(بدون عنوان)   


          Eine einzigartige Aman-Reise durch Laos und Kambodscha   
Amanresorts: London (ots) - Nicht nur geografisch liegen Laos und Kambodscha zwischen China und Indien. Auch kulturell wurden die Staaten über Jahrhunderte von ihren Nachbarn beeinflusst. Einen tiefen Einblick in die Gesellschaft, Kultur und Natur dieser Länder ...
          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Fred Branfman Risked His Life for Ordinary People   
Fred was one of the bravest and most decent journalists I ever encountered. He exposed the terrorism of the U.S. "carpet bombing" over Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia that was explicitly aimed at "drying up the sea" of millions of innocent village people that the U.S. government claimed were providing cover to the enemy during the...
          Spectacle de Flamenco à Béziers, Cie Flamenca Samantha Alcon (Sam 12 Août 2017)   
Pendant la Feria de Béziers 2017, la Cie Flamenca Samantha Alcon, vous présente le samedi 12 août à 20h30 un spectacle de Flamenco. Le spectacle aura lieu au Théâtre du Minotaure à Béziers. La danseuse Samantha Alcon et son groupe, vous présente un spectacle traditionnel de Flamenco, un voyage à Séville le temps d´une soirée. En Espagne, le "Tablao" est le meilleur endroit pour contempler un spectacle unique traditionnel, où se mêlent les chants profonds, la guitare et la danse. Ces spectacles de flamenco improvisés dans les Tablaos transmettent une émotion particulière. Samantha Alcon vous fera partager son expérience dans les Tablaos de
          Tomatsalat med mini mozzarella og kikertepesto   

Ha kikertene i et liter-målebeger og tilsett pesto og blend det grovt sammen, smak til med salt og pepper. Skjær bifftomatene i skiver. Hell fravannet fra mozzarellaosten og la den dryppe av grundig. Vend osten med 2 ss kikertepesto. Kom kikertepesto på 4 tallerkener eller et fat og bygg opp en salat med tomatene og […]

The post Tomatsalat med mini mozzarella og kikertepesto appeared first on Bonduelle.


          Tribal Cushion Cover , Hand Embroidered Textile Pillow Cover, Folk Art Textile by KulshiMumkin   

25.00 USD

▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ ▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △

I make my new tribal cushions covers from Beautifully hand embroidered Laos Skirts. They are very unusual with tribal designs.

The pieces i use are quite old and have a long story.. but i think they can make amazing and collectible Cushion Cover!

I make with a ykk zip for closing and one of my lovely zip Dangles. All of my Cushion Covers are fully lined for extra loveliness! i hope you love so much

All of my textiles are cleaned thoroughly by hand .. by me and my Auntie! They are beautiful. clean, hygenic and smell lovely!

✫···~<<✦✥ SIZE ✥✦>>~···✫

Size: 25"inches x 15"inches

▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ ▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △ (B006)

♥ If you would like to see more of my beautiful Cushion Covers.Go To.
https://www.etsy.com/shop/KulshiMumkin?ref=l2-shopheader-name§ion_id=10264195


          Tribal Cushion Cover , Hand Embroidered Textile Pillow Cover, Folk Art Textile by KulshiMumkin   

25.00 USD

▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ ▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △

I make my new tribal cushions covers from Beautifully hand embroidered Laos Skirts. They are very unusual with tribal designs.

The pieces i use are quite old and have a long story.. but i think they can make amazing and collectible Cushion Cover!

I make with a ykk zip for closing and one of my lovely zip Dangles. All of my Cushion Covers are fully lined for extra loveliness! i hope you love so much

All of my textiles are cleaned thoroughly by hand .. by me and my Auntie! They are beautiful. clean, hygenic and smell lovely!

✫···~<<✦✥ SIZE ✥✦>>~···✫

Size: 25"inches x 15"inches

▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ ▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △▽ △ (B006)

♥ If you would like to see more of my beautiful Cushion Covers.Go To.
https://www.etsy.com/shop/KulshiMumkin?ref=l2-shopheader-name§ion_id=10264195


          Cristiano Ronaldo habla por fin de sus bebés    

Cristiano Ronaldo

Igualito que la otra vez, cuando nació Cristiano Junior. El futbolista Cristiano Ronaldo, del que mucho se habla ultimamente y no por los temas que a él le gustaría, ha vuelto a tirar de redes sociales para confirmar paternidad. Algo que ya todo el mundo sabía, pero Cris no había dicho ni palabra hasta ayer por la noche, que estaba muy concentrado el hombre en su trabajo. Pues sí, es papá de gemelos y en casa ya son familia numerosa. ¡Confirmado!

Cristiano Facebook

Así lo hemos leído hace unas horas en su facebook, una vez ha finalizado su paso por la Copa Confederaciones. La selección portuguesa todavía no se vuelve, le queda un partido, pero no es la final. Y Cristiano, con su permiso, se vuelve a casa (creemos que Madrid) antes de tiempo para conocer a sus retoños, que han venido al mundo por gestación subrogada.

No disputará el tercer y cuarto puesto y hoy mismo estará de vuelta de Rusia. Y así lo ha comunicado también la Federación Portuguesa en un comunicado, en el que confirman que sabían de la paternidad de Cristiano Ronaldo antes de empezar la Copa Confederaciones:

El presidente de la FPF y el seleccionador nacional fueron informados antes de la Copa Confederaciones por el capitán de la selección nacional, Cristiano Ronaldo, que éste había sido padre. El jugador, a pesar del nacimiento de sus hijos, se preocupó de quedarse al servicio de la selección nacional, en un gesto que debemos subrayar y enaltecer. El Presidente de la FPF y el seleccionador nacional entienden que, en la imposibilidad de llegar al objetivo de ganar la Confederaciones, deben liberar al atleta para que éste pueda conocer a sus hijos

El Portugal de Fernando Santos disputará sin Cristiano su último partido, el domingo, por el tercer y cuarto puesto. Cristiano lo verá en casa rodeado de toda su familia que lleva bastante tiempo fuera. El pasado 17 de junio fue el cumpleaños de Cristiano Junior, y así lo felicitaba en Instagram su orgulloso padre. El mejor regalo sin duda sus dos hermanitos, que están ya en casa desde esa fecha más o menos:

Los pequeños Eva y Mateo nacieron el pasado 8 de junio y fue la madre de Cristiano la primera en ir a conocerlos a Estados Unidos. ¡Ahora queremos una foto de los tres juntos! Cris, porfa, haznos ese bonito regalo.

¿Y Georgina?

🚺 @kleykafe @javierlopezphoto @patrickniccolai @josecarlosdelaosa

Una publicación compartida de Georgina Rodríguez (@georginagio) el

Silenciosa, Georgina (que ahora en parte también es un poco mamá de gemelos) empieza sus primeros pasos en el mundo de la moda y hace una semana publicaba esta foto. De embarazo nada y a ver en qué queda la cosa, está claro que si Cristiano se cambia de equipo (que yo espero que no) y se va de Madrid y de España, ella se irá con él a donde haga falta.

Vía | Facebook Cristiano Ronaldo
En Poprosa | Cristiano Ronaldo celebra su mejor título: papá de gemelos
En Poprosa | A ver si al final Cristiano Ronaldo y Georgina van a estar embarazados


          Laos' first cardinal focused on evangelization, dialogue   

Pakse, Laos, Jun 29, 2017 / 03:45 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- When selecting new cardinals, Pope Francis has often sought to go to the “peripheries” of the Church, which is particularly notable in his elevation of Cardinal Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun of Paksé.

Cardinal Ling's local Church is an apostolic vicariate in Laos, a communist country of southeast Asia where Catholics make up only about one percent of the population. He is the first cardinal to hail from the nation.

The newly-minted cardinal’s resume includes a number of issues of keen interest for Francis, including evangelization, pastoral aid for the faithful where the Church is persecuted, a use of dialogue in diplomatic relations, and a concern for the environment.

Born in Laos in 1944, Cardinal Ling attend a seminary of the Voluntas Dei Institute (associated with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate) in Canada, and was ordained a priest of the Vicariate Apostolic of Vientiane in 1972, three years before the communist takeover of the country.

He was appointed vicar apostolic of Paksé in 2000, and consecrated a bishop the following year. He was elevated to the cardinalate June 28.

Cardinal Ling’s ministry in the majority-Buddhist country has been greatly varied as he has responded to the unique challenges facing the Church and the people there. Catholics number just over a mere 45,000 in the country of 7 million, and are served by only 33 priests.

“We are in the minority as Catholics, but we understand each other always; whether you are a cardinal or not, you are the same, you have to be simple and really with the people,” he told CNA.

Given such a small Catholic population, Cardinal Ling, 73, has long placed importance on catechesis and evangelization. Many married missionaries, as well as the country’s seminarians, go into villages to minister to the Catholic flock there. He is also described as placing an emphasis on integrating Christianity into the local culture in order to promote harmony with the religious majority of the country.

The communist takeover in 1975 posed a great challenge for the Church in Laos, which, anticipating persecution, stopped or scaled back many of its public liturgies and catechetical programs. Foreign missionaries were expelled. However, a surprisingly tolerant government has since allowed for the re-growth of the Church. However, the Church still faces challenges from the powers that be.

“The Church is treated very poorly in Laos – probably the worst in ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) save for Brunei,” a “well-place[d] diplomat source” told UCA News in May.

Cardinal Ling is noted for having good relationships with government authorities. Despite challenges, the cardinal holds out hope for the future of his flock. While Laos is one of the few countries lacking full diplomatic relations with the Vatican, progress has been made in the recent past, and the presence of a Laotian in the College of Cardinals will offer a prime opportunity for continued building of these relationships.

Fr. Raphael Tran Xuan Nhan of Vietnam, who has worked in Laos since 2005, described Bishop Ling to UCA News as a “kind, friendly, wise and open-minded man” who is “interested in evangelization work and welcomes all foreign missionaries to his country.” He describes the cardinal's diplomatic approach as “dialogue rather than confrontation.”

The beatification of 17 martyrs from the region, killed by communist forces in the second half of the twentieth century, was yet another sign of warming Church-state relations, as well as providing a sense of renewal for local Catholics.

The new cardinal has also spoken out of concern for the environment, responding to fast-paced deforestation in the region.

“Now we are starting to destroy ourselves,” he said, as reported by UCA News. “It’s not from climate change itself but [it is] coming from human beings and humans doing something very wrong to destroy the earth.”

The elevation of Ling to the College of Cardinals represents a peripheral perspective from a long-time pastor with broad experience in many of the challenges facing the Church today.


Alexey Gotovskiy contributed to this report.


          Visiting Pencils of Promise in Laos!   
Earlier this year, somewhere after Bali and before South Africa, I stopped over in Laos to see the Pencils of Promise Laos office. While I had a chance to visit Guatemala in 2013, I’ve never been to any of their other communities. Since, I was in the midst of a Southeast Asia jaunt, I thought...  continue reading > 
          By: zenpundit   
<b>"And as long as I’m talking about South Korea, I note that for a long time it a basket case run by a dictatorship. No more. I suppose if Nixon had been president in 1953 he would have tossed them under the bus, too"</b> Well, Nixon was Vice-president then and he did not feel that way about South Korea. More than that, he advocated threatening to use nuclear weapons to stymie Communist victory in Vietnam during Dien Bien Phu and again over Communist infiltration of Laos. Ike said no. The reason for Nixon's position then is that circumstances were different in a strategic sense. If the South Vietnamese Army fought their war ten times harder than the Afghans have the past decade, the South Koreans fought three times as hard in their war than the South Vietnamese. The ROK army did not lack for martial spirit then or now (the South Korean units later sent to Vietnam to fight were greatly feared by the Vietcong. The US also enjoyed overwhelming nuclear superiority during the 1950's in every category - megatonnage, throw weight, accuracy, delivery vehicles etc. Nixon knew the US could play from a position of overwhelming strength in Korea or Indochina at that time. Times changed. A combination of a Soviet arms build-up and McNamara-LBJ policy of intentionally allowing the Soviets to catch-up had eroded that great advantage. Nixon inherited that weaker hand along with a war in Vietnam the best and the brightest had royally screwed up. Momentum internationally was on the Soviet side and Nixon changed that by flipping China into an anti-Soviet camp. If you think the 70's were bad - and they were - imagine them with even less Soviet restraint Nixon did not *want* Saigon to fall, certainly not on his watch, and he hoped US aid and air support could keep ARVN on an even footing with the North. But his assessment that South Vietnam was less important to US national security than China tilting against the Soviets in sync with America was sound. The aid cut-off by Democrats to Saigon was not something he ever anticipated and probably would not have happened but for Watergate weakening the presidency and emboldening the anti-war wing of the Democratic Party. Nixon also overestimated how much influence China and even the USSR had with Hanoi in brokering a peace deal. Nixon was not afraid to squeeze when he had an advantage but LBJ did not leave him very much to work with in 1969 but did bequeath Nixon many extremely serious problems to fix
          Lao Morning News For June 30   

Laos Seizes Cache of Illegal Logs Owned by Governor’s Wife: Official State inspection authorities in Laos have seized more than two dozen trucks after they were found to be hauling timber illegally logged by the wife of the governor of Attapeu province for sale across the border in Vietnam, according to an official source. — […]

The post Lao Morning News For June 30 appeared first on AEC News Today.


          LAOS Kettenanhänger aus massiv 925 Silber mit 50 cm Halskette   
37,90 EUR
Halskette Panzer 1,2 mm - 50 cm lang - mit Kettenanh?nger aus der Form der LAOS Landkarte aus massiv 925 Sterling Silber!Der Anh?nger ist mit einer gro?en ?se versehen, sodass dieser auch mit einer etwas dickeren Halskette getragen werden kann.Die Anh?nger werden in einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede aus massivem Material hergestellt und selbstverst?ndlich 925 gestempelt!Landkarte : LAOSMaterial: massiv 925 Sterling SilberGr??e: ca. 24 mm und 1 mm dickGewicht : ca. 3,5 gOberfl?che: Vorderseite handpoliert und R?ckseite matt geb?rstetHalskette: 50 cm lang, Panzer 1,2 mm mit Federring-VerschlussSonderanfertigungen, wie z.B. ein anderes Land, gr??er oder aus einem anderen Material k?nnen auf Wunsch f?r Sie hergestellt werden. Fragen Sie uns einfach danach! Wir werden Ihnen sicherlich weiter helfen k?nnen!Alle Kettenanh?nger werden direkt nach Ihrer Bestellung von einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede extra f?r Sie angefertigt.Die Abbildungen sind nicht in Originalgr??e - Bitte entnehmen Sie die Gr??e der jeweiligen Produktbeschreibung!

          Fãs da Kombi fazem viagem da Malásia até a Alemanha   
Grupo de malaios vai de Kombi da Malásia até a fábrica de Hannover (Foto: Divulgação)

 

O culto dos Volkswagen refrigerados a ar tem algo de religioso, o que ajuda a explicar a aventura de um grupo de proprietários de Kombi na Malásia, que partiram de Kuala Lumpur (a capital malaia) até a Alemanha só para levarem seus carros até onde eles foram produzidos originalmente. Foram três meses, dois continentes e 20 mil quilômetros, uma jornada da Malásia até Hannover.

Foram três modelos da Bulli, como é chamada a Kombi no país oriental, duas T1 (primeira geração) de 1967 e uma T2 de 1978, acompanhadas de um Fusquinha. Cliften Nathaniel dirigiu a T2, Terence Moses uma das T1 e Stephen Pang a outra, enquanto o casal Monica Xavier e Udhaya Kumar os acompanharam no Besouro. 

 


Os cinco passaram pela Tailândia, Laos, China, Rússia e cruzaram parte da Europa. “Bullis são simplesmente indestrutíveis. E quando nós precisamos consertá-las, podemos normalmente fazer isso com nossas próprias mãos”, elogia Terense Moses. Claro que eles levaram uma série de itens de emergência e reposição, incluindo estepes extras, peças e ferramentas, carregados à moda tradicional sobre o teto. A capacidade de carga da cabine foi bem ocupada pela quantidade enorme de bagagens.

O ponto de chegada foi a fábrica de veículos comerciais do grupo Volkswagen, em Hannover, onde foram recebidos animadamente pelos operários e puderam tirar fotos com seus carros em plena linha de produção, onde ainda são produzidas as “Kombis” modernas.

Os malaios conseguiram levar as Kombis até o lugar em que foram fabricadas (Foto: Divulgação)

 


“Nós sabemos que temos fãs da Kombi espalhados pelo globo. Mas vê-los viajar até aqui por uma distância tão grande em seus veículos antigos é uma experiência que nunca vivenciamos antes. É uma honra apresentar a nossa fábrica para os nossos fãs do outro que atravessaram parte do mundo. Afinal, esse é o lugar de nascimento da maioria dos (VW) T”, afirmou o chefe de produção Friedrich Mattiszik.

E a jornada não parou por aí. Os malaios foram ainda ao encontro de Volks antigos em Hessich-Oldendor (na Baixa Saxônia), onde encontraram-se com cerca de 45 mil fãs, que levaram 900 veículos de 28 países.

Após essa parada na Alemanha, o grupo vai visitar outros países como Bélgica, França e nações escandinavas. A visita inclui paradas em vários orfanatos e outras instituições de caridade, parte da campanha “Live2drive realizada por eles”. O percurso total será de cerca de 50 mil km até voltarem ao lar.


          Merry Christmas   
BOCORAN TOGEL LAOS HARI SABTU ditampilkan lebih awal di PORTIBI TOGEL.


          DIY HALTER DRESS   

Elossa ollaan! Ei vielä aivan täysin vedossa, mutta kuitenkin sen verran hengissä, että pääsin juhlistamaan viikonloppuna ystävien häitä, ja vielä ompelin itse mekonkin juhliin. Alkutalvella tuntuu jotenkin loogisemmalta pistää päälle pitempää kolttua, ja kaikki kaapissani jo valmiiksi roikkuvat pitemmät mekot olivat sävyä koralli ja kesä. Kun aikaa häihin oli enää viikko, eikä mulla ollut vieläkään mekkoa, marssin kangaskauppaan ja ostin puolitoista metriä burgundyn väristä satiinia.

Tällainen sitten lopulta syntyi viikossa, kiireessä ja ilman valmiita kaavoja.










Tein ensin mekon alaosan kolmesta yhteen ommellusta kaistaleesta, jotka rypytin kiinni vyötärönauhaan. Sisäpuolelle kiinnitin vuoreksi ohuen aluskankaan ja taakse ompelin vetoketjun. Kolmion mallisen yläosan sommittelin kaulan ympärille tulevaan kapeaan kaistaleeseen ja kiinnitin alaosaan. Vaikka muutama kirosana taisi päästä mekon kyhäämisen aikana, sain sen juhlia edeltävänä ilta kuitenkin kasaan, ja seuraavana päivänä päälle. Taas jäi hieman viime tippaan mun ompelut, mutta eihän sitä voi keskenkään jättää kun on jotain kerran aloittanut.


-T


          Tuunattu tylliunelma   
Jostain syystä aina katsoessani yllä olevaa kuvaa, alkaa päässä soida Carly Rae Jepsenin Run away with meMutta siis asiaan! Keväällä postailinkin pukujahdista, jonka tuloksena päädyin hankkimaan unelmieni hääpuvun. Ainakin melkein. Se oli oikeastaan aika sinnepäin, mutta muutoksia oli silti tehtävä paljon. Olisin tietysti voinut jättää koltun kauppaan ja jatkaa etsintöjä, mutta hääpuvun tuunausprojekti tuntui niin houkuttelevalta, että päätin ottaa haasteen vastaan. Saisinpahan ainakin uniikin ja täysin omannäköisen yksilön.

Itselleni oli tärkeämpää puvun malli ja sopivuus, kuin merkki tai vallitsevat hääpukutrendit. Vaikka ihan kokeeksi sovitin merenneitomallisia ja laahuksellisia pukuja (ja nekin olivat oikein ihania), toi se mulle vain varmuuden siitä että havittelemani puvun malli oli mulle juuri se oikea. Joskus sitten vuosien päästä katsoessani hääkuvia, haluan ajatella että toi oli juuri se prinsessapuku josta aina pienenä tyttönä haaveilin.


Vaikka alkuperäinen puku oli ihan sievä, oli yläosassa omaan makuuni liikaa bligiä, liikaa pituutta, kiinnitys tapahtui nyöreillä, ja kangaskin oli liian luonnonvalkoinen. Niinpä siis kiikutin koltun ompelijan pakeille, ja aloitimme yhdessä tuunausprojektin. Mekko-osaa nostettiin viitisen senttiä ylemmäs, jolloin yläosa lyheni sopivan mittaiseksi. Helmet, paljetit ja muut härpäkkeet irroitettiin, ja tilalle pistettiin uusi kirkkaamman valkoinen pitsi. Alle jätimme kuitenkin hieman luonnollisemman valkoisen kankaan, joka siftasi nätisti pitsin läpi tuoden kuviot paremmin esille. Sama kangas kuulsi myös alaosassa valkoisten tyllien alta. Takaosan nyörikiinnityksen vaihdoimme vetoketjuun.











Lopputulos oli juuri sellainen kun olin suunnitellut. Ihana tyllikasa. Näyttävä mutta silti yksinkertainen, ilman blingejä tai mitään ylimääräistä. Puvun alla oli suuri vannehame, joka teki fiiliksestä yllättävän keveän ja muutenkin puku oli mukava päällä. Nyt pesulakäynnin jälkeen hieman haikein mielin ajattelin pistää koltun myyntiin. Olisihan tuo kiva säilyttää, mutta viehän se melkein puolet vaatehuoneesta ja tuskin tulisin kovin montaa kertaa hääpuku päällä hengaamaan. Onneksi on kuvia, joita voi aina fiilistellä!

-T

          vakantiehuisje in Agios nikolaos m., Griekenland : Agios Nikolaos voor 5 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Agios NikolaosBij dit droomachtige panorama uitzicht aan de baai van Stoupa krijgt u echt het vakantiegevoel. De GR-17 is een van in totaal 4 stenen huizen op een terrein van ongeveer 5.000m², waar elk huis op een privé grondstuk met eigen zwembad ligt. Slechts 2,5 km. verwijderd is het kiezelstrand van Aghios Nikolaos, hier vindt u ook een paar tavernes en kleine winkeltjes. Het zandstrand van Pantazi ligt op ongeveer 4 km afstand. Bezoekt u zeker een Pylos en het paleis Nestor. Kalamata, een stad die over een internationale vluchthaven beschikt ligt op 40 km afstand. Gratis gebruik van tennisbaan.
          The Folly of the Next Afghan "Surge"   

Tread Carefully: The Folly of the Next Afghan "Surge"

Thursday, June 29, 2017 By Danny SjursenTomDispatch | News Analysis 
A US Army soldier fires at Taliban fighters near the village of Allah Say, Afghanistan, on August 21, 2007. (Photo: The US Army)A US Army soldier fires at Taliban fighters near the village of Allah Say, Afghanistan, on August 21, 2007. (Photo: The US Army)
We walked in a single file. Not because it was tactically sound. It wasn't -- at least according to standard infantry doctrine. Patrolling southern Afghanistan in column formation limited maneuverability, made it difficult to mass fire, and exposed us to enfilading machine-gun bursts. Still, in 2011, in the Pashmul District of Kandahar Province, single file was our best bet.
The reason was simple enough: improvised bombs not just along roads but seemingly everywhere.  Hundreds of them, maybe thousands. Who knew?
That's right, the local "Taliban" -- a term so nebulous it's basically lost all meaning -- had managed to drastically alter U.S. Army tactics with crude, homemade explosives stored in plastic jugs. And believe me, this was a huge problem. Cheap, ubiquitous, and easy to bury, those anti-personnel Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, soon littered the "roads," footpaths, and farmland surrounding our isolated outpost. To a greater extent than a number of commanders willingly admitted, the enemy had managed to nullify our many technological advantages for a few pennies on the dollar (or maybe, since we're talking about the Pentagon, it was pennies on the millions of dollars).
Truth be told, it was never really about our high-tech gear.  Instead, American units came to rely on superior training and discipline, as well as initiative and maneuverability, to best their opponents.  And yet those deadly IEDs often seemed to even the score, being both difficult to detect and brutally effective. So there we were, after too many bloody lessons, meandering along in carnival-like, Pied Piper-style columns. Bomb-sniffing dogs often led the way, followed by a couple of soldiers carrying mine detectors, followed by a few explosives experts. Only then came the first foot soldiers, rifles at the ready. Anything else was, if not suicide, then at least grotesquely ill-advised.
And mind you, our improvised approach didn't always work either. To those of us out there, each patrol felt like an ad hoc round of Russian roulette.  In that way, those IEDs completely changed how we operated, slowing movement, discouraging extra patrols, and distancing us from what was then considered the ultimate "prize": the local villagers, or what was left of them anyway.  In a counterinsurgency (COIN) campaign, which is what the U.S. military was running in Afghanistan in those years, that was the definition of defeat.
Strategic Problems in Microcosm
My own unit faced a dilemma common to dozens -- maybe hundreds -- of other American units in Afghanistan. Every patrol was slow, cumbersome, and risky. The natural inclination, if you cared about your boys, was to do less. But effective COIN operations require securing territory and gaining the trust of the civilians living there. You simply can't do that from inside a well-protected American base. One obvious option was to live in the villages -- which we eventually did -- but that required dividing up the company into smaller groups and securing a second, third, maybe fourth location, which quickly became problematic, at least for my 82-man cavalry troop (when at full strength). And, of course, there were no less than fivevillages in my area of responsibility.
I realize, writing this now, that there's no way I can make the situation sound quite as dicey as it actually was.  How, for instance, were we to "secure and empower" a village population that was, by then, all but nonexistent?  Years, even decades, of hard fighting, air strikes, and damaged crops had left many of those villages in that part of Kandahar Province little more than ghost towns, while cities elsewhere in the country teemed with uprooted and dissatisfied peasant refugees from the countryside.
Sometimes, it felt as if we were fighting over nothing more than a few dozen deserted mud huts.  And like it or not, such absurdity exemplified America's war in Afghanistan.  It still does.  That was the view from the bottom.  Matters weren't -- and aren't -- measurably better at the top.  As easily as one reconnaissance troop could be derailed, so the entire enterprise, which rested on similarly shaky foundations, could be unsettled.
At a moment when the generals to whom President Trump recently delegateddecision-making powers on U.S. troop strength in that country consider a new Afghan "surge," it might be worth looking backward and zooming out just a bit. Remember, the very idea of "winning" the Afghan War, which left my unit in that collection of mud huts, rested (and still rests) on a few rather grandiose assumptions. 
The first of these surely is that the Afghans actually want (or ever wanted) us there; the second, that the country was and still is vital to our national security; and the third, that 10,000, 50,000, or even 100,000 foreign troops ever were or now could be capable of "pacifying" an insurgency, or rather a growing set of insurgencies, or securing 33 million souls, or facilitating a stable, representative government in a heterogeneous, mountainous, landlocked country with little history of democracy.
The first of these points is at least debatable. As you might imagine, any kind of accurate polling is quite difficult, if not impossible, outside the few major population centers in that isolated country.  Though many Afghans, particularly urban ones, may favor a continued U.S. military presence, others clearly wonder what good a new influx of foreigners will do in their endlessly war-torn nation.  As one high-ranking Afghan official recently lamented, thinking undoubtedly of the first use in his land of the largest non-nuclear bomb on the planet, "Is the plan just to use our country as a testing ground for bombs?" And keep in mind that the striking rise in territory the Taliban now controls, the most since they were driven from power in 2001, suggests that the U.S. presence is hardly welcomed everywhere.
The second assumption is far more difficult to argue or justify.  To say the least, classifying a war in far-away Afghanistan as "vital" relies on a rather pliable definition of the term.  If that passes muster -- if bolstering the Afghan military to the tune of (at least) tens of billions of dollars annually and thousands of new boots-on-the-ground in order to deny safe haven to "terrorists" is truly "vital" -- then logically the current U.S. presences in Iraq, Syria, Somalia, and Yemen are critical as well and should be similarly fortified.  And what about the growing terror groups in Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Tunisia, and so on?  We're talking about a truly expensive proposition here -- in blood and treasure.  But is it true?  Rational analysis suggests it is not.  After all, on average about seven Americans were killed by Islamist terrorists on U.S. soil annually from 2005 to 2015.  That puts terrorism deaths right up there with shark attacks and lightning strikes.  The fear is real, the actual danger... less so.
As for the third point, it's simply preposterous. One look at U.S. military attempts at "nation-building" or post-conflict stabilization and pacification in Iraq, Libya, or -- dare I say -- Syria should settle the issue. It's often said that the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior. Yet here we are, 14 years after the folly of invading Iraq and many of the same voices -- inside and outside the administration -- are clamoring for one more "surge" in Afghanistan (and, of course, will be clamoring for the predictable surges to follow across the Greater Middle East).
The very idea that the U.S. military had the ability to usher in a secure Afghanistan is grounded in a number of preconditions that proved to be little more than fantasies.  First, there would have to be a capable, reasonably corruption-free local governing partner and military.  That's a nonstarter.  Afghanistan's corrupt, unpopular national unity government is little better than the regime of Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam in the 1960s and that American war didn't turn out so well, did it?  Then there's the question of longevity.  When it comes to the U.S. military presence there, soon to head into its 16th year, how long is long enough?  Several mainstream voices, including former Afghan commander General David Petraeus, are now talking about at least a "generation" more to successfully pacify Afghanistan.  Is that really feasible given America's growing resource constraints and the ever expanding set of dangerous "ungoverned spaces" worldwide?
And what could a new surge actually do?  The U.S. presence in Afghanistan is essentially a fragmented series of self-contained bases, each of which needs to be supplied and secured.  In a country of its size, with a limited transportation infrastructure, even the 4,000-5,000 extra troops the Pentagon is reportedly considering sending right now won't go very far. 
Now, zoom out again.  Apply the same calculus to the U.S. position across the Greater Middle East and you face what we might start calling the Afghan paradox, or my own quandary safeguarding five villages with only 82 men writ large.  Do the math.  The U.S. military is already struggling to keep up with its commitments.  At what point is Washington simply spinning its proverbial wheels?  I'll tell you when -- yesterday.
Now, think about those three questionable Afghan assumptions and one uncomfortable actuality leaps forth. The only guiding force left in the American strategic arsenal is inertia.
What Surge 4.0 Won't Do -- I Promise ...
Remember something: this won't be America's first Afghan "surge."  Or its second, or even its third.  No, this will be the U.S. military's fourth crack at it.  Who feels lucky?  First came President George W. Bush's "quiet" surge back in 2008.  Next, just one month into his first term, newly minted President Barack Obama sent 17,000 more troops to fight his so-called good war (unlike the bad one in Iraq) in southern Afghanistan.  After a testy strategic review, he then committed 30,000 additional soldiers to the "real" surge a year later.  That's what brought me (and the rest of B Troop, 4-4 Cavalry) to Pashmul district in 2011.  We left -- most of us -- more than five years ago, but of course about 8,800 American military personnel remain today and they are the basis for the surge to come.
To be fair, Surge 4.0 might initially deliver certain modest gains (just as each of the other three did in their day).  Realistically, more trainers, air support, and logistics personnel could indeed stabilize some Afghan military units for some limited amount of time.  Sixteen years into the conflict, with 10% as many American troops on the ground as at the war's peak, and after a decade-plus of training, Afghan security forces are still being battered by the insurgents.  In the last years, they've been experiencing record casualties, along with the usual massive stream of desertions and the legions of "ghost soldiers" who can neither die nor desert because they don't exist, although their salaries do (in the pockets of their commanders or other lucky Afghans).  And that's earned them a "stalemate," which has left the Taliban and other insurgent groups in control of a significant part of the country.  And if all goes well (which isn't exactly a surefire thing), that's likely to be the best that Surge 4.0 can produce: a long, painful tie.
Peel back the onion's layers just a bit more and the ostensible reasons for America's Afghan War vanish along with all the explanatory smoke and mirrors. After all, there are two things the upcoming "mini-surge" will emphatically not do:
*It won't change a failing strategic formula.
Imagine that formula this way: American trainers + Afghan soldiers + loads of cash + (unspecified) time = a stable Afghan government and lessening Taliban influence.
It hasn't worked yet, of course, but -- so the surge-believers assure us -- that's because we need more: more troops, more money, more time.  Like so many loyal Reaganites, their answers are always supply-side ones and none of them ever seems to wonder whether, almost 16 years later, the formula itself might not be fatally flawed.
According to news reports, no solution being considered by the current administration will even deal with the following interlocking set of problems: Afghanistan is a large, mountainous, landlocked, ethno-religiously heterogeneous, poor country led by a deeply corrupt government with a deeply corrupt military.  In a place long known as a "graveyard of empires," the United States military and the Afghan Security Forces continue to wage what one eminent historian has termed "fortified compound warfare."  Essentially, Washington and its local allies continue to grapple with relatively conventional threats from exceedingly mobile Taliban fighters across a porous border with Pakistan, a country that has offered not-so-furtive support and a safe haven for those adversaries.  And the Washington response to this has largely been to lock its soldiers inside those fortified compounds (and focus on protecting them against "insider attacks" by those Afghans it works with and trains).  It hasn't worked.  It can't.  It won't. 
Consider an analogous example.  In Vietnam, the United States never solved the double conundrum of enemy safe havens and a futile search for legitimacy.  The Vietcong guerillas and North Vietnamese Army used nearby Cambodia, Laos, and North Vietnam to rest, refit, and replenish.  U.S. troops meanwhile lacked legitimacy because their corrupt South Vietnamese partners lacked it.
Sound familiar?  We face the same two problems in Afghanistan: a Pakistani safe haven and a corrupt, unpopular central government in Kabul.  Nothing, and I mean nothing, in any future troop surge will effectively change that.
*It won't pass the logical fallacy test.
The minute you really think about it, the whole argument for a surge or mini-surge instantly slides down a philosophical slippery slope.
If the war is really about denying terrorists safe havens in ungoverned or poorly governed territory, then why not surge more troops into Yemen, Somalia, Nigeria, Libya, Pakistan (where al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden's son Hamza bin-Laden are believed to be safely ensconced), Iraq, Syria, Chechnya, Dagestan (where one of the Boston Marathon bombers was radicalized), or for that matter Paris or London.  Every one of those places has harbored and/or is harboring terrorists.  Maybe instead of surging yet again in Afghanistan or elsewhere, the real answer is to begin to realize that all the U.S. military in its present mode of operation can do to change that reality is make it worse.  After all, the last 15 years offer a vision of how it continually surges and in the process only creates yet more ungovernable lands and territories. 
So much of the effort, now as in previous years, rests on an evident desire among military and political types in Washington to wage the war they know, the one their army is built for: battles for terrain, fights that can be tracked and measured on maps, the sort of stuff that staff officers (like me) can display on ever more-complicated PowerPoint slides.  Military men and traditional policymakers are far less comfortable with ideological warfare, the sort of contest where their instinctual proclivity to "do something" is often counterproductive.
As U.S. Army Field Manual 3-24 -- General David Petraeus' highly touted counterinsurgency "bible" -- wisely opined: "Sometimes doing nothing is the best reaction."  It's high time to follow such advice (even if it's not the advice that Petraeus himself is offering anymore).
A little foreign policy humility goes a long way toward not heading down that slippery slope.  Why, then, do Americans continue to deceive themselves?  Why do they continue to believe that even 100,000 boys from Indiana and Alabama could alter Afghan society in a way Washington would like?  Or any other foreign land for that matter?
I suppose some generals and policymakers are just plain gamblers.  But before putting your money on the next Afghan surge, it might be worth flashing back to the limitations, struggles, and sacrifices of just one small unit in one tiny, contested district of southern Afghanistan in 2011...
Lonely Pashmul
So, on we walked -- single file, step by treacherous step -- for nearly a year.  Most days things worked out.  Until they didn't.  Unfortunately, some soldiers found bombs the hard way: three dead, dozens wounded, one triple amputee.  So it went and so we kept on going.  Always onward. Ever forward. For America? Afghanistan? Each other? No matter.  And so it seems other Americans will keep on going in 2017, 2018, 2019...
Lift foot. Hold breath. Step. Exhale.
Keep walking... to defeat... but together.
[Note: The views expressed in this article are those of the author, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.]
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DANNY SJURSEN

Major Danny Sjursen is a US Army strategist and former history instructor at West Point. He served tours with reconnaissance units in Iraq and Afghanistan. He has written a memoir and critical analysis of the Iraq War, Ghostriders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge. He lives with his wife and four sons near Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 

          Frauen mit 50 am glücklichsten   
 

silla de Laos por un contrato de moda en la estructura resistente de aluminio en grafito. Asiento y respaldo están hechos de mimbre sintético tejido, disponible en varios colores.

medidas silla a la barra de muebles: L. 57 P. 62 H. 91 cm (altura H. reposabrazos 64 cm del suelo)

Silla de playa disponible en los siguientes colores:

  • antracita
  • café
  • blanco

Price: 107,00 € Special Price: 86,67 €


          East Asia Summit and the South China Sea   
The East Asia Summit (EAS), the next week in Laos would see leaders assembling from 18 countries to take up the issues discussed earlier at Kuala Lumpur in November 2015. The EAS, which comprises the...
          ASEAN meeting at Laos: An opportunity to strengthen the SCS verdict    
China in the aftermath of the judgement of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague has been working overtime to ensure there is no united stance of the ASEAN and no statement is issued...
          Vietnam, Laos bolster security cooperation   
The 8th Vietnam-Laos Security Cooperation Conference transpired from June 29-30 in Vientiane under the co-chair of Deputy Minister of Public Security Sen. Lieut. Gen. Bui Van Nam and his Lao counterpart Lieut. Gen. Kongthong Phongvichith
          Нощувка на човек на база Закуска, Закуска и вечеря в Domotel Agios Nikolaos 4*, Игуменица, Епир   

          Ayam Panggang Gaya (Kota) Malang   

Bahan:

1 ayam, kira-kira 800 g, potong empat

1 sendok teh asam, rendam dengan 2 sendok makan air

3 sendok makan minyak sayur

250 ml santan kental

1 batang sereh, bagian putihnya saja, potong 3 bagian dan geprak

Bahan bumbu:

1 sendok teh merica bulat

2 sendok teh biji ketumbar

1/2 sendok teh biji jinten

4-6 buah cabai merah, iris-iris

5 buah bawang merah, iris-iris

2 sendok makan bawang putih, geprak

2 sendok teh kencur

1/2 sendok makan laos, iris-iris

1/2 sendok teh kunyit

1/2 sendok teh terasi

2 lembar daun jeruk purut, iris-

1-2 sendok teh gula merah

1 sendok teh garam, atau sesuai selera


Cara membuat:

1. Taruh potongan ayam di baskom besar, lumuri dengan air asam.

2. Tumis kering (tanpa minyak) merica bulat, biji ketumbar dan biji jinten sampai harum, 2-3 menit. Haluskan ketiga bahan ini dengan bahan bumbu lainnya.

3. Panaskan minyak di wajan, tumis bahan bumbu dengan api sedang hingga harum, 4-5 menit. Tuang santan kental dan sereh, didihkan sambil diaduk-aduk. Tusuk-tusuk ayam dengan garpu, masukkan ke wajan. Masak dengan api sedang, sambil sesekali diaduk. Masak hingga ayam matang dan santan terserap. Bisa ditambah air sedikit kalau keliatannya kuah sudah mulai kering tapi ayam belum matang.

4. Panaskan grill atau barbecue. Angkat ayam, lumuri dengan sausnya dan panggang hingga kecokelatan.

Catatan: kalau males pakai biji-bjian (merica, ketumbar, jinten), pakai yang bubuk, tapi tetap ditumis kering hingga harum.

