The Real Secret of Cambodia’s Mythic Warrior: Archaeological Insight   
By Kent Davis
Originally posted at http://www.devata.org/2012/03/the-real-secret-of-cambodias-mythic-warrior-archaeological-insight/

…like a good Indiana Jones movie, the real story of this lost treasure began with a flash of archaeological insight in a remote Asian jungle half a world away….

Koh Ker, Cambodia – Protests from the Kingdom of Cambodia recently halted the multi-million dollar Sotheby’s sale of an ancient stone statue with the support of the United States government. When the Cambodians sought help bringing the thousand-year-old Khmer statue back to their country the New York Times ran a detailed article entitled “Mythic Warrior Is Captive in Global Art Conflict.”

10th century Cambodian sculpture previously scheduled for a multi-million dollar Sotheby’s sale.
Their investigation reveals that the legal and moral issues surrounding the ownership and sale of ancient art are quite complex. In this case, one generous art collector may actually provide a positive solution. But like a good Indiana Jones movie, the real story of this lost treasure began with a flash of archaeological insight in a remote Asian jungle half a world away.

Mystery of the Missing Men of Koh Ker

One thousand years ago, the Khmer Empire ruled most of what is now Southeast Asia from its capital in Angkor. During their heyday, the architecturally and artistically sophisticated Khmer people created some of humanity’s most extraordinary stone temples and statues. Apart from a few stone inscriptions, however, no written records of the civilization survived. Out of necessity, archaeologists have had no alternative but to piece the story of the Khmer people together, clue by clue and stone by stone.

Rising above 30 meters in height, Koh Ker’s central temple-mountain of Prasat Thom was built 100 years before Angkor Wat. Photo: Khmersearch, Panoramio.
Early in the 10th century (for reasons that are still unclear), King Jayavarman IV and his son Harsavarman II relocated the empire’s capital from Angkor to an isolated plateau 100 km to the northeast. There they built the city of Koh Ker, a huge new complex of temples and shrines, where they established their throne for a brief 16 year period (928-944 AD). Like all great Khmer cities, Koh Ker was ultimately abandoned and swallowed up by the jungle. The rediscovery of the Khmer civilization by Westerners didn’t begin until French explorers arrived in the second half of the 19th century.

In 2007, stone conservator Simon Warrack was working with the German Apsara Conservation Project (GACP), a scientific organization that had been doing critical restoration on Angkor Wat temple for more than a decade. In May, Warrack took a side trip to the Koh Ker site (Google Map link) to consider future conservation needs there.

At Koh Ker, Warrack noticed two distinctive pedestal platforms in the first enclosure of Prasat Chen. There, by the west gopura (an entry structure), he saw the feet where two statues had clearly been broken off. But the gods that once stood there were nowhere to be found. The mystery sparked his imagination.

The two Koh Ker pedestals as Warrack found them at Prasat Chen in May 2007. The pedestal circled in red shows a fabric section still attached in the center.
Virtually Connecting Ancient Dots…and Stones


From my own research cataloging the devata of Angkor I can attest that field work is generally hot, uncomfortable and distracting. Almost all of my discoveries happen at my desk in Florida examining photos taken weeks or years before at remote locations. Warrack continued his search in similar fashion.

The Norton Simon dvarapala featured in “Adoration and Glory”, p. 149
He pondered the distinctive bases and began searching for photos in books and research archives. Finally, he found a possible solution. In “Adoration and Glory – The Golden Age of Khmer Art” by Emma Bunker and Douglas Latchford one image stood out. It showed a figure identified as a dvarapala (guardian) at the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena California. That statue was missing its feet, but many are. The key to solving this puzzle was the unique tail at the bottom of its clothing element. After scanning images and digitally combining them Warrack confirmed the close match between the two fragments.

Warrack’s 2007 digital superimposition of the base and body of the Koh Ker statue.
Warrack immediately wrote a short paper to seek opinions from others in the field of Khmer studies. He forwarded copies to friends and associates as well as to key authorities including the APSARA Authority, which manages the Angkor region’s heritage assets; the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts in Phnom Penh; and the École française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO), a French organization dedicated to Asian studies that has been active in conservation efforts at Angkor since 1907. I met Simon in 2007 shortly after his find and the photos above come from the original article he shared with me.

