma summor pengar och jag är rädd för att det är lätt att poker hamnar lite i skymundan. Genom att vi finns med där blir vi svårare att ignorera.

– Vi representerar en sport där vi är direkt beroende av motpartens agerande. När vi spelar på hästar eller kasinospel är inte mitt resultat beroende av andra spelares (annat än att det i vissa fall styr oddsen), i poker är det spelare mot spelare.

– Vi är dessutom de enda (eventuellt vid sidan av spelmissbruksorganisationerna) som representerar spelarna direkt, övriga representerar stora ekonomiska intressen. Så jag tror att vår plats är mycket viktig.

Hur mycket tror du att Svepofs diverse kampanjer genom åren för en liberalare spellagstiftning har påverkat tillsättandet av den nya utredningen? 

– Jag tror ju gärna att vi har påverkat och framförallt kommer att påverka framöver. Att utredningen kommer till stånd nu, tror jag dock ärligt talat mest handlar om att verkligheten kommit ifatt. Spellagstiftningen som den ser ut idag har tappat greppet. När så stor del av spelandet sker hos utländska sajter tappas hela poängen med nuvarande spellagstiftning och det var nog helt enkelt inte möjligt för politikerna att vänta längre. 

Nedan bemöter Ulf en del av den kritik han fick efter vår förra intervju med honom (som du kan läsa här) som handlade om online-SM.

– Jag fick en del kritik för ett svar som jag lämnade i förra intervjun, ”Om det är en tävling så skulle jag se det som en tävling mellan monopolet och spelarna. Och där tror jag att spelarna är på väg att vinna. ”

– Det tolkades som att jag tyckte att vårt SM-event skulle vara större än Svenska Spels. Min tanke med det svaret var just den spelutredning som vi pratat om här, som då nyligen offentliggjorts. Jag tror att monopolet kommer att försvinna och då torde det bara finnas en organisation som arrangerar SM, spelarnas egen organisation.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          NDP: Liberals Must Come Clean on NAFTA Priorities   
OTTAWA – With NAFTA renegotiations coming as early as August, NDP Leader Tom Mulcair and NDP Trade Critic, Tracey Ramsey, sent a letter to the Prime Minister today urging him to come clean to Canadians on his government’s priorities for the... Read More
          Gang of one   

I got up early-ish and set off to Grant’s, getting there at eleven; he was out so I went into Easterby and signed on along with skinheads and others. I have to go back on Wednesday at 9 a.m.

I bought The Fall’s new single “The Man Whose Head Expanded/Ludd Gang which was new in the shop today, but it’s disappointing. Marc Riley’s been kicked out and Mark E. said in the Melody Maker recently that he wants to cut the melody out completely and get back to a simpler more noisy format, but this single shows no sign of this, just a restatement (and not as good a restatement at that) of old themes.

Maybe I’ll grow to like it.

I went back to Grant’s house and we passed the afternoon in the dark back room playing records while Grant criticised his brother, forcing him into humbled half-apologies. He was pretty fed up again I think and dislikes his family, describing them as “good liberal middle-class Guardian readers.” He seems to be constantly on edge and in a prickly mood with them which his Mum counters with blind cheerfulness and chuckles.

His sister has grown up a lot since I last saw her and has developed into a typical Egley Grammar Schoolite. His brother flogged me some singles  by New Order, Sex Pistols and Public Image hw wants rid of. At his age I was listening to Santana and jazz-rock, but then I didn’t have Grant for an older brother. But he’s still into Doctor Who, so he’s an odd mix.

At seven we went round to Nik’s house and set off through the woods to the Albion. Grant and Nik seemed quiet and subdued. Tim the guitarist was there and a few others I remembered soon turned up.

I went to cash a cheque at the off-licence nearby, came back and bought Grant and Nik a drink, half-intending on getting pissed but my money soon dwindled. We went to the Brass Cat and then the Hare and Hounds where we met Jackie, but I had to leave to catch the last bus.
          Andrew Cuomo Refuses Federal Data Request Related To Trump's "Voter Fraud Myth"   

Shortly after moving into the White House, President Trump promised a "major investigation into VOTER FRAUD" and vowed that any evidence of wrongdoing would be used to strengthen voting procedures.  The following tweets undoubtedly 'triggered' millions of liberals across the country as visions of 'racist' voter ID laws danced in their heads.

 

Then, just last month, that "major investigation" came in the form of an Executive Order entitled: "Presidential Executive Order on the Establishment of Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity."  The Commission was to be chaired by Vice President Mike Pence and it's mission was defined as follows:

The Commission shall, consistent with applicable law, study the registration and voting processes used in Federal elections.  The Commission shall be solely advisory and shall submit a report to the President that identifies the following:

 

(a)  those laws, rules, policies, activities, strategies, and practices that enhance the American people's confidence in the integrity of the voting processes used in Federal elections;

 

(b)  those laws, rules, policies, activities, strategies, and practices that undermine the American people's confidence in the integrity of the voting processes used in Federal elections; and

 

(c)  those vulnerabilities in voting systems and practices used for Federal elections that could lead to improper voter registrations and improper voting, including fraudulent voter registrations and fraudulent voting.

 

And, since no one would possibly argue in favor of more voter fraud rather than less, you might assume this particular Executive Order enjoyed overwhelming bipartisan support across the country...of course, you could think that, but you would be incredibly wrong.

Enter New York Governor Andrew Cuomo.  Apparently Mr. Cuomo is so certain that voter fraud is nothing more than a right-wing "myth" that's he unwilling to even comply with a data request to make sure.  We're sure he's just trying to save Vice President Pence from wasting his time.

 

Of course, Cuomo's position is somewhat curious in light of the fact that New York City's own Commissioner of the Board of Elections, Alan Schulkin (Democrat), was caught on a secret video by Project Veritas openly admitting that "there is a lot of voter fraud."  At one point, Schulkin even admits that campaign officials bus minorities from "poll site to poll site" so they can vote multiple times.

“He gave out ID cards, de Blasio. That’s in lieu of a driver’s license, but you can use it for anything.  But they didn’t vet people to see who they really are. Anybody can go in there and say, ‘I am Joe Smith, I want an ID card."

 

"It’s absurd. There is a lot of fraud. Not just voter fraud, all kinds of fraud . . . This is why I get more conservative as I get older.”

 

“Voters? Yeah, they should ask for your ID. I think there is a lot of voter fraud.  You know, I don’t think it’s too much to ask somebody to show some kind of an ID . . . You go into a building, you have to show them your ID."

 

“They bus people around to vote . . . They put them in a bus and go poll site to poll site.”  Asked which neighborhoods, Schulkin said, “I don’t want to say.”  When the undercover mentions black and Hispanic neighborhoods, Schulkin responded, “Yeah . . . and Chinese, too.”

 

Alas, we assume that video is also just a 'myth'...

Of course, New York wasn't the only snowflake state to opt out of Trump's voter fraud data request. Apparently California is also quite confident that all of their illegal immigrants are voting legally...or something like that.

 

As The Hill notes, a total of 5 states have refused to turn over any voter data whatsoever while another 9 have said they'll only hand over publicly available data.

As of Friday afternoon, officials in New York, California, Massachusetts, Kentucky and Virginia had said they would not turn over any of their voter data to the voter fraud commission.

 

Other officials in Connecticut, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Vermont, Utah, North Carolina, Indiana and Iowa said they would only turn over public information on voter rolls, but wouldn't share private information.

 

Wisconsin announced it would turn over public information but would charge the commission $12,500 to buy the voter roll data.

Of course, at the end of the day, you only really need to examine a couple of critical swing states to get a sense for how rampant voter fraud might be.  And, since we don't see Florida or Ohio on the lists above, we very much look forward to the data from those two states.


          Vaughn Palmer: Horgan's next challenge begins now   
VICTORIA — After weeks of speculation, Lt-Gov. Judith Guichon acted decisively and simply Thursday to end 16 years of Liberal government in B.C. and invite the NDP back to office in an unusual partnership with the Greens. The drama started in the legislature just before 5 p.m. as Premier Christy Clark delivered a last plea […]
          Student Services Coordinator - Registrar's Office - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
Thorough knowledge of academic calendar and schedule for registration, end of semester, graduation and a matriculation cycle for four year liberal arts...
From University of Richmond - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 14:38:26 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          Biology: Visiting Faculty Position (Focus in Ecology) - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
The University of Richmond is a private, highly selective, predominantly liberal arts institution. The Department of Biology at the University of Richmond seeks...
From University of Richmond - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 14:34:40 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          Finance: Assistant/Associate Professor (Business School) - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
The University of Richmond is a private, highly selective, nationally ranked liberal arts institution offering a unique combination of undergraduate degree...
From University of Richmond - Tue, 13 Jun 2017 20:23:36 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          Mathematics & Computer Science: Visiting Instructor of Computer Science - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
The teaching statement should highlight the applicant’s plans or goals for supporting inclusivity and diversity in the context of an undergraduate liberal arts...
From University of Richmond - Sun, 04 Jun 2017 05:13:37 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          Operations Management: Assistant/Associate Professor (Business School) - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
The Robins School of Business is part of a private, highly-selective university, with a liberal arts orientation and a rising national and international profile...
From University of Richmond - Sat, 20 May 2017 05:01:38 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          Geography: Assistant Professor in Climate Change and Remote Sensing - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
The University of Richmond is a private, highly selective, predominantly liberal arts institution. The Department of Geography and the Environment invites...
From University of Richmond - Sat, 01 Apr 2017 00:08:28 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          Mathematics & Computer Science: Visiting Instructor of Mathematics - University of Richmond - Richmond, VA   
The teaching statement should highlight the applicant’s plans or goals for supporting inclusivity and diversity in the context of an undergraduate liberal arts...
From University of Richmond - Thu, 30 Mar 2017 18:03:40 GMT - View all Richmond, VA jobs
          White House: Liberal Media Gave 1 Minute to Tax Reform, 353 Minutes to "False Narrative on Russia"   

During the White House press briefing on Thursday, Deputy Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders cited data from a Media Research Center study showing that the ABC, CBS, and NBC evening news shows devoted 55% of their entire coverage, since mid-May, to "pushing a false narrative on Russia."

During the briefing, several reporters asked Sanders about a tweet by the president, in which he criticized the hosts of MSNBC's Morning Joe program, and whether  tweeting took attention away from the president's legislative agenda.

Sanders said President Trump often tweets on policy issues but the liberal media apparently do not want to discuss those messages, only the more controversial ones about media or personalities.

"I think the president would love us all to focus on the legislative agenda a whole lot more," she said. "You look at the coverage over the last month of the extended period between May and June, all of the major networks, if you look at their coverage and what they are talking about, they spent one minute in the evening newscast talking about tax reform.

She continued, "Three minutes on infrastructure. Five minutes on the economy and jobs. Seventeen minutes on health care, and 353 minutes attacking the president and pushing a false narrative on Russia."

Those numbers were gathered by the Media Research Center in a June 27 study entitled TV News Is Obsessed With Trump-Russia Probe, which was published by NewsBusters, a division of the MRC.

"I mean look at that in comparison," said Sanders.  "If you guys want to talk about legislative agenda and focus on policy and priorities, you guys get to help set that table."

"Three hundred and fifty-three minutes of attacks against the president and driving a false narrative and one minute on tax reform," she said.  "That's over the course of a month. The numbers don't lie."

The study examined the evening news casts at ABC, CBS, and NBC from May 17 - when Special Counsel Robert Mueller was appointed - to June 20.

For all that coverage, the study found "353 minutes of airtime devoted to the Russia probe, or 55 percent of all coverage of the Trump presidency during those weeks."

"The networks' relentless coverage of Russia meant little airtime was spent on important policy topics, as the investigation garnered 20 times more attention than the new health care bill, 100 times more attention than the administration's push to improve the nation's infrastructure, and a stunning 450 times more coverage than the push for comprehensive tax reform," MRC Research Director Rich Noyes inhis report.

The networks devoted less than one minute to tax reform over the course of five weeks. The economy and jobs? 5 minutes. New Cuba policy? 5 minutes. Infrastructure spending? 3 minutes.  Climate change got 47 minutes.  But the Russia/Comey investigation was the priority of the networks with 353 minutes in coverage.

"TV's obsession with the Russia investigation flies in the race of what the public says it actually cares about," reports Noyes. "According to a Harvard-Harris poll released late last week, ‘a majority of voters believe the Russia investigations are damaging to the country and are eager to see Congress shift its focus to healthcare, terrorism, national security, the economy and jobs.'"

"Given the disconnect, it should be no surprise that half of all voters see the media as biased against Trump," said Noyes, "compared to only four percent who think the media are pro-Trump, according to a recent Rasmussen poll, with two-thirds of Republican respondents (68%) saying media coverage of the president is ‘poor."

At the White House, Sanders further remarked, "The media's focus on priorities-they don't line up with the rest of America. Right now we've got our economies growing, the stock market is up, unemployment is down, jobs are back and ISIS is on the run. America is winning and that's what we would like to talk about.

"But you guys constantly ignore that narrative."

Disclosure: The Media Research Center is the parent organization of CNSNews.com. 

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Courtesy of CNSNews.com     


          Turning the U.S.-India Alignment into an Alliance   

"Our robust strategic partnership is such that it touches upon almost all areas of human endeavor....We consider the USA as our primary partner for India's social and economic transformation in all our flagship programs and schemes," proclaimed Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 26. The venue was the joint press conference with President Donald Trump following their lengthy meeting at the White House. This is a sentiment that America must strengthen and build upon to contain the expanding ambitions of China.

Of course, diplomatic niceties prevented any actual public mention of the Communist regime as a common threat to the world's two largest democracies. Nor was China's ally Pakistan mentioned, even as the two leaders talked about defeating terrorism in the region. President Trump noted "Both our nations have been struck by the evils of terrorism, and we are both determined to destroy terrorist organizations and the radical ideology that drives them. We will destroy radical Islamic terrorism." In the case of India, terrorism has been linked directly to Pakistan which has been supporting an insurgency in Kashmir ever since that Muslim province was incorporated into India when the British Raj was partitioned in 1947.

Pakistan was founded as an Islamic state with the mission to unite all Muslims in the region. India was founded on a more tolerant, multicultural democratic standard and counts 175 million Muslims among its 1.3 billion citizens. In must be remembered that it was Pakistan that blocked a UN plebiscite on Kashmir's fate because it feared too many Muslims would vote to live in the more attractive society of India than in a militant regime. Pakistan failed in its bid to seize control of Kashmir but has continued to stir up jihadist movements in the province. Vice President Mike Pence, speaking to the U.S.-India Business Council on June 27, mentioned how "barbarians have struck on Indian soil too many times over the decades, including the horrific attacks in Mumbai nearly a decade ago, claiming the lives of more than 160 innocents, including six Americans." That attack was traced to Pakistan. Hours before Modi's arrival, the State Department imposed sanctions on Syed Salahuddin, the Pakistan-based leader of Hizbul Mujahideen, the main Kashmir terrorist group.

PM Modi stated, "Fighting terrorism and doing away with the safe shelters, sanctuaries, and safe havens will be an important part of our cooperation," clearly with Pakistan in mind; not only regarding Kashmir, but also Afghanistan. The U.S. and its coalition (which includes India, for whose contributions President Trump thanked Modi) cannot end the war in Afghanistan as long as the Taliban (and now ISIS) can lick their wounds and rebuild their forces in Pakistan; free to cross the border at times of their own choosing. 

The threat from China was alluded to when President Trump mentioned how Indian forces "will join together with the Japanese navy to take part in the largest maritime exercise ever conducted in the vast Indian Ocean." What links Japan and India is concern over Beijing's expansion across the Pacific Rim and into the Indian Ocean. Beijing's ambitious "Belt and Road" development initiative which is designed to impose a "common destiny" on Eurasia is opposed by both India and Japan. The Chinese plan will build on programs hat have already been underway in Pakistan and Sri Lanka, posing direct threats to Indian security.

The U.S. and Japan can and must counter the Chinese initiative by increasing their role in developing the Indian economy, which can truly be a "win-win" relationship. China's rise has been fueled by short-sighted American business firms willfully ignorant of the true nature of the Beijing regime. They have transferred technology and production capacity to a strategic rival of their home country. The pursuit of private profit without adequate supervision by a Washington establishment blinded by naive liberal hopes and corrupted by corporate cash has helped to create a threat Americans will have to face for decades to come. It would be a much better world if all the Western capital sent to China had gone to India instead. Trade is properly conducted among friends, not adversaries where the "gains from trade" are used to create menacing capabilities.

With the world's largest population, India presents a massive market for American goods of all kinds. President Trump, however, concentrated his remarks on energy and security. We are "looking forward to exporting more American energy to India as your economy grows, including major long-term contracts to purchase American natural gas." To the extent that imported gas replaces Indian coal, it will help New Delhi clean up the air pollution that makes its cities look as bad at those in China. VP Pence added nuclear power and clean coal to the list of energy sources the U.S. could help New Delhi develop. President Barack Obama had carried his "war on coal" overseas with a ban on any U.S. aid to the Indian coal industry. But India is not going to abandon its massive coal reserves; their use can, however, be improved.   

Modernizing India's military is central to the strategic alignment. VP Pence mentioned to the USIBC that "the United States will sell Sea Guardian UAVs, Apache attack helicopters, and C-17 transports to India." A larger program on the table is the sale of 126 fighter jets to India. The Lockheed F-16 "Viper" is the leading candidate, but the Saab JAS-39 "Gripen" is also in the running, though a strategic link to Sweden makes little sense in an Asian setting. India, however, is moving from being a consumer of military hardware to a producer, as any Great Power must do. Modi has a "make it in India" policy and Lockheed is willing to set up an F-16 production line there. The question is whether this will be considered "outsourcing" by the Trump administration. It should not be as long as the production is for Indian service and does not replace jobs in U.S. industry supplying the Pentagon. The F-16 is long out of production for the USAF. The new F-35 "Lightning II" is coming into service (also built by Lockheed).

Indian production should be seen as "market extension" which will create additional work for American factories and maintenance services, not only for this order of warplanes but for future orders of military equipment of many kinds as the strategic relationship deepens. It should be noted that the first European production line for the F-16 opened in 1978; so India is not asking for anything novel.

The need to offer "co-production" to win military contracts is a subject not often discussed in public debates over arms sales, but it is a part of many transactions. Offset arrangements can also involve local purchasing, subcontracting, investment, and technology-transfer requirements on U.S. exporters that benefit foreign firms in the purchasing country. The U.S. defense industry is the world's leader, but its comparative advantage does not yield the full returns economic textbooks promise because of real world practices like offsets. These are negotiated between foreign governments and corporations in virtually every deal. The state authorities have the greater leverage, as it is generally a buyer's market; but strategic considerations also play their part. Our officials must keep a close eye on such deals to keep a proper balance between risks and rewards to the U.S. defense industrial base.

India's offset requirements have been at the low end of the international scale. Caught between two allied nuclear powers, China and Pakistan, New Delhi needs to modernize its forces; but it also needs a domestic industrial infrastructure to support its armed services. This is why offsets, though generally banned in the commercial sector under the World Trade Organization, are allowed for national security reasons. What is truly important cannot be left to the "invisible hand"--- which means the hands of others.

President Trump and Prime Minister Modi are both nationalists in a dangerous world. As Modi put it, "I am sure that the convergence between my vision for a 'new India' and President Trump's vision for 'making America great again' will add new dimensions to our cooperation." Let us work to make it so in a positive way.

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          Hungary’s Higher Ed Law Ensnares U.S. College   

A Maryland liberal arts college held negotiations last week with members of Governor Larry Hogan’s cabinet and Hungarian diplomats to hammer out an agreement to keep its campus in Budapest open, The Baltimore Sun reported.

McDaniel College, which has a 23-year-old campus in Budapest, has to reach such an agreement under the terms of a new Hungarian higher education law. The passage of that law, in April, was widely seen as an attack on Central European University, an American-accredited institution in Budapest that was founded by the liberal financier George Soros.

The terms of the law require that foreign universities with campuses in Hungary also have campuses in their home countries -- which McDaniel does but CEU doesn’t -- and that they be governed by an agreement between the Hungarian and U.S. governments. McDaniel President Roger Casey told the newspaper that a final written agreement between Hungary and Maryland is imminent.

"I never imagined that as a small-college president I would be dealing with diplomatic relations," Casey is quoted as saying.

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          Para Daniel Filmus, “Macri es un neoliberal de pacotilla”   
El precandidato a diputado nacional por la fuerza que comanda Cristina, sostuvo que el Presidente “ni bajó la inflación ni redujo el déficit fiscal".
          Comentário sobre Historiadores! Aécio perdeu o salário por Denis Tadeu Alves   
Anseio, caro professor, por uma monarquia, mas não a monarquia constitucional, parlamentar ou liberal, do tipo inglês, espanhol, sueco, dinarmaquês ou coisa parecida por esse mundo afora. Quero uma monarquia abslota, comoaquelas do século XVIII, do Rei Sol, Luiz XIV: "L'Etat c'est moi. "O Estado sou Eu"!
          Comentário sobre O que é em política direita e esquerda? por Marcio Rodrigues   
" Uma conclusão importante: é uma tolice dizer que não existe direita democrática ou esquerda democrática. Liberais democratas são, em princípio, democratas. Social-democratas são, em princípio, democratas." Perdoe-me, mas esta afirmação so' é possi'vel quando se abre-mão de ultrapassar a superfi'cie do que se ana'lisa, visto que se deixa de constatar que o Estado é constituido, organizado, particularmente no que se refere a Constituição e as leis, por e em função de atender aos interesses da classe dominante, no caso do capitalismo, a burguesia. Por ex., seja em um governo muito liberal, seja em uma social-democracia, ninguém é eleito sem dinheiro e sem o apoio midia'tico. E, como os detentores do capital e da mi'dia são os burgueses, além de serem eles mesmos os que definiram as regras da eleição (entre outras), DE FATO são eles que escolhem os que comandarão os Três Poderes. Enfim, é preciso superficialidade p dizer que existe democracia no capitalismo liberal ou social-democrata, ja' que o conceito de democracia não pode ser reduzido ao ato de votar. Como o senhor não é superficial, qualifico essa sua falha como um lapso. Outro pequeno problema em seu texto é o significado atribuido à "utopia" . Grosso modo, ele passa a ideia de que uma utopia jamais poderia tornar-se uma "topia". Ele coloca "utopia" como sinônimo de sonho, quando de fato a primeira exige uma base empi'rica, enquanto a segunda se contenta com o mundo das ideias : o avião foi uma utopia que virou topia, pular do décimo andar sacudindo os braços achando que vai voar, so' é possivel no sonho. Esta distinção é importante pq deixa claro que o comunismo é algo via'vel e possi'vel.
          Comentário sobre Fernando Holiday tem dificuldade de entender a escola e a democracia liberal por Paulo Ghiraldelli   
A comparação não é sobre ele, mas sobre o tipo dele, o modo como ele é requerido para participar das forças de reação. Seu ódio intrínseco é o tema.
          Comentário sobre Fernando Holiday tem dificuldade de entender a escola e a democracia liberal por Denis Tadeu Alves   
Nunca gostei das ideias desse rapaz. E não é por ele ser gay e negro. Absolutamente.Mas, compará-lo à KGB ou à Stasi, considero um tanto impreciso, permita-me, caro professor. Talvez o nobre parlamentar esteja muito mais próximo de uma Ação Francesa, de Charles Maurras(do Caso Dreyfus, na França do final do século XIX), ou de uma P.I.D.E(Polícia Internacional de Defesa do Estado), na nefasta polipolícia secreta do regime salzarisalazarista, em Portugal. O susujesujeito tem todos os trejeitos e cacoetes de uma extrema-direita carcomida.
          Bernie Sanders Says He Did Not Help Burlington College Secure a Loan   

U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, an Independent from Vermont, said that his office did not help his wife, who was president of Burlington College, secure a loan for the since-closed liberal-arts institution, the Burlington Free Press reports.

Mr. Sanders’s wife, Jane Sanders, brokered a land deal for the college in 2010, when she was its president. The college purchased the former headquarters of the state’s Roman Catholic diocese for $10 million with plans to expand and recruit more students.

Ms. Sand...


          Here’s What Commenters Want the Department of Education to Change   

The U.S. Department of Education wants feedback about its plans to replace, repeal, or modify existing regulations.

Here are samples of what commenters want to see changed:

A commenter from Maryland wrote that a liberal-arts institution had tried to offer programs for out-of-state students, but that the process was made more difficult by “State Authorization rules,” the federal requirement that colleges get approval from states where they enroll students online.

The rules cost the college time a...


          A Simple Class System in Gazelle   
simple-class-system-gazelle

Today we'll implement/tour the simple class system that comes with Gazelle. This makes a good example to work with because it is simple but involves modules and macro programming, and it is, in fact, generally useful.

The implementation is in the hooves/class-utils module. If you want to follow along, setup your Gazelle implementation as described in a previous post. You can just look at the code that is in the repository at "scripts/hooves/class-utils.gazelle", or you can create your own version of the file and put it someplace else in the "scripts" hierarchy.

An Empty Module

We begin with an empty module:

(module
 (("hooves/hooves" :all))

)

Where we are importing all identifiers from the "hooves/hooves" module. Starting with the latest version of Gazelle, this module includes function definitions for all the javascript operators. It is somewhat expensive, in terms of compilation, to include a module, and you almost always want to use the operator functions and "hooves", which contains more basic utils, that I felt it was a good idea to just combine them.

Our class system is going to borrow liberally from that described by Kevin Lindsey here. The internet, as a collective organism, seems to think that Kevin's implementation is more or less the right one. So the first thing we can do is give credit where it is due, by adding the following to the empty module:

(module
 (("hooves/hooves" :all))

 (comment
  "A simple class system based on Kevin Lindsey's code:"
  "http://www.kevlindev.com/tutorials/javascript/inheritance/"))

The comment form will render its string values into Javascript comments, in case anyone looks at the js code directly.

Now, we could use Gazelle's include-js form to include Kevin's Javascript directly. We'd need to put it in a file next to the Gazelle code, and refer to it there, but let's port the implementation of the basic extend operation to Gazelle itself.

Extend

(module
 (("hooves/hooves" :all))

 (comment
  "A simple class system based on Kevin Lindsey's code:"
  "http://www.kevlindev.com/tutorials/javascript/inheritance/"))

 (define+ (extend sub-class base-class)
   (comment "extend sub-class base-class: "
            "Where both sub-class and base-class are constructors, extend"
            "contrives that sub-class will be a sub class of base-class, "
            "able to access its methods and values.")
   (var inheritance (lambda () undefined))
   (set! inheritance.prototype base-class.prototype)
   (set! sub-class.prototype (new inheritance))
   (set! sub-class.prototype.constructor sub-class)
   (set! sub-class.super-constructor base-class)
   (set! sub-class.super-class base-class.prototype))

Briefly, we are creating a stub-constructor in the variable inheritance, which we use create a clean prototype and constructor for instances of that class. We then ensure that the inheritance chain is set up appropriate for the stub. If you are interested in all the sordid details of why such an approach is needed in Javascript, read Kevin's tutorial. Javascript gives me a headache!

Recall that `define+` defines an external function to the module. We could basically stop here, since this basic solution gives you most of what you want. You can say things like:


(require
 (("hooves/hooves" :all)
  ("hooves/class-utils" :all)
  ("jquery/jquery" (:as $)))

 (console.log "Testing class system.")

 (define (Person first-name last-name)
   (set! this.first-name first-name)
   (set! this.last-name last-name))

 (define (Employee first-name last-name company)
   (Employee.super-constructor.call this first-name last-name)
   (set! this.company company))

 (extend Person Employee)

 (var emp (new Employee "Jane" "Doe" "IBM"))

 (console.log (+ "instanceof emp Person: ") (instanceof emp Person))
 (console.log (+ "instanceof emp Employee: ") (instanceof emp Employee)))

And you will indeed see that emp is an instance of both Person and Employee.

Riding the Gazelle

If this were Javascript, we'd pretty much be done. We could write a few functions to shuffle things around, but we'd basically be stuck with a few ugly things leftover. For instance, it sort of sucks that we have to invoke the super-constructor with call, and that we have to refer to the employee super-class directly, given that we are in the constructor for Employee and so it is implicit what super class we want.

Gazelle is lispy enough that we can "fix" this with a macro. What we'd like to do is give a single form which let's us evaluate the code describing the constructor of a new class in a context where some conveniences are available. The macro will need to introduce some bindings before the body of the new constructor is run.

Consider the following implementation:

 (define-macro+ define-class ((! (non-kw-symbol class-name)) 
                              super-class 
                              (tail constructor-lambda-forms))
   (let ((impl-name (gensym (symbol-name class-name)))
         (cons-args (gensym "cons-args"))
         (temp-args (gensym "temp-args"))
         (self-holder (gensym "self"))
         (super-class-val (gensym "super-class")))
     `(_newline-sequence
       (var ,impl-name (lambda ,@constructor-lambda-forms))
       (var ,super-class-val ,super-class)
       (define ,class-name 
        (lambda ((tail ,cons-args))
            (var ,self-holder this)
            (set! this.super-constructor
               (lambda ((tail ,temp-args))
                  (.. ,super-class-val (apply ,self-holder ,temp-args))))
            (set! this.super (.. ,super-class-val prototype))
            (.. ,impl-name (apply this ,cons-args))
            this))
       (.. (from "hooves/class-utils" extend) 
            (call null ,class-name ,super-class-val)))))

We define an external macro called define-class, which inserts a series of expressions separate by newlines into the compiled code. The first two are temporary variables which contain the implementation of the new class's constructor and the super-class, which might, after all, be an arbitrary expression in the macro expression. We want the value of that expression to use in the rest of the expansion. We then use define to create the new class constructor. The constructor is just a shim: it captures the arguments passed to it, creates a self binding, and adds a binding to a function to this, under super-constructor that just passes its arguments to the super class constructor, with the appropriate this.

We also give this.super a binding to the superclass prototype, so that methods can easily invoke superclass methods. The only wrinkle here is that we use (from "hooves/utils" ...) to invoke the function extend from this module.

For good measure, let's write one more macro that helps us conveniently define sub-class methods.

The idea is similar to that above: we want a form which allows the user to define a method, and in the body of that method, we want (super-method arg1 ... argN) to refer to the superclass method of the same name.

Consider:

 (define-macro+ define-method (class method-name (tail lambda-part))
   (let ((class-value (gensym "class-value"))
         (super-method (gensym "super-method"))
         (args (gensym "args"))
         (explicit-this (gensym "explicit-this")))
     `(_newline-sequence
       (var ,class-value ,class)
       (var ,super-method
            (if (&& 
                     (defined? (.. ,class-value super-class))
                    (defined? (.. ,class-value super-class ,method-name)))
                (lambda ((tail ,args))
                  (.. (.. ,class-value super-class ,method-name)
                      (apply this ,args)))
              (lambda ((tail ,args))
                (_throw (+ 
                  "No superclass method "
                 ',method-name
                 " in class " ,class-value)))))
       (set! (.. ,class-value prototype ,method-name)
             (lambda ((tail ,args))
               (var ,explicit-this this)
               (var super-method 
                      (lambda ((tail ,args))
                            (.. ,super-method (apply ,explicit-this ,args))))
               (..
                (lambda ,@lambda-part) (apply this ,args)))))))

This macro pre-calculates the super method so that we don't waste time doing that on each invokation. The implementation throws an error if no super method exists and one is called, but it might be more appropriate to look up the method at call time in that case. In any case, there is a bit of misdirection as we set up the environment where the lambda will execute, but the upshot is that super-method invokes the super method.

Testing

We will adapt the main.gazelle that Gazelle ships with, and use the example.html file to test this code:

(comment "main.gazelle")
(require
 (("hooves/hooves" :all)
  ("hooves/class-utils" :all)
  ("jquery/jquery" (:as $)))

 (console.log "Testing class system.")

 (define-class Person Object (first-name last-name)
   (set! this.first-name first-name)
   (set! this.last-name last-name)
   this)

 (define-method Person to-string
   ()
   (+ "Don't shoot, I'm "
      this.first-name " "
      this.last-name "!"))

 (define-class Employee Person (first-name last-name company)
   (this.super-constructor first-name last-name)
   (set! this.company company)
   this)

 (define-method Employee to-string
   ()
   (+ (super-method) 
    "  Plus, I work for " 
       this.company 
       "."))

 (define (newline)
   (.. ($ "body") 
        (append ($ "<br>"))))

 (.. ($ "body") 
       (append "Hello World."))
 (newline)
 (.. ($ "body") 
       (append (+ "" 
        (new Person "James" "Cooper"))))
 (newline)
 (var card 
   (new Employee "Orson" "Card" "IBM"))
 (.. ($ "body") 
      (append (+ "" card)))
 (newline)
 (.. ($ "body") 
      (append (+ "instanceof card Person is " 
              (instanceof card Person))))
 (newline)
 (.. ($ "body") 
      (append (+ "instanceof card Employee is " 
              (instanceof card Employee)))))

When you run this, you should see strings appear in the browser window indicating that our inheritance hierarchy is in place and that we can invoke super methods by using super-method.

That's all folks!


          Politically Correct Motion Picture Ratings   
MPAA film rating system updated for an era of polarization and the politically correct. G – General Audiences. All politics accepted. Nothing too offensive to conservatives or liberals. Lassie may come home. Miracles may occur on 34th Street. Language no saltier than “damn,” “coccyx” and “tushie.” Examples: The Little Mermaid; Mary Poppins; King Kong PG [more...]
          Liberals Planning No Cutback In War Spending Anytime Soon   
News Item...
          Sean Waltman Describes The Scene Backstage At RAW Following LaMelo Ball’s Racially Sensitive Comments   

sean waltman x-pac

WrestleZone proudly presented the latest episode of our signature daily pro wrestling news podcast, WZ Daily earlier today. It features former WWE/WCW/NWO Superstar Sean “X-Pac” Waltman as the co-host. Today’s episode also features an exclusive interview with one of the most talked about independent pro wrestlers in the world at the moment, “The Progressive Liberal” Daniel Richards. Waltman was […]

The post Sean Waltman Describes The Scene Backstage At RAW Following LaMelo Ball’s Racially Sensitive Comments appeared first on Wrestlezone.


          The Acts of The Ape-ostles   

The Chapel of Saint Paraffino has a guest speaker. While preparing to regale the congregation with his annual round up of the year, and scanning his extensive notes, the priest has succumbed to a fit of the vapours. Passionate Chimp, on a visit to family members more observant than himself, has agreed to step in, his suspicion of creationism outweighed by a fundamental decency and a constant urge to show off. He does not realise that he's about to find out whence cometh his name...

Passionate-Banner

On one side of the pulpit sits a litany of sadness and regret, on the other an illuminated manuscript of delight and success. As he declaims them to the gathering, he feels a growing sense of absurdity, that the breathless onslaught of surprise, shock and dismay has made it difficult to tell good from bad, major from minor, shit from shoeshine. Eventually he alights upon an improbability so stunning that his composure dissolves entirely. And it's listed in both of the texts...

L.City

With a howl of anguish, he tears up the scripts and hurls the shreds of paper into the blinding light of the clerestory windows, a fluttering kaleidoscope of sensory disintegration. The congregation rise and fill their pockets with the fragmented memories as they descend, a pick and mix of celebration, loss and wince-worthy reminder.

Passionate Chimp slumps over the lectern, deep in thought. He hasn't had a bad year, if he takes away the things he could do nothing about. Leicester City notwithstanding, there was plenty of good sport, a decent summer, front row seats at a concert by his hero. Who knows, maybe it's time to break out the communion wine. But dear God, not that one. Or that. And especially not...He shudders and makes a phone call, a quick prayer to Bacchus for which he imagines the Lord will forgive him.

Chimp-Banner

Five minutes later his fellow disciples of Dionysus arrive in an encouragingly rattling van, and within moments the 12 Chimps of Christmas are spreading the gospel of celebration. Whether rejoicing at the end of one year or psalming the possibilities of the next, all are settling into each other's company with the liberal libations of Laurent-Perrier Non-Vintage, and Prosecco Ca'Rosa, and so much more besides. And Passionate Chimp smiles benignly upon the flock, asking himself a couple of questions. What do we really have if we don't have each other? Should we not first and foremost keep an eye on one another, whatever the tidings? And the big one...

LP

...How am I going to get the church to pay for all this fizz? Yikes! They'd better be having a sale in January!

CaRosa

A happy and healthy New Year to all of you, and be sure to watch out for each other.


          NRA Wants You To Shoot Protesters, The Media, People Of Color, And Teachers! God Bless.   
The evil liberals are coming to get you, better give the NRA some money!
          BU’s Peter Berger Remembered as Outstanding Sociologist   
New York Times conservative columnist David Brooks once confessed his debt to BU sociologist Peter Berger, “whose writing I’ve longed mimicked, copied, and stolen from.” Across the divide, liberal Washington Post columnist E. J. Dionne quoted the Lutheran Berger as a wise exemplar of religious belief that rejected both fanaticism and relativist dismissals of faith. […]
          Appalachian Wrestling's Greatest Villain: 'The Progressive Liberal'   
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COAAQ4ux2NU When Daniel Harnsberger leaves his home on the East Coast and drives into Appalachia, he usually packs a T-shirt covered in Hillary Clinton faces and spandex wrestling briefs that say "Progressive Liberal." That's his wrestling persona — and his costume. And most weekends, Harnsberger dons it to work in semipro regional circuits as a stereotypical coastal elite who trolls in Donald Trump country. (He sometimes also wears a shirt that says "Not My President.") He's wrestled for years — until recently, without the left-leaning political tilt — in conservative corners of Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia. It's a grind. These are small gigs, often in high school gyms or on county fairgrounds. On these regional circuits, wrestlers often schedule a match at a time. "I was wrestling for $5 and a hot dog and a soda," Harnsberger tells NPR's Steve Inskeep. "There were times I didn't get paid at all." But two years ago — just after Donald Trump
          Хорошая новость о наших либералах. Очень хорошая   
Хорошая новость о наших либералах. Очень хорошая


Я вам скажу одну хорошую новость про демшизу.

Очень хорошую новость.

Каждый раз, когда мы слушаем их разговоры про «генетическое рабство русского народа», про то, что «Россия должна просить прощения у цивилизованного мира», что «министром иностранных дел Канады назначили украинку — ух, она вам покажет», что «в Киеве каштаны, а в Москве больно и стыдно», и про Гаагский трибунал, и про люстрацию, и еще раз про покаяние, и про репарации всем достойным народам, и опять про генетику, ну куда без генетики-то приличному человеку, — помните главное.

Они уезжают.

Они постоянно — год за годом, десятилетие за десятилетием, — эмигрируют.

Их сообщество внутри страны сокращается — и поколенчески уже не воспроизводится не то что в объеме 1927-го, но и 1977-го, и 1987 года.

Из десяти приличных людей 1987 года — через тридцать лет в России осталось максимум пять.

Бывшие общины окраин Российской империи, пройдя через миграцию в большие советские города как промежуточный исторический этап, — едут дальше.

А плюс к тому — и много новых государств у них появилось за все эти годы.

Загляните, если не лень, в лайки к любому из очень популярных лидеров демшизы — и вы увидите там не меньше 50% аплодисментов от людей, которые уже давно здесь не живут.

Конечно, кое-кто остается.

Но процесс идет — и я уверен, что уже в 2020-е мы увидим новое поколение либералов, которое, несомненно, не будет таким уж сладким и пушистым, но в нем не останется уже этой специфической ненависти, этой жестоковыйной, бешеной злобы, которую знает каждый, кто сталкивался с классической демшизой.

Будут обычные русские ребята полиберальнее прочих.

А уж если Путин просидит до 2024 года — есть шанс еще на тысячи разочарованных выездов в свободный мир, и чаще всего без обратного билета.

Так что не все так плохо.

Эмиграция из России всех этих милых людей — спасет Россию.

Дмитрий Ольшанский, patriot-su-rf.ru
          Legislature's Failure to Act on Budget Forces Governor to Prepare Civil Preparedness Emergency Order   
For Immediate Release: Thursday, June 29, 2017 Contact: Adrienne Bennett, Press Secretary, 207-287-2531

AUGUSTA - Governor Paul R. LePage is prepared to issue a Civil Preparedness Emergency Order as a result of the State of Maine Legislature's failure to deliver a budget by the end of the fiscal year, which would prevent a government shutdown.

"The Legislature has had six months to address the budget I sent to them. Now we are in the eleventh hour and liberal Democrats have still refused to budge, which will lead to a government shutdown," said Governor LePage. "These Democrats are not interested in a budget that benefits hard-working Maine taxpayers. They are being controlled by labor union bosses and radical activists at the Maine People's Alliance."

Preparing for the likelihood and severity of government shutdown, Governor LePage last week directed commissioners of every department, as well as the Treasurer, Secretary of State, State Auditor and Attorney General, to determine which employees will work and which services are provided during the duration of a Declaration of Civil Emergency.

"The Executive Branch and the Judiciary are making plans and taking every precaution to ensure there is minimal impact on Mainers during a government shutdown," said the Governor. "However, the Legislature is not working with the Executive Branch and does not appear to be making any preparations."

While Governor LePage continues to review designations of emergency personnel on a case-by-case basis, he has already designated the following functions as emergency. Commissioners have taken planning steps to ensure that the following functions continue during a potential state shutdown to provide for the health and safety of the public and protection of state property, including revenues:

DOC: All correctional facilities

DHHS: Psychiatric hospitals (DDPC and Riverview)

Law enforcement / First responders, including: • DPS: State Police, Capitol Police, MDEA and Fire Marshal • IF&W: Warden Service • DMR: Marine Patrol • ACF: Forest Protection (on-call basis)

State Parks, including: • ACF: All State Parks • Baxter State Park • IF&W: Maine Wildlife Park, Swan Island

DAFS / Maine Revenue Services

OIT: limited operations to support emergency functions and protect infrastructure, with on-call support, as needed

All other requests that commissioners have submitted to the Office of the Governor will continue to be reviewed.

If a Declaration of Civil Emergency is issued, the Order will become effective at 12:01 a.m. on July 1, 2017, and remain in effect until the state of emergency is terminated by Executive Proclamation, or until 12:00 a.m. on July 3, 2017, whichever is earlier.

If the state of emergency still exists by 12:00 a.m. on July 3, 2017, the Order will be reviewed and revised accordingly.
          Comment on Budget war ‘compromises’ don’t address underlying fiscal crisis by me   
2 comments. Is that how may people actually read this paper? No, because if it were about police brutality, or one of Trumps tweets there'd be hundreds of comments. It's because this crisis is a testament to what happens when liberals go unchecked for 4+ decades and they know it's indefensible, and shows how pathetic their "cause" can get.
          UNA FECHA COMO HOY NACIÓ UN HISTÓRICO ANCASHINO   
29 DE JUNIO: NACE PEDRO PABLO ATUSPARIA

Pedro Pablo Atusparia nació en Marian, Huaraz, el 29 de junio de 1840. Fue hijo de Cayetano Atusparia y Melchora Ángeles. Cuando estuvo por cumplir los 15 años, Pedro Pablo fue llevado a Huaraz por su padre, a la casa de su padrino don Manuel Alzamora. Este señor, tenía un negocio de tintorería. El joven muy pronto aprendió el oficio de la tintorería, labor en la que se hizo diestro. Atusparia en casa de su padrino escuchaba las largas conversaciones que él sostenía con su grupo de amigos de ideas liberales y así poco a poco iba aprendiendo el significado de términos como "justicia", "libertad", "igualdad”, "derechos", "paz", etc., que luego aplicaría muy bien en su vida.

Atusparia conoce a María Fernanda Yauri con quien se casa en 1869. El matrimonio llegó a tener 3 hijos: La mayor se llamaría Flora, el segundo Manuel Ceferino y la tercera hija se llamó Visitación. En 1880, Atusparia llegó a ser elegido subdelegado de Marian, pues se había ganado fama de ser una persona seria y responsable.

Apenas fue elegido autoridad, Atusparia tuvo que trabajar muy fuerte para hacer respetar los derechos de sus hermanos. Por todo ello, fue detenido y encarcelado, Atusparia declaró ante el juez que si se metía en problemas era porque defendía a su gente de los abusos y atropellos. En señal de respeto la gente lo llamaba “maestro” y él se dejó crecer la trenza, que era una señal de autoridad en el pueblo andino.

