Programa Paulo Freire abre seleção para alfabetizadores voluntários com vagas para o Agreste Meridional   

A Secretaria de Educação do Estado de Pernambuco (SEE-PE) realiza processo seletivo para o preenchimento de 1.195 vagas. O certame é aberto para voluntários alfabetizadores, coordenadores de turmas e alfabetizadores tradutores/intérpretes de LIBRAS para atuarem nas ações de alfabetização no âmbito do Programa Brasil Alfabetizado/Programa Paulo Freire – Pernambuco Escolarizado. O auxílio é de até R$ 800,00.

Inscrições podem ser efetivadas nos dias 03 e 04 de julho, nas Gerências Regionais de Educação (GREs) do Sertão do Pajeú (Afogados da Ingazeira), Sertão do Araripe (Araripina), Sertão do Moxotó-Ipanema (Arcoverde), Agreste Centro Norte (Caruaru), Sertão do Submédio São Francisco (Floresta), Agreste Meridional (Garanhuns), Vale do Capibaribe (Limoeiro), Metropolitanas Norte e Sul, Mata Norte (Nazaré da Mata), Mata Sul (Palmares), Sertão do Médio São Francisco (Petrolina), Sertão Central (Salgueiro) e Mata Centro (Vitória de Santo Antão). Além das regionais, as inscrições podem ser feitas também nas Secretarias Municipais de Educação.

O resultado será divulgado até o dia 21 de julho. O candidato que desejar entrar com os recursos quanto ao resultado da Análise da Documentação de Cadastro, deverá entregar de forma presencial o formulário específico para este fim disponível no edital do certame, não podendo anexar qualquer documentação a este formulário. Os resultados dos recursos serão divulgados até o dia 28 de julho e o resultado final dos selecionados, após a formação, está previsto para o dia 9 de setembro. Para a Gerência Regional de Garanhuns são disponibilizadas as vagas contidas no quadro abaixo.

O resultado de cada etapa será divulgado nas 16 Gerências Regionais de Educação e no site da Secretaria de Educação do Estado (www.educacao.pe.gov.br). O voluntariado tem duração de oito meses e o processo seletivo será realizado em duas etapas: análise da documentação de cadastro e participação na formação inicial. As bolsas variam de R$ 400 a R$ 800, de acordo com a função do voluntário.

As informações são da Assessoria do Governo do Estado, publicadas no Diário Oficial, caderno do Poder Executivo, de 23 de junho de 2017, página 02. http://www.educacao.pe.gov.br/portal/upload/galeria/12289/Edital_Chamada%20P%C3%BAblica_Programa%20Brasil%20Alfabetizado_Divul_ga%C3%A7%C3%A3o.pdf

PARA CONFERIR O EDITAL CLIQUE http://www.educacao.pe.gov.br/portal/?pag=1&men=73


PUBLICIDADE
Loja física, Vitro Joias, na Rua Dom José, centro de Garanhuns


          Image resized on RadGrid exporting   

I have a radgrid with an export function that brings data from a database, including an additional header and text, which are document conditions. These document conditions include images, the problem is the last image that is resized to adjust to the tall of the PDF

 

Protected Sub CotDetGrid_PdfExporting(sender As Object, e As GridPdfExportingArgs) Handles CotDetGrid.PdfExporting
    Try
        colwidth = Split(CamposDeseados, ",").Count
        Dim columnasMenos = 0
        If PoscProducto.Equals("Fila") Then
            If CamposDeseados.Contains("Producto") And CamposDeseados.Contains("Observación") Then
                colwidth -= 2
                columnasMenos = 2
            ElseIf CamposDeseados.Contains("Producto") Or CamposDeseados.Contains("Observación") Then
                colwidth -= 1
                columnasMenos = 1
            End If
        Else
            If CamposDeseados.Contains("Observación") Then
                colwidth -= 1
                columnasMenos = 1
            End If
        End If
 
        colwidth = CType((555 / colwidth), Integer) 'calcular el width segun la cantidad de columnas
 
        e.RawHTML = ""
 
        e.RawHTML = "<div style='font-size:10pt;'>" & _
                        "<table width='555px' style=' margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px;' >" & _
                           "<colgroup><col/><col/></colgroup>" & _
                            "<tbody>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='center' colspan='2'> " + Imagen + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='center' colspan='2'> " + DirTel + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='center' colspan='2'>   </td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td>   </td>" & _
                                 "<td align='right'>" + FechaElaboracion + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td>   </td>" & _
                                 "<td align='right'>" + FechaEmision + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr><td> </td><td> </td></tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='left'>" + Cliente + "</td>" & _
                                 "<td align='right'>" + Moneda + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='left'>" + Saludo + ContactoNombre + "</td>" & _
                                 "<td align='right'>" + NumPartidas + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='left'>" + ContactoPuesto + "</td>" & _
                                 "<td align='right'>" + fFolio + "</td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td align='left'>" + ContactoTelefono + "</td>" & _
                                 "<td>   </td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr>" & _
                                 "<td colspan='2'>   </td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                              "<tr style='text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-word;'>" & _
                                 "<td colspan='2'> " + hiddenMensajeGrid.Value + " </td>" & _
                              "</tr>" & _
                           "</tbody>" & _
                        "</table>"
 
        Dim columnasPdf As Integer = CamposDeseados.Split(",").Length - columnasMenos
        Dim col = ""
 
        For i = 1 To columnasPdf Step 1
            col += "<col />"
        Next
 
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                    "<table width='555px' style='font-size:8pt; margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px;white-space: nowrap;'>" & _
                       "<colgroup>" & _
                        col & _
                       "</colgroup>" & _
                       "<tbody>" & _
                          "<tr style='text-align:center; background-color:#A0A0A0; color:#FFFFFF;  font-weight: bold;'>"
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Partida") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td>Partida</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Imagen") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td>Imagen</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Código") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td>Código</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Producto") And PoscProducto.Equals("Columna") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td>Producto</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Unidad de Medida") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td>Unidad de Medida</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Precio Unitario") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td style='text-align:right;'>Precio Unitario</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Cantidad") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td>Cantidad</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Importe") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td style='text-align:right;'>Importe</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Descuento %") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td style='text-align:right;'>Descuento %</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Impuesto %") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td style='text-align:right;'>Impuesto %</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Impuesto") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td style='text-align:right;'>Impuesto</td>"
        End If
        If CamposDeseados.Contains("Total") Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                            "<td style='text-align:right;'>Total</td>"
        End If
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & _
                      "</tr>" & _
                        body & _
                   "</tbody>" & _
                "</table>" & _
            "</div>"
 
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<br/><br/><br/>"
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<div style='font-size:10pt;'>"
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<table width='555px' style='margin-left:0px; margin-right:0px;' >"
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<colgroup><col /></colgroup>"
        e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<tbody>"
 
        If IncluirCondiciones = 1 Then
 
            CotizacionCondiciones = CotizacionCondiciones.Replace("<p", "<div style='font-size:10pt;'")
            CotizacionCondiciones = CotizacionCondiciones.Replace("</p>", "</div><br /><p></p>")
            CotizacionCondiciones = CotizacionCondiciones.Replace("span", "div style='font-size:10pt;'")
 
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<tr> <td style='line-height:1;'> <p></p>" + CotizacionCondiciones + "</td> </tr>"
 
        End If
        If IncluirFirma = 1 Then
            e.RawHTML = Convert.ToString(e.RawHTML) & "<tr><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td></tr><tr><td style='text-align:center'>___________________________</td></tr><tr><

English | 100 pages | PDF | 45 Mb

The Searcher – August 2017

          Toy Soldier & Model Figure 226 – August/September 2017   
Toy Soldier & Model Figure 226 – August/September 2017

English | 84 pages | PDF | 28.2 Mb

Toy Soldier & Model Figure 226 – August/September 2017
          交通指引   
1.下國道5號高速公路羅東(五結)交流道直行於第2個紅緑燈(中興路,路口為全家便利商店)右轉,直行約5公里左轉,200公尺後遇統一超商右轉,再直行約1公里可達
2.台9線(中正路,由北往南)宜蘭監理站旁紅緑燈右轉(中興路)直行約1公里至路底左轉,200公尺後遇統一超商右轉,再直行約1公里可達
3.台9線(羅東純精路)轉入竹林街後,1.5km後可達
4.由羅東運動公園後方產業道路至竹林街後可達
5.搭乘台灣好行傳藝中心線(沿途經五結,羅東車站)至終點羅東運動公園站步行約10分鐘可達
6.搭乘羅東免費觀光巴士至皇家公園海站步行約5分鐘可達
google map 點選開新視窗資料





 

宜蘭勁好行路線圖

宜蘭勁好行資訊

首都客運

葛瑪蘭汽車客運

台灣鐵路管理局

羅東鎮免費觀光巴士


          Kommentar zu Gemeinsam für Pankows Norden von GL   
Liebe Frau Dr. Nalik, vielen Dank für Ihre Nachricht. Gerade der Pankower Norden wächst momentan enorm, was auch bedeutet, dass die Anzahl neuer Schüler immer weiter steigt. Daher stimme ich Ihnen völlig zu, dass hier sehr dringender Handlungsbedarf besteht. Wie Sie in <a href="http://www.cdupankow.de/unserprogramm.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">unserem Pankower Wahlprogramm</a>(http://www.cdupankow.de/unserprogramm.pdf) nachlesen können, wollen wir, dass sich die Schulbedarfsplanung endlich an die Realität anpasst. Für die Hasengrundschule konkret bedeutet das, dass der Dachstuhl des Gebäudes dringend ausgebaut werden muss, was ich bei meinem letzten Besuch dort im Juni auch deutlich gemacht habe. So ließe sich mittelfristig Abhilfe leisten. Aus meiner Sicht müssen aber auch zeitnah neue Grund- und Oberschulen in Pankow geschaffen werden. Daher versichere ich Ihnen, mich für dieses Anliegen weiterhin einzusetzen. Sollten Sie weitere Fragen oder Anliegen haben, zögern Sie bitte nicht mich wieder zu kontaktieren. Mit besten Grüßen, Ihr Gottfried Ludewig
          PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government   
Capitol Building – Statewide Survey

A majority of Californians disapprove of President Trump’s order banning travel to the US by people from six majority Muslim countries. And most support providing a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants.

Crosstabs:
All Adults [PDF]
Likely Voters [PDF]

Time Trends:
All Adults [PDF]
Likely Voters [PDF]

This research was supported with funding from the James Irvine Foundation, the California Endowment, and the PPIC Donor Circle.

The post PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government appeared first on PPIC.


          Seismic Blasting Would Deafen Marine Mammals   

Seismic Blasting Would Deafen Marine Mammals

The endangered North Atlantic right whale is just one of the marine animals that seismic testing off the East Coast would harm.

The endangered North Atlantic right whale is just one of the marine animals that seismic testing off the East Coast would harm.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Imagine an underwater blast so loud that it can be heard by marine mammals that are 2,500 miles away. That’s the level of noise generated when companies fire airguns to blast the ocean floor with sound in order to find oil and gas deposits.

Such seismic testing could begin soon off the U.S. East Coast after Trump ordered federal agencies to reconsider the Obama administration’s five-year ban on offshore drilling in the Atlantic. On June 6, the National Marine Fisheries Service proposed five authorizations for companies on the hunt for oil and gas. These companies want to conduct seismic surveys of the Atlantic seabed.

The noise would have serious impacts on marine mammals like whales and dolphins, which rely heavily on sound to communicate, navigate and find prey. Flooding the ocean with noise from seismic surveys could inflict permanent hearing damage on these creatures, leaving them deaf and stranded. At the very least, seismic blasts would disrupt the animals’ behavior hundreds of thousands of times and could drive them away from vital habitats.

By granting these five proposed authorizations, the National Marine Fisheries Service would allow marine mammals to become casualties of oil and gas exploration. But it’s not too late—the service is taking public comments on these proposed authorizations until July 6. Below, you can tell the service to deny these dangerous permits, and protect whales and dolphins from seismic airgun blasting.

Take Action! Send your comment to the National Marine Fisheries Service today, and tell the agency that marine mammals deserve a fighting chance.


The following numbers demonstrate how devastating these seismic surveys would be:

240 decibels

Approximate volume of seismic airgun blasting underwater. For a little perspective, one of the loudest animals, the blue whale, makes calls louder than 180 decibels. When you go up by 10 decibels, it means a sound gets 10 times more intense. So a seismic airgun blast is 1 million times more intense than a blue whale call—powerful enough to deafen one of these massive creatures.


2,500 miles

How far seismic blasts can travel underwater—approximately the distance from New York City to Los Angeles. That means it’s possible for a whale near Florida to hear seismic surveys operating off the coast of South Carolina.


200,000 square miles

Area of the Atlantic Ocean that the proposed seismic airgun surveys would blast. The airguns discharge resounding booms at 12 to 16 second intervals, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, for months on end.


350,000

Approximate number of times in one year that whales and dolphins will be harassed by seismic blasting, according to permits drafted by the National Marine Fisheries Service. The service estimates that nearly 2,000 of the exposures will be loud enough to cause permanent hearing loss, which would severely impede the marine mammals’ ability to communicate and find food.


28

Species of marine mammals that the National Marine Fisheries Service would allow companies to harm, if the agency’s proposed authorizations are finalized. Six of these species are endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act, including the North Atlantic Right Whale—a critically endangered species with a population of less than 500.


          Trump Revoked Key Pesticide Protections. We're Fighting Back.   

Trump Revoked Key Pesticide Protections. We're Fighting Back.

The EPA has said that the protections would prevent at least a thousand acute poisonings every year.

The EPA has said that pesticide protections would prevent at least a thousand acute poisonings every year.

Wellphoto/Shutterstock

This past January, three brothers—ages 7, 9 and 11—and their 17-year-old sister, died in their home in Amarillo, Texas, because a highly toxic restricted-use pesticide was improperly applied in their home.

And just two years ago, a family on vacation in the U.S. Virgin Islands and another family in Florida were poisoned after applicators grossly misused restricted-use pesticides. The vacationing father and his children were paralyzed; in Florida, the family’s 10-year old son suffered significant brain damage.

These kinds of tragedies prompted the federal government to enact long overdue updates to the Certification of Pesticide Applicators Rule, also known as the CPA Rule. Designed to protect lives from restricted-use pesticides—some of the most hazardous chemicals that can only be used by certified professionals—the rule hadn’t been updated since Nixon was in office.

The EPA’s revised protections were supposed to go into effect in March, but Trump's new EPA chief, Scott Pruitt, delayed the CPA Rule from going into effect for at least a year. This month, Earthjustice and Farmworker Justice sued the EPA for this unlawful delay.

By delaying this rule, the Trump administration is putting workers, children and families at risk.

The CPA Rule ensures that children are not allowed to apply restricted-use pesticides and that certified applicators get updated annual trainings. It also requires applicators to have access to essential information about the products they use, so that they can wear appropriate protective gear and know what they’ve been exposed to if accidents happen.

By delaying this rule, the Trump administration is putting workers, children and families at risk. They are allowing poorly trained pesticide applicators to handle the most dangerous chemicals in the fields where we grow our food, where we work and where we live.   

Although urban dwellers sporadically face these dangerous pesticides in businesses, homes and schools; there are roughly one million farmworkers who, together with their families, face pesticide exposures on a daily basis. As a second generation Chicana who comes from a lineage of laborers, farmworkers, and in general, a population whose children are nearly twice as likely to attend schools in close proximity to use of hazardous pesticides, the EPA’s delay of the CPA Rule is unacceptable to me on a deeply personal level.

We know that in some areas, 16-year-old kids are applying restricted-use pesticides because there is no minimum age limit for the roughly one million certified applicators nationwide. Moreover, most of the farmworkers facing the gravest pesticide risks are not just migrants, they are often low-income Spanish and indigenous language speakers who need these protections the most.

The EPA estimates that as many as 20,000 farmworkers are poisoned by pesticides every year, yet the agency is still delaying action.

The EPA estimates that as many as 20,000 farmworkers are poisoned by pesticides every year, yet the agency is still delaying action. For perspective, this is like saying that we know every inhabitant in a U.S. town will suffer severe pesticide poisoning each year, but we simply prefer not to take action.

The EPA itself said that the now-delayed rule, which was developed after years of reviews, would prevent at least a thousand acute poisonings every year. While this isn’t enough to get to where we need to be, in a society that values all lives alike, this is a much-needed start. None of us should be OK with delaying life-saving rules.

The federal government may be eager to bow to industry barons who care more about profit than life, but we the people have to defend our families and the most vulnerable populations. So while it’s clear that we can’t count on the Trump administration to do the right thing, we can use the power of the law to force them into action.

In fact, that’s exactly what we’re doing.


          10 conseils pour des soldes éco-responsables   
Les vêtements ont la cote pendant les soldes
Les vêtements ont la cote pendant les soldes

Les réductions sont toutes plus alléchantes les unes que les autres. À prix cassé, on est tenté d'acheter plus. Mais pourquoi se précipiter ? Pendant les soldes, on peut aussi faire des achats réfléchis et éco-responsables.

Les vitrines des magasins affichent jusqu'à -70 %. Pendant les soldes, tout est mis en œuvre pour attirer le chaland. D’autant que cet hiver, les stocks sont plus importants que les années précédentes1. Ce sont surtout les vêtements qui attirent le plus les consommateurs, mais aussi les appareils électriques et électroniques, l’ameublement, les produits cosmétiques et d'hygiène...2

Comment concilier bonnes affaires et éco-consommation ?

Craquer à la seconde sur tout ce qui passe devant les yeux n'est bien sûr pas très écologique. Mais on peut très bien faire la chasse aux bonnes affaires tout en gardant une place à l’éco-consommation

Quelques gestes simples pendant les soldes

1 - Prendre le temps de faire le tri.

On jette un oeil dans ses armoires et dans son électro pour identifier ses besoins, afin d'éviter des achats impulsifs et inutiles.

2 - Faire une liste des objets nécessaires.

On la rédige évidemment avant d'aller faire du shopping. Et on essaye de s'y tenir !

3 - Penser aux alternatives à un nouvel achat.

La récup’, le réemploi permettent de faire des bonnes affaires toute l'année. Les électroménagers ElectroRev sont vendus au tiers du prix neuf, révisés et garantis un an par des magasins travaillant en économie sociale. On peut aussi penser aux donneries, au troc... S'il s'agit de remplacer un appareil cassé, penser d'abord à la réparation, en participant par exemple à un Repair Café.

4 - Faire du repérage pour se donner le temps de réfléchir.

Pendant les soldes, attendre avant d’acheter peut faire rater une occasion. Pour éviter la frustration, s’informer sur les produits disponibles avant que les soldes ne commencent (ou au début de celles-ci) donne le temps de se renseigner et de faire des achats plus réfléchis.

5 - Essayer vêtements et chaussures.

Beaucoup d'articles soldés ne sont ni repris, ni échangés. On évitera de se trouver avec des articles qui ne conviennent finalement pas.

6 - Projeter ses achats dans la vie de tous les jours.

« Quand l'utiliser ? », « À quelle occasion et avec quoi le porter ? », « Est-il facile d'utilisation et d'entretien ? »... Un article très original à -50 % devient vite un achat de trop s'il est relégué au fond de l’armoire.

7 - Privilégier la qualité.

L’important est l’objet que l’on achète, pas d’obtenir la meilleure réduction possible ! Mieux vaut acheter un produit un peu plus cher qui durera longtemps qu’un produit bon marché qui finira vite à la poubelle. Ce sont de bonnes affaires sur le long terme !

8 - Vérifier les labels et les étiquettes.

Sur les vêtements, qu’il s’agisse de jeans, de vêtements de plein air ou autres, les labels identifient des textiles écologiques et équitables. Le site d'achAct permet aussi de vérifier l’engagement des marques concernant le respect des droits des travailleurs. Côté électros, on peut aussi repérer les appareils plus écologiques grâce à leur étiquette et leurs labels. Et Topten.be repère les appareils efficaces et peu énergivores.

9 - Regrouper ses achats en ligne.

Si on fait son shopping sur Internet, préférer patienter un peu plus longtemps et se faire livrer tous ses articles en une livraison. On évite aussi de renvoyer ses colis.

10 - Optimiser ses trajets.

Si on opte pour les soldes en magasin, on peut s’organiser une journée shopping à plusieurs, en famille ou entre amis. Cela permet d’adoucir sa mobilité mais aussi de recevoir un avis sur ses coups de cœur avant d'acheter, et de partager des bons moments.

 

--------------------------------

Mots-clés : 


          Zuwanderungsmonitor Juni 2017    

Die Zahl der neu ankommenden Flüchtlinge bleibt auf dem Niveau der Vormonate. Im Mai 2017 wurden 15.000 Personen erfasst – im Vergleich zu 16.000 Personen im Mai 2016.

Die Arbeitslosenquote der ausländischen Bevölkerung lag im April 2017 bei 15,0 Prozent und ist im Vergleich zum Vorjahresmonat um 0,4 Prozentpunkte gesunken. Die Beschäftigungsquote der ausländischen Bevölkerung ist trotz des starken Zuzugs von Flüchtlingen insgesamt um 1,4 Prozentpunkte gestiegen, die der EU-Staatsbürger um 1,5 Prozentpunkte. Die SGB-II-Hilfequote der ausländischen Bevölkerung insgesamt lag im März 2017 bei 21,0 Prozent und ist gegenüber dem Vorjahresmonat um 3,1 Prozentpunkte gestiegen. Die Quote für die Bevölkerung aus Bulgarien und Rumänien ist mit 0,4 Prozentpunkten im Vergleich zum Vorjahr leicht gesunken.

Zuwanderungsmonitor Juni 2017


          Einschätzung des IAB zur wirtschaftlichen Lage, Juni 2017   

Im ersten Quartal 2017 ist das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) saison- und kalenderbereinigt um kräftige 0,6 Prozent gestiegen. Die deutsche Wirtschaft wuchs damit genauso stark wie der EU Durchschnitt. Auch im zweiten Quartal dürfte die gesamtwirtschaftliche Entwicklung weiter ähnlich positiv verlaufen. Die Einschätzung der Unternehmen zur aktuellen Wirtschaftslage bricht erneut Rekorde. Die Beschäftigung steigt weiter.

Aktueller Bericht, Juni 2017


          Useful Linux information and good reading for Linux users.   
Useful Linux e-books and further reading for Linux users Guide to the Linux command line: http://www.securitronlinux.com/lc/Linux-Command-Line-Guide%20.png. Useful guide to the Linux command line for Linux newcomers. Guide to Linux permissions. How to set the permissions for Linux files with the command line: http://www.securitronlinux.com/lc/112_sysadmin_permissions.pdf. Debian Linux handbook. Useful information and tips for Linux newcomers: http://www.securitronlinux.com/lc/debian-handbook.pdf. Ubuntu …


          Living an awesome life as a 27-year-old: a year in blog posts   
Happy birthday to me! =) I’m celebrating my 28th birthday today. Here’s the year in blog posts (August 2010 – July 2011): http://sachachua.com/notebook/files/sacha-chua-27.pdf . Blogging as a 27-year-old: 391 published posts, 382 pages long, more than 190,000 words. If you’re curious, you can see what I was blogging as a 26-year-old and as a 25-year-old. […]
          Operator of Illegal Bitcoin Exchange Coin.mx Sentenced to Prison   
coinmx.jpg

Anthony Murgio, 33, of Tampa, Florida, has been sentenced to five and a half years in prison for running a Bitcoin exchange connected to hackers. The exchange was used to launder more than $10 million worth of funds, authorities reported.

Both Murgio and Yuri Lebedev, 39, of St. John’s, Florida, operated Coin.mx through a fraudulent company called “Collectables Club.” According to the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York, the illegal Bitcoin exchange used the firm’s misleading name to open financial accounts at banks pretending to be a “members-only association of individuals who discussed, bought, and sold collectible items and memorabilia.” Murgio and Lebedev, along with other co-conspirators, violated bank and credit card company rules and regulations by “deliberately misidentifying and miscoding Coin.mx customers’ credit and debit card transactions.”

“Lies conceived and deployed by Murgio permeated every aspect of Coin.mx’s operation, including its use of front companies, like Collectables Club and Currency Enthusiasts, to try to conceal the illicit nature of the operation,” the Department of Justice stated in its sentencing submission.

On January 9, Murgio pled guilty to three counts regarding operating Coin.mx, which processed over $10 million worth of illegal Bitcoin transactions. Murgio ran the Bitcoin exchange between October 2013 and July 2015 for Gery Shalon, 33, an Israeli citizen who was responsible for hacking at least nine companies, including JPMorgan Chase, E-Trade Financial Corporation and Dow Jones. Coin.mx sold bitcoins that came from illegal online transactions, such as victim payments to ransomware attackers who sought to launder the cryptocurrencies clean.

“I screwed up badly and made serious mistakes and misjudgments,” Murgio said, showing remorse, to U.S. District Judge Alison J. Nathan at his sentencing.

Shalon, along with Ziv Orenstein, 42, compromised data on approximately 76 million household customers and 7 million businesses by hacking the nine companies. U.S. officials described their operation as a “diversified criminal conglomerate” responsible for the largest theft of valuable information from a U.S. bank. The compromised data included the names of customers, along with email addresses and phone numbers. Authorities collected evidence stating that Murgio exchanged cash for the bitcoins of Shalon’s criminal gang. Israeli police arrested Shalon and Orenstein in July 2015, and they were extradited to the United States in June 2016. Both are facing serious charges, including aggravated identity theft, wire fraud and money laundering.

“Mr. Murgio led an effort based on ambition and greed,” and constructed on a “pyramid of lies,” Judge Nathan said during the sentencing hearing at the Manhattan federal court.

On March 17, a Manhattan jury found Lebedev and his co-conspirator Trevon Gross, 52, of New Jersey, guilty of charges connected to a bribery scheme in an attempt to hide the illegal activities of Coin.mx from financial institutes and regulators. Both of the defendants are facing a maximum sentence of 30 years in prison. Judge Nathan scheduled the sentencing hearing of Lebedev and Gross for July 20, 2017.

Murgio’s father, Michael Murgio, 66, was also involved in the Coin.mx case. In October, the father plead guilty to “making a false statement to the National Credit Union Administration on behalf of his son.” By making a plea deal, Michael Murgio managed to avoid additional charges in the case, including “conspiracy to make corrupt payments with intent to influence an officer of a financial institution and making corrupt payments.” Judge Nathan sentenced the elder Murgio to one year of probation along with a $12,000 fine.

The FBI arrested both Lebedev and Murgio on July 23, 2015, for “running an unlicensed bitcoin exchange with the goal of helping individuals launder money.”

Despite the prosecution’s request for 10 to 12 years and seven months behind bars, the Manhattan federal court sentenced Murgio to five and a half years in prison. According to Reuters, Judge Nathan considered Murgio’s “generosity to friends and support to his family” and imposed a prison sentence half as long as the prosecutor recommended.

Judge Nathan has scheduled a hearing on September 1 to decide on the amount of fines, forfeiture and restitution Murgio has to pay to the state. The operator of the illegal Bitcoin exchange remains free on bail.

The post Operator of Illegal Bitcoin Exchange Coin.mx Sentenced to Prison appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.


          How a Bitcoin Whitehat Hacker Helped the FBI Catch a Murderer   
whitehat (1).jpg

An ethical hacker breached the database of a phony darknet website offering hitman services and leaked the data. The information from the data dump helped the FBI in their investigation of a man who murdered his wife.

In November 2016, Stephen Carl Allwine, 47, of Cottage Grove, Minnesota, killed his wife in “one of the most bizarre cases ever seen,” police officers reported. The husband tried to mask the murder as a suicide, including putting a 9 mm pistol next to Amy Allwine’s elbow. However, detectives arriving on the scene identified the case as murder and collected evidence — mostly electronic devices, such as computers — belonging to Mr. Allwine. Later on, in January, investigators arrested and charged Mr. Allwine with second-degree murder based on the forensic evaluation of the confiscated electronic equipment.

In May 2016, a hacker called “bRpsd” breached the database of a controversial hitman service offered on a darknet website. The service, “Besa Mafia,” offered a link between customers and hitmen, who could register on the site anonymously. The price for a murder ranged between $5,000 and $200,000, but clients seeking to avoid fatalities could also hire a contractor to beat up a victim for $500 or set somebody’s car on fire for $1,000.

The hacker uploaded the data dump to a public internet website. The leaked files contained user accounts, email addresses, personal messages between the Besa Mafia admin and its customers, “hit” orders and a folder named “victims,” providing additional information on the targets.

The breach highlighted the fake nature of the website, which operated only to collect money from the customers. Chris Monteiro, an independent researcher who also hacked into the site, stated the owner or owners of Besa Mafia had made at least 50 bitcoins ($127,500 based on the current value of the cryptocurrency) from the scam operation.

According to a message posted by a Besa Mafia administrator and uncovered in the dump, “[T]his website is to scam criminals of their money. We report them for 2 reasons: to stop murder, this is moral and right; to avoid being charged with conspiracy to murder or association to murder, if we get caught.”

The leak of the Besa Mafia database helped the police investigating the murder of Mrs. Allwine. As the officers analyzed her husband’s devices, they discovered the suspect had accessed the dark web as early as 2014. Furthermore, investigators identified the pseudonym Mr. Allwine used on the darknet, “dogdaygod,” which was also linked to his email, “dogdaygod@hmamail.com,” in some cases. Detectives found bitcoin addresses in the conversations between Besa Mafia and Mr. Allwine, which linked the husband directly to the “dogdaygod” pseudonym, providing authorities with necessary evidence for the case.

Eventually, law enforcement agents analyzed the data dump bRpsd leaked and discovered Mr. Allwine’s email in the list. In addition, investigators found messages between the suspect and the Besa Mafia admin. According to a criminal complaint, Mr. Allwine paid between $10,000 to $15,000 to the supposed hitman service to kill his wife. The complaint detailed how Mr. Allwine had decided to have the hitman shoot Mrs. Allwine at close range and burn down the house afterward.

However, once the funds were transferred, the Besa Mafia communicator told Mr. Allwine that “local police [have] stopped the hitman [from] driving a stolen vehicle and taken [him] to jail prior to the hit,” thus rendering him unable to complete his “service.” The complaint cited Sergeant McAlister who reported that during that time, “no one was apprehended in Minnesota and western Wisconsin in a stolen vehicle and possession of a gun.”

It is likely that the ethical hacker’s data breach had an impact on Mr. Allwine’s case; on March 24, 2017, the Washington County District Court charged him with first-degree murder. In addition, officers have gathered more evidence in the case — a drug called scopolamine was discovered at 45 times higher than the recommended level in Mrs. Allwine’s body. Investigators subsequently discovered that her husband had also ordered the substance on the dark web.

The post How a Bitcoin Whitehat Hacker Helped the FBI Catch a Murderer appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.


          Pantone colorcue tm digital   
Maquina para sacar colores clasificados en superficie y material varias cartas y sistemas la más principal pantone da todos los datos de composición de tonalidad ideal pintores, decoradores y artes graficas http://www.flexoexchange.com/downloads/color-cue-manual.pdf
          The Brno Trade Fairs and its Surroundings   
Registration Deadline: Aug 21, 2017; Submission Deadline: Aug 21, 2017

The subject of the competiiton is an urban design idea proposal for the Trade Fairs Brno site and part of the Brno wateworks connected to adjacent terminal and Riviera recreation area, which will show new way of using the development areas and the possibilities of the better integration of the complex to the city organism. The proposal in the scope of the urban study will be processed on the entire territory in accordance with the competition brief (see document P01). During the designing it is necessary to respect the generous urban concept of the Trade Fairs site based on the clearly structured public spaces surrounded by exhibition pavilions with great architectural value.

Competition Goals 

The competiton goal is to obtain quality urban proposals which will be the basis for spatial planning documention change. The proposals should have a unifying concept, long-term sustainability and should naturally and functionally integrate the site into the city organism. The announcer wants to obtain a solution that will strenghten and improve exhibition and congress function of the site and find new functions for currently unused parts of the complex and improve the openess of the area to the public.

More: http://kambrno.cz/wp-content/u...

Read the full post on Bustler
          Can Trump Succeed Where Reagan Failed?   
(AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

People with family members who were killed by undocumented immigrants meet with Attorney General Jeff Sessions on June 29, 2017.

On Thursday, the House passed the No Sanctuary for Criminals Act, which proposes to withhold federal funding from localities that refuse to cooperate with Trump administration immigration measures aimed at criminal noncitizens and other undocumented people. The bill would also allow individuals and close family members of individuals who are victims of felonies committed by undocumented immigrants who have been released from local or state custody against the advice of federal authorities to file suit against states.

The day before, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu, the new president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors, called on Congress to work on bipartisan immigration and criminal justice law reforms, adding that cities could use more federal assistance to fight terrorism and crime, and provide mental illness, substance abuse, and reentry programs.

Landrieu said in a letter to House members that local leaders do not want their law enforcement officers involved in federal immigration detention activities, nor do they want to be put in legal jeopardy for possible violations of the Fourth Amendment’s prohibitions against unreasonable searches and seizures. (A related bill known as Kate’s Law would establish new mandatory minimum prison terms for deported criminals who return to the United States.)

The sanctuary cities battle, like so many of Trump’s hastily conceived and poorly executed policies, appears headed for another showdown, either when the bills arrive in the Senate, or, in the unlikely event that the upper chamber drums up the 60 votes needed to approve them, almost certainly in the courts.

While the Trumpian turmoil is new, past presidents’ attempts to compel localities to comply with federal policies have met with mixed success. A new report, “Reagan vs. Cities: The 20th Century Battle Over South African Apartheid & Lessons for the Trump Era,” from Jobs to Move America and the Center for Media and Democracy, details the 40th president’s efforts to stamp out the U.S. anti-apartheid movement by several means, including denying federal funds to cities and states that took actions against companies that did business in South Africa.

The report explores the mixed outcomes for two cities that sought to stand their ground against this federal overreach. In 1984, the U.S. Department of Transportation, with the backing of the Justice Department, threatened New York City with the loss of transportation dollars unless the city revoked a local ordinance preventing city officials from contracting with businesses that operated in South Africa or used materials from the country. Although Mayor Ed Koch complained all the way up to President Ronald Reagan, the feisty New Yorker finally backed down, declined to take the matter to the courts, and finally reworked the measure to satisfy federal officials and preserve the city’s federal funding.

Two years later, Baltimore, which had crafted a local ordinance requiring city pension funds to divest $1.1 billion from entities that did business with South Africa, also came under fire. The trustees of the pensions funds and the funds’ beneficiaries (who feared significant financial losses in the short timeframe the funds had to comply with the divestment ordinance) joined forces to take the city to court.

The State Department and the National Security Council submitted briefs supporting the trustees and beneficiaries. But Baltimore ultimately prevailed in the state courts, and the Supreme Court decided not to hear the case. By 1991, nearly 100 cities in 28 states had taken a variety of actions against companies doing business in South Africa.

Although an early attempt by Trump to deny federal funding to sanctuary cities was roundly criticized as unconstitutional (the president aimed to usurp powers granted to Congress) and ultimately blocked by a federal judge, Republicans in Congress have stepped up to take their turn at the issue. Federal courts likely will have the final word on whether the federal government can compel states to assist in immigration enforcement activities or whether such provisions infringe on state powers.

Congress can indeed attach conditions to funding, especially if the funding is related to a specific purpose like law enforcement. Since the Supreme Court has indicated its willingness to consider wider immigration questions like those posed by the administration’s travel ban, it is unlikely that the high court would decline to weigh in, as it did in the Baltimore pension funds question.

Like the anti-apartheid activists, sanctuary cities supporters may find that public response to the crisis may compel different responses from Washington. Grassroots efforts to protect undocumented people have sprouted up all over the country; nearly 650 of the country’s more than 3,000 counties have placed limitations on local law enforcement assistance to federal immigration detention efforts.

But the support for such measures is far from solid in the country at large. Lawmakers in more than 30 states have introduced bills to curb cities’ abilities to weigh in on immigration enforcement. A new Gallup poll shows that Americans’ interests in decreasing the numbers of immigrants admitted to the country have not shifted dramatically.

The “Reagan vs. Cities” report also notes that in addition to cutting off federal funds and other measures, Trump’s tactics include “a public relations strategy aimed at vilifying opponents.” The court of public opinion, however, isn’t always malleable. Reagan may have been the “great communicator,” but he was mostly unable to compel cities and states to abandon divestment and other economic strategies aimed at crippling South African apartheid. Trump, if anything, is more of a great alienator than communicator, who will ultimately run up against the numerical impossibility of deporting millions of undocumented people.


          Venda de serviços de fisioterapia em sites coletivos está proibida   

A venda de pacotes de serviços de fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional, por meio de sites de compras coletivas foi proibida pelo Conselho Federal de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional (Coffito). A medida foi publicada no Diário Oficial da União (DOU) nesta quarta-feira (24). Segundo informações do Coffito, até o momento, não foi registrada nenhuma morte ou problema de saúde grave devido à venda indiscriminada dos serviços. No entanto, a ideia é fazer um trabalho preventivo.

A Resolução nº 391, de 18 de agosto de 2011, alerta que nessas ofertas os usuários podem adquirir um procedimento sem a avaliação de um profissional. Segundo o presidente do Coffito, Dr. Roberto Cepeda, a comercialização desses pacotes sem diagnóstico pode por em risco a saúde dos indivíduos. “É uma questão de saúde. O profissional deve fazer primeiro uma avaliação e, só depois, indicar o tratamento mais adequado”, explica. 

Entre os tipos mais comuns de tratamentos oferecidos nos sites de vendas coletivas estão a drenagem linfática, radiofrequência e a aplicação de Manthus. A fiscalização será realizada pelos Conselhos Regionais de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional (Crefitos) e por meio de denúncias. O CrefitoSP solicita aos profissionais do Estado de São Paulo que se abstenham de oferecer seus serviços em sites de compra coletiva, cumprindo o determinado na Resolução do Coffito. A punição para quem desrespeitar a resolução vai de advertência até a suspensão do exercício profissional.

Fonte: http://www.crefito.com.br/admin/m_noticia.asp?not=962

Imagem: internet.

"Como fisioterapeuta, admiro e parabenizo a decisão do Coffito. Um tratamento só pode ser prescrito após uma avaliação, e até mesmo os mais aparentemente inofensivos possuem contra-indicações. Cuidar de pessoas é algo sério e não deve ser banalizado."

          Quem pode ministrar aulas de Pilates?   

Hoje falarei de um assunto que tem causado muita polêmica. Pelo menos é o que vejo nas páginas da internet, além da confusão entre clientes interessados em praticar o método. Afinal, quem pode ministrar aulas de Pilates?

Atualmente, a maioria dos cursos nacionais são apenas aos Educadores Físicos e Fisioterapeutas. Mas provavelmente ainda existam cursos para Bailarinos e outros profissionais da saúde. Porém independente disso, desde que o profissional tenha um certificado válido ele pode ser Intrutor de Pilates. Devemos apenas nos atentar com certificados estrangeiros não validados no Brasil, e isso vale para qualquer profissional.

Vale lembrar que a sucessora de Joseph Pilates foi bailarina, escolhida pelo próprio criador do método. Então precisamos aprender a respeitar os diversos profissionais ao invés de nos julgarmos melhores.

De qualquer forma, falarei quanto a fisioterapia, que é minha área de atuação. A maior briga que tenho visto são entre Educadores Físicos e Fisioterapeutas, que deveriam ser aliados e não inimigos. Mesmo porque quando uma pessoa recebe um atendimento interdisciplinar (diferentes profissionais interagindo entre si), ela passa a ter muito mais benefícios à saúde.

Toda a briga tem sido causada porque a Resolução CFEF nº 201, de 18 de março de 2010, diz que as evidências históricas e metodológicas definem Pilates como método e modalidade de ginástica, e usado da maneira original ou como modalidade de ginástica, atende aos propósitos da promoção, prevenção, proteção e recuperação da saúde, enquadrando-se portanto no controle ético profissional regulamentado da Educação Física. Sendo assim, essa resolução define o Pilates como método privativo do Professor de Educação Física. 

Porém a Resolução CREFITO nº 28, de 29 de janeiro de 2009, define que o uso do método Pilates como técnica de cinesioterapia (terapia através do movimento) requer conhecimentos que fazem parte das diretrizes curriculares dos cursos de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional. Sendo assim, a utilização clínica do método se enquadra no âmbito do controle ético e profissional dessas profissões. Portanto, a utilização do Pilates como tratamento cinesioterapêutico funcional, mesmo que preventivo, cabe as Fisioterapeutas e Terapeutas Ocupacionais.

Antes que alguém comente que a Resolução do CREFITO é mais antiga, devo deixar claro que a data de uma Resolução não a torna inválida.

Li também alguns comentário de profissionais dizendo que para fazer Pilates com Fisioterapeuta é preciso pedido médico, e outros dizendo que nós não podemos atuar na prevenção. Ressalto que como vocês podem ler na matéria que postei neste blog denominada "Fisioterapia", nossa profissão é independente e o paciente não precisa de pedido médico para nos procurar (embora por burocracias isso aconteça nos planos de saúde, no atendimento particular não é necessário), lembrando que o mesmo têm uma diferença imensa com diagnóstico médico, fundamental para focar o tratamento e/ou excluir doenças e lesões. Ainda nessa matéria fica explícito nossas funções regulamentadas por Lei, e dentro delas a prevenção faz  parte tanto quanto a reabilitação.

E para finalizar esclareço que cabe a cada um, dentro da sua profissão, aplicar com competência métodos ou técnicas, com conhecimentos específicos, para atingir os objetivos do cliente.

Educador Físico e Fisioterapeuta atuam com prevenção, Educador Físico com condicionamento físico, e Fisioterapeuta com reabilitação. Cabe ao cliente procurar um profissional que possui competência para focar em seus objetivos, e principalmente cabe ao profissional indicar outro quando o objetivo do cliente não abrange a sua atuação. Infelizmente nem sempre isso acontece, mas atuar com responsabilidade traz muito mais satisfação, seja profissional, pessoal ou financeira, do que atuar com egoísmo fazendo aquilo que não lhe competi.

Fonte: http://www.tributosdodf.com.br/index.php/content/view/10406.html

Fonte: http://semesp.org.br/portal/pdfs/juridico2009/resolucoes/04.03.09/28_29.01.09.pdf

Imagem: Internet.
          Permendikbud No 17 Tahun 2017 Tentang PPDB   
Menyongsong Tahun Pelajaran Baru 2017/2018 pada Bulan Juli 2017 mendatang, Kementerian Pendidikan  dan Kebudayaan telah mengeluarkan Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 17 Tahun 2017 tentang Penerimaan Peserta Didik Baru Pada Taman Kanak-Kanak, Sekolah Dasar, Sekolah Menengah Pertama, Sekolah Menengah Atas, Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, Atau Bentuk Lain Yang Sederajat. Permendikbud ini bertujuan untuk memberikan acuan dan pedoman bagi Satuan Pendidikan dalam menyelenggarakan proses penerimaan siswa baru agar dilakukan secara objektif, akuntable, transparan, dan tanpa deskriminasi guna meningkatkan akses layanan pendidikan.

Dalam Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 17 Tahun 2017 tentang Penerimaan Peserta Didik Baru Pada Taman Kanak-Kanak, Sekolah Dasar, Sekolah Menengah Pertama, Sekolah Menengah Atas, Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, Atau Bentuk Lain Yang Sederajat ini akan mengatur hal-hal sebagai berikut:
BAB I     Ketentuan Umum
BAB II Tujuan
BAB III Tata Cara PPDB
BAB IV Perpindahan Peserta Didik
BAB V Rombongan Belajar
BAB VI Pelaporan dan Pengawasan
BAB VII Larangan
BAB VIII Sanksi
BAB IX Ketentuan Lain-lain
BAB X Ketentuan Peralihan
BAB XI Ketentuan Penutup


Link Unduhan:
Permendikbud Nomor 17 Tahun 2017 (PDF)

          Hasil Bintek K-13 di Bogor Tahun 2017   
Untuk memfasilitasi sekolah (SMP) meningkatkan kompetensi kepala sekolah dan guru serta membantu sekolah mengimplementasikan K13, Direktorat Pembinaan SMP menyelenggarakan Bimbingan Teknis (Bimtek) dan pendampingan pelaksanaan K13 bagi SMP. Bimbingan Teknis dan
pendampingan pelaksanaan K13 tersebut – dengan sejumlah program pendukung lainnya – diharapkan mampu menjadikan jumlah SMP pelaksana K13 naik secara signifikan setiap tahun. Pada tahun 2017 ditargetkan sekitar 13.731 (35%) SMP telah melaksanakan K13, sementara tahun 2017 diharapkan 24.004 SMP (62%), tahun 2018 sebanyak 38.535 SMP (100%) di seluruh wilayah Indonesia sudah melaksanakan K13.

Bimbingan Teknis dan pendampingan implementasi K13 diselenggarakan dengan melibatkan peranserta Direktorat Pembinaan SMP, Lembaga Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan (LPMP), Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi, Dinas Pendidikan Kabupaten/Kota, sekolah pelaksana Kurikulum 2013 dengan
peran/tugas masing-masing. Agar semua pihak yang terlibat dalam penyelenggaraan pelatihan dan pendampingan tersebut dapat menjalankan peran/tugasnya dengan baik, perlu dibuat panduan pelaksanaan pelatihan dan pendampingan pelaksanaan K13 di SMP. Panduan tersebut antara lain
mengatur ketentuan mengenai tujuan, sasaran/peserta, struktur program, materi, strategi, pendanaan, pengelolaan, dan pelaporan pelaksanaan pelatihan dan pendampingan.

Adapun bahan/materi Bimtek Penyegaran Kurikulum 2013 yang dapat kami share sbb:
1. Buku Guru Revisi Tahun 2017
    a. Bahasa Indonesia                (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    b. Bahasa Inggris                    (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    c. Matematika                         (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    d. Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam     (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    e. Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial    (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    f. Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan   (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    g. Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga Kesehatan (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    h. Prakarya                             (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    i.  Seni Budaya                       (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
2. Panduan Penilaian Kurilum 2013 Revisi Tahun 2017   (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
3. Silabus Kurikulum 2013 Revisi    (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
4. Materi Paparan Umum
     a. Dinamika Perkembangan Kurikulum 2013   (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
     b. Materi Literasi dalam Pembelajaran             (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
     c. Penilaian untuk Pembelajaran Kur 2013       (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
     d. Gerakan Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter     (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
     e. Strategi Literasi dalam Pembelajaran           (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
5. Panduan Pengelolaan
    a. Panduan Pelaksanaan Muatan Lokal   (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    b. Panduan Pengelolaan Laboratorium    (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    c. Panduan Penyusunan RPP SMP          (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    d. Panduan Pemanfaatan Lingkungan Sekolah   (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    e. Panduan Pemanfaatan Perpustakaan    (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    f.  Panduan Pengelolaan Kurikulum        (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    g. Pengelolaan Media Pembelajaran        (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    h. Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan Lab Bahasa    (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
    i.  Panduan Penelusuran Bakat dan Minat          (Unduh disini) atau (disini)
6. Panduan Pembelajaran SMP               (Unduh disini) atau (disini)

    Tambahan:
7. Aplikasi Penilaian Kurikulum 2013 untuh SMP (Unduh disini) atau (Disini)
8. Aplikasi Penilaian Kurikulum 2013 untuh SD    (Unduh disini) atau (Disini)

Sumber :  http://purnawanto.blogspot.co.id
          ENDOVISION 2017   

RETROUVEZ NOS PARTENAIRES AU CONGRES


POUR VOUS RENDRE AU CONGRES

A réclamer auprès du secrétariat


POUR VOUS LOGER AU CONGRES


Dr C. BOUTSIOUKIS            Pr. R DE MOOR          DR L. CHAVEZ DE PAZ

 

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          Ugandan community reaches agreement with British company   

In September 2011, Oxfam profiled a land deal in Uganda in which villagers were being evicted to make way for timber plantations. Now, the Mubende community has signed a Final Agreement with the New Forests Company (NFC), concluding nearly 15 months of negotiations that were facilitated by the Office of ComplianceAdvisor/Ombudsman (CAO). The CAO handles complaints from communities affected by investments made by the International Finance Corporation, the private sector arm of the World Bank.

Oxfam welcomes that an agreement has been reached through mediation. As part of this agreement, NFC will contribute funds into a community-run cooperative that has been set-up by the Mubende community. NFC will also implement development projects to benefit the affected community. The community remains far from restoring its livelihoods but the outcome of the mediation process provides a basis for community members to start to rebuild their lives.

"I am optimistic about the future but this will depend on how soon we are able to get land. At the moment we are not farming or raising animals but I am hopefulthat through the co-operative we will be able to buy land and move forward," said Emmanuel Bagibariho, a community representative from Mubende who was part of the team that negotiated the agreement on behalf of the affected community.

Oxfam has been providing support to the Mubende community throughout the CAO mediation process, and we commend the eight community representatives who worked tirelessly to get the best possible deal that they could through this process. We will work with Mubende community members so that they can quickly develop the new cooperative as a means to improving their livelihoods. 

Oxfam is also continuing to support and advise a second community from neighboring Kiboga district. This community is in a separate mediation process, also facilitated by CAO, with NFC. We are hopeful that the Kiboga community’s discussions with NFC could also lead to an agreement between the company and the community.

If you would like more information, you can read the CAO’s report about the Mubende mediation.

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          The New Forests Company and its Uganda plantations: Oxfam Case Study   

London-based New Forests Company (NFC) would seem to be the design blueprint of how a young modern company should conduct a major land investment in Africa in a responsible way. Oxfam’s investigations reveal, however, that serious allegations by people who were evicted from land to make way for NFC’s operations remain unresolved. How will the company respond?

Today, the people evicted from the land are desperate, having been driven into poverty and landlessness. In some instances they say they were subjected to violence and their property, crops, and livestock destroyed. They say they were not properly consulted, have been offered no adequate compensation, and have received no alternative land.

Oxfam believes that the affected communities in Kiboga and Mubende deserve to have their case heard and to see justice done.

In Oxfam’s view, NFC and its financial backers must be held to account for the lost
livelihoods and shattered lives of families evicted from the land they farmed. Oxfam is
calling on NFC and its investors to:

  • Hold a full investigation into the events in Kiboga and Mubende, and make the terms of reference for the investigation and its findings, public;
  • Commit to a transparent and accountable process to provide justice for the affected communities and, in consultation with affected communities and local and national authorities, ensure the provision of alternative land and compensation for lost homes, crops, livestock, and livelihoods;
  • Provide damages for any abuses found to have been suffered by affected communities; 
  • Where failures are found, commit to reform their policies, standards, and procedures, so that such abuses can never happen again.
* * *

Uganda land case update, 8 July 2013

In September 2011, Oxfam profiled a land deal in Uganda in which villagers were being evicted to make way for timber plantations. Read an update about the case.

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Matt Grainger, Oxfam; Kate Geary, Oxfam
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          More employers promoting financial wellness among employees   

Surveys show employees' money angst hurts productivity

By Mark Huffman of ConsumerAffairs
June 29, 2017

PhotoAfter several high-profile and well-paid professional athletes retired from their sport in near-bankruptcy, leagues began providing rookies with some financial coaching in addition to athletic coaching.

It's made a difference, as more players now have diversified portfolios to fall back on when their playing days are over.

When you boil it down, it's an example of a financial wellness program -- learning good habits to build wealth and avoiding financial mistakes. These days, businesses are adopting a similar approach, with financial wellness programs becoming a popular employee benefit.

SunTrust has just rolled out a financial wellness program and reports Home Depot, Delta Airlines, Equifax, McKee Foods, Waffle House, Haverty's, and 1-800 Contacts are among the early adopters.

Financial fitness programs

"More than 40% of Americans live paycheck to paycheck, and 75% report experiencing financial stress," said Bill Rogers, CEO of SunTrust. "Progressive companies can improve overall wellness in America by offering a financial fitness program for their employees."

Participating employees take part in workshops and online sessions to learn how to establish financial goals. The program stresses the importance of having an emergency savings fund and managing spending habits.

SunTrust says a follow-up survey found employees who had a household budget rose from 43% before the start of the program to 87% when it was completed. By the time the program ended, nearly all participants had set up an emergency funds and increased their contributions to retirement savings accounts by 35 percent.

No sales pitches

SunTrust stresses that its program is non-profit and there are no advertisements or sales pitches for financial products anywhere in the curriculum.

"We've had terrific feedback from our associates about this program," said Scott Smith, vice president of Human Resources at Home Depot. "It's a great way for us to put more power behind the great financial benefits we already offer."

You're likely to hear more about these programs in the months ahead, and maybe even have access to one at your place of employment.

PWC's 2017 Employee Financial Wellness Survey found that employees' financial stress takes a toll on company productivity. Nearly a third of employees said they are distracted by personal financial issues while at work. Nearly half admit to spending three hours or more each week dealing with personal finances at work.

What's behind this growing financial stress? Not surprisingly, for many it is student loan debt.

Forty percent of Millennials and 31% of Gen X employees with student loans reported these debts are having a significant impact on their ability to set and meet other financial goals.

Companies interested in adding a financial wellness program can learn more by reading this report from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.


          07/16 - 07/22   

view full size ad: html or pdf


* all deals subject to change/regional differences *
always check your local ad!

source:
thanks and credit to Virago06 @ slickdeals for ad photos
did i miss a hot rite aid deal? do you have photos of a rite aid ad or sale tag to share?
contact me here!


          Links for 06/30/17   
Distinctly Catholic

Kudos to Bishop Patrick McGrath of San Jose, California, for clarifying that in his diocese, families that present themselves for a funeral in good faith are to be given a funeral. As a sign of how the Francis Revolution is taking hold, I will venture the prediction that we will see more bishops follow McGrath's example than Paprocki's. 


          Esse cara montou uma réplica funcional de câmbio de 6 marchas usando LEGO   

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Igor Napol, no TecMundo

Os bloquinhos e peças de LEGO permitem que uma galera talentosa crie coisas impressionantes, como réplicas de carros em tamanho real, conceitos de veículos futuristas e testes de colisão que são, no mínimo, muito curiosos.

É por isso que a criação de um sueco, identificado apenas como Dgustafsson13, não fica atrás: o rapaz criou um câmbio de seis marchas utilizando peças da linha Technic da marca de bloquinhos que funciona como um modelo real. Além dos blocos, um motor e engrenagens da linha Power Functions são usados para fazer a coisa toda girar – e é algo espetacular de se ver.

O criador do pequenino câmbio explica que tudo a transmissão é sincronizada, como em um câmbio de verdade, o que significa que você não pode “comer” marchas. Como o rapaz é muito gente boa, ele disponibilizou um passo a passo de como você pode montar o seu próprio câmbio.

Por incrível que pareça, a montagem é bastante simples e talvez ajude bastante você que, assim como eu, sabe trocar as marchas mas tem dificuldades em entender como funciona a bruxaria dentro de uma caixa de câmbio.


          Where Were The Vapers?   
I find this truly staggering from ASH. They had a stall this week at The Chartered Trading Standards Institute conference and were giving out information about e-cigs. So who did they invite to do it?


Erm, why didn't they invite some vapers?

Tobacco control, especially ASH, have no real idea about e-cigs whatsoever. The extent of ASH's knowledge is so bloody piss poor that they lobbied ferociously in favour of Article 20 of the TPD which - in their own parlance - will kill hundreds of thousands of people.

Now, I happen to know that ASH know very many perfectly capable vapers who could have given some great insights into e-cigs at this event, far better than anything Breathe2025 could possibly have done.

It would also have been a very good opportunity for Trading Standards Officers to meet vapers first-hand and hear truly expert testimony as to how unduly harsh enforcement of the TRPR could have some dire unintended consequences for both freedom of choice and public health.

So why did ASH not ask the vapers that they know very well, and speak to very often, to come along to this conference? I'm pretty sure they would have jumped at the opportunity.

A bit whiffy, isn't it? 

          Commence Industrial CRM Profiled by leading Manufacturing Journalist   

Commence Industrial CRM Profiled by leading Manufacturing Journalist

Tinton Falls, NJ -- (ReleaseWire) -- 12/14/2006 -- According to Larry Caretsky, President of Commence Corporation (www.commence.com/mfg./), "There is rarely one central database of customer information that can be accessed and shared among the people who need it to efficiently do their jobs. As a result, acting less like a team, these people act independently when conducting business and are far less effective.

Caretsky, noted in the feature article that "CEOs of these companies often share how their new enterprise resource planning (ERP) system provides them all the information they need, but fail to recognize that ERP systems provide information after the sale, not before or during the sales process. ERP systems provide no value for improving the efficiency of how to sell and service customers. This is one reason that forecast reports are always inaccurate."

According to Thomas R. Cutler, Manufacturing Journalist in a recent issue of Industrial Focus, "The foundation of any quality sales organization starts with the implementation and management of a sales process. These are the steps required by the sales representative to move the prospect from the initial introduction stage to the closing stage. Few industrial CRM systems provide manufacturers with a structured proven sales process or methodology for evaluating and managing each stage of the sales cycle. A pro-active approach to managing the sales process allows the sales manager to monitor and provide guidance during the cycle, as well as help sales representatives focus on the best opportunities." The article may be read in its entirety at http://www.trcutlerinc.com/54-55.pdf.

Commence offers industrial companies complete "Freedom Of Choice" to select the solutions and platform that best meets the business requirements of manufacturers and distributors. The comprehensive CRM Industrial application suite is available for use on premise or on-demand as a hosted service. Industrial leaders often build departmental CRM solutions with the award winning Commence Industrial CRM Framework. These choices are why so many industrial companies choose Commence as the solution for managing customer relationships. All Commence Industrial solutions support mobile or wireless connectivity and integration to back-office accounting and ERP systems.