Everyone who saw his image realized the importance of this observation. Determining the original location of displaced objects can be a huge help in interpreting their meaning and significance within the context of an ancient civilization. The record shows that the Norton Simon piece was acquired legitimately and is on public display for educational, artistic and cultural appreciation. But not all art ends up this way. Much of it disappears into private collections, out of view.

Such was the case of the complimentary statue that stood face to face with this one more than a thousand years ago at the Khmer capital of Koh Ker.

Sotheby's twin Khmer warrior. Note the unbroken base of the fabric tail.
The Long Lost Twin Reappears

In the summer of 2010, a “noble European lady” contacted Sotheby’s to discuss the sale of a “spectacular tenth-century Cambodian sculpture, 160 centimeters in height and exceptionally well carved.” Word got out quickly to the worlds of art and archaeology. When pictures began to circulate it was instantaneously clear that this was the long-lost companion to the statue Warrack had connected to the Norton Simon Museum three years earlier.

Meanwhile, in New York, the matching sculpture was estimated to sell for millions of dollars. According to the owner’s records, she legally acquired the piece in 1975 from the now-defunct London art dealer Spink & Son. The Norton Simon Museum also acquired their piece that year. Some evidence suggests that both statues left Cambodia in the late 1960s, but exactly when and how that happened, and who arranged it, is unknown.

Paraphrasing Sotheby’s Senior Vice President Jane A. Levine, the New York Times article stated “Ms. Levine countered that the statue could have been removed any time in its thousand-year history, and said the word ‘stolen’ was often ‘used loosely.’ ” Meanwhile, Christie’s auction house acquired Spinks in 1993 and claims that the 1975 records of the statue’s origin are “no longer available.”

Regardless of the lack of facts, the ownership of both statues seems quite legal under international laws. Which brings us to a question at the heart of this matter.

Who Should Own Historical Art?

An idealistic answer is “humanity” but even this dream can have unexpected consequences as we’ll discover below. My personal goal would be for historical assets to be accessible to everyone who wants to respect them, preserve them, appreciate them and learn from them. But this philosophy wouldn’t get me through the front door at most of the world’s public institutions holding these assets (let alone to private collections).

Most of us are fortunate enough to live in a free society. We can buy, sell and own personal property within the law. The laws protecting heritage assets have evolved considerably over the past few decades, and they continue to do so. But the fact remains that countless artifacts were legally acquired by collectors (“noble ladies” included) as well as public museums since the beginning of time. Isn’t it their right to display, use and sell their property as they see fit?

Let’s consider some difficult questions raised by recent news:

The taller Buddha of Bamiyan before and after destruction. Photo: Wikipedia.
1. Can a government or private entity decide to demolish old structures? This happens every day in every city around the world. Sometimes historical societies rally to save a site. Sometimes they can’t, as seen in the shocking annihilation of the Buddhas of Bamiyan. Was that government right? Were those people right? And who are you to judge? Do you live there?

In Sarasota Florida some local groups rallied to have this mural erased from a shop.
2. Can a government or private entity destroy something offensive or blasphemous to their values or religion? How far does freedom of expression go? This Yale article discusses the destruction of Buddha images in the Maldives. But it also mentions things like Henry VIII’s systematic destruction of all the monasteries in England, Wales and Ireland. Near my home in Sarasota Florida a debate has run for months about erasing a mural that may promote gangs. Acts of artistic control and destruction happen all the time.

Sunken treasure found by Odyssey Marine 1700 feet deep in the Atlantic Ociean.
3. Can a private group use its own funds to recover or preserve historical objects that were clearly abandoned by the original owners hundreds or even thousands of years earlier? In other words, does everything actually belong to some hypothetical “rightful owner”? And who owned these things before them? Odyssey Marine Exploration in Tampa Florida just got a harsh lesson in how arbitrarily this question can be answered. Odyssey spent years working to locate and salvage a ship in international waters off the coast of Portugal. It lay, unknown and untouched for two centuries in 1700 feet of water. US courts just ruled against Odyssey and returned all the artifacts to Spain.

Ironically, that silver and gold was mined in Peru by peasants working under slave-like conditions. Peru, of course, came under Spanish control in the 16th century when conquistadors brutally subjugated the Inca civilization in their quest for territory, power and treasure. But to the US courts, 200 years of ownership was enough to confiscate assets for an “original” owner…but not 400 years. Peru’s claim to the artifacts was ignored.

