Filer’s Files #26 – 2017 Kepler Finds 4,034 Exoplanets   
Filer’s Files June 18, 2017 In special reports, this week’s files cover: NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope Finds 4,034 Exoplanets, High Speed Space Ship Earth, UFOs and Dr .Claude Poher, ex Gepan Director,  Confrontations in the North Atlantic, Star Wars, UFO and Moon Photos, President Reagan’s Diary, Reagan Star Wars Test Site, Fiery Cross Island, and Tiahuanaco Bolivia […]
          Científicos enviarán mensaje al Sistema Solar Próxima Centauri   

Contenido original www.mundooculto.es

El establecimiento de comunicación con civilizaciones extraterrestres podría comenzar en el 2018, cuando los científicos de la Iniciativa Mensajes a Inteligencias Extraterrestres, del Instituto SETI enviará mensajes al exoplaneta habitable más cercano a nosotros, el cual órbita a la estrella Próxima Centauri. Las señales que se enviarán al planeta Próxima B, un mundo que podría contar […]

La entrada Científicos enviarán mensaje al Sistema Solar Próxima Centauri aparece primero en Mundo oculto.


          Scientists have discovered the hottest planet in the universe   

RTR2D41B

Scientists have found one of the craziest exoplanets yet. It's a huge gas giant not unlike our Solar System's own Jupiter, but it travels around its star in just 1.5 days, with a surface hotter than most stars.

The planet orbits a blazing star called KELT-9, which is some 650 light-years away. It's the first time astronomers have detected a planet near a star this hot, and it's different from anything they've seen before.

For one, KELT-9b is crazy hot, as its surface reaches around 4,600 Kelvin on the day side. For comparison, the surface of our Sun is around 5,800 Kelvin, and even its closest planet Mercury only reaches a measly 700 Kelvin on the surface.

The reason for this insane heat is the intimate proximity the gas giant has to its host star, which is itself among some of the hottest stars we know, reaching temperatures of roughly 10,170 Kelvin.

"It would be fair to say that this planet is hotter than at least 80 percent of all known stars, which is just mind-blowing," astronomer Jonti Horner from the University of Southern Queensland, who wasn't involved in the research, told ScienceAlert.

"It's essentially skimming the surface of its star, and the star itself is much more luminous and much hotter than our Sun. [It makes] this the hottest planet we've found to date by quite a long margin, by more than a thousand degrees."

jupiter cassini migration

As a gas giant, KELT-9b is actually 2.8 times more massive than Jupiter, but only half as dense, as its atmosphere is constantly blasted by its intense host star.

"It's a planet by any of the typical definitions based on mass, but its atmosphere is almost certainly unlike any other planet we've ever seen just because of the temperature of its day side," one of the researchers, astronomer Scott Gaudi from Ohio State University, said in a press statement.

In fact, the planet is suffering such intense heat, researchers are surprised it exists at all.

"I'm genuinely surprised to see this planet," Swinburne University astronomer Alan Duffy, who wasn't involved in the study, told ScienceAlert.

"Because when you have a very massive, very bright star, the force of its radiation is so intense that it can actually blast the material away from around it. There's just not a lot of gas and dust left to form these [planets]."

The harsh conditions in the vicinity of KELT-9 are likely to make this newfound planet's life both short and cruel. The team estimates that the planet is losing at least 10 million kilograms of mass per second (22 million pounds), possibly forming a tail similar to those we see on comets.

That means it probably won't be long before the planet is either completely gone, or blasted down to a barren, solid rock core (we don't yet know if planets like KELT-9b have rocky cores or not).

The study was co-authored by an international team of researchers and amateur astronomers, and according to Horner, it involved some truly challenging observations.

"This is pushing back the edge of what we can achieve technologically as well as what we know could be out there," he told ScienceAlert. "This is groundbreaking in many, many ways."

Scientists typically focus on finding exoplanets around smaller, dimmer stars akin to our Sun, because they're easier to spot and carry the promise of discovering livable planets outside our own corner of the galaxy.

But this new glimpse at hellish KELT-9b widens our understanding of what could be out there, and how planets are born and destroyed.

"It means that we can be perhaps even more audacious and imagine that we can have planets around even larger and brighter stars than we've ever hoped," Duffy told ScienceAlert.

Now that they've made this fascinating discovery, researchers hope to get a better look at KELT-9b with other telescopes soon, including the powerful James Webb Space Telescope that NASA is launching next year.

SEE ALSO: Elon Musk spent $1 billion developing SpaceX's reusable rockets — here's how fast he might recoup it all

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Uranus is officially the weirdest planet in our solar system


          Astrophiz Podcast 33 is Out   
Astrophiz Podcast 33 is out now.

Our feature interview is with Dr Elodie Thilliez. Elodie is a Data Scientist at the Deakin University Software and Technology Innovation Laboratory in Melbourne Australia. 
 
She completed her PhD at the Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing at Swinburne University. 
 
Elodie tells us about her research into debris disks and the role of big data in modern astronomy. Follow Elodie on Twitter as @ET_Astro

I tell you when and where to find our planets, how to catch the Eta Aquariid meteor shower this weekend (a bit late I know), exoplanets and rings around asteroids.

In the news:
With the Cassini mission all over the internet, we instead give you the background on Cassini the scientist.

