Authoritarian Abuse in Eritrea   
Eritrea is one of the least discussed producers of refugees.
          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba   
Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba
junio 29, 2017

La opositora cubana Rosa María Payá, intervino el jueves en el evento
Border Sessions organizado por Human Rights Foundation (HRF) en La Haya,
junto a panelistas de Eritrea y Turquía. Todos abordaron acerca de la
situación de sus países en materia de información y de derechos humanos.

Los panelistas narraron sus experiencias y aludieron a temas históricos
y contemporáneos de sus países, en el panel que se centró en la
revolución de la información real y sobre cómo la lucha por los derechos
humanos puede avanzar a través de la tecnología.

Payá hizo un recuento de la realidad cubana. Aludió a la existencia de
presos políticos en las cárceles de la isla y a los cubanos que han
arriesgado sus vidas para llegar a Estados Unidos y otros países en
busca de libertad y mejores condiciones de vida.

"Esta información no es la más publicitada", apuntó la joven opositora.

Citó, -por ejemplo-, el caso del opositor Daniel Llorente, quien fue
violentamente detenido el 1 de mayo por correr con la bandera
estadounidense por delante de la tribuna donde estaba el mandatario
cubano Raúl Castro. Por esa razón, Llorente está actualmente detenido en
el Hospital Psiquiátrico de La Habana, conocido como Mazorra.

Una reseña del evento aludió a que "más de la mitad de la población
mundial vive bajo la dictadura o el gobierno de un solo partido".

"Uno de los primeros pasos que toman los autoritarios para consolidar el
poder es controlar el flujo de medios e información", explicó el texto
que introdujo el panel al que asistió Payá.

La activista cubana explicó a los asistentes que para acceder a internet
en Cuba es preciso hacerlo desde parques públicos y a precios altos a
los que no todos pueden acceder por los bajos salarios, al tiempo que,
-dijo-, sus identidades son controladas.

"Por eso la diseminación de información en la isla es básicamente fuera
de la red (…) los cubanos buscan soluciones como El Paquete", dijo
aludiendo al popular distribuidor informal de programas como novelas,
deportes y noticias generadas fuera del país.

Además de Payá, narraron sus experiencias los panelistas de Meron
Estafanos, de Eritrea, y Alp Toker, de Turquía.

(Escrito por Rosa T. Valdés, con reporte de Facebook y Twitter)

Source: Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en
Cuba -
https://www.martinoticias.com/a/cuba-rosa-maria-paya-human-rights-foundation-panel-/147864.html
          Somalia: Public Statement by Chair of Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict   
Source: UN Security Council
Country: Somalia

SC/12896

30 JUNE 2017

At its 63rd meeting, on 18 April, the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, in connection with the examination of the fourth report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Somalia (document S/2016/1098), agreed to address the following messages through a public statement issued by the Chair of the Working Group.

To all the parties to the armed conflict in Somalia, including the Somali National Army, Somali regional security forces, clan militias and, in particular, the armed groups operating in Somalia, including Al‑Shabaab and Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jamaʽa:

(a) Strongly condemning all violations and abuses committed against children in Somalia and their increase since 2015 and urging all parties to the conflict to immediately end and prevent all violations of applicable international law involving the recruitment and use of children, abduction, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, attacks on schools and hospitals and denial of humanitarian access and to comply with their obligations under international law;

(b) Calling upon the parties to further implement all previous conclusions of the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict in Somalia (documents S/AC.51/2007/14, S/AC.51/2008/14 and S/AC.51/2011/2);

(c) Welcoming the efforts made by the Federal Government of Somalia since the previous conclusions of the Working Group and calling upon the Government to swiftly and fully implement the two action plans signed in 2012, including by releasing immediately and without preconditions all children from their ranks and through the criminalization of the recruitment and use of children, the issuance of command orders prohibiting and sanctioning the recruitment and use of children and other violations and abuses against children in armed conflict, the establishment of age assessment mechanisms in their recruitment process and the screening of troops;

(d) Also welcoming the ratification by the Federal Government of Somalia of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, strongly encouraging the Government to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the involvement of children in armed conflict and urging federal and regional authorities to swiftly align federal or regional legislation with the international obligations of Somalia under the Convention;

(e) Strongly urging all armed groups, in particular Al-Shabaab, to immediately and without preconditions release all children associated with them and end and prevent further recruitment and use of children, including re-recruitment of children who have been released;

(f) Expressing deep concern about the high number of children killed or maimed, as a direct or indirect result of hostilities between parties to the armed conflict and of incidents of indiscriminate attacks against the civilian population, including those involving aerial bombardment, and calling upon all parties to respect their obligations under international humanitarian law, in particular the principles of distinction and proportionality enshrined therein;

(g) Expressing grave concern about the high number of cases of rape and other forms of sexual violence perpetrated against children and urging all parties to the armed conflict to take immediate and specific measures to put an end to and prevent the perpetration of rape and other forms of sexual violence against children by members of their respective groups;

(h) Calling upon all parties to the armed conflict to comply with applicable international law and to respect the civilian character of schools and hospitals, including their personnel, and to end and prevent attacks or threats of attacks against those institutions and their personnel, as well as the military use of schools and hospitals, in violation of applicable international law;

(i) Urging armed groups, in particular Al-Shabaab, to cease the abduction of children and all violations and abuses committed against abducted children and to immediately release without preconditions all abducted children in their captivity to relevant civilian child protection actors;

(j) Calling upon all parties to the armed conflict to allow and facilitate full, safe and unhindered humanitarian access to children, respect the exclusively humanitarian nature and impartiality of humanitarian aid and respect the work of all United Nations humanitarian agencies and other humanitarian actors, without distinction;

(k) Expressing grave concern about the detention of children on national security charges in violation of applicable international law, as well as about the use of detained children as spies in intelligence operations and counter-terrorism activities, and urging the Federal Government of Somalia to comply with its obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in particular that the deprivation of liberty of children should be used only as a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period and be guided by the best interests of the child;

(l) Welcoming the willingness of the Federal Government of Somalia to address these issues and urging it to fulfil its commitments under the Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups (Paris Principles), which it has endorsed, and the standard operating procedures for the reception and handover of children separated from armed groups signed by the Federal Government of Somalia, including by treating children associated with armed groups primarily as victims;

(m) Encouraging the Federal Government of Somalia to focus on sustainable reintegration opportunities for children affected by armed conflict, including the sensitization of communities to avoid the stigmatization of these children, while taking into account the specific needs of boys and girls, as well as of children with disabilities, orphans and unaccompanied children;

(n) Welcoming the fact that, on 5 October 2016, 26 of 64 children detained since March 2016 for their alleged association with Al-Shabaab were released by the Puntland authorities and handed over to the United Nations, while condemning the sentencing to death and heavy prison sentences of children for their alleged association with Al-Shabaab, in violation of their obligations under international law;

(o) Urging the Puntland authorities to review the heavy prison sentences against the children remaining in detention for their alleged association with Al‑Shabaab in accordance with applicable international law and to continue to work with the United Nations to support swift reintegration and reunification with their families in their regions of origin and rehabilitation;

(p) Calling upon all non-State armed groups to publicly express their commitment and take active steps to end and prevent all violations and abuses committed against children and to enter into dialogue with the United Nations to prepare, adopt and implement without delay action plans to end and prevent violations and abuses against children in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004), 1612 (2005), 1882 (2009), 1998 (2011) and 2225 (2015);

(q) Expressing deep concern over the lack of accountability for violations and abuses committed against children and calling for an end to impunity by ensuring that all perpetrators of violations and abuses are swiftly brought to justice and held accountable, including through timely and systematic investigation and prosecution;

(r) Welcoming the commitments made by the African Union and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to peace and security in Somalia and to the protection of children affected by armed conflict in Somalia and urging the African Union and troop-contributing countries to take all necessary measures to end and prevent violations and abuses against children, including fully implementing the Force Commander’s directive on the protection of children’s rights and complying with the standing operating procedures on the handover of children formerly associated with armed forces and armed groups signed by the Federal Government of Somalia, and to ensure accountability for perpetrators by undertaking prompt, thorough and transparent independent investigations of any allegations of violations and abuses committed by their troops;

(s) Recalling that the Security Council, in its resolution 2317 (2016), recalled the financial and travel measures imposed by resolution 2002 (2011), which apply to individuals and entities designated by the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea in accordance with paragraph 43 of resolution 2093 (2013), for actions that threaten the peace, stability or security of Somalia, such as:

(i) Recruitment or use of children in armed conflict in Somalia by political or military leaders in violation of applicable international law;

(ii) Violation of applicable international law in Somalia involving the targeting of civilians, including children and women in situations of armed conflict, including killing and maiming, sexual and gender-based violence, attacks on schools and hospitals, and abduction and forced displacement;

(iii) Obstruction of the delivery of humanitarian assistance to Somalia or access to or the distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia;

(t) Expressing the readiness of the Working Group to communicate to the Security Council and to the Committee pertinent information with a view to assisting them in the imposition of targeted measures on perpetrators.

To community and religious leaders:

(a) Emphasizing their important role in enhancing the protection of children in armed conflict;

(b) Urging them to publicly condemn and continue to advocate ending and preventing violations and abuses against children, in particular those involving the recruitment and use of children, rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, abductions, attacks and threats of attacks against schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access.


          Somalia: WFP VAM Food Security Analysis - East Africa: The 2017 Season - Crisis Rather Than Disaster   
Source: World Food Programme
Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Despite improved rains since late April, the delayed start of the season and severe early dryness will result in poor crop production, degraded pasture and low water availability for human and livestock consumption.

  • The food security situation of the extremely vulnerable households is expected to further deteriorate. Pastoralists in central Somalia, SE Ethiopia and western Kenya are of particular concern.

  • Somalia, Kenya and SE Ethiopia have now endured three consecutive droughts, including one of the most severe on record in Oct-Dec 2016.

  • Central South Sudan, Sudan, NW Ethiopia and Eritrea have experienced abundant rainfall resulting in robust early vegetation growth and early start of the growing season.


          Somalia: Somalia Repatriation Update 1 - 31 May 2017   
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, Tunisia, Yemen

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 3,769 Somali refugees returned to Somalia

  • 1,414 core relief items distributed to 1,139 households (3,864 returnees)

  • 549 newly enrolled students

  • 3,433 returnees provided with reinstallation grants

  • 26 shelters and 40 latrines constructed

  • 2,209 beneficiaries enrolled in community-based projects

UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Operational context: Repatriation continued in May with flights only because road convoys remained suspended for impassable roads as a result of the Gu seasonal rain (April-June).

  • Country of Origin Information: On 8 May, UNHCR shared the Country of Origin Information (COI) for the month of April with the help desk in Kenya. The COI included information on drought, AWD/Cholera, rain forecast and drought-related displacement, and included links to further information and primary sources.

  • Cross-border meeting: On 30 May, the cross-border meeting took place with counterparts to review the repatriation process from Kenya to Somalia. At the meeting, participants established the Thematic Working Group to address issues and found solutions to particular issues.

RETURN FIGURES

  • During the month of May, 3,769 Somali refugees returned to Somalia, namely, 3,158 from Kenya, 414 from Yemen and 197 from Djibouti. In 2017, a total of 29,087 Somali refugeesreturned, including 26,759 from Kenya, 2,068 from Yemen, 258 from Djibouti and two from Tunisia.

  • Cumulatively, 98,552 Somali refugees have returned to Somalia; 66,647 from Kenya since the beginning of the repatriation in December 2014, 31,543 since the beginning of the crisis in March 2015 in Yemen and between 2014 and 2017, 362 Somalis from other countries of asylum (326 from Djibouti, 33 from Eritrea, two from Tunisia and one from Pakistan).


          Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   

in_focus_gha_zeinab_badawi.jpg

© BBC World News

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.

 

Episodes

BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)

   

1) Mother Africa

In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

2) Cattle, crops and Iron

Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

3) Gift of the Nile

Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

4) The Kingdom of Kush

In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

5) The Rise of Aksum

Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

6) Kings and Emirs

In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

7) North Africa

In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

8) Pagans and God

In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

 


          Unge flygtninge fra Sorø til Tour de France: "Nu er vi klar"   
Og de unge fra Eritrea cykler hele vejen til Paris - sammen med et par danske ledere fra den kommunale organisation Ung Sorø
          UNESCO to court controversy with World Heritage picks   
The Old City of Hebron in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and a rare collection of futuristic buildings in Eritrea are among sites hoping to gain protected status from UNESCO when it meets in Poland from Sunday. The meeting of the World Heritage Committee of the UN's scientific and cultural body in Krakow will also examine concerns about high-rise buildings that threaten the historic centre of Vienna. Seven natural sites, 26 cultural sites and one mixed site could be added to the list of more than 1,000 places which have protected status during the July 2-12 meeting. Inclusion in the coveted list is often a source of national pride and can increase tourist numbers but it can also trigger rows and diplomatic friction. Israel has already protested at the inclusion among the hopefuls of the Old City of Hebron deep in the West Bank, home to the imposing
          A Libyan ambush, Central Asia’s security wobbles and Mozambique’s loan scandal: The cheat sheet   

All eyes on Libya

It’s been a rollercoaster few weeks for Libya. A spot of good news first: Libya is pumping oil at its highest rate in four years, an important boon for a country that relies heavily on the petroleum industry. Now for a bunch of bad: This week, a convoy from the UN Support Mission in Libya was ambushed and, according to reports, their staff taken at gunpoint. The UN now says its staff are all safely in Tripoli, but the incident is yet another a sign of the chaos in Libya, where multiple forces claim authority and there is heavy fighting in some parts of the country, including Benghazi. The UN has just appointed a new envoy to the country – a former Lebanese minister of culture – a process that took four months, after the US rejected a Palestinian appointee because of his nationality, followed by retaliatory objections to other candidates from Russia and other countries. UNISMIL and various UN agencies have been gradually increasing their presence on the ground in the dangerous country, but this week’s ambush is likely to be a major setback. And with Italy threatening to deny entry to foreign ships docking on its shores – an effort to force its European partners to do more about the massive influx of migrants, mostly coming from Libya – the internal divisions and external debate over Libya make it one to watch. 

Au revoir UNOCI

While it’s something to celebrate, the closure today of the UN’s peacekeeping mission in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOCI) has also generated some concerns. Although Cote d’Ivoire is one of Africa’s fastest growing economies, two mutinies this year by disgruntled soldiers suggests it has not fully healed from the 2002-2003 civil war and the post-election violence of 2010-2011. Human Rights Watch has called on the Ivorian government to address the rights issues at the root of past political violence, including the problem of impunity and the need to professionalise its security forces. It also pointed to the incomplete national reconciliation process and continued competition over land as potential flashpoints. With the peacekeepers’ withdrawal, a UN Security Council briefing noted the need for the international community to stay engaged. In a statement to the council, Sweden said the closure of UNOCI meant the “UN presence in the country is facing a ‘financial cliff’. This risks undermining the sustainability of the gains achieved.”

Is Afghanistan pulling Central Asia into chaos?

That’s the question at the heart of this new report from the Center for Strategic and International Studies. While Afghanistan’s downward spiral has been plotted meticulously by journalists and analysts, Central Asian states are often overlooked – to our potential peril, according to CSIS. The report notes that security has taken a nosedive throughout in Afghanistan in the past couple years, but asserts: “In the provinces of Afghanistan adjacent to Central Asia, the security situation has deteriorated even further than in Afghanistan as a whole on average.” That situation presents huge challenges to Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which could become destabilized by smuggling, Taliban attacks and infiltration by extremists, among other threats. The report suggests some measures Afghanistan and its neighbours can take to mitigate those risks – including sealing borders and negotiating with the Taliban – but of none of them would be easy.

Seven more years

Few African leaders divide international public opinion as much as Rwandan President Paul Kagame, who will run for a third term in office in August, having overwhelmingly won a referendum to change the constitution in 2015. Kagame’s champions see him as the architect of stability and growth in a country where some 20 percent of the population was slaughtered in the 1994 genocide. They point to free basic education for all, the halving of infant and maternal mortality, and the emergence of a vibrant economy as achievements which merit his re-election. Detractors say Kagame’s authoritarian style and intolerance of opposition – some of whose leaders have been killed or disappeared, others accused of the cardinal sin of “genocidal ideology” – is a threat to democracy itself. Further evidence of this came in May, when politicians were told that all social media or online campaign content had to vetted by the National Electoral Commission 48 hours before publication. This rule was shelved a month later in the wake of domestic and international pressure, but the attempt to control the messaging will not be forgotten. Still, Kagame’s re-election is pretty much a foregone conclusion: he won with more than 95 percent in 2003 and 93 percent in 2010. Rwanda’s is one of four key African elections being held this year: the people of Kenya and Angola will also go to the polls in August, while Liberians will follow suit in October.

Did you miss it?

Lifting the lid on a Mozambique’s loan scandal

As scandals go, Mozambique’s $2.2 billion secret loan deal that crashed its economy was pretty bad (See IRIN’s report). But now we’re getting a handle on just how corrupt it all was. The recently-released executive summary of the Kroll audit report suggests that the Privinest Group – which was supposed to supply Mozambique with a tuna fishing fleet and maritime security vessels – overcharged by at least $700 million. For example, fishing boats were invoiced at $22 million each, but Kroll estimates the real price should have been just $2 million. And there’s more. Kroll says that $500 million “remains unaudited and unexplained”, on top of the $700 million overcharge. That’s partly because Privinest as well as the state security service, SISE, local banks and the Ministry of Finance all refused to provide the auditors with information requested. For more on the scandal, for which Mozambicans are being forced to pay the price as the economy totters and social services are scaled back, check out Mozambique News reports & clippings.

The unpromised land

Few places these days can be described as hospitable towards asylum seekers, but in recent years Israel has outdone most other states with its policies of deterrence and detention. Not content with keeping asylum seekers confined to so-called “open” detention facilities like Holot, starting in 2014, the authorities began offering one-way tickets to “safe” third countries in Africa. By the time IRIN reported on these “voluntary” deportations in April 2015, it was already clear that those who accepted the offer to go to Uganda or Rwanda, the two countries that had quietly stepped up to receive Israel’s unwanted asylum seekers, did not fare much better than those who opted to remain at Holot. This week, a year-long investigation into Israel’s “relocation process” by Andrew Green for Foreign Policy revealed that the vast majority of Eritrean and Sudanese asylum seekers who are sent to Uganda and Rwanda from Israel are quickly smuggled into neighbouring countries where they have even less protection and live in undocumented limbo. Meanwhile, Ugandan and Rwandan officials continue to deny having made any agreement with Israel to receive asylum seekers.

Watch out for an upcoming IRIN film – Unwelcome Stranger - about the life of a Sudanese asylum seeker in Israel.

(TOP PHOTO: Two soldiers from forces operating under Libya's Tripoli-based government walking through the deserted streets of Bin Jawad. Tim Wescott/IRIN)

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201501270911460310.jpg News Conflict Politics and Economics This week’s humanitarian outlook IRIN GENEVA Global
             
Divisions Among Gulf Arab States Increases Instability in the Horn of Africa
Gulf Cooperation Council isolation of Qatar impacts Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia and Sudan

By Abayomi Azikiwe
Editor, Pan-African News Wire
Thursday June 29, 2017

A dispute over territory involving the Horn of Africa states of Djibouti and Eritrea was reignited in the aftermath of the withdrawal of Qatari military forces stationed on the border of the countries on June 13.

Doha had served as a mediator in competing claims over Ras Doumeira Mountain and Island on the Red Sea coast near Bab al-Mandab Strait, a strategic shipping lane. Qatari troops were stationed in the area to prevent the potential of a resumption of armed clashes which erupted between Djibouti and Eritrea during June 10-13, 2008.

Qatari military forces serving as peacekeepers pulled out their personnel without any stated reasons. Speculation surrounding the Qatari moves suggests that the burgeoning split among the Gulf monarchies with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain making demands on Doha amid the imposition of an economic embargo, prompted the withdrawal from Ras Doumeira.

Djibouti and the self-declared independent Somaliland are supporting the position of Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain against Qatar. Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia which are also supporting the claims against Qatar have as well called for talks to resolve the differences within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

Eritrea, which allows the UAE and Saudi Arabia to utilize its port at Assab for military purposes partly related to the ongoing war in Yemen, has taken a cautious line diplomatically on the confrontation despite being affected by the split in the GCC. Nevertheless, most media accounts indicate that Asmara is siding with Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain in their differences with Doha.

Seaport facilities and airports in Eritrea have been upgraded to accommodate the continuous bombardments of Yemen by Saudi and UAE warplanes aimed at defeating the Ansurallah movement which the GCC says is supported by the Islamic Republic of Iran. Yemen has been subjected to daily airstrikes and ground operations since March 2015 aimed at driving the Ansurallah (Houthis) from large swaths of territory inside the most impoverished nation in the Middle East.

Qatar has been accused by other GCC states of funding international terrorism, maintaining a Turkish military base on its territory and assisting the foreign policy aims of Tehran. Doha has categorically rejected the allegations and refuses to agree to the conditions called for by Riyadh, the UAE and Bahrain.

Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain with the support of Egypt on June 23 presented thirteen demands for Qatar to adhere to within ten days. These issues include the closing of Al Jazeera television network, the downgrading of relations with Iran, halting the funding of 59 targeted individuals and 12 entities labelled as terrorists such as the Muslim Brotherhood, Hezbollah and ISIS, and the removal of the Turkish military base in Doha.

Origins of the Present Territorial Dispute and its International Implications

The disagreements involving Eritrea and Djibouti over Ras Doumeira are directly a by-product of the demarcation of African colonized territories during the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries where the European imperialist states of Italy and France carved up the area. Later in 1935, Rome and Paris decided to apportion significant areas in Djibouti (then French Somaliland) to Eritrea then under Italian control.

After the defeat of Italian imperialism led at the time by Benito Mussolini during World War II, Eritrea became a British Protectorate and was eventually federated to Ethiopia in 1952. Later in 1962, Eritrea was incorporated into Ethiopia over the objection of the people in the former Italian controlled outpost.

Djibouti did not win its independence from France until 1977 which was relatively late in comparison to other previously colonized East African states. Eritrea proclaimed independence in 1991 after the three decades-long armed struggle and the collapse of the Ethiopian government of Mengistu Haile Mariam that same year. Two years later, in 1993, an internationally-supervised election in Eritrea garnered the state recognition by the-then Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the United Nations.

In April 1996, just five years after Eritrea had gained independence, the new government nearly went to war with Djibouti after Asmara was accused of shelling the disputed territory of Ras Doumeira. The crisis deepened by April 16, 2008 when Djibouti reported that Eritrean troops had established military fortifications digging trenches on the border near Ras Doumeira.

The Djibouti government sent a letter to the United Nations requesting intervention saying a revised map published by Asmara claimed Ras Doumeira as Eritrean land. Conversely, Eritrea claimed it had no territorial problems with Djibouti denying that troops had been deployed to the border areas.

Former Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi responding to the escalating tensions on May 15, 2008 asserted that the disagreement was a "threat to the peace and security of the whole Horn of Africa" noting Addis Ababa had no choice other than securing its trading route through Djibouti if war erupted. Ethiopia, a landlocked state, has been dependent upon Djibouti for access to the Red Sea since Eritrea declared independence in 1991.

On June 10 of the same year, the Djibouti government reported that 21 Eritrean troops in the area defected to their side of the border. Eritrea demanded the repatriation of the soldiers opening fire on the Djibouti forces.

Clashes continued for three days claiming the lives of an estimated 140 soldiers on both sides of the conflict. Djibouti called up retired military and police units to engage in the battle.

France, which has a large military base along with the United States at Camp Lemonnier, provided logistical and technical support to Djibouti. The fighting ended after three days. Later in 2010, Qatar agreed to station 450 troops in the Ras Doumeira border area to prevent further fighting. The UN said in 2009, that Eritrea had failed to withdraw its forces from the Ras Doumeira areas under dispute.

The withdrawal of Qatari soldiers has raised the specter of renewed clashes between the two nations. Djibouti’s UN Ambassador Mohammed Idriss Farah claims that Eritrea has moved into the areas previously held by Qatari troops.

Djibouti has filed a formal complaint with the African Union (AU) over the alleged activity of Eritrean troops. Farah stated that: "Eritrean troops occupied the Dumeira Mountain immediately after Qatar's peacekeepers left. Sometimes the Eritrean troops go to the top of the mountain and return on the other side. What makes this one different is that they moved in right after the peacekeepers left."

Eritrean envoy to the AU, Araya Desta, said of the current situation:“We don’t want to take any of Djibouti’s land. The last time we had some skirmishes. It was unnecessary.”

AU Must Take Decisive Action to Avoid Border War

The AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) issued a statement after the complaint filed by Djibouti over differences with Eritrea. The continental organization convenes its bi-annual summit in Ethiopia on July 3-4.

According to the PSC: “The Chairperson of the Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, is following the recent developments between the Republic of Djibouti and the State of Eritrea in the aftermath of Qatar’s decision to withdraw its peacekeeping troops at the Djibouti- Eritrea border. The Chairperson of the Commission appeals for calm, restraint and stresses that the AU is fully seized with the matter. He highlighted that the AU Commission, in close consultations with the authorities in Djibouti and Eritrea, is in the process of deploying a fact-finding mission to the Djibouti-Eritrea border. The Chairperson of the Commission stands ready to assist Djibouti and Eritrea to normalize their relations and promote good neighborliness within the framework of relevant AU instruments.” (http://www.peaceau.org/en/article/press-release-au-commission-calls-for-restraint-on-the-djibouti-eritrea-border)

These developments in the Horn of Africa are a continuation of the conflicts emanating from unresolved European colonial-era border demarcations. Also the current split within the western-allied Gulf Arab governments and the dependence of these African states for economic revenue generated through usage of their territory and waterways, which has compelled AU member-states such as Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Egypt to side with the anti-Qatari forces does not bode well for continental security in the long term.

Moreover, the political and security interests of various states in the Middle East which routinely work in conjunction with U.S. foreign policy interests are inevitability the concern of the AU. Consequently, Africa has to pay close attention to events unfolding within the GCC countries and their allies and seek the resolution of these conflicts in a manner which curtails the potential for a destabilizing impact on continental states. 

          Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba   
Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba
junio 29, 2017

La opositora cubana Rosa María Payá, intervino el jueves en el evento
Border Sessions organizado por Human Rights Foundation (HRF) en La Haya,
junto a panelistas de Eritrea y Turquía. Todos abordaron acerca de la
situación de sus países en materia de información y de derechos humanos.

Los panelistas narraron sus experiencias y aludieron a temas históricos
y contemporáneos de sus países, en el panel que se centró en la
revolución de la información real y sobre cómo la lucha por los derechos
humanos puede avanzar a través de la tecnología.

Payá hizo un recuento de la realidad cubana. Aludió a la existencia de
presos políticos en las cárceles de la isla y a los cubanos que han
arriesgado sus vidas para llegar a Estados Unidos y otros países en
busca de libertad y mejores condiciones de vida.

"Esta información no es la más publicitada", apuntó la joven opositora.

Citó, -por ejemplo-, el caso del opositor Daniel Llorente, quien fue
violentamente detenido el 1 de mayo por correr con la bandera
estadounidense por delante de la tribuna donde estaba el mandatario
cubano Raúl Castro. Por esa razón, Llorente está actualmente detenido en
el Hospital Psiquiátrico de La Habana, conocido como Mazorra.

Una reseña del evento aludió a que "más de la mitad de la población
mundial vive bajo la dictadura o el gobierno de un solo partido".

"Uno de los primeros pasos que toman los autoritarios para consolidar el
poder es controlar el flujo de medios e información", explicó el texto
que introdujo el panel al que asistió Payá.

La activista cubana explicó a los asistentes que para acceder a internet
en Cuba es preciso hacerlo desde parques públicos y a precios altos a
los que no todos pueden acceder por los bajos salarios, al tiempo que,
-dijo-, sus identidades son controladas.

