Hanna Sarakorpi - La directora del mejor colegio del mundo: "Los deberes son necesarios, pero una hora al día"   

La finlandesa Hanna Sarakorpi habla sobre las claves del éxito de la escuela que dirige y señala los retos que faltan por lograr en materia educativa, tanto en España como en su país.

etiquetas: entrevista directora, mejor colegio, finlandia, deberes, retos

» noticia original (www.vozpopuli.com)


          NSFW: Muscle daddy Terry Miller is the new face of Tom of Finland   


Muscle daddy Terry Miller is the new face (ass and crotch) of Tom of Finland's new lookbook which  was photographed by Josh Paul Thomas.


Shop the new collection here.


          Clinical Research Associate - Single sponsor - Helsinki   
Salary: Negotiable (GBP)
Benefits:
Location: Finland, Helsinki
Company: i-Pharm Consulting
Posted: 30 June 2017 15:34:03
Expiry: 14 July 2017 00:00:00
          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/global-plastic-headgear-to-2017-size-growth-and-forecasts-in-nearly-70-countries-market

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/spirit-in-the-top-5-european-countries-to-2018-size-trends-and-forecasts-market

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          phryne   









These pictures are old. Really old. Possibly almost from two years ago (see the change in hair length!), but I still wanted to post them. I've had this jumpsuit and vest forever and it used to be my mum's in around the 70s. I've worn it a lot (I've not really grown since I was 13, so there's definitely some items I've been able to wear since then - and some items not so much, ha!), but in recent years I feel like it's even become fashionable. Something I'm not too bothered about but it's still nice to see other people appreciating the kind of style I've been into for quite some time. Did anyone ever watch Miss Fisher's Murder Mysteries? Although it's a different era and different everything, this outfit kind of made me feel like a bit of a Phryne. It's not really what her outfits are like on the show, but somehow still reminded me of her. And I'm looking forward to wearing this again in the summer and feeling like a 20s Phryne, a 70s mum or just current day myself!

//UPDATE My laptop broke down (how convenient, just at the end of the semester before I finished all my uni projects!). I am going to be in Finland in a couple of weeks and can send it to be fixed there which will in turn take about 3 weeks. So I will be taking a wee break from the blog - possibly until July. I'll see you then and stay in touch via social media (where I'll possibly be able to be more present)! xx
          mother-daughter trip   






Playsuit - H&M
Bag - Mum's old
Sunglasses&Shoes - Citymarket
Expression - Furiously eating an ice lolly
















Blouse - Mum's old
Skirt - Diy/Dad's old
Bikini top - Sister's old
Hat - ASOS (I think)
Sunglasses&Shoes - Citymarket
Expression - Amused&content, but trying&failing not to show it











It's Mother's Day again for me today, so I thought I'd finally share these photos from a road trip my mum, her friend and I took last summer. (I've actually remembered my mum on three Mother's Days this year; the UK, the Portuguese and the Finnish one. How lucky is she, eh!) We drove to the more northern parts of Lapland in Finland and then Norway. And when I say we, I don't mean myself since I don't drive and just sat in the car enjoying life, haha! The trip was quite short but it was amazing and I have so much love for the new parts of Finland I discovered and so much love for Norway. Norway had been on the top of my travel list for so long, and even after visiting it is still there. I definitely want to explore both Norway and Lapland more; they are favourites. (I know I grew up in Lapland, but there is such a difference between the south and the north - and both a worth visiting!) I'm not even always sure which photos are from which country, and it doesn't matter too much as both are stunning. You can see I was proper on holiday from my questionable fashion choices. I basically never wore a top on the trip as it was so hot all the time. You might not expect that from Lapland, but it was boiling. Swimming in the Arctic Ocean was absolutely one of the highlights of the trip as well. This was the furthest up north I've travelled and also the first time going north in the summer, and making another trip like this this summer is definitely on my mind. I know I usually tell people Finland/Lapland is "orite" when I'm asked, but honestly it's so good and you should really plan a visit. Experiencing it in different seasons is such a thing as well, considering the changes that occur. The winter is so white and bare and possibly what most people imagine and come to see. The colours in the autumn are incredible and it's usually a really good time to go hiking. But I think the summer is my favourite at the moment. Just look at all that nature (and we didn't even get a lot of mosquitoes). (The spring is alright too, a lot like the winter, though! With some added sun and the snow slowly melting away.)

Have you been to these parts of the world, have I made you want to visit at all?
          faro: yellow florals in the old town   














Top&Skirt - Zara
Sandals&Bikini top - Primark
Sunglasses - Citymarket



A lot of these photos are out of focus, but I still kind of like them. (The sun was so bright that I have quite a few crappy photos from my trip, haha!) You might have seen this outfit briefly in my first Faro post. When I bought the top and skirt in last December, I already had Portugal in mind. With thick tights and cardis I was able to wear this outfit in Finland and then transition to the sun in Portugal. Although, a long-sleeved top definitely was not needed, this one really helped me in not burning on my first day! And how cute is this top, anyway? I love the huge collar, the pretty print and the sheer fabric. It also goes so well with the skirt, and the skirt is also great and, most importantly, has great pockets. This was a good day and outfit for exploring - and those are two of my favourite things; exploring and outfits. Definitely in that order.

If you want to see less of me and more of Faro, check out my earlier posts here and here!
          basic   
Blazer - 2nd hand
Top&Necklace - Primark
Earrings - Gift from my godmother
Trousers - KappAhl
Shoes - Citymarket (?)







These are old pictures (see: hair length). But even though this was something I'd often wear to work, it's still something I wear quite often (just not to work anymore). I'm sure that at the time of buying these trousers (years ago!) I mentioned how I intended them for job interviews and then hopefully for work as "smarter" wear. I finally got to wear them for work last spring and summer, but as I was working in Finland (and not in the UK like I thought I would) there was no dress code for work anyway. Dress codes can feel restrictive for those who have them, but honestly I'd prefer them to some degree. This is still fairly casual with the top and necklace, but even so this would basically be as "smart" as anyone would look at my old work place. I.e. I was pretty much the only one dressing "smart" and more formal. Mostly I just find it practical: trousers and blazers like this have good pockets for carrying around your keys, phone, pens, and other bits&bobs. But it also makes me feel more professional and productive. Maybe I'd feel differently after working in an office for years or a decade. For now, I'm back at partaking in uni life and not having to think about what is work-appropriate to wear. Which I needn't have worried about in the first place. Work-appropriate or not, working or not, this is an outfit that may have been seen on me a few times after spring/summer 2016, because I am, evidently, a basic.
          church and arson, a year later   











This one's a bit of different one, and I feel like this is a bit of a sad post, but I wanted to share these photos anyway. Even if you don't fancy reading this since it's not something that most/all of you will feel, at least the photos turned out pretty great! It's taken me some time to get around to this too, and for once not merely because I tend to be a lazy blogger/person. I just wasn't sure what to write and whether I wanted to write anything or not. But I suppose I do. Mostly this was just a wee cathartic writing experience, without any answers or hidden epiphanies. I'd also just like to add that I wrote most of this a year ago, but still wanted to post it today. In the grand scheme of things this was something quite small, and worse things have definitely happened since. This is also a classic case of caring more about things that hit closer to home, which I wish I wasn't as guilty of as I am. But perhaps, I'll start talking about more pressing matters as well.

The end of April and beginning of May last year I visited Ylivieska (Finland) and for me a big part of the trip was visiting the remains of the church there. (And another part was the funeral I briefly mentioned a year ago as well, so what a fun trip!) The church was burnt down just before Easter, exactly a year ago today, and still in April/May (2016) it felt strange that it wasn't there. My mum and her family are from Ylivieska and while everyone in Finland was talking about the arson, it didn't feel as if it meant that much to most people. And, really, it doesn't, it was only a building. Yet, I felt so much more affected by it all than I ever thought I would. I wasn't home when I heard the news, so my first reaction was just disbelief, but as soon as I got home I literally felt like crying. And I say that as someone who doesn't cry all that much and definitely wouldn't admit to it even if I had cried (Spoiler alert, I did cry.).

I might say that I'm a church-going person (which I don't really talk about that much on the blog or in real life..), but that wasn't really why the events saddened me. As far as I've understood it wasn't even a hate crime in that way, although those happen far too often and are always sad/enraging no matter who they are committed against. I had only been to the church in Ylivieska a handful of times. But those times I'd been there with my grandparents (and mum). I knew the exact spot my grandpa used to sit at when he was a wee boy and literally everyone would feel obliged to attend church. And it was to this church we did one of our last outings with my grandma after grandpa died and before she was moved into a nursing home for the short period of time she lived there. Little things like that just made - and still make - it feel like links to the past and my memories have been taken away from me to some extent. Like there's less and less places to remind me of my grandparents and heritage, especially since my grandparents' house and farm aren't somewhere we ever go after they died. So to me it was closely linked to all those feelings. Not to mention how grieved and annoyed I am when any kind of building, monument or thing of historical value is destroyed.

I find it hard to express what the church and it burning meant to me and how I felt, not least because I felt a lot of emotions (and because it happened a few months back/a year from writing this). More than anything, I think I was tired. It definitely made me have one of those moments when I realize how hateful a place the world can be and how incredibly awful humans are towards each other, themselves and the environment around them. More than anything, it made me dislike and distrust everyone and everything a bit more. And even though the world is amazing and people can be too, it's sometimes just so tiring that things like this and worse things happen far too often for us to remember that the world is beautiful and that people can be good.
          249735-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Services d'architecture, services de construction, services d'ingénierie et services d'inspection   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 21-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          249730-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Services d'architecture, services de construction, services d'ingénierie et services d'inspection   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 21-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          249726-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Services d'architecture, services de construction, services d'ingénierie et services d'inspection   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 21-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          249286-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Éléments préfabriqués   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          Remède n 1 : un antivirus et des mises à jour | Aamulehti - Finlande   
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          30/06/2017 soccer prediction by Mathewson   

  Date30/06/2017 12:35 (Chinese Super League.) FC Shanghai Shenhua – Liaoning Whowin FC Selection:Over: ov1.5 ___________________________________ Date30/06/2017 19:45 (rep.ireland, – airtricity league) Bray Wanderers AFC – Dundalk FC Selection:Over: ov1.5 _________________________________ Date30/06/2017 16:30 (finland Ykkonen) Jaro – EIF Selection:Over: ov1.5 Date30/06/2017 12:35 (Chinese Super League.) FC Shanghai Shenhua – Liaoning Whowin FC Selection:Over: ov1.5 ___________________________________ […]

The post 30/06/2017 soccer prediction by Mathewson appeared first on Naijahero.net.


          Diplomacy and mediation   
The fourth edition of the Istanbul Conference on Mediation takes place today with the theme of ‘Surge in diplomacy, action in Mediation’. Experts, diplomats, practitioners and scholars from around the world will explore ways and means to promote mediation as a prominent conflict prevention and resolution method. The profile of mediation has been rising globally since Turkey and Finland led the way at the United Nations through the Mediation for Peace initiative. The initiative culminated in the establishment of the Group of Friends of Mediation. The group now has 53 members, including 48 states and five international organisations. There has also been substantial improvement in international capacity for preventive diplomacy and mediation within the UN, regional and sub-regional organisations and civil society. The group has become the leading platform at the UN to promote mediation. It has initiated the adoption of four UN General Assembly resolutions, which lay the ground for the development of the normative and conceptual framework of mediation. The group has also contributed to the 2012 United Nations Guidance for Effective Mediation, a fundamental document for those who...
          On Target Recruitment: On Site Engineer - £40k   
£40000 per annum + Benefits: On Target Recruitment: The Company: * Our client is a privately held company headquartered in Finland. They operate in nine European countries, the United States, Japan, and China. In addition to Finland, Our client has manufacturing operations in Issum, Germany. * £70 million Preston
          mebel sifarisi.kreditle her nov mebel,meiset esyalari 2017-03-24 (Баку)   
Faizsiz kreditle istenilen nov mebel destlerinin ve muxtelif meiset esyalarinin sifarisi.Almaniya,Turkiye ve Finlandiya kimi olkelerin ekoloji cehetde...
          Anti-virus programmes and updates protect users | Aamulehti - Finland   
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          Des nouveaux chez les Bleus   
EURO 2017 - Le sélectionneur Vincent Collet a dévoilé jeudi une liste de 18 joueurs pour la préparation à l'Euro qui aura lieu en Finlande et en Turquie fin août et début septembre. Si Charles Kahudi n'est pas là, plusieurs nouveaux sont appelés à l'image de Timothé Luwawu-Cabarrot. La première liste de l'après-Tony Parker sera réduite à 12 membres pour la compétition elle-même.
          Finland, Sweden join British-led rapid action military force   

Sweden and Finland have joined a British-led military rapid reaction force that can either operate alone or jointly with the United Nations, NATO or the European Union

The post Finland, Sweden join British-led rapid action military force appeared first on FederalNewsRadio.com.


          Rallye – WRC – Pologne : Neuville termine la première journée en tête, Ogier toujours quatrième   

Vainqueur de trois des spéciales au programme de cette première journée, Thierry Neuville (Hyundai) a basculé en tête du Rallye de Pologne vendredi soir. Le Belge devance d'un rien l'Estonien Tänak et le Finlandais Latvala. Sébastien Ogier, même distancé, reste dans le coup. Mais le Français devra faire bien mieux que cette journée qu'il a passée en position d'ouvreur et qu'il ferait mieux de vite oublier.

Cet article Rallye – WRC – Pologne : Neuville termine la première journée en tête, Ogier toujours quatrième est apparu en premier sur Sport 365.


          Denmark’s Larsen Meeting Challenge of Multiple Lane Conditions To Retain Grand Casino Hotel & Resort PBA Oklahoma Open Lead   

In a tournament that puts a premium on a player’s ability to adjust to vastly different lane conditions, third-round leader Thomas Larsen of Denmark feels he’s as prepared as he can be to meet the challenges of competing in the Grand Casino Hotel & Resort PBA Oklahoma Open.

After three rounds bowled on three different PBA lane condition patterns, the two-time PBA Tour and four-time European Bowling Tour winner, leads a field of 33 players who advanced to Friday’s final round at the FireLake Bowling Center with a 5,398 24-game pinfall (224.9 average).

The players advancing to the fourth round will be put to the test on the 44-foot Oklahoma Open lane condition and will battle to be among the top nine who will advance to the live ESPN stepladder finals Saturday and Sunday at noon CDT (1 p.m. ET) at the Grand Casino Hotel Event Center in Shawnee.

Larsen bowled eight-game pinfall totals of 1,826 on the 32-foot Wolf pattern lane condition in the first round, 1,793 on the 40-foot Bear pattern in the second round and 1,779 on the 52-foot Badger pattern in Thursday’s third round with games of 223, 190, 246, 200, 244, 219, 219 and 238.

“It was another successful day today,” said the 27-year-old Larsen who led after the second round. “You never know what will happen when you’re bowling on a completely new lane condition but I was ready for the challenge.

“I used a lot of balls again today in the round,” he continued. “Just like in yesterday’s round I used several balls and had to make changes in my ball speed and hand position at the release – the changes were just different today.”

Larsen is trying for his first PBA Tour title on U.S. soil. His Tour titles came in the 2013 Abu Dhabi Open and 2014 Kuwait International Open.

Larsen holds a 45-pin lead over 18-time PBA Tour titlist Chris Barnes of Double Oak, Texas, in second with a 5,353 pinfall. Three-time PBA Tour winner Marshall Kent of Yakima, Wash., is third with 5,346.

Trey Ford III, the 16-year-old PBA member from Bartlesville, Okla., advanced to the fourth round with a 10th-place 5,199 pinfall total. He bowled games of 234, 218, 235, 163, 213, 183, 236 and 206 in the third round.

“I’m a little surprised how well I’m doing because when I practiced on these conditions at home I didn’t do that well,” said the high school sophomore who uses the unique two-handed delivery. “Generally, I feel comfortable making the adjustments I need to make – I’m just trying to learn as much as I can.

“If I have a bad game or get a split, I just have to remember that there are more opportunities and more bowling to go.”

Ford has been a PBA member since age 13 and has three top-10 finishes in PBA regional competition with a best of sixth.

Saturday’s stepladder round will feature players who qualified fifth through ninth with the winner advancing to the no. 5 qualifying position to join the tournament’s top four qualifiers for Sunday’s stepladder final.

Friday’s final qualifying round will be streamed live on PBA’s online bowling channel Xtra Frame beginning at 9:30 EDT (8:30 CT). For subscription and schedule information click on www.xtraframe.tv.

GRAND CASINO HOTEL & RESORT PBA OKLAHOMA OPEN

FireLake Bowling Center, Shawnee, Okla., Thursday

Third Round (after 24 games. Top 33 players advance to Friday’s fourth round)

1, Thomas Larsen, Denmark, 5,398.
2, Chris Barnes, Double Oak, Texas, 5,353.
3, Marshall Kent, Yakima, Wash., 5,346.
4, Jesper Svensson, Sweden, 5,277.
5, Jason Sterner, Rockledge, Fla., 5,274.
6, Rhino Page, Orlando, Fla., 5,266.
7, Tom Daugherty, Riverview, Fla., 5,243.
8, EJ Tackett, Huntington, Ind., 5,213.
9, Tom Smallwood, Saginaw, Mich., 5,203.
10, Trey Ford III, Bartlesville, Okla., 5,199.
11, Sam Cooley, Australia, 5,187.
12, Jason Belmonte, Australia, 5,158.
13, Tommy Jones, Simpsonville, S.C., 5,157.
14, Nick Kruml, Downers Grove, Ill., 5,150.
15, Kyle Sherman, O'Fallon, Mo., 5,139.
16, Francois Lavoie, Canada, 5,127.
16, Zulmazran Zulkifli, Malaysia, 5,127.
18, John Szczerbinski, N. Tonawanda, N.Y., 5,116.
19, Dom Barrett, England, 5,088.
20, Martin Larsen, Sweden, 5,087.
21, Wes Malott, Pflugerville, Texas, 5,085.
22, Stuart Williams, England, 5,083.
23, Walter Ray Williams Jr., Oxford, Fla., 5,081.
24, Ronnie Russell, Marion, Ind., 5,071.
25, Craig Nidiffer, Trenton, Mich., 5,064.
26, Brad Angelo, Lockport, N.Y., 5,061.
27, AJ Johnson, Oswego, Ill., 5,057.
28, Gary Faulkner Jr., Memphis, Tenn., 5,045.
29, Anthony Simonsen, Austin, Texas, 5,030.
30, Dick Allen, Columbia, S.C., 5,019.
31, Sean Rash, Montgomery, Ill., 5,014.
32, Kyle Troup, Taylorsville, N.C., 4,999.
33, Amleto Monacelli, Venezuela, 4,998.

Did not advance
34, Sean Lavery-Spahr, Pasadena, Texas, 4,993.
35, Kristopher Prather, Milton, Fla., 4,991.
36, Brandon Novak, Chillicothe, Ohio, 4,979.
37, Dylan Burns, Lawrence, Kan., 4,975.
38, Zeke Bayt, Westerville, Ohio, 4,965.
39, Richie Teece, England, 4,963.
40, Shawn Maldonado, Houston, 4,951.
41, (tie) DJ Archer, Friendswood, Texas, and Jon Van Hees, Charlestown, R.I., 4,947.
43, Jake Peters, Henderson, Nev., 4,944.
44, Jakob Butturff, Tempe, Ariz., 4,943.
45, (tie) Andrew Anderson, Holly, Mich., and Chris Loschetter, Avon, Ohio, 4,932.
47, J.R. Raymond, Clinton Twp., Mich., 4,927.
48, Devin Bidwell, Wichita, Kan., 4,923.
49, Ryan Ciminelli, Cheektowaga, N.Y., 4,917.
50, Jesse Buss, Belvidere, Ill., 4,916.
51, Kim Bolleby, Thailand, 4,904.
52, Gabriel Garcia, Port St. Lucie, Fla., 4,901.
53, Shota Kawazoe, Japan, 4,879.
54, Graham Fach, Canada, 4,876.
55, AJ Chapman, Wichita, Kan., 4,875.
56, Osku Palermaa, Finland, 4,873.
57, Ahmed Alawadhi, Bahrain, 4,870.
58, Ryan Shafer, Horseheads, N.Y., 4,868.
59, Francois Louw, South Africa, 4,867.
60, Kurt Pilon, Warren, Mich., 4,860.
61, (tie) Patrick Allen, Elmwood Park, N.J., Chris Via, Springfield, Ohio, and James Cantere, Oklahoma City, 4,858.
64, Bill O'Neill, Langhorne, Pa., 4,851.
65, Anthony Lavery-Spahr, Pasadena, Texas, 4,844.
66, Christopher Sloan, Ireland, 4,841.
67, Darren Tang, San Francisco, 4,812.
68, Brian LeClair, Athens, NY, 4,792.
69, Osama Hassan, Bahrain, 4,789.
70, Pontus Andersson, Sweden, 4,783.
71, Tom Sorce, Blasdell, N.Y., 4,780.
72, Ramon Hilferink, Netherlands, 4,761.
73, Dylan Macon, Lubbock, Texas, 4,737.
74, Dino Castillo, Highland Village, Texas, 4,735.
75, Paul Brewbaker, Midwest City, Okla., 4,732.
76, Matthew Sanders, Evansville, Ind., 4,708.
77, Isaac Kim, Lebanon, Pa., 4,660.
78, Jeff Hatt, Oklahoma City, 4,655.
79, (tie) Brad Miller, Maryland Heights, Mo., and Isaac Russell, Malaysia, 4,654.
81, Michael Houtz, Myerstown, Pa., 4,575.
82, Kenneth Bland Jr., Jacksonville, Texas, 4,549.
83, Omar Rashid, Bahrain, 4,522.
84, Tom Hess, Urbandale, Iowa, 4,376.
85, Tyson Branagan, Fort Worth, Texas, 4,358.
86, Cody Shoemaker, Hanover, Pa., 4,304.
87, Armando Santacruz, Ecuador, 4,296.
88, William Tarpein, McDonough, Ga., 4,058.
89, Jose Rosero, Ecuador, 4,009.
90, Yebgueni Velez, Ecuador, 3,885.

300 games (1) – Walter Ray Williams Jr.


          PBA Spare Shots: PBA’s Influence on International Bowling Community Continues to Grow   

Bowlers from around the world have always considered the PBA as the gold standard. If you wanted to find out how good you are, you had to bowl against – and beat – the world’s best. For decades, that was a difficult decision to make because the Fédération Internationale des Quilleurs, the international governing body in the eyes of the International Olympic Committee, banned professionals from its ranks.

(Feature photo, from left: Members of the victorious international team in the inaugural USA Vs. The World team match held during PBA World Series of Bowling II in Las Vegas in 2010 were Finland’s Osku Palermaa, Kimmo Lehtonen and Mika Koivuniemi, Canada’s Dan MacLelland, Australia’s Jason Belmonte and Venezuela’s Amleto Monacelli)

That policy changed in 2008, when the World Tenpin Bowling Association (WTBA) – now World Bowling – became the official governing body of tenpin bowling and opened its doors to professionals in the hopes of advancing bowling’s hope to gain Olympic acceptance, meaning that international players would no longer jeopardize eligibility to represent their national teams if the joined the PBA.

The introduction of the multi-event PBA World Series of Bowling concept a year later brought a veritable flood of international players into PBA competition. While notable players like PBA Tour champions Amleto Monacelli of Venezuela (1982), Sweden’s Mats Karlsson (1983) and Finland’s Mika Koivuniemi (1999), among a handful of others, had ventured into the PBA arena prior to 2008, the inaugural WSOB included an unprecedented 28 players from 14 different countries.

flagsThe WSOB has continued to welcome players from around the world. Since 2009, 38 different countries have been represented in the World Series, including a record 23 countries and 55 international players last year in Reno. The same sort of trend has had an impact of the recently-resurrected Professional Women’s Bowling Association Tour, which has featured a strong influx of international players.

In 2017, the PBA has seen international competition grow in events not previously known for global appeal, such as the Xtra Frame PBA Tour program and, this week, the Grand Casino Hotel & Resort Oklahoma Open, which includes 16 nations and 26 international players in its field of 91.

It’s an exciting trend for bowling, especially as the sport continues to seek the attention of the IOC and bowling manufacturers continue to expand their global markets. It’s good for bowling fans around the world, who can cheer for their home-country favorites thanks to the advent of Xtra Frame, pba.com and other social media outlets with world-wide accessibility. And it’s good for competition, because the level of talent in PBA competition has never been stronger, which only adds to the prestige of winning a PBA Tour title.

XTRA FRAME SCHEDULE INCLUDES OKLAHOMA PRELIMS, PWBA ACTION

This week’s Xtra Frame’s live streaming schedule will feature qualifying round coverage of the PBA Grand Casino Hotel & Resort Oklahoma Open from FireLake Bowling Center in Shawnee, Okla., through Friday, leading up to two days of live ESPN coverage of the Oklahoma Open’s nine-player stepladder finals Saturday and Sunday, July 1-2, at 1 p.m. EDT both days. The Oklahoma Open finals also will be live streamed on ESPN and the WatchESPN app.

This week’s PWBA Tour coverage features the Orlando Open Friday and Saturday.

Heading into July, Xtra Frame’s schedule includes the Teen Masters from Richmond, Va., July 5-7; the PWBA St. Petersburg-Clearwater Open from Seminole, Fla., July 7-8; the Proprietors Cup from Beavercreek, Ohio, July 8-9; the Nationwide PWBA Rochester (N.Y.) Open, July 14-15; the PBA50 South Shore Open from Hammond, Ind., July 25-27; the XF Striking Against Breast Cancer Mixed Doubles from Copperfield Bowl in Houston, Texas, July 28-30, which will award PBA and PWBA Tour titles; and the PBA50 Dave Small’s Championship Lanes Classic from Anderson, Ind., July 30-Aug. 1. For broadcast time and other details, check under the “schedules” tab on pba.com.

PBA fans also can follow real-time results for PBA50, PBA Xtra Frame Tour and all PBA Regional events by visiting the “live scoring” feature on pba.com. PWBA live scoring is available on pwba.com.

Xtra Frame subscription packages are available for three days, 30 days and a full year. To sign up, visit xtraframe.tv for details.

PBA REGIONAL UPDATE: WARREN, TANG WIN PBA50/PBA DOUBLES TITLE IN RENO

PBA50 competitor Chris Warren of Grants Pass, Ore., teamed up with Darren Tang of San Francisco to win the PBA50/PBA Sands Regency West/Northwest Doubles Open, presented by MOTIV, at High Sierra Lanes Sunday over PBA50 rookie Michael Haugen Jr. of Phoenix and Tang’s younger brother, amateur Michael Tang, 449-422.

Warren and Darren Tang took an early lead and a costly open late in the game by Michael Tang, combined with Haugen’s inability to carry pocket hits, resulted in Warren claiming his fourth PBA50 Regional title while Darren Tang picked up his second title since becoming a member a year ago.

In the single elimination match play leading up to the title match, the Warren/Tang team swept Utah amateurs Clay Rees from Riverton and Craig Harrington of Harriman, 3-0. Warren/Tang then defeated the San Jose, Calif., team of Gregory Thompson Jr. and Marty Deh in the semifinal match, 490-416, while the Haugen/Tang team survived a semifinal round shootout against PJ Haggerty from Roseville, Calif., and Las Vegan Ron Mohr, 546-545.

● PBA rookie Andrew Anderson of Holly, Mich., defeated Chandler Stevens of Archbold, Ohio, 216-177, to win his first PBA title in the PBA Pro Bowl West Central/Midwest Challenge presented by Roto Grip at Pro Bowl West on Saturday.

Challenge events are open to PBA members without a PBA title or non-members who have never won a PBA event. In addition to his first title, Anderson won $1,500.

Anderson downed Frank Snodgrass of Center Line, Mich., 228-161, in the semifinal round while Stevens topped Charlie Brown of Grandville, Mich., 208-159, to set up the championship match.

Keith Lesko of Chicago defeated Mark Sullivan of Indianapolis, 222-202, to win the PBA50 Ultimate Inserts Midwest Open presented by Hammer at Lakeside Lanes in Davis, Ill., Sunday. 

Lesko, who led qualifying, took each of the preliminary matches to the maximum number of games.  He defeated Jeff Johnson of Freeport, Ill. 3-2, in the best-of-five-game Round of 8, and then defeated R.J. Alman of Murrysville, Pa., 2-1, in the best-of-three semifinal round. Sullivan bested his travelling partner Danny Clark of New Palestine, Ind. 3-2, before beating Dave Traber of Hebron, Ill., 2-1, in his semifinal match.

Along with his third PBA Regional title Lesko received $1,700.

● The July PBA Regional calendar begins with the PBA and PBA50 Vanessa Brown Homes West Opens, both presented by Columbia 300 at Yosemite Lanes, in Modesto, Calif.

● On the July 7-9 weekend schedule is the PBA50 Cecil Raymond Memorial presented by Columbia 300 at 30 Strikes Bowling Pub & Pizza in Stratford, N.J.

● July 14-16 weekend activity for PBA Regional players includes the Albany Strikers South Open at in Albany, Ga., and the St. Charles Lanes Midwest Open presented by Storm in St. Charles, Mo. The PBA Central Region will conduct a mid-week event, the PBA50 Fairborn Central Classic at Bowl 10 Fairborn in Fairborn, Ohio, July 18-20.

● On the busy July 21-22 PBA Regional calendar are the PBA50 Parkway Lanes Open and the PWBA/PBA Parkway Lanes Open in Elmwood Park, N.J.; the Angola Central/Midwest Open at Angola Bowl in Angola, Ind.; the PBA50 Beverly Lanes Midwest/Central Open presented by Roto Grip in Arlington Heights, Ill.; the Spring Hill South Open at Spring Hill Lanes in Spring Hill, Fla.; the Fort Sill Southwest Open at Twins Oaks Bowling Center in Fort Sill, Okla., and the Secoma Lanes Northwest/West Open, PBA50 Northwest/West Open and PWBA/PBA Open, all presented by Storm, in Federal Way, Wash.

● Also in July are the PBA Japan Region’s first events of 2017, the PBA Chameleon Open on July 23 followed by the Women’s Chameleon Championship on July 30, both at Shinsayama Grand Bowl in Sayama.

● For complete PBA Regional schedules, rules and entry information, visit pba.com, open the “schedules” tab and click on PBA Regional Tours to find the event(s) in your area.

MageQUICK NOTES:

● Chris Paul’s blockbuster trade to the Houston Rockets this week also means the annual CP3 PBA Celebrity Invitational will move to Houston in 2018. Details will be announced later.

PBA West/Northwest Region manager Gary Mage (at left with wife Toni) was inducted into the Washington State USBC Hall of Fame Saturday at the Lucky Eagle Casino and Hotel in Rochester, Wash.

● Now available in the PBA Store (http://pba.firelakedesigns.com/), the Marshall Holman t-shirt and polo joins the Signature Collection which already includes Earl Anthony, Mark Roth and Dick Weber signature apparel.


          For sale - Vintage 1970s wrestling singlet Red M Logo olympic... - Auction   

Cleveland 4163, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
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          Annecy Festival Distributes its Special Prizes   

 

 

 

Special Prizes

 
 

Under embargo till Friday 16 June, 7:30 pm
(Paris time)

 

Discover the list of films that won Special Prizes, congratulations to all the winners!

 
 

Festivals Connexion Award – Région Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes / In partnership with Lumières Numériques & Pilon Cinéma  

Nothing Happens

Uri Kranot, Michelle Kranot

DANSK TEGNEFILM, MIYU PRODUCTIONS

Denmark, France

Junior Jury Award for a Graduation Film

What a Peaceful Day

Eden (Kai-Hsun) Chan

TAIPEI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF THE ARTS

Taiwan

Junior Jury Award for a Short Film 

Valley of White Birds > La Vallée des oiseaux blancs

Cloud Yang

WOLF SMOKE ANIMATION STUDIO

China

Young Audience Award

Hedgehog's Home > La Maison du hérisson

Eva Cvijanović

ONF, BONOBOSTUDIO

Canada, Croatia

FIPRESCI Award

Negative Space

Max Porter, Ru Kuwahata

IKKI FILMS, MANUEL CAM

France

Best Original Music Award for a Short Film, sponsored by the SACEM

Radio Dolores

Katariina Lillqvist, Kusti Vuorinen

FILM COOPERATIVE CAMERA CAGLIOSTRO

Finland

Gan Foundation Award for Distribution

Petit Vampire > Little Vampire

Joann Sfar

AUTOCHENILLE PRODUCTION

France

"CANAL+ Creative Aid" Award for a Short Film

L’Ogre > The Ogre

Laurène Braibant

PAPY3D PRODUCTIONS

France

André-Martin Award for a 2016 French Feature Film

La Jeune Fille sans mains

Sébastien Laudenbach

LES FILMS SAUVAGES, PELLEAS FILMS

France

André-Martin Award for a French Short Film

Nothing Happens

Uri Kranot, Michelle Kranot

DANSK TEGNEFILM, MIYU PRODUCTIONS

Denmark, France

André-Martin Special Distinction for a French Short Film

Negative Space

Max Porter, Ru Kuwahata

IKKI FILMS, MANUEL CAM

France

City of Annecy Award

Maacher Jhol > Le Curry de poisson

Abhishek Verma

JAMUURA

India

 
 

open.php?pid=101638&cid=1262


          Europe forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 05:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          WCA - World Castles Award   
Anton OG2K, Kostya RA1L, Vladimir UA1CIO and others hams are going to activate several fortresses of Southern Finland during the 30th of June – 2nd of July
          Emigracja. Młodzi, wykształceni Finowie uciekają z kraju. Dlaczego?   
Finlandia, podobnie jak np. Polska traci ludzi zdolnych. Wyjeżdżają bankierzy, projektanci i graficy, inżynierowie i informatycy. Boli też utrata naukowców.
          Offer - husband wife extramarital affairs solution:+91-9876425548 - FINLAND   
husband wife extramarital affairs solution:+91-9876425548
          249282-2017: Finlande-Pirkkala: Matériaux de construction et articles connexes   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          TOP WAYS TO GET A BETTER NIGHT'S SLEEP TONIGHT!!! Shawn Stevenson | Health | Fitness | Inspiration | Self-Help | Inspire   

If you’ve ever wanted to feel healthier, more rested, sharper of mind, and get a fantastic night’s rest, then do we have the sleep smarter show for you! 

Today I’ll be talking with Shawn Stevenson, founder of the Model Health Show, and author of the best-seller Sleep Smarter.

And that’s just what I want to talk with him about today, about essential strategies to sleep your way to a better body, better health, and bigger success. 

That plus we’ll talk about madden football, why we want to sleep through the melatonin show, why we want to bring back cortisol and david hasselhoff, why it’s not cool to wear shades, the hormonal goodfellas, the power of the big O, why position matters, and you should beware the midnight strangler,

Health & Fitness Self-Improvement & Self-Help topics include:

  1. How do we make sleep sexy?
  2. How do we get more quality out of your sleep
  3. How to optimize your sleep
  4. Eric Thomas – had no idea was optimizing his sleep
  5. What in the world is twinkie sleep?
  6. How do you get more nutrition out of your sleep
  7. What’s pseudo sleep?
  8. Why do we need to get the light down?
  9. What’s going on in our brain when we sleep
  10. What’s going on with the hypothalamus
  11. What’s the glymphatic system?
  12. How do we move past the fear of missing out
  13. What is serotonin and what does it have to do with sleep?
  14. Why a twinkie can trash your sleep
  15. What does melatonin have to do with anything?
  16. Why is it important to walk first thing in the morning
  17. What’s the deal with cortisol, and why has it gotten a bad rap?
  18. Why is i.flux of f.lux?
  19. What can we learn about sleep and weight-loss
  20. What’s crucial to know about caffeine and sleep
  21. What does cold have to do with sleep
  22. What they do in Finland and Sweden for babies to sleep
  23. What’s it mean to sleep cool but rock socks
  24. What ayurvedic medicine has to do with sleep
  25. What’s the danger of the graveyard shift?
  26. What’s the connection between staying up late and high blood pressure
  27. What staying up late has to do with fat
  28. Why proper sleep is more impactful on health and appearance than diet and exercise combined
  29. What’s the importance of the big ‘o’ and sleep
  30. What are the benefits of meditation and sleep
  31. Why meditation makes such a big different with your sleep
  32. Why meditation breathing, or mindfulness and breathing improves your sleep
  33. Why is grounding or ‘earthing’ so important for your sleep – vitamin G (for ground)
  34. What advice for parents to help kids / children sleep at night
  35. Where can you find sleep smarter sleepsmarterbook.com or www.book.com includes free bonus 21 video series, www.themodelhealthshow.com and look up his The Model Health Show podcast

 Shawn Stevenson of The Model Health Show on The Power of Great Sleep & How to Get It! Weight Loss | Fitness | Diet | Nutrition | Inspiration | Inspirational | Spiritual | Spirituality | Meditation | Motivational | Self-Improvement | Self-Help | Inspire

For More Info Visit: www.InspireNationShow.com


          Monedas de europa ii   
álbum con cajetín. Compuesto por 286 monedas diferentes de eslovaquia, gran bretaña, finlandia, grecia, holanda, hungria, irlanda, isla de man, islandia. mando archivo excel.
          Pluspuu Log Houses   
Build your own bespoke beach house or woodland cabin to high enough specs that it can be easily converted to a permanent home. Based out of Finland, Pluspuu Log Houses proffer sustainable designs with therma insulation, and finished with a fashionable, Northern European minimal chic that blends effortlessly with its surroundings.
          Pokerstars Championship Monte Carlo – Resultat & Rapporter   

I helgen avslutades Pokerstars Championship i Monte Carlo, och det blev Raffaele Sorrentino, Bryn Kenney och Adrian Mateos som tog de tyngsta skalparna. I svensklägret gick det bäst för Martin Jacobson.

Pokerstars Championship har hitintills besökt Sydamerika (Bahamas & Panama) och Asien (Macau). Nu har den första upplagan i Europa avgjorts, och klassiska Monte Carlo Casino i Monaco agerade värd för den tillställningen.

(En komplett överblick av samtliga Highroller-resultat hittar du längst ner på sidan.)

Raffaele Sorrentino vinner Main Event

Mexiko-baserade italienaren Raffaele Sorrentino vann festivalens Main Event.

Sorrentino PSC Monte Carlo
Sorrentinos bästa liveresultat hittills

Det utsatta förstapriset var satt till €500,700, men Sorrentino och hans heads-up motståndare Andreas Klatt kom överens om en deal där man lämnade €15,000 och titeln att spela om.

Dealen garanterade Sorrentino €451,774 och Klatt €402,76. Tillslut blev det Sorrentino som tog hem de sista pengarna.

Finalspelet avgjordes med en riktig cooler. Italienaren plockade upp den bästa starthanden i Texas Hold’em, och samtidigt så kollade hans motståndare ner på två damer.

Alla markerna åkte in före floppen, och efter en blank bräda kunde Sorrentino titulera sig som mästaren.

”Det är en dröm som blir till verklighet. Det kändes som att jag kunde göra det här för en vecka sedan, och desto närmare jag kom, desto mer trodde jag på det”, sa en utmattad men glad Sorrentino efter segern.

Bästa svensk i Main Event blev Martin Jacobson. Han slutade på 83:e plats för €9,540. Även Peter Eichhardt nådde pengarna. Han kom på 142:a plats för €7,580.

Resultat PSC Main Event Monte Carlo

Datum: 29 april – 5 maj
Spelare: 727
Prispott: €3,525,950

Raffaele Sorrentino (Italien) - €466,714* Andreas Klatt (Tyskland) - €402,768 Andrey Bondar (Ryssland) - €271,500 Maxim Panyak (Ryssland) - €199,900 Michael Kolkowicz (Frankrike) - €147,120 Diego Zeiter (Schweiz) - €108,300 Davidi Kitai (Belgien) - €79,750 Romain Nardin (Frankrike) - €58,740

Resultat PSC Monte Carlo Highrollers

De största utbetalningarna i Monte Carlo gick till Bryn Kenney (€1,874,500) och Vlacheslav Buldygin (€1,290,800) som kom etta och tvåa i €100k Super Highrollern.

Julian Stuer fick €1,015,000 för sin förstaplats i tredagars €25k Highrollern. I samma event kom Martin Jacobson på 19:e plats för €54,980. €50k-eventet vanns av Spaniens Adrian Mateos för €908,000.

€10,300 NLHE, 25-27 april, 110 registreringar

Ole Schemion (Tyskland) - €274,450 Murad Akhundov (Azerbajdzjan) - €188,860 Koray Aldemir (Tyskland) - €123,770

€100,000 NLHE, 27-29 april, 61 registreringar

Bryn Kenney (USA) - €1,874,500 Vlacheslav Buldygin (Ryssland) - €1,290,800 Daniel Dvoress (Kanada) - €832,800

€50,000 NLHE, 30 april, 64 registreringar

Adrian Mateos (Spanien) - €908,000 Daniel Dvoress (Kanada) - €652,700 Erik Seidel (USA) - €423,800

€10,300 PLO, 1 maj-2 maj, 60 registreringar

Imad Derwiche (Frankrike) - €174,600 Sampo Ryynanen (Finland) - €126,300 Sylvain Loosli (Frankrike) - €81,500

€25,500 NLHE, 2 maj, 85 registreringar

Philipp Gruissem (Tyskland) - €485,135 Steve O’Dwyer (USA) - €494,665 John Juanda (Indonesien) - €266,550

€25,750 NLHE, 3 maj- 5 maj, 187 registreringar

Julien Stuer (Tyskland) - €1,015,000 John Juanda (Indonesien) - €684,900 Thomas Muehloecker (Österrike) - €471,400

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nästa stopp för PSC blir Sotji, Ryssland, och Main Event startar den 25:e maj.

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship hittar du här.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Knaapinen vinner Kings of Tallin, Svensk Highroller-seger   

Estlands signaturevent, Kings of Tallin, skapades för tre år sedan.

Tillsammans med Olympic Casino och Teresa Nousiainen, en före detta turneringsledare på European Poker Tour, har det blivit den största pokerfestivalen i Baltikumregionen

Den tredje upplagan spelades i helgen, och den bjöd på en svensk highroller-seger, stora spelarfält och highstakes-action – främst tack vare närvaron av Ilari ”Ziigmund” Sahamies och Jens ”Jeans89” Kyllönen.

Tomas Söderström vinner Highrollern

Många svenskar hade tagit sig till Estland för att delta i Kings of Tallin, och den som det gick bäst för var Tomas Söderström.

Tomas Söderström hade ett starkt debutår på livetourerna 2016 med bland annat en tredjeplats i Irish Open, och 2017 inleddes på bästa tänkbara sätt med trippla finalbord i Helsinki Freezeout.

Söderströms fina start på det nya året fortsatte i helgen.

I Kings of Tallins €2150 Highroller besegrade han nämligen Finlands Mikko Turtiainen för ett förstapris på €31,600.

Turtiainen fick €22,500 i tröstpris.

Totalt deltog 38 spelare, vilket gav en samlad prispott om €90,160.

Sahamies och Kyllönen höjer stejksen

I Main Event kom 247 spelare till start. Det skapade en prispott på €247,650, och ett potentiellt förstapris på €61,400.

Finalbordet fick sällskap av en svensk – Jimmy Lundemo. Tyvärr gick han inte hela vägen, och han fick tillslut lämna på sjätteplats för €10,300.

Ilari Sahamies Kings of Tallin
Sahamies och norska Stephensen i ME

Det blev istället finländaren Matias Knaapinen och Estlands Roland Luik som möttes i Heads-Up:en.

Där blev det finsk seger. Knaapinen tog hem €45,007 och titeln efter att en trevägsdeal genomförts. Tvåan Luik fick €46,677 då han hade mest marker när dealen genomfördes.

Knaapinen vann även 5-card PLO eventet samt lagutmaningen tillsammans med Antti Kärkkäinen, Leo Pietilä och Torsti Kettula.

Förutom turneringar fick Tallins railare uppleva cashgame-action i sann nostalgisk anda.

Highstakes-ikonerna Ilari Sahamies och Jens Kyllönen spelade så högt som €200/€400 – en nästintill okänd nivå för många estländare.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          EPT Prag – Fem svenskar vidare till Dag 3, EPT-mästare i ledning   

Dag 2 av EPT Prags Main Event är färdigspelad, och vi fick se fältet krympa från 593 spelare till 231 stycken.

Bland dessa elmineringar fanns tyvärr en hel del svenskar.

Jerry Ödeen, Simon Mattsson, Jonathan Hellman, Zoran Mitic, Henric Stenholm, Stefan Olofsson, Rifat Palevic och Mehmet Cinar fick alla röra sig mot railen under dagen.

De goda nyheterna är dock att turneringen nått bubblan, och samtliga spelare som är kvar har låst upp en liten cash.

De lägsta utbetalningarna ligger på €7,560, men vinnaren tar hem €774,600 och den sista åtrovärda EPT-titeln.

Totalt ska €5,781,200 delas ut till de återstående spelarna.

Nicolas Chouity
Chouity stackar upp

EPT-mästare i ledning

I toppen av chipcounten hittas en gammal EPT-mästare.

Nicolas Chouity vann den sjätte upplagan av EPT Grand Final, nu ligger han bra till för ännu ett fint resultat.

Libanesen sitter med 644k i stacken.

Han följs utav Eduards Kudrjavcevs (547k) och Nandor Solyom (526,5k).

Bästa svensk är Erik Tamm. Han tar med sig 270,5k inför Dag 3. Det placerar honom på en 37:e plats i chipcounten.

Andreas Samuelsson (231,5k), Christopher Andler (215k), Simon Löfberg (184,5k) och Anton Wigg (25,5k) gör honom sällskap.

Såhär ser toppen ut:

Nicolas Chouity (Libanon) – 644,000 Eduards Kudrjavcevs (Lettland) – 547,000 Nandor Solyom (Rumänien) – 526,500 Matas Cimbolas (Litauen) – 481,500 Apostolos Bechrakis (Grekland) – 478,500 Pedro Lamarca (Spanien) – 448,000 Ludovic Lacay (Frankrike) – 438,000 Thomas Muehloecker (Österrike) – 430,000 Stoyan Obreshkov (Bulgarien) – 428,500 Samuel Vousden (Finland) – 428,500

Dag 3 drar igång klockan 12:00 lokal tid, och du kan följa actionen via livestream här.

Fler nyheter från EPT Prag går att läsa här.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Master Classics of Poker – Hemmaseger i 25-års jubileumet   

Det blev tillslut holländaren Hakim Zoufri som vann den 25:e upplagan av Master Classics of Poker i Amsterdam.

Zoufri överlevde ett fält om 356 personer för att vinna titeln och €275,608 i prispengar.

Det är det näst största spelfältet i turneringens historia.

I heads-up spelet besegrade han tysken Fabio Sperling, och det blev en utdragen historia.

Extradag på schemat

När casinot skulle stänga på fredagen återstod fortfarande två spelare i Main Event, man beslutade därför att lägga till en extra speldag på schemat.

Hakim Zoufri Master Classics of Poker
7-7 vinner flippen

Den dagen visade sig bli kortvarig.

Zoufri behövde bara 30 minuter på sig för att ta hem alla markerna och segern.

Sperling gick visserligen in i duellen som chipleader, men som alla vet så kan förutsättningarna snabbt förändras i poker, och när tysken plockade upp A-Qs åkte hans sista 30 big blinds in i mitten.

Zoufri satt på 7-7, och när brädan blankade kunde holländaren räkna in ytterligare €275k på kontot.

Fabio Sperling fick nöja sig med €184,820 för sin andraplats.

Inför finalbordet var det den finska veteranen Juha Helppi som ledde, han slutade dock på en fjärdeplats.

Turneringens kanske hetaste spelare – Charlie Carrel, åkte ut först av alla på en niondeplats för €27k. Totalt nådde han tre finalbord nere i Amsterdam.

Resultat MCOP Main Event 2016

Hakim Zoufri (Nederländerna) - €275,608 Fabio Sperling (Tyskland) - €184,820 Ivan Arbatsky (Kazakstan) - €128,147 Juha Helppi (Finland) - €92,057 Stefan Fabian (Rumänien) - €68,514 Samuli Sipila (Finland) - €52,584 Michiel Brosky (Nederländerna) - €41,447 Rashed Zade (Nederländerna) - €33,411 Charlie Carrel (England) - €27,349

Bästa svensk blev Dennis Berglin. Han fick €13,6k för en 22:a plats.

Den mest noterbara svenskinsatsen var Robin Ylitalos seger i sidoeventet €1,500 No-Limit Hold’em Re-entry för €101k. På finalbordet överlevde han bland annat highroller-stjärnan Ole Schemion.

Fler nyheter från årets upplaga av Master Classics of Poker kan du läsa här



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Master Classics of Poker – Finsk ledning inför finalbordet   

Den tredje dagen av Master Classics of Pokers Main Event spelades färdigt igår kväll, och det blev tyvärr en mörk svenskdag.

Bland de 51 deltagarna som var kvar hittade vi tre svenskar - och alla satt i ett fint läge med bra stacks.

Bäst till låg Anton Wigg på en sjundeplats i chipcounten.

Dennis Berglin och Simon Löfberg låg inte långt efter på en 14:e respektive 19:e plats.

Men när korten började delas ut ändrades dessvärre dem förutsättningarna.

Simon Löfberg blev den första att lämna på 39:e plats för €9,586, och han följdes upp utav Anton Wigg som fick €11,419 för sin 24:e plats.

Dennis Berglin var därmed den sista stående svensken i turneringen när tre bord återstod. Han skulle dock få röra sig mot railen bara några händer efter Wigg på en 22:a plats för €13,675.

Juha Helppi i topp

Med dessa elimineringar betyder det att vi får se ett svensktomt finalbord.

Leder gör istället den rutinerade finnen Juha Helppi. Han är den enda finalisten med över 2m i stacken. Bakom sig har han Ivan Arbatsky från Kazakstan.

Charlie Carrel som har dominerat nere i Amsterdam är också med. Han parkerar på en sjundeplats i counten.

Såhär ser förutsättningarna ut inför dagens spel:

Juha Helppi (Finland) – 2,360,000 Ivan Arbatsky (Kazakstan) – 1,843,000 Hakim Zoufri (Nederländerna) – 1,603,000 Fabio Sperling (Tyskland) – 1,525,000 Michiel Brosky (Nederländerna) – 890,000 Stefan Fabian (Rumänien) – 811,000 Charlie Carrel (England) – 690,000 Rashed Zade (Nederländerna) – 564,000 Samuli Sipila (Finland) – 376,000

Spelarna återsamlas klockan 15:00 lokal tid, och då ska en vinnare utses.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Master Classics of Poker – 3 svenskar vidare till Dag 3   

Dag 2 av Master Classics of Pokers Main Event spelades färdigt igår kväll, och det ser fortsatt ljust ut på svenskfronten.

Dagen inleddes med flera nya spelare som signade upp, och tillsammans med alla återinköp växte fältet till 356 deltagare – det gör årets Main Event till det näst största i evenemangets 25-åriga historia.

Efter att registreringen stängt tog det inte lång tid för casinot att annonsera utbetalningsschemat.

Totalt kommer €1,409,760 att delas ut, och de 53 bästa får betalt.

Med 51 spelare kvar betyder det att samtliga säkrat en mincash på €7,895. De tävlar dock om ett förstapris på €275,608.

Carrel dominerar, Wigg toppar svenskfältet

Den engelska spelaren Charlie Carrel dominerar nere i Amsterdam för tillfället.

Charlie Carrel
Carrel är het i Amsterdam

Carrel inledde med att komma trea i Super Highrollern. Han följde upp med en andraplats i Highrollern för €144,615, och nu leder han Main Event stort.

Bakom honom hittar vi EPT-ikonen Jan Bendik.

Bästa svensk är fortfarande Anton Wigg. Han startade på 19:e plats, och inför Dag 3 har han klättrat till en 7:e plats i chipcounten.

Även Dennis Berglin och Simon Löfberg ligger bra till på en 14:e respektive 19:e plats.

Flera av de stora internationella profilerna försvann under gårdagen, några av dem var hemmafavoriten Fatima De Melo, irländaren Steve O’Dwyer, veteranen Pierre Neuville och tysken Ole Schemion.

Det gör att toppen ser ut enligt följande:

Charlie Carrel (England) – 1,160,000 Jan Bendik (Slovakien) – 740,500 Juha Helppi (Finland) – 533,000 Michiel Brosky (Nederländerna) – 424,500 Artur Koren (Tyskland) – 411,000 Kimmo Kurko (Finland) – 402,000 Anton Wigg (Sverige) – 375,000 Jonathan Rozema (Nederländerna) – 370,500 Kevin Killeen (Irland) – 353,000 Michael Sassen (Nederländerna) – 339,500

14. Dennis Berglin (Sverige) – 231,000

19. Simon Löfberg (Sverige) – 207,000

Dag 3 drar igång klockan 14:00 lokal tid, och om allt går som planerat ska fältet spelas ner till ett finalbord. 



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Master Classics of Poker – 4 svenskar till Dag 2, Ylitalo vinner sidoevent   

Det traditionella pokerevenemanget Master Classics of Poker pågår just nu i Amsterdam, Nederländerna, och det ser riktigt bra ut på svenskfronten.

I Main Event har fyra svenskar tagit sig vidare till Dag 2, och i sidoeventet €1,500 Re-entry gick Robin Ylitalo hela vägen.

Totalt genomfördes 344 registreringar, och på finalbordet besegrade han bland annat den tyska Highroller-stjärnan Ole Schemion.

Ylitalos insats belönades med €101,914, och han finns även med bland de överlevande inför Main Events andra dag.

Anton Wigg cashade också i sidoeventet. Hans 43:e plats gav €3,113.

Namnkunnigt fält till Dag 2 i Main Event

Inför Dag 2 återfinns 84 spelare, och det är ett profilrikt fält som ska göra upp om prispengarna.

Några som sticker ut är Ole Schemion, den belgiska veteraten Pierre Neuville, EPT-ikonen Jan Bendik, 2014 års novembernia Jorryt Van Hoof, holländaren Fatima de Melo och britten Charlie Carrel.

I svensklägret ligger Anton Wigg bäst till på en 19:e plats. Han följs utav Dennis Berglin (38), Robin Ylitalo (58) och Olov Jansson (77).

Det är holländarna som dominerar på hemmaplan. Michiel Brosky leder turneringen, och bakom honom ligger landsmannen Nico Kuan.

Såhär ser topp10 ut:

Michiel Brosky (Nederländerna) – 228,500 Nico Kuan (Nederländerna) – 195,000 Sergio Cabrera (Spanien) – 179,800 Bart Spijkers (Nederländerna) – 170,300 Noah Boeken (Nederländerna) – 170,200 Henk Post (Nederländerna) – 155,800 Firat Baltaci (Nederländerna) – 128,200 Jens Lakemeier (Tyskland) – 128,000 Samuel Sipila (Finland) – 123,000 Farid Chati (Tyskland) – 122,300

(Källa chipcounts Poker.se)

Schemion och Boeken vinner Highrollers

Två andra sidoevent som avgjorts är Highrollern och Super Highrollern.

Ole Schemion Master Classics of Poker
Schemion vinner ytterligare en Super High Roller

Super Highrollern blev dessvärre lite av en flopp ur deltagarsynpunkt. Bara 13 stycken bestämde sig för att pynta upp €25k för att få spela.

Tre fick betalt, och bäst gick det för Ole Schemion. Förutom titeln fick han €160,875 i prispengar. Tvåa kom tysken Frank Williams och på tredjeplats hittades Charlie Carrel.

Carrel tog sig också långt i €10k Highrollern där intresset verkade vara betydligt mycket större.

Totalt registrerade sig 74 spelare, och det enda som hindrade honom från att gå hela vägen var holländaren Noah Boeken.

Boeken vann eventet för €217,069.

Dagens spel återupptas klockan 14:00 lokal tid, och registreringen är öppen tills dealern lägger ut de första korten. 



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          EPT Malta – 6 svenskar vidare till Dag 2, Michalak vinner €10k-event   

Dag 1B av Main Event är färdigspelad, och klockan 12 idag fortsätter actionen.

Inför Dag 2 hittar vi sex svenskar i fältet, och bäst till ligger Anton Bertilsson på en sjätteplats med 155k i stacken.

Han är tätt följd utav landsmannen Mats Karlsson som ligger sjua med 150k bakom sig.

Andra svenskar som återvänder när spelet drar igång är Jerry Ödeen (29), Kee Seow (106), Dennis Berglin (172) och Peter Eichhardt (217).

Ungrare i topp, Shak tvåa

Det är den ungerska spelaren Andras Nemeth som leder Main Event efter en dags spel. Han har samlat på sig 192,700 marker.

Tvåa ligger affärsmannen Dan Shak, som senast kommer från miljonturneringen One Drop Extravaganza.

Ett par andra noterbara namn som är kvar är den pratglada engelsmannen William Kassouf och Battle of Maltas värdinna Maria Ho.

223 spelare återstår av de 459 som köpte in sig, men det lär förmodligen ramla in några till då registreringen är öppen tills Dag 2 börjar.

Nedan följer chipcounten för de 10 bästa spelarna:

Andras Nemeth (Ungern) – 192,700 Dan Shak (USA) – 185,100 Armin Mette (Österrike) – 183,700 Pasi Sormunen (Finland) – 183,600 Alex Brand (Holland) – 163,300 Anton Bertilsson (Sverige) – 155,200 Mats Karlsson (Sverige) – 150,200 Roberto Romanello (Storbritannien) – 148,300 Frederik Jensen (Danmark) – 147,800 Ole Schemion (Tyskland) – 147,500

Michalak vinner €10k Single Re-entry på under 12 timmar

Samtidigt som Dag 1B pågick spelades sidoeventet €10,000 Single Re-Entry.

Jakab Michalak EPT Malta
Michalak tillsammans med Barcelonas mästare Malec

Det blev en relativt kort historia.

Totalt registrerade sig 64 spelare för eventet, varav 20 tog möjligheten att använda sitt återinköp.

Det genererade en prispott på €814,800 som 11 spelare fick dela på.

Bäst gick det för den polska spelare Jakab Michalek som vann turneringen efter bara 12 timmars spel.

Den avgörande handen var ett klassiskt race där Michalek satt på tvåorna och mötte två överkort från italienaren Rocco Palumbo.

Tvåorna höll och Michalek kunde ta hem €178,403 i prispengar.

Den mest namnkunniga spelaren på finalbordet var amerikanaren Scott Siever. Han slutade femma för €63k.

----------------------------------

Dagens spel börjar klockan 12:00 svensk tid, och du kan följa actionen live här.

Fler nyheter från EPT Malta går att läsa här.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Finland slår Sverige i Köpenhamn   

Samtidigt som EPT Barcelona avgjordes spelades även Unibet Open i Köpenhamn. De två senaste åren har turneringen fått en dansk vinnare. I år blev det en stenhård kamp mellan Sverige och Finland.

Med fyra spelare kvar återfanns två svenskar och två finnar - Daniel Wittikko och Robin Sevastik för Sverige samt Joni Liimatta och Evgueny Ievkov för Finland.

Heads-up:en blev också en svensk/finsk duell, där Liimatta tyvärr besegrade Wittikko för att säkra Unibet Open-trofén.

Totalt deltog 376 spelare vilket skapade en prispott på €363,602.

Skandinavisk dominans

Spelarfältet bestod mestadels av skandinaver.

Daniel Wittikko Unibet Open Köpenhamn
Daniel Wittikko (Foto; Tambet Kask)

På finalbordet var sex av nio spelare från Danmark, Sverige och Finland, men det fanns också representanter från USA, Rumänien och Serbien.

När fem spelare återstod började Liimatta att köra över bordet. Först eliminerade han hemmafavoriten Lasse Haagensen på en femteplats med K Q vs A T och efter det var han ostoppbar.

Liimatta slog sedan ut Sevastik med J T vs K 3 och strax efteråt avslutade han sin landsmans äventyr med 7 7 vs A J.

Inför heads-up spelet hade Liimatta ett stort chipövertag när han gjorde en riskfylld syn med K 9. Wittiko dominerade honom med A 9, men det här var Liimattas dag, och han träffade en kung både på floppen och på rivern.

Joni Liimatta fick €70,514 för vinsten medan Robin Sevastik fick €44,995 för andraplatsen.

Novembernian Hallaert turneringsledare

Kenny Hallaert har varit turneringsledare och pokermanager på en rad casinon i Belgien, och han var glad över möjligheten att få hantera en stor turneringsserie som Unibet Open.

Kenny Hallaert Unibet Open
Kenny Hallaert under Unibet Open Köpenhamn (Foto; Tambet Kask)

”Att jag lyckats nå November Nine förändrar ingenting för mig personligen. Som turneringsledare vill jag se till så att spelarna får en så bra spelupplevelse som möjligt.”

”Allting gick väldigt smidigt, och det dök inte upp några större problem.”

”Vi har inte fått höra några klagomål från någon spelare, och jag kan bara vara glad över hur turneringen sköttes.”

Hallaert kommer även att vara turneringsledare för Unibet Open i Belgien som drar igång om två veckor innan han börjar fokusera på November Nine.

Satteliter till den upplagan hittar du som vanligt hos Unibet.