En el año de 1884, Atusparia acudió a la elección de las nuevas autoridades, allí fue elegido Alcalde. Apenas asumió el mando como autoridad, tuvo que poner toda su voluntad para tratar de aliviar el sufrimiento de sus hermanos del campo. Comprendió que él debía realizar acciones directas para poder ser escuchado. Así fue planificando una insurrección para reivindicar a su pueblo.

La principal causa de la revolución Campesina de 1885 fue la postergación en que se encontraba el campesinado. En el virreinato, se respetaban los terrenos que eran propiedad de las comunidades campesinas, pero en la República hasta ese derecho se les retiro.
Protestando contra el pago de la contribución personal, los alcaldes campesinos, que ya estaban encabezados por el Alcalde Pedro Pablo Atusparia, le entregaron una petición, un memorial, al señor Prefecto del Departamento de Ancash, el Coronel Francisco Noriega. De manera prepotente, el Prefecto ordenó al Gobernador, de apellido Collazos, detenga a los alcaldes y les obligue a denunciar al “mishti” que había redactado el memorial.

Atusparia fue sometido al tormento de recibir 200 azotes y pese a ello mantuvo el secreto. Completando a la afrenta, le cortaron las trenzas que como ya sabemos, era un símbolo de autoridad entre los campesinos desde los tiempos antiguos. Este abuso cometido el 1 de marzo de 1885 fue la gota que colmó la paciencia de la gente del campo. El 2 de marzo atacaron la ciudad, siendo rechazados tras cinco horas de lucha. El 3 de marzo, mejor organizados, atacaron desde los cuatro ingresos de la ciudad: Calicanto al oeste, Tacllán al sur, Virgepampa (hoy Centenario) al norte y Auqui, al lado este. La ciudad estaba defendida por cien soldados del batallón del ejército “Artesanos”, 120 de la Guardia Urbana y 72 soldados de Caballería. Los campesinos al final vencieron. Ese día murieron 180 soldados y por lo menos unos dos mil campesinos.

El 15 de marzo Carhuás cayó en poder de los sublevados. Allí surgió otro líder: Pedro Celestino Cochachin, más conocido como “Uchcu Pedro” hombre experimentado en el arte de las armas, pues en la Guerra con Chile, dirigió una columna guerrillera. El 4 de abril fue tomado Yungay luego de una ráfaga con la Guardia Urbana. Ante esto, Carás se rindió el día 6. Atusparia impuso autoridad e impidió que se saquee la ciudad. Dueñas del Callejón de Huaylas, los campesinos comenzaron a repartirse las tierras. Este hecho dio motivo a la desesperación de los “mishtis”, quienes en secreto pidieron a Lima la pronta intervención del ejército para acabar con la insurrección. “Uchcu Pedro” sabía que desde Casma subirían las tropas para enfrentar a las fuerzas revolucionarias, por ello con lo mejor de sus tropas ocupó todos los pasos de la Cordillera Negra. Esta táctica le permitió derrotar a tres batallones del ejército que intentaron cruzar la Cordillera Negra. Pero una cuarta expedición compuesta de 700 soldados llegó a Yungay el 20 de abril, pasando por Quillo. Traían dos cañones, armamento moderno y varias ametralladoras.

Las fuerzas campesinas reaccionaron atacando a la tropa los 25 y 26, pese a ello fueron derrotadas por falta de armas. El día 26 de abril, Pedro Pablo Atusparia salvó de morir, pero fue herido gravemente y ya no pudo continuar frente al comando de la insurrección. Las tropas campesinas retrocedieron hasta Huaraz para reagruparse, siendo atacados el 3 de mayo en plena procesión del Señor de la Soledad. Ese día la matanza fue terrible, eran palos y piedras contra fusiles, metralleta y bayonetas. Como Atusparia fue herido,”Uchcu Pedro” se hizo cargo de la dirección de la guerra. Bajo su mando, se atacó Huaraz desde la Cordillera Negra, el 11 de mayo. Fue la batalla de Huarupampea donde nuevamente son derrotados los campesinos. “Uchcu Pedro” mantuvo viva la esperanza de la revolución hasta el mes de setiembre en que fue traicionado y fusilado en Casma. Con su muerte recién termina este doloroso capítulo de la heroica gesta del pueblo andino. Atusparia ordenó que en señal de duelo por tanta matanza, los campesinos pongan una cinta negra a sus sombreros, costumbre que aún se usa en nuestra tierra.

A Pedro Pablo Atusparia lo había condenado a morir el nuevo Prefecto, el Coronel Iraola. Pero toda la ciudad en Huaraz se levantó impidiendo que se cumpla esa orden. Cuando se recuperó de sus heridas a fines de 1885, Atusparia volvió a sus labores habituales convencido de que la lucha que había iniciado debería continuar por otros medios.

Es así, que al año siguiente viaja a Lima aprovechando el cambio de gobierno, pues había dejado el poder Miguel Iglesias, derrocado por el General Andrés Avelino Cáceres.

En junio de 1886, se entrevista con el Presidente Cáceres, con quien sostuvo el siguiente diálogo:

- Dime Atusparia. ¿Por qué frente a los chilenos sólo fueron pequeños grupos de guerrilleros y cuando les cortan las trenzas a sus alcaldes, se levantan por miles?

- Es que no es culpa de mis hermanos no amar a una tierra que no nos pertenece… Nadie, nos enseñó lo que es amar a la patria. Muchos de nosotros pensábamos que la guerra era la pelea del “general Chile” en contra del “general Perú”.

- Tienes razón, Atusparia. La culpa es nuestra por no haber hecho de ustedes, los campesinos, unos peruanos a carta cabal…

-Replicó con profunda tristeza el presidente.

En esa visita, Atusparia pudo conseguir sabiamente que el gobierno no se comprometa a atender las principales necesidades de su pueblo.

Al regresar a Huaraz, Atusparia se refugió en Marian, estaba muy enfermo. La mañana del 25 de agosto de 1887, Pedro Pablo Atusparia falleció a causa de una infección intestinal. No murió envenenado, como aseguran algunas novelas de moda. A su entierro acudió toda la ciudad.

Iniciando el Siglo XXI, lo que rescatamos de Atusparia es que el movimiento que él inició sólo se compara al gran levantamiento de Túpac Amaru II.

Atusparia se adelantó a su tiempo: 25 años antes de la Revolución Mexicana, aquí se hizo una revolución campesina; 32 años antes de la revolución Bolchevique en Rusia, aquí se peleó con un doble mando, el político (Atusparia) y el militar (“Uchcu Pedro”). 85 años antes de la reforma agraria, aquí se repartió la tierra y se luchó en defensa de los derechos del campesino. Ésta es la mejor herencia que podemos recibir de este gran ancashino.

¡Sintamos orgullo por él...!!!

La imagen puede contener: 1 persona, sombrero

Artículo, escrito y publicado por: Winston Guillen Giraldo


          June 29, 2017: What to Know   
Gains for the Idaho economy, "The Progressive Liberal" steps into the ring and hints at a new timetable for the Senate healthcare bill. Following the delay of a vote on a controversial Senate healthcare bill, sources close to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Kentucky) told ABC News he wants a revised version of the bill in the hands of his colleagues by Friday, June 30, before they head home for the Fourth of July recess.…
          The Distributional Consequences of Preferential Trade Liberalization: Firm-Level Evidence - Conférence du CEPCI   
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          Madame de Sade   
Original title: Madamu Sado: Mesu jigoku 
Japan, 1986
Director: Yoshihiro Kawasaki
Stars: Machiko Wachi, Kazuyo Ezaki, Isshiki Hikaru
IMDB: 6.8

In the 1980s, Nikkatsu produced a bunch of S&M themed Roman Pornos with distinctive airbrush-style promotional posters such as the one shown at right. Naturally one wonders what kinky delights await the intrepid viewer of such material, so I set out to track one down.

Turned out to be no easy task. Madame de Sade, also known as Madame Sado: She Beast in Hell, has not as far as I can tell ever been released outside of Japan. Yeah I know, probably with good reason right? Well, thanks to dedicated amateur aficianados, this masterpiece of cinematic perversion has been resurrected - and subtitles produced - to allow the film to live on and find a new audience worldwide (if you know where to look, that is).

OK, so my liberal employment of the word 'masterpiece' is admittedly playing fast and loose with the Queen's English, and you'd be completely justified in raising an inquisitive eyebrow. I take it back.

So what's it all about? Well hey, it's porno - usually the story would be little more than a flimsy scaffold to support the sexual vignettes, and of no significance whatsoever. Luckily, we're in Roman Porno territory here, a cut above, so actually there IS a story. There's even characterisation, machinations, revelations, and all that other filmic stuff. (In addition to the domination, flagellation, strangulation, fornication, urination, masturbation, etc).

* Note: While Roman Porno is erotic, and contains the word porno, it is definitely not PORN as we would define it in the West. For a start there are absolutely no genitals shown - and along with a reasonable cinematic quality, ensures it belongs more in the genre of Erotica.


The film starts by introducing us to Reiko (Machiko Wachi) as she is jilted at the altar - her fiancee Ryoichi not only failing to appear, but going completely missing. Although she doesn't know it yet, his ex Yumi (Kazuyo Ezaki), in a fit of jealousy has him chained up in her attic, refusing to let him go. Even dressing as a bride to complete her fantasy.

Not only that, as the title implies, she's a bit of a sadistic bitch - dispensing humiliations and degradations on Ryoichi with the aim of forcing him to completely forget his fiancee and become her obedient dog. Hell hath no fury... and all that.


Anyway, months later it seems Reiko has given up on Ryoichi ever returning, and has developed something of a carnal itch. Coincidentally, and rather incestuously, a convenient substitute is on hand in the form of Ryoichi's younger brother Shinji, who works with her in her jewellery business and seems more than a little interested.

Inviting him to a home-cooked dinner after work, soon enough they crack a bottle of wine together and flirt, only to be interrupted by Shinji's girlfriend Midori (Isshiki Hikaru) who has no intention of leaving him alone with Reiko. After all, he's a bit of a dweeb - and Reiko's a certified sex bomb.


After Shinji leaves, Reiko is not only drunk, but moist too. Left with nothing but a half eaten dinner, the dinner table, and an empty wine bottle - what's a poor girl to do?

Get creative! In a completely gratuitous, undeniably redundant, but neverthless astonishing turn of events, she scoops up an unidentified white substance from her plate and lathers it lasciviously over her bright red lips, spilling it all over her chin in what I can only assume is some kind of Freudian metaphor. But that's not all ! After whipping her top off, she spreads the food messily over the rest of her body, before discovering that the table leg is seductively hard, and proceeds to grind up against it.


It's a pretty sexy scene - but that's still not all! Remember the wine bottle? Well in the interest of good taste, I'll leave that to your imagination!

What am I saying? We're no purveyors of good taste here at Twisted Flicks, especially concerning the good bits. Yes, I can confirm that she proceeds to enjoy a rather intimate, extended, and gratifying sexual liaison with the wine bottle - sometimes in close-up, and almost certainly without the benefit of CGI.

I say "almost certainly", because this of course could never be decisively ascertained due to the standard optical censorship that Japan requires by law to cover all genital areas in their films. Consequently this scene, and many others, are blurred by a large foggy patch over the relevant areas which is of no small detriment to the film. Don't get me wrong though, the scene is still hot as hell.


Anyway, Shinji is not going to be denied some of that action, and promptly breaks up with Midori in order to fuck and fall in love with Reiko. Bizarrely, it turns out that Midori works for Yumi (you know, the bitch that has imprisoned Ryoichi?), and has told her about the situation. So Yumi suggests that Reiko and Shinji visit her and Midori to try to find an amicable solution.

But Yumi has an ulterior motive.

Without going into detail - all our main characters (who are all convolutedly related to each other in various ways) end up in Yumi's house together, including Ryoichi of course in the attic. Yumi and Reiko battle it out in a tale of revenge, passion, treachery, and outright debauchery.

By the end of the night, pretty much everyone has fucked everyone else, and in a wide variety of configurations. The imagination involved in cramming so many perversions into one movie is breath-taking, and actually pretty impressive, even if it doesn't always make perfect sense


Interestingly, it is the MEN who are the unwitting pawns of these two powerful women, which makes for an interesting reversal.

For a film containing such highly sexual ideas and situations (of which I've described only a small portion, trust me!) - the story, acting and cinematography is of a remarkably high order. For those who enjoy some titillation in their movies, but cannot put up with the cinematic dross so often exemplified by most adult entertainment, I can most certainly recommend.

Also, and importantly for this type of film, Machiko Wachi is a stone-cold knockout. She not only looks fabulous, but is given plenty of opportunity to show her acting chops as well.

Rating: 7/10


More Screenshots


          I was publicly trolled for being non-binary. Here's what happened.   

TW: transphobia, bullying, suicide

My name is C Mandler. I am non-binary and transgender. My pronouns are they/them/theirs and as I’ve said before and will proudly say again: my pronouns are non negotiable. Some people have a problem with that... and are sending my transgender friends and me messages of hatred and threats of physical violence because of it. I ask that you read my story...

Recently, I was approached by Seventeen to participate in a video series showcasing the diverse range of identities of LGBTQ youth. I was honored to have an opportunity to speak up for the community that means the world to me. I was proud that a mainstream media outlet like Seventeen was profiling LGBTQ youth like me and my fellow GLAAD Campus Ambassadors.

Seventeen tells the stories of young people like Gavin Grimm, the trans student and national hero who sued his school district for the right to use a bathroom concurrent with his gender identity; like Jazz Jennings, star of I Am Jazz, which gives a candid and beautiful look into the life of a trans girl and her family in Florida; and Kenneth Weishuhn and Jadin Bell, who committed suicide within a year of one another after each grappling with serious bullying rooted in their openly gay sexual identities.

Seventeen’s commitment to inclusive storytelling is part of a larger movement of major media outlets showcasing the experiences of queer youth. The videos Seventeen released cover a variety of topics, including coming out, advice to teens, what pride month means to us, and most recently, a video discussing the lived experiences of four non-binary identified GLAAD Campus Ambassadors. When the video was released, the Campus Ambassadors and I were so excited to have an opportunity to better inform viewers about the gender spectrum, common misconceptions about non-binary and transgender identities, and the ability to explore gender identity through finding identifiable pronouns. Check out the video below:

I think it is easy to forget how much animosity towards LGBTQ people there is when people like me attend progressive schools, and have amazing networks of friends and family, chosen and given, to support us in our journey to not only figure out who we are, but also make sure others feel safe and comfortable in their respective quests to do the same.

At my small liberal arts college in upstate New York, professors have sent kind and validating emails of apology after misgendering me in class; friends who understand that though C isn’t my legal name yet, it is my name. I am lucky to have such an unfathomable amount of love in my life, but even this love doesn’t protect from the sometimes harmful nature of the Internet.

When I woke up on Tuesday, there were 200 comments on the Seventeen video, entitled “Trans Students Explain Why Pronouns Are Important.” Below is a sampling of the top comments featured on the post:

Since then, Seventeen and their amazing digital team have been monitoring the comments to rid the video of the hateful vitriol that clearly violates their community standards. However, I woke up this morning to over 3,000 comments on the video. While some were supportive, most looked like this:

The video was also shared over 3,300 times, with some adding their own  commentary that even included threats of physical violence:

Many of these comments are ignorant and straight up false, but the problem is that this harmful rhetoric isn’t merely Internet nonsense. In a world where LGBTQ youth are at higher risk of mental health issues, sexual assault, violence, and suicide, these sorts of comments translate into real life violence.

2016 was the deadliest year on record for transgender people and these rates are only continuing to climb. Fourteen transgender women of color have been killed in the U.S. this year, with the most recent victim, 17-year old Ava Le’Ray Barrin, having been killed earlier this week. Knowing that remaining closeted as transgender is too often a mechanism for survival, these statistics are conservative and only include women who are publicly out as transgender.

I am willing and able to be visible and take Internet hate if it means that a young non-binary trans kid growing up closeted knows that someone is fighting for them, but not everyone can stomach the kinds of awful bigotry being spewed in the world - and they shouldn’t have to.

According to the Trevor Project, the leading national organization providing crisis intervention and suicide prevention services for LGBTQ youth, suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people aged 10-24. Additionally, the rate of suicide attempts is four times higher for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth than straight youth. 40% of trans adults have also reported attempting suicide, with 92% of these individuals having attempted before the age of 25.

The type of cyberbullying seen in the comments of the Seventeen video is happening is too prevalent and visible on the Internet to properly contain and can be deadly for some LGBTQ youth.

I know a lot of people who watched that video and even some people reading this post will say ‘it’s not that serious,’ or ‘they’re just stupid video comments.’ But it is critical for all people to know that sometimes, inaccurate, rude comments aren’t just comments. They are expressions of hatred that further the agendas of those who assault and murder trans youth. They are ignorant statements that make millions of LGBTQ kids feel so unloved in a society they don’t think will ever accept them.

GLAAD is asking the next time you see this kind of hate online, stand up for those directly affected by it. You can go to our video posted on Seventeen's page and add your message of kindness. The few comments on the video that were supportive and encouraging were such small acts of support that made me and my fellow GLAAD Campus Ambassadors feel better in the face of so much hate.

Offer yourself as an ear to LGBTQ youth who are struggling to assert their gender and sexuality in such a contentious political era. Love the queer and trans people in your life because everything else aside, it keeps us alive.

To all those who are struggling: we see you and we love you. You are strong and powerful and beautiful. We are here for you - we are here with you and we will never stop fighting for you.
 

June 29, 2017
Issues: 

          Comment on Republican Senate restores spending in NASA budget by Cotour   
Related because its about government spending, and government spending is about taxation: I got into a political "discussion" with a lady friend the other day (Read: Loud head to head head butting that ended with a nice hug :) Her big issues? Trump and the "RICH" have too much money and her taxes are too high, and Trump is going to become Hitler! (What ?) I wrote a private little poem for her that preceded this piece but thought it not appropriate to share. "On another subject: 51.6 percent of all taxes collected by the government are from just 2.7 percent of the population, the "RICH". The rest of the taxes collected, 49.4 percent, come from the remaining 97.3 percent of the population. (2.7 % of the population the “Rich” pay 51.6 percent of all the taxes in the country, as per PEW) If you are interested in lowering your taxes there needs to be less government confiscation of it. So if you are FOR, among many other things, universal healthcare (Read: Welfare / healthcare is not a right but a service that must be paid for. Everyone should have it but someone must pay for it), open borders and illegal immigrants being supported by our social welfare systems, a culture of dependency created by political party’s in order to ensure a dedicated voting block to keep them in power, then you are insisting on higher and higher taxation. That is the Liberal / Democrat model. The Republicans have their own issues that create higher taxation. (Both party’s are by nature corrupt) Government, any government, is from its inception a corrupt and perverted operation, that is what was well understood by the Founders of America. All government can be is corrupt, the only question is to what degree. Your personal dislike of Trump is understandable, he seems to be a bore, but his kind of unique personality and skill set is perfect for Washington and its kind of corruption. He is sooo disruptive to the everyday perverted and corrupt business that goes on in Washington that in the long term he will IMO prove a net positive. What is the by design institutional counter balance to any president? The Constitution. Any president can not just do as they please, there are counter balances in the form of the Congress and the courts. Trump is no Hitler, could never become a Hitler. That is a false political narrative. Why? Because the Founders of America understood the nature of man and the nature of man as it relates to governance / government and power. And they designed mechanisms to limit the power of any and all presidents. So instead of spending time worrying about who has how much or too much $$, it might be a better idea to figure out who is spending all the money, your tax money, and limit how they can spend it. NO?"
          And Then They Came For Me - Lasantha Wickrematunge's last editorial before being assassinated   
Lasantha Wickrematunge was the Editor of Sri Lanka's The Sunday Leader. He was assassinated a few days ago.

This is an Editorial he wrote before he was gunned down,
And Then They Came For Me
Lasantha Wickrematunge
Editorial, The Sunday Leader
Published 11 Jan 2009


No other profession calls on its practitioners to lay down their lives for their art save the armed forces and, in Sri Lanka, journalism. In the course of the past few years, the independent media have increasingly come under attack. Electronic and print-media institutions have been burnt, bombed, sealed and coerced. Countless journalists have been harassed, threatened and killed. It has been my honour to belong to all those categories and now especially the last.

I have been in the business of journalism a good long time. Indeed, 2009 will be The Sunday Leader's 15th year. Many things have changed in Sri Lanka during that time, and it does not need me to tell you that the greater part of that change has been for the worse. We find ourselves in the midst of a civil war ruthlessly prosecuted by protagonists whose bloodlust knows no bounds. Terror, whether perpetrated by terrorists or the state, has become the order of the day. Indeed, murder has become the primary tool whereby the state seeks to control the organs of liberty. Today it is the journalists, tomorrow it will be the judges. For neither group have the risks ever been higher or the stakes lower.

Why then do we do it? I often wonder that. After all, I too am a husband, and the father of three wonderful children. I too have responsibilities and obligations that transcend my profession, be it the law or journalism. Is it worth the risk? Many people tell me it is not. Friends tell me to revert to the bar, and goodness knows it offers a better and safer livelihood. Others, including political leaders on both sides, have at various times sought to induce me to take to politics, going so far as to offer me ministries of my choice. Diplomats, recognising the risk journalists face in Sri Lanka, have offered me safe passage and the right of residence in their countries. Whatever else I may have been stuck for, I have not been stuck for choice.

But there is a calling that is yet above high office, fame, lucre and security. It is the call of conscience.

The Sunday Leader has been a controversial newspaper because we say it like we see it: whether it be a spade, a thief or a murderer, we call it by that name. We do not hide behind euphemism. The investigative articles we print are supported by documentary evidence thanks to the public-spiritedness of citizens who at great risk to themselves pass on this material to us. We have exposed scandal after scandal, and never once in these 15 years has anyone proved us wrong or successfully prosecuted us.

The free media serve as a mirror in which the public can see itself sans mascara and styling gel. From us you learn the state of your nation, and especially its management by the people you elected to give your children a better future. Sometimes the image you see in that mirror is not a pleasant one. But while you may grumble in the privacy of your armchair, the journalists who hold the mirror up to you do so publicly and at great risk to themselves. That is our calling, and we do not shirk it.

Every newspaper has its angle, and we do not hide the fact that we have ours. Our commitment is to see Sri Lanka as a transparent, secular, liberal democracy. Think about those words, for they each has profound meaning. Transparent because government must be openly accountable to the people and never abuse their trust. Secular because in a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society such as ours, secularism offers the only common ground by which we might all be united. Liberal because we recognise that all human beings are created different, and we need to accept others for what they are and not what we would like them to be. And democratic... well, if you need me to explain why that is important, you'd best stop buying this paper.

The Sunday Leader has never sought safety by unquestioningly articulating the majority view. Let's face it, that is the way to sell newspapers. On the contrary, as our opinion pieces over the years amply demonstrate, we often voice ideas that many people find distasteful. For example, we have consistently espoused the view that while separatist terrorism must be eradicated, it is more important to address the root causes of terrorism, and urged government to view Sri Lanka's ethnic strife in the context of history and not through the telescope of terrorism. We have also agitated against state terrorism in the so-called war against terror, and made no secret of our horror that Sri Lanka is the only country in the world routinely to bomb its own citizens. For these views we have been labelled traitors, and if this be treachery, we wear that label proudly.

Many people suspect that The Sunday Leader has a political agenda: it does not. If we appear more critical of the government than of the opposition it is only because we believe that - pray excuse cricketing argot - there is no point in bowling to the fielding side. Remember that for the few years of our existence in which the UNP was in office, we proved to be the biggest thorn in its flesh, exposing excess and corruption wherever it occurred. Indeed, the steady stream of embarrassing expos‚s we published may well have served to precipitate the downfall of that government.

Neither should our distaste for the war be interpreted to mean that we support the Tigers. The LTTE are among the most ruthless and bloodthirsty organisations ever to have infested the planet. There is no gainsaying that it must be eradicated. But to do so by violating the rights of Tamil citizens, bombing and shooting them mercilessly, is not only wrong but shames the Sinhalese, whose claim to be custodians of the dhamma is forever called into question by this savagery, much of which is unknown to the public because of censorship.

What is more, a military occupation of the country's north and east will require the Tamil people of those regions to live eternally as second-class citizens, deprived of all self respect. Do not imagine that you can placate them by showering "development" and "reconstruction" on them in the post-war era. The wounds of war will scar them forever, and you will also have an even more bitter and hateful Diaspora to contend with. A problem amenable to a political solution will thus become a festering wound that will yield strife for all eternity. If I seem angry and frustrated, it is only because most of my countrymen - and all of the government - cannot see this writing so plainly on the wall.

It is well known that I was on two occasions brutally assaulted, while on another my house was sprayed with machine-gun fire. Despite the government's sanctimonious assurances, there was never a serious police inquiry into the perpetrators of these attacks, and the attackers were never apprehended. In all these cases, I have reason to believe the attacks were inspired by the government. When finally I am killed, it will be the government that kills me.

The irony in this is that, unknown to most of the public, Mahinda and I have been friends for more than a quarter century. Indeed, I suspect that I am one of the few people remaining who routinely addresses him by his first name and uses the familiar Sinhala address oya when talking to him. Although I do not attend the meetings he periodically holds for newspaper editors, hardly a month passes when we do not meet, privately or with a few close friends present, late at night at President's House. There we swap yarns, discuss politics and joke about the good old days. A few remarks to him would therefore be in order here.

Mahinda, when you finally fought your way to the SLFP presidential nomination in 2005, nowhere were you welcomed more warmly than in this column. Indeed, we broke with a decade of tradition by referring to you throughout by your first name. So well known were your commitments to human rights and liberal values that we ushered you in like a breath of fresh air. Then, through an act of folly, you got yourself involved in the Helping Hambantota scandal. It was after a lot of soul-searching that we broke the story, at the same time urging you to return the money. By the time you did so several weeks later, a great blow had been struck to your reputation. It is one you are still trying to live down.

You have told me yourself that you were not greedy for the presidency. You did not have to hanker after it: it fell into your lap. You have told me that your sons are your greatest joy, and that you love spending time with them, leaving your brothers to operate the machinery of state. Now, it is clear to all who will see that that machinery has operated so well that my sons and daughter do not themselves have a father.

In the wake of my death I know you will make all the usual sanctimonious noises and call upon the police to hold a swift and thorough inquiry. But like all the inquiries you have ordered in the past, nothing will come of this one, too. For truth be told, we both know who will be behind my death, but dare not call his name. Not just my life, but yours too, depends on it.

Sadly, for all the dreams you had for our country in your younger days, in just three years you have reduced it to rubble. In the name of patriotism you have trampled on human rights, nurtured unbridled corruption and squandered public money like no other President before you. Indeed, your conduct has been like a small child suddenly let loose in a toyshop. That analogy is perhaps inapt because no child could have caused so much blood to be spilled on this land as you have, or trampled on the rights of its citizens as you do. Although you are now so drunk with power that you cannot see it, you will come to regret your sons having so rich an inheritance of blood. It can only bring tragedy. As for me, it is with a clear conscience that I go to meet my Maker. I wish, when your time finally comes, you could do the same. I wish.

As for me, I have the satisfaction of knowing that I walked tall and bowed to no man. And I have not travelled this journey alone. Fellow journalists in other branches of the media walked with me: most of them are now dead, imprisoned without trial or exiled in far-off lands. Others walk in the shadow of death that your Presidency has cast on the freedoms for which you once fought so hard. You will never be allowed to forget that my death took place under your watch. As anguished as I know you will be, I also know that you will have no choice but to protect my killers: you will see to it that the guilty one is never convicted. You have no choice. I feel sorry for you, and Shiranthi will have a long time to spend on her knees when next she goes for Confession for it is not just her owns sins which she must confess, but those of her extended family that keeps you in office.

As for the readers of The Sunday Leader, what can I say but Thank You for supporting our mission. We have espoused unpopular causes, stood up for those too feeble to stand up for themselves, locked horns with the high and mighty so swollen with power that they have forgotten their roots, exposed corruption and the waste of your hard-earned tax rupees, and made sure that whatever the propaganda of the day, you were allowed to hear a contrary view. For this I - and my family - have now paid the price that I have long known I will one day have to pay. I am - and have always been - ready for that. I have done nothing to prevent this outcome: no security, no precautions. I want my murderer to know that I am not a coward like he is, hiding behind human shields while condemning thousands of innocents to death. What am I among so many? It has long been written that my life would be taken, and by whom. All that remains to be written is when.

That The Sunday Leader will continue fighting the good fight, too, is written. For I did not fight this fight alone. Many more of us have to be - and will be - killed before The Leader is laid to rest. I hope my assassination will be seen not as a defeat of freedom but an inspiration for those who survive to step up their efforts. Indeed, I hope that it will help galvanise forces that will usher in a new era of human liberty in our beloved motherland. I also hope it will open the eyes of your President to the fact that however many are slaughtered in the name of patriotism, the human spirit will endure and flourish. Not all the Rajapakses combined can kill that.

People often ask me why I take such risks and tell me it is a matter of time before I am bumped off. Of course I know that: it is inevitable. But if we do not speak out now, there will be no one left to speak for those who cannot, whether they be ethnic minorities, the disadvantaged or the persecuted. An example that has inspired me throughout my career in journalism has been that of the German theologian, Martin Niem”ller. In his youth he was an anti-Semite and an admirer of Hitler. As Nazism took hold in Germany, however, he saw Nazism for what it was: it was not just the Jews Hitler sought to extirpate, it was just about anyone with an alternate point of view. Niem”ller spoke out, and for his trouble was incarcerated in the Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps from 1937 to 1945, and very nearly executed. While incarcerated, Niem”ller wrote a poem that, from the first time I read it in my teenage years, stuck hauntingly in my mind:

First they came for the Jews

and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for the Communists

and I did not speak out because I was not a Communist.

Then they came for the trade unionists

and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist.

Then they came for me

and there was no one left to speak out for me.

If you remember nothing else, remember this: The Leader is there for you, be you Sinhalese, Tamil, Muslim, low-caste, homosexual, dissident or disabled. Its staff will fight on, unbowed and unafraid, with the courage to which you have become accustomed. Do not take that commitment for granted. Let there be no doubt that whatever sacrifices we journalists make, they are not made for our own glory or enrichment: they are made for you. Whether you deserve their sacrifice is another matter. As for me, God knows I tried.

          Tomboys. Yoga. What's next? Ramly Burgers?   
I just shook my head when i first heard about the ban on yoga by Malaysia's National Fatwa Council.

I was wondering, with tongue in cheek, maybe the famous Ramly Burger will be banned next for some reason or other. (Watch a video on how a Ramly Burger is made at the end of the two reports. I just love the burger!!!)
Islamic ruling bans Malaysia's Muslims from practising yoga
Ian MacKinnon, south-east Asia correspondent
The Guardian, Monday November 24 2008


First it was the insidious habit of young women wearing trousers. Now Malaysia's Muslims have been warned off the perils of practising yoga.

The country's leading Islamic council has issued an edict prohibiting people indulging in the exercise, fearing its Hindu roots could corrupt them.

The national fatwa council's latest decision again reflects a tilt toward an increasingly conservative strain of Islam in predominantly Muslim Malaysia. It is causing consternation among the country's other ethnic groups that make up a third of the 27-million population.

The fatwa, or decision, prompted sneering remarks from liberal commentators who urged people not to be cowed by the "robed and the turbaned" who made such rulings.

But Abdul Shukor Husim, the council's chairman, said: "We are of the view that yoga, which originates in Hinduism, combines a physical exercise, religious elements, chanting and worshipping for the purpose of achieving inner peace and ultimately to be at one with god. For us, yoga destroys a Muslim's faith. There are other ways to get exercise. You can go cycling, swimming and eat less fatty food."

The ruling comes after the council said young Muslim women who wore trousers risked becoming sexually active or "turning" to lesbianism. Gay sex is outlawed in Malaysia.

The government recently had to back away from a proposal to restrict women travelling abroad alone, after derision from women's activists across the country.

But it has banned the use of the word Allah by other religions. An influential Christian group claimed Bibles were also being seized at border entry points.

Of Malaysia's non-Muslim population, 25% are ethnic Chinese and 8% are ethnic Indian, mainly Hindu. The council's ruling does not apply to them and is not legally binding. But most of the country's Muslims heed the edicts out of deference.

Marina Mahathir, a prominent columnist and daughter of the former prime minister Mahathir Mohamad, wondered where it would all stop.

"What next? Gym? Most gyms have men and women together," she wrote on her blog. "Will that not be allowed any more? What endangers a society more ... corrupt citizens and leaders, or yoga practitioners and females who dress in a masculine fashion?" (Read Marina Mahathir's posts here and here)

Pas, PKR and ordinary Muslims criticise yoga ruling
By Shannon Teoh, The Malaysian Insider


KUALA LUMPUR, Nov 22 - Muslim opposition leaders want the National Fatwa Council to be more specific in its edict so that Muslims can decide what forms of yoga are permissible.

Pas research chief Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad told The Malaysian Insider that the council should not make a blanket ban but “lay down what is or is not permissible about yoga.”

“This allows a Muslim to be critical of their own faith and empower them to make judgments based on convictions.”

The Kuala Selangor MP added that if the intention of taking up yoga was for the well-being of the body, mind and spirit, then religion need not come into it.

“There is no need for this siege mentality where everything is viewed from the perspective of encroaching on Islam and attacking us,” he said, adding that if one wanted to stray from Islam, there were other ways besides yoga to do it.

PKR Youth’s chief strategist Yusmadi Yusoff also said that the council needed to be more specific with what forms of yoga it found objectionable as generalising the entire art under a ban was discriminatory and denied Muslims a choice of a healthy lifestyle.

“The form of yoga practised in Malaysia is simply a healthy exercise. If the fatwa is on the basis of religious rituals or inclinations, then it must be more specific and detail what parts exactly,” he said.

The Balik Pulau MP also noted that other martial arts, including those in Malay culture, had religious inclination but were not banned outright and doing so, as with yoga, would sacrifice a lot of benefits as a physical and mental form of exercise.

The National Fatwa Council, the country’s top Islamic body, today ruled against Muslims practising yoga, saying it has elements of other religions that could corrupt Muslims as it includes Hindu spiritual elements of chanting and worship.

Though the council’s decisions are not legally binding on Malaysia’s Muslim population, many abide by the edicts out of deference, and the council does have the authority to ostracise an offending Muslim from society.

This has come after it recently banned Muslim women from “tomboy” behavior, ruling that girls who act like boys violate the tenets of Islam. The majority of yoga practitioners in Malaysia are female.

Both Dzulkefly and Yusmadi, however, believe that the fatwas did not reflect gender discrimination against female Muslims as claimed by women’s group Sisters in Islam.

Dzulkefly said that it was wrong in principle for women to behave like men or men to behave like women and the earlier fatwa presented a set of guidelines rather than a ban on an entire artform.

Sisters in Islam programme manager Norhayati Kaprawi also came out strongly against the fatwa, calling it the latest in a regressive trend for the country’s multiculturalism.

“There has been no report or complaint of any practitioner converting to Hinduism or that yoga has caused a Muslim’s faith to weaken,” she added.

The spokesperson for the Muslim women’s group said that many Muslims have been practising yoga for decades but no one has seen it as a religious matter up to now.

She said that there was no need to be suspicious of other religions and that these presumptions were the cause of the edict.

“When you come up with a national ruling, there must first be evidence of a problem. This is all based on negative presumptions.

“Any activity done with bad intentions can lead to negative implications,” she said, in refuting council chairman Datuk Dr Abdul Shukor Husin’s statement that the physical aspect of yoga should be avoided by Muslims as “doing one thing could lead to another.”

Several Muslims have also expressed consternation with the edict.

The Associated Press reported that yoga teacher Suleiha Merican, who has been practising yoga for 40 years, called yoga “a great health science” and there is no religion involved.

“We don’t do chanting and meditation. There is no conflict because yoga is not religion based,” Suleiha, 56, had said.

Putri Rahim, a housewife, said she is no less a Muslim after practising yoga for 10 years.

“I am mad! Maybe they have it in mind that Islam is under threat. To come out with a fatwa is an insult to intelligent Muslims. It’s an insult to my belief,” Putri told AP.

In a recent blog posting, social activist Datin Marina Mahathir criticised the council for even considering a yoga ban, calling it “a classic case of reacting out of fear and ignorance.”

Sharizal Shaarani, an executive told The Malaysian Insider that he could not see how yoga could affect a Muslim’s relationship with God.

“It is a petty thing. There are more important fatwas like on corruption for the council to address,” he said, adding that as practising yoga did not adversely affect the lives of others, others should not impose a set of values on the practitioners.
Blogpost updated at 2020hrs on 26 Nov 08 with this Reuters report,
Malaysia backs down from yoga ban

KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) – Malaysia's prime minister said on Wednesday Muslims should still take up yoga, reversing an outright ban that has drawn widespread protests amid concerns over growing Islamic fundamentalism in the multiracial nation.

Malaysia's National Fatwa Council, comprising Islamic scholars, told Muslims at the weekend to avoid yoga because it uses Hindu prayers that could erode Muslims' faith.

But the decision drew a sharp rebuke from many Muslims and even Malaysia's sultans, or hereditary rulers, who said that they should be consulted on any matters involving Islam.

Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi moved to contain the damage, telling the national news agency Bernama that Muslims could carry on doing yoga but minus the chanting.

"I wish to state that a physical regime with no elements of worship can continue, meaning, it is not banned. I believe that Muslims are not easily swayed into polytheism," he said.

Just before Abdullah spoke, the eldest son of the ruler of the central Negeri Sembilan state took the government to task over the yoga ruling.

"Islam is a progressive religion and the ulama (scholars) should be confident of the followers' faith rather than micro-managing their way of life," Tunku Naquiyuddin told a luncheon.

"If I go to a church or a Buddhist temple, is there any fear of me converting? ... Where do we draw the line?" the online version of the Star newspaper quoted him as saying.

The yoga fatwa ruling came hot on the heels of another edict against young Muslim women wearing trousers.

Fatwas or religious edicts are not legally binding, but they are highly influential in Malaysia, where Malay-Muslims form just over half of the country's 27 million people.

The fatwa council has said that by wearing trousers, girls risked becoming sexually active "tomboys." Gay sex is outlawed in Malaysia.

Malaysia's sizeable minorities include ethnic Chinese and Indians who practice either Christianity, Buddhism or Hinduism. (Reporting by Jalil Hamid)


          Happy 216th Birthday to economist Frederic Bastiat! - Publications – AEI   

AEI
Happy 216th Birthday to economist Frederic Bastiat!

Today, June 29, marks the 216th anniversary of the birth of the great French classical liberal economist Frédéric Bastiat (born June 29, 1801) whom economist Joseph Schumpeter called the “most brilliant economic journalist who ever lived.” Celebrating Bastiat’s birthday has become an annual tradition at CD, and below I present some of my favorite quotes [...]

Happy 216th Birthday to economist Frederic Bastiat!
Mark Perry


          108 Garage – Restaurant Review   

The struggles you face in London are truly real. Sure, there’s the ones everyone knows about (rent rises, Southern Rail, the chaos of the first snowflake landing, the ‘liberal London elite’, etc etc). But those pale in comparison, surely, to… Continue Reading

The post 108 Garage – Restaurant Review appeared first on Hello Farrah.


          Comentariu la Klaus Iohannis l-a desmnat pe Mihai Tudose (PSD) ca viitor premier. Aceasta criza politica dauneaza grav Romaniei de către Jurist   
Se pare ca , in ultima perioada presedintele tacut ca si "mutenia pamintului" este infricosat si nu-si mai indeplineste indatoririle de presedinte. Si-o fi pierdut incisivitatea la mitingurile din Piata Victoriei de la inceputul anului sau o fi frica fata de justitie pentru casele luate cu japca. Decit asa presedinte mai bine lipsa. Este la fel de penal ca si "sa traiti bine". Daca romanii au omorit un presedinte comunist , cred ca , si pe acesti doi penali liberali trebuie sa-i puna bine. Pe amindoi , fara discriminare pentru ca nu este unul mai breaz ca celalalt.
          After Inappropriate Photo Stunt, Kathy Griffin Bashes President Trump   

Kathy Griffin made major headlines earlier this year after posting a controversial photo of her holding President Donald Trump’s decapitated head. She later begged for forgiveness by posting an apology video and removing the inappropriate photo. Her hope was to make a strong ‘political statement’, but many audiences, including liberals, thought her photo stunt was extremely inappropriate.

kgriffinblue.jpg

After the outrage, Griffin was fired from multiple jobs and has been put under federal investigation by the Secret Service. However, since then, she called Trump a ‘bully’ during a press conference and deleted the apology video from her page.

On June 29th of 2017, she continued to prove her apology no longer stands, as she bashed our president online. Her post comes after the incident between Mika Brzezinski and President Trump. Griffin said, “POTUS likes to punch down,” then criticizes his health care reform.

Related Story: Mika Brzezinski Mocks President Trump, Responds to His Comments by Tweeting This Photo

https://twitter.com/kathygriffin/status/880517074094772224

A few days earlier on June 27th, she commented on being under federal investigation. She stated on Twitter, “Hey, (I don’t give a F anymore) but @TMX & Harvey Levin may u NEVER b under fed investigation like I am now.” Along with her statement, she shared an article that discusses how TMZ gradually became a Trump-supporting media source.

Related Story: Kathy Griffin Comments on Being Under Federal Investigation

dtrump7.jpg

Do you think Kathy Griffin’s remark towards President Trump was inappropriate? If you like this story, it on Facebook!


          Tucker Carlson Destroys Media over Their Reaction to Trump’s Mika Tweet   

Mika_Brzezinski_IN.jpg

President Trump created a firestorm Thursday when he insulted MSNBC “Morning Joe” host Mika Brzezinski on Twitter.

https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/880408582310776832

https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/880410114456465411

But no one seemed more upset about it than the mainstream media. That’s why Fox News host Tucker Carlson Thursday night called them out for being the ones to throw the first stone.

“So what is this really about?” Carlson asked on his show. “Well, first, Trump is fighting back. The media suggests he’s a mentally ill criminal. He calls them on their facelifts. He’s a brawler. They’re shocked by that, but they shouldn’t be.”

“Trump doesn’t play by the rules,” he continued. “He’s a threat to the people who make and enforce the rules — in this case, the media establishment here in Washington. They hate him for that, and for good reason.”

Carlson pointed out that mainstream media journalists are also claiming that people are going to start physically attacking them now because of what Trump says about them.

“In other words, disagreement equals violence. If you criticize me, you’re a physical threat,” Carlson explained. “It’s how liberals silence dissent, by conflating contrary opinions with violence. Passive aggression is the universal currency of the left. Nothing is more empowering than victimhood.”

Carlson continued, highlighting liberal hypocrisy by saying, “The left’s response to this is predictable and silly. The left doesn’t hate Trump because he’s vulgar, though he is. They applauded when Barack Obama vacationed with rappers. They think Lena Dunham is an artist. They hired Kathy Griffin. “

But he did have a clear rebuke and warning for Trump, saying his tweets were “stupid” and “counterproductive.”

“They achieved no policy objective, they elevated a television sideshow to a cultural icon status, they brought joy to the left while embarrassing the president’s supporters. They allowed liberals to crow about the degradation of the public square even as they finance their campaigns with donations from Hollywood sleaze merchants,” Carlson insisted.

“Rarely has a president been elected with a clearer message [on policies],” Carlson concluded. “A clearer mission. If he sticks to that, he will win. If he doesn’t, he won’t.”

Watch that snippet from Carlson’s show below:

Do you agree with Carlson? Comment, react to, or share this on Facebook.


          JALAN KEBENARAN (Dari Alamat Sughro Ke Kubro) Bab.1   

JALAN KEBENARAN

( DARI ALAMAT SUGHRO KE KUBRO )
                                                                    
Oleh :

H. M. SHOLYCHOEN MASYKOERI

YAYASAN BAITUL MUKMIN
SURABAYA
==============================================

KATA PENGANTAR


Dengan nama Allah Yang Maha Pengasih lagi Maha Penyayang.