On the other side of the gold coin, salvage operations generally destroy much of the archaeological evidence that exists on a wreck site. I took an archaeological research diver workshop at a Florida galleon site, and I’ve also had the privilege of discussing this topic with the father of underwater archaeology, George Bass. I am quite opposed to the wholesale destruction of history to recover precious metals on land or at sea.

But in this case, Odyssey Marine consistently gathers a lot of archaeological data from their sites. And is it reasonable to ask when and how carefully archaeologists would be excavating this particular site more than half a kilometer deep? It seems we can all learn much from Odyssey’s digital photos, detailed site maps and the thousands of objects recovered. More than we would have known if the site was never found. Now the responsibility falls to Spain to educate and inspire us with their recovered objects. The world watches.

The “Angel of Beng Mealea” - March 5, 2006 and February 12, 2007.
4. Do poor people have the right to take abandoned objects from public places just to survive? I wrote about my own painful experience with this at Beng Mealea in this article “Death of an Angel.”

There are countless examples. There will be countless more. Each situation is different. Right and wrong are not always clear. And certainly never appear the same to opposing parties in a disagreement.

Back in 2008 I bought a used car legally. But what if the original owner (or the factory, or the country where it was built) tried to reclaim it because “I parked it too long” or “I wasn’t taking care of it” or “they want to study it” or “it belongs in the original place”? I can’t say I’d be too happy.

But there are solutions to these issues…as there are to most human conflicts: communication, empathy and diplomacy. Fortunately, a combination of these factors may lead to a resolution to the quandary of the Sotheby’s statue sale.

Collectors Who Share

Cultural sensitivity about who historical objects should belong to is a fairly new concept. As noted above people have the right to own private property. This has been going on for a long time. Humans are an acquisitive species by nature.

It’s worth noting that some of the most successful “acquirers” (Rockefeller, Carnegie, Warren Buffett and Bill Gates come to mind) have also proven themselves as some of our most generous givers. And some art collectors have proven themselves in this way, too. After a lifetime of actively hunting, obsessively gathering and painstakingly preserving the rare objects they crave…many end up donating their collections to public institutions.

In the world of Khmer art, Douglas Latchford, co-author of “Adoration and Glory” with art historian Emmy Bunker, is one example. He began collecting Khmer artifacts 56 years ago (1956). Over the years he and his friends have shared financial gifts with the National Museum of Cambodia. More significantly, he is the museum’s biggest contributor of artifacts (read more about Douglas Latchford on KI-Media).

Now another collector may assist with a solution to the thorny situation of the Koh Ker statue at Sotheby’s.

Dr. István Zelnik, founder of the Gold Museum in Budapest, Hungary.
During the 1970s, Dr. István Zelnik served as a Hungarian diplomat in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Like many passionate collectors he invested his money in rare books, antiques and works of art. Motivated by a love of art and curiosity about the objects he found, he became an increasingly sought after consulting expert for museums and archaeologists around the world. In 2011 his dreams culminated with his greatest achievement: founding the Zelnik István Southeast Asian Gold Museum in Budapest Hungary.

In a statement to the New York Times Dr. Zelnik expressed the possibility that he may purchase the statue for donation to the people of Cambodia. A generous, diplomatic and expedient solution in our complex world. The owner would be compensated for her private property, huge amounts of time and money would not be wasted on legal litigation, and the people who respect and admire the art of the Khmer people could once again see this expression of creativity in the land where it was born.

I wish him success and encourage him along with Mr. Latchford and other collectors to continue sharing the objects of their passion with the world.

The two mythic Cambodian warriors as they one faced each other at Koh Ker. Below, Simon Warrack asks if they can one day be reunited?
Could Two Ancient Brothers Meet Again?

To conclude this article I contacted Simon Warrack to ask his current ideas about the ownership of historic art. Here’s what he had to say:
“The concept of “ownership” may be the wrong place to start when considering important objects. It is the value and significance of an object that should be thought of first, rather than who it belongs to.

”The questions should really be about the object itself, not who it belongs to. Where is the object best valued? Where is it best appreciated? Where is it best understood? Where is it best conserved?

“Who an object belongs to should be secondary. As one of my colleagues observed ‘Objects are not important because they are in museums. They are in museums because they are important.’ The object itself is the important factor, not the museum that possesses it.

