En medio de crisis, artistas venezolanos retoman discurso de Cantinflas   
Por: Juan Carlos Martínez Samaguey/@MrtinezSmaguey Venezuela (MiMorelia.com).- En medio la crisis que envuelve a Venezuela, actores de este país usaron recientemente un fragmento de una de las cintas de Mario Moreno “Cantinflas” como reflexión sobre el papel de una autoridad. Al Helicoide trasladados los estudiantes detenidos esta tarde en El Rosal. pic.twitter.com/etpsCCzL6M — RCTV.net (@RCTVenlinea) June 30, 2017 Fue Norkys Batista, actriz de Radio Caracas Televisión, quien en su cuenta de Instagram compartió el emotivo mensaje del cómico mexicano en la cinta “El patrullero 777”.   Naaaa pelusaaa..! No avanzamos como sociedad, estamos mal y cada vez peor..! Que PORQUERIA..! #sosvenezuela #sos #VENEZUELA #norkysbatista A post shared by Norkys Batista (@norkys_batista) on Jun 28, 2017 at 1:28pm PDT “Caen los que no debieran caer… vivimos en un mundo de desorden y de violencia, un mundo donde nadie respeta las instituciones y donde las instituciones no respetan a nadie”, se puede escuchar en el extracto. También retoman la idea de que la policía no debe convertirse en una “amenaza uniformada”, esto ante la ola de violencia en la que ataques entre civiles y autoridades ha dejado cientos de muertos en aquella república bolivariana. Le puede interesar: Venezuela será “liberada de opositores, con […]
          DUP ridicules Sinn Fein call for PM and Taoiseach to intervene in crisis talks   
No 10 has confirmed Prime Minister Theresa May had been in touch with the parties during the process.
          Sabroso - Si esta casa hablara   

Letra y acordes de Si esta casa hablara

(Letra y música de Joel Santos)
Intro
MIm   RE    MIm    RE
MIm    DO    SOL    RE    SI7

MIm
Después de tanto tiempo lejos y olvidarte
     DO
te me apareces y me dices
                                      SOL
que no has dejado de amarme
                          RE
que vienes a buscar...
MIm
El tiempo no ha borrado lo que hemos vivido
DO                                            SOL
ya había superado lo que viví contigo
                          RE
y tu sientes lo mismo...

        LAm
Ven pasa, que le temes
            MIm                RE
ya conoces bien la entrada
         LAm            DO                     SI7
te ahoga los recuerdos no hay palabras...

                        MIm           DO
Si esta casa hablara confesaría
                              SOL                        SIm
que somos par de locos que aman sin medidas.
                       MIm               DO
Si esta cama hablara se convertiría
                     SOL                RE
en profesora de sexo y anatomía.
                     MIm             DO
Si esta silla hablara escribiría
                     SOL                SIm
un libro de piropos y de poesías.
                         MIm               DO
Si este cuarto hablara les contaría
                    SOL                         RE
historias de pasión de amor y fantasías...
SI7                   MIm
Si esta casa hablara...

DO    SOL    RE    SI7

MIm
Todo esta tal como tu lo decoraste
     DO                                                SOL
no ha cambiado nada desde que te marchaste
                             RE
por fin ya te graduaste.

MIm
No preguntes cosas que puedan herir
   DO                                                   SOL
no ha pasado y es pasado y así tu lo quisiste,
                         RE
pero te arrepentiste...

        LAm                         MIm             RE
No tengas pena, nadie va a venir a visitarme
         LAm                DO                   SI7
recuerda que no he vuelto a enamorarme...

                        MIm           DO
Si esta casa hablara confesaría
                              SOL                        SIm
que somos par de locos que aman sin medidas.
                       MIm               DO
Si esta cama hablara se convertiría
                     SOL                RE
en profesora de sexo y anatomía.
                     MIm             DO
Si esta silla hablara escribiría
                     SOL                SIm
un libro de piropos y de poesías.
                         MIm               DO
Si este cuarto hablara les contaría
                    SOL                         RE
historias de pasión de amor y fantasías...
SI7                   MIm
Si esta casa hablara...

DO RE  MIm       DO  RE MIm
DO RE  MIm       DO  RE MIm
DO RE  MIm       DO  RE MIm
SI7

                        MIm           DO
Si esta casa hablara confesaría
                              SOL                        SIm
que somos par de locos que aman sin medidas.
                         MIm               DO
Si esta cama hablara se convertiría
                      SOL                RE
en profesora de sexo y anatomía.
                       MIm           DO
Si esta silla hablara escribiría
                       SOL                SIm
un libro de piropos y de poesías.
                           MIm               DO
Si este cuarto hablara les contaría
                       SOL                         RE
historias de pasión de amor y fantasías...
SI7                   DO
Si esta casa hablara...

RE  MIm       DO  RE MIm
DO RE  MIm       DO  RE MIm
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Transcripción x javi29
http://javi29clases.blogspot.com.ar 
www.acordesdcanciones.com
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


          Screening, panel July 1 talk about black women's maternal mortality crisis   

To coincide with this weekend's Essence Festival, Black Mamas Matter Alliance and Planned Parenthood Federation of America host a screening of the documentary The Naked Truth: Death by Delivery Saturday.

The Fusion-produced film documents the rising maternal mortality rate for black women and babies, often attributed to problems with access to health care for women of color and systemic inequities in the greater health care system.…
          Photo officielle: Portrait de Macron en Julien Sorel   
Photo officielle: Portrait de Macron en Julien Sorel

Le président par les trois livres qu'il a choisis
          6-30 Ted Ramey Show Hour 3   
Ted sit's down with Jason Petros to talk craft brews over the 4th of July Weekend. Ric Bucher also joins the program to go around NBA free agency, and the Warriors that are on the open market. Ted and Jimbo also bounce into the weekend Remix with a Cuban Coach Crisis.
          Edición Semanaria   
*Plan de salud naufraga en el senado. Posponen el voto. *Niña inmigrante con parálisis cerebral amenazada por proyecto de salud del congreso. *Con un camión de tacos en cada mezquita, musulmanes rompen su ayuno del Ramadan.
          Life after liberation: West Point report shows ISIS danger remains in Syria, Iraq   
Preview Islamic State militants continue to haunt cities in Iraq and Syria officially liberated from their control, while the devastation caused by the fighting poses challenges for restoring basic services, says a new study from the US Military Academy.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Gutfeld: What happens when ISIS returns to Europe   
Gutfeld: What happens when ISIS returns to Europe

Forgive and forget former ISIS members?


          June 30, 2017: You Can Help Fix Bay Area Housing Crisis!!   
none
          Syrian Army secures Aleppo province from ISIS – Syrian general to RT   
Preview The entire Aleppo province has been secured from Islamic State terrorists, General Samir Suleiman, head of information for the Syrian Arab Army, confirmed to RT.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Miss polskiego sportu – Igiełka   
Jakiś czas temu pokazywaliśmy wam tę zdolną tenisistkę, ale myślimy, że najwyższa pora o niej przypomnieć. Iga Odrzywołek dojrzała i teraz wygląda jeszcze lepiej niż na początku roku.
          Rakieta polskiego pochodzenia - Caroline Wozniacki   
Ta tenisistka nie tylko potrafi spuścić łomot swoim przeciwniczkom na korcie, ale deklasuje większość z nich również eksponując swoje wdzięki w skąpych strojach.
          Siria, Isis espulso da regione di Aleppo   
Dopo una presenza di più di tre anni. Lo riferisce l'ong Ondus
          Mengapa Yahudi?   

Mengapa Yahudi Terlalu Berkuasa?

Oleh : Dr Farrukh Saleem
Semakan Oleh : Mohd Taha Hassan

There are only 14 million Jews in the world; seven million in the Americas , five million in Asia, two million in Europe and 100,000 in Africa . For every single Jew in the world there are 100 Muslims. Yet, Jews are more than a hundred times more powerful than all the Muslims put together. Ever wondered why?

Hanya ada 14 juta Yahudi di muka bumi ini; tujuh juta di Amerika, lima juta di Asia, dua juta di Eropah dan 100,000 di Afrika. Bagi setiap orang Yahudi ada 100 orang Muslim (1:100). Namun, jika dicampuri semua sekali, Yahudi lebih 100 kali berkuasa daripada orang Islam. Mengapa ini berlaku?

Jesus of Nazareth was Jewish. Albert Einstein, the most influential scientist of all time and TIME magazine's 'Person of the Century', was a Jew. Sigmund Freud -- id, ego, superego -- the father of psychoanalysis was a Jew. So were Paul Samuelson and Milton Friedman.

Nabi Isa (Jesus of Nazareth) ialah Yahudi. Albert Einstein, saintis zaman moden paling terkemuka dan disebut oleh majalah Time sebagai 'Manusia Abad ini' ialah seorang Yahudi; Sigmund Freud - melalui teori id, ego dan super-ego ialah bapa psikoanalisis, juga seorang Yahudi; begitu juga Karl Marx, Paul Samuelson dan Milton Friedman.

Here are a few other Jews whose intellectual output has enriched the whole humanity: Benjamin Rubin gave humanity the vaccinating needle. Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine. Alert Sabin developed the improved live polio vaccine. Gertrude Elion gave us a leukaemia fighting drug. Baruch Blumberg developed the vaccination for Hepatitis B. Paul Ehrlich discovered a treatment for syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease). Elie Metchnikoff won a Nobel Prize in infectious diseases.

Selain mereka banyak lagi orang Yahudi yang hasil kebijaksanaan mereka berupaya menghasilkan keperluan untuk kita semua: Benjamin Rubin memperkenalkan jarum suntikan pelalian. Johas Salk mereka vaksin polio yang pertama. Gertrude Elion mencipta ubat melawan leukemia. Baruch Blumberg mencipta vaksin Hepatitis B. Paul Ehrlich menemukan rawatan untuk siflis. Elie Metchnikoff menang Hadiah Nobel untuk penyakit berjangkit.

Bernard Katz won a Nobel Prize in neuromuscular transmission. Andrew Schally won a Nobel in endocrinology (disorders of the endocrine system; diabetes, hyperthyroidism). Aaron Beck founded Cognitive Therapy (psychotherapy to treat mental disorders, depression and phobias). Gregory Pincus developed the first oral contraceptive pill. George Wald won a Nobel for furthering our understanding of the human eye. Stanley Cohen won a Nobel in embryology (study of embryos and their development). Willem Kolff came up with the kidney dialysis machine.

Bernard Katz menang Hadiah Nobel kerana kajian mengenai transmisi neuromuskular. Andrew Schally penerima Nobel dalam kajian endokrinologi (berkaitan sistem endokrin dan kencing manis). Aaron Beck menemui terapi kognitif (rawatan mental, kesugulan dan fobia). Gregory Pincus membangunkan pil perancang keluarga yang pertama. George Wald menang Nobel bagi kajian mata manusia, Standley Cohen dianugerahi Hadiah Nobel dalam kajian embriologi (kajian janin dan perkembangannya). Willem Kolff mencipta mesin dialisis (mencuci) buah pinggang.

Over the past 105 years, 14 million Jews have won 15-dozen Nobel Prizes while only three Nobel Prizes have been won by 1.4 billion Muslims (other than Peace Prizes).

Sejak 105 tahun, 14 juta Yahudi menang 15 dozen Hadiah Nobel, sementara tiga dimenangi oleh 1.4 bilion umat Islam.

Why are Jews so powerful? Stanley Mezor invented the first micro-processing chip. Leo Szilard developed the first nuclear chain reactor. Peter Schultz, optical fibre cable; Charles Adler, traffic lights; Benno Strauss, Stainless steel; Isador Kisee, sound movies; Emile Berliner, telephone microphone and Charles Ginsburg, videotape recorder.

Mengapa Yahudi Terlalu Berkuasa? Stanley Mezor mencipta mikrocip pertama. Leo Szilards membangunkan reaktor rangkaian nuklear pertama; Peter Schultz (kabel gentian optik); Charles Adler (lampu isyarat); Benno Strauss (besi tahan karat - stainless steel); Isador Kisee (sistem suara di pawagam); Emile Berliner (mikrofon untuk telefon) dan Charles Ginsburg (alat pita rakaman).

Famous financiers in the business world who belong to Jewish faith include Ralph Lauren (Polo), Levis Strauss (Levi's Jeans), Howard Schultz (Starbuck's), Sergey Brin (Google), Michael Dell (Dell Computers), Larry Ellison (Oracle), Donna Karan (DKNY), Irv Robbins (Baskins & Robbins) and Bill Rosenberg (Dunkin Donuts).

Saudagar jenama terkaya dunia juga dikuasai Yahudi iaitu Ralph Lauren (Polo), Levis Strauss (Levi's Jeans), Howard Schultz (Starbuck's), Sergey Brin (Google), Michael Dell (Dell Computers), Larry Ellison (Oracle), Donna Karan (DKNY), Irv Robbins (Baskin & Robbins) dan Bill Rossenberg (Dunkin Donuts).

Richard Levin, President of Yale University, is a Jew. So are Henry Kissinger (American secretary of state), Alan Greenspan (fed chairman under Reagan, Bush, Clinton and Bush), Joseph Lieberman, Maxim Litvinov (USSR foreign Minister), David Marshal (Singapore's first chief minister), Issac Isaacs (governor-general of Australia), Benjamin Disraeli (British statesman and author), Yevgeny Primakov (Russian PM), Barry Gold water, Jorge Sampaio (president of Portugal), John Deutsch (CIA director), Herb Gray (Canadian deputy PM), Pierre Mendes (French PM), Michael Howard (British home secretary) and Robert Rubin (American secretary of treasury).

Richard Levin, presiden universiti tersohor Yale Universiti ialah seorang Yahudi. Henry Kissinger, Joseph Lieberman dan Madeleine Albright (bekas-bekas Setiausaha Negara AS); Alan Greenspan (bekas pengerusi Rizab Persekutuan AS di bawah Reagan, Bush, Clinton dan Bush); Maxim Litvinov (bekas Menteri Luar Soviet Union); David Marshal (bekas Ketua Menteri pertama Singapura); Isaac Isaacs (bekas Gabenor Jeneral Australia); Benjamin Disraeli (negarawan dan penulis Britian); Yevgeny Primkov (bekas Perdana Menteri Rusia dan bekas jeneral KGB); Jorge Sampaio (bekas Presiden Portugal); Herb Gray (bekas Timbalan Perdana Menteri Kanada); Pierre Mendes (Perdana Menteri ke-143 Perancis); Michael Howard (bekas Setiausaha Negara British); Bruno Kreisky (bekas Canselor Austria) dan Robert Rubin (bekas Setiausaha Perbendaharaan AS).

In the media, famous Jews include Wolf Blitzer ( CNN ), Barbara Walters (ABC News), Eugene Meyer ( Washington Post ), Henry Grunwald (editor-in-chief Time), Katherine Graham (publisher of The Washington Post ), Joseph Lelyyeld (Executive editor, The New York Times), and Max Frankel (New York Times).

Dalam dunia media, orang Yahudi yang terkemuka ialah Wolf Blitzer (CNN); Barbara Walters (ABC News); Eugene Meyer (Washington Post); Henry Grunwald (Ketua Editor Time); Katherine Graham (penerbit The Washington Post); Joseph Lelyyeld (Editor Eksekutif, The New York Times) dan Max Frankel (The New York Times).

At the Olympics, Mark Spitz set a record of sorts by wining seven gold medals. Lenny Krayzelburg is a three-time Olympic gold medalist. Spitz, Krayzelburg and Boris Becker are all Jewish.

Di Olimpik, Mark Spitz membolot tujuh pingat emas. Lenny Krayzelburg ialah pemegang tiga kali pingat emas Olimpik. Spitz Krayzelburg dan Boris Becker adalah Yahudi.

Did you know that Harrison Ford, George Burns, Tony Curtis, Charles Bronson, Sandra Bullock, Billy Crystal, Paul Newman, Peter Sellers, Dustin Hoffman, Michael Douglas, Ben Kingsley, Kirk Douglas, Cary Grant, William Shatner, Jerry Lewis and Peter Falk are all Jewish? As a matter of fact, Hollywood itself was founded by a Jew. Among directors and producers, Steven Spielberg, Mel Brooks, Oliver Stone, Aaron Spelling (Beverly Hills 90210), Neil Simon (The Odd Couple), Andrew Vaina (Rambo 1/2/3), Michael Man (Starsky and Hutch), Milos Forman (One flew over the Cuckoo's Nest), Douglas Fairbanks (The thief of Baghdad) and Ivan Reitman (Ghostbusters) are all Jewish.

Tahukah anda bahawa pelakon pujaan Harrison Ford, George Burns, Tony Curtis, Charles Bronson, Sandra Bullock, Billy Cystal, Woody Allen, Paul Newman, Peter Sellers, Dustin Hoffman, Michael Douglas, Ben Kingsley, Kirk Douglas, Willian Shatner, Jerry Lewis dan Peter Falk semuanya Yahudi? Tambahan lagi, Hollywood sendiri diwujudkan oleh orang Yahudi. Antara pengarah dan penerbit, Steven Spielberg, Mel Brooks, Oliver Stone, Aaron Spelling (Beverly Hills 90210), Neil Simon (The Odd Couple), Andrew Vaina (Rambo 1- 2-3), Michael Man (Starsky and Hutch), Milos Forman (One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest), Douglas Fairbanks (The Thief Of Baghdad) and Ivan Reitman (Ghostbusters) - semuanya adalah Yahudi.

To be certain, Washington is the capital that matters and in Washington the lobby that matters is The American Israel Public Affairs Committee, or AIPAC. Washington knows that if PM Ehud Olmert were to discover that the earth is flat, AIPAC will make the 109th Congress pass a resolution congratulating Olmert on his discovery.

Washington yang merupakan ibu negara Amerika Syarikat, mempunyai satu pertubuhan lobi yang amat berkuasa. Ia dikenali sebagai Jawatankuasa Hal Ehwal Awam Amerika Israel (AIPAC) yang berupaya mempengaruhi Kongres meluluskan resolusi memuji dan 'membuat apa saja' demi Israel. Washington mengetahui bahawa jika PM Ehud Olmert sedar akan wujudnya bahawa bumi ini adalah rata, maka AIPAC akan mengadakan Kongres yang ke 109 untuk meluluskan resolusi bagi memberi ucapan tahniah pada satu pertemuan yang akan diadakan bersama Olmert.

William James Sidis, with an IQ of 250-300, is the brightest human who ever existed. Guess what faith did he belong to?

Tahukah lagi bahawa William James Sidis dengan IQ 250-300 ialah manusia tercerdik. Dia ialah Yahudi. Teka, apakah kepercayaan yang beliau miliki?

So, why are Jews so powerful? Answer: Education.

Oleh yang demikian, mengapa Yahudi terlalu berkuasa? Jawapannya: Pendidikan, pelajaran, ilmu.

Mempengaruhi

Dermawan dan penyangak mata wang, George Soros ialah Yahudi. Dia menderma AS$4 bilion untuk membantu ahli sains dan universiti serata dunia.

Walter Annenberg menderma untuk membina ratusan perpustakaan berjumlah AS$2 bilion.

Jadi, mengapa mereka ini terlalu berkuasa? Mengapa umat Islam terlalu lemah?

Dianggarkan 1,476,233,470 Muslim di atas muka bumi Allah ini. Satu bilion di Asia, 400 juta di Afrika, 44 juta di Eropah dan enam juta di Amerika. Setiap lima insan manusia ialah Muslim. Setiap seorang Hindu ada dua orang Islam, setiap seorang Buddha ada dua orang Islam dan setiap seorang Yahudi ada beratus orang Islam. Mengapa orang Islam terlalu lemah?

Ini jawapannya: Terdapat 57 negara anggota OIC dan jika dicampur semua cuma ada kira-kira 500 buah universiti; atau sebuah universiti untuk setiap tiga juta orang Islam.

AS mempunyai 5,758 universiti dan India ada 8,407. Pada 2004, Shanghai Jiao Tong Universiti membuat kajian 'Kedudukan Akademik Universiti-universiti Dunia' - dan menakjubkan - tiada satu pun universiti-negara Islam yang berada di puncak 500.

Data yang dikumpul dari UNDP, tahap celik huruf di negara maju ialah hampir 90 peratus dan 15 negara itu mempunyai 100 peratus celik huruf. Negara majoriti penduduk Islam, purata kadar celik huruf ialah sekitar 40 peratus dan tiada negara yang mempunyai 100 peratus semuanya celik huruf.

Sekitar 98 peratus penduduk di negara maju menamatkan sekurang-kurang sekolah rendah, sementara hanya 50 peratus di negara majoriti Islam. Sekitar 40 peratus penduduk di negara maju memasuki universiti, sementara hanya 2 peratus di negara majoriti Islam.

Negara-negara majoriti Islam mempunyai 230 ahli sains bagi setiap (per) sejuta penduduk. Di AS 4,000 per sejuta, Jepun 5,000 per sejuta. Di seluruh negara Arab, penyelidik sepenuh masa ialah 35,000 dan hanya 50 juruteknik per sejuta (berbanding di negara maju 1,000 juruteknik per sejuta).

Negara Islam membelanjakan 0.2 peratus daripada KDNK untuk penyelidikan dan pembangunan (R&D) sebaliknya, di negara maju membelanjakan 5 peratus daripada KDNKnya.

Kesimpulan: Dunia Islam kurang keupayaan untuk menghasilkan ilmu pengetahuan.

Akhbar harian yang dibaca oleh setiap 1,000 orang dan jumlah judul buku yang dibaca oleh setiap sejuta orang adalah dua angka tunjuk bagi menentukan sama ada ilmu pengetahuan disalurkan ke dalam masyarakat.

Di Pakistan, hanya ada 23 akhbar harian per 1,000 rakyat Pakistan sementara nisbah di Singapura ialah 360. Di UK, jumlah judul buku per juta orang ialah 2,000 sementara di Mesir ialah 20.

Kesimpulan: Dunia Islam gagal menyalurkan ilmu pengetahuan.

Yang menariknya, jumlah terkumpul KDNK tahunan 57 buah negara ahli OIC ialah di bawah AS$2 trilion. Amerika sahaja, menghasilkan barangan dan perkhidmatan bernilai AS$12 trilion, China AS$8 trilion, Jepun AS$3.8 trilion dan Jerman AS$2.4 trilion.

Pengeluar minyak yang kaya, Arab Saudi, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar secara rangkuman menghasilkan barangan dan perkhidmatan (rata-rata minyak) bernilai AS$500 bilion; Sepanyol sahaja menghasilkan barangan dan perkhidmatan bernilai lebih AS$1 trilion, Poland AS$489 bilion dan Thailand AS$545 bilion.

Jadi, mengapa orang Islam tidak berkuasa dan orang Yahudi paling berkuasa?

Jawapannya ialah: Kurangnya ilmu. Kurangnya pendidikan dan kurangnya pelajaran.

PEMENANG NOBEL YAHUDI

Daripada lingkungan 12 juta orang Yahudi, hanya 0,2 % sahaja populasi dunia. ( 2 setiap dari 1000 orang)



Literature

1910 - Paul Heyse
1927 - Henri Bergson
1958 - Boris Pasternak
1966 - Shmuel Yosef Agnon
1966 - Nelly Sachs
1976 - Saul Bellow
1978 - Isaac Bashevis Singer
1981 - Elias Canetti
1987 - Joseph Brodsky
1991 - Nadine Gordimer
2002 - Imre Kertesz
2005 - Harold Pinter

World Peace

1911 - Alfred Fried
1911 - Tobias Asser
1968 - Rene Cassin
1973 - Henry Kissinger
1978 - Menachem Begin
1986 - Elie Wiesel
1994 - Shimon Peres
1994 - Yitzhak Rabin
1995 - Joseph Rotblat

Chemistry

1905 - Adolph Von Baeyer
1906 - Henri Moissan
1910 - Otto Wallach
1915 - Richard Willstaetter
1918 - Fritz Haber
1943 - George Charles de Hevesy
1961 - Melvin Calvin
1962 - Max Ferdinand Perutz
1972 - William Howard Stein
1972 - C.B. Anfinsen
1977 - Ilya Prigogine
1979 - Herbert Charles Brown
1980 - Paul Berg
1980 - Walter Gilbert
1981 - Ronald Hoffmann
1982 - Aaron Klug
1985 - Herbert A. Hauptman
1985 - Jerome Karle
1986 - Dudley R. Herschbach
1988 - Robert Huber
1989 - Sidney Altman
1992 - Rudolph Marcus
1998 - Walter Kohn
2000 - Alan J. Heeger
2004 - Irwin Rose
2004 - Avram Hershko
2004 - Aaron Ciechanover
2006 - Roger D. Kornberg
2008 - Martin Chalfie

Economics

1970 - Paul Anthony Samuelson
1971 - Simon Kuznets
1972 - Kenneth Joseph Arrow
1973 - Wassily Leontief
1975 - Leonid Kantorovich
1976 - Milton Friedman
1978 - Herbert A. Simon
1980 - Lawrence Robert Klein
1985 - Franco Modigliani
1987 - Robert M. Solow
1990 - Harry Markowitz
1990 - Merton Miller
1992 - Gary Becker
1993 Rober Fogel
1994 - John Harsanyi
1994 - Reinhard Selten
1997 - Robert Merton
1997 - Myron Scholes
2001 - George Akerlof
2001 - Joseph Stiglitz
2002 -
Daniel Kahneman
2004 - Richard Axel
2005 - Robert J. Aumann
2006 - Andrew Z. Fire
2007 - Leonid (Leo) Hurwicz
2007 - Eric Maskin
2007 - Roger Myerson
2008 - Paul Krugman

Physiology / Medicine

1908 - Elie Metchnikoff
1908 - Paul Erlich
1914 - Robert Barany
1922 - Otto Meyerhof
1930 - Karl Landsteiner
1931 - Otto Warburg
1936 - Otto Loewi
1944 - Joseph Erlanger
1944 - Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 - Ernst Boris Chain
1946 - Hermann Joseph Muller
1947 - Garty Cori
1950 - Tadeus Reichstein
1952 - Selman Abraham Waksman
1953 - Hans Krebs
1953 - Fritz Albert Lipmann
1958 - Joshua Lederberg
1959 - Arthur Kornberg
(father)
1964 - Konrad Bloch
1965 - Francois Jacob
1965 - Andre Lwoff
1967 - George Wald
1968 - Marshall W. Nirenberg
1969 - Salvador Luria
1970 - Julius Axelrod
1970 - Sir Bernard Katz
1972 - Gerald Maurice Edelman
1975 - David Baltimore
1975 - Howard Martin Temin
1976 - Baruch S. Blumberg
1977 - Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
1977 - Andrew V. Schally
1978 - Daniel Nathans
1980 - Baruj Benacerraf
1982 - [Sir] John Vane
1984 - Cesar Milstein
1985 - Michael Stuart Brown
1985 - Joseph L. Goldstein
1986 - Rita Levi-Montalcini
1986 - Stanley Cohen [& Rita Levi-Montalcini]
1988 - Gertrude Elion
1989 - Harold Varmus
1991 - Erwin Neher
1991 - Bert Sakmann
1992 - Edmond Fischer
1993 - Richard J. Roberts
1993 - Phillip Sharp
1994 - Alfred Gilman
1994 - Martin Rodbell
1995 - Edward B. Lewis
1997 - Stanley B. Prusiner
1998 - Robert F. Furchgott
2000 - Eric R. Kandel
2000 - Paul Greengard
2002 - Sydney Brenner
2002 - Robert H. Horvitz
2006 - Roger Kornberg
(son)
2006 - Andrew Z. Fire

Physics

1907 - Albert Abraham Michelson
1908 - Gabriel Lippmann
1921 - Albert Einstein
1922 - Niels Bohr
1925 - James Franck
1925 - Gustav Hertz
1943 - Gustav Stern
1944 - Isidor Issac Rabi
1945 - Wolfgang Pauli
1952 - Felix Bloch
1954 - Max Born
1958 - Igor Tamm
1958 - Il'ja Mikhailovich
1958 - Igor Yevgenyevich
1959 - Emilio Segre
1960 - Donald A. Glaser
1961 - Robert Hofstadter
1962 - Lev Davidovich Landau
1963 - Eugene P. Wigner
1965 - Richard Phillips Feynman
1965 - Julian Schwinger
1967 - Hans Albrecht Bethe
1969 - Murray Gell-Mann
1971 - Dennis Gabor
1972 - Leon N. Cooper
1973 - Brian David Josephson
1975 - Benjamin Mottleson
1976 - Burton Richter
1978 - Arno Allan Penzias
1978 - Peter L Kapitza
1979 - Stephen Weinberg
1979 - Sheldon Glashow
1988 - Leon Lederman
1988 - Melvin Schwartz
1988 - Jack Steinberger
1990 - Jerome Friedman
1992 - Georges Charpak
1995 - Martin Perl
1995 - Frederick Reines
1996 - David M. Lee
1996 - Douglas D. Osheroff
1997 - Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
2000 - Zhores I. Alferov
2003 - Vitaly Ginsburg
2003 - Alexei Abrikosov
2004 - David Gross
2004 - H. David Politzer
2005 - Roy Glauber


Sumber: http://tahassanazhari.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2009-01-23T07%3A29%3A00-08%3A00&max-results=3

          [VIDEO] ¡COMPLETA! Mira la hilarante conferencia de prensa de Alexis antes de la final   
El tocopillano sacó carcajadas. Alexis Sánchez y Claudio Bravo demostraron el tremendo ambiente que hay en la Selección Chilena en la previa de la gran final de la Copa Confederaciones frente a Alemania despachándose la conferencia de prensa más graciosa que se tenga recuerdo en la Roja. Tallas, chistes y un desopilante “análisis sicológico” sobre […]
          ¡ECHADOS AL AGUA! Alexis sacó carcajadas con desopilante análisis de sus compañeros en la Roja   
Le sacó la foto a cada uno. La distendida y entretenida conferencia que brindó Alexis Sánchez en San Petersburgo, lugar donde este domingo Chile quiere seguir haciendo historia en la gran final de la Copa Confederaciones, dejó muchas frases para el bronce. Si bien el tocopillano dio declaraciones serias con respecto al duelo, también tuvo […]
          Saudi GDP falls for first time since financial crisis as oil output cut   

          From east London relic to modern family home — now worth twice as much   
Beset by the banking crisis, a five-year planning hold-up and a wire-chewing rat, a young family battled on to turn an Edwardian 'dump' in east London from drab to fab.
          Isis has 'fallen' in Iraq and is now hanging on by a thread in its last stronghold   
Militants launch counter attack on US-backed Kurdish forces advancing on de facto Syrian capital of Raqqa, but days of the caliphate are numbered
          Thousands sign petition against slashing affordable homes   
Over 20,000 people have signed a petition demanding Wandsworth council reject the development company's application to vary the terms of its planning permission, as the issue of affordable housing reaches crisis point.
          Health workers in Syria rush to vaccinate 320,000 children amid sudden polio outbreak   
One of the cases is in Raqqa – Isis's de facto capital
              
Tendance chic and street. 👟💶 • #AMIParis #AlexandreMattiussi #Asics #AsicsTigerGelLyteIII #marble #sneakers #sneakersaddict #shoes #clothes #mode #fashion #style #chic #relaxed #streetstyle #urbanstyle #shopping #shoppingday #afterwork #underground #friday #photo #photography #fashionphotography #parisian #parisianlife #thisisParis #Auber #Paris #smooth •
          The fall of Mosul is a defeat for Isis, but it remains a deadly force    
The movement was written off previously by overconfident adversaries in 2007 and 2011. It survived by lying low and waiting for the circumstances to turn once again in its favour, as with the start of the uprising in Syria
          gel moisisure ou rien ? (2 réponses)   
Bonjour, un de mes cactus à son tronc qui a noircit.
[attachment 115218 dr7.JPG]
je l'ai coupé et voila ce que ça donne. Est il normal;a t-il pris le gel, l'eau...
Pourrai-je le soigner ?
Merci
          Ex-bosses stand trial over 2011 Fukushima crisis   
Tokyo (AFP) - Three former executives at the operator of Fukushima's power plant start their trial Friday on the only criminal charges brought over the 2011 disaster, the worst nuclear accident in a generation.
          En búsqueda del sentido   

Una vida si propósito es una vida sin felicidad, afirma La Mère en su escrito sobre Educación[1]. Tengan un propósito. Y recuerden que de la calidad de ese propósito dependerá la calidad de sus vidas. Que vuestro propósito sea elevado, generoso, desinteresado;  de esa manera sus vidas serán  preciosas para ustedes mismos y para los otros. 

Esta es la invitación de Marc De La Ménardière y Nathanaël Coste, realizadores de la película, “sin productor, ni conservantes” En búsqueda del sentido. Este experimento colaborativo, que recorrió desde la India hasta Guatemala, se inicia cuando estos dos amigos que  han vivido en orillas distintas, sienten la necesidad de hacer  un alto en el camino y reflexionar sobre cómo funciona el mundo, la relación con la naturaleza y la finalidad de la vida.

A partir de diálogos y entrevistas con biólogos, activistas, filósofos, indígenas, científicos indagan y buscan respuestas sobre los desafíos que tenemos como sociedad, como humanidad. Vandana Shiva, Doctora en física cuántica y Premio Nobel Alternativo, Satish Kumar, fundador de la Universidad Shumacher, Pierre Rabhi autor del libro Hacia la Sobriedad Feliz, Rabhi Frédéric Lenoir, filósofo y sociólogo, José Luis Tenoch curandero, Marzo Quetzal, la profesora de yoga Chaty Secaira, Trinh Xuan Thuan, astrofísico autor del libro Le Cosmos et le Lotus, Cassandra Viethen directora del Institute of Noetic Sciences, Bruce Lipton, biólogo molecular autor del libro La biología de la creencia y Jules Dervaes, Jardinero urbano de los Angeles comparten sus reflexiones y responden las preguntas de Marc.

Para destacar la forma innovadora como se logró la realización de la película, gracias a la participación, compromiso y aportes de 963 suscriptores y benefactores. Novedosa también la invitación que hacen a difundir la película y organizar presentaciones. Una de estas invitaciones es a los docentes para que promuevan espacios de reflexión con “aquellos que construirán el mundo del mañana”. Las cifras de esta aventura son interesantes: 4837 proyecciones, 525 socios, 1800 embajadores, 45 países y 21 idiomas.

Podemos o no estar de acuerdo con los planteamientos, afirmaciones, enfoques, conclusiones y recomendaciones que exponen los diferentes interlocutores, pero los animo a verla, deliberar, reflexionar y difundirla.

Referencia:

Información extraída de la película En búsqueda del sentido.

[1] Education. Sri Aurobindo Asharam Trust 1981-2008.Pondichéry.


          Crisis Intervener - Mobile Crisis Team - Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) - Halifax, NS   
The incumbent will also be responsible for providing an integrated crisis intervention service with an interdisciplinary team including the IWK, Halifax... $29.71 - $37.52 an hour
From Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) - Fri, 30 Jun 2017 15:15:12 GMT - View all Halifax, NS jobs
          Crisis Intervener (RN) - Mobile Crisis Team - Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) - Halifax, NS   
The incumbent will also be responsible for providing an integrated crisis intervention service with an interdisciplinary team including the IWK, Halifax... $32.68 - $38.63 an hour
From Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) - Fri, 30 Jun 2017 15:15:00 GMT - View all Halifax, NS jobs
          Crítica: “DC SuperHero Girls. Hitos y Mitos”, en busca del Batplano robado   
dc_superhero_girls_hitos_y_mitos

Cuando Wonder Woman decide montar una fiesta de pijamas en Isla Paraíso, nada ni nadie va a estropear la diversión. Las chicas del instituto de héroes están decididas a celebrar un fin de semana divertido, pero alguien ha robado el batplano de Batgirl, el único vehículo con la suficiente capacidad como para transportarlas a todas ...

El artículo Crítica: “DC SuperHero Girls. Hitos y Mitos”, en busca del Batplano robado ha sido publicado en Hello Friki. Si te ha gustado, también puedes leer otros artículos de Giacco. ¡Anímate!


          6/30/2017: BUSINESS NEWS: Department of Finance deputy head Nolan to retire   

The Department of Finance’s deputy head, Ann Nolan, a key figure in the State’s bailout and restructuring of the banking sector during the financial crisis, is to retire at the end of July. Ms Nolan, who was a central player in recent weeks in the...
          Remaking the Salton Sea   
Great Egret With Huge Meal

California’s largest lake faces a water crisis. A new state plan seeks to address urgent environmental and public health problems.

The post Remaking the Salton Sea appeared first on PPIC.


          Vandal TV: Gameplay comentado de Super Mario Odyssey   
Probamos el esperado plataformas de Nintendo.

No hay demasiadas dudas al respecto. Super Mario Odyssey ha sido uno de los grandes juegos de la feria E3, celebrada hace escasos días en la ciudad de Los Angeles. En Vandal os ofrecimos unas completas impresiones sobre la aventura del fontanero para Nintendo Switch, que ha conquistado a la crítica especializada, alzándose como el mejor juego del citado E3. Ahora, en Vandal TV, os traemos un gameplay comentado.

Vídeo:



Nuestras impresiones en Vandal


"Casi nos han tenido que arrebatar el mando de las manos, es imposible dejar de jugar a Super Mario Odyssey, pierdes la noción del tiempo en su divertidísima propuesta, y es un juego que derrocha encanto por los cuatro costados, al que no vas a poder resistirse si eres fan del personaje, sobre todo de su vertiente más aventurera. "

"El juego que te hará comprar una Switch, con la gorra"

"Para poder disfrutarlo ya solo hay que esperar al 27 de octubre, y no se nos ocurre un juego mejor para justificar la adquisición de la nueva consola de Nintendo, que está vez sí, parece que ha empezado con el pie derecho."

Más vídeos en Vandal TV


Os recordamos que tanto este vídeo como los análisis, gameplay comentados y todo tipo de reportajes de Vandal TV, los podéis ver aquí en la web y en nuestro canal de YouTube, al que os animamos a que os suscribáis.

Vandal TV: Gameplay comentado de Super Mario Odyssey
          La edición física de Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition ya está disponible   
Llega a PC, PS4 y Xbox One.

Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition, la edición remasterizada de Bulletstorm, ya está disponible en formato físico para PS4, Xbox One y PC. Esta edición incluye el DLC Duke Nukem's Bulletstorm Tour y tiene un precio recomendado de 49.99 euros en todas sus versiones.

Vídeo:



Sobre Duke Nukem Tour



Este modo de juego nos permite disfrutar de toda la campaña controlando al mítico Duke, un personaje que por su tono gamberro encaja perfectamente con el planteamiento narrativo. Esta nueva opción no modifica aspectos de la jugabilidad, pero sí que incorpora la voz original de Duke y su apariencia física, aportando un toque diferente a la historia.

Más de Bullestorm: Full Clip Edition en Vandal


Vídeo:



En Vandal analizamos el título a fondo cuando salió en digital el pasado abril. En su crítica, destacábamos que "es un videojuego diferente que pasó desapercibido para muchos jugadores en su momento y que ahora vuelve con un renovado aspecto visual y buenos añadidos jugables, manteniéndose tan divertido como lo recordábamos. Si guardas un gran recuerdo o no lo jugaste en su momento, ahora tienes una muy buena opción".

La edición física de Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition ya está disponible

La edición física de Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition ya está disponible

La edición física de Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition ya está disponible

La edición física de Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition ya está disponible
          Llega la expansión Héroes de Skyrim a The Elder Scrolls: Legends   
Incluye nuevas mecánicas, habilidades y personajes.

The Elder Scrolls: Legends es un juego de cartas que sigue el modelo free-to-play. Hoy da la bienvenida a Héroes de Skyrim, la primera expansión que se encarga de añadir nuevas mecánicas y habilidades al título.

Vídeo:



Entre las nuevas características que pueden encontrar los usuarios gracias a esta expansión, se suman 150 cartas nuevas inspiradas en The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim: los jugadores podrán hacerse con personajes como Alduin y Paarthurnax, así como Aela la Cazadora, J'Zarg o Delphine.

A su vez, podrán canalizar el poder del Dovahkiin y emplear las cartas de Gritos para derrotar a los enemigos.

The Elder Scrolls en una baraja


Vídeo:



The Elder Scrolls: Legends se puede conseguir en PC y los sistemas iOS y Android, a través de Steam, App Store y Google Play. El título ofrece a los jugadores partidas tanto rápidas como de larga duración, donde tendrán que poner en práctica sus estrategias ayudándose de las habilidades de las cartas.

Desde Vandal le dedicamos un análisis que podéis leer en el siguiente enlace.

Llega la expansión Héroes de Skyrim a The Elder Scrolls: Legends
          Conga Master llega a Xbox One y PS4 el 21 de julio   
Un poco más tarde lo hará en Switch.

Rising Star Games ha anunciado que Conga Master, el juego desarrollado por el equipo español Undercoders, llegará a Xbox One y PlayStation 4 el próximo 21 de julio. De esta versión se encarga PM Studios. En PlayStation 4 incluye el tema Conga Master – Black Samba y cuenta con un 10% de descuento con la reserva en PlayStation Store.

Este adictivo título consiste en formar la cola de conga más larga posible. Bailar cerca de la gente en las pistas de baile atraerá su atención y ampliaremos el número de integrantes hasta el mínimo necesario para pasar a la siguiente fase.

Vídeo:



Además del modo para un jugador incluye multijugador con seis modos diferentes, más de 30 personajes y siete discotecas, y un modo Conga infinita. Podéis conocer más en nuestro análisis de la versión de PC.

También está prevista una versión para Nintendo Switch, todavía sin fecha anunciada.

Conga Master llega a Xbox One y PS4 el 21 de julio

Conga Master llega a Xbox One y PS4 el 21 de julio

Conga Master llega a Xbox One y PS4 el 21 de julio
          Kumail Nanjiani On Turning A Crisis Into Comedy   
The first time Kumail Nanjiani met the parents of his future wife, Emily Gordon, was in her hospital room as Emily lay motionless in a coma. She eventually recovered, and the pair have turned the experience into the critically acclaimed romantic comedy “The Big Sick.” The film opens in Dallas this weekend, and Nanjiani joins us to talk about finding humor in one of the darkest times of their lives.  
          Caputo justificó la tasa y el plazo del bono a cien años, mientras crece la desconfianza externa (Página 12)   


“Ha sido una transacción espectacular”

Una sociedad de inversión británica le adjudicó al bono “una probabilidad de incumplimiento del 97,6 por ciento”.


El ministro de Finanzas, Luis Caputo, rechazó los cuestionamientos a la emisión de un bono a 100 años con un interés del 7,9 por ciento sobre el capital recibido por la Argentina, y hasta negó que exista controversia sobre ese acuerdo entre el gobierno nacional y un grupo de bancos internacionales. “No hay tal controversia, entre todos los especialistas en finanzas hay unanimidad absoluta en que ha sido una transacción espectacular para el país. Hubo no sólo felicitaciones del exterior, sino también aquí en Argentina”, sostuvo el funcionario, que fue imputado por la Justicia por esa operación. Pero la realidad virtual del ministro y su bono no sólo choca con las repercusiones políticas y económicas no sólo reflejadas en medios locales y extranjeros. La propia aseveración de la supuesta “unanimidad absoluta de los especialistas en finanzas” quedó ayer mismo desmentida por un informe de la sociedad de inversión británica M & G, publicado por un periódico alemán, según el cual “la probabilidad de incumplimiento” del pago del bono antes de la mitad de su duración (50 años) es del 97,6 por ciento.



 En referencia a la tasa de interés del 7,92 por ciento, que le garantiza a los inversores cobrar nueve veces el capital inicialmente invertido hasta el vencimiento del título, Caputo afirmó que “cuando miramos el pasado, (pagar) 7,9 por ciento en ese plazo (de 100 años) luce espectacular”. En la entrevista que dio en exclusiva a Radio Mitre (el ministro de Finanzas no da entrevistas periodísticas, según reconoció ante Marcelo Longobardi), intentó explicar el sentido de la operación que autocalificó como “espectacular”. Primero, respecto del plazo, lo justificó apuntando que es “un manejo responsable de la deuda diversificar plazos, tasas y monedas”. En relación a la tasa, indicó que la de los bonos del Tesoro de Estados Unidos, “el nivel mínimo al que nos podemos financiar”, bajó “circunstancialmente para financiar la inversión y el consumo tras la espectacular crisis de 2009, pero ahora (la recuperación económica) ya se dio, y ha empezado el camino inverso, la suba de tasas. Entonces, ¿qué hacemos?”, se preguntó. Y se respondió a sí mismo, “mirar el pasado, y en los 30 años previos a la crisis, de 1977 a 2008, Estados Unidos se financió a una tasa promedio del 8,10 por ciento. Es decir que el 7,90 por ciento está por debajo de la tasa que pagó Estados Unidos en prácticamente toda su historia”. El responsable de Finanzas del gobierno de Mauricio Macri justificó que, teniendo en cuenta que la tasa que paga Argentina se compone de la suma del tipo de interés del bono de largo plazo de Estados Unidos más la tasa de riesgo país (hoy en el orden del 4 por ciento), acordar una tasa a 100 años del 7,9 por ciento resultaba “un negocio espectacular”. Mientras el gobierno aspira a bajar la tasa de riesgo por lo menos a la mitad, Caputo incorpora una hipótesis de multiplicación por 4 de la tasa de Estados Unidos para justificar la cuestionable operación que cerró, en secreto frente a la opinión pública y el Congreso, con el Citigroup y el HSBC.

¿Por qué Argentina tiene que colocar deuda todas las semanas?, preguntó uno de los entrevistadores. Caputo negó que ello signifique un aumento constante del nivel de deuda. “Es otra falsedad, porque 3 de cada 4 veces que tomamos deuda es para cancelar compromisos del anterior gobierno, pero tomando divisas a tasas más bajas. Esto es un ahorro de la carga financiera”, sostuvo. El ministro de Finanzas llega a esa conclusión considerando únicamente la deuda emitida en dólares, pero no la de corto plazo que toma en pesos con instrumentos alternativos, como las Lebacs. Mientras el gobierno admite una emisión de deuda cercano a los 50 mil millones de dólares en 18 meses de gestión, la suma de las distintas variantes aproxima esa cifra a los 100 mil millones. Las Lebacs han resultado, desde el inicio de la gestión de Cambiemos, el mecanismo más atractivo para las inversiones especulativas externas, que ingresan dólares al mercado para aprovechar la elevada tasa de interés en pesos y la resultante en dólares cuando vuelven a la moneda original al vencimiento. Al considerar la tasa resultante en dólares de este jugoso premio pagado por el Banco Central, también se cae el argumento de que se bajó el costo promedio de financiamiento al 4,75 por ciento en dólares.

Fuente: https://www.pagina12.com.ar/47151-ha-sido-una-transaccion-espectacular

          Vino, ¿bebida nacional?: las importaciones desde Chile son récord y ya explican el 15% del consumo interno (iProfesional)   


El país vecino se convirtió en el principal proveedor externo. La causa es que los stocks están al límite y que las últimas dos cosechas figuran entre las peores desde los años `60. Sin embargo, alertan que los precios más bajos y las facilidades aduaneras también alientan el negocio


Por estos días, nadie debe verse sorprendido si, recorriendo las góndolas de supermercados, en botellas y envases tetrabrik de vino aparece una leyenda que informe "origen: Chile".

Los principales jugadores de la industria hoy están motorizando un nivel de importaciones desde el país vecino que está marcando un récord histórico.

Los productores vitícolas, que hacía tiempo venían reclamando una recomposición de los precios del kilo de uva –que durante años estuvo amesetado-, ven una amenaza concreta en el continuo ingreso de cientos de camiones con tanques cargados con vino, a través de la cordillera.

El flujo alcanza tal nivel que organizaciones como la Asociación de Viñateros Independientes de San Juan hasta evaluaron realizar piquetes en las rutas para evitar el avance de la competencia chilena.


La tensión en su momento alcanzó tal nivel que, en el marco de un encuentro con productores, el secretario de Agregado de Valor de la Nación, Néstor Roulet, afirmó que el Gobierno estaba monitoreando este flujo de importaciones ante la posibilidad de que se trate de una competencia desleal.

“Estamos viendo si se trata de un caso de dumping y si es así, el Gobierno Nacional se va a involucrar”, disparó el funcionario.


El gobernador de San Juan, Sergio Uñac, es uno de los que más viene protestando por el ingreso de camiones cargados con producto chileno.

"Importar vino sólo para bajar el precio no nos parece una medida acertada”, afirmó recientemente el mandatario provincial.

En este contexto, Mendoza viene de tomar medidas: a comienzos de año, la administración de Alfredo Cornejo aplicó un aumento de la alícuota de Ingresos Brutos al vino importado que ingrese a ese territorio, elevándola del 4% al 6%.

Con esta medida, buscó darle más protección a los productores cuyanos, en medio de las crecientes quejas por estas operaciones.

Para ponerlo en perspectiva, los últimos datos del Instituto Nacional de Vitivinicultura son reveladores: entre enero y mayo se importó vino a granel por 52,6 millones de litros.

El último récord desde que hay registros correspondía a 2010, cuando a lo largo de 12 meses se realizaron compras al exterior por 28,7 millones de litros.

Esto significa que, en apenas cinco meses, ya casi se duplicó ese volumen anual.


Hay otro dato revelador: según el INV, las bodegas despacharon al mercado interno 334,8 millone de litros fraccionados, en parte complementados con la ofertaimportada, dado que los grandes establecimientos envasan el granel que llega del país vecino y lo introducen en el circuito comercial.

Así las cosas, los 52,6 millones de litros que llegaron desde Chile hoy representan el 15% del volumen comercializado en el mercado interno.

O, dicho en otras palabras, por cada 10 litros que hasta mayo se comercializaron en la Argentina, más de 1,5 litros fueron en realidad producidos en el país vecino.

¿Oportunidad o falta de stock?
A medida que se potenció la importación, las críticas de los viñateros se hicieron más fuertes, dado que consideran este flujo como una forma directa de ponerle un tope a los precios de la materia prima en el mercado interno.

Fuentes del sector detallaron a iProfesional que el valor del vino a granel chileno, puesto en la puerta de una bodega en Mendoza, puede ser entre 15% y 25% más económico que el nacional, dado que la escasez generada por la caída de la producción durante las últimas dos cosechas disparó los valores de la materia primera.

Sin embargo, para el consultor Javier Merino, director de Área del Vino, no se trata de maniobras especulativassino de una necesidad real y concreta de abastecer la demanda.

"Las dos últimas cosechas, 2016 y 2017, fueron las peores de los últimos cincuenta años. Por eso, no debe extrañarnos que las importaciones también sean récord", acota.

Granizo, lluvias en los momentos menos propicios y hasta heladas, configuraron un cuadro difícil para varias zonas productivas de Mendoza y San Juan.

El experto agrega que "el año pasado, por la pérdida de parte de la producción, se limpiaron los stocks. Y una segunda vendimia también floja generó que no hoy no haya suficiente vino como para abastecer la demanda".

Según datos del INV, durante esta campaña se recolectaron 19,5 millones de quintales de uva. Si bien esta cifra fue superior a los 17,3 millones del año previo, se trató de un nivel que igualmente estuvo lejos delregistro histórico.


"En los últimos 20 años, el promedio de la cosecha es de cerca de 25 millones de quintales. Es decir que venimos de dos vendimias que se ubicaron muy por debajo y esto afectó los niveles de stock", afirma Carlos Fiochetta, gerente de la Corporación Vitivinícola Argentina (COVIAR).

El directivo señala que "hubo zonas de Mendoza que tradicionalmente tenían rendimientos de unos 10.000 kilos por hectárea pero que, por cuestiones climáticas, los dos últimos años mostraron caídas de hasta el 50%".

Más allá de esto, el directivo confía en que los flujos de importación deberían ir bajando, dado que en estos días están comenzando a liberarse al mercado parte de la cosecha 2017.

"Esto va a ayudar a recomponer los inventarios, por eso la proyección es que las compras a Chile no sigan creciendo e, incluso, bajen con fuerza", apunta Fiochetta.

Cerveza versus vino
Cabe destacar que, según Fiochetta, casi la totalidad de la producción que se importa desde Chile se destina a vinos sin denominación de variedad, que representan cerca del 80% de la oferta. La gran mayoría se comercializa en envases tetrabrik.

Este segmento conforma la base de la pirámide del consumo y es responsables de movilizar el amperímetro de ventas.

En este contexto, Merino advierte que esta bebida es uno de los productos más castigados por el bajón de la demanda.

Cabe destacar que en la Argentina el consumo percápita está estancado en torno a los 25 litros per cápita.

En la década del 70, cuando era común almorzar con vino y la cerveza no arrasaba en el market share, se superaban los 80 litros.

"Hemos llegado a un piso mínimo histórico. Pero así y todo, como las últimas cosechas fueron malas y no hay stock, no hay suficiente volumen. Y esto provocó que se disparara el precio, lo cual es preocupante, porque porcada peso que sube el litro, hay miles de consumidoresque dejan de comprar o buscan alternativas, como la cerveza", apunta Merino.

Si bien el consumo de esta última bebida también se vio afectado por la crisis, lo cierto es que supera holgadamente al vino, con más de 41 litros anuales per cápita.

Por eso, el consultor considera que "estas importaciones no sólo defienden a los consumidores, sino que también a la industria, porque cada litro que se pierde en manos de la cerveza, luego es muy difícilde recuperar".

Sufren las exportaciones


Como consecuencia de los menores stocks, además de tener que importar más, el complejo vitivinícola argentino padeció un desplome de las ventas al exterior.

Según datos del INV, entre enero y mayo se exportaron 127 millones de litros de vino a granel, lo que implicó un derrumbe del 48%.

En tanto que los envíos de mosto concentrado –utilizado por la industria alimenticia como endulzante- totalizaron apenas 21.700 hectolitros, una fuerte baja de casi 53%.

Frente a estos números, Fiochetta afirma que hay dos cuestiones que se potenciaron y que forzaron este escenario: la fuerte suba de precios y los problemas de competitividad cambiaria.

"El vino a granel y el mosto depende mucho del factorprecio. Con las bajas cosechas de los últimos años el producto se volvió muy caro para los exportadores y los dejó fuera de competencia, a lo que se suma el contexto macroeconómico del país", apunta.

Cabe destacar que los despachos al exterior de vino embotellado también se están viendo castigados: hasta mayo se exportaron 744.200 hectolitros, casi 10% menos que en el mismo período del año pasado.

Merino es contundente al afirmar que "en las gamas más bajas de precios, los costos no cierran".

A esto, el experto suma un cambio en las tendencias a nivel mundial: "El mercado internacional se ha puesto muy pesado. Ya no se puede aspirar a crecer a tasas chinas, porque los países productores europeos se pusieron muy competitivos y agresivos en los mercados importadores más dinámicos".

Por eso Merino afirma que "hoy no tenemos ninguna ventaja competitiva diferencial. A lo máximo que podemos aspirar hoy es a crecer en sintonía con la expansión del PBI mundial, es decir, a un promedio del 2% a 3% anual".

Para hacer frente a la situación, desde la Coviar vienen pidiendo una serie de beneficios fundamentales para apuntalar a esta economía regional estratégica.

Entre las medidas, Fiochetta menciona un aumento de los reintegros a las exportaciones o compensacionespara fletes, dados los elevados costos logísticos que enfrentan las bodegas.

Fuente: http://www.iprofesional.com/notas/252022-malbec-vino-competitividad-cambiaria-Vino-bebida-nacional-las-importaciones-desde-Chile-son-record-y-ya-explican-el-15-del-consumo-interno-

          ¿Apertura indiscriminada?: las estadísticas relativizan que la economía esté viviendo una lluvia de importaciones (iProfesional)   


En su plataforma de campaña, Cristina Kirchner denunció que se está entregando el mercado interno a la empresas extranjeras y volvió a encender el debate. En el Gobierno lo niegan pero, como contrapartida, se oponen a volver al "cerrojo" aduanero. Cuáles son los rubros más y menos dinámicos


La polémica por las importaciones se está potenciando en plena carrera hacia las PASO.

El tercero de los 15 puntos que conforman la plataforma de campaña del frente Unidad Ciudadana que impulsa Cristina Kirchner, de hecho, se refiere a la defensa de la industria nacional.

Para ponerlo en perspectiva, este ítem está por encima de otros que forman parte del corazón de las críticas del kirchnerismo hacia el plan de gobierno de Cambiemos, como las tarifas, el endeudamiento externo o la "bicicleta financiera".

En un duro análisis, el documento advierte que "está en marcha un plan de apertura total e indiscriminada de la economía".

Además, señala que "por primera vez desde 1975 cae el PBI y aumentan las importaciones de bienes de consumo", un juego de variables que los economistas que acompañan a Cristina consideran que lo único que genera es "entregar el ya reducido mercado interno a las empresas extranjeras".

La economista Fernanda Vallejos, que encabeza lista de diputados nacionales, también está calentando el debate y centrando sus críticas en el boom de compras al exterior.


La nueva referente K afirmó que hay dos argentinas: una mayoría que "dejó de consumir bienes esenciales", como alimentos, y una minoría que "compra motos o autos de alta gama importados".

La realidad es que en los últimos meses es cierto que se evidenció un mayor movimiento de marcas internacionales.

En el caso del rubro automotor, están desembarcando compañías generalistas como Geely, de China, hasta otras de súper lujo, como Lotus.

En el rubro alimentos, basta recorrer las góndolas de los supermercados para observar una proliferación de quesos de Francia o de marcas de fideos italianos, con salsas de tomate incluidas.

En indumentaria, tiendas como Zara, que hasta hace un par de años tenían un 90% de su oferta conformada por prendas nacionales, ahora ofrecen pantalones, remeras y camisas de Singapur o Tailandia.

Una recorrida por comercios permite comprobar que hay una "efervescencia importadora". ¿Pero alcanza todo esto para considerar esta tendencia como una verdadera avalancha?

En diálogo con iProfesional, el economista Gabriel Caamaño Gómez, del Estudio Ledesma destaca que "el Gobierno, en un principio avanzó bastante rápido, pero luego puso un poco el pie en el freno".

Al analizar la foto actual, el analista precisa que "hoy no se puede hablar de una apertura fulminante. Los datos muestran que se está lejos todavía de los niveles de otros años".

Entre enero y mayo, las importaciones totalizaronu$s24.800 millones, con un alza interanual del 12%. Sin embargo, descontada la variable precios, en volúmenes el alza fue sustancialmente menor: 7,4%.

Además, este registro es menor al récord histórico -para ese período-, que tuvo lugar en pleno kirchnerismo, más precisamente en 2013, antes del reforzamiento del cepo cambiario y aduanero.

En ese entonces, la "factura" a pagar por compras al mundo ascendió a casi u$s29.600 millones.

Es decir que el nivel actual se encuentra un 16% por debajo de ese récord. No sólo eso, el registro de este año incluso está por debajo del de 2011, 2012 y 2014 (ver cuadro).


En este punto, Marcelo Elizondo, ex director de Fundación ExportAr, apunta que "es cierto que las importaciones están creciendo. Pero lo que estamos viendo es una recomposición, porque veníamos de niveles bajísimos".

El analista va más allá y afirma que, en base al ranking del Banco Mundial, la Argentina está entre los cincopaíses con el ratio más bajo entre importaciones y PBI.

En este contexto, Elizondo reflota la fórmula que establece que por cada punto que se pretenda crezca la economía, entonces las compras al mundo deberán hacerlo en tres puntos.

"Esto se debe a que la mayor parte de lo que ingresa del exterior está destinado a la industria", completa.

Sin embargo, los analistas sí reconocen que, especialmente en bienes de consumo, hay ramas deactividad “sensibles” que están sufriendo una mayor competencia importada.

Pero trazan una diferencia: consideran que el problema principal no está causado únicamente por este flujo, sino por la combinación de este factor con el achicamiento del mercado por el enfriamiento del consumo.

La "letra chica" de los bienes de capital
En la última cumbre entre el presidente Mauricio Macri y la cúpula de la Unión Industrial Argentina (UIA), el tema de las importaciones estuvo entre los principales puntos de la agenda del día.

Tras la reunión, el propio titular de la entidad, Miguel Acevedo reveló que, ante la preocupación planteada, los funcionarios respondieron que el incremento de las compras al mundo no hace sino "aumentar la competitividad de las empresas".

Básicamente, porque gran parte de las mismas son maquinarias e insumos para la industria.

¿Se están importando más bienes de capital? Las estadísticas, a grandes rasgos, así lo confirman.

Entre enero y mayo entraron "fierros" por u$s5.334 millones, un 18% más que en 2016, al tiempo que esta cifra se ubicó un 15% por encima del promedio de la última década.

Sin embargo, todavía se encuentra por debajo del récord, que se logró en 2011, cuando se habían superado los u$s5.500 millones en ese rubro (ver cuadro).


Pero hay un detalle: no todo lo que entró fueron máquinas para industrias. El 30% de ese total fue material de transporte, lo que incluye desde aviones hasta trenes y vías férreas.

Es decir que parte del crecimiento de los bienes decapital estuvo explicado por el empuje de la obrapública. De hecho, descontado este efecto, las compras al mundo de maquinaria crecen en realidad a un ritmo del 10%, 8 puntos menos.

En este contexto, desde la Cámara Argentina de Fabricantes de Maquinaria Agrícola (CAFMA) advierten que hay "luces rojas" por los niveles de importación de silos, equipos de fumigación y sembradoras.

Sin embargo, para Caamaño Gómez, "cuando se vienen de tantos años de restricciones, los números pueden confundir más que aclarar".

A modo de ejemplo, entre enero y mayo las importaciones de sembradoras se dispararon un llamativo 1.100%. Básicamente porque ingresaron 65 unidades frente a las 5 que habían ingresado el año pasado.

Insumos y componentes, al compás de la industria
De los casi u$s24.800 millones totales de compras al mundo, casi el 50% correspondió a dos categorías: insumos y partes piezas para bienes de capital.

El primer grupo es un "termómetro" clave que sirve para ver la evolución de la actividad productiva.

Y los números reflejan el pobre dinamismo:

-Durante los primeros cinco meses ingresaron materias primas por u$s6.800 millones.

-Esto representó una tibia suba del 3% en divisas, mientras que en cantidades hubo una caída del 3%. Es decir, el alza estuvo explicado sólo por los mayoresprecios.

-Además, el registro de este año está un 20% por debajo del récord de 2011 e, incluso, es 5,5% menor que el promedio de la última década (ver cuadro).


Esto se vincula al muy lento despegue de la actividadfabril.

Según el Índice de Producción Industrial de FIEL, si bien en mayo se registró un crecimiento interanual del 4,3%, en el acumulado del año el indicador todavía está enterreno negativo (-1%).

Respecto de las importaciones de partes y piezas para bienes de capital, se observa una situación muy similar: las compras al exterior están un 23% por debajo del récord histórico para ese período, alcanzado en 2013.


En este capítulo se incluyen desde agropartes hasta componentes para el ensamblado de celulares, que vienen cayendo por la menor demanda interna de electro.

Autos: fuerte salto

Las compras de autos al exterior, principalmente desde Brasil, sí se han disparado. De hecho, es el rubro más dinámico.

Entre enero y mayo, la "factura" sumó u$s2.430 millones, un 45% más que en igual lapso de 2016 y exactamente el doble que en 2015.

Sin embargo, en este caso tampoco se puede hablar de récord: la marca histórica corresponde a 2013, año en el que casi se toca el millón de 0Km patentados (ver cuadro).


Hay varias razones por las cuales entran más autos:

-En la Argentina ya se dejaron de fabricar varios modelos chicos y populares, como los Chevrolet Classic y Agile o el Renault Clio Mio.

-Este faltante de oferta está siendo complementado con vehículos producidos en Brasil, cuya industria está especializada en autos compactos.

-Además, el país vecino sigue en crisis y está volcando casi el 70% de sus exportaciones en la Argentina. Esta sobreoferta permite que las unidades lleguen a precios bonificados.

-A esto se suma el atraso cambiario, que potenció el mercado de las marcas premium, como Audi, BMW, Mini, con tasas de crecimiento de entre 100% y 300%.

En este contexto, la industria automotriz está operando por debajo del 50% de su capacidad. Esto lo padecen los fabricantes de componentes.