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772) onlinedown.net
773) ft.com
774) haberturk.com
775) howstuffworks.com
776) cnbeta.com
777) nk.pl
778) traidnt.net
779) orbitz.com
780) masrawy.com
781) freeones.com
782) myfreecams.com
783) google.co.nz
784) rtl.de
785) dict.cc
786) taleo.net
787) usbank.com
788) 7k7k.com
789) dealextreme.com
790) marktplaats.nl
791) pixnet.net
792) td.com
793) iteye.com
794) empflix.com
795) yiqifa.com
796) trulia.com
797) gap.com
798) yocc.net
799) 4chan.org
800) ahram.org.eg
801) magentocommerce.com
802) tf1.fr
803) linkbucks.com
804) goo.gl
805) alertpay.com
806) youjizzlive.com
807) seriesyonkis.com
808) asg.to
809) 178.com
810) me.com
811) opera.com
812) pornhost.com
813) sears.com
814) articlesbase.com
815) nikkei.com
816) metrolyrics.com
817) noaa.gov
818) trafficholder.com
819) picnik.com
820) rakuten.ne.jp
821) made-in-china.com
822) jeuxvideo.com
823) npr.org
824) zendesk.com
825) logmein.com
826) orf.at
827) okwave.jp
828) skycn.com
829) pagesjaunes.fr
830) google.com.kw
831) iciba.com
832) cbssports.com
833) examiner.com
834) tubegalore.com
835) namecheap.com
836) livescore.com
837) 9kele.com
838) discoverbing.com
839) pornerbros.com
840) nypost.com
841) java.com
842) liveperson.net
843) independent.co.uk
844) ninemsn.com.au
845) vivanews.com
846) icq.com
847) marketgid.com
848) pcworld.com
849) nokia.com
850) nipic.com
851) intuit.com
852) gazzetta.it
853) r7.com
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855) gamefaqs.com
856) zappos.com
857) ads8.com
858) justdial.com
859) bahn.de
860) pokerstrategy.com
861) perezhilton.com
862) google.lk
863) iconfinder.com
864) macys.com
865) google.bg
866) adultadworld.com
867) mail.com
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870) exbii.com
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872) nextmedia.com
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874) fastclick.com
875) compete.com
876) webhostingtalk.com
877) sueddeutsche.de
878) nydailynews.com
879) firstload.com
880) cbslocal.com
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882) kicker.de
883) lenovo.com
884) goodreads.com
885) wn.com
886) hostmonster.com
887) blogsky.com
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889) sxc.hu
890) dafont.com
891) mainichi.jp
892) tenpay.com
893) mangareader.net
894) google.az
895) 55tuan.com
896) m-w.com
897) foodnetwork.com
898) zoho.com
899) gumtree.com
900) uploaded.to
901) 24h.com.vn
902) google.com.qa
903) chinabroadcast.cn
904) novinky.cz
905) linternaute.com
906) groupon.de
907) httptrack.com
908) logsoku.com
909) woot.com
910) seowhy.com
911) acesse.com
912) mangafox.com
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920) ikariam.com
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924) cloob.com
925) ticketmaster.com
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928) clarin.com
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930) allabout.co.jp
931) linkhelper.cn
932) chinadaily.com.cn
933) movie2k.to
934) delta.com
935) gawker.com
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937) giveawayoftheday.com
938) filecrop.com
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940) vistaprint.com
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942) politico.com
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946) vente-privee.com
947) discovery.com
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950) technorati.com
951) meteofrance.com
952) icicibank.co.in
953) uuu9.com
954) 6.cn
955) networksolutions.com
956) tinyurl.com
957) auto.ru
958) codecanyon.net
959) shopathome.com
960) armorgames.com
961) nikkansports.com
962) nikkeibp.co.jp
963) pcmag.com
964) makeuseof.com
965) spotify.com
966) quora.com
967) apache.org
968) incredimail.com
969) google.com.do
970) fishki.net
971) 37see.com
972) ilmeteo.it
973) naver.jp
974) eventbrite.com
975) 78day.com
976) ibtimes.com
977) jalan.net
978) ip138.com
979) panoramio.com
980) norton.com
981) nationalgeographic.com
982) weiphone.com
983) docstoc.com
984) topix.com
985) plimus.com
986) streamate.com
987) tabnak.ir
988) hawaaworld.com
989) yoo7.com
990) onetad.com
991) postbank.de
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995) google.kz
996) rightmove.co.uk
997) y8.com
998) markosweb.com
999) europa.eu
1000) searchengineland.com
1001) china.com.cn
1002) blackhatteam.com
1003) ct10000.com
1004) tistory.com
1005) aruba.it
1006) doctissimo.fr
1007) google.com.ec
1008) alot.com
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1010) kongregate.com
1011) box.net
1012) stern.de
1013) fandango.com
1014) warriorplus.com
1015) rutube.ru
1016) craigslist.ca
1017) gamer.com.tw
1018) aibang.com
1019) xici.net
1020) noticias24.com
1021) ryanair.com
1022) 1and1.com
1023) focus.de
1024) klikbca.com
1025) fifa.com
1026) pantip.com
1027) worldstarhiphop.com
1028) failblog.org
1029) indianrail.gov.in
1030) yousendit.com
1031) buysellads.com
1032) idealo.de
1033) ria.ru
1034) staples.com
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1036) indiamart.com
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1038) chicagotribune.com
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1040) cuevana.tv
1041) yam.com
1042) asos.com
1043) friendfeed.com
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1045) yimg.com
1046) aufeminin.com
1047) gnavi.co.jp
1048) hh.ru
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1052) egotastic.com
1053) cookpad.com
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1058) gamezer.com
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1063) gstatic.com
1064) subscene.com
1065) livestream.com
1066) pog.com
1067) newsru.com
1068) jcpenney.com
1069) wikimapia.org
1070) tataindicom.com
1071) letsbonus.com
1072) wer-kennt-wen.de
1073) baomihua.com
1074) 888.com
1075) japanpost.jp
1076) veoh.com
1077) 24quan.com
1078) ynet.co.il
1079) 120ask.com
1080) arabseed.com
1081) fastpic.ru
1082) laredoute.fr
1083) subscribe.ru
1084) groupalia.com
1085) porntube.com
1086) bhphotovideo.com
1087) steampowered.com
1088) ebay.ca
1089) bigfishgames.com
1090) getclicky.com
1091) zdnet.com
1092) airtelforum.com
1093) cz.cc
1094) gazeta.ru
1095) pr-cy.ru
1096) alarabiya.net
1097) sabah.com.tr
1098) mylife.com
1099) groupon.co.uk
1100) groupon.it
1101) shaadi.com
1102) 5d6d.com
1103) slate.com
1104) woothemes.com
1105) weather.gov
1106) 52pk.net
1107) zedge.net
1108) merchantcircle.com
1109) costco.com
1110) ted.com
1111) hattrick.org
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1113) eonline.com
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1115) kohls.com
1116) ebay.es
1117) celebuzz.com
1118) cinetube.es
1119) proboards.com
1120) buzzfeed.com
1121) state.gov
1122) yandex.net
1123) shinobi.jp
1124) commbank.com.au
1125) ew.com
1126) liveleak.com
1127) flipkart.com
1128) mamba.ru
1129) zanox.com
1130) myp2p.eu
1131) eqla3.com
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1154) deutsche-bank.de
1155) 01net.com
1156) tube8live.com
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1160) barclays.co.uk
1161) shopping.com
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1163) lycos.com
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1167) pingomatic.com
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1170) userporn.com
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1172) mp3raid.com
1173) google.hr
1174) detiknews.com
1175) free-lance.ru
1176) kitco.com
1177) lanacion.com.ar
1178) easyhits4u.com
1179) funshion.com
1180) pixmania.com
1181) mobile9.com
1182) ggpht.com
1183) msn.com.cn
1184) jiji.com
1185) sedo.com
1186) 91mangrandi.com
1187) autotrader.com
1188) t-mobile.com
1189) ing.nl
1190) citysearch.com
1191) mihandownload.com
1192) vesti.ru
1193) r10.net
1194) joy.cn
1195) startimes.com
1196) infobae.com
1197) cisco.com
1198) sunporno.com
1199) ip-adress.com
1200) seekingalpha.com
1201) simplyhired.com
1202) dynamicdrive.com
1203) onlinesbi.com
1204) yihaodian.com
1205) payserve.com
1206) ozon.ru
1207) prchecker.info
1208) citrixonline.com
1209) zaobao.com
1210) elcomercio.pe
1211) yaplog.jp
1212) dagbladet.no
1213) en.wordpress.com
1214) programme-tv.net
1215) aa.com
1216) twcczhu.com
1217) ulink.cc
1218) dpreview.com
1219) mediatakeout.com
1220) partycasino.com
1221) hilton.com
1222) copyscape.com
1223) avast.com
1224) realitykings.com
1225) yandex.kz
1226) 86mmo.com
1227) mohegunsun.com
1228) fling.com
1229) extremetube.com
1230) rk.com
1231) perfectgirls.net
1232) xkcd.com
1233) plala.or.jp
1234) dl4all.com
1235) sendspace.com
1236) itmedia.co.jp
1237) ansa.it
1238) sdo.com
1239) google.lt
1240) reliancenetconnect.co.in
1241) thechive.com
1242) opensiteexplorer.org
1243) hinet.net
1244) tdcanadatrust.com
1245) shangdu.com
1246) nuomi.com
1247) avaxhome.ws
1248) keepvid.com
1249) groupon.ru
1250) kioskea.net
1251) blinkx.com
1252) marriott.com
1253) mercadolibre.com
1254) ebuddy.com
1255) yoka.com
1256) yallakora.com
1257) tiscali.it
1258) whois.net
1259) m5zn.com
1260) smowtion.com
1261) jma.go.jp
1262) playstation.com
1263) babytree.com
1264) bidvertiser.com
1265) newsmax.com
1266) pchome.com.tw
1267) instructables.com
1268) 88db.com
1269) google.by
1270) mazika2day.com
1271) 1stwebdesigner.com
1272) wahoha.com
1273) tomshardware.com
1274) eastday.com
1275) easyjet.com
1276) fixya.com
1277) jrj.com.cn
1278) panet.co.il
1279) 9gag.com
1280) oricon.co.jp
1281) affili.net
1282) ccb.com
1283) zoosk.com
1284) wowhead.com
1285) bigresource.com
1286) bookryanair.com
1287) yahoo-mbga.jp
1288) thepostgame.com
1289) nordstrom.com
1290) shufuni.com
1291) udn.com
1292) news24.com
1293) cyworld.com
1294) pornoxo.com
1295) medicinenet.com
1296) ea.com
1297) behance.net
1298) sprint.com
1299) ilivid.com
1300) poringa.net
1301) kp.ru
1302) googlelabs.com
1303) voyages-sncf.com
1304) edeng.cn
1305) moneybookers.com
1306) zwaar.net
1307) no-ip.com
1308) video2mp3.net
1309) techweb.com.cn
1310) 1o26.com
1311) olx.in
1312) collegehumor.com
1313) biblegateway.com
1314) disqus.com
1315) lonelyplanet.com
1316) diigo.com
1317) theweathernetwork.com
1318) vagos.es
1319) grepolis.com
1320) tripadvisor.co.uk
1321) legacy.com
1322) easy-share.com
1323) ubuntuforums.org
1324) bitshare.com
1325) 360doc.com
1326) fidelity.com
1327) template-help.com
1328) fanfiction.net
1329) chinabyte.com
1330) leagueoflegends.com
1331) zshare.net
1332) univision.com
1333) mbank.com.pl
1334) xyxy.net
1335) iltalehti.fi
1336) netvibes.com
1337) pho.to
1338) toysrus.com
1339) thenextweb.com
1340) lastminute.com
1341) ksl.com
1342) myyearbook.com
1343) n-tv.de
1344) met-art.com
1345) tut.by
1346) speedbit.com
1347) blocket.se
1348) ioffer.com
1349) cafemom.com
1350) pole-emploi.fr
1351) piriform.com
1352) google.iq
1353) girlsgogames.com
1354) bbb.org
1355) farsnews.com
1356) newgrounds.com
1357) cbc.ca
1358) priceminister.com
1359) virginmedia.com
1360) ovi.com
1361) bookofsex.com
1362) tigerdirect.com
1363) gumtree.co.za
1364) boc.cn
1365) thedailybeast.com
1366) monsterindia.com
1367) videobash.com
1368) esmas.com
1369) victoriassecret.com
1370) premierleague.com
1371) akhbarak.net
1372) ole.com.ar
1373) betfair.com
1374) screencast.com
1375) ad6media.fr
1376) daniweb.com
1377) szn.cz
1378) fanpop.com
1379) slashdot.org
1380) shoplocal.com
1381) reverso.net
1382) iza.ne.jp
1383) ubuntu.com
1384) finn.no
1385) ppstream.com
1386) 91.com
1387) tesco.com
1388) sport.es
1389) natwest.com
1390) sp.gov.br
1391) hotwire.com
1392) vid2c.com
1393) stanford.edu
1394) onbux.com
1395) codeproject.com
1396) nike.com
1397) google.com.bd
1398) 2leep.com
1399) webry.info
1400) abc.net.au
1401) cleartrip.com
1402) discovercard.com
1403) shop-pro.jp
1404) whirlpool.net.au
1405) microsoftonline.com
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1420) gfan.com
1421) tagesschau.de
1422) mit.edu
1423) talkfusion.com
1424) mts.ru
1425) autoscout24.de
1426) wayn.com
1427) dospy.com
1428) gmw.cn
1429) downloadhelper.net
1430) weblio.jp
1431) tvguide.com
1432) economist.com
1433) incrasebux.com
1434) overthumbs.com
1435) cbs.com
1436) hm.com
1437) cafepress.com
1438) rednet.cn
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1440) 27.cn
1441) plurk.com
1442) accountonline.com
1443) walgreens.com
1444) gayromeo.com
1445) smartresponder.ru
1446) bramjnet.com
1447) zap2it.com
1448) zcool.com.cn
1449) studiopress.com
1450) ap.org
1451) chefkoch.de
1452) angelfire.com
1453) theglobeandmail.com
1454) mp3skull.com
1455) 20minutos.es
1456) pornorama.com
1457) canalblog.com
1458) 2chblog.jp
1459) index.hu
1460) digitalprose.com
1461) dhl.de
1462) clubic.com
1463) adriver.ru
1464) argos.co.uk
1465) globe7.com
1466) google.co.ke
1467) telecomitalia.it
1468) eztv.it
1469) wmtransfer.com
1470) videosurf.com
1471) yatra.com
1472) debonairblog.com
1473) mayoclinic.com
1474) foxtab.com
1475) sony.com
1476) phpwind.net
1477) moneysavingexpert.com
1478) discuss.com.hk
1479) google.com.om
1480) pixhost.org
1481) ftuan.com
1482) addictinggames.com
1483) moviefone.com
1484) qingdaonews.com
1485) stackexchange.com
1486) skyscrapercity.com
1487) zaycev.net
1488) yolasite.com
1489) prestashop.com
1490) forumcommunity.net
1491) pcauto.com.cn
1492) tokobagus.com
1493) club-asteria.com
1494) tebyan.net
1495) hotpepper.jp
1496) xxxmatch.com
1497) detiksport.com
1498) digitalmarketer.com
1499) daqi.com
1500) realclearpolitics.com
1501) theage.com.au
1502) airbnb.com
1503) gogetlinks.net
1504) deezer.com
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1506) ebookee.org
1507) bodisparking.com
1508) wetteronline.de
1509) rockettheme.com
1510) buzzle.com
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1512) blogmura.com
1513) googlesyndication.com
1514) sedoparking.com
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1517) buy.com
1518) heyos.com
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1520) berkeley.edu
1521) cdiscount.com
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1525) ddmap.com
1526) azlyrics.com
1527) khabaronline.ir
1528) google.tn
1529) adbrite.com
1530) adsense-id.com
1531) forumfree.it
1532) sanjesh.org
1533) irs.gov
1534) css-tricks.com
1535) mercola.com
1536) transfermarkt.de
1537) advertstream.com
1538) dion.ne.jp
1539) jang.com.pk
1540) evernote.com
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1557) derstandard.at
1558) apserver.net
1559) real.com
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1561) rackspace.com
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1563) metafilter.com
1564) ligatus.com
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1568) freeporn.com
1569) couchsurfing.org
1570) 3992929.com
1571) fatwallet.com
1572) yandex.by
1573) otto.de
1574) mapion.co.jp
1575) authorize.net
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1577) seitwert.de
1578) google.com.gt
1579) mydala.com
1580) ruten.com.tw
1581) o2.pl
1582) venere.com
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1587) oyunlar1.com
1588) gd118114.cn
1589) deviantclip.com
1590) leparisien.fr
1591) wimp.com
1592) cloudfront.net
1593) forexfactory.com
1594) msn.co.jp
1595) dpstream.net
1596) cnr.cn
1597) zalando.de
1598) santabanta.com
1599) e-hentai.org
1600) pudelek.pl
1601) drom.ru
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1603) 55bbs.com
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1608) trademe.co.nz
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1610) google.si
1611) reverbnation.com
1612) cpanel.net
1613) jappy.de
1614) zeit.de
1615) gametrailers.com
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1617) fnac.com
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1619) rivals.com
1620) seopult.ru
1621) ycombinator.com
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1911) unkar.org
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1914) realestate.com.au
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1954) kickstarter.com
1955) travian.com
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1957) peeplo.com
1958) zozo.jp
1959) unaico.com
1960) weheartit.com
1961) flixya.com
1962) techtudo.com.br
1963) justanswer.com
1964) forums.wordpress.com
1965) superjob.ru
1966) dbank.com
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1968) iltasanomat.fi
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1970) washingtontimes.com
1971) bradesco.com.br
1972) downloadweb.org
1973) abc.es
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1978) pornolab.net
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1981) 3366.com
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1983) chroniccommissions.com
1984) freeonlinegames.com
1985) travian.ir
1986) xmarks.com
1987) gob.ve
1988) mirror.co.uk
1989) oschina.net
1990) eversave.com
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1992) wisegeek.com
1993) kbb.com
1994) iwebtool.com
1995) 60photos.com
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1999) zippyshare.com
2000) buienradar.nl
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2002) milenio.com
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2005) internetdownloadmanager.com
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2007) surveyrouter.com
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2009) abola.pt
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2011) moonbasa.com
2012) pandora.tv
2013) vnet.cn
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2017) socialmediaexaminer.com
2018) hotmail.com
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2020) ed.gov
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261
          Scientists have discovered the hottest planet in the universe   