Sumber: diadaptasi dari Fabulous Asian Homestyle Recipes (Periplus)



          Εναρξη λειτουργιας της Στρατιωτικής Σχολής Ευελπίδων στο Ναύπλιο   


ΕΠΕΤΕΙΑΚΑ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΚΑ ΓΕΓΟΝΟΤΑ
Εναρξη λειτουργιας της Στρατιωτικής Σχολής Ευελπίδων στο Ναύπλιο
    Την 1η Ιουλίου 1828 αρχίζει η λειτουργία της Στρατιωτικής Σχολής Ευελπίδων, με την επωνυμία «Λόχος Ευελπίδων», Διοικητή τον Ιταλό Λοχαγό Σαλτάλι και ανώτερο επόπτη τον Βαυαρό Συνταγματάρχη Έιδεκ. Το διάταγμα της ίδρυσής της υπεγράφη αργότερα, στις 21 Δεκεμβρίου1828. «Άρχεσθαι μαθών άρχειν επιστήσει» το μότο της σχολής.
    Η Στρατιωτική Σχολή Ευελπίδων (Σ.Σ.Ε.) είναι Ανώτατο Στρατιωτικό Εκπαιδευτικό Ίδρυμα (ΑΣΕΙ) του Ελληνικού Στρατού (ξηράς) και το αρχαιότερο Ανώτατο Εκπαιδευτικό Ίδρυμα της Ελλάδας. Ιδρύθηκε στο Ναύπλιο την 1η Ιουλίου 1828 με διάταγμα του Ιωάννη Καποδίστρια, αποτελώντας σχολή αξιωματικών.

    Ο Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας θέλοντας να πλαισιώσει το Τακτικό Σώμα Στρατούμε ικανά στελέχη, προχωράει με διάταγμα στην ίδρυση Στρατιωτικής σχολής την οποία και ονομάζει Στρατιωτική Σχολή Ευελπίδων.
    Σαν πρότυπο έθεσε τη Γαλλική Πολυτεχνική Σχολή (École Polytechnique) δημιούργημα του Ναπολέοντα.  Αναθέτει λοιπόν την εποπτεία της συγκρότησης και οργάνωσης στον Βαυαρό Συνταγματάρχη Καρλ Βίλχελμ φον Χάιντεκ, ο οποίος ήταν εκείνη την εποχή διευθυντής του Τακτικού Στρατού.
    Ο ίδιος ο Καποδίστριαςονόμασε τους πέντε πρώτους μαθητές «Ευέλπιδες». Την 1η Ιουλίου 1828 η Σχολή ιδρύεται στο Ναύπλιο με προσωρινό τίτλο «Λόχος των προγυμναστών» ενώ η διεύθυνση της ανατίθεται στον Ιταλό υπολοχαγό Ρωμύλο ντε Σαντέλι ο οποίος όμως αποδείχθηκε ανεπαρκής για ένα τέτοιο εγχείρημα.  Έτσι, την ίδια χρονιά ο Καποδίστριας τον αντικαθιστά με τον Γάλλο λοχαγό του Πυροβολικού Ανρί Πωζιέ. Οι πρώτοι οκτώ Ανθυπολοχαγοί Πυροβολικού αποφοίτησαν το 1831, στους οποίους φόρεσε τις επωμίδες ο ίδιος ο Καποδίστριας. Το 1831 ο Καποδίστριας διορίζει στην θέση του διευθυντή της Σχολής τον Ρώσο Αντισυνταγματάρχη Πυροβολικού Νικόλαο Ραϊκόφ.

    Στόχος της κυβέρνησης ήταν η σχολή να εκπαιδεύσει δημόσιους μηχανικούς οι οποίοι θα αναλάμβαναν κρατικά τεχνικά έργα και στην συνέχεια έργα για την οχύρωση της χώρας. Η διάρκεια της εκπαίδευσης καθορίστηκε στα 3 έτη. Το 1834 τα έτη σπουδών αυξήθηκαν στα 8 και προστέθηκαν περισσότερα μαθήματα, εισάγονται δε μαθητές ηλικίας από 12 ετών. Την ίδια χρονιά η σχολή μεταφέρεται στην Αίγινα, στο κτίριο του Καποδιστριακού Ορφανοτροφείου ενώ το 1837 στον Πειραιά.

Διοικητές της Σχολής
1.  Υπολοχαγός ΡΩΜΥΛΟ ΝΤΕ ΣΑΝΤΕΛΛΙ (1828)
2.  Αντισυνταγματάρχης ΠΩΖΙΕ ΕΡΡΙΚΟΣ (1829-1831)
4.  Λοχαγός ΣΤΑΥΡΙΔΗΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΣ (1832)
5.  Επιλοχαγός ΑΞΕΛΟΣ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ (1832)




          CHOReVOLUTION Platform at Open Cloud Forum Paris 2017   

Nikolaos Georgantas, INRIA Research Scientist presents the CHOReVOLUTION platform during the open cloud forum by OW2, in parallel of Cloud Computing World Expo, 22 March 2017, in Paris.
          CHOReVOLUTION WP3 Enablers   

CHOReVOLUTION Enablers Work package 3 by Nikolaos Georgantas, Inria First Year Project Review in Brussels 11 February 2016
             
Dal bellissimo schema di Mu (http://centperles.canalblog.com/archives/2012/10/30/25458441.html) e dal suggerimento visto sul sito della bravissima Betty, ho realizzato questo bracciale. 




          Laos’ first cardinal focused on evangelization, dialogue   

Pakse, Laos, Jun 29, 2017 / 03:45 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- When selecting new cardinals, Pope Francis has often sought to go to the “peripheries” of the Church, which is particularly notable in his elevation of Cardinal Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun of Paksé.

Cardinal Ling's local Church is an apostolic vicariate in Laos, a communist country of southeast Asia where Catholics make up only about one percent of the population. He is the first cardinal to hail from the nation.

The newly-minted cardinal’s resume includes a number of issues of keen interest for Francis, including evangelization, pastoral aid for the faithful where the Church is persecuted, a use of dialogue in diplomatic relations, and a concern for the environment.

Born in Laos in 1944, Cardinal Ling attend a seminary of the Voluntas Dei Institute (associated with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate) in Canada, and was ordained a priest of the Vicariate Apostolic of Vientiane in 1972, three years before the communist takeover of the country.

He was appointed vicar apostolic of Paksé in 2000, and consecrated a bishop the following year. He was elevated to the cardinalate June 28.

Cardinal Ling’s ministry in the majority-Buddhist country has been greatly varied as he has responded to the unique challenges facing the Church and the people there. Catholics number just over a mere 45,000 in the country of 7 million, and are served by only 33 priests.

“We are in the minority as Catholics, but we understand each other always; whether you are a cardinal or not, you are the same, you have to be simple and really with the people,” he told CNA.

Given such a small Catholic population, Cardinal Ling, 73, has long placed importance on catechesis and evangelization. Many married missionaries, as well as the country’s seminarians, go into villages to minister to the Catholic flock there. He is also described as placing an emphasis on integrating Christianity into the local culture in order to promote harmony with the religious majority of the country.

The communist takeover in 1975 posed a great challenge for the Church in Laos, which, anticipating persecution, stopped or scaled back many of its public liturgies and catechetical programs. Foreign missionaries were expelled. However, a surprisingly tolerant government has since allowed for the re-growth of the Church. However, the Church still faces challenges from the powers that be.

“The Church is treated very poorly in Laos – probably the worst in ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) save for Brunei,” a “well-place[d] diplomat source” told UCA News in May.

Cardinal Ling is noted for having good relationships with government authorities. Despite challenges, the cardinal holds out hope for the future of his flock. While Laos is one of the few countries lacking full diplomatic relations with the Vatican, progress has been made in the recent past, and the presence of a Laotian in the College of Cardinals will offer a prime opportunity for continued building of these relationships.

Fr. Raphael Tran Xuan Nhan of Vietnam, who has worked in Laos since 2005, described Bishop Ling to UCA News as a “kind, friendly, wise and open-minded man” who is “interested in evangelization work and welcomes all foreign missionaries to his country.” He describes the cardinal's diplomatic approach as “dialogue rather than confrontation.”

The beatification of 17 martyrs from the region, killed by communist forces in the second half of the twentieth century, was yet another sign of warming Church-state relations, as well as providing a sense of renewal for local Catholics.

The new cardinal has also spoken out of concern for the environment, responding to fast-paced deforestation in the region.

“Now we are starting to destroy ourselves,” he said, as reported by UCA News. “It’s not from climate change itself but [it is] coming from human beings and humans doing something very wrong to destroy the earth.”

The elevation of Ling to the College of Cardinals represents a peripheral perspective from a long-time pastor with broad experience in many of the challenges facing the Church today.


Alexey Gotovskiy contributed to this report.


          Καρέ - καρέ η δραματική διάσωση Πολωνού τουρίστα στην Ασσο   

          Introduction To Cambodia   

Welcome To the Kingdom of Cambodia


- Land areas : 181,035 square kilometer`s that border with the countries of Thailand, Lao and Vietnam.
- Capital city : Phnom Penh
- Population : Over 14 million in 2008
- Official language : Khmer
- Second language : English and French
- Religion : Buddhism : 90 percent
- Cambodian currency : Riel
- Measurement : Metric system
- Time : GMT + 7 hours
- Electricity : High voltage 220v/50hz
- Country code : 855
Prepared by Mr. Sowanna Yun, English and Thai speaking guide in Siem Reap - Angkor - Cambodia. E-mail :
sowanna012@yahoo.com

Getting Into Cambodia
CAMBODIAN VISA AND TRANSIT VISA

As long as your passport has not expired, Cambodian visa can be obtained at Arrival in Siem Reap Airport, Phnom Penh Airport and border crossing checkpoint with Thailand, Vietnam and Loas. The price of a Cambodian Visa is US$ 20 can use 30 days in Cambodia.

FLIGHT SERVICES
Direct flight to Siem Reap - Angkor
Cambodia Angkor Air.com is a joint venture between Cambodia and Vietnam Airlines.More Info.


Bus Services
Bus travel is now the most popular means of overland transport between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap. The road (National Route #6) is paved and smooth and there are several regularly scheduled daily buses in both directions, taking only 5 or 6 hours to make the trip.
This Mini Van is not my services
A thousand chicken were transported to market

River Ferry
Daily ferries runs on the Tonle Sap river and lake between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap and Battambang province. The end of the trip is marked by a hill, Phnom Krom, near the ferry dockyard at Chong Khneas 12 km south of Siem Reap. During the dry season when the water is low, the ferry stops short of the dockyard and passengers transfer to smaller boats to traverse the final few hundred meters.

International Overland Border Crossings
One of the border crossings at Poi Pet : Thai - Cambodian border checkpoint.
Cambodia shares overland border crossings with Thailand at Poipet, Koh Kong, O'smach, Pailin, Kam Reang and Unlung Veng checkpoint. Cambodia shares an overland border crossing with Vietnam at Bavet and Moc Bai checkpoint.Cambodia shares an overland border crossing with Lao country at Voeung Kam checkpoint.
*****
Banking and Money
Riels are used as the Cambodian currency. The Riel notes start from 100 and go all the way to 100,000. The notes are as follows:
100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000. The Exchange rate is 1 USD = 4,000Riel. US dollars are a widely used currency in Cambodia , but you will need some Cambodian Riels to make small purchases. 500 and 1000 Riels note are the most common and useful denominations. Hotels and most restaurants set prices in US dollars. Some places accept credit cards
and traveler cheque. Master Card and American Express are coming into wider use. Most businesses charge a 2% to 4% fee to accept credit cards.
Communication
Cambodian country calling country code is 855. International calls run less than $3 per minute. Local calls are 500 Riel/ minute and domestic long distances are $1 per minute. Some of the Internet places offer very inexpensive Internet phone service.
Materials and Clothes
Cambodia is a hot country so you do not need to bring winter clothing with you. Wear light, airy, clothing to protect yourself from the sun. The sun can be intense so bring a hat, and sunglasses. Carry an umbrella or raincoat with you during the wet season, wear practical shoes for climbing narrow steps and walking on uneven surfaces. Photographers should prepare for very bright light outdoor and heavily shadowed indoor photography, bring very low and high ASA films, a lens sun shield and a couple of extra batteries.

Working Hour
Cambodian offices and others start to open their offices at 7:30AM to 11:30AM. Resting at afternoon to start it again at 14:00PM to 17:00PM closed Saturday afternoon and Sunday. Cambodia standard time is seven hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. It is in the same time zone as Vietnam , Laos and Thailand .

Religion
The religion governed the concept and execution of all Khmer art and architecture is enhanced by an understanding of the religious beliefs of the Khmers.
According to belief, when a person died his soul was reincarnated and his spirit became free. The former religious practices, which were adopted in Cambodia at a later date recognized a common belief in rebirth , the idea that one is born again and again in different forms. At the present time, 90% of the
the Cambodian people are of the Buddhist religion. Hinduism for the most part has gone away.

Food Facts
In Cambodia , 90% of the population depends on their own agriculture. Their main source of food is rice, which they grow only once a year. This is only through the rainy season, which starts in May and ends in October. The Cambodian's only grow enough rice to feed 85% of their population with about 2 meals a day. The rice grown is 90% rice paddy and 10% glutinous rice.
Climate
Cambodia has tropical weather, which makes the country very warm and humid. The maximum temperature ranges from 26.5oc to 27.5oc (April is the hottest month) and the minimum temperature ranges from 24oc to 26.5oc (December is the coolest month). These temperatures can vary in mountainous and plateau areas. Because Cambodia 's seasons are affected by monsoons they are not too hot or too cool. In Cambodia , the temperature changes less than 4c, through out the year so it is very suitable for tourists.
Cambodia has two main seasons:
Dry season: From November to April, affected by dry wind, which blows from Siberi (Northeast Monsoon).
Rainy season: From May to October, affected by wind bringing rain, which blows from the sea to the continent (Southwest Monsoon). The two seasons might change a little from year to year and area to area.
If you want to know more information from our country, Please come and pick up our services. You will not be disappointed in visiting Cambodia. More details with Sowanna Yun, an experienced guide over 10 years in history and culture E-mail : sowanna012@yahoo.com
http://www.cambodianguide.com/

          Cambodian History   
Welcome To The Kingdom Of Cambodia

Your Dreams Can Become Reality In Cambodia

The Pre - Angkor Period

The Kingdom Of Funan

People Of Indo - China

At the end of the ice age (c. 12,000BC) the Indo-Chinese region is firstly inhabited by Australoid peoples. The land bridges between Malaya, the Indonesian islands and Australia are submerged. Various population groups migrate through southeast Asia. The Mon-Khmer people gradually settle in the lands which later become the kingdoms of Funan and Chenla and they become the dominant tribes in the area.

Geography Of Indo - China

The Indo-Chinese region today comprises the countries of Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand. It is made up of large fertile plains which lies around two rivers, the Mekong and the Tonle Sap. The land is settled by various tribes who develop the independent kingdoms.
c. 4000BC - AD100 Settlements are formed throughout the Indo-China region. The major cultural influences on the region are from China and India.


The Kingdom Of Funan

The area of present - day Cambodia was already inhabited in the 3rd millennium B.C but it was not documented historically until the beginning of the Christian era, where there rose up a kingdom that Chinese chronicles describe as Funan, from the Khmer word Phnom means Mountain. The foundation of Funan may be ascribed to a certain Kaundinya or Hun Tien who , inspired by a dream, presumably went from the India to Kambuja or Cambodia, where he married Soma or Liu Yeh, a local princess who was one of the Nagas, mythical beings that were part dragon ( Neang Neak ).


The son of Soma and Kaundinya was supposedly the founder of the first Kaundinya dynasty of Funan Empire. In the 5th-century a second Kaundinya arrived from India to revive the Indianized customs that had gone by the wayside, and beginning with King Kaundinya Jayavarman ( c 478 - 514 ) the rulers of Funan became more defined in a historical sense. Vyadhapura, their capital, is considered by some scholars to have stood at the foot of Ba Phnom in Takeo province at present-day. In AD 514 Rudravarman ascended the throne and chose Angkor Borei as his capital, where he probably lived until after AD539. In the most distinguished artistic production in this period is sculpture,which was part of the so-called Phnom Da = Phnom Da Mountain at Takeo province in the present-day. c AD 540 - 600 , named after the sacred rise near Angkor Borei, south of Phnom Penh city at the present day. For the most part the sculpture works, in sandstone, consist of portraits of Vishnu and figures connected to him, since Vishnuism must have been the religion of the sovereigns however. One of the 8 arm Vishnu statues is a good preserved in Phnom Penh museum that took it from Phnom Da temple. Shivaism is documented by numerous Lingas or Lingams, and this period witnessed the first representations of Harihara , half Shiva god and half Vishnu god. However, the architecture and fillets that support the head and arms of the portraits betray the lack of confidence the sculptors had in the stability of their work. The first statues of Buddha make their appearance in this period.

Chenla or Zhenla and The First Khmer Kingdoms

The Khmers, who were probably vasals of Funan or Nokor Phnom, came from the upper course of the Menam River and had reached the Mekong River via the Mun River Valley. Their first independent principality developed in the 5th-century, north of Tonle Sap lake: the Chinese accounts call this kingdom Zhenla and also mention the kings Shrutavarman and Shreshthavarman, whose capital Shreshthapura must have been in southern Laos. A major influence on the future history Cambodia was wrought by the Khmer kingdom of Bhavapura, in the area of present-day Kampong Thom province: its most important sovereign, Ishanavarman I, completed the conquest of Funan in AD 612 - 628 and chose Sambo Prei Kuk as his capital, renaming it Ishanapura in the center of Cambodia at the present-day. After some turmoil, Jayavarman I regained control of the kingdom in 657, but upon his death after the year 700 the kingdom broke up into numerous principalities, among which there emerged that of Shambhupura capital on the the Mekong River whose ruler King Pushkaraksha proclaimed himself king of all Kambuja in 716. According to the Chinese chronicles,in the early 8th century there were two Chenlas, a land Zhenla or upper Chenla and a water Chenla or lower Chenla : the former was united and centered around the ancient territories of Chenla, while the latter consisted of several in the area that once constituted Funan. The son of king Pushkarakasha, Shambhuvarman, and his heir, Rajendravarman I, maintained control over most of lower Chenla up to the end of the 8th center, when the Malayans and Javanese gained dominion over many Khmer prrincipalities. Artistic styles are ascribed to this period, the first of which , the Sambor Prei Kuk ( 600 - 650 ) , was named after the capital of Bhavapura, north of Kampong Thom province and ( 160 km ) southeast of Angkor Wat temple at the present-day. The foundation for future Khmer architecture in Angkor.

The Angkor Period

The Center Of The Khmer Empire or Kambuja Empire

AD802 - 1431
After the many wars, Lower Chenla and Upper Chenla, King Jayavarman II united the Kambuja. The 9th century witnessed the rise of Angkor art and architectures. The history of the capital - Nagara in Sanskrit, from which the Khmer word Nokor, Thai word Nakorn, France and English words Angkor derived - began with the grandiose consecration ritual of King Jayavarman II ( 790 - 850 ) in 802 on the holy Kulen Mountain to celebrate the independence of Kambuja or Cambodia from Javanese army occupation. That year marked the inauguration of the cult of Devaraja, the `God King` who was the terrestrial ruler with universal power.

WORK IN PROGRESS OF ANGKOR PERIOD

Prepared by
Sowanna Yun , English and Thai Speaking Guide in Cambodia
sowanna012@yahoo.com

A Short History Of The Khmer Ruling Kings In Angkor Empire

Ruler Dates The Reign

1. Jayavarman II c790 - 850 The founder of the Khmer Empire at mount Mahendra in the Kulen Mount. Later moved the capital to Hariharalaya.

2. Jayavarman III c 850 - 877 Built the laterite pyramid of Prei Monti and Trapeang Phong temple.

3. Indravarman I c 877 - 889 Succeeded probably by force. Built Bakong temple in sanstone, Preah Ko temple and Intratataka Baray = reservoir.

4. Yasovarman I c 889 - 915 Son of Indravarman I moved the capital city from Hariharalaya to Angkor ( Yasodharapura ). Built Lolei temple at Hariharalaya, then at Angkor built Phnom Bakheng temple, Prasat Bei temple, Thma Bay Kaek, Phnom Krom, Phnom Bok temples and East Baray = East reservoir.

5. Harshavarman I c 915 - 923 Succeeded to the throne very young: little known. Built Baksei Chamkrong temple and Kravan temple.

6. Isanavarman II c 923 - 928 Very little known about this short reign. No building known.

7. Jayavarman IV c 928 - 941 Revolted against his nephew Harshavarman II in 921: moved the capital to Koh Ker and built a hundred temples there.

8. Harshavarman II c 941 - 944 Successor at Koh Ker

9. Rajendravarman II c 944 - 968 Moved the city back to Angkor. Successful war against the Chams. Built East Mebon temple, Pre Rup temple, Bat Chum temple, Kutisvara temple and the beginning of Banteay Srei temple and added to others.

10. Jayavarman V c 968 - 1001 Succeeded to the throne as child, a peaceful reign. Built Takeo temple and continue to build Banteay Srei temple with his counsellors and added to others.

11. Udayadityavarman I c 1001 - 1002 A period of troubles and revolt.

12. Jayaviravarman c 1002 - 1010 Competes with Suryavarman I for the throne during a 9 - year struggle, but defeated. Built North Khleang temple and added to others.

13. Suryavarman I c 1002 - 1050 Tooke the throne by force, becoming undisputed ruler by 1010. Expanded the empire to the north and west. Built South Khleang, Phimeanakas temples, Royal palace in the Angkor Thom city, West Baray, Preah Vihear and Phnom Chiso temples and added to others.

14. Udayadityavarman II c 1050 - 1066 More revolts, Expanded the empire further west. Continued to build the West Baray from his father, built the Baphuon and west Mebon temples and added to others.

15. Harshavarman III c 1066 - 1080 Devastation from the previous reign`s troubles and a new war with Chams prevented new buildings.

16. Jayavarman VI c 1081 - 1107 First King from the Mahidharapura dynasty, his authority probably recognised only in the north.

17. Dharanindravarman I c 1107 - 1112 Younger brother of Jayavarman VI . Killed by Suryavarman II who disputed the throne.

18. Suryavarman II c 1113 - 1150 Ambitious, war-like and a great builder. Expanded the empire , fought the Dai Viet, Chams, Mons, and built Angkor Wat temple, Banteay Samre temple, Beng Mealea temple, Thommanon and Chau Say Tevoda temple and added to others in Thailand.

19. Yasovarman II c 1150 - 1165 Chosen to succeeded because the heir was fighting in Champa. Killed by a usurper. No new building but continued work at Chau Say Tevoda, Banteay Samre and Beng Mealea temples. Added tower to Bakong temple.

20. Tribhuvanadityavarman c 1165 - 1177 Usurper, killed during the 1177, Chams invasion and burned the Yasodharapura - Angkor.

21. Jayavarman VII c 1180 - 1220 Legitimate heir of Dharanindravarman II. Expelled the Cham army. The last great Khmer king, a fervent Buddhist and builder on the largest scale. Preah Khan Kampong Svay temple, Tonle Bati temple, Taprohm temple, Preah Khan temple, Neak Pean temple, Ta Som temple, Ta Nei temple, Prasat Chrung temples, Angkor Thom city, Elephant & Leper King Terraces, Krol Ko temple, Banteay Kdei temple, Banteay Thom temple, Banteay Prei temple, Preah Pithu group temple, Preah Palilay temple, Jayatataka Baray and added to others in Thailand nowadays.

22. Indravarman II c 1220 - 1243 Begginnings of the decline of the empire. Champa abandoned, Sukhothai independent. Built Prasat Suor Prat, 12 temples. Thai had started to create the kingdom.

23. Jayavarman VIII c 1243 - 1296 Empire continued to dimish; Lopburi having to submit to Kublai Khan. Shivaite resurgence. Built Mangalartha or Prasat Top temples along the way of victory gate of Angkor Thom and probably restored Preah Palilay temple. Mangalartha is probably the last temple in Angkor Empire.

More information , Please come and pick up our services. You will not be disappointed in visiting Cambodia. More details with Sowanna Yun, an experienced guide over 10 years in history and culture E-mail :
sowanna012@yahoo.com

24. Srindravarman c 1296 - 1307 The reign and daily life described by Zhou Daguan, the visiting Chinese diplomat. Stopped to build the sandstone building, probably wooden building for holy places.

25. Srindrajayavarman c 1307 - 1327 Little known about the reign, I will try to find more documents to explain you.

26. Jayavarmandiparamesvara or Jayavarman Paramesvara c 1327 ? The last king mentioned in inscriptions.

- In 1328 onward , no inscriptions to tell us as well.

27. Paramathakemaraja c 1330 - 1353

28. Hou-eul Na c 1353 - 1371 ? ; Wooden building for holy places.
- No inscriptions tell us as well in 1371/2 - 1403

29. Samtac Chao Phaya & Phing Ya c 1404 - 1405

30. Nippean Bat c 1405 - 1409

31. Lampong or Lampang Paramaja c 1409 - 1416

32. Sorijovong or Lambang c 1416 - 1425

33. Barom Racha c 1425 - 1429

34. Thommo Soccorach or Dharmasoka c 1429 - 1431

The Last King Of Angkor Empire ; Ponha Yat or Gam Yat in c 1432, he decided to move his court to Tuol Basan, in the province of Kampong Cham at the present day, on the eastern side of the Mekong river just above the forks. After remaining there only a year, he moved his capital again in c 1434, this time to Krong Chatomuka ( four faces ) at the junction of the Tonle Mekong river.
Phnom Penh city by King Ponha Yat in c 1433/4

I will post more information from 802 until 2009 when I am free.
If you have any information that you feel should be included or not. I would like to hear from you with any suggestions or recommendations. ( Mr. Sowanna Yun :
sowanna012@yahoo.com ).

Mysteries, Legends And Anecdotes
THE LOST CITY OF ANGKOR

For hundreds of years, the lost city of Angkor was itself a legend. Cambodian peasants living on the edge of the thick jungle around the Tonle Sap lake reported findings which puzzled the French colonialists who arrived in Indo-China in the 1860s. The peasants said they had found "temples built by gods or by giants." Their stories were casually dismissed as folktales by the pragmatic Europeans. Yet some did believe that there really was a lost city of a Cambodian empire which had once been powerful and wealthy, but had crumbled many years before.Henri Mahout's discovery of the Angkor temples in 1860 opened up this `lost city' to the world.

The legend became fact and a stream of explorers, historians and archaeologists came to Angkor to explain the meaning of these vast buildings. The earliest of these scholars could not believe that Angkor had been built by the Cambodian people, believing the temples to have been built by another race who had conquered and occupied Cambodia maybe 2,000 years before. Gradually, some of the mysteries were explained, the Sanskrit inscriptions deciphered and the history of Angkor slowly pieced together, mainly by French scholars in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Legends still remain. This once great city which had slept for so long still posed many questions.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FRENCH PROTECTORATE
The beginning of French involvement in Cambodia is to be found in the eighteenth century under Cambodian King DUANG'S reign in 1840-1859. King Duang sought the French support in an attempt to protect Cambodia and to establish trading. The King saw French Expansion into Vietnam as an opportunity for the king to regain territory that Cambodia had lost to the Vietnam is 21 provinces in the south of Vietnam today, KAMPUCHEA KROM or Lower Cambodia . The French interest in Cambodia deepened with its involvement began to rule and colonial on Cambodia in 1863-1953. And transferred or ceded or cut Cambodian territory ( Kampuchea Krom or Khmer Krom = Lower Cambodia or Lower Khmer to Vietman on June 4, 1949 ) When they withdraw their troop from Asia without discussing with Cambodian King. This below is Lower Cambodian Map. More Info.:
http://ki-media.blogspot.com/2009/08/destiny-of-indigenous-khmer-krom-people.html
http://www.khmerkrom.org/
Under Update



          Humillados ante la mano poderosa de Dios.   


¨1 Pedro 5:6. Humillaos, pues, bajo la poderosa mano de Dios, para que él os exalte cuando fuere tiempo; ¨

La paz del señor sea con ustedes.

El señor quiere decirnos en este momento que, apliquemos la enseñanza bíblica, nos apeguemos a sus mandatos, que nos humillemos ante la potente mano de Dios, creamos que en el tiempo oportuno, en la hora de Dios, el va a exaltarnos, Tal vez ahora nos encontremos viviendo momentos de aflicción, de angustia, sin hayar salida, sin encontrar una tabla de salvación, pero nuestro socorro viene de Dios, no viene del hombre, pues en el momento de aflicción los compañeros escasean, huellen, pero Jesús esta bien presente en la hora de adversidad, sabiendo esto debemos buscar de Jesús y no correr tras la gente, porque nuestro señor nos trae paz y fortaleza, opera en nuestro favor para que la victoria sea el resultado final de nuestras acciones y todo nos conduzca a la bendición. Vamos a esperar el tiempo de Dios, estando humillados ante su mano poderosa, porque en el tiempo oportuno el nos exaltara, pues todo está bajo su control y actuando Dios en nuestro favor, nada nos vencerá, siempre que estemos humillados ante su mano. Debido a que después que seamos probados y aprobados, solo nos queda esperar que se derrame en nuestras vidas la lluvia de bendiciones.  


Dios les favorezca y continúen teniendo un buen día.


          logo text im template ändern   
hallo, ich habe mir das template shipping line installiert und will den logo text "Shipping Line" ändern. Wer kann mir weiterhelfen? Hier der Link zu dem template: http://www.joomlaos.de/index.php?set_albumName=album14&option=com_gallery&Itemid=37&include=view_album.php&page=36 vielen dank, ...
          Salón de Asia: Cuentos tradicionales de Filipinas Laos y Malasia   

CUENTO TRADICIONAL DE FILIPINAS

filipinos niños

HISTORIAS DEL PLATANERO

La avaricia no es nada buena. Y si no, que se lo pregunten a la mona protagonista de este cuento. Quiso quedarse con la parte del platanero más grande pero menos útil y, después, lo pagó con la buena tortuga. Aunque, al final, no se salió con la suya.
Erase una vez un tranquilo río en Filipinas. En uno de sus márgenes, una bonita tortuga estaba descansando. Contemplando el paisaje, observó que la corriente arrastraba un platanero, el árbol cuyo fruto son los plátanos.

Ni corta ni perezosa, la linda tortuguita se lanzó al agua y nadó hasta alcanzar el árbol. Después, lo arrastró hasta la orilla.

Una vez fuera del agua, la tortuga se dio cuenta de que sus fuerzas eran limitadas y que debía pedir ayuda si quería llevarse el platanero a casa. La encontró en la mona, aunque con condiciones.

-Sólo te ayudaré si me das la mitad del árbol- dijo el simio.

La tortuga aceptó de buen grado la proposición y le dio a elegir. La mona se quedó con la parte superior, la de las hojas, porque era más grande y, aparentemente, mejor. Pero la tortuga fue más lista: prefirió la de abajo, que era la que tenía las raíces.

Al poco tiempo, la mona vio cómo cada vez su parte estaba más seca. La tortuga, por su parte, plantó la suya y pronto se llenó de hojas, flores y plátanos.

La mona se moría de envidia. Y tan sólo tuvo que esperar a que la tortuga le volviera a pedir ayuda para vengarse. La tortuga no podía trepar para coger los plátanos, así que tuvo que recurrir a la mona. Pero, ésta, en vez de cogerle los plátanos, se los iba comiendo y tirando encima a la tortuga. La tortuga, asustada, corrió a esconderse. Tenía miedo y le dijo a la mona que hiciera con ella lo que quisiera.
- Hazme lo que quieras, pégame si quieres, pero no me tires al agua- señaló la pobre reptil.

La mona, poco lista, cayó en la trampa y lanzó al agua a la tortuga. Pensaba que sería un castigo para ella, pero no. Las tortugas, en el agua, no tienen competencia. Así, que la buena de la tortuguita pudo escapar de las garras de la malísima mona.

CUENTO TRADICIONAL  DE LAOS


laos 22 laos

LA LEYENDA DE LOS OCHO SOLES

LEYENDA OCHO SOLES

      En Laos, un país asiático, existe un cuento que dice que    hace muchos años había 8 soles que iluminaban la tierra. ¿Quieres saber qué ocurrió para que sólo tengamos uno ahora?


Hace mucho tiempo, la tierra estaba iluminada por ocho soles. La radiante luz deslumbraba a los hombres y el inmenso calor secaba la tierra.

Un día los hombres decidieron que ocho soles eran demasiados para iluminar la tierra y que con uno sólo bastaría.

- ¡Vamos a cazar siete, les vamos a dar miedo y se apagarán! - pactaron los hombres

Fueron a buscar a un buen arquero, el que mejor puntería tenía. Al disparar sus flechas los soles se asustarían y se apagarían. Al disparar la primera flecha, un sol se apagó. Disparó una segunda y otro desapareció. Y así fue hasta llegar a la séptima flecha, que hizo que se apagara el séptimo sol pero también el octavo y último.

Entonces la oscuridad reinó en la tierra, la tierra era sombría y fría y los hombres desgraciados. Necesitaban la luz del sol para vivir.

- Tenemos que hacer volver al último sol - se lamentaban las mujeres

- Tiene miedo de nosotros - respondían los hombres
- En ese caso- contestaron las mujeres- Pediremos a los animales que nos ayuden a hacer volver al sol.

Hicieron venir a una vaca, que mugió y mugió pero el sol no vino. Llamaron entonces a un tigre, que estuvo rugiendo mucho rato. Los hombres y las mujeres temblaban de miedo y seguramente el sol también tuvo miedo porque no apareció.

Hicieron venir a un búho, que ululó toda la noche, pero el sol tampoco apareció. Sí que lo hizo en cambio una luna blanca que iluminó la tierra.

Entonces los hombres y las mujeres llamaron al gallo. Se puso a cantar tan fuerte que su cresta se enrojeció. Pero siguió cantando y cantando con toda su garganta.

Entonces, tímidamente, una luz amarilla y cálida apareció sobre la tierra. Era un sol que despuntaba sobre la línea del horizonte. Poco a poco, mientras el gallo seguía cantando, el sol se iba alzando en el cielo e iluminaba las caras de todos aquellos que lo esperaban.

Y desde ese momento cada mañana el gallo llama al sol para que ilumine la tierra.

CUENTO TRADICIONAL  DE MALASIA


¿Por qué los gallos sólo cantan de día?  

LOS GALLOS CANTAN DE DIA

         ¿Os habéis fijado que los gallos se despiertan justo cuando el sol empieza a despuntar, y se van a dormir justo cuando la luna saca la nariz? ¿Queréis saber por qué pasa esto?

     Hace muchos, muchos años, vivían en el cielo tres hermanos: el Sol, la Luna y Quiquiriquí.

Un día, el Sol se fue a trabajar y la Luna y Quiquiriquí se quedaron solos. Al llegar la noche, la Luna ordenó a Quiquiriquí que hiciese volver el ganado a los establos, pero Quiquiriquí, que estaba cansado de trabajar todo el día, le dijo que no. Enfurecida, la Luna agarró a su hermano por la cresta y lo arrojó a la Tierra, expulsándolo para siempre del reino celestial.

Cuando el Sol llegó de trabajar y no vio a su hermano Quiquiriquí, le preguntó a la Luna qué había pasado. Cuando le explicó la verdad, el Sol se enfadó muchísimo y le dijo:

- Hermana Luna, como no puedes vivir en paz con nadie, a partir de ahora vivirás sola. Yo trabajaré de día y tú de noche, de manera que no nos veremos nunca más. Pero nuestro hermano Quiquiriquí no se olvidará de mí, y cuando yo salga por el día me cantará alegremente, mientras que cuando llegue la noche, se esconderá para no ver a la hermana que ya no le quiere.

Y a partir de entonces siempre ha sido así. Al salir el Sol, el gallo sale y canta: "¡Quiquiriquí, quiquiriquí!", que en el lenguaje de los gallos significa: "¡Yo también estoy aquí! ¡Yo también estoy aquí!". En cambio, cuando la Luna empieza a asomar, se esconde y se va a dormir, porque sigue enfadado con la hermana que lo expulsó del Cielo.

Enlace: Cuentos Filipinos


          Censored: Greetings from Greece   
Note: This is the link to PAME, the All Workers’ Militant Front, as mentioned below.:

http://www.pamehellas.gr/main.php?lang=2



Communist Party of Greece - [13.05.2010] Message to the National Committee of CP, USA
Communist Party USA,
National Committee,
New York
Athens, Thursday, 13 May 2010

Dear comrades

We would like to thank you for the information regarding your 29th party convention and to extend our greetings to the delegates. Our parties have met in the past in common struggles for workers’ rights, in the struggle against anti-communism, for the defense of socialism and the Soviet Union, for the unity of the communist movement on the basis of our revolutionary principles and traditions.

We are following as closely as we can the developments in the USA, the escalation of the aggression of US imperialism which lately has become quite obvious. The US is striving to respond to the trend of losing ground within the framework of the imperialist system by inciting regional tensions and conflicts, so that it can take advantage of its political and military supremacy in order to safeguard its interests and maintain its spheres of influence.

In Greece, the working class and the popular strata are facing a barbaric attack, on the pretext of the economic crisis; an attack which has been jointly unleashed by the social democratic PASOK government, the EU and the IMF, with the assistance of the conservative ND party and the open support of the nationalist LAOS party.

The remarkable resistance presented by the labor and popular movement is spearheaded by KKE which continually strives to reveal the real cause of the crisis, the sharpening of the basic contradictions of capitalism. Without the consistent exposure of the compromised and discredited in the eyes of the workers trade union leaderships of GSEE and ADEDY (the national confederations of the private and public sector respectively), without the decisive contribution of PAME (All Workers’ Militant Front), the national trade union front comprised of class oriented Federations, trade unions, labor centers and trade unionists, the labor movement in our country would have been disarmed, unprepared, and unable to fight back.

KKE calls upon the working class, the self-employed, the poor farmers, and the youth to engage in even stronger, more massive and organized actions in order to stave off the onslaught and pave the way for a different path of development. There can be no way other than the nationalization of the monopolies. The working class must take possession of the concentrated means of production and mobilize them with central planning and popular participation. This presupposes a struggle aiming for people’s power, for socialism-communism.

The fightback against anti-communism, the adamant defense of the historical contribution of the Soviet Union and socialist construction in the 20th century, of the identity and revolutionary traditions of the communist movement, take on particular importance today.

As long as the crisis of the international communist movement persists, as long as the situation does not improve and retreats from ideological and theoretical principles are not resolutely confronted, as long as the front against opportunist views that hinder the formation of a single revolutionary strategy against imperialism does not become strengthened, the situation will harbor the danger of an even greater backslide.

The existence of strong Communist Parties steadfast to the principles of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism, with a revolutionary program for the overthrow of the rule of monopolies, for building socialism - communism, is the foremost demand of our times.

We look forward to learning the conclusions and the resolutions of your convention.

With comradely greetings

The Central Committee of KKE

e-mail: cpg@int.kke.gr
          ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ - ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΗΠΕΙΡΟΣ   
ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ - ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΗΠΕΙΡΟΣ

Άγιος Νικόλαος Λασιθίου...