De hecho, la autopartista Hutchinson, del grupo Total Argentina, acaba de iniciar el proceso de cierre de su planta ubicada en Martínez, debido a "la falta de competitividad de la plaza local y el alto costo de mantener la empresa en funcionamiento".

Pese a todo, desde AFAC, la cámara sectorial, no hablan de avalancha. Pero sí de una suerte de "goteo continuo", potenciado por la crisis de Brasil y una mayor agresividad de China.

Más bienes de consumo, menos ventas
Este rubro, junto con el de autos, es de los más dinámicos. De hecho, con u$s3.288 millonesacumulados durante los primeros cinco meses sí se puede hablar de récord.

Así y todo, la cifra es muy similar a la de otros años en los que también se evidenciaba un avance del atraso cambiario, como 2013.


El problema para industrias como la del calzado, textil y línea blanca, por nombrar algunas, es que estos mayores flujos se están combinando con una contracción de la demanda interna.

En algunos casos sí hay un "boom", mientras que en otros, la situación se moderó.

Ariel Schale, director ejecutivo de la Fundación ProTejer, una entidad emblema de los llamados "sectores sensibles", confirma a iProfesional que "si bien es cierto que se incrementó la entrada de textiles, sobre todo de producto terminado, el mayor problema no es tanto este flujo sino la retracción del consumo interno".

"El tema de las importaciones es un factor adicional, pero la ´guadaña´que está afectando al sector es lacaída de las ventas", agrega.

En el caso de la industria del calzado, la entrada de productos de Asia o Brasil creció 21% en volúmenes en el primer cuatrimestre, según Fecoba.

Esta industria todavía ostenta un predominio del 80% del mercado interno, de la mano de cerca de 100 millones de pares anuales.

Sin embargo, con el consumo interno en baja, hubo empresas que debieron cerrar sus puertas, como fue el caso de Herzo o Unisol, que fabricaban zapatillas bajo la marca Puma.

En este contexto, surgen las tensiones. Fabricantes de calzados vienen reclamando más protección, pero en el Gobierno tienen la visión de que una mayor competencia externa le pone un techo a los precios, tal como está sucediendo con las notebooks, tras la eliminación de aranceles.

Dentro de los bienes de consumo también están los alimentos: en el caso de los elaborados, acumulan un alza del 36%, mientras que los básicos (como frutas o verduras), subieron 22%.

Para los analistas, parte de este ingreso está vinculado con el atraso cambiario, que alienta la entrada de fideos italianos, quesos franceses, jamón español y chocolates suizos, por nombrar algunos ejemplos.

Sin embargo, para Caamaño Gómez, se trata de productos de alto valor que no compiten de manera directa con la oferta local y, además, su incidenciasobre el total es muy baja.

En diálogo con iProfesional, uno de los representantes exclusivos de una reconocida marca de pasta italiana, con presencia en supermercados, asegura que “la participación global no llega al 1%”.

En lácteos se registró un salto del 175% de las compras al exterior. Esto explica por qué las góndolas se poblaron de quesos Philadelphia, de camembert con sello de Francia y hasta de chedar de Brasil.

Sin embargo, las cifras son elocuentes: las importaciones sumaron u$s11 millones, mientras que las exportaciones totalizaron u$s290 millones.

“Se vende al mundo por una cifra casi 30 veces superior a lo que ingresa. Esto, sin contar los miles de millones de pesos que mueve el mercado interno con producción nacional”, argumenta una fuente cercana a la Secretaría de Comercio.

El técnico reconoce que en una economía dinámica, el ingreso de lácteos importados "no generaría ruido”, por la bajísima incidencia en el mercado total.

Sin embargo, este flujo cobra relevancia cuando una de las industrias insignia, como SanCor, está atravesando una fuerte crisis, a lo que se suma el drama de las inundaciones y el cierre de cientos de tambos en los últimos años por problemas de rentabilidad.

En frutas sucede algo parecido: las importaciones crecieron 13% en cantidades, según el SENASA. Pero al interior de las estadísticas se observa que:

-De las 22.000 toneladas extra respecto del añopasado, el 50% estuvo explicado por una fruta con bajísima producción local, como es el caso de las bananas.

-Otras 1.500 toneladas correspondieron a paltas, que históricamente ingresan de Chile o México.

En el caso de los limones, hasta el momento ingresaron 1.800 toneladas, un 900% más que en 2016. Sin embargo, para ponerlo en perspectiva, la Argentina produce 1,6 millones de toneladas. De modo que la competencia del exterior equivale al 0,1% del negocio local.

Así las cosas, la foto "macro" muestra que se está lejos de una avalancha, mientras que al interior de algunas ramas de actividad sí hay una creciente competencia, pero que se vio potenciada por la caída del consumo y por un deterioro de las exportaciones, afectadas por el atraso cambiario.

Claro que el debate no hará más que potenciarse, a medida que falten menos días para las PASO.

Fuente: http://www.iprofesional.com/notas/251968-consumo-importaciones--Apertura-indiscriminada-las-estadisticas-relativizan-que-la-economia-este-viviendo-una-lluvia-de-importaciones-

          The African Refugee Crisis and Smugglers of Humanity   
The African refugee crisis is manifest in the Niger town of Agadez, where an increasing wave of migration has birthed a growing people smuggling industry.
          #HarvardIOPPoll: Analyzing Harvard’s Fall 2015 Poll of Young Americans   
An exclusive look at the Harvard Public Opinion Project's poll of young Americans, from Donald Trump to ISIS and from climate change to the 2016 election.
          Deducción de lo cotidiano: parte 1.   
¿Qué hace falta para ser un buen deductor? Ésta es la primer pregunta que nos hacemos aquellos quienes queremos imitar el método lógico-deductivo de Sherlock Holmes. La respuesta es simple en términos de conceptos, pero muy compleja en lo que respecta a la aplicación de los mismos.

Ya se ha hablado acerca de la observación, aquella facultada por la cual somos capaces de interpretar aquello que estamos viendo, de relacionarlo con su entorno, pero sólo limitándonos al mismo, es decir, sin cometer la falta de crearle a cada evento un entorno. La clave de la deducción radica en la forma en la que observamos las cosas y, acto seguido, mediante procesos lógicosm las interrelacionamos.

Dicho esto, se plantea una nueva pregunta: ¿Cómo relacionar elementos con su contexto? Aquí es donde nuestro poder de raciocinio juega un papel fundamental: la clave es saber localizar aquellos elementos comunes que posee un evento, y considerando un marco de probabilidades, establecer una conclusión deductiva.

Aclarado este tema, podemos abarcar el uso de la deducción a lo cotidiano, tal cómo detalla el título de la entrada. Para ello, vamos a analizar algo "básico" como el análisis de una persona, cómo determinar las características de una persona sin la necesidad de conocerla.

Existen rasgos característicos en las personas, distintivos en lo particular, que pueden ser indicadores muy precisos acerca de la personalidad y la conducta de una persona, que se ven reflejados en su aspecto físico. Antes de comenzar con el análisis, es prudente aclarar que ningún razonamiento va a estar sujeto a discriminación, es decir, el análisis va a ser objetivo independientemente de la persona a la cual se lo aplique, no busco generar incomodidad ni ofensa en personas alguna. Aclarado dichos puntos, procedemos a hablar sobre el tema en cuestión, partiendo de una famosa frase:

"Las apariencias engañan."

Podemos debatir acerca de la validez o no de dicha frase, la cual tienen carácter subjetivo, pero podemos concluir que es parcialmante incorrecta: hay determinadas características que una persona puede modificar, a fin de no revelar su verdadero comportamiento, como los gestos corteses o la forma de vestir, pero existen también rasgos individuales que determinan las características de una persona, muy difíciles de modificar.

Por empezar, podemos hablar de las manos de una persona. En este momento el lector puede estar preguntándose qué significado puede tener algo tan puntual como las manos de alguien. La importancia es radical: las uñas de una persona pueden decirnos que es nerviosa, descuidada, atenta, detallista; la limpieza de las manos hablan acerca del grado de responsabilidad de uno consigo mismo, lo cual, a su vez, hablan de uno frente a cualquier situación. Basta con analizar el dedo medio de las manos para determinar si es zurda o diestra (generalmente, el uso de un elemento para escribir -lápiz, lapicera- dejan durezas en los dedos por el apoyo).

En fin, como conclusión, hay rastros evidentes de las características de las personas en su cuerpo, en sus movimientos, la clave está en observarlos y saber leerlos.

          Jonathan Cook: Siria es el dique contra el caos más sangriento   

En un libro, Israel and the Clash of Civilisations, examinaba el deseo de Israel de balcanizar el Medio Oriente usando métodos que había refinado durante muchas décadas en los territorios palestinos ocupados. El objetivo era desatar el caos en gran parte de la región y desestabilizar a los principales estados enemigos: Irán, Irak, Siria y Líbano...

etiquetas: siria, libia, iraq, alqaeda, isis

» noticia original (sirioandaluz.blogspot.ie)


          El mercado humano del Estado Islámico: niñas yazidíes a 60 dólares   

El ISIS ha encontrado en este tipo de mercado una buena fuente de financiación. Los más pequeños alcanzan hasta los 500 dólares en las pujas.

etiquetas: mercado, humano, estado, islámico, niñas, 60 dólares

» noticia original (gaceta.es)


          Food4Patriots 3-Month Supply   

Enjoy real food security and peace of mind with our best-selling Food4Patriots 3-Month Kit. You’ll get a delicious variety of meal selections for breakfast, lunch and dinner. It’s never been easier to protect your family when a crisis hits (and you know it will) than with our survival food kits, good for an astonishing 25 years! Some of the meals you’ll enjoy include: Strawberry Fields Cream of Wheat, Liberty Bell

The post Food4Patriots 3-Month Supply appeared first on Food4Patriots Review.


          Franklin’s Finest Coffee   

In a crisis, it’s important to stay alert. With our new Franklin’s Finest Survival Coffee, you’ll get the rich, robust flavor that only the best Arabica beans can provide, with an incredible shelf life of 25 years! That’s right! You can savor the comforting richness of a hot, strong cup of coffee without sacrificing a long storage life. Available in space age Mylar pouches and stackable totes, just like our

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          Food4Patriots 1-Week Kit   

Don’t worry any longer about going hungry when all hell breaks loose and stores are stripped bare. Try our Food4Patriots 1-Week Kit and get on the road to food independence! You’ll savor home-cooked goodness like Heartland’s Best Mashed Potatoes, Traveler’s Stew, and Maple Grove Oatmeal. These survival food meals will keep you feeling full, satisfied, and ready to face any crisis with confidence! And let’s not forget all your free

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          The Fair Representation Act has been introduced to Congress   

I’m sponsoring the Fair Representation Act because Congress is broken. It is hyper-partisan. It is far too polarized. The FRA creates a structure where members of Congress are incentivized to work together. This is the right thing to do to give voters the strong voice that they deserve in our elections.

--Congressman Don Beyer (VA-08)

On June 26, 2017, Congressman Don Beyer (D-VA) introduced H.R. 3057: The Fair Representation Act. He was joined by co-sponsors Jamie Raskin (D-MD) and Ro Khanna (D-CA). This is a historic moment. The Fair Representation Act is the most comprehensive approach to reforming congressional elections in United States history. It would truly realize the vision of the House of Representatives as “The People’s House.”

The Fair Representation Act

FairVote has called for expanding the use of multi-winner ranked choice voting in United States elections since its founding 25 years ago. Ranked choice voting can replace the broken, zero-sum, winner-take-all system - in which the biggest group of voters in a district are the only ones earning representation - with fair representation for all. In this era of fierce partisan divisions, nowhere needs this change more than the House of Representatives.

RCV-ballot-09.pngUnder the Fair Representation Act, every state would use ranked choice voting to elect its Representatives. Voters would be free to rank their choices without fear of “spoilers.” Instead of only one candidate winning with the most votes, several candidates would win based on how many votes they earn. For example, in a state like Oklahoma or Connecticut that elects 5 winners, 17% of voters can elect 1 of the 5 winners; 34% of voters can elect 2 of the 5 winners; and so on. A majority of voters can always elect a majority of seats, and everyone earns their fair share.

States that elect up to 5 winners will not need any districts at all. Larger states will use districts, but the districts will elect 3, 4, or 5 winners each. That means that a state like Massachusetts that elects 9 Representatives will divide into equal thirds, with each of the three districts electing 3 winners with ranked choice voting. To adopt a district map, these states will form independent redistricting commissions composed of ordinary state citizens (not politicians or lobbyists) who will operate transparently and hold hearings around the state to find the district map that makes the most sense for their state.

The use of ranked choice voting in multi-winner elections will transform the House of Representatives. The current system only allows the biggest group of voters in each district to win representation, all other voices are silenced. As a result, there are millions of voters who prefer Democrats stuck in safe Republican districts and millions of voters who prefer Republicans stuck in safe Democratic districts, women and people of color are under-represented, and everyone has too few choices. The Fair Representation Act can elevate those voices, giving them more power to elect candidates they support and who will go to Congress to work for them.

A Historic Moment

Under the Constitution, Congress has the responsibility to act when our federal elections are not working. It has acted on that responsibility many times in the past, passing laws changing how we elect Congress in 1842 (requiring single-winner districts), 1872 (equal populations per representative), 1901 (requiring that districts be “compact”), 1929 (repealing the requirement to use districts), and 1967 (re-imposing the requirement to use districts). It has been 50 years since Congress has acted in this arena, even as the current system fails to deliver on the promise of a representative House.

Representative Beyer has shown tremendous leadership in holding Congress to its constitutional responsibilities. The attention it attracted from the public demonstrates the hunger that voters have for a more empowering system. FairVote livestreamed Rep. Beyer’s press conference, which was viewed over 44,000 times and ultimately reached over 554,000 people.

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FFairVoteReform%2Fvideos%2F1622439381102173%2F&show_text=0&width=560560315border:none;overflow:hiddenno0truetrue

The day after the bill’s introduction, Rep. Beyer published an opinion piece in the Washington Post explaining why he introduced the Act. It begins “Democracy is in crisis. Even as the country is deeply divided along class and ideological lines, it seems to be unified in its frustration with our current brand of politics.” Other voices have also weighed in on the need for the Fair Representation Act, including:

As more media coverage happens in the coming days and weeks, we'll add it to the list on our website.

You Can Help the Fair Representation Act Gain Momentum

Now that the vehicle for transforming elections to the U.S. House of Representatives is a bill in Congress, you can help to move the conversation forward. Contact your Representative today to ask them to support the Fair Representation Act. You can find your Representative here, and email them a letter supporting the Fair Representation Act. A sample letter is provided here. You also could consider calling your Member, which increases their likelihood of responding. Better still would be to form a group to have a meeting with your Member and their district office staff. 

Finally, we want to keep adding names to our petition in support of the Act. We currently have over 1500 signatures. Please consider sharing the petition online and drawing people’s attention to our new video and our public resources, at FairRepresentation.com


          Thisisbully replied to Kyryl_Ning_Support's discussion Chat Feature Update on Ning 3.0 is ready!   
Thisisbully replied to Kyryl_Ning_Support's discussion Chat Feature Update on Ning 3.0 is ready!
"I did I'm using a chat I had built for me works perfect"

          The Crisis in Qatar   
First, a quick who's who We will probably never find out what truly was discussed between Trump, the Saudis and the Israelis, but there is little doubt that the recent Saudi move against Qatar is the direct results of these negotiations. How do I know that? Because Trump himself said so! As I mentioned in...
          ANALISTA CONTALE   
Reconocida empresa multinacional, necesita incorporar con urgencia a un “Analista Contable” para que se pueda desempeñar en departamento de contabilidad. Dentro de sus funciones principales se encuentran: -Manejo de sistemas contables. -Análisis de cuen......
          CoE official dismayed over Georgia’s constitution ‘crisis’   
TBILISI, DFWatch–A Council of Europe official is in despair over the way Georgian leaders have handled the drafting of a new constitution, calling the debacle a ‘crisis’. “I’m disappointed and become more and more […]
          Hadapi ISIS & peretas, Australia ciptakan divisi siber militer   
Australia menciptakan divisi siber militer yang pertama kalinya guna memperluas aksi menghadapi serangan kalangan peretas dan musuh-musuh asing, termasuk kelompok ISIS, kata Menteri Pembantu Perdana Menteri Australia untuk ...
          Ribuan anak masih terjebak di Mosul   
Dana Anak PBB (UNICEF), Kamis (29/6) mengatakan ribuan anak telah terjebak di daerah yang masih dikuasai gerombolan ISIS, di Kota Tua Mosul, Irak. "Anak-anak menghadapi banyak ancaman terhadap keselamatan mereka. Mereka ...
          What’s Happening in Sweden from Muslim Refugee Surge is Horrific   
refugee

By Andrew West and Jeff Dunetz In Sweden, the Muslim refugee crisis has been an absolute nightmare.  Lawlessness and violence are the new norms in areas that are heavily populated with these middle eastern refugees, and the Swedish police are having difficulties maintaining law and order in the otherwise tranquil nation.  Sweden’s recent population growth is without […]

The post What’s Happening in Sweden from Muslim Refugee Surge is Horrific appeared first on The Lid.


          ANALISTA CONTABLE   
Buscamos ANALISTA CONTABLE para coordinar el oportuno análisis contable, financiero y tributario de las distintas transacciones de las empresas, además de ejecutar procesos operativos para las distintas empresas. Los interesados enviar Cv con pretensiones......
          Vatican is standing by their man, but how long will support last?   

No matter how George Pell's case is resolved the fact he is facing charges at all is the biggest crisis of Pope Francis's papacy and will test the Pope on just how true he is to his vow to be "zero tolerance" on a problem that has dogged the church for decades, writes Lisa Millar.


          Ingeniero Soporte Semi Senior   
Empresa de servicios tecnológico requiere incorporar a su equipo de Infraestructura y Redes Ingeniero Soporte. La búsqueda esta orientada a profesionales de Conectividad y Redes o carrera a fin, proactivos, con capacidad de análisis, resolutivos, con al......
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Importante Agroindustria requiere contratar a Asistente de Crédito y Cobranzas. Sus principales funciones serán: - Gestión de Cobranzas - Aplicar pagos y ajustes - Análisis de cartera Requisitos Mínimos: - Excel Avanzado Tipo de puesto: Tiempo compl......
           Not just a "second order" problem in a wider economic crisis: systemic challenges for the global trading system    
Higgott, Richard A.. (2009) Not just a "second order" problem in a wider economic crisis: systemic challenges for the global trading system. Business and Politics, Vol.11 (No.3). Article 5. ISSN 1469-3569
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Importante Laboratorio Farmacéutico multinacional, requiere técnicos con estudios en química, análisis químico o control de gestión para cubrir el cargo de Supervisor de Producción. Se requiere experiencia de al menos 3 años liderando equipos de producció......
          "The Flight" Chapter 2 of Apurvai, a travelogue by P.L. "PuLa" Deshpande   
Many years ago, I translated chapter 1 from the 1960 book. You don't HAVE TO read it to follow this chapter, but it is recommended. Unlike my other translations which were done from audio files of PuLa narrating his work, this one has been done from the actual book. So even Marathis who've never read the book will find something new here. 

To set the stage a little, in this chapter, PuLa describes the experience of his first ever international flight. Based on the references to the Suez Crisis, I'm guessing it happened in 1956 or 1957. So almost 60 years ago! I was surprised to learn of the sheer number of stopovers flights had to make in those days. It is indeed a different era. But so much of what he writes resonated with me in terms of my experiences with international flights. Which is why I chose to translate this although it isn't as ROFLMAO funny as the previous chapter.

Usual caveats - Much of PuLa's humor comes from how he played with the Marathi language, and it can get lost in translation. But his observations and descriptions stay relevant even 55 years later.

Our flight to London from Santa Cruz airport was scheduled for 11 PM on August 20th. It wasn't my first time flying, but it was the first time I was flying to another country, that too on a huge airplane. I had been told to reach the airport about an hour before the flight. Even if I hadn't been told this, I would've gone there two hours before. Because even when I am taking an M.S.M. train (or as you kids today call it, Southern Railway), I go to the station an hour early. Even if I have a reserved seat. 

I find it convenient to allow that buffer for unforeseen but predictable events like getting on the wrong train, not being able to find my compartment, taxi to the station breaking down, heavy rain causing waterlogging, forgetting some important stuff at home and realizing it halfway to the station, forgetting to fill the water bottle, and of course, panicking every few minutes thinking that I have either forgotten the ticket at home or lost it. 

And of course, Indian Railways regularly contributes with unforeseen but predictable events of its own. Just as you've spread out a sheet on your berth and laid down, a railways employee comes and says the compartment has some problems, so we need to shift to another one. It takes about 45 minutes to find a porter, find the replacement compartment, and move all the luggage. It turns out that if you turn the lights on, the fan stops working, and if you turn the fan on, the lights stop working. Finally both are fixed, and when you go to the bathroom, there is no water in the compartment. So you have to stay awake till Lonand to find a guard and complain about it. If you're lucky, it'll get fixed by the time the train reaches Nira. Or then wait till Miraj at 5 AM so you can use the bathroom on the station. 

So even if you go very early to the station, there's no guarantee that your rail journey will be pleasant. I wonder if we are destined to ever get railways that take the responsibility of passenger comfort seriously. Until then, there are only two ways to travel without any problems - on foot like Vinoba Bhave or by air.

Or so I thought.

When I bought my tickets at the Air India office, the lady behind the counter had told me to reach the airport at 9 PM. And then, flashing me a disarming smile, suggested that I call the airline before leaving to make sure the plane wasn't delayed. So just as we were about to leave, I remembered that smile and mentioned this to the huge contingent of friends, family, and neighbors gathered at our house to bid us farewell.

"Haha, don't be an idiot! It's a plane, not an ST bus to be delayed. Airlines operate with second-by-second precision!"

A friend, who had never traveled an inch north of Malad or south of Kala Ghoda, said making me feel like an idiot in front of everyone. This guy has always had this publicly dismissive attitude towards me. I don't know why I am still friends with him. When I told him I was being sent to England by Doordarshan, his first reaction was,

"You??? Why??? Looks like the government has too much money to waste!"

When I first wore the suit mentioned in the previous chapter, he laughed and said I looked like a trumpeter from one of the Dhobi Talao wedding bands. Totally unnecessary snark. But he can't help it. So even though he had no first hand experience on the matter, he stayed true to his nature and ridiculed me for wondering if I should call the airline to check the flight status.

My wife called the airline office anyway. And we came to know that because the incoming plane from Tokyo hadn't reached yet, our flight was delayed by two hours. 

I winced. The idea of sitting in Mumbai's humidity for two more hours wearing a three piece suit, that noose-like tie, those damned expensive Chinese shoes, the nylon socks bought after the Middle East cooled down, and a thick coat meant for England's cold weather, was unbearable. I was tempted to take off all my clothes (except for one) and cal the whole thing off. 

"So....will the plane depart exactly two hours later than scheduled?"

Someone from the annoyingly large farewell contingent asked, and that question suddenly made our house explode into a pointless deliberation that made it resemble a legislative body debating a useless resolution.

"Will the plane leave two hours later or do you go to the airport two hours later?"

"But does two hours really mean two hours?"

"But what does a plane coming from Tokyo have to do with an Air India flight going to London?"

"Let's say the plane reaches earlier than estimated......will it still leave two hours late or earlier than that?"

"Let's say that Tokyo flight is delayed by four hours instead, will your flight leave two hours late or four hours late?"

"Someone told me that last week a flight scheduled for midnight eventually departed after dawn. Is that true?"

"Are you sure it's a plane from Tokyo? Maybe it's Kyoto."

"I just called a friend of mine who works in a restaurant at the airport. He says there is some mechanical problem in this plane, and the Tokyo plane thing is just an excuse."

"So the flight might get cancelled?"

"Do they have a replacement plane? How many planes does All India Radio have anyway?"

"It's Air India, not All India Radio."

"Yeah, same difference."

"Mechanical problems......that's scary!"

"You both have life insurance, right?"

"Remember the plane that crashed at Cairo five years ago? My boss' nephew was on it. His wife got two million as compensation!"

"I've heard you can buy life insurance at the airport."

All this nonsense from people who had nothing to do with our travel whatsoever. I prayed to god to rescue me from this plane chaos by sending the plane he sent for Sant Tukaram. 

"I'm telling you guys. Instead of spending the two hours sitting at home, spend them sitting at the airport. Let's say they repair the plane early and it leaves before time. What are you going to do? It's not like you can catch it on the way. It's not the Barshi-Pandharpur passenger train. Hehehehe!"

So finally, following the over-cautious traditions of my train journeys, we reached the airport at 9:30 PM for a plane that was scheduled to depart at 1:30 AM. Some of my other friends and colleagues were at the airport already to see me off. They either didn't know that the plane was delayed, or even if they knew, they were aware of my over-cautious traditions. 

All my friends at the airport made me feel very awkward and also emotional by showering me with so many garlands and bouquets, that the airport officials thought I was a politician. And I had an epiphany at that moment - the greatest wealth in my life is my friends. If wealth were to be measured in friendships, I am probably richer than Tata-Birla combined. I have so many dear friends in so many walks of life! And so many of them had come late at night and out of the way to the airport to see me off. 

I felt touched but also embarrassed. Firstly, I still wasn't sure I could pull off the suit-boot look. Having such a huge audience for it felt weird. And then there were these garlands and bouquets. I was overwhelmed. I have gotten used to getting such attention at functions and award shows and suchlike. But on this occasion, I was feeling like I had an emotional debt to pay off. Just popping by to say goodbye is one thing, but these guys had come all the way to the airport!

My embarrassment was compounded by the fact that I hadn't really done or achieved anything to deserve all the attention that night. When I get such attention after a successful theater performance, it's okay. At least I gave them some happiness, and they are appreciating it. But that night, my wife and I were just flying to England like thousands of people do everyday. And yet my mob of friends at the airport had made me feel like I was doing something special. With a luggage full of such love and good wishes, I started feeling confident that even if all the engines of the plane failed, I could fly anywhere I wanted. 

The crowd of friends and all the flowers being heaped on me made the press photographers hanging around think that I was some big deal. They suddenly started snapping our pictures like paparazzi. In all this chaos, one of my friends went to the airport officials and convinced them to open a "VIP Lounge" for me. A sturdy fellow in a crisp uniform politely asked us to follow him to the VIP lounge. 

At that moment, my wife looked at me happily with an expression that said - "all these years that I have put up with you are finally paying off!"

As we were led into the imposingly plush VIP lounge, I started feeling even more awkward. Given our colonial history, I know that "England returned" has a certain halo attached to it. But I had no idea that the halo starts appearing even before you leave India. I started feeling worried about the possibility of a real VIP showing up and frowning at how our raucous farewell contingent had made the VIP lounge resemble Khandke's chawl. 

Even in all that chaos, I overheard one of the uniformed guys whispering to the other,

"Nowadays, any random person can become a VIP."

His colleague responded,

"Hoga koi Minister ka baccha nahi toh jamai!"

and walked away.

So I tried to appear and act as VIP-ish as possible. I went around folding my hands and solemnly thanking all the people who had come to see me off. Then I started giving away the garlands and bouquets to kids and being unnecessarily nice to them. Basically, emulating every aspect of VIP behavior that I could remember. 

A few of the professional photographers kept taking pictures of all this, and then offered to send them to me. They helpfully quoted a "professional" rate for it that was ten times what it would cost to get a photo taken in my neighborhood studio. But I was pretending to be a VIP and had to play the part. Once I parted with all the advance payments for the photos, the expression on my face finally came to resemble something that actually deserved to be photographs. I have no idea where those expensive photos are now, by the way.

Eventually there was an announcement that the customs check process had started, and we finally prepared to leave that VIP cell....I mean lounge. While leaving, I handed a generous tip to the uniformed guys standing at the door. The astounded expressions on their faces made me realize that real VIPs probably never hand out any tips. They hand out only two things - promises or threats.

We left the lounge and walked straight to the weighing scales near the customs area. I put our bags on it one by one and felt relieved when each of them were a pound or so less than the 44 pound limit. My wife on the other hand seemed a little disappointed and said,

"Hmpf, I guess we could have taken a few more papads then."

I ignored her and walked to the customs booth, standing in front of the officer with an appropriately guilty expression on my face.

This was the second time in my life that I had faced a customs officer. A few years ago, when returning from Goa (then a Portuguese territory) I stood in front of a customs officer for the first time. Everyone in front of me had been questioned extensively and had their bags checked thoroughly. So I was already terrified. Even though there was no reason to be terrified. In the entire crowd there, we were probably the only ones returning from Goa without as much as a tiny piece of chocolate. But customs booths are one of those weirdly imposing places where I feel nervous by default.

Some people are scared of a dentist's chair. Not me. I have been to dentists many times. One dentist actually turned my simple complaint of an aching tooth into an imperative to extract it with the glee of a professional sadist. It hurt so much, I think I actually saw a few angels waiting to welcome me into heaven. But even then, the next time I went to a (different, obviously) dentist, I went with the ease with which I go to Kulkarni's restaurant to eat bhajiyas. No fear or worries. But put me in front of a custom's officer and my heart starts racing.

There are many random entries in my list of "people I am irrationally scared of". For some reason, I am terrified of every liftman. Not afraid of the actual lift, mind you. It's not like I am scared that the lift will plummet to the basement or anything. I am just scared of the liftmen, at least in Mumbai, where almost all of them seem to have a cold blank expression on their face. I am also terrified of waiters in fancy restaurants. If one is standing next to me, I feel so nervous that I invariably spill something. I was never scared of male teachers, but female teachers always petrified me. And I can slap a doctor on his back and sing songs with him even when he is in the middle of surgery, but when it comes to nurses, my hands start trembling even if I am handing them a note. I have no idea why I carry these bizarre fears in my heart.

That customs officer I encountered when returning from Goa had insulted me rather painfully! I still shudder and shed a tear when I think about it.

When it was my turn, he asked me my name, address, and profession. Those days, I earned my living in a college fostering deep hatred for literature among the students. As soon as I told the officer that I was a Professor, and that too of Marathi, he just looked straight into my eyes, and with an expression conveying immense pity, said,

"You can go."

He didn't ask to search my luggage, didn't ask me if I was carrying any contraband, didn't even ask me if I had anything to declare. With utter conviction that I lacked the ability or the means to smuggle in alcohol, gold, cigarettes, or anything like that, he sent me on my way. I have never felt more humiliated. I would've preferred it if he had instead put me through a two hour long interrogation under a bright lamp.

So that day in Mumbai airport, I was wondering if the customs officer in charge of examining departing passengers would be more respectful. He looked at my bags, then glanced at my face, and then wordlessly made some chalk markings on the bags and waved me through. Rude, isn't it?

Next my wife and I went to Passport Control. Our passports had been issued two years ago and were valid for three more years. But one of my friends in the farewell party had authoritatively said, 

"Ohhhh.....just three years validity left? That might create problems. Good luck!"

I nervously handed over the passports to the officer. He glanced at them for a nanosecond and returned them to me. I was less worried about the validity and more worried about the passport photo. But the officer had evidently discovered some similarity between my passport photo and the way I actually look. Once we were done with that, a health officer quickly made sure we had taken the necessary vaccinations and we were done.

Once we got the "worthy of traveling abroad" certification from Pandit Nehru's people, all we could do was wait for the plane to leave. It was past midnight. The departure area at Santa Cruz is decorated and furnished in a very modern way. There are lots of comfortable couches and chairs for passengers to relax in. But my wife and I were sitting there uncomfortably, feeling out of place.

There was a European couple sitting in front of us. They seemed confused by Indian currency. These were the days when paisa coins co-existed with anna coins and the poor visitors had no idea if the many coins they had were worth five rupees or five annas. Hoping to give them a happy memory of Indian hospitality, I jumped in to offer unsolicited advice and ended up compounding their confusion even more. Finally my better half stepped in, sorted the whole thing out, and informed them that Indian women have a much better understanding of money than Indian men. 

The European couple left for their flight and I started looking around at other fellow-passengers. With a parochial mindset, I went around to see if there were other Marathi folk there, and soon met a man named Patil and a student named Joshi. I was there representing the Deshpande name. All we were missing was a Kulkarni. If we had found one, we would have had Patil-Joshi-Deshpande-Kulkarni, the four pillars of the ancient Marathi administrative set-up. Sadly there was no Kulkarni on that flight, but it did end up having a pilot named Nadkarni. Nadkarni is essentially the South Kannada version of Kulkarni, so I guess we ended up with the full set eventually.

 Around 1 AM, the plane's wings must have fluttered because suddenly, there was a lot of activity around us. The crowd started walking in one direction, and we went along. I looked at the glass barrier at the customs desk and saw our contingent was still patiently waiting. The elders had tears in their eyes and the younger lot looked like they were cracking stale jokes at our expense and passing them off as new. 

When we eventually reached the gate, I confirmed three times that it was the right plane. Or else we'd wake up the next morning in Cochin instead of Cairo. I still carried emotional scars from the night at Pune station that I got on a train to go to Kolhapur and woke up the next morning to find I was in a compartment parked in the Pune railway yard. I have always had the kind of luck where I take a girlfriend to watch a movie on the sly and run into a nosy old relative who decided to come watch the same movie. And I couldn't afford to let that luck mess up international travel. 

There was an air hostess standing at the door, welcoming us with an unnaturally wide smile. The rest of the crew, dressed in crisp dark trousers and skirts and blindingly white shirts, sporting wing shaped lapel pins and painstakingly groomed mustaches, was darting about doing their work. We reached our seats and stared out the tiny oblong window at the terminal, wondering if our friends and family were still there. 

Once I was in the seat, I assured myself that despite all apparent obstacles, it now seemed like I would definitely go to England, and fastened the seat belt around my stomach. The engines started humming and the fans started rotating one by one.   The plane got going. After zooming along the ground for a mile or so, it slowed down and stopped at the other end of the runway. 

As soon as it stopped, I started fearing the worst. The plane had already been delayed by mechanical problems. I wasn't sure if they had fixed the problems completely or had postponed some repairs. Maybe now they'd discover more problems. I also carried emotional scars from bus drivers who'd make passengers board on a scorching hot day, bake them in that tin box for an hour while they waited, and then open the bonnet of the bus to examine what's wrong with the engine. 

Luckily, nothing like that happened. In a couple of minutes, the plane started moving again, then sped up, and eventually left terra firma in a graceful glide. I watched the airport rapidly disappear from my view and before I knew it, Mumbai started resembling a gem-laden ornament below us. In that ornament, four million people were probably dreaming as they slept, while I sat with wide open eyes, realizing my childhood dream of foreign travel. 

And next to me was my soul mate and my life partner accompanying me on this adventure. Over the previous twelve years, we had built many castles in the air together, while never feeling tempted to build a house on the ground. We never stayed in one place for more than 2-3 years anyway. We had in common a huge appetite for new challenges and new experiences. And the latest one was to be living in England for 5-6 months.

Our flight had been in the air for a while, and the plane was completely dark as was the sky outside, but I still couldn't sleep. The plane was completely packed and experienced travelers were already snoring. Our air-hostess was Japanese. She was promptly and efficiently offering candy and nuts to travelers with a studied smile straight out of the training syllabus. Her walk was brisk and her voice had the crispness of springtime. 

I was feeling really hot. That damned suit on my body started feeling like clunky armor and I again cursed myself for wearing it on the plane. I looked around and was taken aback when I noticed at an Englishman sitting in front of me. Here I was, wearing a brand new three piece suit because I was going to his snooty country. And this dude was sitting there looking very relaxed in khaki shorts, a flannel shirt with some twenty five pockets, and a flimsy felt hat that did not match.

So I discreetly looked around at the other white people on the flight. Not a single one of them was dressed even as remotely formally as I was. Sitting there overdressed in that damned suit in the middle of the night, I started feeling like even more of a neophyte than I already was. 

Suddenly the Japanese air-hostess appeared with a small wet towel on a plate. I eyed the towel suspiciously for a second. I had no idea what purpose a wet towel was supposed to serve at two in the morning. But I was brought up never to turn a plate away, so I picked up the towel and thanked her. I looked at my wife to see if she had any suggestions, but she was fast asleep. I slowly glanced across the aisle and saw that the guy there was gently rubbing the towel on his face. I did the same, and the cool cologne scented fabric gave me some relief from the intense heat I was experiencing. 

Our massive jumbo jet was slicing through the darkness leaving cities and mountains behind. I was finally feeling a little drowsy. Almost everyone around me, including my wife, was already asleep. That Englishman with the khaki shorts was in fact trying to drown out the noise of the engine with his own booming multi-octave snores with his mouth open. The ex-subject of Her Majesty's realm inside me felt relieved to observe first-hand that even the English can snore with their mouths open. Because once our travel plans were made, I was a bit worried about that. 

You see, I am one of "those" too. But over the course of my life, I have come across some impressively loud snorers. My grandma says that people with big hearts and minds snore the most. I don't know if there is any correlation between big bodies and big hearts and minds - I won't mind if there is. I started thinking a lot about snoring and hearts and minds. I do remember that I spent a lot of time thinking about it. But I don't know for how long, because the next thing I knew, I was waking up to the dawn's early light.

Our plane was flying over a huge desert. I noted how different this dawn was from any other dawn I had experienced in my life, thousands of miles over a limitless desert. This experience, coming right after I had experienced a darkness so different from any other darkness I had experienced in my life, spurred some philosophical and metaphorical thoughts. It felt like I was witness to the dawn of a new phase of my life. I thought about my recent years and realized that I hadn't really experienced real dawn in years. In Mumbai's fast-paced hectic life, by the time my day ended, it was usually well past midnight. So by the time I usually woke up, dawn would have given up on waiting for me and slid away, making way for harsh sunlight. 

Our Japanese air-hostess, still looking as fresh as a dew-kissed flower, was making the rounds with hot fortifying beverages for the morning. I have never found those beverages particularly fortifying immediately after waking up, so I politely declined her offer of tea or coffee. Instead, I got up and headed to the bathroom. Taking care not to wake up or bump into any of the other passengers, I tiptoed my way to the front, and slowly opened the door to what I thought was the bathroom. Instead I found myself face-to-face with the fine gentlemen flying the plane. It was the cockpit door! I guess the expression on my face gave away what my need was because the co-pilot, without saying anything, pointed me to the correct door. 

I finished my morning ablutions and returned to the seat to find the "fasten seatbelts" sign flashing. By the time I was able to find the belt and buckle it up, the plane had started its rapid descent. I looked out the window and saw that we were headed to a desert island surrounded by more desert. I assumed it was Cairo, our first stopover. I started looking around the landscape in the hopes of spotting some pyramids. By the time I spotted a bump that I thought was a pyramid and was about to point it out to my wife, the plane was touching down, and before I knew it, it was standing stationary in a foreign land.

I looked at the dinky terminal outside the window and was a little disappointed that a city as renowned as Cairo should have an airport that looks more like an ST bus stand. But once we got off the plane, I learned that we were not in Cairo, but in some place called "Bahrain" instead. I felt a bit like Columbus who reached land confident that he was in India but then discovered that he was instead in some strange land he did not know anything about. And I felt relieved that I had not pointed out those supposed pyramids to my wife.

I had never heard of Bahrain before and had no idea where the hell it exactly was or why we were there instead of Cairo. But we walked into the terminal and headed for the restaurant. I learned that there were oilfields nearby and that Bahrain is a small island nation that is known for its oilfields. That was pretty much all we learned about the place. 

We sat in the restaurant, ordered tea, and waited while the plane was refueled. The tea arrived after a long time. One sip of that concoction and I was convinced that in Bahrain, they used dried date palm leaves in lieu of tea leaves and the milk probably came from a camel instead of a cow. Over the course of my life, I have tasted many different kinds of tea......except of course the spilled tea from Mongini's mentioned in the previous chapter. Tea served in small glass tumblers in Mumbai, tea served in mud bowls on the banks of the Narmada, tea served in metallic cups in Madras, masala milk tea, railway station tea flavored with charcoal, tea without milk, tea without sugar, and even Chinese tea made from jasmine flowers. But I will never EVER forget that horrible tea from Bahrain airport. I will happily drink the bitterest castor potion than drink that tea again.

Well, at least the tea was free, because it was paid for by the airline.

Pretty soon, the plane was ready and we all climbed back into its belly. The plane took off soon and headed for Cairo. The flight from Bahrain to Cairo was essentially just desert after desert after desert. Once in a while, just as a change of scenery, there would be a small strip of water. But otherwise, totally barren. Not a single glimpse of green. 

And that's when I really understood why the green flag of Islam came was hoisted in these deserts first. The prophet was very clever in choosing the color green for his flag. It is obvious why millions of Arabs enthusiastically followed that rare pleasant colored flag. I'm sure that the green flag was as instrumental in the spread of Islam as the Koran was. Add to it the moon that the desert dwellers probably equated with the relief provided by night, and I felt I had to applaud the prophet for his grasp of semiotics. 

It was about 8:30 in the morning. I was staring at the desert out the window hoping to spot a camel train. But in vain. I did spot a lot of dry river beds though. Soon the sun got really bright and the glare made it difficult to keep looking outside. Soon our plane moved from the sea of sand to a sea of water. Being geographically challenged, I first decided it was the Red Sea, then the Caspian Sea, then the Black Sea, and then the Dead Sea. I still have no idea which one it was.

A while later, there were murmurs all around that we were flying over the Suez Canal. All passengers looked out the windows, identified the first strip of water they could find, and assured themselves that it was the Suez Canal. Again, no idea if any of those were actually the Suez Canal. From the height we were flying at, every strip of water looked as tiny as the Fergusson College canal in Pune. But in one strip, I spied some dots that seemed like boats and I silently convinced myself that it was indeed the Suez Canal. It was hard to believe that this tiny strip of water was responsible for almost starting World War 3 and almost sinking my travel plans.  

When your plane is flying so high that you can only see the sky and clouds above you as well as below you, you can't help but get philosophical. You forget any fears you have about the plane crashing. Looking at creation from a height that makes even seas look like saucers of water makes you realize how insignificant you are in the whole scheme of things. As our plane flew towards Cairo, I couldn't help but realize that I was looking at the cradle of civilization. These deserts were where the Babylonian, Sumerian, and Assyrian civilizations had once bloomed. Where the library of Alexandria was once home to millions of of books that were burned. I'm assuming some Big Four or Big Five must have had a summit even then and decided that burning books was in the best interests of the world.

As impressive as the sights of great oceans, great skies, and great lands is while flying, one look at the great space when flying above clouds make them all pale in comparison. And you start wondering what the whole point of creation is, and whether you make any difference to it whatsoever. 

Our plane was about to reach Cairo soon and I started thinking about it. Egypt is an ancient civilization, much like India. Historians have discovered that trade and cultural links between Egypt and India date back millenia. This is the land that saw rich culture flourish for millenia even before Christ was born. And when Christ was born, the bright star that shone was above these lands too. This is the land where Jews, Christians, and Muslims found their faiths and then unfurled the blood-soaked flags of those faiths.

I was in the middle of these thoughts and didn't even realize when I dozed off. The next thing I knew, someone was yelling "KAHIRO!!!!", waking me up.

The first sight I saw at Cairo airport was of battle-ready fighter jets. Next to them were imposing anti-aircraft guns with their barrels pointed to the sky. The stage seemed to be set for the next big war. The only question seemed to be which actors would enter the stage first and who the director would be. Actors from dozens of countries seemed to be ready, with war-paint on, or make-up on. Who knew when the final act would start and when it would end.

When I read a big sign that said, "WE WELCOME YOU TO EGYPT", I felt like someone had sprayed a stream of cold water on my face on an oppressively hot day. Why shouldn't all human beings be welcomed heartily all over this little planet of ours? Although as long as there exist things like passports and visas, built on an assumption of distrust of fellow human beings, can we really expect true expressions of such humanity? The sign that said "WE WELCOME YOU TO EGYPT"....to any "you" who reached there, regardless of race, religion, gender, creed.....why shouldn't such signs and more importantly sentiments, be displayed everywhere?

The funny thing is, this "WE WELCOME YOU TO EGYPT" sign was right next to the massive anti-aircraft guns and the irony endemic to human existence tickled me and troubled me in equal amounts.

We headed to the restaurant inside the terminal. The waiters there were very friendly and polite, and served us some divine Egyptian coffee. Compared to Mumbai airport, I thought Cairo airport was small. There was a lot of new construction happening around us though. Egypt is currently in the midst of writing a new chapter in its history. Everybody is watching carefully to see which way their new statesman (Nasser) takes them.

It was in Cairo airport that I first encountered Egyptian people. And as I examined their appearance carefully, I wondered how many Egyptians there might be in Mumbai too. Because in terms of appearance, I didn't really see any major differences between Egyptians and Indians. Beyond the facts I had memorized in my childhood to score 2 marks in the history exam, such as pyramids, mummies, pharaohs, and the Nile river, my knowledge about Egypt was as barren as their desert. I had never even thought about anyone living in Egypt other than Cleopatra, General Najeeb, and now this Nasser fellow.

Suddenly, I was overcome by a profound sense of ignorance and curiosity as a foreigner in a foreign land. And sitting there in the Cairo airport, I started thinking about how day-to-day life in Egypt must be and how I knew nothing about it. How do school teachers, lawyers, and bureaucrats here dress? Is it similar to how those folks dress in India? What is the most popular item in a typical restaurant in Egypt? Do wives here refer to their husbands by name or is there some tactful pronoun that has been coined for the purpose like in India? With each passing second, the expanse of my ignorance about this fascinating culture seemed to exceed the expanse of the desert.

Then I started thinking about the people who worked at that airport. For them, a typical day consisted of interacting with travelers from dozens of different countries, for maybe an hour or two at a time, before they went on their way and were replaced by a different set of foreigners. Do they feel the same sense of curiosity and note their ignorance about other cultures? Or has it become just a mundane feature of their lives by now? Do they actively notice the multi-colored lattice of different races and nationalities or does it just pass by in the blink of an eye like a frame from a cinema reel?

I spent the rest of the time in Cairo thinking about all this before we were called back to the plane. The next stopover was Geneva in Switzerland. As our plane surged through the clouds, we gradually left the desert behind and were soon traveling over Europe. Specifically, Italy, as the pilot informed us.

While I was almost entirely ignorant about Egypt except for its ancient history and contemporary politics, I at least knew more about Italy thanks to all the books I had read. Names like Rome, Venice, and Naples started swimming around in my head. I decided that if the plane had to crash right now, I would want it to do so near Naples. I had read that Naples was home to some of the most awe-inspiring sculptures in the world. So if my plane crashed in Naples, I could drag myself to those sculptures, see them first hand, and then die happy.

Yes, I know it is morbid to keep pondering the possibility of the plane crashing but that's how I am and be honest, aren't you too?

But the plane kept going. I kept looking at the Italian landscape underneath and we didn't see Naples or Venice. But we did fly over Rome. It was hard to miss. As I looked at the distant but clear images of various buildings and cathedrals in Rome, I first felt a great sense of satisfaction at seeing them first hand. Then I compensated for the unfamiliar bliss by berating myself for still not having read Gibbon's "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" even after buying it years ago. I made a mental note to read it as soon as I returned home.

When you're flying over different countries of the world, you think more about what you haven't read about those lands than what you have read. In another hour or so, our plane was flying over the gorgeous alps and I realized we were in Europe's Eden.

Soon the plane touched down in Geneva. I had heard a lot of cautionary tales about how the cold in Europe is way worse than anything I might have experienced in India. I experienced it first hand as I walked into the Geneva airport and felt like I had walked into a massive refrigerator. And this was just August! So I shivered a little and prepared for six more months of this inhumanly cold weather. No wonder these white folks ran away and captured our warmer lands.

As soon as I stepped into the chilly Geneva airport, my brain initiated a flashback from 20 years ago from my college days in Pune. I had grown up in Mumbai, where it never gets even remotely chilly. Then in Pune in the winters, every so often, I would wake up to such a chilly morning. It felt more bracing than oppressive, making me feel like running all the way across the world. I had always thought cold weather would make me feel like a shriveled old man, but instead, it made me feel like a daring young man, ready to achieve anything!

Anyway, we walked into the restaurant at the Geneva airport and it looked more like a flower shop than a restaurant. The faces of all the staff members were fresh and enthusiastic like recently bloomed lilies. There was a spring in their step. It didn't look like anyone could ever age, and everyone looked like they were in their 20s even though they probably weren't. We were served coffee in a very elegantly crafted glass cup. And it tasted divine and almost intoxicating. I wondered that if even the coffee here gets my pulse racing so much, what will stronger beverages do? I had heard that Switzerland is a place where extreme beauty and extreme pleasure is the default and my experiences at their airport confirmed it.

I didn't even realize when that stopover at Geneva ended. It was cold, but I was surrounded by beauty, human and non-human, and I felt more alive than I ever had. Before I got back on the plane, I turned around and took a 360 degree mental picture of all I could see of Switzerland from that terminal. The tall trees sheltering cute little houses, the snow-covered peaks of the Alps kissing the deep blue sky. I promised myself to return for a more leisurely visit. When the plane took off, I was looking at a meandering little river as it flowed through the verdant Swiss countryside, when suddenly, our plane ascended above the clouds. And those fluffy white things that a few hours earlier had seemed gorgeous, now seemed like villains for blocking my view of the Swiss landscape. Our journey continued.

The next stop was to be at Dusseldorf in Germany, It had been over 20 hours since we took off from Mumbai. The hands of my watch had already been rotated many times by then. Every hour, the pilot made announcements about how high we were flying, what the temperature outside was, what the local time was, and so on. Passengers around us were saying random things in response to those announcements like, "Oh! 18,000 feet? That's nice! Very high!"

We were flying through clouds at that moment, so I personally couldn't tell the difference between 18,000 feet and 18 million feet. Honestly, this whole thing of estimating distances has been a challenge for me, whether I am in the air or on the ground. Whenever I read about some witness in court say stuff like "the accused was 19 feet away from me", I feel jealous of his ability to express distance so precisely. Because I absolutely suck at it. I can't even remember the inches in my own measurements for shoes, hats, collars, socks, and so on. When a shoe salesman asks what size I want, I just give him the chappals I am wearing then and ask him to figure it out. I have immense respect for people who go shoe shopping and say stuff like "Bring me Number 8 pairs".

And when someone remembers the precise date on which something happened, I feel overcome enough with admiration to go hug them. When I hear someone say stuff like, "I remember it was July 17th...", I am amazed. I suck at dates too. Which is why I always sucked at history in school. Even now, I remember only three dates - Shivaji Maharaj died in 1680, the 1857 uprising happened in 1857, and using multiple reminder mnemonics, my wife's birthday. Other than these three, I have no idea of any other dates. You can ask me when India gained independence and I will try to hedge between 1947 and 1950.

Anyway, the point is, I am horrible with anything that is expressed numerically. So even before I could figure out how high 18,000 feet exactly is, our plane was touching down in Dusseldorf. Before I knew it, we were surrounded by cries of "Achtung! Achtung!" and "Gut! Gut!". My wife and I walked to the terminal, now sick of this sequence of stopovers. Yes. I was in Germany with its rich history and culture and intriguing contemporary split between East and West, but I didn't give a damn. The aforementioned Joshi and Patil left us here and we sat there hoping that we'd reach London before we died of boredom.

Why does the final stretch of the journey always seem to last the longest? Even when I am traveling from Pune to Mumbai by train, it is the same. The time from Pune to Thane or Kalyan seems to breeze by in a happy procession of vada, omelets, chikki, etc. But from there, Mulund, Bhandup, Vikroli, Dadar, etc seem to take an eternity to pass by. Very annoying! It's the same with other trips too. When you're taking a train from Mumbai to Delhi, everything seems great until you reach Mathura, and then after that, things seem to slow down. If you're going from Mumbai to Nagpur. it is Wardha that is the tipping point after which it is all yawns and polite curses.

The flight from Dusseldorf to London seemed similarly annoying and yawn-inducing. Finally, after about the hundredth yawn, the plane started barreling downwards. All the passengers around us seemed to have perked up as the plane continued descending. Finally there was a bump and the plane started slowing down. And a few passengers around me echoed my thoughts,

"Ah! London!"



          TS219:Gillian Anderson,GSA,FIMA,Comedian Jamie Lee   
Did you know that a great way to test out new material is at poorly attended funeral? This week, Gillian Anderson has zero tolerance for any misogyny bullshit on the set of the X-Files, and the Gay Straight Alliance is being compared to ISIS! Also comedian Jamie Lee is here to complete the Texas trifecta!
          TS208:San Fran MTA, FACT Act,Rand Paul   
Pull out your blueprints because the Denver airport is the new standard for the modern hip apartment! Brace yourself for terrifying murals and uncomfortable chairs! This week the Crisis Pregnancy Center not only has problems with sentence structure and facts, but they are also incapable of distinguishing between IUDs and a fetus. Also, Rand Paul gave a speech at Drake University (sadly not that Drake) and in true Trump form is telling gay people “ya fired.” Come on Rand don’t make yourself the subject of a Drake song because he’s “gotta lot of enemies.” Buh dum chh. Happy Thursday!
          ANALISTA DE PROCESO   
Empresa del rubro de Alimentos, requiere Ingenieros / Técnicos en Alimentos o carreras a fines para integrar el área de Laboratorio. FUNCIONES: relacionadas con Frutos Secos, análisis físico-químicos y sensoriales; Controlar la calidad e integridad de los......
          TS172:50 Shades,Grammys,Matt Moore, Frozen Men   
Are you seeing 50 Shades? Did you see what Kanye did to Beck at the Grammys? Bryan and Erin did, and they have some soft opinions on both of them. Plus, an ex-gay blogger named Matt Moore defended the conservative church's views on gays by saying "we're not as bad as ISIS." And hedge fund founder Jonathan Hoenig went on Fox News to say that government intrusion with vaccines would lead to forced abortion. Fun? Fun.    Subscribe and Rate Us! iTunes Tweet Us!  @gibblertron & @bryansafi Use the Hashtag #tspod Email Us! shadethrowing@gmail.com Like Us! Throwing Shade Facebook Page Old School Listen! RSS Feed
          Analista de Marketing   
Importante empresa de servicios ubicada en la comuna de Las Condes, requiere a un Analista para su área de Marketing. Será responsable de realizar análisis de precios, de costos, contacto directo con proveedores, análisis de producto y promociones. Requi......
          Administrativo Contable    
línica Tabancura miembro de RedSalud CChC se encuentra en búsqueda activa de administrativo contable, cuya principal función es la recepción y registro de rendiciones diarias de Cajas y realizar los respectivos análisis de cuenta. Requesitos: Manejo de ......
          Stop exporting plastic waste to China to boost recycling at home, say experts   
Governments must end incentives that see plastic waste shipped abroad, where it is often buried or burned, rather than being turned back into bottles at home, say industry leaders Sandra Laville and Matthew Taylor The Guardian 29 Jun 17; Governments must stop exporting so much plastic waste to countries such as China and keep more in-country to be recycled into bottles to tackle the waste crisis, industry insiders say. A day after the Guardian revealed that a million plastic bottles are bought every minute across the world, experts aiming to provide a closed loop in which each bottle is...

this is a summary, for the full version visit the wild news blog
          Silver Lining   



"Behind every storm cloud is a silver lining."

This old adage has been my mantra in the last few days. My life, in every aspect, is in such a turmoil. Maybe I'm at the peak of what they call quarter-life crisis. Whatever this is I am going through, I am in dire need of every encouragement I could get. Seeing this beautiful spectacle one afternoon feels like I just got the best cheer, and from the Master above nonetheless. Now, I feel I can go on and move forward no matter what's thrown at me - because I know, something wonderful is just waiting to happen. I am that positive. Thank You Papa God. :)


          Can Trump Succeed Where Reagan Failed?   
(AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

People with family members who were killed by undocumented immigrants meet with Attorney General Jeff Sessions on June 29, 2017.

On Thursday, the House passed the No Sanctuary for Criminals Act, which proposes to withhold federal funding from localities that refuse to cooperate with Trump administration immigration measures aimed at criminal noncitizens and other undocumented people. The bill would also allow individuals and close family members of individuals who are victims of felonies committed by undocumented immigrants who have been released from local or state custody against the advice of federal authorities to file suit against states.

The day before, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu, the new president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors, called on Congress to work on bipartisan immigration and criminal justice law reforms, adding that cities could use more federal assistance to fight terrorism and crime, and provide mental illness, substance abuse, and reentry programs.

Landrieu said in a letter to House members that local leaders do not want their law enforcement officers involved in federal immigration detention activities, nor do they want to be put in legal jeopardy for possible violations of the Fourth Amendment’s prohibitions against unreasonable searches and seizures. (A related bill known as Kate’s Law would establish new mandatory minimum prison terms for deported criminals who return to the United States.)

The sanctuary cities battle, like so many of Trump’s hastily conceived and poorly executed policies, appears headed for another showdown, either when the bills arrive in the Senate, or, in the unlikely event that the upper chamber drums up the 60 votes needed to approve them, almost certainly in the courts.

While the Trumpian turmoil is new, past presidents’ attempts to compel localities to comply with federal policies have met with mixed success. A new report, “Reagan vs. Cities: The 20th Century Battle Over South African Apartheid & Lessons for the Trump Era,” from Jobs to Move America and the Center for Media and Democracy, details the 40th president’s efforts to stamp out the U.S. anti-apartheid movement by several means, including denying federal funds to cities and states that took actions against companies that did business in South Africa.

The report explores the mixed outcomes for two cities that sought to stand their ground against this federal overreach. In 1984, the U.S. Department of Transportation, with the backing of the Justice Department, threatened New York City with the loss of transportation dollars unless the city revoked a local ordinance preventing city officials from contracting with businesses that operated in South Africa or used materials from the country. Although Mayor Ed Koch complained all the way up to President Ronald Reagan, the feisty New Yorker finally backed down, declined to take the matter to the courts, and finally reworked the measure to satisfy federal officials and preserve the city’s federal funding.

Two years later, Baltimore, which had crafted a local ordinance requiring city pension funds to divest $1.1 billion from entities that did business with South Africa, also came under fire. The trustees of the pensions funds and the funds’ beneficiaries (who feared significant financial losses in the short timeframe the funds had to comply with the divestment ordinance) joined forces to take the city to court.

The State Department and the National Security Council submitted briefs supporting the trustees and beneficiaries. But Baltimore ultimately prevailed in the state courts, and the Supreme Court decided not to hear the case. By 1991, nearly 100 cities in 28 states had taken a variety of actions against companies doing business in South Africa.

Although an early attempt by Trump to deny federal funding to sanctuary cities was roundly criticized as unconstitutional (the president aimed to usurp powers granted to Congress) and ultimately blocked by a federal judge, Republicans in Congress have stepped up to take their turn at the issue. Federal courts likely will have the final word on whether the federal government can compel states to assist in immigration enforcement activities or whether such provisions infringe on state powers.

Congress can indeed attach conditions to funding, especially if the funding is related to a specific purpose like law enforcement. Since the Supreme Court has indicated its willingness to consider wider immigration questions like those posed by the administration’s travel ban, it is unlikely that the high court would decline to weigh in, as it did in the Baltimore pension funds question.

Like the anti-apartheid activists, sanctuary cities supporters may find that public response to the crisis may compel different responses from Washington. Grassroots efforts to protect undocumented people have sprouted up all over the country; nearly 650 of the country’s more than 3,000 counties have placed limitations on local law enforcement assistance to federal immigration detention efforts.

But the support for such measures is far from solid in the country at large. Lawmakers in more than 30 states have introduced bills to curb cities’ abilities to weigh in on immigration enforcement. A new Gallup poll shows that Americans’ interests in decreasing the numbers of immigrants admitted to the country have not shifted dramatically.

The “Reagan vs. Cities” report also notes that in addition to cutting off federal funds and other measures, Trump’s tactics include “a public relations strategy aimed at vilifying opponents.” The court of public opinion, however, isn’t always malleable. Reagan may have been the “great communicator,” but he was mostly unable to compel cities and states to abandon divestment and other economic strategies aimed at crippling South African apartheid. Trump, if anything, is more of a great alienator than communicator, who will ultimately run up against the numerical impossibility of deporting millions of undocumented people.


          Nadia Urbinati y Bernard Manin sobre la democracia representativa y su crisis   
Extenso reportaje a ambos, por Helene Landemore
Versión en francés, http://www.laviedesidees.fr/La-democratie-representative-est.html
Versión en inglés, http://www.booksandideas.net/Is-representative-democracy-really-democratic.html

          Heilurit, maasäteily ja Egyptin muinaisesta haudasta löytynyt Isis-heiluri   
Isis on siitä mielenkiintoinen nimi, että se kuuluu Isis-jumalattarelle, jota pidettiin korkeassa arvossa jo muinaisessa Egyptissä aina 5000 vuotta sitten. Isis-jumaläitiä on kunnioitettu ja arvostettu kuninkaitten, kuningattarien ja lasten edustajana aina Rooman valtakunnan aikaan saakka – ja tänäkin päivänä tietyissä paikoissa. Jossain mysteeriopissa Isis ja Osiris ovat edelleenkin mukana, joista mm. Mozart kirjoitti musiikkia Taikahuilu-teoksessaan […]
          Las 23 películas que mejor han contado lo que es de verdad un amor de verano   

Vacaciones En Roma

Jamás culparé al cine por mis altas expectativas en los diferentes ámbitos de la vida. Le quiero demasiado. Pero si hay algo que el cine nos ha enseñado y estropeado para siempre son los amores de verano, porque nunca, nunca serán como en las películas, o al menos siempre serán menos glamoursos y mucho máss pegajosos (sí, soy una hater del calor).

Por suerte, el cine nos ha enseñado mucho más que la existencia de amores de verano idílicos. Además de amores inesperados y románticos, también nos han enseñado amores musicales, turbios, inapropiados, con forma de thriller y que acabarán fatal, cómicos, adolescentes, incestuosos... Y como no todo es perfecto, os traigo una lista imperfecta de algunas de mis películas favoritas sobre amores de verano ideales para esta época del año.

Así que, si como yo odiáis demasiado el calor como para vivir vuestro propio romance estival y os van más los amores en la nieve y con jerséis de lana, os recomiento algunos títulos para que podáis vivirlos desde el sofá de vuestra casa... con el aire acondicionado a tope.

'Vacaciones en Roma' (1953)

Nunca he estado en Roma y me da miedo ir y que no me pase lo que Audrey Hepburn en 'Vacaciones en Roma' ('Roman Holiday', Wylliam Wyler). Claro que yo no soy una princesa europea agobiada por no poder llevar una vida normal y que se escapa de palacio para conocer Roma y encontrarse a sí misma. Con corte de pelo y borrachera incluída.

Aún así, esta delicia de película de final algo amargo de ese amor imposible entre la princesa Anna y el periodista Joe Bradley (un maravilloso Gregory Peck) que termina enamorándose de ella mientras trata de conseguir una exclusiva para su periódico, es perfecta, no sólo para una noche de verano, sino para cualquier época del año.

'Atrapa a un Ladrón' (1955)

Si Cary Grant decide no separarse de ti para atrapar al ladrón de cuyos robos le están inculpando...¿quién podría negarse? Y más si todo esto ocurre en la idílica Costa Azul. Pero no, una vez más, no soy Grace Kelly ni una rica heredera a la que puedan robar las joyas.

Por suerte, no necesitamos vivirlo, porque Hitchcok lo rodó y plasmó tan bien en 'Atrapa a un ladrón' ('To Catch A Thief', Alfred Hitchcok, 1955), con esa mezcla perfecta de thriller y romance que no necesitamos nada más. Gracias Hitch por el glamour de los romances veraniegos entre ladrones y descapotables azules.

'La tentación vive arriba' (1955)

En mi ciudad hay metro, pero no es como el de Nueva York, cuyas rejillas de ventilación provocan un mini-huracán en la superfecie, y aunque así lo fuera, probablemente sería un aire repugnante, calentorro y fétido. Ya sé que a Marilyn Monroe le parece una "brisa deliciosa" en 'La tentación vive arriba' ('The Seven Year Itch', Billy Wilder, 1955), pero no.

En la cinta, Tom Ewell da vida a un neoyorquino de imaginación exagerada que atraviesa una crisis de madurez, pasa el verano en un caluroso Nueva York, mientras su mujer y sus hijos veranean en Maine. En su letargo estival conocerá a una pizpireta modelo de publicidad -Monroe- que alquila un apartamento en su mismo edificio. Ambos pasarán tiempo juntos y él, con su desbordante imaginación, creerá tener una relación con su vecina.