Resultat finalbordet Unibet Open Köpenhamn 2016

Prispott: €363,602
Inköp: €1,000 + €100
Spelare: 376

Joni Liimatta (Finland) - €70,514 Daniel Wittikko (Sverige) - €44,995 Evgueny Ievkov (Finland) - €31,129 Robin Sevastik (Sverige) - €23,129 Lasse Haagensen (Danmark) - €17,783 Srdan Andric (Serbien) - €13,673 Patrick Coughlin (USA) - €10,946 Alexandru Dan Nistor (Rumänien) - €8,757 Rune Thomsen (Danmark) - €7,011

Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Juha Helppi tvåa i Super High Rollern: ”Lite besviken”   

Helppi är en av de största pokerprofilerna i Finland. I EPT Maltas Super Highroller slutade han på en andraplacering. Våra reportrar som fanns på plats fick chansen att prata med honom, om poker, Global Poker League och andra pokerrelaterade uppdrag och projekt.

I årets Super High Roller vid EPT Malta fanns 74 entries. Bland dessa fick vi se några av världens största pokerstjärnor, däribland den finske pokereliten Juha Helppi. Under den slutliga uppgörelsen var det tajt mellan honom och Max ”Timex” McDonald. I början av spelet stod han som chipledare men blev senare överkörd av McDonald som också tog hem segern.

PokerListings: Om vi säger ”grattis till andraplatsen”, skulle du se det som en komplimang eller en förolämpning?

– Komplimang, utan tvekan, men jag vet vad du syftar på. Det var ett ganska stort fält och att komma tvåa är stort.

– Jag är dock lite besviken, särskilt över att jag, som då var chipledare, inte tog hem hela segern.

Vad hände?

– Korten var döda. Under vår heads-up så lyckades jag inte vända skeppet. Jag förlorade varje hand. McDonald var klart den bästa spelaren.

Du var med i juryn på European Poker Awards i mars, samtidigt som Global Poker Masters arrangerade sin första turnering.

– Ja, vi diskuterade vinnarna i de olika kategorierna, och jag tror att vi gjorde många bra val. Jag har varit utvald till många andra jurygrupper men jag vet inte varför.

Entreprenören bakom Global Poker Masters, Alex Dreyfus planerar nu att dra igång Global Poker League. Vad tror du om det nya konceptet?

– Jag har inte följt utvecklingen, men det är ingenting jag lär vara involverad i.

Tror du inte att det kommer bli en framgång?

– Jo, det tror jag. Dock är jag tveksam till att jag kommer bli utvald. Skulle jag blivit utvald så skulle jag spelat.

Du är etta i Finland…

– Ja det är jag, däremot förväntar jag mig att spelarna röstar på sina vänner. Det finns många bra tyska, franska och brittiska spelare.  De som blir utvalda kommer få välja vilka vänner de vill ha med sig till teamet.

– Det finns inget att klaga på, jag hade gjort samma sak. Finska spelare är trevliga.

Konceptet bakom Global Poker League skiljer sig mycket från den traditionella pokern. Tror du att de lyckas med sitt projekt?

– Ja, det är något jag hoppas på. De tv-sända pokerturneringarna är färre och framtiden ser inte bra ut.

Tittar vi på de gamla teameventen så kan ser vi många misslyckade försök. Varför skulle man lyckas med just den här?

– Det skulle bli annorlunda om de större spelarna gick med på det. När de kända spelarna fanns där så fanns det också en stor publik, exempelvis i större cashgames-event.

– När den nordamerikanska marknaden dog så slutade man sända dessa events i TV.

Men om Alex Dreyfus skulle ringa dig i morgon och fråga om du ville vara med i Global Poker League, skulle du vara intresserad?

– Ja, självklart skulle jag det.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Nokia le roba a Samsung uno de sus CEOs: Gregory Lee se pasa al bando finlandés    

Gregory Lee

Nokia va poco a poco resurgiendo de sus cenizas, como un ave Fénix finlandés, y aunque no sea ya el gigante que conquistó el mundo de los teléfonos móviles sino algo reinventado, su marca sigue teniendo mucho peso en el sector. Poco a poco, y con el apoyo de Android como sistema operativo, Nokia vuelve a hacerse un hueco y parece que su estrategia de crecimiento pasa también por fichar talentos de otras compañías.

Es por ello que desde Nokia se ha anunciado la incorporación de un talento de la competencia, concretamente de Samsung. Probablemente a los coreanos no les haya hecho mucha gracia perder al que hasta ahora era CEO de su división en norteamérica pero lo cierto es que Gregory Lee forma parte ahora del equipo de Nokia y reporta directamente a la persona más importante de la compañía.

De Samsung a Nokia

Gregory Lee entró a formar parte del equipo de Samsung hace 13 años y durante su carrera en la compañía desempeñó varios cargos, aunque el último fue el de CEO de Samsung Electronics North America, dedicándose a dirigir y conformar el catálogo de productos de Samsung en el país. No sólo hablamos de teléfonos móviles sino de todo tipo de dispositivos electrónico, incluidos los relacionados con la domótica.

Lee ha pasado por Kellog's, Johnson & Johnson o Procter & Gamble durante sus 30 años de vida profesional y a partir de ahora será la cabeza visible de Nokia Electronics. Su puesto estará únicamente un peldaño por debajo de Rajeev Suri, presidente y CEO de Nokia, y estará encargado de todos los productos de Nokia que necesiten electricidad para funcionar. Tenemos nuevo responsable de la división de redes y teléfonos.

Estoy emocionado por la oportunidad de dirigir Nokia Technologies. El equipo de Nokia Technologies ha producido productos y soluciones innovadoras en sectores dinámicos y de gran crecimiento dentro del mercado de la tecnología de consumo, y me siento honrado de estar en la posición de ayudar a construir parte de su éxito en el futuro.

En palabras de Suri, la elección de Lee ha estado motivada en parte por su pasión por la innovación y la excelencia en tareas operativas. El desarrollo de la futura Nokia global recaerá ahora sobre los hombros de Gregory Lee mientras Samsung ya trata de buscar un reemplazo para su figura en la compañía. Aunque por el momento, no se han dado datos del estado de las pesquisas.

Vía | PhoneArena
En Xataka Móvil | El día que marcó el futuro de Nokia

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La noticia Nokia le roba a Samsung uno de sus CEOs: Gregory Lee se pasa al bando finlandés fue publicada originalmente en Xataka Móvil por Samuel Fernández .


          Finland rape case: Cuban volleyball players' jail terms cut   
Five members of Cuba's national volleyball team jailed for rape in Finland get reduced terms on appeal.
          EDUFI becas para estudiantes de doctorado extranjeros en Finlandia, 2017   

Esta beca ha sido extraida de la mejor web de Becas de Educación: Becas Educación - 2018

Agencia Nacional finlandesa de Educación (EDUFI) otorga becas para estudiantes extranjeros de doctorado y jóvenes investigadores realizar estudios de postgrado, investigación y formación en las universidades de Finlandia. el grupo objetivo principal en el programa de becas de EDUFI es estos alumnos de doctorado que va a hacer su doctorado...

¡Mira más información en EDUFI becas para estudiantes de doctorado extranjeros en Finlandia, 2017!


          Richard Galliano - Solo in Finland   
 Album type: Live
 Album language: French
 Released: 1992 year
 Tracks: 16
 Price: $1.92
 Total size: 118.06 Mb
 Bitrate: Constant, 256/320 kbps!
 Genres: 'Jazz', 'Tango'
 Artist: Richard Galliano

          Sverige och Finland ansluter sig till brittiskledd insatsstyrka   
Vid en ceremoni på Karlbergs slott den 30 juni träffades Sveriges försvarsminister Peter Hultqvist, Storbritanniens försvarsminister Michael Fallon och Finlands försvarsminister Jussi Niinistö för att formalisera Sveriges och Finlands anslutning till den brittiskledda snabbinsatsstyrkan Joint Expeditionary Force, JEF.
          Sverige med i Natos innsatsstyrke   
Sverige og Finland har inngått en avtale om å delta i Natos hurtigreaksjonsstyrke. Norge har deltatt i styrken siden 2015.
          Talk Show America 10/22/2011   
itunes pic
Ghadaffi is dead ! Who Cares ? Solyndra scandal, Obama admin loans Elec car Co 1/2 billion to make cars in Finland !, The Occupy Wall Street Protester Morons, Obama announces end to Iraq War because his poll numbers suck !
          ЩЕДРЫЕ ДАРЫ ФИНСКОЙ ПРИРОДЫ   

Дары финской природы - простые и экологически чистые сезонные продукты, неспешно растущие в естественных условиях.

The post ЩЕДРЫЕ ДАРЫ ФИНСКОЙ ПРИРОДЫ appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Stockmann säljer Delikatessen till S-gruppen   
Varuhuset Stockmann säljer Delikatessen till S-gruppen. Köpesumman är 27 miljoner euro. De ungefär 800 anställda vid de sex Delikatessen-affärerna i Finland flyttar över till S-gruppen, som hyr in sig i Stockmanns utrymmen.
          Nu ska också de asylsökandes demonstration bort från Järnvägstorget   
Senast klockan 19 på fredagskvällen måste de asylsökandes demonstration vara borta från Järnvägstorget i Helsingfors. Polisen hänvisar till säkerhet och allmän ordning på området. Demonstrationen Finland först (Suomi ensin) blev tvungen att avlägsna sig från platsen under måndagen och efter det har det gjorts försök att återupprätta demonstrationen på Järnvägstorget.
          Mazzarella får Warelius-priset   
Emeritaprofessorn i nordisk litteratur Merete Mazzarella får Warelius-priset Priset delas årligen ut av Finlands facklitterära författare till personer som på ett betydande sätt har bidragit till finländsk facklitteratur. Prisnämnden motiverar sitt beslut bland annat med Mazzarellas omfattande produktion av både fakta- och skönlitteratur samt hennes förmåga att tilltala läsare i alla målgrupper. Den andra pristagaren i år är läromedelsförfattaren Titta Putus-Hilavuori.
          Fjärrlotsning väcker oro   
I Finland har vi haft lotsar ända sedan år 1696. Och precis som för 320 år sedan är de beredda varje dag på året, dygnet runt att stiga upp eller ner för repstegen till fartyg och lotsa dem genom vår skärgård - både i fint väder och i de värsta vinterstormarna. Men nu håller det på att förändras.
          Nordisk taxijätte landstiger i Finland - Cabonline köper Kovanen och Mankkaan Taksi   
Cabonline, som äger tusentals taxibilar i Sverige, Norge och Danmark bilar ett dotterbolag i Finland. Som bas står 500 chaufförer och 150 bilar inom nuvarande Kovanen och Mankkaan Taksi. Kovanen och Mankkaan Taksi ägs nu av det nordiska taxiföretaget Cabonline.
          Stage international au Conseil de l'Europe - des nouvelles de notre étudiante   
Pour parachever sa maîtrise en études internationales, Anne-Cécile Dequen est partie en stage au Conseil de l'Europe, à Strasbourg. À cette occasion, elle a vu se concrétiser des mois de travail lorsqu'elle a été amenée à participer à la 24e session de la Conférence permanente du Conseil de l'Europe des ministres de l'Éducation, se déroulant à Helsinki en Finlande (26 et 27 avril). Elle témoigne.
          Nouvelle entente d'échanges universitaires : une université finlandaise s'ajoute à nos partenaires    
L'University of Turkudevient un nouveau partenaire des HEI par le biais de son programme de maîtrise: History and Politics of European integration, qui s'ajoute ainsi aux sept autres ententes de type Profil international des HEI : Argentine, Belgique, Chili, France, Norvège, Pérou et Suède. Dès l'automne 2013, des étudiants des HEI pourront donc passer une session à Turku, dans le sud-ouest de la Finlande, dans le cadre de leur maîtrise en études internationales. Et réciproquement, des étudiants de l'University of Turku pourront se rendre ici pour enrichir leur programme. Félicitations à notre coordonnatrice des études, Louise Trudel, et à Marie-Claude Tremblay, du Bureau international de l'Université Laval, qui ont permis que cette entente voie le jour! En savoir plus sur nos programmes d'échanges universitaires
          A Bit Lighter Posting Schedule for July   
During July, it always seems like people in Montana are more interested in exploring rivers and mountains than reading about politics, so we’re likely to have a reduced posting schedule over the next month or so. Pete will be doing some traveling and I will be in Europe exploring Finland, the Baltics, and Poland. Feel […]
          Exclusive - Finland auctions wind portfolio   
A state-owned Finnish land & forestry company has put up for sale a 412 MW portfolio of wind projects.
          Thierry Neuville manda en el Rally de Polonia, Ogier cede   
thierry-neuville-201737448_2.jpg

De cuatro a tres contendientes. El segundo bucle del Rally de Polonia ha reducido, al menos a primera vista, la nómina de aspirantes a la victoria. Aunque los ingredientes han sido idénticos al bucle matinal, en este caso el barro y los tramos rotos no han jugado a favor de Sébastien Ogier. El francés ha perdido medio minuto respecto a los tres líderes del rally, que tras 115 kilómetros siguen separados por unos cuantos segundos. Con todo y tras un 'rush' final muy interesante, Thierry Neuville cierra la jornada al frente del Rally de Portugal con una ventaja de 1,3 segundos sobre Ott Tänak.

La lluvia no ha dado tregua a los aficionados presentes en el Rally de Polonia. Fans que han vuelto dejar su sello, en clave negativa, por su deficiente colocación en el SS6. A pesar de los insistentes mensajes del organizador de la prueba para corregir esta situación, el SS6 ha sido neutralizado, restando 6,52 kilómetros a la prueba. Sea como fuere, esta cancelación no era ni de lejos la mayor sorpresa que se daba en los tramos polacos, ya que Teemu Suninen sumaba su primer scratch absoluto en el WRC a los mandos del Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17 con el que está debutando.

Más allá del sorprendente crono de la joven perla finlandesa, el primer tramo real del bucle dejaba patente que las cosas no iban a ser tan fáciles para los líderes. Los grandes charcos y el barro daban paso a unos tramos realmente rotos tras el paso de toda la caravana del rally en el primer bucle, lo que perjudicaba a Sébastien Ogier al abrir pista. De hecho, pilotos con puestos retrasados de salida conseguían asomarse entre los mejores en el SS7. Quizá el caso más claro el de Andreas Mikkelsen, que tras golpear un árbol en el SS5 conseguía seguir en competición gracias al frenético trabajo de sus mecánicos.

thierry-neuville-201737448_1.jpg

La segunda pasada por 'Swietajno' dejaba un nuevo scratch de Thierry Neuville, con Dani Sordo como el segundo piloto más rápido del tramo. Teemu Suninen volvía a rodar entre los mejores para asaltar la séptima posición de la general, aunque era Ott Tänak el que sacaba más rédito al SS8 al escalar al colocarse líder. Un discreto tramo de Jari-Matti Latvala era suficiente para que Tänak diera el salto al primer puesto. En el lado opuesto de la moneda y con notables problemas para encontrar grip, Sébastien Ogier se dejaba 13,5 segundos para colocarse a casi medio minuto de su compañero.

El contragolpe de Thierry Neuville llegaba en el SS9 con un scratch que le permitía asaltar el liderato, posición que ya no abandonaba en lo que restaba de jornada. Ott Tänak y Jari-Matti Latvala no podían seguir el ritmo entre las grandes roderas y el agua estancada presente en varias secciones del último tramo al uso del día, algo que volvía a repercutir en el ritmo de Sébastien Ogier. El francés se dejaba otros 9,9 segundos respecto a Neuville para alejarse por encima del medio minuto del piloto belga. De hecho, Hayden Paddon y Dani Sordo se postulan como amenaza del francés tras la Súper Especial de Mikolajki.

Al cierre de la jornada, Thierry Neuville tiene una ventaja de 1,3 segundos sobre Ott Tänak y de 6,6 segundos sobre Jari-Matti Latvala. Apartado de la lucha por el podio, al menos de forma provisional, Sébastien Ogier cede 35,1 segundos respecto al líder de la prueba y tiene a apenas 4,5 segundos a Hayden Paddon. El cántabro Dani Sordo ocupa la sexta posición con margen más o menos amplio respecto a Teemu Suninen y Juho Hänninen. Stéphane Lefebvre con el primero de los Citroën, toda vez que Craig Breen fue penalizado, y Mads Ostberg cierran el Top 10.

thierry-neuville-201737448_3.jpg

La batalla por el liderato del WRC2 mantiene una gran dosis de emoción. Ole Christian Veiby y Pontus Tidemand no se dan tregua y al final de la jornada han terminado separados por 5,1 segundos. De momento, Ole Christian Veiby está por delante, aunque el empuje del piloto oficial de Skoda está siendo realmente grande. En otro mundo, con más de dos minutos perdidos respecto a los dos pilotos de referencia, Quentin Gilbert cierra el podio provisional. Con todo, el francés tiene una posición muy cómoda ya que Benito Guerra casi está un minuto por detrás.

Por último, cabe destacar el gran zarpazo que ha dado Nil Solans en el Junior WRC y por ende en la clase WRC3. El piloto catalán ha firmado un bucle vespertino casi perfecto, con tres de los cuatro scratch en juego. El español sólo ha cedido el mejor tiempo en la Súper Especial que cerraba la jornada, un mal menor a tenor de la ventaja que ha obtenido. De hecho, Solans ostenta una ventaja de 25,1 segundos sobre Denis Radström y de 42,7 segundos sobre el finlandés Emil Lindholm. Terry Folb aspira al podio de ambas categorías.

Clasificación tras el SS10 del 74º Rally de Polonia

Posición Piloto
Vehículo
Tiempo / Diferencia

Thierry Neuville
Hyundai i20 WRC Coupé
56:21.2

Ott Tänak
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+1.3

Jari-Matti Latvala
Toyota Yaris WRC
+6.6

Sébastien Ogier
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+35.1
Hayden Paddon
Hyundai i20 WRC Coupé
+39.6

Dani Sordo
Hyundai i20 WRC Coupé
+51.7

Teemu Suninen
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+ 1:11.0

Juho Hänninen
Toyota Yaris WRC
+1:28.9

Stéphane Lefebvre
Citroën C3 WRC
+1:37.0
10º
Mads Ostberg
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+ 1:42.7

La segunda etapa del Rally de Polonia arranca este sábado a las 08:08 horas con la disputa del primero de los nueve tramos que componen la jornada. Los pilotos se enfrentarán a 144,74 kilómetros contra el crono.

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La noticia Thierry Neuville manda en el Rally de Polonia, Ogier cede fue publicada originalmente en @motorpuntoes por Fernando Sancho.


          Kalle Rovanperä, WRC y Británico de Rallies en 2018   
kalle-rovanpera-wrc-mas-britanico-de-ral

Kalle Rovanperä es apenas un adolescente, pero la expectación que está creando en el mundo de los rallies es similar a la que generó Max Verstappen cuando escaló a la Fórmula 1. A sus 16 años, el hijo de Harri Rovanperä ya ha competido a los mandos de varios R5 en los Nacionales de Estonia, Finlandia o Italia e incluso ha rodado con el Ford Fiesta RS WRC de la anterior generación, además de probar en un test el Toyota Yaris WRC. Kalle Rovanperä debutará en el seno del WRC en el Rally de Gales, pero a partir de ahí su futuro irá paso a paso.

Su entorno, con su representante a la cabeza, han diseñado un camino lógico y sosegado para el joven piloto finlandés. En este aspecto, está previsto que en 2018 dispute al menos seis pruebas del WRC con un vehículo R5 dentro de la categoría WRC2. Las pruebas candidatas a este programa son Argentina, México, Finlandia, Australia, Gales y España por las limitaciones de edad que tendrá un Rovanperä que no cumplirá los 18 años hasta la recta final de la temporada. Sin embargo, no será el único programa para el piloto suomi, ya que Kalle Rovanperä disputará algunas pruebas del Campeonato Británico de Rallies.

Será en 2019 cuando Kalle tenga un programa completo en WRC2 con intención de luchar por el título, aunque antes de esto deberá foguearse en el Británico de Rallies (BRC), un escenario perfecto para aprender, tal y como ha explicado en 'Autosport' el mánager de Rovanperä, Timo Jouhki: "El BRC es muy buen escenario. Hay algunas colisiones en el calendario con el WRC, así que tendremos que ver cómo encaja todo. Será muy útil para él hacer el BRC en paralelo a las rondas del WRC previstas. El Británico de Rallies es un buen lugar para aprender. Hay muchas superficies diferentes y distintos tipos de eventos".

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La noticia Kalle Rovanperä, WRC y Británico de Rallies en 2018 fue publicada originalmente en @motorpuntoes por Fernando Sancho.


          Kuutio öppnar för e-handel med virke   
I maj öppnade Kuutio, en elektronisk virkeshandelsplats i Finland. Nu kan de finska privata skogsägarna handla med sitt virke på ett gemensamt ställe.
          250243-2017: Finlande-Kuopio: Services de santé et services sociaux   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          250125-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Services de maintenance de systèmes   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          249719-2017: Finlande-Vaasa: Services de téléphonie et de transmission de données   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 30-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          249713-2017: Finlande-Lahti: Services récréatifs, culturels et sportifs   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 15-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          249696-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Services d'appui aux pouvoirs publics   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 02-07-2021 | Document: Système d’acquisition dynamique
          249519-2017: Finlande-Helsinki: Services cinématographiques et services vidéo   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 31-07-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          Vithas se consolida como grupo sanitario privado líder en la provincia de Málaga   

 

El grupo sanitario Vithas ha consolidado su presencia en Málaga y se ha convertido en el grupo sanitario privado líder de la provincia con un total de 10 centros. Esto conlleva una aproximación de sus servicios al paciente, ya que los traslada a sus lugares de residencia, evitando desplazamientos excesivos. Vithas cuenta en España con 19 hospitales y 25 centros especializados Vithas Salud.
Así lo ha manifestado esta mañana José Luis Pardo, Consejero Director General del Grupo Vithas, en un desayuno con los medios en el que ha explicado que el grupo sanitario Vithas, que es el primer operador de capital 100% español, cuenta en la provincia de Málaga con dos hospitales y ocho centros monográficos altamente especializados en los que se atiende anualmente a más de 1.000.000 pacientes, entre las localidades de Nerja y Gibraltar.
En esta presentación el Consejero Director General del Grupo Vithas ha explicado que la apuesta por Málaga desde Vithas es constante, desde que el grupo se crease en el año 2012. Desde entonces el Grupo ha seguido un ambicioso proyecto de crecimiento, basado en la excelencia tanto a nivel médico como asistencial. En el acto José Luis Pardo ha estado acompañado por Fernando Carranza, Director Corporativo de Privados y Marketing; Mercedes Mengíbar, Directora Gerente del Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional y Jaime Muñoz, Director Gerente de Vithas Parque San Antonio y Vithas Salud Rincón Medical Center.
“En la actualidad Vithas cuenta en Málaga con más de 1.400 profesionales que ofrecen una amplia y completa cartera de servicios en la provincia, garantizando a los pacientes un servicio sanitario de calidad y ofreciéndoles los últimos avances diagnósticos y terapéuticos”, matiza José Luis Pardo.
El Consejero Director General ha destacado también la fuerte apuesta por la calidad que realiza el grupo Vithas. “En Vithas concebimos la calidad como un concepto integral: atención rápida y resolutiva, información constante e inequívoca y trato cercano y personalizado. Por eso, hemos puesto en marcha, entre otras iniciativas la incorporación de nuestros hospitales al más reconocido proceso de acreditación internacional de calidad en atención sanitaria, la Joint Commission International. De hecho, el Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, que fue acreditado por primera vez en el año 2014, acaba de reacreditarse por segunda vez consecutiva. Actualmente, únicamente 10 hospitales en España cuentan con este reconocimiento, siendo uno de ellos el Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional”, explica.
Joint Commission International (JCI) es el organismo evaluador de mayor prestigio a nivel mundial, una división de Joint Commission Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) que tiene como finalidad mejorar la calidad de la atención en la comunidad internacional, facilitando servicios de acreditación en todo el mundo. El proceso de evaluación de la JCI está diseñado para adaptarse a las características legales, religiosas y culturales de cada país y está centrado en la atención al paciente.
Excelencia en la atención al paciente
La excelencia en la atención al paciente es otras de las principales apuestas de Vithas. Su objetivo es que, en cualquiera de los hospitales y centros especializados de Vithas el equipo humano ofrezca al paciente y a su familia una atención cálida y personalizada basada en la calidad, información y la rapidez. Para ello Vithas es el único grupo sanitario de la provincia que dispone de la figura del Asesor Personal de Salud (APS), profesionales especialmente cualificados y preparados cuya misión es asesorar, guiar y acompañar a los pacientes en su relación con el hospital. En Málaga Vithas cuenta ya con un equipo especializado de APS, incrementándose su número desde la creación de esta figura gracias al extraordinario nivel de aceptación que ha tenido entre pacientes y médicos.
Vithas Málaga cuenta, además, con un Departamento de International Services que atiende a pacientes de más de 115 nacionalidades en 16 idiomas: inglés, chino, alemán, sueco, danés, finlandés, italiano, ruso, japonés, árabe, etc. El equipo que lo conforma está especialmente formado para adaptarse a las necesidades y cultura de los pacientes extranjeros y trabaja en coordinación con las diferentes áreas del hospital para asegurar que, tanto ellos como sus familias, reciban una excelente asistencia médica. Este servicio está además en contacto directo con los Asesores Personales de Salud

          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Exposure to cardiovascular risk factors linked with arterial distensibility in adolescence   
(University of Turku) The longitudinal study on children and adolescents conducted by the Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine at the University of Turku, Finland, is unique worldwide. The study shows that cardiovascular risk factors, such as overweight, high blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and insulin resistance, are associated with arterial distensibility in adolescence.
           What have men to do with women’s careers and gender equality?    
Hearn, Jeff (2014) What have men to do with women’s careers and gender equality? In: Women as managers and leaders, 24th April 2014, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland. (Unpublished)
           Opening Up New Opportunities for Gender Equality Work    
Hearn, Jeff, Lämsä, Anna-Maija, Biese, Ingrid, Heikkinen, Suvi, Louvrier, Jonna, Niemistö,, Charlotta, Kangas, Emilia, Koskinen, Paula, Jyrkinen, Marjut, Gustavsson, Malin and Hirvonen, Petri (2015) Opening Up New Opportunities for Gender Equality Work. Research Report. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
           TASA-arvon mahdollisuuksia avaamassa: NaisUrat-hankkeen loppuraportti    
Hearn, Jeff, Lämsä,, Anna-Maija, Biese, Ingrid, Heikkinen, Suvi, Louvrier, Jonna, Niemistö,, Charlotta, Kangas, Emilia, Koskinen, Paula, Jyrkinen, Marjut and Gustavsson ja Petri Hirvonen, Malin (2015) TASA-arvon mahdollisuuksia avaamassa: NaisUrat-hankkeen loppuraportti. Research Report. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
           Gendered and Social Hierarchies in Problem Representation and Policy Processes: "Domestic Violence" in Finland and Scotland    
Hearn, Jeff and McKie, Linda (2010) Gendered and Social Hierarchies in Problem Representation and Policy Processes: "Domestic Violence" in Finland and Scotland. Violence Against Women, 16 (2). pp. 136-158. ISSN 1077-8012
           The quest for wellbeing in growth industries: a collaborative study in Finland and Scotland    
Hearn, Jeff, Tallberg, Teemu, Gripenberg, P., Jyrkinen, Marjut, Niemistö, C., McKie, Linda, Smith, A., Hogg, Gill and Bowlby, Sophie (2010) The quest for wellbeing in growth industries: a collaborative study in Finland and Scotland. In: Women, leadership and management. Edita, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 184-185.
           Gendering large transnational companies    
Hearn, Jeff, Piekkari, Rebecca and Jyrkinen, Marjut (2010) Gendering large transnational companies. In: Women, leadership and management. Edita, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 99-111.
           Men and masculinities in organisations and management’    
Hearn, Jeff (2010) Men and masculinities in organisations and management’. In: Women, leadership and management. Edita, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 85-98.
           Teaching on gender and staffing within three Finnish business schools    
Husu, L., Hearn, Jeff, Hiillos, Minna, Lämsä, A.M., Vanhala, S., Holm, J., Laukkanen, M.E. and Peltola, K. (2010) Teaching on gender and staffing within three Finnish business schools. In: Women, leadership and management. Edita, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 14-24.
           Masculinities and Leadership, 20 years on: gender/intersectionalities, local/transnational, embodied/virtual, theory/practice    
Hearn, Jeff (2010) Masculinities and Leadership, 20 years on: gender/intersectionalities, local/transnational, embodied/virtual, theory/practice. In: Leadership through the Gender Lens: Women and Men in Organizations. Edita, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 235-248.
           Women, leadership and management    
Husu, L., Hearn, Jeff, Lämsä, A.M. and Vanhala, S. (2010) Women, leadership and management. Edita, Helsinki, Finland.
           Leadership through the Gender Lens: Women and Men in Organizations    
Husu, L., Hearn, Jeff, Lämsä, A.M. and Vanhala, S. (2010) Leadership through the Gender Lens: Women and Men in Organizations. Edita, Helsinki, Finland.
           The social problem of men in Europe: The social problem and societal problematisation of men and masculinities: "The social problem of men" Policy Option Paper 1    
Hearn, Jeff, Muller, Ursula, Oleksy, Elzbieta H., Pringle, Keith, Chernova, Janna, Ferguson, Harry, Holter, Oystein Gullvag, Kolga, Voldemar, Novikova, Irina, Ventimiglia, Carmine, Lattu, Emmi, Tallberg, Teemu and Olsvik, Elvind (2002) The social problem of men in Europe: The social problem and societal problematisation of men and masculinities: "The social problem of men" Policy Option Paper 1. Project Report. CROME: Critical Research on Men in Europe, Helsinki, Finland.
           The European Research Network on men in Europe: the social problem and societal problematisation of men and masculinities Draft Final Report: "The social problem of men"    
Hearn, Jeff, Mueller, Ursula, Oleksy, Elzbieta H., Pringle, Keith, Chernova, Janna, Ferguson, Harry, Holter, Oystein Gullvag, Kolga, Voldemar, Novikova, Irina, Ventimiglia, Carmine, Lattu, Emmi, Tallberg, Teemu and Olsvik, Elvind (2002) The European Research Network on men in Europe: the social problem and societal problematisation of men and masculinities Draft Final Report: "The social problem of men". Project Report. Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, Helsinki, Finland.
           The European Research Network on men in Europe: the social problem and societal problematisation of men and masculinities Draft Interim Final Report: "The social problem of men"    
Hearn, Jeff, Mueller, Ursula, Oleksy, Elzbieta H., Pringle, Keith, Chernova, Janna, Ferguson, Harry, Holter, Oystein Gullvag, Kolga, Voldemar, Novikova, Irina, Ventimiglia, Carmine, Lattu, Emmi, Tallberg, Teemu, Olsvik, Elvind, Millett, Jackie, Jacobsen, Astrid and Rydzewska, Joanna (2002) The European Research Network on men in Europe: the social problem and societal problematisation of men and masculinities Draft Interim Final Report: "The social problem of men". Project Report. Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, Helsinki, Finland.
           Finland update on national report with the focus on men's violence    
Hearn, Jeff, Jyrkinen, Marjut and Lattu, Emmi (2005) Finland update on national report with the focus on men's violence. Project Report. CROME: Critical Research on Men in Europe, Helsinki, Sweden. (Unpublished)
           Finland National Report on Newspaper Representations on Men and Men´s Practices    
Hearn, Jeff and Lattu, Emmi (2001) Finland National Report on Newspaper Representations on Men and Men´s Practices. Project Report. CROME: Critical Research on Men in Europe, Helsinki, Sweden. (Unpublished)
           Finland National Report on Law and Policy Addressing Men's Practices    
Hearn, Jeff, Lattu, Emmi and Tallberg, Teemu (2001) Finland National Report on Law and Policy Addressing Men's Practices. Project Report. CROME: Critical Research on Men in Europe, Helsinki, Sweden. (Unpublished)
           Finland report on statistical information on men's practices workpackage 2    
Hearn, Jeff, Lattu, Emmi and Tallberg, Teemu (2001) Finland report on statistical information on men's practices workpackage 2. Project Report. CROME: Critical Research on Men in Europe, Helsinki, Sweden. (Unpublished)
           Finland national report on research on men's practices workpackage 1    
Hearn, Jeff and Lattu, Emmi (2000) Finland national report on research on men's practices workpackage 1. Project Report. CROME: Critical Research on Men in Europe, Helsinki, Sweden. (Unpublished)
           Autobiography, nation, postcolonialism and gender: reflecting on men in England, Finland and Ireland    
Hearn, Jeff (2005) Autobiography, nation, postcolonialism and gender: reflecting on men in England, Finland and Ireland. Irish Journal of Sociology, 14 (2). pp. 66-93. ISSN 0791-6035
           "Silence is golden": sciences and silences in organisation and management studies    
Hearn, Jeff (2004) "Silence is golden": sciences and silences in organisation and management studies. Journal of the Economic Society of Finland, 57 (1-2). pp. 63-70. ISSN 0013-3183
           Gender-neutrality, gender equality and policy: comparing and contrasting policy responses to 'domestic violence' in Finland and Scotland    
Hearn, Jeff and McKie, Linda (2004) Gender-neutrality, gender equality and policy: comparing and contrasting policy responses to 'domestic violence' in Finland and Scotland. Scottish Affairs (48). pp. 85-107. ISSN 0966-0356
           Laillisesta liiketoiminnasta sukupuolistuneeseen vakivaltaan : Kaupallisen seksin argumentaatioista suomessa. (From legal business to gender violence : argumentations on the sex trade in Finland)    
Hearn, Jeff and Jyrkinen, Marjut (2008) Laillisesta liiketoiminnasta sukupuolistuneeseen vakivaltaan : Kaupallisen seksin argumentaatioista suomessa. (From legal business to gender violence : argumentations on the sex trade in Finland). In: Paljastettu intiimi: sukupuolistuneen väkivallan dynamiikkaa. Lapin yliopistokustannus, pp. 368-404. ISBN 9789524842075
           Gendering men and masculinities in science, academia and research    
Hearn, Jeff (2005) Gendering men and masculinities in science, academia and research. In: Science, Knowledge and Gender. Gaudeamus, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 170-199. ISBN 9789516629318
           Men, Europe and Post-socialism    
Hearn, Jeff, Novikova, Irina, Pringle, Keith, Muller, Ursula, Oleksy, Elzbieta H., Chernova, Janna, Ferguson, Harry, Holter, Oystein Gullvag, Kolga, Voldemar, Lattu, Emmi, Tallberg, Teemu and Ventimiglia, Carmine (2003) Men, Europe and Post-socialism. In: Men in the Global World. Integrating Post-Socialist Perspectives. Kikimora Publishers, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 75-102. ISBN 952-10-1308-7
           Newspaper representations of men, masculinities and men's practices: a European perspective    
Hearn, Jeff, Oleksy, Elzbieta H. and Kazik, J. (2003) Newspaper representations of men, masculinities and men's practices: a European perspective. In: Men in the Global World. Integrating Post-Socialist Perspectives. Kikimora Publishers, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 191-200. ISBN 952-10-1308-7
           Men: power, challenges of power and the 'big picture' of globalism    
Hearn, Jeff (2003) Men: power, challenges of power and the 'big picture' of globalism. In: Men in the Global World. Integrating Post-Socialist Perspectives. Kikimora Publishers, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 45-74. ISBN 952-10-1308-7
           Nation, state and welfare: the cases of Finland and the UK    
Hearn, Jeff (2002) Nation, state and welfare: the cases of Finland and the UK. In: A man's world?: changing men's practices in a globalized world. Zed Books, London, UK, pp. 85-102. ISBN 9781856499125
           Sexual harassment and higher education    
Hearn, Jeff and Hagman, N. (1999) Sexual harassment and higher education. In: Hard Work in the Academy: Research and Interventions on Gender Inequalities in Higher Education. Helsinki University Press, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 214-218. ISBN 9789515704566
           Men, masculinities, managements and gender equality in UK universities    
Hearn, Jeff (1999) Men, masculinities, managements and gender equality in UK universities. In: Hard Work in the Academy: Research and Interventions on Gender Inequalities in Higher Education. Helsinki University Press, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 167-176. ISBN 9789515704566
           Introduction    
Hearn, Jeff, Fogelberg, P., Husu, L. and Mankkinen, T. (1999) Introduction. In: Hard Work in the Academy: Research and Interventions on Gender Inequalities in Higher Education. Helsinki University Press, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 11-18. ISBN 9789515704566
           Men’s violence to known women: a subject for critical study    
Hearn, Jeff (1999) Men’s violence to known women: a subject for critical study. In: Men and Change. Tampere University Press, Tampere, Finland, pp. 237-265. ISBN 9789514446566
           Managers talk about gender: what managers in large transnational corporations say about gender policies, structures and practices    
Hearn, Jeff, Piekkari, Rebecca and Jyrkinen, Marjut (2009) Managers talk about gender: what managers in large transnational corporations say about gender policies, structures and practices. Project Report. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland. (Unpublished)
           Hard work in the academy: research and interventions on gender inequalities in higher education    
Hearn, Jeff, Fogelberg, P., Husu, L. and Mankkinen, T. (1999) Hard work in the academy: research and interventions on gender inequalities in higher education. Helsinki University Press, Helsinki, Finland. ISBN 9789515704566
           Research on women's leadership in Finland - a historical perspective    
Lamsa, Anna-Maija, Vanhala, Sinikka, Kontoniemi, Nea, Hillos, Minna and Hearn, Jeff (2007) Research on women's leadership in Finland - a historical perspective. Finnish Journal of Business Economics (3). pp. 294-321. ISSN 0024-3469
           Is there a "men's movement" in Finland?: the state of men's gender-conscious organising    
Hearn, Jeff and Niemi, Hertta (2006) Is there a "men's movement" in Finland?: the state of men's gender-conscious organising. Norma - Nordic Journal of Masculinity Studies, 1 (1). pp. 62-81. ISSN 1890-2138
           Finland: gender dominance, gender equality and gender-neutrality    
Hearn, Jeff, Lattu, Emmi, Tallberg, Teemu and Niemi, Hertta (2006) Finland: gender dominance, gender equality and gender-neutrality. In: Men and Masculinities in Europe. Whiting & Birch, pp. 75-104. ISBN 978 1 861770 42 4
           Men and gender equality policy    
Hearn, Jeff (2006) Men and gender equality policy. In: An expert conference on gender equality under Finland's EU Presidency, 5 - 6 October 2006, Finland. (Unpublished)
          Capital humano: los retos del mundo… y Colombia   

De acuerdo con el Informe de Capital Humano del Foro Económico Mundial, “la dotación de capital humano de una nación (el conocimiento y las destrezas de los individuos que les permite crear valor económico) puede ser el factor determinante más importante del éxito de largo plazo, por encima de cualquier otro recurso”.* El capital humano no sólo está referido a la economía sino al funcionamiento de las instituciones políticas, sociales y civiles en una sociedad.

Sin embargo, tanto desde el punto de vista del individuo como de la sociedad en su conjunto, el capital humano requiere ser invertido de manera inteligente para que pueda generar los rendimientos óptimos. Tres componentes de la estructura social y económica deben estar articulados para que la inversión del capital humano genere retornos altos: el sistema educativo, el mercado laboral y la dinámica de la fuerza de trabajo.

En la práctica, en muchos países, incluido Colombia, existen enormes disparidades entre estos elementos. Puede ocurrir, por ejemplo, que una economía determinada demanda un número importante de ingenieros que el respectivo sistema educativo no genera; o, al contrario, es frecuente, también, que individuos sobrecalificados no tengan opciones de trabajos calificados (el ejemplo de un ingeniero conduciendo un taxi).

Para comenzar, según el FEM, coexisten, por una parte, el surgimiento de nuevas ocupaciones asociadas a la revolución tecnológica digital y de las comunicaciones, y la llamada Cuarta Revolución Industrial (incluyendo la robótica), con situaciones alarmantes de analfabetismo, por otra: 90 millones de niños en el mundo carecen de la oportunidad de acceso a la escuela primaria; 150 millones de jóvenes no pueden ingresar a la secundaria y a centenares de millones les es imposible cursar una carrera en la educación superior. Simultáneamente, el Foro calcula que habrá una escasez de oferta de 50 millones de empleados de alta calificación en la próxima década.
 
El FEM utiliza el Índice de Capital Humano para realizar comparaciones entre países (130 en 2016). El indicador busca medir los resultados del aprendizaje y del empleo para distintos grupos de edad, en una escala que va de 0 (peor) a 100 (mejor).

De acuerdo con el informe del FEM de 2016, el pais que mejor desarrolla y aplica su capital humano en el mundo es Finlandia (Tabla 1).

¿Cómo está Colombia? Entre 130 naciones analizadas, Colombia se ubica en un rango medio (puesto 64), cerca de Chile y Argentina (puestos 51 y 56) y de México (65).  Según el FEM: “Colombia se desempeña mejor en el terreno de los logros educativos y la matrícula vocacional y terciaria en el grupo de edad de 15 a 24 años". Sin embargo, (Colombia) muestra un desequilibrio alto de destrezas en la medida en que uno de cada tres individuos entre 15 y 24 años se considera sobre-calificado para su trabajo”.*

Tabla 1: Capital Humano: Top 10

                                                                             Fuente: Informe de Capital Humano, F.E.M., Julio 2016-07-28
                                                                             http://www3.weforum.org/docs/HCR2016_Main_Report.pdf

En términos globales, el Foro concluye que aproximadamente el 35% del potencial del capital humano es desaprovechado, bien por fallas en el aprendizaje, en el empleo o en ambos. Muchos de los sistemas educativos están desconectados de las necesidades de empleo. Desempleo, subempleo, son algunas de las características que afectan a individuos “que han hecho la tarea” de recorrer las distintas escalas del sistema educativo.

Uno de los retos más importantes radica en comprender que no bastan las destrezas de tipo cognitivo para satisfacer los requisitos de los mercados laborales: las no cognitivas juegan un papel cada vez más importante. Se trata de aqullas asociadas a la capacidad de trabajo en equipo, innovación, toma rápida de decisiones.

*The Human Capital Report 2016, World Economic Forum, July 2016.


          OBSERVATIONS, SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON “SOME INPUTS FOR DRAFT NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2016”*   
OBSERVATIONS, SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON “SOME INPUTS FOR
 DRAFT NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2016”*

By Niranjanaradhya.V.P., Ph.D-Education Fellow and Programme Head
Universalisation of Equitable Quality Education Programme 
Centre for Child and the Law 
National Law School of India University 
Nagarbhavi,Bengaluru-560 242


 The Government of India has initiated the process of formulating a New National Education Policy. Initially, discussions were held at the Panchayat, block/cluster, district and state levels on the proposed New Education Policy by the Centre. However, these discussions were all stereotypical based on superficial questions that did not address the core and systemic issues in the education system. A lapse was seen throughout the process in effectively following a bottom-up approach and constructively collecting the public opinion by restricting the discussions to defined thematics. Subsequently, a committee under the able chairmanship of Mr. T.S.R. Subramaniam was constituted to come up with its recommendations and formulate a draft policy on education. Again, the Government of India lapsed in the democratic process by not sharing the report of the T.S.R.Subramaniam Committee in the public domain. Instead, the Ministry of Human Resources Development has released a document titled “Some Inputs for Draft National Education Policy 2016” and has sought observations, suggestions and recommendations from the public on the same latest by 31st July, 2016. 

In this background, the Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University, which has been continuously working for universalisation of equitable quality school education for all children up to 18 years of age for the past two decades, has come up with the following observations regarding the document released by the Ministry.

ABOUT THE DOCUMENT “SOME INPUTS FOR DRAFT NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2016” The inputs given by the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India clearly indicate that the Government accepts that complete revamping of the existing education system is the need of the hour. While this is a much needed step, the direction in which this revamping process is to proceed and what should be the basis of the newly built system of education has been completely misplaced. The inputs not only aim to but also * By Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University – Drafted by Ms. Krithika. B. S., Ms. Shruthi Raman, Research Assistants, Centre for Child and the Law, NLSIU under the guidance of Dr. Niranjanaradhya. V. P., Fellow and Programme Head, Universalisation of Equitable Quality Education Programme, Centre for Child and the Law, NLSIU. confine the entire educational goal to the development of human resource and the holistic approach to education is not made. Though there exist certain major flaws in the inputs, few measures like the implementation of ICT, revamping of teacher education, making teacher education accountable for the quality of education, inclusive education etc., are to be acclaimed. However, in the fervour to build a modernised education system accessible to all, the Ministry has unfortunately favoured privatisation, commercialisation and commodification of education to a large extent. Education as a fundamental right of all is not emphasised upon. Instead education is made a privilege by handing over the onus to private sector. The proposed inputs also deviate from the recommendations of the Education Commission of building a National Education System based on the principle of Neighbourhood School which was later reiterated in the previous National Education Policies of 1968 and 1986/92 and further re-emphasised in the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Neither the international commitment nor the Indian Constitutional values are seen to be adhered to in the present provisions given in the form of inputs. Hence, much needs to be changed in essence with respect to the current inputs and the proposed provisions of the National Education Policy. In this direction, the Centre for Child and the Law, would like to put forth the following observations and recommendations with respect to the Ministry‟s document “Some Inputs for Draft National Education Policy 2016”.
    
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS CHAPTER 1 - PREAMBLE Preamble is the introductory part of a document which explains the purpose and the underlying philosophy of the document. When it comes to an Educational Policy, the preamble to the policy should ideally state the essence of education by explaining what is education and why education is of significance with a holistic view. Later a brief account of the previous efforts made in the direction of building an education system by the Government and the challenges faced in implementing them and the gaps in those efforts which lead to the need for formulating a new policy are to be provided. The present document gravely falls short in this aspect. The Preamble to the document while gives a very good account of the past efforts of the Government in building a strong education system in the country, misleads that the present education is almost close to perfect with not much issues and problems. One may say that the issues and challenges in the current education system are dealt with in a separate chapter altogether and hence, an account of the same has been provided. Though this might be said to be true, the Preamble lacks the explanation as to what necessitated the formulation of a new education policy to replace the already existing policy, which is the very purpose of writing a preamble. All the more, the Preamble nowhere makes even a mention of the essence of education, its meaning and necessity. The need to build a system of education based on egalitarian values and in conformation to the Constitutional values is not given due importance. Instead, the Preamble misplaces facts by depicting that education has throughout been equally accessible to all strata of the society. Since the ancient era, education in India has been the privilege of elite classes, which is why the demand for a fundamental right to education for all was made an important component of freedom struggle. It is saddening that even to this day, the struggle continues as education has still not become a right of the masses in reality. In the words of Mr. J. P. Naik, “Children and youth learnt by living and participating in the activities of the home and society. It was not education for living but education through living; and there was no difference between the process of socialization and education. Gradually, as quantum of available knowledge and the need for specialized skills began to grow, some persons began to specialize. This led to apprenticeship and later on to some regular forms of non-formal education. Even today, this is the only form of education received by numerous children who never enter schools.” [Naik, JP, „Some perspectives on non-formal education‟ (Allied publishers, New Delhi, 1977) at pg 6] Issues like stratification of education system, privatisation, commercialisation and commodification of education hamper the very notion of education being a social good. Instead education is perceived as a profit-making business. Hence, to understand education in its true essence and build a system of education based on Constitutional principles to achieve the formation of an egalitarian society is exceedingly significant. This needs to be effectively reflected in the Preamble of the National Education Policy as the Preamble forms the foundation for the implementation of any policy or legislation.

CHAPTER 2 – KEY CHALLENGES IN EDUCATION SECTOR While the chapter recognises considerable number of challenges in the present education sector, few aspects seem to be either misplaced or missed out. The observations in this regard include the following: The issue of access and participation in education system does not give an account of the inequalities and discriminatory practices leading to reduced access to education system by the masses. Education still remains a privilege and has not yet become the right of the masses. While reduced GER is one aspect of the issue, retention of students is another major challenge. The document fails to identify this issue. The document assumes the existence of a full-equipped pre-school education system provided by government and wrongly states that it is not helping students to be ready for formal schooling. The Anganawadi Centres are centres of care and cannot be considered as a pre-school. The document fails to account for the failure of the Government in raising the standards of all the Government schools to that of the Schools run by the Central Government like that of Kendriya Vidyalayas etc. Various researches assert the fact that the Central Government run Schools in India are among the best educational institutions. Though the document recognises commercialisation as a major challenge persisting in the present education system, it has ignored that increasing privatisation in the sector is adversely affecting the quality of education. The document not only ignores but to a certain extent favours privatisation of education to a certain extent. The recognition of privatisation of education sector as a dangerous development and one of the key challenges is very crucial. Effort to identify and discuss the causes leading to the failure of Government flagship programmes like Operation Blackboard, SSA etc., in achieving universalisation of quality education is not made. It is imperative to identify these ensuing challenges and deal with the same. While the failure to allot the recommended budget to educational sector is recognised, the reasons behind the same are not identified and discussed. It is pertinent to recognise these challenges and make efforts to allot the necessary budget for education. In the process of recognising the failure in the fulfilment of the global commitments with respect to education, the target of universalisation of quality education is pushed further to 2030 much to the transgression of the initial Constitutional mandate of 1960 and the subsequent national as well as global commitments.

CHAPTER 3 – VISION, MISSION, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Vision A clear cut vision is essential for the effective implementation of any policy document. The vision of the proposed National Education Policy confines education for the development of human resources and the holistic approach is mislaid. Thus, following suggestions are made: The Vision of the National Education Policy should be drawn from the core values of the Constitution of India. The Vision should be in consonance with Article 39 of the Constitution which emphasises upon the healthy development of children and their protection from exploitation. Education is the ideal way of ensuring holistic and healthy development of children under the conditions of freedom and dignity. The Vision should be in the lines of building a national education system based on the Common School System and the neighbourhood school principle as recommended by the Education Commission (1964 – 1966) and reiterated by the earlier educational policies to build an egalitarian society based on the core values enshrined in the Constitution of India and the Preamble. The vision should be such as to ensure inclusive quality education and lifelong learning to all and not limit to ensuring opportunities for the same. Mission The mission of the Policy, just like the vision, lays emphasis on acquisition of skills for improvement in employability by completely ignoring the holistic approach and the broader implications of education. It is of much significance that the mission of the National Education Policy should be to achieve the broader goals of education of building an egalitarian society based on the core principles of the Constitution. In this bearing, the Mission of the National Education Policy should be directed towards: Achieving the larger purpose of education as connoted by the UN in its 1966 report submitted under the chairmanship of Mr. Jacques Delors. According to the United Nations, the following four pillars of learning are the fundamental principles for reshaping education: i. Learning to know: to provide the cognitive tools required to better comprehend the world and its complexities, and to provide an appropriate and adequate foundation for future learning. ii. Learning to do: to provide the skills that would enable individuals to effectively participate in the global economy and society. iii. Learning to be: to provide self-analytical and social skills to enable individuals to develop to their fullest potential psycho-socially, affectively (emotionally) as well as physically, for an all-round complete person. iv. Learning to live together: to expose individuals to the values implicit within human rights, democratic principles, inter-cultural understanding and respect and peace at all levels of society and human relationships to enable individuals and societies to live in peace and harmony. Fulfilling the international commitments of India with regard to the Sustainable Development Goals, Education for All etc., and paving way for global citizenships. Building an education system that is beyond the mere development of human resources for the gain of financial benefits. Goals and Objectives The goals and objectives are set based on the vision and mission of the Policy. Just like the Vision and Mission of the National Education Policy should focus upon the holistic development of individuals, the objectives of the Policy should also be set in this direction. Accordingly, following recommendations are being put forth: The overall goal of education should be to achieve holistic development of individuals and should not be confined to the improvement of employability. Learning has to be seen as a process as opposed to defining minimum levels of learning in the form of learning outcomes. Pre-school education is to be seen as a continuum of early childhood care and education. Emphasis is to be laid on early childhood education based on the mandate of the Constitution of India under Article 45 and in lieu with the ECCE Policy, 2013. Non-formal learning modalities are to be a mere support system to the formal education and should not be a parallel system of education. It is an unhealthy practice to engage in non-formal learning by totally discounting the formal education system. Thus, cessation of the non-formal education system is to be carried out and the provision of non-formal learning to enable the avoiding of formal education is to be discouraged.

CHAPTER 4 – POLICY FRAMEWORK Pre-School Education While the prioritisation of pre-school education is a welcome measure, the reduction of age to 4 to 5 years is a contested provision. As envisaged by the ECCE Policy, 2013, the first six years of life are fundamental to the development of an individual and early childhood care and education encompasses the inseparable elements of care, health, nutrition, play and early learning within a protective and enabling environment. 0 to 6 years needs to be seen in a continuum. As recommended in the 259th Law Commission Report, with a view to prepare children above the age of three years for elementary education and to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years, it is necessary to mandate the provision of free pre-school education to all children in the age group of 3 to 6 years. The pre-school education is to be integrated with the primary education and the component of care, nutrition and protection as provided by Anganawadi Centres. For this, these centres are to be located within the school premises. The option of situating them near schools should not be given. The Anganawadi Centres are to be converted into community crèches to assist the working parents in lines with the recommendations of the 259th Law Commission Report which provides that “every child under six should have an unconditional right to crèche and day care, which is provided, regulated and operated by the State”. (Point 6.19) The components of pre-school education should be in accordance with the Early Childhood Care and Education Policy, 2013 and pre-school education shall be managed in coordination with the Ministry of Women and Child Development. A time period is to be specified for the transition from Anganawadis to pre-primary school. Providing the discretion of determining the same by the State Governments will lead to confusion and ultimately result in ineffective implementation. Protection of Rights of the Child and Adolescent Education Protection of Rights of the Child A Child Protection Policy shall be formulated by all schools based on the framework and guidelines for ensuring school safety and the same is to be implemented by all schools. This shall be made a mandate for recognition and registration of schools. If subsequently any norms are flouted, stringent action shall be taken against the school authorities. A Child Rights and Security Cell is to be constituted in each school to deal with the issues within the school pertaining to protection and other rights of the children. Such Cells are also to be constituted at the District level as subsequent level. Rules and provisions relating to these Cells shall be determined. The awareness of Child Rights related laws, Acts, Rules, Regulations, etc., should be made a component in the teacher education curriculum to enable teachers to gain knowledge regarding the same in an effective manner. Adolescent Education The classification between children and adolescents is highly inappropriate and in violation to the principles of UNCRC which defines, everyone below the age of 18 years as a child. The classification corroborates the latest amendment to the CLPR Act which is facing wide-spread staunch criticism from the public. 0 to 18 years is to be seen in a continuum and the entire period is childhood as elucidated by the UNCRC. Learning Outcomes in School Education The provision for “alternate schools” is strongly contested. The concept of alternate schools not only leads to increased discrimination but is in violation of the fundamental right of all children to quality education. Instead mainstreaming of migrant children and other out of school children through additional training is to be carried out. The “No Detention Policy” is to be extended up to X standard. In other words, provision is to be made so that no child can be detained in the same class until he/she reaches X standard. The rationale behind such a provision is best explained in the document “Clarification of Provisions of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act” which states as follows: “The ‘no detention’ provision is made because examinations are often used for eliminating children who obtain poor marks. Once declared ‘fail’, children either repeat grade or leave the school altogether. Compelling a child to repeat a class is demotivating and discouraging. Repeating a class does not give the child any special resources to deal with the same syllabus requirements for yet another year. Parents and friends of such children also tend to view them as being ‘fit for failure’, thereby reinforcing the perception which the school has already used for declaring a child ‘fail’. The ‘no detention’ provision in the RTE Act does not imply abandoning procedures that assess children’s learning. The RTE Act provides for putting in place a continuous and comprehensive evaluation procedure – a procedure that will be non-threatening, releases the child from fear and trauma of failure and enables the teacher to pay individual attention to the child’s learning and performance. Such a system has the best potential to improve quality, rather than punishment, fear of failure and detention. Consistent with the arguments provided under section 13 that each child has the same potential for learning, a ‘slow’, ‘weak’ learner or a ‘failed’ child is not because of any inherent drawback in the child, but most often the inadequacy of the learning environment and the delivery system to help the child, realise his/her potential, meaning thereby that the failure is of the system, rather than of the child. This requires addressing the improvement of the quality of the system rather than punishing the child through detention. There is no study of research that suggests that the quality of the learning of the child improves if the child is failed. In fact, more often than not the child abandons school/ learning altogether.” Hence, the amendment to the RTE Act should be in the direction of extending the “No Detention Policy” up to X standard. Learning is a continuous process and connoting education to achieve desired outcomes by defining minimum levels of learning in the form of learning outcomes is in contradiction of the very notion of education. As time and again emphasised by the UNCRC and other international and national documents, education and learning are directed towards the development of an individual's personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential. Thus, confining education to achievement of defined learning outcomes is pitiful. School Education By making provision for merger of schools, the proposed inputs support the closure of Government schools thereby paving way for privatisation. Instead of taking a drastic step of shutting down government schools for lack of facilities, measures are to be taken for attending to the fundamental issue of infrastructure and provision of funds allotment and necessary support is to be made to improve infrastructure and other facilities in these schools. It is strongly recommended that the Policy should in no way legitimise the closure of Government schools. The amendment of RTE Act to extend Clause 12(1)(c) to government-aided minority institutions is a welcome measure. While the amendment of RTE Act to extend up to secondary education is a desired modification, it seems to be premature at this point of time owing to the poor implementation of the existing RTE Act. Thus, it is necessary to identify and address the relevant issues and cautiously implement the same. However, to make education up to secondary level a fundamental right and the mandate of the State is much needed. Proper definition of the term appropriate age in the provision to amend RTE Act to cover secondary education is to be given. Open schooling facilities to provide for non-formal education is extremely contested. Such a provision tends to increase child labour wherein more and more children get engaged in labour as they have the option of obtaining non-formal education without having to attend full-time formal schools. This defeats the very notion of universal education to all and violates the fundamental right to education of children. The provision also infringes the Constitutional values and principles of protecting children from exploitation and ensuring their overall development under the conditions of freedom and dignity. Curriculum Renewal and Examination Reforms Curriculum should be so as to achieve holistic development of children and not to attain skills and knowledge for employment. The curriculum should be designed in conformation to the National Curriculum Framework, 2005. More emphasis needs to be given to sports and games, physical education and development of life skills and moral and ethical values. The assessment of students needs to be made based on their overall development and not based on only their academic achievements. Inclusive Education and Student Support Equity and inclusiveness should be based on constitutional values. Issues like providing equal access, subsiding OoSC and improving retention cannot be achieved until the standards of government schools are improved by providing the necessary facilities. For this, the required funds are to be allotted in time. The Policy should not confine itself to quantifying the measures. Quantification of supportive measures like that provided in the document (National Fellowship Fund for 10 lakh students) can be set as a short-term goal but those are not to be made a part of the Policy document. Inclusion of children in the formal education system is to be realised in such a way that these children are not subjected to labelling either in the schools or in the society. Precautions should be taken in these directions. Skills in Education and Employability Confining education to be a mere means of securing employment is the most disastrous connotation that can be made. While employment can be said to be one of the fruits of education, it cannot be made the one and only objective. The purpose of education is to attain self-development in a holistic manner. As emphasised by the UNCRC and other international documents, education should be directed towards the development of an individual's personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential along with the preparation of the individual for a responsible life in a free society, in the spirit of understanding, peace, tolerance, equality of sexes, and friendship among all people, ethnic, national and religious groups and persons of indigenous origin with utmost respect to human rights and fundamental freedoms. As stated in the document Education for International Understanding, Peace, Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, General Recommendation, adopted on 19 November 1974 by the UNESCO General Conference, “The word „education‟ implies the entire process of social life by means of which individuals and social groups learn to develop consciously within, and for the benefit of the national and international communities, the whole of their personal capacities, attitudes, aptitudes and knowledge. The process is not limited to any specific activity.” The National Education Policy should be formulated in consonance with these principles and lay emphasis on attainment of life skills, moral and ethical values along with vocational skills in order to facilitate the overall development of the individual. Use of ICT in Education Use of ICT in education as a supportive tool for aiding and assisting teachers is a progressive measure and is supported. However, it cannot be taken as the only means for providing education and ICT alone is not the solution to all problems. Teacher Development and Management Measures like attractive salaries and benefits are to be implemented to attract the meritorious populace to the teaching profession in lieu with the system followed in Finland. Four-years integrated Teacher Education Programmes based on the Delhi model are to be developed and conducted all over the nation. Child rights and child development related concepts and the related laws and policies are to be made a component of the teacher education curriculum to enable teachers to gain knowledge regarding the same in an effective manner. More and more educational experts are to be inducted in institutes like SCERT, DSERT, DIET etc. The teacher education and training programmes are to be oriented in the direction as to achieve the goals of an ideal education system. Teacher Education Programme is to be made accountable for the success of the education system. Language and Culture in Education Mother-tongue is to be made the medium of education for primary school as reiterated by UNESCO time and again. Educationally, the child learns more quickly through it than through an unfamiliar linguistic medium. (International Opinion on Language Issues by Dr. Joga Singh, 2013) A child‟s mother tongue provides facilities for the acquisition of early cognitive skills and provides a foundation for learning. The mother tongue is the first language of the child that helps him/her formulate thoughts and give direction to action. (Amy Tsui & J. W. Tollefson, Language Policy and the Construction of National Cultural Identity Language Policy, Culture, and Identity in Asian Contexts, 2007) Learning the mother tongue properly enhances learning of other languages. Studies have shown that reading and writing in the mother tongue is beneficial to the student in acquiring other subjects and there is no bar on acquiring another language by the same student. ("Techniques for functional literacy in indigenous languages and the national language” by Sarah. C., 1967) In the modern world, education is not always in the mother tongue and this is claimed to be detrimental to the cognitive abilities of a child by various researches as this amounts to an imposition of an alien language whilst subverting the naturally acquired language. (Mother Tongue and the Right to Choose the Medium of Instruction in Primary Education: A Constitutional Basis by Suprotik Das) As opposed to the three-language formula, multi-lingual education shall be introduced by removing the barriers between different languages. NOTE – Refer Chapter 9 of the Annexure for further information on mother tongue as medium of education and multi-lingual education and the proposed policy provisions. Self-Development through Comprehensive Education Emphasis on co-scholastic activities in school education is a much desired provision. However, in this notion, encouraging public-private partnerships is strongly objected to. Co-scholastic activities are to be made part of the curriculum and should be directed towards the holistic development of children as opposed to a means of maintaining good health. School Assessment and Governance More responsibilities and powers are to be given to the School Management Committees in ensuring good quality education in the school and overseeing availability and efficient maintenance of all facilities in the school. School Management Committees should be extended to Private Schools also (both aided and unaided). Training on right to education, child rights and related topics are to be provided not only to the elected members of the SMCs but to the parents of all children studying in the school. The funds for the school are to be allocated on the basis of the School Development Plan as mandated in the RTE Act. At present however, the School Development Plan is being designed based on the funds allocated. This practice needs to be discontinued immediately. Additional school grants are to be allocated to the SMCs in order to promote more decentralised decisions with respect to finance pertaining to the school and enable intime fulfilment of needs. Financing Education The measure to allot at least 6% of GDP to education is a progressive step. However, the 6% of GDP measure was as calculated in the late 1960s and recommended by the Education Commission (1964 – 1966). This measure does not hold good for the current period. Hence, this needs to be reviewed and the allocation of funds for education needs to be drastically increased and should be way more than 6% of GDP. Inviting private sectors to invest in education leads to more and more privatisation of education. Education is the responsibility of the State and should be state-funded. It is essential that the Policy refrains from legitimising privatisation of education. Private funding of educational institutions adversely affects their accessibility. CHAPTER 5 – IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING Community participation in education is to be emphasised upon. More emphasis needs to be laid on the coordination and convergence of various Government departments for the effective implementation of child rights within a human rights-based framework.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Privatisation, commercialisation and commodification of education is to be strictly forbidden through the National Education Policy. The Policy should provide for building a national education system based on the common school system and neighbourhood school principle. Inappropriate language like referring students as products of education, using terms like handling of cases of children with disabilities are to be avoided in the Policy document. Children are to be treated with dignity. The National Policy of Education is to provide for a system of education within a human rights based framework that enables the overall development of individuals.

