| Ministry Of Sound - I Love Reggae 2017   
Disc: 1 1. Boombastic - Shaggy 2. Turn Me On - Kevin Lyttle 3. No Letting Go - Wayne Wonder 4. I'm Still In Love with You - Sean Paul feat. Sasha 5. You Don't Love Me (No No No) - Dawn Penn 6. Dat Sexy Body - Sasha 7. Dude - Beenie Man feat. Ms. Thing 8. Boom Shack-a-Lak - Apache Indian 9. Here Comes the Hotstepper - Ini Kamoze 10. Murder She Wrote - Chaka Demus & Pliers 11. Pon Di River - Elephant Man 12. Heads High - Mr. Vegas 13. Ting-A-Ling - Shabba Ranks 14. Everyone Falls In Love - Tanto Metro & Devonte 15. Mamacita - Collie Buddz 16. Tempted to Touch - Rupee 17. Taboo - Glamma Kid feat. Shola Ama 18. Hold You - Gyptian 19. No Games - Serani 20. Flex - Mad Cobra Disc: 2 1. Shy Guy - Diana King 2. Baby, I Love Your Way - Big Mountain 3. Shine - Aswad 4. Oh Carolina - Shaggy 5. Tease Me - Chaka Demus & Pliers 6. Who Am I - Beenie Man 7. Run Up - Major Lazer feat. PARTYNEXTDOOR & Nicki Minaj 8. Cheerleader - OMI 9. Rude - MAGIC! 10. Searching - China Black 11. Now That We've Found Love - Third World 12. Mr. Loverman - Shabba Ranks feat. Chevelle Franklin 13. Close to You - Maxi Priest 14. Sweets for My Sweet - C.J. Lewis 15. Compliments on Your Kiss - Red Dragon with Brian & Tony Gold 16. Red Red Wine - UB40 17. Pass the Dutchie - Musical Youth 18. Don't Turn Around - Aswad 19. Baby Come Back - Pato Banton & The Reggae Revolution feat. Ali & Robin Campbell 20. Break My Stride - Blue Lagoon Disc: 3 1. No Woman, No Cry - Fugees 2. Night Nurse - Gregory Isaacs 3. Don't Worry Be Happy - Bobby McFerrin 4. Wonderful World, Beautiful People - Jimmy Cliff 5. You Can Get It If You Really Want - Desmond Dekker 6. Uptown Top Ranking - Althea & Donna 7. I Can See Clearly Now - Johnny Nash 8. Money In My Pocket - Dennis Brown 9. Get Up Stand Up - Peter Tosh 10. Good Thing Going (We've Got a Good Thing Going) - Sugar Minott 11. Stir It Up - Johnny Nash 12. Dreadlock Holiday - 10cc 13. Double Barrel - Dave & Ansel Collins 14. The Harder They Come - Jimmy Cliff 15. Girlie Girlie - Sophia George 16. 54-46 That's My Number - Toots & The Maytals 17. Kingston Town - UB40 18. Silly Games - Janet Kay 19. Let Your Yeah Be Yeah - The Pioneers 20. Love of the Common People - Nicky Thomas

          Ekspot Sarawak Diyakini Kukuh Tahun Hadapan   
Pengarah Wilayah MATRADE Sarawak, Leany Mokhtar ketika memberi penerangan mengenai rangkaian operasi MATRADE di peringkat global pada Program Outreach MATRADE & Agensi MITI 2016 di Bintulu
BINTULU: Eksport Sarawak diyakini terus berkembang kukuh sepanjang tahun depan walaupun berdepan pelbagai cabaran semasa susulan ketidaktentuan ekonomi global.

Malah, Perbadanan Pembangunan Perdagangan Luar Malaysia (MATRADE) menjangka negeri ini mampu mengekalkan kedudukannya sebagai pengeksport utama negara, dengan produk petroleum, khususnya gas asli cecair (LNG) kekal sebagai penyumbang utama.

Pengarah MATRADE Wilayah Sarawak, Leany Mokhtar, berkata keyakinan itu juga bersandarkan kepada peningkatan permintaan terhadap produk berkenaan dari kalangan negara pengimport, terutama Jepun, Korea, China, Taiwan dan India.

"Selain LNG, sektor pembuatan membabitkan produk perkayuan, elektrikal dan elektronik dikenalpasti antara penyumbang terbesar prestasi memberangsangkan eksport negeri ini, begitu juga minyak sawit.

"MATRADE mengambil pendirian optimis, malah yakin dengan keupayaan eksport negeri ini untuk terus berkembang tahun depan walaupun berdepan dengan pelbagai cabaran di peringkat global," katanya.

Beliau berkata demikian selepas menghadiri Program Outreach MATRADE & Agensi Di bawah Kementerian Perdagangan Antarabangsa dan Industri (MITI) 2016, di sini semalam.

Keseluruhannya, 70 wakil syarikat pelbagai sektor, terutama  industri gas dan minyak menyertai program berkenaan yang juga sebahagian daripada inisiatif MITI ke arah usaha meningkatkan  penyertaan pengeksport dalam kalangan usahawan tempatan.

Leany ketika mengulas lanjut, berkata sepanjang Januari hingga Oktober 2016, Sarawak mencatatkan nilai eksport mencecah RM49.9 billion berbanding RM61 billion bagi tempoh sama tahun lalu.

"Berlaku sedikit penurunan dari segi nilai eksport antara tahun ini dan tahun lalu iaitu kira-kira 18..2 peratus. Ini disebabkan beberapa faktor yang tidak dapat dielakkan, khususnya peningkatan kos bahan mentah dan ketidaktentuan kadar tukaran wang disebabkan situasi ekonomi semasa.

"Namun, kita bersikap positif terhadap perkara itu, malah sedang merangka pelbagai pendekatan strategik dalam mendepani cabaran berkenaan," katanya.

Katanya, antara pendekatan dilaksanakan termasuk memperkukuhkan kerjasama dengan Kerajaan Sarawak melalui penganjuran misi eksport ke luar negara, khusus bagi meneroka pasaran baharu.

Pada masa yang sama, MATRADE turut merangka inisiatif meningkatkan penyertaan syarikat tempatan dalam pasaran eksport melalui penyediaan kemudahan berkaitan melalui rangkaian pejabatnya di seluruh dunia. -UnReportedNews™®

          Residents Invited to Attend Sister Cities Tour in China and South Korea With Leggett   
Montgomery County Executive Ike Leggett is leading a joint sister city and business development mission trip to South Korea and China in October and he is inviting residents to attend,  according to a news release. Leggett will travel to Seoul and Daejeon, Korea as well as Xi’an and Shanghai, China from October 20 through October […]
          Christmas Gifts For Men   
Women are fond of giving gifts to their special men. Selecting the perfect gift for your beloved doesn't have to be tedious. In fact, there are a variety of gifts that you can choose. It can get very confusing since there are a lot of options that you can choose from. Price wise, similar objects have different prices depending on their quality so if you're seriously considering your budget, you can pick one that best suits your resources. Common gifts for men include neckties since there you have a lot of options and they can be easily appreciated as they are essential to every man's wardrobe. So if you have a lot of male friends or a special man in your life, you can give neckties as a gift. It can be your best choice and you'll never go wrong with it. Silk ties are more expensive than silk ties from China without compromising quality. If you want, you can opt for a fancy brand but be ready to spend the extra cash.
          The Final Days   

MILWAUKEE—We're at the point in the movie where you know how it's going to end, but you stay up late to watch anyway, no matter how painful it gets. The only reason we're here is to watch the beheading of Howard Dean, one reporter declares in the press room after Sunday night's debate. But didn't we see that part already? The end of Dean's quest for the Democratic presidential nomination is winding up with the leisurely pace of the interminable conclusion of The Return of the King. After New Hampshire, there's been nothing but denouement.

Wisconsin was supposed to be Dean's dramatic last stand. Instead, it has all the excitement of the Missouri primary, but at least Missouri had the excuse that there weren't any candidates there. Members of the Dean campaign staff used Saturday to tour the Miller brewery—some are now sporting Miller High Life lapel pins—and I mentioned that I thought that was a pretty smart use of their free day, since Dean was in Vermont that night watching his son's final high-school hockey game. "They're pretty much all free days now," a campaign staffer replied.

But Dean isn't the only candidate facing a death watch. I hear rumors before the debate that both John Edwards and Dennis Kucinich are dropping out. I don't believe either rumor, but I can't decide whether it's more shocking that people believe Edwards is leaving or that Kucinich is.

Kucinich will never drop out. He's said so several times, and he's the one candidate who I believe means everything that comes out of his mouth. He really means it when he talks about the "militarization of thought," about being a "peace president," and about wanting to "change the metaphor of our society from war to peace." He was serious when he said in the spin room after Sunday's debate that unless we pull out of Iraq, "we're going to have a draft." Irony is not the long suit of the man who extended his wingspan Saturday night in front of a few hundred Democrats and helicoptered silently for several long seconds before shouting "No strings! No strings! No strings! No strings! I'll take you to the White House with no strings attached!" (Mean joke: Sure, he's got no strings to hold him down, but he still needs to be turned into a real candidate.) I feel bad about that joke—not bad enough not to print it—because, as Christopher Hitchens wrote last week, "Dennis Kucinich is the sort of guy who we need in politics." My wife thinks Kucinich is great, except for his crazy positions. I think that's about right.

As for Edwards, what's the point of winning the battle to be the last man standing against Kerry if you're not going to follow through on your long-shot strategy? Edwards did better than expected in Iowa after being endorsed by the state's largest newspaper, followed by a superior performance in the state's final debate. Well, Edwards did pretty well Sunday night—it's fairer to say that Kerry did poorly—and the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel just endorsed him.

How bad was Kerry's night? It wasn't disastrous, but it's as bad as I've seen him. He sounded like the meandering, orotund Kerry of last summer. His answers to questions about diversity and gay marriage were muddled incoherence, and he claimed that it wasn't his fault that the Bush administration has abused the Patriot Act, the No Child Left Behind Act, and the congressional Iraq war resolution. But if you vote for broadly written laws that are abused by the administration in power when you passed them, aren't you at least partly to blame for the consequences? You wouldn't let your 6-year-old drive the family car and then blame him for the accident. And you can be certain that if the Patriot Act, No Child Left Behind, and the war were popular with Democratic voters, Kerry would be taking credit for them.

Edwards fired off the night's best line in response to Kerry's tortuous answer to a question about whether he feels "any degree of responsibility for the war and its costs and casualties": "That's the longest answer I ever heard to a yes or no question. The answer to your question is: of course; we all accept responsibility for what we did." (The Dean campaign followed up with a press release stating only, "Memo to John Edwards: You are so right.")

But I don't think that moment offsets the fact that Edwards is torching his centrist reputation with his antitrade rhetoric. Granted, it's not only him. Alleged liberal Howard Dean was the only candidate on stage willing to unabashedly defend the passage of free trade agreements such as NAFTA ("I think the free trade agreements were justified"), though he does want to change them now. Kerry seemed evasive when he defended his votes for NAFTA and permanent normal trade relations with China by citing side agreements that dealt with labor and environmental standards.

But Edwards goes much further than Dean and Kerry. His campaign issued a press release trumpeting his votes against "fast track" and against trade agreements with Chile, Singapore, Africa, and the Caribbean. And on stage, he criticized Dean and Kerry for supporting "free trade, as they always have." The anti-NAFTA consensus was the most striking thing to me about Sunday's debate. Was it really more than 10 years ago that Al Gore handed that picture of Reed Smoot and Willis Hawley to Ross Perot on CNN?

Later in the debate, Edwards toned down his rhetoric. "The truth is, some of these jobs are gone," he said. "We're not going to get them back." And I was grateful that no candidate elected to bash Greg Mankiw, the chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers (as Kerry did in a speech Saturday night), for suggesting that the outsourcing of some jobs is good for the American economy in the long run. Bush administration economists have told enough lies—Mankiw's predecessor asserted that there was no connection between the deficit and interest rates, despite writing about the connection in his own textbook—that they deserve some applause when they tell an unpopular truth.


          Landslide Kerry   

HAMPTON, N.H.—As Kerrymania sweeps the Granite State, the latest Zogby Poll notwithstanding, I'm still scratching my head over the phenomenon. Politics is full of truisms, one of which is that voters never elect a résumé, and another is that they don't vote strategically. But in John Kerry's case, voters appear to be doing both. They've decided, whether he's their favorite candidate or not, that he's the Democrat with the CV to go up against President Bush in November.

A third political truism—that negative campaigning hurts both the attacker and the attacked—helped explain the results of the Iowa caucuses, as voters ran away from the Dean-Gephardt slugfest and toward Kerry and John Edwards and, to a lesser extent here in New Hampshire, Wesley Clark. But I'm straining for an iron law of politics that explains how Kerry went from presumptive embarrassment to presumptive nominee in less than a month (though the race isn't over by a long shot). He's not the best or most skilled speaker in the race. He hasn't raised the most money. He wasn't leading in the national polls on Jan. 1.

Kerry is the Einstein of this race, upending the known Newtonian laws and replacing them with new ones. Perhaps the candidate who uses the most superlatives is now guaranteed victory. Kerry loves two expressions: "in all my time in public life" and "in the modern history of the country." For example, to take a Kerry favorite, President Bush has conducted "the most arrogant, inept, reckless, and ideological foreign policy in the modern history of the country." Similarly, Kerry said Sunday in Nashua, "This is the most antiscience administration in the modern history of the country." Or, during this month's National Public radio debate, "We're witnessing the greatest period of crony capitalism in the modern history of the country."

"Never in all my time in public life have I seen the workplace so unfair," is another Kerry favorite on the stump. Or, here's Kerry last week on the PBS NewsHour: "This is the most say-one-thing do-another administration I've seen in all my time in public life." In last week's debate, it was, "This is the worst environmental administration that I've ever seen in all my time in public life." At a Friday event in Manchester, Kerry declared that the Republican campaign against former Georgia Sen. Max Cleland (who's been campaigning with Kerry) was "the most craven moment I have seen in American politics." Presumably it broke the record held by a 1996 William Weld ad that Kerry then called "the most duplicitous and brazen distortion I've ever seen."

Or perhaps the candidate who receives the worst introduction speech of the campaign wins. At that Friday event in Manchester, Sen. Fritz Hollings, D-S.C., introduced Kerry with a long, rambling speech that included the word "Chinaman." As Hollings was explaining that "50 percent of the furniture in this country comes from China," a shockingly loud pop crackled through the speakers and startled most people in the room. "Some Chinaman got mad at that," Hollings said to laughter. (Later, when more noises popped through the speakers, Kerry politically corrected the joke to, "This Chinese guy is still around.") Hollings also declared that Dick Cheney "is the Jesse Jackson of the Republican Party. He wants it all, his time has come!" A few people applauded when Hollings said he was about to finish.

Or perhaps the spoils go to the candidate who has the most difficulty reading his crowd. In Manchester, Kerry gave a touching speech about the importance of veterans and of "keeping faith with those who wore the uniform." As soon as it was over, a woman stood up and said, I'm not a veteran. What are you going to do for the average person? At a firehouse in Hampton yesterday, a man told Kerry that he thinks it's unfair that people say a New Englander can't connect with people from varying backgrounds. And to prove that you can do it, he says, explain the importance of the icon on my hat. Kerry is mystified. "The Latin? The Ten?" he asks. Malcolm X, the man explains.

I don't want to overstate Kerry's flaws. He's not Al Gore. He comes across as good-humored, decent, and likable rather than phony. And he doesn't pander mindlessly on every subject. On offshore job losses, "The solution is not to sit there and pretend that you can stop every job from going overseas," he says in Hampton. On the subject of religion, he believes that presidents should "recognize the diversity of faiths and even of agnosticism and atheism," and he takes the politically risky stance of admitting to a "questioning, agnostic stage" after his experience in Vietnam.

But Kerry also seems to keep a little intellectual distance from his public persona, unlike Dean or Edwards, who are pretty much "method politicians." The goofy grin that Kerry invariably breaks out at the end of his stump speech communicates the idea that he thinks this is a little, well, goofy. In a sense, that might be one more reason to like him, but it doesn't get me any closer to explaining his success. Going after Dean on taxes seems to be working—"I'm going to protect the middle class. I'm not touching your child care credit, like some candidates. I'm not going to put back in place the marriage penalty. I'm not going to take away your 10 percent bracket and raise it immediately to 15 percent, as some candidates are," Kerry says—but Democrats aren't supposed to vote on tax cuts in a primary. Military experience is part of it, too, but that brings me back to the résumé truism.

I'm left with one answer: He's taller.


          Frases cortas de vida que encontramos en canciones   

Estoy segura, es más puedo jurar que tienes o has tenido una canción que logra enchinarte la piel porque sientes que en su letra se encuentra una poesía maravillosa que justo se adaptó al momento de vida por el que estabas pasando. Puedo hacer tal afirmación porque también me ha pasado, y es completamente normal. […]

La entrada Frases cortas de vida que encontramos en canciones aparece primero en Freim.


          Japanese Boy Blackmail and Fuck Uncles Wife Chinami Sakai in kitchen   
Watch Japanese Boy Blackmail and Fuck Uncles Wife Chinami Sakai in kitchen at Sex2016.net - best free sex video tube updated daily with new porn videos!
          See Dick Run   

SIOUX CITY, Iowa—Dean season! Gephardt season! Dean season! Gephardt season! If any lingering debate remained over which presidential candidate is currently enjoying his media moment, my two days with Dick Gephardt settled it. The 20 national reporters who follow Gephardt for all or part of his campaign swing from Des Moines to Sioux City are the latest sign that not only have the leaves turned in late October, but so have the media.

I came along to witness firsthand the evidence for something I wrote earlier this month after the Phoenix debate, that Gephardt's hard-nosed and well-organized Iowa campaign presents, at the moment, the biggest obstacle to President Dean (or, to be fairer, Democratic Nominee Dean). But I missed the media conspiracy memo that told everyone else to show up, too. During Gephardt's weekend swing in Iowa two days before, only three national reporters trailed the candidate. But now, David Brooks is here. So are Mara Liasson of NPR and Carl Cameron of Fox News. Throw in reporters from ABC, MSNBC, Knight Ridder, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the Christian Science Monitor, Newsweek, and the New York Times. (Counting Brooks, on Wednesday there are two New York Times writers following Gephardt.) Just for the sake of overkill, there are reporters from the British press and from Japanese television along for the ride. At one event in Pocahontas, Iowa—a town with an absolutely gigantic statue of the Indian princess outside her teepee welcoming visitors from the highway—the number of journalists nearly matches the number of prospective caucus-goers.

The Gephardt campaign pushes its slow-and-steady-wins-the-race angle (or is it a plea for votes from Maryland Terrapins alums?) by emblazoning "Fear the Turtle!" on the front of the press itinerary, complete with a little clip-art turtle on every page. The packet includes the latest Iowa poll results, which show Gephardt and Dean in a statistical tie for the lead, with Kerry and Edwards lagging behind. For good measure, the campaign throws in last week's favorable press clippings, including Des Moines Register wise man David Yepsen's assertion that Gephardt is the Iowa front-runner and that Dean has "plateaued" in the state. Also enclosed is a much-discussed Washington Post report—distributed, in truncated form, to voters at campaign events—that Gephardt is the candidate "many prominent Republicans fear the most." Not included is a delicious metaphor for Gephardt supporters to latch onto: While hurtling from campaign stop to campaign stop in Iowa over the past few months, the Dean van has been pulled over multiple times for speeding.

At his first stop, a senior center in Des Moines (the first of three consecutive senior centers visited by the campaign), Gephardt is supposed to deliver a "health policy address," but it turns out to be a rehash of old Howard Dean quotes about Medicare. (Later, while being ribbed by reporters about the false advertising, Gephardt's Iowa press secretary, Bill Burton, protests that he never called it a "major" policy address.) The newest wrinkle: Gephardt wants to paint the 1997 balanced budget accord—generally thought to be one of President Clinton's major accomplishments, and one supported by Dean—as a "deep, devastating cut" in Medicare.

While Gephardt speaks in front of a sign that reads "Protect Social Security" and "Protect Medicare" over and over, like computer-desktop wallpaper, I wonder: Does he really want to play this game? Dredging up old quotes and votes about Gephardt's onetime conservatism is what helped to derail his '88 campaign. He voted against the establishment of the Department of Education. He voted for a constitutional amendment to ban abortion. He voted to means-test Social Security and to eliminate cost-of-living adjustments from the program. He voted for Reagan's 1981 tax cuts. He opposed an increase in the minimum wage. Does a man with a legislative record this long and varied really want to ostentatiously declare, "There are life-and-death consequences to every position taken and every vote cast"? If that's so, how many times was Dick Gephardt on the side of death?

For now, however, it's a more recent House vote that's preventing Gephardt from running away with the Iowa race. At nearly every campaign event I attend, Gephardt is forced to deliver, in effect, two separate stump speeches. The first is the one he would like the campaign to be about: universal health care, jobs, and the immorality of rapacious multinational corporations. Gephardt's not anticapitalist: "Capitalism is the best system," he says in Pocahontas. "But capitalism has to have rules, so the capitalists don't destroy the very system" they benefit from.

He describes his visits to Mexico, China, and India, where workers live in the cardboard boxes used to ship the products they make. "I smelled where they live," he says. They live without electricity, without running water, with raw sewage running down the streets and next to "drainage ditches filled with human waste." "They live in worse conditions than farm animals in Iowa," he continues. "This is nothing short of human exploitation, that's what it is, for the profit of some special interests in the world." I'm not sure I agree with Gephardt's proposed solutions—though I'm intrigued by his notion of a variable international minimum wage—but there's no denying that he's a powerful critic of global capitalism's excesses.

Then, once Gephardt has finished and the applause has subsided, almost invariably a voter raises his hand to ask: What about Iraq? Was this war about oil? How can we recover the world's respect? How can we pay for all your programs with a war on?

At this point, Gephardt is forced to unveil stump speech No. 2. Sept. 11 changed everything, he says. Government's highest obligation is to protect American lives. In a Gephardt administration, the highest priority would be to prevent a nuclear device—"dirty or clean"—from going off in New York, Los Angeles, or Des Moines. That's why he decided Saddam Hussein needed to be removed. He supported the war because he believed the estimates of the CIA and the warnings of former Clinton administration officials, not because he listened to President Bush ("I would never do that").

Slowly, Gephardt's defense of his vote for the congressional war resolution transitions into a critique of the president. Though in an interview he insisted that the president was smart, on the stump he's not shy about insinuating that the president (whom he often refers to as "Dubya") is stupid. "He's incompetent," "He frightens me," "He's hard to help," I told him America founded the United Nations because "I wasn't sure he knew the history," and "If you'd been meeting with him every week since 9/11, you'd be running for president," too. Because Bush refused to negotiate with Kim Jong Il, North Korea is now "weeks away" from producing nuclear bombs. Bush abandoned the peace negotiations between Israel and Palestine, saying, "It's not our problem." He's arrogant. He doesn't play well with others. By the end, people are satisfied enough with Gephardt's explanation, and maybe even a little terrified, but you get the sense that they're not enthused by it.

But Gephardt isn't counting on enthusiasm. He has a couple edges on Dean, in addition to his obvious union support. For one, a surprising number of Iowa Democrats just don't like the former Vermont governor. The opposition to Gephardt tends to be substantive, based on his support for the war or his failure as Democratic leader to enact a more Democratic agenda. But the opposition to Dean is stylistic, or maybe even cultural. In socially conservative Iowa, sometimes you hear it whispered: Where's Dean's wife? Before Gephardt arrives at an event in the town of Ida Grove, I overhear a woman grumble about Judith Steinberg's refusal to campaign for her husband. "I can't get used to that," she tells her companion. "It's supposed to be a family thing."

By the same token, Gephardt never fails to mention the "church loans" and "church scholarships" that allowed him to attend Northwestern and then Michigan law school. He also refers to his son, Matt, who survived prostate cancer as an infant, as a "gift of God." I don't think I've ever heard Howard Dean say the word "God" in reference to anything.

Just before the last stop in Sioux City, I'm granted a 10-minute ride-along interview with Gephardt. I've got a number of questions, but the one I really want an answer to is this: If balanced budgets and free trade—two things that don't get a lot of emphasis in the Gephardt platform—weren't the secrets of the Clinton economy, what were? Higher taxes for the rich? Gephardt explains that the '97 budget accord wasn't needed to balance the budget, and then he tries to explain why Bush's steel tariffs—which Gephardt supported, and which made the United States lose manufacturing jobs—aren't analogous to the retaliatory tariffs Gephardt wants to be able to impose on foreign products or factories that don't comply with minimal labor and environmental standards. Soon enough, we're so sidetracked that I've forgotten entirely what we were talking about.

But afterward, when I'm once again following Gephardt in my rental car, I'm left with my question: Clinton balanced the budget and promoted free trade, and the economy boomed. President Bush ran up enormous deficits and put new restrictions on trade, and the economy sputtered. Isn't Dick Gephardt's plan closer to President Bush's?


          Por: pavotito   
esa momia es una masa pero a la ves no por que era china, y a la ves quedo re chino el viejo...
          China: Global economy still not out of the woods, says regulator   
The financial crisis has proved the financial services sector to be dysfunctional and the current economic situation remains "tough", according to Liu Mingkang, chairman of the China Banking Regulatory Commission.
          China: Regulator curbs transfers to check hot money    
The mainland's foreign exchange regulator has issued a rule to control local and foreign currencies being transferred between bank accounts, a move to curb hot money flowing into the country amid expectations of a stronger yuan.
          Hong Kong: HKMA chief says China not hiking bank capital requirements    
The head of Hong Kong's central bank was quoted in reports Tuesday as saying banking regulators in Beijing aren't currently planning to raise Chinese banks' capital adequacy ratios.
          LIFF SPECIAL REVIEW: Babylon Sisters   
Twelve-year-old Kamla (Amber Dutta) lives with her parents Shanti (Nav Ghotra) and Ashok (Rahul Dutta) in a run-down apartment building in Trieste, Italy. The building’s inhabitants represent the newer waves of immigration to Italy (and other western European countries), coming from regions as far-flung as Eastern Europe, Turkey, China and India. The one exception is the Professore Leone (veteran Italian actor Renato Carpentieri), a retired teacher who rails against his neighbours, accusing them of eating his cats and generally ruining the neighbourhood. The lives of the inhabitants are turned upside down when the landlord, Zacchigna (Lorenzo Acquaviva) serves eviction notices
          Presunta explosión de un iPhone 5 en China   
Una joven china ha sufrido graves heridas en el ojo a causa de la explosin de su iPhone 5 tras realizar una llamada telefnica. Apple se ... tags: accesoriosaccidenteapplecargadorChinaexplosiónexplotaPresunta explosión de un iPhone 5 en China
europapress
          India and the Balance of Power   

India is arriving on the world stage as the first large, economically powerful, culturally vibrant, multiethnic, multireligious democracy outside of the geographic West. As it rises, India has the potential to become a leading member of the "political West" and to play a key role in the great political struggles of the next decades. Whether it will, and how soon, depends above all on the readiness of the Western powers to engage India on its own terms.

THREE STRATEGIC CIRCLES

India's grand strategy divides the world into three concentric circles. In the first, which encompasses the immediate neighborhood, India has sought primacy and a veto over the actions of outside powers. In the second, which encompasses the so-called extended neighborhood stretching across Asia and the Indian Ocean littoral, India has sought to balance the influence of other powers and prevent them from undercutting its interests. In the third, which includes the entire global stage, India has tried to take its place as one of the great powers, a key player in international peace and security.

Three things have historically prevented India from realizing these grand strategic goals. First, the partition of the South Asian subcontinent along religious lines (first into India and Pakistan, in 1947, then into India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, in 1971) left India with a persistent conflict with Pakistan and an internal Hindu-Muslim divide. It also physically separated India from historically linked states such as Afghanistan, Iran, and the nations of Southeast Asia. The creation of an avowedly Islamic state in Pakistan caused especially profound problems for India's engagement with the Middle East. Such tensions intertwined with regional and global great-power rivalries to severely constrict India's room for maneuver in all three concentric circles.

The second obstacle was the Indian socialist system, which caused a steady relative economic decline and a consequent loss of influence in the years after independence. The state-socialist model led India to shun commercial engagement with the outside world. As a result, India was disconnected from its natural markets and culturally akin areas in the extended neighborhood.

Finally, the Cold War, the onset of which quickly followed India's independence, pushed India into the arms of the Soviet Union in response to Washington's support for Pakistan and China -- and thus put the country on the losing side of the great political contest of the second half of the twentieth century. Despite being the largest democracy in the world, India ended up siding with the opposite camp on most global issues.

The last decade of the twentieth century liberated India from at least two of these constraints; state socialism gave way to economic liberalization and openness to globalization, and the Cold War ended. Suddenly, New Delhi was free to reinvent its foreign policy -- positioning itself to face the rise of China, shifting its strategic approach to its other neighbors, and beginning to work closely with the world's existing great powers.

VARIETIES OF INFLUENCE

India's recent embrace of openness and globalization has had an especially dramatic effect on the country's role in the region. As the nations of the subcontinent jettison their old socialist agendas, India is well positioned to promote economic integration. Although the pace has been relatively slow, the process has begun to gain traction. The planned implementation of the South Asian Free Trade Agreement this summer signals the coming reintegration of the subcontinent's markets, which constituted a single economic space until 1947.

At the same time, optimism on the economic front must be tempered by an awareness of the problematic political developments in India's smaller neighbors. The struggle for democracy and social justice in Nepal, interminable political violence and the rise of Islamic extremism in Bangladesh, and the simmering civil war in Sri Lanka underscore the potential dangers of failing states on the subcontinent. There are also the uncertain futures of Pakistan and Afghanistan: defeating religious extremism and creating modern and moderate states in both countries is of paramount importance to India. A successful Indian strategy for promoting peace and prosperity within the region would require preventing internal conflicts from undermining regional security, as well as resolving India's own conflicts with its neighbors.

In the past, great-power rivalries, as well as India's own tensions with Pakistan and China, have complicated New Delhi's effort to maintain order in the region. Today, all of the great powers, including the United States and China, support the Indian objective of promoting regional economic integration. The Bush administration has also started to defer to Indian leadership on regional security issues. Given the new convergence of U.S. and Indian interests in promoting democracy and countering extremism and terrorism, New Delhi no longer suspects Washington of trying to undercut its influence in the region. As a result, it is more prepared than ever to work with the United States and other Western powers to pursue regional goals.

Meanwhile, the external environment has never been as conducive as it is today to the resolution of the Indo-Pakistani conflict over Kashmir. The conflict has become less and less relevant to India's relations with the great powers, which has meant a corresponding willingness on New Delhi's part to work toward a solution. Of particular importance has been the steady evolution of the U.S. position on Kashmir since the late 1990s. The support extended by President Bill Clinton to India in its limited war with Pakistan in 1999 removed the perception that Washington would inevitably align with Islamabad in regional conflicts. But India remained distrustful of the Clinton administration's hyperactive, prescriptive approach to Kashmir. It has been more comfortable with the low-key methods of the Bush administration, which has avoided injecting itself directly into the conflict. The Bush administration has also publicly held Pakistan responsible for cross-border terrorism and has extracted the first-ever assurances from Pakistan to put an end to the attacks. New Delhi does not entirely believe these promises, but it has nonetheless come to trust Washington as a source of positive of influence on Islamabad.

These developments have opened the way for a peace process between the two governments. With the growing awareness that the normalization of relations with Pakistan would end a debilitating conflict and help India's regional and global standing, New Delhi has begun to negotiate seriously for the first time in decades. Although the pace of talks has not satisfied Pakistan, the two sides have agreed on a range of confidence-building measures. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has rejected the idea of giving up territory, but he has often called for innovative solutions that would improve living conditions and for common institutions that would connect Kashmiris across the Line of Control. Singh has made clear that the Indian leadership is ready to risk political capital on finding a diplomatic solution to Kashmir.

India's recent effort to resolve its long-standing border dispute with China has been just as bold. New Delhi decided in 2003 to seek a settlement with Beijing on a political basis, rather than on the basis of legal or historical claims. As a result, during Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's visit to New Delhi in April 2005, India and China agreed on a set of principles to guide the final settlement. The two governments are now exploring the contours of mutually satisfactory territorial compromises.

India's search for practical solutions to the disputes over Kashmir and its border with China suggests that the country has finally begun to overcome the obsession with territoriality that has consumed it since its formation. Ironically, the nuclearization of India and Pakistan in 1998 may have helped in this regard: although nuclearization initially sharpened New Delhi's conflicts with both Islamabad and Beijing, it also allowed India to approach its territorial problems with greater self-assurance and pragmatism.

INDIA UNBOUND

Progress on the resolution of either of these conflicts, especially the one over Kashmir, would liberate India's political and diplomatic energies so that the country could play a larger role in the world. It would also finally release India's armed forces from the constraining mission of territorial defense, allowing them to get more involved in peace and stability operations around the Indian Ocean. Even with all the tensions on the subcontinent, the armies of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh have been among the biggest contributors to UN peacekeeping operations. The normalization of Indo-Pakistani relations would further free up some of the best armed forces in the world for the promotion of the collective good in the greater Middle East, Africa, and Asia.

Even as the Kashmir and China questions have remained unsettled, India's profile in its extended neighborhood has grown considerably since the early 1990s. India's outward economic orientation has allowed it to reestablish trade and investment linkages with much of its near abroad. New Delhi is negotiating a slew of free- and preferential-trade agreements with individual countries as well as multilateral bodies including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and the Southern African Development Community. Just as China has become the motor of economic growth in East Asia, a rising India could become the engine of economic integration in the Indian Ocean region.

After decades of being marginalized from regional institutions in different parts of Asia, India is also now a preferred political partner for ASEAN, the East Asian Summit, the GCC, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the African Union. Moreover, it has emerged as a major aid donor; having been an aid recipient for so long, India is now actively leveraging its own external assistance to promote trade as well as political objectives. For example, India has given $650 million in aid to Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban. Meanwhile, the search for oil has encouraged Indian energy companies to tail their Western and Chinese counterparts throughout the world, from Central Asia and Siberia and to western Africa and Venezuela.

On the security side, India has been actively engaged in defense diplomacy. Thanks to the strength of its armed forces, India is well positioned to assist in stabilizing the Indian Ocean region. It helps that there has been a convergence of U.S. and Indian political interests: countering terrorism, pacifying Islamic radicalism, promoting democracy, and ensuring the security of sea-lanes, to name a few. The Indian navy in particular has been at the cutting edge of India's engagement with the region -- as was evident from its ability to deploy quickly to areas hit by the tsunami at the end of 2004. The Indian navy today is also ready to participate in multinational military operations.

AXES AND ALLIES

The end of the Cold War freed India to pursue engagement with all the great powers -- but especially the United States. At the start of the 1990s, finding that its relations with the United States, China, Japan, and Europe were all underdeveloped, India moved quickly to repair the situation. Discarding old socialist shibboleths, it began to search for markets for its products and capital to fuel its long-constrained domestic growth. Economic partnerships were easy to construct, and increasing trade flows provided a new basis for stability in India's relations with other major powers. India's emergence as an outsourcing destination and its new prowess in information technology also give it a niche in the world economy -- along with the confidence that it can benefit from economic globalization.

Barely 15 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, India's omnidirectional engagement with the great powers has paid off handsomely. Never before has India had such expansive relations with all the major powers at the same time -- a result not only of India's increasing weight in the global economy and its growing power potential, but also of New Delhi's savvy and persistent diplomacy.

The evolution of Sino-Indian ties since the 1990s has been especially important and intriguing. Many see violent conflict between the two rising Asian powers as inevitable. But thanks to New Delhi's policy of actively engaging China since the late 1980s, the tensions that characterized relations between them from the late 1950s through the 1970s have become receding memories. Bilateral trade has boomed, growing from less than $200 million in the early 1990s to nearly $20 billion in 2005. In fact, China is set to overtake the European Union and the United States as India's largest trading partner within a few years. The 3,500-kilometer Sino-Indian border, over which the two countries fought a war in 1962, is now tranquil. And during Wen's visit to India in April 2005, India and China announced a "strategic partnership" -- even though just seven years earlier New Delhi had cited concerns over China as a reason for performing nuclear tests, prompting a vicious reaction from Beijing.

India has also cooperated with China in order to neutralize it in conflicts with Pakistan and other smaller neighbors. In the past, China tended to be a free rider on regional security issues, proclaiming noninterference in the internal affairs of other nations while opportunistically befriending regimes in pursuit of its long-term strategic interests. This allowed India's subcontinental neighbors to play the China card against New Delhi when they wanted to resist India's attempts to nudge them toward conflict resolution. But now, Beijing has increasingly avoided taking sides in India's disputes, even as its economic and security profile in the region has grown.

China is not the only Asian power that India is aiming to engage and befriend. Japan has also emerged as an important partner for India, especially since Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi has transformed Japanese politics in the last few years. During a visit to New Delhi just a couple of weeks after Wen's in April 2005, Koizumi announced Japan's own "strategic partnership" with India. (This came despite Japan's harsh reaction to India's nuclear test in 1998, which prompted Japanese sanctions and an effort by Tokyo to censure India in the United Nations and other multilateral forums.) Amid growing fears of a rising China and the incipient U.S.-Indian alliance, Japan has elevated India to a key player in its long-term plans for Asian security.

Recognizing the need to diversify its Asian economic portfolio, Tokyo has also, for political reasons, begun to direct some of its foreign investment to India (which has overtaken China as the largest recipient of Japanese development assistance). Since the start of the Bush administration, Japan has also shown increasing interest in expanding military cooperation with India, especially in the maritime domain. India, too, has recognized that it shares with Japan an interest in energy security and in maintaining a stable balance of power in Asia. Japan actively supported India's participation in the inaugural East Asian Summit, in December 2005, despite China's reluctance to include New Delhi. Neither India nor Japan wants to base their political relationship exclusively on a potential threat from China, but both know that deepening their own security cooperation will open up new strategic options and that greater coordination between Asian democracies could limit China's impact.

India's relations with Europe have been limited by the fact that New Delhi is fairly unimpressed with Europe's role in global politics. It senses that Europe and India have traded places in terms of their attitudes toward the United States: while Europe seethes with resentment of U.S. policies, India is giving up on habitually being the first, and most trenchant, critic of Washington. As pessimism overtakes Europe, growing Indian optimism allows New Delhi to support unpopular U.S. policies. Indians consistently give both the United States and the Bush administration very favorable marks; according to a recent Pew Global Attitudes poll, for example, the percentage of Indians with a positive view of the United States rose from 54 percent in 2002 to 71 percent in 2005. And whereas a declining Europe has tended to be skeptical of India's rise, the Bush administration has been fully sympathetic to India's great-power aspirations.

Still, India does have growing economic and political ties with some European powers. Although many smaller European countries have been critical of the U.S.-Indian nuclear deal, the continent's two nuclear powers, France and the United Kingdom, have been supportive. Paris, in particular, bet long ago (well before Washington did, in fact) that a rising India would provide a good market for high-tech goods; with this in mind, it shielded New Delhi from the ire of the G-8 (the group of eight highly industrialized nations) after India tested nuclear weapons in May 1998. In the last several years, the United Kingdom has also started to seize economic opportunities in India and has been generally accommodating of New Delhi's regional and global aspirations.

In the wake of the Soviet Union's collapse, India also worked to maintain a relationship with Russia. The two states resolved residual issues relating to their old semi-barter rupee-ruble trading arrangements, recast their 1971 peace and friendship treaty, and maintained military cooperation. When President Vladimir Putin succeeded Boris Yeltsin, in 2000, India's waiting game paid off. A newly assertive Moscow was determined to revive and expand its strategic cooperation with India. New Delhi's only problems with Moscow today are the weakening bilateral trade relationship and the risk of Russia's doing too much to strengthen China's military capabilities.

CHARM OFFENSIVE

At the end of the Cold War, the prospect of India's building a new political relationship with the United States seemed remote. Washington had long favored Pakistan and China in the region, India had in turn aligned itself with the Soviet Union, and a number of global issues seemed to pit the two countries against each other. Yet after the Cold War, India set about wooing the United States. For most of the Clinton administration, this sweet-talking fell on deaf ears, in part because Clinton officials were so focused on the Kashmir dispute and nonproliferation. Clinton, driven by the unshakable assumption that Kashmir was one of the world's most dangerous "nuclear flashpoints" and so needed to be defused, emphasized "preventive diplomacy" and was determined to "cap, roll back, and eventually eliminate" India's nuclear capabilities. Of course, Clinton's approach ran headlong into India's core national security concerns -- territorial integrity and preserving its nuclear option. Pressed by Washington to circumscribe its strategic capabilities, New Delhi reacted by testing nuclear weapons.

But even as it faced U.S. sanctions, New Delhi also began to proclaim that India was a natural ally of the United States. Although the Clinton administration was not interested in an alliance, the nuclear tests forced the United States to engage India seriously for the first time in five decades. That engagement did not resolve the nuclear differences, but it did bring Clinton to India in March 2000 -- the first American presidential visit to India in 22 years. Clinton's personal charm, his genuine empathy for India, and his unexpected support of India in the 1999 war with Pakistan succeeded in improving the atmospherics of the relations and in putting New Delhi on Washington's radar screen in a new way.

It took Bush, however, to transform the strategic context of U.S.-Indian relations. Convinced that India's influence will stretch far beyond its immediate neighborhood, Bush has reconceived the framework of U.S. engagement with New Delhi. He has removed many of the sanctions, opened the door for high-tech cooperation, lent political support to India's own war on terrorism, ended the historical U.S. tilt toward Pakistan on Kashmir, and repositioned the United States in the Sino-Indian equation by drawing closer to New Delhi.

India has responded to these sweeping changes by backing the Bush administration on missile defense, the International Criminal Court, and finding alternative approaches to confronting global warming. It lent active support to Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan by protecting U.S. assets in transit through the Strait of Malacca in 2002, agreed to work with the United States on multinational military operations outside of the UN framework, and, in 2005 and 2006, voted twice with Washington against Iran -- an erstwhile Indian ally -- at the International Atomic Energy Agency. India also came close to sending a division of troops to Iraq in the summer of 2003 before pulling back at the last moment. Every one of these actions marked a big departure in Indian foreign policy. And although disappointed by India's decision to stay out of Iraq, the Bush administration recognized that India was in the midst of a historic transformation of its foreign policy -- and kept faith that India's own strategic interests would continue to lead it toward deeper political cooperation with Washington. New Delhi's persistence in reaching out to Washington since 1991 has been driven by the belief that only by fundamentally changing its relationship with the world's sole superpower could it achieve its larger strategic objectives: improving its global position and gaining leverage in its relations with other great powers.

But India's ability to engage everyone at the same time might soon come to an end. As U.S.-Chinese tensions grow and Washington looks for ways to manage China's influence, questions about India's attitude toward the new power politics will arise: Can India choose to remain "nonaligned" between the United States and China, or does India's current grand strategy show a clear bias toward the United States?

The nuclear pact unveiled by Bush and Singh in July 2005 -- and consolidated when Bush went to New Delhi in March 2006 -- was an effort by Washington to influence the ultimate answer to that question. Bush offered to modify U.S. nonproliferation laws (subject to approval by Congress, of course) and revise the global nuclear order to facilitate full cooperation with India on civilian nuclear energy. New Delhi, in return, has promised to separate its civilian and military nuclear programs, place its civilian nuclear plants under international safeguards, and abide by a range of nonproliferation obligations. India's interest in such a deal has been apparent for a long time. Having failed to test weapons before the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty was drafted, in 1968, India was trapped in an uncomfortable position vis-à-vis the nuclear order: it was not willing to give up the nuclear option, but it could not be formally accommodated by the nonproliferation regime as a nuclear weapons state.

India's motives for wanting a change in the nuclear regime are thus obvious. But for the Bush administration, the deal is less about nuclear issues than it is about creating the basis for a true alliance between the United States and India -- about encouraging India to work in the United States' favor as the global balance of power shifts. Ironically, it was the lack of a history of mutual trust and cooperation -- stemming in part from past nuclear disputes -- that convinced the Bush administration that a nuclear deal was necessary.

AN IMPOSSIBLE ALLY?

Many critics argue that the Bush administration's hopes for an alliance are misplaced. They insist that the traditionally nonaligned India will never be a true ally of the United States. But such critics misunderstand India's nonalignment, as well as the nature of its realpolitik over the past 60 years. Contrary to a belief that is especially pervasive in India itself, New Delhi has not had difficulty entering into alliances when its interests so demanded. Its relationship with the Soviet Union, built around a 1971 peace and friendship treaty, had many features of an alliance (notwithstanding India's claim that such ties were consistent with nonalignment); the compact was in many ways a classic response to the alignment of Washington, Beijing, and Islamabad. India has also had treaty-based security relationships with two of its smaller neighbors, Bhutan and Nepal, that date back to 1949-50 -- protectorate arrangements that were a reaction to China's entry into Tibet.

In fact, there is no contradiction between India's alleged preference for "moralpolitik" (in opposition to pure power politics, or Machtpolitik) and the Bush administration's expectation of an alliance with India. New Delhi is increasingly replacing the idea of "autonomy," so dear to Indian traditionalists, with the notion of India's becoming a "responsible power." (Autonomy is thought appropriate for weak states trying to protect themselves from great-power competition but not for a rising force such as India.) As India starts to recognize that its political choices have global consequences, it will become less averse to choosing sides on specific issues. Alliance formation and balancing are tools in the kits of all great powers -- and so they are likely to be in India's as well.

That India is capable of forming alliances does not, however, mean that it will necessarily form a long-term one with the United States. Whether it does will depend on the extent of the countries' shared interests and their political capacity to act on them together. The Bush administration expects that such shared interests -- for example, in balancing China and countering radical Islam in the Middle East -- will provide the basis for long-term strategic cooperation. This outcome is broadly credible, but it is by no means inevitable, especially given the United States' seeming inability to build partnerships based on equality.

When it comes to facing a rising China, India's tendency to engage in regional balancing with Beijing has not come to an end with the proclamation of a strategic partnership between the two nations. Indeed, preventing China from gaining excessive influence in India's immediate neighborhood and competing with Beijing in Southeast Asia are still among the more enduring elements of India's foreign policy. Despite Western concerns about the military regime in Myanmar, New Delhi has vigorously worked to prevent Yangon from falling completely under Beijing's influence, and India's military ties with the Southeast Asian nations are expanding rapidly. In 2005, when Pakistan pushed for giving China observer status in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, India acted quickly to bring Japan, South Korea, and the United States in as well. Given India's deep-seated reluctance to play second fiddle to China in Asia and the Indian Ocean region -- and the relative comfort of working with a distant superpower -- there is a structural reason for New Delhi to favor greater security cooperation with Washington.

In the Middle East, too, India has a common interest with the United States in preventing the rise of radical Islam, which poses an existential threat to India. Given its large Muslim population -- at nearly 150 million, the third largest in the world -- and the ongoing tensions stemming from the subcontinent's partition, India has in the past acted on its own to avert the spread of radical Islam. When Washington aligned with conservative Islamic forces in the Middle East during the Cold War, India's preference was for secular nationalist forces in the region. When the United States acted ambivalently toward the Taliban in the mid-1990s, India worked with Russia, Iran, and the Central Asian states to counter the Taliban by supporting the Northern Alliance. Now, although some in India are concerned that alignment with the United States might make India a prime target for Islamist extremists, there is no way India can compromise with radical Islam, which threatens its very unity.

But shared interests do not automatically produce alliances. The inequality of power between the two countries, the absence of a habit of political cooperation between them, and the remaining bureaucratic resistance to deeper engagement in both capitals will continue to limit the pace and the scope of strategic cooperation between India and the United States. Still, there is no denying that India will have more in common with the United States than with the other great powers for the foreseeable future.

While New Delhi has acknowledged that U.S. support is necessary for India's rise to be successful, Washington has recognized India's potentially critical role in managing emerging challenges to global order and security. As a major beneficiary of accelerating globalization, India could play a crucial role in ensuring that other developing countries manage their transitions as successfully as it has, that is, by taking advantage of opportunities while working to reduce the pain of disruption. Given the pace of its expansion and the scale of its economy, India will also become an important force in ensuring that the unfolding global redistribution of economic power occurs in an orderly fashion. Meanwhile, India could become a key player in the effort to modernize the politics of the Middle East. If nothing else, India's success in ensuring the rights and the integration of its own Muslim minority and in reaching peace with Pakistan would have a powerful demonstration effect.

To secure a long-term partnership with India, Washington must build on the argument of "Indian exceptionalism" that it has advanced in defense of the recent nuclear pact, devising a range of India-specific policies to deepen cooperation. India is unlikely, however, to become a mere subsidiary partner of the United States, ready to sign on to every U.S. adventure and misadventure around the world. It will never become another U.S. ally in the mold of the United Kingdom or Japan. But nor will it be an Asian France, seeking tactical independence within the framework of a formal alliance.

Given the magnitude of the global security challenges today, the United States needs more than meek allies. It should instead be looking to win capable and compatible partners. A rising India may be difficult at times, but it will act broadly to defend and promote the many interests it shares with Washington. Assisting India's rise, then, is in the United States' own long-term interest.


          China may target slower economic growth: media   
This file photo shows a woman riding her tricycle, loaded with polystyrene boxes, in Shanghai. China might set an annual economic growth target below 8.0 percent for this year, state media said, as the leaders of the world's second largest economy acknowledge it is slowing.

03 March 2012
AFP News

China might set an annual economic growth target below 8.0 percent for this year, state media said, as the leaders of the world's second largest economy acknowledge it is slowing.

The report in the official Shanghai Securities News came before Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao delivers an annual policy address to lawmakers on Monday, when he is due to announce economic goals for the year.

China's economy expanded by 9.2 percent last year, slowing from 10.4 percent in 2010, as global turbulence and efforts to tame high inflation put the brakes on growth.

"An economic growth rate adjusted down to around 7.5 percent will not have any impact on economic development," the newspaper quoted Li Guozhang, an academic at Lanzhou University and member of an advisory body to the National People's Congress, or legislature, as saying.


China typically exceeds the annual growth target unveiled every March at the parliament session, and most economists are predicting GDP growth of 8.0-8.5 percent for China this year.

The 2011 increase in gross domestic product was well above the government's 8.0 percent target.

In a bid to counter slowing exports, the government has cut reserve requirements for banks twice in the last three months to increase lending and give the economy a boost.

Investment bank Goldman Sachs has forecast China will set a lower GDP growth target of 7.5 percent at the legislative meeting, but said that implied the government was willing to accept slower growth.

"A slightly lower GDP growth target rate is sensible given the fall in the level of potential GDP growth," Goldman said Friday in a research report.

"It can also be viewed as a gesture from the central government that local governments should not focus solely on the pace of GDP growth."

China has sought to prod local governments to focus on the quality of growth instead of its speed, while also seeking to shift away from dependence on exports to other engines such as domestic consumption.

China could target containing inflation to less than 4.0 percent this year at the upcoming congress, the Shanghai Securities News said, amid worries surging prices could spark social unrest.

For all of 2011, China's consumer price inflation was 5.4 percent, official figures showed, well above the government's full-year target of 4.0 percent and higher than the 2010 rate of 3.3 percent.

          WATCH: Klay Thompson can’t stop, won’t stop dancing in China   
Two-time NBA champion Klay Thompson is in China right now. We already know he’s tried and failed once to impress the locals with his (in)ability to dunk (watch here). So what does one do when Plan A falls through? Klay Thompson has a pretty good answer to that question. Klay having the time of his […]
          China introduces a communist tablet: the Red Pad [... at a non-proletarian price of US$1,600]   
January 20, 2012
By Molly McHugh
Digital Trends

The extremely expensive tablet will marketed specifically towards party officials.

If you thought iPads were expensive, think again. A new Chinese tablet called the Red Pad will cost $1,600 dollars, but not just anyone can buy it, even if you do have the money.

After heavy criticism over its price from Chinese consumers, marketing and advertising featuring the Red Pad seemingly disappeared. Now, the Economic Times is saying that the manufacturer will only sell the tablet to bureaucrats and not the public. Originally the device was going to be available for anyone with the money (or the ability to subsidize the purchase), but the public backlash was so strong, the manufacturers decided to change its marketing tactics. It now looks like some back-pedaling occurred, and as a result the tablets availability will be limited to only Party officials.

But it’s not only the cost that will appeal to party members either. The Red Pad is specifically built to cater to their needs: the tablet from Red Pad Technology (which is supposedly in cahoots with the country’s Ministry of Information Industry) comes packaged with government database access and integration with the communist mouthpiece website, People’s Daily.

What’s possibly most amusing about the Red Pad is its operating system. The 9.7-inch Red Pad uses the Android OS, which is surprising considering China’s ongoing issues with Google. Aside from its ironic use of this platform and outrageous price, the Red Pad is similar to any other tablet: it features an A9 dual core processor, Wi-Fi and 3G support, 16GB of flash storage, with a sub 10-inch touchscreen display.


Last month we heard that a personalized iPad application was being developed for UK Prime Minister David Cameron. The supposed app would give him immediate access to government affairs and news. While the degree of this app has been questioned (it’s possible it’s merely a secure, Flipboard-like portal to this data), it’s clear that government leaders have become taken with tablets.

          Report Ranks Shanghai As The Second Happiest Place to Travel in the World   

Shanghai now ranks as the second happiest travel destination in the world, a new survey has claimed. According to Condé Nast Traveler’s Joy Index, China’s largest and world’s most populous city, is only outranked by Canada’s  Labrador and Newfoundland. “Happiness experts” Gretchen Rubin,  of The Happiness Project fame, and Shawn Achor, author of The Happiness […]

The post Report Ranks Shanghai As The Second Happiest Place to Travel in the World appeared first on NextShark.


          China’s Popular ‘Facekini’ Swimwear Gets a New Porcelain Design   

Just in time for the summer, beachgoers in China are adding the porcelain facekini to their swimwear wardrobe. While wearing face masks, known as facekinis, to the beach is nothing new, the 7th generation Chinese swimsuit staple features blue-and-white porcelain and embroidery. In 2004, designer Zhang Shifan was running a small swimwear shop in the […]

The post China’s Popular ‘Facekini’ Swimwear Gets a New Porcelain Design appeared first on NextShark.