Tidak ada Tuhan yang patut disembah kecuali Allah, Nabi Muhammad S.A.W adalah utusan-Nya. Katakanlah hai Muhammad bahwa Allah itu Esa. Allah itu tempat kita memohon. Tidak beranak dan tidak berbapak. Dan tidak sesuatupun menyamai-Nya. Sesungguhnya Allah berkuasa atas segala sesuatu.

Saya panjatkan puji syukur kepada Allah, bahwa dengan pertolongan-Nya, saya telah  berhasil menyusun risalah ini untuk pembaca sekalian, dengan harapan ada kepedulian terhadap ‘Jalan Kebenaran’ ini serta makin meningkatkan ketaqwaannya kepada Allah. Semoga shalawat salam senantiasa dilimpahkan kepada utusan-Nya yang terakhir yakni Nabi Besar Muhammad S.A.W yang menjadi penutup sekalian Nabi dan Rasul serta dijadikan contoh terbaik bagi segenap umat manusia. Mudah-mudahan rahmat karunia-Nya selalu dicurahkan kepada sahabat-sahabat dan pengikut-pengikutnya yang setia hingga akhir zaman.

Kepada para pembaca saya harapkan untuk dapatnya mengikuti risalah ini dengan pikiran yang cerah, dengan hati yang jernih dan dalam suasana yang hening; karena saya tidak bermaksud membuat cerita sensasi, tetapi menurut apa yang sebenarnya terjadi. Ini merupakan peringatan bagi mereka yang menyia-nyiakan tujuan hidupnya dan tenggelam dalam arus globalisasi menuruti hasrat nafsunya semata. Janganlah kiranya masalah ini dijadikan bahan perselisihan lebih-lebih tertawaan, karena apabila kita mau menelaahnya baik-baik, justru mengingatkan kita supaya segera sadar fafirru ilallaahi wa rasuulihii S.A.W.

Seperti telah diberitakan dalam surat-surat kabar di Jawa Timur pada pertengahan bulan April tahun 1963, tentang keadaan Ustadz Husnan (dahulu bernama Asnan) dari Kupang Gunung Surabaya, yang secara mendadak menjadi bisu dengan melalui proses yang ajaib. Penyakit tersebut diderita hanya selama 18 hari. Saya percaya bahwa penyakit bisunya itu bukanlah dibuat-buat dan bukan pula karena sesuatu maksud, sebab saya kenal betul kepadanya saat ia tinggal di Gubeng Sawah hingga pindah di Kupang Gunung Surabaya.

Selanjutnya saya ikuti terus perkembangan yang terjadi atas dirinya, hingga berhasil menyusun buku ini dan merupakan suatu peristiwa yang saya anggap penting, sebab pengalaman-pengalamannya mengandung hal-hal yang tidak boleh kita biarkan berlalu. Di lain pihak mungkin untuk pembahasan bagi para ahli sejarah.

Ustadz Husnan adalah seorang manusia biasa. Pengetahuan agamanya masih sedikit, lebih-lebih pengetahuan umumnya, tetapi dalam mengamalkan agamanya mungkin ia bersungguh-sungguh. Demikian pula pengabdiannya kepada  masyarakat tidaklah mengecewakan. Namun kalau Allah berkehendak, tidak seorangpun dapat menghalang-halangi kehendak-Nya.

Agar supaya tidak mempunyai rasa takut, cemas ataupun putus asa, selaku teman ia selalu saya dampingi dan ikut serta memecahkan kesulitan-kesulitan yang dihadapinya; fatwa-fatwa yang diterima dari orang-orang tua, saya saya turut mendorong untuk dapatnya dilaksanakan dengan sebaik-baiknya. Saya yakin bahwa apa yang dialaminya selama ini bukanlah suatu kesesatan, bukan pula pengaruh setan, tetapi justru jalan kebenaran yang diridloi Allah S.W.T.

Tugas pertama yang harus dilaksanakan ialah membaca Al-Qur’an sebanyak 60 juta huruf Al-Qur’an yang harus dibaca oleh istrinya, ia hanya ditugasi menyemak. Tugas tersebut insyaAllah telah diselesaikan pada pertengahan tahun 1966. Tugas kedua ia disuruh mendirikan sebuah masjid di Kupang Gunung Surabaya. Alhamdulillah telah berdiri dan diresmikan pada tahun 1972, dan diberi nama oleh mbah Khudlori Mojoagung masjid “Baitul ‘Ilmin”.

Hal-hal yang perlu dikemukakan disini ialah pertemuan Ustadz Husnan dengan Raden Muhammad Surya Alam alias Mbah Bun yang konon usianya sangat panjang. Sebenarnya saya menghadapi kesulitan dalam usaha mengungkap tokoh tersebut karena sangat sedikitnya pengetahuan saya dan buku-buku yang saya miliki. Namun oleh bantuan serta perhatian beliau-beliau yang saya anggap lebih mengerti, akhirnya dapat saya jelaskan menurut apa adanya.

Kepada bapak Kol.(Purn).Drs.Sunyoto saya nyatakan terima kasih atas pemberian ijin serta diikutkannya juru potret Gatot Pramudiyanto. Juga terima kasih kepada bapak Kol.(Purn).M.Said yang telah menyediakan kendaraan guna kepentingan peninjauan tersebut.

Begitupun kepada para ‘Alim ‘Ulama dan cerdik pandai dari semua pihak yang dengan tulus ikhlas membantu usaha saya ini, antara lain : bapak Drs.Pitono (ahli sejarah), bapak Guswadi (ahli Metafisika), Habib Umar Alatas (ahli tafsir, hadits maupun sejarah), bapak K.H.Ahmad Zaini (mantan imam masjid Istiqlal), Prof.K.H.Syafii Karim (mantan rector IAIN Sunan Ampel) dan masih banyak lagi yang tidak saya sebut namanya. Semoga Allah S.W.T melimpahkan rahmat karunia-Nya kepada beliau-beliau tersebut.

Tak lupa kritik dan tegoran dari para pembaca selalu saya harapkan, karena saya mengakui sebagai insan yang lemah tentu tidak dapat terhindar dari kesalahan dan kealpaan. Hanya Allah S.W.T lah yang semata-mata tempat kebenaran dan kesempurnaan.
Akhirnya saya mohon taufiq dan hidayah serta perlindungan Allah dari kesalahan yang dapat membawa kepada kesesatan. Ya Alloh, karuniailah kami kebahagiaan di dunia dan kebahagiaan di akhirat. Amin.

Surabaya, 12 - 2 – 1967
Penyusun :
            (Sholychoen Masykoeri)



PENGANTAR PENERBIT


Buku ini dicetak untuk pertama, kedua dan ketiga kalinya secara stensil pada tahun 1963 hanya yang pokok-pokok dan tidak mencapai 1000 eksemplar, kemudian mengalami cetak ulang sampai kelima kalinya pada tahun 1967 dengan mengalami sedikit tambahan-tambahan.

Pada cetakan keenam ini, isi buku mengalami tambahan-tambahan yang cukup besar dan ejaan-ejaan telah diperbaiki sesuai dengan ejaan baru yang disempurnakan. Secara keseluruhan isi buku ini dipandang perlu untuk zaman sekarang.

Semoga buku ini bermanfaat bagi para pembaca.



BAB : I

PENDAHULUAN

Sebelum saya menceritakan inti dari risalah ini, lebih dahulu perlu kita kenali ilmu metafisika untuk dijadikan landasan pemikiran. Karena yang akan saya kemukakan ini justru suatu peristiwa gaib (paska ilmiyah) yang tidak mudah dicerna oleh akal pikiran begitu saja.

Agar kita tidak terperdaya oleh akal kita sendiri, marilah kita ikuti uraian Dr.Paryana Suryadipura (pakar metafisika) ini. Maksudnya ialah meminta perhatian kepada para pembaca untuk dijadikan pegangan sebagai petunjuk jalan ke arah mana kita harus menuju menemui sari daripada hidup yang sejati dan sekaligus akan menemukan kebenaran mutlak.

Manusia pada umumnya menilai kebenaran itu relatif; padahal sesungguhnya kebenaran itu ada yang bersifat umum dan ada yang mutlak. Kebenaran yang bersifat umum kebenaran yang diperoleh dengan ilmu pengetahuan yang bersifat corporeel yakni nyata, pun kebenaran yang mengenai moraal. Sedang kebenaran mutlak sampai sekarang masih terus ditelusuri oleh para ahli filsafat baik barat maupun timur; namun demikian masih belum memperoleh titik temu yang dapat memuaskan semua pihak.



1.  ILMU PENGETAHUAN

Tidak dapat disangkal bahwa dunia makin lama makin kacau dan sifat manusia makin lama makin kejam. Kenyataan ini tumbuhnya sejajar dengan meningkatnya ilmu pengetahuan dan tercapainya hasil tehnik yang gilang gemilang, tehnologi canggih.

Oleh karena tiap keadaan, tiap kejadian dan tiap peristiwa tunduk kepada hukum sebab akibat, maka keadaan dunia pada masa sekarang yang penuh dengan kekacauan dan permusuhan, perlu dikupas dan diselidiki apa yang menjadi sebab - sebabnya.

Dunia sekarang sedang dikuasai oleh ilmu pengetahuan dan tehnik; oleh karena itu didikan yang diselenggarakan pada masa sekarang ialah didikan yang disesuaikan dengan tuntutan ilmu pengetahuan dan kebutuhan tehnik. Didikan yang didasarkan atas tuntutan ilmu pengetahuan dan tehnik ialah didikan yang mengutamakan  berkembangnya akal atau “verstand” semata.

Didikan yang mempunyai dasar – dasar demikian menghasilkan orang – orang yang cerdik pandai (intelectueel) yang mempunyai pikiran yang sehat, akan tetapi di dalam pandangan jagadnya mempunyai azaz –azaz pikiran yang salah. Pikiran yang salah dan filsafat yang mengandung kekhilafan walaupun kesalahan dan kekhilafan ini sangat kecil, dapat menimbulkan kerusakan atau kelumpuhan di dalam semua organisasi, seluruh masyarakat dan di dalam tiap tatanegara.

Lebih tinggi ilmu pengetahuan dan tehnik meningkat, lebih dalam pikiran manusia memusat pada keadaan yang dapat disaksikan dengan panca indra dan oleh karena itu lebih banyak manusia tertipu oleh bayangan dengan tiga ukuran (demensi) yaitu keadaan yang berjasad.

Keadaan demikian ialah akibat daripada aliran filsafat yang tumbuh atas dasar – dasar ilmu pengetahuan exact dan tehnik, yang lazim disebut realisme atau positivisme, yang selanjutnya menjadi sebab tumbuhnya egoisme (mementingkan diri sendiri), liberalisme (aliran memikir dan berbuat dengan bebas), materialisme (mementingkan benda), kapitalisme (mementingkan pemodal) dan akhirnya imperialisme (tuntutan dapat menguasai lain bangsa).

Tuntutan suatu bangsa dapat menguasai lain bangsa adalah sumber kesesatan yang mengikat dunia dan manusia di dalam rangkaian kesulitan, kesukaran, kekurangan dan kesengsaraan dengan berakibat pertentangan, persengketaan dan akhirnya peperangan.

Inilah semua hasil daripada akal atau verstand, hingga pikiran yang sehat dan dibanggakan tadi, terbukti tidaklah sehat. Pikiran yang benar atau amal yang baik, apabila memenuhi cita – cita atau angan – angan umat manusia yang tadi dan mengenai kepentingan umum, walaupun diucapkan sekejap atau dikerjakan sepintas lintas oleh seseorang yang tidak dikenal dan tersembunyi, akan menyinar bercahaya. Walaupun sekali waktu mengalami pudar namun kebenaran akan terus memancar dan sekali waktu akan menemui mangsanya untuk memancar tinggi.

Sebaliknya pikiran yang salah dan amal buruk merusak dan melumpuhkan semua tata tertib. Belum pernah dunia terjebak di dalam kecemasan dan kedustaan yang besar seperti sekarang. Faham – faham sesat lagi hebat meresap di dalam seluruh lapisan masyarakat, hingga manusia pada masa sekarang merasa terdesak dan tertekan ke dalam paksaan hidup yang bukan kodratnya; terombang – ambing dan terbanting – banting oleh gelombang loba tamak dan taufan angkara murka yang sedang menghampiri seluruh umat manusia.

Tidak dapat disangkal, bahwa hasil ilmu pengetahuan dan tehnik, di dalam muluk yang seindah – indahnya tidak disertai ketenteraman dunia, bahkan sebaliknya ; dunia bertambah erat terikat di dalam kesulitan dan manusia bertambah leluasa dan kuasa dapat membunuh sesama hidup dengan besar – besaran dengan memakai alasan : untuk keadilan, untuk demokrasi, untuk keamanan dan ketenteraman, bahkan ada yang memakai alasan untuk menunaikan utusan suci (mission sacre).

Manusia sebagai satu – satunya jenis makhluk yang dikaruniai kekuasaan dapat memikir tentang keadaan yang berjasad (corporeel) dan gaib (abstract), pada satu ketika harus sadar akan kesalahannya dan merubah cara berpikir dan berbuat menurut pokok qaidah (norm) yang sebenarnya.

Keadaan yang abstract lagi mutlak tidak lain hanya Tuhan Allah. Pikiran yang dapat ditingkatkan dari keadaan yang berjasad ke arah keadaan yang abstract terutama Allah, itulah yang sebenarnya dinamai memikir. Berhubung dengan itu maka perlu sekali untuk waktu ini didikan anak – anak kita tidak lagi melulu intelectueel (menurut kecerdasan) akan tetapi didikan harus didasarkan atas imbangan antara didikan intelectueel dan didikan kebatinan (spiritueel) agar angkatan baru ini tidak berpikir dan berbuat seperti setan yang menjadikan dunia sebagai neraka belaka. Jeritan dan ratapan dunia oleh karena itu demikian kerasnya, hingga orang tulipun dapat mendengarnya.

Pikiran yang masih terikat erat kepada kenyataan – kenyataan yang lahir, diantaranya pikiran dari mereka yang mengabdi kepada ilmu pengetahuan exact, perlu dibebaskan dari kecemasan dan kedustaan berupa kesesatan yang memandang dunia lahir ini sebagai hakekat. Disamping itu pengetahuan exact sendiri terutama ilmu alam, di dalam penyelidikannya telah memperoleh hasil yang mendekati hakekat, dengan diketemukannya bagian – bagian atom yang menyusunnya.


a      Ilmu Physica.

Menurut ilmu physica modern yang dinamai benda (materie) ialah timbunan tenaga di dalam susunan yang tetap, dengan kata lain adanya materie bergantung pada adanya energie (tenaga). Tidak ada energie, tidak mungkin ada materie atau jelasnya energie itulah yang terlebih dahulu ada sebelum adanya materie (benda). Menurut hukum kekekalan tenaga tidak ada energie yang hilang lenyap dengan tidak berubah menjadi keadaan atau lain energie.

Prof.Bolland mengatakan, bahwa tidak ada materie bebas dari energie dan tidak ada energie diluar materie. Ucapan Bolland ini hanya berlaku untuk dunia yang empiris – materialistis, bukan untuk alam yang metaphysic – immaterialistis yang semata – mata terisi dengan energie – energie yang tak ada batasnya, yang tak terhingga besarnya dan ada diluar materie. Jelaslah sekarang, bahwa energie itu pangkalnya materie dan energie ialah faham yang metaphysic dan immaterieel.

Menurut pendapat Aristoteles bahwa Tuhan adalah Actus Purus, berarti Energie Maha Suci. Memang “tidak ada daya (energie) yang tidak berasal dari Tuhan”.

Di dalam ilmu physica kita mengenal berbagai – bagai energie :

  1. Tenaga mekanik, ialah energie yang diadakan oleh keadaan materiel (berbenda) : tenaga yang lahir dari manusia, hewan, alat – alat, mesin – mesin, dan sebagainya. Energie ini ialah energie yang paling lemah dan timbul sebagai gerakan lahir yang dapat disaksikan dengan panca indra.

  1. Tenaga termik, ialah energie yang keluar dari hawa panas. Energie ini lebih besar adanya daripada energie mekanik, misalnya uap dari air mendidih yang dapat menggerakkan kereta api, kapal, mesin dan sebagainya.

  1. Tenaga kimik, ialah energie yang keluar dari proses kimia, diantaranya ada yang sangat hebat kekuatannya, misalnya ledakan dinamit, nitroglycerine, schietkatoen dan sebagainya.

  1. Tenaga listrik, yang kekuatannya telah diketahui oleh umum; kereta api listrik, mesin listrik, dan sebagainya.

  1. Tenaga atom, ialah energie yang keluar dari runtuhan atom di dalam electron – electronnya. Energie yang keluar daripada proses ini besar sekali. Misalnya 1 gram radium – emanatie, apabila runtuh didalam electron – electronnya akan mengeluarkan tenaga yang besarnya sama dengan jumlah tenaga dari 160.000.000 kuda.

  1. Tenaga radio actief, ialah energie yang keluar dari unsure – unsure yang radio actief, misalnya unsure radium, actium, thorium, protactinium dan uranium. Termasuk golongan energie ini ialah sinar tembus dari rontgen, sinar becquerel dan sinar gamma. Sinar – sinar ini terbukti terdiri dari electron – electron yang kehilangan sifatnya sebagai electron dan menggelombang menjadi sinar.


Menurut Dr.Fritz Khan electron – electron itu terjadi dari pusaran aether. Berhubung dengan itu maka dapat ditarik kesimpulan, bahwa electron – electron yang kehilangan sifatnya di dalam hakekatnya electron – electron itu kembali menjadi aether. Proses ini selalu disertai oleh sinar yang mempunyai gelombang yang sangat pendek, hingga dapat menembus segala keadaan.

  1. Tenaga cosmic, ialah energie dari sinar cosmis yang mempunyai gelombang sangat pendek. Akibat dari energie ini sampai kini masih belum pula dapat ditetapkan, akan tetapi telah dapat dipastikan bahwa sinar ini tidak berasal dari sesuatu di dalam semesta alam kita.

Tenaga – tenaga yang berupa sinar  atau aether yang menggelombang dinamai tenaga electromagnetic. Tenaga yang berdiri sendiri dan tidak dapat berubah menjadi tenaga lain ialah gaya berat. Di dalam semesta alam telah diketahui banyak sekali sinar – sinar atau tenaga electromagnetic. Perbedaan dari tenaga – tenaga ini satu terhadap yang lain terletak di dalam panjangnya gelombang.

Di antara gelombang – gelombang electromagnetic ini hanya sinar cahaya yang bergelombang 0,000.07 – 0,000.04 cm yang dapat dilihat oleh mata kita, sedang lain gelombang tidak dapat dilihat. Adapun sinar cosmis, yang mempunyai gelombang yang paling pendek 0,000.000.000.01 – 0,000.000.000.000.1 cm, menyinari dunia kita dari tempat yang belum diketahui oleh kita. Dari pendeknya, gelombang sinar ini dapat menembus segala keadaan, pun dunia kita. Dengan sendirinya sinar ini dapat menembus otak dan hati kita, apa pengaruhnya atas otak kita belumlah diketahui.

Seperti diketahui, diterangkan bahwa sinar cosmis berasal dari sesuatu di luar semesta alam kita. Mungkin sinar cosmis ini dapat meruntuhkan aether di dalam zat yang paling halus, yang menjadi pangkal semua zat, benda dan keadaan. Apabila benar, maka sinar cosmis ini dapat dinamakan tenaga zat mutlak, absolute substantie.

b.    Atoom Physica.

Physica daripada atom dan intinya (nuclears) yang telah dipelajari oleh ahli – ahli atom sampai sedalam – dalamnya, walaupun akibatnya menjilma sebagai senjata yang sangat dahsyat, dipandang dari lain sudut, pengetahuan ini sudah dapat dipergunakan untuk membuka jalan luas dan jelas menuju kepada hal – hal yang sampai kini belum dapat didekati oleh rasio untuk disaksikan di dalam abstractie dan dimengerti hakekatnya.

Melangkah di atas jalan ini, dari alam lahir menuju ke alam abstract untuk akhirnya menemui hakekat, yang dasarnya diletakkan oleh atom physica, bukanlah gambaran yang tidak masuk akal, akan tetapi nanti terbukti bahwa inilah satu – satunya jalan yang dapat mengembalikan mereka yang telah jauh tersesat di dalam rimba exacta dan mathematica.

Atoom physica adalah ilmu pengetahuan exact. Di atas atom adalah alam daya semata, yang hypothetis akan tetapi tidak dapat disangkal adanya, oleh karena banyak peristiwa alamiyah yang tidak dapat diterangkan tanpa keadaan yang hypothesis ini.

Di atas yang hypothetis inilah dapat diabstractiekan letaknya Yang Mutlak. Untuk mengerti hubungan antara Yang Mutlak dan yang nisbi, maka kita harus menempuh jalan yang terbentang luas dan jelas antara kedua keadaan yang dimaksud ini. Dengan diketemukannya susunan daripada atom, maka benda (materie) sudah dapat didekati hakekatnya. Dan terbukti bahwa bagian – bagian yang terkecil adalah pemusatan daya semata.

Proton dan neutron menyusun inti daripada atom adalah padetan, sedang electron adalah ulekan daripada energie. Dengan pendapatan ini maka ilmu pengetahuan telah tiba pada batasnya. Batas antara yang nyata dan yang tersembunyi, antara yang fana dan yang baqa, antara yang materiel dan spiritueel, antara benda dan ruh.

Di dalam alam antara ini, ilmu pengetahuan dengan langkah setingkat lagi keatas dapat menemukan mahkotanya, yang pula menjadi pondamen daripada agama, ialah Tuhan, Hakekat Yang Terakhir. Di dalam alam antara ini, ilmu pengetahuan dan agama bersua, akibat ditemukannya susunan atom dan bagian – bagiannya.

b      Metaphysica.

Asal kata metaphysica ialah dari kata – kata : meta = luar atau sesudahnya atau disampingnya, physica = ilmu alam. Jadi arti letterlijknya ialah apa – apa yang ada diluar atau disamping alam. Dimana ilmu pengetahuan exact berakhir, disitulah permulaan dari ilmu metaphysica. Apa – apa yang tidak dapat diterangkan dengan ilmu pengetahuan alam kita pergunakan ilmu metaphysica. Jadi sebenarnya ilmu ini termasuk filsafat atau pengetahuan filosofis yang mendekati pengetahuan religion.

Pada suatu saat ilmu metaphysica akan menjadi ilmu physica biasa, jika sudah ada pembuktian nyata. Tidak bedanya dengan sebagian besar hypothese – hypothese dari ilmu pengetahuan exact pada abad – abad yang lampau, yang pada abad ke 20 ini bukan merupakan hypothese – hypothese (dugaan – dugaan) lagi, karena sudah menjadi kenyataan. Metaphysica adalah ilmu tentang dasar – dasar yang “tinggi” atau “dalam” dari hakekat.

Pada masa sekarang manusia mengenal dirinya sendiri dari pengetahuan dan emotie – emotienya yang mengatasi dirinya sendiri seperti telepatie, clairvoyance, cryptoscopie, dematerialisatie dan sebagainya. Pendek kata peristiwa – peristiwa pada dirinya yang tidak mungkin dapat diterangkan dengan akal. Oleh sebab itu metaphysica adalah pengetahuan yang sedikit mengenai Yang Mutlak atau Tuhan dan hakekat daripada tiap sesuatu, akan tetapi tumbuh lebih cepat ke arah pengetahuan tentang diri manusia sendiri, seperti telah dicita – citakan oleh Socrates. Jadinya metaphysica masa sekarang ialah ilmu manusia di dalam keseluruhannya di dalam integrasinya.

d.     Susunan Atoom.

Arti istilah atom menurut Demokritus (400 tahun sebelum Masehi) oleh para sarjana zaman sekarang tidak dengan sengaja salah dipergunakan, oleh karena istilah atom yang berarti tak dapat dibagi – bagi (a = tidak, toom = dibagi – bagi), terbukti masih mempunyai bagian – bagian yang lebh kecil lagi ialah : electron, proton dan neutron.

Proton dan neutron menjadi inti atom (nucleas), sedangkan electronnya berputar – putar mengelilingi intinya dengan kecepatan yang luar biasa. Adapun yang sesungguhnya tidak mempunyai bagian itu adalah atom yang sejati :
1.     Atoom daripada tiap – tiap keadaan (materie).
2.     Atoom daripada energie.
3.     Atoom daripada hayat.
4.     Atoom daripada ruh.
5.     Atoom daripada pikiran.
6.     Atoom daripada pembawa tujuan didalam dirinya sendiri dinamai intelectie.

e.     Atoom Energie dan Meta Energie.

Tenaga atom yang baru diketemukan rahasianya adalah tenaga atom yang diketemukan di dalam benda mati, yang tidak mungkin dapat dilepaskan dari tangan mereka yang  mengingini pemusnahan materiel untuk memperoleh keuntungan lahir. Tenaga atom yang belum diketahui adalah yang ada pada makhluk – makhluk hidup, yang pasti akan memberi kebahagiaan hidup.

Tenaga  atom mati akan membawa banyak kematian, sedangkan tenaga atom hidup akan memberi hidup dan kehidupan, adalah tenaga yang menghidupkan. Mencari hakekat tenaga atom hidup akan berhasil, apabila si penyelidik tidak didorong oleh nafsu – nafsu yang materialistis, oleh karena dua kenyataan yang bertentangan tidak mungkin dapat menghasilkan pendapat sebagai hasil kerja sama ; tidak mungkin kita memperoleh pengetahuan hakekat hayat dengan membunuh hewan percobaan.

Hakekat atom hidup hanya dapat diketahui rahasianya hanya oleh penyelidik  - penyelidik yang ingin membangun masyarakat yang akan mengindahkan nilai – nilai spiritueel. Nanti terbukti bahwa energie atom yang berasal dari benda hidup lebih berkuasa daripada energie atom yang berasal dari benda mati.

Maka tidak dapat disangkal bahwa di dalam semesta alam ini sebenarnya ada dua pangkal segala kenyataan, ialah bahan mati yang menjadi pangkal segala yang mati dan bahan hidup yang menjadi pangkal segala yang hidup, masing – masing untuk menjadi proton, neutron dan electron. Karena proton terjadi dari padetan aether dan electron terjadi dari pusaran aether, maka tidak dapat disingkirkan anggapan kita bahwa aether itu ada dua jenis. Aether yang menjadi pokok dari segala keadaan yang mati dan aether yang menjadi pokok dari segala keadaan yang hidup.

Apakah tidak lebih baik apabila diadakan patokan bahwa aether itu hanya ada satu jenis, ialah aether yang hidup, hingga semua electron dapat dianggap hidup karena semua mempunyai sifat bergerak ? Bagi mereka yang cenderung kepada aliran serba eka (monisme) memang anggapan ini lebih memuaskan, akan tetapi akibatnya melanggar kekuasaan Tuhan. Karena dengan ilmu pengetahuan yang makin maju, pada suatu ketika dapat menyusun bagian – bagian dengan segala alat – alatnya dari makhluk hidup yang paling sederhana dan menjadi hidup dengan sendirinya. Ini tidak mungkin, karena kita tentu mengerti bahwa kekuasaan mengadakan makhluk hidup hanya terletak di satu tangan, ialah Tuhan Yang Maha Esa.

Apabila electron – electron mati (ion – ion) runtuh dari susunannya ialah atom, maka tenaga yang keluar daripada proses ini ialah besar sekali. Tenaga yang keluar ini dinamai tenaga atom (atom energie).

Apabila electron – electron hidup (bion – bion) keluar dari susunannya ialah ruhani, maka tenaga yang keluar dari runtuhan ini ialah besar pula, akan tetapi gaib ; artinya tidak dapat disaksikan secara langsung. Tenaga yang keluar ini dinamai tenaga gaib (meta energie). Atom energie dan meta energie sebenarnya sama, hanya berbeda asalnya, yang pertama berasal dari benda mati dan yang kedua berasal dari benda hidup.

Berhubung dengan itu meta energie pada hakekatnya lebih tinggi derajatnya daripada atom energie.

NO.
ATOOM - ENERGIE

META - ENERGIE
1.
Pangkalnya : electron benda (ion).
Pangkalnya : electron hidup (bion).

2.
Terikat di dalam benda.
Bebas dari segala ikatan.

3.
Karena ikatan ini, atom energie tidak mempunyai kegiatan sendiri.
Dapat bergerak dengan kemauan sendiri dan dengan kecepatan kilat.
4.
Menjadi bagian dari benda mati.
Menjadi bagian dari makhluk hidup, oleh karena itu energie yang hidup.
5.
Passief, tidak mempunyai kehendak sendiri.
Actief, karena mempunyai pikiran dan budhi pekerti.
6.
Dapat dikerahkan menurut perhitungan.
Dapat dikerahkan atas tekanan kemauan yang teguh.
7.
Tidak dapat keluar dari benda.
Dapat bertindak di luar benda, hingga dapat meluas ke seluruh alam.
8.
Atoom energie dapat meruntuhkan susunan atom dengan hebat (atom bom).
Meta energie dapat pula meruntuhkan susunan atom (dematerialisasi).

Dengan adanya daftar di atas, bagi ummat islam tidaklah heran, sebab mereka percaya dengan adanya mu’jizat – mu’jizat yang dikaruniakan kepada para Nabi dan Rosul, adanya karomah – karomah atau ma’unah yang dikaruniakan kepada para Wali. Adapun istidroj yang diberikan kepada ahli – ahli sihir adalah sangat dilarang oleh Islam.

2.

Just days after he released bombshell undercover footage of CNN that confirmed everything President Trump and conservatives have been saying about the “very fake news” network, James O’Keefe of Project Veritas released more evidence that puts CNN in a very bad light.

O’Keefe’s first video, released Monday, showed a supervising producer unknowingly revealing to an undercover Veritas reporter that CNN has little regard for journalistic ethics, will do just about anything to get better ratings, has very little faith in the whole Trump-Russia collusion theory but pushes it anyway, caters to its liberal viewers, and scrutinizes Trump far more than they ever did President Obama.

Although the mainstream media tried to ignore the video on Tuesday, it quickly rose to the #1 trending spot on YouTube. Soon after, the Deputy White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders urged all Americans during her live press briefing to watch the video.

O’Keefe’s second video showed CNN contributor Van Jones confirming that there’s really nothing to the Russia story. We have not published the videos here because of the crude language used by people caught on camera at CNN, but you can watch them on Veritas’ YouTube channel.

Now in his third video, released Friday, O’Keefe’s undercover reporter spoke with Jimmy Carr, CNN’s associate producer for Chris Cuomo and Alisyn Camerota’s morning show “New Day.” While downing a drink, Carr first admitted that CNN is only impartial “in theory.”

Next he revealed that he thinks 90% of his coworkers at CNN believes what he does: That Trump is completely insane and cares nothing about America. To top that off, when asked about the intellect of the average American voter, he said — to put it kindly — that they’re all complete idiots.

Veritas_Part_III_1.jpg

If that truly is the tone of 90% of people at CNN, then it’s easy to see why they have such a liberal, anti-Trump bias.

O’Keefe also obtained unused audio from an interview Camerota did with six Trump supporters 60 days after he took office. In the portion aired for TV, one of the Trump supporters is seemingly stumped when Camerota asks him for evidence of rampant voter fraud in America by Democrats. What was cut, though, is what Trump supporter William Baer said next.

“I mean, has anybody looked into, like what James O’Keefe has done? When he went undercover to those various polling places?” he asked.

He then went on to describe how O’Keefe was able to illegally register to vote in a state without anyone questioning him. It’s an experiment O’Keefe and his undercover reporters have filmed themselves successfully conducting numerous times.

Veritas_Part_III_2.jpg

But CNN left all that out.

What do you think about this? Comment, react to, or share this on Facebook.


          Conservative Group Sues After Internet Giant Labels Them a ‘Hate Group’   

Gavel_2.jpg

When you’re wanting to donate to a charity or nonprofit group, it’s a good idea to do a little research to make sure they’re legitimate and don’t support causes that you oppose. That’s why GuideStar exists, and they’ve become the internet’s largest compendium of data on charities, giving potential donors information on 2,000 different charities, according to the Associated Press.

But then they did something really bizarre. Early in June, they allowed the left-leaning Southern Poverty Law Center to attach a “hate group” label to any nonprofit they didn’t like.

It was akin to giving a rambunctious child a brush full of paint and leaving them alone in a white-walled room for an hour.

GuideStar_Hate_2.jpg

The SPLC went to work, labeling 46 groups as “hate groups.” Some of them included conservative and Christian groups like the conservative Christian Family Research Council, the fundamentalist Christian American Family Association, the conservative Christian Alliance Defending Freedom, and the evangelical Christian Liberty Counsel.

The SPLC’s label sat prominently near the top of every flagged group’s page, warning potential donors to stay away. GuideStar defended their decision to let the SPLC run wild.

Not surprisingly, 41 of the “hate groups” wrote a letter to GuideStar to complain, according to Life Site News. That’s when GuideStar decided to remove the “hate group” label from those 41 groups’ pages, but they made it clear the SPLC’s information on each of those nonprofits would remain readily available upon request.

Now one of those conservative Christian Groups is suing GuideStar for defamation. Florida-based Liberty Counsel uses litigation to defend the rights of Christians in America, and now they’re using their legal muscle to defend what they do. The case is called “Liberty Counsel vs. GuideStar USA, Inc.”

Liberty Counsel chairman Mat Staver claims, "GuideStar’s CEO, Jacob Harold, is using GuideStar as a weapon to defame, harm, and promote his liberal agenda by using the SPLC to falsely label good nonprofit organizations as ‘hate groups.”

"GuideStar has not retracted its ‘hate group’ label and continues to provide false, defamatory and harmful information it pushes as fact to the public. The damage by GuideStar is far reaching because this false and defamatory labeling has been spread through scores of media sources and the internet. It also appears on the GuideStar Wikipedia page,” he continued.

As of Thursday, the Wikipedia pages for most of the targeted groups mentioned above now prominently feature the SPLC’s designation of them as hate groups, making the attack widespread indeed.

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          Appalachian Wrestling's Greatest Villain: 'The Progressive Liberal'   
A wrestler is stirring up crowds at deep-red rural Appalachian events as a trash-talking East Coast elite going by the name Dan Richards, The Progressive Liberal.
          WHY ARE DEMOCRAT-MONOPOLY CITIES SUCH CESSPITS OF VIOLENCE? How Liberal Portland Became America’s …   
WHY ARE DEMOCRAT-MONOPOLY CITIES SUCH CESSPITS OF VIOLENCE? How Liberal Portland Became America’s Most Politically Violent City. Portland’s last Republican mayor left office in 1980.
          Mexicali Fritata Recipe   
 One of my favorite things to make is a frittata. They are easy and you can be very creative with your ingredients. Guests at our bed and breakfast always seem to enjoy them, which really makes me happy.

I love Mexican food and when sisters Nadine and Sandy, who visit our inn often, told me they loved it too, I decided to see if I could come up with a recipe for a frittata that they and their husbands would enjoy. I have been serving this now for a couple of years and I want to share it with you.

When I make this, I use 2 glass, 8 x 8 dishes because it bakes quicker and more evenly than using a larger dish. If I am serving 10 guests for breakfast, I use 3 dishes.

Jan’s Mexicali Frittata

Serves 8
10 eggs
1 teaspoon sea salt
Lemon pepper
½ teaspoon onion powder
½ teaspoon garlic powder
Chopped fresh cilantro
Dollop low fat or fat-free sour cream
4 small shallots, sliced
1 cup black beans, rinsed and drained
1 cup roasted corn kernels, Trader Joe’s frozen-thawed and drained
2 small cans mild green chilies, drained
¼ cup sundried tomatoes, cut in small pieces
1 cup milk or Sour Cream
Mexican cheese blend with spices (about a cup – more if you like real cheesy)
4 small corn tortillas

Topping:  1 cup sour cream, 1 cup salsa, chopped parsley, chopped cilantro

Preheat oven to 375. Spray 2 square baking dishes liberally with cooking spray.  Put a light layer of the cheese blend on the bottom of the dish. Cut tortillas in half and cover bottom of baking dishes.  Layer shallots, black beans, roasted corn, chilies, cilantro, cheese blend, and sundried tomatoes.  Whip eggs with onion powder, garlic powder, small amount of low fat sour cream, sea salt, lemon pepper, and milk. Add parsley and cilantro.  Pour egg mixture evenly over layered veggies.  Finish off with another light layer of cheese blend.  Bake for about 30 minutes or until set. Cool for 5 minutes, cut into triangles or squares.
Top each serving with a dollop of sour cream, salsa, and sprinkle with cilantro and parsley.

This dish is great served warm or at room temperature. For breakfast, I love to serve this with chunks of peach & chipotle chicken sausage and pineapple that have been skewered and baked in the oven for about 15 minutes. Yum, yum.
          The Mask is OFF! Mueller’s Credibility Just Took a MASSIVE Hit – Dems and Media FOILED Again   

  Tainted hands washing tainted hands seems to be the liberal way of doing things. They cannot be upfront or come clean about anything they seek to accomplish. Take for example special prosecutor Robert Mueller having lose ties with former FBI Director James Comey. Mueller was appointed to investigate supposed Russian involvement in affecting the […]

The post The Mask is OFF! Mueller’s Credibility Just Took a MASSIVE Hit – Dems and Media FOILED Again appeared first on .


          Law Enforcement GREAT AGAIN: Trump Just Had 199 People Arrested In Unexpected Overnight Raid   

Want to really get under the skin of a liberal? Start obeying the federal law and doing what Americans expect you to do. That’s what President Trump did when he ordered the arrest of 199 Iraqi citizens all over the country. And of course liberals are lambasting him for being heartless and breaking up families. […]

The post Law Enforcement GREAT AGAIN: Trump Just Had 199 People Arrested In Unexpected Overnight Raid appeared first on .


          Meeting His Mom In Law Began With Formality Ends Up With Liberalness   
Watch Meeting His Mom In Law Began With Formality Ends Up With Liberalness at free fuck and porn video site
          Kommentar zu „Ehe für alle“: Merkel verschwult die CDU…. von 006   
Graf Zu ihrem 'Berger-Kommentar' fällt mir eine Begebenheit ein, die, so klein sie war, doch - für mich zumindest - eine Art 'Schlüsselcharakter' hatte... Es war so Ende Januar diesen Jahres ... als ich im örtlichen Edeka-Markt einkaufen ging. Noch im Eingangsbereich - bei den Früchten und Gemüsen - komme ich an einem kleinen Jungen vorbei, der dort seinen Vater beim Einkaufen begleitete. Dabei bekomme ich folgende Frage des Jungen mit: <i>Papa ... können Männer auch heiraten?</i> Worauf der Vater dann mit so einem typischen Ton wurschtiger Beiläufigkeit irgendwas in der Art von 'Natürlich (!)' ... 'Aber klar...' ... 'Selbstverständlich' ... antwortete (Genauen Wortlaut erinnere ich leider nicht mehr). Jedenfalls: Diese Szene brannte sich mir geradezu augenblicklich ein und ich bin sofort stehengeblieben - vorgebend irgendeine Auslage genauer in Augenschein zu nehmen - , um den Jungen zu beobachten. Und man konnte buchstäblich sehen wie es <b>im Gesicht des Jungen - vielleicht 3 Jahre alt - zu arbeiten begann, weil <i> er das absolut Widernatürliche der Antwort seines Vaters EMPFAND... </i> - aber natürlich altersgemäß in keinster Weise verarbeiten konnte.</b> In diesem Moment wäre ich am liebsten zu dem Vater gegangen und hätte <b>ihm rechts und links</b> bzw. vielleicht besser <b>zweimal links in die Fresse geschlagen</b>. Natürlich habe ich mich beherscht und ... bin einfach weiter gegangen, weil ... mir natürlich auch klar war, daß ich weder auf irgendeine moralische Unterstützung des zu diesem Zeitpunkt anwesenden KOnsumpöbels hoffen durfte noch um die für mich negativen Folgen einer Anzeige wegen Körperverletzung herumgekommen wäre. Aber ... es kochte in mir - ein weiterer Pflasterstein auf dem Weg meiner inhaltlich längst vollzogenen Trennung von dieser ... 'Gesellschaft' auch irgendwann - so Gott will - praktische Form geben zu können. Der Junge hat dann noch irgendeine Frage gestellt, weil er es ... einfach nicht glauben konnte, aber er ist jetzt natürlich erstmal versaut. Allerdings wird er in seinen jungen Erwachsenenjahren erneut mit dieser Problematik konfrontiert werden - und DANN wird er keine Antwort seines Vaters mehr benötigen - und ich hoffe, daß er zu genau der Antwort zu stehen in der Lage sein wird, die ihm sein Empfinden schon als Kleinkind in der entsprechenden Situation gegeben hatte - die er aber aufgrund der Gesamtsituation nicht gegen seinen liberal-toleranten Vater durchsetzen konnte.
          Listen Liberals, Russia is not our Enemy   
[+1] Discussion by gungasnake on 03/28/17 2:05 AM Replies: 51 Views: 918
Tags: Huffpo, Russia, Libtards
Last Post by oralloy on 04/11/17 10:42 PM
          Barcelona, ciutat de canòdroms i decadència de postguerra   
Foto: Arnim Schulz



[Actualitzat 10 de juliol de 2016]


La relació amb els canòdroms és generacional, molt semblant a com ho explicava Xavier Theros a l'article "Historias de perros veloces", que publicava a El País l'agost de 2011. És generacional perquè forma part del paisatge físic i emocional d'una determinada època. Canòdroms com el Pabellón del Deporte eren una relíquia del passat que ens posava en contacte amb la postguerra, amb els ambients que havien sobreviscuts al passat temporal i moral a la ciutat, entre la dècada de 1960 i principis de la de 1970, fins la desaparició dels tramvies. El Price, les Atracciones Apolo, el Caspolino del Paral·lel o els burots que encara quedaven dempeus; el Somorrostro, del qual el 2016 se'n celebra el 50 aniversari de l'enderrocament (1966), i que, com un espectacle del far west, es podia observar des del passeig Marítim que acabava bruscament a l'hospital del Mar; l'asil del Parc amb la immensa bassa d'aigua en el seu sostre... I si l'experiència es volia tenir a l'estómac, en una graneria de Collblanc podies comprar farines de garrofa i de guixes per fer farinetes, el plat per excel·lència dels anys de la gana.

D'altres espais han sobreviscut més temps i el record és més generalitzat, com els banys de la Barceloneta: Sant Sebastià, Sant Miquel, Orientals, Astilleros; llocs de record amable i familiar tot i que pels racons i les ombres s'hi amagava el misteri de la carn. L’aquàrium de l’Instituto de Investigaciones Pesqueras, les muscleres de l'escullera, les parades que s'instal·laven el diumenge al matí al passeig Nacional i els bulliciosos restaurants de la platja de la Barceloneta, a peu de sorra, olor de peix i bronzejador d'oli de coco.

Més selecte, a Sarrià hi havia Piscines i Sports, que va acollir campionats esportius escolars, olimpíades populars i tota mena d'activitats culturals, balls i revetlles. Durant els anys de la guerra va esdevenir un centre de reclutament. Durant la Dictadura va recuperar la seva funció com a centre privat de pràctica esportiva amb el nom espanyolitzat de Piscinas y Deportes.

També l'Avenida de la Luz (1940-1990), que va néixer com a modern carrer comercial subterrani però que els anys van convertir en un lloc trist i decadent; igual que el seu cinema i d'altres cinemes miserables com el Cine Mar, freqüentats per prostitutes i borratxos que hi buscaven sostre i refugi fins que arribés la nit. Les Termes Municipals de la plaça d'Espanya o els Baños Turcos del carrer Calàbria amb Sepúlveda també van veure com s'escrostonaven les seves parets i perdien la pàtina moderna dels seus primers dies.