CONCLUSION The National Education Policy is the fundamental document that forms the founding stone of the education system of the country. Therefore, it is of extreme significance that the Policy is based on constitutional values and aimed at building an egalitarian society within the framework of fundamental human rights. It is with this perception that the Centre for Child and the Law, National Law School of India University has put forth the above suggestions and recommendations in relation to the Policy. Also, the Centre has come up with a draft referral policy document on school education which is hereby annexed to this document. We hope that the MHRD takes into consideration the holistic development of the child and not just promote development of skills and vocations aiming to increase the GDP of the nation. We have not come to a situation where we need to increase our economic status by making our children work and by stealing their childhood. Let us be that society and Government who realise and cherish children and their childhoods in our country.

          Two Postdoctoral Scientists: AALTO UNIVERSITY   
€Attractive: AALTO UNIVERSITY
For more latest jobs and jobs in Finland visit brightrecruits.com
          A comical fail involving a camouflage net   
Footage, filmed in Finland, of a man attempting to take down a camouflage net from a tree only for it to snap and send him flying.
          UN DIA... 26 DE JUNIO   
-1821
Nace en Buenos Aires el poeta, historiador, político, militar, periodista y traductor Bartolomé Mitre, primer mentor de la leyenda de Santos vega; autor de "Las ruinas de Tiahuanaco" y de dos valiosas historias sobre Belgrano y San Martín y traductor de la "Comedia del Dante".

Falleció en Buenos Aires el 19 de enero de 1906.
-1896
Nace en Tucumán el escritor, ensayista y periodista Pablo Rojas Paz, autor de "La metáfora y el mundo", "El patio de la noche" y "Los cocheros de San Blas". Fundó con Jorge Luis Borges y otros la revista "Proa". Falleció en Buenos Aires el 1º de octubre de 1956.
-1958
Día de la Cartografía
Se conmemora por la creación del Departamento Topográfico, decretada por don Bernardino Rivadavia, en ejercicio de la Primera Magistratura, el 26 de junio de 1826. Esta medida de gobierno tuvo la virtud de impulsar el desarrollo de la cartografía, disciplina de innegable gravitación en el desenvolvimiento cultural, económico y social del país.
-1970
Muere en Buenos Aires el notable poeta, novelista y autor teatral Leopoldo Marechal. Su novela "Adán Buenosayres" es una verdadera renovadora del género. En ella retrata algunos personajes de la Generación de Martín Fierro. Nació en Buenos Aires el 11 de junio de 1900.
-1987
Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas
-1997
Día Internacional de las Naciones Unidas en Apoyo de las Víctimas de la Tortura


Efemérides Culturales Argentinas.
..........................................................
UN 26 DE JUNIO COMO HOY

En 1970 murió: Leopoldo Marechal

En 1963 nació: Marisa Otero ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1962 nació: Néstor Rolán ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1954 nació: Ricardo "Chiqui" Pereyra ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1948 murió: Atilano Ortega Sanz

En 1948 nació: Adrián Pucci ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1942 nació: Leslie Muñiz ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1935 murió: Ángel Domingo Riverol

En 1925 murió: Ernesto Drangosch

En 1923 nació: Juanca Tavera

En 1919 nació: Jaime Tursky

En 1913 nació: Abel Aznar

En 1909 nació: Samuel Aguayo

En 1897 murió: Pablo José Vázquez

En 1897 nació: Juan Pablo Navarro 

En 1890 nació: Francisco Elías

En 1887 nació: Juan Carlos Bazán



Efemérides de TODOTANGO.

.................................................... 
26 DE JUNIO

1933 - Nace en Buenos Aires, José Rafael “Chacho” Arancibia, cantor, autor, compositor. Pasó su niñez en Salta. Supo integrar los conjuntos Los Chilicotes y Los Abajeños. Autor de “Romance del guerrillero”, “Serenata montonera” con Sergio Villar y “Zamba de la bandera” con Quiroga Mora, entre más de 90 temas registrados.

1970 - Muere en Buenos Aires el notable poeta, novelista y autor teatral Leopoldo Marechal. Su novela "Adán Buenosayres" es una verdadera renovadora del género. En ella retrata algunos personajes de la Generación de Martín Fierro. Nació en Buenos Aires el 11 de junio de 1900.

2009 - Muere en Buenos Aires, Eduardo Lagos, músico, pianista, oftalmólogo. En 1947 debutó como pianista en Cantos y Leyendas y en Los Nocheros por 1953. Grabó el LP “Así nos gusta” en Trova, con los temas “La oncena” (letra de Goñi), “La bacha”, “Cuando los gauchos vienen bailando”, entre otros. Tenía 80 años.

26 de Junio: Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas.

26 de Junio: Día de la Cartografía.



- Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas.
- Día de la Cartografía (en Argentina).
- de San Juan y San Pablo, mártires.
1483 – Ricardo III usurpa el trono de Inglaterra.
1508 – El Cardenal Cisneros inaugura la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares.
1541 – es asesinado Francisco Pizarro, conquistador de Perú, en su Casa de Gobierno de Lima.
1810 – Muere Joseph M. Montgolfier, inventor del globo aerostático.
1819 – nace Abner Doubleday, considerado uno de los creadores del Baseball americano.
1821 – nace Bartolomé Mitre, militar, historiador, periodista y arqueólogo argentino.
1822 – el Gral. José de San Martín se encuentra el Guayaquil con el Gral. Simón Bolivar.
1826 – se crea el Departamento Cartográfico en Argentina.
1870 – Nace Ignacio Zuloaga, pintor español.
1880 – Nace Douglas Mac Arthur, militar estadounidense.
1884 – el Congreso Nacional sanciona la ley de Educación Común que implantó la enseñanza laica, gratuita y obligatoria en Argentina.
1896 – nace el escritor, ensayista y periodista argentino Pablo Rojas Paz. 1904 – se juega el primer partido de fútbol ante un equipo inglés: Alumni recibe al Southampton. 1908 – Nace Salvador Allende, político chileno. 1910 – estalla una bomba en una función de gala del Teatro Colón de Buenos Aires. 1917 – Primera Guerra mundial: desembarcan las primeras fuerzas estadounidenses en Saint Nazaire (Francia).
1919 – sale la primera edición del “New York Daily News”.
1922 – nace Eleanor Parke, actriz.
1941 – Segunda Guerra mundial: Finlandia declara la guerra a la URSS.
1942 – Nace Gilberto Gil, músico brasileño.
1945 – Los representantes de 50 países suscriben la Carta de San Francisco, por la que se constituye la ONU para el mantenimiento de la paz internacional.
1956 – detienen en México a Fidel Castro, junto con otros 20 presuntos miembros del Movimiento 26 de Julio.
1959 – Cuba rompe relaciones diplomáticas con la República Dominicana.
1959 – la reina Victoria y el presidente estadounidense Eisenhower inauguran la gran vía fluvial del San Lorenzo que da salida al mar a los Grandes Lagos.
1960 – Independencia de Somalia y de Madagascar.
1961 – Fracasa un levantamiento militar en Venezuela.
1964 – nace Zeng Jinlian Hunan, quien se convertirá en la mujer más alta del mundo China, con 2.46 metros de altura.
1964 – los Beatles lanzan el disco “A Hard Day’s Night”.
1968 – los EEUU devuelven a Japón las islas de Iwo Jima y Bonin.
1968 – nace Paolo Maldini, futbolista italiano.
1969 – San Salvador rompe sus relaciones diplomáticas con Honduras, a causa del hostigamiento a los salvadoreños residentes en este país tras la pérdida de un partido de fútbol por 3-0.
1970 – Alexander Dubcek es expulsado del Partido Comunista de Checoslovaquia.
1970 – Muere Leopoldo Marechal, escritor argentino.
1974 – Elizabeth Taylor se divorcia por quinta vez (se separa de Richard Burton).
1974 – El general Augusto Pinochet asume los poderes presidenciales en Chile, nueve meses después de que las fuerzas armadas derrocaran al Gobierno de Allende.
1975 – El presidente colombiano López Michelsen decreta el Estado de sitio en el país.
1975 – la primer ministro de la India Indira Gandhi declara el Estado de Emergencia.
1978 – los británicos separatistas bombardean el Palacio de Versailles, en Francia.
1984 – Barbra Striesand graba “Here We Are at Last”.
1985 – Se estrena la película “Je vous salue, Marie” del director de cine vanguardista Jean Luc Godard.
1987 – El poeta y ensayista peruano Octavio Paz obtiene el primer Premio Internacional Menéndez Pelayo.
1989 – Melanie Griffith y Don Johnson contraen matrimonio por segunda vez.
1990 – se crea en Buenos Aires la Universidad Maimónides.
1992 – Dinamarca gana la Eurocopa Suecia ’92 de fútbol, al derrotar a Alemania por 2-0.
1993 – Estados Unidos ataca Bagad con misiles por un intento de asesinato a George Bush.
1993 – La oposición triunfa en las elecciones legislativas en Marruecos.
1995 – Alemania decide enviar tropas a Bosnia rompiendo un tabú de 50 años.
1996 – La UE aprueba un nuevo convenio de extradición.
1998 – Un 40% de los españoles frente a un 38% considera que el entrenador Javier Clemente no debe dimitir a pesar del fracaso en el Mundial de fútbol.
1999 – El líder de la resistencia de Timor Oriental y Premio Nobel de la Paz 1996, José Ramos Horta, regresa a Yakarta por primera vez desde que en 1975 Indonesia ocupó la ex colonia portuguesa.
1999 – La UE, Mercosur y Chile consensúan en la Cumbre de Rio de Janeiro una declaración que sienta las bases para crear una zona de libre comercio.
2002 – Trágica represión en el Puente Avellaneda de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, Darío Santillán y Maximiliano Kosteki son asesinados por la policía.
Periodismo.com
.................................

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          For sale - 1968 C 10 Chevrolet Truck Original Right Front... - Auction   
Denmark 6333, Australia
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          For sale - wagoneer / J10 / J20 / cherokee 4 wheel drive... - Auction   
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          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Geography Lesson   
Since I started blogging, the number of visitors to the site has grown dramatically and I thank all of you for stopping by. Our readership spans the entire globe with people coming from 30 countries on all major continents, everywhere from Finland and Russia to Qatar and South Korea. United States is leading the way in terms of visits but I am [...]
          Pene ridotte per i cubani in Finlandia   

Colpo di spugna nel caso dei cubani accusati di stupro in Finlandia, circa un anno fa.

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          The success of Finnish schools   
Smithsonian has a very interesting article about the educational system in Finland. Its schools are at the top of the world. Setting up a good educational system is not easy, it has to combine pedagogy, financing and politics. Nonetheless, the Finnish have done some great things that seem to work. They give the teachers the […]
          Instagram photo by Javaparty, 30 Jun 2017 at 3:03pm SGT, 39 likes, 0 comments   
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          Tampere Jazz Happening 1.-4.11.2012 - Festival of the Year!   

Tampere Jazz Happening 1.-4.11.2012

- Festival of the Year!

http://www.tamperemusicfestivals.fi/jazz http://www.facebook.com/tamperejazzhappening http://www.twitter.com/tamperejazz (#TreJazz2012)

FESTIVAL OF THE YEAR BEGINS

Newcomers take the spotlight on the first day

The first performances of Tampere Jazz Happening are on Thursday 1 November. The programme takes a head start when Rakka plays an acoustic set in the Main Library of Tampere at noon. Their actual showtime in Happening is at Telakka venue on Saturday 3 November at 10.30 pm.

The festival begins at Klubi on Thursday evening at 8.00 pm. The opening concert presents three acts selected by the 12 Points Festival for their European showcase tour. French free jazz quartet Actuum opens the evening followed by critics' favourite from the UK, WorldService Project, and is concluded by young Finnish talents Big Blue. The Thursday event is free of charge.

TICKET SALES IS GOING WELL

Tickets are being sold at the same pace as in previous years. Headlined by the John Scofield Trio, the Sunday concert is proving to be more successful than before. The master improviser returns to Tampere after 22 years.

The Old Customs House Hall hosts several international stars throughout the weekend. The Friday concert features the acclaimed Vijay Iyer Trio; the legendary saxophonist Peter Brötzmann takes the stage on Saturday.

Gypsy music pioneers Boban & Marko Marković Orchestra from Serbia and afrobeat veteran Ebo Taylor from Ghana storm the Klubi stage on Friday and Saturday nights respectively.

Finnish acts are also given their chances in the spotlight: the Saturday concert at Telakka, featuring Mopo, Rakka, and Fredator, will probably be sold out in advance.

HAPPENING ATTRACTS INTERNATIONAL GUESTS

In addition to the international roster of artists, the festival welcomes 23 international journalists and jazz professionals. Music Finland invites a selection of guests to the festival as part of their music export project aimed at the United Kingdom. Other guests arrive from Russia, Japan, and North America.

The title of Festival of the Year, awarded by Finland Festivals, is also proving to be of interest. The title was given to Happening as an acknowledgement of its important role in enriching the Finnish jazz scene. 

The programme: http://www.tamperemusicfestivals.fi/jazz/en/ohjelma/

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          Se vende - Próxima camisetas y corredores 6-9 meses bebé niño - Subasta   
Granada GR, España
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          Se vende - Par De Ben Sherman pantalones de cintura 31 - Subasta   
Granada GR, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
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          Se vende - Los bebés Adidas jkt edad 12-18mth - Subasta   

Gibraltar 30399, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
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          KAMELOT Taps Drummer ALEX LANDENBURG For San Bernardino Concert   
KAMELOT has tapped drummer Alex Landenburg (RHAPSODY, CYHRA) to sit behind the kit for the band's July 1 performance at Glen Helen Amphitheater in San Bernardino, California as the support act for IRON MAIDEN. He will be filling in for KAMELOT's regular drummer, Casey Grillo, who is currently on the road with QUEENSRŸCHE. Grillo made his live debut with with QUEENSRŸCHE on April 1 at Sycuan Casino in El Cajon, California. He was recruited as the temporary replacement for QUEENSRŸCHE drummer Scott Rockenfield, who is taking time off from the band's touring activities to spend time with his newborn son, appropriately named Rockson. KAMELOT will return to North America in April/May 2018 to support their upcoming album on Napalm Records. The new offering will be released in early 2018 and the first tour behind the disc will see the band performing in the United States and Canada, bringing their biggest production and package in the group's history. The tour will venture north and into Canada before extending through the Midwest, ultimately reaching the West Coast before circling back to the South, capping it off with a huge Orlando and Fort Lauderdale finale. Joining KAMELOT and bringing their unique brand of symphonic metal to the tour are very special guests DELAIN from The Netherlands. Rounding off the package for a metallic triple punch are Finland's own BATTLE BEAST. KAMELOT's latest album, "Haven", sold around 7,600 copies in the United States in its first week of release. The CD was made available in May 2015 via Napalm Records as part of an exclusive licensing deal through the band's Kamelot Music LLC. Produced by Sascha Paeth and mastered by Jacob Hansen, "Haven" featured guest appearances by Alissa White-Gluz (ARCH ENEMY, ex-THE AGONIST), Troy Donockley (NIGHTWISH) and Charlotte Wessels (DELAIN). The g cover and artwork was created by Stefan Heilemann and additional art/layout was done by Gustavo Sazes.
          'Tuska20 - The Anniversary Song' Video Feat. Members Of NIGHTWISH, STRATOVARIUS, AMORPHIS, HIM, CHILDREN OF BODOM   
The official video for "Tuska20 - The Anniversary Song", a track celebrating the twentieth anniversary of Finland's Tuska open-air metal festival, can be seen below. The clip, which was edited by Antti Kuivalainen and Ykä Järvinen, includes excerpts from Tuska 2015 and 2016 aftermovies as well as newly shot studio footage. The 12-inch vinyl version of "Tuska20 - The Anniversary Song" is available for order from Levykauppa Äx. This edition is very limited, so be sure to act fast. "Tuska20 - The Anniversary Song" features contributions from members of NIGHTWISH, STRATOVARIUS, WINTERSUN, AMORPHIS, HIM, BATTLE BEAST and CHILDREN OF BODOM. Tuska promoter Jouni Markkanen said: "All proceeds from this project will be collected to the 'Tuska 20 Years' fund that operates under the umbrella of Elmu Säätlö, and will be donated to charity. The object of charity will be determined by an advisory board, which consists of musicians, industry notables and Tuska-related persons throughout the history of the festival." "Tuska20 - The Anniversary Song" has also been a great experience for the musicians involved, and an exciting one, as CHILDREN OF BODOM drummer Jaska Raatikainen explained: "This project is more secret than North Korea. Even the musicians don't know what's going to happen…" The seven-minute epic, which was written by Esa Holopainen of AMORPHIS, features guest appearances by the following musicians: * Akira Takasaki (LOUDNESS) * Gus G. (OZZY OSBOURNE, FIREWIND) * Marco Hietala (NIGHTWISH) * Lauri Porra, Jens Johansson and Timo Kotipelto (STRATOVARIUS) * Roope Latvala and Janne Joutsenniemi (STONE) * Jari Mäenpää and Teemu Mäntysaari (WINTERSUN) * Santeri Kallio (AMORPHIS) * Janne Johannes Puurtinen (a.k.a. Burton; HIM) * Noora Louhimo (BATTLE BEAST) * Archie Cruz (SANTA CRUZ) * Esa Holopainen (AMORPHIS) * Nino Laurenne (THUNDERSTONE, Sonic Pump Studio) * Jaska Raatikainen, Alexi Laiho, Daniel Freyberg, Janne Wirman (CHILDREN OF BODOM) * Gas Lipstick (ex-HIM, HALLATAR) * Tomi Joutsen (AMORPHIS) * Kai Hahto (WINTERSUN, NIGHTWISH) * Marko Annala and Tuomo Saikkonen (MOKOMA) * Pasi Rantanen (THUNDERSTONE) * Antti Hyyrynen (STAM1NA) * Samy Elbanna (LOST SOCIETY) * Ville Sorvali (MOONSORROW) * Netta Skog (ENSIFERUM) "Tuska20 - The Anniversary Song" can be downloaded as an MP3 or WAV file through www.fundyou.io. Each download costs 5 euros. HIM, SUICIDAL TENDENCIES, MAYHEM, APOCALYPTICA, DIRKSCHNEIDER and SONATA ARCTICA are among the bands who are set to perform at the 20th-anniversary edition of the Tuska festival, which is taking place June 30 - July 2 in Helsinki, Finland. The 2016 edition of the Tuska festival saw 28,000 fans gathered at Suvilahti, formerly an energy production area, a present-day venue for festivals, flea markets and graffiti, located in Helsinki's Sörnäinen district. The festival offers a variety of ticket options: from 255 euros for the three-day Tuska Turbo VIP package to 129 euros for a normal three-day ticket and 105 and 75 euros for a two- or one-day ticket, respectively. Tickets can be exchanged for wristbands at the festival site. For more information, visit Tuska.fi.

          For sale - air jordan 7 retro olympic Youth - Auction   
Retro 4723, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
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          For sale - Canon ae-1 Official Camera 1984 Olympic Games With... - Auction   

Melbourne VIC, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
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          249282-2017: Finlande-Pirkkala: Matériaux de construction et articles connexes   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          Pau Gasol: «Cada vez veo menos probable retirarme en el Barça»   
Después de que el seleccionador español, Sergio Escariolo, le incluyera entre los preseleccionados para el Eurobasket, el jugador de los Spurs de San Antonio Pau Gasol ha confirmado este jueves en Barcelona su participación a la competición que tendrá lugar del 31 de agosto al 17 de septiembre en Finlandia, Turquía, Rumanía e Israel. «Yo no había dicho ni sí, ni no, cosa que es poco habitual. Había tenido conversaciones con Scariolo dándole a entender que la ilusión sigue estando. Hoy, sí confirmo la presencia en la lista y en el equipo nacional con la ilusión de competir y ganar medallas», ha explicado el ala-pívot español. «Confirmo la presencia en el equipo nacional con la ilusión de competir y ganar medallas»El jugador de la NBA ha hecho estas declaraciones en la presentación de la decimotercera edición de la Pau Gasol Academy, que se celebrará en Barcelona del 2 al 8 de julio. Durante el acto, que ha tenido lugar en el NBA Café de la capital catalana, Gasol ha desmenuzado algunos de los temas de actualidad, tanto relacionados con la selección española, como con sus planes en la liga estadounidense. Sobre su futuro en el combinado español, no ha querido confirmar que el Eurobasket 2017 sea la última competición que dispute, teniendo en cuenta que la próxima competición internacional se disputará en 2019, cuando tendrá 39 años. «Siempre digo que cada campeonato puede ser el último y tienes que competir y entregarte cómo si lo fuera y eso es lo que he intentado hacer en los últimos años. Ahora toca competir y entregarme, aunque veremos si de aquí dos años jugamos o no jugamos», ha agregado. Uno de los jugadores veteranos que también entró en la lista de preseleccionados de Scariolo es Juan Carlos Navarro, de quien Pau Gasol ha defendido su inclusión dentro del equipo, a pesar de las lesiones que ha padecido en las últimas temporadas. «Navarro sigue teniendo una magia y una chispa y aporta una serie de valores y liderazgo muy fuertes. Esto es algo que quizás la gente que está metida dentro de la dinámica del equipo no llega a entender», ha puntualizado. «Navarro sigue teniendo una magia y una chispa y aporta una serie de valores y liderazgo muy fuertes»En este sentido, también ha opinado sobre la temporada del Barcelona con Georgios Bartzokas en el banquillo: «Supongo que no estará contento de su salida siendo uno de los peores años que recordamos dentro del equipo de baloncesto del Barcelona. Es difícil entrenar a un grupo con todos jugadores nuevos y solo él sabe lo que ha pasado esta temporada». Precisamente, sobre la posibilidad de retirarse vistiendo de azulgrana, el jugador catalán lo ve cada vez más complicado. «Cada año que juego en Estados Unidos es menos probable que pueda jugar en el Barça. Me ilusiona jugar ahí desde que me fui y cerrar el ciclo y volver donde empecé, pero cada vez que pasan los años y quiero seguir entre los mejores, está probabilidad se reduce», ha agregado. Unas opciones todavía más complicadas si se tiene en cuenta que Gasol ha declinado el año de contrato que tenía con los Spurs para renegociar las condiciones y alargar su vinculación con la franquicia tejana, algo que se conocerá tras la primera semana de julio. «Lo que he hecho ha sido declinar la opción que tenía el año pasado y abrir el abanico. Una de las posibilidades que tengo es alargar el contrato con mi equipo actual, donde he pasado un año de adaptación y creo podría dar un paso adelante», ha explicado Gasol, quien se ha mostrado optimista con la evolución que puede tener con vistas a las próximas temporadas. Por último, ha sido preguntado por los silbidos que ha recibido jugando con la selección española el futbolista del Barcelona Gerard Piqué, de quien ha dicho que «es una persona con mucha personalidad y que no tiene miedo de compartir sus opiniones sobre temas que tienen una cierta complejidad». «Todos los aficionados son libres de expresarse y eso es universal. Lo aceptamos todos. Yo no le silbaría porque tengo una visión global de la vida y del mundo, pero entiendo que haya personas que no estén de acuerdo y lo demuestran de esta manera», ha zanjado.
          For sale - early hardy brothers 4 piece split cane fishing rod... - Auction   
Cane 6710, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Norway, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Chile
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          LA HYUNDAI DE NEUVILLE EN TÈTE AU RALLYE DE POLOGNE   
    La Hyundai i20 du Belge Thierry Neuville pointe en tête du Rallye de Pologne ce vendredi soir, à l’issue des di premières spéciales et au terme de la première étape avec 1″3 de marge sur l’Estonien Ott Tanak avec la Ford Fiesta de l’écurie M-Sport. La Toyota Yaris du Finlandais Jari-Matti Latvala occupant […]
          Remix Super8 & Tab’s “Falling into You” at Splice   
Splice Falling Into You Remix ContestSplice has launched the Falling into You Remix Contest, an opportunity to show Finland production duo Super8 & Tab your chops for
          The establishment of Kesko and Oriola's joint venture has been finalised   

First stores and the online store of the new chain specialising in health, beauty and wellbeing will be opened in the autumn 2017. In March of this year, Kesko and Oriola announced their intention to establish a new store chain specialising in comprehensive wellbeing.


          Tuska Metal Festival Celebrates Its 20th Anniversary – View the Tour In Backstage   

We also asked Eeka Mäkynen, CEO of the festival, about the reasons for its continuing success.

The post Tuska Metal Festival Celebrates Its 20th Anniversary – View the Tour In Backstage appeared first on Finland Today.

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          All Different, All Equal   

rainbow-3


          Dna plc: repurchase of own shares on 30 june 2017   

          United bankers oyj: share repurchase 30.6.2017   

          News Finland, Sweden join British-led rapid action military force   

We collect zip code so that we may deliver news, weather, special offers and other content related to your specific geographic area. We have sent a confirmation email to {* data_emailAddress *}.


          Nokia appoints Samsung executive as head of Technologies   

Nokia has appointed senior Samsung executive Gregory Lee as head of its Technologies unit and member of the group leadership team, the telecoms network equipment maker said on Friday. "Gregory's passion for innovation and operational excellence, along with his proven ability to build and lead global consumer technology businesses, make him well suited to advance Nokia's efforts in virtual reality, digital health and beyond," the Finnish company added.


          A Record Crowd Expected to Join the Pride Parade on Saturday – Police Join The Truck in Uniform   

On Saturday, the LGBTQ2 community with people of all ages will gather together to march against prejudice.

The post A Record Crowd Expected to Join the Pride Parade on Saturday – Police Join The Truck in Uniform appeared first on Finland Today.


          ‘Spider-Man: Homecoming’ Film Review: The Funniest Reboot of the Web-Head to Date   

It makes you chuckle in your seat.

The post ‘Spider-Man: Homecoming’ Film Review: The Funniest Reboot of the Web-Head to Date appeared first on Finland Today.


          Swedish court of appeal rules against fortum in income tax case regarding the years 2009-2012   

          Police order asylum seekers to dismantle Railway Station demo camp   

City police have called on supporters of the pro-asylum seeker "Right to Live" movement to breakdown their protest camp at the Central Railway Station by 7.00pm Friday.

Police say that they will not grant permission for any demonstrations with links to camps that have been removed from the area.

"The decision is based on how the security situation in central Helsinki is developing," said deputy police chief Heikki Kopperoinen.

According to Kopperoinen the weekend ahead is expected to be one of the busiest in the capital. In an attempt to maintain public order police decided to order the asylum seekers to disperse their camp – although they had not been responsible for any public order disturbances in the area.

"They have not broken the law and you can’t point any fingers at them, but police have had to assess the situation in all of Helsinki," the officer explained.

Protesters complying with police order

Group spokesperson Outi Popp said that demonstrators had been disappointed by the police decision to scatter the camp.

"The protest did not cause danger of any kind. We have complied with all of the police orders and suggestions all along," she noted.

The group has not resisted the police order but has begun to clear the camp.

According to Popp the asylum seekers will continue their protest action elsewhere. So far the new location is not known as the group will begin discussions on the matter with police and city officials on Monday.

Earlier this week on Monday, police moved in to remove anti-immigration protesters from the "Finland First" group, who had not complied with a similar order to dismantle their demonstration camp from the railway station.

Police said that the group had been responsible for a number of breaches of the peace and assaults on passersby.


          Savo-solar has drawn up a supplement to the prospectus   

          Finland joins UK’s Joint Expeditionary Force   

Defence Minister Jussi Niinistö inked the deal making Finland a member of the UK’s Joint Expeditionary Force on Friday.

Niinistö formalised the arrangement in Stockholm, where Sweden also signed up for the multinational force.

The aim of the JEF is to develop rapid reaction military performance. Other current members are Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Norway — all NATO members.

The UK invited Finland to join the group in February this year. At the time the Finnish Defence Forces said that the collaboration would not involve any new hardware purchases, since the JEF seeks to use and develop existing assets.

The JEF is not staffed by permanent troops. Rather, members contribute resources during crisis situations.


          JELD-WEN to buy Mattiovi Oy from Taaleri   

WEN Holding, Inc. and Taaleri have concluded an agreement on an ownership arrangement, wherein the whole share capital of Mattiovi Oy was transferred to JELD-WEN Suomi Oy. Mattiovi Oy was Taaleri's co-investment case and it was owned by Taaleri's customers via Taaleri Door Fund , Taaleri Investments and the management of Mattiovi Oy .


          Poyry PLC: The consortium between Skanska and Poyry was awarded...   

PA yry PLC: The consortium between Skanska and PA yry was awarded implementation of a new road section in Finland Employing the alliance model, the Finnish Transport Agency has selected a consortium between Skanska Infra Oy and PA yry Finland Oy to construct the new Lahti stretch of the city of Lahti's southern ring road. The consortium called 'VALTARI' was one of the four consortia that took part in the alliance model negotiations.


          Covered warrants listing on 3.7.2017   

          Neo industrial plc stock exchange release 30 june 2017 at 2.15 pm   

          Storm winds knock out power to thousands   

Strong winds knocked out power to more than 10,000 customers in southern and western Finland on Friday. By early afternoon, blackouts were reported in more than 50 municipalities. The largest numbers of affected households were in Espoo, Salo, Kimitoön, Raseborg – all to the west of Helsinki – as well as Parkano, north of Tampere.

Nearly 3,000 customers were without electricity in Salo, midway between Turku and Helsinki. The number of outages has been rising quickly since around 11 am.

Worst hit so far have been customers of the Caruna and Elenia utility companies.

Sähköhäiriöiden korjaus sujuu turvallisesti päivänvalossa.
Power crews are scrambling to restore electricity to homes in the south-west. Matti Myller / Yle

According to Yle meteorologist Kerttu Kotakorpi, the strongest easterly winds are still expected along the Turku-Hanko-Helsinki coastal corridor.

Wind speeds on land and sea areas are at times exceeding 21 metres per second, considered storm force, with stronger gusts possible. In the late morning, gusts of 24.9 mps were recorded off the coast of Helsinki. Even inland Tampere was buffeted by 15 mps winds.

"The wind will be at its most powerful in the afternoon before calming down in the evening," Kotakorpi says.

Storm-force winds are rare in June. Last year they were recorded on three days in Finnish territorial waters, while in 2013-15 none were detected.


          KONE climbs sky-high Down Under   

Finnish lift and escalator giant KONE has won an order to supply 10 lifts to the Greenland Centre Sydney development in Sydney, Australia.

The post KONE climbs sky-high Down Under appeared first on Good News from Finland.


          Medicortex raises EUR 140K   

Finnish company Medicortex Finland is another step closer to realising its diagnostic kit for identifying brain injuries.

The post Medicortex raises EUR 140K appeared first on Good News from Finland.


          Rapala vmc corporation: appointment to executive committee   

          Two ex-Finns Party MPs cross floor to boost government ranks   

Finns Party lawmaker Matti Torvinen announced Friday that he would leave the nationalist party now led by anti-immigration hardliner Jussi Halla-aho. Torvinen, who was elected as the party’s runner-up representative in Lapland, became an MP last week when ex-Finns Party MP Hanna Mäntylä took up a post with the Council of Europe.

Torvinen has elected to join the group of breakaway Finns Party MPs now known as the Blue Reform, but officially still the New Alternative that has become part of Juha Sipilä’s coalition government.

He said that he decided to cross the floor because the leadership of the Finns Party has not renounced previous writings and speech that have attacked human rights.

Matti Torvinen (ps.)
Matti TorvinenTanja Männistö / Yle

"I have not defected from the Finns Party to anywhere. I have simply left and I will actively work to create a new blue party along with my friends," Torvinen said in a statement released Friday.

The ex-Finns Party MP said that the new party respects human rights as well as the physical and intellectual integrity of the individual.

"Otherwise we will incorporate the traditional patriotic Finnish attitude, our blue and white heritage," he added.

MP Veera Ruoho expected to join government

Meanwhile another former Finns Party MP, Veera Ruoho was also announced a transition to the government benches on Friday.

Ruoho had previously quit the Finns Party earlier in June during the upheaval caused by the election of ultra-nationalist Jussi Halla-aho as party leader. However she did not join the New Alternative faction but remained independent.

Ruoho announced Friday that she had elected to join the National Coalition Party led by Finance Minister Petteri Orpo.

"It was a tough decision. The leap required strength. I have not changed, my goals are the same, the means are different," she said on Friday.

In her professional life, Ruoho was a police officer, something she said made her a natural fit for the NCP.

"As a party the NCP is a credible and influential player that has a broad understanding of the factors affecting national security," she explained.

The ex-Finns Party MP said that the harsh rhetoric and negative feedback that followed the fracturing of the Finns Party parliamentary group was partly responsible for her decision.

"Let’s say that it was enlightening," she remarked.

The addition of Torvinen and Ruoho to the government benches brings Prime Minister Juha Sipilä’s parliamentary head count to 107. The government's maximum vote count will only reach 106 however, as the speaker -- the New Alternative's Maria Lohela -- does not vote.


          9th ITSelF International Theater School ...   

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          Kemira acquires liquid fingerprinting technology from Finnish start-up Aqsens   

Kemira Oyj Press release June 29, 2017 at 3 pm Kemira acquires liquid fingerprinting technology from Finnish start-up Aqsens Kemira Oyj acquires liquid fingerprinting technology for qualitative and quantitative liquid analyses from start-up Aqsens Oy, headquartered in Helsinki, Finland. This technology utilizes Enhanced Time Resolved Fluorescence method that enables high sensitivity and selectivity to monitor various liquid samples.


          Nokia corporation: shares subscribed with option rights   

          Huhtamäki grows stronger in China   

Finnish food and drink packaging specialist Huhtamäki has agreed to acquire International Paper's foodservice packaging operations in China.

The post Huhtamäki grows stronger in China appeared first on Good News from Finland.


          Metsä board corporation: share conversion   

          5,656 metsä board?s a-shares converted into b-shares   

          Solteq plc: directed issue   

          Government vows to stick to social and healthcare reform schedule   

Parliament’s Constitutional Law Committee threw a spanner in the works for the Juha Sipilä administration Thursday, when it declared that the freedom of choice tenet of government’s social and healthcare reform programme – also colloquially known as "sote" — posed several constitutional problems.

The committee flagged the unconstitutionality of requiring provincial administrations to convert their public health delivery services to limited companies in order to bid for contracts. It also opined that the government’s implementation schedule for the reform was unrealistic.

However Prime Minister Sipilä came forward Thursday afternoon to declare that the government is sticking to its original schedule of rolling out the reform from January 2019.

"Schedule rather straightforward"

Sipilä noted that there are two issues on the table. The first relates to the corporatisation of service providers in a bid to maintain freedom of choice and the second relates to the timetable and the phasing of those services.

"We will certainly be able to make this series of adjustments, that’s quite clear," Sipilä said Thursday.

"The schedule is rather straightforward from a technically legal perspective. Of course the removal this duty to corporatise will cause changes to several legal clauses and from a legislative drafting perspective it is the larger of the two issues," he added.

"In my view, once again the constitutional law committee has shown that the Finnish system works. We had a unanimous statement and support for the proposal that the services will be transferred to the provinces. The statement also supports the need for freedom of choice throughout the sote programme."

Sote ministers back up PM on timetable

Sipilä received the backing of the ministerial working group charged with taking forward the reform programme in his insistence that the original implementation timetable will hold.

In a release issued on Thursday, the ministers declared that the social and healthcare reform as well as the reform of regional administrations would begin from January 2019. They noted that the freedom of choice factor would also be part of the reform schedule.

The government’s reform ministerial working group said that it would carefully review the committee’s statement and will begin preparations to amend the required draft legislation.

The minister leading the transformation project, Family Affairs and Social Services Minister Juha Rehula told MPs in parliament that he found no obstacles to maintaining the original schedule in the constitutional law committee’s statement.

"The statement is such that from a glance through at least, there is no impediment," Rehula commented.

Rehula would not speculate on whether or not a new commenting round would be required or how long it would take to prepare amendments to the draft legislation. In their statement, the ministerial group also pointed out the requirement to form limited companies out of public health service providers was not the government’s wish.

Rather they said, it was a way to ensure fair competition and to ensure the application of union competition law. The group said they would not go back to the drawing board to consider other ways of achieving competition neutrality.

Major legal changes required

Reforming the draft legislation will be a major undertaking and could throw off the timing for provincial elections, which are also due in 2019. Sipilä said that the government also intends to hold to this schedule.

"It is extremely important because the provincial administrations would have that year to prepare for the major changes coming. But of course this entire project now depends on how big the overhaul [of the draft law] will be and we’ll know that next week," Sipilä explained.

The PM said that the heads of the government coalition parties will meet on Friday afternoon to review the comments made by the Constitutional Law Committee.


          Jeld-wen to buy mattiovi oy from taaleri   

          Nurminen logistics plc: subscription right of the share issue   

          Friday’s papers: Health reform snag, Nazi prisoners, elk hunting call and a windy weekend   

Along with the latest on Donald Trump's partial travel ban and Twitter tantrums, leading daily Helsingin Sanomat comments on the latest setback for the government's long-debated reform of the social and healthcare system, known as 'sote'.

On Thursday the parliamentary Constitutional Law Committee declared parts of the plan to be unconstitutional, throwing into doubt the scheduled start date of January 2019 – a timetable that the committee slammed unrealistic in any case.

In an editorial, HS asserts that "information provided by experts is apparently heard better within the Constitutional Law Committee than it was during the government's preparation" of the bill.

Hbl: Experts as "ideological cyclopes"

In the main Swedish-language paper, Hufvudstadsbladet, meanwhile, a leader of the business lobby EK accuses the experts who helped the committee shape its stance of being "ideologically cyclopean".

Ilkka Oksala, Director of Working Life at the Confederation of Finnish Industries, argues that many constitutional experts' negative view of the forced privatisation of public services is based on their own personal interpretations, and that their views have taken on an overly large role in the debate, overriding that of parliamentarism and democracy.

Turning to other topics, Helsingin Sanomat also carries a reportage on archaeological excavations in mainland Finland's southernmost town, Hanko, into a site at Tulliniemi where thousands of Nazi German prisoners were held in 1942-44, during the Second World War.

And HS, like most other papers, warns its readers of potentially dangerous winds in southern Finland on Friday. The capital region in particular faces two days of wet, windy weather, with highs only reaching the mid-teens Celsius. Elsewhere, too, the mercury will basically remain below 20.

Easterly winds could reach storm force of 21 metres per second in south-western sea areas, with waves of more than four metres. Showers are possible in Koillismaa and Eastern Lapland, too, with rain continuing overnight and on Saturday in the south.

MT: Let the moose hunters loose

Further afield, the rural paper Maaseudun Tulevaisuus quotes emeritus professor of forestry Matti Kärkkäinen as calling for an end to hunting permits for elk, known in North America as moose.

He notes that the population of the large animals has risen to the level where they should be fair game for all hunters without quotas, as is the case for roe deer.

Kärkkäinen called on the new Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Jari Leppä, to tackle the issue immediately.

Kärkkäinen was speaking at a forestry event in Puumala, South Savo, on Thursday. He argued that deregulation would save landowners - like himself - from forest damage caused by grazing elk, the state from needless red tape, as well as of course hunters from license fees.


          Study finds Neste renewable diesel significantly reduces PM emissions ...   

A study led by researchers at Tampere University of Technology in Finland found that the use of neat Neste MY Renewable Diesel in working machines - a Wille 355B compact utility machine and Wille 855C multi-purpose wheel-loader - efficiently reduces particulate matter emissions compared to EN590 diesel with 7% biodiesel. With renewable diesel, both the number of particles as well as particulate mass were reduced in nearly all of the operating cycles of the working machines.


          Housing costs of owner-occupied dwellings rose by 1.7 per cent   
According to Statistics Finland, the housing costs of owner-occupied dwellings increased by 1.7 per cent in the first quarter of 2017 from the respective quarter of 2016. According to preliminary data, the price of buying a dwelling went up by 1.4 per cent from the corresponding period. Compared with the previous quarter, the housing costs of owner-occupied dwellings rose by 1.1 per cent and purchasing of dwellings became 0.8 per cent more expensive.
          Turnover of large enterprises grew in May   
According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the seasonally adjusted turnover of large enterprises grew by 0.6 per cent in May 2017 compared with April. In April, seasonally adjusted turnover grew by 0.7 per cent, while in March, turnover was 0.4 per cent higher than in the month before.
          Nokia appoints gregory lee to head nokia technologies and as member of the nokia group leadership team   

          Change in pihlajalinna plc's management team   

          Wirepas and Rigado connect and configure for IoT   

Wirepas and US-based Rigado have partnered up to offer Wirepas Connectivity on Rigado's Internet of Things (IoT) Gateway.

The post Wirepas and Rigado connect and configure for IoT appeared first on Good News from Finland.


          Stockmann to sell its delicatessen business in finland to s group - stockmann delicatessen stores will remain in all department stores   

          Exercises with stock options of nokia corporation   

          New shares in solteq plc entered in the trade register   

          Consumer confidence slips slightly but remains high   
Finns are satisfying their appetite for spending increasingly by borrowing or dipping into their savings, according to Helsingin Sanomat.
Finns' growing appetite for spending is attributable to spreading optimism about the general economic situation rather than to the amount of disposable available to them.

Consumer confidence has slipped marginally from the record-high level it hit in May, reports Statistics Finland.

Statistics Finland on Tuesday reported that its consumer confidence indicator dropped from 24.1 in May to 23.9 in June, while remaining well above both the levels of previous years and the long-term average of 12.0.


          BRIEF-Asian Star purchases real estate property in Tokyo   

BERLIN, June 28 Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble on Wednesday underscored Germany's concerns about what he called a regulatory loophole after the EU cleared Italy to wind up two failed banks at a hefty cost to local taxpayers.


          Green Motion Rovaniemi Airport in Finland have won Rentalcars.com 'Customer Favourite Award'   

Richard Lowden, Green Motion's CEO, said, "Rentalcars is a valued partner of Green Motion and we are extremely honoured that Green Motion Rovaniemi Airport has been recognised by their customers." Green Motion Rovaniemi Airport puts customer service at the heart of their business, ensuring that each and every customer receives the very best from their car rental experience.


          Fortum Corporation Fortum to make donations to four Finnish...   

As part of Finland 100, the centenary of Finland's independence, Fortum is making donations to four Finnish universities. Each donation is EUR 250,000, and the recipients are: "We want to celebrate Finland's centenary by looking forward and investing in Finland's most notable strength, i.e. know-how," says Arto Raty, Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs and Communications, Fortum.


          Orpo: Forced incorporations in violation of constitution   
The National Coalition is not willing to compromise on its objective of increasing freedom of choice in the social and health care sector, says Minister of Finance Petteri Orpo (NCP).
The National Coalition is not willing to compromise on its objective of increasing freedom of choice in the social and health care sector, says Minister of Finance Petteri Orpo (NCP).

 

Petteri Orpo (NCP), the Minister of Finance, has raised eyebrows among his fellow legislators by estimating that obliging counties to incorporate their social and health care service providers under certain circumstances would be in violation of the Constitution of Finland.

“I’m sure we’re all aware of the fact that these so-called forced incorporations aren’t in compliance with the constitution,” he stated in the Parliament on Tuesday.


          Consumer Ombudsman issues final warning to sporting goods retailers   
Sale signs in the windows of an Intersport shop in Iso Omena Shopping Centre in Espoo on 18 June, 2015.
Sale signs in the windows of an Intersport shop in Iso Omena Shopping Centre in Espoo on 18 June, 2015.

 

The Consumer Ombudsman of Finland has prohibited seven leading sporting goods retailers from using made-up price reductions, misleading recommended retail prices and other methods that may mislead consumers in their advertisement campaigns.

A violation of the prohibition will result in the issuing of a penalty payment of 100,000 euros.


          NH-90   

nh90


          Dna plc: repurchase of own shares on 29 june 2017   

          United bankers oyj: share repurchase 29.6.2017   

          Savo-solar is selected as the preferred bidder in a tender for a turnkey delivery in france   

          Report proposes free preschool for 5-year-olds, lower home care allowances and daycare fees   

The central premise of the Education Ministry working group is to ensure that more children in Finland are placed in child care facilities at an earlier age. The group pointed out that children born into low-income and poorly-educated families benefit more if they are placed in municipal childcare or high quality family daycare. It also cited research suggesting that children in early childhood education groups are better positioned to learn social skills and independence.

Preschool starting at five

The group issued a report calling for free early childhood education for low-income families. It also recommended a gentler increase in payments as family incomes rise. It proposed that the reforms could be funded in part by higher fees for very high income earners.

At present, preschool is compulsory and children get their first foretaste of elementary school at the age of six. However, the working group is proposing that children in Finland should start preschool at the age of five, and it would be optional to start at that age.

Prodding moms back out to work

The working group also highlighted other research showing that children in low-income and poorly-educated families tend to be cared for at home for a long time. The group said that this is largely because going out to work does not materially increase the family’s cash in hand.

In the language of government circles this dilemma is known as an "incentive trap". As far as the working group is concerned, it prevents women from returning to work quickly after having a child. At the same time, many children who would benefit from early childhood education end up staying at home.

The report has proposed cutting the child home care allowance from its current maximum three-year year duration to two years. Correspondingly, the right to remain at home to care for an infant would also be slashed from three to two years. The logic is that when mothers have to return to work, they will then have to organise formal early childhood education early on.

The Education Ministry panel has calculated that the proposed measures would put an estimated 5,500 five year-olds into preschool, while 4,000 mothers would go back to work earlier than before.

The report was compiled by a working group comprising Tampere University Professor Kirsti Karila, research head Tuomas Kosonen of the Labour Institute for Economic Research and Satu Järvenkallas, director responsible for early childhood education and care with the city of Helsinki.


          Finnish court confiscates Uber manager's assets amid legal probe   

Helsinki district court on Wednesday ordered the assets of Uber's Finnish country manager be confiscated until police conclude an investigation into whether the U.S. ride-hailing firm operates an illegal taxi service in Finland. The court turned down a police request to confiscate Uber Finland's assets, but ordered up to 246,000 euros of its country manager Joel Jarvinen's personal assets be frozen.


          F-secure has received a favorable ruling regarding withholding taxes for years 2009-2011   

          Scanfil plc: notification of managers' transactions   

          Finns joining ranks of panhandlers on Helsinki streets   

A 30-something young man in brown hooded sweater sits under a tree in the bustling heart of Helsinki at Kamppi shopping centre. At his feet an empty beer crate holds about five or six euros in coins. Next to it is an empty wine bottle that serves as a holder for a small Finnish flag. A speaker blasts music. The man is holding a cardboard sign that reads, "DOMESTIC ALTERNATIVE. MONEY FOR BEERS. THANK YOU."

The panhandler is reluctant to tell his real name so he agrees to go by the alias, Harald. He says that the mention of beer money on the sign is just one way to get cash. He is not homeless, but says that his disability pension and income subsidy only amount to just over 600 euros each month.

"I can honestly say that [asking for] beer money just a gimmick. We too are in need. I go to the breadline at Hursti’s," he added. By Hursti, Harald is referring to the charitable organisation that distributes food twice weekly and clothing once a week on Helsinginkatu in Helsinki’s Kallio district. However the NGO does not provide services during the summer.

When Harald says "we", he’s referring to other native Finnish panhandlers who carry cardboard signs and solicit money from passerby in the city centre. Harald claims to know at least four other people in similar circumstances and said that he believes that the numbers are growing.

"Sure, Finns too can beg. We are mostly protesting the fact that benefits aren’t enough to live on," he declares.

Maximum daily take up to 400 euros

Harald has been begging on street corners for about six years. Every day he counts out between five and 400 euros. He says young adults are usually the most generous. Sitting outside festivals offers the best opportunity to haul in hundreds in donations.

"Somehow people think you are more honest than other beggars when you ask for beer money."

Sitting in the open streets has its drawbacks. A few passersby have condemned Harald as bigoted because his sign mentions a "domestic alternative".

"Some people have kicked over the Finnish flag, but [I’ve had] no other disruptions. It’s just a case of righting the flag and trying again," he remarks.

Yle asked Harald if he really spends the money he collects on beer.

"Today I’ve collected so little that I won’t go buy a beer. I’ll just get cigarettes and a little something to eat."

Panhandling an extreme measure

Although Harald believes that there has been an increase in the number of Finns cadging for cash on the streets, Helsinki University poverty researcher Virpi Mäkinen takes a different view. She said she hasn’t observed more Finns taking to street corners. Cases like Harald’s she said, are isolated.

"There is no research data on the matter, but I have seen Finns popping up on the streets," Mäkinen acknowledged, however.

She speculated whether the appearance of Finns panhandling in public is a sign of the breakdown of the welfare society. She pointed out that hitting the streets to collect money requires courage and that it is an extreme option — often a last resort.

"If the number of Finns begging increases, I would think that something is very wrong. After the emergence of the welfare state there haven’t really been beggars, but before that, certainly," Mäkinen remarked.

The researcher said she suspects that Finns may have taken a page from the playbook of foreign panhandlers who ply their trade in Finland seasonally.

"Roma beggars have been panhandling in Helsinki for years and have made it more acceptable," she explained.

Meanwhile, the corner of another cardboard sign is peeking out from Harald’s rucksack. When asked about it, he says it’s a business secret, but he shows it anyway. This sign too solicits cash for beer, but indicates that the money is also for a guitar and says the same in English.

"It works on weekends. People think it’s good humour. I change the sign depending on the mood," Harald laughs.


          Conversion of convertible notes pursuant to financing arrangement between valoe corporation and bracknor investment   

          Structured bonds listing on 30.6.2017   

          Police investigate suspected family murder-suicide in eastern Helsinki   

Helsinki police said that shortly after midday on Wednesday they received a call asking them to check an apartment in Vuosaari for the whereabouts of a 29 year-old man. The man’s workmates told officers that had been unable to reach him after he didn’t show up for work.

"We entered the home because of concerns expressed by workmates. The man had not shown up for work and his colleagues were worried and contacted the police," explained chief inspector Jari Koski of the Helsinki police department.

Upon entering the flat, officers found the man and his 32 year-old wife, both of whom were dead. The couple’s three-year old son was also at the home, however police said that he appeared to be unharmed.

Police said they suspect the case involves a murder-suicide and are investigating accordingly.

"The married couple were in the home and no external parties are suspected of involvement in the case," Koski disclosed.


          Econet strikes groundbreaking deal in China   

Finnish water and wastewater treatment company Econet has received a substantial order from Zhejiang Fuchun Ziguang Environmental Protection (ZZE) in China, with the two also signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).

The post Econet strikes groundbreaking deal in China appeared first on Good News from Finland.


          Russia c.bank: Tuesday cyber attack similar to WannaCry, Petya   

Russia's central bank said on Wednesday it had detected a cyber attack on Tuesday that used malware similar to the WannaCry and Petya encryptor viruses. The bank said its centre for monitoring and reacting to computer attacks had sent out instructions to companies on how to detect and counter the malware.


          eq plc: managers? transactions   

          Change in plc uutechnic group oyj's management team   

          Digia plc - managers' transactions   

          We Visited the Eternal Sunshine of the Midnight Sun Film Festival in Lapland   

The festival attracted about 28,000 visitors to its silver screens in the realm of endless sunlight.

The post We Visited the Eternal Sunshine of the Midnight Sun Film Festival in Lapland appeared first on Finland Today.


          Site News: Popular Posts for This Week (06.30.2017)   

Popular posts from PHPDeveloper.org for the past week:


          Commenti su Pene ridotte per i cubani in Finlandia di Gian Luca Pasini   
confermo prima la sua mail delle agenzie
          Tikka t3 left hand bolt action rifle for sale   

Im the original owner of this gun and its one of the good models that were still made in finland. comes with a magazine and everything you see minus the scope.It has fired a total of 40 rounds at most. I don’t have time to hunt so im hoping someone with more time can enjoy […]

The post Tikka t3 left hand bolt action rifle for sale appeared first on .


          Swamp Football, Olahraga Paling Kotor Di Dunia   

Rasanya tepat bila swamp football (disebut juga swamp soccer) sebagai olah raga paling kotor. Sesuai namanya, permainan sepak bola ini dimainkan di kubangan lumpur atau rawa.


Swamp soccer berasal dari Bishop Auckland di wilayah Inggris Timur Laut. Awalnya dikhususkan bagi tentara agar melatih fisik mereka. Kemudian, Jyrki Väänänen yang dijuluki "The Swamp Baron" mengadakan kejuaraan di Finlandia sejak 1998. 
Kejuaraan dunia swamp soccer kini diselenggarakan tiap tahun di rawa Vuorisuo, Hyrynsalmi, Finlandia. Pada kejuaraan di tahun 2005 mengikutsertakan 5000 pemain.
 
Semua pemain harus bermain di atas kubangan lumpur tebal. Tak hanya membuat penampilan mereka berantakan, lumpur itu juga menghalangi mobilitas mereka.
 
Lihat sendiri kumpulan foto berikut untuk buktikan betapa kotornya mereka.


 
 

 


 






jelajahunik.us

          Efter tre års inhibering blir Postrodden av   
Det rådet stormvarning och hårda vindar idag i olika delar av Finlands kustområden. Arrangörerna i Björkö ungdomsförening har ändå beslutat att Postrodden över Kvarken kan bli av. - Vi kör på normalt, men ifall vädret ändras kör vi plan B eller plan C, säger Kjell Nyback, som är med och arrangerar Postrodden.
          Byar på 25 m/s uppmätta i Hangö - posta era bilder på stormen i Svenskfinland   
På norra Östersjön och västra Finska viken råder stormvarning. Också på landområden i landets södra del och landskapen Satakunta, Birkaland, Mellersta Finland och Södra Savolax varnas för kraftig nordostlig vind, upp till 15 m/s i vindbyarna. Har den hårda vinden ställt till det där du befinner dig?
          Läget med sura sulfatjordar är värst i Malax   
Finland lider mest av sura sulfatjordar i Europa. Kring Malax finns de värsta områden enligt specialforskare Peter Edén. Just nu pågår en kartläggning av sura sulfatjordar i Österbotten för att man sedan ska kunna lägga in åtgärder.
          Läget med sura sulfatjordar är värst i Österbotten   
Finland lider mest av sura sulfatjordar i Europa. I området Karleby-Närpes finns de värsta områden enligt specialforskare Peter Edén. Just nu pågår en kartläggning av sura sulfatjordar i Österbotten för att man sedan ska kunna vidta åtgärder.
          Flest Finland 100-evenemang i Österbotten   
Österbottningarna engagerar sig i Finlands jubileumsår. Intresset är stort och antalet evenemang som är knutna till Finland 100 är fler än i övriga Finland. Pedersöre teater sätter i sommar upp pjäsen Frihetsdrömmar som handlar om den första förryskningsperioden kring sekelskiftet 1900.
          Jeld-Wen adds to recent acquisitions with purchase of Finnish door manufacturer   
Charlotte-based Jeld-Wen continues rolling out its window-and-door manufacturing presence with the recent purchase of a Finnish firm. Jeld-Wen said Friday it had snapped up Mattiovi Oy, which makes interior doors and door frames in Finland. That makes the seventh acquisition for Jeld-Wed in the past two years, including two such deals in Europe, says the company — now publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange. Jeld-Wen (NYSE:JELD) did not disclose terms of its deal to acquire Mattiovi Oy…

          Motor racing-Rallying Poland leg 1 classification   
June 30 (Gracenote) - Leg 1 Classification from the Rally of Poland on Friday 1. Thierry Neuville (Belgium) Hyundai 56:21.200 2. Ott Taenak (Estonia) Ford +00:01.300 3. Jari-Matti Latvala (Finland) Toyota 00:06.600 4. Sebastien Ogier (France) Ford 00:35.100 5. Hayden Paddon (New Zealand) Hyundai 00:39.600 6. Daniel Sordo (Spain) Hyundai 00:51.700 7. Teemu Suninen (Finland) Ford 01:11.000 8. Juho Haenninen (Finland) Toyota

          Liberté et cie   

10€

Etude (poche). Paru en 02/2016

Liberté et cie


Isaac Getz, Brian M. Carney

Notre société a érigé la liberté comme l'une de ses valeurs cardinales, censée gouverner notre système politique comme nos vies privées. Les patrons sont souvent les premiers à vanter ses vertus, en faisant un pilier du capitalisme. Mais ces belles paroles s'arrêtent net à la porte des entreprises : dans le monde du travail, la hiérarchie, le contrôle, la surveillance continue semblent bien demeurer la règle. Pourtant, l'enquête de Brian Carney et d'Isaac Getz montre qu'il existe une autre manière d'agir et nous invite dans des entreprises où la liberté est devenue le principe de management. On y laisse les salariés prendre des initiatives au lieu de leur dire comment faire. On les traite en adultes responsables au lieu de limiter les informations dont ils disposent et de faire contrôler chacun de leurs faits et gestes par une hiérarchie pléthorique. On encourage la prise de risque. Situées en France, aux États-Unis, au Japon ou en Finlande, ces entreprises ont été « libérées » par des dirigeants visionnaires qui ont totalement révolutionné la culture de leurs firmes. Et en même temps, leur rentabilité a explosé. Nous sommes à l'aube d'une nouvelle ère du management.



          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          World's Greatest/Only Hockey Recruiting Overview: 2017   

With a renewed sense of hope I decided to check out the incoming class to see what's on deck for Michigan hockey. The answer is surprisingly pleasant given the long period of uncertainty that preceded Mel Pearson's hire. Then I kept going, but that's another post.

2017

There are twin headliners and a third guy to keep an eye on. Josh Norris was the 19th pick in the most recent draft after leading the NTDP U18s in scoring* and crushing the NHL combine. Norris sounds like a Carl Hagelin or JT Compher sort of gent:

… tough competitor that is willing to engage physically to win puck battles…strong skater that isn’t easily pushed off the puck. He doesn’t have elite speed, but he’s a good enough four-direction skater that he’s capable of playing the center position at the next level. … competes hard on the defensive end and plays a responsible game. … lot of his offense comes from driving hard to the net and winning battles for loose pucks, and creating opportunities by chasing the play. …. ability to handle the puck is fine, but it’s not an area of strength.

He'll play both ways and pile up points because of his physical ability, effort, and reasonable skill level. That skill level might be a bit higher than the above take, depending on who you listen to. His NTDP coach:

“He can hammer a puck. He can skate. He’s got a great first step. He competes, and he’s coachable. He’s got a lot going for him. I think he’s got a great deal of God-given talent. He is a heck of a kid and extremely coachable. Those items right there lead up to a player who has some ability and a bright future.”

Given the dearth of center talent on the roster Norris is likely to slot in on the top line from day one; he and Will Lockwood are Compher and Motte in search of Connor. (Connor is not on this roster.)

Side note: Norris's father Dwayne starred for Michigan State back in the day. Completing this odd circle of betrayal: MSU has a commitment from Mike Knuble's kid, Cam Knuble, for 2018.