RTR2D41BScientists have found one of the craziest exoplanets yet. It's a huge gas giant not unlike our Solar System's own Jupiter, but it travels around its star in just 1.5 days, with a surface hotter than most stars.

The planet orbits a blazing star called KELT-9, which is some 650 light-years away. It's the first time astronomers have detected a planet near a star this hot, and it's different from anything they've seen before.

For one, KELT-9b is crazy hot, as its surface reaches around 4,600 Kelvin on the day side. For comparison, the surface of our Sun is around 5,800 Kelvin, and even its closest planet Mercury only reaches a measly 700 Kelvin on the surface.

The reason for this insane heat is the intimate proximity the gas giant has to its host star, which is itself among some of the hottest stars we know, reaching temperatures of roughly 10,170 Kelvin.

"It would be fair to say that this planet is hotter than at least 80 percent of all known stars, which is just mind-blowing," astronomer Jonti Horner from the University of Southern Queensland, who wasn't involved in the research, told ScienceAlert.

"It's essentially skimming the surface of its star, and the star itself is much more luminous and much hotter than our Sun. [It makes] this the hottest planet we've found to date by quite a long margin, by more than a thousand degrees."

jupiter cassini migrationNASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

As a gas giant, KELT-9b is actually 2.8 times more massive than Jupiter, but only half as dense, as its atmosphere is constantly blasted by its intense host star.

"It's a planet by any of the typical definitions based on mass, but its atmosphere is almost certainly unlike any other planet we've ever seen just because of the temperature of its day side," one of the researchers, astronomer Scott Gaudi from Ohio State University, said in a press statement.

In fact, the planet is suffering such intense heat, researchers are surprised it exists at all.

"I'm genuinely surprised to see this planet," Swinburne University astronomer Alan Duffy, who wasn't involved in the study, told ScienceAlert.

"Because when you have a very massive, very bright star, the force of its radiation is so intense that it can actually blast the material away from around it. There's just not a lot of gas and dust left to form these [planets]."

The harsh conditions in the vicinity of KELT-9 are likely to make this newfound planet's life both short and cruel. The team estimates that the planet is losing at least 10 million kilograms of mass per second (22 million pounds), possibly forming a tail similar to those we see on comets.

That means it probably won't be long before the planet is either completely gone, or blasted down to a barren, solid rock core (we don't yet know if planets like KELT-9b have rocky cores or not).

The study was co-authored by an international team of researchers and amateur astronomers, and according to Horner, it involved some truly challenging observations.

"This is pushing back the edge of what we can achieve technologically as well as what we know could be out there," he told ScienceAlert. "This is groundbreaking in many, many ways."

Scientists typically focus on finding exoplanets around smaller, dimmer stars akin to our Sun, because they're easier to spot and carry the promise of discovering livable planets outside our own corner of the galaxy.

But this new glimpse at hellish KELT-9b widens our understanding of what could be out there, and how planets are born and destroyed.

"It means that we can be perhaps even more audacious and imagine that we can have planets around even larger and brighter stars than we've ever hoped," Duffy told ScienceAlert.

Now that they've made this fascinating discovery, researchers hope to get a better look at KELT-9b with other telescopes soon, including the powerful James Webb Space Telescope that NASA is launching next year.

NOW WATCH: Uranus is officially the weirdest planet in our solar system


          Possible Nearby Exoplanet Smaller than Earth (Update)   
Astronomers using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope have detected what they believe is an alien world just two-thirds the size of Earth - one of the smallest on record!
          The Art of Exoplanets   
While astronomers have identified over 500 planets around other stars, they’re all too small and distant to fill even a single pixel in our most powerful telescopes. That’s why science must rely on art to help us imagine these strange new worlds.
          Planeta habitável a 25.000 anos luz   


Graças ao método de lente gravitacional, que consiste em observar a curvatura da luz das estrelas (ou o conjunto delas), que passa a observar planetas que passam na frente delas cuja luminosidade fica mais fraca, astrônomos de Israel, Polônia, Japão e Nova Zelândia, detectado um exoplaneta em uma zona habitável, a cerca de 25.000 anos-luz.




Recordemos que uma "zona habitável" é aquela em que um planeta está dentro da distância necessária de sua estrela, sendo assim, a temperatura manteria a sua água no estado líquido, como acontece com a nossa Terra.




MOA -2011- BLG- 293Lb, como foi chamado o corpo celeste, se encontra no bojo galáctico da Via Láctea, orbitando um Sol 0,86 vezes maior que o nosso e possui uma massa cinco vezes maior que a de Júpiter. Ele é composto de gás e possui várias luas, lugar onde a vida poderia se desenvolver.




O planeta já tinha sido detectado em um par de anos atrás, mas não tinha sido comprovado até a análise posterior com os telescópios Keck , no Havaí, que identificou as características do corpo e do sistema solar em que ele esta inserido.

          Kepler Loses Another Reaction Wheel.   
It was Deja Vu all over again yesterday, as the Kepler team at NASA announced the probable failure of the spacecraft's second reaction wheel. Kepler is a NASA satellite searching for exoplanets (planets outside our solar system) by finding stars with periodic variation in their brightness, which would indicate planets passing in front of them. Kepler needs three working reaction wheels in order to maintain the necessary level of pointing precision for science operations. It lost reaction wheel #2 back in 2012, so it's been operating without a spare ever since. I first wrote about Kepler in January 2013, when Reaction Wheel #4 (the second reaction wheel to exhibit problems) was showing signs of degradation and poor performance. After a ten day rest period, which operators hoped would redistribute lubricant in the reaction wheel and allow it to spin more easily, the Kepler team returned the spacecraft to full operations with the hopes that the wheel could hang in there. Turns out, it couldn't.
The location of Kepler's reaction wheels.
Source: NASA

On Wednesday NASA announced that the wheel seemed to have failed again. During a semi-weekly contact with Kepler, operators found the spacecraft unexpectedly in safe mode, which is what the spacecraft does when it detects something is wrong. In this mode it ceases science operations and faces the sun to gather as much power as possible, allowing the communicating line with Earth to drop in and out as it spins around the Sun. When operators commanded the reaction wheels to stop rotating the vehicle in order to maintain the communication link, reaction wheel 4 stopped spinning, but maintained full torque, meaning that it was trying as hard as it could to spin up but was not moving at all. This behavior likely indicates a structural failure of the wheel bearing. In other words, bad news bears.

NASA says the Kepler mission was originally only 3.5 years, so technically Kepler completed all of its mission goals. However, it is standard for missions like this to low-ball the life expectancy so that they can tell congress it will cost less, and claim 100 percent mission success even if something goes wrong later in the life of the spacecraft. In reality, missions are often extended for 2-5 times the original mission life. When Kepler reached its original 3.5 year mission goal in 2012, funding for the satellite was extended for six more years. There had been more noise than anticipated in Kepler's data, due to worse than expected signal and more noise than anticipated in the spacecraft, so observations were taking longer than originally expected. It was estimated that Kepler would take until 2015 to fulfill all of it's mission goals. So, if Kepler is headed for hospice, it will have reached it's originally planned mission life, but not entirely fulfilled it's mission goals.

But all is not lost! Kepler operators have not given up on attempts to resuscitate the wheel. They plan to try jump starting it by sending start and stop commands in rapid succession, and perhaps spinning it in the opposite direction. If all attempts fail, they may investigate pursuing other science goals using a scanning mode, where 3-axis control is not necessary.