'Tú a Boston y yo a California' (1961)

Nunca fui a un campamento de verano, por lo que hasta donde sé, podría tener una hermana gemela, idéntica a mí, en algún lugar del mundo. Y por supuesto, jamás podremos intercambiar nuestras identidades para conocer el mundo de la otra y conseguir que nuestros padres vuelvan a enamorarse. Pero como dije antes, las expectativas del cine jamás se cumplen y nunca fui esa niña pija londinense que se intercambiaba con su hermana californiana.

Pero una vez más, poco importa. En 'Tú a Boston y yo a California' ('The Parent Trap', David Swift,1961), Hayley Mills ya lo vivía por mí -y mi hermana gemela inexistent, obvio-, y ella y su versión doble conseguían que sus padres -Brian Keith y la pelirroja más pelirroja de Hollywood, Maureen O'Hara- volvieran a juntarse en aquel romántico rancho californiano.

'Búsqueme a esa chica' (1964)

Lo sé. Un salto muy drástico con referencia a las otras películas. Pero no podía dejar de incluirla, por la genialidad que supone ver en una misma película a dos íconos pop de la España de los 60: Marisol y el Dúo Dinámico. Y más si en ella, la niña prodigio y el guapo del dúo vivían un romance veraniego.

En 'Búsqueme a esa chica', Marisol -Pepa Flores- trata de ganarse la vida con su padre en Palma de Mallorca, cuando un ricachón descubre a la chica y quiere convertirla en una estrella, a cambio de alejarla de su padre. Entre tanto, Marisol conoce al Dúo Dinámico y se enamora de uno de ellos. Y hay números musicales tan kitsch y exquisitos como el de arriba.

'Las señoritas de Rochefort' (1967)

Y pasamos de un musical cañí español a uno francés, muy francés, pero rezumando amor por el musical de Hollywood. Sí, hablo de la deliciosa 'Las señoritas de Rochefort' del maestro Jacques Demy, uno de mis favoritos de todos los tiempos. Y por suerte, transcurre en verano, hay romances y encuentran un hueco en esta lista y por lo tanto, una buena excusa para recuperarla.

Aquí, Catherine Deneuve y Françoise Dorléac -su hermana en la vida real- dan vida a unas gemelas que dan clases de danza y música en la aburrida Rochefort -si véis la película, no es aburrida para nada-. Quieren irse a vivir a París y con el verano, llegan a la ciudad marineros, feriantes y demás, que despertarán las ansias de romance de las jóvenes. Comedia fresquita con números musicales exquisitos, colores, asesinatos y Gene Kelly, ahí lo digo todo.

'El Graduado' (1967)

Y aunque 'El Graduado' ('The Graduate', Mike Nichols) no es una película musical, sí tiene una canción que pasó a la historia: 'Mrs.Robinson' de Simon and Garfunkel, y sin duda la banda sonora ideal para el amor prohibido entre un joven y una mujer madura, a los que dieron vida Dustin Hoffman y Anne Bancroft.

Y es que claro, el verano para unos es sinónimo de descanso y para otros, de intentar decidir qué hacer con sus vidas. Es el caso del personaje de Hoffman, que regresa a casa de sus padres tras graduarse en la universidad. Y mientras sus padres quieren que salga con la hija de unos amigos, será la madre de ésta quien trate seducir al joven e inocente muchacho. Ya saben, el calor y la carne fresca.

'Grease' (1978)

Vale. Lo sé: 'Grease' no cuenta un romance veraniego, pero permitidme la licencia, porque si no hubiera sido por uno, uno de los musicales más míticos de los 70 no habría sucedido jamás. Y es que todo empieza cuando Sandy y Danny, dos adolecentes -interpretados por los treintañeros Olivia Newton John y John Travolta- se despiden tras haber vivido uno de esos ídilicos amores veraniegos, pensando que no volverán a verse.

¡Y qué equivocados estaban! Gracias al maravilloso destino cinematográfico, después del verano ella comenzará el curso en un nuevo instituto...¿y adivinad quién estudia también ahí? ¡Bingo! Lo demás es historia llena de gomina, descapotables, chicle y faldas con vuelo. Y de nada por el vídeo con la letra de 'Summer Nights', por si queréis marcaros un Sing'a'long'

'Pauline en la playa' (1983)

Y nos ponemos un poco más serios y volvemos al cine francés y uno de sus grandes cineastas, Éric Rohmer. Y como en todo su cine, en 'Pauline en la playa' ('Pauline à la plage'), parece que deje la cámara y las historias surgen de forma espontánea y orgánica ante ella. Y parece que no le fue mal, ya que la cinta le valió el Oso de Plata a la Mejor Dirección en la Berlinale de ese año.

De ritmo pausado -ya saben, rohmeriana- como el mejor de los veranos, en 'Pauline en la playa' conocemos Marion y su joven prima Pauline, pasan unas vacaciones en un balneario en Normandía. Allí, la primera se reencontrará con un viejo amor y la segunda, comenzará a descubrir lo que un buen amorío de verano puede dar de sí.

'Dirty Dancing' (1987)

Lo confieso. He visto 'Dirty Dancing' millones de veces, pero nunca me avergonzará decirlo y tengo la suerte de que, con los años, se ha convertido en una cinta de culto y manifiesto feminista. Y viene al pelo porque resulta que cuenta uno de los romances veraniegos más míticos y sensuales de los 80, porque quien no se haya sentido identificado alguna vez con Baby y ese "No dejaré que nadie te arrincone" que le dice Johnny Castle, está mintiendo.

En la cinta, Baby (Jennifer Gray), una recién graduada del instituto va a parar con sus padres y su hermana a un lugar de estos de vacaciones en los que solamente hay jubilados. Por suerte, entre los animadores del lugar hay un bailarín excesivamente atractivo (las niñas de los 80 te querremos siempre, Patrick Swayze) y sensible, que por azares del destino -siempre- tendrá que enseñar a bailar a Baby. Y claro, surge el amor.

'Mi chica' (1991)

Si nacistéis en los 80 y el comienzo de los 90 os pilló en plena infancia o entrando en la adolescencia, lo más propable es que el amor pre-adolescente de 'Mi chica' ('My Girl', Howard Zieff) os traumatizara para siempre. Y no os culpo, porque desde que la vi, mi gran temor son las abejas y avispas. Traumas infantiles a parte, la cinta que protagonizaron Anna Chlumsky y Macaulay Culkin, es ya todo un clásico del 'coming of age', del paso a la infancia a la adolescencia.

La cinta, básicamente, transcurre durante un verano en la vida de Vada, una niña hipocondríaca, que vive con un padre viudo director de una funeraria y pasa parte de su tiempo con su amigo Thomas, alérgico a todo. La niña comienza a sufrir los cambios de la adolescencia a la vez que su padre comienza una relación con su nueva empleada y su amigo y primer amor...bueno, no os lo cuento por si no la vistéis, pero...trauma.

'French Kiss' (1995)

A la pobre Meg Ryan la abandona su novio (Timothy Hutton) por una francesa y ésta afrontará su miedo a volar para viajar a Francia a recuperarlo. Claro, porque viajar a Francia en verano y pasar de París a la Costa Azul es toda una tortura, y mucho más, si conoces en el avión a un francés (o Kevin Kline) que se lleva entre manos negocios bastante chungos, en los que, sin duda, involucrará a la pobre Meg.

Pero no importa si en el fondo, ese francés caradura tiene su corazoncito -y sabe de vinos- y tratará de ayudar a Meg -vale, el personaje se llama Kate, pero ¿qué importa?- a recuperar a su novio. Y bueno, todos sabemos qué no lo hará. Y todo ello en un entorno de ensueño que va desde París, pasando por la campiña francesa y Niza. Todo muy encantador y entrañable. Ni tan mal, Meg.

Trilogía 'Antes del amanecer' (1995 - 2004 - 2013)

Sé que soy un poco pesada con la famosa trilogía de Richard Linklater, protagonizada por Ethan Hawke y Julie Delpy, pero ¿qué le vamos a hacer si son auténticas maravillas además de contener altas dosis de romanticismo sin alejarse nunca de la cruda realidad? Y sí, las tres transcurren en verano y sí, las tres incluyen historias de amor.

En 'Antes del amanecer' ('Before Sunrise', 1995), Jesse y Céline se conocían y vivían una intensa noche de verano en Viena. No se volverían a encontrar hasta 9 años después en 'Antes del atardecer' ('Before Sunset', 2004) y durante una calurosa tarde en París con final abierto. Y otros 9 años pasaron hasta que conocimos ¿el final? de su historia en una isla griega en 'Antes del anocheceder' ('Before Midnight,'2013)

'El Talento de Mr.Ripley' (1999)

Muchísimo más turbio es el romance veraniego que nos contó Anthony Minghella en 1999 en 'El talento de Mr. Ripley' ('The talented Mr. Ripley'), en un entorno y con un reparto de ensueño: Jude Law, Gwyneth Paltrow y Matt Damon protagonizaron este thriller psicológico ambientada en la soleada Italia de los años 50.

Basada en la novela homónima de Patricia Highsmith, aquí, Matt Damon da vida a Ripley, un chaval de lo más corriente, que viaja a Italia para conseguir que el hijo de su jefe -el maravilloso Jude Law-, un vividor y ganador nato regrese a casa, por el que se sentirá rápidamente atraído. La cosa se lía de tal manera, que Ripley tratará de vengarse ante el rechazo suplantando la identidad del otro. Ambición, atracción y celos en la maravillosa Italia y con gente muy guapa. Porque sí, Cate Banchett también participa en la película.

'Y tu mamá también' (2001)

Ya lo he comentado más arriba, pero con el calorcito la sangre nos llega a todas partes menos a la cabeza y claro, si dos chavales saliendo de la adolescencia como Diego Luna y Gael García Bernal conocen a una mujer más mayor como Maribel Verdú y ésta acepta a unirse a un viaje en furgoneta con ellos, pues se puede liar considerablemente.

Ante la sorpresa de los chavales de que ella haya aceptado, tendrán que ingeniarselas para hacer el viaje y el resultado es una sexy road-trip que cambiara la forma de entender la vida de los tres. Por cierto, es el cuarto largometraje de Alfonso Cuarón, el segundo que rodó en castellano y el que le convirtió en uno de los jóvenes realizadores mexicanos de mayor proyección internacional. Lo demás, ya lo conocemos.

'Ma mère' (2005)

Sí, lo sé, puede que 'Ma mère' de Christophe Honoré cuente una historia de amor demasiado perversa e incestuosa. Pero es que, al fin y al cabo, es una historia de amor y transcurre en verano y su propuesta es lo suficientemente interesante para que os hable de ella y os la descubra, si no la conocéis, aunque que esté protagonizada por Isabelle Huppert y Louis Garrel ya debería ser suficiente.

En su segundo largometraje, Honoré cuenta las perturbadoras vavaciones de una madre y su hijo recién salido de la adolescencia en Mallorca. Él no necesita nada más que el afecto de su madre y ella, con tendencias autodestructivas introducirá a su hijo en el universo sado-masoquista para alcanzar el amor maternal absoluto. Sudor, sexo sucio, tríos e incesto en este perverso relato.

'500 días juntos' (2006)

Puede que lo que más me guste de '500 días juntos' ('500 Days of Summer', Marc Webb) es que no se trata de una comedia romántica al uso, sino que es todo lo contrario: desmitifica el amor romántico perfecto, pero sin llegar a hacer que lo odies. Y como todas las pelis de esta lista, parte de su trama ranscurre en verano, por no hablar del juego de palabras de su título origina que significa '500 días de verano', siendo Summer, además, el nombre de la protagonista.

En la cinta, Joseph Gordon-Levitt da vida a un joven que trabaja escribiendo cartas de felicitación y cree en el amor verdadero, mientras que Summer (Zooey Deschanel), dejó de creer en él cuando sus padres se divorciaron. Él caerá prendidamente enamorado de ella, ella de él no tanto, y éste tratará de reconstruir su relación par ver donde estuvo el problema y poder recuperarla.

'Vicky, Cristina, Barcelona' (2008)

No, no es la mejor película de Woody Allen ni de lejos, pero causó cierto revuelo en su momento por estar rodada en nuestro país y lógicamente, por reunir a nuestras dos estrellas más internacionales: Javier Bardem y Penélope Cruz. Además, es el claro ejemplo de lo que puede pasarle a dos americanas ingenuas que vienen de vacaciones a nuestro país: porque todos los hombres son tan pasionales como el personaje de Bardem y todas las mujeres están locas como el personaje de Cruz. Esto...no.

En la cinta, Vicky y Cristina, dos americanas, viajan de vacaciones a Barcelona. Mientras la primera es sensata y está apunto de casarse, la segunda busca todo tipo de aventuras. ¡Y vaya si las encuentra! Conocerá a un atractivo pintor con el que comenzará un romance...con él y con su inestable ex-mujer.

'Adventureland' (2009)

Greg Mottola dirigía en 2009 a Jesse Eisenberg y Kristen Stewart en 'Adventureland', una claro ejemplo de como un verano que no va a ser como esperabas puede convertirse en algo más o menos mejor -ahí, según las prioridades de cada uno-.

Así, en la cinta, estamos en el verano de 1987 y Eisenberg da vida a un recién graduado en la universidad, que al terminar el curso decide ir a recorrer Europa en sus vacaciones, para después empezar Periodismo en la Universidad de Columbia. Pero sus problemas económicos se lo impedirán, y terminará trabajando en 'Adventureland', donde conocerá a la enigmática Emily.

'Primos' (2011)

Si te dejan plantado en el altar, la cosa más lógica que puedes hacer a continuación es ir al pueblo donde pasaste los veranos de tu infancia para recuperar a tu amor de adolescencia. Lo normal. Por suerte, todo vale en el cine y ¡menos mal! Porque con 'Primos', Daniel Sánchez Arévalo filmó su mejor y más entrañable comedia.

Así, Quim Gutiérrez y sus primos Raúl Arévalo y Adrián Lastra viajan a Comillas (Cantabria), en plenas fiestas de verano, para que el primero se reencuentre con Inma Cuesta, su primer gran amor. Entre hortalizas, canciones de los Backstreet Boys, verbenas y ferias de pueblo, transcurre este(os) divertido(s) y entrañable(s) romance(s).

'Moonrise Kingdom' (2012)

Y otro verano retro, pero esta vez de 1965 y reproducido bajo la fascinante y mágina mirada de Wes Anderson, lo que implica que 'Moonrise Kingdom' es, sin duda, una cinta de lo más especial, con campamento de verano incluído y una apuesta visual casi, casi, convertida en icónica.

Sam y Suzy se conoce en un campamento de verano, donde los niños pre-adolescentes pasan el día haciendo todo tipo de actividades y viviendo mil aventuras. Pero Sam y Suzy se han enamorado y planearán una escapada para poder vivir juntos y a su manera, fuera de el universo estricto paternal.

'Un jeune poète' (2014)

Aunque creo que no se ha estrenado en España, si alguna vez os topáis con 'Un jeune poète' (Damien Manivel), ni lo dudéis. Y es que me ha parecido oportuno hablaros de ella porque es una cinta interesantísima sobre madurar, las ambiciones -y pretensiones- de la juventud y encontrar el lugar de uno en el mundo. Y claro está, porque transcurre en verano y hay un romance, que para eso hemos venido.

En la cinta, el pobre Rémi sueña con ser poeta y fascinar al mundo con sus versos y por ello, viaja en soledad a la calurosa ciudad de Sète, en el sur de Francia, con lapicero y cuaderno para buscar la inspiración y escribir poemas maravillosos. Rémi lo intenta con todas sus fuerzas, hasta que se enamora de una joven y podrá, por fin, escribir algo. Lo mejor de la cinta, son los penosos intentos de Rémi de ser bohemio. Mucho postureo, vamos.

'Kiki, el amor se hace' (2016)

En su tercer largometrjae como director, Paco León habla de todo tipo de filias sexuales extrañas y como no podía ser de otra forma, asocia el sexo con el verano. Porque en el Madrid que nos muestra León en 'Kiki, el amor se hace', hae mucho calor y parece que esto hace aumentar el deseo sexual de sus habitantes y despierta sus más oscuras -y raras- filias.

Una película coral, muy veraniega y colorida y que a ritmo de pop es toda una oda a la diferencia, a la liberación sexual y claro está, al amor veraniego.


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          AL-QUR'AN MU'JIZAT TERBESAR NABI MUHAMMAD SAW   
Dalam kitab Dala-ilut Tauhid, Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhab rahimahullahu ta’ala mengatakan,
Pertanyaan:
Apa mukjizat [terbesar] Nabi Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam?
Jawaban:
Mukjizat beliau adalah Al Qur-an yang seluruh makhluk tidak mampu mendatangkan satu surat yang semisal dengannya. Mereka pun tidak sanggup memenuhinya. Padahal mereka orang-orang yang fasih, orang-orang yang besar kebencian dan permusuhan mereka kepada siapa saja yang mengikuti Rasulullah. Dalilnya adalah firman Allah ta’ala,
وَإِن كُنتُمْ فِي رَيْبٍ مِّمَّا نَزَّلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا فَأْتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ مِّن مِّثْلِهِ وَادْعُواْ شُهَدَاءكُم مِّن دُونِ اللّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
“Dan jika kalian ragu dengan apa yang diturunkan kepada hamba Kami, maka datangkan oleh kalian satu surat yang semisal dengannya dan panggillah penolong-penolong kalian dari selain Allah, jika benar kalian orang-orang yang jujur.” (QS. Al Baqarah: 23)
Dan di dalam ayat lainnya, Allah ta’ala berfirman,
قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى أَن يَأْتُواْ بِمِثْلِ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنِ لاَ يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيراً
“Katakan, ‘Jika betul-betul berkumpul manusia dan jin untuk membuat yang semisal dengan Al Qur-an ini, niscaya mereka tidak akan mampu, meskipun sebagian mereka menjadi penolong sebagian yang lain.” (QS. Al Isra: 88)
Sumber: Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhab. 50 Su-alan wa Jawaban fil ‘Aqidah. TTp: TPn. TTh, halaman 3.

Sebelum menjadi Rasul, Nabi Muhammad saw telah diberi gelar Al-Amin, yang artinya terpercaya, tidak pernah berdusta.

Rasulullah Muhammad SAW banyak memiliki mukjizat yang nyata yaitu dapat dilihat dengan izin Allah yaitu:

• Memahami bahasa binatang seperti Nabi Sulaiman
• Memerintah bumi dan pohon seperti Musa
• Diberi mukjizat seperti Nabi Ibrahim
• Anak yang meninggal bangkit hidup kembali
• Menyembuhkan orang buta sejak lahir
• Menyembuhkan orang lumpuh sejak lahir
• Menyembuhkan orang cacat sejak lahir
• Mengetahui isi hati orang disekelilingnya
• Memberi makan kepada ribuan orang dengan sedikit makanan
• Memberi minum kepada ribuan orang dengan setitis air
• Mengeluarkan air ditengah-tengah padang pasir
• Mengeluarkan air dari celah jari untuk wudhu puluhan ribu orang
• Menyembuhkan puteri raja yang cacat tanpa tangan dan kaki
• Membelah bulan menjadi ke 2 bagian. Kejadian ini telah dibuktikan oleh para astronot Amerika.
• Mengetahui apa yang telah terjadi
• Mengetahui apa yang sedang terjadi
• Mengetahui apa yang akan terjadi
• Melihat apa yang dibelakangnya seperti dari depan
• Musuh tidak mampu membunuh beliau
• Bumi menelan orang yang hendak membunuh beliau
• Musuh tidak dapat melihat beliau
• Menidurkan puluhan musuh
• Musuh berdiri kaku tidak dapat menghunuskan pedang
• Tidak dapat dibunuh musuh
• Rombongan berkuda para sahabat dapat menyeberang laut tanpa basah dan tanpa menyentuh air ketika mengejar gerombolan musuh yang melarikan diri dengan kapal layar

Begitu banyak bukan. Mungkin sulit untuk kita percaya kalau kita dilahirkan bukan dalam Islam. Sebagaimana kita tidak mempercayai keajaiban Siddhartha Guatama Buddha. Ada juga beberapa muslim yang tidak mempercayai mukjizat ini karena belum pernah membaca hadis-hadis sahih bukhori dan Shahih Muslim atau Shahih Ahmad yang lengkap, bukan dari ringkasan hadits.

Sulit untuk mereka untuk mempercayai mukjizat Muhammad S.A.W

Abubakar RA bertanya: Ya Rasulullah, apakah zaman dimana muslim memiliki iman yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kami?

Rasulullah Muhammad S.A.W bersabda:

Wahai Abu Bakar, apa yang menghalangimu untuk percaya padaku sedangkan wahyu masih turun dan aku masih berada ditengah-tengah kamu sementara kamu semua menyaksikan sendiri mukjizat-mukjizat yang diberikan kepadaku? Tetapi di akhir zaman, ada segolongan ummatku yang mereka sama sekali tidak pernah melihatku, mereka tidak pernah hidup disampingku dan mereka hanya mendengar cerita tentangku tetapi mereka percaya kepadaku, merindukanku, mencintai Allah, mencintaiku, beriman pada Allah dan beriman pada kepadaku. Iman merekalah yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kamu semua ".

Tetapi semua itu telah beralu. semua itu hanya tinggal cerita. semua itu hanya dapat kita dengar saja. semua itu tidak dapat kita lihat sendiri. Sulit untuk sesetengan orang untuk mempercayai apa yang tidak dapat dilihatnya.

Akan tetapi

Al-Qur'an, sebuah buku yang banyak mengandung keajaiban ayat yang baru dapat dibuktikan secara nyata oleh ilmu pengetahuan dan bahkan alat modern tercanggih abad ini, telah disebutkan di dalam Al-Qur'an 1400 Tahun yang lalu.

Al-Qur'an adalah mukjizat sepanjang masa. Diakui Al-Qur'an memiliki ilmu sastra yang terindah. Keindahan bahasa dan hikmah didalamnya sangat sempurna.

Al-Qur'an adalah keajaiban dari keajaiban. Dari segi matematika, Qur'an adalah keajaiban matematika. Di segi Kimia, Qur'an telah mendahului. Dari sudut astronomi, Quran telah membuktikan kebenaran sebelum orang lain mengetahuinya.

Fahamilah Al-Quran, sesungguhnya setiap ayat mengandung mukjizat

Di waktu Ilmu pengetahuan berada pada tingkat tertinggi, tidak ada satupun dari ayat Qur'an yang bertentangan dengan ilmu pengetahuan, bahkan ayat Qur'an menyatakannya secara rinci.

Bahasa Arab yaitu bahasa Al-Qur'an adalah bahasa yang paling sulit di dunia, karena satu kata memiliki banyak arti, bahkan dalam 1 kata gender bisa berarti pria pada salah satu suku arab, tetapi berarti wanita di suku lain.

Tidak seperti kitab lain yang telah kehilangan bahasa aslinya seperti naskah tertua dari Alkitab Kristen (Bible) Perjanjian Baru adalah di dalam bahasa Yunani (Yunani), padahal Isa as menggunakan bahasa Ibrani.

Kebenaran Al-Qur'an ini masih dapat kita lihat di hadapan kita sendiri. Sebagai mukjizat yang tetap hidup selamanya.

Sebuah Kitab yang mengaku dari Allah harus berani dihadapkan dengan segala macam permasalahan, segala zaman, segala segi, segala sisi, dari sudut manapun dan harus sepanjang zaman membawa kebenaran.

Yang tidak dapat didatangi segala kepalsuan dari setiap arah dan seginya (Al-Qur'an), ia diturunkan dari Tuhan Yang Maha Bijaksana lagi Maha Terpuji.
(Qs.41 Fushshilat: 42)

Dari segi sastra, matematika, astronomi, psikology, sains, tata negara, muamalat, ekonomi, jumlah surah, jumlah ayat, jumlah kalimat, jumlah huruf, biologi, astronomi, fisika, kimia, geologi, geografis, segala ilmu, segala abad, sejak penciptaan alam semesta, masa lalu, masa kini, masa depan, sehingga waktu kiamat dan kehidupan setelah kiamat sekalipun, semuanya dinyatakan di dalam Al-Qur'an.

Zaman ini merupakan zaman ilmu pengetahuan, apakah Qur'an, Bible atau kitab-kitab lainnya dapat mengikuti perkembangan zaman?

Maka apakah mereka tidak memperhatikan Al Quran? Kalau sekiranya Al Quran itu bukan dari Allah, tentulah mereka mendapat pertentangan yang banyak di dalamnya.

Banyak orang bukan Islam bertanya, mengapa mukjizat hanya berupa sebuah buku dari orang buta huruf yang datangnya dari tengah padang pasir pada zaman jahiliyyah?

Sebuah mukjizat terbesar berupa sebuah buku yang diturunkan melalui seorang Al-Amin (tidak pernah berbohong) yang tidak dapat membaca di zaman kuno kepada umat terakhir yang pintar dan penilaian melek hurufnya sangat tinggi. Siapa lagi yang mewahyukan jika bukan pencipta alam semesta.

Dan katakanlah: "Yang benar telah datang dan yang batil telah lenyap". Sesungguhnya yang bathil itu adalah sesuatu yang pasti lenyap.
(Qs. 17 Israa ': 81)

Sesungguhnya masih banyak bukti untuk membahas ayat ini. Bukti diatas sudah cukup untuk orang berpikir menggunakan akal. Nabi Isa a.s. pun menyuruh agar umatnya mengutamakan dan mengedepankan akal dalam menyembah Allah.

Kasihilah Tuhan, Allahmu, dengan segenap hatimu dan dengan segenap jiwamu dan dengan segenap akal budimu dan dengan segenap kekuatanmu.
(Markus 12:30)

Jawab Yesus kepadanya: "Kasihilah Tuhan, Allahmu, dengan segenap hatimu dan dengan segenap jiwamu dan dengan segenapakal budimu.
(Matius 22:37)

Jawab orang itu: "Kasihilah Tuhan, Allahmu, dengan segenap hatimu dan dengan segenap jiwamu dan dengan segenap kekuatanmu dan dengan segenap akal budimu, dan kasihilah sesamamu manusia seperti dirimu sendiri."
(Lukas 10:27)

Sudah banyak bukti dikemukakan. Islam terbukti benar.

Barangsiapa mencari agama selain agama Islam, maka sekali-kali tidak akan diterima darinya, dan dia di akhirat termasuk orang-orang yang rugi
(Qs.3 Ali Imran: 85)

Sesungguhnya agama disisi Allah hanyalah Islam. Tiada berselisih orang-orang yang telah diberi Kitab kecuali sesudah datang pengetahuan kepada mereka, karena kedengkian (yang ada) di antara mereka. Barangsiapa yang kafir terhadap ayat-ayat Allah maka sesungguhnya Allah sangat cepat hisab-Nya
(Qs.3 Ali Imran: 19)

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          Atari Lynx Warbirds back of box - 10.26.2008   

Atari Lynx Warbirds back of box - 10.26.2008

Atari Lynx Warbirds back of box - 10.26.2008

Warbirds for the Atari Lynx Handheld system. English description reads: BATTLE FOR THE SKIES! It's the First World War and the conquest of the sky is your mission. Battle your way to the target with WarBirds, the totally three-dimensional, fly by the seat of your pants, dog fight game. Pick from any of six missions from Milk Run to The Swarm to dog fight one-on-one or fill the sky with war planes. Fight against a computer-controlled squadron or link with up to four Lynx friends to determine who is the greatest World War I Flying Ace. French Description reads: LUTTE A MORT DANS LE CIEL Premiere guerre mondiale. Votre mission: Conquerir l'espace aerien. WarBirds, jeu en trois dimensions, va vous fairee decoller de votre siege dans une lutte a la vie a la mort. De Milk Run (duel aerien sans merci) a Swarm (bataille aerienne grandiose), suivant le genre de sensations que vous desirez revivre, choisissez l'une des six missions qui vous sont offertes. Mesurez vous a l'ordinateur ou bien connectez 2, 3 ou 4 Lynx pour jouer a plusieurs ... et tentez de devenir l'As des As de cetter grande bataille. Bottom right corner has FBI seal and message "WINNERS DON'T USE DRUGS, William L. Sessions, Director, FBI"


          DUP ridicules Sinn Fein call for PM and Taoiseach to intervene in crisis talks   
No 10 has confirmed Prime Minister Theresa May had been in touch with the parties during the process.
          ‘Oral health crisis’ as up to 10,000 children await dental treatment   

The Irish Dental Association (IDA) has written to the Taoiseach urging a cross-departmental response “to the oral health crisis” at a time when upwards of 10,000 children are waiting more than a year for orthodontic treatment.


          The iPad has an identity crisis   
Unlike the iPhone, the iPad hasn't launched whole new classes of services. And the more Apple does to make iPads competitive with laptops, the more it gets compared to them and comes up short.
          ISIS Oil Revenue Tanks: Down 85% – Study   
ISIS is losing territory and revenue, down 60%, 80%  Three years after Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi declared the ‘Caliphate’, the terrorist group known for its extreme brutality has lost more than 60 percent of its territory and 80 percent of its revenue, according to new analysis released today by IHS Markit. Governance project has failed The Islamic State’s caliphate[Read More...]
          Guest Contribution: “‘Lending money to people across the water’: The British Joint Stock Banking Acts of 1826 and 1833, and the Panic of 1837”   
Today we are pleased to present a guest contribution written by Geoffrey Williams, Assistant Professor at Transylvania University. The Financial Crisis of 2008 and earlier emerging market crises of the 1990s have encouraged a resurgence of research interest in financial fragility. Out of this work has come a greater appreciation for a number of stylized […]
          “El ISIS es el grupo yihadista menos islamista de la historia”   
El escritor revisó los 1.320 vídeos publicados por el Daesh, que tienen mucho más que ver con los videojuegos populares que con las mezquitas
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          Fun reading list.   
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          Think Tank Director Shares Thoughts on Defeating ISIS   
Streaming Audio Audio icon 16_06_17_mcfate_isis.mp3

How to win the war against ISIS? Jessica Lewis McFate, a director at the Institute for the Study of War, discusses the intricacies at the 24th National Security Law Institute. 


          "Towards a Global Compact for Refugees?" with Alexander Aleinikoff of Georgetown Law   
Streaming Audio Audio icon 16_03_24_refugee.mp3

Professor Alexander Aleinikoff, law professor and former dean at Georgetown University Law Center, discusses potential solutions to the global refugee crisis in his talk, "Towards a Global Compact for Refugees?" Aleinikoff is one of the world's foremost experts on immigration and refugee la


           DUP ridicules Sinn Fein call for PM and Taoiseach to intervene in crisis talks    
No 10 has confirmed Prime Minister Theresa May had been in touch with the parties during the process.
          Faith 'compels us' to fight scourge of opioid crisis, says bishop   
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Bishop Edward Malesic of Greensburg in a pastoral letter called the opioid crisis in this country a scourge and urged the people of his diocese to take action against it.


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          La candidata de Cristina ya tiene una denuncia en la justicia federal   
Imagen: 
Fernanda Vallejos, la candidata de CFK para reforzar la crítica a la economía de Mauricio Macri.

Una ONG denunció este viernes a la candidata kirchnerista Fernanda Vallejos por haber acumulado 3 contratos simultáneos con el Estado a pesar de que está prohibido. La presentación fue realizada Ciudadanos Libres por la Calidad Institucional y recayó en el juzgado de Rodolfo Canicoba Corral.

La ONG denunció a Vallejos, primera candidata a diputada nacional de Unidad Ciudadana en la provincia de Buenos Aires, a partir de un artículo publicado en el portal Border Periodismo que reveló que la economista llegó a ser asesora de una senadora, figurar en planta de la Cámara Baja y tener un puesto en el ministerio de Economía.

De acuerdo a la nota, Vallejos logró acumular los 3 cargos porque omitió informar sobre los otros en una declaración juradas. Por esto, la denuncia impulsada por el abogado Josè Mangiocalda denunció a la candidata kirchnerista por "falsedad ideológica", es decir, adulteración de documentos públicos.

Vallejos tomó relevancia pública días atrás luego de que sus primeras declaraciones públicas tras la confirmación de su candidatura fueran una defensa de Amado Boudou, que deberá enfrentar un juicio oral por un resonado caso de corrupción, y la afirmación de que las denuncias sobre la malversación de los recursos públicos "son un invento de los medios".

La nota de Border Periodismo:

"Pero, ¿por qué Vallejos no quiso o no supo tomar distancia de Boudou, en su primera aparición como candidata? Las lealtades, a veces, juegan malas pasadas. La candidata es economista y formó parte de La Gran Makro, una agrupación política creada en 2011 por el ex vicepresidente -entonces con aspiraciones porteñas- y su entonces viceministro en Economía, Roberto Feletti. En esa usina de colegas K, también abrevó Alejandro Robba, ex subsecretario de Coordinación Económica y, según la gacetilla que presentaba el espacio, “enlace entre La Gran Makro y el equipo económico” que comandaba Boudou desde el Ministerio. Vallejos había ingresado en 2010 a la gestión pública K, como asesora de Robba -que dependía de Feletti y, por jerarquía de Boudou-, trabajó en la Dirección de Cuentas Nacionales y se mantuvo hasta 2015, ya bajo la gestión de Axel Kicillof, quien fuera su profesor en la UBA.

Es que Vallejos llegó a contar con tres empleos públicos a la vez, al menos en 2014, lo que las normativas de empleo público prohíben. El segundo trabajo también llegó con la firma de Boudou: fue designada como asesora en el despacho de la entonces senadora por La Pampa, María de los Ángeles Higonet.

El alta de Vallejos en el Senado se hizo mediante un contrato de locación de servicios, “a partir del día 01 de octubre de 2013 y hasta el día 31 de diciembre de 2013, siendo el monto de la cuota mensual a percibir de PESOS SIETE MIL ($ 7.000)”, según reza el decreto 1404/13 de la Presidencia del Senado, con la rúbrica del ex vicepresidente. La designación se renovó con el mismo tipo de contratación y honorarios con los sucesivos decretos 328/14, 853/14, 2017/14 y 985/15, todos contratos semestrales, salvo el último que terminó el 31 de noviembre de 2015, ya veremos, no por casualidad.

La senadora Higonet auspició varias charlas de Vallejos en distintos municipios pampeanos, como su disertación en el “Encuentro Nacional de Mujeres de la línea Compromiso Peronista”, a mediados de 2013, en Toay; u otra titulada “La Economía en el proyecto nacional: Análisis de la coyuntura, Soberanía, Desendeudamiento y holdouts”, en Realicó, en agosto de 2014.

[...]

Higonet cumplió su mandato a fines de 2015 pero generó polémica cuando intentó perpetuarse en el Senado, al lograr que Boudou le creara una dirección especial y a medida: fue designada al frente de la “Unidad de Coordinación con la OIT-Delegación Parlamentaria Argentina ante la OIT” y pudo nombrar su staff, incluso mientras aún cumplía su mandato legislativo. Pero el decreto que perpetuaba a la senadora en la estructura del Senado fue derogado cuando asumió Gabriela Michetti.

Fue curioso que Vallejos no figurara entre los empleados elegidos por Higonet para acompañarla. La economista, sin embargo, tenía una salida mejor: en noviembre de 2015 la nombraron en planta permanente en Diputados. La hoy candidata K había ingresado a la Cámara Baja del Congreso en septiembre de 2014, contratada como planta transitoria y fue traspasada justo antes del cambio de Gobierno. Hasta el día de hoy figura nombrada en la Dirección de Comisiones de la Secretaría Parlamentaria, con la categoría A3 que, según la escala oficial del Congreso, representa un sueldo bruto de 48 mil pesos (37 mil, de bolsillo).

En su Linkedin, Vallejos admite la superposición de dos cargos. No menciona el Senado.

Tanto la legislación sobre empleo público como las normas que comunica la Oficina Anticorrupción prohíben la acumulación de cargos. Vallejos siempre contó con al menos dos, primero en Economía y el Senado, y luego en el ministerio y la Cámara de Diputados, llegando a la paradoja de contar con los tres cargos públicos en 2014. Allí puede explicarse que su método de contratación en el Senado fuera un “contrato de locación de servicio”, tal vez una vía para disimular la superposición. Sin embargo, cuando un empleado asume un puesto en el Estado debe completar una declaración jurada en la que está obligado a explicitar todos sus trabajos, para detectar incompatibilidades.

#BORDER accedió a la DDJJ que Vallejos presentó ante el Senado en 2014. El formulario está en blanco y lleva su firma y la de su jefa, la senadora Higonet. La economista omitió informar su vínculo tanto con Economía como con la Cámara de Diputados. Las declaraciones juradas son documentos públicos y mentir en ellos puede significar un delito".

Enviar alerta como Síntesis
Una ONG denunció este viernes a la candidata kirchnerista por haber acumulado 3 contratos simultáneos con el Estado a pesar de que está prohibido. La acusan de haber adulterado un documento.
Volanta: 
FERNANDA VALLEJOS
Estado: 
Enviado: 
Titulo Portada Destacadas: 
La candidata de Cristina ya tiene una denuncia en la justicia federal
Marcar como "Tema del día": 
Seccion: 
Marcar como "Ahora": 
Marcar como "Destacada redonda": 
Marcar como "Nota Destacada": 
Marcar como "Destacada en su Sección": 
Marcar como "Destacada Zona Centro": 
Marcar como zona "Videoteca": 
Marcar como "Nota Patrocinada": 
Marcar como Nota En Vivo: 

           Saudi GDP falls for first time since financial crisis as oil output cut    
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          Une histoire des loups   
Madeline, adolescente un peu sauvage, observe à travers ses jumelles cette famille qui emménage sur la rive opposée du lac. Un couple et un jeune enfant dont la vie aisée semble si différente de la sienne. Bientôt, alors que le père travaille au loin, la jeune mère propose à Madeline de s'occuper du garçon, de passer avec lui ses après-midi, puis de partager leurs repas. L'adolescente entre petit à petit dans ce foyer qui la fascine, ne saisissant qu'à moitié ce qui se cache derrière la fragile gaieté de cette mère et la sourde autorité du père. Jusqu'à ce que, malheureusement, il soit trop tard. Aussi troublant que poétique, best-seller dès sa parution aux Etats-Unis, le premier roman d' Emily Fridlund a été acclamé par la critique et reconnu comme l'oeuvre d'un nouveau talent à suivre.
          Tackling the plastic bottle crisis and our wider disregard for nature | Letters   

Green co-leader Caroline Lucas says she hopes to build a cross-party coalition to stop bottle wastage, while other correspondents offer their thoughts on protecting the environment

The Guardian’s coverage of the global plastic bottle crisis (Surge in plastic bottle use sparks global alert, 29 June) has been powerful and compelling. Like so many of the environmental challenges we face, this issue has been largely ignored in the mainstream, which has led us to the extraordinary situation where we have one million bottles being bought every minute globally. Britain’s contribution to this problem is significant. We use a staggering 38.5m plastic bottles each day, accounting for roughly 40% of the litter found in our environment along with cans. We’ve all read in horror the stories of whales’ stomachs filled with plastic waste, and we’ve all seen bottles littering our local communities.

The government must take responsibility for this growing crisis. One easy step forward would be to introduce a bottle deposit scheme. Such systems were commonplace in the UK until the 1980s, and are used in 11 other European countries. The concept is simple: you pay a small deposit on bottles and take them back to the shop you bought them from after use for recycling. The Scottish government has taken a major step towards introducing such a scheme – now the Tories must follow suit. We should also be ensuring that it’s easier for people to refill water bottles in shops and other businesses. This week has shown that the government is far more pliant towards the will of parliament than previously, and I’m hoping to build a cross-party coalition on this issue in the coming weeks so that Britain becomes a world leader in tackling plastic bottle pollution.
Caroline Lucas MP
Co-leader, Green party of England and Wales

Continue reading...
          Make our mental health laws fit for purpose | Letters   
Leading figures involved in the law, mental health and social work call on the government to ensure the detention of people with mental health problems is central to its promised review of current legislation

The increasing use of powers to detain patients with mental health problems is deeply disturbing. Reform of mental health legislation – announced in the Queen’s speech – must ensure respect for people’s rights and dignity. It must also incorporate robust, independent research into why rates of detention are increasing so rapidly and why people from some minority ethnic groups are so disproportionately the subject of detention measures. Too few people are able to access quality treatment and support when and where they need it. The root causes of the current mental health crisis – including societal factors such as poverty, addiction and austerity – must be properly investigated if we are to develop new legislation fit for our times.

The views of mental health service users and patients, their families, professionals and carers alongside a comprehensive assessment of community support and treatment options must be central to a credible review. Mental health underpins national social and economic wellbeing – we are glad the government has committed to giving it the urgent attention it deserves.
Robert Bourns President of the Law Society of England and Wales, Paul Farmer Chief executive, MindMark Winstanley Chief executive, Rethink Mental Illness, Wendy Burn President-elect, Royal College of Psychiatrists, Dr Ruth Allen Chief executive, British Association of Social Workers

Continue reading...
           Turkish, Qatari ministers meet amid crisis with Arab states    
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          Indie Author Spotlight: Robert Eggleton   


Hello lovelies welcome to a feature I am going to have on La Jersey Chika Reads Indie Books that is called Indie Author Spotlight. Each month I will post an Indie Author Spotlight to help spread word about the works of the fantastic indie authors that are out there!


Today tenth installment and feature is Robert Eggleton author of Rarity from the Hollow



 Robert Eggleton




Author's Bio

Robert Eggleton has served as a children's advocate in an impoverished state for over forty years. Locally, he is best known for his nonfiction about children’s programs and issues, much of which was published by the West Virginia Supreme Court where he worked from1982 through 1997. Today, he is a retired children's psychotherapist from the mental health center in Charleston, West Virginia, where he specialized in helping victims cope with and overcome maltreatment and other mental health concerns. Rarity from the Hollow is his debut novel. Its release followed publication of three short Lacy Dawn Adventures in magazines. Author proceeds support the prevention of child maltreatment.



 Robert Eggleton Social Media Sites






Robert Eggleton Book


Rarity from the Hollow

By Robert Eggleton

Genre: Adult Literary Science Fiction

Publication Date: November 3, 2016

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Purchase Link

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Author Interview


Q. Describe your book in ten words or less.

A. An unlikely savior of the universe -- tragedy, comedy, and satire.


Q. What draws you to this genre.

A. I enjoy reading and writing literary fiction and within most genres. I'm not a big fan of pure escapist novels. I tend to look for the author's hidden metaphors -- meaning behind the superficial and that seems to detract from my enjoyment. So, when I write, my goal is to produce something that will be reflected upon after the last paragraph has been read. I also enjoy reading speculative fiction -- the what if? There are several what ifs in Rarity from the Hollow, but the one that was most fun to write was its political parody. What if some compelling force united extreme capitalism and socialism by a common cause --- saving the universe? While much of the focus of my story was on the prevention of child maltreatment, there are other analogies -- i.e. global warming. Rarity from the Hollow was the first, perhaps the only, science fiction adventure to specifically predict the rise of Donald Trump to political power -- parody with no political advocacy one side or any other. Readers find out how Lacy Dawn, the protagonist, convinced Mr. Rump (Bernie Sanders) to help talk Mr. Prump (Donald Trump) into saving the universe. The allegory includes pressing issues that are being debated today, including illegal immigration and the refuge crisis, an issue that several European commentators have compared to cockroach infestation; extreme capitalism / consumerism vs. domestic spending for social supports; sexual harassment…. Mr. Prump in my story was a projection of Donald Trump based on the TV show, The Apprentice. The counterpart, Mr. Rump, was based on my understanding of positions held by Bernie Sanders as I wrote the story. Part of the negotiations in the story occur in the only high rise on planet Shptiludrp (Shop Until You Drop), a giant shopping mall and the center of economic governance, now more easily identifiable as Trump Tower. The allegory was not addressed by ARC reviewers of the novel because so few people worldwide considered Donald Trump to be a serious political contender until the primary elections in the U.S. The political allegory in the novel is obvious now that Donald Trump has become a household name. In summary, I am drawn to literary speculative fiction because it is so much fun to write.


Q. Where do you get information or ideas for your book?

A. Much of Rarity from the Hollow is more real than not, and based upon over forty years of my experiences working as a children's advocate. I use Google for research, for example, on updated research on prevalence rates or correlates of child abuse. One interesting element of the story pertains to the ET assistance that helped cure Lacy Dawn's parents -- she begins the story as an eleven year old protagonist, a victim of maltreatment. Her father is a war damaged Vet suffering from PTSD, night terrors, and anger outbursts. Several book reviewers have complimented by imagination when writing the medical intervention element of the story. In reality, humans are living in a very exciting time when computerized diagnosis and intervention of mental health concerns is an emerging science. The fantastical means employed by the alien in my story to treat the parents were based on today’s medical reality. I’ve already mentioned that in the beginning of Rarity from the Hollow, Dwayne, the abusive father was a war damaged Vet experiencing anger outbursts and night terrors. The mother was a downtrodden victim of domestic violence who had lost hope of ever getting her G.E.D. or driver's license, or of protecting her daughter. Diagnosis and treatment of these concerns affecting the parents, as representative of many similarly situated, was based on emerging technologies presented at the 2015 World Medical Innovation Forum: https://worldmedicalinnovation.org/ . Yes, in real life, like in my story, patients have been hooked up to computer technology for medial diagnosis and treatment. Additional exciting research was presented at that Forum and may one day may revolutionize psychiatric treatment. Most relevant to my story were: (1) smart brain prosthetics, wireless devises being tested for potential to relieve depression, PTSD, Bipolar Disorder…neural engineering to manipulate brain signals; (2) sophisticated imaging systems that are minimally invasive to brain circuitry for diagnosis (3) and, healing the brain with neuromodulation and electroceuticals to treat depression and schizophrenia. http://hitconsultant.net/2015/04/30/tech-revolutionize-neurological-psychiatric-care/


Q. How do you select the names of your characters?

A. Typically, I pick names that fit a culture for stories. While I love fantasy, I've found long and unusual first names for characters annoying, thereby sometimes leading to head hopping as I've read the stories. I try to avoid this practice. For example, I recently read a short story involving sisters with unusual but very similar first names. I kept getting the characters mixed up, complicated by their similar voices. The subculture for Rarity from the Hollow is Appalachian, a place where the use of first and middle names is common when addressing the individual, such as Billy Bob, or Robert Thomas. Lacy Dawn was addressed by her first and middle name in the story as a show of love and respect, while the other characters were addressed by their first names only as a sign that their parents did not hold their existences in high regard. As a back story, when pregnant, Lacy Dawn's mother realized that she would not be able to give her daughter beautiful things in life, so she decided to give her a very beautiful name at birth.  


Q. List your top 5 favorite authors or books.

A. Gosh, this is an impossible to answer question. I'm a mood reader, so my favorite books at one time may be entirely different than at another time. Right now: Vonnegut’s anger in Breakfast of Champions helped me stay strong as a children’s advocate and as a writer, and how to experiment with my writing style. Watership Down by R. Adams was such a sweet adventure that some of this element just is a necessary ingredient of even the scariest or saddest story. Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams is probably on a lot of lists of favorite books. If I feel nostalgic, like now, Another Roadside Attraction by Tom Robbins pushed me into the wilder side of writing regardless of censorship with views on religion and other topics. Last, The Color Purple by Alice Walker remains a role model for using colloquialism to reach mainstream readers. 


Q. What book/s are you reading at present?

A. I'm going to have to pass on this question. I'm reading a second novel by an unknown author and am so disappointed that I don't want to name it. I respected her debut novel and expected this one to be even better. It isn't. When this one was posted on a blog for 99¢ I grabbed a Kindle version. Don't misunderstand. I don't subscribe to the Goodreads rating system based on whether I "liked" a novel or not. If I'm considering writing a review of a novel I would never let my personal taste control such an important task -- my likes are irrelevant to whether a book is great or awful -- so are my comfort zones -- irrelevant. So far, this book has holes in the plot, is so mainstream that it could have been written by a computer program, and was poorly edited. There seems to be no message, but I'm hopeful that the author some how pulls it all together in the last third of the novel. I don't need to like a novel to give it a good rating, but I do have to respect it. Did the story fulfill its mission? It this novel does improve you may see my review on Amazon or Goodreads and you will get my answer to your question if you notice. If the novel does not improve, I may just skip writing a review. The impact of reviews can be so powerful that I wouldn't want to influence the behavior of an author who, based on the debut, has potential but released on perhaps prematurely. If this author was well known, making lots of money, I would have no problem blasting this piece of crap that I'm reading.


Q. What's next for you? What are you working on now?

A. I've been stuck in self-promotion mode for so long that I've neglected the next Lacy Dawn Adventure -- Ivy. I've submitted a couple of short stories to magazines recently but no bites. It seems to me that many magazines either stick very close to the Young Adult genre or are so extreme that my writing seems to have a hard time fitting into content. I don't want to change what I write just to achieve publication, so I'm trying to explore other alternatives. I'm working on a satirical essay, and a couple of poems. One of my poems won first place in an international competition last year, so I have a little name recognition because of that. Ivy, full of metaphors and allegory, is the story of an alien invasion of Earth based in an almost forgotten town. I live in West Virginia, the U.S. state with the highest rate of heroin overdose deaths in the nation. My familiarity with what is happening to my neighbors because of addiction prompted me to ask: how far will a child go to save a parent from addiction? I hope to achieve a similar finding when answering this serious question as I did with Rarity from the Hollow: “…a hillbilly version of Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, only instead of the earth being destroyed to make way for a hyperspace bypass, Lacy Dawn must…The author has managed to do what I would have thought impossible; taken serious subjects like poverty, ignorance, abuse, and written about them with tongue-in-cheek humor without trivializing them…Eggleton sucks you into the Hollow, dunks you in the creek, rolls you in the mud, and splays you in the sun to dry off. Tucked between the folds of humor are some profound observations on human nature and modern society that you have to read to appreciate…it’s a funny book that most sci-fi fans will thoroughly enjoy.” http://awesomeindies.net/ai-approved-review-of-rarity-from-the-holly-by-robert-eggleton/ I'll let you know when it is released.


Q.  What advice do you have for writers?

A. I don’t feel competent to give advice to other writers, but I will share a little common sense based on my observations of this marketplace. Don’t expect to be discovered overnight like you were Elvis singing on the front stoop of an apartment located in a low-income neighborhood. Before you publish, make sure that your work as been professionally edited, or as close to it as your finances will allow – not by a friend or anybody with whom you have a personal relationship. If published, to the extent possible, prevent generic one line reviews from being posted on Amazon – they always look like they were written by your friends and detract from other reviews that appear more legitimate. Commit to the long haul by keeping in mind that the majority of those entering the world of books stay there briefly and then drop out never to be heard from again. And, last, never buy a book review and don’t invest more than you can afford in anything. I’ve heard of aspiring authors placing themselves and their families at financial risk by becoming over-committed to a book that they had written. Hard work pays off, but working smart has better outcomes.   


Thank You So Much Robert Eggleton For Your Time & Interview.



R. Thank you for the opportunity to tell your readers a little about myself and my debut novel, Rarity from the Hollow.




          Revista de People in Need cuestiona censura artística en Cuba   
Revista de People in Need cuestiona censura artística en Cuba
junio 29, 2017

El número más reciente de Rewriting Cuba recuerda la censura no afecta
solo al arte contestatario o a los opositores, sino a todas las esferas
de la sociedad.
La organización no gubernamental People in Need acaba de lanzar una
nueva edición de la revista semestral sobre Cuba que publica la
plataforma Cubalog.eu, en colaboración con escritores, periodistas y
artistas independientes de la isla.

El Número 15, del año 2017 de Rewriting Cuba (Reescribiendo Cuba),
cuestiona la censura artística en la isla, y como no afecta solo al arte
contestatario o disidente, sino a todas las esferas de la sociedad.

"Durante mucho tiempo se ha pensado que en Cuba la censura era algo
reservado para los opositores al régimen", señala un editorial de Agnes
Koleman, sin embargo, precisa la autora, "los años han demostrado que la
censura es algo que no puede aplicarse en pequeñas dosis, pues es como
un cáncer que se come la cultura de un país, sin olvidar a nadie".

Para Koleman, el poder destructor de la censura es tan grande que
"afecta a todo el mundo, porque ataca a la esencia de las personas".

La revista también incluye los artículos "El arte como arma de la
revolución", por Albert Pérez; "Re-contextualizando el término
"disidente", por Yanelys Núñez Leyva y "Borrar un nombre", de Nonardo Perea.

Cubalog.eu fue creada por People in Need en 2007 para brindar un foro
para que cubanos, europeos y otros publiquen sus análisis, experiencias
y críticas sobre las condiciones actuales en en la isla, explica la
organización en su página de internet.

La plataforma también publica, en inglés y español, el boletín Diálogos
Cuba-Europa, y el blog Eye on Cuba.

(Redactado por Idolidia Darias, con información de People in Need)

Source: Revista de People in Need cuestiona censura artística en Cuba -
https://www.martinoticias.com/a/cuba-arte-censura-people-in-need/147884.html
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          Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en usufructo   
Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en usufructo
Éstas significan un 31 % de la superficie agrícola del país
Viernes, junio 30, 2017 | Agencias

LA HABANA, Cuba.- El Consejo de Ministros de Cuba aprobó extender de 10
a 20 años el periodo de posesión de las tierras entregadas en usufructo
a personas naturales, que hasta septiembre pasado sumaban más de 1,9
millones de hectáreas, un 31 % de la superficie agrícola del país,
informan hoy medios oficiales cubanos.

La vigencia del usufructo será prorrogable y, como nuevo requisito, los
beneficiarios deberán trabajar y administrar de forma directa las
"tierras ociosas" entregadas por el Estado cubano, según determinó el
Consejo de Ministros en una reunión celebrada el jueves y encabezada por
Raúl Castro.

El encuentro ministerial tuvo por objeto analizar "el desempeño de la
economía cubana" en el primer semestre del año, según publican este
viernes los diarios Granma y Juventud Rebelde.
El vicepresidente Marino Murillo, exministro de Economía y actual jefe
de la Comisión Permanente para la Implementación y Desarrollo, destacó
que en la actualidad la solicitud de tierras, una medida que se puso en
práctica en 2008, es limitada.

Esto se debe, explicó, a que los terrenos aún disponibles son menos
productivos por causas como la infestación de marabú (una planta no
endémica e invasiva), la lejanía de los asentamientos poblacionales y
servicios básicos o las dificultades para acceder a las fuentes de agua.

También se ratificó "que las tierras otorgadas en usufructo son
propiedad intransferible del Estado y deben mantenerse en explotación,
evitando un mal uso del suelo y la pérdida de su productividad".

Otras novedades son que el usufructo de las tierras se cancelará si se
detecta el empleo de financiación ilícita para su explotación y que se
empezará a aplicar gradualmente el pago de impuestos previsto en la Ley
por "uso, posesión y ociosidad de la tierra".

El Consejo de Ministros aprobó además nuevas medidas que serán
divulgadas próximamente por la prensa oficial para "mejorar la
organización y el control" del trabajo por cuenta propia, ejercido en la
isla por más de medio millón de personas.

La nota de Granma menciona que se han detectado "desviaciones" en ese
sector como "la utilización de materias primas, materiales y equipos de
procedencia ilícita", incumplimientos tributarios e "imprecisiones e
insuficiencias en el control", entre otros.

El trabajo autónomo, aseguró Murillo, "confirma su validez como fuente
de empleo, al tiempo que incrementa la oferta de bienes y servicios, con
niveles aceptables de calidad".

El Gobierno cubano estudió asimismo una actualización de la política de
funcionamiento de las cooperativas en sectores no agropecuarios, otra de
las formas de gestión no estatal impulsadas en los últimos años como
parte de las reformas económicas que abandera Raúl Castro para
actualizar el modelo socialista de la isla.

La prioridad será "consolidar las 429 cooperativas ya constituidas", una
vez que ratificado que este modelo de gestión constituye "una
alternativa para liberar al Estado de la administración de actividades
económicas, productivas y de servicios que no se consideren principales".

Sin embargo, se ha comprobado que en las cooperativas privadas se dan
también "desviaciones de la idea original para las cuales fueron
creadas, así como falta de rigor y exigencia en el seguimiento, control
y fiscalización y tendencia al incremento de los precios".

Esas cooperativas se concentran en los sectores de comercio, gastronomía
y servicios técnicos y personales, construcción, transporte e industria.

El informe económico sobre el primer semestre del año aprobado por el
Consejo de Ministros de Cuba será presentado en la Asamblea Nacional del
Poder Popular (Parlamento unicameral) el próximo 14 de julio, en la
primera de las dos sesiones anuales que celebra ese organismo.

Cuba entró en recesión el año pasado al decrecer un 0,9 % su economía,
lastrada por la crisis en Venezuela, país que envía petróleo subsidiado
a la isla a la vez que compra servicios profesionales, fundamentalmente
médicos y docentes.

También afectaron al país caribeño la caída de los precios de las
materias primas en los mercados internacionales y la insuficiencia de
las inversiones extranjeras, que no alcanzan el porcentaje requerido por
el país caribeño para impulsar su economía nacional.

(EFE)

Source: Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en
usufructo CubanetCubanet -
https://www.cubanet.org/noticias/gobierno-cubano-amplia-20-anos-la-posesion-de-tierras-en-usufructo/
          Pride-viikko huipentuu kulkueeseen   
Seksuaali- ja sukupuolivähemmistöjen oikeuksista muistuttava Helsinki Pride päättyy sunnuntaina. Helsinki Priden tavoitteena on seksuaali- ja sukupuolivähemmistöjen oikeuksien edistäminen ja näkyvyyden lisääminen. Vuoden 2017 Helsinki Priden teema ”Vapaus ja vastuu” nousee Suomen itsenäisyyden 100-vuotisjuhlasta. Tapahtuma korostaa kaikkien vapautta olla sellaisia kuin ovat, mutta muistuttaa myös ettei yhteiskuntamme vielä ole tasa-arvoinen tai yhdenvertainen kaikille. Yksi ajankohtaisista kysymyksistä […]
          Raisa Ranta puolustaa työkokeilua – Kokeilukunnalle tulee kokonaisvastuu ihmisistä   
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          Perussuomalaisten perinnönjako: uusi kansanedustaja erosi, Ruoho kokoomukseen   
Perussuomalaisten perinnönjako etenee. Alkuviikolla kansanedustaja Arja Juvonen palasi puolueeseen ja sen eduskuntaryhmään parin viikon miettimistauon jälkeen. Toinen eduskuntaryhmien ulkopuolella ollut kansanedustaja Veera Ruoho kertoo perjantaina liittymisestään kokoomukseen, uutisoi Iltalehti. Eduskuntaan Hanna Mäntylän tilalle nouseva Matti Torvinen eroaa myös perussuomalaisista, kertoo Yle. Torvinen kertoo eron syyksi sen, ettei perussuomalaisten puolueenjohto ole sanoutunut irti aikaisemmista vakavista ihmisoikeuteen […]
          Video tappoi pelirytmin   
Eräässä Kummeli-viihdeohjelman sketsissä esiintyy häkellyttävän nopeasti soitintaan käsittelevä urkuri. Sketsi muistetaan erityisesti urkurin laukomasta sloganista, jonka mukaan tärkeintä on olla tekemättä elämässä virheitä – ja luonnollisesti sama koski myös muusikon soittoa. Oikeastihan täydellinen ja virheetön soitto tuppaa olemaan vähän tylsää. Musiikinkin viehätys syntyy yllättävistä elementeistä, odottamattomuuksista, rosoista, epätarkkuuksista, jopa suoranaisista virheistä – kaikesta sellaisesta, jotka […]
          Vox is ten years old this month   
Vox is ten years old this month. Since the launch, over 6,000 of the world’s top economists have published on the site, including 17 Nobel Prize winners. Readership has grown to the point where we get between 400,000 and 500,000 page views per month from over 150,000 readers. This column recaps the thinking behind the creation of the site, and describes how Vox’s ‘voice’ grew in importance during the Subprime Crisis, the Global Crisis and the Eurozone Crisis.
          6/30/2017: WORLD: Iraq takes back key al-Nuri mosque   

MOSUL, IRAQ— Iraq’s Prime Minister declared an end to the Daesh caliphate Thursday after Iraqi forces captured the compound of a landmark mosque in Mosul that was blown up last week by Daesh, also known as ISIS or ISIL. “We are seeing the end of the...
          10 tips para armar la maleta perfecta para las vacaciones   
El invierno llegó y el cansancio de mitad de año ya se hace presente, por ello, muchos optan por tomar algunos días o semanas de vacaciones para viajar a distintas partes de Chile o del mundo. Para muchos lo peor de viajar es hacer la maleta: ¿Qué llevo? ¿Cuántos zapatos? ¿Necesitaré cinco o seis poleras?; son solo algunas de las preguntas que nos hacemos antes de hacer el bolso y varias veces terminamos tan solo llevando de paseo prendas que creemos que usaremos pero nunca son parte de nuestros outfits en el viaje. Para saber cómo hacer la maleta perfecta y que no sobre ni falte nada, fuimos en busca de la consultora de imagen Isis Miralles, quien nos dio diez tips para armar nuestro equipaje. Aquí lo que ella nos dijo:
          Seimo TS-LKD frakcijos nario V. Juozapaičio pranešimas: „Kultūros ministerija prisiskyrė ne savo nuopelnų“   
2017 m. birželio 30 d. pranešimas žiniasklaidai    Reaguodamas į viešoje erdvėje Kultūros ministerijos paskelbtą informaciją apie svarbiausius per pirmąjį pusmetį nuveiktus darbus, Seimo Tėvynės sąjungos-Lietuvos krikščionių demokratų frakcijos, Kultūros komiteto narys prof. Vytautas Juozapaitis atkreipia dėmesį, kad dalis ministerijos prisiimtų nuopelnų neatitinka tikrovės. „Vienas iš jų – įvestos kadencijos valstybinių teatrų ir koncertinių įstaigų […]
          House spending bill would scrap military authorization in rebuke to Trump on Syria, ISIS   

House appropriators set in motion Thursday a repeal of the congressional authorization underpinning the U.S. military effort against the Islamic State and recent strikes in Syria, a move that serves as a rebuke of President Donald Trump's foreign policy and a demand that he present Congress with...


          Once Again, Break Up the Banks   
Et tu, Jamie Dimon? The embarrassing announcement of a large trading loss at J. P. Morgan has brought the issue of bank regulation back to the fore.J. P. Morgan’s announcement was particularly shocking because Morgan was one of the few banks to emerge from the financial crisis with its reputation intact, or even enhanced. In Fool’s Gold, Gillian Tett’s narrative of the financial crisis, she singled out J. P. Morgan and its CEO for praise. Supposedly, although Morgan traders had invented some of the synthetic credit instruments that were at the center of the financial crisis, the bank had behaved
Read More ...
          Ex-bosses stand trial over 2011 Fukushima crisis in Japan   
TOKYO - Three former executives from the operator of Japan's tsunami-stricken Fukushima nuclear plant went on trial Friday over the worst atomic accident in a generation, the only people ever to face a criminal court in connection with the 2011 meltdowns that rendered swathes of countryside uninhabitable.
          Las empresas y autónomos pueden seguir facturando al 18% de IVA después del 1 de septiembre de 2012, si el servicio ha sido anterior   
Si los servicios se han prestado antes del 1 de septiembre de 2012, se puede facturar con 18% de IVA, aunque la factura tenga fecha posterior al 1 de septiembre
          Op-Ed: To reform the housing market, get rid of these two bloated behemoths   
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are the real culprits at the heart of the last financial crisis.
          One Network Enterprises Introduces New Business Continuity Solution   

One Network Enterprises (ONE), the leading provider of demand driven supply chain solutions in the cloud, introduced today its Business Continuity solution, a new service to further enhance ONE’s Real Time Value Network (RTVN™). ONE’s Business Continuity solution allows companies to respond quickly to crisis situations that affect supply and demand, such as natural disasters, political upheavals, supplier failures, or transportation disruptions. More than 30,000 companies are already connected to the RTVN for demand driven services that synchronize activities from the point of consumption to raw material supplier, providing a single version of the truth across their entire value network.