*[He tied Grant Mismash with 61 points but took four fewer games to get there.]

also: 1 G 2 A vs Finland in this year's Five Nations

Quinn Hughes is the second headliner. He was too young for this year's draft by three months and is being mentioned as a potential first rounder next year… like, a first half of the first round pick. and if "5'9" defenseman who might be a top 15 pick" sounds awesome, you and I have the same taste in hockey players. Hughes put up 10-43-53 in 65 games with the U18s this year, and per Red that's no fluke:

Berenson projected Hughes as an “elite-skating, offensive-minded defenseman” at the college level and also called him one of the “top young defensemen” of his class.

“He’s really a special player, and we’re excited about the fact that he’ll bring an element to our defense that maybe we don’t have right now,” Berenson said. “He could definitely add to our power play. His smarts, his vision and his skating ability really separate him from a lot of players.”

Hughes is highly likely to slot into Michigan's first team power play from the drop and chase Eric Werner for the title of MGoDiminutiveDefensemanFaveRave.

There were some OHL rumors about Hughes that seem to have petered out after his brother also went the NTDP route. More about him in another post; he's a 2019 kid.

IMG_1888

The non-headliner but maybe-guy-to-watch is Mike Pastujov. Back in the day when the Pastujov brothers committed, Nick (who is coming off a freshman year in which he had three points in 28 games) was much more modestly regarded than his younger brother. Fast forward a few years and Nick is one who got drafted, albeit in the seventh round. Mike went from potentially being the #1 pick in the OHL draft to undrafted after a few seasons of injuries and struggle. Scouting from way back when:

1. Michael Pastujov (#11 Black) 6-0/186 Honeybaked U16 (Michigan) - A strong and powerful skater who committed to the Wolverines along with his brother Nick, a '98, less than a week after the camp ended. He's a flight risk to the OHL, but he's a strong skater who drives the net well. He made plays happen from all over the ice, really dishes the puck well to his linemates and he wins one-on-one battles. He's a complete package offensively.

Clearly things have gone awry. The primary issue is his inability to stay on the ice. Injuries cost him almost all of his sophomore and junior years; he also missed about a dozen games with the U18s. He still played in 55 and could only put up a 9-15-24 line. Michigan will hope his indifferent final year with the NTDP is more about the injuries than his talent level. If he can repair this

Slow first step

Pastjuov’s biggest issue this past season was his skating. His first step was really slow, which meant he lost a lot of races to loose pucks, and had trouble creating much when he did have the puck.

…then maybe Michigan will get a third headliner in the class.

Pastujov did get healthy enough to catch the eye again at the World U18s, scoring a PPG over a seven-game span as the US took the tourney title. Various scouting services, including the NHL's CSB, moved him from off their lists into the top 100—usually good enough to get drafted in the fourth or fifth round. He was nonetheless passed over.

wpid-20150304__150304_JackBecker_mahtomedi_hockey

The other three guys in the class are all overagers. All are 97s. Jack Becker was Pearson's first commit; unsurprisingly he was a flip from Tech. He was a Wisconsin commit in the long long ago. He'll be 21 in January and was only even somewhat productive in the USHL in his final season, when he put up a 16-12-28 line. Bizarrely for a guy with his profile, he was a 7th round pick of the Bruins in 2015. Becker is a very large person at 6'4", so he might have a shot to be a Ben Winnett sort.

Dakota Raabe could be a little fast dude who ends up on a scoring line or peter out into a checking line guy and penalty killer. He's a few months younger than Becker. While he steadily increased his production in the BCHL, a PPG as an overager in that offense-mad league is not always enough to translate to NCAA productivity. Incredibly, Raabe was only eighth(!) on his team in PPG. (He was 25th in the league.) This is not BCHL slam dunk territory. It's BCHL maybe territory.

FWIW, MSU's Taro Hirose was almost the exact same size and age coming out of the BCHL a year ago; he had a 6-18-24 line as a freshman. That might not sound like much but he was second on his moribund team in scoring and looked like their most dangerous forward when Michigan played them. Unfortunately this isn't a direct comparison; Hirose was a much better BCHL point-acquirer. He had 71 points in 58 games—a cut above Raabe, especially since he was his team's leading scorer by 15 points.

Raabe's head coach says he's got "elite speed," so he's got that going for him. Also his transition from a Southern California major midget team to the BCHL must have been a shock to the system. He does have some late bloomer potential:

“Being on the ice every day has helped me so much,” Raabe said. “My shot has gotten harder and I’ve gotten faster. I’d say my hockey IQ has improved as well because I’m learning how to play the game at a faster level.”

Berenson:

“I’m told Dakota is a high-end skater,” Berenson said. “He’d be one of our fastest skaters. ... It looks like he’s going to be a real good addition to our forward group, and the big thing is because of his speed and work ethic.”

He'll probably have an indifferent freshman year and then his second year will tell the tale. He's a good gamble for a team needing to fill roster spots during a transition period. He is very much a gamble.

Finally, Gustaf Westlund is a Parisian Swede who committed little over a year ago. He had enough about him to warrant an NHL draft profile from SBN:

…intriguing prospect as this was his first season playing in North America. …The left-shot center is a true athlete who oozes potential. .. very good skater. He has a long, smooth stride that appears effortless. He can really get going quickly and seems to have that extra gear. …makes good passes, has above average vision and has a soft touch. … an athletic player with above average tools.

Future Considerations took a look at him about a year ago:

…effortless skater who gets himself to smart areas of the ice to get a shot on net.  …good athletic frame, but is thin and could stand to add some considerable strength to his legs, core and upper body. …handles the puck well with soft hands and creative moves, weaving his way through traffic with a surprisingly long reach. …shot will become a real weapon as he adds strength and puts more velocity behind it. … has much room to develop. 

Berenson:

“We think he’ll add a little bit of everything,” Berenson said. “He’ll be similar to (Adam) Winborg in that he’s good with the puck, good without the puck, he plays physical, he plays hard.”

He put up 8-27-35 in 59 games in the USHL a year ago; not great but he was on a team that struggled to score. He was third on the team in points.

Westlund's move from overseas to prep to the USHL to the NCAA is a challenging route; like Raabe he's a guy who might not show much in year one but has the potential to evolve into a scoring line player over the course of his career. While he's a 97 like the other two guys, he was born in December—he's almost a year younger than Becker.

Upshot

Norris and Hughes are going to be college stars, and Michigan will seek to get two scoring line upperclassmen out of Raabe/Westlund/Pastujov. Becker looks to be a project who will do well to get past the third line. Given the fact that everyone in this class knew they wouldn't be finishing their careers under Red Berenson, it's as good of a group as is reasonable to expect and should patch a couple of last year's biggest holes—a two-way #1 center and a power play quarterback.


          Finlandia absuelve a uno de los cinco cubanos de la selección nacional de voleibol acusados de violación   

El tribunal de apelaciones de la ciudad de Turku, en Finlandia, ha dictado nueva sentencia contra los cinco jugadores de la selección nacional de voleibol de Cuba detenidos a principios de julio del año pasado bajo las acusaciones de haber violado a una mujer en el país, que habían sido condenados a sentencias de hasta cinco años de prisión.


          Finlandia absuelve a uno de los cinco cubanos de la selección nacional de voleibol acusados de violación   

El tribunal de apelaciones de la ciudad de Turku, en Finlandia, ha dictado nueva sentencia contra los cinco jugadores de la selección nacional de voleibol de Cuba detenidos a principios de julio del año pasado bajo las acusaciones de haber violado a una mujer en el país, que habían sido condenados a sentencias de hasta cinco años de prisión.


          Offer - #Dua_For_My_Husband_To_come_Back_To_Me+91-9001483816 - FINLAND   
#Dua_For_My_Husband_To_come_Back_To_Me+91-9001483816
          Materi Kelas 7 :Program Aplikasi (Kegunaan Program Aplikasi)   
9.Autocard
AutoCAD adalah perangkat lunak komputer CAD untuk menggambar 2 dimensi dan 3 dimensi yang dikembangkan oleh Autodesk. Keluarga produk AutoCAD, secara keseluruhan, adalah software CAD yang paling banyak digunakan di dunia.
AutoCAD digunakan oleh insinyur sipil, land developers, arsitek, insinyur mesin, desainer interior dan lain-lain.
Format data asli AutoCAD, DWG, dan yang lebih tidak populer, Format data yang bisa dipertukarkan (interchange file format) DXF, secara de facto menjadi standard data CAD. Akhir-akhir ini AutoCAD sudah mendukung DWF, sebuah format yang diterbitkan dan dipromosikan oleh Autodesk untuk mempublikasikan data CAD.
AutoCAD saat ini hanya berjalan disistem operasi Microsoft. Versi untuk Unix dan Macintosh sempat dikeluarkan tahun 1980-an dan 1990-an, tetapi kemudian tidak dilanjutkan. AutoCAD masih bisa berjalan di emulator seperti Virtual PC atau Wine.
AutoCAD dan AutoCAD LT tersedia dalam bahasa Inggris, Jerman, Perancis, Italia, Spanyol, Jepang, Korea, Tionghoa Sederhana, Tionghoa Tradisional, Rusia, Ceko, Polandia, Hongaria, Brasil, Portugis, Denmark, Belanda, Swedia, Finlandia, Norwegia dan Vietnam.


          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          In an Era of Closing Leather Bars and Harness-Wearing Poseurs, Where Are the Real Leather Men?   

These days, even the young’uns are showing up to gay, kink-themed events, styling themselves in decorative neoprene harnesses as if performing some kind of butch drag. It’s worlds away from the hardcore BDSM scene of the 1970s and ’80s captured by the likes of Robert Mapplethorpe, who immortalized the leather man in his photographs. Be it the master and slave, the boot fetishist, or the fist-ee: They were rough personas, serious and perverse. In the New York Times, the gay nightlife chronicler Michael Musto wrote a few years ago that the scene has now lost much of that overt sadomasochistic edge; it’s becoming more about dressing-up, shifting from a serious lifestyle to a sexy costume:

The leather scene used to occupy a very visible part of gay culture. In the 1960s through the early ’80s, men in leather caps and chaps could be seen strutting about Christopher Street, looking as if they had emerged from a Tom of Finland illustration by way of a Marlon Brando movie still.

Musto cited the closures of New York leather and fetish bars: places like the Ramrod, Spike, Rawhide, and Badlands. This shift also happened outside of New York in cities like San Francisco, where more public venues are shutting down or morphing into mainstream-like bars. On the bar scene and in the street, it can seem like leather has gone the way of the disco, the piano bar, or the Times Square sex cinema. So what does it mean to be a real leather man in today’s apparently dying scene?

Well, the truth is, it’s not dying at all—it’s just gotten more concentrated. Anybody who was at this year’s International Mr. Leather could see that leather enthusiasts still exist. Between 15,000 to 16,000 fetishists were proudly decked out in gear in and around the Congress Plaza Hotel in downtown Chicago over Memorial Day weekend. Then there’s the Folsom Street Fair in San Francisco, which takes over the city in broad daylight with 400,000 kinksters swelling to over 13 city blocks. Over three decades old, it still draws plenty of pups, pigs, and slaves. But you wouldn't know unless you happened to pass by.

I spoke to Race Bannon, renowned kinkster and leather/kink columnist for the Bay Area Reporter, for some insight into what the leather life is like now:

“I think what is happening is that the scene is fractioning into separate camps and where as once you had leather bars as the focal point for the entire gay men’s scene—you know, if we’re talking about gay men specifically—that was the focal point. There was nothing else we did but leather bars and play and sex clubs.”

Bannon explained how now people have the ability to splinter themselves into their specific kink subset, where in the past it was a single unit: The leather scene.

“Everyone is equating the demise of leather bars with, ‘the scene is going away,’ as though leather bars were the be-all and end-all, and the only thing around which leather culture can exist,” he continued. “The leather bars were mostly offering a cruising venue, which is not necessary anymore.”

Bannon equates this shift with the advent of the internet, which has made it much easier for fetishists to filter and find exactly what they’re looking for. It makes sense: This is far more efficient than cruising a leather bar after midnight, trying to sort the real players from those who are just playing around. Also, as Bannon eloquently stated, one used to have the ability to suck dick in a leather bar and be overtly sexual, which is more difficult these days.

It’s true that leather has become much less visible now, particularly for those who aren’t in the know. What they can’t see is that the scene is still going strong but has, in part, gone underground with semi-private play parties.

“I could tell you without blinking an eye that any given point in San Francisco after 6 p.m. there is some kind of BDSM-orientated sex party happening,” Edwin Morales, president of the board of directors for Folsom Street Events, told me. “While it might not be at a venue; it might be at a private home. That scene is very much alive, very much well, and with the advent of all of the social media dating apps, it is stronger and stronger.”

Calling the greater fetish community, the leather community, only adds to misconception about its decline. The label is used by some as a catch-all for kink, which doesn’t make sense since today the scene has expanded to all sorts of other fetishes like rubber, skin, and puppy play, which don’t depend on leather garb per se.

Even when I think leather man, old-school images flash through my mind, reminiscent of those Tom of Finland illustrations Musto brought up: beefy men with bubble butts, sporting peaked officer’s caps, leather breeches, and black boots.

“There’s all kinds of other ways of looking besides ‘the leather look’ that people in the kink scene relate to,” Bannon explained, “and so I think we have this iconographic image of leather men, proliferated by Drummer [magazine] culture and a certain slice and time of gay male culture but that’s not here anymore. There are guys that certainly look that way and dress that way—sometimes I’m one of them—but they are not the norm.”

In the same way that the leather scene doesn’t represent the entire kink community, leather men don’t represent all kinky players. So the real question is, what does it mean to be a real player—a serious participant—in this current kink climate?

“A player is someone for whom their kink, BDSM fetish desires are at least, to some extent, at the core of their sexuality,” Bannon said. “A player is someone who really fuckin’ does it. They don’t just dress-up, they really actually dive in and do it.”

As Morales points out, people always tend to look nostalgically at the past, particularly with the kink scene. New York’s Meatpacking District that housed such infamous sex clubs as the Mineshaft is no more, left only to legend; San Francisco’s leather bar The Tool Box, which was infamously featured in a 1964 issue of Life magazine, is now a Whole Foods. As a result, the scene is not nearly as visible as it was and there’s far more posing going on in the bars and clubs. But that’s no reason to lament. Leather and the larger kink scene is far from dead. It just takes a more discerning eye to see it.

Read more of Outward's Visibility Issue.


          Jaseur boréal (Finlande) - Waxwing (Finland)   

happybirds.ch posted a photo:

Jaseur boréal (Finlande) - Waxwing (Finland)


          Europe Forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 10:13   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          248876-2017: Finlande-Espoo: Équipement de commande des processus industriels et matériel de télécommande   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 07-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          Moominmamma’s Maid - Tove Jansson (Original comic strips 1956; 2015)   







I first became aware of Tove Jansson and her Moomins about seven years ago when a new colleague at the library revealed her Moomin tattoo. It was very striking and enticingly unfamiliar. She filled me in on both the Moomins and Tove Jansson, enthusing greatly about their weird charms, but unfortunately and somewhat typically it has taken me this long to actually read one of the Moomin books. I’m a notorious late starter, but really I had little chance of being exposed to such strange children’s literature growing up in the West Australian countryside in the 1970’s, particularly to an author from Finland, which seems exotic to me even now.

The Moomins are fabulous creatures that look like sophisticated hippos, with big rounded snouts and bellies and of course they are all totally kooky. During the course of Moominmamma’s Maid they reveal to their new neighbor, a certain Mrs Fillyjonk, that they are “...very fond of make-believe...” and that they have a tree growing inside their house because they simply can’t bear to fell it. The Moomins love to throw wild parties in which everything is happening all at once, including fireworks; they have a jungle for a back yard and also wash their dishes in the sea. Into this playful chaos comes the newly hired maid Misabel, accompanied by her unhappy dog - Pimple, whom harbours a shameful secret. Misabel is scared of everything and is also terribly neurotic. A great deal of humour is generated by the clash between Misabel’s fear of life and the Moomins happy-go-lucky nature. Of course there lies the message for both children and adults alike - be yourself, face your fears and have some fun while you are at it.








It is somewhat of a cliche for children’s books to carry an underlying serious message, however Jansson’s idiosyncratic artwork and odd way of telling a story carries the message home in a uniquely natural style. The artwork is beautiful and the general tone is one of gentle eccentricity. The Moomins world is fun-filled and appealing, but also has psychological and allegorical depth. This is a hard trick to pull off and I’m sure that it would have won me over as a child; I recall that I was always suspicious of any books or TV shows that had a message, I would roll my childish eyes and display my immature version of cynicism (I started early and grew out of it by my mid twenties). I’m sure that cynicism does not even feature in the Moomins vocabulary, nor Jansson’s for that matter. 

Moominmamma’s Maid is taken from Moomin comic book series that were originally published in the Evening News in the mid 1950s. No doubt the coulourful adventures of the Moonins would have been just the thing for a weary post war Britain. For myself it provided some Nordic whimsical relief from Franco satire and a weird counterpoint to Germaine Greer’s The Female Eunuch (1970), a book I only just finished yesterday.

          O CANADA AVOIDS GENDER NEUTRAL LIBERAL POLITICALLY CORRECT REDICULAS NONESENSE UNTILL NEXT YEAR AT LEAST.   
JEWISH KING JESUS IS COMING AT THE RAPTURE FOR US IN THE CLOUDS-DON'T MISS IT FOR THE WORLD.THE BIBLE TAKEN LITERALLY- WHEN THE PLAIN SENSE MAKES GOOD SENSE-SEEK NO OTHER SENSE-LEST YOU END UP IN NONSENSE.GET SAVED NOW- CALL ON JESUS TODAY.THE ONLY SAVIOR OF THE WHOLE EARTH - NO OTHER. 1 COR 15:23-JESUS THE FIRST FRUITS-CHRISTIANS RAPTURED TO JESUS-FIRST FRUITS OF THE SPIRIT-23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.ROMANS 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.(THE PRE-TRIB RAPTURE)

Dreams of a gender-neutral O Canada are over — for now-[CBC]-YAHOONEWS-June 28, 2017

Canadians will not be singing a gender-neutral national anthem on Canada Day after a bill before Parliament to officially change the lyrics has stalled.The House of Commons overwhelmingly passed a private member's bill last summer that would alter the national anthem by replacing "in all thy sons command" with "in all of us command" as part of a push to strike gendered language from O Canada.Although the bill sailed through the House with government approval, Conservative senators opposed to the changes have scored a victory in the Red Chamber. A yearlong campaign successfully punted a vote on the bill until the fall, at the earliest, and even then the legislation faces an uncertain future."I'm trying to protect the tradition rather than, you know, water it down with a politically correct version that is historically inaccurate," Conservative Senator David Wells said in an interview with CBC News on Tuesday."I don't misrepresent why I'm [using parliamentary stall tactics] … I don't like this bill, and I will do what I can to ensure it doesn't pass."Wells and a number of other senators have said they oppose efforts to tinker with the lyrics written by a man long dead.(The lyrics have been changed since they were first penned by Robert Stanley Weir in 1908, but not since O Canada officially became the country's national anthem in 1980.) The late Liberal MP Mauril Bélanger introduced the bill, and many MPs backed the legislation as a salute to a colleague on his death bed."The bill was passed in the House compassionately and out of sadness for a dying colleague. While that is touching, it is not the way we make public policy in this country and it is not the way we do our legislation," Ontario Conservative Senator Lynn Beyak said.A flurry of amendments were introduced to the bill in the last few weeks of the parliamentary sitting — all failed to pass in the face of opposition from most Liberal and Independent senators — which dragged out debate considerably. Parliament rose for summer break before a final vote at third reading could be held.Ramona Lumpkin, the chancellor of Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax, and a strong proponent of the bill, said she was deeply disappointed by the developments."We're so close and I really regret that there are a few senators who seem to have dug in and decided to delay. I hope it's not a permanent block," said Lumpkin, in an interview with CBC News."It's not as if the words were brought down from Mount Sinai on stone tablets like the Ten Commandments, they are words created by humans and subject to change as our social and cultural conditions change, and thank goodness they do," she said.Wells said national symbols cannot be altered to simply adhere to the "flavour of the day." He said Canadians were not consulted by the government and that there hasn't been an adequate conversation about a fairly significant change."I'll be working my hardest to delay this bill until there's a full debate," he said. "I get a lot of emails, and many comments to me personally, from people who don't want to see the anthem change, who see it as a part of our tradition and who see this attempt to change it as political correctness run amok. It is a slippery slope. Calls for inclusion will always be there, but my belief is all Canadians are already included in the national anthem."He said pictures adorning the walls of the Senate depict men in combat during the First World War. "Would we now airbrush females into those pictures to accurately reflect what it might be today with those pieces of Canadians' history? My answer is no, that would be an abomination, and I think that's what it is with the anthem as well."If the bill is amended in the Senate it would be sent back to the House for another vote. As per parliamentary rules, because Bélanger is dead, MPs will have to unanimously agree to replace him as sponsor or the bill drops from the order paper; that is unlikely given entrenched opposition from some corners of the chamber."That worries me," Lumpkin said. "I know language matters and I talk to students and young women regularly who still feel their voice doesn't carry as strong as the voice of their male friends. I think the gesture, even though it's symbolic, would say a lot to those young women."The Liberal government could also choose to introduce legislation of its own — with the same wording — to avoid some of the problems that often befall private member's bills; namely, the government could invoke time allocation to prevent procedural time delays.

DANIEL 7:23-24
23 Thus he said, The fourth beast (EU,REVIVED ROME) shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth,(7TH WORLD EMPIRE) which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.(TRADING BLOCKS-10 WORLD REGIONS/TRADE BLOCS)
24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings(10 NATIONS-10 WORLD DIVISION WORLD GOVERNMENT) that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.(EITHER THE EUROPEAN UNION DICTATOR BOOTS 3 COUNTRIES FROM THE EU OR THE DICTATOR TAKES OVER THE WORLD ECONOMY BY CONTROLLING 3 WORLD TRADE BLOCS)

REVELATION 17:9-13
9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.(THE VATICAN IS BUILT ON 7 HILLS OR MOUNTAINS)
10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen,(1-ASSYRIA,2-EGYPT,3-BABYLON,4-MEDO-PERSIA,5-GREECE) and one is,(IN POWER IN JOHNS AND JESUS DAY-6-ROME) and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.(7TH-REVIVED ROMAN EMPIRE OR THE EUROPEAN UNION TODAY AND THE SHORT SPACE IS-7 YEARS.THE EUROPEAN UNION WILL HAVE WORLD CONTROL FOR THE LAST 3 1/2 YEARS.BUT WILL HAVE ITS MIGHTY WORLD POWER FOR THE FULL 7 YEARS OF THE 7 YEAR TRIBULATION PERIOD.AND THE WORLD DICTATOR WILL BE THE BEAST FROM THE EU.AND THE VATICAN POPE WILL BE THE WHORE THAT RIDES THE EUROPEAN UNION TO POWER.AND THE 2 EUROPEAN UNION POWER FREAKS WILL CONTROL AND DECIEVE THE WHOLE EARTH INTO THEIR DESTRUCTION.IF YOU ARE NOT SAVED BY THE BLOOD OF JESUS.YOU WILL BE DECIEVED BY THESE TWO.THE WORLD POLITICIAN-THE EUROPEAN UNION DICTATOR.AND THE FALSE PROPHET THAT DEFECTS CHRISTIANITY-THE FALSE VATICAN POPE.
11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.
12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.
13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.

Heres the scripture 1 week = 7 yrs Genesis 29:27-29
27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.
28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week:(7 YEARS) and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.
29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be her maid.

DANIEL 9:26-27
26 And after threescore and two weeks(62X7=434 YEARS+7X7=49 YEARS=TOTAL OF 69 WEEKS OR 483 YRS) shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;(ROMAN LEADERS DESTROYED THE 2ND TEMPLE) and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.(THERE HAS TO BE 70 WEEKS OR 490 YRS TO FUFILL THE VISION AND PROPHECY OF DAN 9:24).(THE NEXT VERSE IS THAT 7 YR WEEK OR (70TH FINAL WEEK).
27 And he ( THE ROMAN,EU PRESIDENT) shall confirm the covenant (PEACE TREATY) with many for one week:(1X7=7 YEARS) and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,(3 1/2 yrs in TEMPLE ANIMAL SACRIFICES STOPPED) and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

Opinion-G20 is 'test run' for Trump-era climate governance By Simon Schunz-euobserver

BRUSSELS, 27. Jun, 09:06-Weeks after US president Donald Trump announced the US' withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement, the debate is still raging on in regard to the possible implications of his decision.Some fear a global domino effect, with more countries renouncing climate protection pledges and ceasing domestic emission reduction efforts.Others argue that the Paris accord's architecture is sufficiently resilient, and that efforts to keep global temperature increases to "well below 2°C" – as stipulated by the agreement – will endure.Activities at the sub-national level in the US also seem to support the argument that the agreement will prevail and domestic opponents of Trump’s decision have mobilised remarkably quickly.Cities and states with progressive climate policies joined forces across the US, committing themselves to honouring the Paris agreement.For instance, support came via the bipartisan "US Climate Alliance" of states – including heavyweights such as California and New York – and the "We Are Still In" initiative, which involves hundreds of businesses, investors, and institutes of higher education.Moreover, these sub-national players are linking up with leading nations to create innovative climate diplomacy networks: California and China have held talks to collaborate on emission reduction efforts, while several US states have intensified climate cooperation with Canada.Though these developments enhance the Paris agreement’s chances of survival, they will not be enough.Fight for survival-The resilience of the agreement hinges on how other major emitters will react to Trump’s break.To pursue effective global climate governance, these countries must repeat the steps taken in the run-up to the 2015 Paris climate meeting, where a strategy of "multiple bilateralism" between US-China, China-India and China-EU (among others) served to build trust and resolve crunch issues.The emerging consensus among key emitters was translated into cooperation in the world’s club governance fora (G7, G20) and fed into the multilateral negotiations, leading to the Paris agreement’s ultimate entry into force.True to this spirit, six members (plus the EU) were already pressuring the US to remain committed to the Paris agreement at the recent G7 summit in Sicily. Not that it seemed to do much good, as Trump withdrew from the climate pact a few days later.The next litmus test for effective global climate governance comes in July, when leaders from countries accounting for 80% of global emissions meet for the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, on 7-8 July.With the US thrusting itself into isolation, the German G20 presidency will seek to gather the broadest possible support for the Paris agreement.But a question remains: is a G20 entente possible? It might be, if others show the way.Climate leaders-From the G7, the EU and Canada display the clearest leadership ambitions.EU heavyweights have signalled their "strongest commitment" to uphold their pledges to combat climate change.In his reaction to Trump’s Paris exit, Canada's prime minister, Justin Trudeau, confirmed his country's "unwavering commitment to fight climate change".The Canadian government has also vehemently denied recent reports that Trudeau wished to scrap references to climate from the draft G20 declaration, in order to appease the US government.But leaders need followers. And whether followers can be mobilised depends on how G20 members define their interests – economically and politically.Economically, many G20 countries appear to believe the energy transition – accelerated by the Paris Agreement – must continue.Investing in low-carbon development is no longer seen as a burden on growth prospects. If anything, there is a growing consensus that Trump’s decision will put the US at risk of lagging behind technologically.Politically, the relationship between G20 countries and the US (particularly the Trump administration) is tricky.Are countries like Australia, Japan, Turkey and the UK willing to risk relations with the president of a key ally by adopting a confrontational attitude over climate change? The answer depends heavily on whether the German G20 presidency can dispel their concerns by convincingly demonstrating that the world is changing – because it is.-Changing world-At an EU-China summit the day after Trump’s announcement, a draft joint declaration on climate change characterised the Paris Agreement as “an historic achievement further accelerating the irreversible global low greenhouse gas emission and climate resilient development” and outlined numerous joint actions.Although it was ultimately withheld due to trade-related differences, this declaration contains the blueprint for a shifting centre of gravity in global climate governance to Eurasia.If supported by India's prime minister, Narendra Modi, who has reiterated support for the Paris Agreement, a solid pro-climate coalition including three of the world’s top four emitters would emerge.Cooperation with Canada, and with the sub-national forces in the US, could then provide additional momentum to convince other G20 members.As a major guiding forum, the G20 represents a test run for the future of global climate governance during the Trump era.The direction this governance will take, depends heavily on the strength of emerging partnerships, and their ability to convince others to join them regardless of US policies.If the will is robust enough, this "multiple bilateralism" could bring about the dawn of a new era, and the successful implementation of the Paris Agreement.If it fails, however, global climate politics faces a complicated, daunting future.Dr Simon Schunz is a Research Fellow at the United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS), and a professor of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies at the College of Europe in Bruges. He is also a visiting professor at the University of Leuven.

Opinion-EU parliament should befriend transparency By Sylvie GUILLAUME and Danuta HUEBNER-euobserver

BRUSSELS, 27. Jun, 17:24-A few days ago, an NGO representative expressed her concerns about the way the European Parliament was dealing with the European Commission’s proposal for a revised inter-institutional agreement on a “mandatory transparency register”.The proposal was submitted by the EU commission on 28 September 2016 and aimed at including the Council of the EU, where representatives of member states sit, as a new partner within the framework.Following the commission's proposal, the EU parliament’s Conference of Presidents entrusted us, as the responsible lead negotiators - supported by a contact group composed of one MEP from each political group - with developing a draft negotiating mandate.We organised five contact group meetings, where detailed discussions provided the opportunity for all political groups to give their input and ideas. It led to the endorsement of a balanced text on 11 April this year.We enriched our deliberations by means of a half-day meeting between the contact group and the involved NGO representatives - including Nina Katzemich from the website LobbyControl, and others from organisations such as Transparency International, Civil Society Europe and Corporate Europe Observatory.We listened carefully to their concerns, many of which we had already incorporated into our work, such as the necessity to enlarge the definition of lobbying and to include an independent observer in the management structure of the transparency register.We also discussed how we to pursue the negotiations with the EU commission and the council in order to get those concerns taken on board.Instead of the expected swift adoption of the mandate, which would signal the parliament’s readiness to enter into negotiations, we were deeply troubled to find that the item had been taken off the agenda of the Conference of Presidents on successive occasions.-Horse-trading-It appeared that some MEPs used procedural manoeuvres and political horse-trading to achieve repeated postponements of the adoption of the mandate, even though a large majority in parliament supported its content.It seems that it is sometimes those who believe themselves to be on the path of righteousness, who are most willing to misuse our system of procedures to score cheap political points.We found it disturbing that some wilfully ignored parliament’s power to determine its own internal organisation.It has also saddened us to see that some of those who claim to be at the forefront of stemming the tide of populism, do not seem to mind riding on that very same tide when it serves their own political ends.However, we were glad to see that the Conference of Presidents finally adopted the mandate two weeks ago on 15 June, in the very same form that had been proposed by the contact group.Following its adoption, the mandate was immediately published on the EU parliament’s website.Regarding the free and independent mandate of MEPs - enshrined in EU primary law - it is noteworthy that the independence of elected representatives is a cornerstone of a representative democracy and a principle this is not easily dismissed.Therefore, any limitation on MEPs in the exercise of their free mandate must be proportionate and cannot, for example, unduly restrict his or her right to seek information.Moreover, a principle enshrined in primary law cannot be altered by secondary law, let alone by an inter-institutional agreement.The mandate adopted on 15 June is based on a long line of parliament’s decisions regarding its relations with interest representatives.It reflects the position of a broad majority of MEPs and it constitutes a solid base for negotiations on a significant improvement to the current transparency register and a widening of its scope.-Negotiating framework-The mandate should be understood as a framework for the negotiations.Parliament’s position will continue to be adapted as the negotiations progress. Once the negotiations are concluded, parliament will adopt follow-up decisions with respect to its internal organisation, in order to implement the new inter‑institutional agreement.But the European Parliament still remains committed to pushing for a transparency regulation that would go beyond an inter-institutional agreement and lay down the relevant provisions on transparency and the register in secondary law.One should not forget the progress that parliament has achieved so far in this field. It initiated the Transparency Register as early as 1996, as well as a Code of Conduct with a commitment for registered lobbyists to act in accordance with high ethical standards.Parliament is, and remains, the most open EU institution, which can be seen with the web-streaming of its meetings and the ability for citizens to visit all of its buildings.Furthermore, parliament decided that registration on the transparency register was to be made a requirement to be invited as a speaker at committee hearings and to receive a long-term access badge for its premises.It also put in place a voluntary legislative footprint last year, and it encourages its MEPs to meet only with registered organisations.Katzemich considers the EU commission to have made a big step in 2015 by publishing meetings of commissioners, heads of cabinets and directors‑general.Certainly, this is true. However, this measure was decided by the commission with a view to its own internal organisation and cannot be easily translated to other institutions such as EU parliament or the council, both of which have a different set-up.Furthermore, the commission’s system is not without its flaws and has room for improvement, as Transparency International and other organisations regularly report.As the EU parliament's lead negotiators, we are particularly committed to getting the council on board and to adding significant value compared to the current framework.Three principles-A new register should encompass the following three principles.First, the widest possible scope of application for EU institutions and other bodies, including meaningful participation of the council.Next, a comprehensive and clear framework, without weakening the current system, for the regulation of interest representation activities.Finally, structures and resources that guarantee effective implementation.One of the main issues is that the new inter-institutional agreement provides a framework for coordination among the EU institutions, while at the same time fully respecting their different competences and prerogatives.-The mandate-The approach we have developed in our mandate would allow for:- The full respect of MEPs' independent mandate.- An inclusive transparency policy for all types of interest representative, as with the current register that features over 11200 registered interest groups from all over the world.- The possibility to maintain the wider definition of lobbying, covering both direct and indirect interest representation (as with the current system).- The full respect for each institutions’ needs, e.g. in the case of parliament as an open house but also with the need to know, for security reasons, who is coming in and why.- More flexibility in respect to the EU institutions’ roles and structures (parliament cannot simply duplicate rules that were designed for the commission).- Better quality information on the database – making the register more reliable as a source of information for the institutions themselves and for the general public.The quality of the new system will depend on how far the council can be convinced to match the parliament’s and commission’s commitment to transparency.We would therefore advise to look at the whole picture and analyse the situation comprehensively, especially with a view to scrutinising the council’s approach.It takes time to change long-standing practices, but we are fully committed to forge ahead, knowing that a pragmatic and constructive approach will yield the best results.Transparency certainly is one important aspect of ensuring citizens’ trust in the EU institutions. But it is not the only one. Keeping true to the facts is another.Sylvie Guillaume is a vice-president of the European Parliament, and Danuta Huebner is the chair of the constitutional affairs committee-Correction: The article's footnote originally said that Danuta Huebner is the chair of the foreign affairs committee, when in fact, she is the chair of the constitutional affairs committee

EU Commission could get say on Russia gas pipeline By Andrew Rettman-euobserver

BRUSSELS, 27. Jun, 09:29-EU states have given initial backing for the European Commission to negotiate the legal model of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline with Russia.Pablo Micallef, a spokesman for the Maltese EU presidency, told EUobserver that “some 13” member states spoke out on the plan when EU energy ministers met for informal talks in Brussels on Monday.The incoming Estonian EU presidency is now expected to convene a working group to take things forward.The Danish energy minister, Lars Christian Lilleholt, who was among the 13 EU backers, said: “I’m very satisfied. It was the best thing that could have come out of the meeting”.The mandate will have to be formally approved later down the line in a “reinforced qualified majority” vote by member states, a higher than usual threshold of 72 percent of EU countries representing 65 percent of its population.Maros Sefcovic, the EU energy commissioner who drafted the proposal, told the Reuters news agency: “I’m definitely optimistic about getting the [formal] mandate, but I know this is just the beginning of the debate."Nord Stream 2 is to concentrate 70 percent of Russian gas supplies to Europe in one route to Germany under the Baltic Sea.But its critics, which include the Nordic states, the Baltic countries, Poland, and the US, say it would harm EU energy security and undermine Ukraine, a Western ally, by making Ukraine’s transit pipes obsolete.-EU laws-Anna-Kaisa Itkonen, the Commission’s energy spokeswoman, told EUobserver on Tuesday that the Commission wanted to talk to Russia on whether the offshore part of Nord Stream 2 should be covered by the EU’s so-called third energy package.That EU law would oblige Russian state firm Gazprom to open up its Nord Stream 2 monopoly to EU competitors - a demand which led Russia to stop a previous project, the South Stream pipeline under the Black Sea to Bulgaria.But Itkonen said the talks would “not [be] about a [Commission] veto, it is not about the future of the pipeline, not about the Commission approving it or not”.She said the Commission-Russia talks would be designed to give “legal certainty” on Nord Stream 2 and that they would be “nothing spectacular or extraordinary” because EU officials had held similar discussions with “third countries” on other projects.The Nord Stream 2 regulatory framework is currently being negotiated between Germany and Russia.German, Austrian, French, and Anglo-Dutch firms - Uniper, Wintershall, OMV, Engie, and Shell - are to take part in the project, with Germany and Austria keen to press ahead.Neither the German nor the Austrian minister spoke out on Monday, EU sources told Reuters, but Germany and Austria recently attacked the US over its threat to impose sanctions on Nord Stream 2 investors.“We decide who supplies us with energy and how they do it”, the German and Austrian foreign ministers said in a joint statement on 15 June.-Ukraine unhappy-Pavlo Klimkin, the Ukrainian foreign minister, told Reuters in Paris on Monday that Nord Stream 2 "would have disastrous consequences for the energy security of the European Union and would make the EU dependent on one source.""Maybe some companies will benefit for the time being, but in the long-run it will lead nowhere”, he said.He added that there was no progress on Russia ending hostilities in east Ukraine."How can you trust Russia in setting up a unique source of gas supply?”, he said, referring to broader EU and US concerns over Russia’s aggressive behaviour toward neighbouring states.

Focus-Nordics consider alternative to EU emissions trading system By Lisbeth Kirk-june 28,17-euobserver

Copenhagen, Today, 07:44-If the European emissions trading system is not reformed to work efficiently, a Nordic carbon price floor could be introduced to secure future green investments in the region, according to a new strategic review of energy co-operation by the Nordic Council.The plan, which has been in preparation for over a year, is penned by Finnish businessman Jorma Ollila, who had formerly chaired Royal Dutch Shell for almost ten years and was the chairman and CEO of Nokia.It comes at a crucial time, just as the final talks on reforming the EU's carbon trading scheme are due to take place in Brussels.On Tuesday (27 June), representatives of the EU member states, the European Parliament and the European Commission met for one of the final meetings on how the EU’s flagship climate instrument – the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) – should look in the 2021-2030 period.But before the real talks have even started, hopes of reforming the EU system to work efficiently are fading.”I think everyone realises that this is not enough. The [EU] proposal will not deliver a carbon price that we need to decarbonise the industry sectors,” said Femke de Jong, EU policy director for Carbon Market Watch.Her organisation brings together more than 800 NGOs and academics from 70 different countries, working to make the carbon market “an effective climate mitigation tool.””I think it is only logical to have a debate on how we can complement the system. A carbon floor price – at least at the regional level – seems a realistic option,” de Jong said.-Nordic energy union-Norway and Sweden are strong on hydropower, Norway produces oil and gas, Denmark has wind, while Finland and Sweden have built nuclear plants and are pushing for more bio-fuels as a future energy resource.Some 20 years ago, these countries decided to connect their national electricity grids with water reservoirs, allowing hydropower to serve as a kind of Nordic battery to compensate for periods without wind, for example.”There were significant benefits, welfare benefits, lower electricity prices and easier management of the generation of electricity in tough times or during high peak demand in winter times,” Ollila pointed out.This Nordic solution, Ollila said, has been "managed historically very well". He added that since the EU is looking into different prospects for the energy union, there is an opportunity to learn from "what has been done in Nordic countries over the past 20 years."In addition to Nordic carbon trade, Ollila also suggested a Nordic export strategy for green energy solutions, alignment of research and using the whole Nordic area as a testbed.Nuuk in Greenland has been suggested to become a testbed for the full deployment of electric vehicles, and Reykjavik in Iceland may become a testing ground for infrastructure and systems that can support electrification of visiting cruise and fishing ships.The Faroe Islands may become the place for the development of battery technology and energy storage.-Green transition and growth-Put together, the Nordic region today is one of the 12 largest economies in the world and it is already living proof that the green transition is not incompatible with economic growth.However, the Nordics must become even greener to complete their transition into renewable energy, the Nordic Council report said."The energy transition is already underway – but if the Nordic countries do not participate to the fullest, the jobs will be created elsewhere," warned Jorma Ollila."The renewables will take off faster than what was thought only five years ago. So, the role of the renewables will grow quite significantly," he added."The focus should be on securing the most efficient green transition. If the ETS does not provide this, it may be relevant and timely to discuss a joint Nordic approach to support the schemes for renewable energy," Ollila's report concluded.”Another approach could be to discuss the introduction of a Nordic carbon price, based on the United Kingdom’s carbon price floor, in order to secure stronger incentives for the green transition,” it said.-UK leads the way-The prospect of a regionalised European carbon trading system in the future is not limited to the Nordic area. For instance, the UK already introduced a carbon price floor in 2013.”So far, the only country in Europe that has a carbon floor price is the UK. There it was very effective. They introduced a carbon floor price in 2013 and it has resulted in UK coal emissions falling by almost 60% last year," Femke de Jong said, adding: "So it is really significant."She goes on to say that: "It can be a very effective instrument to – at least in the intermediate time – to make sure that the carbon price reflects the damage cost of the pollution to the society.”Under the UK carbon floor price system, carbon emission prices rise automatically – currently at 18 pounds sterling (€20) from 2016 to 2020.Currently the carbon price in Europe stands at €5, but it should rise to €40 to meet the objectives of the Paris climate agreement and rise further to €100 in 2030.-Regional carbon trade-”Ideally, this should be solved at the EU level, but if this is not possible in the short-term, it makes sense to go for a regional solution,” de Jong said.”France has been pushing for it very much in the past and we think that now, with Macron [as president of France], he will also push for that," she added."Let's see," she said, "maybe after the German elections, there can also be a regional carbon price in Western Europe – with Germany, maybe Belgium, the Netherlands and France."Linking the Nordic carbon trade to the British system might be made complicated by the Brexit process, however.”I think it might be tricky for the Nordic countries to join the UK system,” said de Jong.”It is still an open question if the UK will withdraw from the ETS or not. Maybe it is also an idea to team up more with other countries that are contemplating this,” she suggested.

Luxembourg not a tax haven, claims PM By Nikolaj Nielsen-june 28,17-euobserver

Luxembourg, Today, 08:42-Luxembourg continues to refute any notion that it is a tax haven, despite widespread evidence of dubious schemes that it cuts global tax bills for big firms."We were never a tax haven," Luxembourg's prime minister, Xavier Bettel, told EUobserver on Tuesday (27 June).Bettel's comments follow a grilling of Luxembourg's former prime minister and current European Commission president, Jean-Claude Juncker. Juncker in late May told the European Parliament that he was unable to explain why the Grand Duchy "didn't want to remove tax secrecy."But Bettel, who was fielding a wide range of questions from reporters at an event hosted by the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg, defended the country's tax policies by saying it was one of the first places to push transparency and the exchange of tax rulings with other member states."It is important for me that we have common rules and Luxembourg was one of the first one for transparency," he said.Luxembourg was rocked by scandal following media revelations in late 2014 that exposed how nearly 340 companies secured secret deals that shaved billions of euros from taxes, which were due to be paid elsewhere.The revelations ushered in a raft of new EU and national legislation to increase tax transparency and weed out abuse.The scandal also triggered a probe by the European Parliament, which slammed Luxembourg for allowing corporations to dodge "tax that could have been used to build schools, hospitals or pay down national debt."A report by the Brussels-based NGO, Eurodad, had also revealed last December that Luxembourg had in fact increased the number of so-called tax rulings in the wake of the 2014 media revelations by some 50 percent.The issue saw former PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) employee Antoine Deltour face prison time for leaking the secret rules to the media, posing larger questions on whistleblower protection laws.But Bettel maintained that his country was fully compliant with tax standards and had not committed a crime."There are over 20 countries in Europe doing [tax] rulings," he noted, echoing a similar refrain to his predecessor, Juncker.Luxembourg, under Juncker's decade-long leadership of the country, had also repeatedly blocked the rolling back of aggressive tax planning schemes throughout the EU, according to a cache of German cables leaked earlier this year.Bettel also opposes any pan-EU taxation system and refuses to impose any sort of tax on financial transactions.The financial transaction tax, also known as the FTT, aims to raise money for the public good by imposing a 0.1 percent tax on shares and bonds, and 0.01 percent on derivative products."I am fully against and I will block that," said Bettel. But he noted that other member states are free to move ahead on the file as part of a two-speed Europe.He also added that people in Luxembourg should not have to pay more tax only "because other countries were not responsible with public finances."

New cyberattack wallops Europe; spreads more slowly in US-[The Canadian Press]-YAHOONEWS-June 27, 2017

PARIS — A new and highly virulent outbreak of data-scrambling software — apparently sown in Ukraine — caused disruption across the world Tuesday. Following a similar attack in May , the fresh cyber-assault paralyzed some hospitals, government offices and major multinational corporations in a dramatic demonstration of how easily malicious programs can bring daily life to a halt.Ukraine and Russia appeared hardest hit by the new strain of ransomware — malicious software that locks up computer files with all-but-unbreakable encryption and then demands a ransom for its release. In the United States, the malware affected companies such as the drugmaker Merck and Mondelez International, the owner of food brands such as Oreo and Nabisco.Its pace appeared to slow as the day wore on, in part because the malware appeared to require direct contact between computer networks, a factor that may have limited its spread in regions with fewer connections to Ukraine.The malware's origins remain unclear. Researchers picking the program apart found evidence its creators had borrowed from leaked National Security Agency code, raising the possibility that the digital havoc had spread using U.S. taxpayer-funded tools."The virus is spreading all over Europe and I'm afraid it can harm the whole world," said Victor Zhora, the chief executive of Infosafe IT in Kyiv , where reports of the malicious software first emerged early afternoon local time Tuesday.In Ukraine, victims included top-level government offices, where officials posted photos of darkened computer screens, as well as energy companies, banks, cash machines, gas stations, and supermarkets. Ukrainian Railways and the communications company Ukrtelecom were among major enterprises hit, Infrastructure Minister Volodymyr Omelyan said in a Facebook post .The virus hit the radiation-monitoring at Ukraine's shuttered Chornobyl power plant, site of the world's worst nuclear accident, forcing it into manual operation.Multinational companies, including the global law firm DLA Piper and Danish shipping giant A.P. Moller-Maersk were also affected, although the firms didn't specify the extent of the damage.Ukraine bore the brunt with more than 60 per cent of the attacks, followed by Russia with more than 30 per cent , according to initial findings by researchers at the cybersecurity firm Kaspersky Lab. It listed Poland, Italy and Germany, in that order, as the next-worst affected.In the U.S, two hospitals in western Pennsylvania were hit; patients reported on social media that some surgeries had to be rescheduled. A spokeswoman for Heritage Valley Health System would say only that operational changes had to be made. A Wellsville, Ohio, woman at one of its hospitals to have her gallbladder removed said she noticed computer monitors off and nurses scurrying around with stacks of paperwork.Security experts said Tuesday's global cyberattack shares something in common with last month's outbreak of ransomware, dubbed WannaCry . Both spread using digital lock picks originally created by the NSA and later published to the web by a still-mysterious group known as the Shadowbrokers.Security vendors including Bitdefender and Kaspersky said the NSA exploit, known as EternalBlue, lets malware spread rapidly across internal networks at companies and other large organizations. Microsoft issued a security fix in March, but Chris Wysopal, chief technology officer at the security firm Veracode, said it would only be effective if every single computer on a network were patched — otherwise, a single infected machine could infect all others."Once activated, the virus can automatically and freely distribute itself on your network," Ukraine's cyberpolice tweeted.Bogdan Botezatu, an analyst with Bitdefender, compared such self-spreading software to a contagious disease. "It's like somebody sneezing into a train full of people," he said.Ryan Kalember, a security expert at Proofpoint, said one reason the attacks appeared to be slowing down was that the ransomware appears to spread only when a direct contact exists between two networks — such as when a global company's Ukraine office interacts with headquarters.But once it hits a computer on a network, it spreads quickly, even among computers that have applied the fix for the NSA exploit."It's more harmful to the organization that it affects, but because it's not randomly spreading over the internet like WannaCry, it's somewhat contained to the organizations that were connected to each other," Kalember said.Botezatu said the new program appeared nearly identical to GoldenEye, a variant of a known family of hostage-taking programs known as "Petya." It demanded $300 in Bitcoin.Unlike typical ransomware, which merely scrambles personal data files, the program wreaking havoc Tuesday overwrites a computer's master boot record, making it tougher to restore even a machine that has been backed up, said Kalember.It may have first spread through a rogue update to a piece of Ukrainian accounting software called MEDoc, according to tweets by the country's cyberpolice unit. It said a rogue update seeded the infection across Ukraine. In a lengthy statement posted to Facebook, MEDoc acknowledged having been hacked.The motives of those behind the malware remain unknown. Ukraine has been a persistent target of pro-Russian hackers, who are blamed for twice shutting down large swaths of its power grid in the dead of winter and sabotaging its elections system in a bid to disrupt May 2014 national elections.Emails sent Tuesday to an address posted to the bottom of ransom demands went unreturned. That might be because the email provider hosting that address, Berlin-based Posteo, pulled the plug on the account before the infection became widely known.In an email, a Posteo representative said it had blocked the email address "immediately" after learning that it was associated with ransomware. The company added that it was in contact with German authorities "to make sure that we react properly."___Bajak reported from Houston. Associated Press writers Anick Jesdanun in New York, Vladimir Isachenkov in Moscow, Larry Rosenthal in Beaver, Pennsylvania and Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen, Denmark, contributed to this report.Raphael Satter And Frank Bajak, The Associated Press.

Trudeau appoints his first climate change ambassador with revamped mandate-[The Canadian Press]-YAHOONEWS-June 27, 2017

OTTAWA — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has tapped a long-time Canadian diplomat to step into a revamped role of Canada's ambassador for climate change.Canada hasn't had such an ambassador since January 2015.Jennifer MacIntyre fills the role as of Tuesday, with a mandate to push Canada's international relationships on the climate change file, including promoting Canadian clean technology businesses abroad.She is the fifth person to hold the title of ambassador for climate change — but the first where the role is not the equivalent of Canada's chief negotiator for climate change treaties.As such she will not be on hand next week when Trudeau sits down with other G20 leaders in Germany where the Paris climate change agreement will be front and centre.Instead her role is to find ways for Canada to take advantage of any international opportunities for trade and investment that climate change policies bring.MacIntyre spent most of the last four years as the ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.The Canadian Press.

NATO chief: US allies to spend $12 billion more this year-[The Canadian Press]-YAHOONEWS-June 28, 2017

BRUSSELS — NATO's chief says U.S. allies are projected to spend around $12 billion more on defence this year, after President Donald Trump berated them for failing to boost military budgets.NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said Wednesday that "we have really shifted gears. The (spending) trend is up and we intend to keep it up."Unveiling new figures, Stoltenberg said European allies and Canada have increased spending by almost $46 billion over the last three years.He said 25 of NATO's 29 allies aim to raise defence spending in 2017.Only the United States, Britain, Estonia, debt-burden Greece and Poland met NATO's spending targets last year. Romania says it will meet the 2 per cent of GDP guideline this year, while Latvia and Lithuania plan to in 2018.The Associated Press.

STORMS HURRICANES-TORNADOES

LUKE 21:25-26
25 And there shall be signs in the sun,(HEATING UP-SOLAR ECLIPSES) and in the moon,(MAN ON MOON-LUNAR ECLIPSES) and in the stars;(ASTEROIDS ETC) and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity;(MASS CONFUSION) the sea and the waves roaring;(FIERCE WINDS)
26 Men’s hearts failing them for fear,(TORNADOES,HURRICANES,STORMS) and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth:(DESTRUCTION) for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.(FROM QUAKES,NUKES ETC)

Wind fans the flames of Utah fire that has burned 13 homes-[The Canadian Press]-YAHOONEWS-June 28, 2017

SALT LAKE CITY — Firefighters are bracing for more high winds Wednesday as they try to slow a southern Utah wildfire that has burned 13 homes and forced the evacuation of 1,500 people.Firefighters are hoping to be able to put out hot spots on the southern end of the fire to allow residents to return to the ski town of Brian Head. Homes there have been evacuated since June 17 when authorities say it was started by someone using a torch tool to burn weeds on private land.The fire is the largest in the nation at 78 square miles (201 square kilometres ).The blaze is one of several in the West. Crews in California were making gains against two new fires that spread quickly, and firefighters in Idaho battled five lightning-sparked wildfires burning in grass and brush.

The Associated Press
WORLD POWERS IN THE LAST DAYS (END OF AGE OF GRACE NOT THE WORLD)

EUROPEAN UNION-KING OF WEST-DAN 9:26-27,DAN 7:23-24,DAN 11:40,REV 13:1-10
EGYPT-KING OF THE SOUTH-DAN 11:40
RUSSIA-KING OF THE NORTH-EZEK 38:1-2,EZEK 39:1-3
CHINA-KING OF THE EAST-DAN 11:44,REV 9:16,18
VATICAN-RELIGIOUS LEADER-REV 13:11-18,REV 17:4-5,9,18

WORLD TERRORISM

OH BY THE WAY WHEN THE MEDIA SAYS ALLU-AK-BAR MEANS GOD IS GREAT LIE. IN ISLAM ALLU-AK-BAR MEANS OUR GOD IS GREATER OR GREATEST. THIS IS HOW THE MEDIA SUCK HOLES UP TO ISLAMIC-QURANIC-MUSLIMS. BY WATERING DOWN THE REAL MEANING OF THE SEX FOR MURDER DEATH CULT ISLAM. TO MAKE IT SOUND LIKE A PEACEFUL RELIGION (CULT OF DEATH AND WORLD DOMINATION).

GENESIS 6:11-13
11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.(WORLD TERRORISM,MURDERS)(HAMAS IN HEBREW IS VIOLENCE)
12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence (TERRORISM)(HAMAS) through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

GENESIS 16:11-12
11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her,(HAGAR) Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael;(FATHER OF THE ARAB/MUSLIMS) because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
12 And he (ISHMAEL-FATHER OF THE ARAB-MUSLIMS) will be a wild (DONKEY-JACKASS) man;(ISLAM IS A FAKE AND DANGEROUS SEX FOR MURDER CULT) his hand will be against every man,(ISLAM HATES EVERYONE) and every man's hand against him;(PROTECTING THEMSELVES FROM BEING BEHEADED) and he (ISHMAEL ARAB/MUSLIM) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.(LITERAL-THE ARABS LIVE WITH THEIR BRETHERN JEWS)

ISAIAH 14:12-14
12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer,(SATAN) son of the morning!(HEBREW-CRECENT MOON-ISLAM) how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
13  For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
14  I (SATAN HAS EYE TROUBLES) will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.(AND 1/3RD OF THE ANGELS OF HEAVEN FELL WITH SATAN AND BECAME DEMONS)

JOHN 16:2
2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.(ISLAM MURDERS IN THE NAME OF MOON GOD ALLAH OF ISLAM)

Trudeau touts open Canadian immigration system in face of Trump travel ban-[CBC]-YAHOONEWS-June 27, 2017

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says he will continue to promote Canada's open immigration policy on the world stage as controversy rages over U.S. President Donald Trump's travel ban.Trudeau said Tuesday during a news conference in Ottawa to wrap up the parliamentary sitting that government officials have had "multiple conversations" with the U.S. administration about protecting Canadian rights in the face of immigration decisions south of the border."But at the same time, Canadians have been very clear that we see immigration as a net positive, that we know we don't have to compromise security to build stronger, more resilient communities," he said. "I will continue to stand for Canadian values and Canadian success in our immigration system as I always have, whether it's in Washington or in Hamburg next week or elsewhere around the world."On Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court allowed a limited version of Trump's ban on travel from six mostly Muslim countries to take effect.The justices will hear full arguments in October, but in the meantime, the court said Trump's ban on visitors from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen could be enforced if those visitors lack a "credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States."-Trudeau defends sniper role-In the wide-ranging news conference in the National Press Theatre, Trudeau was asked about topics ranging from trade concerns with the U.S. to recent news that a Canadian special forces member had shot and killed an ISIS fighter at a record distance for a sniper.Trudeau called the sniper actions "entirely consistent" with the role of troops in northern Iraq. The "advise and assist" mission has always had an element of defending Canadian forces as well as our coalition partners, he said."That is something that is integral to this mission, and that is something that has always been followed," he said.NDP Leader Tom Mulcair has said the incident suggests Canadian forces are actually involved in direct combat in Iraq, and has called on Trudeau to provide the public with more details on the role of the mission.Trudeau said the incident should be "celebrated" for demonstrating the excellence in training and performance of duties by the Canadian Forces.National Defence said the sniper, part of the Joint Task Force 2 special forces unit, was supporting Iraqi forces when he shot an enemy fighter from 3,540 metres away.That is more than a kilometre farther than the previous record, held by a British sniper who shot a Taliban fighter in Afghanistan in 2009.Trudeau also said he broke his key electoral promise to reform Canada's electoral system because there was no compromise from other parties, and he didn't want to use his Liberal majority to ram through fundamental change."There was no path to do that."-'No path' on electoral reform-Trudeau said Liberals preferred a ranked ballot system, while the NDP wanted a proportional voting system that would have led to "fragmented" parties.Conservatives wanted to keep the status quo, he said."It was a very difficult decision for me," Trudeau said in describing his decision to break the promise.Asked about when the government will eliminate the deficit, Trudeau said his government is targeting billions in new spending on infrastructure and other services Canadians need and will not put a timeframe on when it will "arbitrarily" balance the books.Trudeau also touted what he sees as the government's key accomplishments so far, namely helping improve the quality of life for the middle class and taking steps to tackle the opioid crisis before taking questions.The prime minister also reacted to a new round of anti-dumping tariffs imposed on Canada's softwood lumber industry by the U.S. Department of Commerce. He said he is focused on being "constructive" and working toward a deal that will help protect thousands of jobs in Canada.Earlier Tuesday, the prime minister issued a statement to mark Multiculturalism Day.'Differences make us strong'"Canadians come from every corner of the world, speak two official languages and hundreds more, practise many faiths, and represent many cultures," he said. "Multiculturalism is at the heart of Canada's heritage and identity, and as Canadians, we recognize that our differences make us strong."Canada's tradition of multiculturalism has meant fresh perspectives and new answers to old problems, Trudeau said.Noting that Canada is celebrating both the 150th anniversary of Confederation and the 35th anniversary of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Trudeau said the milestones are a reminder of the values that unite Canadians: Openness, inclusion and deep respect for our differences."Whoever we are, wherever we come from, these values bring us together as equal members of this great country," he said.

U.S.-led coalition envoy visits Syria to discuss Raqqa aftermath-YAHOONEWS-[Reuters]-June 28, 2017

BEIRUT (Reuters) - Brett McGurk, the U.S. special envoy to the coalition against Islamic State visited north Syria on Wednesday and met the council planning to run Raqqa after its capture from the jihadists to assure it of support, one of its members said.The U.S.-led coalition is supporting the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), an alliance of Kurdish and Arab militias that began fighting inside Raqqa three weeks ago.The SDF announced the creation of the Raqqa Civil Council in April to replace militant rule in a city that has for three years been Islamic State's de facto capital in Syria.McGurk has met the council in Ain Issa in north Syria twice before in meetings that were not publicized, a member of the Raqqa Civil Council, Omar Alloush, said.Colonel Ryan Dillon, spokesman for the coalition, said coalition members are routinely in northern Syria working with the SDF and other local entities including the council. He could not confirm McGurk's visit on Wednesday and referred queries to the special envoy's office.Alloush said McGurk and other coalition officials, including its deputy commander Major General Rupert Jones, promised infrastructure help but did not discuss how much money was available."They did not specify any sum, but they decided we will support first removing mines, lifting rubble, maintenance of schools, then electricity stations and water," Alloush said.This month, volunteers at the council told Reuters they had informed the coalition it would take about $10 million a year to restore power and water supplies, roads and schools.(Reporting by Tom Perry; Writing by Angus McDowall; Editing by Louise Ireland)

Cluster bombs kill at least 15 in eastern Syria-[The Canadian Press]-YAHOONEWS-June 28, 2017

BEIRUT — A cluster bomb attack on an Islamic State-held village in eastern Syria killed at least 15 people on Wednesday, activists said, the latest in a series of devastating airstrikes along the Euphrates River ValleyTwo Syrian monitoring groups, Deir Ezzor 24 and Justice For Life, said the weapons were dropped on the village of Doblan by an unidentified jet. Russian, Syrian, and U.S.-led coalition aircraft are all known to operate in the area.Cluster bombs are designed to spread small bomblets across a wide area, but many fail to explode, endangering civilians long after the fighting has ended.Omar Abou Layla, the head of Deir Ezzor 24, said 15 bodies, including of women and children, were recovered in the village. He said residents expect to find many more killed.Ali Rahbe, of Justice For Life, said local informants counted at least 35 dead in the village, which is between the IS strongholds of al-Mayadeen and Boukamal.The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights put the initial toll at 30 dead.At least 57 people were killed in an airstrike on an IS-run jail in the Euphrates River Valley on Monday. Activists said that airstrike was carried out by the U.S.-led coalition. The coalition said it was looking into the reports.Turkey's military meanwhile said it returned fire after an attack by Syrian Kurdish forces.A statement Wednesday said the People's Protection Units, or YPG, fired on Turkish territory overnight with anti-aircraft weapons from Syria's Afrin region. Turkish artillery units returned fire, destroying the "detected targets."The YPG is the main component of the Syrian Democratic Forces, a U.S.-backed militia that is battling the Islamic State group in the extremists' de facto capital, Raqqa. Turkey views the YPG as an extension of the Kurdish insurgency raging in its southeast.Turkey was angered by a U.S. decision last month to arm the Syrian Kurds, fearing the weapons will end up in the hands of Kurdish rebels in Turkey.The Associated Press.