Ο Άγιος Νικόλαος ( Άγιος όπως συνηθίζεται να αποκαλείται απο τους περισσότερους Κρητικούς), είναι η πρωτεύουσα τουΝομού Λασιθίου και βρίσκεται στη βόρεια ακτογραμμή της Κρήτης, στη Δυτική πλευρά του κόλπου του Μεραμβέλλου. Η ονομασία του προήλθε από το βυζαντινό εκκλησάκι που βρίσκεται στον όρμο Αγίου Νικολάου. Παλαιότερη γνωστή ονομασία,Μαντράκι, καθώς υπήρχαν πολλές μάντρες με κατσίκια που ξεχειμώνιαζαν. Άλλη γνωστή ονομασία κι αυτή που ακόμα χρησιμοποιούν οι κάτοικοι των γύρω χωριών, Γιαλός.
Από το έτος 2000, λόγω του σχεδίου Καποδίστρια, στο Δήμο Αγίου Νικολάου συγχωνεύθηκαν οι κοινότητες Κριτσάς,ΕλούνταςΛιμνώνΚαλού ΧωριούΒρουχάΣκινιάΛούμαΖενίωνΈξω ΠοτάμωνΚρούσταΈξω ΛακωνίωνΜέσα Λακωνίωνκαι Πρίνας. Από το έτος 2011 κι έπειτα από το νόμο Καλλικράτη , στο δήμο Αγίου Νικολάου συγχωνεύθηκαν ο δήμος Νεαπόλεως και η κοινότητα Βραχασίου.
Η οικονομία της περιοχής βασίζεται στον τουρισμό, στην καλλιέργεια ελιάς και στη μη σταυλισμένη κτηνοτροφία. Οι μόνιμοι κάτοικοι σύμφωνα με την απογραφή του 2001 ήταν 19.593


Αποτέλεσμα εικόνας για Αγιοσ νικολαος  λασιθι
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          vakantiehuisje in Istron, Griekenland : Anemone Apartment voor 3 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Anemone ApartmentVanaf de stad Agios Nikolaos, na een schilderachtige rit van 11 km naar het oosten, naar Ierapetra - Sitia na het dorp Kalo Horio met het kristalheldere water strand van Istron, bereikt u "Anemone complex, gelegen op een helling boven de doorgaande weg , rustig, vredig en met een adembenemend panoramisch uitzicht over de baai van Mirabello en de stad Agios Nikolaos. Geniet van het prachtige landschap, omgeven door ruige heuvels en bergen vol wilde bloemen, cederhout, kruiden, ideaal om te wandelen of hiking. De 14 in totaal Maisonettes en appartementen van het "Anemone" complex zijn volledig ingericht. De Sea View appartementen hebben een ruime woonkamer, kookgelegenheid, aparte slaapkamer, badkamer met douche en toilet en een ruim terras, geschikt voor 3 - 4 personen. Het dichtstbijzijnde zandstrand ligt op slechts 300 meter, een van de mooiste stranden van Kreta met alle watersportfaciliteiten. Verder nog, diverse kleinere afgelegen stranden, allemaal op loopafstand van "Anemone" complex. Busstation op 200m met een frequente busverbinding naar Agios Nikolaos, Ierapetra en Sitia. Het dichtstbijzijnde dorp van Kalo Horio op 1km, met restaurants, tavernes, bars en boodschappen.
          Laos for taxon Eutrichodesmus multilobatus Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & VandenSpiegel, 2009   
Distribution "Laos" for taxon Eutrichodesmus multilobatus Golovatch, Geoffroy, Mauriès & VandenSpiegel, 2009 has been added by Anh D. Nguyen via the webinterface on 2017-06-30T19:03:23+00:00
          Carta al Cardenal: Tu nuevo poder   


Estimado…
…no sé cómo dirigirme a vos ahora. Hasta ahora siempre te he dicho Goyo, pero ahora que el Papa Francisco te nombró Cardenal, no sé si es falta de respeto vosearte o si incluso tengo que decirte Su Excelencia o Su Eminencia. Como todos en El Salvador, no tengo experiencia de lidiar con cardenales.

Sigo con mi costumbre personal: en caso de duda, es vos – siempre cuando la persona me caiga bien. Sean ex presidentes, premio Nobel o –esto sí es nuevo- cardenales…

Entonces, aclarado esto, te felicito, Goyo. Me imagino que para un sacerdote católico, es un honor muy especial. Como siempre en la vida, el honor viene con grandes responsabilidades. Y con poder. No sé cuáles son los poderes que un cardenal tiene dentro de la jerarquía de la Iglesia. Pero el hecho que seas el primer cardenal salvadoreño; el otro hecho que todos -católicos, cristianos no católicos, incluso ateos; pobres y poderosos, de izquierda y de derecha- celebran el privilegio de tener un conciudadano cardenal te da un poder moral que desde la muerte de monseñor Romero y de Ignacio Ellacuría nadie ha tenido en nuestro país.

Y esta falta de autoridad ética constituye un vacío que dificulta al país resolver sus problemas. Aquí necesitamos quienes pueden confrontar a los gobernantes y poderosos, pero también a la ciudadanía, con autoridad desinteresada para obligarlos a reflexionar y dialogar y dejarse de pajas y mentiras.

Como soy celoso defensor del estado laico, no estoy pidiendo que como jerarca eclesial te metás en la política y legislación cotidianas. Más bien, siempre he criticado esta tendencia de los obispos. Te pido que ahora que estás arropado con el respeto y la admiración de toda una nación, usés este poder sabiamente para romper con tabúes, bloqueos de debate y ligerezas éticas que no nos permitan avanzar.

Hace dos meses te transmití una petición de los líderes pandilleros: Pedían que vos ofrezcas al presidente de la República tu servicio de interlocutor honesto e independiente para que en el marco del Diálogo Nacional promovido por Naciones Unidas ellos, aunque estén fuera de la ley, sean escuchados y también confrontados con las exigencias de las sociedad.

Esta interlocución, que no hubiera sido más que un sondeo sin compromisos ni negociación, nunca se dio. Sé que no fue por falta de voluntad tuya. Simplemente el presidente no te escuchó. Bueno, necesitamos que como cardenal seas alguien que nadie -ni presidentes, ni pandilleros- pueda darse el lujo de no escuchar. Este nuevo poder te está otorgando no el Papa, sino más bien el pueblo salvadoreño que celebra tu elevación a cardenal. Espero que lo sepás usar siempre y cuando el país lo demande.

Muchos, sobre todo este gobierno tan ansioso de vestirse de legitimidad, va a tratar de aprovecharse de vos, así como lo están haciendo con el legado de monseñor Romero. Estoy seguro que la responsabilidad que viene con tu nuevo cargo te hará inmune a estos pretensiones indecentes.

Me despido con un abrazo,
(MAS! y El Diario de Hoy)

 

          Les compadorables au Laos   
Nous avons besoin de vous ! Aidez nous à financier notre projet d'aide à de jeunes mal-voyants laotiens !
          Les compadorables au Laos   
Nous avons besoin de vous ! Aidez nous à financier notre projet d'aide à de jeunes mal-voyants laotiens !
          Comment on fueling the ship by Erik Williams   
I'd vote for parts of Asia you've yet to explore. Philippines? Laos? No jet lag there, but new.
           Foreign Minister of Armenia received Deputy Foreign Minister of Greece    
On June 26, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia Edward Nalbandian received Deputy Foreign Minister of Greece Terens - Nikolaos Quick. Greeting the guest, Minister Nalbandian noted, that the centuries-old brotherly relations between Armenia and Greece are based on a historically established strong friendship between our two peoples. The Armenian Foreign Minister ...
          Hello, Maggot: Questions for My Father About the Vietnam War   
It was like M*A*S*H*, but with more of the horrors of war. by Rich Smith

When Dad and I saw Steven Spielberg's Saving Private Ryan, I asked him what he thought of it. He'd been a helicopter medic stationed in Nakhon Phanom, Thailand, during the American war in Vietnam, and so I wondered how closely the film aligned with the experience of combat. I remember him saying he liked the film for the most part, but also him complaining that writers of war movies always get the same thing wrong.

"When I was pumping morphine into soldiers who had been shot or dismembered," he said in his deep, clear voice, the kind baseball announcers use during uneventful plays, "they never asked me to pass on information to their girlfriend. Mostly they screamed. And if they could say anything, they would say: 'I'm dying. I'm dying. Oh my God, am I going to die?' Burn victims were the absolute worst."

Growing up, Dad answered my questions with a similar level of candor and detail. No subject was too personal, too violent, too complex. Had he ever stabbed anybody? Had anyone ever stabbed him? Why did Bob Dylan sing like that? What's a Republican? Did he believe in God? Why not? And what did he do during Vietnam?

I'd ask him these questions as we drove the long hour from my mom's place in Belton, Missouri, to his place in Lawrence, Kansas. While I waited for his answers, I sat in the passenger seat and looked out the window at the acres of cut grass fields bordering that unremarkable stretch of K-10. He'd frown as he searched his mind for the right story, smile or wince once he found it, and reply with a perfect beginning-middle-end vignette.

Mom and Dad split when I was 2, and their custody agreement meant I only saw him for the weekend every other week. So the Q&A sessions served as a kind of road-trip game I would play in order to get to know him and the world as he knew it.

In an attempt to re-create those formative conversations in the car, for the last two years I've been conducting a long-form interview with him over e-mail. We've limited the conversation to the time shortly before, during, and after the 365 days he spent in Nakhon Phanom, because we both know God is dead, Republicans are bad, and Dylan rules.

At the beginning of his tour, he was a 22-year-old, conservative, evangelical atheist from Joplin, Missouri, who'd recently dropped out of the University of Missouri, where he says he majored in playing bridge.

Why did you drop out of school?

I'd become restless. I just didn't want to do it anymore. So one mildly intoxicated evening at the Italian Village bar, I talked my friends Prince and Tim into a grand adventure. Having read too much Kerouac at a young age, we all decided to head off to find America in an old blue milk truck.

Where did you go?

There was still snow on the ground—it was colder back then—so we went south. First stop was Joplin, Missouri. I explained to my puzzled father what we were doing and then we headed west on, of course, Route 66. The remarkable thing about the trip was how unremarkable it was.

I called my dad when we got to Salt Lake City and was surprised to learn that I'd been drafted. You'd think that I would have expected that, but I didn't. Apparently, the admins at MU had figured out that I wasn't attending classes, advised the appropriate authorities, and my academic deferment had been rescinded.

My immediate future as Vietnam cannon fodder was clear. I talked to an Air Force rep, and he—desperate to meet his recruiting goals as the war ramped up—agreed to backdate my enlistment prior to the date of my draft notice. I had to agree to a four-year commitment versus two years for the army, but he assured me that I'd have my choice of job assignments, so it seemed like a good deal.

So you decided to be become a helicopter medic?

Well, no. In addition to the incessant physical and psychological abuse we endured during basic training, we also attended classes on subjects that I no longer remember. The airman with the highest cumulative score on the tests given at the end of the classes had their choice of job assignments. You'll be proud to learn that your father, competing against those unable to avoid service during the dumbest war in American history, scored at the top of his class.

In the late 1960s, computers were just making the scene, and two jobs in that field—computer programming and data entry—were on the jobs list. As first in my class, I selected computer programming. Some hungover asshole in admin took my personnel card and tossed it into the medic bin. Given the news, I went into my barracks, laid on my bunk, and cried.

You didn't protest your assignment? As first in your class, wouldn't you have had the documentation to go up to someone in admin and tell them they'd messed up?

Ha! I have no words to express how unrealistic the idea of protesting my assignment would have been. The thought never crossed my mind. Any hint of disobedience, and I would have simply and immediately been "sent back." The joy of basic training starts over again at day one: "Hello, maggot."

What was your first day at war like?

A ramp extended from the rear of a C-130 airplane, and 10 or 11 of us walked out into the rain. We were wearing gray flight suits and black combat boots. We carried everything we owned in a large green duffle bag. We ran toward a double-wide trailer, past a small hand-painted sign that said, "Welcome to Hard Times." Dripping water and laughing, we scrambled into the trailer. We were directed to shut up, put our bags on the bench, form a line, and stand at ease. The thing I first noticed was the overwhelming smell of shit.

Why did it smell like shit?

All the military base laundry was done in the Mekong River by the locals. Each item was washed thoroughly, dried, and then neatly pressed before being returned. Unfortunately, Nakhon Phanom, a city of about 40,000, was upstream from the laundry facility. Naturally, many of the residents used the river for bathing and sanitation. All of the clothing, sheets, and so forth were soaked in the muddy Mekong. After a few days, you didn't notice the smell anymore.

Did you ever develop close friendships with any of the local Thai people?

Dang was a military guard at the base and was married to a woman who worked as an assistant in the dental clinic. From time to time, they invited me to their home for some authentic (and hot!) Thai cooking and to meet family, friends, and neighbors. Her mom lived with them. She was a fat, jolly woman with half of her teeth missing and a mouth blackened from chewing betel nut. (If you chewed betel nut, you'd be jolly, too.)

This group of Thais seemed to like Americans in general and the money they brought to the economy. Others resented our presence, pointing to the sharp increase in prostitution and drug and alcohol use in the community. Some didn't want us there for political reasons.

Dang and I would go to the Princess Bar, a local watering hole with a mix of Americans and locals. The bar had a pier that extended out into the Mekong River. At night, you could sit on the pier, have a Tsingtao, smoke a doobie, and watch planes bomb Pathet Lao positions in the mountains of Laos. It was quite the spectacular fireworks display if you didn't think about what was happening on the ground.

Did you ever see firsthand what was happening on the ground when the planes were bombing?

No, I was never under intense fire when I was on the ground. Once, during a medevac to Saigon, the base where I was staying the night came under mortar attack and we had to go to the bunkers. That scared me. In other situations when I was under fire—missions like air rescue, candlestick, litterbug—I was busy and didn't have much time to think about the risk. But just sitting there listening to the shells whistle in was hard.

In those moments, did you feel defenseless? Did you think at all?

I felt totally defenseless... and I pretty much was. The "bunkers" were basically big wooden boxes (above ground) with sandbags piled on top. They might protect you from shrapnel if the hit wasn't too close, but if a shell hit the box, your buddies and you were toast. As I recall, my thoughts were focused like a laser on the sound of the incoming shells, thinking: "Hit somewhere else, anywhere else, kill the other guy, not me." Not my finest hour.

What image overwhelmed you when you thought about your time in Thailand?

I remember dust. Once you left the Nakhon Phanom area, all you could see was jungle and dust. You'd think there wouldn't be much dust in a jungle, but it was incredibly thick and formed a haze 100 feet up. The pilots had beacons that would guide us to them.

Dust?

Dust, ocher and omnipresent. It rained, the sun came out, and the dust floated into the air. They told us about scorpions—every morning we shook out our boots before inserting our feet—but nobody said shit about the dust. Guys showed up on sick call with ugly balls because of the goddam dust. We breathed it, spit it out, ate it, and slept in it. We didn't clean it. Granted, a lady came in and swept out the barracks occasionally, but they didn't pay her very much.

I remember looking through boxes when I was a kid and finding a lot of photos and medals. You have a couple purple hearts, right?

Yes, two. The second one was legit, but it's just a memory of a story. I don't remember anything from the base ops briefing before the flight until I woke up in a hospital bed in Clark Air Base in the Philippines. No doubt I was conscious during the medevac, but the memories didn't stick.

Our helicopter, the 43b "Pedro," carried a four-man crew: pilot, copilot, medic, and flight engineer. I never really knew what the flight engineer did, but I'm glad he was along on this trip.

A US pilot had parachuted into an open field. He was deceased. There was no indication of hostile activity and, standard operating procedure, we hovered about 100 feet over the body to make the recovery. I got hurt because I wasn't strapped in—I was getting the "horse collar" ready for descent. A couple of hostiles were hidden under the parachute and opened fire on the chopper. Apparently, the engine was hit. We lost power and auto-rotated to the ground.

There are two rotors on a Pedro—the better to blow fire away from a damaged aircraft. The rotors are beveled so that you can lose power at 300 feet and the force of air rushing through the rotors as you fall will create enough lift for the chopper to land safely. We weren't at 300 feet, so we landed hard. I had a fractured skull and greenstick fracture of my left tibia. The A-1s came in and drove away the hostiles, and we were picked up by another chopper. The flight engineer carried me on his back, under fire, to safety and got a bit of metal for his trouble. I don't even remember his name.

What about your first purple heart? That one wasn't legit?

I'm sure I've told you this story, but once we were flying out to a village to provide medical services (we did a lot of that) and got lost. The pilots were hovering about 25 feet over the canopy trying to figure out where we were when we heard a loud "ping" from the bottom of the chopper. Captain says: "Smith, take a look out the door and see what that is." Like a guppy, I did it. There was a kid in the treetop using a slingshot (bolo) to fling rocks at the chopper. Just as I stuck my head out, he let go of one and hit me right in the eye. Broke my glasses (they were made of glass!) and cut my eyelid. I still have the scar.

Hah! You got a purple heart for that?

Yes, I got a purple heart for that. Of course, it was all a big joke. After the paperwork was (unexpectedly) approved, we had a couple of beers and a couple of laughs, and didn't think much more about it. These days, they take those bits of metal a lot more seriously than we did then.

You said that one time in the bunker wasn't your finest hour. Did you have a finest hour?

I didn't have a "finest hour" in NKP—didn't really think of it that way. At the time, it felt like a yearlong hole in my life—away from everyone and everything that I loved. I missed family, friends, and especially culture. The late 1960s were a fun and exciting time to be a young American. The traditional culture and political order were being aggressively, sometimes violently challenged. Cities were on fire, revolution was in the air, and I was stuck in a boring dirty backwater jungle hamlet. I truly hated it. When I returned to the United States, however, I found that my experience had given me a coolness and street cred that I'd never had before.

Street cred in progressive circles for fighting in Vietnam? Was it considered "cool" to have fought in Vietnam?

I don't know that a civilized word like "progressive" was used very often back then. The counterculture thought of themselves as radicals, hippies, or freaks. I think that the first time that I became aware of my newly found street cred was during a conversation with a woman at the Fort Dix coffee house. We didn't know each other well, and she seemed to be a little bit in awe of me. I thought that was weird, and said so. She said something like, "You just don't see yourself—where you've been, what you've done—the way the rest of us see you."

I read about people spitting on soldiers or screaming at them, but that wasn't my experience. I didn't get a ticker-tape parade, but I didn't get any hate, either. People were interested in what I'd seen and what I'd learned. It probably helped that I was obviously on their side—joined Vietnam Veterans Against the War and stuff like that.

Do you remember any pain? When you first told me this story as a kid, you said you woke up in the hospital just as the nurse was pulling the catheter out of your penis. I remember you saying, "It felt like they were pulling a pineapple out of my dick, son."

It's always funny the things your kids remember.recommended

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          Teachers Teaching Teachers #233 - Bud Hunt and Gail Desler on citing sources, loving Audacity and more - 1.26.11   

48:20 minutes (11.06 MB)

On this episode of Teachers Teaching Teachers, Paul Allison, Susan Ettenheim, and Chris Sloan catch up with two other National Writing Project teachers, Bud Hunt and Gail Desler.

First we talk to Bud about his conversation at this year EduCon 2.3.  We encourage you to follow the links at the bottom of this description from the EduCon site (I hope we did our "linktrubition" correctly here!):

Dr. Remix; or how I learned to stop worrying and love citation
Browse recordings: livestream.com/educon8
Who: Bud Hunt, St. Vrain Valley School District (CO) and Joe Bires, Haddonfield School District (NJ)
Conversation Description:
     This presentation is an extension of a Twitter conversation in response to a keynote presentation at ISTE 2010. One presenter felt that he was witnessing an act of plagiarism, while the other felt he was seeing remix in action. Their constructive disagreement is worth further exploration.
Clearly, there are many differing views on the role of proper use of the work of others. What is the place of citation in the work we are doing with students and others? When should you cite? How? What does a digital citation, or "linktribution" as Alan Levine calls it, look like online?
     Perhaps you never thought about it or perhaps you never considered the issue in its totality. This discussion will raise your awareness of this issue that fundamentally affects us because ideas are at the core of all of our curricula. Through citation, we ask students to connect ideas together and create new ones, but the issue of citation masks the fundamental question of the relationship between ideas and their creators.
Websites:  http://www.budtheteacher.com - http://edtechleadership.com - http://bit.ly/drremix

Next up in the podcast, Gail Desler brings us up to date on here work as a technology integrator in the Elk Grove (CA) Unified School District.  Among other things, Gail describes why she loves Audacity so much, and here's some of how she puts it in her wonderful Edublog, BlogWalker:

     The appeal of  Audacity to students is that they can edit all or just parts of a recording. For the past few months, I’ve had the privilege of observing Teresa Cheung’s 4th graders delve into Audacity to edit their Stories from Heart audio interviews. Once students see how easy it is to zoom in and delete an “er” or “um,” or shorten a pause, or amplify a section that’s too low, or remove background noise, etc., they become active sound editors. I love watching the confidence level of ELLs grow, as they relax, knowing how easy it is to redo words or even a single word until they’re satisfied with the output.
     But more importantly, as Teresa’s students listen, for instance, to Chase’s mother explain how she came to be born by a waterfall, or Devina’s grandmother talk about growing up in Berkeley in the ’50s, or Anthony’s mother talk about her childhood days escaping Laos,  the students take pride in sharing and preserving family stories, cultures, and languages. As the collection builds, so does the celebration of common threads and diversity in Ms. Cheung’s classroom, along with an appreciation for the power of the human voice.

Finally, Paul, Chris, and Susan mull over some of the changes they are planning for Youth Voices. Within days of this post, Bill Fitzgerald and the other "primates" over at FunnyMonkey will have finished a re-launch of Youth Voices on their new Voice Box installation.

The VoiceBox installation profile is designed to simplify the work of groups looking to create or expand their online presence. Groups who could use this site range from media organizations to not-for-profits to schools to advocacy groups. If an organization wants to build a place for their stakeholders to publish, interact, and get more informed, then VoiceBox could support that work.

Click Read more to see a copy of the chat that was happening during the webcast.


read more


          Fernando Picó: el inmenso caudal   

  Fernando -como le llamé siempre luego de que ofició mi ceremonia matrimonial- usaba un adjetivo que intercalaba muchas veces en las conversaciones coloquiales con los estudiantes: “reguerete”. Almorzábamos lengua mechada en una fonda de Puerta de Tierra, a donde convidaba al corillo de estudiantes pelaos que investigaban diariamente en el Archivo General de Puerto…

La entrada Fernando Picó: el inmenso caudal aparece primero en Diálogo UPR.


          Early days for Laos’ civil society organizations   

For all but a few, it is early days for Laos’ civil society organizations. Numerous different non-profit organizations (NPOs) are spread over the country to support a wide range of development working areas. But while intentions are good, the capacity of the still young civil society organizations is often rather limited.

The Learning House for Development (LHD) is an organization that brings 40 independent Lao development organizations into contact with each other and reinforces them. This occurs in the Learning House itself, a building where besides housing the 11 staff members, meeting rooms and office spaces are primarily offered to small civil society groups which are just starting out. LHD also aims to spread knowledge within the non-profit sector.

Khouanfa Siriphone is the Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development in Laos.

“Before 2010, civil society was extremely splintered in Laos; information was rarely shared. Everyone was just doing their own thing. Now there’s an independent organisation, with 11 people and its own, central office. Oxfam provides us with financial support, but also workshops for improving our impact among local organizations, help with measuring our results and writing reports, and training in financial management." Khouanfa Siriphone, Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development. Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.

Oxfam supports LHD at an institutional and organizational level

In order to enhance the relevance of LHD as a civil-society network Oxfam supports LHD at an institutional and organizational level. We also work to position LHD as a leader in connecting development organisations with each other, with partners and with government organisations, as well as helping LHD to develop an information sharing system and to organize training sessions to familiarise LHD members with this system.

Workshop in the Learning House for Development. Laos

“In through or out the door, left or right corridors, up or down stairs; no matter which way you go, in the Learning House there is knowledge in the air. Financial management knowledge is transferred from one organization to another and experts share legal knowledge among all residents. There is an individual space called ‘nursery’ for each young civil society organization in which they can acquire the knowledge and skills to succeed in their own sectors. Khouanfa Siriphone, Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development.” Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.

Volunteers from all corners of the world

Learning House for Development (LHD) also works with volunteers, from all corners of the world.

Suzie Fairley

"Here I get the chance to come into contact with a great deal of development work: capacity strengthening, financial management, HR, etc. I work 80% of my time here in the house, but also 20% of the time with our various member organisations. I help them write reports, support them with time management or simply lend a hand with the translations." Suzie Fairley volunteers as an Organizational Development Adviser at the Learning House for Development. Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.

English
Parent page: 
Laos
Picture: 
Map with locations of Learning House members organizations. Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.
Summary picture: 
Map with locations of Learning House members organizations. Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.
Pull quotes: 
"No matter which way you go, in the Learning House there is knowledge in the air."
Quotee: 
Khouanfa Siriphone, Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development.
Other pages title: 
Other programmes
Regions and Countries: 
Near me block title: 
Oxfam near me
Promote to Explore: 
Promote to worldwide: 

          Laos   
cover imageMorgan, Kate
          Comment on Using plausible deniability against a systematically lying adversary by Larry Galearis   
One book I always recommend about how little the United States culture has changed in its fundamental relationships with the world is Bernard Cornwell’s “The Fort”. Paul Revere (yes, that Paul Revere) played a huge role in the greatest naval defeat in US history in 1779. This is history left out of the American citizen’s psyche and a nation’s PUBLICLY acknowledged history. The wars of empire since 1945 see an ugly continuum with a list of miscreant militarism. Here is a list of countries bombed since 1945: China 1945-46 Korea 1950-53 China 1950-53 Guatemala 1954 Indonesia 1958 Cuba 1959-60 Guatemala 1960 Belgian Congo 1964 Guatemala 1964 Dominican Republic 1965-66 Peru 1965 Laos 1964-73 Vietnam 1961-73 Cambodia 1969-70 Guatemala 1967-69 Lebanon 1982-84 Grenada 1983-84 Libya 1986 El Salvador 1981-92 Nicaragua 1981-90 Iran 1987-88 Libya 1989 Panama 1989-90 Iraq 1991 Kuwait 1991 Somalia 1992-94 Bosnia 1995 Iran 1998 Sudan 1998 Afghanistan 1998 Yugoslavia – Serbia 1999 Afghanistan 2001 Libya 2011. What most Americans do not understand is that most of these events were acts of aggression as war crimes under International Law, and also LOST wars. The very history behind these wars is based on lawlessness and incompetent leadership both at the military end and the Washington end. And we never know what level of goofiness is at work deciding on whether to go to war or not. I also want to give my thanks and appreciation to the Saker for his insights to our geopolitical realities. Best regards, Galearis
          Cambodia Cold Ones   
Ah, southeast Asia.  Where "beer" is synonymous with "whatever taste-free, industrially-produced malt beverage you happen to have in the freezer at the moment."  It's hot here, damned hot, and sometimes you just need a drink of cold water.  Or pop.  Or macro light lager.

Unfortunately, you're going to have a tough time finding much else.  The big guys run the show, and there's not much demand for other types of beer.  Southeast Asians (Thais especially) don't enjoy extra-bitter beverages, and they have a sweet tooth; developing a light and refreshing but non-bitter and over-sweetened beer... well, seems a bit like chasing your tail.  No wonder this is where vodka-and-Red Bull originated.

You can sometimes find overpriced Belgian beer at tourist restaurants, but do you really want an 11% quadrupel when it's 40 C and humidity is high?  Given the long, hot shipping and storage conditions for foreign beer, I wouldn't recommend trying other styles either.

Cambodian Beer Sampling


I thought I should at least have a quick look around before packing it in and writing off the whole region, beer-wise.  And to add an extra exotic twist, I'd do it in Phnom Penh, Cambodia!


Ooo, Angkor beer, named for the ancient empire centered in Cambodia (builders of the famed Angkor Wat temples and ancient cities).  A suitably exotic brand name.  Left to right we have the standard light lager, followed by an Angkor Extra Stout and an ABC Extra Stout.  Both stouts are 8%.


Cool - the Angkor light lager ($0.60 US) greets you with an old school pull-off tab.  The contents... well, pretty much the same as Singha, Tiger, Leo and Chang in Thailand, Beer Lao in Laos and Myanmar Beer in Myanmar.  (If you have a choice, Leo is the lesser of evils.)  Next.


Oh my, that's not a good sign, Angkor Extra Stout.  A tacky-looking beer ring on the inside of the cap seal, which has bubbled and stretched itself apart from the cap.  It looks almost like the beer was boiled inside the bottle!  Maybe this one got stuck in the pasteurizer?  It did provide an impossible-to-miss lesson on how oxidized dark beers taste.  Like sherry and red wine, stale chocolate, old canned cherries, molasses, hints of black liquorice.  Bleah.

However, the ABC Extra Stout... came through with flying colours!  Tasted cold, it was actually a pleasant little brew, more like a fortified milk stout than a foreign extra stout.  Slightly banana-y aroma, flavours of coffee, milk chocolate, subtle ripe banana, lots of residual sweetness and medium hop bitterness.  Not something I'm going to take to the beach with me, but perfectly passable nonetheless.

Munich Fresh Beer Microbrewery


Walking home from the waterfront one night, I spied a sign for the Munich Fresh Beer Microbrewery.  In previous times, my heart would have skipped a beat in joyful anticipation.  However, this year I had already experienced many places around the world that capitalize on tourist fads by providing the trappings of something desirable at a high price, while ludicrously under-delivering.  (I'm looking at you, Turkish "brewpub".)


Despite the branding and messaging and faux-dirndl uniforms of the female wait staff and visible (though questionably operative) brewing equipment, this was really a very busy and popular family soup restaurant/private box karaoke venue.  Despite the signage, beer was secondary.

(Substandard) live music in the main indoor room

The beer list: "gold" and "stout".  Clearly not the correct German terms - what they meant was "light" and "dark".

The Hoplog Global Golden Rule of Brewpub/Microbrewery/Unknown Small Beer Producer Drinking:
If such a brewer offers only two beers, and they are named "light" and "dark" or  equivalent names, walk away and do not look back.
Sigh.  I didn't obey my own rule.  So as expected, here is the "Gold" beer I ordered:


Cloudy and yeasty and weirdly fruity and undrinkable - I was 100% certain this was the crap I would be served.  Yet my faith in humanity prevailed and I took a chance.  Sigh.

Kingdom Breweries


Not ready to give up yet, I did a spot of internet research, and it appeared there was an actual bottle-production craft brewery in Phnom Penh, just a few kilometres north of the downtown ferry jetty.  No one answered the phone, and no business hours were available (other than in online reviews), so I blindly piled into a tuk-tuk and was dropped off at their last known address, at the time I figured their office would open (1:00 pm).


Success!  Kingdom (as in the "Kingdom Of Cambodia") has some decent-sized financial backers, and therefore has pretty nice digs and (until recently) a European-trained brewer.  There's even a view of the mighty Mekong River across the street from the tasting room.



The brewery is in a former Nestle factory, and is therefore massive.  Plenty of room to expand, and the equipment is all shiny and new and decently large for such a small brewery.


Cases of bottles behind the bottling machine



The brewhouse has many tanks - hot liquor tank, cold liquor tank, mash tun, lauter tun, boil kettle, rice cooker (for the "Gold" which uses rice), etc.  Lots of pushbutton control, too.  Fancy!



So how was the beer, served in a frozen mug (traditional in these parts)?  In a word... meh.  All the beer except the Gold (aka typical light lager) is 100% malt, and the brewery has gotten some good press - but apparently all of it from teetotaler journalists.  The Gold is passable, but is the same as every other beer in the region (possibly a bit sweeter).  The pilsner, which I was really looking forward to, was... the lowlight.  It tasted like a typically premature, unfinished "cloudy pilsner" sold by unskilled brewpubs in hot-climate countries, but run through a filter (for clarity) and a pasteurizer (for flavour stability).  It tasted fruity and yeasty, and not in a particularly good way.  Maybe local palettes like this better than I do, but I'm skeptical.

But there's hope - their "dark" beer is an inoffensive beer along the lines of a mild or a mass-market English brown.  There's a bit of caramel malt in there, not too much bitterness, restrained sweetness, and most importantly no unbridled yeast problems.  Served cold, it's fine.  (Except that it costs twice as much as a light lager.)



The tour cost a few dollars, but our guide was very nice and answered our questions as best she could.  (For instance, there is no refrigeration room for the conditioning tanks - or for the fermenters.  According to our guide they use CO2 jackets for cooling these tanks, and the CO2 is purchased from the Coca-Cola factory down the road.  This seems odd and expensive to me, and some of the beer tastes like it was fermented too warm, but what do I know?)

FYI, there's apparently a "pub night" every second Friday or so at the brewery, which online reviews indicate is a lot of fun.


Verdict?


Kudos to Kingdom for making a go of it in a difficult brewing environment.  However, I've lost any hope that there could be a decent microbrewery in southeast Asia, so I'm going to stop investigating and just enjoy the last few weeks of my travel.  Until I return to sweet Vancouver in late April - land of barley, hops and good brewers - I guess it's watery Leo beer for me.


NB - Ever wonder why some breweries pasteurize their beer?  In this region, it's pretty much essential.  The above shop is across the street from Kingdom Breweries.  Those are boxes of beer stacked under the 2:00 pm Phnom Penh sun in the middle of hot season.  Imagine what your west coast IPA would taste like after that kind of treatment?  At least these beers don't have much flavour to begin with.


          Dictado   
 EL AGUA


El agua siempre se abre camino en el planeta de diferentes formas ofreciéndose un espectáculo para los sentidos. Es impresionante observar en todo su esplendor el glaciar Perito Moreno y cómo surgen los bloques de sal en el mar Muerto o como se forma las lagunas de Rock Island.
Aunque es muy abundante, el agua es un escasísimo tesoro y más de la mitad de la población mundial no tiene acceso al agua potable.

glaciar Perito Moreno.


"Media statement from MP Ralph Regenvanu in response to his termination as a Minister on Monday 16th January 2012"

I acknowledge that the Prime Minister has the Constitutional right to appoint and dismiss any Minister.

I am disappointed, however, that my termination was by way of a letter delivered to my office and that the Prime Minister did not have the courtesy to meet me in person to tell me that I was being terminated and the reasons for my termination.  Considering my long-time support for him over the entire life of this legislature, I feel this failure to meet me in person to terminate me is disrespectful and not appropriate conduct on his part.

Since the Prime Minister never spoke to me, the only reason that I have been given for my termination is in the letter, which says:
“Your continued actions and support for issues that have been contradictory to the collective policy decisions of the Council of Ministers and your choice not to stand by these collective decisions has caused serious concern and raised serious questions of loyalty within the Council and members of the governing coalition.”

Less than ten MP’s in the current Parliament and only two Ministers in the current Government have stood by the the Hon. Sato Kilman since the 2008 elections until now, and I am one of them.  Even several members of his own party have deserted him over the term.  On the issue of my “loyalty”, then, I believe there is no “serious question”.

As to my “actions and support for issues that have been contradictory to the collective policy decisions of the Council of Ministers”, the most obvious one is my vote against the bill to join the World Trade Organisation, both in the Council of Ministers and in Parliament.  It seems apparent to most observers that this is the reason for my termination, as I believe I am the first Minister in Vanuatu’s history to vote against a Government bill.

I also did not support the recent Council of Ministers decision to appoint Mme Titam Ghoiset as Roving Ambassador to Russia with a 15% commission on any money she obtains for Vanuatu, so this may be another of my transgressions.

I have also spoken publicly, in political awareness campaigns, about my opposition to the use of Government funds to increase the salaries and benefits of politicians.  In November 2010 I was the only MP to vote against the Bill for the Parliament Members’ Expenses and Allowances (Amendment) Act, which increased MP's annual salaries by two million vatu by removing this amount from the MP allocation and transferring it into MP salaries.  I have also publicly stated my opposition to the recent decision (in November last year) by the Parliamentary Management Board (of which the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition and the Speaker of Parliament are members) to provide new cars at Government expense to four MP’s: the First and Second Deputy Speakers, the Leader of Government Business and the Government Whip; and to create a new position of 2nd Second Political Advisor to the Speaker, at a time when many teachers and nurses are still waiting to receive outstanding salaries owed to them.  This may be another of my transgressions.

Also, in December last year, I wrote to the Prime Minister asking that Vanuatu not enter into any further relations with Indonesia given the massive human rights violations being committed by the Indonesian army in West Papua in that same month: a few days after receiving my letter the Prime Minister traveled to Indonesia to sign a Development Cooperation Agreement with that country which purports to prevent the Vanuatu Government from talking about the issue of West Papuan independence.  The signing of this Agreement has not been endorsed by the Council of Ministers.  Perhaps my opposition to establishing further relations with Indonesia is another reason for my dismissal.

Despite my many differences with the policy decisions of the Prime Minister, I have remained faithful to his Government and have been able to implement many changes in the three Ministries I have held over the past year.

In the Ministry of Ni-Vanuatu Business, I was able to remove the long-standing power of the Minister to politically appoint the Registrar of Cooperatives and have this position appointed on merit instead.  I was also able to have a policy restricting the location and manner in which foreigners could establish retail and wholesale shops in Vanuatu passed by the Council of Ministers: unfortunately I was reshuffled out of the Ministry before the policy could be implemented and subsequent Ministers and the Government in general have failed to implement this policy.