          英國行- 行前功課 part 3 有用的網誌細部資訊   
機場到市區方法 http://www.wretch.cc/blog/dorcas/8329988   倫敦巴士查詢: http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/maps/buses/ Tube: http://www.tfl.gov.uk/gettingaround/1106.aspx 這裏可以查特定區域內的巴士站  http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/maps/buses/busdiagrams.asp; 英國交通篇 http://www.wretch.cc/blog/aquas/14677509   Peak: Monday to Friday from 0630 to 0930 and from 1600 to 1900. How much credit do I need? Sample Tube fares: Zones 1 to 2 Oyster £2.50 peak, £1.90 off-peak Zones 1 to 6 Oyster £4.50 peak, £2.70 off-peak Single bus journey £1.30 Unlimited journeys in one day in zones 1 and 2 £8 peak, £6.60 off-peak Note: These example fares are valid until January 2012 Which Travelcard? Day Anytime – can be used at any time on the day of validity and for any journey that starts before 04:30 the following day. Buy this ticket Day Off-Peak - Can be used from 09:30 Mondays to Fridays, all day Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, on the day(s) of validity and for any journey that starts before 04:30 the following day. Buy this ticket 7 Day - Can be used for 7 days during the period of validity and for any journey that starts before 04:30 on the day following the expiry date. Buy this ticket Adult Zones 1-2 dd/mm/yyyy £28.50 Your Oyster card is topped up every time your pay as you go balance falls below £8 and you make a journey       倫敦必做十件事☞10 Tops Things to Do in LONDON http://www.wretch.cc/blog/wvboni/11438678 ✔ Market - 婆婆媽媽逛市集來挖寶 ✔ Boat Trip - 搭渡輪遊泰晤士河 ✔ See - 衛兵交接擠擠擠 ✔ Royal Park - 皇家公園是野生動物園 ✔ Walk - 漫步泰晤士河畔好浪漫 ✔ Bus Tour - 雙層巴士市區巡禮 ✔ Shop - 哩哩叩叩買好多 ✔ Eat - 新鮮多汁炸魚薯條  ✔Museum - 大英博物館古文物探險 ✔ Gallery - 國家藝廊耍氣質   此人遊記好用! http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/wen-shan/archive?l=f&id=33   大英博物館的官網上有參觀建議 http://www.britishmuseum.org/visiting/planning_your_visit.aspx 時間更多的人可以參考大英博物館的館長 ~ Neil MacGregor 2010年新推出,精選的[100件館藏看世界歷史]計畫 [ A History of the World ~ in 100 objects ] Wiki百科裏面也有這項計畫的介紹與連結 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_History_of_the_World_in_100_Objects 其中的第99項竟然是 [信用卡]   還蠻妙的 科芬園這一帶蠻多店可以逛的 我們去了兩間書店~ Waterstone 和 Stanfords 前者是一般的綜合書店 後者是地圖,旅遊的專門書店  相當讚~ http://www.stanfords.co.uk/Stanfords-London-Store.htm 開店已有超過150年的歷史   倫敦eat 今日午餐: Fire & Stone     牆壁上有世界地圖的裝飾 周一到周四線上預約可享有午餐4.95鎊的優惠 http://www.fireandstone.com/pizza/restaurant/ 午餐有線上 MENU 可以參考   劍橋 其實...如果夏天去劍橋的話... 因為太陽下山的晚...晚上八九天都還亮著... 要是行程不趕...可以選擇搭晚一點的National Express回倫敦... (假設你是當天倫敦劍橋來回) 大概傍晚六七點之後遊客都走的差不多了... 趁這個時候再去看康河...比一大堆遊客的時候漂亮寧靜太多了!!! 劍橋的巷弄也很有古意... (因為個人很喜歡拍風景照勝過於到此一遊照) 所以沒什麼遊客的時候真的很適合靜靜的遊覽... 很慶幸我上次有機會拍到靜靜流過的康河...:P   -- ※ 發信站: 批踢踢實業坊(ptt.cc) ◆ From: 218.171.222.70 推 irenedeai:靜靜的康河很美很美+1                                  06/13 08:29 推 ladyluck: 靜靜的康河很美很美+1 我有一次不小心在傍晚翻進國王學   06/13 09:29 → ladyluck:院裡,就一個人坐在河邊發呆好久,還奇怪怎麼都沒人了...  06/13 09:30 推 appogge:卸卸 我的確是搭乘20:35的coach回倫敦                     06/13 14:00 ※ 編輯: IamSammi        來自: 218.171.226.200      (06/14 21:17) 推 IamSammi:哈哈...我也有翻進國王學院...入口還寫著遊客止步XD       06/14 21:25 → xenopus:有機會來國王學院旁邊的Clare學院,全艦橋最漂亮的河邊�    06/15 07:59 → xenopus:花園!! 人又比國王學院少                                 06/15 08:00 http://ppt.cc/fIzD http://www.thecambridgepuntingcompany.co.uk/   劍橋大學是一個由許多學院(College)組成的大學城,其中比較有名的有國王學院(King’s College)、皇后學院(Queens College)與三一學院(Trinity College),大部份的學院都開放一般民眾參觀,而門口有列出可開放參觀的時間以及進去參觀的場地維護費。不過教大家一招,你可以拿著一個公文紙袋,說你想要申請這個學院,然後想要先看一下這個學院的環境,這樣通常就能免費入場囉!不過記得不要讓人家看出你一副就是觀光客的樣子,不然此法是行不通的。另外,數學橋(Mathematical Bridge)位在皇后學院,是英國首座不用螺絲釘建造的橋樑。   國王學院對面,另外有一家叫做 Fudge Kitchen 的商店,賣的是乳脂軟糖(Fudge:其實是有點像台灣的牛奶糖,不過要比牛奶糖在甜上好幾倍,而且有多種口味可供選擇),在店外就可以聞到陣陣的蕉糖味,而店內則可以觀看師傅們製作 Fudge 的過程。     國王學院旁可以看到國王學院私有的祈禱室↑以及在祈禱室對街的偉大聖瑪莉教堂 (Great St.Mary Church) →,此教堂是週遭最高的一座建築物,進入教堂參觀是不用錢的,另外你可以花兩英磅到教堂的頂端去欣賞週遭的美景...   往河的西邊去,會看到一片名為 The Backs 的叢林 → 再像北走一點便會看到河的對岸有號稱劍橋眾多學院中 規模最大、財力最雄厚、名聲最響亮的學院 從三一學院畢業的名人有牛頓、培根…等人,目前在其校區內也都設有這些著名畢業生的銅像 (英國查理王子也畢業於此,但他年繼還小還沒輪到他蓋銅像) 在康河邊有時會看到不少的水鴉,他們會從河中跳上岸邊,當然也會再岸邊大小便,因此請大家選位子時一定要慎選,或是帶個野餐巾墊著比較保險。   劍橋原為康河 (River Cam)沼澤區旁的一座小市場,其前身起源於牛津大學在 1209 A.D.發生暴動,三名學生被吊死後,一些學者逃難到劍橋,在當時的英王亨利三世的庇佑下,於1233 A.D.建立正式學術組織,而在 1284 A.D. 成立劍橋大學第一個學院 ~ 「彼得學院」。         劍橋大學至今約有800年歷史,歷年來各學院陸續成立,學生也自四面八方湧入,在學術方面始終是世界領先的大學之一。科學和工業是劍橋最引以為傲之學術,因劍橋以英國最高學府的大學城聞名於世,所以「劍橋」久而久之便成了劍橋大學的代名詞。截至目前為止已誕生87位諾貝爾獎得主,根據2010年QS排名,建橋大學全球排名第1,因此傑出人才自不在話下。長久以來與牛津大學合稱為「牛劍」,這兩所大學在文化及現實上的協作已成為英國社會史的一部份。  《QS (Quality Safety) 世界大學排名》~ 2004~2009所依據的權重如下:         ‧學界互評分數(40%)         ‧企業僱主評分(10%)         ‧國際師資分數(  5%)         ‧國際學生分數(  5%)         ‧單位師資論文引用率分數(20%)         劍橋大學是所「書院聯邦制」大學,主要由中央行政機構、科系和學院三個部份組成。科系負責向學生提供課程、組織講座,在監委會監督下進行研究和教學工作,而每個科系的學者們均來自不同的學院。由31所自治獨立的學院組成,其中最古老的學院為「彼得學院(Peterhouse, Cambridge)~ 1284 A.D.」,同時也是最小的一個學院;成立最晚的為「羅賓森學院(Robinson College, Cambridge)~ 1977A.D.」,每個學院擁有獨立的資產及資金來源。31所學院中除了3所學院只收女生外:露西‧卡文迪什學院、新大廳學院和紐姆學院,其餘男女皆收。而其中有4所只收研究生:卡淶爾大廳學院、達爾文學院(Darwin College, Cambridge)、沃爾森學院(Wolfson College, Cambridge)和聖埃德蒙學院(St Edmund's College, Cambridge)。   第四站 ~聖約翰學院「嘆息橋 Bridge of Sigh」 嘆息橋 (Bridge of Sigh) 的名字是19世紀時,由英國詩人---「風騷的浪漫主義文學泰斗」~ 拜倫勛爵所取的,是威尼斯多座建於16世紀的橋樑之一,完工於1600A.D.。造型屬於早期巴洛克式風格,封閉式的拱橋由石灰岩鑄成,呈房屋狀,上部穹隆覆蓋,封閉得很嚴實,只有向運河一側的石樑上開有兩個小窗。嘆息橋橫跨在Rio di Palazzo河上,連接威尼斯公爵府的審訊室和老監獄,是由Antoni Contino設計的,他的叔叔Antonio da Ponte是里亞斯托橋的設計者。囚犯們在義大利威尼斯總督府接受審判被宣判後,從總督府經由嘆亞橋走向死牢,他們面臨的將是永別俗世,嘆息橋有如隔絕生死兩世,所以從密不透氣的嘆息橋走過時,從橋上的窗口望出最後一眼美麗的威尼斯,不禁一聲長嘆。 聖約翰大學是劍橋大學第二大學院,建於1511.04.09 A.D.。它的前身可追溯到13世紀的聖約翰醫院,醫院於16世紀初時已殘破不堪,因此當時由羅切斯特主教「聖約翰·費舍爾」提出改建醫院建造學院的想法,得到英格蘭國王「亨利八世」和主教「尤利烏斯二世」的批准,伊利主教也同意將這做宗教醫院改建轉變為一所學院,建校經費則源自王太后~亨利七世的母親「瑪格麗特‧博福特(Margaret Beaufort)」女士之遺產。         在院的建築十分宏偉壯觀,學院還擁有5個庭院,其中以1589 A.D.始建的第二庭院最為聞名,被譽為是英格蘭最漂亮的「都鐸式庭院」。傳說中這裡也是17世紀英格蘭與法國簽署和平條約的地方,也促成了查爾斯一世與他的法國王后的聯姻。學院的門樓每天黃昏的時候關閉,將學院和外界隔離。   《Tudor都鐸式》        都鐸式建築原指中世紀英國哥德式建築樣式末期發展出來的歌德建築,其特徵是圓拱尖端為四新圓拱的小尖拱,構造上面為半木構造形式,以及出挑的拱形天花構造等等….,在細部上面以受到隨後的義大利文藝復興樣式的影響,使用陶燒(Teracotta)等材質的文藝復興樣式的裝飾。 http://www.ad.ntust.edu.tw/grad/think/93talksay/allfiles/M9213102M9313102/ 威尼斯嘆息橋 ~        嘆息橋有如隔絕生死兩世,從密不透氣的嘆息橋走過時,從橋上的窗口望出最後一眼美麗的威尼斯,不禁一聲長嘆。         威尼斯的嘆息橋成名後,被世界各地所仿造,並且同樣被命名為「嘆息橋」,其中包括: ·    英國倫敦泰晤士河上的滑鐵盧橋(英語:Waterloo Bridge),有時也稱作嘆息橋 ·    英國牛津大學內的嘆息橋 ·    英國劍橋大學聖約翰學院內的嘆息橋 ·    德國法蘭克福老市政廳北翼的嘆息橋 ·    美國阿利根尼縣法院連接監獄的嘆息橋         沿著聖約翰學院參觀路線,經過正門、前庭、禮拜堂、中庭後,來到康河河畔,可見聖約翰學院有兩座橋橫跨於康河上,一座為Wren橋,另一座則為著名的嘆息橋(Bridge of Sigh)。       "Bridge of Sighs"(嘆息橋)之所以取名為此,是因為該橋曾是連接學生宿舍和期末考場的必經之路,每到要參加考試之時,學生往往嘆息不止,忐忑不安的經過此橋走向考場。其中的心情,箇中資味是否如威尼斯之嘆息橋般呢?由此可見劍橋學生們的幽默。   劍橋康河第一站 ~ 皇后學院       皇后學院 (Queens' College, Cambridge)由瑪嘉烈‧安茹(亨利六世皇后)於1448 A.D.建立,又於1465 A.D.由伊莉莎白·伍德維爾(愛德華四世皇后)再次建立。  數學橋 (Mathematical Bridge)是一條跨越康河,把皇后學院在康河兩岸的校園接駁起來的一座小橋,數學橋連接了學院早期建築(被學生們稱作黑暗面)和近期的建築(被學生們稱作光明面),是劍橋大學著名的觀光景點之一。數學橋是它的非官方名字,它的官方名字只是「木橋」而已。數學橋是由威廉‧埃瑟里奇(William Etheridge)設計,並在1749 A.D. 由詹姆斯‧艾塞克斯(James Essex)興建,並在1866 A.D. 和1905 A.D. 重建,但是原本的設計並沒有改變。         數學橋的設計來源有幾個說法: 橋是由中國設計的。設計中利用了一些特別的數學方程式,因以得到數學橋的名字。 橋是由一班學生設計的。橋的設計(重量和角道數)非常精密,連一口釘也沒有用上。一位教授看到橋以後嘆為觀止,並想把橋拆下,以便了解橋的設計。但是,教授把橋拆下後,沒有辦法利用原本的設計把橋重建起來。所以,教授就利用釘把橋重建起來。 橋是由牛頓設計和建成的。和第二個傳說一樣,他的設計也沒有用上一口釘。             這些故事只是傳說,事實上該橋由威廉·瑟里奇(1709年—1776年)設計,並由詹姆斯·埃塞克斯(1722年—1784年)建造,於1749年完工(在牛頓逝世後的22年)。以前的學生或院士試圖將該橋拆除,並重新組裝,但他們最終還是失敗了,只好用螺母和螺栓重新把橋固定。這就是我們看到如今的數學橋有螺母和螺栓的原因。該橋因為年代久遠於1866年被翻修,並於1905年被重新建造。重建的數學橋基本依照原有的設計,但採用柚木而不是橡木作為原料,橋上的階梯也改為光滑的橋面為方便輪椅的通行。   劍橋 康河第二站 ~ 國王學院 ( King's College) 國王學院在亨利六世鼎力相助下始建於1441 A.D.。其原設計概念是節儉的,但從1445年起學院的建造目的轉變為「彰顯王室的地位」,  建造過程中學院建築體逐漸佔據劍橋市中心的大部分地區,使得很多街道被迫關閉,因此現今呈現於我們面前之國王學院,其規模才如此的宏偉。         國王學院於1443 A.D. 開始學院採取了一個更加宏大的計劃。學院創始人~ 「威爾」於1448 A.D. 詳細的描述了該計劃要建造一座宏偉的庭院,並在庭院的一側建造一座禮拜堂。但十年後,《玫瑰戰爭》開始,「亨利六世」面臨財政危機,而此時禮拜堂的東側建造了60英尺,而西側之建造了8英尺。建築工程直至1508 A.D. 「亨利七世」獲勝結束戰爭而繼續開始建造禮拜堂的屋頂。禮拜堂內部的建造直至1544 A.D. 在「亨利八世」的幫助下才完工。   抵達市集後,去尋找民宿老闆推薦的店,招牌上面是一個獨眼龍的海盜標誌,而賣的東西是什麼呢?是包餡的牛角麵包,有許多餡料可以選擇,有雞肉、咖哩…等。來到劍橋(Cambridge)有一件事情必做,那就是搭撐船(篙),市集附近就有人會拉遊客去坐撐船(篙),原本開的價格比較高,但看我們感覺有點遲疑,就自動降價給我們,約£11/人(英鎊)左右,那艘船一共可以坐約9~12人左右,到了搭船地點才發現這邊的船有兩種,一種是自己包船自己撐,另一種就是我們所搭乘的船,有人幫我們撐 藝術的倫敦,免費遊! - 2008-07-13, 20:16 http://www.wretch.cc/blog/taiwanarzt/12065456 (精彩照片,懇請移駕部落格) 這是倫敦的夜晚。從Tate Modern望出去,所看到的泰唔士河、千禧年橋以及1981年查爾斯王子和黛安娜王妃結婚的聖保羅大教堂。在昂貴的倫敦,這樣美麗的夜景,竟然不用花錢進入特別的觀景台,就能享受得到! 事實上,倫敦在食宿如此昂貴的情況,還可以吸引背包客的興趣和注目,就是因為倫敦有太多免費且是世界級的景點和活動!如果是喜好美術館和博物館的朋友,到了倫敦更是如獲至寶!因為最精采的美術館和博物館,全都是免費入場的!不論是可以看到很多國中高中時,美術課本名畫的國立美術館(The National Gallery )、現代藝術極致表現的Tate Modern、尊爵不凡的大英博物館(British Museum)、還是擁有小朋友最喜歡的恐龍的自然史博物館(Natural History Museum)全都不用付一毛錢,就能進入。以下分別介紹如下。 一、 國立美術館(The National Gallery) 還未走出Charing Cross地鐵站,就能感受到濃郁的藝術氣息(如下圖)。 坐落在Trafalgar廣場旁的國立美術館,收藏從文藝復興到二十世紀初期的重要歐洲畫作。包括提香、莫內、梵谷、秀拉等等幾乎所有西洋藝術史上,叫得出名字的歐洲大師,這裡都有收藏他們的畫作。親眼看到這些大師的畫作,對我造成相當大的震撼。因為同一副畫,由近到遠,或是從不同的角度觀看,竟然會有不同的視覺效果。這些大師的精神和藝術能量,穿越了時空,透過他的畫深深地撼動著我。這樣的感動,不是由網路搜尋出來的圖檔,或是印刷出來的複製品可以感受到的。由於國立美術館收藏品很多,就算走馬看花也要一天的時間才能逛完。因此,建議大家能夠撥出一整天的時間,好好地品味大師的畫作。 此外,Trafalgar廣場上常常有不定期的露天藝術表演(特別是周末)。而且完全不是普通的街頭藝人,而是由非常頂尖的表演團體進行演出,非常地精采!下面這張照片,就是從國立美術館所看到的Trafalgar廣場上的藝術表演和聳立在遠方,倫敦最著名的大笨鐘。 最近的地鐵站:Charing Cross Station  二、 Tate Modern 從查爾斯王子和黛安娜王妃成婚的聖保羅大教堂,往泰唔士河的方向走,就會看到通往Tate Modern的千禧年橋(如下圖)。 儘管改建於發電廠的Tate Modern在西元2000年才開幕,但不到十年,就已經成為倫敦不可錯過的重要景點。在Tate Modern中,展示著二十世紀以後的現代藝術。本身就極具現代感的室內空間,完全與展示品融為一體。譬如像是下方照片所呈現出的簡潔的巨大挑高空間,竟然是Tate Modern的出入口之一。 雖然年紀尚輕,但Tate Modern已有豐富的館藏。仔細欣賞也大約需花一天的時間。此外,從Tate Modern所望出的倫敦夜景更是美麗非凡!因此建議大家,在閉館時間延長至22:00的星期五和星期六前往。(其他時間僅開放到18:00) 最近的地鐵站:建議可從St. Paul’s地鐵站,經過聖保羅大教堂後,沿千禧年橋,跨過泰唔士河抵達。沿途的景色非常棒! 三、 大英博物館(British Museum) 成立於1759年的大英博物館,威名遠播,從古樸的前門入口進入後,竟來到如此現代感的開放空間(如下圖)。 大英博物館的尊爵不凡,從其平面圖就可窺探。因為,大英博物館的分區竟然是分成:非洲、希臘與羅馬、西亞、埃及、美洲、中國與南亞和東南亞、伊斯蘭文明等等。這代表大英博物館的展示品貨真價實的囊括了世界各大洲的主要文明。其包括希臘巴特儂神廟的重要浮雕、埃及的各種神像和木乃伊等等。展出的多元性,讓每個人都可以在大英博物館找到自己有興趣的展示。 由於館藏非常豐富,走馬看花也需要整整一天的時間。看到許多旅行團,都只能匆匆來去,不禁感到十分可惜。 而在大英博物館中,亞洲人最不感興趣的「中國、南亞和東南亞展場」,反而是最吸引我的地方。因為,我在這邊看到了一尊出土於印度的佛像,其西洋人的外表,對看慣東方佛像的我來說,感到十分的新奇。事實上,對於佛教有興趣的朋友,千萬別錯過大英博物館二樓最北側的「中國、南亞和東南亞展場」(China、South Asia、South-East Asia)。裡面收藏了非常多來自印度、中國等世界各地的莊嚴佛像和如舍利塔等佛教相關的藝術品,非常值得一看! 四、 自然史博物館(Natural History Museum) 1880年從大英博物館獨立出來的自然史博物館,或許是大部分背包客最少前往的博物館。宛如大教堂的外觀,裡面竟然珍藏著四億種世界各地的動植物標本。其中,當然包括小朋友最愛的恐龍了! 自然史博物館博物館的恐龍展區,受歡迎的程度甚至到了需要將入場人數分批控管的地步。裡面恐龍的標本,可不是我們的自然科學博物館可以比擬的。即使對自然科學沒有多大興趣的朋友,都十分建議撥冗半天參觀自然史博物館的恐龍區。 最後,幾乎所有博物館漢美術館都只有1/1和12/24~26日的聖誕假期休館,可說是幾乎一整年都全年無休。更好的是,每星期還會有一兩天延遲閉館時間。建議大家如果起床起得晚,可以利用延遲閉館的時候,前往參觀。 延遲閉館的時間如下: ★國立美術館:每日10:00~18:00。每星期三延遲至21:00閉館 ★Tate Modern:每日10:00~18:00。每星期五、六延遲至22:00閉館。(一定要利用延遲閉館日,到Tate Modern欣賞美麗的倫敦夜景喔!) ★大英博物館:每日10:00~17:30。每星期四、五部分區域延遲至20:30閉館。 ★自然史博物館:星期一~星期六:10:00~17:50 / 周日、假日:11:00~17:50。無延遲閉館日。 從這篇文章可看得出來,即使是走馬看花,要遍覽這四大美術館和博物館,就已經要花掉三天半的時間。倫敦的豐富、多元和多采多姿,可由此得知。     National Gallery http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/explore-the-paintings/30-highlight-paintings/   Edinburgh 男主角和女主角跟最後男主角和女兒登上的那座山峰 真的是在愛丁堡 Holyrood Park 亞瑟王的寶座Arthur' s seat 在皇宮的旁邊 沿著皇家哩大道到底就是 One day scene : high street, Parliament square, Warriston’s close and the kitchens of Telford College. 亞瑟王寶座位於皇宮旁邊,或者該說皇宮位於亞瑟王寶座的山腳。若想去踏青可以   沿著皇家哩大道直走到底,便可以看到皇宮旁的大片公園,通往山頂的步道就在公   園裡頭。由於這公園本身就是愛丁堡人踏青旅遊的地方,所以有非常多條步道,記   得看地圖選擇喜歡的步道前進。   愛丁古堡是蘇格蘭的精神象徵,愛丁堡市的徽章上就有愛丁古堡的圖像。位於愛丁堡市的心臟地帶,建立於一座長達三億四千萬年前的死火山岩頂上,從市中心各角落都可看到。海拔120米,從上面可以俯瞰愛丁堡全城的景色。人類在該地區的活動可以追溯到公元前9世紀的銅器時代,七世紀溫伯瑞亞的「愛德溫國王」曾進行大規模整建。雖然堡壘固若金湯,但總免不了在歷史的進程中遭到戰火毀壞,愛丁古堡的建築體在16世紀的「長期圍城」(Lang Siege)事件中一部份被毀,但也有少數建築挺過這次圍城,其中最著名的便是建造於12世紀早期的「聖瑪格麗特禮拜堂」。愛丁古堡於1371 A.D. 蘇格蘭國王「大衛二世」修復後才呈現今日風貌。         愛丁古堡自17世紀起成為軍事基地,目前歸屬於蘇格蘭文物局(Historic Scotland),仍有軍隊駐紮在城堡上。城堡的大多數城堡目前對公眾開放,其內的一些建築也允許遊客參觀。它是蘇格蘭最受歡迎的旅遊景點之一,每年能迎接從世界各地前來的超過120萬名遊客。城堡內有軍事博物館,內陳列有各類實物,並記述有蘇格蘭、英國及歐洲的軍事歷史。 愛丁古堡簡介       古堡內可分為:城堡大道、下(The Lower Ward)、中(Middle Ward) 、上城(The Upper Ward) 及國王廣場 (Crown Squzre) 五大主要部份。 Ⅰ~ 城堡大道 (Esplanade):每年愛丁堡 tattoo 表演處        1.大門 (Gate House):建於1866 A.D.的守衛室及大門,裝飾作用大於實際功效。   Ⅱ~ 下城 (The Lower Ward)        2.舊警衛室 (Old Guardhouse)        3.內城牆 (Inner Barrier)        4.吊閘門 (Portcullis Gate):進入城堡區的正式大門,有內門、外門及閘門三道。        5.捷徑階 (Lang Stairs):70級階梯提供上、中防衛區最短的連接捷徑。   Ⅲ ~ 中城 (Middle Ward)        6.阿吉爾砲台 (Argyle Battery):又稱作六砲台,大砲皆為19世紀拿破侖戰爭時所鑄造。        7.大車庫 (Cartshed):古時停放50 輛大車之車庫,現改為遊客餐廳。附近還有軍火庫及軍醫院景點。        8.總督府(Govemor's House):建於18世紀之總督府目前並未開放參觀,現今為舉辦特殊皇室儀式時才使用。        9.兵營 (New Barracks):提供士兵充份休息處,至今仍為軍事用途並不對外開放參觀。       10.福格之門 (Foog's Gate)   Ⅳ ~ 上城 (The Upper Ward)       11.瑪格麗特禮拜堂 (St. Margare's Chapel):建於12世紀初,為古堡內歷史最悠久之建物。16世紀初時曾為彈藥庫,於1845 A.D. 才改回禮拜堂樣貌。教堂裡有本11世紀的福音書,教堂外為中古世紀存留下來之「蒙斯梅格砲」(Mons Meg),為1449 A.D.於比利時製造,重6噸,所發射之砲彈每顆約為1500 kgw,因為砲體笨重,在蘇格蘭對英格蘭之戰役後自此退役,之後閒置於城堡地窖內。       12.狗墓園 (Dog Cemetery):埋葬許多皇室成員及軍官的寵物狗及軍隊的吉祥動物~鹿。       13.阿吉爾塔       14.福威爾砲台 (Forewall Battery)       15.半月砲台 (Half-Moon Battery):防守最脆弱的城堡東側,陳列了「七姐妹」 ~ 7座16世紀的大砲。       Ⅴ ~  國王廣場 (Crown Square)         16.皇宮 (Royal Palace):16世紀蘇格蘭的瑪麗女王在頂樓的女王臥室產下詹姆士六世。二樓為展示皇室的王冠、寶座之處。         17.大廳 (Great Hall):1639 A.D. 以前都是蘇格蘭國會開會之處,一直以來都是皇室舉行重要儀式場所。大廳內最引人注目之處為16世紀的木樑屋頂,每根柱角都有人物或動物的面具裝飾,每根柱子均繪以精美的幾何畫作裝飾。除了屋頂的雕樑畫棟外,四周的牆壁也以金光閃閃的劍器加以裝點。         18.安女王建築 (Queen Anne Building):建於1708 A.D. 原為軍人休息處所。         19.蘇格蘭國家紀念戰爭館 (Scottish National War Memorial):1927.07.14 開幕的蘇格蘭國家戰爭紀念館是為了紀念第一次、第二次世界大戰中身亡的蘇格蘭士兵,紀念館大門前的四尊雕像分別代表勇氣、和平、正義與仁慈。         20.城堡地窖 (Castle Vaults):國王廣場的正下方就是城堡地窖,這裡以往是做為戰俘牢房、儲藏室、市民監獄等之用,現今牆上仍留有囚犯的註記。       Glasgow   Gallery of modern art: Admission free Opening hours: Monday to Wednesday and Saturday -10 am to 5 pm, Thursday -10 am to 8pm, Friday and Sunday – 11am to 5pm.   Glasgow Cathedral Galsgow University 人民宮殿 People’s Palace   the Hunterian Art Gallery http://www.hunterian.gla.ac.uk/visit/notices/ 湖區 由以火車站為據點的市區走到Bowness Pier大約15分鐘  抵達Bowness之後, 店家多了起來 在Bowness Pier有好幾條遊湖路線可以選擇 分別行使Ambleside、Lakeside與Bowness之間 前往Lakeside的還可以搭配蒸汽火車(Steam Railway)買套票 除此之外, 夏天有推出晚間渡輪...有些有供應自助餐, 有些是搭配BBQ 還有特別的夕陽渡輪...就是繞整個湖直到夕陽落下 為了能夠在有限的時間內看看其他的湖及山上的風景 回程的時候跑到High Street上的Lake Hotel訂了SuperTours的One Day Tour 我們是參加Tour A, 28鎊/人 詳細的行程跟價格請參考Lakes SuperTours網站 還有另外一家就在Lake Hotel附近叫作 Mountain Goat 有需要的可以比較看看 回來之後, 因為這一天都沒有走太多路, 天氣又很好 我們決定步行到Bowness Pier搭船賞夕陽 不過船上真的很冷...尤其是太陽漸漸落下的時候 要多穿點衣服才不會冷的發抖 夕陽渡輪八點半出發...大概十點天才漸漸黑 我們將近十一點才慢慢步行回B&B...一路上真的很安全, 是個好地方! 最後一天我們打算去划船 那邊的Self Drives有分成兩種, 一種是Motor Boat, 就是有引擎的船 另外一種就是得要自己划的Rowing Boat 為了得到更多樂趣....我們決定玩需要比較多勞力的Rowing Boat 因為Windermere湖很大...那天風不小, 浪很大 Rowing Boat變的超級刺激....跟我想像的湖裡悠哉划船完全不一樣 不過還是很好玩!!! 來湖區當然不能忘記看看彼得兔 這裡是彼得兔的誕生地....有作者波特小姐的博物館 幾乎每個孩子人手一隻彼得兔玩偶 如果想要深度的了解波特小姐在湖區的行蹤, 還有專門的Day Tour可以參加 湖區的玩法還有很多種 可以坐Bus, 可以租腳踏車 我們選了一個輕鬆的玩法 不過我相信不管怎麼玩 只要帶著好心情來, 就不會失望的回去 有關湖上活動資訊可以參考Windermere Lake Cruises 最新票價資訊都在這裡都找的到 利物浦 Liverpool http://celestechien.pixnet.net/blog/post/26257359 利物浦必做10件事
          Account Executive- Technology Solutions ( Boston, MA) - (Boston)   
Judge Group Job Order ID: #156Account Executive - Judge Technology Solutions JOB DESCRIPTION Judge Technology Solutions - A Global Provider of Technology and Consulting and Staffing Solutions The Judge Group is looking for experienced, competitive, and self-motivated Account Executives to join our growing team across North America. With over 45 years of experience, we provide world-class technology, talent and learning solutions to Fortune 1000 companies across the US, Canada and China. Our Account Executives provide talent acquisition solutions in the areas of technology and healthcare meeting the growing demands of hiring executives across our portfolio of clients.
          Re: Damian Snow's Pawn Shop   

Alright everybody, I apologize that there hasn't been any new weapons for the past few weeks, mostly because I've been forgetting, too lazy, or playing video games. Now before I announce the weapons/items, I would like to propose an idea. The idea being I would do this every other week and the week I did it would be a double feature. Also I would like to propose the idea of you guys choosing the era, or country that I find my weapons for a one month feature of that time period/country. Let me know what you think.....Anyways this week's weapons/items are a qaudruple feature.

The first one is........the Naginata!!!

 

 

This bad boy is very similar to the Chinese Guan Dao, the only difference's being the spike on the blade and the length of the weapon. The blade is constructed in the same manner as a regular samurai sword and is 12-24'' long. The shaft has a guard on it similar to that of a guard on a sword, it can be between 4-8' long. Now it is uncertain when Naginata appeared but historian's believe it was around 1146, it was most commonly wielded by samurai or monks, also known as sohei.

Next up is............the Grappling Hook!!

 

These things are classics when it come to any type of entertainment, but they are also good weapons too. They were first used in naval warfare, in order to catch ship rigging. They can be used for many different uses, but the most common use these days are for getting up to high buildings. A factory made grappling hook can have up to six barbs on it, with each one having a serrated edge for more gripping power. That same edge can be a deadly weapon if wielded correctly, add a spike in the middle and you got a nasty weapon.

The next one is...............the Sai!!!!

 

This weapon may be familiar if you know some certain green ninja's. Before they came to Japan they were being used in India, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Some evidence suggests that an Indonesian martial art known as "chabang" predates the use of the weapon in Japan and China. These weapons are used for blocking, parries, strikes, and disarmament and are generally used in pairs. In ancient times they where used by domestic police to arrest criminals and for crowd control. The tips are generally blunt, not sharp as some would believe.

The final item for today is............the Trident!!!!!

 

These guys are known mostly because of of Poseidon and Aquaman, but they also make great weapons, and surprisingly....fishing gear. In Ancient Rome they were used by gladiator's in tandem with a net so as to trap the prey and stab them to death. They generally stand about 6' high with the barbs being either straight points or the barbs having an arrow head-shaped point. For fishing they are used in the Southern and Midwestern United States in order to catch "suckers, bullfrogs, flounder, and many species of rough fish". This process is called "gigging".

 

Well that's it for this week, sorry about the wait.......Enjoy!!!! 


          Re: Damian Snow's Pawn Shop   

Alrighty people so because of what was going on last week I decided to not post something in hopes that it would work itself out, obviously it took longer than expected but everything did work out in the end. So because I missed last week, that means that this week is double-header!!!

First up is the item in honor of our celebration.......Fireworks!!!!!!

As most people know Fireworks have been around for a long time, in fact they've been around since the 7th Century. They were invented in China and is a part of their culture even now, back then they were used mainly for festivities like marriages, big parties, Chinese New Year, Mid-Autumn Festival, etc....Also pyrotechnicians were respected for their knowledge of the complex techniques needed to mount fireworks.

 

That's it for the first one, now on to the second...

This one I've been planning to do for a while, this one is in honor of Assassins Creed 3 because its due to come out in three days, its.......the Tomahawk!!!!!

 

Now we don't know how long Tomahawks have been around because there was no written language for the Native American's (side note: I know I a lot of you grew up saying Indians, don't its rude. Just thought I'd mention it). What we do know is that it was an all purpose tool used by the Native Americans and was used in mainly hand-to-hand combat or as a thrown weapon when needed. Tomahawks look similar to the African Nzappa zap, which is this...

But Tomahawks did not always have an axe on the tip, nor were they always made of steel. In the early days tomahawks were mainly "fitted with heads of bladed or rounded stone or deer antler". They could also be carved out with a wooden head that looked more like a doorknob. Tomahawks would later be made with steel when white people settled in the area and started trading with the Native Americans. The shafts were mainly 2 ft. in length and made from either hickory, ash, or maple. Sometimes the shaft also had a pipe bowl in it for use in smoking tobacco. 

Also here's what Tomahawks look like today.....

That's it for this week, Enjoy!


          China quake death toll surges past 1,900   
Five days after the devastating earthquake in northwestern China, rescuers on Monday pulled out a four-year-old girl and an elderly Tibetan woman aliv...
          Apple и China UnionPay обеспечат работу Apple Pay в Китае   
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          China unveils first domestically-built bullet train    

The first high-speed train designed and manufactured entirely in China debuted on the Beijing-Shanghai line on Monday. It boasts a top speed of 400 kilometers per hour (kph).
The high-speed train is called ‘Fuxing’ which means 'rejuvenation.' There are currently two models, CR400AF and CR400BF, operated by China Railway Corporation.


A CR400AF model departed from Beijing South Railway Station at 11:05 am local time for Shanghai. At the same time, a CR400BF model left Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station for Beijing.
The trains will run at a steady 350 kph meaning it takes three and a half hours to travel between Shanghai and Beijing. Currently, the travel time between the two cities by rail is around five hours.
The Beijing-Shanghai railway line is China's busiest, used by more than 50,000 passengers daily.


The Fuxing train has a sophisticated monitoring system which checks its performance in real time and automatically slows the train in case of emergencies or abnormal conditions.
The bullet trains provide free Wi-Fi and more legroom in all carriages.
According to Lu Dongfu, the general manager of the China Railway Corporation, the new train models were developed according to China's railway standards and technologies.

Beijing plans to export Fuxing trains to foreign countries, including Russia.
A senior researcher with the Chinese high-speed rail program, Jia Limin told China Daily the Fuxing Bullet Trains would operate on the Chinese network as well as on the Moscow-Kazan high-speed rail line in Russia.

https://www.rt.com/business/394130-china-debuts-bullet-train/




          El Primer Tren Ligero Electrico de Supercondensadores del Mundo SIN RIELES- China   
380 pasajeros de capacidad

70KMH de Velocidad









INTRODUCTION

How does China solve the country’s prevalent public transportation problems? By unveiling the world’s first autonomous train transit system that runs on a virtual track.
In this video we will know about China’s New Autonomous Train that Doesn’t Even Need Rails for its truck.

CHINA’S AUTONOMOUS TRAIN TRANSIT

The world’s first rail less train was revealed last week in Zhuzhou in central China’s Hunan province. China’s state-owned enterprise called CRRC began developing the Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit back in 2013, to provide a solution to the country’s transportation problems in congested urban areas.

The Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit in short ART is some kind of cross between a train and a bus or tram. The ART runs on roads like a bus, but only on designated paths like a tram. It's modular like a train, and carriages can be added or removed to accommodate different numbers of people. Each carriage can fit about 100 passengers.

ENVIRONMENT FRENDLY VEHICLE


It is considered to be a cheaper alternative to other commute networks as well as being sustainable and environmentally friendly. With a cross appearance between a bus and a train, the autonomous train is composed of three carriages and spans 30 meters long.

It’s part of the intelligent rail express system by CRRC, which operates on rubber tires as opposed to traditional rail tracks. Means, it runs on rubber tires and has sensors to read the dimensions of the road and plan its route.

A pair of dashed white painted lines acts as virtual tracks which the autonomous train follows. The idea is that the 'smart train' could travel without a driver or rails.

CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY 

This ART system can be driven up to a maximum speed of 70 km/h and can carry up to 300 passengers in three carriages at a time. Providing a new and smart method for solving urban transport pressures, the autonomous vehicle is powered by electricity, which can journey to a distance 40 km when fully charged. It uses a lithium titanate battery and can embark on a substantial journey with only 10 minutes of charging.

Equipped with sensors, the autonomous train can process and analyze road dimensions then plan its own course. Very much like a bus-train hybrid vehicle running on a virtual track. CRRC can also add more carriages to the transit system in order to increase the passenger capacity. Moreover, the newly developed ART system can be integrated fairly easily into existing road infrastructures as it doesn’t require heavy construction works compared to rail track systems.

COST SAVING EFFORTS

In general, most medium-sized and smaller cities in China doesn’t have the budget to build expensive subway systems, or most of the time, they take too long to build.
According to Xinhua, it costs up to $102 dollar to build a kilometer of a subway track, as compared to about $2 million for a standard length ART bus.
So, this solution proves to be ideal because of its multiple advantages over conditional transit systems. It’s cheap, sustainable, and is able to transport a large volume of people in a fast and reliable manner.

PLANNING

The current ART system is still in its prototype stage and is driven manually by a human driver. However, the Zhuzhou city government in the Hunan province is expected to build a 6.5-kilometer ART line throughout its downtown. Operations of the autonomous train within the city will begin in 2018.








          New high-speed railway along ancient Silk Road to open    
A high-speed railway linking Baoji and Lanzhou in northwest China is about to open in July. It's a key part of China's high-speed rail network and connects 2 other routes along the ancient Silk Road.


          Africa - China (Belt and Road Initiative); East Africa Master Plan Connection "SGRLaunch"   
In this instalment of our series on Kenya's new railway, we get to meet another Chinese witness to the SGR construction, Sun Liqiang. In less than three years, Sun and his team built the 480-kilometre railway project from scratch. Sun said the Chinese built Mombasa-Nairobi SGR will last for more than a century.


          Ruta de la Seda; New passenger train leaves Xinjiang for Kazakhstan    
A 198-seat passenger train left northwest China's Xinjiang to Astana, capital of Kazakhstan, on Thursday. It's the 2nd of its kind between the two countries.


          China launches another direct rail freight service to Europe - China's Jiangxi Province, Russia and Kyrgyzstan.   


          Africa - China (Belt and Road Initiative); #SGRLaunch: A new chapter of China-Africa cooperation (Madaraka Express)   
Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta is on the maiden voyage of the Madaraka Express. China officially handed over the Standard Gauge Railway to Kenya at a special ceremony. High-level Kenyan and Chinese dignitaries have praised the project as a sign of deepening relations between the two countries. The SGR is the biggest infrastructure project in Kenya since independence. It runs over 4-hundred and 72-kilometres between the port of Mombasa and the capital, Nairobi. The railway will reduce the travel time from 10 hours to less than five. The name - Madaraka Express -translates as independence, freedom or liberty. Chinese and Kenyan leaders have lauded the project, which is one of the first outcomes of the ambitious Belt and Road Intitiative.


One of the stops along the route is Mtito Andei. It's the nearest station to the Tsavo National Park. President Kenyatta is expected to stop here on the inaugural journey later on Wednesday. Kathryn Omwandho reports.


Kenya's standard gauge rail line is an ambitious project, that has taken five years to build. The SGR is Built and funded by China, and the rail line is part of China's bridge and road initiative CTGN's Robert Nagila went to the streets of Nairobi to find out what Kenyans think of this mega project


Kenya is about to witness its first modern railway. The Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway, or SGR, will massively boost the country's economic growth, and possibly the whole of East Africa. The railway, which is built according to Chinese standards, is another great example of China-Africa cooperation. Here is more on that story


The train is not just a milestone for Kenyan construction, but for gender equality too. Eight women were selected to go to China to learn how to drive the SGR. Four of them will be driving the inaugural train. CGTN's Maria Galang met one of these extraordinary ladies.


There's a lot of excitement in Nairobi since in a matter of hours, the new SGR train will be arriving in the Kenyan capital. CGTN's Kane Kiyo is at the Nairobi Terminal to share the excitement.


As the Kenyan President officially launches the first phase of the new Standard Gauge Railway, Kenyans say the new raiway will not only improve lives but make it easier to do business.


On the vast African savannah, a steel dragon crawls through the terrain. It is part of the East African Master Plan - the Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway. By introducing Chinese standards, technology, equipment and management to this fast-growing continent, Chinese builders are also bringing hope and love to the people. Today we will visit Maasai Primary School near the Nairobi South station, and listen to their story


Local manufacturers in Kenya have been major beneficiaries of the just launched Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway. Already, 40% sourcing of materials was dedicated to the local market, generating inflows of about 95 million dollars. Now that Kenya's first modern railway is complete, local players are still set to win big. Earlier on, I had a chat with the CEO of Kenya's manufacturers association, Phyllis Wakiaga, about the benefits of this project to the country's manufacturing sector


It is clear that East Africa is a natural extension of the Maritime Silk Road. During the Ming Dynasty, four of the famous admiral Zheng He's seven expeditions reached the east coast of Africa, where they promoted friendship between China and the continent. The Chinese-built Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway had to pass through Tsavo, an important wildlife reserve in Kenya. In this episode, we will see how the Kenyans and the Chinese worked together to guarantee that the project was completed successfully without affecting the local wildlife.


And ordinary kenyans who were lucky to experience the maiden trip have been speaking out as well


          Africa - China (Belt and Road Initiative); Comparing Kenya's old Railway to the new modern SGR    
As Kenya moves into the era of modern transport with the new Mega Railway soon to be launched, we take a look back at the century old railway system and what the future holds with the new one.


And now for the next installment of our special series ahead of the launch of Kenya's Standard Gauge Railway. Several Kenyan women train drivers have been sent to China to learn how to operate the SGR. They're back now, and four of them will be driving the train on launch-day. Take a look.


The Standard Gauge Railway links East Africa's biggest port -- Mombasa to Nairobi, the Kenyan capital. The official launch takes place on Wednesday the 31st of May. The 400 and 72-kilometre line will reduce travel time from 10-plus hours to less than five. The SGR is the biggest infrastructure project in Kenya since independence in 1963. It's also the first stage in a network that will eventually stretch across much of East Africa -- transforming transport, trade and economic development as part of China's Belt and Road Initiative.


The Standard Gauge Railway has been widely acclaimed as a signature feature for the East African country


The Managing Director of Kenya Railways, Atanas Maina, says the SGR will bring a range of benefits to the country.


After more than a century, Kenya is betting on a new Chinese-built route to cement its position as the gateway to East Africa. President Uhuru Kenyatta will see off the first cargo train later today, while the first passenger coach will undertake the 4-hundred and 72-kilometere journey on Wednesday. The multibillion-dollar railway links the Kenyan capital Nairobi with the port of Mombasa.

It will reduce the cost of transporting goods inland -- and cut travel time from 10-plus hours to less than five. The next leg of the SGR will connect Nairobi with the Rift Valley town of Naivasha. Authorities have hailed the economic benefits of the train.


China has officially handed over the Standard Gauge Railway to Kenya. President Uhuru Kenyatta has been joined at the Port of Mombasa by dozens of top officials from the Chinese companies that helped build and fund the railway project. The handover ceremony included traditional dancing and singing to mark this momentous occasion.

The railway will eventually link up to the entire East African region. It's been called a potential game changer for Kenya and the region. President Kenyatta is due to leave from the Mombasa station on Wednesday morning to take the inaugural train to Nairobi. Well, our team is in Mombasa and has been getting us more on the SGR, the projects that go with it, and the potential benefits. Here's Ramah Nyang with more.


          Palabra de Ingeniero - Proyecto del tren de alta velocidad del litoral Pacífico    
el kilometro de tren bala en china esta 10 millones de dolares de 350kmh, osea peru tendria que meterle alrededor de 30 mil millones de dolares, con estaciones y todo lo demas para tener bala de tumbes a tacna.. pero mejor esperar al hyperloop, va aser aun mas barato y minimo a 1500 kmh, osea en media hora lima trujillo(carga y pasajeros)... mas rapido que los aviones.

A lo largo de la ruta del hyperloop lo llenas de paneles solares que hacen mover el sistema.


          Trenes llevan productos de gama alta de China a Europa    
Como parte de nuestra cobertura previa al Foro de La Franja y la Ruta que se celebrará en mayo en Beijing estamos ofreciendo una serie de reportajes sobre proyectos relacionados con esta iniciativa china. Hoy les hablaremos de las líneas férreas que están ayudando a conectar China con Europa.

La primera entró en funcionamiento hace más de seis años. Con ella, productos de alta calidad viajan desde Chongqing, en el suroeste de China, a Duisburgo, en Alemania. Veamos cómo ordenadores portátiles que se ensamblan en Chongqing llegan a la mayor economía de Europa. Este es el mayor centro de ensamblaje de ordenadores de Asia, ubicando en Chongqing, en el suroeste de China.

Por su línea de producción pasan varios tipos de productos. Las empresas de Chongqing se benefician de una red integral de transportes. Pero para las compañías que mandan productos a destinos eruopeos, la línea intercontinental de ferrocarril es una opción de transporte relativamente rápida y barata.


          Parte un tren de Chengdu rumbo a Lodz en el sexto aniversario del servicio transcontinental    
Los servicios ferroviarios transcontinentales entre China y Europa a lo largo de la nueva Ruta de la Seda se han ampliado rápidamente en los últimos años. Según datos del operador nacional de ferrocarriles de China, desde marzo de 2013 se han realizado 3.682 viajes entre ciudades chinas y europeas y el volumen de carga ha ido en aumento.


          First freight train sets off for China from UK    
First freight train sets off for China from UK
A train loaded with British goods, has started a 12,000 km journey from England to China, opening a regular direct service between the countries.
It pulled away from Stanford-le-Hope in Essex on Monday to arrive in China in three weeks.
Whisky, soft drinks, vitamins, pharmaceuticals and baby products are among the items in 30 containers carried by train.

The locomotive will travel through the Channel Tunnel, and then seven countries - France, Belgium, Germany, Poland, Belarus, Russia, and Kazakhstan – before arriving on April 27.
The rail journey to China is cheaper than sending freight by air and faster than a voyage by ship, operators say.

The route is part of China’s "one belt, one road" program aimed at reviving the ancient Silk Road trading routes between the East and the West. In January, the first freight train from China arrived in the UK.
"This new rail link with China is another boost for global Britain, following the ancient Silk Road trade route to carry British products around the world,” UK International Trade Minister Greg Hands said, adding that the rail link "shows the huge global demand for quality UK goods.”

The freight service makes London the 15th European city to have a direct rail link with China.
"This is the first export train and just the start of a regular direct service between the UK and China,” said Xubin Feng, chairman of Yiwu Timex Industrial Investment which is organizing the service.
"We have great faith in the UK as an export nation and rail provides an excellent alternative for moving large volumes of goods over long distances faster," he added.
Restoring the Silk Road route was "an important and exciting initiative,” according to Feng.

https://www.rt.com/business/384355-uk-china-freight-train/

The UK’s first-ever freight train for China started its long haul on Monday along a modern-day “Silk Road” trade route, as the UK cements a new golden age of trade with China and prepares to leave the EU.




          El Metro de Trujillo debe ser Elevado en Monorriel, razones economicas y tecnicas   
Despues de ser testigo de como la naturaleza, muy ayudada por la negligencia Trujillana de crear una ciudad en el punto donde se convergen 3 quebradas.... no queda otra opcion que hacer un metro elevado. La solucion matematica seria remover la ciudad entera, y eso no se va a dar, no se da ni en USA con Lousiana, ni en China son Sichuan.

Un Metro a nivel del suelo seria un desastre, limpiar las zonas de los rieles, la infraestrutura electrica destruida, rieles removidos, muy oneroso, sobre todo por que la ciudad esta mal diseñada.

Un Metro subterraneo seria aun peor, imaginense las estaciones y recorrido llenas de lodo, y que pasa si el huayco baja de improviso con la gente moviendose en el metro, moriria mucha gente, ademas limpiar eso, bombear lodo, cientos de millones de dolares, una perdida demasiado grande.

Un Metro elevado como la Linea 1 de Lima no necesariamente se hace con Metro pesado, en elevado tienes 3 opciones:

1. Hacerlo como el Metro de Lima, una estructura robusta que aguante el peso, los balastos(piedra chancada), y el paso vibrante del metro, eso costo como 2500 millones de dolares a Lima, por 35km, el metro de Trujillo entero costaria 5 mil millones al ser un poco mas de 60km.


2. Hacerlo como el Metro de Lima, pero con Tranvias, convoyes de 500 pasajeros, como la estructura es mas liviana, el material a usarse seria mucho menor, un estimado de 3000 millones de dolares para 60 km.


3. Hacerlo elevado en Monorriel, como la Linea de Sao Paolo en Brasil, o el que se esta haciendo en China, un estimado de 2000 millones de dolares para 60km, lo bueno es la alta capacidad, un convoy levanta hasta 1000 pasajeros.


(OPCION GANADORA)

Creo que la mejor opcion para ciudades costeras del Peru fuera de Lima seria con monorrieles, si por alguna razon una columna cediera al embate de la naturaleza y se cae, no afecta la red entera, solo el costo de reemplazar esa columna y seccion derrumbada, lo bueno es que son plegadas como los juegos de lego, no tienes que vaciar concreto, ya viene prefabricado, por eso es tan barato.

Sobraran los estafadores que te quieran vender la opcion mas cara, moderna, subterranea, no te la creas, y asi usas el mejor sistema que se adapte a tu ciudad, estos monorrieles de 1000 pasajeros por convoy muy facilmente cubren las necesidades de ciudades de hasta 3,5 millones de habitantes, y ninguna de las ciudades costeras fuera de Lima pasan el millon.
          Mexico y UNASUR - CON LOS OJOS EN CHINA-la construcción de infraestructura para el transporte    
China ha revertido los reveses pasados a la construcción de infraestructuras para el transporte en América Latina. En la serie, "Con los Ojos en China", Octavio Fernández explica por qué el desarrollo de tecnología de punta, precios competitivos y buenas intenciones para colaborar con otros países no son suficientes en la iniciativa china de salir al exterior.


          Alemania, Perú y Bolivia evaluarán tren bioceánico - 15,000 millones de dólares   
(Reuters) - Alemania está interesada en financiar un proyecto de tren que una Bolivia con la costa del Pacífico por el sur de Perú, plan que considera una inversión de unos 15.000 millones de dólares, dijo el miércoles el vicepresidente peruano, Martín Vizcarra.

El proyecto es alternativo a otro plan para construir un tren que cruzaría el norte de Perú hasta Brasil, para el cual China firmó en el 2015 un acuerdo con el Gobierno peruano para estudiar su viabilidad.
Vizcarra, quien también es ministro de Transporte y Comunicaciones de Perú, dijo que para dialogar sobre detalles del proyecto boliviano viajará el 22 de marzo a La Paz para reunirse con sus pares de Alemania y Bolivia.


"Las autoridades del gobierno alemán son los más interesados en financiar este proyecto (...) desde la zona productiva de Bolivia hasta un puerto en el sur de Perú", afirmó.
El funcionario dijo que el tren partiría de Santa Cruz y como punto de llegada se consideraría a los puertos peruanos de Ilo, Matarani, Corío y Grau en el sur del país andino. El Gobierno ha realizado un informe del perfil del proyecto, pero debe hacer un estudio de factibilidad del tren, agregó.


"Estamos viendo cómo el proyecto beneficia a Perú, sino una alternativa es que hagan el proyecto y le damos las facilidades, es un proyecto de ellos. Nosotros como país hermano, que es Bolivia, lo acompañaremos en este proceso", dijo Vizcarra.
El funcionario refirió que el corredor permitirá a Bolivia tener "acceso" al mar que perdió en una guerra con Chile y colocar sus exportaciones a grandes mercados como Asia.

http://elcomercio.pe/economia/negocios/alemania-interesada-tren-desde-bolivia-hacia-sur-peru-noticia-1976315
          ¿Es en serio? ¿Qué la conexión transcontinental conviene más a China que al Perú?   
De

Este “argumento”, contrario al proyecto Ferrovia Transcontinental Atlántico Pacífico Brasil Perú, FETAB, originado en “The Economist” de Londres, y repetido luego en “El Comercio” de Lima, siendo falaz, descubre la pasmosa pasividad de nuestros políticos y profesionales. En especial, luego de más de 20 décadas en que, explicando nuestro subdesarrollo, nuestros mejores pensadores notaron que era más fácil llegar desde un lugar del Perú a Londres, que unir dos puntos de nuestro propio país. Luego de casi un siglo de las propuestas descentralistas, y luego de muchísimas décadas que énfasis en la integración continental, esgrimida por los movimientos sociales y políticos latinoamericanos de mayor arraigo. Luego de ser el primer país de Sudamérica en iniciar su programa ferroviario. 
De hecho, ni la descentralización, ni la integración regional ni el desarrollo son posibles sin la infraestructura vial, integrada con los aspectos de energía, habilitación urbana, y manejo de aguas.  
Sin embargo, hay cuestionamientos más razonables que son atendibles: el Perú no se puede convertir en un país “puente” entre China y Brasil, dos de las dos economías más grandes del mundo. Generalmente, en los países “puente” queda muy poco del beneficio global. Por lo cual, el Perú debe generar una oferta exportable adicional en las dos direcciones, y, además, la conexión trasversal debe complementarse con la longitudinal. 

En general, la conectividad vial nacional debe ser transversal y longitudinal, en primer lugar, y en segundo lugar, dar lugar a una serie de “anillos” en especial ferroviarios, para articular los desintegrados ferrocarriles y sistemas carreteros nacionales.  Por ejemplo, la propuesta de planeamiento de la futura red ferroviaria, preparada en la Facultad de Ingeniería Civil de la Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería, Centro de Transferencia Tecnológica Instituto Vial Iberoamericano – Perú,  propone el Sistema de Anillos Ferroviarios de la ilustración.Documento completo aquí.
  
Esta propuesta, que no incluye el FETAB en forma integra, sin embargo, representa la idea que los primeros formuladores de la red ferroviaria peruana tuvieron siempre: un sistema integrado de trasporte, para unir al Perú con el Perú, pero también con el subcontinente y el mundo.

https://financiardesarrollo.blogspot.com/2017/01/es-en-serio-que-la-conexion.html


          China Mobile и Apple добавят в iPhone поддержку сетей 4G и 3G от China Mobile 17 января 2014 г.   
none
          Pandapaar für Berliner Zoo gefunden   
Ab Juli sollen wieder zwei Pandabären im Berliner Zoo leben. Ein Männchen und ein Weibchen sind bereits ausgewählt worden. Allerdings ist China mit dem Gehege noch nicht zufrieden.
          07/30/17: Sino-Finnish summer camp – apply now   
Create new opportunities for companies, individuals and institutions alike. The camp is a part of Sino Finnish 100 Challenge.

Sino Finnish 100 Challenge – a new way of doing is the main event of the Finland 100 programme in China.The Challenge creates preconditions for utilising Finnish know-how in solving challenges in China. It also promotes and enables export opportunities within Chinese stakeholders. The Challenge is organised by Radical Design Week Association (RDWA) with Finnish and Chinese partners.

Summer Camp

One of the highlights in 2017 is a Summer Camp for students and teachers, which is organised during 30 July–11 August. On the camp, you can create new opportunities for companies, individuals and institutions through innovative and ambitious collaboration. Furthermore, you will improve your entrepreneurship skills to usher in a new era of co-creation and high-skill economic growth between the two countries.

The camp takes place on Aalto University's Otaniemi Campus in Espoo, Finland. The instructors will include experts from top universities in USA, China and Finland.

Inspire your imagination

The Sino-Finnish team is headed by Professor Yrjö Sotamaa, an internationally awarded expert of design and design innovation. He is currently a professor at the College of Design and Innovation at Tongji University.

'Sino-Finnish summer camp is the choice to inspire your imagination and collaborate with the brightest of minds from all over the world. Come with an open mind and create new moving ideas together with the change makers. Have fun while learning,' says Yrjö Sotamaa and continues 'The Sino Finnish 100 Challenge unique innovation ecosystem is an enabling resource and connects the ideas with a wide variety of expertise for further development of the ideas.'

Applying

Apply for the Summer Camp latest on 22 May 2017 at 4 pm (GMT) on the Sino-Finnish website (sinofinnishchallenge.org). The fee for the camp is EUR 800 (incl. VAT).

More information:


          China Set to Eclipse Tesla’s Gigafactory Battery Output   
China rises as a Paris Accord leader.
          Segitiga Bermuda’ Danau Poyang China   

Lebih dari 200 kapal dan perahu lenyap selama 30 tahun

Sejumlah media besar China melaporkan adanya perairan berbahaya di Danau Poyang, danau terbesar di China, Pada 20 Oktober 2010. Danau Poyang dikenal sebagai ‘Segitiga Bermuda di Timur.’
Lebih dari 200 perahu tenggelam di perairan tersebut selama 30 tahun. 1.600 orang dinyatakan hilang dan sekitar 30 korban mengalami sakit mental.
Segitiga Bermuda ini terletak di utara Danau Poyang, Wilayah Duchang, Provinsi Jiangxi. Disebelah utara danau tersebut terdapat kuil yang disebut kuil Laoye. Oleh sebab itu penduduk setempat menyebut perairan itu sebagai perairan kuil Laoye.
Di antara kapal yang hilang di wilayah itu, salah satunya ada yang berbobot 2.000 ton. Peristiwa ini terjadi pada 3 Agustus 1985 bersama 13 kapal dan perahu lain yang mengalami musibah di perairan tersebut. Yang menjadi misteri adalah kapal itu tidak dapat ditemukan meskipun telah dilakukan upaya-upaya pencarian secara maksimal.

Badai Dapat Terjadi Kapan Saja

Menurut sejumlah laporan media, banyak nelayan setempat berdoa dengan membakar dupa atau mengadakan upacara sebelum mereka melakukan perjalanan di perairan itu.
“Badai dapat menghantam setiap saat,” ujar Zhang Xiaojin (50), yang telah menjadi nelayan di perairan kuil Laoye selama 20 tahun. Dia dan nelayan lainnya selalu berhati-hati dengan mengamati setiap perubahan kecil di danau tersebut, seberapapun jauhnya mereka memasuki danau itu.
“Saya teringat, pada suatu hari di musim dingin tahun 2001, kami berada di tengah danau. Awalnya semua terlihat baik-baik saja, namun tiba-tiba cuaca berubah secara mendadak. Gelombang menjadi begitu dahsyat, sehingga seluruh kapal mencoba merapat ke tepi danau,” ujar Wang Fangren, seorang yang telah berpengalaman berlayar selama 50 tahun.
“Salah satu perahu pengangkut pasir tiba-tiba tenggelam.”
Menurut Wang, biasanya terdapat tanda-tanda sebelum badai dahsyat menghantam. Namun badai di perairan kuil Laoye selalu datang tiba-tiba.
“Badai biasanya berlangsung sekitar 20 menit dan normal kembali seolah tidak pernah terjadi apapun,” ujarnya.
Pada 16 April 1945, sebuah kapal Jepang tenggelam di perairan kuil Laoye. Tak satupun dari 20 awaknya selamat.
Setelah itu Jepang mengirim tim penyelamat bawah air. Hanya satu orang yang dapat kembali dan sisanya menghilang tanpa bekas. Orang yang selamat ini terlihat ketakutan, setelah dia menanggalkan pakaian renangnya, dia hilang ingatan.
Kemudian, sebuah misi penyelamatan dilakukan selama beberapa bulan, namun tidak ada apapun yang dapat ditemukan dan beberapa penyelam Amerika-pun juga turut lenyap tanpa bekas.
Han Lixian, salah seorang penduduk kota Duchang mengatakan, “Pada tahun 1977, orang-orang di wilayah ini membangun tiga bendungan, salah satunya dibangun dekat perairan kuil Laoye. Suatu malam bendungan dengan panjang 2.000 kaki, lebar 165 kaki dan dengan ketinggian 16 meter di atas air itu, tenggelam tanpa gemuruh sedikitpun.”

Angin Aneh

Beberapa waktu lalu, seorang wartawan dari Harian Jiangxi pergi ke perairan kuil Laoye bersama sejumlah ilmuwan. Ketika dia berdiri di kuil Laoye, dia merasakan angin kencang bertiup dari arah selatan menuju utara. Namun ketika dia melihat air, percikannya terlihat bertiup dari arah utara ke selatan. Tampaknya angin sedang bertiup dari dua arah yang berlawanan.
Kemudian, ketika angin bertiup kencang, percikan air di danau tidak membentuk garis lurus namun dalam bentuk ‘V’. Angin aneh dan percikan ini membuat sulit bagi nelayan untuk memberi tahu arah

Perahu-Perahu Jungkir-balik Tanpa Terlihat Ombak maupun Angin

Bagaimanapun, orang percaya bahwa angin aneh ini yang membuat perairan ini menjadi berbahaya. Jin, kepala biara kuil Laoye, mengatakan bahwa pada 5 Maret lalu, saat cuaca cerah, sebuah kapal berbobot 1.000 ton, terbalik diperairan tersebut. Tidak ada yang mengetahui apa penyebabnya.
Dalam pandangan peduduk setempat, ada sebuah legenda yang dapat menjelaskan apa yang sebenarnya terjadi. Ketika Zhu Yuanzhang, pendiri Dinasti Yuan mengobarkan perang terhadap pesaingnya Chen Youliang dekat danau Poyang, Zhu kalah dan mundur ke tepi danau. Tidak ada perahu di danau itu, namun seekor kura-kura raksasa muncul dan membantu Zhu menyeberangi danau tersebut.
Setelah Zhu menjadi kaisar, dia menjadikan kura-kura sebagai jenderal dan membangun kuil Laoye dekat danau itu untuk mengenang kura-kura tersebut. Penduduk setempat yakin bahwa roh penyu itulah yang telah mengganggu para nelayan.
Seorang pakar setempat mengatakan kepada media bahwa mereka telah menemukan apa yang menyebabkan perairan tersebut berbahaya.
“Sebuah gambar infra merah menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tebing pasir dengan ketinggian sekitar 6.600, melintang dari timur ke barat, di bawah perairan kuil Laoye. Hal inilah yang mengakibatkan terciptanya pusaran air di bawah danau. Pusaran ini sangat memungkinkan menarik dan menenggelamkan kapal dan sejumlah perahu,” ujar laporan tersebut.
Namun, teori ini belum dapat menjelaskan mengapa bangkai-bangkai kapal yang tenggelam tidak pernah ditemukan. (EpochTimes/sua)
          Mengintip Kota Iblis Moguicheng di Provinsi Xinjian, China   
Quote:
Moguicheng Kota Misterius
Quote:
Di Cina, terdapat sebuah kota bernama Xinjian. Di kota ini, ada daerah terbengkalai yang disebut “Moguicheng” atau kota iblis (Devils’ Town). Disana ada beberapa istana / kastil kuno yang misterius. Namun keberadaan kastil inilah yang menjadi daya tarik bagi para petualang untuk tidak melewatkan pengalaman unik di kawasan penuh misteri ini, dengan segala fenomena aneh lainnya. Daya tarik utama dari kawasan Moguichang ini tidak terletak pada daerah atau keindahan alamnya, akan tetapi tentang misteri yang ada di sana, yang telah dikenal dari masa ke masa hampir ribuan tahun yang lalu.

Spoiler for Xinjian:
Spoiler for Xinjian:
Quote:
Quote:
Jika anda berkunjung kesana dihari panas dan cerah, dan dengan adanya sedikit hembusan angin sepoi2, Anda akan mendengar irama yang sangat aneh dan misterius. Suara aneh yang tidak jelas darimana asalanya. Anda akan mendengarkan ritme manis, seperti 10 juta bel kecil atau 10 juta gitar bermain bersama dengan indahya. Tapi jika angin kencang mendekat, maka suara yang timbul akan bagaikan raungan singa, tangis bayi atau lolongan serigala.
Sampai saat ini, fenomena ini tetap jadi misteri. Tidak ada yang menguak misteri apa sebenarnya yang menyebabkan terdengarnya suara yang demikian. Mitos yang mengatakan bahwa mereka adalah suara dari hantu, tapi masih terlalu dini untuk kita yakini bahwa ini memang kerjaan hantu iseng sebelum diadakan penelitian ilmiah. Banyak para ahli mencoba untuk meneliti tentang suara, namun mereka masih tidak ditemukan. Namun walaupun sedikit menakutkan, tempat ini masih merupakan salah satu tempat yang paling menarik untuk dikunjungi di hari libur.
Spoiler for Xinjian:
Quote:
KOTA IBLIS DAN PINTU NERAKA

Orang – orang setempat menyebutnya Moguicheng yang artinya kota Iblis. Moguicheng, yang merupakan padang pasir terletak di provinsi Xinjian Cina. Daerah ini merupakan daerah yang terbengkalai, tak ada satupun orang yang tinggal disini. Walaupun disini terdapat kastil – kastil.
Disebut kota iblis karena kota ini menyimpan misteri. Jika kita berjalan pada hari yang cerah kearah kastil – kastil ditemani tiupan angin sepoi, maka kita akan mendengar alunan melodi yang menyerupai dentingan bel ataupun dawai – dawai gitar yang dipetik dengan lembut. Namun ketika badai datang, pasir beterbangan kelangit dan seketika langit menjadi gelap, alunan melodi itu akan berubah menjadi suara auman harimau, jerit tangis bayi, suara hewan yang sedang disembelih, jeritan wanita sekarat dan pada akhirnya semua akan berubah menjadi suara teriakan, tangis, dan kemarahan.
Misteri suara – suara ini masih belum dapat dipecahkan. Siapa yang membuat dan kenapa? semuanya masih misteri.
Pintu Neraka ini ditutup rapat – rapat bagi manusia. “Pintu” ini terletak dipegunungan Kunlun Cina. Di pintu neraka ini terdapat Lembah Kematian. Disini banyak ditemukan sisa – sisa rambut hewan, tulang belulang, kerangka serigala, kerangka beruang, kerangka manusia, dan beberapa kuburan.

          igra istine   
People Republic of China lol

a sto nam uzimas mere ondaK ako ne skupljas broke za loto? roll


Paaa, zato sto meni trebaju brojke, a ne ove PRC broke. lol


Da li ste zaljubljeni?
          igra istine   
People Republic of China lol

a sto nam uzimas mere ondaK ako ne skupljas broke za loto? roll
          World Economic Forum blockchain report calls for ‘multi-stakeholder collaboration’ — By Ian Allison | International Business Times   
“A report outlining how blockchain technology will usher in a new era of the internet has been published by the World Economic Forum at its 11th Annual Meeting of the New Champions, taking place on 27–29 June in Dalian, People’s Republic of China.” Read more
          Future Energy: China leads world in solar power production   
China consumes more electricity than any other country but is also the world’s biggest solar energy producer. Read more
          The Cold War Kabuki   



Well, you all know what the big story was this past week. I wasn't going to post on it but enough people have asked and it seems germane to the ongoing Reality Show we're all unwitting (and unwilling) extras in. In case you've been on media blackout or a vision quest, here's a brief thumbnail sketch:
The United States launched a military strike Thursday on a Syrian government airbase in response to a chemical weapons attack that killed dozens of civilians earlier in the week. 
On President Donald Trump's orders, US warships launched 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles at the airbase that was home to the warplanes that carried out the chemical attacks, US officials said.
As it happens, the airstrikes apparently didn't even seem to have the desired deterrent effect. The air base was up and running soon after the strikes:
Syrian warplanes took off from the air base hit by US cruise missiles yesterday to carry out bombing raids on rebel-held areas, in a defiant show of strength. 
Just hours after the al-Shayrat airfield was bombed with 59 US Tomahawk cruise missiles fired from warships in the Mediterranean, aircraft struck targets in the eastern Homs countryside, according to a monitoring group. 
The airstrikes were carried out on Khan Sheikhoun - the same town Bashar al-Assad’s regime is accused of attacking with chemicals - and seven other towns around eastern Homs, some of which controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil).
This rebound seemed to catch the War Party off guard, since CNN reported on the same story but appeared to ascribe the airstrikes to phantom warplanes. I mean, it couldn't be the Syrians or the Russians, right?:
(CNN) New airstrikes targeted a town in Syria that was hit by a chemical attack earlier this week, activists said, less than a day after the US bombarded a Syrian air base to "send a message" to the Assad regime. 
It wasn't immediately clear who conducted the strikes on Khan Sheikhoun, which was hit on Friday and Saturday, though only Russian and Syrian regime aircraft have been bombing that area of rebel-held Idlib province.
CNN, who've been hammering Trump around the clock since he humiliated their network head in a post-election tantrum, suddenly changed their tune when he started raining bombs on Syria. Sam Kriss reports:
The media was kind to Trump’s attack on Syria. Every pompous outlet that has spent the last five months screaming incessantly about the threat to democracy, the inevitable deaths and the terror of wars, had nothing but applause as soon as the wars and the deaths actually got going. 
 A fleshy and dangerous idiot, a vulgarian, an imbecile – until those first perfect screaming shots of Tomahawk missiles being fired were broadcast – that’s our guy, you show them Donny! This is when, as Fareed Zakaria put it on CNN, Trump ‘became the president.’
The same mainstream media, which has become a hornet's hive of conspiracy theorizing since the election, was quick to shoot down any conspiracy theories about the Syria Bombshow.
A volley of US cruise missiles had barely been launched into Syria before the internet filled up with fact-free theories about the real reason for the international crisis.
A popular one on the right-most fringes: the US government actually carried out the chemical weapons massacre in Syria last week - a "false flag" to trick President Donald Trump into retaliating, thus entangling himself in a foreign war. 
A slightly more convoluted strain on the left: Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the chemical weapons massacre to help Trump - distracting Americans from an investigation into Trump's campaign ties to Russia by provoking the missile strike.
Alt-left conspiracy theorists prefer the idea that Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the chemical weapons massacre to help Trump - distracting Americans from an investigation into Trump's campaign ties to Russia.
Ron Paul, whose son Rand is now a rising star in the Senate, was perhaps the most prominent public figure to cast shade on the Syria op:
“Before this episode of possible gas exposure and who did what, things were going along reasonably well for the conditions,” the former Texas congressman stated. “Trump said let the Syrians decide who should run their country, and peace talks were making out, and Al Qaeda and ISIS were on the run.” 
“It looks like, maybe, somebody didn’t like that so there had to be an episode, and the blame now is we can’t let that happen because it looks like it might benefit Assad.”
For his part, Doctor Bones speculates that the real mark for a possible elaborate sting wasn't Assad or Putin, but in fact another player altogether. The timing seems hard to argue with:
A gas attack launched by the fleeing Syrian rebels, a side quickly losing it’s CIA-sponsorship and well aware it’s continued health depends on American funds, sure has a shit-ton more to gain from wide swathes of civilians dying on camera. Even better if they die particularly gruesomely and in a way the rebels claim they couldn’t be responsible for despite being photographed with all the tech to do so. 
How does Trump’s seemingly pointless explosion-show play into this? The answer: perfectly...
Consider also that the Chinese President was in Mar-a-Largo when the strike was underway, that Trump not only told him it was going to happen but actually ate dinner with him as it went on and the event spirals into even greater significance. A show of force full of technical prowess in a contested warzone while the Russians stood back and watched sends a powerful message to a foreign leader currently dining in enemy territory.
Is this just swivel-eyed speculation? Is there any reason to believe this wasn't all some improbable coincidence, that Xi Jinping was indeed dining with Trump while the Bombshow began? Because if it's not a coincidence then it's one hell of a psyop; running a mindfuck on your most dangerous frenemy during a state visit. What's this all about then? Joseph Farrell reports:
While there have been a spate of articles recently about growing Russo-Chinese defense and security ties, matching their growing financial and economic ties, this one left me stunned, for there was a statement within it that caught my eye, and Mr. B's as well, and I'm sure the reader saw it as well. As one can imagine, this one fueled my "high octane speculation" mode to the nth degree. Here's the statement, and a bit of surrounding context:
Russia and China are tired of Washington's "defensive" military installations in their backyards — and they're already taking action. 
According to the Atlantic Council and other responsible thinkers, the Untied States reserves the right to park its missile shields anywhere it wants, whether it be in Europe, East Asia, or the dark side of the Moon.  
I guess we should have seen all this coming, no? Shortly before the Bombshow, Trump's top Praetorian removed Trump's assumed consigliere from the NSC:
President Trump on Wednesday removed controversial White House chief strategist Stephen K. Bannon from the National Security Council, part of a sweeping staff reshuffling that elevated military, intelligence and Cabinet officials to greater roles on the council and left Bannon less directly involved in shaping the administration’s day-to-day national security policy. 
The restructuring reflects the growing influence of national security adviser H.R. McMaster, an Army three-star general who took over the post after retired general Michael Flynn was ousted in February and who is increasingly asserting himself over the flow of national security information in the White House. 
Do yourself a favor and set a news alert for "McMaster." That's a name you're going to be hearing more of in the days ahead. Or you won't. Which is probably the more troubling scenario.