In an effort to help industrial distributors and manufacturers thrive, Commence Corporation presents Practices That Pay: Leveraging Information to Achieve Industrial Selling Results, a compendium of smart practices from the leading industrial sales and marketing experts and organizations that are growing in today's challenging environment.

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/release-9644.htm

Media Relations Contact

Larry Caretsky
President
Commence
Telephone: 732-380-9100
Email: Click to Email Larry Caretsky
Web: http://www.commence.com/mfg/


          Commence Industrial CRM Profiled by Manufacturing Journalist Thomas R. Cutler   

Commence Industrial CRM Profiled by Manufacturing Journalist Thomas R. Cutler

Tinton Falls, NJ -- (ReleaseWire) -- 11/29/2006 -- According to Thomas R. Cutler, Manufacturing Journalist in a recent issue of Industrial Focus, "The foundation of any quality sales organization starts with the implementation and management of a sales process. These are the steps required by the sales representative to move the prospect from the initial introduction stage to the closing stage. Few industrial CRM systems provide manufacturers with a structured proven sales process or methodology for evaluating and managing each stage of the sales cycle. A pro-active approach to managing the sales process allows the sales manager to monitor and provide guidance during the cycle, as well as help sales representatives focus on the best opportunities." The article may be read in its entirety at http://www.trcutlerinc.com/54-55.pdf.

According to Larry Caretsky, President of Commence Corporation (www.commence.com/mfg./), "There is rarely one central database of customer information that can be accessed and shared among the people who need it to efficiently do their jobs. As a result, acting less like a team, these people act independently when conducting business and are far less effective.

Caretsky, noted in the feature article that "CEOs of these companies often share how their new enterprise resource planning (ERP) system provides them all the information they need, but fail to recognize that ERP systems provide information after the sale, not before or during the sales process. ERP systems provide no value for improving the efficiency of how to sell and service customers. This is one reason that forecast reports are always inaccurate."

Commence offers industrial companies complete "Freedom Of Choice" to select the solutions and platform that best meets the business requirements of manufacturers and distributors. The comprehensive CRM Industrial application suite is available for use on premise or on-demand as a hosted service. Industrial leaders often build departmental CRM solutions with the award winning Commence Industrial CRM Framework. These choices are why so many industrial companies choose Commence as the solution for managing customer relationships. All Commence Industrial solutions support mobile or wireless connectivity and integration to back-office accounting and ERP systems.

In an effort to help industrial distributors and manufacturers thrive, Commence Corporation presents Practices That Pay: Leveraging Information to Achieve Industrial Selling Results, a compendium of smart practices from the leading industrial sales and marketing experts and organizations that are growing in today's challenging environment.

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/release-9346.htm

Media Relations Contact

Larry Caretsky
President
Commence
Telephone: 732-380-9100
Email: Click to Email Larry Caretsky
Web: http://www.commence.com/mfg/


          LimCon HSS Design - Steel Grade error   

With HSS design, when selecting members steel grade, the G450 registers in the template, but G350 reverts to G250? This results in reduced design capacities based on G250 Steel, which also has knock on effects for weld and bolt attachments.  This is when using  the ASW.asc sections.  Have been advised to use International steel grades but this raises other issues with compatibility of materials and ductility design issues.  Has anyone else had this problem?  Has anyone else found a work around?  we've tried entering new a grade into the library, but it keeps defaulting to 250.  HELP!?

[View:/cfs-file/__key/communityserver-discussions-components-files/5932/Jun-30_2C00_-2017-11_5F00_47_5F00_12-a.m.pdf:940:0]


          The Black Rose looks to be moving into the former Benny's Burritos space on Avenue A   


The Black Rose, the bar that recently lost its space at 117 Avenue A, is looking to move a block to the south and reopen in the former corner home of Benny's Burritos, according to paperwork filed ahead of next month's CB3-SLA committee meeting.



In late April, the Marshal took possession of the bar space between Seventh Street and St. Mark's Place on behalf of landlord Steve Croman. There were accusation that Croman forced the bar out, even removing the boiler.

As for Benny's, the restaurant closed on Nov. 29, 2014. The corner space at Sixth Street has sat empty since then. The Benny's awning remains up...


[Photo from yesterday]

Benny's owner Mark Merker said that they were having trouble staying afloat, as costs and rents rose while competition increased from Chipotle and other restaurants that served burritos. Benny's limped along for a few months with a smaller, mostly to-go spot next door. They closed in February 2015. This space became a 99¢ pizza place called 99¢ Pizza, which seems to do brisk business.

There's not much more information about the new Black Rose at this month. The full questionnaire isn't online yet. And it will be somewhat new given that much of the bar's interior ended up on the corner of Avenue A and Seventh Street, where Jerry launched the short-lived Tompkins Square Park Art Bar.

The July CB3-SLA committee meeting is July 17 at 6:30 p.m. at a rather strange venue — Ian Schrager's luxury Public Hotel, 215 Chrystie St.
          PSR Sicilia 2014/2020: Misura 6.4.a - il PSA cartaceo   
Riecco affiorare la burocrazia e la produzione cartacea, al posto della dematerializzazione.
Invece di rendere disponibile il WebPSA (con tutti gli annessi della sua totale inutilità e della sua inadeguatezza), ecco che l'Assessorato Agricoltura della nostra regione ritorna prepotente con la pubblicazione del PSA cartaceo da compilare (anch'esso con tutte le sue assurdità di cui ho già ampiamente scritto), da consegnare, e poi da riconsegnare dopo averlo ristampato, all'avvenuto rilascio.
Mah!
Ecco il comunicato riportato ieri:
MISURA 6 “Sviluppo delle aziende agricole e delle imprese” - OPERAZIONE 6.4.a – regime de minimis - "Supporto alla diversificazione dell’attività agricola verso la creazione e sviluppo di attività extra-agricole" – AVVISO - Con riferimento all’articolo 6 del Bando pubblicato il 02/05/2017 si rende disponibile il modello cartaceo del Piano di Sviluppo Aziendale, contenente tutte le informazioni che dovranno essere successivamente implementate sull’applicativo PSAWeb Sicilia.
Documenti allegati: 
  • Schema PSA 6.4.a de minimis versione 1.00 editabile
  • Schema PSA 6.4.a de minimis versione 1.00

  •           New Research Highlights Strategies to Drive Industry Cluster Growth   

    JPMorgan Chase & Co. and the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC) released a new report providing actionable insights for city leaders looking to leverage their area’s competitive industries to build stronger urban economies. 

    Clusters represent interrelated industries in a specific geography—think of the Automotive cluster in Detroit or the Oil and Gas cluster in Houston. “While more and more cities are thinking about clusters as a key to their economic development plans, city leaders are not always equipped with the strategies to maximize their impact, including targeted growth in inner cities,” said Kim Zeuli, Director of Research and Senior Vice President, ICIC. “Whether your city is beginning to look at cluster strategies, or hoping to spur the growth of targeted clusters, the report offers important takeaways.” 

    The report, Building Strong Clusters for Strong Urban Economies, profiles cluster building efforts in four U.S. cities—San Diego, St. Louis, Chicago, and New Orleans—and offers six recommendations for designing high-impact clusters.

    The San Diego Regional Innovation Cluster and BioSTL (St. Louis) cases offer important strategies for creating successful cluster initiatives. They are spurring growth in the Advanced Defense Technology and Biosciences clusters, respectively. The Chicago Regional Growth Initiative and ProsperityNOLA (New Orleans) cases point to important lessons for creating sustainable cluster-oriented economic development plans, whether within a metropolitan region or city. 

    The report’s insights were informed by cluster theory and practice, and an in-depth analysis of cluster strategies across the U.S. Recommendations include choosing the right cluster(s), identifying appropriate cluster interventions, being flexible about geography, ensuring leadership has relevant industry expertise, establishing strong public-private partnerships, and identifying a sustainable business model.

    The new report was announced by JPMorgan Chase and ICIC on Wednesday in St. Louis at an event hosted by BioSTL. The event, the GlobalSTL Health Innovation Summit, represents a key cluster-building activity of BioSTL’s international attraction initiative, bringing together some of St. Louis’ top hospitals, companies, and investors and a delegation of 14 leading digital health companies from Israel and Ireland looking to set up U.S. headquarters in St. Louis. “BioSTL is proud to earn this distinction for helping to orchestrate a successful bioscience cluster built upon St. Louis’ strengths in medical and plant science,” said Donn Rubin, President and CEO of BioSTL. “It didn’t happen overnight. Our deliberate approach over the past 15 years has put in place the people, ideas, capital, and infrastructure to create a vibrant cluster to spur economic growth. To be recognized by JPMorgan Chase and ICIC as the model bioscience cluster for other U.S. cities is a privilege for the St. Louis region.” 

    This research was made possible by JPMorgan Chase & Co. through its Small Business Forward initiative, a $75 million, multi-year global effort to connect underserved small businesses to experts and critical resources that help them grow faster, create jobs and strengthen local economies.

    The full report can be found online at http://icic.org.

    About the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City

    ICIC is a national, nonprofit research and advisory organization founded in 1994. Its mission is to drive economic prosperity in America’s inner cities through private sector investment that leads to jobs, income and wealth creation for local residents. More information about ICIC is available at www.icic.org.


              Kansas Coach David Beaty to Ban Guns Despite Law Allowing Firearms on Campus   

    Kansas head football coach David Beaty is going against a state policy that goes into effect on Saturday which makes it legal for people over the age of 21 to carry a concealed weapon on campus.

    Beaty explained to CBS Sports' Dennis Dodd why he will ban his players from carrying concealed weapons on campus:

    "It is a deal that I will be very adamant about in a way of banning [guns]. I don't want weapons around for our team. I know it's a bad, bad deal for us. 

    "I understand the politics involved in it. I get that. But we're talking about kids with lives and kids getting pissed with each other and kids that are highly competitive with each other. I fear what it could blow into."

    The Personal and Family Protection Act was originally approved by Kansas legislators in 2012 and went into effect the following year, but college campuses in the state were given a four-year exemption before students and staff had the right to carry a concealed weapon starting July 1, 2017. 

    Jeff Sims, who is the head football coach at Garden City Community College in Garden City, Kansas, told Dodd his program has never had an issue with firearms on campus. 

    "Guns and weapons have never been our issue on a college campus," he said. "Our issues are alcohol and marijuana."

    In an effort to comply with the law, Dodd notes Kansas athletic officials are required to set up "elaborate detection devices" at all the entrances to Memorial Stadium and Allen Fieldhouse, as well as having an armed guard present. 

    Beaty is entering his fourth season as head football coach at the University of Kansas. He took over the program from interim coach Clint Bowen, who replaced Charlie Weis early in the 2014 season. 

    Read more Big 12 Football news on BleacherReport.com


              Trump’s proposed cuts to education funding creates friction in charter school community | EdSource   
    Trump’s proposed cuts to education funding creates friction in charter school community | EdSource:

    Trump's proposed cuts to education funding creates friction in charter school community


    his should be a time of celebration for charter school advocates. Both President Donald Trump and Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos have focused their education agenda on providing parents with more choices, which include charter schools. The number of charter schools continues to grow, with nearly 3,000 charter schools enrolling nearly 3 million students nationally.
    But instead, Trump’s and DeVos’ endorsement of charter schools is driving a wedge between traditional allies and is threatening to undermine the bipartisan support charter schools have received almost throughout the quarter century since they emerged on the education landscape.
    In a remarkably frank speech earlier this month, Nina Rees, president of the National Alliance of Charter Schools, acknowledged at her organization’s annual conference in Washington D.C. that “the Trump administration’s policies have put us in a difficult spot.”
    The difficulty, she explained, is that the Trump administration is proposing a $168 million increase in funding for the Charter Schools Program, on top of the current level of $333 million, while at the same time cutting other education funding. Most of the charter program funds are used to help new charter schools get off the ground.  Trump is also proposing adding $1 billion to the Title 1 program for low-income students to allow parents to send their children to any public school of their choice, which could include charter schools.
    However, Trump’s budget also includes massive cuts to federal education programs — some $9.2 billion from the current level of $68 billion in federal K-12 education Trump’s proposed cuts to education funding creates friction in charter school community | EdSource:


              Rachael Stickland testifies before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education | Parent Coalition for Student Privacy   
    Rachael Stickland testifies before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education | Parent Coalition for Student Privacy:

    RACHAEL STICKLAND TESTIFIES BEFORE THE U.S. HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON EARLY CHILDHOOD, ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION

    On Wednesday, June 28, 2017, Parent Coalition for Student Privacy co-chair Rachael Stickland was invited to testify before the U.S. House Education & the Workforce Committee’s Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education at a hearing entitled “Exploring Opportunities to Strengthen Education Research While Protecting Student Privacy.” Rachael testified at a similar hearing in March 2016.
    The Subcommittee’s press release can be viewed here and Rachael’s full testimony can be found here (and below).
    Webcast of the hearing can be viewed here:
    For articles about the hearing, please visit the following:
    House Hearing on Education Research and Student Privacy
    AACROA, American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers
    June 29, 2017
    d
    On the Hill Today: Education Research and Student Privacy
    Politico Morning Education
    June 28, 2017
    d
    Student Privacy in Education Research: ‘It’s Time’ to Update Federal Laws
    Education Week by Sarah D. Sparks
    June 28, 2017

     Rachael Stickland testifies before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education | Parent Coalition for Student Privacy:
              5 resources to help LGBTQ youth | EdSource   
    5 resources to help LGBTQ youth | EdSource:

    5 resources to help LGBTQ youth




    Pride Month is coming to a close but creating safe and inclusive school environments for LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer/Questioning) students, and students with LGBTQ family members, is more than a single-month effort.
    According to a recent survey from research firm RTI International, LGBTQ students are two to three times more likely than their peers to be physically assaulted or threatened at school, and are “in urgent need of safe and tolerant environments.” But school personnel, who may be in a position to help, often “lack the knowledge and skills to advocate for them.” The Human Rights Campaign says inclusive schools are essential: “It’s simple: students who don’t feel safe can’t focus on learning. Once students feel like they belong, they thrive academically and socially.” The following are some of the many online training and education resources available for teachers and students.
    • The Anti-Defamation League offers a set of curricula and recommended books on topics such as marriage equality, LGBTQ history, transgender students, bullying and hate-crime prevention at no cost at this link. Resources include standards-based downloadable lesson plans organized by grade level. According to the Anti-Defamation League, LGBTQ history “is American history and should be integrated into the curriculum throughout the school year.”
    • The nonprofit LGBTQ education advocacy group GLSEN, which has chapters 5 resources to help LGBTQ youth | EdSource:

              5 Tips for a Sustainable, Eco-Friendly Fourth of July   
    It's always more fun when the Earth is happy, too.

    With summer in full swing and the Fourth of July around the corner, everyone can benefit from a few tips on how to reduce the environmental footprint of their summer celebrations. Here are five tips to be more environmentally friendly for the Fourth of July (and all summer activities we take part in) and how we stay cool (as well as some motivating statistics to illustrate why its important to do so):

    1. Take a stroll/hop on a bike

    The average passenger vehicle emits 423 grams per mile, averaging about 5.1 metric tons a year so every bit counts when trying to reduce the miles we drive. Exhaust from cars also contributes to city’s heat island effect so can make the city feel even hotter. Instead of giving into our dependence on cars and fossil fuels, walk or bike to that Fourth of July BBQ you plan on attending, or carpool with a friend if it’s a longer trip. Getting a little sunshine, exercise, and reducing your carbon footprint is a win-win-win.

    2. Pick up after yourself

    Litter has environmental and economic impacts as well as threatens wildlife. Although not all litter is plastic, 90 percent of marine litter is with 10 million to 20 million tons of plastic entering the ocean every year. And this litter is coming from us: the top 10 items found on beach clean up day include food wrappers, beverage containers, and plastic bags. As you are out camping, having picnics, enjoying rivers and beaches don’t forget to leave with everything you came with. Let’s keep those beautiful places beautiful for generations to come!

    3. Be conscious of your A/C use

    In the U.S., about 100 million tons of carbon dioxide are emitted each year due to air conditioning use — an average of about two tons for each home with an A/C. If you plan on having guests over to enjoy Fourth of July festivities and plan on being inside, make sure the A/C is operating efficiently and minimize energy consumption. Clean out your air filters, cool only the rooms that you are using, and advise guests to keep doors and windows closed. Make sure all vents are open; closed vents mean that the system will work harder to maintain a constant temperature.

    4. Replace the plastic

    The U.S. generated almost 7 million tons of plastics as non-durable goods, such as plates and cups in 2012. Only 9 percent of the 14 million tons of total plastic waste was recycled (and we already mentioned where a high percentage went). It is easy to just grab a plastic water bottle on the go, but it is so much more fulfilling to fill up a reusable one. If you’re having guests over for the long weekend, try to use reusable silverware, cups, and plates which are the more environmentally friendly choice for your Fourth of July BBQ, and perhaps ask some close friends to help with dish-washing after.

    5. Don’t forget the veggies

    Livestock accounts for 14.5 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions with cattle-raising alone contributing 65 percent of the livestock sector’s GHGs. Our meat addiction also has environmental and social effects across borders as tropical forests continue to be cleared to meet increasing demands. Of course we love BBQs, but it’s no secret that eating vegetables is better for the environment. Show salads and summer veggies some love as well this Fourth of July!

    Keep these tips in mind when you are out-and-about enjoying your summer in order to minimize the impact your Fourth of July activities have on the environment.

    Do you have any tips for a more sustainable, eco-friendly Fourth of July? Share them in the comments.

     

    Related Stories


              4 Hidden Dangers of Pork   
    Pork is the most commonly consumed meat in the world, but may also be one of the most dangerous.

    Among foods that inspire a cult-like following, pork often leads the pack, as evidenced by the 65% of Americans eager to name bacon the country’s national food.

    Unfortunately, that popularity comes at a cost. Along with being the most commonly consumed meat in the world, pork may also be one of the most dangerous, carrying some important and under-discussed risks that any consumer should be aware of (1).

    1. Hepatitis E

    Thanks to the revival of nose-to-tail eating, offal has redeemed itself among health enthusiasts, especially liver, which is prized for its vitamin A content and massive mineral lineup.

    But when it comes to pork, liver might be risky business.

    In developed nations, pork liver is the top food-based transmitter of hepatitis E, a virus that infects 20 million people each year and can lead to acute illness (fever, fatigue, jaundice, vomiting, joint pain and stomach pain), enlarged liver and sometimes liver failure and death (23).

    Most hepatitis E cases are stealthily symptom-free, but pregnant women can experience violent reactions to the virus, including fulminant hepatitis (rapid-onset liver failure) and a high risk of both maternal and fetal mortality (4). In fact, mothers who get infected during their third trimester face a death rate of up to 25% (5).

    In rare cases, hepatitis E infection can lead to myocarditis (an inflammatory heart disease), acute pancreatitis (painful inflammation of the pancreas), neurological problems (including Guillain-Barré syndrome and neuralgic amyotrophy), blood disorders and musculoskeletal problems, such as elevated creatine phosphokinase, indicating muscle damage, and multi-joint pain (in the form of polyarthralgia) (678).

    People with compromised immune systems, including organ transplant recipients on immunosuppressive therapy and people with HIV, are more likely to suffer from these severe hepatitis E complications (9).

    So, just how alarming are pork’s contamination stats? In America, about 1 out of every 10 store-bought pig livers tests positive for hepatitis E, which is slightly higher than the 1 in 15 rate in the Netherlands and 1 in 20 rate in the Czech Republic (1011). One study in Germany found that about 1 in 5 pork sausages were contaminated (12).

    France’s traditional figatellu, a pig liver sausage that’s often consumed raw, is a confirmed hepatitis E carrier (13). In fact, in regions of France where raw or rare pork is a common delicacy, over half the local population shows evidence of hepatitis E infection (14).

    Japan, too, is facing rising hepatitis E concerns as pork gains popularity (15). And in the UK? Hepatitis E shows up in pork sausages, in pork liver and at pork slaughterhouses, indicating the potential for widespread exposure among pork consumers (16).

    It might be tempting to blame the hepatitis E epidemic on commercial farming practices, but in the case of the pig, wilder doesn’t mean safer. Hunted boars, too, are frequent hepatitis E carriers, capable of passing on the virus to game-eating humans (1718).

    Apart from total pork abstinence, the best way to slash hepatitis E risk is in the kitchen. This stubborn virus can survive the temperatures of rare-cooked meat, making high heat the best weapon against infection (19). For virus deactivation, cooking pork products for at least 20 minutes to an internal temperature of 71°C (160°F) seems to do the trick (20).

    However, fat can protect hepatitis viruses from heat destruction, so fattier cuts of pork might need extra time or toastier temperatures (21).

    Summary: Pork products, particularly liver, frequently carry hepatitis E, which can cause severe complications and even death in vulnerable populations. Thorough cooking is necessary to deactivate the virus.

    2. Multiple Sclerosis

    One of the most surprising risks associated with pork — one that’s received remarkably little airtime — is multiple sclerosis (MS), a devastating autoimmune condition involving the central nervous system.

    The robust link between pork and MS has been known at least since the 1980s, when researchers analyzed the relationship between per capita pork consumption and MS across dozens of countries (22).

    While pork-averse nations like Israel and India were nearly spared from MS’s degenerative grips, more liberal consumers, such as West Germany and Denmark, faced sky-high rates.

    In fact, when all countries were considered, pork intake and MS showed a whopping correlation of 0.87 (p<0.001), which is much higher and more significant than the relationship between MS and fat intake (0.63, p<0.01), MS and total meat intake (0.61, p<0.01) and MS and beef consumption (no significant relationship).

    For perspective, a similar study of diabetes and per capita sugar intake found a correlation of just under 0.60 (p<0.001) when analyzing 165 countries (23).

    As with all epidemiological findings, the correlation between pork consumption and MS can’t prove that one causes the other (or even that, within MS-stricken countries, the most enthusiastic pork consumers were the most diseased). But as it turns out, the evidence vault goes much deeper.

    Earlier, a study of inhabitants of the Orkney and Shetland Islands of Scotland, a region teeming with unusual delicacies, including seabird eggs, raw milk and undercooked meat, found only one dietary association with MS — consumption of “potted head,” a dish made from boiled pig’s brain (24).

    Among Shetland residents, a significantly higher proportion of MS patients had consumed potted head in their youth, compared to healthy, age and sex-matched controls (25).

    This is particularly relevant because — per other research — MS that strikes in adulthood might stem from environmental exposures during adolescence (26).

    The potential for pig brain to trigger nerve-related autoimmunity isn’t just an observational hunch, either. Between 2007 and 2009, a cluster of 24 pork plant workers mysteriously fell ill with progressive inflammatory neuropathy, which is characterized by MS-like symptoms such as fatigue, numbness, tingling and pain (2728).

    The source of the outbreak? So-called “pig brain mist” — tiny particles of brain tissue blasted into the air during carcass processing (29).

    When workers inhaled these tissue particles, their immune systems, per standard protocol, formed antibodies against the foreign porcine antigens.

    But those antigens happened to bear an uncanny resemblance to certain neural proteins in humans. And the result was a biological calamity: confused about who to fight, the workers’ immune systems launched a guns-blazing attack on their own nerve tissue (3031).

    Although the resulting autoimmunity wasn’t identical to multiple sclerosis, that same process of molecular mimicry, where foreign antigens and self-antigens are similar enough to trigger an autoimmune response, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of MS (3233).

    Of course, unlike pig brain mist, hot dogs and ham aren’t literally inhaled (teenage boys notwithstanding). Could pork still transmit problematic substances through ingestion?

    The answer is a speculative yes. For one, certain bacteria, particularly Acinetobacter, are involved in molecular mimicry with myelin, the nerve-sheathing substance that becomes damaged in MS (3435).

    Although the role of pigs as Acinetobacter carriers hasn’t been exhaustively studied, the bacteria has been found in pig feces, on pig farms and in bacon, pork salami and ham, where it serves as a spoilage organism (36373839). If pork acts as a vehicle for Acinetobacter transmission (or in any way increases the risk of human infection), a link with MS would make sense.

    Two, pigs may be silent and under-studied carriers of prions, misfolded proteins that drive neurodegenerative disorders like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (the human version of mad cow) and Kuru (found among cannibal societies) (40).

    Some researchers suggest MS itself could be a prion disease, one that targets oligodendrocytes, the cells that produce myelin (41). And since prions — and their associated diseases— are transmitted by consuming infected nerve tissue, it’s possible that prion-harboring pork products could be one link in the MS chain (42).

    Summary: A causative role of pork in MS is far from a closed case, but the unusually strong epidemiological patterns, biological plausibility and documented experiences make further research imperative.

    3. Liver Cancer and Cirrhosis

    Liver problems tend to trail closely on the heels of some predictable risk factors, namely hepatitis B and C infection, exposure to aflatoxin (a carcinogen produced by mold) and excessive alcohol intake (434445).

    But buried in the scientific literature is another potential scourge of liver health — pork.

    For decades, pork consumption has faithfully echoed liver cancer and cirrhosis rates around the world. In multi-country analyses, the correlation between pork and cirrhosis mortality clocked in at 0.40 (p<0.05) using 1965 data, 0.89 (p<0.01) using mid-1970s data, 0.68 (p=0.003) using 1996 data and 0.83 (p=0.000) using 2003 data (4647).

    In those same analyses, among the 10 Canadian provinces, pork bore a correlation of 0.60 (p<0.01) with death from liver cirrhosis, while alcohol, perhaps due to an overall low intake, showed no significant link.

    And in statistical models incorporating known perils for the liver (alcohol consumption, hepatitis B infection and hepatitis C infection), pork remained independently associated with liver disease, suggesting the association isn’t just due to pork piggybacking, as the case may be, on a different causative agent (48).

    Beef, by contrast, remained liver-neutral or protective in these studies.

    Liver cancer, too, tends to follow in the hoof steps of the pig. A 1985 analysis showed that pork intake correlated with hepatocellular carcinoma deaths as strongly as alcohol did (0.40, p<0.05 for both) (49). (Considering liver cirrhosis is often a prelude to cancer, this connection shouldn’t be surprising (50).)

    So, what’s behind these eerie associations?

    At first glance, the most likely explanations don’t pan out. Although pork-transmitted hepatitis E can lead to liver cirrhosis, this happens almost exclusively in immunosuppressed people, a subset of the population that’s too small to account for the global correlation (51).

    Relative to other meat, pork tends to be high in omega-6 fatty acids, including linoleic acid and arachidonic acid, which may play a role in liver disease (525354). But vegetable oils, whose polyunsaturated fatty acid content blows pork out of the water, don’t dance the same liver disease tango that pork does, calling into question whether fat is really to blame (5556).

    Heterocyclic amines, a class of carcinogens formed by cooking meat (including pork) at high temperatures, contribute to liver cancer in a variety of animals (57). But these compounds are also readily formed in beef, according to the same studies that indicated pork has no positive relationship with liver disease (5859).

    With all that in mind, it’d be easy to dismiss the pork-liver disease link as an epidemiological fluke. However, some plausible mechanisms do exist.

    The most likely contender involves nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic compounds created when nitrites and nitrates react with certain amines (from protein), particularly in high heat (60). These compounds have been linked to damage and cancer in a variety of organs, including the liver (61).

    One of the biggest dietary sources of nitrosamines is processed pork, which, along with being a frequent visitor to the frying pan, typically contains nitrites and nitrates as curing agents. (Vegetables are also rich in naturally occurring nitrates, but their antioxidant content and dearth of protein help thwart the process of N-nitrosation, preventing them from becoming cancer-causing agents (62).)

    Significant levels of nitrosamines have been found in pork liver pâté, bacon, sausage, ham and other cured meats (636465). The fatty portion of pork products, in particular, tends to accumulate much higher levels of nitrosamines than the lean bits, making bacon a particularly abundant source (66).

    The presence of fat can also turn vitamin C into a nitrosamine promoter instead of a nitrosamine inhibitor, so pairing pork with veggies might not confer much protection (67).

    Although much of the nitrosamine-liver cancer research has focused on rodents, where certain nitrosamines produce liver injury with remarkable ease, the effect appears in humans as well (6869). In fact, some researchers suggest humans may be even more sensitive to nitrosamines than mice and rats (70).

    In Thailand, for instance, nitrosamines have been strongly linked to liver cancer in areas where other risk factors are low (71). A 2010 analysis of the NIH-AARP cohort found red meat (including pork), processed meat (including processed pork), nitrates and nitrites to be positively associated with chronic liver disease. Rubber workers, occupationally exposed to nitrosamines, have faced extremely high rates of non-alcohol-related liver disease and cancer (72).

    Do nitrosamines prove a chain of causation between pork, liver-harming compounds and liver disease? The evidence is currently too patchy to make that claim, but the risk is plausible enough to justify limiting nitrosamine-containing (or nitrosamine-producing) pork products, including bacon, ham, hot dogs and sausages made with sodium nitrite or potassium nitrate.

    Summary: Strong epidemiological links exist between pork consumption and liver disease. If these links reflect cause and effect, one culprit might be N-nitroso compounds, which are found abundantly in processed pork products cooked at high temperatures.

    4. Yersinia

    For years, pork’s precautionary motto was “well-done or bust,” a consequence of fears about trichinosis, a type of roundworm infection that ravaged pork consumers throughout much of the 20th century (73).

    Thanks to changes in feeding practices, farm hygiene and quality control, pig-borne trichinosis has dropped off the radar, inviting pink pork back onto the menu.

    But pork’s relaxed heat rules may have opened the doors for a different type of infection — yersiniosis, which is caused by Yersinia bacteria. In the US alone, Yersiniacauses 35 deaths and almost 117,000 cases of food poisoning each year (74). Its chief entry route for humans? Undercooked pork.

    Yersiniosis’s acute symptoms are rough enough — fever, pain, bloody diarrhea — but its long-term consequences are what should really ring alarm bells. Victims of Yersiniapoisoning face a 47-times higher risk of reactive arthritis, a type of inflammatory joint disease triggered by infection (75).

    Even children become post-Yersinia arthritis targets, sometimes requiring chemical synovectomy (the injection of osmic acid into a troubled joint) to relieve persistent pain (7677).

    And in the less-common instances where Yersinia doesn’t bring the typical feverish, diarrheic unpleasantries? Reactive arthritis can develop even when the original infection was asymptomatic, leaving some victims unaware that their arthritis is a consequence of food-borne illness (78).

    Although reactive arthritis usually subsides on its own over time, Yersinia victims remain at higher risk of chronic joint problems, including ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, tenosynovitis and rheumatoid arthritis, for years on end (798081).

    Some evidence suggests that Yersinia can lead to neurological complications (82). Infected individuals with iron overload may be at higher risk of multiple liver abscesses, potentially leading to death (838485). And among people who are genetically susceptible, anterior uveitis, inflammation of the eye’s iris, is also more likely following a bout of Yersinia (8687).

    Lastly, via molecular mimicry, Yersinia infection could also raise the risk of Graves’ disease, an autoimmune condition characterized by excessive thyroid hormone production (8889).

    The solution? Bring on the heat. The majority of pork products (69% of tested samples, according to a Consumer Reports analysis) are contaminated with Yersiniabacteria, and the only way to safeguard against infection is through proper cooking. An internal temperature of at least 145°F for whole pork and 160°F for ground pork is necessary to decimate any lingering pathogen.

    Summary: Undercooked pork can transmit Yersinia bacteria, causing short-term illness and raising the risk of reactive arthritis, chronic joint conditions, Graves’ disease and other complications.

    In Conclusion

    So, should health-savvy omnivores scrap pork from the menu?

    The jury’s still out. For two of pork’s problems — hepatitis E and Yersinia — aggressive cooking and safe handling are enough to minimize the risk. And due to a shortage of controlled, pork-centric research capable of establishing causation, pork’s other red flags spring from epidemiology — a field rife with confounders and unjustified confidence.

    Worse, many diet-and-disease studies lump pork together with other types of red meat, diluting whatever associations might exist with pork alone.

    These issues make it hard to isolate the health effects of pig-derived products and determine the safety of their consumption.

    That being said, caution is probably warranted. The sheer magnitude, consistency and mechanistic plausibility of pork’s connection with several serious diseases make the chances of a true risk more likely.

    Until further research is available, you might want to think twice about going hog-wild on pork.

    This article was originally published by Authority Nutrition.

     

     

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              Reeling from Horrifying GOP Health Care Bills? Just wait till you lose your Voting Rights, just around the corner.    
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    Отмечу, что в мире вполне успешно используется несколько подходов к передаче электронных документов на архивное хранение. Там, где считают важной возможность передавать, обрабатывать и/или хранить каждый архивный документ (или группу документов, например, дело) вместе со всеми его метаданными и прочей информацией как единый защищённый электронный объект, – и таких архивов сейчас большинство, - используются контейнерные форматы. Есть разные форматы такого рода – это и ZIP, и XML, и форматы собственной разработки. Внутренняя структура информации в контейнере у каждого своя; она выбирается в зависимости от поддерживаемых функциональных возможностей, и разнообразие здесь огромное. Есть, например, страны, где контейнерные форматы изначально используются для создания и оперативной работы с документами в делопроизводстве, а впоследствии документы в этом же виде уходят и на архивное хранение. Длительно работающие электронные архивы обычно где-то раз в пять лет пересматривают структуру своих контейнеров в связи с изменением потребностей и технологий.

    Важен следующий момент: при длительном архивном хранении формируются дополнительные заверенные копии документов в новых форматах, создаются дополнительные метаданные – соответственно, встает вопрос о том, как дополнять защищённые контейнеры этой новой информацией.

    Есть иные варианты, когда способ передачи ориентирован не на отдельный документ, а сразу на большой массив документов, без использования контейнеров. Базовый стандарт электронной архивации OAIS (ISO 14721) в качестве основных понятий использует «сдаточный информационный пакет» (SIP), «архивный информационный пакет» (AIP) и «дистрибутивный информационный пакет» (DIP), однако не настаивает на том, чтобы это были физические сущности (т.е. они могут существовать как логические, виртуальные объекты).

    Контейнерные форматы не всегда технически применимы - они, например, скорее всего, не помогут в случае, когда на архивное хранение придётся принимать большие и сложные базы данных.

    Коротко отмечу также следующее:
    • Уже существует 4 основных варианта форматов семейства PDF/A, каждый из которых имеет свои подварианты, и каждого - свои достоинства и недостатки. По мере появления новых вариантов базового формата PDF тут же будут появляться и новые разновидности формата PDF/A;

    • PDF/A годится не для всех документов;

    • Для определенных видов документов открытых форматов для долговременного хранения просто нет (например, для САПР-чертежей). В то же время для технических документов существует своя, специализированная версия формата PDF для длительного хранения.

    • Если оригиналы были подписаны усиленными подписями, их всё равно придётся хранить в оригинальном формате (возможно, изготавливая дополнительные заверенные копии в иных форматах для удобства использования и для обеспечения долговременной сохранности).
    Главная рекомендация следующая: документы длительного и постоянного срока хранения нужно (если возможно) изначально создавать в форматах, пригодных для долговременного хранения!

    Принципиальная ориентация на контейнерные форматы – вполне нормальный выбор. Однако о том, что это будет за контейнер, и каким образом информация в нём будет структурирована, придётся подумать самостоятельно.

    Наверное, стоит сразу «заложиться» на то, что первые варианты контейнеров окажутся не совсем удачными, и первые партии таких контейнеров со временем придётся переформатировать в контейнеры более позднего образца. Этого бояться не нужно, важно лишь позаботиться о том, чтобы подобное переформатирование было возможно без ущерба для целостности, аутентичности, юридической значимости и доказательной силы документов.

              Color Bumper Plates: The Difference in Training and Competition Bumper Plates and Why You Need to Know When Equipping a Facility   
    Jaci Long at RVA Weightlifting Competition 2016


    Firstly, we need to talk about the sport of weightlifting.  Bumper plates would probably not have been invented if not for athletes dropping huge amounts of weight from overhead.  Weightlifting has existed as an Olympic sport since 1896.  The first Olympic Weightlifting events featured both one-handed and two-handed lifts, although the one-handed lifts were later phased out during modern weightlifting competition. 

    Current weightlifting competitions are comprised of three attempts at the Snatch, followed by three attempts at the Clean and Jerk.  The weightlifter’s heaviest successful Snatch is combined with his/her heaviest successful Clean and Jerk to create the Total.  Naturally, the Total determines the overall result of the competition within a body weight category. 

    While other weight sports test limit strength, Olympic Weightlifting tests aspects of human ballistic limits (explosive strength).  The Olympic lifts are executed with greater speed and  more range of motion than other strength movements performed with a barbell. 

    Rubber bumper plates were reportedly not used in Olympic Weightlifting competition until the 1960’s, but did not become a competition standard until the early 1970’s. As records escalated, quite naturally the number of plates loaded on the bar also increased.   Early model rubber bumper plates were extremely thick to the extent there was no more room to add weights to the sleeve of the barbell. Making the loadable sleeves of the barbell longer to accommodate the weight was not an option as it displaced the bumper plate weight too far from the weightlifter’s body. This would have ultimately made the lifts more difficult than they inherently are.  As a solution, the steel disc was added into competition bumper plates.  This steel disc center adds weight to the plate without impacting the desired qualities of the rubber surrounding the disc.

    The colors of the Olympic Bumper weight plates, as well as Powerlifting plates, are regulated by international sports organizations that govern these respective sports The apparent reasoning is to create uniformity of all equipment  for identification purposes at a glance.
    The official color standards are as follows: Red for 25kg plates, blue for 20kg plates, yellow for 15kg plates, and green for 10kg plates.  There is also a similar color code for color bumper plates in pound increments: Red for 55lb, blue for 45lb, yellow for 35lb, and green for 25lb.  Lastly, there are “off brand” low-quality weight plate sets that may use red for 45lb, blue for 35lb, and green for 25lb (or other variations deviant to officially recognized color schemes).



    What is the difference between Color Training Bumper Plates and Competition Bumper Plates?


    Colored training bumper plates should provide a lower cost alternative and possibly greater durability to competition bumper plates.  Training bumper plates should have qualities that are more beneficial for everyday training for the following reasons:

    1.       Equipping multiple platforms with quality competition bumper plates generally is not practical from a cost vs. benefit perspective. 

    ·         Note:  there are two properties of competition bumper plates that make them superior to training bumper plates for actual competition use.  These same factors are also responsible for the considerably higher price of competition bumper plates.
    a)       Accuracy of plate weight:  Vulcan Absolute Competition Bumper Plates are accurate to their designated weight variances within 10 grams.  The accuracy of weight requires calibration which increases the cost of the plates. 
    b)      Lower plate profile:  Thinner plates contribute to bringing the bar load more proximal to the weightlifter’s body.  The lifter can apply greater control and force to the load if it is closer to his/her body.  The steel disc makes the low profile possible, but also increases the cost of the plate.  Steel is inherently more expensive than rubber and requires more costly processing and machining to be used in any quality product.

    The minimal variance in weight and better weight placement is certainly important for the actual competition or for attempting personal record lifts in training, but it could be questionable how that plays out in the day-to-day “grind” of training repetition after repetition.  The Vulcan Kilogram Training Bumper Plates are accurate within +/-1% of the designated mass, which is only 0.5% over the International Weightlifting Federation standard for competition plates.  The Vulcan Absolute Competition Plates are +/- 10 grams which far surpasses the IWF standard for IWF certified weight plate tolerances.  "The tolerance on the nominal weight of each component weighing more than 5 kg must be + 0.1% and - 0.05%. On parts weighing 5 kg or less, the tolerance must be +10 grams and - 0 grams per part."


    BASA Gym in Maryland


    2.       Noise pollution and lifter safety.  Vulcan Competition Bumper Plates and Color Kilogram Training Bumper Plates are “low noise” and “low bounce” plates.

    ·         We talk about excessive noise in a training environment but sometimes our cries fall on deaf ears (forgive the pun).  It is not cool losing your hearing before you are even 50 years old.  If your work environment exposed you to the amount of noise a weightlifting coach endures on a daily basis, you would be justified requesting earplugs from your employer.  As it is, most weightlifting coaches are self-employed so take it upon yourself to treat your most important employee right!
    ·         Competition bumper plates should not bounce high when dropped on the platform.  It is a wasteful expenditure of energy and effort catching or deflecting nearly waist-high barbell bounces.  That, and it is simply dangerous.  Many weightlifting gyms we visit are 2,000 ft2 or less with very little room between lifting platforms.  Lifters should be able to concentrate on their own lifts in their own area without worrying about the interference of a bar loaded with 10kg plates skipping across their platform from another lifter’s area.  Responsibly equipped gyms provide ideal training environments. 

    3.       Competition Bumper Plates just look cool.  They are simply the higher-quality, better performing option.  Few would disagree with this.  For high-level weightlifting gyms and athletic training facilities, the competition bumper plate is highly favored over the training weight plate.  If you have the funds, the people, and the facility for it then yes, yes, yes, equip every platform and power rack with competition plates and professional bearing bars!  If you are starting a gym or weightlifting club as a business, perhaps you want to save some money for marketing and unforeseen expenses as your business grows and opt for more training bumper plates in your gym.  As your business grows you can always add a few sets of competition bumper plates for testing and in-house competitions.

     





              Messe et bénédiction des Pallium pour les nouveaux archevêques métropolites en la solennité des saints Apôtres Pierre et Paul (29 juin 2017)   

    MESSE ET BÉNÉDICTION DES PALLIUMS
    POUR LES NOUVEAUX MÉTROPOLITES
    EN LA SOLENNITÉ DES SAINTS APÔTRES PIERRE ET PAUL

    HOMÉLIE DU PAPE FRANÇOIS

    Place Saint-Pierre
    Jeudi 29 juin 2017

    [Multimédia]


     

    La liturgie de ce jour nous offre trois mots essentiels pour la vie de l’Apôtre : confession, persécution, prière.

    La confession est celle de Pierre dans l’Evangile, quand la question du Seigneur, de générale devient particulière. En effet, Jésus demande d’abord : « Au dire des gens, qui est le Fils de l’homme ? » (Mt 16, 13). Chez la plupart des gens, il émerge de ce “sondage” que le peuple considère Jésus comme un prophète. Alors le Maître pose aux disciples la question vraiment décisive : « Et vous ? Que dites-vous ? Pour vous qui suis-je ? » (v.15). A ce moment seul Pierre répond : « Tu es le Christ, le Fils du Dieu vivant » (v. 16). Voilà la confession : reconnaître en Jésus le Messie attendu, le Dieu vivant, le Seigneur de sa propre vie.

    Cette question vitale, Jésus l’adresse aujourd’hui à nous, à nous tous, en particulier à nous pasteurs. C’est la question décisive, devant laquelle il n’y a pas de réponses de circonstance, parce que la vie est en jeu : et la question de la vie demande une réponse de vie. Car si l’on ne confesse pas Jésus Seigneur par sa propre vie, connaître les articles de foi sert à peu de choses. Aujourd’hui il nous regarde dans les yeux et demande : « Qui suis-je pour toi ? » Comme pour dire : « Suis-je encore, moi, le Seigneur de ta vie, la direction de ton cœur, la raison de ton espérance, ta confiance indestructible ? » Avec saint Pierre, renouvelons aujourd’hui, nous aussi, notre choix de vie comme disciples et apôtres. Passons de nouveau de la première à la seconde question de Jésus, pour être « à lui » non seulement en paroles, mais dans les faits et dans la vie.

    Demandons-nous si nous sommes des chrétiens de salon, qui bavardent sur la manière dont vont les choses dans l’Eglise et dans le monde, ou plutôt des apôtres en chemin, qui confessent Jésus par la vie parce qu’ils l’ont dans le cœur. Celui qui confesse Jésus sait qu’il est tenu non seulement de donner son opinion mais de donner la vie ; il sait qu’il ne peut pas croire de manière tiède mais qu’il est appelé à “brûler” d’amour ; il sait que dans la vie il ne peut “se laisser vivre” ou s’installer dans le bien être, mais qu’il doit risquer de prendre le large, renouvelant chaque jour le don de soi. Celui qui confesse Jésus fait comme Pierre et Paul : il le suit jusqu’à la fin ; non jusqu’à un certain point, mais jusqu’à la fin, et il le suit sur son chemin, non pas sur nos chemins. Son chemin est le chemin de la vie nouvelle, de la joie et de la résurrection, le chemin qui passe aussi par la croix et par les persécutions.

    Voilà le second mot, persécutions. Ce ne sont pas seulement Pierre et Paul qui ont donné le sang pour le Christ, mais toute la communauté, au début, a été persécutée, comme le rappelle le Livre des Actes des Apôtres (cf. 12, 1). Aujourd’hui aussi, en diverses parties du monde, parfois dans un climat de silence – un silence souvent complice -, beaucoup de chrétiens sont marginalisés, calomniés, discriminés, faits l’objet de violences même mortelles, souvent en l’absence d’engagement de la part de ceux qui pourraient faire respecter leurs droits sacrosaints.

    Mais je voudrais surtout souligner ce que l’Apôtre Paul affirme avant d’« être – comme il écrit – offert en sacrifice » (2Tm 4, 6). Pour lui, vivre c’était le Christ (cf. Ph 1, 21), et le Christ crucifié (cf. 1Co 2, 1), qui a donné sa vie pour lui (cf. Ga 2, 20). Ainsi, fidèle disciple, Paul a suivi le Maître en offrant lui aussi sa vie. Sans la croix il n’y a pas de Christ, mais sans la croix il n’y a pas non plus de chrétien. En effet, « c’est le propre de la vertu chrétienne, non seulement de faire le bien, mais aussi de savoir supporter les maux » (Augustin, Disc. 46, 13), comme Jésus. Supporter le mal, ce n’est pas seulement avoir de la patience et aller de l’avant avec résignation ; supporter, c’est imiter Jésus : c’est porter le poids, le porter sur ses épaules pour lui et pour les autres. C’est accepter la croix, allant de l’avant avec confiance parce que nous ne sommes pas seuls : le Seigneur crucifié et ressuscité est avec nous. Ainsi, avec Paul nous pouvons dire qu’ « en toute circonstance nous sommes dans la détresse, mais sans être angoissés ; nous sommes déconcertés, mais non désemparés ; nous sommes pourchassés, mais non pas abandonnés » (2Co 4, 8-9).

    Supporter, c’est savoir vaincre avec Jésus à la manière de Jésus, non pas à la manière du monde. Voilà pourquoi Paul – nous l’avons entendu – se considère comme un vainqueur qui va recevoir la couronne (cf. 2Tm 4, 8) et il écrit : « J’ai mené le bon combat, j’ai achevé ma course, j’ai gardé la foi » (v. 7). L’unique conduite de son bon combat a été de vivre pour : non pour lui-même mais pour Jésus et pour les autres. Il a vécu “en courant”, c’est-à-dire sans s’épargner, mais au contraire en se consumant. Il dit avoir gardé une chose : non pas la santé, mais la foi, c’est-à-dire la confession du Christ. Par amour pour lui, il a vécu les épreuves, les humiliations et les souffrances, qu’il ne faut jamais rechercher mais accepter. Et ainsi, dans le mystère de la souffrance offerte par amour, en ce mystère que tant de frères persécutés, pauvres et malades incarnent encore aujourd’hui, resplendit la force salvifique de la croix de Jésus.

    Le troisième mot est prière. La vie de l’Apôtre, qui jaillit de la confession et débouche en offrande, se déroule tous les jours dans la prière. La prière est l’eau indispensable qui nourrit l’espérance et fait grandir la confiance. La prière fait que nous nous sentons aimés et nous permet d’aimer. Elle nous fait aller de l’avant dans les moments sombres, car elle allume la lumière de Dieu. Dans l’Eglise c’est la prière qui nous soutient tous et nous fait surmonter les épreuves. Nous le voyons encore dans la première lecture : « Tandis que Pierre était ainsi détenu dans la prison, l’Eglise priait Dieu pour lui avec insistance » (Ac 12, 5). Une Eglise qui prie est gardée par le Seigneur et marche en sa compagnie. Prier c’est lui confier le chemin pour qu’il en prenne soin. La prière est la force qui nous unit et nous soutient, le remède contre l’isolement et l’autosuffisance qui conduisent à la mort spirituelle. Car l’Esprit de vie ne souffle pas si l’on ne prie pas, et sans prière les prisons intérieures qui nous retiennent captifs ne s’ouvrent pas.

    Que les saints Apôtres nous obtiennent un cœur comme le leur, fatigué et pacifié par la prière : fatigué parce qu’il demande, frappe et intercède, chargé de beaucoup de personnes et de situations à confier ; mais en même temps pacifié, parce que l’Esprit apporte consolation et force quand on prie. Combien il est urgent dans l’Eglise d’avoir des maîtres de prière, mais avant tout d’être des hommes et des femmes de prière, qui vivent la prière !

    Le Seigneur intervient quand nous prions, lui qui est fidèle à l’amour que nous lui avons confessé et qui nous est proche dans les épreuves. Il a accompagné le chemin des Apôtres et il vous accompagnera vous aussi, chers frères Cardinaux, ici réunis dans la charité des Apôtres qui ont confessé la foi par le sang. Il sera aussi proche de vous, chers frères Archevêques qui, en recevant le Pallium, serez confirmés à vivre pour le troupeau, en imitant le Bon Pasteur qui vous soutient en vous portant sur ses épaules. Que le Seigneur lui-même, qui désire ardemment voir tout son troupeau réuni, bénisse et garde aussi la Délégation du Patriarche Œcuménique, et le cher frère Bartholomée, qui l’a envoyée en signe de communion apostolique.

     


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    29/06/2017 - The African Development Bank's Board of Directors approved a US $3-million grant of the Bank's Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa (SEFA) for Phase 2 of the Green Mini-Grid Market Development Programme (GMG MDP). Implemented by the Bank-hosted SEforALL Africa Hub, the GMG MDP's objective is to support the scale-up of investments in commercially viable GMG projects through a broad range of interventions to improve the enabling environment. The project seeks to remove or reduce market barriers at regional scale and strengthen the ecosystem for the emergence of a thriving GMG sector in Sub-Saharan Africa – contributing significantly to the objectives of SEforALL and the New Deal on Energy for Africa.

    Categories: Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL), Energy & Power, Environment, Climate Change, Partnerships, Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL)


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    29/06/2017 - The Senior Director of the African Development Bank in Nigeria, Ebrima Faal, on Wednesday, June 28 concluded his accreditation with the Nigerian Government in a ceremony presided by the Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Geoffrey Onyeama.

    Categories: Nigeria


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              DE LAS PÉRDIDAS DE ILUSIÓN...   
    C.B. ARCHENA: 61
    BASKET CARTAGENA: 70

     
    Hace tan solo un par de días que alguno de mis escasos incondicionales corregía la ortografía de otro en uno de los comentarios a la anterior entrada de este blog, en cuanto a la correcta escritura del  adverbio de lugar "ahí", el cual no hay que confundir con la interjección "ay" ni con la forma impersonal del verbo haber "hay". Para que el primero corrija su falta ortográfica el segundo o corrector aconseja al errador la memorización de la frase "Ahí hay un burro que dice ay".
    El peculiar sonido que emite el burro, cuya onomatopeya sería rebuzno, roznido u orneo, se representa en español o italiano como "ih-oh", aunque en el Reino Unido -donde como todo el mundo sabe son mucho más listos que nosotros, ya que según el informe PISA están por encima de la media de la OCDE y nosotros bastante por debajo- se representa como "hee-haw". En ningún caso, ni en español, ni en inglés, ni en kirguistaní (último puesto según el PISA), existe burro alguno del mundo mundial que rozne "ay", expresión reservada para los humanos y si acaso algún ave de la familia de las psitácidas (loros o papagayos). Creo que todos hemos entendido lo que quería decir este amigo con su expresión "HAY QUEDA EL RETO", la cual hay que leer con la entonación debida según las normas de acentuación.

    Es el ánimo de este que os habla que tanto el que erró como el que corrigió, así como también si necesario fuere el mismísimo burro que sirvió de puente, convivan en un ambiente amistoso y de concordia, y que todos entendamos que errar es humano y que lo importante es que cada uno diga lo que piensa y que el resto lo entendamos sin entrar en batallas dialécticas aprovechando el mayor o menor conocimiento de la correcta escritura.

    Al hilo de los informes y estadísticas sobre los niveles de conocimientos, y dado que algunos de nuestros vástagos (los de la generación del 95) están en capilla en cuanto a la realización de las pruebas de selectividad (P.A.U.) se refiere, me parece oportuno contaros que ayer se hicieron públicos los datos estadísticos sobre los resultados a nivel nacional de las pruebas realizadas en 2012. Murcia no queda en buen lugar, pudiendo afirmar que éste fue catastrófico con respecto a la media nacional. Solo un 68% de los alumnos murcianos superaron las pruebas, siendo la media de aprobados en España en torno al 85%. ¿Quiere decir esto que en nuestra región los alumnos están peor preparados que en el resto de las comunidades?. Rotundamente NO. Estos datos nos dicen ni más ni menos que aquí somos más papistas que el propio Papa. En Cataluña por ejemplo, donde el porcentaje de aprobados supera el 90%, los alumnos deben superar unas pruebas algo más sencillas que las que realizan los nuestros, y lo mismo ocurre en comunidades como Madrid, Galicia, País Vasco o Andalucía. Creo que esto debería hacer reflexionar a nuestra jerarquía universitaria y cuando menos se molesten en acceder a exámenes de estas comunidades de los años anteriores, lo cual yo ya he hecho con absoluta facilidad a través del Google. Comprobarán que esto es así, y si queremos que nuestras estadísticas no desentonen tanto con respecto al resto de las comunidades lo que hay que hacer es tan sencillo como adecuar el nivel de exigencia al resto. No creo que sea en absoluto problema de formación de nuestros estudiantes, ya que en algunas ocasiones he tenido la oportunidad de comparar estos niveles con jóvenes de otras comunidades por razón de mi trabajo, y los nuestros no desentonan lo más mínimo.

    PINCHA PARA ACCEDER A LA ESTADÍSTICA DEL INE
    No obstante lo anterior, la UMU ha salido hoy al paso de estos datos aportados por el INE desmitiendo esta noticia y afirmando que el porcentaje real de aprobados en Murcia supera el 85%. Habría entonces que analizar quién miente respecto a los datos, o quién ha metido la pata hasta el fondo. Sin duda,  alguno de los funcionarios de las administraciones implicadas ha perdido la ilusión por el trabajo que realiza y no ha sido lo suficientemente diligente para introducir los datos de las calificaciones obtenidas.

     
    En cuanto al partido jugado el sábado en Archena por nuestro CBC Junior masculino, decir que probablemente en el mismo caso que el funcionario en cuestión se encontrara uno de los árbitros que dirigieron dicho encuentro, en el estado emocional de pérdida de la ilusión por el trabajo que realiza, que dicho sea de paso es remunerado. Decía al principio de esta entrada que errar es humano, pero cuando lo haces de forma deliberada cruzamos la línea de la legalidad, o por qué no decirlo, de la cara dura. Si has perdido la ilusión por pitar cambia de oficio, es tan sencillo como eso, tampoco creo que el arbitraje te dé de comer y que sea el sustento de tu vida.

    A pesar de ello nuestro equipo sacó el partido adelante, pintaron oros. Nuestro entrenador fue capaz de transmitir a los jugadores la tranquilidad y el trabajo en pista, a pesar de la que les estaba cayendo encima. De hecho nuestro pivot fue emparedado en innumerables ocasiones en la lucha por el rebote y curiosamente fue él el que acabó en el banquillo con 5 personales. Así es la vida.

    Fotografías de Antonio Céspedes.
     

              Middels omzwervingen kom ik thuis   
    Gisteren op een rommelmarkt in de Ijhallen trof ik in perfecte staat 'De vertellingen van duizend-en-één nacht' van uitgeverij Libris aan (druk 2006). Hafid Bouazza fluisterde me in 2007 al in dat ik deze boeken zeker gelezen moet hebben. Luxe cassette, drie banden met daarin alle verhalen op dun rijstpapier, vertaald door Richard van Leeuwen. Iemand bij Bol.com schreef in een Review dat het enige nadeel van deze boeken het dunne papier was.
    Ikzelf word als een kind zo blij van rijstpapier.
    Misschien een stukje nostalgie naar mijn oude bijbel in de kerkbank. Het geloof van mijn jeugd mag dan inmiddels verloren zijn, het gevoel dat dit papier veroorzaakte niet!
    Voorzichtig moet je een bladzijde omslaan en de tekst voelt net zo heilig en kostbaar.
    Voor twee euro kon ik ze meenemen, een goede koop zo bleek, want onder de dertig euro vind je ze niet snel tweedehands.

    In januari 2008 vond ik voor vijf euro (jawel) op een boekenmarkt in de Eusebiuskerk te Arnhem twee delen van 'Duizend en een nacht - Arabische vertellingen'. Deze druk is een 'paar' jaartjes ouder. Amsterdam, Gebrs. Koster, 1882. Voorzien van prachtige gekleurde illustraties.





    Ik legde de boeken naast elkaar om de tekst te vergelijken. Laten we stellen dat twee vertalingen vanuit het Arabisch in een andere tijdgeest niet enkel verschillen veroorzaken maar bijna volledig andere verhalen. Het is bijna een kwestie van 'zoek de overeenkomsten'.

    Op internet kan ik bar weinig terugvinden over de twee delen uit 1882 die ik in mijn bezit heb. Ik kan ze niet terugvinden bij antiquariaten of op veilingen.
    Na wat zoekwerk kom ik erachter dat ik waarschijnlijk de Lauckhard versie heb, de illustraties komen zeer overeen.