Even if rejuvenation in some form is not possible, the mission is far from a bust. Kepler has made significant contributions to science and the search for planets. It has identified 2740 candidate stars, and led scientists to estimate that there are at least 17 billion Earth-sized exoplanets in the Milky Way Galaxy alone. There is also a huge trove of data from Kepler that has not been analyzed yet, and will provide fodder for research and discovery for years to come. There may very well be data revealing an Earth-sized star in the habitable zone of a far-away planet, just sitting on a server somewhere waiting to be extracted. And Kepler is just the beginning of that search - NASA is already planning the next generation of exoplanet-finding telescopes, starting with TESS, which would launch in 2017.
          The Art Worlds   
Since the announcement in February of this year that the nearby star TRAPPIST-1 has seven earth-size planets orbiting it, popular understanding of its complex orbital mechanics has been enhanced by insights from Jazz Music and a Graphic Novel.
          A Pale Red Dot: The Closest Exoplanet   
The Pale Red Dot project has found a planet. It is a terrestrial planet, orbiting in the formal habitable zone of Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to the Solar System. Proxima Centauri is a low mass red dwarf, and is part of a triple system, the other two stars being α Centauri A and B,…
          Sand worms and lightning: Aven Colony takes city-building to exoplanets   
A city-building game set at the start of humanity's galactic civilization era.
          Matt Granite, Michael Summers, Morning Show Feud   
Matt Granite - Ways 2 Save, Michael Summers - Exoplanets, Morning Show Feud - I-X Piston Powered Auto Show
          NASA identifies 219 new planet candidates - and 10 potential 'Earths'   
Our knowledge of the galaxy just expanded significantly, thanks to NASA's Kepler space telescope. The exoplanet-finding machine just discovered 219 new planet candidates - and 10 are roughly the size of Earth and close enough to a star that water might pool on their surface. [...]
          Astronomers Discover New Planet Less Than 20 Million Years Old   
The newly discovered exoplanet is a mere 20 million years old and could provide valuable insights as to how planets formed in our own solar system.
          Penasaran Alien, NASA Bentuk Tim Pemburu ExtraTerrestrial Baru Bernama “NExSS”   
Penasaran Ada Alien, Akhirnya NASA Bentuk Tim Pemburu Extra-Terrestrial Baru Bernama “NExSS” Badan Antariksa Amerika Serikat (NASA) telah membentuk tim khusus yang ditugaskan untuk mencari kehidupan di luar planet Bumi. Tim tersebut bernama the Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS), … Baca lebih lanjut
          Exoplanet besteht überwiegend aus Wasser   

Ein Astronomen-Team berichtet über einen exotischen Exoplaneten der Größe des Neptun, der überwiegend aus Wasser besteht.

File Download (4:31 min / 4 MB)


          Corot findet seinen ersten Exoplaneten   

Der auf Exoplaneten spezialisierte europäische Satellit lieferte Daten von überraschender Genauigkeit über einen fernen Riesenplaneten und seinen Stern.

File Download (7:12 min / 7 MB)


          Stürmische Exoplaneten   

Ein Forscherteam untersuchte die Temperaturen auf extrasolaren Planeten. Überraschenderweise sind jedoch kaum Temperaturunterschiede bei den drei betroffenen Planeten zwischen Tag- und Nachtseite vorhanden. Schuld daran könnten starke Winde sein, die für einen Temperaturausgleich sorgen.

File Download (4:03 min / 3.7 MB)


          COROT startet zur Suche nach Exoplaneten   

Das europäische Weltraumteleskop COROT startete am Mittwoch auf einer Sojus-Rakete. Mit COROT sollen extrasolare Planeten entdeckt und Vorgänge im Inneren der Sterne beobachtet werden.

File Download (3:45 min / 3.5 MB)


          Gravitationslinse verrät Exoplaneten   

Am äußeren Rand eines 9000 Lichtjahre entfernten Planetensystems wurde ein Exoplanet entdeckt. Diese „Supererde“ ist der zweite Planet dieser Art und deutet darauf hin, dass diese kalten Welten überraschend häufig sein könnten.

File Download (4:10 min / 3.8 MB)


          Temperaturmessung eines Exoplaneten   

Mit dem Weltraumteleskop Spitzer konnte die Temperatur des der Erde am nächsten liegenden Exoplaneten gemessen werden.

File Download (3:50 min / 3.5 MB)


          Residents of New Exoplanet Would Retire at Age 2120   

Upside’s analysis of the data about Proxima b reveals interesting comparisons and facts, including that residents would graduate from high school when they’re 587 “years” old.

(PRWeb August 26, 2016)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2016/08/prweb13641548.htm


          PLANET BESAR DENGAN ARAH JALAN TERBALIK   

TELAH DITEMUKAN, PLANET BESAR DENGAN ARAH JALAN TERBALIK

Sebuah planet yang besarnya dua kali Jupiter ditemukan. Yang unik, planet ini tak sama dengan planet lainnya, ia bergerak dalam arah yang salah!.  Planet yang dinamai WASP-17 ditemukan para pemburu planet Inggris mengorbit sebuah bintang yang jaraknya 1000 tahun cahaya. Sama seperti planet lainnya, WASP-17 juga terbentuk dari awan gas yang sama yang membentuk bintang, karena itu diharapkan ia akan bergerak pada arah yang sama dengan putaran bintang. Tapi yang terjadi justru sebaliknya.
David Anderson dari Keele University dan Amaury Triaud dari Observatorium Geneva menemukan kalau si WASP-17 ini bergerak pada arah sebaliknya. Dan ini berarti WASP-17 merupakan planet pertama yang bergerak dalam orbit “retrograde”. Bagaimana mungkin? Tampaknya WASP-17 terlibat dalam tabrakan di area tersebut dengan sebuah planet di awal sejarah hidupnya.

Di masa awal sejarah hidupnya WASP-17 merupakan korban permainan bilyar planet yang kemudian terhempas masuk dalam orbit yang tidak biasa akibat pertemuannya dengan planet “saudara tuanya”. Kalau kata Shakespeare, “dua planet tak bisa mendiami orbit yang sama, seperti halnya tak mungkin ada dua raja di Inggris”. Dan WASP-17 memang membuktikan kalau kata-kata itu benar adanya.
Kisah-kisah awal mula pembentukan planet memang penuh dengan berbagai kejadian yang penuh kekerasan. Tabrakan dimana-mana, bahkan Bulan pun diyakini terbentuk saat planet sebesar Mars bertabrakan dengan Bumi yang baru saja terbentuk. Tabrakan yang diyakini melontarkan sejumlah awan reruntuhan ke angkasa dan reruntuhan inilah yang kemudian bersatu membentuk Bulan. Jadi tak heran kalau Sistem Keplanetan yang baru terbentuk merupakan tempat yang keras dan penuh kekejaman.
Kondisi awal yang penuh kekejaman inilah yang diperkirakan menyebabkan adanya umban gravitasi yang melontarkannya ke orbit sebaliknya ini.
Dalam pengamatan WASP-17, yang pertama kali menarik perhatian adalah ukurannya yang sangat besar. Dan meskipun massanya hanya 1,5 kali massa Jupiter, ukurannya justru mencapai 2 kali ukuran Jupiter sehingga WASP-17 jadi planet terbesar saat ini.
Sudah sejak lama para astronom bertanya-tanya mengapa sebagian exoplanet lebih besar dari yang diharapkan. Dan kehadiran WASP-17 diharapkan akan memberikan penjelasan. Berada pada orbit retrograde dan elips, WASP-17 memiliki pasang surut yang kuat. Pemampatan dan tarikan akibat pasag surut akan memanaskan planet gas raksasa ini ke kondisinya yang sekarang, menjadi benda raksasa yang menggembung.
Kerapatan planet ini hanya seperti ploystyrene yang mengembang (sejenis bahan termoplastik), atau sekitar 70 kali lebih kecil kerapatannya dari Bumi.
Penemuan WASP-17 memang tidak sekedar sebuah kesuksesan menemukan planet terbesar tapi ringan dengan orbit retrograde, namun ia bisa membawa kita pada pemahaman lebih lanjut akan pembentukan dan evolusi Tata Surya.
Sumber : Science and Technology Facility Council (STFC)
           Reconceptualizing Evolution as an Instance of Development - Phylogeny is its own Ontogeny; Start with the Zygote.   

During the development of a complex organism, a fertilized ovum, or zygote, divides in two, then again into twice as many cells and eventually into all the cells that compose the organism's body. As the cells proliferate, they differentiate in form and function into the various cell types of that particular kind of body. This differentiation into skin, stomach, nerve, and other cell types occurs even though the cells of a developing body all share a common genotype, that of the original zygote. The paradox of one genotype yielding many cellular phenotypes has been resolved, in a general sense, through the mechanisms of epigenetics. A relatively new branch of molecular biology, epigenetics addresses issues related to gene regulation and gene regulatory networks. The new discipline aims to explain how, during development, genes get turned on and off and when (as in larval or adult forms of organisms) and where (as in spleen or kidney) they do.

The new discipline is an upstart. Epigenetics would seem to demote DNA from being the cell's chief executive to its merely utilitarian, dumb server. DNA includes an archive of messenger-RNA templates (and the messenger RNA molecules transcribed from the templates still pass through an editing suite before being escorted to the ribosome, where they get translated into proteins). The molecular machinery of epigenetics, through normal chemical bonding, excites or inhibits DNA "expression" or "action." The countless combinations of sections of DNA that can be expressed and repressed here and there in sequence or in tandem produce multiform cellular phenotypes from the highly conserved DNA of the original zygote.

From a complex database a skilled operator can extract many kinds of reports, by slicing the data this way then that. DNA is such a complex database, responding to many and diverse calls for data. The creatures of the Earth are reports summoned from DNA, not expressions of any executive talent that resides in the DNA. This is the new view of things from the world of epigenetics.

But epigenetic mechanisms do more than regulate cellular differentiation during development. What is particularly significant, from the perspective of the star larvae hypothesis, is that epigenetic mechanisms also are implicated, increasingly, in the diversification of species from a conserved genome during evolution.

"Conserved genome" is taking a liberty, admittedly, but how much of one? As statistical genomics continues to reveal, the conservation of DNA across species is far more extensive than anyone had expected. Because genomes differ among species far less than had been anticipated, some commenters even have coined the phrase, "universal genome" to underscore the striking commonalities among genomes shared by diverse species. Evolution increasingly seems to be an instance of development, the two processes of development and evolution sharing a reliance on epigenetic mechanisms to pull forth diverse forms from a shared database. Even though development and evolution differ markedly in scale, they grow increasingly mechanically similar as research proceeds. The star larvae hypothesis suggests the term ontophylogeny to designate biology's generic process of differentiation/diversification (an appropriation from J-J. Kupiec).