“After finding the empty pedestals seven years ago actually seeing both Koh Ker statues is remarkable. The possibility now exists that, one day, they may be reunited.

“Today, I called HE Hab Touch to ask his opinion on this matter. He is optimistic but noted that at this early stage no decisions or agreements are in place. However, Cambodia is ready and there are at least two suitable, secure locations where the pieces could be located for public appreciation. In the National Museum, of course, but plans are also being made for a museum at Preah Vihear, the same province where Koh Ker is located. There, the museum will become a gateway to the World Heritage Site and these figures could, once again, provide a wonderful center piece to welcome visitors from around the world.”
Simon closed by mentioning a concept from the book, Who Owns Antiquity by James Cuno. Cuno observes that national museums in wealthy nations host “encyclopedic” collections of objects from around the world, while national museums in less wealthy countries host indigenous local art relating to their own history.

He suggests that the global exchange of art would be a good direction to head in. Just as it is good for a child in Pasadena to experience the art of Cambodia, wouldn’t it also be wonderful for a child of Cambodia to see pieces of American history? Or the creations of Greece, Rome, Egypt, Mexico, etc.?

With communication, empathy and diplomacy we can all grow and learn.

          Preoccupied   
Am I the only one who has noticed how effeminate that pastor is - the one who said that Mormonism is a cult and then went on to throw his arms out toward Rick Perry in a gesture that must have been the envy of drag queens everywhere.  I am guessing we are just about one lacy ruffle from our next clergyman scandal; I only hope drugs are involved.  It's just more fun that way.
I listen less and less either to the news or to any of the talking heads, but there are a few things I have noticed lately from the little I have seen.  One is that those who are not raging against the Occupy Wall Street folks with small flecks of foam flying from their lips, are nonetheless baffled at what it is, exactly, that "those people" want.  I have also heard comments that ranged from gleeful gotcha-type snark to rueful bafflement as to why these folks who "can't be that poor" because they have iPhones or iPads (or both) seem to have so little resentment of Steve Jobs since they are "against the wealthy".  
It is clear to me that first of all, the idea that they are against not the wealthy per se, but rather against those wealthy people who have not earned their wealth, or those who use their wealth to unfair advantage.  Steve Jobs is eminently not among those.  Old Habakkuk said it well in his own little book of the bible: "Woe to him who builds his house by unjust gain".  Looks like Habakkuk had more going for him than a cool name.
In general there is now, as there always has been in the USA, three things going on.  There is the legitimate disagreement about social issues - the place of religion, abortion, gay rights, marriage, parental rights and responsibilities, crime and punishment, gun issues, the role of schools and so forth.  Secondly, there is the issue of spending - how much and whence the money to pay for it, and on what to spend public money.  These are two separate issues - fiscal and social - which are constantly being conflated so that many people who have strong feelings about social or 'moral' issues find themselves willingly or otherwise, allying themselves with people who have a particular stance on the spending issue, and vice versa.  Anyone who is socially liberal but fiscally conservative or socially conservative but fiscally liberal is reviled as a moderate, a fraud, or what have you.  Many people who feel strongly about social issues but less so on fiscal issues, or those who feel the reverse, must actually become frauds to be heard or elected by espousing strong positions they do not actually care about as much, in areas they find secondary in their beliefs about how to 'fix things'.  
As I said there are three, not two, things going on all the time.  The third thing is the growing power of those who win either way and who make every effort to keep the public focussed on emotional issues and acrimonious debate: the gotcha commentary, the 'assault' upon 'our rights' or upon the poor or upon those who 'earn their money and don't go looking for a handout' or the decline of the middle class or whatever resonant phraseology is current.  If every single congressman and senator were replaced by his or her chief opponent in the coming election, the effect would be miniscule.  There is no difference, really, between George Soros' political spending and that of the Koch brothers.  
In the antebellum South a small group of landowners oppressed both the poorer whites and the enslaved black population.  After the Civil War, this group - with a few desertions by leaders who fell from power and a few additions from both Southern and Carpetbagging Northern opportunists - pivoted smoothly into the Jim Crow era, where the poor whites were kept in line by threats of what would happen if blacks got rights and the blacks, poor or otherwise, were kept in line by what they had to lose from the little they had if the 'poor white trash' gained control.  The degree to which the poor whites had some awareness of their lack of real commonality with the aristocracy is reflected by the number of poorer mountain folk from slave-holding states who chose to join the Union army - there were rather a lot of these.  In Virginia, the poor mountain people seceded from the Secession majority in the state and formed the state of West Virginia, which remained with the North.  The passionate hatred between the "white trash" and the blacks was subtly stoked by those few who profitted either way; these poorer folk found themselves consistently supporting the lesser of two evils, as indeed we all find ourselves doing today with almost every vote we cast.  The problem is that the lesser of two evils is increasingly not all that much different from having to decide whether you'd prefer to be murdered by a serial killer or by a guy who just lost his head that one time.  Hmm; still dead.