    Na veel speurwerk beland ik op een PDF van een krant. "Nieuws van den Dag - dinsdag 2 december 1884". (U kunt zoeken op het PDF middels CTRL+F).
    Hier tref ik mijn 'Duizend en één Nacht - Arabische Vertellingen' te koop aan!
    Voor maar FL 1,90 en zowaar in Nieuwstaat!
    Ehh...Toen in ieder geval...

    Vervolgens verlies ik mij in het nieuws van de dag van bijna 130 jaar geleden.

    Ik lees dat mijn burgerlijke staat benut werd in het zoeken naar een nieuwe woning of werkgever. Zou het respect hebben afgedwongen of was jong weduwe worden gewoon meer algemeen? De deftige dame heeft overigens wel wat noten op haar zang:

    "Eene deftige Dame —Weduwe— vraagt te Huur te Amsterdam,
    op een fatsoenlijken en aangenamen
    stand, in een net, zindelijk, stil
    gezin, twee goed en net gemeubeleerde
    Kamers en Suite,
    of aan elkander grenzende, niet
    hooger dan eerste étage en met
    Bediening, tegen den huurprijs van ’35 a ’40 per maand, en al of
    niet levéring van Diner, tegen nader
    overeen te komen conditiën."


    Jongemannen van uiteraard onbesproken gedrag vragen om geld te leen:

    "HH. Geldschieters.
    Wie helpt een JONGMENSCH,
    Eigenaar, van onbesproken gedrag,
    aan ’ 500, tegen goede borgstelling
    en rente, met m. alloss. a ’5O."


    Op zoek naar een spannende date via Relatieplanet? Welnee, er wordt gezocht naar een huwelijkskandidaat!

    "Huwelijk.
    Een Heer, flink uiterlijk, 27 jaar,
    net bestaan en komende in 't bezit
    van Kapitaal, wenscht kennismaking
    en spoedig Huwelijk met eene
    eenigszins gefortuneerde Dame.
    Brieven, onder No. 893,Boekhandel
    van J. CRANENDONCQ, Nijmegen."


    Ik vraag mij overigens af of een 'flink uiterlijk' wil zeggen dat hij corpulent was of juist woest aantrekkelijk.

    Uiteindelijk kom ik, middels deze omzwervingen, bizar dichtbij huis. Via de vertellingen van duizend-en-één nacht uit 2006, naar de druk uit 1882, beland ik uiteindelijk in een dagkrant uit 1884 en valt mijn oog op een advertentie met daarin, onmiskenbaar, mijn werkadres
    En zo ontdek ik welk bedrijf er huishield in 1884 en beeld mij de werkplaats in, exact op dezelfde plek waar nu mijn bureau staat. De zware houten balken op de zolder krijgen kleur en ik vraag me af; Werden hier de handgemaakte spullen opgeslagen? En wie weet bewonderde hij 127 jaar geleden zijn eigen advertentie in de krant - wellicht zittend op de plek waar ik nu dagelijks zit - en viel zijn oog vervolgens op de aanbieding van vier delen 'Duizend en één nacht' en besloot hij naar de winkel te snellen om deze stante pe te kopen. Het valt zelfs niet volledig uit te sluiten dat ik nu zijn boek in handen heb. Prima, dat is wellicht vergezocht, máár:

    Wie durft te beweren dat reizen in den tijd niet mogelijk is noem ik vanaf heden een ongelovige.
    Ik heb vanochtend een reisgenoot ontmoet en zal hem morgen op mijn werk respectvol groeten!
              Morning News Call - India, June 30   

    To access the newsletter, click on the link: http://share.thomsonreuters.com/assets/newsletters/Indiamorning/MNC_IN_06302017.pdf If you would like to receive this newsletter via email, please register at: https://forms.thomsonreuters.com/india-morning/ FACTORS TO WATCH 9:15 am: CDSL Listing ceremony in Mumbai. 11:00 am: Central Bank of India annual shareholders meet in Mumbai. 11:00 am: Singapore Airlines event in Mumbai. 2:30 pm: SpiceJet to launch its first SpiceStyle Store in Gurgaon. 3:30 pm: Earth Sciences Minister Harshvardhan at an event in New Delhi. 3:30 pm: Hindustan Unilever annual shareholders meet in Mumbai. 5:00 pm: India government to release May infrastructure output data in NewDelhi. 5:00 pm: RBI to release weekly foreign exchange data in Mumbai. 6:00 pm: Earth Sciences Minister Harsh Vardhan, World Bank Team at an eventin New Delhi. 6:30 pm: RBI Deputy Governor Viral Acharya, Banks Board Bureau ChairmanVinod Rai at an event in Mumbai. LIVECHAT - WEEKAHEAD Reuters EMEA markets editor Mike Dolan discusses the upcoming week's mainmarket inflection points at 3:30 pm IST. To join the conversation, click on thelink: https://forms.thomsonreuters.com/communities/ INDIA TOP NEWS • Fast forward; GST set to transform face of Indian logistics industry India's greatest tax reform - replacing an array of provincial duties with anationwide goods and services tax - is transforming the logistics industry in acountry where moving stuff around is notoriously difficult to do, executivessay. • IndiGo eyes Air India stake in possible privatisation India's biggest airline, IndiGo, has expressed unsolicited interest inbuying a stake in state-owned Air India, the junior aviation minister said onThursday, a day after the cabinet approved plans to privatise the carrier. • Eris Lifesciences edges lower after $264 million IPO Indian drug maker Eris Lifesciences Ltd's shares swung between gains andlosses in a tepid market debut on Thursday, after raising $263.8 million in aninitial public offering. • Coal India betting big on renewables, says minister Coal India Ltd, the world's largest miner of the dirty fuel, will generate 1gigawatt of renewable electricity this year as part of its plan to produce asmuch as 10 GW clean power in total, a federal minister said on Thursday. • India could raise import taxes on crude, refined veg oils- governmentsource India is likely to raise import duty on refined and crude vegetable oils,like palm and soyoil, as local oilseed prices slumped below the governmentsupport levels, a government official told Reuters on Thursday. • Mutual funds managers need to improve due diligence: SEBI Indian mutual funds need to improve their due diligence before investing incorporate bonds and not rely only on credit ratings given rising concerns aboutpotential defaults, the chairman of the country's capital markets regulator saidon Thursday. • CRISIL Ratings buys 8.9 percent stake in rival CARE for $68 million CRISIL Ltd, majority owned by S&P Global Inc, bought a 8.9 percent stake inrival CARE Ratings for 4.36 billion rupees $67.55 million, expanding into thecountry's ratings business at a time of surging corporate bond issuance. GLOBAL TOP NEWS • China factory growth fastest in 3 months as new orders, output rise China's manufacturing sector expanded at the quickest pace in three monthsin June, buoyed by strong production and new orders, reassuring news forauthorities trying strike a balance between deleveraging and keeping the economyon an even keel. • Trump administration reverses policy on fiancés as travel ban takes effect U.S. President Donald Trump's administration reversed a decision late onThursday as its revised travel ban took effect and said fiancés would beconsidered close family members and therefore allowed to travel to the UnitedStates. • Their fortunes enmeshed, Trump and Putin to hold first meeting next week U.S. President Donald Trump will meet with Russian President Vladimir Putinnext week at a summit in Germany that brings two world leaders whose politicalfortunes have become intertwined face-to-face for the first time. LOCAL MARKETS OUTLOOK (As reported by NewsRise) • The SGX Nifty Futures were at 9,504.50, little changed from its previousclose. • The Indian rupee will likely fall against the dollar on expectations localshares will follow regional peers lower, as bond yields harden in developednations amid bets interest rates are headed higher in the U.S. and Europe. • Indian government bonds are likely to edge higher today as some banks mayboost debt purchases on the last day of the fiscal first quarter. However, freshsupply of bonds and higher U.S. yields may lead to selling by some investors.The yield on the benchmark 6.79 percent bond maturing in 2027 is likely to tradein a 6.49 percent-6.54 percent band today. GLOBAL MARKETS • Wall Street fell sharply on Thursday, with the S&P 500 and the Dowindustrials suffering their worst daily percentage drops in about six weeks, asa recent decline in technology shares deepened and outweighed strength in bankshares. • Japan's Nikkei share average stumbled to two-week lows morning afterinvestors turned risk-averse as major central banks signalled that the era ofcheap money was coming to an end, which hurt both U.S. and European marketsovernight. • The dollar languished near a nine-month low against a basket ofcurrencies, bogged down by growing expectations of more hawkish monetarypolicies in Europe and Canada and doubts about another U.S. interest rateincrease this year. • Benchmark U.S. Treasury yields rose to six-week highs on Thursday on thelikelihood that central banks in Europe will become less accommodative, beforebonds pared price losses as stocks declined. • Crude oil futures were on track for their biggest weekly gain sincemid-May, ending five weeks of losses with prices underpinned by a decline inU.S. output. • Gold prices steadied, supported by an easing dollar and falling equitieseven as comments from global central banks suggested monetary tightening inEurope and Canada. CLOSE FII INVESTMENTS EQUITIES DEBT PNDF spot 64.56/64.59 June 29 -$176.48 mln $145.75 mln 10-yr bond yield 6.87 Month-to-date $498.85 mln $4.55 bln Year-to-date $8.48 bln $17.99 bln For additional data: India govt bond market volumes Stock market reports Non-deliverable forwards data Corporate debt stories [IN CORPD] Local market closing/intraday levels [IN SNAPSHOT] Monthly inflows [INFLOWS RTRS TABLE IN] ($1 = 64.63 Indian rupees) (Compiled by Benny Thomas in Bengaluru)


              Kimball Hill Rd/Route 111 Road Construction   

    The Kimball Hill Road/Route 111 (Central Street) project will begin July 10, 2017. This project consists off adding a second lane on Kimball Hill Road to accommodate for a left lane only and a through lane (map overview). The project is scheduled for completion by August 25, 2017. There are no road closures expected during construction.


              (USA-MI-Garden City) Private Duty Home Health aide   
    Position Id UHHS-72903-23-217 Job summaryJob description/Responsibilities:JOB SUMMARY:Within scope of practice and under the direction and supervision of a licensed Registered Nurse or Therapist provides prescribed therapeutic services (including personal care, rehabilitative activities, meal preparation and home making duties) in order to restore and prevent disability for clients, or patients with musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, and cardiopulmonary disorders.SECTION I:PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITYA. KNOWLEDGE OF WORK 1.Assists with activities of daily living and performs simple procedures as directed by the nurse or therapist in the written home health aide care plan.2.Demonstrates active participation in home care department operational functionsB. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 1.Performs care per written home health aide plan of care. Care may include:a.Bathing * complete bed bath, partial bath, tub or shower.b.Skin care including back rubs and measures to prevent further breakdown.c.Toileting activities * bedpan, urinal, BSC, or bathroomd.Oral hygiene measurese.Meal planning, preparation and assisting with feeding the patientf.Simple wound care procedures as instructed by the skilled clinician2.Performs simple procedures as an extension of therapy services such as:a.Assist with transfersb.Assist with ambulation independently or with assistive device.c.Performs PROMd.Assists with /verifies completion of exercises per written plan of therapist3.Provides personal care services to patients after reviewing the care plan. Asks questions of the supervisor regarding care to be provided, as needed with the nurse or therapist.4.Performs light housekeeping tasks per care plan.5.Notifies primary clinician / or supervisor of any change in the patient*s condition or if the patients refuse care.6.Accurately obtains and documents vital signs per department policy, if ordered on the care plan.7.Communicates the patient*s response to treatment and effectiveness of the plan of care as set by the nurse or therapist.8.Notifies Case Manager or supervisor immediately of significant problems or unusual incidents requiring intervention, and when appropriate, takes action to intervene. 9.Documentation submitted weekly on time.10.All other duties as assigned or required.Company Policy: We are an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer and do not discriminate against applicants due to veteran status, disability, race, gender,gender identity, sexual orientation or other protected characteristics. If you need special accommodation for the application process, please contact Human Resources.EEO is the Law: http://www1.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/eeoc_self_print_poster.pdfRequired Qualification:1.Recent experience as a Nursing Assistant in a nursing home or hospital setting or recent experience as a Home Health Aide. Student Nurse with medical-surgical clinical experience.2.High School Diploma or equivalent3.Home Health Aide Certification/Proof of Training required4.Current BLS certification from American Heart Association5.Current driver*s license, car insurance, car registration, and reliable automobile required. Ability to travel to:Brighton, Downriver and South LyonExperience: Minimum 1 YearJob Family: Healthcare Support OccupationsOccupations: Home Health AidesDegree Required: High School Diploma/Ged Or HigherWe are an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer and do not discriminate against applicants due to veteran status, disability, race, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or other protected characteristics. If you need special accommodation for the application process, please contact Human Resources:hr-prime@primehealthcare.com
              (USA-MI-Garden City) Private Duty Home Health aide   
    Position Id UHHS-72903-45-217 Job summaryJob description/Responsibilities:JOB SUMMARY:Within scope of practice and under the direction and supervision of a licensed Registered Nurse or Therapist provides prescribed therapeutic services (including personal care, rehabilitative activities, meal preparation and home making duties) in order to restore and prevent disability for clients, or patients with musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, and cardiopulmonary disorders.SECTION I:PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITYA. KNOWLEDGE OF WORK 1.Assists with activities of daily living and performs simple procedures as directed by the nurse or therapist in the written home health aide care plan.2.Demonstrates active participation in home care department operational functionsB. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 1.Performs care per written home health aide plan of care. Care may include:a.Bathing * complete bed bath, partial bath, tub or shower.b.Skin care including back rubs and measures to prevent further breakdown.c.Toileting activities * bedpan, urinal, BSC, or bathroomd.Oral hygiene measurese.Meal planning, preparation and assisting with feeding the patientf.Simple wound care procedures as instructed by the skilled clinician2.Performs simple procedures as an extension of therapy services such as:a.Assist with transfersb.Assist with ambulation independently or with assistive device.c.Performs PROMd.Assists with /verifies completion of exercises per written plan of therapist3.Provides personal care services to patients after reviewing the care plan. Asks questions of the supervisor regarding care to be provided, as needed with the nurse or therapist.4.Performs light housekeeping tasks per care plan.5.Notifies primary clinician / or supervisor of any change in the patient*s condition or if the patients refuse care.6.Accurately obtains and documents vital signs per department policy, if ordered on the care plan.7.Communicates the patient*s response to treatment and effectiveness of the plan of care as set by the nurse or therapist.8.Notifies Case Manager or supervisor immediately of significant problems or unusual incidents requiring intervention, and when appropriate, takes action to intervene. 9.Documentation submitted weekly on time.10.All other duties as assigned or required.Company Policy: We are an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer and do not discriminate against applicants due to veteran status, disability, race, gender,gender identity, sexual orientation or other protected characteristics. If you need special accommodation for the application process, please contact Human Resources.EEO is the Law: http://www1.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/eeoc_self_print_poster.pdfRequired Qualification:1.Recent experience as a Nursing Assistant in a nursing home or hospital setting or recent experience as a Home Health Aide. Student Nurse with medical-surgical clinical experience.2.High School Diploma or equivalent3.Home Health Aide Certification/Proof of Training required4.Current BLS certification from American Heart Association5.Current driver*s license, car insurance, car registration, and reliable automobile required. Ability to travel to:Brighton, Downriver and South LyonExperience: Minimum 1 YearJob Family: Healthcare Support OccupationsOccupations: Home Health AidesDegree Required: High School Diploma/Ged Or HigherWe are an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer and do not discriminate against applicants due to veteran status, disability, race, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or other protected characteristics. If you need special accommodation for the application process, please contact Human Resources:hr-prime@primehealthcare.com
              (USA-MI-Garden City) Private Duty Home Health aide   
    Position Id UHHS-72903-14-217 Job summaryJob description/Responsibilities:JOB SUMMARY:Within scope of practice and under the direction and supervision of a licensed Registered Nurse or Therapist provides prescribed therapeutic services (including personal care, rehabilitative activities, meal preparation and home making duties) in order to restore and prevent disability for clients, or patients with musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, and cardiopulmonary disorders.SECTION I:PERFORMANCE ACCOUNTABILITYA. KNOWLEDGE OF WORK 1.Assists with activities of daily living and performs simple procedures as directed by the nurse or therapist in the written home health aide care plan.2.Demonstrates active participation in home care department operational functionsB. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 1.Performs care per written home health aide plan of care. Care may include:a.Bathing * complete bed bath, partial bath, tub or shower.b.Skin care including back rubs and measures to prevent further breakdown.c.Toileting activities * bedpan, urinal, BSC, or bathroomd.Oral hygiene measurese.Meal planning, preparation and assisting with feeding the patientf.Simple wound care procedures as instructed by the skilled clinician2.Performs simple procedures as an extension of therapy services such as:a.Assist with transfersb.Assist with ambulation independently or with assistive device.c.Performs PROMd.Assists with /verifies completion of exercises per written plan of therapist3.Provides personal care services to patients after reviewing the care plan. Asks questions of the supervisor regarding care to be provided, as needed with the nurse or therapist.4.Performs light housekeeping tasks per care plan.5.Notifies primary clinician / or supervisor of any change in the patient*s condition or if the patients refuse care.6.Accurately obtains and documents vital signs per department policy, if ordered on the care plan.7.Communicates the patient*s response to treatment and effectiveness of the plan of care as set by the nurse or therapist.8.Notifies Case Manager or supervisor immediately of significant problems or unusual incidents requiring intervention, and when appropriate, takes action to intervene. 9.Documentation submitted weekly on time.10.All other duties as assigned or required.Company Policy: We are an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer and do not discriminate against applicants due to veteran status, disability, race, gender,gender identity, sexual orientation or other protected characteristics. If you need special accommodation for the application process, please contact Human Resources.EEO is the Law: http://www1.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/eeoc_self_print_poster.pdfRequired Qualification:1.Recent experience as a Nursing Assistant in a nursing home or hospital setting or recent experience as a Home Health Aide. Student Nurse with medical-surgical clinical experience.2.High School Diploma or equivalent3.Home Health Aide Certification/Proof of Training required4.Current BLS certification from American Heart Association5.Current driver*s license, car insurance, car registration, and reliable automobile required. Ability to travel to:Brighton, Downriver and South LyonExperience: Minimum 1 YearJob Family: Healthcare Support OccupationsOccupations: Home Health AidesDegree Required: High School Diploma/Ged Or HigherWe are an Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer and do not discriminate against applicants due to veteran status, disability, race, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or other protected characteristics. If you need special accommodation for the application process, please contact Human Resources:hr-prime@primehealthcare.com
              Konvertierungsproblem RGB–>CMYK   
    Moin,

    es geht um ein Problem in einem Kochbuch in QXP 8, dass identisch aufbereitete Fotos nach der Konvertierung in einem Druck-PDF unterschiedlich erscheinen und dann gedruckt werden.

    Ich habe einen RGB-CMYK-Workflow.

    Es ist der Unterschied der Darstellung der Fotos bei Kategorienfoto und den Fotos in einem Rezept.

    Alle Fotos sind identisch fotografiert und weiterverarbeitet worden.

    Digitalkamera (RGB) –> iBooks Author (RGB) –> Export als PDF –> Acrobat, einzelne Seiten (RGB) –> QXP 8 (RGB) –> Export als Druck-PDF und Konvertierung von RGB in CMYK.

    Trotz des identischen Bearbeitungsvorgangs ist der Unterschied sehr groß. Kategorienfoto sind brillant und schön, Fotos in einem Rezept sind matt, stumpf und nicht brillant.

    Woher kommt dieser Unterschied? Wie behebe ich dieses Problem?

    Ich habe eine QXP-Datei mit zwei Seiten und eine PDF-Datei mit zwei Seiten auf meinem Server bereitgestellt:

    http://daten.kreativ-schmie.de
    Benutzername: Gast
    Passwort: Server

    Ich wünsche einen schönen Tag.

    Grüße

    Thobie
    --
    Helfen Sie mit, damit HilfDirSelbst.ch weiterhin helfen kann. http://www.hilfdirselbst.ch/info/

    Imagebroschüre: https://www.kreativ-schmie.de/...f=art_und_design.pdf
    Kontakt: http://www.medien-schmie.de/ ... QuarkXPress 30. Jun 2017, 16:30 (Thobie)
              Tennessee AG Adds Signature to Letter Demanding End of DACA   
    Tennessee Attorney General Herbert Slatery joined nine other attorney generals and a governor today in sending a letter to President Donald Trump's administration calling for the end of a program that protects young immigrants from being deported, as well as allows them to work.

    The 11 signatories of the letter are demanding that the five-year-old Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program be formally rescinded before September 5 of this year or they will challenge the program in court.

    In Tennessee, ending DACA would mean the loss of over 8,000 jobs for young immigrants, putting businesses across the state in the position of having to hire and train new employees.

    Additionally, according to public policy research organization, the Cato Institute, repealing DACA would result in a $60 billion loss in federal revenue, with a $280 billion reduction in economic growth over the next 10 years.

    Youth Organizer with the Tennessee Immigrant and Refugee Rights Coalition and DACA recipient Cesar Bautista, says the group will continue to defend the program.

    "It is shameful that Attorney General Slatery would join forces with other extremists attorney generals to launch an attack on DACA recipients like me," Bautista said. "Tennessee is our home, and we will not let our attorney general help deport us. We are here to stay."


              A cognitive decision interface to optimise integrated weed management   
    Tweet A cognitive decision interface to optimise integrated weed management. 7th Asian-Australasian Conference on Precision Agriculture, Hamilton, New Zealand 16-18 October 2017. [.pdf] Kate Devitt*1, Tristan Perez 1 Debra Polson1 Tamara Pearce1 Ryan Quagliata1 Wade Taylor1 Jenine Beekhuyzen1 David Thornby2  1 Queensland University of
              International Conference on Thinking 2016   
    Tweet Devitt, S.K., Pearce, T.R., Perez, T. & Bruza, P. (2016). Mitigating against cognitive bias when eliciting expert intuitions. International Conference on Thinking. Brown University, Providence RI, 4-6 Aug. [.pdf handout] Abstract: Experts are increasingly being called upon to build decision
              One Step Closer to Marriage in New Hampshire!   

    AP photo of folks leaving the NH State house today.

    This just in--the New Hampshire House has approved a marriage equality bill! The bill's next stop is the Senate. If passed, New Hampshire would be the third state to allow marriage for gay and lesbian couples. The state currently allows civil unions for same-sex couples, which has provided all the statewide benefits of marriage for the past two years. Massachusetts and Connecticut currently have marriage equality laws on the books. Though the Vermont Senate approved a marriage equality bill this week, the state's Gov. Jim Douglas has announced he would veto it. The Rev. V. Gene Robinson (who will be honored with the Stephen F. Kolzak Award at our LA Media Awards!) testified in support of marriage and told the AP:
    "I am delighted, because it's clear to me that New Hampshire values one class of citizenship and not two."
    March 27, 2009

              Sean Kennedy's Killer Denied Early Parole   

    Coverage of Tuesday's vigil, including Elke Kennedy (right).

    As we reported at glaadBLOG last month, the man who killed 20-year-old Sean Kennedy because he was gay was up for early parole after serving only 8 months. After getting word of this, Sean's mother Elke Kennedy called on the community for help through the foundation she started in her son’s name, Sean’s Last Wish. Tuesday night, Sean's Last Wish held a vigil in Sean's memory at the South Carolina State House. The vigil was a call to local authorities to keep Sean's killer behind bars, and to recognize hate crimes. Elke told WIS-TV news that the state needs a hate crimes law: "[Sean] always said, 'when I get older, I'm gonna change this, make sure people are treated equally." Local South Carolina media reports today that Sean's Killer, Stephen Moller, was denied early parole. South Carolina is one of only five states that does not have hate crime legislation on the books. Click here to see local news coverage of Tuesday's vigil.
    February 11, 2009

              Sean Kennedy's Killer May Get Early Parole   
    On May 16, 2007, Elke Kennedy got a call that's every mother's worst nightmare: her son was in critical condition at the hospital. Elke and her Greenville, South Carolina community soon came to realize that her openly gay son, Sean, was brutally and fatally beaten in what would be considered a hate crime in 31 states and the District of Columbia, but not in South Carolina. Now, less than two years after his tragic death, Elke was made aware that he son's killer, Stephen Andrew Moller, may be getting early parole this February.
    Sean Kennedy

    Sean Kennedy

    Through the foundation she started in her son's name, Sean's Last Wish, Elke is calling on the community for help:
    The parole board is currently conducting an investigation to decide whether to allow him to have a parole hearing, so it is critical that they hear from you that Stephen Andrew Moller violently murdered Sean Kennedy and should serve the remainder of his sentence!
    Creager and Kennedy

    GLAAD's Cindi Creager, Director of National News, with Elke Kennedy

    This fall, glaadBLOG caught up with Elke as part of GLAAD's "Share Your Story" series. Elke has spent the time since her son's tragic death as a community advocate, working toward LGBT-inclusive hate crimes legislation. Elke has also contributed a chapter, “What I know now about losing a son” for Crisis, a book edited by Mitchell Gold. (Last year, GLAAD partnered with Gold to urge people to share their stories with friends and family during the holiday season.) Elke has done just that--shared her story with friends, family, and the nation. She's worked with GLAAD to help share her story with local and national media. As Elke said:
    Each story I hear, each person I talk to assures me that I am doing what I need to be doing.
    Elke's story of dedicating her life to working for change for LGBT people, in her son's memory, is an inspiration. GLAAD invited Elke to attend the 19th Annual GLAAD Media Awards in both New York and Los Angeles as an honored guest.  In his speech to attendees GLAAD President, Neil Giuliano, made special mention of Sean Kennedy’s story and of Elke Kennedy’s work supporting LGBT people. [kaltura-widget wid="emp01pvqo0" width="410" height="364" /] To take part in Elke's letter writing campaign, please click here.
    January 6, 2009

              Marriage on the Horizon for New Jersey, Iowa's Gay Couples   
    Though the recent passage of three statewide marriage bans this fall was discouraging, it's time to look ahead to which states are putting marriage to the top of their agenda. A report released by New Jersey's Civil Union Review Commission this morning says that civil unions are just not enough, and that legislators must continue to push for marriage for gay and lesbian couples. New Jersey civil unions went into effect in early 2007, but the 13 commission members found that there have been instances of gay couples being treated unequally. Some were prevented from making medical decisions for each other or from visiting each other in the hospital. From the report:
    NJ Gov. John Corzine

    NJ Gov. John Corzine

    "...the separate categorization established by the Civil Union Act invites and encourages unequal treatment of same-sex couples and their children."
    Gov. Jon S. Corzine has previously stated that he would sign a bill allowing gay couples to marry. Over in Iowa, this week marks the opening day for the state's marriage case, Varnum v. Brien. Last August, Iowa's Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to bar same-sex couples from marrying. However, only one couple was able to marry before the judge put a stay on the decision less than 24 hours later, so the case is being heard again.
    Plaintiffs Kate and Trish Varnum (Lambda Legal.)

    Iowa Plaintiffs Kate and Trish Varnum (Lambda Legal.)

    Lambda Legal is representing the plaintiffs in the case. A decision isn't expected for at least a few months. Currently gay couples can legally marry in Massachusetts and Connecticut, and these marriages are also recognized by the state of New York. A recent poll conducted by Harris Interactive reported that two-thirds of Americans believe in legal relationship recognition for gay and lesbian couples.
    December 10, 2008

              Christian Pradoxes (7.7 MB)   

              MSC: The ecclesiastical abstention doctrine does not limit Courts' subject matter jurisdiction   
    In Winkler v. Marist Fathers of Detroit, Inc., No. 152889, the Michigan Supreme Court held that though the ecclesiastical abstention doctrine (the “Doctrine”) does not allow a court to substitute its opinion for that of a religious entity on matters that are ecclesiastical in nature, it does not divest a court of jurisdiction over claims as a whole just because they involve an ecclesiastical question.
              COA endorses streamlined process for amending pleadings   
    In Stenzel v. Best Buy Company Inc. 328804 a special conflict resolution panel of the Court of Appeals has decided to deviate from Williams v Arbor Home, Inc, 254 Mich App 439; 656 NW2d 873 (2002) and rule that the Michigan Supreme Court intended to streamline the process for amending a pleading to include a new party by allowing a party to file an amended pleading directly under MCR 2.112(K)(4), rather than filing a motion for leave to amend which the court would be required to grant without exception under MCL 600.2957(2). The Court of Appeals decided the two approaches were in direct conflict with one another, but that the constitutional authority granted to the Michigan Supreme Court under Article 6 § 5 to “establish, modify, amend and simplify the practice and procedure in all courts of this state” allowed the court rule to override and control.
              MSC: Supreme Court “adds” extra day to statute of limitations period for medical malpractice actions    
    The Michigan Supreme Court, in Haksluoto v. Mt. Clemens Regional Medical Center, No. 153723, reversed the decision of the Court of Appeals and held that when a timely notice of intent (NOI) is filed, it preserves the day it was filed as one to be used after the required notice period of 182 days ends and the statute of limitations for medical malpractice actions resumes.
              UNESCO participó en el segundo Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Artes en Guayaquil, Ecuador   

    Entre el 21 y el 23 de junio de 2017, la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito y Representación para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, a través de su Sector Cultura, participó en la segunda edición del Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Artes, organizado por la Universidad de las Artes (UArtes) de Guayaquil, a través del Instituto Latinoamericano de Investigación en Artes (ILIA).


    El 23 de junio de realizó la mesa de diálogo “Ciudades creativas, ciudades pensadas, ciudades vividas”.

    La contribución de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito se vinculó a la mesa de diálogo “Ciudades creativas, ciudades pensadas, ciudades vividas" -durante la mañana del día viernes 23-, con la ponencia “Cultura y creatividad: motores para el desarrollo urbano sostenible”. La presentación estuvo a cargo de Ernestina Cortés y Alessandro Martinotti, quienes resaltaron el trabajo de la UNESCO como la agencia de las Naciones Unidas con el mandato específico en cultura, en la visibilización de la cultura y el patrimonio como motores del desarrollo sostenible y como medios para mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas.

    La primera parte de la exposición tuvo por objetivo presentar los antecedentes y los elementos más significativos de la Convención de 2005 sobre la Protección y Promoción de la Diversidad de las Expresiones Culturales , un acuerdo internacional jurídicamente vinculante que garantiza que todos los ciudadanos, especialmente los artistas, los profesionales de la cultura y creativos, puedan crear, producir, distribuir, difundir y disfrutar de un amplia gama de servicios y bienes culturales. En particular, se hizo hincapié en la importancia de la libertad artística, definida como la libertad de imaginar, crear y distribuir expresiones culturales diversas sin censura, interferencia pública u otro tipo de presiones.

    En la segunda parte, se destacó el creciente reconocimiento que la cultura y la creatividad han logrado en los distintos escenarios, políticas y acciones implementadas a nivel global en pos del desarrollo sostenible, con particular atención en los contextos urbanos. En este sentido, se resaltaron los esfuerzos realizados por la UNESCO para fomentar la importancia de la diversidad y el diálogo intercultural, promover la cultura como motor del desarrollo sostenible, contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible establecidos en la Agenda 2030, e impulsar el papel estratégico de las industrias culturales y creativas en el desarrollo urbano sostenible.


    Las mesas de diálogo se centraron en tres ejes temáticos: política y sociedad, interculturalidad y derechos culturales, ciudades creativas y urbanismo en América Latina.

    Las ponencias magistrales y mesas de debate que articularon las tres jornadas, se anclaron, respectivamente, en los siguientes ejes temáticos: política y sociedad, interculturalidad y derechos culturales, ciudades creativas y urbanismo en América Latina. Durante el evento se desarrollaron varias actividades académicas y artísticas que tuvieron por objetivo el fomento de la investigación en y a través de las artes. Asimismo, el encuentro fue planteado como un espacio de diálogo que –mediante múltiples miradas- apuntó al análisis del papel de las artes en relación con los contextos sociales, económicos y culturales. 


              UNESCO apoya la construcción de la agenda de política exterior para la promoción del Ecuador   

    El día lunes 26 de junio fue inaugurado el “Taller para el Inicio de la construcción de la Hoja de Ruta de Política Exterior para la promoción del Ecuador”, el cual se llevó a cabo los días 26 y 27 de junio en la sede del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana del Ecuador.

    En la inauguración de este evento estuvieron presentes la Ministra de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana, María Fernanda Espinosa; el Ministro de Comercio Exterior, Pablo Campana; el Ministro de Cultura y Patrimonio, Raúl Pérez Torres; el Ministro de Turismo, Enrique Ponce de León Román y la Directora de la Oficina de UNESCO en Quito y Representante para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, Saadia Sánchez Vegas. 


    Saadia Sánchez, Directora de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito y Representante para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, durante su intervención en la sesión inaugural del taller.

    Durante la inauguración, la Directora y Representante Saadia Sánchez destacó que: “Nos complace generar sinergias y edificar un trabajo colaborativo con nuestras contrapartes en la construcción de la política pública”. Asimismo, Sánchez enfatizó la relevancia de la asistencia técnica de la UNESCO en la generación del marco de la gestión pública, con el ejemplo de la publicación “Aportes para la construcción de la política pública sobre el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial del Ecuador”, resultado de un proyecto ejecutado entre la UNESCO y Ecuador, cuyas contribuciones fueron utilizadas en la redacción del Acuerdo Ministerial Nro. DM-2017-009 que define los lineamientos de la política pública para la salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial (Enlace al discurso).


    La Canciller María Fernanda Espinoza, se refirió en sus palabras a la relevancia de la agenda de política exterior para promover al Ecuador en los ámbitos de la cultura, el patrimonio cultural inmaterial, la comunicación y promoción del turismo, y las relaciones exteriores y el comercio exterior.

    Por su parte, la Ministra Espinoza señaló que: “Este taller tiene gran relevancia porque nos permite incorporar, desde una mirada holística, los tres campos de acción prioritarios del Gobierno Nacional: el Diálogo Nacional, el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo y la Agenda de Política Exterior”.

    Como parte de la asistencia técnica de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito en el marco de la Agenda de Política Exterior para la promoción del Ecuador, se proporcionaron aportes sustantivos a la discusión y el trabajo de las mesas, con dos conferencias dictadas por el Sector Cultura, una primera conferencia dedicada a la promoción y protección de los artistas en el marco de la convención de 2005 sobre la Protección y Promoción de la Diversidad de las Expresiones Culturales, y una segunda conferencia relativa a las buenas prácticas de la participación comunitaria en la elaboración de herramientas de política pública, en el ámbito del “Proyecto para el fortalecimiento de Capacidades para la salvaguardia del patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial del Ecuador”.

    El taller, en el que participaron cerca de 60 personas, estuvo dirigido a representantes de distintas instituciones públicas y privadas, artistas y público en general, quienes, durante el desarrollo del evento, trabajaron en cinco mesas de trabajo dedicadas a los temas de cultura, patrimonio cultural inmaterial, comunicación y promoción, turismo y relaciones exteriores y comercio exterior, con el propósito de diseñar una hoja de ruta de política exterior para la promoción del Ecuador, a través de un proceso de discusión y definición de prioridades altamente participativo.


              (USA-MI-BATTLE CREEK PLANT) Manufacturing Operations - Student Support   
    Grow with us in a Temporary Student Support role on the Kellogg Supply Chain team – where we believe in your success. Are you interested in a broad range of meaningful, challenging experiences? Lead with us as you use your creativity and abilities to achieve great things. Learn with us as you develop your selling skills and collaborate across multiple teams. Together we’ll shape a stronger future for our company and your career. **WHAT WILL I BE DOING?** In your Operations Temporary Student Support role at Kellogg, you will be part of our success by: + Assist in the development and enhancement of Standard Operation Procedures and Conditions + Job shadowing all production positions, including but not limited to, Operations Supervisors and Operations Specialists + Participate and lead continuous improvement activities + Updating training materials, logging issues and other organizational tasks + Coordinating and planning small training projects + Inputting data and creating Key Performance Indicators + Provide input on process improvements **WHAT DO I NEED TO DEMONSTRATE?** As well as a hunger to learn and succeed in Supply Chain, to be considered for this position you must be able to meet the following requirements: Required: + Must be currently enrolled in a minimum of 6 credit hours at an accredited college or university working toward a degree in Supply Chain & Logistics or related field. + Must be willing to commit to working a minimum of 20 hours per week + Must live within a commutable distance to job location + Ability to handle multiple and sometimes conflicting priorities + Demonstrated ability to communicate effectively both written and verbally + Proficiency with Microsoft Office Suite and the ability to learn new software quickly + Ability to work within timelines and in pressure situations + Strong problem solving, persistency and decision making skills + Minimum of 3.0 GPA (Major); 2.7 GPA (Cumulative) Preferred: + Previous experience in the food industry, manufacturing a plus + Previous Internship or Co-op experience + Knowledge of OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration) regulations **WHAT ELSE DO I NEED TO KNOW?** The ability to work a full shift, come to work on time, work overtime as needed and the ability to work according to the necessary schedule to meet job requirements with or without reasonable accommodation is an essential function of this position. We are an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, ethnicity, disability, religion, national origin, gender, gender identity, gender expression, marital status, sexual orientation, age, protected veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law. Where required by state law and/or city ordinance; this employer will provide the Social Security Administration (SSA) and, if necessary, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), with information from each new employee’s Form I-9 to confirm work authorization. For additional information, please follow this Link at https://e-verify.uscis.gov/emp/media/resourcesContents/EverifyPosterEnglish.pdf for English or this Link at http://e-verify.uscis.gov/emp/media/resourcesContents/EverifyPosterSpanish.pdf for Spanish. **Title:** _Manufacturing Operations - Student Support_ **Location:** _USA-MI-Battle Creek Plant_ **Requisition ID:** _MAN004576_ **Job Function:** _Manufacturing and Distribution_ **Job Type:** _Internship/Graduate_ **Closing Date:** _Jul 30, 2017, 10:59:00 PM_ **Relocation Assistance:** _No_
              (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Field Service Engineer- Michigan   
    ## Description Agilent inspires and supports discoveries that advance the quality of life. We provide life science, diagnostic and applied market laboratories worldwide with instruments, services, consumables, applications and expertise. Agilent enables customers to gain the answers and insights they seek –– so they can do what they do best: improve the world around us. Information about Agilent is available at www.agilent.com. Responsible for on-site installation, implementation, maintenance and repair of company and multi-vendor systems solutions which may include hardware, software and networking products as well as operating systems. Installs and optimizes hardware/software/network products and configurations at customer sites. Diagnoses and resolves product performance problems. Performs maintenance and repair services. Ensures customer satisfaction by advising customers on preventive maintenance and configurations, which may impact product performance. Proactively responds to potential equipment issues to prevent unplanned interruption of customers' business. Delivers (does not design) fully integrated solutions, which may include peripherals, communications, operating systems and applications software. Serves as an internal resource on technical issues. May train other field engineers or customers. May calibrate equipment on-site for large volume customers. * Works on on-site customer service and support assignments with broadly defined objectives * Solves non-routine issues, challenges and problems within field of specialization ## Qualifications Bachelors or Master Degree or University Degree or equivalent. Minimum of 1-2yrs relevant experience with typically 2-4yrs. Agilent Technologies, Inc. is an Equal Employment Opportunity and Affirmative Action employer. We value diversity at all levels. All individuals, regardless of personal characteristics, are encouraged to apply. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to sex, pregnancy, race, religion or religious creed, color, gender, gender identity, gender expression, national origin, ancestry, physical or mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, registered domestic partner status, age, sexual orientation, military or veteran status, protected veteran status, or any other basis protected by federal, state, local law, ordinance, or regulation and will not be discriminated against on these bases. For more information about equal employment opportunity protections, please view the ‘EEO is the Law’ poster available here: https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/eeopost.pdf, https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/OFCCP_EEO_Supplement_Final_JRF_QA_508c.pdf Agilent Technologies, Inc., is committed to diversity in the workplace and strives to support candidates with disabilities. If you have a disability and need assistance with any part of the application or interview process or have questions about workplace accessibility, please contact +1-262-754-5030 (US and Canada only) or email job_posting@agilent.com. EOE AA M/F/Vet/Disability. *Date Posted:* 27/Jun/17 *Requisition:* 2072560 *Job Title:* Field Service Engineer- Michigan *Business:* Agilent CrossLab Group *Job Category:* Support / Service *Job Sub-Category:* Field Service Engineer *Region:* Americas *Country or Area:* United States *State/Province:* Michigan *Town/City:* Kalamazoo *Shift:* Day Job *Job Type:* Experienced *Schedule:* Full-time *Travel Required:* Yes, 25% of the Time *Duration (Temp Positions Only):* Not applicable *HR Country Location:* United States *HR Town/City Location:* Kalamazoo
              The Stevens wars   

    Charles Bernstein commissioned me to write a piece that would bring Wallace Stevens' reputation among contemporary poets up to date - from 1975 to the present. The essay I wrote, as has been noted here before, was published in the fall 2009 issue of Boundary 2. Here is a PDF version of the entire article, called "The Stevens Wars."

    In it I discuss the varying responsiveness to Stevens in the writings of (in order of appearance) Susan Howe, Ann Lauterbach, Michael Palmer, Charles Bernstein ("Loneliness in Linden" is a rejoinder to "Loneliness in Jersey City"), Lytle Shaw, Robert Creeley, Jack Spicer, Peter Gizzi, John Ashbery, John Hollander, and again Susan Howe as a very different sort of response than that of Hollander.

    read more


              Lançamentos de julho da Faro Editorial   
    Olá, pessoal!

    Quanto tempo, não é mesmo? Me perdoem o pequeno abandono, mas é porque estava muito atarefado com coisas de TCC, provas finais, ansiedade e medo (rs). Porém, tá tudo lindo agora, pois vou defender minha monografia semana que vem e passei em todas as matérias. Portanto, um pé para me declarar jornalista!

    Agora mudando de assunto vou apresentar para vocês dois lançamentos da Faro Editorial. Então venha conferir o que eles vão publicar em julho!


    F*ck Love (Louco amor) - Tarryn Fisher

    Algumas vezes, o seu pior inimigo será você. Outras, alguém para quem abriu o coração.

    Helena Conway se apaixonou. Contra sua vontade. Perdidamente. Mas não sem motivo.

    Kit Isley é o oposto dela – desencanado, espontâneo, alguém diferente de todos os homens que conheceu. E mesmo tão diferentes, parece que Kit consegue enxergar nela o que muitas vezes nem Helena vê. Poderia ser perfeito... se Kit não fosse o namorado da sua melhor amiga. E ela precisa fazer a coisa certa... Mas quem manda no coração, e o que é o certo afinal?

    A Faro Editorial lança em julho “Fuck Love”, quarto romance da autora Best-seller do New York Times, Tarryn Fisher, no Brasil. Conhecida e amada pelos leitores por criar personagens reais, com falhas, medos, inseguranças, egoísmos e que poderiam ser qualquer um de nós, Tarryn cria o enredo de um romance possível, sem rodeios, sem fantasia. Porque na vida real, se apaixonar pode ser a pior e a melhor coisa que te acontece.

    Helena sabia que era errado desejar Kit. Helena sabia que a amizade de infância com Della era mais importante. Helena sabia que existem outros homens. Sim, ela sabia, mas que droga, como você controla o que sente? Tentando sufocar os sentimentos, aprendendo a se valorizar e se descobrir, Helena entra de cabeça numa história complicada, que pode deixar um rastro de mágoas, mas que também pode ser a melhor coisa que já aconteceu na vida dela. Algumas vezes o amor é isso, caos e alegria. Só basta saber qual será a escolha dela...

    Um livro forte, pulsante que nos faz pensar, e acreditar que esse sim é um romance real. E depois dessa história, todas as outras vão parecer simples contos de fadas.

    A Faro foi tão boazinha que até liberou o primeiro capítulo que você pode acessar por aqui.


    Os erros fatais do socialismo - F. A. Hayek

    Distribuição igualitária de bens e renda, extinção da divisão de classes, economia planificada, garantia de acesso a todos os direitos básicos controlados por um governo feito pelo e para o povo. Essas são as ideias centrais do Socialismo e que em sua teoria buscam uma forma de vida justa para todas as pessoas. Mas quando socialismo, política e interesses financeiros se encontram, a prática não é bem assim.

    A Faro Editorial lança em julho o livro “Os erros fatais do socialismo” de Friedrich A. Hayek, um dos maiores pensadores políticos do mundo de sua geração e Prêmio Nobel de Economia.

    Neste livro, Hayek apresenta um exame fundamental e crítico das ideias centrais do socialismo. Ele argumenta que o socialismo, desde as suas origens, foi confundido com algo embasado em fundamentos científicos e factuais, e mesmo lógicos, mas que seus repetidos fracassos, nas muitas e diferentes aplicações práticas que o mundo testemunhou, foram o resultado direto desse equívoco conceitual.

    Sempre contundente e controverso – uma marca de suas obras - este manifesto traz um relato acessível às principais vertentes do pensamento de Hayek e explica a rede de erros em que todas as sedutoras e idealistas propostas socialistas se encerram.

    “O traço intelectual mais marcante de F. A. Hayek é incomum na vida acadêmica: o espírito independente, que o levava a nadar contra algumas das correntes mais poderosas de sua época.” - JOHN GRAY — Filósofo e Político Inglês

    É isso, pessoal! Em breve terá no blog resenha do novo livro da Tarryn e espero que vocês também leiam mais um livro dessa autora maravilhosa.





              Venerdì 30 giugno. La Preghiera di Riparazione   
    Ricordiamo che oggi, venerdì, è il giorno dedicato alla nostra Preghiera di Riparazione secondo le modalità, complete delle Litanie del Sacro Cuore, che trovate qui.

    Altre notizie e avvisi su Riscossa Cristiana [qui].

    Ringraziamo per la riuscita della processione di ieri a Milano, in riparazione del “gay-pride”. Restiamo fedeli al nostro impegno nella preghiera di riparazione, sia per i nostri peccati, sia per quanto vediamo con dolore accadere quotidianamente nel mondo. Oggi abbiamo nel cuore l'eutanasia di stato sdoganata con la sentenza nei confronti del piccolo Charlie. Preghiamo anche perché il Signore voglia presto darci Santi Pastori che possano guidare i fedeli in questa epoca di smarrimento, di confusione e di empietà e sostenga quelli che si espongono con parresìa.

    Per la nostra formazione, proponiamo una lettura di San Bonaventura da Bagnoregio. Anche oggi il testo potrà essere scaricato in formato pdf cliccando qui; in tal modo potrete costituire e conservare la vostra biblioteca di letture di formazione.

              脂質修飾を狙う病原菌の細胞乗っ取り戦略   

    松原 守

    生物工学会誌95巻3号 p.143(2017)

    https://www.sbj.or.jp/wp-content/uploads/file/sbj/9503/9503_biomedia_4.pdf
    143
              タンパク質を巻き戻すコツと原理   
    二見淳一郎
    生物工学会誌 – 95巻6号 p.328 (2017)
    http://www.sbj.or.jp/wp-content/uploads/file/sbj/9506/9506_yomoyama.pdf


              Visits to Proxima Centauri’s planet are probably millennia away    

    Even alpha particle propulsion is too slow for trip to new world

    Context
    illustration of the distance to Proxima Centauri

    Proxima Centauri, the nearest member of the Alpha Centauri triple star system, is just a little more than 4 light-years away from the sun. With a proposed propulsion scheme using alpha particle decay, travel time to the star's newly discovered planet would be no shorter than 4,000 years.

    If you’d like to vacation at the newly found planet orbiting Proxima Centauri, you might want to reconsider. It’s nearby astronomically — a mere 4.2 light-years away — but still too far away for any plausible transportation technology to reach within the current millennium.

    In fact, it’s a pretty safe bet the Chicago Cubs will win the World Series before any human steps foot on Earth’s nearest exoplanetary neighbor (known as Proxima b). Unless P. Centaurian aliens arrive soon with a “To Serve Man” cookbook, your chances of visiting Proxima b before you die are about the same as sainthood for Ted Bundy. By the time anybody from here goes there, years will have five digits.   

    It took NASA’s New Horizons probe — the fastest spacecraft humans have ever launched — over nine years just to get to Pluto. At its top speed of 16 kilometers per second, New Horizons would need almost 80,000 years to get to Proxima Centauri.

    Solar sail propulsion — in which lightweight craft could be accelerated by pressure from sunlight — would be a little be faster, but not by much, taking (by one estimate) 66,000 years to make the Proxima Centauri run.

    Novel propulsion schemes have been proposed that could reduce that time substantially. A sail driven by alpha particle recoil, for instance, provides some serious advantages over solar sails, as Wenwu Zhang and colleagues point out in the August issue of Applied Radiation and Isotopes.

    Ordinary rocket speed is limited by how fast the combusted fuel can eject exhaust; NASA has investigated a plasma engine design that can attain exhaust speeds of 50 km/s. But that approach requires huge energy input and high voltage, Zhang and colleagues point out (and so would be prohibitively expensive). Alpha particles emitted by radioactive substances, on the other hand, can speed away about 300 times faster. Therefore, Zhang and coauthors assert, “alpha decay particles … may be a potential solution for long-time acceleration in space.”

    Usually, of course, a chunk of radioactive matter would emit alpha particles in all directions. So your craft would need a shield on one side to absorb the particles before they got very far. The rest would stream away in the opposite direction, pushing the craft forward (by virtue of the law of conservation of momentum). True, alpha particles are tiny and the effect of their recoil would be small. But it would add up. Shot into space with standard technology (thereby achieving a 16 km/s start-up speed), an alpha recoil spacecraft could eventually reach a speed in the range of 200–300 km/s or so.

    It helps to choose the right alpha-emitting material. Uranium-232 would be ideal. It has a long enough half-life (almost 70 years) to last for an extended voyage, but it also decays into daughter nuclei that emit alpha particles more frequently, boosting the recoil effect. (You won’t find any U-232 in uranium mines, though — it would need to be produced in nuclear transmutation factories.)

    Assuming a suitably light and thin absorption material, Zhang and colleagues envision an alpha-powered interstellar sail about 24 meters across. They calculate a travel time to Proxima Centauri between about 4,000 and 9,000 years (depending on the ratio of fuel mass to total spacecraft mass). That would easily win the race against a solar sail, but would far exceed most people’s available vacation time. “Interstellar travel definitely asks for even better propulsion technologies,” Zhang and colleagues understate. And surely within 4,000 years somebody will invent a faster technology that could pass the alpha-decay craft and get to Proxima b first.  

    Other people already have ideas, as Science News astronomy writer Christopher Crockett noted in his story on the discovery of Proxima b. Philanthropist Yuri Milner recently announced a research project to explore the prospects of sending numerous nanocraft to Proxima Centauri’s neighborhood — the Alpha Centauri triple star system. (Proxima is the third star, presumably in orbit around Alpha Centauri A and B.) That plan envisions wafers weighing about a gram or so carried along by similar-mass light sails propelled by a powerful laser beam. If current technological dreams come true, tiny cameras and lasers on the wafer could capture and transmit information about Proxima b back to Earth.

    Supposedly such nanocraft could reach 20 percent of the speed of light, allowing them to reach Proxima Centauri by maybe 20 years after launch. So there’s an outside chance of getting a message back from Proxima b before the Cubs win a World Series. But there’s no hope of hitching a ride on such a wafer, unless, perhaps, you’re a tardigrade.

    Even if some futuristic technology permitted building a real ship, say the size of the space shuttle, that could fly 20 percent of the speed of light, it might not be a good idea. Such a ship could, in the wrong hands, become the most devastating weapon ever imagined. Flying 20 percent of light speed, a space shuttle would possess a kinetic energy roughly the equivalent of 1,000 hydrogen bombs (or millions of Hiroshima-sized bombs). Of course, it would be an expensive ship and probably nobody would want to crash it. Unless the people who took it to Proxima Centauri got really mad at the people back on Earth.

    Follow me on Twitter: @tom_siegfried


              SBPC Cultura terá mais de 40 atividades no campus Pampulha e em outros espaços da UFMG   

    Divulgação / Velha Guarda do Samba
    Velha%20Guarda%20do%20Samba%20de%20BH.JPG
    Sambistas da Velha Guarda da capital mineira cantarão seus sucessos em show na SBPC Cultural

    Durante a 69ª Reunião Anual da SBPC, que será realizada de 16 a 22 de julho, a UFMG contará com mais de 40 atividades artísticas reunidas na SBPC Cultura. Conheça a programação.

    Entre as atrações, estão previstas intervenções artísticas de alunos da Escola de Belas Artes (EBA), cortejo de povos indígenas e guardas de reinado e os shows Canção amiga, homenagem ao Clube da Esquina e Velha Guarda do Samba de BH canta seus grandes sucessos. Também compõem a programação exposições, espetáculos teatrais, oficinas e mesas-redondas.

    O evento não se limitará ao campus Pampulha. O Conservatório, o Centro Cultural e o Espaço do Conhecimento UFMG, todos na região centro-sul de Belo Horizonte, também abrigarão atrações da programação.

    Tradicionalmente realizada no mês de maio, a 18ª edição da Feira de Artesanato do Vale do Jequitinhonha da UFMG também ocorrerá durante o evento.

    As inscrições para a 69ª Reunião Anual da SBPC estão abertas até 10 de julho. Neste ano, a Reunião tem como tema Inovação, diversidade e transformações.


              Prebisch and Central Banking   
    You can read here the Power Point of our presentation at History of Economics Society conference on Prebisch and Central Banking and his role as a Money Doctor in the 1940s after he left the Central Bank of Argentina.

              При Печерской РГА создали новый Общественный совет (состав)   
    При Печерской РГА создали новый Общественный совет (состав)

    Сегодня, 30 июня, утвержден новый состав Общественного совета при Печерской районной в городе Киеве государственной администрации. В этом году членами совета стали 71 представитель институтов гражданского общества, среди которых - звезды шоу-бизнеса, известные деятели в сфере политики, международных отношений, культуры, а также известные общественные деятели.

    Об этом KV стало известно из распоряжения Печерской РГА №372 от 30.06.2017.

    Состав Общественного совета был сформирован 23 июня 2017 в соответствии с протоколом учредительного собрания (http://pechersk.kievcity.gov.ua/files/2017/6/29/ProtocolGR.pdf).

    Подписывайтесь на новости «КиевVласть»
     

    В состав Общественного совета вошел 71 человек: Владимир Азовский, Алексей Артемчук, Яна Баранова, Ирина Батько-Ступка, Павел Белоножко, Юрий Босый, Нина Брановицкая, Константин Бринчук, Геннадий Бузаев, Юрий Василец, Владимир Вировцев, Алексей Вовк, Нидежда Войтушенко, Владимир Гресь, Юрий Говорунов, Михаил Гулько, Николай Гурин, Валерий Дьячков, Елисей Деймонт, Виталий Дергунов, Андрей Джеджула, Виктор Дибров, Сергей Дудник, Елена Казаринова, Елена Карась, Людмила Кирилюк, Светлана Колесникова, Константин Коломиец, Дмитрий Кондратенко, Артем Кузнецов, Борис Лавренюк, Александр Ластовченко, Евгений Лебедев, Андрей Лигун, Виктория Лиснича, Глеб Малич, Александр Матвиенко, Сергей Машовец, Егор Миненко, Виталий Невмержитский, Михаил Недашковский, Игорь Носенко, Сергей Одинцов, Роман Осовик, Юлия Пелипетская, Богдан Подвербетский, Александр Потемкин, Александр Рыбак, Виктория Рубцова, Николай Редев, Виктория Ружанская, Роман Сидоренко, Наталия Сигнаевская, Александр Смагин, Евгения Смирнова, Тарас Стражник, Владимир Стрела, Всеволод Сучков, Владимир Татур, Александр Титаренко, Тимур Ткаченко, Руслан Тройчук, Федор Федько, Богдан Чекан, Татьяна Чекшутина, Василий Школьный, Дмитрий Шкрабатовский, Александр Шлапак, Александр Юрченко, Катерина Юхименко, Анатолий Яковлев.

    Напомним, Общественный совет - постоянно действующий коллегиальный выборный консультативно-совещательный орган, образованный для обеспечения участия граждан в управлении государственными делами, осуществления общественного контроля за деятельностью органов исполнительной власти, налаживания эффективного взаимодействия указанных органов с общественностью, учета общественного мнения при формировании и реализации государственной политики. Общественные советы образуются во исполнение постановления Кабинета Министров Украины от 3 ноября 2010 года № 996.

    Читайте: При Шевченковской РГА в Киеве создали общественный совет (состав)

    Также отметим, что народный депутат Павел Костенко (объединение “Самопомич”) сетовал, что представителей общественных организаций не допустили к участию в учредительном собрании по формированию нового состава общественного совета при Печерской РГА на основании того, что те предоставили не выписку, а извлечение из госреестра.

    Читайте: Чиновники “придираются” к документам организаций, желающих поучаствовать в создании общественного совета при Печерской РГА

    Фото: сайт Печерской РГА

    КиевVласть


              КГГА спустила 2 млн грн за проектную документацию для трех парков Киева, но никаких работ так и не провели   
    КГГА спустила 2 млн грн за проектную документацию для трех парков Киева, но никаких работ так и не провели

    Департамент градостроительства и архитектуры Киевской горгосадминистрации потратил более 2 млн грн на разработку концепций, смет, моделей управления для трех столичных парков – парка им. А.С. Пушкина, парка ДШK и восточной части парка "Нивки". Деньги из городского бюджеты были выделены еще в 2015-2016 годах, а улучшений в парках отдыхающие не увидели до сих пор.

    Об этом KV стало известно обращения народного депутата Украины Бориса Козыря к главе Киевской горгосадминистрации (КГГА) Виталию Кличко.

    Нарпеп в своем обращении поднял два вопроса, касающиеся парка им. А.С.Пушкина в Шевченковском районе.