Let the chips fall, but the star larvae hypothesis continues find encouragement in new discoveries in molecular biology that pertain to "descent with modification," whether the descent is of tissues during development or of species during evolution. The hypothesis watches for new breakthroughs in this area, because the trend line continues to dovetail with its prediction that evolution will come to be recognized as an instance of development.

That's when things get interesting. That's when the hypothesis directs attention to an elephant in the room. Namely, if evolution becomes mechanically indistinguishable from development, or at least so dependent on the same mechanisms that issues of spatial and temporal scale become the last refuge of defenders of the old paradigm, then potentially troubling issues arise for normal science. (These troubles don't pertain in the context of the star larvae hypothesis, however. Just saying.)

One: Development proceeds in a preferred direction. Given an accommodating environment, an adult chicken, and not an adult penguin, will be called forth from a chick embryo. Development has a teleological character. If evolution is an instance of development, then it, too, must have a teleological character, a preferred direction. This will be a tough pill for science to swallow.

Evolution coming to be seen as a process that depends on endogenous factors as much as does development raises the challenge of applying the new understanding. What might it say about evolution on exoplanets? Theorists of evolution should have something predictive to say about questions such as these: Given an Earth-size planet in some solar system's "habitable zone," i.e., at the requisite distance from the system's central star, or sun, and which planet finds itself steward of viruses and bacteria, what exogenous contingencies will influence the descent of phenotypes and to what extent and in which directions? And to what extent will endogenous physiology influence the descent of phenotypes and to what extent and in which directions? Although, such predictions might soon be forthcoming.

For its part, the star larvae hypothesis predicts that endogenous gene regulatory networks will generate phenotypes along the lines of the types of body plans that have evolved on Earth. The "tree of life" on exoplanets that bear complex life will include essentially the same major divisions, classes, orders, and phyla as those seen on Earth and probably a few platypus-like oddball assemblies as well. Incorporating the assertions of panspermia, the star larvae hypothesis assumes that diverse planets will share in the "universal genome."

>Two: Development, or ontogeny, typically is characterized as advancing through the stages of a life cycle, with the post-reproductive adult occupying the terminal stage. If evolution is an instance of development, then what is the adult form of the organism that's developing? And what events constitute a complete reproductive life-cycle of that organism?

Conceiving of life on Earth as being engaged in a process of development, a planetary ontogeny, might seem less crazy if the sceptic appreciates that the bodies of complex organisms are themselves ecologies. Most cells in a human body, for example, are bacterial cells. Each human body is a constantly evolving ecosystem of microbial symbionts, parasites and stowaways. The fellow travelers constitute the "microbiomes" that compose human bodies. Development is ecological and evolution is developmental. The same relationships seem to pertain at all scales.

The strain that humankind is putting on the Earth—particularly in light of nuclear mishaps, geoengineering, weaponized microbes, and the seemingly suicidal sociopathy of the various factions of would-be global oligarchs—might tempt observers to render a harsh verdict against humankind, to liken humans to a deadly, havoc-wreaking, ecosystem-wrecking, cancer. But such a condemnation would be misguided.

Humankind doesn't represent a global cancer that needs to be treated, but a burgeoning new life, one, however, that can distinguish itself from a cancer only by engineering its own delivery into the weightless environment of outer space.


          Newly Discovered Exoplanet May be Best Candidate in Search for Signs of Life   
An exoplanet orbiting a red dwarf star 40 light-years from Earth may be the new holder of the title "best place to look for signs of life beyond the Solar System". Using ESO's HARPS instrument at La Silla, and other telescopes around the world, an international team of astronomers discovered a "super-Earth" orbiting in the habitable zone around the faint star LHS 1140. This world is a little larger and much more massive than the Earth and has likely retained most of its atmosphere. This, along w...
          Exoplanet Mission Gets Ticket to Ride   
A Soyuz rocket operated by Arianespace from Europe's spaceport in Kourou will boost ESA's upcoming exoplanet satellite into space. Cheops will share the ride into space with another payload, with the two separating in turn into their own orbits soon after ascent. Arianespace has confirmed it will provide the launch services, with the contract to be signed by ESA in the coming weeks. While the exact launch date remains to be confirmed, Cheops is expected to be ready by the end of 2018 ...
          Comment on How many more planets would their be in this galaxy? by craigfisherxmas   
Current estimates of the number of stars in our galaxy (the Milky Way) are between 100 and 400 billion (being inside the galaxy makes it difficult to count them all, a bit like being in one spot in a forest and trying to count the total number of trees). Assuming that our solar system has an average number of planets (8), that makes about 800 billion to 3.2 trillion planets of various sizes. Of these, the number of Earth-sized planets is estimated to be in the 10s of billions. So far, around 4 thousand extra-solar planets (or "exoplanets") have been detected. There are still plenty more left for a budding astronomer to discover and name. The next big challenge will be to detect if any of them are capable of supporting life!
          Exoplanet   
none
          Measuring Exoplanets from Space   
Presenter: 
Harrington, Joseph
When: 
6 May 2009 - 19:00 - 20:30
Venue: 
Taste
Where: 
Taste
Street:
717 W. Smith Street
City:
Orlando
,
Province:
Florida
Postal Code:
32804
Country:
United States

Prior to 1993, we knew it would be a long time before anyone detected a planet orbiting another star. Then suddenly it happened, and it was bizarre! Not one, but several worlds doing the impossible: Orbiting pulsars—strange piles of neutrons leftover from powerful supernova explosions that no planet was thought capable of surviving. Shortly thereafter, a normal planet was found to orbit a normal star, in an orbit of just 4 days! The surprises do not end there.

Dr. Joseph Harrington, Associate Professor of Physics and Astronomy at UCF, one of the first to measure exoplanets by their own light, will present a number of news-making discoveries by his team and others that have set the theory community abuzz.


          Art of Astrophysics   



How do you visualize distant worlds that you can't see? A team of artists uses scientific data to imagine exoplanets and other astrophysical phenomena.




          NASA Kembali Temukan 219 Exoplanet Lagi, Layak Huni?   
NASA Kembali Temukan 219 Exoplanet Lagi, Layak Huni? Indowarta.com – NASA kembali mengumumkan penemuan terbarunya. Kali ini, teleskop Kepler berhasil menemukan sebanyak 219 Exoplanet (planet asing) yang mana 10 diantaranya memiliki karakteristik mirip dengan Bumi. Kepler menemukan planet asing ini dengan memantau pergerakan bintang-bintang yang mengelilinginya. Seiring planet bergerak menglilingi bintang, cahayanya akan berpendar. Dari sinilah,
          An eccentric companion at the edge of the brown dwarf desert orbiting the 2.4 M⊙ giant star HIP 67537   
First Author: Jones, M. I.
Instruments: FEROS
ProgramIDs: 085.C-0557, 089.C-0524, 090.C-0345, 087.C-0476, 072.D-0235
BibCode: 2017A&A...602A..58J

We report the discovery of a substellar companion around the giant star HIP 67537. Based on precision radial velocity measurements from CHIRON and FEROS high-resolution spectroscopic data, we derived the following orbital elements for HIP 67537 b: mb sin i = 11.1+0.4-1.1Mjup, a =4.9+0.14-0.13 AU and e = 0.59+0.05-0.02 . Considering random inclination angles, this object has ≳65% probability to be above the theoretical deuterium-burning limit, thus it is one of the few known objects in the planet to brown-dwarf (BD) transition region. In addition, we analyzed the Hipparcos astrometric data of this star, from which we derived a minimum inclination angle for the companion of 2 deg. This value corresponds to an upper mass limit of 0.3 M⊙, therefore the probability that HIP 67537 b is stellar in nature is ≲7%. The large mass of the host star and the high orbital eccentricity makes HIP 67537 b a very interesting and rare substellar object. This is the second candidate companion in the brown dwarf desert detected in the sample of intermediate-mass stars targeted by the EXoPlanets aRound Evolved StarS (EXPRESS) radial velocity program, which corresponds to a detection fraction of f = +2.0-0.5 %. This value is larger than the fraction observed in solar-type stars, providing new observational evidence of an enhanced formation efficiency of massive substellar companions in massive disks. Finally, we speculate about different formation channels for this object. Based on observations collected at La Silla - Paranal Observatory under programs ID's 085.C-0557, 087.C.0476, 089.C-0524, 090.C-0345 and through the Chilean Telescope Time under programs ID's CN-12A-073, CN-12B-047, CN-13A-111, CN-2013B-51, CN-2014A-52, CN-15A-48, CN-15B-25 and CN-16A-13.
           NASA announces over 200 new planet candidates    
US space agency NASA has announced that its Kepler space telescope has discovered 219 new planet candidates outside our solar system. Of those, 10 are near-Earth size and orbiting in their star's habitable zone, which is the range of distance from a star where liquid water could pool on the surface of a rocky planet to support life, Xinhua news cited a NASA statement on Monday. With the latest release, Kepler has detected a total of 4,034 planet candidates, of which 2,335 have been verified as exoplanets. Of roughly 50 near-Earth size habitable zone candidates detected by Kepler, more than
           NASA discovers 10 new earth-size exoplanets    
NASA revealed on Monday 10 new rocky, Earth-sized planets that could potentially have liquid water and support life. The Kepler mission team released a survey of 219 potential exoplanets -- planets outside of our solar system -- that had been detected by the space observatory launched in 2009 to scan the Milky Way galaxy. Ten of the new discoveries were orbiting their suns at a distance similar to Earth's orbit around the sun, the so- called habitable zone that could potentially have liquid water and sustain life. Kepler has already discovered 4,034 potential exoplanets, 2,335 of which have been confirmed
          Material World 30 August: Piano tuners' brains, exoplanets, and chimp justice   
Piano Tuners’ brains change over the course of their career, a solar system with two suns is discovered, geological unconformity on Mars, and chimps don’t do justice.
          Planetary Resources' Lewicki On The New Space Economy And The Second Space Race   
Planetary Resources' Kickstarter project was a rousing success. I wrote about their ARKYD Kickstarter launch with Brent Spiner event in a previous post. The company recently announced some stretch goals at the $2 million level for their Kickstarter project, a hardware upgrade that adds "exoplanet transit detection capability by enhancing the telescope’s stability systems and dedicating time to monitor candidate star systems," according to a recent blog entry on the company's Kickstarter site. The upgrade also allows for "better measurement of the spin-properties of asteroids" by using this same exploratory capability. I caught up with Chris Lewicki, the company's CEO in Seattle, with some specific questions about how Planetary Resources' new model of hybrid crowdsourcing and crowfunding of the ARKYD project was going, and where it's headed from here.
          Welcome to the Universe: An Astrophysical Tour   
Welcome to the Universe: An Astrophysical Tour
author: Neil deGrasse Tyson
name: Manny
average rating: 4.23
book published: 2016
rating: 4
read at: 2016/10/24
date added: 2016/10/24
shelves: history-and-biography, science, parody-homage, well-i-think-its-funny, received-free-copy
review:
Let's look at this book. What can we say about it? It's got nearly 500 pages, it's nicely produced, it's got some famous names on the cover. The blurb says it's based on a popular introductory astronomy course the authors gave at Princeton. Well, that tells us something, but it doesn't tell us what we want to know. Is it any good? So let's stop for a moment and think about how we might answer the question. It doesn't really make any sense unless we have something to compare it with. What other books are like that, introductions to astronomy written by experts and aimed at smart laypeople?