(PRWeb June 14, 2012)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/6/prweb9605684.htm


          Reactie op ‘Criminele asielzoeker komt uit veilig land’ door Sholem Asch   
Wanner zien de regeringen in Europa nu eindelijk eens in, dat deze zogenaamde vluchtelingencrisis niets anders is dan een georganiseerde stormloop van armoedzaaiers, criminelen en een georganiseerde stormloop van de islam, die voortdurend op zoek is naar meer lebensraum, het is en blijft nu éénmaal een veroverings(af)godsdienst!
          Warren Buffett can make a $12 billion profit from his $5 billion investment   

Warren Buffett is a great example of how the rich get richer, as his Berkshire Hathaway Inc. can make a quick $12 billion with the $5 billion he invested nearly 6 years ago, a 240% gain. And that doesn't include interest. Berkshire said earlier Friday that it will exercise warrants to buy 700 million Bank of America Corp. common shares at $7.142857, for $5 billion. At current prices, with the stock trading up 0.9% at $24.53, the stake would be valued at $17.17 billion. Berkshire had acquired the warrants in August 2011 as part of its deal to invest $5 billion in Bank of America by purchasing 6% preferred stock, at a time when the bank was struggling in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The stock had tumbled 45% in a year, and had hit a 3 1/2-year low a day earlier. Berkshire said it would use the $5 billion it used the $5 billion in preferred stock to pay for its common stock purchase. Bank of America's stock has soared 83% over the past 12 months, while Berkshire shares have climbed 17% and the S&P 500 has rallied 15%.

Market Pulse Stories are Rapid-fire, short news bursts on stocks and markets as they move. Visit MarketWatch.com for more information on this news.


          The Inferno in Our Pages   
The day a friend remarked that “Books are the closest humans have come to making seashells”, we read about the library ISIS burned in Mosul, and a blogger’s defiant declaration and challenge.
          Attorney Shared Quirky Adventures   

The book “Chinook County: Twenty years of tales from a small town Oregon attorney” shared a collection of incredible experiences of a small town Oregon attorney for twenty years in Oregon. This tackled not just the attorney's experiences in the court but also how his, life and his wife and children's lives change and how they adapt to the new, foreign environment after migrating to Chinook City due to the economic crisis experienced in their previous residence. The book, which contained j...

Read the full story at http://www.webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=209805


          ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠123 Martyrs In Eid In Syria   
Documentation Office in Syrian Press Center (SPC), has managed to document in Eid 123 martyrs authenticated with names, where they included civilians and fighters in the areas held by opposition factions, as most of them passed away in bombardment by international coalition, ISIS in the provinces of Raqqa and Deir Azzor, and regime forces in […]
          50 Martyrs in Raids on al-Diblan In Deir Azzor Rural   
50 civilians passed away in bombardment by warplanes of al-Diblan town in Deir Azzor eastern rural yesterday on Tuesday. 50 civilian martyrs were the death toll of several raids with cluster bombs by warplanes on al-Diblan ISIS-held town in Deir Azzor eastern rural on Tuesday. The raids led to scores wounded including severe injuries so […]
          Should We Be Grateful? | educarenow   
Should We Be Grateful? | educarenow:

Should We Be Grateful? 

Image result for thanks for nothing animated gif

In an odd turn of events, and with little explanation, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder has decided to return the state’s School Reform Office back to the Department of Education.
Why is this odd? Well, maybe it isn’t odd. What is odd is that Snyder initially removed the SRO from the Department of Education and placed it under the control of the Department of Technology, Management and Budget in March of 2015. And why did he do this? I’m honestly not sure anyone knows. However, the suspicion continues that this move was a means of moving the SRO out of the control of the state superintendent and the democratically elected (meaning accountable to us citizens) state school board. This certainly falls within Snyder’s established pattern of avoiding democracy. (Flint anyone?) He took what was ours.
In today’s statement, Snyder explains in an Orwellian sentence, “Improving our schools and holding them accountable for their performance is critical to Michigan’s students’ success.”
What?
Let’s fact check that. Detroit Public Schools (now named the Detroit Public Should We Be Grateful? | educarenow:

          CT Voices for Children is absolutely right about CT budget situation - Wait What?   
CT Voices for Children is absolutely right about CT budget situation - Wait What?:

CT Voices for Children is absolutely right about CT budget situation

Image result for CT Voices for Children


Statement from CT Voices June 30, 2017;
Connecticut Voices for Children strongly believes that a fiscally responsible and stable state budget is the cornerstone for equitable economic growth. The only way to build a strong foundation for long-term inclusive economic prosperity is having a state government with solid finances that is willing and able to support long-term strategies for economic growth and equitable opportunity.
Connecticut’s current fiscal crisis is the result of years of short-term budget thinking and a failure to address our state’s economic challenges. During the past few months, Connecticut policymakers have struggled with the daunting task of closing a budget gap not of their own making. After years of short-term fixes, they are now confronted with a harsh fiscal reality with no easy solutions.
As the Governor and the Legislature go back to the drawing board this special session, we urge them to ground their work in an understanding of the economic, demographic, and political changes which have created today’s ever-growing challenge.
The state budget is the clearest statement of Connecticut’s policy priorities. Working from our strengths, and with the courage to address our weaknesses, we can build a more inclusive economy that enables all families to thrive, provides quality education for all children from cradle to career, and provides the support services necessary to ensure that no child is left behind.
To achieve these priorities, the Governor and General Assembly must seek a balanced approach that combines smart, strategic spending in key budget priorities with tax reforms that assure fairness, stability, predictability, and adequacy. Connecticut needs a stable, responsible budget, with real structural reforms, rejecting the crisis-driven, short-term approach that has marked state fiscal policy for years. Legislators should create a stable revenue stream by modernizing Connecticut’s tax structure to reflect its changing economy, which is increasingly built on services rather than goods. This will require combining bold revenue reforms with a strategic rethinking of budget priorities that include a renewed willingness for forward-looking investments in education, workforce development, and health.
We understand that this shift will not be easy; Connecticut’s fiscal woes are deep, and fixing them will require making many hard decisions. Connecticut Voices for Children believes, however, that working together we can reach a balanced budget that ensures that our state is an attractive place to find a job, start a business, and raise a family. It is time for everyone that cares about the future of our state to set our differences aside and work towards this common goal.CT Voices for Children is absolutely right about CT budget situation - Wait What?:

          Snippet of economic data on ISIS June 2017   
...
New analysis from IHS Markit’s Conflict Monitor shows that while at the height of its powers Isis controlled 90,800 square kilometres (56,421 square miles) of territory, thanks to aggressive US-backed ground and air campaigns across both Syria and Iraq the organisation’s territory has shrunk by 60 per cent to an estimated 36,200 km² (23,000 m²).
Territorial losses have added to financial woes: while in the second quarter of 2015 Isis’ average monthly revenue was estimated to be $81m (£63m), by the same period in 2017 it had fallen to $16m (£12m) – a reduction of 80 per cent.
While Isis has always relied heavily on excessive taxation, fines and often outright stealing from populations under its control – never a reliable source of income – its oil revenue is also down 88 per cent, IHS Markit said.....
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/isis-mosul-defeat-latest-iraq-caliphate-al-nuri-mosque-extinction-survival-islamic-extremists-a7814866.html

          URGENTE AUXILIAR DE CONCURSOS DE SUPERVISIÓN DE OBRA - GRUPO SACMAG - Ciudad de México, D. F.   
_INTERESADOS POSTULARSE EN LA BOLSA DE EMPLEO_*. Empresa líder en Consultoría, Análisis, Evaluación, Diseño, Coordinación y Supervisión de proyectos de...
De Indeed - Tue, 27 Jun 2017 17:47:49 GMT - Ver todos los empleos en Ciudad de México, D. F.
          AEE 633: Crash Versus Crush and the Biking Crisis in Boston   

Click here to get your transcripts from this week


          Azuaga (Unicaja Banco) resalta que la entidad supo mantener su independencia durante la crisis   
El presidente de Unicaja Banco, Manuel Azuaga, ha destacado este viernes que la entidad ha sabido mantener su independencia en un contexto de transformación originado por la crisis financiera.
          Daaka de Médina Gounass : des produits périmés d’une valeur de 200 mille francs saisis   
Le service d’hygiène veille au grain pour éviter la distribution de produits périmés impropres à la consommation sur le site du Daaka. Au total, des produits alimentaires et pharmaceutiques évalués à 200 mille francs CFA ont été saisis par les soldats de l’hygiène depuis le démarrage de cette édition 2017, a indiqué le lieutenant Alassane […]
          SOK:n kenttäjohtaja: Herkut säilyvät Herkkuina, hinnat laskevat   
Tuotevalikoiman mahdollisista muutoksista kerrotaan vasta kaupan vahvistuttua.
          Alma Media ostaa Mediuutiset kokonaan   
Aiemmin Alma Median omistusosuus Mediuutisista oli 50 prosenttia.
          BREAKINGVIEWS: Foreign banks get U.S. stress-test cheat sheet   
Big foreign bankers looking to make their fortunes in America have just been given a convenient cheat sheet for appeasing U.S. bank regulators. The top domestic U.S. banks passed the Federal Reserve’s annual checkup, including the so-called qualitative portion that has tripped them up before. International players like Barclays and Deutsche Bank, who have to take the exam next year, have a useful guide to follow. For the first time since instituting the exams after the 2008 financial crisis, the Fed didn’t object to the dividend payment or share buyback plans of any of the 34 banks that disrobed for regulators. Twenty-one institutions did get a break and were exempt from the tougher qualitative portion of the exam, where watchdogs evaluate operational risk. The 13 banks that were part of this round also passed, although Capital One has to resubmit its capital plan to address certain weaknesses. While U.S. banks may have gotten the hang of the tests, their foreign rivals will be facing
          El Tour guardará hasta diez años las muestras que recoja para futuros análisis   
Las muestras que se recojan en los controles de dopaje del Tour de Francia 2017 se guardarán hasta diez años para posibles análisis posteriores, por decisión de la Agencia Francesa Antidopaje (AFL) y la Fundación Antidopaje en el Ciclismo (CADF),...
          這名女狙擊手在跟ISIS對峙的時候被對方發現開了一槍,沒想到下一秒她的反應讓全世界都不寒而栗!   
好艱難的人生… 看完這一個畫面我們還有什麼愁眉苦臉的理由嗎? 如果你也覺得太誇張那就幫忙分享給身邊的親朋好友看看吧! 想觀看更多瘋狂有趣的視頻嗎?不想再錯過的朋友趕快加入我們到臉書專頁按個讚吧!
          Russia says it found nothing suspicious at Syrian airbase   
The Russian commander in Syria sent the anti-ISIS coalition a letter saying Russians have found nothing to indicate the presence of chemical weapons at a Shayrat airfield
          Turkish, Qatari ministers meet amid crisis with Arab states   

Qatar's defense minister in Turkey for talks amid his nation's feud with four Arab states

The post Turkish, Qatari ministers meet amid crisis with Arab states appeared first on FederalNewsRadio.com.


          Daddy a sweetening begetter is    
The vocabulary explanation for sweetener papa is "a easy unremarkably aged man who supports or spends magnificently on a kept woman or woman."  A a tad more contemporary altered copy could likewise regard "boyfriend" in the account.  But, in footing of the sincere planetary...what scientifically is a sweetening daddy?A sweetening begetter is your middling old man, not necessarily old and worn.  He is more often than not in his mid-40s.  Many modern times he is married, but he may be unconnected or (rarely) a literal bachelor.  A sweetening pater is looking for joy and project.  He may be bored beside his wedding or his partner doesn't afford him the pleasure he of necessity.  He may be birth a mid-life crisis...or trying to skirt one.  Maybe he's bored.  Or friendless.  Maybe he doesn't privation a old-world human relationship because he complex long, problematical hours.  No business the reason, he has designated to chase a sweetening pop similarity to fulfil his needs.  Contrary to popular belief, a man does not have to be well-heeled in decree to be a sugar pa.  A refined sugar male parent can be someone.  Rich or middle-class.  Young or old. Single or married.  Chiseled physique or Jabba the Hut (but in general in concerning).  He's the man you come together at the furniture supply or the bar in your city's commercial enterprise constituency.  He is the fine-looking man on the golf game instruction or the bourgeois.  More than anything, he is a man who enters a connection wise to that he is foretold to present economic assist.  He knows that this is critical in maintaining the empathy.  Post ads:record call n95 / ways tell if he's cheating / hidden recorder android / i have never cheated on my wife / real spy monitor software / how to record phone call at home / he keeps on cheating on me / tennessee bureau investigation records / how to catch a cheater spy equipment / sms forwarding for android / iphone 4 vinyl / voice recording software for phone / bmw car key spy camera / dr. oz 5 signs of cheating / descargar programa para espiar conversaciones celular / best monitor computer graphics / china security & surveillance technology mergerA sugar father is not anticipated to be your unexceeded friend, an accomplished lover, your husband-to-be (though it has been known to occur), a Hollywood adult male.  More likely, he is a workaholic, a touch dysfunctional, a pink-collar white-collar.  When you do insight a sweetening daddy, you can trust him to be a financial advisor, a striking friend, human who pays for your car, teaching or rent, a "regular" guy.
          Cerpen 3_Lagu cinta untuk Cherie   

LAGU CINTA UNTUK CHERIE
Dentingan piano terdengar indah di ruang tamu ku yang tidak terlalu besar. Mengalun mengiringi sebuah lagu dari bibir mungil ku,
“I’ll be on your side, whenever you need me
I’ll be on your side, not only in your peace
I’ll be on your side whenever  you need me, oh my love
I’ll be on your side, forever more I’ll be on your side”
Mata itu menatap lembut wajah ku tiap kali aku mendendangkan baris demi baris dari lagu tersebut. Hati ku bergolak indah membalas tatapan matanya. Mata itu tajam namun menyorotkan kelembutan bagai tatapan mata para dewa. Saat itu tiada wajah yang lebih rupawan di jagat raya ini selain wajahnya, tiada kenikmatan yang lebih indah selain berada disampingya, tiada kebahagiaan yang melebihi canda tawa dengannya. Waktu – waktu terasa begitu cepat berlalu bila bersamanya. Ah, inikah yang disebut dengan cinta pertama? Mungkin iya. Dari cerita yang sering ku dengar, gejolak cinta pada remaja seusia ku hanya berlangsung sesaat meski berapi – api. Namun satu hal yang tidak pernah ku ketahui hingga detik ini, bahwa api cinta ku pada pria bermata elang ini tidak akan  pernah padam meski mata ku sudah rabun kelak .
“starla, mama pikir sudah cukup belajar pianonya. Lebih baik kamu tidur lebih awal, kan besok ada ekskul di sekolah” suara mama mengejutkan ku dari keasyikan ku menatap wajah indahnya.
“tapi ma,….”
Ucapan ku yang masih menggantung segera di potongnya sebelum mama ku mulai mengeluarkan ocehan yang lebih panjang lagi, kan mama jago pidato.
“ya tan, kebetulan udah kelar koq. Starla sudah banyak mengalami kemajuan. Dia terlalu semangat belajarnya tan sampai lupa waktu. Maaf ya tan,…” ujarnya sambil mengerling genit ke arah ku. Aku tersenyum masam menatap wajahnya.
“ga pa – pa koq nak Dony. Starla emang suka lupa waktu”
“ya udah tan, Dony pamit dulu ya,..” ujarnya sopan sembari menyalam tangan mama. Ia juga melanjutkan ucapannya “ aq pulang dulu ya cher,…”
“ehmmmm,…” jawab ku acuh tak acuh  meski hati ku terasa teduh mendengar panggilan sayangnya: Cherie
Aku beranjak ke ranjang ku yang nyaman dan malam pun berlalu melanjutkan petualangannya. Sumpah, aku nggak bisa benar – benar memejamkan mata barang sedetikpun meski lampu kamar ku sudah padam berjam – jam yang lalu. Ketika bedug subuh mulai terdengar, barulah mata ku dapat terpejam. Tentunya, ini tidak berlangsung lama karena setengah jam kemudian telah terdengar ketukan dipintu kamar ku yang ditingkahi oleh suara lembut seorang wanita. Siapa lagi kalau bukan mama ku “ starla, bangun sayang. Jangan telat melulu donk. Liat udah jam berapa ne, cepetan mandi mama tungguin di meja makan trus,……”
Ucapan mama tidak terdengar sampai habis, karena aku keburu menyumpal telinga ku dengan earphone. Siapa juga yang mau diceramahi tiap pagi, apalagi hanya karena bangun telat (peace mama, heheehehee,….)
                                                            ***
Kebahagiaan ku belajar piano dengan guru muda nan rupawan itu tidak berlangsung lama. Karena beberapa minggu kemudian tanpa alas an yang jelas mama memecat Dony. “Mama pikir lebih baik kamu mengambil ekskul yang sesuai dengan jurusan kamu, misalnya les matematika atau kimia, bukankah kamu bercita – cita menjadi dokter,” begitu ucapan mama kala itu. Waktu itu aku berpikir mama ada benarnya. Mengapa aku harus memperdalam kemampuan ku di bidang musik padahal nantinya aku akan memasuki fakultas kedokteran. Adalah lebih baik jika aku mulai memupuk kemampuan ku dibidang sains agar aku tidak ketinggalan dengan teman – teman ku di perguruan tinggi nanti. Bukankah persaingan di sana amat ketat?
Sedikitpun aku tidak pernah menyangka kalau ternyata alasan mama lebih dari itu. Mata mama yang terlatih tidak bisa dibohongi kalau ternyata telah ada benih – benih cinta diantara aku dan Dony. Belakangan aku baru menyadarinya dari sindiran – sindiran mama pada ku. Mama bilang selera ku jelek di banding teman – teman ku. Masakan aku bisa jatuh cinta pada guru les music yang miskin sementara teman – teman sepergaulan yang juga tidak kalah angkuhnya dengan mama berpacaran dengan para pewaris kerajaan bisnis ayah nya masing – masing. Jelasnya, mama ku yang kaum jetset itu tidak akan pernah merestui hubungan ku  dengan laki – laki manapun di jagat raya ini bila tidak sederajat dengan keluarga ku, sekali lagi SEDERAJAT!!!
Memang bila dilihat secara materi, Dony bukanlah siapa – siapa di mata keluarga ku. Ayah Dony hanya bekerja sebagai tukang kebun di rumah salah satu kenalan papa. Sedangkan ibunya Dony sehari – hari berjualan gorengan di kantin sekolah ku. Dony adalah anak sulung dalam keluarganya, satu – satunya adik dony bersekolah di sekolah yang sama dengan ku. Meski harus pontang – panting untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sehari – hari, ayah dan ibu Dony bertekad meyekolahkan kedua anaknya di sekolah yang bagus. Dony terpaut 3 tahun dengan ku. Ketika itu aku duduk di bangku kelas 3 SMA semester awal sedangkan Dony adalah mahasiswa semester 4 sebuah universitas negeri jurusan seni music. Untuk membiayai kuliahnya, Dony bekerja sambilan sebagai pengajar music  privat. Dan kebetulan akulah siswa yang beruntung itu. Aku beruntung tidak hanya diajari olehnya tetapi juga berhasil menaklukkan hatinya yang dingin. Meski dia tidak pernah mengucapkannya secara gamblang, namun dari sorot matanya aku tahu dia memendam perasaan yang sama dengan ku. Tak hanya itu, dia juga memanggilku dengan sebutan “Cherie”. Aku tidak pernah tahu apa artinya dan dia juga tidak pernah memberitahunya. Dia selalu berkilah akan mengatakannya jika waktunya sudah tepat namun entah mengapa tiap kali mendengarnya memanggil nama ku dengan sebutan itu, hatiku terasa teduh. Dony juga suka menghabiskan waktunya dengan berjalan – jalan di pantai bersama ku. Tak sadar ia memegang tangan ku entah mengapa aku tidak merasa keberatan, sebaliknya hatiku merasa tenang. Padaku, dia selalu menceritakan impian – impiannya kelak. Menjadi seorang pianis yang hebat dan terkenal di negeri ini. Semangat dan optimismenya yang tinggi selalu membuat ku terkagum – kagum. Pendek kata, Dony adalah sumber inspirasi dan semangat hidup bagi ku.
            Hatiku serasa disayat sembilu bila mengingat nama Dony. Semua kenangan dengannya membuat ku tersenyum, tertawa, dan menitiskan air mata. Dony adalah sumber kebahagiaan sekaligus penderitaan ku. Oh nasib, mengapa Dony harus meninggalkan ku dengan cara yang kejam, mengapa Dony begitu cepat pergi bahkan sebelum dia sempat mengatakan pada ku apa arti Cherie, mengapa aku begitu bodoh mengikuti kemauan mama saat itu, dan mengapa Dony tidak bisa lagi ku temukan??. Rasanya ingin gila setiap kali pertanyaan – pertanyaan ini berkecamuk dalam benak ku.
            Bertahun – tahun lamanya sejak kepergian Dony hatiku masih merindukannya. Banyak lelaki yang singgah dihidupku namun tak satupun yang singgah dihatiku. Disana, masih tersemat nama Dony dengan indahnya. Tak ada satupun barang yang benar – benar berharga bagiku kecuali secarik kertas usang peninggalan Dony. Disitu tertulis lirik sebuah lagu ciptaannya. Tiap kali memainkan piano ku, lagu itu tidak pernah terlewatkan.
“I’ll be on your side whenever you need me
“I’ll be on your side not only in your peace
“I’ll be on your side whenever You need me oh my love
“I’ll be on your side forever more I’ll be on your side.
     Tiada terasa air mata mengalir deras di pipi ku tiap kali memainkan lagu itu. Aku membayangkan dia ada disisi ku dan merangkum kedua pipi ku dengan kedua belah tangannya. Dia menatap ku dengan tatapannya yang teduh dan menguatkan hati. Lalu  membisikkan kalimat saktinya di telinga ku: “Segala perkara dapat ku tanggung di dalam DIA yang memberi kekuatan kepada ku”. Entah sudah berapa kali kalimat yang sama dikumandangkannya di telinga ku di kala aku sedang gundah. Tapi itu dulu, jauh sebelum prahara dalam wujud ibuku datang dan memisahkan kami. Bagaimanapun, sekarang aku bukan lagi Cherie yang dulu, yang masih ingusan, anak SMA, sentimental tentang cinta, dan selalu mengganggap bahwa dirinya adalah ratu sejagat. Semakin dewasa aku, semakin aku menyadari bahwa aku tidak akan selalu mendapatkan apa yang ku inginkan, khususnya dalam hal jodoh. Buktinya, sekarang aku harus memikirkan masalah pernikahan ku dengan seorang pria relasi bisnis papa. Pria yang konon katanya terpelajar, sopan dan baik, aku bahkan tidak tahu wujudnya seperti apa. Apakah dia manusia biasa atau mahkluk luar angkasa. Semua Teori tentang persamaan hak dan kodrat antara manusia ternyata hanya omong kosong belaka. Setidaknya bagi orang tua ku manusia itu tidak sama, memiliki strata dan tingkatan social yang membuatnya berbeda satu dengan yang lainnya. Apapun itu, sekarang aku akan menikah dengan pria pilihan mereka, katanya sederajat, dan aku tidak berhak memilih. Sekali lagi aku akan MENIKAH!!!

                                                            ***
     Hari itu cuaca sangat cerah. Kicau burung dan semerbak bunga memenuhi taman kota. Seorang wanita yang sudah tua dan beruban duduk termangu menatap panorama alam yang tersaji di hadapannya. Garis – garis kecantikan masa mudanya masih tergambar jelas di raut wajahnya yang keriput. Tangannya yang ramping memegang sebuah buku yang sejak tadi ditekuninya, asyik benar ia membaca. Ketika sedang asyik membaca, tiba – tiba pandangannya tertumbuk pada sesosok pria yang duduk tidak jauh dari kursinya. Pria itu tidak lagi muda, bahkan kulitnya yang kehitaman menambah kesan tua, pakaiannya juga tidak bias dikatakan rapi atau bahkan awut – awutan. Tangan kirinya yang kokoh memegang sebuah alat music, biola tua agaknya. Nenek tua yang sedang asyik membaca bagai terhipnotis untuk terus memandang pria tersebut. Ada sesuatau dalam diri pria ini yang menarik dirinya, mempesona dirinya, sesuatu yang kelihatan sangat akrab, tapi kapan dan dimana pula ia bertemu pria ini?
     Setelah terpekur sejenak, pria tua itu mulai menggesek biolanya dengan irama yang menyayat hati, membangkitkan kerinduan yang dalam akan sesuatu, tapi apa?. Lagu demi lagu dengan lincah di mainkan oleh pria tua ini, menghipnotis seluruh pengunjung taman apalagi si nenek, bukunya tidak lagi di hiraukannya. Selanjutnya, pria ini memainkan lagu berikutnya, mungkin lagu terakhir. Dengan penuh perasaan ia menggesek biolanya, seolah tidak ingin lagu itu memiliki cacat sedikitpun dalam permainanya. Ketika lagu ini dimainkan, si nenek sontak berdiri, seolah ada sesuatu dalam lagu ini yang sangat akrab dengan dirinya, ya dia tidak salah lagi, lagu ini adalah lagunya. Dia harus tahu dari mana kakek tua ini mendapatkan irama lagu yang serupa itu. Tertatih – tatih si nenek menghampiri pria tua itu, dan ia pun sampai di tempat si pria ketika lagu hampir usai. Belum habis rasa herannya, si pria tua tersenyum padanya dan membungkuk hormat. Ya, dia tidak salah lagi, tatapan mata itu, senyum itu, hanya satu pemiliknya di dunia ini.
“kau kah itu dony?” Tanya si nenek dengan suara serak menahan haru
“nenek masih ingat aku?” balas pria itu dengan senyum jenaka
Nenek tidak dapat lagi menahan perasaannya, dia segera memeluk erat pria tua itu yang disambut pula dengan hangat. Segera si pria menarik nenek ke salah satu kursi yang ada di taman tersebut. Di sana mereka bercerita tentang perjalanan hidup yang penuh liku – liku. Si nenek menceritakan bahwa suaminya baru saja meninggal dalam kecelakaan dua bulan yang lalu, sementara si pria sudah bercerai dengan istrinya bertahun – tahun yang lalu.
“kau tahu aku tidak pernah sanggup menjalin hubungan yang serius dengan wanita manapun, karena hanya ada nama itu didada ku. Aku benci pada nama itu, aku benci pada dunia yang membuat ku tidak bisa bersama dengan pemilik nama itu” gerutu pria dengan suara tajam
“aku mengerti perasaan mu, tapi boleh lah aku tahu siapa wanita yang beruntung itu?”
“Cherie” jawab si pria sambil menatap lekat – lekat bola matanya.
Demi mendengar jawaban si pria, hati nenek bergejolak bahagia, dengan penuh rasa haru dia memeluk si pria. Waktu seolah berhenti, tidak ada masa lalu, tidak ada masa depan, yang ada hanya saat ini, ya saat ini.
“lalu, apa arti Cherie itu? kau bahkan belum memberitahunya pada ku”
“Cherie itu panggilan sayang dalam bahasa Perancis, manis” ujar Dony dengan suara perlahan.
Cherie hanya bisa tersenyum mendengar pengakuan Dony, namun siapa yang tahu seberapa kuat kini deburan ombak cinta di dadanya, hanya dia yang tahu. Yang pasti lagu cinta itu masih semerdu dahulu, dan cinta itu masih seindah dulu walaupun si nenek sudah tua dan pria itu tidak lagi muda, karena baginya Cherie tetaplah Cherie walaupun dia sudah di balut kulit keriput tak bercahaya. Dan nenek yang beruntung itu adalah Cherie. Sayup – sayup di kejauhan seolah terdengar dentingan piano yang dimainkan alam:
I’ll be on your side whenever you need me
I’ll be on your side not only you peace
I’ll be on your side whenever you need me oh my love
I’ll be on your side, forever more
I’ll be on your side.

Ya itu dia, lagu cinta untuk Cherie.


                                                                                    Medan, 27 Maret 2011

          Why this Dallas real estate firm went public…in Tel Aviv   
​Dallas real estate investment firm Encore Enterprises closed on a unique public offering this month of a $150 million bond on the Tel Aviv market, one of the few but growing number of companies that has turned to Israel investors to raise money. The genesis of the deal can be tied back to the 2008 financial crisis.

          Leyton Orient’s new owner Nigel Travis: ‘Starting from scratch is not all bad’   
The US-based businessman and Orient fan took over a relegated club with nine players, no manager and no credit to post a letter but he sees cause for hope at the non-league newcomers and reveals a friendship with Liverpool’s owners

Nigel Travis does not divulge the bottom-line figures on the takeover of Leyton Orient, which he and his consortium completed on Thursday of last week. “All I’m willing to say is we’ve put in many millions,” he says. “It’s not like one or two. It’s several times that.”

But the Essex-born, United States-based chief executive of Dunkin’ Donuts and Baskin Robbins is happier to detail the inventory of what he inherited at the crisis-torn east London club, which tumbled out of the Football League and into the National League at the end of last season.

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The Iraqi prime minister has declared that ISIS’s caliphate ‘has fallen’ after a huge symbolic victory in Mosul. Haider al-Abadi said the end to Daesh’s “state of falsehood” followed the recapture of the historical Grand [...]
          En busca del mejor smartphone fotográfico en la gama media: comparativa de seis teléfonos   

Img 0023

Cada día vemos cómo las marcas apuestan con más fuerza por nutrir su gama media y darle a los usuarios que quieren prescindir de los topes de gama, una experiencia mucho más completa. Uno de los elementos que ha sufrido mejoras considerables en esta gama durante los últimos años ha sido el equipo fotográfico.

Por ello, hemos preparado una comparativa fotográfica entre las cámaras de algunos de los mejores gama media del momento, algo que ya hicimos en su día con los gama alta. Veamos cuáles han sido los resultados que nos han reportado y cuál de ellos puede presumir de contar con el equipo fotográfico más completo.

La gama media y su apuesta por la fotografía

Como decíamos, las compañías están poniendo toda la carne en el asador para dotar a sus gama media (y a todas las gamas en general) de mejores cámaras, pues admitámoslo, es uno de los elementos que más se tiene en cuenta a la hora de decantarnos por un teléfono u otro.

Img 0016

Los móviles que hemos elegido para poner a prueba en nuestra comparativa fotográfica tienen características similares, especialmente en cuanto a la resolución de sus sensores y el tamaño del mismo, pero obviamente, en fotografía (especialmente móvil) otros elementos como el software son determinantes a la hora de medir resultados.

Todos estos teléfonos ya los hemos probado en múltiples aspectos de su naturaleza en nuestros análisis, pero ahora vamos a centrarnos solo en su cámara principal y a compararlos entre ellos. Los protagonistas de esta comparativa son el BQ Aquaris X, Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017) , Sony Xperia XA1 , Motorola Moto G5 Plus , Huawei Nova Plus y Nubia Z11 MiniS.

BQ Aquaris X

Samsung Galaxy A5 2017

Sony Xperia XA1

Motorola Moto G5 Plus

Huawei Nova Plus

Nubia Z11 MiniS

RESOLUCIÓN SENSOR

16 MPX

16 MPX

23 MPX

12 MPX

16 MPX

23 MPX

TAMAÑO SENSOR

1.12"

--

1,23"

1,4"

1.12"

1,26"

DISTANCIA FOCAL

24 mm

27 mm

24 mm

26 mm

27 mm

25 mm

APERTURA

f/2.0

f/1.9

f/2.0

f/1.7

f/2.0

f/2.0

ESTABILIZACIÓN ÓPTICA

En vídeo

No

En vídeo (estabilizador Steadyshot)

No

No

No

ENFOQUE

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

PRECIO

279 euros

299 euros

259 euros

247 euros

300 euros

329 euros

Lo que nos prometen

Como vemos en la tabla de características, casi todos los dispositivos que vamos a someter a prueba se mueven en unos niveles de megapíxeles similares, salvo el Sony Xperia XA1 y el Nubia Z11 MiniS que llegan hasta los 23 MPX. En realidad este dato no es el más importante a la hora de obtener los resultados, ya que éstos dependerán del compendio formado por el tamaño del sensor (como regla general, cuanto más grande es el sensor mayor será la calidad final de la imagen), la apertura máxima de éste y si cuenta o no con estabilización.

apertura Una apertura mayor, representada por un número f menor, deja pasar más luz que una apertura menor.

En el caso de estos teléfonos ninguno cuenta con estabilizador (en foto) y el sensor de mayor tamaño se lo lleva el Nubia Z11 MiniS, aunque la apertura mayor la luce el Motorola Moto G5 Plus, que a su vez cuenta con un menor número de megapíxeles. Como vemos sobre el papel, al final todos los teléfonos cuentan puntos fuertes y otros menores, por lo que se compensarían en resultados, pero vamos a verlo in situ.

La importancia del software

Además de las especificaciones técnicas que podemos encontrar en la cámara de un teléfono (tamaño del señor, estabilización o tipo de enfoque), el software es un elemento clave que puede, no solo optimizar o echar a perder los resultados, sino también afectar a nuestra experiencia como usuarios.

El software es un elemento clave del que no solo dependen los resultados, sino también nuestra experiencia con el teléfono

Los fabricantes, conscientes de ello, ofrecen softwares fotográficos cada vez más completos, incluyendo modos manuales que nos permiten experimentar con la cámara como lo haríamos en fotografía tradicional, o gran cantidad de modos automáticos creativos (en ocasiones de dudosa utilidad). Vamos a ver qué es lo que nos han ofrecido en estos términos cada uno de los teléfonos de nuestra prueba.

Samsung Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)

En el caso de este teléfono franquicia de Samsung, nos hemos topado con un software muy competente, ya que encontramos en él lo que necesitamos, ni más ni menos. Modos automático, panorámico y HDR junto con el modo Pro que nos permite ajustar la exposición, la sensibilidad ISO y el balance de blancos. Un software escueto pero completo, fácil de usar y muy intuitivo.

Nova Huawei Nova Plus

Seguimos con el software del Huawei Nova Plus, del que si bien no tenemos críticas muy intensas, tenemos sentimientos encontrados. Por un lado el modo profesional es tremendamente completo (de los que más en esta gama), sin embargo, nos topamos con un menú muy poco intuitivo para acceder a los modos y con bastantes funciones automáticas que, como pasa en muchos móviles chinos, no son realmente útiles y al final acabamos por no utilizarlas nunca.

Sony Sony Xperia XA1

En el caso del Xperia XA1, nos damos de bruces con un software que hace desmerecer un sensor cuya calidad nos daba grandes esperanzas sobre el papel. Y es que Sony sigue apostando por su modo automático superior, que ajusta bastante bien en la mayoría de situaciones, pero sin embargo, deja bastante oculto el modo manual, por lo que encontrar los ajustes dentro de éste resulta bastante caótico, algo que al final, nos reconduce a utilizar el modo automático con tal de no estar navegando en un mar de ajustes ocultos.

Moto Moto G5 Plus

Motorola ha cuidado algo más la aplicación de su cámara en el Moto G5 Plus y su interfaz es bastante sencilla de usar, permitiéndonos realizar fácilmente ajustes desde la pantalla del visor y encontrar los modos sin tener que rebuscar demasiado. Al igual que en el Galaxy A5 (2017), encontramos pocos modos, pero útiles, y entre ellos el mejor es el modo profesional de disparo, que permite ajustar de manera manual el enfoque, el balance de blancos y la sensibilidad ISO.

Minis Nubia Z11 MiniS

Nubia también peca de este "horror vacui" de modos dentro de la aplicación de su cámara que sobrecarga la experiencia más que la favorece. Pese a ello, es bastante sencilla de utilizar, no tenemos que rebuscar entre ajustes ni modos para llegar hasta el que queremos y el modo manual es bastante completo.

BQ BQ Aquaris X

Por último vamos con el software del BQ Aquaris X que, sin sobrecargar (aunque cuenta con varios modos automáticos), da bastantes posibilidades de juego. BQ ha apostado en este teléfono y en su versión Pro por un modo HDR+ bastante procesado pero sin llegar a excederse que puede resultar atractivo, pero sin duda, lo que más se disfruta de su app es el modo modo profesional de disparo, que nos permite ajustar enfoque, el balance de blancos y la ISO.

Img 0022

A plena luz del día

Tal y como hemos visto, todas las cámaras cuentan con un software bastante completo y con los modos manual y profesional como elemento común, pero ahora vamos a ver cuáles han sido los resultados que nos han reportado cada uno de estos equipos fotográficos en diferentes condiciones lumínicas.

Lo primero que vamos a ver es el resultado en la mejor de las condiciones, en la que, a priori, cualquier teléfono con un sensor medianamente decente debería sacar pecho y lucir el mejor de sus resultados. Hablamos de un entorno exterior con luz natural en plena golden hour (justo cuando el sol está más bajo), el mejor momento para hacer uso de la luz del sol.

Photo 2017 06 21 14 19 47 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Photo 2017 06 20 22 45 31 Huawei Nova Plus

Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 55 Moto G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 50 3 Sony Xperia XA1
Minis 2 Nubia Z11 MiniS
BQ Aquaris X BQ Aquaris X

Todos los disparos los realizamos en modo manual, por lo que los ajustes serán si no los mismos, muy similares. Podemos apreciar que los resultados, aunque no difieren demasiado entre sí, nos dejan un Galaxy A5 (2017) haciendo el mejor trabajo en cuanto a la representación del color pese a que nos encontramos con algunas zonas brillantes algo quemadas.

En rasgos generales, el nivel de detalle de las seis cámaras es muy alto, aunque cuando ampliamos las fotos, la mayor pérdida de éste llega de mano del Moto G5 Plus, que es de todos los dispositivos probados el que cuenta con un sensor de menos megapíxeles de resolución con diferencia (12 MPX). Contradictoriamente, el Sony Xperia XA1, a pesar de contar con el sensor de mayor resolución (23 MPX) nos deja un resultado peor de los esperado, pudiendo deberse esto a que no ha elegido los ajustes correctos en el modo automático. Detalles 1 Detalles 2

Primeros planos y tratamiento del color

Aprovechando la luz natural, hemos realizado unas muestras para ver el nivel de detalle al acercarnos (sin utilizar el zoom) y también cuál es el tratamiento del color que obtenemos tras el procesado. Como podemos observar, el nivel de detalle en primer plano es bastante resuelto en todos los modelos y las diferencias en este sentido son muy pocas, pero se podríamos decir que el BQ Aquaris X es el que nos deja un mejor margen de detalle, pues si observamos con detenimiento las flores, se aprecian detalles como los pistilos e incluso el tacto de las hojas.

No podemos decir lo mismo del tratamiento del color. En el caso del BQ Aquaris X, aunque nos da más detalle, el procesado redunda demasiado los colores, dando un resultado llamativo, pero bastante alejado de la realidad. En este sentido observamos que el Motorola G5 Plus satura bastante el color, y que el Nubia Z11 Mini abusa del contraste matando bastante la tonalidad natural. Viendo la escena en directo y conociendo la tonalidad real, me decanto por el Sony Xperia XA1, siendo el teléfono más fiel a la realidad y sus matices.

Photo 2017 06 21 14 19 45 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Photo 2017 06 20 22 45 32 Huawei Nova Plus
Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 56 Motorola G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 48 Sony Xperia XA1
Photo 2017 06 20 22 24 29 BQ Aquaris X
Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 29 Nubia Z11 Mini

HDR, la deuda pendiente

El modo HDR solía ser más un problema que una ventaja en la fotografía móvil, pues por norma general, nos encontrábamos con efectos muy agresivos y demasiado tratados que destrozaban por completo las fotos. De un tiempo a esta parte los fabricantes se han puesto las pilas en este tema, y como vamos a ver a continuación, los resultados que nos han dado nuestros teléfonos a prueba nos han dejado bastante satisfechos.

Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 25 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Photo 2017 06 20 22 45 33 2 Huawei Nova Plus
Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 56 4 Moto G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 51 Sony Xperia XA1
Photo 2017 06 20 22 24 24 BQ Aquaris X
Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 25 Nubia Z11 Mini

Como podemos observar hay diferencias entre cómo procesan el HDR unos y otros, pero en rasgos generales todos nos han dado unos resultados que, sin salirse de la esencia de lo que es este modo en sí, no resultan nada cargados ni surrealistas. Si tenemos que elegir un ganador en este apartado para mí sería el Sony Xperia XA1, creo que el resultado es el más intenso y a la vez más natural de los seis.

De noche todos los gatos son pardos

Ya hemos visto lo bien que se portan nuestros móviles cuando la luz está de su parte, pero ha llegado el momento de hacerles sufrir un poco. Y es que cuando la luz pierde intensidad, bien porque es de noche o porque estamos en un interior con luz artificial, es cuando ponemos el sensor a prueba de verdad y podemos ver de lo que es capaz.Noche 1 Noche 2

En las imágenes que podemos ver aquí, observamos que el nivel de detalle en el Galaxy A5 (2017) es bastante bueno, aunque tiende a dar calidez al color para contrarrestar la ausencia de luz. Algo similar hace el Moto G5 Plus, que también tira hacia la calidez a diferencia del Sony Xperia XA1 que contrarresta tintando hacia azules, algo que da menos naturalidad pero sí más nitidez.

Photo 2017 06 21 14 19 47 2 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Nova Noche Huawei Nova Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 47 3 Sony Xperia XA1
Photo 2017 06 20 22 24 28 3 BQ Aquaris X
Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 55 2 Motorola G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 26 2 Nubia Z11 Mini

En esta última escena, donde tenemos un interior con luz artificial, podemos observar que mientras que el Nova Plus y el Motorola G5 Plus (pese a tener un mayor tamaño de sensor) muestran lascas de ruido, el Xperia XA1 resuelve muchísimo mejor la escena dotándola de mayor nitidez (gracias a la resolución de su sensor).

Haciendo zoom

Por último vamos a ver otro de los puntos débiles de las cámaras en los móviles: el zoom. Y es que pese a que poco a poco nos vamos encontrando con tecnologías más avanzadas, hacer zoom en un móvil sigue siendo condenar la foto al abismo del ruido.

Prueba Foto sin zoom

Zoom Muestras de zoom

Como vemos, este apartado tiene claramente un ganador, y éste es el Nubia Z11 MiniS, aunque le sigue muy de cerca el BQ Aquaris X. Ambos modelos han reportado resultado muy nítidos con el zoom al máximo, algo de lo que no puede presumir el Motorola G5 Plus que se ha llevado la peor parte en esta última prueba.

Aún quedan mejoras pero vamos por el buen camino

Img 0002 Recapitulando todo lo que hemos visto hasta ahora, las conclusiones nos llevan hacia un mismo pensamiento: que la fotografía móvil va por muy buen camino. Y es que no debemos olvidar que a pesar de los fallos que hemos encontrado y del margen de mejora que aún queda, esta tecnología crece a pasos agigantados.

De los móviles que hemos probado, si tuviéramos que elegir un ganador según los resultados obtenidos, nos quedaríamos con el Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017) y su sensor de 16 MP con apertura f/1.9 que ha resuelto bastante bien en todas las condiciones salvo en el zoom, aunque tampoco ha quedado de los últimos.

Pese a todo, repetimos, en rasgos generales encontramos muchos avances en puntos que hasta hora eran críticos como el modo HDR o el tratamiento del color y además, sensores mucho más luminosos que se muestran como el preludio de todo lo bueno que aún nos queda por conocer en términos de fotografía móvil.

En Xataka Móvil | Kodak Ektra, análisis: así es como Kodak quiere resucitar como fabricante de móviles


          Feeling Blue for the Blue Covered Book   

So, again - this one time at the library...there was that book you saw on a shelf, with a blue cover, that caught your eye. But, once again, you had to pass it by. Well, if you find yourself in need of that long lost spark of interest, I maybe, perhaps, might have the book for you! I've found it important to the readers and long-lost book interests to create a second list of books that have, or have had, blue covers - whether or not their most recent editions have blue covers now, they did at some point! Plus, this list is welcome to all kinds of blue covers...

Whether it be a deep blue of the world-wide sensation Outlander, a sky-blue, with clouds included, of the book A Long Way Down, or perhaps a blue-grey of the best-seller turned film All the Light We Cannot See, all blues are welcome on this compilation list. But this list isn't just for the adults on the interwebs! There's also a wide age range available for the younger reader feeling blue...

Be it from the Teen section like Stargirl, King's Cage, or maybe Stormbreaker this list has many blue bindings that you might have left on the shelf for a later date. Even the youth may have left an enchanting book resting on it's display, such as The Warden's Daughter or Ready, Set, Build!. This list also provides you with options from every genre in the library...

Maybe you were passing by the express shelf and snuck a peek at A Great Reckoning or Here's To Us? Maybe browsing through the fantasy section to find A Discovery of Witches? Could have been possibly perusing Mystery and seen The Big Overnight on the shelf? What about the non-fiction readers, who may have strolled through the stacks seeing covers that advertised self improvement or a conservation crisis!

This list has ALL THE THINGS (or would like to have) and is growing each day!!! Please feel free to take a look, and make comments of other blue-covered books you think others may be searching for, so the list can continue to grow! Just think: someone out there could be looking for a blue book jacket that you've read before - maybe you have the answer they've been looking for as the search the numerous volumes of AADL. Or perhaps you yourself have been searching, and the book is in this list already!!! Only one way to find out!


          House spending bill would scrap military authorization in rebuke to Trump on Syria, ISIS   

House appropriators set in motion Thursday a repeal of the congressional authorization underpinning the U.S. military effort against the Islamic State and recent strikes in Syria, a move that serves as a rebuke of President Donald Trump's foreign policy and a demand that he present Congress with...


          Synthetic opioid fentanyl is creating a 'medical emergency' in the US   
Opioids now claim more lives in America than car crashes or guns at their respective peaks, with more than 52,000 people dying of an overdose in 2015. In this week's Sunday Spotlight, MSNBC's Jacob Soboroff visits the epicenter of the medical crisis.
          Philippines: Protest marks Duterte anniversary   
Hundreds of people staged a protest in Manila on Friday to mark the first anniversary of Rodrigo Duterte becoming President of the Philippines. They headed to his presidential palace, denouncing policies including his notorious war on drugs that has seen thousands of extra-judicial killings. Critics held placards with slogans such as "Stop killing the poor" and displayed a 'report card' giving a damning verdict on his presidency. Protest leader Renato Reyes of the Patriotic Alliance group said: "The human rights record is a very serious concern. It is a bloody mark on the report card of the president and the killings have to stop, martial law has to stop, the militarisation of communities in the countryside has to stop." A bloody drug war and an ISIS-linked city siege mark Duterte's first year in office https://t.co/sDRHzWcFqc- TIME (@TIME) 30 juin 2017 Duterte was a provincial city mayor whose brash man-of-the-people style, pledges to crush crime and firebrand rhetoric struck a chord with the Filipino people. His popularity saw him beat establishment rivals in last year's election and swear the oath of office. Since then he has joked about rape, compared his war on drugs to the Holocaust and told Barack Obama to 'go to hell'. Now facing his biggest crisis, as government troops battle Islamist rebels, Duterte scored an "excellent" personal trust rating in an opinion poll in May. with Reuters
          THIS JUST IN! THE REAL SHADY'S BACK!   
BULLY BOY PRESS &   CEDRIC'S BIG MIX -- THE KOOL AID TABLE

PROFESSIONAL CON ARTIST BARBARA LEE IS BACK.


Whoa. My amdt to sunset 2001 AUMF was adopted in DOD Approps markup! GOP & Dems agree: a floor debate & vote on endless war is long overdue.




''WOAH!' INDEED.


A DEBATE IS LONG OVERDUE -- IN PART BECAUSE BARBARA LEE REFUSED TO CALL OUT FORMER CELEBRITY IN CHIEF BARRY O FOR 8 YEARS.

NOW SHE THINKS SHE CAN SLINK-SLINKY BACK IN WITHOUT ANYONE NOTICING.

REACHED FOR COMMENT, LEE INSISTED SHE WAS TOO BUSY TO TALK, SHE WAS A TAG SALE ON CORRINE BROWN'S WIGS BEFORE CONNIE GOES TO THE BIG HOUSE.


FROM THE TCI WIRE:

The truth is the battle continues.

But the truth is tossed to the side by the immature.

That would include those who lap at the crotches of military men (they themselves haven't usually served ever).



MOSUL LIBERATED has fallen in Lions of Iraqi forces retake the city of Mosul from ISIS completely.







Those are the heroes?


I would think the people of Mosul who managed to survive three years of being occupied by the Islamic State would be the heroes.

You know, the people the Iraqi government abandoned for over two years?

The ones the Iraqi government made no effort to assist or help?




Reality: It's day 249 of The Mosul Slog.

It could end today.

It might not.

But as of right now, it continues.



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"Isakson, McCain, Moran Urge VA, DOD to Partner on ..."
"Iraq snapshot"
"DoD vs. CIA in Iraq?"
"The Goody Whore"
"The honest truth"
"Awful Susan Rice"
"corn nuts"
"Let it go already"
"Barack blames others again"
"2017 in film songs"
"Hillary Diane, go to your room!"
"Lourde and SOUTH PARK"
"Interesting new book"
"The censoring of Seymour Hersh"
"Realities about Barack"
"filipovic the idiot"
"Nonsense"
"The Originals - Eli"
"The Originals"
"Good for Tulsi"
"Do not forget this"
"ROUGH NIGHT"
"Look at the votes"
"duran duran"
"Only the lonely can play"
"Read Hersh"
"The Motels"
"Go away, Neera"

"How will Hillary celebrate?"
"THIS JUST IN! HILLARY WEEK IS COMING UP!"


IRAQ: With anti-Islamic State group forces on the offensive in both the Iraqi city of Mosul and the Syrian city of Raqqa, Iraq’s prime minister yesterday declared an end to the extremist group’s selfproclaimed caliphate. But even as Prime Minister...
          SUD KIVU : Prises par surprise, les forces loyalistes auraient abandonné leurs positions durant l’attaque à à Lulimba   
L’état-major des forces armées de la RDC de Lulimba, une localité située à l’extrême sud du territoire de Fizi (Sud-Kivu), a été attaqué ce jeudi 29 juin dans la matinée par des hommes armés que le commandement de l’opération Sokola II au Sud-Kivu identifie comme étant des miliciens Mai-Mai.


 D’après des sources locales cependant, l’attaque a été menée par des éléments armés se réclamant de la coalition nationale du peuple pour la souveraineté du Congo (CNPSC), une nouvelle plate-forme regroupant plusieurs groupes armés opérant dans l’Est de la RDC. 


Prises par surprise, les forces loyalistes auraient abandonné leurs positions durant l’attaque. Les assaillants ont alors saccagé le dépôt d’armement de cette base avant d’emporter des munitions, rapportent les mêmes sources, ajoutant que les localités de Misisi et kilembwe voisines à Lulimba seraient assiégées par ces éléments armés. Des sources militaires du sous-secteur opérationnel Sokola II au Sud-Kivu parlent plutôt d’une attaque des positions de l’armée à Lulimba par des Mai-Mai avec l’objectif de s’emparer du dépôt d’armes et des munitions. Les combats se poursuivaient jusqu’à la mi-journée entre les assaillants et les FARDC, renseignent ces sources sans donner plus de précision. Les habitants de Lulimba et de Misisi se terraient chez eux, indique pour sa part la société civile locale à Radio Okapi. Cette attaque survient un mois après une autre attaque du même genre perpétrée par la même coalition des groupes armés à Tanganyika. 






 Il y a environ un mois, les combattants du CNPSC s’étaient emparés des armes et munitions de l’armée à Force Bendera (une localité du Tanganyika) après une attaque éclair menée contre les positions des FARDC dans cette localité. Ils avaient été repoussés quelques heures après par un renfort de l’armée.

          Oferta de trabajo: Ingeniero - Stress Analysis - Barracas   
Barracas, Buenos Aires - CH2M, compañía multinacional de Ingeniería, Operaciones y Medio Ambiente desea incorporar a su staff Ingeniero Mecanico, Aeronautico o afin experto en analisis de flexibilidad de cañerias Ingeniero Mecanico, Aeronautico o afin experto en analisis de flexibilidad de cañeriasIngen...
          ISIS Threats Number in The Thousands, Effect All 50 States Says FBI   
terrorism

The number of active investigations into the threat of ISIS to the United States has topped 1,000 in recent weeks, according to the FBI.

The post ISIS Threats Number in The Thousands, Effect All 50 States Says FBI appeared first on The Constitution.


          La vida de más de 13 millones de sirios es amenazada diariamente   
Más de 13 millones de personas en Siria están atrapadas en una crisis que amenaza sus vidas diariamente, advirtió el coordinador de Asuntos Humanitarios de la ONU ante el Consejo de Seguridad.
          El ciberataque mundial del día 27 buscaba atacar organizaciones industriales, según Kaspersky Lab   

El ciberataque global que comenzó el pasado martes, día 27, y que protagonizó el 'ransomware' ExPetr --inicialmente identificado como Petya-- buscaba fundamentalmente atacar organizaciones industriales. Un análisis realizado por la empresa de ciberseguridad Kaspersky Lab ha demostrado que al menos la mitad de los objetivos de este 'malware' de cifrado eran empresas de sectores como electricidad, petróleo y gas, transporte o logística.


          El ciberataque mundial del día 27 buscaba atacar organizaciones industriales, según Kaspersky Lab   

El ciberataque global que comenzó el pasado martes, día 27, y que protagonizó el 'ransomware' ExPetr --inicialmente identificado como Petya-- buscaba fundamentalmente atacar organizaciones industriales. Un análisis realizado por la empresa de ciberseguridad Kaspersky Lab ha demostrado que al menos la mitad de los objetivos de este 'malware' de cifrado eran empresas de sectores como electricidad, petróleo y gas, transporte o logística.


          El ciberataque mundial del día 27 buscaba atacar organizaciones industriales, según Kaspersky Lab   

El ciberataque global que comenzó el pasado martes, día 27, y que protagonizó el 'ransomware' ExPetr --inicialmente identificado como Petya-- buscaba fundamentalmente atacar organizaciones industriales. Un análisis realizado por la empresa de ciberseguridad Kaspersky Lab ha demostrado que al menos la mitad de los objetivos de este 'malware' de cifrado eran empresas de sectores como electricidad, petróleo y gas, transporte o logística.


          Norwegian firms urged to invest in domestic offshore wind power   
Crisis-driven Norwegian oil suppliers that turn towards rapidly growing offshore wind power market abroad are urged to invest in domestic market, newspaper Aftenposten reported Wednesday. While the companies use the golden opportunity to build offshore wind power parks abroad, there is a lack of interest for the industry development in the home country, the report … Continue reading Norwegian firms urged to invest in domestic offshore wind power
          Algonquin-based District 300's first safety director caps nine years on job   
Retiring District 300 Safety Director Gary Chester remembers former Superintendent Kenneth Arndt asking him whether he would be one of those six-month wonders who stays for a short while until something better comes along.

Chester's background made him more than qualified. He spent 35 years as a police officer – 22 of them as a police chief and 15 of them as a public safety director, plus military experience and a certificate from the FBI national academy.

However, his family lived in Michigan, and while Chester reassured Arndt that his stay would last longer than half a year, in the back of his mind he thought he would take the next job offer he got closer to home.

Instead, despite several job offers, Chester spent the next nine years working for the district on weekdays and commuting to his Union City, Michigan, home on the weekends.

He never imagined he'd stay as long as he has, and now, as he moves on to retirement, he faces the challenge of leaving the friendships he's built and the community he's grown to love behind.

If his family was nearby, Chester said they would have to drag him out in his coffin.

"There are bookmarks in your life as you go on. Usually, it's marriage, it's your first kids, it's all your kids being born. It's graduation of the kids," Chester said. "This [job] is one of the big bookmarks of my life."

Looking back, Chester believes the most important part of his job was what staff affectionately dubbed the "Scary Gary Show" – training that covers what to do during weather emergencies, fires and violent situations.

How staff responds to an emergency situation is what ultimately determines the outcome, Chester said, and working on managing staff's psychological response to emergencies is important.

Knowing where to go and what to do in a crisis situation does not matter if a teacher or supervisor freezes up, he said.

"The general public and parents don't really understand how much responsibility we place on the shoulders of those teachers," Chester said. "It's hard enough to get through [a crisis situation] alone and now, we throw 20 to 30 kids at them and say protect them as well."

One piece to that training that Chester said many other schools and school districts fail to do is include substitute teachers.

There are anywhere from two to 20 substitutes in each school on any given day, which is why Chester made sure every substitute is required to watch a two-hour safety presentation before filling in for teachers.

"It's not just ensuring that our students have a safe environment," Superintendent Fred Heid said, "but that our staff does, too."

Heid said that the staff appreciated Chester's presence, and the training Chester gave was always well-received.

"It's easy to put policies into place," Heid said. "It's hard to get people on board with them."

Heid said he has seen safety directors at other districts have an intimidating presence and create an uneasiness when they enter a room. This is not the case with Chester, Heid said. Chester is just there to help.

Chester said he leaves District 300 feeling the appreciation of the community he served over the last nine years. A joint effort of several grateful staff members led June 14 to officially become Gary Chester Day.

Several staff members, local fire fighters, police officers and Algonquin village officials that Chester worked with over the years came together to celebrate his retirement and announce that his name is in several village calendars.

"Even though we promised not to make a huge fuss, we did anyways," Linda Keyes, Heid's executive assistant, said.

Keyes went to all nine municipalities that the district serves and asked them to put together a resolution for Gary Chester Day which was eventually passed with each one.

Chester started as safety director when it was a brand new position to the 22,000-student district. Todd Rohlwing will fill the position after spending the past two months being trained by Chester.

Rohlwing worked for the Illinois State Police and has a military background. To learn more about how school security works on the ground level, he took on the role of student security officer at Hampshire High School.

Chester believes he is leaving the district in good and capable hands, but still finds it to be a challenge to leave the position behind.

"What happened to all the years that [have] flown behind me? It's a transition," Chester said. "If I didn't love what I was doing, it would be a lot easier, but it's hard to walk away from something you love and the love I also get from the staff."


          DE LOS DÍAS IMPORTANTES.   
F.P. C. GALENO CB CAPUCHINOS: 46
BASKET CARTAGENA: 55


Desde el punto de vista de quien forma parte activa de este club de Baloncesto que es el Basket Cartagena, si tuviera que elegir un día dentro de la temporada de verdadera relevancia o importancia para el club, sin duda me quedo con el acto de presentación de los equipos federados y escuelas.
Ayer tuvo lugar este acto social, en el que se dieron cita en el Pabellón Central unas 5.000 personas según la organización y no más de 1.000 según la conserjería del pabellón. Aprovecho para agradecer el gran trabajo que es capaz de hacer una sola persona, el trabajador de la concejalía de deportes al que ayer le tocó lidiar con nosotros,  al mando de semejante instalación. Una vez más demostró su profesionalidad ya que estuvo dándonos un excelente apoyo en todo lo que se le solicitó. Gracias Carlos.

 
Acompañándonos en este acto en el que nuestro presidente, Pedro Collados, puso todo su esfuerzo y cariño para que cada detalle estuviese controlado, estuvieron el presidente y director deportivo de la E.B. Salesianos, presidente y secretario general de la FBRM, así como el Concejal de Deportes del Ayuntamiento de Cartagena José Cabezos el cual, en el apartado de oratorias del acto, respondió al órdago lanzado por el Presidente de la FBRM en el que le solicitaba más apoyo y colaboración económica con el baloncesto, con la ya tradicional y socorrida frase de "estamos en tiempos de crisis".

 
En lo que a mí respecta y como miembro de la Junta Directiva del Club, decir que nuestro club no tiene hasta el día de la fecha ningún pero en cuanto al apoyo que recibe de nuestro Ayuntamiento. Sabemos que el momento no es el mejor y aún así algo de dinero siempre nos cae, pero lo que más valoramos sin duda alguna es la inmejorable colaboración que recibimos de los trabajadores de la Concejalía de Deportes así como la cesión de sus instalaciones y servicios, y todo ello bajo la inestimable supervisión y apoyo de Eduardo Armada, amigo del Club Basket Cartagena donde los haya. Ellos son los verdaderos artífices de que la mayoría de los deportes de base puedan llevarse a cabo en nuestra ciudad y así debemos reconocerlo.
 
 
Dejó también dicho el concejal que se acerca el momento en el que el deporte de base dejará de percibir subvenciones. Entiendo que las instituciones, con los pocos recursos de que disponen, tengan otras urgencias a las que atender, pero lo que sí le pediría es algo más de colaboración o gestión ante las grandes empresas de nuestra ciudad para que se impliquen más y sean más generosos con los deportes de base, en esos que no son tan rentables económicamente hablando pero sí dejan unas rentas incomparables en cuanto a la formación de personas en los principios de la igualdad y solidaridad, amén del consabido "mens sana in corpore sano", frase a la que me he permitido como no recortarle el "Orandum est ut sit..." para adaptarla a mis pretensiones.
 
Hablaba al principio de esta entrada de la importancia de este día de la presentación para el club, y es que realmente es un gran orgullo poder reunir a todos sus componentes, jugadores, monitores de escuelas, cuerpo técnico, directivos, familiares y amigos anónimos del club que también los hay, en un mismo lugar, pisando pista que es lo que a todos nos gusta,  y disfrutando de una tarde de auténtica camaradería, todos bajo un mismo escudo y orgullosos de nuestros colores.
 
Durante el acto se rindió homenaje a José Moreno, el que ha sido vicepresidente del Club desde su creación en 2007, por la excelente labor que ha realizado durante todos estos años y sobre todo por su generosidad con el club, al que ha entregado tantas horas de trabajos y esfuerzos. Sirva esta cita para mostrar también mi agradecimiento a Pepe, no solo por lo expuesto sino también por la paciencia que tienes conmigo en la pista de padel, en la que tanto aprendo de tí todos los martes.

 
 
  
En cuanto al partido de nuestro junior, parece ser que el equipo se hizo grande en la mañana del día de su presentación y dio de sí cuanto su entrenador exigió y para lo que entrenan con dureza. Digo parece ser porque me lo perdí por motivos de agenda. Probablemente es el primer partido que me pierdo en muchos años y mira por donde resultó ser el mejor en lo que va de temporada. Pero afortunadamente la tecnología ha puesto a nuestro servicio el maléfico "wasap" y algún amigo sufridor me estuvo informando puntualmente del desarrollo del encuentro, amén de lo leído en la crónica de "mi visión del basket" con la que me hago una idea de las distintas fases que tuvo el partido, siempre bajo control cartagenero.
 
Este resultado no viene más que a confirmar lo que en todos los comentarios de entradas anteriores se coincide, y es que los equipos de esta liga están muy igualados, lo que le da un plus de emoción y competición a cada jornada, haciendo que las quinielas que tanto nos gustan varíen de un fin de semana a otro.
 
 Fotografía de Antonio Céspedes
 

          S i T u - Une expérience de musique en interaction avec le public   
Concert interactif - Co-composition dynamique Comment ça se passe ? J'ai une loop station et le public a des ardoises. Les ardoises circulent librement dans le public et chacun peut écrire ou dessiner dessus. A chaque minute qui passe, je choisis une ardoise qui me plaît et j'improvise quelque chose à partir de celle-ci. Pour ce faire, je dispose d'un violon, d'une mandole, de ma voix, de quelques percussions et d'une loop station. Grâce à cette loop station, au bout de quelques minutes, les pistes de son se superposent et le public et moi avons " composé " un morceau. Au bout de 3 ou 5 minutes,
          La rêverie, voyage poétique et musical au parc Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Dim 09 Juil 2017)   
C’est à un moment singulier de poésie et de contemplation que vous convie le musicien et compositeur Alain Kremski, accompagné de la comédienne Elisabeth Duda. Sous les platanes, avec vue sur l’Ile aux Peupliers, la fin d’après-midi glissera en deux temps, sous le signe de la rêverie, avec une alternance de textes choisis et de concert de bols rituels, bols bouddhiques sacrés, gongs et grands bols de cérémonies. Cette performance inédite, explorera par la voix d’Elisabeth Duda des textes d’auteurs familiers des lieux comme Nerval et Rousseau, pour emmener la rêverie vers d’autres rives et des auteurs plus lointains. Création
          3-SIMPLE Steps That Built The Greatest Fortunes In History   
Mark Joyner provides a free ebook copy of his new book - The Great Formula - on http://www.simpleology.com/courses/tgf/

In it Mark identifies a simple 3-step formula used to build some of the greatest fortunes in history.