          Fãs do Pão de Forma na Malásia visitam fábrica em Hannover   

Foi a viagem das suas vidas: três meses, dois continentes, 20.000 quilómetros e um destino: a fábrica da Volkswagen Veículos Comerciais em Hannover. No início de março, cinco fãs dos famosos “Pão de Forma” partiram da sua terra natal na Malásia em três “Pão de Forma” e um “Carocha”, respondendo a um convite para visitar a fábrica onde desde 1956 é produzida a Transporter. Cliften Nathaniel (T2), Terence Moses (T1), Stephen Pang (T1), Monica Xavier e Udhaya Kumar (Carocha) chegaram sem problemas ao seu destino. Orgulhosamente conduzem os seus veículos de culto até à linha de produção onde receberam uma calorosa receção de Friedrich Mattiszik (Direção de Produção). “Sabemos que temos fãs do “Pão de Forma” em todo o mundo. Mas nunca tinham vindo nas suas viaturas de tão longe. É uma honra para nós mostrar a nossa fábrica a estes verdadeiros fãs “globe-trotters”. O berço de grande parte das Transporter nos últimos 60 anos. Stephen Pang: “Para nós este é um sonho tornado realidade. Sempre quisemos vir ao local onde os nossos “Pães de Forma” foram construídos. Agora, percebemos a que se deve a qualidade dos veículos que conduzimos. É impressionante a sintonia perfeita entre os trabalhadores e a robotização da linha de montagem. A sua dimensão gigantesca é avassaladora!” A sua jornada nos “Pães de Forma” (dois veículos do modelo T1 de 1967, um veículo T2 de 1978) seguiu uma rota em estradas de montanha, atravessando a Tailândia, Laos, China, Rússia e Europa de Leste. Disse-nos Terence Moses: “As Transporter de todas as gerações são indestrutíveis. E os “Pães de Forma” quando precisam de ser reparados, há sempre um concessionário que nos consegue ajudar.” Esta expedição foi preparada até ao mais ínfimo pormenor, tendo contado com o Apoio das “Classic Parts” da Volkswagen, que forneceram as peças mais necessárias, além das respetivas ferramentas e indicação dos concessionários ao longo do caminho para poderem ajudar em qualquer eventualidade. Após a paragem na fábrica de Hannover, estes fãs Malaios do “Pão de Forma”, como se tivessem feito poucos quilómetros, ainda passaram no caminho de regresso à Malásia, na Bélgica, França e países escandinavos. Isto porque adicionaram outra missão à sua longa jornada - A campanha de caridade “Live2drive” quiseram fazer algo de positivo no mundo: fazer as crianças felizes. Visitaram orfanatos em vários países e participaram em vários eventos de caridade. Depois de um total de 50.000 quilómetros, a viagem com os seus veículos míticos terminou na Malásia.
          Armband mit Mekong Glückstein   

Armband mit Mekong Glückstein Armband mit Mekong Stein Herkunft: Laos17-21cmNeu!Privatverkauf, kein Ausland Verkauf 
CHF 8.00


          ASIA/LAOS - Con il Cardinale Ling, la comunità cattolica in Laos “ha pari dignità”   
Città del Vaticano – “E’ un evento storico: con l'elevazione del Vescovo laotiano Louis-Marie Ling a Cardinale, i fedeli laotiani avvertono di avere pari dignità con le altre Chiese asiatiche con coorti di santi. Questo è un legittimo motivo di orgoglio. Ricordiamo che l'11 dicembre 2016 sono stati beatificati a Vientiane i 17 martiri del Laos. Il primo nome dell'elenco è padre Joseph Tien, giovane prete laotiano, diventato un modello e punto di riferimento per i fedeli di ieri e di oggi. Dopo di lui altri cinque laotiani hanno scelto di rinunciare alla loro vita per la loro fede. La loro beatificazione, nel centro della capitale Vientiane, è stata un evento unico per la Chiesa cattolica del Laos. E ora la nomina a Cardinale di Louis-Marie Ling è un passo nella stessa direzione. Ora le comunità cattoliche del Laos sono sicure di avere un posto nel cuore e nella mente del Papa. Non sono più cattolici “di secondo piano” e nessuno può trattarli come “figli adottivi”. La loro voce e la loro esperienza è centrale nel cristianesimo oggi”: lo dice alll'Agenzia Fides p. Roland Jaques, missionario degli Oblati di Maria Immacolata, Postulatore della Causa di Beatificazione di 15 tra i 17 martiri laotiani.
Interpellato da Fides, p. Jaques esprime speranza per la piccola Chiesa in Laos: “I cattolici in Laos vivono ancora la loro fede in circostanze disagiate. I beati martiri offrono loro un esempio vivo di cosa significa essere credenti in un ambiente che a volte può essere ostile alla loro presenza. E sono certi che, nella persona del nuovo Cardinale, avranno un avvocato, un protettore, un consolatore”.
“La maggior parte dei fedeli cattolici del Laos – prosegue il Postulatore – appartiene a minoranze etniche. In passato, queste persone erano sicuramente ‘cittadini di serie B’. Il Vescovo Ling appartiene alla minoranza di khmou, considerata la più bassa nella scala sociale. Il suo essere onorato come Cardinale di Santa Romana Chiesa è un grande dono per l'autostima di tutte le minoranze. Nessuno può disprezzarle, ora”.
Anche nei rapporti con le autorità civili, la presenza del Cardinale sarà importante, nota p. Jaques: “Quando il governo del Laos ha concesso ufficialmente il permesso per la beatificazione dei martiri laotiani, ha segnalato la buona volontà di cooperazione, indicandolo come occasione per creare solidarietà, comprensione reciproca e aiuto reciproco, e come opportunità per mantenere buone relazioni con le agenzie governative. Ora il Cardinale Louis-Marie Ling avrà la volontà e la forza di condurre tutti i membri del popolo di Dio in Laos in questo a volte arduo percorso di cooperazione. Egli potrà parlare anche di libertà religiosa e diritti umani. Le sue origini etniche e la sua storia personale non dovrebbero essere più un ostacolo. Sono fiducioso che il governo lo considererà come un valido portavoce per la Chiesa cattolica”.

          251808-2017: Grèce-Agios Nikolaos: Consommables médicaux   
Date de publication: 01/07/2017 | Date limite: 11-09-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          251803-2017: Grèce-Agios Nikolaos: Appareils de suppléance rénale   
Date de publication: 01/07/2017 | Date limite: 04-09-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          THAILAND NORTHEASTERN SHARED DISHES   

Northeastern shared dishes


The cuisine of Northeastern Thailand generally feature dishes similar to those found in Laos, as Isan people historically have close ties with Lao culture and speak a language that is generally mutually intelligible with the Lao language.
Kai yang - marinated, grilled chicken.


Kai yang (Thai: ไก่ย่าง, pronounced [kàj jâ]) or ping gai  )is a dish originating from the Lao people of Laos and Isan, but it is commonly eaten throughout Thailand as well, where it has become immensely popular. The dish is a common staple of street markets and readily available at all times. Being a typical Laotian/Isan dish, it is often paired with som tam/tam mak hoong and sticky rice (Thai/Isan: ข้าวเหนียว;). It is also eaten with raw vegetables, and often dipped in spicy sauces such as Laotian jaew bong.
In Thailand there are also many famous Thai Muslim varieties of kai yang.
Khao niao


Khao niao - Glutinous rice is eaten as a staple food both in the Northeast as in the North of Thailand; it is traditionally steamed.
Lap

Lap - a traditional Lao salad containing meat, onions, chillies, roasted rice powder and garnished with mint.
Lab is most often made with chicken, beef, duck, turkey, pork or even fish, flavored with fish sauce, lime juice and fresh herbs. The meat can be either raw or cooked; it is minced and mixed with chilli, mint and, optionally, assorted vegetables. Roughly ground toasted rice (khao kua) is also a very important component of the dish. The dish is served at room temperature and usually with a serving of sticky rice as is customary in Laos and Isan. There is also a variant from Northern Thailand which does not use lime or fish sauce, but rather other local condiments for flavor and seasoning. "Larb pla" (Thai: ลาบปลา) is one kind of larb which made of minced fish mixed with spices. There is a kind of larb called lu (Thai: หลู้) which is made of minced raw beef mixed with blood, bile and spices. Lu is usually eaten with vegetables and often served with beer or the local moonshine called lao khao.

Nam chim chaeo

Nam chim chaeo - is a sticky, sweet and spicy dipping sauce made with dried chilies, fish sauce, palm sugar 
and black roasted rice flour. It is often served as a dip with mu yang (Thai: หมูย่าง, grilled pork).
Nam tok


Nam tok - made with pork (mu) or beef (nuea) and somewhat identical to lap, except that the pork or beef is cut into thin strips rather than minced.
Som tam

Som tam - grated papaya salad, pounded with a mortar and pestle, similar to the Laos Tam mak hoong. There are three main variations: som tam pu (Thai: ส้มตำปู) with salted black crab, and som tam thai (Thai: ส้มตำไทย) with peanuts, dried shrimp and palm sugar and som tam pla ra (Thai: ส้มตำปลาร้า) from the north eastern part of Thailand (Isan), with salted gourami fish, white eggplants, fish sauce and long beans. Som tam is usually eaten with sticky rice but a popular variation is to serve it with khanom chin (rice noodles) instead.
Suea rong hai






Suea rong hai - grilled beef brisket.
Tom saep - Northeastern-style hot & sour soup.

Bone Appetite
Hew kaow

          HISTORY AND CENTRAL THAI SHARED DISHES   







Thai cuisine is the national cuisine of Thailand. Thai cuisine places emphasis on lightly prepared dishes with strong aromatic components. Thai cuisine is known for being spicy. Balance, detail and variety are important to Thai cooking. Thai food is known for its balance of the five fundamental taste senses in each dish or the overall meal: hot (spicy), sour, sweet, salty, and (optional) bitter.

Although popularly considered a single cuisine, Thai food would be more accurately described as four regional cuisines corresponding to the four main regions of the country: Northern, Northeastern (or Isan), Central, and Southern, each cuisine sharing similar foods or foods derived from those of neighboring countries and regions: Burma, the Chinese province of Yunnan and Laos to the north, CambodiaLaos and to the east and Malaysia to the south of Thailand. In addition to these four regional cuisines, there is also the Thai Royal Cuisine which can trace its history back to the palace cuisine of the Ayutthaya kingdom (1351–1767 CE). Its refinement, cooking techniques and its use of ingredients were of great influence to the cuisine of the Central Thai plains.
The culinary traditions and cuisines of Thailand's neighbors have influenced Thai cuisine over many centuries. Regional variations tend to correlate to neighboring states as well as climate and geography. Southern curries tend to contain coconut milk and fresh turmeric, while northeastern dishes often include lime juice. The cuisine of Northeastern (or Isan) Thailand is heavily influenced by Lao cuisine. Many popular dishes eaten in Thailand were originally Chinese dishes which were introduced to Thailand mainly by the Teochew people who make up the majority of the Thai Chinese. Such dishes include chok (rice porridge), kuai-tiao rat na (fried rice-noodles) and khao kha mu (stewed pork with rice). The Chinese also introduced the use of a wok for cooking, the technique of deep-frying and stir-frying dishes, and noodles and soy products.







Central Thai shared dishes


Tom Yum 


Tom Yum is the most famous of Thai soups, being very popular in Thai restaurants in the US. It is a clear sour soup which is flavored with fresh lemon grass and kaffir lime leaf. The most well-known version uses shrimp (in Thai: goong, koon, kung), but you may also use firm white-flesh fish (see Tom Yum Taleh) or chicken (gy, gai or kai).







Red curry




Red curry (Thai: แกงเผ็ด; spicy curry) is a popular Thai dish consisting of curry paste to which coconut milk is added. The base is properly made with a mortar and pestle, and remains moist throughout the preparation process. 
Red curry paste itself is the core flavouring for a number of other non-related dishes such Thot man pla (fish cakes) and sai ua (grilled Chiang Mai sausage).
Red Curry with Roasted Duck is one of the most popular types of curries in Thai restaurants outside of Thailand. See our website for the Homemade Red Curry Paste recipe or if you are short of time, substitute ready-made canned curry paste with great results.
Ho mok pla
Ho mok pla, fish curry paté
Ho mok pla - a paté of fish, spices, coconut milk and egg, steamed in a banana leaf cup and topped with thick coconut cream before serving.


Thot man 
Thot man pla krai with fried basil

Thot man - deep fried fishcake made from knifefish (Thot man pla krai, Thaiทอดมันปลากราย) or shrimp (Thot man kung, Thaiทอดมันกุ้ง).
Thot man pla is made by deep frying small patties of minced fish (most often plakrai) mixed with red curry paste, finely chopped yardlong beans (tua fak yao, Thai: ถั่วฝักยาว), and finely shredded kaffir lime leaves (bai makrut, Thai: ใบมะกรูด). The same recipe with minced prawns, instead of fish, will make you thot man kung (Thai: ทอดมันกุ้ง). The fried leaves seen in the photo are those of Thai holy basil (bai kraphao, Thai: ใบกะเพรา). Thot man pla is served with a sweet chilli dip sauce which normally contains diced cucumber and crushed peanuts. This dish can be eaten as a snack, a starter, or as one of the dishes in a Thai buffet style meal.
Phak bung fai daeng: fried morning-glory
Phak bung fai daeng - stir fried morning-glory with yellow bean paste. 

 (Phat) phak boong fai daeng (Thai: ผัดผักบุ้งไฟแดง): Literally it means "(fried) red fire morning-glory". The basic recipe is morning-glory (Ipomoea aquatica) stir-fried with garlic, chillies, Thai yellow bean sauce (taochiao), oyster sauce and fish sauce. For the correct taste, one needs to get the cooking flames in to the pan. This vegetable dish is extremely popular in Thailand.

Pla sam rot
Pla sam rot
Pla sam rot
Pla sam rot - literally "Three flavours fish": deep fried fish with a sweet, tangy and spicy tamarind sauce.
Pla samrot (Thai: ปลาสามรส) or pla thot samrot: Deep fried three flavours fish. Here made with pla thapthim (Thai: ปลาทับทิม, Oreochromis niloticus, Nile Tilapia). The sticky, sweet, spicy and tangy sauce's main ingredients are tamarind, chillies and garlic. The dish is garnished with roughly chopped coriander (cilantro) leaves. The fish is approximately 25 cm (10 inches) in length.


Phat khana mu krop
Phat khana mu krop - khana (gailan) stir fried with crispy pork
Phat phak kana mu krop: Thai style stir fried Chinese broccoli (pak kana, Thai: ผักคะน้า) with crispy pork (mu krop Thai: หมูกรอบ). The recipe also includes sliced large red chillies, sliced garlic, oyster sauce and soy sauce. Here it is served rat khao, meaning "together with rice".






Bone Appetite
Hew kaow

          SEJARAH PERANG VIETNAM   


Pada tanggal 2 September 1945 di Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh secara umum mendeklarasikan kemerdekaan Vietnam. Ketika para komunis di Vietnam Selatan Viet Minh mengikutsertakan pemerintahan kolonial Perancis pada perang gerilya, bermula tepat setelah deklarasi kemerdekaan tersebut, Ho Chi Minh, pada posisinya sebagai pemimpin pergerakkan kemerdekaan di Vietnam Utara, memutuskan untuk bernegosiasi dengan Perancis. Alasannya adalah : pada waktu itu lebih dari 180.000 pasukan nasionalis Cina di Vietnam Utara; Viet Minh di Vietnam Utara merasa secara simultan liberalisasi mereka untuk melawan kekuatan dari kolonial Perancis dan pasukan Cina.
Pada tahun 1946, setelah Perancis membangun kembali pemerintahan kolonial mereka di Vietnam, para nasionalis Cina setuju diberlakukannya kembali pasukan Cina dari Vietnam. Hal ini telah terjadi, Viet Minh menambah serangan mereka terhadap kekuatan kolonial Perancis dan memasangnya juga di bagian Selatan dan Utara Vietnam. Ketika Perancis berhasil dalam menahan kota dibawah kekuasaan mereka, peraturan di daerah pedalaman makin bertambah karena Viet Minh.
20 November 1953, kekuatan kolonial Perancis menempatkan sebanyak 16.000 pasukannya di Bien Phu, yaitu sebuah lembah pegunungan di sepanjang perbatasan Vietnam Utara dan Laos Utara. Dari Dien Bien Phu, Perancis bermaksud untuk mengawasi daerah perbatasan di antara kedua negara. Hal ini dianggap perlu karena Viet Minh melakukan pergerakan komunis dilengkapi dengan persenjataan di Laos, Pathet Lao.
Militer Perancis percaya bahwa Lembah Dien Bien Phu yang memiliki panjang 19 kilometer dan lebar 13 kilometer, aman dari serangan Viet Minh. Namun pada minggu-minggu dan bulan-bulan berikutnya, pasukan Vietnam dibawah pimpinan Jenderal Giap, menyiapkan penyerangan ke Dien Bien Phu. Dengan bantuan lebih dari 200.000 orang kuli pengangkut barang, Viet Minh mengatur pengangkutan artileri berat ke gunung-gunung yang mengelilingi lembah Dien Bien Phu.
Pada bulan Maret 1954, Viet Minh memulai penyerangan mereka terhadap pasukan Perancis di Dien Bien Phu. Pada tanggal 7 Mei 1954, mereka berhasil menaklukan pusat komando Perancis. 9.500 anggota pasukan kolonial Perancis ditangkap. Ini merupakan kekalahan paling buruk dalam sejarah pasukan kolonial Perancis.
Lebih dari 20.000 orang Viet Minh dan lebih dari 3.000 orang Perancis terbunuh dalam pertempuran di Dien Bien Phu. Perang antara Viet Minh dengan Perancis yang berlangsung selama sembilan tahun, telah menelan korban jiwa yang sangat besar. Lebih dari satu juta warga sipil, 200.000 hingga 300.000 orang Viet Minh dan lebih dari 95.000 anggota pasukan kolonial Perancis telah kehilangan nyawanya.
Pada tanggal 20 Juli 1954 di Jenewa, negosiator Viet Minh dan Perancis setuju membagi Vietnam menjadi dua negara bagian : komunis Vietnam Utara dan kapitalis Vietnam Selatan.
Pada tahun 1959-1963, setelah gerilya komunis Vietnam Selatan dapat menjatuhkan pemerintahan Diem, pemerintahan komunis Vietnam Utara mengendalikan jalannya konfrontasi militer. Lebih dari 40.000 gerilya Vietnam Utara masuk ke wilayah selatan, dan memberikan persenjataan dan amunisi kepada komunis Vietnam Selatan, yang dibawa melalui jalan-jalan kecil Ho Chi Minh di wilayah Laos dan Kamboja.
Pada tahun 1961, presiden AS yang baru dipilih, Kennedy, mengirimkan 100 penasihat militernya yang pertama bersama dengan satu unit khusus dengan 400 tentara ke Vietnam. Pada tahun berikutnya, AS menambah jumlah pasukannya di Vietnam menjadi 11.000 tentara.
Pada tanggal 2 Agustus 1964, dua kapal pesiar Amerika di tembaki oleh kapal-kapal patroli Vietnam Utara di Teluk Tonkin. Amerika bersikeras bahwa kapal-kapal pesiar itu berada di perairan internasional. Dan menjadikan peristiwa itu sebagai alasan untuk membom Vietnam Utara untuk pertama kalinya. Hanya saja pada tahun 1971, diketahui bahwa dua kapal perang Amerika telah melanggar daerah perairan Vietnam Utara.
Pada bulan Maret 1965, pesawat tempur AS memulai Operation Rolling Thunder, pemboman besar-besaran terhadap Vietnam Utara. Sekitar tiga setengah tahun kemudian, bom-bom dijatuhkan di sekitar Vietnam Utara yang jumlahnya dua kali lebih banyak dari jumlah bom yang dijatuhkan pada Perang Dunia II.
Untuk mengurangi pembangunan industri dan penduduk negara, Vietnam Utara memberlakukan desentralisasi total ekonomi dan evakuasi sejumlah orang dari kota-kota.
Puncak Perang Vietnam pada tahun 1968, yaitu saat AS mengirimkan hampir setengah juta tentaranya ke Vietnam. Pasukan Australia, Selandia Baru, Korea Selatan, Filipina dan Thailand semuanya berjumlah 90.000 orang. Dan saat itu tentara Vietnam Selatan berjumlah 1,5 juta orang.
Front Pembebasan Nasional di bawah kepemimpinan komunis, yang diberi nama Vietkong oleh AS, memiliki kekuatan 400.000 pasukan.
Pada tanggal 1 Februari 1968, kekuatan Tentara Pembebasan Nasional memulai serangan Tet ke 105 kota-kota di Vietnam Selatan. Walaupun Vietkong berhasil dipukul mundur dan mengalami kekalahan (kecuali di Hué), serangan Tet ini merupakan saat yang menentukan dalam Perang Vietnam.
Serangan Tet mengakibatkan perubahan sikap AS. Setelah serangan Tet, pemerintahan AS tidak tertarik lagi ingin memenangkan perang. Tapi mereka hanya tidak ingin kehilangan reputasinya sebagai kekuatan militer terhebat.
Melalui operasi militer AS, angkatan udara AS melakukan pengeboman ke wilayah Vietnam Utara, dan berakhir pada Oktober 1968. AS mulai menarik kembali pasukan-pasukannya dari Vietnam.
Tahun 1969 di Paris, AS, Vietnam Selatan, Vietnam Utara dan Vietkong melakukan negosiasi untuk menarik seluruh pasukan AS dari Vietnam.
Pada tahun 1972, sebelum negosiasi Paris membawa hasil, AS telah mengurangi pasukannya sebesar 100.000 orang dari Vietnam.
Tanggal 30 Maret 1972, terjadi serangan komunis, tapi bukan oleh Vietkong melainkan oleh pasukan Vietnam Utara yang melewati garis demarkasi (17 derajat garis lintang utara) melanggar wilayah Vietnam Selatan. Pengeboman yang dilakukan secara terus-menerus oleh pesawat tempur AS, telah menyebabkan mundurnya pasukan Vietnam Utara.
Pada tanggal 27 Januari 1973, persetujuan gencatan senjata ditandatangani di Paris dan mulai diberlakukan sejak hari itu. Pada bulan Maret 1973, pasukan terakhir Amerika, meninggalkan Vietnam.
Dua tahun kemudian, Vietnam Utara dan kekuatan komunis Selatan memulai serangan dengan maksud untuk menguasai negara Vietnam Selatan. Beberapa minggu kemudian, tepatnya tanggal 30 April 1975, pasukan Vietnam Utara menduduki Saigon dan mengakibatkan berakhirnya perang yang telah berlangsung selama tiga puluh tahun.
Vietnam Pada ajang perang Vietnam, persenjataan telah makin berkembang termasuk penggunaan pesawat-pesawat tempur jet yang bahkan telah memasuki era jet supersonik. AS menggunakan F-105 dan F-4 Phantom untuk menghadapi pesawat Rusia yang terdiri dari MiG-17 dan MiG-21.
Pada perang Vietnam inilah untuk pertama kali digunakan secara besar-besaran surface-to-air missile (SAM) sebagai salah satu komponen penting dalam sistim pertahanan udara. Teknologi elektronik juga menjadi sangat berpengaruh dalam perang ini dengan mulai banyak digunakannya bom laser-guided maupun yang optically-guided. Demikian pula penggunaan sistem deteksi rudal serta radar-jamming countermeasures. Juga roket baik yang air-to-air maupun yang air-to-ground.
Penggunaan kapal induk sebagai pangkalan pesawat-pesawat tempur menjadi begitu berperan dibanding dengan apa yang dilakukan pada Perang Dunia Kedua. Disamping itu dalam Perang Vietnam inilah dikembangkan sistem pengisian bahan bakar pesawat di udara oleh pesawat terbang tanker sebagai upaya AS dalam meningkatkan radius of action serta kemampuan manuver pesawat-pesawat tempurnya dalam melawan pesawat-pesawat produk Rusia.
Dalam ajang Perang Vietnam terlihat AS agak kewalahan dalam menghadapi keampuhan pesawat-pesawat tempur buatan Rusia. Untuk air-to-air combat Vietnam menggunakan MIG-17 dan MiG-19, sementara AS mengandalkan F-4 Phantom-nya. Pesawat AS lainnya yang banyak terlibat dalam perang Vietnam antara lain F-100, OV-10 Bronco, C-123, C-130 dan C-7 Trash Haulers, selain itu digunakan pula F-105, F-111 dan B-52 sebagai pembom.
Pada Perang Vietnam ini pulalah pesawat helikopter meningkat menjadi senjata tempur yang signifikan dengan pengembangan perannya dalam misi-misi observasi, combat tactical transport dan combat medical evacuation.
Tercatat pula dalam perang Vietnam ini, pengembangan pesawat C-47 Dakota yang dipersenjatai senapan mesin kaliber 12,7 mm di ekornya, sangat banyak membantu gerakan pasukan darat di bawah, pesawat ini dikenal kemudian dengan C-47 gun-ship.
Pada perang ini Rusia menggelar 2.300 surface-to-air missiles, ribuan penangkis serangan udara berbagai kaliber serta tidak kurang dari 180 pesawat MiG.
          Vietnam and Laos submit protest against SEA Games draw format   

FAM to discuss with SEA Games organisers to rejig the drawing format after member association submitted protest letters.


          Rare sighting in Laos of mysterious beast (twin-horned saola)   
HANOI (AFP) – One of the world's rarest animals, the secretive and mysterious twin-horned saola, has been seen for the first time in a decade, conservationists say. Villagers in Laos captured a saola in August and took it to their remote community, but it died after a few days in captivity, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) said in a statement. The animal was photographed before its death, the first confirmed record since 1999 when pictures of wild saola were taken by automatic cameras in Laos, said IUCN, a Swiss-based network of scientists and environmental organisations. No biologist...
          Mina jään - aga miks Tallinnas?   
Väljavõte Postimehe veebist.

Üldlaulupeod on minus juba tükimat aega tekitanud vastumeelsust ja ma pole aru saanud, millest see tuleb. Mul pole midagi laulmise vastu, olen ise kooris laulnud aastaid ja käinud laulupidudel. Aga mingi vastikus on tekkinud seoses laulupidudega viimasel ajal.

Seni ei saanud aru, millest see vastikus tuleb. Kuni välja mõtlesin. Mind häirib see, et neid suuri laulupidusid korraldatakse Tallinnas. Ja AINULT Tallinnas. Tekib küsimus, miks just Tallinnas?!

Esimene laulukoor loodi Kambjas 1794. aastal, 223 aastat tagasi. Esimene suur laulupidu toimus 1869. aastal Tartus. Aga millegipärast korraldatakse nüüd suuri laulupidusid ainult Tallinnas.

Ma saan aru, et paljude laste ja isegi täiskasvanute jaoks on see võibolla ainus võimalus pealinna külastada, ja Tartu lastel on vahva Tallinna koolides madratsi peal magada ning võimla rööbaspuudel oma vettinud riideid kuivatada ja jahedas koolimajas teki all lõdiseda - aga ikkagi - miks ainult Tallinn. Miks on just Kambja ja Tartu lapsed need, kes peavad iga kord, aastast aastasse, kümnendist kümnendisse, sajandist sajandisse Tallinna võimlates madratsi peal magama, sel ajal kui Tallinna lapsed saavad olla kodus. Miks peavad Kambja ja Tartu lapsevanemad, kel palgad Tallinna omadest mitu korda väiksemad, sõitma riigi teise otsa vaatama, kuidas nende lapsed esinevad, samas kui Tallinna omad saavad sõita kohale bussiga ja lausa tasuta?!

Ma vaatan, nutuklimp kurgus, kuidas Eesti piirkonnad tühjaks jäävad, kasvõi seesama Kambja, sel ajal kui Tallinn kasvab ja paisub. Ma mõistan, miks laulupidusid hakati kunagi Tallinnas korraldama - sest Tallinn oli saksa linn ja laulupidu oli eestlaste ja eestluse manifestatsioon. See oli õigustatud ka nõukogude ajal, kui rahvas sai Tallinnas resideeruvatele parteituusadele näidata, et on ühtne. Aga mida või kellele manifesteerib eesti rahvas Tallinnas nüüd?!

Tegelikult on igas Eesti maakonnas sobivaid kohti, kus korraldada nii laulu- kui tantsupidusid. Mõned kohad on võibolla natuke kulunud ja vajaks kohendamist, aga miks ei võiks see ollagi võimalus neile kohtadele uuesti elu sisse puhuda.

Eriti piinlik on laulu- ja tantsupidu Tallinnas korraldada deviisiga „Mina jään”, kui tegelikult on Eestis tallinnaseerumine suurim probleem, see on nagu kasvaja, mis tervet riiki laastab ja laostab. Ma ütlen ausalt - Eestis pole enam tööd inimestele mujal kui Tallinnas. Nii see paraku on. Kuhu neil noortel on jääda?! Ja kui juba kodukohast lahkuma peab, siis valivad paljud noored oma töö- ja elukohaks mõne välisriigi. See on karm reaalsus täna kahjuks.
          "Flu Burung"   
1. Pendahuluan

Penyakit flu burung atau flu unggas (Bird Flu, Avian Influenza) adalah suatu penyakit menular yang disebakan oleh virus influenza tipe A dan ditularkan oleh unggas. Penyakit flu burung yang disebabkan oleh virus Avian Influenza jenis H5N1 pada unggas di konfermasikan telah terjadi di Korea, Vietnam, Jepang, Thailand, Kamboja, Taiwan, Laos, China, Indonesia dan Pakistan.

Pada Januari 2004 di beberapa propinsi di Indonesia terutama Bali, Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur dan Kalimantan Barat terjadi kematian unggas yang luar biasa yang di akibatkan oleh flu burung, Kemudian awal September 2005 di laporkan bahwa Kebun Binatang Ragunan juga di tutup karena beberapa unggasnya positif terserang Flu Burung.

Kehebohan ini bertambah ketika wabah tersebut menyebabkan sejumlah manusia juga meninggal dunia, menurut data Depkes sampai dengan akhir September 2005 tercatat 42 orang diketahui positif mengidap penyakit flu burung dan di laporkan 6 diantaranya telah meninggal dunia. Badan Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) menyatakan, kasus flu burung di Asia Tenggara adalah sudah mencapai status waspada penularan antar manusia atau Pandemic Alert. Dari data WHO dilaporkan sudah 42 orang di Indonesia dicurigai terserang flu burung dan 10 orang diantaranya dilaporkan sudah positif.

Menteri Kesehatan Siti Fadilah Supari menyatakan setengah dari 120 kasus flu burung di Asia dapat di sembuhkan dan kembali ke tengah masyarakat. Menurut Steven Bjorge (Perwakilan WHO untuk Indonesia), WHO dan Australia akan kembali mendatangkan bantuan 40 ribu Box Tamiflu(obat penyembuhan gejala awal flu burung)

Melihat kenyataan ini seyogyanya masyarakat tidak perlu panik dengan adanya kasus flu burung di Indonesia, tetapi harus tetap waspada terutama bagi kelompok yang beresiko karena kita tidak bisa memungkiri virus ini telah menginfeksi manusia.


2. Penyebab
Penyebab flu burung adalah virus influenza tipe A. Virus influenza termasuk famili Orthomyxoviridae. Virus influenza tipe A dapat berubah-rubah bentuk (Drift, Shift), dan dapat menyebabkan epidemic dan pandemic. Berdasarkan sub tipenya terdiri dari Hemaglutinin (H) dan Neuramidase (N). Kedua huruf ini digunakan sebagai identifikasi kode subtipe flu burung yang banyak jenisnya.

Pada manusia hanya terdapat jenis H1N1, H2N2, H3N3, H5N1, H9N2, H1N2, H7N7. Sedangkan pada binatang H1-H5 dan N1-N9. Strain yang sangat ganas/virulen dan menyebabkan flu burung adalah dari subtipe A H5N1. Virus tersebut dapat bertahan Hidup di air sampai 4 hari pada suhu 22 oC dan lebih dari 30 hari pada suhu 0 oC. Virus ini akan mati pada pemanasan 60 oC selama 30 menit atau 56 oC selama 3 jam dan dengan detergent, desinfektan misalnya formalin, serta cairan yang mengandung iodine.

3. Gejala Klinis
Gejala flu burung dapat dibedakan antara pada unggas dan manusia:
a. Gejala pada unggas:

· Jengger berwarna biru
· Borok di kaki
· Kematian mendadak

b. Gejala pada manusia:
· Demam ( suhu badan di atas 38 oC)
· Batuk dan nyeri tenggorokan
· Radang saluran pernafasan
· Pneumonia
· Infeksi mata
· Nyeri otot

4. Masa Inkubasi
a. Pada Unggas : 1 minggu
b.
Pada manusia : 1-3 hari, masa infeksi 1 hari sebelum sampai 3-5 hari sesudah timbul gejala, pada anak sampai 21 hari.

5. Penularan
Flu burung menular dari unggas ke unggas, dan dari unggas ke manusia, melalui liur, lendir dari hidung dan feces. Penyakit ini dapat menular dari udara yang tercemar virus H5N1 yang berasal dari kotoranatau sekreta burung/unggas yang menderita flu burung. Penularan dari unggas ke manusia juga dapat terjadi jika bersinggungan langsung dengan unggas yang terinfeksi flu burung. Badan Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) menyatakan, kasus flu burung di Asia Tenggara adalah sudah mencapai status waspada penularan antar manusia atau Pandemic Alert.

6. Pencegahan
a. Pada Unggas :

· Pemusnahan unggas/burung yang terinfeksi flu burung
· Vaksinasi pada unggas yang sehat

b. Pada manusia :
1. Kelompok beresiko tinggi (Pekerja peternakan dan pedagang)
- Mencuci tangan dengan desinfektan dan mandi sehabis bekerja
-
Hindari kontak langsung dengan ayam atau unggas yang positif terserang flu burung
- Menggunakan alat pelindung diri (masker dan pakaian kerja)
- Meninggalkan pakaian kerja di tempat kerja
- Membersihkan kotoran unggas setiap hari
- Imunisasi

2. Masyarakat Umum :
- Menjaga daya tahan tubuh dengan memakan makanan bergizi dan istirahat cukup
-
Mengolah unggas dengan cara yang benar yaitu : pilih unggas yang sehat, memasak daging ayam dengan suhu 80 oC selama 1 menit dan pada telur dengan suhu 64 oC selama 4,4 menit.


7. Pengobatan
Pengobatan bagi penderita flu burung adalah :
a. Oksigenasi bila terdapat sesak nafas
b.
Hidrasi dengan pemberian cairan parenteral (infus)
c. Pemberian obat anti virus oseltamivir 75 mg dosis tunggal selama 7 hari
d. Amantadin diberikan pada awal infeksi, sedapat mungkin dalam waktu 48 jam pertama selama 3-5 hari dengan dosis 5 mg/ Kg BB perhari dibagi dalam 2 dosis. Bila Berat Badan lebih dari 45 Kg debirikan 100 mg 2 kali sehari.Sekarang tersedia dalam merek paten yang sedang di sebarluskan oleh pemerintah yaitu Tamiflu, sayangnya obat ini masih harus di import dari Hongkong dan Australia.

8. Kebijakan Pemerintah
Dalam rangka mengatasi dapat yang ditimbulkan oleh flu burung, Pemerintah Indonesia telah mengambil beberapa kebijakan, diantaranya adalah sebagai berikut :
a. Memberikan kompensasi bagi peternakan rakyat selama 6 bulan dari 19 januari 30 Juli 2004 berupa DOC dan pakan.
b.
Memusnahkan semua unggas dan ternak termasuk babi yang terserang.
c. Mengadakan vaksinasi bagi ayam atau unggas yang masih sehst.
d. Melakukan tindakan biosekuriti (pengawasan secaraketat terhadap lalu lintas unggas, produk unggas, dan limbah peternakan unggas), untuk daerah yang bebas flu burung.

Kemudian pada tanggal 21 September 2005 Presiden SBY menyampaikan 6 Butir Instruksi Kebijakan dalam rangka mencegah penyebaran flu burung yaitu :
a. Langkah cepat dan tepat menangani unggas dan manusia yang terkontaminasi
b.
Mencegah perluasan wabah denga menlokalisasi dan upaya preventif
c. Pemanfaatan dana dari tiap departemen untuk pencegahan dan pengobatan berapa pun di butuhkan
d. Sosialisasi ke masayarakat untuk mencegah merebaknya virus
e. Membentuk forum khusus flu burung agar ada sinergi
f. Kerja sama dengan negara-negara lain dan komunitas internasional dari segi anggaran, pengalaman dan ahli.

Menteri Kesehatan Siti Fadilah Supari telah menetapkan flu burung sebagai Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB) Nasional, dan melakukan beberapa tindakan diantaranya dengan menetapkan 44 rumah sakit rujukan di seluruh Indonesia dan menunjuk RSPI Sulianti Saroso dan RS. Persahabatan Jakarta sebagai rumah sakit rujukan nasional.Selain itu biaya pengobatan pasien yang diduga tersererang flu burung di tanggung sepenuhnya oleh pemerintah, termasuk pemeriksaan sample darah dan rawat inap.



Daftar Pustaka
1. Deptan RI, Ditjen Bina Produksi, Direktorat Kesehatan Hewan, (2004), Aspek Veteriner dan Epidemiologi Avian Influenza.
2.
Depkes RI, Ditjen Penelitian dan Pengembangan, (2004), Flu Burung.
3. WHO,www.who.int/csr/avianinluenza/country/cases_table_2004_02_12/en/,Confirmed Human Cases of Avian Influenza A (H5N1).
4.
Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi FKUI-RS. Persahabatan (2004), Priyanti Z. Soepandi, Influensa Burung pada Manusia. 
          Griechenland IV: Eindrücke von Kassandra   
Irgendwann mieteten wir uns auch einen Wagen. Eine sehr kluge Entscheidung. Kassandras "Zipfel" ist wirklich wunderschön. Hier einige Eindrücke.

Ekklisia Agios Nikolaos

Die Kirche von innen

Einer der schönsten Ausblicke meines Lebens... mit der Kamera nicht einzufangen. Vielleicht stelle ich ein Vidoe online?



Ameisenstraße

Eine Bucht bei Loutra


Kalandra

Biergarten Kalandra

Streuner die Schatten suchen

einsame Strände bei Kalandra




Der Hafen von Nea Skioni

Nea Skioni


Kapelle an der höchsten Stelle

Abkürzung quer durch die Insel






Übrigens: Wir hatten zwei Begegnungen mit Schlangen, allerdings als wir im Wagen saßen. Haben uns trotzdem erschrocken.



          Ο Φθιώτιδος Νικόλαος με τους Ομαδάρχες των Κατασκηνώσεων   

Σύναξη με τους ομαδάρχες των κατασκηνώσεων πραγματοποίησε το πρωί της Παρασκευής 30 Ιουνίου στην αίθουσα εκδηλώσεων ο Σεβασμιώτατος Μητροπολίτης μας κ. Νικόλαος, εν όψει της κατασκηνωτικής περιόδου, η οποία ξεκινάει αύριο 1 Ιουλίου.

The post Ο Φθιώτιδος Νικόλαος με τους Ομαδάρχες των Κατασκηνώσεων appeared first on ΔΟΓΜΑ.


          LES COURSES JUSQU'AU 6 JUILLET   

LOGOTT.jpg

TROPHEE DES AS

DIMANCHE 2 JUILLET

SAINT-GEORGES-D’ORQUES : 17 h (capelado 16 h 30), 12 €
CT Le Trident, dél. Gil. Chr. MALI

Trophée 3 M - Trophée Michel-Laurens

Guillierme : ESTEPOUS - Ricard : BRACONNIER - Le Ternen : MUIRON

Blatière-Bessac : CANIO - Le Grand Salan : PERILLE

Sylvéréal : CATIGO - Vellas : SULTAN (hp)

Groupe 1 - Coef. 1 - Raseteurs : Aliaga, Bouhargane, Ciacchini, Katif
Rassir, Vic, Zekraoui

CHATEAURENARD : 17 h, 12 €, TAC, dél. Servais. Chr. ERIC AUPHAN

Trophée des Maraîchers (3e j.) - Cuillé : MIGNON - Saumade : BAUCIS

Blatière-Bessac : IVANHOE - La Vidourlenque : CAMAI

Vinuesa : BAYLE - Cyr : LAOS - Le Rousty : MOKA (hp)

Groupe 1 - Coef 1,5 - Raseteurs : Auzolle, I.Benafitou, Cadenas

Errik, M. Favier, Four, Marquis, Poujol

LUNDI 3 JUILLET

ARLES : 17 h 30, 14 €, SAS Ludi, dél. Niguet. Chr. ESTEVAN

85e Cocarde d’Or - Lautier : CARDINAL - Rouquette : ULYSSE

Chauvet : COLVERT - Gillet : GREGAU - Blatière-Bessac : SISLEY

Caillan : TASTAIRE - Saint-Antoine : SAINT-VINCENT

Groupe 1 - Coef. 1,5 - Ouvert aux raseteurs des trois groupes.
Tourneurs : Elberack, Cuallado, Moulin, J. Dumas, Khaled, Beaujard, Lopez

Arnel, Jockin, A. Perez

TROPHEE AVENIR/ESPOIR

DIMANCHE 2 JUILLET

AIGUES-VIVES : 16 h 30, 9 €, com. d’animation, dél.Mouillor. Chr. E. M.

Finale du Sarment d’Or - Nicollin : JOURDAN - Félix : PILOU

Saumade : TOURTOULEN - La Vidourlenque : CRUCHOT

Saint-Pierre : TANGO - Paulin : MALRAUX - Cuillé : APTEL (hp)

Gr. 3 - Raseteurs : Chahboune, Belgourari, Bruschet, Clarion, Félix, Oudjit, Vaccaresse

 

TROPHEE AVENIR/HONNEUR

SAMEDI 1ER JUILLET

VILLENEUVE-LES-MAGUELONE : 16 h 30, 9 €, Section taurine,
dél. Batifort. Chr. SAINT-HILAIRE

12e Trophée de la Vigne et des Etangs (3e j.)