And with Bannon off the NSC there's apparently an effort to shuffle him off to some fat-salaried thinktank glue factory.  The not-news of Bannon's interest in The Fourth Coming was dragged out yet again, this time by The New York Times. But the article planted a helpful hint of why Bannon is on the elbow list and might be giving us a grim preview of the year ahead:
Bannon’s Views Can Be Traced to a Book That Warns, ‘Winter Is Coming’

WASHINGTON — Stephen K. Bannon has read the book three times. He still keeps a copy of it — one that’s creased and copiously underlined — in a library with the rest of his favorites at his father’s house in Richmond, Va. 
The book, “The Fourth Turning,” a 1997 work by two amateur historians, Neil Howe and William Strauss, lays out a theory that American history unfurls in predictable, 80-year cycles of prosperity and catastrophe. And it foresees catastrophe right around the corner. 
It also leads to unavoidable questions about war and whether Mr. Bannon, who has recommended the book to countless friends and made a film about it in 2010, is resigned to catastrophic global conflict. He says he is not. 
And he remains unconvinced that the United States can effectively intervene in overseas conflicts like the one unfolding in Syria. As one of the voices in the administration who expressed skepticism about a military strike in response to the Assad regime’s chemical attack on its own citizens, Mr. Bannon insists he is no warmonger.
Well, there you have it.

Is the Syria proxy war threatening to heat up again, or is this all just another dance in the Cold War Kabuki? Have actions like the Bombshow  become like sacrificial actions in ongoing magical actions? Or is the real war is for your mind and is playing out in thousands of manufactured headlines, blizzards of 30 second videos with deceptive text crawls and the endless babbling of overpaid talking heads?

I feel stupid even asking the question.

Just in case you're worried that this is all leading to nukes raining down on American cities,  the cognitive warriors seem to be trying to defuse any expectations of impending Armageddon: 
White House national security adviser H.R. McMaster says that while the U.S. would push for regime change in Syria, “We’re not the ones who are going to effect that change.” 
“What we’re saying is, other countries have to ask themselves some hard questions,” McMaster said in an interview on "Fox News Sunday." “Russia should ask themselves, ‘What are we doing here?’ Why are we supporting this murderous regime that is committing mass murder of its own population and using the most heinous weapons available?’”
Translation: No way in Hell we have the readiness needed for a hot war with a military superpower.

And since the mindfuck is the mother's milk of Cog-War, the careful inoculation of mixed messages into the mediafeed becomes just as vital a weapon as a cruise missile. Scratch that- much, much more so.
Trump Administration Is Contradicting Itself On Regime Change In Syria 
The Trump administration appears divided on whether the U.S. is pursuing a policy of regime change in Syria, days after the first direct American military attack against the Syrian government. 
Thursday’s strike “was related solely to the most recent horrific use of chemical weapons,” Secretary of State Rex Tillerson told ABC News’ George Stephanopoulos on Sunday. The goal of the attack was to send a message to Syrian President Bashar Assad and its ally Russia that the U.S. wouldn’t tolerate the use of chemical weapons, he continued. “Other than that, there is no change to our military posture.”
But United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley said there can be no peace in Syria with Assad in power. “There’s not any sort of option where a political solution is going to happen with Assad at the head of the regime,” she told CNN’s Jake Tapper on Sunday. “Regime change is something that we think is going to happen because all of the parties are going to see that Assad is not the leader that needs to be taking place for Syria.​”​
Though Haley stopped short of indicating the U.S. would take military action to overthrow the Syrian dictator, her comments reflect a sharp change from the administration’s previous position.
The difference here, of course, is that Tillerson sets and executes policy and Haley sits in a glorified debating society and blows smoke and fairy dust for a bunch of bored bureaucrats wishing they had their real government jobs back, the ones they enjoyed before being pushed upstairs to their present posts. The media only pays attention when bombs are falling.

It's all black magic, make no mistake about it. There are different terms and epithets for it all now,  but when you strip all the twenty-dollar words and the credentials and the technology away the intent and the effect is no different than a witch doctor's curse. 

William S. Burroughs understood this, since his uncle Ivy Lee was the creator of one of these modern strains of black magic, so-called "public relations." Burroughs considered his uncle a bonafide "evil genius." And Lee was a piker compared to the algorithm-fired masters of the dark arts striding the globe today.

Here's a story that probably won't pop up on your Facebook feed. Anyone paying attention to the Russia hacking story probably knows how incredibly weak the hacking evidence actually is,* but now Wikileaks is teasing out the Seth Rich mystery again.
‘Guccifer 2.0’ Chat With Nude Model Sparks New Conspiracy Theories About Murder of DNC’s Seth Rich 
New chat logs between alleged Democratic National Committee hacker Guccifer 2.0 and a Playboy centerfold model surfaced today via Wikileaks on Twitter, throwing more fuel on the conspiracy theories surrounding murdered DNC staffer Seth Rich. The Twitter conversation, conducted via direct messages, purports to reveal Rich as the primary leaker of the DNC e-mails that proved highly disruptive during the 2016 presidential election. 
In direct messages dated August 25, 2016, Guccifer 2.0 mentioned having a whistleblower at the DNC, and said he was looking for a “person of trust who can be a guarantee in case anything happens.”
When Young suggested trusting Julian Assange, Guccifer 2.0 called him “unsafe” and that he “may be connected with Russians” despite being his hero. 
“I’d like to find a journalist who can do an investigation and teel [sic] the real story of his life and death,” he said, and revealed that the whistleblower he was referring to was none other than a person named “Seth.” 
“I suppose u know who I’m talking about,” he said, adding that he felt sorry about the murdered DNC staffer’s parents and that he wished for journalists to uncover the truth of his murder.
  
Seth Rich, a 27-year-old mid-level DNC staffer, was shot and killed in the early morning of July 2016 in Washington DC, while he was walking home from a bar and talking with his girlfriend on his mobile phone. Rich’s killers left his watch and wallet untouched on his body. 
This wasn't floated by Alex Jones or David Icke, it popped up on Heat Street, which is owned by the Dow Jones Company and Rupert Murdoch's NewsCorp. This story looks like it's going to grow some legs yet.

So are you sick of the Cog-War and the Cold War Kabuki yet? Tired of your social media hijacked by proxy warriors fighting battles for cliques within the Intelligence community? Burnt out on the whole Reality Show Presidency and its discontents altogether?

Start looking into ashrams in Sri Lanka, then. This machine is just getting warmed up. 




*Maybe some bright young spark should see if maybe the hacking an inside job by intel people who correctly judged a Trump White House would be easier to dominate than a bloated, top-heavy Clinton one. Just throwing that out there for giggles and grins.


          Spy vs Spy: Stuck in the Funhouse   

Funhouses are only fun when you can leave them. When the distorting mirror images become your new, day-to-day reality construct, then it's not so much fun anymore. 

I dreaded the 2016 Election because I had a very strong feeling that no matter who won we'd be plunged into a dystopian paradigm in which major power blocs would erupt into all-out warfare. And I sensed that neither Trump nor Clinton possessed the political skills or the communicative powers to keep the carnage fully out of our view. Or our path.


And I was right.


Trump's only been in office for a little over two months and I'm exhausted already. I'm certainly not alone in this. It all feels like a TV sitcom in its seventh season, well after the writers ran out of story ideas. The shark has been good and jumped. And the ratings (the approval ratings, in this case) are plunging too.


What is truly demoralizing though is the utter transparency of the secret war playing out, the seemingly endless spy vs spy thrust and counter-thrust, and the obvious deceptions. Even more so is the Animal Farm-like metamorphosis of the Democratic Party into a full-blown, funhouse mirror of McCarthy-era Republicans, but with Glenn Beck-worthy conspiracy theories thrown in for good measure.


I don't know about you but all of a sudden the world seems especially cold, hard, gray, harsh. Masks are coming off, velvet gloves tossed into wastebins. It doesn't seem to matter who wins the scorpion fight, you're still stuck with a scorpion.  

We can't call out the play-by-play because it's largely being acted out behind closed doors. But we can look at the collateral damage and make certain speculations. There's no doubt that it would all be just as bad-- probably worse-- if Hillary won. Even so, this all feels especially grating.

You've probably seen this story:
Conspiracy theorist Alex Jones on Friday apologized to the owner of a Washington pizzeria that became the subject of a conspiracy theory about human trafficking last year. 
Pizza shop Comet Ping Pong was thrust into the spotlight last year after a gunman allegedly fired a shot inside the restaurant. The suspect said he was investigating the unsubstantiated conspiracy theory that Hillary Clinton and her campaign chairman, John Podesta, were operating a child sex trafficking ring out of the restaurant. 
The theory, which became known as Pizzagate, had circulated among far-right conspiracy theory websites and social media accounts. 
“In our commentary about what had become known as Pizzagate, I made comments about Mr. Alefantis that in hindsight I regret, and for which I apologize to him,” Jones, who runs Infowars, said in a video. James Alefantis is the owner of Comet Ping Pong. 
Jones said his website relied on reporters who are no longer employed by Infowars and that video reports about Pizzagate were removed from the website. He also invited Alefantis onto the show to discuss the incident.
It was preceded by this story:
FBI’S RUSSIA PROBE EXPANDS TO INCLUDE ‘PIZZAGATE’ THREATS 
According to McClatchy News, the FBI’s Russian-influence probe agents are exploring whether far-right news operations, including the pro-Donald Trump sites Breitbart News and Infowars, “took any actions to assist Russia’s operatives.”  Trump’s ousted national security adviser Michael Flynn and his son, a member of the Trump transition team, were among those who boosted the so-called “PizzaGate” pedophile conspiracy theory.
I doubt this will quell the fervor among the Pizzagaters on sites like 4chan and Voat. Given the suspicion many on the fringes regard Jones with it may in fact give the flagging movement a fresh jolt. Jones' apology may also have to do with the drive to purge YouTube of "extremist" content and the controversy over the use of advertising on videos corporate clients find objectionable. A World without Sin, as our Gordon might put it. 


Washington Post headline, pre-election.

So much for theories that the FBI was ready to make mass arrests of prominent Washington figures related to Pizzagate.  Has any "mass arrest" Internet story ever panned out?  

Maybe it has:
Donald Trump became president on Jan. 20. And in one short month, there were more than 1,500 arrests for sex crimes ranging from trafficking to pedophilia.  
Big deal? You bet. In all of 2014, there were fewer than 400 sex trafficking-related arrests, according to FBI crime statistics. Liz Crokin at TownHall.com has put together a great piece on the push by the Trump administration to crack down on sex crimes. And she notes that while "this should be one of the biggest stories in the national news... the mainstream media has barely, if at all, covered any of these mass pedophile arrests. This begs the question – why?
This may have nothing to do with Trump-- in fact, it's likely it doesn't-- since these kinds of actions are planned out months in advance. The arrests continue, in case you were wondering, with major busts going down on a near-weekly basis. Someone's cleaning house. 

For what it's worth, I always reckoned that Pizzagate was in fact cover/distraction for a more hidden struggle, one that would take place under the radar*. As I noted back in November:

No one is saying as much but this very much feels connected to a deeper, more covert war. 
Why would I say such a thing? Because at the same time the Pizzagate story went dark we've seen major strikes taken against international pedophilia, which actually is a global conspiracy, with its own networks, secret codes and moles within established centers of power such as schools, police departments and governments.  
With such combustible accusations-- and such potential for a scandal that could quickly spread out of control (ie., involve political figures you're not trying to destroy)-- you'd naturally expect the action to go dark and the fall guys to be placed pretty far down the foodchain. (Remember that a prior investigation bagged one of the most powerful people in Washington at one time, former Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert).†


"EVER WONDER WHAT IT'D BE LIKE TO DIE IN A PLANE CRASH?" 



It may be sheer coincidence, but James Alefantis' former partner suffered a major heart attack this week
Media Matters for America founder David Brock was rushed to a hospital on Tuesday after suffering a heart attack. 
According to a press release from MMA, the founder of the liberal media watchdog and analysis website was rushed to the hospital early Tuesday afternoon and received treatment.
Sure, it may be coincidence. But I couldn't help but remember this story, published soon after the election
Dems to David Brock: Stop Helping, You Are Killing Us 
Democrats know they need someone to lead them out of the wilderness. But, they say, that someone is not David Brock.

As David Brock attempts to position himself as a leader in rebuilding ademoralized Democratic Party in the age of Trump, many leading Democratic organizers and operatives are wishing the man would simply disappear.
 
"Disappear." Huh. 
Many in the party—Clinton loyalists, Obama veterans, and Bernie supporters alike—talk about the man not as a sought-after ally in the fight against Trumpism, but as a nuisance and a hanger-on, overseeing a colossal waste of cash. And former employees say that he has hurt the cause.
It's worth remembering that Breitbart.com Andrew Breitbart died of a heart attack at the age of 43. A year before he'd posted a cryptic tweet that some have since linked to the Pizzagate imbroglio.  Just before his death he hyped some revelation about Barack Obama's past. 

A coroner in the office handling Breitbart's body subsequently died of arsenic poisoning. The day Breitbart's autopsy results were revealed, in fact.

COME BACK ROY COHN, ALL IS FORGIVEN


We also saw James Comey revive Russiagate, which had been flatlining after Vault 7. Any illusions among Trump fans that the FBI was secretly on their side were ground into powder, between this revelation and the Pizzagate conspiracy investigations. 

One can't help but wonder if the New Praetorians (I've noticed that the Praetorian meme has been picked up by more prominent commentators, but you heard it here first) are losing their last shred of patience with Donald Trump's shenanigans and are planning imminent regime change: 
WASHINGTON (AP) — The FBI is investigating whether Donald Trump’s associates coordinated with Russian officials in an effort to sway the 2016 presidential election, Director James Comey said Monday in an extraordinary public confirmation of a probe the president has refused to acknowledge, dismissed as fake news and blamed on Democrats. 
In a bruising five-hour session, the FBI director also knocked down Trump’s claim that his predecessor had wiretapped his New York skyscraper, an assertion that has distracted White House officials and frustrated fellow Republicans who acknowledge they’ve seen no evidence to support it.
How surreal is the world in which you know live in? So much so that mainstream political site The Hill is comparing the action in Washington to a Stanley Kubrick film, one which has become notorious for the conspiracy theories that have been projected onto it (and is well familiar to Synchronauts):
On the 40th anniversary of the publication of The Shining, Stephen King must be wondering if Washington is working on its own sequel. For the last couple months, Washington has been on edge, like we are all trapped in Overlook Hotel with every day bringing a new “jump scare,” often preceded by a telltale tweet. Indeed, a Twitter whistle has replaced suspenseful music to put the entire city on the edge of their seats. 
In this Shining sequel, however, people are sharply divided on who is the deranged ax-wielding villain in this lodge, the president or the press. Ironically, with the recent disclosure that some of the Trump campaign may indeed have been subject to surveillance, the president is looking more like Danny Torrence, a character dismissed for constantly muttering “redrum, redrum” until someone finally looked in a mirror at the reverse image to see the true message.
Yeah, I'm not really feeling that metaphor there, but whatever. It's been that kind of year.

Now the Internet is burning up with theories that disgraced National Security Adviser Michael Flynn has "turned" and is going to testify against the Trump Administration, or at least figures attached to it. 


It's hard to imagine a three-star general can be stupid enough to be guilty of things Flynn's been accused of but that may speak to a culture of impunity in Washington, in which your misdeeds are only punished if you get on the wrong side of the wrong people.

LIKE A BAD CYBERPUNK NOVEL


One wonders if the secret war has spread outside Washington. Car service giant Uber seems to be having a major run of rotten luck lately: 
Uber Technologies Inc. is suspending its self-driving car program after one of its autonomous vehicles was involved in a high-impact crash in Tempe, Arizona, the latest incident for a company reeling from multiple crises. 
In a photo posted on Twitter, one of Uber’s Volvo self-driving SUVs is pictured on its side next to another car with dents and smashed windows. An Uber spokeswoman confirmed the incident, and the veracity of the photo, and added that the ride-hailing company is suspending its autonomous tests in Arizona until it completes its investigation and pausing its Pittsburgh operations.

The incident also comes as Uber, and Chief Executive Officer Travis Kalanick, are currently under scrutiny because of a series of scandals. The ride-hailing company has been accused of operating a sexist workplace. This month, the New York Times reported that Uber used a tool called Greyball to help drivers evade government regulators and enforcement officials. Kalanick said he needed "leadership help" after Bloomberg published a video showing him arguing with an Uber driver.
So who did Kalanick piss off? 

Coincidentally- there's that word again- the crash comes soon after Wikileaks revealed that CIA hackers had the ability to override the computer systems in automobiles. From Mashable:

WikiLeaks has published a trove of files it says are linked to the CIA's hacking operations — which apparently includes efforts to hack into cars.  
The first in a series called "Vault 7," "Year Zero" supposedly comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virginia.  
"Year Zero" details the CIA's malware arsenal and "zero day" exploits against Apple iPhones, Google's Android operating system, Microsoft Windows and even Samsung TVs.  
 According to a document from 2014, the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks. 
Oh, that's reassuring. Speaking of control systems, apparently pimps are controlling prostitutes with RFID chips:
It turns out this 20-something woman was being pimped out by her boyfriend, forced to sell herself for sex and hand him the money. 
 “It was a small glass capsule with a little almost like a circuit board inside of it,” he said. “It's an RFID chip. It's used to tag cats and dogs. And someone had tagged her like an animal, like she was somebody's pet that they owned.” 
This is human trafficking. It’s a marginal issue here in the U.S. for most of us. Part of that is because the average person isn’t sure what human trafficking – or modern day slavery – actually means.
Technology is our friend, right? And now this: 
Turkish Hackers Threaten To Wipe Millions Of iPhones; Demand Ransom From Apple 
Today, courtesy of CIO, we learn that a group of hackers referring to themselves as the "Turkish Crime Family", has been in direct contact with Apple and is demanding a $150,000 ransom by April 7th or they will proceed to wipe as many as 600 million apple devices for which they allegedly have passwords. 
The group said via email that it has had a database of about 519 million iCloud credentials for some time, but did not attempt to sell it until now. The interest for such accounts on the black market has been low due to security measures Apple has put in place in recent years, it said.

Since announcing its plan to wipe devices associated with iCloud accounts, the group claimed that other hackers have stepped forward and shared additional account credentials with them, putting the current number it holds at over 627 million.

According to the hackers, over 220 million of these credentials have been verified to work and provide access to iCloud accounts that don't have security measures like two-factor authentication turned on.
 
Of course, if credible, with an ask of just $150k, this is the most modest group of hackers we've ever come across.
Given the war that's erupted between the increasingly aggressive Turkish government and the EU, money may clearly not be the object here. Turkish PM Erdogan is clearly set on reconstructing the old Ottoman Empire and shivving Apple might just be part of the march.

Besides, Turkey is taking that recent coup attempt-- which is almost universally blamed on the CIA-- very personally.


Speaking of the EU, we've seen stories that Trump advisor Steve Bannon wants to dissolve the union. Which may be why Trump-adversary John McCain announced his unalloyed support for it- and the "New World Order" (his words, not mine):
The world "cries out for American and European leadership" through the EU and Nato, US senator John McCain said on Friday (24 March). 
In a "new world order under enormous strain" and in "the titanic struggle with forces of radicalism … we can't stand by and lament, we've got to be involved," said McCain, a former Republican presidential candidate who is now chairman of the armed services committee in the US Senate. 
Speaking at the Brussels Forum, a conference organised by the German Marshall Fund, a transatlantic think tank, he said that the EU and the US needed to develop "more cooperation, more connectivity". 
"I trust the EU," he said, defending an opposite view from that of US president Donald Trump, who said in January that the UK "was so smart in getting out" of the EU and that Nato was "obsolete". 
He said that the EU was "one of the most important alliances" for the US and that the EU and Nato were "the best two sums in history", which have maintained peace for the last 70 years. "We need to rely on Nato and have a Nato that adjusts to new challenges," he said.
Would McCain speak this way to a domestic audience? Of course not. Or maybe he would- I can't tell which way is up anymore. But either way it's good to know where he really stands.

Like McCain, China continues to sound a similar note of support for globalization, on which its very economic survival so desperately depends:
Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli told a gathering of Asian leaders that the world must commit to multilateral free trade under the World Trade Organization and needs to reform global economic governance. 
“The river of globalization and free trade will always move forward with unstoppable momentum to the vast ocean of the global economy,” Zhang said. China will remain a strong force in the world economy and for peace and stability, he said, adding that countries must respect one another’s core interests and refrain from undermining regional stability. 
I suppose this is why China is off the target list for our new Cold (?) Warriors.

I've resisted posting on all this because it's all so depressing. I've actually written a few pieces on this chicanery that I ended up roundfiling. But I suppose I just wanted to go on the record about all this skullduggery, for posterity's sake.



UPDATE: Sex trafficking arrests and trials continue to proliferate. Most recent bust, an international ring in Minnesota. There is way too much activity going down in too short a time for this to be spontaneous.


* Which is exactly why I refrained from commenting on it here for the most part, instead noting that it had become a kind of memetic virus in much the same way that the Franklin/Boy's Town scandal had in the 90s. (Note that prior to the election-- and Pizzagate-- Trump nemesis the Washington Post was all over the issue of sex trafficking in the nation's capital). 

† The ongoing legal and police actions coinciding with the moves to shut down the Pizzagate fringes on the Web seem like the exact kind of action one would expect if there were a serious operation at work. Shutting down the Internet chatter makes perfect sense in this context because it can only complicate cases made by prosecutors. 
          Helen Gahagan Douglas: She Who Must Be Waylaid   
“Helen Gahagan Douglas … had not the slightest interest in politics until the late 1930s. Her conversion was as dramatic as a first-act curtain in the theater.”
  Eleanor Roosevelt

Congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas, a former movie star and opera singer, was a principled beacon of liberal light following the death of FDR.
She had once played She Who Must Be Obeyed, and when she ran for Senate in California, Congressman Richard Nixon regarded her as She Who Must Be Waylaid.
---
Helen Gahagan Douglas
“While sitting in a Viennese coffeehouse with an English music critic who was a friend of several colleagues, the two discussed her new contract,” wrote Sally Denton in The Pink Lady: The Many Lives of Helen Gahagan Douglas. “Suddenly, the man leaned in conspiratorially and whispered, ‘Of course, Miss Gahagan, you are pure Aryan?’
“Helen felt sick to her stomach as the man attempted to recruit her to the Nazi cause. ‘Aryans such as we,’ he told her, ‘(have) a duty to defend the superior race against Jews.’ At first she couldn’t speak. Until that moment the perspective of Jews in the world was a purely abstract notion. Now, as the Englishman spouted the familiar rantings of Hitler and Goebbels while asking her to enlist the support of fellow Nazi sympathizers in America, she felt forever changed. Her ‘Irish blood at the boiling point,’ she tore up the contract and left for home.”
It didn’t help the English critic’s case that her husband, the film actor Melvyn Douglas, was a Jew.
---
But it was the Dust Bowl that really blew Helen Gahagan Douglas into politics.
Once upon a time, specifically in California during the Dust Bowl 1930s, those much-despised “illegal aliens” were American citizens who’d fled West.
“Confined to filthy camps, thousands of starving families were ‘herded about like animals,’ living without toilet or showers, while local officials and growers fought to keep the federal government from supplying the migrants with food and medical supplies, fearing that they would form permanent communities, join unions and, most significant, interfere with the cheap Mexican laborers they were shuttling across the border and paying slave wages,” wrote Denton.
 “Importing labor was far cheaper than establishing schools and health-care clinics for American migrant workers, so the growers used every method possible, including force, to get the migrants to move on.
“Helen and Melvyn had attended dinner parties at which the subject of the ‘Okies’ was raised and they were frequently appalled at the lack of compassion shown by many of their peers. They ‘listened with astonishment to people making comfortable statements about how the situation was exaggerated or that the migrants should stop being so lazy and dirty.’”
---
Guided by Eleanor Roosevelt, she became more involved in politics even as she became less involved in her marriage. After Melvyn started a serious affair with a co-star, they separated, but would never divorce.
“I suppose it is commonplace that most long-time couples divide areas of emotional response, even as they share responsibilities and material goods,” Melvyn said years later. “Certainly our friends, the Roosevelts, had done something like that.”
Rising in politics, Helen had few illusions about it. “I was raised in a household of dominating men, and I learned early that men guard their authority over women jealously,” Helen said. “As for politics, they sincerely believe public life to be a male bailiwick. They reason that men have been running the country for the past two hundred years and are meant to do so for centuries to come. In short, men would never share power with women willingly. If we wanted it, we would have to take it.”
---
Fighting a conservative tide to keep the liberal Henry Wallace vice president in 1944, Douglas gave an eloquent speech at the Democratic National Convention.
“The Democratic party is the true conservative party,” she said. “We have conserved hope and ambition in the hearts of our people. We are the conservative party. We have conserved the skills of their hands. We have husbanded our natural resources. We have saved millions of homes and farms from foreclosure and conserved the family stake in democracy.
“We have rescued banks and trust companies, insured crops and people's savings. We have built schools. We have checked the flooding rivers and turned them into power.
“We have begun a program to free men and women from the constant nagging fear of unemployment, sickness, accident—and the dread of insecure old age. We have turned a once isolated, flood-ravished, poverty-stricken valley, the home of four and a half million people, into what is now a productive, happy place to live—the Tennessee River Valley. We have replanted the forest, re-fertilized the soil. Ours is the conservative party.
“We have guarded children, protected them by labor laws, planned school-lunch programs, provided clinics. Ours is the conservative party. Ours is the party that has created laws which have given dignity and protection to the working men and women of this country. Ours is the party that has made the individual aware of the need for his participation in a true democracy. We are the conservative party.
“We have conserved the people's faith in a people's government—democracy.”
---
Elected to Congress in 1944, Douglas was often compared to her glamorous right-wing counterpart there, Clare Booth Luce, the playwright and wife of Time Inc. founder Henry Luce.
“Driving cross-country with her secretary Evie Chavoor, and a friend, Jarmila Marton, having decided to make the move to Washington by automobile, the women tuned the radio to a morning news broadcast,” Denton wrote. “They listened with amusement to the announcement that Helen had defeated Luce as one of the 10 best-dressed women in public life.
“The rookie congresswoman had broken a cap on her front tooth, leaving a gap and stump when she opened her mouth to smile. Evie ‘turned around and looked at Helen, and there she was in the back seat with her terrible sloppy pants on … huddled in a blanket, her hair all streaming down.’ The women howled with laughter, wishing a photographer could see her in such a state.”
Douglas understood, though, that the trivial focus on women’s looks was a means of undermining their power. “Congresswomen’s ideas should rate above their clothes and looks,” she said. “Why this emphasis on the sexes anyway, in a serious thing like government?”
“I never felt I left the stage,” Douglas said, and her clipped, powerful, theatrically trained voice was a great asset in politics.
But there was nothing phony about her, nothing fake. She was a proponent of what philosophers call “virtue ethics,” giving a fair summary of it in this quote: “Character isn’t inherited. One builds it daily by the way one thinks and acts, thought by thought, action by action. If one lets fear or hate or anger take possession of the mind, they become self-forged chains.”
---
The liberal and idealistic Douglas was waylaid by the rising, conniving and unprincipled Nixon, sounding an ugly theme that has echoed in American politics right into the 21stcentury.
Nixon’s dirty tactics — among them smearing Douglas as a Communist and sponsoring calls to ask voters if they were aware that her movie star husband was “a Jew” — earned him the apt, lifelong nickname Tricky Dick. But Douglas was also hampered by her own lofty idealism and California’s Chinatown-like civic corruption. And the times were against her, the 1950 election coinciding with both the rise of McCarthyism and the height of the Korean war.
“There was the United States fighting communism and I was the person who said we should limit the power of the military and try to disarm the world and get along with Russia,” Douglas said.
“The worst moment, a sight I couldn’t shake, was when children picked up rocks and threw them at my car, at me. I knew that in order to survive I would have to accept the rocks and the Nixon campaign, shrug them off and move on. I wondered if I would be able to do it.”
She was, finding herself exhausted but strangely calm after Nixon’s huge victory. “I was so pleased that I had escaped the terrible burden of hating Richard Nixon that I was almost elated,” she said.
Nixon, in later years, at least feigned regret over his behavior in the campaign. “Years later, asked by British publisher David Astor to explain his campaign tactics, Nixon reportedly ‘cast down his eyes with a look of modest contrition’ and explained, ‘I want you to remember that I was a very young man,’” wrote Anthony Summers in The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon. “In 1950, (Nixon) was 37 and a veteran of four years in the House of Representatives.”
Douglas summed it up simply: “There’s not much to say about the 1950 campaign, except that a man ran for Senate who wanted to get there, and didn’t care how he did it.”
After Nixon revealed his true character to the world in Watergate, and was driven from office in shame, Douglas had the last laugh. But she didn’t laugh. She mourned.
“If the national security is involved, anything goes,” she said in 1973. “There are no rules. There are people so lacking in roots about what is proper and improper that they don’t know there’s anything wrong in breaking into the headquarters of the opposition party.”
After Nixon’s resignation, a bumper sticker started appearing on vehicles throughout California: “Don’t Blame Me, I Voted for Helen Gahagan Douglas.”
Her secretary Nan Stevens said, “People rather expected that she would be gloating over Richard Nixon finally being found out, but she was only said. She thought it terrible for the country and for America’s reputation abroad. I know that makes her sound almost too good to be true, but she was good. I’m not saying Helen didn’t have feet of clay. But you had to look awfully hard to find her tiny clay feet.”
---
Douglas and her husband often led separate lives. She had an affair with, among others, Lyndon Baines Johnson, but became estranged from with him during his presidency over her support for disarmament and opposition to the escalating Vietnam War.
But Douglas and Melvyn were always good friends, and he made an impassioned radio speech for her during her doomed Senate campaign. “It is easier — as a matter of fact it is the easiest thing in the world — to call people of good will dirty names, to call them Communists,” he said.

Melvyn was at her side when she died of cancer in 1980, and he wrote, “She was entranced always by the light. In every house we ever occupied, she wanted the windows to be wider. She always thought no room could have too many windows … She was always saying, ‘Look at the light! Isn’t it beautiful? Shewas the light. And she was beautiful.’”

          William S. Paley: The Limits of Power   
In 1965, the new Eero Saarinen-designed building on 52nd Street at Sixth Avenue — swiftly dubbed “Black Rock” — was CBS President Frank Stanton’s baby.
“Consistent with his own taste in art, the furnishings and fixtures reflected a sleek, modern look,” wrote Lewis J. Paper in his book Empire: William S. Paley and the Making of CBS. “Glass, chrome and modern paintings dominated the interior space. Even the location and quantity of plants received careful consideration.
“The only exception to the master plan was (CBS Chairman of the Board Bill) Paley’s office. It continued to reflect his own (and very different) tastes. The French gaming table remained as his desk, rich paneling still adorned the walls, comfortable couches were placed strategically, exquisite paintings hung on the walls, and various artifacts — an old CBS microphone, the cigar-store Indian and later a photograph of Edward R. Murrow — all helped to provide a warmth that seemed even more pronounced because of its stark contrast with the rest of the building.”
But the urbane and sophisticated gourmet Paley had his own baby —a haute cuisine restaurant on the ground floor, eventually to be called The Ground Floor.
“The notion of owning a restaurant had always appealed to Paley, especially as the years went by,” Paper said. “Decades of culinary experience had only added to his knowledge and heightened his interest in planning a restaurant. It would, of course, have to feature the best in everything — from its design to the food to the service. Friends noticed the considerable energy he put into the restaurant — picking a name, shaping the décor and planning the menu.”
The interior design reflected the exterior of Black Rock, but the restaurant’s manager, Jerry Brody, thought that was a mistake. “He felt the building was too cold and stark for a restaurant,” Paper said. “Then there was the cost of the fixtures. Bill Paley wanted the best, but the cost made it that much more difficult for the restaurant to show a profit. All of which might have been overcome if the restaurant became popular, but Bill Paley’s zest for food was not matched by his success as a restaurateur.”
Brody suggested a northern European steakhouse, but Paley said no. It must be French cuisine.
“He went to France almost every year, knew the food and it would draw the right kind of customers — sophisticated people, those who appreciated the finer things. But all these plans and hopes and expectations could not guarantee results. No matter how much time Paley spent in the kitchen tasting the soups and other fare (which he did almost every day), The Ground Floor did not produce the business that Bill Paley wanted, that he felt he deserved.”
In 1968, restaurant critic Gael Greene described the chilly ambience. “The Ground Floor is a perfect room to end an affair in,” she wrote. “The tables are far enough apart to announce the break in a firm voice, and the ambiance is stern enough to discourage sloppy emotionalism.”
“But Boss Paley mingles with everyday folk in the dining room. Leonard Lyons moves through the grill, antennae clicking off the celebrities du jour – Donald Pleasence, Sloan Simpson, an author or two drinking breakfast. And good grief! Bob Dylan’s manager Albert Grossman tieless, unjacketed, grizzled gray locks to the shoulder, Ben Franklin specs … the oldest hippie in the world. Mostly, though, the grill is lined with youngish executives expense-accounting each other. Restrained, subdued: That is not a bar to get sloppy drunk in … not a room to unlax in.”
“It was a never-ending source of frustration,” Paper wrote. “He knew food, he knew New York City and yet he could not make the kind of mystical connection to customers that he had made with his programming. And those who confronted him with the obvious truth proceeded at their peril.
“There was the time, for example, when Stanton, Fred Friendly and Bill Leonard met with Paley one afternoon shortly after The Ground Floor had opened. Paley asked the three executives if they had eaten at the restaurant. In fact, they had all just eaten there — and thought it was terrible. Neither Stanton nor Friendly dared to speak the truth, though. They mumbled that it was fine, just fine. But Bill Leonard loved food as much as Paley, and the two of them had spent many occasions passing away hours discussing food. Leonard could not compromise the truth on so important a matter, and he blurted out, ‘It was awful. The food was terrible. Fred had a fish dish and got sick. The service was bad and the prices were way out of line.’
“As Leonard continued, on and on, the color started to drain from Stanton’s face, and the effect on Paley was obvious.
“‘It was as though I had said his mother had been caught with a young man,’ said Leonard. The meeting ended more quickly than anyone had anticipated, and the phone was ringing for Friendly almost as soon as he and Leonard returned to the news offices on West Fifty-seventh Street. Friendly reported that it was Stanton with a message for the deputy news chief.
“‘Tell Leonard,’ said Stanton, ‘that he has just set the News Division back 10 years. He’s wrecked everything. All Paley can talk about now is the restaurant.’”
“All he wanted, he told friends in 1965, was a simple place where a secretary could go downstairs and have lunch for seven or eight dollars,” David Halberstam wrote in the Atlantic. “His pleasure was enormous when the restaurant finally opened, and his disappointment equal when it was not a wild success. At one point Paley, puzzled by the lack of its success, turned to the restaurateur running it for him, Jerry Brody, and suggested that they might try a supper club for those who eat around 11 p.m., something that Paley liked to do after an evening of concerts or theater.
“ ‘Bill,’ said Brody, ‘there ain’t no supper business in this town.’
“ ‘No?’ answered Paley, puzzled. ‘Why not?’
“ ‘Because everyone’s home watching the tube.’”
Paley’s restaurant evolved into the Ground Floor Café, the American Charcuterie and then the sixth incarnation of the venerable Rose Restaurant. Today the location offers the haute Asian fusion of the China Grill.
---
Who was Paley? The son of an Eastern European Jewish immigrant to Chicago who’d started a successful cigar company, William S. Paley was, by 1928, a young man looking to make a mark in a young industry, broadcasting.
He’d received a million dollars worth of stock in the Congress Cigar Company, and wanted to use part of it to buy a controlling interest in New York-based UIB, the United Independent Broadcasters, a rival to the industry leader, NBC. But he couldn’t do that without his father’s approval.
“After thinking it over, Sam told his son that he approved of the UIB purchase, that Bill should use $400,000 of his stock funds to buy (Jerome) Louchheim’s interest, and that the family would contribute another $100,000,” wrote Paper. “Paley was delighted and surprised, but most of all surprised. He had convinced himself that Sam would never release him from the cigar business, and he could not resist asking his father why he had yielded. Sam replied that it was all a matter of good business sense. ‘Well,’ he told Bill, ‘if you succeed, it’ll be a bigger business than what you’re in now; and if you don’t succeed,’ his father added, ‘you will have had a lot of experience which might be very useful in the cigar business and to me, and so, on balance, I think you ought to try it.’”
After some hard bargaining, Paley succeeded in securing 50.3 percent of UIB’s stock for $503,000, the day before his 27th birthday.
“Paley was no doubt excited when he arrived at UIB’s office on an upper floor in the tower of the Paramount Building in midtown Manhattan. But the reception was something less than he had hoped for. A stocky office boy refused to admit the boyish-looking president, demanding to see credentials and to know the purpose of his visit.”
The purpose of his visit was to run the company for several decades, as soon as he changed its name to CBS.
---
Programming was always Paley’s first love at CBS, and his desire for both quality and profits wasn’t easy to satisfy. In Paper’s book, programming chief Mike Dann recalled that day in the 1960s when he entered Paley’s office to deliver the good news that CBS now had nine of the top 10 daytime programs. Paley’s response was, “That damn NBC always hangs in there for one.”
Paley’s programming instincts may have been strong, but they weren’t infallible. In the late 1950s, Paley “…rejected any suggestion that the network make use of Ian Fleming’s stories about James Bond, believing that the American public would have no interest in the escapades of a British spy,” Paper wrote.
---
Shaken by CBS’s extremely costly debacle in experimental color television, Paley seemingly lost his nerve. The sure, instinctive executive touch was gradually replaced by indecision. His confidence about programming also suffered.
“Paley was too far removed from his audience,” wrote Sally Bedell Smith in her Paley biography In All His Glory. “For decades, he led a rarified life. He did not carry cash, never stood in line, and each morning his faithful valet Dean knotted his tie. Early in 1977, after CBS acquired Woman’s Day magazine as part of its Fawcett Publications purchase, Paley asked Jack Purcell, president of CBS Publishing, ‘Who would buy this? It’s nothing but recipes.’ Purcell told him that eight million women bought the magazine every three weeks. Paley was amazed. ‘Where do they go to buy it?’ he said. ‘Supermarkets,’ said Purcell, who could tell by Paley’s quizzical look that the CBS chairman had never been in that kind of store. Purcell subsequently took Paley to a supermarket on the West Side. After walking all around the store to inspect the displays, Paley stood transfixes as women moved through the check-out lines buying Woman’s Day or Family Circle.”
But while he may never have been a man of the people, Paley’s principled and fairly consistent support for the independence of CBS News set a journalistic standard that ultimately benefited the American public at large.
---
Whatever his private misgivings, if any, Paley backed Edward R. Murrows nation-rattling broadcast expose of the fascist Sen. Joe McCarthy’s witch hunts in 1954, in a show that risked reprisals against his own network. Murrow biographer A.M. Sperber noted that, “In the morning there had been a  call from Paley: He’d be with Ed tonight and tomorrow as well — a personal gesture for which Murrow was understandably grateful.  Paley also urged Murrow to offer McCarthy reply time on the air: Beat him to the punch,he said.”
---
The charming and aloof Paley’s central position at CBS during decades when CBS was central to American society seemed to make him something more than self-centered. After decades of such power, Paley finally seemed to regard even mortality as just another problem to be solved by an executive decision.
In 1974, his wife Babe was diagnosed with lung cancer. “Bill Paley … now faced the prospect that his 58-year-old wife could die, leaving him, alone in his old age,” wrote Smith. “His perfectly constructed world threatened to unravel. Paley, so accustomed to controlling virtually every aspect of his existence, worked furiously to conquer Babe’s illness. ‘He was motivated by concern for her,’ recalled Kidder Meade. ‘But he also was confronted by something he couldn’t control. He had an extreme impatience of any failure.’”
“The idea of Babe dying was a terrible shock to me,” Paley said. “I had such faith in myself and believed that, somehow, I was going to beat the rap.”

He didn’t. When his wife died in 1978, Paley sank into two years of depression and disorientation, once complaining to a friend, “My memory is so poor now. I can’t even remember whom I sat next to at dinner last night.”

          Adiposity in relation to age at menarche and other reproductive factors among 300 000 Chinese women: findings from China Kadoorie Biobank study   
Abstract
Background: Adiposity is increasing rapidly in China but little is known about the relevance to it of women’s reproductive factors, which differ inter-generationally and from that in the West. We assess associations of adiposity with life-course reproductive factors in Chinese women.Methods: In 2004–08, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank recruited 303 000 women aged 30–79 (mean 50) years from 10 diverse regions. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine associations of reproductive factors (e.g. age at menarche/first birth/menopause, parity, breastfeeding and reproductive years) with measures of general [e.g. body mass index (BMI)] and central [e.g. waist circumference (WC)] adiposity in adulthood.Results: Overall, the mean BMI was 23.7 (standard deviation 3.3) kg/m2, mean age at menarche was 15 (2) years and nearly all had given birth (99%) and breastfed children (98%). Adiposity was associated inversely with age at menarche and at first birth, with 0.19 and 0.05 kg/m2 lower BMI and 0.38 and 0.12 cm lower WC per 1-year delay respectively (P < 0.001). Among 128 259 post-menopausal women, adiposity was associated positively with age at menopause and reproductive years, with 0.05 and 0.07 kg/m2 higher BMI and 0.12 and 0.17 cm higher WC per 1-year increase, respectively (P < 0.001). The proportion with overweight/obesity had similar associations with these reproductive factors. Adiposity had a non-linear positive association with parity, but no association with breastfeeding duration.Conclusion: Among Chinese women, earlier age at menarche and at first birth, later age at menopause and longer reproductive years were independently associated with increased adiposity late in life.

          Comment on Financial Case Study: Joanna, Online English Teacher by Sasha   
Great to hear from another online English teacher living their dreams! My wife and I taught in China for over 5 years and moved to online teaching last year to be able to travel more. I can't say I blame you for wanting to stay in Chiang Mai. It's a great city with lots to offer. You're right about Thai immigration being tough. We had the same issue in Bali. That's why we're now in Mexico where US citizens can stay 6 months at a time. So much easier than visa runs every month!
          Cohort Profile: A study of influenza immunity in the urban and rural Guangzhou region of China: the Fluscape Study   
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          Poor Girl Was Unwilling Fuck In Public Matsuoka China   
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          Woman throws coins into plane engine for ‘good luck,’ delays flight for hours   
Bad weather, crowded skies and military drills...and now add coin-tossing to the growing list of reasons for China's notorious flight delays.
          Apple venderá sus iPhone con China Mobile, el mayor operador telefónico del mundo   
Apple da un paso de gigante en China al aliarse con el principal operador del pas y del mundo. La firma estadounidense de telfonos mviles ... tags: AppledelMobilemundooperadorsusTelecomunicacionesApple venderá sus iPhone con China Mobile, el mayor operador telefónico del mundo
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          Pulizia macchina Caffè Faema E61    
Autore: light732, Ultimo aggiornamento: 26/05/2017 21:24
          Oil Falls Below $94 a Barrel on U.S. Holiday   

By Pablo Gorondi

The price of oil fell Monday as traders concerned about global energy demand took profits ahead of economic data from China and the United States.

By early afternoon in Europe, benchmark oil for July delivery was down 56 cents to $93.59 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract fell 10 cents to $94.15 a barrel on Friday. ...


          Toronto's Million Dollar Homes are HOT   
The luxury market in the Greater Toronto Area was very active during the first seven months of the year. Sales of properties over $3 million increased 119 per cent year-over-year. The increase of sales at the top-end of the luxury market can be attributed to two factors.

One is overall price appreciation in both markets, driven by low inventory and high demand for single-family homes that has led to more homes meeting the higher dollar threshold. A second factor is high demand for luxury homes from foreign buyers in both markets. 

Two demographics make up the majority of buyers in Toronto’s luxury market.  One is families with older children and parents with professional jobs who have built up enough equity in their previous home to upgrade. The second are families from outside of Canada, primarily China, with school-aged children. These buyers typically choose four or five-bedroom homes and are strongly influenced by proximity to good schools.


http://download.remax.ca/PR/HMO2016/Report/REMAXHousingMarketOutlook2016.pdf#20561241

Average sales prices now exceed $600,000 for a detached home.  Our year over year gain for 2015 is expected to be at or near 10%

Canada Mortgage and housing has introduced new rules for additional down payments requiring 10% down after the $500k threshold.   I doubt these measures will have any effect to slow sales.

Rates continue sub inflation
Inventory Remains Low
Immigration for Jobs and Safe Haven Continues

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          Seeming Down and Out, Coal Has a Rich Future   

NEW YORK TheStreet -- Coal companies were one of the worst-performing industries in 2012. This can be tied to decreasing demand for coal in the U.S. thanks to cheaper and increasingly abundant natural gas. While domestic coal demand was down in 2012 and not likely to rebound in 2013, the coal story looks much different in other countries.

China has become the largest importer of coal with fellow emerging-market country Indonesia recently becoming the second-largest importer. While estimates for future, foreign demand vary widely, the International Energy Agency is calling for coal to "come close to surpassing oil" for the world's largest energy source by 2017.

These sorts of predictions are often subject to revisions and updates but it is clear that even if demand continues to decline in the U.S. there are many emerging markets where it will increase. ...

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          Cramer's 'Mad Money' Recap: China's Importance   

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NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- China is more important than we are, according to Jim Cramer. He told "Mad Money" viewers Thursday that positive news out of China was all it took to lift our slumping markets. ...

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          Road across a rooftop in China   
Chinese come up with innovative solution to traffic jams and build a road across the roof of a four-storey building.
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La famiglia Lomography si allarga con una nuova macchina fotografica destinata a lasciare il segno, la Lomo'Instant Automat Glass è una macchina fotografica istantanea con l’obiettivo grandangolare...
          Get Various High Quality Power Inverter Wholesale at Power Jack Electric (Fujian)   
This is very much important to be aware about the reliability of the company before purchasing *[high quality power inverter wholesale][1]*. Power Jack Electric in China is one of the leading Inverter manufacturers. It is one of the competent enterprises ...
          china importing   
[+2] Discussion by alesix on 09/07/05 7:13 AM Replies: 3 Views: 2,011
Tags: Business And Marketing, China, Logistics, China Importing
Last Post by moody003 on 02/03/14 12:41 AM
          Importing Baby products from China to Africa   
[+2] Discussion by babysangel on 06/18/08 1:12 PM Replies: 7 Views: 3,503
Tags: Africa, Business And Marketing, China, Importing, Logistics
Last Post by monbasala on 10/27/10 11:25 AM
          importing bags from china help   
[0] Discussion by jvg on 10/11/05 8:56 AM Replies: 7 Views: 3,031
Tags: Business And Marketing, China, Importing, Logistics, Bags From China
Last Post by Green Witch on 10/27/10 10:07 AM
          IMPORTING FROM CHINA TO US   
[0] Discussion by n2n on 02/16/05 4:10 AM Replies: 12 Views: 9,094
Tags: Business And Marketing, China, Usa, Importing From China, Logistics
Last Post by mals on 06/13/10 6:20 PM
          Importing from China to USA   
[0] Question by amdgadget on 11/24/08 9:40 PM Replies: 2 Views: 1,553
Tags: China, Business, Importing, Logistics
Last Post by clzlinzhi on 12/09/08 8:48 PM
          When sperm didn't meet ovum   
China and Iran: two ways to do family planning.
          Tiga Wakil Indonesia Tumbang di Babak Pertama   

MULHEIM AN DER RUHR – Ganda putra Indonesia, Bona Septano/Afiat Yuris melaju ke babak kedua usai menyingkirkan pasangan Jerman, Fabian Holzer/Beck Raphael melalui pertarungan dua set, 21-16 dan 21-13 di ajang German Open Grand Prix Gold 2013.
 
Langkah serupa juga diraih ganda putri Indonesia, Variella Aprilsasi/Vita Marissa yang menyisihkan wakil Belgia, Steffi Annys/Severine Corvilain lewat straight set, 21-15, dan 21-12.
 
Tak mau kalah, tunggal putri Indonesia, Aprilia Yuswandari juga memastikan diri tampil di babak kedua setelah mengandaskan perlawanan pebulutangkis tuan rumah, Karin Schnaase melalui rubber set, 21-14, 20-22, dan 21-15.
 
Seolah tak ingin ketinggalan, ganda campuran Merah Putih, Fran Kurniawan/Shendy Irawati juga lolos dari babak pertama usai mengalahkan pasangan Malaysia, Aik Quan/Pei Jing dengan dua set langsung, 13-21, dan16-21.
 
Sayangnya, tiga wakil Indonesia lainnya yakin, Bellaetrix Manuputi, Wisnu Yuli Prasetyo serta pasangan Yonathan Suryatama/Hendra Aprida tidak mampu mengikuti jejak rekannya yang lain.
 
Bellaetrix Manuputi yang tampil di nomor tunggal putri harus tersingkir setelah takluk dua seta langsung dari pebulutangkis China, Wang Yihan dengan 17-21, dan 19-21. Sementara itu, Wisnu Yuli Prasetyo disisihkan Chou Tien Chen dari China Taipei lewat straight set, 20-22, dan 13-21.
 
Yonathan Suryatama/Hendra Aprida harus tunduk dari ganda putra Inggris, Peter Mills/Chris Langridge melalui pertarungan tiga set, 21-15, 13-21 dan 23-25.
 
(win)






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          "If you don’t like the way food looks, you can’t eat it"   
Pau Esculies is a Spanish photographer based in Barcelona. His amazing eye for culinary art together with his sensitive perspective of colour and his capacity to highlight the natural beauty of ingredients are making him one of the most sought-after food photographers in the country. He has been kind enough to talk to this blog.

Pau Esculies photography



What made you go for Gastronomic Photography?
When I was a child I wanted to be a photographer or a cook. I feel attracted to the creativity and the artistic inspiration linked to both professions. I started to work in photography in general, advertising, interiors and decoration, and little by little I began to specialised in gastronomy.

Which is your favourite restaurant in the world?
I don’t need to go far... It’s in Girona, one hour from Barcelona. It’s el Celler de Can Roca (world best restaurant 2013), for their quality and excellence. I really admire them, and I identify with their phylosophy of tradition and modernity. I had the chance to go there regularly during the season to take pictures and to try their new creations even before they were served to the public!

You have been to many destinations very different as far as cuisine is concerned, Morocco, China, France... as a photographer, what is what you appreciate the most when travelling?
The experience of becoming part of a new place and being able to put myself in the local people’s shoes and sharing the authentic and popular foods. This allows me to take the most real images of the local cuisine. Moreover, in this way I can know the history and costumes of the place without visiting the historical and touristy spots.

Pau Esculies photography


Have you studied photography or are you a self-taught photographer? Are you a full-time photographer?
I learnt things at the Photography School IEFC in Barcelona, also working as an assistant for various photographers, and on my own. And yes, at the moment I work exclusively in photography.

Would you say that the appearance of food is really important?
Absolutely, I have no doubts. If you don’t like the way food looks, you can’t eat it, and the other way round works too. That’s what “holistic” cuisine is about. They also take this into account in the Asian cuisine, concretely in the Japanese, every food is served in a specific dish depending on colour, form,  texture, etc, it’s great!

Which are your influences or references in your work?
I am a consumer of cooking magazines and books, like Jamie Oliver’s, Food&Travel, Saveur, Elle à Table, Donna Hay, Descobrir Cuina or Marabout among many others. They are very inspirational, sometimes they surprise me and they give me many ideas for my photographs.

What did you feel when you became shortlisted for the Pink Lady Food Photography Award?
That I am not doing it so bad (laughs), and I also feel a great joy when I think that my work is recognised by great professionals at an international competition.

Have you always being an advocate of healthy food?
When I was a child, at home the basis of our diet was vegetables; locally produced natural products, we rejected the industrialised foods.
Currently I like to work in healthy cooking projects, with chefs and nutritionists that support a healthy and more conscious living. This way my work makes sense.

What’s what you take into account the most when you are creating a photograph? Are you a food stylist as well?
I like team work, the chefs and food stylists that I work with are the creators of the dishes, then I am responsible for taking a good picture in the best way so that it highlights the beauty of their creation.
I also like to go to the market and choose the products myself to then go back to the studio and setting up still lifes. Choosing the right product is very important to create a good photograph.
For me, a good photography is to make food looking delicious, tempting. Achieving that just by looking at it you want to eat it and you can almost smell it or feel it. That’s my job. 


Pau Esculies photography

What would you advice to somebody who wants to start a career as a food photographer? Do you work in other fields too?
I think that one has to do and pursue what they want and like. From there it’s just a matter of effort and being constant, then luck comes.
90% of my commissions are related to gastronomy, the rest are other projects like advertising images, interiors or portraits.  

Is Spain today the Mecca of gastronomy?
(Laughs), the Mecca sounds too much, I don’t think that just one place is the centre of the world gastronomy.
The Mecca may be not, but sure it is a global reference together with so many other places in the world.
Here there is El Celler de Can Roca, considered this year the best restaurant of the world, Adrià’s Bulli was a few years ago, then Carme Ruscalleda, who is the female chef with more Michelin stars in the world. And there are also innovative chefs in the natural and healthy cuisine, like Montse Vallory or Christine Mayr, together with the nutritionists of Etselquemenges.com.
It is fortunate to have chefs of this level here since we all profit from it.

Finally, which are your future projects?
Now I am focused on my current commissions, I guess these will lead to other projects in the future, it always works like that.
Therefore, I will keep on working; I really like my food photographer job and travelling, always trying to enjoy the little things in life.
I hope many high-quality international magazines, editorials and restaurants call me to publish with them and keep on working and travelling and doing interesting projects around food, healthy food if possible.

Pau Esculies photography






          สุดยอด ทำเลค้าขาย ตลาดนัด-เปิดท้าย 99แห่ง ในกทม.   
สุดยอด ทำเลค้าขาย ตลาดนัด-เปิดท้าย 99แห่ง ในกทม.
เดี๋ยวนี้ใครก็อยากจะทำอาชีพส่วนตัวกันมากขึ้น เหตุเพราะงานหายากขึ้น หรือเดี๋ยวนี้ คนไทยที่ทำงานอายุมากขึ้นก็เบื่ออยากทำอะไรเป็นของส่วนตัวมีอิสระ มากกว่านะ แต่ทำเลค้าขายนี่ซิหายากมากๆ  กว่าจะไปควานหากันก็ต้องเดินทางกันไม่หวาดไม่ไหวครับ ไปพบข้อมูลดี นายเหลือเลยอยากเอา มาฝากและให้กำลังใจ ทำอะไรไม่ท้อ ก็จะประสพความสำเร็จได้ครับ ทำเลค้าขายที่เอามาให้ดูนี้มาจาก หลายแห่งในกรุงเทพ ส่วนใหญจะเป็นตลาดนัด เปิดท้ายขายของ ต่างๆลองดูนะครับ
 
หลังสวน ซ.1 คุณพิสิทธิ์ โทร 0899960320, 0816434969
หลังสวน ซ.5 คุณเปิ้ล โทร 0819341288
สาทร (ข้างอาคารไอทย ซี ซี) คุณส้ม โทร 0814272927
สาทร (ตึก วาย เอ็ม ซี เอ) คุณจิ๋ม โทร 0816276497
อาหารสินสาทร (ฝั่งธนฯ) คุณฝน โทร 0818201970
สาทร ซ.3 สวนพลู ติดต่อที่ร้านได้ทุกวัน ณ สถานที่
สีลม ซอย 10 ITF คุณประเทือง โทร 0816941536
สีลม ซอย 108 พันเก้า คุณจุ้ย โทร 0818998016
สีลม ซอยพิพัฒน์ คุณสิทธานต์ โทร 0818055688, 022331861
อาคารวรวัฒน์ คุณป้อ โทร 0816542718
United Center สีลม ฝ่ายอาคาร โทร 022311100 ต่อ 405
อาคารไทยศรีซุริค คุณป้อ โทร 0816542720
ซอยศาลาแดง คุณเอียด โทร 0894144735 , 0866160197
ซอยศาลาแดง เยื้องแอนคาเฟ่ คุณหญิง โทร 0813250073 , 0891050773
สีลม หน้าอาคารศรีวรวัฒน์ คุณอวยพร โทร 026352195-8
สีลมคอมเพล็กซ์ คุณเพ็ญ โทร 026321199 ต่อ 136
ตึก ซ๊ พี (C.P.) สีลม ฝ่ายอาคาร โทร 026382181
สุรวงศ์ (อาคารไทยสงวน) คุณป้อ โทร 0816542719
เพลินจิตร (ตรงข้ามเซ็นทรัล) คุณณี ติดต่อ 10.00 น. วันจันทร์ 9.30 น.
เพลินจิตร (ข้าง ธ.กรุงศรีอยุธยา) เจ๊วารี ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
เพชรบุรี (ข้างตึกแกรนด์) คุณลพ โทร 0816828075
เพชรบุรี (ตรงข้ามโมนาลิซ่า) คุณสุชาติ โทร 0816972725
เพชรบุรี (ตึกอิตาเลี่ยนไทย) คุณเปิ้ล คุณภาสพงษ์ โทร 0819347701 0813150450 ขายวันที่ 31 1 2
อาคารชาญอิสระ ถ.เพชรบุรี คุณสุชาดา โทร 023082020
อาคารวานิช ถ.เพชรบุรี ต่อต่อก่อน 10.00 น. ได้ทุกวัน ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
เพชรอโศก ข้าง (GMM) คุณมล โทร 0816903619
อาคารเสริมมิตร ถ.อโศก ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 02xxxxxxx ต่อ 1000
ตึก Q House (ถ.อโศก) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 022642247, 022642245
ซ.ครูฉวี ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 022944970
คลองตัน (UM Tower) คุณอ้อย โทร 027198251
ตึก DTAC คุณผึ้ง โทร 0816219819 ต้องทำหนังสือขอพื้นที่ชาย
ซ.สุขุมวิท 16 (ปลาวาฬ) คุณสมาน โทร 022588968
ซ.สุขุมวิท 1 (นานา) คุณประกิต โทร 022542163
ตึกมิชลิน คุณพัชร โทร 026150202 ต่อ 52
เบอร์รี่ยุกเกอร์ คุณแซค โทร 0898880022
ซ.อารีย์ คุณหนิง โทร 0814988610
อาคาร SSP (เอกมัย) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
ซ.รามคำแหง 26/1 คุณโสภา โทร 023741200
อาคาร U COM (ถ.วิภาวดีรังสิต) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
บางนาทาวเวอร์ (ก.ม.7) ถ.บางนา คุณสมชาติ โทร 0812117978
บางนา (นสพ.เนชั่น) ถ.บางนา คุณณัฐ โทร 0816251818
กองสลากเอกมัย ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ ขายฟรี จันทร์-ศุกร์
แจ้งวัฒนะ ช.5 ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
นสพ.ไทยรัฐ คุณสุวรรณี โทร 022751630 ต่อ 1171
อาคารทิปโก้ (สี่แยกประดิพัทธ์) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
รัชดา (เมืองไทยคอมเพล็กซ์) คุณแพรว โทร 0816236820
รัชดา (เมืองไทยคอมเพล็กซ์) คุณจอย โทร 0819046553, 0816386589
รัชดา (เมืองไทยคอมเพล็กซ์) คุณหน่อย โทร 022779826
อสมท. คุณพร โทร 0895357945
ตึก อาร์ เอส รัชดา คุณหญิง โทร 0813250773
อาคารชำนาญเพ็ญชาติ คุณนุ โทร 0895140556 , 0814205806
อาคารชำนาญเพ็ญชาติ คุณส้ม โทร 0814205806
อาคารชินวัตร 3 (ถ.วิภาวดีรังสิต) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
อาคาร ซัน ทาวเวอร์ (ถ.วิภาวดีรังสิต) คุณปุ๋ย ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่
แจ้งวัฒนะ (ข้างกระทรวงยุติธรรม) คุณอ้อย โทร 0818896921
อาคารจัสมิน คุณเจี๊ยบ คุณเปิ้ล โทร 0818228446 , 0818150450
กสท. (ถ.แจ้งวัฒนะ) คุณวนิดา โทร 0818550226, 025063612
ตึกว่องวานิช (ถ.พระราม9) คุณน้อง โทร 0818299161
ตึก KPN (ถ.พระราม 9) คุณฝน โทร 0818201970
ทสท. (ถ.แจ้งวัฒนะ) คุณวันทนา โทร 025051056, 025053306-7
ธนาคาร ธกส. นางเลิ้ง ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ ทุกวันพุธ
เมืองทองธานี (ต้นประดู่) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ 025035033 ต่อ 0017, 6021
ธ.ออมสิน คุณเฉลียง โทร 0892325017 วันพฤหัส 80 บาท
อาคารล๊อคซ์เลย์ (คลองเตย) คุณอ๊อด โทร 081987 0797
สโมสรการบินไทย คุณจันทร์เพ็ญ โทร 025452536 เดือนละ 4วัน ตี4-6โมงเช้า
การบินไทย คุณไพบูลย์ โทร 025452535
สโมสรการท่า (ดอนเมือง) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 025353998 025351205 จันทร์ พุธ ศุกร์
กรมชล ไฟฟ้า ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ 0869792380
กรมศุลกากร คุณวันชัย โทร 026677131
การประปานครหลวง (ถ.ประชาชื่น) คุณมนตรี โทร 025040123 ต่อ 870 0816109313 วันที่ 16,28 ของเดือน
สหภาพ ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 025039935
การไฟฟ้า (สนง.ใหญ่เพลินจิตร) คุณกรรณิกา โทร 022205816-7 เวลา 11.00-13.00น. 500บาท/วัน
การไฟฟ้า (สนง.ใหญ่เพลินจิตร) คุณณรงค์ โทร 024360000 024363646 เวลา 8.00-16.00น. 500บาท/วัน
กรมที่ดิน (หนองจอก) คุณจุรี โทร 025432274
กรมศุลกากร (คลองเตย) คุณนิตยา คุณราตรี โทร 0813854774(ห้องอาหาร) 0896771357(ห้องสโมสร)
ปตท. วิภาวดีรังสิต คุณธร คุณเป้า คุณยาย คุณตุ่ม โทร 0873056258 0865704350 0817560485 0894439775
หลังกทม. (เสาชิงช้า) คุณชลอ โทร 0816178609 028680071
การไฟฟ้า (ถ.งามวงศ์วาน) คุณอนุวัฒน์ คุณสุชิน โทร 025890100-2 ต่อ 5369 5325
โรงงายาสูบ (พระราม4) คุณตุ่ม โทร 0818062998
บ.คอสโม กรุ๊ป คุณรัชนี โทร 023112131 023310073 (ทำหนังสือขออนุญาติก่อน)
ธ.ไทยพาณิชย์ สนง.ใหญ่ คุณภาสพงษ์ โทร 0819347701
อาคารพญาไท พลาซ่า คุณอรุณี คุณป้อ โทร 0815642718
Bank of China ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 0898856071
อาคารศรีภิญโญ (ข้าง รพ.เดชา) ติดต่อ ณ สถานที่ โทร 0815642718
ตลาดนัดสัญจร (ตึก BB) ม.ประสานมิตร โทร 0816347645
อาคารพหลโยธินเพลส คุณบุญเสริม โทร 0813505180
อาคารศุลกากร (คลองเตย) คุณนิตยา โทร 0816493872
อาคาร sv (ถ.พระราม3) คุณนิตยา โทร 0816493873
อาคารศรีจุลทรัพย์  คุณนิตยา โทร 0816493874
อาคารมโนรม (ถ.พระราม4) คุณตุ่ม โทร 0818062998
ฮ่องกงพลาซ่า (ถ.นราธิวาส) คุณนิตยา คุณประเสริฐ โทร 0816493975 0898856071
อาคาร CDG (ถ.นางเลิ้ง) คุณเล็ก โทร 026780020 ต่อ 2973
สมาคมผู้สื่อข่าว (ถ.สามเสน) คุณเปิ้ล โทร 0813150450
โรงพยาบาลพระมงกุฏ เจ๊เล็ก โทร 0813272840 0896651606
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ผู้ประกอบการ SMEs และแฟรนไชส์ หลายท่านมีสินค้ามากมาย ต้องการลงตลาดนัด หรือ กระจายสินค้าออกไปในวงกว้าง แต่ยังไม่รู้ว่าจะเริ่มติดต่ออย่างไร? มีตลาดนัดที่ไหนทำเลดีๆบ้าง? ข้อมูลในหน้านี้ ก็ถือว่าเป็นฐานข้อมูล ทำเลค้าขายให้ท่านบางส่วนนะคะ ช่วยๆกันจ้า สินค้าของท่านยังมีโอกาสขายได้อีกเยอะ หากเรามีข้อมูล และรู้ช่องทางในการทำการตลาด ทาง ThaiSMEfranchise ขอเป็นกำลังใจ และเอาใจช่วยพ่อค้าแม่ขายทุกท่านนะคะ ทุกอย่างถ้าเราทำอย่างตั้งใจ รับรองขายดีเป็นเทน้ำเทท่าแน่ๆค่ะ หากเน้นเป็นพื้นที่ให้เช่า หรือ ต้องการเปิดร้าน เช่าสถานที่ แนะนำเว็บนี้ค่ะ http://www.thaifranchisecenter.com/forumboard/index.php?board=10.0 รวมพื้นที่ให้เช่าเต็มๆเลยจ้า แบ่งตามเขต ตามโซน ค้นหาง่ายดีค่ะ
ข้อมูลจาก http://www.thaifranchisecenter.com/forumboard/index.php?topic=2228.0

ที่มา
 http://www.9leang.com/?p=5958
          NEWS MERCATO AUTO | Re: Le auto del 2012 che adotteranno il nuovo gas clima HFO1234yf R1234yf   
RAGAZZI... Immagine VEDREMO SE QUESTO GAS IN FUTURO CONTINUI NEL COMMERCIO!!! e UN GAS INFIAMMABILE!!! IMMAGINATE UN TAMPONAMENTO LIEVE CON PERDITA DI GAS DAL CONDENSATORE... MAH... PENSATE SE SI INCENDIA LA MACCHINA!!! Immagine

Statistiche : Inviato di omar-to - il lunedì 4 marzo 2013, 12:50 - Risposte 9 - Visite 1491

          E' PER TE.'   