    Подписывайтесь на новости «КиевVласть»
     

    Во-первых, он рассказал, что решением Киевского горсовета №336/997 от 15.03.2007 года Обществу с ограниченной ответственностью "Парк Пушкина", было передано в долгосрочную аренду до 1 октября 2026 года три земельных участка общей площадью 0,32 га для эксплуатации и обслуживания зданий и сооружений парка культуры и отдыха, без права нового строительства, на ул. Победы, 40 в Шевченковском районе. При этом общество предупредили, что в случае использования земли не по целевому назначению право пользования земельным участком будет прекращено.

    По информации Козыря, ООО "Сент София Проперти Менеджмент" осуществляет предоставление услуг по содержанию домов, сооружений и придомовой территории в жилом доме №42 по проспекту Победы, который граничит с парком культуры и отдыха на проспекте Победы, 40. Он рассказал, что в последнее время в адрес ООО "Сент София Проперти Менеджмент" поступают многочисленные жалобы от жильцов дома №42 по проспекту Победы в Киеве, относительно несанкционированного складирования мусора под забором дома со стороны парка, несоблюдения тишины в общественных местах, распитию алкоголя в запрещенных законом местах.

    Кроме того, по его словам, на территории парка культуры и отдыха на проспекте Победы, 40, вопреки запрету нового строительства, построенный ресторан "ШАМ" и размещены киоски. Указанное свидетельствует о нарушении ООО "Парк Пушкина" решения Киевского горсовета относительно использования земельного участка по целевому назначению.

    Читайте: Оттенки зеленого. Киевские власти не намерены спасать от застройки парки и скверы

    Вторая история, касающая парка им.А.С.Пушкина, которая изложена в обращении нардепа, берет начало в декабре 2015 года, когда Департамент градостроительства и архитектуры КГГА заказал разработку "Концепции ландшафтной архитектуры парка имени А.С. Пушкина в Шевченковском районе, парка ДШK в Деснянском районе, восточной части парка "Нивки" в Шевченковском районе" - по результатам тендера ее разрабатывало KП "Добробут" за 195 тыс. грн. В этом же месяце была заказана разработка "модели управления" этими же парками, которую также разрабатывало KП "Добробут" за 193 тыс. грн. В Придачу заказали еще "смету на базе концепции развития парка имени" парками у KП "Киевгорразвитие" за 170 тыс. грн.

    Читайте: В Шевченковском районе Киева снова планируют реставрировать парк Пушкина и парк “Нивки”

    По информации Козыря, в ноябре уже 2016 года KП "Киевгорразвитие" заказало разработку "Проектно-сметной документации по реставрации парка имени Пушкина в Шевченковском районе Киева" за 1,5 млн грн.(!!!). А в июне - "Инженерно-геологические изыскания по объекту парк имени Пушкина в Шевченковском районе".

    "Все расходы производятся за счет бюджетных средств, однако "улучшений" в парках не наблюдается", - подчеркнул Козырь.

    Читайте: Инвентаризация имущества столичных парков так и не проведена

    Исходя из вышеизложенного, он просит Кличко проверить соблюдения ООО "Парк Пушкина" положений договора и законодательства. А также - предоставить разъяснение, в какой срок будут проведены работы по реставрации парка им.А.Пушкина.

    Как сообщало KV, а апреле трое народных депутатов уже жаловались Кличко на арендатора ООО “Парк Пушкина”, которое торгует там газом и устраивает свалки, нарушая практически все нормы заповедного режима. Но отсутствие реакции со стороны мера побудило Бориса Козыря напомнить о проблеме снова.

    Подробнее: Киевсовет передал парк Пушкина недобросовестному арендатору

    Справка KV. Согласно данным Единого госреестра, ООО “Парк Пушкина” было основано 16.07.2001 года по адресу: ул. Проспект победы, 40. Руководителем данного ООО является Ольга Чумаченко. Уставной капитал ООО составляет 140 тыс. гривен. Основным кодом КВЕД прописан 93.19 “Другая деятельность в сфере спорта”. Учредителями (участниками) данного ООО являются Сергей Сабашов, Ольга Чумаченко, Насер Мазен Фахед и Насер Низар Фахед.

    Фото: Relax.com.ua

    КиевVласть


              32 House Dems Sign Anti-Israel Letter from Pro-Hamas, pro-BDS Groups   

    There are few surprises here. Just the inevitable descent of the Democrats into the fever swamps of hatred and extremism. 

    According to the anti-Israel group behind the Congressional letter, “The effort to gather signatories to the letter was supported by a coalition of human rights organizations including U.S. Campaign for Palestinian Rights, CODEPINK, Jewish Voice for Peace, and American Muslims for Palestine.”

    American Muslims for Palestine has been linked to Hamas. Jewish Voice for Peace, which is neither Jewish nor peaceful, is a BDS group. This is what the Dems are mainstreaming.

    32 Democrats in Congress signed on to a letter circulated by a group that even the ADL had described as having its "organizational roots in the now-defunct Islamic Association of Palestine (IAP), an anti-Semitic group that served as the main propaganda arm for Hamas in the United States."

    It won't surprise you to learn that Keith Ellison tops this list. Or that  Betty McCollum, Earl Blumenauer and Mark Pocan are also there. Pocan recently got caught sponsoring an anti-Israel forum. And is turning into a reliable anti-Israel hack on the Hill.

    Then there's Hank Johnson, who called Jews terminates, Barbara Lee, James McGovern, Andre Carson, Anna Eshoo, John Conyers, Luis Gutierrez, Peter DeFazio, Marcy Kaptur, Eleanor Holmes Norton, Karen Bass, Eddie Bernice Johnson, Roy Khanna, Zoe Lofgren, Bobby Rush, Peter Welsh, David Price, Alan Lowenthal, Donald Beyer, Chellie Pingree, Salud Carbajal, Gwen S. Moore, Danny Davis, Jackie Speyer, Jared Huffman, Tulsi Gabbard and Pramiya Jayapal. 

    So there's the usual Prog caucus gang. And a sizable heaping of Congressional Black Caucus people. Anyone with a leftover crush on Tulsi Gabbard as the one good Dem would do well to drop it. 

    A particular note of disgrace here has been struck by Alan Lowenthal. The leftist won his last race by a limited margin. It remains to be seen what the voters will think of his role in this.


              Höjdpunkterna från dag 3 i EPT Barcelona 2015   

    European Poker Tour Barcelona har precis nått slutet på sin tredje dag. Nedan har vi samlat några kommentarer som sammanfattar höjdpunkterna från dagen.

    EPT introducerar nya spelmarker

    Ledningen bakom European Poker Tour har för första gången på många år beslutat att ersätta de gamla, tråkiga och livlösa pokerchipsen i Main Event. De nya fick vi se när Main Event drog igång i Barcelona. Som du ser på bilden till höger, så har de nya markerna fått en helt ny, modern och glänsande look. Till och med färgerna har bytts ut.

    Vi passade på att prata med en del spelare för att höra vad de tyckte om markerna, och responsen var inte så positiv trots allt. Många tyckte att markerna var annorlunda och konstiga. Dominik Nitsche berättar att de till och med var irriterande.

    Neymar spelar poker

    Fotbollseliten Neymar vann en hand mot Steve O’Dwyer och David Andersson. Efter spelet var det många tv-team och journalister på plats som ville prata med honom, men han verkade inte vara så sugen på att prata. Dani Stern, en av motståndarna vid bordet, försökte starta en konversation med Neymar genom att påpeka hur kallt det var på casinot. Neymar nickade och svarade ”Yes”.

    neymar ept
    Neymar i sin hoodie

    Neymar har suttit i en hoodie och knappat på sin mobiltelefon hela dagen. Hittills har han slagit ut både David Andersson och Davidi Kitai.

    Piqué spelar också poker


    Två bord bort från Neymar satt hans kompanjon Gerard Piqué som också deltog i €25k NLHE event. När han blev utslagen sprang han överraskande vidare till registreringen för Main Event. Enligt uppgifter stod PokerStars som sponsor för Piqué, men när nyheten nådde allmänheten varade det inte mer än 16 minuter innan han blev utslagen.

    Neuville – en nationell hjälte

    Pierre Neuville är den första pokerspelaren från Belgien som lyckats ta sig till November Nine. Sedan dess har han blivit en nationell kändis hemma i Belgien, även utanför pokerkretsarna. Här i Barcelona fick vi nämligen se flera belgiska nyhetsbyråer och journalister följa sin nya stjärna.

    pierre neuville ept barcelona
    Pierre Neuville under EPT Barcelona

    – Varje tidning har en artikel om det här, det är otroligt. Jag har jobbat 14 timmar varje dag sedan jag kom tillbaka, och nu försöker jag svara på alla intervjuförfrågningar, säger Pierre Neuville när vi träffar honom.

    – Det känns som om jag redan vunnit, oavsett vad som händer senare i november. Jag har redan nått den sensationen, fortsätter han.

    PokerStars introducerar kortare levels

    PokerStars har meddelat att man kommer förändra tiden och korta ner nivåerna. Vid starten av level 35 kommer den ordinarie tiden på 90 minuter kortas ner till 75. På level 37 går man ner till 60 minuer, och 40 minuter på level 39. Här kan du läsa mer om förändringen.



    Besök www.pokerlistings.se


              US-Atombomber trainieren über dem Operationsgebiet Europa    
    Guten Abend,
    ich war wieder mal gehandicappt. Diesmal mit einer Augenentzündung im linken Auge (dem Nahsichtauge). Mit dem Fernsichtauge lässt sich auch mit Brille nicht gut arbeiten. Konnte es mit Hausmitteln so weit eindämmen, dass es nicht mehr rinnt, nicht mehr juckt, nicht mehr schmerzt, sondern nur noch feuerrot ist, was mich doch ein bisschen zur Vorsicht zwingt. Weiß nicht woher es kam - wohl eine Kombination von der Holzarbeit (was mit Staub verbunden ist), zu viel Arbeit am PC mit all den Störungen (Hacker?), der Kälte und dem permanenten Wind.
    Nun gut, ein Freund legte mir ans Herz, euch ebenfalls auf den Artikel der Luftpost aufmerksam zu machen:

    US-Atombomber trainieren über dem Operationsgebiet Europa

    Nach Fairford in Großbritannien verlegte strategische US-Atombomber trainieren über dem Operationsgebiet Europa für den finalen Atomkrieg.

    Von Airman 1st Class Randahl J. Jenson

    U.S. Air Forces in Europe and Air Forces Africa, 02.06.17 RAF Fairford Atombomber des Typs B-52H Stratofortress von der Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana und rund 800 Soldaten des Global Strike Command der U.S. Air Force
    (des für den weltweiten Atomwaffen-Einsatz zuständigen Kommandos, sind am 2. Juni auf dem Flugplatz Fairford der RoyalAir Force / RAF in Großbritannien eingetroffen und sollen von dort aus an einer ganzen Reihe gemeinsamer Manöver
    mit NATO-Verbündeten und Partnern teilnehmen. 

    Hier weiterlesen.

    Wen sich das nicht anhört, als wäre alles schon fest beschlossen und das Paket fix und fertig geschnürt. Nur die Deutschen scheinen noch nichts zu bemerken. Naja, Kaiserslautern gibt es ja schon seit 70 Jahren und nie ist etwas passiert. Nicht bei uns, dafür umso mehr draußen in der Welt mit ein paar Millionen Toten, Millionen Krüppeln - Kinder, Frauen, alte Menschen - ungezählte Städte, Dörfer, Monumente und Äcker und Landschaften sind zerbombt und unbewohnbar, aber das ist nicht unser Bier, und die Flüchtlinge auch nicht. Die sollen hingehen, wo der Pfeffer wächst.

    Allerdings ist eins TODsicher: Wenn's losgeht, dann knallt es zuerst dort in der Pfalz. Keiner wird sagen können: Wenn wir das gewusst hätten! Nee, die meisten werden dazu auch nicht mehr kommen. 

    Und hier ist ein zweiter Artikel von unserem gemeinsamen Freund aus Kamerun, Professor Jean-Paul Pougala, den der unentwegte Friedenskämpe und Freund Klaus Madersbacher aus Tirol wunderbar übersetzt hat:  

    Die Lügen hinter dem Krieg des Westens gegen Libyen

    und

    Sind diejenigen, die die Demokratie exportieren wollen, selbst Demokraten? 

    Da stehen eine ganze Reihe Dinge drin, die selbst mir noch unbekannt waren, obwohl ich mich seit Jahrzehnten mit Afrika beschäftige. Es soll nur keiner hier glauben, dass die Menschen dort so blöd sind und nicht merken, dass sie von seit Jahrhunderten bestohlen, belogen und brutalst unterdrückt werden.

    Zum Weiterlesen auf die Quelle drücken.

    Quelle - källa - source

     


              Looking for a job...   

    My wife is starting a new job on October 18, which means that I will have to quit my current job. We will be moving to Richmond, IN which means I will be looking in Dayton, outer suburbs of Cincinnati, possibly Indianapolis, and anywhere in between. Telecommuting is also an option. You can find my CV on StackOverflow or download it as a PDF here.


              Board Censured.   
    Grand Jury Report.
              President Rodriguez's Comments on Probation @ SJDC   
    Good afternoon everyone,

    On February 6th I received notification from the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges that they have placed Delta College on probation. Additionally, the Commission is asking us to provide a second report by March 15, 2009.

    As you know, the college has been on warning status since June of 2008. Since that time, we have accomplished a great deal toward addressing the recommendations provided to us by the Commission. We provided evidence of this continuing work to the Commission in the form of a follow-up report dated October 21, 2008. Being placed on probation was clearly not the result that we hoped for or expected for our efforts. However, that work did have some positive results. That is, the Commission has now reduced the number of recommendations on which we have to report from eleven down to six. Without downplaying the significance of the remaining recommendations, the good news is that we have been consistently working on these recommendations since we submitted the last report. This does not mean that there is not work to be done. There is a lot yet to be done and we will have to redouble our efforts to get it done. We will have to make this our top priority and marshal our resources to make improvements that remedy our deficiencies and that satisfy the Commission.

    It is of little solace that we have plenty of company across the state. A number of colleges are already on warning, probation, or show cause status and a number of others have just been placed into those categories. There is a general consensus across the community colleges that the Commission is taking a hard line on colleges that deviate from the accreditation standards and recommendations. There are a number of reason posited for this change. Among these are pressure from the federal government for greater accountability and to bring our colleges in line with the standards imposed by the other major accrediting agencies. Whatever the reason for this change might be, it is not really of concern at this point. Our task now is to focus on how to fully comply with the remaining six recommendations and to change our status so that we are not on the negative list. As one step in that direction, I will be speaking with Dr. Beno, the president of the Commission,this afternoon to get more specific information about the remaining recommendations and the Commission action.

    Next week we will begin the task of reconvening the accreditation task force to help resolve the remaining issues. Our accreditation liaison officer, Dr. Hart, will be sending out information about that process. To jump start that work, I have attached the letter from the Commission and the team report. Please take the time to read both documents. In the days ahead, we will all need to work together as we aggressively respond to the Commission's recommendations. To do so, everyone needs to be fully informed.

    Raul
              Tennessee AG Adds Signature to Letter Demanding End of DACA   
    Tennessee Attorney General Herbert Slatery joined nine other attorney generals and a governor today in sending a letter to President Donald Trump's administration calling for the end of a program that protects young immigrants from being deported, as well as allows them to work.

    The 11 signatories of the letter are demanding that the five-year-old Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program be formally rescinded before September 5 of this year or they will challenge the program in court.

    In Tennessee, ending DACA would mean the loss of over 8,000 jobs for young immigrants, putting businesses across the state in the position of having to hire and train new employees.

    Additionally, according to public policy research organization, the Cato Institute, repealing DACA would result in a $60 billion loss in federal revenue, with a $280 billion reduction in economic growth over the next 10 years.

    Youth Organizer with the Tennessee Immigrant and Refugee Rights Coalition and DACA recipient Cesar Bautista, says the group will continue to defend the program.

    "It is shameful that Attorney General Slatery would join forces with other extremists attorney generals to launch an attack on DACA recipients like me," Bautista said. "Tennessee is our home, and we will not let our attorney general help deport us. We are here to stay."


              BRITAIN´S DEEPENING CONFUSION / PROJECT SYNDICATE   

    Britain’s Deepening Confusión

    Robert Skidelsky
    . theresa may


    LONDON – “Enough is enough,” proclaimed British Prime Minister Theresa May after the terrorist attack on London Bridge. Now, it is clear, almost half of those who voted in the United Kingdom’s general election on June 8 have had enough of May, whose Conservative majority was wiped out at the polls, producing a hung parliament (with no majority for any party).

    Whether it is “enough immigrants” or “enough austerity,” Britain’s voters certainly have had enough of a lot.
     
    But the election has left Britain confusingly split. Last year’s Brexit referendum on European Union membership suggested a Leave-Remain divide, with the Brexiteers narrowly ahead. This year’s general election superimposed on this a more traditional left-right split, with a resurgent Labour Party capitalizing on voter discontent with Conservative budget cuts.
     
    To see the resulting political terrain, imagine a two-by-two table, with the four quadrants occupied by Remainers and Budget Cutters; Remainers and Economic Expansionists; Brexiteers and Budget Cutters; and Brexiteers and Economic Expansionists. The four quadrants don’t add up to coherent halves, so it’s not possible to make out what voters thought they were voting for.
     
    But it is possible to make out what voters were rejecting. There are two certain casualties. The first is austerity, which even the Conservatives have signaled they will abandon. Cutting public spending to balance the budget was based on the wrong theory and has failed in practice. The most telling indicator was the inability of George Osborne, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 2010 to 2016, to achieve any of his budget targets. The deficit was to have vanished by 2015, then by 2017, then by 2020-2021. Now, no government will commit to any date at all.
     
    The targets were based on the idea that a “credible” deficit-reduction program would create sufficient business confidence to overcome the depressing effects on activity of the cuts themselves. Some say the targets were never credible enough. The truth is that they never could be: the deficit cannot come down unless the economy grows, and budget cuts, real and anticipated, hinder growth. The consensus now is that austerity delayed recovery for almost three years, depressing real earnings and leaving key public services like local government, health care, and education palpably damaged.
     
    So expect the ridiculous obsession with balancing the budget to be scrapped. From now on, the deficit will be left to adjust to the state of the economy.
     
    The second casualty is unrestricted immigration from the EU. The Brexiteers’ demand to “control our borders” was directed against the uncontrolled influx of economic migrants from Eastern Europe. This demand will have to be met in some way.
     
    Migration within Europe was negligible when the EU was mainly West European. This changed when the EU began incorporating the low-wage ex-communist countries. The ensuing migration eased labor shortages in host countries like the UK and Germany, and increased the earnings of the migrants themselves. But such benefits do not apply to unrestricted migration.
     
    Studies by Harvard University’s George J. Borjas and others suggest that net immigration lowers the wages of competing domestic labor. Borjas’s most famous study shows the depressive impact of “Marielitos” – Cubans who immigrated en masse to Miami in 1980 – on domestic working-class wages.
     
    These fears have long underpinned sovereign states’ insistence on the right to control immigration. The case for control is strengthened when host countries have a labor surplus, as has been true of much of Western Europe since the crisis of 2008. Support for Brexit is essentially a demand for the restoration of sovereignty over the UK’s borders.
     
    The crux of the issue is political legitimacy. Until modern times, markets were largely local, and heavily protected against outsiders, even from neighboring towns. National markets were achieved only with the advent of modern states. But the completely unrestricted movement of goods, capital, and labor within sovereign states became possible only when two conditions were met: the growth of national identity and the emergence of national authorities able to provide security in the face of adversity.
     
    The European Union fulfills neither condition. Its peoples are citizens of their nation-states first. And the contract between citizens and states on which national economies depend cannot be reproduced at the European level, because there is no European state with which to conclude the deal. The EU’s insistence on free movement of labor as a condition of membership of a non-state is premature, at best. It will need to be qualified, not just as part of the UK’s Brexit deal, but for the whole of the EU.
     
    So how will the shambolic results of the British general election play out? May will not last long as Prime Minister. Osborne has called her a “dead woman walking” (of course without acknowledging that his austerity policies helped to seal her demise).
     
    The most sensible outcome is currently a political non-starter: a Conservative-Labour coalition government, with (say) Boris Johnson as Prime Minister and Jeremy Corbyn as his deputy.

    The government would adopt a two-year program consisting of only two items: the conclusion of a “soft” Brexit deal with the EU and a big public investment program in housing, infrastructure, and green energy.
     
    The rationale for the investment program is that a rising tide will lift all boats. And an added benefit of a thriving economy will be lower hostility to immigration, making it easier for Britain to negotiate sensible regulation of migrant flows.
     
    And who knows: if the negotiations force the EU to re-cast its own commitment to free labor movement, Brexit may turn out to be a matter less of British exit than of an overhaul of the terms of European membership.
     
     

              'Extreme' abortion push in UK prompts outcry from doctors   

    London, England, Jun 30, 2017 / 06:02 am (CNA/EWTN News).- In response to an ongoing effort in the U.K. to allow abortions to take place up to birth, a massive group of doctors and medical students signed a letter denouncing the controversial campaign.  

    Over 1,400 medical associates addressed the British Medical Association, saying that a change in policy won't reflect the opinions of all the medical staff or majority of women in Britain – and that it's also an extreme measure that could damage the BMA's reputation.

    “We represent a variety of positions on the issue of abortion, but believe this motion is out of keeping with both our duties as responsible professionals and the expressed wishes of British women with regards to the legality and regulation of abortion,” the letter reads.

    The motion was debated on June 27 at the association's annual meeting. If passed, the measure would implement an increase in the accessibility of abortions from the current law of 24 weeks, potentially offering abortions from anywhere between 28 weeks until birth.

    The proposal would also allow for abortions to be offered for any reason, a distinct difference from the current law which requires previous consultation.

    In their letter, the medical staff cited a recent study from ComRes, which showed that a large majority of woman in the U.K. would in fact rather have abortion restrictions increased rather than decreased.

    The letter also referenced the intense backlash received by the Royal College of Midwives, which announced last year that it supports abortion under any reason, even up to birth.

    “Many commentators on this controversy were pro-choice but recognized that taking this position was an extreme move, and the outrage caused reputational damage both to the Royal College of Midwives and to the wider midwifery profession.”

    Professor John Campbell, a 35-year long member of the BMA as well as a supporter of the letter, wrote a June 26 article to the Daily Mail, noting that the damages from abortion have already been tremendous and that the new measure pose an even greater threat to women and children.

    Since the procedure was legalized in the U.K. in 1967, over eight million unborn infants have been aborted, Campbell said. He then noted that interpretation of the country's abortion law has shifted from defense of a women's safety to abortions on demand.

    But increasing the availability of abortions ultimately threatens the mental health and well-being of women, especially if they are not counseled through the process properly, Campbell said.

    He cited recent news of a 22-second consultation given to a woman at a Maria Stopes center, saying many women choose abortion “simply because they were not given enough time to talk it through.”

    The BMA is the trade union for doctors, and works to promote medical and health legislation in the U.K. Established in 1832, there are now an estimated 156,000 doctors and even more medical students.

    The effort to lessen the country's abortion restrictions was debated by 500 members, but the results have not yet been made public.


              [The Pre Beakerite] Hi Wayners, I was being facetious. I am no supporter of the Central bank concep...   
    Hi Wayners, I was being facetious. I am no supporter of the Central bank concept or the BoE. I was quite amazed that Central Bankers have glossy magazine, Facebook page, etc. I expect they want to make out they are "just like us".

    Is there a replacement monetary system ?

    uk.businessinsider.com

    This is what the BoE thinks

    "Private digital currencies
    Private digital currencies combine new payments systems with new currencies that are not issued by a central bank. The most well-known privately issued digital currency is Bitcoin, but other examples include LiteCoin, Ethereum and Ripple. We have assessed private digital currencies and concluded that while they are interesting, they do not currently pose a material risk to monetary or financial stability in the United Kingdom. We continue to monitor developments in this area.
    "

    http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/research/Pages/onebank/cbdc.aspx

    Crypto currencies are beginning to interest me.

              Duncan, Espaillat Introduce Iran-Hizballah Bill   

    Washington, D.C. – Congressman Jeff Duncan (SC-03), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee’s Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, and Representative Adriano Espaillat (NY-13) introduced H.R. 3118, the “Iran and Hizballah Western Hemisphere Prevention Act of 2017” to prevent further access of Iran and Hizballah into the Latin America and Caribbean region and disrupt and degrade Hizballah’s illicit networks operating in the region.

    Chairman Jeff Duncan – “Threats from Iran and Hizballah in the Western Hemisphere are well-known. Just this Monday, an individual with alleged links to Hizballah was indicted in Miami for drug trafficking after being extradited to the U.S. by Paraguay. Earlier this month, two individuals were arrested for attempting to provide support to Hizballah in Panama, targeting U.S. and Israeli embassies. This follows the foiled plot in Peru by a Hizballah operative in 2014, the attempted assassination of the Saudi Ambassador linked to Iran in 2011, the foiled Iranian plot to blow up JFK airport in 2007, and the horrific terrorist attacks in Argentina in the 1990s.”

    “Congress has focused extensively on this issue with several hearings, visits to the region, and legislation. This oversight work led me to realize that the U.S. needs a clearer vision to address Iran and Hizballah’s activities in the Western Hemisphere. This bill calls for a strategy to more closely align various U.S. government actions on these issues, develop a counter-network disruption campaign, and review relevant sanctions related to Hizballah to assess their use and effectiveness. It will also prioritize engagement with countries in the region to develop counter-organized crime legislation, work towards declaring Hizballah a terrorist organization, and address Hizballah’s illicit networks in the region.”

    Congressman Adriano Espaillat (NY-13) – “Hizballah is one of the most deadly terrorist organizations in the world and we have witnessed its devastation throughout the Middle East. There are growing threats by Iranian and Hizballah organizations against U.S. national interests in Latin America and throughout the Caribbean, and the Iran and Hizballah Western Hemisphere Prevention Act would allow us to prioritize our bilateral diplomatic response and engagement with regional allies in a comprehensive effort to build our capacity to monitor and prevent hostile activities and security threats by terrorist organizations, such as Hizballah, throughout the Western Hemisphere.”  

    *Original Cosponsors include Representatives Michael McCaul (TX-10), Dan Donovan (NY-11), Ron DeSantis (FL-06), Norma Torres (CA-35), Tom Suozzi (NY-03), Brad Schneider (IL-10), Ted Yoho (FL-03), Christopher Smith (NJ-04), and Ted Lieu (CA-33)

    *A Section-by-Section can be found HERE.

    ###


              State Single Payer And Medicaid Buy-In: A Look At California, New York, And Nevada   

    An illustration of the US map

    Rising insurance premiums, lack of access, uncertainty, and commotion around Affordable Care Act (ACA) repeal, have all contributed to the growing discontent and unease surrounding health care reform. Pressure to act continues to mount. Insurance titans Humana, United Healthcare, and Aetna have all rolled-back participation on the ACA Marketplaces. Anthem recently announced that it would exit the Ohio health insurance Marketplace, potentially leaving at least 18 counties without an exchange plan next year. Missouri and Washington State are also facing similar Marketplace participation issues. States such as Alabama, Arizona, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee have seen individual market exchange premiums increase more than 45 percent since 2016. Furthermore, participating exchange plans are asking for steep rate increases for next year—averaging between 11.1 percent and 44.7 percent.

    These events have contributed to an economic and political climate ripe for disruptive legislation. While Congress and the current administration pursue solutions to address premium and access issues, more states are inserting themselves in the conversation. More than a dozen states have explored options to leverage federal 1332 and 1115 waivers, which would provide flexibility to develop market stabilizing programs and regulatory changes to their respective individual and Medicaid markets. More recently, a few state legislatures have leap-frogged one-off programs such as reinsurance or high-risk pools, and sought to create a truly different market structure. Three states’ legislatures, California, New York, and Nevada, have developed high-profile state-driven solutions to address consumer access and price-related concerns. While state-led waiver initiatives such as those from Alaska and Oklahoma are meant to provide an incremental stabilizing force to their respective markets, the models that California, New York, and Nevada legislatures proposed could fundamentally reshape the framework of state health markets more akin to what Massachusetts did 11 years ago.

    State Models

    These state legislative developments are essentially falling into two camps, termed “state single payer” and “Medicaid buy-in.” State single payer describes almost any system that creates a single coverage mechanism for health care that is administered through a centralized authority. California and New York fall into this first bucket. The Medicaid buy-in proposal that the Nevada legislature approved did not expand the Medicaid program to everyone, but it attempted to leverage the structure and negotiated rates of the Medicaid program to enable commercial insurance carriers to replicate these features in the private market.

    California

    On June 1, 2017, the California State Senate passed SB 562 23-to-14, creating what is known as “Healthy California”—a program intent on eliminating the segmentation of the health insurance market into different coverage types such as Medicare, Medicaid, employer-sponsored, and individual insurance. Instead, there would be a single health care market for everyone. The benefits would be simplified as individuals would not be subject to premiums, copayments, or deductibles. Medical, pharmaceutical, dental, vision, and long-term care would be provided to all residents—including undocumented immigrants—free of charge. The state would seek to pay providers Medicare rates, and a nine-person panel would administer the program.

    Experts estimate the program would cost approximately $400 billion per year—double California’s current budget. California could cover about $200 billion from current federal and state spending—including Medicaid and Medicare. An additional $100 to $150 billion would come from what employers are already spending. The additional funding needed could involve a 15.0 percent payroll tax, a 2.3 percent sales tax, and/or a business tax increase.

    On Friday, June 23, Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon decided to hold the bill within the Assembly Rules Committee until further notice. While Rendon’s actions did not entirely kill the bill, it will not be revived until next year. The bill may have a stronger prospect for passage next year if more thoughtful attempts to address financing, care delivery, and cost controls emerge.

    New York

    On Tuesday, May 16, the New York State Assembly passed a bill (A.5062) that resembles California’s in several core ways. Universal statewide coverage would be provided throughout the state, and enrollees would no longer be subject to out-of-pocket costs or network restrictions. This is the fourth time in recent history that the State Assembly has passed a similar bill.

    The savings or costs—depending on who you talk to—range anywhere from $45 billion in savings to a need for $225 billion in tax increases. A hike of approximately $90 billion in annual new tax revenue appears to be the consensus estimate. Identified funding sources would be progressive payroll taxes and/or non-earned income tax increases.

    Nevada

    Nevada’s State Assembly and Senate recently passed a bill that was unique in its own merits but not quite as transformative. AB374—known as “Sprinkle care”—after its namesake State Rep. Mike Sprinkle (D) who introduced the bill—focused reforms solely on the individual insurance market and directed the state to contract with insurers to offer a commercial health plan based on the state’s Medicaid coverage. Employer-sponsored insurance and Medicare would have been maintained, but a commercial insurance product resembling the state’s Medicaid coverage would have provided consumers a new option. The plan would have offered a different benefit structure and leveraged the state’s lower Medicaid reimbursement rates.

    On June 17, Nevada’s Republican Governor, Brian Sandoval, vetoed the bill hours before it would have become law. The bill’s failure may speak more to its hasty drafting than its potential to serve as a roadmap for future legislation. While Gov. Sandoval expressed concerns of moving too fast too soon without solid factual foundations, a more thoughtful version of Nevada’s plan could serve as a model for future legislation within Nevada or other states.

    Exhibit 1 below outlines and distinguishes the three models.

    Exhibit 1: Distinctions Among the State Models

     CaliforniaNevadaNew York
    Cost$400 billion per year; $200 billion outside current state and federal spendingUnclear$90 billion in annual new tax revenue
    Proposed funding source15.0% payroll tax; 2.3% sales tax; business tax increasePossible use of federal income tax creditsProgressive payroll tax; non-earned income taxes, for example capital gains
    Administration of benefitsStatePrivate sectorState
    Employer-sponsored insurance continuesNoYesNo
    Medicare and Medicaid continue as separate programsNoYesNo
    Reimbursement ratesMedicarePossibly MedicaidMedicare
    1332 waiver neededYesYesYes
    1115 waiver neededYesUnclearYes

    Possible Implementation Scenarios

    First off, it’s important to note that any single-payer model proposed by California and New York are likely years away from implementation as significant market restructuring and government infrastructure would need to be in place to enact such a drastic shift. Nevada proposed its solution be implemented in 2019, which was aggressive given that much of the plan’s details were not fully developed (the original bill is only four pages).

    We foresee three potential scenarios playing out across the state legislative movements: limited adoption, a Massachusetts-like scenario in which the federal government uses a state’s plan as a blueprint for national reform, or nothing happens at all.

    Under the limited adoption model, a state such as California passes a single-payer model, and other like-minded and potentially neighboring states adopt similar models over time. For example, one could envision California passing a bill that Oregon and Washington later adopted and tweaked according to the needs of their specific populations. Further adoption would be limited, however, given many states’ reticence to increase taxes, adversely affect their labor markets, and abandon private-sector solutions.

    In a Massachusetts-like scenario, a state such as New York, California, or some other state adopts a single-payer model that serves as a template for a federal single-payer approach. Just as Massachusetts provided a roadmap for the ACA’s enactment, a trailblazer state could provide a workable model for an expanded federal government single-payer program.

    A final scenario assumes that states either do not pass single-payer or other disruptive models given consumer and business community pushback or the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services does not grant federal waivers necessary to implement the programs. As to the latter point, there will be a host of regulatory hurdles and waiver applications necessary under any of these models, and getting approval could be challenging despite the prospect of increased waiver flexibility within the current administration.

    Let us consider Nevada, given that it was likely the least disruptive of the three proposals. The designation of a commercialized Medicaid policy as a Qualified Health Plan and the potential application of federal tax credits toward such a product may have required the use of Section 1332 to apply for a State Innovation Waiver. Alternatively, current federal law prohibits a state from using federally matched Medicaid funding to reimburse a health care provider for services provided to a person who earns more than 138 percent of the federal poverty level or for other expenses that are unrelated to the administration of Medicaid. To the extent that the Nevada Care Plan relied on state or federal Medicaid dollars, the state may have also needed to consider applying for a Section 1115 or similarly oriented Medicaid waiver. These waivers were never crafted, and it’s unknown if the current administration would have been receptive to these changes.

    At least for the short run, the “nothing happens” scenario has a high probability of playing out. Other states have tried and failed to create single-payer systems in the past. For example, consider the original Washington State effort in the early 1990s, Vermont’s attempt a couple years ago, and Colorado’s failed ballot measure last year.

    Potential Local And National Impact

    What would happen to markets if states passed legislation resembling any of these models? The answer depends on the model. In the California and New York scenarios, private insurance companies and brokers would cease to operate within the state. If a single-payer model spread to other states and/or the federal government, then the insurance and brokerage markets would be decimated. It is beyond this post’s scope to discuss in meaningful detail consumer implications associated with the various models. One thing is certain, consumer premium, coinsurance, and copayment responsibilities would either drop completely or be heavily reduced. Accessibility would improve in the sense that more people would have coverage, but it would also depend on agreed reimbursement rates and the percentage of providers who would be willing to accept new patients. Even if a state passed legislation, implementation could eventually become unworkable as was the case in Vermont.

    In a Nevada-like scenario, private payers would continue to compete for Medicaid insurance lives as the state leverages aspects of the Medicaid program to reform commercial markets. Brokers would continue to sell group and individual market plans. Employers would continue to offer insurance, although fewer would likely offer over time given the tax advantages associated with qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangements.

    Regardless of what scenario occurs, the broader industry trend of states engaging in thoughtful attempts to innovate amid difficult market conditions is one that will likely have broader impacts across the country. While the US health insurance system is unique in its reliance on the private market to facilitate and manage health care coverage, much of the regulatory construct of the market is still shaped by the federal government. As more states seek to develop their own unique systems and solutions, we appear to be in a time where states are truly the laboratories of health care policy.


              Democratic Ideas On ACA Improvements; More From CBO On BCRA Medicaid Cuts   

    On June 28, 2017, the New York Times reported that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, facing difficulty in corralling 50 Republican Senators to unite behind a version of the Better Care Reconciliation Act, has suggested he might turn to the Democrats for help in shoring up the deteriorating situation under the ACA if he cannot get Republicans in line. If he does so, he may find that Democrats have both a proposed diagnosis and cure for the most immediately pressing problems facing the individual insurance market.

    On June 28, 2017, the Democratic staff of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and of the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions released a joint report entitled “A Manufactured Crisis: Trump Administration and Republican Sabotage of the Health Care System.” The report details how individual market stability is being undermined by the uncertainty created by President Trump’s repeated threats to withhold reimbursement from insurers that are legally required to reduce cost sharing for 7.1 million exchange enrollees, coupled with his ambivalence regarding the enforcement of the individual mandate. The report includes numerous quotes from insurance regulators and insurers from nearly 20 states and nationwide warning that uncertainty regarding cost-sharing reduction (CSR) payments and individual mandate enforcement is causing insurers to raise premiums and exit individual insurance markets.

    Also on June 28, 2017, Senator Jean Shaheen, joined by 20 Democratic Senators, introduced the Market Certainty Act. (text) This bill would clarify that funds were permanently appropriated to fund the Affordable Care Act’s cost-sharing reductions. It would also expand eligibility for the CSRs, making them available to individuals with incomes up to 400 percent of the federal poverty level. It would increase the amount of cost-sharing reductions so that individuals with incomes between 100 and 200 percent of FPL would be responsible for only 5 percent of cost sharing on average; individuals with incomes between 200 and 300 percent of FPL for 10 percent, and individuals with incomes between 300 percent and 400 percent of FPL for 15 percent.

    Under current law, individuals between 100 and 150 percent of FPL must pay 6 percent of costs on average; individuals between 150 and 200 percent of FPL, 13 percent; individuals between 200 and 250, 27 percent; and individuals above 250 percent of FPL, 30 percent.

    Under the Republican Better Care Act, cost sharing reductions would be funded at current levels through 2019 and then repealed. After that, consumers would be responsible for 42 percent of health care costs on average under plans that could be purchased with premium tax credits available to individuals with incomes below 350 percent of FPL. The Congressional Budget Office estimated that the deductible for an individual at 75 percent of FPL under the Better Care Act would be half of annual income, and that few low-income individuals would purchase coverage with such little value.

    Senator Shaheen’s proposal, coupled with reinsurance legislation offered by Senator Shaheen and other Democrats earlier in June, could go far toward stabilizing individual insurance markets, luring insurers back into markets they have abandoned and lowering premiums, deductibles, coinsurance, and out-of-pocket limits for insured Americans.

    As noted in the Democratic staff report (and by others), the uncertainty regarding the commitment of the Trump administration to continuing cost sharing reduction payments is a major factor contributing to destabilization of individual insurance markets. (Anthem has apparently announced it is leaving 14 counties in Nevada, leaving 61 bare counties in Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, and Nevada for 2018.) Given this situation, a frequently asked question posted at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid REGTAP.info website on June 28, 2017, strikes a note of irony. The FAQ describes in detail procedures that insurers must follow to address discrepancies in their cost-sharing reduction payment reconciliation data for 2016. CMS will notify insurers regarding overpayment or underpayment of CSRs for 2016 on June 30, 2017. Insurers have until August 11 to notify CMS of data discrepancies. It is all very technical, but illustrates again that while at the policy level storms are raging in the individual insurance market, at the technical level the engines keep chugging along.

    CBO Projects Medicaid Cuts In Senate GOP Bill Would Reach 35 Percent By 2036

    On June 28, 2017, the CBO released a supplement to its June 26 Better Care Reconciliation Act cost estimate. The supplement was requested by the Democratic ranking members of the Budget Committee and Finance Committee. It addresses the effects of the BCRA on Medicaid spending beyond 2026. The CBO recognizes the limits to its ability to make very long-term spending projections but does predict how the BCRA would affect spending through 2036.

    The BCRA imposes a per-capita cap on federal Medicaid funding growth for some groups of enrollees beginning in 2020, and reduces the cap as of 2025 so that federal funding growth rates for all groups would be pegged to the consumer price index for all urban consumers. CBO had earlier estimated that BCRA’s Medicaid provisions would reduce federal Medicaid spending by 26 percent as of 2026—a $160 billion cut in spending for that year—compared to spending under current growth rates.

    The CBO projects that the gap between federal Medicaid spending under the BCRA and under current law would widen to 35 percent by 2036. The CBO projects that Medicaid costs to maintain current services will grow at an annual rate of 0.7 percent above GDP growth in 2027, which will rise to a 0.9 percent annual excess growth rate above GDP growth by 2036. General increases in cost in the health care system attributable in part to new technologies will drive the cost of services higher while Medicaid programs will have to replace federal spending by state spending, cut provider payment rates, reduce benefits, restrict eligibility, or find some way to provide services more efficiently.

    CBO believes that dollar projections 20 years out are misleading and thus gives its spending projections in terms of percent of GDP. In the absence of the BCRA, Medicaid spending would account for 2 percent of GDP for 2017 and 2.4 percent by 2036. CBO projects that under BCRA, Medicaid spending will account for 1.6 percent of GDP in 2036, a 35 percent cut. Medicaid would be a very different program in 2036 than it is now.


              How Health Care And Community-Based Human Services Organizations Are Partnering for Better Health Outcomes   

    The Greater Boston Food Bank

    While the headlines focus on the latest twists and turns of health care politics and policies, a tectonic shift is happening in America’s approach to health, with innovations that show promise in terms of better outcomes, better quality of care, and lower costs.

    Health care organizations and community-based providers of human services are now collaborating to address the crucial social—as well as the clinical—determinants of health. This movement recognizes the important role that factors like housing, food security, education, employment, and so forth play in the overall well-being of people and communities. It takes into account the costs of failing to address these factors, such as the impact of homelessness on emergency department (ED) usage. And it has been accelerated by developments like the Affordable Care Act and new payment and delivery models, such as accountable care organizations and value-based contracting.

    This year, as part of its ongoing efforts to build a Culture of Health in communities across the country, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation supported an effort to get a clear and current picture of this dynamic landscape—to capture, analyze, and share widely what kinds of partnerships exist among which partners, what’s working well, and what could work better.

    The Partnership for Healthy Outcomes, which includes Nonprofit Finance Fund, the Center for Health Care Strategies, and the Alliance for Strong Families and Communities reached out to partnerships across the United States. Those that responded to the Request for Information included more than 200 organizations that are members of partnerships serving one or more of all fifty states. Key findings from the data have just been published here and will be augmented later this summer by four detailed case studies of partnerships serving varied populations and geography.

    Here is a snapshot of what we have learned to date.

    We and our partners knew, anecdotally, of numerous partnerships between health care organizations and community-based human services nonprofits.

    We found a deepening and diverse array of partnerships of many sizes, shapes, motivations, and contractual and funding arrangements—with partners ranging from public health and other government agencies to private insurers, foundations, dental clinics, food banks, supermarkets, and more.

    ______________________

    We knew that many partnerships had been formed to improve health outcomes and contain costs.

    We found that most partnerships today focus on services targeting immediate goals such as lower ED usage, fewer hospital readmissions, shorter hospital stays, and transitioning patients from acute care to more appropriate and cost-effective settings. Many partnerships provide care coordination and clinical support. Fewer partnerships provide services that directly address social determinants of health with the goal of improving health in the long term.

    ________________________

    We knew that there is an almost universal priority of more effectively deploying limited resources.

    We found that 65 percent of partnerships reported cost savings. Community-based organizations, health care organizations, and other partners also reported expanded organizational skills and capabilities. In other words, they are expanding their professional networks, learning data systems, and building cultural competencies. These make for stronger partners as well as stronger partnerships.

    _________________________

    We knew that we were asking questions in largely uncharted territory and that “we don’t know what we don’t know.”

    We found that this growing movement needs clarity of language (talking at cross-purposes costs productivity) and that success depends on clearly identifying, articulating, and funding the full costs of launching and developing effective partnerships.

    _________________________

    We knew that this effort is, at its heart, all about people.

    We found that relationships, good communication, and trust—between and among providers, funders, and, crucially, the communities they serve—are absolutely key to successful partnerships and need attention and investment up front and throughout their existence.

    __________________________

    The only certainty about the US health care landscape is that more change is coming. In this learning-while-doing moment, as we and others dig deeper into the operational, cultural, capacity-building, and other ingredients for effective partnerships, we must all remain open and nimble to respond, in real time, to what we learn, as well as to changes in policy and funding environments.

    The Partnership for Healthy Outcomes, a year-long project of Nonprofit Finance Fund, the Center for Health Care Strategies, and the Alliance for Strong Families and Communities with generous support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, captured and shared insights from partnerships between health care and community-based organizations, particularly those that serve low-income and/or vulnerable populations.

    Related reading:

    “Integrating Medical And Social Services: A Pressing Priority For Health Systems And Payers,” by Melinda K. Abrams and Donald Moulds of the Commonwealth Fund, July 5, 2016, GrantWatch section of Health Affairs Blog.


              Transforming Tragedy Into Effective Maternal Mortality Prevention Efforts   

    Sad and tired woman with PPD working beside table, looking on laptop, sitting in messy room

    Making her way to her baby’s crib at the end of naptime, a 29-year-old, first-time mother falls to the ground unconscious. She never recovers.

    Until that day, despite the exhaustion that inevitably accompanies life with a newborn, the young woman appeared to be recovering well from childbirth. Even though she’d battled hypertension throughout her pregnancy, after delivery, her blood pressure readings were normal and she was discharged.

    Her family is bewildered and distraught. It will be several confusing and agonizing weeks before they learn what took the life of this young, vibrant mother.

    While this may sound like the plot of a scripted medical drama, I’ve just described a real-life scenario. Each year in the United States, 700 women die during pregnancy, delivery, or soon after delivering, with causes ranging from cardiovascular conditions, to hemorrhage, to complications with anesthesia. Yet research shows that about half of those deaths may be preventable. A collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff and colleagues at the CDC Foundation and the Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs (AMCHP) is taking steps to strengthen state and local maternal mortality prevention efforts.

    Maternal Mortality Review Committees

    In the circumstance I described above, the death certificate would probably list hypertension as the underlying cause of death. However, that death certificate wouldn’t have captured the intersection of factors that likely contributed to her death — circumstances related to the patient, her providers, medical facilities, and community. It certainly wouldn’t offer clear recommendations for changes to prevent future deaths. For that level of investigation and action, we rely on the hard work of state and local maternal mortality review committees (MMRCs). These multidisciplinary groups of medical and public health professionals dig deep into individual cases of maternal death, examining medical records and any available social information for each woman to identify opportunities for prevention.

    MMRCs have existed in various forms across the country for nearly 100 years, but largely work independently from each other, resulting in non-standard data collection that creates challenges for information-sharing between committees. The collaboration between our CDC team and our colleagues at the CDC Foundation and AMCHP is working to produce stronger data than ever before and foster collaboration that can lead to effective interventions. The collaboration is supported by funding from Merck, through “Merck for Mothers,” the company’s 10-year, $500 million initiative to help create a world where no woman dies giving birth. Merck for Mothers is known as “MSD for Mothers” outside the United States and Canada.

    Stronger, More Detailed Data

    In early February, CDC and our partners introduced the first, game-changing outcome of this collaboration to MMRC teams from across the nation. We debuted a data system—the Maternal Mortality Review Information Application (MMRIA)—that, when used, provides stronger, more detailed data across jurisdictions than previously available. MMRIA builds on lessons learned from implementing its precursor, the Maternal Mortality Review Data System (MMRDS). For example, as a result of feedback from MMRDS users, MMRIA was developed to capture increased detail on mental health conditions and substance use.

    We also published a preliminary report of data from four states—Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, and Ohio—using this data-collection system. The report provides the first in-depth look at key factors contributing to maternal death and showcases opportunities for prevention from multiple states. For example, mental health conditions were found to be a leading cause of pregnancy-related death in these four states. More specifically, among postpartum women, suicide most commonly occurs 43 days to one year after delivery. This was something that previously available data hadn’t revealed. We also learned that causes of pregnancy-related death differ by age and whether a woman was pregnant, in delivery, or recently delivered. Finally, this report offers concrete evidence that a maternal death is most often the tragic result of a number of contributing factors, not just one singular event.

    Currently, more than 30 states and cities have a MMRC and several are using MMRIA. As more states and cities participate, these data can help identify causes and contributing factors to maternal deaths and the prevention opportunities with the greatest potential impacts within and across jurisdictions.

    To revisit our earlier scenario, an investigation by a MMRC may have determined that the young mother was released too early and recommended that in the future, hypertensive women remain in the hospital until their blood pressure readings are normal for a specified amount of time. Alternatively, concerned about her hypertension, perhaps the woman’s doctor asked to see her back within two weeks of delivery but she never showed. The MMRC investigation may have discovered that she missed her appointment because she lived in a rural area and her partner had their car, leaving her without transportation to an office an hour away. Other investigations might reveal this same scenario playing out for women across the region. In response, the MMRC could identify an urgent need for specialized care much closer to this community. MMRCs are uniquely positioned to consider all of the factors that are contributing to deaths and make recommendations that can make a difference.

    The death of every mother leaves a hole — a child without a mother, parents without a daughter, and partners without their better half. However, we have an opportunity to prevent many of these deaths. The first step is strong, accurate data. We at the CDC are hopeful that our collaboration will give state-based MMRCs a tool they can use to collect the best data possible in their area — data which they can then translate into effective policies and programs that address all of the factors contributing to maternal deaths.

    To learn more, please visit www.reviewtoaction.org. This new website promotes the maternal mortality review process as the best way to understand why maternal mortality in the United States is increasing and identify interventions to prevent maternal deaths. The site provides resources and tools to support standard review processes that enable a common language for review committees, including our new data-collection tool, MMRIA, and the data report, “Report from Maternal Mortality Review Committees: A View Into Their Critical Role.”


              What Makes Covering Maternity Care Different?   

    The United States has a higher maternal mortality rate than any other developed country, but federal policy makers are considering reducing access to insurance coverage for pregnancy care. Last week, the US Senate released the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017, following the passage of the American Health Care Act in the US House of Representatives. Both pieces of legislation would allow states to waive out of the requirement that insurance plans in the individual market cover maternity and newborn care, as part of efforts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

    The ACA requires that all individual market health insurance plans cover 10 essential health benefits, including maternity and newborn care. Ever since the passage of the ACA, some people have objected to the maternity requirement, claiming it is unfair to men and some women who do not expect to become pregnant. The maternity requirement seems to be targeted more publicly than other essential health benefits, such as pediatric services, mental health and substance use services, and prescription drug coverage. This raises the question: Is maternity care different than other medical services?

    Maternity care is different.

    When a woman receives maternity care, the health care services are provided to the woman, but lasting benefits of maternity care affect both the woman and the child. The importance of maternity coverage in improving child health has long been recognized in our public health programs. The oldest federal-state partnership, the Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant Program, has aimed to improve the health of mothers and children since 1935, in part by providing access to comprehensive prenatal and postnatal care. Medicaid has had a special category covering pregnant women up to a higher-income level than other adults for 30 years, and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) provides affordable coverage to pregnant women up to a minimum of 185 percent of the federal poverty level. CHIP coverage for pregnant women technically covers the “unborn child” and not the woman. This is an important distinction because it is a reminder that the intent of the coverage is to improve health outcomes for children. Reducing infant mortality and improving health outcomes for children is an important public health goal that is extended through the ACA by requiring insurance coverage of maternity and newborn care, but it should not be the only goal of maternity coverage.

    We cannot ignore the importance of maternity care for the health of women, in addition to the health of children. Routine prenatal care improves health outcomes for women by identifying treatable complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and ectopic pregnancies. Postnatal care screens for postpartum depression and infection. If a woman does not have health coverage for her pregnancy, she may forgo prenatal and postnatal care that could identify risks and help her and her provider take steps to prevent life-threatening complications.

    Yet, just as the policy discussion to eliminate access to insurance coverage for pregnancy services occurs, women are dying from preventable complications of childbirth in the United States. A recent study by the CDC Foundation found that 60 percent of maternal mortality deaths are preventable. There are numerous factors besides health coverage that result in the high maternal mortality rate in our country. However, taking away access to affordable coverage for pregnancy care will no doubt place women’s health at risk.

    We do not need to imagine what the future of maternity coverage would be without a benefit requirement. Less than 10 years ago, because there was no federal maternity requirement in the individual insurance market, women in three-quarters of the states were often unable to find or afford maternity coverage. At the time, only 12 states imposed a requirement on individual market insurers to cover maternity benefits.

    In many states, the only way to purchase maternity coverage on the individual market was by purchasing a rider in addition to a health insurance plan. A rider is supplementary insurance, available for an additional premium cost that provides coverage for benefits not otherwise covered in the base policy. Riders varied but generally cost thousands of dollars a year, sometimes more than the base premium. For example, under a rider offered in Topeka, Kansas, a woman would have paid $9,682 between the annual cost of premiums just for the maternity rider and the deductible for her maternity rider and care. In addition, riders often covered only a small proportion of pregnancy related costs, with annual maximums as low as $2,000.

    In its analysis of the House bill, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimated that maternity riders will cost more than $1,000 a month if states waive out of the maternity coverage requirement. The CBO also estimated that the cost of pregnancy care and delivery will be $17,000 for women covered by private insurance. The actual health care charges, which a woman without insurance might be billed, may be almost double—in 2010, the average billed costs of prenatal care alone was about $6,200. Women could face similar bills for a stillbirth or later-term miscarriage. Without maternity coverage, children start their life in a family in economic hardship because they are born into families facing thousands of dollars of medical debt.

    For three years now, women have had options to purchase comprehensive insurance with maternity care outside of employer-based coverage. Many women purchasing this coverage are also eligible for tax subsidies that reduce their premium and cost sharing, making both the coverage and care more affordable. We have moved forward toward ensuring that all women in the United States have access to affordable prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal services. Eliminating the requirement for health insurance plans to cover maternity would place the health of women and children at risk and place financial hardship on families welcoming a new child.


              Wyalusing State Parks Celebrates 100 years!   

    scan0005Wyalusing State Park celebrated its 100th anniversary as a Wisconsin State Park on Saturday, June 3, 2017. The park welcomed new visitors and returning friends to enjoy the great outdoors, and the spectacular view from the bluffs overlooking the river valley in Grant County, Wisconsin. (Link to Centennial Celebration Information)
    Wyalusing is open year-round and offers excellent opportunities for outdoor recreation in all seasons. We hope you will join us in celebrating 100 years of Wyalusing State Park.
    Wyalusing State Park The idea to create a park at the junction of the Mississippi and Wisconsin rivers was both a local movement and statewide initiative. The Robert Glenn family, who owned the land, promoted the concept of a park around the turn of the century. At about the same time, the state Legislature commissioned a report on the subject of state parks for Wisconsin.
    The report, completed in 1909, recommended four sites in the state for immediate consideration for acquisition. This area was one of four recommended. The purchase was approved by the Legislature in 1912, and the park established in 1917. The park was first named Nelson Dewey State Park and later changed to Wyalusing. Wyalusing is a Munsee-Delaware Native American word meaning home of the warrior
    Since the original purchase, land has been added to the park with preservation of this unique area of Wisconsin as a primary goal. The park now encompasses 2674 acres. Visitors can enjoy camping, hiking, picnicking, scenic scan0011overlooks, bird watching, nature education programs, bicycling, cross-country skiing, fishing, and many other outdoor activities at the park.
    As you hike the park trails downward from the bluff tops, you are walking back in time. Each layer of dolomite (limestone), shale, and sandstone is older than the layer above it. Native Americans
    People began arriving here about 11,000 years ago, as the glaciers retreated. Many left evidence of their life and culture behind. The Red Ochre Culture appeared around 1000 B.C. They were followed by the Hopewell Native Americans and the Effigy Mound builders. Archeologists tell us that these groups were the builders of the many mounds on Sentinel Ridge, Spook Hill and other areas of the park. Burial of the dead was one reason Woodland Native Americans constructed mounds. Most of the dome-shaped, conical mounds contain skeletons. Effigy mounds, those shaped like deer, bears, birds, turtles, and other animals, were more than just a simple burial method. Construction may have been religious, an indication of territorial possession, or a ceremonial group activity.
    Some land features in the park have been named for Native Americans of the region. Green Cloud Picnic Area is named for the Winnebago Chief who led the last band of Native Americans to camp in the park. Eagle Eye Bluff, Yellow Thunder Point, and Big Chief Bluff are colorful names that honor those people who lived here long ago.
    Other areas in the park received names for the way they were used by the Native Americans. Signal Point was used for signal fires. Native American sentries used Point Lookout to keep watch on the rivers. Chert (flint) was gathered for arrowheads along what is now Flint Ledge Trail. Continue Reading……


              Rilevazione vini 30 06 2017.pdf   
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              Andy Wingo: guile 2.2 omg!!!   

    Oh, good evening my hackfriends! I am just chuffed to share a thing with yall: tomorrow we release Guile 2.2.0. Yaaaay!

    I know in these days of version number inflation that this seems like a very incremental, point-release kind of a thing, but it's a big deal to me. This is a project I have been working on since soon after the release of Guile 2.0 some 6 years ago. It wasn't always clear that this project would work, but now it's here, going into production.

    In that time I have worked on JavaScriptCore and V8 and SpiderMonkey and so I got a feel for what a state-of-the-art programming language implementation looks like. Also in that time I ate and breathed optimizing compilers, and really hit the wall until finally paging in what Fluet and Weeks were saying so many years ago about continuation-passing style and scope, and eventually came through with a solution that was still CPS: CPS soup. At this point Guile's "middle-end" is, I think, totally respectable. The backend targets a quite good virtual machine.