So I'm going to start by taking three books that fit the general description, and I'm going to talk a bit about what they're like and how they're organized. I could pick books written recently, but I think that's a bad idea for a couple of reasons. First, there aren't a lot of books like this, and second, you don't have any perspective when you take recent stuff. I'm going to take some older books, where we know how things worked out for them from our early twenty-first century point of view. I'm going to look at those books and at the end I'm going to compare them with Welcome to the Universe.

Number one. Here's Exposition du système du monde, by Pierre-Simon de Laplace. Laplace published it in 1796 and it was the most famous pop science book in France for the next century. It's worth reading even today. Next up, Arthur Berry's A Short History of Astronomy. It came out in 1898, and it was still the standard text at the beginning of World War II. And third, Fred Hoyle's Frontiers of Astronomy. It was published in 1955, and it was a major non-fiction bestseller. I read in Alan Lightman's and Roberta Brawer's very nice book Origins that it inspired a whole generation of astrophysicists.

Now all these books are examples of what Welcome to the Universe is trying to give you, a good one-volume summary of modern astronomy. What do we find in them? First of all you're going to get some history. People have been doing astronomy for more than two thousand years. You've got to say something about that, both the things they got right and the things they got wrong. Because when you do science, you always get some things wrong. Later generations of scientists correct the things you got wrong. That's how you make progress. Next, you write about the things scientists have found out recently, the cutting-edge material. Some of your audience will know this stuff but most of them won't. And then you add some bullshit, because scientists are just people and they love to bullshit when they think they can get away with it.

If you look at the three books I just showed you, you can see that they tried to mix up those ingredients a bit differently. Berry is quite conservative. He puts in a lot of history and you can see he's trying not to bullshit you. But sometimes you bullshit without meaning to and he does that quite a lot. He tells you people like Kant once thought that galaxies were huge collections of stars a long way off, but no one takes that seriously any more. He was wrong! 25 years later, Hubble got good pictures of nearby galaxies, and then you could see that they really were huge collections of stars. Kant was right all along. Hoyle is the opposite of Berry. He doesn't give you much history and the last third of the book is nothing but bullshit. He has his own theory, the Steady State theory, of how the universe had no beginning and has always been the same. He makes it sound very convincing. But it was completely wrong. Ten years later they found the Cosmic Background Radiation, and then everyone knew Hoyle's theory was wrong and the Big Bang theory was right.

Laplace's book is remarkable. He has a very good, careful history of astronomy. He gives a terrific overview of Newtonian gravitational theory, which was then cutting-edge, state of the art research. He tells you how it was used to explain the movements of Jupiter and Saturn and the Moon, which are really complicated. They are so complicated that some people thought Newton's gravitational theory was slightly wrong, but Laplace showed it was correct and explains everything. At the end, he has a bullshit section about how the Solar System started. He says he thinks it condensed out of a rotating cloud of gas. This was way past the state of the art in 1796. He was just guessing. But he was right! His bullshit wasn't bullshit, it was prophetic. We can say that now because we know more. Very few people are as smart as Laplace was.

So let's get back to Welcome to the Universe. What's the mix there? There's quite a lot of history. They don't talk much about the ancient history of astronomy, there's nothing about the old Ptolemaic system with the epicycles and the deferents which Laplace and Berry explain in detail, but they do the more recent stuff very well. They tell you how Planck found his radiation formula. They do a really good job of explaining what it means and showing you how it's completely central to modern astrophysics. The same with explaining Maxwell's field equations and Einstein's theories of special and general relativity. I really liked this part. For example, they tell you how general relativity went through several different versions as Einstein was developing it, and how he used a version that wasn't quite right when he did one of his most famous calculations, the one about the advance of the perihelion of Mercury, but luckily it made no difference. There are lots of other good things, like they give the details of how Rømer used eclipses of Jupiter's moons to estimate the speed of light back in 1676. I'll give them an 8 or even a 9 on the history.

Next, the recent stuff. This is also very good. You get a bang up to date tour of the Solar System with lots of new material about Kuiper Belt objects. There's an interesting section on exoplanets. There's lots of material about galaxy formation, showing you how we now know that dark matter and black holes play an essential role. Hoyle's 1955 book had a couple of chapters about galaxies. They sound plausible, but today we can see it was all bullshit. Hoyle didn't know about dark matter and black holes. Welcome to the Universe probably gets it right, we have so much more data now. They have nice material about the LIGO gravitational wave experiment, and how it found a collision between two black holes, and what it means. That's just from last year. Like I said, this book is up to date. I'll give them an 8 or a 9 for the recent stuff too.

And last, the bullshit. To be honest, I think this book has just a bit too much bullshit. I don't mean that in a bad way. Like I said, Hoyle's book has too much bullshit and it was truly inspiring. But I still think this book has too much. There's a very speculative chapter on life in the universe. There's an even more speculative chapter on time travel. They use the time travel when they talk about what possibly came before the Big Bang. Maybe they'll get lucky the way Laplace did and it will turn out that the bullshit is actually correct! But I think that's against the odds. I'm giving them a 6 on the bullshit.

So all in all, I think this is a pretty good book. I'd say it's better than Berry. It's maybe even better than Hoyle. It's not as good as Laplace, but then that would be a miracle. If you're a smart young teen and you think you might want to be an astrophysicist, you should go out and get a copy. Maybe it'll inspire you.

          The film ‘Passengers’ highlights the crazy distances and times of space flight   
The new film “Passengers” finds a mechanic named Jim Preston, played by Chris Pratt, all alone on a sleek, spinning starship, thanks to a malfunctioning hibernation pod. The automated vessel is spacious, cruise-ship like, and even has space-age Roomba-like bots to keep it tidy. The ship is on a 120-year voyage to a new planet, and Jim, and later Aurora Lane (Jennifer Lawrence) have plenty of time to kill— more than 80 years— not to mention a dangerously buggy starship to try to fix. "Passengers" is firmly in the realm of science fiction, as the characters negotiate the very long space schlep to the new planet, called Homestead 2. But what isn’t science fiction is that scientists already know of the existence of thousands of exoplanets, which are planets beyond our solar system. Earthlings, however, aren’t going to be going to them in the near future. NASA IDENTIFIES 1,284 NEW EXOPLANETS, MOST EVER ANNOUNCED AT ONCE “So far, there has been over 3,000 exoplanets that have been detected, mainly from space,” Tiffany Kataria, a scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory who focuses on exoplanets and their weather, told FoxNews.com. “The Kepler space telescope really revolutionized the number of exoplanets that we know exist.” (Kepler is credited with over 2,300 confirmed exoplanets, using a system to detect them called the transit method.) But of all those, only a “handful” are potentially habitable, she said. Humanity is not going to be visiting them anytime soon, though. Take, for example, the nearest known exoplanet, Proxima Centauri B, which is about four light years away from here— a light year being the distance that light can travel in 365 days. NEW NEIGHBOR: SCIENTISTS DISCOVER CLOSEST HABITABLE EXOPLANET So could we send a probe there? Kataria brought up the Juno space probe, currently orbiting Jupiter. That probe has cruised at speeds in the neighborhood of 150,000 miles per hour. Even if a probe could travel at that speed to Proxima Centauri B, it would take an astounding 18,000 years to get there, according to Kataria. “So the technology really isn’t there currently,” Kataria said. In the film, the fictional ship is traveling at 50 percent of light speed— if we could send a probe to Proxima Centauri B at that speed, it would take just 3,000 days, or just over 8 years to get there. But there’s no tech that can do that. So, Kataria said, there isn’t a direct connection between the film and NASA’s current research. But, she added, it is evocative of “the imagination and the possibility for things that could be out there. Obviously, the driving goal of NASA, particularly in the study of exoplanets, is to find terrestrial planets that might be like our own, that we might be able to live at someday. This [film] further tugs at those heartstrings.” Follow Rob Verger on Twitter: @robverger
          Radio Parallax Show: 12/20/2012 (Segment C)   
Science: Tau Ceti has planets, life on moons (vs planets), the exoplanet hunting Kepler space telescope
          Stellarium 0.16.0   

Stellarium 0.16.0 is a stable version (based on Qt5.6 but it can still be built from sources with Qt5.4) that introduces some new features and closes 38 bug and wishlist reports.

New features include
- RemoteSync plugin, which allows running several connected instances of Stellarium.
- Non-spherical models for solar system objects like asteroids and small moons.
- Solar system config file is now split into two parts.
- AstroCalc feature extension: What's Up Tonight, graphs, ...
- DSO: Addition of catalogs of peculiar galaxies
- New Skycultures: Belarusian, Hawaiian Star Lines
- Telescope plugin: support for the RTS2 telescope system.
- Location can now be read from a GPS device.

A huge thanks to the people who helped us a lot by reporting bugs!