E' un pò che non scrivo per te. Perchè sai che ti voglio bene, e quando hai bisogno di qualcosa...sai dove trovarmi...


Io lo sò che la vita è una donna stronza dalla quale non riesci a staccarti... io lo sò che è difficile incamminarsi quando il sentiero appare ombroso. Lo sò perchè ci sono anche io. Nella strada parallela alla tua, quella che non si incrocerà mai ma che dal posto dove si trova riesce a vederti...
Ho imparato che prima di agire bisogna sbollire...far passare la rabbia come fosse il lampo al quale segue il tuono; bisogna fermarsi un attimo..a volte..nella vita..quando non si sà bene cosa accade. Bisogna avere il coraggio, la forza di contare fino a 10...per vedere che succede quando il cuore rallenta..
Aspettare. A volte per agire bisogna aspettare. Perchè quando si fanno delle stronzate non sempre si esce puliti. Ci si incasina sempre di più..come un domino...un pezzo fa cadere l'altro fino a quando non rimane più niente.
E così io, amico caro, credo che tu sia sull'orlo di una crisi di nervi. Credo che l'amore a lungo andare sia stato soppresso dalla gelosia, dalla rabbia, dalla diffidenza.

E allora..che fare? fossi qui ce ne saremo andati a bere...ti avrei fatto bere fino a vomitare..avremmo preso la macchina e ci saremmo imbucati in quale strada atea..in
uno di quei vicoli dove l'amore non esiste..e avremo gridato alle puttane..avremo suonato il clancson..ridendo..con ancora in mano una beks...
poi saremmo andati in giro tutta la notte fino a fermarci a guardare l'alba..fumando una sigaretta... ti avrei guardato ubriaco mentre cerchi di cancellare l'amarezza...
E giuro che senza dire una parola ti avrei riaccompagnato a casa.
Io credo che la felicità stia nel mezzo..non quando passi la tua vita a cercare qualcosa che non esiste mentra ti devasti il cervello e il fegato..ne tanto meno quando finisci chirichetto in qualche chiesa borghese del centro. Io credo che per sopprimere il dolore, talvolta bisogna farsi del male... sentire dolore per rimanere immuni..sentirlo così forte da diventirare insensibili..e poi rinascere..amico mio..non dimenticare che poi si deve rinascere..perchè la vita è un dono meraviglioso anche se fà schifo....


Ti VOGLIO BENE.


          Senza titolo   
>Eroe (Storia Di Luigi Delle Bicocche) “Questa che vado a raccontarvi è la vera storia di Luigi delle Bicocche, eroe contemporaneo a cui noi tutti dobbiamo la nostra libertà” Piacere, Luigi delle Bicocche Sotto il sole faccio il muratore e mi spacco le nocche. Da giovane il mio mito era l’attore Dennis Hopper Che in Easy Rider girava il mondo a bordo di un chopper Invece io passo la notte in un bar karaoke, se vuoi mi trovi lì, tentato dal videopoker ma il conto langue e quella macchina vuole il mio sangue ..un soggetto perfetto per Bram Stroker Tu che ne sai della vita degli operai Io stringo sulle spese e goodbye macellai Non ho salvadanai, da sceicco del Dubai E mi verrebbe da devolvere l’otto per mille a SNAI Io sono pane per gli usurai ma li respingo Non faccio l’ Al Pacino, non mi faccio di pacinko Non gratto, non vinco, non trinco/ nelle sale bingo/ Man mano mi convinco/ che io sono un eroe, perché lotto tutte le ore. Sono un eroe perché combatto per la pensione Sono un eroe perché proteggo i miei cari dalle mani dei sicari dei cravattari Sono un eroe perché sopravvivo al mestiere. Sono un eroe straordinario tutte le sere Sono un eroe e te lo faccio vedere. Ti mostrerò cosa so fare col mio super potere Stipendio dimezzato o vengo licenziato A qualunque età io sono già fuori mercato …fossi un ex SS novantatreenne lavorerei nello studio del mio avvocato invece torno a casa distrutto la sera, bocca impastata come calcestruzzo in una betoniera io sono al verde vado in bianco ed il mio conto è in rosso quindi posso rimanere fedele alla mia bandiera su, vai, a vedere nella galera, quanti precari, sono passati a malaffari quando t’affami, ti fai, nemici vari, se non ti chiami Savoia, scorda i domiciliari finisci nelle mani di strozzini, ti cibi, di ciò che trovi se ti ostini a frugare cestini ..ne’ l’Uomo ragno ne’ Rocky, ne’ Rambo ne affini farebbero ciò che faccio per i miei bambini, io sono un eroe. Per far denaro ci sono più modi, potrei darmi alle frodi E fottermi i soldi dei morti come un banchiere a Lodi C’è chi ha mollato il conservatorio per Montecitorio Lì i pianisti sono più pagati di Adrien Brody Io vado avanti e mi si offusca la mente Sto per impazzire come dentro un call center Vivo nella camera 237 ma non farò la mia famiglia a fette perché sono un eroe. (Grazie a manubilla per questo testo) Testi di CapaRezza
          Comentario en Liberland, país se busca por María Victoria Vazquez   
360000 interesados en ese pedacito, implica una densidad poblacional de 60000 personas por kilómetro cuadrado. Bastante peor que China. Una nación libre pero un tanto apretujada, diría yo...
           Chinese flight delayed after senior chucks coins in jet engine 'for good luck'    
An elderly woman delayed a flight for over four hours in China after chucking coins into the plane’s jet engine.
          December 14th with Tim Swartz   
G&D 12-14-08 Tim Swartz, Author of Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, is Emmy-Award winning television producer/videographer and the author of a several other books. As a photojournalist, he has traveled extensively and investigated paranormal phenomena and other unusual mysteries from such diverse locations as the Great Pyramid in Egypt to the Great Wall in China. […]
          Schoolgirl Matsuoka China Regret Badly For Missing A Schoolbus And Using Public Train   
Watch Schoolgirl Matsuoka China Regret Badly For Missing A Schoolbus And Using Public Train at XXXPorn.rs - best free online XXXPorn videos for you to enjoy.
          Las 20 bibliotecas más espectaculares del mundo   
Jorge Luis Borges decía que el paraíso debía de ser algún tipo de biblioteca, y es que, realmente, para cualquier lector, una biblioteca es como un paraíso, un lugar mágico donde realidad y ficción se funden, donde todo es posible; un lugar en donde la paz y la tranquilidad son casi tangibles. Yo personalmente las adoro: en esta entrada recopilo 20 de las más grandes, bonitas y fascinantes que podemos encontrar alrededor del mundo...¡espero que os gusten tanto como a mí!

Biblioteca Real Gabinete Portugues De Leitura, Rio De Janeiro, Brasil

Mundo

La biblioteca del Trinity College, Dublin, Irlanda 

La biblioteca de George Peabody en Baltimore, Maryland, Estados Unidos

Mundo

Biblioteca estatal de New South Wales, Australia, 



José Vasconcelos en México.


Biblioteca Beinecke de libros raros y manuscritos (New Haven, Estados Unidos)

Biblioteca Beinecke de libros raros y manuscritos

Biblioteca nacional de Francia


La Biblioteca Nacional de Praga, Praga, República Checa


Biblioteca de la Abadía de Admont, Austria

 Biblioteca de la Abadía de Admont, Austria

Biblioteca del Monasterio de San Florian, Austria

bilioteca monasterio san florian, austria, bibliotecas del mundo, mejores bibliotecas mundo, el zorro con gafas

Biblioteca de la Abadía de Saint Gallen



Boston Athenæum



Biblioteca del Queen's College de Oxford



La Biblioteca de Vennesla, Noruega

bibliotecas

La biblioteca nacional de Grecia, Atenas 

Mundo

La biblioteca parlamentaria de Canadá, Ottawa 

  

Biblioteca Nacional de Holanda (Holanda)
       
librerias10

Biblioteca municipal (Stuttgart, Alemania)

librerias19

Biblioteca pública de Nueva York (Nueva York, Estados Unidos)

librerias21

Biblioteca nacional de China (Pekín, China)

librerias25


          Reseña "Nunca volveremos a ser las mismas" de Brenda H.Lewis   
Título: Nunca volveremos a ser las mismas
Autor: Brenda H. Lewis
Editorial: Espasa
Año: 2012
ISBN: 9788467007039
Nº de páginas: 296



Maica es una mujer incorrecta, tiene un corazón que no le cabe en el pecho y un pecho que empieza a no ser lo que era. De cuarenta y tantos años, divorciada y con una hija adolescente, peleada con el mundo en general y con su madre y con los hombres en particular, esta abogada adicta al trabajo y a los consejos bienintencio nados que le propina su mejor amiga es la demostración de que un sentido del humor bien administrado vale más que un tesoro...


Hace varios meses  que Jenny ,de Entre Páginas Perfectas,  me  prestó esta novela;  mi intención era leerla en verano, en los días de sol y calor que es cuando más apetece este tipo de lecturas, pero el verano en el norte se hace tan, pero tan corto, que al final se acabó y la novela siguió esperando su turno.  En vez de lectura veraniega terminó siendo lectura navideña, pero lo mismo da, porque la he disfrutado igualmente; Jenny ya me había asegurado que me encantaría y que reiría mucho con ella y la verdad es que no se ha equivocado en sus predicciones.

“Nunca volveremos a ser las mismas” es una novela al más puro estilo chic-lit, pero con alguna variante respecto al género, ya que, por norma general, las protagonistas de este tipo de novelas son chicas que rondan la treintena, y Maica, nuestra protagonista, es una mujer hecha y derecha, al borde de sus 50 años y con la menopausia a cuestas.  La susodicha es una mujer adorable y encantadora,  pero muy enfadada con el mundo y con los hombres en general después de que su marido la abandonase por una jovenzuela al poco de adoptar a su hija, Chin,  una niña china que en el  presente tiene 16 años y que la trae de cabeza. Tantos años de amargura la convirtieron en una mujer malhumorada y paranoica, reacia al amor y adicta a su trabajo, abogada especialista en divorcios para más inri. Por suerte,  Maica cuenta con excelentes amigas que viendo su estado tratan por todos los medios de que le de una nueva oportunidad a la vida....y quizá también al amor.

Es una novela que me ha gustado bastante, ideal para leer cuando se necesita desconectar un rato del mundo,  ya que es muy amena y entretenida. Está narrada en clave de humor desde la perspectiva de la propia Maica y os aseguro que os troncharéis de risa, púes esta mujer  es exagerada y melodramática a más no poder y ella solita se monta cada película que pa qué ; lo mejor son las conversaciones que mantiene con su hija adolescente, la que "solo" practica el sexo oral...¡¡¡ lo que me he reído!!!

Es un personaje al que resulta casi imposible no cogerle cariño, púes la pobre está tan perdida que por muy malhumorada que sea y muchos disparates que se le ocurran sigue resultando un encanto; la verdad es que es un personaje muy logrado y complejo a su manera, ya que la autora consigue reflejar todo ese mundo interior, todos esos miedos y angustias con los que acarrea, y que son los mismos que cualquiera de nosotras. Es fácil sentirse identificada con ella en algunos aspectos y me imagino que mucho más si se ronda su edad, púes cada década de la vida es única y trae consigo cambios a  los que veces cuesta adaptarse; por eso la recomiendo principalmente para ese rango de edad comprendido entre los 40 y 50, aunque es apta para todos aquellos que quieran echarse unas risas y pasar unas horas de lectura la mar de entretenidas.

El resto de los personajes son igual de carismáticos, aunque tienen menos relevancia en la historia, púes esta  se centra principalmente en la crisis existencial de Maica, pero  también aportan su granito de arena y como no, su toque de humor. Tenemos a Rossi, su mejor amiga y consejera, la única un poco sensata en esta historia, a Leticia, su madre, a la que todo le parece “muy bonico”, a Chin, la hija que desafía constantemente los nervios de su protectora mamá, la tía Silvia, que a sus sesenta y tantos sigue pensando que tiene 20 y hasta la niñera lesbiana que va de guate mal a guate peor. Bueno, y como no, al chico, ese chico que no puede faltar en toda novela del género, pero en esta ocasión ocupa un papel muy secundario, porque aquí lo importante es Maica y sus enrevesados pensamientos. Todo un elenco de personajes de lo más variopinto que dan forma a una novela estupenda, con la que me he reído un montón, pero a la que también tengo alguna que  otra pega que ponerle, púes  considero que tiene un final demasiado abrupto y precipitado, que a mi parecer no cierra del todo la historia, sino que lo deja un poco “en el aire” para que cada cual se imagine el suyo.  No quede muy convencida con el cierre y me hubiera gustado “un poquito más”, pero en general quede satisfecha.

Resumiendo, Nunca volveremos a ser las mismas, es una novela con la que he disfrutado de unas agradables horas de lectura,  una historia simple que no aporta nada nuevo al género, pero muy, muy divertida, tanto que es inevitable no reírse a carcajadas con las ocurrencias de una protagonista de lo más peculiar. Una historia que nos ofrece el lado cómico y positivo a esos cambios que todos debemos enfrentar en la vida. Muy recomendada.

          China’s road to Sikkim through Doklam plateau flashpoint with India   
The Indian defence establishment is opposed to China’s attempts to construct a road on the Doklam plateau leading right up to the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction, which has emerged as the major flashpoint in the ongoing face-off between the two armies in the remote border region.
          Road part of China's expansion strategy: Experts   
China’s aggressive road building exercise into Chumbi valley in the strategically located tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China, the source of the current stand-off between the two neighbours, is part of Beijing’s plans to gain strategic advantage in the region, say experts.
          Mansarovar yatra goes on via Uttarakhand route   
China’s declaration on Tuesday that no Indian pilgrims will be allowed to proceed on the Kailash Mansarovar yatra till the Sikkim border row is resolved may have stalled the yatra through the Nathu La pass​ in Sikkim, but the pilgrimage is proceeding smoothly through the other route in Uttarakhand taken by pilgrims to reach the revered lake
          " MAXIMUM ATTACK " PARA PEUGEOT, CON EL LANZAMIENTO DEL 3008DKR MAXI   
Siguiendo la trayectoria del éxito en el Dakar 2017, los ingenieros de Peugeot Sport presentan el nuevo Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi.
  • Las mejoras aportadas al tamaño y las suspensiones del auto tienden a una mayor estabilidad y performance para el ‘’DreamTeam’’ Peugeot Total.

  • Sébastien Loeb estrenará el nuevo auto en carrera, en el Silk Way Rally del 7 al 22 de julio próximo.

  • Luego de dos victorias en las ediciones 2016 y 2017 en el Rally Dakar, disputado en Sudamérica en enero, Peugeot Sport reveló el auto que sucede al Peugeot 3008DKR. Una “bestia de carrera" basada en el modelo de serie Peugeot, el nuevo SUV 3008, galardonado con el título "Auto del Año 2017".

  • El Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi está diseñado para recorrer las pistas de tierra, dunas y terrenos de los rally-raid más difíciles del mundo y apuntará a tener cada vez mayor performance.

  • El nuevo auto es 20 centímetros más ancho que el anterior (ancho total de 2,40 m.), debido a la ampliación de la cinemática de las suspensiones en 10 centímetros por lado. Se han cambiado los triángulos de suspensión inferiores y superiores y los árboles de transmisión. El objetivo buscado por los ingenieros de Peugeot Sport: ganar estabilidad y mejorar la dinámica del vehículo.

  • Si bien estas nuevas evoluciones siguen un programa de desarrollo de un año, el Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi debutará en carrera en el Silk Way Rally 2017: una etapa decisiva en el proceso técnico, con no menos de 10 000km a recorrer, de Moscú (Rusia) a X’ian (China) pasando por las estepas de Kazakstán. El rol de Sébastien Loeb será testear las modificaciones aportadas para dirigir la orientación de las próximas pruebas, con vistas al Dakar 2018. Pero, como lo subraya Bruno Famin, Director de Peugeot Sport, el único objetivo en esta prueba de 15 días es la victoria.

  • Sébastien Loeb estará acompañado en la aventura Silk Way Rally por Stéphane Peterhansel, ganador del Dakar, y el poseedor del título Silk Way Rally, Cyril Despres, ambos al volante del Peugeot 3008DKR, la versión que obtuvo los tres primeros puestos en el Dakar 2017.

  • La experiencia de Carlos Sainz, que se unirá al ‘’Dream Team’’ para el próximo Dakar, resultó crucial en la puesta a punto del Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi en ocasión de 3 sesiones de pruebas que tuvieron lugar en Marruecos, Portugal y Francia.

Bruno Famin, Director de Peugeot Sport
"Incluso antes de haber tomado la largada del Dakar en enero, habíamos empezado a trabajar en la próxima generación del Peugeot 3008DKR. Nuestros ingenieros tenían por misión seguir con sus esfuerzos y estudiar nuevas pistas de mejora técnica. Las últimas modificaciones aportadas al auto deberían permitir una mayor performance en nuestros próximos desafíos deportivos y brindar la mejor oportunidad de éxito a nuestras tripulaciones. Lo  más difícil cuando se ha ganado, es reiterar la victoria.  El Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi será confiado a Sébastien Loeb y Daniel Elena para debutar en carrera en el Silk Way Rally. Cada uno de nuestros pilotos ya realizó varias sesiones de pruebas. Los datos que se recabarán en la carrera nos ayudarán a definir la configuración definitiva para el próximo Dakar."

Sébastien Loeb, piloto del Team Peugeot Total
"Pienso que el auto es más estable, ahora que es más ancho. Las sensaciones son un poco diferentes al volante. En las partes angostas y técnicas, es más voluminoso, pero en términos de estabilidad y de pilotaje, es realmente mejor. El auto tiene menos tendencia al rolido y da más confianza para atacar y deslizar. Yo diría que el punto fuerte del Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi es su capacidad en fuera de pista. Con sus vías anchas y sus grandes ruedas, podemos ir más o menos a cualquier lado. Quizás no sea tan ágil en las rutas que se asemejan a especiales de rally, pero este territorio es más el de la tracción en las cuatro ruedas. El punto fuerte de nuestro auto es poder arremeter contra todo con confianza, y sobre todo en las dunas."

Carlos Sainz, piloto del Team Peugeot Total
"Tuve buenas sensaciones con el nuevo Peugeot 3008DKR Maxi en las pruebas y es realmente una gran mejora respecto de la versión anterior: sentí que habíamos hecho progresos. El cambio más visible es el ensanchamiento de las vías, que debería permitirnos atacar mejor en las curvas. El auto parece también más estable en los tramos rápidos y en las rutas más abruptas. A lo largo de los años, es cada vez más difícil mejorar el envase, pero el trabajo de los ingenieros de Peugeot Sport es notable. Intenté ayudarlos tanto como fue posible. Es fantástico ver a los ingenieros intentar sacar el máximo de un auto ya optimizado, y muy excitante seguir el recorrido del desarrollo a penas de regreso del Dakar."

          RESUMEN DE NOTICIAS DEL MUNDO........Seeking Alpha   
La segunda etapa de las pruebas de resistencia bancarias anuales de la Fed se dará a conocer hoy. Los resultados del CCAR determinarán si las 34 instituciones financieras estadounidenses más grandes pueden seguir adelante con sus planes de distribución de capital, incluyendo mayores dividendos o recompras de acciones. ¡Manténganse al tanto! Los accionistas del banco y los inversionistas generales estarán observando atentamente, ya que los resultados es probable que mueva el mercado.

El euro ha alcanzado un nuevo máximo de 2017 de $ 1,1369, ya que los mercados digerieron los recientes comentarios de Mario Draghi. El banco central podría "ajustar" su política en respuesta a "mejorar las condiciones económicas", declaró en un evento en Sintra, Portugal. Mientras tanto, Janet Yellen dijo ayer que no esperaba otra crisis financiera en "nuestras vidas" y advirtió contra cualquier relajación de las reformas financieras.

¿Un golpe a la agenda de Trump? Los mercados bursátiles estadounidenses se vendieron el martes después de que los líderes republicanos pospusieran una votación en el Senado sobre la reforma de la salud hasta después del receso del 4 de julio. El líder republicano del Senado, Mitch McConnell, dijo que hay una "muy buena oportunidad" de que el proyecto de ley sea finalmente aprobado a pesar de la demora y un número de legisladores republicanos expresando sus reservas.

Lo llamó "La Red de Engima". Hace seis semanas, David Webb, un inversionista activista y ex director de la bolsa de Hong Kong, emitió un informe sobre "50 acciones que no son propias". Ayer, la mayoría de las acciones que nombró abruptamente se desplomaron, señalando problemas crónicos de regulación sobre las acciones de pequeña capitalización en el centro financiero asiático. Hang Seng tomó otra pierna hacia abajo durante la noche, cayendo un 0.6% a 25.684.

El presidente Trump está cada vez más frustrado con China por su inacción sobre Corea del Norte y asuntos comerciales bilaterales y ahora está considerando posibles acciones comerciales contra Pekín, dijeron a Reuters tres altos funcionarios del gobierno. Está estudiando una gama de opciones, incluyendo los aranceles sobre las importaciones de acero. Las noticias llegan cuando los negociadores japoneses y de la UE que se reúnen en Tokio presionan con un acuerdo de libre comercio que tiene como objetivo contrarrestar el proteccionismo estadounidense.

Bahrein ha acusado a Doha de una "escalada militar" en la crisis que ha afectado a la región, advirtiendo que habría consecuencias después de que Turquía desplegara tropas adicionales en su base en Qatar. Varios estados árabes han cortado las relaciones diplomáticas con la nación, así como los vínculos comerciales y de viajes, en la más grave crisis interna desde la formación del Consejo de Cooperación del Golfo.

Las tensiones son altas en Venezuela cuando un helicóptero de la policía disparó 15 disparos al Ministerio del Interior durante la noche y dejó caer cuatro granadas en la Corte Suprema, sin embargo, no hubo informes de lesiones. Se adelanta a la votación del presidente Maduro el 30 de julio para un super cuerpo especial llamado Asamblea Constituyente, que podría reescribir la carta nacional y reemplazar a otras instituciones como el Congreso controlado por la oposición.

Un comité del Senado brasileño revisará hoy un proyecto de ley que desaceleraría la ley laboral mazelike del país, que ha sido un gran disuasivo para la inversión. Los mercados se han reunido a medida que avanzaban a través de la Cámara Baja a principios de este año, pero nuevas acusaciones de corrupción contra el principal partidario de la propuesta, el presidente Temer, han aumentado la oposición, lo que complica su aprobación.

Los piratas informáticos han golpeado de nuevo en otro ciberataque a gran escala que apunta a algunas de las mayores corporaciones del mundo y la infraestructura gubernamental. Se trata de un malware conocido como "Petya", que bloquea las computadoras de las víctimas y les pide que paguen un rescate basado en Bitcoin de 300 dólares. La interrupción se ha extendido a Maersk (OTCPK: AMKAF), Merck (NYSE: MRK), WPP (NASDAQ: WPPGY), Reckitt Benckiser (OTCPK: RBGLY) y Rosneft (OTC: RNFTF).

Facebook ha llegado a 2B usuarios activos mensuales, lo que representa una duplicación de su base de usuarios en los últimos cinco años. Llegó a la marca de usuario 1B en octubre de 2012, el año en que se hizo público. Es el último de unos cuantos hitos métricos para Facebook (NASDAQ: FB), que celebró 250 millones de usuarios diarios de Instagram Stories la semana pasada, e Instagram alcanzó 700 millones de MAUs en abril.

Toshiba (OTCPK: TOSYY) dijo que presentaría una demanda contra Western Digital (NYSE: WDC), reclamando ¥ 120B ($ 1.07B) en daños por interferir con la venta de su división de chips de memoria. Toshiba también decidió excluir a los empleados de Western Digital -basados ​​fuera de la planta de chips de Yokkaichi- de acceder a información relacionada con la empresa conjunta de ambas compañías.

Alibaba (NYSE: BABA) está cerrando un acuerdo para adquirir la filial de software de ZTE (OTCPK: ZTCOY), dijeron fuentes a Bloomberg, citando un precio de entre 2 y 3 millones de yuanes (294 millones a 441 millones de dólares) ). Una venta también ayudará a reponer las arcas de ZTE, agotadas por una multa récord de 1,2 millones de dólares impuesta este año por el gobierno de Estados Unidos por violar las sanciones a las exportaciones de tecnología.

El Departamento de Seguridad Nacional comenzará la construcción de cuatro a ocho prototipos para un muro fronterizo en el área de San Diego este verano, aunque todavía no ha elegido proveedores. El financiamiento para el muro no fue incluido en el presupuesto presentado por la Casa Blanca para el año fiscal 2018, pero el DHS ha asignado $ 20M de otros programas para pagar los prototipos. Posibles beneficiarios: ACM, CX, CXW, EXP, FLIR, FLR, GEO, GVA, KBR, MLM, NUE, STLD, SUM, TPC, TTEK, USCR, USG, VMC, WMS, X

CNN se retractó de una historia falsa que sugirió un vínculo entre un asociado de Trump y un fondo ruso tras ser amenazado con una demanda por difamación de 100 millones de dólares, según el NY Post. El drama se produjo en medio del escrutinio federal de la empresa matriz Time Warner (NYSE: TWX) en espera de compra por parte de AT & T (NYSE: T) y la creencia generalizada entre los ejecutivos de medios que Jeff Zucker no puede sobrevivir a una fusión.

Japan Tobacco (OTCPK: JAPAY) espera alcanzar el "IQOS" de Philip Morris (NYSE: PM) en el tabaco sin humo al ampliar el número de lugares públicos que permiten que su producto vaping "Ploom Tecnología Las firmas tabacaleras ven a Japón como el centro de pruebas de la industria vaping, ya que los cigarrillos electrónicos que usan líquido con nicotina no están permitidos bajo las regulaciones farmacéuticas del país.

Philips (Nyse: PHG) ha aceptado comprar Spectranetics (NASDAQ: SPNC) por 38,50 dólares por acción en efectivo, o un valor total de 2,2 millones de dólares, incluida la deuda. Spectranetics utiliza técnicas como láseres y pequeños globos cubiertos de drogas para limpiar el interior de venas y arterias que se han atascado debido a enfermedades del corazón. SPNC + 25% pre-venta.

La selección del jurado en el juicio de Martin Shkreli está programada para entrar en su tercer día, ya que la dificultad de encontrar un jurado imparcial se hace evidente en un caso que involucra a la compañía farmacéutica Retrophin (NASDAQ: RTRX). "Yo entiendo que el Sr. Shkreli, Dios lo bendiga, ha traído esta notoriedad sobre sí mismo", dijo su abogado al Juez de Distrito Kiyo Matsumoto. "Sin embargo, Shkreli tiene derecho a tener jurados que no estén sesgados".

La Junta de Comisionados de Port Canaveral tiene previsto considerar la propuesta de SpaceX (Private: SPACE) hoy en las instalaciones en expansión para almacenar sus propulsores de cohetes reutilizables, ya que aumenta el ritmo de sus lanzamientos. ¿Otro sueño de Elon Musk? Está hablando con el alcalde de Chicago, Rahm Emanuel, sobre la posibilidad de excavar un túnel desde el centro de la ciudad hasta el aeropuerto O'Hare.

Acelerando la seguridad aeroportuaria ... American Airlines (NASDAQ: AAL) está comprando nuevos protectores de bolsas de mano 3-D que desplegará en ocho aeropuertos de Estados Unidos una vez que las máquinas sean certificadas por la TSA. Los escáneres 3-D no sólo dan a los agentes de TSA una visión más clara de los problemas potenciales, sino que las máquinas - construidas por Analogic (NASDAQ: ALOG) - están diseñadas para ir dos veces más rápido que las bolsas de mano.

La NASA ha despejado un hito significativo para revivir los viajes supersónicos de pasajeros en los Estados Unidos. Se completó una revisión preliminar del diseño de un avión, elaborado con Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) como contratista líder, que utiliza la tecnología supersónica silenciosa, Golpe "en lugar de un fuerte auge sonoro. El auge es lo que llevó a las autoridades federales a prohibir el vuelo supersónico de pasajeros por tierra en 1973.


             
Progress in the New Century

How was China enthralled by Marx? How was an ancient people, great in wisdom, enslaved by this alien and disheveled thinker. Marx laid waste the twentieth century. His hatred of all existing cultures, his faith in the total plasticity of human nature, his passion for bloody revolution resulted in horrors beyond counting.

Why not link China instead to an ideology which at once 1) embraces traditional wisdom both Chinese and foreign (and traditional values such as honor and self-denial) 2) appreciates the importance of man’s genetic nature and 3) actually works. Such an ideology – let us call it Populism – will be socialist, will be in opposition, will be anti-imperialist. China could export Populism just as the Soviet Union once exported Communism and the United States exports capitalism.

The world is changing. The revolution in bio-technology is racing ahead, Asia is advancing. The United States is declining (because of ethnic hostility and enervating wars in the Mideast). An opportunity is opening up for China. China can win control of the world socialist movement. Populist Socialism can become dominant. And to win control of socialism is to win everything. Socialism is both popular and universal and those connected to it prosper.

Populists will accept the gifts of all the world’s cultures. Populism will also undertake a eugenics program. A shining future awaits both China and the whole world once Marx is repudiated.
          Oil Paintings Reproductions From Photograph   
We are a professional supplier and exporter of oil paintings for art lovers around the world in China. We can reproduce various kinds of oil paintings such as impressionist modern painting , pop painting, poster,still life,animal,landscape ,abstra
          Adios, Abi Dhabi!   
After I arrived at JFK and went through US Customs and Immigrations, I went outside the terminal into the unseasonably warm weather in New York. I was eager to to contact my family and friends but immedeately found out that my domestic mobile carrier (Verizon) had cancelled my account for some reason. My Visa card proved to be inactive too.

So there I was without communications and USD$. I had a pocket full of UAE Dirhams and was lucky to find a booth to change them to the current coin of the realm. I was happy to finally be back in my home country but was unhappy that things had degraded to the point where the basic services one would expect were no longer available to me partly due to my absence from the domestic US mainstream banking and communication system for almost 3 1/2 years.

That afternoon, despite my problems I felt a huge comfort to finally be back in the US. I was home for good. I got on the hotel phone and solved most of my recent problems with the credit cards and phone. The next day I flew down to the Southeast to see Family and Friends. I went from JFK to Birmingham, Alabama to Fort Walton Beach, Florida, then back to Birmingham, then to Las Vegas, Nevada, then to Phoenix, Arizona, then to Tucson, Arizona, back to Phoenix and then Las Vegas. I was fortunate to get a good job in the meantime. I now currently reside in a suburb of Las Vegas and am cool with that.

My exit from Abu Dhabi was not so good. To start with, I had to give a 2 MONTH FUKKING NOTICE to my employer! I am sure that is designed to hobble any chance with a future employer. Then, I had a 32 point checklist to complete before I was cleared to leave the country. One of which was a letter from the bank stating I owed no money. If I did owe, I would not be allowed to leave the country and would end up in a shitty UAE jail just because I bought an X-Box on the credit card and was late on a payment. Don't do that, beware!!! That didn't happen to me but it could happen to anyone. Sharia Law rules over in the UAE and as an expatriate, you just ain't gonna win.

I was given 30 days to get out of the country. The employer took my passport, health cards and ID days after my resignation so I was not free to go anywhere When you arrive in the UAE, they take care of everything, when you leave they are much less helpful. I spent the entire month of January trying to get the official stamps and clearances to get out of the country. The stress made me sick and I couldn't even keep a soda cracker down.

I found out I would not get my passport returned until my day of departure, which I was concerned about. All went well at the airport and I relaxed as the aircraft's wheels left the ground.

To those that fantasize about living in the Middle East, think again. My pay wasn't that good and you are owned by the employer without any rights whatsoever. Contracts are changed by employers at whim You get rear-ended at a traffic light by an Emirati and you will be charged for backing into him/her.

I have more to say, and I will, but I cannot recommend living in the UAE unless you are part of an organization with a fat US government contract.

The Arab, Pakistani and/or Indian way of doing business is disgusting. Telling the truth is looked upon as a sign of weakness. Shake hands and count your fingers!

The traffic is deadly, customer service is non-existant, rude people are common and there are no street addresses. Hell, they won't even transport you in an ambulance if the paramedics think Allah has willed you to die.

The internet is censored in the UAE, just like China and North Korea so it is refreshing to tell the truth from the USA without using a VPN or face prison time. I have an opinion that ANY country that restricts the internet has something to hide or doesn't trust its citizens with unfettered access to the rest of the world. The UAE is fucked up in that way. The media is similarly controlle.

I discovered that the UAE ( especially Abu Dhabi & Dubai) are constructs of a very insecure patriachal group of Sheikhs who are desperate to earn respect from the Western world. They are way behind and are trying to play "catch-up". They also play the "my dick is bigger than yours" game. Arab men seem very insecure. There is plenty of evidence of a national inferiority complex despite the vast wealth.

Sure, the shiny facades, big buildings and the vulgar displays of wealth may impress the trailer trash, but the truth is that these folks are but 35 years from living in desert tents, washing their eating utensils in camel urine and wiping their asses with their left hand.  Don't be fooled, if you scratch a little beneath the surface, the 15th century is still alive and well in the UAE!

I saw many lives ruined over there, mine included, almost!

If you can, stay in the US, EU or Australia. Those places are not perfect by any means but are far better than most of the rest of the world.

Your freedom and life may depend on it. Life in the UAE was nice in a lot of ways, but one wrong move and you can be in a very bad situation. You can be imprisoned for merely flipping the bird or insulting someone.

I am going to start a new blog about Las Vegas. This is my new home. It is an exciting city and there is a lot to talk about so stay tuned and I will provide a link in a few days. Life continues!










          Move Over Fidget Spinner, The Toothpick Crossbow Is Now Terrifying Parents   
There's a new toy that's all the rage in China: the toothpick crossbow. Could it make its way to mainstream America?
          Adopted Kids From China Standing Taller Thanks To Spine Surgeon   
A Colorado orthopedic spine surgeon has helped two children from China stand up straight and tall.
          Menovo Pharma Hiring 2017 for QA, QC, Production, R&D Jobs Apply Online   
Menovo Pharma Hiring 2017 for QA, QC, Production, R&D Jobs : Menovo Pharma Hiring for Pharma QA, QC, Production, R&D Jobs. Applicants Who are Qualify Graduation or Post Graduation in job Required Stream are Applicable for this Latest Pharma Jobs in India& China Menovo Pharma . This is the Good opportunity for who are waiting Latest QA, QC, Production, […]
          Buenos Aires y donde Alquilar departamentos temporarios   
Empresas de cruceros se sigue para agregar a los buques a sus flotas y que también se están convirtiendo en mucho más imaginativas con itinerarios de los cruceros que están proporcionando. El Caribe y el Mediterráneo siguen siendo los más populares destinos de crucero, pero ahora hay una gran variedad de salida de cruceros que se encuentran disponibles en todo el Mundo.





Este artículo intenta dar algunas inspiración en donde usted debe pensar en su próximo crucero de vacaciones.





América del Sur pueden ofrecer una amplia gama de diversos cruceros que van desde un viaje hasta el Amazonas a la palpitante ciudad de Río de Janeiro y Buenos Aires, así como que ofrece maravillas naturales como las Islas Galápagos, de los fiordos chilenos y las montañas de los Andes.





Muchos de estos cruceros de EE.UU. comenzará a partir de los puertos y otherssail de las principales ciudades de América del Sur. La mayoría de los cruceros a la Antártida desde Ushuaia inicio en el sur de Argentina. Varias empresas de cruceros incluyendo viajes de descubrimiento y Hurtigruten ofrecer expedición Antártida estilo de cruceros.





Dubai, así como un destino de vacaciones de lujo está empezando a convertirse en un puerto de cruceros establecidos. Costa Cruceros es la vela siete itinerarios de cruceros en 2009 que hagan escala en Abu Dhabi, Omán y Bahrein.





Dubai y otros puertos del Golfo característica a menudo en el mundo o reposicionamiento de cruceros, lo que significa que puede levantar un crucero de la negociación por la elección de uno de estos cruceros.





Norte de África está bien servido por muchos cruceros que también incluyen el Mediterráneo, pero ¿qué pasa con el resto de África? Algunos mundo de vela de cruceros en la costa occidental de África a Ciudad del Cabo, como una alternativa a la de crucero a través del Canal de Suez en Egipto.





Crucero de la costa occidental significa que usted puede visitar países como Senegal, Gambia y Namibia, así como las Islas de Cabo Verde y Santa Elena. En el sur de África oriental y algunas líneas de cruceros ofrecen salidas desde Ciudad del Cabo y también la de Kenya turística de Mombasa.





Crucero Silversea ofrece varios viajes de estos puertos que hagan escala en destinos como Zanzíbar, Madagascar y la isla de Asunción. Hebridean Internacional de Cruceros y viajes de descubrimiento son también ofrece cruceros alrededor de esta región.





Crucero a Alaska son aún tan popular como nunca. Estos cruisese comenzará a partir de Seattle o Vancouver y hacer su camino hasta el interior de Pasaje, teniendo en algunos de los mundos más espectaculares paisajes. NCL, Princess y Royal Caribbean son sólo algunas de las líneas de cruceros ofrecen cruceros de Alaska, que también pueden combinarse con una tierra gira.





El Báltico es el segundo crucero más populares en la región Europea temporada de verano. Un crucero Báltico se visita la impresionante ciudad de San Petersburgo, Estocolmo y Tallinn, mientras que Noruega, por supuesto, ofrece la increíble Fiordos, el sol de medianoche y la aurora boreal. Hurtigruten es famosa por sus viajes alrededor de la costa de Noruega.





El Extremo Oriente y, en particular, China ha experimentado un gran crecimiento en los clientes de crucero. Muchos cruceros parten de Hong Kong y de crucero al norte de China y el Japón. Otros cruceros hacia el sur, donde se los cruceros de Vietnam, Camboya, Tailandia, Malasia y Singapur.





Australia y Nueva Zelandia característica en la mayoría de los cruceros mundo de cruceros por empresas como P & O, Holland America, Princess y Royal Caribbean.





Entonces, ¿qué estás esperando? Crucero nunca ha sido más popular y con la cada vez mayor elección de exploración exóticos y cruceros disponible nunca ha habido un mejor momento para reservar un crucero.
          Misteri Tasik Besar Ini Menjadi Kering Kontang   

Poyang Lake adalah tasik air tawar terbesar di China yang berukuran dua kali ganda dari bandaraya London telah mengering Hal ini disebabkan kekeringan yang terjadi di wilayah tersebut Dulunya tasik ini merupakan destinasi pelancongan yang p...
          Selamba Masak Makan Mi Segera Di Lapangan Terbang   

BEIJING Adakah pelik mendapati orang memasak dengan selamba dan makan mi segera di lapangan terbang tanpa mengendahkan orang awam yang lalu lalang di situ Sekumpulan pelancong warga China seperti berkelah memonopoli bangku panjang di Lapang...
          Trasloco: come approfittare del servizio di facchinaggio   

Quando si trasloca sono tantissime le cose da fare, soprattutto nel giorno in cui si chiude la casa per trasferirsi definitivamente al nuovo domicilio. Se non si vuole pagare per un servizio completo presso una ditta di traslochi, si può almeno approfittare del servizio di facchinaggio. Di cosa si tratta Le ditte che si occupano ...

L'articolo Trasloco: come approfittare del servizio di facchinaggio sembra essere il primo su NoMore Violenza.


          Vivo Smartphone Luncurkan Teknologi Pemindai Sidik Jari   

Jay Hong selaku Innovation Product Manager in China memaparkan pemindai sidik jari ini tidak lagi menggunakan tombol di badan smartphone melainkan menggunakan sensor bawah layar yang ditanamkan di balik kerangka layar Vivo
          igra istine   
mog`o bi da okteci shupu! nafatala se pauchina!






jesi krecio/farbao nekad stan?
          Press : CAST Eyewear in Numero China   
CAST Eyewear " the dancing rat pack" specs
in
Numero China july 2012


          NVIDIA sponsoring World of Tanks International Open tournament   
NVIDIA has announced plans to host a World of Tanks International open tournament. It will be held in Asia Pacific, China, Europe, Russia and the Americas where the best seven-member teams will compete for with the best out of three games the winner. The tournament will last for four weeks before Grand Finals where up […]
          See 40 minutes of gamescom DOTA 2 stream   
If you missed out on the livestream of the $1 million DOTA 2 tournament at gamescom, check out 40 minutes of gameplay from the best players in the world. Ukraine’s Na’Vi and China’s eHome were among the 16 hand-picked teams selected to be the first to play DOTA 2, and their weeks of secret preparation […]
          Iskreno (i neiskreno) sta mislite o osobi iznad   
Mesechina ko dukat zut :D
          En agosto Puerto Quequén alcanzará los 5 millones y medio de toneladas movilizadas   

Puerto Quequén se encuentra próximo a alcanzar las 5 millones y medio de toneladas movilizadas durante los primeros 8 meses de 2016. Según informó el Consorcio de Gestión del terminal, durante los próximos días, 11 buques cargarán 366.254 toneladas de soja con destino a China. Con esto, la soja se convertirá en la principal mercadería exportada en la estación marítima, con 41 buques en el año de este producto, con 1.514.919 de toneladas operadas en los primeros ocho meses del año. En segundo y tercer lugar, le siguen la cebada con 33 buques que suman 1.428.617 toneladas, y el trigo con 1.044.997 toneladas en 34 buques, casi cuatro veces más que en todo 2015, año en el cual se movilizaron  301 mil toneladas. Actualmente, tres buques en puerto cargan soja con destino a China. El Marina Bliss, el Sea Venus y  el Thalassini embarcan 16.880, 68.711 y  70.785 toneladas respectivamente. Por otra parte, nueve naves esperan a la gira su turno para ingresar a Quequén, los buques Ince Anadolu y Star Moira amarrarán en los próximos días para cargar 18 mil y 31.500 toneladas de maíz con destino a Emiratos Árabes y Vietnam. Además, dos buques ingresarán la próxima semana para cargar trigo hacia Brasil. El buque Eastern Confidence 15.750 toneladas y el Mayuree Naree con 17.850 toneladas Los embarques de trigo, maíz, sorgo, aceite de girasol y de soja, cebada, pellet y harina de soja partirán hacia Brasil, Vietnam, Dinamarca, Pakistán, Emiratos Árabes, Australia, India y Egipto. De concretarse dichas operaciones, a fines de agosto con 190 buques operados, Puerto Quequén alcanzará las 5.471.754 toneladas, superando en 1.814.104 toneladas al mismo período de 2015 cuando se habían operado 3.657.650.

La entrada En agosto Puerto Quequén alcanzará los 5 millones y medio de toneladas movilizadas aparece primero en Portal Portuario.


          Save The Date: Boiler Room Returns to Shanghai   

Electronic music junkies and dance addicts better dust off their raving shoes, as Boiler Room is returning to Shanghai.

 

The London-based organisation are pioneers of alternative dance music, regularly throwing parties in New York, Miami, Brussels and Berlin, with their live broadcasts being watched by over 60 million fans every month, and on July 6, they’ll be in Shanghai.

 

boiler room Shanghai

 

Boiler Room has teamed up with Budweiser to bring us the beats of internationally acclaimed DJs Mr Carmack, DJ Wordy, Knopha and Guzz. It’ll be delivered through their bone shattering sound-system and broadcast live on LeTV for those who can’t cop a ticket.

 

The event will be held in a secret location, which invitees will be informed of closer to the time. For more information and the chance to win exclusive guest list access just follow Boiler Room on WeChat at boilerroomtv. 

 

boiler room Shanghai

 

Boiler Room is of the most celebrated and mysterious underground music live-streaming platforms and has become an international flag-bearer of youth underground subculture since founded by London-based CEO Blaise Belville in 2010. They made their China debut at a show in Shanghai late last year.

Sign up here for tickets 

 

Details

What: Boiler Room x Budweiser ‘Discover What’s Brewing’ Global Tour
Where: Secret Location (TBC)
When: 8pm Thursday, July 6 
How much: TBC  

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          BrewDog at The Hop Project, Launch Party This Weekend   

Craft beer pop-up The Hop Project, on Dagu Lu, is announcing a BrewDog Tap Takeover. For six months, starting from the first of July, The Hop Project will be pouring a rotation of eight taps of Brewdog beers.  Some of these new beers have never been seen in China before, and will only be available at The Hop Project.

 

Craft beer in Shanghai: Brewdog at The Hop Project

In celebration the collaboration, a BrewDog Opening Party/Hop Fiction Release Party will be thrown on Saturday, complete with live music. There will be an exclusive launch of the limited edition Hop Fiction Pale Ale, as well as free gift bags for the first 50 people. It’ll be RMB30 for Punk and Hop Fiction pours.

 

BrewDog, founded in the UK in 2007, has since garnered international acclaim in craft beer industry. After brewing tiny batches and filling bottles by hand, they launched a large equity crowdfunding scheme in 2015 and opened a total of 44 BrewDog bars worldwide. A BrewDog brewer be visiting The Hop Project later this year to promote craft beer awareness, so expect to see craft beer information nights in addition to great parties.

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          Árvores de São Paulo: o pau-cigarra em floração   
  Árvore que chama atenção pela forte coloração amarela de sua floração, o pau-cigarra (Senna multijuga) se destaca nas matas paulistanas nesse começo de outono. Na Serra do Mar, divide o colorido com os manacás-da-serra (Tibouchina mutabilis), criando paisagens amarelas, brancas e … Continuar lendo
          Taylor Talk LIVE - Episode 196 - Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast   

Episode 196 - 

From our living room to yours, we bring you Taylor Talk Live! Episode 196 was recorded live to our listeners via Youtube on November 7th 3pm PST / 6pm EST. You can watch the Youtube version or listen on iTunes to hear us discuss the end of the US 1989 Tour. We analyze the setlist, costumes, and compare the 1989 Tour to Taylor’s other tours. If you have seen the 1989 Tour, was it your favorite tour or does another tour hold a special place in your heart? Enjoy the episode!

 

Highlights from Episode 196 of Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast

Main Discussion: The 1989 World Tour Wrap Up

– In the four years Taylor Talk has been on the air, we’ve had over 3.7 million downloads! What!

– Adam inspires us (bores us) with more Taylor Talk statistics.

– Did you know that Taylor gave every single fan a present at each concert?

– The Setlist — What was your favorite performance? Any songs you wished would have been included on tour?

– Everyone was excited about all the male dancers on tour.

– Listener engagement really made this episode fun! We loved hearing from you on twitter #TaylorTalkLive.

– Some lucky winners will get their Taylor Talk t-shirts very soon!

– See a complete list of the 1989 World Tour special guests on theswiftagency.com.

– Check out Steve’s 1989 Special Guest playlist on Spotify.

 

Calendar:

– November 10, 11, 12: The 1989 World Tour – Shanghai, China 

 

Submit to the Show!

EMAIL: TaylorTalk@TaylorSwift13.org

TWITTER: @TaylorTalk13

FACEBOOK: Facebook.com/TaylorTalk13

TAYLOR CONNECT: TaylorTalk13

VOICEMAIL: (240) 31-SWIFT / (240) 317-9438

ASK.FM: Ask.Fm/TaylorTalk13


          The Taylor Swift Experience - A Walk Through The Grammy Museum - Episode 187 - Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast -- Swifties are also listening to Hurricane by Bridgit Mendler   

Episode 187 - The GRAMMY Museum provides the ultimate Taylor Swift Experience. On Episode 187 of Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast, your hosts, Adam and Diane, visit the very special Taylor Swift exhibit at the GRAMMY Museum in Los Angeles, California. We know that not many Swifties will make it all the way to California to see this exhibit, so it is our goal this episode to make you feel like you were there! We discuss the pieces Taylor chose to include in the displays and the unique interactive activities at the exhibit. After listening to the episode and viewing the photos and videos from the exhibit below, which piece of the exhibit would you take home with you? We’d love to hear your thoughts. Enjoy the show!

The Taylor Swift Experience will be at the GRAMMY Museum until October 4th, 2015.

Highlights from Episode 187 of Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast
Main Discussion: The Taylor Swift Experience at the GRAMMY Museum
– We recorded on location in Los Angeles, CA after visiting the Taylor Swift exhibit at the GRAMMY Museum.
– Fun fact: Taylor’s exhibit takes up 1/3 of the GRAMMY museum. (1/3 is pretty close to 13, eh?)
– You know you’re famous when they put your street clothes on display at a museum.
– Even Baby Taylor had a knack for business and the creative. (Her snowman artwork is to die for!)
– Adam tells you about the most underrated part of the museum that no one is talking about. Like, ever.

Other Topics:

– Adam has a joke. Adam has joke (oh no).
– The 1989 World Tour is going to Singapore and China!
– Did you love Taylor’s acoustic version of “Holy Ground”? I’m not crying, you are.
– Swifties are listening to “Hurricane’ by Bridgit Mendler.
– Clarkie the pup shares what he thinks of Taylor Swift! (woof)

Calendar
– July 6: The 1989 World Tour – Ottawa, ON, Canada
– July 7: The 1989 World Tour – Montreal, QB, Canada
– July 10 & 11: The 1989 World Tour – East Rutherford, NJ
– July 13 & 14: The 1989 World Tour – Washington, DC
– July 18 & 19: The 1989 World Tour – Chicago, IL


          13 Moments Of The RED Era - Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast - Episode 138 - Also listening to "Animals" by The Goastt   

episode 138 - having post-red tour depression? we are too. in episode 138 of tayLor talk: the taylOr swift podcast, we give you our top 13 momeNts of the red era. as there were so many amazinG moments, we are bound to have missed a few of your favorites, so Let us know what you loved about the red era (samI also adVisEs you to put your red Tour memorieS in the memory boxes of life). enjoy the episode!


Highlights from Episode 138 of Taylor Talk: The Taylor Swift Podcast

Main Discussion – Top 13 Moments of the RED Era:

- It is actually the end of the RED Tour… so we decided to recap our Top 13 Moments of the RED Era.

- Fun fact: “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together” was Taylor’s first number one on the Billboard Top 100!

- That awkward moment when Adam gets confused for Prince William.

- The RED Tour broke so many records, including playing in Shanghai, China for the first time (and selling out the show in one minute!!)

- The tour included so many special guests AND introduced us to someone who has now become one of our favorite artists: Ed Sheeran!

- Remember that time Taylor performed “All Too Well” at the Grammys because the fans asked her to?! Good times.

- Let us know what your top RED Era Tour memories were! We’d love to hear them!

Other Topics:

- We want to wish a very happy Father’s Day to all the dads out there, including Scott Swift, Taylor’s #1 fan!

- Ed Sheeran and Scott Borchetta said potentially conflicting things about Taylor’s upcoming 5th album… who’s right?

- Taylor Swift is featured in Ed Sheeran’s “Nine Days and Nights of Ed Sheeran” Special. Watch it to support this BFFL team!

- You know you’re a Swifty when you make “secret messages” in your writings


          OTRS Administrator Training – 2017-05-11 – Shanghai   
OTRS Administrator Training in China Come to Shanghai on 11-13 May, 2017 to meet OTRS and see how you can benefit from using our software and services! 11-13 May, 2017 – Let’s meet in Shanghai! The three-day OTRS Administrator Training gives you the full picture of OTRS by introducing Installation, Conceptional Design, Configuration and Maintenance.
          Meet OTRS in Beijing – Get to know OTRS!   
OTRS Administrator Training in China Come to Beijing on 08-10 June, 2017 to meet OTRS and see how you can benefit from using our software and services! 08-10 June, 2017 – Let’s meet in Beijing! The three-day OTRS Administrator Training gives you the full picture of OTRS by introducing Installation, Conceptional Design, Configuration and Maintenance.  
          OTRS Asia Ltd. winning new Partner in China   
New Partner in China: Xi’an Dian Tong Software Co., Ltd.   Oberursel, JAN 30, 2017 +++ OTRS Asia Ltd., part of the OTRS Group wins Xi’an Dian Tong Software Co., Ltd. as new certified OTRS Partner in Chinas mainland. The OTRS Gruppe, the vendor and world’s leading provider of the open source helpdesk software „OTRS“
          8 Emmys para "The Pacific"   



Con 8 Emmys (lástima que no este entre ellos su magnifica banda sonora) ha sido premiada la magnífica miniserie bélica producida por Steven Spielberg y Tom Hanks. Los 10 episodios de The Pacific continuan la narración de los grandes episodios de la Segunda Guerra Mundial iniciada en 2001 con la también miniserie Band o f Brothers (en español titulada Hermanos de Sangre, fue emitida por Telecinco a las tantas de la madrugada de los viernes) solo que ahora le toca el turno a las operaciones en el Pacifico contra le Imperio del Japón. Fue emitida esta primavera por Canal + casi al mismo tiempo que en los USA, y solo puedo decir que ha sido para mi una experiencia impresionante a varios niveles.

Técnicamente impecable, han pasado 9 años de la anterior serie, ya de gran calidad, pero los medios con los que cuenta -un presupuesto de más de 200 millones de dolares- en nada tienen que envidiar a los de muchas películas comerciales (el resultado puede verse en los vídeos que acompañan este texto). Banda sonora y efectos de sonido y sobre todo la fotografía te meten de lleno en el axfixiante escenario bélico de las Islas del Pacífico. En el plano de las interpretaciones estas rozan un alto nivel en todos sus actores tanto principales como secundarios, destacando el carisma de John Seda en su papel del héroe de guerra, John Basilone.

Conceptual y temáticamente se trata de una obra arriesgada, recibiendo algunas criticas menores acusándola de racista y por su exceso de violencia explicita en pantalla, en la linea realista de filmes como Salvar al Soldado Ryan (del propio Spielberg) y posteriores. Basada en la experiencia de tres marines de la 1º División de este cuerpo: Robert Leckie, Eugene B. Sledge y ya mencionado héroe en las batallas de Guadalcanal e Iwo Jima, John Basilone, presenta con toda crudeza la campaña del pacífico por parte de los marines de los EEUU, luchando isla por isla y cuerpo a cuerpo con los soldados japoneses.

La anterior serie, Band of Brothers respondía a la necesidad de recuperar la memoria de la "Guerra en Europa" y su "Generación Perdida" en una época en la que está empezaba a menguar por la muerte de sus últimos supervivientes y la llamada al "Fin de la historia" que fueron los 90 del siglo pasado -con sus guerras televisadas y de ejecución aséptica desde el aire. The Pacific, a parte de continuar dicho memorial con los Marines, -cuerpo cuya supresión se considera hoy por lo caro de su mantenimiento y la ausencia de operaciones militares anfibias- tiene una segunda lectura a nivel más profundo y en clave moderna. Si la de Band of Brothers podía ser una crítica al clásico "aislacionismo" republicano, el de la Old Rigth previo a la era del "consenso liberal", con el que se iniciaba la era Bush -y rápidamente roto por los atentados del 11-S-, la de The Pacific me lleva a relacionar la cruenta lucha a muerte contra el Imperio del Japón con la actual Guerra contra el Terrorismo islámico. La convicción de que la Guerra del Pacífico solo pudo ganarse con un máximo de sufrimiento y manchándose las manos de sangre, puede servir de inspiración ante las dudas que despiertan hoy los teatros de operaciones en Afganistan e Irak.

Los estadounidenses solo pudieron dejar Japón cuando dicha nación fue derrotada militarmente, aceptando sus responsabilidades y siendo asimilada en lo político a los regímenes democráticos coocidentales. No es arriesgado ver en los soldados japones, dispuestos a morir matando y negándose a rendirse al enemigo, a los actuales guerrilleros talibanes, terroristas de Al Qaida o ex-miembros de la Guardia Republicana de Sadam. Como dejo escrito en sus memorias el soldado Sledge:

"There is no 'mellowing' for me - that would be to forgive all the atrocities the Japanese committed against millions of Asians and thousands of Americans. To 'mellow' is to forget."
Sustituyan donde pone "japoneses" por las palabras terroristas y regímenes islámicos radicales. Y donde "asiaticos" y "americanos" pongan musulmanes, estadounidenses, europeos, etc.

En resumen, The Pacific es una serie dramática y bélica de primera categoría, que encierra ciertas lecciones históricas de gran interés, y que seguro no deja indiferente a nadie, por eso recomiendo a todos mis lectores su visionado.

Trailer extendido.

Gran diseño el de los títulos de apertura de cada capitulo, acompañados del emotivo y épico tema central de su BSO.

Making of.

          #Family of David Sneddon, missing US #Student, says North Korea #Kidnapped him   
The parents of an American college student who disappeared in China in 2004 said they are convinced their son was kidnapped by the North Korean regime to teach English and is alive inside the Hermit Kingdom -- citing a plethora of circumstantial evidence ...
          Yuan's trip to Sweden   

(originally aired September 22)

Any Saab North American turnaround would involve new leadership and new thinking.

First in a series of 4 articles covering Saab's; Products, Market Share, Revenue and Cost Structure.

1. Products:

9-5 (D.O.A.) Cancel the new 9-5 carline (including the estate/wagon) – consolidated gross profits on this carline is likely not sufficient to sustain $12,000 PNVR market support (exception to limited Russia and China sales). This car is a failed execution for the brand, has very limited appeal to current/former Saab owners and is way over-priced for a Buick LaCrosse. This action would demonstrate a serious commitment towards a new business approach (its ok to admit to mistakes and save money too).

9-4X (reposition – keep it simple – conquest Japanese - seek volumes – do it quickly) Re-position the new 9-4X – offer one variant for US sales:

* 3.0 Liter AWD (kill the 2.8 Liter Turbo)
* Aero Badge (with all Aero trim - exception to seating surfaces)
* Standard equip.: sunroof, Aero styled front end (w/fog lamps), 19" alloys and Bose system.
* Only option is NAV.
* Priced at $39,995
* Plan 1,200 units per month. If the price point of $39,995 can’t be achieved then abandon the 9-4X carline as well.

9-3 Sedan (depreciated cash cow – conquest Japanese – seek volumes - do it quickly) Continue through MY2013 – conquest and bridge carline - offer one variant for US sales:

* 2.0 Liter (auto or manual)
* Aero Badge (with all Aero trim - exception to seating surfaces)
* Standard equip.: sunroof, pwr seats, 17" alloys, rear spoiler, Aero trim, and fog lamps.
* Only option is NAV.
* AWD platform abandoned.
* Priced at $24,995
* Plan 2,000 per month.

Aggressively target owners of Honda Accord, Toyota Camry, and Nissan Altima with trade incentives. At the same time increase the warranty coverage to 6 years / 100,000 miles (similar to the older CPO warranty once offered – bumper to bumper).

Factory note: Forget silly 30 day money back guarantees - these are negative selling propositions (sales people spend more time promoting what happens if you don’t like the car.. rather than selling the product).

Current 9-3 Combi (discontinue) Feel good carline (with no following) needs to go.

Current 9-3 Convertible (discontinue) Historic transaction price (after market support) is $29,995 – rather than build a car you lose money on .. end it and place all engineering and design efforts on the new 3 Convertible - very quickly.

--------------------

New 3 Convertible (launch spring 2013) First launch as image car and prelude to the new 3 Sedan. Similar to what Saab did for MY2003 only the convertible is launched first. MSRP should not exceed $10,000 from the highest priced sedan (sub assembly type production volumes – 800 per month to start).

New 3 Sedan (launch January 2014 as MY2015) (Think retro 1985 Saab 99) This car must be a functional hatch back design - priced at $29,995 – with MPG of 35 – 40 MPG. Forget the Phoenix, forget attacking BMW or Audi. Moving people upscale from Honda, Nissan, Toyota, and domestic brands should be the goal. Small chips into their volumes and Saab can easily sell 50,000 units. The new 3 needs to be affordable, function, and durable - European price leader. AWD should not be in the program. Hybrid should be considered. Advanced technologies (features) should be abandoned. Quality fit, finish, and use of high touch, high quality feel is most important. Warranty period 6 years / 100,000 miles. The new 3 should be assembled in China, production savings would allow higher quality / efficient drive line components. After 6 months launch New 3 VIGGEN as a zero to 60 offer in time for spring orders.

New 1 Coupe (retro Saab 96) – I’ll leave this up to the profitable new organization (suicide doors are a must however). So is a diesel engine with 50+ MPG.

------------------

So there you have it. Push volumes for price leading models for 2 years. Trim overall offerings, make it simple to communicate. Go after large volumes of customers and make Saab exciting and affordable till new models arrive. Position new products as price leading European offer - assembled in China.

Of course the above is created without consolidated financial statements, however I believe most (if not all) recommendations can be implemented. Likely typical in most major markets - exception toRussia and China where almost anything goes with volumes less than 1000 units per year.


          Muller's Wind Tunnel   

(originally aired August 1, 2011)

Saab Vs. A Wind Tunnel

Back in January 2010 - Victor Muller stated he purchased Saab for the price of a wind tunnel. Once the purchase of Saab was completed, Muller proudly stated "Saab didn't need one new customer," meaning, if former Saab owners purchased new Saab's, the new organization could easily sell over 100,000 units.

The first time I heard these comments I was really taken back. Was this Muller's 15 minutes of fame speech? or ... was he indeed serious?

Prior to Saab's death in December 2009, Muller was impressed by the thousands of Saab owners gathering in support of saving Saab. 18 months later Saab owners have made it very clear.. they are not impressed.

--------

Assembly plants idle since April, Muller’s Saab is rushing to fill 11,000 orders.

Why?

Exception to the already funded China orders... why the rush to build cars people are not buying? It's estimated the US has an 11 month supply of unsold (new) 9-5 Sedans with MSRP's ranging from low $40's to upper $55's. There are thousands of 9-5 brake rotors collecting rust at US ports as well.

The all new 9-5 may have looked great on consolidated balance sheets (at inflated MSRP’s) but the true cost of sale per unit is likely close to $15,000 per copy (and this doesn’t include the cost of advertising per car sold). The consumer (and current Saab owners) have spoken, they don't want a GM based 9-5 sedan.