El canòdrom Pabellón l'any 1989
Foto: Gustau Nacarino


Aquell imaginari infantil i adolescent ha acabat deixant un gust pels llocs decadents a la darrera generació que va viure el llum de gas i va veure els trens traient fum. Desaparegut el Price (1934-1973), el gran palau de la boxa i la lluita lliure (també espectacles de postguerra), el canòdrom del Pabellón del Deporte era, sens dubte, el que reflectia millor els temps de les cartilles de racionament i de l'autarquia amb la decadència dels llebrers, de la gent que freqüentava les curses i de les instal·lacions. Homes i dones d'edat indefinida i jubilats que hi passaven la tarda apostant, medrant i buscant companyia a les grades, o els més inquiets en els lavabos públics. Pels racons encara s'hi sentia l'olor de zotal, de puro ranci i colònia barata.


Plànol del Pabellón del Deporte


Construït l'any 1950 i enderrocat el 2001, les instal·lacions del Pabellón del Deporte, que a més de canòdrom (a partir de 1953) havien funcionat com a pista poliesportiva, quedaven amagades dins de l'interior de l'illa de cases de la Gran Via, Llança i Sepúlveda. Amb la construcció del Palau d'Esports de Montjuïc l'any 1955 per als Jocs del Mediterrani, el Pabellón va entrar ràpidament en decadència. Els anys 60 ja estava atrotinat, però quant més t'enfilaves per les grades superiors, les seves estructures de fusta protegides per barres de ferro oxidat, amb bancs de pedra, estaven més abandonades i feia més difícil creure que la gent havia omplert aquell palau a l'aire lliure per veure uns mundials de hoquei sobre patins, vetllades de boxa, bàsquet i ciclisme (s'hi compaginava la funció de velòdrom amb la de canòdrom, sobre el qual es muntaven les tribunes desmuntables de pista). L'any 1952 s'hi va fer l'espectacle Viena sobre hielo, però l'actuació inaugural es va haver de suspendre per la pluja. També va ser l'aigua la que va obligar a traslladar alguns partits del mundial d'hoquei patins de 1954 a la sala oval del Palau Nacional de Montjuïc. Podeu veure aquí les últimes imatges del Canòdrom Pabellón.


Canòdrom Meridiana


Un altre canòdrom està en la memòria recent dels barcelonins. El Meridiana (1963-2006), situat entre els carrers Ignasi de Ros, Pardo, Riera d'Horta i Concepció Arenal, havia de ser el Centre d'Art Contemporani, salvaguardant l'oval de la pista i l'edifici catalogat, dissenyat per Antoni Bonet i Josep Puig, però no va reeixir i ara sembla que es convertirà en Parc de Recerca Creativa. Malgrat la modernitat de les instal·lacions, l'ambient continuava tenint un cert aire decadent per l'espectacle i per una afició que com la dels bingos haurà acabat trobant altres formes d'oci.


© Fons Enric H. March


Potser també hi haurà qui recordi el canòdrom Diagonal (1962-1984), que es va dir Avenida fins 1979. Situat a la Diagonal al costat del Club de Polo, l'afició era tan gran que hi havia unes taquilles a l'avinguda de la Llum que en despatxava apostes, com ja ho havia fet d'altres canòdroms, que també havien venut butlletes en el Cafè Espanyol del Paral·lel. A manca d'hipòdrom (el de Barcelona era a Can Tunis i va subsistir entre 1883 i 1934), aquest canòdrom volia acollir un públic més selecte, per aquesta raó les instal·lacions comptaven amb una magnífica terrassa de 85 metres de llarg per 20 d'ample, amb unes graderies amb 72 llotges i un acollidor saló social que disposava de llar de foc, bar i restaurant, i oferia sessions nocturnes. Va tancar l'any 1984, però les ruïnes van ser presents uns quants anys fins les obres olímpiques. El banderí que il·lustra l'apunt el vaig rescatar d'entre la runa.


Una passió que neix durant la República

L'afició per les curses de llebres a Barcelona no és una novetat de la postguerra; no neix com una forma de circ per entretenir les masses i fer que oblidin els problemes socials i polítics derivats de la guerra i la repressió. Neix durant la República fruit d'una moda que s'havia estès per tot el món i d'un negoci extraordinari al voltant de les apostes, tot plegat afavorit per una liberalització de les formes i els costums que no hem de mirar amb els ulls d'avui. També havien estat habituals els espectacles de baralles de galls des de principis del segle XIX fins que es van prohibir l'any 1913, malgrat que van continuar de forma clandestina fins que durant la República van desaparèixer definitivament. La sensibilitat vers el patiment dels animals és relativament recent, com es fa palès amb les corrides de toros, que a Catalunya i les Illes Canàries estan prohibides però no a la resta d'Espanya ni a França.

Dèiem que l'afició naixia els anys 30, i potser el que sorprendrà als barcelonins és que a la ciutat hi hagi hagut vuit canòdroms. El blog Barcelofília ens ha anat oferint els apunt dedicats a aquestes instal·lacions i a Bereshit hem volgut sistematitzar i ordenar aquesta informació per tenir-ne una cronologia clara i enllaçarem cada canòdrom a les notes que ens aporta aquest blog dedicat a la Barcelona desapareguda.




El primer canòdrom de què tenim notícia és el Park (1932 -1951), rebatejat com Parque quan després de la Guerra Civil es van castellanitzar tots els noms estrangers, però que popularment era conegut com Sol de Baix, i estava situat on avui hi ha la plaça del mateix nom, sota la travessera de Les Corts, entre Carles III i Joan Güell, en uns terrenys adquirits pel FC Barcelona l'any 1926 i on van jugar les seccions d'atletisme, beisbol, basquet, rugbi i hoquei. A més de curses de llebrers també s'hi van fer competicions de cavalls trotons, de motocicletes dirt-track i a principis dels anys 40 la secció de ciclisme de la Unió Esportiva Sants hi va organitzar algunes proves ciclistes. Els terrenys van ser recomprats pel FC Barcelona quan es va construir el Camp Nou


Kennel Club


El segon canòdrom va ser Kennel Club (1934-1938), construït a la Torre Melina, al final de l'avinguda del 14 d'Abril (Diagonal), en els terrenys on després s'instal·laria el Reial Club de Polo.


Canòdrom Club Guinardó (1935)
Josep Brangulí (ANC)


El tercer va ser el Canòdrom Club Catalunya (1934-1936) del Guinardó, situat en el Torrent de Melis entre l'Hospital de Sant Pau i l'avinguda de la Mare de Déu de Montserrat. Acabada la guerra es va convertir el Campo de Deportes del Frente de Juventudes i posteriorment en el camp de futbol del Martinenc.


Publicitat de La Vanguardia anunciant la inauguració
del canòdrom del Guinardo el 28 de juny de 1935


El quart canòdrom va ser el Kennel de Sarrià (1935-1938), que després de l'aturada de la guerra es va dir Canódromo Barcelona (1940-1944). Estava situat en els terrenys de Can Ràbia a la carretera de Sàrria, on el Reial Polo Club tenia les seves instal·lacions abans de traslladar-se a l'avinguda 14 d'Abril (Diagonal). A Can Ràbia també hi havia Piscines i Sports, avui convertits en uns jardins amb terrasses, restaurants i cinemes.


Plànol del Canódrom Barcelona


El cinquè canòdrom va ser el del Pabellón del Deporte (1950-1999), que ja hem esmentat abans i del qual en podeu veure un magnífic reportatge fotogràfic dels seus darrer dies, fet per Josep Lluís Navarro Garrich.


Canòdrom Loreto (1959)
Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya

El sisè va ser el Loreto (1955-1962), situat entre els carrers Loreto, Bordeus i la carretera de Sarrià. L'any 1962 la Sociedad Galguera Loreto va vendre els terrenys a una immobiliària i va muntar unes noves instal·lacions a la Diagonal, al costat del Reial Club de Polo: el Canódromo Avenida.

El setè canòdrom va ser, doncs, aquest Avenida, després rebatejat Diagonal (1962-1984), i el vuité el Meridiana (1963-2006), dels quals ja n'hem parlat al principi de l'apunt.


Canòdrom Badalona
Foto: Facu Martínez


El 24 de setembre de 1935, La Vanguardia publicava que s'estaven fent gestions per construir un canòdrom a les instal·lacions del Resus Esportiu, que s'havia d'inaugurar el dia de Tots Sants del mateix any. No he trobat, però, cap notícia que certificqui que aquesta s'arribés a realitzar.

Entre els anys 60 i 80 del segle XX Catalunya tenia quatre dels disset canòdroms que funcionaven a Espanya. Al Pabellón, el Diagonal i el Meridiana caldria afegir el Canòdrom Badalona, actiu durant els anys 70 i 80 al barri de Can Claris, on avui hi ha el Pavelló Olímpic. Sense la possibilitat de mantenir l'única instal·lació que quedava, el Meridiana, a causa de la pujada d'impostos que la Generalitat va imposar a les apostes privades, la Federació Catalana de Llebrers, adscrita a la Unió de Federacions Esportives de Catalunya, es va dissoldre el 16 de novembre de 2007. Mai més es va tornar a sentir per megafonia l'avís "Dentro de breves momentos quedarán cerradas las taquillas para la venta de boletos".


Canòdrom Badalona
Foto: Victor Van Der Helm




Fragment de la pel·lícula Petit indi (2009), de Marc Recha, enregistrat al Canòdrom Meridiana. La pel·lícula va ser estrenada tres anys després de tancar el canòdrom, el 22 de febrer de 2006, però Recha el va fer reviure per immortalitzar-lo a la seva cinta.



          Pai de Rihanna confirma namoro da filha com magnata saudita   
Pai de Rihanna confirmou relacionamento da filha com bilionário (Foto: Instagram/Reprodução)

 

Desde que foram visto aos beijos em um hotel da Espanha, Rihanna e o magnata saudita Hassan Jameel não se desgrudaram mais. O casal seguiu viagem para Ibiza nesta quinta-feira (29) e muita gente ficou em dúvida se o relacionamento é para valer ou apenas um caso passageiro na vida de Riri, que ainda não falou sobre o assunto. Enquanto ela não se pronuncia, o pai da cantora, Ronald Fenty, já confirmou o namoro em entrevista ao The Sun.

Ronald disse que Rihanna contou para a família sobre o novo namorado há cerca de um mês e que o relacionamento é sério. “Um amigo me enviou no Facebook, uma foto deles se beijando na piscina, eu estava esperando alguém negro, de cor mais escura… Ele é muito alto. Ela já tinha me contado há cerca de um mês, mas eu ainda não sabia quem era".

 


O pai da cantora aconselhou a filha a não namorar artistas ou atletas. “Eles estão sempre cheios de coisas, não têm qualidade de vida e geralmente são bonitos, aí as mulheres caem em cima. Não sabia que ele era bilionário. Se é pouco ou muito dinheiro, não é o que importa. Ela precisa de algo além“, disse.

Ronald quer conhecer o genro e contou que quer ser vovô em breve (!!!!!!), mas aproveitou para avisar que a filha é muito independente e precisa de um homem liberal.


          A Very Truant Rose's Heavenly Cakes Bake-Through   
I signed up for the Rose's Heavenly Cakes bake-through because I figured, really, how hard can it be to bake a cake every two weeks? And it's not hard at all. Two cakes into it, it's fun. But life has been messing with my ability to blog about the baking. Hence, I'm two days late writing this.

But let's back up three days to last Sunday. Max, Tommy, and I went to the Haunted House at the Children's Museum. Tommy was a little listless. At lunch, I looked over and was alarmed to find his face pale, and his lips as colorless as his face. We headed for home where he watched some Thomas movies quietly and, while Phil occupied the other kids, I baked the Apple Upside Down Cake on this week's schedule.

With the cake safely out of the oven, I took Tom to Immediate Care where they determined he might be in the early stages of H1N1 and prescribed Tamiflu. Back home, undeterred, I whipped up the bourbon whipped cream for the cake, and Noah and Holly came over for our weekly Mad Men date. All four of us agreed the cake was spectacular. The fact that Tommy cried out for me, delusional and extremely sick, midway through my piece and during a climax on the show isn't important. What's important is that this is a really really really good cake.

Being new to the upside down cake world, I thought the process went like this:
  1. Cut up apples and put them in the pan.
  2. Mix up cake batter and pour over.
  3. Bake and enjoy.
This one's slightly more labor-intensive, although well worth the effort. It would have been a bit of a pain if Sylvie had been in the kitchen clinging to my legs, but Phil had her outside playing some form of toddler baseball, so I enjoyed my kitchen time. Here's what I did:
  1. Peel and cut up the apples and let macerate in lemon juice and brown sugar for 30 to 90 minutes.
  2. Melt some butter and pour some into the pan to grease the pan. To the remaining melted butter, add the juice from the macerating apples and more brown sugar, and bring to a boil. Then let this bubble and simmer for a while until it becomes a deep golden brown. Pour this into the pan.
  3. Add the apples to the pan, trying to make a pretty and even pattern.
  4. Mix up cake batter and pour over.
  5. Bake and enjoy.

The final step before eating is to whir up some whipped cream with a tablespoon of bourbon to make a (we found) rather boozy foil for the sweet cake. The whole package really was magnificent.

A couple things to note:

  • I baked this in a silicone pan that was regifted to me. I'm beside myself in love with silicone now. A co-worker read my Barcelona Brownie entry and brought me some silicone pans she'd received as a gift that she felt were just cluttering her kitchen. If you haven't baked with silicone, run to your nearest Target and get some. Seriously. Nothing sticks to this. In fact, when I unmolded the cake I was slightly off-center on the serving plate and had no second chance to make it right as the cake slide right out immediately.
  • I eyeballed the bourbon going into the whipped cream, and might have overshot. The cream tasted extremely boozy. Next time I'll be measuring. Although I do have to say bourbony cream seems perfect for enjoying during Mad Men, even if most bourbon on that show is enjoyed liberally during the workday.
  • I used a cake tester to see if the cake was ready, but didn't stick it in the center of the cake. My bad. The center wasn't cooked through. In fact, after the first night, I scooped out the center so that it wouldn't go rancid and spoil the rest of the cake.
  • Rose suggests baking this in the pan on a pizza or baking stone to better caramelize the caramel sauce. I didn't, but I'm going to try this next time.
  • Tommy was very sick and delusional Sunday night, and when he called desperately for me mid-cake, I was a bad enough mom to weigh whether it seemed he needed me immediately, or if I could just finish my cake first. It's that good.

I never got a chance to have a second piece of this masterpiece; Phil ate big hunks of it the next couple nights until it was gone. Which just means I'm going to have to make another. Soon. I'm hoping this next time will be on a night when Tommy doesn't projectile vomit on me, as it delays my getting back to my cake. Just sayin'.


          Defence minister extends Iraq military mission by two years and praises sniper’s long-range kill   

The Liberal government has extended Canada’s Iraq mission by another two years, an acknowledgement of the work yet ahead to defeat Daesh and train Iraqi forces.
          Tokyo Election Comes at a Rough Time for Abe   

Tired of the seemingly endless political drama in the US and Europe?  Try Japan.  Tokyo's metropolitan 127-seat Assembly is up for election on July 2. 

 It could not come at a worse time for Prime Minister Abe and his Liberal Democrat Party.  In some ways, Abe and the LDP are victims of their own success.  Recall that previously, there had seemed to be an almost revolving door at the head of government when the DPJ held the reins.  Abe is completing his second term, and the price of such political stability is corruption--several scandals and accusations of misconduct. 

On top of this, there has been some backlash against the way that the LDP has pushed through legislation.  Some of the legislation is controversial, as the recent conspiracy measure, and the method of passage was critical for being harsh.     The net result has been an erosion of support for the LDP-led government. 

Tokyo is such a large and important city; it has a governor rather than a mayor.  The current governor of Tokyo is a Yuriko Koike, who previously in the LDP, though not part of the inner clique, and recently bolted to taking the helm of a new Japanese political party, Tomin First no Kai (Tokyoites First), is popular and is seenas a potential successor of Abe.  Although her handling of the fish market (Tsukiji) relocation disappointed many, according to reports, her popularity remains strong.   The mayoral candidate she backed in Chiyoda won recently.  Currently, the party has six seats in the assembly and is projected to increase its representation toward 40-45 seats. 

Governor Koike's power base will grow not only because her party will be more represented, but also because it has peeled off the Komeito Party that is in a coalition with the LDP in the national government. 
Komeito has 22 seats in the current AssemblyTomin First, Komeito, and a handful of independents may be sufficient to provide a slim majority in the assembly. 

The big losers may be the LDP (57 seats in current assembly) and the DPJ (7 seats).  Reports suggest that after the Tokyo election, the DPJ may shuffle its leadership. However, it is the LDP that appears most at risk.  A reformist party governs Osaka, and a victory for Tomin First in Tokyo would be a significant blow for the LDP and Abe.     A defeat for the LDP could have far-reaching implications for policy going forward, ahead of the national parliamentary election late next year.

A loss of Tokyo for the LDP could initially weigh on Japanese equities and lift the yen.  Equity losses may be modest and short-lived as the BOJ may have pulled back on its purchases of JGBs, but it continues to buy ETFs apparently on weakness.  On the other hand,  Prime Minister Abe has demonstrated a willingness to increase fiscal stimulus. Japan.'s budget deficit last year was 5.7% of GDP.  This year's shortfall is expected to be 4.8% of GDP.  Sagging support a year ago appeared to encourage Abe to announce a JPY28 trillion economic package.  Lo and behold, Abe's approval rating recovered. 

However, the BOJ has moved away from buying JPY80 trillion of government bonds a year and now targets the 10-year yield (+/- 10 bp on either side of zero).  Fiscal stimulus may make the BOJ's strategy more difficult to implement.   Abe has taken advantage of the better growth Japan is enjoying to push for his political agenda which includes changes to the pacifist constitution to complement the recent reinterpretation.

Last year, the LDP changed their rules to allow a candidate (Abe) to head the party for three terms rather than two.  As head of the LDP, Abe would remain prime minister after next year's election, assuming the LDP wins.   There does not appear to be another candidate in the LDP that is positioning to challenge Abe next year.  And, frankly, there does not seem to be an alternative economic program to "Abenomics" which seems like the same traditional LDP medicine (but on steroids).  It includes fiscal and monetary expansion, desire for a weaker yen, and some reforms that at the end of the day (or term) have not changed the macro-fundamentals very much.  





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          Comment on Friday News: “Donald Trump is not well”; “Understanding Republican Cruelty”; TMac Tells Trump Voter Suppression Group to Buzz Off by Southern Liberal   
Glad to hear that Greta's gone bye bye. Andrew Lack needs to depart for Fox if he is so hyped with plans for conservative programing. He can take along his recent conservative talkers with him.
          Comment on Open Forum: July 1, 2017 by OldOzzie   
<strong>Senile Old Guy</strong> #2428487, posted on July 1, 2017 at 10:00 am <strong>That piece on Turnbull is gold, comedy gold.</strong> <em>Malcolm Turnbull has taken a veiled swipe at Tony Abbott, writing in a column that it is time for builders “not wreckers”. Says the man who spent the entire time Abbott was PM, leaking and wrecking.</em> More from the comments Kathy 42 MINUTES AGO <strong>Tony Abbott is a builder, Turnbull is a wrecker and nothing can change that.</strong> Turnbull has to go and the Liberals have lost my vote as long as Turnbull and his wreckers are there. Swee 45 MINUTES AGO <strong>If it is a time for builders, Turnbull should get out of the way.</strong>
          Professor: Don’t blame ‘liberals’ for suppressing speech on campus   

"...liberal professors play far less of a role in these incidents than a group we might refer to as the 'radical left.'"

The post Professor: Don’t blame ‘liberals’ for suppressing speech on campus appeared first on Hot Air.


          Comment on Open Forum: July 1, 2017 by OldOzzie   
<a href="http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/inquirer/liberals-under-turnbull-have-elevated-politicking-over-policy/news-story/b91f94942f8ef291b74c56f8544b7534" rel="nofollow">Liberals under Turnbull have elevated politicking over policy</a> <em>How did it come to this for the Coalition? And what is the way forward? At heart, the answer is quite simple but the complexities of personalities and politicking have complicated the descent and will hinder any recovery. Elected in a landslide just four years ago, the Liberals have ­frittered their mandate, undermined public confidence, failed on the most important task of budget repair and gone some way to ­making a Shorten Labor government inevitable. Linking poor policy, clumsy politics and susceptibility to personality-driven leadership solutions is straight-talking — or rather the lack of it. As George ­Orwell explained better than anyone, the retreat from direct language in politics is a symptom and a cause of muddled thinking. We cannot think with clarity if we don’t speak plainly, and vice versa. The Liberals have fallen into the leftist whirlpool of spin. They have succumbed to what is poison for the centre-right — fashion. Tempted to endear themselves to the progressives of the media/political class, they have forgotten their core value, the primacy of good sense over superficial appeal. Like the inch-deep state Labor model that Kevin Rudd took to Canberra, they have elevated ­politicking over policy substance. This has manifested itself in meaningless rhetoric, aimless positioning and an obvious lack of policy coherence. Superficial language has encouraged superficial policy, and vice versa. The damage is anything but superficial. It is substantive and long term — for the party and the nation. On climate, energy, education and fiscal repair the Liberals have surrendered policy strength and differentiation. Nods to fashion have them almost indistinguishable in practical terms from what is now a deeply green-left ALP. As we contemplate the prospect of a Shorten-Di Natale government that would deliver higher taxes, deeper deficits, more debt and higher power prices, we need to comprehend that this is precisely the formula that has been delivered so far by the Coalition. The difference is only in degree. Perhaps the only clear policy contrast is the extent of accountability for unions. It should have been impossible for a Coalition government to drift down this path. The Liberals have not been prepared to speak simple truths; to argue unpalatable facts. (Let’s leave the Nationals out of this for now because they have been largely innocent spectators as their Coalition partners have fallen into dysfunction.) There are pivotal aspects of important national debates that are obvious to any well-informed voter or self-evident to the common sense of mainstream Australians but are never mentioned in direct terms by Liberal politicians. The only people who seem to be prepared to say what they think are political outliers such as Pauline Hanson; she is prone to wade in without nuance or factual ballast yet still wins a political dividend just for engaging on the tough issues. The debate, otherwise, is constrained like a polite dinner party within invisibly delineated, politically correct boundaries set by the media/political class Take climate policy. No Liberal politicians, much less those in cabinet, will even discuss modelling and observations on global warming, preferring to inoculate themselves from leftist attacks by repeating meaningless mantras about “believing” in climate change. You may as well say you believe in tides. The dinner table debate on ­climate assumes two enduring myths: that scientific research has settled on a climate trajectory; and that Australia’s emissions reductions will make a difference. So it is all about how we cut emissions. Significant developments such as the publication in Nature Geo­science this month of a paper by Benjamin Santer and others (including Michael E. Mann) on differences between modelling and measured warming are ignored. “Over most of the early 21st century, however, model tropospheric warming is substantially larger than observed,” these pre-eminent scientists found. “We conclude that model overestimation of tropospheric warming in the early 21st century is partly due to systemic deficiencies in some of the post-2000 external forcings used in mode simulations.” Hold the presses. They are ­admitting warming is not as bad as they predicted. And they don’t ­really know why — so much for the science being settled. Given that politicians are at the forefront of emissions reduction, renewable energy and taxation policies designed to reduce global warming, they should be engaged in discussing crucial facts about the problem they claim to be ­solving. Voters may just be interested. Even if, for argument’s sake, we accept the most alarmist forecasts we still hear no politicians addressing the manifest futility of our policy responses. We are told to accept the world’s most expensive electricity at diminished reliability to meet non-enforceable emissions reductions targets that are ignored or not even set by many nations and cannot make the slightest difference to the global environment because they are being dwarfed by much larger increases in emissions overseas. Few things could be more important to the economy and national debate of this energy-rich nation; yet this element of debate is studiously ignored by Liberals — presumably for fear of attracting the opprobrium of the media/political class. Tony Abbott speaks plainly about it now, only after ­losing the prime ministership. Likewise in education, Liberals do not point out that all the available evidence suggests increased expenditure will not improve our declining standards. Instead, they will borrow and spend an extra $23.5 billion and claim virtue ­because this is less reckless than Labor’s goal. On fiscal repair, the Liberals ­accept what the parliament may allow, effectively offering a budget veto to Labor, Greens and crossbench senators. Cold arithmetic dictates what can pass the Senate but where is the advocacy for more reform and less spending? The Liberals under Abbott and Malcolm Turnbull invented new taxes, directly contradicting their narrative and ideological wellspring. They broke promises. Plain speaking gave way to weasel words as they tried to compete with Labor’s disingenuous “fairness” argument. This week Abbott spoke clearly about the financial and strategic madness of buying inferior submarines at a higher cost with longer delays when better, more cost-effective and timely nuclear options are available. Again, this clarity clashed with his language and actions as prime minister, highlighting how the hidden inhibitions of power seem to undermine logical decision-making and unvarnished arguments. To revive their fortunes and defeat Labor, the Liberals must get back to their roots of rational and pragmatic policy based on frank and honest debate. This is their foundation. This conviction came to me in adulthood, as it does for many, after a misspent youth of ideological delusion. Writing in Quadrant this month my News Corp colleague Tim Blair explained his centre-right conversion in perceptively blunt terms. “The best part of adopting conservatism after years of leftism, by the way, is how much easier life becomes,” he concluded. “If you’re a conservative, facts are generally all you need to establish a case or mount an argument. If you’re a leftist, however, you always have to find a way around the facts, which is why combative lefties always sound like lawyers knowingly representing a guilty client.” Here lies the secret of the ­Coalition’s present disarray and future revival. They’ve forgotten first principles and need to examine facts, debate practical solutions and fight to deliver them. Compromise will always have its way but they might start with conviction instead of guardedness, and give us clarity before endless subclauses. Orwell argued that just as our language becomes “ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish” so too does the “slovenliness of our language” make it easier for us to entertain foolish thoughts. Damn straight.</em>
          Wrestling’s new greatest villain: “The Progressive Liberal”   

"I told the crowd I was there to confiscate their guns."

The post Wrestling’s new greatest villain: “The Progressive Liberal” appeared first on Hot Air.


          A sad anniversary and the Liberal’s Fair Drowning Plan   
It has now been more than 12 years that the proponent has been pursuing constructing a hydro-electric generating station at the Bala falls. In those 12 years all they’ve been able to do is cut down some trees and put up a chain-link fence. The proponent still does not have the construction approvals needed from; [...]
          Aprende a ligar con chicas de Estados Unidos   

En Agregame hay muchas chicas de Estados Unidos con las que poder contactar, hacer amistad e incluso ligar. Si te gustan las chicas de Estados Unidos, te atrae su cultura y folclore, así como su forma de ser, te proporcionamos una serie de consejos para ligar con ellas. Puedes empezar utilizando el Whats App o el chat gratis y, con el tiempo, buscar una cita física en la que intimar definitivamente: En primer lugar, has de saber que las chicas de Estados Unidos se caracterizan, por lo general, por una ideología liberal, que se plasma en todos los aspectos de

La entrada Aprende a ligar con chicas de Estados Unidos aparece primero en Agregame.


          Re: Best of the Triangle 2017 Voting Results - Eat & Drink   
Cat,

I'm not throwing anyone under the bus.

What I'm saying should be obvious: the privileged white dudebros who own Luna and are engaging in racism against people of color and are using their liberal politics as a shield from criticism.

The Indy food editor basically admitted this . . .
Posted by Jesus Vasquez
          Hon får dödshot för sin liberala moské   
Advokaten och feministen Seyran Ates kände sig inte hemma i någon av Berlins moskéer och startade en egen. I Berlins första liberala moské ber män och kvinnor tillsammans och profeten Muhammed tål att kritiseras. Det sker till priset av ständiga dödshot, polisbeskydd och en fatwa.
          BWW Review: Roy Horowitz in MY FIRST SONY and THE TIMEKEEPERS at Cleveland Israel Arts Connection In Collaboration With Dobama   

It is the purpose of the Cleveland Israel Arts Connection, a program of the Jewish Federation of Cleveland, to share the beauty of Israel, deepen Jewish identity, and explore the human condition. This is done by presenting programs of dance, film, music, literature, the visual arts and theater.

Cleveland Israel Arts Connection's next offering, in collaboration with Dobama, will be two-one act plays starring Roy Horovitz, performed on the stage at Dobama Theatre from July 13 through 16.

Horovitz, and excellence in Israeli theatre, have been become synonymous based on his work with Habima, the National Theatre of Israel, and his many appearances in the United States. He was named "Best Actor" at the International Children and Youth Festival twice and "Best Director" at Cameri Theatre of Tel-Aviv.

The program will consist of "My First Sony," a comedy based on an Israeli book of the same name, which centers on eleven-year old Yotam (Horovitz) who is obsessed with documentation, and records his family and their many conflicts on his tape recorder. The boy finds himself trying to make sense of his world as it crumbled around him, which gives a glimpse of Israeli life not found in the headlines.

"The Timekeepers," the other one-act on the program, is a script by American writer, Dan Clancy, that caught on in Israel and has since toured the world in Hebrew and English versions.

The play gives a different view of the Holocaust. It tells the story of a conservative elderly Jewish watchmaker and Hans, an outrageous gay German man imprisoned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp during World War II. The duo is assigned to repair watches for their Nazi overlords. As they work together, suspicion, prejudice and indifference slowly give way to a touching friendship.

Israel, in spite of its orthodox underpinnings, is the most gay-friendly nation in the Middle East. Gays and lesbians are integrated in all levels of society from politics to business to the military. Tel Aviv Gay Pride, attended by 200,000 participants in 2016, is a week-long series of events and is considered by many to be a national holiday.

Horovitz, an out gay man, has benefited from that liberal attitude. He has performed "The Timekeepers" at Out-In-Israel, as well as at Gay Pride celebrations in the United States.

Horovitz thinks "the play conveys the full spectrum of human emotions, despite its grim setting." He's "pleased how the play shows that the pink triangle was worn side by side with the yellow star during the Holocaust."

Horovitz says," I simply love playing Hans." His favorite moment in the play is the ending scene, "when we come to learn that there is so much more to him than meets the eye. I hope it will be a reminder to keep our humanity and sense of humor, even in the darkest times and against all odds."

"I never knew a play that mentions the gay holocaust," Horovitz said. "I thought it was important to remind people there were other minorities in the Holocaust." (Side note: Martin Sherman's "Bent," which will be performed by Beck Center next June, is another play about homosexuality from that era. It follows a group of gay men finding ways to survive Nazi persecution of homosexuals.)

Both "My First Sony" and "The Timkeepers" will be performed in English.

Cleveland Israel Arts Connection is co-chaired by philanthropist Roe Green and Erica Hartman-Horvitz. Green stated, "We are thrilled to bring a world-class Israeli artist to town to perform."

The appearance of Roy Horovitz is the first collaboration between Dobama and the Cleveland Israel Arts Connection, which will be followed up in the summer of 2018 with a production of "On The Grill" by Dror Keren. That script finds the author revisiting the landscape of his childhood, in the Jezreel Valley, evoking, like the last flickering embers of a fire, a way of life that has all but disappeared from Israeli culture: the kibbutz.

What: "An Evening with Roy Horovitz" @ Dobama Theatre, 2340 Lee Road, Cleveland Heights on July 13 (7:30 pm, 14 (8 pm), 15 (8 pm), 16 (2:30 pm). Tickets: $30 for general admission, $25 for Dobama members. To purchase tickets, visit Dobama.org or call 216-932-3396. For information on the Cleveland Israel Arts Connection, visit jewishcleveland.org


          What Hong Kong can teach China   
WHEN Britain handed Hong Kong back to China 20 years ago, many politicians in the West suspended disbelief. Here was a prosperous society, deeply imbued with liberal values, being taken over by a coun ... - Source: www.economist.com
          How Is The New NRA Ad Any Different?   
The NRA put out a recruitment ad in April that is suddenly going viral, and a lot a of people are concerned about its message that basically says the only way to prevent liberals from taking over is to buy a gun — lots of them — and backed it up with images that evoke […]
          Los TLC, pieza angular del orden neoliberal   
Paul Walder A finales de mayo, distintos actores y organizaciones pertenecientes a la Plataforma Chile Mejor sin TPP hicieron circular por las redes...

[Esto es un resumen. Visita la Web para la nota completa y más!]

          To love and to serve   
Liberals sometimes express their ideal as being the individual pursuit of happiness. But such a pursuit is likely to leave many people feeling uncommitted in life, as if they were merely treading water rather than plunging in. Perhaps that's because humans have a powerful impulse to love and to serve, so much so that this is felt to be one necessary part of a truly committed and meaningful life.

I don't think we can ignore this impulse to love and to serve, as it is an aspect of life that needs to be carefully ordered. It very easily goes wrong.

With men, the easiest focus of this impulse is to love and to serve a wife. The service here is not to something intangible, but to a person who is real and immediate, and who draws love not only by her own individual feminine attractiveness, but by a man associating her with a perceived feminine essence of beauty and goodness. A man feels elevated in his own feelings when making this kind of commitment, particularly as in doing so he draws on, and exercises, his own stronger masculine qualities.

So how does this go wrong? You get a hint of the problem from what went wrong in the Middle Ages. The literary tradition of courtly love was about men becoming lovesick for a noblewoman and pledging their service to them as a way of winning the lady's love. The men were expected to grovel and abase themselves as part of the process. The outcome depended on the whim of the lady - she held the upper hand throughout.

A commitment to serve can be thought to give power to the person being served. In modern marriage, this can mean that a man's willingness to commit to marriage and to work to provide for his wife and children can be perceived by the woman to make him "beta" - and therefore sexually unattractive, making for a less than happy outcome for both husband and wife.

The solution? One part of the solution, in my opinion, is for men to have other outlets for the "love and service" impulse and not to rest everything on the marital relationship. A man can love and serve God, his nation/people/country, and his local place/community. Saint Thomas Aquinas thought that the focus on the larger communal life, in being oriented to the common good, was the highest natural fulfilment of men:
Whereas the residents of the village better serve their individual interests, the goal of the political community becomes the good of the whole, or the common good, which Aquinas claims (following Aristotle) is "better and more divine than the good of the individual." (Commentary on the Politics, Book 1, Lesson 1 [11]). The political community is thus understood as the first community (larger than the family) for which the individual makes great sacrifices, since it is not merely a larger cooperative venture for mutual economic benefit. It is, rather, the social setting in which man truly finds his highest natural fulfilment. In this sense, the political community, even though not directed to the individual good, better serves the individual by promoting a life of virtue in which human existence can be greatly ennobled.

The further advantage to a man of dedicating part of his life to the larger community he belongs to, is that it practically repudiates the impression that he is merely a servant to his wife.

However, for this to work, it needs to be built into the social arrangements. Despite not finding "servant men" sexually attractive, women still tend to jealously guard their monopoly over men's time and resources. It's difficult to ask a solitary man to break through this alone; better if it is normal within a society for men to spend part of the week doing church activities, or contributing to some sort of cultural or political organisation.

And what of marriage itself? It's common for men to think that women will appreciate the sacrifices they make by going out to work to provide money for their wives and children. But women are strangely unaffected by this. In a woman's mind, this is just something that men do. Maybe this is women not wanting to think that their husbands are doing "servant" work as this would make the husband unattractive. Or maybe it reflects the long human prehistory when men went out to hunt, leaving women's minds focused on their relationships with other women and with children.

Sacrificing as a breadwinner does not rebalance the marital relationship. It might be thought that the solution then is for women to also love and serve their husbands. It's true that this would help. It also seems to be true that Western culture used to encourage women to do this: think of the advice to wives to cook something nice for their husbands, or to give him a warm and welcome environment for him to return to after work.

On the other hand, women are more likely to be focused on a "love and serve" relationship with their children rather than their husband. It's noticeable that a husband's love for his wife is likely to be constant, as you would expect when someone makes a commitment to love and to serve. Similarly, a mother's love for her children is also usually constant. But a wife's love for her husband is likely to be inconstant - a woman might even say things to her husband such as "I don't even like you right now".

What would help most is if the roles of husband and father had more power, authority and prestige associated with them. Then a man could love and serve his wife and children without the negative implication that he was thereby submitting to his wife, rather than leading in a masculine way.

But this cannot be a pretend role, a role that we pay lip service to, whilst the same old dynamic continues on as before. A husband has to be trusted to exercise real authority within his family and he should not be undermined by family laws which make it extraordinarily easy for his wife to strip him of children, home and income.

We could decisively reject some of the egalitarian ethos. My own father used to sit at the head of the table; be served first; and read family prayers. The point of this is not power for its own sake, but to embed the dignity of the office itself - which is necessary for a system of marriage to work. It is a pushing back against the strong forces eroding a man's position in the family, including a wife's perception that her husband is there to serve her and is therefore lowlier than her, and that she is in the position to easily control him, which kills her respect and passion for him.
          Credit to Bolt   
Andrew Bolt is the most prominent right-wing journalist here in Australia. He has a large audience, writing for the Herald Sun newspaper and hosting a pay TV commentary show.

He is not a traditionalist but a kind of right-liberal. This is most obvious in his attitude to communal identity. He has written that he considers himself Australian but only reluctantly:
Yet even now I fret about how even nationality can divide us.

To be frank, I consider myself first of all an individual, and wish we could all deal with each other like that. No ethnicity. No nationality. No race. Certainly no divide that's a mere accident of birth.

Liberals want us to be self-determined, therefore something that is predetermined like our ethnicity becomes something negative for the individual to be liberated from. That's why Andrew Bolt once declared his support for:
The humanist idea that we are all individuals, free to make our own identities as equal members of the human race.

And he is intellectual enough to take this liberal principle to its logical conclusion, namely that we should only identify with our own self. He writes about how he once tried to identify with his Dutch ancestry but rejected this because:
I was borrowing a group identity rather than asserting my own. Andrew Bolt's.

You would think, given this dramatic adherence to liberal principles, that Andrew Bolt would not be of great interest for traditionalists in Australia. Yet because he has a courageous personality he raises issues that many others will not. Last week he wrote one of the best newspaper columns I have ever read in the Australian mainstream media. The first part dealt with a physical attack on him launched by two members of the Melbourne antifa. You can see footage of the attack in the video below:



Bolt defended himself remarkably well and he wasn't backing down when he wrote about the incident in his column:
TO ALL those who called me with sympathy for being attacked on Tuesday by masked protesters: stop it.

Sympathy is for losers. And we must be losers no more.

So I want your high-fives instead. I want you to laugh at the CCTV footage of the haymaker I gave one of the three men who jumped me and blinded me with a thick liquid outside a Carlton book launch I was to speak at.

Their sort has ruled the streets for too long, particularly in Melbourne.

The main part of his column was a strong argument to close the borders to avoid the terror threat. It's worth reading in full, but here are some highlights:
But did Khayre’s rampage finally shock our politicians into admitting the truth?

Did they finally concede they’d run a refugee program that put Australians in danger?

As if. Here is the response of Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull: “There are some very, very grave questions … How was this man on parole?”

Wrong. The gravest question of all is actually this: why was this jihadist in Australia in the first place?

Why did our politicians let in Khayre and hundreds, even thousands, of people much like him?

Stop blaming the judges and the police and everyone except the damn politicians who have opened our gates to exactly the mayhem they now pretend to tackle. Our politicians have been wilfully, dangerously, recklessly blind to the danger they’ve imported in their narcissistic urge to seem kind, no matter what the cost to the rest of us.

...So why are we running a refugee program that again and again puts Australians in danger? That brings in terror?

Wouldn’t it be both safer and cheaper to help refugees where they are right now — overseas — rather than pay millions to bring over a lucky few and cross our fingers they’ll fit in?



          Professor's "solution" for white working-class American communities   
Justin Gest thinks he has a kindly solution for the plight of white working-class American communities. It's to make their passing "as comfortable as possible".

It's noteworthy that he won't even consider the option that these communities might have a future. He talks as if some inevitable, agentless force of history were putting these communities on a "path to death" rather than the specific policies of their own government.

There is a "no future clause" built into liberal modernity that academics like Justin Gest are happy to embrace:


          Unhinged liberal parenting   
Let's say that you're a liberal and you believe that the highest good is a freedom to be self-defining. What does that mean for how you parent?

In a previous post Mark Moncrieff (of Upon Hope) observed that,
I think the most important word here is the word "raise", children need to be raised. But "being free to be whoever they want to be" implies that children can raise themselves.

It's a good insight and led me to respond as follows:
That's a good way of putting it. And you can imagine why this is so. If you are a liberal and you think that there are no objectives purposes in life and that people should just "be themselves" however they see fit, then there is little purpose to parenting your child - there is nothing definite to raise them toward. Parenting just comes to mean accepting unconditionally. Not imposing anything. Giving the child confidence to "be anything you care to be". The parents are just there to ferry the child around as a kind of support crew, rather than transmitting culture, identity, purpose, wisdom, values.

As it happens a news item appeared last week to illustrate concretely how this works. A Canadian mother is raising her son to be gender fluid. Look at how she explains her decision:
I want my son to grow up knowing he has a voice. Grow up knowing he can do and be ANYTHING he wants to be in this world.

Because I am the parent he needs me to be, he knows ... That me and his father will love him without fail.

Some days he says he wants to be a girl with a vagina and we simply tell him, “When you’re an adult, you can certainly make the decision to change to that if you wish”. ...We support our child in whoever they are and look forward to seeing how their gender expression manifests as they age.

Here we have the logic of liberal parenting set out openly. First, the belief that the highest principle is one of being self-determined or self-defined, as when she says that she wants her son to "Grow up knowing he can do and be ANYTHING he wants to be in this world."

This leads her to the idea that her role is not to interfere with who the child becomes, but instead to take the "support crew" role ("We support our child in whoever they are").

The assumption is that the child will become "the best version of themselves" by himself alone; that he will, in Mark Moncrieff's words, raise himself while his parents look on with interest.

One final point. The father is partly at fault here. Mothers have an instinct to give unconditional love to their children, fathers have a stronger instinct to socialise their sons toward a successful manhood. The father in this case is not even trying.

Father and son

          Wentworth Miller on race   
Wentworth Miller is a British-American actor. He is a bit of everything when it comes to race, to the point that he has described himself as a racial Lone Ranger. He has also described himself as being caught between two communities, black and white. He seems to realise the disadvantage of his position in the following quote:



What he says about race is even more true for ethny - for a group of people connected not only by kinship but also by a shared history, language, culture and religion.

It's one of those aspects of life that liberalism is dissolving - at least for Westerners. It is a loss of one of the rewarding and inspiring experiences of human community and identity.
          Modern Family   
In my last post I criticised Sarah Vine for suggesting that the freedom of Western girls to "be whoever" is what defines the West.

It led to a brief discussion on parenting which clarified for me one of the problems we face. Mark Moncrieff (of Upon Hope) commented that:
I think the most important word here is the word "raise", children need to be raised. But "being free to be whoever they want to be" implies that children can raise themselves.

Which led to my own (disjointed) comment in reply:
That's a good way of putting it. And you can imagine why this is so. If you are a liberal and you think that there are no objectives purposes in life and that people should just "be themselves" however they see fit, then there is little purpose to parenting your child - there is nothing definite to raise them toward. Parenting just comes to mean accepting unconditionally. Not imposing anything. Giving the child confidence to "be anything you care to be". The parents are just there to ferry the child around as a kind of support crew, rather than transmitting culture, identity, purpose, wisdom, values.

This is not the only reason why the traditional role of the parent has been undermined. It's more difficult now for parents to set the tone within the family home, given the arrival of portable, wi-fi devices (at least 20 years ago you could simply change the TV channel). But 20 years ago, many middle-class parents were happy enough if their children were raised for the purposes of educational qualifications and career, and so the traditional role of parents in socialising their children was largely left to schools.

This is clearly one issue where it is not enough to be "conservative" (in the sense of conserving the good in society) - we have to be restorationist. We have to restore an older understanding of the parental role, which means giving parents confidence that transmitting ideals of character, of natural sex roles, of identity and loyalty, and of life wisdom are significant to the development and the future well-being of their children.
          What are we defending?   
The Western political class is still responding dismally to terror attacks, such as the one perpetrated on young people in Manchester.

I want to focus on one response in particular, by Sarah Vine in the Daily Mail. Sarah Vine is the wife of a leading Conservative Party politician, Michael Gove. They both support Brexit and might be thought of as "establishment conservative" types.