Full list of changes:
- Added support of irregular solar system objects (3D models of minor bodies) (LP: #1153171)
- Added Remote Sync plugin
- Added GPS devices support (LP: #1448673)
- Added splitting ssystem.ini data - now have separate ssystem_major.ini and ssystem_minor.ini. Only the latter shall be editable for the users.
- Added a few more timezone replacements.
- Added support an asterisms for the sky cultures
- Added better identification for existing serial ports for GPS
- Added context support for constellations and asterisms names
- Added support RTS2 for Telescope Control Plugin
- Added a new option in config.ini file esp. for the planetariums (astro/
flag_forced_meteor_activity=(false|true) - to show a sporadic meteors activity without atmosphere).
- Added support of date and time formatting settings from main app to AstroCalc tool.
- Added a line for the approximate time of the meridian passing in AstroCalc tool (LP: #1652523)
- Added TLE tracking to RTS2 telescopes
- Added different star scales in the Oculars plugin, even separately for ocular and CCD views (LP: #1656940)
- Added information on magnification of the combination of eyepiece/lens/telescope in proportions of the telescope diameters.
- Added configurable options to AstroCalc tool
- Added support Catalan (Valencian) language
- Added support Kabyle language
- Added 'What's Up Tonight' tool - AstroCalc subsystem (LP: #1080408)
- Added Dark Doodad Nebula to DSO catalog
- Added more data for analysis to the Exoplanets plugin.
- Added calculation of list of visible object for current location (AstroCalc)
- Added tool to remove custom markers by coordinates
- Added support double and variable stars for AstroCalc tool
- Added support translation novae names (parse nova name to extract constellation name and year of flash)
- Added lists of bright double and bright variable stars to Search Tool
- Added customized buttons for toggle ICRS/Galactic/Ecliptic grids (LP: #730689)
- Added customized buttons for toggle constellation boundaries (LP: #1249239)
- Added import/export bookmarks (LP: #1675078)
- Added confirmation before deleting landscape (LP: #1635137)
- Added guessing for name of location and use it when spaceship is landing (LP: #1220561)
- Added an 'Additional settings' block for selected object info
- Added showing a proper motions for some stars
- Added an optional indication of mount mode (LP: #1172860)
- Added option to toggle the usage the buttons background on bottom bar (LP: #1589702)
- Added config option for planet apparent magnitude configuration
- Added description to the planets magnitude algorithm
- Added contrast index for DSO
- Added AstroCalc/Graphs feature
- Added new option to configure behaviour of Satellites (Satellites/time_rate_limit = 1.0)
- Added a scripting function to retrieve property names (helpful for configuring RemoteSync).
- Added 3 additional catalogs to our DSO catalog (Arp, VV, PK)
- Added packing of DSO catalog
- Added the showing the groups of the artificial satellites
- Added Belarusian sky culture
- Adding Hawaiian Starlines sky culture
- Added list of bright stars with high proper motion to the Search Tool/Lists and AstroCalc/Positions features
- Added lunar magnitude to sky brightness computation (brightness variation during lunar eclipses!) (LP: #1471546)
- Added property handling for the labels for ArchaeoLines plugin.
- Added Ukrainian translation for Belarusian skyculture
- Added Ukrainian translation for Hawaiian Starlines skyculture
- Added context and improve English phrase (AstroCalc)
- Added missed zh_HK zh_TW zh_CN descriptions for western sky-culture (LP: #1698473)
- Added Belarusian description for Belarusian sky culture (LP: #1698535)
- Added Bengali description for Belarusian sky culture (LP: #1698608)
- Added 'simulation speed' for tooltip of time (LP: #1698510)
- Added saving an angular separation option for phenomena
- Fixed crash when tried use of SIMBAD for offline mode (LP: #1674836)
- Fixed build scripts to update Index once more just before final run.
- Fixed COSPAR designation parser.
- Fixed wrong extinction coordinate frame of Zodiacal Light (LP: #1675699)
- Fixed a missing initialisation (avoids crash at program end)
- Fixed bug for loading default scenery on non-Englush locale in Scenery3D plugin
- Fixed typo in name of dark nebula LDN 935 (LP: #1679066)
- Fixed Scripting Engine: avoiding broken script when calling waitFor() after the point in time to wait.
- Fixed infoMap data for comets.
- Fixed issue of reloading of DSO names when filter of catalogs is updated.
- Fixed small cosmetic bug for SIMBAD status line.
- Fixed the opposition/conjunction longitude line: the line follows the ecliptic pole on date now (LP: #1687307)
- Fixed very stupid bug for Date & Time dialog.
- Fixed translation on-the-fly issue for AstroCalc tool.
- Fixed IAU constellation label for stars with high proper motion (LP: #1690615)
- Fixed crash when AstroCalc tool is active and we are on the spaceship
- Fixed several Coverity issues
- Fixed bug which disabled the bright flare-type Iridium point source drawing
- Fixed fullscreen behaviour on switching tasks (Alt+Tab) (LP: #550337)
- Fixed dynamic eye adaptation behaviour when persistent orbits are enabled
- Fixed switching horizontal/equatorial coordinates for Solar system objects (AstroCalc/Positions)
- Fixed crash when observer is flying on spaceship
- Fixed storing torchlight and coordinate display flag to config (Scenery3D) (LP: #1502245)
- Fixed placing a custom markers on HighDPI devices (LP: #1688985)
- Fixed infostring for ecliptical coordinates data (Nutation)
- Fixed strings consistency for Solar System Editor plug-in (LP: #1698783)
- Fixed string overlap with FOV and FPS labels (LP: #1698789)
- Restore searchable for telescope names (LP: #1686857)
- Updated Scenery3D plugin
- Updated Satellites plugin: refactoring the source code and speed-up rendering of satellites
- Updated rule to create a directory for screenshots (LP: #1626686)
- Updated GUI: refactoring blocks
- Updated a GUI behaviour: a map in LocationDialog resizable is now.
- Updated a GUI behaviour: enabled low resolution for High DPI devices.
- Updated a GUI: added a few GUI text improvements
- Updated InnoSetup script
- Updated and revised stars names
- Updated Historical Supernovae catalog (Added SN 2017cbv)
- Updated meteor showers catalog (Added data for year 2017)
- Updated AstroCalc tool: increased an accuracy of 'Altitude vs. Time' diagram
- Updated AstroCalc tool: speed-up calculations for some types of phenomena
- Updated AstroCalc tool: extension of features for Ephemeris Tool
- Updated AstroCalc tool: improve WUT
- Updated filters for DSO objects in AstroCalc/WUT tool
- Updated sorting rules for AstroCalc/Positions tool
- Updated filters for Solar system bodies (AstroCalc/Positions)
- Updated tab rules for Search Tool
- Updated list of locations
- Updated scripts and scripting engine
- Updated list of DSO's names
- Updated headers for AstroCalc tools
- Updated 'Go to home' feature.
- Updated Bookmarks tool.
- Updated API documentation
- Updated Exoplanets plugin: improve placing of the exoplanet systems
- Updated Oculars plugin: the limit for diameter of binoculars aperture upped to 200mm
- Updated calculation for boundaries of IAU constellations
- Updated default supernovae catalog
- Updated Belarusian translation for skycultures
- Updated cmake variable names
- Updated Ocean landscape
- Updated RemoteControl panels with new functionality
- Updated rules for TLE updated: never update TLE's for any date before Oct 4, 1957, 19:28:34GMT ;-)
- Removed script 'Analemma'
- Removed useless vertex color data from asteroid models.
- Removed Polynesian sky culture (replaced by Hawaiian starlines)


          Stellarium 0.15.1   

Version 0.15.1 introduces a few new exciting features.
- The Digital Sky Survey (DSS) can be shown (requires online connection).
- AstroCalc is now available from the main menu and gives interesting new computational insight.
- Stellarium can act as Spout sender (important for multimedia environments; Windows only).
In addition, a lot of bugs have been fixed.
- wait() and waitFor() in the Scripting Engine no longer inhibits performance of moves.
- DE430/431 DeltaT may be OK now. We still want to test a bit more, though.
- ArchaeoLines also offers two arbitrary declination lines.
- Added support of time zones dependent by location.
- Added new skyculture: Sardinian.
- Added updates and improvements in catalogs.
- Added improvements in the GUI.
- Added cross identification data for stars from Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991)

A huge thanks to our community whose contributions help to make Stellarium better!