La Galère : LOU MAZET -Les Baumelles : ARTEMIS - Ricard : BLISS

Saumade : BECHET - Plo : ARMAGNAC - Paulin : BOLIVAR

Guillierme : AMISTADOUS (hp)

Groupe 2 - Raseteurs : Aliaga, Allouani, Clarion, Y.Martin, Méric, Soler, Vic

VALLABREGUES : 16 h 30, 9 €, CT Lou Vincen, dél.Mazas. Chr. CYRIL

Souvenir Jeannot-Cambi (3e j.) - Lautier : DESIGUAL - PARIGOT

Allard : CHAMAREL - LA RAPE - Cavallini : ROUGET - ARTISTE

Félix : GRASSET (hp)

Groupe 2 - Raseteurs : Allam, Bernard, Bressy, Félix, Guyon, Robert

DIMANCHE 2 JUILLET

MONTFRIN : 16 h 30, 9 €, CT Lou Pougaou, dél.Quiot. Chr. CAMARON

Gland d’Or (4e j.) - Lautier : GERMINAL - Laurent : ARAGON

Gillet : ARGENTIN - Bon : PRIEUR - Ricard : BANDOL - Blanc : FUSTIE

Fabre-Mailhan : KOUROS (hp)

Groupe 2 - Raseteurs : Bernard, Deslys, Fouque, Gaillardet

Moutet, Pradier, Zbiri

LANSARGUES : 16 h 30, 9 €, Comité des fêtes, dél.Garcia. Chr. G. M.

Lautier : SULTAN - Laurent : MARLOU - Bon : VIETO

Plo : TRITON - Félix : VINCENT - Les Termes : FOUGUEUX

Lou Pantai : CALABRUN (hp)

Groupe 2 - Raseteurs : Brunel, Jourdan, Y.Martin, Méric

Michelier, Robert, Ortiz, Sanchez

ENTRESSEN : 17 h, 9 €, CTPR, dél. Borg. Chr. CHRISTOPHE

La Galère : FARFADET - RIO GRANDE - Agu : MEMPHIS - SOCRATE

Chapelle : AMPHITRYON - SPHINX

Groupe 2 - Raseteurs : Bressy, Ferriol, Jaubert, Lopez

D. Martinez, Matéo, Maurel

LIGUES

VENDREDI 30 JUIN

AIGUES-VIVES : 16 h 30, gratuit, comité d’animation, dél. Mouillor. Manades Saint-Pierre, Saumade, Fabre-Mailhan. Raseteurs : Aboulghazy, F. Garcia, Molina, Lassere, Cugnière-Tourreau. Tourneurs : Joseph, Ruiz.

SAINT-MATHIEU-DE-TREVIERS : 17 h, gratuit, CT Le Saint-Loup, dél. Dumas.Manades Rambier, Quet, Lafon. Raseteurs : Ortega, Viscomi, Laurier, Sola, Manade. Tourneurs : Lebrun, Castel.

NOVES : 17 h, 5 €, CT L’Encierro, dél. AymeManades Saumade, Guilliere, Caillan. Raseteurs : Laurent, Aliaoui, Roux, Okili, Laforest. Tourneurs : Dunan, Lévy.

SAMEDI 1er JUILLET

SAINT-GENIES-DES-MOURGUES : 17 h, 5 €, CT Le Trident, dél. Dumas. Trophée Marcianicus. Manades Paulin, Vitou, Brestalou. Raseteurs : Viscomi, Laurier, Molina, Abbal, Barbie, Cugnière-Tourreau. Tourneurs : Lebrun, Castel.

GENERAC : 15 h 30, 5 €, CT Lou Racanel, dél. Castagnier.Manades Ricard, Martini, Cuillé. Raseteurs : Pinter, Gautier, Mulot, Ortega, Sola, Manade.

CAVAILLON : 16 h 30, 5 €, CT Cavaillonnais, dél.Ravoux. Manades Layalle, Navarro, Guillierme. Raseteurs : Danna, Roux, Aliaouui, F. Garcia, Coquel, Roustain. Tourneurs : Levy, Dunan.

MERCREDI 5 JUILLET

REMOULINS : 17 h, 5 €, Union taurine, dél. Castagnier. Manades Didelot-Langlade, Fournier, Guillierme. Raseteurs : F. Garcia, Aliaoui, Benhammou, Lassre, Okili, Cugnière-Tourreau. Tourneurs : P.Rado, Toureau.

ARLES : 17 h 30, 11 €, SAS Ludi, dél. Mouiren. Manades La Galère, Blanc, Paulin. Raseteurs : Roustain, Viscomi, Laurent, Laurier, Molina, Roux, Sola, Manade. Tourneurs : Dunan, Salinesi.

JEUDI 6 JUILLET

VALLABREGUES : 17 h, 5 €, CT Lou Vincen, dél.Molinié. Manades Daumas, Les Baumelles. Raseteurs : Mengual, Ortega, Lassere, Okili, Danna, Laforest. Tourneurs : Dunan, Beaujard.

COURSES HORS TROPHEE

VENDREDI 30 JUIN

ALLEINS : 21 h 30, 8 €, CT Le Bastidon, dél. Rachtan. Etalons et étalons neufs de Gillet, Le Juge. Groupe 2. Raseteurs : Lafare, Matéo, Maurel, Moine, L. Garcia.

GRAVESON : 22 h, 8 €, CT Lou biou gravesounen, dél.Niguet. Etalons des manades Caillan, Chapelle, Les Baumelles, La Galère, Le Joncas, Saint-Antoine, Cuillé, Lautier. Groupe 2. Raseteurs : Aliaoui, Boudouin, Boyer, Charnelet, Gautier, Pinter.

SAMEDI 1er JUILLET

AIGUES-VIVES : 16 h 30, gratuit, comité d’animation, dél.Mouillor. Etalons jeunes de Félix, Occitane, Nicollin, Cuillé. Groupe 2. Raseteurs : Alarcon, Caizergues, Charnelet, Fougère, Gougeon, Vacaresse.

MARDI 4 JUILLET

CHATEAURENARD : 17 h, 8 €, Union taurine, dél. Bressy.Taureaux jeunes des manades Saumade, Fabre-Mailhan, Cuillé, Laurent. Groupe 2. Raseteurs : Caizergues, Charnelet, Fouque, Gougeon, Rodriguez, Vacaresse, Zbiri.

JEUDI 6 JUILLET

AIMARGUES : 17 h 30, 6 €, comité des fêtes, dél. Louche. Taureaux jeunes en promotion de Blatière-Bessac, Saumade, Cuillé. Raseteurs : Clarion, Fouque, Y. Martin, Ortiz, Sanchez.

RODILHAN : 21 h, gratuit, CT Aficion, dél.Fabre. Etalons des manades Orgonens, Vinuesa, Hervas. Groupe 2. Raseteurs : Charnelet, L.Garcia, Gougeon, Matéo, Moine, Y.Perez.


          Long time no see... Back to blogging...   
Thailand, Cambodia, Laos mix 2016. 














All Photos on this blog, copyright Dj-ingen photography 2016!

          Actualités OVNI Paris Juillet 2017   
Ma dernière édition des actualités OVNI Paris - Nikolaos Koulis 

Chers lecteurs et lectrices, je vous annonce mon départ du groupe d’organisateurs des conférences OVNI Paris. Nous sommes actuellement en train de discuter entre nous, avec les nouveaux membres de notre équipe  pour déterminer la meilleure personne à reprendre ce rôle. Les actualités OVNI Paris continueront parce qu’il y a des informations à suivre tout le temps, le dossier est accablant. Les actualités que je sélectionne mensuellement, ne représentent qu’une infime partie de ce qui se passe en réalité sur notre monde.

J’ai occupé le poste de sélectionneur et présentateur des actualités ufologiques dans plusieurs équipes depuis 2010 avec les Repas Ufologiques parisiens, puis avec Meeting OVNI qui a été créé après la rupture avec l’association Les Repas Ufologiques à cause de conflits heureusement dépassés actuellement. Enfin à partir de 2012, les soirées OVNI Paris sont nées en continuant d’abord la formule des Repas Ufologiques, puis avec la fermeture des Comptoirs Casino notre ancien lieu de rencontre, nous avons fini par trouver une salle équipée et aménagée pour des conférences à la Maison des Mines ! Je crois que maintenant la qualité de nos conférences est nettement meilleure et plus appropriée pour traiter du phénomène OVNI.

Au fil des années, dans ma recherche d’informations, d’articles, de vidéos etc. sérieux, je suis tombé sur nombre de cas où on ne peut simplement pas savoir si c’est vrai ou non car il y a tellement d’éléments inconnus, pour lesquels nous n’avons pas de repères, qu’on reste toujours avec un point d’interrogation dans la tête. J’ai  aussi trouvé nombre d’articles et d’informations de qualité et d’importance énorme, méritant des recherches sérieuses par des experts et les investissements nécessaires pour faire cela. Par exemple Klaus Dona, c’est un monsieur tout à fait scientifique dans son parcours professionnel et dans son discours. Toutefois, on en voit rien dans les grands médias, et ses découvertes n’ont toujours pas suscité assez d’attention ni du secteur publique ni du secteur privé. Et cela continuera ainsi pour encore du temps,  j’imagine.

Entretemps, moi, je m’arrête avec mes activités dans le domaine ufologique. Je n’ai plus besoin ni soif d’encore d’informations, je sais qu’il y aura une Divulgation ou une émergence de la vérité à un moment donné. C’est inéluctable. Reste à savoir quand et comment.
Moi, je n’ai plus envie de chercher au cas par cas, cela ne m’intéresse plus ; sauf si c’est un « grand cas » du genre Phoenix Lights. Après nombre d’expériences décevantes et frustrantes dans le domaine de l’ufologie, je préfère me retirer. Le sujet n’avance pas, si ce n’est pas à la vitesse d’un paresseux ! Ca va prendre encore du temps.

Je vous souhaite tous une bonne continuation dans vos recherches et votre partage d’informations ufologiques.


Anonymous: «La NASA dit que les aliens arrivent!»

L'agence spatiale américaine s'apprête à annoncer la découverte d'une vie extraterrestre douée d'intelligence. C'est du moins ce qu'affirme Anonymous, qui se base sur les récentes avancées de la NASA et sur différentes déclarations, écrit «The Independent». Sur son site internet, le collectif de hackers y va franco: «La NASA dit que les extraterrestres arrivent!», peut-on lire dans un texte publié le 20 juin dernier.

Anonymous, célèbre pour ses attaques informatiques et ses piratages à vocation politique, a été interpellé par les déclarations de Thomas Zurbuchen, astrophysicien et responsable adjoint de la Direction des missions scientifiques de la NASA.

…«Au vu de toutes les différentes activités et missions dédiées à la recherche de preuves d’une vie extraterrestre, nous sommes sur le point de faire l’une des plus profondes et inédites découvertes dans l’histoire». 



Non, la NASA n’a pas (encore) trouvé de vie extraterrestre

Un article publié par Mike Wall, sur Space.com le 26 juin
La NASA ne se prépare pas à annoncer   l’existance de la vie extraterrestre(qui ferait l’effet d’une bombe), malgré ce que vous avez peut-être entendu.
La vidéo anonyme ne se concentre pas sur les documents piratés, mais plutôt sur le témoignage que Zurbuchen a rendu en avril lors d’une audience du Comité des sciences, de l’espace et de la technologie de la Chambre des représentants. (La vidéo de 12 minutes porte également sur d’autres sujets, y compris les sept planètes de la taille de la Terre qui encerclent l’étoile TRAPPIST-1 et plusieurs observations d’OVNI supposées.)

Au cours de l’audience du 26 avril, appelée «Avances dans la recherche de la vie», Zurbuchen a exposé les progrès réalisés par la NASA dans la recherche de la vie dans le cosmos. Il a cité, entre autres, les milliers d’exoplanètes repérées par le télescope spatial Kepler de l’agence, la découverte récente d’hydrogène dans les geysers qui soufflent du pôle sud de la lune Encelade de Saturne et la détection possible des panaches de vapeur d’eau émanant du Satellite Jovien  Europa.


Vous pouvez regarder l’audience du 26 avril et lire le témoignage déposé par Zurbuchen ici: https://science.house.gov/legislation/hearings/full-committee-hearing-advances-search-life


Royaume Uni : la Royal Air Force détecte un ovni pendant 7h sans intervenir

Un ovni a été détecté sur le radar militaire pendant sept heures au-dessus du secteur de The Wash le 5 octobre 1996, dans la célèbre station balnéaire de Skegness en Angleterre.

Mais les fonctionnaires ont été invités à ne pas agir, selon un document choquant extrait des archives britanniques sur les ovnis.

La Royal Air Force a totalement ignoré les étranges lumières (rouge, bleu et blanc) malgré la présence de nombreux témoins.

Le ministère de la Défense a été vivement critiqué pour n’avoir absolument pas réagi et potentiellement risquer la vie de ces citoyens.

« La RAF est censée surveiller attentivement les activités aériennes au Royaume-Uni, mais ils n’avaient aucune idée de ce qui se passait à ce moment-là », a déclaré le Michael Portillo, secrétaire d'État à la Défense (1995-1997), qui s’est fortement intéressé à cet incident.

Les rapports de lumières étranges ont fait la une de nombreuses émissions de télévision à l'époque.
 « La version officielle fut que l’écho radar était le fruit d’un phénomène atmosphérique, sauf que le phénomène a bien était observé visuellement par des témoins, y compris des policiers. »



APPEL A TEMOINS... Vous avez vu aussi cet Ovni ?

Ovni, UFO.Tarn " Appell à témoins " Lundi soir le 5 juin 2017 au sud de Castres dans le département du Tarn, entre 22h20 et 22h30 un phénomène très lumineux est apparut sur les hauteurs de la montagne .

J'ai cru que c'était une lanterne thaïlandaise mais l'intensité de lumière était différente. Sur la seconde partie on peut voir autre chose d'intéressant qui questionne ?
je met deux vidéos de ce soir là en couleur et en vision nocturne pour la seconde . Je ne voyait plus ce phénomène en vision directe .
N’hésitez pas à laisser vos témoignages ou commentaires .
Merci.".



Un phénomène extra ordinaire ?

Après la dame blanche apparue il y a quelques jours à un conducteur dans le Tarn, cette fois-ci, c'est le ciel bigourdan qui a offert un spectacle inhabituel et pour le moins insolite. Serait-ce un ovni ou un phénomène atmosphérique naturel ? Denis Roger, qui a pu observer le phénomène depuis son appartement de Bagnères-de-Bigorre, s'interroge. Au point qu'il a aussitôt informé le CNES de Toulouse pour obtenir une quelconque explication.

«Le 22 mai au soir, j'étais à ma fenêtre et je regardais le ciel, direction Tarbes. Il était assez dégagé. À 21 h 35, une traînée lumineuse, comme celle produite par un avion, est apparue dans le ciel, vers Montgaillard. Le déplacement était lent, de la gauche vers la droite et horizontalement», relate Denis qui, pourtant, n'est pas un inconditionnel des phénomènes paranormaux. «C'est la première fois que je vois un phénomène pareil. Paranormal ? Je ne sais pas. C'est peut-être naturel. J'aimerais bien savoir ce que c'était», nous confie-t-il.

…Le soir même, il a contacté la gendarmerie de Tarbes puis, le lendemain matin, il est allé à la gendarmerie de Bagnères, photo à l'appui, pour savoir si un avion aurait pu avoir une difficulté. «On m'a dit qu'aucun incident n'a été signalé ce soir-là. J'ai averti le Geipan à Toulouse et envoyé les photos.» Une première réponse lui est parvenue hier soir, faisant part d'un «témoignage très intéressant» que les scientifiques devraient analyser de plus près.



Une «téléportation» d'ovnis capturée en vidéo au Mexique

Tous les fans d'ovnis du Mexique devraient marquer sur leur calendrier la date du 13 avril: ce jour-là, ils ont pu contempler un vrai spectacle dans les airs que certains ont immortalisé en vidéo. « La "téléportation" d'un vaisseau alien, les ovnis entrant dans un autre univers ? », s'interroge l'auteur de la vidéo. C'est du moins ce qu'il semble.

La vidéo montre clairement un objet bleu qui « se promène » dans les airs durant plusieurs minutes. Ensuite, un portail de forme rectangulaire « s'ouvre » et le « vaisseau » disparait. Illusion d'optique, vidéomontage ou passage d'un vaisseau ovni ? L'avenir nous le dira, peut-être.



Bigelow Aerospace founder says commercial world will lead in space

There's a new space race and it's not between the U.S. and Russia. It's between private companies and it's attracted multimillionaires and billionaires, like Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos. A less likely player is Las Vegas real-estate tycoon, Robert Bigelow, who, at 73, is making the biggest gamble of his life -- not on rockets -- but on expandable spacecraft, large, lightweight structures that inflate in space, a technology that could dramatically change how humans live and work in zero gravity.
Under 80-foot ceilings at his company in Las Vegas, he showed us his next generation plans for outer space. He calls this the Olympus, a mansion for the skies. It's so large the rocket powerful enough to launch it is still years away.
Lara Logan: Is there anything this big that astronauts are working in today?
Robert Bigelow: No, nothing even remotely close.
Bigelow said he can turn this into anything a client wants -- a first-ever orbiting hotel, hospital or inflatable research facility. The B330 is smaller than the Olympus. This is what it would look like if it were used as a space station.
Lara Logan: This can function on its own?
Robert Bigelow: Well, it can function as a standalone destination because it has all the facilities that it would take to keep people alive.
Lara Logan: Do you believe in aliens?
Robert Bigelow: I'm absolutely convinced. That's all there is to it.
Lara Logan: Do you also believe that UFOs have come to Earth?
Robert Bigelow: There has been and is an existing presence, an ET presence. And I spent millions and millions and millions -- I probably spent more as an individual than anybody else in the United States has ever spent on this subject.  
Lara Logan: Is it risky for you to say in public that you believe in UFOs and aliens?
Robert Bigelow: I don't give a damn. I don't care.
Lara Logan: You don't worry that some people will say, "Did you hear that guy, he sounds like he's crazy"?
Robert Bigelow: I don't care.
Lara Logan: Why not?
Robert Bigelow: It's not gonna make a difference. It's not gonna change reality of what I know.
Lara Logan: Do you imagine that in our space travels we will encounter other forms of intelligent life?
Robert Bigelow: You don't have to go anywhere.
Lara Logan: You can find it here? Where exactly?
Robert Bigelow: It's just like right under people's noses. Oh my gosh. Wow.
The FAA confirmed to us that for years, it referred reports of UFOs and other unexplained phenomena to a company Bigelow owns. He told us he's had his own close encounters, but declined to go into detail.  



Roswell: 70th anniversary and alleged new witness

The new book UFOs TODAY – 70 Years of Lies, Misinformation and Government Cover-Ups by Irena Scott PhD contains an amount of controversial and thought provoking information as the title of the book might suggest. If I were a gambling man I would bet on one piece of information in this book being the most controversial within its pages. With it being the 70th anniversary of the Roswell Incident, an event that many claim was the crash of a space vehicle from an ET origin, the news that an alleged new witness emerging might not be that big a surprise.

The Roswell File and Charles H. Forgus.
In 2012, I was contacted by a gentleman called Scott Ferguson. Scott was part of a production company called White Tiger Films. He explained to me that he had some information on the Roswell Incident that he would like me to take a look at. I had first to sign a non-disclosure agreement which I did.  Once this was signed I was sent what Scott called his ‘Roswell File’. He was looking to possibly make a movie based around this file and asked if I could help research the alleged witness. I of course agreed. The ‘Roswell File’ consisted of a transcript of an interview with the alleged witness Charles H. Forgus, a video interview with him and a photo as well. The story of how White Tiger Films obtained this material is I would say quite unique.

The witness to the Roswell crash scene was Deputy Sheriff Charles H Fogus of Howard County, Texas. He was interviewed in 1999 by Los Angeles private investigator Deanna Short. Deanna recorded the interview on video and later had a transcript done of the interview and completed her Agency report to verify facts at that time related to Charles Forgus and Sheriff Jess Slaughter – both of Howard County, Texas.

Sheriff Jess Slaughter and Deputy Sheriff Charles Fogus were allegedly travelling together in early July, 1947 from Texas to Roswell to pick up a prisoner when they happened on the Roswell crash scene in New Mexico. Both were there and were on an overlook to view the crash scene recovery by the Army.  I should note that according to Deanna’s daughter Mackenzie, Charles made a special effort to note to Deanna “not to believe what others will say – he and the Sheriff did witness the Roswell crash scene”.



Image of strange blue orb over Merrimack, New Hampshire confuse witnesses

Trish Wilson sent in the above photo to NH1 News asking, "What is this?" NH1 meteorologists took a look at the photo and said it looked like some sort of refraction of light from the sun interacting with the clouds.

Along with NH1 News, Wilson also sent the photo over to UFO Sightings Hotspot. They said the object was most likely a lens flare, pointing out that it looks very similar to one captured on a NASA camera on June 11. It can be seen in the video below around the 31 minute mark, reports NH1 News.

Indeed, I have discussed with Trish about this sighting and as NH1 News reported, in my opinion rather than a UFO sighting the blue orb is a typically lens flare, characteristic by the white dots visible especially in these kind of lens flares.



10 Red-Orange Objects Fly SSE & Simultaneously Vanish – Cocoa, Florida

I saw approximately 10 glowing red orange objects moving slowly (10 to 15 MPH) South-Southeast parallel to I-95. The objects appeared to be East of I-95 by 100 yards or so. The objects turned due East for 2 minutes and then vanished all at the same point. There was one trail vehicle behind the others and it took the same path as the others, but it stayed in the area an extra 2 minutes. It also vanished shortly after turning due East. Note there had been a Brush fire earlier at approximately 5:00 PM and the objects could have been from that, but it sure seemed odd that something could stay aloft that long and be on fire. I am not sure what they were, but it was very odd. There was no noise and the event lasted about 5 minutes. I have video of the trail object.

… I spoke with people at work and another lady saw two of them back near that area at around 9:00 PM the same night. She has a receipt from Burger King that is time stamped. She will confirm the 9:00 PM second sighting of two of them. Also it was very windy and dry with brush fire warnings out so it would need to be an idiot if they sent fire up in a lantern. My videos suck…



UFO sightings on the rise in Philly and PA: ‘I realized it wasn’t a plane at all’

So yes, UFO sightings are happening in the area. In Philadelphia, on the Main Line, especially in Bucks County and even at the Art Museum (when Obama was speaking!). And they’re on the rise.
Philadelphia and Pennsylvania have seen an increase in UFO sightings in recent years, following a national trend recently brought to light by the book UFO Sightings Desk Reference, which was reviewed by the New York Times. From 2001 to 2005, Philly had eight or fewer sightings per year, according to statistics from the book. That total has grown to at least 20 per year from 2010 to 2015 (sightings were unusually high in 2008, likely because of increased media coverage of groups that track UFO reports). Pennsylvania had at least 600 sightings per year from 2012 to 2014, after seeing fewer than 200 per year in the early aughts.

“We’re busy here in Pennsylvania,” said Bill Weber, state director for the Pennsylvania branch of the Mutual UFO Network.

You could say the same for Philadelphia, which has two volunteers who investigate every UFO sighting reported to MUFON. They’re not just happening on our outskirts, either. They pop up in well-known areas of Philly.


          251808-2017: Grèce-Agios Nikolaos: Consommables médicaux   
Date de publication: 01/07/2017 | Date limite: 11-09-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          251803-2017: Grèce-Agios Nikolaos: Appareils de suppléance rénale   
Date de publication: 01/07/2017 | Date limite: 04-09-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          Θα λειρουργήσει αστική συγκοινωνία για το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017   

Σήμερα Σάββατο 1η Ιουλίου θα λειτουργήσει η αστική συγκοινωνία από τις 4 το απόγευμα έως τις 9 το βράδυ, προκειμένου να εξυπηρετηθεί το κοινό που θα παρακολουθήσει το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017 στη λίμνη του Αγίου Νικολάου. Η κίνηση θα γίνεται συνεχώς στους κεντρικούς δρόμους και κοντά στα περιφερειακά πάρκινγκ προκειμένου να είναι απρόσκοπτη …

The post Θα λειρουργήσει αστική συγκοινωνία για το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017 appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Η τελευταία σύσκεψη πριν το μεγάλο αθλητικό «ραντεβού»   

Με την επίσημη δίωρη προπόνηση των 19 αθλητών και αθλητριών ξεκίνησε το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017. Η Κρήτη και ο Άγιος Νικόλαος φιλοξενούν το πρώτο αγωνιστικό cliff diving στην Ελλάδα, εντάσσοντας την χώρα στον παγκόσμιο χάρτη του αθλήματος. Πρόκειται για το «Agios Nikolaos Cliff Diving 2017». Που διοργανώνουν Ο Δήμος Αγίου Νικολάου Κρήτης, ο  …

The post Η τελευταία σύσκεψη πριν το μεγάλο αθλητικό «ραντεβού» appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Όλα έτοιμα για το υπερθέαμα του Σαββατοκύριακου στον Άγιο Νικόλαο [VIDEO]   

Πρόγευση για το τι θα επακολουθήσει το Σαββατοκύριακο στον Άγιο Νικόλαο πήραν όσοι βρέθηκαν στη λίμνη το απόγευμα της Παρασκευής για την επίσημη προπόνηση των αθλητών που θα πάρουν μέρος στο Agios Nikolaos Cliff Diving 2017. Το fonien.gr ήταν εκεί και μετέδωσε ζωντανά μεγάλο μέρος της προπόνησης Μια γεύση για το τι θα ακολουθήσει το …

The post Όλα έτοιμα για το υπερθέαμα του Σαββατοκύριακου στον Άγιο Νικόλαο [VIDEO] appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Η 1η μέρα του Agios Nikolaos Cliff Diving 2017 [livestreaming]   

Δείτε στο fonien.gr ζωντανή εικόνα από τη λίμνη του Αγίου Νικολάου και την 1η μέρα του Agiow Nikolaos Cliff Diving 2017

The post Η 1η μέρα του Agios Nikolaos Cliff Diving 2017 [livestreaming] appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Ξεκίνησε το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017 [VIDEO]   

Με την προπόνηση των 20 αθλητών και αθλητριών, ξεκίνησε σήμερα στις 10 το πρωί το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017, το αθλητικό γεγονός του καλοκαιριού στην Κρήτη. Στις 2 το μεσημερι και για μια ώρα οι αθλητές θα δείξουν στα παιδιά που θα είναι στη λίμνη του Αγίου Νικολάου πως να κάνουν ασφαλείς βουτιές. Η …

The post Ξεκίνησε το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017 [VIDEO] appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Σε όλους τους τηλεοπτικούς δέκτες ξανά η περιοχή μας   

Απο του στούντιο του fonien.gr έγινε την φορά αυτή σύνδεση με την εκπομπή της Αντιγόνης Ανδρεάκη στην τηλεόραση CRETA και η παρουσίαση του Agios Nikolaos Cliff Diving 2017. Στο στούντιο μαζί με τον Θάνο Κορομπύλια βρέθηκαν ο αντιδήμαρχος πολιτισμού και αθλητισμού Χάρης Αλεξάκης και το μέλος της ομάδας διάσωσης Κρήτης Μάνος Κοκκίνης.

The post Σε όλους τους τηλεοπτικούς δέκτες ξανά η περιοχή μας appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Προσκλητήριο στο μεγαλύτερο αθλητικό γεγονός του καλοκαιρού   

Με την προπόνηση των 20 αθλητών και αθλητριών, ξεκινά το πρωί της Παρασκευής το Agios Nikolaos Cliff diving 2017, το αθλητικό γεγονός του καλοκαιριού στην Κρήτη. Η προπόνηση ξεκινά στις 10 το πρωί και θα διαρκέσει ένα δίωρο ενώ στις 2 το μεσημέρι και για μια ώρα οι αθλητές θα δείξουν στα παιδιά που θα …

The post Προσκλητήριο στο μεγαλύτερο αθλητικό γεγονός του καλοκαιρού appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Ντροπή τους, καλά δεν τους είδε κανείς;   

Την ώρα που εκατοντάδες άνθρωποι εθελοντές προσπαθούν να αναδείξουν την πόλη μέσα απο το μεγαλύτερο αθλητικό γεγονός το Agios Nikolaos cliff diving 2017 που ξεκινάει την Παρασκευή κάποιοι άλλοι χωρίς δείγμα ντροπής και σεβασμού στον διπλανό τους καταντούν έτσι ένα απο τα κεντρικότερα σημεία του Αγίου Νικολάου. Δεν βρέθηκε κανείς που να τους δεί και …

The post Ντροπή τους, καλά δεν τους είδε κανείς; appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Η Κρήτη μπαίνει στον παγκόσμιο χάρτη του cliff diving   

Προσκλητήριο στους Κρητικούς αλλά και στους ξένους επισκέπτες  να παρακολουθήσουν  από κοντά το «Agios Nikolaos cliff diving 2017» το μεγαλύτερο αθλητικό γεγονός του Καλοκαιριού στην Κρήτη, απεύθυναν σήμερα ο Περιφερειάρχης Κρήτης Σταύρος Αρναουτάκης και ο Δήμαρχος Αγίου Νικολάου Αντώνης Ζερβός.    Η διοργάνωση ξεκινά την Παρασκευή 30 Ιουνίου στις 2 το μεσημέρι με την επίσημη …

The post Η Κρήτη μπαίνει στον παγκόσμιο χάρτη του cliff diving appeared first on fonien.gr.


          Neuer asiatischer Kardinal war drei Jahre im Gefängnis   
Der am Mittwoch zum Kardinal kreierte Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun (73) von Pakse in Laos wurde 1984 wegen "Propaganda für Jesus" eingesperrt. Er hatte in kleinen Dörfern gepredigt, ohne dafür von der kommunistischen Regierung eine Erlaubnis zu besitzen.
Ling war drei Jahre lang "mit Ketten an Armen und Beinen" eingesperrt, berichtet der "Catholic Herald". Die Gefangenschaft war – so der Kardinal – für seine "Bekehrung und Besserung" notwendig.
Bild: Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun, #newsKufzphbokz
          My inspiration, Bill Cunningham, documentary   

Hi Everyone,

If you guys know anything about me is that movies have played a very important role in my life. Dead Poet Society really did change my life. I was afraid to follow my dream in college until I watched that movie. I always wanted to be a fashion designer but thought it was a very unrealistic dream/fantasy. So I went the safe route and majored in Business and went to the University of Houston like most of my sisters. It was easy to transition from high school to college with my sisters and friends. There was no risk or adventure. I was comfortable.

I did well at UH but I was also very miserable and bored. I started skipping accounting classes and study only the night before the test. That is the best and worst thing about a big university you do not have to attend classes and still pass. If you knew me in high school, I was a total nerd, fashionably always but still a nerd at heart. My parents were crazy enough to allow me to skip the whole family U.S. naturalization b/c I wanted perfect attendance. My family used to joke that I was the only alien in the house and I was going to be sent back to Laos. What the hell was I thinking?

My second year at UH was when I realized I really needed to figure out what to do with my life. I was beginning to not really care about my classes. I have always prided myself on being a good student and really embracing learning. Then one day, I went to see, Dead Poet Society.

I needed something in my life to tell me it was "ok" to not follow the norm. I did not have the courage within myself to do so but Robin Willaims did. " Oh Captain, my Captain!" indeed!! I cannot accurately remember if within a few days, weeks or months after watching the movie, I dropped out of UH and enrolled in the H.C.C. Fashion Design Program. I felt so free, alive and happy about my future. Somehow Dead Poet Society gave me the courage I could not muster up myself. Silly to say but I will always be grateful to this movie b/c I would not be where I am without it, " Got to be more, Got to see more, Got to do more"

It has been many years since I watched a movie that has moved me so much but a few months ago, I watched the documentary on Bill Cunningham. Who is he? I cannot explain better than this;

The "Bill" in question is 80 + New York Times photographer Bill Cunningham. For decades, this Schwinn-riding cultural anthropologist has been obsessively and inventively chronicling fashion trends and high society charity soirées for the Times Style section in his columns "On the Street" and "Evening Hours. "We all get dressed for Bill," says Vogue editor Anna Wintour.

For me, Bill is someone who is truly an artist, an artist in the complete and most honest degree. He does not compromise his work for monetary needs, societies approval or personal gains. He truly lives for his art. He exudes such joy b/c this man has never compromised his work. He does sacrifice daily creature comforts but he is surrounded by love and complete respect with anyone that know him or of him. I looked up to him b/c in this day and age there is so much pressure to be financially successful. Money equals success.

He is really such an inspiration. He makes me think about what I really need in life, as a person and as an artist. Doing your work should not always be about financial gain but the joy of it. Back to the basics when there was no pressure to pay the bills, staff and some time to make other people happy. I know it is a balancing act, I could never be like him but I hope to be just a little like him. Creating beautiful things and being happy I am able to live my dream and to continue to create.

I never have gone up to be Bill in person but have seen him many times at NYC Fashion week. He is a staple there. Next, I will and just thank him for being him.

So if you want to see this documentary and walk out of a theater with a big old smile on your face and have tears of pure happiness inspired by Bill, himself. Come join me this Friday, July 8tth at M.F.A.H. at 7pm. There will also be a panel discussion.

Here is the info on the panel.

Post-Screening Event July 8 Only! A panel discussion with Lynn Wyatt, founding chair of M.F.A.H. film committee; designer Chloe Dao; photographer Jay Marroquin, and Luis Soto (Mr. G), co-editor of MetroVelvet.com follows the film. Afterwards the audience is invited to a reception with refreshments generously supplied by Central Market in the museum galleries. Co sponsored by Lot 8 and Fashion Group International Houston.

Did you read Lynn Wyatt will be there to answer your questions? She is truly a fashion icon and such a dynamic lady. I feel a little unworthy to be on the same panel with her.

Here is the link for the tickets for the movie.

http://www.mfah.org/films/bill-cunningham-new-york/

If you cannot make it Friday, the movie is showing on July 15 and 22.

I hope to see you there Friday.


Love Life,

Love Fashion,

Love, Chloe


          Visiting Pencils of Promise in Laos!   
Earlier this year, somewhere after Bali and before South Africa, I stopped over in Laos to see the Pencils of Promise Laos office. While I had a chance to visit Guatemala in 2013, I’ve never been to any of their other communities. Since, I was in the midst of a Southeast Asia jaunt, I thought...  continue reading > 
          PAPA A NOVOS CARDEAIS: JESUS NÃO OS CHAMOU PARA SER PRÍNCIPES NA IGREJA   


Cidade do Vaticano (RV) - “Jesus não os chamou para se tornarem ‘príncipes’ na Igreja, mas para servir como Ele e com Ele.”
 
Foi o que disse o Papa Francisco aos novos membros do Colégio cardinalício na tarde desta quarta-feira (28/06), na Basílica Vaticana, durante o Consistório ordinário público para a criação de cinco novos cardeais, aos quais fez a imposição do barrete, a entrega do anel e a atribuição da diaconia.

Os novos purpurados são os seguintesDom Jean ZerboArcebispo de Bamako (Mali)Dom Juan José Omella OmellaArcebispo de Barcelona (Espanha); Dom Anders ArboreliusBispo de Estoclomo (Suécia)Dom Louis-Marie Ling MangkhanekhounVigário Apostólico de Paksé (Laos)Dom Gregório Rosa ChávezBispo auxiliar de San Salvador (El Salvador).
Na homilia, o Pontífice ateve-se à página do Evangelho pouco antes proclamada (Mc 10, 32-45) – em que Jesus seguia à frente dos discípulos – destacando que a imagem oferecida pelo texto bíblico servia também ao Consistório para a criação de alguns novos cardeais.
Jesus caminha, decididamente, para Jerusalém. “Ao longo do caminho, os próprios discípulos estão distraídos por interesses não condizentes com a ‘direção’ de Jesus, com a sua vontade que se identifica com a vontade do Pai.”
“Por exemplo – ressaltou o Santo Padre – como escutamos, os dois irmãos, Tiago e João, pensam como seria bom sentar-se à direita e à esquerda do rei de Israel (cf. 10, 37). Não olham para a realidade! Pensam que veem e não veem, que sabem e não sabem, que entendem melhor do que os outros e não entendem”, observou.
A realidade, porém, é muito diferente, prosseguiu. “A realidade é a cruz, é o pecado do mundo que veio tomar sobre Si e extirpar da terra dos homens e das mulheres.
A realidade são os inocentes que sofrem e morrem por causa das guerras e do terrorismo; são as escravidões que não cessam de negar a dignidade, mesmo na era dos direitos humanos; a realidade é a dos campos de refugiados, que às vezes lembram mais um inferno do que um purgatório; a realidade é o descarte sistemático de tudo o que já não é útil, incluindo as pessoas.
É isto que Jesus vê, enquanto caminha para Jerusalém, disse ainda Francisco. Também nós caminhamos com Jesus por esta estrada. Dirigindo-se particularmente aos novos cardeais o Papa Foi incisivo:
Jesus ‘segue à frente de vós’ e pede-vos que O sigais decididamente pelo seu caminho. Chama-vos a olhar para a realidade, não vos deixando distrair por outros interesses, por outras perspectivas. Não vos chamou para vos tornardes ‘príncipes’ na Igreja, para vos ‘sentardes à sua direita ou à sua esquerda’. Chama-vos para servir como Ele e com Ele. Para servir ao Pai e aos irmãos.
“Chama-vos a enfrentar, com um procedimento igual ao d’Ele, o pecado do mundo e as suas consequências na humanidade atual. Seguindo-O a Ele, também vós ides à frente do povo santo de Deus, mantendo o olhar fixo na Cruz e na Ressurreição do Senhor”, acrescentou o Santo Padre.
Francisco concluiu convidando-os novos purpurados a invocar com fé o Espírito Santo, “para que preencha toda a distância entre os nossos corações e o coração de Cristo”, disse, “e toda a nossa vida se torne serviço a Deus e aos irmãos”.
Ao término da celebração do Consistório o Santo Padre e os novos cardeais foram até o Mosteiro “Mater Ecclesiae” para encontrar o Papa emérito Bento XVI. De retorno, os cinco purpurados foram para a Sala Paulo VI, onde teve lugar as visitas de cortesia aos novos cardeais. (RL/BF)(from Vatican Radio)

Fonte: CNBB

          The Ravens: The Men Who Flew In America's Secret War In Laos   
The Ravens: The Men Who Flew In America's Secret War In Laos
author: Christopher Robbins
name: Jacob
average rating: 4.19
book published: 1987
rating: 3
read at:
date added: 2017/04/29
shelves:
review:


          FYTIKAS, Eleonora   
FYTIKAS, Eleonora Peacefully on Tuesday, June 27, 2017 surrounded by her family at the age of 91. Eleonora, beloved wife of the late Nicolaos. Loving...
          Muestra tus trabajos Web > RE: Crónicas de una Web   
Autor: P3p3
Asunto: Crónicas de una Web
Publicado: Jueves 29 Jun 2017 16:54 (GMT 1)
Tema Respuestas: 11

Desde que empezó Crónicas de una Web hasta hoy ha supuesto un cambio radical de la noche a la mañana este cambio ha sido producido al realizar las pruebas laborales en un centro de trabajo. Si eres un usuario que llegaste a ver el principio de mi web y ahora ves el cambio comprenderás que ha habido una evolución como Desarrollador Web un antes y un después. Voy a dejarme los preámbulos y comparto con vosotros dos servicios gratuitos que he puesto en mi Web: [1] Claves wifi de varios aeropuertos del mundo Free WiFi keys and Password [2] Quieres mantener una conversación IA( Inteligencia Artificial) Habla con una máquina La verdad es que el IA comete algunos fallos pero en algunas ocasiones te hace dudar si detrás es una persona la que está escribiendo, como pongo en mi post puede ser constructivo a la hora de practicar algún idioma. Saludos cordiales

          Temas generales > RE: ¿A quién hay que matar? [Manifiesto p3p3]   
Autor: Kyshuo Ayame
Asunto: ¿A quién hay que matar? [Manifiesto p3p3]
Publicado: Jueves 29 Jun 2017 15:05 (GMT 1)
Tema Respuestas: 7

Interpreté horriblemente la frase de pactos con el diablo Guiño Que bueno formar lazos con la gente. Aquí también cuentas con un amigo del otro lado del charco. Espero que tengas mucho éxito. Cuéntame como van tus cosas porque seguro tengo mucho que aprender de toda tu experiencia.