Sarah Vine reacted to the terror attack this way:



So what we are defending, against the terrorists, is Western girls' freedom to be whoever they want to be. That is how Sarah Vine sees things.

She writes:
...this was not just a cowardly attack on innocent civilians by a blackened heart, this was specifically an attack on our girls — all of them.

Our young, beautiful, free, crazy girls — and their right to live life as they choose.

...Young women enjoying themselves, expressing themselves, being free to be whoever they want to be. Indulgent mums accompanying them, willing to endure an evening of pop hell in the interests of family harmony.

All this is anathema to Islamist fanatics, for whom notions such as sexual equality and female emancipation are an offence.

Sarah Vine is giving us a choice here between Islamic terrorists or "liberated" Western women who are free to do whatever they want. To put this another way, she is defining the West in terms of the liberal value of individual autonomy - a freedom of the individual to self-define or self-determine or self-constitute.

The problems with this approach leap out at you. First, if the great thing is to be whoever you want to be, then the value of a stable, given identity, such as being English, falls in significance. Therefore, the path is made clear for an open-bordered, diverse society in which the population no longer has a shared, long-standing common identity and loyalty to each other. And so you end up living amongst people who hate you and your way of life and wish violence upon you. Being whoever you want to be as an atomised individual leaves you vulnerable to attack - in the long run the terrorists win.

The "be whoever" attitude also fails the girls themselves. Sarah Vine describes quite well the behaviour of young teenage girls:
Girls this age are a special kind of crazy — a wonderful, maddening, mystifying mix of emotions.

One minute they’re trying to persuade you that wearing fishnet tights under a pair of ripped jeans is a perfectly acceptable ensemble for a trip to church, the next they’re in floods of tears because they’ve lost their hamster.

They are a mass of contradictions: monosyllabic, moody and manipulative, but also gentle and loving, as capable of throwing their arms around you in a heart-stopping embrace as they are of telling you they hate you.

If you leave these 14-year-olds to be whoever they want to be you are going to end up with dysfunctional adult women. These girls need their parents to raise them within a strong moral framework which will help to form a good character and encourage wise life choices.

What you don't want is 20-something women who are still a mass of contradictions and a special kind of crazy. Women like this tear apart men and tear down a culture of family life. And they don't inspire young men to want to defend them or, for that matter, the larger society. So, again, in the long run the terrorists win.

Saying "be whoever you want to be" implies that there is nothing strong or wise or virtuous or true that people can aspire to be. It implies that there is no natural telos to being a man or a woman. It suggests that there is no higher character type that we can lift ourselves toward as Englishmen or Australians or Canadians.

A liberal "freedom as radical individual autonomy" just doesn't work as the basis for a civilisation. Sarah Vine believes that we are defending it against the terrorists, but the urgent need is to return to the higher values that existed before liberalism became so dominant in the West.
          What do Chinese net users think of the white left?   
If a Chinese net user wants to insult their opponent they are likely to use the derogatory term baizuo which means "white left." What do they mean by this?

According to one source:
baizuo is used generally to describe those who “only care about topics such as immigration, minorities, LGBT and the environment” and “have no sense of real problems in the real world”; they are hypocritical humanitarians who advocate for peace and equality only to “satisfy their own feeling of moral superiority”; they are “obsessed with political correctness” to the extent that they “tolerate backwards Islamic values for the sake of multiculturalism”; they believe in the welfare state that “benefits only the idle and the free riders”; they are the “ignorant and arrogant westerners” who “pity the rest of the world and think they are saviours”.

Why would ordinary Chinese people dislike the Western left so much? Here is the reason given:
The stigmatization of the ‘white left’ is driven first and foremost by Chinese netizens’ understanding of ‘western’ problems. It is a symptom and weakness of the Other.

The term first became influential amidst the European refugee crisis, and Angela Merkel was the first western politician to be labelled as a baizuo for her open-door refugee policy. Hungary, on the other hand, was praised by Chinese netizens for its hard line on refugees, if not for its authoritarian leader. Around the same time another derogatory name that was often used alongside baizuo was shengmu (圣母) – literally the ‘holy mother’ – which according to its users refers to those who are ‘overemotional’, ‘hypocritical’ and ‘have too much empathy’.

Many Chinese on social media came to identify Hillary Clinton with the white left and so supported Donald Trump in the American election. When one public intellectual, Rao Yi, took the opposing view,
An overwhelming majority of Zhihu users thought that Rao had only proved that he was typical of the ‘white left’: biased, elitist, ignorant of social reality and constantly applying double standards.

The Chinese seem aware that a modern liberal politics is suicidal:
According to Baidu Trends, one of the most related keywords to baizuo was huimie: “to destroy”. Articles with titles such as ‘the white left are destroying Europe’ were widely circulated.

To understand why the Chinese might reject the white left so firmly, it helps to consider moral foundations theory. This is a theory popularised by Professor Jonathan Haidt. Based on research into different cultures around the world, it was found that there are six basic moral foundations:

1. The care/harm foundation: the focus here is on maximising individual care and minimising harm, protecting the vulnerable.

2. The fairness foundation: not cheating the system, people rewarded according to their contributions.

3. The loyalty/betrayal foundation: being loyal to our tribe/team (including patriotism).

4. The authority/subversion foundation: respecting the authority or hierarchy necessary to preserve social order.

5. The sanctity/degradation foundation: protecting a sense of what is hallowed or sacred in institutions and ideals.

6. Liberty/oppression: not wanting to be dominated/bullied by a tyrant.

What Haidt found was that Western liberals are very strong on the first foundation (and also to a degree the sixth) but are not very committed to the others. Traditionalists, in contrast, were found to hold all six foundations in equal regard.

If, then, you are a Chinese net user, who is used to taking all six moral foundations into account, you are likely to perceive the white left negatively. You will see them putting all the emphasis on the first foundation (care/harm) - hence the criticism of the white left as being "hengmu:" overemotional, hypocritical empathisers. Similarly, the lack of emphasis on fairness (as proportionality) on the left leads to the criticism by the Chinese of the support by the white left for free riders. And, finally, the lack of a concern for the loyalty foundation leads the white left open to the accusation by the Chinese of destroying their own tradition.
          Templates of resistance   
If you were to go back even 30 years the template of resistance to liberalism was limited. There were journals in which people could signal an intellectual or cultural superiority to leftists, without much passion or focus on changing things. The template changed a little with the advent of the internet, with a group of more intellectually principled intellectuals emerging. More recently the template changed again with a much larger and more combative opposition using social media.

There are still some key changes to be made to the template. We can become more activist and more willing to establish our own communities. You can see the potential for this in recent months. The Battle for Berkeley demonstrated that the dissident right can hold its own against the far left.

But there still needs to be a psychological shift on our side of politics. For this reason, I am closely following the efforts of the Identitarians in Europe to organise an activist opposition to the smuggling of illegal immigrants. Even if it doesn't succeed in closing down the smuggling rings, it can still be important in helping our side break through to a newer, more activist template.

I have to congratulate Lauren Southern for helping to publicise the campaign. She joined the Identitarians in steering a small boat toward one of the smuggling ships - she was detained by the coastguard for doing this. In the video below she talks with Martin Sellner, an Austrian Identitarian, about a plan to launch a more ambitious campaign against the ships:



The Identitarians have put out a publicity video of their own:



It's important that traditionalists here in Australia also help shift the template toward a more active politics. We've become involved in a few initiatives in recent months and we have decided as well to raise some money to help fund the Identitarian campaign. We're encouraging those attending our next meeting in June to bring along a donation, and we'll send this off as a group (if you're a Melbournian interested in our group feel free to contact myself at swerting (at) bigpond.com or Mark Moncrieff via his website Upon Hope).

If readers are considering donating to the Identitarian efforts you can do so via the official campaign website.
          Pamphlet problems : no priest available   
If I would make a pamphlet citing Dominus Iesus and the CDF Notification on Jacques Dupuis saying non Catholics need to convert into the Catholic Church for salvation and if I would want to distribute it among Catholics for their education in Rome,would any Catholic priest  allow me to use his name and telephone number as a resource person?
I do not know of any priest who offers the Traditional Latin Mass who would allow me to use his telephone and contact number.I know of a few who refused.
I made the pamphlets. I went ahead. It was some years back. I did not have a place to stay.I knew what I had written in the pamphlet was the teachings of the Catholic Church.It went something like this:The Catholic Church teaches that all Jews,Muslims....need to convert into the Church for salvation ( Dominius Iesus 20, CDF, Notification 2001).But I neeed a telephone number and contact person who would answer questions on this religious subject.I did not have a cell phone and neither do I have one now.
I did not know of any priest who would help.
At that time I would attend the Traditional Latin Mass on Sunday mornnings  held by Mons. Ignacio Barreiro at San Giuseppe a Capo le Casa, Rome and the one daily every morning held by Fr. Joseph Kramer FSSP at San Gregerio Murialdo, Rome( I don't know if I have got that name correct).There was an American priest there at that time as Fr.Kramer's assistant.
I asked this young priest if I could use his name and telephone number. He refused.
I told him he was a priest and should not be afraid. My name was already there on the pamphlet.He refused. Also Fr. Kramer refused.
I went ahead and placed their telephone number on the pamphlet and distributed it. The last place I distributed it was at the Church of San Silvestro in Rome, they have Mass in English and are noted liberals.
Fr.Kramer got the expected phone call/s. He was not going to defend Catholic doctrine in public. In private may be.He was not going to defend me.
He asked me to room my computer which I stored at that church and remove anything else I had there.It had to be done by the evening.He was there in the evening, with a scowl, to make sure I followed his instructions.
Summorum Pontificum had been released and this was the first FSSP church.It was small church in a blind alley.Virginia Loda who organises the annual March for Life was among the few people who would attend.
Then I made another pamphlet and I again needed a priest to defend  my quotations from Dominus Iesus and the CDF Notification on Dupuis I quoted Mons.Ignacio Barreiro. He had written an article for an SSPX publication.
He got the phone calls.
He told me again to remove my computer, which my sister had sent me, and which I had stored at the HLI office in Rome since I had no place of my own.He was not going to defend what I had written even though it was the teaching of the Church and he was in agreement with it.He did not want me to quote him.
This was all some 10 years back.
Nothing has changed.
I find myself still - as the only person writing on what I have been writing.
At about that time time I was told not to enter the premises of the Regina Apostolorum University Rome because of the same pamphlet which affirms an unpopular subject.No Legion of Christ priest whom I knew would want to be quoted.
So now when I say that Vatican Council II ( Feeneyite) is in line with EENS( Feeneyite), the Emperor has not clothes!!-who cares.No one is going to come out in the open and affirm it.
No priest is going to say at the pulpit or in writing that outside the Church there is no salvation and this is the official teaching of Vatican Council II without the strange and made premise.
No priest.
Today morning at Mass the priest prayed for the pope and he prayed for all priests and he prayed for evangelisation.
And I pray for him and all priests here that they may have the courage to proclaim the hard teachings of the  Catholic Faith - inspite, of everything.-Lionel Andrades










          Contrats à disposition   
Nous avons mis en ligne une rubrique concernant les contrats pour les libéraux. Ces contrats sont régulièrement mis à jour par les juristes du CDO afin de protéger chacun des signataires. Vous trouverez des informations complémentaires sur le site du CNO >  http://contrats.ordremk.fr/contrats/   contrat-type-dassistant-liberal-version-2016-09-22 contrat-type-de-collaboration-liberale-version-2016-09-22 modele-de-contrat-de-travail_apa_cdd-temps-complet-avec-terme_version-cno-21-22-sept-2016 modele-de-contrat-de-travail_apa_cdd-temps-complet-sans-terme_version-cno-21-22-sept-2016 modele-de-contrat-de-travail_apa_cdd-temps-partiel_version-cno-21-22-sept-2016 modele-de-contrat-de-travail_apa_cdi-temps-partiel_version-cno-21-22-sept-2016
          Ex-Weapons Inspector Scott Ritter — Trump’s Sarin Claims Built on ‘Lie’ and more   

Scott Ritter debunks the Syrian sarin claims and exposes the propaganda structure behind it as well.

Interesting how debunking articles like this are finding a venue at US politically conservative venues rather than US politically liberal venues now that liberals are on the offensive, promoting propaganda, disinformation, and fake news.

The American Conservative
Ex-Weapons Inspector: Trump’s Sarin Claims Built on ‘Lie’
Scott Ritter
ht Yves Smith at Naked Capitalism

See also
The policy of arming military groups committed to overthrowing the government of President Bashar al-Assad began in September 2011, when President Barack Obama was pressed by his Sunni allies—Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar—to supply heavy weapons to a military opposition to Assad they were determined to establish. Turkey and the Gulf regimes wanted the United States to provide anti-tank and anti-aircraft weapons to the rebels, according to a former Obama Administration official involved in Middle East issues.…
How America Armed Terrorists in Syria
Gareth Porter

          White House isolates itself as sole defender of Trump's sick sexist tweets   

Not surprisingly, the White House briefing got entirely hijacked Thursday by Donald Trump's grossly indefensible sexist tweets about MSNBC host Mika Brzezinski. And for a second time deputy press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders went to bat for Trump's misogyny, saying that tweets like these are exactly how Trump demonstrates the dignity of the office of the president of the United States of America “every day.” Here's one exchange:

Reporter: A couple of the criticisms from supporters of the president have been that this particular tweet was beneath dignity of the office. Where does the president draw that line on the dignity of the office?

Huckabee Sanders: Look, I think that he shows that every day in the decisions that he's making—the focus and the priorities he's laid out in his agenda, but he’s not going to sit back and be attacked by the liberal media, Hollywood elites, and when they hit him, he's going to hit back.

Amazing. Huckabee Sanders is arguing that these tweets are exactly how he “shows” the dignity of the office. In other words, there’s nothing to defend: This is Trump’s expression of dignity. 

Of course, dignity has no meaning to this White House. 

x

Now, isn’t that spiritually inspiring. Just ignore the president of the United States, kids, and the fact that I’m selling my soul to defend him. God is the perfect role model, even though I’m defiling his son’s teachings. (Note: Huckabee Sanders could have resigned today and she didn't.)

Back on Capitol Hill, Democrats condemned the tweets and even Republican lawmakers couldn’t stomach defending them, which means the White House and surrogates like Trump’s sons and Melania became the sole defenders of Trump’s unconscionable behavior.

It’s at once another unsurprising and unbelievable day in the United States under Trump’s leadership.

You can watch both the White House and Capitol Hill clips below.


          White House spokesperson escalates Trump's trashy schoolyard attack on MSNBC host Mika Brzezinski   

Most mornings I wake up on the west coast and marvel at the useless trash heap of tweets Trump has unleashed on the world at some intemperate moment before he's molded his hair and brushed his brows for public consumption. But today was a truly special presidential moment devoted to maligning MSNBC Morning Joe host Mika Brzezinski, suggesting that she somehow looked unseemly while visiting his gaudy Mara-a-Lago resort in January. As an added touch to the physical slight, Trump labeled the hosts “low I.Q. Crazy Mika” and “Psycho Joe” Scarborough. Apparently, the Don hasn't looked in the mirror lately. People who live in glass houses ...

Anyhoo, it wasn't enough for the Don to make a desperate grab for something cheery from his exceedingly fragile hell of a psyche in the isolated morning hours. The crackerjack White House press shop saw the gem in Trump's petty pathology and sent spokesperson Sarah Huckabee Sanders on to Fox News to transform Trump's ego-driven drama into the White House message of the day. Forget the forgetful White House parade of themes—Infrastructure Week, Technology Week, Energy Week—today's gonna be “Trashy Schoolyard Cat Fight Day.” Take that, bitches!

Sarah Huckabee Sanders: Look, I don't think that the president's ever been someone who gets attacked and doesn't push back. There have been an outrageous number of personal attacks, not just to him but to frankly everyone around him. People on that show have personally attacked me many times. This is a president who fights fire with fire and certainly will not be allowed to be bullied by liberal media and the liberal elites with the media or Hollywood or anywhere else.

Bill Hemmer, Fox News: I get it but is—is that necessary?

Huckabee Sanders: Look, I think what's necessary is to push back against unnecessary attacks on the president both personally—I have seen far worse things come out of that show. Again, directed not just at the president but everyone around him. Personal attacks. Mean, hateful attacks. And again this president isn't going to sit back and not push back and he's going to fight fire with fire and I think that's exactly what he did today.


          William Chapple MP - "Ulster should be ... tacked on to Scotland"   

 

“W.A Chapple proposed that N.E. Ulster should be politically tacked on to Scotland, when a more proper suggestion would have been that Scotland should be politically tacked on to N.E. Ulster…"

William Allan Chapple was the New Zealand born Liberal Party MP for Stirlingshire, and later Dumfriesshire. He is said to have made these remarks in the House of Commons in a debate some time around June 1912, the extract above being from St John Ervine’s biography of Sir James Craig, entitled Craigavon (1949), a really interesting book with much Ulster-Scots cultural content and which also uses the term as well.  This story warrants further investigation and cross-checking. 

William Allan Chapple 1908


          Trump, Moon to Talk North Korea Strategy   
On 06.28.17 05:44 PM posted by Fred Lucas President Donald Trump and South Korean President Moon Jae-in have common ground in dismantling North Korea’s nuclear program, according to the White House, even if the two leaders meeting Thursday at the White House seem to have different goals for doing so. Moon, who was elected in May (http://dailysignal.com/2017/05/10/liberal-moon-jae-won-south-korean-election-heres-means-us-north-korea/), has talked about how South Korea should be able to “say no to the Americans,” and advocates more economic engagement with North Korea as a means of negotiations rather than sanctions. Trump, on the other hand, has pushed for more sanctions from U.S. allies unilaterally and through the United Nations. Coordinating the response by the two new leaders to North Korea is going to be a major subject of the meeting, a senior White House official told reporters Wednesday. The meeting will also be about building a rapport, the official said. The...
          Manu, Macaulay and Manmohan   

G. Haragopal
Member – Presidium, All India Forum for Right to Education


India is one society that has inherited one of the most iniquitous social structures that remained stubborn notwithstanding several socio-political movements including the freedom movement. Manu, the BrahmnicalHindu ideologue provided the framework and justification for not allowing all sections of the society, more sothe labouring classes and women of all communities not having access to written word. This dictum survives through thousands of years after the written word had been invented by the human species. The language of the powerful, Sanskrit, through which they wrote and communicated was their exclusive prerogative. Hinduism perhaps is the only religion that believes that human beings were born unequal and prevents equal access to God, supposedly the creator of man and woman. The denial of access to formal learning not only divided and hierarchised the society, but provided scope and space for manipulation by the propertied and the powerful. This social arrangement continued all through the medieval and colonial period.

             It was during the colonial period the English language started replacing the Sanskrit and other local languages. After the first war of independence in 1857, Macaulay advocated the introduction of English language and held that it was the only way to create a support base for the colonial rule. He thought, rightly so, that the English educated Indians would be Indian in colour and English in belief and behaviour. It was again the upper castes who took advantage of their social position and linguistic skills monopolized the opportunities in civil service, legal profession, media, teaching and so on.  The English language was as alien to the people as Sanskrit except that the Christian missionaries opened schools where the hitherto forbidden sections had an entry point. In fact they provided access to God though Church and formal learning though schools. This opening up made no qualitative difference to the basic structure of social relations, but created a class of people, as Macaulay believed, who were entrapped into colonial mind-set and continue to perpetuate it even after six decades of the so-called victory of anti-colonial freedom struggle.

         It was Phule and SavitribaiPhule realising the importance of role of education started schools, particularly for girls. Education for all as an idea entered the freedom movement in the early part of the last century and picked up momentum and by 40s is came to be accepted by the Congress party who resolved to universalise right to education within a decade after independence. Given the aspirations and promise of the freedom movement it ought to have been incorporated in the fundamental rights chapter but on the grounds of resources and Nation’s preparedness it was pushed into non-justiciable directive principles of State policy.

       The silver lining immediately after independence was that whatever or wherever schools existed or newly opened they were all publicly funded common schools resembling the ‘neighbourhood schools’ concept as all children living in the vicinity went to the same school and studied through their mother tongue as medium of instruction. The limitation was that there was no concerted effort to ensure that all children go to the school which resulted in an India that has the distinction of having the largest number of illiterates in the world. This policy, by and large, continued till 1985-86. There was a shift in the policy which instead of initiating measures to provide access and quality education to all children introduced the policy of multi-layered schools bringing in inequity and inequality that Manu and Macaulay did earlier.

     The widespread mass unrest in India on various counts including the growing inequalities compelling the rulers to take some measures and Right to Education Act of 2009 is one such step which is supposed to have encoded the right to education as a fundamental right. While this step is important in letter, the spirit of the Act is not qualitatively different from Manu, Macaulay mindset. The Act should have straight away scraped all the private schools and has gone for common school through neighbourhood schools and raising the standardsof each school to that of central school. Instead the Act talks of private-public partnership which in principals concedes the continued presence of private schools at one level and accentuates the medium of instruction divide. It talks of 25% reservation of seats to poorer children in corporate schools. One starts wondering how a fundamental right could be so dividing and discriminatory. This has led to a country-wide debate whether the right in this form can ever be treated and accepted as a fundamental right. The public-private partnership is a device of the neo-liberal model to plunder public resources for private profiteering. The corporate schools used to amassing of wealth challenged the Act in the Courts opposing the admission of poor children into their schools. Assuming that the Court in principle concedes, which is very unlikely, what happens to the other 75% of the poor children condemned to study in government schools which are poorly funded and qualitatively  inferior. Is it not the time that the nation in one voice demands that all children of this country in the age group of 0-18 have equal access to quality education though common schools though neighbourhood schools?

          The scenario in higher education is equally pitiable. There are six to eight bills waiting for parliamentary ratification. Of all the bills the most Macaulian is the Foreign Universities Bill. KapilSibal addressing the last All India Vice Chancellors conference looked concerned about only two issues: the Foreign Universities Bill and introduction of semesterisation in Delhi university as if they are the only issues afflicting higher education. Of course, during the recent visit of Manmohan Singh to the USA, one of the items that came up in the discussion with Obama was opening up of higher education for foreign investment. The Prime Minister in his Independence day address to the nation from the Red Fort made a specific reference to the urgency of educational reforms. The saddest part of higher education is the pathetic conditions of State Universities. No state government, without exception, has any interest left in higher education as the sons and daughters of the ruling classes go for private medical, engineering, legal and other professional streams of education. The most prosperous are sending their children to foreign universities and are arguing that the ‘craze’ can be met only by inviting foreign universities to the Indian soil. It is precisely this cause that led to serious cuts in grants, stopping recruitment of new staff and all forms of support of the state. In the same breath they also want to privatise accreditation, distance education, tribunalization of educational litigation, abolition of UGC and manning the new council for higher education with corporate representatives. The teaching fraternity lured by the 6th pay commission evinced no interest in the neo-liberal assault on higher education.

    It is the wake of these drastic changes in school and university education, the All India Forum for Right to Education held its national conference in Yusuf Meharelly centre near Bombay. The forum draws its membership from socialists, Lohiaites, Gandhians, leftists, radicals and democratise. They are drawn from 16 states of India and are engaged in building a nationwide movement against these undemocratic, uncalled for, anti people reforms in education. It is time that spirit of freedom struggle is retrieved and we build a movement for an equitable, humane, fair and just society. The cause of education is one of the powerful weapons to realize this goal. This would invariably be a fight against Manu-Macaulay-Manmohan mind-set. The posterity may not forgive this generation of academia. These sections are bound to carry their own battle against unjust society with or without the support of the academia.

          Right to Equitable Education for all   

History of the efforts for the universalization of modern education may be traced back to the nineteenth century, when, for example, Jotirao Phule voiced this demand while appearing before the Indian Education Commission chaired by WW Hunter in 1882-83. Subsequently, G.K. Gokhale and some other nationalist leaders also strived for compulsory free elementary education for all children in 1910-12 onwards. 
On the other hand, going beyond the question of expansion, following the trajectory of his views already powerfully expressed in Hind Swaraj, Gandhiji (along with Zakir Hussain) presented his scheme of basic education in late 1930s. It was qualitatively different from the then prevalent models of education. It powerfully symbolized the disillusionment with existing education system and the need for reclaiming knowledge and reconstructing education in order to build a more humane and egalitarian society. With some obvious differences, similar Alternative views on education were also put forward, experimented or practiced by other personalities like Gijubhai Badheka, Aurobindo Ghosh and Rabindranath Tagore in India. 
Education meant to these thinkers and practitioners not only textbook learning, but also values and skills. Further, they realized the pedagogic and epistemological significance of the real life experiences in the learning process of students. They thought that education should help individuals to plan for their career as well as play a useful part in building a better society. In other words, education should become a motor of progressive change in the lives of individual as well as that of the entire community.

They understood that education is crucial for building a democratic, egalitarian, secular, inclusive and humane society, both at the national and transnational levels. It should promote universal human values while, at the same time, inculcate respect for India and its peoples. Education should promote socio-economic justice, political liberty, freedom of thought, equality of status and opportunity, dignity of the individual, integrity and independence of the nation and universal piece. Hence, for them, education was a means for unleashing the full human potential, for serving the larger public interest, as well as the path to social development with equality and social justice. Education for them was not a commodity or service that can be sold and bought in the market, because, as a public good, or more correctly as an instrument of liberation, it had a larger goal to accomplish in society than the commercial motives of colonial state and its allies.

But none of these efforts could yield much fruits owing to colonial Government’s indifference to these alternative thoughts which appeared to it as quite different from the normative Western pattern they considered to be essentially progressive and useful. Added to this was colonial states unwillingness to spend a substantive part of its proceeds on education. More importantly, the above-outline vision could not be materialized due to the apathy of upper castes and classes of Indian society towards the education of children traditionally excluded from the sphere of formal education; and their fear of the ideas perceived to be dangerous for the continuance of their hegemonic position in Indian society.

Even the Framers of constitution were forced in such circumstances to provide merely (but crucial) a directive principle on elementary education with the expectation of its realization by Indian state within 10 years. But the post independance Indian state also did not adopt any fundamentally ground-breaking measures for the universalization and reconstruction of education, despite occasional but significant recommendations by the commissions and committees set up by the state itself. (For instance, Kothari Commission’s recommendation for the establishment of “common school system based on the concept of neighborhood schools–CSS-NS).

Nevertheless, education as a fundamental right of every child could be recognized in clear legal terms in 1992 through judicial interpretation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution by Supreme Court. It was further detailed (but at the same time in many ways curtailed) by 86th constitutional amendment in 2002 and the farcical Right of Children for Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE Act) in 2009.
In this process, the above-outlined philosophical vision of education emphasizing the need for reclaiming knowledge and reconstructing education was glossed over. 

Otherwise, at least before 1970s, a period when the neo-liberal tendencies had just begun to negatively influence the state’s commitment for education; and surely before 1990s, when the influence of neo-liberal ideology on the state became clearly evident, these alternative visions (though never seriously championed) were not discredited by the state and its attended class interests. Now, in the garb of economic liberalization, globalization, public private partnership, self-financed courses and foreign funding, education and knowledge are being brutally transformed as marketable commodities all over the world. It has been quite well documented that not merely the capitalist class interests, but also neo-conservative forces in collaboration with neo-liberal state comprise the vanguard of this historic transition. State is increasingly relinquishing its social commitment in the hands of these illusory private service providers and neo-conservative forces, which are left almost free to enjoy maximum fruits produced by oppressed classes and thereby accelerating even greater inequalities in the social order.

Therefore, in this context, the necessity of launching a news letter through an adapted version of a historic call to “educate! Agitate! Organize!” and continue struggle for ‘reclaiming knowledge, reconstructing education’ is nothing but obvious. Notwithstanding above-mentioned philosophical disillusionment with the prevailing model of education and various other scholarly treatises pointing out its orthodox and complicit nature, Babasaheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar obviously perceived liberating potentials of the modern/colonial/western education if it could be provided to oppressed people In an environment, where even the basic skills of literacy were monopolized by a traditionally dominant, but very small minority of people, who disallowed its expansion to others. He therefore advised the oppressed people to grab their share of education to use it as an instrument for building their agitation and organization to continue struggle against all forms of their exploitation. However, Ambedkar’s clarion call cannot be restricted to Dalits alone. It must be viewed as a call for liberation of the oppressed masses, irrespective of their caste, gender, linguistic, cultural, religious or ‘challenged’ body identity. At the same time, in the neo-liberal economic order, we need to transcend Ambedkar and struggle to ‘reclaim knowledge, reconstruct education’ which, in Ambedkar’s times, may have been validly (or as an interim strategy) perceived as a liberative force.  

(By Dr. Vikas Gupta, Delhi University, New Delhi) 

          Workshop on ‘Language and Education'   
A Discussion Paper1
Workshop on ‘Language and Education’
Itarsi, M. P.; 2-4 January 2011)


Declaring that the mother tongue of the child primarily, along with other languages used for communication in her/his neighbourhood generally, provides the multi-lingual
environment that,
- constitutes and sustains her/his cultural identity as a democratic right and enriches the cultural history as well as the knowledge linked to socially undertaken productive work, all being essential for giving her/him a dignified space in India’s plural society;
-strengthens the foundation for building a democratic, egalitarian, secular, just and enlightened society, as resolved in the Preamble to the Constitution;
-guarantees one of the pre-conditions for gaining the Fundamental Rights to equal
opportunity and social justice through education of equitable quality, ‘freedom of speech and expression’ and life with dignity, as enshrined in the Constitution;
-facilitates the learning of other languages, including the state language, Hindi or
English as per the needs of each region;
- plays a crucial role in accessing education at all stages from pre-primary to higher and professional education by facilitating critical acquisition and construction of knowledge, building of values and formation of skills, based upon the cultural history and existing knowledge of the society and aspirations of the people, rather than the vested interest and greed of the global market and corporate capital;
-impregnates education with the potential of developing organic intellectuals who
would have the capacity to question the development model, including regional
imbalance, that is being pursued by the ruling class and also explore ways and means of
its reconstruction;
- enables education, through its increased potential of developing organic
intellectuals, to play the role of social transformation, rather than continuing to reinforce the status quo through social reproduction;
- necessitates, in the context of the transformed role of education, an urgent review
of the retrogressive pedagogy of mother tongue as medium of instruction for imposing
instructions for ‘colonial’ development and instead calls for instituting the critical pedagogy inherent in viewing mother tongue as medium of transformative education;
- inspires the evolution of a unique vision of regional development, especially in
the case of linguistic minorities, wherein education would endeavour to critically assess the cultural history and the indigenous knowledge, divest them of retrogressive aspects and then integrate them with the contemporary knowledge for an equitable and just development in the concerned region; and
- reconstructs India truly as a multi-lingual, multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural society, rather than as a territory operating under the hegemony of Englishspeaking ruling class in various states/UTs that allows only a partial and, that too, distorted development of a handful of dominant Indian languages.

We assert that,
-all the issues regarding the place and role of languages in education and society
need to be viewed in light of the political economy;
- the mother tongue of the child as the principal component of her/his multi-linguality is essential to guaranteeing her/his Fundamental Right to pre-primary education as per the amended Article 45 and elementary education (i.e. Class I-VIII) as perArticle 21A as well as the Right to secondary-senior secondary (Class IX-XII) and higher and professional education under Article 41;
- global research has established that education through the medium of mother tongue
along with other neighbourhood languages of the child facilitates both acquisition
and construction of knowledge, values and skills and learning of languages other
than the mother tongue as well; this implies that, in the schools providing mother
tongue as medium of education, it would be much easier to introduce the learning of
other languages than would be the case otherwise;
- the pedagogy of language education needs a paradigm shift in order to eliminate the
so-called ‘burden’ of learning languages - a crucial issue in a country like India
where the children are expected to learn more than one language as a subject;
- the above paradigm shift for language education is also a pre-condition for ensuring that no child is ever pushed out of the school system (indeed, no child ever drops out) since it would enable all children to critically internalize, relate with and eventually transform all areas of knowledge, values and skills;
- the Constitutional directive for using mother tongue as medium of education at the
primary stage for “linguistic minority groups” in Article 350A is a far more binding
provision than the ambiguous provision in ‘The Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education Act, 2009 [see Section 29 (2) (f)] which leaves this crucial
issue to the arbitrariness or mere whims (“as far as practicable”) of the respective
governments/local authorities, as has been the case for the past six decades;
- the prevailing policy of restricting mother tongue as medium of education to a
certain stage of school education or to certain subjects is a moribund policy that
discourages the children and parents alike from accepting mother tongue as a means
of empowerment since it uncouples mother tongue from their aspirations; it is,
therefore, imperative that the agenda of using mother as medium of education at the
school stage is organically linked to the agenda of using mother tongue as the
medium of higher and professional education and research as well, at least in the
case of the languages of the Eighth Schedule;
- education through the mother tongue and multi-linguality offers an unprecedented
pedagogic challenge to reconstruct knowledge, values and skills upon the base of
cultural history and production-linked indigenous experience with a critical outlook
and integrate them with contemporary, socially relevant and transformative
knowledge; only by harnessing this pedagogic potential, regional development
would be able to transcend the distortions of the prevailing market-oriented
development;
- discrimination in providing for educational infrastructure, norms and standards,
institutional support and budget allocations for instituting various languages used
within a state/UT as medium of education and also as the basis of building the
education system amounts to undermining of Fundamental Rights to education of
equitable quality, ‘freedom of speech and expression’ and life with dignity, as
enshrined in the Constitution;
- in order to sustain mother tongue as medium of education at all levels of education, it follows that knowledge in disciplines of science, social science and humanities has to be made available, through translation/ transcreation from various languages from within India and the rest of the world, directly into the mother tongue; a priority may be accorded, to begin with, to the languages of the Eighth Schedule;
- the mother tongue can not be a viable medium of education unless there is a
concomitant policy to use Indian languages in all aspects of national life, including
legislative, executive and judiciary, apart from trade and business, research,
technology and academic discourse; this policy calls for according political priority
to organizing a nation-wide infrastructure for direct inter-language translation, a
fairly practical proposition in view of Information and Communication Technology;
- none of the above curricular and pedagogic reforms are feasible in the present
multi-layered school system; therefore, establishing a fully public-funded
Common School System based on Neighbourhood Schools that is governed in a
decentralized, participative and democratic mode with ample space for diversity,
flexibility and creativity, is the only historical and viable option for India;
- similarly, the issue of mother tongue and multi-linguality is organically interlinked with the establishment of a fully public-funded higher and professional
education system that is accountable primarily for equitable and sustainable
development of all regions of the country; and
- the above goal of systemic transformation of the education system from “KG to
PG” can not be achieved unless trade is banned in education at all levels in all its
forms and the central government withdraws its offer of education made in WTOGATS
forthwith.
Finally, we underline that the market-driven and pro-corporate capital ‘vision’ implied in the so-called Right to Education Act, 2009 as well as the legislations pertaining to higher and professional education either pending or about to be placed in the Parliament violates the Constitution. We also reiterate that the curricular and pedagogic reforms required for instituting mother tongue and multi-linguality as medium of education would necessitate a radical transformation of the present neo-liberal policy framework. Only then education would be able to act as a means of social transformation and fulfillment of the Constitutional vision.
____________
          The future of 200 million Children: Right to Education   
Dear All,

India has around 230 million children currently in age group 6-16. In the next decade, all these would cross 16 years of age, and reach a stage where more formal education is practically impossible.

Of these, around 30 million would get a chance to study in reasonable to good to excellent quality schools, some in a few good Govt. schools, but mostly private fee charging schools, including those for upper income and elite groups.

Remaining 200 odd million, if ASER and other such official and non-official reports are correct, would receive very poor quality education in the bulk of average government schools or low cost private schools. With RTE provisions and criterion coming in force, it would not be legally feasible for low cost private schools to exist as recognized schools, so the bulk of responsibility of educating these 200 million children will be of Government Schools.

Most of us know, and agree, that average quality of education in most Government Schools is very bad, which means that 200 million of today's children will become adult without receiving a minimum quality school education, which will not only keep them poor and under-developed, but also lead to poor development of the country.

The only solution is to significantly improve the quality of Government schools, with 3-5 years.

I request and invite forum readers to give no more than 5 suggestions that would improve the quality of education in a time bound 3-5 years, so the improvements in learning levels of children can be measured in concrete manner, by ASER or NCERT studies.

I hope this exercise of sifting through various actionable ideas would not only show a way to move forward, it will also make "Improvements in Govt. Schools within 3-5 years', a declared and formal policy agenda of the Government.

Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/8163

Response to this mail (Right To Education):
1. All kids in a particular locality must attend the public school in that locality [Like you collect your ration from a PDS outlet in your area].

2. This will ensure children of MLA, MP, Collector and every other influential person enroll in the neighbourhood school only.

3. Standard of this school will improve overnight.

4. Last but not least.

What type of education we are imparting in the so called best schools?

Glorified Macaulay's clerks and herd to work as coolies and slaves to monied masters in alien lands and in Indian cities.

The whole system of education is irrelevent to the people at large.

Can a civil engg graduate from the IIT lay a single brick?

Can the agri graduate from any best agri college produce one grain of paddy?

Proof of the pudding is in the eating.

Sankara Narayanan

Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/8167

Sir,

none of your suggestions/ ideas is implementable in 3-5 years time.

it may be an ideal worth pursuing, but does not outline an agenda for action that will produce results in 3-5 years time, so the life of 200 million children of today will not be affected by this.

kindly address the specific problem of CURRENT CHILDREN.
Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

i view that we should think more seriously about the education our children
==================

Compulsory Character Building- Right To Education (RTE)

Right To Education (RTE) ensures compulsory and free education? Does it also ensure quality education? If yes does quality would mean to give first importance to bookish knowledge or first priority to character development?

In Hind Swaraj, Mahatma Gandhi categorically prescribed that character building is of utmost importance for a meaningful process of education. He quotes Professor Huxley who asserts that a man is an educated man whose body is the ready servant of his will and does with ease and pleasure all the work that as a mechanism it is capable of; whose intellect is a clear, cold, logic engine with all its parts of equal strength and in smooth working order...whose mind is stored with a knowledge of the fundamental truths of nature . . . whose passions are trained to come to heel by a vigorous will, the servant of a tender conscience, who has learnt to hate all vileness and to respect others as himself. Such a one and no other, I conceive, has had a liberal education, for he is in harmony with nature.

From the above we do infer that body, mind and character building are the primary goals of education. Bookish knowledge could be a mere tool. In a further deterioration some of us are satisfied by mere literacy. Some others say that the development of 3Rs is enough. Some parents get satisfaction from the achievement of admission of their children into desired courses. Some teachers are just contented with the achieving of required criterion of pass percentages of their students. Some managements are proud of the academic results of their students in their schools in the Board examinations. Many employers look for those candidates who are skilled in their work areas. It is all painful. In this neo-liberal environment, some of these stakeholders give token importance to character building of their students. To put it strongly our nation is being cheated by these so-called well wishers.

There is no need to tell you the current stories of malpractices, cheating, deceptions, and frauds played by these so-called educated employees. We must create a new kind of man by seeking directions from our cultural roots where character building was given the most important component of life and hence, that of education too. Accordingly, we need not give importance to mere knowledge scores aiming for a knowledge society but rather we must give importance to the development of character aiming to develop a humane society. We must be careful to recognise that mere literacy skills and pure knowledge marks are harmful for the development of a humane society.

For the process of building a humane society, give importance to all the four pillars of education as enunciated by the Education Reform Commission chaired by Jacques Delors. The four pillars are: learning to know, learning to do, learning to live together and learning to be. We wish to reiterate that all four pillars are important otherwise the structure will surely fall. It is like taking a jump with full set of needed requirements to cross a stream; half-step jump over the stream is surely going to be disastrous. Let us understand the message from a letter[1] sent by an American Principal to his teaching staff on the first day of every academic year which illustrates this point.
Dear Teachers, “I am a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what no man should witness: Gas chambers built by learned engineers. Children poisoned by educated physicians. Infants killed by trained nurses. Women and babies shot and burned by high school and college graduates. So, I am suspicious of education. My request is that teachers help students become human. Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths, educated Eichmanns. Reading, writing, arithmetic are important only if they serve to make our children more humane”.


The RTE 2010 has ensured Right to Education, but we must ensure that it is real quality education with full emphasis on character development. The often lop-sided available left brain education must become whole brain education.
Let us look what is happening around us in a majority of cases. Inside schools parents need not push their children. They must stop solo-development of learning of academic subjects. Teachers must go beyond book oriented environments.
School employers should support their teachers on the basis of the requirements of National Curriculum Framework 2005. Higher education institutions like universities, IITs, IIMs, etc., must look into their admission criterion. Employers must give importance to character development.
Let us take care of our education system in a systemic manner.

Prof. B.K.Passi
Former UNESCO Chair
139 Indrapuri Colony, Indore, INDIA 452 001
Mobile+919893280007
Patron AIAER: http://www.geocities.com/aiaer15/


Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

The most cost effective solution is at Rs 10 per child per day we can help them all become members of what we may call the moedrn times and explore their own potential.

The leadership in India has no track record of thinking beyond a 5 year plan. This requires thinking for the nation in at least 15 to 20 year cycle.

Try the One Laptop per Child approach and you would transformed a nation and all its children for the most affordable amount.
Satish Jha
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

So, what should Govt. do with Rs. 3650/- (365* 10) earmarked for each child.

Give the money to each parent to be spent on (?) food, health, education??? How do you ensure that it will be spent on child, and not on the drinking habit of father?

Give it as payment to any agency that guarantees assured quality education up to high school? (Practical examples exist, but you will be shouted down since this would be seen as privatization of education.)

You might have noted that Mumbai Municipal Corporation spends more than Rs. 40000/- on each child that is enrolled in its school, Ahmedabad Corporation spends around Rs. 20000/.

Pankaj
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Mr Jain,

My suggestions are as follows:

For the past 63 years we have tried several remedies to make India literate- universally. And have the success that we see. Nearly 96% are not "educated". They are merely literate. They do not contribute to the level of thinking this group engages in. They do not have the skills to be able to "office work" at any given level of benchmark. They live life differently. They have little skills that are valued by others beyond simply using their physical skills.

To change that requires a transformational change.
To be able to "learn how to learn" or "learning learning".
To be able to acquire skills as needed.
To be able to think about the world they live in.

The literacy campaign is about giving them one skill: an ability to read the alphabets, add a few simple numbers and may be put a signature that we cannot read.

The education campaign may be about going through a curriculum, as dated as CBSE or what have you.

But learning is a little different. Its an ability to undersatnd and know how to find out what is to be learnt and know how to reach there.

Today, technologies have made it possible to do so cheaply, a bit like cell phone. Just like 15 years ago it was incomprehensible to think that India could take the phones to villages and cell phones changed all that, today its not possible to think of "educating" everyone but OLPC has changed all that.

Now, if we use the OLPC approach, Rs 10 helps a child have a laptop, 230 applications, 100 digital books, a laptop they can maintain, that is connected even if there is no internet, can become the foundation on which education and learning can be built and the teachers begin to learn with the children at a pace they never did before.

Of course there will be individual variations that is natural no matter where one goes.

But this approach allows a child in a village with no electricity and usually no quality teachers to start learning a bit like they would in a privileged environment, of course without the benefit of sociology that privileges and affluence with bring them.

However, in acquiring skills, understating the world around them, in being curious and learning in a way that excites rather than as a regimented activity, OLPC has raised the bar and is making a couple million children explore the world like was unthinkable before its advent.

You may want to take a look at www.olpcindia.net and let us discuss on this forum how we can improve things.

Thanks so much
Satish Jha
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

dear satish ji

i fully agree with you u and want to add that along with literacy skills, thinking skills, work skills .. we must give not only equal but a much more importance to character building [it is difficult to define but important to do this work]

B.K.Passi

Somehow our NRI's have arrogated to themselves the power to rundown everyone in India as "leadership in India has no track record of thinking". With sone humility I submit that simplistic solutions are not the answer. We are dealing with 120 million children (more than the population of many countries).

Those seriously interested in the subject may write and request for some analysis. Also pl. visit the site of Right to Food campaign.