    The virtual machine is still a bytecode interpreter for now; native code is a next step. Oddly my journey here has been precisely opposite, in a way, to An incremental approach to compiler construction; incremental, yes, but starting from the other end. But I am very happy with where things are. Guile remains very portable, bootstrappable from C, and the compiler is in a good shape to take us the rest of the way to register allocation and native code generation, and performance is pretty ok, even better than some natively-compiled Schemes.

    For a "scripting" language (what does that mean?), I also think that Guile is breaking nice ground by using ELF as its object file format. Very cute. As this seems to be a "Andy mentions things he's proud of" segment, I was also pleased with how we were able to completely remove the stack size restriction.

    high fives all around

    As is often the case with these things, I got the idea for removing the stack limit after talking with Sam Tobin-Hochstadt from Racket and the PLT group. I admire Racket and its makers very much and look forward to stealing fromworking with them in the future.

    Of course the ideas for the contification and closure optimization passes are in debt to Matthew Fluet and Stephen Weeks for the former, and Andy Keep and Kent Dybvig for the the latter. The intmap/intset representation of CPS soup itself is highly endebted to the late Phil Bagwell, to Rich Hickey, and to Clojure folk; persistent data structures were an amazing revelation to me.

    Guile's virtual machine itself was initially heavily inspired by JavaScriptCore's VM. Thanks to WebKit folks for writing so much about the early days of Squirrelfish! As far as the actual optimizations in the compiler itself, I was inspired a lot by V8's Crankshaft in a weird way -- it was my first touch with fixed-point flow analysis. As most of yall know, I didn't study CS, for better and for worse; for worse, because I didn't know a lot of this stuff, and for better, as I had the joy of learning it as I needed it. Since starting with flow analysis, Carl Offner's Notes on graph algorithms used in optimizing compilers was invaluable. I still open it up from time to time.

    While I'm high-fiving, large ups to two amazing support teams: firstly to my colleagues at Igalia for supporting me on this. Almost the whole time I've been at Igalia, I've been working on this, for about a day or two a week. Sometimes at work we get to take advantage of a Guile thing, but Igalia's Guile investment mainly pays out in the sense of keeping me happy, keeping me up to date with language implementation techniques, and attracting talent. At work we have a lot of language implementation people, in JS engines obviously but also in other niches like the networking group, and it helps to be able to transfer hackers from Scheme to these domains.

    I put in my own time too, of course; but my time isn't really my own either. My wife Kate has been really supportive and understanding of my not-infrequent impulses to just nerd out and hack a thing. She probably won't read this (though maybe?), but it's important to acknowledge that many of us hackers are only able to do our work because of the support that we get from our families.

    a digression on the nature of seeking and knowledge

    I am jealous of my colleagues in academia sometimes; of course it must be this way, that we are jealous of each other. Greener grass and all that. But when you go through a doctoral program, you know that you push the boundaries of human knowledge. You know because you are acutely aware of the state of recorded knowledge in your field, and you know that your work expands that record. If you stay in academia, you use your honed skills to continue chipping away at the unknown. The papers that this process reifies have a huge impact on the flow of knowledge in the world. As just one example, I've read all of Dybvig's papers, with delight and pleasure and avarice and jealousy, and learned loads from them. (Incidentally, I am given to understand that all of these are proper academic reactions :)

    But in my work on Guile I don't actually know that I've expanded knowledge in any way. I don't actually know that anything I did is new and suspect that nothing is. Maybe CPS soup? There have been some similar publications in the last couple years but you never know. Maybe some of the multicore Concurrent ML stuff I haven't written about yet. Really not sure. I am starting to see papers these days that are similar to what I do and I have the feeling that they have a bit more impact than my work because of their medium, and I wonder if I could be putting my work in a more useful form, or orienting it in a more newness-oriented way.

    I also don't know how important new knowledge is. Simply being able to practice language implementation at a state-of-the-art level is a valuable skill in itself, and releasing a quality, stable free-software language implementation is valuable to the world. So it's not like I'm negative on where I'm at, but I do feel wonderful talking with folks at academic conferences and wonder how to pull some more of that into my life.

    In the meantime, I feel like (my part of) Guile 2.2 is my master work in a way -- a savepoint in my hack career. It's fine work; see A Virtual Machine for Guile and Continuation-Passing Style for some high level documentation, or many of these bloggies for the nitties and the gritties. OKitties!

    getting the goods

    It's been a joy over the last two or three years to see the growth of Guix, a packaging system written in Guile and inspired by GNU stow and Nix. The laptop I'm writing this on runs GuixSD, and Guix is up to some 5000 packages at this point.

    I've always wondered what the right solution for packaging Guile and Guile modules was. At one point I thought that we would have a Guile-specific packaging system, but one with stow-like characteristics. We had problems with C extensions though: how do you build one? Where do you get the compilers? Where do you get the libraries?

    Guix solves this in a comprehensive way. From the four or five bootstrap binaries, Guix can download and build the world from source, for any of its supported architectures. The result is a farm of weirdly-named files in /gnu/store, but the transitive closure of a store item works on any distribution of that architecture.

    This state of affairs was clear from the Guix binary installation instructions that just have you extract a tarball over your current distro, regardless of what's there. The process of building this weird tarball was always a bit ad-hoc though, geared to Guix's installation needs.

    It turns out that we can use the same strategy to distribute reproducible binaries for any package that Guix includes. So if you download this tarball, and extract it as root in /, then it will extract some paths in /gnu/store and also add a /opt/guile-2.2.0. Run Guile as /opt/guile-2.2.0/bin/guile and you have Guile 2.2, before any of your friends! That pack was made using guix pack -C lzip -S /opt/guile-2.2.0=/ guile-next glibc-utf8-locales, at Guix git revision 80a725726d3b3a62c69c9f80d35a898dcea8ad90.

    (If you run that Guile, it will complain about not being able to install the locale. Guix, like Scheme, is generally a statically scoped system; but locales are dynamically scoped. That is to say, you have to set GUIX_LOCPATH=/opt/guile-2.2.0/lib/locale in the environment, for locales to work. See the GUIX_LOCPATH docs for the gnarlies.)

    Alternately of course you can install Guix and just guix package -i guile-next. Guix itself will migrate to 2.2 over the next week or so.

    Welp, that's all for this evening. I'll be relieved to push the release tag and announcements tomorrow. In the meantime, happy hacking, and yes: this blog is served by Guile 2.2! :)


              Andy Wingo: encyclopedia snabb and the case of the foreign drivers   

    Peoples of the blogosphere, welcome back to the solipsism! Happy 2017 and all that. Today's missive is about Snabb (formerly Snabb Switch), a high-speed networking project we've been working on at work for some years now.

    What's Snabb all about you say? Good question and I have a nice answer for you in video and third-party textual form! This year I managed to make it to linux.conf.au in lovely Tasmania. Tasmania is amazing, with wild wombats and pademelons and devils and wallabies and all kinds of things, and they let me talk about Snabb.

    Click to download video

    You can check that video on the youtube if the link above doesn't work; slides here.

    Jonathan Corbet from LWN wrote up the talk in an article here, which besides being flattering is a real windfall as I don't have to write it up myself :)

    In that talk I mentioned that Snabb uses its own drivers. We were recently approached by a customer with a simple and honest question: does this really make sense? Is it really a win? Why wouldn't we just use the work that the NIC vendors have already put into their drivers for the Data Plane Development Kit (DPDK)? After all, part of the attraction of a switch to open source is that you will be able to take advantage of the work that others have produced.

    Our answer is that while it is indeed possible to use drivers from DPDK, there are costs and benefits on both sides and we think that when we weigh it all up, it makes both technical and economic sense for Snabb to have its own driver implementations. It might sound counterintuitive on the face of things, so I wrote this long article to discuss some perhaps under-appreciated points about the tradeoff.

    Technically speaking there are generally two ways you can imagine incorporating DPDK drivers into Snabb:

    1. Bundle a snapshot of the DPDK into Snabb itself.

    2. Somehow make it so that Snabb could (perhaps optionally) compile against a built DPDK SDK.

    As part of a software-producing organization that ships solutions based on Snabb, I need to be able to ship a "known thing" to customers. When we ship the lwAFTR, we ship it in source and in binary form. For both of those deliverables, we need to know exactly what code we are shipping. We achieve that by having a minimal set of dependencies in Snabb -- only LuaJIT and three Lua libraries (DynASM, ljsyscall, and pflua) -- and we include those dependencies directly in the source tree. This requirement of ours rules out (2), so the option under consideration is only (1): importing the DPDK (or some part of it) directly into Snabb.

    So let's start by looking at Snabb and the DPDK from the top down, comparing some metrics, seeing how we could make this combination.

    snabbdpdk
    Code lines 61K 583K
    Contributors (all-time) 60 370
    Contributors (since Jan 2016) 32 240
    Non-merge commits (since Jan 2016) 1.4K 3.2K

    These numbers aren't directly comparable, of course; in Snabb our unit of code change is the merge rather than the commit, and in Snabb we include a number of production-ready applications like the lwAFTR and the NFV, but they are fine enough numbers to start with. What seems clear is that the DPDK project is significantly larger than Snabb, so adding it to Snabb would fundamentally change the nature of the Snabb project.

    So depending on the DPDK makes it so that suddenly Snabb jumps from being a project that compiles in a minute to being a much more heavy-weight thing. That could be OK if the benefits were high enough and if there weren't other costs, but there are indeed other costs to including the DPDK:

    • Data-plane control. Right now when I ship a product, I can be responsible for the whole data plane: everything that happens on the CPU when packets are being processed. This includes the driver, naturally; it's part of Snabb and if I need to change it or if I need to understand it in some deep way, I can do that. But if I switch to third-party drivers, this is now out of my domain; there's a wall between me and something that running on my CPU. And if there is a performance problem, I now have someone to blame that's not myself! From the customer perspective this is terrible, as you want the responsibility for software to rest in one entity.

    • Impedance-matching development costs. Snabb is written in Lua; the DPDK is written in C. I will have to build a bridge, and keep it up to date as both Snabb and the DPDK evolve. This impedance-matching layer is also another source of bugs; either we make a local impedance matcher in C or we bind everything using LuaJIT's FFI. In the former case, it's a lot of duplicate code, and in the latter we lose compile-time type checking, which is a no-go given that the DPDK can and does change API and ABI.

    • Communication costs. The DPDK development list had 3K messages in January. Keeping up with DPDK development would become necessary, as the DPDK is now in your dataplane, but it costs significant amounts of time.

    • Costs relating to mismatched goals. Snabb tries to win development and run-time speed by searching for simple solutions. The DPDK tries to be a showcase for NIC features from vendors, placing less of a priority on simplicity. This is a very real cost in the form of the way network packets are represented in the DPDK, with support for such features as scatter/gather and indirect buffers. In Snabb we were able to do away with this complexity by having simple linear buffers, and our speed did not suffer; adding the DPDK again would either force us to marshal and unmarshal these buffers into and out of the DPDK's format, or otherwise to reintroduce this particular complexity into Snabb.

    • Abstraction costs. A network function written against the DPDK typically uses at least three abstraction layers: the "EAL" environment abstraction layer, the "PMD" poll-mode driver layer, and often an internal hardware abstraction layer from the network card vendor. (And some of those abstraction layers are actually external dependencies of the DPDK, as with Mellanox's ConnectX-4 drivers!) Any discrepancy between the goals and/or implementation of these layers and the goals of a Snabb network function is a cost in developer time and in run-time. Note that those low-level HAL facilities aren't considered acceptable in upstream Linux kernels, for all of these reasons!

    • Stay-on-the-train costs. The DPDK is big and sometimes its abstractions change. As a minor player just riding the DPDK train, we would have to invest a continuous amount of effort into just staying aboard.

    • Fork costs. The Snabb project has a number of contributors but is really run by Luke Gorrie. Because Snabb is so small and understandable, if Luke decided to stop working on Snabb or take it in a radically different direction, I would feel comfortable continuing to maintain (a fork of) Snabb for as long as is necessary. If the DPDK changed goals for whatever reason, I don't think I would want to continue to maintain a stale fork.

    • Overkill costs. Drivers written against the DPDK have many considerations that simply aren't relevant in a Snabb world: kernel drivers (KNI), special NIC features that we don't use in Snabb (RDMA, offload), non-x86 architectures with different barrier semantics, threads, complicated buffer layouts (chained and indirect), interaction with specific kernel modules (uio-pci-generic / igb-uio / ...), and so on. We don't need all of that, but we would have to bring it along for the ride, and any changes we might want to make would have to take these use cases into account so that other users won't get mad.

    So there are lots of costs if we were to try to hop on the DPDK train. But what about the benefits? The goal of relying on the DPDK would be that we "automatically" get drivers, and ultimately that a network function would be driver-agnostic. But this is not necessarily the case. Each driver has its own set of quirks and tuning parameters; in order for a software development team to be able to support a new platform, the team would need to validate the platform, discover the right tuning parameters, and modify the software to configure the platform for good performance. Sadly this is not a trivial amount of work.

    Furthermore, using a different vendor's driver isn't always easy. Consider Mellanox's DPDK ConnectX-4 / ConnectX-5 support: the "Quick Start" guide has you first install MLNX_OFED in order to build the DPDK drivers. What is this thing exactly? You go to download the tarball and it's 55 megabytes. What's in it? 30 other tarballs! If you build it somehow from source instead of using the vendor binaries, then what do you get? All that code, running as root, with kernel modules, and implementing systemd/sysvinit services!!! And this is just step one!!!! Worse yet, this enormous amount of code powering a DPDK driver is mostly driver-specific; what we hear from colleagues whose organizations decided to bet on the DPDK is that you don't get to amortize much knowledge or validation when you switch between an Intel and a Mellanox card.

    In the end when we ship a solution, it's going to be tested against a specific NIC or set of NICs. Each NIC will add to the validation effort. So if we were to rely on the DPDK's drivers, we would have payed all the costs but we wouldn't save very much in the end.

    There is another way. Instead of relying on so much third-party code that it is impossible for any one person to grasp the entirety of a network function, much less be responsible for it, we can build systems small enough to understand. In Snabb we just read the data sheet and write a driver. (Of course we also benefit by looking at DPDK and other open source drivers as well to see how they structure things.) By only including what is needed, Snabb drivers are typically only a thousand or two thousand lines of Lua. With a driver of that size, it's possible for even a small ISV or in-house developer to "own" the entire data plane of whatever network function you need.

    Of course Snabb drivers have costs too. What are they? Are customers going to be stuck forever paying for drivers for every new card that comes out? It's a very good question and one that I know is in the minds of many.

    Obviously I don't have the whole answer, as my role in this market is a software developer, not an end user. But having talked with other people in the Snabb community, I see it like this: Snabb is still in relatively early days. What we need are about three good drivers. One of them should be for a standard workhorse commodity 10Gbps NIC, which we have in the Intel 82599 driver. That chipset has been out for a while so we probably need to update it to the current commodities being sold. Additionally we need a couple cards that are going to compete in the 100Gbps space. We have the Mellanox ConnectX-4 and presumably ConnectX-5 drivers on the way, but there's room for another one. We've found that it's hard to actually get good performance out of 100Gbps cards, so this is a space in which NIC vendors can differentiate their offerings.

    We budget somewhere between 3 and 9 months of developer time to create a completely new Snabb driver. Of course it usually takes less time to develop Snabb support for a NIC that is only incrementally different from others in the same family that already have drivers.

    We see this driver development work to be similar to the work needed to validate a new NIC for a network function, with the additional advantage that it gives us up-front knowledge instead of the best-effort testing later in the game that we would get with the DPDK. When you add all the additional costs of riding the DPDK train, we expect that the cost of Snabb-native drivers competes favorably against the cost of relying on third-party DPDK drivers.

    In the beginning it's natural that early adopters of Snabb make investments in this base set of Snabb network drivers, as they would to validate a network function on a new platform. However over time as Snabb applications start to be deployed over more ports in the field, network vendors will also see that it's in their interests to have solid Snabb drivers, just as they now see with the Linux kernel and with the DPDK, and given that the investment is relatively low compared to their already existing efforts in Linux and the DPDK, it is quite feasible that we will see the NIC vendors of the world start to value Snabb for the performance that it can squeeze out of their cards.

    So in summary, in Snabb we are convinced that writing minimal drivers that are adapted to our needs is an overall win compared to relying on third-party code. It lets us ship solutions that we can feel responsible for: both for their operational characteristics as well as their maintainability over time. Still, we are happy to learn and share with our colleagues all across the open source high-performance networking space, from the DPDK to VPP and beyond.


              For The Cardinal-Prefect, "My Day in Court"   
    For all the spectacles the Vatican tends to witness, this one was simply surreal.

    At the same dais where the Pope's major documents are unveiled and the global press briefed on Catholicism's showcase events – on what's usually one of the most joyous feasts of the year – today the Curia's third-ranking cardinal addressed his new fate as the church's most senior figure by far to face criminal charges of sexual abuse:


    To understand the full import of Cardinal George Pell's return to Australia to appear in court and "clear my name," there's more to it than his current profile as the founding Secretary for the Economy, initially entrusted by Pope Francis with sweeping powers over finances and personnel across the Holy See's sprawling apparatus.

    Indeed, what makes the 76 year-old prelate's quick move to go home for an 18 July initial hearing so significant is that Pell has not returned to his homeland since departing in early 2014 to take up his Vatican post – neither for the late 2014 installation of his hand-picked successor in Sydney, Archbishop Anthony Fisher, nor for what became a four day summons to testify before the national inquiry on religious institutions' handling of child abuse, obtained by video link from Rome.

    With the scenario of a first-ever court process against a cardinal on sex crimes alleged by "multiple claimants" – the precise nature of which have not been clarified by law enforcement in his native state of Victoria – the Italian media's traditional summer "soap opera" involving the church is now set, albeit some 4,000 miles afield.

    Still, despite the inevitable circus that will surround the scrutiny on one of the top rank's most enduring figures – a presence on the global scene over some two decades – for the apex of the Catholic world, it just doesn't get more serious than this.

    For starters, even as Pell announced his own "leave" from his Vatican duties – and the Holy See's lead spokesman, Greg Burke, indicated that the cardinal would not "participate in public liturgies" for the duration of the judicial process – the moves amount to a de facto suspension from ministry.

    Regardless of whose volition spurred the act, a recusal of the kind is without precedent for a top Curial official. What's more, however, while two decades of revelations of abuse and cover-up have been treated as a political football among the church's ideological camps, Pell is one of the few major prelates whose trajectory and alliances cut across partisan lines.

    Long a favorite of the Catholic right for his unapologetic approach to moral teachings, the Oxford-trained onetime fullback – who's long relished his reputation for being a "bull in a china shop" – was initially tapped by then-Pope Benedict XVI to take the helm of the Congregation for Bishops in 2009, a move which would've made the Aussie the first prelate from the English-speaking world to oversee the all-powerful body that recommends candidates for appointments to the pontiff.

    In response, what was widely perceived in Rome as a "smear campaign" went into overdrive, raising the specter of a 2002 allegation of abuse against the cardinal which dated to the 1960s. Though Pell had been cleared years earlier by an internal probe chartered by the archdiocese of Sydney, conducted by a retired judge – during which he stood aside as archbishop for several months – the ferocity of opposition to Benedict's plan led the now-retired Pope to scuttle the move before it was formally made. (Along the way, however, Pell's hard-charging style saw him successfully tackle another high-wire Vatican mission: as chair of the Vox Clara committee of senior prelates tasked with managing English liturgical translations, he led the push that brought the group's major project – the long-stymied overhaul of the Roman Missal – to completion and a historic implementation across the Anglophone world in 2011.)

    Of course, that wouldn't be the end of the story. Perceived by many as angling for a Roman office from his days as an auxiliary in Melbourne – when, as one Curialist recalled, Pell "was always showing up" at the Vatican – the 2012 outbreak of the Vatileaks fiasco provided the cardinal with an opportunity for payback, and Benedict took him up on it, bringing Pell into an ad hoc group of cardinal-advisers Papa Ratzinger had convened on tackling the crisis.

    Months later, the election of Pope Francis would surprisingly bring the Australian's rebound to its zenith – with his profile as a blunt, sharp-elbowed manager (and one seen as wronged by the Vatican's old guard), Pell's temporal acumen landed him a seat on the new pontiff's "Gang of 8" for the reform of the Curia (below), arguably the most surprising choice for the group given his conservative leanings.

    Less than a year afterward, Francis would deliver the ultimate call – with the new Pope and his "crown council" determined to clean up the famously murky orbit of the Holy See's finances, Pell was unveiled as the choice to consolidate all control of budgets and investments under one umbrella, a first-ever CFO to replace the small village of separate entities which oversaw various pieces of the books, with varying degrees of success.

    To say that the Aussie was ready would be an understatement – Pell's full-time arrival in Rome came shortly after the opening of the Domus Australia, a onetime convent converted into a hostel and event center for pilgrims from Down Under, with an ample living space already created for himself.

    To be sure, though, if there was one area that the natives guarded more jealously than appointments, it was the money – and Francis' putting Pell in charge of it was greeted as something of an apocalyptic event. Unlike Benedict, however, Papa Bergoglio's Italian stubbornness wouldn't be as easily conquered.

    At least, that's how it seemed at the start. While Francis has stood by his man – re-confirming the cardinal's position after he reached the retirement age of 75 last year – the Curia's penchant for bureaucratic turf-war has challenged Pell's mandate at practically every turn and made significant inroads against the new bureau's initial remit, most prominently in last year's move to suspend a first-ever external audit of all Vatican entities, which had been ordered by the Secretariat.

    At the same time, the financial reform hit another major speed-bump last week as Libero Milone – the freshly empowered auditor-general hired by Pell's team – suddenly resigned from the post as reports on the move spoke of an unspecified "ugly situation" that could "get worse."

    Amid the fallout from Milone's surprise departure, the Council for the Economy – the mixed group of  15 top prelates and lay experts to which Pell's Secretariat reports – had already summoned its members to an extraordinary meeting set for early July in Rome to discuss the way forward. With the new development of the charges against the cardinal-prefect – and no clarity yet on the leadership of the Economy office in the wake of Pell's leave for the court case – any long-term resolutions just became considerably more difficult.

    Back in Australia, meanwhile, the indictment has come as a fresh firestorm for a church already struggling under a cloud of abuse developments. With the cardinal's polarizing shadow ever looming large despite years of absence from the scene, the nation's hierarchy has spent 2017 bracing for what's widely expected to be a damning report from the national inquiry on sex-abuse in religious institutions, which is due by the end of its mandate in mid-December.

    Beyond the wide attention – and equal heaping of scorn – that Pell's 2016 testimony to the Royal Commission drew, the Australian archbishops were likewise deposed at length by the panel last February. And in another moment of major impact, a rising star of the Aussie bench – Vietnamese-born Franciscan Bishop Vincent Long of Parramatta – revealed to the probe that he had been a victim of abuse by a cleric.

    All the while, another major shoe from Rome is likely soon to drop: the Pope's appointment of the next archbishop of Melbourne – already a critical move given the city's place as the continent's largest local church, yet now even more of a "hot seat" as the venue for Pell's state trial on the charges.

    In a letter released after the charges were filed, Sydney's Fisher – himself a civil lawyer – warned his clergy and people that his predecessor's return to face justice "will be unsettling for many of us."

    While defending Pell as "a man of integrity in his dealings with others... a thoroughly decent man," the archbishop emphasized that "we must now allow the impartial pursuit of justice," adding that the church "is not responsible" for the cardinal's legal costs and won't be footing them.

    Keeping with Australian conventions for the accused, a recent biography which levied a new allegation of abuse by Pell has been pulled from sale in Victoria pending the trial. On another context note, the southern coastal state does not allow cameras in its courts, so the impending hearings will not be filmed nor televised.

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              Keeping a Promise to the Polish People   

    President Trump has a chance to set things right with America's most faithful ally.

     

    It's unsurprising that the White House recently scheduled a presidential visit to Poland in conjunction with the upcoming G-20 Summit. The U.S. State Department describes this Central European country of 38.6 million people as a stalwart ally and "one of the United States' strongest partners on the continent in fostering transatlantic security and prosperity regionally, throughout Europe, and the world."

    What is surprising is that, despite historical ties dating back to the American Revolutionary War, the strong alliance, and a robust domestic Polish-American population of about 10 million, the U.S. government hasn't found a way to treat Polish citizens the same way as it does those living in most other European countries when it comes to visiting the United States. Since it shed communism in 1989 after 42 years of domination and became a free and democratic state, Poland has unsuccessfully tried to gain entry into the U.S. Visa Waiver Program.

    The U.S. failure to grant VWP status to Poland is an embarrassment to many Americans as well as a major disappointment and irritant to Poles and a succession of its leaders. Poland's former president and Nobel Laureate Lech Walesa described VWP entry as a "matter of honor" for Poland.

    In a speech before the Polish American Congress in September 2016, Candidate Trump promised to remedy this problem by making it possible for Poland to become part of the VWP. His promise echoes that of his presidential predecessor, Barack Obama, who promised to do the same several years earlier but didn't deliver. Several previous attempts by U.S. Congress members to legislate a fix to bring Poland into the program have also failed. Congress is now considering The Poland Waiver Act of 2017 (H.R. 2388).

    What is the VWP? The U.S. established the VWP in 1986 primarily to facilitate commerce and tourism between friendly nations. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security administers the program in consultation with the State Department. Since its inception, the program has evolved into a security partnership with special passport and security upgrades to detect and prevent terrorists, criminals, and other mala fide actors from entering each country. There are presently 38 countries in VWP, 29 of them European. The program features reciprocal agreements allowing citizens to travel on business or pleasure without visas and no application fees between member countries for up to 90 days.

    What has Poland done to gain VWP entry? Three important ingredients for gaining VWP status are national wealth, a high Human Development Index, and a low-security risk. Poland scores well on each count. It has seen its economy dramatically grow to 25th in the world at $1.1 trillion. The 2017 United Nations Development Report classified Poland as a "very high" Human Development Index country with its 78 years average life expectancy, 99.8 percent literacy rate for males and females, and $27,700 plus average annual income. And with its strong American ties, NATO membership, participation in the Afghanistan and Iraq military coalitions, and the general absence of radical Islamic terror attacks on its soil Poland clearly isn't a security threat. Moreover, it has implemented and adopted VWP-related security measures and information-sharing protocols asked of them by the U.S. government.

    What is preventing Poland's VWP entry? A provision in the Immigration and Nationality Act which requires a visa refusal rate of 3 percent or less to qualify for the program - and Poland's FY 2016 visa refusal rate according to the State Department is 5.7 percent, which although is a dramatic drop from previous years still doesn't pass the congressionally-mandated program muster. The State Department reported that 186,555 Polish citizens applied for nonimmigrant visas to visit the U.S. for business or pleasure. Each paid a non-fundable fee of $160. Of the applicants, U.S. consular officers refused to approve visas for 10,060 of them.

    However, using the visa refusal rate alone to exclude a country from the program can be somewhat misleading. For example, the prime concern for U.S. immigration officials is not necessarily the percentage of visa refusals by U.S. consular officers, but the actual number of nonimmigrants from VWP and other countries who overstay their 90-day visit. DHS's FY 2016 Overstay Report reveals that VWP members United Kingdom had 20,670 suspected overstays; Germany had 18,780; Italy had 14,896; Spain had 11,716; and France had 10,358 compared to non-VWP Poland's 2,787 suspected overstays!

    President Trump can take the following actions to facilitate Poland's VWP entry and/or make it easier for Polish citizens to visit the United States. One, he can urge Congress to pass the Poland Waiver Act of 2017; two, he can ask the DHS and State Department secretaries to determine the reasons why Poles are being refused visas at a greater percentage than INA requires and to determine if any legal and administrative remedies are available for Poland to achieve a lower rate; and three, ask the Secretary of State to determine if the $160 visa application fee for Polish citizens can be legally waived - as it has been for VWP member countries and like the Polish government has already done for U.S. citizens traveling to Poland.

    One is hard-pressed to find a better friend and more loyal U.S. ally than Poland. For that reason, President Trump should keep his promise and use his leadership ability and/or executive power to ensure this matter doesn't languish in the Federal bureaucracy or Congress any longer. Making it easier for the Poland's citizens to visit the U.S. on business and pleasure would further cement the bilateral relationship and surely please millions of them and their American cousins.

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    A version of this piece also appeared on https://spectator.org/


              Fox in the Hen House: Allowing Terrorists to Re-enter Prisons   

    Recent articles by the IPT and other news organizations have addressed the growing concerns regarding the upcoming release of over a hundred inmates convicted of terrorism related crimes. Experts have spoken on the lack of a bona fide strategy that will address the unique security issues presented when a terrorist is released. The need for post release specialized supervision programs is clear.

    The one idea that should not be on the table is to allow them to re-enter prisons to speak with inmates as a religious volunteer. Yet this is exactly what has happened in the Virginia Department of Corrections (VADOC) for the last two years.

    Edwin Lorenzo Lemmons, also known as Asad al Salaam, is an employee of the Muslim Chaplain Services of Virginia. He is licensed in the state as an Islamic clergyman authorized to perform marriages and other religious ceremonies. He has been issued a statewide pass to enter any VADOC facility and speak with inmates. He is currently teaching a class in Arabic for inmates. He is also an ex-offender. While that in itself is not unusual, many ex-offenders, in a desire to give back and help others in similar situations, have successfully done so. This particular ex-offender, Edwin Lorenzo Lemmons, (FBI # 939113RA3), is quite unique.

    Lemmons' criminal history began in a small rural community in upstate New York. His parents had sent him there from Chicago in hopes of protecting him from the scourge of gang violence and drugs. His first arrest occurred when he was a teenager, and for the next two years he amassed charges ranging from DUI to Burglary, Assault, and finally, Robbery. The last charge resulted in his being sentenced to a term of 2-4 years in a New York State prison. Upon his entrance to a Reception and Classification facility in April of 1996, he declared his religion as Christian. A few months later, after meeting with several inmates of Middle Eastern descent, one, a former Colonel in the Yemeni army and the other, a member of Hamas, Mr. Lemmons informed his counselor that he was changing his religious affiliation to Islam. Following that development, he began to attend Arabic classes taught by another inmate in the Cayuga Correctional Facility. The inmate teacher's name was Abdel Nasser Zaben.

    Abdel Zaben, a Palestinian, was born in Jordan in 1969. He illegally entered the United States in 1990, arrested by the NYPD in 1993 for Kidnapping and Robbery, and sentenced to 18 years in prison. Zaben was also the target of an investigation by the Joint Terrorism Task Force who had received confidential information that he had sworn allegiance to Osama bin Laden and was recruiting disenfranchised inmates to his group for training and to fight in the Jihad. At the time he first met with Edwin Lemmons, Zaben worked as a clerk for the prison's Islamic Chaplain . For the next two years he tutored Lemmons in both Arabic and the Koran. When the time for Lemmons' release from prison drew near, inmate Zaben provided him with names and contact information of individuals in the Middle East who would assist Lemmons in his travel and studies.

    Following his release, in the fall of 1998, Lemmons had his parole supervision transferred to Florida, and enrolled in the Islamic Center of Gainesville. In March 2000, Lemmons made his first trip overseas to the Middle East. Upon his return from Jordan through New York's JFK Airport and then on to Gainesville, Florida, he approached the president of the Islamic center and asked about fighting in the jihad overseas. The then-president, Mohamed Bahmaid, in an interview with members of the Joint Terrorism Task Force, stated that he tried to discourage Lemmons from any future overseas travel. Lemmons did not heed his advice. Four months later Lemmons made another trip overseas, this time to Egypt. He stayed for three months and while there, according to a reliable source who knew both Lemmons and Zaben, he received "underground tactical training."

    Later, while under surveillance by the JTTF, Lemmons was observed at a firing range in Melbourne, Florida with two other individuals, firing AK 47's and SKS assault rifles. They were practicing tactical maneuvers known as "cover & concealment." In addition, authorities received credible information from a reliable source that described Lemmons as someone with extremist Islamic views similar to that of the Taliban. Lemmons himself admitted to extremist views in a recorded conversation with inmate Abdel Zaben. The majority of Lemmon's conversations with Zaben were in Arabic and required the use of government translators. The translators often remarked as to the skill and scholarly approach to the language that Lemmons had acquired. That development caused concern with investigators in June 2003 when monitoring a conversation between Lemmons and Zaben. Lemmons kept saying over and over to Zaben that he needed to learn how to say "Big Truck" in Arabic. He was fluent in Arabic and knew precisely how to say those words. Why was he repeating the phrase, "Big Truck"? Investigators believed this was a coded message about a possible future attack that Lemmons was to be involved with.

    That is why on September 6, 2003, members of the FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Force arrested Lemmons in the Orlando airport as he returned from yet another trip to the Middle East. He was charged with possession of a firearm by a convicted felon. But this was no ordinary gun case. This was the result of a joint investigation dubbed "Operation Hades" which included investigators from my Office, the NYPD, the NYSP, and the JTTF. The goal of the investigation was to determine the level of Islamic radicalization in the prison system both here and abroad and also to identify and neutralize any radicalizing influences.

    Lemmons was only one of the many radicals we uncovered.

    As a result of his plea arrangement, he received a sentence of twenty seven months in the Federal Bureau of Prisons. He was released from prison on May 12, 2006. He continued to have contact with Abdel Zaben and other individuals in the Middle East whom he met during his travels. He has never recanted his extremist views.

    The question arises as to why the Muslim Chaplains Services of Virginia would hire someone holding such extremist views. Perhaps they were unaware of Lemmons' background, or perhaps they share the same beliefs as Mr. Lemmons. The MCSVA is a non-profit organization incorporated in 2003 whose stated mission is "to serve incarcerated individuals, ex-offenders, and their families." To accomplish that goal, MCSVA has received funding from various organizations including the Islamic Relief (IRUSA), an organization with ties to the Muslim Brotherhood. Its former global affiliate and current partner organization Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW) was banned from operating in Israel on allegations the charity funneled funds to Hamas. Later the same year, the United Arab Emirates declared IRW to be a terrorist group.

    One of the MCSVA board members, Sa'ad El-Amin, pled guilty to Tax Fraud and sentenced to 37 months in a federal prison. Adding to this, MCSVA is now employing an individual who was radicalized in prison and has spoken of fighting and dying for jihad, namely Edwin Lorenzo Lemmons, also known as Asad al Salaam

    Allowing an individual with such radical Islamic views to meet, teach, and influence a particularly vulnerable group of society, incarcerated men and women, is in direct opposition to the FBI's Correctional Intelligence Initiative which seeks to detect, deter, and disrupt the level of violent extremism and radicalization in correctional institutions. It specifically speaks of preventing un-vetted religious clergy and volunteers with extremist views from any interaction with inmates. The DOJ Inspector General's Office has also spoken of this security concern. That inmates could be radicalized while incarcerated and then carry out terrorist attacks after release is a very real concern both here and in abroad.

    It seems incredulous to me that, in light of the recent terrorist attacks in the UK and other European countries, carried out in part by individuals radicalized in prison, someone with Mr. Lemmons' background would be allowed to reenter a prison, let alone teach inmates.

    When notified of Lemmons' well documented criminal activity since his release from a New York State prison, Melissa Welch, the Operations Support Manager for VADOC, whose office oversees religious volunteers, stated that the approval to allow Mr. Lemmons to visit and teach inmates in Virginia was granted by her predecessor in 2015. She went on to say that the agency is in the process of reviewing how Edwin Lemmons slipped through the cracks and what action VADOC will need to take to correct the security error.

    Three crucial steps will be necessary to effectively neutralize this egregious security breach. First, Virginia Department of Corrections Director Harold Clarke should immediately suspend Mr. Lemmons' authorization to enter any correctional facility. Second, an audit/investigation into how religious volunteers are vetted should be conducted, and changes made, to prevent individuals with prior convictions for terror related crimes to gain access to any correctional facility. And thirdly, a list of the names of all the inmates, both in custody or released, who attended any classes or services conducted by Mr. Lemmons should be forwarded to the National Joint Terrorism Task Force that has oversight for the Correctional Intelligence Initiative Program.

    Failing to implement these steps will only increase the level of radicalizing influences in the U.S. prison system.

    Allowing a fox into the hen house does irreparable harm to all. Allowing a terrorist back into prison will only do the same.

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              State Officials Make Legal Threat Against DACA   

    Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton and nine other state Republican attorneys general sent a letter Thursday threatening to sue if the Trump administration does not “phase out” the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, under which more than 700,000 undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children, many of them now college students, have obtained two-year, renewable work permits and protection against deportation.

    Trump has sent mixed messages about the DACA program, which was established by former President Obama in 2012. During the campaign Trump said that he would “immediately terminate” what he described as an “illegal executive amnesty” program. Since his election he has softened his tone and said he would deal with DACA “with heart,” but he has not pledged to continue it. A spokeswoman for the Department of Homeland Security said earlier this month that the program “continues to be under review with the administration.”

    The 10 attorneys general that sent the letter threatening to sue over DACA were all part of a 26-state coalition that sued over another Obama-era program known as DAPA, which would have extended DACA-like protections to parents of American citizens and permanent residents. The Trump administration earlier this month rescinded the DAPA program, which was blocked by court order from ever going into this effect, saying there was "no credible path forward to litigate the currently enjoined policy."

    In rescinding DAPA, however, DHS clarified that current beneficiaries of DACA will continue to be eligible to seek a two-year extension of their status upon expiration and that “no work permits will be terminated prior to their current expiration dates.”

    In the letter to U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, the 10 state attorneys general said that if the administration refuses to phase out the program, which they describe as "unlawful" in that it "unilaterally confers eligibility for work authorization and lawful presence without any statutory authorization from Congress," they will amend their lawsuit against DAPA to challenge the DACA program as well.

    Thomas A. Saenz, president and general counsel of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, condemned the attorneys general who sent the letter, saying in a statement that "their evident xenophobia is not remotely consistent with the trajectory of our nation's history and future progress."

    "MALDEF urges the president not to cave in to the toothless threat in today's Texas letter," Saenz said. "Presidential authority does constitutionally extend to protecting DACA recipients, whom the president has repeatedly declared worthy of protection. We urge the president to fight to vindicate that authority."

    Is this diversity newsletter?: 
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              Investigation of Whistleblower Reprisal Complaint    

    Report issued on June 21, 2017


              Pinetops Will Stay Connected In North Carolina   

    It’s been a long road for Pinetops, North Carolina, as they’ve sought better connectivity in their rural community. After dramatic ups and downs, the community seems to have finally found a tepid resolution. Greenlight can, for now, continue to serve Pinetops.

    With Conditions

    On June 28th, the General Assembly passed HB 396, which allows Wilson’s municipal network, Greenlight, to continue to provide gigabit connectivity to the town and to Vick Family Farms but establishes conditions. If or when another provider brings Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) service to Pinetops, Wilson has 30 days to end service as customers transition to the new provider. Until a different provider comes to Pinetops, Greenlight will continue to offer its gigabit connectivity to the approximately 600 households and premises in the community of about 1,300 people.

    In addition to premises in the town of Pinetops, Greenlight is serving Vick Family Farm, a local potato manufacturer. When the business obtained access to high-quality Internet access, they were able to expand their business internationally; they invested in a high tech distribution facility. The facility requires the kind of capacity they can only get from Greenlight.

    Community leaders in Pinetops are relieved they don’t have to give up fiber connectivity, but they’re happy with the service they get with Greenlight and would rather stick with the muni.

    “Although not the solution we expected, we are pleased this bill allows us to continue to leverage Greenlight’s next generation infrastructure as we focus on growing our community,” said [Town Commissioner Suzanne] Coker-Craig. “Hopefully, no other provider will exercise the option to build redundant infrastructure that our community neither wants nor needs. Pinetops has made it clear that we want the quality and speed of service that only Greenlight can provide.”

    Read the text of the bill here.

    What A Long, Strange Trip It’s Been

    In 2015, when the FCC preempted North Carolina’s law that discourages municipal network investment, the city of Wilson expanded Greenlight to Pinetops and the Vick Family Farm. The small town and the potato business had requested service long before it was allowed under the law because neither could get the high-quality Internet access they needed from the incumbent.

    North Carolina’s administration challenged the preemption and the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed the FCC’s ruling in 2016. Rather than just shutting off service to their new customers in Pinetops and the Vick Family Farm, Wilson kept them temporarily connected without charging customers. They planned to work with the legislature to obtain an exemption from North Carolina’s restrictive law.

    HB 396, introduced by Wilson's Reps. Susan Martin and Jean Farmer-Butterfield, was amended to include the condition that prevents more than one fiber provider from offering service in Pinetops or to the Vick Family Farm. Mayor Bruce Rose said:

    “We appreciate our delegation’s efforts, led by Representative Martin, to eliminate restrictions on Greenlight’s ability to serve customers who requested and desperately need our service. While this is not the bill we had hoped for, it is a step in the right direction. We hope that in the future our General Assembly will be allowed to focus on expanding rural broadband instead of restricting it.”

    The result is bittersweet. For the people of Pinetops and the Vick Family Farm, high-speed connectivity continues for the time being. If the State of North Carolina was willing to put the interests of its citizens ahead of protecting incumbent monopolies, however, all the state’s rural areas would have the local authority to invest in high-quality Internet infrastructure.


              RFP For Assessment And Feasibility Study In Alexander County, North Carolina   

    Alexander County, North Carolina, recently released a Request for Proposals (RFP) to find a firm to conduct a broadband assessment and feasibility study. Applications are due July 24th.

    Rural Connectivity

    In addition to examining what type of service and where service is currently available, the county wants a firm that will help create a strategy to improve what they already know is poor connectivity throughout the county. Funding sources should be identified along with helpful public policy suggestions.

    According to the RFP, approximately 50 percent of 1,954 respondents in a recent indicated that their Internet service did not have sufficient speed. Sixty-five percent don’t have access to broadband as defined by the FCC (25 Megabits per second download and 3 Mbps upload), and about 12 percent use their mobile devices to access the Internet. Sixteen percent noted that affordability is a problem. Approximately 84 percent of respondents indicated that they’d like to have more options for Internet access.

    Alexander County

    Alexander County is mostly rural and home to about 38,000 people. Manufacturing is an important part of the economy but farmland makes up much of its 264 square miles. Taylorsville is the county seat and the only town, with a few other unincorporated communities in the county. Bethlehem, a census designated place is located in the southwest corner of the county and is also somewhat densely populated, relative to the rest of the county.

    The community is on the west side of the state, about an hour north of Charlotte. The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) classifies the community's economic status as "transitional" and the North Carolina Department of Commerce considers it an average economically distressed county. A little more than half of school kids qualify for free and reduced lunches. Unemployment is at 3.2 percent as of April 2017. County leaders hope that improving connectivity within the region will also help diversify the economy and improve the employment situation for residents.

    Existing Fiber

    The county’s Information Technology Department maintains a fiber optic network that connects ten public facilities, including the library, courthouse, and law enforcement center. The Wide Area Network (WAN) provides Internet access for the connected facilities and connects to state and federal government buildings. As part of the assessment, county officials want firms responding to the RFP to address how they would incorporate publicly owned assets into any future solutions.

    Important dates:

    July 10, 2017: Questions from prospective applicants are due by 4:00 p.m.

    July 14, 2017: Written response to each question will be submitted to all known prospective applicants. If you are interested in receiving the responses to the submitted questions, please email Greg Cronk to indicate your request.

    July 24, 2017: Application submission deadline, applications are due to Alexander County no later than 5:00 PM.

    Questions regarding RFP content must be submitted in writing to:

    Greg Cronk 

    Alexander County Information Technology Director 

    621 Liledoun Road 

    Taylorsville, NC 28681 

    Phone: 828-632-1127 

    Email: gcronk (at) alexandercountync.gov

    Read the full RFP here.


              Texas Supreme Court bends to politics on same-sex marriage benefits. Bad news everywhere   
    Texas Republicans haven't given up the fight against same-sex marriage and their political pressure on that state's Supreme Court today paid off.

    The Court reversed an earlier decision and sent back to a trial court the question of whether same-sex married couples are entitled to the same government-subsidized benefits — such as health insurance — that opposite-sex couples receive. There was a fairly tortured path to today's decision and the decision itself is a maze. But in short, the court said, there is no inherent right to such benefits.

    But, in conceding that the U.S. Supreme Court in the Obergfell decision ended state bans on same-sex marriage, the Texas court said it did not  it "did not hold that states must provide the same publicly funded benefits to all married persons" or specifically hold unconstitutional laws in Texas aimed at preventing equal treatment of gay couples.

    It ordered the trial court to consider these issues, without saying how the court should decide. The court, in essence, punted, but in a way favorable to opponents of same-sex marriage. The Supreme Court said the case hadn't been fully briefed to begin with because the Obergfell decision arrived as the case was ongoing.

    This article in Slate ahead of today's ruling explains the case in more detail.

    Today's opinion drew on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in a recent case from Arkansas, the Pavan case, that should support the broadest interpretation of Obergfell. There, the court said issuance of birth certificates was among the many processes controlled by the state that should be applied equally.

    Said the Texas court:

    In Obergefell, the Supreme Court acknowledged that our historical view of marriage has long been “based on the understanding that marriage is a union between two persons of the opposite sex.” It concluded, however, that this “history is the beginning of these
    cases,” and it rejected the idea that it “should be the end as well.” But Obergefell is not the end either. Already, the Supreme Court has taken one opportunity to address Obergefell’s impact on an issue it did not address in Obergefell, and there will undoubtedly be others. [The Pavan case.] Pidgeon and the Mayor, like many other litigants throughout the country, must now assist the courts in fully exploring Obergefell’s reach and ramifications, and are entitled to the opportunity to do so. 

    This looks like a terrible precedent, a signal to the bitter-enders to force lawsuits on every potential application of the law and to deny equal treatment by whatever means possible in whatever context possible. It's a mean prospect. Equal means equal. With Neil Gorsuch now linking arms with Alito and Thomas on the Supreme Court against Pavan, it might not prove such a simple proposition if Trump adds more of his ilk to the court.

    I shudder to think what Jerry Cox can do with this thinking before the anti-gay Arkansas Supreme Court majority that found simple discrimination in birth certificates legal. This case is an invitation for a Bob Ballinger or Bart Hester or similar to claim — as plaintiffs from Houston did in the Texas case — that their religious freedom is infringed by paying taxes that go to subsidize health insurance for married gay people.

              Gov. Hutchinson says major change needed in Senate health legislation   
    Gov. Asa Hutchinson outlined four major changes he'd like to see in Republican-backed health legislation pending in the Senate.

    In short, he said — if in more diplomatic words — the bill as written would be devastating to Arkansas. Hutchinson chose to put it more kindly. He said the Senate was moving in "the right direction" and said "the status quo is not acceptable."

    But he added: "There have to be significant changes in the current draft in order to give states like Arkansas options for the future and to continue coverage and not have a $500 million per year gap in our economy."

    He said he'd spoken to Arkansas's senators about this, but referred questions about their reaction to them. To date, Sens. Tom Cotton and John Boozman have resisted saying much of anything about the legislation, though Cotton was one of 13 white male Republicans who participated in the secret drafting.

    The shortcomings have been self-evident for some time in states like Arkansas that took advantage of the Medicaid expansion provided through the Affordable Care Act, or Obamacare. House-passed and Senate-proposed legislation would obliterate the Medicaid expansion and also severely restrict traditional Medicaid coverage for the elderly and disabled by going to per capita distributions to states. Both changes would devastate Arkansas, with a large traditional Medicaid population and more than 300,000 people now covered by the Medicaid expansion. Hutchinson said the state was already making changes to reduce costs and state cooperation should be a goal of congressional action. Some 60,000 would lose coverage by reducing coverage for those making 138 percent of the poverty level to 100 percent and by instituting work rules.

    Hutchinson suggested these changes in what's under consideration:

    * Exempt those elderly, blind and disabled covered by traditional Medicaid from the per capita cap on spending. Otherwise, the cost would be shifted to the state, he said. (He said later it was OK to put children's coverage, Arkids, under a per capital program because they were generally lower cost.)

    * If the federal government moves to block grant funding for Medicaid, Hutchinson said the funding should include in the figuring the Medicaid expansion population. Some states didn't take the money. If the pot is redivided to cover all states equally, those who expanded will lose and those who didn't will gain. "This puts us in a difficult position to manage and maintain coverage," Hutchinson said. If the population is considered, he said, "the state can assume the risk and create savings and ensure coverage of the working poor."

    * Senate legislation must "redesign" the tax credits, or subsidies, for those covered in the health insurance marketplace. Hutchinson echoed critics of the Senate legislation who say the subsidies are so small as to be worthless.  "If the subsidy is not sufficient, an individual will decide they can't afford it." He said "there have to be sufficient subsidies to make it work."

    * The states must be given "flexibility" on how they spend money received under per capita reimbursements. He didn't specify some examples of what he had in mind. In some states, though, flexibility has meant not providing certain services (birth coverage for example) and measures co-pays, work, drug testing and other sometimes controversial ideas.

    Hutchinson acknowledged that the Medicaid expansion, now known as Arkansas Works, by law must end if federal support is reduced. That's not an immediate concern because actual reductions won't occur for several years into the plan now outlined in Senate legislation. "They've given us a long glide path," he said.

    Timing noted: Hutchinson finally weighed in with criticisms that have been voiced for weeks by many others following a week in which the Senate leadership's plan for a quick vote on the GOP fill apart because of he couldn't keep all Republican senators on board.

    Noted too: Hutchinson refused to talk taxes — either those to pay for his expanded vision of health coverage and the windfall for the wealthy envisioned in the pending bill.

    Just yesterday, Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families gave some idea of the blow the Senate bill would deliver to rural health care.

              Finalists announced for next chancellor of UAMS   
    Univesity of Arkansas System President Donald Bobbitt has announced two finalists to succeed Dan Rahn, who retires July 31 as chancellor of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.

    Expected to visit the campus in July are:

    * A. Wesley Burks, M.D., executive dean of the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He's a graduate of the University of Central Arkansas, got his medical degree at UAMS and spent 18 years at UAMS and Arkansas Children's Hospital as a faculty member and administrator.

    * Danny O. Jacobs, M.D., executive vice president, provost and dean of the School of Medicine at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas

    Bobbitt worked with a search committee on the choices. He said in a prepared statement that both men "have the experience and leadership skills necessary to lead a major academic medical center."

    They will have two days of meetings with students, faculty, administrators, UA trustees and others in Little Rock, then travel to Northwest Arkansas for meeting leaders of UAMS' Northwest campus.  Jacobs will visit July 16-19 and Burks will visit July 25-28.

    A webpage has more information about the finalists and the search process.

              Session Régionale du 29 Juin 2017   

    Veuillez trouver, ci-dessous, le programme de la session régionale de ce jour :

    programme 29-06-2017(1).pdf

    session,region,juin,2017


              HARVESTING VALUE FROM BROKERAGE:   
    【作者(必填)】 【文题(必填)】 HARVESTING VALUE FROM BROKERAGE: 【年份(必填)】 2017 【全文链接或数据库名称(选填)】http://amj.aom.org/content/early/2017/06/29/amj.2016.0123.full.pdf+html
              6. zasedání Zastupitelstva města Děčín v roce 2017   
    6. zasedání Zastupitelstva města Děčín v roce 2017

    Primátorka města paní Mgr. Marie Blažková informuje občany o konání 6. zasedání Zastupitelstva města Děčín v roce 2017, které se bude konat ve čtvrtek dne 29. června 2017 od 15:00 hod. v prostorách velkého sálu společenského domu Střelnice v Děčíně I. V článku budou postupně zveřejňovány materiály zastupitelstva pro veřejnost, přímý přenos, usnesení a videozáznam. Materiály do zastupitelstva je upravená verze z důvodu dodržení přiměřenosti rozsahu zveřejňovaných osobních údajů podle zákona č. 101/2000 Sb., o ochraně osobních údajů.

    {iframe width="770" height="1250" frameborder="no"}http://formulare.mmdecin.cz/rmzm/anonym/2017_06_29_06.htm{/iframe}

    KOMPLETNÍ MATERIÁLY V JEDNOM SOUBORU PDF (32 MB)


              Senator Kelly Releases Statement Re: Aetna’s Relocation to NYC   

    HARTFORD, Conn. – Today Co-Chairman of the Insurance and Real Estate Committee, State Senator Kevin Kelly (R-Stratford) released the following statement regarding Aetna’s announcement that they will move their Corporate Headquarters to New York City in 2018.

    “While this is disappointing news, it is not surprising,” said Sen. Kelly. “Far too long Connecticut has been governed by those with little regard for fiscal responsibility and even less regard for good-paying jobs and the hard-working families that call Connecticut home.”

    Following a never-ending budget battle in Hartford, Aetna’s announcement comes just a year after General Electric’s move from Connecticut to Boston.

    “If GE’s move wasn’t a wake-up call, this is,” said Sen. Kelly. “All eyes are on us, whether it’s large corporations with headquarters here or the Wall Street credit agencies, all are watching anxiously as the Connecticut economy continues to flounder. We cannot fail to do our jobs; we must put Connecticut on a path to prosperity.”

    “Senate Republicans have done their job and have a plan to do this,” said Sen. Kelly. “Our plan lays the foundation for a new Connecticut, a plan that will put hard-working families first, a plan that creates jobs through a stable and predictable economy. Connecticut needs a new direction and Senate Republicans are ready to lead the way.”

    Learn more about what’s in the budget proposal  at www.ctsenaterepublicans.com.

     


              Wow…have you seen this Hartford Courant Editorial?   

    SqCapitolwithRays

    (Please read and share the following July 28th  Hartford Courant editorial for an update on the CT state budget.  Send me your comments at Heather.Somers@cga.ct.gov)

    Mr. Aresimowicz, Get The Democrats To The Capitol

    It’s on you, Joe Aresimowicz.

    For many months, the Democratic Speaker of the House of Representatives has known that the state was facing a multibillion-dollar problem. He knew legislators would have to make painful cuts and find creative and fair ways to raise revenues if they had a prayer of solving it.

    And they had a deadline. The fiscal year ends Friday.

    But now, after mustering zero workable solutions over the past few months and with only hours to go, Mr. Aresimowicz has refused to call for a vote on a reasonable stop-gap budget offered by the governor and supported by the Senate‘s Republican and Democratic leaders.

    Why? Because, Mr. Aresimowicz said, a temporary solution isn’t good enough — but also because the Democrats are on vacation.

    v”I believe my members are less than likely to hop on planes and leave their families at vacation places all over this country and other countries to come in and do a temporary fix,” he told reporters on Tuesday.

    He refused to identify for The Courant those Democratic state representatives who chose to go on vacation at a critical time in one of the most serious budget crises the state has ever faced. Leaving town this week is a stunning dereliction of duty.

    Mr. Aresimowicz and the rest of the House Democratic caucus are instead choosing to accept spending cuts so drastic that basic social safety nets for some of the state’s most vulnerable will be lost. Cuts to town aid will be so deep that local officials might have to recast their entire budgets. The move also puts the state’s shaky credit rating at further risk.

    Apparently realizing that the legislature is incapable of finding its own elbows, Gov. Dannel P. Malloy earlier this week wisely offered legislators the option of passing a “mini-budget” for the next quarter that would allow for some new revenue (much of it already earmarked for certain programs but not yet spent). Without a budget, the governor can’t raise revenue or shift funds. He can only slash millions, cutting services for the sick and the poor and eviscerating school funding grants to towns.

    The vote on the mini-budget would have to take place Thursday or Friday. If nothing passes by the end of Friday, the governor’s executive order budget goes into effect.

    If Mr. Aresimowicz continues to refuse to call for a vote, the impacts will be felt immediately. It will eliminate services to some clients of the Department of Developmental Services and the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Rental assistance will be slashed by millions. Funding for summer youth jobs will be completely eliminated.

    School funding will see the biggest cuts if the legislature can’t come up with a budget before the fall. How big? Take West Hartford. In the last fiscal year, the city received $20.9 million in state funding for schools. Under the governor’s proposed executive order, West Hartford would receive $4.3 million. Simsbury, which received about $6 million last year, would get zero dollars.

    Do the math.

    The most frustrating thing is that through these past few months, the legislature wasted time debating and amending bills that didn’t stand a chance of becoming law, and leadership knew it. Mr. Aresimowicz placated members of his caucus by entertaining floor debate on bills such as marijuana legalization that were soon enough left to rot.

    How could House Democrats have gone months without coming up with a workable, clear, full-spectrum solution to the state’s $5 billion budget shortfall? Did they not realize that that was their job? Or did their own internal politicking get in the way?

    One Democratic effort to fashion a budget failed spectacularly in April when a 262-page detailed spending plan couldn’t even get a vote in the Democrat-controlled appropriations committee. In May, Democrats offered a one-page sketch of a plan, along with a spreadsheet containing more details. Since then, nary a peep from the party nominally in control of the legislature.

    Others had their priorities in order.

    The Senate and House Republicans, and Mr. Malloy, came up with actual spending plans. Their respective strengths and weaknesses are debatable (Mr. Malloy’s budget director Ben Barnes told The Courant’s editorial board that the House Republican’s plan contained “large pieces of baloney”), but that’s the point — they have offered something to debate.

    What have House Democrats offered?

    Shamefully little.

    And now they refuse to vote on a measure that would at least keep some basic protections in place.

    Mr. Barnes warned that if the legislature refused to vote on the mini-budget, there would be a “significant risk” of another bond rating downgrade from Wall Street. “They are paying close attention to what we are doing,” he said.

    Mr. Aresimowicz’s failure to call for a vote, to say nothing of his failure to craft a complete budget proposal that was at least palatable to his own caucus, is an abrogation of a serious responsibility, and the consequences for the people of Connecticut are going to be profound.

    It’s mystifying how legislators could be so cavalier about solving the budget problem, the most important thing they have to do.

    Connecticut’s Democratic leaders need to ask themselves: Whom do you serve?

    Mr. Aresimowicz, call for a vote.