Step 1. Create The Irrisistible Offer

Step 2. Present It To A Thirsty Crowd

Step 3. Sell Them a Second Glass

A very good, simple read with neat examples of the formula's application in many successful businesses.

What I like about the formula is that it adheres to the principle espoused in the title of this blog 'Its So Simple! ..1 ..2 ..3' and as discussed in the post - MAD 7. It Only Takes 'HALF-A-DOZEN' Things! - where I write:


'Yes, most often it takes only a few things... 1, 2, or 3 things... just a 'half-a-dozen' things to ensure success in most projects.'

Mark's formula is a creative twist on one I learnt from Jay Abraham to improve revenue in one's business back in the late '80's, which went something like this:

1. Increase the number of new customers in your business

2. Increase the price (and therfore value) of your product/s

3. Increase the frequency of sales to your existing customer base


My own twist on this theme that I use to show retailers 'How To Pull Your Target Consumer's Like BIG Fish... and have them say thank-you for doing it!' goes like this:

Step 1. Go to where the BIG Fish are

Step 2. Give 'em some tasty tidbits to create a Feeding FRENZY

Step 3. Present Your HOOK


Hmmm... am finding myself being more and more sensitive to, and driving my strategic business thinking to, thinking simply in 3's... as mentioned in this post: simplify, Simplify, SIMPLIFY ..1 ..2 ..3


Regards
Trevor Nel - 011 - 705-2790 - http://www.innercircleforum.com/
trevor@innercircleforum.com


          Russia says it found nothing suspicious at Syrian airbase   
The Russian commander in Syria sent the anti-ISIS coalition a letter saying Russians have found nothing to indicate the presence of chemical weapons at a Shayrat airfield

          Ventielfeest   
Ik verkeer de laatste maanden in mijn zestiende midlifecrisis. De laatste jaren zijn een aaneenschakeling van midlifecrisisen (ik was er vroeg bij), sommige groots en van buitenaf geforceerd, anderen stil, sluipend en moorden ontwrichtend.
De huidige behoort tot de laatste.

Waar anderen om zich heen gaan slaan sijpelt de ontwrichting bij mij als een lekkage druppelsgewijs naar binnen en legt me lam. Ik word passief.

In zo'n fase moet ik echt gaan zoeken naar inspiratie, proberen mijn passies aan te wakkeren. Toen ik nog in Griekenland woonde was het gemakkelijker om 'to the beat of my heart' te leven.
En ik wéét uit ervaring dat wanneer ik dat geluid volg de rest uiteindelijk op zijn plaats valt.
Ik heb een ventielfeest nodig.


Dat ik weet wat een ventielfeest is komt door een college dat ik vorige week gevolgd heb bij Herman Pleij over 'de noodzaak van de zot in de Middeleeuwen'. In mijn zoektocht naar hernieuwde inspiratie schreef ik me in voor een speciale collegereeks aan de UVA over 'Waanzin in de letteren'. Het is een collegereeks georganiseerd door Marita Mathijsen, kennelijk passend binnen een reeks die zij al jaren organiseert.
Ik was de jongste in de collegebanken (het gros was zeventig, tachtig en zelfs negentig plus).

Nu vind ik het niet erg om als jongste kandidaat een college te volgen. In tegendeel zelfs, het gegiebel om me heen van bejaarden over de seksgrapjes van Herman Pleij (zelf ook twee-en-zeventig) bracht naast een gevoel van gene ook mij plezier. Daarnaast geeft het me een geruststellende gevoel dat je ook wanneer je negentig bent nog steeds colleges kunt volgen (en giebelen over seks). Ik heb nog even...

Geweldig om Herman Pleij te horen vertellen. Hij dwaalde regelmatig af van zijn uitgangspunt, om er vervolgens nooit meer naar terug te keren, maar dat veroorzaakte juist een gezamelijke ontdekkingstocht.
Pleij vertelde over Erasmus (lof der Zotheid), Thomas More, Hendrik de achtste en het nut van ventielfeesten. Dat een mens een uitlaatklep nodig heeft, net als bepaalde drankvaten die men af en toe moet laten luchten omdat ze anders ontploffen. Dat men het nut van de ventielfeesten al in de vroege middeleeuwen erkende en organiseerde. Een soort van georganiseerde chaos en ontregeling, een dag waarop alles kon. Zodat men daarna weer gelouterd - en vooral in het gareel - verder kon gaan met het eigen monotone bestaan.
Mijn ventielfeesten zijn beperkt de laatste maanden. Ik ben niet op vakantie geweest en de vakantiedagen die ik opnam werden benut om mijn huis te renoveren. Toen ik jonger was ging ik nog wel eens stappen en 'uit mijn dak', maar het dak blijft nu al jaren netjes zitten.
Deze collegereeks is voor mij een ventielfeest in het klein.

Na het college liep ik door de regen in de Spuistraat en kwam ik een klein antiquariaatje tegen. Het leek een woonkamer, maar dan eentje met boekenstapels tot aan het plafond. Er brandde licht maar ik kon niet goed uitvogelen of het 1) een winkel was en 2) open.
Tóch maar even de deur uitgeprobeerd en het volgende moment stond ik in deze woonkamerwinkel zelf tussen de boeken. Het eerste boek dat ik op geluk uit de boekenkast trok ('Lust, dood en Duivel' van Mario Praz) bleek vertaald te zijn door Anton Haakman. Anton komt geregeld terug op mijn blog en is meermaals een onderwerp geweest van toevalligheid in mijn leven.
De huiskamerwinkel bleek ook een paar vierkante meter te hebben waar er ruimte was gemaakt tussen de boeken en twee grote stoelen stonden. Daarin zaten de eigenaar en een vriend van hem en ik raakte in een boeiend gesprek over literatuur, colleges, hysterische vrouwen en waarom het nuttig kan zijn om een Franstalige encyclopedie uit de 18de eeuw te kopen wanneer je geen Frans spreekt.

Ik verliet deze winkel met 'Lust, Dood en Duivel' en 'Melmoth de Dolende' van Charles Robert Maturin. Met deze exemplaren wordt mijn schap met boeken uit de Romatische tijd steeds groter. Ik heb een voorliefde voor de Gotische literatuur. Ik denk dat dit oevre dicht tegen mijn natuur ligt. Voelen boven denken. Nostalgie als een verheven goed. Liefde die tot waanzin drijft. Het bovennatuurlijke ervaren als hoopvol en de grillige schoonheid van de natuur bewonderen en vrezen.
Dat dit een aard is die het leven niet altijd eenvoudiger maakt kun je wel uit mijn inleiding herleiden.

In de avond terug op mijn bank las ik 'De eenhoorn' van Iris Murdoch uit. Mijn eerste kennismaking met deze schrijfster, maar wat heb ik genóten van deze roman!
Geschreven begin jaren zestig maar met een sfeer uit de negentiende eeuw, dus helemaal in de stijl van de Romantiek (jubel!). De eerste helft van het boek loopt traag. Men hangt een beetje om elkaar heen, je wordt rustig aan de hoofdpersonen voorgesteld. Maar dan neemt het boek een wending en wordt je meegesleurd in een kolk aan gebeurtenissen.
Het was voor het eerst in járen dat ik tijdens het lezen van een boek een kreet van walging gaf. Ik hoorde mezelf met een grimas 'Oh nee!' uitroepen. De beklemmende sfeer binnen deze roman blijft nog dagen nazinderen. Ook nu denk ik nog terug aan Marian, Hannah, Denis, Gerard en Effingham, met een licht gevoel van heimwee en geloof ik dat ook ík een klein beetje verliefd ben geworden op Denis.
Het boek is tevens een waarschuwing voor passiviteit en de geweldadigheid waarmee je jezelf kunt lamleggen. Dat geen actie soms de grootste verklaring van oorlog aan jezelf kan zijn.
Daarmee dus ook een goed boek voor mezelf op dit moment.

Ik probeer mijzelf dan ook weer in beweging te krijgen. Waarschijnlijk bestaat de grootste beweging vandaag uit een zoektocht in mijn eigen boekenkast naar mijn volgende leesvoer.
Maar gelukkig heb ik volgende week woensdag weer een klein ventielfeest wanneer ik mijn volgende college volg tussen de bejaarden. En héél misschien loop ik daarna weer naar 'De Boekenboom' in de hoop daar dezelfde mannen aan te treffen verstopt tussen de duizenden boeken en ons gesprek voort te zetten.


          Se vende - vendo casa 3 dormitorios 2 baños con amplio terreno   
Godoy Cruz M5501, Argentina
Vendo casa 3 dormitorios 2 baños, antisismica, en amplio terreno de 700 m2 aproximados. Todos los servicios conectados, frente a 3 calles. Seguridad. Parquizado. Servicio de transporte
vivavisos.com.ar

          ‘Tell Me How It Ends’: Insights into the Unaccompanied Children Crisis   
In March 2015, Valeria Luiselli began volunteering as an interpreter for unaccompanied children appearing before the New York City immigration court. A Mexican writer and novelist, Luiselli’s only previous experience with the U.S. immigration system involved her own green card application (then still pending). She was captivated by the news stories she heard about tens […]
          APUNTES EN EL DÍA DEL LIBRO    
Publicado en el semanario "Tiempo 21"

Hoy martes 23 se celebra el Día Internacional del Libro y el Derecho de Autor y acá en Ciudad Sur, ha habido una serie de actividades, ante todo lecturas públicas. Pero también se retrucó en el día de ayer el bombardeo de poemas, en este caso de Teillier, lo que sin ser nefasto –a estas alturas del vértigo, no es dable satanizar así sin más la asociación entre cultura y espectáculo– constituye una aspirina que no apunta al mal de fondo: La escasa o nula existencia de audiencias lectoras, “de interés por la sangre ajena” (Nietzsche), lo que sumado al retroceso lector, producto de la mutación del paradigma del conocimiento desde lo escrito a lo audiovisual, nos ha casi convertido en una sociedad de neo-analfabetos. ¿Y será necesario repetir lo inconveniente que es aquello?

Y un dato de la causa es que, además de los académicos y críticos profesionales, la mayor parte de quienes aún son capaces de acometer un libro (me refiero a textos literarios), son casi todos escritores o aspirantes a escritores. Ello en sí no es malo, pero nos empobrece como sociedad, y deja la sensación de que el tema literario es –como la numismática o el bridge– un asunto para especialistas. Además, tiende a confundir el arte –una operación que en el fondo apela a lo sublime– con el derecho universal a la libre expresión.

Hace unos días, un amigo me decía que todo escritor de poesía era un poeta y que el ejercicio literario es en sí mismo un acto de humanización. Estoy de acuerdo con lo segundo, mas no con lo primero: no cualquier texto es poesía y un sentimiento profundo no asegura un buen poema o texto literario. No seré yo quien fustigue a los escritores con escasas aptitudes, pues no tengo el cinismo de tantos creadores de la élite “que se creen santos, profetas o poderosos” (Teillier), o el aristocrático y torpe desdén de quienes ven en la literatura a una cofradía de espaldas a la realidad; pero esa idea algo gratuita del poeta como ser alado, gentil y luminoso y casi víctima de un mundo deshumanizado, hay que mutarla a pasos de gigante. Es una idea etérea (o romántica en el mejor de los casos) y hasta victimizante, pues nos sitúa a tiro de cañón, tanto de quienes desearían privatizar el universo y dejarnos afuera, como de aquellos que, en el mejor de los casos, nos ven como actores de un guión preestablecido.

La idea platónica de que lo bueno, lo bello y lo verdadero, son una y la misma cosa, ha mucho tiempo que no se sustenta en el arte. Y reiterarla –sobre todo en la poesía, que es un arte en crisis, que al decir de Zurita en entrevista reciente, ha caído en el facilismo, el divorcio con los lectores y la proliferación de folletines– parece un acto de negligencia, de ignorancia o de cinismo calculado, tan propio del lenguaje vacío de la mala acción política. No se trata de apelar al utilitarismo, pero la poesía (y la literatura) debe tener un sentido más allá de sí misma. Quizá en la educación, quizá en la intuición de una belleza que, de manera paradójica y por su misma intimidad, está más allá del espectáculo perenne y las pantallas.

          Graphic: Emerging markets enjoy vintage start to year   

By Marc Jones

LONDON (Reuters) - Emerging markets have had one of their best first halves to a year on record, with stocks up 17.5 percent and a 15 percent surge by Mexico's peso underscoring how worries about U.S. President Donald Trump's policies have been forgotten for now.

As this graphic - http://tmsnrt.rs/2hn5N02 - shows, Poland has been the star performer for stocks trackers, with a 34 percent rise in dollar terms thanks to strong growth numbers and a more than 12 percent rise in the zloty.

Central and eastern Europe has been a hotspot all round.

The Czech crown is up over 11 percent versus the dollar, Hungary's forint is up 8 percent despite an uber-dovish central bank and Romania's leu, in a country which has just had a political crisis, is up 7.7 percent. (See graphic, http://tmsnrt.rs/2hniYya)

Mexican, Indian, Chinese, and Turkish stocks have taken off, climbing somewhere between 20 and 30 percent.

The boom has come as investors have shrugged off the U.S. rate rises, oil and tech tumbles and looked to the positives.

The dollar has just had its worst quarter in almost seven years which means EM currencies are up. Global growth is gaining traction and borrowing costs via bond yields had been steadily sliding again until this week.

As well as flying equities, bonds in local emerging market currencies have returned almost 11 percent in dollar terms, while hard currency sovereign debt is up over 6 percent. (For the breakdown click here http://tmsnrt.rs/2ih2QQ9)

There are always laggards though.

Russian equities, heavily oil-reliant and a star of late 2016, have lost 15 percent and the rift between Qatar and its Middle East neighbours has seen its stocks clobbered 12 percent in a matter of weeks.

Though there has been a rebound this week, Brazil's real has been a poor performer. It is down over 1 percent due to fresh corruption scandals that have hit the country.

Another one to avoid has been the Philippine peso which is down 1.7 percent on fears that Islamic State, on the backfoot in Iraq and Syria, is trying to set up a stronghold in the Muslim south of the country.

Emerging markets in 2017 http://tmsnrt.rs/2ihRugV

EM stocks in 2017 http://tmsnrt.rs/2hn5N02

EM currencies in 2017 http://tmsnrt.rs/2hniYya

EM bonds in 2017 http://tmsnrt.rs/2ih2QQ9

(Reporting by Marc Jones)


          ANÁLISIS: ¿Cuánto cuesta la cuota de entrada para participar en F1?   

LOS PAGOS POR ENTRAR A LA F1
Analizamos uno de los datos más desconocidos en la Fórmula 1: ¿cuánto se paga solo por participar?



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          Vuelven a venir a Castilla y León más personas de las que se van   
Encontrar un dato demográfico positivo para la Comunidad en los últimos años se antoja prácticamente una misión imposible que ayer el Instituto Nacional de Estadística convirtió en realidad al desvelar que por primera en cinco años fueron más los ciudadanos residentes en el extranjero que pasaron a vivir en la Comunidad que los que dejaron la región para pasar a vivir en un país diferente a España. Es lo que se conoce como el saldo migratorio con el exterior y que en 2016 dejó un resultado positivo en Castilla y León de 611 personas, por encima de autonomías de como Castilla-La Mancha y Extremadura (ambas en negativo) y también de Ceuta, Melilla, La Rioja y Cantabria. Y es que mientras algo más de 9.400 personas -nacionales y extranjeros- decidieron por uno u otro motivo salir de la Comunidad para pasar a residir en otra nación, hubo algo más de 10.000 que realizaron el camino inverso y eligieron la Comunidad para continuar con su proyecto de vida. Este saldo positivo rompe una tendencia negativa que se remontaba al año 2011. A partir de ese ejercicio y con la crisis en su etapa más dura fueron muchos los inmigrantes que se vieron obligados a volver a sus países de origen ante la falta de una oportunidad laboral que fue lo que años antes les había hecho emprender su aventura vital en Castilla y León. Sin embargo, el saldo migratorio exterior no permite ni de lejos cambiar la tónica poblacional en la Comunidad porque el resto de factores sigue lastrando cualquier esperanza de recuperación demográfica en la región. Entre ellos, el salgo migratorio interno (la diferencia entre los que se van de Castilla y León para vivir en otra comunidad y los que vienen de otro punto del país a esta tierra). En este caso, y como viene sucediendo desde hace años los números rojos son muy acusados con un «debe» total de 7.569 ciudadanos más que se fueron que los que vinieron. En números absolutos sólo Andalucía presenta una cifra peor, mientras que porcentualmente Castilla y León comparte el podio de las peores junto a Extremadura y Castilla-La Mancha. Este dato unido al conocido hace unos días que dejaba una vez más un crecimiento vegetativo negativo -diferencia entre nacimientos y defunciones- de 11.698 ciudadanos hicieron que las cifras de población globales de Castilla y León se redujeron en más de 18.0000 habitantes durante el pasado ejercicio, unos datos en todo caso mejores que los arrojados por el padrón, que dibujaron una pérdida de 23.000 ciudadanos.
          Las Cortes piden a la Junta que acople las vacaciones escolares a la Semana Santa   
«Atendiendo a la demanda social existente», el propio Partido Popular intenta apagar el fuego desatado por la Junta de Castilla y León -cuyo gobierno sustenta- a cuenta del calendario escolar del próximo curso (2018-2019), en el que las vacaciones del final del segundo trimestre no coincidirán enteramente con la Semana Santa, sino que se extenderán desde el Miércoles Santo a la siguiente semana, por criterios técnicos para el equilibrio entre periodos lectivos, según el departamentos que dirige Fernando Rey. Una decisión que ha puesto sobre todo en pie de guerra a las cofradías de las localidades donde la Pasión tiene más arraigo. No quieren que la polémica se repita. Así, las Cortes aprobaron ayer sin votos en contra (con el apoyo del PP y Ciudadanos y la abstención de PSOE, Podemos, IU y UPL) instar a la Junta a que en la elaboración de los «próximos» calendarios escolares «se tenga en cuenta, desde el máximo consenso y diálogo» con la comunidad educativa, las familias, las instituciones locales y los agentes económicos, sobre todo del sector servicios, que este periodo vacacional «coincida con los días de celebración de Semana Santa». Una demanda con la que, según expuso el popular Ángel Ibáñez, se atiende a la «demanda social existente», así como la conciliación de la vida familiar y la creación de empleo vinculado a esta celebración, «teniendo en cuenta el potencial cultural, patrimonial y turístico que supone para nuestra Comunidad». De cara al próximo curso -el de la polémica y con el cuadrante lectivo ya aprobado- la propuesta que salió adelante durante el Debate sobre el Estado de la Comunidad sólo insta a la Junta a la aplicación de la normativa vigente «con la mayor flexibilidad posible». Ésta fue una de las 64 iniciativas presentadas por los grupos que salió adelante en la última jornada del Debate de Política General. En ella, de nuevo el carbón volvió a concitar también el apoyo de toda la Cámara, aunque no por igual en las diferentes iniciativas de los grupos presentadas. La que más éxito logró fue la del leonesista Luis Mariano Santos, en la que se pide a la Junta «ampliar» la inversión en el Plan de Dinamización Económica de los Municipios Mineros así como exigir al Gobierno que también aporte, así como «defender» que el mineral autóctono tenga su hueco en el mix energético y las centrales térmicas como una «garantía de empleo». También con apoyo de las seis fuerzas sentadas en la Cámara prosperó la iniciativa de Podemos para elaborar un plan de investigación que permita dar un uso «no energético» al carbón. Y también se aprobó, aunque con la abstención de Cs «urgir» al Gobierno central a establecer una «compensación por servicio público, mediante la que se establezca un procedimiento de entrada preferente en el mercado para las centrales térmicas que utilicen carbón nacional». Un procedimiento «ligado» a contratos «estables» de compraventa de mineral «a precios internacionales» entre compañías eléctricas y mineras. La propuesta también señala que la autorización de esa compensación «tendrá consideración de ayuda de Estado» y «deberá ser inmediatamente tramitada ante la Comisión Europea». Reforma electoral, no Menos suerte corrió una iniciativa más controvertida, como la reforma de la Ley Electoral. Tanto Ciudadanos como IU pedían su impulso en sendas propuestas de resolución, aunque con diferentes matices, pero el voto en contra del PP las tumbó. Las otras propuestas aprobadas Cláusulas suelo: Instar al Gobierno central y al Consejo General del Poder Judicial para que reconsideren el acuerdo sobre el número de juzgados sobre cláusulas suelo. Propuesta del PP. Ciberdelincuencia: Poner en marcha progra-mas de sensibilización y prevención, sobre todo para jóvenes, contra la ciberdelincuencia de género, para evitar los riesgos por el mal uso de las nuevas tecnologías. Financiación: Iniciar los contactos con otras comunidades con intereses comunes para alcanzar el máximo acuerdo que posibilite la revisión del sistema de financiación autonómica que se está abordando. Radioterapia: Reforzar y renovar las Unidades de Referencia de Radioterapia y crear unidades satélite que determine un plan. Mejorar el transporte y alojamiento de los pacientes. Seguros agrarios: Que la Junta lidere, junto con las entidades aseguradoras, el análisis, mejora y renovación del sistema de seguros agrarios para conseguir una mayor implantación. No a las ayudas directas.
          Luis Tudanca: «Ha hecho cada vez más pequeña a Castilla y León»   
Un panorama negro del que responsabilizó directamente al presidente de la Junta, Juan Vicente Herrera, y al PP, que «han ido haciendo cada vez más pequeña a Castilla y León», dibujó ayer el portavoz socialista, Luis Tudanca, quien aseguró que la Comunidad está «ahogada por la incapacidad y parálisis» del Gobierno regional. «Nuestra tierra se ha ido quedando más y más vacía. Y a usted no le importa nada. Usted se ha alejado más de la gente y se ha encerrado en su despacho», afeó. «Están demostrando ser incapaces de hacerse con el timón», aseguró el líder del PSOE, quien afirmó que la región adolece de una «enfermedad que ha sido provocada por las políticas del PP y que, lejos de mejorar, sigue empeorando porque ustedes no dejan de inocular sus nefastas políticas en nuestra querida Castilla y León». Frente a esto, Tudanca defendió lo que calificó como una «alternativa decente» encarnada por su partido. Por su parte, l portavoz de Podemos, Pablo Fernández, cargó sobre todo contra la política económica y gestión del Gobierno de Juan Vicente Herrera y el PP. «Son ustedes en gestión de lo público, lo que las plagas, al campo», aseguró. «Todavía presidente Herrera y presidente en bicefalia Mañueco», una de las expresiones más repetidas, además de criticar al «bastón» de Cs. «El proyecto del partido conservador es que nada cambie», reprochó el portavoz de Ciudadanos, Luis Fuentes, quien, para marcar distancias, denominó así al PP, al que acusó de «inacción» que, a su juicio, se extiende en todos los ámbitos. Además, Fuentes defendió la «política útil» ejercida con «responsabilidad» por su partido frente a la «oposición inútil e ineficaz» de otros grupos que se «esconden detrás de los gritos y las protestas inocuas».
          Syrian Arab Army on brink of total victory in central Syria   
Syrian offensive in key As-Safira district encircles ISIS fighters, securing communications from western Syria to Aleppo and Rusafa, and bringing large areas of central Syria under Syrian government control. Unreported by the Western media, the situation in the Syrian war continues to shift decisively in the Syrian government's favor, and continues moreover to do so at a blistering rate. Following the Syrian army's recent capture of the strategically important town of Rusafa in northern Syria, the Syrian army has launched a major offensive further south against ISIS fighters occupying the key As-Safira district in Aleppo province around the town of Khanasir. ISIS fighters occupying this district - the last area of Aleppo province still held by ISIS - have been resisting fiercely, but Al-Masdar reports that they are now totally encircled by the Syrian army.
          UK man jailed for assaulting Muslim teen with bacon   
A man has been jailed for six months after slapping a Muslim teenager across the face with an open packet of bacon. Alex Chivers, 36, can be seen covering himself with the bacon before he runs up to the girl, who was walking along a road in Enfield, north London, with her mother, and striking her across the face with the pork product, which is considered haram by the Islamic faith. In the attack, Chivers also called the women "ISIL scum," in reference to the Islamic State terrorist group (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL), and told them they "deserve" it. The Metropolitan Police said although the teenager was not injured, she was upset by the incident. "The victim was out with her mother and getting on with her day when Chivers abused her and then set upon her with something he knew would both upset and offend her.
          EVERGLADES: Heavy rains could drown wildlife   
A slow-moving crisis is spreading across South Florida.
          (USA-OH-Cincinnati) RN Case Manager - Home Health and Hospice   
Heartland Home Health Care and Hospice is part of the HCR ManorCare family, a leading provider of home health care, hospice care, skilled nursing, memory care and post-acute care. As a RN Case Manager, your ability to manage client care with specific knowledge and experience in bedside care, symptom management, crisis intervention and family intervention are feature assets for this high-profile nursing position. In addition to excellent written/verbal communication, problem solving and decision making abilities, our candidate has a demonstrated experience developing and maintaining rapport with patients and families, and the ability to work well with an interdisciplinary team. In return for your expertise, you ll enjoy excellent training, industry-leading benefits and unlimited opportunities to learn and grow. Be a part of the team leading the nation in healthcare. 4707 - Heartland Hospice - Serving Southwest Ohio A minimum of 6 months nursing experience within the past 3 years unless state regulations differ.. Travel is necessary on a daily basis. Job Specific Details: Second Shift 2 pm - 10 pm.
          (USA-OH-Cincinnati) RN Case Manager - Home Health and Hospice   
Heartland Home Health Care and Hospice is part of the HCR ManorCare family, a leading provider of home health care, hospice care, skilled nursing, memory care and post-acute care. As a RN Case Manager, your ability to manage client care with specific knowledge and experience in bedside care, symptom management, crisis intervention and family intervention are feature assets for this high-profile nursing position. In addition to excellent written/verbal communication, problem solving and decision making abilities, our candidate has a demonstrated experience developing and maintaining rapport with patients and families, and the ability to work well with an interdisciplinary team. In return for your expertise, you ll enjoy excellent training, industry-leading benefits and unlimited opportunities to learn and grow. Be a part of the team leading the nation in healthcare. 4707 - Heartland Hospice - Serving Southwest Ohio A minimum of 6 months nursing experience within the past 3 years unless state regulations differ.. Travel is necessary on a daily basis.
          Chiropractors encouraged as Senate recognizes need for resources to fight opioid crisis   

The American Chiropractic Association (ACA) is encouraged by the reports that the U.S. Senate is slated to add $45 billion to its healthcare reform bill, emphasizing the need for healthcare reform efforts that further address the nation’s opioid epidemic. “Both the House and Senate bills designed to restructure the healthcare delivery system have been mostly silent on the opioid issue,” said ACA President David Herd, DC.

The post Chiropractors encouraged as Senate recognizes need for resources to fight opioid crisis appeared first on Chiropractic Economics.


          (USA-FL-Tampa) MSW/Home Health   
*PRN * Tampa, FL* * Job#: prnSWHHtamFL381972 * * A career with Brookdale Healthcare Services has never been so rewarding! Brookdale Home Health is ranked among the Top Ten largest home heath companies in the country. Many of our agencies carry a five-star rating and are recognized by Decision Health as Home Care Elite agencies. We own and operate more than 80+ agencies nationwide, serving approximately 17,000 patients throughout our Brookdale Home Health Division. * /Brookdale./*/Bringing new life to senior living. / Brookdale Healthcare Services is looking for a Home Health Social Worker to provide services in the Tampa area. Join a dynamic team of health care providers focused on health, wellness and prevention for all our patients. * /Your responsibilities:/* * Assesses the psychosocial status of patients and families/caregivers related to the patient"s terminal illness and environment. Communicates findings to the registered nurse and other members of the interdisciplinary group. Provides an assessment in the patient"s identified residence and assists when it is not safe and another plan is required. *Carries out social evaluations, including family dynamics, caregiver abilities, communication patterns, high-risks for suicide, neglect or abuse and plans intervention based on evaluation findings. *Counsels patient and family/caregivers as needed regarding stress and other identified coping difficulties. Provides crisis intervention when necessary. *Assesses for, and educates interdisciplinary group, on any special needs related to the culture of the patient and family. Includes communication, role of family, space, and any special traditions or taboos. *Maintains clinical records on all patients referred to social work. *Provides information and referral services for organization patients and families/caregivers regarding practical and environmental needs. *Serves as liaison between patients and families/caregivers and community agencies. Ensures seamless home care services by providing direct oversight and coordination of care with other clinical service providers. *Maintains collaborative relationships with organization personnel to support patient care. *Maintains comprehensive working knowledge of community resources and assists referral sources in accessing community resources should services not be provided by Brookdale Healthcare Services Hospice. *Directs all daily patient social service operations including providing direct oversight of the establishment and implementation of social service policies. *Ensures compliance with all state, federal, and CHAP social service regulatory requirements. *Participates in the development of the individualized plan of care, involving the patient and family, and attends regularly scheduled interdisciplinary group meetings, assisting the team in recognizing the effects of the psychosocial stresses on the symptoms of the terminal illness. *Actively participates in quality assessment performance improvement teams and activities. *Required skills and qualifications:* * Masters Social Worker degree from a school of social work accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) * At least two years of experience in a health care setting required. If you"re a Brookdale associate, please consider referring someone through the Good People Program! Brookdale is an EOE-(Equal Opportunity Employer) and drug-free workplace. Brookdale offers a number of benefits to full-time associates including, but not limited to: medical, dental, vision, disability, life, paid time off, educational reimbursement. All associates, age 21 and older, are eligible to participate in the 401(k) retirement savings plan.
          Warning GP services in a full-scale crisis as eighth surgery set to close   
GP services in Brighton and Hove and around the country are in a “full-blown crisis” a pressure group has warned.
          Интимное фото дочери легендарного российского теннисиста слили в интернет   

Фото 18-летней российской модели Алеси Кафельниковой с ее новым бойфрендом – 20-летним рэпером Глебом Голубиным, более известным под псевдонимом Фараон, попало в интернет, передают Новости в Мире По предварительным данным интимный снимок дочери самого титулованного теннисиста РФ Евгения Кафельникова слили недоброжелатели. В кадре дочь спортсмена почти обнаженная в постели, восседает верхом на музыканте. Отметим, что […]

Запись Интимное фото дочери легендарного российского теннисиста слили в интернет впервые появилась Новости в Мире.


          (USA-WI-Depere) Registered Nurse Case Manager - Home Health   
Are you looking for a nursing role that allows you to care for patients in the setting they love...home, while working mainly M-F daily (very limited after hours on call to include 1 weeknight/week and every 5th or 6th weekend) If so, read on! Heartland Home Health Care and Hospice is searching for a full-time RN Case Manager to support their home care patients in the Green Bay and surrounding areas. We are searching for compassionate caring nurses that are interested providing care in the home. As a RN Case Manager, your ability to manage client care with specific knowledge and experience in bedside care, symptom management, crisis intervention and family intervention are feature assets for this high-profile nursing position. In addition to excellent written/verbal communication, problem solving and decision making abilities, our candidate has a demonstrated experience developing and maintaining rapport with patients and families, and the ability to work well with an interdisciplinary team. In return for your expertise, you ll enjoy excellent training, industry-leading benefits and unlimited opportunities to learn and grow. Be a part of the team leading the nation in health care. Interested candidates please apply online. EEO/Drug Free Employer 4469 - Heartland Home Health Care - Serving Northeastern Wisconsin A minimum of 6 months nursing experience within the past 3 years unless state regulations differ.. Travel is necessary on a daily basis.
          Detenido en Málaga un joven sospechoso de haber combatido con el ISIS   
La Guardia Civil cree que el arrestado, de 29 años, combatió durante dos años en Siria
          la computadora del año 1964   

La tercera generación de computadoras emergió con el desarrollo de circuitos integrados (pastillas de silicio) en las que se colocan miles de componentes electrónicos en una integración en miniatura. Las computadoras nuevamente se hicieron más pequeñas, más rápidas, desprendían menos calor y eran energéticamente más eficientes. El ordenador IBM-360 dominó las ventas de la tercera generación de ordenadores desde su presentación en 1965. El PDP-8 de la Digital Equipment Corporation fue el primer miniordenador.Características de está generación:Se desarrollaron circuitos integrados para procesar información.Se desarrollaron los "chips" para almacenar y procesar la información. Un "chip" es una pieza de silicio que contiene los componentes electrónicos en miniatura llamados semiconductores.Los circuitos integrados recuerdan los datos, ya que almacenan la información como cargas eléctricas.Surge la multiprogramación.Las computadoras pueden llevar a cabo ambas tareas de procesamiento o análisis matemáticos.Emerge la industria del "software".Se desarrollan las minicomputadoras IBM 360 y DEC PDP-1.Otra vez las computadoras se tornan más pequeñas, más ligeras y más eficientes.Consumían menos electricidad, por lo tanto, generaban menos calor

          El PP destaca el "tirón" de Málaga en la creación de autoempleo con 30 nuevos autónomos al día   

La diputada nacional por el PP de Málaga Carolina España ha destacado este viernes "el empuje de Málaga en la creación de autoempleo, con el registro de 30 nuevos autónomos cada día y más de 112.000 trabajadores por cuenta propia inscritos actualmente en este régimen, lo que supone un máximo histórico, que supera incluso las cifras previas a la crisis".


          El PP destaca el "tirón" de Málaga en la creación de autoempleo con 30 nuevos autónomos al día   

La diputada nacional por el PP de Málaga Carolina España ha destacado este viernes "el empuje de Málaga en la creación de autoempleo, con el registro de 30 nuevos autónomos cada día y más de 112.000 trabajadores por cuenta propia inscritos actualmente en este régimen, lo que supone un máximo histórico, que supera incluso las cifras previas a la crisis".


          Reply To: Multisite   

Hi again,
I have been searching the web for a solution:
My idea is to delete the default links, and get the link to peoples primary blog. When they fill out the bbpress form-reply.php, I want to get their user ID. From that user ID I can get the link to their primary blog.
Right now I got this:

//In my functions.php(the 2 is an example of a user id):
$GLOBALS[‘mytheme_thisismyvar’] =2;

//In my Loop-single-reply.php:´
<?php
$yeps=$GLOBALS[‘mytheme_thisismyvar’];
?>

<?php
$user_info = get_userdata($yeps);
$blog_details = get_blog_details($user_info->primary_blog);
echo ‘siteurl.’>’.$blog_details->siteurl.’‘;
?>

I want to get the user id from the bbpress form-reply.php to be $yeps? I thought about using get_the_author_meta?
Thank you


          The real pensions crisis   
Paul Sweeting FRSA argues that just because Tata Steel is no longer on the front pages, this should not detract from the fact that there is still a pensions crisis in the UK
          Op-Ed. Not just a bounce: The cyclical case for emerging markets equities   
Twenty years ago, the sovereignty of Hong Kong was reversed to China. Two days later, the devaluation of the Thai baht marked the start of the Asian crisis.
          Cameroun:Par rapport à la campagne de 11 millions d'inscrits, le prof Pierre Mila Assouté nous édifie. Lisez !   
Mes chers compatriotes,
A l'aune de 2018 je vois une guerre des tranchées s'ouvrir sur une opération citoyenne qui vise à faire
inscrire 11 millions d' electeurs pour preparer l' alternance au régime BIYA en 2018.
Cette initiative qui n'a rien de rédhibitoire a priori , menée par le jeune compatriote Mr. Cabral Libii Lii Ngue, que je connais bien et qui a travaillé à mes côtés, dans le courant des modernistes et en tant que militant du RDMC, peut-etre s en est-il affranchi, est très louable et à encourager pour ses objectifs avoués, dans un contexte d un corpus juridique électoral classique.
Sa candidature (eventuelle?) qui suscite chez certains des échanges parfois hystériques ou discourtois, ne me semble pas rédhibitoire non plus.
Je ne voudrais donc pas analyser ici et maintenant , ni la pertinence de son ambition putative ou effective, ni les moyens de son déploiement et de ses actions présumées dans les régions. je leur ai toujours dit au cours de nos reunions que j etais devenu député à 24 ans et qu ils le pouvaient. Je leur disais aussi que l ambition n est pas un gros mot meme s il est devenu criminalisant chez nous...je me rejouis donc que ce que jai pu essaimer prenne de la graine dans la jeunesse parmi mes disciples politiques d alors et d aujourdhui...
Mais alors, pour l'opposition et ceux qui lévitent sur l alternamce électorale avec Elecam, en 2018, je vais analyser avec vous pourquoi l 'objectif d inscrire 11 millions voire même 13 millions d electeurs, pour évincer Mr. BIYA, en 2018 éventuelllement, par les suffrages de nos concitoyens est un piège a con qui vise des desseins subtils du fonctionnement des structures que je connais par coeur au RDPC et dans l appareil étatique .
Je connais le systeme politique et électoral du Cameroun dans ses formes les plus perfides même si je n en revendiquerais aucun monopole.
Si l' objectif vise de participer aux elections intermediaires en 2018, je peux me réserver de commentaires à ce stade...
Je vous dis peremptoire qu il s agit de légitimer la fraude scientifique et sophistiquée avec les structures qui gouvernent l' election et le code électoral actuel si cet objectif est virtuellement ou effectivement atteint sans les réformes démocratiques des lois et du processus électoral.
Je sais qu il s agit d un vademecum pour anestesier les revendications des réformes qui signeraient l' alternative.
1. Elecam n enregistrera jamais 11 millions d electeurs. mais on aura fait croire...
2- Lire plus bas la su...
A supposer qu' Elecam enregistre 11 millions d' elecreurs, j' aimerais vous dire , que l' alternance, si c' est elle l' objectif , resterait une chimere en 2018...
Simplement parce que les inscriptions ne déterminent pas du résultat électoral dans un contexte d' un corpus juridique electoral vicié.
Les Sous prefets renseignent où il faut faciliter les incriptions et ou les resserer, cela s' appelle processus par exclusion zonale, exclusion preventive.
les Sous prefets choisissent où mettre les bureaux de vote le timing et leur nombre... ils choisissent a la loupe les presidents des bureaux de vote et leurs membres... les scrutateurs de l' opposition sont souvent les gars du village , sans un centime, invités au repas de midi par les chefs de villages ou on leur offre de la biere et meme de l' argent pour changer les PV a mi chemin...
Il y a les commissions departementales et centrales de recensement general des votes qui ont le pouvoir de corrections des "erreurs" materielles des calculs des suffrages...
La Cour supreme lit le resultat sans capacité de modifier quoi que ce soit et le lit tel que le lui presente la commission centrale de supervision ou les representants de l' opposition sont minoritaires et n ont aucune obligation de signer le PV du resultat final transmis pour lecture a la Cour supreme...
Retenez ce que disait Stalline des élections dans notre contexte:
<< Ceux qui votent ne decident de rien. Ceux qui decident de tout sont ceux qui comptent les votes et proclament le resultat>>.
Alors mes chers compatriotes,
Soyons 11 millions inscrits en aout 2018 mais ecoutez moi bien si la lutte n' est pas celle des reformes vous ne deciderez de rien dans les urnes. Mon jeune Cabral vous aura fait faire votre devoir civique et c' est tout.
A bon entendeur...
(c) Prof. Pierre Mila Assouté
President National du RDMC


          Op-Ed: How I turned a financial crisis into a life of adventure   
The financial crisis provided an opportunity to start fresh abroad, Donald Murray writes in International Living.
          Iraq: New Abuse, Execution Reports of Men Fleeing Mosul   

A member of Iraqi security forces stands on the turret of an armoured vehicle along a highway near west of Mosul, Iraq, June 22, 2017. 

© 2017 Reuters
 
(Beirut) – Allegations are emerging of Iraqi forces beating and unlawfully killing men and boys fleeing Mosul in the final phase of the battle against the Islamic State (also known as ISIS), Human Rights Watch said today.

Four witnesses told Human Rights Watch that they saw Iraqi forces beat unarmed men and boys fleeing the fighting within the last seven days, and said they also obtained information about Iraqi forces executing unarmed men during this time period.

“As Iraqi forces are poised to retake the entire city of Mosul, allegations of unlawful killings and beatings significantly raise concerns for the civilians there who have been living under ISIS control,” said Lama Fakih, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “Iraqi forces are promising liberation, but they need to find out what’s happening now and stop any abuse.”

One witness said that three Emergency Response Division and Iraqi Security Force (ISF) members on a key route for civilians fleeing the city boasted to him that they were executing captured unarmed men who were thought to be ISIS-affiliated instead of detaining them. The Emergency Response Division and ISF fighters, stationed three kilometers from the heaviest fighting in the Old City, said they made an exception for elderly men, the witness said.

Two other witnesses said they saw Iraqi uniformed soldiers pick at least six men and boys out of crowds of fleeing civilians at a checkpoint, beat them, and drive them away. They said they saw soldiers pick out another man, beat him, and then move him into a building they were using as a base. One of the witnesses said that soldiers later said they had killed him.

“I have heard of countless abuses and executions in this battle,” one witness said. “But what’s changed is that in this final phase fighters are no longer hiding what they are doing and are comfortable allowing us to witness the abuses first-hand.”

The same witness said that earlier this week, he heard three screams coming from a building being used by the elite Counter Terrorism Service (CTS), after which fighters from the unit ushered him away. That afternoon in another neighborhood of west Mosul, the witness saw two CTS fighters take down the corpse of an alleged ISIS fighter that had been strung up to an electrical pole, and stone the body before taking a few photos of each other posing with it.

That night, he said, a CTS fighter also showed him a video of a severely beaten man who the fighter said was an ISIS prisoner. In the video the CTS fighter shoots and kills the unarmed detainee, he said.

In the days before, the man said he saw five Iraqi soldiers at a checkpoint pick out at least 10 men over a period of an hour, beat them, and drag them toward a building the soldiers were using as a base. He said that one of the men the soldiers were beating was wounded and that he had arrived with his family from a front-line field hospital. The witness said that as he was leaving the area he saw the soldiers single out more and more men, beat them and take them away, but lost count of how many.

An article published in a Swedish outlet on June 28, 2017, by a Swedish journalist who was on the front-line says that a Federal Police officer boasted about decapitating at least 50 men with knives and beating others, with fellow officers watching, cheering, and sometimes filming. The article said the Federal Police backed up these claims with photos and videos.

Throughout the operation to retake Mosul, Human Rights Watch has documented Iraqi forces detaining and holding thousands of men and boys in inhumane conditions without charge, and in some cases torturing and executing them, under the guise of a screening them for ISIS-affiliation. In May 2016, Iraqi forces retook the city of Fallujah from ISIS, but in the operation committed horrific abuses, including executions, torture, and the disappearance of over 600 men whose bodies have yet to be found.

Human Rights Watch has raised concerns regarding allegations of ill-treatment, torture, and executions numerous times in meetings with Iraqi officials in Baghdad as well as with representatives from US-led coalition member countries. Human Rights Watch does not know of a single transparent investigation into abuses by Iraqi armed forces, any instances of commanders being held accountable for abuse, or any victims of abuse receiving compensation.

Iraqi criminal justice authorities should investigate all alleged crimes, including unlawful killings and mutilation of corpses, committed by any party in the conflict in a prompt, transparent, and effective manner, up to the highest levels of responsibility. Those found criminally responsible should be appropriately prosecuted. Extrajudicial executions and torture during an armed conflict are war crimes. Despoiling dead bodies and other outrages on personal dignity are violations of the laws of armed conflict and may amount to war crimes.

“Reports of unlawful executions and beatings by Iraqi soldiers should be enough to raise concern among the highest ranks in Baghdad and among members of the international coalition combatting ISIS,” Fakih said. “Iraqi officials should translate that concern into accountability for war crimes.”


          Janet Yellen Says A New Financial Crisis Probably Won’t Happen ‘In Our Lifetimes’ But The BIS Says One Could Soon Hit ‘With A Vengeance’   
– Janet Yellen Says A New Financial Crisis Probably Won’t Happen ‘In Our Lifetimes’ But The BIS Says One Could Soon Hit ‘With A Vengeance’: Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen is quite convinced that the United States will not experience another financial crisis for a very long time to come.  In fact, she is publicly ... Read more
          #Germany: Syrian Mohammad H. was regarded as a model of integration. Now he stabbed his boss in the throat. – #MigrantCrisis   
🆘‼️😯🗡 #MerkelLand: Syrian Mohammad H. was regarded as a model of integration. Now he stabbed his boss in the throat. https://t.co/GkmmFng5DP — Onlinemagazin (@OnlineMagazin) June 29, 2017 * * * PayPal: Donate in USD PayPal: Donate in EUR PayPal: Donate in GBP
          Sweden Gives Returning ISIS Fighters New Identities to Help Them “Start Over”   
– Sweden Gives Returning ISIS Fighters New Identities to Help Them “Start Over”: Having posed with dead bodies and the like in Syria and Iraq life is just so darn hard for them now Hundreds of Swedish residents who went to fight for the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria have now returned to Europe ... Read more
          Man Jailed After Attacking Muslim Teen With Bacon And Shouting ‘ISIL Scum’   
A London man was jailed after he attacked two Muslim teens with an open packet of bacon. Alex Chivers, 36, has been sentenced to 26 weeks in jail after attacking 17-year-old Ikram Ali — who was with her mother and sister — while shouting “You deserve this” and “ISIL scum,” apparently referencing the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL. Former President Barack Obama called the terrorist group ISIL during his presidency. 
          Inside Mae Beavers: A Parody Arises   
Your PeskyFly was considering a soft-core parody of Tennessee's puritanical, porn-busting gubernatorial candidate Sen. Mae Beavers. The premise: Me and May would destroy millions of innocent young lives with passionate acts of slippery abandon. Awesome so far, right? Catch was, I couldn't come up with the right title. Should it be Around the World with Mae Beavers? 69 Things I Know About Mae Beavers? Strangers in a Strange Beaver? Butt Slammers Vol. 4? So many choices, none of them quite right.

Like they say, when you snooze you lose. While I was dithering, some industrious person was busy crafting a Mae Beavers parody that's so much better than anything I might have come up with because, presumably, this call's coming from inside "the House."

The entire text, typos and all, as originally shared by the Nashville Scene.

How to be The Ultraconservative Candidate
Nothing is more important when running for office in Tennessee than getting the conservative vote – and it is the ultraconservative who will probably win the election. So how can you appear to be the ultraconservative candidate?

Preeminence: Make yourself the preeminent conservative in the state. Remember, it is a competition, and by passive aggressively one-upping all other politicians, you can appear to be really nice but in reality, you are crushing the reputations and political futures of potential opponents. Which is good to do because self-centered, attention-grabbing is a useful skill to ensure your future political success.

Secure your superiority through negative contrasting; unnecessarily make comparisons that negatively contrast other elected officials with you. This will present you in the most positive light. Should an official try to claim that they are conservative, what they are really doing is claiming to be more conservative than you. Put an end to this by calling them a RINO, and inferring that they secretly support an income tax.

The key to being the preeminent conservative is control. Control is the glue that holds conservatives who lack critical thinking skills together. It is also a passive aggressive technique you can use against other Republicans; it is really the best way to ensure that you receive the constant attention and admiration from the public that you deserve.

Remember, being in office for 25 years doesn’t mean you are an establishment politician as long as you always call other conservatives who have been in office for a shorter amount of time than you establishment politicians. This helps you assert your dominance in the lives of everyone around you, and dominance helps to improve your life. If anyone doubts you, simply recite your impossible dogmatic standards or your rabid deep-seated feelings of victimization.

Public Speeches: Supplying detail in your public speeches is bad, and may cause you to have to answer actual questions; so speak in vague generalities and platitudes at all times. People will read between the lines and respond with total adoration and obedience. If political insecurities necessitate wild claims about ISIS infiltration or constituents – sweep the room for mics first.

Be sure to call all other Republicans RINOs, that way these officials will learn that they have done something wrong, and because you should be speaking in vague generalities, people will just assume you are the only real conservative without any way to actually measure. They will also believe that all other legislators are simply RINOs at the core of their being.

Further, each time you make negative accusations about the legislature, it is encouragement for them to be more conservative.

Statesmanship: Emphasizing your own statesmanship through snarky comments has the added benefit of shaming other legislators – communicating your own statesmanship through misdirected shame is a direct way to communicate that you are preeminent, and don’t forget – they deserve it.

Legislation: Be legislatively savvy. File bills that appear so conservative that they are actually unconstitutional. Then issue a press release that takes advantage of the blind support of people who don’t know the difference. Insist on running these bills in committee; when the Attorney General opines that the bill is constitutionally suspect this is your big chance to issue a second press release that labels the AG and your Republican colleagues as RINOs – which makes you appear to be the only real conservative in the legislature.

Paint your record as something completely different than what it is. Your oath to uphold the Constitution should never get in the way of your own narcissistic desire for preeminence. Only a true freedom fighter would file an unconstitutional bill, and your refusal to fix your bill by making it constitutional can easily be justified by a plain folks’ appeal that encompasses name calling and proper over simplification of the actual legal issues.

Never let anyone else’s conservative efforts be good enough for you. Remember, if another legislator asks for your support for their ultraconservative idea, they’re not trying to be friendly, they are trying to overthrow your tyrannical reign of control and dominance. You can’t let that happen. You’ll want to play the trump card of filing a nearly identical bill, except, make it a little more outrageous. Then issue a press release containing a directly indirect passive aggressive message that the first legislator has stolen your work. This clearly puts you back in the driver’s seat.

This technique works for dead ultraconservative bills too. If another legislator’s ultraconservative measure died because it came smack dab up against legal realities, you can steal that bill next year and announce to the world that because that legislator was such a RINO and pathetically decided not to get the job done, you will justly assume your natural position of conservative preeminence. When you come up against the same issues as the prior legislator, you can thoroughly enjoy the renewed sense of purpose that floods into your life while you sit on top of your moral high ground calling the committee members who can’t vote for your unconstitutional bill RINO's.

Budget: Take advantage of the fact that the state budget is so large that no one can possibly know off hand all that it contains. This fact alone creates a lot of suspicion and skepticism among ultraconservatives. In this way, year after year, you can receive statewide attention for being the lone conservative vote against the budget. When media ask why you voted no, supply a simplistic platitude, “There is too much pork in that budget”, an explanation so simple that even a democrat can understand. Pork works because people identify pork with fat, and fat makes people think of indulgence and waste.

Supreme Court: Ignoring Supreme Court cases that have already been decided is another good way to lock down your support from a statewide ultraconservative base while at the same time unmistakably signal your disrespect for the judiciary.

Security: You are entitled to your feelings of needing special treatment, and requiring security makes you appear important enough to protect. But what if no one has actually threatened your life? No problem – your paranoia can assist you in just making something up. Also, by pleading, a wealthy conservative businessman is likely to pay for you to have the constant presence of security whenever you are out in public – this has the added benefit of making you look really important and worthy of protection.

Look the Part: Drive a conservative vehicle. It may be tempting to develop a Lexus nexus with other candidates but that’s really sketchy and y’all in Tennessee … a pickup truck is your best bet.

The Constitution: If you’ve gotten this far, understanding constitutional facts isn’t necessary for you so don’t spend any time on this subject. You’ll want to spend most of your time creating new unconstitutional bills that appear ultraconservative but in reality, will rigidly control people’s lives or help them to realize that they are going to spend eternity in hell.
Since being an ultraconservative is a political philosophy that doesn’t have an actual platform or rule book, you don’t need to know what constitutes an ultraconservative and neither does anybody else. This also means that you have zero knowledge of what may or may not be constitutional in your ultraconservative sense. But don’t worry about that, to fill this small little loop-hole, you only need to publicly preach with conviction that any views you hold are truly ultraconservative, and if anyone else who may actually know something about the constitution raises the specter that you are incorrect, it will be crystal clear that they are actually a RINO and you can call them out on that fact.

These suggestions are a really good start towards your goal of ultraconservative preeminence. Good luck with your political future. 

Hot.


          June 29, 2017: Hour 1   
In hour one of Here & Now's June 29, 2017 full broadcast, lawmakers in Illinois are scrambling to hammer out a budget deal before the fiscal year ends Friday. Niala Boodhoo of the public radio program "The 21st" joins us with the latest on the crisis. Also, President Trump sent out two tweets Thursday morning, insulting the co-hosts of the MSNBC show "Morning Joe." We hear more about how the tweets reflect on the White House from NPR's David Folkenflik. And as part of the ongoing effort to defeat ISIS, the U.S. last month began arming Kurdish forces which operate as part of the Syrian Democratic Forces. Two scholars join us to take a closer look at the move, and what it might mean for the region's future.
          Se pierde el tesorero arquitectónico en Viejo San Juan   
Un Puerto Rico en crisis tiene muy poco para salvar sus lugares históricos
          ISIS heeft zich volledig uit Aleppo teruggetrokken    

Terreurbeweging Islamitische Staat (ISIS) heeft zich vrijdag volledig teruggetrokken uit de provincie Aleppo, dat bevestigen meerdere bronnen.


          Test met crisis-sms positief geëvalueerd    

Zowel het crisiscentrum van de federale overheidsdienst Binnenlandse Zaken als minister van Binnenlandse Zaken Jan Jambon (N-VA) evalueert de test van het BE-Alert-systeem als positief. Vrijdag werd rond 15 uur op de festivalweide van Rock Werchter de alert-sms uitgeprobeerd. Binnenkort volgt overleg met de operatoren om na te gaan op welke manier de resultaten nog verbeterd kunnen worden, luidt het.


          40.000 festivalgangers ontvangen crisis-sms als test op Rock Werchter   

TEST BE-Alert. Dit is een test/Ceci est un test/This is a test. Zo’n 40.000 festivalgangers op Rock Werchter kregen vrijdagnamiddag die sms.


          Sean Kennedy's Killer May Get Early Parole   
On May 16, 2007, Elke Kennedy got a call that's every mother's worst nightmare: her son was in critical condition at the hospital. Elke and her Greenville, South Carolina community soon came to realize that her openly gay son, Sean, was brutally and fatally beaten in what would be considered a hate crime in 31 states and the District of Columbia, but not in South Carolina. Now, less than two years after his tragic death, Elke was made aware that he son's killer, Stephen Andrew Moller, may be getting early parole this February.
Sean Kennedy

Sean Kennedy

Through the foundation she started in her son's name, Sean's Last Wish, Elke is calling on the community for help:
The parole board is currently conducting an investigation to decide whether to allow him to have a parole hearing, so it is critical that they hear from you that Stephen Andrew Moller violently murdered Sean Kennedy and should serve the remainder of his sentence!
Creager and Kennedy

GLAAD's Cindi Creager, Director of National News, with Elke Kennedy

This fall, glaadBLOG caught up with Elke as part of GLAAD's "Share Your Story" series. Elke has spent the time since her son's tragic death as a community advocate, working toward LGBT-inclusive hate crimes legislation. Elke has also contributed a chapter, “What I know now about losing a son” for Crisis, a book edited by Mitchell Gold. (Last year, GLAAD partnered with Gold to urge people to share their stories with friends and family during the holiday season.) Elke has done just that--shared her story with friends, family, and the nation. She's worked with GLAAD to help share her story with local and national media. As Elke said:
Each story I hear, each person I talk to assures me that I am doing what I need to be doing.
Elke's story of dedicating her life to working for change for LGBT people, in her son's memory, is an inspiration. GLAAD invited Elke to attend the 19th Annual GLAAD Media Awards in both New York and Los Angeles as an honored guest.  In his speech to attendees GLAAD President, Neil Giuliano, made special mention of Sean Kennedy’s story and of Elke Kennedy’s work supporting LGBT people. [kaltura-widget wid="emp01pvqo0" width="410" height="364" /] To take part in Elke's letter writing campaign, please click here.
January 6, 2009

          Longtime NYC LGBT Center Director Accepts Position at Arcus   
Richard Burns

Richard Burns

Last week New York City’s LGBT Community Center announced its executive director, Richard Burns, will be leaving the Center for a post at the Arcus Foundation as chief operating officer.

Since Burns accepted the position 22 years ago this month, he built the Center into a space for around 30 community groups to meet to a hub providing cultural programs, public policy and recreational programming, mental health and social services, and meeting space to more than 6,000 folks a week Burns’ work at the Center will be remembered by many. His pioneering spirit that helped the Center through its early years during the onset of the HIV/AIDS crisis. His commitment to forge partnerships with allied progressive movements has left a mark on LGBT activism.

“Richard Burns has been the driving force of the Center for the past 22 years,” said Center Board President Bruce Anderson in a statement. “His vision, perseverance and dedication to the LGBT Liberation Movement secures his position as one of the more important social justice leaders in the country today.”

December 16, 2008

          Taryn's Wreckreation Guide: See PNW Musicians Pay Tribute To Chris Cornell   

Taryn's Wreckreation Guide: See PNW Musicians Pay Tribute To Chris Cornell

June 28, 2017

I know I am not alone when I say that I am still processing, mourning and grieving the loss of Chris Cornell. I truly believe that much of Seattle is in the same place as I am at this time. I just learned that next Saturday July 8th, 4 northwest bands will pay tribute, bringing out local community together by celebrating his music and paying it forward. Saying Hello To Heaven will be an unforgettable night! 

 

Brittany Collins, Blackstone Daze, Karma's Playbook and The Heyfields will honor Chris Cornell at The Anchor Pub in Everett. The one-night-only event will be a once-in-a-lifetime experience featuring the music from Chris Cornell’s 30+ year career, as well as original material from each of the bands. All proceeds will benefit the Seattle non-profit organization Crisis Clinic, which provides a broad array of telephone-based crisis intervention and referral services.

 

What an amazing opportunity to both celebrate the life and legacy of Chris Cornell, plus support a local organization committed to helping others in times of crisis. I certainly hope to see our Rockaholic brothers and sisters out for such an incredible event!

 

Happy Adventuring,

 

Taryn Daly

#TarynItUp


          ‘Ceci est un test’: BE-Alert uitgeprobeerd op Rock Werchter   

Op initiatief van het Crisiscentrum van Binnenlandse Zaken hebben 40.000 festivalgangers van Rock Werchter vrijdag omstreeks 15 uur een sms gekregen met de tekst ‘TEST BE-Alert. Dit is een test/Ceci est un test/This is a test. Info: crisiscentrum.be’. Het gaat om een test in het kader van het Alert-SMS-project waarmee de federale overheid in de toekomst in geval van rampen alle aanwezigen in een bepaald gebied via sms wil informeren en adviezen geven. Op Werchter kregen 4.000 festivalgangers de test niet aan.


          Inhumans Movie / Show - News, Casting, Speculations, and Rumors   





Marvel Studios /TV has announced that Inhumans will be a new show appearing on ABC and will premiere in fall of 2017.  The series first 2 episodes will be shot in Imax Cameras and will debut in movie theaters across the country.


Trailer 1:
There are still a few things that worry me about this.  However they do look better in motion.  I am not seeing much use of Powers either and I think that would be something you would sneak into the trailer.  I also think they need address why Blackbolt can't speak.  Yes, many of Toylab's readers are experts on Blackbolt but he is still pretty unknown outside of Marvel fanboys.


Synopsis:
The Inhuman Royal Family remains isolated in their amazing technological city of Attilan.  Attilan is capable of flying and has remained hidden from human eyes by resting on the Moon.  The powerful and silent ruler of the Inhumans Black Bolt is challenged by his brother Maximus.  Maximus wants the Inhumans to go to Earth and take their rightful place as its rulers.  When denied by Blackbolt, Maximus leads a coup that sees Black Bolt and a close group of followers hiding on Earth where they find a new purpose.


Cast and Characters




Background:
The series will not focus on the Inhuman characters in Agents of SHIELD (Though it would not surprise me if they appeared).  Instead the show will focus on the classic Inhuman characters of the Inhuman Royal Family.  The show will be set in the modern day and will be set both on Earth and the Moon.  The addition of the Moon as a set means that Attilan and the Blue Side of the Moon will very likely be a setting for the show.

The show / film showing with Imax will be the first time that a show and Imax have joined in such away.  The Marvel press release as posted on Marvel.com states:

ABC, IMAX and Marvel Television also intend to work together to create a joint marketing and promotion plan for the series across their proprietary media platforms--which would be the first such cross-platform marketing launch of a television series. Today’s agreement also marks IMAX’s first time as a financing participant in a TV pilot and series.

Major news in the Marvel press release was on the focus of the series:
Marvel’s "The Inhumans" will explore the never-before-told epic adventure of Black Bolt and the royal family.
This should mean that all of the Inhuman characters will be on the table for Agents of SHIELD and this new Inhumans show.

I think it is safe to say that Inhuman's film has officially been canceled and this show is a replacement to tell some of the same story that was planned for the film.  There has been speculation building for years on what Marvel will end up doing with the Inhumans and now we finally know.

What do you think?  Are you excited?  Disappointed?  Please let me know.

Pictures
The first picture of the Cast was released fans noticed that Black Bolt did not have his mask which is his iconic look.  A user of ComicBookMovie.com named Seon.  Created this edited version of the picture.  I think this looks so much better and there is not reason why Marvel vs ABC could do something similar.





Teaser Video:
First teaser does not show any characters but we do hear the voices and learn about the issues that the group will face.  It sounds like some of the series Inhuman (After terregenisis cloud) storylines could be mined here.  Though it will be different because Blackbolt left the Royal Family during that storyline and here he is very much in place as the ruler of the group.
The voices in the narration are one male and one female.  The male is certainly Maximus the Mad as seems to be plotting the overthrow of his brother and calls for the Freedom of all Inhumans.  He talking to a female who says what he is saying is treason.  I doubt that is Medusa, my guess is that it is Crystal.
Overall really like this teaser, its very short but sets the mood.  Really wish they had just gone this route instead of the stiff looking Entertainment Weekly shoot.



Pictures and Posters from Series:





Actual Casting Call Notes for Inhumans:
http://x.annihil.us/u/prod/marvel/i/mg/d/30/522658e603080/standard_fantastic.jpg
From the Hashtag show the Casting notes for the Inhumans has been released.  Keep in mind that the names for the characters coded.  However, if you know anything about the Inhumans its pretty easy to decode.

Source: The Hash Tag Show

It generally looks like they will be sticking to the classic looks of the characters:  Toylab Bloggers added the suspected character names to the character descriptions so that those are not official.

Black Bolt

Broderick: Male. 30-40. Caucasian. Can say volumes with just a look. Strong, thoughtful and private, he’s unaccustomed to being questioned or feeling a need to answer to anyone, to an extent that can verge on arrogance. Series regular.


Medusa:

Marjorie: Female. 30-40. Caucasian. An elegant and intelligent advisor to her husband, she struggles to find her place outside of their relationship, as others tend to view her as just a pretty face. Strong and resourceful, she’s not afraid to break the rules when the situation demands it. Series regular.


Maximus the Mad:

Marty: 30-40. Caucasian. Broderick’s younger brother; he is intelligent, charming, and articulate. He comes across as a man of the people but secretly covets power. Series regular.


Karnak:

Kevin: Male. 30-40. Open. Slight of build, his mind is his greatest asset. Always prepared with a plan, his outlook on life is the glass is always half-empty and often cracked and dirty as well. Though his outlook can be grim, he has a droll, dry sense of humor. Series regular.

Gorgon:

Grady: Male. 25-35. Open. Impetuous and brash, he has serious impulse control issues which frequently get him into trouble whether its women, booze, or fighting. He loves life and lives in the moment for better or worse. Series regular.

Crystal:

Christine: Female. 18-25 to play 18. Caucasian. Soulful but still learning the ways of the world, she has the arrogance of youth. Impetuous and independent she is also deeply devoted to her family. Series regular.

Triton:

Timothy: Male. 25-35. Open. SFXMU required. Supremely athletic. The ultimate picture of cool. He’s calm under pressure and willing to do anything to get the job done.



Sir Kent's thoughts on the Inhumans
Thoughts on the Inhuman Show and Casting from our infamous Guest Blogger Sir Kent!