"Por eso la diseminación de información en la isla es básicamente fuera
de la red (…) los cubanos buscan soluciones como El Paquete", dijo
aludiendo al popular distribuidor informal de programas como novelas,
deportes y noticias generadas fuera del país.

Además de Payá, narraron sus experiencias los panelistas de Meron
Estafanos, de Eritrea, y Alp Toker, de Turquía.

(Escrito por Rosa T. Valdés, con reporte de Facebook y Twitter)

Source: Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en
Cuba -
https://www.martinoticias.com/a/cuba-rosa-maria-paya-human-rights-foundation-panel-/147864.html
          Lange Freiheitsstrafe für Gesichtsverstümmelung   
Brutal zerschnitt er einem Nachbarn nach einem verlorenen Spiel das Gesicht: Das Hanauer Landgericht hat einen Mann aus Eritrea zu neuneinhalb Jahren Haft verurteilt. Das Motiv für die Tat ist ungeklärt.
          Zionism’s Quest for a Purely Jewish State is why Zionism is Inherently Racist   

According to Netanyahu Non-Jewish Refugees threaten the 'National Identity' of Israel i.e. they aren't Jews


Most Jews are in Britain and the United States today because, from 1882 to the first

world war, Jews fled from the Czarist pogroms and sought refuge from anti-semitism.  Because there were no immigration controls until 1905 and even later in the United States, some 2.5 million Jews emigrated.  Less than 2% went to the alleged historical homeland of Jews, Palestine.

It is one of the quaint aspects of Zionism's achievements that Jews too can now be pogromists.  As David Sheen reported on May 29 2013: 
'Last Thursday, May 23, 2013, marked exactly one year to the day when a thousand Jewish Israelis ran rampant through the streets of Tel Aviv, smashing and looting African-operated businesses and physically assaulting any dark-skinned person they came across. Sadly, the Israeli economic, political and religious establishment – who were in large measure responsible for the pogrom – did not respond by working to quash the racism, but rather ramped up their efforts to expel all non-Jewish African people from the country.' 
Miri Regev, who is now Israel's 'Culture Minister' told the crowd that:  "the Sudanese are a cancer in our body". 
In 1905 the Aliens Act was introduced under Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour.  Balfour was quite explicit.  He didn't much like the East European Jews.  He was however a good Zionist because he believed that they should go to Palestine.  Thus it ever was that anti-Semites and Zionists got on like a house on fire.  As you will no doubt know, in 1917 Balfour, now Foreign Secretary, penned a famous letter to Walter Rothschild promising the land of a 3rd party to the Zionists.

What Netanyahu says aloud, Isaac Herzog of the Israeli Labour Party mutters in coded language.  Netanyahu’s reasons as to why the 60,000 African refugees – from Sudan, Eritrea and other hotspots – had to be deported, demonstrate why Zionism is and always will remain a racist movement.
Netanyahu explainedwhy the refugees had to be deported thus:

"If we don't stop their entry, the problem that currently stands at 60,000 could grow to 600,000, and that threatens our existence as a Jewish and democratic state," Binyamin Netanyahu said at Sunday's cabinet meeting. "This phenomenon is very grave and threatens the social fabric of society, our national security and our national identity."

The reason wasn’t that they weren’t genuine refugees, the problem was that they weren't Jewish. David Sheen has drawn up the top 9 Israeli racist politicians who have demonised asylum seekers.  Herzog is at number 5 on the list.  (see below)

Thus Israel refuses to admit any non-Jewish refugee.  Not because their home country is safe or they are not genuine, the excuses of Western opponents of asylum seekers, but because they ‘threaten our national security and our national identity’.  And what is this national identity?  Why being Jewish of course.  Therefore one cannot accept Arabs or non-Jews within the confines of the holy tent.  Racist?  How could it be otherwise?

Tony Greenstein
Another one of the ways that Israeli society becomes increasingly racist is when centrist parties like Labor adopt right-wing rhetoric in order to chase after right-wing votes.

In recent years, Labor has not played the foil to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, but instead acceded to almost all of his hawkish proposals. Instead of standing firm against Israel’s lurch to the right, Labor has attempted to ply votes away from Likud with right-wing proposals.

That tendency has increased ever since Isaac Herzogwas elected to lead the party in November 2013. It has been especially evident in Herzog’s solid support for Netanyahu’s military campaigns in Gaza and the West Bank, but also in his support for expelling Africans from Israel.

It was not always so. When the Knesset first voted to amend the country’s “anti-infiltration” law in January 2012 to sanction the roundup, detention and expulsion of African refugees, Herzog opposed the measure.

When the Knesset voted to amend the law a second time in December 2013, Herzog didn’t show up for the vote. And by the time the Knesset voted to toughen it a third time in December 2014, he voted in favor of the amendment, along with several other Labor lawmakers.

In May 2012, Herzog wrote an opinion piece, challengingarguments by human rights groups that Eritreans in Israel deserved protection as refugees.

In March 2015, Herzog repeatedthis refrainin an attempt to peel anti-African votes away from Netanyahu on the eve of the Israeli national elections, saying, “We need to negotiate with Eritrea on the return of the Eritreans back to Eritrea.”

This year, Labor led a successful effort to abolish the Knesset’s committee on foreign workers, one of the few forums in which the concerns of refugees could receive a hearing in parliament.
In September 2015, Labor publicly complained that Netanyahu’s government has not done nearly enough to expel Africans from the country. In a public statement, Herzog’s Labor Party wholeheartedly adopted the far-right’s propaganda points, insistingwithout any basis that most refugees in Israel have no valid claim to refugee status.

“The crisis of the refugees from Syria is not similar to the issue of the infiltrators from Africa who are mostly migrant workers,” the statement read. “If only Bibi’s government had created immigration laws, it would be possible to send back to their country those who are in Israel for their welfare and for work. But the Likud government is only good at talking, and it is responsible for the troubles of the residents of south Tel Aviv.”

They were promised asylum somewhere closer to home. Then they were discarded — often in a war zone.
Andrew Green
Foreign Policy
June 27, 2017

KIGALI, Rwanda — The man picked Afie Semene and the 11 other Eritreans on the flight from Tel Aviv out of the stream of disembarking passengers as if he already had their faces memorized. He welcomed them to the Rwandan capital, Kigali, and introduced himself as John. He was a Rwandan immigration officer, he explained, there to help smooth their arrival. He collected the travel documents each of them had been issued in Israel and led them past the immigration counter where the rest of the passengers from their flight queued. Nobody stopped them. Nothing was stamped.
They paused briefly at the luggage carousel to scoop up their bags. In the nearly seven years Semene had lived in Israel, he filled an apartment with furniture and kitchen supplies. But when officials there summoned him to a detention facility for asylum-seekers, he had distributed much of what he owned among his friends, unsure if he would ever return. Now his suitcase contained little besides clothes.
The group exited the airport into the humid Rwandan night and crowded into a waiting pickup. The luggage followed in a second truck. The small convoy wound its way through lush, hilly Kigali, past the fenced campus of the regional polytechnic, and into a quiet neighborhood several miles south of the airport. They came to a stop in front of a house the color of a pistachio nut, its second story ringed with white-trimmed porches. Dawn was already breaking as the new arrivals were shown to bedrooms inside. As he fell asleep, Semene still remembers the feeling of relief wash over him. John would return the next day to help them begin their asylum applications, he thought. Maybe he would arrive with the papers granting them refugee status already in hand.

There would be no visas. No work permits. No asylum. None of the things Israeli authorities had promised the 12 Eritreans when they had agreed to relocate to Rwanda a few weeks prior.

Instead, the next day brought new despair: There would be no visas. No work permits. No asylum. None of the things Israeli authorities had promised the 12 Eritreans when they had agreed to relocate to Rwanda a few weeks prior. Instead, John offered to smuggle them into neighboring Uganda, which he told them was a “free nation.” “If you live here, you can’t leave,” Semene recalled John saying of Rwanda. “It’s a tight country. Let me advise you, as your brother, you need to go to Uganda.”

They would need to sneak across the border, since they had no proof of legal entry into Rwanda. (The Israeli laissez-passers had gone unstamped at the Kigali airport the night before, an oversight that now felt suspicious.) But John told them not to worry; he could easily get them into Uganda for a fee of $250. “I have everything,” he said. “Contacts with the government over there. Contacts with the Israeli government. If something happens, I call the Israeli government and they do something for you.”

The alternative, John said, was to remain in the Kigali house, where they would be under constant surveillance. They would have to pay rent, but without documentation, they would not be allowed to work. Semene and the others understood that John was not really giving them a choice. Everyone agreed to the plan.

A few hours later, a van pulled up outside the house and the Eritreans piled in. Several miles from the border with Uganda, the vehicle came to a stop and John urged them out onto the side of the road. It was the last they would see of him.

Semene had made an even more treacherous crossing once before, paying smugglers to ferry him across the Sinai Desert from Egypt into Israel. Under fire from Egyptian border guards, he sprinted the final yards to safety. He had hoped it would be the last time he would ever have to cross a border illegally. But seven years later, feeling betrayed by an Israeli government he had once turned to for safety, he slipped quietly and unofficially into Uganda.
AdHundreds of African asylum-seekers stage a protest along the sea front in Tel Aviv on Jan. 15, 2014. (Photo credit: JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)d caption
For decades after its founding in 1948, Israel welcomed refugees from outside the Jewish faith. The country was an early signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention. In his first official act as prime minister in 1977, Menachem Begin granted refuge to 66 Vietnamese who had been rescued at sea by an Israeli ship. During a visit to the United States later that year, he recalled the St. Louis — a ship loaded with more than 900 European Jews who attempted to flee Germany in 1939 — to explain his decision. The St. Louis’s passengers were denied permission to disembark in Cuba, the United States, and Canada and ultimately returned to Europe. A quarter of the passengers are thought to have died in the Holocaust.

“They were nine months at sea, traveling from harbor to harbor, from country to country, crying out for refuge. They were refused,” Begin said. “We have never forgotten the lot of our people … And therefore it was natural that my first act as prime minister was to give those people a haven in the land of Israel.”

In 2007, then-Prime Minister Ehud Olmert echoed Begin’s act when he granted temporary residency permits to nearly 500 Sudanese asylum-seekers. But as the number of African migrants swelled in subsequent years, Israel’s receptiveness began to flag. The vast majority of the new arrivals were fleeing long-standing authoritarian regimes in Eritrea and Sudan. They chose Israel for many reasons: because it was a democracy, because it was easier to reach than Europe or — for many Sudanese — because it was an adversary of their own government. They hoped that the enemy of their enemy would look kindly on them.

But Israeli authorities soon became overwhelmed. According to the Ministry of Interior, nearly 65,000 foreign nationals — the vast majority from Africa — reached Israel between 2006 and 2013. As the government struggled to accommodate the newcomers, many languished in poor and overcrowded neighborhoods in southern Tel Aviv. Dozens squatted in a park across the street from the city’s main bus station for weeks on end. A handful of high-profile incidents — including the alleged rape of an 83-year-old woman by an Eritrean asylum-seeker in 2012 — dominated media coverage and fueled unease among Israelis, many of whom already fretted that refugees were taking their jobs.

African asylum-seekers sleep in Tel Aviv's Levinski Park during a protest against Israel's immigration policies on Feb. 5, 2014. (Photo credit: JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
By the time Benjamin Netanyahu secured a third term as prime minister in 2013, the tensions had hardened into outright hostility. That year, Israel sealed off its border with Egypt and implemented a raft of policies aimed at making life more difficult for asylum-seekers already in Israel. Then it began secretly pressuring Eritreans and Sudanese to leave for unnamed third countries, a shadowy relocation effort in which Semene and thousands like him are now ensnared.

Israeli officials have kept nearly everything else about this effort secret, even deflecting requests for more information from UNHCR, the U.N. refugee agency. But a year-long investigation by Foreign Policy that included interviews with multiple Eritrean and Sudanese asylum-seekers as well as people involved at various stages of the relocation process — including one person who admitted to helping coordinate illegal border crossings — reveals an opaque system of shuffling asylum-seekers from Israel, via Rwanda or Uganda, into third countries, where they are no longer anyone’s responsibility.
It begins with furtive promises by Israeli authorities of asylum and work opportunities in Rwanda and Uganda. Once the Sudanese and Eritrean asylum-seekers reach Kigali or Entebbe, where Uganda’s international airport is located, they describe a remarkably similar ordeal: They meet someone who presents himself as a government agent at the airport, bypass immigration, move to a house or hotel that quickly feels like a prison, and are eventually pressured to leave the country. For the Eritreans, it is from Rwanda to Uganda. For Sudanese, it is from Uganda to South Sudan or Sudan. The process appears designed not just to discard unwanted refugees, but to shield the Israeli, Rwandan, and Ugandan governments from any political or legal accountability.

While a handful of the Eritreans and Sudanese have managed to maneuver or mislead their way into asylum in Rwanda or Uganda, and dozens more live in a stateless limbo in the Ugandan capital of Kampala, most have given in to the pressure to leave those countries, making dangerous illegal border crossings that leave them vulnerable to blackmail and physical abuse at the hands of smugglers and security forces. Some have continued north to Sudan or Libya in an effort to reach Europe. A few have been captured and killed by Islamic State fighters or drowned on the treacherous Mediterranean crossing.

Officials across several relevant ministries in Israel, Rwanda, and Uganda all issued denials or refused repeated requests for comment. But the nearly identical experiences of asylum-seekers arriving in Rwanda and Uganda, as well as their ability to bypass standard immigration channels and occasionally procure official documents from their handlers, suggests a level of government knowledge, if not direct involvement, in all three capitals.

Semene fled Eritrea in 2007, after four years in the country’s military. Service there is compulsory and it can stretch on indefinitely. Instead of training, conscripts are often forced to work on their commanders’ private farms or for state-owned businesses. The conditions are so restrictive and the compensation so negligible that in 2016 a U.N. Human Rights Council report on the country determined that “Eritrean officials have committed the crime of enslavement … in a persistent, widespread and systematic manner.” During his four years of service, Semene, a small, slight man with an easy smile, was allowed to visit his family only once.

Semene is a pseudonym. Life under military dictatorship instilled in him a deep sense of caution, and he is hesitant to share too many details about his past in case security forces target his family members who still live in Eritrea. Risking imprisonment and possible execution there, he ran — first to a refugee camp in Sudan, where he faced constant shortages of food and water, and then to Egypt. Finding the environment for refugees there only marginally better, he paid smugglers $2,800 to take him across Sinai into Israel. He knew little about the country, except that it was a democracy. “Simply, I try my luck,” he said.

And finally, luck seemed to be on his side. In 2008, Israeli authorities issued him a visa that was renewable every six months. He found a job stocking groceries at a Tel Aviv shop, and applied for official refugee status. “I adopt the place,” he told me, including learning Hebrew. “I adopt their food. I know the language. I see Israel as my country.”

Thousands more asylum-seekers like Semene continued to arrive — mostly from Eritrea, but also from Sudan, including hundreds fleeing a government-perpetrated genocide in the country’s Darfur region. By 2012, a leading Israeli politician was denouncing the asylum-seekers as “a cancer in our body” and residents of south Tel Aviv were organizing protests against them. That same year, the minister of interior suggested making “their lives miserable” in order to dissuade even more from coming.

One way the Israeli government did just that was by erecting a sprawling detention center for asylum-seekers in the middle of the Negev Desert. Operated by the Israel Prison Service (IPS), Holot — which means “sand” in Hebrew — now holds more than 3,000 male asylum-seekers, who had previously been allowed to live and (unofficially) work while they awaited a decision on their refugee applications. Most detainees said they learned they had been randomly chosen to relocate to Holot only when they attempted to renew their visas. They were given days to report to the facility, where they can legally be held for up to a year. Some politicians are pushing to make the sentence indefinite.
Asylum-seekers take part in a day of protest at the Holot detention center in the southern Negev desert on Feb. 17, 2014. (Photo credit: ILIA YEFIMOVICH /Getty Images)
Semene was summoned to Holot in early 2014. “It’s really a prison,” is how he described what appears on the outside to be a beleaguered tent city. I made two visits to the facility, though I was not allowed to enter. Instead, I sat with detainees outside the chain-link fence topped with razor wire, as they described conditions inside. They live 10 to a room and though they can come and go from the facility, they are required to check in with authorities once per day. Failure to do so earns a short stint in a nearby maximum-security prison. Residents are not allowed to work or even to bring food brought by friends or family members into Holot. With the nearest town hours away, they spend most of their time sitting at the makeshift restaurants they have constructed near the entrance to the camp. IPS authorities regularly tear them down, but the detainees keep rebuilding them.

To Semene, the restrictions of Holot, combined with the monotony of life there, seemed designed to break the occupants — men who had previously survived murderous raids, the deprivations of refugee camps, and, in some cases, torture. There is limited assistance for people managing chronic health conditions or in obvious need of mental healthcare. Instead, they are left to wander the desert, overseen only by their fellow inmates. (IPS did not respond to multiple requests for comment.) Semene remembers becoming so distressed by the treatment one day that he began pleading with a guard: “We are human. Treat us as a human,” he said.

Then, after he had been locked away for seven months, the authorities seemed to offer him a lifeline: Leaflets from the Israeli Population and Immigration Authority started to appear within the facility, saying that Israel had secured an arrangement with other countries willing to accept asylum-seekers. Anyone who agreed to a transfer would receive travel documents, a free one-way plane ticket to a yet-unnamed country, and $3,500. “On the first day of arrival in the country, you will be placed in a hotel. Everything that you need — work and living permit — will be given to you,” the flyer read, according to a translation provided by the UNHCR office in Tel Aviv.

Soon, the guards at Holot began whispering to the asylum-seekers that the third countries were Rwanda for Eritreans and Uganda for the Sudanese. There was no explanation for the division. The Israeli government has never officially confirmed the two countries involved, explaining in various legal settings that the agreements prevent them from doing so. “We do not comment in the media on those issues or on our relations with third countries,” a spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in an email.

Semene was among those who jumped at the opportunity. “You close your eyes and choose,” was how he explained it to me. In the weeks leading up to his departure in late 2014, he was summoned to meet with an Israeli immigration officer, who presented him with an Israeli travel document filled out with his name, date of birth, and — though he had no passport — a passport number. The laissez-passer was valid for two weeks, from Dec. 14 to Dec. 28, 2014. The official also showed him a letter, allegedly from the Rwandan government, guaranteeing that he would be granted a one-month tourist visa when he arrived in the country. The official handed over the promised $3,500 in U.S. dollars.
Semene wondered why he was getting a one-month tourist visa when he had been told he would be receiving asylum. He also wondered why the laissez-passer was valid for only two weeks. He said he quizzed the official about both apparent discrepancies, but was assured any issues would be sorted out when he arrived in Kigali. Not quite convinced, he took photos of the documents with his cell phone, which he later showed me. A few days later, he received a call telling him to get ready. He would be leaving on Dec. 22. Despite his growing skepticism of everything the Israeli authorities were telling him, he decided to approach the trip with guarded optimism. It had been more than seven years since he fled a life of endless military service in Eritrea and more than half a year since he’d been incarcerated in Israel. He wanted desperately to believe that Rwanda would be the place where he would finally be free.

A group of Eritrean asylum-seekers inside Israel's Holot detention facility on Feb. 17, 2014. (Photo credit: ILIA YEFIMOVICH /Getty Images) 
The pistachio-colored house where Semene and dozens of other Eritreans were held in Kigali sits at the end of a deeply gashed dirt road. About 50 yards away, down a steep embankment, there is a small kiosk painted Coca-Cola red, where men from the neighborhood often gather to drink sodas and chat. One day last spring, I stopped by to see if they had ever noticed any unusual activity at the house atop the hill. Through a translator, they explained that groups of “foreigners” regularly stayed there. Sometimes they could be spotted pacing on the white-trimmed balconies. None ever seemed to venture outside the house’s heavy black gate and they were always gone after a few days.

Later, I trudged up the hill and knocked on that gate. It swung open to reveal two young Rwandan men lazily sweeping the driveway. I asked if I could speak to the owner. They indicated that he wasn’t home, but passed along a phone number. When I dialed it, a man who identified himself only as Robert acknowledged that the house was indeed his. Yes, he intermittently hosted visitors from Eritrea. In fact, a group had just left a few days earlier.

He explained that he had begun renting out the house to unknown groups of foreigners more than a year earlier after a friend of his — a driver who works at the airport — called to see if he could host some people who would be spending a few days in the country. Robert agreed, he said, because the house was vacant at the time. Since then he has accommodated a handful of groups, he told me. The process is always the same: The driver friend calls him a few days before a new party is set to arrive and Robert sends workers to prepare the house for them. The foreigners stay for a few days — never more than three — and then leave. He didn’t know to where. He had never met any of them.
When I started to press Robert for more details — How much was he paid? Did the driver work for the government? — he grew cagey and insisted we meet in person. We set a time for the following day. When I called back to confirm the location, he hung up on me and declined each of my subsequent calls.

It is unclear whether the driver friend is John, the man who picked Semene and the other Eritreans up from the airport, or someone working for him. It is also unclear whether John is actually an immigration official or just posing as one. But in a country as notoriously repressive as Rwanda it is almost inconceivable that anyone regularly bypassing immigration isn’t operating with the blessing of senior government officials. (My calls from different lines to a number allegedly belonging to John have gone unanswered for months.)

What happens to those asylum-seekers who refuse John’s offer to be smuggled into Uganda is yet another mystery. Kabtom Bereket, an Eritrean who arrived separately from Semene in July 2014, told me that several members of his six-person group asked to visit the UNHCR offices in Kigali immediately after they arrived at the house from the airport. John refused their request, Bereket said, telling them, “We are immigration. There is the security on the gate. You stay here.” No one in the group was allowed out of the house, according to Bereket, which is also a pseudonym, until they all left to cross illegally into Uganda.

Of the at least 1,400 other asylum-seekers who have arrived in Kigali from Tel Aviv over the last three years — the figure Israeli officials provided in court — Semene is certain that the vast majority have been smuggled out of the country.

Some Eritreans have managed to escape the house. According to documents from the UNHCR office in Tel Aviv, Rwandan authorities have arrested at least four of the asylum-seekers who attempted to stay in Kigali on charges of lacking documentation. Others, though UNHCR won’t say how many, have approached UNHCR staff in Kigali for support, claiming to have relocated from Israel. Of the at least 1,400 other asylum-seekers who have arrived in Kigali from Tel Aviv over the last three years — the figure Israeli officials provided in court — Semene is certain that the vast majority have been smuggled out of the country.

Across the border in Uganda, UNHCR officials haven’t heard of even a single successful asylum applicant among the Sudanese arriving directly from Tel Aviv or the Eritreans arriving from Rwanda, though they are aware of multiple rejections from among this pool. This is strange because Uganda has one of the most progressive refugee policies in the region. Nearly 3,300 Sudanese are currently registered as refugees in Uganda, according to the UNCHR office in Kampala. The problem seems to be exclusive to those being resettled from Israel. Sudanese I spoke to in Kampala said they have now learned not to mention Israel anywhere in their asylum applications.

Officials in the office of Uganda’s prime minister, which oversees the country’s immigration procedures, offered no explanation for the rejected asylum claims of migrants arriving via Israel. Rwandan officials do admit having discussed a deal with Israel to accept asylum-seekers, but say that no agreement was ever reached. It may be that the Ugandan and Rwandan governments do not want to answer questions about what they are receiving in exchange for accepting refugees. (Speculation among Israeli activists centers on weapons and cash.)

Unable to get asylum in Uganda, many Eritreans and Sudanese live in constant fear of the authorities. Within hours of his illegal scramble across the Rwandan border, in fact, Semene nearly landed behind bars. He and the other Eritreans in his group emerged from the borderlands thicket to find a van waiting on the Ugandan side that carried them the remaining 10 hours to Kampala. They arrived at a cheap hotel in the crowded, dusty area of downtown known as Old Kampala at 4 a.m. Five hours later, Ugandan security officials raided the hotel and arrested several of the asylum-seekers. By that point, however, Semene had already split off from the group and melted into the neighborhood, his doubts having turned into outright distrust over the course of the journey.

More than a year later, he spends most of his evenings in a local bar watching football matches or playing pool. It is a short walk from the apartment he shares with a rotating group of Eritrean refugees. Sometimes up to a dozen people cram into the one-room space. His world is now just a few blocks of Old Kampala, but he figures limiting his movement is the best way to avoid running into police officers or other security officials who might ask for his papers and then arrest him or demand a bribe when he is unable to produce them.

He is depressed, and also eaten up with resentment toward the Israeli government. This was not the life they promised him. “I am not safe here,” he said. “I am not safe anywhere.”
Ugandan police officers cordon off a crime scene in Kampala on March 17, 2017. (Photo credit: ISAAC KASAMANI/AFP/Getty Images)
The linchpins of this system of human smuggling — and key to establishing whether the Israeli, Ugandan, and Rwandan governments are officially involved in it — are the men who pressure new arrivals from Tel Aviv to forget the promise of asylum and to cross illegally into third countries. Hassan Ali is one such man. He agreed to meet me on the condition that I not reveal his real identity. A squat 32-year-old Darfuri refugee, he steered me off a crowded Kampala street into a fried chicken restaurant with low ceilings and a greasy, tiled floor. He chose a side table and spoke in a quiet, quivering voice lost easily in the lunchtime bustle. He was among the very first asylum-seekers in Israel to accept the proposed transfer to Uganda, he said. He had been in Israel since 2008 and sensed the mood toward asylum-seekers was growing increasingly hostile. He happened to have friends and family in Uganda, so when the offer came to relocate to Kampala in early 2014, he eagerly accepted.
But within weeks of his arrival, just as he was beginning to feel settled in his new life in the city, he started getting phone calls from a man he would identify only as Ismail. Ismail was also Sudanese and he needed Ali’s help. Would he be willing to meet with groups of new arrivals — mostly people Ali knew from his own time in Israel — and talk to them about resettling elsewhere? Ali is not sure how Ismail got his number or why he wanted Ali to be involved, but — for reasons he chose to keep vague — he decided he was willing to try. The requests from Ismail are relatively sporadic, but they have become more frequent. Ali estimates that he has now met with at least a dozen groups of asylum-seekers.

He usually joins them on their second day at an upscale hotel called Forest Cottages, where the Sudanese flown from Tel Aviv are brought from the airport. Unlike their Eritrean counterparts in Rwanda, they are offered a brief respite before the pressure to relocate begins. But when the time comes, Ali is the one who applies that pressure.

He starts by talking about how much the men must be missing their families after years — and in some cases decades — away from Sudan. Except now, in Uganda, they are so much closer to home than they were in Israel. Using Ismail’s connections, Ali says he can get them the rest of the way. For $200, he will arrange the paperwork and logistics to transport them safely to South Sudan, the buffer between Uganda and Sudan. For $100 more, he can get them to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.
The reasons other refugees chose to return to Sudan, despite the risk of arrest and torture, are much more straightforward: They believe their options are exhausted. They miss their homes. They want to see their families.

Both countries harbor significant dangers. Sudan remains a police state, and killing continues in Darfur, though at a lower level than before. South Sudan is mired in a bloody civil war that has killed tens of thousands if not hundreds of thousands of people and forced 1.7 million to flee the country. But the new arrivals in Kampala are discombobulated and often poorly informed. Ali fuels their confusion by telling them that Ugandan officials will hound them, blackmail them, and potentially deport them. South Sudan, because of the chaos there, actually seems to some refugees like a much easier place to disappear or to begin another journey toward a country that might actually grant them asylum. The reasons other refugees chose to return to Sudan, despite the risk of arrest and torture, are much more straightforward: They believe their options are exhausted. They miss their homes. They want to see their families.