The same is unfolding with the all new 9-4X, without launch support to attract "conquest buyers" the carline is failing.

Its fair to say Muller worked very hard, doing wrong things, very well.

* Rush to place GM employees in key executive roles during critical start up periods.

* Rush to embrace Koenigsegg's business plan without proper due diligence.

* Rush to the media without a convincing plan for the brand - to the press and general public.

* Rush to jettison Born from Jets (top 6th recalled automotive slogan) and launch a internally defended global marketing campaign "move your mind."

* Rush to pretend to be an environmentally focused brand without products to back it up.

* Rush to build GM based 9-5’s without defining its need and audience.

* Rush to build the multi million dollar Phoenix project (abandoning the award winning Aero X).

* Rush to build GM based 9-4X without defining its real need and audience.

* Rush to build GM based 9-5 Wagon (segment so thin.. US sales are likely less than 50/month).

* Rush to burn cash without managing the rear view mirror (wholesale and revenue plans).

* Rush to build 11,000 cars with no market demand or retail support.

Unfortunately Muller's Saab is just about finished. There is no saving Saab this time around, and I'm not sure if there is anything left of the brand to save any longer.

Hopefully when its all said and done, and the factory is turned into a freight train assembly plant, someone will purchase the Saab logo and start something up again just for fun.

Pity dealers who have inventory, loyal employees, customers needing warranty repairs and Swedish Govt & EIB who were taken by Muller's salesmanship.

Creditably shattered but not defeated, Muller now eyes the wind tunnel.


          Future Editorial September 22, 2020   
“Your Shoelace is untied”

It’s a famous line, you're looking ahead and something takes you off track and wallops you down.

That’s what happened to GM, Ford and the former Chrysler Corporation in CY 2008 when suddenly without notice the price of crude oil sky-rocketed towards the $150 per barrel mark, as brokers (based in London) speculated short positions on oil indexes without any regulation - other than those of greed.

Thus with the cost of oil rising almost out of control, Detroit’s big 3 slashed truck production, planned smaller fuel efficient cars and laid off thousands of workers.

Former President Obama’s “Big 3 Bail or Fail” plan of 2009 accelerated the demise of US auto makers by providing tax credits for smaller unprofitable cars at a time when US and Global oil production started its steady rise as China, India and Russian economies slowed during the mid 10’s.

US Alaskan Oil (symbol “USAO”) and former Vice Presidential candidate Sara Palin stated “back in 2008 US politicians sold the American public on global warming scams and sheer oil shortages because of increasing world demand. We now know the gas crisis of 2008 was nothing more than manipulation and unfortunately the former Big 3 automakers suffered the worst”.

Kia Motors (Ford's Parent Company) CEO Mark Fields stated today that “as long as large US cars and trucks get over 35 MPG and the price of gas stays at $5.95 per gallon we see no need to plan smaller car and truck platforms for the US market any time soon. We learn by our mistakes”.

Brent crude oil closed today at $125 a barrel – its lowest levels since 2014 this at time when wind power tax credits have peaked with little or no new wind energy farms on the horizon.
------------

Well its possible!!!
          The Fool On The Hill   
Twenty four hour news formats have most people believing the reason for higher gas prices is due to rising global demands of crude oil and American’s dependence of imported oil – especially from OPEC nations.

Demand for fuel in China is the best smoke-screen. It’s easy to visualize masses of people on bicycles now driving Cadillac’s with 2 car garages – thus Americans can conclude “it’s out of our control” so just pay the price.

For those just awaking ….there is a small square bock of real estate in Manhattan called Wall Street, the buildings there (and in similar markets throughout the globe especailly London); control the world’s financial conditions good, bad or indifferent.

The Street forecasts
The Street invests
The Street controls

Pay $5.00 for a gallon of gas … The Street wins.

I’ll explain.

Let’s say a group of investors concocted a strategy where it buys future stockpiles of medical equipment to price levels where the average American or Health Care provider couldn’t pay the cost any longer. One day the price of an x-ray is $100 the next day $800 and the next day $1500 – Americans would be outraged!

Over the past 25 years the price of oil and the price of a gallon of gas were paired, both rising, but matched in even parallels. Since 2002 the price of oil disconnected itself from the price of gas like a run-a-way train, the spread is alarming, if it were a cardiogram the patient would have already died.

Index Speculators claimed their territory post September 11, fueled by Institutional Investors, Mutual funds and University endowments… Index Speculators have become as critical to world oil markets as China, both place equal amounts of pressures to continue the rise in oil prices. The key difference is Index Speculators buy “oil indexes” and China buys the “actual commodity”.

As more Oil Index Speculators…”speculate”… the sheer mass of long positions assure higher prices.. the unsupervised frenzy feeds itself.

Could the oil bubble burst? Possibly.. however traditional supply and demand models are paralyzed – eight fold price increases in any commodity over an 8 year period doesn’t increase demand it reduces it (yes even with China consuming more oil). Thus increasing oil production won’t work because we already have an oil surplus.

The only remedy is to eliminate Index Speculation on all commodities. Without Index Speculation investor risk is tied into an obligation to cover short positions by buying the actual commodity, thus placing the focus on real supply and demand swings. Till then Index Speculators remain the core reason Oil and Food prices continue to increase.

The fool on the hill sits alone but has the ability to see the big picture.
          China Is About to Change Supply Chains Forever   

For the past four years, China has been working on their massively ambitious, and somewhat mysterious, One Belt One Road (OBOR) project, and, according to a recent story from Business of Fashion, the fashion industry could soon be feeling its effects, as major parts are now up and running. Expected to cost around $1 trillion...

The post China Is About to Change Supply Chains Forever appeared first on Well Spent..


          Research paper topics: The China landslide and natural disasters   
A landslide toppled 33 buildings in the city of Shenzhen, China, just before noon on Sunday, December 20, 2015. Landslides are a deadly natural disaster, and while it’s possible to predict them using modern technology, in practice, the damage is almost impossible to fully avoid. If you are looking for research paper topics for your […]
          Liquid metal properties and applications for research paper topics   
With shades of the T-1000 transforming robot in Terminator 2 who could change shape and morph into whatever weapon he needed, scientists in China have announced the discovery of a liquid metal alloy that has shape shifting and self-propulsion properties. This discovery offers good research paper topics for your mechanical engineering or biotechnology class. Discovery, […]
          Amazing tropical resort in 'Minecraft' makes us wish we were digital cube people   
TwitterFacebook

Minecraft players come up with some pretty creative creations, but this one in particular makes us wish we could live inside Minecraft, even just for a week or two.

SEE ALSO: Someone spent 2 years painstakingly replicating China's Forbidden City in 'Minecraft'

Redditor FamilyCraft shared their own Minecraft rendition of a tropical resort, a stunning plot of land complete with palm trees, pools, and architecture reminiscent of Dubai.

Take a look at the tantalizing Minecraft resort posted on Imgur:

Don't you just want to slip on your sandals and book your plane ticket right now? There's even a helipad there. Read more...

More about Gaming, Vacation, Resort, Minecraft, and Mojang
          审议《关于巡视三十一所中管高校党委情况的专题报告》 - 新浪网   

浙江日报

审议《关于巡视三十一所中管高校党委情况的专题报告》
新浪网
新华社北京6月28日电 中共中央政治局6月28日召开会议,审议《关于巡视31所中管高校党委情况的专题报告》。中共中央总书记习近平主持会议。 会议指出,党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度 ...
习开政治局会讨论高校巡视又一波人事异动?大纪元 (新闻发布)
中共政治局开会暗示下一波人事异动多维新闻网

此专题所有 3 篇报道 »

          人民日报:从严治党深化对共产党执政规律的认识 - 中国新闻网   

新华网

人民日报:从严治党深化对共产党执政规律的认识
中国新闻网
中国共产党在长期执政实践中积累了丰富的执政经验,形成了系统的执政理论,掌握了重要的执政规律。党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚定不移推进全面从严治党,坚持思想从严、管党从严、执 ...
全面从严治党向基层延伸新浪网
推进全面从严治党的浙江实践新华网
治国理政新理念新思想新战略十八大以来党的建设在创新中发展红网
www.qstheory.cn -东方网 -南方网 -新民网
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          杭州保姆纵火案:家属还在痛哭开发商销声匿迹 - 新浪网   

新浪网

杭州保姆纵火案:家属还在痛哭开发商销声匿迹
新浪网
今天中午,杭州警方发布公告:“蓝色钱江纵火案”犯罪嫌疑人莫某晶(女,34岁,广东东莞人)涉嫌放火罪、盗窃罪两项罪名被提请批捕。 而遇害者家属,丈夫林先生的微博维权之路还在继续。 “销声匿迹”的开发商 ...
政法系统微博榜:杭州纵火案保姆会被判处死刑吗?人民网
杭州纵火保姆被提批捕保姆还保险吗?金融界
杭州保姆纵火致雇主母子4人死亡被提请批捕(图)搜狐
新华网 -中国经济网 -汉丰网 -中国新闻网
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          外交部回应暂缓印度香客赴藏朝圣:责任完全在印方 - 新华网   

中国网

外交部回应暂缓印度香客赴藏朝圣:责任完全在印方
新华网
新华社北京6月28日电(记者孙辰茜)外交部发言人陆慷28日在回答记者有关提问时表示,印度官方香客经乃堆拉山口赴藏朝圣路线何时能重新开放,取决于印方能否及时纠正错误。 陆慷说,长期以来,中方从中 ...
媒体称中石油暂停向朝鲜输送燃油外交部回应新浪网
外交部:中俄正就解决半岛核问题的路线图保持密切沟通中国新闻网
中方欢迎任何有助于推进半岛无核化进程的建设性努力人民网
红网 -国际在线 -大江网
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          摔断要价30万玉镯游客吓晕 - 千龙网   

《财经网》

摔断要价30万玉镯游客吓晕
千龙网
27日,一名女游客在云南瑞丽一玉器城试戴手镯,取下时没拿稳,不慎将手镯摔成两半。当得知该手镯市场价30万元时,该女游客当场晕厥,最后幸无大碍,双方将走司法程序解决赔款问题。这一事件迅速在朋友 ...
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试戴手镯摔碎吓晕女子摔碎30万翡翠手镯吓晕提请诉讼金融界
吓晕女子摔断的玉镯值18万将由司法断定赔偿NTDTV
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          Daftar Merek Komputer PC di Pasaran Indonesia    
Melengkapi tulisan sebelumnya mengenai Tips Membeli dan Membandingkan Harga Komputer PC, berikut ini data produsen dan merek komputer desktop dan laptop yang beredar di pasaran Indonesia. Rata-rata setiap produsen komputer ini memberi nama seri yang berbeda-beda pada merek komputer mereka. Untuk mengenal profil masing-masing, berikut daftarnya yang diurutkan secara abjad:


Merek Komputer PC

  • Acer, produsen piranti komputer yang berada di Taiwan, dikenal dengan PC dekstop dan laptop seri Acer Aspire.
  • Alienware, produsen hardware komputer dari Amerika, merupakan bagian dari perusahaan Dell, dikenal dengan laptop seri Alienware M.
  • Apple, perusahaan piranti komputer dan gadget multinasional yang berpusat di Amerika, dikenal dengan desktop seri Apple iMac dan laptop seri Apple MacBook.
  • Asus, perusahaan piranti komputer dari Taiwan, dikenal dengan desktop seri Asus CM dan laptop/netbook beragam seri seperti Asus eee PC, Asus X, Asus A, dan Asus Zenbook.
  • Axioo, produsen komputer yang berbasis di Singapura, dikenal dengan desktop seri Axioo Mimo dan laptop seri Axioo Neon, Axioo Pico, dan Axioo RNO.
  • Dell, perusahaan komputer multinasional yang berpusat di Amerika, dikenal dengan desktop dan laptop seri Dell Inspiron, Dell Latitude, Dell Vostro, dan Dell XPS.
  • Fujitsu, produsen komputer dari Jepang, dikenal dengan laptop seri Fujitsu LifeBook.
  • HP (Hewlett-Packard), perusahaan komputer multinasional dari Amerika, dikenal dengan desktop dan laptop dengan beragam seri seperti HP Pavilion, HP Compaq, HP ProBook, HP EliteBook, dan HP Envy.
  • Lenovo, perusahaan komputer multinasional dari China yang berkantor pusat di Amerika, dikenal dengan desktop Lenovo IdeaCentre dan Lenovo ThinkCentre, serta laptop seri Lenovo IdeaPad dan Lenovo ThinkPad.
  • MSI (Micro-Star International), produsen komputer dari Taiwan, dikenal dengan desktop seri MSI WindTop dan laptop seri MSI FX.
  • Samsung, produsen elektronik dari Korea Selatan, dikenal dengan laptop seri Samsung NP.
  • Sony, produsen elektronik dari Jepang, dikenal dengan laptop seri Sony Vaio.
  • Toshiba, produsen elektronik dari Jepang, dikenal dengan desktop seri Toshiba Regza dan laptop seri Toshiba NB, Toshiba Satellite, dan Toshiba Portege.
  • Zyrex, perusahaan komputer dari Indonesia, dikenal dengan desktop seri Zyrex Tactical dan laptop seri Zyrex Cruiser, Zyrex Ellipse, dan Zyrex Sky.

          25 Raksasa Penghasil Minyak Terbesar Dunia   

Minyak dan gas (migas) sudah menjadi bagian kebutuhan energi bagi masyarakat di dunia sejak dahulu kala. Mulai dari kebutuhan rumah tangga, hingga pasokan energi bagi industri.

Komoditas alam ini ikut menjadi pusaran prioritas bisnis pencetak uang di dunia. Suka tidak suka, perusahaan-perusahaan penggali migas yang ada di seluruh dunia membuat bumi tetap berputar dan akan terus berjalan selama beberapa tahun ke depan. 

Di antara perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut bahkan ada yang mampu memproduksi minyak hingga jutaan barel setiap hari.

Ingin tahu perusahaan minyak mana saja yang menjadi penopang kebutuhan energi dunia. Berikut 25 perusahaan  minyak terbesar di dunia, mengacu pada kapasitas volume produksi per hari seperti melansir laman Forbes, Rabu, (12/6/2013):


1. Saudi Aramco 
Produksi: 12,5 juta barel per hari

Sejauh ini, Saudi Aramco merupakan perusahaan energi terbesar di dunia dengan pendapatan lebih dari US$ 1 miliar per hari. Lahan tambang terbesar Saudi Aramco bisa menghasilkan 5 juta barel per hari.

2. Gazprom

Produksi: 9,7 juta barel per hari

Gazpum, perusahaan asal Rusia merupakan produsen gas alam terbesar di dunia. Keuntungannya bisa mencapai lebih dari US$ 40 miliar per tahun.

3.  Iranian Oil Co

Produksi: 6,4 juta barel per hari

Iran dipaksa menghentikan produksi minyaknya menyusul sanksi internasional.  Meski begitu, Iran tetap menjadi produsen minyak dan gas terbesar di dunia.

4. ExxonMobil 

Produksi: 5,3 juta barel per hari

Keuntungan tahunan Exxon sebesar US$ 40 miliar terlihat sedikit dibandingkan transaksi penjualan yang melambung hingga US$ 400 miliar. 

Exxon saat ini tengah membahas kerjasamanya dengan produsen minyak raksasa Rusia, Rosneft.

5. PetroChina 

Produksi: 4,4 juta barel per hari

Perusahaan minyak milik negara ini merupakan yang ketiga terbesar di China. PetroChina juga memiliki catatan pasar tertinggi dibanding penjualan dari produsen lain. 

Saat ini China sudah memproduksi lebih banyak minyak daripada ExxonMobil.

6. BP

Produksi:  4,1 juta barel per hari

Saat ini BP tengah kewalahan mempertahankan jumlah produksi 4,1 juta barel per hari. Perusahaan tengah membahas penjualan 50% sahamnya di TNK-BP Rusia atau setara dengan sepertiga hasil produksi.

7.  Royal Dutch Shell 

Produksi : 3,9 juta barel per hari

Shell berharap musin panas ini bisa mulai mengebor minyak di pantai Chuckchi Alaska. Selama bertahun-tahun Shell terus menyempurnakan rencana pengeboran minyaknya di beberapa lokasi tambang.

8. Pemex

Produksi: 3,6 juta barel per hari

Hasil produksi lahan tambang terbesar di Mexico, Cantarell anjlok sebanyak 2 juta barel per hari. Sisanya saat ini hanya sekitar 600 ribu barel per hari. 

Pemex berperan menutupi kelangkaan akibat kurangnya pasokan minyak dari pertambangan lain.

9. Chevron

Produksi : 3,5 juta barel per hari

Chevron membeli Atlas Petroleum pada 2010 seharga US$ 4,3 miliar untuk menambah lahan di Marcellus dan shale Utica. Dengan harga gas yang rendah, sebagian mengharapkan kesepakatan yang lebih besar.

10. Kuwait Petroleum Corp

Produksi: 3,2 juta barel per hari

Perusahaan minyak Kuwait ini berdiri pada 1934 oleh perusahaan yang saat ini dikenal sebagai Chevron dan BP. Pada 1975, perusahaan kemudian dipatenkan menjadi milik negara. 

Saat ini, operasi tambang di Burgan yang merupakan lahan terbesar Kuwait dilanjutkan Chevron.

11. Abu Dhabi National Oil Co
Produksi: 2,9 juta barel per hari

Abu Dhabi merupakan pusat kekuatan Uni Emirat Arab. Posisinya yang strategis dimanfaatkan untuk membangun saluran pipa minyak ke Fujairah guna memudahkan ekspor ke luar.

12. Sonatrach

Produksi; 2,7 juta barel per hari

Gas alam mendominasi hasil produksi perusahaan energi nasional Algeria ini. Kebanyakan hasil produksinya di ekspor ke Eropa.

13. Total

Produksi:  2,7 juta barel per hari

Presiden Prancis Francois Hollande mengenakan jenis pajak baru pada inventasi minyak terhitung Juli 2012. 

Dalam tanggapannya, CEO Total Christophe de Margerie mengatakan, tindakan ini akan menguras US$ 200 juta pendapatan Total pada 2012 dan mengganggu sektor penyulingan minyak yang sedang tak baik.

14. Petrobras 

Produksi: 2,7 juta barel per hari

Mantan CEO Petrobas Sergio Gabrielli menyerahkan jabatan pada bos baru Maria das Gracas Silva Foster Februari lalu. 

Perusahaan sedang berupaya untuk mengembangkan lahan minyak raksasa dengan kedalaman tinggi di luar negeri.

15.  Rosneft 

Produksi: 2,6 juta barel per hari

Sama dengan Gazprom, Rosneft adalah perusahaan minyak milik Russia. Presiden Rusia Vladimir Putin terlihat menghadiri diskusi yang menandakan kerjasama Rosneft dan ExxonMobil untuk mengeksplorasi pantai-pantai di negaranya.

16. Iraqi Oil Ministry 

Produksi: 2,3 juta barel per hari

Peringkat Irak sebagai produsen minyak terbesar di dunia bisa terus meningkat karena lahan-lahan tambang raksasanya terus berproduksi.


Pengeboran tahap 2 di Qurna Barat, proyek yang dioperasikan Lukoil milik Rusia menghasilkan sekitar 13 miliar barel.

17. Qatar Petroleum
Produksi: 2,3 juta barel per hari

Mayoritas produksi Qatar adalah gas alam yang tersebar ke seluruh dunia sebagai gas alam cair (LNG).  Qatar menyediakan lahan gas alami terbesar di dunia yang di bawah tanah Persian Gulf dengan Iran.

18. Lukoil 

Produksi: 2,2 juta barel per hari

Lukoil didirikan tahun 1991 oleh Mantan Wakil Menteri Vagit Alekperov yang masih menjalankan perusahaan hingga saat ini. Dirinya memiliki 20% saham perusahaan seharga US$ 13 miliar.

19. Eni 

Produksi: 2,2 juta barel per hari

Eni adalah produsen minyak unggul di Italia. CEO Eni Paolo Scaroni dalam beberapa tahun menyusun landasan kerjasama dengan perusahaan-perusahaan seperti Pdvsa, Venezuela dan Rosneft, Rusia.

20. Statoil 

Produksi:  2,1 juta barel per hari

Pemerintah Norwegia memiliki 67% saham di Statoil. Investasi perusahaan di Amerika sudah mencapai lebih dari Us$ 20 miliar termasuk akuisisi Bakken-focused Brigham Exploration sebesar US$ 4,7 miliar pada 2011.

21. ConocoPhillips 

Produksi: 2 juta barel per hari

Tahun ini ConocoPhillips meluaskan bisnis kilang minyaknya menyusul keinginan Phillips 66 untuk fokus pada operasi-operasi di permukaan.

22. Petroleos de Venezuela

Produksi: 1,9 juta barel per hari

Perusahaan minyak Venezuela yang lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Pdvsa ini, lebih terlihat sebagai bank pribadi Presiden Hugo Chavez yang membuat perusahaan menderita karena harus membayar program-program sosialnya. Hasil produksi sendiri sudah menurun sejak 1998.

23. Sinopec 

Produksi: 1,6 juta barel per hari

Sinopec merupakan kilang minyak terbesar China. Tahun ini Sinopec menghentikan usaha shale-nya dengan Devon Energy.

24. Nigerian National Petroleum 

Produksi: 1,4 juta barel per hari

Di tengah-tengah kehancuran ekonomi akibat korupsi di industri minyak negara Nigeria, Presiden Goodluck Jonathan juga diketahui melakukan korupsi pada beberapa eksekutif.

25. Petronas 

Produksi: 1,4 juta barel per hari

Perusahaan minyak raksasa Malaysia membangun markasnya di menara kembar Petronas. Petronas belakangan melebarkan sayap bisnisnya ke luar negeri dan saat ini sedang dalam proses negosiasi dengan perusahaan gas Progress Energy Kanada untuk memperoleh dana sebesar Us$ 5,4 miliar. (Nur)



          Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose   
Dan Drezner is kicking Britain -- and the American foreign policy commentariat -- while they're down. The essay is mostly good, although regular readers of this blog probably won't find much of it new, but I must disagree with part of his conclusion:
There is no denying that the relative power of the United States is less now than it was a decade ago.
I think that is deniable. A decade ago the U.S. had alienated many of its allies, the United Nations, and all of the BRICs by invading Iraq with a "coalition of the willing" led by a president which half of the country believe did not actually win the 2000 election. Some suggested that American democracy was at risk at home, while its foreign partnerships -- especially NATO -- were similarly endangered. A decade ago the U.S. was still recoiling from the 9/11 attacks and was braced for a very dangerous future. A decade ago the European Union was resurgent, Iran was less isolated (and more recalcitrant), and China was building up its "Beijing Consensus". All of the talk in IR/FP circles was about decoupling, anti-American balancing, the end of legitimacy of American economic leadership via multilateral institutions like the IMF, WTO, and World Bank, and the end of security leadership via the UN and NATO. For all of George W. Bush's posturing, the U.S. faced some very severe challenges, and handled almost all of them pretty poorly.

Some of these persist, but Drezner is correct to note that at this point all of the potential challengers to U.S. primacy have faltered, while the U.S. is picking itself back up. We're talking about "relative" power, remember, so let's just ask who is on the other side of the U.S. in this equation. The E.U.? The BRICs?

Sean Starrs has a very interesting paper out on "early view" in International Studies Quarterly making the case that American economic superiority hasn't slipped at all since the crisis. Here's the abstract:
This paper argues that a fundamental failing in the debate on the decline of American economic power is not taking globalization seriously. With the rise of transnational corporations (TNCs), transnational modular production networks, and the globalization of corporate ownership, we can no longer give the same relevance to national accounts such as balance of trade and GDP in the twenty-first century as we did in the mid-twentieth. Rather, we must summon data on the TNCs themselves to encompass their transnational operations. This will reveal, for example, that despite the declining global share of United States GDP from 40% in 1960 to below a quarter from 2008 onward, American corporations continue to dominate sector after sector. In fact, in certain advanced sectors such as aerospace and software—even in financial services—American dominance has increased since 2008. There are no serious contenders, including China. By looking at the wrong data, many have failed to see that American economic power has not declined—it has globalized.
This paper is interesting in two ways. First, it recasts the discussion away from monadic attributes -- GDP share, say -- towards global categories -- market share of American multinational corporations. Second, it suggests that the old "relative power" discussions, which tend to be cast in dyadic terms, is also inappropriate. Instead we need to think globally. If China increases its GDP share relative to the U.S. but does so by importing American technology, adding a small amount of value, then exporting a finished product, the statistics will show a big GDP boost from exports but can we really say China has gained on the U.S. in any meaningful way? As Susan Strange once wrote, becoming a blue collar worker in service to American white collar management does not make you more powerful than the Americans. The old dependency theorists understood this quite well even if they got some other things wrong. Add to this Benjamin Cohen's recent work (with Tabitha Benney) showing that the US dollar has not slipped in importance in the monetary system (recent events have demonstrated this), and my dissertation (recently defended) showing that American prominence in global banking has increased since the crisis, and the overall picture looks clear: relative to recent history, the U.S.'s power position has not changed and has in some ways improved.

At the same time, China's immaturity has made many of its neighbors nervous. Japan, Korea, and Australia have increased security and economic ties with the U.S. which had slipped a bit a decade ago. The Transpacific Partnership will likely extend these gains. China's inability to encourage others to bandwagon with it is evidence that it has not gained much, if any, leverage on the United States. China's increasing reliance on the world's baddies -- which are increasingly under threat -- as sources of raw materials and markets for trade and FDI is not an indication that it is moving it into a position at the core of the global system. The inability of China to make ASEAN+3 a meaningful institution -- or develop any other -- is another weak spot, as is its recent growth slowdown, financial instability, and the fact that it faces 250-500 domestic protests per day.

Or perhaps I could put it another way. If, in 2003, I had told you that the Iraq and Afghanistan wars would be a disaster, the U.S. would propagate the worst global financial crisis since the 1930s, the Middle East would be in utter turmoil, the biggest development in American politics is the rise of right- and left-wing protest movements, China would grow at 10%/year over the course of the decade and that the net result of all of this is that the U.S. has become more prominent in the global economic and security systems... you'd probably think I was insane.

But that's what's happened.
          Atomic Bombs and Audiences   
LFC points to an article by Ward Wilson suggesting that the Japanese did not surrender in WWII because of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but because the USSR dropped its neutrality with Japan. This argument presumes that the USSR's policy change was independent of the US's decision to drop the bombs, and the US's decision to drop the bombs when it did was independent of any consideration other than motivating Japanese surrender. Given what was going on in Europe (and China) at the time this seems exceptionally unlikely. Stalin had bigger fish to fry than securing marginally better terms of surrender for the Japanese Emperor, and he had agreed at Yalta to declare war on Japan within three months. The US had already conceded half of Europe but was determined to keep the USSR out of Asia. Given the rapidly-expanding US/USSR rivalry and the US's technological advantage it was in Stalin's interest to mollify the US at least until the USSR could also develop atomic weaponry.

I.e., just move the question back a step: why did the USSR pick precisely that moment to revisit their position as a potential intermediary between the US and Japan? There are two candidates. First is the Yalta agreement. Second is the deployment of the atomic bombs. Here the timing of the US dropping the bombs becomes important. The US could have dropped the bomb at any time from July 15th forward. August 8th was the deadline for the Soviets to enter the Pacific theater per the Yalta agreement. Hiroshima was August 6th. The USSR entered on August 8th by invading Manchuria (it was still the 7th in Moscow, but the time difference meant it was the 8th in Tokyo). Nagasaki was August 9th.

There is quite a lot of evidence that Stalin did not recognize the significance of atomic weaponry until it was used, and some good reasons to think that the bombs were in fact dropped primarily for the benefit of Soviet audiences, not Japanese. Stalin believed this anyway. The bombs -- or at least the second one -- were probably dropped to keep the Soviets out of E. Asia. There is no other good explanation for why the first bomb was dropped just before the deadline for Soviet intervention on the terms agreed at Yalta, or for why the second bomb was dropped at all.

From hindsight this makes the use of atomic weapons less justifiable on strategic as well as moral grounds. The Soviets obviously took from this experience that the Americans were quite dangerous and were in fact imperial. The dropping of the bombs hardened Stalin and perhaps made the Cold War more dangerous than it needed to be. This was made clear by the Bolshoi speech in 1946. Whether or not the bombings had any deterrent effect from 1945-1949 (the period before the USSR successfully detonated a bomb) is difficult to discern, but once the Soviets had achieved nuclear parity (or close enough to it) competitive brinksmanship was probably inevitable. It may have been anyway, but the U.S. took the first step by bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Any other possible paths of history were cut off at that moment.

Another example of why we should be wary of Ceteris Paribus Theories of International Relations.
          The Tiananman Square Protests Weren't Liberal   
One of my favorite blogs is Echoes, subtitle "Dispatches from Economic History", at Bloomberg. There isn't a unifying theme other than contextualizing current events by looking to past episodes. The authors are experts on each topic -- i.e. there aren't just one or several folks writing every day -- and I almost always learn something from the post.

For example, that the Tiananman Square protests weren't exactly liberal. The author of the piece is a sociologist as Kansas State who has studied Chinese development since 1949, and he says that the protesters were "radical reactionaries". This atypical conjunction means that they were anti-authoritarian but also anti-capitalism.

The story goes like so. The early reforms economic reforms in China benefited rural farmers and initially urban consumers as well, but after awhile industrialization efforts and a plateau in farm production increased price inflation. At the same time corruption increased. This hit urbanites particularly hard. They demanded more political access, but mostly so that they could reverse economic reforms. Thus, they urbanites were "radical reactionaries". I guess that means the rural farmers were "conservative revolutionaries".

Deng refused to yield, but had the protests been successful China might've ended up with the opposite of what they've had over the past generation: political reform without economic reform. Ironically this would have hurt urban dwellers in the long run, since the economic reforms Deng undertook eventually benefited them the most.

Anyway, it's certainly not the textbook version of the story. But elements of this still resonate, as this Dissent article about the contemporary anti-reform movement in China illustrates.
          Sacrificing Atiwa Forest for ‘China Bauxite’ wrong – Inusah Fuseini   
China’s move to commit to $15 billion into Ghana’s economy could have some far reaching implications on the environment, given the deal will be anchored by Ghana’s natural resources, specifically bauxite.
          This is how it ends.    

Our flight landed in Seattle at 1:35 in the afternoon. Ty and I claimed our duffels in the International Baggage Terminal and accompanied them through Customs. As he was connecting to another flight and I was not, we would part company at this point. It caught me by surprise that this was Goodbye. I felt like I should have had something memorable to say, but my sleep-induced stupor left me as groggy and confused as Ty had looked when we met below the Hilary Step. 
"Let's get together again some time and not do this," he quipped. 
"Yeah," I agreed. 
We hugged and turned separate ways. 

I was riding the escalator up from the satellite tram when it occurred to me Lin would almost certainly be waiting at the top.  I felt my senses lurch to life.  I had spent so many hours imagining this moment, hoping it would not be diminished by the baggage of failure on the climb, and now I was seconds away from seeing her sweet smile. I tried to improve the horrific state of my hair, but my hand trembled too much to accomplish anything. She would be in costume, as has been her custom meeting me upon my return from each prior climb.  What would it be? A Yak? That would be fair after my dressing as a Penguin the last time I picked her up at an airport.  The stairs began curling over the top and I could see the faces of the first few people.  Then straight ahead, a few feet back, she stood draped in pink veils and exotic shawls. It was Lin's interpretation of a Sherpa woman, and though it looked more "Genie in a bottle" I could not have been more taken. Lin held a sign announcing my accomplishment, OUR accomplishment. I gathered her up in my arms while the people next to us speculated aloud as to  what "7 Summits" stood for, and in that instant all we had risked and any rewards that may follow did not matter.  We were together and safe and done. 


P.S. 
I have some links I would like to share with you. 
Here are three short videos from the incredibly talented Elia Saikaly. 
The Trek to Everest Base Camp.  This was filmed last year. 
Everest Base Camp.  Also filmed in 2012, this is footage of Base Camp only. 
Time Lapse of climbing Everest. This was filmed throughout the 2013 Everest Season. It is AWESOME! The second frame is of our Camp 2 site. The American flag is the same one raised by our Air Force Team Members at the summit. 

Three of our Air Force Team members appearing on Fox.  I feel so much pride when I watch these guys. 
Myself, doing an interview on The Zone sports radio show. Sorry about the sound quality, we did this over the phone. 
Ty appearing on Anchorage TV  Who would have thought he owns a suit?!
Myself crossing a ladder in the Everest Icefall The Dave-cam returns!
POV shot while I crossed a crevasse.
Above the Icefall. Me. Note the reassuring self-talk. 

So many thank you's; 
My family; Lin, Trevor, Chase, Mom, my Step-Dad, Dad, and sisters Michelle, Noelle and my climbing partner Ty. You believed in me. You believed in my journey. You sweated the moments. You celebrated the summit. I can never thank you enough. 

My Friends; Sonia Alexis, who led the cheer and kept the practice in order while I was away. Chuck Blair, who added much needed levity. John Hanrahan and Rick Kaiser, who convinced me to keep writing.  Carol Masheter, who helped me believe I could do it. Pastor Mike Unverzagt, who provided spiritual counsel.  Phil Drowley, who coached my mental preparation. Mike Locke, who designed my physical training. Dr. David Netboy, who consulted on various physiological aspects of the climb.  Acupuncturist Timothy Lamb, who stuck needles in my person to remedy the various self-inflicted wounds I suffered throughout training and the climb. 

My Readers; Sharing this experience was central to what I hoped to do.  As I left for Everest this blog had almost 500 page views. It is now approaching 30,000. You view this blog from the United States to China, Russia to South Africa, Australia to Finland, and many other countries around the globe. You have been generous with your comments. loyal with your visits, and watchful into all hours of the night. We climbed Everest together. You and I. And I am grateful to have had you on my Team.  



          The Everest Ledger.   
Thamel district in Kathmandu.
Three days passed before our gear duffels arrived in Kathmandu from Lukla.  In that time Ty and I allowed ourselves the consumption of whatever food and drink seemed even mildly amusing. The French Open was underway so we passed many hours watching it on the television in our room. Ty is a huge tennis fan. He would wake at 3 a.m. to see a certain match broadcast live.  I watched mostly so I could entertain myself, floating fictional red herrings about each player. “I understand Federer was recently photographed kicking a dog,” I would offer casually. “Sharapova has a dwarf named Juan Pedro in her entourage,” I said as she took the court, then adding “always carries a loaded crossbow.” Unless the match was already a blowout Ty rarely rose to the bait. 

I frequented the hotel spa for massage, had my first shave with a straight razor, and caught up with my blog.  We did not go to the Monkey Temple, or the Palace. The activity board in the lobby offered everything from zip line rides to river rafting. Ty and I passed on all of them. We were done. We just wanted to go home. 

The four hour flight from Kathmandu to Dubai delivered us into a world of modern amenities that hummed with vibrance, even at one in the morning. The contrast to everything we had known for the last two months was unsettling. The ticket agent at the Emirates Airline counter took pity on our confused and bedraggled state.  “You cannot ride in economy class on this flight,” he informed us in a deadpan fashion. 
“Why is that,” Ty asked, alarmed we had somehow been bumped. 
“Because we have upgraded you both to Business Class,” the agent quipped with a smile. 

I ordered a Bloody Mary as soon as the jet lifted off. Lowering the motorized privacy screen that separated my recliner from Ty’s, I asked “Have you got any Grey Poupon?”  The flight attendant brought us warm towels and shaving kits, slippers and eye shades.  After breakfast she made each seat into a fully prone bed with sheets and pillows.  I settled in to sleep off as much of the fourteen hour flight as possible, but my mind would not quiet. It needed to make a final accounting of things before critical information was lost in the comforts of the life I would return to. 

Our team suffered the tragic loss of DaRita Sherpa.  This will be with us.  Frostbite injuries claimed a few toes and fingers. Pulmonary Edema afflicted two of us, necessitating helicopter evacuation. One hybrid climber, a woman from China, suffered some manner of mental breakdown after descending from her failed summit bid. She had to be carried to the helicopter pad, despondent and limp. In exchange, 12 of 23  IMG Climbers realized a personal dream, summiting Mt Everest. A fair bargain? Certainly not. How could it be? That said, most everyone involved would choose to do it all over again. Indeed, several will.  This is perhaps the greatest mystery of Everest. 

But the costs of an Everest expedition cannot be viewed in sum anymore than the benefits. Both reside on the personal ledgers of the individuals who chose to take part.  For all the talk of “Team”, Everest remains very much an individual endeavor with rewards differing climber by climber. Still the question remains as to what precisely those rewards are. 

I have read the opinions of those who believe it is all done for “bragging rights” or status.  This is pure none sense. There is no amount of ego large enough to get a climber to the summit of Everest. Period. I will stand by that the rest of my days. One might show up with such designs, but he will quickly be slapped to the ground. Better he should lie and save the money.  

Ironically, I found most Everest climbers, at least ostensibly, to be climbing for someone else; a cause, a charity, a fallen friend. In as much as rewards are derived from this they probably take the form of quiet satisfaction. Admirable, but still not enough to balance the costs.  

When I press Climbers to explain themselves the rewards are illusive,  often becoming sand passing through their fingers. George Mallory once put it this way;
“People ask me, 'What is the use of climbing Mount Everest?' and my answer must at once be, 'It is of no use.'There is not the slightest prospect of any gain whatsoever. Oh, we may learn a little about the behaviour of the human body at high altitudes, and possibly medical men may turn our observation to some account for the purposes of aviation. But otherwise nothing will come of it. We shall not bring back a single bit of gold or silver, not a gem, nor any coal or iron... If you cannot understand that there is something in man which responds to the challenge of this mountain and goes out to meet it, that the struggle is the struggle of life itself upward and forever upward, then you won't see why we go. What we get from this adventure is just sheer joy. And joy is, after all, the end of life. We do not live to eat and make money. We eat and make money to be able to live. That is what life means and what life is for.” 


For myself, I will say it this way; I stayed true to my path.

I have long told my sons it is more important in life to know when you are on your path than to know where it is going. It is as if you were blindfolded, walking a gravel path that winds through an open field. You would have to listen for the sound of the rocks beneath your shoes. Life tells us when we are on our path, if we find the peace to listen. We wander off it now and again, but can find our way back if we move with care and an alert ear. This path represents a best-case scenario for your time here. It incorporates the precise unique combination of gifts you have been given. Parts of it will not make sense at the time. You must trust they are essential and eventually will ring true. And while there is no way of seeing where it is taking you, you may rest assured you are getting there under the best possible circumstances. 

I was meant to climb Everest. It was on my path. I enjoyed many rewards along the way and I’ve tried to share them in these pages. But to me the greatest reward was being able to stay on my path, even when it stretched skyward to the highest point on earth. 

          Parliament needs to scrutinise $15 billion Chinese loan - Dr. Joe Abbey   
Economist Dr Joe Abbey is pushing for parliamentary scrutiny for the $15 billion package from China to ensure that the country actually secures the facility.
          Parliament needs to scrutinise $15 billion Chinese loan - Dr Joe Abbey   
Economist Dr Joe Abbey is pushing for parliamentary scrutiny for the $15 billion package from China to ensure that the country actually secures the facility.
          Comment on Vettel may face FIA hearing over Hamilton collision | Comment by JCost   
<a href='http://www.f1fanatic.co.uk/members/nemo87/'>@nemo87</a> they sell the naming rights, it could be a good revenue stream. Imagine "Force China" or "Force Azerbaijan"...
              
NARS have decided to sell their products in China. I'd heard François Nars is a vegan so it's very disappointing that Nars (parent company is now Shiseido) is putting profits before the welfare of animals. Animal testing of beauty products is not needed (all cosmetics sold in China require unnecessary and inhumane animal testing)! Please go to @narsissist and let them know how you feel! #makeup #makeupobsessed #makeupaddict #beauty #beautygram #zoeva #nars #duoeyeshadow #stopanimaltesting
          Vamos viver o que se há pra viver...   
Daquelas coisas que vejo no FB e acho que não é lá que devo compartilhar. E vamos pras listinhas interessantes!
Dando check no que já fiz e marcando o que não farei jamais (errr... o que HOJE acho que não farei):
Morar sozinho ✔️
Comprar carro novo ✔️
Fazer um cruzeiro ✔️
Casar
Divorciar  
Casar novamente ✔️
Se apaixonar 
Faltar a escola 
Ver alguém nascer 
Ver alguém morrer 
Visitar o Nordeste ✔️
Conhecer o Sul ✔️
Conhecer os EUA  ✔️
Conhecer Paris  ✔️
Conhecer Amsterdam
Conhecer Alemanha
Conhecer Londres  ✔️
Conhecer a África
Conhecer a China
Conhecer a Argentina  ✔️
Aparecer na TV 
Aparecer em um filme
Se apresentar numa peça de teatro 
Se apresentar num espetáculo de dança - Quase ✔️ (Será na próxima semana!!!)
Tietar alguém famoso
 ✔️
Dançar na chuva
Tocar guitarra
Cantar no karaoke 
Ver neve caindo✔️
Chorar de tanto rir 
Andar em uma ambulância ✔️
Fazer xixi de tanto rir ✔️
Chorar de soluçar 
Realizar um sonho ✔️
Tomar um porre
Ter um filho 
Perder um filho
Plantar uma árvore 
Comprar uma bicicleta 
Comprar um patins ✔️
Escrever um livro  ✔️
Ter um animal doméstico 
Curtir a praia olhando o pôr do sol✔️
Ver o sol nascer sentado na areia da praia
Nadar sem roupa ✔️
Andar de trenó ✔️
Andar de Jet Ski
Andar de moto 
Saltar de um avião  ✔️
Saltar de bungee jump
Fazer uma loucura de amor 
Andar a camelo
Andar a cavalo 
Aparecer no jornal 
Aparecer em revistas 
Fazer uma cirurgia 
Ficar internado 
Achar que ia morrer 
Andar de helicóptero
Doar sangue   (não posso, por motivos médicos)
Ir ao cinema sozinho ✔️
Por um piercing 
Fazer uma tatuagem ✔️
Dirigir um carro automático  ✔️
Fazer mergulho  ✔
Viajar sozinho ✔
Ficar na parte de trás do carro de polícia
Ganhar multa por excesso de velocidade ✔️
Ter um osso quebrado ✔️
Ter pontos em algum lugar do corpo ✔️
Mudar de cidade ✔️
Ganhar na mega sena
Ganhar um prêmio em um bingo ✔️
Colocar tudo num carro e começar a vida num novo lugar
Virar noite acordado festejando ✔️
Resumindo... Ainda há muito a ser vivido. By the way, já vivi um bocado, também!!!

          Penemu Sepanjang Masa   
A


* Al-Jazari, (12th century), Mesopotamia — Crankshaft
* Archimedes, (c 287 BC-212 BC), Greece — Archimedes screw
* Ami Argand, (1750-1803), France — Argand lamp
* Edwin H. Armstrong,(1890-1954), USA — FM radio
* William George Armstrong, (1810-1900), UK — hydraulic crane
* Joseph Aspdin, (1788-1855), England — Portland cement
* John Vincent Atanasoff, (1903-1995), United States — modern programmable computer
* Neil Arnott, (1788-1874), UK — waterbed

B


* Charles Babbage, (1791-1871), UK — Analytical engine
* Roger Bacon, (1214-1292), England — magnifying glass
* Leo Baekeland, (1863-1944), Belgian–American — Velox photographic paper and Bakelite
* Ralph H. Baer, (1922-), German born American — video game console
* John Logie Baird, (1888-1946), Uk — an electromechanical television
* Donat Banki, (1859-1922), Hungary — inventor of the carburetor
* John Bardeen, (1908-1991), USA — co-inventor of the transistor
* Anthony R. Barringer Canadian – American — INPUT (Induced Pulse Transient) airborne electromagnetic system
* Earl W. Bascom, (1906-1995), Canada and United States — side-delivery rodeo chute, hornless rodeo saddle, rodeo bareback rigging, rodeo chaps
* Eugen Baumann, (1846-1896), Germany — PVC
* Trevor Baylis, (1937-), UK — a wind-up radio
* Francis Beaufort, (1774-1857), France — Beaufort scale
* Arnold O. Beckman, (1900-2004), USA — pH meter
* Alexander Graham Bell, (1847-1922), Canada — telephone
* Karl Benz, (1844-1929), Germany — the petrol-powered automobile
* Emile Berliner, (1851-1929), Germany and USA — the disc record gramophone
* Tim Berners-Lee, (1955-), UK — with Robert Cailliau, the World Wide Web
* Bi Sheng (Chinese:畢昇), (ca.990-1052), China — clay movable type printing
* Laszlo Biro, (1899-1985), Hungary — modern ballpoint pen
* J. Stuart Blackton, (1875-1941), USA — stop-motion film
* Otto Blathy (1860-1939), Hungary — co-inventor of the transformer, wattmeter, alternating current (AC) and turbogenerator
* Katharine B. Blodgett, (1898-1979), UK — nonreflective glass
* Nils Bohlin, (1920-2002), Sweden — the three-point seat belt
* Joseph-Armand Bombardier, (1907-1964), Canada — snowmobile
* Robert W. Bower, (1936-), USA — self-aligned–gate MOSFET
* Seth Boyden, (1788-1870), USA — nail-making machine
* Walter Houser Brattain, (1902-1987), USA — co-inventor of the transistor
* Louis Braille, (1809-1852), France — the Braille writing system
* Karl Ferdinand Braun, (1850-1918), Germany — cathode-ray tube oscilloscope
* Harry Brearley, (1871-1948), UK — stainless steel
* John Moses Browning, (1855-1926), USA — automatic handgun
* Edwin Beard Budding, (1795-1846), UK — lawnmower

C


* C`ai Lun, (50 AD - 121), China — paper
* Marvin Camras, (1916 - 1995), USA — magnetic recording
* Chester Carlson, (1906-1968), USA — Xerography
* Wallace Carothers, (1896-1937), USA — Nylon
* Dennis Charter, (1952-), Australia — Secure Electronic Payment System
* Adrian Chernoff, (1971-), USA — GM Autonomy, GM Hy-wire, Rubber Bandits
* Niels Christensen (1865- 1952), USA — O-ring
* Samuel Hunter Christie, (1784-1865), UK — Wheatstone bridge
* Christopher Cockerell, (1910-1999), UK — Hovercraft
* Jacques Cousteau, (1910-1997), France — co-inventor of the aqualung and the Nikonos underwater camera
* Aeneas Coffey, (1780-1852), Ireland, heat exchanger, inventor of the Coffey still
* Holger Crafoord, (1908-1982), Sweden — inventor of the artificial kidney
* János Csonka, (1852-1939), Hungary — co-inventor of carburetor
* Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, (1725-1804), France — automobile
* Juan de la Cierva, (1895-1936), Spain — the autogyro
* William Cullen, (1710-1790), UK — first artificial refrigerator
* Glenn Curtiss, (1878 - 1930), USA — ailerons
* Corliss Orville Burandt, USA — Variable valve timing
* Joseph Constantine Carpue, (1764-1846), France — rhinoplastic surgery
* Joseph Bienaimé Caventou, (1795-1877), France — caffeine, chlorophyll, strychnine
* George Cayley, (1773-1857), (UK) — tension-spoke wheels, Caterpillar track
* Georges Claude, (1870-1960), France — neon lamp
* Josephine Cochrane, (1839-1913), USA — dishwasher
* Cornelis Corneliszoon, (1550-1607), The Netherlands — sawmill
* Bartolomeo Cristofori, (1655-1731), Italy — piano
* William Cumberland Cruikshank, (1745-1800), UK — chlorinated water

D


* Gustaf Dalen, (1869-1937), Sweden — AGA cooker; Dalen Light; Agamassan
* Salvino D'Armate, (?-?), Italy — credited for inventing eyeglasses in 1284
* Joseph Day, (1855-1946), UK — the crankcase compression two stroke engine
* Lee DeForest, (1873-1961), USA — triode
* Sir James Dewar, (1842-1923), UK — Thermos flask
* Miksa Deri (1854-1938), Hungary — co-inventor of transformer
* William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, (1860-1935), UK — motion picture camera
* Rudolf Diesel, (1858-1913), Germany — Diesel engine
* William H. Dobelle, (1943-2004), United States — first functioning artificial eye
* Karl Drais, (1785-1851), Germany — dandy horse (Draisine)
* Cornelius Drebbel, (1572-1633), The Netherlands — first navigable submarine
* Richard Drew, (1899-1980), USA — Sticky Tape
* Charles Brace Darrow, (1889-1967). USA — Monopoly
* Jacob Davis, (1868-1908), USA — riveted jeans
* Edmund Davy, (1785-1857), Ireland — acetylene
* Humphry Davy, (1778-1829), UK — Davy miners lamp
* Bryan Donkin, (1768-1855), UK — print industry composition roller
* John Boyd Dunlop, (1840-1921) UK — first practical pneumatic tyre
* Karl Drais, (1785-1851), Germany — velocipede


E


* George Eastman, (1854-1932), USA — film-roll
* Thomas Edison, (1847-1931), USA — phonograph, commercially practical light bulb, motion picture projector, stock ticker, etc.
* Willem Einthoven, (1860-1927), The Netherlands — the electrocardiogram
* Douglas Engelbart, (1925-), USA — the computer mouse [1]
* Rune Elmqvist, (1857-1924), Sweden — implantable pacemaker
* John Ericsson, (1803-1889), Sweden — the two screw-propeller
* Lars Magnus Ericsson, (1846-1926), Sweden — the handheld micro telephone
* Ole Evinrude, (1877-1934), Norway — outboard motor

F


* Samuel Face, (1923-2001), USA — concrete flatness/levelness technology; Lightning Switch
* Philo Farnsworth, (1906-1971), USA — electronic television
* James Fergason, (1934-), USA — improved liquid crystal display
* Reginald Fessenden, (1866-1932), Canada — two-way radio
* Adolf Eugen Fick, (1829-1901), Germany — contact lens
* Alexander Fleming, (1881-1955), Scotland — penicillin
* Sandford Fleming, (1827-1915), inventor of Standard Universal Time (1879)
* John Ambrose Fleming, (1848-1945), England — vacuum diode
* Benjamin Franklin, (1706-1790), USA — the pointed lightning rod conductor, bifocal glasses, the Franklin stove, the glass harmonica
* William Friese-Greene, (1855-1921), England — cinematography
* Buckminster Fuller, (1895-1983), USA — geodesic dome
* Gerhard Fischer, Germany/USA — hand-held metal detector
* Augustin-Jean Fresnel, (1788-1827), France — Fresnel lens
* Jean Bernard Léon Foucault, (1819-1868), France — Foucault pendulum (earth rotation), gyroscope, eddy current
* Benoît Fourneyron, (1802-1867), France — water turbine
* Enrico Fermi, (1901-1954), Italy — nuclear reactor
* Michael Faraday, (1791-1867), England — rubber balloon, electric transformer

G


* Dennis Gabor, (1900-1979), Hungary — holography
* Elmer R. Gates, (1859-1923), foam fire extinguisher, electric loom mechanisms, magnetic & diamagnetic separators, educational toy ("box & blocks")
* William Henry Gates III, (1955-), Windows operating system, chief architect of Visual Basic
* Robert Goddard, (1882-1945), USA — liquid fuel rocket
* Heinrich Göbel, (1818-1893), Germany — first functional incandescent lamp
* Peter Carl Goldmark, (1906-1977), Hungary — vinyl record (LP)
* Gordon Gould, (1920-2005), USA — co-inventor of laser
* Richard Hall Gower, (1768-1833), England — ship's hull and rigging
* Bette Nesmith Graham, (1924-1980), USA — Liquid Paper
* Chester Greenwood, (1858-1937), USA — thermal earmuffs
* James Gregory, (1638-1675), Scotland — reflecting telescope
* William Robert Grove, (1811-1896), Wales — fuel cell
* Otto von Guericke, (1602-1686), Germany — vacuum pump, manometer, dasymeter,
* Johann Gutenberg, (c 1390s-1468), Germany — modern movable type printing press
* Hans Wilhelm Geiger, (1882-1945), Germany — Geiger counter
* Henri Giffard, (1825-1882), France — powered airship, injector
* Charles Goodyear, (1800-1860), USA — vulcanization of rubber
* Samuel Guthrie, (1782 - 1848), USA — discovered chloroform
* James Henry Greathead, (1844-1896), South Africa — tunnel boring machine, tunnelling shield technique

H


* John Hadley, (1682-1744), England — the sextant
* James Hargreaves, (1720-1778), England — invented the spinning jenny
* John Harrison, (1693-1776), England — marine chronometer
* Victor Hasselblad, (1906-1978), Sweden — invented the 6 x 6 cm single-lens reflex camera
* Rudolf Hell, (1901-2002), Germany — the Hellschreiber
* Avram Hershko, (1937-), Hungary — Ubiquitin
* Jozef Karol Hell, (1713-1789), Slovakia — the water pillar
* Joseph Henry, (1797-1898), USA — electromagnetic relay
* George de Hevesy, (1885-1966), Hungary — radioactive tracer
* Erna Schneider Hoover, (1926-), USA — computerized telephone switching system
* Frank Hornby, (1863-1936), England — invented Meccano
* Heron, Greece — invented Aeolipile
* Joseph Hon – book index thumb notch system for dictionaries Patent #561888
* Christopher Hansteen, (1783-1873), Norway — discovery of terrestrial magnetism
* William Harvey, (1578-1657), England — blood circulation in the human body
* Robert A. Heinlein, (1907-1988), USA — waterbed
* Henry J. Heinz, USA — tomato ketchup
* Joseph Henry, (1797-1878), Scotland — electromagnetic relay
* Heinrich Hertz, (1857-1894), Germany — radio telegraphy, electromagnetic radiation
* Rowland Hill, (1795-1879), UK — postage stamp
* Felix Hoffmann (Bayer), (1868-1949), Germany — Aspirin
* Herman Hollerith, (1860-1929), USA — mechanical tabulator based on punched cards
* Nick Holonyak, (1928- ), USA — LED (Light Emitting Diode)
* Robert Hooke, (1635-1703), England — balance wheel, iris diaphragm
* Coenraad Johannes van Houten, (1801-1887), Netherlands — cocoa powder, cacao butter, chocolate milk
* Elias Howe, (1819-1867), USA — sewing machine
* Christiaan Huygens, (1629-1695), Netherlands — pendulum clock

I


* János Irinyi, (1817-1895), Hungary — noiseless match
* Sumio Iijima, (1939- ), Japan — nanotubes

J


* Karl Jatho, (1873-1933), Germany — aeroplane
* György Jendrassik, (1898-1954), Hungary — turboprop
* Thomas Jefferson, (1743-1826), USA — swivel chair
* Steve Jobs, (1955-), Macintosh operating system
* Carl Edvard Johansson, (1864-1943), Sweden — Gauge blocks
* Johan Petter Johansson, (1853-1943), Sweden — the pipe wrench and the modern adjustable spanner
* Nancy Johnson, USA — American version of the hand cranked ice cream machine in (1843)
* Scott A. Jones, (1960-), USA — created one of the most successful versions of voicemail as well as ChaCha Search, a human-assisted internet search engine.
* Whitcomb Judson, (1836-1909), USA — zipper

K


* Dean Kamen, (1951-), USA — Invented the Segway HT scooter and the IBOT Mobility Device
* John George Kemeny, (1926-1992), Hungary — co-inventor of BASIC
* Charles F. Kettering, (1876-1958), USA — invented automobile self-starter ignition, Freon ethyl gasoline and more
* Jack Kilby, (1923-2005), USA — patented the first integrated circuit
* Fritz Klatte, (1880-1934), Germany — vinyl chloride, forerunner to polyvinyl chloride
* Margaret Knight, (1838-1914), USA — machine that completely constructs box-bottom brown paper bags
* Ivan Knunyants, (1906-1990), Ukraine — invented Nylon-6
* Willem Johan Kolff, (1911-), Netherlands — artificial kidney hemodialysis machine
* Gleb Kotelnikov, (1872-1944), Russia — knapsack parachute
* Stephanie Kwolek, (1923-), USA — Kevlar
* John Howard Kyan (1774-1850), Ireland — The process of Kyanization used for wood preservation
* Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, (1853-1926), Netherlands — liquify helium
* Theophilus Van Kannel, revolving door (1888)
* John Harvey Kellogg, (1852-1943), cornflake breakfasts
* Robert Koch, (1843-1910), method for culturing bacteria on solid media
* Willem Johan Kolff, Netherlands/USA, (1911- ) — hemodialysis, pioneer in the field of other artificial organs

L


* Hedy Lamarr, (1913-2000), Austria and USA — Spread spectrum radio
* Edwin H. Land, (1909-1991), USA — Polaroid polarizing filters and the Land Camera
* Irving Langmuir, (1851-1957), USA — gas filled incandescent light bulb, hydrogen welding
* Lewis Latimer, (1848-1928), — worked with Thomas Edison and patented an improved lightbulb manufacturing process
* Gustav de Laval, (1845-1913), Sweden — invented the milk separator and the milking machine
* Sergei Vasiljevich Lebedev, (1874-1934), Russia — synthetic rubber
* Tim Berners-Lee, (1955- ) England — World Wide Web
* Justus von Liebig, (1803-1873), Germany — nitrogen-based fertilizer
* Frans Wilhelm Lindqvist, (1862-1931), Sweden — Kerosene stove operated by compressed air
* Archibald Low, (1882-1956), Britain — Pioneer of radio guidance systems
* Giovanni Luppis, (1813-1875), Austrian Empire (ethnical Italian) — self-propelled torpedo
* René Laënnec, (1781-1826), France — stethoscope
* Karl Landsteiner, (1868-1943), Austria — classification of blood groups
* Samuel P. Langley, (1834-1906), USA — bolometer
* John Bennet Lawes, (1814-1900), England — superphosphate or chemical fertilizer
* Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, (1632-1723), Netherlands — development of the microscope, discovery of bacteria, spermatozoa and celled organisms
* Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir, (1822-1900), Belgium — internal combustion engine, motorboat
* Willard Frank Libby, (1908-1980), USA — Radiocarbon dating
* Otto Lilienthal, (1848-1896), Germany — air glider
* Hans Lippershey, (1570-1619), Netherlands — telescope
* Auguste and Louis Lumière, France — Cinématographe

M


* Ma Jun, (c. 200-265 AD), China, South Pointing Chariot (for navigation, see differential gear), mechanical puppet theater, chain pumps, improved silk looms
* Charles Macintosh, (1766-1843), Scotland — waterproof raincoat, life vest
* George William Manby, (1765-1854), England — Fire extinguisher
* Guglielmo Marconi, (1874-1937), Italy — radio, transatlantic radiosignals
* John Landis Mason, (1826-1902), USA — Mason jars
* Henry Maudslay, (1771-1831), England — screw-cutting lathe, bench micrometer
* James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) and Thomas Sutton Scotland — colour photography
* John McAdam, (1756-1836), Scotland — improved "macadam" road surface
* Elijah McCoy, (1843-1929), Canada — Displacement lubricator
* Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, (1817-1880), France — margarine
* Antonio Meucci, (1808-1889), Italy — telephone (prototype)
* Edouard Michelin, (1859-1940), France — pneumatic tyre
* Narcis Monturiol i Estarriol, (1819-1885), Spain — steam powered submarine
* Robert Moog, (1934-2005), USA — the Moog synthesizer
* Montgolfier brothers, (1740-1810) and (1745-1799), France — hot-air balloon
* John J. Montgomery, (1858-1911), USA — heavier-than-air gliders
* Samuel Morey, (1762-1843), USA — internal combustion engine
* Garrett A. Morgan, (1877-1963), USA — inventor of the gas mask, and traffic signal.
* Samuel Morse, (1791-1872), USA — telegraph
* Jozef Murgas, (1864-1929), Slovakia — inventor of the wireless telegraph (forerunner of the radio)
* William Murdoch, (1754-1839), Scotland — Gas lighting
* Pieter van Musschenbroek, (1692-1761), Netherlands — Leyden jar, pyrometer

N


* Yoshiro Nakamatsu, (1928-), Japan — Floppy disk (world record holder for over 3,000 patented inventions)
* John von Neumann, (1903-1957), Hungary — Von Neumann computer architecture
* Isaac Newton,(1642-1727), England — reflecting telescope (which reduces chromatic aberration)
* Jun-Ichi Nishizawa, (1926-), Japan — Optical communication system, SIT/SITh (Static Induction Transistor/Thyristor), Laser diode, PIN diode
* Alfred Nobel, (1833-1896), Sweden — dynamite
* Carl Rickard Nyberg, (1858-1939), Sweden — the blowtorch
* John Napier, (1550-1617), Scotland — logarithms
* James Nasmyth, (1808-1890), Scotland — steam hammer
* Joseph Nicephore Niépce, (1765-1833), France — photography

O


* Theophil Wilgodt Odhner, (1845-1903), Sweden — the Odhner Arithmometer, a mechanical calculator
* Elisha Otis, (1811-1861), USA — passenger elevator with safety device
* J. Robert Oppenheimer , (1904-1967), USA — the father of the atomic Dome
* Hans Christian Ørsted, (1777-1851), Denmark — electromagnetism, aluminium

P


* Helge Palmcrantz, (1842-1880), Sweden — the multi-barrel, lever-actuated, machine gun
* Les Paul, (1915-), USA — Multitrack recording
* Spede Pasanen, (1930-2001), Finland — The ski jumping sling
* Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, (1871-1922), Croatia — mechanical pencil
* Gustaf Erik Pasch, (1788-1862), Sweden — the safety match
* Arthur Paul Pedrick, England — chromatically selective cat flap and others
* Henry Perky, (1843-1906), USA — Shredded wheat
* Peter Petroff, (1919-2004), Bulgaria — digital wrist watch, heart monitor, weather instruments
* Christopher Polhem, (1661-1751), Sweden — the modern padlock
* Olivia Poole, (1889-1975), USA, — the Jolly Jumper baby harness
* Baltzar von Platen, (1898-1984), Sweden — refrigerator
* Mihajlo Pupin, (1858-1935), Serbia — pupinization (loading coils), tunable oscillator
* Tivadar Puskas, (1844-1893), Hungary — telephone exchange
* Daniel David Palmer, (1845-1913), Canada — Chiropractic
* Luigi Palmieri, (1807-1896), Italy — seismometer
* Alexander Parkes, (1831-1890), England — celluloid
* Blaise Pascal, (1623-1662), France — barometer
* Charles Algernon Parsons, (1854-1931), British — steam turbine
* John Pemberton, (1831-1888), USA — Coca-Cola
* Joseph Plateau, (1801-1883), Belgium — phenakistiscope (stroboscope)
* James Leonard Plimpton, USA — roller skates
* George Pullman, (1831-1897), USA — Pullman sleep wagon

Q


R


* Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, (1845-1923), Germany — the X-ray machine
* Josef Ressel, (1793-1857), Czechoslovakia — ship propeller
* John Roebuck, (1718-1794) England — lead chamber process for sulfuric acid synthesis
* Erno Rubik, (1944-), Hungary — Rubik's cube, Rubik's Magic and Rubik's Clock
* Karl von Reichenbach, (1788-1869), paraffin, creosote oil, phenol
* Ira Remsen, (1646-1927), USA — saccharin
* Charles Francis Richter, (1900-1985), USA — Richter magnitude scale
* Ernst Ruska, (1906-1988), Germany — electron microscope

S


* Hassan Kamel Al-Sabbah, (1895-1935), Lebanon — solar power, cathode ray tube
* Kees A. Schouhamer Immink (1946- ), Netherlands Major contributor to development of Compact Disc
* Augustus Siebe, (1788-1872), Saxony&England Inventor of the standard diving dress
* Alberto Santos-Dumont, (1873-1932), Brazil — non-rigid airship and airplane
* Isidor Sauers, (1948- ), inventor of a process for measuring the degradation of SF6 in high-voltage systems
* Adolphe Sax, (1814-1894), Belgium — saxophone
* Christian Schnabel (1878-1936), German, designed simplistic food cutleries
* August Schrader, USA — Schrader valve for Pneumatic tire
* David Schwarz, (1852-1897), Croatia, — rigid ship, later called Zeppelin
* Bela Schick, (1877-1967), Hungary — diphtheria test
* Iwan Serrurier, (active 1920s), Netherlands/USA — inventor of the Moviola for film editing.
* Mark Serrurier, (190?-1988), USA — Serrurier truss for Optical telescopes
* William Bradford Shockley, (1910-1989), USA — co-inventor of transistor
* Werner von Siemens, (1816-1892), Germany — an electromechanical "dynamic"
* Sir William Siemens, (1823-1883), Germany — regenerative furnace
* Igor Sikorsky, (1889-1972), Ukraine — helicopter
* Charles Simonyi, (1948-), Hungary — Hungarian notation
* Aurel Stodola, (1859-1942), Slovakia - gas turbines
* Elmer Ambrose Sperry, (1860-1930), USA — gyroscope-guided automatic pilot
* Reverend Dr Robert Stirling (1790-1878), Scotland — Stirling engine
* Levi Strauss, (1829-1902), USA — blue jeans
* John Stringfellow, (1799-1883), England — airplane
* Almon Strowger, (1839-1902), USA — automatic telephone exchange
* Su Song, (1020-1101), China, invented the first hydraulic-powered astronomical clock tower that operated an armillary sphere with the escapement mechanism and chain drive
* Simon Sunatori, (1959-), Canada — inventor of Sunatori Pen
* Joseph Swan, (1828-1914), England — Incandescent light bulb
* Thomas Savery, (1650-1715), England — steam engine
* Marc Seguin, (1786-1875), France — wire-cable suspension bridge
* Henry Shrapnel, (1761-1842), England — Shrapnel shell ammunition
* Augustus Siebe, (1788-1872), Germany — standard diving dress
* Isaac Singer, (1811-1875), USA — sewing machine
* Percy Spencer, (1894-1970), USA — microwave oven
* George Stephenson, (1781-1848), England — steam locomotive
* Simon Stevin, (1548-1620), Netherlands — land yacht

T


* Bernhard Tellegen, (1900-1990), Netherlands pentode
* Edward Teller (Ede Teller), (1908-2003), Hungary — hydrogen bomb
* Nikola Tesla, (1856-1943), Serbian-Croatian-American — developer of the Tesla Coil and inventor of the induction motor, alternating current polyphase power distribution system, wireless communication, robotics, logic gates, the bladeless turbine, radio, VTOL aircraft, etc.
* Kalman Tihanyi, (1897-1947), Hungary — co-inventor of cathode ray tube and iconoscope
* Benjamin Chew Tilghman, (1821-1897), USA — sandblasting
* Alfred Traeger, (1895-1980), Australia — the pedal radio
* Franc Trkman, (1903-1978), Slovenia — electrical switches, accessories for opening windows
* Alan Turing, (1912-1954), England — the Turing machine

U


* Lewis Urry, (1927-2004), Canada — long-lasting alkaline battery

V


* Hub van Doorne, (1900-1979), Netherlands, continuously variable transmission
* Louis R. Vitullo, (1924?-2006), United States — developed the first sexual assault evidence kit
* Alessandro Volta, (1745-1827), Italy — battery
* Faust Vrancic, (1551-1617), Croatia — parachute

W


* Barnes Wallis, (1887-1979), England — bouncing bomb
* Robert Watson-Watt, (1892-1973), Scotland — microwave radar
* James Watt, (1736-1819), Scotland — improved Steam engine
* Jonas Wenström, (1855-1893), Sweden — three-phase electrical system
* George Westinghouse, (1846-1914), USA — Air brake
* Charles Wheatstone, (1802-1875), England — concertina, stereoscope, microphone, Playfair cipher
* Eli Whitney, (1765-1825), USA — the cotton gin
* Frank Whittle, (1907-1996), England — co-inventor of the jet engine
* Otto Wichterle, (1913-1989), Czechoslovakia — invented modern contact lenses
* Paul Winchell, (1922-2005), USA — the artificial heart
* Edmund Wingate, (c.1593-1656), England — straight slide rule
* A. Baldwin Wood, (1879-1956), USA — high volume pump
* Granville Woods, (1856-1910), USA — the Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph
* The Wright brothers, Orville Wright, (1871-1948) and Wilbur Wright, (1867-1912), USA — powered airplane
* Bruce Wydner, (1935-), USA — inventor of Cost-Effective Machine Translation
* Arthur Wynne, (1862-1945), England — creator of crossword puzzle
* Thomas Wedgwood, (1771-1805), England — first (not permanent) photograph

Y


* Hidetsugu Yagi, (1886-1976), Japan — Yagi antenna
* Yi Xing, (683-727), China, invented the first hydraulic-powered armillary sphere that used the escapement mechanism
* Arthur M. Young, (1905-1995), USA — the Bell Helicopter

Z


* Zhang Heng, (78-139), China, invented the first hydraulic-powered armillary sphere

Penemu Mesin uap Adalah James Watt Berasal dari Negara Inggris
Penemu Mesin 4 tak Adalah Nicolaus Otto Berasal dari Negara Jerman
Penemu Mesin diesel Adalah Rudolf Diesel Berasal dari Negara Jerman
Penemu Mesin cetak Adalah Johannes Guttenberg Berasal dari Negara Jerman
Penemu Mesin ketik Adalah Christopher Sholes Berasal dari Negara Amerika
Penemu Radio Adalah C. Marconi Berasal dari Negara Italia
Penemu Televisi Adalah J.L. Baird & C.F. Jenkins Berasal dari Negara Amerika
Penemu Telegrap Adalah Samuel F.B. Morse Berasal dari Negara Amerika Serikat
Penemu Telepon Adalah Alexander Graham Bell Berasal dari Negara Amerika Serikat
Penemu Dinamo Adalah Michael Faraday Berasal dari Negara Inggris
Penemu Elektromagnet Adalah Williarn Sturgeon Berasal dari Negara Inggris
Penemu Bola lampu Adalah Thomas Alva Edison Berasal dari Negara Amerika Serikat
Penemu Proyektor film Adalah Thomas Alva Edison Berasal dari Negara Amerika Serikat
Penemu Piringan hitam Adalah Alexander Graham Bell Berasal dari Negara Amerika Serikat
Penemu Batu baterai Adalah Volta Berasal dari Negara Italia
Penemu Termometer Adalah Galileo Galilei Berasal dari Negara Italia
Penemu Korek api Adalah Robert Boyle, John Walker Berasal dari Negara
Penemu Kapal api Adalah Robert Fulton Berasal dari Negara Amerika Serikat
Penemu Kapal selam Adalah Cornelius van Drebbel Berasal dari Negara Belanda
Penemu Sinar Rontgen Adalah Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Berasal dari Negara Jerman
Penemu Stetoskop Adalah Rene Laennec Berasal dari Negara Perancis
Penemu Lensa Adalah Anthony Van Leuwenhook Berasal dari Negara Belanda
Penemu Mikroskop Adalah Zacharias Janssen Berasal dari Negara Belanda
Penemu Teleskop Adalah H. Lippershey Berasal dari Negara Belanda
Penemu Kamera Adalah Louis Jacques Monde da Guerre & Edwin Land Berasal dari Negara Amerika
Penemu Pesawat terbang Adalah Wilbur dan 0. Wright Berasal dari Negara Amerika
Penemu Kereta api Adalah Murdocks Berasal dari Negara Inggris
Penemu Sepeda Adalah Civrac Berasal dari Negara Prancis
Penemu Balon terbang Adalah Sir F. Whittle
Penemu Balon karet Adalah Josep dan J. Montgolfier
Penemu Ban karet Adalah Charles Goodyear Berasal dari Negara Amerika
Penemu Barometer Adalah Evangelista, Torricelli Berasal dari Negara Italia
Penemu Dinamit Adalah Alfred Nobel Berasal dari Negara Swedia
Penemu Lensa kaca mata Adalah Benyamin Franklin Berasal dari Negara
Penemu Mesin hitung Adalah Blaise Pascal Berasal dari Negara Prancis
Penemu Mobil Adalah Gottlich Daimler
Penemu Motor Adalah Nikola Tesla
Penemu Tank Adalah Sir Ernest Swinton Berasal dari Negara Inggris
Penemu Traktor Adalah Benyamin Holt
Penemu Tangga jalan Adalah Elis G. Otis Berasal dari Negara Amerika
Penemu Kawat pijar Adalah Irving Langmuir

Sadi Carnot 1796-1832/Prancis penemu Carnot cycle dan Hukum Thermodynamik II

Carl Friedrich Gauss 1777-1855/Jerman terlalu banyak utk disebutkan, paling banyak kontribusinya di teori2 matematika

Leonhard Euler 1707-1783/JermanSwiss sama kayak gauss, terlalu banyak kontribusinya dibidang ilmu pengetahuan alam dan matematik untuk disebutkan. yang paling kesohor, bilangan euler "e=2,71828..."