#SIRKENTSAID #TOYLAB #THEINHUMANS

The Internet and comic geeks alike were all abuzz this week over the MOSTLY confirmed news that MARVEL is planning a GARGANTUAN (LOVE using such words) and ambitious introduction for a group that had been first reported to be D.O.A. The news of THE INHUMANS FINALLY getting not only a big screen, I-Max only treatment but, being tied into a T.V. series was not only enough to make me fuck a duck but about as overdue as this month's Netflix membership is from me (Don't worry bitches, I’ll get to you!). Speaking of ducks, a very brief history of The Inhumans. They were created by way back in 1965. Until recently, they never really had a long running comic of their own. They just kinda showed up at major events throughout Marvel history and much like the Terrigen Mist that gives them their powers, disappeared again. They were originally genetically enhanced humans that had been experimented upon by an alien race called The Kree.

(If you don't know who they are, you ain't a fan! And SHAME ON YOU!) The Kree created the Terrigen Crystals as a way to not only bring out and modify any hidden ability each person may have had but, the ultimate goal was to have them blend into different races throughout the galaxy and wait for orders to try and take over. Which explains their unique and individual appearance. I could go on and on because of their sudden resurgence of popularity thanks to A.O.S. (Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.).

But I will spare you that because the BIGGEST question of the week is HOW IS THIS GOING TO WORK??? Marvel...by the way BRA-F'BEEP'IN’-VO MARVEL! This is an endeavor that has NEVER been done before and if executed correctly, could spell a new way of movies and T.V. for years to come. Marvels plan is to have The Inhumans have a big screen run only only I-Max or I-Max 3-D screens. THEN spin that into a T.V. series.

This is simply GENIUS and ballsy thinking but, the story, the writing and the casting has got to be about as balls on as it was for DEADPOOL! Which brings me to the gist (Dirty but proper English term! Ya GOTTA love those, don't you?) WHO WILL PLAY THE ROYAL FAMILY??? This in it of itself is a HUGE problem because you have a bunch of start who think they are “TOO GOOD” to appear on the small screen! I said it once before and I’ll say it again.

If the great Samuel muthuf'BEEPin’ Jackson can appear TWICE on A.O.S. then NONE of you muthuf'BEEPa’s have an excuse! Except for being dick’s...thats always an excuse. Here is what I'm thinking should be the short list of consideration for the key members of The Royal Family (Of Inhumans. Not THAT Royal Family. DIPSH'BEEP!)

For the role of KING BLACKBOLT the first that comes to mind would be Vin Diesel BUT that dumbfuck probably would be one of those dicks that wouldn't do T.V.! I could see that so my next choice would be
Jessie Williams of GREY’s ANATOMY fame. Just because, physically, he fits the role to a t. It adds a certain level of color so that this won't turn into FANTASTIC BEASTS AND WHERE TO FIND THEM. (Or as I call it, The Oscars all over again! HAH! Could there BE a cast anymore white? Oh wait...trump. I’m sad again)

Photo:

My choice to play CRYSTAL would be Gillian Jacobs of COMMUNITY fame because HELLO. I mean LOOK AT HER! SHE IS CRYSTAL! Put her in something skin tight, add special effects and BOOM!


Photo:

My choice for QUEEN MEDUSA would be Christina Hendricks of
BAD SANTA 2 and MAD MEN. Tits, ass and red hair. Need I say more?

Photo:

An obvious choice to stay on that “Not too white” line of thinking is my boy KARNAK. Interesting note about Karnak. He wasn't introduced to the terrigen gas like everybody else. His mother wanted him to build his abilities naturally. So she sent him away to a monastery where he mastered his sensory abilities and martial arts prowess. Now, he can see weakness and flaws in anything and exploit it with his skills.

He is a natural tactician as well. My choice to play him could only be
Daniel Wu of INTO THE BADLANDS fame. If you ain't checked out this
A & E series, you really need to.

Photo: Daniel Wu as Sunny - Into the Badlands _ Season 1, Gallery - Photo Credit: James Minchin III/AMC

An easy pick for GORGON who is arguably the second strongest of the group would have to be Jason Momoa of STARGATE ATLANTIS and JUSTICE LEAGUE fame. He would play the shit of of a guy who could cause seismic tremors with his cloven hooves.

Photo:

So there you have it. There is my bright ideas for who would fill out this cast well and hopefully wouldn't act like a bunch of dicks making the transition from the big screen to T.V. What do you think?



Inhuman's Shop
Toylab is a member of the Amazon Affiliate Program and is able to bring our fans the best deals on Inhuman Merchandise directly from Amazon.





Here is the information on the prior Inhuman Movie.


Inhumans Movie - News, Casting, Speculations, and Rumors

Scheduled Release date:  Nov 2nd, 2018

Description:
Marvel Studios President Kevin Feige was quoted saying this about the movie:
“November 3, 2018 will introduce dozens of characters into the Marvel Cinematic Universe," ... "We really do believe the Inhumans can be a franchise or a series of franchise unto themselves. They have dozens of powers and an amazing social structure. With our 20th movie in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, we wanted to continue to refine what that universe is about."
Source Marvel.com 

Inhumanslogo
Update Oct 9, 2015:
No More Inhumans Movie?

There is a rumor circulating NYCC and has been reported by Bleedingcool news that the Inhumans film may no longer be on Marvel's slate.
Some speculate that has to do with a disagreement between Marvel's film and TV divisions.  Others conclude that this means that Marvel may be working on a deal with Fox to bring over the X-Men franchise.
For the moment this is all very much rumor and speculation.  Bleedingcool does insist though that it has reliable sources to this rumor.
It would be unclear if true what this would mean for the plot of Agents of SHIELD.  Agents of SHIELD has built up the ideas of Inhumans for the past 3 years.  Would this give the show free reign introduce the Royal Family or does it put their future seasons in a quagmire?

Update: Oct 12, 2015
Devin Faraci addressed the rumor circulating from the BleedingCoolNews article.  According to him there is no delay or cancelation of the Inhuman film.

He also questioned Bleedingcool's claims on the Iron Fist TV show:


Want to learn more about the Inhumans?  Go to:
Inhumans CheatSheet for Agents of SHIELD fans

Current Marvel Logo for the Inhumans movie

News:
Will Vin Diesel be Blackbolt?

Agents of SHIELD build up of Inhumans 
Inhumans CheatSheet for Agents of SHIELD fans
Is Skye an Inhuman?
Skye's Full Origin by Toylab 
Inhuman #8 why did Marvel double orders? 
Hunting for the Mysterious City in Agents of SHIELD
Who are Skye's parents? 
Did Agents of SHIELD jus introduce Skye's Mom?
Is Skye's Father Maximus the Mad?

Characters:
Who are the Inhumans?
Who is Blackbolt? Why is he so powerful?
Who is Maximus the Mad? 
Who is Medusa?
Who is Karnak?
Who is Crystal?
Who is Triton? 
Who is Gorgon?

Important Places: 
What is Attilan? 
What is the Temple of Randac? 

Ancient Inhumans
Who is King Randac?

Nova Worldmind - Cosmic Races and Cosmic Map
          DataCore Brings Hybrid Cloud Replication to Azure Marketplace   
Ease of access to business-critical data and applications can make the difference between emerging from a crisis at minimal cost and maximum speed, or jeopardizing your business reputation and bottom line. Think that’s an exaggeration? Consider this – the average cost of a single hour of downtime for an enterprise is $300,000. But replicating operations […]
          NVIDIA: Startup to Poach Poachers Using Intelligent Drones   
Across the African savanna, 25,000 elephants and 1,000 rhinos are killed by poachers each year, according to some estimates. At this rate, they’ll be extinct within two decades. To combat this crisis, Neurala, a Boston-based startup, is bringing stealth, speed and scale to the fight in the form of deep learning-powered drones. By putting intelligent […]
          UNESCO participó en el segundo Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Artes en Guayaquil, Ecuador   

Entre el 21 y el 23 de junio de 2017, la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito y Representación para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, a través de su Sector Cultura, participó en la segunda edición del Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Artes, organizado por la Universidad de las Artes (UArtes) de Guayaquil, a través del Instituto Latinoamericano de Investigación en Artes (ILIA).


El 23 de junio de realizó la mesa de diálogo “Ciudades creativas, ciudades pensadas, ciudades vividas”.

La contribución de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito se vinculó a la mesa de diálogo “Ciudades creativas, ciudades pensadas, ciudades vividas" -durante la mañana del día viernes 23-, con la ponencia “Cultura y creatividad: motores para el desarrollo urbano sostenible”. La presentación estuvo a cargo de Ernestina Cortés y Alessandro Martinotti, quienes resaltaron el trabajo de la UNESCO como la agencia de las Naciones Unidas con el mandato específico en cultura, en la visibilización de la cultura y el patrimonio como motores del desarrollo sostenible y como medios para mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas.

La primera parte de la exposición tuvo por objetivo presentar los antecedentes y los elementos más significativos de la Convención de 2005 sobre la Protección y Promoción de la Diversidad de las Expresiones Culturales , un acuerdo internacional jurídicamente vinculante que garantiza que todos los ciudadanos, especialmente los artistas, los profesionales de la cultura y creativos, puedan crear, producir, distribuir, difundir y disfrutar de un amplia gama de servicios y bienes culturales. En particular, se hizo hincapié en la importancia de la libertad artística, definida como la libertad de imaginar, crear y distribuir expresiones culturales diversas sin censura, interferencia pública u otro tipo de presiones.

En la segunda parte, se destacó el creciente reconocimiento que la cultura y la creatividad han logrado en los distintos escenarios, políticas y acciones implementadas a nivel global en pos del desarrollo sostenible, con particular atención en los contextos urbanos. En este sentido, se resaltaron los esfuerzos realizados por la UNESCO para fomentar la importancia de la diversidad y el diálogo intercultural, promover la cultura como motor del desarrollo sostenible, contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible establecidos en la Agenda 2030, e impulsar el papel estratégico de las industrias culturales y creativas en el desarrollo urbano sostenible.


Las mesas de diálogo se centraron en tres ejes temáticos: política y sociedad, interculturalidad y derechos culturales, ciudades creativas y urbanismo en América Latina.

Las ponencias magistrales y mesas de debate que articularon las tres jornadas, se anclaron, respectivamente, en los siguientes ejes temáticos: política y sociedad, interculturalidad y derechos culturales, ciudades creativas y urbanismo en América Latina. Durante el evento se desarrollaron varias actividades académicas y artísticas que tuvieron por objetivo el fomento de la investigación en y a través de las artes. Asimismo, el encuentro fue planteado como un espacio de diálogo que –mediante múltiples miradas- apuntó al análisis del papel de las artes en relación con los contextos sociales, económicos y culturales. 


          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) Social Worker   
Job Overview ## Job Overview ### Summary Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1981188 **OUR MISSION**: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise – "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" – by serving and honoring the men and women who are America's Veterans. How would you like to become a part of a team providing compassionate care to Veterans? The person hired for this position will not be required to file a financial disclosure. **IF YOU ARE A CURRENT, PERMANENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEE, YOU MUST APPLY TO VACANCY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER 1981085 TO RECEIVE THIS CONSIDERATION.** As a VA professional, your opportunities are endless. Not only is it the largest, most technologically advanced integrated health care system in the Nation, but we also provide many other services to Veterans through the Benefits Administration and National Cemeteries. VA professionals feel good about their careers and their ability to balance work and home life. VA offers generous paid time off and a variety of predictable and flexible scheduling opportunities. For more information on the Department of Veterans Affairs, go to http://www.vacareers.va.gov/. ****VA encourages persons with disabilities to apply. The health related positions in VA are covered by Title 38, and are not covered by the Schedule A excepted appointment authority. This person in this position will not be required to file a financial disclosure. ### Duties The Clinical Social Worker in the Mental Health Intensive Case Management Program (MHICM) will work on a multidisciplinary case management team located at the Battle Creek VA Medical Center (BCVAMC). The incumbent serves, in the community, those Veterans with severe and persistent mental illness who have frequent or long-term hospitalizations. The client population's illness is chronic in nature, refractory to resolution and requires monitoring to maintain stability. The incumbent will individually tailor services to meet the needs of the Veterans and deliver them on a one-on-one basis or in a group setting. The incumbent will assure continuity of care by using a team approach and sharing responsibilities. Duties include, but are not limited to: * Participates in the admission/screening process by interviewing patients and/or other stakeholders and completing intake data collection with purpose of establishing treatment for Severely Mentally Ill (SMI) psychiatric disorders in a case management setting. This may include obtaining psychosocial history, maintaining data sheets, completing high risk screens, answering consults, and developing discharge planning assessments. * Participates in or facilitates selected supportive groups related to the treatment of specific SMI psychiatric disorders, conducts individual counseling and other social work privileged functions independently or under supervision as professional license dictates. * May conduct psycho educational activities following professionally prepared resource guides. * Functions as a primary manager (case manager) for a number of Veterans on a prescribed case load of SMI Veterans. This includes preparation and implementation of treatment plans developed in concert with the incumbent's multidisciplinary team. * Acts as a liaison between staff, Veteran and stakeholders in the development and review of treatments plans. * Participates in periodic review of ongoing treatment of patients under the care of the MHICM team. * Provides ongoing documentation of patient's progress using a behavioral framework using SOAP format where S-subjective input, O-behavioral observation, A-clinical assessment, P-collaborative plan. * Help Veterans adjust to current living situation; explore areas of deficit in activities of daily living; provide and/or arrange skill building educational activities; and explore areas of psychosocial conflicts or trauma seeking resolution or psychological stability (maintenance) by using a "Recovery Model" based approach. * Use supportive/facilitative techniques with Veterans and their stakeholders to help them better communicate with each other and, when necessary, help confront problem behaviors. * Acts as a resource and liaison person to public and private providers and agencies to assure continuity of care and appropriate referrals of Veterans and their stakeholders as levels of care change. * Conducts or assists in carrying out planned QA studies or research projects. **Work Schedule:** Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. Participates in a rotation of weekend duty social workers, including modification of tour of duty to accommodate patient care needs on the weekend. **Functional Statement Title/#:** Social Worker (MHICM). ### Travel Required * Not Required ### Relocation Authorized * No Job Requirements ## Job Requirements ### Key Requirements * Must pass pre-employment examination * Must be proficient in written and spoken English * Designated and-or Random Drug Testing required * Background and-or Security Investigation required * Selective Service Registration is required for males born after 12/31/1959. ### Qualifications **Basic Requirements:** **U.S. citizenship**. Non-citizens may be appointed when it is not possible to recruit qualified citizens in accordance with VA Policy. **Education**. Have a master's degree in social work from a school of social work fully accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). Graduates of schools of social work that are in candidacy status do not meet this requirement until the school of social work is fully accredited. A doctoral degree in social work may not be substitutes for the master's degree in social work. **Licensure.** Persons hired or reassign to social worker positions in the GS-185 series in VHA must be licenses or certified by a state to independently practice social work at the master's degree level. **Physical Requirements.** **English Language Proficiency.** Social workers must be proficient in spoken and written English. Experience refers to paid and unpaid experience, including volunteer work done through National Service programs (e.g., Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) and other organizations (e.g., professional; philanthropic; religions; spiritual; community; student; social). Volunteer work helps build critical competencies, knowledge, and skills and can provide valuable training and experience that translates directly to paid employment. You will receive credit for all qualifying experience, including volunteer experience. **Grade Determinations:** **GS-9 Social Worker** Experience, Education and Licensure. GS-9 is the entry level grade for the GS-185 social work series and is used for social workers with less than one year of post-MSW experience and for social workers who are nor yet licensed or certified at the independent practice level. Social workers at the GS-9 level are working toward completion of prerequisites for licensure or certification. In addition, the candidates must demonstrate the KSAs below: 1. Ability to provide psychosocial treatment to a wide variety of individuals from various socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, educational, and other diversified backgrounds. This requires knowledge of human development and behavior (physical and psychological), and the differential influences of the environment, society, and culture. 2. Ability to work with patients and families who are experiencing a variety of psychiatric, medical, and social problems utilizing individual, group, and family counseling skills. Work with more complex problems is done under close supervision. With guidance from the social work supervisor, ability to assess the psychosocial functioning and need of patients and their family members, and to formulate and implement a treatment plan, identifying the patient's problems, strengths, weaknesses, coping skills, and assistance needed. 3. Basic knowledge of psychosocial treatment modalities and, under supervision, ability to implement treatment modalities in working with individuals, families, and groups to achieve treatment goals. This requires judgment and skill in utilizing supportive, problem solving or crisis intervention techniques. 4. Ability to establish and maintain effective working relationships with clients, staff, and representatives of community agencies. Ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, with people from varied backgrounds. 5. Knowledge of medical and mental health diagnoses, disabilities, and treatment procedures. This includes acute, chronic, and traumatic illnesses/injuries; common medications and their effects/side effects; and medical terminology. 6. Basic skill in the use of computer software applications for drafting documents, data management, and tracking. Ability to learn and utilize software programs in use by VHA. **GS-11 Social Worker** Experience, Education, and Licensure. Promotion to the GS-11 full performance level requires completion of a minimum of 1 year post-MSW degree experience in the field of health care social work (VA or non-VA experience) and licensure or certification in a state at the independent practice level. OR In additions to meeting basic requirements, a doctoral degree in social work from a school of social work may be substitutes for the required 1 yea of professional social work experience in a clinical setting. In addition, the candidate must demonstrate the KSAs below: 1. Knowledge of community resources, how to make appropriate referrals to community and other governmental agencies for services, and ability to coordinate services. 2. Ability to independently assess the psychosocial functioning and needs of patients and their family members and to formulate and implement a treatment plan, identifying the patient's problems, strengths, weakness, coping skills and assistance needed, in collaboration with the patient, family and interdisciplinary treatment team. 3. Ability to independently conduct psychosocial assessments and provide psychosocial treatment to a wide variety of individuals from various socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, educational and other diversified backgrounds. This requires knowledge of human development and behavior (physical and psychological) and the differential influences of the environment, society and culture. 4. Knowledge and experience in the use of medical and mental health diagnoses, disabilities and treatment procedures. This includes acute, chronic and traumatic illnesses/injuries, common medications and their effects, and medical terminology. 5. Knowledge of psychosocial treatment and ability to independently implement treatment modalities in working with individuals, families and groups who are experiencing a variety of psychiatric, medical and social problems to achieve treatment goals. This requires independent judgment and skill in utilizing supportive, problem solving or crisis intervention techniques. 6. Ability to independently provide counseling and/or psychotherapy services to individuals, groups and families. Social workers must practice within the bounds of their license or certification. For example, some states may require social workers providing psychotherapy to have a clinical level of licensure. 7. Ability to provide consultation services to other staff about the psychosocial needs of patients and the impact of psychosocial needs of patients and the impact of psychosocial problems on health care and compliance with treatment. Ability to provide orientation and coaching to new social workers and social work graduate students. Ability to serve as a field instructor for social work graduate students who are completing VHA field placement. 8. Ability to independently evaluate his/her own practice through participation in professional peer review case conferences, research studies, or other organized means. 9. Knowledge and skill in the use of computer software applications for documents, data management, and tracking, especially those programs in use by VHA. **Reference:**VA Handbook, Part II, Appendix G39. This can be found in the local Human Resources Office. **Note:** Only education or degrees recognized by the U.S. Department of Education from accredited colleges, universities, schools, or institutions may be used to qualify for Federal employment. You can verify your education here: http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation/. If you are using foreign education to meet qualification requirements, you must send a Certificate of Foreign Equivalency with your transcript in order to receive credit for that education. **Physical Requirements:** Light carrying, under 15 pounds; use of fingers; walking; standing; operation of a crane, truck, tractor, or motor vehicle; near vision correctable at 13" to 16" to Jaeger 1 to 4; far vision correctable in one eye to 20/20 and to 20/40 in the other; hearing (aid permitted), mental and emotional stability. ### Security Clearance Public Trust - Background Investigation Additional Information ## Additional Information ### What To Expect Next After we receive application packages (including all required documents) and the vacancy announcement closes, we will review applications to ensure qualification and eligibility requirements are met. During our review, if your résumé and application package do not support your questionnaire answers, we will adjust your rating accordingly. After the review is complete, a referral certificate(s) is issued and applicants will be notified of their status by email (if provided); otherwise, applicants will receive a notification letter via the U.S. Postal Service. Referred applicants will be notified as such and may be contacted directly by the hiring office for an interview. All referred applicants receive a final notification once a selection decision has been made. You may check the status of your application at any time by logging into your USAJOBS account and clicking on "Application Status." For a more detailed update of your status, click on "more information." Information regarding applicant notification points can be found in the USAJobs Resource Center. #### BENEFITS VA offers a comprehensive benefits package. This link provides an overview of the benefits currently offered: http://www.vacareers.va.gov/why-choose-va/benefits/index.asp. **Receiving Service Credit for Earning Annual (Vacation) Leave**: Federal Employees earn annual leave at a rate (4, 6 or 8 hours per pay period) which is based on the number of years they have served as a Federal employee. ### Other Information It is the policy of the VA to not deny employment to those that have faced financial hardships or periods of unemployment. This job opportunity announcement may be used to fill additional vacancies. This position is in the Excepted Service and does not confer competitive status. This job originated on www.usajobs.gov. For the full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/473299100. Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. *Salary Range:* $49,765.00 to $78,270.00 / Per Year *Series & Grade:* GS-0185-09/11 *Promotion Potential:* 11 *Supervisory Status:* No *Who May Apply:* 1st area of consideration will be qualifying Veterans with preference *Control Number:* 473299100 *Job Announcement Number:* BI-17H604-TNW-1981188-BU
          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) Social Worker   
Job Overview ## Job Overview ### Summary Vacancy Identification Number (VIN): 1981085 **OUR MISSION**: To fulfill President Lincoln's promise – "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" – by serving and honoring the men and women who are America's Veterans. How would you like to become a part of a team providing compassionate care to Veterans? **IF YOU DO NOT MEET THE "WHO MAY APPLY" REQUIREMENTS LISTED IN THE ANNOUNCEMENT, YOU MUST APPLY TO VACANCY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER 1981188 TO BE CONSIDERED.** As a VA professional, your opportunities are endless. Not only is it the largest, most technologically advanced integrated health care system in the Nation, but we also provide many other services to Veterans through the Benefits Administration and National Cemeteries. VA professionals feel good about their careers and their ability to balance work and home life. VA offers generous paid time off and a variety of predictable and flexible scheduling opportunities. For more information on the Department of Veterans Affairs, go to http://www.vacareers.va.gov/. ****VA encourages persons with disabilities to apply. The health related positions in VA are covered by Title 38, and are not covered by the Schedule A excepted appointment authority. This person in this position will not be required to file a financial disclosure. ### Duties The Clinical Social Worker in the Mental Health Intensive Case Management Program (MHICM) will work on a multidisciplinary case management team located at the Battle Creek VA Medical Center (BCVAMC). The incumbent serves, in the community, those Veterans with severe and persistent mental illness who have frequent or long-term hospitalizations. The client population's illness is chronic in nature, refractory to resolution and requires monitoring to maintain stability. The incumbent will individually tailor services to meet the needs of the Veterans and deliver them on a one-on-one basis or in a group setting. The incumbent will assure continuity of care by using a team approach and sharing responsibilities. Duties include, but are not limited to: * Participates in the admission/screening process by interviewing patients and/or other stakeholders and completing intake data collection with purpose of establishing treatment for Severely Mentally Ill (SMI) psychiatric disorders in a case management setting. This may include obtaining psychosocial history, maintaining data sheets, completing high risk screens, answering consults, and developing discharge planning assessments. * Participates in or facilitates selected supportive groups related to the treatment of specific SMI psychiatric disorders, conducts individual counseling and other social work privileged functions independently or under supervision as professional license dictates. * May conduct psycho educational activities following professionally prepared resource guides. * Functions as a primary manager (case manager) for a number of Veterans on a prescribed case load of SMI Veterans. This includes preparation and implementation of treatment plans developed in concert with the incumbent's multidisciplinary team. * Acts as a liaison between staff, Veteran and stakeholders in the development and review of treatments plans. * Participates in periodic review of ongoing treatment of patients under the care of the MHICM team. * Provides ongoing documentation of patient's progress using a behavioral framework using SOAP format where S-subjective input, O-behavioral observation, A-clinical assessment, P-collaborative plan. * Help Veterans adjust to current living situation; explore areas of deficit in activities of daily living; provide and/or arrange skill building educational activities; and explore areas of psychosocial conflicts or trauma seeking resolution or psychological stability (maintenance) by using a "Recovery Model" based approach. * Use supportive/facilitative techniques with Veterans and their stakeholders to help them better communicate with each other and, when necessary, help confront problem behaviors. * Acts as a resource and liaison person to public and private providers and agencies to assure continuity of care and appropriate referrals of Veterans and their stakeholders as levels of care change. * Conducts or assists in carrying out planned QA studies or research projects. **Work Schedule:** Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. Participates in a rotation of weekend duty social workers, including modification of tour of duty to accommodate patient care needs on the weekend. **Functional Statement Title/#:** Social Worker (MHICM). ### Travel Required * Not Required ### Relocation Authorized * No Job Requirements ## Job Requirements ### Key Requirements * Must pass pre-employment examination * Must be proficient in written and spoken English * Designated and-or Random Drug Testing required * Background and-or Security Investigation required * Selective Service Registration is required for males born after 12/31/1959. ### Qualifications **Basic Requirements:** **U.S. citizenship**. Non-citizens may be appointed when it is not possible to recruit qualified citizens in accordance with VA Policy. **Education**. Have a master's degree in social work from a school of social work fully accredited by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). Graduates of schools of social work that are in candidacy status do not meet this requirement until the school of social work is fully accredited. A doctoral degree in social work may not be substitutes for the master's degree in social work. **Licensure.** Persons hired or reassign to social worker positions in the GS-185 series in VHA must be licenses or certified by a state to independently practice social work at the master's degree level. **Physical Requirements.** **English Language Proficiency.** Social workers must be proficient in spoken and written English. Experience refers to paid and unpaid experience, including volunteer work done through National Service programs (e.g., Peace Corps, AmeriCorps) and other organizations (e.g., professional; philanthropic; religions; spiritual; community; student; social). Volunteer work helps build critical competencies, knowledge, and skills and can provide valuable training and experience that translates directly to paid employment. You will receive credit for all qualifying experience, including volunteer experience. **Grade Determinations:** **GS-9 Social Worker** Experience, Education and Licensure. GS-9 is the entry level grade for the GS-185 social work series and is used for social workers with less than one year of post-MSW experience and for social workers who are nor yet licensed or certified at the independent practice level. Social workers at the GS-9 level are working toward completion of prerequisites for licensure or certification. In addition, the candidates must demonstrate the KSAs below: 1. Ability to provide psychosocial treatment to a wide variety of individuals from various socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, educational, and other diversified backgrounds. This requires knowledge of human development and behavior (physical and psychological), and the differential influences of the environment, society, and culture. 2. Ability to work with patients and families who are experiencing a variety of psychiatric, medical, and social problems utilizing individual, group, and family counseling skills. Work with more complex problems is done under close supervision. With guidance from the social work supervisor, ability to assess the psychosocial functioning and need of patients and their family members, and to formulate and implement a treatment plan, identifying the patient's problems, strengths, weaknesses, coping skills, and assistance needed. 3. Basic knowledge of psychosocial treatment modalities and, under supervision, ability to implement treatment modalities in working with individuals, families, and groups to achieve treatment goals. This requires judgment and skill in utilizing supportive, problem solving or crisis intervention techniques. 4. Ability to establish and maintain effective working relationships with clients, staff, and representatives of community agencies. Ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, with people from varied backgrounds. 5. Knowledge of medical and mental health diagnoses, disabilities, and treatment procedures. This includes acute, chronic, and traumatic illnesses/injuries; common medications and their effects/side effects; and medical terminology. 6. Basic skill in the use of computer software applications for drafting documents, data management, and tracking. Ability to learn and utilize software programs in use by VHA. **GS-11 Social Worker** Experience, Education, and Licensure. Promotion to the GS-11 full performance level requires completion of a minimum of 1 year post-MSW degree experience in the field of health care social work (VA or non-VA experience) and licensure or certification in a state at the independent practice level. OR In additions to meeting basic requirements, a doctoral degree in social work from a school of social work may be substitutes for the required 1 yea of professional social work experience in a clinical setting. In addition, the candidate must demonstrate the KSAs below: 1. Knowledge of community resources, how to make appropriate referrals to community and other governmental agencies for services, and ability to coordinate services. 2. Ability to independently assess the psychosocial functioning and needs of patients and their family members and to formulate and implement a treatment plan, identifying the patient's problems, strengths, weakness, coping skills and assistance needed, in collaboration with the patient, family and interdisciplinary treatment team. 3. Ability to independently conduct psychosocial assessments and provide psychosocial treatment to a wide variety of individuals from various socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, educational and other diversified backgrounds. This requires knowledge of human development and behavior (physical and psychological) and the differential influences of the environment, society and culture. 4. Knowledge and experience in the use of medical and mental health diagnoses, disabilities and treatment procedures. This includes acute, chronic and traumatic illnesses/injuries, common medications and their effects, and medical terminology. 5. Knowledge of psychosocial treatment and ability to independently implement treatment modalities in working with individuals, families and groups who are experiencing a variety of psychiatric, medical and social problems to achieve treatment goals. This requires independent judgment and skill in utilizing supportive, problem solving or crisis intervention techniques. 6. Ability to independently provide counseling and/or psychotherapy services to individuals, groups and families. Social workers must practice within the bounds of their license or certification. For example, some states may require social workers providing psychotherapy to have a clinical level of licensure. 7. Ability to provide consultation services to other staff about the psychosocial needs of patients and the impact of psychosocial needs of patients and the impact of psychosocial problems on health care and compliance with treatment. Ability to provide orientation and coaching to new social workers and social work graduate students. Ability to serve as a field instructor for social work graduate students who are completing VHA field placement. 8. Ability to independently evaluate his/her own practice through participation in professional peer review case conferences, research studies, or other organized means. 9. Knowledge and skill in the use of computer software applications for documents, data management, and tracking, especially those programs in use by VHA. **Reference:**VA Handbook, Part II, Appendix G39. This can be found in the local Human Resources Office. **Note:** Only education or degrees recognized by the U.S. Department of Education from accredited colleges, universities, schools, or institutions may be used to qualify for Federal employment. You can verify your education here: http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation/. If you are using foreign education to meet qualification requirements, you must send a Certificate of Foreign Equivalency with your transcript in order to receive credit for that education. **Physical Requirements:** Light carrying, under 15 pounds; use of fingers; walking; standing; operation of a crane, truck, tractor, or motor vehicle; near vision correctable at 13" to 16" to Jaeger 1 to 4; far vision correctable in one eye to 20/20 and to 20/40 in the other; hearing (aid permitted), mental and emotional stability. ### Security Clearance Public Trust - Background Investigation Additional Information ## Additional Information ### What To Expect Next After we receive application packages (including all required documents) and the vacancy announcement closes, we will review applications to ensure qualification and eligibility requirements are met. During our review, if your résumé and application package do not support your questionnaire answers, we will adjust your rating accordingly. After the review is complete, a referral certificate(s) is issued and applicants will be notified of their status by email (if provided); otherwise, applicants will receive a notification letter via the U.S. Postal Service. Referred applicants will be notified as such and may be contacted directly by the hiring office for an interview. All referred applicants receive a final notification once a selection decision has been made. You may check the status of your application at any time by logging into your USAJOBS account and clicking on "Application Status." For a more detailed update of your status, click on "more information." Information regarding applicant notification points can be found in the USAJobs Resource Center. #### BENEFITS VA offers a comprehensive benefits package. This link provides an overview of the benefits currently offered: http://www.vacareers.va.gov/why-choose-va/benefits/index.asp. ### Other Information It is the policy of the VA to not deny employment to those that have faced financial hardships or periods of unemployment. This job opportunity announcement may be used to fill additional vacancies. This position is in the Excepted Service and does not confer competitive status. This job originated on www.usajobs.gov. For the full announcement and to apply, visit www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/473291200. Only resumes submitted according to the instructions on the job announcement listed at www.usajobs.gov will be considered. *Salary Range:* $49,765.00 to $78,270.00 / Per Year *Series & Grade:* GS-0185-00/00 *Supervisory Status:* No *Who May Apply:* 1st area of consideration is current, permanent employees of the Battle Creek VAMC. 2nd area of consideration is all other current, permanent Federal employees. *Control Number:* 473291200 *Job Announcement Number:* BI-17H604-TNW-1981085-BU
          Comment on Features/Benefits by Susannah   
It's like you're on a misison to save me time and money!
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) PCA Nursing Resource Team BMC / Borgess Medical Center / FT Nights, 72 hours biweekly   
**Job ID: 202067** **PCA Nursing Resource Team BMC / Borgess Medical Center / FT Nights, 72 hours biweekly** **Kalamazoo, Michigan** **Regular/Night** **Additional Job Information** **Title:** PCA Nursing Resource Team BMC **City, State:** Kalamazoo,MI **Location:** Borgess Medical Center **Department:** Nurse Staffing 001 **Additional Job Details:** FT Nights, 72 hours biweekly **Marketing Statement** Based in Kalamazoo, Borgess provides care for nearly 1 million people annually in cardiac, neurologic, orthopedic, vascular and bariatric services, among others. We are one of the region’s largest health systems and employers and have been serving as part of Ascension since 1999. **Job Description** **Job Summary:** The PCA, under general supervision and according to established policies and procedures, may be assigned a variety of duties designed to assist with the direct care of the patient. This may include ordering and stocking unit supplies of all types needed for patient care and locating shared equipment within the hospital. Timely and efficient completion of these tasks is required for quality patient care. Interpersonal skills are necessary to communicate effectively and relate politely to patients, visitors and fellow staff members. Adheres to Borgess Medical Center mission, vision and values. **Responsibilities:** + Must be able to successfully complete orientation/training programs for the position as evidenced by completion of competencies. + Must be able to work effectively as a team member in the delivery of care and promote collaboration and a positive work environment. + Must have computer skills to be able to enter and retrieve patient information. + Observes and records pertinent information, consults with and reports significant reactions and changes in patient condition to the appropriate Registered Nurse. + Inventory, Order, stock and locate various equipment and supplies needed for patient care. + The above is intended to describe the general content of and requirements for the performance of this job. It is not to be construed as an exhaustive statement of duties, responsibilities or requirements. **Qualifications** **Licenses/Certifications/Registration:** + **Required Credential(s):** + BLS Provider credentialed from the American Heart Association (AHA) obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. + Certification specializing in Crisis Prevention obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. **Education:** + High School Diploma or Equivalent (GED) required + A minimum of six (6) months experience with direct patient care preferred. **How To Apply** For questions or assistance with completing the online application, please contact Ascension candidate care at 855-778-6037. **Equal Employment Opportunity** Borgess Health is an equal opportunity employer, dedicated to the nondiscrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, age, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, disability, veteran or marital status. Please note that Ascension will make an offer of employment only to individuals who have applied for a position using our official application. Be on alert for possible fraudulent offers of employment. Ascension will not solicit money or banking information from applicants.
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) BSS Patient Care Associate / Borgess Medical Center / PRN Nights   
**Job ID: 205189** **BSS Patient Care Associate / Borgess Medical Center / PRN Nights** **Kalamazoo, Michigan** **Regular/Night** **Additional Job Information** **Title:** BSS Patient Care Associate **City, State:** Kalamazoo,MI **Location:** Borgess Medical Center **Department:** Staffing Services 002 **Additional Job Details:** PRN Nights **Marketing Statement** Based in Kalamazoo, Borgess provides care for nearly 1 million people annually in cardiac, neurologic, orthopedic, vascular and bariatric services, among others. We are one of the region’s largest health systems and employers and have been serving as part of Ascension since 1999. **Job Description** **Job Summary:** The Patient Care Associate performs basic patient care activities to patients in assigned area. **Responsibilities:** + Assists with treatments ordered by physician and supervised by a Registered Nurse (RN). + Assists patients with tending to personal care and activities of daily living. + Reports findings or changes in physical, mental and emotional conditions to nursing staff. + Assists with keeping patient rooms clean and orderly. + On the Behavioral Medicine Unit, successful completion of CPI and be physically capable of implementing CPI techniques. + The above is intended to describe the general content of and requirements for the performance of this job. It is not to be construed as an exhaustive statement of duties, responsibilities or requirements. **Qualifications** **Licenses/Certifications/Registration:** + **Required Credential(s):** + BLS Provider credentialed from the American Heart Association (AHA) obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. + Certification specializing in Crisis Prevention obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. + Finger Printing obtained prior to hire date or job transfer date. **Education:** + High School Diploma or Equivalent (GED) required + Minimum of six (6)month's experience with direct patient care is preferred. **How To Apply** For questions or assistance with completing the online application, please contact Ascension candidate care at 855-778-6037. **Equal Employment Opportunity** Borgess Health is an equal opportunity employer, dedicated to the nondiscrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, age, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, disability, veteran or marital status. Please note that Ascension will make an offer of employment only to individuals who have applied for a position using our official application. Be on alert for possible fraudulent offers of employment. Ascension will not solicit money or banking information from applicants.
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Registered Nurse Behavioral Adult / Borgess Medical Center / FT Evening / 40 Hours Weekly   
**Job ID: 203161** **Registered Nurse Behavioral Adult / Borgess Medical Center / FT Evening / 40 Hours Weekly** **Kalamazoo, Michigan** **Regular/Evening** **Additional Job Information** **Title:** Registered Nurse Behavioral Adult **City, State:** Kalamazoo, MI **Location:** Borgess Medical Center **Department:** Adlt Psychiatry Nrsng Unit 001 **Additional Job Details:** FT Evening, 40 Hours Weekly **Marketing Statement** Based in Kalamazoo, Borgess provides care for nearly 1 million people annually in cardiac, neurologic, orthopedic, vascular and bariatric services, among others. We are one of the region’s largest health systems and employers and have been serving as part of Ascension since 1999. **Job Description** **Job Summary:** The Registered Nurse Behavioral Adult provides professional nursing care within Borgess Medical Center. The practice of professional nursing is the systematic application of specialized knowledge and skill, derived from the biological, physical, and behavioral sciences to the care, treatment, counsel and health teaching of individuals who are experiencing changes in normal health processes or who require assistance in the maintenance of health and the prevention or management of illness, injury or disability and demonstrates this through the application of the Standards of Clinical Nursing Practice and Standards of Professional Performance defined by the American Nurses Association. Recognizes that each patient is a unique individual and has the right to quality nursing care that ensures mutual goal setting between the Registered Nurse and the patient and assures patient rights and privacy are protected. Recognizing personal, interpersonal, and social systems, the nursing process facilitates the promotion, maintenance and restoration of an individual’s health, incorporating knowledge of growth and development through the life span. The scope of nursing practice includes the teaching, direction, and supervision of less skilled personnel in the performance of delegated nursing activities. May delegate the acts, tasks or functions and bears the responsibility for the acts, tasks, or functions within the scope of delegation. Accountable to the ethical and professional standards as defined in the ANA Code for Nurses, the ANA Nursing’s Social Policy Statement, the State of Michigan Public Health Code, and the ANA and Specialty Nursing Standards of Clinical Practice. Accountable to the standards set by BMC as defined in the Administrative, Patient Care and Biosafety Policy and Procedure Manuals. Accountable to adhering to the standards set by regulatory agencies such as but not limited to the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), Conditions of Participation of Healthcare Finance Administration (HCFA), and Michigan Occupational Health and Safety (MOSHA). These accountabilities require individual competence in nursing practice, and the recognition and responsible acceptance of individual actions and judgments. Must adhere to the additional educational and competency requirements that are listed in the addendum for each department in which they will be working. Knowledgeable of nursing practice, procedures, competencies, and patient care standards as well as regulations and guidelines pertaining to nursing care. **Responsibilities:** + In collaboration with the patient and/or family, and healthcare team, participates in open discussion to identify mutual goals based on the nursing assessment and nursing diagnosis. + Diagnoses, treats and evaluates the human response to actual or potential health problems/needs. + Evaluates the outcomes of the nursing plan of care and revises it as necessary. + Assesses, detects, monitors and attempts to prevent complications associated with health situations or treatment plans. + Implements physicians' orders using nursing judgment through nursing interventions and coordination of others to do the same. + Notifies the physician of patient condition and response to nursing intervention appropriately and documents this action. + Responsible for delegation to other licensed and unlicensed care providers based on clinical nursing judgment and skill of the care provider. + The above is intended to describe the general content of and requirements for the performance of this job. It is not to be construed as an exhaustive statement of duties, responsibilities or requirements. **Qualifications** **Licenses/Certifications/Registration:** + **Required Credential(s):** + BLS Provider credentialed from the American Heart Association (AHA) obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. + Certification specializing in Crisis Prevention obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. + Finger Printing obtained prior to hire date or job transfer date. + Licensed Registered Nurse obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. **Education:** + The Registered Nurse must have an Associates of Applied Science in Nursing (AAS) Degree or Bachelors of Science in Nursing (BSN) or RN Diploma at start date. + BSN is required within six (6) years of start date. Incumbents hired into position prior to 1/1/2015 are grandfathered with their existing educational degrees. **Work Experience:** + BSN preferred. + Psychiatric experience preferred. **How To Apply** For questions or assistance with completing the online application, please contact Ascension Candidate Care at 855-778-6037. **Equal Employment Opportunity** Borgess Health is an equal opportunity employer, dedicated to the nondiscrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, age, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, disability, veteran or marital status. Please note that Ascension will make an offer of employment only to individuals who have applied for a position using our official application. Be on alert for possible fraudulent offers of employment. Ascension will not solicit money or banking information from applicants.
          As Iraqi troops near, ISIS leaves death and destruction in Mosul   

It's 110 degrees Fahrenheit , nearly every building is smashed to pieces and there is a constant thud of explosions. But all that fades into the background as the stench of death comes closer and closer.


          GM's John Quattrone retiring as HR chief   
John Quattrone, whom GM tapped in 2014 to help lead a cultural transformation amid the ignition-switch crisis, will be succeeded by Jose Tomas, a former executive at insurer Anthem and Burger King.

          Análisis de una cuenta PAMM (gestor) de Alpari   

En este artículo vamos a explicar como realizar el análisis de una cuenta PAMM (gestor) del broker Alpari, utilizando los datos y estadísticas de rendimiento que proporciona esta compañía. El sistema de cuentas PAMM de este broker es uno de los más antiguos (funciona desde el 2010) y es uno de los más populares, ya que cuenta con miles de inversores de todas partes del mundo así como con literalmente cientos de gestores, muchos de los cuales son una buena [...] Continuar Leyendo

          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Shelter Coordinator   
To provide supervision of shelter services components to shelter for optimum efficiency. QUALIFICATIONS:olliAssociate degree in office administration, business or related field required or equivalent. Bachelor’s degree in related field preferred./liliOne year administrative duties,( including data entry, answering phones, providing direct administrative support to Management level staff and face to face customer service) required; three years or more experience preferred./liliAt least one year of experience in human services and/or working in a non for profit preferred./liliMust possess exceptional organizational skills, proficient data entry and the ability to produce concise and professional reports./liliDemonstrated ability to work with people of diverse backgrounds./liliDemonstrated ability to make sound decisions and respond capably in stressful situations, and to understand and work within organizational structure, customs, practices, policies and procedures./liliDiplomacy and discretion are essential./liliStrong leadership skills, willingness to take direction, flexibility, ability to be productive in a public work space, high ethical standards and common sense are all required./liliSatisfactory response to criminal and child abuse and neglect history checks./li/ol The following statements are intended to describe the general nature and level of work being performed. They are not intended to be construed as an exhaustive list of all responsibilities, duties and skills required. RESPONSIBILITIES:olliProvide direct service to program participants as needed./liliProvide crisis intervention, information and referral, and business response as needed./liliTrain, supervise and evaluate Residential Services Specialist staff and volunteers, following YWCA guidelines, procedures and practices. Hold regular and periodic staff meetings and arrange in-service training./liliManage and maintain records for the Association related to both programs./liliCoordinate schedules for Residential Services Staff and ensure proper desk coverage./liliProvide desk coverage./liliSchedule staff appointments as needed./liliImplement Association standards for customer service, reception and clerical support needs./liliAssist in maintaining program area physical plant operations, including maintenance, security, housekeeping, supplies, equipment and inventory./liliAssist other staff in meeting emergency and ongoing physical, social and emotional needs of program participants./liliSafeguard confidential information gained as a result of the position./liliComply with Association policy regarding required reporting of child abuse./liliComply with applicable local, state and federal licensing requirements/certification and/or regulations./liliAs a YWCA employee, project a positive image of the Association and its programs to the community, the Association and the program./liliWork cooperatively with program participants, YWCA staff and volunteers./liliPerform other duties as assigned./li/ol TRAINING REQUIREMENTS:olliFamiliarization with YWCA Personnel Policies and Mission./liliAppropriate training and in-service which will occur during employment./li/ol
          PENCEMARAN AIR   
Nama :M Dwi Kurniyarto
No :15
Kelas :XI ips 4-2012

PENCEMARAN AIR :
SUMBER, DAMPAK DAN PENANGGULANGANNYA


PENGERTIAN PENCEMARAN AIR

1. Apa yang disebut Pencemaran Air ?
Istilah pencemaran air atau polusi air dapat dipersepsikan berbeda oleh satu orang dengan orang lainnya mengingat banyak pustaka acuan yang merumuskan definisi istilah tersebut, baik dalam kamus atau buku teks ilmiah. Pengertian pencemaran air juga didefinisikan dalam Peraturan Pemerintah, sebagai turunan dari pengertian pencemaran lingkungan hidup yang didefinisikan dalam undang-undang. Dalam praktek operasionalnya, pencemaran lingkungan hidup tidak pernah ditunjukkan secara utuh, melainkan sebagai pencemaraan dari komponen-komponen lingkungan hidup, seperti pencemaran air, pencemaran air laut, pencemaran air tanah dan pencemaran udara. Dengan demikian, definisi pencemaran air mengacu pada definisi lingkungan hidup yang ditetapkan dalam UU tentang lingkungan hidup yaitu UU No. 23/1997.
Dalam PP No. 20/1990 tentang Pengendalian Pencemaran Air, pencemaran air didefinisikan sebagai : “pencemaran air adalah masuknya atau dimasukkannya mahluk hidup, zat, energi dan atau komponen lain ke dalam air oleh kegiaan manusia sehingga kualitas air turun sampai ke tingkat tertentu yang menyebabkan air tidak berfungsi lagi sesuai dengan peruntukannya” (Pasal 1, angka 2). Definisi pencemaran air tersebut dapat diuraikan sesuai makna pokoknya menjadi 3 (tga) aspek, yaitu aspek kejadian, aspek penyebab atau pelaku dan aspek akibat (Setiawan, 2001).
Berdasarkan definisi pencemaran air, penyebab terjadinya pencemaran dapat berupa masuknya mahluk hidup, zat, energi atau komponen lain ke dalam air sehingga menyebabkan kualitas air tercemar. Masukan tersebut sering disebut dengan istilah unsur pencemar, yang pada prakteknya masukan tersebut berupa buangan yang bersifat rutin, misalnya buangan limbah cair. Aspek pelaku/penyebab dapat yang disebabkan oleh alam, atau oleh manusia. Pencemaran yang disebabkan oleh alam tidak dapat berimplikasi hukum, tetapi Pemerintah tetap harus menanggulangi pencemaran tersebut. Sedangkan aspek akibat dapat dilihat berdasarkan penurunan kualitas air sampai ke tingkat tertentu. Pengertian tingkat tertentu dalam definisi tersebut adalah tingkat kualitas air yang menjadi batas antara tingkat tak-cemar (tingkat kualitas air belum sampai batas) dan tingkat cemar (kualitas air yang telah sampai ke batas atau melewati batas). Ada standar baku mutu tertentu untuk peruntukan air. Sebagai contoh adalah pada UU Kesehatan No. 23 tahun 1992 ayat 3 terkandung makna bahwa air minum yang dikonsumsi masyarakat, harus memenuhi persyaratan kualitas maupun kuantitas, yang persyaratan kualitas tettuang dalam Peraturan Mentri Kesehatan No. 146 tahun 1990 tentang syarat-syarat dan pengawasan kualitas air. Sedangkan parameter kualitas air minum/air bersih yang terdiri dari parameter kimiawi, fisik, radioaktif dan mikrobiologi, ditetapkan dalam PERMENKES 416/1990 (Achmadi, 2001).

2.2. Indikator Pencemaran Air
Indikator atau tanda bahwa air lingkungan telah tercemar adalah adanya perubahan atau tanda yang dapat diamati yang dapat digolongkan menjadi :
- Pengamatan secara fisis, yaitu pengamatan pencemaran air berdasarkan tingkat kejernihan air (kekeruhan), perubahan suhu, warna dan adanya perubahan warna, bau dan rasa
- Pengamatan secara kimiawi, yaitu pengamatan pencemaran air berdasarkan zat kimia yang terlarut, perubahan pH
- Pengamatan secara biologis, yaitu pengamatan pencemaran air berdasarkan mikroorganisme yang ada dalam air, terutama ada tidaknya bakteri pathogen.
Indikator yang umum diketahui pada pemeriksaan pencemaran air adalah pH atau konsentrasi ion hydrogen, oksigen terlarut (Dissolved Oxygen, DO), kebutuhan oksigen biokimia (Biochemiycal Oxygen Demand, BOD) serta kebutuhan oksigen kimiawi (Chemical Oxygen Demand, COD).
Oksigen terlarut (DO)
Tanpa adanya oksegen terlarut, banyak mikroorganisme dalam air tidak dapat hidup karena oksigen terlarut digunakan untuk proses degradasi senyawa organic dalam air. Oksigen dapat dihasilkan dari atmosfir atau dari reaksi fotosintesa algae. Oksigen yang dihasilkan dari reaksi fotosintesa algae tidak efisien, karena oksigen yang terbentuk akan digunakan kembali oleh algae untuk proses metabolisme pada saat tidak ada cahaya. Kelarutan oksigen dalam air tergantung pada temperature dan tekanan atmosfir. Berdasarkan data-data temperature dan tekanan, maka kalarutan oksigen jenuh dalam air pada 25o C dan tekanan 1 atmosfir adalah 8,32 mg/L (Warlina, 1985).
Kadar oksigen terlarut yang tinggi tidak menimbulkan pengaruh fisiologis bagi manusia. Ikan dan organisme akuatik lain membutuhkan oksigen terlarut dengan jumlah cukup banyak. Kebutuhan oksigen ini bervariasi antar organisme. Keberadaan logam berta yang berlebihan di perairan akan mempengaruhi system respirasi organisme akuatik, sehingga pada saat kadar oksigen terlarut rendah dan terdapat logam berat dengan konsentrasi tinggi, organisme akuatik menjadi lebih menderita (Tebbut, 1992 dalam Effendi, 2003).
Pada siang hari, ketika matahari bersinar terang, pelepasan oksigen oleh proses fotosintesa yang berlangsung intensif pada lapisan eufotik lebih besar daripada oksigen yang dikonsumsi oleh proses respirasi. Kadar oksigen terlarut dapat melebihi kadar oksigen jenuh, sehingga perairan mengalami supersaturasi. Sedangkan pada malam hari, tidak ada fotosintesa, tetapi respirasi terus berlangsung. Pola perubahan kadar oksigen ini mengakibatkan terjadinya fluktuasi harian oksigen pada lapisan eufotik perairan. Kadar oksigen maksimum terjadi pada sore hari dan minimum pada pagi hari.
Kebutuhan Oksigen Biokimia (BOD)
Dekomposisi bahan organic terdiri atas 2 tahap, yaitu terurainya bahan organic menjadi anorganik dan bahan anorganik yang tidak stabil berubah menjadi bahan anorganik yang stabil, misalnya ammonia mengalami oksidasi menjadi nitrit atau nitrat (nitrifikasi). Pada penentuan nilai BOD, hanya dekomposisi tahap pertama ynag berperan, sedangkan oksidasi bahan anorganik (nitrifikasi) dianggap sebagai zat pengganggu.
Dengan demikian, BOD adalah banyaknya oksigen yang dibutuhkan oleh mikroorganisme dalam lingkungan air untuk memecah (mendegradasi) bahan buangan organic yang ada dalam air menjadi karbondioksida dan air. Pada dasarnya, proses oksidasi bahan organic berlangsung cukup lama. Menurut Sawyer dan McCarty, 1978 (Effendi, 2003) proses penguraian bahan buangan organic melalui proses oksidasi oleh mikroorganisme atau oleh bakteri aerobic adalah :
CnHaObNc + (n + a/4 – b/2 – 3c/4) O2 → n CO2 + (a/2 – 3c/2) H2O + c NH3
Bahan organic oksigen bakteri aerob

Untuk kepentingan praktis, proses oksidasi dianggap lengkap selama 20 hari, tetapi penentuan BOD selama 20 hari dianggap masih cukup lama. Penentuan BOD ditetapkan selam 5 hari inkubasi, maka biasa disebut BOD5. Selain memperpendek waktu yang diperlukan, hal ini juga dimaksudkan untuk meminimumkan pengaruh oksidasi ammonia yang menggunakan oksigen juga. Selama 5 hari masa inkubasi, diperkirakan 70% - 80% bahan organic telah mengalami oksidasi. (Effendi, 2003).
Jumlah mikroorganisme dalam air lingkungan tergantung pada tingkat kebersihan air. Air yang bersih relative mengandung mikroorganisme lebih sedikit dibandingkan yang tercemar. Air yang telah tercemar oleh bahan buangan yang bersifat antiseptic atau bersifat racun, seperti fenol, kreolin, detergen, asam cianida, insektisida dan sebagainya, jumlah mikroorganismenya juga relative sedikit. Sehingga makin besar kadar BOD nya, maka merupakan indikasi bahwa perairan tersebut telah tercemar, sebagai contoh adalah kadar maksimum BOD5 yang diperkenankan untuk kepentingan air minum dan menopang kehidupan organisme akuatik adalah 3,0 – 6,0 mg/L berdasarkan UNESCO/WHO/UNEP, 1992. Sedangkan berdasarkan Kep.51/MENKLH/10/1995 nilai BOD5 untuk baku mutu limbah cair bagi kegiatan industri golongan I adalah 50 mg/L dan golongan II adalah 150 mg/L.

Kebutuhan Oksigen Kimiawi (COD)
COD adalah jumlah oksigen yang diperlukan agar bahan buangan yang ada dalam air dapat teroksidasi melalui reaksi kimia baik yang dapat didegradasi secara biologis maupun yang sukar didegradasi. Bahan buangan organic tersebut akan dioksidasi oleh kalium bichromat yang digunakan sebagai sumber oksigen (oxidizing agent) menjadi gas CO2 dan gas H2O serta sejumlah ion chrom. Reaksinya sebagai berikut :
HaHbOc + Cr2O7 2- + H + → CO2 + H2O + Cr 3+
Jika pada perairan terdapat bahan organic yang resisten terhadap degradasi biologis, misalnya tannin, fenol, polisacharida dansebagainya, maka lebih cocok dilakukan pengukuran COD daripada BOD. Kenyataannya hampir semua zat organic dapat dioksidasi oleh oksidator kuat seperti kalium permanganat dalam suasana asam, diperkirakan 95% - 100% bahan organic dapat dioksidasi.
Seperti pada BOD, perairan dengan nilai COD tinggi tidak diinginkan bagi kepentingan perikanan dan pertanian. Nilai COD pada perairan yang tidak tercemar biasanya kurang dari 20 mg/L, sedangkan pada perairan tercemar dapat lebih dari 200 mg/L dan pada limbah industri dapat mencapai 60.000 mg/L (UNESCO,WHO/UNEP, 1992).

III. SUMBER PENCEMARAN AIR

Banyak penyebab sumber pencemaran air, tetapi secara umum dapat dikategorikan menjadi 2 (dua) yaitu sumber kontaminan langsung dan tidak langsung. Sumber langsung meliputi efluen yang keluar dari industri, TPA sampah, rumah tangga dan sebagainya. Sumber tak langsung adalah kontaminan yang memasuki badan air dari tanah, air tanah atau atmosfir berupa hujan (Pencemaran Ling. Online, 2003). Pada dasarnya sumber pencemaran air berasal dari industri, rumah tangga dan pertanian. Tanah dan air tanah mengandung sisa dari aktivitas pertanian misalnya pupuk dan pestisida. Kontaminan dari atmosfir juga berasal dari aktifitas manusia yaitu pencemaran udara yang menghasilkan hujan asam.
Pengaruh bahan pencemar yang berupa gas, bahan terlarut, dan partikulat terhadap lingkungan perairan dan kesehatan manusia dapat ditunjukkan secara skematik sebagai berikut :

Gambar : Bagan Pengaruh Beberapa Jenis Bahan Pencemar terhadap
Lingkungan Perairan


3.1. Komponen Pencemaran Air
Saat ini hampir 10 juta zat kimia telah dikenal manusia, dan hampir 100.000 zat kimia telah digunakan secara komersial. Kebanyakan sisa zat kimia tersebut dibuang ke badan air atau air tanah. Sebagai contoh adalah pestisida yang biasa digunakan di pertanian, industri atau rumah tangga, detergen yang biasa digunakan di rumah tangga atau PCBs yang biasa digunakan pada alat-alat elektronik.
Erat kaitannya dengan masalah indikator pencemaran air, ternyata komponen pencemaran air turut menentukan bagaimana indikator tersebut terjadi. Menurut Wardhana (1995), komponen pencemaran air dapat dikelompokkan sebagai bahan buangan:
1. padat
2. organic dan olahan bahan makanan
3. anorganik
4. cairan berminyak
5. berupa panas
6. zat kimia.

3.1.1. Bahan buangan padat
Yang dimaksud bahan buangan padat adalah adalah bahan buangan yang berbentuk padat, baik yang kasar atau yang halus, misalnya sampah. Buangan tersebut bila dibuang ke air menjadi pencemaran dan akan menimbulkan pelarutan, pengendapan ataupun pembentukan koloidal.
Apabila bahan buangan padat tersebut menimbulkan pelarutan, maka kepekatan atau berat jenis air akan naik. Kadang-kadang pelarutan ini disertai pula dengan perubahan warna air. Air yang mengandung larutan pekat dan berwarna gelap akan mengurangi penetrasi sinar matahari ke dalam air. Sehingga proses fotosintesa tanaman dalam air akan terganggu. Jumlah oksigen terlarut dalam air menjadi berkurang, kehidupan organisme dalam air juga terganggu.
Terjadinya endapan di dasar perairan akan sangat mengganggu kehidupan organisme dalam air, karena endapan akan menutup permukaan dasar air yang mungkin mengandung telur ikan sehingga tidak dapat menetas. Selain itu, endapan juga dapat menghalangi sumber makanan ikan dalam air serta menghalangi datangnya sinar matahari.
Pembentukan koloidal terjadi bila buangan tersebut berbentuk halus, sehingga sebagian ada yang larut dan sebagian lagi ada yang melayang-layang sehingga air menjadi keruh. Kekeruhan ini juga menghalangi penetrasi sinar matahari, sehingga menghambat fotosintesa dan berkurangnya kadar oksigen dalam air.

3.1.2. Bahan buangan organic dan olahan bahan makanan
Bahan buangan organic umumnya berupa limbah yang dapat membusuk atau terdegradasi oleh mikroorganisme, sehingga bila dibuang ke perairan akan menaikkan populasi mikroorganisme. Kadar BOD dalam hal ini akan naik. Tidak tertutup kemungkinan dengan berambahnya mikroorganisme dapat berkembang pula bakteri pathogen yang berbahaya bagi manusia. Demikian pula untuk buangan olahan bahan makanan yang sebenarnya adalah juga bahan buangan organic yang baunya lebih menyengat. Umumnya buangan olahan makanan mengandung protein dan gugus amin, maka bila didegradasi akan terurai menjadi senyawa yang mudah menguap dan berbau busuk (misal. NH3).

3.1.3. Bahan buangan anorganik
Bahan buangan anorganik sukar didegradasi oleh mikroorganisme, umumnya adalah logam. Apabila masuk ke perairan, maka akan terjadi peningkatan jumlah ion logam dalam air. Bahan buangan anorganik ini biasanya berasal dari limbah industri yag melibatkan penggunaan unsure-unsur logam seperti timbal (Pb), Arsen (As), Cadmium (Cd), air raksa atau merkuri (Hg), Nikel (Ni), Calsium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg) dll.
Kandungan ion Mg dan Ca dalam air akan menyebabkan air bersifat sadah. Kesadahan air yang tinggi dapat merugikan karena dapat merusak peralatan yang terbuat dari besi melalui proses pengkaratan (korosi). Juga dapat menimbulkan endapan atau kerak pada peralatan.
Apabila ion-ion logam berasal dari logam berat maupun yang bersifat racun seperti Pb, Cd ataupun Hg, maka air yang mengandung ion-ion logam tersebut sangat berbahaya bagi tubuh manusia, air tersebut tidak layak minum.

3.1.4. Bahan buangan cairan berminyak
Bahan buangan berminyak yang dibuang ke air lingkungan akan mengapung menutupi permukaan air. Jika bahan buangan minyak mengandung senyawa yang volatile, maka akan terjadi penguapan dan luas permukaan minyak yang menutupi permukaan air akan menyusut. Penyusutan minyak ini tergantung pada jenis minyak dan waktu. Lapisan minyak pada permukaan air dapat terdegradasi oleh mikroorganisme tertentu, tetapi membutuhkan waktu yang lama.
Lapisan minyak di permukaan akan mengganggu mikroorganisme dalam air. Ini disebabkan lapisan tersebut akan menghalangi diffusi oksigen dari udara ke dalam air, sehingga oksigen terlarut akan berkurang. Juga lapisan tersebut akan menghalangi masuknya sinar matahari ke dalam air, sehingga fotosintesapun terganggu. Selain itu, burungpun ikut terganggu, karena bulunya jadi lengket, tidak dapat mengembang lagi akibat kena minyak.

3.1.5. Bahan buangan berupa panas (polusi thermal)
Perubahan kecil pada temperatur air lingkungan bukan saja dapat menghalau ikan atau spesies lainnya, namun juga akan mempercepat proses biologis pada tumbuhan dan hewan bahkan akan menurunkan tingkat oksigen dalam air. Akibatnya akan terjadi kematian pada ikan atau akan terjadi kerusakan ekosistem. Untuk itu, polusi thermal inipun harus dihindari. Sebaiknya industri-industri jika akan membuang air buangan ke perairan harus memperhatikan hal ini.