Ali has learned to manipulate these fears and emotions. “I say, ‘Welcome to Africa. If you tell me you’re going to pass to Sudan, you come here, you will pass.’ They’re very happy,” he said. Dozens of people have taken Ali up on his offer, he says, at which point Ismail collects their information and money and hands it over to a man named George, the Ugandan minder who picked the new arrivals up at the airport — essentially the Ugandan version of John. Within hours of securing their agreement, George returns with individualized Ugandan travel documents stamped with South Sudanese entry visas.

I asked Ali about the level of government involvement in this scheme. After some prevarication, he conceded that Ugandan officials are not only aware of what is happening, but actively involved in pushing asylum-seekers from Israel into South Sudan. “This is the secret they don’t want to tell,” he said. But aside from the Ugandan travel documents he claims to have seen handed over to the asylum-seekers, he had little evidence to support his claims. That is, except for one additional piece of paper: a permit granting him temporary residence in Uganda.

At the beginning of our conversation, he had showed me a photo of the one-year legal residency permit George had secured for him from Uganda’s Ministry of Internal Affairs. None of the other Sudanese asylum-seekers I met had received anything similar from George, although several said they had asked for one. Ali only received the document, he acknowledged, in exchange for helping Ismail.

Before we parted ways, Ali offered to take me with him when the next group of Sudanese transfers arrived at Forest Cottages. But less than 10 minutes after we left the restaurant, he called to tell me the deal was off. Apparently, he had phoned Ismail immediately after our meeting and had been lamba
          Oggi esce l’ep “Hey Buddy” della cantante italo eritrea Senhit   
Da oggi, venerdì 30 giugno, è disponibile sulle principali piattaforme streaming e in digital download l’ep “Hey Buddy” della cantante italo eritrea SENHIT che raccoglie i brani electro pop de “La più internazionale delle artiste italiane” tutti da ballare! Prodotti da Brian Higgins (che ha lavorato con Kylie Minogue, Pet Shop Boys, Kaiser Chiefs e …
          Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba   
Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba
junio 29, 2017

La opositora cubana Rosa María Payá, intervino el jueves en el evento
Border Sessions organizado por Human Rights Foundation (HRF) en La Haya,
junto a panelistas de Eritrea y Turquía. Todos abordaron acerca de la
situación de sus países en materia de información y de derechos humanos.

Los panelistas narraron sus experiencias y aludieron a temas históricos
y contemporáneos de sus países, en el panel que se centró en la
revolución de la información real y sobre cómo la lucha por los derechos
humanos puede avanzar a través de la tecnología.

Payá hizo un recuento de la realidad cubana. Aludió a la existencia de
presos políticos en las cárceles de la isla y a los cubanos que han
arriesgado sus vidas para llegar a Estados Unidos y otros países en
busca de libertad y mejores condiciones de vida.

"Esta información no es la más publicitada", apuntó la joven opositora.

Citó, -por ejemplo-, el caso del opositor Daniel Llorente, quien fue
violentamente detenido el 1 de mayo por correr con la bandera
estadounidense por delante de la tribuna donde estaba el mandatario
cubano Raúl Castro. Por esa razón, Llorente está actualmente detenido en
el Hospital Psiquiátrico de La Habana, conocido como Mazorra.

Una reseña del evento aludió a que "más de la mitad de la población
mundial vive bajo la dictadura o el gobierno de un solo partido".

"Uno de los primeros pasos que toman los autoritarios para consolidar el
poder es controlar el flujo de medios e información", explicó el texto
que introdujo el panel al que asistió Payá.

La activista cubana explicó a los asistentes que para acceder a internet
en Cuba es preciso hacerlo desde parques públicos y a precios altos a
los que no todos pueden acceder por los bajos salarios, al tiempo que,
-dijo-, sus identidades son controladas.

"Por eso la diseminación de información en la isla es básicamente fuera
de la red (…) los cubanos buscan soluciones como El Paquete", dijo
aludiendo al popular distribuidor informal de programas como novelas,
deportes y noticias generadas fuera del país.

Además de Payá, narraron sus experiencias los panelistas de Meron
Estafanos, de Eritrea, y Alp Toker, de Turquía.

(Escrito por Rosa T. Valdés, con reporte de Facebook y Twitter)

Source: Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en
Cuba -
https://www.martinoticias.com/a/cuba-rosa-maria-paya-human-rights-foundation-panel-/147864.html
          The Summer Shakedown, 1 Jul 2017   

1 Jul 2017 - Folk at Moor Green Allotments

The-summer-shakedown-1498065713

Now in it’s fourth year, the 2017 Summer Shakedown is set to be the biggest and best yet.

It’s the family – friendly fundraiser of the year. With live music throughout the day, stalls, great good, raffles, prize draws, kids activities, face painting and more all set in the idyllic location of Moor Green Allotments in Moseley.

Bands and artists confirmed so far:

Amber Falconer

Gronk

Hannah Brown

Katie Rose Bennett

Laura and Dave

Sam Harrison

Eritrean Youth Group

Hassan Salih

Simon Boswell

Evening Headliners: The Dudes

followed by

DJ’s Joey and Sam

DJ Roy Roastbeef

All proceeds to the Matt Kendall Foundation to support disadvantaged young people in Birmingham overcome financial barriers to employment and training.

A great day out for a great cause!!

Get your tickets


          Beyond the Conventional Wisdom of Development   


Beyond the Conventional Wisdom of Development

Simon Weldemichael
Adi Keih College of Arts and Social Sciences

Developing countries across the world are struggling to create a supporting environment for development. Policies and strategies were designed, steps to implement were initiated, promises were made and hopes were raised. The people of developing countries were on ground prostrated while the global wheel of wealth was licked by the few “special people”. Good intentions failed to materialize for two reasons: government inability to govern and international structures. For many reasons, industrialized nations didn’t allow developing nations to do what they did during their catch-up period. Here are some substantive facts that the developed countries employed to get rich but did not allow to be emulated by developing countries.

Western civilization was the result of prolonged and pervasive military competition. The military spearheaded all of the technological and scientific innovations in the catch-up period of development of the now industrialized countries. In the past, the existence of a formidable and robust military laid conducive ground for industrialization and militarization. But as time heals wounds so time does thwart historical facts. When the new world order was inaugurated, military was conceived as destructive to national wealth. Countries were instructed and some times prescribed to demilitarize and countries with a strong military were viewed as “rogue states”. Rogue state was a term used to describe states that do not regard themselves as bound by international norms (Chomsky 2000: 1). According to this definition, most if not all powerful states fall into this category. Therefore developing countries, especially in the turbulent regions such as Horn of Africa and elsewhere, cannot modernize without having a strong military providing security, protecting national interest and gaining confidence to formulate and experiment proactive policy.

Military force dictates other means of power. The state with superior military force will prevail and develop. If the security of a state falls in jeopardy there is no room to think about development. Therefore, force is ultimately necessary to guarantee survival and to create a favorable environment for development. In Africa, particularly in the Horn of Africa, military power is central in the national power of a state.

For the last 200 years every superpower has tried to create a world in its image, forcing the world community to repeat what has been said by the ‘special’ and above all worked hard to kill the ability to think and destroy originality. Currently, there is great pressure on developing countries from the developed countries, to adopt a set of “good policies” which are incompatible with their local conditions. Developing countries were ill advised to open up their doors and to liberalize their market. Free trade and development were presented as two sides of the same coin. President Donald Trump has said unusual statement in his inaugural speech:
“Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs, will be made to benefit American workers and American families. We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies, and destroying our jobs. Protection will lead to great prosperity and strength.”

Despite the fact that developed countries reached the top by formulating policies mirroring their particular conditions and levels of development, they now downplayed the importance of domestic policies and resources in fostering development. Instead of helping developing countries reach their development aspirations, they fool them by suggesting and forcing irrelevant policies, threatening, setting unfavorable trade terms, promoting aid that cultivates dependency and debt. Ha - Joon Chang described the inconsistency between historical facts and today’s conventional wisdom by the phrase “kicking away the ladder”. In his article and book “Kicking Away the Ladder: Infant Industry Promotion in Historic Perspective” he cites Friedrich List,

“It is a very common clever device that when anyone has attained the summit of greatness, he kicks away the ladder by which he has climbed up, in order to deprive others of the means of climbing up after him” (Chang 2003: 24).

The historical portrait is clear. There is no medicine that cures all diseases and there is no size that fits all. The medical knowledge of a doctor alone cannot cure a patient, unless he pays credit to the patient’s information and hears all they have to say. The industrialized world’s prescription, instead of bringing solutions, has actually worsened the existing condition. Instead of allowing developing countries to make informed choices and to adopt the policies that are more suitable to their stages of development, they were pressured to receive instructions from above. The obvious solution to this paradox is developing countries must develop independent political line and pursue policies that are good for them.

Another concept that corrupts with the passage of time is human rights. The present developed countries in their way to reach the stage where they are now, have committed untold human rights violation. Slavery, child labour, non-stop working hours, forced labour, colonization and more were institutionalized until recently in all of the industrialized nations. Women were not considered as full citizens in Europe and America until only very recently. This is not to say history has to repeat itself (and of course no one wishes to adopt all the abusive and immoral actions), but to pinpoint the historical facts that all of the democratic and industrialized nations used the opposite strategy to become rich and to develop democracy. We have to understand that all of the countries that now act as if they were born rich and democratic were, at times, poor and aggressive. History confirms that no democracy arrived before industrialization or modernization of a state. The theater of electoral democracy played by all third world governments was like what Francis Fukuyama described as ‘isomorphic mimicry’ - copying the outward forms of developed countries (Digest 85, 2016: 27).

The inherent aggressive behavior of developed countries was manifested during the two great world wars and wars of aggression after the cold war. Illegal military actions were disguised under the cloak of humanitarian intervention, a war on terror, self-defense, and anticipatory self-defense. Anticipatory self-defense for instance, refers to the right of USA to attack a country that it thinks could attack it first. Among the amazing incidents of the 21st century falling into this category are USA military aggression in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya.

The USA, as a global leader, appeared as a prophet of transparency and democracy before the international community. It is true that knowledge is power, and transparency is the remedy to the darkness under which abuse thrives. Democracy depends on a knowledgeable citizenry whose access to a broad range of information enables them to participate fully in public life (Neuman 2002: 5). America is however, a nation engaged in hunting Edward Snowden and Julian Assange in day light for acts of informing the general public. So where has been the access that is necessary for the realization of the basic rights to freedom of opinion and expression that are guaranteed? The world is lectured frequently by the USA about how to behave. Brian Cloughley in his article titled “Wars, Killings and Lectures by the Greatest Nation Ever Created” came up with a fact that the prison population rate of the US is 716 per 100,000 people. He further includes the testimonial statement of the defeated presidential candidate Hilary Clinton, “It’s a stark fact that the United States has less than 5 percent of the world’s population, yet we have almost 25 percent of the world’s total prison population”. The barefaced USA, however, continues to wage war, kill and lecture other nations on how to behave.

Another slandered concept is self-reliance. The "elite" of the international system are engaged in teaching the world that self-reliance is dead and useless. Governments pursuing self-reliant projects and independent political lines are conceived as a threat to global peace and security. Self-reliance is not to disregard collaboration and assistance but to prioritize and mobilize internal resources to advance development. The reason that Eritrea, a small, young, low-income country was always observed by the eyes of world powers was its policy of self-reliance, and little else. Eritrea was stoned by accusations merely for its confidence and responsive attitude to internal demands. Quite unique from the broader African context, regardless of its form and procedure, Eritrea seeks to focus on representing public interests and has worked to satisfy popular expectations. Eritrean is guided and ordered by the rhythm of the country’s objective reality. Eritrean seeks to be able to deliver basic social services, enforce laws and maintain peace and security.

In all western industrialized countries national identity formation, state building, industrialization, institutionalization and democratization were done separately in different periods. Developing countries however, are ordered to answer all those assignments at once which perplexed them.

At last, it is paramount to understand the discrepancy between historical reality and the conventional wisdom of development, between the practice and rhetoric. In order for good ideas to produce good results, a good and enabling environment must be created in advance. We also have to understand that although emulation is important, evolution of ideas is more important.



          Eritrea FM visits Astana in first ever government-level visit of Eritrea representative to Kazakhstan   
Kazakhstan Foreign Minister, H.E. Kairat Abdrakhmanov meeting with his Eritrean counterpart, H.E. Osman Saleh in Astana

By AKIpress

Eritrea's Minister of Foreign Affairs Osman Saleh Mohammed arrived in Astana in a first ever government-level visit of Eritrea representative to Kazakhstan.

FM Mohammed was received by his Kazakh counterpart Kairat Abdrakhmanov. Kazakhstan and Eritrea established diplomatic ties in December 2016.

The Eritrea's FM said he opes this visit will become the beginning of fruitful partnership between the two nations. He also handed over the letter from President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki addressed to President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, in which the Eritrean side expressed interest in boosting ties with Kazakhstan.

The parties discussed a wide range of issues of development of bilateral political cooperation, as well as prospects for cooperation in the trade and economic fields.

During the talks, special attention was paid to the issues of cooperation between Kazakhstan and Eritrea within the framework of the United Nations, including in the framework of Kazakhstan's presidency in the UN Security Council's Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group.

The Monitoring Group on Somalia was first established by the Council on 16 December 2003 to focus on ongoing arms embargo violations. Subsequently, the Council extended and expanded the mandate of the Monitoring Group on several occasions. After the imposition of the sanctions regime on Eritrea on 23 December 2009, the name of the Monitoring Group was changed to Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. The Group was preceded by a Panel of Experts, which was established by the Council on 22 July 2002 to generate information on violations of the arms embargo on Somalia with a view toward strengthening it.

Eritrea is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti. The capital city, Asmara, is known for its Italian colonial buildings, like St. Joseph's Cathedral, as well as art deco structures. Italian, Egyptian and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflect the port city's colorful history. Notable buildings here include St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.

------

Senior delegation on working visit to Kazakhstan

By Shabait

Asmara, 29 June 2017- A senior Eritrean delegation comprising Foreign Minister Osman Saleh, Presidential Advisor Mr. Yemane Gebreab and Ambassador Petros Tsegai are on a working visit to Kazakhstan.

At the meeting the senior Eritrean delegation held with Mr. Kairat Abdrakhnanov, Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan, on 28 June in Astana the two sided reached an agreement to strengthen cooperation in political, diplomatic and economic sectors.

They also reached to understanding on the priority areas of cooperation in the sectors of trade, investment mining as well as agriculture and transportation.

The Eritrean delegation also visited the Astana International Expo 2017.

          Penn State Schuykill Professor Dr. Charles Cantalupo on LV Discourse   
On this edition of Lehigh Valley Discourse , host John Pearce's guest is Dr. Charles Cantalupo , Distinguished Professor of English, Comparative Literature and African Studies at Penn State - Schuylkill. Dr. Cantalupo discusses the art of translating, his passion for Africa (particularly Eritrea and its literature), the best parts of teaching and his love of Bethlehem, PA. (Original air-date: 6/22/2017)
          Recibir a los refugiados en Europa – Un imperativo moral y político   

Nosotros, ciudadanos de los estados miembros de la Unión Europea, del Espacio Schengen, de los Balcanes, del Mediterráneo y de Oriente Medio, así como ciudadanos de otros países del mundo que comparten nuestras preocupaciones, lanzamos una llamada de emergencia. English

Press Association/Benjamin Girette. All rights reserved

A nuestros gobernantes y representantes en los parlamentos nacionales y en el Parlamento Europeo, así como en el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos y en la Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados:

Los refugiados de Oriente Medio deben ser rescatados y bienvenidos!

Desde hace años, los inmigrantes del sur del Mediterráneo que huyen de la pobreza, la guerra y la represión se han ahogado en el mar o se han hecho trizas contra los alambres de púas. Cuando han logrado cruzar el mar, después de ser extorsionados por de redes de traficantes, han sido expulsados, encarcelados o arrojados a la clandestinidad por estados que les consideran "peligrosos" o "enemigos". A pesar de esto, tienen el valor de perseverar y ayudarse unos a otros para salvar sus vidas y crear esperanza en el futuro.

Sin embargo, desde que las guerras en Oriente Medio, y especialmente en Siria, han asumido proporciones de masacres enormes sin final a la vista, la magnitud de la situación ha dado un vuelco. Poblaciones enteras hechas rehenes entre las partes en conflicto, bombardeadas, hambrientas y aterrorizadas, se han visto arrojadas a un éxodo lleno de peligros que, al precio de otros miles de muertos, empuja a hombres, mujeres y niños hacia los países vecinos y a llamar a las puertas de Europa.

Se trata de una catástrofe humanitaria histórica de grandes proporciones que nos enfrenta a una responsabilidad de la que no hay escapatoria.

La incapacidad de los gobiernos de todos los países para poner fin a las causas de este éxodo (cuando no están contribuyendo, en realidad, a agravarlo) no les exonera de la obligación de rescatar y acoger a los refugiados, respetando sus derechos fundamentales, incluido el derecho de asilo, que consagran las declaraciones fundacionales y las convenciones de derecho internacional.

Sin embargo, con muy pocas excepciones – la iniciativa ejemplar de Alemania, que todavía no ha sido suspendida a día de hoy; y el gigantesco esfuerzo por parte de Grecia para rescatar, acoger y escoltar a los miles de supervivientes que llegan a diario a sus costas, aun teniendo a su economía sometida a una devastadora austeridad; a lo que hay que añadir la disposición de Portugal a aliviar la carga de Grecia haciéndose cargo de parte de los refugiados -, los gobiernos europeos se han negado a hacer frente a la situación, a explicarla a sus poblaciones, a organizar la solidaridad y superar los egoísmos nacionales.

Por el contrario, de este a oeste y de norte a sur, han rechazado el plan de mínimos para la distribución de los refugiados elaborado por la Comisión Europea o lo sabotean. Lo que es peor, están implicados en la represión, la estigmatización y el maltrato a los refugiados y a los inmigrantes en general. La situación de la 'jungla' de Calais, ahora desmantelada violentamente sin tener en cuenta ni el espíritu ni la letra de una decisión judicial, es un escandaloso ejemplo de todo ello, aunque no el único.

En contraste, son los ciudadanos, europeos y de otras partes - los pescadores y habitantes de Lampedusa y de Lesbos, los activistas de ayuda a los refugiados y las redes de apoyo al inmigrante, los centros de acogida laicos y religiosos, con el apoyo de artistas e intelectuales –, los que han salvado nuestro honor y señalado el camino hacia una solución.

Disponen, sin embargo, de medios insuficientes, se encuentran a veces con la hostilidad de las autoridades, y tienen que hacer frente, como los propios refugiados e inmigrantes, con el rápido crecimiento de un frente xenófobo europeo que abarca desde organizaciones violentas, abiertamente racistas o neofascistas, a líderes políticos “respetables” y gobiernos cada vez más presos por el autoritarismo, el nacionalismo y la demagogia. Se enfrentan dos Europas totalmente incompatibles y a partir de ahora hay que elegir entre ellas.

Esta tendencia xenófoba, mortal para las víctimas de la violencia y ruinosa para el futuro del continente europeo como espacio de libertad, debe revertirse de modo inmediato.

Hay más de 60 millones de refugiados en el mundo. Líbano y Jordania reciben un millón cada uno (lo que viene a representar, respectivamente, el 20 y el 12% de su población) y Turquía, dos millones (3%).

El millón de refugiados que en 2015 llegaron a Europa (una de las regiones más ricas del mundo, a pesar de la crisis) representan tan sólo el 0,2% de su población. No sólo los países europeos, tomados en su conjunto, disponen de los medios para acoger a los refugiados y tratarlos con dignidad, sino que están obligados a ello si quieren continuar apelando a los derechos humanos como fundamento de su política. Está en su interés hacerlo, también, en la medida en que deseen empezar a recrear las condiciones para la paz y la seguridad colectivas, junto con todos los países de la zona mediterránea que han compartido la misma historia y la misma herencia cultural desde hace miles de años.

Y esto es lo que debe hacerse para eliminar de nuestro horizonte, de una vez por todas, el espectro de una nueva época de discriminación institucional organizada y de eliminación de seres humanos "indeseables".

Nadie puede decir cuándo ni en qué proporción podrán 'volver a casa' los refugiados, y nadie debe subestimar la dificultad de las cuestiones que hay que resolver, de la resistencia que generan y los obstáculos y peligros que conllevan. Pero nadie puede seguir haciendo caso omiso de la voluntad de las poblaciones de acoger a refugiados y del deseo de los refugiados de integrarse. Nadie tiene derecho a declarar irresoluble el problema con el fin de esquivarlo más fácilmente.

Se precisan, de modo inmediato, medidas de emergencia a gran escala.

La tarea de proporcionar asistencia a los refugiados de Oriente Medio y África en el marco de un estado de emergencia debe ser proclamada e implementada por los órganos de gobierno de la Unión Europea y llevada a cabo por todos los Estados miembros. Debe ser confirmada por las Naciones Unidas y ser objeto de consulta permanente entre los estados democráticos de toda la región.

Deben desplegarse fuerzas civiles y militares, no para llevar a cabo acciones de guerrilla costera contra los “contrabandistas”, sino para llevar ayuda a los inmigrantes y poner fin al escándalo de los ahogados en el mar. En este marco, probablemente, será preciso tomar medidas enérgicas contra el tráfico de seres humanos y condenar las complicidades que se benefician de él. Prohibir el acceso legal es lo que genera prácticas mafiosas, y no a la inversa.

La carga de los países receptores de primera línea, en particular Grecia, debe aliviarse inmediatamente. Debe reconocerse su contribución al interés común. Su inaceptable aislamiento actual debe revertirse en solidaridad.

Debe preservarse la zona de libre circulación de Schengen, pero debe suspenderse y renegociarse el Reglamento de Dublín, que facilita devolver a los inmigrantes al país de entrada. La Unión Europea debe presionar a los países del Danubio y de los Balcanes para que vuelvan a abrir sus fronteras y negociar con Turquía para convencerle de que deje de usar a los refugiados como excusa político-militar y como moneda de cambio.

Al mismo tiempo, deben transferirse todos los refugiados registrados por transporte aéreo y marítimo a los países del norte de Europa que sean objetivamente capaces de acogerlos, en lugar de dejar que se acumulen en un pequeño país en peligro de convertirse en campo de detención y “vertedero” humano.

A más largo plazo, Europa - enfrentada a uno de los grandes desafíos que están cambiando el curso de la historia de los pueblos - tiene que desarrollar un plan de ayuda, democráticamente controlado, para los supervivientes de esta gran masacre y para aquellos que les están ayudando. Debe establecer no sólo cuotas de recepción, sino también arbitrar ayuda social y educativa, vivienda adecuada y, por consiguiente, un presupuesto especial y disposiciones legales que garanticen nuevos derechos para encajar a las poblaciones desplazadas en las sociedades de acogida de un modo digno y pacífico.

No hay alternativa. O hospitalidad y derecho de asilo, ¡o barbarie!

Primeros firmantes:

Michel AGIER (Francia)

Horst ARENZ (Alemania)

Athéna ATHANASIOU (Grecia)

Chryssanthi AVLAMI (Grecia)

Walter BAIER (Austria)

Etienne BALIBAR (Francia)

Sophie BESSIS (Túnez)

Marie BOUAZZI (Túnez)

Hamit BOZARSLAN (Francia, Turquía)

Judith BUTLER (Estados Unidos)

Claude CALAME (Francia)

Marie-Claire CALOZ-TSCHOPP (Suiza)

Dario CIPRUT (Suiza)

Patrice COHEN-SEAT (Francia)

Edouard DELRUELLE (Bélgica)

Matthieu DE NANTEUIL (Bélgica)

Meron ESTEFANOS (Eritrea)

Wolfgang-Fritz HAUG (Alemania)

Ahmet INSEL (Turquía)

Pierre KHALFA (Francia)

Nicolas KLOTZ (Francia)

Justine LACROIX (Bélgica)

Amanda LATIMER (Reino Unido)

Camille LOUIS (Francia)

Giacomo MARRAMAO (Italia)

Roger MARTELLI (Francia)

Sandro MEZZADRA (Italia)

Toni NEGRI (Italia)

Maria NIKOLAKAKI (Grecia)

Josep RAMONEDA (España)

Judith REVEL (Francia)

Vicky SKOUMBI (Grecia)

Barbara SPINELLI (Italia)

Bo STRÅTH (Suecia)

Etienne TASSIN (Francia)

Mirjam VAN REISEN (Países Bajos)

Hans VENEMA (Países Bajos)

Marie-Christine VERGIAT (Francia)

Frieder Otto WOLF (Alemania)

Mussie ZERAI (Eritrea)