Full list of changes:
- Added code which allows to display full-sky multi-resolution remote images projected using the TOAST format
- Added new option to Oculars plugin: enabling automatic install the type of mount from the telescope settings for saving horizontal orientation of CCD frame
- Added new option stars/flag_forced_twinkle=(false|true) for planetariums to enable a twinkling of stars without atmosphere (LP: #1616007)
- Added calculations of conjunction between major planets and deep-sky objects (AstroCalc)
- Added calculations of occultations between major planets and DSO/SSO (AstroCalc)
- Added option to toggle visibility of designations of exoplanets (esp. for exoplanetary systems)
- Added support of time zones dependent by location (LP: #505096, #1492941, #1431926, #1106753, #1099547, #1092629, #898710, #510480)
- Added option in GUI to edit colours of the markings
- Added a special case for educational purpose to drawing orbits for the Solar System Observer
- Added the new config option in the sky cultures for management of boundaries of constellations
- Added support synonyms of star names (2nd edition of the sky cultures)
- Added support reference data for star names (2nd edition of the sky cultures)
- Added support synonyms of DSO names (2nd edition of the sky cultures)
- Added support native names of DSO (2nd edition of the sky cultures)
- Added support reference data for native DSO names (2nd edition of the sky cultures)
- Added support Spout under Windows (Stellarium is Spout Sender now)
- Added a few trojans and quasi-satellites in ssystem.ini file
- Added a virtual planet 'Earth Observer' for educational purposes (illustration for the Moon phases)
- Added orbit lines for some asteroids and comets
- Added config option to switch between styles of color of orbits (LP: #1586812)
- Added support of separate colors for orbits (LP: #1586812)
- Added function and shortcut for quick reversing direction of time
- Added custom objects to avoid of getting of empty space for Search Tool (SIMBAD mode) and to adding custom markers on the sky (LP: #958218, #1485349)
- Added tool to management of visibility for grids/lines in Oculars plugin
- Added the hiding of supernova remnants before their birth (LP: #1623177)
- Added markers for various poles and zenith/nadir (LP: #1629501, #1366643, #1639010)
- Added markers for equinoxes
- Added supergalactic coordinate system
- Added code for management of SkyPoints in Oculars plugin
- Added notes to the Help window
- Added commands and shortcuts for quick move to celestial poles
- Added textures for deep-sky objects
- Added Millions of light years distance to infostring for galaxies (LP: #1637809)
- Added 2 custom declination lines to ArchaeoLines plugin
- Added dialog with options to adjust of colors of markers of deep-sky objects
- Added new options to infobox
- Added calculating and displaying the Moon phases
- Added allow for proper stopping of time dragging (LP: #1640574)
- Added time scrolling
- Added Scottish Gaelic (gd) translations for landscapes and sceneries.
- Added usage the Qt 5 JSON parser instead of the hand-made one we used so far
- Added synonyms for DSO
- Added names consistency for DSO
- Added support operational statuses for few classes of artificial satellites
- Added special zoom level for Telrad to avoid undefined behaviour of zooming (LP: #1643427)
- Added new icons for Bookmarks and AstroCalc tools
- Added missing Bayer designation of 4 Aurigae (LP: #1645087)
- Added calculations of conjunctions/occultations between planets and bright stars (AstroCalc tool)
- Added 'Altitude vs Time' feature for AstroCalc tool
- Added location identification which adds canonical IAU 3-letter code to infostring and PointerCoordinates plugin
- Added elongation and phase angle to Comet and MinorPlanet infostrings
- Added cross identification data for stars from Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991)
- Added AstroCalc icon (LP: #1641256)
- Added new scriptable methods to CustomObjectMgr class
- Added Sardinian sky culture
- Allow changes of milky way and zodiacal light brightness via GUI while stars switched off (LP: #1651897)
- Fixed visual issue for AstroCalc tool
- Fixed incorrectly escaping of translated strings for some languages in Remote Control plugin (LP: #1608177)
- Fixed disappearing of star labels when the 'Navigational Stars' plugin is loaded and not activated (LP: #1608288)
- Fixed offset issue for image sensor frame in Oculars plugin (LP: #1610629)
- Fixed crash when labels and markers box in sky and Viewing Options tab is ticked (LP: #1609958)
- Fixed spherical distortion with night mode (LP: #1606969)
- Fixed behaviour of buttons on Oculars on-screen control panel (LP: #1609060)
- Fixed misalignment of Veil nebula image (LP: #1610824)
- Fixed build of planetarium without scripting support (Thanks to Alexey Dokuchaev for the bug report)
- Fixed coordinates of the open cluster Melotte 227
- Fixed typos in Kamilorai skyculture
- Fixed cmake typos for scenery3d model (Thanks to Alexey Dokuchaev for the bug report)
- Fixed crash when turning off custom GRS if GRS Details dialogue has not been opened before (LP: #1620083)
- Fixed small issue rounding for JD for DeltaT tooltip on bottom bar
- Fixed rendering orbits of artificial satellites during changing of location through spaceship feature (LP: #1622796)
- Fixed hiding the Moon during a total solar eclipse when option 'limit magnitude' for Solar system objects is enabled
- Fixed small bug for updating catalog in the Bright Novae plugin
- Fixed displaying date and time in AstroCalc Tool (LP: #1630685)
- Fixed a typographical error in coefficient for precession expressions by Vodnark et. al.
- Fixed crash on exit in the debug mode in StelTexture module (LP: #1632355)
- Fixed crash in the debug mode (LP: #1631910)
- Fixed coverity issues
- Fixed obvious typos
- Fixed issue for wrong calculation of exit pupil for binoculars in Oculars plugin (LP: #1632145)
- Fixed issue for Arabic translation (LP: #1635587)
- Fixed packaging on OS X for Qt 5.6.2+
- Fixed calculations of the value of the Moon secular acceleration when JPL DE43x ephemeris is used
- Fixed distances for objects of Caldwell catalogue
- Fixed calculations for transit phenomena (LP: #1641255)
- Fixed missing translations in Remote Control plug-in (LP: #1641296)
- Fixed displaying of localized projection name in Remote Control (LP: #1641297)
- Fixed search localized names of artificial satellites
- Fixed showing translated names of artificial satellite
- Fixed GUI Problem in Satellites plug-in (LP: #1640291)
- Fixed moon size infostring (LP: #1641755)
- Fixed AstroCalc lists transits as occulations (LP: #1641255)
- Fixed resetting of DSO Limit Magnitude by Image Sensor Frame (LP: #1641736)
- Fixed Nova Puppis 1942 coordinates
- Fixed error in light curve model of historical supernovae (LP: #1648978)
- Fixed width of search dialog for Meteor Showers plugin (LP: #1649640)
- Fixed shortcut for "Remove selection of constellations" action (LP: #1649771)
- Fixed retranslation name and type of meteor showers in Meteor Showers when language of application is changed
- Fixed wrong tooltip info (LP: #1650725)
- Fixed Mercury's magnitude formula (LP: #1650757)
- Fixed cross-id error for alpha2 Cen (LP: #1651414)
- Fixed core.moveToAltAzi(90,XX) issue (LP: #1068529)
- Fixed view centered on zenith (restart after save) issue (LP: #1620030)
- Updated DSO Catalog: Added support full of UGC catalog
- Updated DSO Catalog: Added galaxies from PGC2003 catalog (mag <=15)
- Updated DSO Catalog: Removed errors and duplicates
- Updated stars catalogues
- Updated stars names (LP: #1641455)
- Updated settings for AstroCalc
- Updated Satellites plugin
- Updated Scenery3d plugin
- Updated Stellarium User Guide
- Updated support for High DPI monitors
- Updated list of star names for Western sky culture
- Updated Search Tool (LP: #958218)
- Updated default catalogues for plugins
- Updated list of locations (2nd version of format - TZ support)
- Updated pulsars catalog & util
- Updated Scripting Engine
- Updated rules for visibility of exoplanets labels
- Updated shortcuts
- Updated info for the landscape actions (LP: #1650727)
- Updated Bengali translation of Sardinian skyculture (LP: #1650733)
- Correctly apply constellation fade duration (LP: #1612967)
- Expanded behaviour of for isolated constellations selection (only for skycultures with IAU generic boundaries) (LP: #1412595)
- Ensure stable up vector for lookZenith, lookEast etc.
- Verification the star names by the official IAU star names list
- Minor improvement in ini file writing
- Set usage Bortle index only after year 1825
- Re-implement wait() and waitFor() scripting functions to avoid large delays in main thread
- Restored broken feature (hidding markers for selected planets)
- Removed color profiles from PNG files
- Removed the flips of the CCD frame because it works incorrect and he introduced new one bug
- Removed the useless misspelled names from list of stars
- Removed the Time Zone plug-in
- Removed useless translations in ArchaeoLines plug-in


          Neue Exoplaneten   
Ausserhalb unseres Sonnensystems hat sich in letzter Zeit einiges getan und deshalb war es mal wieder an der Zeit für eine Überarbeitung der Exoplaneten. Es gibt jetzt Beschreibungen des erdnächsten Exoplaneten "Proxima Centauri b" und des Systems "Trappist-1", das gleich mehrere, evtl. erdähnliche Exoplaneten beherbergt. Vom System "HR 8799" gibt es ausserdem eine neue Animation, die mehrere direkt fotografierte Exoplaneten auf ihrem Umlauf zeigt.
          every thursday   
illinois legislatures tell trump they will not roll back environmental laws

facebook denies parents access to dead daughter's account

framing abortion as an issue of love and compassion

the hottest planet in the universe has been found - and it's hotter than most stars

newt gingrich - hypocrisy pioneer
          Comment on Exoplanet discovery: Seven Earth-size has been found by Nasa by Meredith   
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          Comment on Exoplanet discovery: Seven Earth-size has been found by Nasa by Thomas   
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          Comment on Exoplanet discovery: Seven Earth-size has been found by Nasa by https://www.youtube.com/   
Hey there would you mind letting me know which hosting company you're utilizing? I've loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a honest price? Cheers, I appreciate it!
          Palestra com pesquisadores movimenta Museu Parque do Saber   
Com o tema “Exoplanetas: Explorando o Universo em busca de Novas Terras”, a 5° palestra com pesquisadores movimentou o Museu Parque do Saber...
           The NEO and Exoplanet Search with the Refurbished Schmidt Telescope at Asiago    
Claudi, R.U. und Barbieri, C. und Bruno, P. und Magrin, S. und Mottola, S. (2004) The NEO and Exoplanet Search with the Refurbished Schmidt Telescope at Asiago. Baltic Astronomy, 13 (4), Seiten 628-631. Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Moletai, Lithuania. ISSN 1392-0049
          Astronomers Discover “Young Jupiter” Exoplanet   

An international research team has discovered a Jupiter-like planet 100 light-years away that could help astronomers understand how planets formed in our solar system. Called 51 Eridani b, it is the first planet detected by the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI), a new instrument that started running last year on the Gemini…

Read more...


           The ‚Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope’ System    
Rauer, H. und Eislöffel, J. und Erikson, A. und Hatzes, A.P. und Guenther, E. und Michaelis, H. und Voss, H. (2004) The ‚Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope’ System. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 116 (815), Seiten 38-45.
           Recent results from the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope    
Rauer, H. und Voss, H. und Erikson, A. und Hatzes, A.P. und Eislöffel, J. und Guenther, E. (2004) Recent results from the Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope. In: Proc. 2nd Eddington Workshop 'Stellar Structure and Habitable Planet Finding', Palermo, 9-11 April 2003, 538, Seiten 201-204. European Space Agency. 2nd Eddington Workshop 'Stellar Structure and Habitable Planet Finding', Palermo, Italy, 9-11 April 2003.
           The Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope    
Rauer, H. und Erikson, A. und Voss, H. und Hatzes, A. und Eislöffel, J. (2004) The Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope. Planetenbildung: Das Sonnensystem und extrasolare Planeten, Münster, 6.-8. Oktober 2004.
           Tidal interactions of close-in extrasolar planets with their host stars    
Carone, L. und Pätzold, M. und Rauer, H. (2004) Tidal interactions of close-in extrasolar planets with their host stars. Planet Workshop "Close-in exoplanets: the star-planet connection", Orsay, France, May. 13-14, 2004.
           Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope    
Voss, H. und Rauer, H. und Erikson, A. (2004) Berlin Exoplanet Search Telescope. XVI Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics 'Extrasolar Planets', Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, 22 Nov.-3 Dec. 2004.
          Comment construire un télescope spatial   

Au cours des prochains mois, les ingénieurs de l'Université de Berne assembleront le télescope spatial CHEOPS en intégrant des pièces provenant de toute l'Europe. CHEOPS, CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite, est dédié à l'étude des planètes orbitant des étoiles en dehors de notre système solaire. Avant de construire le modèle définitif, l'équipe a utilisé un modèle structurel [...]

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          Planetarium show about exoplanets   

From the beginning of December the topic of exoplanets will inspire the audience of the planetarium of the Swiss Museum of Transport in Lucerne. The new show titled "Out There" was written by the curator Marc Horat and was developed in close collaboration with the NCCR PlanetS. Recently, Marc Horat visited the University of Bern [...]

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          CHEOPS Science Workshop #4   

The CHaracterizing ExOPlanet Satellite (CHEOPS) will be dedicated to search for transits by means of ultrahigh precision photometry on bright stars already known to host planets. It is the first S-class mission from ESA. CHEOPS will have a nominal lifetime of 3.5 years, with launch-readiness targeted for 2018. The CHEOPS scientists meet from 21 until [...]

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