Philippines says beheaded civilians found in rebel-held town-[Reuters]-By Kanupriya Kapoor-YAHOONEWS-June 28, 2017

MARAWI CITY, Philippines (Reuters) - Five decapitated civilians were found in a Philippine city occupied by Islamist rebels on Wednesday, the military said, warning the number of residents killed by rebel "atrocities" could rise sharply as troops retake more ground.The discovery of the five victims among 17 bodies retrieved would be the first evidence that civilians trapped in besieged Marawi City have been decapitated during the five-week stand by militants loyal to the Islamic State group, as some who escaped the city have previously reported.Some 71 security forces and 299 militants have been killed and 246,000 people displaced in the conflict, which erupted after a failed attempt on May 23 to arrest a Filipino militant commander backed by Islamic State's leadership.President Rodrigo Duterte promised to destroy the militants in Marawi and said the Philippines was now dealing with "a very dangerous situation" due to young Muslims inspired by the "mass insanity" of Islamic State."All they do is just to kill and destroy, and killing in a most brutal way," he said at an event where he received hundreds of sniper and assault rifles donated by China to help the military campaign in Marawi."They enjoy decapitating people in front of cameras. They have to be dealt with, with the same ferocity but not the brutality," he said.The information about the beheadings came via a text message to reporters from Lieutenant Colonel Emmanuel Garcia of the Western Mindanao Command. Garcia did not respond to repeated requests for details.A civilian rescue worker, Abdul Azis Lomondot, told Reuters body parts were found, but with "no proof of beheading".Military spokesman Jo-Ar Herrera said bodies were found separately in two groups, of 12 and five, but he was unable to confirm if the five were beheaded.The battle entered its 36th day on Wednesday, with intense gunfights and bombing in the heart of the town and black-clad fighters seen from afar running between buildings as explosions rang out.The rebels' hold on Marawi, while incurring the full force of a military for years trained by its U.S. counterparts, has much of the region on edge, concerned that Islamic State's influence may run deeper than thought.Those fears are also being felt in Malaysia and Indonesia, whose nationals are among the Maute group of rebels fighting in Marawi, suggesting the group may have built a cross-border network that has gone largely undetected.-RISING TOLL-Military spokesman Restituto Padilla earlier said it was likely that many civilians had been killed and the death toll - at 27 before the latest 17 were announced - was only what the authorities could confirm independently and escapees had reported many in the area of fighting."(It) may increase significantly," Padilla told reporters. "There have been a significant number that have been seen."Padilla said the cause of all of those deaths would be "atrocities committed by the terrorists".Among those atrocities, the army says, have been residents being forced to loot homes, take up arms or become sex slaves.Videos have appeared this month on the website of Islamic State's Amaq news agency and its social media channels of hostages in Marawi pleading for their lives, saying they would be beheaded if air strikes were not stopped. Clips have also appeared of kneeling captives, shot in the head from behind.Reuters was unable to confirm the authenticity of the footage.The military has so far been reluctant to discuss the possibility that the real impact of the fighting on civilians could be far more severe than has been reported.It has played down the impact of daily air strikes and mortar assaults aimed at rebel sniper positions, which have reduced areas of the lakeside town to rubble and alarmed people stuck there, some of whom have said the shelling was a bigger threat than the militants.Military spokesman Padilla said troops needed more time to finish what was a tricky mission, complicated by trapped civilians, hostages and booby traps.(For a graphic on battle for Marawi, click http://tmsnrt.rs/2sqmHDf)(Additional reporting by Neil Jerome Morales in MANILA; Writing by Martin Petty)

CHINA AND KINGS OF THE EAST MARCH TO ISRAEL 2ND WAVE OF WW3 (200 MILLION MAN ARMY)

REVELATION 16:12-16
12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates;(WERE WW3 STARTS IN IRAQ OR SYRIA OR TURKEY) and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.(THE TURKEY ATATURK DAM ON THE EUPHRATES CAN BE SHUT AND DRIED UP ALREADY BY TURKEY)
13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon,(SATAN) and out of the mouth of the beast,(WORLD DICTATOR) and out of the mouth of the false prophet.(FALSE POPE)
14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.(WERE 2 BILLION DIE FROM NUKE WAR)
15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.(ITS AT THIS TIME I BELIEVE WHEN AMERICA GETS NUKED BY RUSSIA ON THE WAY TO THE MIDEAST)

DANIEL 11:44 (2ND WAVE OF WW3)
44 But tidings out of the east(CHINA) and out of the north(RUSSIA, MUSLIMS WHATS LEFT FROM WAVE 1) shall trouble him:(EU DICTATOR IN ISRAEL) therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.( 1/3RD OF EARTHS POPULATION)

REVELATION 9:12-18
12 One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.
13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four(DEMONIC WAR) angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.(WORLDWIDE WAR)(TURKEY-IRAQ-SYRIA)(EUPHRATES RIVER CONSISTS OF 760 MILES IN TURKEY,440 MILES IN SYRIA AND 660 MILES IN IRAQ)
15 And the four(DEMONIC WAR) angels were loosed,(WORLDWIDE WAR) which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.(1/3 Earths Population die in WW 3 2ND WAVE-2 billion)
16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand:(200 MILLION MAN ARMY FROM CHINA AND THE KINGS OF THE EAST) and I heard the number of them.
17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.(NUCLEAR BOMBS)
18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.(NUCLEAR BOMBS)

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          Avec joie et docilité, de Johanna Sinisalo   

Depuis quelques semaines sur ma liste de romans à lire au plus vite, le nouveau roman de l’auteure finlandaise Johanna Sinisalo (déjà remarquée pour son précédent, « Le sang des fleurs ») promettait de frapper un grand coup avec cette dystopie eusistocratique. J’ai enfin pu lui trouver un créneau de lecture (sans trop...

Suite ->

Cet article Avec joie et docilité, de Johanna Sinisalo est apparu en premier sur Lorhkan et les mauvais genres.


          Sommario Europeo: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, 30 Giu - 06:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          Miraca Industrial Co Ltd   

Are you looking for information on the company Miraca Industrial Co Ltd from Hong Kong who sells airpax circuit breakers? If so, refer below to read one buyer’s experience with this company. Buyer’s Nationality: Finland Seller: Miraca Industrial Co Ltd Seller Website: www.key-chips.com Seller Address: Room 2022-2025, 20/F, HoKing Comm Ctr, 2-16 Fayuen Str, Mongkok, […]

The post Miraca Industrial Co Ltd appeared first on SUPPLIER BLACKLIST.


          Accounts Payable Specialist - Baffinland - Ontario   
Liaise with the procurement group to ensure timely resolution of parked invoices. At Baffinland, we work and live beyond the Arctic Circle, mining iron ore at...
From Baffinland - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 21:12:59 GMT - View all Ontario jobs
          Musculação para fortalecer o cérebro dos idosos   
Estudo finlandês indica que treinos de força favorecem as funções cognitivas após os 60 anos
          ”Svenska beslutet gör ont i den ryska självbilden”   

Sverige och Finland har nu gått med i den brittiskledda militärstyrkan JEF. Ett samarbete som inte innebär att säkerhetsläget i Östersjöregionen ändras nämnvärt – men det kan svida i ögonen på Ryssland, enligt säkerhetsanalytikern Robert Dalsjö.


          Please visit our new website at www.rigaplus.lv   
Please visit our new website at www.rigaplus.lv
 
referencer - referenser - references

 Jeg er autoriseret til at guide på dansk, svensk og engelsk i:
▪Rigas gamle bydel,
▪Rigas Jugendstil/Art Nouveau,
▪Rigas træarkitektur til fods,
▪Rigas centrale marked med mulighed for smagning,
▪Rigas lille bustur,
▪Rigas store bustur,
▪Jurmala - Letlands mest populære kurby,
▪Sigulda med Turaida borg (en del af Gauja Nationalpark),
▪Ligatne papirfabriksby (19.årh.) med den hemmelige sovjetiske bunker,
▪Cesis - fødestedet for den lettiske flag (en del af Gauja Nationalpark),
▪Rejseleder i Baltikum - Estland, Letland og Litauen og Skandinavien.
 

Næsten alle ture er tilgængelige også som tidlige morgen- eller sene aftensture. Ved nogle af ture er jeg i kostume. Påklædningen giver en særlig oplevelse og understreger temaet.
 

Jeg guider til Letlands, Estlands, Danmarks, Sveriges, Norges og Finlands rejsebureau gæster/kunder. Kundekreds varierer mellem turister, erhvervskunder, krydstogtsgæster, foreninger, kulturinteresserede m.fl. Fag som rejsende repræsenterer: landmænd, lærere, socialrådgivere, læger, tømrere, polititjenestemænd, medarbejdere inden for forsikring, revisorer, folkedansere, pensionister. Faglige, kulturelle og sociale oplevelser forenes afhængig af deltagernes interesse, turens formål og varighed.
 

Freelance guide for Panbaltica Scandinavia OU, SIA „IMPRO Ceļojumi”, Panbaltica Latvija SIA, SIA „Baltic eVent Tour”, VIA HANSA TOURS SIA, SIA Baltijas Ceļojumu Grupa/Baltic Travel Group, Baltic Incentive Travel SIA, Smile Line SIA, TAS Baltics SIA, VIA HANSA DMC RIGA SIA, Baltic Events & Tours SIA, Dumas-Johansen Rejser, Riis Rejser, Mikkeltours, MACH Travel A/S, VIA TRAVEL, Viking Line Cinderella destination guide ombord od udflugter i land, HRG Nordic, Volvo Truck Center, Ældre Sagen, Riga Tourism Development Bureau, BDO, DSB Tours, Carlson Wagonlit Travel, Rilesa, Profil Rejser, Vindroserejser, TAS Baltics, Vejle Rejser, Sanistål, Travelnet Stavanger AS, Pegasus Tel Aviv, DMC "Touch & Travel", SIA “Meeting Tour Travel & SPA Consultants”, Con-ex Latvia Tours Group, DMC Baltic SIA, UAB "BALTIC DESTINATION MANAGEMENT", SIA CWT Latvia, Vitus Rejser, Triton Bridge, KORFUH kor/Norge, Politiets fellesforbund Helgeland. Flere private guidningsopgaver, modtagelse af gæster, transfer, introduktion til land/by undervejs om landets historie, kultur, nutid og fortid, natur, sociale forhold - ja alle de emner, vi som mennesker gerne vil vide noget om, når vi er på en rejse, udarbejdelse af ture, er konstant i gang med at udvikle nye ture.

FEEDBACK - All in all everything was great and to their satisfaction. The transfer, and especially the guide got very good reviews. Kalmarflyg, Sweden. 05.11.15


It has been very succesful to have you as our Tourleader. And the tours have been successful in every way… So thank you for a job very well done. Nikolaj. 13.11.2014. 




Tak for en hyggelig rundtur i Riga. Vi havde nogle hyggelige og sjove dage i Riga med kanalrundfart, drinks, cafehygge og sjov – og en masse shopping.
Riga er jo en hyggelig by og bestemt et besøg værd en anden gang. Det var rart at kunne genkende de forskellige historiske steder vi havde besøgt på vores tur med dig, når vi selv gik rundt i byen.
Venlig hilsen, Sanni. 21.10.2014. 


Vi kom alle godt hjem, med masser af storslåede indtryk, ikke mindst din rundvisning. Det er helt sikkert ikke sidste gang vi kommer til Riga, så det kan være vi ses. Med venlig hilsen, Leo. 17.09.2014.

Gruppen var tilfredse med rejsen. Ele. 22.08.2013.

Ellers vil jeg også sige dig tak for din gode indsats for vores gruppe. Det var en vidunderlig rejse til Letland denne gang – helt i top. Tak for det.
Niels
21.07.2011.

Tak for sidst. Det gik fint, men det var jo et kort samarbejde.
Håber vi får mulighed for samarbejde i fremtiden.
Mange hilsner
Erik
19.08.2010.

Vi tackar så mycket för Din fantastiska guidning (14 maj, 2010). Vi blev så upplyfta av all Din kunskap och berättarkonst.
Vi är mycket nöjda med vår resa och kanske vi kommer att åka tillbaka till Riga någon mera gång.
Hoppas Du mår bra och haft en fin sommar.
Många hälsningar//Monika

Vi har oplevet, at en ferie i et rejs
eselskab giver adgang til steder og guides, som er lukket land, hvis man rejser alene.
Baltikum Rundt, 13. – 24. juli 2005

Hej,
Tak for en fantastisk uge i Letland, det hele har bare fungeret så godt, ikke mindst på grund af din store hjælp. Det er bare så dejligt at tænke tilbage på alle de gode, sjove, spændende og udfordrende oplevelser vi har haft.
Mange hilsner og knus
Susanne
10.juli, 2004

Takk for sist siden jeg var den skotske dame som var med ... i mai i fjor. Jeg har gode fotograf av dig begge på kilden og på lunsj ut i bygda og fra konserten. Jeg var så imponert over disse barn da de danset og sang - de var nesten professionel. Det er ikke så lett å få gutter til å danse med jenter i dreres alder. Jeg var glad da jeg leste ditt navn i programmet for jeg viste at de skull få masse opplysning fra deg. Ha en fortsatt god sommer.
Med vennlig hilsen,
Irene.
29.juli, 2004

Vi var utroligt glade for guiden. Hun er fantastisk hjælpsom og sød. Hun ved en masse om lettisk historie og kultur og er god til at fortælle - et godt aktiv for dit firma.
Gunnar. 24.sept.2002

En sødere og mere engageret guide skal man lede længe efter.
Anonym spørgeskema. Par, 39, 40 år.
13-16/7/2002


Referenser kan styrkas vid behov. 




          I Finland råder lugn och ro i skolan   
I Finland råder lugn och ro i skolan

          HDMI DVB-T-T2 TV Box 1080P VGA / AV Tuner - Jelenlegi ára: 7 310 Ft   
Features:
Brand new and high quality.
Support DVB-T-T2 Protocol 3. Support teletext.
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Watch DVB-T TV on PC monitor, no software required.
Digital Terrestrial TV/Radio Program Playing.
Specifications:
The DVB-T/T2 can easily turn your computer into a TV set, compatible with all CRT and LCD monitors, so that your monitor can instantly watch 1080P HD TV.
RF input connector: (IEC-TYPE, IEC169-2, female) .
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4. X, 6. X, FLV format, H. 264 MP , VC-1, RM and RMVB .
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Support language: English, Cesky, Dansk, Francais, Deutsch, Italiano, Portuguese, Espanol, Svensk Package Included: 1 x TV Tuner Receiver 1 x Remove Control 1 x AC Power Adapter(EU/US Plug ).
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P073219
Vásárlással kapcsolatos fontos információk:
Köszöntjük oldalunkon!
Az adásvétel megkönnyítése érdekében, kérjük olvassa el vásárlási feltételeinket, melyeket rendelésével automatikusan elfogad.
Kedvezmény: Amennyiben termékeink közül minimum 50 db-ot vásárol, kedvezményt biztosítunk. Kérjük igényelje a kedvezményt ügyfélszolgálatunktól.
US hálózati csatlakozós termékeink esetén, külön rendelhető a termékeink között található US-EU átalakító adapter.
Fontos! Ha a leírásban NEM szerepel, hogy ? We dont offer color/pattern/size choice? (szín/minta/méret nem választható), akkor rendeléskor kérjük mindenképp írja bele a megjegyzés rovatba a kiválasztott színt/mintát/méretet, ellenkező esetben kollégáink véletlenszerűen postázzák. Ez esetben utólagos reklamációt nem fogadunk el.
Ahol a ? We dont offer color/pattern/size choice? kijelentés szerepel, sajnos nincs lehetőség szín/minta/méret kiválasztására. Ilyenkor kollégáink véletlenszerűen küldik a termékeket.
Kommunikáció: minden esetben kizárólag email-ben, mert így visszakövethetőek a beszélgetések.
Hibás termék: visszautaljuk a vételárat vagy újrapostázzuk a terméket megállapodástól függően, miután visszapostázta a megadott címre.
Visszautalás: a vételárat visszautaljuk, vagy a terméket újraküldjük ha nem érkezik meg a termék.
Ez esetben kérjük jelezze email-en keresztül, hogy megoldást találhassunk a problémára!
Garancia: 3 hónap! Amennyiben valóban hibás a termék, kérjük vegye fel velünk a kapcsolatot és kicseréljük vagy visszavásároljuk a terméket megegyezéstől függően.
Számlázás: Az elektronikus számlát (pdf. formátumú) Angliában regisztrált cégünk állítja ki, az ÁFA nem kimutatható, az utalás magyar céges számlánkra történik.
A szállítási idő: az összeg átutalása után 9-12 munkanap, de a postától függően előfordulhat a 25-35 munkanap is! A posta szállítási idejéért cégünk nem tud felelősséget vállalni, az említett szállítási idő tájékoztató jellegű!
Nagyon fontos! Kérjük ne vásároljanak akkor, ha nem tudják kivárni az esetleges 35 munkanap szállítási időt!
strong>Postázás: Termékeinket külföldről postázzuk.
Nagy raktárkészletünk miatt előfordulhat, hogy egy-két termék átmenetileg vagy véglegesen elfogy raktárunkból, erről mindenképp időben értesítjük és megfelelő megoldást kínálunk.
Utalás: Kizárólag átutalást (házibank, netbank) fogadunk el (bankszámláról bankszámlára),   Banki/Postai készpénz befizetést/Rózsaszín csekket ill. egyéb NEM!
Átutalásnál a rendelésszámot feltétlenül adja meg a közlemény rovatba, ellenkező esetben előfordulhat, hogy nem tudjuk visszakeresni a rendelését. Ebben az esetben nyilvánvalóan nem tudjuk a terméket postázni ill. Önt sem tudjuk értesíteni, hiszen nincs kiindulópontunk!
Fizetés/szállítás:
-2000Ft felett (postaköltséggel együtt) CSAK es KIZÁRÓLAG ajánlottan postázzuk a terméket az alábbiak szerint:
-Ajánlott posta esetén az első termékre a posta 890Ft , minden további 250 Ft/db.
- Sima Levélként 2000Ft alatt: az első termékre a posta 250Ft, minden további termék posta díja 250Ft/db.
Átvétel: azoknak a vásárlóknak akik nem veszik át a rendelt terméket a postától és visszaküldésre kerül a termék cégünkhöz, a postaköltség újbóli megfizetésével tudjuk csak újraküldeni, illetve amennyiben az összeget kéri vissza, a termékek árát tudjuk csak visszautalni, postaköltség nélkül. A termék átvétele az Ön felelőssége! Amennyiben a Mi hibánkból nem tudja átvenni, pl téves címzés miatt, így a postaköltség minket terhel.
Amennyiben a megrendelést követő 24 órán belül nem kap emailt tőlünk, ez azt jelenti, hogy az email cím (freemail és citromail esetén főleg) visszadobta a küldött email-t. Ilyenkor küldjön üzenetet egy másik e-mail címről.
Kellemes Vásárlást Kívánunk!
HDMI DVB-T-T2 TV Box 1080P VGA / AV  Tuner
Jelenlegi ára: 7 310 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-22 03:19
          Housing costs of owner-occupied dwellings rose by 1.7 per cent   
According to Statistics Finland, the housing costs of owner-occupied dwellings increased by 1.7 per cent in the first quarter of 2017 from the respective quarter of 2016. According to preliminary data, the price of buying a dwelling went up by 1.4 per cent from the corresponding period. Compared with the previous quarter, the housing costs of owner-occupied dwellings rose by 1.1 per cent and purchasing of dwellings became 0.8 per cent more expensive.
          Turnover of large enterprises grew in May   
According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the seasonally adjusted turnover of large enterprises grew by 0.6 per cent in May 2017 compared with April. In April, seasonally adjusted turnover grew by 0.7 per cent, while in March, turnover was 0.4 per cent higher than in the month before.
          South Park: Phone Destroyer preview - Hands on with Ubisoft's new card battler   
South Park: Phone Destroyer preview - Hands on with Ubisoft's new card battler South Park: Phone Destroyer soft launched a little over a week ago now, providing South Park fans in Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Norway with their ideal card battler.

I've put a little time into the game's early stages for the benefit of those of you who aren't living in Nordic bliss.

Being only casually familiar with both South Park and CCGs, I went into the game with pretty neutral expectations, but came away quietly impressed.

South Park: The CCG

The name South Park: Phone Destroyer might hint at a mindless tapper or some kind of action game, but it's actually a bright and breezy (though definitely not kid-friendly) casual card battler, but with live automated battles.

You must assemble a deck of cards from random loot drops and campaign success, then continue to modify those cards using the game's various currencies and consumables.

[read more]
          Así eran los pioneros del comic gay underground: Nazario y Tom de Finlandia   
El autor sevillano publica 'Anarcoma. Obra gráfica completa' (Ediciones La Cúpula) un universo de hombres rabiosamente masculinos, sin atisbo de pluma, que se divierten juntos
          DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 26TH JUNE 2017   
(DAILY NEWS INDIA)
SHARED BY: WWW.DAILYGK.IN

1. WORLD’S HIGHEST RAIL TRACK SURVEY TO COMMENCE AT LEH
i. Indian Railways will start the final location survey of the 498 km long Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line at Leh in Jammu and Kashmir.
ii. The proposed new rail line will connect all important locations between Bilaspur and Leh namely Sunder Nagar Mandi, Keylong, Manali, Tandi, Koksar, Darcha, Upshi and Karu.
iii. Coming up at a height of 3,300 metres, the strategically important rail project is touted to become the highest rail track in the world, overtaking China’s Qinghai–Tibet Railway.
iv. Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu will inaugurate the work for the final location survey at an estimated cost of Rs 157.77 cr. Survey is funded by the defence ministry and has been entrusted to RITES, a Railways PSU.

2. 135TH JAGANNATH PURI CHARIOT FESTIVAL BEGINS IN ODISHA
i. The 135th Jagannath Yatra starts from June 25 and ends on July 3. The end of Yatra is termed as the return cart festival or BahudaJatra.
ii. The Jagannath Yatra festival will be held in Odisha. The Rath Yatra festival is related to Lord Jagannath. According to Hindu calendar, this yatra is celebrated every year on Ashadh Shukla Dwitiya.
iii. The 5000 year old chariot festival marks the return of Lord Krishna to Vrindavan with his brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadra.
iv. This yatra includes three majestic chariots Nandighosa, Taladwaja and Darpadalan.
v. Sudarsan Pattnaik has carved beautiful art on RathYatra of Lord Jagannath at the Puri beach in Odisha with message “Let us all immerse in the spirit of unity & brotherhood”.


3. SINDHU, JUNIOR HOCKEY TEAM WINS SJFI ANNUAL AWARDS
i. The Sports Journalists Federation of India at its annual general meeting decided to confer the best Sportsperson of the Year award P V Sindhu elected to Badminton World Federation Athletes’ Commission player and Best Team of the Year award to Indian Junior Hockey Squad.
ii. P V Sindhu clinched the silver medal at Olympic Games at Rio in August 2016.
iii. The Indian junior hockey team won the Junior World Cup title by defeating Belgium in the final held at Lucknow in December 2016.
iv. Both the awards would be presented at the 40th convention of the SJFI to be held in Indore in September 2017.

4. IDFC BANK ELEVATES SUNIL KAKAR AS MD AND CEO FOR 3 YEARS
i. IDFC Ltd has announced the elevation of its CFO Sunil Kakar as the MD and Chief Executive Officer. He is appointed for 3 years.
ii. Kakar has also been appointed as additional director. The Board has approved the resignation of veteran banker Vikram Limaye from the post of MD and CEO.
iii. Vikram Limaye  is set to join leading stock exchange NSE as its new Managing Director and CEO.
iv.Sunil Kakar is responsible for finance and accounts, business planning and budgeting and investor relations, among others.
v. He had worked with Max New York Life Insurance Company since 2001 as CFO. He has also worked with Bank of America for 18 years in various roles.

5. KIDAMBIM SRIKANTH BEATS CHEN LONG TO WIN AUSTRALIA OPEN SUPER SERIES
i. Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth has defeated Olympic champion Chen Long to win the Australia Open Super Series men’s singles title.
ii. Srikanth has won his career’s 4th Super Series title. This is world no 11 Srikanth’s 2nd straight title victory in a week after he won the Indonesian Open Super Series Premier last Sunday.
iii. Srikanth has become only the 5th player in the world and the 1st Indian male shuttler to contest three consecutive Super Series finals. Singapore Open, Indonesia Open and Australian Open.
iv. The Badminton Association of India announced a cash award of Rs 5 lakh for Srikanth after he lifted the title.

6. ANISH BHANWALA WINS STANDARD PISTOL GOLD WITH WORLD RECORD AT JUNIOR WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP
i. Indian shooter Anish Bhanwala has won a gold medal at the ISSF Junior World Championship in the 25m Standard Pistol category in Germany.
ii. Anish had previously won a bronze medal at the Junior Men’s 25m Rapid Fire Pistol event at the 27th Meeting of the Shooting Hopes which concluded in May.
iii. The previous record was held by Denis Koulakov, who shot a score of 574 in a competition held in Finland in 2002.

7. NAIDU LAUNCHES BOOK TITLED ‘THE EMERGENCY-INDIAN DEMOCRACY’S DARKEST HOUR
i. Venkaiah Naidu has launched the book which titled The Emergency — Indian Democracy’s Darkest Hour.
ii. The book is written by Surya Prakash who is a chairman of Prashar Bharati. It was released by Union Minister for Urban Development and Information & Broadcasting Venkaiah Naidu and Gujarat CM Vijay Rupani at Ahmedabad.
iii. The book was launched at a conference to mark the anniversary of the Emergency and to honour all those who fought for restoration of democracy in the country in the mid-1970s.
iv. In his speech, Naidu has mentioned that Ahmedabad was the appropriate place to release the book as anti-corruption movement Navnirman initiated in Gujarat was the cause for the emergency.
v. During the function, senior leader of the RSS Dattatreya Hosabale and senior BJP leader and MP Subramanian Swamy were present.

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS BASED ON TODAY’S NEWS

Q1. SPORTS JOURNALISTS FEDERATION OF INDIA AT ITS ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING DECIDED TO CONFER THE BEST SPORTS PERSON OF THE YEAR AWARD ON WHICH SPORTS PERSON?
a)  P V Sindhu
b)  Rohit Sharma
c)  Sania Mirza
d)  Virat Kohli
Q2. SUNIL KAKAR HAS BEEN APPOINTED AS THE MANAGING DIRECTOR AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF WHICH COMPANY:
a)  BPCl
b)  IDFC Ltd.
c)  BHEL
d)  NMDC
Q3. JAGANNATH TEMPLE AT PURI IS LOCATED IN WHICH INDIA STATE?
a)  Madhya Pradesh
b)  Uttar Pradesh
c)  Odisha
d)  Bihar
Q4. WHICH INDIAN BADMINTON PLAYER CLINCHED HIS 4TH SUPER SERIES TITLE WITH AN INCREDIBLE STRAIGHT-GAME TRIUMPH OVER REIGNING OLYMPIC AND WORLD CHAMPION CHEN LONG IN THE AUSTRALIAN OPEN FINAL IN SYDNEY?
a)  P Kashyap
b)  Aditya Joshi
c)  Ajay Jayaram
d)  Kidambi Srikanth
Q5. WHO AMONG THE FOLLOWING IS THE AUTHOR OF THE BOOK ‘THE EMERGENCY – INDIAN DEMOCRACY’S DARKEST HOUR’?
a)  D Shankar Nath
b)  A Surya Prakash
c)  L Jeevan Lal
d)  G Krishna Reddy

ANSWERS:

            1 - A    2 - B    3 - C    4 - D    5 - B

          Comics That Rock: SING NO EVIL by JP Ahonen & KP Alare   

This comic book (or graphic novel, if you prefer) is a collection that mixes art, music and fantasy into a story of a bunch of friends trying to make it to the next level as a band. And it takes place in Finland...cool.

A story of pure rock angst, SING NO EVIL follows the band, Perkeros, and their frontman, Aksel, on a quest to tame the rock n' roll beast. Can he control and become a conduit for the wild music he hears in his head.

JP Ahonen and KP Alare create an intoxicating comic about a band in search of that elusive sound that will bring them to the next level. It is also about the struggle to be a creative artist and struggle with job, school, relationships, etc. There is a lot of humor woven in, and a love of metal. 

If you're into comics and music, and want to experience both blended together in a mystical tale of searching for that perfect song, you'll want to pick up SING NO EVIL. The tale is told from the perspective of the bandmates, specifically lead crooner, Aksel, as he struggles to harness the musical visions he hears within.

I got a chance to meet JP Ahonen at an event at the Abrams office right before NY Comic Con in October, and he was cool, humble and a hell of a nice guy. I received a copy of SING NO EVIL that night, and was immediately drawn in by the terrific title as well as Ahonen's beautiful and fun art style. 

He somehow manages to capture the surreal experience of attending a live show: encompassed by a wall of blearing sound, struggling among the heated, claustrophobic crowd, and letting the music just sweep you away. To be able to do this in a comic, is an accomplishment in my book. And this book would make a great gift for someone interested in music, especially if that person likes heavy rock. The following image is just one example of the chaotic harmony that is experiencing live music and it's just spot on. 


          249704-2017: Finlande-Alajärvi: Services d'assurance   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 18-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          Dövlət İmtahan Mərkəzinin nümayəndələri Finlandiyada “PADOS II” layihəsi çərçivəsində müzakirələrə qatılıblar   
Dövlət İmtahan Mərkəzinin (DİM) Direktorlar Şurasının sədrinin müavini Bəhram Xəlilov və bu qurumun strateji inkişaf şöbəsinin müdiri Fuad Mayılov Finlandiya Dövlət İdarəçiliyi İnstitutu tərəfindən reallaşdırılan “PADOS II” layihəsinin açılış konfransında iştirak ediblər
          Se vende - Collar De Manga Corta Estampado Animal Marrón... - Subasta   

Cañada de San Pedro 30164, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, Kuwait, ...
ebay.es

          Se vende - Chicos Cherokee Mangas Largas Camisa Oxford Cuello... - Subasta   

La Cañada 35459, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, China, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, ...
ebay.es

          Se vende - Vintage Vanity Fair Aqua Azul noche de gala Tallas... - 21 $   

Uña 16152, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Filipinas, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, ...
ebay.es

          Se vende - Lote de 40+ bolsas de compras Shopkins, Pulsera,... - 19 $   
Granada GR, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, Suecia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Nueva Zelanda, Filipinas, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahréin, Croacia, Malasia, Chile, Colombia ...
ebay.es

          Se vende - Timberland Hombre Vaquero Oscuro Estilo Slimfit... - Subasta   

Uña 16152, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
ebay.es

          Se vende - Baby Lulu Niñas Azul Denim 2 pieza traje de... - Subasta   
Granada GR, España
Envío a: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Bulgaria, República Checa, Finlandia, Hungría, Letonia, Lituania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Grecia, Portugal, Chipre, Eslovenia, Japón, China, Suecia, Corea del Sur, Indonesia, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bélgica, Francia, Hong Kong, Irlanda, Países Bajos, Polonia, España, Italia, Alemania, Austria, Rusia, Israel, Nueva Zelanda, Singapur, Suiza, Noruega, Arabia Saudí, Ucrania, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Qatar, ...
ebay.es

          Se vende - Para Hombres Camisa De Manga Larga Talla 16 1/2... - Subasta   
Uña 16152, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
ebay.es

          Ciobanesc german cu probleme de mers la picioarele din spate   


Buna ziua,

Am un ciobanesc german de 11 ani. De aprox. 6 luni a inceput sa mearga mai greu, in special cu picioarele din spate,
Sambata trecuta am facut barbeque si i-am dat 3 buc de slanina prajita. Cred ca s-a intoxicat, nu a mai mancat, 3 zile a vomat, dar in acelasi timp nu a mai putut merge, nu are echilibru, tine capul intr-o parte.
I-am facut analizele la medic, are ceva infectie la partea bucala, anemie, celule rosii in cantitate redusa, caile digestive curate. Am primit tratament pe 3 zile, nu se vad imbunatatiri, nu are echilibru, merge greu afara doar sprijinit cu un ham.
Cainele are din nastere o displazie la ultimele vertebre, i s-au facut de cateva ori injectii in coloana.

As dori sa incerc produsul D-voastra, eventual si alte medicamente daca puteti sugera.

Cu stima,
Best regards,
V....


Buna ziua,

Detalii despre preparatul cu care mi-am vindecat eu catelul gasiti la
http://www.deniplant.ro/poleno plasmin.htm
este compus din drojdie de bere, pulbere de seminte de roscove si polen de la planteniplant

30 capsule costa 200 lei

Daca doriti sa-l cumparati de la noi, ne trimiteti banii prin posta si cand ii primim , a doua zi pleca pachetul de la noi.

Adresa unde se trimit banii este

GIURGIU GHEORGHE

OFICIUL POSTAL PIPERA, CP 1 JUD ILFOV , COD 077191

Dupa trimiterea banilor ne trimiteti un email cu numele si adresa unde expediem preparatul cu posta romana si suportam noi taxele postale sau cu un curier rapid si suportati dumneavoastra taxele

Alte detalii la 0744827881

Cu stima

Gheorghe Giurgiu


Buna ziua Dl Giurgiu.

Eu va scriu din Finlanda. Pot sa va pun banii acum, pe western union, pe numele D-voastra. Ii primiti imediat.
Doresc sa va interesati la posta cat costa sa trimiteti coletul aici si pun inclusiv banii de transport.

Multumesc,
V...

--
Best regards,


buna ziua
30 de capsule polenoplasmin costa 45 euro plus 15 euro taxele postale
Total 60 euro
Dupa ce puneti banii ne trimiteti un email cu numele si adresa unde trimitem noi pachetul
Cu numele si prenumele persoanei care a trimis banii, suma trimisa si codul de ridicare a banilor
Cu stima
Gheorghe Giurgiu
Afișează textul citat


Buna dimineata.

Banii se pot ridica de la WU.
Destinatar: Gheorghe Giurgiu
Tracking number (MTCN): 443........
Expeditor si adresa pentru colet:

V......
S.........- HELSINKI
FINLAND
Daca o sa aveti tracking number e bine sa mi-l comunicati, aici nu trimit aviz ca ai primit ceva, trebuie sa urmaresti online.
Multumesc,
O zi buna.



Buna a ziua
Polenoplasmin a plecat de la noi intr-un plic recomandat par avion
Poate fi urmarit pe internet pe www.posta-roman.ro apoi la posta din finlanda.

Are nr
Numarul trimiterii: RN867318375RO
Raport sumar:
Numarul trimiterii: RN867318375RO
Denumire serviciu: Scrisoare recomandata ext
Subunitate postala de expediere: Oficiul Postal Pipera (Voluntari)
Data expedierii: 30.06.2017
Stare actuala: In prelucrare
Vrei sa primesti notificare
prin email? Click aici!ASCUNDE RAPORT DETALIAT
Raport detaliat:
Data (ZZ.LL.AAAA) Ora (HH:MM) Starea trimiterii
30.06.2017 09:40 Primit de la expeditor - Oficiul Postal Pipera (Voluntari)
30.06.2017 11:19 In prelucrare - Oficiul Postal Pipera (Voluntari)
30.06.2017 11:19 In prelucrare - Oficiul Postal Pipera (Voluntari)
Afișează textul citat
OK, multumesc.
Afișează textul citat



          フィンランドのワイルドフード   

フィンランドのワイルドフードは、純粋、シンプル、旬のもの。

The post フィンランドのワイルドフード appeared first on VisitFinland.com.


          Comment on Renewable Energy Presents No Threat to Grid, Despite Trump Aides Claim by Jarmo   
Danish goal for 2020 is to get 33% of their energy from renewables. One third.Two thirds come from fossil fuels. By comparison, Finland got 38% of its energy from renewables in 2014. The goal for 2020 goal was 38% and it was achieved six years in advance. The share of nuclear and renewables today of total energy consumption is over 50% and rising.
          Non Voglio più Vivere alla Luce del Sole   

Un saggio di facile e coinvolgente lettura sulla tendenza e patologia sociale più preoccupante e discussa di questo nuovo millennio.

Adolescenti che si barricano nella propria stanza e non ne escono per anni, abbandonando gli studi, navigando e giocando on line e mantenendosi con lavoretti via web, vivendo di cibo spazzatura ordinato per telefono o lasciandosi morire di fame.

Giovani che, se ragazze, non vogliono allontanarsi dalla famiglia d’origine ma restare in casa servite e accudite come principesse, e considerano il matrimonio o l’eventualità di avere dei figli peggio che inutili.

Giovani che, soprattutto maschi, si rintanano per mesi in giganteschi internet café con tanto di brande e pasti in pronta consegna. Questo, in Giappone. Il disgusto per un mondo esterno sempre più veloce e una società sempre più competitiva, il chiudersi in un bozzolo fino a un’improbabile “guarigione” spontanea (o, più di frequente, fino all’ospedalizzazione coatta o al suicidio) sta però arrivando anche in America e in Europa, a partire dai paesi del nord (Svezia, Finlandia e Danimarca in testa).

Team internazionali di psichiatri e sociologi si sorprendono a studiare e a definire una sindrome per lungo tempo limitata e occasionale, quella dello “shut-in” (il “recluso”), che sta mutando ed espandendosi rispetto all’originale hikikomori giapponese (letteralmente, il “confinato”, il “chiamato fuori”).

Da Michael Zielenziger, il corrispondente di un’agenzia di stampa che da Tokyo ha fatto conoscere per primo ai lettori occidentali il fenomeno hikikomori, il ritratto di un Oriente che sta cambiando e del resto del mondo che sembra destinato a seguirlo, lungo una strada della quale ancora non si conosce l’uscita.
    


          España necesita un plan nacional de Medicina Personalizada de Precisión como los que existen ya en otros países europeos   
España necesita Medicina Personalizada de Precisión

Para hacer realidad la Medicina Personalizada de Precisión en el día a día, los sistemas de salud necesitan implementar una serie de medidas a nivel organizativo y técnico que hagan realidad esta medicina del futuro en sus hospitales y centros sanitarios. Algunos países de nuestro entorno ya cuentan con planes nacionales en este sentido; sin embargo, España aún tiene esta asignatura pendiente como se ha puesto de manifiesto en la Jornada de actualización sobre Medicina Personalizada de Precisión. Anticipando el futuro. Acelerando los cambios organizada por la Fundación Instituto Roche en Madrid.

Este foro, inaugurado por D. Carlos Lens Cabrera, subdirector general de Calidad de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios del Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad, ha permitido conocer las experiencias que países vecinos, como Francia, han puesto en marcha para que la Medicina Personalizada de Precisión (MPP) no sea sólo un concepto atractivo sobre el papel, sino una realidad que beneficie a cada paciente a nivel individual y al sistema de salud en su conjunto.

“Disponer de un plan nacional de Medicina Personalizada de Precisión es importante porque representa una aproximación hacia una Medicina más científica y eficaz, que puede ayudar a abordar problemas médicos que hoy apenas tienen respuestas y, sobre todo, porque mira hacia el futuro”, ha subrayado el catedrático de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Oviedo, D. Carlos López Otín.

López Otín es uno de los expertos que ha colaborado en la elaboración de la ‘Propuesta de Recomendaciones para una Estrategia Estatal de Medicina Personalizada de Precisión’, un documento de recomendaciones elaborado por expertos de diversas áreas de la medicina y que plantea 56 recomendaciones para que la implantación de la Medicina Personalizada de Precisión en nuestro SNS sea una realidad. El documento cuenta con el aval de 10 sociedades científicas.

En el ámbito de la investigación, ha subrayado el catedrático, España ha contribuido de manera “excelente” a algunos de los grandes proyectos globales dirigidos a implementar estrategias de Medicina Personalizada, como el Consorcio Internacional de los Genomas del Cáncer; sin embargo, “carecemos de un plan general que se acerque a los que ya existen desde hace varios años en otros países como Francia, Alemania, Inglaterra o Finlandia. Aquí hay iniciativas de mucho interés, pero fragmentarias y descoordinadas”. El experto ha concluido que “es necesario establecer un plan nacional y dotarlo de contenido real a todos los niveles incluyendo la regulación, la gobernanza, la formación, la cooperación, la traslación clínica y la investigación”.  

Esa MPP que reclaman los expertos supone un cambio de paradigma radical en la forma de prestar la asistencia sanitaria, incorporando estrategias de diagnóstico y tratamiento más eficaces y seguras y aportando soluciones para garantizar la sostenibilidad de los sistemas sanitarios. Así lo ha demostrado la experiencia francesa presentada en la jornada por Dª. Peggy Baudouin-Cornu, project manager del Centro de Referencia e Innovación del Plan Francés de Medicina Genómica (France Médecine Génomique 2025), el grupo de trabajo encargado de poner en marcha la estrategia nacional en este terreno en el país vecino.

“Los objetivos del plan francés ‘France Mèdicine Genomique 2025’ son, en primer lugar, situar a Francia en los próximos 10 años a la vanguardia de los principales países en el campo de la medicina genómica para exportar la experiencia desarrollada en esta área y el desarrollo de un sector médico e industrial especializado en medicina genómica”, ha explicado la investigadora francesa.

El plan galo de Medicina Genómica comprende tres áreas de diagnóstico y tratamiento: enfermedades raras, cáncer y otras patologías comunes; y como prosigue Baudouin-Cornu “su objetivo es implementar una vía de atención genérica con acceso privilegiado, común a todos los pacientes afectados por cáncer, enfermedades raras o comunes para garantizar de aquí a 2025 el acceso a la medicina genómica para todos los pacientes en nuestro territorio”.

Entre otras cosas, el plan se plantea, de aquí a 2020, secuenciar alrededor de 235.000 genomas por año correspondientes a 20.000 pacientes con enfermedades raras y sus familias y 50.000 pacientes prioritarios, con tumores metastásicos o refractarios al tratamiento. “Más allá de 2020, está previsto ampliar el dispositivo a otras enfermedades comunes”.

Como ha destacado por su parte la Dra. Carmen Ayuso, jefe del Servicio de Genética, directora científica del IIS-FJD y subdirectora de Investigación de la Fundación Jiménez Díaz de Madrid, la realidad demuestra que la Medicina Personalizada de Precisión es ya técnicamente posible gracias a los avances registrados en los laboratorios para el conocimiento de miles de enfermedades. “Estamos cambiando nuestra forma de practicar la medicina, la forma en la que abordamos los problemas de salud. La cuestión que debemos plantearnos es, ‘¿estamos preparados como sociedad para estos cambios?’”, ha planteado al auditorio.

En este sentido, D. Antoni Andreu, director general de Recerca i Innovació en Salut del Departament de Sanitat de la Generalitat de Catalunya, ha destacado que “la incorporación de la genómica y la Medicina Personalizada a la práctica clínica requiere una fuerte colaboración interdisciplinaria entre los diversos actores. Para hacer de la MPP una realidad, es necesario coordinar una serie de procesos que van desde la selección de los pacientes hasta el retorno de los resultados, con actividades transversales subyacentes, como la gestión de los datos y el control de la calidad de las pruebas”. 

“La MPP supone un cambio de paradigma en la forma de prestar asistencia sanitaria, y como consecuencia, una mejor gestión y mejores resultados para los pacientes. Como hemos podido escuchar hoy aquí, algunos países de nuestro entorno ya han comprendido la importancia de contar con una Estrategia Estatal que permita aplicar esta nueva forma de ejercer la medicina de manera homogénea y equitativa para todos los ciudadanos”, ha subrayado Consuelo Martín de Dios en la clausura de la jornada. “En España aún nos queda una parte de ese camino por recorrer, y por eso desde la Fundación Instituto Roche nos enorgullece liderar esta llamada de atención para la puesta en marcha de una estrategia consensuada en nuestro país, con un presupuesto específico y un marco regulatorio que asegure su aplicación en condiciones de igualdad y equidad en todos los hospitales del país”, ha concluido.


          Sentences Reduced on Cuban Volleyball Players Convicted of Rape in Finland   
Five Cuban volleyball players convicted after a rape scandal in Finland received a reduction in their sentences by an appeals court in the northern city of Turku, and one of them was immediately released.

          Hot Spot of the week: Sonkajarvi   
Skill, strength and an understanding wife are the essential prerequisites to take part in this fiercely competitive event in Sonkajarvi, Finland. In a humorous nod to their (thankfully distant) ancestors' fondness for running off with the womenfolk of neighbouring towns, the festival - which takes place on the first Saturday in July - sees men hoist their wives over their shoulders and run like mad for 253.5m.
          Accounts Payable Specialist - Baffinland - Ontario   
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          Thierry Neuville manda en el Rally de Polonia, Ogier cede   
thierry-neuville-201737448_2.jpg

De cuatro a tres contendientes. El segundo bucle del Rally de Polonia ha reducido, al menos a primera vista, la nómina de aspirantes a la victoria. Aunque los ingredientes han sido idénticos al bucle matinal, en este caso el barro y los tramos rotos no han jugado a favor de Sébastien Ogier. El francés ha perdido medio minuto respecto a los tres líderes del rally, que tras 115 kilómetros siguen separados por unos cuantos segundos. Con todo y tras un 'rush' final muy interesante, Thierry Neuville cierra la jornada al frente del Rally de Portugal con una ventaja de 1,3 segundos sobre Ott Tänak.

La lluvia no ha dado tregua a los aficionados presentes en el Rally de Polonia. Fans que han vuelto dejar su sello, en clave negativa, por su deficiente colocación en el SS6. A pesar de los insistentes mensajes del organizador de la prueba para corregir esta situación, el SS6 ha sido neutralizado, restando 6,52 kilómetros a la prueba. Sea como fuere, esta cancelación no era ni de lejos la mayor sorpresa que se daba en los tramos polacos, ya que Teemu Suninen sumaba su primer scratch absoluto en el WRC a los mandos del Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17 con el que está debutando.

Más allá del sorprendente crono de la joven perla finlandesa, el primer tramo real del bucle dejaba patente que las cosas no iban a ser tan fáciles para los líderes. Los grandes charcos y el barro daban paso a unos tramos realmente rotos tras el paso de toda la caravana del rally en el primer bucle, lo que perjudicaba a Sébastien Ogier al abrir pista. De hecho, pilotos con puestos retrasados de salida conseguían asomarse entre los mejores en el SS7. Quizá el caso más claro el de Andreas Mikkelsen, que tras golpear un árbol en el SS5 conseguía seguir en competición gracias al frenético trabajo de sus mecánicos.

thierry-neuville-201737448_1.jpg

La segunda pasada por 'Swietajno' dejaba un nuevo scratch de Thierry Neuville, con Dani Sordo como el segundo piloto más rápido del tramo. Teemu Suninen volvía a rodar entre los mejores para asaltar la séptima posición de la general, aunque era Ott Tänak el que sacaba más rédito al SS8 al escalar al colocarse líder. Un discreto tramo de Jari-Matti Latvala era suficiente para que Tänak diera el salto al primer puesto. En el lado opuesto de la moneda y con notables problemas para encontrar grip, Sébastien Ogier se dejaba 13,5 segundos para colocarse a casi medio minuto de su compañero.

El contragolpe de Thierry Neuville llegaba en el SS9 con un scratch que le permitía asaltar el liderato, posición que ya no abandonaba en lo que restaba de jornada. Ott Tänak y Jari-Matti Latvala no podían seguir el ritmo entre las grandes roderas y el agua estancada presente en varias secciones del último tramo al uso del día, algo que volvía a repercutir en el ritmo de Sébastien Ogier. El francés se dejaba otros 9,9 segundos respecto a Neuville para alejarse por encima del medio minuto del piloto belga. De hecho, Hayden Paddon y Dani Sordo se postulan como amenaza del francés tras la Súper Especial de Mikolajki.

Al cierre de la jornada, Thierry Neuville tiene una ventaja de 1,3 segundos sobre Ott Tänak y de 6,6 segundos sobre Jari-Matti Latvala. Apartado de la lucha por el podio, al menos de forma provisional, Sébastien Ogier cede 35,1 segundos respecto al líder de la prueba y tiene a apenas 4,5 segundos a Hayden Paddon. El cántabro Dani Sordo ocupa la sexta posición con margen más o menos amplio respecto a Teemu Suninen y Juho Hänninen. Stéphane Lefebvre con el primero de los Citroën, toda vez que Craig Breen fue penalizado, y Mads Ostberg cierran el Top 10.

thierry-neuville-201737448_3.jpg

La batalla por el liderato del WRC2 mantiene una gran dosis de emoción. Ole Christian Veiby y Pontus Tidemand no se dan tregua y al final de la jornada han terminado separados por 5,1 segundos. De momento, Ole Christian Veiby está por delante, aunque el empuje del piloto oficial de Skoda está siendo realmente grande. En otro mundo, con más de dos minutos perdidos respecto a los dos pilotos de referencia, Quentin Gilbert cierra el podio provisional. Con todo, el francés tiene una posición muy cómoda ya que Benito Guerra casi está un minuto por detrás.

Por último, cabe destacar el gran zarpazo que ha dado Nil Solans en el Junior WRC y por ende en la clase WRC3. El piloto catalán ha firmado un bucle vespertino casi perfecto, con tres de los cuatro scratch en juego. El español sólo ha cedido el mejor tiempo en la Súper Especial que cerraba la jornada, un mal menor a tenor de la ventaja que ha obtenido. De hecho, Solans ostenta una ventaja de 25,1 segundos sobre Denis Radström y de 42,7 segundos sobre el finlandés Emil Lindholm. Terry Folb aspira al podio de ambas categorías.

Clasificación tras el SS10 del 74º Rally de Polonia

Posición Piloto
Vehículo
Tiempo / Diferencia

Thierry Neuville
Hyundai i20 WRC Coupé
56:21.2

Ott Tänak
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+1.3

Jari-Matti Latvala
Toyota Yaris WRC
+6.6

Sébastien Ogier
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+35.1
Hayden Paddon
Hyundai i20 WRC Coupé
+39.6

Dani Sordo
Hyundai i20 WRC Coupé
+51.7

Teemu Suninen
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+ 1:11.0

Juho Hänninen
Toyota Yaris WRC
+1:28.9

Stéphane Lefebvre
Citroën C3 WRC
+1:37.0
10º
Mads Ostberg
Ford Fiesta RS WRC '17
+ 1:42.7

La segunda etapa del Rally de Polonia arranca este sábado a las 08:08 horas con la disputa del primero de los nueve tramos que componen la jornada. Los pilotos se enfrentarán a 144,74 kilómetros contra el crono.

-

La noticia Thierry Neuville manda en el Rally de Polonia, Ogier cede fue publicada originalmente en @motorpuntoes por Fernando Sancho.


          7/1/2017: TIMES GLOBAL: GERMANY JOINS 22 OTHER NATIONS WHO HAVE LEGALISED GAY UNIONS   

April 2001 | The Netherlands becomes first country in the world to allow gays to marry in a civil ceremony 12 European countries follow Belgium, Britain (except Northern Ireland), Denmark, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway,...
          Se vende - Clarks Zapatillas Niños o Niñas Blanco y Negro... - Subasta   

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          Se vende - Vestido De Verano Jojo Maman Bebe & Calvin Klein... - Subasta   

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          Se vende - Marks & Spencers Niñas Vestido y top establecidos... - Subasta   
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          Sentences Reduced on Cuban Volleyball Players Convicted of Rape in Finland   
Five Cuban volleyball players convicted after a rape scandal in Finland received a reduction in their sentences by an appeals court in the northern city of Turku, and one of them was immediately released.
          Heavy Duty Equipment Technician - Baffinland - Nunavut   
Diagnose equipment problems, disassemble and reassemble components such as engines, transmissions, cooling systems, fuel and exhaust systems, clutch and...
From Baffinland - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 21:09:23 GMT - View all Nunavut jobs
          ECONOMIC ANALYSIS AND CRITERIA FOR LAW   
In the 18th century Adam Smith presented a philosophical foundation for explaining the relationship between law and economics. The discipline arose partly out of a critique of trade unions and U.S. antitrust law. The most influential proponents, such as Richard Posner and Oliver Williamson and the so-called Chicago School of economists and lawyers including Milton Friedman and Gary Becker, are generally advocates of deregulation and privatisation, and are hostile to state regulation or what they see as restrictions on the operation of free markets

The most prominent economic analyst of law is 1991 Nobel Prize winner Ronald Coase, whose first major article, The Nature of the Firm (1937), argued that the reason for the existence of firms (companies, partnerships, etc.) is the existence of transaction costs. Rational individuals trade through bilateral contracts on open markets until the costs of transactions mean that using corporations to produce things is more cost-effective. His second major article, The Problem of Social Cost (1960), argued that if we lived in a world without transaction costs, people would bargain with one another to create the same allocation of resources, regardless of the way a court might rule in property disputes. Coase used the example of a nuisance case named Sturges v Bridgman, where a noisy sweetmaker and a quiet doctor were neighbours and went to court to see who should have to move. Coase said that regardless of whether the judge ruled that the sweetmaker had to stop using his machinery, or that the doctor had to put up with it, they could strike a mutually beneficial bargain about who moves house that reaches the same outcome of resource distribution. Only the existence of transaction costs may prevent this. So the law ought to pre-empt what would happen, and be guided by the most efficient solution. The idea is that law and regulation are not as important or effective at helping people as lawyers and government planners believe. Coase and others like him wanted a change of approach, to put the burden of proof for positive effects on a government that was intervening in the market, by analysing the costs of action.

Sociology of law
Sociology of law is a diverse field of study that examines the interaction of law with society and overlaps with jurisprudence, economic analysis of law and more specialised subjects such as criminology. The institutions of social construction and legal frameworks are the relevant areas for the discipline's inquiry. At first, legal theorists were suspicious of the discipline. Kelsen attacked one of its founders, Eugen Ehrlich, who sought to make distinct the differences between positive law, which lawyers learn and apply, and other forms of 'law' or social norms that regulate everyday life, generally preventing conflicts from reaching lawyers and courts
Around 1900 Max Weber defined his "scientific" approach to law, identifying the "legal rational form" as a type of domination, not attributable to people but to abstract norms. Legal rationalism was his term for a body of coherent and calculable law which formed a precondition for modern political developments and the modern bureaucratic state and developed in parallel with the growth of capitalism. Another sociologist, Émile Durkheim, wrote in The Division of Labour in Society that as society becomes more complex, the body of civil law concerned primarily with restitution and compensation grows at the expense of criminal laws and penal sanctions. Other notable early legal sociologists included Hugo Sinzheimer, Theodor Geiger, Georges Gurvitch and Leon Petrażycki in Europe, and William Graham Sumner in the U.S

Legal institutions
The main institutions of law in industrialised countries are independent courts, representative parliaments, an accountable executive, the military and police, bureaucratic organisation, the legal profession and civil society itself. John Locke, in his Two Treatises of Government, and Baron de Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws, advocated for a separation of powers between the political, legislature and executive bodies. Their principle was that no person should be able to usurp all powers of the state, in contrast to the absolutist theory of Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan. Max Weber and others reshaped thinking on the extension of state. Modern military, policing and bureaucratic power over ordinary citizens' daily lives pose special problems for accountability that earlier writers such as Locke or Montesquieu could not have foreseen. The custom and practice of the legal profession is an important part of people's access to justice, whilst civil society is a term used to refer to the social institutions, communities and partnerships that form law's political basis.

Judiciary
A judiciary is a number of judges mediating disputes to determine outcome. Most countries have systems of appeal courts, answering up to a supreme legal authority. In the United States, this is the Supreme Court; in Australia, the High Court; in the UK, the Supreme Court; in Germany, the Bundesverfassungsgericht; in France, the Cour de Cassation. For most European countries the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg can overrule national law, when EU law is relevant. The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg allows citizens of the Council of Europe member states to bring cases relating to human rights issues before it.

Some countries allow their highest judicial authority to over-rule legislation they determined as unconstitutional. In Roe v Wade, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned a Texas law which forbade the granting of assistance to women seeking abortion. The U.S.'s constitution's fourteenth amendment was interpreted to give Americans a right to privacy, and thus a woman's right to choose abortion.

A judiciary is theoretically bound by the constitution, much as legislative bodies are. In most countries judges may only interpret the constitution and all other laws. But in common law countries, where matters are not constitutional, the judiciary may also create law under the doctrine of precedent. The UK, Finland and New Zealand assert the ideal of parliamentary sovereignty, whereby the unelected judiciary may not overturn law passed by a democratic legislature. In communist states, such as China, the courts are often regarded as parts of the executive, or subservient to the legislature; governmental institutions and actors exert thus various forms of influence on the judiciary. In Muslim countries, courts often examine whether state laws adhere to the Sharia: the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt may invalidate such laws, and in Iran the Guardian Council ensures the compatibility of the legislation with the "criteria of Islam

Legislature
Prominent examples of legislatures are the Houses of Parliament in London, the Congress in Washington D.C., the Bundestag in Berlin, the Duma in Moscow, the Parlamento Italiano in Rome and the Assemblée nationale in Paris. By the principle of representative government people vote for politicians to carry out their wishes. Although countries like Israel, Greece, Sweden and China are unicameral, most countries are bicameral, meaning they have two separately appointed legislative houses. In the 'lower house' politicians are elected to represent smaller constituencies. The 'upper house' is usually elected to represent states in a federal system (as in Australia, Germany or the United States) or different voting configuration in a unitary system (as in France). In the UK the upper house is appointed by the government as a house of review. One criticism of bicameral systems with two elected chambers is that the upper and lower houses may simply mirror one another. The traditional justification of bicameralism is that an upper chamber acts as a house of review. This can minimise arbitrariness and injustice in governmental action.

To pass legislation, a majority of Members of Parliament must vote for a bill (proposed law) in each house. Normally there will be several readings and amendments proposed by the different political factions. If a country has an entrenched constitution, a special majority for changes to the constitution will be required, making changes to the law more difficult. A government usually leads the process, which can be formed from Members of Parliament (e.g. the UK or Germany). But in a presidential system, an executive appoints a cabinet to govern from his or her political allies whether or not they are elected (e.g. the United States or Brazil), and the legislature's role is reduced to either ratification or veto.

Executive
The executive in a legal system serve as a government's centre of political authority. In a parliamentary system, as with Britain, Italy, Germany, India, and Japan, the executive is known as the cabinet, and composed of members of the legislature. The executive is chosen by the Prime Minister or Chancellor, whose office holds power under the confidence of the legislature. Because popular elections appoint political parties to govern, the leader of a party can change in between elections. The head of state is apart from the executive, and symbolically enacts laws and acts as representative of the nation. Examples include the German president (appointed by the Parliament); the Queen of the United Kingdom (a hereditary title), and the Austrian president (elected by popular vote). The other important model is the presidential system, found in France, the U.S. and Russia. In presidential systems, the executive acts as both head of state and head of government, and has power to appoint an unelected cabinet. Under a presidential system, the executive branch is separate from the legislature to which is not accountable.

Although the role of the executive varies from country to country, usually it will propose the majority of legislation, and propose government agenda. In presidential systems, the executive often has the power to veto legislation. Most executives in both systems are responsible for foreign relations, the military and police, and the bureaucracy. Ministers or other officials head a country's public offices, such as a foreign ministry or interior ministry. The election of a different executive is therefore capable of revolutionising an entire country's approach to government.

Military and police
While military organizations have existed as long as government itself, the idea of a standing police force is relatively modern concept. Mediæval England's system of traveling criminal courts, or assizes, used show trials and public executions to instill communities with fear to maintain control. The first modern police were probably those in 17th-century Paris, in the court of Louis XIV, although the Paris Prefecture of Police claim they were the world's first uniformed policemen.

Weber famously argued that the state is that which controls the legitimate monopoly of the means of violence. The military and police carry out enforcement at the request of the government or the courts. The term failed state refers to states that cannot implement or enforce policies; their police and military no longer control security and order and society moves into anarchy, the absence of government.

Bureaucracy
The etymology of "bureaucracy" derives from the French word for "office" (bureau) and the Ancient Greek for word "power" (kratos). Like the military and police, a legal system's government servants and bodies that make up its bureaucracy carry out the directives of the executive. One of the earliest references to the concept was made by Baron de Grimm, a German author who lived in France. In 1765 he wrote,

The real spirit of the laws in France is that bureaucracy of which the late Monsieur de Gournay used to complain so greatly; here the offices, clerks, secretaries, inspectors and intendants are not appointed to benefit the public interest, indeed the public interest appears to have been established so that offices might exist.

Cynicism over "officialdom" is still common, and the workings of public servants is typically contrasted to private enterprise motivated by profit. In fact private companies, especially large ones, also have bureaucracies. Negative perceptions of "red tape" aside, public services such as schooling, health care, policing or public transport are a crucial state function making public bureaucratic action the locus of government power. Writing in the early 20th century, Max Weber believed that a definitive feature of a developed state had come to be its bureaucratic support. Weber wrote that the typical characteristics of modern bureaucracy are that officials define its mission, the scope of work is bound by rules, management is composed of career experts, who manage top down, communicating through writing and binding public servants' discretion with rules.