Por favor hagan circular y firmen este documento en:

http://www.transform-network.net/blog/blog-2016/news/detail/Blog/appeal.html

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          The ‘slightly different’ Alpine festival   
Aymann, a Syrian refugee, deftly flips his opponent into the sawdust. But the opponent just manages to turn and land on his stomach rather than his back, which would have meant losing. Urged on by the audience, Aymann tries to turn him over but can’t. Both begin to laugh. They stand up and try again.  Swiss wrestling, known as Schwingen, is one of the many customs that the church charity HEKS wants to introduce to refugees from Syria, Afghanistan, Eritrea or Sri Lanka who live in Switzerland.  Swiss traditions are explained and passed by professionals and well-known figures, for example champion wrestlers, alphorn players and yodellers.  The highlight of this campaign took place on June 17, National Refugee Day in Switzerland: an old-school Alpine festival outside Bern train station. People yodelled, threw flags, played traditional card game Jass and blew alphorns.  The 700 or so visitors celebrated not only old Swiss traditions, but also intercultural dialogue and solidarity. 
          What Is behind Tension between Eritrea and Djibouti?   
(BBC News)―The African Union is sending a fact-finding mission to Eritrea and Djibouti as tension mounts over their disputed border at one of the world’s busiest shipping routes. The AU’s move has been backed by the UN Security Council, which on 19 June urged the two countries to resolve their differences peacefully. The tension has […]
          Here Are Some of the Groundbreaking African Speakers at TEDGlobal 2017   
Eritrean journalist & human rights activist Meron Estefanos and Kenyan inventor & mechanical engineer Kamau Gachigi are in the list of TEDGlobal 2017 African Speakers. By Torera Idowu (CNN) | TEDGlobal has released a preview list of speakers for its four day conference in Arusha, Tanzania this August, the first conference on the continent for […]
          Se vende - Cables De Chasis Para Computadora para Juegos... - Subasta   
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          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Horizon   
Dear Hayat Adem, Not for a second do i believe that the Nitriccs, the Simmons, the. K. Snakes, the worshipers of gedli, and some others are the true representatives of what the real eritreans are. These are the spoiled elites who see eritrea through a power prism and their fantasy world of superiority complex. They are the detached group, who think that what they believe and dream is what the ordinary eritrean wants. Ordinary people want ordinary things, like peace so that they can farm their land and they can trade to feed their families, bring up their children healthier and more educated than themselves, water and electricity so that they do not feel that they are the people God has forsaken, they can travel within their country freely and even beyond, they do not have to think of wars and destructions, because they are the immediate victims, etc, etc. Look at the priorities of the elites and how they have put eritrea surrounded by an iron curtain of badme, the continuing leverage of gedli over the daily life of eritreans, the quintessential eritrean nationalism, new history, new identity, etc, etc, which shows that the elites are completely absorbed with things that do not improve in the least the life of the ordinary people, and they are completely detached and uninterested for the economic cooperation taking place between the countries of the region, which could improve the lives of the ordinary people, and can open a new horizon for eritrea. They are dreaming of making eritrea an arab nation (can you believe it?), just or the sake of ephemeral economic advantages, while at the same time they are turning their backs on the big market that is forming in the region. The fact that eritrean elites have not reached any level of rapprochement and cooperation after so long, shows how much they are detached from the problems of the eritrean people, because what we hear to the contrary are mainly words that by themselves mean nothing. It seems that by living in the west, we the elites have completely forgotten life in rural eritrea and ethiopia, and may be we have to travel through rural ethiopia and eritrea at least in our minds, before we start talking about politics, as Gandhi did by traveling throughout India first before he started to tackle indian politics. “Shared world and fate”. Thank you H. A. for your great courage for saying this truth in their face, for this is their true nightmare, ethiopians and eritreans shaping together their shared future and fate in peace, harmony and cooperation. Sometimes one feels that eritrea has been saved from one tormentor, only to be tormented by those who have the audacity to take away eritrean nationality from others and call themselves her true sons and daughters. You are an asset for eritrea of the future, of peace, normality and hope. When the light starts to shine through the thick fog of today, try to be there, at the forefront. That day will truly come. Look at those who are scared of the future reality of ethiopia and eritrea.When they read about industrial parks, electric railways, highways, high rising dams, etc, they do not ask themselves, why not in eritrea too, but on the contrary, they start spewing their poison, such as egypt will destroy them, or what are you talking about when you are still suffering from famine, your women are these and that, you are at the verge of imploding, etc. which shows that they have nothing to show after twenty five years of stay in power. In conclusion, ethiopians and eritreans are condemned to live in harmony and cooperation, no matter what, and however the elites on both sides may wish to the opposite, and let them eat their hearts out.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Haile Zeru   
Hi Berhe, I do not know if you realized also that YG splits Eritreans between Lowlander/Highlander and then again he made a split Moslem/Christian. These schisms already exist, no doubt about it. But Most politicians suggest ways to narrow these divisions and come ( at least they try), up with a formula that makes all Eritreans winners. YG takes these fault lines and comes with suggestions that focuses exclusively on Tigrinya and Christian perceived (by him) interests or Habesha identity. Basicaly according to YG, SAAY and SGJ are not part of the equation. The Saho, highlanders but moslems are out of YG equation. The Jeberti, the Bilen are out of what YG proposes as a solution for the "Eritrean" people. And so are all Eritrea lowlanders. His "Eritrea" are Akele, Seraye and Hamassien with Christian and Tigrinya qualifiers. His analises laid of on this background. Long ago he wrote few articles that were expounding the above background very clearly. I am not sure now but I think one of the articles was entitled: The two solitudes or somryhong like that.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Abraham H.   
Dear blink, don't blame Nitricc, he has just copied and pasted here what was written in the Ethiopian opposition website ecadforum by someone Shiferaw Abebe. These are the Ginbot 7 sympathisers, aka the Abi-constituents, who are sleeping with the Eritrean dictator, at least, until they get rid of the tplf, if they ever could. The poor Isayas foot soldiers like Nitricc have no idea that once and if ( a very big if) the G7 are done with the Weyanes, they would immediately turn their guns towards Eritrea.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Hayat Adem   
Dear Horizon, Don't even believe them for a second. You have better heart and concerns about Eritrea and Eritreans than Some Eritreans here. It is the same, some Eritreans have good care and genuine concerns for Ethiopia than many Ethiopians. This is because 1) goodness doesn't stop at a border, in same way evilness doesn't. 2) Both countries and peoples have a shared world and fate. Any truly good Ethiopian can never speak of wishing bad on Eritreans. Any Eritrean who wishes of social implosion inside Ethiopia is not good for Eritrea as well. You might have read some Eritreans claiming peace and love will rain of the sky the very afternoon if Ethiopia leaves Badime in the morning. You have proved that that would never be the case in your own way. They talk like they will turn saints mindful of only Eritrean business the moment Horizon pulls off participation. Talk of of wishing Ethiopia to implode increased. Leave Badime, badmouthing and animosity will double.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by blink   
Dear Thomas There are some hideous people who think that Ethiopia has a god given right to Assab and if god doesn't remember their right ,they hope all the Tigrinya people in Eritrea chooses to be united under the pretext of cultural heritage. But I was shocked Nitricc repeated their braying rituals. Thomas in your conservative assumption, how and when do you think the Sadistic guy will removed from power ? I hope you stay honest on your reply.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Thomas   
Hi Berhe, Thank you for responding. One thing to mention, all gebar has limits (this could be from the environment they are exposed to, education and culture) and all tegadelti's were never the same (some would give value to the gebars & others might have belittled and made jokes on the gebars). I like to see Eritreans talk about Eritrea. Gedli's task was completed in the year of 1991 and concluded with the Eritrean people participation of the referendum (result: 99.98). It really never matters if someone likes to joke about gedli, tegadelti or anything that happened 26 years ago. We have a sovereign nation just like every nation the world, PEOPLE MUST WEAK-UP FOR GOD'S SEEK!! I will never get "the protecting the gedli" thing, ever!! Even the South Sudanese with all the difference among them cannot reverse their independence and unify their country with the North Sudan/former Sudan. Somethings just cannot be reversed!!
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Thomas   
Hi Blink, You can try but I don't think Nitricc's mind holds new information. I remember the time when we had to worry about a few damn Ethiopians questioning the ownership of Assab and that was before our referendum. Right after the referendum results was announced, we celebrated our countries independence and her rebirth with her entire land, sea, mountains and all. How in the world is Assab a border dispute with Ethiopia. How in the world can Blue Nile of Ethiopia near Bahir Dar to become the Egyptians river? My only suggestion is for Nitricc to buy a hard copy of the map of Eritrea. He may need to post this map on the wall near his bed so that he gets study it and be good for the day. From observing him here for a while, he tend to keep new info. for a day.
          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by Berhe Y   
Hi Tommy, The respect is mutual,trust me. The joke would have made sense if it was the reverse. That Ethiopian solidiers are afraid of Eritreans working with "Wenbede". There has never been a story of betrayal of an ERITREAN working with Derg against the Tegadelti, at least not that warrants a joke. Sure, Tegadalay / Ghebar division come to surface, mostly after independence because primary the pfdj created policy of division. Berhe
          Europas fragwürdige Kooperation mit Afrikas Regimen(info-Sammelung von der Deutschen Welle)   

FLÜCHTLINGE

Europas fragwürdige Kooperation mit Afrikas Regimen

Um den Zustrom afrikanischer Migranten einzudämmen, ist die EU offenbar sogar bereit, mit Regimen wie Eritrea und Sudan zu kooperieren. Menschenrechtler kritisieren das.
Flüchtlinge in Melilla Flüchtling Grenzzaun Helikopter 06/2014
Es ist nicht leicht, Informationen zu dem Maßnahmenpaket zu finden, das die EU mit afrikanischen Ländern zur Flüchtlingskrise umsetzen will. Im Internet sucht man vergeblich nach dem Papier, das den Namen "Sharm El Sheikh Plan of Action" trägt. Vielleicht hat das einen Grund: In dem Aktionsplan geht es um Kooperationen zwischen der EU und diktatorischen Regimen wie Eritrea oder dem Sudan.
Jeden Monat fliehen rund 5.000 Eritreer aus ihrem Land, schätzen die Vereinten Nationen. Aus dem ostafrikanischen Land am Horn von Afrika stammen die meisten der afrikanischen Flüchtlinge, die versuchen, nach Europa zu gelangen. Was sie zu der gefährlichen Fahrt übers Mittelmeer treibt, lässt sich im jüngsten Bericht der UN-Menschenrechtskommission nachlesen. Eritreas Regierung verübe "umfassende grausame Menschenrechtsverletzungen", heißt es dort. Es herrsche ein "totaler Mangel an Rechtsstaatlichkeit". Es gebe außergerichtliche Hinrichtungen und Folter. Frauen seien einem "extremen Risiko" von sexueller Gewalt ausgesetzt. Eritreer dürften sich nicht frei bewegen. Oft wird Eritrea auch als "Nordkorea Afrikas" bezeichnet.
Zweifelhafte Kooperationspartner
Ausgerechnet dieses Land will die Europäische Union nun laut Aktionspapier dabei unterstützen, die "personellen und institutionellen Kapazitäten von Eritreas Regierung beim Kampf gegen Menschenhandel und -schmuggel zu stärken". So steht es in dem vertraulichen Papier, das der DW vorliegt. Erstmals hatte das deutsche Fernsehmagazin "Monitor" im Juli darüber berichtet.
Menschenrechtsaktivistin Meron Estefanos Foto: Stefanie Duckstein
Misshandelter Flüchtling aus Eritrea: "umfassende grausame Menschenrechtsverletzungen"
Der Aktionsplan wurde von einem Ausschuss verabschiedet, der den sperrigen Namen "Steering Committee of the EU - Horn Of Africa Migration Route Inititiative" trägt. In dem Ausschuss sitzen von europäischer Seite Deutschland, Frankreich, Italien, Großbritannien, Malta, die EU-Kommission sowie der Europäische Auswärtige Dienst (EEAS). Die afrikanischen Länder sind vertreten durch die Afrikanische Union, Ägypten, Äthiopien, Sudan, Südsudan und Eritrea - Länder, in denen die Menschenrechtssituation kritisch bis katastrophal ist.
Der Ausschuss wurde im Rahmen des sogenannten Khartum-Prozesses gegründet, einer breit angelegten Kooperation zwischen Europäischer Union und afrikanischen Staaten. Auch auf mehrfache Nachfrage war es nicht möglich, ein Interview mit der EU-Kommission zu dem Aktionsplan zu bekommen. In einer schriftlichen Antwort an die DW fasst sie lediglich die wichtigsten Ziele des Prozesses zusammen: "Das Problem des Menschenhandels und des Schmuggels von Migranten angehen, Hilfe für die Opfer, Aufnahmezentren leiten, gestrandeten und gefährdeten Migranten beistehen." Menschenhandel sei ein schwerwiegendes Verbrechen und eine Verletzung der Menschenrechte der Opfer.
Alles nur ein Vorwand?
Auf ihrer Flucht Richtung Europas werden viele Flüchtlinge aus Eritrea bereits im Nachbarland Sudan von Menschenhändlern aufgegriffen und nach Ägypten auf den Sinai verschleppt. Dort würden sie übel misshandelt, um von den Familienangehörigen daheim Geld zu erpressen, schreibt die Nichtregierungsorganisation Human Rights Watch (HRW) in einem Bericht vom März 2014.
Omar al-Baschir ARCHIV
Kooperationspartner mit internationalem Haftbefehl: Sudans Präsident Omar al-Bashir
Dass die EU jetzt aber den Schutz von Flüchtlingen anführe, um Kooperationen mit Regimen wie Sudan oder Eritrea zu begründen, hält Lotte Leicht, Leiterin des Brüsselers Büro von Human Rights Watch schlicht für "zynisch". Die EU verschließe die Augen vor der fehlenden Rechtsstaatlichkeit und den täglichen Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit, die die Regierungen dieser Länder in vollkommener Straflosigkeit an ihren Bürgern verübten, kritisiert Leicht.
Natürlich müsse man Menschenhandel bekämpfen, sagt Barbara Lochbihler, Abgeordnete der Grünen im Menschenrechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments. Letztlich hält aber auch sie das Argument für vorgeschoben. "Die Flüchtlinge werden ja gerade von denen verfolgt, mit denen man hier zusammenarbeitet. Da sehe ich einen Widerspruch." Man müsse organisiertes Verbrechen wie Menschenschmuggler bekämpfen, aber nicht auf Kosten derer, die eigentlich Schutz bräuchten, so die Europaabgeordnete.
"Verbesserte Grenzkontrollen" für den Südsudan
Auch im Fall Sudan ist die Kooperation problematisch: Gegen Sudans Präsident Umar al-Bashir liegt ein Haftbefehl des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs in Den Haag wegen mutmaßlichen Völkermordes, Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit und Kriegsverbrechen in der Region Darfur vor. Trotzdem soll seine Regierung laut Aktionspapier nun ein "regionales Trainingszentrum zum Kampf gegen Menschenhandel und -schmuggel" bekommen.
Frankreich Flüchtlinge Eurotunnel Calais
Migranten am Eurotunnel in Frankreich: "Verhindern, dass Flüchtlinge für uns Europäer sichtbar werden"
Der benachbarte Südsudan versinkt seit zwei Jahren in einem blutigen Konflikt. Zehntausende Menschen sind auf der Flucht. Ausgerechnet diesem Land wollen die Europäer helfen, "die Grenzkontrollen zu verbessern".
Letztlich mache man es Menschen so nur noch schwerer, außerhalb solcher Länder Schutz zu suchen, sagt HRW-Aktivistin Leicht. Sie kommt zu dem zynischen Schluss: "Bei dem Khartum-Prozess geht es nur um ein Ziel: zu verhindern, dass Flüchtlinge an eine Küste gelangen, um per Boot die Überfahrt nach Europa zu versuchen und dann für uns Europäer sichtbar werden."
Sowohl Grünen-Politikerin Lochbihler als auch HRW-Frau Leicht kritisieren, dass es so gut wie keine öffentlich zugänglichen Informationen zu diesen Kooperationen gebe. Nicht einmal die europäischen Parlamente würden umfassend informiert. "Ich kann mir schon vorstellen, dass auf diese Weise eine öffentliche Debatte unterbunden werden soll", sagt Lochbihler.
Offenbar wissen die Europäische Union und ihre Mitgliedstaaten selbst, wie problematisch diese Form der Zusammenarbeit ist.

DIE REDAKTION EMPFIEHLT


          A Migrant Smuggling Kingpin Is on Trial---What If He's the Wrong Man?   
The African man held in Sicily is actually a poor migrant from Eritrea, say a host of people—including, it appears, the target himself.
          Eritrea: 160 Christians Arrested in Government Crackdown   
Christians in Eritrea are facing increased persecution since the government began a concerted crackdown on the Christian population in May.
          Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   

in_focus_gha_zeinab_badawi.jpg

© BBC World News

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.

 

Episodes

BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)

   

1) Mother Africa

In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

2) Cattle, crops and Iron

Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

3) Gift of the Nile

Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

4) The Kingdom of Kush

In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

5) The Rise of Aksum

Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

6) Kings and Emirs

In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

7) North Africa

In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

8) Pagans and God

In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

 


          Divisions Among Gulf Arab States Increases Instability in the Horn of Africa   
Gulf Cooperation Council isolation of Qatar impacts Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia and Sudan A dispute over territory involving the Horn of Africa states of Djibouti and Eritrea was reignited in the aftermath of the withdrawal of Qatari military forces stationed on the border of the countries on June 13. Doha had served as a […]
          Review of Red Sea Xenisthmus Snyder (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae), with description of a new species   

Three species of the xenisthmid genus Xenisthmus Snyder are recorded from the Red Sea. Xenisthmus polyzonatus (Klunzinger), the only described species previously known from the Red Sea, is reported on the basis of eight specimens from Egypt, Eritrea and Saudi Arabia. Xenisthmus oligoporus new species is described from four specimens, 17.7–25.0 mm SL, from Sudan and Saudi Arabia. It is distinguished from all other congeners in having a reduced number of cephalic sensory pores and 14–15 segmented rays in the second dorsal fin. Xenisthmus balius Gill & Randall is newly recorded from the Red Sea on the basis of 13 specimens from Eritrea, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The new specimens of this species are described and compared with previously known specimens, the holotype and eight paratypes from the Arabian (= Persian) Gulf. All three species are described in detail and illustrated with colour photographs. An identification key to the species is also provided.

 


          Minst 160 kristna gripna i Eritrea   
Människorättsgrupper rapporterar att minst 160 kristna har gripits i Eritrea sedan regeringen i maj inledde sin senaste fas av tillslag mot kristna..
          A Migrant Smuggling Kingpin Is on Trial---What If He's the Wrong Man?   
The African man held in Sicily is actually a poor migrant from Eritrea, say a host of people—including, it appears, the target himself.

          ግንቦት ሰባት – የነአምን ዘለቀና ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ ስውር ሴራ ሰለባ   

(አለባቸው ተሰማ) እኔ በኢትዮጵያ አንድነት ሀይሎች ስር ሆኜ ኢህአዴግን ከስሩ ለመመንገል ወስኜ መታገል ከጀመርኩ ቀላል የማይባሉ ጊዜያት አሳልፍያለሁ። በከፍተኛ ወኔ’ና የሀገር ፍቅር መንፈስ ነበር የአንድነት ሀይሎችን የተቀላቀልኩት። ለሀገሬ አንድነት መታገሌ አሁንም የምኮራበት ውሳኔየ ነው። ምናልባት አሁን ካለሁበት የትግል መስመር ብወጣ እንኳን በህይወት ከኖርኩ ለሀገሬ አንድነት ከመታገል እንደማላቆም ሙሉ ልቤ ያውቀዋል። በትግል ውሰጥ ሁሉም ዓይነት ፈተናዎች […]

Read more ግንቦት ሰባት – የነአምን ዘለቀና ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ ስውር ሴራ ሰለባ at Horn Affairs - Amharic


          Denuncia - Caritas di Roma: tra i rifugiati aumentano i casi di tortura   
Avvenire
In 12 anni nel poliambulatorio diocesano sono stati presi in carico 334 pazienti. Nell'ultimo anno 45. Donne torturate e violentate. Anche casi di persone costrette ad assistere alle violenze.

«Con l'aumento dei richiedenti protezione internazionale crescono in Italia i cittadini stranieri che hanno subito varie forme di tortura ed oppressione». 


Lo denuncia la Caritas di Roma nel dossier "Ero forestiero e mi avete ospitato", elaborato in occasione della Giornata mondiale del migrante e del rifugiato 2017. 

Un capitolo è dedicato proprio ai casi di tortura, e prende spunto dal progetto "Ferite invisibili", avviato alle fine del 2005 presso il Poliambulatorio Caritas per immigrati «mirato specificatamente alla riabilitazione psicologica di queste persone che si trovano in condizione di fragilità sociale». 

E i numeri sono drammatici. In quasi 12 anni di progetto sono stati presi in carico 334 pazienti (266 uomini e 68 donne) e sono stati effettuati 4.844 colloqui psicoterapeutici con una media di 14 visite/paziente a sottolineare la complessità e la delicatezza dell'approccio terapeutico. Casi che restano molto alti. Negli ultimi 12 mesi, ci spiega il dottor Salvatore Geraci, responsabile dell'area sanitaria della Caritas e presidente della Società italiana di medicina delle migrazioni, «abbiamo seguito 45 pazienti, di cui 26 nuovi. Sono state prese in carico 37 persone, mentre le altre 8 hanno fatto il colloquio di valutazione e sono state orientate ad altri servizi territoriali. Finora sono state effettuate 425 sedute terapeutiche». «Più uomini che donne, ma spesso queste ultime oltre alla tortura hanno dovuto subire anche violenze sessuali - ci spiega ancora Geraci -. E ci sono anche casi di "tortura da spettatore", cioè essere esposto alla tortura di un familiare o di una persona che conosci».

Numeri alti ma provenienze che cambiano. Fino al 2010 i pazienti arrivavano soprattutto dall'Afghanistan, seguiti dalla Guinea, Nigeria e Eritrea. Dal 2011 al 2013 soprattutto da Costa d'Avorio, seguiti da Afghanistan, Camerun e Senegal. Tra il 2014 e 2015 si nota un aumento graduale e significativo di quelli provenienti dal Gambia. Attualmente prevalgono le persone in arrivo da Pakistan, Mali, Nigeria e Senegal. Vengono da paesi di guerre e di persecuzioni, accomunati dalle violenze subite nel loro paese o durante il viaggio.Casi molto difficili. 

Così l'equipe che li segue è formata da psicoterapeuti, psichiatri, mediatori culturali, infermieri, operatori del sociale, medici, e offre un servizio di ascolto e di psicoterapia transculturale. «L'aiuto - si legge sempre nel dossier -, attraverso un attento lavoro di equipe, consiste innanzitutto nel far riconoscere l'orrore vissuto e le "ferite" psichiche indotte, affinché queste persone possano riappropriarsi della dignità di esseri umani, dare un significato alla loro esperienza e riprogettare un futuro per la loro esistenza. Nel contempo cerca anche di costituire una fitta rete socio-assistenziale per sostenere percorsi legali, informativi e formativi (accoglienza protetta, insegnamento della lingua italiana, formazione professionale, inserimento lavorativo...)». Un lavoro prezioso al punto che nel febbraio 2012, l'Ufficio delle Nazioni Unite dell'Alto Commissario per i Diritti Umani ha riconosciuto il servizio all'interno della rete sovrannazionale di sostegno e cura alle vittime di tortura. «Sono persone fragili, da tutelare, da non ritraumatizzare», sottolinea Geraci.

Ma c'è un altro fenomeno che preoccupa gli operatori della Caritas, in parte collegato a quella delle torture. Infatti parallelamente all'aumento degli sbarchi «è stato possibile registrare un incremento sensibile dei ricoveri di pazienti stranieri negli ospedali psichiatrici italiani, ed è ipotizzabile (sia pur tutto da dimostrare) un qualche tipo di relazione tra le due osservazioni».

 Anche qui i numeri sono chiari: nel 2009 i ricoveri di stranieri in psichiatria sono stati 2.682 maschi e 3.362 femmine, più o meno in linea con gli anni precedenti; nel 2011, i ricoveri sono passati a 4.518 maschi e 4.909 femmine, mantenendosi anche negli anni successivi intorno a quest'ordine di grandezza, «con un incremento repentino e piuttosto significativo, che non si correla a un corrispondente aumento dello stock di immigrati nel Paese». Di conseguenza, i tassi sono passati da 122 a 188 ospedalizzazioni ogni 100mila immigrati residenti, con un incremento superiore al 50%.


Antonio Maria Mira

          E Majorino dà i numeri: Seimila migranti in città   
Una «quota di presenze di migranti mai raggiunta»: «6mila tra richiedenti asilo, profughi e minori non accompagnati». È il numero fornito dall'assessore comunale al Welfare Pierfrancesco Majorino, a margine dell'iniziativa organizzata con Legambiente in via Sammartini. Un numero veramente impressionante, che non ha pari tra l'altro con nessuna altra città d'Italia.«Questi numeri sono i più alti in assoluto in Italia - tuona Riccardo de Corato, ex vicesindaco e capogruppo di Fratelli d'Italia in Regione - più alti anche di Roma, prima che il sindaco Raggi scrivesse al prefetto per chiedere uno stop. A Milano invece non sono mai abbastanza tanto che il sindaco Sala ha marciato alla manifestazione del 20 maggio per chiederne di più. A Milano non sono mai stati alzati muri! Qui siamo ormai in un'emergenza conclamata: i centri sono stracolmi e i migranti sono dappertutto in città. Sala ha voluto superare a sinistra Pisapia». «La colpa principale di questa invasione - attacca il capogruppo di Forza Italia Gianluca Comazzi - è dello stesso assessore al Welfare che in questi anni si è dimenticato di anziani e famiglie italiane concentrando tutte le politiche sociali sui richiedenti asilo».In particolare gli ospiti delle strutture in città si dividono in 3700 richiedenti asilo, 700 minori non accompagnati - fanno sapere dall'assessorato - e persone che sono state accolte e che hanno goduto precedentemente di percorsi di accoglienza che si sono ormai esauriti e che ora rientrano nel piano dell'accoglienza dei senzatetto. si tratta delle strutture di viale Ortles, via Lombroso, via Saponaro, via Assietta, via Papa Giovanni, dormitori che ospitano italiani che hanno perso lavoro e casa, stranieri e richiedenti asilo che hanno fatto domanda nelle altre città e che quindi sono state inserite nei programmi di accoglienza locali, e migranti che non hanno presentato richiesta di asilo. Fondamentalmente - spiegano da Palazzo Marino - chi ha fatto richiesta di protezione internazionale a Milano ha diritto, qualora la richiesta venga accettata, a un posto in uno dei programmi specifici in città, mentre i migranti che sono stati individuati e identificati in altre città, appunto, hanno diritto a un posto letto nella città dell'identificazione. La maggior parte però di queste persone rimane nella nostra città, nel tentativo di spostarsi verso il Nord.La novità di questi ultimi flussi - spiegano dal Comune - è la massiccia presenza di minori soli non accompagnati: per la maggior parte egiziani, ma anche ragazzini del Ghana e dall'Eritrea. Mentre prima i migranti minori avevano intorno ai 16 anni e arrivavano qui con un progetto e contatti di appoggio, tra famigliari e amici, adesso i ragazzini hanno intorno ai 13 anni, e partono perché allontanati da casa dagli stessi genitori, spesso per via di patologie psichiche. I minori stranieri soli devono essere ospitati in comunità o centri. Diverso, come noto, il trattamento per i titolari di protezione internazionale che va sotto il nome di Spraar: previsti corsi intensivi di italiano, formazione e avviamento al lavoro.
          A Migrant Smuggling Kingpin Is on Trial---What If He's the Wrong Man?   
The African man held in Sicily is actually a poor migrant from Eritrea, say a host of people—including, it appears, the target himself.
          Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba   
La opositora cubana Rosa María Payá, intervino el jueves en el evento Border Sessions organizado por Human Rights Foundation (HRF) en La Haya, junto a panelistas de Eritrea y Turquía. Todos abordaron acerca de la situación de sus países en materia de información y de derechos humanos. Los panelistas narraron sus experiencias y aludieron a […]
          While the World Watches   
News, day after day, of countless refugees coursing through Europe in search of succour and shelter, and of the millions more on Europe’s doorstep in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon needs no elaboration. Syria alone is reportedly responsible for up to 4 million refugees, with Iraq and Somalia accounting for a further 3 million. Hundreds of thousands more are coming from Afghanistan,Libya, Eritrea, Nigeria and so on. Alarming numbers, but no longer surprising because the media have rendered them familiar.

What is less documented and less widely-known, ignored perhaps because the repercussions have largely failed to reach the First World, is that the number of people who have lost or fled their homes is much larger. UNHCR (the United Nations High Commission for Refugees) estimates the current number of displaced people at a staggering 59.5 million, of whom ‘only’ 19.3 million are classified as refugees or asylum-seekers.[1] In official parlance, displaced people who are not refugees are known as IDPs (Internally Displaced People).

Refugees and IDPs

A refugee is someone who has left their home country because they have a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, adherence to a particular social group or political opinion and cannot obtain sanctuary in that country.[2] Drafted in the aftermath of World War II and formally adopted in 1951 at the United Nations Convention on the Status of Refugees, this definition looked back on the recent history of war and restricted the term to that experience. The idea probably did not occur to those who drafted the Geneva Convention that it might also apply to people who have been driven from their homes but lack resources to effect an escape, or have no alternative countries willing to accept them, or even know that such countries exist. If you are fleeing for your life in Darfur, no matter the distance you have traveled, or the reason for your flight, you are a refugee only after you have crossed an international border; until then you are merely an IDP.

Almost 80 per cent of the 13.9 million people displaced in 2014 as a consequence of conflict or persecution were and remain IDPs. Refugees are the concern and merit the protection of the international community - in theory if not in practice. IDPs, though they may be recognised and supported by the UNHCR, occupy a much smaller place in the conscience of the world. And as we shall see, even the UNHCR’s perspective suffers from serious limitations.

The two most widely recognised drivers of Internal Human Displacement are violence and persecution, and natural disasters.

IDPs - from Violence and Persecution

It will come as no surprise that Syria is currently reported to have the highest number of violence-related IDPs - with estimates of the number varying between 6.5 million and 7.6 million - the large numerical differences reflecting both the momentum of continuing human movement and the difficulty of collecting accurate data in conflict zones. Nor will any consumer of Western media be startled to learn that IDPs in Iraq are believed to have grown to over 3.5 million, or even that up to 1.5 million South Sudanese and one million Afghans are displaced in their own country.

What may be less well-known is that the country with the second largest number of violence-related IDPs is not in the Middle East, or North Africa, but in South America. Colombia has an estimated 6 million IDPs - victims of internal violence perpetrated both by guerilla armies and by official and unofficial government forces and militia. We hear little about them, perhaps because Colombia has never functioned as an ideological battleground between East and West or between competing religions, and is of more interest to drug traffickers and coffee traders than to oil executives.