3.1.6. Bahan buangan zat kimia
Bahan buangan zat kimia banyak ragamnya, tetapi dalam bahan pencemar air ini akan dikelompokkan menjadi :
a. Sabun (deterjen, sampo dan bahan pembersih lainnya),
b. Bahan pemberantas hama (insektisida),
c. Zat warna kimia,
d. Zat radioaktif
a. Sabun
Adanya bahan buangan zat kimia yang berupa sabun (deterjen, sampo dan bahan pembersih lainnya) yang berlebihan di dalam air ditandai dengan timbulnya buih-buih sabun pada permukaan air. Sebenarnya ada perbedaan antara sabun dan deterjen serta bahan pembersih lainnya. Sabun berasal dari asam lemak (stearat, palmitat atau oleat) yang direaksikan dengan basa Na(OH) atau K(OH), berdasarkan reaksi kimia berikut ini :
C17H35COOH + Na(OH) → C17H35COONa + H2O
Asam stearat basa sabun
Sabun natron (sabun keras) adalah garam natrium asam lemak seperti pada contoh reaksi di atas. Sedangkan sabun lunak adalah garam kalium asam lemak yang diperoleh dari reaksi asam lemak dengan basa K(OH). Sabun lemak diberi pewarna yang menarik dan pewangi (parfum) yang enak serta bahan antiseptic seperti pada sabun mandi. Beberapa sifat sabun antara lain adalah sebagai berikut :
a. Larutan sabun mempunyai sifat membersihkan karena dapat mengemulsikan
kotoran yang melekat pada badan atau pakaian
b. Sabun dengan air sadah tidak dapat membentuk busa, tapi akan membentuk
endapan :
2 (C17H35COONa) + CaSO4 → (C17H35COO)2Ca + Na2SO4
endapan
c. Larutan sabun bereaksi basa karena terjadi hidrolisis sebagian.
Sedangkan deterjen adalah juga bahan pembersih sepeti halnya sabun, akan tetapi dibuat dari senyawa petrokimia. Deterjen mempunyai kelebihan dibandingkan dengan sabun, karena dapat bekerja pada air sadah. Bahan deterjen yang umum digunakan adalah dedocylbenzensulfonat. Deterjen dalam air akan mengalami ionisassi membentuk komponen bipolar aktif yang akan mengikat ion Ca dan/atau ion Mg pada air sadah. Komponen bipolar aktif terbentuk pada ujung dodecylbenzen-sulfonat. Untuk dapat membersihkan kotoran dengan baik, deterjen diberi bahan pembentuk yang bersifat alkalis. Contoh bahan pembentuk yang bersifat alkalis adalah natrium tripoliposfat.
Bahan buangan berupa sabun dan deterjen di dalam air lingkungan akan mengganggu karena alasan berikut :
a. Larutan sabun akan menaikkan pH air sehingga dapat menggangg kehidupan
organisme di dalam air. Deterjen yang menggunakan bahan non-Fosfat akan
menaikkan pH air sampai sekitar 10,5-11
b. Bahan antiseptic yang ditambahkan ke dalam sabun/deterjen juga mengganggu
kehidupan mikro organisme di dalam air, bahkan dapat mematikan
c. Ada sebagian bahan sabun atau deterjen yang tidak dapat dipecah (didegradasi)
oleh mikro organisme yang ada di dalam air. Keadaan ini sudah barang tentu
akan merugikan lingkungan. Namun akhir-akhir ini mulai banyak digunakan
bahan sabun/deterjen yang dapat didegradsi oleh mikroorganisme

b. Bahan pemberantas Hama
Pemakaian bahan pemberantas hama (insektisida) pada lahan pertanian seringkali mekiputi daerah yang sangat luas, sehingga sisa insektisida pada daerah pertanian tersebut cukup banyak. Sisa bahan insektisida tersebut dapat sampai ke air lingkungan melalui pengairan sawah, melalui hujan yang jatuh pada daerah pertanian kemudian mengalir ke sungai atau danau di sekitarnya. Seperti halnya pada pencemaran udara, semua jenis bahan insektisida bersifat racun apabila sampai kedalam air lingkungan.
Bahan insektisida dalam air sulit untuk dipecah oleh mikroorganisme, kalaupun biasanya hal itu akan berlangsung dalam waktu yang lama. Waktu degradasi oleh mikroorganisme berselang antara beberapa minggu sampai dengan beberapa tahun. Bahan insektisida seringkali dicampur dengan senyawa minyak bumi sehingga air yang terkena bahan buangan pemberantas hama ini permukaannya akan tertutup lapisan minyak
c. Zat Warna Kimia
Zat warna dipakai hampir pada semua industri. Tanpa memakai zat warna, hasil atau produk industri tidak menarik. Oleh karena itu hampir semua produk memanfaatkannya agar produk itu dapat dipasarkan dengan mudah.
Pada dasarnya semua zat warna adalah racun bagi tubuh manusia. Oleh karena itu pencemaran zat warna ke air lingkungan perlu mendapat perhatian sunggh-sungguh agar tidak sampai masuk ke dalam tubuh manusia melalui air minum. Ada zat warna tertentu yang relatif aman bagi manusia, yaitu zat warna yang digunakan pada industri bahan makanan dan minuman, industri farmasi/obat-obatan.
Zat warna tersusun dari chromogen dan auxochrome. Chromogen merupakan senyawa aromatic yang berisi chromopore, yaitu zat pemberi warna yang berasal dari radikal kimia, misal kelompok nitroso (-NO), kelompok azo (-N=N-), kelompok etilen (>C=C<) dan lain lain. Macam-macam warna dapat diperoleh dari penggabungan radikal kimia tersebut di atas dengan senyawa lain. Sedangkan auxochrome adalah radikal yang memudahkan terjadinya pelarutan, sehingga zat warna dapat mudah meresap dengan baik ke dalam bahan yang akan diberi warna. Contoh auxochrome adalah –COOH atau –SO3H atau kelompok pembentuk garam –NH2 atau –OH.
Zat warna dapat pula diperoleh dari senyawa anorganik dan mineral alam yang disebut dengan pigmen. Ada pula bahan tambahan yang digunakan sesuai dengan fungsinya, misalnya bahan pembentuk lapisan film (misal, bahan vernis, emulsi lateks), bahan pengencer (misal, terpentin, naftalen), bahan pengering (missal, Co, Mn, naftalen), bahan anti mengelupas (missal, polihidroksi fenol) dan bahan pembentuk elastic (misal, minyak).
Berdasarkan bahan susunan zat warna dan bahan-bahan yang ditambahkan, dapat dimengerti bahwa hampir semua zat warna kimia adalah racun. Apabila masuk ke dalam tubuh manusia dapat bersifat cocarcinogenik, yaitu merangsang tumbuhnya kanker. Oleh sebab itu, pembuangan zat kimia ke air lingkungan sangatlah berbahaya. Selain sifatnya racun, zat warna kimia juga akan mempengaruhi kandungan oksigen dalam air mempengaruhi pH air lingkungan, yang menjadikan gangguan bagi mikroorganisme dan hewan air.
d. Zat radioaktif
Tidak tertutup kemungkanan adanya pembuangan sisa zat radioaktif ke air lingkungan secara langsung. Ini dimungkinkan karena aplikasi teknologi nuklir yang menggunakan zat radioaktif pada berbagai bidang sudah banyak dikembangkan, sebagai contoh adalah aplikasi teknologinuklir pada bidang pertanian, kedokteran, farmasi dan lain lain. Adanya zat radioaktif dalam air lingkungan jelas sangat membahayakan bagi lingkungan dan manusia. Zat radioaktif dapat menimbulkan kerusakan biologis baik melalui efek langsung atau efek tertunda.

IV. DAMPAK PENCEMARAN AIR

Pencemaran air dapat berdampak sangat luas, misalnya dapat meracuni air minum, meracuni makanan hewan, menjadi penyebab ketidak seimbangan ekosistem sungai dan danau, pengrusakan hutan akibat hujan asam dsb.
Di badan air, sungai dan danau, nitrogen dan fosfat dari kegiatan pertanian telah menyebabkan pertumbuhan tanaman air yang di luar kendali yang disebut eutrofikasi (eutrofication). Ledakan pertumbuhan tersebut menyebabkan oksigen yang seharusnya digunakan bersama oleh seluruh hewan/tumbuhan air, menjadi berkurang. Ketika tanaman air tersebut mati, dekomposisinya menyedot lebih banyak oksigen. Akibatnya ikan akan mati dan aktivitas bakteri akan menurun.
Dampak pencemaran air pada umumnya dibagi dalam 4 kategori (KLH, 2004)
- dampak terhadap kehidupan biota air
- dampak terhadap kualitas air tanah
- dampak terhadap kesehatan
- dampak terhadap estetika lingkungan


4.1. Dampak terhadap kehidupan biota air
Banyaknya zat pencemar pada air limbah akan menyebabkan menurunnya kadar oksigen terlarut dalam air tersebut. Sehingga akan mengakibatkan kehidupan dalam air yang membutuhkan oksigen terganggu serta mengurangi perkembangannya. Selain itu kematian dapat pula disebabkan adanya zat beracun yang juga menyebabkan kerusakan pada tanaman dan tumbuhan air.
Akibat matinya bakteri-bakteri, maka proses penjernihan air secara alamiah yang seharusnya terjadi pada air limbah juga terhambat. Dengan air limbah menjadi sulit terurai. Panas dari industri juaga akan membawa dampak bagi kematian organisme, apabila air limbah tidak didinginkan dahulu.
4.2. Dampak terhadap kualitas air tanah
Pencemaran air tanah oleh tinja yang biasa diukur dengan faecal coliform telah terjadi dalam skala yang luas, hal ini telah dibuktikan oleh suatu survey sumur dangkal di Jakarta. Banyak penelitian yang mengindikasikan terjadinya pencemaran tersebut.
4.3. Dampak terhadap kesehatan
Peran air sebagai pembawa penyakit menular bermacam-macam antara lain :
- air sebagai media untuk hidup mikroba pathogen
- air sebagai sarang insekta penyebar penyakit
- jumlah air yang tersedia tak cukup, sehingga manusia bersangkutan tak dapat membersihkan diri
- air sebagai media untuk hidup vector penyakit
Ada beberapa penyakit yang masuk dalam katagori water-borne diseases, atau penyakit-penyakit yang dibawa oleh air, yang masih banyak terdapat di daerah-daerah. Penyakit-penyakit ini dapat menyebar bila mikroba penyebabnya dapat masuk ke dalam sumber air yang dipakai masyarakat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sehari-hari. Sedangkan jenis mikroba yang dapat menyebar lewat air antara lain, bakteri, protozoa dan metazoa.
4.4. Dampak terhadap estetika lingkungan
Dengan semakin banyaknya zat organic yang dibuang ke lingkungan perairan, maka perairan tersebut akan semakin tercemar yang biasanya ditandai dengan bau yang menyengat disamping tumpukan yang dapat mengurangi estetika lingkungan. Masalah limbah minyak atau lemak juga dapat mengurangi estetika. Selain bau, limbah tersebut juga menyebabkan tempat sekitarnya menjadi licin. Sedangkan limbah detergen atau sabun akan menyebabkan penumpukan busa yang sangat banyak. Inipun dapat mengurangi estetika.

V. PENANGGULANGANGAN PENCEMARAN AIR

Pengendalian/penanggulangan pencemaran air di Indonesia telah diatur melalui Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 82 tahun 2001 tentang Pengelolaan Kualitas dan Pengendalian Pencemaran Air. Secara umum hal ini meliputi pencemaran air baik oleh instansi ataupun non-instansi. Salah satu upaya serius yang telah dilakukan Pemerintah dalam pengendalian pencemaran air adalah melalui Program Kali Bersih (PROKASIH). Program ini merupakan upaya untuk menurunkan beban limbah cair khususnya yang berasal dari kegiatan usaha skala menengah dan besar, serta dilakukan secara bwertahap untuk mengendalikan beban pencemaran dari sumber-sumber lainnya. Program ini juga berusaha untuk menata pemukiman di bantaran sungai dengan melibatkan masyarakat setempat (KLH, 2004).
Pada prinsipnya ada 2 (dua) usaha untuk menanggulangi pencemaran, yaitu penanggulangan secara non-teknis dan secara teknis. Penanggulangan secara non-teknis yaitu suatu usaha untuk mengurangi pencemaran lingkungan dengan cara menciptakan peraturan perundangan yang dapat merencanakan, mengatur dan mengawasi segala macam bentuk kegiatan industri dan teknologi sehingga tidak terjadi pencemaran. Peraturan perundangan ini hendaknya dapat memberikan gambaran secara jelas tentang kegiatan industri yang akan dilaksanakan, misalnya meliputi AMDAL, pengaturan dan pengawasan kegiatan dan menanamkan perilaku disiplin. Sedangkan penanggulangan secara teknis bersumber pada perlakuan industri terhadap perlakuan buangannya, misalnya dengan mengubah proses, mengelola limbah atau menambah alat bantu yang dapat mengurangi pencemaran.
Sebenarnya penanggulangan pencemaran air dapat dimulai dari diri kita sendiri. Dalam keseharian, kita dapat mengurangi pencemaran air dengan cara mengurangi produksi sampah (minimize) yang kita hasilkan setiap hari. Selain itu, kita dapat pula mendaur ulang (recycle) dan mendaur pakai (reuse) sampah tersebut.
Kitapun perlu memperhatikan bahan kimia yang kita buang dari rumah kita. Karena saat ini kita telah menjadi masyarakat kimia, yang menggunakan ratusan jenis zat kimia dalam keseharian kita, seperti mencuci, memasak, membersihkan rumah, memupuk tanaman, dan sebagainya. Kita harus bertanggung jawab terhadap berbagai sampah seperti makanan dalam kemasan kaleng, minuman dalam botol dan sebagainya, yang memuat unsur pewarna pada kemasannya dan kemudian terserap oleh air tanah pada tempat pembuangan akhir. Bahkan pilihan kita untuk bermobil atau berjalan kaki, turut menyumbangkan emisi asam atu hidrokarbon ke dalam atmosfir yang akhirnya berdampak pada siklus air alam.
Menjadi konsumen yang bertanggung jawab merupakan tindakan yang bijaksana. Sebagai contoh, kritis terhadap barang yang dikonsumsi, apakah nantinya akan menjadi sumber bencana yang persisten, eksplosif, korosif dan beracun atau degradable (dapat didegradasi alam)? Apakah barang yang kita konsumsi nantinya dapat meracuni manusia, hewan, dan tumbuhan aman bagi makhluk hidup dan lingkungan ?
Teknologi dapat kita gunakan untuk mengatasi pencemaran air. Instalasi pengolahan air bersih, instalasi pengolahan air limbah, yang dioperasikan dan dipelihara baik, mampu menghilangkan substansi beracun dari air yang tercemar. Dari segi kebijakan atau peraturanpun mengenai pencemaran air ini telah ada. Bila kita ingin benar-benar hal tersebut dapat dilaksanakan, maka penegakan hukumnya harus dilaksanakan pula. Pada akhirnya, banyak pilihan baik secara pribadi ataupun social (kolektif) yang harus ditetapkan, secara sadar maupun tidak, yang akan mempengaruhi tingkat pencemaran dimanapun kita berada. Walaupun demikian, langkah pencegahan lebih efektif dan bijaksana.
Melalui penanggulangan pencemaran ini diharapkan bahwa pencemaran akan berkurang dan kualitas hidup manusia akan lebih ditingkatkan, sehingga akan didapat sumber air yang aman, bersih dan sehat.
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Police involved shootings rulings questioned, hate crimes not being reported, Sessions and the Mary Jane debate continues, the fight over body cameras and police transparency, and more... 

POLICE CONDUCT

Perjury charge dropped against Texas trooper who stopped Sandra Bland (Houston Chronicle)

Charlotte's Citizens Review Board requests evidentiary hearing for Keith Scott case (TWCNews)

Jackson County jail guards took bribes to smuggle contraband, feds allege (KansasCity.com)

Three Chicago Cops Charged With Conspiracy to Cover Up Laquan McDonald Killing (NBC)

Officer used excessive force in several cases (Fox)

White St. Louis police officer shoots off-duty black officer (CBS)

More Than 100 Federal Agencies Fail to Report Hate Crimes to the FBI’s National Database (ProPublica)

CRIME RATE

Will Trump Use Science to Fight Crime? (TheCrimeReport.org)

STOPPING GUN CRIME: Revamped ballistics strategy targets Houston's serial shooters (Houston Chronicle) See Also: These 14 Facts Are Crucial to Understanding Gun Violence in America (TheTrace.org) And Also: Prof. Andrew Papachristos on Gun Violence and The Company You Keep (Vera.org)

When the Mailman Unwittingly Becomes a Drug Dealer (WSJ)

What Jeff Sessions Gets Wrong About Marijuana (Bloomberg)

Portland condemns apartment building because of frequent police visits (PressHearald.com)

‘NC is the only state where no doesn’t mean no’: Court case ruled women can’t back out of sex (NewsObserver.com)

POLICE TRANSPARENCY

How Body Cameras Affect Community Members’ Perceptions of Police (Urban.org)

The Right to Record and Police Accountability (CATO.org)

Bill should expand use of police body cameras in Pa., but limits release of video (PennLive.com) See Also: Opponents Say Police Body Cam Bill Hinders Access (Public News Service)


          PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH KOTORAN SAPI   
Yuliana Ema R
XI_is4-2012
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH KOTORAN SAPI SEBAGAI PENGGANTI BAHAN BAKAR RUMAH TANGGA YANG LEBIH MEMBERIKAN KEUNTUNGAN EKONOMIS

ABSTRAK
Kegiatan pembangunan peterkan perlu memperhatikan daya dukung dan kualitas lingkungan. Usaha peternakan sapi yang belum terlokalisasi akan menimbulkan pencemaran terhadap lingkungan. Pencemaran ini disebabkan oleh pengelolaan limbah yang belum dilakukan dengan baik, tetapi kalau dikelola dengan baik, limbah tersebut akan memberikan nilai tambah bagi usaha perternakan dan lingkungan disekitarnya. Sistem usaha peternakan dengan penerapan usaha pengelolaan limbah menjadi Biogas merupakan salah satu upaya untuk meminimalisasi limbah ternak dan tidak mencemari lingkugan. Penelitian mengenai pengelolaan limbah sapi ini dilakukan di Desa Pesanggrahan Dusun Toyomerto Kota Batu, Jawa timur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa manfaat ekonomis dari pengelolaan limbah sapi melalui penerapan pembuatan Biogas, system pengelolaan limbahnya, manfaat bagi lingkungan. Contoh dengan membandingkan penggunaan Biogas dengan minyak tanah dan bahan bakar lainya.
Kata kunci : Usaha peternakan sapi, limbah, Biogas, Batu

PENDAHULUAN
Meningkatnya kebutuhan hidup dan peningkatan harga Bahan Bakar Minyak (BBM) serta semakin berkurangnya sumber daya alam yang tidak terbaharui, maka perlu dicarikan suatu jalan alternatif guna mengganti sumber daya energi tersebut dengan sumber daya energi yang terbarukan. Kebutuhan energi tersebut sebenarnya tidak lain adalah energi yang dibutuhkan untuk menghasilkan dan mendistribusikan secara merata sarana-sarana pemenuhan kebutuhan pokok manusia
Berbagai macam bentuk energi telah digunakan manusia seperti batu bara, minyak bumi, dan gas alam yang merupakan bahan bakar yang tidak terbaharui. Selain itu, sumberdaya lainnya seperti kayu bakar saat ini masih digunakan, namun penggunaan kayu bakar tersebut mempunyai jumlah yang terbatas dengan semakin berkurangnya hutan sebagai sumber kayu. Dengan meningkatnya jumlah penduduk, 5
terutama yang tinggal di perdesaan, kebutuhan energi rumah tangga masih menjadi persoalan yang harus dicarikan jalan keluarnya
“Melalui teknologi terapan pembuatan Biogas dari kotoran ternak berpeluang menjadi solusi alternatif atas masalah bahan bakar minyak tanah dan peningkatan produksi ternak menuju swa-sembada daging serta mendorong perbaikan lingkungan (Jawa Pos 22 Juli 2005, hal 12).”
Salah satu teknologi terapan yang ramah lingkungan, biaya murah serta gampang diterapkan serta sangat sesuai dengan kondisi pada saat ini adalah pembuatan Biogas dari kotoran ternak atau dapat juga berupa campuran kotoran ternak dengan bahan tanaman yang dapat saja berupa limbah usaha pertanian ataupun perkebunan. Daya bakar dari Biogas sangat baik, tidak berasap sehingga makanan tetap bersih. Biogas adalah gas yang berasal dari mahluk hidup, dalam hal ini dibincangkan dari kotoran hewan dan tanaman.
Berkaitan dengan hal tersebut diatas, para peternak sapi tertarik akan pemanfaatan limbah kotoran sapi sebagai pengganti bahan bakar rumah tangga guna menghadapi harga bahan bakar minyak yang terus naik dan menguragi pencemaran lingkungan dari limbah kotoran sapi,. Pada kesempatan ini, peneliti ingin meneliti tentang pemanfaatan limbah kotoran sapi sebagai bahan bakar rumah tangga yang lebih menghasilkan keuntungan ekonomis bagi Desa Pasanggrahan Dusun Toyomerto Batu berupa efisiensi biaya, meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat dan memperbaiki lingkungan hidup.
Rumusan masalah sebagai berikut: (1) Bagaimana tingkat efisiensi pemakaian Biogas kotoran sapi dengan minyak tanah dan bahan bakar lainya? (2) Apa manfaat lain dari pembuatan Biogas terhadap lingkungan?
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali secara empiris tingkat efisiensi penggunaan minyak tanah dan bahan bakar lain dengan penggunaan Biogas yang cocok dikembangkan pada daerah setempat. Serta mendapatkan manfaat ekonomis dari pembuatan Biogas terhadap lingkungan.
Penelitian ini daharapkan bisa bermanfaat sebagai berikut: (1) Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan peternak sapi mulai menyadari bahwa sebenarnya kotoran sapi adalah salah satu limbah yang dapat diolah dan menghasilkan keuntungan. (2) Hasil 6
penelitian ini diharapkan bisa memberikan kontribusi bagi peternak sapi tentang bagaimana pemanfaatan limbah dengan optimal. (3) Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan sebagai acuan atau informasi bagi peneliti selanjutnya tentang tema ini. (4) Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan bisa memberikan pandangan berbagai pihak seberapa penting limbah kotoran sapi sebagai sumber Biogas alternatif pengganti bahan bakar rumah tangga. (5) Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan daerah-daerah lain bisa mengikuti jejak pemanfaatan limbah kotoran sapi.
METODE PENELITIAN
Pengolahan limbah kotoran sapi sebagai Biogas melibatkan peternak setempat tetapi untuk komponen teknologi, dilakukan sepenuhnya oleh peneliti. Biogas digunakan sebagai pengganti bahan bakar rumah tanggga selama 3 tahun, dan hasilnya lebih memberikan keuntungan ekonomis dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat setempat. Penelitian dilakukan di daerah Batu tepatnya di Desa Pesanggrahan, Dusun Toyomerto, Kodya Batu, Malang Jawa Timur.
Bahan dan alat yang digunakan untuk pemanfaatan limbah kotoran sapi sebagai pengganti bahan bakar rumah tangga dapat berupa : a) Pemakaian minyak tanah, LPG, kayu bakar dan Biogas sebagai perbandingan, b) Penggunaan sisa dari fermentasi limbah kotoran sapi sebagai pupuk.
Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah metode eksperimen (uji coba). “ metode eksperimen adalah metode untuk memperbandingkan hasilnya pemakaian satu atau lebih kolompok ekperimen (Surabrata, 1998)”. Dan metode terapan dengan study lapangan, dimana peneliti melakukan pengamatan secara langsung pada objek penelitian kemudian menganalisis data dan membuat kesimpulan untuk pemecahan masalah. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara yaitu peneliti melakukan tanya jawab secara langsung dengan pihak terkait.

HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
Keadaan Lingkungan 7
Desa pesanggarahan, Dusun Toyomerto, Kota Madya Batu, Malang Jawa Timur merupakan daerah pegunungan dengan jumlah penduduknya kurang lebih 250 kepala rumah tangga yang mayoritas pencaharianya adalah peternak sapi dan petani. Rata-rata disetiap rumah terdapat 1-4 ekor sapi dalam satu kepala rumah tangga. Daerah ini sangat mendukung untuk pemanfaatan limbah kotoran sapi, karena pengelola peternakan sapi di Batu tak perlu lagi kebingungan membuang kotoran sapinya. Sebab, kotoran sapi bisa diubah menjadi bahan bakar untuk kompor dan pupuk. Selain itu, area yang cukup luas dan banyaknya kotoran sapi merupakan kesempatan penduduk untuk mengolahnya agar tidak terjadi pencemaran lingkungan.
Perumahan penduduk yang halaman rumahnya cukup luas dapat digunakan sebagai tempat instalasi teknologi Biogas. Peneliti bekerjasama dengan warga setempat melakukan uci coba pembuatan Biogas secara sederhana yaitu kotoran sapi yang telah terkumpul, dimasukkan ke septic tank untuk dijadikan Biogas. Biogas itu bisa dimanfaatkan untuk keperluan rumah tangga, termasuk memasak. Karena itu, dari dalam septic tank tersebut ada lubang kecil yang dimasuki paralon. Paralon ini tersambung dengan selang yang dihubungkan kekompor gas di dapur rumah.
Teknologi Biogas sudah diterapkan selama kurang lebih 3 tahun yang lalu. Untuk mencukupi kebutuhan gas keluarga dengan empat orang anggota keluarga, dibutuhkan dua sampai tiga ekor sapi. Setiap hari, kotoran perekor sapi bisa mencapai sekitar 10 kg. Dengan demikian, dari tiga ekor sapi bisa didapat sampai 60 kg kotoran. Selain menghasilkan Biogas, sisa fermentasi kotoran sapi tersebut bisa menghasilkan pupuk .
Ada 2 jenis ukuran unit yang digunakan dalam pembuatan Biogas yaitu unit permanen untuk ukuran enam kepala rumah tangga dan ukuran unit mini untuk satu kepala rumah tangga. Untuk ukuran unit permanen memerlukan kurang lebih 25 ekor kotoran sapi dengan perbandingan air 1:1, sedangkan untuk unit mini memerlukan 2-3 ekor kotoran sapi dengan pemakaian selama 1 minggu.
Dari hasil uji coba, kebutuhan keluarga dengan anggota sejumlah 5 orang terhadap Biogas yang digunakan khusus untuk memasak adalah 1,25 m3/ hari atau 0,25 m3 /hari/ orang. Sementara itu setiap 10 kg kotoran ternak sapi (jumlah yang dihasilkan seekor ternak sapi per hari) berpotensi menghasilkan 0,36 m3 Biogas, 8
sehingga untuk satu keluarga dengan 5 anggota keluarga membutuhkan 4 ekor ternak sapi, dengan perhitungan perolehan kotoran ternak sejumlah 40 kg/ hari dan akan menghasilkan Biogas sejumlah 1,44 m3 /hari.
Meskipun daerah pegunungan, untuk mendapatkan kayu bakar tidak semudah yang dibayangkan, namun untuk mendapatkan kayu bakar tanpa perolehan sendiri dapat dibeli dengan harga Rp 10.000 untuk 2 ikat kayu bakar. Untuk minyak tanah dapat dibeli dengan harga sebesar Rp. 2750/liter, sedangkan pemakai gas LPGpun jarang sekali disebabkan harga yang cukup mahal yaitu mencapai Rp. 70.000/tabung selain itu juga menyesuaikan dengan kantong mereka, sehingga pemakai LPG hanya kalangan tertentu saja.
Keluarga-keluarga yang menggunakan Biogas sudah tidak membutuhkan pembelian bahan bakar karena sudah bisa terpenuhi kebutuhannya dari kotoran ternak yang dipeliharanya. Bagi mereka yang bisanya mencari/memotong kayu bakar di hutan kini waktunya bisa dipergunakan untuk kegiatan yang memberikan nilai tambah ekonomis, dengan pekerjaan sambilan yang lain. Biaya yang dikeluarkanpun hanya untuk pembelian peralatan.
KESIMPULAN
Dari hasil penelitian diatas, kita bisa menarik keimpulan antara lain :
1. Terbatasnya sumber energi yang ada di alam dan semakin mahalnya harga bahan bakar rumah tangga menjadi masalah yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat umum.
2. Pemilihan teknologi Biogas dapat menjadi alternatif yang cukup baik dalam mengatasi masalah pemenuhan kebutuhan energi rumah tangga sehari-harinya karena lebih ekonomis.
3. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dengan perbandingan anggaran pemakaian bahan bakar rumah tangga, penggunaan Biogas merupakan pilihan yang tepat untuk efisiensi biaya.
11

4. Pengolahan limbah kotoran sapi juga berdampak terhadap lingkungan, yaitu pengurangi pencemaran lingkungan, karena kotoran sapi dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan bakar rumah tangga.
5. Sisa dari fermentasi limbah kotoran sapi dapat juga dimanfaatkan sebagai pupuk tanaman.
6. Melalui teknologi Biogas peternak memasak dengan murah, bersih, ramah lingkungan, mendorong kelestarian alam, meningkatkan produksi ternak, menghemat devisa negara, mendukung perbaikan ekonomi rakyat.
          (USA-MI-Comstock Park) Farmworker/Trabajador de Campo 9-26-17   
Period of employment: 8/20/17-11/01/17Periodo de empleo: 8/20/17-11/01/17General farm labor and hand harvesting of apples.Trabajo Agrícola General y cosecha de mano de manzanas. class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"Able to lift up to 60 lbs/span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"Poder levantar hasta 60 libras/span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"2 verifiable months of commercial tree fruit hand harvest required. Applicants must furnish job references from recent employers establishing acceptable prior experience./span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"2 meses verificables cosecha de mano de fruta de árbol necesario. Solicitantes deben de proveer referencias del trabajo de empleadores recientes estableciendo experiencia previa aceptable./span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"Employer provides housing at no cost to workers in corresponding employment who are not reasonably able to return same day to their residence. Separate sleeping rooms and bathroom facilities are designated for male and female workers. Kitchen and other common facilities are shared. If applicable, Employer provides housing to families of worker entitled to housing benefit at worker's request. /span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"El empleador provee vivienda sin cobrar a los trabajadores en empleo correspondiente que no puedan razonablemente regresar en el mismo día a sus residencias. Se designan dormitorios e instalaciones de baño separados para trabajadores masculinos y femeninos. Se comparten la cocina y otras instalaciones comunes. Si aplica, el Empleador provee vivienda a familiares del trabajador con derecho al beneficio de la vivienda en cuanto el trabajador la pida./span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"Employer will drug screen if injured on the job, reasonable suspicion or a work place accident. Drug screens done at employer’s expense./span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"El empleador hara una detección de drogas si hay una herida en el trabajo, sospecha razonable, o un accidente en el lugar del trabajo. Los análisis de drogas están pagados por el empleador./span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"Employer offers transportation between daily work site and Employer-provided housing at no cost to worker entitled to housing benefit. Local worker not entitled to housing benefit is responsible for own daily transportation to and from worksite./span class="tw-data-text vk_txt tw-ta tw-text-medium" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"span lang="es"El empleador ofrece transportación desde el sitio del trabajo y la vivienda proveída por el empleador cada día sin costo al trabajador con derecho al beneficio de la vivienda. Un trabajador local que no tenga derecho al beneficio de la vivienda es responsable por su transportación diaria a y desde el sitio del trabajo./spanEmployer use I-9 form after job is offered and accepted. Worker must present acceptable and unexpired documentation as required by I-9 process.Empleador u
          RPP SMT 2 ke-2   
RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN
(RPP-2)
Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 2(DUA)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi :
1. Menganalisis Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup
2. Memahami Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup dan keaneka ragaman hayati
II. Kompetensi dasar :
1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian Lingkungan Hidup
1.2 Menganalisis Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup dan keaneka ragaman hayati
di Indonesia
III. Indikator :
1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup dan keaneka ragaman hayati
yang berwawasan Lingkungan(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi Lingkungan hidup di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Menyebutkan pengertian Lingkungan Hidup(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan Lingkungan Hidup di permuka bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Mengidentifikasi Undang-Undang tentang Lingkungan Hidup dan mengenai Amdal (C2)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup
(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran bencana alam lingkungan hidup di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Menjelaskan kerusakan Ekologi dan Ekosistem(C1)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
-Mengindentifikasi persebaran SDA berdasarkan gambar dan peta(C2)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
- Pentingnya PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP di INDONESIA
- Degradasi Lingkungan hidup
- Pemanfaatan SDA berdasarkan Prinsip ekoefisiesi
- Ekologi dan Ekosistem berdasarkan UU No 23 tahun 1997 dan UU No 32 tahun 2009
- Identifikasi persebaran Sumber daya alam dan pembangunan berkelanjutan di Indonesia berdasarkan gambar dan peta
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode : a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
5’Motivasi
Menanamkan pengertian Pengelolaan Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup
Berwawasan Lingkungan
manfaat lingkungan hidup dan keaneka ragaman hayati
prasyarat
memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekaragaman lingkungan hidup untuk pembangunan berkelanjutan
10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh manapengetahuannya tentang Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan
(Target
Pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuan pembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
Kita hidup di permukaan bumi yang sangat luas.Kita hidup berdampingan dengan mahluk hidup yang lainnya,yaitu hewan dan tumbuhan dalam komponen biotik.Keberlangsungan hidup manusia,hewan dan tumbuhan tidak terlepas dari keberadaan unsur-unsur kehidupan nyang berupa komponen abiotik,misalnya udara,sinar matahari,tanah dan air. Komponen biotik dan abiotik berinteraksi di dalam lingkungan,misalnya tumbuhan memerlukan tanah sebagai midia tumbuhnya. Tumbuhan juga butuh sinar mata hari dan udara untuk proses pertumbuhan dan fotosintesis. Ada kalanya manusia juga berperan dalam keberlangsungan hidup dengan Menganalisis Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan serta pembangunan berkelanjutan dengan memperhatikan peraturan yang ada (UU No 23 tahun 1997 dan UU No 32 tahun 2009). Sehingga pentingnya pelestarian lingkungan hidup karena masalah lingkungan ini berdampak pada kehidupan manusia dan mahluk hidup lain . apabila kegiatan manusia menimbulkan mkerusakan lingkungan alam dan habitat tumbuhan dan hewan berarti secara nyata telah mengurangi keutuhan dari kekayaan alam kita. Oleh karena itu mengalami Degradasi lingkungan atau penurunan kwalitas lingkungan. Ada 2 faktor utama yaitu oleh alam yang tidak dapat dipredeksi dan dihindarkan manusia sepenuhnya dan oleh manusia yang sepenuhnya tergantung usaha manusia dalam mengendalikan kegiatannya.
Kunjungi beberapa website, untuk memperluas wawasan anda :
Buka dari Wikipedia
http://GEOGRAPHY_XI_IPS.Blogspot.com
http://dnlightment.blogspot.com
www.crayonpedia.org
http://gurungeblog.wordpress.com
Tugas Ekplorasi : Wilayah Indonesia kaya akan keanekaragaman hayati yang luar biasa.Salah satunya adalah hutan di wilayah Papua.Kawasan hutan Papua disebut sebagai surge alam,karena memiliki variasi habitat yang terbentang dari pegunungan hingga pesisir.Coba anda buat sebuah analisis mengenai dampak dari kerusakan alam di wilayah Papua tsb. Catatan : perhatikan kawasan puncak,bawahnya dan pesisir serta usaha pelestariannya.
Tugas Elaborasi:
Bumi Indonesia kaya akan potensi keanekaragaman SDA, namun dewasa ini terjadi eksploitasi alam secara besar – besaran yang pada akhirnya mengganggu tatanan suatu ekosistem. Carilah informasi tentang bentuk – bentuk eksploitasi alam yang merusak dan berikan komentar anda mengenai hal tersebut. Hasilnya kemudian diserahkan/DITAMPILKAN DALAM BENTUK POWER POINT . Setelah dipresentasikan di depan kelas. TUGAS: BAGAIMANA PENDAPATMU KALAU TATANAN EKOSISTEM RUSAK ,JANGAN LUPA TULIS NAMA KELAS DAN NOMOR...OK
Tugas Konfirmasi : Memberikan acuan agar peserta didik dapat melakukan pengecekan hasil ekplorasi sehingga bisa membuat penyimpulan. 60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dariberbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertian PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
2) Mengidentifikasi PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran degradasi lingkungan hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi akibat degradasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab degradasi lingkungan hidup di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi usaha pelestarian lingkungan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang pelestarian lingkungan hidup ( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan danmembahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan
lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasansecara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul
permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang
belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasil belajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII. Penilaian (terl
C. PENUTUP
1.Tahukah anda PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
2. Tahukah anda yang dimaksud dengan kawasan PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP 3.Tahukah anda yang dimaksud dengan cagar alam?
4. Dapatkah anda menjelaskan persebaran hewan di Indonesia
5. Tahukah anda yang dimaksud suaka marga satwa
15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian pelestarian lingkungan hidup, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok
LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :
No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5

Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah
Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
SOAL: Menganalisis Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan

-Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertianSDA, ciri-ciri nya di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran SDAdi Indonesia/dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999






Purworejo, 15 Januari 2012
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo


NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001
          RPP SEMESTER 2   
RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN
(RPP-1)
Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 2(DUA)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan
2. Memahami sumber daya alam
II. Kompetensi dasar :
1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian SDA Berwawasan Lingkungan
1.2 Menganalisis sebaran SDA di Indonesia
III. Indikator :
1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian SDA Berwawasan Lingkungan(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi sebaran SDA Berwawasan Lingkungan di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Membedakan pengertian Lingkungan Hidup(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan Lingkungan Hidup di permuka bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Mengidentifikasi Undang-Undang tentang Lingkungan Hidup dan mengenai Amdal (C2)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan
(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran SDA(Sumber Daya Alam) di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Menjelaskan Ekologi dan Ekosistem(C1)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
-Mengindentifikasi persebaran SDA berdasarkan gambar dan peta(C2)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran : Persebaran SDA DAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
- Persebaran SDA di muka bumi
- Sumber daya alam dan pembangunan berkelanjutan
- Pemanfaatan SDA berdasarkan Prinsip ekoefisiesi
- Ekologi dan Ekosistem berdasarkan UU No 23 tahun 1997 dan UU No 32 tahun 2009
- Identifikasi persebaran Sumber daya alam dan pembangunan berkelanjutan di Indonesia berdasarkan gambar dan peta
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode : a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
5’Motivasi
menanamkan pengertian Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan
manfaat SDA dan lingkungan
prasyarat
memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekaragaman SDA dan lingkungan hidup untuk pembangunan berkelanjutan
10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh manapengetahuannya tentang Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan
(Target
Pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuan pembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
Kita hidup di permukaan bumi yang sangat luas.Kita hidup berdampingan dengan mahluk hidup yang lainnya,yaitu hewan dan tumbuhan dalam komponen biotik.Keberlangsungan hidup manusia,hewan dan tumbuhan tidak terlepas dari keberadaan unsur-unsur kehidupan nyang berupa komponen abiotik,misalnya udara,sinar matahari,tanah dan air. Komponen biotik dan abiotik berinteraksi di dalam lingkungan,misalnya tumbuhan memerlukan tanah sebagai midia tumbuhnya. Tumbuhan juga butuh sinar mata hari dan udara untuk proses pertumbuhan dan fotosintesis. Ada kalanya manusia juga berperan dalam keberlangsungan hidup dengan Menganalisis Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan serta pembangunan berkelanjutan dengan memperhatikan peraturan yang ada (UU No 23 tahun 1997 dan UU No 32 tahun 2009)
Kunjungi beberapa website, untuk memperluas wawasan anda :
Buka dari Wikipedia
http://GEOGRAPHY_XI_IPS.Blogspot.com
http://dnlightment.blogspot.com
www.crayonpedia.org
http://gurungeblog.wordpress.com
Tugas Ekplorasi : Wilayah Indonesia kaya akan keanekaragaman hayati yang luar biasa.Salah satunya adalah hutan di wilayah Papua.Kawasan hutan Papua disebut sebagai surge alam,karena memiliki variasi habitat yang terbentang dari pegunungan hingga pesisir.Coba anda buat sebuah analisis mengenai dampak dari kerusakan alam di wilayah Papua tsb. Catatan : perhatikan kawasan puncak,bawahnya dan pesisir.
Tugas Elaborasi:
Bumi Indonesia kaya akan potensi keanekaragaman SDA, namun dewasa ini terjadi eksploitasi alam secara besar – besaran yang pada akhirnya mengganggu tatanan suatu ekosistem. Carilah informasi tentang bentuk – bentuk eksploitasi alam yang merusak dan berikan komentar anda mengenai hal tersebut. Hasilnya kemudian diserahkan/DITAMPILKAN DALAM BENTUK POWER POINT . Setelah dipresentasikan di depan kelas. TUGAS: BAGAIMANA PENDAPATMU KALAU TATANAN EKOSISTEM RUSAK ,JANGAN LUPA TULIS NAMA KELAS DAN NOMOR...OK
Tugas Konfirmasi : Memberikan acuan agar peserta didik dapat melakukan pengecekan hasil ekplorasi sehingga bisa membuat penyimpulan. 60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dariberbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertian biosfer
2) Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi perkembangan hewan dan tumbuhan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang biosfer( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan danmembahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan
lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasansecara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul
permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang
belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasil belajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII. Penilaian (terl
C. PENUTUP
1.Tahukah anda persebaran hewan di dunia?
2. Tahukah anda yang dimaksud dengan kawasan Neotropik
3.Tahukah anda yang dimaksud dengan cagar alam?
4. Dapatkah anda menjelaskan persebaran hewan di Indonesia
5. Tahukah anda yang dimaksud suaka marga satwa
15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang biosfer
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok
LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :
No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5

Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah
Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
SOAL: Menganalisis Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Berwawasan Lingkungan

-Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertianSDA, ciri-ciri nya di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran SDAdi Indonesia/dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999






Purworejo, 17 Juli 2011
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo


NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001
          RPP XI IPS   
RPP GEOGRAFI KLAS XI IPS
RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN

Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 1 (Satu)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
2. Memahami sumber daya alam
II. Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
1.2 Menganalisis sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
III. Indikator : 1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan antroposfer(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan di permukaan bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Menjelaskan tingkatan dalam biosfer (C1)
1.1.6 Menerangkan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kehidupan dibumi (C2)
1.1.7 Menganalisis cagar Biosfer di Indonesia(C4)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan Antroposfer (C2)
-Menganalisis yang mempengarui kehidupan dipermukaan bumi (C4)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran : Biosfer
- Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di muka bumi
- Menerangkan faktor faktor yang mempengaruhi kehidupan dimuka bumi
- Menganalisis cagar Biosfer dipermukaan bumi.
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode :
a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi :
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
motivasi
menanamkan pengertian manfaat tumbuh-tumbuhan bagi manusia dan lingkungan
prasyarat memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekaragaman flora dan fauna
5 ‘



10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh mana
pengetahuannya tentang Biosfer (Target pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuanpembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
Kita hidup di permukaan bumi yang sangat luas.Kita hidup berdampingan dengan mahluk hidup yang lainnya,yaitu hewan dan tumbuhan dalam komponen biotik.Keberlangsungan hidup manusia,hewan dan tumbuhan tidak terlepas dari keberadaan unsur-unsur kehidupan nyang berupa komponen abiotik,misalnya udara,sinar matahari,tanah dan air. Komponen biotik dan abiotik berinteraksi di dalam lingkungan,misalnya tumbuhan memerlukan tanah sebagai midia tumbuhnya. Tumbuhan juga butuh sinar mata hari dan udara untuk proses pertumbuhan dan fotosintesis. Ada kalanya manusia juga berperan dalam keberlangsungan hidup tumbuhan.
Tingkatan dalam biosfer : 1.Individu 2.Populasi 3.Komunitas 4.Ekosistem 5. Bioma
Kunjungi beberapa website, untuk memperluas wawasan anda :
Buka dari Wikipedia
http://GEOGRAPHY_XI_IPS.Blogspot.com
http://dnlightment.blogspot.com
www.crayonpedia.org
http://gurungeblog.wordpress.com
Tugas Ekplorasi : Wilayah Indonesia kaya akan keanekaragaman hayati yang luar biasa.Salah satunya adalah hutan di wilayah Papua.Kawasan hutan Papua disebut sebagai surge alam,karena memiliki variasi habitat yang terbentang dari pegunungan hingga pesisir.Coa anda buat sebuah analisis mengenai dampak dari kekayaan dari kekayaan alam di wilayah Papua tsb. Catatan : perhatikan kawasan puncak,bawahnya dan pesisir.
Tugas Elaborasi:
Bumi Indonesia kaya akan potensi keanekaragaman flora dan fauna, namun dewasa ini terjadi eksploitasi alam secara besar – besaran yang pada akhirnya mengganggu tatanan suatu ekosistem. Carilah informasi tentang bentuk – bentuk eksploitasi alam yang merusak dan berikan komentar anda mengenai hal tersebut. Hasilnya kemudian diserahkan/DITAMPILKAN DALAM BENTUK POWER POINT . Setelah dipresentasikan di depan kelas. TUGAS: BAGAIMANA PENDAPATMU KALAU TATANAN EKOSISTEM RUSAK ,JANGAN LUPA TULIS NAMA KELAS DAN NOMOR...OK
Tugas Konfirmasi : Memberikan acuan agar peserta didik dapat melakukan pengecekan hasil ekplorasi sehingga bias membuat penyimpulan. 60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian
60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dari berbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertianbiosfer
2) Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi perkembangan hewan dan tumbuhan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang biosfer
( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan dan membahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasan secara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasilbelajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII. Penilaian (terlampir)
C. PENUTUP
- Membuat rangkuman.
- Pemberian tugas
- Soal :
1.Tahukah Anda definisi biosfer,tuliskan !
2. Tahukah Anda dari teori oparin ? Jlskan
3. Dapatkan anda menjelaskan pengertian ekosistem.
4. Tahukah anda pengertian bioma ?
5. Tahukah kamu yang dimaksud dengan ekosistem ? 15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang biosfer
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul atau catatan !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok

LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :

No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5


Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah

Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi :
1.Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
1. Kompetensi dasar :
1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfe
SOAL:
Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100

IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999

Purworejo, 17 Juli 2011
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo


NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001














RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN
(RPP- 2)
Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 1 (Satu)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
2. Memahami sumber daya alam
II. Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
1.2 Menganalisis sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
III. Indikator :
1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan antroposfer(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan di permuka bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Mengidentifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar (C2)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Menjelaskan Ekologi dan Ekosistem(C1)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
-Mengindentifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar (C2)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran : Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
- Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di muka bumi
- Ekologi dan Ekosistem
- Identifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode : a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
motivasi
menanamkan pengertian manfaat tumbuh-tumbuhan bagi manusia dan lingkungan
prasyarat
memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekaragaman flora
5 ‘



10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh manapengetahuannya tentang Biosfer (Target
Pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuan pembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
Kita hidup di permukaan bumi yang sangat luas.Kita hidup berdampingan dengan mahluk hidup yang lainnya,yaitu hewan dan tumbuhan dalam komponen biotik.Keberlangsungan hidup manusia,hewan dan tumbuhan tidak terlepas dari keberadaan unsur-unsur kehidupan nyang berupa komponen abiotik,misalnya udara,sinar matahari,tanah dan air. Komponen biotik dan abiotik berinteraksi di dalam lingkungan,misalnya tumbuhan memerlukan tanah sebagai midia tumbuhnya. Tumbuhan juga butuh sinar mata hari dan udara untuk proses pertumbuhan dan fotosintesis. Ada kalanya manusia juga berperan dalam keberlangsungan hidup tumbuhan.
Tingkatan dalam biosfer : 1.Individu 2.Populasi 3.Komunitas 4.Ekosistem 5. Bioma
Kunjungi beberapa website, untuk memperluas wawasan anda :
Buka dari Wikipedia
http://GEOGRAPHY_XI_IPS.Blogspot.com
http://dnlightment.blogspot.com
www.crayonpedia.org
http://gurungeblog.wordpress.com
Tugas Ekplorasi : Wilayah Indonesia kaya akan keanekaragaman hayati yang luar biasa.Salah satunya adalah hutan di wilayah Papua.Kawasan hutan Papua disebut sebagai surge alam,karena memiliki variasi habitat yang terbentang dari pegunungan hingga pesisir.Coba anda buat sebuah analisis mengenai dampak dari kekayaan alam di wilayah Papua tsb. Catatan : perhatikan kawasan puncak,bawahnya dan pesisir.
Tugas Elaborasi:
Bumi Indonesia kaya akan potensi keanekaragaman flora dan fauna, namun dewasa ini terjadi eksploitasi alam secara besar – besaran yang pada akhirnya mengganggu tatanan suatu ekosistem. Carilah informasi tentang bentuk – bentuk eksploitasi alam yang merusak dan berikan komentar anda mengenai hal tersebut. Hasilnya kemudian diserahkan/DITAMPILKAN DALAM BENTUK POWER POINT . Setelah dipresentasikan di depan kelas. TUGAS: BAGAIMANA PENDAPATMU KALAU TATANAN EKOSISTEM RUSAK ,JANGAN LUPA TULIS NAMA KELAS DAN NOMOR...OK
Tugas Konfirmasi : Memberikan acuan agar peserta didik dapat melakukan pengecekan hasil ekplorasi sehingga bisa membuat penyimpulan. 60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dariberbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertian biosfer
2) Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi perkembangan hewan dan tumbuhan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang biosfer( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan danmembahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan
lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasansecara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul
permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang
belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasil belajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII. Penilaian (terl
C. PENUTUP
1.Tahukah anda persebaran hewan di dunia?
2. Tahukah anda yang dimaksud dengan kawasan Neotropik
3.Tahukah anda yang dimaksud dengan cagar alam?
4. Dapatkah anda menjelaskan persebaran hewan di Indonesia
5. Tahukah anda yang dimaksud suaka marga satwa
15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang biosfer
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok
LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :
No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5

Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah
Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
SOAL:
Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999






Purworejo, 17 Juli 2011
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo


NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001
          RPP XI IPS   
Penilaia (RPP- 1)
RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN
Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 1 (Satu)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
2. Memahami sumber daya alam
II. Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
1.2 Menganalisis sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
III. Indikator : 1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan antroposfer(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan di permukaan bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Menjelaskan tingkatan dalam biosfer (C1)
1.1.6 Menerangkan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kehidupan dibumi (C2)
1.1.7 Menganalisis cagar Biosfer di Indonesia(C4)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan Antroposfer (C2)
-Menganalisis yang mempengarui kehidupan dipermukaan bumi (C4)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran : Biosfer
- Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di muka bumi
- Menerangkan faktor faktor yang mempengaruhi kehidupan dimuka bumi
- Menganalisis cagar Biosfer dipermukaan bumi.
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode :
a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi :
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
motivasi
menanamkan pengertian manfaat tumbuh-tumbuhan bagi manusia dan lingkungan
prasyarat memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekaragaman flora dan fauna
5 ‘



10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh mana
pengetahuannya tentang Biosfer (Target pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuanpembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
Kita hidup di permukaan bumi yang sangat luas.Kita hidup berdampingan dengan mahluk hidup yang lainnya,yaitu hewan dan tumbuhan dalam komponen biotik.Keberlangsungan hidup manusia,hewan dan tumbuhan tidak terlepas dari keberadaan unsur-unsur kehidupan nyang berupa komponen abiotik,misalnya udara,sinar matahari,tanah dan air. Komponen biotik dan abiotik berinteraksi di dalam lingkungan,misalnya tumbuhan memerlukan tanah sebagai midia tumbuhnya. Tumbuhan juga butuh sinar mata hari dan udara untuk proses pertumbuhan dan fotosintesis. Ada kalanya manusia juga berperan dalam keberlangsungan hidup tumbuhan.
Tingkatan dalam biosfer : 1.Individu 2.Populasi 3.Komunitas 4.Ekosistem 5. Bioma
Kunjungi beberapa website, untuk memperluas wawasan anda :
Buka dari Wikipedia
http://Geographyyes.blogspot.com
http://dnlightment.blogspot.com
www.crayonpedia.org
http://gurungeblog.wordpress.com
Tugas Ekplorasi : Wilayah Indonesia kaya akan keanekaragaman hayati yang luar biasa.Salah satunya adalah hutan di wilayah Papua.Kawasan hutan Papua disebut sebagai surge alam,karena memiliki variasi habitat yang terbentang dari pegunungan hingga pesisir.Coa anda buat sebuah analisis mengenai dampak dari kekayaan dari kekayaan alam di wilayah Papua tsb. Catatan : perhatikan kawasan puncak,bawahnya dan pesisir.

60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian
60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dari berbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertianbiosfer
2) Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi perkembangan hewan dan tumbuhan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang biosfer
( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan dan membahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasan secara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasilbelajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII n (terlampir)
C. PENUTUP
15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang biosfer
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok

LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :

No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5


Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah

Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi :
1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper Kompetensi dasar :
1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
SOAL:
Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100

IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo



NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Purworejo, 1 7 Juli 2011
Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001













RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN
(RPP- 2)
Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 1 (Satu)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
2. Memahami sumber daya alam
II. Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
1.2 Menganalisis sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
III. Indikator :
1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan antroposfer(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan di permuka bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Mengidentifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar (C2)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Menjelaskan Ekologi dan Ekosistem(C1)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
-Mengindentifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar (C2)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran : Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
- Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di muka bumi
- Ekologi dan Ekosistem
- Identifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode : a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
motivasi
menanamkan pengertian manfaat tumbuh-tumbuhan bagi manusia dan lingkungan
prasyarat
memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekara gaman flora
5 ‘



10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh manapengetahuannya tentang Biosfer (Target
Pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuan pembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dariberbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertian biosfer
2) Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi perkembangan hewan dan tumbuhan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang biosfer( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan danmembahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan
lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasansecara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul
permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang
belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasil belajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII. Penilaian (terlampir)
C. PENUTUP
15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang biosfer
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok
LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :
No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5

Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah
Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
SOAL:
Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo



NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Purworejo, 17 Juli 2011
Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001


RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN
(RPP- 3)
Satuan Pendidikan : SMA Negeri 5 Purworejo
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kelas/Program : XI /IPS
Semester : 1 (Satu)
Alokasi Waktu : 6 X 45 Menit
I. Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
2. Memahami sumber daya alam
II. Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
1.2 Menganalisis sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
III. Indikator :
1.1.1.Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena biosfer(C2)
1.1.2.Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia sebagai karunia Tuhan(C1)
1.1.3 Membedakan pengertian biosfer dengan antroposfer(C2)
1.1.4 Menganalisis yang mempengaruhi kehidupan di permuka bumi(C4)
1.1.5 Mengidentifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar (C2)
IV. Tujuan Pembelajaran
Melalui kegiatan eksplorasi, elaborasi dan konfirmasi, siswa dapat / mampu :
- Mendeskripsikan pengertian fenomena persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan(C2)
- Mengidentifikasi sebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia dan dunia(C1)
- Menjelaskan Ekologi dan Ekosistem(C1)
-Membangun upaya-upaya untuk memperbaiki kerusakan alam yang sudah terjadi dan selalu ingin memberi bantuan bagi orang lain dan masyarakat yang membutuhkan (C5)
-Mengindentifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar (C2)
V. Materi
- Pembelajaran : Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan
- Persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di muka bumi
- Ekologi dan Ekosistem
- Identifikasi persebaran vegetasi berdasarkan gambar
Nilai PBKB :
Religius
Jujur
Demokratis
Cinta Tanah Air
VI. Metode Pembelajaran
1. Pendekatan : Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning)
2. Strategi : Cooperative Learning teknik Think Pair and Share (berfikir berpasang-pasangan dan curah pendapat)
3. Metode : a. Penugasan
b. Diskusi
c. Tanya jawab
VII. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Kegiatan waktu
( menit) Aktifitas Siswa /Guru
A. PENDAHULUAN
motivasi
menanamkan pengertian manfaat tumbuh-tumbuhan bagi manusia dan lingkungan
prasyarat
memberi pertanyaan pada siswa tentang keanekara gaman flora
5 ‘



10’ 1. Guru mengucapkan salam dan mengecek kehadiran siswa
2. Guru menanyakan kepada siswa sejauh manapengetahuannya tentang Biosfer (Target
Pencapaian 50% siswa memahami)
3. Guru menginformasikan kompetensi dasar dan tujuan pembelajaran yang ingin di capai
4. Guru menyampaikan strategi pembelajaran yang digunakan

B. INTI
PERSEBARAN FAUNA DI INDONESIA( The Spread of Fauna di Indonesia )
Persebaran Fauna di Indonesia ( The Spread of Fauna di Indonesia )
Fauna di Indonesia mencerminkan posisinya di antara Benua Asia (Oriental) dan Benua Australia (Autralian)
Secara geologis, kepulauan Indonesia terbagi atas tiga wilayah, yaitu bagian barat yang menyatu dengan benua Asia disebut landas kontinen Sunda (Paparan Sunda), bagian tengah disebut wilayah peralihan, sedangkan bagian timur Indonesia menyatu dengan Benua Australia disebut landas kontinen Sahul atau paparan Sahul.
Di antara landas kontinen Sunda dengan wilayah peralihan terdapat batas fauna dan flora Asia yang disebut garis Wallace.
Sedangkan antara wilayah peralihan dengan landas kontinen Sahul terdapat batas fauna dan flora Australia yang di sebut garis Weber.
1)Garis Wallace adalah garis khayalyang membatasi jenis fauna dan flora Asiatis dengan jenis fauna dan flora peralihan.
2Garis Weber adalah garis khayalyang membatasi fauna dan flora peralihan dengan jenis fauna dan flora Australis. 60’



1. Eksplorasi
a. Guru menjelaskan sekilas inti materi.(Target Pencapaian60% siswa memahami) (A/V)
b. Siswa dibagi dalam bentuk berpasang-pasangan kemudian diminta untuk menggali infiormasi dariberbagai sumber. (A/V)
c. Setiap pasangan diberi tugas untuk:
1) Mendeskripsikan pengertian biosfer
2) Mengidentifikasi ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
3) Mengidentifikasi persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
5) Mengidentifikasi tempat persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia
6) Menjelaskan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuh-tumbuhan di Indonesia
7) Mengidentifikasi perkembangan hewan dan tumbuhan
8) Menyimpulkan tentang biosfer( Target Pencapaian 80% siswa memahami)
2. Elaborasi
Setiap pasangan setelah selesai memecahkan danmembahas permasalahan diminta mencari pasangan
lain sehingga terbentuk kelompok kecil @ 4 orang dan ditugasi untuk saling berbagi pendapat / curah pendapat(sharing) dari hasil pemecahan masalah dan pembahasansecara berpasangan. (A/V)
3. Konfirmasi
a. Setiap kelompok diminta mempresentasikan
hasil kerjanya dan kelompok lain menanggapi .
(A/V/K)
b. Guru mengklarifikasi apabila timbul
permasalahan dan menarik kesimpulan
c. Guru mengajukan pertanyaan apakah ada yang
belum dipahami dari hasil pembahasan hari ini.
d. Guru bersama siswa membuat rangkuman hasil belajar(Target Pencapaian 90% siswa memahami)
VIII. Penilaian (terlampir)
C. PENUTUP
15 ‘ 1. Menunjukkan kebesaran Tuhan dengan mengerti tentang biosfer
2. Mengambil kesimpulan secara bersama-sama
3. Tugas Mandiri Tidak Terstruktur :
Siswa diberi tugas untuk mencari informasi dari berbagai Literatur (internet/blog) tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk modul !
4. Salam penutup.

Non Tes :
Tes Sikap / Performance : Diskusi kelompok
LEMBAR PENGAMATAN DISKUSI
Mata Pelajaran : Geografi
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Hari / Tanggal :
No Nama Skor Jumlah Keterangan
1 2 3 4 5

Keterangan :
1.Keaktifan berdiskusi
2.Percaya diri
3.Menghargai pendapat orang lain
4.Sopan dalam bertutur kata
5.Pemecahan masalah
Rentang Nilai :
5 / sangat baik (A) = 85 – 100
4 / baik (B) = 70 – 84
3 / cukup (C) = 55 – 69
2 / kurang (D) = 40 – 54
1 / sangat kurang (E) = 0 – 39
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
Pembuatan modul
TUGAS TIDAK TERSTRUKTUR
Mata Pelajaran : Geogarfi
Kelas / Semester : XI / Gasal
Standar Kompetensi : 1. Menganalisis fenomena biosfer dan antroposper
Kompetensi dasar : 1.1 Menjelaskan pengertian fenomena biosfer
SOAL:
Carilah informasi dari berbagai literatur tentang pengertian biosfer, ciri-ciri hewan dan tumbuhan di Indonesia, identifikasi tempat dan faktor penyebab persebaran hewan dan tumbuhan di dunia, kemudian buatlah ringkasan materi dalam bentuk kliping!
PEDOMAN PENSKORAN
No Aspek yang dinilai Skor
1

2

3

4 Kebenaran Informasi
Tepat=2 Tidak=1
Kesesuaian informasi dengan materi
Sesuai=3 Cukup=2 Kurang=1
Sistematika penyusunan modul
Terdiri dari pengantar, isi dan kesimpulan
Bahasa
Sangat komunikatif=3 Cukup komunikatif=2 Kurang komunikatif=1 0-2

0-3

0-3

0-3
Skor Maksimum 0-11

Keterangan :
Nilai Akhir = Skor perolehan : Skor maksimum X 100
IX. Life Skill :
1. Kecakapan menggali informasi
2. Kecakapan mengambil keputusan
3. Kecakapan bekerja sama
4. Kecakapan berkomunikasi secara tertulis dan lisan
X. Alat, Media dan Sumber Belajar
1. Komputer
2. LCD
3. Gatot Harmanto.Geografi Bilingual. YRAMA WIDYA. 2008
4.Sumadi Sutrijat Geografi 2 (buku paket). 1999
Mengetahui
Kepala SMA N 5 Purworejo



NIKMAH NURBAITY Spd.MPd
NIP. 196801151993032005 Purworejo, 17 Juli 2011
Guru mata pelajaran



Dra. TUNUNG SUBROTO
NIP. 195907231991031001
          BAGAIMANA KITA MEMANDANG BUMI (1)   
Konsep Gaia (Lovelock 1979):
Biosfer adalah suatu kesatuan yang mengatur diri sendiri (self-regulating) dan mampu mempertahankan kondisi Bumi dengan mengendalikan lingkungan kimiawi dan fisis. Jadi, Bumi adalah suatu super-ekosistem dimana banyak proses dan umpan balik saling berinteraksi untuk menjaga kondisi kimiawi dan fisis di Bumi. Dalam hal ini, makhluk hidup memiliki peran terpenting dalam menjaga keseimbangan (homeostasis).
BAGAIMANA MENURUT PENDAPATMU
          7/6/2017: Kolskoot Boekresensie: Staatskaping, apartheidstyl   
dis 1985. ’n Boeing van die Suidafrikaanse Lugdiens het so pas in Switserland neergestryk. Dit is met goud gevul. Die apartheidsregering staar ’n groot skuldkrisis in die gesig, vererger deur president P.W. Botha se onlangse Rubicontoespraak. Die land...
          6/30/2017: NEWS: Desperate ISIS fighters use human shields as battle nears end in Mosul   

Iraqi security forces in Mosul are closing in on an increasingly desperate and shrinking band of Islamic State fighters who are using human shields to try to slow the U. S.- supported offensive, a top U. S. commander said Wednesday. “There’s no limit...
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Registered Nurse - Emergency amp; Trauma   
The RN Emergency and Trauma provides professional nursing care within Borgess Medical Center.ulliIn collaboration with the patient and/or family, and healthcare team, participates in open discussion to identify mutual goals based on the nursing assessment and nursing diagnosis./liliDiagnoses, treats and evaluates the human response to actual or potential health problems/needs./liliEvaluates the outcomes of the nursing plan of care and revises it as necessary./liliAssesses, detects, monitors and attempts to prevent complications associated with health situations or treatment plans./liliNotifies the physician of patient condition and response to nursing intervention appropriately and documents this action./liliEnsures that patient's pain is assessed, treated, reassessed, documented and evaluated./liliResponsible for maintaining and upgrading knowledge, skills, nursing practice and competencies affecting the quality of nursing care, and re-licensure./liliDelegation to other licensed and unlicensed care providers based on clinical nursing judgment and skill of the care provider./liliThe above is intended to describe the general content of and requirements for the performance of this job. It is not to be construed as an exhaustive statement of duties, responsibilities or requirements./li/uluLicenses/Certifications/Registration:/uulliRequired Credential(s):ulliAdvanced Life Support credentialed from the American Heart Association (AHA) obtained within 12 Months (1 year) of hire date or job transfer date. /liliBLS Provider credentialed from the American Heart Association (AHA) obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. /liliCertification specializing in Crisis Prevention obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. /liliPediatric Advanced Life Support obtained within 12 Months (1 year) of hire date or job transfer date. /liliLicensed Registered Nurse obtained within 3 Months (90 days) of hire date or job transfer date. /liliOne or more of the following:ulliAdvanced Certified Registered Nurse specializing in Trauma obtained within 12 Months (1 year) of hire date or job transfer date. /liliCertified Registered Nurse specializing in Trauma Nurse obtained within 12 Months (1 year) of hire date or job transfer date. /li/ul/li/ul/liliPreferred Credential(s):ulliCertified Registered Nurse specializing in Emergency Nursing Pediatrics. /li/ul/li/uluEducation:/uulliThe Registered Nurse must have an Associates of Applied Science in Nursing (AAS) Degree or Bachelors of Science in Nursing (BSN) or RN Diploma at start date./liliBSN is required within six (6) years of start date. Incumbents hired into position prior to 1/1/2015 are grandfathered with their existing educational degrees./liliTwo (2) years current Emergency Department experience required. If no qualified applicants apply may be willing to consider applicants without experience./li/ul
          (USA-MI-Albion) Residence Hall Director   
Albion College, a selective, private, residential liberal arts college, invites applications for a Residence Hall Director (RD) position. Main responsibilities include overall administration and management of a residential area of 300-500 students; supervising 10-16 Resident Assistants; serve as a College Hearing Officer adjudicating student judicial cases; participation in an on-call rotating duty system; responding to crisis and emergency situations; establishing rapport/developing positive relationships with students; assisting students with conflict resolution; and community building and educational programming that supports the Division of Student Affairs' residential community based learning. The RD also plays an important part in Office of Residential Life central office functions. This a full-time (12 month) live-in position. Salary is competitive and commensurate with experience - benefits included.h4Qualifications Include:/h4ulliMaster's Degree in college student personnel, counseling, or closely related field preferred. /liliBachelor's degree required./liliPrevious residence hall experience beyond the undergraduate level preferred./liliPrevious supervision and training experience required./liliAbility to work collaboratively with all college constituents./liliThe position requires strong interpersonal, oral, and written communication skills./liliAbility to manage multiple projects simultaneously./liliOutstanding organizational skills./liliOutstanding interpersonal, crisis management and problem-solving skills./liliMust possess a high degree of energy and enthusiasm./liliWillingness to provide a high level of customer service./liliEnthusiasm for teaching and learning that goes beyond the classroom./liliMust have a valid, or be eligible to obtain, a Michigan driver’s license and clearing initial and periodic driving record checks/li/ulh4Application Process:/h4Interested candidates should submit a cover letter, resume, and three references to a href="http://apply.interfolio.com/42703"http://apply.interfolio.com/42703/a. Please direct questions to Ms. Julie McMahon, Director for Residential Life (a href="mailto:jmcmahon@albion.edu"jmcmahon@albion.edu/a). A review of applications will begin immediately and continue until the position is filled. The anticipated start date is July 17, 2017.
          Jury at Andrew Loku inquest recommends giving Tasers to all front-line cops    

Annual anti-Black racism training for police, Tasers for all front-line officers and the collection of race-based data were among the key recommendations delivered by the jury Friday at the coroner’s inquest into the death of Andrew Loku.