Ashok Rao
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear friends

i find it difficult to find right answers ---- some random thoughts in favor of plurality and decentralization

1= i hope and believe that Sarvodya Model for identifying management issues and for creating local solutions [not finding solutions] to the locally identified problems will work-- solutions should evolve through acceptable group dynamics
2= withdraw all the current uniform rules of bureaucracy
3= must introduce diversity / flexibility in management by and from parents
4= flexible procedures may be tried out but these must be based on local unanimity of decision making
5= on-going inclusive involvement of all parents alone is a must in all matters of schools [private or govt]
6= bring back autonomy like that of gurukul system, and have in teachers let our must country mature toward that goal
7= give reasonable financial advances to parents body [gram sabhahs, mohalla sabhahs]

Dr. B.K.Passi
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Pankaj
let all goernment schools be developed to the comparable level of central schools.

ramesh patnaik
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Naaz,

The effective and decentralized decision making at the level of even Taluka Panchayat, leave alone any lower level, is incompatibe with our current Government School system, which is designed as an integrated State level monopoly. Teachers are currently recruited by State system, and only posted at local body level. State level bodies take all critical decisions about the curriculum and resource-budget use.

Transferring effective control over education to Panchayat body would require major restructuring that would be fierecely opposed by teachers' unions, and frankly, it would end up promoting PPP school model, which is easy to control by a local body. I am not sure, many forum members really want that.

The brass-track of performance linked budget can vary, but in essence the budget would be approved for agencies with track record of qualiy performance, and renewal of budget over years, would be conditional to children attaining specified learning norms.

pankaj

Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
My suggestions are:

1. All teachers' vacancies should be filled as soon as possible. All contract teachers should be replaced by permanent teachers.

2. In schools where the student-teacher ratio is good, naturally the quality is better. Instead of having a school in every km, the rule should be a classroom for every 30 underprivileged children in the locality.

3. The government should set up a department in each panchayat/municipality that would do quarter-yearly door-to-door surveys to determine the status of children in the society. This department will identify out-of-school children and dropouts.

4. Class 1 should be dedicated to teaching children their mother tongue.

5. The syllabus in all schools - CBSE, ICSE or state - should be unified. If members of all these boards participate in the making of the syllabus, the resultant syllabus will be good. Teachers may be used to rot learning techniques. They should be trained to do their jobs without rot learning.


There are more things that need to be done. Hygiene, for example, is invariably terrible in all schools. Then the training of teachers - the SET exam syllabus. I have no idea how to change anything here. But they should consult experts in education and train teachers for their job.

I do not have the mail id to forward this to anyone. Can you do it for me? Also, should i ask others to participate?

Regards
archana
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

this is the most importatn and fundamental suggestion [ i agree with it totally]
Class 1 should be dedicated to teaching children their mother tongue.[through mother tongue]
B.K.Passi
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Yes I would add that this must be done apto atleast 7th class. Other langauages can be taught but Hindi should not be imposed on children at the expense of their mother tongue.

The problem of India is language and caste

KSRao


Kalluri Subba Rao., Ph.D., D.Sc.(IISc),FAS-AP, FAMS., FNASc.,FNA.Hon.Professor & INSA-Senior Scientist,Center for Biotechnology, Institute of Science and Technology (IST) , Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500085. Email:ksrsl@yahoo.com
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear All,

I have just returned from a long travel and eversince I have been mulling over this. I have read all the suggestions made so far. They are good.

Yes, high time we worked with a sense of purpose and met a deadline of minimum good quality education for 200 million children by 2020. As Pankaj says this is all the time we have before these children today in the age-group of 6-16 years reach a stage where more formal education is practically impossible.

If we fail to meet this deadline, we violate the fundamental right to education of as many as 200 million children and counting. Add to it the far reaching consequences the Country will have to face on the development front!

And, I hope, once a set of solutions is in sight, the media will play its part and prove itself for the children of India by actively tracking government pace and efforts to meet the dealine, just as it did for Delhi in case of the Common Wealth Games.

Now getting to the point, I humbly submit the following as the way to go in the next 3-5 years:

1. Put a cap on teacher transfers- a minimum of so many per state and no more. Transfers to be approved by the Chief Minister. The CMO to monitor teacher absenteeism and teacher punctuality, empowering SMC and Panchayat sub-committee on education for the purpose.

2. Give the same management autonomy as Kendriya Vidyalaya to the regular government schools.

3. Prestigious awards for best teacher in a cluster (CRC), best school, best SMC, best Panchayat, best block, best district and best state!

4. Plumbers (like electricity linesmen) to ensure proper working of drinking water facility in schools at all times. A sweeper per school to keep school premises and toilets clean. SMC to ensure consumables needed for maintenance and use are provided in case of both drinking water and toilets.

5. A children's group (a group for children that is their own i.e. one which is not formed and led by teachers but facilitated by them) in each school to discuss and share a range of issues affecting them within and outside the school. Regular formal opportunities for children through this group to present proposals to SMC and the government for implementation.

6. Education and related departments to ensure school facilities as mandated by the RTE is in place immediately - school library, computer room, playground etc.

Thank you and regards,

Naaz
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Sir/ Madam,

Most suggestions made for improving quality are good and in the right direction, but I am afraid that most of these may/ will not produce results in a time bound manner, so we shall keep loosing the future of those who keep crossing schooling threshold.

May be, a policy that links, say 5-10%, of budget to 'learning outcome', will have higher chance of success. When faced with the choice of not having money in the absence of success, mind and body will really concentrate to get the results. It simply means that a section will have to be set up in each State Government's education department to handle 5-10% of education budget that can be spent only when assured gains in children's learning takes place, assessed by an independent agency appointed by the Government.

Pankaj Jain
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Quote: "Assessed by an independent agency appointed by the Government".

Unquote: Sure way to kill the issue. Why the govt and its independent [?] agency?
We know how the govt selects the agencies.

PRI and civil society are not competent to verify the performance of schools in their locality!

British were telling us that we were incompetent to rule ourselves. Now educated pundits tell us
that the centralised govt, its corrupt bureaucracy and the 'independent' agencies [all the three are sucking aliens]
only know what is good for the people.

Lesser the govt and bureaucracy and least of the alien parasitical experts will ensure better life for the people.

Sankaran
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/

Dear Pankaj,

Let me also try delving into your suggestion and in the process also seek a few clarifications. Do you mean linking 5-10% of the teacher and education officials 'Salary' budget to 'learning outcome'? Are you pointing towards a policy of performance based salaries? If this is the case, may be raise the percentage higher? Going by your understanding that money is short and results are poor, the need is to apply more pressure to get everyone on their feet.

And, I should think, the 'Assessment' can be done by an independent agency appointed by an all party parliamentary committee advised by non-governmental education experts/practitioners of the Country. NGO partners of the government would also like to stay out of this to make the whole enquiry impartial.

I agree with all the issues raised by members following your response to my mail.

Thank you and regards,

Naaz

Dear Naaz,

My suggestion has some nuances, though broadly, you get the drift of thinking.

I mean performance linked budget. It is difficult to link salary to performance, because the performance is produced by too many interacting people, some of whom perform well and some do not. Further, it is possible to show that apparently each has performed minimally well, still the minimum desired results are not produced. Knowing a bit about the way system function, I feel that accountability has to be pitched at the level of head of a system-group of people, who will take responsibility to deliver agreed results for a given budget.

My feeling is that linking more than 5-10% budget to outcome will not be politically feasible, so let us keep it realistic.

Regarding assessment, your way of thinking is absolutely right.

Pankaj

Education is a state subject. What is the role of a Parliamentary Committee here?

It is a great injustice that education has been included in the concurrent list.
It must be set right at once.

Even state ministers and secys do not understand the dist-wise educational needs.
How can a Kapil Sibal and a few ivory tower secys in Delhi understand what type of education is
needed by my village, taluk and dist?

India is a sub-continent. You can't have a uniform syllabus from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.

Education is for creative living. Definitely not to create rank slaves and cyber coolies to serve
alien banias within and without.

Our educational system only can produce a Vice Chancellor [Anna University] who has the audacity
to defend the donation collected from Dow Chemicals.

You need such education?

Sankaran

Dear All,

I would rather that Education is a Panchayat/Local bodies subject, which it actually is, under the 73rd/74th Amendment of the Constitution of India, but is not (in implementation), because States and the Centre oppose the idea tooth and nail. States reverse any effort aimed at panchayat meaningfully assuming charge of primary education. In the process the educational needs of economically and socially marginalised communities remain un-addressed. Just now we have Centre, State and Local Bodies run schools and they are all at different levels, in my experience the Centre run schools in high priority compared to the State and Local Bodies run schools.

But on the issue of performance linked budget, Pankaj, please explain the brass-tacks of the whole thing. How do you visualise it could happen? What would it involve?

Regards,

Naaz


Dear Naaz,

The effective and decentralized decision making at the level of even Taluka Panchayat, leave alone any lower level, is incompatibe with our current Government School system, which is designed as an integrated State level monopoly. Teachers are currently recruited by State system, and only posted at local body level. State level bodies take all critical decisions about the curriculum and resource-budget use.

Transferring effective control over education to Panchayat body would require major restructuring that would be fierecely opposed by teachers' unions, and frankly, it would end up promoting PPP school model, which is easy to control by a local body. I am not sure, many forum members really want that.

The brass-track of performance linked budget can vary, but in essence the budget would be approved for agencies with track record of qualiy performance, and renewal of budget over years, would be conditional to children attaining specified learning norms.

pankaj

Dear Prof Rao,

I beg to disagree with your statement. Our languages are not problems. They are our proud heritage.

Caste is our worst curse. Imposing English and Hindi is equally a curse.

A Polish scholar who extensively toured our countryside decalared, "English is a Cross on Indian children". Definitely not our languages.

Sankara Narayanan

Dear Sir,

I agree in toto with Mr. Sankara Narayanan that caste is our worst curse - a virus for which there is no medicine and prescription. In the morning when you switch on the TV you find great Pandits teaching: feed a dog, give milk to a cat and to a snake, throw oil somewhere, wear this or that color outside and a different inside .... are the ones responsible for such a mess in this country.

You may soon see some articles written by me on this subject in some news papers. We are sick minded people and are breeding sickness of the highest order in the minds of our generations and we call them as future of this country. Today,Bharat Mata is in tears when she is seeing the phenomenon of 'Honor Killings' which is solely driven by casteism and communalisation of the socieities. Who is responsible for all this? A question to be answered by over 1 Billion people of this country.

My regards

P.S.NAROTRA

Dear Pankaj,

I am unable to understand the rationale of asking others for suggestions, when you proceed to ignore everything others suggest. However, since you seem to have an idea of investing a tenth of the budget on “learning outcomes” measured by “standardized testing”, it would be useful to understand what sort of activities would you intend those to be- that is apart from the hiring of trained teachers, strengthening teacher training, strengthening decentralization and accountability mechanisms and ensuring availability of learning materials (and overall school infrastructure) in the classroom. All of these have been suggested by multiple posters on this forum and have been rejected by you as inadequate and/or impractical.

However, while you go on to describe your agenda, a quick comment on the use of standardized testing to measure quality. It is arguably the most highly opposed policy in the west (googling for costs of high stakes testing gives 120,000 hits in 0.17 seconds). These include, discrimination against schools with minority (read dalit) populations (which would start with lower test scores), discrimination against minority (read dalit and adivasi) pupils who potentially may pull the school result down, promotion of cheating and corruption (to ensure that the result is maintained), pulling precious resources from teaching (which improves performance) to testing (which only measures it), and has negative impact on the child’s morale (having low performance drilled into you every time), impacting the ability of teachers to innovate (since they have to teach for the “test”) and has converted the process of education into merely achieving marketable basic competencies (in contrast to holistic child development). Thing is, apart from all this- it is also questionable if the learning levels are actually improving across the board. Consequently, it would be essential to take the current enthusiasm about “testing”, “outcomes” and other related issues with a pinch of salt learning from the countries where this practice was started first.
Anjela R V Taneja
Program Officer, Education Theme,
ActionAid India Country Office
Mobile: 09958087043

Dear Anjela and All,

I do not have a solution to this big problem, I only have a concern which, I think, is shared by large many.

I tried to initiate the discussion to stimulate each other's thinking, and some of us might also act on these thoughts.

Regarding the specific idea of outcome assessment, it is only one systemic way to hold people accountable for their claims, whatever these are. If you have a better way to ensure accountability, which goes beyound unverifiable claims, please do share that with us all. Otherwise, the exercise would just remain empty slogans and claims. It alsoi brings into operation the concern to achieve the goal in a time-bound fashion.

Pankaj
Source: Shaheen Ansari, Right to Education, Arkitect India: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
          Discussion Paper for Building a Movement for Right To Education   
ALL INDIA FORUM FOR RIGHT TO EDUCATION
A Discussion Paper for Building
a Movement for Right To Education

PART I: BACKGROUND AND POLICY PERSPECTIVE
The All India Forum for Right to Education (AIF-RTE) was constituted at the Osmania University campus in Hyderabad during a seminar on ‘Right to Education and Common School System’ organized by the A.P. Save Education Committee in collaboration with the Centre for Human Rights, University of Hyderabad on 21-22 June 2009. Based upon its Hyderabad Declaration (June 2009), AIF-RTE built up a nation-wide campaign to resist the ‘The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Bill, 2009’, then pending in the Parliament. However, the flawed anti-Constitutional, anti-education and anti-child Bill became ‘The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009’ (henceforth referred to as ‘Right to Education Act, 2009’ or simply the RTE Act) on 26th August 2009. This is in spite of sustained democratic protest and steadily emerging public critique for more than a decade.

The Hyderabad Declaration also implied that the present ill-funded multi-layered school system embedded in inequality and discrimination would not only expedite the pace of privatization and commercialization but also result in making education increasingly more expensive. This means that vast sections of Indian society will continue to be excluded from the education system, thereby being denied equal opportunity to benefit from development. The Hyderabad Declaration further presented an alternative vision of moving towards a fully public-funded Common School System based on Neighbourhood Schools from pre-primary stage to senior secondary stage (i.e. Class XII) which alone can guarantee free education of equitable quality to all children without any discrimination whatsoever.

1.0 A Brief Overview of the Policies and People’s Response
What is the logical basis of our consistent resistance to the RTE Act, 2009? This understanding emerges from our analysis of the neo-liberal historical context of the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002 in which the RTE Act is embedded. Let us take a brief overview. The above-named Constitutional amendment (i) deprived more than 17 crore children below six years of age of their existing Fundamental Right to early childhood care and pre-primary education; and (ii) further reduced the existing Fundamental Right of the 6-14 year age group children to what would amount to merely a Statutory Right, through a conditionality in Article 21A. The latter Article, introduced by the Constitutional Amendment Act, states that free and compulsory education shall be provided to the 6-14 year age group “in such manner as the State may, by law, determine”. No other Fundamental Right in the Constitution is subjected to this arbitrariness of the State. Seven years later, as was anticipated, the so-called RTE Act, 2009, liquidated the Fundamental Right of the 6-14 year age group to education of equitable quality at the elementary stage (i.e. Class I-VIII). Indeed, the Act legitimizes the discriminatory multi-layered school system - a direct consequence of the World Bank-IMF conditionality of structural adjustment imposed on Indian economy and implemented through the neo-liberal schemes such as the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) of 1990s and the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) of the first decade of the 21st century. This led to rapid deterioration in the quality of the vast government school system of about 12 lakh schools, except for certain categories of elite government schools (i.e. Central, Navodaya and Sainik Schools), thereby preparing the ground for mushrooming of both low-cost and expensive private schools. Instead of putting a ban on trade and profiteering in education, the Act facilitates private managements to mint money by giving them free hand in deciding their own fee structure and underpaying teachers. It further provided for siphoning of public funds to private agencies (corporate houses, trusts, religious bodies and NGOs) through the so-called reimbursement scheme to promote the farce of 25% reservation for ‘free’ education. This means that the Act legitimizes the neo-liberal guru Milton Friedman’s idea of school vouchers, a significant form of Public Private Partnership (PPP). Further, the Act fell far short of people’s expectation of a Fundamental Right to education of equitable quality for all children up to age of 18 years (i.e. from pre-primary to Class XII) through a Common School System based on Neighborhood Schools.

The Hyderabad Declaration (June, 2009) summarized the AIF-RTE position as indicated below:
“The following three cynical objectives of the central government can be identified in tabling such a misconceived Bill:
First, abdicating its Constitutional obligation for providing free and compulsory education of equitable quality;
Second, demolishing the government school system, except the schools of specified categories (Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas, XI plan’s 6,000 model schools, and similar elite schools of the States/UT governments); and
Third, increasing the pace of privatization and commercialization of school education.

We have been for long urging upon the Union Government to,
1. replace the pending Bill with a new Bill drafted in the framework of the ‘Common School System based on Neighborhood Schools’ in consonance with the basic spirit and principles enshrined in the Constitution;
2. review the 86th constitutional amendment Act (2002) with a view to providing a Fundamental Right to free and compulsory education of equitable quality to all children until the age of eighteen years i.e. from pre-primary education to class XII without any conditionality whatsoever;
3. incorporate a Constitutional guarantee within the Bill for providing adequate funding for the entire school system. This is precisely the implication of a fundamental right.
4. include in the Bill a provision to completely ban all forms of privatization and commercialization of education, especially Public Private Partnership, adoption of schools by private agencies and voucher schools;
5. hold public hearings in all district headquarters of the country in a democratic and transparent manner in the process of drafting the new Bill.”
(Also incorporated with appropriate modifications in the AIF-RTE Memorandum dated August 7, 2009 to the President of India, after the Bill was passed by the Parliament.)

The Parliament passed the RTE Bill on 4th August 2009, despite several amendment motions being moved but rejected. Within three days of this event, AIF-RTE organized a well-attended Public Hearing at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi and sent a detailed Memorandum to the President of India (see Annexure I) after holding a rally on the Parliament Street (our repeated requests for permission to present the Memorandum to the President in person were ignored). The copies of the Bill were burnt publicly at being stopped at the Parliament Police Station, entirely in the Gandhian spirit of civil disobedience. We adopted this method of protest as the Bill was passed without holding a single Public Hearing since its drafting began in CABE’s Kapil Sibal Committee in November 2004. In the process, the central government ignored all democratic voices of protest, including intellectual critique, both within and outside official forums, thereby rejecting repeated appeals for dialogue.

Later, AIF-RTE responded to the call given by the Lok Rajniti Manch to observe 19th September 2009 as a national protest day against the Act on a decentralized basis by holding public meetings, dharnas and rallies at district headquarters. AIF-RTE’s member-organisations in different states sent a ‘Letter of Disappointment’ to the Prime Minister. Reportedly, this protest was held in creative and diverse ways in almost 100 district headquarters in various parts of the country and, in some states like Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, the programmes of building awareness, presentation of Memoranda and public mobilization are continuing to date.

The RTE Bill was signed by the President on 26th August 2009 and published in the Gazette of India on 27th August 2009. Now that the Bill has become an Act, there is an urgent need to review the recent developments in the entire education policy scenario (including higher and technical education) and the announcements being made (and also withdrawn/ modified!) in rapid succession by the Union Ministry of HRD and the Planning Commission. Such a critical overview will enable us to reveal the hidden agenda of the above RTE Act in the perspective of political economy and also to meaningfully strategize our future programme, keeping in mind the present political, economic and social context.

On 7-8 November 2009, AIF-RTE organized a national consultation of its member-organisations in Delhi in collaboration with the Equal Opportunity Cell of the University of Delhi. Apart from reviewing and re-iterating the Hyderabad Declaration, the above national consultation referred to Article 41 of the Constitution and Supreme Court’s Unnikrishnan Judgment (1993) and concluded that the Right to Education extends beyond the age of 14 years to include secondary and higher education as well. Whereas, in the case of elementary education (i.e. Class I to VIII), the State is under unconditional obligation to guarantee free education of equitable quality, the State is required by Article 41 to “make effective provision for securing” Right to Education at secondary and higher education levels “within the limits of its economic capacity and development.” This consensus at the national consultation significantly expanded the scope of the emerging discourse and struggle relating to Right to Education in the country.

The Delhi consultation further acknowledged that Public Private Partnership (PPP) constitutes the latest and most potent neo-liberal assault on education and must be recognized as one of the priority agenda of resistance in the Right to Education movement. The Delhi Charter issued by the consultation outlined the organizational structure of AIF-RTE, spelt out its strategic objectives and suggested ways and means of building the movement to engage various sections of society and to cover all states/ UTs.

As decided at the Delhi consultation, AIF-RTE organized an all-India Parliament March during the Budget Session on 24th February 2010. About 5,000 people representing 26 member-organisations of AIF-RTE from 11 states and several other associated grassroots organizations joined the Parliament March. AIF-RTE member-organisations today include several all-India as well state-level teachers and students organizations, apart from groups engaged in securing Right to Education. The Parliament March presented a comprehensive agenda for the Right to Education movement, giving a nation-wide call for resisting the government policies to set up Foreign Universities, siphon public funds to the private sector under the pretext of PPP in education and place education for sale in the global market through WTO-GATS.

On April 1, 2010, AIF-RTE observed a Black Day to protest against the implementation of the so-called RTE Act at district headquarters in a decentralized mode.

2.0 Emerging Contours of the Neo-liberal Assault on Education
The national consultation held in November 2009 took note of the following three policy-related documents that mark the emerging contours of the neo-liberal agenda being pursued by the central government (with the state governments essentially consenting at the latest CABE meeting):
1. Yashpal Committee Report on “Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher Education”.
2. Public Private Partnership in School Education – A Concept Note of the Ministry of HRD.
3. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, Ministry of HRD.

As part of his 100-day agenda announced on 25th June 2009, the Union HRD Minister Kapil Sibal announced that the government would implement the Yash Pal Committee Report on Higher Education. Admittedly, this much-hyped Report talks of some good things about the idea of a University. Yet, the Report in the ultimate analysis upheld the neo-liberal agenda in the field of education. It rationalized and invited private universities, foreign universities and PPP in the higher and technical education sector. It recommended differential fee structure which is but only a back door entry for privatization of public-funded Universities and profiteering in education. It recommended liquidation (subsuming) of all Apex Bodies like UGC, AICTE, NCTE, MCI and others and establishment of a single window high empowered National Council for Higher Education and Research (NCHER) which will draw its resources directly from Ministry of Finance and thus not be accountable to the Ministry of HRD mandated for this purpose. The Report fails to explain why this NCHER will not go the same way as the existing Apex Bodies which it proposes to dissolve or subsume. Given the neo-liberal stance of the present education policy, NCHER would predictably only facilitate unquestioned and unbridled trading in the higher and technical education sector and open the doors for foreign universities, FDI and WTO. The Yash Pal Committee’s NCHER is profiled as even a more powerful and democratically less accountable version of Sam Pitroda’s National Knowledge Commission-recommended Independent Regulatory Authority for Higher Education (IRA for HE) envisaged along the lines of the World Bank-recommended IRAs for every service sector in every country. These IRAs are designed to bypass the political process and to facilitate global corporate trade.

Again, a great danger is looming large in the form of Doha Round Negotiations. India has already submitted its ‘offers’ in Higher Education Sector to GATS Council. If India does not withdraw its ‘offers’ before the conclusion of the Doha Round, the ‘offers’ automatically become ‘commitments’ on the part of India allowing all WTO members to indulge in trade and profiteering in higher and technical education sector in India.

During the past six months, the UPA Government has felt emboldened to increase the pace of neo-liberal assault on education. To a great extent, this became possible due to the combined effect of the ambivalent or submissive stance of the political parties and media and a high profile but compliant section of the academia. Accordingly, the following legislations have been introduced in the Parliament or the decisions taken, almost without any public consultation whatsoever:
• An amendment Bill placed in Rajya Sabha in April 2010 to further dilute and disempower the RTE Act, 2009;
• Four Bills placed in Lok Sabha in May 2010 relating to higher education including the highly controversial ‘The Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of Entry and Operations) Bill, 2010’;
• Declaration in mid-February 2010 that, after the RTE Act is enforced (which happened on April 1, 2010), the private schools will be free to hike their fees and underpay teachers and, more significantly, the existing state laws empowering the state governments to monitor and regulate the fee structure and functioning of private schools, shall become infructuous;
• Union Budget for the year 2010-11 with negligible or insignificant increase in allocations, even for the much hyped RTE Act, 2009; the modest increases in certain specific provisions can be explained in terms of the central government’s commitment to siphon public funds and other resources (e.g. land) through PPP to corporate houses and/ or open certain elite categories of institutions in order to include a handful while excluding the masses or relegating them to sub-standard education;
• Move to establish an Educational Finance Corporation Ltd. that will extend low-interest and long-term loans to corporate houses, NGOs and religious bodies to set up educational institutions covering all stages and dimensions of education;
• Widening the scope of PPP steadily and, more often than not, stealthily; and
• Refusing to review and withdraw the “offers” made at WTO for making India’s education a tradable commodity in the world market.

A gestalt (integrated/ holistic) analysis of the above-named documents and policy stances along with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) scheme, XI Plan, the so-called RTE Act and the recent Bills to promote foreign universities and seek FDI leads us to infer that the State is,
i) rapidly abdicating its Constitutional obligation towards the entire education sector - from pre-primary and elementary education to higher and technical education;
ii) steadily withdrawing public funds (computed as percentage of GDP) from all sectors of education, even in the case of elementary education for the 6-14 year age group children covered by the so-called RTE Act;
iii) determined to push Public Private Partnership (PPP) as its main policy instrument for promoting education which implies that public funds shall be siphoned off and other resources (land, technical support, credibility) shifted to corporate capital, NGOs and religious bodies on a fast track mode, as per World Bank policies (in the case of primary education, this agenda was adopted by the Government of India in 1990 through the Jomtien Declaration, promoted jointly by the World Bank and UN agencies; this agenda now stands extended to the entire education sector);
iv) promoting, both overtly and covertly, unregulated profiteering in education;
v) increasing the pace of privatization and commercialization by (a) deteriorating the quality of education of the vast government school system, except certain categories of elite schools, while withdrawing public funding; (b) pursuing the same agenda in higher education as well; and (c) not undertaking any credible programme of improving the quality of the existing 22,000 odd colleges and 500 plus universities even as the political attention is diverted from this priority task by the rhetoric of setting up a handful of central or innovative universities/ IIMs/ IITs/ IISERs or bringing in foreign universities and FDI;
vi) exacerbating inequality and exclusion through a multi-layered education system with parallel layers of varying quality;
vii) replacing basic science, social science and humanities courses by market-driven self-financed ‘applied’ courses which amounts to a major epistemological (‘knowledge-related’) shift with serious socio-political implications, including for national sovereignty;
viii) enacting new policy provisions and legislation in order to (a) provide market for second grade (or even worse) foreign universities in India; and (b) distort teaching and research for the purpose of building a skilled but cheap (employable at low wages) and slavish workforce for the benefit of the global market;
ix) increasingly outsourcing policy formulation, preparation of curriculum and text material and all other aspects of educational planning to corporate houses and NGOs;
x) inviting FDI in all sectors of education; and
xi) offering education for global trade under the GATS/ WTO.

3.0 Misconceived Premises
The above neo-liberal agenda promotes the following misconceived premises:
a) the State does not have adequate resources to provide quality education for all children and youth and, therefore, it has no option but to depend upon private (and foreign) sources for funding;
b) education is a service in the service sector and a private good, rather than being a Right (or an entitlement) and a public good;
c) the Constitutional principles of equality and social justice can be replaced by the neo-liberal principle of inclusion, wherein the extent of inclusion, whom to include or whom to exclude and the criteria of inclusion are determined by the global market in its own vested interest;
d) instead of being an instrument of social development or transformation, education is a commodity tradable in the global market and, therefore, profiteering through education is a valid objective, just like in any other trade;
e) the relationship between the educational institution and the student is that of producer and consumer and, therefore, every student has to pay ‘user charges’ equivalent to the cost of education being provided plus profit (this is World Bank’s formulation);
f) private agencies can render better, efficient and cost effective services; and
g) market should determine the character of knowledge;


The essence of neo-liberal agenda lies in redefining the aim of education policy for building an unquestioning and slavish workforce (which includes, apart from skilled personnel, highly educated elite such as biotechnologists, nuclear scientists, economists, demographers, teachers, engineers, doctors and legal experts) for the global market. Ironically, most of this workforce will be prepared by using public funds in the PPP mode. This is in sharp contrast to the Preamble of the Constitution that directs the State to build an education system for promoting a democratic, socialist, secular, egalitarian and just society in the Republic of India!

The education system must be envisioned such that it can respond with sensitivity to the people’s aspirations for equitable distribution of resources, optimization of socio-cultural and knowledge-related diversity and securing civil liberties and democratic rights, as guaranteed by the Constitution.


PART II: EVOLVING THE FUTURE STRATEGY
The organizations and individuals who founded AIF-RTE as well as those who joined it later uncompromisingly opposed both the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 2002 and the farcical RTE Act 2009 from the day these legislations were mooted in the form of Draft Bills. We could not, however, prevent the ruling class from pushing these Acts through the Parliament. Yet, we have succeeded to a large extent in creating a wide-ranging debate among several sections of society in different parts of the country. It is high time that we now undertake a review of the recent developments in the education policy and consider a strategy shift in our struggle for Right to Education.

The gestalt analysis undertaken in Part I enabled us to identify the misconceived premises in which the neo-liberal agenda of education is firmly embedded. We know that no struggle against the neo-liberal assault on education can move forward without theoretically challenging the validity of each of these premises severally and together and finally demolishing them. This task must be accompanied by undertaking a political programme of building public pressure for reversal of the anti-people agenda of the ruling class and its replacement by a pro-people policy framework rooted in an alternative set of premises.

With this purpose in mind, we may have to formulate immediate, medium-term and long-term goals of our struggle. We may also need to formulate an approach of maintaining a strategic distinction from the compromising forces and unity with fighting forces. Let us initiate a debate on all such questions.

4.0 Immediate Agenda for Struggle
4.1 Trade and Public Private Partnership (PPP) constitute the latest twin neo-liberal assaults in all fields of the service sector, including critical social entitlements like education, health and food. AIF-RTE may have to concentrate its struggles against these new attacks. In order to mobilize people for this purpose, we may have to identify relevant issues, local or otherwise, and fight issue-wise also. The many facets of issues relating to increasing levels of trade and PPP in education are bound to become evident during implementation of a variety of government programmes, schemes and legislations. These would include the RTE Act, RMSA, Education Finance Corporation, setting up of Foreign Universities and colleges (and Indian private universities and colleges as well), allocation of land, low-interest loans, income tax exemptions and hidden subsidies to private educational providers and establishing Yash Pal Committee’s NCHER. The mobilization built up though such local struggles will help us to wage wider struggles against the ensuing Private University Bill, Foreign Educational Institutions Bill and the NCHER Bill. The Forum may also need to organize a nation-wide campaign demanding the withdrawal of the ‘offers’ submitted to the GATS Council on Higher Education Sector. To put it all briefly, all the struggles proposed above are struggles against the new attacks on the existing Rights of the people. which we may ignore only as a result of a historic misjudgment on our part. Of course, we have to take forward our alternative constructive agenda simultaneously.

4.2 The implementation of the RTE Act since April 1, 2010 has led to a new but altogether anticipated situation that AIF-RTE will have to learn to deal with. The central government along with the state/ UT governments have begun to organize a large number of high profile official functions, seminars and workshops and training programmes to disseminate its propaganda, misinform and disinform people and to engage corporate houses, NGOs and religious bodies in the implementation of the Act. Official agencies both at the centre (e.g. NCPCR) and the state-level (e.g. NGO-like structures set up for SSA) are leading this campaign. The corporate-controlled media (both print and electronic) is fully endorsing this propaganda. International Funding Agencies as well as the inter-governmental agencies (e.g. UNICEF) are going around the country organizing both public and in-house meetings and telling their funded partners to fall in line lest their funding is jeopardized. There are subtle and not-so-subtle structures, processes and directives designed to engage intellectuals in endorsing the Act. For instance, state-level Commissions have been constituted engaging intellectuals (including those who opposed the Act until recently) in formulating rules and regulations for the Act. Shortly, we would hear of state-level advisory boards being constituted under the provisions of the Act which will further co-opt both the intellectuals and activists in the neo-liberal agenda under the pretext of ‘kuchh nahin se kuchh to achha!’.

In this backdrop, AIF-RTE member-organisations are already under pressure to take a position that would make sense to the masses. Given our logical stand vis-à-vis the Act (see Part I), we have no option but to evolve an agenda of critical engagement with the Act both at grassroots and macro-level. This critical engagement may be grounded in the three-point strategic framework as follows –

First, take up local issues emerging from the ongoing official implementation of the Act with the purpose of exposing State’s hidden agenda of abdication of its Constitutional obligation, institutionalizing inequality and discrimination through a multi-layered school system and increasing the pace of privatization and commercialization through PPP (concrete examples of this are already evident in urban bastis and villages and, interestingly, among the middle class parents as well who send their children to expensive private unaided schools);

Second, intervene in the ongoing implementation of strategically selected provisions for short periods in order to mobilize people and public mind in moving beyond the Act in the direction of our goal of public funded CSS-NS (e.g. fighting for the concept of fully free education including books (not just textbooks), computers and other learning aids, transport, hostels and opportunity cost; seeking genuine neighbourhood schools as per Kothari Commission; precipitating crisis with regard to the contradictions between the curricular goals of the Act and the quality, status, service-cum-working conditions and training of teachers; demanding all schools to be upgraded, at least in the first phase, to the norms and standards of Central Schools; exposing the contradiction of the Act’s increasing dependence (and promotion through PPP) on low cost inferior quality private schools; demanding fully free education for all components of educational and contingent expenses for the children admitted (or not admitted!) in private and specific category schools under the 25% provision along with resisting all elements of inequality and discrimination inherent therein; integration of the disabled in the mainstream schools by provision of all necessary support systems for equitable learning); and

Third, interweave all such local struggles built through the above two modes of critical engagement in order to create public opinion against the Act such that the nation-wide democratic movement will be strong enough by the next general election to seek replacement of the present Act by a new Act rooted in the concept of a public-funded CSS-NS.

The strength of the afore-mentioned strategic framework with regard to the RTE Act lies in the inevitability of the consequent mobilization merging with the mobilization against trade and PPP in secondary and higher education as well. This only reinforces our analysis that trade and PPP constitute the priority agenda of resistance in the present stage of the AIF-RTE movement.

5.0 Long-Term Goals
The peoples of India require a well functioning, decentralized, participative and diversity-sensitive public-funded education system in order to strengthen their democratic and secular polity rooted in equality and social justice. We believe that this goal of public education system, either at school level or in higher education, can not be achieved until and unless there is an unconditional ban on trade and PPP in education in all forms. Also, the public education system can neither sustain itself nor grow without adequate, meaningful and creative allotment of budgetary resources. Such allotment should be accorded the kind of political priority by the State that is deserved by a Right, Fundamental or otherwise, of the people. Let us also underline here that creative and adequate allocation of public funds is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for establishing the education system of people’s aspirations. However, we can’t but note with deep concern the new trend of public funds being siphoned off to private agencies under different modes of PPP. Therefore, an unconditional ban on trade in education, adequate and meaningful allotment in budget for education as a political priority and abandonment of PPP are the essential (yet not sufficient) conditions for a well-founded public education system that can provide education of equitable quality to all sections of society. AIF-RTE may require taking up a protracted campaign for such essential conditions.

6.0 Substantive Elements of Transformative Goals
6.1 The apologists of the neo-liberal agenda chose to operate only within the scope defined by the State. They tend to uncritically accept and even get readily involved in implementation of policy measures that are designed as ‘lollipops’. The apologists prefer to ignore the State’s hidden agenda of diverting socio-political attention from people’s long-standing core aspirations for equitable share in development. However, we also have a constraint that we have to formulate our immediate demands of struggle on the basis of the level of awareness and organization of the people, both of which need to be urgently raised and enriched. Of course, we also must ensure that our immediate demands of struggle are formulated in conformity with the long-term goals of transformation to a public-funded Common School System based in Neighbourhood Schools and also a public-funded higher education system guaranteeing equal opportunity to all sections of society for acquiring as well as contributing to advanced knowledge. The learned democratic sections of society, however, should keep on raising the banner for transformative goals even as we are engaged in building a democratic movement on the basis of our immediate demands. This means that AIF-RTE may have to formulate such substantive demands which, on the one hand, are the elements of the transformative goals like CSS-NS and, on the other, can draw masses of the people into the vortex of a democratic movement eventually leading to transformative goals.

6.2 Let us try to identify such substantive elements of the Rights of the child that are essential for building the Common School System (CSS-NS). We can list below the Rights of the child to:
a) balanced nutrition, health support and security during early childhood;
b) pre-primary, elementary and secondary education;
c) education of equitable quality through all stages from pre-primary to Class XII;
d) education without discrimination irrespective of child’s class, caste, cultural, religious, linguistic, gender or disability (physical or mental) background;
e) comprehensive affirmative action i.e. all necessary material, pedagogic and moral support to be guaranteed in order to enable the child to complete her school education as per curricular expectations;
f) have at least one teacher per class whose qualifications, pre-service training, service-cum-working conditions, participation in curricular formation and social status conform to the prevailing NCTE norms and curricular requirements;
g) study in genuine Neighborhood School (not the misconceived ‘neighbourhood school’ of the RTE ACT);
h) schools managed through decentralized and democratic participation of the parents, community and local body representatives;
i) study in her own language(s) and through it to learn from the global body of knowledge interlinked critically with her own socio-cultural milieu such that diversity is optimised; and
j) study in regular schools/ classrooms irrespective of the type of her disability, physical or mental, with the exception of extreme cases where special schools would become inevitable.

Yet, parts do not make the whole, but we know that the whole can not be made without parts. On the other hand, CSS-NS also significantly implies –
i) legislative binding on the central and state/ UT governments to spend not less than a specified minimum percentage of GDP on education;
ii) abolition of trade and PPP in all forms in education at all stages;
iii) amendment of Article 19 (1) (g) of the Constitution to exclude education, health and social welfare from its purview in order to prevent trade in social entitlements (what about food and water?);
iv) exclusion of inequalities and inclusion of diversities; and
v) space for creativity and charting new paths in education without violating or diluting any of the afore-mentioned conditions.

To put it all in a popular language, some of the immediate demands to which people would readily respond and also which can form the essential elements of transformative goals may be as follows:

1) The Right of the child must include Right to holistic early childhood care, pre-primary education and secondary education up to the age of 18 years along with elementary education;
2) All government schools should be upgraded at least to the norms and standards of the Central Schools as a medium-term goal;
[Note: In the process of the struggle for this demand, people would also begin to perceive that a school striving to catalyse transformative education through critical pedagogy shall have the potential of surpassing the best of the present day status-quoist schools steeped in market hegemony.]
3) All material, curricular and moral support required by the child like books (not merely textbooks), food, clothing, secure residence, transport and such other elements must be guaranteed to the child (including the disabled child) to help her complete education up to Class XII; the universally acknowledged need for providing Opportunity Cost for children of families surviving on minimum or even lower wages may also be included as an immediate demand at an appropriate stage of the movement;
4) All necessary support must be guaranteed for the disabled children within the Common School System while having provision for special schools in cases of only extreme disability;
5) Trade in education should be abolished and all forms of Public Private Partnership be scrapped;
6) The long-term goal of achieving Common School System based on Neighborhood School (CSS-NS) as the universal system in India must critically inform the formulation and content of all immediate demands as well as the pedagogy of our struggle.

6.3 Substantive Demands in higher and technical education may be:
i) There shall be at least one Comprehensive (i.e. multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary) Public-funded University with provision for advanced studies in all areas of knowledge in each and every district throughout the country. It shall also be required to undertake district-specific (or geo-cultural region-specific) studies and root itself in the district’s socio-cultural, environmental and developmental context;
ii) All institutions of higher and technical education in the district should be affiliated to the aforesaid district university which should be enriched to creatively respond to the intellectual and professional needs of the district. It should be able to cater to the comprehensive educational needs and aspirations of the youth of the district while also having a provision for admitting a definite percentage of students from outside the district;
iii) In spite of being entirely publicly funded, the University shall have complete autonomy from the State (as also religion) and be accountable to the world of knowledge, on the one hand, and to the people of the district where it is located, on the other. It should be completely financed by the central and state governments, with the centre taking comparatively a larger share of responsibility;
iv) Market-oriented courses like fashion technology and obscurantist courses like astrology are to be replaced by socially orientated secular and scientific courses; self-financed courses will have no place in the aforesaid university system;
v) All institutions of higher and technical education are to be attached with hostels with entirely free boarding and lodging facilities in order to enable poor and rural students to pursue and complete their education.
vi) A minimum of thirty percent of the relevant age group (i.e. 18-24 years) should have equal opportunity for higher and technical education by the end of the XII Five Year Plan; and
vii) No fee or charges in any form or under any pretext shall be collected from the students either by public or by private institutions.

6.4 Demand for a Ban on Trade in Education: A well conceived Public Education System including the Common School System (CSS-NS) can not be in place until and unless there is a ban on trade and profiteering in education. There are provisions in the Constitution to ban trade in education in all forms but the option is left to the State whether to ban or not to ban such a trade. We may have to fight for a Constitutional amendment to Article 19 (1)(g) to ensure that the Constitution clearly provides against trade, business and privatized (i.e. profit-oriented) occupation in education, health and such other critical social entitlements (food and water may also be considered in this category). The best safeguard may be that the collection of fee in public or private institutions at all stages of education is treated as trade and such trade is banned.

6. 5 In brief, our strategy may be to,
a) mobilize public opinion against every new attack of the State on hard won educational Rights of the people;
b) constantly propagate transformative goals in the field of education; and
c) to mobilize the masses on certain substantive demands as envisaged above and to build pressure on the State to achieve them.

It may be that such mass movements for substantial demands can create an atmosphere where the State will become apprehensive to make newer attacks, not just on education but also on other democratic rights and civil liberties as well. If we are successful on certain substantive demands, we can raise still many more substantive demands and mobilize more people behind the movement and, along with this, we can popularize the transformative goals until we achieve them. A critical issue, here, is to learn to establish organic linkages with the social movements on issues of jal-jangal-zameen and jeevika. This is because we envisage education movement as an all pervading movement with multi-dimensional linkages!

7.0 Spread of Organization and Unity Move
The spread of organization is an urgent requirement. Our all-India forum does not have units in all states. Even in those states where we have our member-organizations, they do not have district units in all districts. Hence, it may be our urgent task to identify like-minded organizations in every state/ UT to join hands with. The member-organizations in different states/ UTs should also strive to build organizations and explore alliances to unite the forces of mass movement. Everywhere, the district units should develop contact with the people. However, this consultation may have to spell out what category of organizations can be contacted for a wider unity. The following few criteria may be viewed for the purpose.
a) The organizations should oppose trade in education and demand abolition of all forms of Public Private Partnership and this shall be the acid test;
b) It should stand for all pervading Public Education System including the Common School System (CSS-NS); and
c) It should fight for a minimum of one of the substantial demands listed above relating to its interested area in pursuit of achieving all pervading Pubic Education System founded on the principles of democracy, socialism, secularism and egalitarianism.
There are organizations which only fight for early childhood care and pre-primary education; there are some other organizations which fight for the Rights of the disabled children, so on and so forth. They may be thinking that their limited resources should be concentrated on the limited area to reach the people and pressurize the State. The main question is how do we differentiate genuine organizations with a limited agenda from the so-called civil society organizations floated and supported by the ruling class, also with a limited but a hidden agenda. It may be that those organization which fight against trade in education and against all forms of PPP in the areas (pre-primary, disabled and such others) in which they may focus, can be considered genuine for forming an alliance.