IDPs - from Natural Disasters

According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre in Geneva, between 2008 and mid 2015, the number of people displaced by natural disasters was just under 185 million. No, that is not a misprint. These are people forced out of their homes and way of life by earthquakes, mudslides, floods, fires and drought. In 2014, the number displaced by disaster was a relatively modest 19.3 million(below the annual average), the most severely affected countries being The Philippines with 5.8 million, and China and India with roughly 3.5 million each. Major disasters tend to hit the world’s headlines, though most are also quickly forgotten. But how many of us know that nearly a million Chileans and Indonesians, 250,000 Malaysians, 200,000 Bolivians, 150,000 Brazilians and Sri Lankans, 130,000 Sudanese, and 80,000 Paraguayans were displaced last year?

Are natural disasters merely random occurrences unrelated to what humans do to the Earth? Not according to the World Bank which appears to have accepted the scientific consensus. Moreover, the number of severe events is showing a clear upward trend - notably in the frequency of severe storms and floods. If that trend continues and, despite the best efforts of environmental scientists and prominent campaigners like Al Gore and Naomi Klein, there is little reason to think it will not, then we can expect more natural disasters, and many more people left homeless and bereft by them.

IDPs - from economic development

Largely ignored both by the international media, and the international agencies, including UNHCR, economic development projects are a third and almost certainly the largest cause of human displacement and unmitigated misery on the planet. Dr Michael Cernea, former senior policy advisor to the World Bank, has probably done as much as anyone to raise the alarm. Speaking at an Oxford University conference back in 1995, Cernea told his audience that “…world-wide about ten million people annually enter the cycle of forced displacement and relocation in two "sectors" alone — namely, dam construction , and urban/transportation... Development-caused displacements….have turned out to be a much larger process than all the world 's refugee flows taken together each year.” This 10 million figure, Cernea noted, was partial because it did not include displacements from forests and reserve parks; mining and thermal power plant displacements; and many others. His catalogue of the most common ravages of development-induced displacement include landlessness, unemployment, homelessness, marginalisation, food insecurity, increased morbidity and mortality, and social disintegration; and, as he makes clear in a Brookings Institute paper published in 2014, the process has continued unabated.

Victims of large economic development projects are seldom adequately compensated or resettled. Given the environmental degradation and human misery associated with projects like tar sands exploitation in Alberta, Canada, or the Cerrejón mining operation in northern Colombia, it is hard to see how any compensation could truly be described as restitutive. In Everybody loves a good drought, journalist P. Sainath’s masterly account of the lives of India’s poor, the author writes of IDPs that have spent 45 years waiting for compensation. Even the World Bank is curiously lack-lustre when it comes to safeguarding the interests of people marginalised by Bank-financed projects, regardless of its formal commitment to do so.

Among the most damaging development projects - damaging that is to the people directly affected - are large-scale dams. Arundhati Roy, in The Greater Common Good, an essay fired by anger and indignation, offers a heartbreaking picture of how the lives of villagers in India and - notably Tribals - have been shattered by the construction of large dams. Hundreds of villages have been lost to dam-associated flooding, agricultural land as well as valuable forest areas now lie under water, social structures have fractured, villagers have sunk into poverty and despair. Roy refers in her essay to a study of 54 large dams by the Indian Institute of Public Administration which estimates the average number of people displaced by large dams at just under 45,000. India’s Central Water Commission maintains a national register of large dams, from which we learn that the country currently has 4,858 completed dams with another 313 under construction, making a total of 5,171. Using a round figure of 5,000 dams multiplied by a cautious average of 20,000 displacements per dam (rather than the IIPA estimate), we get a total of 100 million people uprooted by dam construction in India alone. “Big dams,” Roy writes, “are to a nation’s development what nuclear bombs are to its military arsenal. They are both weapons of mass destruction… emblems that mark a point in time when human intelligence has outstripped its own instinct for survival… malignant indications of civilisation turning upon itself.”

Dams are far from being the only large-scale development projects dependent on forced evictions. Mining, cattle-ranching, agro-industry, pulp and paper plants, even military firing ranges also figure in the mix of activities requiring - if not demanding - human sacrifice.

We are in an uncontrolled universe in which the wealthy, the powerful and the aggressive use the weapons most suited to the circumstance - be they bombs and tanks, or dams, mines and polluting industries - to further their objectives and thereby shatter the lives of the weak and vulnerable. We rightly deplore the plight of refugees on our doorstep; but to the wretched of the earth, those who live and die miserably elsewhere, we are generally blind or indifferent. In our efforts to impose our religion, our politics, our consumerist way of life, even our development fantasies on others, we end up ruining both them and the environment of which they are the custodians. Military imperatives and economic development are big business; and nothing, it seems, is allowed to get in their way.

[1] An asylum seeker is someone who has applied for but not yet been granted refugee status.

[2] The formal definition is slightly more elaborate.

          The CBC Actors Conservatory Sets the Stage for Onscreen Success   

From the moment you say 'action,' this is the fun part - things should happen that surprise you, excite you, scare you, turn you on, make you laugh. If things aren't surprising you, when you say 'cut,' whisper things to the actors that will make them do things that do surprise you.
Jill Soloway

As Canada celebrates 150 years, CBC and CFC celebrate talent that reflects our country’s values and opportunities. CFC is proud to announce that the CBC Actors Conservatory will begin on Monday, July 17 alongside our Cineplex Entertainment Film Program and Slaight Music Residents. For the first time all of these three programs’ start dates align, which will enhance collaboration and further build our creative community.

“CFC is thrilled to be welcoming eight talented performers/actors from across the country to the CBC Actors Conservatory,” said Larissa Giroux, CFC’s Executive in Charge of Music & Acting Programs. “Their diverse backgrounds represent the best that Canada has to offer and their commitment to the craft of acting and storytelling is unmatched."

The CBC Actors Conservatory offers actors a transformative artistic experience that strengthens their instrument for the screen and expands their onscreen portfolio. This full-time, six-month program balances artistic expression and creative collaboration with the demands of the international screen entertainment industry.

Meet this year’s versatile group here!


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Getenesh Berhe is a Canadian actress and performance artist of Eritrean and Ethiopian descent. Her recent television credits include Kim’s Convenience, Private Eyes and Man Seeking Woman. Upon completion of her training at the Stella Adler Studio of Acting and Hemispheric Institute at New York University, Berhe began working as a theatre artist in various new works and off-off Broadway productions. As a solo performer, her original piece, Cookies and Cream, was included in La MaMa ETC's 2013 "A Series of One – Solo Festival." As a volunteer in Brooklyn and the Bronx, she has helped introduce classical text to youth in underserved communities.


Tim Dowler-Coltman graduated from The National Theatre School of Canada in 2016. Here, he took part in productions with directors such as Total Liquidation (Jordan Tannahill), The Listening Room (Tanya Rintol), Orlando (Eda Holmes), Richard III (David Latham), and as the eponymous lead in Hamlet (Alisa Palmer). Since graduating, he has performed in Orphans (Coal Mine Theatre) and Skylight (Berkeley Street Theatre/Larry Moss). Currently, Dowler-Coltman is in SoulPepper Theatre’s production of Vimy. Prior to his move to Toronto, Dowler-Coltman performed at The Citadel Theatre in Edmonton in productions as varied as Macbeth (Peter Hinton), Sister Marry Ignatius, The Pillowman, A Christmas Carol and Oliver! (Bob Baker). Dowler-Coltman has numerous short film acting credits as well, with films such as The Depths 3D (Skyward Motion Pictures), Ashram 69 (Triple 7 Films), Dead End Drive (Loose Change Films/AMA) and Stitches (Joe Media Group). Most recently, Dowler-Coltman received a Dora nomination for outstanding performance at the 2017 Annual Dora Mavor Moore Awards.


Humberly Gonzalez was born and raised in the city of Punto Fijo, Venezuela. Her film and television credits include Saving Hope, Shadowhunters, Orphan Black and Kodachrome. Gonzalez also collaborated with Ubisoft as a motion capture performer in an upcoming video game directed by Zeke Norton. She recently played the lead in the CFC production, STARFIGHTERS, Laura Good’s Bell Media Prime Time TV Showcase piece. Gonzalez’s passion for television and film started when she took part in Don McKellar’s short film, It’s Not You, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival Shorts Program in 2015 and then went to the Sundance Film Festival. She holds a Visual and Performing Arts Diploma from Keyano College, and is a 2015 graduate of The National Theatre School of Canada.


Kawennáhere Devery Jacobs is a film and television actress, born and raised on the Mohawk reservation of Kahnawake, QC. Her leading role as Aila in the award-winning feature film, Rhymes for Young Ghouls (2013), resulted in Jacobs being nominated for Best Performance By An Actress In A Leading Role at the 2014 Canadian Screen Awards. Since then, she has also been featured as the voice of Sam in Telltale Games' The Walking Dead: Michonne (2016), as well as the television series, Mohawk Girls (2013-2015).Jacobs recently portrayed the supporting role of Andrea in The Land of Rock and Gold (2016), as well as series regular Tina in the go90 web series, Cold. She also won Best Performance in a Canadian Film at the 2016 Whistler Film Festival for her work in the feature film, The Sun at Midnight (2016). Recently, Jacobs has explored the other side of the camera, with her directorial debut of the short film, Stolen (2016). The film discusses the national issue of missing and murdered Indigenous women in Canada, and won Best Aboriginal Film at the 2017 Yorkton Film Festival. Jacobs was also awarded the BravoFact grant for her short film script, Rae (2017), which is currently in post-production.


Kaelen Ohm is a Toronto-based actor, filmmaker and musician. Her transition from behind the camera as an award-winning director to actor has led to credits in a variety of independent feature and short films, including the American television productions, Hell on Wheels and Taken. Ohm appeared in Alexander Carson’s debut feature, O’ Brazen Age, which premiered at the Vancouver International Film Festival in 2015 and then made its theatrical release across Canada with Canada Screens. In 2016, she starred in the Alberta based short, Guns of Purgatory, portraying the historical figure, Martha Jane Canary. Her music video, Black Moon, which she starred in and directed for her music project, AMAARA, was nominated for Best Music Video at the 43rd Annual Alberta Film and Television Awards. Ohm will appear in the upcoming Sony Pictures TV movie of the week, Flint, directed by Bruce Beresford, as well as the Toronto-based short film, Viaticum, with Peter Outerbridge and Lara Daans.


Thomas Olajide is a Dora Mavor Moore Award-nominated, Toronto-based actor from Vancouver, British Columbia, and a graduate of the National Theatre School of Canada. His film credits include Inhuman Condition (nominated for Best Original Program or Series Produced for Digital Media – Fiction in the 2017 Canadian Screen Awards) and Mariner (Part of the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival’s Canada’s Top Ten). Olajide’s theatre credits include: Black Boys (Saga Collectif and Buddies in Bad Times Theatre); Love's Labour's Lost, Hamlet, The Taming of the Shrew, King Lear, A Midsummer Night's Dream and The Beaux Stratagem (Stratford Festival); Macbeth, Taming of the Shrew and The Winter's Tale (Canadian Stage); The Whipping Man and Ruined (Obsidian Theatre); Binti's Journey (Theatre Direct); This Must Be The Place (Architect Theatre and Theatre Passe Muraille); Sia (Cahoots Theatre Company and Pyretic Theatre Company); Oliver! (National Arts Centre) and And Slowly Beauty (Belfry Theatre and National Arts Centre). In 2014, he received the Stratford Festival’s Peter Donaldson Award for Great Promise in Shakespeare and the Classics.


Libby Osler grew up on a small island in Howe Sound, British Columbia. She discovered her love of acting at age seven while playing the devil in a dramatized sermon at her local church. Osler’s television credits include Proof, Supernatural, Fairly Legal, When Calls the Heart and Stargate Atlantis. She has appeared in the feature films, Seventh Son, No Men Beyond This Point and The Driftless Area. In 2014 she played the eponymous role in Kailey and Sam Spears’ sold-out production of Hamlet at the Renegade Theatre in Vancouver. One of the founding members of Blood Pact Theatre, Osler starred in their 2016 show, Kill Your Parents In Viking, Alberta, a co-production with Storefront Theatre. Osler is a graduate of the Neighbourhood Playhouse in New York City.









Originally from Asmara, Eritrea, Toronto-based actor Nabil Rajo made his television debut in 2014 in the medical drama, Remedy. His subsequent television credits include roles on the series, Rookie Blue and Man Seeking Woman, as well as one of the most-viewed television movies of 2014, Aaliyah: The Princess of R&B. Rajo also played the lead role of Hakeem Nour in his feature film debut, Boost, directed by Darren Curtis. Most recently, he starred as Franco Wicks in the Canadian premiere of Tracy Letts’ hit play, Superior Donuts, at The Coalmine Theatre in Toronto, for which he received a Dora nomination for outstanding performance.


          Migrant Pressures Grow; Italy Presses EU Nations To Do More   
Migrants wait to disembark from the Spanish ship 'Rio Segura' in the harbor of Salerno, Italy, Thursday, June 29, 2017. Over 1200 migrants, including children, were rescued while attempting to cross the Mediterranean. The European Union's foreign minister says the bloc supports Italy's stance that it can no longer handle the flood of migrants alone, and she insists other EU countries share the burden. (Ciro Fusco/ANSA via AP)




ROME (AP) — Italy's leader pressed his European Union allies Thursday to take in more migrants, saying the relentless arrival of tens of thousands of rescued migrants on Italian shores is putting his country under enormous strain. He spoke after 10,000 migrants were pulled to safety from the Mediterranean in the last few days alone.

With an election due in less than a year, political pressure is building on Italian Premier Paolo Gentiloni's center-left government to push for relief from fellow EU nations. Flanked by EU national leaders and EU officials at a news conference in Berlin, Gentiloni said the growing number of arrivals "puts our welcome capability to a tough test."

Italy has already taken in hundreds of thousands of migrants in the last few years. Some estimates say 220,000 migrants could land in Italy by the end of 2017. "It's a country under pressure, and we ask the help of our European allies," Gentiloni said, when asked about a reported new Italian strategy of blocking Italy's ports to non-Italian NGO ships that pluck to safety migrants from distressed dinghies and other unseaworthy boats off the Libyan coast.

While acknowledging that European nations take part in patrols to deter smuggling in the central Mediterranean, Gentiloni said the job of caring for the migrants "remains in one country only" — Italy.

In addition to those who arrive, over 2,000 migrants have died trying to cross the Mediterranean this year, according to the U.N. On Sunday, Italy's anti-migrant Northern League Party teamed up with the center-right opposition forces led by former Premier Silvio Berlusconi and triumphed in several mayoral races. The Democrats, Italy's main government party, took an embarrassing drubbing in the vote.

Many Italian towns say they just can't handle hosting hundreds of migrants any more. Right-wing parties remind citizens that Italians themselves are suffering from high unemployment and a practically flat economy.

In one port alone Thursday, in Reggio Calabria, 1,066 migrants disembarked from the Save the Children rescue ship Vos Hestia. Among them were 241 unaccompanied minors. From 2015 to 2016, the number of unaccompanied minors doubled to more than 25,000, according to the Interior Ministry.

This ship's rescued migrants came from Eritrea, Bangladesh, Somalia and several sub-Saharan nations of Africa and included a four-day-old boy. Six migrants had chicken pox and some 250 showed signs of scabies, so officials set up pressurized showers.

There's also concern that if Italy, a stalwart supporter of the EU, sours on Brussels because it feels abandoned on the migrant issue, the EU's very survival itself could be compromised. "Either the Union can shake itself up, or the fear is that it can collapse definitively," said Francesco Laforgia, a lawmaker in a leftist party that split recently from the Democrats.

The idea that Gentiloni's government is mulling blocking Italy's ports to European NGO ships, which increasingly rescue migrants before EU Frontex military fleets or Italian coast guard vessels arrive, is a dramatic recognition that public patience is wearing thin.

"The situation is no long sustainable," Nicola Latorre, head of the Senate's defense commission, told the Il Messaggero daily. "Obviously saving human lives remains a priority. But it's unthinkable that Italy does it all by itself."

Earlier Thursday, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini backed Italy's stance and insisted that other EU countries share the burden of caring for migrants. But previous plans hatched in Brussels to make other EU countries take in a fixed number of migrants from Italy and Greece have failed.

Several central and eastern European EU members — including large countries like Hungary and Poland — have flat out refused to take in a quota of the asylum-seekers, many of whom are economic migrants and not refugees from war or persecution.

Frances D'Emilio is on twitter at www.twitter.com/fdemilio
          Are Black Fraternity & Sorority Calls And Stomp & Shake Cheerleading Yelps Remnants Of Plantation Field Hollers And/Or African Ululation?   
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post points out the very close similarities between certain historically Black sorority calls and certain stomp & shake cheerleading yelps.

This post also asks interested persons to consider whether historically Black fraternity & sorority calls, and stomp & shake cheerleading yelps might be remnants of 29th century and earlier African American field hollers (arhoolie) and/or remnants of or examples of the African (and elsewhere) vocalization custom of ululation.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, historical, and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to all those who are featured in the YouTube videos that are embedded in this post and thanks to the publishers of those videos.

*****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE TYPES OF VOCALIZATIONS THAT ARE REFERRED TO IN THIS POST
FIELD HOLLERS (ARHOOLIES)
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_holler
"The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by southern labourers to accompany their work, to communicate usefully or to vent feelings.[1] It differs from the collective work song in that it was sung solo, though early observers noted that a holler, or ‘cry’, might be echoed by other workers. Though commonly associated with cotton cultivation, the field holler was also sung by levee workers, and field hands in rice and sugar plantations. Field hollers are also known as corn-field hollers, water calls, and whoops. An early description is from 1853 and the first recordings are from the 1930s. The holler is closely related to the call and response of work songs, and arhoolies, to Afro-American and ultimately influenced strands of African American music, such as the blues, rhythm and blues, and spirituals.[2]

It had prevalence among whites in the southern United States too."...

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From http://mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=99525
Subject: Etymology: ARHOOLIE
From: Vixen
Date: 02 Mar 07

"I did a search of the Forum, and all the references to "arhoolie" refer to the record label or the non-profit organization. I'm looking for an etymology and a definition.

What follows is the only definition I found, by googling "arhoolies", at
The Bluehighway Website

Field Hollers And Arhoolies

I'll tell you where the blues began. Back there working on them cotton farms, working hard and the man won't pay 'em, so the started singin', "Ohhh, I'm leavin' he one of these days and it won't be long." See, what's happenin' is givin' them the blues. "You gonna look for me one of these mornings and I'll be gone, ohhh yeah!" -- Sonny Terry (3, p. 18)

Field hollers and arhoolies began in the fields as musical exclamations that expressed the mood of the singer, and they eventually grew into longer phrases and verse. Few recordings of these exist, so we have to accept the testimony of the old bluesmen, such as Sonny Terry and Son House, as to their nature:

All I can say is that when I was boy we was always singing in the fields. Not real singing, you know, just hollering. But we made up our songs about things that were happening to us at the time, and I think that's where the blues started. -- Son House (3, p. 18)

The vocal techniques of these were very unique and they formed the basis for early blues vocals."...

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ULULATION
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ululation
Ululation... is a long, wavering, high-pitched vocal sound resembling a howl with a trilling quality. It is produced by emitting a high pitched loud voice accompanied with a rapid back and forth movement of the tongue and the uvula.

Around the world

Ululation is practiced either alone or as part of certain styles of singing, on various occasions of communal ritual events (like for example weddings) used to express strong emotion.

Ululation is commonly practised in most of Africa, the Middle East and Central-to-South Asia. It occurs a few places in Europe, like Serbia, Cyprus, Malta and parts of Spain. It likewise takes place among the diaspora community originating from these areas....

In Ethiopia and Eritrea, ululation (called ililta) is part of a religious ritual performed by worshippers as a feature of Sunday or other services in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church[11] and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. And it is also randomly (spontaneously) uttered during secular celebrations such as parties or concerts. Elsewhere in Africa ululation is used as a cheer, mourn or attention seeking sound by women. In Hausa ululation is called guda, , sigalagala and in Zulu lilizela in Tsonga nkulungwani and in Shona kupururudza. Ululation is incorporated into African musical styles such as Shona music, where it is a form of audience participation, along with clapping and call-and-response.

In Tanzania ululation is a celebratory cheer sound when good news has been shared or during weddings, welcoming of a newborn home, graduations and other festivals even in church when sermons are going on. In Swahili it is known as vigelele and in Luo dialect it is known as udhalili. Generally women exuberantly yell lililili in a high-pitched voices. Female children are usually proud of being able to ululate like their mothers and aunts...

Ululation is rooted in the culture of Eastern Africa as well as Southern Africa and is widely practiced in Tanzania, Kenya, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is used by women to give praises at weddings and all other celebrations. It is a general sound of good cheer and celebration, when good news has been delivered in a place of gathering, even in church. It is also an integral part of most African weddings where women gather around the bride and groom, dancing and ululating exuberantly. During graduation ceremonies ululation shows pride and joy in scholastic achievement. The women ululating usually stand and make their way to the front to dance and ululate around the graduate."...
-snip-
Italics were added by me to highlight these sentences.

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HISTORICALLY BLACK FRATERNITY AND SORORITY CALLS
From https://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/black-fraternity-sorority-calls.html
Fraternity & sorority calls are signature vocalizations that members of a specific organization make to greet another member of that specific organization and/or to "represent" (promote, "big up") their organization during their own chanting and/or celebratory gatherings and during public events. A fraternity and sorority might have more than one signature call. These calls are usually informal (i.e. not recognized as an official part of that organization by that organization's governing body.) Non-members of a specific organization are strictly prohibited from verbally or in writing using that organization's call in public or in private.

Fraternity & Sorority "Roll calls"

When used by historically Black [university based] Fraternity & sororities (BGLOs) - and particularly by those BGLOs that are known as "The Divine Nine"*, "roll calls" refer to the consecutive vocalization of their signature call/s by multiple BGLOs during a public event. A host or moderator of that event formally announces each organization, usually in the order of their founding, beginning with the earliest founded fraternity and then, after the fraternities are recognized, beginning with the earliest founded sorority. Representatives of "sister" or "brother" organizations may respond to a call with their own call. Also, as an expression of admiration and/or unity, a member of a Divine Nine organization might combine their own signature call with part of the signature call of another member "Divine Nine" organization (either fraternity or sorority).* That said, I've read that some BGLO members disagree with that practice.

*Here's an example of combining two sorority calls:
t goodwill, 2011, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5n4A1mf_fr0
"Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

ZZZZZZ-Yip!!"
-snip-
Refer to the list of calls given below.

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A STATEMENT ABOUT CALLS & HAND SIGNS BY NATIONAL PAN-HELLENIC COUNCIL
From http://www.afa1976.org/Portals/0/Membership_Intake_Guide_NPHC.pdf NPHC National Membership Intake Guide
Hand Signs & Calls
"Hand signs and calls have evolved into another historical facet of Black fraternal organization life. According to Kimbrough (2003), the concept of calls is embedded in both African and African-American tradition. These sounds were a form of yodeling known as whooping in the Congo and Angola tribes. Additionally, these audible sounds, also known as cries and arhoolies, could he heard being sung by slaves. It is not clear when calls were first used, however, it seems possible that calls used by NPHC organizations became prevalent during the mid-1970’s.

Much like calls, the exact origin of hand signs cannot be pinpointed. According to Kimbrough (2003), pictures from college campuses of Black fraternities and sororities indicate that hand signs became a part of the Black fraternal experience during the 1970’s. Although it is not clear how calls and hand signs evolved, these traditions are long standing.

These universal symbols can be seen as exclusive outward expressions of pride and of strong organizational identification."

****
LIST OF NINE HISTORICALLY BLACK GREEK LETTER ORGANIZATION CALLS THAT ARE REFERRED TO AS "THE DIVINE NINE"
These organizations are given in categories (Fraternities/Sororities) and in chronological order with the earliest founded organizations in that category listed first.

Letters [or numbers] in these calls are often repeated to show enthusiasm and/or to stretch out the call.

Additions and corrections are welcome.
Fraternities:
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (1906)
call: "O6"

Response [from a member or members of Alpha Phi Alpha] - "You know"

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Kappa Alpha Psi, Fraternity Inc. (1911)
Yo Yo

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Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. (1911)
Roo or Roo Roo

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Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. (1914)
Blue Phi

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Iota Phi Theta, Fraternity, Inc. (1963)
Ow Ow

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Sororities
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. (1908)
Skee Wee

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Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.
Oo-Oop

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Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc. (1920)
Z-Phi

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Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. (1922)
Eee-Yip

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Examples of these calls are given in the videos that are showcased in Part II of this series http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/seven-videos-of-black-greek-fraternity.html

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STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADER YELPS
"Stomp & Shake" cheerleading is a referent for a relatively new form of African American originated style of cheerleading.

Stomp & shake cheerleading focuses on the group performance of choreographed percussive, rhythmic foot stomping, (individual) hand clapping, leg lifts, and African American/Caribbean originated dance moves. These body movements are often but not always accompanied by the cheer squad's performance of self-bragging and/or competitor insulting unison chanting. Although most stomp & shake cheerleaders are female, a few males also are members of certain (usually university) stomp & shake squads. This particularly appears to be the case among university cheerleading squads that perform stomp & shake cheerleading and mainstream ("traditional") cheerleading.

Like mainstream cheerleading, the purpose of the cheer squad is to increase the enthusiasm of event attendees. However, the focus of stomp and shake cheer squads' performances and their textual (word) cheers are on the cheer squad itself, and not nearly as much as mainstream cheerleading on the football (or basketball) athletic team. Stomp & Shake is a relatively new form of cheerleading.

The earliest documentation that I've found for stomp & shake cheerleading is the early to mid 1970s at Virginia State University's cheerleading squad (the "Woo Woos) and in the late 1970s at Winston-Salem State University cheerleading squads (known as "Cheer Phi" and later as "the Red Team" and the "White Team").

Some, but not all university based stomp & shake cheerleaders include vocalizations of yelps (also informally referred to as "calls", "cries", and yells as part of their cheers. The vocalization of yelps (cries, yells) while cheering particularly appears to be a characteristic of Winston-Salem State University's (WSSU's) cheerleading style. WSSU's yelp is usually written as "Eeee-yiiip!" or similar spellings. Rightly or wrongly, fans of WSSU indicate that other cheerleading squads from other Historically Black Colleges and Universities' cheerleading squads that use this yelp "stole it" from WSSU.

because Winston-Salem State University's cheerleading squad continues to greatly influence American high school and younger stomp & shake cheerleading squads, their "yelp" vocalization is also found among those squads.

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VIDEO OF BLACK FRATERNITY AND SORORITY CALLS
Greek Speak Roll Call



UABStudentLife, Published on Sep 19, 2008

Check out the eight organizations of UAB's NPHC.
-snip-
Selected comments:
1. ninjapoodle22, 2009
"I see my soRHOrs! EEEEE-YIP!"
-snip-
soRHOrs = Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.

**
2. t goodwill, 2011
Even though imma ZETA, i was jamming to SGRho's Roll call..LOL get it ladies!

ZZZZZZ-Yip!!
-snip-
"Zeta" - a member of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,Inc.

Notice that "ZZZZZZ-Yip"!! is a combination of the Zeta's signature call and Sigma Gamma Rho's signature call.

**
3. BUTLERU, 2011
"EEEEEEEEEEEEEE-YIP SIGMA SORORS!"

**
4. MonaJalisa90, 2013
"I agree 100%! Luckily, Sigma Gamma Rho doesn't have to deal with such drama lol
EEE-YIP!"
-snip-
That video and three other videos of historically Black fraternity and sorority calls are embedded in the pancocojams post whose link is given above as http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2013/09/seven-videos-of-black-greek-fraternity.html.