It matters who wins an election in regard to the outcome of social issues, in regard to fiscal issues it matters somewhat also, in terms of where the money will come from and where it will go - although things will be far more the same, no matter who wins - than the rhetoric implies. However, it makes much less difference - almost none - in terms of how much money will be at issue.  In order to support our social beliefs we are sadly forced to accept the status quo politically and fiscally.  People who vote Democratic lose, people who vote Republican lose, and people who proudly proclaim that they never vote because it makes no difference lose.  
There is only one thing that would make any difference. It is something that the wealthy government officials - which includes every Justice on the Supreme Court, all the decision makers in the White House and Cabinet and all of the Congress - (although a few of the newer Congressmen may not be wealthy yet, their future wealth is guaranteed by their ability to slide smoothly into lobbyist firms or to start charging four, five or even six figures for a single hour of speaking at various venues for the rest of their life).  And that one thing is to add an amendment to the constitution divorcing the idea of spending unlimited money from the right of free speech.  There is no seat in Congress that isn't beholden to some wealthy person(s) or other.  None.  We all know this.  These wealthy few may be disguise themselves as interest groups or PACs or charities or any number of things, but in the end the money comes from people who had money to spare.  It is obscene how much it costs to run for office, and how much time most office seekers and office holders must spend seeking funds.  So much time is spent thusly that even the most conscientious of men or women must leave their research or decision making to a staff that has been largely chosen on an ideological basis or to a friendly lobbyist who will help him or her out by writing the legislation which he or she is to present or vote on.  
There will always be crooks in government but increasingly everybody is forced, by the cost of running for office and of countering expensive misinformation campaigns, into compromising independence and integrity if not into flat out dishonesty.  Whether it is hope and change or 9-9-9, no candidate for President will ever deliver, because Presidents do not make law, Congress does; and Congress won't because no Congressman is entirely free of indebtedness to the wealthy, and by wealthy, I am not talking of those who have five or ten million socked away, I mean those few families wealthy enough to buy a state.  Term limits don't help because two crooks are not better than one.  Campaign reform laws are useless, even in the rare case where they are meaningful, because the wholly-owned Supreme Court routinely overturns any real reform.  The one hope is a Constitutional amendment, because (so far) even the Court cannot declare an amendment unconstitutional. Unfortunately no amendment can be passed because the legislatures which would have to ratify it consist of men and women who are also beholden to the same wealthy few.  
What the Occupy Wall Street people are reacting to is the complete powerlessness of most of us to get out of this awful bind.  One of the last times such an all-powerful establishment was truly reformed a guillotine was involved.  The longer reform is suppressed, the more cataclysmic the reform will eventually be.  That is the way it has always been. 
It is not envy of the wealthy that is fueling this latest protest.  As I said, I have heard of few who begrudge the wealth of Steve Jobs, or Bill Gates, or any of the others who actually DID something to earn what they have.  It is the CEOs who get seven, eight or nine-figure bonuses and payouts when they ran their firms into the ground, or wealthy people who are using money they never earned to demonize poor people for using, or trying to use, wealth they never earned - i. e. welfare.  People who do nothing but live well off the money some ancestor made should not be so quick to castigate people who receive medical care they cannot actually afford.  It is disheartening that those who rob a bank of billions are all over the society pages while those who rob the same bank of a couple of hundred dollars are, if caught, doing hard time.  
Poor people are notorious for not bothering to vote, but for whom should they vote?  They should, perhaps, run themselves, but they'd only be spending money to do so that they don't have or can't spare - and if they raise the funds to run, they will be raising them from rich or at least richer people, and then here we are: back at square one.   
I don't expect any improvement; I think it quite possible that we have passed the point where real reform can occur.  But I shall be watching the protest movement with great interest.
By the way, the Blogger KING OF NEW YORK HACKS has talked to a lot of different folks in the Occupying crowd and has published some excellent pictures and commentary showing who's there.