Before handing down its 39 recommendations, the five-person jury also declared Loku’s death a homicide, although that finding carries no legal weight. The 45-year-old father of five was shot and killed by Toronto police Const. Andrew Doyle on July 5, 2015.

Other non-binding recommendations delivered by the jury Friday include:

  • Provincial collection of race-based data relating to all interactions involving police and persons in crisis, as well as funding for research and analysis of the data. The results of the analysis should be made public.

  • Exposing officers in training “to the perspectives and lived experience of racialized communities, the Black community and individuals with mental health issues and/or addictions.”

  • Amending the annual use-of-force recertification to include qualification in areas including mental health, anti-racism, and particularly anti-Black racism.

  • A continued emphasis on alternative methods of communication and de-escalation when an individual does not comply with the police challenge.

  • A 24/7 telephone crisis support line for individuals living in supportive housing and in mental health and addictions programs.

  • Additional funding for more nurses in order to staff mobile crisis intervention teams in each Toronto police division, 24 hours a day.

  • Additional funding for 911 operators to allow them to begin the de-escalation process during 911 calls.

  • Funding and supporting the participation of members of the mental health and addictions community, racialized communities and the Black community in training at police colleges.

Read more:

Police officer who shot Andrew Loku describes the last 21 seconds of his life: DiManno

Video shows moments before Andrew Loku was shot by police

Andrew Loku 911 call released: 'Oh my god, there was gunshots’

Ontario’s police watchdog, the Special Investigations Unit, declined to lay criminal charges against Doyle last year, finding the use of force to be justified. The decision and the lack of transparency around the SIU’s investigation were met with outrage and sparked a protest outside police headquarters by Black Lives Matter Toronto that lasted 15 days.

After weeks of pressure, the government released a heavily redacted copy of the SIU report into Loku’s death, and appointed Court of Appeal Justice Michael Tulloch to conduct a sweeping review of police oversight bodies.

“If the police had followed the training, if the police had de-escalated, if the police had taken a bit more time then Andrew would still be here and there wouldn’t be the need for these types of recommendations,” Loku family lawyer Jonathan Shime said Friday.

“That being said, we heard about three weeks of evidence that covered a broad range of issues, and I think the jury listened very well, and most importantly, they really got that this proved to be another case — one more, too many — of a Black man dying at the hands of the police.

“The reality is, statistically, Black men are dying disproportionately at the hands of police in Toronto and Ontario, and police forces across the province need to figure out why that is and come to terms with that and ensure there are zero deaths of anybody, Black or white, at the hands of the police.”

The inquest had featured a long list of participants, including lawyers for Toronto police and its board, the Toronto Police Association, the Black Action Defence Committee (BADC), the Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA), the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's Empowerment Council, and Across Boundaries, a mental health organization serving racialized communities.

The parties were sometimes at odds about the purpose of the inquest, with tensions rising around the role racism may have played in Loku’s death.

While overseeing coroner Dr. John Carlisle had allowed for implicit, or unconscious bias to be part of the scope of the inquest, racism was not — leading to an 11th hour motion to allow for the explicit mention of racism.

“If these recommendations are adopted and put into force, I think we can avoid future deaths like Andrew’s,” said Across Boundaries’ lawyer, Howard Morton, who urged the government and police to immediately begin implementing the recommendations.

“This jury really got it. Right from the get-go, you could tell they were attentive, they asked very relevant questions, and they were completely open to our suggestion that anti-Black racism was clearly within the scope of this inquest.”

Black Lives Matter Toronto co-founder Sandy Hudson told the Star that some recommendations were promising, but highlighted that many have already been proposed before at previous inquests, attracting little or no action on the part of the police and government.

“This is the issue with the whole inquest process, where these recommendations are merely suggestions that police officers and the powers-that-be can choose to listen to or not listen to, and we’ve heard over the inquest process that they choose not to listen to them,” she said.

In more than two weeks of witness testimony and evidence, the jury heard the detailed circumstances of Loku’s 2015 fatal shooting, including from the officer who pulled the trigger.

Doyle, a 13-year police veteran, testified that he shot Loku as he advanced toward him, hammer raised, in the hallway of his apartment building, which is leased by CMHA to house people with mental health challenges.

Both Doyle and the rookie officer he was mentoring, Const. Haim Queroub, said they had been shouting at Loku to drop the hammer prior to the shooting.

In his closing address to the jury, Shime had stressed that Loku did not have to die, and was shot because “they let their fear of a black man with a hammer (8.5 metres) away overcome what should have been a compassionate and humane response.

“If only they had let compassion guide them instead of fear, if only they had let good sense and training guide them instead of panic, if only they had followed a multitude of recommendations made by previous inquests, then Andrew would be alive today.”


          Extreme Intolerance: An Immoderate Tirade (Part Two)   
  Part Two: The ISIS Massacres First a Russian jetliner exploded over the Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people aboard. Then a pair of suicide bombers blew themselves up along with 43 unsuspecting residents of Beirut. The next day, Friday the 13th, terrorists pulled off the most terrifying stunt of them all: 130 souls blasted […]
          Fifty Shades of Decadence, One Shade of ISIS   
The “Islamic State” has gone full Genghis Khan during the past week — beheading 21 Christians on a beach in Libya, incinerating 45 hapless souls in a northern Iraqi town, linking up with Boko Haram in Central Africa, establishing cordial ties with al-Qaeda, and watching contentedly as apostles of jihad inflicted death in Denmark. From its […]
          I am India's Daughter   

Parivartravels


A cozy bed, newspaper ahead, and a nice cup of tea. A perfect morning it was to be.
Flipping through pages of the paper and this photo is chanced upon. This merry photo of little boys playing football in the beach.
Just another photograph of kids relishing the summer heat.
Just another game for the boys in the beach.
And yet this photo held something more; something that tingled my nerves. This harmless picture rekindling the rebel soul itching to break out.
A gush of impulse springing from the shackled freedom within.


Neither the brimming tea nor the fine bed could tell me why,
Why I wasn't playing football like them.
Why I couldn't move around at my own will while they could.
Why I had to ask permission a week or so early, complete with a what, when, where and who while all they had to do was say, "Ma, I'm going out!" And that's it.

So sick am I of explaining to them it isn't easy for us.
Them guy friends of ours who call us out and complain we make a fuss.
We're 'girls' you see, I tell them, with freedom only at a cost .
Never mind the lucky (or not?) exceptions, whose freedom invites my envy.
How wouldn't it? When our days are spent bitching over our hostel wardens for restrictions the guys don't get to enjoy.
But who am I to complain when their 'concerns of safety' for us are justified by the daily news reports?


I am India's daughter after all.  I am unsafe. Anywhere I go.


I wish I too had played football when I was little.
I wish I hadn't stopped playing at the age of twelve.
I wish we'd grown up a little more like them guys.
Maybe then I could've rushed out today to sweat over a match in the beach.
Maybe then travelling with my gal pals wouldn't be a terror to our family till we returned.
Maybe then we wouldn't have to argue and fight our way to make a significant place for ourselves in this world, a world we all share.
Maybe then they would understand that there's really no 'they' or 'we' - just us human beings with a choice that shouldn't be denied.

I see gender equality crumble before my eyes every day of my life.
When boys are made to carry furniture and the girls to merely sit and paint charts.
When boys get to travel places and girls are to be escorted outdoors.
When boys play football in the beach and girls sigh at their photograph over the morning tea from their cozy bed.

It dawns on me that no matter how much we chant feminism with all the vigour we can muster, we will remain to be tagged as the weaker sex.
The one that needs protection.
The one that needs empowerment.

Perhaps if we'd grown up playing football, I imagine, our muscles might've sharpened enough to smack off the guys from a secluded autorickshaw who dared to advance on us. And maybe I could punch the sexists right on their faces so that their faces hurt rather than my fist. And maybe guys would think twice before laying hands on another woman again.
And maybe when the army opened doors to combat roles for women, people wouldn't think national defense was at stake.

An eighteen year old girl sipping tea over a morning paper knows this idea is far fetched. A world where she can walk fearless and free.


She is India's daughter after all. She is unsafe. Anywhere she goes.



***







          Top 10 science anniversaries of 2017    

It’s time to celebrate pulsars, planets, Einstein, more Einstein and the laws of robotics

Context
Jocelyn Bell Burnell

This year marks the semicentennial of the discovery of pulsars, first observed by Jocelyn Bell Burnell, shown here in 1968 at the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Cambridge, England.

Second of two parts

Every year science offers a diverse menu of anniversaries to celebrate. Births (or deaths) of famous scientists, landmark discoveries or scientific papers — significant events of all sorts qualify for celebratory consideration, as long as the number of years gone by is some worthy number, like 25, 50, 75 or 100. Or simple multiples thereof with polysyllabic names.

2017 has more than enough such anniversaries for a Top 10 list, so some worthwhile events don’t even make the cut, such as the births of Stephen Hawking (1942) and Arthur C. Clarke (1917). The sesquicentennial of Michael Faraday’s death (1867) almost made the list, but was bumped at the last minute by a book. Namely:

10. On Growth and Form, centennial (1917)

A true magnum opus, by the Scottish biologist D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson, On Growth and Form has inspired many biologists with its mathematical analysis of physical and structural forces underlying the diversity of shapes and forms in the biological world. Nobel laureate biologist Sir Peter Medawar praised Thompson’s book as “beyond comparison the finest work of literature in all the annals of science that have been recorded in the English tongue.”

9. Birth of Abraham de Moivre, semiseptcentennial (1667).

Born in France on May 26, 1667, de Moivre moved as a young man to London where he did his best work, earning election to the Royal Society. Despite exceptional mathematical skill, though, he attained no academic position and earned a meager living as a tutor. He is most famous for his book The Doctrine of Chances, which was in essence an 18th century version of Gambling for Dummies. It contained major advances in probability theory and in later editions introduced the concept of the famous bell curve. Isaac Newton was impressed; the legend goes that when anyone asked him about probability, Newton said to go talk to de Moivre.

8. Exoplanets, quadranscentennial (1992)

It seems like exoplanets have been around almost forever (and probably actually were), but the first confirmed by Earthbound astronomers were reported just a quarter century ago. Three planets showed up orbiting not an ordinary star, but a pulsar, a rapidly spinning neutron star left behind by a supernova.

Astrophysicists Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail found a sign of the planets, first detected with the Arecibo radio telescope, in irregularities in the radio pulses from the millisecond pulsar PSR1257+12. Some luck was involved. In 1990, the Arecibo telescope was being repaired and couldn’t pivot to point at a specific target; instead it constantly watched just one region of the sky. PSR1257+12 just happened to float by.

7. Birth of Marie Curie, sesquicentennial (1867)

No doubt the most famous Polish-born scientist since Copernicus, Curie was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867, as Maria Sklodowska. Challenged by poverty, family tragedies and poor health, she nevertheless excelled as a high school student. But she then worked as a governess, while continuing as much science education as possible, until her married sister invited her to Paris. There she completed her physics education with honors and met and married another young physicist, Pierre Curie.

Together they tackled the mystery of the newly discovered radioactivity, winning the physics Nobel in 1903 along with radioactivity’s discoverer, Henri Becquerel. Marie continued the work after her husband’s tragic death in 1906; she became the first person to win a second Nobel, awarded in chemistry in 1911 for her discovery of the new radioactive elements polonium and radium.

6. Laws of Robotics, semisesquicentennial (1942)

One of science fiction’s greatest contributions to modern technological philosophy was Isaac Asimov’s Laws of Robotics, which first appeared in a short story in the March 1942 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. Later, those laws formed the motif of his many robot novels and appeared in his famous Foundation Trilogy (and subsequent sequels and prequels). They were:

  1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
  2. A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

Much later Asimov added a “zeroth law,” requiring robots to protect all of humankind even if that meant violating the other three laws. Artificial intelligence researchers all know about Asimov’s laws, but somehow have not managed to enforce them on social media. Incidentally, this year is also the quadranscentennial of Asimov’s death in 1992.

5. First sustained nuclear fission chain reaction, semisesquicentennial (1942)

Enrico Fermi, the Italian Nobel laureate, escaped fascist Italy to come to the United States shortly after nuclear fission’s discovery in Germany. Fermi directed construction of the “atomic pile,” or nuclear reactor, on a squash court under the stands of the University of Chicago’s football stadium. Fermi and his collaborators showed that neutrons emitted from fissioning uranium nuclei could induce more fission, creating a chain reaction capable of releasing enormous amounts of energy. Which it later did.

4. Discovery of pulsars, semicentennial (1967)

Science’s awareness of the existence of pulsars turns 50 this year, thanks to the diligence of Irish astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell. She spent many late-night hours examining the data recordings from the radio telescope she helped to build that first spotted a signal from a pulsar. She recognized that the signal was something special even though others thought it was just a glitch in the apparatus. But she was a graduate student so her supervisor got the Nobel Prize instead of her

3. Einstein’s theory of lasers, centennial (1917)

Albert Einstein did not actually invent the laser, but he developed the mathematical understanding that made lasers possible. By 1917, physicists knew that quantum physics played a part in the working of atoms, but the details were fuzzy. Niels Bohr had shown in 1913 that an atom’s electrons occupy different energy levels, and that falling from a high energy level to a lower one emits radiation.

Einstein worked out the math describing this process when many atoms have electrons in high-energy states and emit radiation. His analysis of matter-radiation interaction indicated that it would be possible to prepare many atoms in the same high-energy state and then stimulate them to emit radiation all at once. Properly done, all the atoms would emit radiation of identical wavelength with the waves in phase. A few decades later other physicists figured out how to build such a device for use as a powerful weapon or to read bar codes at grocery stores.

2. Qubits, quadranscentennial (1992)

An even better quantum anniversary than lasers is the presentation to the world of the concept of quantum bits of information. Physicist Ben Schumacher of Kenyon College in Ohio unveiled the idea at a conference in Dallas in 1992 (I was there). A “quantum bit” of information, or qubit, represents the information contained in a quantum particle, which can exist in multiple states at once. A photon, for instance, might simultaneously be in a state of horizontal or vertical polarization. Or an electron’s spin could be up and down at the same time.

Such states differ from classical bits of information in a computer, recorded as either a 0 or 1; a quantum bit is both 0 and 1 at the same time. It becomes one or the other only when observed, much like a flipped coin is nether heads nor tails until somebody catches it, or it lands on the 50 yard line. Schumacher’s idea did not get a lot of attention at first, but it eventually became the foundational idea for quantum information theory, a field now booming with efforts to construct a quantum computer based on the manipulation of qubits.

1. Birth of modern cosmology, centennial (1917)

It might seem unfair that Einstein gets two Top 10 anniversaries in 2017, but 1917 was a good year for him. Before publishing his laser paper, Einstein tweaked the equations of his brand-new general theory of relativity in order to better explain the universe (details in Part 1). Weirdly, Einstein didn’t understand the universe, and he later thought the term he added to his equations was a mistake. But it turns out that today’s understanding of the universe’s behavior — expanding at an accelerating rate — seems to require the term that Einstein thought he had added erroneously. But you can’t expect Einstein to have foreseen everything. He probably had no idea that lasers would revolutionize grocery shopping either.

Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


          Ten to One - Do you know me?   

I didn't want to do two tagged posts in a row at first, but this was too fun to resist. So once again here's a get to know me more post...followed from Vishal's, Leo's and Geets' posts. A total of fifty five questions in the order of ten to one. Hold your breath!

Source: Google

#Ten How's

How did you get one of your scars? 
  - I must have been five when a coconut shell somehow sprung out of the fireplace and landed on my chest. Thankfully, I don't recall the details...only that I cried and got a permanent burn mark on the skin.


How did you celebrate your last birthday? 
  - At a friend's home with two of my best friends. Got a few lovely gifts from school. There was a big bash planned which didn't work out, but the day turned out to be exceptionally sweet with those two sweethearts for company.

How are you feeling at this moment?
 - Pretty comfy in bed, but also a bit nervous about first day in college tomorrow. Okay, a lot nervous...or excited maybe?

How did your last night go? 
  - Reading a few blog posts past midnight and having a satisfying pillow fight with my sister before dozing off.

How did you do in high school?
  - Now that I think of it, pretty awesome. I was extremely tensed in the last two years, but that did not stop me from having all the fun that I could in school. And yeah I scored unexpectedly well. (If my schoolmates are reading this please don't kill me for saying 'unexpectedly' !)

How did you get the shirt you are wearing?
 - This is more than 6 years old (gosh did I stop growing that long ago?!), probably bought it from some street shop, I don't remember. Oh wait, this was my sister's...so I did grow after all.

How often do you see your best friends? 
  - Uhmm...I saw them everyday from school until three months ago and then again quite often during our stay-at-home-for-entrance-studies period. I hope we keep in touch in future.

How much money did you spend last month? 
  - Ah well, this isn't applicable to me since I'm seventeen and all expenditure is dad's (my pocket money is for safe keeping not spending now :p )

How old do you want to be when you get married?
  -  I don't know...26 to 30 maybe.

How old will you be at your next birthday? 
- 18! Finally! :P

***

# 9 the what….

Your mother’s name? 
They probably ran out of questions at this point. Next.

What did you do last weekend?
  -  Running errands in town. Oh and attended the sixth edition of Open Sky Slam Calicut ...had a wonderful time and met some lovely people.

What are you worried about?
- The future, the many what-ifs keep nagging my head.

What is the most important part of your life?
 - Relationships. Family, friends, neighbors, pets...all of them. I haven't had a real pet yet though.

What would you rather be doing? 
  - Hanging out with friends and exploring new places? Yep, that would be it.

What did you last cry over? 
  - When I was forbidden to do something, a good deal of over thinking added fuel to the fire.

What always makes you feel better when you’re upset?
 Writing. Always. And also some me time up in the terrace on my own.

What’s the most important thing you look for in a significant other?
 Understanding and respect. And in my case, knowing to cook...'cause I don't like to :P

What did you have for breakfast? 
Appam and fish currey. And tea.

# 8 YOU’S!

Have you ever liked someone who had a girlfriend/boyfriend?
- Nah.

Have you ever had your heart broken?
  - Yeah.

Have you ever been out of the country? 
  - Yep, just once.

Have you ever done something outrageously dumb? 
  - Yep, don't ask me what.

Have you ever been back stabbed by a friend? 
  - I don't think so. Not by a friend in anyway.

Have you ever had sex on the beach? 
  - Is this question really about the cocktail? Well either way the answer is an obvious no. :P

Have you ever dated someone younger than you?
- Nope.

Have you ever read an entire book in a day? 
- Yep. The novels in the prescribed school syllabus a day before the exams. :P

***

#7 WHO’S!

Who was the last person you saw? 
  - My sister. She's in the room with me, so...

Who was the last person you texted?
- Mom, when I was out.

Who was the last person you hung out with? 
  - The same two friends I spent my birthday with.

Who was the last person to call you? 
  - Mom, to check where I was.

Who did you last hug?
  - My best friend.

Who is the last person who texted you? 
  - Mom.

Who is the last person you said, “I Love You” to?
  - Hmm...probably my best friend again through Facebook.

***

#6 WHERE’S!

Where do your best friends live?
  - All in Calicut. Although they'll all move to their own hostels soon.

Where did you last go? 
- At a grocery shop with my sis.

Where did you last hang out? 
  - At Cafe Coffee Day.

Where did you go to school? 
  - The two KVs at Calicut and Kannur.

Where is your favorite place to be? 
  - Home sweet home

Where did you sleep last night? 
  - My bed. Ran out of questions again I suppose.

***

#5 DO’S!

Do you think anyone likes you? 
  - I believe so !

Do you ever wish you were someone else? 
  - Not really, although I'd love to know someone else's thought process.

Do you know the muffin man? 
- Wait right there let me Google him. ..
So I just spent a good two minutes watching a video of muffins with the rhyme...Now we know the muffin man..the muffin  man..the muffin man!

Does the future scare you?
  - Totally

Do your parents know about your blog? 
  - Yes they do. Mom occasionally reads the posts she finds in FB, dad when I tell him to, and my sister only when I write about my crushes. Well, mostly. Wait, you asked about parents. Oh well.

***

#4 WHY’S!
Why  are you best friends with your best friend? 
  - It just happened with time, it wasn't a choice. We're best friends because we've been through a lot together and promise to remain the same.

Why did you get into blogging?
  -  I thought it would be a nice idea to collect my occasional spurts of written thoughts in here. Inspired by two of my friends who started blogging - one a photography blogger and the other a tech blogger. 

Why did your parents give you the name you have? 
  - Because they liked it. Duh.

Why are you doing this survey? 
  - For fun! Seeing this in a few blogs made me want to do it too.

***

#3 IFS!

If you could have one super power what could it b e?
 - It's hard to choose. To be able to fly? To go invisible? Or maybe make time stop when I want to so I can read books or think as long as I want without any disruptions. And oh, reading people's minds too maybe!

If you could go back in one time and change one thing, would you?
 - I can't think of anything that I'd want to change in the past, but I'd love to visit it.

If you were stranded on a deserted island and could bring one thing, what would you bring?
 - Someone for company. We'll figure something out together.

***

#2 WOULD YOU EVER?

Would you ever get back together if one of your ex’s ever asked you? 
  - I'm gonna skip this one.

Would you ever shave your head to save someone you love? 
  - If it's to save someone, definitely.

***

#1 LAST QUESTION!

Are you happy with your life right now?
  - Honestly, I'm not sure what to feel about my life right now. So far so good, and fingers crossed for whatever adventures are waiting ahead!
.

What about you? Ask yourselves these questions and have some fun!

..
Linking with #WritingWednesdays at Write Tribe


          Latvijas tenisisti uzzinājuši pretiniekus Vimbldonas čempionātā   
Latvijas tenisisti Jeļena Ostapenko, Anastasija Sevastova un Ernests Gulbis piektdien izlozē noskaidroja savus pirmos pretiniekus sezonas trešajā "Grand Slam" turnīrā, Vimbldonas tenisa čempionātā.
          The NBt Review 101   
All this cool music. There may be a crisis within the music industry, but the independents are sure doing their best to make it a vibrant exciting world of sound. All reviews except where noted are by Martin Smit of the NBT Project. Fever Changing –WarTapes (Independent Release) Hurtling forwards the music the singing is twisted […]
          Guinea Bissau: Fresh Talks to End 2-Year Deadlock   
[RFI] Guinea-Bissau's President Jose Mario Vaz was scheduled to meet political parties on Thursday to try to put an end to the country's political crisis. He's been given three months by the West African Economic Community (Ecowas) to find a solution.
          Republicans Force Pentagon to Push Global Warming   

Every time you think Congress has hit rock bottom, they manage to exceed your expectations.

The House Armed Services Committee’s annual defense policy bill will include a provision requiring a Defense Department report on the effects of climate change on military installations.

Why? You're wondering.

Why is the Pentagon going to be wasting time providing ammo and employment to leftists to continue Obama's corruption of the military into a social justice organization instead of focusing on the somewhat more pressing national security threats that we face, ranging from terrorism to nuclear war to China's escalation?

Why are we going to see these same reports and the leftists writing them being touted in a larger push to impose carbon taxes and other Warmunist plans to raise the prices of everything with the profits going to their special interests and agendas?

Because a Dem proposed it and enough Pubs backed it.

The amendment — brought up by Rep. Jim Langevin (D-R.I.) in the readiness portion of Wednesday’s markup — instructs each military service to come up with a list of the top 10 military installations likely to be affected by climate change over the next 20 years.

Such a provision aims to ensure that the Defense Department “is prepared to address the effects of a changing climate on threat assessments, resources and readiness,” according to the amendment language.

Rep. Liz Cheney (R-Wyo.) was the sole lawmaker to speak out against the amendment, claiming it instructs the Pentagon “to take their eye off the ball.”

“We have heard testimony in front of this committee consistently about the array of imminent threats we face … the Russians, Chinese, ISIS, al Qaeda, Iran, North Korea. … There is simply no way that you can argue that climate change is one of those threats. Not even close,” she said. “There is no evidence that climate change causes war.”

She continued: “North Korea is not developing nuclear tipped ICBMs because the climate’s changing. ISIS and al Qaeda are not attacking the West because of the weather.”

You would think that this would be the Republican position... you would think.

But several of her Republican colleagues, including Rep. Rob Bishop (R-Utah), disagreed with her take.

“There is a line in the play ‘1776’ about the Declaration of Independence: ‘I’ve never seen, heard nor smelled an issue so dangerous it couldn’t be talked about.’ There’s nothing dangerous about talking about it. It’s a report,” Bishop said.

I'm glad that Bishop is taking his inspiration for national security policy from musicals. 

There's a big difference between "talking about it" and making it a priority to produce reports validating a leftist talking point. How about having the Pentagon produce reports discussing the threat of Islamic immigration to bases.

Suddenly, that will be an issue too dangerous to be talked about. Even though it, unlike the Great Flying Global Warming Monster whom the left worships, is actually a national security threat. 

Rep. Jim Bridenstine (R-Okla.) backed up Bishop’s line of thinking. “It’s just a report and there are strategic implications that we need to be aware of,” he said.

That's politese for "I have no idea hat any of this is about, but let me stay on the safe side and not stick my neck out."

Rep. Susan Davis (R-Calif.) called the amendment “a start.”

Climate change “is one of those issues that is sort of in that bucket that we ignore at our own peril,” Davis said.

The leftist corruption of the GOP is another of those issues.

This is what happens when there's no organized agenda, no comprehensive messaging, and no understanding of the threats and problems we face.


          Unacceptable call for Al Jazeera's closure in Gulf crisis   
Publisher: Reporters Without Borders - Document type: Country News
          FCA chief: There is no such thing as free banking   

FCA chief executive Andrew Bailey has said “free” banking services such as current accounts do not exist because they are subsidised by other services. In a speech at a British Bankers’ Association conference today, Bailey took stock of the retail banking market since the financial crisis, saying it was “hard to escape the issue” of […]

The post FCA chief: There is no such thing as free banking appeared first on Fund Strategy.


          Your Voice: Drastic decisions at Delta College   
by Sam Hatch, Lodi

EDITOR,

Besides the budget crisis, the public should know a second storyline is unfolding at Delta College: the reshaping of the college’s mission without much reflection by faculty and staff.

The state budget crisis has become an opportunity to jettison support services for Delta’s most vulnerable students. This summer, the Economic Opportunity Programs and Services and Disabled Student Programs and Services suffered reductions of 31 percent because of cuts in state funding for the programs. Despite carrying over $10 million dollars from the most recent fiscal year, the college used none of that money to help students in these programs.

Although some funding has recently been restored, the college appears to be hedging on its commitment to ensure educational access to all students.

The current round of so-called “strategic” budget cuts have been focused on basic skills — reading, ESL, developmental writing — services for the college’s most vulnerable students.

Of course, judicious cuts to all programs are a financial necessity. However, balancing the budget by slashing these programs so deeply does a disservice to the majority of our students.

Roughly 38 percent of Delta’s students read at or below the sixth-grade level, and another 46 percent read between the sixth- and ninth-grade levels. Without a sound core of support services, many of our students won’t have a reasonable chance of success.

With more “strategic” cuts expected in the spring, the college will soon help many fewer students looking for an educational second chance.

• Sam Hatch is a San Joaquin Delta College faculty member.

Thanks for reading!
Tracy Press - News, events, classifieds and businesses in Tracy, Calif.
          Editorial's inaccuracy harms Delta College status   
February 28, 2009 6:00 AM
The Record editorial of Feb. 20 titled "Time to get serious; Probation a prospect not to be taken lightly by Delta College" left me with several concerns.

The most important of these is your contention that San Joaquin Delta College has ignored or put off action on more than half the suggestions of the accrediting commission. This has no basis in fact. Significant efforts began immediately to address all 11 recommendations mentioned by the commission in its initial report in July, and these efforts continue today. The latest report from the commission contains only six recommendations and has allowed us to adjust our focus and to accelerate our responses to the remaining issues.

Make no mistake: Accreditation weighs heavily on everyone's mind at Delta College. While being placed on probation is indeed a serious matter, it nonetheless serves no positive purpose to suggest that anyone at Delta College is taking this issue lightly.

Further, I find it dispiriting that The Record correctly printed in an article by Alex Breitler on Feb. 18 that the college Board of Trustees took definitive action to resolve a key accreditation issue: namely, to establish and adopt a code of ethics governing their actions. Then, two days later, The Record inexplicably wrote in an editorial that the Board of Trustees had failed to adopt a code of ethics.

While such inaccuracies may appear insignificant to your editorial board and perhaps even to those who read your paper, you may find it interesting to note that a contributing factor to the accrediting commission's decision to place the college on probation had to do with its continuing examination of local media coverage as it pertains to the Delta College Board of Trustees.

The November election resulted in the replacement of four of seven seats on the San Joaquin Delta College Board of Trustees. Since that time, another seat has been vacated and filled. The five new board members are working diligently with the two remaining members on a wide variety of inherited challenges as well as current issues raised by the financial crisis facing California and the rest of the country.

At Delta College, we recognize and support the media's responsibility to shine the light of public scrutiny on the operations of public agencies. When we err, we stand ready to accept any deserved criticism for our actions. However, given the seriousness of the college's accreditation situation, it is more important now than ever before that The Record's coverage of these issues be both accurate and fair.

Raúl Rodríguez
Superintendent/president, San Joaquin Delta College

» NOTE: We erred in our editorial. The news story of Feb. 18, "Delta College placed on probation by peer group," does indeed say the new Board of Trustees has adopted a code of ethics.
          Archaeologist says Palmyra 'can be almost entirely rebuilt'   
The large archaeological site Palmyra in Syria was severely damaged by the Islamic State (ISIS) but not pulverized and can be almost entirely rebuilt, said Paolo Matthiae. The Arch of Triumph was severely damaged by so-called Islamic State militants [Credit: CNN]The archaeologist, a prominent international expert, said that most of the ruins can be restored using traditional methods. Speaking at the presentation of the exhibition 'I...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

          Egypt's sunken antiquities threatened by ship waste   
Alexandria's eastern harbour is one of the oldest ports in the world. But divers and archaeologists on a mission to preserve history are more interested in what lies below the surface – the legendary old city of Alexandria in Egypt. A sunken red granite tower, part of a pylon of the Isis temple, is lifted out of the Mediterranean Sea  off the archaeological eastern harbour of Alexandria, Egypt. December 17, 2009 [Credit: AP]A...

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

          En busca del mejor smartphone fotográfico en la gama media: comparativa de seis teléfonos   

Img 0023

Cada día vemos cómo las marcas apuestan con más fuerza por nutrir su gama media y darle a los usuarios que quieren prescindir de los topes de gama, una experiencia mucho más completa. Uno de los elementos que ha sufrido mejoras considerables en esta gama durante los últimos años ha sido el equipo fotográfico.

Por ello, hemos preparado una comparativa fotográfica entre las cámaras de algunos de los mejores gama media del momento, algo que ya hicimos en su día con los gama alta. Veamos cuáles han sido los resultados que nos han reportado y cuál de ellos puede presumir de contar con el equipo fotográfico más completo.

La gama media y su apuesta por la fotografía

Como decíamos, las compañías están poniendo toda la carne en el asador para dotar a sus gama media (y a todas las gamas en general) de mejores cámaras, pues admitámoslo, es uno de los elementos que más se tiene en cuenta a la hora de decantarnos por un teléfono u otro.

Img 0016

Los móviles que hemos elegido para poner a prueba en nuestra comparativa fotográfica tienen características similares, especialmente en cuanto a la resolución de sus sensores y el tamaño del mismo, pero obviamente, en fotografía (especialmente móvil) otros elementos como el software son determinantes a la hora de medir resultados.

Todos estos teléfonos ya los hemos probado en múltiples aspectos de su naturaleza en nuestros análisis, pero ahora vamos a centrarnos solo en su cámara principal y a compararlos entre ellos. Los protagonistas de esta comparativa son el BQ Aquaris X, Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017) , Sony Xperia XA1 , Motorola Moto G5 Plus , Huawei Nova Plus y Nubia Z11 MiniS.

BQ Aquaris X

Samsung Galaxy A5 2017

Sony Xperia XA1

Motorola Moto G5 Plus

Huawei Nova Plus

Nubia Z11 MiniS

RESOLUCIÓN SENSOR

16 MPX

16 MPX

23 MPX

12 MPX

16 MPX

23 MPX

TAMAÑO SENSOR

1.12"

--

1,23"

1,4"

1.12"

1,26"

DISTANCIA FOCAL

24 mm

27 mm

24 mm

26 mm

27 mm

25 mm

APERTURA

f/2.0

f/1.9

f/2.0

f/1.7

f/2.0

f/2.0

ESTABILIZACIÓN ÓPTICA

En vídeo

No

En vídeo (estabilizador Steadyshot)

No

No

No

ENFOQUE

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

Autoenfoque PDAF

PRECIO

279 euros

299 euros

259 euros

247 euros

300 euros

329 euros

Lo que nos prometen

Como vemos en la tabla de características, casi todos los dispositivos que vamos a someter a prueba se mueven en unos niveles de megapíxeles similares, salvo el Sony Xperia XA1 y el Nubia Z11 MiniS que llegan hasta los 23 MPX. En realidad este dato no es el más importante a la hora de obtener los resultados, ya que éstos dependerán del compendio formado por el tamaño del sensor (como regla general, cuanto más grande es el sensor mayor será la calidad final de la imagen), la apertura máxima de éste y si cuenta o no con estabilización.

apertura Una apertura mayor, representada por un número f menor, deja pasar más luz que una apertura menor.

En el caso de estos teléfonos ninguno cuenta con estabilizador (en foto) y el sensor de mayor tamaño se lo lleva el Nubia Z11 MiniS, aunque la apertura mayor la luce el Motorola Moto G5 Plus, que a su vez cuenta con un menor número de megapíxeles. Como vemos sobre el papel, al final todos los teléfonos cuentan puntos fuertes y otros menores, por lo que se compensarían en resultados, pero vamos a verlo in situ.

La importancia del software

Además de las especificaciones técnicas que podemos encontrar en la cámara de un teléfono (tamaño del señor, estabilización o tipo de enfoque), el software es un elemento clave que puede, no solo optimizar o echar a perder los resultados, sino también afectar a nuestra experiencia como usuarios.

El software es un elemento clave del que no solo dependen los resultados, sino también nuestra experiencia con el teléfono

Los fabricantes, conscientes de ello, ofrecen softwares fotográficos cada vez más completos, incluyendo modos manuales que nos permiten experimentar con la cámara como lo haríamos en fotografía tradicional, o gran cantidad de modos automáticos creativos (en ocasiones de dudosa utilidad). Vamos a ver qué es lo que nos han ofrecido en estos términos cada uno de los teléfonos de nuestra prueba.

Samsung Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)

En el caso de este teléfono franquicia de Samsung, nos hemos topado con un software muy competente, ya que encontramos en él lo que necesitamos, ni más ni menos. Modos automático, panorámico y HDR junto con el modo Pro que nos permite ajustar la exposición, la sensibilidad ISO y el balance de blancos. Un software escueto pero completo, fácil de usar y muy intuitivo.

Nova Huawei Nova Plus

Seguimos con el software del Huawei Nova Plus, del que si bien no tenemos críticas muy intensas, tenemos sentimientos encontrados. Por un lado el modo profesional es tremendamente completo (de los que más en esta gama), sin embargo, nos topamos con un menú muy poco intuitivo para acceder a los modos y con bastantes funciones automáticas que, como pasa en muchos móviles chinos, no son realmente útiles y al final acabamos por no utilizarlas nunca.

Sony Sony Xperia XA1

En el caso del Xperia XA1, nos damos de bruces con un software que hace desmerecer un sensor cuya calidad nos daba grandes esperanzas sobre el papel. Y es que Sony sigue apostando por su modo automático superior, que ajusta bastante bien en la mayoría de situaciones, pero sin embargo, deja bastante oculto el modo manual, por lo que encontrar los ajustes dentro de éste resulta bastante caótico, algo que al final, nos reconduce a utilizar el modo automático con tal de no estar navegando en un mar de ajustes ocultos.

Moto Moto G5 Plus

Motorola ha cuidado algo más la aplicación de su cámara en el Moto G5 Plus y su interfaz es bastante sencilla de usar, permitiéndonos realizar fácilmente ajustes desde la pantalla del visor y encontrar los modos sin tener que rebuscar demasiado. Al igual que en el Galaxy A5 (2017), encontramos pocos modos, pero útiles, y entre ellos el mejor es el modo profesional de disparo, que permite ajustar de manera manual el enfoque, el balance de blancos y la sensibilidad ISO.

Minis Nubia Z11 MiniS

Nubia también peca de este "horror vacui" de modos dentro de la aplicación de su cámara que sobrecarga la experiencia más que la favorece. Pese a ello, es bastante sencilla de utilizar, no tenemos que rebuscar entre ajustes ni modos para llegar hasta el que queremos y el modo manual es bastante completo.

BQ BQ Aquaris X

Por último vamos con el software del BQ Aquaris X que, sin sobrecargar (aunque cuenta con varios modos automáticos), da bastantes posibilidades de juego. BQ ha apostado en este teléfono y en su versión Pro por un modo HDR+ bastante procesado pero sin llegar a excederse que puede resultar atractivo, pero sin duda, lo que más se disfruta de su app es el modo modo profesional de disparo, que nos permite ajustar enfoque, el balance de blancos y la ISO.

Img 0022

A plena luz del día

Tal y como hemos visto, todas las cámaras cuentan con un software bastante completo y con los modos manual y profesional como elemento común, pero ahora vamos a ver cuáles han sido los resultados que nos han reportado cada uno de estos equipos fotográficos en diferentes condiciones lumínicas.

Lo primero que vamos a ver es el resultado en la mejor de las condiciones, en la que, a priori, cualquier teléfono con un sensor medianamente decente debería sacar pecho y lucir el mejor de sus resultados. Hablamos de un entorno exterior con luz natural en plena golden hour (justo cuando el sol está más bajo), el mejor momento para hacer uso de la luz del sol.

Photo 2017 06 21 14 19 47 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Photo 2017 06 20 22 45 31 Huawei Nova Plus

Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 55 Moto G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 50 3 Sony Xperia XA1
Minis 2 Nubia Z11 MiniS
BQ Aquaris X BQ Aquaris X

Todos los disparos los realizamos en modo manual, por lo que los ajustes serán si no los mismos, muy similares. Podemos apreciar que los resultados, aunque no difieren demasiado entre sí, nos dejan un Galaxy A5 (2017) haciendo el mejor trabajo en cuanto a la representación del color pese a que nos encontramos con algunas zonas brillantes algo quemadas.

En rasgos generales, el nivel de detalle de las seis cámaras es muy alto, aunque cuando ampliamos las fotos, la mayor pérdida de éste llega de mano del Moto G5 Plus, que es de todos los dispositivos probados el que cuenta con un sensor de menos megapíxeles de resolución con diferencia (12 MPX). Contradictoriamente, el Sony Xperia XA1, a pesar de contar con el sensor de mayor resolución (23 MPX) nos deja un resultado peor de los esperado, pudiendo deberse esto a que no ha elegido los ajustes correctos en el modo automático. Detalles 1 Detalles 2

Primeros planos y tratamiento del color

Aprovechando la luz natural, hemos realizado unas muestras para ver el nivel de detalle al acercarnos (sin utilizar el zoom) y también cuál es el tratamiento del color que obtenemos tras el procesado. Como podemos observar, el nivel de detalle en primer plano es bastante resuelto en todos los modelos y las diferencias en este sentido son muy pocas, pero se podríamos decir que el BQ Aquaris X es el que nos deja un mejor margen de detalle, pues si observamos con detenimiento las flores, se aprecian detalles como los pistilos e incluso el tacto de las hojas.

No podemos decir lo mismo del tratamiento del color. En el caso del BQ Aquaris X, aunque nos da más detalle, el procesado redunda demasiado los colores, dando un resultado llamativo, pero bastante alejado de la realidad. En este sentido observamos que el Motorola G5 Plus satura bastante el color, y que el Nubia Z11 Mini abusa del contraste matando bastante la tonalidad natural. Viendo la escena en directo y conociendo la tonalidad real, me decanto por el Sony Xperia XA1, siendo el teléfono más fiel a la realidad y sus matices.

Photo 2017 06 21 14 19 45 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Photo 2017 06 20 22 45 32 Huawei Nova Plus
Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 56 Motorola G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 48 Sony Xperia XA1
Photo 2017 06 20 22 24 29 BQ Aquaris X
Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 29 Nubia Z11 Mini

HDR, la deuda pendiente

El modo HDR solía ser más un problema que una ventaja en la fotografía móvil, pues por norma general, nos encontrábamos con efectos muy agresivos y demasiado tratados que destrozaban por completo las fotos. De un tiempo a esta parte los fabricantes se han puesto las pilas en este tema, y como vamos a ver a continuación, los resultados que nos han dado nuestros teléfonos a prueba nos han dejado bastante satisfechos.

Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 25 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Photo 2017 06 20 22 45 33 2 Huawei Nova Plus
Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 56 4 Moto G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 51 Sony Xperia XA1
Photo 2017 06 20 22 24 24 BQ Aquaris X
Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 25 Nubia Z11 Mini

Como podemos observar hay diferencias entre cómo procesan el HDR unos y otros, pero en rasgos generales todos nos han dado unos resultados que, sin salirse de la esencia de lo que es este modo en sí, no resultan nada cargados ni surrealistas. Si tenemos que elegir un ganador en este apartado para mí sería el Sony Xperia XA1, creo que el resultado es el más intenso y a la vez más natural de los seis.

De noche todos los gatos son pardos

Ya hemos visto lo bien que se portan nuestros móviles cuando la luz está de su parte, pero ha llegado el momento de hacerles sufrir un poco. Y es que cuando la luz pierde intensidad, bien porque es de noche o porque estamos en un interior con luz artificial, es cuando ponemos el sensor a prueba de verdad y podemos ver de lo que es capaz.Noche 1 Noche 2

En las imágenes que podemos ver aquí, observamos que el nivel de detalle en el Galaxy A5 (2017) es bastante bueno, aunque tiende a dar calidez al color para contrarrestar la ausencia de luz. Algo similar hace el Moto G5 Plus, que también tira hacia la calidez a diferencia del Sony Xperia XA1 que contrarresta tintando hacia azules, algo que da menos naturalidad pero sí más nitidez.

Photo 2017 06 21 14 19 47 2 Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017)
Nova Noche Huawei Nova Plus
Photo 2017 06 21 14 28 47 3 Sony Xperia XA1
Photo 2017 06 20 22 24 28 3 BQ Aquaris X
Photo 2017 06 20 22 05 55 2 Motorola G5 Plus
Photo 2017 06 20 22 32 26 2 Nubia Z11 Mini

En esta última escena, donde tenemos un interior con luz artificial, podemos observar que mientras que el Nova Plus y el Motorola G5 Plus (pese a tener un mayor tamaño de sensor) muestran lascas de ruido, el Xperia XA1 resuelve muchísimo mejor la escena dotándola de mayor nitidez (gracias a la resolución de su sensor).

Haciendo zoom

Por último vamos a ver otro de los puntos débiles de las cámaras en los móviles: el zoom. Y es que pese a que poco a poco nos vamos encontrando con tecnologías más avanzadas, hacer zoom en un móvil sigue siendo condenar la foto al abismo del ruido.

Prueba Foto sin zoom

Zoom Muestras de zoom

Como vemos, este apartado tiene claramente un ganador, y éste es el Nubia Z11 MiniS, aunque le sigue muy de cerca el BQ Aquaris X. Ambos modelos han reportado resultado muy nítidos con el zoom al máximo, algo de lo que no puede presumir el Motorola G5 Plus que se ha llevado la peor parte en esta última prueba.

Aún quedan mejoras pero vamos por el buen camino

Img 0002 Recapitulando todo lo que hemos visto hasta ahora, las conclusiones nos llevan hacia un mismo pensamiento: que la fotografía móvil va por muy buen camino. Y es que no debemos olvidar que a pesar de los fallos que hemos encontrado y del margen de mejora que aún queda, esta tecnología crece a pasos agigantados.

De los móviles que hemos probado, si tuviéramos que elegir un ganador según los resultados obtenidos, nos quedaríamos con el Samsung Galaxy A5 (2017) y su sensor de 16 MP con apertura f/1.9 que ha resuelto bastante bien en todas las condiciones salvo en el zoom, aunque tampoco ha quedado de los últimos.

Pese a todo, repetimos, en rasgos generales encontramos muchos avances en puntos que hasta hora eran críticos como el modo HDR o el tratamiento del color y además, sensores mucho más luminosos que se muestran como el preludio de todo lo bueno que aún nos queda por conocer en términos de fotografía móvil.

En Xataka Móvil | Kodak Ektra, análisis: así es como Kodak quiere resucitar como fabricante de móviles

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La noticia En busca del mejor smartphone fotográfico en la gama media: comparativa de seis teléfonos fue publicada originalmente en Xataka Móvil por Érika García .


          Pantalla OLED y 18:9 para el LG V30, que no tendría su característica segunda pantalla    

Lg V30

Cuando LG despliega toda su maquinaria de marketing durante el MWC de Barcelona de febrero, no termina su trabajo en lo que se refiere a sus líderes de catálogo. Hay otro gran evento reservado para la segunda mitad del año, el día en que desde hace dos generaciones hemos dado la bienvenida a los teléfonos de la serie V.

El teléfono inaugural de dicha serie fue el LG V10, lanzado en el año 2015, y su característica principal, continuada en el LG V20, puede estar a punto de desaparecer. Y la culpa la tendría el propio LG G6 presentado este año, con su cambio de ratio de pantalla. Si se confirman los rumores, el LG V30 no tendría pantalla secundaria.

Llega el OLED y mantenemos el ratio del LG G6

Lg Oled

Con la carrera de los distintos fabricantes para colocar en el mercado terminales sin apenas marcos se ha producido algo que puede cambiar el sector para siempre, la llegada de distintos ratios o aspectos de pantalla. Comenzó LG con su LG G6 y su pantalla 2:1, o 18:9, y siguió Samsung poco después con los 18,5:9 de los Samsung Galaxy S8.

Los rumores que rodean al LG V30 hablan de que sería el primer teléfono en montar un panel OLED fabricado por la propia LG, desechando así las pantallas LCD que habían montado hasta ahora, pero también hablan del ratio de pantalla. Si todo acaba confirmándose, el LG V30 tendría una gran pantalla de 18:9 y eso haría que montar un segundo panel frontal fuese redundante, y sobre todo poco económico en cuanto al espacio aprovechado.

Si se confirma la desaparición de la segunda pantalla, el LG V30 sería un teléfono "convencional"

La pantalla secundaria, que hasta ahora se colocaba en la esquina superior derecha del teléfono, junto a la cámara frontal, se reemplazaría por un menú por software que podría activarse y desactivarse y aparecería debajo de la pantalla, aprovechando así el ratio. Es decir, una pantalla normal con un menú inferior fijo sobre el panel OLED.

Así pues, todo apunta a que el futuro LG V30 se convertirá en un teléfono convencional, separándose de la línea disruptora de doble pantalla que había empleado hasta ahora y que llegó a expandirse hacia las gamas medias del fabricante con el LG X Screen. Una sola pantalla para el LG V30, con un panel OLED de fabricación propia y probablemente de 6 pulgadas o más, siguiendo los pasos del Galaxy S8 Plus de la competencia.

Otras características que siguen asociadas a este futuro LG V30 son su procesador, el Snapdragon 835, y al menos 4GB para la RAM y 64GB para el almacenamiento interno. Aunque no se descarta que haya versiones superiores o que la propia versión básica sea aún más voluminosa en cuanto a chips. Veremos qué sucede, de momento permanecemos a la espera para conocer nuevas informaciones sobre el futuro flagship de LG.

Vía | XTA-Developers
En Xataka Móvil | Nuevos rumores sobre el LG V30: la cámara dual se pasa a la parte frontal

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La noticia Pantalla OLED y 18:9 para el LG V30, que no tendría su característica segunda pantalla fue publicada originalmente en Xataka Móvil por Samuel Fernández .


          The World Is Now $217,000,000,000,000 In Debt And The Global Elite Like It That Way   

Authored by Michael Snyder via The Economic Collapse blog,

The borrower is the servant of the lender, and through the mechanism of government debt virtually the entire planet has become the servants of the global money changers.  Politicians love to borrow money, but over time government debt slowly but surely impoverishes a nation.  As the elite get governments around the globe in increasing amounts of debt, those governments must raise taxes in order to keep servicing those debts.  In the end, it is all about taking money from us and transferring it into government pockets, and then taking money from government pockets and transferring it into the hands of the elite.  It is a game that has been going on for generations, and it is time for humanity to say that enough is enough.

According to the Institute of International Finance, global debt has now reached a new all-time record high of 217 trillion dollars

Global debt levels have surged to a record $217 trillion in the first quarter of the year. This is 327 percent of the world’s annual economic output (GDP), reports the Institute of International Finance (IIF).

 

The surging debt was driven by emerging economies, which have increased borrowing by $3 trillion to $56 trillion. This amounts to 218 percent of their combined economic output, five percentage points greater year on year.

Never before in human history has our world been so saturated with debt.

And what all of this debt does is that it funnels wealth to the very top of the global wealth pyramid.  In other words, it makes global wealth inequality far worse because this system is designed to make the rich even richer and the poor even poorer.

Every year the gap between the wealthy and the poor grows, and it has gotten to the point that eight men have as much wealth as the poorest 3.6 billion people on this planet combined

Eight men own the same wealth as the 3.6 billion people who make up the poorest half of humanity, according to a new report published by Oxfam today to mark the annual meeting of political and business leaders in Davos.

This didn’t happen by accident.  Sadly, most people don’t even understand that this is literally what our system was designed to do.

Today, more than 99 percent of the population of the planet lives in a country that has a central bank.  And debt-based central banking is designed to get national governments trapped in endless debt spirals from which they can never possibly escape.

For example, just consider the Federal Reserve.  During the four decades before the Federal Reserve was created, our country enjoyed the best period of economic growth in U.S. history.  But since the Fed was established in 1913, the value of the U.S. dollar has fallen by approximately 98 percent and the size of our national debt has gotten more than 5000 times larger.

It isn’t an accident that we are 20 trillion dollars in debt.  The truth is that the debt-based Federal Reserve is doing exactly what it was originally designed to do.  And no matter what politicians will tell you, we will never have a permanent solution to our debt problem until we get rid of the Federal Reserve.

In 2017, interest on the national debt will be nearly half a trillion dollars.

That means that close to 500 billion of our tax dollars will go out the door before our government spends a single penny on the military, on roads, on health care or on anything else.

And we continue to pile up debt at a rate of more than 100 million dollars an hour.  According to the Congressional Budget Office, the federal government will add more than a trillion dollars to the national debt once again in 2018…

Unless current laws are changed, federal individual income tax collections will increase by 9.5 percent in fiscal 2018, which begins on Oct. 1, according to data released today by the Congressional Budget Office.

 

At the same time, however, the federal debt will increase by more than $1 trillion.

We shouldn’t be doing this, but we just can’t seem to stop.

Let me try to put this into perspective.  If you could somehow borrow a million dollars today and obligate your children to pay it off for you, would you do it?

Maybe if you really hate your children you would, but most loving parents would never do such a thing.

But that is precisely what we are doing on a national level.

Thomas Jefferson was strongly against government debt because he believed that it was a way for one generation to steal from another generation.  And he actually wished that he could have added another amendment to the U.S. Constitution which would have banned government borrowing…

“I wish it were possible to obtain a single amendment to our Constitution. I would be willing to depend on that alone for the reduction of the administration of our government to the genuine principles of its Constitution; I mean an additional article, taking from the federal government the power of borrowing.”

And the really big secret that none of us are supposed to know is that governments don’t actually have to borrow money.

But if we start saying that too loudly the people that are making trillions of dollars from the current system are going to get very, very upset with us.

Today, we are living in the terminal phase of the biggest debt bubble in the history of the planet.  Every debt bubble eventually ends tragically, and this one will too.

Bill Gross recently noted that “our highly levered financial system is like a truckload of nitro glycerin on a bumpy road”.  One wrong move and the whole thing could blow sky high.

When everything comes crashing down and a great crisis happens, we are going to have a choice.

We could try to rebuild the fundamentally flawed old system, or we could scrap it and start over with something much better.

My hope is that we will finally learn our lesson and discard the debt-based central banking model for good.

The reason why I am writing about this so much ahead of time is so that people will actually understand why the coming crisis is happening as it unfolds.

If we can get everyone to understand how we are being systematically robbed and cheated, perhaps people will finally get mad enough to do something about it.


          Hedge Fund Traders Return To Banking As Trump Promises To 'Make Prop Trading Great Again'   

The hedge fund industry is finding itself in increasingly dire straits as persistently weak returns and the advent of low-cost investing have forced more and more funds to shut down. So, it's unsurprising that, amid this steadily worsening backdrop, more traders are heading for the exits. But where are the heading? Increasingly, more traders are moving back from where they came - i.e. the big banks, which expect to see a boost in trading revenue as President Donald Trump has vowed to dial back postcrisis regulations that forced banks to wind down their prop desks.

In recent months, a number of high-profile hedge fund names have made the leap back to banking, according to Bloomberg.

“This month, Barclays Plc hired Chris Leonard, a founder of two hedge funds in the decade since he left JPMorgan Chase & Co., to turn around U.S. rates trading. At the end of last year, ex-bankers Roberto Hoornweg and Chris Rivelli, both of Brevan Howard Asset Management, left that London hedge fund for banks.

 

Recruiters say these moves and others aren’t just the usual attrition: banks in New York and London are interesting employers again a decade after the financial crisis, and may get involved in more proprietary trading if President Trump eases regulatory burdens. There’s also another factor: many macro funds just don’t make money anymore.

 

One recruiter says he expects defections to increase over the next nine months.

 

“In the last quarter of the year or first quarter of 2018, you will find more people leaving the hedge funds to join banks to run proprietary money,” said Jason Kennedy, chief executive officer of the Kennedy Group in London, which hires for banks and hedge funds. “The banks will become more attractive in terms of jobs and pay.”

The Trump administration has struggled to pass elements of its agenda - most notable its plan to repeal and replace Obamacare. And it only recently scored a partial victory on its immigration ban. Yet financial deregulation is one area where the Trump agenda is moving inexorably forward. On June 13, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin issued a report – the first in a series that will detail how the administration plans to proceed with paring back post-crisis regulations.  Some of the more notable proposals in the highly-anticipated report include: adjusting the annual stress tests, easing trading rules (i.e., gutting the Volcker Rule), and paring back the power of the watchdogs - like the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. Unlike the administration’s health-care plans, these measures enjoy broad support among Republicans.

Meanwhile, hedge funds are finding it increasingly difficult to compete for top talent.

"...the bar within the hedge-fund world has increased dramatically over the last year,” Kennedy said.

 

Hedge funds, stung by years of underperformance and revolts from investors, are increasingly under pressure to dump their traditional 2 percent management and 20 percent performance-fee model, curtailing their ability to hire and retain talent. Louis Bacon’s Moore Capital Management, Tudor Investment Corp., Och-Ziff Capital Management Group LLC, Canyon Capital Advisors and Brevan Howard were among money managers who cut fees last year. More hedge funds shuttered last year than started, a trend that continued in the first quarter of 2017, according to data from Hedge Fund Research Inc.

 

“It is not surprising that traders are looking for a safe haven, and if banks have more room to operate these moves could make sense,” said John Purcell of Purcell & Co., a London-based executive recruitment firm."

The unprecedented easy money policies adopted by the world's largest central banks in the aftermath of the crisis have hurt macro funds' profits by suppressing two-way volatility.

“Tim Sharp made the move back to the sell side even earlier, and says banks now have attractive niche trading businesses and many are nearly done downsizing. He joined Credit Suisse Group AG in July 2015 after less than a year running money at BlueCrest Capital Management LLP, the firm led by Michael Platt. At the end of that year, Platt’s firm, once among Europe’s largest hedge funds, announced it would return about $7 billion of the $8 billion it managed.

 

“It’s very difficult for macro funds," Sharp said in an interview. “Central bank policies have crushed volatility and reduced opportunities, and also it’s survival of the fittest.”

 

Sharp, who is now a director at Credit Suisse, left BlueCrest a few months after the Swiss central bank’s shock decision to remove its currency cap, which caused losses at several firms.

 

"Macro as an overall strategy has recently experienced a prolonged phase of lackluster returns, triggering a number of unwinds at big shops," said Nicolas Roth, co-head of alternative assets at Geneva-based Reyl & Cie.”

As Bloomberg explains, the flow of traders back into banking is a reversal of a trend that began in 2008, when banks, reelingfrom the crisis, saw an exodus of traders move to the buy side as many hoped to cash in on the postcrisis recovery. The advent of the Volcker rule forced banks to wind down their prop trading desks, spurring even more defections. Another factor: the rising cost of regulatory compliance is making it increasingly expensive to start a hedge fund.

"Hedge funds were booming. In 2009, hedge funds gained almost 20 percent, their best yearly performance since 1999, according to the HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index; a year later, they returned 10.3 percent.

 

While macro strategies raised $13.8 billion in the first five months of this year, the most of any trading strategy tracked by eVestment, investors are disappointed by their returns. Traders wagering on currencies and rates continue to struggle, even as peers are showing signs of recovering from their multi-year funk.

 

Andrew Law’s Caxton Associates lost 8 percent this year through May and told clients that it’s slashing performance and management fees. Paul Brewer’s hedge fund Rubicon Global Fund plunged about 27 percent this year, hurt by wrong-way currency wagers, people said earlier this month.

 

It’s also more expensive to start a hedge fund than it was, because of the difficult capital raising environment and rising cost of regulatory compliance.

 

“Some macro traders are returning to the sell side, maybe in a hope that a Dodd-Frank rollback will re-open proprietary trading activity,” Roth said."

Here’s a breakdown of other personnel moves, courtesy of Bloomberg.

  • Anthony Kemp returned to Morgan Stanley at the beginning of May from Stone Milliner Asset Management, which he joined in summer 2015
  • Alex Silverman left Citadel to join Morgan Stanley in New York at the end of March 2017
  • Dipak Shah joined Citigroup Inc. as director in October 2016 from Capula Investment Services after previously working at Goldman Sachs Group Inc.
     

          Grant Williams: Get Out of Equities Before Boomers Are Forced To Sell Them   

Authored by Stephen McBride via MauldinEconomics.com,

Last year, the first baby boomers turned 70 and that spells trouble for investors.

Speaking at the Mauldin Economics Strategic Investment Conference, Grant Williams, Co-Founder of RealVision TV, warned investors about the wave of forced selling by millions of retirees and the impact it will have on their portfolios.

Equities Make Up 70% of Boomers’ Portfolios

“Boomers are the largest generation in history to retire, and they’re doing so right now.”

In fact, according to Pew Research, 1.5 million Americans turned 70 last year and will do so every year for the next 15 years.

“When Boomers are retiring in their millions, they have 70% of their portfolios in equities… at a point in time when we are due a recession,” pointed out Grant Williams.

 

“And in recession, bad things happen… the average stock market drawdown in recession since 1980 is 37%.”

Just $136,000 Saved for Retirement

While boomers have their biggest allocation to equities they’ve ever had, Williams says the numbers don’t look good for them: “The reality is they don’t have enough money to retire.”

“According to BlackRock, the average Boomer has only $136,000 saved for retirement. Even with return assumptions fixed at 7%, when they’re more like 2%, you are talking an income of $9,000 a year… that’s $36,000 shy of the ideal retirement income,” adds Williams.

As such, boomers will be forced to look for income elsewhere. In the not-so-distant past, that has come from bonds.

As the below chart shows, once you hit the age of 65, you go through the most profound asset class shift since your 30s. You trim your equity positions and raise your bond exposure to lower the risk.

Source: Haver Analytics, Gluskin Sheff

However, with today’s yields, bonds won’t provide the needed income.

Even if boomers decide to stick to equities for higher yields, there’s another reason they will be forced to divest their equity holdings—one they have little choice in.

Forced to Sell 5% of Their Portfolios Every Year

Due to IRS mandatory minimum drawdown laws for retirement plans like IRAs and 401(k)s, when you turn 70 ½, you are forced to withdraw at least 5% of the value of the plan each year.

Williams thinks it will have profound implications: “Boomers started turning 70 ½ in April, this is a real problem and people don’t understand the ramifications of it.”

This forced selling will flood the market with billions worth of equities, which will push down prices.

Given that 15 million retirees will be forced to divest their equity holdings over the next decade, Grant has some thoughts on what investors like you and me should be doing today:

“Get out of equities. You might think you’re a wealthy guy… but if you have 70% of your portfolio in equities and you take a 40% haircut, you’re not a wealthy guy anymore.”

What Does This Mean for the US Economy?

For Grant’s thoughts on what the retirement crisis means for the US economy, big demographic trends, and more—watch the full interview below.


          Pensions Timebomb In America – "Global Crisis” Cometh   

Pensions Timebomb - Pensions "Are Going To Be A National Crisis"

- America’s underfunded pension system is “not a distant concern but a system already in crisis”...

- Tax may explode as governments seek to bail out insolvent pension plans

- Illinois, California, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Kentucky and eight other states vulnerable

- The simple mathematical mismatch at the heart of the pension crisis...

- Why the pension crisis really is “America’s silent crisis”...

- Pensions timebomb confronts Ireland, UK and most EU countries


By Brian Maher, Managing editor, The Daily Reckoning

"This is going to be a national crisis..."

“This” being America’s woefully underfunded pension liabilities, according to Karen Friedman. She’s the executive vice president of the Pension Rights Center.

(A place called the Pension Rights Center does in fact exist. We checked.)

MarketWatch columnist Jeff Reeves howls in confirmation that “collapsing pensions will fuel America’s next financial crisis.”

“This is not a distant concern,” warns he, “but a system already in crisis.”

According to data supplied by the Federal Reserve, pensions — public and private combined — were roughly 27% underfunded at the end of last year.

By some estimates, America’s public pensions alone are sunk in a $6 trillion abyss.

The issue, approached from any direction, is an impossible knot… a tar pit… a minotaur’s maze of blind alleys and dead ends.

How has the American pension come to such an estate?

Most public pension systems were built upon the sunny assumption that their investments will yield a handsome 7.5% annual return.

But consid