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EXAMPLE OF A WSSU STOMP & SHAKE CHEER THAT INCLUDES A YELP (CALL)
SAY IT IN OUR FACE
Eeeyep!
Fight fight the power,
Hey go head go head.
Hey fight fight he power.
Go head go head.
Hey fight the power.
We are the Rams
And we stay on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it to our face. Haw!
Hey fight the power
Hey fight the power,
Say what
Say what
We are the Rams
And we get on your case.
If you have something to say
Say it in our face.
Say it in our face.
Say it
in
our
face.
HAWHHHHH!
-Winston-Salem State University WSSU Cheer Phi Cheerleaders,
transcription posted by SAC010 in that video's discussion thread by secalong, February 2011 (along with some transcription by Azizi Powell)

*This is the second cheer in that video. I previously (erroneously?) gave the title for that cheer as "Fight The Power".

Here's that video:

WSSU CHEERLEADERS GETTIN' CRUNK



ORIGINALCHEERPHI, Published on Feb 22, 2008

WSSU CHEERLEADERS SHOWING U HOW IT SHOULD BE DONE AT THE ULTIMATE CHEER & DANCE EXPERIENCE TRIAD HIGH SCHOOL CHEERLEADING COMPETITION 2007

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TWO ADDITIONAL VIDEOS AND SELECTED COMMENTS FROM TWO ADDITIONAL YOUTUBE DISCUSSION THREADS ABOUT STOMP AND SHAKE CHEERLEADER YELPS
WSSU CHEERLEADERS FOR MTV



Flow Child Entertainment Published on Sep 24, 2008

WSSU Cheerleaders tryout for MTV Show
-snip-
Selected comments:
1. Tez Parker, 2011
"Ayyyy dey betta do it!! Eeeoooppp!"

**
3.Asha Broo, 2012
"is that that guy going '' yyyyeepp'' lmaoo"

**
3. AORaines, 2013
"Love the originality, the loudness, and the enthusiasm but cheerleaders don't woo nor eyyyupp....not sorority cheerleaders
-snip-
This comment indicates that stomp & shake cheerleading isn't really cheerleading because of the way that they perform. The commenter is also disparages WSSU's squad by referring to them as "sorority cheerleaders".

"Woo" here probably refers to Virginia State University's cheerleading squad that is known as "the Woo Woos". Unlike WSSU, it doesn't appear that the squad vocalizes "woo woo". Instead, "woo woo" is a vocalization of admiration and support is vocalized by that squad's fans. Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blDqcHBu-Cs for a 2008 video of VSU's Woo Woos peforming their popular and often imitated cheer "Work It". At the end of that video, a male fan yells "Woo! Woo!".

**
4. pdga9205,2013
"Y'all remind me of FSU (Fayetteville state) cheerleaders especially with the eeeyyyooppp thing!"
**
Reply
5. RJRDEMONS, 2013
"WSSU its there original song they made in 2002"

**
6. dstgirl9of9, 2014
"FSU got thier eeyyooppp from WSSU! "
-snip-
"FSU" here refers to Fayette State University (North Carolina)

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NC A&T Cheerleaders (Aggie Cheer) / Powerhouse National Competition (Stomp and Shake)



Kevin Crawford Published on Mar 17, 2017
-SNIP-
Selected comments:
1. Midget Catfish, 2017
"Why are they making the sghro call?"

**
2. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"They killed it! How come the make the same noise that WSSU cheerleaders make? (Eee-yup) or it just sounds similar?"

**
Reply
3. nevano, 2017
"Ashley Monique Styles If I'm not mistaken, I believe that's the call for Cheerleaders that are apart of the cheer world. I won't say too much cause I don't wanna stomp on any toes."

**
Reply
4. Ashley Monique Styles, 2017
"nevano hmm I wonder if it's certain Colleges. When I cheered, we had our own call."

**
5. Lilly, 2017
"They sound like cheering AKA's"
-snip-
"AKA's" = members of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.
The signature AKA call is a high pitched, usually extended "Skeeeee- weeee!"

**
6. Takiya Eiland, 2017
"I know they are not eee-yip in"
-snip-
This comment probably is a put-down of North Carolina's A&T cheerleaders for doing the yelp (call, cry) that is associated with WSSU's cheerleaders.

**
7. OrbiT BabE, 2017
"The squeak gave me life"

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Visitor comments are welcome.
          Tour de Hongrie: a finn bajnok hosszú szökés végén orrhosszal nyert!   
A finn bajnok, Matti Manninen hosszú szökés után néhány méternyi előnnyel nyerte meg a Tour de Hongrie harmadik szakaszát. A remekül hajrázó ausztrál Sunderland visszaszerezte a sárga trikót, míg a legjobb magyar, Peák Barna egy bukás után tudott visszazárkózni a legjobbak közé. A Nemzetközi Kerékpáros Szövetség (UCI) Europe Tour sorozatában szereplő, 2.2-es kategóriájú nemzetközi országúti kerékpárverseny 25 országból érkezett 106 fős mezőnye hat nap alatt 750+1 kilométert tesz meg a július 2-i budapesti befutóig. Két kitűnő paksi judós, a háromszoros olimpikon, világbajnoki ezüstérmes Bor Barna és a Grand Slam-győztes riói olimpikon, Cirjenics Miklós rajtoltatja a mezőnyt. Amelyben már csak 101 bringás tekert. Csütörtökön öten vettek búcsút a Magyar Körversenytől: a csíkszeredai Tusnádból Novák Károly és Sebestyén Szabolcs, a Bátorfi-Trek Teamből Szalontay Sándor és Szeghalmi Bálint, illetve a Kőbánya Cycling Teamből Lóki Bence. A hosszú, sík szakasz nagy hőségben és enyhe szélben kezdődött, az első részhajráig néhány eredménytelen szökési kísérlet után az argentin Velazquez szerezte meg a gyorsasági hajrá első helyét. Ezt követően egy nagyobb bukás borzolta a kedélyeket, amelynek végén az eritreai Habtomot kórházba kellett vinni, a hírek szerint szerencsére nem komol a baj. A bukás izgalmai közepette két részre szakadt a mezőny, de az elöl tekerő huszonhét bringás csak néhány percig gondolhatott arra, hogy esetleg sikerre viheti a szökést, mert az üldözők ezt nem engedték. Féltávnál, Bugyi felé közeledve lépett el három kerekes a többiektől, a finn bajnoki mezt viselő Manninen, a belga Donders és a szlovák Palcak ezt követően sorra gyűjtötte be a részhajrá sikereket, úgy, hogy közben a mezőny nem engedte két és fél percnél messzebbre őket. Ötven kilométerre a céltól a debreceniek keveredtek bukásba, aminek egy kerékpár és egy kerékpáros látta a kárát, Fegyveres Máté kénytelen volt feladni a versenyt, míg a nagyot bukó Peák Barnát a társai igyekeztek megmenteni: a zúzódásokat szenvedő fehér trikóst felzárkóztatták a mezőnyhöz. A hajrához közeledve csökkent Manninenék előnye, már-már úgy látszott, hogy a ceglédi körpályán utolérik a szökevényeket, de a finn bajnok minden erejét összeszedve kitartott a célig: néhány méterrel előzte meg a világbajnok sprintert, az ausztrál Sunderlandet. „Nagyon izgalmas volt a vége, hihetetlenül közel kerültek hozzánk az üldözőink, nem is voltam benne biztos, hogy sikerül megcsinálni. Nagyon örülök, hogy végül maradt egy kicsi az előnyömből! – mondta a szakaszgyőztes, akit a következő napról is megkérdeztek: – Holnap nagyon más lesz, a hegyi szakasz nem nekem való, a csapatom hegyimenőit fogom segíteni, hogy újabb szakaszgyőzelmet érhessünk el.“ Harmadik lett a szökevények közül a belga Donners is, míg a magyarok közül a kőbányai Móricz Dániel a tizedik helyen ért célba. Peák Barnabás is az élbolyban érkezett be, így megtartotta előkelő harmadik helyét az összetett versenyben! „Ötvennel a vége előtt történhetett a bukás, ne is beszéljünk róla! – mondta bosszúsan Peák Barna, akinek a sérüléseit a befutó után a mentősök látták el. A karján, vállán, hátán és csípőján is horzsolások díszítik, de ezekre a sérülésekre csak legyintett, szombaton a királyetapon is a legjobbját akarja majd nyújtani. A Kontent-DKSI reménysége szombaton a legjobb magyart illető celeste-zöld mezt viselheti majd. EREDMÉNYEK 3. szakasz, Paks–Cegléd (178 km): 1. Matti Manninen (finn, Team FixIT) 3:46:58 2. Jelle Donders (belga, Differdange-Losch) azonos idővel 3. Scott Sunderland (ausztrál, IsoWhey Sports SwissWellness) a. i. 4. Carlos Eduardo Alzate (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) a. i. 5. Meron Teshome (eritreai, Bike Aid) a. i. 6. Daniel Jaramillo Diez (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) a. i. 10. Móricz Dániel (magyar, Kőbánya Cycling Team) a. i. 15. Peák Barnabás (magyar, DKSI-Kontent) a. i. Összetett verseny az OPEL Nagydíjért: 1. (sárga mezben) Scott Sunderland (ausztrál, IsoWhey Sports SwissWellness) 7:10:27 2. Ziga Jerman (szlovén, Rog Ljubljana) 4 mp h. 3. Peák Barnabás (magyar, Kontent-DKSI) 9 mp h. 4. Daniel Jaramillo Diez (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) 14 mp h. 5. Carlos Eduardo Alzate (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) a. i. 6. Amanuel Ghebreigzabhier (eritreai, Dimension Data for Qhubeka) 16 mp h. Gyorsasági pontverseny a EUROPCAR Nagydíjért: 1. (zöld mezben) Matti Manninen (finn, Team FixIT) Hegyi pontverseny a SLÁGER FM Nagydíjért: 1. (piros mezben) Amanuel Ghebreigzabhier (eritreai, Dimension Data for Qhubeka) A legjobb U23-as versenyző a BRINGAAKADÉMIA Nagydíjért: 1. (fehér mezben) Ziga Jerman (szlovén, Ljubljana) A legjobb magyar versenyző a BIANCHI Nagydíjért: 1. (celeste mezben) Peák Barnabás (Kontent-DKSI) A teljes eredménylista: KLIKK IDE! Következik! A Karcag és Miskolc között kijelölt 177 kilométeres útvonalon egy első kategóriás emelkedőt is megmászva teljesítik a távot a versenyzők. A szakasz során három gyorsasági (Poroszló, Mezőcsát és Miskolc) és egy hegyi (Bükkszentkereszt) részhajrára is sor kerül. Rajt: 2017. július 1. szombat, 13:00, Karcag, Kossuth tér Várható befutó: 17:30, Miskolc, Szent István tér (1 kör) Kinek kedvez: a bükkszentkereszti emelkedőre vezető hosszú, meredek emelkedő miatt elsősorban a jó hegyimenők lehetnek előnyben, de a hegycsúcstól a miskolci célig hátralévő csaknem 25 kilométeren a bátran lejtőző tempómenők is esélyesek lehetnek a szakaszgyőzelemre. Az összetett verseny szempontjából ez a szakasz is sorsdöntő lehet. Várható útlezárások A Tour de Hongrie 4. szakasza során Karcag és Miskolc között 177 kilométert tesz meg a mezőny, amely 13:00 órakor indul útjára a karcagi Kossuth térről. A karaván a Karcag, Kunmadaras, Tiszaörs, Tiszaigar, Tiszafüred, Poroszló, Borsodivánka, Négyes, Tiszavalk, Tiszabábolna, Tiszadorogma, Ároktő, Mezőcsát, Hejőkeresztúr, Ónod, Sajópetri, Kistokaj, Miskolc-Szirma, Bükkszentkereszt, Lillafüred, Miskolc (cél) útvonalon jut el a célig. Az útvonal egyes szakaszain teljes útlezárás, máshol rövid ideig tartó mozgó útzár óvja a versenyzők biztonságát. A városokban várható zárásokról a csatolt dokumentumokból tájékozódhatnak. Az esetleges kényelmetlenségekért a közlekedők megértését kérik a szervezők! Tour de Hongrie a TV képernyőjén és az interneten A Tour de Hongrie történetében másodszor követhetik majd a nézők élő televíziós közvetítésen keresztül az eseményeket! A televízióban a versenyről minden nap élőben közvetít a DIGI Sport, az interneten pedig az Origo Sport, esténként pedig az M4 Sport sugároz 25 perces összefoglalót a nap eseményeiről (érdemes követni a műsorújságokat, mert az adásokat mindkét televíziós csatorna megismétli). A közvetítéseket, összefoglalókat az alábbi időpontokban láthatják: Július 1., szombat (4. szakasz, Karcag–Miskolc) 12:45–18:00: DIGI Sport 1 (élő) 12:45–18:00: Origo Sport (élő) 22:45: M4 Sport (összefoglaló) Július 2., vasárnap (5. szakasz, Jászberény–Budapest) 14:30–18:00: DIGI Sport 1 (élő) 14:30–18:00: Origo Sport (élő) 22:30: M4 Sport (összefoglaló) Az eseményeket figyelemmel kísérhetik a viadal hivatalos honlapján, a Tdh.hu […]
          Tour de Hongrie: szlovén győzelem, magyar dobogó a második szakaszon!   
A szlovén Ziga Jerman győzelmével ért véget a Tour de Hongrie második, Velence és Siófok között zajló szakasza, amelynek végén az ifjú reménység, Peák Barnabás is felállhatott a dobogóra. A Nemzetközi Kerékpáros Szövetség (UCI) Europe Tour sorozatában szereplő, 2.2-es kategóriájú nemzetközi országúti kerékpárverseny 25 országból érkezett 106 fős mezőnye hat nap alatt 750+1 kilométert tesz meg a július 2-i budapesti befutóig. Velencéről rajtolt csütörtök délután a Tour de Hongrie második szakasza, s az előzmények után igen ijesztő volt, hogy néhány perccel a rajt előtt leszakadt az ég a Velencei tó partján. Amint ismeretes, szerdán ítéletidő miatt kellett félbeszakítani a Tour de Hongrie első szakaszát: a nemzetközi kerékpárverseny mezőnye még szikrázó napsütésben indult útjára Keszthely kikötője mellől, ám Sümegnél nem jutott tovább: a Zalában tomboló szupercella miatt a szervezők véget vetettek a küzdelemnek. A kerékpárosokat szerencsére időben el tudták szállítani a helyszínről, így a lecsapó viharnak nem lett sérültje, sem a Tour mezőnyéből, sem a népes, csaknem háromszáz fős szervező-közreműködő csapatból. „A verseny tekintetében ilyen esetben is a Nemzetközi Kerékpáros Szövetség, az UCI szabályzata az irányadó. Amikor megállítottuk a mezőnyt, a szabályok szerint még lett volna lehetőségünk alternatív útvonalon megközelíteni a célt, de egyrészt így is át kellett volna haladnunk a viharzónán, másrészt azt az információt kaptuk, hogy már nincs hová befutni, a zalaegerszegi célterületet is letarolta a vihar – mondta Mamuzsics László, a versenybíróság vezetője. – Az UCI meghatározza, hogy ilyenkor mi a teendő, mivel a kerékpárosok nem teljesítették az előírt táv nyolcvan százalékát, így a szakaszt törölni kell, az itt elért eredmények nem számítanak sem az összetett versenyben, sem a pontversenyekben. A döntést a résztvevő csapatok vezetői és maguk a versenyzők is elfogadták, egyetlen panasz sem érkezett hozzánk ezzel kapcsolatban.“ A fentiek miatt a szombathelyi prológ győztese, az ausztrál Scott Sunderland viselte a sárga trikót, Szalontay Sándor a legjobb sprinternek járó zöldet, Peák Barnabás a legjobb 23 évnél fiatalabbat illető fehéret, Lovassy Krisztián pedig a legjobb magyar celeste-zöld mezét húzhatta fel. Koszti András, Velence polgármestere és világjáró hajósunk, Fa Nándor indította útjára a mezőnyt. Utóbbi talán azt is mondta a kerékpárosoknak, hogy “Jó szelet!” Mert viharos szélben indult ez a nap. Az első sprintet Kápolnásnyéknél a szerb Kalaba nyerte, majd következett a nap egyetlen hegyi hajrája, ami az eritreai Ghebreigzabhier sikerét hozta, így biztossá vált, hogy pénteken övé lesz a piros mez. Aligha tévedünk, ha kijelentjük: ő a Tour de Hongrie első eritreai színes trikósa. Öt bringás lépett el a mezőnytől, s a szökésben benne volt a magyar Dina Márton is. A szökevények begyűjtötték a székesfehérvári és a nádasdladányi gyorsasági hajrát is, mindkétszer a szerb Danilovics nyert, de a bolyt nem engedte messzire a mezőny. Siófok határában két szerb versenyző lépett el a többiektől, de a Balaton partra vezető kanyargós úton rosszul kanyarodtak, de az őket üldöző mezőny is elvétette a helyes utat. A zsűri gyors döntést hozott, a siófoki körpályán – ahol három kör várt a mezőnyre – a célvonalon megállította a kerekeseket, a két szökevényt az előnyének megfelelően elengedte (így a kényszerpihenő nem befolyásolta a szakasz végkimenetelét), majd megkezdődött az üldözés. A szerb válogatottak egy körön át tudták tartani az előnyüket, onnan a sprinterek csapatai, főleg az ausztrálok, az amerikaiak és a szlovénok vették át az irányítást. A szűk, csúszós kanyarokban történt néhány bukás, ami darabokra szabdalta a mezőnyt, így nagyjából húsz kerekes indult az élen az utolsó rohamra. A sárga trikósnak remekül vezették fel a sprintet, de az utolsó kanyarban Peák Barna is kedvező pozíciót harcolt ki magának, a sprint végén azonban a szlovén Ziga Jerman örülhetett: megnyerte a Tour de Hongrie második szakaszát. Sunderland lett a második, Peák Barnabás pedig ezen a napon is bravúros eredményt ért el: a prológ után ismét harmadik lett! „Igyekeztünk tartani a szökést, hogy ne legyen olyan nagy előnye, mint tegnap. Szerencsére a legjobb sprinterek csapatai nem voltak benne a szökésben, ezért tudtuk, hogy nem fog hazaérni. Szerettem volna a legjobb tíz között bejönni, ez sikerült. Nagyon sok bukás volt a siófoki körökben, az életem kockáztattam a kanyarokban, így előre tudtam jönni a végére, és harmadik lettem a sprinten, elégedett vagyok ezzel az eredménnyel. A következő szakaszon szökéssel nem fogok próbálkozni, mert nem fognak elengedni, de a sprintre rá fogok menni holnap is“ – nyilatkozta a magyar kerékpársportba üstökösként berobbanó tehetség, Peák Barna. EREDMÉNYEK 2. szakasz, Velence–Siófok (138 km): 1. Jerman Ziga (szlovén, Ljubljana) 3:22:37 2. Scott Sunderland (ausztrál, IsoWhey Sports SwissWelness) azonos idővel 3. Peák Barnabás (magyar, Kontent-DKSI) 1 mp h. 4. Carlos Alzate Escobar (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) a. i. 5. Angelo De Clercq (belga, Marlux-Napoleon Games) a. i. 6. Cristian Raileanu (moldovai, Differdange-Losch) a. i. Összetett verseny az OPEL Nagydíjért: 1. (sárga mezben) Jerman Ziga (szlovén, Ljubljana) 3:23:33 2. Scott Sunderland (ausztrál, IsoWhey Sports SwissWelness) azonos idővel 3. Peák Barnabás (magyar, Kontent-DKSI) 5 mp h. 4. Daniel Jaramillo Diez (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) 10 mp h. 5. Carlos Alzate Escobar (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) a. i. 6. Nicholas Dlamini (dél-afrikai, Differdange-Losch) 12 mp h. Gyorsasági pontverseny a EUROPCAR Nagydíjért: 1. (zöld mezben) Ziga Jerman (szlovén, Ljubljana) Hegyi pontverseny a SLÁGER FM Nagydíjért: 1. (piros mezben) Amanuel Ghebreigzabhier (eritreai, Dimension Data for Qhubeka) A legjobb U23-as versenyző a BRINGAAKADÉMIA Nagydíjért: 1. (fehér mezben) Ziga Jerman (szlovén, Ljubljana) A legjobb magyar versenyző a BIANCHI Nagydíjért: 1. (celeste mezben) Peák Barnabás (Kontent-DKSI) A teljes eredménylista: KLIKK IDE! Következik! A Paks és Cegléd között kijelölt 178 kilométeres útvonalon gyakorlatilag teljesen sík pályán teljesítik a távot a versenyzők. A szakasz során három gyorsasági (Dunaföldvár, Bugyi és Csemő) részhajrára is sor kerül. A befutó előtt Cegléden két kört is teljesít majd a mezőny. Rajt: 2017. június 30. péntek, 13:45, Paks, Gagarin utca Várható befutó: 18:30, Cegléd, Kossuth tér (2 kör) Kinek kedvez: a nehéz, sík alföldi szakaszon a versenyzők legnagyobb ellenfele a szél (vagy nagy hőség esetén a szélcsend) lehet, a sík befutónál a sprinterek csatája várható. Várható útlezárások A Tour de Hongrie 3. szakasza során Paks és Cegléd között 178 kilométert tesz meg a mezőny, amely 13:45 órakor indul útjára a paksi Gagarin utcából. A karaván a Paks, Madocsa, Bölcske, Dunaföldvár, Solt, Dunavecse, Dömsöd, Kiskunlacháza, Bugyi, Dabas-Sári, […]
          Migránsok verekedtek össze Calais-ban   
Száz eritreai és etiópiai migráns esett egymásnak szombat délután, többen megsérültek.
          16 injured as African migrants clash in France   
Riot police stepped in to break up clashes among some 100 African migrants armed with sticks and rocks in the northern French city of Calais on Saturday, local police said, following similar brawls the night before. The fighting pitting Eritreans against Ethiopians left 16 migrants injured and around 10 have been arrested, police official Etienne Desplanques […]
          Media distortions: Is the West's interest too good to divulge Ethiopia's track record of instability?   
Deadly stampede in Bishoftu, Ethiopia on October 2, 2016 after police fired tear gas at protesters during a religious festival (ZACHARIAS ABUBEKER/AFP/GETTY IMAGES)




Media distortions: Is the West’s interest too good to divulge Ethiopia’s track record of instability?

By Simon Hagos and Ruth Tesfamariam
EPLF HGDEF VISION NET

The vain attempt by western powers and their soft power tools to portray Ethiopia as a stable and regional superpower to recon is slowly abrading. It is worth noting that, Ethiopia is a product of western powers strategy in which a meticulously crafted policy of “creating chaos and manage them” can benefit handsomely. Particularly, the US’s deep-rooted zeal to world domination and hegemonic supremacy resulted in a country that is more divided and socioeconomically obliterated. But this is not only limited to Ethiopia. To quench this hegemonic and imperial ambitions throughout the world, the US pioneered Machiavellian dogmas like democracy, globalization, human rights issues, freedom of speech, civil liberties and countless of shenanigans that comes with it. Audaciously, they called it a pledge which deceptively elucidated “the developing countries would benefit tremendously and prosper through the free exercise of economic and political activity.”

As Africans, we should find it necessary to ask, is this golden route towards economic progression and democratization merely a chimera? Because western powers are very effectual in using their soft power tools to augment their geo-political interest. East African politics is a prime example of how the west operate and employ their creating “chaos and manage them” strategy. It is absolutely spellbinding to observe their ability to portray a kleptocratic governments like TPLF in Ethiopia, Ismaïl Omar Guelleh of Djibouti, Yoweri Museveni of Uganda etc. as democratically elected governments even though they keep wangling votes. Ethiopia is an epitome of this strategy, because for the past 25 years they absolutely persuaded the world that Ethiopia, a country known for its brutal crackdown of protestors, imprisonment of journalists, attacking fundamental human rights, invading neighboring countries, and a country with calamitous natural disasters like famine as a shining star in a volatile region. Historically flimsy, the west’s interest is too good to expose this kleptocratic government, so they refrained from divulging Ethiopia’s track record of instability.

What is their interest in Ethiopia?

The conclusion of second world had two important outcomes. The resurgence of the US and USSR as world super powers and the subsequent beginning of cold war era. These two important historical events had its own geo-political implications in our region. Starting from 1950’s up until 1991, the US and USSR fought nail and tooth to solidify their presence in the Eastern part of Africa and the Red Sea region. Because, dominating these two important geo-political locations of the world means having the ability to project power and dominate the Middle East. A recipe for more complication, at the center of this political and diplomatic battle was, a little known Italian colony in the Horn part of Africa called, Eritrea. A country located at a vital geo-political location that, controlling it would allow these two giant powers with imperialistic ambitions to project power with full force. Thus, at different historical moments, both the US and USSR scrambled to attain this important geo-political location by supporting a weak and fragile country south to Eritrea. It was this ambition that prompted them look to this historically volatile and socio-politically frail country.

To fully comprehend how this frail country came to existence and the reason behind US administrations tolerance towards its pugnaciousness, one would need to go back through history and have clear understanding of the evolution of Ethiopia. There is hardly a room for debate, whether the so called “modern Ethiopia” existed 100 years ago. Because when the record tidied, history vociferously speaks the country we call Ethiopia today was non-existent 100 years ago. It should not even be taken as a vicious rhetoric when stated, it was after 1950’s that the west fabricated this over hyped narrative of “Great Ethiopia.” Thus, the perception of stable, strong and cohesive Ethiopia is a myth compounded by fallacious historical events. For example, Ethiopia granted the acquisition of Ogaden, a vast region within the state of Somalia after its war with the country. And after the fall of the Derg regime, the west fervidly backed TPLF to fully disintegrate Somalia through proxy wars and cultivating terrorist elements. This process allowed Ethiopia to create a frail and completely crumbled nation in its southern border.

The forceful efforts of the west to federate Eritrea with Ethiopia also fits the overall picture. Because, is imperative to understand the process of creating this insubstantial country. When Italy lost all its colonies to the allied forces, the British Administration in Eritrea coerced the people of Eritrea to accept federation with their friend and puppet country, Ethiopia. This was part of their bigger agenda designed to control Eritrea and its geo-political advantages. Because Ethiopia without Eritrea was not vital for their projection of power. Thus, in 1950’s even though, against the idea of federation, the people of Eritrea forced to accept federation. Extreme as it might sound, the United Nations sent an envoy to draft and ratify the Eritrean constitution, elect an Eritrean assembly and basically establish a puppet government before federating it with Ethiopia. The US Ambassador to the UN, John Foster Dulles, famously declared: “From the point of view of justice, the opinions of the Eritrean people must receive consideration. Nevertheless, the strategic interest of the United States in the Red Sea basin and the considerations of security and world peace make it necessary that the country has to be linked with our ally Ethiopia.”

Because of its calamity, instability, fragility, and historical tendencies to produce puppet governments, Ethiopia receives tremendous diplomatic, political and economic support. The Western media highly praised for its role in stabilizing the region, reducing poverty, achieving exemplary projects by collaborating with European powers and probably one of the few African countries heading to a road for democratization. But recent events in the country and throughout the region exposed this carefully crafted and erected inaccurate and misleading perception of the country that historically known to be disruptive, unstable, and topsy-turvy.

How is Ethiopia’s instability and frail socio-political structure affects their long-term interest in the country?

I.  Democracy and civil liberties:

In July 7, 2009, the Ethiopian regime enacted an Anti-Terrorism proclamation of 652/2009 of 2009. Since its enactment, the legislation has severing consequences to freedom of expression, access to information, association and peaceful assembly, as well as independent human rights monitoring. Thus far, the regime has arrested more than 200 journalists and civil right activists, which made the country one of the deadliest environment for journalists to operate. This proclamation made peaceful protest in Ethiopia as an act of terrorism, which resulted in a brutal suppression of demonstrations, and resulted a complete chaotic country. Currently, the government installed a state of emergency to hold on the grip of power and the international community and mainly those who claim to advocate for civil liberties, miserably failed to hold the regime accountable. Western media eschew from exposing the regime’s brutal crackdown of protesters, journalists and bloggers for more than 20 years, except some small media outlets and ineffectual civil liberty organizations like Freedom voicing their concern. Accoring to Freedom House the regime created the worst environment for a journalist to operate in the world. “Ethiopia’s media environment is one of the most restrictive in Sub-Saharan Africa. The government of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn continues to use the country’s draconian antiterrorism law and other legal measures to silence critical journalists and bloggers. The government employs a variety of strategies to maintain a stranglehold on the flow of information; these includes outright censorship of newspapers and the internet; arbitrary detention and intimidation of journalists and bloggers; and heavy taxation on the publishing process.”