          Dipping My Toe Back Into the Water   
Well, whaddaya know! Me!

OK, there’s a shot that won’t even be heard around the house, let alone around the world. The fact is, in this world where a ‘friend’ is a few keystrokes and, maybe, a small photo of him or her mugging for the camera (or even possibly a photo of someone other than him- or herself who is hotter, younger or better groomed, being palmed off on the unwary), that the presence or absence of one’s BFF in the blogging or Twitter or Facebook or web world is a moment of transitory consequence. In the virtual world where every man has a full head of hair and a larger than average dick and every woman has a D-cup bra and a 19-inch waist, BFF means ‘Best Friend Forever’, but in the real world where there is more sagging and wrinkling than that found in the average herd of elephants, the full acronym should be BFFTM, which – wait for it! – would be Best Friend For The Moment. I think most people believe what they say when they are saying it (or writing it), but I am pretty sure that most people can look back on a conversation or essay or what have you, twenty four hours after it has been completed and realize that, well, maybe I said a little bit more than what I actually believe or feel or know. There are, I think, two types of people: those who realize that they have overstated the case when they look back on a conversation and those who are psychopaths. So long as one is talking or writing or communicating, one can remain in that happy (or angry) place in which one began the interaction, but given a few hours’ rest or a night’s sleep after the event, most folks can honestly say that they might have travelled a bridge too far.

A year ago in March, as perhaps one or less of you may recall, I joined a gym and worked out almost without a miss, three times a week. Then last August, I woke up and I just didn’t want to go any more. So it goes with me in so many areas. It is a matter of some astonishment to me, that, until about two months ago, I actually kept up blogging, usually one a week, or once every two weeks – sometimes oftener, sometimes less often, but with some degree of regularity, either here or on SpacesLive, since 2005. Wow! Yay, Me! I started out with a vague personal goal to tell as honestly as possible, the stories of my life. There is no earthly reason why anyone should care about any of these, particularly the facts – who cares where or when I was born or what my parents were like, or my school or my jobs or my loves or my hates or my travels? Who cares about those facts about anyone? The truth is that what happened to anyone, unless it was extraordinarily dire and involved ghastly death, dismemberment or intimacy with a farm animal (preferably all three of these), is of interest only to him or her to whom said facts of life happened. No blog that I have ever read (or book or article or TV interview or conversation) has been interesting because it happened to the writer or speaker. Events are interesting because of the way the story is told. If someone actually thinks of readers as readers rather than as fans or friends, one realizes this. I try writing with this in mind, but it is so easy to slip into thinking that one knows the people whose writing one reads or who read and comment on what one has written oneself. It is easy to think that one’s own opinions or travails, or the weather in one’s hometown this day is of intrinsic interest. This is a deadly error for anyone except, perhaps, a child or grandchild who is speaking to his parents or (gasp!) grandparents.

An adolescent, or a member of a family, or a member of one tightly-knit group or other, is often wont to tell a newcomer what a wild and crazy bunch his crew is. Um, no. Never, NEVER claim anything that is an awesome compliment when said by another about you, but which is sure to provoke, in a neutral listener, the desire to prove the contrary when one says it about oneself. Do not claim to be "crazy" – in either the fun or clinical sense. Do not claim that you are not racist or not sexist or any of those –ists, because the first thought a listener will have (spoken or not) will begin with the phrase, “Well, what about that time you…”. When you say you are speaking frankly, you aren’t. Don’t say you are a good parent. Let the facts – and, hopefully,  your admirers – do the talking. Remember someone famous saying, “I am not a crook!”?  How’d that play out?

(Note: Word, the text editor which I use in writing, has placed a green squiggly line indicating bad grammar, under the sentence beginning with “Never, NEVER…”.  And, as you see, that IS a proper (though hortatory in form) sentence. I have had occasion to purse my lips and raise my brow about Word’s idea of grammar before and I find myself doing so again. How I can know grammar better than an entire software corporation with multi-thousands of degreed employees is a mystery to me – or would be if I hadn’t read once that Bill Gates was upset the day that he found that the average age of his employees had risen to 31. My under-30 cousin Warren, a sometimes writer, told me a year ago while we were in Bali that no one cared about that stuff (meaning grammar, spelling, and quite possibly coherence) anymore. Reading my local newspaper and the national newsmagazines as well as most of the fiction on the NY Times best-seller list inclines me to believe he is on to something. Folks can tell a story, but they can’t write well.)