Legal profession
A corollary of the rule of law is the existence of a legal profession sufficiently autonomous to be able to invoke the authority of the independent judiciary; the right to assistance of an advocate in a court proceeding emanates from this corollary—in England the function of barrister or advocate is distinguished from legal counselor (solicitor). As the European Court of Human Rights has stated, the law should be adequately accessible to everyone and people should be able to foresee how the law affects them. In order to maintain professionalism, the practice of law is typically overseen by either a government or independent regulating body such as a bar association, bar council or law society. Modern lawyers achieve distinct professional identity through specified legal procedures (e.g. successfully passing a qualifying examination), are required by law to have a special qualification (a legal education earning the student a Bachelor of Laws, a Bachelor of Civil Law or a Juris Doctor degree), and are constituted in office by legal forms of appointment (being admitted to the bar). Most Muslim countries have developed similar rules about legal education and the legal profession, but some still allow lawyers with training in traditional Islamic law to practice law before personal status law courts. In China and other developing countries there are not enough law-trained people to staff the existing judicial systems, and, accordingly, formal standards are more relaxed.

Once accredited, a lawyer will often work in a law firm, in a chambers as a sole practitioner, in a government post or in a private corporation as an internal counsel. In addition a lawyer may become a legal researcher who provides on-demand legal research through a library, a commercial service or through freelance work. Many people trained in law put their skills to use outside the legal field entirely. Significant to the practice of law in the common law tradition is the legal research to determine the current state of the law. This usually entails exploring case-law reports, legal periodicals and legislation. Law practice also involves drafting documents such as court pleadings, persuasive briefs, contracts, or wills and trusts. Negotiation and dispute resolution skills (including ADR techniques) are also important to legal practice, depending on the field.

Civil society
Classical republican concept of "civil society" dates back to Hobbes and Locke. Locke saw civil society as people who have "a common established law and judicature to appeal to, with authority to decide controversies between them." German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel distinguished the "state" from "civil society" (burgerliche Gesellschaft) in Elements of the Philosophy of Right. Hegel believed that civil society and the state were polar opposites, within the scheme of his dialectic theory of history. The modern dipole state–civil society was reproduced in the theories of Alexis de Tocqueville and Karl Marx. Nowadays in post-modern theory civil society is necessarily a source of law, by being the basis from which people form opinions and lobby for what they believe law should be. As Australian barrister and author Geoffrey Robertson QC wrote of international law,

... one of its primary modern sources is found in the responses of ordinary men and women, and of the non-governmental organizations which many of them support, to the human rights abuses they see on the television screen in their living rooms.

Freedom of speech, freedom of association and many other individual rights allow people to gather, discuss, criticise and hold to account their governments, from which the basis of a deliberative democracy is formed. The more people are involved with, concerned by and capable of changing how political power is exercised over their lives, the more acceptable and legitimate the law becomes to the people. The most familiar institutions of civil society include economic markets, profit-oriented firms, families, trade unions, hospitals, universities, schools, charities, debating clubs, non-governmental organisations, neighbourhoods, churches, and religious associations.
          Comment on Kenrazy – Ile Kitu by play poker for money no deposit   
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The post Scandic overtager 43 hoteller i Finland appeared first on HRG Denmark.


          Warehouse Technician - Fixed Term - 6 Months - Baffinland - Nunavut   
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          Las emergencias espirituales ante la industria psiquiátrica   
Varios videos

“Muchos sucesos de los estados no habituales de la mente,
incluso aquellos que son dramáticos y alcanzan proporciones psicóticas,
no constituyen forzosamente síntomas en sentido médico estricto.
Nosotros los consideramos como crisis en la evolución de la conciencia,
o “emergencias espirituales”,
comparables a los estados descritos
por las diversas tradiciones místicas del mundo." 

Christina Grof y Stanislav Grof 

“Pensamos que existen personas normales
y luego están las que sufren patologías
y tienen depresión o ansiedad o adicciones
o esquizofrenia o trastorno bipolar o TDAH
o cualesquiera otros problemas.
Lo que yo observo es un continuo, en el que todos estamos.
Estos rasgos, en un grado u en otro,
están presentes en casi todas las personas
y es una mitología pensar que existe lo normal
y luego está lo anormal.”
Dr. Gabor Maté


“Existen muy buenas soluciones para ayudar a personas perturbadas
pero éstas van en contra de las empresas farmacéuticas,
los programas gubernamentales, la medicina institucional.”

“El restablecimiento de las conexiones sociales dentro de la familia.
Ésa es la respuesta”

Dr. Peter Breggin

“Necesitamos una completa revolución en psiquiatría
basada en utilizar más la psicoterapia,
en tratar a las personas con empatía, comprensión y respeto,
aunque se trate de psicóticos.”
Dr. Peter Gøtzsche


“A lo largo de la historia, las personas que pasan por crisis espirituales intensas son reconocidas por muchas culturas como bienaventuradas; se cree que están en contacto directo con espacios sagrados y seres divinos. Sus sociedades las apoyan a lo largo de estos episodios cruciales, proporcionándoles refugio e interrumpiendo las exigencias normales. En sus comunidades hay miembros respetados, que habiendo pasado por sus propias emergencias, pueden reconocer y comprender un proceso semejante en otros y por ello respetar la expresión del impulso místico y creativo. Las experiencias, en ocasiones dramáticas y espectaculares, eran alimentadas en la confianza de que dichos individuos volverían a la comunidad con una mayor sabiduría y una mejor capacidad de estar en el mundo, en beneficio propio y en el de la sociedad.”
Christina Grof y Stanislav Grof
La tormentosa búsqueda del ser


“En las personas que atraviesan una crisis evolutiva de esta naturaleza, las etiquetas patológicas y la utilización insensible de diversas medidas represivas, que incluyen el control de los síntomas mediante medicación, pueden interferir en el potencial positivo del proceso. La consecuente dependencia a largo plazo de los tranquilizantes y sus bien conocidos efectos secundarios, la pérdida de vitalidad y una manera de vivir limitada, contrastan tristemente con aquellas raras situaciones en las que la crisis de transformación de la persona ha sido alentada, reconocida, y se ha permitido que llegue a su plenitud. Por ello, nunca se podrá exagerar la importancia de comprender la emergencia espiritual y de desarrollar enfoques comprensivos y eficaces para elaborar sistemas de tratamiento y de apoyo adecuados.”
Christina Grof y Stanislav Grof
El poder curativo de las crisis


Un cambio de paradigma: De la Ciencia Materialista a la Emergencia Espiritual Stan Grof y Sitara Blasco:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=395TsLTGBT8


“Las personas con emergencias espirituales estan bajo la influencia inmensa de estas energías que van emergiendo y necesitan un espacio donde puedan trabajar con estas energías y completar su proceso, descargar de algún modo todo eso para volver a la vida cotidiana y seguir funcionando.”

“Un mensaje que normalmente los psiquiatras dan es “estás enfermo. Tienes una enfermedad muy importante”. Y normalmente el psiquiatra dice: “y más vale que lo manejemos muy rápido, que inmediatamente empecemos a administrarte tranquilizantes, y si tienes esta disposición que te va adentrando a estos estados especiales, esto te va a ocurrir el resto de tu vida, así que puede que haya periodos en los que tengas que tomar medicación o medicación de mantenimiento para evitar que este material emerja”. Sin embargo más bien la solución es permitir que el material emerja completamente para que se cierre la gestalt. Si el proceso es muy activo y uno administra tranquilizantes entonces lo que haces es suprimir los síntomas pero la inteligencia del propio organismo sigue intentando empujar que el material emerja. Así que a veces los psiquiatras dicen “vamos a ver si esta persona sigue enferma, voy a bajarle la medicación”. En cuanto baja la medicación, los síntomas vuelven a emerger y entonces el psiquiatra dice “¿ves? Todavía está enferma”.Así que si la persona desde el principio empieza así, se empieza a crear como una situación de bola de nieve que va creando un estigma, una serie de hospitalizaciones, una gran cantidad de medicación, los efectos secundarios de los tranquilizantes que suelen ser importantes... Pero más que nada lo peor es que las personas que estan medicadas de esta manera se convierten en una especie de zombis pues lo que se hace es inhibir su vitalidad.”

“(...) no quieren que te mueras, porque una vez estás muerto ya no pagas impuestos, ya no contribuyes a las arcas, pero tampoco te quieren completamente vivo, porque si estuvieras completamente despierto entonces tampoco aceptarías lo que está pasando a nivel político, lo que está pasando con la violencia mundial, etc., así que es para el mejor interés de los sistemas políticos del mundo tenernos sedados para poder funcionar como ellos quieren y que no causemos problemas. Y toda esta política está apoyada por supuesto por muchísimo dinero que tienen las empresas farmacéuticas (...)”

 
“La otra estrategia sin embargo, es considerar que la persona está en un estado muy valioso, de un proceso difícil que bien manejado puede ser sanador y transformador (…) El problema con esta alternativa es que los procesos pueden ser tan intensos que no se pueden manejar en una situación de paciente ambulatorio donde la persona viene para 1 o 2 horas y ya está, sino que haga falta una atención continua 24h al día para que la persona pueda estar acompañada. El problema es que no tenemos lugares para proporcionar este apoyo para que la persona no reciba la medicación tradicional porque las empresas de seguros no pagan por este tipo de tratamiento o enfoque.”

Stanislav Grof



También te puede interesar: 
*Stanislav Grof www.stanislavgrof.com/
*Respiración Holotrópica España
http://holotropica.org/
*Iker Puente http://www.ikerpuente.com/
*Servicio de Emergencia Espiritual https://www.emergenciaespiritual.com/




“El proceso de transformación está guiado por una sabiduría profunda”
Christina Grof y Stanislav Grof



Dr. Gabor Maté: "El mito de la normalidad": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ApgIirHoJyw


“Pensamos que existen personas normales y luego están las que sufren patologías y tienen depresión o ansiedad o adicciones o esquizofrenia o trastorno bipolar o TDAH o cualesquiera otros problemas. Lo que yo observo es un continuo, en el que todos estamos. Estos rasgos, en un grado u en otro, están presentes en casi todas las personas y es una mitología pensar que existe lo normal y luego está lo anormal. Bueno, según las investigaciones, el mejor lugar del mundo para ser esquizofrénico no es América del Norte con toda su farmacopea, sino, en realidad, un pueblecito de África o la India, donde hay aceptación, donde las personas hacen espacio para tus diferencias, donde la conexión no se interrumpe sino que se mantiene, donde no se te excluye y se te condena al ostracismo, sino que se te acoge, y donde hay espacio para que pases al acto lo que sea que necesites pasar al acto, o expresar lo que necesites expresar, y puede incluso que la comunidad entera cante o coree contigo o celebre una ceremonia contigo y... quizás encontrar algún significado en tu “locura”. Así que es contextual y es cultural, de modo que la enfermedad no es un fenómeno aislado de un individuo, es un paradigma fabricado o construido por la cultura.”

“Una sociedad que nos separa de nuestra espiritualidad, que nos separa de la propia sociedad mediante la idealización del individualismo y destruyendo el contexto social, lo cual ocurre en nuestra sociedad, y que ignora nuestras necesidades emocionales, será una sociedad que genere patologías.”

Dr. Gabor Maté


Más videos:
 
*https://www.youtube.com/user/myreddays/videos




“Aprendí de inmediato que los tratamientos psiquiátricos
estaban haciendo más daño que bien
(…) y que la respuesta para ayudar al ser humano más perturbado,
en las peores condiciones posibles,
eran las relaciones humanas.
Y, otra vez no puedo deciros exactamente por qué,
pero desde el principio me pareció que se trataba de amor.
Se trataba de personas cuidándose entre ellas.
Así que en los '50 ya escribía acerca del amor como cura.”
Dr. Peter Breggin


Dr. Peter Breggin:
Cómo ayuda a psicóticos sin drogas psiquiátricas
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m0zQPlAkUbo


“Así que ¿cuál es el principio de la recuperación para esta persona? No es muy complicado. Es la construcción de una relación de confianza con alguien. Y con suerte, si los padres son responsables y están dispuestos a participar, el restablecimiento de las conexiones sociales dentro de la familia. Ésa es la respuesta. Ésa es la respuesta. Sin siquiera preocuparse acerca de por qué una persona deviene perturbada y otra no, cuánta culpa tiene la madre o los padres, por qué el entramado social se viene abajo. Sin siquiera preocuparnos por eso. Sabemos qué cura. Y la familia cura. Y una relación terapéutica afectuosa puede curar.
Sorprendentemente, uno de los momentos de la terapia más asombrosamente efectivos es la primera sesión, con una persona joven que no está muy medicada, con suerte no medicada en abosoluto, que acaba de llegar y que está muy, muy loca. Y uno se sienta con esa persona tranquilamente y le transmite confianza. Yo empiezo diciendo: “Puedes contarme lo que quieras porque nunca encierro a personas en contra de su voluntad, y he oído que te han amenazado con eso. Yo no hago eso. Y no prescribo medicamentos cuando las personas están muy alteradas emocionalmente. Quiero decir, me puedes contar la cosa más aterradora; no voy a darte psicofármacos. Así que estás a salvo. Podemos tan solo hablar.” Y puedo observar que parte del miedo desaparece, cuando la persona empieza a pensar que quizás sus sentimientos me importan y que quiero crear un espacio seguro y afectuoso, en el que desprendo un aura de curación, un aura de afecto y de empatía, porque en realidad lo siento. No soy muy bueno fingiendo, creédme. Bajo esas circunstancias, uno observa a la persona retornar de un estado de profunda locura en un período relativamente corto. Uno incluso puede observarlo en minutos. Uno observa que en 45 minutos la persona ya no ladea la cabeza para escuchar, o mirando a través de la ventana, o con los ojos clavados en los pies. Y la persona se está relacionando contigo. Y si le preguntas: “Todavía oyes cosas?”, puede que responda: “No”. No, no se ha terminado todo. La vida no va a ser un camino de rosas después de eso. Pero uno observa este proceso tener lugar con rapidez. Ahora, si uno tiene al padre y a la madre, allí, y quizás a la abuela, o quizás otra persona de la familia, o un amigo, en la sala de espera, y uno hace que todos entren, y uno habla con ellos de cómo ayudarles a sanar sus relaciones. No va a ser una culpabilización de quién hizo qué a quién. Eso no va a funcionar. Vamos a hablar de cómo relacionarnos entre nosotros de un modo afectuoso. Y uso la palabra “afectuoso”. Sé que las personas se pasan décadas yendo al psiquiatra y nunca oyen la palabra. Pero creo que es la palabra clave. ¿Cómo vamos a comunicarnos de un modo comprensivo, afectuoso? Y quizás para empezar, con respeto bastará. Así que... “No seamos irrespetuosos. Sé que estáis todos alterados, pero no intentemos otro enfoque.” Y si la familia, los padres, responden a eso, uno puede ayudar a la persona en cuestión de semanas, ni siquiera meses o años. Uno puede ayudar a alguien que tuvo una crisis en verano, volver a la escuela en otoño. Ahora, esto no es algo nuevo (…) Esto se ha hecho una y otra vez durante siglos".

“Así que quería que supiérais (…) que existen muy buenas soluciones para ayudar a personas perturbadas pero éstas van en contra de las empresas farmacéuticas, los programas gubernamentales, la medicina institucional. Necesitamos que la población pida estas cosas.”

“(...) Se llama Open Dialogue [Diálogo Abierto] y es un programa finlandés. Y en ese programa cuando una persona de esa comunidad -es en Laponia- sufre una crisis, un equipo acude a su casa y tienen un diálogo abierto. Hablan entre ellos, con la familia, con el paciente. Y tienen un dicho: que la esquizofrenia existe entre los miembros de la familia. Y son tan efectivos que rara vez usan psicofármacos. Y todavía menos usan los fuertes antipsicóticos. Son tan efectivos que el índice de esquizofrenia ha descendido casi a cero porque la gente está siendo ayudada, en Laponia, por parte de estas solidarias intervenciones orientadas a la familia. No ignoramos cómo ayudar a las personas. No ignoramos cómo ayudar a las personas más perturbadas. Yo lo hice con 18 años, terapeutas de todo el mundo todavía lo hacen, existen proyectos en todo el globo, pero necesitamos que vosotros, la población, diga: “Esto es lo que queremos. Queremos refugios solidarios a los que ir cuando estamos desesperados”. Gracias.”

Dr. Peter Breggin



Más videos:

*Libertad psiquiatrizada https://libertadpsiquiatrizada.wordpress.com/videos/
*Canal de videos de la CCDH - Comisión Ciudadana de Derechos Humanoshttps://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLxgzn5gqi2k5X0AH-XVp0w/videos




Rueda prensa Peter Gøtzsche en Barcelona
VO English Español subt:

¡Hay tantas cosas que han sido ocultadas! Y algunas de estas cosas son muchas de las muertes causadas por los medicamentos psiquiátricos. En los informes de los ensayos clínicos que se publican, los fabricantes de los fármacos psiquiátricos suelen omitir los suicidios y otras muertes. Por tanto, dado que la literatura publicada no es de fiar, tanto los psiquiatras como los demás médicos desconocen en realidad la peligrosidad de los medicamentos psiquiátricos. La mayoría de las investigaciones están realizadas por las compañías farmacéuticas, que tienen un gran interés en ocultar los daños graves causados por sus medicamentos.

Tras muchísimos años de estudio he llegado a la conclusión de que la manera en que utilizamos los medicamentos psiquiátricos causa mucho más daño que beneficio. Los usamos más de la cuenta, matamos y mutilamos a mucha gente, y les causamos daños cerebrales permanentes, por lo que a la gente le cuesta volver posteriormente a su vida normal. Habría que utilizarlos mucho menos, como máximo sólo un 2% de lo que se utiliza actualmente. Parece imposible conseguir que los médicos los reduzcan al nivel en que los psicofármacos harían más bien que mal. Esto ocurre porque la industria farmacéutica es muy poderosa y miente metódicamente sobre sus medicamentos. Miente tanto en el marketing como en la publicación de los resultados de la investigación de los medicamentos.”

Cuando se envían soldados a la guerra uno es consciente de que se les puede estar mandando a la muerte. Pero esas personas deciden por sí mismas si desean ser soldados o no, así que conocen los riesgos de antemano. La diferencia con los pacientes psiquiátricos es que ellos no deciden convertirse en pacientes psiquiátricos y en cambio, sí corren el riesgo de morir a causa de los medicamentos que se les obliga a tomar. Así que necesitamos una completa revolución en psiquiatría basada en utilizar más la psicoterapia, en tratar a las personas con empatía, comprensión y respeto, aunque se trate de psicóticos. Si los tratamos así, cuando ellos se sientan respetados y sepan que no serán forzados a nada, les aseguro que los podremos calmar. La compulsión y la violencia generan violencia. Así que cuando los pacientes psicóticos reaccionan violentamente, a veces es porque los profesionales fueron antes violentos con ellos."

“Si queremos ayudar a un paciente con depresión usando psicoterapia, no es una buena idea embotar sus sentimientos. Sin embargo, esto es precisamente lo que hacen los antidepresivos, reducen los sentimientos. Hacen que el paciente sienta menos, menos tristeza, pero también menos felicidad. En psicoterapia se trabaja precisamente con los sentimientos de las personas. Y cuando alguien se convierte en paciente psiquiátrico, los sentimientos deben aflorar y se debe hablar de ellos para ver cómo reaccionan las personas. La psicoterapia trabaja con esto, pero es difícil hacerlo si los pacientes tienen los sentimientos embotados por los fármacos.”

Dr. Peter Gøtzsche

Fuente:
*La psiquiatría, una pseudocienciahttps://timefortruth.es/2017/02/10/la-psiquiatria-una-pseudociencia/
*Extracto en pdf de la Rueda de prensa:https://alish25.files.wordpress.com/2017/02/extracto-rueda-prensa-peter-gotzsche.pdf

 

"Una persona que pasa por una emergencia espiritual,
ya sea suave o intensa,

a menudo necesita un punto de referencia o apoyo,
alguien con los pies en el suelo,
alguien que pueda darle la seguridad,
desde su sólida posición,
de que todo va bien.
Si alguien vuela más allá del mundo cotidiano
explorando nuevos territorios,
puede necesitar a otra persona
que sostenga la cuerda de la cometa;
quienes bucean en las profundidades
necesitan de una línea de comunicación vital.
Las experiencias e ideas en las que se ven inmersos
son extrañas, poderosas, sorprendentes y desorientadoras.
Produce una cierta tranquilidad poder preguntarse:
“¿Sigo en el buen camino?”
y escuchar de labios de una voz sólida y de confianza,
“Sí, estás a salvo,
el mundo sigue aquí al igual que yo.
Prosigue con tu aventura”
.”

Christina Grof y Stanislav Grof
La tormentosa búsqueda del ser



También te puede interesar:
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none
          : Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, 06 30 - 06:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          Michael Apple: “Los niños prefieren jugar Angry Birds, que Leer”   




El filósofo Michael W. Apple (1942) es un especialista en educación, y un experto en la teoría curricular y la investigación, la enseñanza fundamental, y el desarrollo de las escuelas democráticas. Es particularmente un estudioso crítico de la teoría de Paulo Freire. Actualmente es profesor en la Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison (USA).


Compartimos, con fines únicamente educativos – pastorales la entrevista que sostuvo con Paula Molina del Portal “Qué Pasa” de Chile; y aunque se refiere en particular a la educación chilena (en buena parte del diálogo), consideramos muy interesante conocer su opinión también sobre los salarios y la evaluación docente, Singapur, Inglaterra y la excesiva preparación para las pruebas, que han hecho a los niños restar importancia a la lectura.

“Hemos conseguido que los niños odien leer”

El estadounidense Michael Apple, uno de los filósofos de la educación más importantes del mundo, advierte sobre los modelos educativos que está mirando Chile en su reforma, y sobre el peligro de los test. “Uno no es un número”, sentencia.

“Me preocupa Chile”, dice Michael Apple.

Se trata de uno de los principales filósofos de la educación en el mundo. Académico estadounidense, profesor de la Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison, Apple es uno de los principales teóricos de la pedagogía crítica de Paulo Freire, y la suya es una mirada inquisitiva sobre la educación en su país y en el mundo, similar a la que plantea Noam Chomsky en política.
El profesor recibe a Qué Pasa en la capital chilena, hasta donde viajó para ser investido como Doctor Honoris Causa de la Universidad de Santiago.

—¿Qué le preocupa de Chile?

—Chile ha liderado un tipo particular de reforma durante las últimas décadas, basada en los vouchers, la privatización, la profesionalización de los profesores, la selección de los alumnos. Bachelet está tratando de moderar y cambiar esas reformas. Es un paquete, pero algunos de sus elementos me preocupan. Uno de ellos es el de los vouchers. Está ampliamente probado que los vouchers no reducen la desigualdad y que, en el mejor de los casos, la mantienen. En Estados Unidos han tenido efectos muy perversos.

—¿Qué otro aspecto le inquieta?

—Lo que se llama la profesionalización de los profesores. Daré un ejemplo estadounidense, ya que Chile ha tomado mucho de allá, desde los Chicago Boys hasta su armamento. Allí Obama, a quien respeto, propuso que el salario de los profesores dependiera en parte de los resultados de las pruebas a los estudiantes.
Pero ya sabemos, ampliamente, que si miro dónde vives y en qué trabajan tus padres, voy a ser capaz de predecir, con una pequeña variación estadística, cómo te va a ir en cualquier prueba que te tome. Aún así, el sistema hace que a los profesores sólo les preocupen las pruebas, y a los niños sólo se los prepare para contestarlas. Los profesores son menos profesionales, menos autónomos y la mayoría de los niños recibe una educación poco robusta, donde no se les enseña ciencia, ni arte, no leen nada importante, porque sólo los evaluamos según sus habilidades básicas en lectura y matemáticas. Miro a Chile con los ojos de muchos países, respeto las luchas por la democracia que aquí se han dado, pero me preocupa que en la reforma se incorporen ideas que vienen de EE.UU. o Inglaterra, cuando allá están en el debate.

—¿Hacia dónde miraría usted, en cambio?

—Si Chile va a mirar a otros países, tiene que saber qué está pasando en ellos. En Inglaterra se está planteando convertir los colegios en “academias”, que dependan a nivel local, que compitan entre ellas en un sistema muy similar al que se impuso en Chile. Eso reduce el presupuesto público para educación, y favorece a los colegios privados y a las familias que pueden pagarlos. Sabemos que los barrios determinarán los resultados de los colegios. Sabemos que los colegios seleccionan a los alumnos, aunque el Estado lo prohíba. La idea del sistema es que los padres eligen, pero eso no pasa en ningún lugar del mundo. Los colegios eligen a los niños y a los padres.

—Descartamos Inglaterra entonces…

—Y claro, hay una nación que, se supone, valdría la pena mirar: Finlandia. He pasado mucho tiempo en Finlandia, y me parecería perfecto seguir su ejemplo, si Chile o Estados Unidos, que también ama a Finlandia, como casi todos los países, hicieran lo que ellos hacen: doblar o triplicar el sueldo de los profesores, pagar sus estudios de posgrado, permitir sindicatos poderosos. Y necesitaríamos además un sistema de seguridad social muy fuerte, para que la diferencia entre ricos y pobres sea pequeña. En Chile es enorme, igual que en Estados Unidos, donde además va en aumento. En Finlandia, si un padre queda sin trabajo, su hijo recibirá ropa de calidad, para que nadie sea marginado porque no tiene qué ponerse. Si quiero seguir el camino de un país, no sólo miraría su educación, sino todo lo demás.

—¿Miraría a otros países con buenos resultados?

—Primero, insistiría: los buenos alumnos y los buenos profesores no se miden en las pruebas. Yo nací muy pobre. Fui la primera generación de mi familia que terminó la educación secundaria. Y aquí estoy, soy un profesor. Así que yo sé que, a veces, las escuelas pueden compensar la pobreza. Pero también sé que la mayor parte del tiempo no pueden, a menos que la educación se vincule a otras reformas sociales.

—¿Qué piensa del caso de Singapur?

En el caso de Singapur hay escuelas de élite, donde los alumnos reciben una educación creativa, interesante, orientada a formar doctores, políticos, abogados. El resto de la población es educado para responder las pruebas. Y luego tienes un enorme grupo de inmigrantes provenientes de China, India, Filipinas a cuyos hijos, simplemente, no se les toma la prueba. Shanghái es aun más interesante. Yo hice clases en Shanghái, que es una ciudad impresionante. Imagina una ciudad donde todos los edificios son como el que ustedes tienen en Santiago (la torre del Costanera Center). Se ve muy rico. Pero en China unos 300 millones de personas han migrado del campo a la ciudad. Y China desarrolló un sistema de pases de residencia para moverse de un lado hacia otro. Con los trabajadores hace vista ciega, porque necesita mano de obra, pero que no les permite traer a sus hijos a la ciudad. Los niños entran igual, pero quedan sin acceso a la educación. Los educan de forma ilegal, en fábricas viejas, en garajes sin calefacción. O los incorporan a programas de “educación especial”, pero en ningún caso rinden las pruebas. Sólo los niños que tienen permiso de residencia van a las escuelas públicas y dan las pruebas. Mi punto es que las mediciones pueden ser muy engañosas. Chile debe entender que si toma una idea de Singapur, o de cómo se enseña matemáticas en Shanghái, tiene que preguntarse cuánto sabe de esa sociedad.

—¿Cuál es la alternativa a las pruebas estandarizadas para medir la educación?

—Tenemos que encontrar formas distintas de evaluación. En Maine, Estados Unidos, sólo el 25% de la evaluación de niños y profesores se basa en sus resultados en las pruebas. El resto es observación, participación, se contempla el portafolio de los estudiantes, su desempeño en arte, poesía, su capacidad para escribir ensayos. Son evaluaciones que toman tiempo y trabajo. Pero los profesores sienten que se les trata como a profesionales, y no sienten que tienen una prueba sobre su cabeza cada día.

—¿No hay nada que podamos aprender de los resultados de las pruebas?

—Parte de la realidad se puede evaluar a través de números. En educación, los números son los test. Pero si usted le pide a alguien que evalúe su día, esa persona no le dará un número, le va a contar una historia. Uno no es un número, uno tiene un relato mucho más rico. No me opongo a la evidencia, pero los profesores y la comunidad deben debatir qué evidencia necesitan. Por qué resultados van a juzgar a los profesores. La educación no debería tratarse sólo de pruebas, debería dar a los niños las habilidades para reflexionar sobre su vida, para pensar en su futuro y el de su nación. Si no, la educación sería una fábrica. Es en el colegio donde aprendemos a cooperar, a compartir, a ser solidarios.

—¿Qué pasa con los alumnos frente a las pruebas?

—Incluso en los colegios donde les va bien, cuando les preguntan a los niños si les gusta leer, responden cosas como “no, lo odio”. El foco en los test genera una disposición negativa hacia el aprendizaje. Eso es lo que llamamos el “currículo oculto”. Los colegios harán cualquier cosa para mejorar su resultado en las pruebas, porque ellos y los profesores dependen de esos resultados y se ha convencido a los padres de que eso es lo único que importa. Pasa en Chile, Estados Unidos, Francia, Alemania. Lo que hemos conseguido es que los niños odian leer. Y luego nos preguntamos por qué, cuando tratamos de conversar con ellos, prefieren jugar Angry Birds. Porque les han dicho que leer no es algo valioso para ellos, que sólo vale para tomar una prueba.

—¿Cuánto hay de política en la educación?

—La educación siempre es política. Yo uso el concepto de “conocimiento legítimo u oficial”. De cientos y miles de cosas posibles, sólo elegimos algunas para enseñar a los niños. Esa elección es un acto político.

Fuente:

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Stockmann säljer sina mataffärer i Finland till S-gruppen för 27 miljoner euro.Företaget lovar att delikatessen skall förbättras, men kunderna är inte övertygade.
          F4 NEZ - Christian Lundgaard skal forsvare mesterskabsføringen i Estland   
Christian Lundgaard deltager i weekenden i fjerde afdeling af SMP Formel 4 NEZ mesterskabet, der afvikles på auto24ring i Parnu, Estland. Efter nogle travle uger, hvor den unge Renault Sport Academy kører også har deltaget i det danske Renault Formel 4 mesterskab og ikke mindst vandt tre sejre i første afdeling af det spanske Formel 4 mesterskab, er han tilbage i det mesterskab, hvor han deltager hele sæsonen. Efter en sejr ved seneste afdeling på Ahvenisto i Finland, fører 15-årige Christian mesterskabet med 2 point foran spanske Xavier Lloverance og 21 point foran russiske Alexander Smolyar.
          Smart Rings Market - Global Industry Analysis, Trend, Size, Share and Forecast 2017 - 2025   

Smart rings are electronic wearable devices worn on the finger. It works through movement of the fingers and gesture control. The smart rings are equipped with sensors and chips which enables it to perform various functions such as receiving call, message and email alerts, making contactless payments, measuring blood pressure levels, pulse rates and heart beats and it also provides biometric solutions by monitoring access controls among others.

Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/30/2017 -- This report covers the analysis and forecast of the smart rings market on a global and regional level. The study provides historic data of 2016 along with forecast for the period between 2017 and 2025 based on volume (Thousand Units) and revenue (US$ Mn).

Smart rings are electronic wearable devices worn on the finger. It works through movement of the fingers and gesture control. The smart rings are equipped with sensors and chips which enables it to perform various functions such as receiving call, message and email alerts, making contactless payments, measuring blood pressure levels, pulse rates and heart beats and it also provides biometric solutions by monitoring access controls among others.

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Global Smart Rings Market: Scope of the Report

The study provides a decisive view of the smart rings market by segmenting it based on type of operating system, technology, applications and regional demand. The type of operating system, technology and applications segments have been analyzed based on current trends and future potential. The market has been estimated from 2017 to 2025 in terms of volume (Thousand Units) and revenue (US$ Mn). Regional segmentation includes the current and forecast demand for North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa. These have been further sub-segmented into countries and regions with relevance to the market. The segmentation also includes demand for individual applications in all regions.

The study covers the drivers and restraints governing the dynamics of the market along with their impact on demand during the forecast period. Additionally, the report includes potential opportunities in the smart rings market on the global and regional level. The study encompasses market attractiveness analysis, wherein applications have been benchmarked based on their market size, growth rate, and general attractiveness for future growth.

The market has been forecast based on constant currency rates. Prices of smart rings vary in each region and are a result of the demand-supply scenario in the region. Hence, a similar volume-to revenue ratio does not follow for each individual region. Individual pricing of smart rings for each application has been taken into account while estimating and forecasting market revenue on a global basis. Regional average price has been considered while breaking down the market into segments in each region.

The report provides the size of the smart rings market in2016 and the forecast for the next nine years up to 2025. The size of the global smart rings market is provided in terms of both volume and revenue. Market volume is defined in thousand units, while market revenue for regions is in US$ Mn. The market size and forecast for each product segment is provided in the context of global and regional markets. Numbers provided in this report are derived based on demand generated from different applications.

Global Smart Rings Market: Research Methodologies

Market estimates for this study have been based on volume, with revenue being derived through regional pricing trends. The price for commonly utilized grades of smart rings in each application has been considered, and customized product pricing has not been included. Demand for smart rings has been derived by analyzing the global and regional demand for smart rings in each application. The global smart rings market has been analyzed based on expected demand. Market data for each segment is based on volume and corresponding revenues. Prices considered for calculation of revenue are average regional prices obtained through primary quotes from numerous regional suppliers, distributors, and direct selling regional producers based on manufacturers' feedback. Forecasts have been based on the expected demand from smart rings. We have used the top-down approach to estimate the global smart rings market, split into regions. The type of operating system, technology and applications split of the market has been derived using a top-down approach for each regional market separately, with the global type of operating systems, technology and applications segment split being an integration of regional estimates. Companies were considered for the market share analysis based on their product portfolio, revenue, and manufacturing capacity. In the absence of specific data related to the sales of smart rings of several privately held companies, calculated assumptions have been made in view of the company's product portfolio and regional presence along with the demand for products in its portfolio.

Browse Full Report With TOC: http://www.mrrse.com/smart-rings-market

Key Players Mentioned in the Report are:

The report covers a detailed competitive outlook that includes market share and company profiles of key players operating in the global market. Some of the leading market players in the smart rings market are McLear Ltd. (U.K), Log bar Inc. (Japan), Moodmetric (Finland), Shanxi Jakcom Technology Co., Ltd. (China) and Ringly Inc. (U.S.) among others.

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          €6 Free No Deposit Bonus on “Alien” at Calvin Casino   

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          Smartphone: il ritorno del Nokia 3310   
San Francisco (Usa) E' il piu' amato e il piu' venduto di sempre. E' il Nokia 3310, lo storico cellulare lanciato dalla casa finlandese nel settembre 2000, che a sorpresa tornera' sul mercato tra pochi giorni. Lo ha anticipato HMD Global Oy, l'azienda che ha comprato i diritti del marchio Nokia per la telefonia tradizionale, dopo l'acquisizione della parte industriale del gigante finlandese da parte di Microsoft. L'erede del 3310 avra' un prezzo di 59 euro circa e connessione 3G: potrebbe essere il 'dumb phone ' del futuro. E' un rilancio, quello programmato dalla societa' di produzione HMD Global e pronosticato dal blogger americano Evan Blass, che ha riportato agli onori della cronaca il figliol prodigo della multinazionale finlandese, descritto da Steve Jobs come 'il miglior cellulare di sempre '.Come il Nintendo per gli anni '80 e il Tamagotchi per i '90, cosi' anche il mitico Trentatre'dieci - cimelio hi tech con 126 milioni di esemplari venduti fra il 2000 e il 2005, anno del ritiro dal mercato - ha rappresentato, al grido di 'connecting people ', un logo generazionale amatissimo col suo schermo bicolore e nessuna moderna applicazione di 'messaggistica istantanea ', in appena 1 kb di memoria interna segno' il passaggio dai telefonini di grande ingombro a quelli di nuova concezione, smart si' ma non ancora smartphone.Prima che gli apparecchi 'ultrapiatti ' per utenti 'iperconnessi ' prendessero il sopravvento, e che gli standard 3G dessero un calcio in culo alle tecnologie di seconda generazione, fu lui, il granitico Nokia dalla suoneria monofonica, col suo caricabatterie dalla temperatura incendiaria e una capacita' di ricezione del segnale anche in condizioni apocalittiche, l'oggetto di culto dei Millennial.E oggi, 17 anni dopo il suo lancio, la magia di questo telefono potrebbe ripetersi. Certo non senza correttivi - 30 giorni di standby e 22 ore di chiamate di fila, una dual sim e una radio Fm integrata, ma anche un lettore mp3 e una fotocamera da 2 megapixel. Per un ritorno alle funzioni base - telefonare e 'messaggiare ', come si diceva - che odora di buono (e di sold out, visto il prezzo politico a meno di 59 euro).R.R.
          Nella serie B finlandese l'Haka ospita l'Oulu   
Ore 12.00 Gasquet vs Monfils Venerdì 30 giugno alle ore 12 per la semifinale del Torneo ATP di Eastbourne derby francese tra Gasquet, testa di serie n°7 e n°27 ATP, e Monfils, testa di serie n°2 e n°16 ATP. Gasquet nei sedicesimi di finale ha ba..
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          Utbytesresa Jakobstad Finland   

Jakobstad ligger i det svensk-finska området i Finland och här och i Helsingfors bedrivs Barnträdgårdslärarutbildning på svenska. Det bor cirka 300 000 personer i det svensk-finska området.

29/11 Första dagen välkomnades vi av Ann-Katrin Svensson med kollegor på campus Allegro, Barnträdgårdslärarprogrammet. Det var en kreativ miljö med många estetiska yrkesutbildningar utöver barnträdgårdslärarprogrammet. 


När vi anlände till campus blev vi visade runt i barnträdgårdslärarprogrammets lokaler och bekantade oss med personalen. Under en gemensam middag på kvällen började vi utbyta erfarenheter kring våra respektive utbildningar.

30/11 Ann-Katrin hämtade upp oss tidigt på morgonen för studiebesök på Museivägens förskola (förskoleklass). Vi mottogs av föreståndaren som berättade om verksamheten och svarade på våra frågor om bland annat förskoleverksamheten, det finska förskolesystemet och barnträgårdslärares uppdrag och arbetsvillkor. På förskolan fanns också fritidsverksamhet som kallades ”morris” respektive ”eftis”.







Därefter besökte vi Språkbadsskolan, där barn från 6-16 år går. Här blev vi visade runt av en av lärarna och fick också information om språkbadet och skolan av rektor. Språkbadet handlar om att finsktalande barn ska lära sig svenska och svensktalande barn ska lära sig finska för att bli flerspråkiga. Det fanns förskoleklassgrupper med svenska respektive finska som modersmål. Språkbadet bestod av att lärarna som arbetade i gruppen med svensktalande barn bara talade finska medan lärarna som arbetade i den finsktalande gruppen bara talade svenska under förskoledagen.  



På eftermiddagen utbytte vi erfarenheter med lärarna på Barnträdgårdslärar-utbildningen kring vår förskollärarutbildning och deras barnträdgårdslärarutbildning.  Även denna dag avslutades med gemensam middag där vi fortsatte att utbyta erfarenheter och diskuterade våra respektive utbildningar.


1/12 Besök på barnträdgård för barn i åldern 3-5 år i Jacobstads äldsta stadsdel Skata. Barnträdgården var inrymd i ett hur från 1900-talets början. Där visades vi runt av föreståndaren som berättade om verksamheten och visade oss runt i lokalerna. Vi fick även en presentation av daghemsverksamhetens historia i Jacobstad.


På eftermiddagen var vi på Barnträdgårdslärarutbildningen och här fortsatte utbytet kring utbildningsinnehåll, specifikt mot språk, matematik, digitala verktyg och självständiga arbeten, doktorandstudier och möjligheter till kommande lärarutbyte med mera. 




Undervisningen i Barnträdgårds-lärarprogrammet sker på svenska och merparten av kurslitteraturen är på svenska vilket också framgår av innehållet i bokskåpet på bilden ovan. 

Dagen avslutades med gemensam middag och fortsatta samtal om utbildningarna och dess innehåll samt planering för ett fortsatt utbyte.

2/12 Denna dag gjorde vi ett besök campus Allegros pälslärarutbildning. Det är en designutbildning som är unik i sitt slag i världen. 


På kvällen deltog i vi i Ann-Katrin Svenssons professorsinstallation på Åbo akademi. Det var en mycket högtidlig installationsceremoni.



/Lotta, Anna-Carin & Anita


          GUEST LECTURE EXPERIENCE AT ARCADA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCE, HELSINKI, FINLAND   

GUEST LECTURE EXPERIENCE AT ARCADA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES, HELSINKI, FINLAND

I was at Arcada University of Applied Science, Helsinki, Finland from 23rdFebruary to 27th February to contribute and gain knowledge within my research field. The staffs at chemical engineering department, Arcada University are interested to learn the on-going research at polymer department, Högskolan i Borås. In turn, we at polymer department would like to learn different testing methods from Arcada University. Transfer of knowledge is the main purpose of my visit.

The trip was planned when Rene Herrmann from Arcada University visited Högskolan i Borås last year to learn bio-based thermoset resin synthesis and teach non-destructive testing methods to researchers at polymer department. The plan was proposed for funding under Erasmus European Union staff exchange program. The plan was further discussed in detail with Mikael Skrifvars at Högskolan i Borås and Rene Herrmann at Arcada University on successful funding application. It was agreed that I will teach the students to synthesize bio-based thermoset polyester resin and list of required chemicals was sent to chemical engineer Björn Wiberg at Arcada. Further, the lab procedure and method was sent to staff and students before my arrival.

Upon my arrival to Helsinki, the university here provided accommodation close to University and Rene Herrmann introduced his colleagues and students. Resin synthesis is not performed often in Arcada, so the apparatus required was not available. It was challenging to set-up ‘own’ apparatus with whatever glass-wares available. To do resin synthesis, one needs rotary evaporator and synthesis setup; both were built successfully with available resources. I have never done this before and it was exciting to build up these apparatus for the first time.

Evaporator built using vacuum pump and available glass wares
Once the apparatus was setup, the synthesis reaction was practically explained to the students for the first two days. The students were curious and asked several questions regarding chemical reaction, apparatus and testing. Motivated students came forward to do calculations and testing. Next two days the students were able to do testing on supervision. I gained teaching experience and learned new things while teaching and answering students’ questions.
With some students who learned bio-based thermoset resin synthesis
Final product
 
Helsinki is beautiful city and it is less crowded compared to other capitals in the world. I met my friend Emma who took me around the city. It was very good staff exchange experience which will always remain in my CV.

          Heikkinen e Mäkäräinen Re e Regina della nobile Vuokatti Aateli Race    
Heikkinen e Mäkäräinen Re e Regina della nobile Aateli

Prime competizioni estive in Finlandia su ski roll con un parterre de rois che comprendeva tutti i migliori fondisti, biathleti e combinatisti finlandesi con l'aggiunta di alcuni ospiti presenti a Vuokatti per svolgere i rispettivi training camp estivi.

 
Sci di Fondo


          Juancho Hernangómez: "Debutar con la selección sería un sueño, pero depende de Denver"   

El jugador español de Denver Nuggets, Juancho Hernangómez, ha afirmado que está "preparado" para afrontar el "sueño" de debutar con la selección española en el Eurobasket de este verano, que se disputa del 31 de agosto al 17 de septiembre en Rumanía, Israel, Turquía y Finlandia, después de ser incluido en la lista para la concentración previa, y ha asegurado que su primera temporada en la NBA ha ido "mejor" de lo que esperaba.


          Juancho Hernangómez: "Debutar con la selección sería un sueño, pero depende de Denver"   

El jugador español de Denver Nuggets, Juancho Hernangómez, ha afirmado que está "preparado" para afrontar el "sueño" de debutar con la selección española en el Eurobasket de este verano, que se disputa del 31 de agosto al 17 de septiembre en Rumanía, Israel, Turquía y Finlandia, después de ser incluido en la lista para la concentración previa, y ha asegurado que su primera temporada en la NBA ha ido "mejor" de lo que esperaba.


          Heavy Duty Equipment Technician - Baffinland - Nunavut   
Diagnose equipment problems, disassemble and reassemble components such as engines, transmissions, cooling systems, fuel and exhaust systems, clutch and...
From Baffinland - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 21:09:23 GMT - View all Nunavut jobs
          Benessere a San Valentino   
Martedi' 14 febbraio in occasione di San Valentino Aemilia Hotel propone un esclusivo pacchetto dedicato agli innamorati: L'Offerta include:        Pernottamento in camera matrimoniale Percorso Thermarium Completo di 90 minuti (Sauna finlandese, Bagno turco, Idromassaggio...
          Nokia C5-05 e C5-06, ecco i nuovi smartphone economici con Symbian S60   
Pubblicato in: , ,

Uno dei segreti del successo è essere capaci di valorizzare i propri progetti, anche quelli un po’ datati. Con i due nuovi Nokia C5-05 e Nokia C5-06 l’azienda finlandese dimostra di avere ancora molta fiducia…
          Pohjoismaat kilpailevat kiinalaisturisteista kiihkeästi   
Kiinalaisturistien lisääntynyt kiinnostus Suomea kohtaan on huomattu muissa Pohjoismaissa, kertoo Finpron alaisen Visit Finlandin johtaja Paavo Virkkunen.– Muut Pohjoismaat käyvät täällä hyvin kiivaasti samojen matkailutoimijoiden juttusilla. He ovat havainneet sen, että Kiinasta tulee Suomeen kovia...
          Nico Rosberg to race for Williams in 2006   
Source: www.rediff.com

Alan Baldwin | November 03, 2005 14:48 IST

Nico Rosberg will race for Williams next season after signing a long-term contract, the Formula One team announced on Thursday.

The 20-year-old son of 1982 world champion Keke Rosberg, who was born in Germany and races under that country's flag, will partner Australian Mark Webber at the Cosworth-powered team.

"I believe I am only one of many in Formula One who is genuinely excited about the prospect of Nico Rosberg," said team boss Frank Williams.

"Given the attention he commands, I am delighted he is making a contribution to Formula One history and has signed with us for next season."

Rosberg's appointment, as the youngest driver on the starting grid, follows Briton Jenson Button's decision to buy himself out of his contract with Williams so that he could remain at Honda-backed BAR.

The announcement ended the hopes of Brazilian Antonio Pizzonia, who replaced Germany's Nick Heidfeld for the last five races of the 2005 season. Heidfeld will be racing for the new BMW team next year.

YOUNGEST DRIVER

Rosberg, who will be the first son of a champion to race in Formula One since Briton Damon Hill retired in 1999, won the inaugural GP2 support series this season.

Already the youngest person to drive a Formula One car, having his first test with Williams at the age of 17 in 2002 after winning the German Formula BMW title, Rosberg is Germany's fourth confirmed driver for the 2006 season.

Williams said he had been chosen for several reasons, not least his race craft.

"His natural talent in the cockpit is equally matched by his intelligence out of it, demonstrated by his depth of technical understanding and communication of data over the months spent as a test driver this season," a team statement said.

"Despite his youth, his wealth of experience reflects the early start made by contemporary drivers and it is significant to note that Nico has recorded more race starts by the age of 20 than his father...recorded in an entire career."

Finland's Keke Rosberg won the world championship with Williams, despite only one victory in that season, and retired in 1986 with five wins from 114 starts.

Rosberg junior will start his new duties for the team in winter testing, with the debut run of their new Cosworth V8 engine in Barcelona scheduled on November 29.

"I am really looking forward to starting work at the end of this month and learning as much from the team as I possibly can," said Rosberg.
          Una corte en Finlandia reduce las sentencias de cuatro miembros del equipo nacional de voleibol de Cuba culpables de violación   
Una corte de apelaciones en la ciudad de Turku redujo este viernes las penas de prisión para cuatro deportistas cubanos y ordenó liberar a un quinto. En septiembre de 2016, fueron declarados culpables de violar a una mujer, aunque estos lo negaron.
          Resumen europeo: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, 30 jun - 06:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          The Revolution in Transatlantic Affairs   

The year 2001 could have been an eye-opener but the West, too traumatized by the Islamist attack on America, failed to notice an equally important, if less spectacular, development: the creation by China of a coalition, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, including Russia and Central Asia as members, Iran as a silent partner, and India and Pakistan as observers. It took another five years for Western foreign policy experts to realize that this emerging SCO was, for all practical purposes, an OPEC with nukes, which had the potential to develop, over time, into a full-fledged "NATO of the East."

At the NATO summit in Riga in November 2006, a little-noticed transatlantic revolution of sorts finally occurred when the Atlantic Alliance acknowledged that it would have to "go global" in order to remain relevant. Divided, America and Europe will fall; united, they can retain the lead. But all manners of "going global" are not equal, and the coming globalization of NATO is as much full of promises as it is fraught with perils.

Some will argue that, with 50,000 troops present in three continents today, NATO is in essence already global. Others will counter that the story of this halfhearted, haphazard globalization reads at times like a tale told by an idiot, full of rhetorical fog and bureaucratic friction, and signifying nothing more than "flight forward" or "muddling through." In fact, in the post-Cold War period, NATO's desire to have its cake (collective defense) and eat it too (collective security) has created a certain conceptual confusion.2

As a political organization, the Alliance rushed to invoke Article 5 within twenty-four hours of 9/11; as a military organization, NATO turned out to be as ill-prepared to do counterinsurgency in Afghanistan as the U.S. military in Iraq. It would be a mistake, however, to claim that NATO's credibility is at stake in Afghanistan. Afghanistan may have been the graveyard of empires in the past, but it won't be the graveyard of the Alliance -- for a simple reason already pointed out by one European observer:

When the territorial integrity of one of its members is threatened by an attack, NATO cannot afford to lose. It would sacrifice its credibility as an alliance. . . . But in stabilization operations the existence of NATO is not threatened. Here NATO can afford to fail without losing its credibility as an alliance. . . . There are, thus, fundamental differences between collective defense credibility and stabilization credibility. To lump them together or to blur the distinction between the two, shows a lack of understanding for the very nature of such interventions. The consequences of getting stuck in hopeless operations as well as holding NATO's authority and standing hostage to fortune is doubly dangerous. The UN, the institution with the widest experience in post-conflict stabilization to date, has never made these operations a test for its credibility. NATO needs to do likewise.3

If the Alliance survived a debacle of the magnitude of Suez in 1956, it can withstand anything. The main danger for NATO therefore is not military failure or even a Suez-like temporary political meltdown, but something more insidious. Over time, what an ill-conceived globalization of NATO could lead to is the transformation of the tactical coalition that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization currently is into a strategic "NATO of the East" while at the same time perverting the Atlantic Alliance into, so to speak, a "SEATO of the West" -- namely, a make-believe alliance with no viable strategy (because a conventional military configuration is irrelevant when the threats are of the asymmetric variety) and no coherent policy (because the interests of the global members are simply too heterogeneous to ever converge.)

The Long War promises to be a thinking man's war. As a full-fledged Alliance, NATO possesses the kind of staying power that mere ad hoc coalitions cannot deliver; but NATO still has to come to terms with the fact that thinking power will matter more than fighting power. If NATO is to avoid the twofold danger of the SCO becoming a NATO of the East while NATO becomes a mere SEATO of the West, the Alliance will have first of all to downgrade its "toolbox" dimension and beef up its "think-tank" dimension.

The revolution in strategic affairs

Ever since the 1999 intervention in Kosovo, NATO has been eager to prove that it stands for more than "No Action, Talk Only." But the adoption by the Alliance of the Marge Simpson doctrine ("Are we gonna just stand there like the French, or are we gonna do something?") has proved to be no substitute for a new strategic concept. Kosovo itself, waged in no small part to maintain the credibility of the Alliance, ended up paradoxically weakening NATO's credibility and the mutual bad blood afterwards constituted the single most important underlying reason of the 2003 near-death experience over Iraq.

By the time of the 2006 NATO Riga summit, two eminent Americans argued in no uncertain terms in favor of a re-invention of the Alliance: "It is time to stop pretending that everything is fine in Brussels and Mons. NATO will never generate the political impetus and leadership to reinvent itself unless we face that truth and openly debate what this Alliance can and should become. . . . NATO leaders have thus far demonstrated neither the vision nor the political will to reinvent the Alliance."4

Strong words, to be sure, but perhaps the wrong diagnostic: to the extent that there is indeed a danger of NATO drifting into irrelevance, it is due not so much to an absence of philosophical vision and/or political will as to a deficit of strategic literacy on the part of NATO leaders and cheerleaders.

On the American side, there is certainly no shortage of will and vision. Our two authors themselves were instrumental in forcing Europeans to look beyond Brussels sandbox politics and leading the drive for a successful enlargement of NATO. In the process of preaching a gospel of "broader and farther is always better," though, they elevated enlargement to the rank of a Kantian categorical imperative and by the same token lost sight of the Hobbesian iron law known in the jargon of political science as the security dilemma. Simply put: however defensive in intent, any actor's move to increase its security always runs the risk of being perceived as an offensive move by another actor.5

As Vladimir Putin reminded the West in a very Russian way in his Munich speech earlier this year, one state's idea of "projecting stability" is another's idea of "exporting subversion." Enlargement has been a bold move that played a critical (and often underappreciated) role in the successful transition to democracy of the former captive Europe, but for every action there is a reaction, and the gradual enlargement of NATO to the East has been the main cause of Russia's gradual rapprochement with China. A bold move today would be to acknowledge that, for a host of reasons, this process has reached diminishing returns, and that projecting stability should from now on be achieved at less cost through other means, be it security cooperation or global partnerships.

If Americans these days tend to have forgotten something as basic as the security dilemma, Europeans for their part have serious difficulties remembering something equally basic that they used to perform with undeniable virtuosity: coercive diplomacy. Be it with Iraq yesterday or Iran today, an astounding percentage of the allegedly sophisticated EU elites have the hardest time grasping what any American redneck knows intuitively: namely, that the collective threat to use force is still the best way to avoid having recourse to actual force. Fifty years of increasing focus on intra-EU politics has led EU elites to mistake "multi-level governance" (read: horse-trading by capitals in Brussels) for the whole of statecraft. But genuine diplomacy always rests on the implicit threat to use force, and the EU mantra about force as last resort should logically lead Europeans to view coercive diplomacy as their preferred weapon.6

Iraq, to be sure, was in many ways sui generis. Iran, by contrast, should be a no-brainer, since a nuclear Iran would lead to nuclear proliferation throughout the Middle East all the way to Algeria. Were coercive diplomacy to fail, then, as Senator McCain put it, there would still be one thing worse than military intervention in Iran -- a nuclear Iran.

This question of "strategic literacy" of NATO leaders cannot be overemphasized at a time when NATO allies are elaborating a new (i.e., post 9/11) strategic concept. The task promises to be a daunting one if only because, since the end of the Cold War, the very concept of "strategy" has become increasingly problematic in the West -- in no small part because the concept of the "West" itself is no longer self-evident.7

Forget the "Americans are from Mars, Europeans from Venus" mantra that gave the Brussels Eurocracy the vapors in the summer of 2002.8 Though the slogan captured well a moment of transatlantic relations, over time this mantra has obscured the issue. The truth is, for the past 15 years, and on both sides of the Atlantic, there have been two major attempts underway to get rid of the strategy problematique altogether.

In the civilian world, politicians and bureaucrats have robbed the concept of "strategy" of any meaning by systematically using it interchangeably with "policy." Academics and think-tankers, for their part, have chosen to blow out of proportion a Revolution in Security Affairs in which "the dividing lines between hard and soft, civil and military security are rapidly dissolving, requiring far more flexibility and causing much confusion as allies and partners have disagreed significantly about how to manage such complexity." This supposed Revolution has been used as a pretext to dissolve the concept of "strategy" in the catch-all notion of "security," the concept of "national security" itself in a nebulous "human security," and last but not least, the concept of grand strategy into that of global governance -- whatever that may mean.9

Within the military, the concept of "strategy" has not fared much better. The post-Cold War era has witnessed a surreal debate between the disciples of Clausewitz, who invariably confuse strategy with the operational level of war, and the supporters of the supposed Revolution in Military Affairs reducing war to "targeting and shooting," and whose network-centric paradigm leads to a tacticization of strategy.10

Between the shock-and-awe slogans of the military Mars, and the human security fairy tales of the civilian Venus, Strategy in the West has been MIA for too long. Since the real Revolution in Strategic Affairs happens to be a non-Western affair, NATO leaders will have to start by learning the new grammar and logic of the kind of unrestricted warfare elaborated by the Chinese and the fourth-generation warfare practiced by Islamists.11

As U.S. NATO Ambassador Victoria Nuland argued, "if the divisive debate over Iraq taught us one thing, it is that NATO must be the place where we talk about all the issues affecting our future -- the Middle East, Iraq, North Korea, China, Iran, just to name a few." The North Atlantic Council has recently broadened its range of consultations to include global issues ranging from energy security to transnational terrorism. But increased consultation, in and of itself, will not mechanically lead to better conceptualization. Enhancing the strategic literacy of NATO's stakeholders should be the logical prerequisite to a debate about the future NATO strategic concept.

The SCO as NATO peer competitor?

In the past hundred years, the instrumentalization of Islam has been a recurrent temptation on the part of every rising power, be it Wilhemine Germany or Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia, not to mention America itself. As the latest rising power, China itself would not be immune to that temptation even if it were energy self-sufficient. The fact that China's energy needs are huge guarantees that the constitution of a Sino-Islamic axis is for Beijing not just a tactical option, but a strategic necessity.12

While the pivotal states of this strategy appear to be Pakistan, Iran, and (more recently) Saudi Arabia, the geopolitical situation of Iran puts it in a class by itself, as the most precious proxy in China's "indirect approach" against American primacy. It is therefore no surprise to learn that China is using Iran as a conduit for the delivery of arms to both Iraqi and Afghan insurgents, and providing Iran itself the kind of small boats needed to conduct attacks against commercial shipping or the U.S. Navy in the Persian Gulf.13

If the instrumentalization of Islam constitutes the geographical axis of China's grand strategy, the functional axis is -- or ought to be -- of equal interest to NATO, since it consists in the artful combination of space power, sea power, and soft power.

Space power. While lending support to Russia's ludicrous posturing on NATO missile defense, China is experimenting with antisatellite weapons -- a disturbing trend given the reliance of modern military (especially navies) on space power.

Sea power. A hundred years after Theodore Roosevelt sent his Great While Fleet around the world to signal the emergence of a new great power, China is rediscovering the writings of Admiral Mahan on the importance of sea power in history and dreaming of a Great White Fleet of its own. Against the backdrop of an ever-shrinking U.S. Navy (more on that later), China is transforming itself as a maritime superpower at such high speed that Western analysts estimate it could become the world's leading naval power by 2020.

Last but not least, soft power. On the military side, China is focusing on developing security cooperation within the ASEAN Regional Forum framework with the intent of marginalizing America. On the civilian side, China is peddling "Asian values" from Africa to Eurasia and from Latin America to Southeast Asia. For the past six years, China has been promoting autocracy through soft power while America has been promoting democracy through hard power, and the verdict is in: China today has a more positive image worldwide than America.14

Russia's relation to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and its expectations, are of an altogether different nature. On the surface, to be sure, China and Russia appear to be the two main pillars of the SCO. Economically and militarily, the two countries' relation is, for the time being at least, one of genuine complementarity. But while the SCO constitutes the core of China's Islamic strategy, it is for Russia a tactical option to both manage the rise of China in Eurasia and to gain leverage over the West.15

Unlike China, Russia is energy self-sufficient; and unlike China's Confucianism, Russia's Eurasianism actually comes in two opposite versions: one pro-West and anti-Islam; the other pro-Islam and anti-West. American Putin-bashers would do well to realize that the Putin regime clearly favors the former version --- which may not be the case for his successor. Putin's Russia is a mystery wrapped in an enigma only for those caught in a 15-year time warp. In a nutshell: While Yelstin's choice of an alleged Polish model of transition in 1992 resulted, by 1999, in 38 percent of the population living below the poverty line, Putin's reorientation toward a Chinese model has since created an annual growth rate of 6 percent for Russia -- and a 70 percent approval rating for Putin. Having taken considerable domestic risks by siding with America after 9/11, Putin, for the past 5 years, has received nothing in return -- other than a seemingly endless enlargement of NATO in his own backyard.

Now that Russia is rich with oil money and has paid its debts to the West, what Russia wants from the West is respect.16 Russia's nuisance capacity should not be underestimated, even though threats to withdraw from the CFE Treaty, or to turn the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) into a "natural gas OPEC," are intended primarily for domestic consumption and to signal that NATO has enlarged far enough.

Unlike China, Russia is not a rising power. Russian hearts and mind are still up for grabs, though, and there are three reasons why it would be grossly irresponsible to alienate Russia gratuitously. In the short term, Russia's support is critical to solve (militarily or not) the Iranian question; in the middle-term, Russia has considerable leverage over Europe, with much bigger sticks and carrots than America's, and the risk of a creeping Finlandization of Europe is real were America to indulge in brinkmanship; in the long term, the West would have nothing to gain were Russia, against its best interest, to upgrade its relations to the SCO from the tactical to the strategic level.