              ادب از که آموختندی از گذشتگان   


         یا        
       گذشتگان چراغ راه آیندگان هستند


    از بچگی دوست داشتم نقاشی کنم بماند که اوج هنرم در طراحی با مداد کشیدن گربه و کوه و خونه است از این خونه هایی که یه مربع پایین میکشی یه مثلث بالاش و یه دود کش و در و پنجره هم براش میذاری. دیگه خیلی دستم همکاری کنه میتونم اون گربه رو پوزش رو دراز تر کنم گوشهاش رو کشیده تر و تبدیلش کنم به سگ!!! بعله ما یه همچی هنرمندی هستیم
    خدا پدر مادر تکنولوژی رو بیامرزه که به مدد ایشون تونستم یه ذره به آرزوم برسم  و آرزو به دل از دنیا نرم.
    ولی  همیشه فکر میکردم  به همه نقاش های دنیا حسادت کردم که چه ذهن و دست هماهنگی دارند اما اوج تیر حسادتم سمت انسانهای غار نشین بود.
     این انسان های غارنشین عجب هنرمند هایی بودن بدون مدد به معلم طراحی و فلان مداد  و فلان مدادرنگی هزار رنگ مارک دار چه چیزایی میکشیدن نه خدایی کسی میتونه بیاد بز بکشه ؟با یه  سنگ، روی یه سنگ دیگه حکاکی کنه بعد اون بزها جست و خیز هم بکنند یا گاو شاخ دار به اون قشنگی بکشه قبول کنید سخته.
    من همیشه به عنوان یه انسان امروزی شهرنشین با این همه امکانات احساس حقارت و سرافکندگی عجیبی در برابر این موضوع داشتم تا اینکه .....
    تا اینکه چندتا دانشمند عقده ای تر و حسود تر از من تاب نیاوردند و اونقدر در این هنر پیشینیان انگشت کردند تا پرده از حقیقت برداشتندی و رسوای عالموشون کردندی طوری که من الان میخوام جامه بدرانم و فریاد کنان عربده کشان برم سمت بیابان و اشک شوق بریزم از کشف این معمای بزرگ و در راه بازگشت به دیار خویش  حتما از این دستورالعمل شگرف پیشینیان استفاده کنم...
    شرح ماجرا را از اینجا بخوانید





              Orlando activists stage die-in at Marco Rubio's office over Trumpcare   
    To the tune of the Negro spiritual "Wade in the Water," protesters in Orlando staged a die-in outside U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio's office Wednesday to demand he vote against the Republican health care bill that would leave 22 million people uninsured by 2026.

    Senate GOP leaders wanted to pass a repeal of the Affordable Care Act earlier this week but were unsuccessful because they lacked votes.…
              Microsoft just unveiled another great-looking iPhone app   

    Microsoft on Thursday launched the Office Lens app for iOS. The scanning app has been available on Windows Phone for about a year, but it is now the latest Windows app to make the transition to iPhone and iPad, following the release of the mobile Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Outlook apps late last year.

    DON'T MISS: Apple might have figured out how to fix the ugliest thing about the iPhone 6

    With Office Lens, you will be able to capture and crop images of your work to share with others, make digital copies of documents and business cards and with the app's OCR text recognition capabilities, you can search for words and phrases within the images.

    Here are a few of the app's features as they are listed on the official App Store page:

    • With Whiteboard mode, Office Lens trims and cleans up glare and shadows.
    • With Document mode, Office Lens trims and colors images perfectly.
    • Pictures can be saved to OneNote, OneDrive, or your preferred cloud storage.
    • Choose to convert images to Word (.docx), PowerPoint (.pptx), or PDF (.pdf) files that are automatically saved to OneDrive.

    Office Lens is free to download on the App Store. You can get it here and start scanning right away.


              Take A Guess Which Of These Egg Yolks Is Actually From A Healthy Chicken   
    One of the more interesting aspects of living in Brazil is the different approaches to food. We are connected to local farms from friends and family, spoiling us with organic homegrown everything. Regarding chicken eggs, the sizes vary, the colors of the shells vary but if the egg comes from the family farm, the yolk almost always a darker color. It is also thicker than the typical yellow yolk you find at the store.


    In the United States all the eggs that can be bought at our local supermarket are yellow. Organic, vegetarian or cheap; they are all yellow and the yolk is not as thick. What is the reason for this? Could it be that myself and almost everyone I know has been eating eggs from unhealthy chickens? Have you ever even seen an orange egg? It took me 30 years to discover an egg from a healthy chicken. That’s crazy.

    Having returned to the states, Craigslist is the go-to route to accommodate my urban life with homestead flare in search of the dankest foods.

    From Garden Betty… Last year, I compared my pasture-foraging, insect-pecking, soil-scratching, whole grain-feeding chickens’ yolks to the yolks of both their “free-ranging” and factory-farmed counterparts. The differences are clearly visible: Yolks from my homegrown eggs were not only darker orange, but also fuller and thicker. Even the eggshells were denser and harder to crack. But what’s the big deal about orange yolks? Besides being a coveted color, orange yolks are an indication of a well balanced and highly nutritious diet. A few things factor into the making of an orange yolk: xanthophylls, omega-3 fatty acids, and meats. Xanthophylls are a class of carotenoids. Carotenoids are natural plant pigments found in many fruits and vegetables. It’s often thought that beta-carotene, one of the more well-known carotenoids, is responsible for giving yolks the orange pigment that people associate with carrots. But in actuality, beta-carotene benefits yolks nutritionally, rather than colorfully. The carotenoids that cause deeper yolk coloring are xanthophylls, which are more readily absorbed in the yolks. (Lutein is one such xanthophyll, and a lot of lutein means a lot more orange.) Xanthophylls are found in dark leafy greens like spinach, kale and collards, as well as in zucchini, broccoli, and brussels sprouts. Omega-3 fatty acids are highly concentrated in flax seeds and sea kelp, which are both important components of my homemade whole grain chicken feed.

    And did you know that chickens are not meant to be vegetarian, no matter what your premium carton of organic/grain-fed/cage-free eggs tells you? Chickens are omnivores by nature and their healthiest diets include meats, such as mealworms, beetles, grasshoppers, grubs, and whatever creepy-crawly they can pull out of the ground. I’ve even heard of chickens (those ballsy ones out in the boonies) attacking small rodents and snakes!

    When you have all of these sources incorporated into a hen’s healthful diet, the nutrients they consume are passed on to their eggs and concentrated in their yolks. According to Mother Earth News, which conducted its own egg analysis, and a more recent Pennsylvania State University study, pastured eggs contain higher levels of vitamins A, D and E; more beta-carotene; and more omega-3s.

    All this means is that a pastured egg is better for you. And that’s one of the reasons we raise chickens, right?

    So, how do we get those delightful dark orange yolks from our backyard chickens?


    Let your ladies roam a pasture (or a garden — especially if you’re digging over new beds — or even just a new patch of dirt in their chicken tractor) for an orange-boosting bug buffet.

    Give them plenty of fresh greens to increase the lutein in their yolks. The darker the green the better, so I often fix them a feast of edible amaranth (one of my favorite summer greens), kale, collards, broccoli leaves, or whatever I happen to have growing in my garden. If it’s the middle of winter and your garden greens are lacking, you can feed them alfalfa.

    They’re very handy helpers at the end of the season when most of my greens have bolted and become bug-ridden. Let the chickens clean up those plants before you pull them out for your compost pile. It’s a win for everybody! (Except the bugs, that is…)

    (As an aside, don’t be fooled by the cheater method that egg factories take, and simply feed your chickens more corn. While corn can give your yolks that nice golden color, it has little nutritional value.)

    After a few weeks, you’ll be so used to seeing orange yolks (the way most of us have been conditioned to see yellow yolks) that you might even think they haven’t changed in color. Buy some eggs from the store and crack them into a bowl with your homegrown eggs — you’ll be stunned at the difference!

    Those are some interesting observations by Garden Betty. Here is a bit more of an explanation by food and nutrition.

    WATCH THE VIDEO:

    When it comes to yolks, the color is determined by a hen’s diet, not its breed (artificial color additives are not permitted in eggs) or the freshness of the egg. Hen diets heavy in green plants, yellow corn, alfalfa and other plant material with xanthophylls pigment (a yellow-orange hue) will produce a darker yellow-orange yolk. Diets of wheat or barley produce pale yellow yolks; hens fed white cornmeal produce almost colorless yolks.

    Free-range hens may have access to more heavily pigmented food so they may produce eggs with darker yolks. According to the American Egg Board, consumer preference in the U.S. is typically for light gold- or lemon-colored yolks.

    At the end of the day, know your farmer and the diet of the chickens producing the eggs to be eaten.

    True Activist
    SOURCE

              WHERE IS THE 'KDN' & IT'S MINISTER ?? PLEASE HELP !!   



    It seems that The Malaysian Insider is at the usual sinister best playing fire and making attempt to instigate and incite the Christians on the ‘Kalimah Allah’ issue. First they got theApostolic Nuncio to Malaysia HE Archbishop Joseph Marino to state his support for the Christian Federation of Malaysia’s quest to use ‘Allah’ in place of God.


    Now, they manipulate to resort by demanding the Christians who are in power and members of the Federal Government executive, especially the Bumiputera from Sabah and Sarawak to stand up for the ‘Kalimah Allah’ issue.


    Time the Christian politicians protected their flock



    JULY 14, 2013

    NEWS ANALYSIS – Datuk Seri Idris Jala. Tan Sri Joseph Kurup. Datuk Seri Dr Maximus Ongkili. Datuk Joseph Salang Gandum. Datuk Joseph Belaun. Datuk Seri Douglas Unggah. Datuk Dr Ewon Ebin. Datuk Richard Riot. Datuk Mary Yap…

    These names have several things in common: they are either ministers or deputy ministers in the Najib administration, represent constituencies in Sabah or Sarawak and are Christians.

    Yes, they are Catholics, Protestants, Evangelical, and are members of Sidang Injil Borneo but do not expect any of them to lead the charge and defend the position of their faith in public.


    Indeed, there is a better chance of there being four seasons in Malaysia than any Christian representative resigning from government on a matter of principle, say, because the administration going back on its word on the use of the word Allah by East Malaysians. Or even taking the fight to right-wing groups who in the past few years have threatened Christians.

    They are ensconced in nice and comfortable positions of power and prefer others to do the heavy lifting.

    So it is left to the various church leaders and even some non-Christian elected representatives to protect the constitutional right of freedom of worship and ensure fairness in public policies.

    Think about it. When the controversy arose over the hurried Bill that allowed the conversion of children to Islam based on the consent of one parent, did you hear loud protests from Idris and gang? Or was it the Tourism Minister Datuk Seri Nazri Aziz who reminded his own colleagues that it was unconscionable to force through legislation which was unfair and once rejected by the Cabinet in 2009?

    To be fair, even MCA’s president Datuk Seri Dr Chua Soi Lek went public with his displeasure over the proposed law, noting that the BN component party would not support its passage through Parliament.

    The Bill has since been withdrawn, thanks to the principled positions taken by the likes of Nazri, Pakatan Rakyat and religious groups.

    Now let’s move on to the more vexatious issue of the use of the word “Allah’’ by Christians. And this is where the silence of the Christian elected representatives is deafening, taking into the account this simple fact: 60 per cent of Malaysian Christians only speak Bahasa Malaysia and have done so since 1731.

    The word Allah is used mainly by Christians in Sabah and Sarawak. In short, mainly constituents who voted for Messrs Kurup, Unggah and Riot into power use it.

    East Malaysian Christians were allowed to use the word Allah for centuries until the then Home Minister Syed Hamid Albar prohibited its use, leading the Catholic Church to commence legal proceedings against the government.

    In 2011, the High Court allowed the Catholic Church to use the word Allah. The government’s appeal against the decision will be before the courts soon.

    But in the run-up to the Sarawak state elections in 2011, the Najib government made conciliatory moves, releasing the infamous 10-point resolution to issues faced by the Christian community.

    Among other things, the 10-point solution allowed the importation of Malay-language Bibles or Al-Kitab. The 10-point solution was seen as a short-term solution as it did not address a couple of important issues: the prohibition of the use of the word Allah in Christian publications and the continued classification of the Malay-language bible as prejudicial to national security.

    Mind you, Idris Jala was a key player in the 10-point solution initiative but he melted into the background when the then Home Minister Hishammuddin Hussein suggested that the government plan was only a work in progress.

    Since then, it has been clear that Prime Minister Najib Razak and his colleagues have decided that the word Allah cannot be used by non-Muslims. He said so in an interview with Al-Jazeera a few days before GE13.

    And what did the likes of the Christian politicians do when they watched the interview or read transcripts? Zilch. Nothing. Business as usual.

    Once again, church leaders had to clear the smog over the issue and come into the line of fire.

    The Christian Federation of Malaysia has said that in the Malay language, Allah means God and Tuhan means Lord. Both God and Lord are used in the Bible and have different connotations. Allah cannot be substituted by Tuhan and by doing so, Bahasa-Malaysia speaking Christians will not be able to affirm the deity of Jesus Christ and teach the doctrine of the Trinity, said the federation recently.

    “If churches in Malaysia agree to stop using the word “Allah’’, it means that the right to edit the Scripture of a major world religion has been given over to a secular government,” it added.

    The usual argument put forward by elected representatives of minority groups is that it is more effective to work quietly behind the scenes and not take a public position on controversial issues. A whole lot of good that approach did in fighting off the proposed conversion law.

    It is quite clear that the quiet diplomacy of the Christian representatives in that instance failed miserably. In fact, by keeping quiet and not bringing the pulse of their constituents to the knowledge of the PM, these leaders are doing the government a great disservice because it creates the impression that only a handful of noisy Christians feel strongly about the Al-kitab or Allah issue.

    Similarly, what did the Christian Cabinet ministers and deputy ministers do when Perkasa and Jati attacked the Vatican envoy for stating in moderate tones his support for the use of the word Allah by Christians here?

    Precious little.

    At some point you have to decide what is more important: the chauffeur-driver car and bodyguard or standing up for your faith and beliefs.

    Or perhaps, it is time their constituents in Sabah and Sarawak send them a major message. – July 14, 2013.

    **********

    They should be reminded that the Federal Constitution stated that Islam is the religion of the Federation of Malaysia and professing Christianity to Muslims and protelysation is against the law.

    HRH Ruler already made a decree that “Non Muslims are barred from the use of ‘Allah’ in place of God and the sacred word is exclusive for the Muslims only”, which is based on a fatwa by the National Fatwa Council.

    Going against all these provisions and facts with the ill intent to create ill feelings, anger and probably attempts to distabilise understanding and harmony between races and believers should be seen as an act of sedition.

    It is time that the Police and authorities investigate The Malaysian Insider under the Sedition Act 1948.

    *Footnote: The title translate to “Playing fire with malice”

    SOURCE : http://bigdogdotcom.wordpress.com/2013/07/14/ludens-ignis-malitia/

    BLOG BN 2013

              Estas obras de arte han sido creadas por una doble red neuronal y logran gustar más que las pintadas por humanos    

    Cerebro

    Dicen que hay relación entre la creatividad y la inteligencia, y puede que ésta sea otra cosa a comprobar con la artificial. Y la verdad es que resulta bastante curioso ver cómo se desarrolla y defiende esta especie de "creatividad artificial" si hablamos de una inteligencia artificial que es capaz de crear arte mezclando estilos pictóricos.

    Dejando pinceles y óleos a un lado y tirando de algoritmos y redes neuronales, lo que han hecho unos investigadores de la Universidad Rutgers (Nueva Jersey) y el laboratorio de IA de Facebook e California es crear un sistema dual para crear obras de arte. Pero el objetivo no era que fuese algo aleatorio o fundamentado en lo abstracto, sino que el sistema fuese capaz de crear algo catalogado como arte sin corresponderse a ninguna corriente artística existente (barroco, cubismo, etc.).

    Dos cerebros juntos piensan más que uno, y dos redes neuronales también

    Según explican en el trabajo publicado, para la creación del sistema se ha partido de la modificación de un algoritmo llamado Generative Adversial Network (GAN), denominación que deja ver la base de su funcionamiento, dado que lo que hace es enfrentar dos redes neuronales con el fin de que esa confrontación de un resultado cada vez mejor. Los componentes de este curioso enfrentamiento son una red que crea una solución y otra que se encarga de evaluarla, siendo el algoritmo el catalizador para que una y otra red den con la solución más acertada.

    Aplicándolo a la creación de arte, el equipo habla de una Creative Adversarial Network (CAN), y se trata de que una de las redes (la generadora) genere imágenes continuamente y otra (la discriminadora) se encargue de catalogarlo o no como arte, enviando dos señales contradictorias a la generadora para conseguir una creación nueva, no demasiado innovadora y no perteneciente a ningún estilo. La discriminadora puede juzgar gracias a haber recibido un entrenamiento con 81.449 pinturas de 1.119 artistas distintos (del siglo XV al XX), con lo que es capaz de discernir entre una obra de arte y otro elemento (como una fotografía o un diagrama) y el estilo al que pertenece.

    Like Esta selección es la que más gustó al jurado humano.

    De ahí que, como decíamos al principio, el objetivo sea que el sistema dé con una creación que no pueda catalogarse en ninguno de estos estilos, siendo en la práctica un nuevo estilo per se. Explica Marian Mazzone en New Scientist, historiadora de arte en el Colegio de Charleston en Carolina del Sur que ha trabajado en el proyecto, que la idea es crear arte que sea innovador pero no en exceso.

    De este modo, lo que buscan estos investigadores es lograr una generación de arte artificial al 100%, de modo que no intervenga ningún ser humano en el proceso. Aunque como explican, igual que la creatividad humana en el arte parte de experiencias y conocimientos previos, y que la motivación para el estudio parte de la hipótesis de Colin Martindale (que fue profesor de psicología en la Universidad de Maine) de que las nuevas creaciones de arte surgen de un intento de romper con lo previo y mejorar, lo cual han querido computerizar usando este GAN modificado.

    Artistas imprevisibles y sin pinceles

    En cuanto a los resultados, los investigadores concluyen que hay una marcada ausencia de figuras, tendiendo más a un estilo abstracto y que probablemente se deba a esa mínima de no basarse en ningún género ya existente. Y lo interesante es que lo que hicieron es mostrar los trabajos en público, de modo que éste fuese el encargado de catalogarlo como arte, así como diferenciar una creación humana de una artificial.

    Para este cara a cara (con trampa) escogieron obras abstractas expresionistas (creadas entre 1945 y 2017) y otro set de obras que se mostraron en el Art Basel 2016, buscando trabajos que destacasen en creatividad (siendo éste un evento de referencia en el arte contemporáneo), frente a las creadas por los sistemas artificiales. A los sujetos se les preguntó si pensaban que las obras habían sido creadas por un ser humano o por una máquina, qué nota le pondrían (por gusto) o si daban la impresión de corresponder a un artista novel o a uno con experiencia.

    Lo que vieron es que se le daba más nota a las imágenes generadas por CAN que a las del Art Basel (aunque reñido, 53% frente a un 42%), aunque enfrentando las de CAN al conjunto de obras humanas éste quedaba un 9% por debajo (53% versus 62%).

    Unlike La selección de obras creadas por la AI que menos gustó.
    ¿Pero entonces lo que crea una AI es arte? Según sus experimentos, estos investigadores así lo consideran

    ¿Pero entonces lo que crea una AI es arte? Con el fin de determinar esto realizaron otro test preguntando por la intencionalidad en la creación, si se veía una estructura, una inspiración o si sentían que la obra se comunicaba con ellos. Según los resultados, explican que los sujetos encontraron las imágenes generadas por CAN "intencionales, visualmente estructuradas, comunicativas e inspiradoras", con lo que creen que pueden considerarse arte.

    Ante ojos ignorantes en este campo, la verdad es que las muestras que vemos pueden ser asumidas perfectamente como la creación de un ser humano. Eso sí, esta vez no tienen ese factor espeluznante como los retratos artificiales que seguían nuestro cursor que veíamos la semana pasada.

    Información e imágenes | Arxiv, Freepik
    En Xataka | Este algoritmo imita el estilo de los pintores más famosos y lo aplica a cualquier foto

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    La noticia Estas obras de arte han sido creadas por una doble red neuronal y logran gustar más que las pintadas por humanos fue publicada originalmente en Xataka por Anna Martí .


              Tunguska: la explosión de 12 megatones que nos recuerda que el espacio está lleno de maravillas, pero también de horrores   

    Snip 20170630144919

    El 30 de junio de 1908 una explosión del tamaño de una bomba H destruyó millones de árboles en decenas de kilómetros a la redonda. Así entró Tunguska, una remota región siberiana, en los libros de historia.

    La explosión fue tan salvaje que se llegó a hablar de antimateria en 1965 o incluso de un diminuto agujero negro en 1973 . Pero esas no son, ni de lejos, las explicaciones más "interesantes". Se ha hablado de ovnis estrellándose por accidente o, atención, de una prueba de concepto del famoso "rayo de la muerte" de Nikola Tesla.

    ¿Qué pasó en Tunguska?

    Tunguska Event Fallen Trees

    Sin embargo, la realidad es mucho más prosaica y, hoy por hoy, los científicos discuten si se trataba de un asteroide pequeño o del fragmento de un cometa. Porque ni en 1921 (cuando se envió la primera expedición al lugar), ni en ninguna de las expediciones posteriores se ha encontrado algo parecido a un cráter.

    ¿Cómo sabemos entonces que ocurrió algo en Tunguska esa mañana de junio? Pues porque se enteró todo el mundo: los sismógrafos de toda Asia y toda Europa captaron la explosión; el Observatorio de Greenwich captó variaciones en la presión atmosférica por la cantidad de aire puesto en circulación; y, para rematar, el polvo en suspensión hizo que en el norte de Eurasia la noche fuera tan brillantes que parecía de día.

    Es decir, algo pasó en aquellas deshabitadas tierras del Óblast de Irkutsk, de eso no hay duda. La teoría más aceptada es que ese pequeño meteorito originó una explosión termonuclear a unos 8 kilómetros de altitud y con una potencia de 12 megatones. Todo lo de después fue muerte y destrucción.

    ¿Podría repetirse?

    La respuesta corta es sí. De hecho eventos como el del Mediterráneo Oriental, el de Vitim o incluso el de Cheliábinsk muestran que es posible que se repita. La respuesta larga es que se trata de algo poco probable. No sólo porque este tipo de eventos sean ya de por sí algo bastante raro, sino porque (como en todos estos casos) cuando se producen, se suelen dar en zonas despobladas.

    No es casualidad: la inmensa mayoría de la superficie de la Tierra está despoblada. No obstante, no debemos bajar la guardia. Hace un par de años, la gente de Microsiervos rescataba un texto de Arthur C. Clarke donde imaginaba qué pasaría si Tunguska ocurría en el corazón de Europa:

    A las 9.46 (meridiano Greenwich) de la mañana del 11 de septiembre, en el verano excepcionalmente hermoso del año 2077, la mayor parte de los habitantes de Europa vieron aparecer en el cielo oriental una deslumbrante bola ígnea. En cuestión de segundos se tornó más brillante que el Sol y al desplazarse en el cielo -al principio en completo silencio– iba dejando detrás una ondulante columna de polvo y humo.

    En algún punto sobre Austria comenzó a desintegrarse produciendo una serie de explosiones, tan violentas que más de un millón de personas quedaron con los oídos dañados para siempre. Fueron las afortunadas.

    Desplazándose a cincuenta kilómetros por segundo, un millón de toneladas de roca y metal cayó sobre las llanuras del norte de Italia y destruyó con una llamarada de segundos la labor de siglos. Las ciudades de Padua y Verona fueron barridas de la faz de la Tierra; y las últimas glorias de Venecia se hundieron para siempre en el mar cuando las aguas del Adriático avanzaron atronadoras hacia tierra después de aquel golpe fulminante venido del cielo.

    Seiscientas mil personas murieron, y el daño material se calculó en más de un trillón de dólares

    Feliz día del Asteroide

    Cita con Rama se publicó en 1973 y es, evidentemente, pura ficción. Sin embargo, el relato es sugestivo: la capacidad del espacio exterior para comprometer la vida en este planeta es tan cierta como lo eran, hace 66 millones de años, los dinosaurios.

    Por eso cada año, el 30 de junio se celebra el Día del Asteroide con la intención de crear conciencia sobre este problema y debatir sobre las posibilidades que tenemos para proteger a la Tierra. Desde este año, además, está reconocido por la ONU.

    El espacio es un lugar maravilloso, pero, como la noche, también es oscuro y alberga horrores. No está de más recordarlo, al menos una vez al año.

    Imágenes | Jay Huang

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    La noticia Tunguska: la explosión de 12 megatones que nos recuerda que el espacio está lleno de maravillas, pero también de horrores fue publicada originalmente en Xataka por Javier Jiménez .


              Comentário sobre Obrigado ou Obrigada, qual o certo? por Rosangela   
    Parabéns pelo esclarecimento tão oportuno! Uma das respostas ao "Obrigado" que eu sempre uso, mas já vi muita gente dizer que está errada (embora eu não concorde), é: "Obrigada (ou, se for um homem, obrigado) a você", pois o sentido é: "[Eu é que estou] obrigada(o) a você". Quanto à pergunta do Rafael, fiz uma busca rápida e verifiquei que José de Alencar já empregava a forma "obrigada" em seus escritos, portanto, a conclusão é que mão é algo de décadas recentes. Está aqui o exemplo: "CLARINHA - Muito obrigada!... Não esperava tanto da sua amabilidade. (Afasta-se.)" http://www.dominiopublico.gov.br/download/texto/bi000165.pdf
              SpeedNews Aircraft & Engines Marketplace   

    View the SpeedNews Aircraft & Engines Marketplace chart in PDF format.


              U.S. Airlines Seasonally-Adjusted Monthly Load Factor   

    View the U.S. Airlines Seasonally-Adjusted Monthly Load Factor chart in PDF format.


              Comentário sobre Ingressos para Machu Picchu: Vale a pena comprar antecipado? por Katherine Medeiros   
    Olá! De acordo com este documento que encontrei no site oficial da compra de ingressos, o mesmo que fala sobre as mudanças nos horários, TODOS os visitantes de primeira vez deverão ser acompanhados de guias turísticos. 😨 Isso está descrito no oitavo ponto do documento: http://www.machupicchu.gob.pe/files/MEDIDAS_COMPLEMENTARIAS_REGLAMENTO_LLAQTA_MACHUPICCHU.pdf Hoje já é assim? Se não, alguém teria mais informações desse ponto? Não consegui encontrar em nenhuma agência online, a opção e preços para contratação de um guia apenas para subir em Machu Picchu! Como pretendo fazer toda a compra e roteiro por conta, gostaria muito de ter uma ideia de preço para um guia assim, para eu colocar em meu orçamento. Alguém já fez dessa forma e saberia me dizer? Muito obrigada! 🙂
              A Father's Vision - Part 3   

    Sunday June 25, 2017 10 A.M. Message from Life Church Boston

    Sermon Notes

    Continuing Michael Dixon's series, Rocklyn Clarke teaches about the importance of catching the Father's vision for us: Daniel 12:1-5; Exodus 34:29-35; Psalm 8; 2 Corinthians 3:7-18; Romans 8:18-27


              U.S. Exporters Poised to Capitalize on Global Demand for Smart Grid Products and Services   
    Led by the Departments of Commerce and Energy, U.S. government agencies are helping American clean energy companies export their renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies to foreign markets.

    The following is a cross-post from Tradeology, the official blog of the International Trade Administration

    By Vickie Gunderson, Smart Grid Analyst

    The average number of Internet-connected devices per household is expected to increase five-fold by 2022, leading to potentially over 50 billion connected devices by 2025.  As more devices are connected to the Internet– in our homes, offices, and manufacturing facilities – it is becoming increasing more critical that people have access to reliable, secure, affordable, and clean electricity to power them.  And U.S. firms that provide the products and services to meet these grid modernization needs are seeing increased global interest.

    Earlier this year, we released an Update to the 2016 Smart Grid Top Markets Report. These articles offer detailed analysis of the near-term growth potential for U.S. exporters of smart grid products and services overall and for three sub-sectors:  transmission and distribution (T&D) equipment, smart grid information communications technologies (ICT), and energy storage.  The Update expanded the number of ranked international markets for U.S. exporters from 34 to 50 markets and ranks them according to opportunities.

    Across the suite of sub-sectors, U.S. exporters remain global leaders. Deployment of these advanced technologies across the United States to modernize our grid is serving as a global test bed for these disruptive technologies. Nowhere is this more apparent than for energy storage systems.

    Today, the United States is one of the global leaders in deployment of energy storage with more than 200 battery projects totally over 400 MW added to the system and remains the world leader for testing innovative policy, regulatory, and business models. However, projects are being deployed across the globe with global deployment of energy storage expected to increase seven fold over the next five years.  This presents a key export opportunity for U.S. manufacturers and service providers.

    Over the last eight years, the costs of grid-scale battery energy storage has decreased ten fold. These types of cost reductions are driving the deployment of a wide range of energy storage systems in the United States and around the globe and enabling electric utilities to store electrons (electricity) to provide power when it is needed and help steady the 24/7 need to balance the generation and the demand for electricity.

    As a result, the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (TPCC-REEE), and the U.S. Departments of Commerce and Energy are leading an interagency effort to enhance services and programs to support U.S. competiveness in a range of sub-sectors across this diverse industry – including for energy storage.

    In the  2016 Smart Grid Top Markets report, the Department of Commerce included dedicated analysis on energy storage to increase market intelligence for U.S. exporters, and our January 2017 Update included the first sub-sector rankings for energy storage exporters. Additionally, at DistribuTECH 2017, under the International Buyer Program, the Department of Commerce led delegations totaling more than 400 foreign buyers to facilitate meetings with U.S. energy storage and smart grid companies, as well as interact with U.S. utilities who have successfully deployed these products domestically.

    Further recognizing the link between technology deployment and regulatory barriers, we have engaged in a series of market-specific activities. At the third U.S.-India Smart Grid Workshop in New Delhi,I participated in public-private discussions on the challenges to smart grid technology deployment in India. We also held discussions on communications networks for electric utilities in Brazil under our partnership with the Utilities Technologies Council through our Market Development Cooperator Program, and later this year (October 31-November 2), we will be leading a delegation of U.S. firms to Toronto and Calgary for the Renewable Energy Integration Trade Mission.

    And this is just the beginning! Stay tuned for upcoming events related to global smart grid opportunities, and a full update to the Smart Grid Top Market Report later this fall. Sign up for our Global Energy Team newsletter to stay in the know!


              News Coverage   

    The EU -Africa Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development took place last week, November 22-23. I check Google News headlines daily because, for whatever reason, I think (or rather used to think) that it was relatively un-biased and represented the "most important," "need to know" stories, but over the past week I noticed nothing on this conference, which seems like a pretty big deal. Rather, I learned of the conference by way of allAfrica, where it made the front page on November 24th, right under the stories about Rwanda's decision to cut ties with France (more recent story). I wondered, what's up with Google? Have they become just like every other cotton candy news source? So, I Googled "Google News biased" (ironic? maybe), and found this from the USC (that's the University of Southern California, not South Carolina; it has been argued that the University of South Carolina is the original USC because it was established 75 years earlier than the University of Southern California, however I argue that the University of Southern California is the real USC because it aquired the web domain before South Carolina) Annenberg Center for Communication Online Journalism Review. Turns out that Google's algorithms are causing the bias. In trying to be un-biased by using algorithms, Google News is actually perpetuating a bias in news. Hmmm... I guess I'll have to look somewhere else for my news, maybe allAfrica. But wait, what's this? allAfrica is biased? Yup, from my Google search of "Google News biased," I found this, "It's not all Africa @ allAfrica.com." Can good news be found anywhere?


    Last night I happened across a television channel, LinkTV, while scanning the tube for something to dull my mind for a bit, to take a break from staring at my computer screen and writing. Scrolling through the channels, I stopped at what looked like a music video, a group of black men singing into the camera. I stopped because rather than being set in the streets of New York, LA, St. Louis, Atlanta, etc, the setting looked like a West African village. I was confused. My first thought was that this was some sort of statement being made by a US hip hop/rap group, deliberately choosing, or creating, an "African" setting, but then I realized the men were not singing in English, I couldn't even recognize the language in which they were singing. By now I had figured out that this was a music video coming out of, that is produced in, Africa, but I was still confused because I couldn't figure out what place it had on the television set in my boyfriend's apartment in Irvine (Orange County), California; he doesn't subscribe to any special networks or packages, just the basic cable that all graduate student residents get with their rent. By this point my boyfriend was also glued to the tv, we kept asking each other, "What is this?" not because we didn't know what it was, but because we didn't know what it was doing in our living room without our solicitation of it. It turned out to be a video from Senegal. We watched a few others, another from Senegal, and one (or two?) from Mali, before a bumper popped up declaring the channel we were watching as, "LinkTV: Television Without Borders." We both expected a commercial and got up to leave the room, but no commercial came, instead an announcement, next up was a program that profiled Chinese restaurants across the world, this installment would be on Turkey
    (the country), we sat back down and watched the whole thing all the way through, uninterupted, it was wonderful.


    The bumper popped up again, we opened our laptops and googled "LinkTV." There we found out that LinkTV is a channel available via satellite (Wikipedia claims that it reaches 1 in 4 homes in the US), never runs commercials, and is funded by individual and organizational donations. We also found and watched, MOSAIC:World news from the Middle East. The first segment was on the recent increase of violence in Iraq. The tone was similar to that of BBC or CNN, and the segments began as would any FOX or CBS local or national news program, reporting the statistics, how many dead, where, who, by whom, but the video clips were much more extended, and showed more violence, more suffering, more women and children, less men with guns, and something I have never seen on the major network or cable news shows, refugees.


    Back to the EU-Africa Conference and allAfrica . . . after reading the articles listed under the Conference headline on allAfrica, the only one I found to be intriguing was this one, "Senegal: 'Mankind is Like This - One Wants to Get Ahead'", which wasn't even directly related to the conference. I liked this article because it addressed migration on a personal level, telling the story of a man trying to migrate from Senegal to the Canary Islands. The story and the man addressed migration as a cultural practice, the other articles took the same, tired stance on Africa, migration, aid and development, even the conference notes did not mention the cultural significance of migration, rather contextualizing it in terms of aid and development from Europe and the US.


    Like this blog post, African migration is a process, an activity (as you can probably tell, I really like this concept of activity), that should be analyzed by standing back and looking at the whole picture, while taking the time to zoom into particular practices. This approach produces the potential to recognize grand patterns and contextualize them appropriately, and conversely to recognize specific cases and pattern and contextualize them appropriately. Until then, such conferences and programs on migration, development, aid, etc will continue to target the symptoms, and then only to eradicate or alleviate, rather than accommodate them, not the causes of such "problems."


              Visual Research Conference Day 1   
    After some bad accident-related traffic on Hwy 17, I made it to the Convention Center just 15 minutes after 9 am. Presentations had not yet started, so that worked out well for me. Jonathan Marion gave his presentation on Salsa Dancing, then I gave mine on body piercing. I got good reviews, including a wonderful complement from Richard Werbner, "Brilliant photography." Had a good lunch: -$8, good dinner: -$22, got my car from the parking garage: -$18, and gave a ride to a new friend:+$9. That puts me $9 over my $30 departmental per diem. Ha! Yeah . . . I'm brown bagging it tomorrow, but it's alright because my Grandma Dottie will be making it, and everything she makes is good. [Note: My Grandma Dottie is not dead. She is also not really my grandmother, just a really nice lady who has taken care of me since I was 2 years old.] I've gotta get to bed, have another early and long day tomorrow. PEACE!
              RESEARCH SUPPORT SPECIALIST(ONRS GRANT DEVELOPER)   

    Department: Nursing Administration & General

    Salary: $40,805.00 - $54,331.00

    Advertising Ends On: 07/12/2017

    Job Duties:

    About The University of Iowa College of Nursing:



    As a leader in nursing education, research, and practice innovations, the UI College of Nursing has received national recognition by U.S. News & World Report ranking several UI College of Nursing graduate programs in the top 15 in the nation in comparison to all public and private schools. External funding is robust, and in 2015, The College of Nursing ranked 20th in the nation in NIH funding.



    The UI College of Nursing (CON) is committed to promoting diversity and inclusion in achieving our education, research, service and practice missions. The College of Nursing’s commitment to diversity is a shared value as demonstrated through our Pillars of Diversity.



    Position Summary



    The Grant Developer is responsible to coordinate the preparation and submission of grant proposals for the Office of Nursing Research and Scholarship (ONRS), College of Nursing, and provide operational/administrative effort in support of research spaces and research programming activities of the ONRS. Characteristic responsibilities include:



    College Grant Responsibilities



    Coordinate preparation and submission of grant proposals from the CON:




    • Collect and maintain files on required grant forms and proposal components;

    • Maintain and update ‘boilerplate’ information for applications;

    • Locate sponsor guidelines for proposal submissions and create, distribute and update proposal templates to assist with grant writing and biosketch creation;

    • Draft grant budgets in partnership with the ONRS Budget Specialist;

    • Liaise with external funding agencies when necessary to ensure that final proposal submissions are compliant with sponsor’s guidelines.



    Provide CON information to other departments for interdepartmental grants applications.



    Assist faculty and students with preparation and submission of institutional and individual research fellowship applications. 



    Operational/Administrative Support of Research



    Oversee and monitor ONRS operational accounts, including reconciling accounts each month, analyzing, monitoring and reporting financial data as needed and initiating and/or approving financial transactions.



    Provide support for ONRS programming activities such as grant writing workshops and research forums, Young Scientist Program, collegiate Scholarly Interest Groups, and Junior Science Symposium.



    Organize collegiate presence at Midwest Nursing Research Society (MNRS) annual meeting, staff the College of Nursing exhibit booth during conference, and coordinate student transportation and travel arrangements to the conference.



    Facilitate the Graduate Research Assistant application and assignment process.



    Maintain/support research space including but not limited to ensuring inventory lists of equipment are updated and adhere to appropriate data storage, exposure control and hazardous waste disposal procedures.



     



    Please assure that your application/resume and/or cover letter illustrates the work experience, knowledge, skills and abilities you have that meet each of the required qualifications.



    References:  Five professional references will be requested and required at a later step in the recruitment process. 

    Applicant Credentials are Subject to Verification
    Background checks(criminal history, child/dependent adult sexual abuse) will be conducted on final candidates for all positions in UI Hospitals and Clinics. Background checks may also be conducted for other positions.


    IOWA CITY, IA 52240
              Comment on Stiefel-Whitney cycles as intersections by Anonymous   
    The notes http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/euler.pdf use Kreck's derivation of the Chern and Stiefel-Whitney classes from the Euler class to prove the (well-known) identification of the mod 2 reduction of a complex vector bundle with the Stiefel-Whitney classes of the underlying real vector bundle.
              Know Your Friends   


    July has offered us many interesting guests. I'm hoping for a relatively quiet August and time to update this blog.

    For now, I just wanted to share a chart that I found on identifying beneficial insects in their various stages of life. Often, what looks like a frighteningly nasty little bugger is really a teenage version of an insect ally.


              January Challenge -- Seeds of Change   

    As I mentioned in my previous post, I’m hoping to offer, every month, a suggestion of a small change we can all make to help conserve resources and green our corner of the planet. Often we will find that these same changes in our lives will help us conserve our own financial resources as well, which is an added bonus.

    This month’s challenge was an obvious choice for me, as it was my own challenge to myself – ordering seeds to start this year’s garden. My husband also wants to join in the gardening in 2008. Like any new gardener, his aspirations are high. I have done my best to talk him down to starting small, with easy crops, so that he can get a few successes under his belt before he tackles more challenging crops. I also encouraged him to choose plants that will be successful in our short and often relatively cool growing season. Perhaps the most important lesson a gardener can learn is to grow those plants that suit one’s local conditions best. Otherwise gardening may become more of a disappointment than a delight.

    Based upon my discussions with my own eager new gardener, I thought it would be helpful to outline a list of vegetable crops that most beginners, will have a good chance at growing well. For a brief outline on how to get a garden established, you may want to read the following article from the University of British Columbia. Even those of you living without a yard can join in the fun, as all of the suggestions below will also grow contentedly in containers. For a primer on container vegetable garden, you may want to read the following PDF from Iowa State University extension.

    Need further incentive for this challenge? Salad greens and lettuce are extremely easy to grow and require only relatively shallow containers for those who don’t have garden space. As with all vegetables, green leafy vegetables are most nutritious when eaten shortly after harvesting. Yet how many of us are accustomed to purchasing our salad greens in those dreaded plastic containers that have flown in from California and then sat on the grocery shelves? Some of those same greens are fairly tolerant of extreme weather and can be grown early in the spring as well as well into late fall or early winter without added protection in some northern climates. With protection you may find yourself with fresh greens well into winter, even in harsher climes. Since salad crops grown in California are absorbing rocket fuel – which is disruptive to the human thyroid – you might also find your self-sown salads leave you feeling healthier and with a bit more energy. Bag the rocket fuel and grow your own rocket (more commonly known as arugula), which is a wonderful addition to any salad and has all the health benefits of the broccoli clan – technically it is a cruciferous vegetable and not a lettuce crop.

    What many new gardeners are surprised to learn is that not all traditional vegetable crops grow well during the summer months. In fact, it seems that most of the easiest to grow crops thrive during the cooler months of spring and fall. The advantage of this is clear – your time and labor will be spread out fairly uniformly over the entire growing season. You will find yourself capable of growing a few crops in the spring, several different ones in the summer, and then be able to either repeat some spring crops in the fall or grow something completely different that will tide you over until winter encroaches. And speaking of winter, one gentleman has a fairly simple plan for extending his harvest well into the leaner months.

    You will notice some of my links suggest using more conventional growing techniques. I recommend substituting organic methods.

    Herbs are also easy to grow, especially mint, oregano, garlic, and Italian parsley. Some herbs will attract beneficial insects and all of them will save you a bundle at the grocery store.

    Now for the cast of characters (this list is by no means exhaustive):

    BEANS
    When: warm season
    Where: full sun; well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter*
    How: in garden, or in a container at least 16” deep
    Why: high in antioxidants, as well as a good source of iron, zinc, and protein for vegetarians and vegans

    BROCCOLI
    When: cool season crop (spring/fall)
    Where: full sun; well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter*
    How: in garden, or at least a 2 gallon (10” wide) container
    Why: nutritional superstar, high in vitamins A, C, D, and also a good source of calcium

    CARROTS
    When: cool season crop (spring/fall)
    Where: full sun; deep, loose, well-drained soil with plenty of nutrients
    How: in garden, or at least a 2 gallon (10” wide) container
    Why: antioxidants and carotenes

    LETTUCE/GREENS
    When: cool season crop (spring/fall)
    Where: nearly any soil, but well-drained with plenty of organic matter* is best
    How: in garden, or at least a 6” deep container
    Why: good source of vitamins A, C, K; folate, manganese, chromium, and fiber

    POTATOES
    When: warm season
    Where: full sun; light, loose, well-drained soil with organic matter* added during previous growing season
    How: in garden, or in containers at least 16” deep
    Why: high in potassium, high in vitamin B6 which is necessary for building the nervous system and may alleviate morning sickness in pregnant women

    PUMPKINS
    When: warm season
    Where: soil with abundant nutrients and organic matter*
    How: in garden, or in containers at least 16” deep
    Why: good source of vitamin C, beta carotene and potassium

    RADISHES
    When: cool season (spring/fall)
    Where: loose soil with plenty of organic matter*
    How: in garden, or in at least a 2 gallon (10” wide) container
    Why: moderately high in vitamin C and K, also has anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties and is beneficial to cold and flu symptoms


    * Organic matter is best added to the garden in the form of finished compost

              Updated Wiki: PdfSearch   

    PDF Search


    This component will enable PDF searches in a farm, without having to follow a lot of instructions.

    Installation


    Adobe Acrobat Reader 9.1 must be downloaded, as it can not be hosted.
    Download the version without the bloat.
    http://ardownload.adobe.com/pub/adobe/reader/win/9.x/9.1/enu/AdbeRdr910enUS.exe

    Copy the download to C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\adobereader.exe (must be named this for the feature to find it)
    cd "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\BIN\"
    stsadm.exe -o addsolution -filename components2.pdfsearch.wsp
    stsadm.exe -o deploysolution -name components2.pdfsearch.wsp -local -allowgacdeployment

    Explanation


    The feature receiver, on deployment to the farm, will:
    • install the ifilter
    • set the registry and path variables so that the ifilter will work
    • restart the search and iis services
    • install and add the pdf icon to the required locations
    • add the pdf extension to all farm SSPs
    • start a full crawl on all content sources with "auto" in the name

    Future Developments


    None identified

    Links



              ASEAN should stop "passing the buck" on Burma   
    This is a Oct 2007 report from ALTSEAN-Burma. You can either download it here or carry on reading,

    ASEAN should Stop Passing the Buck on Burma
    Get your own at Scribd or explore others: Politics Campaigns and Electi Burma

              UNESCO launches book on protecting journalists and combatting impunity   

    news_290617_attack_on_one.jpg

    Lars Schmidt (IMS photojournalism trainer)
    Photo courtesy of International Media Support
    30 June 2017

    Although attacks on journalists continue unabated, there are examples of successful grassroots and global efforts to stem this tide.

    This was the key message by Albana Shala, Chairperson of the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), when she flagged the IPDC’s latest publication titled An Attack on One is an Attack on All: Successful Initiatives to Protect and Combat Impunity.

    “I’m very proud that this book serves to bring to life stories of survival and success that would otherwise remain untold,” said Shala. “These stories can help in the implementation of the UN Plan of Action.”

    One of the journalists featured in the collection of stories, Maria Ressa, head of the social-media-based Rappler in the Philippines, spoke of the fierce online abuse she had suffered, and how she had refused to be cowed into silence. 

    Speaking earlier about the book, the Netherlands ambassador to UNESCO, Lionel Veer, lauded the book’s portrayal of journalistic attacks as attacks on democracy as a whole.

    He said: “We must all be in solidarity with journalists who are endangered as a result of their profession. That’s why successful projects on protecting journalists need to be celebrated.”

    The book launch took place amidst a gathering of over 100 participants during the Multistakeholder Consultation on Strengthening the Implementation of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity held on 29 June in Geneva.

    The gathering included UN special rapporteurs on various aspects of freedom of expression, UNESCO and OHCHR Member States, professional associations, media, academia and other key non-UN actors.

    The book brings alive 22 stories of courageous efforts at protecting journalists and putting a stop to the prevailing culture of impunity.

     

    Contact:

    Fackson Banda (f.banda@unesco.org)


              Giving a voice to civil society in Education 2030    

    For Camilla Croso, civil society’s active engagement at the global level should always be rooted in national activities.

    As President of the Global Campaign for Education, Ms Croso has been involved in various discussions, debates and mechanisms on education, carrying civil society’s voice to the highest levels. She sat down with UNESCO to give an overview of the role civil society plays in the new global education architecture and the challenges ahead.

    Education 2030 calls for the involvement of all stakeholders in the planning, implementation and monitoring of education policies and strategies. How can civil society strengthen good governance in education?

    Advocating for democratic governance in education is a core priority for civil society. Although there seems to be a consensus that Civil Society Organizations’ (CSO) active participation- including that of teacher and student-led organizations- in debate, policy-making and monitoring is of fundamental importance, in practice this is still far from a reality. While we can observe progress at the international, and to some extent regional level, it is at the national level that progress most lags behind, with teachers and students’ organizations more often than not lacking space to express their opinions.

    The Education 2030 Framework for Action  encourages governments to ensure the existence of institutionalized spaces and processes for education policy dialogue, decision-making and monitoring. This ensures that legal and policy frameworks, as well as practices reflect the overall orientation of the people, of collective actors and different education stakeholders. 

    You are very involved at the global and UN level. How do you think civil society can influence the implementation of SDG4 at this level. In your view, what role can civil society play regarding holding stakeholders accountable at global level?

    CSOs must participate actively in the global spaces that are in place, but always be sure that this action is rooted at the national level. Their role should be to both take national perspectives to the global level but also to take the global perspectives to the national level to follow up on commitments and recommendations. This constant flux between the different levels leverages CSO actions and impacts. In this sense, they must seek to engage in the development of national voluntary reports, or carry out ‘spotlight’ reports that shed light onto crucial issues for example.

    At the global level, important Sustainable Development Goals follow-up and accountability mechanisms have been established that allow for State monitoring implementation of the whole SDGs set. Regarding SDG4 in particular, we have the architecture revolving around the Education 2030 Framework for Action, composed of a Steering Committee, in which civil society has permanent representation, Global Education Meetings and a Global Education Monitoring Report to keep track of progress, identify bottlenecks and tackle them. Very recently, an Education and Academia Stakeholder Group (EASG) has been established, which allows education CSOs and academia, to engage in these follow-up and monitoring processes.

    Also, CSOs  should advocate for an increased effort to establish inter-sectorial dialogue in the coming years. Inter-sectorial dialogue is of crucial importance because there are issues in the 2030 Agenda that crosscut the different sectors and which must be tackled collectively.

    Financing is one of the major issue regarding education. How can civil society ensure that financial resources are being used efficiently and equitably and reaching the most vulnerable populations and the least developed countries?

    Resources to education should be constitutionally protected and earmarked, with countries committing towards allocating at least 6% of GDP to education and ensuring that levels are maintained even during moments of crisis.

    In poorer countries, and in countries that still face significant challenges in access, quality and equity, an even greater sum may be necessary, as studies in Brazil and El Salvador have shown.

    CSOs play an important role not only in advocating for appropriate levels of education investment, be it at the executive or the legislative spheres, but also in promoting debate, information-sharing, awareness-raising and capacity-building among citizens. This includes action around the entire budgetary cycle, from its definition, to its approval and execution.  Financial data must be made publicly available in a transparent and timely manner to inform debates and decision-making processes. This is critical for ensuring budgets promote equity and reach the most excluded groups. . Hand in hand with advocating towards increased levels of domestic financing for education, CSOs must engage with tax justice networks and campaigns, working in alliance and within an inter-sectorial perspective.

    At the global level, CSOs must engage more in pushing for global taxation mechanisms and bodies, as has been previously attempted during the Financing for Development Conference and during the 2016 Global Action Week for Education, as a key mechanism for SDG financing.

    Education is an enabling right, promoter of social, economic, human, and environmental development. It is critical for social cohesion and resilience.

    The Global Campaign for Education is a civil society movement created in 1999. It is comprised of a huge variety of national, regional and international civil society organizations, teachers’ unions and child rights campaigners that aim to end the global education crisis. It is one of civil society representatives to the SDG – Education 2030 Steering Committee.

    The civil society movement is a member of the Global SDG-Education 2030 Steering Committee, which convened on 29-30 June 2017 in New York. 


              An attack on one is an attack on all   

    news_290617_attack_on_one.jpg

    Lars Schmidt (IMS photojournalism trainer)
    Photo courtesy of International Media Support
    29 June 2017

    On 29 June, UNESCO is releasing its new publication An attack on one is an attack on all, on the occasion of the Multi-Stakeholder Consultation meeting on Strengthening the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, to take place in Geneva.

    Authored by Larry Kilman, this publication looks at the innovative, successful ways in which media companies, individual journalists and civil society organizations are coming together to improve journalist safety and end impunity – and working successfully with governments in some cases.

    While states have primary responsibility to protect journalists and prosecute those who attack them, there is a lot that media and civil society can and are doing as well.

    The report is a rich selection of the kinds of work that is being done in this domain. “It is not full of statistics and data. It is, instead, a collection of stories, told in the words of the motivated people who are dedicated to protecting courageous journalists with pro-active measures to make them safer”, says Kilman. “It is written in the hope of inspiring others to support these efforts, perhaps duplicate them, and to raise awareness of the importance of this work”, he adds.

    Published by UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), this work will contribute to promoting the safety of journalists, one of IPDC's current priorities for project support. The IPDC Programme operates a unique UN-mandated system to monitor killings of media professionals and impunity levels.

    More than 120 journalists and other media workers were killed worldwide in 2016 in relation to their work and more than 800 journalists have been killed in the past decade”, says Guy Berger, Director of UNESCO’s Division for Freedom of Expression and Media Development.  Very few of the cases have ever been resolved. Many more journalists undergo harassment, physical attacks, jail and censorship. The culture of impunity is intimidating many others into exile or silence.

    Keeping journalists safe can be an expensive proposition. Unfortunately, these threats are coming at a time when news media, particularly newspapers, are undergoing extreme disruption to their business models, reducing revenues at a time when even greater resources are needed.

    To deal with these circumstances, new alliances and cooperative efforts are emerging. Media actors and civil society organizations are contributing more and more to safety work. And new ideas are coming from those who have suffered loss of colleagues and from those motivated by the need to protect journalism as a societal good. 

    This report recounts 22 good practices. It compiles the stories of local people and organizations who are fighting to protect the safety of journalists at the local level.


              The US fertility rate just hit a record-low — and it could signal a 'demographic time bomb'   

    Newborn baby at hospital

    After years of consistent decline, new data reveal the US fertility rate has hit a record low, according to the Centers for Disease Control.

    Provisional 2016 data showed a 1% decline from the year prior. That brings the general fertility rate among women 15 to 44 to 62.0 births per 1,000 women.

    Experts in demographic trends fear the falling rate could signal the beginning of larger economic woes for the US.

    In many industrialized countries around the world, the male-dominated labor force is shifting to become more egalitarian. As more members of both sexes choose to prioritize their careers over their personal lives, family planning is taking a backseat.

    In the most extreme cases, such as in the so-called "demographic time bomb" that has formed in Japan, populations have actually started declining. Economists have forecasted this demographic time bomb — a way of referring to the vicious cycle of low fertility and economic downturn — could spread in 20 years' time to other countries that have similar demographics as  Japan in the late 1990s.

    They call it the "Japanization" of the global economy.

    US population growth has followed a similar, albeit less extreme, trajectory. Millennials are increasingly choosing to forgo parenting in an effort to move up in their careers, pay off their massive student debt, and gain financial independence from their parents.

    The US case is notable, however, when it comes to its lack of federal parental leave policies. There are only three other countries on Earth that do not offer employees paid time off on a national level. Research has found this factors into low fertility because poor work-life balance forces couples to choose between having kids or pursuing careers. They can't do both.

    For that reason, demographers often encourage world leaders to enact more family-friendly policies if they want to boost fertility rates. 

    "The countries that have been most successful at adjusting for a dual role for women, both as mothers and as professionals or at least workers, interestingly end up with more of both," Richard Jackson, president of the nonprofit research group Global Aging Institute, told Business Insider in 2016. " They end up with higher fertility rates and more working women."

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: A fascinating new science experiment proves that we can grow babies outside of their mother's womb


              It looks like we know the names of Beyoncé and Jay-Z's twins   

    Jay-Z and Beyonce

    The INSIDER Summary:

    • Beyoncé gave birth to twins this June.
    • The names of the boy and girl may be Sir and Rumi.
    • TMZ reports trademark applications were filed for the two names.
    • Both applications were signed by Beyoncé's mother.


    It looks like Beyoncé and Jay-Z's twins' names may have been revealed. 

    TMZ reports Rumi and Sir Carter are the names of Beyoncé's twins. The twins' birth was first reported June 17 and confirmed the following day online by the singer's father, Matthew Knowles. 

    Beyoncé hasn't announced or confirmed the names of the twins, but TMZ spotted trademarks for the names Rumi and Sir Carter were filed earlier this week. 

    INSIDER found the trademark filings for Rumi Carter and Sir Carter. They are for cosmetics, skin care, lotions, shampoo, baby teething rings, carriages, strollers, baby bibs, tote bags, playpens for babies, bouncy chairs, and more.

    rumi carter sir carter

    Both trademark applications were signed by Beyoncé's mother, Celestine Knowles Lawson, June 26, 2017. According to the documents, each application had a fee of $4,125 — not bad to have your kids' names on a lot of baby merch.

    rumi sir carter

    A similar trademark application was filed for the couple's daughter Blue Ivy Carter, who is now five, January 22, 2016.

    You can view the application for Rumi Carter here and Sir Carter here.

    SEE ALSO: Jay-Z hints Beyoncé may have had multiple miscarriages in new album

    FOLLOW US: INSIDER is on Facebook

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: Doctors are using fish skin to treat burns


              Blog Post: Hawaii Files Emergency Motion to Clarify Scope of Trump Travel Ban 2.0   

    Hawaii Attorney General, June 29, 2017 - "This afternoon the State of Hawaii asked federal district Judge Derrick K. Watson to clarify the scope of the travel and refugee bans in Hawaii v. Trump in light of Monday’s ruling from the United States Supreme Court.

    On Monday the United States Supreme Court agreed to hear arguments later this year in appeals from two lower court decisions that had blocked certain portions of the travel and refugee bans from taking effect. The Court also made clear that the travel ban could not be enforced against foreign nationals who have a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States, including those with a “close familial relationship.” The same standard applies with respect to refugee admissions.

    In response to late guidance issued by the federal government as to how it intends to implement the bans, Hawaii’s motion asks the court to clarify that the federal government may not enforce the controversial bans against fiancés, grandparents, grandchildren, brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, and cousins of people currently living in the United States.

    Today’s motion also states that lawyers for the plaintiffs in both lawsuits, after the Supreme Court ruling, repeatedly asked the Trump administration to indicate how it intended to implement the bans. The federal government did not respond until the information was publicly posted, hours before the partial bans are set to go into effect. Attorney General Chin said, “In Hawaii, ‘close family’ includes many of the people that the federal government decided on its own to exclude from that definition. Unfortunately, this severely limited definition may be in violation of the Supreme Court ruling.”