In 2016, Ethiopia ravaged by political crisis when the people took the streets by surprise and demanded the regime in Addis Ababa to vacate power. As protestors clashed with security forces, close to 1500 demonstrators murdered by special forces and 1000s more jailed. During the time when the political crisis was at its tipping point, western powers vehemently repudiated the political crisis and resisted to accept the calamity inside Ethiopia. Currently, Ethiopia is in a “state of emergency” and the government shut down internet to silence local journalists. During the opening remarks by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein at a press conference during his mission to Ethiopia on May 4, 2017, the Higher commissioner deliberately detailed deceiving statements that did not reflect the reality on the ground. Even though Zeid Ra’ad clearly stated “this repression may lead to violence. When governments uphold the people's rights to freedom of information, expression, peaceful assembly and association – including their right to demonstrate peacefully in defense of critical views – they are building the foundations of a stronger, more confident society.”, the higher commissioner also fervently argued “Ethiopia's extensive contributions to peace and security across the African continent, and its notable acceptance of millions of refugees” should be the bigger picture that the international community needs to focus.

II.   Its economy and efforts to secure food security:

In economy, Ethiopia portrayed by western governments, NGO’s and the media as the giant power that could diversify its economy. Almost yearly, International Monetary Fund forecast Ethiopian economy to grow tremendously. But, bewildering least to say, its vulnerability comes out when WFO and WHO forecast possible famine and food shortages in the country. For example, in 2017 IMF forecasted the country’s economy would show robust growth of 7.5–8 percent. Public investment was expected to moderate, while private investment projected to increase. Even though IMF predicted an economic growth of 7.5-8 percent, severe drought had a devastating impact on agricultural production which resulted high inflation. More than 9 million of its people are at an emergency starvation crisis. Ethiopia is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa that has acute food insecurity which currently worsened by resurging drought which is affecting the South-Eastern part of Ethiopia the most. Ethiopia is by far the only East African country that cannot secure households to a predictable safety net.

III.  Contributing to regional instability:

TPLF’s willingness to subjugate itself to western powers at the expense of others created an environment that contributed to conflicts, economic stagnation and falling states throughout the region. For example, Ethiopia’s decision to go to war with Eritrea in 1998 cost both countries an imaginable resource both in material and human resources. For example, ever since EEBC deliberated a decision that granted Eritrea the town of Badme, the US government encouraged the government in Addis Ababa to provoke and when possible invade Eritrea. According to recent leaked classified documents by WikiLeaks, US strategically worked with Ethiopia in creating a conflict with Eritrea and finalize its long shoot objective of securing its geo-political interest in Eritrea.

The US embassy in Addis Ababa continuous assessment of the willingness and possible ways where the Ethiopian population would want to go to war with Eritrea despite the negative consequences of renewed conflict between the neighboring countries:

(S/NF) Prime Minister Meles would have an extremely difficult time gaining popular support and preparing the Ethiopia public for war. Few want renewed conflict, and most view the past war as a conflict by Tigray and the Meles government, not of the Ethiopian people. While the conflict in Somalia is a strategic issue, renewed conflict with Eritrea is seen as a personal issue between two leaders trying to settle private scores. Despite the dominance of state-run media, mere rhetoric on the threat from Eritrea would have little effect in swaying the vast majority of the Ethiopian population. There would need to be some multiple series of actions by Eritrea to incite general support for renewed conflict: e.g., assassination of leaders in Addis Ababa, terrorist attacks against the general Ethiopian population, and a limited and specific military attack by Eritrea against Ethiopia along the border. No one action is sufficient to renew total conflict by Ethiopia against Eritrea, except to respond to “total” war by Eritrea.

The US’s role in isolating Eritrea and working with Prime minister Meles Zenawi in creating another failed in the northern part of Ethiopia:

(S/NF) But now, Meles sees that this approach must be modified to include more vocal criticism of Eritrea as a “rogue state” sponsoring terrorism and seeking to destabilize the region. The Foreign Ministry has pressed the international community to openly criticize Eritrea, and wants to introduce UN Security Council resolutions and African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC) communiques condemning Eritrea as a state sponsor of terrorism. Further, Meles has elevated Eritrean opposition groups in Ethiopia, designating GOE State Ministers, rather than office directors, to deal with them. Meles is also carefully working the Sanaa Forum and IGAD to increase pressure and isolation of Eritrea: Eritrea’s recent decision to suspend participation in IGAD followed an April 13 IGAD Ministerial communique endorsing Ethiopian actions in Somalia as “fully consistent” with the region’s goals. Meles has commented to us that he is in a “bind”. He does not want, nor can he afford, to go to war with Eritrea, because it will divert resources from the more important goal of stabilizing Somalia for now and perhaps Sudan down the road. For now, Ethiopia will not go to war with Isaias and will not take any extraordinary measures to neutralize him, but expects the international community to pressure Isaias on his destabilizing activities. We have assured Meles that we recognize Eritrea’s unhelpful activities, but that Meles should focus on our mutually shared efforts in Somalia: providing force protection for AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, support for Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG), and security at the airport and seaport and for the upcoming national reconciliation conference.

Conclusion

Ethiopia’s instability, fragility and susceptibility to creating weak governments are too good of an interest for the International community and the US to divulging Ethiopia’s track record of instability. The regime in Ethiopia and its media cronies kept pontificating the core interest of the regime in Addis Ababa is, reducing poverty with an absolute dedication in formulating cordial collaboration spirit with its neighboring countries. But this redundant argument colludes with the reality that, this country has been hobbled towards a future to nowhere ever since its creation. Anyone who followed this region for the past twenty years would have rejoiced with an absolute impunity to see Ethiopia; a country that depends heavily on handouts, and consistent western subsidies to lead this region towards a new chapter. But the truth is, with its consistent susceptibility to irregular rainfall and famine, one would evade an utter revelry to wake up one day and see Ethiopia amassed close to 103 million population. After all, this is a country that see no ignominy in walking with its arm outstretched. Thus, focusing on economic progress by collaborating with its neighboring countries, and international community is a fabricated narrative.


          New Eritrean Music 2017 - Fiory Tsehaye - Mahazay Shane - Eritrea   

New Eritrean Music 2017 Fiory Tsehaye – ማሓዛይ ሻነ Eritrea. Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Habtay.TV/

© Copyright: Habtay TV 2017 Eritrean Entertainment weekly music,
movies, comedy, interview and more.

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Tags: eritrean eritrea music fiory tsehaye mahazey shane
gepostet: 01 Juli 2017


          Migránsok verekedtek össze, többen kórházba kerültek   
Száz eritreai és etiópiai migráns verekedett össze szombat délután a franciaországi Calais iparterületén, közülük tizenhatot kórházba kellett szállítani sérülés miatt – közölték a helyi hatóságok.
          Gewonden bij vechtpartij tussen migranten in Calais   
NOS Nieuws: Bij de Noord-Franse stad Calais is een massale vechtpartij geweest tussen migranten uit Eritrea en Ethiopië. Zeker zestien mensen zijn gewond geraakt. Ruim honderd migranten sloegen met stokken op elkaar in en gooiden met stenen.
Toegevoegd aan RssOnline.nl op: 01-07-2017 18:57:43
          Reggio: sbarcano domani oltre 400 migranti   

migrantisbarco ildispaccio14aprquaterE' previsto domani 2 luglio, alle ore 8.00 circa, l'arrivo nel Porto di Reggio Calabria della nave "Diciotti" con a bordo 413 migranti, di varie nazionalità : Africa centrale, Senegal, Costa d'Avorio, Guinea Conaky, Bangladesh, Mali, Gambia, Camerun, Nigeria, Biafra, Sudan, Congo, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, Sierra Leone, Togo, Liberia, Eritrea, Ghana, Guinea Bisseaou, Libia e Casamass.

--banner--

Le operazioni di primo soccorso e assistenza, coordinate dalla Prefettura, saranno prestate dal personale della Polizia di Stato, dei Carabinieri, della Guardia di Finanza, del Comune Capoluogo, della Polizia Provinciale, della Capitaneria di Porto, dell'USMAF, del SUEM 118 e dell'Azienda Ospedaliera, della Croce Rossa Italiana, del Coordinamento ecclesiale Migranti della Caritas e da varie altre Associazioni di volontariato.

Al momento dello sbarco i migranti verranno sottoposti alle prime cure sanitarie da parte del personale medico presente sul posto e assistiti dalle Associazioni presenti.

Nell'occasione sarà allestita, a cura della Regione Calabria, la tenda per il trattamento igienico – sanitario dei migranti con patologie cutanee.

I migranti saranno trasferiti secondo il Piano di riparto predisposto dal Ministero dell'Interno.


          The Mangrove Tree: Planting Trees to Feed Families   
The Mangrove Tree: Planting Trees to Feed Families
author: Susan L. Roth
name: Julie
average rating: 4.16
book published: 2011
rating: 4
read at: 2013/04/18
date added: 2013/04/18
shelves: environment, conservation, picture-book, non-fiction, mosaic-project, global
review:
The Mangrove Tree: Planting Trees to Feed Families shares the inspiring story of Dr. Gordon Sato and his work in Eritrea in East Africa. He originally traveled to the arid-coast of Eritrea to help fight famine and found that the indigenous mangrove trees could provide food for herding animals and therefore become a secondary food source for people. He worked closely with villagers in Hargigo how to teach them how to cultivate sustainable mangrove forests to the benefit of the entire community. To learn more about the Manzanar Project, see http://themanzanarproject.com/.

          Canada's 150th birthday an extra-special occasion to become a Canadian   
Naser Osman brought his family to Canada from a refugee camp in Eritrea in 2012, and on Canada Day, the nation’s 150th anniversary of confederation, he became a citizen in a citizenship court at historic Fort Langley. “It’s great, it’s something to remember forever, ” Osman said of the occasion. “Because it’s Canada’s (150th birthday), […]
          16 injured in mass brawl between African migrants in Calais (VIDEO, PHOTO)   
Preview A massive brawl involving at least a hundred African migrants from Eritrea and Ethiopia broke out in northern France’s port city of Calais, which was once home to the notorious ‘Jungle’ refugee camp.
Read Full Article at RT.com
          Comment on Nigeria is God’s creation, says cleric by iwaro kaka   
Mr. man of God you are a liar, God does not dwell in a confused place where the leaders are very corrupt, deaf and dumb. Stop using God name for you Igbo people retreat from you defeated arrogancy which the Arewa youth had meted to the Igbo people. Nigeria will break up whether you like it or not. USSR broke up and heaven did not fall, Chez and Slovakia broke up heaven did not fall, Eritrea broke up from Ethiopia and heaven did not fall. Nigeria will equally break up and heaven will not fall, so stop your nonsense talk that God brought Nigeria together. The British brought us together for the trade benefits now everybody is wise the house will definitely pack up Nigeria will break up in Jesus Name. Amen
          Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba   
Rosa María Payá habla en La Haya sobre información y DDHH en Cuba junio 29, 2017 La opositora cubana Rosa María Payá, intervino el jueves en el evento Border Sessions organizado por Human Rights Foundation (HRF) en La Haya, junto a panelistas de Eritrea y Turquía. Todos abordaron acerca de la situación de sus países […]
          100 fős tömegverekedést rendeztek afrikai migránsok Calaisban, sokan megsérültek   

Világvége 2012
100 fős tömegverekedést rendeztek afrikai migránsok Calaisban, sokan megsérültek

Körülbelül száz eritreai és etiópiai migráns verekedett össze szombat délután a franciaországi Calais iparterületén, közülük tizenhatot kórházba kellett szállítani sérüléseik... VilágLátó Hírmagazin

100 fős tömegverekedést rendeztek afrikai migránsok Calaisban, sokan megsérültek
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          Se vende - precioso Y valioso collar de 33 perlas grises de... - 1.395 €   
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          Afrikai migránsok verekedtek össze Calais-ban   
Körülbelül száz eritreai és etiópiai migráns verekedett össze szombat délután a franciaországi Calais iparterületén, közülük tizenhatot kórházba kellett szállítani sérüléseik miatt - közölték a helyi hatóságok.
          The Agenda of Dismemberment of Ethiopia by the Oromo and the Tigrayan Thugs is now reactive! will You Compromise for it? GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethio Semay)   
The Agenda of Dismemberment of Ethiopia by the Oromo and the Tigrayan Thugs is now reactive! will You Compromise for it?
GETACHEW REDA (Editor Ethio Semay)

Emperor Menlik of Ethiopia the African Hero who defeated the Fascist Italians in Adua

Before I start my commentary, I like to briefly address the rape crime of the Tigrayan-government occurred in Waldiba monastery. http://welkait.com/?p=8544

I hope you heard the news from ESAT that the Tigrayan Fascist gangs are said to be raping the Amhara ethnic nuns who are living inside Waldiba monastery (listen to the video above- though, the back ground music unnecessarily added is nuisance to hear the interview clearly). Sad!

Do we have any answer so far, to the question ‘where Ethiopia is heading under these Tigrayan fascist thugs?!!!!!!!!??  

Hearing this, it is been hard to write anything now. It is shocking news for me. Let me take you slowly to my commentary, since it is shocking news ever heard in our history- even during Grang Ahmed or Italian colonialist era.

Forgive me for not using the Amharic language this time to address my commentary. I wrote this commentary in English to make sure the Oromo youths (who do not read Amharic) understand our arguments that their elites are leading them with fake nationalism to create another round of destruction and civil war in Ethiopia. It is been proven time after time as we speak, the elites will not be affected directly by the conflicts. Because they lived in Europe, USA and in the Arab countries with their families and millions of Oromo youth without sharing the Oromo sufferings in “practice”, but strangely, dampening the flames of ethnic conflict among our people from thousands of Miles away from home is what they are engaged.


So we advice the OLF and TPLF followers (educated or not- all walks of life) need to  understand that their organizations are in the business of ethnic cleansing politics by destroying Ethiopia, which they referred it as the land of “Amhara” and “Orthodox Christianity”.

Since 1991, Both OLF and TPLF attacked our flag referring it as “CherQ!” (OLF created its flag---- and TPLF painted a blue color and communist Star in the middle of our flag) intentionally to degrade the flag highly feared by colonialist.

The next was Orthodox Christianity. Amhara labeled as its protectorate. Tefera Waluwa/Sebhat and others speak of it “Orthodox is the cave for the Amhara, so need to be destroyed”.

The next target was the Amhara and all Ethiopian farmers. Nationalizing lands from the hands of the Ethiopian farmers is a well studied plan by TPLF (OLF) to refuse the Amhara from taking over the lands back to their hands again (Meles told the CIA Cohen).

The next step is the final blow, that is “dismantling Ethiopia” (the land of Amahra and Christians) which is now reactive by proclamation.

The recent proclamation of giving away Addis Abeba to the so called Oromo/Oromia/ by the Tigrayans in power is part of what I called it “Agenda 91”. It was a plan agreed to be controlled by OLF, if not by its surrogate OPDO. The OLF elites told us “Slowly, but “surely” we will control Addis”. And Assefa Jaleta and his likes of OLF vowed “once we control Addis (Finfine), we will open an exit corridor for the Amhara”.

Mohammed Hassen hailed as the theoretician of Oromo secession tells us:-

"The Amhara attitude was nourished by the specter of the disintegration of their empire for, without the resources of Oromia, Ethiopia cannot exist as a viable state.”

(Send to me with other historical documents and private chats referred it as “secret email to Getachew Reda: (from a very close friend of mine a hero and my teacher the late grandeur Aleme Eshete from Rome)

So as you see several evidences above; all these nihilist activities are linked targeting the Amhara.

The Tigray Fascits in power told Ethiopians ‘Addis Abab’belongs to the Oromo

When I heard the news from the Ethno-Fascist media three days ago that the capital city of Ethiopia Addis Abeba to be given to the so called ‘Oromo’ ethnic as their legitimate territory; I was in a state of shock, feeling annoyed, really angry even as I was writing this commentary. 

Perhaps you have read my previous commentaries {The Emergence of the Oromo and Tigre hegemony by Getachew Reda (Editor Ethiopian Semay 1/12/16}
And {The Border Lords of Tigre and Oromo Fascist gangs by Getachew Reda (Editor Ethiopian Semay (August 17/2016}

As I heard the news, the next day, I visited the Tigrayan ethno-fascist propaganda websites to see their reaction to the proclamation that their masters promulgated. Boy, was I not right! As usual, all of them accepted with no objection or rational analysis at all. Even they glamorized as a democratic step. Chilling! Horrifying! Isn’t it?

 Ethnic politics is a herd behavior. TPLF and OLF followers are bound together to accept anything that comes down to them from their herders. Large proportions of this ethnic herd are completely glued to their ethnic doctrine as their religion. They are not willing to examine the mind process injected into them. Therefore, this time particularly the Tigrayan Weyane puppets accepted the giving away of Addis Abeba and other large territories to the so called Oromia/Oromo/ as democratic and legitimate  decision; exactly as they accepted the Eritrean independence with no compromised, or hesitation, even when Meles Zenawi’s told them Eritrean question is a ‘colonial question’.

 They have no argument, but to accept with ululation. Now, some of their leaders (even ‘SEBHAT NEGA’) who fooled them are saying “it was mistakenly characterized as Colonial Question” and are demanding at least one sea ports should be given back to us as it is our legitimate land and right (Gebru, Tsadkan, T/Hailmanot and others..).
  
Now, these puppets are accepting the TPLF proclamation as a legitimate action. So we are dealing with human-herds that are completely ignorant and unaware to what is going on in the back ground of their organization.

So, my argument is now with you people that are not the herds of these ethno- groups. I am talking to you all Ethiopians beside these fools who compromise anything that comes to their table. So the question is do you believe there is an ethnic group called ‘Oromo’ who owns the ¾ of the Ethiopian territory, included the capital city of Ethiopia? If yes, let me hear your argument; if you say ‘no’ let me hear it also.

I am not here to please or displease any one. I am here to protect my beloved country, my people from being destroyed by the CIA and its surrogates (OLF/TPLF…) to alert my people to let them know what is coming towards them. I like to argue here with those who can argue with me rationally without any premature motion. So, let me present my argument regarding this issue of Oromo ownership of Addis or other territories if you are going to compromise for it or not.

Therefore, my argument is there is no such ethnic group or name called ‘Oromo’ who owns these vast lands inside Ethiopian territory. To begin with, who are these so called Oromo or Oromia?! I do not care if they want me to call them Oromo, I will call them, but, not taking lands claiming owned by Oromo and naming it Oromia. That is my point.

The territory they claimed and controlled already by the so called Oromo/Oromia belongs to all Ethiopians. Did you hear me? If they claimed they are owners of those territories, then I have a problem with it! Okay?

Let me ask you all my readers; have you ever read or heard such name before 1974 or during the king or kings/Queens, even before or after Axumite kingdom? No, never heard such/name/country/place(Oromo/Oromia). If so, where did it come from? Who created it? We have to ask rationally- Right?!

If these groups want us to believe such ethnic existed with a country/place/ called ‘Oromia’ we need to see it with historical evidence if such name exist in history? But, they can’t. There is none! Because, it is all made up, fabricated name and fabricated territory by the TPLF and OLF Mafiosi group who are all CIA supported elements.

We all know that, CIA and Italian fascists had been doing their dirty jobs behind the curtain- sometimes openly, sometimes covertly for a long time. We knew how CIA involved with Ethio/Eritrea issue and our Orthodox Christian institutions (we will comeback one day how Aba Paulos was called to Ethiopia after TPLF took over, and who was behind,and who is really Aba Paulos?) .

What is CIA? CIA is a secret spy agency in foreign lands to advance the interest of America. To carry its mission, it does secret-political-infiltration, kidnapping, psychological-warfare, through force and secret plots and even murder leaders of  countries and dismembering stable countries.
Ethiopia is now a target of CIA and the Arabs. Both penetrated through the corridors of their puppets “TPLF/OLF”. This is not new target. It is a chronic. We have heard from Tesfamichael Gorgio how the CIA launched a secret operation by Copeland in 1969 as he was first hand eye witness in the activity recruiting Isayas Afewerk as CIA puppet. The operation named “Seed Planting Progect” was a code name given to the CIA operation. That relation continued all the way to MaTsawa and Afabet operation against the Ethiopian Defense Army.

Remember, The Police spy chief during the king who is an Ethiopian by the name General Iyasu or Daniel (correct me if wrong. interview on Tobia or Menlik magazine (2001), the General told us “Paul Henze was our advisor for 27 months (1969-1972) while Isayas who was recruited by us to spy for Ethiopia in the Jungle was plotting with Richard Copeland in Asmara to break Eritrea to dismember Ethiopia”. Said our General Daniel. Those who are not familiar with the name ‘Paul Henze’; he was the TPLF right hand advisor. He is dead; taken by God’s power few years back.

So we know from two credible individuals (The Eritrean ‘Michael Gorgeo’ who got murdered by EPLF&TPLF coordinated plot in Addis Ababa after TPLF got to power) and our own General testifying that CIA is been involved in Ethiopia for a long time as we speak also.

 So, the present proclamation to give Addis Abeba to the Oromo as “legitimate owner” of the city is part of the process to dismember Ethiopia to create fragmented countries like Somalia and USSR. All this is happening under our moment of unawake by the CIA surrogates namely “OLF and TPLF”.

When TPLF allowed OLF to control those vast lands, TPLF already got for itself vast land for its Tigra Tigringi agenda.

{ “Thus aggrandized in the west and south , TPLF's Tigrai has been blown up from the traditional and official size of 65,000 sq. kms to 102,000 sq. kms "restoring" what the TPLF says was land taken away from Tigrai, on the basis of an entirely unfounded ,..”}  Aleme Eshete (as above)

Simultaneously, to progress its agenda of disintegration Ethiopia, TPLF allowed the 350,000 sq. kms or (now even more) of Ethiopian territory practically covering all of southern Ethiopia, carved-out through the force of arms by the TPLF surrogates to constitute CIA’s future "Republic of Oromia".

We can’t compromise or accept or look at it quietly to this national crime as minor step. This is an open-speedy colonial agenda to rape Ethiopia in a day light! At least we need to speak and leave a record inside the brain of the Ethiopian new generation that they need to confront such national crime and conspiracy by inside and outside enemies. There should be no any political compromise under any circumstances with such crime; not now, not tomorrow, not in the future! No compromise to the dismemberment of Ethiopia.

The proclamation asserted that Addis Abeba belongs to Oromo is historically fake. But when you see the steps that the Tigrayans taking one at time in the last 26 years in its power time, it is a well orchestrated agenda by (CIA behind the plan) leading the final blow by which Ethiopia is intended to be dissolved.

Will you Compromise?

Therefore, will you compromise to this conspiracy? Let us talk. To compromise is to decrease your value, your quality. In this sense, if you compromise Ethiopia under any pressure, you are weakening its dignity, its territory, and pride and history of our people. What it means is, if you give up the nation’s quality that is the end of the story! If you do compromise, it is not the Ethiopia that our ancestors left for us which was sealed and stamped with their blood and bone.

What I saw majority of the Ethiopian elites, particularly the opposition political leaders (most of them) have been lowering the value of the nation like a commodity for sale. In the last 26 years of Tigrayan and Oromo hegemony against Ethiopia sovereignty and dignity; compromising was their word of agenda in the mouth of the opposition. The more the opposition inside or the opposition outside Ethiopia compromise with these thugs; the thugs demanded more and more and more concession.

When we confronted the political leaders, and their followers and their media propagandists to stop compromising; they want to bow for it, because “for of that reason, or for this reason, or for unguaranteed compromise of ‘Give and Take’ negotiation”. By doing so, they discredit their pride; they discredit and dishonor the nation by risking a value in a way it reduces it. Many Ethiopian elites, be it they are in politics or by standards, they all bend or give-in to the pressure.

Ethiopia currently needs not some mediocre politicians who compromise with different sorts of enemies, but leaders and citizens who can resist “pressure”. I have been saying all along do not give in to it! Do not give in to the pressure, don’t compromise. Because, the more you compromise, the more you tolerate. That means you will always allow any harm that comes from enemy as accepted norm. You will start to say things that you never say before, so you can tolerate them. This is exactly what we are hearing in the opposition media like ESAT and other commentators and journalists all over using-name-of place/cities/towns/universities created by Ethiopia’s enemies. Adama/ Finfine/ Haromaya/ Biher… on and on…

They claimed “it is okay, no big deal, we are families, we are all Ethiopian, and we can talk or deal about those names when Weyane is gone…”. This how the opposition give-in to the propaganda pressure from the thuggish group and misguided the youngsters to use them for the rest of their life. The reason they tolerate them, is not because of the reason mentioned above; hey tolerate them, because they are afraid to confront them. What you do not realize is every time we tolerate something, we are compromise our value system.

This is how the opposition leaders, journalists, commentators, Internet, TV and radio media tolerate the crime and conspiracy of OLF/TPLF/EPLF/ONLF design in the name of tolerance (MECHACHAL). When the media and such groups use or tolerate the terms/ vocabularies/ names/flags designed by enemies, it demonstrates they are in agreement with it.

Scholars in such field will tell you, that the more you tolerate something, the greater chance of doing it yourself. That is why we see the Ethiopians opposition conferences seen decorated by Ethiopian flag together with the OLF/EPLF/ONLF flags. Strangely also, the audiences do not seem to be bothered by it- because; they are tuned to tolerate such conspiracy by leaders who are willing to give-in to pressure. By doing so, the opposition brought discredit to our flag, to the nation and to the God of Ethiopia who designed our flag.
 
The God of Ethiopia is calling you all for integrity to the flag and to the nation whom he protected her from various enemies!!!!!!!!! The God of Ethiopia in our religion might teach us to love the sinners, but we do not have to tolerate the sin. No compromise!!

These elites of ours are defusing our concentration, our quality by diluting enemies’ agenda into our business“. My mother used to run a popular Tela Bet business (our traditional beer) that was famous for its “concentration” quality (WEFRAM/GUSH). Many people loved it. They do not need to eat any breakfast/even lunch once they had two or three Menlik/ Wancha/ of it. If she saw the servant adding too much water in to the barrel, she stands up and stops her from adding too much water into it. Her objection is , ‘even though we can make money by adding too much water to the process, we should not do it; even if the process required adding water, once it loses its concentration (strength), the quality that people respect will be gone”. That is what she my mother used to say.

Yes, she is right. When you add water, it does what? It looses its concentration. That is what happens when you compromise; you begin to loose your concentration. By losing your focus/ originality, you become a diluted Ethiopian!!!! You become weaken, you loosen your strength. It is hard to go through a storm when your strength is gone!!!!!! It is hard to fight against the enemy when you are weaken and diluted. It is hard to deal with national crisis when you loose your concentration. All this is because you compromised to the enemy!!!!!!

The weakest groups in the political struggle in our opposition organization regardless they preached you they have a fighting army are those who are willing to compromise “principle” or fight enemy with no policy or principle.. They are defeated groups. Because they give-in their Ethiopian principle due to the pressure from those enemies. Respecting enemies’ flags and their agenda is a defeat!!
We can see where OLF/ONLF and others were few years back and where they are now. Now days,, they are touring with those who claimed Ethiopia groups (unity force)and allowed to brainwash, insult and disrespect Amhara or Ethiopia in-front of Ethiopian audiences. The Ethiopia audiences have now accepted the defeat. They are not in a state of judging what is right or wrong.   