Annexure
i) The Hyderabad Declaration, June 2009.
ii) Memorandum dated 7th August 2009 to the President of India.
iii) Leaflet distributed at the Parliament March of 24th February 2010.
iv) Leaflet designed for observing April 1, 2010 as Black Day.
v) Charter approved at the AIF-RTE national consultation in November 2009.
          Politics of Low Cost Schooling and Low Teacher Salary   
Politics of Low Cost Schooling and Low Teacher Salary
Manish Jain
Sadhana Saxena
Source: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/message/7585

We have been following with interest and concern the debates generated by the writings of Jain and Dholakia in (2009; 2010). For some of us, it may be difficult to engage in a meaningful dialogue with the authors as the world views seem to be fundamentally different. For instance, in Jain and Dholakia’s world view most important concerns are ‘cost effectiveness’ and ‘efficiency’ as understood in the context of market. For them, education means achieving competencies in mathematics and language. Crucial though they are, learning of social and physical sciences or the larger aims of education like issues of equality and justice are not their concerns. More importantly, from the paradigm within which proposals are made it is clear that the authors are not interested in questioning the new economic order. On the contrary, economic order is considered as given or may be desirable or inevitable and the readers are being persuaded, through mathematical maneuvering, to fit in education with in this blatantly unjust order. The order in which priorities are decided by the demands of the market, the education of the marginalized has to be squeezed in through rampant privatization and the state facilitates handing over of the public resources to the private bodies in the name of PPP. Disturbingly PPP shamelessly proposes myriads ways of entering into contracts, a system where the private contractor can get away with exploitative conditions as the state ceases to be the employer. In fact, HRD minister has made it clear that what private schools pay to the teachers is not his concern.

To understand the proposals and arguments of these writings, following questions need to be asked: From what location in contemporary politics of education and the emerging research and funding networks, do they launch these economic reflections and gain legitimacy? What are the historical and theoretical roots of these proposals and economic choices? How do they visualize education, teaching and teacher and what are their silences? What are the ramifications of their suggestions?

Parental choice, promotion of private budget schools, PPP, cost effectiveness, and thus reform of public schooling along managerial lines form key issues in global educational policy discourse and research supported by multilateral agencies like WB. International management consultants, education businesses, researchers and research networks, policy think tanks, advocacy groups, partnerships between local and global actors, corporate philanthropic and charity foundations together form a strong interest group promoting these reforms (Nambissan and Ball: forthcoming). Thus, locating this intermeshing of agencies and their policy prescriptions is critical to understand the embeddedness and circulation of the emerging ‘research’ and advocacy networks. Nambissan and Ball (forthcoming) have shown that James Tooley with a firm grounding in think tanks in USA and UK and financial support from rightwing foundations supporting the philosophy of free market and even World Bank, has been able to operate in/with a complex network of research, advocacy and funding involved in promoting discourse of parental choice and advocating private schooling. Thus, use and defense of Tooley’s work by Jain and Dholakia is not simply a matter of learning from each other. That Jain was the World Bank’s nominee in the most recent Joint Review Mission of SSA reveals more about convergence of ideas and location.

Resource crunch?
Jain and Dholakia argue that even if allocation to education in budget is raised to 6% GDP, hiring ‘permanent regular school teachers’ in government schools and paying them salary recommended by the 6th pay commission would be ‘insufficient to ensure universal school education’. Paying such salaries is possible only if budget has a fiscal deficit of 22-23% or to ‘increase the tax revenues by more than double’. Shouldn’t we be asking, even if sounds clichéd: why not tax the rich and finance school education and pay decent salaries to the qualified teachers instead of promoting budget schools run by poorly paid and unqualified teachers, and largely funded by the deprived sections ?

The budgetary calculations, economic decisions and policy choices are not neutral but political in nature. Defining and redefining the poverty line and hairsplitting debates on APL and BPL depending on the way minimum nutritional requirements for different segments of the society are defined, is a good example of statistical jugglery. To answer the repeatedly asked question- from where to generate the funds, it would be instructive to look at some of the budget figures.

In the year 2008 and 2009, the adjusted revenues foregone in the central budgets were Rs. 2,85, 052 crores and Rs. 4,18,095 crores respectively and constituted 48.16% and 68.95% of aggregate tax collected (Chandra 2010: 46). In the recent budget, ‘over Rs. 500,000 crore in write-offs, direct and indirect’ have been gifted to the corporate. In last three budgets, direct tax concessions to corporate tax payers has been of the order of Rs. 2,08,000 crores (Sainath 2010). In 2005 the Ministry of Finance estimated a loss of central taxes due to SEZs ‘at Rs. 1,02, 600 crore in the next 4-5 years against the projected investment of Rs. 1,00,000 crore’ (Chandra 2010: 46). In Tamil Nadu ‘together with subsidized land (and direct VAT reimbursements), government is estimated to have paid Nokia Rs. 645.4 crore’ (Dutta 2009). Compare this tax relief granted to the rich and powerful with Rs. 1,71,000 crores, the total estimated amount required in next five years for the implementation of the Right to Education Act (Tilak 2010).

Thus, by questioning the studied silence of the authors about the large concessions granted to the richer sections and the corporate world and calculating these since 1991 may put the arguments made by Jain and Dholakia about budget deficit and increasing tax revenues in perspective.

History, politics and location of the proposals
Jain and Dholakia propose that ‘the only remaining alternative’ is ‘public-private partnership (PPP) in which low cost providers of school education, who pay much lower salary, cover a significant part of school education’ (2009: 41, 2010: 80). They argue that private sector, NGOs and hiring of para-teachers under different programmes like the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS), Shiksha Karmi and Alternative School/Centres under SSA have shown viability of this option.

Not just recognition but celebration of the policy of hiring teachers at low costs to justify its intensification by the duo itself indicates their agreement with the neoliberal policies pursued in education since 1990s. Decentralization of appointment of teachers and contract appointments were seen as an effective way of dealing with the teacher’s collective opposition to the reform process (Govinda and Josephine: 2005). Weakening of government school system and increasing privatization of education happened simultaneously in these reform years. Drawing from human capital and public choice theories, WB tried to promote an integrated world economy that operates by rules of market (World Bank 1995).

In the neoliberal ethos, deregulation of education and imposition of market discipline were seen as necessary to discipline the unjustifiably privileged middle class professionals like teachers and contain or reduce the educational expenditure. Concern about privileging the state employees and the high ‘compensation paid to civil servants’ was also expressed by World Bank (2003). It calculated that the ‘wages for selected categories of staff are consistently higher than they could expect to make in the private sector’. In comparison to 39 Asian countries where teacher’s salaries were 1.7 to 1 with reference to per capita GDP, in India it was 5 to 1 (World Bank 2003: 36). It was argued that ‘more emphasis needs to go to local market comparators’ (ibid: 37). Jain and Dholakia also argue that ‘the salary of a school- teacher in the private sector is almost 25% to 35% of the cost of government salary’ (2009: 41). They also calculate that primary teacher salaries in India exceed per capita GDP by seven times (2010: 79). If the GDP/teacher salary ratio in all other cited countries is taken as a norm, then the primary teacher’s monthly salary in India must range from Rs. 2129 to Rs. 4344.

In this perspective, paying this salary without benefits of security of job, pension and health related facility is not seen as exploitation but introduction of market discipline in the period of globalization. Clearly, different set of market rules apply to the CEOs of the India inc and fresh management graduates as instead of inviting concern for increasing the economic divide, their fat salary packages and raises are glorified by the media. Salaries of the upper echelons of bureaucracy also do not cause any alarm. One needs to ask when nearly 80% of the workforce in the unorganized sector earns less than Rs. 20 per day or less, who can afford the fee of Rs. 300/pm in private schools that may ‘outdo’ government schools (Jain and Dholakia 2010: 79). Clearly, free and compulsory education is not the agenda of the authors.

Education, Teachers and Teaching
Jain and Dholakia (2010: 78-79) admit Sarangapani’s (2009) criticism that Gyanshala is a model of non-formal education for three hours but stay shy of answering if such model fits well with continuation of child labour. Instead they assert that better performance of children, adherence to state/national norms of curriculum, learning environment and development opportunities result in delivery of good education ‘even with non-formal teachers’. To understand the Gyanshala model and its defence, we need to ask what connects these untrained teachers, better learning and supervision together.

With globalization, human capital theory and efficiency became predominant models to decide and evaluate the purpose, (economic) worth, processes and outcomes of education. Efficiency translated as cost effectiveness and ‘measurable student achievement’ became a key marker to define education and educational outcomes to plan, predict, measure and compare the role of education in enhancing the economic growth of different national economies. Deeper engagement in education for creating new types of citizens, for justice and equality, and education as human right are deemed economically irrelevant and thus unimportant to policy makers. Both state and non-state agencies began to measure, publish and circulate student achievements in reading and numeracy to compare private and public schools. Public choice theory and efficiency doctrine views teachers as merely a rent-seeking agent. With large labour and unemployed surplus, teachers are seen as an easily available human resource, a replaceable cog, as one input among many whose purpose is defined with reference ‘to quantifiable outputs, namely the learning achievement of students’ leading to greater workplace productivity (Welmond 2002: 41-42).

The management model of education adopted by Gyanshala treats teachers as workers in the education assembly line who perform the teaching/learning tasks decided by the management. In it, teacher lacks any training and agency to deliberate on curriculum, to conceive, plan and design teaching and learning strategies for specific groups and individuals. The curriculum supervisors break the ‘complex jobs into specified actions with specified results’. The ‘management controls both pace of work and skill’ of teachers to attain specified learning goals set for students (Apple 1995: 128-133). Thus, an attempt to look for any possibility of the personal, intellectual or professional growth of the teacher in this model that exploits teachers is bound to cause disappointment. This economic and management model and discourse inspired by neoliberal ethos has no space to conceive teacher and teaching in a holistic manner where it is not just the salaries, but also the autonomy, academic excellence/support, intellectually stimulating environment and recognition of the work that sustains interest in education and ensures quality teaching.

Gyanshala model may achieve greater success with its students in problem solving tasks, in producing citizens who are technically skilled and accept the existing social and political structure but whether it can lead to classroom discussions based on critical theories of education and pedagogy that question the neoliberal path of development remains doubtful. Art, music, drama, sports and other co-curricular activities have no space in its conception of learning tasks in three hours of education. One wonders if this minimal education to the children of the marginalized qualifies as adherence to state/national curriculum, as claimed by Jain and Dholakia.

Given the needs of first generation school goers, there is even greater need and urgency to appoint qualified teachers in government schools for reasons of equity, justice, rights and democratic citizenship. This would require intensive training inputs; rethinking on the existing models of pre-service and in-service teacher trainings; creation of work environment where teachers are part of wider deliberations on meaning and functions of education in an inegalitarian society. But would a teacher who is unskilled and low on pay as recommended by Jain and Dholakia, have the necessary qualification, confidence, self-image and motivation to undertake such effort? To paraphrase Erich Fromm, can a servile and docile teacher create independent learners. The economics of justifying state support for privatization and NGOisation of education indulged by Jain and Dholakia has serious political ramifications.
References
Apple, Michael W. (1995). Education and Power. New York: Routledge.
Chandra, Nirmal Kumar (2010). ‘Inclusive Growth in Neoliberal India: A Façade?’, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 45, No. 8, February 20, pp: 43-56.
Dutta, Madhumita (2009). ‘Nokia SEZ: Public Price of Success’, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 44, No. 40, October 3, pp: 23-25.
Govinda, R. and Josephine, Y. (2005). ‘Para-teachers in India: A Review’, Contemporary Education Dialogue, Vol. 2, No. 2, Spring, pp: 193-224.
Jain, Pankaj S. and Dholakia, Ravindra H. (2009). ‘Feasibility of Implementation of Right to Education Act’, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 44, No 25, 20th June, pp: 38-43.
Jain, Pankaj S. and Dholakia, Ravindra H. (2010). ‘Right to Education Act and Public-Private Partnership’, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 45, No. 8, February 20, pp: 78-80.
Nambissan, Geetha and Ball, Stephen J. (Forthcoming). Advocacy Networks, Choice, and Schooling of the Poor in India.
Sainath, P. (2010). ‘And Yet another Pro-farmer Budget’, The Hindu, 1 March.
Sarangapani, Padma (2009). ‘Quality, Feasibility and Desirability of Low Cost Private Schooling: What is the Evidence?’, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 44, No. 43, 24 October, pp: 67-69.
Tilak, Jandhyala B.G. (2010). ‘Education in the Union Budget’. The Hindu. March 6.
Welmond, Michel (2002). ‘Globalization Viewed from the Periphery: the Dynamics of Teachers Identity in the Republic of Benin’, Comparative Education Review, Vol. 46, No. 1, February, pp: 37-65.
World Bank (1995). Priorities and Strategies for Education: A World Bank Review. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
World Bank (2003). India: Sustaining Reform, Reducing Poverty. Delhi: OUP.
          Right to Education Debate on Arktiect India   
Practical Stuff: For those who are not private school owners/publicists:

"India’s education sector currently offers an estimated US$40 billion market. This spans the kindergarten through grade 12 (K-12) segment (US$20 billion) (905 billion INR), private professional colleges (US$7 billion) and tutoring (US$5 billion), vocational training (US$1.4 billion), test preparation (US$1.7 billion), and preschools (US$1 billion)."

This quote is from a market analysts's article.

School education budgets have been hiked to 31,036 crores. A whole range of private interests like the one below see this public fund as one more source of private income. The ready-made, publicly available criticisms of government schools come in handy to create a market buzz. Private education managements bar all public scrutiny so we don't really know (unless it is first-hand as children) what goes on inside a low-cost private school. Here are some trends:
1. Parents have reported a 160% hike in fees over an 8 year period, with High Court notices being slapped against schools for such increases.
2. Teachers and school employees are not passed on these benefits, with the real profits going to school owners.

While there is no doubt that there are certain private schools upholding the highest values of quality teaching, transparency and commitment to children's best interests at low costs, the value of government schools which are free, publicly managed, and come with midday meals is irreplaceable.

Why 'low price' when Education is free, like the Right to Life?

I end with a lesson from someone who has become a star footballer. Till a few years ago, she was a child labourer. She joined a school and fought bullying there to reach State levels in football (Yes, all is not well with schools, whether they are government or not). The point? The school she went to was a government school. Ergo: It was free. Because if it was paid, it would simply mean stars like Shakti would never be allowed an education.
+++++++++
I thought that your questions were already answered, but let me make another try. Please see answers in parenthesis, following each of your question.

Warm regards.
Pankaj
Hi Mr. Jain,
Couldn't help notice that you have uploaded a ppt about your position and chosen to ignore some critical questions on WHY the GoI should fund private schools to meet India's education needs. Your ppt makes your position very clear so am selecting some key points to raise here. Am re-articulating my questions of my earlier email in simple terms:
1. How does paying taxpayer's money to private schools ensure quality education? {Tax paper's money for education is meant to give education to children. Who ever provides this education better deserves to get this. Private schools are also manned by Indian citizens. Tax payer's money is not to give salary to only Govt. employees, but to meet national social goals.}
2. On what grounds are teachers replaceable by para-teachers? How would you justify poor quality teaching? {The payment to schools are to be linked to measurement of learning outcome tested by an agency appointed by the Govt., so the quality of education better than those of Govt. schools is ensured.}
3. How does making public schools weaker by channeling the public's money to private schools justify India's long-term eductaion goals? {India's long term goal is not served by dependence on public sector alone. More efficient private/ NGO/ Coop sector are better for citizen than public sector for long term benefit of Indian citizen. The examples of AMUL in dairy sector, telecommunication, airlines, sectors prove this.}
4. Are you really saying that parents and children's rights should be curtailed further by putting the responsibility of eductaion in private hands? Private schools have no democratic school management committees. {Children are empowered by having freedom and choice and not dependence on unresponsive bureaucracy of Govt. schools.}
5. If private schools are the answer, why hasn't UK stopped funding its public schools? Why won't the UK public and its MPs allow it? {Slowly, most western countries are now introducing private/ charter school in preference to Govt. schools, and this might happen in UK too. Anyhow, we need our own solutions, not blind copying of UK.}
+++++++
Many education activists have argued/ held that Government is not spending enough on school education and paying less attention to school education.

In this regard, it is useful to know the following uncontested facts:

1. Official salary level of school teachers in India is highest in the world, in comparison to their country's per capita income. Most countries pay to teachers between 1.2 to 2 times their average per capita income, but under the latest Pay Commission, this has been pegged above 7 of per capita income in India.
2. The teacher qualification standards, mostly graduation+B.Ed. is again amongst the highest in the world, as in most countries, teacher qualification is pursued after school, not graduation.
3. The provision of on the job continuous training of 20 days/ yr. under SSA is highest in the world.
4. The structure of academic support to school teachers, in the form of DIET, BRC/CRCs is most elaborate and extensive in the world.
5. Provision of free text books, which are periodically revised by the concerned SCERT, is one of the most liberal in the world.
6. The current cost of school education as per official salary level is so high that covering all children in Govt. funded school facility, a right under RTI, will require an education budget equal to more than 20% GDP, (See a paper by Jain & Dholkia in EPW, June 20, 2009) while all countries in the world have ensured universal govt. funded school education at merely 3.5 (China & Singapore) to 6% of GDP as education budget.

All these measures are already existent and funded in the state and central budgets.

You can decide if the poor performance of school system is because Govt. spends less money or pays less attention, or because Govt. run school have become essentially platforms for Govt. education department employees to obtain high salaries without Govt. schools doing their basic task..

It seems that the only practical way for the nation to honor RTI commitments is to rely in low cost private schools, and link any payment to them with their performance in ensuring required learning levels among children, specifically those from poor and backward communities/ groups. If only 25% of education budget is devoted to this, by leaving 75% to non-performing inefficient govt. schools, India could still obtain universal govt. funded and regulated school education for all its children.


Pankaj Jain
++++++
The "Uncontested facts" on the Indian Government's expenditure on school Education, as produced by Mr Jain, appear fallacious and at times, just poor assertions.
As a rule, numbers/figures should be read cautiously as they can be interpreted in several ways; each interpretation will have specific political meaning/s. Mr Jain may want to consider the following queries, for instance:
- what is the significance of linking up salary with per capita income? what sense will it have if a substantial percentage of Indians is forced to survive on less than half a dollar/day?
- what will change if we went by the Gross Domestic Product numbers?
- and, what will happen if we bring in the, so called, Growth Rate to determine the salary structure? Should we not?
- The Teacher Qualification Standard (B.Ed), let's assume, is among the best in the world, but the fact is that over 6 million teachers in this country are under-paid, contractual, and severely lack in skills and training.
- Some say that today the country needs over 1.2 million teachers, the number will go up if 1:30 teacher-pupil ratio is enforced. How many teacher training institutes are there? 450. Of which, over 150 should be closed straight away, so poor is their standard, as per the admission of the NCERT itself. So, the 300 TTIs will give us the number we need?
- Why do you need 20% of the GDP today to ensure universalization of education? Why does China need 3.5% only of its GDP? The answer rests in your desire to look into comparative investments patterns of these countries since 1952.

As far as the overall performance of the Indian State is concerned, it has more than met its target in the field of education: It has ensured education to 10-15% of the populace that matters to it; the rest struggles to get basic numeracy & literacy.

Partnership with Private bodies to secure universalization of Education can be considered, of course. The same goes to Health and Food as well. There is just one condition, however: People should not be forced to pay taxes to a National government, for there won't be either a Nation or its moral legitimacy to collect taxes. Isn't it? This is what will happen if Fundamental Rights are conflated with Market Rights, after all. One should then be allowed to lease out defense, finances, laws as well. Say, some arms producing American company... his CEO as your Defense Minister! That would be some departure! It may be a good way to dismantle the nation state and to realize the true Global Village,don't you think?

Arun Kumar
++++++++++++++++++
Sir,

In all critical responses to our paper, our facts/ computations have never not been contested. You too are not giving any information to establish that the fact outlined by me are fallacious, as you have branded them to be, but are rightfully demanding reasonable explanations. So, let me try to provide some.

1. Per capita income comparison is the only way to make fair economic comparison of policies related to relative income in different countries.
2. Changing GNP with GDP as the comparative base would not materially affect the ratios. 3. The EPW paper already gives detailed consideration to the annual growth in income and its impact.
4. You would need 20% of GDP to cover all children because the main cost of a school program is staff/ teacher salary, which in India is 3-4 times the international trends, when seen in respect to those countries' per capita GDP. That is the reason other countries could cover all children with roughly 1/3rd of budget required in India as % of GDP.
5. The current salary of teachers in China has nothing to do with their historical attainment of universal literacy. It has to do only with China's (and most other countryies') current policy to pay its teachers what can be justified by its current income and its current goal to provide universal school education to all its children.

I share many of your concerns about the distortions in the overall political priorities of the country and the government, but school education policy should be only to educate the children, not to balance/ correct/ compensate the imbalances/ injustices elsewhere.

Let us fight political battles separately, and use education policy and budget only to educate children. Let us not use the money which rightfully should be spent on children's education to correct the implication of India's poverty on one of its section, i.e. teachers.

I would also share your concern that involvement of private-public partnership in education delivery should be guided by the social goal of ensuring quality education to all children from poor families, not only a small section that might get 25% seats in a few elte private schools, which are discussed in our TV/ media debates

Warm regards.

Pankaj Jain
++++++++++++++++++++

Hi Mr. Jain,
I was wondering where the conclusion of supporting low-cost private schools is coming from. Has your paper explored in what ways are low-cost private schools that
- pay their teachers meager salaries
- charge money for fees from parents
- offer very poor quality of teaching and
- retain the profits as unaudited accounts, by the school management,
....superior?

The other conclusion, missing from your paper, of improving the quality of government schools.

Is the solution for mismanagement of funds by GoI's schools, private schools? I wouldn't jump to that conclusion, without an emperical data of the kind you quote on how these schools are superior. Because in a country where purchasing power is as low as ours (38% BPL according to the limited re-definition of India's BPL by the Suresh Tendulkar Committee), expecting parents to bear the cost of school education (which happens to be a RIGHT - not a 'product' to be purchased) is just plain illogical and wrong.

Would request you to rethink your argument form the point of view of children. Couldn't agree more with you when you say, keep politics (and vested interests) out, just bring in the children's point of view: Should a child be expected to pay for what should come free to her?

Bidisha
++++++++++++

I feel compelled and drawn to this discussion as the issues raised are important. The idea of nation State and its role is not an uncontested one and so is not the role of education. Even in a domocracy, education and educational thought can not be left to the purview of the Government. It is important to distinguish between the Government and the State. There is often this confusion as we still live in times where the State was feudal and therefore the relationship of people to the State was that of a subject being governed by the State. The king and and the king's key officers decided who would be a part of the decision maker and how things would proceed. They also decided many other things including the rights people would have. Inspite of the fact that we are not a democracy in practice and have not given up our feudal governance sensibilities there is an alternative conception that has been formulated by the constitution that governs us. We need to think of the State in the context of what we pledged in the preamble and then think about what the State includes and what it would leave out to limit the notion of the State to the Government may not be sufficiently explanatory?

When I look at the arguments of Mr Arun Kumar I am stuck by his sympathy with the people in the education system but perhaps he is not saying that. I may have missed the point and he maybe saying that all this is an irrelevant discussion. I maybe misreading his letter as an concern about quality. (Problem with satires is that dumb like me fail to grasp the full meaning. I will ask forgiveness and continue) I am also impressed by the argument that people should not live below the half a dollar expense that they are able to make now and that they should have more. The point is that the gross domestic product is a number that gives you an idea of the amount of exchange in the economy and that would indicate what would be available to the entire population in the country. ( I am dimly aware that this is not strictly correct but the figures would not be different by a large amount, please excuse this as i am not an economist) So if you have a large segment of the available resources distributed to a specific section, namely the govt employees or the corporate employees here then it is obvious that unless these lead to a proportionately higher increase in the economy the available resources for the rest would decline. Therefore there is an argument in relating the expense to the GDP. In health and in education the expenditure is said to be critically important as it would lead to more completeness in life but perhaps there is expectation that it would also lead to economic growth as the people are healthier and more capable.

So where does that lead us, we live in a country that claims that it wants to be moving towards democratic equality of opportunity and choice. (Nice words) and we have a large space that we want to be available for the initiative of the people. We are not a State that is autocratic or a State that is totalitarian. I think the RTE and some of the implications of it and the rules that are being formulated for it need to be looked at in that context. they have also to be looked at in the context of the Governance mechanisms available and the how rules are implemented. To me there is a lot of sense in including people's concerns in education and as in the time of independence struggle encourage those interested in providing liberal education within the norms of Indian constitutional framework to run their educational institutions. There is exploitation all around, clerks are exploited, workers are exploited and there is wide spread disparity of compensation for apparently similar roles. The reason for being so concerned about the salaries of only Govt employees and of teachers in private schools seem to be disproportionate to their numbers and the extent of exploitation. A daily wage worker is not even confident of a useful role and not confident of regular employment is not the matter of same concern as the teacher is. The budget in the economy is a sharing of resources and to say 20% of that should go to education and that we do not care where it comes from is denying the role as a responsible democratic citizen in my view.

I of course do not know the answer but do know that closing private schools or forcing them to cheat and issue false salary slips in connivance with the monitoring mechanisms would further compound the problem. There are private schools that get poor children and where the teachers are paid low are part of the family. they fulfill the needs of people who send their children to them then there are also social interveners who may not be substantial but are significant. They are also creators of ideas and extend education. Their existence and survival, thought, autonomy and innovative spirit has been critical to development of educational ideas in the country in many ways. It is not clear why we want to close down the options for all these citizens initiatives and close down open schools that provided opportunity to those who the schools could not bring in.

The RTE discussions and the arguments of its promoters have in them a ring of the touching faith in the system that they criticize voiciferously. There is no comment on Governance and how it would allow space and autonomy. There is on the other hand further monitoring proposed by a system that has not functioned. The system for its faliures has held the teachers and the community responsible and the present formulations are in the same direction. We can only see theMore later 'identical boxes' production syndrome that RTE seems to push towards. The only points about Governance are a demand for more budget, more centralization and stronger monitoring. It is almost assumed that only those who would be in bureaucracy or formulating rules for them and with them know what is to be done and are responsible and quality conscious. The fact that education is a dialogue and no monitoring can ensure that the dialogue be meaningful as the meaningfulness of that would also have to be determined in the context of children and the community as well as the teacher does not seem to be reflected in the design. Forming rules that take away initiative, flexibility and explorations can not improve education, which is a process of releasing human thought.

Yes we need to strengthen and improve the Govt system but not by forcing the alternatives to close. You can not prove your line longer by erasing the other persons line. How do we enlarge the quality line of the Govt schools is something we need to address and that is an issue of governance. we need to read the NCF 2005 that the RTE endorses and the spaces that NCF wants to encourage and increase and the path that of openness, autonomy and multiple explorations that it proposes.

More later. Ready for the brick bats
Hardy

++++++++++++
1. There is some/ considerable evidence of low cost privately managed schools delivering better than Govt. school education. Some is cited in my paper, but much more exists. There is almost no evidence that average Govt. school is doing better than a private school whose cost is more than Rs. 200-300/- per child / month.

2. I do not support private schooling provision where poor parents have to pay. I argue for the Govt. contracting out delivery of service to privately managed but publicly regulated low cost schools that can be held accountable to meet socially preferred goals, so that children get their due, which they are not getting from very expensive Govt. managed schools. Many NGO schools are examples of this. Currently, Govt. would have to spend more than 8000-9000/- per child per year in its schools if it pays 6th Pay Commission salary to all its teachers. By paying Rs. 3500/- to privately managed schools, the same Govt. could ensure much better education to children, by linking payment to school with exam results.

3. I do not have reliable remedies to improve govt. schools, this task must be undertaken by those who support Govt. managed schools and payment of salary to teachers in these schools at the rate prescribed by the 6th Pay Commission.

Warm regards.

Pankaj
++++++++++++++
Just responding to the points raised:
1. There is considerable evidence that govt school education is doing very well: you only have to see the Navodaya schools, Kendriya Vidyalayas, Sainik Schools. If the problem is mismanagement of funds, i can see the point about bringing accountability - still cannot see how this makes a case for paying teachers less.

Many other government employees fall under the 6th Pay Commission raise. How will paying them lesser help?

Also I wouldn't agree that low-cost teachers are all India's children deserve and you really need to look at the motivation behind such a thought. All children deserve fully trained, qualified teachers because the work of teachers is serious and they need to be equipped to handle this, like any other profession.

Isn't the answer creating accountability among teachers? And talking about those lakhs of schools where a government teacher teaches diligently, often balancing 3-4 classes, due to personnel shortages?

2. The crux of the argument is that education is the state's business because it is a RIGHT, one it cannot outsource to private parties, by either footing the bill of private school fees or by expecting private schools to reserve 25%. If the state gives up this responsibility by quoting the poor state of teaching, it might as well start giving up its other responsibilities too - notably security (nobody will agree to that!).

Why are we arguing about cost-saving in something as basic as schools? Countries that do spend on public education are the UK and France - countries where the level of civic awareness is relatively high. Spending on public services ups the ante as far the overall level of the citizens go - and no one can deny education is among the most fundamental of public services. And the people in charge of something as fundamental as education need just pay.

3. In summary, there is no alternative for working on improving accountability. If we dissolve public schools, we hand over public accountability permanently to private players. If by international standards India is paying its teachers well that is something to uphold, not dilute, by arguing that we can get teaching 'cheaper'.

(Have you considered puchasing power parity in your analysis -
What people get paid and what it affords them are two different stories)

+++++++++++++
I only have a small comment on the costing. The provision suggests not more than 30 children per teacher. This implies a cost that would be more than the Rs 8000-9000 cost worked out by Mr Jain. I am not sure if he accounted for the text books and the learning materials, teacher development & support and administeration and the monitoring.
I also do not see the advantage of linking payment with exam results that is suggested by Mr Jain.
Hardy
+++++++++++++++++++++++++
I wish to make four points.
First Point:
It looks logical that allocations will depend on the size of the pot.
And yet we are drawing different conclusions.
The economy of a country may or may not reflect the nature of its investment priorities. This is so because priorities are often determined by political expediencies. Consider Bangladesh, for instance, a poorer economy that has far greater investment in education, compared to India. How much is okay to shell out for education may be a viable economic decision only in the long run – which governments invariably choose to ignore. A State must not.
An economic argument is also a political concern (and the other way). My queries were emanating from this location.
I assign Mr. Hardy’s following supposition to precisely this location: “The budget in the economy is a sharing of resources and to say 20% of that should go to education and that we do not care where it comes from is denying the role as a responsible democratic citizen in my view”. The responsible citizenry would also ask why the requirement has become 20% today. The Universalization of Education is at least a five decade old promise to the people. School buildings, provisions, teachers, teacher training institutes, etc, are not suddenly-arrived emergencies. In the post-1990 Structural Adjustment show, the World Bank and its functionaries, nation states included, came up with MDG and how we all have begun pushing for EFA has actually become part of modern folklore.
Second Point:
Holding the State responsible for what is ensured as Rights by the Constitution is not to make the State the sole arbiter in deciding what education is or should be. Bidisha makes this point clearly. There can’t be disagreement with Mr. Hardy’s following remark - Even in a democracy, education and educational thought can not be left to the purview of the Government. [I would go a step further and say that it must not be left even to the purview of the State]. What is being underlined is that the responsibility to provide infrastructure, system and mechanism belongs to the State. The public sphere should and will continue to play a role in challenging, sharpening, researching, innovating issues related to education, its meaning and content.
This brings me to my third point.
In several write-ups of late, one senses a slip up between non-government and market, between people and private. This linguistic corruption, for the lack of a better term, if what I feel has any substance, is the marker of how market has invaded our senses. Of course, private schools too are about people, so often also about poor people, students and teachers, and their ideas and thoughts. The moot question, however, is: are all of them there because the government schools can’t function properly? Should the question of poor functioning of government institutions be addressed by market solutions? Is there a difference between Public-Private Partnership and Government-Market tie up? Is the market today becoming all-powerful institution because the State is weak? Or, is the State actually facilitating the stronger role for the market? There is neither need nor feasibility to shut all private schools. But, while saying this we must make it clear that we are not advocating privatization of school/education. Else, there always will be a follow-up question: why not privatize the nation-state itself. And, this is not a polemical point or satirical statement.
Just for the record, asking for greater budgetary provisions for Education, I hope, does not necessarily make one a supporter of the current Right to Education Act.
Finally, the question about bringing up other concerns, issues, struggles to the field of Education and budget. If I got it right, I do not quite know how else to address it. For me and many others, they are not separate. The specifics of Education may belong to educationists, but the political-economy of Education is everybody’s concern. A mazdoor woman who survives on 20 rupees/a day is also the one who didn’t get quality education. Nor are her children likely to get it.
Regards,
Arun

Arkitect India
New Delhi
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
          25 % Reservation Vs. Fundamental Right to Education for All Children   
25 % Reservation Vs. Fundamental Right to Education for All Children:
I would like to take of the issue forcefully raised by Mr. Shakeel Ahamed. I could see the sense of pride on his face at the time of explaining 25 % reservation in the private schools. He was so happy to say that we (read Kapil Sibal and Associates) managed to ensure 25 % reservation in Private schools.

This man was a minister in the previous government. Now a spokesperson of Indian National Congress. I cannot believe that he can be so naïve or brainless. Only leaders like him can say proudly on a national TV Channel that the “Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (RTE)” ensure free education to 25 % of children (or calculate accordingly)

There are few questions I would like to raise;
1. Is the Right to Education is for only underprivileged children?
I have read the Act several times and I have never come across that this Act is only for children of marginalized section of society. If the answer is “No” and this is for all children then, I would like to ask what about the Rights of 75 % children of private schools?
We have to fight for free and compulsory education for all children.
2. What about 14 crore children:
In principle RTE and 25% reservation don’t gel. In fact, as per my understanding, 25 % reservation is just opposed to the concept of equitable quality education to all. It will certainly dilute our vision for quality education for all the children irrespective of their gender & socio-economic status. RTE should not be only to children of marginalized and poor people only. It should be free & compulsory to all the children.

Please see the data provided by 7th Educational Survey Report and think about 25 % reservation system: In these data- children means “Children in the age group of 6-14 years and from class 1st to 8th standard.

* Total Children= 19 crore
* Children going to private schools= 4 crore
* 25 % reservation will create space for children= 1 crore
* What about remaining 14 crore children (19 -4-1= 14)

Are we going to allow the neo liberals to provide education through multi-layered school system? Are we approving Right to unequal education? Or in the words of Prof. Anil Sadgopal “Can a Right to Education be for Right to inferior quality of education?”

This is nothing but Dhokaa. It is cheating with children

3. Question of Survival & Post Schooling Problem.
Let me start with the saying that “I want Equal Rights to all children.” But keeping in mind this non-sense provision of 25 %, I would like you to think on the question about the survival of 25 % children in called elite schools.

We all know that only tuition fees will be free in private schools. There are a range of fees a child has to pay in these schools- like sports fee, music fee, picnic fee to name a few. We all know these items.

Who will pay for them? The government is only promising tuition fee.

What will a child do after 8th standard? The government won’t pay after that. He/she will be forced to leave school- and the result will be DROPOUT. Are we ready with the solution for the problem after dropouts? This will remind a child through out his life that inspite of doing good in the class room, he/she was forced to leave the school because their parents could not support him/her financially. This will create many social problems and hatred against children of privileged people will be one of them.

Not only this. All children in 25 % category will be from poor family, most of them will be the 1st generation school going children in their homes and probably never had a chance to go to a proper school. These children will be sitting with those children who have already complete three years (pre-primary) schooling. They also receive tuition or educational help from their parents. How can these children cope with several kind of complexes- in terms of economic, education etc.

The government is opening several fronts of discrimination and suppression. This 25 % business is a JOKE and must go off.

4. Always late:


Our government is always late.
Fundamental Right to education was proposed during the formation of Constitution of India. It was opposed and put into Directly Principles of State Policies with 10 years deadline. It is now 6 decades.

Education till 8th standard was pre-independent thought. In 1937 it was visualized and promoted by Ghandhi ji. In 1939 the Wardha Scheme advocated the free and compulsory education of all boys and girls between the ages of 7 and 14. 71 years later, 2010, we are still talking of the same education. This is beyond my understanding. We are planning to conquer MOON (can any body tell expenditure in chandrayaan?) in 21st century with the mind set of middle age where education was reserved for a privileged section. Our minimum demand should be education up to 12th standard or upto the age of 18 years.

I WOULD LIKE TO SHARE KOREA’S EXPERIMENT WITH EDUCATION:

About 30 years ago Korea’s national per capita income was equal to Ghana. It had agri-based economy. The government of Korea decided to invest in education to create knowledge based society- we are talking it now and created National Knowledge Commission, though I have several doubts and question on this commission but I will keep it for some other day.
To make it brief, they directly entered from Agriculture society to knowledge society. They didn’t see industrial era. And now you can see their per capita income. The government of Korea took bold step to provide basic education with quality to all its citizens in rural and urban area. Every village was unit for educational development. Every village had/has good quality of schools.

My concern is that we CAN NOT COMPROMISE WITH EDUCATION.
No nation or society can be developed without it- and India can’t be an exceptional to this.

Is somebody in the parliament listening??? I know it is the wrong question, because it is the people’s power & movement AND not the parliament which can bring change in favour of its own people.

Reg
Shaheen Ansari
Arkitect India
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arkitectindia/
          Pyne is ‘losing hold on state’s Liberals’   
CHRISTOPHER Pyne and the left wing of the SA Liberals are losing control of the state party at the same time the senior MP has bragged that his faction is “winning”.
           Watch chilling NRA advert calling on members to fight this violence of lies    
The NRA have released a new controversial advert, rallying its members and calling on them to combat liberals in America. Using ominous images and videos of riots and violence, the strong narrative concludes with the only way to fight against the left is to fight this violence of lies with the clenched fist of truth. 
          OSU Press publishes new book on strategies for ‘wicked problems’   
06/30/2017
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A new book about past ”wicked problems” may help guide the nation through its current era of political polarization and complex issues.

CORVALLIS, Ore. – A new book about past ”wicked problems” that have confounded society, the economy, the environment and politics may help guide the nation through its current era of political polarization and complex issues.

Scholars say so-called wicked problems usually involve social, economic, environmental and political issues. In a new book, just published by the Oregon State University Press, a group of scholars has written a series of essays to address these challenges and propose an assortment of problem-solving methodologies to tackle wicked problems.

The essays were solicited and edited by Edward Weber, Denise Lach and Brent Steel of the School of Public Policy at Oregon State, and compiled into “New Strategies for Wicked Problems: Science and Solutions in the 21st Century.” It is available in bookstores, by calling 1-800-621-2736, or by ordering online at osupress.oregonstate.edu

“The book will appeal to scholars, students and decision-makers wrestling with wicked problems and ‘post-normal’ science settings beyond simply environment and natural resource-based issues,” said Marty Brown, marketing manager for the OSU Press. “At the same time, it will provide much-needed guidance to policymakers, citizens, public managers and other stakeholders.”

One such issue addresses the pros and cons of hydraulic fracturing, commonly referred to as “fracking.” Written by Christopher Weible and Tanya Heikkila of the University of Colorado-Denver, the essay explores how professional expertise, personal values, and affiliation with different groups affects how people approach the issue – and how the process might be regulated.

Robert Lackey, a fisheries biologist who has worked for the Environmental Protection Agency and OSU, tackles the issue of wild salmon recovery in the Pacific Northwest. He argues that the science and technology to restore wild salmon runs is available, but the solutions ultimately would be too restrictive and divisive to succeed. The billions of dollars spent on salmon recovery to make minute inroads into the solution might be considered “guilt money,” he says.

“It is money spent on activities not likely to achieve recovery of wild salmon, but it helps people feel better as they continue the behaviors and choices that preclude the recovery of wild salmon,” Lackey wrote.

In their concluding essay, editors Weber, Lach and Steel explore whether there is need for a new social contract for scientists and policy implementation. They argue that plans to address issues are often rushed and lack sufficient time for implementation – and the timetable for addressing such issues rarely matches funding cycles. Additionally, leadership needs training – not only on issues, but on how to engage stakeholders and collaborate on processes.

They wrote: “… We also hope to energize the scholarly and practitioner-based conversations and real-world practices around these topics in ways that help leaders and stakeholders imagine new possibilities, conduct new experiments in implementation, and, ultimately, make even more progress in the ongoing, difficult battle against wicked problems and their less-than-desirable effects for society as a whole.” 

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          Netanyahu Denies Blaming Liberal Jews For Western Wall Crisis   
— Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office has flatly denied a report that it instructed diplomats to blame non-Orthodox Jews f…
          “La mala alimentación mata más que el narcotráfico en América Latina”   

MADRID. La mala alimentación “mata más que el narcotráfico o el crimen organizado” en Latinoamérica, tanto por la desnutrición como el consumo excesivo de productos no saludables, según el subdirector de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO), Julio Berdegué.

Solucionar el hambre es una prioridad para esta región, pero también combatir las patologías relacionadas con el sobrepeso, la obesidad y las enfermedades coronarias, que se agravaron por el consumo de productos poco saludables, explica Berdegué en una entrevista con Efe.

Según la FAO, entre 35 y 40 millones de personas pasan hambre en Latinoamérica y 360 millones tienen sobrepeso y obesidad.

Berdegué se encuentra en Madrid para reunirse con las autoridades españolas de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente y la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (Aecid) y poder así abordar proyectos conjuntos relacionados con la lucha contra el hambre.

El subdirector de la FAO reivindica que el derecho a la alimentación es “fundamental”, pero también un ejercicio “responsable”, ya que “comemos cosas que los expertos en salud dicen que son dañinas”.

Insiste en que en Iberoamérica ha habido progresos a la hora de reducir el número de personas desnutridas, si bien el objetivo de la ONU es “hambre cero”; en ese sentido, remarca que España ha sido “un socio constante”, ya que nunca suspendió su apoyo, incluso en los años de crisis.

El desafío está en combatir la desnutrición en territorios rurales distantes, zonas indígenas o poblaciones aisladas.

Los países con alto índice de bienestar -entre ellos los europeos- a veces creen que el hambre es un problema superado, que solo afecta a África, América Latina o Asia, pero quedan “muchas tareas pendientes”, añade.

A su juicio, “es un problema político, las soluciones técnicas se conocen”, pero a veces falta voluntad por parte de los gobiernos de los países en desarrollo por reconocer que el hambre “les golpea en pleno siglo XXI”.

En este sentido, valora los recientes contactos entre el Parlamento español y el Frente Parlamentario contra el Hambre en América Latina y el Caribe, quienes fijaron “una hoja de ruta” que incluye una reunión mundial en 2018 en España.

En el ámbito mundial, Berdegué cree que los conflictos y las crisis humanitarias están mermando la seguridad alimentaria.

Como ejemplo de éxito, menciona el caso de Colombia, que tenía zonas enteras afectadas por un conflicto armado, lo que implicaba que el derecho a la alimentación fuera una “tarea muy compleja”. Con la firma de los acuerdos de paz con las FARC, “las condiciones serán infinitamente mejores”.

Por otro lado, muestra preocupación por la tendencia “proteccionista” y al “nacionalismo económico” actual, con alusiones a Estados Unidos o al Reino Unido por el “brexit”, porque en su opinión una orientación así podría “tener efectos muy adversos sobre las comunidades rurales”.

Los acuerdos comerciales entre países pueden ser una “fuerza favorable para el desarrollo”, si no se circunscriben solo a liberalización, sino también al “comercio justo”, afirma. EFE


          Thank you, President Trump, high office is not for poor people   

Dear President Trump,

Thank you for the bravery you showed when pronouncing upon the fitness of poor people to manage your nation’s finances or hold high public office in your administration in general. Your off-the-cuff remarks about the wisdom of appointing rich poor to high office reveal more about leaders’, and probably society in general’s, true attitudes to poor people and the superior qualities which wealth supposedly imbues than the platitudes of so-called progressives or the faux empathy of liberals.

Your words are those of a genuine, full-blooded American patriot and recall the deeper class character of the racially and gender exclusivist political project that the Founding Fathers imagined the democratic experiment would turn out to be in the United States. In these days of ‘Black Lives Matter’ and ‘Islamic’ terror, when it has become relatively easy to believe it to be somehow ‘natural’ for people’s consciousness to be defined solely by their ascribed identities, your words remind us of the classist leanings of these erstwhile enlightened figures.

Your comments epitomise the attitude which exalts the status of members of the elite and seduces rich persons into believing themselves to be a beacon for the great unwashed masses whose birth right it is to lead them. In so doing, they expose as a sham the claim that contemporary interpretations of democracy automatically ensure a meritocracy.