    A copy of the motion is attached."


              Comment on DSRRAU PAT 2017 Complete Details by Riyaz Khan   
    Hello Yash, This examination was held in May-June 2017, it is already conducted https://www.getentrance.com/wp-content/uploads/BAMS-2017.pdf
              Seattle Finds Raising the Minimum Wage Was a Mistake   

    For the second time this year, a city has found that there are no quick fixes to addressing poverty and raising wages. Recently, the city of Seattle funded a study on the impact its minimum wage increase was having and concluded that it was having a negative impact on the city’s economy. As is surprising to no one who has been paying attention to the effects of the minimum wage over the past few years, it has reduced employment, economic growth, and works hours.

    In 2014, the Seattle City Council unanimously voted to raise the minimum wage to $15 with Mayor Ed Murray signing it after making it the top issue in his 2013 bid for the office. The minimum wage increase was supposed to be phased in over the next several years, depending on the industry. The study performed by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) focused on the minimum wage after it was raised to $13 in 2016.

    Ironically, the minimum wage increase seems to have hit the people it was supposed help the hardest. The average low skilled worker saw their hours cut by about 9 percent across the board. Overall, that is a reduction in 3.5 million hours per quarter for all workers in total.

    In addition, wages in these fields have actually seen a slight increase wage of about 3 percent. However, because of the hour decrease, the average person in these fields lost $125 per month, with employees of single-location Seattle businesses losing $120 million collectively that year. The raise was actually supposed to increase the amount of money the average person took in, but it instead did the exact opposite.

    This is only the most recent study in a growing body of evidence that the Seattle minimum wage hike was a mistake. Another study highlighted by the Washington Post last year found that the minimum wage increase had no positive impact on people already working and actually brought up points similar to the more recent NBER study. Another study meanwhile found that the employment in the low-wage sector had decreased by 1 percent, meaning the unemployed are being hurt the most.

    The NBER study comes only confirms what other studies have said about the minimum wage for the past several months; that the minimum does not help those it is supposed to and in fact only hurts them. This does not even go into the impact it is having on business (as restaurants in the city face decline and higher prices) so there is still much that could be addressed.

    However, the important thing is to remember that this study was in part funded by the city itself so this is a complete admittance by the city government that the policies instituted did not have the desired improvements.

    This year, the city is facing a mayoral election and the incumbent is not pursuing reelection so it may be a good idea to pick someone who can take the city in an entirely different direction if it does want to improve business and employment.


              Cronyism is Killing America   
    Cronyism Kills

    The growth of America’s government may soon be outpaced by growth of the average waistline new indicators reveal. Rates of obesity have been increasing over the past several decades, but are now reaching some incredible levels. Currently it's estimated that well over one-third of adults are classified as obese and nearly two-thirds are classified as overweight. Perhaps more distressing is the recent discovery that one in six children are suffering from obesity.

    Voices in Congress are now calling for action to take on the growing epidemic, but as usual the government’s so called solution fails to address the root of the problem.

    The Treat and Reduce Obesity Act is the latest reincarnation of a bipartisan effort to alter how the federal government handles obesity. Advocates claim that by expanding funding for weight reduction focused medication that obesity can finally be defeated.

    In actuality the bill is little more than a cash grab by pharmaceutical companies who have been lobbying Democratic leadership for years for another expansion of the deeply flawed Medicare Part D. Even if the bill is passed it will have only a marginal impact on national health and actually increase healthcare spending according to the government’s own estimates.

    So if increasing corporate welfare to politically connected pharmaceutical companies won’t defeat obesity, what will? Reducing corporate welfare to politically connected agricultural companies.

    Congress is in a committed love affairs with major agriculture corporations and has been for years. Every year, billions of dollars are funneled to major firms that produce select crops, notably corn and soy. Subsidies to corn, as it turns out, incentivize over production of the crop, which in turns leads the industry to attempt and find a use for the excess product.

    More often than not, large quantities of corn, or its byproducts, are turned into junk food with little to no nutritional value. Agricultural subsidies, in their current form, are in effect creating and fueling the obesity epidemic in America.

    The unsavory consequences of these policies have been widely studied and been made readily available to lawmakers. Leaders in other industrialized nations have taken note and are not facing the same magnitude of issues surrounding weight in their nations.

    By interfering in the market process and providing artificial incentives to create unhealthy products lawmakers are directly culpable in the rising rates of obesity and related health problems. Creating an artificial demand for low nutritional food has flooded the market with low quality products that are a major contributor to the current public health crisis. In effect Congress is choosing to prioritize corporate profits over the nation’s health.

    If Congressional leaders are serious about reducing the burgeoning rates of obesity facing the country they will abandon crony projects like the Treat And Reduce Obesity Act and go after the root of the problem. Corporate welfare and crony capitalism are literally killing Americans in mass by artificially inflating the market with unhealthy food, expanding the handouts to more industries will not solve the problem.

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              Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform is Coming to Illinois   

    On June 23rd, the Illinois General Assembly passed a major Civil Asset Forfeiture reform bill, which is currently awaiting Governor Bruce Rauner’s signature. If vetoed, the bill is still likely to be enacted since it received full support in the senate and all but one vote in the house which is more than enough for a veto override. HB 303, if passed, would effectively reform the state’s Civil Asset Forfeiture laws by shifting the burden of proof from the citizens to the government and instead increasing it “from probable cause to a preponderance of evidence.

    The bill is relates to a process known as Civil Asset Forfeiture which allows police to take property (both physical and financial) from individuals who have been accused of a crime. One does not need to be convicted of a crime to have their assets seized through this type of forfeiture, merely accused.

    Under the new bill, law enforcement will be required to make a case for why property must be seized before it can be seized. Currently, the burden of proof is put on the citizens of Illinois who are forced to make an appeal once their property is taken in order to get it back (which is costly under state law and can take a while). This can prevent innocent individuals from losing rightfully acquired and unrelated material while preventing and cutting down on fraud.

    There are of course other reforms the bill pursues that would have a positive impact as well. The bill also bars seizures under $500, eliminates the requirement that citizens pay a 10 percent “cost bond” when appealing to get their property back, increases public reporting and transparency on Civil Asset Forfeiture, and requires police to make people more aware of how the process works.

    The impacts this could have would be felt quickly and have a long ranging effect. Between 2005 to 2015, state law enforcement has taken in $319 million while federal law enforcement has taken in $404 million for a combined total of $723 million. That is a lot of property and money the people of Illinois could be getting back should the bill pass.

    Likewise, there is evidence to suggest that it could greatly help the less fortunate. According to Reason Magazine, most of the seizures in Chicago over the past five years were specifically done in low-income and/or minority neighborhoods. During that time, law enforcement seized $150 million worth of assets, including “things like flashy jewelry, flatscreen TVs, and a copy of the Call of Duty: Ghosts video game” which seems a bit over encompassing for what were supposed to be the intended goals of Civil Asset Forfeiture.

    Overall, this is a great move for the state of Illinois and could serve as a model for future reform going forward. Unsurprisingly, Civil Asset Forfeiture reform has bipartisan support from both former Attorney General Eric Holder to Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. This is exactly what is needed now and Illinois is taking a great step in the right direction. Supporting this legislation is exactly what Illinois needs and if passed it would be a monumental step in the right direction.


              Freeing Airports from Government Control   

    The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is up for reauthorization this year. Already, there have been several reform proposals, including taking air traffic control (ATC) from federal hands and turning it into a non-profit corporation.

    Another issue that could be discussed is the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). Though currently subject to caps, it might actually be a worthwhile idea to eliminate those caps and allow airports to charge them independently so that the air transportation industry does not need federal funding.

    The PFC is a charge placed directly on passengers, usually through ticket sales, that are used to help build airline infrastructure. They were initially authorized in 1990 by the federal government to replace user based airport charges after they were banned in the 1970s. It was last raised in 2000 to $4.50 to keep up with inflation, but since it has not been raised it has taken in less revenue than it would need due to that inflation.

    At the moment, they cannot go to profit based projects like parking garages and terminal areas used for concessions but instead must go to infrastructure related projects such as airside projects, terminal area projects, interest costs on airport bonds, access projects such as roadways, people movers or transit projects, noise mitigation projects, new runways and other airfield improvements, and additional gates for new and increased service.

    The PFC does not actually function as a tax since it is not collected by the federal government. Were the cap removed, it would entirely be set by the airports, collected by the airports, and used by the airports. Total control would be handled by the airports, which would reduce federal involvement in air transportation.

    Put simply, allowing airports to collect their own funds make the most economically efficient sense. Otherwise, the government is collecting funds that the airports already could have through airport taxes and handing them back. Considering they will likely be mismanaged, it would be easier to just let the airports collect the fees.

    This also would be a great way to replace the various actual taxes on passengers. At the moment, passengers are subject to various taxes, including the Domestic Passenger Ticket Tax, the Domestic Flight Segment Tax, the International Arrival and Departure Tax, and an excise tax on Kerosene for Use in Commercial Aviation. Removing the caps on PFCs would allow them to replace all these taxes for an easier and fairer system.

    Once the system is made simpler, costs will likely drop overall. No organization will know how much funds are needed to pay for better than the airports who need them so they will be better suited to adjust prices for their needs. This means that prices will not be selected arbitrarily as they would be made by congress and will be better suited to address consumer needs.

    Congress should eliminate the caps when it reauthorizes the FAA and hand control of prices back to the airports.


              ΟΙ ΚΑΛΥΤΕΡΕΣ ΤΑΙΝΙΕΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΚΙΝΗΜΑΤΟΓΡΑΦΟΥ   
    Κατά την προσωπική μου κρίση, αυτές είναι οι καλύτερες ταινίες που έχουν γυριστεί ποτέ. Μέχρι τις 15 πρώτες είναι με την σειρά προτίμησης, ξεκινώντας από την καλύτερη κατά την γνώμη μου,  το Sheltering Sky.  Ακό εκεί και πέρα είναι ταξινομημένες με τυχαία σειρά. Η λίστα συμπληρώνεται και ανανενώνεται.

              John Dubois, Palmetto Bay Vice Mayor Says Ethics Department on a WITCH HUNT. by Geniusofdespair   
    Now where have I heard that before? Let me see. anyone?

    'Witch hunt' and other top Trump Twitter phrases - MarketWatch


    We have our own local politician that appears to mirror Donald Trump: John Dubois. According to the Miami Herald today:
    County ethics investigators have released a close-out memo that says the Palmetto Bay’s vice mayor has a conflict of interest that precludes him from voting on anything involving the Palmetto Bay Village Center on Old Cutler Road — a development that has polarized the small city for months.

    The report was released by the Miami-Dade County Commission on Ethics just days before the village council is set to cast its final vote on reversing an earlier action approving the development. And despite the commission’s finding, Vice Mayor John Dubois said he’s “voting anyway” at a special meeting on Saturday.

    “This is a witch hunt. To come out with an non-binding opinion three days before the vote is the typical political game — especially when there’s lot of money at stake here,” Dubois told the Miami Herald, adding that ethics report is “simply false.”
    He had better hope it is false because the developer and his partner mentioned that John Dubois, before he was in office, tried to get 2 units from the developer at cost promising not to oppose the project (page 7 of the ethics complaint).

    Not convinced he might be a tiny tad like Donald Trump, take a look at this 2014 video that has gotten 71 views in 3 years (remember he is said to be the only one to contribute to this non-profit):



    Now you all to have to remember that the ethics commission finds very, very, very few people guilty of ethics violations. Even though John Dubois was found guilty of a violation, he still insists he will vote on the very violation he has been found guilty of.

    The Miami Herald said in a headline, "Get this vice Mayor angry and he might sue."

    In a deposition he admitted he has paid private investigators to follow county employees. When he has a beef he just won't let it go, like the Tweeter in Chief. More from the deposition (asking the question is as a county attorney, answering the question is John Dubois:

    Q Your website also says: Miami-Dade Citizens For
    14Property Rights will help you battle the dark lords of
    15Miami-Dade County government.
    16 Who are the dark lords of Miami-Dade County government?
    17Because I've looked and we don't have a title of dark lord
    18anywhere in our entire government agency.
    19 A We have one sitting in the room.
    20 Q Are you referring to me?
    21 A No, I would never call you a dark lord.
    22 Q Well, then who specifically are you referring to?
    23 A The predatory enforcement agents that work for some of
    24the county agencies, including Mr. Ricisak (was in charge of inspecting mangrove damage for the county)
    25 Q So, it's your position that Mr. Ricisak is a dark lord
    1 of Miami Dade County?
    2 A Absolutely

    As far as Citizens for Property Rights (not connected to Dubois' attorney who practices at Dubois's address), the non profit uses the Attorney's email:

    Look at the EMAIL ADDRESS
    Now look at the Email address here from Jeffrey Leary (Dubois' attorney) Bar info:



    I have to say, with all due respect, that Palmetto Bay residents that voted for him appear to be assholes.


              Re: смена тарифа   
    Теперь другой вопрос.
    Ссылка "Чтобы скачать квитанцию для оплаты, кликните на изображение ниже или пройдите по ссылке" открывает пустую страницу:
    Forbidden
    You don't have permission to access /receipts/file_282.pdf on this server.

    Статистика : Добавлено online33 • Вс, 11 авг 2013, 10:27 • Ответов 8 • Просмотров 10533



              POLÍTICA - BRASILIS Ministro do STF autoriza Aécio a retomar mandato e nega pedido de prisão. O ministro do STF (Supremo Tribunal Federal) Marco Aurélio Mello autorizou nesta sexta-feira (30) que o senador Aécio Neves (PSDB-MG) volte ao Senado e, consequentemente, volte a exercer atividades de seu mandato. A decisão tem efeito imediato.    


    Luciana Amaral
    Do UOL, em Brasília 30/06/2017 - 11h41 > Atualizada 30/06/2017 - 12h25

     
    Alan Marques/Folhapress

    Após ficar mais de um mês afastado, Aécio poderá retomar mandato no Senado

    O ministro também negou o pedido da PGR (Procuradoria-Geral da República) para que Aécio Neves fosse preso preventivamente.

    Aécio estava proibido de exercer as funções de senador desde 18 de maiopelo ministro do STF Edson Fachin e foi denunciado pela PGR no último dia 2 por corrupção passiva e obstrução de Justiça. Posteriormente, o ministroMarco Aurélio assumiu a relatoria do caso.

    Leia a íntegra do despacho de Marco Aurélio

    Na decisão, o ministro diz que, por mais que seja a hora de a Suprema Corte restabelecer o respeito à Constituição, não cabe à Corte, seja pelo plenário e, "muito menos, por ordem monocrática, afastar um parlamentar do exercício do mandato".

    Para Mello, com a medida anterior do afastamento, cria-se uma "perigosíssima" jurisprudência que afeta o equilíbrio e a independência dos Três Poderes.

    Mandato parlamentar é coisa séria e não se mexe, impunemente, em suas prerrogativas."

    Marco Aurélio Mello, ministro do STF

    Marco Aurélio Mello avalia que os delitos supostamente praticados por Aécio não estão entre os considerados como inafiançáveis, como tortura, tráfico de entorpecentes, terrorismo e crimes hediondos, por exemplo. O ministro do STF critica ainda a inexistência de um flagrante.

    "Logo, não fosse suficiente a inexistência de flagrante – o senador não foi surpreendido cometendo crime – não se teria como prendê-lo, considerada a previsão do artigo 53, § 2º, da Constituição Federal. Vale notar que o ato extremo poderia, pelo voto da maioria dos membros do Senado, ser afastado", explicou.

    Na decisão, Mello ainda suspendeu a proibição do senador ter contato com outras pessoas investigadas junto a ele, como a própria irmã, Andrea Neves, e de deixar o país.

    "No tocante ao recolhimento do passaporte, surgem ausentes elementos concretos acerca do risco de abandono do país, no que saltam aos olhos fortes elos com o Brasil", argumenta, ao citar depois a permanência da família de Aécio no Brasil e sua carreira política.

    Delação da JBS cita Aécio

    Aécio e sua irmã Andrea Neves passaram a ser investigados a partir da delação premiada de executivos da JBS.

    As investigações da Procuradoria apontam que eles teriam pedido R$ 2 milhões ao empresário Joesley Batista, um dos donos da JBS, para supostamente pagar advogados de defesa do senador.

    O diálogo em que Aécio pede o dinheiro a Joesley foi gravado secretamente pelo empresário, que fechou acordo de colaboração premiada.

    A Polícia Federal rastreou que parte desse valor foi entregue por um executivo da JBS ao primo de Aécio Frederico Pacheco de Medeiros, que repassou o dinheiro a Mendherson de Souza Lima, na época assessor do senador Zezé Perrella (PMDB-MG).

    Frederico e Mendherson também são investigados e chegaram a ser presos, mas foram postos em prisão domiciliar pela mesma decisão do STF que revogou a prisão de Andrea Neves.

    Essa investigação levou à apresentação de denúncia contra Aécio por corrução e obstrução de Justiça e à instauração de um novo inquérito contra o senador para apurar novas suspeitas de corrupção e lavagem de dinheiro, também a partir das investigações iniciadas com a delação da JBS.

    O senador tucano é investigado em outros oito inquéritos no Supremo.

    O senador Randolfe Rodrigues (PSOL-AP) entrou com representação por quebra de decoro parlamentar contra Aécio no Conselho de Ética do Senado, mas o senador João Alberto Souza (PMDB-MA), presidente do órgão,arquivou a ação "por falta de provas". A oposição recorreu do arquivamento.

    Obstrução de Justiça

    A denúncia por obstrução da Justiça contra Aécio se baseia em ligações telefônicas interceptadas pela Polícia Federal, com autorização do STF, durante as investigações.

    A PGR afirma que Aécio, por meio de uma série de contatos com o diretor-geral da PF, Leandro Daiello,"deixou clara a sua intenção de interferir" para que a investigação sobre irregularidades na licitação da Cidade Adminstrativa de Minas Gerais ficasse com "um delegado específico" na corporação. A PGR destaca que, apesar das tentativas do senador, o responsável não foi trocado.

    A denúncia da Procuradoria cita ainda o telefonema de Aécio ao ministro do STF Gilmar Mendes, "numa atitude inusual", para que convencesse o senador Flexa Ribeiro (PSDB-PA) a votar a favor do projeto de lei de abuso de autoridade. Segundo Janot, Aécio usou seu mandato "não apenas para se proteger das investigações da Operação Lava Jato, mas também para barrar o avanço do Estado na descoberta de graves crimes praticados pelas altas autoridades do país, num verdadeiro desvio de finalidade da função parlamentar."

    O que diz Aécio

    O advogado de Aécio Neves, Alberto Toron, afirmou ao UOL que o senador recebeu a notícia com "muita alegria". Segundo ele, a decisão reafirma a soberania da Constituição e a independência entre Executivo, Legislativo e Judiciário.

    No momento da divulgação da decisão, o senador estava em sua residência em Brasília. Embora a volta seja imediata, Aécio ainda avalia se irá ao Senado nesta sexta-feira por ser um dia em que a maioria dos parlamentares já voltou aos Estados de origem e não há atividades legislativas de maior relevância.

    © UOL 1996-2017


              When deciding a nation’s future, politicians play with their food   

    In the UK and abroad, the political events of the past year prove that politicians are willing to gamble with the health, prosperity, and fate of our food systems.

    One of the many things that the past year of political turmoil on both sides of the Atlantic has revealed, is that governments have a questionable relationship with food. As the UK inches towards the completion of Brexit negotiations, and the Trump administration in the US unleashes its budget proposal, a strange kind of disconnect has become apparent: those negotiating their nations’ futures seem not to recognise that a chunk of its security and prosperity depends on how well they manage its food.

    In the UK that trend became clear well before Brexit struck, when during the negotiations many pointed out a lack of meaningful discussion about what the split would actually mean for farmers. It didn’t matter enough to be a priority. Until suddenly it did--when we realised we’d have to plug the hole left behind by the European migrants that currently make up roughly 20% of the UK’s agricultural workforce, and who would exit if we ultimately back away from free movement.

    Continue reading...
              Kapha surakudineer review article    
    http://ijpsdr.com/pdf/vol7-issue5/1.pdf

              Kapha surakudineer - Analysis    
    http://www.iamj.in/current_issue/images/upload/2915_2920.pdf

                 


    Juice of Pomegranate Medical benefits

    http://www.nature.com/pr/journal/v57/n6/pdf/pr2005159a.pdf

    Go to above link for benefits 

              Serankottai nei in Adjuvant Arthritis   
    http://www.ijp-online.com/temp/IndianJPharmacol30289-7854606_214906.pdf

              EVALUATION OF HEPATOPROTECTIVE POTENTIAL OF MUPPU, A SIDDHA PREPARATION, IN RATS   
    http://phar macologyonline.silae.it/files/archives/2009/vol1/011.Asdaq.pdf 


    You will be taken to original paper by hitting the id.

              Link for Essential Drug List in Siddha    
    http://indianmedicine.nic.in/writereaddata/linkimages/2146205306-Essential%20Siddha%20Medicines%20LR.pdf



              Guidelines for Community Health Centres   
    http://health.bih.nic.in/Docs/Community-Health-Centres.pdf


    Respected  NRHM Doctors and Friends,

    the above link will take you to revised Guidelines for CHC'S

              History of Siddha medicine    
    http://growingeveryday.com/FILES/Sorted/Recipes%20for%20Immortality.pdf


    This book has some good points to ponder.

              Legal status of Traditional medicine -WHO   
    http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/pdf/h2943e/h2943e.pdf

              Новая глобальная атака шифровальщика: подробности от «Доктор Веб»   

    28 июня 2017 года

    Специалисты компании "Доктор Веб" изучают новый троянец-шифровальщик Trojan.Encoder.12544, упоминаемый в СМИ как Petya, Petya.A, ExPetya и WannaCry-2. На основании предварительного анализа вредоносной программы компания "Доктор Веб" представляет рекомендации, как избежать заражения, рассказывает, что делать, если заражение уже произошло, и раскрывает технические подробности атаки.

    Наделавший много шума червь-шифровальщик Trojan.Encoder.12544 представляет серьезную опасность для персональных компьютеров, работающих под управлением Microsoft Windows. Различные источники называют его модификацией троянца, известного под именем Petya (Trojan.Ransom.369), но Trojan.Encoder.12544 имеет с ним лишь некоторое сходство. Эта вредоносная программа проникла в информационные системы целого ряда госструктур, банков и коммерческих организаций, а также заразила ПК пользователей в нескольких странах.

    На текущий момент известно, что троянец заражает компьютеры при помощи того же набора уязвимостей, которые ранее использовались злоумышленниками для внедрения на компьютеры жертв троянца WannaCry. Массовое распространение Trojan.Encoder.12544 началось в первой половине дня 27.06.2017. При запуске на атакуемом компьютере троянец несколькими способами ищет доступные в локальной сети ПК, после чего по списку полученных IP-адресов начинает сканировать порты 445 и 139. Обнаружив в сети машины, на которых открыты эти порты, Trojan.Encoder.12544 пытается инфицировать их с использованием широко известной уязвимости в протоколе SMB (MS17-10).

    В своем теле троянец содержит 4 сжатых ресурса, 2 из которых являются 32- и 64-разрядной версиями утилиты Mimikatz, предназначенной для перехвата паролей открытых сессий в Windows. В зависимости от разрядности ОС он распаковывает соответствующую версию утилиты, сохраняет ее во временную папку, после чего запускает. При помощи утилиты Mimikatz, а также двумя другими способами Trojan.Encoder.12544 получает список локальных и доменных пользователей, авторизованных на зараженном компьютере. Затем он ищет доступные на запись сетевые папки, пытается открыть их с использованием полученных учетных данных и сохранить там свою копию. Чтобы инфицировать компьютеры, к которым ему удалось получить доступ, Trojan.Encoder.12544 использует утилиту для управления удаленным компьютером PsExec (она также хранится в ресурсах троянца) или стандартную консольную утилиту для вызова объектов Wmic.exe.

    Контроль своего повторного запуска энкодер осуществляет с помощью файла, сохраняемого им в папке C:\Windows\. Этот файл имеет имя, соответствующее имени троянца без расширения. Поскольку распространяемый злоумышленниками в настоящий момент образец червя имеет имя perfc.dat, то файл, предотвращающий его повторный запуск, будет иметь имя C:\Windows\perfc. Однако стоит злоумышленникам изменить исходное имя троянца, и создание в папке C:\Windows\ файла с именем perfc без расширения (как советуют некоторые антивирусные компании), уже не спасет компьютер от заражения. Кроме того, троянец осуществляет проверку наличия файла, только если у него достаточно для этого привилегий в операционной системе.

    После старта троянец настраивает для себя привилегии, загружает собственную копию в память и передает ей управление. Затем энкодер перезаписывает собственный файл на диске мусорными данными и удаляет его. В первую очередь Trojan.Encoder.12544 портит VBR (Volume Boot Record, загрузочная запись раздела) диска C:, первый сектор диска заполняется мусорными данными. Затем шифровальщик копирует оригинальную загрузочную запись Windows в другой участок диска, предварительно зашифровав ее с использованием алгоритма XOR, а вместо нее записывает свою. Далее он создает задание на перезагрузку компьютера, и начинает шифровать все обнаруженные на локальных физических дисках файлы с расширениями .3ds, .7z, .accdb, .ai, .asp, .aspx, .avhd, .back, .bak, .c, .cfg, .conf, .cpp, .cs, .ctl, .dbf, .disk, .djvu, .doc, .docx, .dwg, .eml, .fdb, .gz, .h, .hdd, .kdbx, .mail, .mdb, .msg, .nrg, .ora, .ost, .ova, .ovf, .pdf, .php, .pmf, .ppt, .pptx, .pst, .pvi, .py, .pyc, .rar, .rtf, .sln, .sql, .tar, .vbox, .vbs, .vcb, .vdi, .vfd, .vmc, .vmdk, .vmsd, .vmx, .vsdx, .vsv, .work, .xls, .xlsx, .xvd, .zip.

    Троянец шифрует файлы только на фиксированных дисках компьютера, данные на каждом диске шифруются в отдельном потоке. Шифрование осуществляется с использованием алгоритмов AES-128-CBC, для каждого диска создается собственный ключ (это — отличительная особенность троянца, не отмеченная другими исследователями). Этот ключ шифруется с использованием алгоритма RSA-2048 (другие исследователи сообщали, что используется 800-битный ключ) и сохраняется в корневую папку зашифрованного диска в файл с именем README.TXT. Зашифрованные файлы не получают дополнительного расширения.

    После выполнения созданного ранее задания компьютер перезагружается, и управление передается троянской загрузочной записи. Она демонстрирует на экране зараженного компьютера текст, напоминающий сообщение стандартной утилиты для проверки дисков CHDISK.

    screenshot Trojan.Encoder.12544 #drweb

    В это время Trojan.Encoder.12544 шифрует MFT (Master File Table). Завершив шифрование, Trojan.Encoder.12544 демонстрирует на экране требование злоумышленников об уплате выкупа.

    screenshot Trojan.Encoder.12544 #drweb

    Если в момент запуска на экране появилось сообщение о запуске утилиты CHDISK, незамедлительно выключите питание ПК. Загрузочная запись в этом случае будет повреждена, но ее можно исправить при помощи утилиты восстановления Windows или Консоли восстановления, загрузившись с дистрибутивного диска. Восстановление загрузочной записи обычно возможно в ОС Windows версии 7 и более поздних, если на диске имеется используемый системой скрытый раздел с резервной копией критичных для работы Windows данных. В Windows XP такой способ восстановления загрузки не сработает. Также для этого можно использовать Dr.Web LiveDisk — создайте загрузочный диск или флешку, выполните загрузку с этого съемного устройства, запустите сканер Dr.Web, выполните проверку пострадавшего диска, выберите функцию «Обезвредить» для найденных угроз.

    По сообщениям из различных источников единственный используемый распространителями Trojan.Encoder.12544 ящик электронной почты в настоящее время заблокирован, поэтому они в принципе не могут связаться со своими жертвами (чтобы, например, предложить расшифровку файлов).

    С целью профилактики заражения троянцем Trojan.Encoder.12544 компания «Доктор Веб» рекомендует своевременно создавать резервные копии всех критичных данных на независимых носителях, а также использовать функцию «Защита от потери данных» Dr.Web Security Space. Кроме того, необходимо устанавливать все обновления безопасности операционной системы. Специалисты компании «Доктор Веб» продолжают исследование шифровальщика Trojan.Encoder.12544.

    Инструкция пострадавшим от Trojan.Encoder.12544


              Texas Supreme Court bends to politics on same-sex marriage benefits. Bad news everywhere   
    Texas Republicans haven't given up the fight against same-sex marriage and their political pressure on that state's Supreme Court today paid off.

    The Court reversed an earlier decision and sent back to a trial court the question of whether same-sex married couples are entitled to the same government-subsidized benefits — such as health insurance — that opposite-sex couples receive. There was a fairly tortured path to today's decision and the decision itself is a maze. But in short, the court said, there is no inherent right to such benefits.

    But, in conceding that the U.S. Supreme Court in the Obergfell decision ended state bans on same-sex marriage, the Texas court said it did not  it "did not hold that states must provide the same publicly funded benefits to all married persons" or specifically hold unconstitutional laws in Texas aimed at preventing equal treatment of gay couples.

    It ordered the trial court to consider these issues, without saying how the court should decide. The court, in essence, punted, but in a way favorable to opponents of same-sex marriage. The Supreme Court said the case hadn't been fully briefed to begin with because the Obergfell decision arrived as the case was ongoing.

    This article in Slate ahead of today's ruling explains the case in more detail.

    Today's opinion drew on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in a recent case from Arkansas, the Pavan case, that should support the broadest interpretation of Obergfell. There, the court said issuance of birth certificates was among the many processes controlled by the state that should be applied equally.

    Said the Texas court:

    In Obergefell, the Supreme Court acknowledged that our historical view of marriage has long been “based on the understanding that marriage is a union between two persons of the opposite sex.” It concluded, however, that this “history is the beginning of these
    cases,” and it rejected the idea that it “should be the end as well.” But Obergefell is not the end either. Already, the Supreme Court has taken one opportunity to address Obergefell’s impact on an issue it did not address in Obergefell, and there will undoubtedly be others. [The Pavan case.] Pidgeon and the Mayor, like many other litigants throughout the country, must now assist the courts in fully exploring Obergefell’s reach and ramifications, and are entitled to the opportunity to do so. 

    This looks like a terrible precedent, a signal to the bitter-enders to force lawsuits on every potential application of the law and to deny equal treatment by whatever means possible in whatever context possible. It's a mean prospect. Equal means equal. With Neil Gorsuch now linking arms with Alito and Thomas on the Supreme Court against Pavan, it might not prove such a simple proposition if Trump adds more of his ilk to the court.

    I shudder to think what Jerry Cox can do with this thinking before the anti-gay Arkansas Supreme Court majority that found simple discrimination in birth certificates legal. This case is an invitation for a Bob Ballinger or Bart Hester or similar to claim — as plaintiffs from Houston did in the Texas case — that their religious freedom is infringed by paying taxes that go to subsidize health insurance for married gay people.

              Gov. Hutchinson says major change needed in Senate health legislation   
    Gov. Asa Hutchinson outlined four major changes he'd like to see in Republican-backed health legislation pending in the Senate.

    In short, he said — if in more diplomatic words — the bill as written would be devastating to Arkansas. Hutchinson chose to put it more kindly. He said the Senate was moving in "the right direction" and said "the status quo is not acceptable."

    But he added: "There have to be significant changes in the current draft in order to give states like Arkansas options for the future and to continue coverage and not have a $500 million per year gap in our economy."

    He said he'd spoken to Arkansas's senators about this, but referred questions about their reaction to them. To date, Sens. Tom Cotton and John Boozman have resisted saying much of anything about the legislation, though Cotton was one of 13 white male Republicans who participated in the secret drafting.

    The shortcomings have been self-evident for some time in states like Arkansas that took advantage of the Medicaid expansion provided through the Affordable Care Act, or Obamacare. House-passed and Senate-proposed legislation would obliterate the Medicaid expansion and also severely restrict traditional Medicaid coverage for the elderly and disabled by going to per capita distributions to states. Both changes would devastate Arkansas, with a large traditional Medicaid population and more than 300,000 people now covered by the Medicaid expansion. Hutchinson said the state was already making changes to reduce costs and state cooperation should be a goal of congressional action. Some 60,000 would lose coverage by reducing coverage for those making 138 percent of the poverty level to 100 percent and by instituting work rules.

    Hutchinson suggested these changes in what's under consideration:

    * Exempt those elderly, blind and disabled covered by traditional Medicaid from the per capita cap on spending. Otherwise, the cost would be shifted to the state, he said. (He said later it was OK to put children's coverage, Arkids, under a per capital program because they were generally lower cost.)

    * If the federal government moves to block grant funding for Medicaid, Hutchinson said the funding should include in the figuring the Medicaid expansion population. Some states didn't take the money. If the pot is redivided to cover all states equally, those who expanded will lose and those who didn't will gain. "This puts us in a difficult position to manage and maintain coverage," Hutchinson said. If the population is considered, he said, "the state can assume the risk and create savings and ensure coverage of the working poor."

    * Senate legislation must "redesign" the tax credits, or subsidies, for those covered in the health insurance marketplace. Hutchinson echoed critics of the Senate legislation who say the subsidies are so small as to be worthless.  "If the subsidy is not sufficient, an individual will decide they can't afford it." He said "there have to be sufficient subsidies to make it work."

    * The states must be given "flexibility" on how they spend money received under per capita reimbursements. He didn't specify some examples of what he had in mind. In some states, though, flexibility has meant not providing certain services (birth coverage for example) and measures co-pays, work, drug testing and other sometimes controversial ideas.

    Hutchinson acknowledged that the Medicaid expansion, now known as Arkansas Works, by law must end if federal support is reduced. That's not an immediate concern because actual reductions won't occur for several years into the plan now outlined in Senate legislation. "They've given us a long glide path," he said.

    Timing noted: Hutchinson finally weighed in with criticisms that have been voiced for weeks by many others following a week in which the Senate leadership's plan for a quick vote on the GOP fill apart because of he couldn't keep all Republican senators on board.

    Noted too: Hutchinson refused to talk taxes — either those to pay for his expanded vision of health coverage and the windfall for the wealthy envisioned in the pending bill.

    Just yesterday, Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families gave some idea of the blow the Senate bill would deliver to rural health care.

              Finalists announced for next chancellor of UAMS   
    Univesity of Arkansas System President Donald Bobbitt has announced two finalists to succeed Dan Rahn, who retires July 31 as chancellor of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.

    Expected to visit the campus in July are:

    * A. Wesley Burks, M.D., executive dean of the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He's a graduate of the University of Central Arkansas, got his medical degree at UAMS and spent 18 years at UAMS and Arkansas Children's Hospital as a faculty member and administrator.

    * Danny O. Jacobs, M.D., executive vice president, provost and dean of the School of Medicine at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas

    Bobbitt worked with a search committee on the choices. He said in a prepared statement that both men "have the experience and leadership skills necessary to lead a major academic medical center."

    They will have two days of meetings with students, faculty, administrators, UA trustees and others in Little Rock, then travel to Northwest Arkansas for meeting leaders of UAMS' Northwest campus.  Jacobs will visit July 16-19 and Burks will visit July 25-28.

    A webpage has more information about the finalists and the search process.

              Talk   
    My talk yesterday seemed to go well, which is remarkable given that it was at 10:45am and I was still dining out nine hours earlier. I had to rush it because the previous talk overran by 15 minutes, but that wasn't a problem as it meant I could use speed to bamboozle the audience.

    Anyway, should you wish to see them, the slides are here. I can't see rock babes and opera zombies becoming a thing, though.




              30.06.17 20:16 Uhr: zu #537   
    http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2006/september/tradoc_113465.pdf
              Querida amiga   
    Projecte de l'Instituto Francis
    Ronda de Sant Pere, 18
    Nil Tusquets (anys 60)


    [Article publicat originalment el 4 d'octubre de 2012]


    Elena Francis

    Durant la postguerra, l’Espanya negra retratada per Goya, Gutiérrez Solana o Buñuel, aquella Espanya miserable i analfabeta que a cops de crucifix i d’alçaments militars va apartar una bona part de la població de l’Humanisme i de la Il·lustració i que va convertir el país en el racó folklòric d’Europa, va tenir la seva continuïtat a la ràdio i al quiosc vestida de cultura popular. D’una banda, El Caso (que tan bé ens ha descrit Sícoris) es convertia en el màxim exponent de la crònica negra, que els diaris convencionals adscrits a la Prensa del Movimiento s’encarregava d’enllustrar per fer-nos creure que vivíem en un país normal. D’una altra, les radionovel·les perpetuaven els drames dels folletins i la literatura de canya i cordill, i els consultoris sentimentals i de bellesa posaven capes de maquillatge a la realitat diària de milers de dones que demanaven consell per justificar unes vides amb poc marge de maniobra, dins d’una societat profundament masclista que els donava el matrimoni i la maternitat com a únics valors i esperances.


    Carta dirigida a l'Elena Francis demanant consell per avortar


    En aquest context de postguerra, l’any 1947 naixia el Consultorio de Elena Francis, un espai radiofònic dirigit al públic femení, que s'estructurava al voltant de la correspondència que dirigien les radiooients a una suposada experta, Elena Francis, que contestava els dubtes, consultes i confidències que es plantejaven. Les consultes anaven des de temes estrictament domèstics, com cuina, jardineria, salut i bellesa, fins els problemes que gaudien d’una més gran expectació i dramatisme: els sentimentals i els psicològics.

    La idea del consultori la va inspirar Francisca Elena Bes, que pertanyia a una família amb negocis dins del món de la cosmètica, propietaris, junt amb el seu marit Josep Fradera, de l'Instituto Francis i els laboratoris del mateix nom. Situats inicialment al carrer Pelai, 56, es van traslladar els anys 60 a la Ronda de Sant Pere, 18, a l'edifici dissenyat per l'arquitecte Nil Tusquets, el projecte del qual encapçala aquest apunt i on continua encara avui. El nom Elena Francis prové d'invertir l'apel·latiu familiar de l'empresària.

    El consultori va començar les emissions a Ràdio Barcelona, des d'on va emetre fins 1966, i posteriorment va passar a Ràdio Peninsular i a Ràdio Intercontinental, fins la cancel·lació del programa, l’any 1984, per baixa audiència. Alguna cosa havia canviat en el país. L’educació i la bonança econòmica havia transformat els interessos i les aspiracions del públic potencial, malgrat que les revistes del cor continuaven tenint un públic fidel que s’emmirallava en les vides, els vestits i les cases dels famosos, que inspiraven il·lusions i esperances des de les pantalles del cinema o des de les corts reials europees i orientals, plenes de princeses glamuroses: Soraia, la "princesa dels ulls tristos", repudiada pel Xa de Pèrsia, que després es va casar amb Farah Diva; Grace Kelly, casada amb el príncep Rainier de Mònaco; Rita Hayworth, segona esposa d'Alí Khan, príncep dels ismaïlites; o Fabiola, germana del desheretat Jaime de Mora y Aragón, que va esdevenir reina dels belgues quan es va casar amb Balduí. Miralls on s'hi reflectien la mediocritat i els somnis.




    Del consultori de l’Elena Francis, a la memòria popular hi ha quedat, sobretot, la sintonia del programa: l’Indian Summer, de Victor Herbert, que a la ràdio sonava en la versió d’André Kostelanetz, amb una lletra adaptada al contingut del consultori, i que podeu escoltar i recordar en el vídeo adjunt. I igual que la música, en el record queda la veu de la locutora Maruja Fernández, que després de Maria Garriga i tres locutores més va ser la veu de Francis de 1962 fins el darrer dia.

    Inicialment, les respostes a les consultes (unes set en cada emissió diària) eren redactades per un equip de guionistes, però a partir de 1966 se’n va fer càrrec el periodista i crític taurí Juan Soto Viñolo. Elena Francis no només no existia sinó que era un home. La notícia es va fer pública l’any 1982 quan Gerard Imbert va publicar Elena Francis, un consultorio para la transición. El descobriment va causar una gran commoció en moltes dones, tant pel fet de no existir com pel fet d’haver posat la seva intimitat a mans d’un home. De tota manera, el programa ja era un moribund i dos anys més tard va passar a millor vida. Desmantellat l’espai, el material va desaparèixer de l’emissora, fins que una part de les cartes i alguns guions va ser trobats a Can Tirel, una masia de Cornellà de Llobregat propietat de la família Fradera: 70.000 documents del període comprès entre 1951 i 1972, i que des de 2007 són a l’Arxiu Comarcal del Baix Llobregat.

    Les sorpreses, però, no acaben aquí. Mitjan la dècada de 1990, l’amiga d’una amiga (lamento no recordar el seu nom) estava fent la seva tesi d'antropologia sobre el consultori de l’Elena Francis (gràcies a ella tinc gravats en una casset alguns programes, entre ells el darrer, emès l’1 de febrer de 1984). Poc després, vaig conèixer Juan Soto Viñolo, que feia poc que havia publicat Querida Elena Francis (Barcelona: Grijalbo, 1995). Per qüestions professionals editorials vaig tenir l’oportunitat de compartir experiències i confidències radiofòniques amb ell.

    Tant la investigació dels materials per a la tesi con el mateix Juan Soto van confirmar que la grisor dels consultoris amagaven més d’una tragèdia. Centenars de cartes no van ser mai emeses per antena. Moltes, perquè no tenien prou interès i calia fer una selecció; d’altres, perquè el seu contingut reflectia absolutes tragèdies: maltractament físic i psicològic, assetjament, violacions, incestos i embarassos no desitjats a causa d'aquests abusos (molts d’aquests casos venien de Galícia, lloc on l’estupre amb la filla sempre ha estat elevat, per causes diverses); drames personals i familiars diversos, i delictes de tota mena que testimoniaven que la realitat és aparent... excepte per a qui la viu i la pateix.

    Però hauríem d’esperar fins el 2008 perquè Pietat Estany, que va treballar durant vuit anys en el consultori radiofònic d'Elena Francis, ens ho expliqués en el llibre Estimades Amigues. El darrer escrit d'una Doña Elena Francis silenciosa i silenciada (Barcelona: Dèria Editors / La Magrana, 2008). Pietat Estany va ser l’encarregada, durant aquest temps, de contestar per escrit les cartes que no passaven la selecció del programa; ella va ser l’encarregada de donar consol a les veus que cridaven auxili, i ara el seu relat ens ajuda a reconstruir un escenari que, encara, és ple de buits, d’ombres i de foscor.




    Montserrat Fortuny

    Però a casa érem més de l'altre consultori que rivalitzava amb la Francis, el Consultorio femenino de Doña Montserrat Fortuny, de Radio Reloj de Radio España (EAJ15), que més tard esdevindria Cadena Catalana. Les raons són històriques, com veurem, però n’hi havia una que ens cridava l’atenció: el patrocinador del programa era Laboratorios Eupartol (després LRT, de Laboratorios Ricardo Trilla), que tenien la seva seu en el carrer Xifré 48 (entre Provença i Mallorca), en el barri del Clot de Barcelona, just al costat de casa.

    Temps després, quan van enderrocar l’edifici, aquell solar es va convertir en un descampat de deixalles dels laboratoris, que van despertar la curiositat de la canalla que hi anàvem a jugar. Els laboratoris produïen medicaments i material de ginecologia i obstetrícia, com vam poder comprovar inspeccionant les restes, entre elles pinces umbilicals, noves i usades. Usades vol dir que n’hi havia amb restes de teixits, no sé si de nadons o de vés a saber quins animals, que segurament servien per comprovar la fiabilitat de l'instrumental d'una empresa que s'anunciava a la ràdio amb una veu que deia: “Eupartol alivia el dolor de los problemas de la mujer”.

    El consultori de la Montserrat Fortuny té els seus orígens en el Consultori femení de bellesa Eupartol, que Ràdio Barcelona emetia l’any 1935 en el programa Radiofémina. L’any següent el consultori passa a Ràdio Associació de Catalunya, que després de la guerra seria reconvertida en Radio España, “la emisora de las Ramblas”. I seria l’any 1945 que el consultori prenia el nom de Montserrat Fortuny.

    Montserrat Fortuny era un pseudònim, però darrere s’hi amagava una persona real: Emilia Saez de Tejada, esposa de Ricard Trilla, amo dels laboratoris. De tota manera, qui posava la veu i la presència a la ràdio va ser, durant molts anys, l’actriu Mercedes Laspra (Astúries, 1915) fins que quan es va jubilar (1981) la va substituir Carme Nubiola.


    Mercedes Laspra, la veu de Montserrat Fortuny


    El consultori de Montserrat Fortuny va acabar també l’any 1984, però per alguna raó no ha generat la mateixa expectació que l’Elena Francis. És possible que la discreció dels treballadors de la ràdio i la prudència i el control dels laboratoris hagi fet que no s’escampés cap llegenda sobre el contingut de les cartes. L’emissió local del consultori també haurà ajudat, tot i que això no vol dir que no hi hagi una Catalunya negra. No se n’han escrit llibres, ni tesis, i la pervivència resta només en la memòria sense fer gaire soroll.


    Sintonies de Radio España


    A molts de nosaltres, però, ens va deixar el record inesborrable de la sintonia i d’alguna de les falques musicals. El caràcter oral de la ràdio ha propiciat la retenció memorística de cançons, anuncis i de les veus dels locutors. La sintonia la podem taral·lejar, però no en sé el nom; sembla un vals. Potser algú la pot identificar en el vídeo adjunt (cap el minut 2). Una altra sintonia del programa era la Marxa del Coronel Bogey, la melodia militar britànica que els soldats del coronel Nicholson xiulaven quan desfilaven a la pel·lícula El pont sobre el riu Kwai. Però sobretot, mai he oblidat una cançoneta encantadora que m’emociona de forma totalment irracional, el Dites-moi, d'Ngana i Jorome, de la pel·lícula South Pacific (1958).




    Ignoro si ara hi ha consultoris sentimentals a la ràdio. M’és ben igual; no gosaria escoltar-los. Durant la infantesa aquella narració tenia el mateix valor de ficció que les radionovel·les. El temps ens ha fet descobrir que aquells relats no eren més ficció que la realitat del carrer i eren la conseqüència natural de l’ambient històric i social en què vivíem. I les nostres mares ho sabien, és clar.



    Carta a Montserrat Fortuny (1949)


    [Bola extra]


    Sintonia horària de Radio Reloj


    [+]

    En antena: 75 anys de ràdio a Espanya. Madrid: Promotora General de Revistas, SA, 1999.

    Espinosa i Mirabet, Sílvia. "Cronologia dels programes femenins a la ràdio catalana d’abans de la Guerra Civil". Comunicació: Revista de Recerca i d’Anàlisi [Societat Catalana de Comunicació], vol. 27 (novembre 2010), p. 65-88 [PDF].

    Herrera Damas, Susana. "La participación de los oyentes en los programas de radio, ¿un género radiofónico?" Revista de Comunicación, vol. 3, Facultad de Comunicación de la Universidad de Piura, Perú, 2004, p. 7-19.


    Comentaris



              Festes de Sant Roc de la plaça Nova   

    La cucanya de la plaça Nova (1913-1920), Brangulí
    Arxiu Nacional de Catalunya


    Ni les festes de la Mercè, que comencen a celebrar-se, amb anys de plenitud i anys de decadència, el 1868 (tot i que el predicament s'origina el 1687 per una plaga de llagostes), però que no esdevé una autèntica festa ciutadana fins 1902 amb un programa que pretén mostrar la diversitat folklòrica del país amb diverses expressions de la cultura popular, moltes de les quals havien desaparegut a la ciutat o estaven circumscrites a les processons del Corpus, autèntica font de l'expressió festiva popular: balls de bastons, diables, gegants, bestiari, castellers, sardanes, etc.

    Ni les festes de Santa Eulàlia, una patrona d'origen hispanoromà i vida tortuosa inventada, que és un cas curiós de desdoblament hagiografia: un personatge que acaba sent-ne dos: l'original de Mèrida i la barcelonina, aquella que quan plou per la Mercè diuen que plora de pena per haver estat oblidada pels barcelonins.

    Ni Santa Madrona, la més antiga i ignorada de les patrones de Barcelona, que va voler quedar-se a la ciutat camí de Marsella, on duien les seves relíquies, després que el vaixell que les transportava es posés a recer a la platja de Sant Bertran un dia de tempesta del segle X.

    La Mercè fa de senyora de la ciutat mentre Eulàlia, més acostumada a patir, treu el nas a l'hivern, i la vella Madrona gaudeix d'un aplec a l'ermita de Montjuïc que no per petit és menys sentit.


    Les festes de Sant Roc a la plaça Nova, la dècada de 1960
    Autor: Suárez. Arxiu Fotogràfic de la Plaça Nova


    Però la festa grossa de veritat (les de Gràcia són d'un altre poble) és la de Sant Roc a la plaça Nova del desaparegut barri de la Catedral, del qual en vam poder veure l'exposició que va acollir la Casa dels Entremesos i que enguany ens mostra "Mirades de gegant. 110 anys dels gegants de Sant Roc de la plaça Nova".


    Primera fotografia dels gegants de la plaça Nova (1906)
    Arxiu Fotogràfic de la Plaça Nova


    Celebrat el 16 d'agost de forma ininterrompuda des de 1589, les festes comencen dies abans (el dia 12 el 2016) amb el nan Cu-cut passejant dalt del ruc pels carrers que sobreviuen després de les obertures de la Via Laietana i l'avinguda de la Catedral, i amb la instal·lació de la històrica cucanya. La festa s'allarga fins al dia 16, quan, entre moltes altres activitats centenàries, el diable trucarà a Cal Bisbe durant el seguici de Sant Roc perquè no oblidem que les claus del Cel i l'Infern comparteixen clauer i, potser, forat del pany (vegeu el programa complet).


    El nan Cu-cut (1910)
    Arxiu Fotogràfic de la Plaça Nova


    És tan encomiable l'esforç i l'entusiasme del plaçanovins per mantenir viu Sant Roc com l'oblit dels barcelonins que passen per la plaça Nova ignorant que trepitgen  el primer raval construït fora de la muralla romana: la Vila Nova dels Arcs, un antic mercat.

    Però com que sempre s'està a temps de solucionar oblits i de saber-ne més, aneu a les festes de Sant Roc, a l'exposició de la Casa dels entremesos i us deixo (per a qui no ho hagi llegit) lectura estiuenca sobre el barri de la Catedral (i d'altres indrets fora muralla romana).


    L'origen dels mercats medievals a Barcelona

    Carrers amagats dels mercats medievals de Barchinona

    De l'Infern al Purgatori: la basílica dels Sants Just i Pastor

    Santa Anna: capellans, verdulaires, cecs, meuques i una creu


    Barcino i la plaça de Sant Miquel




              Rinnovo tesseramento CNA    

    Si pubblica la circolare federale relativa alle modalità di rinnovo annuale delle tessere CNA. La richiesta di rinnovo in FIP on line dovrà essere attivata dal 1° luglio p.v. e non prima.

    Circolare tesseramento CNA 2017/2018


              Convocazione in nazionale U 16, per Sasha Grant   
    L'atleta di proprietà del Jolly Dolianova, Sasha Mattias Grant, in prestito dalla scorsa stagione alla Pallacanestro Reggiana, è stato convocato dal Settore squadre nazionali, al raduno della nazionale Under 16 maschile in programma a Roseto degli Abruzzi (Te) dall’11 al 23 luglio, e a Vasto (Ch) dal 24 al 31 luglio 2017. In allegato il comunicato ufficiale.

    Comunicato ufficiale U 16M

              Collapse of World Trade Center 7   

    Engineers present further arguments that World Trade Center 7 could not have collapsed as it did without inside help, and that the official investigation skipped over that part of the issue.

    I don't have the expertise needed to reach any conclusion about this. I can't judge the arguments of the various sides. The only conclusion that I can reach is that we should have a full, complete and honest investigation of what caused the World Trade Center towers to collapse.

    One thing we can be sure of is that the actual investigation was corrupt. One of the members quit and said so.

              El inevitable futuro de la humanidad #CdeCiencia #videos   

    Estamos rodeados de máquinas. Máquinas que, poco a poco, se van volviendo más inteligentes que sus creadores, los seres humanos. Llegará el día en el que nos superen, y esto... puede ser algo muy bueno o muy malo. Pero seguramente... será inevitable. ¿Qué nos depara el futuro? ¿Será un paso más en nuestra historia... o el fin de la humanidad? Si te gustó el vídeo, suscríbete, dale a "me gusta" y comparte el vídeo. ¡Me ayuda mucho! **************************************************************** Puedes apoyar el canal en Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/cdeciencia **************************************************************** Sígueme en Twitter: https://twitter.com/CdeCiencia Sígueme en Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CdeCiencia?fref=ts Sígueme en Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cdeciencia_oficial/ Música por: Droid Bishop: https://soundcloud.com/droidbishop Kevin Bryce https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKronkmoPSFic9zdAbdyUag ---------- LINKS MUY INTERESANTES ---------- La velocidad de procesamiento en humanos: https://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/1n6kfg/how_long_is_the_delay_if_any_between_my_eyes/ El número de dios: http://www.cube20.org/ El récord absoluto del cubo de Rubik: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4287162/Record-breaking-robot-solves-Rubik-s-cube-0-637-SECONDS.html Digitalización pensamientos humanos: http://ncbci.csie.ncku.edu.tw/bspz/BSP/old_data/File/2010%20Slide/Ch8/Pfurtscheller%20IEEE%20Proceedings%202001.pdf http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1388245702000573 Neuralink: https://neuralink.com/

              UPCOMING: SPECIAL EVENT: The Meditation Museum Celebrates 20 Years of Service in the DC Area with a Free event featuring Sister Shivani and others at the MGM National Harbor on "Awakening Love & Forgiveness" this SUN, July 2 from 3:30pm - 6:00pm, please RSVP to ensure your space   
    Awakening Love & Forgiveness – a special event celebrating the Meditation Museums 20 years of service in the DC area with Sister Shivani from India and others at the MGM National Harbor in MD
    Sunday, July 2
    3:30pm - 6:00pm
    Free, RSVP here!

    Join Sister Jenna from the Meditation Museums along with Sister Shivani from India and many others for an afternoon celebration at the National Harbor in MD.

    The event will also include performances from Abigail Francisco Classical BalletMudra Arts Center Indian Classical Dance, musician Kristin Hoffman and Clean Comedian Dan Nainan along with TV journalist Roberta Baskin and others. The event will also feature video presentations, meditation and more.

    101 MGM National Avenue - Oxon Hill, MD
    Metro: See directions by public transit here, the NH1 bus (see schedule) from the Southern Avenue Metro or the NH2 bus (see schedule) from the Huntington or King St Metro Stations or if you can afford to take an uber or uber pool or lyft or lyft line if you can from either of these stations. See promotions for new users on the right sidebar of this site. If you have the option to drive there, that may be best. 

              Machu Picchu: o que muda na visitação a partir de 1º de julho   

    64758816_Peru - 01-02-2017 - Machu Picchu no Peru. Foto Daniel Marenco.jpgRIO - A partir de sábado, só as lhamas poderão ficar do nascer ao pôr do sol e andar sem destino por Machu Picchu. Em 1º de julho entram em vigor as novas regras de visitação da principal atração turística do Peru, que incluem limitação do tempo de permanência, entrada em dois turnos, circuitos fechados e a obrigatoriedade do serviço de guias.

    BV Machu Picchu

    O objetivo da resolução do Ministério da Cultura do Peru (que pode ser lida aqui, em espanhol) é diminuir o impacto do turismo na zona arqueológica. As medidas valerão até 31 de outubro, mas poderão ser estendidas por novembro e dezembro, quando sua continuidade será estudada. A seguir, as principais mudanças.

    Turnos de visitação. Foram criados dois turnos distintos para a entrada: das 6h ao meio-dia e do meio-dia às 17h30m, que devem ser escolhidos pelo turista no momento da compra do ingresso. Quem quiser passar o dia inteiro no parque deve comprar tíquetes para os dois turnos, separadamente. Pela manhã, o número de visitantes será de até 3.267 pessoas, e à tarde, máximo de 2.673, somando 5.940 por dia.

    Tempo de permanência. Será possível ficar até quatro horas, no máximo, por turno, dentro do parque. Exceção feita àqueles que escolherem, pela manhã, fazer os roteiros alternativos para as montanhas Machu Picchu e Wayna Picchu, que poderão ficar no parque por sete e seis horas, respectivamente.

    Guias de turismo. A partir de sábado, não será possível visitar as ruínas sem a companhia de um guia registrado pelas autoridades de Cusco. Os profissionais poderão ser contratados com antecedência ou na entrada do santuário. Eles deverão acompanhar os visitantes pelos circuitos internos em grupos de até 20 pessoas. O serviço não será obrigatório nas trilhas para as montanhas Machu Picchu e Wayna Picchu nem para visitas extras, no turno ou dia seguinte.

    Circuitos. Os visitantes deverão se ater a três circuitos fechados, escolhidos antes de entrar no santuário. O Circuito 1 é o mais amplo, contornando a área da cidade inca. O Circuito 2 valoriza mais a parte inferior das ruínas. O Circuito 3 é o que tem menos escadas, por isso é o mais indicado para pessoas com capacidade reduzida de locomoção. Todos podem ser cumpridos em até três horas, e no tempo restante os visitantes poderão andar um pouco mais, sem sair do trajeto delimitado. Nos casos dos roteiros que combinam as montanhas de Machu Picchu (entradas das 7h às 8h e das 9h às 10h) e Wayna Picchu (das 7h às 8h e das 10h às 11h), as ruínas podem ser visitadas antes ou depois.