This is because; our society is guided by defeated leaders. Our society is lead by chameleons! They adapt and blended to the enemy’s environment with no shame, thinking they are playing politics/tricks. Every time these political Chameleons are around with different groups of nihilists, you will see them transformed into one of them.

They speak the language of the enemy, they speak and exercise the conspiratorial terms framed by the enemies and they too use them. When you heard this with your own ears; to the extent, you will ask to yourself saying “Are these ours? Or theirs?” These are human chameleons. They acted like them, pleased every environment, they please enemies.

Worst of all, our people gather around them in every conference. When you sit too long with enemies eventually, no matter how much you resist, I guaranty you, you too will preach and talk the same thing the enemy talks and do. Dr.Getachew Begashaw (Doctor 0/zero/) is a typical example for this argument. Remember!? He was telling us OLF never demanded or fought for secession.

At the end I like to say this; - When an Ethiopia forms a binding relationship with none Ethiopian believer, it weakens his/her commitment, weakens character and lowers his/her standards. I do not know about you- as far as me, I can’t afford to loose concentration and allow myself to become a diluted Ethiopian. I have been going too much in my life to be weak right now at this point, so I decided, through hell or high water, I WILL NOT COMPROMISE!!!!!! If you call yourself Ethiopian, you are going to have to bring-up yourself where I am. I am not saying, I am better than anybody else, but, I refused to lower myself by compromising my country that my father served, fought and die.

The agenda and the conspiracy of dismemberment of Ethiopia by TPLF & OLF that we patiently observe for the last 26 years are national crime and sin.  We don’t hate these sinners, but, we don’t have to tolerate their sin. No compromise, through hell or high water!

 Thanks
Getachew Reda (Editor Ethiopian Semay) getachre@aol.com




 



          Oriental Orthodox in US call for end of Eritrean schism   
(SCOOCH) - To All of the Bishops, Priests, and Faithful of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church – Last year around this time (June 7, 2016), we wrote to you to offer our condolences upon the repose of His Eminence Abune Dioskoros, to wish you a blessed feast of Pentecost, and above all, to call upon the hierarchs of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church to lift the excommunication on His Holiness Abune Antonious I and to restore His Holiness to his Patriarchal Throne.

A year has passed, and we are sad to observe that the painful schism which separates the Eritrean Church from her sisters in Oriental Orthodoxy persists unabated. We are writing to you once again to urge you to refrain from any action which might perpetuate division within the Body of Christ, and also to offer our fervent prayers for the life and health of His Holiness and his restoration to his Apostolic Throne in peace.



With Love in Our Savior Jesus Christ,

Archbishop Khajag Barsamian
Primate, Diocese of the Armenian Church of America (New York)
President, Standing Conference of Oriental Orthodox Churches of America

          Comment on Qatar: Al Jazeera in the Middle by blink   
Dear Haile YG explain Eritrea only from the narrow window of his child hood and you can not blame him for being an old nuts. He expected Eritreans to go with him from his complex upbringing.If he was twice as smart, he'd still be stupid and a loser philosophy student. There is nothing more evil than YG view but it is not new. I can see the last breath of YG with full of hate for the half part of Eritreans.
          Tour de Hongrie: kolumbiai szakaszsiker, Peák Barna két másodpercre az összetett győzelemtől!   
Izgalmas küzdelmet és végül egy kisebb csoport sprintbefutóját hozta a Tour de Hongrie negyedik szakasza: a kolumbiai Jaramillo szerezte meg az etapgyőzelmet, s ezzel együtt átvette az összetettben a vezetést. A napok óta remeklő Peák Barnabás visszahódította a fehér trikót, az összetettben pedig két másodperc hátránnyal a második helyen áll. A Nemzetközi Kerékpáros Szövetség (UCI) Europe Tour sorozatában szereplő, 2.2-es kategóriájú nemzetközi országúti kerékpárverseny 25 országból érkezett 106 fős mezőnye hat nap alatt 750+1 kilométert tesz meg a július 2-i budapesti befutóig. Fazekas Sándor földművelésügyi miniszter és Dobos László, Karcag polgármestere indította útjára a Tour de Hongrie mezőnyét, amelyre a Magyar Körverseny királyetapja várt. A miskolci célig vezető 177 kilométeres út során egy első kategóriás emelkedő megmászása is szerepelt a programban. A rajtot követő, hosszú, sík egyeneseken egymást érték a szökési kísérletek, amelyek közül végül azt engedte el a mezőny, amelyben szerb, szlovén, ausztrál, német és norvég kerekes tekert. A Bükk lábáig a szökevények három percnyi előnyt gyűjtögettek össze, ami aztán a Miskolcról Bükkszentkeresztre vezető emelkedőn pillanatok alatt elolvadt. Itt nagyjából tizenöt bringás együtt ért fel a csúcsig, ahonnan őrült száguldás vette kezdetét. A boly a lejtőn kicsit „meghízott“, s végül sprintbefutó során döntött a szakaszgyőzelemről. Az első helyezést a kolumbiai Jaramillo szerezte meg, aki az időjóváírásnak köszönhetően átvette a sárga trikót is. „A győzelem fantasztikus érzés, bárhol is rendezik a versenyt – nyilatkozta a sárga trikós Jaramillo. – Nagyon nehéz nap volt, már a sík részeken is nagy volt a küzdelem. A hegy nem volt olyan nehéz, de figyelni kellett rá, hogy jó legyen a tempó, és a csapattársak is fel tudjanak zárkózni. Mindig nehéz megvédeni a sárga trikót, az utolsó szakaszon össze kell szedni minden erőnket, nagyon erős csapatunk van, képesek lehetünk rá.“ A mieink közül Lovassy Krisztián szerepelt a legjobban, aki a kilencedik helyen ért célba, de a bolyban tekert Peák Barnabás is, aki remek teljesítményével megszerezte a legjobb 23 évnél fiatalabbnak járó fehér mezt, az összetett versenyben pedig két másodperccel a második helyen áll. Dicséret illeti a Cube-Csömör montisait is, akik közül Valter Attila és Dina Márton is legjobbját mutatta a hegyen, mindketten az élbollyal érkeztek a miskolci célba. „Nem vagyok tipikus hegyimenő, ezért a szakasz elejétől sokat próbálkoztam. Az emelkedőn ráálltam a saját tempómra, két-három kilomtérrel a hegytető előtt szakadtam csak le, de bíztam benne, hogy a hosszú lejtőn vissza tudok érni. A végén talán kicsit elnéztük az utolsó kilométer jelzését, túl későn kezdtem sprintelni, pedig ebben a napban egy dobogós eredmény is benne lehetett volna. Sajnálom, hogy a siófoki körözésben nem mindenki kapott azonos időt, én is elestem az egyik csapattársammal, és az ott kapott harmincnyolc másodperces hátránnyal számomra elúszott az összetett verseny. Így egy kicsit keserű az öröm számomra“ – nyilatkozta Lovassy Krisztián. „Nagyon jól ment ezen a napon, örülök, hogy végre úgy alakult, ahogyan terveztem. Csapatként is jól együtt tudtunk dolgozni, a hegyen pedig meg tudtuk mutatni magunkat. Nem úgy kezdődött ez a verseny számunkra, ahogy terveztük, de fejben nagyon sokat készültünk erre a szakaszra, és ennek meg is lett az eredménye“ – vélekedett Valter Attila, aki a bükkszentkereszti hegyi hajránál a harmadik helyet szerezte meg. Az összetett második helyére lépő Peák Barnabás pénteki bukása miatt kisebb sérülésekkel indult ezen a napon: „A szakasz elején a rosszabb utakon nagyon nem esett jól, de később már nem figyeltem rá. A hegyen felfelé erősebb tempóra számítottam, ez kedvezett nekem, mert nem tartom olyan jó hegyimenőnek magam. A hegy után két ljubljanás bringás felváltva támadott, hogy a fehér trikót levegyék rólam, de ahogy felduzzadt a boly létszáma, már senkit sem engedtek el. A sprinthajrán együtt jöttünk a szlovénokkal, így sikerült visszaszerezni a fehér trikót. Az egyik szemem sír, a másik nevet. Bánt, hogy nem sikerült megszerezni a sárgát, másrészt viszont így nem engem fog mindenki támadni a zárószakaszon. Még az esélyem is megmaradt, ha esetleg dobogóra tudok jönni a végén, a bónusszal meg tudom szerezni az összetett győzelmet is…“ – nyilatkozta Peák Barna. A miskolciak is kitettek magukért, egész napos kerékpáros fesztivállal várták a Tour de Hongrie befutóját, a Magyar Körverseny díjait Kriza Ákos polgármester adta át. EREDMÉNYEK 4. szakasz, Karcag–Miskolc (177 km): 1. Daniel Jaramillo (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) 4:09:24 2. Tadej Pogacar (szlovén, Rog-Ljubljana) azonos idővel 3. Robbie Hucker (ausztrál, IsoWhey Swiss Wellness) a. i. 4. Patrik Tybor (szlovák, Dukla Banska Bystrica) a. i. 5. Thomas Joseph (belga, Marlux-Napoleon Games) a. i. 6. Meron Teshome (eritreai, Bike Aid) a. i. 9. Lovassy Krisztián (magyar, Differdange-Losch) a. i. 14. Peák Barnabás (magyar, Kontent-DKSI) a. i. Összetett verseny az OPEL Nagydíjért: 1. (sárga mezben) Daniel Jaramillo (kolumbiai, United Healthcare) 11:19:58 2. Peák Barnabás (magyar, Kontent-DKSI) 2 másodperc hátrány 3. Tadej Pogacar (szlovén, Rog-Ljubljana) 7 mp h. 4. Robbie Hucker (ausztrál, IsoWhey Swiss Wellness) 8 mp h. 5. Nicholas Dlamini (dél-afrikai, Dimension Data) 9 mp h. 6. Amanuel Ghebreigzabhier (eritreai, Dimension Data for Qhubeka) 9 mp h. Gyorsasági pontverseny a EUROPCAR Nagydíjért: 1. (zöld mezben) Matti Manninen (finn, Team FixIT) Hegyi pontverseny a SLÁGER FM Nagydíjért: 1. (piros mezben) Amanuel Ghebreigzabhier (eritreai, Dimension Data for Qhubeka) A legjobb U23-as versenyző a BRINGAAKADÉMIA Nagydíjért: 1. (fehér mezben) Peák Barnabás (Kontent-DKSI) A legjobb magyar versenyző a BIANCHI Nagydíjért: 1. (celeste mezben) Peák Barnabás (Kontent-DKSI) A teljes eredménylista: KLIKK IDE! Következik! A Jászberény és Budapest között kijelölt 112 kilométeres útvonalon egy dombosak szakasztól eltekintve sík pályán teljesítik a távot a versenyzők. A szakasz során három gyorsasági (Tura, Budapest, Megyeri-híd és Budapest, Városliget) és egy hegyi (Vácegres) részhajrára is sor kerül. A befutó előtt Budapesten, a Városligetben öt kört is teljesít majd a mezőny. Rajt: 2017. július 2. vasárnap, 14:45, Jászberény, Lehel Vezér tér Várható befutó: 17:30, Budapest, Városliget (5 kör) Kinek kedvez: hagyomány a körversenyeken, hogy a zárószakaszon „nem illik” az összetettet támadni, de a befutónál megszerezhető bónuszmásodpercek akár át is rendezhetik az összetett állását, így mindenképpen nagy csata várható! Várható útlezárások A Tour de Hongrie 5. szakasza során Jászberény és Budapest között 112 kilométert tesz meg a mezőny, amely 14:45 órakor indul útjára a jászberényi Lehel Vezér térről. A karaván a Jászberény, Pusztamonostor, Jászfényszaru, Zsámbok, Tura, Galgahévíz, Hévízgyörk, Bag, […]
          UAE transferred Yemen terror suspects to secret Eritrean prison, says Human Rights Watch   
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          The Wrongful Characterisation of the 2% Eritrean Diaspora Tax by Some Media Outlets in the Netherlands   
Eritrean-Swede protesters holding sign that reads, "I pay 2% with joy and pride"



The Wrongful Characterisation of the 2% Eritrean Diaspora Tax by Some Media Outlets in the Netherlands

The first obligation of good journalism is to the truth based on verifiable facts. Of course the journalist may be biased due to own personal believes. But he/she cannot be allowed to get away with being dishonest with the facts. And to demonstrate this obligation, he/she should lay down the verifiable facts for the interlocking public to make its own informed decision about the truth in terms of the context, interpretation, comment, criticism and debate. I concede, to be interested and take part in good faith for the furtherance of the lives people is legitimate. But in the past few months and bizarrely enough, a number of the Dutch media have shown unprecedented interest in reporting about the 2% diaspora tax with abusive and condescending language like never before and all for the wrong and malicious reasons. In spite of the fact that the 2% diaspora tax is a legally and officially implemented Eritrean Government policy, some Dutch outlets have caricatured and depicted it as the long arm of government to intimidate and control community members of the Eritrean diaspora in the
Netherlands.

Invariably these reports have been vehemently enmeshed in painting the 2% tax as something sinister and as an instrument of abuse. In some instances the reporting has been given primetime tv slots and pasted to fill news paper’s white pages. Yes to expose and report crimes in the interest of the public is right. What is not right is a hyped journalism based on concocted specious information sourced from anonymous and faceless individuals although Eritrea does not have invisible enemies. Certainly a reporter can have his/her opinion about the 2% tax either way. What he/she cannot do is to report without checking the specific facts whether intimidation, threats, extortion and harassment did indeed take place. In a society that markets itself as free and liberal, public journalism is considered to be its watchdog. But being a watchdog requires telling the TRUTH grounded on verifiable facts. Instead systematic bias and pathetically vindictive reporting has been the standard. In this regard, one cannot also forget the defamatory report on the hoax sexual abuse alleged to have taken place at the Eritrean Orthodox Church in Rotterdam and the cruel characterisation of our annual cultural festivals as fund raising events for seditious terrorist activities. Those who produce such reports are not fools. They seem to be part of meticulous scheme designed to damage our collective reputation which we cherish and are proud of. This problem is compounded by the disposition of the targeted audience to merely jump over the wagon without rational debate and willingness to go beyond the hyped unfounded assertions.

It is therefore in the context of this falsified vilification, politicised and deliberate misinformation that it is deemed it essential to put the record straight and enlighten the public and the media agencies involved in the dissemination of the uncorroborated and misleading information. The Dutch public has the right to be told the TRUTH AND ONLY THE TRUTH about this issue. Below is a brief explanation of the essence of the 2% tax and this will be followed by what is thought to the best procedure to find the TRUTH for the public to judge for itself.

The 2% Eritrean Diaspora Tax

The 2% diaspora tax is a volitional contribution geared to the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the Eritrean economy which has been totally devastated due the 30 plus years of war of liberation. Its precursor is the active multifaceted involvement of Diaspora Eritreans in the struggle for Eritrean independence. Regardless of geography, Diaspora Eritreans had been acutely involved in the liberation struggle during those very challenging and difficult 30 years. They invested immensely in the delivery of financial, material, diplomatic and supportive activities to the realisation of Eritrea’s independence. Even today as Eritrea strides forward as an independent sovereign state, their resolve and commitment to discharge this patriotic responsibility continues manifestly.

It was this contextual fact that led to the initiative of 2% tax in early 90’s by diaspora Eritreans as the country was emerging from the ashes of the war. This endeavour was a clear testimony of the desire, good will and laudable foresight of diaspora Eritreans to do their part in helping the country eradicate poverty without succumbing to aid dependence which largely has been a failure story. It was relaunched by act of the National Assembly as a voluntary policy instrument through official government proclamation in 1994. The policy stipulates that every Eritrean diaspora citizen is entitled to all rights and privileges that citizenship bestows and at the same time is required to fulfil what citizenship obliges. This is perfectly congruent with the universally accepted policy principle of enjoyment of inalienable rights and the discharge of concomitant obligations that citizenship entails. Let it be crystal clear though that this provision is anchored on the principle of own volition and is required only when a diaspora citizen wants to avail himself/herself of any legal or otherwise administrative services. This is the absolute TRUTH nothing more and nothing less. The axiom ‘’rights and duties are the two sides of the same coin’’ perfectly summarises the essence of the 2% Eritrean diaspora tax.

Purpose and Objective:

As indicated above, the sole purpose and objective of this levy has been and continues to be to help the people of Eritrea in rebuilding their war shattered lives and revive the ruined economy of the country albeit in a small way. For a clear perspective and in essence, the 2% Eritrean diaspora tax can be compared to the European cohesion fund by which the weak links of EURO ZONE countries’ economies are and continue to be financed and bailed out by the richer economies of the union - a net transfer of enabling funds just as the 2% diaspora tax. Another analogous example is the pledged flow of enabling funds of the 1% of gdp of the rich industrial countries to the poor countries notwithstanding the flagging commitment and paucity of success story. Then what makes the 2% Eritrean diaspora tax expended for expanding social services including schools, clinics and roads undesirable? In point of fact it ought to be applauded and replicated in many countries the likes of Eritrea. It is an aberrant act to untruthfully politicize this far-sighted social policy formulated for a nobler cause.

Payment Procedures.

It has been and continues to be that any payment relating to the 2% tax is not only absolutely legal but is also effected at the request and personal initiative and own accord of the individual person involved. NO harassment or coercion on the part of the responsible consular staff is warranted. All payments are transparent legally effected with valid documentation bearing Eritrean government seals and signatures of executing officials. All payments are recorded and payees are provided with valid official receipt as proof of payment. All payments whether paid in cash or electronically are deposited in the Consular official bank account. Clearly this is as transparent as noontime sun shine. Does this deserve the slur and despicable characterisation it has been subjected to? For heaven’s sake why the lie!

The 2% Diaspora tax and the Media in the Netherlands.

Notwithstanding, the Netherlands government positive stance on the legality of the 2% Eritrean diaspora tax, of late some Dutch media outlets seemed to have folded their sleeves to pour quite miss-informative narration in a defamatory fashion. These media outlets have specifically alleged that the Eritrean Consulate General continues to collect monies from diaspora Eritreans through intimidation, threat and criminal extortion tactics. What should be made abundantly clear here and stated loudly is, the demand for veracity is absolute. We simply say prove this with veracious evidence that any staff member of the office has intimidated, threatened or in any way harassed any person to make him/her coercively pay the 2% tax. If this would transpire to be the case, then and only then will the office shoulder the burden of accountability and face the consequences. By all means such a grotesque allegation is a prosecutable crime punishable by the most appropriate stringent statutory legal provisions. Needless to say, a wrongful action such as this, must be brought before the Dutch Prosecution Service so that the culprit faces the full weight of the Dutch criminal justice system. Short of that, there is no remedy for the alleged ‘’ claims of victimization’’. And short of undertaking a task to get to the bottom of this allegation, the Eritrean Consulate General’s reputation remains wrongfully damaged and the Dutch public effectively misinformed. If this egregious allegation continues to be recycled and persists unresolved once and for all, it must be taken to be unfair and discriminatory hidden malicious agenda against the office. The demand for fact-based reporting on which all could be held accountable cannot be emphasised.

The fundamental question here is given the prolific media portrayal of the alleged criminal acts on the part of the Eritrean Consul General, why is it that no one - not a single individual has been subpoenaed and brought to face justice in any of the Netherlands courts? After all it is claimed that Netherland is a democratically governed country where all civil liberties are judiciously guarded and entitlement to legal remedy of the wronged party is the natural course of action. The purported allegations are serious and criminal in nature. But even more serious is the allegation that the Eritrean Consul General in Den Haag is personally and directly involved in this disgraceful act. Inevitably, the unescapable question for a non-gullible mind is ‘’ IS THIS TRUE?’’ If these outlandish allegations of intimidation, threats and extortion are to be reported as truths, then they must pass the acid test questions: ‘when did this happen’, where did this happen? Who is the victim? Did he/she reported to the police because such behaviours are considered acts of crime in this country? What did the police do? Who is the offending official? Only answers to these simple questions would tell the TRUTH.

People in this country have the right to be told the truthfulness of the allegation in full and they expect justice to be served and the perpetrators to have their day in court. In a society that prides itself to be democratic, open and liberal, the self-styled victims should at the very least demand legal redress for being aggrieved. Yet extraordinarily enough court indictment is conspicuously absent while derision and deliberate misrepresentation continues unabated. Is it because what has been alleged never took place and therefore there is no concrete evidence permissible in the court of law? As the learned American prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi argues there can’t be criminal conviction without ‘’corpus delicti, i.e., the body or elements of crime’’ which is precisely the case here. Or is it because this deceptive allegation has no legal legs to stand on but good enough to vilify Eritrea and its government?

Furthermore the second inevitable question is, given this serious allegation, what are the journalistic reporting standards employed by the media agencies that have been involved in reporting this case? Needless to say there are quite a number of ethical, moral and intellectual standards universally accepted in addition to editorial guidelines that news organisations may employ to augment their reporting standards. For the sake of brevity, it would be deemed adequate that the following simple baseline standards would suffice for common understanding of this case here in lieu of the plethora standards that good journalism espouses. For that reason, the media agencies should at least accept the following as underpinning their reporting on the alleged acts of intimidation, threat and harassment committed by the Eritrean Consul General.

• Transparency, reporting without prejudice (no opinion of volitionally
paying interviewees has been include in the reports - a clear case of
disfranchisement).
• Detachment , objectivity and neutrality
• Rejection of information that lacks veracity and credibility
• Rejection of information that fails to meet the requirements of the rules
of evidence to reach a just verdict
• Sanctity of hearing the defendant’s version of the issue

In closing one can say this: although the Dutch media outlets that have been reporting on the 2% Eritrean with commitment to public interest, they have remarkably failed to get it right. Evidently they have been neither objective nor bias free in their methodology. All has been one-sided story. Yet in pursuit of the truth, objective methodology is a critical tenet to appropriately investigate the issue at hand. Sadly this has been missing in almost all the reports. Remarkably there has been not a single case of intimidation, threat or harassment reported to the police in respect of the 2 % tax in spite of the countless innuendos and denigrating narrations recycled by all sorts of traitors, fake experts and pseudo human rights activists. Then, would it be too much to advise these media outlets either to put up or shut up?

Haile Habtegaber


          [Video] BBC Journalist’s Trip to Eritrea, Interview   

By Eritrea EmbassyMedia

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa in a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News beginning 1 July 2017.

'The History of Africa with Zeinab Badawi’ is unique because it derives its inspiration and uses as the bedrock for its facts a series of volumes on Africa’s history, compiled by African scholars, in a project undertaken by UNESCO at the behest of Africa’s newly independent presidents starting back in the 1960s. For the first series Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing historians, archaeologists, and citizens who paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how that history informs their present lives. She begins the journey from the origins of humankind, through to the the next stage of our development, then to the ancient civilisations of Africa ending around the 13th century.

This groundbreaking series airs every Saturday and Sunday in July and August of 2017 on BBC World News.

About Zeinab Badawi

Zeinab, born in Sudan, has lived in the United Kingdom since the age of two. She is a British television and radio journalist, currently a presenter with BBC HardTalk and Global Questions. She previously worked with ITV and Channel 4 News.

She currently serves as the director of media company, Kush Communications. Zeinab is the Chair of the Royal African Society, a patron of BBC Media Action (the charitable arm of the BBC), Vice-President of the United Nations Association-UK, trustee of Historic Royal Palaces, and a board member of the African Union Foundation.

About Kush Communications

Kush Communications, founded by Zeinab Badawi, aims to create exciting and thought-provoking programmes and films that make a difference. Previous work includes an hour long documentary entitled ‘The Lost Child’ which aired on BBC World News as well as a chat show series: ‘Rendezvous with Zeinab Badawi’.



          UNESCO to court controversy with World Heritage picks   

PARIS — The Old City of Hebron in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and a rare collection of futuristic buildings in Eritrea are among sites hoping to gain protected status from UNESCO when it meets in Poland from Sunday.

The meeting of the World Heritage Committee of the UN’s scientific and cultural body in Krakow will also examine concerns about high-rise buildings that threaten the historic centre of Vienna.

7 natural sites, 26 cultural sites and 1 mixed site could be added to the list of more than 1,000 places which have protected status during the July 2-12 meeting.

Inclusion in the coveted list is often a source of national pride and can increase tourist numbers but it can also trigger rows and diplomatic friction.

Israel has already protested at the inclusion among the hopefuls of the Old City of Hebron deep in the West Bank, home to the imposing Tomb of the Patriarchs, the resting place of the Biblical figures Jacob, Isaac and Abraham and one of the most important religious sites to Muslims and Jews alike.

UNESCO enraged Israel in May when its executive board ratified a resolution that identified Israel as “the occupying power” in Jerusalem and called on it to rescind any move changing the city’s “character and status”.

 The Israeli foreign ministry said that adding the Hebron site to the World Heritage list would “ignore the sensitivity of and Jewish connection to the city of Hebron” and would “further the organisation’s politicisation”.

The top UNESCO official for World Heritage, Mechtild Roessler, said she hoped “there will not be a controversy” over the Hebron site.

“I hope it will be a debate about substance. This committee is not about politics,” she said in a briefing before the meeting.

 

Futurism in Africa 

 

The collection of buildings in the Eritrean capital Asmara includes cinemas, petrol stations, banks and shops that are a legacy of the colonisation of the northeast African nation by Italy, which stretched from the end of the 19th century until World War II.

Eritrea’s entry describes the buildings as bearing “the unique pastel colours and rounded edges that marked the rationalist and futurist styles popular in Fascist Italy”.

 Roessler said she was “proud” that Asmara would be up for consideration when the inclusion of new sites are discussed on July 7-9.

“We are happy that entrants come from other parts of the world,” she said, stressing that UNESCO was keen to change the perception of the Asmara site as purely colonial.

“We have worked hard to find another approach,” Roessler said.

The historic centre of Vienna is a well-established UNESCO site but plans to build a 66-metre (216-foot) tower on the edge of the area could see it added to the World Heritage List in Danger.

The tower, which has already been reduced from its original planned height of 73 metres, is part of a project to build a hotel, conference venue and an indoor skating rink.

UNESCO helped to block a previous construction plan in Vienna in 2000. “I thought they had learned their lesson. I was wrong,” Roessler said.

The experts will also debate whether the Kathmandu Valley, devastated by a massive earthquake in 2015, should be added to the list of endangered sites.

Nepalese authorities are opposed to such a listing, fearing it could discourage tourists.

A UNESCO spokesman confirmed that although it is not officially listed for discussion, the Selous Game Reserve in Tanzania would be debated.

 

Tanzania’s President John Magufuli said Tuesday he planned to speed up the building of a hydroelectric dam in Selous, one of Africa’s largest game reserves, which was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2014.

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          SVT sänder Integrationscentrums seminarium om Eritrea   
Robel och Fozia är två av tusentals unga personer som flytt till Sverige från Eritrea. Nyligen berättade de om sina upplevelser för fler än 200 tjänstemän som arbetar med att ta emot nyanlända i Göteborgs Stad. Seminariet spelades in av SVT Forum och du kan se det på SVT Play.
          Körülbelül száz afrikai verekedett Calais-ban – A bíróság már kötelezte is a hatóságokat, hogy segítsenek szegényeken   

Világvége 2012
Körülbelül száz afrikai verekedett Calais-ban – A bíróság már kötelezte is a hatóságokat, hogy segítsenek szegényeken

Körülbelül száz eritreai és etiópiai migráns verekedett össze szombat délután a franciaországi Calais iparterületén, közülük tizenhatot kórházba kellett szállítani sérüléseik miatt — közölték a helyi hatóságok. “Tizenhat migránst szállítottak kórházba, 15-en könnyebb sérüléseket szereztek, egy pedig súlyos fejsérülést szenvedett” – mondta el Étienne Desplanques, az illetékes prefektúra kabinetjének vezetője. Tucatnyi – többségében eritreai – verekedőt […]

Körülbelül száz afrikai verekedett Calais-ban – A bíróság már kötelezte is a hatóságokat, hogy segítsenek szegényeken
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