In making your remarks, you forcefully asserted the idea that only rich people can save society, a message that, till now, has been conveyed all too subtly if you ask me. Society needed you to decode the pervasive message that seeks to convince us of the benevolence and moral uprightness of rich people, in a way that the adventures of the fascistic superhero Batman, the largesse of the tycoons who publicise their donations to multi-billion dollar charitable foundations yet avoid taxation by spiriting their money away to tax havens or the disproportionate influence of movie and reality TV starlets whose views just as easily determine the outcome of elections as they do the success of the products they endorse never could.

Thanks to you, we are left in no doubt of elites’ ability to save us and their desire to do wonderful deeds despite the consequences of their actions, which say otherwise. Granted, the preachers who aim to save souls by preaching on the ticket of a ‘prosperity gospel’, where material wealth is equated with spiritual favour, are also deserving of mention but you are definitely worthy of being singled out for praise. After all, preachers do ultimately claim to rely on a text which some have interpreted to advocate for providing a preferential option for the poor.

Thank you, too, President Trump for relieving Americans of the burden of anxiety of expectations and assuring them that they can expect more of the same policies that have enabled rich people to gorge themselves and accumulate unprecedentedly vast amounts of riches even though these policies promise only economic pain in the form of austerity programmes for the poor when things go wrong. By pointing out that poor people cannot be trusted with managing public money, you may also have inadvertently confirmed the view (hitherto expressed privately) that poor people are responsible for their station in life. It is not, for instance, the disadvantage wrought by residual discrimination caused by years of oppressive policies or structural barriers that keep them there. In this way, sundry commentators can finally engage in guilt-free blaming of the poor while continuing to peddle the belief that the upward mobility envisioned in notions like The American Dream is possible if only poor people worked harder. Your insights will be useful to help quell demands for greater equality and a fairer distribution of income which are being expressed more vocally in a world where economic inequality is rapidly increasing and starting to fray the tenuous bonds which knit societies together.

Thank you for standing beside members of your class even though they have been responsible for some of the gravest economic and environmental calamities that have befallen the planet in recent memory. Needless to say, your unwavering confidence in their ability and the unquestioned loyalty you exhibited in expressing a willingness to entrust them with all our economic fortunes despite their constant failures may finally enable you to dismiss the accusations of deception that have been levelled against you based on slanderous opinions that you have betrayed the promises you made to ordinary American voters by backtracking on key election promises and playing on their fears instead.

The consistent favour you have shown other rich people is sure to to have put paid to any notions of competence which poor people, many of whom perform miracles to feed and clothe their families each day with minimal or no government assistance, may have harboured. Had you not done so and permitted the possibility that a person from a humble background could prove themselves capable of actually handling finances, poor people may have actually started believing that they could be competent in other areas as well. For example, that one of them could be responsible for your country’s foreign policy. This when everyone can see what a sterling job the phenomenally rich Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has been doing issuing threats and generally embodying the belligerent and warlike stance which has characterised US foreign policy in the 21st century and caused your country to become estranged from so many of its friends.

And to think there are those who dare to say that you, dear sir, lack principle?

Most of all, thank you President Trump for making the rest of us across the world realise that making the myth that is your idea of America great again might not work out so great for us.

 

Yours truly,

A working class South African

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          A Pan-African agenda for the 21st century   
Sub-Title: 
Notes on the opening session of the 2nd Kwame Nkrumah Cultural and Intellectual Festival

On Monday 26 June 2017, a most important event for the future of the Global African family took place on African soil at the University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.  It was a gathering of Africans and pan-Africanists, academics, activists, political leaders, students and youth from all over the world at the opening ceremony of the 2nd Kwame Nkrumah Pan-African Intellectual and Cultural Festival. 

In a day characterised by seriousness of purpose, commonality of ideas and sense of mission, the foundation of the meeting was set by Kwame Nkrumah Chair of African Studies Professor Horace Campbell who, in welcoming the participants, provided what can only be described as a masterful “update” of the state of the black condition globally. Prof Campbell achieved the simultaneous goal of updating participants on the specific struggles in specific regions but also demonstrated to all and sundry how their struggles are interlinked.

In what was described, by Joseph Engwenyu, a historian from Uganda, as the most powerful opening ceremony to any global conference that he has ever attended, nowhere was left untouched and analysed in Campbell’s welcome: from the struggles against neo-liberalism in Latin America and the deliberate overthrow of the ordered states of Libya, Iraq and Syria and North Africa and the Middle East, significantly worsening the lives of black citizens in these countries, but more importantly, reversing the possibilities of the economic and material advancement of the pan-African project which was being led by Libya.

In his roll call, Campbell noted the physical absence of Haiti, but was moved to invoke their presence in spirit, since he affirmed that it is impossible to hold a gathering of this nature without acknowledging Haiti, for its sacrifices in igniting the flame of African liberation globally.

Significantly, too, Campbell highlighted the fact of the re-articulation of renewed imperialist aggression by the United States against people of colour, both within and outside its borders. Arising out of this assessment, Campbell emphasised that the ultimate aim of the conference was to establish modes of deepening African unity and to identify concrete practical steps for charting the way forward as an agenda for pan-Africanism in the twenty-first century.

This theme of the need for unity was sustained and reinforced by strong solidarity messages, the most symbolic being delivered by Samia Nkrumah, the daughter of Ghana’s founding president and eminent pan-Africanist Kwame Nkrumah, who insisted on the need to re-affirm Nkrumah’s message of continental unity: one economy, one currency, one army, one foreign policy and one government.  Given the convening of a conference called under the name of Kwame Nkrumah, it was a significant wake-up call, which placed the ultimate vision of Nkrumah squarely at the centre of the consciousness of the participants.

The opening ceremony was presided over by the Vice Chancellor of the University of Ghana Professor Ebenezer Owusu. After the welcome statement by the Director of the Institute of African Studies Professor Dzodzi Tsikata, there were solidarity messages from Barbados, the former Prime Minister of Namibia, Nahas Nangula, representative of the Polisario liberation forces of Western Sahara, Mr M. M. Buyema and Samia Nkrumah, the daughter of Kwame Nkrumah. The President of Ghana was represented by Professor Kwesi Yankah, Deputy Minister of Education.

The highlight of the gathering of this opening ceremony of more than 400 persons in the Great Hall of the University of Ghana was the feature address, delivered by the Vice Chancellor of the University of the West Indies, Sir Hilary Beckles, whose contribution set the analytical and a programmatic guideline for the way forward for pan-Africanism to the mid-twenty-first century.

On reflecting upon the African condition in the context of the Western world’s claim to fighting a war on terror, Prof Beckles noted that no part of the world has had a more brutal experience of terrorism than the Caribbean under European slavery. Having established this fact, Beckles therefore set the stage for reflecting on a future pan-African project.

His proposed program was framed within a recounting of the stance taken by the major African states at the UN Durban World Conference Against Racism in which, according to his recounting, the formal leaders of Africa abandoned the Caribbean delegations in their call for reparations.  The powerful symbol left by Beckles was that of a mother (Africa) abandoning her scattered children (the Caribbean). He insisted that something had been broken and needed to be repaired. 

Beckles framed his argument on the basis that the Caribbean had “done its part” for Africa, from its intellectual, moral and organisational contribution to the struggles against colonialism and independence through the work of pan-Africanists like George Padmore, to the struggle against apartheid as seen in the work of reggae artistes like Bob Marley, to the military contribution of Cuba in Southern Africa. According to Beckles’s narrative, the children had never walked away from the mother, and that Africa, by turning her back on her children in their hour of need, had inflicted a deep wound in the relationship that needed to be healed.  Beckles therefore suggested that before any further forward movement could occur, the African mother would have to reach out to her children in global Africa, as part of the process of healing.

Symbolism aside, this call for the African mother to reach out to her children set the scene for the offering of practical and programmatic agenda which would emerge in the conference. This not only included the role of Africa in supporting the call to spearhead a reparations movement, but it forced upon the conference the need to think about the kind of agenda around which a program of reaching out between Africa and the Caribbean could be built.  This represents the first framework for a future pan-African agenda.

The second inference by Beckles, which created a framework for a future program of action for pan-Africanism, was his own recognition of a split between African states and African civil society, which was symbolised in Durban with the support for reparations from African civil society but a rejection of the call for reparations by the states. This recognition of the split over reparations was seen as symptomatic of a deeper crisis of the post-colonial independent state, in which elites have been cut off from the aspirations of the people.

This set the tone for a second major agenda issue of the conference: the need to re-examine the failures of an elite-led independence project and, relatedly, the failures of an elite-led pan-African project. Indeed, this has, at the time of writing, constituted a major aspect of the theoretical and practical aspects of the conference, with many of the papers focussing on re-examining the ideas of Walter Rodney, CLR James, George Padmore, WEB Dubois, Amilcar Cabral, Frantz Fanon, Kwame Nkrumah and others.

In addition, the question of overcoming many of the specific aspects of the failure and reversal of the independence and Pan-Africanism have been placed on the agenda. Thus, issues of education, land reform, an African currency, economic sovereignty, integration, indeed, a re-examining of every major aspect of the ongoing failures of post-colonial experience, was inspired by the recognition of the split between civil society and states.

Finally, above all else, the conference theme was “Global Africa 2063: Education for Reconstruction and Transformation”. The conference, and opening ceremony, created an excellent platform for future links between education institutions between Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America, and North America, and the rethinking of the substance of education into a future pan-African project, towards meeting the African Union’s goal of a unified Africa by the year 2063.

Given the energy of the conference, the crisis of global capitalism, the sense of mission, and the feeling of the urgency of moment, Professor Campbell was moved to warn that African unity will come before 2063.  We await the formal release of the Accra Declaration of Action, as a way forward towards pan-Africanism into the twenty-first Century.

* TENNYSON S.D. JOSEPH teaches in the Department of Government, Sociology & Social Work at the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill. He is a prolific writer who pens a weekly column in the Nation. He is the author of Decolonization in St. Lucia: Politics and Global Neoliberalism, 1945–2010, University Press of Mississippi, 2011.

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          Canadian PM Trudeau is not a friend of all God’s children   

Trudeau’s first cabinet was Africanless. Africans in Canada, from the continent and here questioned this move.  Many felt that the younger Trudeau took us for granted because his father Pierre Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000) “opened” the doors for immigrants from the Caribbean and Africa. Eventually he did appoint Somali Toronto MP Ahmed Hussen to the federal cabinet as immigration minister.

Trudeau did appoint Indian-born Sikh Harjit Sajjan, MP for Vancouver South, minister of defence. Sikhs have a significantly different history in Canada than Africans.  The Sikh community is represented in all professional fields: medical, legal, technological, academic. Africans came kicking and screaming to the Western Hemisphere. Recently he has been questioned about “fibbing” about being the leader of a battle in Afghanistan. Sajjan said yearly defence spending will swell by more than 70 per cent, from $18.9 billion in 2016-17 to $32.7 billion in 2026-27. He promised $62.3 billion in new spending over 20 years.

Bardish Chagger is another India- born Canadian politician who is the current Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister of Small Business and Tourism.  Chagger was elected as a Liberal member of the House of Commons of Canada in 2015.  She is the first female Leader of the Government in the House of Commons by Trudeau.

Amarjeet Sohi is an Indian-Canadian politician, currently the Member of Parliament for Edmonton and the Minister of Infrastructure and Communities in the federal cabinet. He narrowly beat out strong community advocate Nigerian-born Chinwe Okelu.

Maryam Monsef is an Afghan Canadian politician, a Liberal member the House of Commons in 2015. She was previously the Minister of Democratic Institutions and president of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada until January 10, 2017.

Monsef has not had an easy ride. According to Wikipedia: “Monsef has been criticized for stating that she was born in Afghanistan, when in fact she was born in Iran. When this was revealed in September 2016, some commentators pointed out that this could lead to revocation of her Canadian citizenship and potential deportation, while others have criticized the absurdity of the present law or decried the importation of birtherism into Canadian politics. In an interview at that time, former MP Dean Del Mastro said that political workers in the 2014 municipal and 2015 federal campaigns knew she was not born in Afghanistan, but chose not to make an issue of it.”

Navdeep Singh Bains, the new minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development is a Canadian born Indian.

Canada’s role in Haiti should never be forgotten. Back in the day I discussed Haiti on the Black Commentator in an article: “Canada's Crimes Against Haiti” in   the October 27, 2005 issue. After reading Yves Engler and Anthony Fenton’s  volumeCanada in Haiti’, I pointed out: “The chapter ‘Responsibility to Protect or A Made in Ottawa Coup?’ points out the coup against Aristide was actually planned on Canadian soil. From January 31-February 1, 2003, Canada’s Secretary of State for Latin America and La Francophonie, Denis Paradis, played host to a high-level roundtable meeting dubbed, The Ottawa Initiative on Haiti. Surprise, surprise, no representative of Haiti’s elected government was invited. However, Otto Reich, then President George W. Bush’s appointee as Assistant Secretary State for the Western Hemisphere, was in attendance. Paradis leaked the fact that this meeting took place to journalist Michael Vastel, who reported the meeting in the March 15, 2003 edition of L’Actualite magazine. Another chapter, ‘Using NGOs to Destroy Democracy and the Canadian Military Connection’ exposes the shameful role played by many Canadian NGOs.”

Trudeau is a self-proclaimed “feminist”. The court is still out on this matter. A recent article in the British based Guardian newspaper questioned the Canadian Prime Minister: “A slight note of exasperation crept into Justin Trudeau’s voice, suggesting that this was a topic he had broached many times before. ‘I’m going to keep saying loud and clearly that I am a feminist until it is met with a shrug,’ he declared to an audience at the United Nations in New York.”

His words sparked delight around the world. But one year on, Trudeau’s heady promises have run into the realities of government, prompting the question: has electing a self-described feminist to helm of the country translated into real change for Canadian women?

Canada’s prime minister is moving the Great White North further to the right on foreign affairs. Trudeau’s father Pierre Elliot Trudeau opened the doors to draft resisters including myself who refused to fight against the Vietnamese people. I saw Africans in America and the Vietnamese as colonial subjects. Africans in the United States were colonized by Uncle Sam and the Vietnamese by the French. Wiki pointed out: “While Canada had previously participated in military action against Iraq  in the Gulf War of 1991, it refused to declare war against Iraq without United Nations approval.

The Iraq War began with the United States-led 2003 invasion. The Government of Canada did not at any time formally declare war against Iraq, and the level and nature of this participation, which changed over time, was controversial.

Prime Minister Jean Chrétien said on 10 October 2002 that Canada would, in fact, be part of a military coalition to invade Iraq if it were sanctioned by the United Nations. However, when the United States and the United Kingdom subsequently withdrew their diplomatic efforts to gain that UN sanction, Jean Chrétien announced in Parliament on 17 March 2003 that Canada would not participate in the pending invasion.”

However, this is not the full story. The “Big White Folks” as Paul Robeson called them speak with forked tongues. “Nevertheless, he offered the US and its soldiers his moral support. However, according to classified U.S. documents released by Wikileaks, a high-ranking Canadian official may have secretly promised to clandestinely support the invasion. Two days earlier, a quarter million people in Montreal had marched against the impending war. Major anti-war demonstrations had taken place in several other Canadian cities.” Chrétien’s moves had more to do with the growing opposition to the invasion than his political morality.  

The not so great white north has a checkered history in the African continent. Canada joined the imperialists and played with the white checkers. They played a significant role in the assassinations of Patrice Lumumba, Maurice Mpolo, and Joseph Okito on January 21, 1961. Ottawa came up on the wrong side of history on the question of the Congo. Yves Engler author of the illuminating volume, Canada in Africa: 300 years of aid and exploitation, pointed out: “Siding with Washington, Ottawa promoted ONUC) and UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold’s controversial anti-Lumumba position. ONUC was established in July 1960 to ensure the withdrawal of Belgian forces. 1,900 Canadian troops participated in the UN mission between 1960 and 1964, making this country’s military one of its more active members. There were almost always more Canadian officers at ONUC headquarters than those of any other nationality and the Canadians were concentrated in militarily important logistical positions including chief operations officer and chief signals officer.”

Canada opposed anticolonial struggles in Africa, supported apartheid South Africa and Idi Amin’s coup against Milton Obote (December 28 1925- October 10, 2005) who had led Uganda to independence in 1962 from British colonialism. He was overthrown by Amin in 1971. Canada played a role in the ousting of Lumumba in the Congo by the CIA, Belgium and Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga aka Joseph Mobutu and Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah.

The Great White North pressed African states to follow neoliberal policies, which have benefitted Canadian corporations. The Canadian International Development Perform points out: “Canada is a global mining giant and a leading player in Africa’s mining sector. 70% of the equity capital raised globally by the mining industry was raised on the Toronto (TSX) and Venture (TSXV) exchanges. Of the $10.3 billion in equity raised for mining on the TSX and TSXV in 2012 $1.9 billion or 18.5% was for projects in Latin America while another $1.7 billion or 16.5% was for projects in Africa.”   Canada played a role in the violence the Congo, Rwanda and Somali.  

Canada does have a Black Radical Tradition. However, we cannot expect Corporate Canada or the Black Misleadership Class to tell the story. That is on us on the Black Left.

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          Some notes on white monopoly capital: Definition, use and denial   

“The theoretical conclusions of the Communists are in no way based on ideas or principles that have been invented, or discovered, by this or that would-be universal reformer. They merely express, in general terms, actual relations springing from an existing class struggle, from a historical movement going on under our very eyes” - Manifesto of the Communist Party, 1848.

“Today, the main task of the working class is to abolish the white monopoly of power, to carry out the national democratic revolution for the liberation of African and other oppressed people”- Augmented Meeting of the Central Committee of the South African Communist Party, 1970.

“We have in the past defined the forces which the NDR sought to defeat as the white ruling class, represented by monopoly capitalism and including other class and social strata within the white community, all whom had an objective interest in the continuation of white minority rule”, ANC Discussion Document, Umrabulo 8, 2000.

1. Context

A narrative is now gaining momentum that the concept “white monopoly capital” is an invention of some public relations firm called Bell Pottinger, which was founded in 1987, and that it does not exist in the literature of the national liberation movement.

Some have continued to maintain that “white monopoly capital” does not exist, while others acknowledge that it exists but, fearing for their positions in white monopoly establishments, their deals and careers, they say it is harmful to investment to keep on referring to “white monopoly capital”.

But, is it really true that the concept, “white monopoly capital”, does not exist in the annals of the South African revolution?

In his recent Open Letter, Justice Pitso says something very profound, “…where the fundamental principles of our scientific revolutionary theory of Marxism-Leninism are concerned, the question of who is right or wrong cannot be judged necessarily on the basis of the view of the majority”.

In these notes, we show that the claim that the concept “white monopoly capital” cannot be found in the literature of the national liberation movement is not true. As we have said before in our input titled: “Concerning the Current Situation”, which appeared on 7 April 2017, this narrative which seeks to deny the existence of white monopoly capital, or white monopolisation of South Africa, is aimed at ideologically confusing black people in general, Africans in particular.

This is done so as to hide the real class force that wields power in South African society, the class force which is responsible for much of the poverty, starvation and suppression of talent that is experienced by black people.

Others have decided to give up on the real situation and lurch on to idealism. We are now informed that we should suppress the facts and ignore the national character of monopoly capital in South Africa. All of a sudden, monopoly capital has turned colourless as pure water. This is revisionism.

Writing in the New Age, Nelson Mandela had this to say: “The system of white supremacy has its roots in the cheap labour need of the major economic groups in the country. South Africa’s economy is dominated by giant monopolies in the gold mining industry linked with big financial and farming interests whose tentacles reach also into secondary industry. These groups have been responsible for the reserve system, migratory labour, the low wage policy. These groups own and control the national wealth of our country and determine the basic structure of the South African state ...”

Mandela continued to say: “If tomorrow every discriminatory law on the statute book were repealed, but the mineral wealth, monopoly industry and financial empires were not transferred to the ownership of the people as a whole, the system of white superiority would in its basic essentials be perpetuated for many generations.”

We are exactly where Nelson Mandela warned us we would be, if we did not transfer the basic wealth to the ownership of the people as a whole. As Mzwakhe said, “the people’s patience is not endless”!

Needless to say, the concept “white monopoly capital” is an invention of the South African Communist Party. It emerged in revolutionary literature for the first time in the SACP 1962 programme, The Road to South African Freedom. That was way before the founding of Bell Pottinger.

2. The motive forces: some critical thoughts on the National Democratic Revolution

Some time ago, in 2002, I wrote a paper titled “The motive forces: Some critical thoughts on the NDR”, which was published in Umrabulo Number 14, inspired by the SACP 1962. In that paper, I attempted to scientifically outline the alignment of class forces in the NDR. I sought to define what the class forces of the national democratic revolution are and the forces of the enemy.

At that time in 2002, as it is now, there was confusion on the issue that was peddled by the neoliberals in the ANC. The neoliberals, worked hard to empty the ANC of its revolutionary theory. There was a dominant tendency, as it is to this day, that made the ANC to rapidly depart from a consistent class analysis in the formulation of the Strategy and Tactics document.

When the question “who is the enemy of the NDR?” kept on being asked by ANC activists, we were constantly told that “the enemy of the NDR is poverty, unemployment and inequality”. When we responded by saying that the ANC has defined the enemy to be “white monopoly capital”, we were told, “that was in the past”, now we have to “fight poverty, unemployment and inequality”.

This was obviously unsatisfactory. As young people in the ANC-led movement, we started searching for answers; we felt as though our elders were hiding a “family secret”, because the answer they gave did not make sense.

Another reason that set me off to write that paper was what I perceived to be an error that some of the comrades were committing. They postured in a way that meant the black bourgeoisie as a whole was not part of the motive forces. They ridiculed and rejected the concept of a “patriotic bourgeoisie”. I still think it is wrong to reject this concept.

The issues that were at stake then are still at stake today. In a way, one could argue that, substantially at the theoretical level, the ANC has come full circle to the old debate which we hoped would animate theoretical discussion and change the contents of subsequent Strategy and Tactics documents. Alas, the paper failed to catch the attention of comrades.

In that paper, I stated that: “South Africa's social formation was characterised in the historical papers of the movement as a colonialism of a special type (CST). Because the concept of colonialism does not specify the nature of class relations it was important to move beyond the form of the social formation to its content. Colonialism of a special type was found to be perpetrated by a capitalist class. This class came to be known as "white monopoly capital".

I continued to assert that, “The movement characterised the principal contradiction in SA as between apartheid colonialism led by white monopoly capital on one side, and national liberation led by the black working class on the other side”.

In fact the whole paper is replete with the concept “white monopoly capital”. That was in 2002. My confession is that I had no idea that I was pushing a Bell Pottinger concept which was invented more than ten years later, after 2012!

  1. White monopoly capital: Definition

One of the most disturbing tendencies to emerge from the debate about white monopoly capital is that some contenders claim that white monopoly capital has not been defined. These contenders express their ignorance.

Here we begin with how the national liberation movement defined the main opponent of the South African revolution and the idea of “white monopolisation” of South Africa.

3.1 The South African Communist Party

3.1.1 Extracts from “The Road to South African Freedom, 1962”

“The three million Whites hold a monopoly of political rights and economic opportunities. They alone can vote for and be elected to Parliament and other governing bodies. They are fortified behind a wall of privilege in the civil service, in jobs and professions, in educational opportunities and a hundred other fields. 87 per cent of the land is reserved for White ownership, and White capitalists own and control the mines, factories and banks and most of commerce. Their government inculcates a lying and insulting doctrine of race superiority”.

“Effective economic domination in South Africa is thus exercised by an alliance of local White monopoly interests in mining, industry and agriculture, together with foreign imperialists and representatives of state monopoly capitalism. These interests have conflicts among themselves, which are reflected in the main White political parties and groupings. But they find common ground in the perpetuation of the colonial-type subjugation of the non-White population”.

“In fact, however, real power is in the hands of the monopolists who own and control the mines, the banks and finance houses, and most of the farms and major industries. The gold and diamond mines are owned by seven mining-financial corporations and controlled by a handful of powerful financiers. These seven corporations are closely linked with British and American imperialist interests. They control capital investment in mining alone of R490 million, and employ almost 500,000 workers. In addition, they dominate large sections of manufacturing industries. They are linked with the main banks, two of which control assets of over R2,000 million, mainly in the form of loans to industry, commerce and estate.

They own vast tracts of arable land and mining rights in almost every part of the country. In agriculture, too, monopoly dominates. 4 per cent of the farms make up an area amounting to almost four-tenths of the total White-owned farmland. Thus, in mining, industry, commerce and farming, monopolists dominate the country’s economy. They are also closely linked with state monopoly capital ventures, such as Iscor (Iron and Steel), Escom (Electricity) and Sasol (Petrol).

These monopolists are the real power in South Africa. The special type of colonialism in South Africa serves, in the first place, their interests”.

“All positions of economic strength and influence are held as the jealously guarded monopoly of members of the White group alone”.

Whites have a monopoly of the best paid jobs, and of entry into skilled trades”.

“The once powerful Labour Party is dead. The White trade unions — with a few honourable exceptions — collaborated in the implementation of apartheid in industry and job reservation. In fact, most of these unions have become little more than societies to preserve a White monopoly of skilled jobs. For the most part, the White workers of this country support their capitalist rulers and exploiters in the maintenance of White supremacy and colonialism”.

3.1.2 Extracts from the African National Congress

Extracts from the Green Book, 1979

“The  principal  enemy of our revolution  is   the South   African ruling   class, which  is  distinguished  by  a  combination  of  several  key             characteristics. Like     its counterparts in other    capitalist countries, its power  is  rooted, in the first instance,  in         its        ownership       and      control of         the basic    means  of  production.  But  in South Africa, the  system  of  economic  exploitation  is  reinforced  and  deepened  by the national oppression of the black majority.  Thus, capitalist exploitation and racial oppression operate together and reinforce one another”.

To  maintain this system and safeguard         its        control, the       ruling   class    operates through         a            state    apparatus        whose  political           institutions      and instruments   of repression  -  the army,   police force,   civil            service,  judiciary etc.      -  protect            the existing      relations of         production                  and,     at  the  same            time, the race      rule      which excludes all who     are       not       within  the white   minority group   from    political    rights and        civil     liberties           in         the       land     of  their  birth.  Real  liberation  is  inconceivable without  the overthrow  of  the  economic  and  political   power  of this      class    and      the total destruction of its state apparatus.                                       

Extracts from “The Nature of the South African Ruling Class, 1985”

“But the war had also defined the future relationship of Britain and South Africa: economically, South Africa would be a satellite of British imperialism, an outlet for the export of capital and a source of raw materials; politically, the local ruling class would be allowed autonomy and could even be granted sovereignty. By the terms of Vereeniging, Milnerian policy and finally the terms of Union, this ruling class was to be exclusively white. Thus the `small group which owns South Africa`s wealth` is drawn from one racial community, the whites”.

“The ruling class does not rule on its own, since it is a minority within the white minority. In order to secure its position, it has had to come to terms with other class forces; make deals and reach compromises with class forces and fractions whose interests temporarily intersect with its own. From such alliances has emerged what we can refer to as a bloc led by the ruling class, which wields power. The matrix that holds this bloc together is the ideology of white supremacy which projects the particular interest of the ruling capitalist class as the general interest of all whites”.

“This type of democratic state we envisage is spelt out in the ten clauses of the Freedom Charter. Though we place equal weight on the separate clauses, the first five, setting out the most pressing political, economic and social reforms a democratic state will have to embark on, can be said to be its core. The enactment of these measures will place political power in the hands of the black masses and transform South Africa from a country belonging to and exploited by a small class of white capitalists and their imperialist [backers], into a country belonging to all who live in it, black and white”.

Extracts from “Apartheid South Africa: Colonialism of a Special Type, 1987”.

“This is why the ANC has always considered the two economic clauses of the Freedom Charter: "The People Shall Share in the Country`s Wealth" and "The Land Shall Be Shared Among Those Who Work It" to be the very core of its programme. These clauses envisage the seizure of economic assets, presently owned and controlled either by individual capitalists or capitalist companies drawn exclusively from the white minority or trans-national corporations”.

“This hierarchy of oppression was devised as a tool of divide-and-rule, as an expression of the warped minds of the white racist ruling clique and as a tactic to buttress the forces which would have a stake in the system of apartheid to defend”.

Extracts from “Strategy and Tactics, 1997”

“Over time, the policies of government and the tactical sensibilities of some white monopolists, have precipitated a situation in which some of the black propertied classes are expanding their positions within important sectors of the economy”.

“However, the improvement in Black and female ownership and control of wealth and access to management and many professions is still limited, with overall proportions which are inversely related to the country`s demographics. This is more starkly reflected in terms of land ownership. As such, while progressive forces have attained political power, economic power remains largely in the hands of the white minority.”

4. White monopoly capital: Use

In this part of the notes, we show the use of the concept as such. The point to demonstrate is that those who say the concept “white monopoly capital” does not exist in the documents of the national liberation movement are wrong.

4.1.1 Extracts from the South African Communist Party

“At the same time, in order to guarantee the abolition of racial oppression and White minority domination, the Freedom Charter necessarily and realistically calls for profound economic changes: drastic agrarian reform to restore the land to the people; widespread nationalisation of key industries to break the grip of White monopoly capital on the main centres of the country’s economy; radical improvements in the conditions and standards of living for the working people”- The Road to South African Freedom, 1962. [This is the first time the phrase “white monopoly capital”, appears in the literature of the national liberation movement].

“The form of domination developed by the Union of South Africa also perpetuated the racialised economic structures of the pre-Union period. There was a white monopoly of capitalist means of mining, industrial and agricultural production and of distribution. There was also a virtual white monopoly of skilled and supervisory jobs in the division of labour”- Path to Power, 1989.

“The struggle for national democracy is also an expression of the class contradiction between the black and democratic forces on the one hand, and the monopoly capitalists on the other. The stranglehold of a small number of white monopoly capitalists over the great bulk of our country`s wealth and resources is based on colonial dispossession and promotes racial oppression. This concentration of wealth and power perpetuates the super-exploitation of millions of black workers. It perpetuates the desperate plight of millions of the landless rural poor. And it blocks the advance of black business and other sectors of the oppressed. This reality, therefore, forms the basis of the antimonopoly content of the national democratic programme”-Path to Power, 1989.

“This is not to argue that the economic dominance enjoyed by white-dominated monopoly capital with its strong international links should be ignored. The SACP, in evaluating the first decade of our democracy, came to the conclusion that in economic terms white-dominated monopoly capital was the single biggest beneficiary, at the direct expense of the working class, which experienced casualisation, a job loss bloodbath and outsourcing. Therefore the first decade of our democracy, in economic terms, became the decade of the white-dominated bourgeoisie, joined by a small black elite”-The South African Road to Socialism.

“White monopoly capital in South Africa has, in fact, been the principal beneficiary of the post-1994 period. There is stabilisation and restored profitability, and many of our major corporations have used the period to trans-nationalise, some locating their head-quarters outside of South Africa, others re-locating major share-listings to foreign stock exchanges”. (Two steps forward…two steps back…SACP perspectives on the ANC’s draft Strategy and Tactics 2007, Bua Komanisi Volume 6 - Issue 1, May 2007).

“This central tenet is quite distinct from the core perspective of what we might call the “1988 class project” – we are referring to the strategic agenda of white monopoly capital that evolved primarily in the late 1980s”. (Seeing Double, SACP contribution to the debate on the ANC’s “Economic Transformation for a National Democratic Society” discussion paper).

“By the second half of the 1980s, the apartheid-colonial state and its deepening crisis had, however, indeed become an impediment to sustained growth for white monopoly capital”.

“The continued presence of this 1988 white monopoly class project within our own thinking is visible in parts of the current ANC policy discussion document”.

“Leaving aside the passing reference to a “democratic and redistributive state” which has its own problems and to which we will return below, it is obvious that, in the key concepts it evokes, this paragraph is located within the “liberate the market from apartheid constraints” paradigm of the 1988 white monopoly class project”.

“Clearly in the very last years of apartheid, white monopoly capital experienced regional and global mobility challenges – and, while removing mobility constraints on capital may or may not be one of our tasks, it can hardly be the central strategic task of the NDR to help white monopoly capital to recover its regional and global mobility”.

“But to rise to the challenge of that vision we will have to finally banish the ghost of the 1988 (white monopoly capital) class project from our imaginations, from our practice and…from our discussion papers!”

 “This impact has been deepened by the assiduous cultivation by white monopoly capital of a tiny stratum of ANC-linked black shareholders and board-members in the name of “black economic empowerment”.

“The two allies resolved to stand shoulder-to-shoulder, together with the ANC, in the struggle to deepen our national democratic revolution, to end the national oppression of the majority, the super-exploitation of workers by white monopoly capitalism and the triple oppression faced by women, in order to create a new non-racial, non-sexist, democratic and prosperous South Africa” (SACP-COSATU Bilateral, 3 April 2012).

We can thus see that the concept “white monopoly capital” is integral to the revolutionary theory of the national liberation movement. It originated from the classic SACP 1962 programme, and has since been used in various versions to explain the nature of South African society.

5. Leaders who used the concept

Several leaders of the national liberation movement emphasised white monopolisation and the dominance of white monopoly capital in the South African economy. In this part of the notes, we highlight a few instances where white monopoly and white monopoly capital were used explicitly. Here we just highlight a few instances to demonstrate the point.

Nelson Mandela 1990

“Our discussion on Strategy and Tactics began by recognising that the ANC and the De Klerk government approach the issue of negotiations with opposed agendas. The government`s aim is to reform the apartheid system out of existence while carrying over into the future the accumulated privileges and advantages the white monopoly on power” ( Speech by Nelson Mandela at an ANC rally after the close of the National Consultative Conference, 16 December 1990).

Joe Slovo 1988

“The immediate primacy of the struggle against race tyranny flows from the concrete realities of our existing situation. The concept of national domination is not a mystification to divert us from class approaches; it infects every level of class exploitation. Indeed, it divides our working class into colour compartments. Therefore, unusual categories such as 'white working class' and 'black working class' are not 'unscientific' but simply describe the facts.

We will come back to the need for immediate steps to be taken in the post-apartheid period to break the economic stranglehold of the monopolies and to transform a major portion of wealth from private into social property. Suffice it to say that such measures will, of necessity, result in an immediate sizeable contraction of the private sector. Ninety nine per cent of this sector is presently owned and controlled by white capitalists; a race monopoly which constitutes the key instrument of national domination.

In the world as a whole, capitalist exploitation does not necessarily involve race domination. But the historically-evolved connection between capitalist exploitation and race domination in South Africa creates a link between national liberation and social emancipation. In our conditions you don't have to be a doctrinaire Marxist to conclude that a liberation which deals only with a rearrangement of the voting system and leaves undisturbed the race monopoly of 99% of our wealth, is no liberation at all” (Joe Slovo, The South African Working Class and the National Democratic Revolution, 1988).

Blade Nzimande

“The call for only organised workers to make sacrifices, without calling for the same from white monopoly capital, is essentially a reactionary call for the maintenance of the super-exploitation of the black working class.” (Blade Nzimande, Address to COSATU Congress, September 18, 1997)

“The single biggest obstacle to the development of the SME and co-operative sector is the lack of finance. In the South African context we have a financial sector that is structured and geared towards supporting white monopoly capital”, (Blade Nzimande, Address to NAFCOC AGM, 4 October 2007 - Durban International Convention Centre).

“The above might appear to be just skirmishes, but in essence they are a reflection of the dominant and suffocating power of the monopolistic white finance capital in the South African economy, and the extent to which our own government is unwilling to confront this power”, (Blade Nzimande, The financial sector charter is on the brink of collapse, Umsebenzi Volume 6, No. 21, 21 November 2007).

“One thread that runs through all the groupings that have broken away or engaged in factionalist activity in our liberation movement is their anti-communism and anti-worker attitude, often expressing itself in exactly the same way as that of the apartheid regime and white monopoly capital”, (Blade Nzimande, The good boys and girls, the boss-class instruments’: The 2008 dissidents in their historical context, Umsebenzi Online 5 November 2008).

Jeremy Cronin

“In 1979 SASOL was privatised by the apartheid regime, with shares being sold at a discount to (white) monopoly capital, particularly in the mining sector” (Jeremy Cronin, Address to the SACTWU 12th Congress, 22 August 2013).

Sdumo Dlamini

“As COSATU, we are now moving forward to build unity of the federation on the ground through activities which takes us closer to the members and position us to heighten our battle against employers and white monopoly capital which is our primary enemy”, (Sdumo Dlamini, COSATU President, Address to the COSATU Gauteng Provincial Congress, 4 August 2015).

Mbhazima Shilowa

“As I  have  indicated  in  the past,  we  need to send     a clear message  that   the time for  white  monopoly  capital  to  pay  lip service to economic transformation and empowerment,  especially      for  women,  is  past     and      will  not  be rewarded  in Gauteng” (Mbhazima Shilowa, Address by Premier Mbhazima Shilowa at the Gauteng BBBEE Strategy launch, 18 April 2006).

Zwelinzima Vavi

“Economic power is still in the hands of white monopoly capital. The aspirant and vocal black bourgeoisie remains numerically small and depends heavily on the state and white business for its survival”, Zwelinzima Vavi, COSATU General Secretary at the SACP Special Congress, 08 April 2005).

Fikile “Slovo” Majola

“Using the superficial banner of our Constitution, the strategic opponent of the NDR – white monopoly capital which includes bourgeois monopoly media houses and its global imperialist connections – is increasingly setting itself on a political collision course with the ANC as part of this wider anti-majoritarian offensive” (Fikile “Slovo” Majola, Joe Slovo Memorial Lecture in North West, 27th January 2013).

Jacob Mamabolo

“But we also said at that Special National Congress that the momentum, pace and character of the NDR is deeply and severely constrained by the pain inflicted on the working class by the persistent and reproduced legacy of the Colonialism of a Special type. The working class in our country continues to suffer the pain inflicted by the many years of the crisis of white monopoly capital and its private accumulation of wealth. (Jacob Mamabolo, Acting Gauteng SACP Provincial Secretary, Message of Support to the 11th Gauteng Provincial Conference, 6-8 May 2010).

We can therefore see that this concept is standard in the language of the national liberation movement. Our own submission is that the concept of white monopoly capital simultaneously implies colonialism of a special type. The two concepts are theoretically inter-twined, one cannot exist without the other. To fail to mention the racial character of monopoly capital is to fail to acknowledge the colonial character of South Africa and the special nature of that colonialism.

6. White monopoly capital: Denials

It is to Hillary Joffe’s credit, in her article “Share ownership can be force for change”, published in the Business Day on 22 March 2017, to note that “We’re told UK’s public relations agency Bell Pottinger crafted the white monopoly capital narrative. Whoever did so seems sadly unfamiliar with Marxist texts from which the notion of monopoly capital comes”. We agree!

However Joffe then makes an unwarranted statement: “…in its original form monopoly capital could not, strictly speaking, have been white, black or any other colour. It was, rather, a particular stage of capitalism, and who owned the means of production didn’t have much to do with it”.

Now this is the problem of failing to express actual relations which arise from the historical movement going under our very eyes.

As Pitso correctly mentions in his Open Letter, it was Lenin who first elaborated in detail the idea of monopoly capitalism as a stage in the development of capitalism. However Lenin’s approach was concrete and historical, in that he understood the importance of identifying who owns the means of production in this stage because he was not just interested in interpreting the world, he wanted to change it.

That is why to us to specify who owns and controls monopoly capital, because our lived experiences, under our very eyes, dictate to us who is responsible for poverty, starvation and marginalisation, so that we can devise proper strategy and tactics to change this situation. Baran and Sweezy as well, did not elaborate the concept of “monopoly capital” in purely abstract terms, they in fact based their study on the concrete history of the United States, and they hinted that some of their conclusions may in fact apply in South Africa.

Baran and Sweezy’s concrete and historical articulation of the concept of monopoly capital leads them to dedicate a whole chapter (Chapter 9), on monopoly capital and race relations, which makes them also mention South Africa. In this chapter they show that “all the forces we have been discussing…are deeply rooted in monopoly capitalism and together are strong enough to account for the fact that Negroes have been unable to rise out of the lower depths of American society”.

Who owns and controls the means of production under monopoly capitalism mattered to Baran and Sweezy, because they would not have dedicated a chapter specifically dealing with the suppression and marginalisation of the Negroes, if the demographic composition of American monopoly capital was non-racial.

Furthermore, the fact that Baran and Sweezy criticise American monopoly capital on the “Negro question”, does not mean that they posit “Negro monopoly capital” as a solution to the “Negro problem”, as some of our intellectually dishonest detractors like to do. In other words, when we criticise white monopoly capital, we do not posit black monopoly capital as a solution. Instead, we posit democratic state monopoly of the strategic sectors under working class leadership as the solution.

But then, despite this repeated clarification, our detractors continue to deny the concept. For instance Jeremy Cronin, First Deputy General Secretary of the SACP, now claims:

“There is a world at play in the slippage between a consistent Marxist perspective and the illusions that arise from adding one small word "white" to "monopoly capital". And it is in this small slippage that you will find the ideological bed on which the Polokwane "marriage of convenience" was consecrated. When the "new tendency" and its demagogic vanguard rail against "white monopoly capital" what they are hearing is "white" and what they are thinking is "it`s our turn now". And while populist demagogues might scream about "imperialism" and "monopoly capital" – the threats to carry out nationalization and expropriation simply increase (as they are meant to) the length of the queues of wealthy supplicants outside their office doors, the numbers of sponsorships, the gifts of whisky and helicopter trips they are offered from the very monopoly capital they are threatening!” (Thinking about class - Part One: What were they doing in BUSA in the first place?, Bua Komanisi Volume 10 Number 15, 20 July 2011).

Thus to Cronin this concept derives its ideological basis from the “Polokwane marriage of convenience”, which was in 2007. But we all know that there was no “Polokwane marriage” in 1962!

In his response to Fikile Mbalula, Trevor Manuel writes:

“If you also took the trouble to read the Economics Resolutions of each ANC Conference since the 49th in 1994, you will not find the language of 'White Monopoly Capital' in any of them. This is because WMC is not part of the lexicon of terms used in ANC policy. It was conjured up as a red herring to obscure the misdeeds of the Guptas and those who benefit from their patronage network” (Fikile, do you remember the tears you shared over the Guptas? Daily Maverick, 09 June 2015).

This statement is very revealing. We can only underline the words “each ANC Conference since the 49th in 1994”. What about the ANC before 1994? What is it about the year 1994 which made the concept “white monopoly capital” to disappear?

Then Manuel makes the claim:

“I stand by what I said at the Nelson Mandela Foundation: the term "White Monopoly Capital" was conjured up by Bell Pottinger on behalf of the Guptas, and filtered into the political discourse to serve their agenda” (Fikile, do you remember the tears you shared over the Guptas? Daily Maverick, 09 June 2015).

In his rebuttal, Fikile Mbalula quoted the article I wrote, which he incorrectly attributes to the ANC. But the point he makes nevertheless remains valid, the concept was there long before the current talk about Bell Pottinger; it was not conjured up by Bell Pottinger.

Trevor Manuel has yet to sustain his argument.

As we have noted, a variation of the concept appears to have mistakenly slipped through into the 1997 ANC Strategy and Tactics, where the ANC spoke about “white monopolists”, or in 2000, where the ANC spoke about “the white ruling class, represented by monopoly capital and including other class and social strata within the white community”.

In his address to the SACP Imbizo held in 2017, the Secretary General of the ANC, Gwede Mantashe said:

“There is an attempt to vulgarise monopoly capital debate; today vocabulary talks about white monopoly capital. It is vulgarisation of the revolution. We then use that vulgarised terminology to deal with each other”.

We all know that the SACP 1962 programme was not a vulgar programme and neither was the SACP 1989 programme vulgar Marxism.

The General Secretary of the SACP, in his address to the COSATU Central Committee in 2017, claimed:

“There is a new phrase that we do not have by the way…white monopoly capital. It’s not anywhere in the documents of the movement. I am challenging you to go. This thing is Gupta-inspired by this public relations company Bell Pottinger by the way, that is now in the emails that are being spoken about…”

But on several occasions he used the concept.

The SACP created this concept in its programme of 1962.

* CHRISTOPHER MALIKANE is Associate Professor of Economics, Wits University.

* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM

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