    Ingressos. Podem ser comprados pelo site machupicchu.gob.pe ou nos postos oficiais de Cusco. Custam 152 nuevos soles (R$ 155) apenas para a cidade inca, e S/ 200 (R$ 204) incluindo uma das duas montanhas. Entradas a partir das 13h têm preço promocional de S/ 100 (R$ 102), mas só há mil por dia.


              Interest rates and housing in 2017   
    Interest rates and housing in 2017

    In 2008, the housing bubble burst in the United States. A recession followed, but Australia was spared. By 2011, housing prices continued to rise in Australia and people were concerned about a housing bubble. Mortgage interest rates are tied with house prices and the affordability of housing. What is in store for us in 2017?

    Interest rates in Australia  

    Once again, Australians are concerned about interest rate hikes and the bursting of the housing bubble. According to an article in The Australian: "No major country's fortunes are so entwined with property as Australia's." The article goes on to say that over a fifth of Australia's economy is connected with home building, "spurred on by rising house prices."  

    Some observers say Australia is heading towards a housing bubble. Recent interest rate hikes may be the tipping point for Australia. On 28 March, the ABC reported that all four major banks and some of their smaller competitors raised interest rates. The title of the article was ominous: Brace yourself for more interest rate rises, analyst says. The article points out that many people took out interest only loans, but soon will have to start paying "principle and interest payments and potentially they can't afford those repayments", according to Omkar Joshi, banking analyst with Regal Funds Management.  

    Not everyone agrees with these scenarios. Bill Evans, chief economist for Westpac Bank, believes banks and the government will take steps to keep interest rates low. His April article in Westpac's Business Focus says, "Australian interest rates on hold 2017 and 2018." He does see a potential problem with over-regulation, but he believes RBA rate cuts will "help engineer a manageable slowdown in house price inflation without precipitating a dangerous over reaction in the housing markets."  

    Australian Housing Interest Rates 

    A look at Australian housing interest rates helps explain why house prices have been rising. These are statistics for variable mortgage rates

    • In 1990, rates were 17.0 percent
    • In 1995, Australians were paying 10.5 percent
    • In 2000, interest rates were 8.05 percent
    • In 2005, rates were about 7.3 percent
    • In 2010, rates reached a peak of 7.79 percent
    • In 2015, the peak rate was 5.35 percent
    • In June of 2017, interest rates averaged 5.10 percent 

    The above rates are national averages. Lower and higher rates are charged by different lenders. Some lenders today are charging less than 4 percent interest. The figures above nevertheless show a distinct downward trend in interest rates of well over 10 percent since 1990.  

    While interest rates have fallen, house prices have risen by 7.2 percent per annum since the 1990s. Inflation doesn't account for the rise. Inflation in general has only been 2 to 3 percent per annum. According to the Reserve Bank of Australia, "the shift to a low inflation and low interest rate environment in the early 1990s greatly increased household access to finance." This in turn led to increased demand for housing and increased housing prices.

    Australian housing interest rates 

    The Australian dollar is low compared to other currencies. This has resulted in overseas investors purchasing Australian properties. According to an article in the Sydney Morning Herald, Chinese investors are buying apartments in Sydney and Melbourne and account for 80 percent of foreign investment in Australian real estate.  

    The reason is because they see Australian property as a cheap investment. In Shanghai, a two-bedroom apartment costs $900,000, which is 25 percent higher than the price of an equivalent apartment in Sydney. While rental returns in Shanghai are only 1.5 percent, Chinese investors can realise larger returns on their Sydney apartments.  

    The Chinese government recently restricted the outflow of money in foreign investments, but the results of that are yet to be seen.  

    Is the Housing Bubble About to Burst?  

    In 2011, we published Interest Rates, Housing and the Economy: HIA Forecasts 2011. Housing Industry Association (HIA) Senior Economist Andrew Harvey suggested there might be a slowdown in the housing market then. "With the increasingly weak building outlook, this is only going to get worse and will place further upwards pressures on both prices and rents," he said.  

    Throughout Australia, prices have continued to rise. More recently, there has been more volatility in the Australian housing market. In Sydney, Melbourne and Hobart, prices have risen over 3 percent between the December quarter of 2016 and the March quarter of 2017. Brisbane has remained flat, while prices have fallen slightly in Darwin and Perth. On average, though, prices have risen by 2.2 percent in Australia's capital cities in the same period.  

    Even the experts are divided on the issue. Some say the bubble will burst while others think prices will remain relatively stable. What does the average Australian think? We did a survey of of hipages subscribers and they may have come to some of the most reasonable solutions to the problem: 

    • 20 percent said stamp duty should be reduced or abolished
    • 17 percent felt there should be more control over foreign investment
    • 12.2 percent said negative gearing should be reduced or abolished

    They also suggested making regional centres more accessible. Australia's population is condensed in the major cities, but large areas of coastal Australia remain relatively unpopulated. If Australians were able to live in regional centres, perhaps real estate prices wouldn't be as high. This is certainly true in many regional centres, but many Australians can't find employment in these areas.  

    Most people feel the rise in property prices is unsustainable. Generations X and Y are having a particularly hard time finding affordable housing. They can't save 10 or 20 percent to purchase a home in Sydney or Melbourne, so are looking further afield for housing. It's understandable. If wages had kept up with housing prices, the average income in Australia today would be $162,000 per year.  

    No one has a crystal ball, but clearly something needs to be done to protect the Australian housing market. If interest rates go up, many Australians will be forced to foreclose on their properties and we will face the same scenario the United States faced in 2008. How long interest rates remain low is yet to be seen, but we have to hope for the best and plan carefully before purchasing a house.  

    Getting a fixed interest mortgage while interest rates are low may be one solution. According to most economists, getting a short term interest only mortgage is the worst solution. It may allow you to get into the housing market, but if prices fall, you will be stuck with interest and principal payments in the future and may not be able to afford to sell or pay your mortgage.


              تنظيم عملية الاصطياف لفائدة الأسرة التعليمية برسم سنة 2017    

    تنظيم عملية الاصطياف لفائدة الأسرة التعليمية برسم سنة 2017 

    تنظيم عملية الاصطياف لفائدة الأسرة التعليمية برسم سنة 2017



    مذكرة رقم 037-99 بتاريخ 07 يونيو 2017 بشأن تنظيم عملية الاصطياف لفائدة الأسرة التعليمية برسم سنة 2017 ...






              Molosovsky: Veröffentlichungen & Werke   
    Noch nicht eingepflegt sind meine eigenen Prosa- & Lyrik-Werke, die in kleinster Handpresse-Auflage bzw. im Phantastik-Fandom (»Fantasia« und »Follow«) erschienen sind.

    BUCH: Übersetzung & Lektorat | BLOG: Übersetzungen | Eigene Print-Texte | Podcasts

    •••

    BUCH: Übersetzung & Lektorat

    »Die Hölle ist die Abwesenheit Gottes« für den Golkonda Verlag, 2011. Übersetzung der Kurzgeschichten:
    »Der Turmbau zu Babel«,
    »Geschichte deines Lebens«,
    »Die Hölle ist die Abwesenheit Gottes«,
    »Der Kaufmann und das Portal des Alchemisten« und
    »Ausatmung« von Ted Chiang.

    ••• Leseprobe als PDF auf der Website des Verlages.

    Klappentext:

    Geschichten, die ein ganzes Universum enthalten: Die Wahrheit über den Turmbau zu Babel; der folgenreiche Erstkontakt mit einer außerirdischen Spezies; die Verzweiflung angesichts des Verlusts eines unersetzlichen Menschen; ein Zeitreiseabenteuer der anderen Art; und ein bestürzender Ausflug an die Grenzen des wissenschaftlich Machbaren …

    Kein anderer Science-Fiction-Autor hat in den letzten zwanzig Jahren auch nur ansatzweise so viel Begeisterung ausgelöst wie Ted Chiang. Kein anderer Science-Fiction-Autor wurde für ein so schmales Werk mit mehr Preisen ausgezeichnet. Nun liegt endlich auch auf Deutsch ein Auswahlband mit seinen Erzählungen vor.

    Gewinner des Kurd Lasswitz Preis in der Sparte »Bestes ausländisches SF-Werk mit deutscher Erstausgabe 2012«; sowie nominiert in der Sparte »Beste Übersetzung zur SF mit deutscher Erstausgabe 2012« & durch eine Fachjury aus Übersetzerkollegen auf den dritten Platz gewählt.

    ••• Empfehlung des Literaturkritikers Denis Scheck in der »Druckfrisch«-Sendung (ARD) vom 24. Dez. 2013:

    •••

    »Medusas Rache — Hellboy Stories 1« für den Golkonda Verlag, 2012. Übersetzung der Kurzgeschichten:
    »Medusas Rache« von Yvonne Navarro,
    »Puzzle« von Stephen R. Bissette,
    »Eine Mutter weint um Mitternacht« von Philip Nutman,
    »Versicherungen« von Greg Rucka,
    »Folie à Deux« von Nancy Holder,
    »Dämonenpolitik« von Craig Shaw Gardner und
    »Ein grimmiges Märchen« von Nancy A. Collins.

    ••• Leseprobe der ersten Seiten von »Medusas Rache« bei Amazon.de verfügbar.

    Klappentext:

    1994 erblickte Hellboy zum ersten Mal das Licht einer Comicseite und entwickelte sich in den nächsten Jahren zu einem phänomenalen Erfolg, der 2004 und 2008 mit den Kinofilmen von Starregisseur Guillermo del Toro seinen vorläufigen Höhepunkt erreichte. Im Dezember 1999 wiederum erschien der erste von inzwischen drei Sammelbänden mit Hellboy-Geschichten, die bisher nur auf Englisch erhältlich sind. Dem wollen wir nun abhelfen, denn ob im Comic, auf der Leinwand oder in Form des gedruckten Wortes — niemand erlebt so faszinierende, so unheimliche, so abgefahrene Abenteuer wie Hellboy!

    Einige der besten Phantastik-Autoren der angloamerikanischen Szene haben zur Feder gegriffen, um dem roten Riesen die Ehre zu erweisen. Jede Erzählung ist mit einer ganzseitigen Illustration von Hellboy-Schöpfer Mike Mignola versehen — ein Augenschmaus für Kenner und ein Muss für jeden Sammler.

    •••

    »Eine offene Rechnung — Hellboy Stories 2« für den Golkonda Verlag, 2015. Übersetzung der Kurzgeschichten:
    »Waffenbrüder« von Frank Darabont,
    »Der vor dem Zaubrer flieht« von Peter Crowther,
    »In der Flut« von Scott Allie,
    »Newford-Spuk-Schwadron« von Charles de Lindt,
    »Wassermusik« von David J. Schow,
    »Der Vampir-Prozess« von James L. Cambias,
    »Eine offene Rechnung« von Ed Gorman & Richard Dean Starr, und
    »St. Hellboy« von Tom Piccirilli.

    Klappentext:

    Frank Darabont, bekennender Hellboy-Fan unter Hollywoods Filmemachern, deutet das Motto des zweiten Bandes von Hellboy-Geschichten bereits im Vorwort an: Man reist nicht, um anzukommen, man reist, um unterwegs zu sein. Fast ausnahmslos große anglo-amerikanische Horror-Autoren, darunter David J. Schow, Tom Piccirilli und Ray Garton, entführen uns in Hellboys Welt. Ihnen ist es zu verdanken, dass Hellboys Sprüche so gut passen wie die »rechte Faust des Schicksals« aufs Auge der Ungeheuer − und zwar immer und überall.

    Mit dem roten Riesen als Reisegefährten fühlt sich auch der Leser in Mike Mignolas Comic-Universum aus Folklore, Geistergeschichten und aberwitzigem Fantasy-Horror sehr schnell wohl, egal ob in den Abwasserkanälen von New York City oder in einem klassischen Westernsaloon, der nach Whisky, Staub und Pferdeschweiß riecht. Gegen Ende der Reise winkt dann doch ein schmackhaftes Ziel: »Leckere Zähne« aus der Feder von Guillermo del Toro. Der zweite Regisseur im Bunde trifft genau den richtigen Ton, um uns von einem weiteren Hellboy-Film träumen zu lassen — wobei jede der hier versammelten Geschichten zweifellos einen höllisch guten Roadmovie abgeben würde.

    •••

    »Nimmèrÿa 2: Nimmeryána« von Samuel R. Delany (Herausgegeben von Karlheinz Schlögel; Übersetzung von Annette Charpentier) für den Golkonda Verlag, 2015.

    Lektorat/Durchsicht der überarbeiteten Neuauflage.

    Klappentext:

    Dies ist die Geschichte von Pyrn, dem Mädchen, das auf dem Rücken eines Drachens in die Hauptstadt Nimmèrÿas reitet. Aus ihrer Sicht nehmen wir an dem von Gorgik angeführten Sklavenaufstand teil, mit ihr erleben wir die Machtspiele und sexuellen Verstrickungen der Städter. Pyrns Reise führt sie auch in den gefährlichen Süden, zu den Mythen und Rätseln eines dunklen Kontinents.

    Die prähistorische Welt Nimmèrÿas dient Delany dazu, über die Ursprünge unserer eigenen Zivilisation zu meditieren: Woher kommen die Dinge, die wir für selbstverständlich halten? Wo nehmen Sprache, Kultur und Macht ihren Anfang, und inwieweit sind wir noch immer von diesen Anfängen geprägt? Gleichzeitig erspart uns Delany die Komplexitäten dieser Welt nicht — sie ist voll von Mythen und Rätseln, von Gewalt und Sexualität, und bietet uns so eine wirklichkeitsnahe und farbenfrohe Fantasywelt.

    •••

    BLOG: Übersetzungen

    Februar 2014: »Laurie Penny und Terry Pratchett sprechen über Sex, Tod und Natur« von Laurie Penny. Originaltext erschienen bei ›New Statesman‹, November 2012.

    Juli 2009: »Eine Einführung in die Genre-Theorie« von Daniel Chandler; direkt zum PDF. Originaltext erschienen auf der Website des Autoren, August 1997.

    Dezember 2006: ›Crooked Timber‹-Seminar zu »Der Eiserne Rat« von China Mieville. Originaltext erscheinen auf der Website von ›Crooked Timber‹, Januar 2005.

    November 2006: ›Crooked Timber‹-Seminar zu »Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell« von Susanna Clarke. Originaltext erscheinen auf der Website von ›Crooked Timber‹, November 2005.

    •••

    Print-Texte

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2010«: Sammelrezension »Stromern auf ungetrampelten Pfaden« mit Besprechungen zu
    »Eine Andere Welt« von Grandville und Plinius der Jüngere;
    »The City & The City« von China Miéville;
    »Shriek« und »Finch« von Jeff Vandermeer;
    »The Sad Tale of the Brothers Grossbart« von Jesse Bullington.

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2009«: Sammelrezension »Wonniglich verirrt im Laybrinth der Phantastik« mit Besprechungen zu
    »Das Obsidianherz« von Ju Honisch;
    »Un Lon Don« von China Miéville;
    »Wer länger lebt ist später tot — Operation Zombie« von Max Brooks;
    »Die gelöschte Welt« von Nick Harkaway;
    »Gegen den Tag« von Thomas Pynchon;
    »Das Ewige Stundenbuch 1 — Vellum« von Hal Duncan;
    »Das Haus« von Mark Z. Danielwski.

    »Das Abenteuer Phantastik«: Essay für »Kritische Ausgabe 01/2008 — Abenteuer«.

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2008«: »Die Wilden Welten des Matt Ruff«.
    • Teil 1: »Ein persönlich gefärbter Werksübersicht« (inkl. »Fool on the Hill«, »G.A.S. — Die Trilogie der Stadtwerke«, »Ich und die anderen«, »Bad Monkeys«);
    • Teil 2: »Gespräch mit Matt Ruff in Frankfurt am Main, Februar 2008«.

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2007«: Sammelrezension »Gut gelaunte Phantastik-Empfehlungen des Lektürejahres 2006/2007« mit Besprechungen zu
    »Der Barock-Zyklus« von Neal Stephenson;
    »Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell« und »Die Damen von Grace Adieu« von Susanna Clarke;
    »Die Gelehrten der Scheibenwelt« von Terry Pratchett, Ian Steward und Jack Cohen;
    »Wächter der Nacht«-Bücher von Sergeij Lukianenko;
    »J. R. R. Tolkien — Autor des Jahrhunderts« von Tom Shippey.

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2006«: Sammelrezension »Launische aber aufrichtige Empfehlungen von seltsamen & verwirrenden Fantasybüchern der Phantastiksaison 2005/2006« mit Besprechungen zu
    »Das Paradies der Schwerter« von Tobias O. Meißner;
    »Anansi Boys« von Neil Gaiman;
    »Aether« von Ian R. MacLeod;
    »Der Eiserne Rat« von China Miévile;
    »Die Stadt der Heiligen & Verrückten« von Jeff Vandermeer.

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2005«: »Seine Hemden sind bunter als seine Phantastik. Besprechung und Autopsie zu »Der Blumenkrieg« von Tad Williams..

    »Magira Jahrbuch zur Fantasy 2003«: Einzelne Rezensionen zu
    »Perdido Street Station« von China Miéville;
    »Der Steinkreis des Chamäleons« von Ricardo Pinto;
    »Siegfried und Krimhild« von Jürgen Lodemann;
    »Der Mann der Donnerstag war« von Gilbert K. Chesterton.

    •••

    Podcasts

    Juni 2015: Zu Gast bei ›Polyneux spricht‹ in der Sendung über »Bloodborne«.

    März 2015: Zu Gast (zusammen mit Markus Widmer) bei ›Sigma 2 Foxtrot‹ in der Sendung über China Miéville.

    Januar 2013: Folge 98 der Komplettlesung von Egon Friedells »Kulturgeschichte der Neuzeit« für ›Radio Orange 94.0‹; Lesung des Abschnittes über Arthur Schopenhauer und Selbstgespräch. Gestaltet von Herbert Gnauer. — Zur Sendung.


              Sintropija – ustvarjalna moč narave   
    Vsako obdobje v razvoju družbe ponudi prostoru nova spoznanja na poti celostnega razumevanja življenja, naše so-odvisnosti, naših ustvarjalnih moči in manifestiranih idej. Na najrazličnejših ravneh in dimenzijah opazovanja. In vsake toliko časa nam nekaj požene vznemirjenje v vsako našo celico. Ljubezen. Presenečenja. Dosega cilja. Spoznanje na poti. Misel. Upanje. Rojstvo.

    Tovrstno vznemirjenje je v meni povzročilo srečanje s SINTROPIJO. Težko je opisati občutke, ki so me prežemali, ko sem potovala skozi zapletene, v večini primerov meni nerazumljene formule, pa vendar tako domače, da sem jih doživljala, kot da so sestavni del mene že od nekdaj. Pri tem je pomembno vlogo igral slovenski jezik, ki ga avtor Andrej Detela uporablja v njegovi najžlahtnejši obliki in z njim ustvari melodijo, ki prodira globoko v nezavedno in skladišči vanj svežino, gostoto novega, pravega. V knjigi z naslovom »SINTROPIJA v polifaznih zibelkah«.
    “Narava vedno vzame, kar je na razpolago, in iz tega naredi največ, kar lahko …” Neznani avtor
    Naj vas naslov ne prestraši ali odvrne od sporočil knjige, ki so za nas tako pomembna kot razumevanje evolucije, razumevanje dialektike, razumevanje pomena veselja za kakovostno življenje. To je zgodba sintropije in fizika, ki je dokazal njen obstoj. Odprite srce, odprite vse svoje ravni zaznavanja in naj vas zgodba nagradi za vaše potovanje.

    Slika: Naslovnica knjige
    Naročilo knjige: www.sintropija.si

    V: Kaj je sintropija?
    Sintropija je samoorganizacijska sposobnost narave.

    V: Kako dolgo se že zavedamo njenega obstoja, jo opazujemo?
    Že leta 1943 je Erwin Schrödinger odprl vprašanje samoorganizacijske sposobnosti žive snovi, ki jo je Leon Brillouin pojmoval »negentropija«, saj gre za nekakšno »življenjsko silo«, ki znižuje entropijo vsakega živega sistema z visoko stopnjo notranje (samo)organizacije. V matematičnem jeziku pa bi negentropijo lahko poimenovali nasprotje entropije, zato jo biomatematik Luigi Fantappiè in biokemik Albert Szent-Györgyi (leta 1974) poimenujeta sintropija. Ideje o njenem obstoju pa so bile prisotne že veliko prej. Francoski vitalisti in Pasteur so že uporabljali izraz »življenjska sila«, a smo potrebovali čas, da so se razvili matematični in fizikalni modeli (formule), ki so znali te pojave opisati in dokazati. Že Nikola Tesla je pisal o »svetlečem etru«, a bil nerazumljen, ker so bili njegovi uvidi tako zelo drugačni od takratne ravni razumevanja fizike in življenja nasploh, da se niso razširili med ljudi.

    V: Kaj razumevanje sintropije pomeni za razumevanje življenja?
    Če imamo možnost sintropije, potem neki fizikalni sistem pri ugodnih faznih razlikah (kar matematično opišemo s tako imenovano fazno strukturo sistema) ne gre po poti entropije, ne gre v smeri k termodinamskemu kaosu in toplotni smrti, temveč gre v smeri k vse večji notranji organizaciji, k večji kompleksnosti, gre v smeri življenja. Že Szent-Györgyi je slutil, da imajo vsi živi sistemi že na celičnem nivoju vgrajene mehanizme, ki delujejo v smislu sintropije. S tem se je že pred njim ukvarjal tudi Schrödinger v knjižici What's life? Že on je posumil, da na kvantnem nivoju obstajajo procesi, ki presegajo klasično termodinamiko. Omenil bi lahko še Brillouina in tako naprej.

    V: Dokaz o obstoju sintropije torej pomeni izziv obstoječim dogmam in naukom?

    Slika: Andrej Detela
    Vir: selffish studio
    Ja, z idejo sintropije izzovemo osnovno jedro klasične termodinamike. Saj termodinamika je bila utemeljena na dveh osnovnih zakonih, na energijskem zakonu (v celotnem sistemu se skupna energija vedno ohranja, tudi če se pretvarja iz ene oblike v drugo, npr. iz mehanske v električno); drugi zakon pa je entropijski zakon, ki pravi, da se entropija v celotnem zaključenem sistemu veča ali kvečjemu ohranja, nikoli pa se more manjšati. Entropijski zakon torej trdi, da je na svetu vedno več entropije, vedno več kaosa in nereda ... Naraščanje entropije lahko ponazorimo s preprostim primerom. Na primer, dokler so stvari zložene na polici in je vsaka lepo na svojem mestu, vlada red in entropija je majhna; potem pa, recimo, pride v sobo otrok in začne te stvari razmetavati vsenaokrog po tleh, in mi rečemo, da je nastal nered in da se je povečala entropija.

    V: A ti se s to razlago nisi zadovoljil. V raziskovanju si naredil korak naprej …
    Andrej Detela, pisatelj, pesnik, filozof, ekolog, fizik in mednarodno uveljavljeni izumitelj z Inštituta Jožef Stefan, je znan kot avtor najbolj naprednih elektromotorjev za robote in za električna vozila nove generacije, pri čemer se navdihuje v naravi. Kot inovator odkriva ekološke možnosti pridobivanja energije. V bazični znanosti je že dolgo dejaven na mladem področju sintropije. S holističnim pristopom k dojemanju sveta povezuje spoznanja znanosti z osebno izkustveno duhovnostjo.
    Seveda. V življenju vlada neka urejenost. Vsak atom v živi celici je točno na svojem mestu in ta red odloča o zdravju organizma. Že Schrödinger je sumil, da tu deluje neki subtilni mehanizem, po katerem se živa snov samoorganizira. Malo pozneje je Szent-Györgyi o tem začel pisati knjige, še pozneje pa je na tej ideji Prigogine zgradil svojo teorijo t.i. disipativnih struktur. A te njegove strukture eksplicitno ostajajo še zmeraj v okviru entropijskega zakona. Schrödinger pa je pustil odprto možnost tudi za sintropijo. S to temo, ki neodgovorjena občutljivo visi v zraku, so se ukvarjali tudi drugi, in zadnje čase sem vse bolj čutil, da prav tu mora priti do bistvenih premikov.

    V: Kaj je bistvena ideja tvojega dela?

    Glavno težišče, bistvena ideja mojega dela je opis kompleksnih kvantnih sistemov s Teslovo teorijo polifaznih oscilacij. Torej, združil sem to dvoje. Teslovo teorijo polifaznih sistemov, v katerih je jasno definirana smer časa, sem vpeljal na nivo kvantne fizike. Tega še ni delal nihče, in to je za te stvari bistveno novo; in to je tisto, kar je dalo izjemno zanimive rezultate. Šele takrat, ko sem v teoriji sintropije začel uporabljati Teslove polifazne sisteme, so enačbe postale zadosti enostavne, da se je z njimi dalo elegantno računati in da sva z mladim sodelavcem Gorazdom Lampičem potem prišla do številnih uporabnih rezultatov. A treba jih je bilo osvetliti z globljim razumevanjem, zato sva s kolegom fizikom analizirala še naprej in ugotavljala, kaj vse to pomeni. Ne zadostuje, če delamo nekaj kar na slepo, temveč je treba tudi raziskovati, kaj pravzaprav sploh pomeni tisto, kar delaš. To izrecno poudarjam, ker v sodobnem znanstvenem delu tega drugega zelo primanjkuje. Ljudje hitijo s pisanjem člankov, da nekaj hitro objavijo, in zmanjka jim časa za razumevanje globljega smisla tega, kar so naredili. Osebno menim, da se ne smemo izogniti bremenu notranje svobode, ko pogumno vstopamo v tisti prazni, odprti prostor, kjer edino lahko iskreno in smiselno interpretiramo rezultate našega dela. Žal pa današnja tekmovalna družba tega ne podpira, zato se moraš opreti na svoj lastni pogum, kar je že izrazito notranja duhovna drža. 
    1. predstavitev knjige »SINTROPIJA v polifaznih zibelkah« bo v Lescah na Gorenjskem, Vila Milena, petek 20. junija ob 18-ih 
    V: Da približava koncept sintropije našim bralcem, te prosim, da nam postrežeš z nekaj primeri iz narave, ki govorijo v podporo sintropiji.
    Z veseljem. Značilnosti sintropije lahko zaznamo v svetu kristalov. Ko atomi v kristalih vibrirajo, v kristalu nekoliko oscilira tudi oblika električnega potenciala (oblika periodičnega kristalnega potenciala za elektrone). Če ima kristal vsaj količkaj netrivialno notranjo strukturo (in navadno je tako), lahko tudi v kristalih nastopijo polifazne oscilacije, ki kažejo na značilnosti sintropije.
    Japonec Masaru Emoto ugotavlja, da na rast snežink delujejo zelo subtilni vplivi. Številni zunanji vplivi, zunanja polja odločajo o tem, v katerih smereh bo snežinka rasla, delala fraktalne strukture ... Splošna teorija o sintropiji napoveduje, da rast snežinke uravnavajo akustične oscilacije v kristalčkih ledu, akustična frekvenca pa je silno visoka (hiperzvok). Ta hiperzvočna simfonija ima izjemno bogate izrazne možnosti.
    Sintropna samoorganizacija se sproži tudi v kristalu vode, ki se seveda imenuje led. V ledu med sabo sozvanja več oscilacij, in to je neke vrste harmonična glasba (analogna s polifono orgelsko glasbo), s pravilnimi faznimi zamiki med faznimi nihanji. Tudi ta oscilacija se samoojačuje (pozitivna povratna zveza), nihanje atomov postane koherentno (sinhronizirano) in z jasnimi frekvencami, o katerih za zdaj govorijo samo bioenergetiki.

    Podoben primer je tudi snežinka, ki je samostojen kristalček ledu. Vemo, da pod različnimi pogoji zraste v različne oblike.

    Slika: Slike iz knjige
    Vir: Andrej Detela
    Podobno kot v ledu se tudi v živi snovi spontano vzbudijo hiperzvočne oscilacije. Hiperzvok je akustično valovanje s frekvenco, višjo od 10 GHz. Teorija napoveduje in številne meritve potrjujejo tako visoko frekvenco. Če se frekvenca hiperzvočnih valov, ki potujejo po proteinskih verigah, ujame z resonančnimi frekvencami konformacijskih prehodov v teh proteinih, se sprožijo prav tiste konformacijske spremembe, ki ustrezajo določeni frekvenci. Različne frekvence torej preklapljajo določena »stikala« v proteinskih verigah in s tem povzročajo določene prehode biomolekule iz ene biološko aktivne oblike v drugo aktivno obliko. Hiperzvočna simfonija, ki se razpreda po vsem telesu in otipava tudi najmanjše dele celic, preigrava proteinske strukture in uravnava biološke funkcije organizma. To so zdaj še hipoteze, se pa zanje kopiči vse več dokazov.
    Povezava do predavanj Andreja Detela:
    Prvo predavanje "Silent message of nature"  in tekst
    Drugo predavanje "Syntropic perception of time" in tekst
    Če gremo še en korak naprej, že pridemo v t.i. ezoteriko. Stare slike iz Indije ali Tibeta prikazujejo/opisujejo subtilno telo (pranično telo) človeka, z glavnimi čakrami in s številnimi energijskimi nitkami, ki jih zdaj znamo razumeti kot tokovnice hiperzvočnega valovanja. To je torej informacijska struktura telesa in sintropija je tisti skriti mehanizem, ki omogoča harmonizacijo vseh delov v zdravo celoto.

    V: Še iz šolskih klopi smo si vsi zapomnili rek, da je energija neuničljiva. Kako se sintropija obnaša v odnosu do tega zakona?
    Na primer, v lučeh se električna energija spreminja v svetlobno energijo in svetlobna energija se nazadnje pretvori v toplotno energijo. Torej, v ta prostor pride po žicah električna energija, ki ima zelo nizko entropijo. V lučeh se ta energija spremeni v svetlobno energijo, ki pa ima že malo večjo entropijo kot električna energija. Ko potem svetloba zadene stene, se v stenah pretvori v toploto. Ta toplota ima skorajda isto temperaturo kot okolje, zato ima zelo veliko entropijo. Do sedaj pa nihče ni znal ustvariti obratnega procesa, da bi se toplota naravnega okolja spremenila nazaj v električno energijo.
    Res je. Vsi vemo za energijski zakon: energija se ne more uničiti, energija ne nastane iz nič. Obstajajo le pretvorbe energije iz ene oblike v drugo. Energija z majhno entropijo (v tem primeru električna energija, glej okvirček) se je spremenila v energijo z visoko entropijo, v toploto naravnega okolja. Do sedaj pa nihče ni znal ustvariti obratnega procesa, da bi se toplota naravnega okolja spremenila nazaj v električno energijo. V električno energijo smo znali pretvarjati samo tisto toploto, ki ima zelo visoko temperaturo, veliko višjo, kot je naravna temperatura okolja. Taki procesi se dogajajo v termoelektrarnah, na primer v Šoštanju, kjer imamo sedaj znani škandal s koruptivnim primerom TEŠ-6. Energijske pretvorbe v termoelektrarnah se začnejo pri kemični energiji premoga, in to je energija z nizko entropijo, sicer nadaljnje energijske pretvorbe sploh ne bi bile možne. Premog gori in ustvari pregreto vodno paro s precej visoko temperaturo, kakih 600 stopinj Celzija, para potem poganja turbine, turbine poganjajo električne generatorje. V klasičnih elektrarnah torej potrebujemo veliko višjo temperaturo, kot je naravna temperatura okolja. Do zdaj niso znali v električno energijo pretvarjati naravne toplote na temperaturi okolja. Ali vidite razliko med enim in drugim?

    V: V čem je sintropična paradigma drugačna?
    S sintropijo smo ustvarili možnost energijske reciklaže.

    Vizija, ki jo dovoljuje sintropična paradigma, je povsem drugačna: toploto iz naravnega okolja spreminjamo direktno v električno energijo. Zamislimo si, kako bi potekal ta proces! Stene v tem prostoru se za malenkost ohladijo, morda za 10 stopinj, in iz te toplote bi potem pridobili električno energijo, ki bi jo napeljali v daljnovod. To je torej časovni obrat klasičnih energijskih pretvorb, obratni proces, v katerem se toplotna energija z visoko entropijo pretvarja v električno energijo z nizko entropijo. Entropijski zakon to možnost seveda prepoveduje, ker dovoljuje samo prehode na višjo entropijo. Šele zakon sintropije razloži  ta obratni proces. To praktično pomeni, da okolja ne obremenjujemo več z odpadno toploto, temveč znamo sedaj reciklirati prav to toploto nazaj v električno energijo, ki jo po vsakem energijskem ciklu lahko znova in znova uporabljamo. Ni nam treba izčrpavati vedno novih energijskih virov (premog, nafta, uran in tako naprej) in potem v nedogled odlagati odpadno toploto v okolje. Zdaj smo ustvarili možnost energetske reciklaže. Sklenili smo energijski krog, ne potrebujemo več nobenega goriva, nobene nafte, nobenega premoga itn. Našli smo možnost za reciklažo odpadne toplote, ki je zmeraj končni produkt vseh energijskih pretvorb. Začnemo sodelovati z ravnovesjem med entropijo in sintropijo, ki obstaja v naravi.

    Slika: Andrej Detela
    Vir:  www.mladina.si
    Na primer, ko avti vozi po cesti, se gume segrejejo, in ko zaviramo, se grejejo zavorni diski; zaradi zračnega upora pa se greje zrak okrog avta, okoliški zrak pa grejejo tudi izpušni plini in avtomobilski hladilnik. Na koncu gre vse v toploto. Ampak sedaj znamo to odpadno toploto reciklirati nazaj v električno energijo. Čez deset let bodo verjetno v glavnem prevladali električni avtomobili, ki bodo na osnovi sintropije toploto okolja pretvarjali nazaj v električno energijo, ki bo potem poganjala elektromotorje v avtomobilu. To je rešitev za energijske probleme sodobne civilizacije, med drugim seveda tudi za razvpiti problem tople grede.

    V: Uporaba spoznanj, povezanih s sintropijo, ima lahko izjemne družbene posledice. Kaj o tem meniš sam?
    Tu se bom oslonil kar na razmišljanja iz Teslove avtobiografije (pri nas je izšla pred kratkim pod naslovom Moji izumi). On je že pred stotimi leti pisal o novih virih energije in opozarjal, na kaj moramo biti pri tem pozorni. Tok dogodkov v teh časih na splošno poteka prehitro, vse stvari hočemo takoj dati v javnost in prav vsiljivo tržiti, še preden jih dobro razumemo. Zato bom vseskozi opozarjal na filozofske, socialne, psihološke vidike teh novih možnosti, ki jih daje spoznanje o sintropiji. Torej, če so nam zdaj kar naenkrat podarjene nove možnosti energijskih pretvorb, je izjemno pomembno, da v vsej celovitosti razumemo, kaj to pomeni. Nove priložnosti ne bomo vpenjali v stari način razmišljanja, ne bomo je spet zlorabljali.

    V: Kaj misliš s tem zadnji.m stavkom?
    Sintropija pa govori o tem, da svet ne deluje skozi prevlado močnejšega, temveč na kvantnem nivoju, ki je veliko bolj resničen, opažamo, kako različne entitete medsebojno sozvanjajo v čudežno ubrani harmoniji in se vsebinsko bogatijo.
    Po starem so se namreč nove možnosti v svet vpeljavale z namenom, da imajo eni ljudje prevlado nad drugimi. Sintropija pa govori o tem, da svet ne deluje skozi prevlado močnejšega, temveč na kvantnem nivoju, ki je veliko bolj resničen, opažamo, kako različne entitete medsebojno sozvanjajo v čudežno ubrani harmoniji in se vsebinsko bogatijo. Šele ko razumemo to prvinsko sodelovalnost in ji odpremo vrata v človeški svet, se morda naše realno življenje dvigne na neki višji in lepši nivo. Morda tudi bolj božanski nivo? Brez tega razumevanja bi bilo vse to, kar vam sedaj govorim o sintropiji, nesmiselno, ker bi tudi to reč spet takoj zlorabili. Ne bomo. Saj vsi hrepenimo po duhovno ozaveščenem in dostojnem življenju, želimo si sožitja s celoto in ljubečega odnosa do te celote, v tej celoti bi se vsi radi počutili varni in srečni. Torej, edinole v tem duhovnem kontekstu ima spoznanje o sintropiji neki pomen in smisel.

    Andrej, naj ti dobre sile stojijo ob strani in plemenitijo tvoje delo. Globok poklon za tvojo dosedanjo pot in uvide, ki so še pred tabo.

    Oj, Violeta

    Kako lahko sodelujemo
    Kje se lahko srečamo
    Zanimive povezave

              Sveže o odprtem inoviranju   
    Želja po razvoju in potreba po neprestanem prilagajanju dinamičnim življenjskim razmeram vodi posameznike in podjetja v nove oblike organiziranja, povezovanja in (so)ustvarjanja. Odprto inoviranje (ang. Open Innovation) je ena izmed tovrstnih oblik generiranja (dodane) vrednosti. Koncept je bil prvič celostno predstavljen leta 2003, ko je prof. Henry Chesbrough objavil svojo knjigo Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Zaradi svoje uporabnosti je koncept vse bolj navzoč v poslovnem svetu, zanimiv pa postaja tudi v znanstvenih krogih, ki s sistematičnimi raziskavami izpopolnjujejo vrzeli v razumevanju obnašanja in delovanja odprtih inovacij ter botrujejo k nastajanju njenih novih pojavnih oblik.

    Vibacom že od leta 2005 aktivno soustvarja uvajanje in razvoj modelov odprtega inoviranja v slovenskem prostoru. Da bi prišli do čim bolj prodornih svežih znanj na tem področju, smo pred štirimi leti vstopili v državni program »Mladi raziskovalci iz gospodarstva«, ki ga je objavila Javna agencija Republike Slovenije za spodbujanje podjetništva, inovativnosti, razvoja, investicij in turizma. Podprli smo pripravo doktorske disertacije Kaje Rangus z naslovom »Proclivity for open innovation: construct development, determinants and outcomes«. Ponosni smo na njeno uspešno razvojno pot, ki bo dosegla pomemben mejnik z zagovorom disertacije v juliju 2014. Rezultate prve raziskave je predstavila na mednarodni znanstveni konferenci Academy of Management 2013, rezultate druge in tretje raziskave pa bo predstavila v prihajajočih tednih na mednarodnih znanstvenih konferencah IAMOT 2014 in R&D management 2014 in s tem še dodatno okrepila slovensko navzočnost v globalni zakladnici znanja. To je njena zgodba.

    V: Kako bi opredelila koncept odprtega inoviranja?
    Gre za nov način razvijanja proizvodov in storitev, pri katerem podjetja poleg znanja in idej zaposlenih vključujejo tudi zunanje partnerje: od kupcev/uporabnikov, dobaviteljev, fakultet, laboratorijev, posameznikov (razvijalcev in inventorjev) do podjetij, ki se ukvarjajo z drugimi dejavnostmi kot oni, in celo
    Odprto inoviranje je vključevanje zunanjih partnerjev v proces inoviranja: od kupcev/uporabnikov, dobaviteljev, fakultet, laboratorijev, posameznikov (razvijalcev in inventorjev) do podjetij, ki se ukvarjajo z drugimi dejavnostmi kot oni, in celo konkurentov.
    konkurentov. Z odprtim inoviranjem se tako podjetju odprejo številne nove oblike sodelovanja, ki zagotavljajo navzočnost ideje za nove in izboljšane proizvode, storitve in rešitve, kot tudi možnosti za vstop na nove trge. Prof. Chesbrough je koncept predstavil v obliki »tunela« (slika 1).

    Slika 1: Koncept odprtega inoviranja
    Vir: Rangus, 2010 (Povzeto po: H. Chesbrough (2003). Open Innovation:
    The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology)

    Iz slike je razvidno, da lahko ideje o novem ali izboljšanem proizvodu/storitvi/rešitvi prihajajo tako skozi notranje tehnološke in netehnološke baze kot tudi od zunaj, v kateri koli fazi inovacijskega razvoja. Podjetje lahko: 1) k sodelovanju povabi zunanje partnerje že v začetni fazi pridobivanja idej, ali pa 2) v fazi razvoja prepozna potrebo po dodatni komponenti (na nivoju znanja, polizdelka ali končnega proizvoda), ki jo je ceneje in hitreje kupiti ali licencirati od zunanjega partnerja. Lahko se tudi zgodi, da podjetje v fazi razvoja ustvari stranski proizvod, ki ni primeren za njegovo osrednjo dejavnost, zato se lahko odloči in to komponento proda ali odda (v obliki licenčnine) drugemu podjetju v najem. Vse pogostejši rezultat odprtih inovacij, ki je posledica potrebe po čim hitrejšem vstopu na obstoječe ali nove trge, so nova partnerstva na nivoju (blagovne) znamke ali skupnega novega podjetja.

    V: Torej pri konceptu odprtega inoviranja ne gre le za prejemanje idej in znanja od zunaj, ampak za vzajemno prelivanje/deljenje znanja?
    Vsekakor. Koncept se deli na dva dela: prvi del odprtega inoviranja je osredotočen na pridobivanje novega znanja in na ideje od zunaj. Drugi del odprtega inoviranja pa je deljenje znanja in idej podjetja navzven. Ključno je, da podjetje najde pravo ravnotežje med tem, katere ideje, znanje in tehnologijo je smiselno pridobiti od zunaj in do katere mere razkriti svoja znanja navzven. Bistveno je, da se podjetje osredotoči na svoje ključne sposobnosti, medtem ko je smiselno vse obstranske dejavnosti in proizvode/storitve razviti z zunanjimi partnerji. Pri tem so ključni kriteriji za odločanje cenejša rešitev, hitrejši vstop na trg ter potencialno vstop na nove trge.

    Slika 2: Vibacom tim, od leve proti desni
    (Violeta , Kaja, Barbara)
    Vir: Vibacom
    V: Kako bi strnila prednosti odprtega inoviranja?
    Glavna prednost je pridobitev večjega števila novih idej, predvsem tržno zanimivih, saj le-te prihajajo tudi od končnih uporabnikov; dostop do znanja in tehnologij, ki primanjkujejo v podjetju, krajši čas do vstopa na trg, vstop na nove trge ter nižji stroški razvoja končnega proizvoda.

    V: Obstajajo tudi kakšne pomanjkljivosti tega koncepta?
    Na žalost ima vsaka pozitivna stvar tudi kakšno pomanjkljivost. Pri odprtem inoviranju je ta pogosto vezana na »zaprtost zaposlenih« za sodelovanje z zunanjimi partnerji, tako imenovani  »Not-Invented-Here sindrom«, ki pravi, da razvijalci v podjetju ne verjamejo v tehnologijo/znanja/rešitve, ki niso razviti znotraj podjetja. Poleg tega so zaposleni vajeni rutinskega dela in se težko privadijo na novi način podajanja idej in pobud, novih modelov razvoja ideje in novih miselnih vzorcev. Pri partnerskih odnosih pa nastajajo največji problemi pri opredelitvi pogodbenih obveznosti in lastnine končnega proizvoda/storitve.

    V: Ali obstajajo kakšni konkretni načini izvedbe odprtega inoviranja?
    Aktivnosti, povezanih z odprtim inoviranjem, je kar nekaj ... na primer: podjetje lahko pridobi zunanje znanje/ideje na podlagi:
    •    sodelovanja (mreženja) z različnimi zunanjimi partnerji,
    •    najemanja storitev raziskav in razvoja na fakultetah, v laboratorijih,
    •    sodelovanja s kupci/z uporabniki,
    •    so-investiranja v nova (start-up; spin-off) podjetja z drugimi partnerji,
    •    nakupa/najema tehnologije in znanja od zunaj.
    Svoje notranje potenciale pa lahko podjetje razvija in deli z zunanjim okoljem preko:
    •    ustanavljanja novih podjetij (ang. venturing),
    •    prodaje/oddaje svoje tehnologije in znanja navzven,
    •    vključevanja vseh zaposlenih v podajanje idej in razvoj novih proizvodov/storitev.

    V: Ali lahko za lažjo predstavo podaš kakšne primere iz prakse?
    Najbolj razširjena oblika oz. način odprtega inoviranja je vključevanje uporabnikov v razvoj novih proizvodov/storitev. Pogosto podjetja od uporabnikov pridobivajo ideje o novih in izboljšanih proizvodih/storitvah na »klasičen način«, npr. z izpolnjevanjem lističev v trgovinah, z oddajo idej preko specifičnih obrazcev na spletni strani ipd. Vse več podjetij pa je začelo ustvarjati posebne platforme oz. spletne skupnosti za uporabnike, kjer lahko uporabniki podajajo svoje ideje o novih/izboljšanih proizvodih/storitvah, med seboj te ideje komentirajo, jih všečkajo in ocenjujejo. Tako platformo že vrsto let vzdržuje podjetje Dell (Dell Idea Storm) in podjetje Starbucks (my Starbucks Idea). Ali pa gredo celo korak dlje in omogočijo razvoj personaliziranega proizvoda – kot npr. NikeID in miAdidas ter Lego (preko Lego Create and Share).

    Za tehnološko zahtevnejše projekte obstajajo platforme, ki omogočajo izmenjavo tehnologij ter iskanje primernega partnerja za razvoj določene tehnologije (tako imenovani Open innovation Marketplaces), kot so npr. Nine Sigma, InnoCentive, Yet2, itd.

    Slika 3: prof. Henry Chesbrough in Kaja Rangus
    Vir: Osebni arhiv Kaje Rangus
    V: V svoji doktorski raziskavi proučuješ absorpcijsko sposobnost podjetij. Jo lahko malo bolje predstaviš?
    Absorpcijska sposobnost predstavlja sposobnost podjetja, da vsrkava (absorbira) informacije od zunaj. Gre za zmožnost zaznavanja, preoblikovanja ter umeščanja informacij iz okolja v poslovanje podjetja. Seveda je absorpcijska sposobnost podjetja v veliki meri odvisna od absorpcijske sposobnosti posameznikov oz. zaposlenih v podjetju, njihove sposobnosti zaznavanja okolja ter prenosa informacij iz okolja v notranjost podjetja.

    »Absorpcijska sposobnost je zmožnost zaznavanja, preoblikovanja ter umeščanja informacij iz okolja v poslovanje podjetja.« 
    V: Kaj pa so bili ključni elementi v doktorski disertaciji?
    V prvem poglavju doktorske disertacije sem se posvetila razvoju mere za merjenje odprtega inoviranja podjetij. Glavni izziv, vezan na raziskovanje omenjenega koncepta, je ravno ta, da so obstoječe znanstvene raziskave večinoma vezane na opredelitev koncepta ter predstavitev študij primerov velikih multinacionalk, ki so odprto inoviranje uspešno vpeljale v svoje poslovanje. Jaz pa sem želela na velikem vzorcu podjetij preveriti, ali koncept res pozitivno vpliva na inovativnost podjetja. V ta namen sem razvila mero oz. orodje, ki meri nagnjenost podjetja k odprtemu inoviranju ter se navezuje na vse zgoraj omenjene aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja. Mera je z znanstvenega vidika zanimiva, saj omogoča bolj poglobljeno proučevanje koncepta – v smislu raziskovanja vpliva in razmerja odprtega inoviranja z drugimi organizacijskimi korelati na velikih vzorcih. S praktičnega vidika je mera zanimiva, saj opisuje številne različne načine izvajanja posamezne dimenzije odprtega inoviranja. Mera je bila razvita na vzorcu več kot 300 podjetij iz Slovenije ter dodatno testirana na vzorcu 100 podjetij iz Italije.

    V: Torej je bilo drugo poglavje namenjeno proučevanju vpliva odprtega inoviranja?
    Ja. V drugem poglavju sem na podlagi strukturnega modeliranja preverila model povezav med odprtim inoviranjem, absorpcijsko sposobnostjo in inovativnostjo podjetja. Rezultati raziskave na novem vzorcu 450 podjetij iz Slovenije so potrdili teoretično zasnovan model, v katerem absorpcijska sposobnost igra vlogo mediatorja v razmerju med odprtim inoviranjem in inovativnostjo podjetja. To pomeni, da odprto inoviranje in absorpcijska sposobnost pozitivno neposredno vplivata na inovativnost podjetja, odprto inoviranje pozitivno neposredno vpliva na absorpcijsko sposobnost ter preko absorpcijske sposobnosti še na inovativnost podjetja. Raziskava je pokazala, da je skupni učinek odprtega inoviranja ter absorpcijske sposobnosti podjetja na inovativnost podjetja večji kot posamezna učinka, ter s tem nakazala moč sovplivanja različnih organizacijskih sposobnosti.
    Raziskava je pokazala, da vse dimenzije oz. aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja pozitivno vplivajo na inovativnost podjetja, pri čemer pa ima najmočnejši vpliv vključevanje zaposlenih. Tako ključno vlogo pri implementaciji odprtega inoviranja še vedno igra notranja organiziranost podjetja in človeški faktor. Predvsem odprta miselnost vodij. 
    V: Kaj pa so bile ključne ugotovitve tretje raziskave?
    V tretji raziskavi sem na vzorcu skoraj 700 podjetij iz Slovenije, Italije in Belgije proučila vpliv posamezne dimenzije odprtega inoviranja na inovativnost podjetja ter podala nekaj korakov za uspešno implementacijo le-tega. Raziskava je pokazala, da vse dimenzije oz. aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja pozitivno vplivajo na inovativnost podjetja, pri čemer pa ima najmočnejši vpliv vključevanje zaposlenih. Tako ključno vlogo pri implementaciji odprtega inoviranja še vedno igra notranja organiziranost podjetja in človeški faktor, predvsem odprta miselnost vodij, ki se odločijo za ta način inoviranja, kot tudi zaposlenih, ki se zavedajo pomena izmenjave informacij in sodelovanja tako s sodelavci kot tudi zunanjimi partnerji. Glede na izvajanje dimenzij odprtega inoviranja sem podjetja na podlagi analize skupin (ang. cluster analysis) razvrstila v štiri skupine. Identificirane skupine sem poimenovala: odprti inovatorji (aktivno izvajajo vse aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja); podjetja za inženiring velikih sistemov (aktivno izvajajo vse aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja razen najemanja storitev raziskav in razvoja v fakultetah in laboratorijih); najemniki raziskav in razvoja (zelo močno izvajajo aktivnost najemanja storitev raziskav in razvoja na fakultetah in v laboratorijih), podjetja, usmerjena h kupcem (v inovacijski proces aktivno vključujejo le kupce). Raziskava je pokazala, da je v primerjavi z ostalimi tremi skupinami najbolj inovativna skupina odprtih inovatorjev.
    Slika 4: Kaja Rangus
    Vir: Osebni arhiv Kaje Rangus
    V: Še tvoje zadnje sporočilo podjetjem …
    Raziskave, izvedene v okviru doktorske disertacije, jasno prikažejo pozitivne učinke odprtega inoviranja. Kljub temu pa je razumljivo, da za vsako podjetje niso ustrezne vse aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja. Tako menim, da je ključno, da podjetje samo pri sebi ugotovi, katere aktivnosti so zanj najbolj primerne in jih je zmožno implementirati brez večjih naporov in dodatnih stroškov. Bolj kot težnja po implementaciji vseh aktivnosti odprtega inoviranja se mi zdita pomembna odprta miselnost vodij in zaposlenih ter zavedanje, kaj lahko pridobimo s sodelovanjem, z deljenjem in izmenjavo. Odprt način delovanja bo potem prišel sam po sebi.

    Hvala Kaji za novo dimenzijo razumevanja obnašanja inovativnosti v (poslovnih) sistemih. Tudi z njeno pomočjo bomo spoznanja o odprtem inoviranju prelivali v novo vrednost v malih, srednjih in velikih podjetjih kot tudi na nivo lokalnih skupnosti, civilne družbe in osebnega razvoja. Naj bodo multiplikativni učinki vidni tudi v vašem okolju.

    OSTI JAREJ, Violeta

    »Operacijo delno financira Evropska unija, in sicer iz Evropskega socialnega sklada.«


    Kako lahko sodelujemo
    Kje se lahko srečamo
    Zanimive povezave

              Pomladni navdih iz vrst mladih   
    Kot v odnosu do vsega, kar je okoli nas, lahko tudi na mladino gledamo skozi filter radovednosti, ustvarjalnosti in navdušenja, ali pa skozi filter nihilizma, dekadence in samouničevanja. Obe skrajnosti, z odtenki oranžne in sive vmes, sta sestavni del življenja. Tudi pri mladih. A danes želim izraziti spoštovanje in navdušenje nad aktivnostmi naše/sodobne mladine. Bogati me njihova globalna vpetost in aktivna povezanost, čustvena zagnanost v odnosu do narave in živali ter njihovo kritično odzivanje na »uradne« resnice. Splet je njihov poligon za izražanje, hkrati pa pot do prvih podjetniških izkušenj. Najdem jih med odgovornimi vodnicami in načelnicami v taborniški organizaciji, kjer prenašajo svoj entuziazem na mlajše od sebe. Najdemo jih med najboljšimi v Evropi v agilitiju in mnogih drugih športih in dejavnostih. Prijateljstvo jih še dodatno krepi in razvija. Niso obupali nad frustracijami starejših generacij; padanje krink in krike krize sprejemajo kot normalen pojav, ki ga želijo preseči in si ustvariti svoj svet. Ničesar nam ne očitajo, kaj dosti pa se za naš svet ne zmenijo in prav nič ne žalujejo za starim. Anja Troha in Pina Maja Bulc sta poglede svoje generacije strnili v misli in dejanja, ki sledijo. To je njuna zgodba na krilih mnogih vibracij mladine 21. stoletja.

    V: Anja in Pina Maja – kdo sta?
    Sva dijakinji 3. letnika Gimnazije Moste. Večino prostega časa posvečava tabornikom, agilitiju, videu in fotografiji ter sprehodom v naravo. Zanima naju današnja družba, medsebojni odnosi ter življenje v tem prostoru in času. Kritično opazujeva svoje življenje in življenja najine generacije, ki so pogosto ujeta v začaran krog medijev, visokih standardov, sodobne tehnologije in boja v iskanju samega sebe.

    Slika: Pina Maja in Anja
     Vir: zasebni arhiv
    »Za naju je zelo pomembno povezovanje s tujino: izmenjave na osnovnih šolah, gimnazijah (Comenius), veseliva se tudi programa Erasmus na fakultetah.«
    V: Kakšna je torej naša mladina? Kakšni sta vidve?
    Mladi o sebi večkrat slišimo pripombe na podlagi stereotipov, ki pa so v večini neutemeljene in neresnične. Pa smo mladi v današnjem času res tako problematični in močno drugačni kot vi, naši starši, v vaši mladosti? Navidezno brez življenja in vrednot?
    Nam je jasno, da smo kar precej povezani s t. i. elektroniko, med vami pa se redko kdo zaveda, da smo mi otroci 21. stoletja in s tem prva generacija, ki je z virtualno tehnologijo odraščala od začetka. In morda ravno tu tiči razlog, zakaj se z njo tako hitro poistovetimo, se ji prilagajamo ter jo uspešno vključujemo v svoj vsakdan.

    Slika: Od tu in tam
    Vir: zasebni arhiv

    V: Kaj to pomeni? Kako uporabo tehnologij vključujete v svoj vsakdan?
    Hiter prenos informacij, neskončne baze podatkov, ki vključujejo vse: od svetovnih novic do zgodovinskih dejstev. Dnevna vremenska napoved, odhodi avtobusov ter nepričakovane spremembe v naših urnikih so samo klik stran. Prav tako ne smemo pozabiti na množična učna gradiva, kot so Wikipedia, spletne strani s šolskimi zapiski, z obnovami domačih branj ter podatki o avtorjih. Neskončna potovanja po spletnih straneh nam omogočajo dostop do geografskih, zgodovinskih, geoloških, bioloških, psiholoških ter družbeno koristnih informacij. Navsezadnje pa so tu še tudi spletne strani s slikami in videi iz celega sveta, ki nam dajejo živ vpogled v dogajanja celotnega planeta. Kot fotografi in ustvarjalci videoposnetkov med sabo komuniciramo, si izmenjujemo izkušnje, znanja in dogodivščine. In vse to, ne da bi se premaknili iz svojih domov. Seveda pa taka poznanstva lahko vodijo do globljih prijateljstev in s tem posledično do potovanj in odkrivanj vseh lepot sveta tudi osebno, v živo. Vzemimo za primer, da si kot dijak za projektno nalogo izbereš tradicionalno kulturo domačinov iz Ugande. Ker smo na gimnaziji imeli priložnost osebno spoznati tamkajšnjo mladino, ko je njihova skupina v sklopu enega od mednarodnih projektov obiskala tudi našo šolo, jih z lahkoto kontaktiramo preko socialnih omrežij ter dobimo informacije in slikovne materiale o njihovi državi iz prve roke.

    V: Mednarodni projekti imajo posebno težo in mesto v vajinem življenju ... Kakšno?
    Izmenjave in mednarodni projekti so zakon. Tudi naša šola, Gimnazija Moste, je v preteklih dveh letih sodelovala v mednarodnem projektu Comenius, ki ga financira EU, kar omogoča spoznavanje številnih narodov. Iz osebnih izkušenj lahko poveva, da sva z njegovo pomočjo spoznali Portugalsko, Poljsko, Italijo, Španijo, njihovo kulturo, jezik, navade, način življenja ter mišljenja sovrstnikov. Ravno zaradi vseh teh bogastev, ki se jih ne da kupiti, in zaradi zadovoljstva vseh sodelujočih se trudimo vzpostavljene odnose še razvijati.
    Slika: Od tu in tam
    Vir: zasebni