Max Planck 1858-1947/Jerman Quantum Theori.


Carl Benz bersama Gottlieb Daimler / dua2nya Jerman penemu Autocar
Karlheinz Brandenburg 1954 /Jerman penemu MP3 format yg di pake sekarang di MP3 Player
Heinrich Hertz/ Jerman penemu Gelombang Mhz, Khz...
Manfred von Ardenne /Jerman penemu Televisi
Albert Einstein /Jerman Teori Relativitas
          Comment on Siemens Being Bought?? Unified Communications Keynote at UC Summit 2008 By Mark Straton of Siemens by cheap jerseyss   
nfl jerseys china shop (Emilia) cheap jerseyss
          110 pitbike   
110 PITBIKE £250 buy it now IN GOOD CONDITION NICE EASY BIKE TO RIDE AND HAS NEVER LET ME DOWN AND ALSO VERY POWERFULL FOR A 110CC STARTS FIRST KICK AND TICKS OVER LIKE A WATCH 1 DOWN 3 UP GEARS NOT CHEEP CHINA COPY GEARBOX HAS HAD NEW SPROCKETS AND CHAIN FITTED TYRES ARE VERY FAT WITH PLENTY OF TREAD LEFT ON THEM SPRARK PLUG AND OIL CHANGED AFTER EVER USE BRAND NEW BRAKE PADS IN BACK BRAKE (STILL NEED WEARING IN ) FRUNT BRAKE REGUIRES PADS ABOUT £5 OF EBAY NEW PLASTICS FITTED 2WEEKS AGO WITH MONSTER ENERGY GRAPHICS 140CC CARB ADDED FOR EXTRA POWER HERE IS A FEW PARTS ON THE BIKE THAT ARE ADDED EXTREAS RACE THROTTLE GOLD RIMS GOLD PETTY TANK CAP GOLD SUMP GARD PRO TAPER BARS AND PAD UPSIDE DOWN RACE FORKS WAVEY DICKS HEAVY DUTY REAR SHOCK 140CC CARB WITH SPUNDGE AIR FILTER PICK UP ONLY ANY QUESTIONS CALL 07842464145 £250 buy it now
          Lampion Plastik Buatan Joko yang Hanya Muncul Saat Lebaran   
saefur/ekspres
KEBUMEN (kebumenekspres.com)- Banyak cara dilakukan dalam memeriahkan hari raya idul fitri, mulai dari meriahnya kembang api hingga gemerlap indah lampion di atas langit saat malam hari.

Berbicara lampion, benda yang terbuat dari plastik dan kertas ini dipopulerkan oleh bangsa china dalam menyambut hari besar, seperti di Indonesia pada momen lebaran banyak penjual lampion plastik saat perayaan moment lebaran.

Nah, kini lampion semakin mudah didapatkan. Adalah Joko Satrio (32) pengrajin lampion plastik yang membantu membuat lebaran semarak.

Joko menjelaskan lampion plastik buatanya menggunakan bahan dasar plastik ringan yang disambung dan dibentuk oval dan diberi lubang di bawahnya. "Bahannya plastik, kawat dibentuk mirip balon namun kecil," katanya.

Pria warga Desa Klapasawit Kecamatan Buluspesantren tersebut menjelaskan ia berjualan lampion plastik hanya momen labaran saja. "Jualannya hanya mau lebaran saja, pasti ramai," katanya.

Satu buah lampipon plastik buatan Joko Satrio dibandrol dengan harga murah yakni Rp 7500, Rp 10 ribu hingga Rp 15 ribu. "Tergantung besar kecilnya lampion, semakin besar semakin mahal," katanya.

Lampion buatan Joko bisa digelar diarea alun alun Kebumen. "Jualannya di alun alun, sama di rumah, bisa pesen buat partai banyak," katanya.(*)

          Iskreno (i neiskreno) sta mislite o osobi iznad   
Nenormalna kolichina pozitivne energije u jednom malom vuchicu lol lol
          Typhoon Nepartak Heads for China After Killing 2 in Taiwan   
The storm hit Taiwan as a Category 4 typhoon, the second-most powerful category, with wind gusts reaching 140 miles per hour....
          Tuesday 5/6    

- för jag fuckade upp koderna med den andra -

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-HARDSTYLE-
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-MACHINAE SUPREMACY-
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          Comment on Expect to pay more for China hosting by IT Support Services   
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          Europe-Asia long-haul capacity up 6% this year; UK and China lead way for most seats as Aeroflot overtakes Lufthansa as #1 airline   

We take a closer look at capacity changes on long-haul routes between Europe and Asia since the beginning of 2014. Plus we reveal the top 15 airlines and leading countries at each end of the market and how fast they are growing (or not).  This year scheduled seat capacity on long-haul routes (those greater than […]

The post Europe-Asia long-haul capacity up 6% this year; UK and China lead way for most seats as Aeroflot overtakes Lufthansa as #1 airline appeared first on anna.aero.


           The strategic challenges of academic collaboration between UK and China in relationship to employability and creative curriculum    
Hammond, Lynne (2010) The strategic challenges of academic collaboration between UK and China in relationship to employability and creative curriculum. In: Knowledge Transfer in Higher Education: Enhancing Entrepreneurship, Employability and Global Citizenship in the 21st Century, April 2010, University of Salford. (Unpublished)
          2005 SUZUKI GSXR750K5 ANNIVERSARY SPECIAL NEW*   
hi friends: welcome to my website www.first188.com if you like electrical product please call me 0086-010-87133213we can keep in touch by msn or email Our website: www.first188.com MSN/EMAILL: first.188@hotmail.com We all know how exciting it can be to buy something for less on China, but we also know that you have to be careful too. Nothing could be safer or better than buying from the largest and most trusted dealer in the China , here's why: We are the largest motorcycle dealer in the China . Our technicians are factory trained with over 200 years of combined experience between them. Our service and back up is second to none. We are previous holders of the prestigious MCN Dealer of the Year Award. Nationwide Delivery is available, using our own specialist fleet of motorcycle delivery vans. Low cost finance schemes are available (subject to status), but if you've had credit problems, don't worry, GUARANTEED FINANCE is available, through Auto Accept Finance. We offer a massive selection of clothing accessories (official and aftermarket) which can be added to your finance packages if required. Huge demonstrator fleet is available for use anytime (conditions apply). We import motorcycles from all over the world and we have a massive selection of all types of bike under one roof (over 1500) including Custom and Cruiser bikes, Super Sports and Classic Used Japanese bikes, all in magnificent condition. Extended warranties of up to 4 YEARS are available. We are the largest used parts breaker and stockist in Europe. We offer low cost, buy in advance service packages. We offer low cost insurance (DK Insurance). If you're planning to visit us, we have great parking and catering facilities, so why not make it a day out?
          2006 SUZUKI GSXR1000K6 BLUE RED & SILVER AVAILAB   
hi friends: welcome to my website www.first188.com if you like electrical product please call me 0086-010-87133213we can keep in touch by msn or email Our website: www.first188.com MSN/EMAILL: first.188@hotmail.com We all know how exciting it can be to buy something for less on China, but we also know that you have to be careful too. Nothing could be safer or better than buying from the largest and most trusted dealer in the China, here's why: * We are the largest motorcycle dealer in the China. Our technicians are factory trained with over 200 years of combined experience between them. * Our service and back up is second to none. We are previous holders of the prestigious MCN Dealer of the Year Award. * Nationwide Delivery is available, using our own specialist fleet of motorcycle delivery vans. * Low cost finance schemes are available (subject to status), but if you've had credit problems, don't worry, GUARANTEED FINANCE is available, through Auto Accept Finance. * We offer a massive selection of clothing accessories (official and aftermarket) which can be added to your finance packages if required. * Huge demonstrator fleet is available for use anytime (conditions apply). * We import motorcycles from all over the world and we have a massive selection of all types of bike under one roof (over 1500) including Custom and Cruiser bikes, Super Sports and Classic Used Japanese bikes, all in magnificent condition. * Extended warranties of up to 4 YEARS are available. * We are the largest used parts breaker and stockist in Europe. * We offer low cost, buy in advance service packages. * We offer low cost insurance (DK Insurance). * If you're planning to visit us, we have great parking and catering facilities, so why not make it a day out?
          Workbench #10: Custom brass dowel nuts for my bench bolts   

I took a short break from wood today since I will quickly run out of things to do until my new Tenon Saw arrives. One thing that needs to get done is to make some dowel nuts for the bolts that will hold the long stretchers to the leg.

There are a couple of reasons I wanted/needed them to be custom. 1st was that I couldn’t find any that were sold separately from the bolts. Most of the “bench bolts” I have seen for sale are only 6 inches long and I needed 8 inch bolts since they have to go through a 5 inch leg. Next, none of the nuts I saw had fine threads on them. Fine threads have a better grip on them and are less likely to unthread themselves but you don’t see them very often because most people use coarse threads. Lastly, I needed 7 nuts in total. 4 nuts will hold the stretchers to the legs and 3 will hold the right end cap on the top of the bench.

So, I purchased a 12” long rod of 1” diameter Ultra Machinable Brass (Alloy 360) from McMaster Carr to make my own. With a 12” rod I could make each nut approximately 1-5/8 long after subtracting the kerf on my tablesaw blade which I planned to use to cut the rod to length.

Now I needed a way to hold the rod in place while I drilled it. I don’t have any metalworking drill press vises and I didn’t want to get one either. My 1st attempt was to quickly chisel out a v-groove in a block of scrap. This would have worked fine if I had used my tablesaw to make two 45° cuts to make a v-groove but I am not good enough with a chisel, so the rod rocked a bit. This would have been the proper way to do it and I shouldnt have been so lazy. I think my holes would have been more perpendicular with this approach as opposed to what I actually used, which proved a little too flexible.

I ended up finding some scrap which had a 3/8” groove cut near one edge and I clamped the rod to that. I also removed the MDF insert in my press table so it wouldn’t get soaked with oil and that gave me another convenient place to run a clamp through.

I marked off the length of each of the 7 nuts with a pencil and then punched the locations of the holes with a spring loaded center punch. The pencil ended up being a bad idea because with all the WD-40 I used to drill the holes there was no pencil lines left. It was a good thing I center punched the hole locations or I would never have known where they went.

The pilot drill size for a 1/2-20 thread in brass is 29/64 so I chucked the bit and started drilling. I only had WD-40 to use as a lubricant and I brushed that on the bit and sprayed some into the hole periodically and also kept raising the bit to clear chips once I started getting in deep. Something kept happening that I don’t really understand and I am not sure what the cause was. Each time the bit started to break through on the far side of the rod this happened:

Notice anything wrong? The bit kept grabbing and getting stuck as it tried to break through and the chuck came off its taper. Once I put the chuck back on each time there was no problem finishing the hole but I have no idea why that happened. I was using split point bits and my only guess is that 29/64 was too large a hole to drill without drilling a smaller pilot hole 1st.

After drilling all 7 holes I had a rather warm piece of brass that now needed to be tapped. Unfortunately, I don’t own a countersink so the start and finish of the threads is not as clean as it could be. I also did not focus enough on getting the tap perfectly normal to the rod when tapping. In one hole the threads are not really parallel with the axis of the hole. It should still work, it just looks odd.

And to make sure that I actually used the right tap I tested out a bolt:

7 tapped holes and 2 sore arms later I had some modern art:

I think a metal working vise, or any vise for that matter, would have really helped on these things. Holding the piece with 1 hand and tapping with the other is tiring and I scraped myself on sharp brass more than a few times. I did all this work before cutting the rod into sections because I figured it would be a lot easier to drill and tap all 7 holes with a nice long rod to hold onto. I think it worked out great.

Next it was time to figure out how to safely cut the rod to length. I found the aluminum angle that used to be the rear fence on my tablesaw and clamped the rod to that. This not only stabilized the rod well but let me support the rod with a clamp so nothing could move around during the cut. I used an 80 tooth carbide tipped blade and it cut beautifully through the brass.

Now I had 7 nuts that didn’t look too bad:

I thought they would look nicer with a chamfer on each end even though this serves no real purpose. In theory I guess it could make it a little easier to insert the nuts into their holes but since I plan to drill the holes 1/16” oversize it’s more for looks, which is silly since the nuts will be completely hidden but the shelves once everything is built. I don’t have a grinder to I grabbed a double-cut file and put the chamfers on by hand. Now they look more like store bought nuts:

The threads ran a little tighter than I was expecting. It could be that the source I found for the tap drill size was off a little bit or it could be that the threads on the bolts are a little rough in places but I was able to get the nuts on with not too much effort. They certainly were not free spinning. I actually don’t mind that they are a little on the tight side because it means they won’t be loosening themselves up during use. Here is the complete set on their bolts… The long bolts are 8 inches long for the legs and the shorter ones are 6 inches long for the end cap:

With a little light left outside I decided at this point to finish up the drill press work on the legs. I drilled the 1/2” through hole for the bench bolts as well as the 3/8” holes that will get the drawbore pegs. The drawbore holes are a 4” deep blind holes and will leave a bit of glue space for the pegs which will probably be about 3-3/4” long.

Here you can see the drill going through the mortise (that I still need to clean up with a chisel). I didn’t get any tearout on the inside of the mortise so I guess I could have done the chisel work 1st and not worried about the walls of the mortise.

I think that is enough for 1 day. As expected, the long stretchers moved around a bit after I did the rough jointing and planing. After another week or so I will try to take them down to final size and then start cutting the tenons on the ends and see how well these bolts hold everything together.


          Manifestantes pró-democracia de Hong Kong são presos antes de visita de líder chinês   

Ativistas escalaram monumento para protestar contra a China. Segundo a polícia, prisão foi causada por 'distúrbio público'. 
          PRESENZA REALE   
Giovedì Santo – Messa in Cœna Domini

Le letture del giovedì santo sono tutte ambientate in contesti conviviali. Viene subito da chiedersi se la salvezza non sia intimamente legata al nostro bisogno di nutrimento. Riguardano l’organizzazione di una cena e la manducazione di un agnello le istruzioni della Pasqua in Egitto. È sempre durante una cena che i discepoli vengono raggiunti nel basso dei piedi dal loro Signore e Mastro, con un gesto di invincibile (com)passione. Nella cornice di quell’ultima cena Gesù pronuncia le parole di eterna alleanza che paolo ricorda ai cristiani di Corinto. 

«Questo è il mio corpo, che è per voi;
fate questo in memoria di me» (1Cor 11,24)

Perché è così determinante per Dio raggiungerci proprio nel cuore di un momento così ordinario e, al contempo, essenziale alla vita? Forse perché è proprio a partire dal cibo che noi impariamo a riconoscere l’amore. Ricevere nutrimento, per noi, non è solo una questione di sopravvivenza, ma di quintessenza. Non possiamo vivere senza qualcuno che si prenda cura di noi, ci nutra, ci faccia crescere. Ecco perché Dio sceglie di mostrarsi e salvarci proprio attorno a una mensa. Là dove siamo costretti a riconoscere che la vita da soli non possiamo darcela.

«Se dunque io, il Signore e il Maestro, ho lavato i piedi a voi, 
anche voi dovete lavare i piedi gli uni agli altri. 
Vi ho dato un esempio, infatti, 
perché anche voi facciate come io ho fatto a voi» (Gv 13,14-15)

Mentre Mosè spiegava agli ebrei come l’agnello andava mangiato, il Signore Gesù mostra ai discepoli come bisogna fare dopo aver mangiato: chinarsi nel servizio, offrire se stessi, diventare nutrimento. La celebrazione dell’eucaristia — che il quarto vangelo non racconta ma presuppone — ci educa a diventare cibo per gli altri, a consegnarci per amore. Non però come schiavi, ma come uomini e donne liberi. Per questo restano imprescindibili le prescrizioni dell’Esodo, da non leggersi solo come un invito a consumare in fretta e in vigilanza il pasto, ma anche come una raccomandazione a mangiare per potersi muovere e per affrontare con regalità il santo viaggio della vita. 

Ecco in qual modo lo mangerete: 
con i fianchi cinti, i sandali ai piedi, il bastone in mano; 
lo mangerete in fretta. È la Pasqua del Signore! (Es 12,11)

È proprio la regalità l’atteggiamento che Gesù cerca di trasmettere ai discepoli, chinandosi ai loro piedi, non prima di aver tolto le vesti per poi riprenderle di nuovo. Un modo fine per dichiarare che la vita non si può mai perdere se la si offre. Anzi, solo in una logica di offerta piena, si può comprendere quello che la nostra tradizione chiama “presenza reale” del Signore Gesù nell’eucaristia. Prima di diventare una sottigliezza teologica, quest’affermazione vuol dire che “davvero” il Signore ci nutre con la sua stessa vita, che il Signore è realmente presente in quello che dice e quello che fa. Diversamente da noi che, spesso, non siamo realmente presenti là dove siamo. L’eucaristia ci soccorre e ci raggiunge proprio in questa debolezza, dandoci la forza di essere davvero presenti nel cuore delle relazioni che ci stanno più a cuore. Quelle che magari, nel tempo, sono diventate (anche) fatica e dolore, croce e martirio. Il sangue sulle porte della nostra vita, ormai, non è un segno di un fallimento, ma il certificato di realtà dei nostri giorni. Davanti a questo segno Dio — lo ha promesso — non può che avere pietà di noi. Non può che riconoscere il suo Figlio, offerto e donato per la nostra salvezza.  

Il sangue sulle case dove vi troverete servirà da segno in vostro favore:
io vedrò il sangue e passerò oltre (12,13)

          Linkpost | 6.15.2011   
Updated 2:32 p.m. • China’s Cyberassault on America – Former presidential national security chief Richard Clarke says China is conducting a systematic cyberwar on the U.S., and so far we’re not doing anything to protect the national’s information networks. • LulzSec opens hack request line – You can call a phone number and request potential
          QUANDO AMOR I BEGLI OCCHI A TERRA INCHINA   
Quando sus ojos Laura a tierra inclina
las manos, y enclavija, y las desata
con sospirar, y aquellos ays remata
con una voz angelica divina.

De mi corazón haze tal rapiña,
ansi todo el sentido me arrebata,
que la muerte tendría por muy grata,
si tal merced el cielo me destina.

Mas del raro sonido la dulçura
de tal partida el alma mia refrena
con desseo de boz tan delicada.

Ansi esta qu' es del cielo acá Syrena,
tal vez detiene, y tal vez appressura
el hilo de la vida que me es dada.

Francesco Petrarca- Sonetos
          Chinas „Seedrache“ sinkt auf 5000 Meter Tiefe   
Mehr als 5000 Meter in weniger als drei Stunden: Ein bemanntes chinesisches Hightech-Tauchboot hat einen neuen Landesrekord in den Tiefen des Pazifiks aufgestellt. Das eigentliche Ziel sind die Rohstoff-Lagerstätten am Meeresboden.
          „Seedrache“ soll im Meer nach Rohstoffen fahnden   
China nimmt sich die Tiefsee vor: Forscher bereiten im Pazifik den Test eines hochmodernen Tauchboots vor, das bald so tief sinken soll, wie kein anderes. Peking hofft, mit dem Wunderwerk riesige Rohstoffdepots am Meeresboden zu entdecken - um sie dann auszubeuten.
          igra istine   
Sve shto je u kontrolisanim kolichinama neje shtetno, misllim... roll

A jel Vam se pije kafa ? wink
          Tiefseeroboter soll Hightech-Metalle fördern   
China verknappt das weltweite Angebot an Seltenen Erden, jetzt kontert Japan: Ein neuer Roboter soll am Meeresboden nach den Hightech-Metallen suchen. Allerdings hält die Volksrepublik dagegen - und droht mit einer weiteren Exportbeschränkung.
          2nd Lady Appeals For Chinese Support In Poverty Eradication Drive   
The Second Lady, Mrs Samira Bawumia, has appealed to the International Poverty Reduction Centre in China (IPRCC) to support Ghana in the fight against poverty. Since the founding of the People rsquo;s Republic of China, the Communist Party has vigorously taken up the fight against poverty, moving over 700 million out of its clutches, acco ...
          Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan): A Wave of Censure   
It has been day 10 since the tragic event brought about by the most forceful typhoon ever to make landfall this year in the Philippines (and the world for that matter), and still the Philippine government's rescue, recovery and relief operations in the affected areas in the Visayas are still in their infancy. If not for foreign aid and the private sector, the Yolanda victims would be akin to zombies now.

photo courtesy of www.china.org.cn
There are those who are offended by the seemingly endless gripes and negativity of netizens regarding the government’s response to “Yolanda”. I get the point. It’s not nice to “bash” even your worst enemy. However, when we are talking about the safety, relief and eventual rehabilitation of disrupted lives, I think I’ll take on Peque Gallaga’s side this time. Of course I stand united with the Filipino people regarding “Yolanda”.  I and the rest of my family are doing what we can to aid the victims of Yolanda, but that doesn’t mean that I’ll just close my eyes on the incompetence and inefficiency of the leaders of the community. My gripe is not (primarily) on the seemingly snail-pace deployment of relief but more on the apparently non-existent contingency plan of the government in dealing with the aftermath of a disastrous event.

What have these cabinet members been doing? Probably grand-staging behind their desks on a daily basis. Feeling important attending meetings and other behind-the-desk activities. Busy with their calculators in estimating their mid-year and year-end bonuses. Siphoning off money from the Filipino people to support their (and their family’s and cohort’s) grand lifestyle. Formulating the chain of commands in the event of an emergency situation but forgetting to create a plausible and practical system to deal with the problem. It’s like telling your child to cook a meal but failing to give him the proper training and instruction on cooking that meal.

The Filipinos have short-term memory. Look! Impeached  Ex-President Erap is mayor of Manila! The wife, son and daughter of Pres. Marcos are elected officials!

Filipinos are highly sentimental. Look! BS Aquino is president, thanks to his famous parents! Bong Revilla (and his wife, son, brother and sister), Tito Sotto are public officials just because they are famous actors.

We have spoiled our elected officials by us Filipinos rallying to compensate for their shortcomings. It has always been like that. We have been patient and tolerant of our elected officials for the longest time that we have helped mold them into what they are today - corrupt, incompetent, inefficient, indolent, dishonest and arrogant.

Does a “united” nation in times of plenty and distress equate to a nation where inapt public officials get away with almost everything? Just because you chose to elect an ineffectual fool (better yet, fools as the distinction is not exclusive to one person), you expect the rest of the Filipinos to just bear and grin, then compensate for the lack? Do we say thank you Korina for your donation of blue and yellow slippers with your name stamped on it?  Thank you Jejomar Binay for your packs of goodies with your face and name stamped on each bag.

I personally see no harm with the wave of criticism hitting the government. I think these clamors are like fuses propelling the government’s snail-paced operations into speed.  Hopefully, the din of criticism will also push the government into action in formulating an effective rescue, relief and rehabilitation system for our country.

What? We are just a poor country and have no means for such?  President BS Aquino’s PDAF alone is in the trillions! I don’t even know how many zeros there are in a trillion.

When the DILG top honcho announce to the world (via television) that it is not the Philippine government’s top priority to look for possible survivors of “Yolanda”… what do we do?

 Say “aaaahhh… okaaaayy... yordamhan!”

Puh-leeze....


          O Porto das Almas - Lars Kepler [Opinião]   
Título: O Porto das Almas
Autor:
Lars Kepler
Tradutor: Regina Valente
Págs.: 392
PVP: 17,70 €

Depois de uma série protagonizada pelo inspetor Joona Linna, já publicada em Portugal pela Porto Editora, Lars Kepler apresentam desta vez um novo protagonista, a soldado Jasmin, e acrescentam uma dose de sobrenatural a uma trama com o ritmo intenso e surpreendente a que já habituaram os seus leitores.

Sinopse:
Jasmin é uma mulher soldado do exército sueco colocada no Kosovo que vive para o filho, Dante, cujo pai é um camarada de armas, um homem instável que tenta afogar os horrores da guerra em álcool e drogas. No Kosovo, Jasmin fica gravemente ferida e, durante a hospitalização, enquanto se encontra entre a vida e a morte, a sua alma parte para uma misteriosa e sobrelotada cidade portuária, um porto de almas, de onde os que morrem jamais regressarão. Mas Jasmin é forte e consegue escapar.
Dois anos após a sua primeira experiência na cidade dos mortos, um acidente rodoviário obriga Jasmin, desta feita acompanhada pelo filho, a regressar: todavia, só ela é que consegue escapar ao porto das almas. O caso de Dante, que está à espera de uma operação, é muito mais grave, e Jasmin não pode abandoná-lo à mercê da cidade misteriosa: a sua única opção é voltar, uma vez mais, e lutar por quem ama, num jogo terrível de vida e morte no qual é provável que saia derrotada.

A minha opinião: 
Se os fãs da dupla Lars Kepler estavam à espera de uma nova aventura de Joona Linna terão de esperar por 2018.

Desta feita a dupla sueca traz-nos um livro completamente diferente do que já tem habituado os seus leitores. Pode dizer-se que é um livro completamente atípico e cujo tema não me agrada particularmente, mas que curiosamente me prendeu de tal maneira que não o conseguia deixar de ler.
Apaixonei-me pela história de Jasmin e das suas experiências de quase morte.

Jasmin é uma mulher soldado do exército sueco em missão no Kosovo até que fica gravemente ferida e é levada para um hospital em Budapeste.

Enquanto está entre a vida e a morte, Jasmin é "levada" para o Porto das Almas, onde vê alguns dos seus homens, soldados, a embarcar numa barcaça.

As imagens do porto na China provinham da noite em que o comando tinha festejado o Ano Novo Chinês enquanto que a fila de pessoas no cais era um reflexo mental dos rapazinhos que esperavam a execução no Kosovo.

Nessa experiência Jasmin conhece um jovem sueco, com ascendência chinesa, que a ajuda a chegar a porto seguro sem se magoar. Sim, porque aquele porto das almas é tudo menos pacífico e todos procuram o mesmo: voltar à vida, alcançando um visto que lhes permita fazer esta "viagem" e são capazes de tudo.

Esta não será a única experiência de Jasmin no porto já que a ex-soldado, uns anos mais tarde, se verá "obrigada" a regressar para poder salvar quem realmente ama. E, ao longo das quase quatrocentas páginas, vamos acompanhando Jasmin, uma mulher que me apaixonou, a expiar os seus medos, a ter de enfrentar todos os que não acreditavam nela e que a julgavam louca.

Sim, já tenho saudades do Joona Linna, mas não importava nada que este fosse o primeiro livro de uma nova série. A dupla garante, com este livro isolado, que não escreve apenas magistralmente policiais, mas que se segura muito bem noutros géneros literários.

Para ler e reter. Recomendo







          STEM Education - The Power of the Investment   

Science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education is getting a lot of attention from the White House and from private industry. As a non-parent, I really do have a stake STEM education. On the surface it seems like a good idea to invest $250 million dollars, since most of it is coming from Intel. Why should I care? The most basic reason? My own safety and survival.

I have seen the eradication of entry level employment. I look at industrial employment and it is a fraction of what it was 40 years ago. We can't run an economy on just service jobs or service entrepreneurs. Even contemporary vocational education is caught between providing a necessary skilled workforce and lack of resources to train those students interested in paraprofessional training.

There are increasing groups of young people who have never held a job or had access to employment. I also know that those same young people face increasing competition from middle age and older folks who have no choice but to continue working because there are no retirement funds available for their future.

I don’t want to do the doom and gloom scenario. We have had enough of that. But first, I need to tell you a memory.

Long Ago A Teacher Tried To Tell Me...

School did one of two things to me; either bored me or made me feel incompetent. On the first day of junior high I came prepared. I had comic books, magazines and a newspaper for backup. You see, after six years of public school education I was resigned in my 7th grade to the idea that school was a major waste of my time. I was better served by day dreaming and catching up on the essential information that 16 Magazine and Tiger Beat provided.

I visualized my strategy. I had competition for the back row so I had to bust a move to make sure I got my seat. The back row in a crowded class was the perfect place to study the graphic artistry of Jack Kirby’s Fantastic Four.

The one thing I did not count on was my science teacher, Mr. Halverson. For one thing, he wasn’t old or crusty. No matter. I wasn’t going to let youth and good looks get between me and Dr. Doom snatching Sue Storm. I was studying page 3 when I sensed something was wrong.

The room was too quiet. People were paying attention. The class clown was silent. The Princess, whose nails must be inspected every fifteen minutes, was looking like she might be interested in something other than herself. Even the tough guys were checking him out; their Jeff caps were actually above their eyes.

This was not normal. I came up for air long enough to hear Mr. Halverson talking about expectations. What he wanted from us. What he was prepared to do to show that science was more than just a bunch of facts. That man was giving the pitch any sales man would have been proud to deliver except that he was selling access to knowledge.

I looked around. There were 34 other students in the room. I was the last skeptic. I held out for another five minutes and somehow, he made me believe.

Mr. Halverson was a good as his word. There were no new science books so he photocopied our current science reading material. He didn’t use the old-timey 1950 science slide strips or movies. We generally started class with the daily science news and how we were involved or where this was going. A lot of what he provided came out of his paycheck or his imagination.

There were no prepackaged science lab kits or a list of experiments to perform. We made our science projects with whatever we had around the house. I am proud to say that a project of mine caught on fire. Or did it blow up? Anyway it was unintentional. He made me feel good about the importance of failure.

We learned many lessons but being prepared for what life brought you, even if unexpected, that was ultimately his biggest lesson.

Did we turn into perfect students? No. There was a constant effort made to get him off track just to hear him talk about the future. He was on to us fairly quick and suckered us back to the lesson of the day. We worked it out. I can’t remember anyone voluntarily cutting his class. And yes, he did have to kick us out at the end of the period.

The Big Pay Back

I needed to tell you this memory because what Mr. Halverson brought into the classroom, besides his enthusiasm and actual regard for his students, was that he paid for what little extra we had in class. Many teachers, past and present, make this kind of investment for their students. I know many teachers do this because they don’t want to hear the crap about not in the budget or it is not going to be appreciated.

I think that Mr. Halverson would want to remind his former students that he was serious about preparing for the future. He would tell the administrator that teachers shouldn’t have to subsidize classroom education (or parents either). I think he and I would be asking with a calculator in hand where exactly did all that money go and who is spending it?

Well, he knows I’d ask. Some things and people just don’t change.

I think he would want to know that the focus would be on the needs of the students first and everything else is structured in service of the student’s education. We never talked about that, but I don’t think he would object too much. It is what I observed from him and it worked so yeah, I’ll bring that forward on his behalf.

Moving Forward, Again.

Over the next year it will be important to keep an eye on the many STEM initiatives and funding. My skeptical side feels like there is a gold rush warming up. That is not necessarily a good or bad thing.

What is important is that education will change. It has to because an educated, inventive work force is one of the means any country stays competitive in a global market. Intel, Cisco Systems and other industry contributors know this and that is part of the reason they are forking up cash money and their talent to make this happen.

Ok, it is good for their future business too. Let me put it another way. Ask India and China if their investments in education are paying off. Where are your computer or credit card customer support calls going? When you buy apple juice is it made in Oregon, Brazil or China? Last week I discovered my apple juice came from China.

It isn’t like there isn’t a world of things to create, repair and restore. Besides movies and music what else can we bring to the world? It is not impossible but we do have to get started.

Different Voices About STEM

There are dozens of stakeholders who have or are making an investment in technology education.

The Project Tomorrow - Speak Up is one of those places where students, parents and teachers have really good ideas on what a contemporary school needs. You can view a video of high school students sharing what they feel would be helpful in a school situation. Stories From School has a great post on the reality of implementing a requirement that might increase the drop out rate. The Learning Out Loud blog does have a questions about the STEM focus.

The Public Broadcasting System is working to provide a variety of STEM projects. One of the ways they are involved is through the program SciGirls. The show is targeted to girls aged 11-14. There is also the STEM Resource Center for Teachers and, I would assume, home schooling parents to show how their current programming can be adapted for additional educational resources.

On the academic side, many institutions are presenting themselves as portals to STEM education. Mary Bart of Faculty Focus takes a look at African American, Native American and Hispanic colleges and universities to see how they are implementing STEM instruction as well as honoring their chartered educational missions. Teachers.TV and Classroom 2.0 look at the ways that collaborative learning among teachers and education professional can be supported and resources obtained both within and outside of the traditional structures.

The new tools and resources don’t always cost an arm and a leg. At eLearn Tools for STEM take a look at some of the resources that could be put into place such as equation writers, videos and screen recorders.

Cisco Systems is the main supporter of GetIdeas.org a conversation with educational leaders talking about leadership, mission and global education. GetSchooled is funded by Viacom and supported by a number of other corporations. The goal is to find ways to reduce the drop out rate.

I hope that I and my classmates have paid the investment forward or at least try too. It is never too late and around here all voices are welcomed.

Gena Haskett is a BlogHer CE. Blogs:Out On The Stoop and Create Video Notebook


          Chinese coder involved in Google GMail attacks identified   

A couple of months ago, Google announced their intention to pull out of China after the GMail accounts of political dissidents within the country were hit by a massive and sophisticated attack which […]

The post Chinese coder involved in Google GMail attacks identified appeared first on Geek.com.


          Steph Curry a fan of Klay Thompson’s dancing skills   
Golden State Warriors guard Klay Thompson smiles while speaking at a news conference after Game 5 of basketball's NBA Finals between the Warriors and the Cleveland Cavaliers in Oakland, Calif., Monday, June 12, 2017. The Warriors won 129-120 to win the NBA championship. (AP Photo/Ben Margot)

Golden State Warriors guard Klay Thompson’s had an eventful trip to China, apparently. Just a couple days after he hit the deck on a failed 360 dunk attempt, Thompson showed off some of his dance moves at a club. A high-five for one fan, some jumping and a couple fist pumps for the two-time NBA […]

The post Steph Curry a fan of Klay Thompson’s dancing skills appeared first on FanRag Sports.


          China's navy launches latest-generation destroyer   

BEIJING (AP) - China's increasingly powerful navy launched its most advanced domestically produced destroyer on Wednesday, at a time of rising competition with other naval powers such as the United States, Japan and India.

The first 10,000-ton Type 055 entered the water at Shanghai's Jiangnan Shipyard on Wednesday morning, the navy said in a statement.


          Restricting Steel Imports Would Hurt Our Allies, Not China   

The Trump administration’s investigation of steel imports as a possible national security concern is the latest in a line of aggressive actions designed to boost... Read More

The post Restricting Steel Imports Would Hurt Our Allies, Not China appeared first on The Daily Signal.


          Attention: To All Flip-Flops Lovers   
...including myself. Get this. :) I got this forwarded email from a friend yesterday and it said that I should forward it to all my contacts - well, why not let everybody know about it?;)

These are photos of someone's feet who reportedly bought a pair of flip flops made in China and later on developed one of the worst kind of skin irritation.


There was no clear information found on the email so I tried to investigate on it and this is what I got: (a commentary posted at Hoax Slayer dated October 2007)
This emailed message includes several photographs depicting a woman's feet with a severe skin reaction apparently caused by a pair of rubber flip flops (usually called "thongs" in Australia and "jandals" in New Zealand). The message claims that chemicals used in the manufacture of the flip flops caused the rash. According to the message, the flip flops were made in China and sold cheaply in Wal-Mart stores in the US.

The case described in the message is true and the photographs are genuine. The afflicted feet shown in the images belong to Kerry Stiles of Marion County, Florida. Stiles has created a website that features information and a series of photographs depicting the results of apparent chemical burns caused by a pair of flip flops she purchased for $2.44 at the Marion County Wal-Mart. She bought the flip flops for a photo shoot and then wore them for around an hour. But she later developed the painful and debilitating skin reaction shown in the photographs. The strap-shaped appearance of the rash strongly suggests that it was indeed caused by the flip flops.

Yes, I didn't stop until I found what I was looking for - a confirmation whether this is indeed true. Well, if you still have some doubts, you can just ignore this. I am not trying to single out Chinese people for that matter, I just mean to make others aware of the danger that awaits those who are not careful in choosing the products they buy.

Actually I have sensitive skin and I almost always get skin reactions from mild to something like this one whenever I use products which are high in chemical. So what I do is, I try to avoid experimenting with products which I haven't or no one has ever tried before. Haha. :P

          Presseschau zu Obamas Wiederwahl: "Kein Präsident, der in den Krieg zieht"   
Die Zeitungen im Nahen Osten zwischen Algerien und Iran reagieren überwiegend positiv auf die Wiederwahl von Barack Obama. Der Präsident habe in seiner ersten Amtszeit zwar viele Erwartungen enttäuscht, Mitt Romney wäre nach Überzeugung der Kommentatoren jedoch das noch größere Übel geworden. Israelische Blätter fürchten eine weitere Verschlechterung des Verhältnisses zwischen Obama und Benyamin Netanyahu. Auch in Bahrains Presse schwingt Skepsis gegenüber dem Demokraten mit. Dafür sind sich israelische Kommentatoren mit der syrischen Parteizeitung al-Baath in einem Punkt einig: Obama sei kein Präsident, der einen Krieg im Nahen Osten wolle.

Eine Presseschau von Christoph Dinkelaker, Lea Frehse, Amina Nolte, Dominik Peters, Friedrich Schulze, Bodo Straub und Christoph Sydow

 Youssef al-Kuweilit äußert in seinem Kommentar für al-Riyadh aus Saudi-Arabien zunächst einmal seine Verwunderung darüber, dass Obama für eine zweite Amtszeit gewählt wurde - „trotz der Aufregung und Zweifel an seinem Glauben, seiner Kindheit, seines Geburtsorts und darüber, ob er vom islamischen Glauben seines Vaters beeinflusst wurde“. Der Präsident habe sich aber seine Wiederwahl durch seine Erfolge in Irak, Afghanistan und Libyen verdient. Kuweilit hebt auch hervor, dass sich Obama in seiner ersten Amtszeit „den wiederholten Erpressungen Israels“ widersetzt habe. Gleichwohl habe er gegenüber dem israelischen Siedlungsbau zu nachlässig gehandelt. Dennoch ist der Kommentator überzeugt: „Für die Länder zwischen Maghreb und Mashreq bleibt Obama der beste Präsident, auch wenn er Versprechungen gebrochen hat. Aber er hat viele Erfahrungen gesammelt und bleibt moderat im Vergleich zum Extremismus der Republikaner“.

Ibrahim Eissa, Kommentator der oppositionellen ägyptischen Tageszeitung al-Tahrir, sieht durch Obamas Wiederwahl schwierige Zeiten auf Ägyptens Präsidenten Mohammed Mursi zukommen. Die USA hätten den Muslimbrüdern zwar den Weg zur Macht am Nil geebnet, nun aber werde Washington dafür einen Preis verlangen. Das informelle Abkommen zwischen Obama und Mursi sah demnach so aus: „Die Muslimbrüder garantieren Israels Sicherheit und bändigen die Hamas. Sie verpflichten sich, sich für Amerikas Interessen einzusetzen und unter dem Banner des sunnitischen Islams in die Phalanx gegen Iran und die Schiiten einzutreten.“ Gleichzeitig habe Obama zugesichert, das Machtmonopol der Muslimbrüder nicht zu brechen. Dafür werde er in seiner zweiten Amtszeit aber eine Gegenleistung verlangen: Die Wiederherstellung von Ordnung auf dem Sinai, ein Ende der dortigen Präsenz von al-Qaida und anderen extremistischen Gruppen. „Dies wird Mursi Ärger mit seinen Freunden in Gaza einhandeln und den Zorn der Jihadisten auf dem Sinai entfachen“, ist Eissa überzeugt. Mursi werde deshalb Bedenken äußern. Die wichtigste Frage sei daher: „Wie geduldig wird Obama sein?“

"Obama will politische Lösung der Syrien-Krise"

Der Leitartikel der syrischen Staatszeitung al-Baath wartet am Donnerstag mit einer Überraschung auf: Es sei zu erwarten, dass Obama in seiner zweiten Amtszeit eine politische Lösung der Krise in Syrien suche, so das Blatt. Das liege zum einen an der Standfestigkeit des syrischen Volkes und der Armee und zum zweiten am Unwillen des US-Präsidenten, sein Land in einen neuen Krieg zu führen. „Ein Präsident, der in seiner Siegesrede sagt: 'Ein Jahrzehnt des Krieges ist zu Ende gegangen', der nach dem Rückzug seiner Armee aus dem Irak erleichtert aufatmet und der jetzt hart daran arbeitet, die US-Armee aus dem Sumpf in Afghanistan herauszuziehen, der denkt nicht an ein militärisches Abenteuer in Syrien, das die ganze Region in Brand setzen kann.“ Die USA steckten in einer schweren Wirtschaftskrise und hätten begriffen, dass sie nicht länger die einzige Weltmacht seien. Daher strebe Washington eine internationale Einigung auf eine politische Lösung der syrischen Krise an. „Schließlich kann die US-Regierung nicht länger die große Rolle der Qaida-Gruppen in Syrien übersehen, besonders nach dem er den Geschmack des Terrors in Bengasi selbst schmecken musste.“

Einen ganz anderen Aspekt beleuchtet al-Khabar aus Algerien. „Die Amerikaner wissen seit Mittwoch, dass Obama bis Anfang 2017 regieren wird. Sie brauchen keine Politiker oder Experten, die mit den Geheimnissen des Weißen Hauses vertraut sind, und die ihnen sagen, ob Obama die Verfassung ändern oder sein Amt aufgeben und irgendeinem ausgesuchten Nachfolger übergeben will.“ Ganz anders sei das in Algerien, kritisiert die Zeitung in ihrem Leitartikel. Niemand wisse ob Präsident Abdelaziz Bouteflika möglicherweise noch einmal die Verfassung ändern, und sich damit eine weitere Amtszeit sichern werde. Es sei ja noch nicht einmal klar, wie es um die gesundheitliche Verfassung des Staatschefs bestellt ist. Niemand gebe Auskunft darüber, warum der Präsident lange verschwinde und dann plötzlich wieder auftauche. In diesem politischen Klima zeige auch keiner der möglichen Nachfolgekandidaten seine wahren Absichten, in diesem algerischen System komme der am weitesten, „der seine politischen Ambitionen am besten versteckt.“

"Obamas Wiederwahl spaltet den Nahen Osten in zwei Lager"

In der Jordan Times schaut man vor allem enttäuscht auf die erste Amtsperiode des Präsidenten zurück: „Obama hat hohe Erwartungen geschürt, als er in den ersten Monaten seines Antritts Kairo und Istanbul besucht hat, um der arabischen Welt seine guten Absichten hinsichtlich des Israel-Palästina Konflikts und die guten amerikanischen Beziehungen mit den Muslimen zu bekräftigen. Aber wie ein Sprichwort sagt: 'Der Weg zur Hölle ist mit guten Intentionen gepflastert', so hat Obama seine guten Absichten nach seiner Rückkehr in die USA fallen gelassen, angeblich weil die Pro-Israel-Lobby und ihre Unterstützer sich weigerten, seine Absichten zu unterstützen. Deswegen ist Obamas Popularität in der arabischen und muslimischen Welt drastisch abgesunken, vor allem nach dem er Israel als „Verbündeten“ bezeichnet hatte und Netanyahu in seinem Konflikt mit Iran Unterstützung zusagte."

Auch in Bahrain wird die Wiederwahl Obamas mit gemischten Gefühlen aufgenommen. Die arabischen Länder bewerteten die Wiederwahl sehr unterschiedlich, schreibt Kassim Hussain für al-Wasat: "Die Wiederwahl Barack Obamas spaltete den Nahen Osten in zwei Lager: Während ein Lager versucht mit Schwierigkeit seine Freude zu verbergen, versucht das andere Lager sein Leid zu verbergen."

Diese Unterscheidung, so Hussain, verlaufe entlang der amerikanischen Einteilung des Nahen Ostens in eine „Achse des Bösen“ und eine „Achse der Guten“. Paradoxerweise begrüßten die Länder der „Achse des Bösen“ die Wiederwahl Obamas, die Länder der „Achse der Guten“ seien darüber eher enttäuscht. Den Grund sieht er in der eher milden Haltung Obamas gegenüber jenen Länden, denen Bush Junior noch Krieg angedroht habe. In Anspielung auf die NATO-Intervention in Libyen schreibt er:„Die Region, die vom arabischen Frühling erschüttert wurde, ist noch immer in zwei Lager gespalten: Regierungen, die von der Wiederwahl Obamas enttäuscht sind und Menschen die an der Idee festhalten, das es sich bewahrheitet dass die Amerikaner ihre Einstellung gegenüber den Menschenrechten ändern, wenn auch nur ein einziges Mal, und nicht ein weiteres Mal Menschenleben gegen Öl eintauschen“.

"Die Apokalypse wird morgen nicht eintreten. Das Paradies auch nicht."

Unter der Überschrift „Ein amerikanischer Traum“ stellt der Leitartikler des libanesischen L'Orient le Jour fest: „2008 haben die Amerikaner einen Traumfabrikanten ins Weiße Haus geschickt – was man ihnen nicht unbedingt zum Vorwurf machen kann – der es vier Jahre später immer noch nicht geschafft hat, diesen Traum zu verwirklichen, was nicht auf eine strahlende Zukunft schließen lässt. Weise oder nicht, sie haben sich für den amtierenden Präsidenten entschieden, den sie wenigstens schon kennen, anstelle eines Gegners, der sein Können bisher lediglich bei olympischen Winterspielen unter Beweis gestellt hat.“

Dieses Mal hätten sie Obama eine neue Aufgabe mit auf den Weg gegeben: Die Reihen zu schließen, die nie zuvor so gespalten waren. Angesichts der Mehrheit der Grand Old Party im Repräsentantenhaus sei jedoch zu bezweifeln, dass Obama dafür in naher Zukunft eine Lösung finde, ebenso wie für die Wirtschaftsprobleme oder die Arbeitslosigkeit. Die Reform des Gesundheitssystems sei bereits enorm in einem Land, in dem jeder nur auf sich gestellt ist. Der Leitartikel endet mit der lapidaren Feststellung: „Die Vereinigten Staaten schrammen immer am Abgrund entlang, ohne jemals hineinzufallen. Die Apokalypse wird morgen nicht eintreten. Das Paradies auch nicht.“

Osama bin Laden, für den Bush noch sämtliche Berge von Tora Bora durchkämmte, habe Barack Obama die Wahl gerettet, meint der Kommentator der algerischen Tageszeitung El Watan. „‘Forward!‘ proklamiert Obama, selbst wenn seine internationale Bilanz alles andere als rosig aussieht. Seine Versprechen einer besseren Welt haben sich vier Jahre später nicht unbedingt als wahr erwiesen. Zwar hat seine Rede in Kairo die Herzen der Araber und der Muslime berührt. Aber letztendlich waren das nur schöne Worte, magische Formeln eines Mannes, der zu reden und zu respektieren versteht.“ Auch die Palästinenser sähen heute die Kluft zwischen Obamas Versprechen eines unabhängigen Staates und der Wirklichkeit. Er habe Gaza 2009 ebenso wenig verhindern können wie den israelischen Siedlungsbau, und als Friedensnobelpreisträger führe er weiterhin Krieg im Irak und in Afghanistan. „Trotz allem: Die Tatsache, dass er wiedergewählt wurde, ist mit Sicherheit eine gute Nachricht für die ganze Welt. Sie ist ein Zeichen dafür, dass die Mehrheit der Amerikaner seinen Willen teilt, die Dinge zu ändern und sein Land menschlicher zu machen. Nachdem er nun seine Landsleute überzeugt hat, dass er ihr Präsident in den vier kommenden Jahren sein darf, bleibt es seine Aufgabe, die Welt und vor allem die Araber und die Muslime zu überzeugen, dass sie nicht nur sein liebster Zeitvertreib sind.“

 "Wir gratulieren Ihnen zur Wahl"

Die Wiederwahl Barack Obamas wurde in den palästinensischen Medien mit Erleichterung, jedoch sehr nüchtern aufgenommen. Der Tenor der wenigen Meinungsartikel lautet, dass eine Regierung Romney sich "noch einseitiger" im Nahostkonflikt zugunsten Israels positioniert hätte. Der renommierte Politikwissenschaftler Oraib Rantawi befindet etwa in der Jerusalemer Zeitung al-Quds: "Mitt Romneys Wahl hätte einen Albtraum für Präsident Abbas und für das palästinensische Streben nach Selbstbestimmung bedeutet, obwohl auch Obama Abbas enttäuschte und im Stich ließ."

Zudem hätte Romney anders als Obama mit seinem konfrontativen Auftreten die globalen Machtverhältnisse destabilisiert: "Obamas Tür ist für Lösungen und politische Kompromisse - wenn auch unausgewogen - geöffnet, während Romneys Tür geschlossen bleibt, weil er Russland als militärische, China als wirtschaftliche und Iran als terroristische Bedrohung wahrnimmt"

In vielen Meinungsbeiträgen schwingt bittere Enttäuschung angesichts Obamas bisheriger Nahostpolitik mit, in die zahlreiche Palästinenserinnen und Palästinenser nach seiner Rede in Kairo große Hoffnungen gesetzt hatte. Ein anonymer Leserbrief fasst diese Gefühlslage zusammen: "Von Beginn seiner ersten Amtszeit richtete sich Präsident Obama an die internationale Öffentlichkeit und machte viele Versprechungen. Seine Rede an der Universität von Kairo war ein Durchbruch und verbreitete Optimismus unter vielen Palästinensern. Doch peu à peu wendete sich das Blatt und Obama gelang es nicht, auf der politischen Ebene etwas für die palästinensische Sache zu erreichen. Im Gegenteil nahm er fortan blind, einseitig israelische Positionen an. Er konnte den Siedlungsbau nicht stoppen und wandte sich stattdessen gehen die palästinensischen Bestrebungen im Sicherheitsrat."

Prominente Persönlichkeiten wie der Multi-Milliardär Munib al-Masri aus Nablus nutzen die palästinensischen Medien wiederum, um Obama zu beglückwünschen und gleichzeitig Erwartungen an die zwei Amtszeit zu formulieren. al-Masri, der sich auch politisch engagiert und mehrfach für das Amt des Ministerpräsidenten im Gespräch war, schreibt ebenfalls in der Zeitung al-Quds: "Wir gratulieren Ihnen zur Wahl (...) und hoffen, dass Sie diese Amtszeit mit innen- und außenpolitischen Erfolgen füllen, insbesondere im Hinblick auf die Beendigung des arabisch-israelischen Konflikts. Dies ist die Grundlage für ein Ende der Besatzung der arabischen Gebiete, die Errichtung eines unabhängigen Staates in den Grenzen von 1967 mit Ostjerusalem als Hauptstadt und die Rückkehr der Flüchtlinge in Übereinstimmung mit der UN-Resolution 194."

Al-Masri appeliert in dem Schreiben an internationale und insbesondere amerikanische Werte. Die Besatzung und Annexion, verbunden mit der Inbesitznahme von Land durch die Sperranlage und den Ausbau von Siedlungen verletze "alle Normen, internationale Gesetze und die in der US-Verfassungen verankerten Prinzipien der Gerichtigkeit".

"Wir brauchen einen Führer, der Israel mit harter Hand führt"

Dass das US-Votum enorme Auswirkungen auf die israelische Parlamentswahl haben würde, war spätestens
dann klar, als Ehud Olmert und Tzipi Livni vor wenigen Tagen verkündet hatten, sie würden die Entscheidung über eine Rückkehr in den Jerusalemer Polit-Zirkus vom Ergebnis – und damit einem Sieg Obamas – zwischen New York und L.A. abhängig machen. Besonders dieses Verhalten stößt vielerorts in den israelischen Medien auf Unverständnis.

Da ist Ruthi Blum, für die die Wiederwahl Barack Obamas, in dem sie einen Sozialisten zu erkennen glaubt, ein Schock ist. Im Massenblatt Israel Hajom schreibt sie: „Mit einem weniger als freundlichen Commander-in-chief im Oval Office, ist es umso bedeutender, dass wir in Jerusalem einen Führer haben, der Israel mit eiserner Faust führt.“

Paroli bietet Blum Lynette Nusbacher. In der Times of Israel erklärt sie: „Wenn die weitere Existenz Israels davon abhängt, dass wir einen Likudnik im Weißen Haus sitzen haben, dann ist Israel kein richtiger Staat“ – und hält eben jenen Befürwortern dieser Strategie vor, sie würden aus Israel ein zweites Süd-Vietnam machen wollen, dass nicht mehr gewesen sei, als ein „Hubschrauberlandeplatz, eine Puppe oder Schoßhündchen“.

Eli Avidar kommentiert für das vor dem Bankrott stehende Traditionsblatt Maariv, dass Israel durch die Wiederwahl von Barack Obama vor vier sehr komplexen Jahren stehe. Nicht deshalb, weil der neue und alte US-Präsident und Benjamin Netanjahu offenkundig keine innige Beziehung zueinander haben, so Avidar, denn persönliche Befindlichkeiten spielten hierbei keine Rolle. Vielmehr gehe es darum, den Analytiker Obama mit Fakten zu beeindrucken. "Der Ministerpräsident wird noch härter arbeiten müssen", denn "Obama hat bereits gezeigt, dass er kein Präsident ist, der in den Krieg zieht, sondern seine Soldaten nach Hause bringt. Israel wird deshalb große diplomatische Anstrengungen unternehmen müssen, wenn es nicht eines Tages mit einer Atombombe in den Händen Irans aufwachen möchte."

"Der Nahe Osten wird ihn verfolgen"

In der liberalen israelischen Tageszeitung Ha’aretz reflektiert Akiva Eldar einen möglichen Wandel der amerikanischen Nahostpolitik in Obamas zweiter Amtszeit. Während Obama zu Beginn seiner ersten Präsidentschaft durch politische Impulse positive Erwartungen geweckt habe, sehe er sich nun einem “neuen Nahen Osten” gegenüber, der die USA vor “neue Herausforderungen und neue Spielregeln” stelle.

Noch 2009 habe sich Obama in Kairo für einen eigenständigen palästinensischen Staat ausgesprochen. Doch sei die US-Regierung danach nicht bereit gewesen den nötigen Druck auf Israel auszuüben und habe die Palästinenser damit sehr enttäuscht. Mit Spannung werde nun Obamas Position zum palästinensischen Antrag auf den Status eines staatlichen nicht-Mitglieds der Vereinten Nationen erwartet. „Angenommen Abbas kriegt keine kalten Füße, wird Obama gezwungen sein sich entweder hinter Abbas oder Netanjahu zu stellen. Beide Optionen haben ihren Preis.” Lasse man Abbas scheitern, bedeute das seinen Rücktritt und womöglich die Dritte Intifada. Unterstützten die USA Abbas, riskiere man israelische Sanktionen und in der Folge ebenfalls den erneuten gewaltsamen Aufstand.

Sollte Obama seine Kairoer Versprechen brechen und den Palästinensern die Unterstützung vor den Vereinten Nationen verweigern, sollte er also, so Eldar, “dem Nahen Osten den Rücken kehren wollen, wird der Nahe Osten ihn verfolgen”.

„Netanjahu hat riskant gespielt, wir werden dafür bezahlen“, kommentiert Sima Kadmon in den israelischen YnetNews die US-Präsidentschaftswahlen. Der israelische Premier hatte sich im Vorfeld der Wahlen klar auf die Seite von Obamas Rivalen Mitt Romney geschlagen und Obama mehrere Male offen brüskiert. „Netanjahus Verhalten wird für uns alle Folgen haben. Israels Außenpolitik und unsere Beziehungen mit den Vereinigten Staaten sind nicht Netanjahus Privatangelegenheit sondern existenzielles Kapital des Staates Israel. Netanjahu hätte dieses Kapital niemals aufs Spiel setzen dürfen.“ Kadmon befürchtet nun Amerikas Rache: „Ohne Zweifel werden die USA weiterhin Israels Sicherheit und Existenz verpflichtet bleiben. Die USA werden Israel nicht für Netanjahus Verhalten in Geiselhaft nehmen. Doch in allem, was über essentielle Sicherheitsbelange hinausgeht, erwartet uns die kalte Schulter.“

"Eine Wahl gegen Romney"

Die reformorientierte Zeitung Etemad aus Teheran lieferte eine breite Berichterstattung unter der Schlagzeile „Obamas iranische Herausforderung“ mit mehreren Meinungsbildern und einem zentralen Interview mit Hossein Daheshyar, einem langjährigen US-Kommentator, der allerdings seit den Wahlunruhen von 2009 keine weiteren Interviews gegeben hatte.