          What can happen, when you share history stories   

What can happen, when you share history stories

I have posted over 1100 stories here on this blog since 2009, never knowing who may be reading them nor who may reply in what way. This week, I received a note I never expected to get, with followup. For me, it is quite a story. It relates to this photo, posted at the end of a 2012 post…

http://drbilltellsancestorstories.blogspot.com/2012/02/those-places-thursday-rbs-express-62-63.html


Here was the first email (each published here with permission from Cory):


Hi Bill-

I think you knew my father.  Dick Etchberger out of 11th RBS Squadron.  That's him to your left and I'm pretty sure Stan Sliz to your right.  Sure would like to talk to you about your experiences on the train and what you might know about my father.

Cory Etchberger

I was naturally curious, of course, and this is the reply I received, including the several fantastic links at the end.

Bill-  Sit down, hang on, gonna take you on a ride.

I too am a retired college professor (Biology): Penn State, Kansas, Missouri, Switzerland and most recently here in Pennsylvania.

Back to dad:  that picture was taken when he was a SMSgt which he made about 1963, so that pic is about that time period.  RBS Express, probably in North Dakota.  That SMSgt to your left is the Air Force's most recent Medal of Honor Recipient.  Yup my dad.

He volunteered with other AF personnel to run a Top Secret radar site in Laos in 1967.  We were not supposed to be in Laos then, so the AF discharged these guys and were hired by Lockeed Aircraft Services and the CIA to run the site.

The radar site got overrun by North Vietnamese Special Forces on March 11, 1968 and dad saved three of his men while fighting off the enemy all night long.  He was put in for the Medal of Honor in 1968, but because he was "civilian" and we were not supposed to be in Laos, they posthumously awarded him the AF Cross (to my mother) with the understanding that when the War was over and the mission declassified, his medal would be upgraded to the Medal of Honor - that took 42 years.  There is of course, more to the story, but I was just 9 years old when he died, the whole thing was so secret, none of his three sons knew what really happened for another 30 years, and am always looking for people who may have knew him and simply stumbled across that pic on line.

I'm happy to answer any questions.

Links to verify:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1314394/US-airman-Richard-Etchberger-awarded-Medal-Honour-42-years-died.html

http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/SpeechesArchive/Display/tabid/268/Article/143874/chief-etchberger-first-e-9-awarded-the-medal-of-honor.aspx

http://www.cnn.com/2010/US/09/18/medal.of.honor.recipient/

https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2010/09/21/awarding-chief-etchberger-medal-honor

www.chiefetchbergerfoundation.org

www.atallcosts.org

Cory Etchberger

WELL, needless to say, I’ve now begun to read the book, "At All Costs," that documents the whole story, and had additional communications with Cory. The reading and this discussion has ‘brought back’ many memories of the ‘pre-Vietnam’ period of my military service that I believe have been a bit suppressed in my mind/memory. Each memory retrieved adds new memories resurfacing. I was discharged two weeks before the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. the ‘official’ start of the war. I cannot help but think I do have some suppressed guilt feelings of my life going on (in my civilian career), when most all of the men I served with did one or more tours of duty in the war zone. This new information really tops that off.  What a hero “Etch” was… and I had actually worked side by side with him, earlier. Never underestimate the potential in those around you!

My point of this post, of course, is that there are unknown benefits every time you post a bit of your family history or genealogy research. It can have great impact, even though possibly years in the future.

Families are Forever!! ;-)





          Tiger Trail Outdoor Adventures and Fair Trek in Laos   
I lead the Tiger Trail team in Luang Prabang, Laos. I always had a passion for adventure and travelling but, even more important, for other people. I also believe that the world is not fairly developed and even its most beautiful landscapes can be the stage for poverty and degradation. I aim to approach these problems by seeking a better way: Through our Fair Trek in Laos projects, I combine community work with tourism and bring people together from all over the world to work with Lao communities.
          Esto es Guerra 30-06-17 programa completo   

ESTO ES GUERRA VIERNES 30/06/17

esto es guerra
Esto es Guerra es el reality de competencia mas exitoso de la televisión peruana, producido por Pro Tv y emitido de Lunes a Viernes a las 18:50 vía América Televisión.

El programa inicio como una secuencia del hoy desaparecido "dos para las 7" constaba de una guerra de sexos entre hombres y mujeres, luego el formato mutó y se convirtió en una batalla entre leones vs cobras, con el cual se mantiene actualmente. En EEG Los integrantes denominados "guerreros" se enfrentan en pruebas físicas y de conocimiento en pos de coronarse campeones, ademas de competir por ser el mejor guerrero y guerrera de la presente temporada "De regreso al origen".

Algunos de los voceados para integrar Esto es Guerra son: Yahaira Plasencia, Alondra Garcia Miro, Mario Hart, Flavia Laos, Nicola Porcella, Patricio Parodi, Mario Irivarren, Melissa Loza, Michelle Soifer, Angie Arizaga entre otros.
          Esto es Guerra 29-06-17 programa completo   

ESTO ES GUERRA JUEVES 29/06/17

esto es guerra
Esto es Guerra es el reality de competencia mas exitoso de la televisión peruana, producido por Pro Tv y emitido de Lunes a Viernes a las 18:50 vía América Televisión.

El programa inicio como una secuencia del hoy desaparecido "dos para las 7" constaba de una guerra de sexos entre hombres y mujeres, luego el formato mutó y se convirtió en una batalla entre leones vs cobras, con el cual se mantiene actualmente. En EEG Los integrantes denominados "guerreros" se enfrentan en pruebas físicas y de conocimiento en pos de coronarse campeones, ademas de competir por ser el mejor guerrero y guerrera de la presente temporada "De regreso al origen".

Algunos de los voceados para integrar Esto es Guerra son: Yahaira Plasencia, Alondra Garcia Miro, Mario Hart, Flavia Laos, Nicola Porcella, Patricio Parodi, Mario Irivarren, Melissa Loza, Michelle Soifer, Angie Arizaga entre otros.
          Esto es Guerra 28-06-17 programa completo   

ESTO ES GUERRA MIERCOLES 28/06/17

esto es guerra
Esto es Guerra es el reality de competencia mas exitoso de la televisión peruana, producido por Pro Tv y emitido de Lunes a Viernes a las 18:50 vía América Televisión.

El programa inicio como una secuencia del hoy desaparecido "dos para las 7" constaba de una guerra de sexos entre hombres y mujeres, luego el formato mutó y se convirtió en una batalla entre leones vs cobras, con el cual se mantiene actualmente. En EEG Los integrantes denominados "guerreros" se enfrentan en pruebas físicas y de conocimiento en pos de coronarse campeones, ademas de competir por ser el mejor guerrero y guerrera de la presente temporada "De regreso al origen".

Algunos de los voceados para integrar Esto es Guerra son: Yahaira Plasencia, Alondra Garcia Miro, Mario Hart, Flavia Laos, Nicola Porcella, Patricio Parodi, Mario Irivarren, Melissa Loza, Michelle Soifer, Angie Arizaga entre otros.
          Συνεχίζεται το Ροκ φεστιβάλ στα Χανιά    
Και πανελλήνιος μουσικός διαγωνισμός “Γιώργος Μανουσέλης”
Ξεκινά σήμερα το  Chania Rock Festival 2017 (30 Ιουνίου – 1 Ιουλίου) στον Προμαχώνα San Salvatore (παλιό Ξενία).
Πρόκειται, όπως αναφέρουν σε ανακοίνωσή τους οι διοργανωτές για ένα από τα σημαντικότερα και παλιότερα φεστιβάλ της χώρας μας, το οποίο γίνεται από το 2002 στα Χανιά. Αποτελεί το μεγαλύτερο εναλλακτικό rock festival εκτός Αθηνών και πραγματοποιείται κάθε χρόνο στον απίστευτης ομορφιάς Ενετικό Προμαχώνα San Salvatore, στο παλιό λιμάνι των Χανίων.



Σύμφωνα με τους διοργανωτές, «το Chania Rock Festival έχει εξελιχθεί σε  ένα από τα μεγαλύτερα events μετακίνησης “μουσικού τουρισμού” στην χώρα μας, τόσο εγχώριου όσο και από το εξωτερικό, αφού έχουν ήδη διατεθεί εισιτήρια σε 14 χώρες, ανάμεσά τους η Χιλή, το Μεξικό και τα Ενωμένα Αραβικά Εμιράτα, ενώ τα early bird εισιτήρια είναι ήδη sold out από τον Μάρτιο!
Φετινή προσθήκη στο festival είναι ο πανελλήνιος μουσικός διαγωνισμός “Γιώργος Μανουσέλης”,  όπου σχεδόν 15.000 μουσικόφιλοι επέλεξαν με την ψήφο τους  την νικήτρια μπάντα η οποία θα ανοίξει το Chania Rock Festival 2017. Με αυτόν τον τρόπο το Chania Rock Festival έγινε διαδραστικό, με όλους τους φίλους του να μπορούν να λάβουν ενεργά μέρος στην διαμόρφωση του τελικού line-up».

ΠΡΩΤΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΜΕ BLIND GUARDIAN
Για το 2017 το Chania Rock Festival έχει για headliner την πρώτη μέρα (σήμερα 30 Ιουνίου), το μεγαλύτερο –ίσως- σχήμα που έχει έρθει στην Κρήτη που δεν είναι άλλο από τους Γερμανούς βάρδους του heavy metal Blind Guardian.
Headliners αύριο Σάββατο, 1η Ιουλίου, είναι οι Αμερικάνοι epic metallers, Warlord, οι οποίοι θα δώσουν στο Chania Rock Festival τη μοναδική τους ευρωπαϊκή εμφάνιση για το 2017.
Το Σάββατο, 1η Ιουλίου θα υπάρχει μία ακόμη πολύ σημαντική εμφάνιση, ο Phil Campbell and The Bastard Sons. Οι MOTORHEAD είναι η ιστορία του hard rock n’ roll. Ο Lemmy Kilmister υπήρξε η πιο εξέχουσα μορφή του.



ΚΑΙ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΑ ΣΧΗΜΑΤΑ
Σήμερα Παρασκευή 30 Ιουνίου, επίσης θα εμφανιστεί ένα από τα κορυφαία ονόματα –διαχρονικά- της ελληνικής metal σκηνής, ο λόγος για τους SepticFlesh, τους extreme metallers από την Αθήνα. Μαζί τους οι Ιταλοί symphonic power metallers, SAILING TO NOWHERE αλλά και οι Έλληνες prog metallers SL THEORY.
Το Σάββατο 1η Ιουλίου θα εμφανιστούν οι Έλληνες melodic metallers InnerWish, που είχαν εμφανιστεί στην πρώτη έκδοση του Chania Rock Festival, το 2002 κι επανέρχονται δυναμικά 15 χρόνια αργότερα,.
Τέλος, θα συμμετέχουν καθώς και οι Upon Revival, νικητές του διαγωνισμού «Γιώργος Μανουσέλης», οι οποίοι έλαβαν τις περισσότερες προτιμήσεις από τον κόσμο, ανάμεσα στα 50 συγκροτήματα από 15 νομούς που συμμετείχαν.
Τα μονοήμερα εισιτήρια κοστίζουν 35 €, ενώ τα εισιτήρια του διημέρου 52 € και μπορείτε να τα προμηθευτείτε στα παρακάτω σημεία: www.123tickets.gr (credit card / paypal), No Remorse Records (Athens), Sirens Records (Athens), Avalon Metal Cafe Chania (Chania), Monsterville (Chania), Beer ‘o’ Clock (Heraklion), Jailhouse (Heraklion), Route 66 Heraklion Crete (Heraklion), Dark Tales (Heraklion), Πολυτεχνειο καφε μπαρ (Heraklion), Chaplinspubcafe (Rethymno), Beatnik Rock Bar – Rethymno (Rethymno), Alone Metal Store (Thessaloniki), The Nephilim Metal Musicstore (Thessaloniki), Yannis Bar (Agios Nikolaos),  Gold Phoenix Tatto Studio (Ierapetra), Balos Travel (Kasteli).
Facebook event: https://www.facebook.com/events/129952390828135/




Ξεκινά σήμερα το Ροκ φεστιβάλ στα Χανιά απο έως 1 Ιουλίου

          Laos Seizes Cache of Illegal Logs Owned by Governor’s Wife: Official   

State inspection authorities in Laos have seized more than two dozen trucks after they were found to be hauling timber illegally logged by the wife of the governor of Attapeu province for sale across the border in Vietnam, according to an official source. The source, who inspects timber in the southern provinces of Laos, told...

The post Laos Seizes Cache of Illegal Logs Owned by Governor’s Wife: Official appeared first on Thailand News.


          ΑΥΤΟ ΤΟ ΒΟΥΡΛΟ ΤΗ ΓΛΥΤΩΣΕ (ΔΥΣΤΥΧΩΣ!!) ΑΛΛΑ ΕΙΝΑΙ ΥΠΕΡ ΤΩΝ ΑΜΒΛΩΣΕΩΝ Ο ΚΟΥΛΗΣ   
Φωτογραφία του Νικόλαος Τζιόπας.



Αυτό το βούρλο διεκδικεί τις τύχες του έθνους μας. Εκτός κι αν ο ίδιος προέρχεται από αποτυχημένη άμβλωση!  
Νικόλαος Τζιόπας
Φωτογραφία του Νικόλαος Τζιόπας.

          Can A Photograph(er) Make a Difference?   

Many photographers begin their careers wanting to “make a difference” with their photography, to bring some good to the world, or at least to the people they photograph. It’s one of the greatest aspects of the craft and its adherents, but can a photo really bring about long-term change? This is an increasingly relevant question, and one that dogs even the most experienced and socially conscious photographers. Despite this dilemma, many photographers forge ahead, shining a light on horrors and glories with the hope that their images have a positive influence and perhaps, because of this dilemma, some photographers have found ways to use their art, labor, contacts, experiences, and insight to raise money specifically for organizations that are “making a difference.”

Salem Krieger is an experienced editorial and portrait photographer who had a seemingly simple realization in 2015: he could sell prints of his work and give a portion of the revenue to a non-profit organization of his choice. From this grew Art is Helping, his system for putting artists and art buyers together and letting the buyers determine how much they spend and which organization they support. In a short time, the roster of artists has grown, as has the varied list of non-profits that benefit from the transactions.  

Alison Wright is an accomplished documentary photographer and author whose work has taken her to every corner of the world. Her latest book is Human Tribe. In 2000, a tragic, near-death accident on a jungle road in Laos and a remarkable story of heroism and recovery brought a heightened perspective to the strength and spirit that pushes people to help one another—even to risk their lives to help complete strangers. With a resolve and empathy born from suffering, Wright rebuilt her life and career and founded Faces of Hope, a fund that provides medical care and education, especially to women and children in crisis around the world. The first act of Faces of Hope was to return to the village in Laos—and the people who saved her life—with five doctors and $10,000 worth of medical supplies.

We speak with these two photographers about their work, the power of images, and about the mechanisms they have created to bring assistance to those who need it, while continuing to do the photography they love.

Guests: Guests:  Salem Krieger - 04:20      Alison Wright  - 27:00

Photograph: Alison Wright


          An ASEAN Perspective   

2017 is the fiftieth year since the establishment of the Association of South East Asian Nations. Today, the ASEAN acronym and its politico-geographic grouping is familiar, and respected, world over. It is no secret that economic indicators are very good for the ASEAN. The emerging markets in the region make it an attractive business destination, and the role played by the ASEAN with its focus on security, and shared development, cannot be over estimated. The Connectivity Master Plan ASEAN 2025, to promote physical connections between institutions and people, is very exciting. As is the role played by the ASEAN Foundation to bring people together, to see how they can participate building the ASEAN Community.

However, people from outside the region, who choose to work here, would need to keep an open mind and have the ability to learn to adapt to diverse cultures. The ASEAN market is not a monolith - it encourages innovation, experimenting with new ideas, ingenuity, disruption, and disruptive technologies that are beneficial, to deliver to different market segments. But one would have to step beyond the familiar, and work with languages and cultures that are very different from other parts of the world. Learning the local language is not strictly necessary, but proficiency in it would be a great asset, as you would be more comfortable moving around and working within the diverse market. It is not an easy task, as there isn't a pan-ASEAN language. Bahasa would work in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Brunei. But not in the Philippines, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand. Cultural Intelligence, however will work – everywhere. And it holds the key to opening doors, establishing relationships, and enabling collaboration.

A different kind of leadership is required to build bridges between cultures. I feel that Common Purpose, with their pedagogy of Cultural Intelligence and Crossing Boundaries, gives one the right knowledge and leadership skills to work with different people, across sectors, at all levels of organization, and with different sensitivities. Relationship building in the ASEAN relies on trust; mutual respect; on informal agreements across diverse stakeholders. Cultural Intelligence is a useful tool to operate successfully in ASEAN's cities.

ASEAN cities are the epicentre of growth. They are transforming rapidly, and modernizing across the region. However, I also see a resurgence of appreciation of heritage. There is more emphasis on not losing the cultural, and historical place; a desire to move forward without destroying the past. And this is where I believe shared knowledge, another key learning from Common Purpose plays a vital role. We realize we are quite similar to one another and should combine efforts to work better. Shared knowledge, where we could know what others are doing; shared learning from each other; and shared information; could prevent us from having to reinvent the wheel to take the region further.

The importance of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the ASEAN cannot be overstated. But going forward, it is key to sustain the momentum of the 50th year, with high levels of visibility. Countries that chair the ASEAN over the next few years, should move beyond ad hoc measures, to boost people-oriented and people-centred initiatives. More can be done for the free movement of workers and professionals. There are costs involved, and that partly accounts for slow progress on the ground. An integrated approach with the private sector and necessary funding, would make a huge difference in driving people beyond thinking ASEAN, to doing ASEAN.

Build leadership skills to succeed in the ASEAN at the ASEAN Leaders Programme 2017. A Common Purpose leadership programme for ASEAN leaders. www.commonpurpose.org/asean


          LAOS Kettenanhänger aus massiv 585 Gelbgold mit Halskette   
339,90 EUR
Halskette Panzer 1,2 mm - 50 cm lang - mit Kettenanh?nger aus der Form der LAOS? Landkarte aus massiv 585 Gelbgold!Der Anh?nger ist mit einer gro?en ?se versehen, sodass dieser auch mit einer etwas dickeren Halskette getragen werden kann.Die Anh?nger werden in einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede aus massivem Material hergestellt und selbstverst?ndlich 585 gestempelt!Landkarte: LAOSMaterial: massiv 585 GelbgoldGr??e: ca. 24 mm und 1mm dickGewicht: ca. 4,7 gOberfl?che: Vorderseite handpoliert und R?ckseite matt geb?rstetHalskette: 50 cm lang, Panzer 1,2 mm mit Federring-VerschlussSonderanfertigungen, wie z.B. ein anderes Land, gr??er oder aus einem anderen Material k?nnen auf Wunsch f?r Sie hergestellt werden. Fragen Sie uns einfach danach! Wir werden Ihnen sicherlich weiter helfen k?nnen!Alle Kettenanh?nger werden direkt nach Ihrer Bestellung von einer traditionsreichen deutschen Goldschmiede extra f?r Sie angefertigt.Die Abbildungen sind nicht in Originalgr??e - Bitte entnehmen Sie die Gr??e der jeweiligen Produktbeschreibung!

          SEJARAH SUKU SIMALUNGUN   


SUKU BATAK SIMALUNGUN


Suku Simalungun adalah salah satu suku asli dari Sumatera Utara, Indonesia.
Simalungun dalam bahasa Simalungun memiliki kata dasar “lungun” yang memiliki makna “sunyi”. Nama itu diberikan oleh orang luar karena penduduknya sangat jarang dan tempatnya sangat berjauhan antara yang satu dengan yang lain. Orang Batak Toba menyebutnya “Si Balungu” dari legenda hantu yang menimbulkan wabah penyakit di daerah tersebut, sedangkan orang Karo menyebutnya Batak Timur karena bertempat di sebelah timur mereka.

[Asal-usul]
Terdapat berbagai sumber mengenai asal usul Suku Simalungun, tetapi sebagian besar menceritakan bahwa nenek moyang Suku Simalungun berasal dari luar Indonesia.
Kedatangan ini terbagi dalam 2 gelombang :

1. Gelombang pertama (Proto Simalungun), diperkirakan datang dari Nagore (India Selatan) dan pegunungan Assam (India Timur) di sekitar abad ke-5, menyusuri Myanmar, ke Siam dan Malaka untuk selanjutnya menyeberang ke Sumatera Timur dan mendirikan kerajaan Nagur dari Raja dinasti Damanik.

2. Gelombang kedua (Deutero Simalungun), datang dari suku-suku di sekitar Simalungun yang bertetangga dengan suku asli Simalungun.
Pada gelombang Proto Simalungun di atas, Tuan Taralamsyah Saragih menceritakan bahwa rombongan yang terdiri dari keturunan dari 4 Raja-raja besar dari Siam dan India ini bergerak dari Sumatera Timur ke daerah Aceh, Langkat, daerah Bangun Purba, hingga ke Bandar Kalifah sampai Batubara.
Kemudian mereka didesak oleh suku setempat hingga bergerak ke daerah pinggiran danau Toba dan Samosir.
Terbentuknya Simalungun
Pada kerajaan Nagur di atas, terdapat beberapa panglima (Raja Goraha) yaitu masing-masing bermarga:
• Saragih
• Sinaga
• Purba
Kemudian mereka dijadikan menantu oleh Raja Nagur dan selanjutnya mendirikan kerajaan-kerajaan:
• Silou (Purba Tambak)
• Tanoh Djawa (Sinaga)
• Raya (Saragih)

Selama abad ke-13 hingga ke-15, kerajaan-kerajaan kecil ini mendapatkan serangan dari kerajaan-kerajaan lain seperti Singhasari, Majapahit, Rajendra Chola (India) dan dari Sultan Aceh, Sultan-sultan Melayu hingga Belanda.
Selama periode ini, tersebutlah cerita “Hattu ni Sapar” yang melukiskan kengerian keadaan saat itu di mana kekacauan diikuti oleh merajalelanya penyakit kolera hingga mereka menyeberangi “Laut Tawar” (sebutan untuk Danau Toba) untuk mengungsi ke pulau yang dinamakan Samosir yang merupakan kependekan dari Sahali Misir (bahasa Simalungun, artinya sekali pergi).

Saat pengungsi ini kembali ke tanah asalnya (huta hasusuran), mereka menemukan daerah Nagur yang sepi, sehingga dinamakanlah daerah kekuasaan kerajaan Nagur itu sebagai Sima-sima ni Lungun, bahasa Simalungun untuk daerah yang sepi, dan lama kelamaan menjadi Simalungun. (M.D Purba, 1997)

Kehidupan masyarakat Simalungun
Sistem mata pencaharian orang Simalungun yaitu bercocok tanam dengan jagung, karena padi adalah makanan pokok sehari-hari dan jagung adalah makanan tambahan jika hasil padi tidak mencukupi. Jual-beli diadakan dengan barter, bahasa yang dipakai adalah bahasa dialek. “Marga” memegang peranan penting dalam soal adat Simalungun. Jika dibandingkan dengan keadaan Simalungun dengan suku Batak yang lainnya sudah jauh berbeda. Di Tapanuli sudah berdiri sekolah-sekolah, rumah sakit, dan sekolah-sekolah keterampilan lainnya sehingga sistem kehidupan Tapanuli lebih maju.
Kepercayaan

Patung Sang Budha menunggang Gajah koleksi Museum Simalungun, yang menunjukkan pengaruh ajaran Budha pada Masyarakat Simalungun.
Sebelum masuknya Misionaris Agama Kristen dari RMG pada tahun 1903, penduduk Simalungun bagian timur pada umumnya sudah banyak menganut agama Islam sedangkan Simalungun Barat menganut animisme. Ajaran Hindu dan Budha juga pernah mempengaruhi kehidupan di Simalungun, hal ini terbukti dengan peninggalan berbagai patung dan arca yang ditemukan di beberapa tempat di Simalungun yang menggambarkan makna Trimurti (Hindu) dan Sang Budha yang menunggangi Gajah (Budha).

Bila diselidiki lebih dalam suku Simalungun memiliki berbagai kepercayaan yang berhubungan dengan pemakaian mantera-mantera dari “Datu” (dukun) disertai persembahan kepada roh-roh nenek moyang yang selalu didahului panggilan kepada Tiga Dewa, yaitu Dewa di atas (dilambangkan dengan warna Putih), Dewa di tengah (dilambangkan dengan warna Merah), dan Dewa di bawah (dilambangkan dengan warna Hitam). 3 warna yang mewakili Dewa-Dewa tersebut (Putih, Merah dan Hitam) mendominasi berbagai ornamen suku Simalungun dari pakaian sampai hiasan rumahnya.
Sistem pemerintahan di Simalungun dipimpin oleh seorang Raja, sebelum pemberitaan Injil masuk Tuan Rajalah yang sangat berpengaruh. Orang Simalungun menganggap bahwa anak Raja itulah Tuhan dan Raja itu sendiri adalah Allah yang kelihatan.

Marga-Marga

Harungguan Bolon
Terdapat empat marga asli suku Simalungun yang populer dengan akronim SISADAPUR, yaitu:
• Sinaga
• Saragih
• Damanik
• Purba
Keempat marga ini merupakan hasil dari “Harungguan Bolon” (permusyawaratan besar) antara 4 raja besar untuk tidak saling menyerang dan tidak saling bermusuhan (marsiurupan bani hasunsahan na legan, rup mangimbang munssuh).

Keempat raja itu adalah:
1. RAJA NAGUR BERMARGA DAMANIK.
Damanik berarti Simada Manik (pemilik manik), dalam bahasa Simalungun, Manik berarti Tonduy, Sumangat, Tunggung, Halanigan (bersemangat, berkharisma, agung/terhormat, paling cerdas).
Raja ini berasal dari kaum bangsawan India Selatan dari Kerajaan Nagore. Pada abad ke-12, keturunan raja Nagur ini mendapat serangan dari Raja Rajendra Chola dari India, yang mengakibatkan terusirnya mereka dari Pamatang Nagur di daerah Pulau Pandan hingga terbagi menjadi 3 bagian sesuai dengan jumlah puteranya:
• Marah Silau (yang menurunkan Raja Manik Hasian, Raja Jumorlang, Raja Sipolha, Raja Siantar, Tuan Raja Sidamanik dan Tuan Raja Bandar)
• Soro Tilu (yang menurunkan marga raja Nagur di sekitar gunung Simbolon: Damanik Nagur, Bayu, Hajangan, Rih, Malayu, Rappogos, Usang, Rih, Simaringga, Sarasan, Sola)
• Timo Raya (yang menurunkan raja Bornou, Raja Ula dan keturunannya Damanik Tomok)
Selain itu datang marga keturunan Silau Raja, Ambarita Raja, Gurning Raja, Malau Raja, Limbong, Manik Raja yang berasal dari Pulau Samosir dan mengaku Damanik di Simalungun.

2. RAJA BANUA SOBOU BERMARGA SARAGIH.
Saragih dalam bahasa Simalungun berarti Simada Ragih, yang mana Ragih berarti atur, susun, tata, sehingga simada ragih berarti Pemilik aturan atau pengatur, penyusun atau pemegang undang-undang.
Keturunannya adalah:
• Saragih Garingging yang pernah merantau ke Ajinembah dan kembali ke Raya.
• Saragih Sumbayak keturunan Tuan Raya Tongah, Pamajuhi, dan Bona ni Gonrang.
Saragih Garingging kemudian pecah menjadi 2, yaitu:
• Dasalak, menjadi raja di Padang Badagei
• Dajawak, merantau ke Rakutbesi dan Tanah Karo dan menjadi marga Ginting Jawak.
Walaupun jelas terlihat bahwa hanya ada 2 keturunan Raja Banua Sobou, pada zaman Tuan Rondahaim terdapat beberapa marga yang mengaku dirinya sebagai bagian dari Saragih (berafiliasi), yaitu: Turnip, Sidauruk, Simarmata, Sitanggang, Munthe, Sijabat, Sidabalok, Sidabukke, Simanihuruk.
Ada satu lagi marga yang mengaku sebagai bagian dari Saragih yaitu Pardalan Tapian, marga ini berasal dari daerah Samosir.

Rumah Bolon Raja Purba di Pematang Purba, Simalungun.

3. RAJA BANUA PURBA BERMARGA PURBA RAJA.
Purba menurut bahasa berasal dari bahasa Sansekerta yaitu Purwa yang berarti timur, gelagat masa datang, pegatur, pemegang Undang-undang, tenungan pengetahuan, cendekiawan/sarjana.
Keturunannya adalah: Tambak, Sigumonrong, Tua, Sidasuha (Sidadolog, Sidagambir). Kemudian ada lagi Purba Siborom Tanjung, Pakpak, Girsang, Tondang, Sihala, Raya.
Pada abad ke-18 ada beberapa marga Simamora dari Bakkara melalui Samosir untuk kemudian menetap di Haranggaol dan mengaku dirinya Purba. Purba keturunan Simamora ini kemudian menjadi Purba Manorsa dan tinggal di Tangga Batu dan Purbasaribu.

4. RAJA SANIANG NAGA BERMARGA SINAGA ATAU TANDUK BANUA

(terletak di perbatasan Simalungun dengan tanah Karo)
Sinaga berarti Simada Naga, dimana Naga dalam mitologi dewa dikenal sebagai penebab Gempa dan Tanah Longsor.
Keturunannya adalah marga Sinaga di Kerajaan Tanah Jawa, Batangiou di Asahan.
Saat kerajaan Majapahit melakukan ekspansi di Sumatera pada abad ke-14, pasukan dari Jambi yang dipimpin Panglima Bungkuk melarikan diri ke kerajaan Batangiou dan mengaku bahwa dirinya adalah Sinaga.
Menurut Taralamsyah Saragih, nenek moyang mereka ini kemudian menjadi raja Tanoh Djawa dengan marga Sinaga Dadihoyong setelah ia mengalahkan Tuan Raya Si Tonggang marga Sinaga dari kerajaan Batangiou dalam suatu ritual adu sumpah (Sibijaon).Tideman, 1922

Beberapa Sumber mengatakan bahwa Sinaga keturunan raja Tanoh Djawa berasal dari India, salah satunya adalah menrurut Tuan Gindo Sinaga keturunan dari Tuan Djorlang Hatara.
Beberapa keluarga besar Partongah Raja Tanoh Djawa menghubungkannya dengan daerah Nagaland (Tanah Naga) di India Timur yang berbatasan dengan Myanmar yang memang memiliki banyak persamaan dengan adat kebiasaan, postur wajah dan anatomi tubuh serta bahasa dengan suku Simalungun dan Batak lainnya.

Marga-marga perbauran
Perbauran suku asli Simalungun dengan suku-suku di sekitarnya di Pulau Samosir, Silalahi, Karo, dan Pakpak menimbulkan marga-marga baru. Marga-marga tersebut yaitu:
• Saragih: Sidauruk, Sidabalok, Siadari, Simarmata, Simanihuruk, Sidabutar, Munthe dan Sijabat
• Purba: Manorsa, Simamora, Sigulang Batu, Parhorbo, Sitorus dan Pantomhobon
• Damanik: Malau, Limbong, Sagala, Gurning dan Manikraja
• Sinaga: Sipayung, Sihaloho, Sinurat dan Sitopu

Selain itu ada juga marga-marga lain yang bukan marga Asli Simalungun tetapi kadang merasakan dirinya sebagai bagian dari suku Simalungun, seperti Lingga, Manurung, Butar-butar dan Sirait.
Zaman raja-raja Simalungun, orang yang tidak jelas garis keturunannya dari raja-raja disebut “jolma tuhe-tuhe” atau “silawar” (pendatang). Fenomena sosial ini diakibatkan adanya hukum marga yang keras di Simalungun menyatukan dirinya dengan marga raja-raja agar mendapat hak hidup di Simalungun.

Demikianlah sehingga makin bertambah banyak marga di Simalungun. Tetapi meski demikian sejak dahulu hanya ada empat marga pokok di Simalungun yakni Sisadapur : Sinaga, Saragih, Damanik dan Purba.

Setelah raja-raja dikuasai Belanda sejak ditandatanganinya Korte Verklaring (Perjanjian Pendek) tahun 1907 dan dihapuskannya kerajaan/feodalisme dalam aksi Revolusi Sosial tanggal 3 Maret 1946 sampai April 1947, peraturan tentang marga itu hapus di Simalungun. Masing-masing marga kembali lagi ke marga aslinya dan ke sukunya semula.
Penambahan Marga

Pada tahun 1930, Pdt. J. Wismar Saragih pernah menuliskan surat permohonan pada kumpulan Raja-Raja Simalungun yang berkumpul di Pematang Siantar yang meminta agar Raja-Raja tersebut menetapkan marga-marga baru sebagai tambahan kepada marga resmi Simalungun dengan maksud agar semakin banyak marga Simalungun seperti pada suku lain. Walaupun ide tersebut diterima oleh Raja-Raja tersebut namun permohonan J. Wismar Saragih belum disetujui karena belum tepat waktunya.

Karena alasan tersebut di atas, sebagian orang berpandangan bahwa masih ada kemungkinan bertambahnya Marga-marga di Simalungun. Hal ini senada dengan apa yang pernah dituliskan mengenai asal-usul beberapa Marga. Semisal Marga Saragih Garingging, yang disebut beberapa sumber berasal dari keturunan Pinangsori, dari Ajinembah (sebuah daerah di Kabupaten Karo) dan bermigrasi ke Raya sehingga bertemu dengan Raja Nagur dan dijadikan marga Saragih Garingging. Begitupun marga Purba Tambak, disebutkan berasal dari penduduk daerah Pagaruyung yang bermigrasi ke daerah Natal, kemudian ke Singkel, hingga tiba di daerah Tambak, Simalungun. Keturunannya kemudian menikah dengan keturunan Raja Nagur dan mereka dijadikan sebagai bagian dari Purba, yaitu Purba Tambak. Marga Damanik juga disebut sebagai pendatang yang menikah dengan keturunan Tuan Silampuyang yang bermarga Saragih dan kemudian diberi marga.
Perkerabatan Simalungun

Orang Simalungun tidak terlalu mementingkan soal silsilah karena penentu partuturan (perkerabatan) di Simalungun adalah hasusuran (tempat asal nenek moyang) dan tibalni parhundul (kedudukan/peran) dalam horja-horja adat (acara-acara adat). Hal ini bisa dilihat saat orang Simalungun bertemu, bukan langsung bertanya “aha marga ni ham?” (apa marga anda) tetapi “hunja do hasusuran ni ham (dari mana asal-usul anda)?”

Hal ini dipertegas oleh pepatah Simalungun “Sin Raya, sini Purba, sin Dolog, sini Panei. Na ija pe lang na mubah, asal ma marholong ni atei” (dari Raya, Purba, Dolog, Panei. Yang manapun tak berarti, asal penuh kasih). Sebagian sumber menuliskan bahwa hal tersebut disebabkan karena seluruh marga raja-raja Simalungun itu diikat oleh persekutuan adat yang erat oleh karena konsep perkimpoian antara raja dengan “puang bolon” (permaisuri) yang adalah puteri raja tetangganya. Seperti raja Tanoh Djawa dengan puang bolon dari Kerajaan Siantar (Damanik), raja Siantar yang puang bolonnya dari Partuanan Silappuyang, Raja Panei dari Putri Raja Siantar, Raja Silau dari Putri Raja Raya, Raja Purba dari Putri Raja Siantar dan Silimakuta dari Putri Raja Raya atau Tongging.

Adapun Perkerabatan dalam masyarakat Simalungun disebut sebagai partuturan. Partuturan ini menetukan dekat atau jauhnya hubungan kekeluargaan (pardihadihaon), dan dibagi kedalam beberapa kategori sebagai berikut:
• Tutur Manorus / Langsung
Perkerabatan yang langsung terkait dengan diri sendiri.
• Tutur Holmouan / Kelompok
Melalui tutur Holmouan ini bisa terlihat bagaimana berjalannya adat Simalungun
• Tutur Natipak / Kehormatan
Tutur Natipak digunakan sebagai pengganti nama dari orang yang diajak berbicara sebagai tanda hormat.


Pakaian Adat
Kain Adat Simalungun disebut Hiou. Penutup kepala lelaki disebut Gotong, penutup kepala wanita disebut Bulang, sedangkan yang kain yang disandang ataupun kain samping disebut Suri-suri.
Sama seperti suku-suku lain di sekitarnya, pakaian adat suku Simalungun tidak terlepas dari penggunaan kain Ulos (disebut Uis di suku Karo). Kekhasan pada suku Simalungun adalah pada kain khas serupa Ulos yang disebut Hiou dengan berbagai ornamennya. Ulos pada mulanya identik dengan ajimat, dipercaya mengandung “kekuatan” yang bersifat religius magis dan dianggap keramat serta memiliki daya istimewa untuk memberikan perlindungan. Menurut beberapa penelitian penggunaan ulos oleh suku bangsa Batak, memperlihatkan kemiripan dengan bangsa Karen di perbatasan Myanmar, Muangthai dan Laos, khususnya pada ikat kepala, kain dan ulosnya.

Secara legenda ulos dianggap sebagai salah satu dari 3 sumber kehangatan bagi manusia (selain Api dan Matahari), namun dipandang sebagai sumber kehangatan yang paling nyaman karena bisa digunakan kapan saja (tidak seperti matahari, dan tidak dapat membakar (seperti api). Seperti suku lain di rumpun Batak, Simalungun memiliki kebiasaan “mambere hiou” (memberikan ulos) yang salah satunya melambangkan pemberian kehangatan dan kasih sayang kepada penerima ulos.

Ulos dapat dikenakan dalam berbagai bentuk, sebagai kain penutup kepala, penutup badan bagian bawah, penutup badan bagian atas, penutup punggung dan lain-lain. Ulos dalam berbagai bentuk dan corak/motif memiliki nama dan jenis yang berbeda-beda, misalnya ulos penutup kepala wanita disebut suri-suri, ulos penutup badan bagian bawah bagi wanita disebut ragipane, atau yang digunakan sebagai pakaian sehari-hari yang disebut jabit. Ulos dalam pakaian penganti Simalungun juga melambangkan kekerabatan Simalungun yang disebut tolu sahundulan, yang terdiri dari tutup kepala (ikat kepala), tutup dada (pakaian) dan tutup bagian bawah (abit).
Menurut Muhar Omtatok, Budayawan Simalungun, awalnya Gotong (Penutup Kepala Pria Simalungun) berbentuk destar dari bahan kain gelap ( Berwarna putih untuk upacara kemalangan, disebut Gotong Porsa), namun kemudian Tuan Bandaralam Purba Tambak dari Dolog Silou juga menggemari trend penutup kepala ala melayu berbentuk tengkuluk dari bahan batik, dari kegemaran pemegang Pustaha Bandar Hanopan inilah, kemudian Orang Simalungun dewasa ini suka memakai Gotong berbentuk Tengkuluk Batik.