Holy shit, I am doing just what I set out NOT to do. What I am trying to say is that I have a hard time sticking to one particular overriding vision for my writing. Originally, I wanted only to record things that happened to me in the past which I recall with fondness or some other emotion, in a way that I hoped would be interesting to some. But then I kept slipping into reacting to news items – not so much political crap, but stuff like seeing something in the news that provoked nostalgia or outrage or a strong desire to mock or soundly slap the subject of the article. I originally hoped to say what I thought, not today, or about a single event, but as a result of a longish arc of my personal experience; less my thought than the conclusions to which I had come. Alas, one thing I know for sure: if I say I will never do something it won’t be a month before I do it. Most of my life, the last step I took before any act was to say that I would never, under any circumstances, perform that act. I HOPE I will never have sex with an elephant. But I am not terribly optimistic. Indeed, the fact (which I only noticed on rereading) that elephants have come up twice in these few paragraphs is sadly troubling.

I know one writes best when one isn’t still angry or shocked or in the first throes of reaction. But sadly, that is also when one is motivated most strongly to write (or blabber to anyone who cannot flee quickly enough). And one, when one is me, is a sadly weak vessel. One is, as well, lazy and unmotivated in the normal course of the average day or week, or as you have seen this past Spring, season.

As you see, I got nothin’. And yet, just at this moment in time, I felt like doing a little writing. Thus proving my point; just because one wants to say something doesn’t give that something value. And I see I am ending with a green squiggly line under the last two words of the previous sentence. Really, Microsoft??? I need an elephant.

          Investors Want Ballmer Replaced, Microsoft Execs Stand Behind Him–For Now   

Steve Ballmer has been the CEO of Microsoft ever since he took over for Bill Gates back in 2000.  Has any thing exciting and revolutionary happened for Microsoft (or its stock) since then?  Not really…  Things have gotten pretty stale at the software giant, and despite the notion that things have at least been steady, […]
          Neither Obama nor Mc Cain! The United States needs a revolutionary government. It is necessary to destroy capitalism like a furious animal and ...   

by Yanick Toutain
MONSYTE oct 30, 2008
REVACTU oct 14 2016





Obama is a puppet with a program of Wall Street

To drive out the capitalists and their puppets is needed a revocable govt
(written  oct 30, 2008)





US CITIZENS NEED IN 2016 AS IN 2008

3) A HUMANOCRATIC REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT

The current joke is a modern form of dictatorship.

The cranium stuffing of Obama and the million and the million dollars of the bank are the response to the stuffing of the ballot boxes and fakings of the Bush gang of 2004.

All that to make more than 700 billion dollars gifts to the friends Obama: a capitalist socialism!

All that is a carnival in front of the tanks and the guns of the traders.

OBAMA EAST A PUPPET WITH A PROGRAM OF WALL STREET

TO DRIVE OUT THE CAPITALISTS AND THEIR PUPPETS

IS NEEDED A REVOCABLE GOVERNMENT!

The citizens must meet by 25 to choose a revocable delegate among them.

They can also choose an intermediary which will represent 5 people, 5 délégateurs, then 5 intermediaries will choose a delegate (who will represent the 25 délégateurs)


These delegates are revocable at any moment.


With 5 stages of delegates, a delegate represents 9.76 million délégateurs.

25 delegated 5° stage thus represent more than 240 million délégateurs


These delegates are revocable constantly.

There is no list system. There is no time of mandate.

It is not possible any more to corrupt a delegate: he would be ejected at once.

These delegates are it by all the citizens knowing to read. Youth, as from 7 years will be able to choose its delegates.



JEUDI 30 OCTOBRE 2008


Neither Obama nor Mc Cain! The United States needs a revolutionary government. It is necessary to destroy capitalism like a furious animal and ...


automatic translation with Babelfish Systran Yahooo
(if you find some mistakes, you can give your help ! thanks !)



Neither Obama nor Mc Cain! The United States needs a revolutionary government. It is necessary to destroy capitalism like a furious animal and to found an egalitarian liberal system.

IT IS NECESSARY TO CLOSE THE TRADE MARKETS! IT IS NECESSARY TO CLOSE THE BANKS !