Zu Beginn des Interviews äußert Daheshyar seine Verwunderung darüber, dass Obama die Wahl gewann. „Noch nie hat ein amerikanischer Präsident unter solch schlechten Wirtschaftsbedingungen eine Wahl gewonnen. Die Wirtschaftslage war seit der letzten Großen Depression in den dreißiger noch nie so schlecht“. Obama habe die Schuld auch nicht auf seinen Vorgänger Mitt Romney abwälzen können „Die Amerikaner haben diese Ausrede auch nicht akzeptiert, sondern wollten einfach Romney nicht“. Daraus schlussfolgert er, dass die Wahl „eigentlich keine Wahl für Obama, sondern eine Wahl gegen Romney war“. "Die Außenpolitik hatte überhaupt keinen Einfluss", analysiert Daheshyar.

Die US-Bürger hätten Obama vor allem wegen des Glaubens gewählt, den er verbreite. „Obama präsentierte sich selbst als jemand, der Abraham Lincoln, Franklin Roosevelt und Ronald Reagan folgt. Alles Politiker, die eine besondere Rolle in der amerikanischen Gesellschaft einnehmen und als ,Veränderer‘ gelten. Mit seiner Wiederwahl besitzt er nun auch die Chance als „Veränderer“ in die Geschichte einzugehen“. Allerdings habe Obama zu wenig unternommen, um die Polarisierung der amerikanischen Gesellschaft zu überwinden. „Daher halte ich es für unwahrscheinlich, dass man ihn nach den vier Jahren in der Reihe dieser Präsidenten sehen wird. Er versuchte im Wahlkampf ja auch nicht einmal, Personen in den republikanischen Reihen zu überzeugen“.

Dariush Soleymani, Experte für Internationale Beziehungen, merkt in seinem Kommentar für Etemad an, dass die geschichtliche Erfahrung zeige, dass Republikaner vor allem „nach einem Erstarken der Wirtschaft den Präsidenten stellten“. Trotz der enttäuschten Erwartungen an Obama gebe es einige „nennenswerte Veränderungen“ in der Politik gegenüber seinem Vorgänger. Dazu gehöre „der Rückzug vom Krieg in der Außenpolitik mit den dazu verbundenen Kürzungen im Militärbudget des Landes und die Konzentration Obamas auf die Lösung der eigenen Wirtschaftskrise“.

"Vier weitere Jahre ohne Veränderung"

Die Zeitung Keyhan, die den Sicherheitsorganen der IRI nahe stehen und mit ihrem Chefredakteur Hossein Shariatmadari einen direkten Draht zum Revolutionsführer Ali Khamenei haben soll, titelte: „Der ,Herr der Veränderung‘ schaffte es wieder - vier weitere Jahre ohne Veränderung“. Die Keyhan stellt heraus, dass Obama mit „etwa 50% der Stimmen die Wahlen gewinnen konnte“ und dabei „sechs bis acht Milliarden Dollar“ ausgegeben wurden. Anschließend wird das amerikanische Wahlsystem erklärt, und darauf hingewiesen, dass „Obama Sieger wurde, obwohl er im Vergleich etwa zehn Millionen Stimmen verloren hat“. Eine lange Liste an Gratulationswünsche folgt, bei denen unteren anderem Mahmud Abbas als „Präsident der Selbstständigen Palästinenser“ und Benyamin Netanyahu als „Präsident des zionistischem Regimes“ vorgestellt werden.

Ebenso würde George Soros, „zionistischer amerikanischer Milliardär“ und Präsident der Soros-Stiftung Obama zum Wahlsieg gratulieren. Keyhan greift dazu eine "Reuters"-Quelle auf und zitiert: „Der berühmte amerikanische Milliardär sagte, dass der Erfolg Obamas gegen Mitt Romney bedeute, dass eine vernünftigere und bessere Politik fortgesetzt wird. Er würde sich freuen“. Nachdem kurz einige Ziele Obamas genannt werden, wird auf die US-Wahlkritik von Jürgen Klimke, einem OSZE-Wahlbeobachter eingegangen. „Nach Berichten der deutschen Zeitung Die Welt war er sehr unzufrieden mit der Durchführung der US-Wahl. Herr Klimke sagte, dass er nicht frei arbeiten konnte und bezeichnete die Durchführung der Wahl als „unlogisch“ und dass die Wahlzählung in dem Sinne „merkwürdig“ war, dass die „Registrierung zur Wahl nicht mal nach den Standards wie in anderen Ländern verlief“ und ihm als Wahlbeobachter nicht einmal Kameras oder Handys erlaubt waren. So erging es allen etwa 80 Wahlbeobachtern“.

Die Keyhan hebt ebenso die „schwache Wahlbeteiligung hervor, die in der „Unfähigkeit Obamas Verantwortung zu übernehmen“ und „dem Taifun Sandy“ verschuldet war. Zudem hätten „die unabhängigen Kandidaten der Wahl, aufgrund der Anspannungen und großen Probleme unter denen das Land leidet, keine Chance gehabt, sich der amerikanischen Bevölkerung vorzustellen. So ist die Bevölkerung gezwungen entweder den republikanischen oder demokratischen Kandidaten zu wählen“.

Abschließend nennt die Keyhan „einen weiteren interessanten Aspekt der Präsidentschaftswahlen“, da „Romney aus Michigan stammt und trotz allem dort weniger Stimmen als Obama holen konnte“. Zweifellos eine Anspielung auf die oft als unglaubwürdig kritisierten Wahlergebnisse 2009, bei denen beispielsweise Ahmadinejad mehr Stimmen im Heimatort seines Konkurrenten Mousavi erlangen konnte.

          Report: Google Generates as Much Ad Revenue as Entire Global Print Advertising Market   

According to the new PriceWaterhouseCoopers Entertainment and Media Global Outlook report, just five tech companies dominate nearly all online advertising. Of those five, three are primarily advertising in China.
          Kushner Family Business Pitch In China Prompts Questions About Investor Visas   
Networking, connecting, pitching — it's all routine in the business world. But a connection pitched in China over the weekend — involving ties between President Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner and a real-estate project — has prompted ethics experts to raise objections, and some lawmakers to call for change. There are concerns about potential conflicts of interests, but also about a visa program for investors. At the White House press briefing on Monday, spokesman Sean Spicer said Kushner has taken necessary steps to prevent conflicts of interest. "Jared has done everything to comply with the ethics rules to make sure and that had nothing to do with him per se, he wasn't involved," Spicer said. But Larry Noble, general counsel for the Campaign Legal Center , says, "The strong feeling is that they — the Trump family, the Kushner family — see the White House and being in the government as a marketing opportunity." The controversy began when reporters from The Washington Post and The New
          China OKs 38 Trump Trademarks; Critics Say It Violates Emoluments Clause   
President Trump is on his way to getting something he has wanted for a long time: dozens of valuable "Trump" trademarks in China. China's Trademark Office has now given preliminary approval to 38 new trademarks, covering everything from hotels to golf clubs, insurance and more. After AP reported the news Wednesday, Senate Democrats expressed outrage, noting that Trump's lawyer Sheri Dillon had promised in January that there would be "no new foreign deals" during the Trump presidency. But by pursuing new trademarks, the Trump Organization, which the president continues to own, may be laying the groundwork for expansions in China. Maryland's Ben Cardin said, "For a decade prior to his election as president, Donald Trump sought, with no success, to have lucrative and valuable trademarks granted in the world's biggest market. He was turned down each and every time. The floodgates now appear to be open." Cardin called on the federal departments of Justice, State and Commerce to "brief
          박 정의 분, 고 있기 때문에 그래서 영 그것참   
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SS501의 공원 정민이 : "그래서 영 코, 나의 이상적인 타입, 장 동아 총을 들고 사랑에, 나는 마음이 깨진거야."
보이 밴드 SS501, 박 정민의 회원은 배우 고는 그저 어린 그의 이상적인 유형이라고 표명했다. 최근에, 그는 그가 마음 부러진 원인, 그녀는 장 동아 총을 가진 사랑에있는 뉴스에 대해 들었어요.
SS501 박 정민이 10에서 '저녁 스타 라이브 쇼'에서 번 SBS PowerFM 전원 시간 섹션에 게재되었습니다. 공연하는 동안, 그는 그의 동료 회원들이 그들의 이상적인 타입을 발표했다.
공원 정민이, 표현 "데뷔 이래, 난 항상 고 그래서 영은 내 이상적인 타입이라고 말했다 있었다. 최근에, 그녀는 장 동아 총을 들고 사랑에 소식을 듣고하는 데, 난 정말 화났어." 그는 또한 "내가 더 도시 지향적, 세련된 여자를 선호합니다."고 덧붙였다
회원은 우리가 일본에서 활동이 있었을 때 "라고 말하고, 김 Hyung Jun의 이상적인 형태에 대한 소식을 깨고, 그것은 일본에서 가장 유명한 예술가 것입니다; 대만에서 중국 본토, 그는 또한 그의 이상적인 유형으로 해당 지역에서 가장 유명한 예술가의 이름을거야 ; 그는 모든 가장 잘 알려진 아름다운 예술가를 원한다면 그것은 그대로 모든 여성 예술가가 다르게 보일 수 있지만, 그들은 공통점이 한 가지는 그들은 분명히 국가의 가장 잘 알려진 유명 인사는 점이다. ". 이 요한 계시록은 모든 사람들이 웃음을 터뜨릴 나가 선물 일으켰습니다.
방송의 날, 회원들 사이에 많은 토론 후에, 그들은 모두 김 Hyung 6과 가장 다른 보인다고하고 합의없이 화장. 또한, 그들은 또한 김 Hyung 6 월, 가장 쉽게 자신의 생각이 유형이 변경됩니다 하나이며 그가 stingiest 구성원인지 합의에 왔어요.김 현 Joong 내가 또한 친구처럼 나랑 농담 수있는 사람 싶습니다 "라고 아주 쉽게하지만가는 섹시한 여자는하지만, 난 경우에도 제가 좋아하는 사람이, 내가 가진 척합니다. 없음 여자가 자기쪽으로 관심을. "



Ko So-Young Style Black Leopard tube skirt stockings
          3 Ways President-Elect Trump May Shake Up Trade Policy   
During his campaign, President-elect Donald Trump often was fuzzy on details of his economic plans. But he was clear about one goal: getting much tougher on trade relations with our most important partners, i.e., China, Canada and Mexico. Analysts say they don't doubt he will follow through. "We are definitely shifting to a world where the landscape is far less favorable to trade," said Eswar Prasad, professor of trade policy at Cornell University. These are the three most likely steps to be taken in this new environment: Step 1: Kill TPP. For years, the Obama administration has been negotiating the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a trade pact involving 12 Pacific Rim nations, including the United States, Japan and Australia. President Obama had hoped to get Congress to approve the pending deal after the election. But Trump has said TPP would benefit special interests that plan to "rape" this country. In coming weeks, Republican leaders wouldn't want to pass an agreement that would not get
          Blog Post: Theif Review   

I activate my focus ability to scout out the area and find an opening to sneak by the enemy patrols. A single guard stands nearby. Slowly, I inch my way behind the target and shift into the light for a moment to make my move. As quickly as I appeared, I vanish back into the shadows--25 gold pieces richer from the coins lifted from the guard's purse. That's Thief, a game that differentiates itself from other "stealth" titles in that sneaking around unseen isn't just an option--it's practically mandatory. You're a thief who's out to make a quick buck, not to murder everyone in sight. But while the sneaky elements of the game are well implemented and enjoyable enough to warrant a playthrough, Garrett's long-awaited return doesn't hold many surprises when it comes to Thief's gameplay or plot.

The reboot kicks off in the middle of a heist, reintroducing you to the master thief Garrett and his rookie partner, Erin. Long story short, Erin is overconfident about the job, interrupts a secret cult ritual, and falls into a mystical light, resulting in an explosion that leaves Garrett unconscious. You awaken a year later with no memory of the time between the heist and the present. It's up to you to figure out what has transpired within that lost time, what happened to Erin, and why The City is in the middle of a destructive revolution during the 15-hour campaign. The intro starts the game off strong, but as you progress the story's poorly told and isn't terribly exciting.

Throughout the main missions, it's difficult to follow exactly what is going on. The major events and characters never feel important enough to pay attention to, and all of the story elements haphazardly come together in a disjointed way. The City is in peril, but Garrett doesn't really care. A revolution against the corrupt Baron has begun, but Garrett only wants to find Erin. The motivations of the characters are all over the place, and the story poorly explains the situation from one chapter to the next. Even the reason why Garrett has super thief powers and a glowing blue eye is only sort of explained in the last half of the game. If you're looking for an enticing story to keep you hooked, the predictable betrayals and confusing plot points aren't enough to carry you through to the unsatisfying ending.

However, even though the story's a wash, the stealth gameplay and thievery will keep you playing for the long run. Thief abandons action-heavy gameplay for slow, sneaky stealth. The majority of the game has you doing what thieves do best: lifting valuables, breaking into safes, and disappearing into the shadows. You also have access to Garrett's arsenal of gadgets that allow access to new areas, and water, fire, and gas arrows are invaluable tools for distracting enemies. Using your gadgets effectively is rewarding in a way that makes you feel like a real thief as you disable traps with your wire-cutters, access secret vents with your wrench tool, and dowse torches with a shot of a water arrow.

Then there's the thieving, which is exceptionally addictive. I was eager to explore every drawer and china cabinet when I knew they might contain loot, or at least a clue describing the location of valuable treasure. Plus, skulking around while stealing the silverware and golden rings laying around the environments becomes an alluring but entertaining distraction.

The same goes for the side jobs, which give much more life to The City's otherwise forgettable residents. You'll meet with citizens offering high-risk jobs that net you handsome rewards and oftentimes interesting side stories. But if you just want to test your sneaking skills, there are also challenge modes that offer well-designed, timed scenarios. With all of the collectibles, extra quests, and treasures to uncover, there is definitely plenty to explore in Thief's dark, samey environments.

Speaking of, while it makes sense that a Thief would only work at night, the darkness that permeates the entire game doesn't help to create a noticeable mix of settings. You'll move from the dark streets of the City to the dark halls of a mental institution to the dark caves of an ancient underground library. These locales sound interesting on paper, but in the game you always feel like you are in the same place, in the dark, stealing stuff.

Outside of the stealth elements, Thief feels limited. The combat, for instance, is severely lacking. Yes, Garrett is a master thief, not a warrior, but every once in awhile you might find yourself going toe-to-toe with a guard. When this happens, all you have is a sword-dodging side-step move and a weak-feeling blackjack attack at your disposal, making for some incredibly dull encounters. Plus, because the combat is so lackluster, several of the armor and weapon upgrades become irrelevant simply because you'll want to avoid the boring head-on conflicts at all costs.

Thief also has some issues with sound glitches. On more than one occasion, I experienced looping guard dialogue that continued even when I was nowhere near the source, and there was also some inaudible speech during in-game cutscenes. Only by enabling subtitles was I able to discern what was being said. None of these sound bugs were enough to completely ruin the experience, but the fact that sound issues came up fairly regularly was annoying to say the least.

Still, despite its uninspired storytelling and occasional bugs, Thief is a worthwhile adventure that anyone looking for a stealth-based experience will enjoy. The reboot doesn't introduce any new concepts; it instead sticks to the simple, traditional shadow-skulking of the previous titles. But as any thief knows, the best payoff doesn't come without a few risks, and the rebooted Thief prefers playing it safe over raking in the big haul.


          Voices of Women with Host Kris Steinnes: The Five Elements with Dondi Dahlin   
EpisodeUnderstand yourself and enhance your relationships with the wisdom of the world's oldest personality type system.   Everyone seems to wajt to know themselves better, and there are countless personality systemsto help- online personality quizzes, relationship compatibiity tests, Myers-Briggs, astrology, to name a few. but one of the oldest in existence has started making a comback: the five elements.   Originating in China 2,000 years ago, the five elements stems from sholars wh ...
          Health Benefits of Tai Chi   

The T'ai chi is very popular in China, where massively practiced daily in parks and open spaces. Some call it moving mediation. The T'ai chi is also practiced worldwide and involves no risk in people of any age.

Both Chinese and doctors worldwide have documented numerous health benefits of t'ai chi, including improvements in balance, flexibility, endurance, blood pressure, overall heart health, mental health and symptoms associated with stroke, fibromyalgia, Parkinson's disease or Alzheimer's.

How does t'ai chi?

The T'ai chi, physically, is series of slow, deliberate and carefully orchestrated, learned from an experienced instructor. The movements focus on precise movement, breathing and consciousness. Today, tai chi is typically practiced for its health benefits. His character slow and low impact makes this an ideal exercise for elderly, sick or disabled.

At a very basic level, the t'ai chi may consist of four movements that incorporate a slight crouch, slight twist, moving the arms forward and up and over the head and legs moving side to side. Although simple, deliberate movements appear to increase muscle strength and concentration if done correctly.

Health Benefits of Tai Chi

Most Western scientific studies have focused on the element of tai chi chuan exercise. And the health benefits are numerous, while in the U.S. many hospitals taught t'ai chi classes for their patients.

Independent studies published in April 2013 in the journal PLoS ONE found that tai chi improves arthritis symptoms and physical function in patients with osteoarthritis, and tai chi improves respiration and endurance of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD).

In 2010 in the New England Journal of Medicine, was published that tai chi is a useful treatment for fibromyalgia, a neurological disorder characterized by widespread muscle pain and fatigue.

Regular practice of Tai Chi improves psychological well-being including reduction of stress, anxiety, depression and mood disorder and an increase in self-esteem.

 

Photo By Peter Harrison from Auckland, New Zealand (Tai Chi Young and Old) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons


          The challenges of aging   

The event has had three expert researchers in the field, among which are responsible for two of the Project Zero FGCSIC Aging grants: CSIC researcher at the Institute of Medical Chemistry Ana María Martínez Gil, Professor of Valladolid University Robert Homer, and the founder of the Institute of Government and Public Policy of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, ​​Joan Subirats.

Their interventions have been conducted by the director of the Social Action Department of Obra Social "la Caixa", Josep Olle, who presented the institution whose act has helped fund the Aging Project Zero to a million euros. Olle said that "one of the greatest challenges facing our society is the growing aging population, which is a success in our society, and an opportunity to propose new strategies to help improve the welfare of the elderly and their participation and full integration into society. " To do this, Ollé believes that "it is important to promote scientific research that fosters autonomy, personal development, health and quality of life."

The five projects implemented promote science excellence, unique and remarkable. Two of these thematic studies addressing psychosocial and three delve into specific aspects of the technology field. Some include, for example, game development and the use of home automation with the objective of promoting quality and healthy aging.

Project Zero on Aging

Worthplay. Video for positive aging: This research project led by Jose Angel Blat of the Universitat Pompeu Fabra is to analyze the design, development and evaluation of a prototype online games for seniors. It aims to create quality games that contribute to active aging, and improve the physical and psychosocial. During 2012, the project has developed an ethnography of the games with about 170 seniors, with different levels of digital literacy, and followed a code of ethics established by the international consortium project.

Brain Computer Systems Application Interface (BCI) to cognitive training and automation control to prevent the effects of aging: Researcher Biomedical Engineering Group (GIB), University of Valladolid Roberto Hornero proposes the use of BCI systems (Brain Computer Interface ). This system translates the user's intentions in control commands, such as cognitive training tool that can help prevent the effects of aging. It also aims to develop an application that allows assisted BCI control home automation and electronic devices present in a home. They have begun to perform tasks aimed at developing cognitive training tool using a BCI system based on sensorimotor rhythms.

Pensions and education: combined effects on inter and intra redistribution: The aim of this project, led by researcher at the University of Barcelona Conception Patxot is to analyze resource movements that occur between the different age groups and determine the role of businessmen, politicians and institutions in the development of social policies that benefit the elderly and children. The analysis focuses on the pension system and education. The study of the evolution of asset resources directed from the elderly and children, reveals a change from the results observed in 2000, when there was the first analysis. In that year he gave a clear dominance of public over private transfers in the case of older dependents, while in the case of children the exact opposite happened. Currently it is contrasting the validity result and if it is due solely to the reduction in the number of students.

Active aging, citizenship and participation: an assessment of the aspirations, needs and strategies associated with the autonomy and empowerment of old and new generations of older people in Spain: Researcher at the Autonomous University of Barcelona Joan Subirats leading this initiative to strengthen the involvement of older people in the process of development and implementation of public policies to promote active aging. To do this, takes into account the heterogeneity and diversity of this group, since the incorporation of significant practical about it and the use of information and communication technologies. During 2012 the project has been implemented and have been covering the planned stages, otherwise normal in every process of research.

 

Biomaterials to modulate inflammation caused by macular degeneration associated with age (BIODMAE) CSIC researcher Institute of Ceramics and Glass Chinarro Eva Martin proposes to develop a new class of hybrid biomaterials able to counter some of the processes that contribute to aging eye tissue. Thanks to alleviate them succeed macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss among older people for which, currently, there is no cure or way to prevent this type of degeneration.


Picture by Luis García [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons


          Gynostemma Pentaphillum, the herb of longevity   

It is a thin vine still widely used throughout Asia for its many beneficial qualities for what is known as "herb of longevity".
 
The Yiaogulan contains chemicals identical to some of those found in Panax ginseng and is used by the inhabitants of the mountains of southern China and northern Vietnam, as grass for longevity, where taken as a tea infusions herbs. Contains 82 identified saponins (ginsenosides), compared with 28 ginsenosides in Panax ginseng present, making the medicinal properties of yiaogulan are 4 times higher than Ginseng.

It is used traditionally for problems spleen, lung, kidney, liver, heart, and also for treating chronic bronchitis. He is credited with improving the property of the immune system and reduce the density of blood.

Research has shown that reducing the level of blood cholesterol, particularly the LDL or "bad" cholesterol and the triglycerides, while raising the level of HDL or "good cholesterol".

In traditional Chinese medicine is used in the case of diabetes is attributed as the ability to control glucose levels in blood. Studies have shown that people with diabetes who have taken yiaogulan during 12 weeks have had a significant reduction in glycemic index, which is an application that is still being investigated.

Also attributed positive effects on the cardiovascular system in general because supposedly increases cardiac efficiency without affecting blood pressure or heart rate increase.

Finally, note that helps improve mood, you're eliminating the accumulated.


Photography by Doronenko (own work) [GFDL undefined CC-BY-SA-3.0], undefined


          ¡Conoce la marca PRIMEWELL!   

Los neumáticos Primewell combinan los antecedentes y las características principales más deseadas por los conductores brindando seguridad, versatilidad, y desempeño de alta calidad.

Creando neumáticos de Clase Superior a un Precio Accesible

Primewell dedica mucho esfuerzo para producir neumáticos superiores para sus clientes. Para hacerlo es necesario realizar mucha investigación y desarrollo alrededor del mundo recibiendo apoyo de los Centros de Investigación y Desarrollo de Primewell en los Estados Unidos, Alemania, China, Indonesia y el Reino Unido. Todos los centros poseen equipos modernos y personal variado y con experiencia, de modo que cada detalle del neumático es tenido en cuenta.

Además, Primewell también colabora con las principales universidades e institutos de investigación del mundo para compartir y desarrollar aún más sus procesos.

Experiencia Internacional con Antecedentes Multinacionales

El personal de Investigación y Desarrollo de Primewell está compuesto por personas de numerosas nacionalidades, creando una atmosfera variada donde se acumulan conocimientos y experticia. Al combinarla con herramientas y métodos de vanguardia, Primewell puede producir productos de la más alta calidad a un costo que proporciona ahorros a sus clientes.

Probando en el terreno

Después de un proceso exitoso de pruebas bajo techo, los neumáticos de Primewell se prueban el exterior en uno o más sitios de prueba del Reino Unido, China y Finlandia (para neumáticos de invierno).

En las pistas de prueba conductores muy hábiles someten a los neumáticos a distintas velocidades para medir:

  • La respuesta y estabilidad a alta velocidad
  • Confort al conducir
  • Respuesta en piso húmedo
  • Frenado y viraje
  • Niveles de ruido (tanto dentro como fuera del vehículo)
  • Y más

Después de una serie extensa de pruebas, el neumático finalmente está listo para su vehículo. Cuando compra un neumático fabricado por Primewell, lo puede hacer depositando su confianza en el hecho que se originó en uno de los programas de Investigación y Desarrollo más exigentes de la industria.

Neumáticos amigables con el medio ambiente

Los motoristas de hoy buscan seguridad, larga vida del dibujo, ahorros de combustible, y servicios que hagan más fácil viajar.

Primewell no sólo se enfoca en entregar un neumático donde se equilibren la seguridad y la durabilidad, también se enfoca en un menor consumo de combustible y de deshechos para satisfacer la expectativa de cada cliente.

 


          Jonny Bairstow says England may have to 'learn on the job'   
Bravo, Claudio! Man City flop keeper saves ALL THREE Portugal penalties to send Chile into Confederations Cup final... as Ronaldo doesn't even get to take his after putting himself down for fifth kick EXCLUSIVE: Man City facing Nasri nightmare as club could be stuck with a A 12.5m bill while he faces drug ban Is Bolt in trouble for his London finale? World's fastest man labours to 100m win in 10.06secs at Golden Spike and reports 'health issue' From the McDonald's kid to England's captain: Parker quits after 20-year career that began after TV ad for 1994 World Cup Aubameyang set to snub Liverpool and Chelsea for A 70m China deal where he will earn staggering A 27MILLION A YEAR Hands off! Arsenal boss Wenger warned that Lemar is not for sale at any price after A 30.7m offer is rejected by Monaco From starry-eyed kids to the superstars of today: Messi and Suarez among Barcelona players to ... (more)
          Djokovic happy not to be one of the Wimbledon favourites   
Bravo, Claudio! Man City flop keeper saves ALL THREE Portugal penalties to send Chile into Confederations Cup final... as Ronaldo doesn't even get to take his after putting himself down for fifth kick EXCLUSIVE: Man City facing Nasri nightmare as club could be stuck with a A 12.5m bill while he faces drug ban Is Bolt in trouble for his London finale? World's fastest man labours to 100m win in 10.06secs at Golden Spike and reports 'health issue' From the McDonald's kid to England's captain: Parker quits after 20-year career that began after TV ad for 1994 World Cup Aubameyang set to snub Liverpool and Chelsea for A 70m China deal where he will earn staggering A 27MILLION A YEAR Hands off! Arsenal boss Wenger warned that Lemar is not for sale at any price after A 30.7m offer is rejected by Monaco From starry-eyed kids to the superstars of today: Messi and Suarez among Barcelona players to ... (more)
          The Way Ahead for Wal-Mart   

On one hand, Wal-Mart is losing its competency in price leadership in the US, while its international expansion activities are problem-rich. It suffered net loss of $15.699 billion for the year 2012. According to a report by Forbes, the products at Wal-Mart are 19% more expensive than at Amazon.
Moving forward, Wal-Mart must first try to strengthen its competency in price leadership and then expand in the international market. We thus recommend a sustainability strategy followed by growth strategy for Wal-Mart.
Sustainability
Sustainability of its price leadership competence is under fire, causing serious questions on its value proposition. The following strategies could help Wal-Mart regain its competitive edge in retail business in terms of prices:
·         E-Commerce and Mobile Presence
In 2011, online purchases from Wal-Mart website accounted to just 1.1% of total sales. At $4.9 billion sales, it lags even the likes of Apple Inc. in terms of online sales. With lower overhead costs in terms of reduced staff, rental and utility expenses, Wal-Mart would be more competitive in terms of prices if it were to expand its sales percentage through online sales.
Interactive website should be developed to handle the maximum purchase activity. Massive investments are to be put into place for successful delivery of online sales. Integration with mobile applications could help the matter further. But, the return in competitive advantage in terms of pricing means it can then sustain its value proposition.
·         Remodeling Physical Stores
Physical stores could be modified to deliver services. For products, apart from being a sales store, it could act as a showroom with focus on brand promotion and customer acquisition. Sales orders could be taken in store or via the online services, and delivery made through the distribution hubs. Similar model is being followed by the Brazilian retail chain Casas Bahia. This model would help sustain the cost competitiveness of the retail chain by reducing space required for stores, focusing on competency, i.e. SCM, and reduced staff requirements.
·         SCM Improvements
There has been news of empty shelves at Wal-Mart. This means the SCM needs further fine-tuning. In addition, to be able to provide home delivery at humongous proportions, SCM needs to be further improved. 
Ø  Relationships with Suppliers and Employees: Cases of poor working conditions at the suppliers of Wal-Mart have been the talking point for numerous pressure groups. In addition, the employee issues at Wal-Mart are creating lot of negative sentiments in the developed world. Wal-Mart should work with the suppliers and the employees to create better working conditions by creating and strictly following code of conduct. On the long run, the associated costs due to these activities would seem minimal compared to the losses in brand name and legal suits.
·         Social Media and Data Analytics
Social media should be further integrated in the marketing approaches to understand the consumer behavior and serve the customers. With the integration of this into the central MIS, efficient decisions on SCM and other operational activities would be ensured. MIS should be developed to determine demand of customers more accurately throughout its stores to achieve cost advantage by holding the correct inventory. This would further lead to optimum utilization of resources and thus reduce costs.
These activities should be integrated and should consolidate each other to create a synergy and help retain the cost competitiveness to Wal-Mart.
Growth
Major part of profits of Wal-Mart is being contributed by the market outside of US. With purchasing power of customers rising significantly in the emerging nations, Wal-Mart has no option but to expand in these markets. Nevertheless, as shown by the failure in South Korean market, Wal-Mart needs to understand that the strategy made for US will not necessarily work in other markets. Customization to cultures and customer behavior are the key; so is the relation with the government. We propose the following model for Wal-Mart in its international expansion:
·         Joint Ventures
The retail industry in the emerging nations is comprised of few organized retail chains and numerous smaller local stores. To understand the consumer behavior and supplier relations, Wal-Mart should enter these markets by joint-ventures with successful local business houses. This will reduce the risks of government intervention too. After understanding the operations and the needs, Wal-Mart can then go for maximum allowed stake (by government of concerned nations) in these partnerships.
·         Customization
As discussed earlier, understanding and customizing to diversity would be a key to success for Wal-Mart in the emerging economies. For this, apart from the local partners in JV, MIS should guide the decisions in the operations in these stores.
Wal-Mart should focus on transnational strategy where it will be able to adapt to local needs of the market like in China, leverage unique advantage of local markets to drive sales, market share and profit growth but with a central corporate facility. Knowledge of customer behavior would strengthen the validity and acceptance of actions.
·         Develop and Follow Standards
One dilemma faced by organizations headquartered in US while expanding in the emerging markets is what standards to follow? - The ones of US or those of the home country. On the short run, the latter may be beneficial, but on the long run, this will come to haunt the organization. A lot of such issues have surfaced for Wal-Mart over the years. While moving ahead, Wal-Mart should develop “code of conduct” for its global operations and comply to it strictly. This will ensure that the international expansion is sustainable and accepted by the home country government and citizens.
Even while following growth strategies, Wal-Mart should work on the sustainability strategies: - strengthening its resources for sustaining its competitiveness in price leadership.



          Hong Kong since the handover in charts   
Saturday marks 20 years since Britain returned HK to China, and many things have changed
          Xiaomi China Stable – Come installare le Google Apps su MIUI8 e Android 7 Nougat   

Stamattina è arrivato finalmente il tanto atteso Xiaomi Mi max 2 (scheda tecnica qui) e, dopo la consueta febbre da unboxing, mi sono cimentato nelle solite impostazioni/ripristino account e applicazioni. Operazione che grazie a MiCloud, il servizio di Xiaomi che permette di salvare tutte le app e le impostazioni, diventa ancora più semplice e veloce. […]

L'articolo Xiaomi China Stable – Come installare le Google Apps su MIUI8 e Android 7 Nougat proviene da Alessandro Pagano.


          Zähne - Vampirgebiss - Dracula - für Kinder - einzeln verpackt   
0,35 EUR
Weißes Vampirgebiß Einfache Verwandlung in eine blutsaugende Nachtgestalt mit den passenden Zähnen zum Einsetzen. Der Vampir ist und bleibt unsterblich. Kaum ein Geschöpf hat die Aufmerksamkeit so sehr auf sich gezogen wie der untote Blutsauger. Und kaum ein Wesen ist so umgeben von Mythen und Legenden. Bis heute faszinieren Vampire in zahlreichen Verfilmungen und Büchern, allen voran Graf Dracula oder die Twilight-Saga. (Quelle: www.planet-wissen.de)Mit den Zähnen aus Hartplastik erhält die Vampir-Kostümierung noch den letzten Schliff und sieht besonders schauerlich aus, die vier Eckzähne sind besonders lang herausgearbeitet. Essen und Trinken ist mit den Kunstzähnen schwerlich möglich, aber diese können bei Bedarf rucki-zucki herausgenommen werden. Jedes Gebiss ist hygienisch einzeln verpackt und hat eine Größe von ca. 6,5 x 4,5 cm.Information: Die Gebisse bestehen aus Hartplastik und sind phalatfrei (frei von Weichmachern). Wie fast alle Spielwaren, werden auch die Gebisse in China hergestellt. Sie entsprechen der Europäischen Norm für Spielwaren (EN71) und sind für Kinder unbedenklich.   

          Ship traffic, June 28   
Ship traffic Due to arrive today SHIP FROM PORT ANL Barwon Tauranga, New Zealand OAK Bay Bridge Long Beach OAK Glovis Countess Ulsan, South Korea BNC Grand Phoenix San Diego RCH Kauai Honolulu OAK Kristina Los Angeles OAK Sheila Ann Port Hardy, British Columbia SFO Texas Highway Long Beach BNC Due to depart today SHIP TO PORT Bay Bridge Tokyo OAK CSCL Autumn Xingang, China OAK CSL Frontier Port Unknown ANZ Glovis Countess Port Unknown BNC Grand Phoenix Yokohama, Japan RCH Harbour Bridge Tokyo OAK KM Vancouver Coronel, Chile SFO Warnow Moon Port Unknown SFO Source: S.F. Marine Exchange
          World app growth signals shift to regions where phones come first   
Global spending on apps, including purchases of digital and physical goods through apps, is expected to rise to $6.3 trillion by 2021, according to a report published Tuesday by app analytics firm App Annie. “Because of the explosion of the middle class in Asia, especially China, you get a bit of a leapfrog,” said Morgan Reed, president of the App Association. Since consumers in the United States are converting from relying primarily on desktop or laptop computers to mobile devices, market growth is slower than in China. Having a mobile-first market, however, is not a guarantee of economic success, particularly when getting people to pay up front for apps. Among the top five countries, there is “a near equal balance of apps coming from Asian and Western countries,” said Danielle Levitas, App Annie’s senior vice president of research and professional services.
          'This Changes Everything' tackles global warming   
<>"This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate" (Simon & Schuster), by Naomi Klein

Cutting the vast amounts of man-made pollution that feed global warming is an enormous challenge for societies that gobble up coal, oil and gas. But in "This Changes Everything," Naomi Klein argues that those fuels aren't the root problem — capitalism is. That message is likely to motivate fans of Klein's earlier books, such as "No Logo" and "The Shock Doctrine," but it also leads to a tough question.

Is blaming capitalism for climate change just rhetorical hot air — or a brutal and uncomfortable truth?

Whatever side you take, Klein deserves credit for not sugarcoating the problem. She writes that limiting global warming won't be quick, easy or without disruptions, yet holds out hope that the end result will be better for people, the environment and even the economy. But make no mistake: "This Changes Everything" argues that we don't just have to cut carbon pollution. We have to change society, and our own lifestyles. Klein writes: "Our economic system and our planetary system are now at war."

And while Klein is predictably hard on big business and conservatives who deny climate change, she doesn't spare environmental groups or liberals. Klein pointedly shows how easy it is to ignore global warming, noting that until recently she "continued to behave as if there was nothing wrong" with the "elite" frequent flier card in her wallet.

Klein is dismissive of environmentalists who say better technology can limit climate change, yet she doesn't resolve some of the contradictions in that position. China, Germany and other countries have used capitalism and mass production to turn out vast quantities of better and cheaper solar panels and wind turbines. In the U.S., Texas has become the national leader in wind energy by treating it as another business for people to make money on.

Yet worldwide carbon emissions are rising, not falling.

And like everyone else, Klein struggles with perhaps the toughest global warming challenge: how to cope with the explosive growth of newly capitalist economies.

China is now the world's largest emitter of carbon pollution, but only 30 years ago Beijing was filled with bicycle-riding workers dressed in Chairman Mao tunics. Today there are BMWs and clouds of pollution generated by vast numbers of people who are embracing capitalism, not revolting against it. And after the recent huge climate march in New York City, India's environment minister responded by saying that developed countries such as the U.S. need to cut emissions, not developing ones. He told The New York Times that "India's first task is eradication of poverty" and that "we will grow faster, and our emissions will rise."

Klein is calling for a global social revolution to combat global warming, but many countries don't much like it when Westerners who have long benefited from cheap fossil fuels try to tell them what to do.

Yet China and India's runaway growth also makes clear that Klein's core point has merit. She writes that "we know where the current system, left unchecked, is headed." The vast majority of climate scientists say global warming is here, caused by humans, and probably already dangerous, and that the world needs to start significantly reducing carbon pollution. If it doesn't, scientists predict that in a few decades, much higher temperatures and more acidic oceans will start to cause "severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems."

"This Changes Everything" isn't all doom and gloom. Klein notes that an aggressive new movement of climate activists has emerged in the last few years. As a mother, she writes passionately about the need to consider the impact on future generations, and she gives many examples of places where wind and solar energy is dropping in price and becoming a cleaner and more realistic alternative to fossil fuels.

"This Changes Everything" may motivate more people to think and act on climate change, and that's good. Yet capitalism isn't the only problem. The old message from a 1970 cartoon on the first Earth Day still hangs in the air: "We have met the enemy, and he is us."

___

Online:

http://www.naomiklein.org/main


          Femineidad y Sufrimiento   
Pero yo no soy tú. Los hombres tienen otra vida; los ganados, los árboles, las conversaciones y las mujeres no tenemos más que esta de la cría y del cuidado de la cría”.

Federico García Lorca, Yerma



Prácticamente en toda la literatura moral, histórica – sociológica y aun, en la filosofía, la mujer es colocada en inferioridad de merecimientos y de posición frente al hombre. Maltrato que, en las transcripciones de lo expresado por profetas y que sirve de fundamento a las religiones, es a veces tremendo. No podría abordar inteligentemente lo que es femineidad y los problemas en que ella es causa de sufrimiento en los seres humanos, si no discutiéramos este hecho y los absurdos que origina.
La vida en colectividad, ha exigido controlar y restringir en los varones su mutua agresividad, fundamentalmente potencializada por los estímulos sexuales, y, paralelamente, limitar y encauzar la fertilidad. Para civilizarse, luego, el hombre intuyó el desvío de sus energías hacia el trabajo y la creación, en vez del fácil contentamiento erótico. La mujer aparece cargando con el mayor peso para el cumplimiento de tales finalidades, absorbiéndolo en forma de injusta condena. Ojala podamos ver claro por qué la superación humana ha de pagar tan dolorosamente su avance.
Hay extremos. Eurípides llamó a las mujeres “basura dorada”, Hesíodo las consideraba como “un descuento necesario de la felicidad de la vida” e Hipponex decía que “dan dos días de felicidad al hombre, el de la boda y el de su entierro”. Expresiones egoístas que por francas nos orientan para acercarnos de manera racional a la comprensión del fenómeno de que el ser humano sufra, precisamente, por lo que sólo debería provocarle gozo. Lo contradictorio se explicaría porque el varón, reconociendo que la mujer es el premio mayor a que puede aspirar, la rebaja para educarse en el sentido de que para él lo más importante no debe estar constituido por el sexo.
Cien generaciones se han sucedido desde el siglo de oro griego y las fuerzas sociales conformadas han continuado encontrando mil maneras de insistir en tal condenación. Y no abandonan este derrotero por mucho que el hombre, cuando precisa dar cima o compensación a su realización individual, centra sus posibilidades de felicidad en la mujer y en el amor. Vacilando entre sus idealizaciones políticas o espirituales que le imponen alejarse de la tentación sexual y la materialización de su existencia en el placer, que lo obliga a buscar contentamiento y consuelo en una compañera, única fuente donde puede obtenerlo éticamente, el hombre ha construido una enmarañada trabazón filosófica, social y religiosa, en que ahora más que nunca antes, se siente entrabado.
La enseñanza cristiana sigue presentando a las hijas de Eva como la causa primaria de todo el sufrimiento humano, en lo que, como se ve, es cercana continuación del pensamiento pagano, con el que eso sí, muestra una diferencia importante. En el mundo de Pericles, en que eran cumbres Aristóteles y Friné, se creía en la felicidad de la vida de esta vida, la que no era calificada como castigo o penitencia. Contemporáneamente, en el extremo oriental no se creía en un pecado original y, en vez de dioses crueles, China desarrolló una filosofía popular orientadora de la existencia terrena hacia un sometimiento a la Naturaleza, para poder gozar de ella. En este naturalismo erótico y ausencia de teología ¿se reconocería también predominio femenino? El marxismo materialista, en el tercio de la Humanidad en que se realiza políticamente, produce una mujer liberada para la productividad social, pero, una vez más condenándola si deja florecer su coquetería. ¿Cuál es el significado de este insistente proscripción de lo más hermoso y placentero que puede ofrecer la mujer?, lo veremos a lo largo de estos escritos.


He vuelto, como siempre, retomaremos el tema de la sexualidad, siempre visto con el prisma de este necia, espero que se unan a esta nuevo proyecto que iniciamos… ustedes saben que siempre son bienvenidos.

          El Ojo en la Paja Ajena (III parte)   
Probablemente el 90% de los hombres se masturben utilizando el mismo procedimiento: envolver el pene con su mano hábil aplicando, de acuerdo a la personal sensibilidad, distintos grados de presión mientras se realiza un movimiento de mete – saca. Ese agite, que se ha convertido en el símbolo gestual de la paja, intenta replicar los movimientos del coito. Sin embargo, existen muchas otras formas de practicar la masturbación, aun cuando sean pocos los que las han experimentado.

El Resfriegue

En lugar del movimiento de mete – saca, el individuo utiliza su mano para refregar el pene contra la piel de sus muslos de modo tal de siempre sentir la presencia de una piel en el momento del orgasmo. Según Carlos, un arquitecto adicto a esta forma especial de la paja, lo mejor de la refregada es que puedes manipular los tiempos, no te obliga a una eyaculación rápida, el deshago es mucho mas intenso y te permite masturbarse muchas veces sin fatigar ni lastimar el pene.

El Manco

Conozco la existencia de ésta práctica, en realidad a través de un solo testimonio, el de un amigo profesor. No se utilizan las manos sino que se atrapa el pene entre los muslos y se los manipula bien apretados entre éstos, produciendo un efecto muy similar al de estar introducido en una vagina o en un ano. “De muy chico me acostumbre a pajearme sin las manos porque vivíamos en una sola pieza, en el fondo de una panadería junto a mi madre y a mi hermana. Como me daba terror que me vieran, siempre dejaba los brazos fuera de la cama. Aprendí incluso a ser muy silencioso. Cuando mayor intenté masturbarme como los demás chicos me contaban, pero no me daba resultado. No se me paraba o si se me paraba no conseguía acabar. Descubrí entonces que mi manera de hacer la cochinada me daba mucho placer, casi tanto como coger. Además me acostumbre a otra cosa bien cochina; me puedo masturbar en la mesa de un bar, con la fantasía de la Lola que está frente a mi, sin que nadie se dé cuenta, o delante de otras personas, porque soy un experto, muevo el interior de los muslos sin casi agitar las piernas. Aunque en algunas situaciones, una vez en una micro, la pasé muy mal porque si me acerco mucho a la eyaculación, a veces se me descontrola el movimiento de los pies y puedo parecer un epiléptico golpeando el piso sin parar”.

El Auto – Chupe

No conocí personalmente a nadie que consiguiera realizar la mayor fantasía masturbatoria de todo fan del Club de Manuela: lograr chuparse el pene uno mismo, la chupada perfecta, con ritmo impecable que uno conoce de sí mismo. A veces la distancia entre el pene y la boca ha sido apenas de 5 centímetros, tomando ese beso de amor en una imposibilidad que les provoca mucha nostalgia. Pero deben existir afortunados contorsionistas, adictos al yoga y otros descoyuntados, que consiguen experimentar las delicias de introducir el pene en la propia boca.
Sorry la demora, pero aquí yace la última reflexión de esta necia, que seguira trabajando el tema de la masturbación, en una próxima edición, que espero no me tome tanto tiempo en redactar, se vendra: El procedimiento Femenino.
Cariños Necios todos... recuerden que este mundo será nuestro!!! solo les pido un poco de paciencia.

          roommates/coinquilini Nicola Pecoraro/goldiechiari - E-Flux   
roommates/coinquilini Nicola Pecoraro/goldiechiariE-FluxHe took part in many group exhibitions â€" Bellavita at the New Chinatown Barbershop Gallery in Los Angeles (2007), Emerging Talent at Palazzo Strozzi in ...
          Chinese Coins – Singing Praises of the Song Dynasty – Cast Gold   

By Heritage Auctions - (Thanks to Moyun Niu, Heritage's Asian Art specialist, for much of the information)........   A marvelous cast gold ingot, will be offered Friday December 11th in Heritage's inaugural Hong Kong auction, cast in the form of the ubiquitous "cash" coins of China, and made during the early decades of the Song […]

The post Chinese Coins – Singing Praises of the Song Dynasty – Cast Gold appeared first on CoinWeek.


          Must Reads of the Week: 9/11 Anniversary, China's Alliance With Venezuela, and More   

What CFR.org Editors are reading the week of September 12–16, 2016.


          Placer   
Soy una persona bastante básica en muchos aspectos, apenas hablo inglés, mas bien lo chamullo, y me demoro mucho en entender los temas económicos. Pero tal vez lo más complicado es que sobre la mayoría de los temas tengo más duda que muchos de ustedes, los necios a leen este blogs. Por ejemplo, sobre la píldora del día después. Veo en Tv a una decena de personas anunciando que no apoyarán medidas que atenten contra la familia, y luego, para atenuar la polémica, aparece otra gente diciendo que la pastilla debe ser entregada por especialistas que hablen a los jóvenes sobre la responsabilidad y la familia.
Debe ser por lo bruta o lo sohua, pero no alcanzo a ver la relación entre esos dos discursos, y el sexo adolescente, ese sexo hecho a salto de mata, aprovechando que la mamá salió a comprar el pan, ese sexo que parte como manoseo y que muchas veces pasa a mayore sin que nadie haya decidido nada. Cualquiera que haya sobrevivido a esa época- y eso incluye a mucho de los giles que ahora salen en TV hablando sobre la crisis moral- debieran recordar que en esos años de hormonas en pie de guerra, no se piensa mucho en las consecuencias.
Se tienen enormes inseguridades respecto de uno mismo y fantasías rosadas sobre las relaciones de pareja. Se tiene también una máquina andando a todo vapor que aún no se aprende a controlar. A los 14, 15, 16 años, los chicos matarían por ver una pechuga - digamos por tocarla - y las chicas no sé si piensan en pene o en el amor para toda la vida, o en no ser las últimas virgenes de su grupo, pero la cosa es que también acuden puntualmente a la cita. Se dice que eso es culpa de la falta de educación sexual, lo que en muchos lugares de Chile es una verdad indesmentible.
Pero entonces ¿por qué los franceses - bastante más desarrollados en estas materias- tenían 10 mil embarazos adolescentes al año y tuvieron que masificar la píldora del día después?. Lo mismo ha pasado con los ingleses y españoles ¿Qué es lo que falla? ¿Qué está quedando fuera de la ecuación pública? Ni idea. Lo que sí tengo claro es la cantidad de horas que mi generación- con métodos anticonceptivos al alcance de la mano - pasó esperando a que llegara la regla de la polola. Una vez que la chica salía sonriente del baño, las promesas de ser reponsables se iban a la misma mierda.
Lamentablemente para las políticas públicas, el sexo tiene algo dificilísimo de nombrar. El placer.
En china, el placer es tema en la educación sexual de los escolares. A uno le hablan de los genitales masculinos, femeninos y del matrimonio. A los niños chinos les preguntan qué les da placer a ellos y a las otras personas. Placer es una palabra que nunca he oido y espero oir en la boca de un cura y de todos los que se han subido a este carro. A ellos les queda mejor la palabra "familia". No sé - otra vez- su eso es bueno o malo. A lo mejor es por ese enfoque que los chinos son mil millones. Pero lo que resalta es que en las calles de ese país se siente una comunidad satisfecha, al menos en ese aspecto. Y eso no es poca cosa, pienso yo.
Eso sería sitos y sitas. Preparanse que se vienen los temas cachondo nuevamente a este blogs.. Hablemos de sexo sin tantos ata'os... la pregunta es ¿Qué le da placer a USTED, ah?

          Drive expansion in China   
 
Are you up for a year of adventure? We are looking for someone to be a part of a team whose main purpose is to help IKEA grow on the Chinese market. The assignment is initially for one year with an optional extension. Your employment will be within Capgemini Sweden but you will be located in Shanghai
 
 
Be Inspired
This is an opportunity to be a part of a growing team and to break ground in an expanding market. You will be faced with challenges that can offer you personal growth and give you global experience
 
 
Be Challenged  
 In this role we´ll be expecting you to:
 
  •  Engage in the development of the local business together with the sales team in China. 
  •  Coach our colleagues in China in recruiting and develop the competence needed.
  •  Be an upholder of culture explaining and paying forward the IKEA spirit.
  •  Ensure that knowledge and solutions within the IKEA account is transferred to colleagues in China. 
 
 
Be Valued 
In order to thrive in the role you have excellent knowledge of the IKEA account and the processes that comes with it. You are currently grade C or above
 
 
Contact us:
If you have questions regarding the position, please contact us.  
Contact Person: Roseanna Schultz 
 
 
About Capgemini
 
With more than 190,000 people, Capgemini is present in over 40 countries and celebrates its 50th Anniversary year in 2017. A global leader in consulting, technology and outsourcing services, the Group reported 2016 global revenues of EUR 12.5 billion. Together with its clients, Capgemini creates and delivers business, technology and digital solutions that fit their needs, enabling them to achieve innovation and competitiveness. A deeply multicultural organization, Capgemini has developed its own way of working, the Collaborative Business Experience™, and draws on Rightshore®, its worldwide delivery model.
 
Learn more about us at www.capgemini.com.
 
Rightshore® is a trademark belonging to Capgemini
 
Sweden
SWE00768
https://www.se.capgemini.com/job-application-form/jobref/ SWE00768
Location: 
Mark as US content ?: 
Worldwide content

          Double Coin hires Phillips as VP   
MONROVIA, Calif. — China's Double Coin Holdings Ltd. has hired Tim Phillips to be vice president, marketing and operations of its China Manufacturers Association L.L.C. subsidiary.
          Comment on CNN Is Dead: Network Loses All Credibility As Producer Admits That The Entire Russia Narrative Is Fake News by SoCalBeachDude   
<b>CREDIT CRISIS: The BIS and the global debt bubble</b> The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is to be applauded for its candor about the serious debt related vulnerabilities in today’s global economy. At a time when a great sense of complacency pervades both global markets and policy making circles, the BIS has had the courage to suggest in its recently released Annual Report that the emperor might have no clothes. It has done so by pointing to the large increase in global debt levels and the large reductions in global interest rate risk premiums that have been spawned by years of ultra-unorthodox monetary policies by the world’s major central banks. It has also done so by flagging the existence of a series of asset price bubbles and poor bank practices in a number of important countries. The BIS’s principal concern is that global debt to GDP levels today are some 40 percent higher than they were on the eve of the 2008-2009 global market meltdown. Equally troubling to the BIS is that debt levels have increased by even larger amounts in a number of systemically important countries. It notes that since 2008 overall debt-to-GDP levels are up by 190 percent in China, by 70 percent in Canada and France, and by 50 percent in Japan. The BIS is also warning that credit-to-GDP gaps have reached levels signaling elevated risks in a number of important emerging market economies. The BIS does us a service by pointing out the basic choice with which the world’s central banks are now confronted. They can either get serious now about normalizing interest rates from their artificially low levels, even though this is likely to cause some immediate painful disruption in the global financial markets; or, alternately, they can delay the normalization process at the risk of creating an even greater debt bubble down the road. That course of action would lead to even greater market disruption when that bubble eventually bursts as it will inevitably in the end do. http://www.aei.org/publication/the-bis-and-the-global-debt-bubble/
          Il Mistero della Genesi   

La soluzione all'enigma delle origini della civiltà egizia e la spiegazione della sorprendente conoscenza «soprannaturale» che gli egizi avevano in materia di astronomia e di astrologia sono quesiti che a lungo hanno coinvolto esperti e appassionati.

Grazie a Bauval e Brophy ora dobbiamo però pensare all'Egitto in termini nuovi rispetto a quelli proposti dalla cultura accademica ufficiale.

Gli autori dimostrano infatti che è esistita una precedente antica cultura neroafricana che possedeva anche una sofisticata comprensione dell'astronomia, lasciò abbondanti tracce della sua presenza in incisioni rupestri su rocce, grotte e nei wadi, come a Gilf Kebir e a Jebel Uwainat, concepì rotte commerciali verso le coste del Mediterraneo, l'Africa centrale e il Sinai, si dedicò a cerimonie spirituali occulte e costruì il calendario circolare presso il sito di Nabta Playa.

Nonostante tutte le prove raccolte negli ultimi decenni, la teoria di un'origine nero-africana dell'antica civiltà egizia è stata a lungo rifiutata dagli egittologi e archeologi più tradizionalisti che spesso hanno volutamente ignorato chi invece l'ha voluta prendere seriamente in considerazione.

Sulla base degli studi più recenti, dell'analisi dei geroglifici, e di ricerche archeologiche e astronomiche in relazione agli allineamenti di complesse strutture megalitiche, di piramidi e templi, gli autori dimostrano invece che le popolazioni nere vivevano nel Sahara migliaia di anni prima dell'ascesa dei faraoni e che esse costituiscono non solo la genesi delle antiche civiltà ma di tutta la storia umana.

"Il mistero della genesi è una 'macchina del tempo intellettuale' che vi condurrà in un'avventura mozzafiato al di là della storia ufficiale. Un libro affascinante e avvincente."

Graham Hancock

"Dopo Il mistero della genesi non sarà più possibile pensare all'antico Egitto come prima. Bauval e Brophy dimostrano che la civiltà egizia ha origine in popolazioni dell'Africa Nera ben più antiche e con conoscenze assai progredite. I due autori descrivono tutti gli errori che hanno portato l'archeologia accademica a trascurare l'importanza di tali popolazioni nella storia dell'umanità."

Stanley Kripper


          L' Enigma dei Codici Cifrati   

Fin dalla notte dei tempi, gli uomini hanno architettato gli stratagemmi più intricati pur di nascondere comunicazioni top secret. Sforzi altrettanto grandi, naturalmente, sono stati dedicati alla possibilità di intercettare e riconoscere i messaggi segreti: un tipo di competenza che si rivela essenziale in guerra, negli affari e... tra amanti.

Con una prosa scorrevole e illuminante Richard Belfield passa in rassegna la storia della crittografia mondiale analizzando i più celebri messaggi in codice, alcuni decifrati, molti altri rimasti ancora irrisolti.

Dai dispacci degli antichi cinesi su frammenti di seta, alla decrittazione dei messaggi dei cospiratori contro Elisabetta i, fino alla macchina Enigma dei nazisti e alla misteriosa scultura Kryptos della CIA, Belfield racconta entusiasmanti storie di spionaggio e smaschera trucchi" mai divulgati, incoraggiando ogni lettore a mettere a punto il proprio personale "codice Da Vinci" e a cimentarsi nella soluzione di misteriosi cifrari che ancora oggi rappresentano un rompicapo anche per i più abili crittoanalisti.


          Natives   





























Some of our native plants: Monarda Didyma (Bee Balm), Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot), Echinacea Purpurea, New England Aster, Upland Ironweed, Switchgrass 'Heavy Metal' (Panicum virgatum).



          Как происходит выкуп кредитного транспорта?   
У многих сегодня имеется хорошая возможность приобрести собственный транспорт в долг. Ее предлагают банки и другие организации. Однако иногда человек теряет возможность дальше выплачивать обозначенную сумму. Тогда осуществляется поиск информации о том, как проводится выкуп кредитных автомобилей. Подробнее об этом пойдет речь ниже. Полезные сведения В первую очередь необходимо взять в руки договор и прочитать, … Читать дальше
          Assessing China's Power / edited by Jae Ho Chung   
Online Resource
          Unser “Woifi” in China!   
Vor einigen Tagen reiste unser Wolfgang nach Shanghai. Er war einer von acht jungen Teilnehmern aus dem Team Austria, der bei den China International Skills Competitions sein Können unter Beweis stellen konnte. In Begleitung ihrer jeweiligen Experten waren sie Gast-Teilnehmer in Shanghai. Die Teilnahme an dieser chinesischen Staatsmeisterschaft war natürlich eine tolle und abwechslungsreiche Trainingsgelegenheit zur […]
          Stanley Crossick Discusses The Relationship Between China And Europe   
In the third part of the interview with Stanley Crossick between EUX.TV and I discusses the relationship between China and Europe. He provides insight into some of the political topics of the relationship and why the dialogue often does not progress. He explains the commonality between Confuscius and Monnet and why the relationship can benefit… » read more
          PENYEBARAN AGAMA ISLAM DI JEPANG   

Pokok permasalah
1.      Bagaimana  Sejarah Islam di Jepang?
2.      bagaimana Tokoh, mualaf dan Organisasi di jepang?
3.      bagaimana Mesjid di Jepang?
4.      Berapakah  Jumlah peduduk muslim di jepang?
5.      Bagaimana Wilayah Muslim di jepang?
6.      Bagaimanakah keadaan islam pada Masa Keemasan?
7.      Bagaimana keadaan islam pada Masa Suram?
8.      Bagaimana hukum  Toleransi beragama di jepang?
9.      apakah Kendala umat Islam di Jepang?




pendahuluan :
            Seorang tokoh Islam asli Jepang, Prof. Hassan Ko Nakata sendiri mengatakan dengan terus terang kesulitan menyebarkan Islam di negara tersebut yang diistilahkannya dengan ungkapan "Seperti mendakwahi batu", nyaris tidak bergeming.
            Dari 200.000 orang penduduk muslim di Jepang,  : Menurut Michael Penn, "Islam in Japan: Adversity and Diversity," Harvard Asia Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1, Winter 2006. menyebutkan bahwa : sebagian besar umat Islam di Jepang (90%) adalah pendatang, sedangkan penduduk asli Jepang sendiri yang memeluk Islam diperkirakan tidak lebih dari 10%. ( Sumber : Wikipedia : Islam in Japan ) Jadi kalau perkiraan ini benar maka jumlah pemeluk Islam yang berasal dari penduduk asli adalah sekitar 7.000-20.000 orang.