HORAS SIMALUNGUN.
          Four reasons why this consistory was an unusual one   

Vatican City, Jul 1, 2017 / 04:35 am (CNA/EWTN News).- A consistory is a gathering of cardinals, which the Pope can convoke to give solemnity to a particular decision, or simply to ask his “Senate” to counsel him on an important issue. However, the most recent consistory, held June 28, was rather exceptional. Here are four reasons why.

A surprise consistory

The June 28 consistory was a real surprise: when Pope Francis announced it May 21, there had been none of the normal hints that he was going to call for one.

For one thing, there were only a few open “slots” in the College of Cardinals. According to the norm set by Bl. Paul VI and confirmed by St. John Paul II, there can be only 120 cardinals who have voting rights in the event of a conclave to choose the next Pope (the primary responsibility of cardinals).

However, Pope Francis made the decision to create five new cardinals, so following this week’s consistory, there are now 121 cardinals with the right to vote in a future conclave, surpassing the normal limit of 120.

He is not the first Pope to do so. St. John Paul II created 44 cardinals in the Feb. 21, 2001 consistory. This made 135 cardinals with voting rights, a full 15 over the limit set by Paul VI.

A small number of cardinals

Also unusual for a single consistory: Pope Francis created just five cardinals.

Only one of them comes from Europe, while the other four come from countries that have never had a cardinal before: Mali, El Salvador, Sweden, and Laos.

This consistory, to some extent, is similar to the final one convoked by Pope Benedict XVI, which took place Nov. 24, 2012.  During that consistory, Benedict XVI created only six new cardinals, and none of them hailed from Europe: it was the first consistory since 1924 with no Europeans in the list of new cardinals.

In 1977, Pope Paul VI convoked his final consistory, creating only four new cardinals. Among them was Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI.

The visit to the Pope emeritus

Another interesting aspect to this consistory: the newly created cardinals, joined by Pope Francis, paid a visit to the former pontiff, Benedict XVI.

Ever since Pope Francis has convoked consistories, the Pope emeritus has been taken into consideration and had some role in them.

Benedict XVI took part in Pope Francis’ first two consistories for the creation of new cardinals, held Feb. 22, 2013 and Feb. 14, 2014.

Though the Pope emeritus did not take part in the third of Pope Francis’ consistories, held Nov. 19, 2016, the newly created cardinals paid a visit to him in the Mater Ecclesiae monastery where he lives.

This time the new cardinals were accompanied by Pope Francis as they paid a visit to Benedict XVI.

The lack of a pre-consistory meeting for a general discussion

According to the Code of Canon Law, there are two types of consistories: ordinary and extraordinary.

All cardinals are called to take part in extraordinary consistories, which are celebrated only in particular cases. In contrast, ordinary consistories are summoned when the Pope needs the cardinals’ counsel on some issue, or to add solemnity to a decision by the Pope, for example the canonization of saints or the creation of new cardinals.

Sometimes both types of consistories take place consecutively. The first two ordinary consistories convoked by Pope Francis were preceded by extraordinary consistories, as the Pope took advantage of the cardinals’ presence in Rome to discuss important issues.

The Feb. 22, 2014 consistory was preceded by an extraordinary consistory on the issues of the family, while the Feb. 14, 2015 consistory was preceded by an extraordinary consistory to discuss the reform of the Curia.

In contrast, neither this week’s consistory nor the one that took place on Nov. 19, 2016 were preceded by pre-consistory meetings.

 


          Kommentar zu „Ehe für alle“ – oder Exitus für die Gesellschaft? von Philolaos   
Der Begriff "Ehe für alle" streut dem arglosen Publikum Sand in die Augen. Eine vermeintlich unterdrückte und diskrimierte Minderheit versucht einer schweigenden und verunsicherten Mehrheit auf schrille und penetrante Art und Weise ihre Weltanschauung überzustülpen. BILD manipuliert das Stimmungsbarometer und schreibt von über 74% Zustimmung zur Homo-Ehe, um den Konformitätsdruck zu erhöhen. Die wahren Zahlen dürften signifikant darunter liegen. Interessant die facettenreichen Sichtweisen der Autoren, die sich unangenehm berührt fühlen von den lautstarken Homo-Propagandisten. Wer sich nicht als homophil positioniert, läuft Gefahr, zum Untermenschen einer rosafaschistischen Leitkultur zu werden. https://bayernistfrei.com/2017/06/30/ehe-bundestag/comment-page-1/#comment-2180
          Kebijakan Pemerintahan dalam Mengatasi dan Menanggulangi Kemiskinan dan Hasil yang Dicapai   
I.  PENDAHULUAN

Kemiskinan adalah keadaan dimana terjadi ketidakmampuan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dasar seperti makanan , pakaian , tempat berlindung, pendidikan, dan kesehatan. Kemiskinan dapat disebabkan oleh kelangkaan alat pemenuh kebutuhan dasar, ataupun sulitnya akses terhadap pendidikan dan pekerjaan. Kemiskinan merupakan masalah global. Sebagian orang memahami istilah ini secara subyektif dan komparatif, sementara yang lainnya melihatnya dari segi moral dan evaluatif, dan yang lainnya lagi memahaminya dari sudut ilmiah yang telah mapan.
Kemiskinan dipahami dalam berbagai cara. Pemahaman utamanya mencakup:
·         Gambaran kekurangan materi, yang biasanya mencakup kebutuhan pangan sehari-hari, sandang, perumahan, dan pelayanan kesehatan. Kemiskinan dalam arti ini dipahami sebagai situasi kelangkaan barang-barang dan pelayanan dasar.
·         Gambaran tentang kebutuhan sosial, termasuk keterkucilan sosial, ketergantungan, dan ketidakmampuan untuk berpartisipasi dalam masyarakat. Hal ini termasuk pendidikan dan informasi. Keterkucilan sosial biasanya dibedakan dari kemiskinan, karena hal ini mencakup masalah-masalah politik dan moral, dan tidak dibatasi pada bidang ekonomi.
·         Gambaran tentang kurangnya penghasilan dan kekayaan yang memadai. Makna "memadai" di sini sangat berbeda-beda melintasi bagian-bagian politik dan ekonomi di seluruh dunia.
Di dalam ilmu ekonomi, kemiskinan dipertimbangkan dalam dua kategori, yaitu kemiskinan absolute dan kemiskinan relative. Kemiskinan relatif, konsep yang mengacu kepada garis kemiskinan adalah suatu ukuran mengenai kesenjangan di dalam distribusi pendapatan, biasanya dapat didefinisikan didalam kaitannya dengan tingkat rata-rata dari distribusi yang dimaksud. Kemiskinan absolut, konsep yang pengukurannya tidak didasarkan pada garis kemiskinan adalah derajat kemiskinan dibawah, dimana kebutuhan-kebutuhan minimum untuk bertahan hidup tidak dapat terpenuhi. Bank Dunia mendefinisikan kemiskinan absolut sebagai hidup dengan pendapatan dibawah 1 dollar AS per hari dan Kemiskinan menengah untuk pendapatan dibawah 2 dollar AS per hari.
Kemiskinan banyak dihubungkan dengan:
·         Penyebab individual, atau patologis, yang melihat kemiskinan sebagai akibat dari perilaku, pilihan, atau kemampuan dari si miskin.
·         Penyebab keluarga, yang menghubungkan kemiskinan dengan pendidikan keluarga.
·         Penyebab sub-budaya (subcultural), yang menghubungkan kemiskinan dengan kehidupan sehari-hari, dipelajari atau dijalankan dalam lingkungan sekitar.
·         Penyebab agensi, yang melihat kemiskinan sebagai akibat dari aksi orang lain, termasuk perang, pemerintah, dan ekonomi.
·         Penyebab struktural, yang memberikan alasan bahwa kemiskinan merupakan hasil dari struktur sosial.
Tidak sulit mencari faktor-faktor penyebab kemiskinan, tetapi dari faktor-faktor itu sangat sulit memastikan mana yang merupakan penyebab sebenarnya serta mana yang berpengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung terhadap perubahan kemiskinan. Faktor-faktor penyebab kemiskinan tersebut antara lain:


·         Tingkat dan laju pertumbuhan output
·         Tingkat upah neto
·         Distribusi pendapatan
·         Kesempatan kerja
·         Tingkat inflasi
·         Pajak dan subsidi
·         Investasi
·         Alokasi serta kualitas SDA
·         Ketersediaan fasilitas umum
·         Penggunaan teknologi
·         Tingkat dan jenis pendidikan
·         Kondisi fisik dan alam
·         Politik
·         Bencana alam
·         Peperangan



Hubungan antara pertumbuhan ekonomi dan kemiskinan
            Tidak diragukan bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi, terutama jangka panjang, memang sangat penting bagi penurunan/penghapusan kemiskinan. Kerangka dasar teoritisnya adalah bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi menciptakan/meningkatkan kesempatan kerja yang berarti mengurngi pengangguran dan meningkatkan pendapatan dari kelompok miskin. Dengan asumsi bahwa mekaniskme yang diperlukan untuk memfasilitasi keuntungan dari pertumbuhan ekonomi kepada kelompok miskin berjalan dengan baik, pertumbuhan ekonomi bias menjadi suatu alat yang efektif, walaupun bukan sat-satunya factor, bagi pengurangan/penghapusan kemiskinan.





II.   PEMBAHASAN


1.      Kemiskinan di Indonesia 

                  Kemiskinan bukan hanya merupakan masalah Indonesia, tetapi juga masalah dunia. Laporan tahun 2005 dari Bank Dunia menunjukkan bahwa menjelang akhir 1990-an ada sekitar 1,2 milliar orang miskin dari sekitar 5 milliar lebih jumlah penduduk di dunia. Sebagian besar dari jumlah orang miskin tersebut terrdapat di Asia Selatan (43,5%) yang terkonsentrasi di India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Langka, dan Pakistan. Afrika Sub-Sahara merupkan wilayah kedua di dunia yang padat orang miskin (24,3%). Wilayah ketiga yang terdapat banyak orang miskin adalah Asia Tenggara dan Pasifik (23,2%), yang terutama terdapat di Cina, Laos, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, dan Kamboja. Sisanya terdapat di Amerika Latin dan Carribeans (6,5%), Eropa dan Asia Tengah (2,0%), serta Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara (0,5%).
Kesenjangan ekonomi atau ketimpangan dalam distribusi pendapatan antara kelompok masyarakat berpendapatan tinggi dan kelompok masyarakat berpendapatan rendah serta  tingkat kemiskinan atau jumlah orang yang berada di bawah garis kemiskinan (poverty line) merupakan dua masalah besar di banyak negara-negara berkembang (LDCs), tidak terkecuali di Indonesia.
Di dalam kategori permasalahan kemiskinan (seperti jumlah penduduk kelaparan, penduduk yang hidup dengan <1 dollar, harapan hidup penduduk), Indonesia berada pada tingkat pertengahan; tidak baik dan tidak buruk. Di samping itu, negara tetangga (kecuali Singapore, yang tidak sepantasnya untuk dibandingkan) seperti Malaysia yang masuk ke dalam tingkatan yang paling puncak bersama dengan Negara-negara maju, dan juga Thailand dengan setengah wilayahnya. Sudah sepantasnya Indonesia menjadikan pengentasan kemiskinan prioritas dalam pembangunan ekonomi, untuk menggapai cita-cita bangsa menjadi Negara yang terdepan.
Berikut merupakan fakta-fakta tentang kemiskinan di Indonesia:
·         Jumlah penduduk miskin (penduduk dengan pengeluaran per kapita per bulan di bawah Garis Kemiskinan) di Indonesia pada Maret 2010 mencapai 31,02 juta (13,33 persen), turun 1,51 juta dibandingkan dengan penduduk miskin pada Maret 2009 yang sebesar 32,53 juta (14,15 persen).
·         Selama periode Maret 2009-Maret 2010, penduduk miskin di daerah perkotaan berkurang 0,81 juta (dari 11,91 juta pada Maret 2009 menjadi 11,10 juta pada Maret 2010), sementara di daerah perdesaan berkurang 0,69 juta orang (dari 20,62 juta pada Maret 2009 menjadi 19,93 juta pada Maret 2010).
·         Persentase penduduk miskin antara daerah perkotaan dan perdesaan tidak banyak berubah selama periode ini. Pada Maret 2009, 63,38 persen penduduk miskin berada di daerah perdesaan, sedangkan pada Maret 2010 sebesar 64,23 persen.
·         Peranan komoditi makanan terhadap Garis Kemiskinan jauh lebih besar dibandingkan peranan komoditi bukan makanan (perumahan, sandang, pendidikan, dan kesehatan). Pada Maret 2010, sumbangan Garis Kemiskinan Makanan terhadap Garis Kemiskinan sebesar 73,5 persen, sedangkan pada Maret 2009 sebesar 73,6 persen.
·         Komoditi makanan yang berpengaruh besar terhadap nilai Garis Kemiskinan adalah beras, rokok kretek filter, gula pasir, telur ayam ras, mie instan, tempe, bawang merah, kopi, dan tahu. Untuk komoditi bukan makanan adalah biaya perumahan, listrik, angkutan, dan pendidikan.
·        Pada periode Maret 2009-Maret 2010, Indeks Kedalaman Kemiskinan (P1) dan Indeks Keparahan Kemiskinan (P2) menunjukkan kecenderungan menurun. Ini mengindikasikan bahwa rata-rata pengeluaran penduduk miskin cenderung semakin mendekati Garis Kemiskinan dan ketimpangan pengeluaran penduduk miskin juga semakin menyempit.

Bagaimana dengan penaggulannya oleh Pemerintah Indonesia?
Di dalam sebuah pidatonya, Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menuturkan rencana-rencana dalam menanggulangi kemiskinan dengan membagi program bantuan untuk rakyat miskin ke dalam empat klaster. Klaster pertama merupakan program bantuan dan perlindungan sosial, di antaranya berwujud beras murah untuk masyarakat ekonomi tidak mampu (raskin), Program Keluarga Harapan, Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (BOS), dan jaminan kesehatan masyarakat atau Jamkesmas. Klaster kedua melalui Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM) Mandiri. Klaster ketiga melalui Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR). Kemudian klaster keempat yang mulai efektif pada 2012 dan dilaksanakan secara bertahap meliputi sejumlah program, yaitu rumah murah dan sangat murah, kendaraan umum angkutan murah, air bersih untuk rakyat, listrik murah dan hemat, peningkatan kehidupan nelayan, dan peningkatan kehidupan masyarakat miskin perkotaan.
            Salah satu program konkret yang dilakukan pemerintah pada tahun 2007 untuk mengentaskan kemiskinan adalah Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM), yang menelan anggaran Rp51 Trilliun yang menjangkau 33 provinsi, 2.891 kecamatan, dan 33.527 desa/kelurahan atau 31,92 juta orang miskin di Indonesia. Upaya-upaya lain pemerintahan SBY mengentaskan kemiskinan memberi penekanan pada aspek-aspek social masyarakat dan telah terealisasikan sejak tahun 2007, antara lain:
·         Bantuan Langsung Tunai (BLT)
·         Beras untuk rakyat miskin (Raskin)
·         Bantuan untuk sekolah/pendidikan
·         Bantuan kesehatan gratis
·         Pembangunan perumahan rakyat
·         Pemberian kredit mikro
·         Bantuan untuk petani dan peningatan produksi pangan
·         Bantuan untuk nelayan dan sektor perikanan
·         Peningkatan kesejahteraan PNS, termasuk TNI dan Polri
·         Peningkatan kesejahteraan buruh
·         Bantuan untuk penyandang cacat (Jamsos)
·         Pelayanan publik cepat dan murah untuk rakyat

2.      Kemiskinan di Aceh

Kemiskinan di Aceh merupakan phenomena pedesaaan dengan sejumlah besar masyarakat Aceh masih rentan terhadap kemiskinan (memiliki pendapatan hanya diatas garis kemiskinan). Sumber daya alam yang berlimpah tidak menghasilkan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi atau tingkat kemiskinan yang rendah. Aceh akan memiliki sumber daya yang diperlukan untuk memerangi kemiskinan dan meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi, tetapi efisiensi dalam alokasi sumber daya merupakan kunci keberhasilan.
Tingkat kemiskinan meningkat sedikit pada tahun 2005 dan menurun kembali ke tingkat ra-tsunami pada tahun 2006, difasilitasi oleh berakhirnya konflik dan kegiatan rekonstruksi. Berikut data dari BPS Aceh mengenai persentase penduduk miskin 2004-2011.

Tahun
Jumlah (Ribu Jiwa)
Persentase
Kota
Desa
Jumlah
Kota
Desa
Jumlah
2004
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• McGrath, Mel - Give Me the Child
• McPherson, Catriona - Dandy Gilver and a Spot of Toil and Trouble #12 Dandy Gilver, Society Sleuth, 1920s Scotland
• Moggach, Lottie - Under the Sun
• Moody, Susan - Quick on the Draw #3 Alex Quick
• Neary, Annemarie - The Orphans
• Oldham, Nick - Headhunter #3 Steve Flynn
• Quincy, D M - Murder in Mayfair #1 Atlas Catesby, Regency London
• Rees, Matt Benyon - The 7th Threat #2 Dominic Verrazzano
• Reynolds, Amanda - Close to Me
• Richardson, Matthew - My Name Is Nobody #1 Wilde and Vine
• Ripley, Mike - Mr Campion's Abdication #4 Albert Campion
• Robinson, Peter - Sleeping in the Ground #24 Insp. Alan Banks, Yorkshire
• Robotham, Michael - The Secrets She Keeps
• Roslund & Hellstrom - Three Minutes #7 Detective Inspector Ewert Grens
• Rowson, Pauline - Lost Voyage #3 Former Royal Marine Commando, Special Boat Services Officer, Art Marvik
• Scarrow, Simon - Playing With Death (with Lee Francis)
• Seddon, Holly - Don't Close Your Eyes
• Sheridan, Sara - Russian Roulette #6 Mirabelle Bevan (retired Secret Service), 1950s
• Silver, Abi - The Pinocchio Brief
• Sinclair, J G - Walk in Silence
• Svensson, Anton - Made In Sweden Part 2: The Sons
• Sykes, S D - City of Masks #3 Oswald de Lacy, 14C Kent
• Thomas, Mike - Splinter #2 DC Will MacReady, Cardiff
• Weaver, Tim - I Am Missing #8 David Raker, Missing Persons Investigator
• Welsh, Louise - No Dominion #3 Plague Times Trilogy

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          When Is The Best Time to Visit Laos?   
Laos is not the best-known country in Southeast Asia but perhaps it deserves to be. Whether you want world-class trekking, stunning natural scenery, adventure, beaches, or culture, there is always a best time to visit Laos.
          In increasingly diverse Charlotte, God goes by many names    

Two newsy items I came across recently got me wondering: In how many languages do people in Charlotte worship God these days?

I counted at least 20 – not a surprise when you consider how diverse our faith community has become. And I bet some of you could add to my list. (And hopefully will – see below.)

Those two newsy items:


  • At 7 p.m. on Thursday (Dec. 11),  thousands of Spanish-speaking Catholics are expected to converge on Bojangles Coliseum, 2700 E. Independence Blvd., for the annual celebration of the feast day of Our Lady of Guadalupe – or “Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe.”


  • A Polish-language Mass will be celebrated at 3 p.m. on Dec. 21 at St. Matthew Catholic Church, 8015 Ballantyne Commons Parkway.


To be sure, most local houses of worship still send their prayers up to “God.”

But, all over town, the Supreme Being is increasingly invoked by other names: “Dios” (in Spanish); “Gott” (German); “Elohim” and “Adonai” (Hebrew); “Allah” (Arabic); “Deus” (Latin); “Bóg” (Polish); “Theos” (Greek); “Dieu” (French); and many others.

I consulted a few folks in town who chart Charlotte’s growing diversity – including historian Tom Hanchett of the Levine Museum of the New South – and came up with a list of the languages of worship in the Charlotte area:


  • The Catholic Diocese has parishes where some or all of the Masses are in Spanish, Vietnamese, Korean and Latin. A few parishes periodically host Masses in other languages, including Polish and Tagalog (from the Philippines).


  • Orthodox Christian churches have services that are partly or totally said in Greek, Russian, Serbian, Armenian and Arabic.


  • The Jewish synagogues include prayers in Hebrew.


  • Muslims attending masjids, or mosques, are led in prayer in Arabic.


  • Various Protestant denominations – Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist – have immigrant congregations that worship in German, Khmer (the language of Cambodia), Korean, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and Tagalog.


  • Buddhist temples are the spiritual homes to immigrant communities that speak Chinese, Lao (from Laos), Vietnamese and Khmer.


  • The sacred language at the Hindu temples is Sanskrit.


  • Haitian churches have services in French.


  • Immigrant churches with congregations from African countries worship in such indigenous language groups as Akan (from Ghana) and Amharic (from Ethiopia).



OK, that’s our list. What languages have we left out? Email them (and any related houses of worship) to: tfunk@charlotteobserver.com

-- Tim Funk
          charles duvelle and hisham mayet - the photographs of charles duvelle: disques ocora and collection prophet (2cd + book)   
]]>Disques Ocora, a French label dedicated to capturing and publishing the sounds of folkloric culture from around the world, is held in the highest possible regard in the realms of professional and amateur ethnomusicology. Instigated in 1958 by Pierre Schaeffer, the founder of musique concrète, Disques Ocora's sterling reputation is largely built on composer and musicologist Charles Duvelle's pioneering field recordings, as well as his now-iconic photographs and graphic design. Charles Duvelle's work is indisputably one of the most important contributions to the human understanding of the rich biodiversity of our planet's music and language. In 1977, his field recordings from Benin were selected by Carl Sagan for inclusion on the Voyager Golden Records, which were carried into outer space by the Voyager spacecraft to stand as an example of humanity's highest musical expressions for the universe's unknown listeners. Sublime Frequencies' most ambitious project to date, this 296-page fine-art photography book comprises an exhaustive collection of Charles Duvelle's field photography from 1959 to 1978 (188 black-and-white and 58 color photographs), demonstrating that this master musicologist had an equally unerring eye for photography; Includes a photo index listing the details of each photograph. It also contains an exhaustive interview with Charles Duvelle by Hisham Mayet, detailing the history of the label and offering Duvelle's unique insights into the discipline of field recording (French and English facing text). The package includes two full-length CDs of archival recordings (some of which have never been published) selected, compiled, and fully annotated by Duvelle himself. Most of the tracks on CD one (Africa) are complete versions of truncated tracks from OOP Ocora LPs. CD two, which includes performances by Sohan Lal, Kheo Oudon, and Madurai Ramaswami Gautam, is focused on material from Asia (music from India and Laos), with two long tracks that have never been released (a third track is a complete unedited version). The material focuses on the five regions surveyed during his time with Ocora: West Africa, Central Africa, Indian Ocean, Pacific Islands, and SouthEast Asia. It includes "Disques Ocora / Charles Duvelle Discography, 1959-1974", a complete overview illustrated with 94 full-color album thumbnails, "The Prophet Collection, 1999-2004" a discography of Duvelle's post-Ocora label illustrated with 41 full-color album thumbnails, "Eastern Music in Black Africa", a 17-page report prepared by Charles Duvelle at the request of UNESCO (February 1970), and a review of the Ocora catalogues (1964-1973). In a tribute to Disques Ocora's exquisite design sensibility, the book is printed on 170 gsm Lumisilk matte art paper and bound in grey buckram with gold foil stamping on the cover and spine. The front cover includes a tipped-on glossy photograph by Charles Duvelle. Hardcover book; 10"x10"; 296 pages; 4.5 lbs. Produced and edited by Hisham Mayet. - The Photographs of Charles Duvelle: Disques Ocora and Collection Prophet focuses on composer and musicologist Charles Duvelle's pioneering field recordings, as well as his now-iconic photographs and graphic design. - The material focuses on the five regions surveyed during his time with Ocora: West Africa, Central Africa, Indian Ocean, Pacific Islands, and SouthEast Asia. - This 296-page fine-art photography book comprises an exhaustive collection of Charles Duvelle's field photography from 1959 to 1978 (188 black-and-white and 58 color photographs). - Two CDs of archival recordings (some of which have never been published) selected, annotated, and compiled exclusively for this volume by Charles Duvelle. - Contains an exhaustive interview with Charles Duvelle by Hisham Mayet. - The book is printed on 170 gsm Lumisilk matte art paper. ]]>
          ARTI CANDI   


Istilah ‘candi’ tidak hanya digunakan oleh masyarakat untuk menyebut tempat ibadah dengan bentuk bangunan layaknya bangunan peribadatan saja. Hampir semua situs-situs purbakala dari masa Hindu-Budha atau Klasik Indonesia, baik sebagai istana, pemandian/petirtaan, gapura, dan sebagainya, disebut dengan istilah candi.
Candi adalah sebuah bangunan tempat ibadah dari peninggalan masa lampau yang berasal dari agama Hindu-Buddha. Digunakan sebagai tempat pemujaan dewa-dewa. Namun demikian, istilah 'candi' tidak hanya digunakan oleh masyarakat untuk menyebut tempat ibadah saja. Banyak situs-situs purbakala lain dari masa Hindu-Buddha atau Klasik Indonesia, baik sebagai istana, pemandian/petirtaan, gapura, dan sebagainya, disebut dengan istilah candi. Candi juga berasal dari kata “Candika” yang berarti nama salah satu Dewa kematian (Durga). Karenanya candi selalu dihubungkan dengan monumen untuk memuliakan Raja yang meninggal. Contohnya candi Kidal untuk memuliakan Raja Anusapati, selain itu candi pula berfungsi sebagai:
- Candi Stupa: didirikan sebagai lambang Budha, contoh candi Borobudur
- Candi Pintu Gerbang: didirikan sebagai gapura atau pintu masuk, contohnya candi Bajang Ratu
- Candi Balai Kambang / Tirta: didirikan didekat / ditengah kolam, contoh candi Belahan - Candi Pertapaan: didirikan di lereng – lereng tempat Raja bertapa, contohnya candi Jalatunda
- Candi Vihara: didirikan untuk tempat para pendeta bersemedhi contohnya candi Sari

Struktur bangunan candi terdiri dari 3 bagian :
1. Kamadhatu : kaki candi adalah bagian dasar sekaligus membentuk denahnya (berbentuk segi empat, ujur sangkar atau segi 20)
2. Rupadhatu : Tubuh candi. Terdapat kamar – kamar tempat arca atau patung
3. Arupadhatu : atap candi: berbentuk limasan, bermahkota stupa, lingga, ratna atau amalaka Bangunan candi ada yang berdiri sendiri ada pula yang kelompok. Ada dua system dalam pengelempokan candi, yaitu:
- Sistem Konsentris (hasil pengaruh dari India) yaitu induk candi berada di tengah – tengah anak – anak candi, contohnya kelompok candi lorojongrang dan prambanan
- Sistem membelakangi (hasil kreasi asli Indonesia )yaitu induk candi berada di belakang anak – anak candi, contohnya candi penataran Suatu candi di masa lampau biasanya berfungsi dan digunakan masyarakat dari latar belakang agamanya, yaitu Hindu-Saiwa, Budha Mahayana, Siwa Buddha dan Rsi.

Bangunan candi terbagi menjadi:
1. Candi Kerajaan, yaitu yang digunakan oleh seluruh warga kerajaan. Contoh: C.Borobudur, C.Prambanan, C.Sewu, C.Plaosan (Jawa Tengah), C.Panataran di Jawa Timur.
2. Candi Wanua/watak,yaitu candi yang digunakan oleh seluruh masyarakat pada daerah tertentu pada suatu kerajaan. Contoh:candi yang berasal dari masa Majapahit,C.Sanggrahandi (Tulung Agung, Jawa Tengah), C.Gebang (Yogya),C.Pringapus (tulung Agung, Jawa Tengah).
3. Candi pribadi, yaitu candi yang digunakan untuk mendharmakan seorang tokoh. Contoh: C.Kidal (pendharmaan Anusapati,raja Singhasari), C.Jajaghu (Pendharmaan Wisnuwardhana,raja Singhasari), C.Ngrimbi (pendharmaan Tribuanatunggadewi, ibu Hayam Wuruk),C. Tegawangi (pendharmaan Bhre Matahun), dan C. Surawana (pendharmaan Bhre Wengker).

ARSITEKTUR CANDI
Pembangunan candi dibuat berdasarkan beberapa ketentuan yang terdapat dalam suatu kitab Vastusastra atau Silpasastra yang dikerjakan oleh silpin yaitu seniman yang membuat candi (arsitek zaman dahulu). Salah satu bagian dari kitab Vastusastra adalah Manasara yang berasal dari India Selatan, yang tidak hanya berisi patokan-patokan membuat kuil beserta seluruh komponennya saja, melainkan juga arsitektur profan, bentuk kota, desa, benteng, penempatan kuil-kuil di kompleks kota/desa, dll. Beberapa ketentuan dari kitab selain Manasara namun sangat penting di Indonesia adalah syarat bahwa bangunan suci sebaiknya didirikan di dekat air, baik air sungai (terutama di dekat pertemuan 2 buah sungai, danau, laut, bahkan kalau tidak ada harus dibuat kolam buatan atau meletakkan sebuah jambangan berisi air di dekat pintu masuk bangunan suci tersebut. Selain di dekat air, tempat terbaik mendirikan sebuah candi yaitu di puncak bukit, di lereng gunung, di hutan, di lembah,dsb. Seperti kita ketahui, candi-candi pada umumnya didirikan di dekat sungai, bahkan candi Borobudur terletak di dekat pertemuan sungai Opak dan sungai Progo.

Bahan-bahan untuk membuat candi:
1. Batu kali (andesit)
2. Batu putih, seperti di C.Ratu Boko, Jateng
3. Batu bata kuno (keras, berbeda dengan bata pada saat ini)

Macam-macam denah candi:
1. denah bujur sangkar
2. denah persegi panjang
3. denah lingkaran

PERBANDINGAN CANDI DI JAWA TENGAH DAN DI JAWA TIMUR

Pabila kita perhatikan lebih spesifik, terdapat banyak perbedaan antara candi-candi yang ada di Jawa Tengah dengan candi-candi yang ada di Jawa Timur. Memang ada persamaannya seperti fungsi dan strukturnya secara umum. Perbedaan-perbedaan spesifik candi di kedua wilayah itu diantaranya adalah;
1. Segi bentuk candinya. Secara umum candi-candi yang ada di Jawa Tengah bentuknya terkesan tambun (gemuk) sedangkan di Jatim lebih ramping.
2. Pada pintu (relung pintu masuk) terdapat KALA-MAKARA yang di Jatim jarang dijumpai Makaranya.

3. Relief yang terpahat pada dinding candi-candi di Jawa Tengah adalah relief timbul dengan gaya naturalis sementara pada candi-candi di Jawa Timur sedikit timbul dengan gaya impresif.
4. Di Jateng, candi induk diletakkan di tengah komplek perandian sedangkan di Jatim agak kebelakang.
5. Candi-candi di Jateng banyak yang menghadap ke timur, dan yang berada di Jatim banyak berarah hadap ke barat.
6. Bahan baku pembuatan candi di Jawa Tengah dari batu andesit (batuan vulkanik/batu kali) dan di Jawa Timur sebagian besar terbuat dari batu bata (bata merah = dari tanah liat).

BEBERAPA CANDI DI INDONESIA:
1. Jawa Barat
- Candi Cangkuang (Garut) - Candi Jiwa (Kerawang)
- Situs Batujaya (Kerawang) - Situs Karangkamulyan ( Ciamis )
- Candi Bojongmenje ( Bandung )
2. Jawa Tengah
a. Kabupaten Magelang
- Candi Borobudur, Borobudur, Magelang - Candi Mendut, Mendut, Magelang
- Candi Pawon, Borobudur, Magelang - Candi Ngawen, Muntilan,
- Candi Asu, Magelang - Candi Lumbung, Magelang
- Candi Canggal atau Candi Gunung Wukir, Salam, Magelang
- Candi Selagriya, Magelang - Candi Losari, Salam, Magelang
- Candi Gunungsari, Muntilan, Magelang
b. Kabupaten Klaten
- Candi Bubrah, Prambanan - Candi Prambanan, Prambanan,
- Candi Plaosan (Lor), Prambanan - Candi Plaosan Kidul, Prambanan,
- Candi Sewu, Prambanan - Candi Lumbung, Prambanan
- Candi Sojiwan, Prambanan - Candi Karangnongko,
- Candi Merak, Karangnongko
c. Kabupaten Karanganyar
- Candi Sukuh, Karanganyar (lokasi)
- Candi Cetho, Karanganyar (lokasi)
- Candi Kethek, Karanganyar
d. Kabupaten Semarang
- Kompleks Candi Gedong Songo, Semarang
- Kompleks Candi Pringapus, Bawen, Ungaran
e. Kabupaten Banjarnegara
- Kompleks Candi Dieng, Banjarnegara
- Candi Arjuna - Candi Puntadewa
- Candi Bima - Candi Gatotkaca
- Candi Semar - Candi Srikandi
- Candi Dwarawati - Candi Sembadra
f. Kabupaten Wonosobo
• Candi Bogang, Wonosobo
g. Kabupaten Temanggung
• Candi Pringapus, Parakan, Temanggung
• Candi Gondosuli, Bulu, Temanggung
h. Kabupaten Salatiga
• Candi Dukuh, Salatiga
3. Daerah Istimewa YogyakartaSitus Arca Gupolo, (lokasi)
- Situs Goa Sentono - Situs Mantup
- Candi Kalasan - Candi Banyunibo
- Candi Ratu Boko - Candi Sambi Sari
- Candi Sari, - Candi Ijo
- Candi Barong - Candi Kedulan
- Candi Gebang - Candi Morangan
- Candi Gampingan, - Candi Watu Gudhig,
- Situs Payak Bantul, - Candi Keblak
- Candi Abang, - Candi Miri
- Candi Dawangsari
4. Jawa Timur
a. Kabupaten Malang
- Candi Badut (Malang) - Candi Jago (Tumpang, Malang)
- Candi Kidal (Tumpang, Malang) - Candi Singosari (Singosari, Malang)
- Candi Sanggariti (Batu, Malang) - Stupa Sumberawan (Singosari, Malang)
- Candi Rambut Monte (Krisik, Ngantang, Malang) - Candi Selakelir
- Kompleks Percandian Gunung Arjuna
Grup Sepilo; Bhatara Guru; Candi Madrin; Patuk Lesung; Candi Kembang; Candi Lepek; Rhatawu; Hyang Semar; Watu Ireng; Rancang Kencana; Candi Wesi; Makutarama; Sepilo;
- Grup Indrokilo
Satria Manggung; Indrikilo; Candi Laras; Gua Gambir
b. Kabupaten Kediri
 Candi Surowono (Pare, Kediri)
 Candi Tegowangi (Plemahan, Kediri)
 Arca Totok Kerot (Pagu, Kediri)
 Situs Calon Arang Kediri
 Situs Tondowongso (Gayam,Kediri)
 Candi Dorok (Puncu, Kediri)
c. Kota Kediri
Kompleks Pertapaan Goa Selomangleng (Mojoroto,Kediri)
d. Kabupaten Nganjuk
 Candi Lor (Loceret, Nganjuk)
 Candi Ngetos (Ngetos, Nganjuk)
e. Kabupaten Jombang
 Candi Rimbi (Bareng, Jombang)
f. Kabupaten Pasuruan
 Candi Jawi (Prigen, Pasuruan)
 Candi Kebo Ireng (Kejapanan, Pasuruan)
 Candi Gunung Gangsir (Beji, Pasuruan)
 Kompleks Percandian Gunung Welirang
 Reco Lanang
 Reco Wadon
 Watu Meja
 Watu Kaca
g. Kabupaten Mojokerto
- Candi Bangkal (Ngoro, Mojosari) - Kompleks Trowulan (Mojokerto)
- Candi Tikus - Candi Klinterejo (Sooko, Mojokerto)
- Candi Menak Jingga - Candi Brahu
- Candi Gentong - Gapura Wringin Lawang
- Gapura Bajang Ratu - Kolam Segaran
- Candi Kedaton (Trowulan, Mojokerto)
- Kompleks Percandian Gunung Penangungan (Trawas, Mojokerto)
Petirtaan Jalatunda; Candi Kama I; Candi Kama II; Candi Gajah Mungkur; Candi Wayang; Candi Kendalisada; Candi Pasetran; Gapura Jedong (gapura tipe candi bentar); Petirtaan Watu Tetek; Petirtaan Belahan; Candi Lemari; Candi Gentong
h. Kabupaten Blitar
- Candi Bacem (Sutojayan, Blitar) - Candi Boro (Sanan Kulon, Blitar)
- Candi Kalicilik (Ponggok, Blitar) - Candi Kotes (Gandusari, Blitar)
- Candi Wringin Branjang (Gandusari, Blitar)
- Candi Sawentar (Kanigoro, Garum, Blitar)
- Candi Sumbernanas (Ponggok, Blitar)
- Candi Sumberjati atau Candi Simping (Suruhwadang, Blitar)
- Kompleks Percandian Penataran (Nglegok, Blitar)
Candi Penataran (Nglegok, Blitar); Candi Gambar Wetan (Nglegok, Blitar); Candi Plumbangan (Doko, Blitar); Candi Tepas (Kasembon, Blitar
i. Kabupaten Probolinggo
 Candi Kedaton (Tiris, Probolinggo)
 Candi Jabung (Paiton, Probolinggo)
j. Kabupaten Tulungagung
 Candi Gayatri atau Candi Boyolangu (Boyolangu, Tulungagung)
 Candi Dadi (Boyolangu, Tulungagung)
 Candi Meja (Boyolangu, Tulungagung)
 Candi Cungkup atau Candi Sanggrahan (Boyolangu, Tulungagung)
 Candi Selomangleng atau Goa Pertapaan Selomangleng (Boyolangu, Tulungagung)
 Candi Penampihan atau Candi Asmoro Bangun (Sendang, Tulungagung)
 Candi Mirigambar (Sumbergempol, Tulungagung)
 Candi Ngampel (Kalidawir, Tulungagung)
 Candi Kanigoro (Campurdarat, Tulungagung)
k. Kabupaten Trenggalek
 Candi Pendem (Trenggalek)
l. Kabupaten Magetan
 Candi Sadon (Magetan)
m. Kabupaten Sidoarjo
 Candi Pari (Porong, Sidoarjo) seberang Kolam Lumpur LAPINDO

5, Bali
 Candi Gunung Kawi, Gianyar
 Situs Goa Gajah, Tampaksiring, Gianyar

6. Sumatra
 Candi Muara Takus di Riau
 Candi Biaro Bahal di Tapanuli Selatan
 Candi Muaro Jambi di Jambi
 Candi Lesung Batu di Lesungbatu, Rawas Ulu, Musi Rawas, Sumatera Selatan
7. Kalimantan
 Candi Agung di Amuntai Tengah, Hulu Sungai Utara, Kalimantan Selatan. Candi Hindu.
 Candi Laras di Candi Laras Selatan, Tapin, Kalimantan Selatan. Candi Buddha.
 Situs Pematang Bata di Candi Laras Selatan, Tapin, Kalimantan Selatan
 Candi Tanjungpura, di desa Benua Lama, Benua Kayong, Ketapang, Kalimantan Barat
 Batu Lasung (yoni), desa Cantung Kiri Hilir, Kelumpang Hulu, Kotabaru, Kalsel

( Untuk melihat contoh gambar candi di Indonesia dapat melihat sidebar sebelah kanan : Disarikan dari berbagai sumber )



          Four reasons why this consistory was an unusual one   

Vatican City, Jul 1, 2017 / 04:35 am (CNA/EWTN News).- A consistory is a gathering of cardinals, which the Pope can convoke to give solemnity to a particular decision, or simply to ask his “Senate” to counsel him on an important issue. However, the most recent consistory, held June 28, was rather exceptional. Here are four reasons why.