The current demonization of Russia in some American quarters is thus incomprehensible, unless one keeps in mind the particular conceit of democracies at war that Kennan, following Tocqueville, pointed out long ago: "There is nothing in nature more egocentrical than the embattled democracy. It soon becomes the victim of its own propaganda. It then tends to attach to its own cause an absolute value which distorts its own vision of everything else. . . . People who have got themselves into this frame of mind have little understanding for the issues of any contest other than the one in which they are involved."17

This tunnel vision, and the incapacity to distinguish between the essential and the peripheral, is all the more surprising when it comes from the neoconservative side. Among the new generation of neocons, many seem to have forgotten the lessons of the older generation, as captured in Jeanne Kirkpatrick's celebrated 1979 essay on "Dictatorships and Double Standards." Simply put: when all is said and done, there is a difference in kind between totalitarianism and authoritarianism. If Islamist totalitarianism is the main enemy, as the neocons rightly claim, then it follows logically that Russian authoritarianism, however unpalatable to democratic sensibilities, is something we can live with. In that respect, the arch-realist Kissinger is paradoxically closer to Kirkpatrick than some of today's neocons in arguing:

Russia may be tempted to pursue tactical rapprochement with China. But any meaningful strategic rapprochement with China would move Russia further away from the United States and into a position of dependence on Chinese support. This would run counter to the strategic realities Russia faces on its far-eastern border, given the decline in its population and negative demographic trends. We cannot be fixated by things that are in the power of Russia and China to do. The wise American policy is to establish close relations with both Russia and China. And we should conduct it on the basis that whenever possible there should always be at least equal if not greater incentives or prospect of risks to cooperate with the United States than with each other.18

Similarly, a wise NATO policy should always make sure that NATO-Russia security cooperation is always stronger than Russia-China security cooperation. By the same token, and given the always-possible energy Finlandization of Europe, a wise NATO policy should make sure that the NATO-Russia Council always remains one step ahead of the EU-Russia Permanent Council.19

The Great Game and the Long War

One thing is certain: the Great Game and the Long War will be the two global and generational challenges confronting the West in the next 30 years. While the two challenges at times overlap, they remain analytically distinct. Attempts to conflate the two challenges with a new geopolitical concept like "Greater Middle East" risk confusing the issues. The Great Game? While the West remains fixated on the continental dimension, the East shows more lucidity in giving as much importance to the maritime dimension (more on that later). The Long War? Due to mass migration, the sociopolitical umma no longer coincides with the geopolitical Dar al-Islam.20

So much for the Greater Middle East, then. When all is said and done, globalization has not so much led to the "spiritualization of borders" (as the flute-players would have it) as to the partial "virtualization of geopolitics." The Great Game and the Long War are global and generational, but the geopolitics of oil, of Islamic banking, of Islamic media, etc. only partly overlap, and the geopolitical mapping required is a multi-level mapping including both the real and the virtual worlds.

One of the unfortunate consequences of the globalization theology of the 1990s has been the withering away of geopolitical thinking in the West. This eclipse of geopolitics is not totally negative, to be sure, for as one pundit put it, "few modern ideologies are as whimsically all-encompassing, as romantically obscure, as intellectually sloppy, and as likely to start a third world war as the theory of 'geopolitics.'"21

Yet, globalization theology itself has proven even more intellectual sloppy than the theories of geopolitics. And while the West thought it could do away with geopolitics altogether, the foreign policies of Turkey, Russia, China, and other players were becoming increasingly shaped by distinctive geopolitical visions based less on theories than on memories (with often a tenuous link to historical reality). Thus in Turkey, memories of the Silk Road were the main driving forces in Ankara's turn away from pro-Western Kemalism and toward neo-Ottomanism. In China, a country that had traditionally viewed itself as a quintessential continental power, it is the rediscovery of the short-lived maritime adventures of Admiral Zheng He (the Chinese Columbus) and the awareness of missed opportunities, coupled with the revival of Admiral Mahan's navalist theories, that were being invoked to mobilize public opinion around the idea of turning China into a maritime superpower. Intellectually sloppy or not, these representations have real effects in the foreign policies of non-Western nations. The West can ignore them only at its own peril.

In the West itself, the current fixation of America on Central Asia and of Europe on the Middle East -- the closest thing to a "Western" geopolitical vision -- is based on two flawed premises. To put it crudely: Americans believe that Caspian Sea oil is the key to success in the Great Game; Europeans are convinced that the resolution of the Palestinian question holds the key to victory in the Long War.

Talk about intellectual sloppiness: Warnings about a Caspian mirage were already common among energy experts a decade ago, and time has only made them more relevant: "The current fixation with the Caspian Basin's alleged resource bonanza is exaggerating the region's commercial and strategic significance, distorting US foreign policy calculations and raising the risk of unnecessary contention with other actors, particularly Russia and Iran. . . . Russian analysts could be forgiven for construing US/NATO policies as encirclement from the West through open-ended NATO expansion. . . . The myth [of Central Asia and the Caucasus as a region of independent democracies buoyed by new-found oil wealth and part of an expanding "Euro-Atlantic community"] is diverting policy-makers from a far more profound geopolitical challenge to energy security in the twenty-first century: the rising dependence of Asian nations on Persian Gulf oil. . . . It might be wise to ponder how comfortable China will be in relying on the US Navy to defend the sea-lanes through which its Persian Gulf oil must pass."22

Ten years later, it is clear that just as NATO enlargement to the East has sent Russia into the arms of China, Western energetico-military forays in Central Asia have led China, in turn, to increase its activities in the backyards of Europe (Africa) and America (from Cuba to Panama and Venezuela). America's fixation on Central Asia has been based on probable reserves, which were then contrasted to proven reserves in Persian Gulf, though never with probable reserves offshore worldwide. Since Caspian Sea oil now seems to combine all the problems associated with landlocked transportation and offshore extraction, not to mention geopolitical entanglements, it may be time for a reappraisal.

If American fixation on Central Asia is questionable, European fixation on the Palestinian question as the panacea of the Greater Middle East is downright irrational. As Edward Luttwak pointed out recently: "Yes, it would be nice if Israelis and Palestinians could settle their differences, but it would do little or nothing to calm the other conflicts in the Middle East from Algeria to Iraq, or to stop Muslim-Hindu violence in Kashmir, Muslim-Christian violence in Indonesia and the Philippines, Muslim-Buddhist violence in Thailand, Muslim-animist violence in Sudan, Muslim-Igbo violence in Nigeria, Muslim-Moscovite violence in Chechnya, or the different varieties of inter-Muslim violence."

This European fixation is all the more irrational in that as far as the proverbial Arab Street is concerned, the resolution of the Palestinian question ranks only seventh in importance, way behind the usual bread-and-butter issues (employment, health, corruption, education, and even combating extremism and protecting civil rights). And who can blame Ali Six-Pack for his lack of interest? Unlike the Kurds, who have proven capable of self-government, Palestinian leaders have never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity, as the saying holds. The pathetic clash between Fatahland and Hamastan is today leading many Palestinians themselves to reconsider the long-abandoned possibility of forming a confederation with Jordan. It is time for Europeans to realize that, as Joseph Joffe demonstrated in a seminal article, "far from creating tensions, Israel actually contains more antagonisms than it causes" -- though of course you would never know it, since Israeli public diplomacy is nonexistent.23

Flawed premises aside, there is another, more pedestrian reason why the closing of the transatlantic mind is particularly pronounced within NATO. As the Alliance underwent a gradual transformation from collective defense to collective security, this functional broadening focused on the continental dimension led to a neglect of the maritime dimension and thus to transatlantic tunnel vision.

During the Cold War, the Atlantic Alliance had two geographic pillars: the Brussels-based Allied Command-Europe (ACE) for continental affairs, the Norfolk-based Allied Command-Atlantic (ACLANT) for maritime affairs. From 1991 to 2001, the maritime dimension, once identified with the Atlantic, became confined to the Mediterranean (Operation Sharp Guard). Yet, despite the shrinking of the maritime dimension at the operational level, ACLANT continued, at the intellectual level, to deliver outside-the-box, yet topical thinking on issues like "Multinational Naval Cooperation and Foreign Policy into the 21st Century."24

The real change occurred with the 2002 Prague Summit's decision to transform these two geographical pillars into functional pillars: Allied Command Operations (ACO) and Allied Command Transformation (ACT). The transformation of the geographical ACLANT into a functional ACT did more than marginalize the maritime dimension; it also brought the wrong transformation to the fore. NATO-ACT being twinned with the U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM), the Alliance, in the name of interoperability, soon adopted all the shibboleths of the RMA: network-centric warfare, information dominance, the change from threat-based planning to capabilities-based planning which can only aggravate the idea of the Alliance as a "toolbox," and last but not least, the religion of jointness itself, whose unintended effect was to downplay the specificity and autonomy of navies when it comes to constabulary and diplomatic missions.

The whole RMA folklore was introduced to NATO right at the time when, in Iraq and Afghanistan, its limits were becoming too obvious to ignore. The Pentagon is today trying to find a better balance between Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) and Culture-Centric Warfare (CCW), and one would hope that ACT will quickly NATO-ize the lessons learned in theater.

In and of itself, though, this rebalancing will not bring the kind of maritime domain awareness that is so crucial for an understanding of both the Great Game and the Long War. Outside the Anglo-Saxon world, to be sure, Western policymakers and opinion leaders have rarely been literate when it comes to naval strategy. Though this is not the place for a comprehensive tour d'horizon of the military, political, diplomatic, and constabulary uses of seapower25, basic "maritime domain awareness" is necessary when discussing the future globalization of NATO.

On the military side, the importance of the maritime dimension begins with the fact that, for all the talk about airlift capabilities, 90 percent of military lift remains sealift. But what is more noteworthy about the post-Cold War period is the fact that the decline of "maritime domain awareness" within the Atlantic Alliance took place precisely at the time when globalization was significantly increasing the importance of the maritime dimension on the commercial side (85 percent of world trade volume and 60 percent of oil and gas travels by sea) and of maritime security, all too often confused with -- and reduced to -- maritime safety.

It is hard to imagine a "Global NATO" -- in whatever shape or form -- that would continue to ignore the global commons the way today's NATO does. It is time for NATO's maritime commitment to match its continental commitment. To put it only half in jest: Either NATO will go out to sea, or it will go out of business.

The new Rimland

NATO was created as the political-military expression of the containment doctrine. While the father of the doctrine was diplomat George Kennan, the godfather of containment was geopolitician Nicholas Spykman. During World War II Spykman had challenged the centrality of the concept of the "Heartland" developed a generation earlier by Halford Mackinder (against Mahan's sea power thesis), and focused instead on what he called the "Rimland," by which he meant essentially continental countries with a maritime facade.

As Spykman defined it, the Rimland "functions as a vast buffer zone of conflict between sea power and land power. Looking in both directions, it must function amphibiously and defend itself on land and sea." On this geopolitical foundation laid by Spykman, Kennan simply built a chronopolitical strategy of containment, which would pay off 50 years later (much later than initially anticipated by Kennan).

In 1904, Mackinder had made the grandiose pronouncement: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; who rules the World Island commands the World." The Cold War was to prove Mackinder wrong and Spykman right: For 50 years, the Soviet Heartland did rule Eastern Europe; if it fails to command the world, it's because it failed to rule what really matters, i.e., the Rimland.

Throughout the Cold War, then, it is the concept of Rimland which provided the geopolitical underpinnings for a grand strategy of containment and its security architecture, of which NATO constituted only one pillar (arguably the most important) along with SEATO and CENTO. Today, the Soviet Union is gone and, against all odds, NATO is still around. True, today's NATO is not your father's NATO, but equally true, today's Rimland is not your father's Rimland -- and it is not clear that today's NATO has fully grasped all the implications of the sea-change.

Today's Rimland is a 400-mile wide amphibious area. In contrast to 1904, the Heartland today is an empty shell, and not just because of Russia's demographic decline. In China, the population is deserting the Heartland and moving to the coast. Worldwide, today's Rimland is both leaner and meaner than a century ago; no longer the "buffer zone of conflict" described by Mackinder or Spykman, this overpopulated Rimland, with 4 billion people living within 200-mile wide coastlands, is the "epicenter of all conflicts."

Should NATO care? As a military alliance, NATO cannot afford to ignore the increasing covergence of littoral warfare, amphibious warfare and urban warfare -- an issue to which the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps are devoting increasing attention. As a security organization, NATO's reasons for caring should be based on a recent report produced by the Center for Naval Analyses entitled "National Security and the Threat of Climate Change," describing a number of not exactly rosy scenarios regarding the political-military consequences of rising sea levels in the next 30 years. The hard security consequences of soft-power issues: This is the kind of outside-the-box thinking that NATO should itself promote.26

Equally interesting is the other phenomenon happening on the new Rimland: the so-called territorialization of the seas. The belated implementation, in the 1990s, of the 1982 Law of the Sea (UNLOS) and in particular of the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), has had over time unintended effects. Due to the existence of more than one hundred EEZs, 32 percent of the ocean is today under some sort of national jurisdiction. We are talking an area of 28 million square miles, i.e. four times the size of Russia (America's EEZ itself is two-thirds the size of the continental United States and accounts for 30 percent of the U.S. oil production).

The process of territorialization of the seas has been twofold: the "enlarging" of territorial waters from 12 miles to 200 miles, but also the "deepening" of territorialization. Twenty years ago, offshore wells were being drilled in just a few hundred feet of water; with ever-improving technology, prospecting then moved to deep water (i.e. beyond 1,300 feet) and more recently still to "ultra-deep" drilling under as much as 10,000 feet, with dramatic consequences for some countries like Brazil, who went from quasi-total dependence on foreign oil to quasi-total independence.

For all the post-Cold War talk about the decline of the state, there is at least one domain where the state is in expansion, and it is the sea. And for all the talk about a Great Game in Central Asia, it is worth keeping in mind that more than 30 percent of the world's oil and 50 percent of the world's natural gas is produced offshore. The percentage is greater still when moving from proven reserves (i.e., 90 percent certainty) to probable reserves (50 percent certainty). Add to that the fact that 60 percent of the world's oil and gas is transported by sea, and in the end, it is hard to deny that command of the high seas will matter just as much as control of the Heartland.

A little-noticed global chasm is occurring today in terms of geopolitics: As the center of gravity of world history is shifting from the Atlantic to the Pacific, the Western mind, traditionally maritime, is rapidly closing itself to anything other than continental matters, while the Asian mind, traditionally continental, is becoming increasingly maritime in outlook.

In the East, a region lacking a security regime analogous to NATO, the lack of clarity of the law of the sea regarding such issues as military and intelligence-gathering activities in the EEZs of other countries, and the competing claims for territorial waters and seabeds, has become a game increasingly fraught with dangers. The best known example is the Spratly Islands, one hundred or so islands scattered over an area the size of France, said to hold more oil than Kuwait, and situated right in the middle of one of the busiest sea lanes, used by 300 ships a day. The Islands are claimed in part or totality by no fewer than 17 countries, and five of them (including China) actually have small military forces on these otherwise uninhabited islands.

Unlike the legendary Great Game between England and Russia throughout the nineteenth century, the current Great Game at sea involved more than two players: America and China, the two greatest oil consumers, but also Japan and India, Malaysia and Indonesia, and other countries. This multiplicity of actors gives the seaborne Great Game a greater unpredictability. And unlike the slow moving Great Game in Central Asia in the nineteenth century, which resembles a leisurely game of chess, today's Great Game in the Asian Sea at times is more like Russian roulette, in that "incidents at sea" -- like the October 2006 close encounter of a Chinese sub with the USS Kitty Hawk -- have the potential to trigger unintended and unpleasant developments quickly.

The Great Game at sea is too complex to be examined in detail here. Suffice it to say that if in terms of transportation, the true identity of the players takes forever to sort out (the nationalities of the owner, the crew, the flag, the cargo), there is a clear trend in the nationalization of oil companies when it comes to production: "The percentage of the world's oil reserves held by publicly traded international oil companies (IOCs) has declined, while the percentage held by state-owned national oil companies (NOCs) has increased. Currently, 72 percent of the world's proven oil reserves are held by NOC's [the majority of which are Russian and Chinese]."27

Should NATO care? When you put together the territorialization of the seas and the nationalization of oil companies, the Great Game at sea becomes worth examining (e.g., the 2006 decision of the Cuban regime to hire Chinese NOCs for offshore drilling -- 45 miles off the coast of Florida). China's interest in Cuba, Panama, and Venezuela shows that the "string of pearls" strategy of China goes beyond the Persian Gulf to the South China Sea and the Gulf of Guinea, extending into the Western Hemisphere all the way to America's Caribbean backyard. Since Chinese NOCs are present in 50 countries and play with different rules than regular international oil companies, one would think that the geopolitics of the NOCs could be a suitable topic of discussion in the NAC.

For now, the Great Game at sea affects the Pacific more than the Atlantic, and as such has not directly affected NATO. But it certainly affects NATO's new global partners (Australia and Japan, Korea and New Zealand), who all happen to be maritime powers in the Pacific, and this is something that NATO will have to factor in when deciding the nature of its relationship with non-Atlantic powers. Global partnerships will have to be a two-way street, or there will be no global partnership.

In that respect, it is worth remembering that, in its day, SEATO included non-Asian countries like the UK and France, whose threat perceptions over time evolved differently from those of Australia and New Zealand (not to mention Thailand or the Philippines), and eventually SEATO went the way of the dodo.28 Therefore, when talking about NATO's global partners, one cannot avoid raising SEATO-related issues: Do allies and would-be partner nations have the same threat perceptions? What kind of "added value" will the concept of global partnership offer not only to the former, but also to the latter? In what ways can global partners become a force multiplier for the Atlantic Alliance, and in what way can it lead instead to an "entangling alliance"?

New perils, then, but also new promises. The maritime dimension is an opportunity for European allies to go beyond the "EU sandbox" and play a global role at relatively little cost, if only because public opinion will always find a maritime commitment more palatable than a continental one. For many allies like Norway and Greece, a greater maritime commitment on the part of NATO would also be a way to display niche capabilities (it's not as if the U.S. Navy had a surplus of mine-sweepers) that they don't necessarily possess in land operations. Last but not least, for a country like France, a middle-sized power as a land power but a maritime superpower of sorts (the third largest EEZ in the world thanks to its South Pacific possessions), a greater maritime commitment would be a way to maintain a leadership position. When it comes to NATO, to be sure, France, since 1958, has never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity. With Chirac and Villepin gone, however, it may well be that France will no longer confuse History with histrionics, and volonte de puissance with capacite de nuisance.

The Great Game at sea is only beginning. However fanciful they may be given the current international legal regime, Putin's claim in June 2007 to a chunk of the North Pole holding twice the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia gives an idea of the challenges ahead as global warming increases the areas available for offshore drilling.

The Long War at sea

The maritime dimension is as important for the Long War as it is for the Great Game. Before the attack on the Twin Towers, the attack on the USS Cole gave the West an idea of what asymmetric warfare can accomplish (17 sailors killed and $250 million worth of repairs for a terrorist operation that cost $40,000 to launch). That asymmetric warfare at sea shows great promise has not been lost on the jihadists who, when all is said and done, are less interested in restoring a caliphate (a goal they know is beyond their reach) than in making the West bleed to death economically.

Nine million containers enter U.S. ports each year, and 80 percent of U.S. port facilities these days are owned by foreign companies. It is estimated that the detonation of a 10-to-20 kiloton nuclear weapon in a container would cause a disruption of trade valued at $100 billion to $300 billion, property damage of $50 billion to $500 billion, and the loss of 50,000 to 1 million lives. A mere dirty bomb smuggled in a container would kill very few people, but the disruption would cost $58 billion and it would take 19 days for ports to resume normal operations and 92 days to stabilize the container backlog -- by which time the disruption could well spawn a recession.

The trauma caused by two planes crashing into the Twin Towers has made us forget that al Qaeda and its associates have a maritime strategy more sophisticated than blowing up the USS Cole. Before his arrest, the man responsible for the Cole attack himself had undertaken preparation to attack shipping in the Mediterranean with a four pronged-strategy: "ramming, blowing up medium-size ships near other vessels or at ports, attacking large vessels such as supertankers from the air by using explosive laden small aircraft, and attacking vessels with underwater demolition teams using limpet mines or with suicide bombers. During his interrogation, Nashiri revealed that if warships became too difficult to approach, tourist ships could be targeted. The cruise ship industry, which in the U.S. alone carries nearly seven million passengers every year, is facing this new threat."29

Eighty percent of world trade travels by sea, and 60 percent of the world's oil is shipped by about 4,000 tankers: "Were terrorist pirates to hijack a large bulk carrier or oil tanker, sail it into one of the chokepoints, and scuttle it to block the sea-lane, the consequences for the world economy would be severe: a spike in oil prices, an increase in the cost of shipping due to the need to use alternate routes, congestion in sea-lanes and ports, more expensive maritime insurance, and probable environmental disaster. Worse yet would be several such attacks happening simultaneously in multiple locations worldwide."30

A rogue nuclear missile on Paris or Berlin is decidedly more unlikely in the next five years than the hijacking and sinking of a couple of supertankers in the Strait of Gibraltar or the Bosphorus. The latter, in particular, is less than a mile wide in some areas, and 10 percent of the 50,000 ships that pass through it each year are tankers carrying Russian and Caspian oil.

In the Turkish strait in 1996, the nine pro-Chechen gunmen who hijacked a Turkish ferry and held 255 passengers hostage for three days had first considered the possibility of sabotaging one of the two suspension bridges with explosives to bring down the bridge and close shipping traffic. The worst case scenario, now that the Russian Duma has passed a bill to transport 20,000 tons of nuclear waste through the straits in the next ten years, is the possibility of one of these tankers being hijacked in the vicinity of Istanbul, a city of 12 million inhabitants. It is expected that traffic on the Bosphorus will be 50 percent higher in 2010 than it was in 2005, and so will the opportunities to create catastrophic mischief.

NATO military planners and civilian policymakers continue to think in terms of nation-states and regional "areas of operation," whereas, as the navy community knows full well, maritime threats are more often than not nonstate and transregional in nature. But terrorist networks are genuinely transnational: the Sri Lankan LTTE not only owned and operated a fleet of ten ocean-going freighters flying Panamian, Honduran, and Liberian flags, it also hijacked commercial vessels carrying weapons to reroute them to the Tamil Tigers. In 1994, the LTTE shipped 50 metric tons of TNT on board one of its own freighters operated by a front company from a Ukrainian Black Sea port via the Turkish Straits to Sri Lanka.

NATO is today paying less attention to potential maritime threats affecting its own civilian populations than to making the non-Western world safe for democracy (or sharia, since the jury is still out). If NATO wants to survive another 30 years, it will have to focus a little more on the concerns of its own population.

Global NATO, thousand ship navy

In the 1990s, some foreign policy analysts called on the United States to adopt a policy known as "offshore balancing." Succinctly put, "offshore balancing is predicated on the assumption that attempting to maintain U.S. hegemony is self-defeating because it will provoke other states to combine in opposition to the United States, and result in a futile depletion of the United States' relative power, thereby leaving it worse off than if it accommodated multipolarity."31 Whether such an offshore balancing is still possible or desirable for the U.S. in a post-9/11 environment is highly debatable. But a maritime globalization of NATO could become, for the Alliance itself, the continuation of "offshore balancing" by other means. Its main merit would be to constitute a hedging strategy of sorts against the SCO.

China is emerging as a maritime superpower as quickly as America itself (not to mention the UK) is declining as a naval power, to the point where China could become the leading naval power by 2020. The Russian Navy, which until now was a pale shadow of Gorshkov's navy (since 1991, the number of submarines has declined from 317 to 61 and of surface ships from 967 to 186) has announced plans to build a class of four new aircraft carriers in 2013-14, with initial service to begin in 201732. One would do well to remember that it took hardly more than a decade during the Cold War for Russia, the quintessential land power, to develop a formidable navy. In 20 years, we could realistically see a China/Russia-led SCO that is hegemonic not only on land but at sea. As counterintuitive as it may be at first, NATO would be wise to consider the possibility of making maritime cooperation the centerpiece of NATO-Russia security cooperation.

Maritime operations are of course not foreign to NATO. In the 1990s, Operation Sharp Guard constituted a dress rehearsal of sorts for Operation Active Endeavor after 9/11. In 2003, OAE was expanded functionally and geographically to cover the whole Mediterranean and ended up including some Mediterranean Dialogue countries as well as Russia and Ukraine. Many NATO allies participate in the Container Security Initiative (CSI) and the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), and it is no coincidence that the former head of Joint Forces-Naples, Admiral Mullen (the current chief of naval operations and JCS chairman-designate), is the one who developed the concept of the "Thousand Ship Navy" (TSN), which is today the talk of the U.S. Navy.

Though globalization has increased the importance of maritime affairs, there has been both a relative and an absolute decline of U.S. seapower, with a U.S. Navy today at its lowest level in the post-World War II era. For the first time in 20 years, the U.S. is in the process of drafting a new maritime strategy, but with a considerably reduced force that went from 600 to fewer than 300 ships, and with new responsibilities in terms of nonmilitary maritime security. Hence the concept of the Thousand Ship Navy, which is meant to create a global maritime partnership with foreign navies.33

TSN is much more than an attempt to make a virtue of necessity. The Thousand Ship Navy -- the "Great White Fleet" of the twenty-first century -- represents a revolution in military affairs in that the concept raises the "network-centric" paradigm established by Admiral Cebrowsky from the domain of strategy (Network-Centric Warfare) to that of security (Global Maritime Partnership). In the process, it brings back a much-needed balance between techno-centric and culture-centric skills as components of success. Just as important, the TSN concept also represents a revolution in diplomatic affairs, in that a global maritime partnership would go beyond the traditional military-to-military contacts and, as Admiral Mullen points out, would unite "maritime forces, port operators, commercial shippers, and international, governmental and nongovernmental agencies to address mutual concerns."

As the Proliferation Security Initiative in Asia shows, though, this twenty-first- century naval diplomacy presents formidable challenges in terms of redefinitions of "sovereignty." Though the TSN concept is still a work in progress, it is worth noting that naval representatives from 72 countries have already taken part in the first symposium on the subject. NATO would do well to examine if the indirect approach of "going global" through a Thousand Ship Navy path is not also the best way to avoid making self-defeating waves in Asia.

Strategic considerations aside, there is an additional reason for Global NATO to get associated with the Thousand Ship Navy. Hard as it is to remember today, there was a time when NATO captured the imagination of Western audiences: Until the mid-sixties, in fact, the prospect of an Atlantic Union was seen in Europe as the wave of the future, while the idea of a European Union was associated mainly with coal, steel, and the standardization of electric plugs.34 Today, hard as they try, the 700 million people of the West can't really bring themselves to get exited when the "deliverables" of NATO Summits amount to -- the purchase of three C-17s? If that is NATO's level of ambition these days, no wonder that even the EU is beginning to look good. NATO will require nothing less than a Thousand Ship Navy if it is to recapture the imagination of public opinion.

NATO and the rise of UN-istan

Two organizations emerged in short succession from the 1941 Atlantic Charter: the United Nations in 1945 and, when the UN proved ineffective in a Cold War context, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. For the next 50 years, NATO's role in waging and winning the Cold War was as central as that of the UN was marginal.

In the early days of the post Cold War, there were, on both sides of the Atlantic, great hopes that the UN could finally play the role it was initially designed for. A former ambassador to the UN, the elder Bush in particular hoped to make the UN the cornerstone of a New World Order. In Europe as well, as the EU was toying with the idea of transforming itself from an Europe-espace to an Europe-puissance, many thought that an EU military force could constitute the military arm of the UN, and that the EU, in turn, could use the UN as a force multiplier to provide a "counterweight" to the US.

The fixation of EU elites on this idea led them to overlook the various scandals that marred the UN throughout the 1990s (from the Rwanda genocide to the Iraq oil-for-food program). More important, there is great reluctance on the part of EU public opinion at large to acknowledge the fact that, in the process of enlarging 54 members in 1945 to 184 in 1993, the UN's initial goals have been perverted.

Once the embodiment of Western ideals, the UN has turned into a lean, mean anti-West machine. Though European publics no longer have any illusion today about a Europe-puissance, they still retain a surprisingly boy-scoutish view of the UN, one that no longer corresponds to reality. European public opinion saw nothing wrong, for instance, in the recent establishment of an International Criminal Court that would give its prosecutor the power of a grand inquisitor, in part because they are not aware of the politicization of the UN (and of the potential use of the ICC as an anti-Western weapon), but also in part because, over the years, they have resigned themselves to the creeping judicial and technocratic imperialism pursued at home by the EU Court of Justice and the EU Commission.

If, against all odds, the European public has a more positive image of the UN than of NATO, it is for a simple reason: When it comes to strategic communication, today's NATO is your grandfather's NATO. Meanwhile, over the years, the UN has turned itself into a slick, global propaganda machine.

In that respect, the UN's main achievement since 1949 has been the transformation of a once-peripheral issue into a global Passion Play. Though the number of refugees throughout the world were millions after 1945 (and 15 million more with the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947), the UN decided to focus quasi-exclusively on the 700,000 refugees of the 1948 Israeli-Arab war. For these Palestinian Arabs, the UN created not only a specific agency (UNRWA) but a unique, and Orwellian, definition of "refugees" carefully designed to maintain the issue forever alive.35

Twenty years later came a new development. The demagogic UNESCO projects about a New World Information and Communication Order did not disappear when the US and the UK left the organization in protest and UNESCO, as a result, lost one fourth of its budget. The NWICO project was simply quietly transferred from Paris to New York, from UNESCO headquarters to UN headquarters. Over the years, the UN-New York developed its radio and TV station and its global network of 60 centers. It has provided "training" to Third World journalists (with a particular predilection for Palestinians) and built both a formal and informal media empire on which the sun never sets. By 1998, the UN spent a greater share of its budget on self-promotion and propaganda through its Department of Public Information (5.37 percent) than on Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (4.96 percent) or International Justice and Law (2.10 percent).

At the same time that it was becoming a major player in the propaganda game, the UN inside was gradually turning into a "lawfare" machine against the West. As Joshua Muravchik explains: "In the General Assembly, the Arabs have a unique leverage with which they can make the UN say whatever they want (except in the Security Council where the US veto has prevented that). The 22-nation Arab League constitutes a decisive bloc within the 56-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference [OIC], which is decisive in turn in the 115-nation Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which constitute nearly two-thirds of the UN and is the organization's main bloc."

The OIC, it will be remembered, was created by Saudi Arabia in 1969 as a weapon against the Egypt-led Arab League in the ongoing Arab Cold Wars. In recent years, under the leadership of the OIC, the UN has turned into UN-istan:

The OIC is silent on putting the blame for the slaughter of innocent Muslim pilgrims precisely where it belongs -- on other Muslims. Instead, the OIC squanders most of its energy condemning the West for defaming Islam whenever terrorism is in any way linked with adherents of their religion. . . . While as a group they pay less than 3 percent of the regular annual budget of the United Nations, they have managed to exercise an outsized amount of influence in the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies over how the UN deals with such issues as Palestine, terrorism and human rights and terrorism. Next on their agenda is a permanent Islam seat on the Security Council. Iran has already been designated as the OIC's preferred candidate for election to the Security Council in 2008. . . . In short, the Organization of the Islamic Conference bloc has been able to manipulate the UN's machinery to turn the liberal vocabulary of racism, oppression, genocide, tolerance and multiculturalism against the critics of reactionary Islam.

How delusional is the OIC today? So delusional that, at its May 2007 summit, the 56 foreign ministers agreed that the "greatest form of terrorism" in the world today is -- Islamophobia! The same OIC is the main force behind the election of Iran as vice-chairman of the Disarmament Commission, the presence of representatives of the worst dictatorship on the planet in the UN Human Rights Committee, not to mention the attempt, following the Danish cartoon affair, to make the UN recognize "blasphemy" as a crime.

In this ongoing weaponization of the UN against the West, China has not remained passive: beyond the OIC and NAM proper, the largest group in the UN happens to be the "G-77 + China," i.e., 132 countries representing 69 percent of UN members. China's UN dues may be 2 percent of the UN budget, but Chinese activism in the past decade has spectacularly increased in recent years.36 It is reportedly under Chinese pressure that the US was evicted from the Human Rights Commission in 2001 to make room for Arab dictatorships.

While the UN was sinking in global parochialism, NATO has gone global geographically (50,000 troops deployed now on three continents) and functionally (broadening of political consultations in the NAC). It is also beginning to go global in its cooperation with non-Atlantic partners like Japan to Australia.

In some American and European quarters, this globalization of NATO has led some observers to assert rather boldly that "NATO's next move must be to open its membership to any democratic state in the world that is willing and able to contribute to the fulfillment of NATO's new responsibilities."37 But to add four or five global partners is one thing, to add the 88 countries recognized as democracies by Freedom House is quite another. The necessary, if not sufficient, condition for turning NATO into a UN of democracies would be to change the flawed images of the UN and NATO that European publics currently have. That said, this long-term scenario of NATO as a UN of democracies cannot be ruled out given the ongoing deconstruction of the Tower of Babble by China and the OIC.

With the possible emergence of a NATO Security Providers Forum consisting of the leading contributors, three key questions are likely to keep the Allies busy in the coming years. What would happen with the four NATO Partners who are also SCO members in the event the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council was to be disbanded in favor of a Security Providers Forum. What will be the nature of the articulation between the North Atlantic Council, the Security Providers Forum, and the NATO-Russia Council? Has the time come for NATO to adopt an EU-style, "variable geometry" decision-making process? At the same time, the debate on the future Global NATO should not be limited to these organizational matters.

The Western-inspired international legal order is today under assault at the UN; at the same time, an obsolete Law of Armed Conflict is preventing the West from defending itself on the ground. As a military organization, NATO should today articulate a "Counter-Lawfare" doctrine for the sake of intellectual interoperability. As a security organization, NATO should not wait until it has become a full-fledged UN of Democracies to start elaborating a New Law of Armed Conflict adapted to the realities of post-modern warfare.38 Last but not least, the Alliance should take strategic communication more seriously and make better use of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (information) and the NATO Defense College (education).

If the Atlantic alliance is to genuinely "go global," it will have to achieve a better balance between "toolbox" and "think tank" and to focus more than has been the case so far on increased strategic literacy, broader situational awareness, and state-of-the art strategic communication.

History on the move again

Two hundred years ago, Napoleon Bonaparte, who knew a thing or two about epochal change, remarked: "When China awakens, the world will tremble." China is awakening, all right, and promoting worldwide authoritarianism all the more successfully that the spectacle of Western democracies lately has not been exactly edifying. If the Chinese promotion of "Asian values" has a global, rather than regional, historical significance, it is because Confucius today speaks with a very strong German accent: that of Carl Schmitt. While Western pundits were enrolling Kojève for their musing on the "end of history," the Chinese were translating nine books by Schmitt to philosophically buttress their return in history. The future of liberal authoritarianism has never looked brighter.39

The return of China alone would be enough to make the West "live in interesting times." To make things even more interesting, Islam too is back, this time in the form of a totalitarianism which manages to combine an ideological comprehensiveness (Salafism) unseen since Communism and an existential nihilism (jihadism) worthy of Nazism. A generation ago, the post-Vatican II Catholic world finally espoused the 20th century, and the Church went on to play a critical role in the collapse of communism; meanwhile, under the increasing influence of Wahhabism, the Muslim world was going in the opposite direction, and this great leap backward brought them back to the 14th century.40 If the Saudi caliphate does not soon undertake its own Vatican II, chances are the Muslim world will never make it back to the 21st century.

It is time for the Transatlantic chattering class to realize that there is a time for problematizing, and a time for strategizing -- and that its first order of business should be to stop mistaking a simple transatlantic time lag for a metaphysical problem. In the wake of 9/11, there was an extreme disconnect between an America that had just experienced its first continental aggression since the "second war of independence" (the war of 1812) and a Europe convinced that the then-imminent opening of the Brussels constitutional convention was, if not the beginning of universal peace, at least the world's most important event since the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.

Hence the temptation in certain quarters to reify this temporary disconnect into a Mars/Venus gap. But the most cursory examination of twentieth-century history shows that transatlantic time lags have always been the rule rather than the exception. The First World War began in 1914, the U.S. only joined in 1917. The Second World War began in 1939, the U.S. only joined in 1942. The Cold War began in 1947, and it took Europe a full two years to give up the temptation of neutrality and side with the U.S. Since the Long War is of an asymmetric kind, it is no surprise if it took longer than usual for America and Europe to synchronize their chronopolitica

          Clausewitz in Wonderland   

Last but not least, the third major flaw is "strategism." At its "best," strategism is synonymous with "strategy for strategy's sake," i.e., a self-referential discourse more interested in theory-building (or is it hair-splitting?) than policy-making. Strategism would be innocuous enough were it not for the fact that, in the media and academia, "realism" today is fast becoming synonymous with "absence of memory, will, and imagination": in that context, the self-referentiality of the strategic discourse does not exactly improve the quality of the public debate. At its worst, strategism confuses education with indoctrination, and scholarship with scholasticism; in its most extreme form, it comes close to being an "intellectual terrorism" in the name of Clausewitz.

Clausewitz in Londonistan

That infatuation with Clausewitz can lead to hair-raising absurdities about the GWOT is never better illustrated than by the recent remark of Anglo-American Clausewitzian veteran Colin Gray on the global jihad: "It is but axiomatic to maintain that an irregular belligerent wins by not losing. Somewhat in defiance of that axiom, I will argue that time is not on the side of the catastrophic, post-modern terrorist. The war-hardened multinational cadre of veterans of the Afghan struggle is diminishing rapidly. It has suffered the natural attrition of age and infirmity, as well as the combat attrition inflicted by an aroused bevy of state enemies.... Those warriors for Islam cannot be replaced by new cohorts with comparable training and group bonding.... Al-Qaeda has now aroused a formidable array of enemies, within and beyond the Islamic realm."3

Besides the fallacy of equating jihadists with Al Qaeda alone, this static conception of the global jihad in terms of finite "stock" ignores the dynamic created by media, i.e., the cyber-mobilization as the new Levee en Masse. On what planet does the good professor live? From the Balkans to Londonistan, Europe has been, for at least a decade now, the closest thing to a "frontline" in the global jihad. In Colin Gray's Britain today, 6 percent of the Muslim population (i.e., 100,000 individuals) think that the 7/7 London bombings were "fully justified;" 32 percent of British Muslims (half a million people) believe that "Western society is decadent and immoral and that Muslims should seek to bring it to an end;" and 40 percent want to see sharia law adopted in the UK.4

In Colin Gray's Britain, Muslims are barely 2 million, but politicians are already pandering to the Muslim vote and willing to make all sorts of concessions, including on immigration. Caught in a time warp, Gray looks jihad (al Qaeda) and dawa (Hizb-ut-Tahrir) in the eye, and see nothing more than -- a bearded version of the IRA. Rather than bury their heads in the Clausewitzian sand, strategists would be better inspired to meditate the truly "remarkable trinity" engineered by Arab governments for more than thirty years: natalist policies, anti-Western mass indoctrination, and mass emigration to the West. Isn't time at least to add a chapter to On War on "demographic warfare?"5

If a Colin Gray -- arguably the smartest living Clausewitzian today -- can be so blind as to the nature of the challenges facing the West, one can easily guess the damage done by Clausewitzology on less talented minds.

Clausewitz in America: Prussian fantasies, French realities?

Since the end of the Cold War, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (which can apparently walk and chew gum at the same time) has been rethinking both conventional and irregular warfare. For the former, the pla turned to the American Mahan, not the Prussian Clausewitz; for the latter, the pla went back not only to Sun-Tzu, but also to Lawrence, Beaufre, Arquilla, Lind, etc. -- anything that can be of use in the conceptual toolbox of "unrestricted warfare" (URW). In America, meanwhile, -- and despite a guerilla war engineered by "Netwar" and "Fourth Generation Warfare" insurgents -- the military educational establishment has continued to peddle Clausewitz or, to be more precise, an increasingly Jominized version of Clausewitz.

Like the aging Marxists with a Karl of their own, the Clausewitzians today are more interested in exonerating their idol from the evil perpetrated in his name than in demonstrating what good he could bring to the current challenges facing the military. It may well be that Marx and Clausewitz were indeed mostly "misread" by most people most of the time, but if the risks of "misreading" are statistically greater than the chances of getting it right, what's the point of making it required reading in the first place? With its unresolved tensions between its theologia speculativa and theologia positiva parts, On War, to be sure, is ideally suited for endless, medieval-like scholastic disputatio. But while Clausewitz-Centered Chatter (CCC) can be entertaining (how many ayatollahs can dance on a Schwerpunkt?), there are undeniable opportunity costs for an officer corps already "too busy to learn."6

A decade ago already, U.S. Army War College professor Steven Metz remarked: "Like adoration for some family elder, the veneration heaped on Clausewitz seems to grow even as his power to explain the world declines. He remains an icon at all U.S. war colleges (figuratively and literally) while his writings are bent, twisted, and stretched to explain everything from guerilla insurgency (Summers) through nuclear strategy (Cimbala) to counternarcotrafficking (Sharpe). On War is treated like holy script from which quotations are plucked to legitimize all sorts of policies and programs. But enough! It is time to hold a wake so that strategists can pay their respects to Clausewitz and move on, leaving him to rest among the historians."7

In the past two years, to be sure, the steepest learning curve within the U.S. government has been in DOD, not the State Department or the CIA. But this "transformation" in military education has taken place largely outside formal channels. Today still, such is the institutional weight of the Clausewitzian petits maitres that the former commander of the U.S. Army War College -- one of the smartest proponents of Culture-Centric Warfare -- feels compelled to perform the ritual bow to the master in order to get the institution to accept the principle of a radical revamping of professional military education (PME).8

Does the obsession with Clausewitz really matter that much? You bet it does. As the military-educational complex (150 institutions, of which the Naval War College is the crown jewel) takes in interagency education, the danger is that "strategism" and "Clausewitzology" will spread to other agencies and may aggravate already dysfunctional civil-military relations at the working level. The Iraqi precedent, in that respect, does not bode well.

For those who naively thought that the current Iraqi predicament could safely be blamed on three dozen "neocon chickenhawks," Thomas Ricks's recent book will be a revelation: Failure was not the least preordained, and the military, as much as the civilians, has its share of responsibility. Talking about a military fiasco would be excessive, because it is not the U.S. military that made the two most fateful decisions (disbanding the Iraqi army in 2003; taking four months to form a government in 2006). But the fact remains, "well into 2005, the American military ... didn't imagine or prepare for the possibility that former regime members had their own 'day-after' plans to fight on even if they lost the conventional battle. It didn't imagine that Iraq would become a magnet for international jihadists, so it failed to seal the borders. It didn't imagine the Sunni tribal militias would react with such violence to the American presence, so it failed to take the pre-emptive economic and political steps to address their grievances. And it failed to understand that there were elements within the Shiite community that would use force to try to establish a theocratic system."9

Like McMaster's Dereliction of Duty on Vietnam (a book hugely popular with mid-level officers), Ricks's Fiasco on Iraq is at times too harsh on the military brass, and tends to misdiagnose a problem which, more than ever, is not so much moral as intellectual.10

The generation of Maxwell Taylor graduated from West Point at a time, the early 1920s, when the "lessons learned" could not but focus on a conventional war (World War 1), and their first-hand experience of war was shaped by another conventional war (World War 11). Thus, the Taylor generation never had existential nor intellectual exposure to irregular warfare (there was little theoretical work on the subject), and by the 1960s, neither did they have much incentive to learn from the experience of foreign powers (UK and France) which, unlike America, were after all colonial powers. But the successor generations should have logically benefited from the "lessons learned" in Vietnam as well as the growing literature on counterinsurgency. Yet instead of being exposed to the policy-relevant Clausewitzian realism of Osgood's Limited War Revisited (1979), the new generation of officers was force-fed with the Clausewitzian "surrealism" of Summers's On Strategy (1981) -- the true beginning of strategy for strategy's sake in America.

By 1999, the reasons for not using Clausewitz as a textbook had become apparent even to the Clausewitzian die-hards -- who nevertheless concluded, in surrealistic fashion: "Because much of the existing literature on Clausewitz explains his significance within an obsolete context, few educators are able to forcefully demonstrate his relevance in the post-Cold War world.... It is difficult to pin any blame on educators, however, when the existing version of On War is so difficult to reach and to teach from."11

Difficult to pin any blame? Not so fast. Chronologically and logically, the first blame would appear to fall on the educators' shoulders: isn't it a failure to learn on the part of military educators which later led to a failure to anticipate on the part of military planners and to a failure to adapt (quickly enough) on the part of military commanders on the ground?12 Isn't it the educators who drew the wrong lessons from Vietnam and came up with the surrealistic Weinberger Doctrine; who dubbed "Operations Other than War" (OOTW) anything that did not resemble a Clausewitzian "decisive battle;" who, having reduced "war" to "battle," "battle" to "combat," and "combat" to "targeting and shooting," dismissed post-combat planning as postwar planning best left to civilians.

Since the proverbial military-industrial complex can always be counted on to push for a technocentric approach to war, isn't it the duty of the military-educational complex to make sure soldiers never lose sight of the anthropocentric approach? And once it becomes clear, as in the early 1990s, that U.S. is peerless in conventional warfare, isn't the duty of educators to anticipate that the enemy will have no choice but to choose an asymmetrical approach -- as in "irregular warfare?" Yet, while the Osamas of this world were issuing fatwas against "Jews and Crusaders" and defining their own struggle in terms of "Fourth-Generation Warfare," our Clausewitzian Ayatollahs were too busy turning Vom Kriege in a military Quran and issuing fatwas against the theoreticians of 4GW, Netwar, and other postmodern "heresies." If that attitude does not qualify as "dereliction of duty," what does?

For the neutral observer, then, the problem with the "neocon chickenhawks" is not so much that they lacked an understanding of irregular warfare13 as that they seriously underestimated the sterilizing effect, on the American military mind and over a generation, of three dozen Clausewitzian cicadas for whom counterinsurgency was synonymous with "derisive battle." A contrario, the intellectual agility since the end of the Cold War of a Marine Corps largely exempt from the Clausewitz regimen (from General Krulak to General Mattis) would tend to prove that the problem is not with the officer corps itself, but with the (largely civilian) Clausewitzian educators. If the Clausewitzian text is indeed so filled with fog and friction, if On War is so hard to teach from that even most educators can't teach it properly, then surely thought should be given to retiring Clausewitz, or the educators -- or both.

The "cognitive dissonance" among Clausewitizians consists in maintaining the most dogmatic approach concerning Clausewitz as the True North, while deploring -- like Gray -- that "American military power has been as awesome tactically as it has rarely been impressive operationally or strategically.... the German armed forces in both world wars suffered from the same malady" (as if the two were somehow unrelated). If, as Gray rightly points out, "strategy is -- or should be, the bridge that connects military power with policy," what kind of a bridge is On War, which devotes 600 pages to military power and next to nothing to policy? Between the "strategy for strategy's sake" of the Clausewitzians, and the "tacticisation of strategy" of Network-Centric Warriors, genuine strategic thinking seems to be forever elusive -- missing in action as much as in reflection.

Why such an irrational "resistance" (in the Freudian sense) on the part of military educators? After all, it does not take an Einstein to realize that, from Alexander the Great to Napoleon, the greatest generals for 20 centuries had one thing in common: They have never read Clausewitz. And conversely, in the bloodiest century known to man, the greatest admirers of Clausewitz also have had one thing in common: They may have won a battle here and there, but they have all invariably lost all their wars. One suspects that the Prussian Party is in fact not so much interested in meditating Clausewitz (their endless exegeses of Clausewitz in the past 30 years has yielded no new insight beyond the interpretations of a Raymond Aron and a Carl Schmitt) as such, as in maintaining a "Prussian folklore" in the U.S. military. One can understand their hostilite de principe to the idea of teaching irregular warfare: from Marshall Bugeaud to General Beaufre, from Marshall Gallieni to Marshall Lyautey, from Colonel Trinquier to Lieutenant Galula, the majority of the leading theoreticians on the subject happen to be, not Prussian but -- horresco referens -- French. And as is well-known by anyone who gets his military history from Hollywood rather than Harvard, the French, since 1918 at least, have proven utterly incapable of fighting.14

Ironically, and Prussian fantasies notwithstanding, what the post-Gulf War American Army has come to resemble is the post-World War i French Army: In both cases, victory breeds complacency, and this in turn can lead to a solid but unimaginative army capable of holding its own against an equally solid but unimaginative opponent -- but is not necessarily a match for an innovative military, be it in the form of the German "blitzkrieg" yesterday or Chinese "unrestricted warfare" tomorrow. No wonder that a particularly bold USMC colonel felt compelled recently to argue that the "Shock and Awe" doctrine could prove to be America's twenty-first-century Maginot Line.15

As of this writing (August 2006), it is too early to tell whether Baghdad will be America's Battle of Algiers -- or Battle of Jena. But it is not too early to call for a Renaissance in Strategic Education -- for military and civilians alike. In diplomacy as in academe and in the media, there is unquestionably a need for greater strategic literacy, and the military can play a constructive role; but by the same token, the military will have to free itself from the Clausewitzian straitjacket if it ever wants to make a significant contribution to grand strategy.

The Revolution in Guerrilla Affairs

Unlike his disciples today, Clausewitz was an attentive observer of the revolution in military affairs of his day. It so happens that this RMA was in conventional warfare (the Carnot-Bonaparte revolution), whereas that of today is in irregular warfare (Netwar, 4GW). Clausewitz, to be sure, was no stranger to irregular warfare; in fact, On War was initially meant as the first part of a triptych on conventional warfare, irregular warfare and tactics. But the fact remains that in the 10 volumes of his complete works, the least developed (quantitatively and qualitatively) topic remains irregular warfare. Every thinker, to be sure, is a product of his time and, as Raymond Aron observed long ago, it should not come as a surprise that Clausewitz could only conceive of guerrilla warfare in the form of the traditional (defensive) "guerre populaire" and not the twenty-century (offensive) "guerre revolutionnaire." Be that as it may, it is not until the turn of the twentieth century that the conceptualization of irregular warfare will take a new turn, through the combined effects of the anthropologization of military theory (Calwell, Lawrence) and the militarization of revolutionary ideology (Lenin, Trotsky).16 Meanwhile, in the field of the conventional warfare, the traditional Clausewitzian emphasis on "annihilation" and "decisive battle" will find itself challenged by Delbruck and Corbett, while Liddell Hart will bring the debate on an altogether different plane: that of Grand Strategy.

If Mao Zedong marks a major turning point in the history of irregular warfare, it is because he blends the Western and Eastern traditions and offers the most comprehensive theory and practice of Guerrilla -- leading General Beaufre to refer to Mao's Long March in terms of "Grande Guerrilla." Yet, in one fundamental aspect, Mao continues to view irregular warfare the same way as Clausewitz: Irregular warfare is merely a "support activity" for conventional warfare; there is no substitute for a conventional, "decisive battle" in the third phase of Mao's people's war.

If there is a real "Revolution in Guerrilla Affairs," then, it is not to be found in Mao's Long March, but in the French-Algerian War (1954-1962). By 1962, the Algerian FLN forces are reduced to 10,000 men, while the French regular forces include more than 100,000 Algerian volunteers. But through the clever use of media (in particular Nasser's "Voice of the Arabs," the al-Jazeera of the time) and high-visibility fora provided by nascent international organizations (the UN, the Arab League, etc.), the Algerian FLN, while thoroughly defeated militarily, will be able to level the playing field and -- the asymmetry of political wills being what it is [17] -- to prevail politically, in a way totally unanticipated by Mao.

Fast forward to 1989. The year of the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, William Lind and his iconoclastic "band of brothers" come up with a new theory: Fourth-Generation Warfare. Initially eclipsed by other postmodern discourses (Toffler, Keegan, and especially Van Creveld), "Fourth-Generation Warfare" will enter the lexicon of the mainstream media only after the 9/11 events.

And the first criticism that 4GW will have to confront is that it is based on shaky history. While the point is well-taken, it is worth noting that this is not the first time in military circles that good theory rests on lousy history. In his time, 1957, Samuel Huntington's historical account of the relation between the Soldier and the State was at best fuzzy history; yet Huntington admirably succeeded in devising a much-needed normative theory of civil-military relations in democratic countries valid for the whole Cold War (whether the U.S. military should continue today to treat it as gospel is another question). Similarly, the historical foundations of 4GW theory are awkward at best: The "generational" periodization cannot fail to make any serious historian cringe, and a more rigorous genealogy should probably have followed the rough "revolution in guerrilla affairs" model outlined above. At the very least, the proponents of 4GW would have been better inspired to argue that, in the second half of the twentieth century, a new form of warfare became dominant due to a host of endogenous and exogenous factors: the increasing militarization of ideologies (Marxism yesterday and Islamism today), the constraints brought by weapons of mass destruction, the opportunities offered by the new weapons of mass communication, etc.

Be it as it may: As Lawrence Freedman, the dean of British strategic studies, pointed out recently, "the fact that 4GW is based on poor history, and does scant justice to the forms both regular and irregular warfare can take, is not in itself a reason for neglecting its prescriptive aspects."18 4GW theory, which presents itself as a work in progress rather than a closed system, remains one of the most useful approaches to understand the grammar and logic of the current global jihad. And the Clausewitzian drill sergeants are all the less justified in dismissing 4GW in that, unlike other postmodern theoreticians, the 4GW warriors do not exhibit an a priori hostility toward Clausewitz.

"Virtual States" and "Nonlinear Wars"

There is, to be sure, room for improvement. Thus, due to the Clausewitzian, state-on-state, force-on-force, dogmatism prevailing in military circles in the 1980s, the theoreticians of 4GW were initially inclined to put the emphasis on the opposite: the importance of transnational, nonstate actors at the strategic level, of dispersion rather than concentration of forces at the operational level, etc. Today, by contrast, it would be more useful to focus on the concept of "Deep Coalition" between state and nonstate actors put forward by other postmodern defense intellectuals (Alvin Toffler).

One clear shortcoming of 4GW theory is the axiom of a "crisis of legitimacy" of the state. For one thing, the "post-Westphalian" rhetoric so common since the end of the Cold War rests on an idealized vision of the Westphalian order, during which sovereignty was in fact never as total as some would assume; conversely, of the 150 states that have emerged since 1945, the majority have never been real states but "quasi-states." Too much emphasis on "terrorism" as a product of the "crisis of legitimacy" of the state is wrong not just factually but heuristically as well, in that it leads analysts to overlook the importance of terrorism as a "force multiplier" for the (actual or potential rogue) state. Simply put, the axiom of a "legitimacy crisis" is an impediment to an analysis of the various modalities of "war by proxy".19 Similarly, too much emphasis on "dispersion" can lead one to overlook the fact that "swarming" campaigns -- like the recent "cartoon jihad" -- are driven by "deep coalitions" of states, IOs, and NGOs.

Last but not least, one could certainly take the 4GW warriors to task regarding their editorial strategies: Having denounced the Western lumpen-intelligentsia for what it is (a Fifth Column), some 4GW theoreticians, blinded by anti-Bush passions, end up publishing their diatribes in the columns of the same lumpen-intelligentsia. True, William Lind on Antiwar.com is not nearly as bad as Jane Fonda on Hanoi TV, but given the IQ differential, this "objective complicity" (as Marxists used to say) still is "worse than a crime -- a mistake." Just like it is time for Clausewitzians to realize that ours is the age of the "Three-Block War" (Krulak), and that Santa Clausewitz won't be coming to town, it is time for 4GW warriors to grow up and accept the fact that -- to update Donald Rumsfeld -- "you go to war with the SecDef you have."

It is time to "bring the state back in," lest the 4GW and Netwar discourses end up being afflicted with the same disease as Network-Centric Warfare: namely, the "tacticisation of strategy." But the return of the state will not be synonymous with a return to Clausewitz. For one thing, the "state" is not the transparent, self-evident, ahistorical concept that some strategists all too often assume. In the days of Clausewitz, at any rate, the State was close to Fichte's "Geschlossene Handelstaat;" today, it is closer to Rosecrance's "Virtual State." For another, as the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review puts it, the Long War will have to be waged across the proverbial DIME spectrum, now renamed DIMEFIL (diplomacy, information, military, economic, financial, intelligence, law enforcement). Old Carl may have had a few interesting things to say about counterinsurgency (COIN), but he never ventured beyond the military dimension (in short, and to put it in modern parlance: it's COIN and DIME, stupid).

The bottom line: because wars are now waged along the DIMEFIL spectrum, the nonlinearity of war has increased exponentially. In his time, to be sure, Clausewitz had the intuition that -- to put it simplistically - "fog and friction" combined to produce nonlinearity, but this idea was never fully developed (the "chameleon" imagery in On War does not quite make a chaos theory). Today, the main driver of nonlinearity is not military friction, but media contagion. The overarching metaphor is not so much mechanics as epidemiology. The new buzzword is not kinetics, but "memetics." The main problem in the field out there is "mass disruption and mass contagion," while the relevance of the Clausewitzian "fog and friction" is confined primarily to, well -- the Beltway's interagency "turf wars."20

Clausewitz will never deliver the grammar and logic of Global Jihad. Can the Prussian's masterpiece at least increase the "situational awareness" regarding the current challenges? Let's do a quick tour d'horizon to see a contrario why, in and of itself, "Knowing Thy Clausewitz" will never provide the Big Picture necessary to devise a Grand Strategy.

"Deep Coalitions" and "Soft Balancing": The Shiite crescent and the SCO

In 12 month's time since the June 2005 presidential elections, Iran has managed to eclipse Iraq and Afghanistan as problem No. 1, thanks to the combination of nuclear ambition and genocidal proclamations. In what way can Clausewitz bring any light to the question "Iran: to bomb or not to bomb?" The Prussian, to be sure, can help us remember that Iran is not a unitary actor but -- so to speak -- a trinitarian one (government, military, people). Beyond that, nothing; yet, it may well be that, in order to avoid the alternative between appeasement and atomization, the U.S. will have to devise a policy whose success will rest, not just on a good grasp of Iranian civil-military relations, but of the correlation of forces within the Iranian military itself, between the regular army and the Revolutionary Guards, i.e., between those for whom "war is but the continuation of politics by other means" (in the conventional sense) and those for whom "war is the continuation of martyrdom by other means." But what do we know about the "tribal politics" of the Iranian military, and the possible incentives for defection, rebellion, subversion? Over the years, an unbalanced curriculum in terms of education (fixation on "decisive battle" and "swift victory") has had long-term implications in terms of organization (marginalization of the Foreign Area Officer program in terms of funding and promotion).

Because it deals essentially with tactical and operational, not strategic matters, neither does On War have anything to tell us on the increasingly salient subject of interstate rivalries in the Muslim world. To the extent that both Saudi Arabia and Iran can be described as "virtual caliphates" (in the sense of "virtual state" mentioned above), the post-1979 cold war of sorts between these two caliphates (reminiscent of the Soviet-Chinese rivalry) has a logic, and an autonomy, of its own (which, incidentally, would exist in the absence of an Israeli-Palestinian conflict) -- as did, a generation ago, the older cold war between pan-Arabist Egypt and pan-Islamist Saudi Arabia (which would have existed as well in the absence of a Cold War between the U.S. and the USSR).21

Just as On War has little policy relevance for Muslim civil-military relations and interstate competition, so it sheds no light on another increasingly salient question: the "deep coalition" between Muslim state and nonstate actors. Though the Shiites represent only 15 percent of the Muslim world, the emerging Shiite Crescent has a formidable potential for nuisance in the region (due to both the sheer number of countries with Shiite minorities, from Saudi Arabia to Pakistan, and the fact that Shiite territories tend to be where the oilfields are). What is the nature of the relation between the Shiite center (Iran) and the periphery (from Iraq to Pakistan)? What is the relative weight of religious (Shiite) vs. ethnic (Persian) factors in the "deep coalition" between the Iranian State and nonstate actors (Hamas, Hezbollah)? Under what conditions could Shiites and Sunnis overcome their differences and come up with a joint grand strategy against the West? These are difficult questions, but one thing is sure: not only On War won't give you the right answers, it won't even lead you to ask the right questions.

A small consolation: when it comes to identifying the "operational code" of deep coalitions, neither "game theory" nor "structural realism" is likely to shed any light either. Forget about "rational choice" theories: In the non-Western world in general, and in the Middle East in particular, state actors have a long record of self-delusion, miscalculation and defection.22 Rather than "structural realism," it is a "cultural realism" approach which will make intelligible the constantly shifting evolution between cooperation and confrontation, whether among nonstate actors (Hezbollah and al Qaeda, e.g.) or state actors (Saudi Arabia and Iran).

"Soft Balancing" is another missing chapter in Clausewitz's On War. International relations scholars have spent the better part of the 1990s wondering why the lone remaining superpower was not being "balanced" -- as required by realist theory -- by would-be regional hegemons. Look no further now: Since the summer of 2005, "balancing" is happening big time, led by China and Russia. What could still be loosely described in the 1990s as an amorphous "Sino-Islamic Axis" (Huntington) has taken, a decade later, a more institutionalized form to the point where some Western observers describe the China/Russia-led Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) over Central Asia as an emerging "NATO of the East."

From a traditional realist point of view, there was in fact nothing preordained in Russia's "bandwagoning" behavior vis-à-vis the Sino-Islamic Axis (the laws of geopolitical physics being what they are, a seemingly never-ending enlargement of NATO to the East simply led Russia to toy with the idea of turning the SCO into an Eastern NATO). Yet, Russia is not yet "lost": It belongs to the West, and traditional realists can plausibly argue that a little self-restraint on the part of the U.S. should be enough to get Russia back into the Western fold. While Russia's dangerous liaison with the SCO can be interpreted as tactical "soft balancing,"23 the same can no longer be said of China. China's growing global activism, from Latin America to Sub-Saharan Africa, from the Middle East to Central Asia, is bringing anything but stability in its wake, and China's recent development of second-strike capabilities, along with the construction of giant bunkers accommodating 200,000 people, cast doubt on the "softness" of its balancing act.