Sejarah Kedatangan Islam di Jepang
Menurut tulisan yang saya kutip dari ceramah salah seorang wakil duta besar Jepang untuk Indonesia yang berjudul "Hubungan Islam dengan Jepang", menyebutkan bahwa agama Islam mulai masuk ke Jepang diperkirakan sekitar zaman Restorasi Meiji (1867), ditandai dengan masuknya literatur literatur mengenai Islam yang berasal dari Eropa atau China, mulai diterjemahkan dan masuk ke Jepang.
Berikut saya kutip isi artikel di atas lebih lengkap : [" Kemudian, pada tahun 1890 (seribu depalan ratus sembilan puluh), terjadi sebuah peristiwa yang mempertemukan Jepang dan Islam. Peristiwa ini dikenal sebagai Peristiwa Kapal Ertogrul. Sebuah kapal Turki karam di perairan Jepang. Dari 600 (enam ratus) penumpang, hanya 69 (enam puluh sembilan) yang selamat. Pemerintah maupun rakyat Jepang bersama-sama berusaha menolong para penumpang yang selamat dan mengadakan upacara penghormatan bagi arwah penumpang yang meninggal dunia. Mereka yang selamat, akhirnya dapat kembali ke negara mereka berkat sumbangan yang berhasil dikumpulkan dari seluruh rakyat Jepang. Peristiwa ini menjadi pencetus dikirimnya utusan pemerintah Turki ke Jepang pada tahun 1891 (seribu delapan ratus sembilan puluh satu). Hubungan yang sangat baik dengan Turki ini, juga membawa kemenangan bagi Jepang dalam peperangan dengan Rusia yang dimulai pada tahun 1904 (seribu sembilan ratus empat). Dikatakan, pada saat armada kapal kekaisaran Rusia melintasi laut Baltik, Turki memberitahukan hal tersebut kepada Jepang, dan karena itu, Jepang meraih kemenangannya. Setelah peristiwa tersebut, yaitu sekitar tahun 1900-an, untuk pertama kalinya warga muslim Jepang pergi ke Mekkah untuk menunaikan ibadah Haji. Sejak saat itu, Islam mulai dikenal secara luas.."]
Hubungan baik antara Turki dan Jepang ini tampaknya berlanjut hingga sekarang dan orang Turki merupkan salah satu dari ethis asing yang cukup dijumpai di negara tersebut.  Kemudian tahun 1955, beberapa ulama dari Pakistan datang ke Jepang dan berdakwah di sejumlah kota besar, membuat agama Islam mulai dikenal lebih luas di Jepang.
 Mesjid di Jepang
Di negara jepang saat ini terdapat ratusan buah mesjid dengan jumlah terbanyak terletak di daerah Tokyo. Mesjid tertua di Jepang adalah mesjid Kobe yang didirikan tahun 1928 oleh pedagang dari India, sedangkan mesjid tertua di Tokyo adalah Masjid Jamii yang dibangun tahun 1938 didirikan oleh orang Turki dengan mendapat sokongan penuh pemerintahnya. (sumber : wikipedia). Mesjid terbaru sekarang adalah Mesjid Gifu, propinsi Aichi, yang terkenal dengan industri otomotifnya. "Proyek pembangunan masjid ini menelan biaya sebesar 129 juta yen atau setara 1,1 juta dolar AS" (sumber : berita antara).
Dari segi bentuk fisik, mesjid yang ada di Jepang hampir tidak ada perbedaannya dengan mesjid umumnya yang ada di tanah air, besar, megah dan indah serta tidak ketinggalan bangunan menara dan kubah besarnya. Namun perlu dicatat bahwa mesjid dengan katagori seperti di atas jumlahnya tidaklah banyak karena sebagian besar lainnya hanyalah berupa bangunan sederhana berupa rumah, apartement atau ruangan kosong yang disewa secara patungan oleh beberapa orang.
Karena membuat keributan dan kebisingan adalah dilarang di negara tersebut (berlaku juga untuk agama lain) maka praktis suara azan hanya terdengar di dalam ruangan mesjid saja. Hal ini mungkin akan menjadi salah satu perbedaan paling utama kalau dibandingkan dengan kondisi mesjid di Indonesia.
Jumlah penganut Islam di Jepang
Ini merupakan bagian yang paling sulit untuk dijawab karena tidak ada catatan atau penghitungan resmi tentang hal ini. Tidak seperti di negara kita dimana agama adalah merupakan identitas wajib yang harus dimiliki oleh setiap orang, kondisi di Jepang adalah sebaliknya. Agama adalah urusan pribadi yang sama sekali tidak diatur oleh pemerintah. Sensus, angket atau pertanyaan tentang agama yang dilakukan oleh badan resmi negara dipastikan tidak akan pernah ada. Jadi jawaban pasti dari jumlah penduduk muslim di Jepang tidak akan pernah bisa didapatkan. Namun menurut perkiraan atau klaim yang dibuat oleh Islamic Center di negara tersebut menyebutkan angka sebesar 70.000 s/d 200.000 orang.
Muslim Jepang Asli
Dari 200.000 orang penduduk muslim di Jepang, apakah seluruhnya merupakan orang (asli) Jepang atau penduduk pendatang ? Pertanyaan yang sepertinya sangat menarik dan paling ditunggu tunggu. Namun sekali lagi pembaca tidak akan pernah mendapat jawaban yang pasti. Berikut catatannya lebih lengkap :
Menurut Michael Penn, "Islam in Japan: Adversity and Diversity," Harvard Asia Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1, Winter 2006. menyebutkan bahwa : sebagian besar umat Islam di Jepang (90%) adalah pendatang, sedangkan penduduk asli Jepang sendiri yang memeluk Islam diperkirakan tidak lebih dari 10%. ( Sumber : Wikipedia : Islam in Japan ) Jadi kalau perkiraan ini benar maka jumlah pemeluk Islam yang berasal dari penduduk asli adalah sekitar 7.000-20.000 orang.
Menurut Direktur Jenderal Institute of Developing Economic (IDE), Dr Sadashi Fukuda memperkirakan jumlahnya sekitar 10.000 orang. Kosei Morimoto, Ph.D menyebut kisaran angka 12.000 s/d 15.000. orang. Asisten Sekretaris Pres Direktur Devisi Pers Internasional Mentri Luar Jepang, Chiba Akira memperkirakan hanya sekitar 5.000-an. Tapi Imam Masjid Kobe, Mohsen Shaker, yakin jumlah umat Islam di seluruh Jepang, mencapai 20.000-an atau bahkan mungkin lebih, katanya lebih lanjut. (Sumber : Harian Pagi Fajar, Makasar : Warna-Warni Kehidupan Beragama di Jepang)
Menurut Hassan Ko Nakata, proffesor dan guru besar tentang study Islam mengatakan " Di Jepang tidak ada organisasi tunggal untuk Muslim Jepang. Juga tidak ada angka pasti berapa sebenarnya jumlah Muslim di Jepang. Tapi angka perkiraannya sekitar 70.000. Jumlah terbesar adalah Muslim dari Indonesia, sekitar 20.000 orang. Muslim asli Jepang sendiri diperkirakan hanya 7.000 orang dimana kebanyakan dari mereka masuk Islam melalui pernikahan dengan pasangan Muslim dari luar Jepang. Dari jumlah itu, hanya sekitar 500 orang yang terorganisasi di bawah Japan Muslim Association, sebuah organisasi Islam terbesar dan tertua di Jepang. Jadi, Muslim Jepang benar-benar minoritas mutlak. Keberadaannya di tengah-tengah masyarakat Jepang nyaris tak terperhatikan dan diabaikan. . . . ". Di bagian lain beliau juga mengatakan bahwa tokoh Islam (penduduk asli) sebelumnya, hampir sebagian besar tidak meninggalkan keturunan.
Dari websitenya Bapak Ishizawa Takeshi menyebutkan : "Menurut Shukyo Nenkan (Almanak Agama) diterbit dari Departmen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Jepang yang versi tahun 1996, jumlahnya pemeluk Islam adalah Islamic Center Japan : 2600 orang, Japan Muslim association: 120 orang"
Berikut saya kutipkan sebagian dari artikel yang berjudul "Islam di Jepang, sebuah perjalanan panjang". Ditulis oleh Kartika Lestari dan dimuat di site PMIJ (Persaudaraan Muslim Indonesia Jepang) : "Walaupun banyak organisasi Islam yang didirikan sejak tahun 1900-an, masing-masing hanya memiliki sedikit anggota yang aktif. Tidak ada estimasi yang dapat dipercaya (akurat) tentang populasi Muslim Jepang. Data yang menyatakan bahwa jumlah total Muslim Jepang adalah 30.000 orang terlalu dilebih-lebihkan. Beberapa orang menyatakan bahwa jumlah total populasi Muslim Jepang sebanyak hanya ada beberapa ratus orang. Mungkin ini merupakan jumlah Muslim Jepang yang benar-benar mempraktekkan Islam. Ketika diminta untuk memberikan estimasi mengenai jumlah Muslim Jepang yang sebenarnya, Abu Bakar Marimoto mengatakan bahwa total jumlah mereka seluruhnya seribu orang, jika kita tidak melakukan pengecualian terhadap mereka yang masuk Islam karena pernikahan dan mereka yang tidak mempraktekkan Islam dengan sungguh-sungguh, mungkin jumlahnya mencapai beberapa ribu orang."
Dari sejumlah sumber yang saya kutip di atas, sepertinya sudah cukup jelas bahwa sangat sulit untuk memberikan angka yang jelas karena setiap sumber memberikan jumlah angka yang bervariasi. Islamic Center di Jepang sepertinya memberikan penjelasan yang paling tepat : "Jawabanya sangat tergantung dari pihak mana yang Anda tanya ".
Wilayah dengan penduduk muslim
. Mesjid yang berdiri di sejumlah tempat, kota ataupun desa sama sekali tidak bisa dijadikan indikasi bahwa disekitar areal tersebut adalah konsentrasi penduduk muslim. Tentu saja karena pendirian tempat ibadah di negara tersebut relatif mudah dalam arti tidak harus didirikan di tengah warga dengan agama yang sama.
Kebanyakan dari umat muslim yang ada di Jepang adalah para pendatang dengan profesi yang beragam namun umumnya adalah pelajar, pekerja bisnis, tenaga kerja magang, serta staff kedutaan beserta keluarga. Mereka tinggal dan tersebar di banyak tempat namun umumnya terkonstrasi di kota besar seperti Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, Hirosima, Kobe serta wilayah lainya yamg memiliki komplek industri seperti Hamamatsu atau komplek peternakan seperti Hokkaido.
Cukup menarik untuk diketahui bahwa komposisi terbesar dari penduduk muslim di Jepang ternyata adalah warga Indonesia yaitu sekitar 20.000 an (sumber lihat di atas). Angka ini sepertinya masuk akal karena setelah saya bandingkan dengan catatan dari kedutaan besar Jepang di Jakarta menyebutkan bahwa jumlah warga negara Indonesia yang tinggal di Jepang : 23.890 per Desember 2004.
 Tokoh, Mualaf dan Organisasi Islam di Jepang
 Tokoh, Mualaf dan Organisasi Islam di Jepang  Siapakah orang Jepang pertama yang memeluk Islam ? Sejumlah nama yang bisa dicatat adalah : Torajiro Yamada (tanpa catatan tahun), Mitsutaro Takaoka tahun 1909 kemudian Bunpachiro Ariga (1946), Hilal Yamada Torajiro (1957), Nurullah Tanaka Ippei (1934) dan masih banyak lagi (sumber : tidak dicatat). Orang Jepang muslim yang naik haji pertama kali adalah Haji Kataro Yamaoka. (sumber : Berita Antara).
Sedikit catatan, mengambil sample para mualaf periode awal, kebanyakan adalah perorangan sehingga hampir tidak seorangpun yang melahirkan keturunan. Mungkin hal inilah yang menyebabkan perkembangan agama ini di kalangan penduduk asli relatif sangat lambat.
Sedangkan organisasi muslim pertama adalah Japan Muslim Association berdiri di tahun 1953 bawah pimpinan Sadiq Imaizumi dengan jumlah anggota sebanyak 65 orang.
Adakah artis atau orang Jepang terkenal yang beragama Islam ? Pertanyaan yang cukup sering saya dapatkan dari pembaca. Pertanyaan tidak mudah tentu saja. Hal ini disebabkan karena sifat sangat tertutup dari orang Jepang tentang data personal terlebih lagi dalam urusan agama. Kalau tidak si-artis sendiri yang ngaku, maka kita nyaris tidak akan tahu agama yang dianut oleh seseorang. Namun jawaban sepertinya saat ini belum ada artis Jepang yang beragama Islam. Saya yakin kalau seandinya ada artis atau tokoh Jepang beragama Islam maka tentunya sudah menjadi berita heboh dan marak di dunia maya Indonesia.

Masa keemasan Islam di Jepang
Setelah perang dunia kedua, perkembangan Islam di Jepang mulai mencapai masa keemasan karena diberitakan saat itu banyak tentara yang bertugas di negara lain yang memeluk Islam dan kemudian mendirikan organisasi agama serta menyebarkannya agama barunya itu ke masyarakat luas. Kemudian pada setelah terjadinya krisis minyak tahun 1973, karena perhatian Jepang mulai beralih ke negara negara penghasil minyak yang sebagian besar adalah negara arab..
Kemudian ada juga sumber lain yang menambahkan keterangan sedikit berbeda yaitu perkembangan Islam di Jepang juga menunjukkan kenaikan setelah peristiwa 11 September 2001, serta setelah perang teluk. yang berakhir dengan dikuasainya Irak oleh pasukan Amerika. Pendapat menarik lanya mengatakan bahwa saat inilah perkembangan Islam mencapai puncaknya karena tiap hari mesjid dilaporkan tidak pernah sepi dari kunjungan orang Jepang yaitu sekitar 50 orang perhari yang ingin berpindah memeluk agama Islam. (Sumber lengkap tidak dicatat)

Masa suram Islam di Jepang
Perkembangan Islam di Jepang juga pernah menjadi sorotan karena beberapa kasus seperti pembunuhan Hitoshi Igarashi tanggal 11July 1991 yang sangat menghebohkan.  Beliau adalah seorang dosen bidang Study Islam yang menerjemahkan buku Ayat Ayat Setan, ditemukan meninggal berlumuran darah di dekat ruang kerjanya yaitu di Universitas Tsukuba Ibaraki. Kasus ini mendapat sorotan yang luas dan melibatkan investigasi besar besaran namun pelakunya masih tetap misteri sampai akhirnya kasusnya ditutup pada tanggal 11July 2006. Menurut undang undang di Jepang kasus kriminal dianggap selesai dan kasusnya akan ditutup setelah melewati waktu 15 tahun. Kasusnya bisa dibaca disini
Kasus lainnya yang juga menjadi sorotan adalah terbunuhnya Kazuya Ito, seorang tenaga sukarelawan proyek irigasi di Afganistan tahun 2008. Pembunuhnya yang mengatasnamakan kelompok Islam tersebut menculik tenaga sosial tersebut sehabis bekerja. Namun sebetulnya jauh sebelum itu kecurigaan orang Jepang terhadap kegiatan agama sudah cukup besar seperti perang dan kekerasan atas nama agama di sejumlah negara Arab, Philipina ataupun Indonesia serta kasus yang sangat terkenal penghancuran situs bersejarah di lembah Bamyan, membuat perkembangan agama Islam di negara tersebut sangat tidak menguntungkan.
Kemudian kasus lainya yang paling terkenal adalah adalah peristiwa serangan 11 September 2001 yang menyebabkan 24 orang Jepang tewas. Kasus ini cukup unik sekaligus juga membingungkan khususnya dalam hubungannya dengan Islam di Jepang. Beberapa site menyebutkan setelah peristiwa 11 September 2001, memicu banyak orang Jepang yang memeluk Islam, namun sebagaian kecil lagi memberikan agrumen yang sebaliknya, jadi agar tidak menimbulkan perdebatan rasanya cukup adil kalau saya tulis keduanya. Di sub ini saya memakai sumber dari koran online The Japan Times .
Sedikit catatan, salah seorang pelaku 11 Septermber pernah bermukim di negara tersebut. Beberapa laporan inteligen beberapa kali melaporkan bahwa Jepang merupakan salah satu target serangan mereka dan bulan Mey 2004, 4 orang yang anggota atau simpatisan Al Qaida telah tertangkap di negara tersebut (Sumber CNN). Jadi bisa dibayangkan sejak kejadian tersebut, aktivitas keagamaan menjadi semakin diawasi.
Sebenarnya jauh sebelum itu yaitu sejak kasus serangan gas sarin oleh kelompok agama Aum Shinrikyo bulan March 1995, masyarakat Jepang sudah cukup alergi dengan kegiatan atau kelompok yang berbau agama jadi setelah beberapa kasus lain yang muncul kemudian seakan menambah panjang daftar kecurigaan tersebut. Walaupun kasus terakhir dan juga kasus lainya sama sekali tidak berkaitan dengan Islam namun bagi mereka (sepertinya) adalah sama saja. Jadi untuk mengubah stereotip miring semacam ini tentu saja tidaklah mudah.

Toleransi dan kemudahan beragama di Jepang
Salah satu sebab agama Islam bisa berkembang pesat di Jepang adalah karena bagusnya iklim tolerensi yang ada di masyarakat di negara ini dan jaminan dari pemerintah sendiri tentang kebebasan beragama. Kebebasan yang dimaksud adalah dalam arti luas termasuk juga bebas untuk tidak memeluk agama apapun. Orang Jepang secara umum bisa dikatakan tidak mengenal agama, jadi tentu saja tidak akan ada fanatisme agama dalam diri mereka. Agama hanyalah sekedar aktivitas budaya yang tidak akan tercatat pada dokument identitas apapun.
Salah satu contoh menarik tentang toleransi adalah kasus seorang muslim dari Malaysia, Nik Yusof, yang meninggal saat tragedi bom Hiroshima 6 Augustus 1945, makamnya justru dibuat dan dipelihara oleh pengurus kuil Buddha. (sumber : surat kabar online, The Star, Malaysia). Kemudian contoh yang lebih umum, kuburan muslim di Yamanashi Tokyo berhasil dibangun berkat jasa dari Umat Buddha sekte Sotoshu. Makam seluas 4.800 meter persegi yang saat ini berisi sekitar 120 makam terletak di areal makam milik Kuil Monjuin, Koshu. (Sumber : The Yamiuri Shinbun).
Kemudian hampir semua tempat ibadah atau mesjid yang berdiri sekarang adalah terletak di tengah komunitas penduduk asli yang notebene bukan pemeluk muslim. Jadi hal ini mungkin merupakan salah satu contoh yang paling mudah. Jadi kalau seandainya aturan pendirian tempat ibadah diperketat atau setidaknya seperti aturan di Indonesia, mungkin mesjid tidak akan pernah ada di negara tersebut.
Menurut pendapat saya pribadi, orang Jepang rata rata sangat toleran terhadap adat dan kepercayaan negara lain dan disamping itu mereka juga selalu ingin tahu tentang hal baru. Program siaran di televisi tentang budaya negara lain bisa kita temukan dengan mudah seperti kehidupan dunia arab ataupun kehidupan di Indonesia. Walaupun sulit dimengerti karena sangat berbeda dengan pola pikir mereka setidaknya mereka mencoba untuk memahaminya. Sekali lagi hanya pendapat pribadi.
Berikut saya kutipkan beberapa pendapat yang ditulis oleh rekan lain :
(dikutip dari : Republika : Islam berkembang pesat di Jepang ) "Kebebasan beragama yang telah dinikmati oleh masyarakat Jepang selama ini, punya andil yang cukup besar bagi diterimanya Islam di Jepang. Masyarakat Jepang dengan bebas dapat memeluk Islam sebagai agama. Lebih dari, kondisi masyarkat Jepang yang cukup toleran dan lebih mengutamakan akal dan logika lebih memudahkan mereka menerima kebenarna Islam yang ajarannya memang tidak bertentangan dengan akal sehat. Karena berpikir logis itu pula yang menjadikan masyarakat Jepang tidak terpengaruh dengan isu terorisme Islam yang sengaja dihembuskan oleh pihak-pihak tertentu." (dikutip dari : http://islamlib.com/id/artikel/berbahasa-arab-di-jepang/ ) "Saya sempat berkunjung ke s
          PENYEBARAN AGAMA ISLAM DI CINA   

Pokok permasalahan
1.      Bagaimana penyebaran agama islam di cina ?
2.      Bagaimana suku – suku yang beragama islam di cina?
3.      Awal mula islam bersemi di dataran cina?
4.      Bagaimana kondisi Agama islam pada zaman dinasti song ?
5.      Bagaimana saat Masa Surut Islam di Daratan Cina?

6.       
Pendahuluan
Islam masuk ke Asia Tenggara disebarluaskan melalui kegiatan kaum pedagang dan para sufi. Hal ini berbeda dengan daerah Islam di Dunia lainnya yang disebarluaskan melalui penaklulan Arab dan Turki. Islam masuk di Asia Tenggara dengan jalan damai, terbuka dan tanpa pemaksaan sehingga Islam sangat mudah diterima masyarakat Asia Tenggara.
Mengenai kedatangan Islam di negara-negara yang ada di Asia Tenggara hamper semuanya didahului oleh interaksi antara masyarakat di wilayah kepulauan dengan para pedagang Arab, India, Bengal, Cina, Gujarat, Iran, Yaman dan Arabia Selatan. Pada abad ke-5 sebelum Masehi Kepulauan Melayu telah menjadi tempat persinggahan para pedagang yang berlayar ke Cina dan mereka telah menjalin hubungan dengan masyarakat sekitar Pesisir. Kondisi semacam inilah yang dimanfaatkan para pedagang Muslim yang singgah untuk menyebarkan Islam pada warga sekitar pesisir.


Para ahli sejarah sepakat bahwa Islam masuk ke Tiongkok (Cina) pada awal abad pertama Hijriyah (abad ke-7 M), tepatnya pada tahun 618 M, yakni pada masa pemerintahan Dinasti Tang (618-907 M). Pendapat ini menyatakan pula bahwa Islam masuk ke Cina dibawa oleh sahabat yang bernama Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas dengan rombongannya yang berjumlah 15 orang. Islam masuk ke Cina melalui dua jalur utama, jalur darat disebut dengan Jalur Sutera dan jalur laut melalui pelayaran yang disebut dengan Jalur Lada.
Sejarawan Kwantung mencatat kedatangan muslim pertama di Cina terjadi pada permulaan pemerintahan dinasti Tang. Dalam catatan mereka disebutkan banyaknya orang asing dari kerajaan Annam, Kamboja, Madinah dan beberapa negara lainnya datang ke Canton. Orang-orang asing ini menyembah langit dan tidak menyembah patung, berhala, maupun gambar-gambar di tempat peribadatan mereka. Kerajaan Madinah terletak di dekat India dan di kerajaan ini lahir agama orang-orang asing ini yang berbeda dengan asal-usul agama Budha. Mereka tidak makan daging babi dan tidak pula minum arak. Kini para pemeluk agama ini disebut Hui-Hui.
Kedatangan Islam ke Cina tercatat dalam kitab sejarah Chiu T’hang Shu yang menyebutkan bahwa Cina pernah menerima kunjungan diplomatik dari orang-orang Ta Shih (Arab) yang diutus oleh Tan mi mo ni’ (Amirul Mukminin), yakni Khalifah Utsman bin Affan.  Utsman menugaskan Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas untuk membawa ajaran Illahi ke daratan Cina. Utusan khalifah itu diterima secara terbuka oleh Kaisar Yung Wei dari Dinasti Tang. Kaisar lalu memerintahkan pembangunan Masjid Huaisheng atau masjid Memorial di Canton, masjid pertama di daratan Cina. Pada masa Dinasti Tang, Cina tengah mencapai masa keemasan dan menjadi kosmopolitan budaya, sehingga dengan mudah ajaran Islam tersebar dan dikenal masyarakat Tiongkok.
Orang Cina mengenal Islam dengan sebutan Yisilan Jiao yang berarti 'agama yang murni' dan menyebut Makkah sebagai tempat kelahiran Buddha Ma-hia-wu (Nabi Muhammad SAW).
Pada awalnya, pemeluk agama Islam terbanyak di Cina adalah para saudagar dari Arab dan Persia. Orang Cina yang pertama kali memeluk Islam adalah suku Hui Chi. Sejak saat itu, pemeluk Islam di Cina kian bertambah banyak. Ketika Dinasti Song berkuasa, umat Muslim telah menguasai industri ekspor dan impor. Bahkan, pada periode itu jabatan direktur jenderal pelayaran secara konsisten dijabat orang Muslim.
Cina yang sebelumnya terkenal dengan nama RRC (Republik Rakyat China ) terletak di wilayah Asia Timur berbatasan dengan 14 negara tetangga Korea Utara, Mongolia, Rusia, Vietnam, Laos, Birma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan dan negara-negara lainnya. Agama Islam telah tersebar di China selama lebih 1300 tahun.
Suku beragama islam
Suku islam di cina
Di China, terdapat 10 suku bangsa yang beragama Islam, termasuk etnik Huizu, Uygur, Kazakh, Kirgiz, Tajik, Uzbek, Tatar dan lain-lainnya. Penduduk Islam tinggal di merata tempat di seluruh China, terutamanya di bagian barat laut China, termasuk provinsi Gansu, Qinghai, Shanxi, Wilayah Autonomi Xinjiang dan Wilayah Autonomi Ningxia. Agama Islam sudah tidak asing bagi penduduk di negara ini. Ia telah menjadi salah satu agama yang penting di China.
Awal mula islam bersemi di dataran cina
Terdapat beberapa versi hikayat tentang awal mula Islam bersemi di dataran Cina. Versi pertama menyebutkan, ajaran Islam pertama kali tiba di Cina dibawa para sahabat Rasul yang hijrah ke al-Habasha Abyssinia (Ethopia). Sahabat Nabi hijrah ke Ethopia untuk menghindari kemarahan dan amuk massa kaum Quraish jahiliyah. Mereka antara lain : Ruqayyah (anak perempuan Nabi),  Ustman bin Affan (suami Ruqayyah), Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas (paman Rasulullah SAW) dan sejumlah sahabat lainnya.
Para sahabat yang hijrah ke Etopia itu mendapat perlindungan dari Raja Atsmaha Negus di kota Axum. Banyak sahabat yang memilih menetap dan tak kembali ke tanah Arab. Konon, mereka inilah yang kemudian berlayar dan tiba di daratan Cina pada saat Dinasti Sui berkuasa (581 M – 618 M).
Sumber lainnya menyebutkan, ajaran Islam pertama kali tiba di Cina ketika Sa’ad Abi Waqqas dan tiga sahabatnya berlayar ke Cina dari Ethopia pada tahun 616 M. Setelah sampai di Cina, Sa’ad kembali ke Arab dan 21 tahun kemudian kembali lagi ke Guangzhou membawa kitab suci Alquran. Ada pula yang menyebutkan, ajaran Islam pertama kali tiba di Cina pada 615 M – kurang lebih 20 tahun setelah Rasulullah SAW tutup usia. Adalah Khalifah Utsman bin Affan yang menugaskan Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas untuk membawa ajaran Illahi ke daratan Cina. Konon, Sa’ad meninggal dunia di Cina pada tahun 635 M. Kuburannya dikenal sebagai Geys’ Mazars.
Utusan khalifah itu diterima secara terbuka oleh Kaisar Yung Wei dari Dinasti Tang pada tahun 651 M. Kaisar pun lalu memerintahkan pembangunan Masjid Huaisheng atau masjid Memorial di Canton – masjid pertama yang berdiri di daratan Cina. Ketika Dinasti Tang berkuasa, Cina tengah mencapai masa keemasan dan menjadi kosmopolitan budaya. Sehingga, dengan mudah ajaran Islam tersebar dan dikenal masyarakat Tiongkok.
Agama islam pada zaman dinasti song
Pada zaman Dinasti Song, agama Islam dianggap lebih mulia oleh rakyat China, agama Islam telah mulai berkembang di China dan kawasan kediaman penduduk beragama Islam lebih luas. Banyak orang asing yang beragama Islam tinggal di bandar Guangzhou di provinsi Guangdong dan bandar Quanzhou di provinsi Fujian secara berkumpulan. Masjid pada zaman Dinasti Song yang masih ada sekarang sudah tidak banyak, yang paling terkenal ialah masjid “Qing Jing Si” dibandar Quanzhou.
Zaman Dinasti Yuan merupakan zaman yang paling penting bagi perkembangan agama Islam di China, karena Agama Islam di China berkembang paling pesat dan paling makmur pada zaman itu dan mempunyai kedudukan yang penting, arena politik dan kehidupan masyarakat. Penduduk yang menganut agama Islam bertambah pesat, dan warga Islam China banyak mengadakan perhubungan dengan dunia Arab. Masjid di China pada zaman itu bertambah banyak. Selain bercirikan seni Arab, reka bentuknya telah menerima seni China, karena banyak menggunakan kayu yang diukir.
Pada zaman Dinasti Ming, perkembangan agama Islam di China telah menghadapi rintangan, maharaja pertama Dinasti Ming memandang rendah terhadap agama Islam. Baginda mengeluarkan perintah untuk melarang rakyat menyembelih lembu secara tersendiri dan beberapa dasar yang mendiskriminasi umat Islam, termasuk orang Islam tidak boleh menjadi pegawai kerajaan dan lain-lainnya. Ini telah mencetuskan kemarahan umat Islam di China dan penduduk Islam mengadakan pemberontakan di ibu kota negara.
Masjid dan Perkembangan Islam di Cina
Orang Cina mengenal Islam dengan sebutan Yisilan Jiao yang berarti ‘agama yang murni’. Masyarakat Tiongkok menyebut Makkah sebagai tempat kelahiran ‘Buddha Ma-hia-wu’ (Nabi Muhammad SAW). Pada awalnya, pemeluk agama Islam terbanyak di Cina adalah para saudagar dari Arab dan Persia. Orang Cina yang pertama kali memeluk Islam adalah suku Hui Chi. Sejak saat itu, pemeluk Islam di Cina kian bertambah banyak. Ketika Dinasti Song bertahta, umat Muslim telah menguasai industri ekspor dan impor. Bahkan, pada periode itu jabatan direktur jenderal pelayaran secara konsisten dijabat orang Muslim.
Jauh sebelum ajaran Islam diturunkan Allah SWT, bangsa Cina memang telah mencapai peradaban yang amat tinggi. Kala itu, masyarakat Negeri Tirai Bambu sudah menguasai beragam khazanah kekayaan ilmu pengetahuan dan peradaban. Tak bisa dipungkiri bahwa umat Islam juga banyak menyerap ilmu pengetahuan serta peradaban dari negeri ini. Beberapa contohnya antara lain, ilmu ketabiban, kertas, serta bubuk mesiu. Kehebatan dan tingginya peradaban masyarakat Cina ternyata sudah terdengar di negeri Arab sebelum tahun 500 M.
Sejak itu, para saudagar dan pelaut dari Arab membina hubungan dagang dengan `Middle Kingdom’ – julukan Cina.  Untuk bisa berkongsi dengan para saudagar Cina, para pelaut dan saudagar Arab dengan gagah berani mengarungi ganasnya samudera. Mereka `angkat layar’ dari Basra di Teluk Arab dan kota Siraf di Teluk Persia menuju lautan Samudera Hindia.
Sebelum sampai ke daratan Cina, para pelaut dan saudagar Arab melintasi Srilanka dan mengarahkan kapalnya ke Selat Malaka. Setelah itu, mereka berlego jangkar di pelabuhan Guangzhou atau orang Arab menyebutnya Khanfu. Guangzhou merupakan pusat perdagangan dan pelabuhan tertua di Cina. Sejak itu banyak orang Arab yang menetap di Cina.
Kebudayaan Islam mempunyai kedudukan yang penting dalam kebudayaan China, umat Islam di China pernah memberi sumbangan yang besar terhadap perkembangan sains dan teknologi China. Kalender yang dicipta oleh umat Islam pernah digunakan di China dalam waktu yang panjang. Alat pandu arah angkasa yang dicipta oleh seorang ahli ilmu falak yang bernama Zamaruddin pada Dinasti Yuan sangat populer di China. Ilmu matematik yang dikembangkan dari Arab telah diterima oleh orang China. Ilmu perobatan Arab juga menjadi sebagian daripada ilmu perobatan China. Umat Islam juga terkenal dengan pembuatan meriam di China, Dinasti Yuan menggunakan sejenis meriam yang dikenali sebagai meriam etnik Huizu yang diciptakan oleh orang Islam China. Meriam itu tidak menggunakan bahan letupan, tetapi menggunakan batu sebagai peluru, dan meriam itu sangat populer di China pada zaman itu. Selain itu, orang Islam juga terkenal dengan teknik pembinaan dan menenun.
Untuk menunjukkan kekaguman dan penghormatannya terhadap Islam, kaisar lantas mendirikan masjid pertama di Cina. Masjid Canton (Memorial Mosque) sampai saat ini masih berdiri tegak dan telah berusia 14 abad. Masjid ini adalah saksi bisu perkembangan Islam di negeri tirai bambu itu. Setelah itu, hubungan Islam dan Cina berkembang pesat hingga muncul perkampungan Muslim. Yang pertama dibangun adalah Cheng Aan.
Pada tahun ke 133 Hijriah terjadi pertempuran besar yang menentukan sejarah Islam di Asia Tengah. Pasukan Muslim dipimpin Ziyad. Meski tak jelas berapa korbannya, Cina mengalami kekalahan menyedihkan dalam pertempuran kali ini. Setelah kemenangan itu, Muslim mengontrol penuh hampir seluruh wilayah Asia Tengah. Kemenangan itu membuka pintu lebar-lebar bagi ulama Islam.
Pada tahun 138 Hijrah, Jenderal Lieu Chen melakukan pemberontakan melawan Kaisar Sehwan Tsung. Untuk menumpas pemberontakan itu kaisar memohon pertolongan Khalifah Al Mansur dari dinasti Abbasiyah. Al Mansur menyanggupi dengan mengirim 4 ribu tentaranya ke Cina. Bantuan ini membuat kaisar bisa menghadapi para pemberontak.
Itulah mula pertama hingga tentara Turki mulai hadir di Cina. Mereka menetap dan lantas menikahi perempuan Cina. Saat ini ulama Cina berkembang baik dalam bidang ilmu agama maupun filsafat dan sosial. Bahkan tak sedikit yang ikut mewarnai filsafat Confusius. Namun belakangan umat Islam menghadapi banyak masalah. Kehidupan yang sangat keras dialami saat dinasti Manchu berkuasa (1644-1911 Masehi). Terjadi perseteruan paling keras di mana terjadi lima kali perang yakni Lanchu, Che Kanio, Singkiang, Uunanan dan Shansi. Muslim mengalami kekalahan dalam pertempuran kali ini. Korban yang jatuh tak terhitung dan mengakibatkan menyusutnya jumlah Muslim hingga sepertiganya saja.
Setelah kekalahan menyakitkan itu jumlah Muslim kembali berkembang. Diperkirakan ada 60 juta umat Islam. Mereka bukan cuma mengerti teori tapi juga praktik. Mereka mengenal rukun Islam, konsep halal dan haram dan sempat memimpin peradaban di Cina. Umat Islam punya babak baru pada masa Mao Tse Tung (1893-1976). Negarawan besar ini juga punya hubungan khusus dengan umat Islam. Ketika dia menetapkan markasnya ke Niyan, umat Islam Cina mendukungnya penuh. Bahkan sebagian Musilm ikut bergabung dalam tentara Merahnya meski sebagian menyembunyikan agama asli.
Pada 1954 pemerintah menjamin kebebasan untuk melakukan shalat, upacara ritual dan budaya serta sosial sendiri. Sebagai perbandingan terhadap etnis minoritas lainnya, mereka juga diberi kebebasan terutama menjalin hubungan dengan muslim lain di dunia. Belakangan memang pemerintah Cina memberi perlakuan khusus bagi mereka. Caranya dengan memberikan otonomi atau provinsi khusus buat mereka. Pemerintah Cina memberi hak khusus kepada etnik minoritas. Sebagai bukti, di luar dari 22 provinsi ada lima daerah otonomi penuh yang didasarkan pada pengakuan atas hak warga minoritas bukan saja Muslim tapi juga etnik lain.
Wilayah itu adalah Zhuang di Guangxi Zhuangzu, Hui-wilayah muslim di Ningxia Huizu, Uygurs di Xinjiang Uygurs, Tibet di Tibet, dan Mongol di wilayah khusus Mongol. Wilayah khusus lain dibedakan lantaran perjanjian dengan Inggris seperti Hongkong yang telah dikembalikan secara resmi.
Islam di Cina kental dengan muatan lokal. Kondisinya mirip dengan di Indonesia terutama wilayah Jawa. Desain masjid atau rumah-rumah hunian Muslim Cina mengambil budaya setempat. Warna merah, kuning dan bahkan kepercayaan terhadap unsur yin dan yang juga diyakini umat Islam. Muslim Cina masih menghormati dan bahkan meyakini kepercayaan leluhur.
Arsitektur masjid misalnya. Kubahnya dibuat model Cina. Pada pintunya terdapat tabir tipis dari plastik sebagai pencegah bala. Bagi masyarakat Cina, terlarang pintu yang menghadap ke depan. Biasanya pintu dibuat agak berliku. Dan jika langsung menghadap depan akan ada tirai yang menghalangi. Sebuah perbedaan yang bisa disaksikan secara kasat mata adalah bahwa Muslim tinggal berkelompok. Ini memudahkan mereka mencari makanan halal. Hanya di perkampungan Muslim kita bisa mendapatkan daging dan makanan halal lain. Di tempat lain makanan halal sulit ditemukan. Buku-buku agamapun ditulis dalam bahasa Han. Hadis, fikih, ahlak dan sejarah diterbitkan dalam bahasa lokal.
Penulis seperti Ma Chu, Leo Tse dan Chang Chung (1500-1700 Masehi) adalah tokoh yang berjasa menerjemahkan teks Arab dan Parsi kedalam bahasa lokal. Bahkan di antara buku-buku tersebut ada yang ajarannya bercampur dengan pengajaran filsafat Confusius.  Penerjemahan Alquran pertama dilakukan pada abad 19. Ma Pu Shu mencoba menerjemahkan lima juz saja. Meski belum lengkap, apa yang ia kerjakan sangat berjasa bagi Muslim lokal. Abad 20 adalah masa sukses bagi umat Islam Cina. Sejumlah ulama berusaha meneruskan langkah Ma Pu Shu. Bukan saja Alquran, penerjemahan juga dilakukan terhadap teks agama lain seperti hadis Arbain an-Nawawy. Adalah Syaikh Wang Jing Chai dan Yang Shi Chian yang berjasa melakukannya.
Filsafat dan ilmu pengetahuan sosial lainnya adalah keuntungan yang diperoleh dari ulama Islam Cina. Telaah yang dilakukan Wang Dai Yu dan Liu Tsi pada masa Dinasti Ming dan Chend sangat berjasa bukan saja bagi pengembangan filsafat Islam tapi juga pemikiran filsafat Cina.
Pada tahun 1070 M, Kaisar Shenzong dari Dinasti Song mengundang 5.300 pria Muslim dari Bukhara untuk tinggal di Cina. Tujuannya untuk membangun zona penyangga antara Cina dengan Kekaisaran Liao di wilayah Timur Laut. Orang Bukhara itu lalu menetap di di antara Kaifeng dan Yenching (Beijing). Mereka dipimpin Pangeran Amir Sayyid alias ‘So-Fei Er’. Dia bergelar `bapak’ komunitas Muslim di Cina.
Ketika Dinasti Mongol Yuan (1274 M -1368 M) berkuasa, jumlah pemeluk Islam di Cina semakin besar. Mongol, sebagai minoritas di Cina, memberi kesempatan kepada imigran Muslim untuk naik status menjadi Cina Han.Bangsa Mongol menggunakan jasa orang Persia, Arab dan Uyghur untuk mengurus pajak dan keuangan. Pada waktu itu, banyak Muslim yang memimpin korporasi di awal periode Dinasti Yuan. Para sarjana Muslim mengkaji astronomi dan menyusun kalender. Selain itu, para arsitek Muslim juga membantu mendesain ibu kota Dinasti Yuan, Khanbaliq.
Pada masa kekuasaan Dinasti Ming, Muslim masih memiliki pengaruh yang kuat di lingkaran pemerintahan. Pendiri Dinasti Ming, Zhu Yuanzhang adalah jenderal Muslim terkemuka, termasuk Lan Yu Who. Pada 1388, Lan memimpin pasukan Dinasti Ming dan menundukkan Mongolia. Tak lama setelah itu muncul Laksamana Cheng Ho – seorang pelaut Muslim andal.
Masa Surut Islam di Daratan Cina
Saat Dinasti Ming berkuasa, imigran dari negara-negara Muslim mulai dilarang dan dibatasi. Cina pun berubah menjadi negara yang mengisolasi diri. Muslim di Cina pun mulai menggunakan dialek bahasa Cina. Arsitektur Masjid pun mulai mengikuti tradisi Cina. Pada era ini Nanjing menjadi pusat studi Islam yang penting. Setelah itu hubungan penguasa Cina dengan Islam mulai memburuk.
Hubungan antara Muslim dengan penguasa Cina mulai memburuk sejak Dinasti Qing (1644-1911) berkuasa. Tak cuma dengan penguasa, relasi Muslim dengan masyarakat Cina lainnya menjadi makin sulit. Dinasti Qing melarang berbagai kegiatan Keislaman.Menyembelih hewan qurban pada setiap Idul Adha dilarang. Umat Islam tak boleh lagi membangun masjid. Bahkan, penguasa dari Dinasti Qing juga tak membolehkan umat Islam menunaikan rukun Islam kelima – menunaikan ibadah haji ke Tanah Suci Makkah. Taktik adu domba pun diterapkan penguasa untuk memecah belah umat Islam yang terdiri dari bangsa Han, Tibet dan Mogol. Akibatnya ketiga suku penganut Islam itu saling bermusuhan. Tindakan represif Dinasti Qing itu memicu pemberontakan Panthay yang terjadi di provinsi Yunan dari 1855 M hingga 1873 M.
Setelah jatuhnya Dinasti Qing, Sun Yat Sen akhirnya mendirikan Republik Cina. Rakyat Han, Hui (Muslim), Meng (Mongol) dan Tsang (Tibet) berada di bawah Republik Cina. Pada 1911, Provinsi Qinhai, Gansu dan Ningxia berada dalam kekuasaan Muslim yakni keluarga Ma. Kondisi umat Islam di Cina makin memburuk ketika terjadi Revolusi Budaya. Pemerintah mulai mengendorkan kebijakannya kepada Muslim pada 1978. Kini Islam kembali menggeliat di Cina. Hal itu ditandai dengan banyaknya masjid serta aktivitas Muslim antaretnis di Cina.



Kesimpulan :
Kedatangan Islam ke Cina tercatat dalam kitab sejarah Chiu T’hang Shu yang menyebutkan bahwa Cina pernah menerima kunjungan diplomatik dari orang-orang Ta Shih (Arab) yang diutus oleh Tan mi mo ni’ (Amirul Mukminin), yakni Khalifah Utsman bin Affan.  Utsman menugaskan Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas untuk membawa ajaran Illahi ke daratan Cina. Utusan khalifah itu diterima secara terbuka oleh Kaisar Yung Wei dari Dinasti Tang. Kaisar lalu memerintahkan pembangunan Masjid Huaisheng atau masjid Memorial di Canton, masjid pertama di daratan Cina. Pada masa Dinasti Tang, Cina tengah mencapai masa keemasan dan menjadi kosmopolitan budaya, sehingga dengan mudah ajaran Islam tersebar dan dikenal masyarakat Tiongkok.
Orang Cina mengenal Islam dengan sebutan Yisilan Jiao yang berarti 'agama yang murni' dan menyebut Makkah sebagai tempat kelahiran Buddha Ma-hia-wu (Nabi Muhammad SAW).
Pada awalnya, pemeluk agama Islam terbanyak di Cina adalah para saudagar dari Arab dan Persia. Orang Cina yang pertama kali memeluk Islam adalah suku Hui Chi. Sejak saat itu, pemeluk Islam di Cina kian bertambah banyak. Ketika Dinasti Song berkuasa, umat Muslim telah menguasai industri ekspor dan impor. Bahkan, pada periode itu jabatan direktur jenderal pelayaran secara konsisten dijabat orang Muslim.
Cina yang sebelumnya terkenal dengan nama RRC (Republik Rakyat China ) terletak di wilayah Asia Timur berbatasan dengan 14 negara tetangga Korea Utara, Mongolia, Rusia, Vietnam, Laos, Birma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan dan negara-negara lainnya. Agama Islam telah tersebar di China selama lebih 1300 tahun.



Daftar pustaka
            Arnold, Thomas Walker. 1984. The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith
http://putramahkotaofscout.blogspot.com/


          PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM Di DUNIA   
PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM Di DUNIA

Setelah mempelajaari modul ini siswa dapat :
1. Menjelaskan perkembangan Islam di dunia
2. Menjelaskan manfaat yang dapat diambil dari sejarah perkembangan Islam di dunia
3. Menyebutkan contoh perkembangan Islam di dunia
4. Menjelaskan hikmah perkembangan Islam di dunia

A. Perkembangan Ajaran Islam di Eropa
1. Austria
Di Austria terdapat Islamic Center, masjid , perpustakaan, dan madrasah sebagai tempat untuk memepelajari Al Qur’an. Lembaga ini menjadi penghubung dengan dunia Islam pada umumnya.
Di Austria terdapat perpustakaan Islam yang dikenal dengan nama Social Service. Semua biaya kegiatan keagamaan ditanggung oleh umat Islam sendiri. Untuk menyiapkan generasi penerus pendidikan agama Islam diberikan pada hari sabtu dan minggu.
2. Belgia
Keberadaan agama Islam di Belgia diakui oleh pemerintah sebagai salah satu agama dari yang sah. Untuk menampung kegiatan umat Islam dibangun masjid dan Islamic center. Di negara ini pernah dipakai tempat muktamar Islam Eropa tepatnya di kota Brussel.
Sejak tahun 1975 Pendidikan agama Islam di masukkan ke dalam kurukulum sekolah di tingkat SD, SMP dan SMA. Materi yang diajarkan adalah; Al Qur’an, Bahasa Arab, Ilmu Agama Islam.
3. Spanyol
Di negara ini umat Islam pernah mengalami kejayaan, yaitu pada masa kekuasaan Bani Umayyah. Pada masa-masa berikutnya Isam tidak lagi mampu mengembangkan sayapnya dinegara ini, karena mendapatkan himpitan dari kristen. Pada masa pemerintah Spanyol mengeluarkan undang-undang yang mengakui bahwa semua agama mempunyai derajat yang sama, kegiatan Islam muai tampak lagi. Bangunan masjid Kordaba menjadi kebanggaan umat Islam pada waktu itu. Pada tahun 1981 dibangunlah Islamic center sebagaipusat pendidikan Islam.
4. Bulgaria
Umat Islam di Bulgaria pernah berjaya, yaitu pada masa Dinasti Usmaniyah berkuasa. Umat Islam di Bulgariaya berjumlah 12,2 %, dan sudah masuk menjadi bagian dari sistem politik.
Pemerintah Bulgaria pernah melarang segala kegiatan organisasa muslim serta menetapkan sejumlah larangan bagi umat Islam. Kegiatan keagamaan dibatasi dan umat Islam diharuskan mengganti nama Arab mereka. Manun demikian umat Islam tetap bertahan dan teus mengmbangkan dakwah Islam. Umat muslim Bulgaria terdapat dua komunitas besar yaitu; Pomak atau etnis Bulgaria yang tigngal di wilayah pegunungan selatan dan etnis Turki yang tinggal di kawasan tenggara. Problem yang dihadapai umat muslim adalah rendahnya tingkat pendidikan dan minimnya lapangan pekerjaan.
5. Inggris
Di inggris agama Islam berkembang dengan pesat, faktor yang menjadi pendorong perkembangan Islam antara lain mengalirnya ilmu pengetahuan Islam dari Spanyo, Pemindahan Universitas Toledo ke Inggsris, sehingga Inggris memiliki Universitas Cambraibge dan Oxford. Untuk mengengbangkan agama Islam dibangunlah masjid agung (Central mosque) di pusat kota London. Mozarobes adalah salah satu tokoh yang sangat gigih dalam mendakwahkan Islam di Inggris.
Pada saat ini umat muslim Inggris menjalin hubungan kerja sama dengan umat muslin Indonesia. Programnya adalah penukaran imam dan khotib yang disepakati dalam forum Kelompok Penasehat Keulamaan Indonesia- Inggris atau RI UK Islamic Advisory Group ( UK – IAG ) yang dibentuk atas kesepakatan Perdana Menteri Inggris Tony Blair dengan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudoyono, pada bulan Maret 2006. Selain itu adalah penterjemahan karya-karya Indonesia ke dalam bahasa Inggris, dialog antara agama dan aneka kegiatan mengisi waktu luang pelajar.
6. Perancis
Sebenarnya di negara ini terkenal sebgai negara Katolik. Akan tetapi, dalam hal agama liberal, orang yang tidak beragama pun diakui hak-haknya. Agama Islam dapat berkembang dengan baik di negara ini. Sekarang sudah ada Al Qur’an diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Perancis. Salah satu tokoh yang sangat gigih dalam hal ini adalah Jackues Beroue.
7. Italia
Italia adalah pusak agama Katolik di seluruh dunia. Namun demilkian Agama Islam dapat tumbuh dan berkembang di negara ini. Pada tahun 1984 kaum muslimin berhasil mendirikan masjid sebagai pusat kegiatan agama.
8. Jerman
Islam masuk di Jerman pada abad ke 8 M. Pada masa pemerintahan Frederich Wilhelm, Islam berkembang karena umat islam berjasa dalam perjuangan militer di jerman. Pada tahun 1908 dalam resimen “Towarczy”, ada 1.220 tentanra muslim dari 1.320, sedangkan sisanya beragama kristen. Peran militer muslim tidak hanya berperang melawan Napolion, tetapi berlanjut melawan Rusia dan Polandia.
Islam berkembang dengan pesat pada masa pasca Nazi puncaknya pada tahun 60-an. Sekarang populasi muslim di Jerman mencapai 3,7 juta, dari 82,5 juta penduduk jerman 33% beragama Protestan, 33 % beragama Katolik dan 4,5 % beragama Islam. Mayoritas muslim Jerman dari keturunan Turki, sisanya keturunan Maroko, Pakistan, Iran, Afganistan, Balkan dan sebagainya.
Pendidikan agama Islam telah disetujui pemerintah masuk pada kurikulum sekolah negeri, namun demikian masih ada kendala yaitu tidak adanya organisasi Islam yang diakui pemerintah, sedangkan pemerintah mensyaratkan hal itu ada untuk menjadi mitra bicara untuk membahas materi pelajaran agama Islam. Di Jerman terdapat masjid dan mushola sekitar 2.200 . Di Berlin sendiri terdapat sekitar 70 masjid /mushola. Selain digunakan sebagi tempat ibadah, juga difungsikan sebagai tempat kegiatan Islami terutama pengajian atau pendidiakan Islam.
9. Kanada
Islam masud di Kanda kurang lebih 150 tahun yang lampau. Sikap toleransi antar agama cukup tinggi, sehingga kekerasan yang ditimbulkan dari agama ras dapat diminimalisasi.
Pada saat ini ada sekitar 600 ribu umat Islam di Kanada. Umat Islam di Kanada dapat bekerja diberbagai bidang. Saat ini pendidikan agama telah diajarkan di sekolah, karena para guru dan pengelola pendidikan merasa perlu untuk memberikan pengetahuan tentang Islam kepada para siswanya.
Usaha-usaha umat muslim di kanada untuk memperkenalkan kepada publik, bahwa Islam adalah agama yang cinta damai terutama di negara-negara barat antara lain ; diselenggarakan diskusi-diskusi, dialog listas agama, penerbitan buletin, serta aneka produk budaya. Selain itu umat Islam di kanada juga membuat acara khusus tentang Islam dan kehidupan sehari-hari. Mereka memproduksi film dokumenter yang diberi judul A New Life in a new Land.
10. Kawasan Eropa Timur dan Semenanjung Balkan
Pada masa Kekholifahan Turki Usmani, Islam merebak di negeri ini. Jumlah umat Islam terbanyak berada di Albania, dibandingkan di Bulgaria, Macedonia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Azerbaijan dan sebagainya.

B. Australia
Islam masuk di Australia melalui orang-orang Afganistan yang bekerja sebagai pengendara unta. Pada tahun 1924 Islam lebih berkembang lagi yang dibawa oleh orang-orang dari Albania, yang bekerja sebagai petani tembakau di Australia Utara.
Quesland Islamic Society, didirikan bertujuan untuk menyadarkan anak-anak muslim agar melaksanakan sholat. Al Qur’an menjadi ajaran pokok di sisni. Diantara organisasi yang dibeentuk untuk memajukan Islam yaitu :
1. Australia Federation of Islamic Councils (Federasi Dewan-dewan Islam Australia)
2. Federasi of Islamic Societies (Federasi Masyarakat Muslim) yang bertaraf nasional, melipouti 35 ormas muslim lokal dan 9 Dewan Islam Negara Bagian.
3. Moslem Student Association (Himpunan Mahasiswa Muslim)
4. Moslem Women’s Centre (Pusat Wanita-wanita Islam) bertujuan memberikan pelajaran keislaman bagi kaum yang datang dari luar negeri diberi tambahan pekajaran bahasa inggris.
King Khalid Islamic College (KKIC) adalah sekolah Islam yang pertamakali didirikan di Australia tepatnya di negara bagian Victoria. KKIC didirkan tahun 1982, siswanya terdiri dari berbagai bangsa dan negara. Sekolah ini setara dengan SD, hingga SMA. Sekarang telah berdiri 30 sekolah yang serupa di seluruh Australia. Sekolah tersebut menggunakan kurikulum nasional dan internasional. Agama Islam dan Al Qur’an mejadi mata pelajaran wajib.

C. Afrika
1. Sudan
Perkembangan Islam di Suda sangat megembirakan. Salah satu tokoh yang berjasa masuknya Islam di Sudan adalah Abdullah bin Said bin Ali Sarah. Penyebaran Islam di negeri ini dilakukan dengan mengajarkan ilmu Tasyawuf dan Filsafat. Tokoh yang paling berpengaruh pada waktu itu adalah Syeh Abdul Qodir Al Jilani dan Abdul Hasan Asy Syazali.
2. Etiopia
Islam masuk di Eteopia ketika Rosulullah masih hidup. Pada saat itu ada 15 orang muslim yang hijrah ke Eteopia. Negeri ini pada masa Rosul dikenal dengan nama Habsyinia atau Habsyah. Sejak abad XIV M , orang muslim Hasbania mengadakan hubungan dengan Mesir (Al Azhar), sehigga memunculkan ulama-ulama terkenal pada masa itu.
Pada tahun 1934 M, Al Azhar mengirimkan beberapa utusan yang bertugas untuk mengajar agama Islam. Beberapa masjid didirikan sebagai pusat ibadah umat Islam, dan madarasah sebagai pusat pendidikan Agama Islam.
3. Uganda
Perkembangan Islam di Uganda cukup pesat. Masuknya Islam di negeri in diperkirakan sekitar tahun 1844 melalui perdagang yaitu Ahmad Ibrohim, Idi Amin. Idi Amin dianggap sebagai pendiri Uganda Muslim Supreme Cauncil (UMSC) pada tahun 1974. Ia juga berhasil mengundang Raja Faisal pada peletakan batu pertama pembangunan Masjid nasional di Old Kampala. Beliau juga membwa Uganda menjadi Organisasi konferensi Islam (OKI). Saat ini sekitar 15 % penduduk Uganda memeluk agama Islam.
4. Somalia
Sebelum Islam masuk di Somalia, agama kristen masuk lebih dahulu. Ketika Islam di negeri ini terjadilah perang agama. Pada akhirnya Islam dapat berkembang di negeri ini. Islam masuk di Somalia pada tahun 860 M. masyarakat muslim Somalia mengikuti mazhab sunni, syi’ah ada yang menganut ajaran tasyawuf. Kini Islam terus berkembang di negeri ini.
5. Liberia.
Jumlah umat muslim Liberia saat ini mencapai kurang lebih 25 % dari 3 juta penduduk. Keadaan masyarakat muslim di negeri ini sangat memprihatinkan, karena rendahnya tingkat pendidikan dan meluasnya tingkat kemiskinan.
Undang-undang di negeri ini menjamin kebebasan beragama, pemerintah menghormati setiap pendidik beribadah menurut agamanya masing-masing, meskipun demikian uamt Islam tetap menghadapi diskriminasi dalam beragama.
The Arabic Organization for Studies, merupakan salah satu organisasi Islam yang bertujuan meningkatkan dakwah Islam dan mengajarkan Islam dan Al Qur’an kepada para mualaf.
6. Mozambik
Nama Mozambil berasal Mu bin Baig, yaitu nama seorang tokoh Islam yang pernah berpengaruh dikawasan itu. Di Negeri in Islam dapat berkembang dengan baik. Umat Islam di negeri ini berhasil membangun lembaga Islam, antara lain ; Comunidodo Musulman Assocao (Persatuan Masyarakat Islam) , Islamic Center. Masyarakat muslim Mozambik bermazhab sunni.
7. Senegal
Islam masuk negeri ini pada abad XI M. dibawah oleh bangsa magribi. Kebanyakan umat Islam dinegeri ini bermazhab Syafi’I dan Maliki. Ribuan masjid telah didirikan dan masjid yang paling besar adalah masjid Tsiys dan Taubah, Pendidikan Islam telah dibangun dari tingkat Ibtidaiyah sampai dengan peerguruan tinggi.
8. Gambia
Islam masuk ke Gambia pada abda ke X M, dibawa para pedagang dari Arab (Maroko) dan Barbar dari Mauritania. Islam Gambia bermazhab sunni dan mayoritas beraliran sufi. Para pemuka sufi ini yang membawa Islam dapat berkembang dengan pesat.
9. Namibia
Sampai dengan akhir tahun 1980-an Islam belum banyak dikenal di negeri ini. Pada waktu itu penganur Islam mayoritas berasal dari Afrika. Pada tahun 1980 di negeri ini belum ada satupun bangunan masjid. Windhoek Islamic Center, yang di anggap bangunan mesjid, sebenarnya hanya bangunan kecil yang menempel pada bangunan gereja yang megah yang dibangun oleh pemerintah.
Saat ini telah terdapat tujuh masjid dan satu lagi baru di bangun di Katutura. Tokoh muslim yang paling berjasa dalam pegemmbangan Islam di Namibia adalah Jacobs Salmaan Dhancees. Dia adalah pejabat Komisi Pemilihan Umum Nmaibia. Perjalanannya ke Konferensi Islam membawa hidayah baginya masuk agama Islam. Untuk mekanjutka dakwah dan syiar Islam, kini banyak pemuda muslim yang dikirim ke Arab Saudi untuk belajar agama Islam.

D. Asia
1. Pakistan
Islam masuk ke India-Pakistan pada masa Bani Umayyah. Dengan melalui perjalanan yang panjang pada tahun 1862 M menjadi negara Islam.
Pada awal abad XX, Sayid Ahmad Khan ( seorang kominis ), mencetuskan gagasan bahwa Muslim dan Hindu membentuk bangsa yang berbeda dan terpisah di India, atas dasar agama dan budaya. Tulisan Ahmad Khan ini mengilhami Muhammad Ali Jinnah memimpin Liga Musliam pada pembentukan Pakistan.
Pakistan mejadi negara Republik Islam. Negeri ini termasuk negara produktif ilmuwan dan budayawan muslim yang terkenal seperti Muhammad Iqbal, Fazlur Rahman dan lain sebagainya.
2. India
Islam masuk ke India pada masa Khulafaur Rosyidin, ketia Kholifah Umar bin Khottob memerintah, Ia telah mengirimkan pasukan ke Persia dan berhasil menaklukkan Persia babian selatan.
Pada masa pemerintahan Bani Umayyah Islam di India berkembangn pesat. Para da’i yang berhasil menyebarkan Islam di India antara lain :
a. Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan. Pada masa pemerintahannya Beliau mengirimkan pasukan ke India yang dipimpin oleh Maglab bin Abi Sufiah.
b. Hajja bin Yusuf as Saqofi, orang yang dipercaya Abdul Malik bin Marwan.
c. Subaktakir dari Ghozna’
d. Muhammad Ghori, raja muslim di Ghori yang moderat.
Puncak kejayaan Islam di India pada masa Kerajaan Islam Mughal yang dipimpin Babur Akbar kemudian dilanjutkan oleh putranya Humayun. Pada masa kejayaan Islam di India datanglah Inggris menjajah India, Kerajaan Mughal runtuh dan India menjadi jajahan Inggris.
3. Rusia
Islam masuk di Rusia pada masa Bai Umayyah. Di kota Bukhora pernah lahir seorang ulama besar ahli hadis yaitu Imam Bukhori yang menulis kitab hadis Shoheh Bukhori. Islam di Rusia mengalami kejayaan ketika Dinasti Samanid berkuasa. Akan tetapi ketika Jengis Khan menggempur Asia Tengah banyak penduduk muslim yang dibunuh, masjid dan sekolah-sekolah dibakar.
Di Rusia saat ini telah memiliki Direktorat Utusan Islam di Departemen Luar Negeri Urusan Asia. Dengan adanya lembaga ini hak-hak dan kewajiban-kewajiban umat muslim dilindungi negara. Di negeri ini terdapat hampir 400 masjid dan 190 madrasah sebagai pusat syiar dan pendalaman Islam. Studi Isalam dan bahasa arab kini menjadi bagian kurikulum Islam di Rusia.
4 Afganistan
Islam masuk ke Afganistan pada masa Kholifah Umar bin Khottab. Pada masa Kholifah Usman bin Affan Islam telah memasuki Kabul, setelah melalui perjalanan pajang umat Islam berhasil memprokamirkan Afganistan.
Di Negeri ini umat Islam selalu berjuang menegakkan kebenaran dan keadilan, akan tetapi perjuangan umat Islam selalau mendapat tekanan dari Uni Soviet. Pada masa pengaruh Uni Soviet dapat dilenyapkan, para pemimpin gerakanm mujahidin dapat berkuasa di Afganistan. Pada masa kejayaan umat Islam, Afganistan teerkenal sebagai gudang ilmu dan berhasil melahirkan Sejumlah ilmuwan muslim.
5. Republik Rakyat Cina
Islam masuk ke Cina pada masa daulah Bani Abasiyah, kedatanag Islam di semenanjung Cina disambut gembira oleh masyarakat. Pada masa Dinasti Ming lahirlah seorang muslim terkenal yaitu Laksamana Zheng Ho atau Sham Poo Kong (1371).
Pada masa dinasti Manchu yang diprakarsai oleh Kaisar Kong His, Islam berkembang dengan pesat baik dikalangn terpelajar maupun masyarakat biasa. Kehidupan umat Islam terasa aman dan damai, bahkan banyak tokoh muslim yang menduduki jabatan penting dalam pemerintahan.
Perkembangan dan kamajuan Islam semakin tampak nyata Setelah RRC merdeka tanggal , 10 Nopember 1911 M , terutama ketika hamcurnya faham komunis di berbagai belahan dunia. Di Cian terdapat dua masjid khusus wanita yang berada di Peking (Beijing). General Moslem Associatin of China, adalah salah satu organisasi Islam di Cina, yang bergerak dalam pengembangan dakwah penembangan Islam.
1. Singapura
Islam masuk Singpura kurang lebih abad ke XVI M. Pada masa Kerajaan Malak dipimpin oleh Sultan Mansyur Syah, wilayahnya melebar sampai ke Palembang dan Jambi. Dari Jambi melalui Tanjung Pinang Islam menyebar ke Singapura.
Di Singpura Islam dapat berkembang dengan baik, khuisusnya di bidang pendidikan, seperti penerbitanbuku-buku agama berbahasa Arab, Madrsah-madrsah banyak didirikan. Islam di Singapura mendapatkan pengkuan dari pemerintah. Majelis Ulama Singapura (MUIS), mempunyai otoritas bagi pembangunan kehidupan masyarakat Islam Singapura. MUIS berada di bawah Kementerian Pembangunan Masyarakat dan ditangani oleh Menteri Lingkungan atau Menteri Sekitaran. Pada tahun 1990 MUIS bernama Maintenance Religous Harmony Act.
7. Thailand
Islam masuk ke Thailan ( Muangtai ) pada abad ke XV M, melalui kerajaan Acaeh (Pasai), setelah ditaklikan kerajaan Siam (Thailan). Selain itu Islam masuk melalui Malaka.
Kini banyak umat Islam Tailan yang merantau keluar negeri, seperti Timur Tengah dan Indonesia untuk mencari ilmu.
8. Bunai Darussalam
Islam masuk ke negeri ini sekitar tahun 977 M melalui jalur Timur Asia Tenggara oleh para pedagang dari Cina.
Pada waktu pusat penyebaran dan kebudayaan Islam di Malaka jatuh ketangan Portugis, Islam di Brunai maju pesat. Kemajuan Islam semakin bertambah cepat pada masa dipimpin oleh Sultan Bolkiah ( Sultan ke 5). Pada tahun 199885 Brunai membentuk Majlis Agama Islam berdasarkan Undang-undang Agama dan Mahkamah Kadi. Pada waktu itu Islam telah menjadi idiologi negara. Didirikannya pusat dakwah untuk kepntingan penelitian Agama Islam. Anak cacat dan yatim mejadi tanggungjawab pemerintah. Saat ini Islam telah menjadi bagian dari negara.

E. Hikmah Belajar Sejarah
Ada beberapa hal yang dapat kita ambil hikmahnya setelah kita belajar sejarah perkembangan Islam, yaitu antara lain :
1. Hanya dengan kerja keras dan usaha yang maksimal, apa yang diinginkan akan berhasil. Hal in dapat dilihat bahwa Islam berkembang dengan baik di berbagai belahan dunia adalah atas usaha yang maksimal umat muslim.
2. Tidak menjadikan warna kulit, beda bahasa dan sebagainya menjadi jurang pemisah. Karena Allah hanya membedakan hambanya dari segi ketaqwaannya.
3. Sesama muslim adalah saudara, meskipun dari berbagai benua dan negara yang berbeda. Persaduaraanitu diikat adanya aqidah atau ketuhanan yang satu Allah dan kitab suci yang satu yaitu Al Qur’an.
4. Menjadikan perbedaan dalam hal warna kulit, beda bahasa, suku jenis rabut dan lain sebagainya sebagi rahmat, bukan sebagai jurang pemisah.





A. Pilihlah Jawaban yang Paling Tepat
1. Sejak tahun 1975, di Belgia ilmu agama Islam telah masuk di dalam kurikulum sekolah. Materi agama ini di ajarkan pada sisiwa mulai tingkat …
a. SD d. Pperguruan Tinggi
b. SMP e. TK
c. SMA
2. Lembaga Islamic Center yang berada di Austria berfungsi sebagai ….
a. pusat dakwah Islam
b. pusat pendidikan Islam dan hubungan dengan dunia Islam
c. kegiatan ekonomi Islam
d. kegiatan polik
e. menampung anak cacat dan yatim
3. Agama Islam masuk di India-Pakiskan pada masa pemerintahan Islam ……
a. Dinasti Fatimiyah d. Khulafaur Rosyidin
b. Bani Umayyah e. Turki Usmani
c. Bani Abasiyah
4. Tokoh muslim yang terkenal dari Tionghoa (Cina) yang lahior pada masa Dinasti Ming adalah ……….
a. Muhammada Ali Jinnah d. Sayyid Ahmad Khan
b. Zheng Ho e. Ali Bin Abi Tholib
c. Abu Bakar
5. Salah satu peninggalan Kerajaan Isalam di India yang sampai saat ini masih dapat kita saksikan adalah ……
a. Masjid Kordafa d. Piramida

c. Tajmahal
6. Salah satu Universitas di Inggris yang turut serta mendorong perkembangan Islam di Inggris adalah ………
a. London d. Toledo
b. Al Ashar e. Kanada
c. Oxford
7. Saat ini umat Islam di Inggris telah menjalin kerjasama dengan umat Islam Indonesia. Salah satu program yang disepakati adalah …….
a. pertukaran kebudayaan d. pertukaran Imam dan Khotib
b. pertukaran pelajar e. penyediaan lapangan kerja
c. pertukaran mahasiawa
8. Di Perancis Agama Islam dapat berkembang dengan baik. Jackues Beroue telah bejuang keras mengembangkan Islam dalam hal …..
a. menterjemahkan Al Qur’an dalam bahasa Perancis
b. menterjemahkan buku-buku agama Islam
c. menerbitkan buku-buku keagamaan
d. memasukkan kurikulum agama Islam ke sekolah formal
e. tukar menukar pelajar Islam dengan Arab Saudi
9. Islam dapat berkembang dengan baik. Jumlah penduduk sekiitar 3,7 juta jiwa. Dari jumlah tersebut yang memeluk agama Islam sekitar ……
a. 90 % d. 4,5 %
b. 50 % e. 2.5 %
c. 3,4 %
10. Penyampaian pelajaran agama Islam di Jerman menggunakan model percontohan atau pilot proyek. Daerah yang dibuat percontohan adalah …
a. Berlin d. Frankfurt
b. Muceen e. Bayern
c. Bom
11. Rusia salah satu negara Asia Tenggara yang pernah memiliki pusat pengembangan Islam yaitu Bukhoro. Di kota tersebut lahir seorang ulama’ ahli Hadits yang bernama ……
a. Imam Syafi’I d. Imam Muslim
b. Imam Hambali e. Imam Ibnu Majah
c. Imama Bukhori
12. The Arabic Organization for Studies merupakan organisasi Islam di Liberia. Organisasi ini memiliki tujuan ….
a. men