A surprise consistory

The June 28 consistory was a real surprise: when Pope Francis announced it May 21, there had been none of the normal hints that he was going to call for one.

For one thing, there were only a few open “slots” in the College of Cardinals. According to the norm set by Bl. Paul VI and confirmed by St. John Paul II, there can be only 120 cardinals who have voting rights in the event of a conclave to choose the next Pope (the primary responsibility of cardinals).

However, Pope Francis made the decision to create five new cardinals, so following this week’s consistory, there are now 121 cardinals with the right to vote in a future conclave, surpassing the normal limit of 120.

He is not the first Pope to do so. St. John Paul II created 44 cardinals in the Feb. 21, 2001 consistory. This made 135 cardinals with voting rights, a full 15 over the limit set by Paul VI.

A small number of cardinals

Also unusual for a single consistory: Pope Francis created just five cardinals.

Only one of them comes from Europe, while the other four come from countries that have never had a cardinal before: Mali, El Salvador, Sweden, and Laos.

This consistory, to some extent, is similar to the final one convoked by Pope Benedict XVI, which took place Nov. 24, 2012.  During that consistory, Benedict XVI created only six new cardinals, and none of them hailed from Europe: it was the first consistory since 1924 with no Europeans in the list of new cardinals.

In 1977, Pope Paul VI convoked his final consistory, creating only four new cardinals. Among them was Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI.

The visit to the Pope emeritus

Another interesting aspect to this consistory: the newly created cardinals, joined by Pope Francis, paid a visit to the former pontiff, Benedict XVI.

Ever since Pope Francis has convoked consistories, the Pope emeritus has been taken into consideration and had some role in them.

Benedict XVI took part in Pope Francis’ first two consistories for the creation of new cardinals, held Feb. 22, 2013 and Feb. 14, 2014.

Though the Pope emeritus did not take part in the third of Pope Francis’ consistories, held Nov. 19, 2016, the newly created cardinals paid a visit to him in the Mater Ecclesiae monastery where he lives.

This time the new cardinals were accompanied by Pope Francis as they paid a visit to Benedict XVI.

The lack of a pre-consistory meeting for a general discussion

According to the Code of Canon Law, there are two types of consistories: ordinary and extraordinary.

All cardinals are called to take part in extraordinary consistories, which are celebrated only in particular cases. In contrast, ordinary consistories are summoned when the Pope needs the cardinals’ counsel on some issue, or to add solemnity to a decision by the Pope, for example the canonization of saints or the creation of new cardinals.

Sometimes both types of consistories take place consecutively. The first two ordinary consistories convoked by Pope Francis were preceded by extraordinary consistories, as the Pope took advantage of the cardinals’ presence in Rome to discuss important issues.

The Feb. 22, 2014 consistory was preceded by an extraordinary consistory on the issues of the family, while the Feb. 14, 2015 consistory was preceded by an extraordinary consistory to discuss the reform of the Curia.

In contrast, neither this week’s consistory nor the one that took place on Nov. 19, 2016 were preceded by pre-consistory meetings.

 


          Laos' first cardinal focused on evangelization, dialogue   

Pakse, Laos, Jun 29, 2017 / 03:45 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- When selecting new cardinals, Pope Francis has often sought to go to the “peripheries” of the Church, which is particularly notable in his elevation of Cardinal Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun of Paksé.

Cardinal Ling's local Church is an apostolic vicariate in Laos, a communist country of southeast Asia where Catholics make up only about one percent of the population. He is the first cardinal to hail from the nation.

The newly-minted cardinal’s resume includes a number of issues of keen interest for Francis, including evangelization, pastoral aid for the faithful where the Church is persecuted, a use of dialogue in diplomatic relations, and a concern for the environment.

Born in Laos in 1944, Cardinal Ling attend a seminary of the Voluntas Dei Institute (associated with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate) in Canada, and was ordained a priest of the Vicariate Apostolic of Vientiane in 1972, three years before the communist takeover of the country.

He was appointed vicar apostolic of Paksé in 2000, and consecrated a bishop the following year. He was elevated to the cardinalate June 28.

Cardinal Ling’s ministry in the majority-Buddhist country has been greatly varied as he has responded to the unique challenges facing the Church and the people there. Catholics number just over a mere 45,000 in the country of 7 million, and are served by only 33 priests.

“We are in the minority as Catholics, but we understand each other always; whether you are a cardinal or not, you are the same, you have to be simple and really with the people,” he told CNA.

Given such a small Catholic population, Cardinal Ling, 73, has long placed importance on catechesis and evangelization. Many married missionaries, as well as the country’s seminarians, go into villages to minister to the Catholic flock there. He is also described as placing an emphasis on integrating Christianity into the local culture in order to promote harmony with the religious majority of the country.

The communist takeover in 1975 posed a great challenge for the Church in Laos, which, anticipating persecution, stopped or scaled back many of its public liturgies and catechetical programs. Foreign missionaries were expelled. However, a surprisingly tolerant government has since allowed for the re-growth of the Church. However, the Church still faces challenges from the powers that be.

“The Church is treated very poorly in Laos – probably the worst in ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) save for Brunei,” a “well-place[d] diplomat source” told UCA News in May.

Cardinal Ling is noted for having good relationships with government authorities. Despite challenges, the cardinal holds out hope for the future of his flock. While Laos is one of the few countries lacking full diplomatic relations with the Vatican, progress has been made in the recent past, and the presence of a Laotian in the College of Cardinals will offer a prime opportunity for continued building of these relationships.

Fr. Raphael Tran Xuan Nhan of Vietnam, who has worked in Laos since 2005, described Bishop Ling to UCA News as a “kind, friendly, wise and open-minded man” who is “interested in evangelization work and welcomes all foreign missionaries to his country.” He describes the cardinal's diplomatic approach as “dialogue rather than confrontation.”

The beatification of 17 martyrs from the region, killed by communist forces in the second half of the twentieth century, was yet another sign of warming Church-state relations, as well as providing a sense of renewal for local Catholics.

The new cardinal has also spoken out of concern for the environment, responding to fast-paced deforestation in the region.

“Now we are starting to destroy ourselves,” he said, as reported by UCA News. “It’s not from climate change itself but [it is] coming from human beings and humans doing something very wrong to destroy the earth.”

The elevation of Ling to the College of Cardinals represents a peripheral perspective from a long-time pastor with broad experience in many of the challenges facing the Church today.


Alexey Gotovskiy contributed to this report.


          SOMETHING   
Added: Feb 17, 2013
By: marcellaostuni
Views: 132

          Αναχωρεί για την τελική φάση του πανελλήνιου παμπαίδων η αποστολή του Φιλίππου   
Αναχωρεί για την τελική φάση του πανελλήνιου παμπαίδων η αποστολή του Φιλίππου

Ολοκλήρωσε την προετοιμασία της η ομάδα παμπαίδων Α του Φιλίππου Βέροιας και πίστη στην παράδοση αναχωρεί τη Δευτέρα το πρωί για την τελική φάση του πανελλήνιου πρωταθλήματος (Danaon cup), θέλοντας να συνεχίσει την πορεία του συλλόγου στα ηλικιακά πρωταθλήματα. Μέρος αυτής της προετοιμασίας, εκτός των προπονήσεων, αποτέλεσε και η συμμετοχή του τμήματος σε διεθνές τουρνουά του Μαυροβουνίου, κατακτώντας  μάλιστα την πρώτη θέση.

Η αποστολή του Φιλίππου αποτελείται από δυο ομάδες. Στοχεύει στο να αποκτήσουν οι νεαροί αθλητές νέες εμπειρίες και να αγωνιστούν για το καλύτερο δυνατό αποτέλεσμα.

Οι αθλητές που θα εκπροσωπήσουν τον σύλλογο στο πανελλήνιο πρωτάθλημα είναι οι κάτωθι: 

1. ΓΚΙΛΙΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ ΘΕΟΔΩΡΟΣ

2. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΑΔΗΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΟΣ

3. ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑΔΗΣ ΠΑΝΑΓΙΩΤΗΣ

4. ΕΜΜΑΝΟΥΗΛΙΔΗΣ ΣΤΥΛΙΑΝΟΣ

5. ΖΑΜΑΝΗΣ ΠΕΤΡΟΣ

6. ΚΑΝΑΚΑΡΗΣ ΘΩΜΑΣ

7. ΚΑΠΡΑΡΑΣ ΣΤΕΡΓΙΟΣ

8. ΚΑΡΑΓΙΟΒΑΝΗΣ ΧΑΡΑΛΑΜΠΟΣ

9. ΚΑΡΑΝΑΤΣΙΟΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΟΣ

10. ΚΑΤΡΑΝΑΣ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΟΣ

11. ΚΑΤΣΑΒΟΣ ΝΗΡΕΑΣ-ΘΩΜΑΣ

12. ΚΙΡΜΑΝΙΔΗΣ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΟΣ

13. ΛΥΚΟΣΤΡΑΤΗΣ ΓΡΗΓΟΡΙΟΣ-ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΣ

14. ΜΟΥΠΑΣΙΡΙΔΗΣ ΘΕΜΙΣΤΟΚΛΗΣ

15. ΜΠΑΖΟΥΚΗΣ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΟΣ

16. ΜΠΟΓΙΑΤΖΗΣ ΓΙΑΝΝΗΣ

17. ΝΙΩΠΑΣ ΑΧΙΛΛΕΑΣ

18. ΠΑΠΑΓΙΑΝΝΗΣ ΧΡΗΣΤΟΣ

19. ΠΕΛΕΚΗΣ ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ

20. ΠΕΤΡΟΜΕΛΙΔΗΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ

21. ΠΕΤΡΟΜΕΛΙΔΗΣ ΙΩΑΚΕΙΜ

22. ΣΑΡΑΦΗΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΙΟΣ

23. ΣΤΑΝΚΙΔΗΣ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ

24. ΣΤΕΦΑΝΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ-ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΣ

25. ΤΖΩΡΤΖΙΝΗΣ ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΣ

26. ΤΣΑΜΗΤΡΟΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΟΣ

27. ΤΣΙΑΜΗΤΡΟΣ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ

28. ΧΟΥΔΑΒΕΡΔΟΓΛΟΥ ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ


          Στίβος - Διακρίσεις του Φιλίππου στο Λιτόχωρο   
Στίβος - Διακρίσεις του Φιλίππου στο Λιτόχωρο

Έγιναν την Τετάρτη το απόγευμα στο Λιτόχωρο στο στάδιο Πύρρος Δήμας, οι αγώνες στίβου ’ΟΛΥΜΠΙΑ’. Ο Φίλιππος συμμετείχε με αρκετούς μικρούς αθλητές και αθλήτριες που πέτυχαν ατομικές επιδόσεις και κέρδισαν τρία μετάλλια. Αναλυτικά: 

 

Αγόρια

80μ. Π/Π Α’ 1ος Αμανατίδης Θεόφιλος 9’’42, 7ος Μαγγαλιός Κων/ος 9’’67

1000μ Π/Π Α 10ος Παπανικολάου Δημήτριος 2’54’’1

Μήκος Π/Π Α’ 1ος Αμανατίδης Θεόφιλος 6.25 μ

1000 μ Π/Π Β’ 4ος Αθανασάκης Παναγιώτης 3’19’’

Μήκος Π/Π Β 6ος Αθανασάκης Παναγιώτης 5.13

Κορίτσια

80μ. Π/Κ Α’ 11η Αθανασάκη Ρεβέκκα 10’’50

14η Βράνα Αναστασία 10’’69

300 Π/Κ Α 23η Ξυνάδα Αλκμήνη 46’’35

Μήκος π/κ Α’ 1η Αθανασάκη Ρεβέκκα 5.45

Ακόντιο Π/Π Α 6η Γκαλίτσιου Δήμητρα 30.21, 9η Κοσμίδου Ελένη 26.94

Ύψος Π/Κ Α Μελιοπούλου Γιαννούλα 1.49

60μ Π/Κ Β 7η Καγκελίδου Φωτεινή 8’’.23

1000 Π/Κ β 15η Καραγιώργου Στεργιαννή 4’14’’

Μήκος Π/Κ Β 4η Αραμπατζή Ελένη 4.92

18η Μπέκα Κατερίνα 4.45

19η Δοξοπούλου Ελένη 4.45

20η Θεοχαροπούλου Φαιη 4.40

22η Πίσκου Σουλτάνα 4.30

27η Βενετικίδου Θεοδώρα 4.20

30η Αβραμίδου Άννα 4.00

Σφαιρα Π/Κ Β 11η Ιατρού Φανή 6.64

50μ Π/Κ ΜΙΝΙ 22η Ξυνάδα Αριάνδη 8’’34

46η Ξυνάδα Αρσινόη 9’’50


          Ποδοσφαιριστής της «Βασίλισσας» ο Δημήτρης Λίταινας   
Ποδοσφαιριστής  της «Βασίλισσας»  ο Δημήτρης Λίταινας

Η ΠΑΕ ΒΕΡΟΙΑ ανακοινώνει την απόκτηση του Δημήτρη Λίταινα. Ο νεαρός μεσοεπιθετικός (γεννήθηκε στις 21/9/1995) υπέγραψε μονοετές συμβόλαιο συνεργασίας με τη «Βασίλισσα του Βορρά». Ο 21χρονος μεσοεπιθετικός την προηγούμενη σεζόν αγωνίστηκε στο πρωτάθλημα της Football League με τη φανέλα της Καλλονής (25 συμμετοχές), ενώ επαγγελματικά ξεκίνησε την καριέρα του από την ομάδα του Τυρνάβου.


          All Star Team με έντονο άρωμα Ημαθίας στην τελική φάση του παιδικού χαντ-μπολ   
All Star Team με έντονο άρωμα Ημαθίας στην τελική φάση του παιδικού χαντ-μπολ

Με πέντε παίκτες στην καλύτερη επτάδα του φετινού πανελλήνιου παίδων στη Θεσσαλονίκη η Ημαθία, με τους αθλητές του πρωταθλητή Φιλίππου και του 5ου Ζαφειράκη.

Η κορυφαία επτάδα του τουρνουά:

Τερματοφύλακας: Τερλέτσκι (Άρης Νίκαιας)

Αριστερός εξτρέμ: Τζίμπουλας (Φίλιππος Βέροιας)

Αριστερός ίντερ: Τσιγαρίδας (Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας)

Πίβοτ: Ζαφειράκης (ΑΣΕ Δούκα)

Πλέι μέικερ: Δεληχρήστος (Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας)

Δεξιός ίντερ: Μπαλτατζής (Φίλιππος Βέροιας) και MVP

Δεξιός εξτρέμ: Κουκουτσίδης (Φίλιππος Βέροιας)

Κατά... 75% Ημαθία! Και είχαμε και απουσίες...


          Με 14 αθλητές στα φετινά ΄Ολύμπια΄ η Γ.Ε. Νάουσας   
Με 14 αθλητές στα φετινά ΄Ολύμπια΄ η Γ.Ε. Νάουσας

Την Τετάρτη 28/6 έγιναν στο Λιτόχωρο οι αγώνες στίβου ΄Ολύμπια 2017΄ της κατηγορίας ΠΠ/ΠΚ Α΄& Β΄ μεταξύ των συλλόγων της Βόρειας Ελλάδας και της Θεσσαλίας. Η Γ.Ε. Νάουσας συμμετείχε με 14 αθλητές και τα αποτελέσματα ήταν ενθαρρυντικά. Τα αποτελέσματα και οι θέσεις που κατέλαβαν οι αθλητές του συλλόγου ήταν:

ΠΚΑ΄:  

ΥΨΟΣ:  4η Πίπιλα Έλλη (1.49)

ΣΦΑΙΡΑ: 5η  Μπλιάτκα Φανή (10.46)

ΠΚΒ΄: 

ΜΗΚΟΣ: 5η Τσίλη Μαρία (4.85)

1000μ.: 12η Σίσκου Γεωργία(4’01’’9) - 15η Φειδάντση Ελένη(4’20’’6) - 17η Γιούρου Λυδία(4’30’’2)

60μ.: 37η Λυμπεροπούλου Νίκη(9’’22) - 44η Καρατσιώλη Ελένη(9’’50) - 49η Γεωργακοπούλου Έλενα(9’’84) 

ΠΠΑ΄: 

ΜΗΚΟΣ: 7ος  Ιωαννίδης Γεώργιος (5.90)

ΠΠΒ΄: 

ΜΗΚΟΣ: 4ος Μπακαλιός Κων/νος (5.15) - 10ος  Μπρούβαλης Αναστάσης (4.50)

1000μ.: 7ος  Κοσμαρίκος Γιάννης (3΄26’’7)

60μ.: 13ος  Μπιτέρνας Μιχαήλ (9’’27)


          Πανελλαδικό πρωτάθλημα tennis στη Βέροια   
Πανελλαδικό πρωτάθλημα tennis στη Βέροια

Την Τετάρτη 28 Ιουνίου ξεκίνησε το Εθνικό Πρωτάθλημα τένις επιπέδου Ε2 στη Βέροια. Διοργανωτής των αγώνων ο Όμιλος Αντισφαίρισης Βέροιας με εντολή της Ελληνικής Φίλαθλης Ομοσπονδίας Αντισφαίρισης και της Γ΄Ένωσης σωματείων αντισφαίρισης Κ.Δ. Μακεδονίας. Το πρωτάθλημα θα διαρκέσει μέχρι την Κυριακή 2 Ιουλίου. 

Εβδομήντα  Αγόρια και Κορίτσια κάτω των 16 ετών από πόλεις όλης της Ελλάδας , αγωνίζονται στα γήπεδα τένις του ΔΑΚ στο Μακροχώρι, για μια καλή θέση στην Πανελλήνια κατάταξη της κατηγορίας τους.

Τον Όμιλο Αντ/ρισης Βέροιας εκπροσωπούν η Παυλίδου Θένια και Γιαννακοβίτου Εμμανουέλα στο M.D. των κοριτσιών και ο Σαζακλόγλου Χρήστος στα προκριματικά των αγοριών.

Οι αγώνες  είναι υψηλού επιπέδου και προβλέπεται να προσφέρουν πλούσιο θέαμα στους φίλους του αθλήματος. 

Σήμερα Πέμπτη ξεκινούν οι αγώνες στο κυρίως ταμπλό από εννέα το πρωί έως το βράδυ και μπορούν να τους παρακολουθήσουν ελεύθερα όλοι.

Πληροφορίες στα τηλέφωνα: 23310/42412, 6977596507.


          Ο Βεροιώτης Κώστας Γκόσκινος 3ος στα τελικά του πανελληνίου πρωταθλήματος motocross 2017   
Ο Βεροιώτης Κώστας Γκόσκινος 3ος στα τελικά του πανελληνίου πρωταθλήματος motocross 2017

Τρίτος στην τελική βαθμολογία του πανελληνίου πρωταθλήματος motocross 2017 αναδείχθηκε ο Βεροιώτης Κώστας Γκόσκινος στην κατηγορία open, με 7 αγώνες. Με σωστή δουλειά αλλά και τους κατάλληλους ανθρώπους δίπλα του, φέτος, έριξε όλο το βάρος της προσοχής του, στις προπονήσεις του motocross αφήνοντας για λίγο το enduro.

Aν και ούτε ο ίδιος πίστευε πως θα καταφέρει να σηκώσει τόσο ψηλά τον πήχη, ένας άνθρωπος  με τεράστια εμπειρία από τον χώρο του μοτοκρος, του άλλαξε τη γνώμη και τον οδήγησε με σκληρή δουλειά και πολλές ώρες προπόνησης στην κατάκτηση του ονείρου του.

Ο ίδιος μέσα από προσωπική ανάρτηση στον λογαριασμό του στο facebook,  ευχαριστεί τους ανθρώπους που στάθηκαν δίπλα του, τους συνεργάτες, φίλους και φυσικά την σύζογο και τα παιδιά του, ενώ ανανέωσε το ραντεβού του στις πίστες για του χρόνου.

Συγχαρητήρια και ευχόμαστε να συνεχίσει η πορεία του το ίδιο ανοδικά!


          Με 2 αθλήτριες στο Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα η Κολυμβητική Ακαδημία Νάουσα   
Με 2  αθλήτριες στο Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα η Κολυμβητική Ακαδημία Νάουσα

Στο Ο.Α.Κ.Α βρέθηκε η Κολυμβητική Ακαδημία Νάουσα για να συμμετέχει στο Πανελλήνιο πρωτάθλημα Ανδρών – Γυναικών OPEN (όλες οι κατηγορίες) με τις αθλήτριες Λαφτσίδου Κατερίνα (έτος γεν. 2003) και Χαριάδου Θεοδώρα (έτος γεν. 2004).

Οι 2 αθλήτριες αν και ήταν οι μικρότερες ηλικιακά στα αγωνίσματά τους κατέκτησαν σημαντικές θέσεις φέρνοντας τους τρεις (3) πρώτους βαθμούς στην Κολυμβητική Ακαδημία «Νάουσα» κατατάσσοντάς την στην 31η θέση.

Πιο συγκεκριμένα κατέκτησαν:

  • η Λαφτσίδου Κατερίνα (2003) την 6η θέση στα 1500μ Γυναικών ( από την 11η) με χρόνο 17:49:61, νέο ατομικό ρεκόρ και ρεκόρ ομάδας, 12η στα 400 μ. ελεύθερο και 20 στα 200μ. ελεύθερο και
  • η Χαριάδου Δώρα (2004) την 20η θέση στα 200μ ύπτιο Γυναικών (από την 30η) με χρόνο 2:30:56, νέο ατομικό ρεκόρ και ρεκόρ ομάδας!!

 

Οι δύο αθλήτριες είχαν την ευκαιρία να γνωρίσουν από κοντά αλλά και να συναγωνιστούν σπουδαίες αθλήτριες, όπως την Κέλλη Αραούζου και τη Δώρα Δράκου και να παρακολουθήσουν από κοντά να αγωνίζονται αθλητές όπως ο Ανδρέας Βαζαίος και ο Απόστολος Χρήστου και να αποκομίσουν πολλές εμπειρίες για το μέλλον.


          Και τυπικά πρωταθλητής Ελλάδος στους Παίδες ο Φίλιππος με ακατάρριπτο ρεκόρ 54 τίτλων!   
Και τυπικά πρωταθλητής Ελλάδος στους Παίδες ο Φίλιππος με ακατάρριπτο ρεκόρ 54 τίτλων!

Ιστορία στο ελληνικό χάντμπολ συνεχίζει να γράφει ο Φίλιππος. Η ομάδα της Βέροιας κατέκτησε και τυπικά την Πέμπτη το Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα Παίδων για 10η φορά, έχοντας ακόμα 4 ασημένια και 5 χάλκινα (σύνολο 19). Αρκετά πίσω στην 2η θέση με 9 μετάλλια στο σύνολο βρίσκεται ο Ιωνικός ΝΦ, ενώ στην 3η θέση με 7 είναι ο Ζαφειράκης.

Αυτός ήταν ο Νο 54 τίτλος για τον σύλλογο στο ελληνικό χάντμπολ με τους 37 να προέρχονται από τα ηλικιακά τμήματα!
Στο Final-8 που ολοκληρώθηκε στη Θεσσαλονίκη, ο Φοίβος Συκεών πήρε το ασημένιο μετάλλιο, ενώ ο Άρης Νίκαιας το χάλκινο.

ΠΡΟΓΡΑΜΜΑ- ΑΠΟΤΕΛΕΣΜΑΤΑ

Δευτέρα 26 Ιουνίου 2017
1η αγωνιστική
Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας- Άρης Νίκαιας 15-21 (8-10)
Φοίβος Συκεών- Ιωνικός ΝΦ 34-21 (13-9)
Φίλιππος Βέροιας- ΧΑΝΘ 30-28 (16-16)
ΑΣΕ Δούκα- ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας 28-25 (13-9)
Τρίτη 27 Ιουνίου 2017

2η αγωνιστική
Φοίβος Συκεών- ΧΑΝΘ 23-17 (12-10)
Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας- ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας 29-30 (15-19)
Φίλιππος Βέροιας- Ιωνικός ΝΦ 34-27 (16-15)
ΑΣΕ Δούκα- Άρης Νίκαιας 15-17 (10-9)

3η αγωνιστική
Ιωνικός ΝΦ- ΧΑΝΘ 28-34 (12-13)
ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας- Άρης Νίκαιας 28-28 (15-12)
Φοίβος Συκεών- Φίλιππος Βέροιας 21-32 (6-16)
ΑΣΕ Δούκα- Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας 23-24 (13-10)

Τελικές Βαθμολογίες Α’ φάσης
Α’ όμιλος
1. Άρης Νίκαιας 5
2. ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας 3
3. Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας 2
4. ΑΣΕ Δούκα 2

Β’ όμιλος
1. Φίλιππος Βέροιας 6
2. Φοίβος Συκεών 4
3. ΧΑΝΘ 2

4. Ιωνικός 0

Τετάρτη 28 Ιουνίου 2017

ΔΑΚ Συκεών
Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας- Ιωνικός ΝΦ 26-26 (12-14)
ΧΑΝΘ- ΑΣΕ Δούκα 21-34 (11-19)
Άρης Νίκαιας- Φοίβος Συκεών 15-23 (5-9)
Φίλιππος Βέροιας- ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας 26-20 (11-11)

Πέμπτη 29 Ιουνίου 2017
ΔΑΚ Συκεών
ΑΣΕ Δούκα- Ιωνικός ΝΦ 27-17 (19-8)
Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας- ΧΑΝΘ 33-31 (12-13)
ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας- Φοίβος Συκεών 18-25 (9-12)
Άρης Νίκαιας- Φίλιππος Βέροιας 25-23 (13-10)

Τελικές Βαθμολογίες Β’ φάσης
Γ’ όμιλος (1-4 θέσεις)
1. Φίλιππος 4
2. Φοίβος Συκεών 4
3. Άρης Νίκαιας 3
4. ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας 1

Δ’ όμιλος (5-8 θέσεις)
1. Ζαφειράκης 5
2. ΑΣΕ Δούκα 4
3. ΧΑΝΘ 2
4. Ιωνικός ΝΦ 1

Τελική Κατάταξη
1. Φίλιππος
2. Φοίβος Συκεών
3. Άρης Νίκαιας
4. ΑΕΣΧ Πυλαίας
5. Ζαφειράκης
6. ΑΣΕ Δούκα
7. ΧΑΝΘ
8. Ιωνικός ΝΦ

All Star Team 5 στους 7 παίκτες του Φιλίππου και του Ζαφειράκη 

Τερματοφύλακας: Τερλέτσκι (Άρης Νίκαιας)
Α. εξτρέμ: Τζίμπουλας (Φίλιππος Βέροιας)
Α. ίντερ: Τσιγαρίδας (Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας)
Πίβοτ: Ζαφειράκης (ΑΣΕ Δούκα)
Πλέι μέικερ: Δεληχρήστος (Ζαφειράκης Νάουσας)
Δ. ίντερ: Μπαλτατζής (Φίλιππος Βέροιας)
Δ. εξτρέμ: Κουκουτσίδης (Φίλιππος Βέροιας)

MVP: Μπαλτατζής (Φίλιππος Βέροιας)
Αμυντικός: Μαρκατάτος (Φοίβος Συκεών)


          Η Έλενα Μούρνου ανανέωσε στην ομάδα χαντ μπολ γυναικών του ΠΑΟΚ   
Η Έλενα Μούρνου ανανέωσε στην ομάδα χαντ μπολ γυναικών του ΠΑΟΚ

Η Έλενα  Μούρνου θα αγωνίζεται στη γυναικεία ομάδα χάντμπολ του ΠΑΟΚ και την επόμενη σεζόν, καθώς το τμήμα επισημοποίησε μέσω ανακοίνωσης του την παραμονή της Βεροιώτισας  ίντερ στον «δικέφαλο» Να σημειώσουμε ότι η  Μούρνου ξεκίνησε από την ομάδα του Φιλίππου Βέροιας και συνεχίζει την ανοδική της πορείας με τις εξαιρετικές της εμφανίσεις τόσο με την φανέλα του ΠΑΟΚ όσο και αυτή της Εθνικής ομάδας.

Αναλυτικά η ανακοίνωση:

Ο ΑΣ ΠΑΟΚ και το τμήμα γυναικείου χάντμπολ ανακοινώνουν την ανανέωση της συνεργασίας τους με την αθλήτρια, Ελένη Μούρνου.

Η διεθνής ίντερ που αναδείχθηκε MVP του τελικού κυπέλλου το 2016 και αποτελεί αναπόσπαστο μέλος της Εθνικής Γυναικών θα φορά τα ασπρόμαυρα και την επόμενη αγωνιστική σεζόν.


          Aug 23, DONATE   
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          Fokal IMM Purworejo Prioritaskan Pendataan Alumni   

MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, PURWOREJO – Memanfaatkan liburan hari raya idul fitri, Ikatan Mahasiswa Muhammadiyah (IMM) Purworejo menyelenggarakan silaturahmi alumni dan rembug kader di Aula Gedung Dakwah Muhammadiyah Purworejo Komplek Panti Asuhan Yatim Tunanetra Muhammadiyah Plaosan Purworejo pada Sabtu (1/7).

Dihadiri kurang lebih 40orang yang terdiri dari alumni, pimpinan cabang, komisariat dan kader beserta keluarga serta perwakilan Pimpinan Daerah Muhammadiyah Purworejo. Disampaikan Agus Suparmin, Ketua Umum PC IMM Purworejo bahwasanya selain sebagai momentum bertemu kangen juga merupakan forum mmpererat ikatan silaturahmi diantara alumni dengan kader dan membahas berbagai problematika kader.

“Forum ini diharapkan mampu mempererat ikatan silaturahmi antara kader baik cabang komisariat bersama alumni semakin rekat, kuat. Mari kita bersama-sama berjuang, berdakwah berfastabiqulkhairaat untuk organisasi, bangsa, agama dan negara,”ungkapnya.

Ditambahkan Agus Amin Fadilah, mewakili Pimpinan Daerah Muhammadiyah Kabupaten Purworejo dalam sambutannya mengatakan bahwa forum ini merupakan forum penting dengan memanfaatkan waktu yang sempit menyempatkan diri diantara padatnya agenda personal. Maka harapannya dapat digunakan untuk hasilkan output yang konkret serta bermanfaat bagi semua tidak sekedar rutinitas belaka.

“Waktu yang sempit dimanfaatkan

          The Future of ASEAN    
Ambassadors to the Netherlands of Lao People's Democratic Republic, 
Indonesia and Thailand attended ICAD 2016 
On 3 September 2016, I was one of the speakers at the International Conference on ASEAN Development (ICAD) at Leiden University. Goal of the 2016 edition of ICAD was, as stated by its organizers PPI Belanda (Indonesian Student Association in The Netherlands), “to build a bridge between the EU and ASEAN and to learn from the EU in the fields of Law, Politics, Economics, Culture and Technology for a deeper integration and development of ASEAN”.

Although my speech focused on economic parallels between the EU and ASEAN, whereby economic integration in the fields of trade and investment and economic  disparity of its member states were highlighted, it struck me that my fellow speakers as well as the audience at the Conference were quite sceptical on the (future) achievements of ASEAN. They did not have much confidence in ASEAN gradually assuming a leading, both political and economic, role in the region and beyond. The Conference’s audience was made up of approximately 120 Indonesian students, pursuing Bachelor-, Master-, and PhD-degrees in The Netherlands and other EU countries, representing the around 1500 Indonesian higher education students in The Netherlands and over 5000 in Europe. 

Recent surveys held in Indonesia and neighbouring countries show that the “awareness” of ASEAN is increasing. In addition to large multinational companies, now also SMEs and individual entrepreneurs are seriously eyeing cross-border opportunities . However, apparently, there is still quite a large number of young people in the region that are hesitant when it comes to truely believing in the concept of ASEAN. The Indonesian students who attended ICAD 2016 pointed out the economic disparity between ASEAN member states and the unwillingness, or incapability, of showing leadership and decisiveness.




I am far most optimistic than some of these Indonesian students and strongly believe that ASEAN will in due course develop into a powerful union. But ASEAN will have to do it the Asian way, looking at the EU for some guidance, in particular from an institutional perspective. Jakarta could become a kind of Brussels, but nevertheless assume its own definition of a central role. Where the EU is struggling to keep its member states on board and is having a hard time enforcing agreements on them, politically as well as economically, ASEAN will work out its own way of dealing with geo-politcal and geo-economic issues. This may be regarded as being indecisive, but quick decisions and agreements without true support lack  credibility. The monetary crisis, the refugee crisis, the Brexit, are all examples how NOT to deal with political, economic and humanitarian issues.

As I said earlier, from an institutional perspective and as far as intra-union trade is concerned, the EU is a good example. ASEAN can definately learn from the EU how to better “organize” its institutions and how to boost intra-ASEAN  trade and investment. But as far as aligning individual member states on common (?) political and economic (monetary) challenges, ASEAN should create its own framework, whereby initial disparity between member states may not necessarliy be an obstacle. However, its geo-political and geo-economic balancing act is even more delicate than Europe’s. ASEAN is embarking on a cautious and careful course whereby a non-confrontational approach will prove to be far more effective than going head-to-head on matters of national interest or on geo-political sensitivities. 

Will this road be a mere “walk in the park”?  Definately not, ASEAN will stumble every now and then, face set-backs occasionally. It is a complex journey.  As in Europe, ultra-nationalism and populism are also on the rise in Southeast Asia. National governments will have to explain policies in a convincing way in order to avoid xenophobia coming along with migration. There is bilateral friction between member states. Philippine newspaper, The Inquier, as well as the Japan Times, this week expressed their concern on the political indecisiveness of ASEAN. Both articles referred to the ASEAN meeting in Vientiane, Laos, last week, where ASEAN failed to take a firm stance against China’s interference in the South China Sea. The articles questioned China’s commitment to ASEAN’s Code of Conduct in the South China Sea and the international ruling of the arbitral court of the UN Convention of the Law and the Sea (UNCLOS).  Concluding  the meeting in Vientiane, ASEAN failed to align all member states to issue a joint statement in which it would stand up to China in this maritime conflict.

And how to deal with “different leadership styles”, to put it euphemistically in the case of Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines, for example ? Are the rulers in these member states a threat to the cohesion within ASEAN ? They could be, although their unpredictable, radical way of governing their countries may have a greater effect on their relationship with the "international community" in the West, than on their dealings with neighbouring states in Asia.

These are all enormous challenges that ASEAN faces, I have to admit. But the outcome of the Laos meeting is no surprise to me as ASEAN will have to perform a balancing act between being friend or ally with China, and/or with the so-called “international community”. Earlier I mentioned the “Asian way”: addressing regional conflicts or interfering in eachother’s national affairs will not be done “bluntly”. A quick solution putting a superficial plaster on wounds, will not be the way ASEAN will resolve its problems. Complex problems will have to be tackled by means of bilateral talks between individual member states on various levels of government.



          Bangkok - Paris of Indochina   
Pratunam, Bangkok
Siam Paragon
Recently, I was in Bangkok to run a cross-cultural training program for a large multinational. Having lived there from 1989 until 1999 and having been back there a number of times since, I am always eager to register any notable socio-economic changes in the city. 

The euforia of the Nineties, whereby Thailand was one of the early emerging Asian Tigers may have been gone, but the country has since then weathered, with mixed success, the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997 and the global economic crisis of 2008. In the meantime, Thailand is economically on par with its Southern neighbour Malaysia and not that far behind Southeast Asian success story, Singapore.

Emerging from a developing nation into a transition economy is not that hard, but the last stretch, towards a truly developed country, is the toughest. Thailand’s neighbouring countries, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia still have a long way to go and even Vietnam, which was in the economic spotlight in the Nineties too and is back on track again, is not another Thailand yet. In Vietnam, “Made in Thailand” is a status label and is considered poche. And what Paris is to Europeans, is Bangkok to Indochina and even entire Southeast Asia.

T
he Indonesian Embassy on Petchburi Road in Bangkok’s Pratunam area booked a middle-class hotel for me across the street from the Embassy. My wife used to work at the Embassy and every time I am in town, former-colleagues book a room for me nearby. The hotel appeared to be fully booked, but what was more interesting, that I was one of the few Westerners in the hotel ! Primarily, Indonesian women groups and Vietnamese families were staying there. As the area of Pratunam is known for its wholesale clothing outlets, and is also close to the more upmarket department stores on Ratchdamri Road and Rama I Road, they flock to shopping paradise, Bangkok !


These new middle-class visitors from the region add a new dimension to the city’s tourism landscape. Apart from an increasing number of Chinese tourists, there are more and more Indonesians and Vietnamese who can afford a short trip to the Paris of Indochina !

This article appeared earlier in e-magazine Business Trends Asia

          AEC - 2015 & beyond   
with DBAV Executive Director, Hyunju Park (middle) and DBAV Chairman, Remco Gaanderse
with fellow-panelists in the dialogue with the audience

ASEAN leaders adopted the ASEAN Economic Blueprint in 2007 to be the masterplan for the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 31 December 2015 and eventually a full-fledged ASEAN Community by 2020.


Recently, the Dutch Business Association Vietnam (DBAV) organized a luncheon talk, under the name 
"ASEAN Economic Community - 2015 & beyond" in Ho Chi Minh City. 


In my 45-minute talk, I outlined both the achievements thusfar and the challenges still ahead. Although the ASEAN-6 states (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand) have managed to make significant progress on import tariff eliminations and the easing of foreign investment regulations, the other member states (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam) are lagging behind and need till at least 2018.


Intra-ASEAN trade stands at around 25% and cross-border M&As at around 9%, with Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand as frontrunners. This relatively low figure (which, off course, excludes major investors (and non-ASEAN states) China and Japan), however, will rise, due to the fact that, in particular, the cross-border investments into Myanmar have risen dramatically in 2014 and will continue to do so in 2015. 


Sceptics have pointed out that economic disparison between member states will prove to be a major hurdle in realising a true AEC. But even within the EU, there is still a large economic divide between the Nordic countries and Eastern Europe member states and the fact that a powerful economy like Germany plays a leading role in the Union (as Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand do in ASEAN), is not necessariy a bad thing. While ASEAN multinationals have been engaged in cross-border investments for quite some time, the AEC will, in particular, open doors for SMEs of, for example, tech-savy young Vietnamese and Indonesians to take on cross-border adventures.


Is 31 December 2015 a deadline ? No, it is rather a milestone in the work in progress, which is called "ASEAN Community". 


Read DBAV's comment

This article appeared earlier in e-magazine Business Trends Asia 



          Persiapan Timnas Indonesia U-16 Jelang Piala AFF Berubah   

Timnas Indonesia U-16 memastikan lawan tanding sebelum mengikuti Piala AFF U-15 di Thailand, 9-22 Juli 2017. Tim asuhan Fakhri Husaini dijadwalkan menghadapi Bina Mutiara U-16 dan Askot Persija Pusat U-16 di Stadion Atang Sutresna, Cijantung, Jakarta, Selasa (4/7/2017).

Dalam laga uji coba ini, Timnas Indonesia akan menghadapi dua lawan dalam satu pertandingan. Hal ini diharapkan bisa mematangkan persiapan Rendy Juliansyah dan kawan-kawan yang mencatat hasil bagus selama masa persiapan menuju Piala AFF U-15.

Timnas mengalahkan Filipina dan Singapura dalam laga uji coba dengan skor identik 4-0. Selain itu, mereka juga menjadi yang terbaik di turnamen Tieng Phong Plastic Cup di Vietnam, beberapa waktu lalu.

"Kami mengubah skema dua pertandingan dalam satu hari menjadi hanya satu pertandingan. Kami mempertimbangkan kondisi fisik dan kebugaran pa