As a result of the emergence of the SCO, the focus of nato activities is likely to be less on a further enlargement to the East than, on one hand, "engaging" counter-balancing global partners (Australia, Japan, etc.) and on the other, "deepening" the political dialogue within the North Atlantic Council (to include now energy security issues). In the long term, and given the gradual subversion of the UN by the Organization of the Islamic Conference (see below), it is not impossible to imagine NATO transforming itself into a UN of Democracies. NATO, SCO, OIC: This triangle is likely to define the new geopolitical environment at the highest level for the near future. But where is the chapter in Clausewitz on "Alliance Politics?"24

The "Permanent Campaign" and the "Long War"

Since the Algerian War, the role of media in conflicts has increased exponentially. The 1960s was the Age of the Image, of "pseudo-events," of celebrities known for their "well-knownness," and both Castro and Arafat (two media inventions) quickly discovered how to exploit these new opportunities. In the 1970s, Khomeini used small media as force multipliers for a big revolution, while in the 1980s (intifada) and the 1990s (Balkans), the mediasphere became for the first time the main "battlespace." With the advent of 100 Muslim satellite televisions channels since the mid-1990s, some analysts have wondered about the relevance of Clausewitz in the Age of al-Jazeera, while others have discerned the emergence of a new, non-Clausewitzian strategic trinity.25

Within the various USG foreign affairs agencies, though, there is still great reluctance to view strategic communication as something that should be "present at the takeoff, not just the crash-landing," of foreign policy. In the counter-terrorism community, similarly, there is a tendency to treat terrorism as a suspension of communication (when it is in fact the continuation of communication by other means), and thus to fail to realize that counter-communication should be at the core, not the periphery, of counter-terrorism. The 2006 QDR asserts that the Long War will ultimately be won through "strategic communication." The problem? When it comes to strategic communications, amateurs talk about "messages," professionals talk about "narratives" -- and there are way too many amateurs in strategic communication today.

In domestic politics, since the advent of the so-called "Permanent Campaign" in the late 1970s, political communication has become a job where there is "no place for amateurs." The "ballot-box warriors" are by now fully aware of the importance of narratives. But there is today, in terms of sheer sophistication, a 30-year time lag between political communication at home and strategic communication abroad.

It is time to realize that, while foreign policy is not a popularity contest, "world leadership" is not a divine right either. Since the withering away of the Soviet threat, the U.S. has been de facto engaged on the world stage in a "permanent campaign" of sorts where there is -- or should be -- no place for amateurs either (in the Clinton era, the White House understood the importance of stagecraft, though more often than not as a substitute for, rather than a complement to, statecraft). This "permanent campaign" imperative was true during the peaceful 1990s; it is all the more true now in the context of a Long War in which, over time, memories of 9/11 abroad will inevitably begin to fade and the U.S. will inevitably begin to appear ("politics is perception" abroad too) as the "greatest threat to world peace." It is not too late to develop the same sophisticated understanding of strategic communication as that of General Marshall (as secretary of state) and General Eisenhower (as president) in the early days of the Cold War.26

In the ongoing battle for hearts and minds, public diplomacy and information operations will continue to go nowhere fast so long as they stay on "message" instead of moving on to "narrative." From John Arquilla to Lawrence Freedman, the best strategists have -- unsuccessfully so far -- tried to draw attention to this fundamental rule of strategic communication: "Opinions are shaped not so much by the information received but the constructs through which that information is interpreted and understood" (Freedman). Yet, the State Department and DOD remain stuck in the tactical level of messages ("early alert and rapid response") and have yet to tackle the strategic question of narratives. In the context of the GWOT, it is hard to overstate the importance of narratives, be they personal or collectives, prospective or retrospective, at the micro-, meso-, or macro-levels.

At the micro-level. As two defense intellectuals recently pointed out, "a grand counterterrorism strategy would benefit from a comprehensive consideration of the stories terrorists tell: understanding the narratives which influence the genesis, growth, maturation and transformation of terrorist organizations will enable us to better fashion a strategy for undermining the efficacy of those narratives so as to deter, disrupt and defeat terrorist groups."27

At the meso-level. It is time to bring genuine scholarship back in the meta-narrative of twentieth-century Middle East history. Since the Arab Revolt of 1916, the history of the region has been first and foremost the history of three successive rivalries. A first rivalry between the reactionary Saudis and the progressive Hashemites (1916-1925) for the control of the Holy Sites (and of the Oily Land, as it turned out later). A second rivalry between pan-Arabist Egypt and pan-Islamist Saudi Arabia (1945-1979) for leadership in the Arab world. A third rivalry between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran (1979-today) for the leadership of the re-Islamization of the global umma.

In short, from the point of view of Muslim history, the twentieth century has been as much a "Saudi Century" as Western history has been an "American Century." Will the twenty-first century be an "Iranian Century"? If it gave up its nuclear fantasies, it certainly could. At any rate, analysts would do well to focus on the impact of the renewed Saudi-Iranian rivalry on the region, and once and for all see the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for what it once was (a sideshow but a useful alibi to maintain a "state of emergency") and what it is fast becoming today (a probing ground to test the determination of the West).

At the macro level. The most effective retrospective meta-narratives rise to the national (or even global) level and acquire the status of "collective memories" -- which, more often than not, have little to do with scholarly history. If there is one grand narrative that needs to be thoroughly deconstructed, it is that of "Western imperialism vs. Muslim victimization." For nearly a thousand years, 711 until 1683, it was Islam which was on the offensive, and the West on the defensive, with a few sporadic counteroffensives (aka the Crusades). And it is thanks to the continuous pressure of Russia on the Ottoman empire from 1699 on that Western Europe became free to safely turn its back on the Muslim question and develop an Atlantic Civilization (Russia is the unacknowledged enabler in the Plato-to-NATO narrative).28 So much for Western Imperialism, then.

Beside the message vs. narrative issue at the level of information operations, the main challenge of strategic communication in the context of the Long War is to bring a proper balance between short-term information operations and long-term education operations. Despite its pitiful budget, the State Department has traditionally been good at "Edu Ops," and the Pentagon could learn a thing or two from State (just like State could learn from DOD about Info Ops). Every year, 2,000 foreign officers graduate from the various U.S. military institutions. At very little cost, there could be ten times more, while the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program could achieve a better balance between sheer training and genuine education.29 Then again: where is the chapter in Clausewitz on the strategic importance of "Defense Diplomacy?"

"Petrodollar Warfare": EU-SCO-OPEC

Need, Greed, and Creed: this "remarkable trinity" owes nothing to Clausewitz, yet has always governed the political economy of warfare in most of the world most of the time. War seems to have been the continuation of economics (as much as of politics) by other means for the better part of the past 2,000 years. At the other end of the spectrum, a traditional neglect of the economic dimension also leads Clausewitzians to forget that U.S. hegemony today rests as much on its monetary "command of the common currency" as on its military "command of the commons."30

When discussed at all, the economic dimension of the GWOT is usually confined to: a) the role of hawala, the complex informal financial networks, in terrorism financing; b) the costs of the Iraq campaign and/or the rising costs of oil for U.S. taxpayers/consumers.31 In short, the discussion of the economic dimension remains at best at the operational level and rarely reaches the strategic level. Yet, if the GWOT promises to be a Long War, it's not just simply because it will take 30 years to educate (as in: de-Salafization) a new generation of Muslims; it's also because, with a quadrupling of oil prices in four years, oil-producing countries have little incentive to see an end to the GWOT -- provided that they can redirect the jihad from the "near" to the "far" enemy. In the Saudi-Iranian rivalry, theo-political competition is balanced by geo-economic cooperation. Here again, the grammar and logic of the Long War, and the strategies and tactics of the Oily Alliance, won't be found in Clausewitz.

Last but not least, beyond -- and analytically distinct from -- the oil weapon proper, is the euro weapon. America's greatest vulnerability would be exposed were the SCO and/or OPEC countries, gradually and in a coordinated fashion, shift their reserve currencies from dollar to euros. A mere theoretical possibility? Not exactly. At a very slow pace, the train has in fact already left the station. Since the introduction of the euro in 1999, various countries have quietly begun to shift their reserve currencies and, at regular intervals, Russia, China, and various OPEC countries (the latter, for instance, in retaliation for the cancelled Dubai Ports deal) have threatened to continue to do so.

But while this monetary soft balancing does constitute a "threat" for the U.S., it sounds more like a "promise" for the EU. Back in the 1990s, EU elites "sold" to EU public opinion the idea of a European Monetary Union with the argument that the euro would quickly become the rival of the dollar as reserve currency, and that, in turn, would level the transatlantic playing field in such a way as to make unpopular structural reforms in Europe unnecessary. Today, in the wake of the failed EU constitutional deal in 2005, the domestic legitimacy of EU elites is at an all time low, and these same elites are anxious to see foreign countries -- any country -- transfer their reserve currencies in euro. The 64-million dollar question becomes: what political price would EU elites be willing to pay to have, say, Russia -- the world's second largest oil exporter -- shift a significant part of its reserve currency: a greater institutionalization of the EU-Russia security dialogue, as the Russians have hinted in the past; a quiet acquiescence to an energetic Finlandization which, all things considered, would still be a lesser evil compared to the current energetic dhimmitude of Europe vis-à-vis the Middle East? It's too early to tell, but one thing should already be clear: There is no chapter on the grammar and logic of petrodollar warfare in Clausewitz, either.

"Lawfare": Clausewitz or Carl Schmitt?

Is war really the continuation of Politik (policy and/or politics) by other means? Maybe -- maybe not. Whether the statement is meant to be descriptive, prescriptive or predictive, its validity, ultimately, rests on the definition of both War and Politik. After 600 pages of On War, you do get a sense of Clausewitz's definition of War -- but you still know next to nothing about the "concept of the political" from which he operates. The Prussian spends the whole first chapter trying to capture the philosophical "essence" of war, but takes Politik as if it was a self-evident notion. Whose Politik are we taking about? Aristotle? Machiavelli? Hobbes? Montesquieu? Fichte? Hegel? And if the latter, what are the relations between the Hegelian political struggle for recognition and the Clausewitzian military struggle for annihilation? These questions are not as academic as they first seem.

For the past two years, the Pentagon has been grappling with the concept of Lawfare -- the strategic use of law to overcome the enemy -- at the national and international level. Conceptualizing "Lawfare" is possibly the most difficult challenge confronting not just the military today (LOAC), but the whole foreign policy establishment (why, even the very diplomatic Council on Foreign Relations saw fit to brainstorm on this "latest of asymmetries"). Ironically, even though DOD is at the forefront of the conceptual struggle, the 2006 National Military Strategic Plan-War on Terror (NMSP-WOT)'s very definition of Islamist "extremists" and "moderates" (and its call to empower the latter), may in fact aggravate lawfare. The bottom line: If we ever want to develop a workable conception of Lawfare, we will have to trade one Carl (Clausewitz) for another (Schmitt).32

Like Clausewitz, Carl Schmitt is a dangerous mind -- only more so. Paradoxical as it may sound, the one-time jurist of the Third Reich is today an icon among the Western leftover left and its jihadist allies, who know that they will find in Schmitt, rather than Marx, the precision-guided weapons they need against liberalism. At his best, Schmitt remains to this day the most cogent critique of liberalism as a "political theology." And while the leftover left may hold it against him that he provided the best philosophical basis for a distinction between authoritarianism and totalitarianism, they are forever grateful to Schmitt for having put forward a proto-theory of Lawfare.

To put it simply (simplistically even): First, against Kelsen's legalistic fairly tales, Schmitt argues that law is nothing but the continuation of politics by other means. Second, with his "Dictatorship," "Concept of the Political," and "Theory of the Partisan," Schmitt turns Clausewitz on his head to remind us that there are times when politics reaches such a degree of intensity that the only realistic definition is that "politics is the continuation of war by other means."33

At his worst, Schmitt is not just an anti-Semitic Nazi fellow-traveler (obviously a plus from the jihadist standpoint); he is also the founding father of a Geojuriprudens based on race/faith, which served Nazism well yesterday and would need only minor adjustments to serve jihadism equally well tomorrow. Be it as it may, in times of "epochal war" -- and the Long War certainly fits the description - Carl Schmitt may well be what the Greeks called a pharmakon: i.e., both a poison and its remedy. Nothing is more urgent today than a confrontation between Schmitt and Clausewitz, if only because Schmitt's two "remarkable trinities" (Law/Politics/War and State/Movement/People) are more policy relevant than Clausewitz's. It is Schmitt, rather than Clausewitz, who will help you understand the current subversion, through international lawfare, of the un system by the Organization of the Islamic Conference (oic) under the guise of "dialogue of civilization," "tolerance," "global governance," and other niceties. For military lawyers who want to become genuine "warrior-lawyers"34, Schmitt remains the best point of departure for the elaboration of counter-Lawfare.

Last but not least: in an age when there is much psychobabble in the West about "identity politics," Schmitt also offers the most coherent articulation between identity and enmity. In that respect, it is to be hoped that, in the spirit of "jointness," the National War College and the Middle East Studies Association will sponsor a comprehensive, multi-volume study on: "The Social Construction of Enmity/Identity: The Representation of 'Jews and Crusaders' in the State-sponsored Schools, Mosques and Media of the 57 Countries of the Organization of the Islamic Conference." That way, we will know once and for all if the global jihad is primarily the unfortunate symptom of a Sartrian, existential mal de vivre in the face of globalization, or if it is primarily a concerted, state-sponsored first phase for an assault on Western Civilization.

Soldier, Statesman, Scholar: The lost battles of Clausewitz

Clausewitz may not be the "Madhi of the masses" derided by Liddell Hart, but he has certainly become the Madhi of a military lumpen intelligentsia for whom the fine art of asking the right questions has been made irrelevant since the master has already provided all the right answers. Once and for all, then: On War is a mere draft, which Clausewitz never intended to publish, and which he himself characterized as a work "that only deserves to be called a shapeless mass of ideas ... being liable to endless misinterpretations."35 No need to be more Catholic than the pope, then. But as military historians know, counterfactual history can at times shed light on some seemingly intractable problems, so let's walk briefly in Clausewitz's footsteps and review his existential battles.

Clausewitz the philosopher initially wants to be the Montesquieu of war. But Clausewitz the patriot, who like all Prussians of his generation is under the spell of Fichte (Schmitt got that right), would no doubt prefer to write a military treatise that would nicely complement Fichte's work on politics (Machiavelli), economics (The Closed Commercial State), and sociocultural history (Addresses to the German Nation). Hence the tension in Clausewitz's writings between the descriptive and the prescriptive. Did I mention there is also an "epochal war" going on, and that an ambivalent fascination for Napoleon, the "God of War," does not facilitate scholarly serenity?

With the restoration of the peace after 1815, with the withering away of both Fichte and Napoleon from the scene, with also a certain disenchantment with Restoration domestic politics, Clausewitz the patriot gradually gives way to Clausewitz the philosopher. His goal now? To be the Machiavelli of his time, i.e., a thinker as expert on war as on diplomacy, on statecraft as on strategy. He can't go on accumulating notes on war and having next to nothing to say about foreign policy, all the while professing that "war is but the continuation of Politik by other means." Time to walk the walk, not just talk the talk: He will apply for an ambassadorship at the Court of Saint-James.

One can only marvel at the political naiveté of Clausewitz here: The man has no experience in diplomacy whatsoever, has no "decisive battle" attached to his name, is not from high birth, has betrayed his king once by defecting to Russia -- yet asked for the most important, the most coveted, ambassadorship of his time. A real intellectual, then. Needless to say, his candidacy will be torpedoed after a protracted battle. Had he read attentively his beloved Machiavelli (or Gracian, or Saint-Simon, for that matter), Clausewitz would have understood that Politik in general, and "court politics" in particular, is but the continuation of war by other means (of the "indirect approach" variety); and that in order to get to see Politik-as-policy from up close, you need already have a good understanding of Politik-as-politics. This is the dialectical question that Clausewitz -- who has no political savvy -- will never fully grasp, existentially or intellectually.

Yet, one cannot but wonder what a British and a diplomatic experience of this kind would have done for Clausewitz. His stay in England would have been as much an eye-opener for him as the discovery of America was to his contemporary Tocqueville. And instead of retaining his youthful (by then: immature) fascination for Napoleonic battles, he would have been reminded by Nelson's heirs of the strategic importance of "seapower" (yet another missing chapter) and, above all, he would have learned first-hand from Wellington himself -- a soldier-statesman if ever there was one -- the meaning of "war is the continuation of politics by other means." In short, an experience at the Court of Saint James would have made Clausewitz more Tocquevillian and less Fichtean, more Corbettian and less Ludendorfian -- and that in turn could have made a world of difference in the history of Europe in the twentieth century.

Clausewitz is so acutely aware of the need to remedy his deficiencies in the diplomatic department that, for five years, he keeps hoping for an ambassadorship (London first, then any ambassadorship) -- and will suffer a stroke when he finally realizes it ain't gonna happen. He will remain in Berlin, where his stay will not be totally fruitless: Over the years, as his philosophical acumen develops, Clausewitz the philosopher will gradually realize that Hegel (not Fichte) is as much the "god of philosophy" as Napoleon is the "god of war." But here is his second tragedy: Clausewitz has a first-rate intellectual mind -- and a third rate philosophical education. Had he lived 50 years earlier, his meager philosophical baggage would have been enough for him to be celebrated by his contemporaries as a philosophe -- a Prussian Guibert. But by the 1820s, the Kant-Fichte-Hegel Revolution in Philosophical Affairs has turned philosophy into a professional activity in which there is no longer room for talented amateurs a la Montesquieu-Voltaire-Rousseau (if you have any doubt, just read Hegel's Logik). And a "shapeless mass of ideas" is the last thing you want to publish when you aspire to public recognition as a philosopher, especially at a time when one of the central philosophical questions of the day is that of Darstellung (which the words "presentation" or "composition" do not begin to translate).

The melancholy of Clausewitz's last years is that of man who never had the opportunity to fight the military battle he longed for, who has lost his various political battles, and who suspects he is unlikely to win his philosophical battle. By 1827 he has fully realized the need for a major rewrite of On War, but he will only have time to review the first chapter before dying of cholera in 1831 (the same year as Hegel). And so it is that, to this day, Clausewitz's On War looks at times like Machiavelli, at times like Montesquieu, at times like Fichte, at times like Hegel -- "liable to endless misinterpretations" indeed.

End of story. Rather than pontificate about an "unchanging nature" of war, our Clausewitzian drill sergeants would be well-inspired to meditate the rapidly changing philosophical terrain on which Clausewitz was venturing.

Beyond Clausewitz and 4GW

If ours is the age of the "strategic corporal" (Krulak), NCOs and junior officers will need a different kind of "situational awareness" than in the past -- and that, in itself, will call for a radical transformation of professional military education (PME). Of all the social sciences, anthropology is the one that can offer the most useful insights (psychology, by contrast, can only lead to a "babble for hearts and minds.") That said, the "strategic corporal" will have to keep in mind that, just as a military officer can be brilliant at the tactical or operational level and less than stellar at the strategic level (or vice versa), area studies specialists can offer invaluable expertise at the tribal and regional levels, yet display a total lack of judgment at the global level.36 At the interagency working level, and for the foreseeable future, "know thyself, know thy enemy" will continue to be more important than "know thy Clausewitz." So will "know thy Trotsky" (institutional infiltration), "know thy Gramsci" (cultural hegemony), and "know thy Schmitt" (intra and international lawfare) -- for this is the remarkable trinity on which the "operational code" of the Fifth Column is based today.

At the level of the new "viceroys" (combatant commanders), it will take more than Clausewitz to develop "situational awareness" across the DIME-FIL spectrum. If anything, Clausewitz is more a hindrance than help when it comes to realizing the magnitude of the challenge presented by the global jihad as epochal war: demographic warfare, petrodollar warfare, multilevel lawfare.37

Clausewitz will always remain stimulating reading, but less than ever can he deliver actionable insight. Clausewitz should be not so much retired as kicked upstairs, and made the topic of a yearlong seminar at the doctoral level -- once, that is, the future (interagency) National Security University establishes a much-needed doctoral program. At the end of the day, though, military educators will have to remember that the name of the interagency game is not strategy but statecraft.

As for Fourth-Generation Warfare, chances are it will continue to offer precious insights. If it wants to avoid a "tacticisation of strategy," though, it will have to bring the state back in and distinguish between premodern, modern, and postmodern states while looking at sovereignty for what it is: an "organized hypocrisy."38 Rather than retire the concept of 4GW altogether, though, it should be given a fuller meaning, one that goes beyond the operational conduct of war and identify the epochal causes of the conflict in the perspective of the historical longue duree. To put it simply: 4GW theoreticians will have take into account that, if the global jihad can be called Fourth-Generation Warfare, it is first and foremost because it is the fourth wave of an age-old human comedy known as the "Revolution of the Saints": Puritans, Jacobins, Bolsheviks, jihadists.39

A theo-political Revolution of the Saints, against the backdrop of an energetic Great Game, in the context of an informational Global Village. It is going to be a "long, hard slog" indeed ...

Notes

1 On the importance of an anthropological approach to strategy, see Ken Booth, Strategy and Ethnocentrism (Holmes and Meier, 1979); Robert E. Harkavy and Stephanie G. Neuman, Warfare in the Third World (Palgrave, 2001); more recently, Mary Habeck, Knowing the Enemy: Jihadist Ideology and the War on Terror (Yale University Press, 2006); Richard L. Taylor, Tribal Alliances: Ways, Means, and Ends to Successful Strategy (Carlisle Papers, 2005); and Richard H. Schultz and Andrea Dew, Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat (Columbia University, 2006). At the regional level, the best introduction to Middle East exceptionalism remains Barry Rubin, The Tragedy of the Middle East (Cambridge University Press, 2002). On the ethnography of U.S. military culture, see Carl Builder, The Masks of War: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (rand, 1989); Brigadier Nigel N.F. Aylwin-Foster, "Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations," Military Review (November-December 2005); Robert M. Cassidy, Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror: Military Cultures and Irregular Warfare (Praeger, 2006); and Colin S. Gray, Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy: Can the American Way of War Adapt? (Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2006).

2 Vice Admiral Arthur K. Cebrowski, "Network-Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future," Proceedings (January 1998); Milan Vego, "Network-Centric is Not Decisive," Proceedings (June 2003); Gen. Robert H. Scales Jr., "Culture-Centric Warfare," Proceedings (October 2004). On technologism, see Williamson Murray, "Clausewitz Out, Computer In: Military Culture and Technological Hubris," National Interest (Summer 1997). On professionalism, see Don Snyder, ed., The Future of the Army Profession (McGraw-Hill, 2005); Suzanne C. Nielsen "Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness," Public Administration and Management 10:2 (2005); and Gray, Irregular Enemies.

3 Colin S. Gray, Another Bloody Century: Future Warfare (Cassell, 2005), 241.

4 Audrey Kurth Cronin, "Cyber-Mobilization: The New Levée en Masse," Parameters (Summer 2006). As Cassidy points out: "The longevity and resilience of Al Qaeda are not predicated on the total quantity of terrorists that it may have trained in the past but more simply on its capacity to continue to recruit, mobilize and inspire both actual and potential fighters, supporters, and sympathizers." Counterinsurgency, 5. The use of the internet goes of course beyond mere mobilization: see Gabriel Weimann, Terror on the Internet: The New Arena, the New Challenges (United States Institute of Peace, 2006). On the European front of the jihad, see Evan F. Kohlman, Al Qaeda's Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network (Berg, 2004); Melanie Philips, Londonistan (Encounter Books, 2006); Anthony King, "One in four Muslims sympathizes with motives of terrorists," Daily Telegraph (July 23, 2005). Patrick Hennessy and Melissa Kite, "Poll Reveals 40 percent Muslims want sharia law in uk," Daily Telegraph (February 19, 2006).

5 On the relations between dawa and jihad, see Zeyno Baran, Hizb ut-Tahrir: Islam's Political Insurgency (Nixon Center, December 2004). On demographic engineering in general, see Onn Winckler, Arab Political Demography: Population Growth and Natalist Policies (Sussex Academic Press, 2005); Milica Bookman, The Demographic Struggle for Power (Frank Cass, 1997); David Kyle and Rey Koslowski, eds., Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001); Mark Krikorian, "Keeping Terror Out: Immigration Policy and Asymmetric Warfare," National Interest (Spring 2004); Myron Weiner and Michael Teitelbaum, Political Demography, Demographic Engineering (Berghahn Books, 2001); Bat Ye'or, Eurabia: The Euro-Arab Axis (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2005); Lawrence Freedman, Population Change and European Security (Brassey's, 1992); On anti-Western indoctrination in schools, mosques, and media, see the various reports by Freedom House and Memri (www.memri.org.)

6 Gen. Robert H. Scales, "Too Busy to Learn," military.com (January 23, 2006). In what other profession does one find people so obsessed with the "nature" or the "essence" of their craft? Diplomats or dentists never talk about the "nature" of diplomacy, the "essence" of dentistry, etc. Philosophically speaking, the Clausewitzians manage to combine the worst features of neo-Platonism with the worst of Aristotleian Scholasticism.

7 Steven Metz, "A Wake for Clausewitz: Toward a Philosophy of 21st-Century Warfare," Parameters (Winter 1994-95).

8 Gen. Robert H. Scales, "Clausewitz and World War iv," Armed Forces Journal (July 2006).

9 Richard H. Schultz Jr. and Andrea J. Drew, "Counterinsurgency, By the Book," New York Times (August 7, 2006).

10 H.R. McMaster, Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies that Led to Vietnam (HarperCollins, 1998); Thomas E. Ricks, Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq (Penguin Press, 2006).

11 Christopher Bassford, "On War 2000: A Research Proposal" (August 1999), www.clausewitz.com/cwzhome/Complex/Proposax.htm. While Michael Handel's idea of emphasizing the complementarity between the Prussian Clausewitz and the Chinese Sun-Tzu is an elegant cop-out (Masters of War: Classical Strategic Thought, [Frank Cass, 1992, 1996, 2001], Christopher Bassford's project of rewriting On War for the twenty-first century reminds one of Jorge Luis Borges's famous short story about Pierre Menard, this fictitious character who boldly set out to rewrite -- coincidence? -- Don Quixote.

12 To use Eliot Cohen and John Gooch's useful distinction, Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War (Free Press, 1990).

13 Max Boot's The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power (Basic Books) was published in 2002.

14 Raymond Aron, Penser la Guerre -- Clausewitz, two volumes (Gallimard, 1976), part

          vakantiehuisje in Äkäslompolo, Finland : Yllästar 2 as 410 voor 4 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Yllästar 2 as 410
          vakantiehuisje in Kuusamo, Finland : Karhunvartijan pirtti a5 voor 6 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Karhunvartijan pirtti a5
          vakantiehuisje in Pielavesi, Finland : Willa kasari voor 16 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Willa kasari
          vakantiehuisje in Jämsä, Finland : 5650 voor 7 personen   
vakantiehuisje : 5650
          vakantiehuisje in Äkäslompolo, Finland : Maahismajat 3 voor 6 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Maahismajat 3
          vakantiehuisje in Äkäslompolo, Finland : Koppelonkulma 1 voor 6 personen   
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          vakantiehuisje in Kuhmo, Finland : Hamppulahti voor 6 personen   
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          vakantiehuisje in Kuusamo, Finland : Rukakaiku voor 10 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Rukakaiku
          vakantiehuisje in Ylläsjärvi, Finland : Ylläsjuolukka b voor 7 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Ylläsjuolukka b
          vakantiehuisje in Mikkeli, Finland : Mikkeli voor 6 personen   
vakantiehuisje : MikkeliVakantiehuis van 196 m². Slaapkamer: 2x Opklapbed(den) of matras(sen), Slaapkamer: 1x 1-persoonsbed(den), Slaapkamer: 1x 1-persoonsbed(den), Slaapkamer: 1x 2-persoonsbed(den), Woonkamer Woonkamer met open keuken Toilet: Toilet: warm en koud water Toilet: Toilet: warm en koud water Badkamer: Toilet: warm en koud water, Douche Badkamer: Toilet: warm en koud water, Douche Terras of vergelijkbaar: Balkon en terrasVakantiehuis van 196 m². Slaapkamer: 2x Opklapbed(den) of matras(sen),
          vakantiehuisje in Sotkamo, Finland : Klz 6. helmi voor 8 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Klz 6. helmi
          vakantiehuisje in Kuopio, Finland : Siimaranta voor 7 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Siimaranta
          vakantiehuisje in Kolari, Finland : Jousimaja voor 4 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Jousimaja
          vakantiehuisje in Ylläsjärvi, Finland : Kantokelo c 1 voor 8 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Kantokelo c 1
          vakantiehuisje in Sotkamo, Finland : Klz 3. malakiitti voor 8 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Klz 3. malakiitti
          vakantiehuisje in Mikkeli, Finland : Laavusranta voor 4 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Laavusranta
          vakantiehuisje in Hyrynsalmi, Finland : Kallio voor 4 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Kallio
          vakantiehuisje in Kittilä, Finland : Utsunusko b voor 5 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Utsunusko b
          vakantiehuisje in Sotkamo, Finland : Maanselän etappi / peiponpesä voor 4 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Maanselän etappi / peiponpesä
          vakantiehuisje in Hämeenlinna, Finland : Puolukka, leppäniemen hirsihuvilat voor 10 personen   
vakantiehuisje : Puolukka, leppäniemen hirsihuvilat
          Svenska mästarna värvar landslagsman - från Kina   

HV 71 har gjort klart med en ny spelare.

Den finske landslagsmannen Max Wärn, förra säsongen i kinesiska KHL-klubben Kunlun Red Star, har skrivit på för mästarlaget.

– Han kommer att bli en fin tillgång för oss, säger sportchef Johan Hult till klubbens hemsida.


          Se vende - Próximos 3-6 Meses Vestidos - Subasta   

Granada GR, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Rusia, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Noruega, Indonesia, Malasia, México, Singapur, Corea del Sur, Suiza, Taiwán, ...
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          Se vende - Bebé Niña Primavera Verano Ropa Vestidos Pantalones... - Subasta   

Granada GR, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, Hong Kong, Noruega, Malasia, Singapur, Suiza, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bangladesh, Belice, Bermudas, Bolivia, Barbados, Brunéi, Islas ...
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          Se vende - Paquete De Bebé De Niña 6-9 meses vestidos... - Subasta   

Granada GR, España
Envío a: Reino Unido, Antigua y Barbuda, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Alemania, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Rumanía, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España, Suecia, Australia, Estados Unidos, Canadá, Brasil, Japón, Nueva Zelanda, Hong Kong, Noruega, Malasia, Singapur, Suiza, Taiwán, Tailandia, Bangladesh, Belice, Bermudas, Bolivia, Barbados, Brunéi, Islas ...
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          Se vende - Jasper Conran vestidos y chaqueta de la edad de 3-6... - Subasta   

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          SAP BusinessObjects Lead / Whitehall Resources Ltd / Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland   
Whitehall Resources Ltd/Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland

SAP BusinessObjects Lead

Whitehall Resources are currently looking for a SAP BusinessObjects Lead for a project with our client in Helsinki, Finland.

Site: Onsite Helsinki, Finland

Workload: 100%

Start date: 01.08.2017

Expected Duration: 1 - 2 months

Language requirements: English required, Finnish is preferred

The main project deliverables is reporting, forecasting, assortment planning and retail price planning.

Reporting consists Customer, SCM, Sales and POS Reporting.

The program will be implemented on several SAP solutions, for example SAP BW4/HANA, SAP CAR, SAP BusinessObjects, Fiori/UI5 and ERP.

Sector is retail analytics.

This program will build three HANA-based BI solutions:

BW/EDW for reporting and analytics, Analytics Workspace for planning and forecasting and SAP CAR (Customer Activity Repository) with POS DTA.

Skills/Competencies:

Reporting and Analytics design phase finalization and starting implementation.

Technical design for tools which are selected for each use case and report can be finalized offshore by the consultants who will implement the report.

Tools: SAP BusinessObjects: Design Studio, WebIntelligence and Lumira.

DW: SAP BW and HANA.

Basic knowledge of authorizations is an advantage.

New version BW4/HANA will be used for data warehouse design and implementation. Also native HANA will be used.

Whitehall Resources are leading ERP Recruitment specialist in the provision of SAP, Oracle & IT recruitment in the UK and Internationally.

Employment Type: Contract
Duration: 4-8 weeks
Other Pay Info: Competitive rates dependent on exp

Apply To Job
          Royal Caribbean International ordered a new generation cruise vessel from Aker Yards (Finland).   
Royal Caribbean International ordered a new generation cruise vessel from Aker Yards (Finland). With the contract price of approximately EUR 900 million, this is the most expensive ship ever ordered in the history of commercial shipbuilding. A prototype of this 220,000 GRT ship was developed under Project Genesis. It is estimated that 5,800 man-years of work will be required to complete the vessel with delivery scheduled in autumn 2009. The contract includes an option for a similar vessel.

Taking a huge leap of 43 per cent in size from the new record breaking "Freedom of the Seas" to be delivered for Royal Caribbean from Aker Yards in April, the new giant of the cruise market will be 360 meters long, 47 meters wide, 65 m high above waterline and will accommodate 5,400 passengers. The previous deliveries from Aker Yards to Royal Caribbean include eleven newbuildings, and there are three more in the present orderbook, the world's largest cruise vessels in the Freedom class, to be delivered in 2006, 2007 and 2008. Consisting of 18 newbuildings, the total value of the order book of Aker Yards in Finland is some 4.3 billion euro after this contract. The contract is subject to final confirmation of buyers financing.
          Finland - PKC GROUP - Polska   
That is why we make a continuous effort to systematically develop our staff and job well-being. Home Page | About PKC | Careers | Europe | Finland....
Od PKC GROUP - Fri, 30 Jun 2017 07:32:12 GMT - Pokaż wszystkie Polska oferty pracy
          CoasterRadio.com #201 - Season Two Premiere - 2006 Season Preview   
Join us as we start the second season of CoasterRadio.com! As the Ghostbusters once said.... We're ready to believe you. We'll start off the 2006 season by reviewing many of the new rides and attractions coming to theme parks this summer. We'll talk about new roller coasters such as: The Voyage at Holiday World El Toro at Six Flags Great Adventure Thunderbird at Power Park, Finland Expedition Everest at Disney's Animal Kingdom X Coaster at at Magic Springs Tatsu at Six Flags Magic Mountain Italian Job Turbo Coaster at Paramount's Kings Dominion Flying Turns at Knoebels Goliath at Six Flags Over Georgia Goliath at La Ronde Patriot at Worlds Of Fun Stealth at Thorpe Park, United Kingdom Kentucky Rumbler at Beech Bend And we'll talk about other attractions like: Panic Plunge at Silverwood in Idaho Skyhawk at Cedar Point Swingshot at Kennywood Thunder N Lightning at Lake Compounce Timber Tower at Dollywood We'll also have some major announcements about upcoming events in Season 2! After the show, join us in our forums to talk about your opinions. You can also record your thoughts on the CoasterRadio.com Voicemail Line at 206-339-RIDE (206-339-7433). Let us know what you think by e-mailing us at feedback@coasterradio.com.
          Accounts Payable Specialist - Baffinland - Ontario   
Liaise with the procurement group to ensure timely resolution of parked invoices. At Baffinland, we work and live beyond the Arctic Circle, mining iron ore at...
From Baffinland - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 21:12:59 GMT - View all Ontario jobs
          Europe forecast: Heatwave south-east - Unsettled north & west, Jun 30 - 00:43   

Friday Unsettled and cool for northern Europe, whilst a plume of hot air affects the south-east of the continent. Much of Iberia will be dry, sunny and warm, 28 to 30C for southern Portugal and Andalucia. A northerly breeze brings rain to northern Spain. Showers for the western Mediterranean islands, also northern Italy. The central & eastern Mediterranean is hot and sunny, touching 40C for Greece and western Turkey. Temperatures widely into the mid-30s across Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans. Much cooler temperatures across central & western Europe, only 16 to 19C for France with outbreaks of rain, most persistent in central & western areas. Showery for the Alps and Germany, although drier to the east. Low pressure centred over southern Scandinavia brings strong winds, local easterly gales around the central Baltic. Persistent rain for Denmark, plus northern coasts of Germany and Poland. Rain also affects the Baltic states and southern Sweden, whilst much of northern Scandinavia stays dry, and pleasantly warm, highs in western Norway reaching 23C.

Saturday High pressure located to the west of Iberia brings fair weather to much of the peninsula, with north-easterly winds drawing hot air from the interior toward the south-west, highs 33C in the south. Some thunderstorms for eastern Spain and the Pyrenees. A few showers for Corsica, Sardinia and northern Italy. A heatwave continues for Greece and areas surrounding the Black Sea, climbing to 35 to 40C again. Low pressure over the southern Baltic drives unsettled and cool conditions across northern-central Europe, with rain affecting Germany, Poland and France, although improving close to the English Channel, across the Low Countries and also Denmark as pressure builds. Pulses of thunderstorms are likely for Austria, Hungary, Slovakia and into western Ukraine, advancing north-east. Much of Norway, Sweden and Finland should be dry and warm, widely into the lows 20s Celsius. Some rain around the southern Baltic.


          Pologne: Latvala fait la course en tête   
Après une première spéciale revenue à Thierry Neuville (Hyundai), le rallye de Pologne est passée ce vendredi sous la coupe de Jari-Matti Latvala (Toyota).  Le Finlandais remporte ES3 (15,05km) puis ES4 (19,60km) et se classe 2e de l'ES5 (13,50km), remportée par Neuville, pour faire la course en tête sous une pluie incessante ou presque... Au classement général, si Latvala mène la danse, Neuville, nouveau dauphin (+4"5), double les deux Ford d'Ott Tänak (+5'') et Sébastien Ogier (+7''3) ; le Français qui a rétrogradé de 2 places au cours de cette première boucle matinale. A noter derrière la casse de sa suspension par Esapekka Lappi (Toyota). Derrière le quatuor de tête, le trou est fait puisque le 5e Hayden Paddon (Hyundai) est déjà relégué à 43"6.  
          Carte routière Finlande 1: 800 000   
Carte routière de Finlande à l’échelle 1 : 800 000. Cette carte vous permettra de préparer votre voyage en Finlande et de vous déplacer à travers tout le pays. Cette carte est éditée par l’organisme finlandais Karttakeskus. Carte imprimé sur les deux côtés comprend un tableau des distances entre les villes, un index des noms, une légende en finnois et en anglais ainsi que des explications concernant les panneaux signalétiques routiers en Finlande.
13,90 €

          Assistant Professor/Associate Professor/Professor of Sustainability Science, Indigenous Sustainabilities   

Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science calls for applications for a professorship or a fixed-term associate/assistant professorship (tenure track system) in sustainability science, with focus on indigenous sustainabilities. HELSUS is a new cross-faculty research unit in sustainability science at the University of Helsinki.


          EDUFI bourses pour les doctorants étrangers en Finlande, 2017   

Esta beca ha sido extraída de Bourses Cameroun - 2018 ¡Entra y encuentra la beca que necesitas!

Agence nationale finlandaise pour l’éducation (EDUFI) accorde des bourses pour les doctorants étrangers et aux jeunes chercheurs de réaliser des études supérieures et de recherche et de formation dans les universités de finnois. le...

Contenido original de la beca EDUFI bourses pour les doctorants étrangers en Finlande, 2017


           Finlandia absuelve a uno de los cinco cubanos de la selección nacional de voleibol acusados de violación    
El tribunal de apelaciones de la ciudad de Turku, en Finlandia, ha dictado nueva sentencia contra los cinco jugadores de la selección nacional de voleibol de Cuba detenidos a principios de julio del año pasado bajo las acusaciones de haber violado a una mujer en el país, que habían sido condenados a sentencias de hasta cinco años de prisión.
          Debutanten Simosas direkt till final i orienterings-VM – "Nollar detta tills imorgon"   
Finland fick en lyckad start på orienterings-VM i Tartu då alla finländska deltagarna tog sig till final i sprinten. En av dem var finlandssvenske Otto Simosas, som direkt i mästerskapsdebuten tog en finalplats. Helt nöjd var han ändå inte med sin insats.
          Superdag för Finland i junior-EM i orientering: Guld och brons   
Det blev två medaljer för Finland under öppningsdagen av junior-EM i orientering i Slovakien. Anu Tuomisto tog ett guld och Ida Haapala ett brons. Tuomisto tävlar i 18-års klassen, och direkt i sprinten blev det seger med fem sekunder före schweiziskan Elena Pezzati.
          Nobel per la pace a Martii Ahtisaari   
Il diplomatico finlandese decisivo in Kosovo e Namibia
          HIM confirma fecha en México por su tour de despedida   
HIM, His Infernal Majesty, la banda de origen finlandés confirmó una fecha en la ciudad de México como parte de su Farewell Tour para despedirse de su público. Ville Valo y compañía expresaron, a través de un comunicado el pasado 5 de marzo, que la banda había llegado a su fin, después de más de […]

Autor: Toust


          Re: Finland!!!   
hie am willing to meet you am black guy from Zimbabwe am willing to travel am finacially secure, am 34 waist, 175cm tall, 9inch cock
          Looking for models in Sweden, Finland, Estonia or Latvia   
Looking for male model of African descent in Estonia, North Europe.

http://4models.info/
          Accounts Payable Specialist - Baffinland - Ontario   
Baffinland At Baffinland, we work and live beyond the Arctic Circle, mining iron ore at our Mary River Property, located in the Qikiqtani Region of Nunavut
From Baffinland - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 21:12:59 GMT - View all Ontario jobs
          For sale - spro dd Crankbaits Vintage - Auction   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage ll Bean Fly Fishing Vest usa 20 Pocket With... - Auction   

Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Vintage Red Man Tournament Trail 10th Anniversary... - Auction   

Bass 3991, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - vintage penn senator 4/0 big game conventional... - Auction   

Saltwater 2430, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Qatar ...
ebay.com.au

          Love Records: Anna mulle Lovee (2016)   
Love Records: Anna mulle Lovee (2016)

La película representa la subida y la caída de la etiqueta de registro de los Love Records record en 1960’s y 1970’s Finlandia. Sigue a Atte Blom, Otto Donner y Christian Schwindt, tres amigos con la intención de cambiar la actitud del clima y la cultura finlandeses


          Finland's famous hydraulic press guy crushes and extrudes Big Macs, which surprisingly look about the same when finished [Amusing]   
Amusing [link] [28 comments]

          For sale - Old School bmx gt Seat Clamp fits Pro Performer... - $25   
York 6302, Australia
Posting to: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian Federation, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - haro bmx handlebar stem 45 mm, savage gyro... - $31   
Exeter 5019, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, China, Hong Kong, Norway, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Silver Haro fusion Ground Round 14mm Front And Rear... - $83   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Norway, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          For sale - Black Haro fusion Ground Round 10mmfront And 14mm... - $83   
Zetland 2017, Australia
Posting to: United Kingdom, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Russian Federation, Canada, Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Norway, Singapore, Korea, South, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand
ebay.com.au

          ARCTICNATIONS.COM   
Auction Type: Offer, Auction End Time: 09/18/2017 08:21 AM (PDT), Price: $5,000, Number of Bids: 0, Domain Age: 0, Description: Arctic Nations, the eight Arctic nations (Canada, Denmark (Greenland & The Faroe Islands), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia, and USA) are all members of the Arctic Council, as are organizations representing six indigenous populations., Traffic: 0, Valuation: $0, IsAdult: false
          Timmy!   
Tim Thomas took a long and winding road to the All-Star Game, passing through Vermont, Houston, Edmonton, Hamilton, Finland, and parts unknown. At one point he even had to fight a cyclops and erect a Trojan Horse. It was a long journey.
          250207-2017: Finlande-Kuopio: Services de technologies de l'information, conseil, développement de logiciels, internet et appui   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis en cas de transparence ex ante volontaire
          249713-2017: Finlande-Lahti: Services récréatifs, culturels et sportifs   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: 15-08-2017 | Document: Avis de marché
          ‘Nex Machina’: Frenetic, hypnotic and seriously addictive   
'Nex Machina': Frenetic, hypnotic and seriously addictive

Nex Machina Developed by: Housemarque Published by: Housemarque Available on: PC, PlayStation 4 I received my PlayStation 4 as a Christmas gift in 2013. For at least a year, until “Bloodborne” came out, my go-to game was “Resogun” a side-scrolling, spaceship shooter that was available for free to PlayStation Plus subscribers. Developed by Housemarque, Finland’s […]

          Park Tarabya Anaokulu Finlandiya’da ilk üçte   
Park Tarabya Anaokulu 36 ülkeden gönderilen 800 proje arasında, “En İyi Eğitim Uygulamaları” kategorisinde ilk üç arasına girdi. Park Tarabya, Satulavia Kindergarten ile yaptığı eğitim uygulaması işbirliği ile 36 ülkeden gönderilen 800 proje arasında, “En İyi Eğitim Uygulamaları” kategorisinde ilk üç arasına girdi. Bu projede her iki ülke çocukları bir yıl boyunca, ölçtüler, gözlemlediler, doğa gezileri […]
          Jeld-Wen Buys Finland’s Mattiovi Oy   
Jeld-Wen has acquired Mattiovi Oy, a leading Finnish manufacturer of interior doors and door frames. Founded in 1911, Mattiovi supplies products to dealers and homebuilders in Finland and other countries in the region. Mattiovi was privately held by Taaleri Ovitehdas Ky, Taaleri Sijoitus Oy, and management. Terms of the acquisition were not disclosed. “The acquisition […]
          Warehouse Technician - Fixed Term - 6 Months - Baffinland - Nunavut   
This is a fixed term position based at site with a 2 week Fly-In, Fly-Out rotation. At Baffinland, we work and live beyond the Arctic Circle, mining iron ore at...
From Baffinland - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 21:09:22 GMT - View all Nunavut jobs
          Friday 2nd December 2011 - Big Brother 7 Finland   
Ben, Sebastian and Tanja have been nominated for eviction.
          Nordzucker afslutter kampagnen 2016/17    
Et højt sukkerudbytte pr. hektar afspejler et godt dyrkerår på tværs af koncernen.

Nordzucker-koncernen har stort set afsluttet roekampagnen 2016/17, og sukkerudbyttet pr. hektar ligger over gennemsnittet. Vores 13 fabrikker arbejdede i gennemsnit 104 dage – og dermed længere end året før.

I alt har Nordzuckers fabrikker forarbejdet ca. 15 millioner tons roer mod 12,5 millioner sidste år. De fleste fabrikker har i løbet af de seneste dage afsluttet kampagnen, og i de kommende dage følger fabrikkerne i Uelzen (Tyskland), Örtofta (Sverige) og Opalenica (Polen). På den slovakiske fabrik i Trenčianska Teplá vil kampagnen vare frem til den 22. januar 2017 som følge af en rekordhøst.

”Alt i alt har vi i år kørt en stabil kampagne på vores fabrikker. Det var kun i begyndelsen, at vi på nogle fabrikker måtte håndtere en stor andel af ukrudt”, siger Axel Aumüller, Chief Operating Officer. ”Det er især et resultat af løbende investeringer i vores anlæg samt målrettet og veltilrettelagt vedligeholdelse. Det er alt sammen nødvendigt, hvis vi også i fremtiden skal kunne producere konkurrencedygtigt og i overensstemmelse med markedets behov”, siger Axel Aumüller med henvisning til 2017, der på grund af sukkerkvoternes ophør og afskeden med minimumspriserne på roer i EU vil blive et vendepunkt.

Årets sukkerudbytte pr. hektar ligger i alle lande over gennemsnittet for de senere år. Nogle steder opnåede man helt fremragende resultater – ikke mindst i Slovakiet.

”Vi har overvejende haft gode vejrforhold og dermed gode vækstbetingelser for roerne. Men det fremragende resultat skyldes også vores tætte kontakt med og rådgivning til landmændene”, siger Lars Gorissen, Chief Agricultural Officer. Han understreger, at ”vi er på rette kurs, og vi vil øge høstudbyttet yderligere – roen vil også fremover være en konkurrencedygtig afgrøde.”

Her en oversigt over resultaterne i de enkelte lande:

Tyskland
Efter gennemsnitligt 103 kampagnedage kan de fem tyske fabrikker se tilbage på en meget vellykket kampagne. Med ca. 13,5 tons sukker pr. hektar (sidste år 13,0) ligger udbyttet – med betydelige regionale forskelle og enkelte topperformere – over gennemsnittet for de senere år. En ekstremt tør september og en solfattig oktober stod i vejen for endnu bedre resultater, men den gode roekvalitet sikrede helt frem til den sidste dag en stabil forarbejdning på fabrikkerne.

Danmark
De to fabrikker i hhv. Nakskov og Nykøbing arbejdede på stabilt niveau i gennemsnitligt 101 dage frem til årsskiftet og leverede roeudbytter over gennemsnittet. Med 13,1 tons pr. hektar ligger sukkerudbyttet på niveau med forrige år. Roerne blev udsået under de bedste betingelser i foråret, men den ret tørre sommer gav vanskelige høstbetingelser i begyndelsen af kampagnen.

Sverige
Kampagnen på fabrikken i Örtofta har i år varet omkring 116 dage og afsluttes sandsynligvis den 9. januar. Med et sukkerudbytte på 11,4 tons pr. hektar (mod 10,8 sidste år) ligger resultaterne lidt over det femårige gennemsnit. Efter udsåningen i marts/april kom der gode vækstbetingelser for roerne, også selvom sommeren blev relativt tør. At frosten kom tidligt, i starten af november, gav dog i nogle regioner vanskelige høstforhold og visse udfordringer mod slutningen af kampagnen.

Finland
Som den første fabrik i koncernen afsluttede Säkylä i Finland allerede kampagnen i november. Med et sukkerudbytte på 6,7 tons pr. hektar (mod 5,3 sidste år) blev det et ganske gennemsnitligt resultat. Gode vejrforhold sikrede roernes vækst; i det tidlige efterår satte en tørke ind. Forarbejdningen forløb stort set gnidningsfrit og varede 57 dage.

Litauen
Fabrikken i Kedainiai i Litauen arbejdede på højt niveau og stort set uden forstyrrelser gennem 106 kampagnedage frem til den 30. december. Trods en let forsinket udsåning og et temmelig omskifteligt forår sikrede de gode vækstbetingelser herefter et sukkerudbytte over gennemsnittet – 11,6 tons pr. hektar mod sidste års 9,6.

Polen
I år var vejret i Polen meget fordelagtigt for roernes vækst. Efter to meget tørre år kom der denne gang rigelige mængder nedbør, hvilket sikrede et godt udbytte. Resultatet på 12,8 tons sukkerudbytte pr. hektar ligger langt over sidste års niveau på 10,0. Kampagnen varede i gennemsnit 104 dage og afsluttes i Opalencia den 4. januar.

Slovakiet
130 dages forarbejdning vil være gået, når fabrikken i Trenčianska Teplá formentlig afslutter sin kampagne den 22. januar. Dermed afrundes et ekstraordinært år i Slovakiet med et meget stort udbytte. Sukkerudbyttet pr. hektar ligger i år på 12,9 tons (mod 9,9 sidste år). I modsætning til de forrige år kom der rigeligt med nedbør, ikke mindst i sommer, og dermed fik roerne optimale vækstbetingelser.


          Production campaign 2016/17 completed at the sugar factory in Säkylä in Finland   
Successful campaign with excellent beet quality and record high sugar content

The last Finnish beets of the 2016 season have just been processed at Nordzucker’s sugar factory in Finland. During the 57-day season, the factory has transformed beet into sugar around the clock.

The beet growing season in Finland has been characterized by very favorable weather conditions however drier from early autumn. As a consequence the beet growth slowed down but due to sunny weather the sugar content continued to rise in the beet to a record high 18.0% (five year average 16.3%). 

Sune Berghäll, Head of Production in Finland:

- We are really pleased with the production season. The beet quality was excellent throughout the whole campaign and the record-high sugar content meant we also made new records in average daily sugar production. Our investment in a new flat pad reception area fulfilled all expectations and was running smoothly from day 1.  So all in all we have had a very good and stable campaign.

The Säkylä factory is the first of Nordzucker’s factories to end the 2016/17 production season. Nordzucker expects to have completed this year’s production season at all its 13 sugar factories in the latter part of January 2016.  


For further information:

Sune Berghäll, Head of Production, Finland, tel. 358 104315411

Tero Tanner, Agricultural Manager, Finland, tel. +358 405436873


          Positive forventninger til sukkerproduktionen 2016/17    
Forarbejdningen af roer på Nordic Sugars danske sukkerfabrikker i Nakskov og Nykøbing starter den 15. hhv. 22. september.

Alle Nordzucker-koncernens 13 roesukkerfabrikker i Tyskland, Danmark, Finland, Litauen, Polen, Slovakiet og Sverige ligger nu i startblokken til dette års sukkerproduktion. De polske fabrikker er første ude og starter forarbejdningen af roer den 12. september. Fabrikkerne starter successivt derefter indtil den 4. oktober, hvor fabrikken i Säkylä i Finland går i gang. Fabrikken i Nordstemmen, Tyskland, starter sin tyksaftskampagne den 29. august. Totalt set forventer koncernen gode sukkerudbytter pr. hektar.

Klar til kampagne
Millioner tons roer i markerne venter på at blive høstet og forvandlet til vores velkendte, naturligt hvide sukkerkrystaller.

Og fabrikkerne har forberedt sig godt på opgaven, understreger Nordzuckers Chief Operating Officer Axel Aumüller:

- Vi producerer sukker på bæredygtig vis og på et meget højt niveau. Med løbende investeringer – dette år alene 82 millioner euro – arbejder vi på yderligere at mindske energiforbruget. Derudover optimerer vi vores logistik- og lagerfaciliteter.

- For os er det vigtigt at se på hele værdikæden fra mark til slutbruger og sikre, at vi leverer konkurrencedygtigt, lokalt produceret sukker til vores kunder. I år har vi derfor blandt andet investeret 90 millioner kroner i miljø- og energioptimerende tiltag på de danske fabrikker i Nakskov og Nykøbing. For Nakskov betyder det eksempelvis to nye roepulppresser og i Nykøbings tilfælde blandt andet to nye centrifuger. Begge investeringer vil give væsentlige energibesparelser og dermed styrke vores konkurrencedygtighed – også på lang sigt, siger Jesper Thomassen, administrerende direktør i Nordic Sugar A/S.

Gunstige dyrkningsforhold
Efter den midlertidige reduktion i roearealet sidste år med en kortere kampagne som følge, er Nordzucker tilbage til normal kampagnelængde i 2016/17.

- Sukkerroer er og bliver en meget attraktiv afgrøde. I samarbejde med dyrkerne er det vores mål at yderligere højne sukkerudbytterne pr. hektar for på lang sigt at sikre roernes konkurrencedygtighed i et liberaliseret marked. Her er vi på det helt rigtige spor, siger Lars Gorissen, Chief Agricultural Officer, Nordzucker.

Samlet set har vækstbetingelserne været ganske gunstige med solskinsvejr og varme temperaturer gennem hele sommeren. I Danmark var maj måned dog usædvanligt tør, og de tørre forhold fortsatte frem til slutningen af juni. Nedbøren i juni, juli og august var normal, men med store lokale variationer.

Kampagnen i Danmark forventes at slutte i starten af januar.


Yderligere oplysninger:
Jesper Thomassen, administrerende direktør, Nordic Sugar A/S, tlf. +45 3266 2500
Mariann Mellström, pressekoordinator, Nordic Sugar A/S, tlf. +46 709 537124


          Finland joins UK’s Joint Expeditionary Force   
Finland is now officially a member of the UK-led Joint Expeditionary Force (JEF). Defence Minister Jussi Niinistö formally signed the partnership agreement in Stockholm on Friday.
          Storm winds knock out power to thousands   
High winds blasted across south-western Finland Friday, cutting electricity to customers. The rare June storm peaked on Friday afternoon.
          Government sent back to the drawing board on health and social care reform   
A major reform of health and social care by Finland's government has been rejected as unconstitutional by a parliamentary committee. The reform will now have to be changed substantially before it can proceed, further delaying a controversial transformation that has long been in the works.
          PK-37 - AC Kajaani   
Very interesting match in Finland between PK-37 and AC Kajaani where I will bet on under 4,5. I think that there this will be a close game. PK-37 is the most defensive minded team in the league as they have scored 8 goals in 9 matches played conceding...
          250124-2017: Finlande-Rovaniemi: Services d'éducation des adultes et autres services d'enseignement   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          250122-2017: Finlande-Rovaniemi: Services d'éducation des adultes et autres services d'enseignement   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          250118-2017: Finlande-Rovaniemi: Services d'éducation des adultes et autres services d'enseignement   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          250112-2017: Finlande-Oulu: Services d'éducation des adultes et autres services d'enseignement   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          250109-2017: Finlande-Vaasa: Services d'enseignement et de formation   
Date de publication: 30/06/2017 | Date limite: | Document: Avis d'attribution de marché
          Tour de Hongrie, il finlandese Manninen fa sua la terza frazione   

Volata anche nella terza tappa del Tour de Hongrie, la Paks-Cegled di 178 km. A prevalere è stato, un po’ a sorpresa, il finlandese Matti Manninen; il corridore della FixIt.no ha avuto la meglio sul belga Jelle Donders (Team Differdange-Losch) e sull’australiano Scott Sunderland (IsoWhey Sports Swisswellness). Proprio costui, in virtù dell’abbuono ottenuto, si riprende […]

L'articolo Tour de Hongrie, il finlandese Manninen fa sua la terza frazione proviene da Cicloweb.


          German Lawmakers Vote To Legalize Same-Sex Marriage   

Germany's parliament on Friday passed legislation legalizing same-sex marriage ― a sudden landmark shift for LGBTQ rights in Europe's most populous country.

The vote came days after Chancellor Angela Merkel signaled that she was open to changing Germany's marriage laws to include same-sex couples, prompting a hurried push from opposition lawmakers to pass the so-called marriage-for-all legislation.

Merkel's ruling coalition had long opposed a vote on same-sex marriage, an issue that is divisive among her conservative bloc. But during an interview on Monday with German women's magazine Brigitte, Merkel said she was open to members of her coalition voting their conscience, rather than holding the party line.

Merkel's shift came after she visited a lesbian couple raising eight foster children. She called her dinner with the family "a life-changing experience" and said she realized her party's arguments against same-sex marriage were no longer valid.

LGBTQ-rights groups and analysts, however, viewed Merkel's about-face as a way for her to shut down criticism from pro-marriage equality opposition parties ahead of Germany's general election later this year.

Merkel's comment sparked rapid reactions from opposition politicians, who called for immediate action on the issue. The leader of Germany's Social Democratic Party, Martin Schulz, demanded a vote within the week. Schulz is trailing Merkel in opinion polls.

Some of the more conservative lawmakers in Merkel's Christian Democratic Union opposed the legislation and blamed the chancellor for shifting her political stance.

Polls show that a strong majority of German voters favor same-sex marriage. A Federal Anti-Discrimination Agency survey earlier this year showed 83 percent of Germans support it.

Germany has allowed civil partnerships since 2001. But unlike many neighboring countries, it has lacked full same-sex marriage equality. A growing number of countries in Europe have legalized same-sex marriage, including Finland and Slovenia this year. Italy remains among European states that permit only civil unions and do not grant full rights afforded to married couples.


          India Is One Of The Biggest Senders Of Migrants To OECD Countries   

India remains the fifth biggest country of origin for migrants to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, new data released by the OECD on Thursday shows. More OECD immigrants came from China, Syria, Romania and Poland than from India in 2015. The number of Indian immigrants to OECD countries in 2015 stood at 2.68 lakh.

The 35-member OECD includes industrialised nations in Europe, Asia and the Americas, as well as Mexico, Chile and Turkey. Humanitarian migration was the main reason behind migration to these countries in 2015 and 2016, the International Migration Outlook 2017 report said. The United States was the OECD's leading destination country in 2015, with over 10 lakh new immigrants in that year alone.

In the preceding decade, Indians comprised the fourth largest group of new immigrants, with 2.36 lakh Indians migrating to OECD countries every year between 2005 and 2015. From 2014 onwards, Syria was catapulted into second place after China.

Indian students make up the second largest number of international students enrolled in OECD countries after China — there were 1.86 lakh Indian students studying in OECD nations in 2016. The US and United Kingdom are the top destination countries for international students.

Indians lead in seeking and receiving citizenship of the countries they migrate to — 1.3 lakh Indians became naturalised citizens of OECD countries in 2015.

Indians are now the biggest immigrant group in Australia and New Zealand, the second biggest in Canada, and the third biggest in Finland and the United States. In 2016, Indian immigrants overtook their Chinese counterparts in sending home the most money in remittances.


          Super Maxi CQS back to Stockholm   
It’s another “homecoming” for Ludde Ingvall as he brings the distinctive super maxi CQS back to Stockholm in preparation for the Gotland Runt this weekend. The boat arrived in Swedish waters recently from Finland, where she contested a race out of Helsinki. “Sailing Gotland Runt AF Offshore Race is a ‘homecoming for me’, commented Ludde, ...
          DEVILDRIVER Frontman DEZ FAFARA - “We Have A Lot Of Heav