What would make an egalitarian government in the USA?

EMERGENCY

As of the first day, the government will take 5 simple measurements.

1) 1000 DOLLARS for consumption

The urgency is to pour 1000 dollars per month for each citizen of more than 14 years, 500 dollars per young person of less than 14 years.

An egalitarian government will give a Web page to each unemployed, with each person in looking for a job, each person having a project, each student, each person leaving her employment to be made, truly, useful, with each person wanting to leave her employment.


STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS

Each recipient of these 1000 dollars per month will return account to its fellow-citizens of the social activity which it will have decided to implement.

The disappearance of wage-earning, it will be the single wages.

The trade unions formois with their “always more! ” lie you.

A revolutionary government will ensure each citizen a decent life


A dream formois, a middle-class dream: to be owner of a house, to be owner of a ground.

Each house will be rented a moderate price: 5 dollars the square meter.

All houses.

In the event of competition, free biddings between the new citizens (paid 1000 euros) will decide between the concurrents*.


Egalitarianism does not accept the property of the grounds, the property of the buildings.

The 70% of States-Uniens owners are the superones, robbers of the Third world, robbers the Land ones.

The revolution will be done for the benefit those which America crushed, for the benefit of the 30% of poorest of the States-Uniens and those which are crushed by the iron Heel to be precipitated towards poverty.


Perhaps to conclude their projects, their social proposals, the new citizens will need investments.

2) 300 DOLLARS FOR the INVESTMENT

In a world without banks, without capitalists, credit, the construction of the future is not made the democratic investment.

Each manufacturer of project, the new Bill Gates, new Walt Disney, the new pupil of Google will need investments, of buildings to be rented, machines to be bought, working capital.

The world to come will be a true liberal world.

But not a world of asses which advance for carrots!

To work will not bring back anything except the pleasure of being useful: Here is the key of the New World, the New Border!



DEMOCRATIC CONTROL OF THE INVESTMENT

They will be the citizens who will hold the investment: they will pour 300 dollars with their preferred projects.

More taxes to be paid for the new citizens. The reverse. The exact opposite one.

IN FINISHING WITH the POLITICIANS WHO CONTROL the INVESTMENT.

NEITHER CAPITALISM NOR STALINISM!

A company which functions needs investments. They are the citizens, who, by Internet, will pour their investments citizens.

For the car, for space research, the biological research, research in physics, the armed forces, the assistance with the cousins of the colonized countries, for education, health, the construction of shopping malls, of various factories, for the financing of films, video games, of software, for the implementation of ecological projects, of natural parks, it is the citizen who will decide.

A TRUE LIBERALISM

Will each citizen be the Master of his 300 dollars?

The only condition will be its satisfying.

Each financing will be public: each citizen invests his 300 dollars on his site of citizen, each one can consult the financings of each one.

It is out of the question that somebody can fake his investment by transforming it into disguised consumption.

Not question of financing the restaurant of your cousin or a friend in exchange of free meal, not question of financing the recording of the group which sings your own songs, not question of financing a project in exchange of the financing of another project.

THE REPUTATION, THE FUTURE CAPITAL MORE DEVELOPS

In the event of faking, the citizens corrupt officials will quickly be sanctioned: the reputation which is theirs will go down in freefall.

Consequently, their capacity to assemble their own projects will take a severe blow.

As well as the reputation of their accomplices.

The companies will be companies with nonlucrative goal.

Free associations of contractors.

But nobody has anything.

3) A DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT

The current joke is a modern form of dictatorship.

The cranium stuffing of Obama and the million and the million dollars of the bank are the response to the stuffing of the ballot boxes and fakings of the Bush gang of 2004.

All that to make more than 700 billion dollars gifts to the friends Obama: a capitalist socialism!

All that is a carnival in front of the tanks and the guns of the traders.

OBAMA EAST A PUPPET WITH A PROGRAM OF WALL STREET

TO DRIVE OUT THE CAPITALISTS AND THEIR PUPPETS

IS NEEDED A REVOCABLE GOVERNMENT!

The citizens must meet by 25 to choose a revocable delegate among them.

They can also choose an intermediary which will represent 5 people, 5 délégateurs, then 5 intermediaries will choose a delegate (who will represent the 25 délégateurs)


These delegates are revocable at any moment.


With 5 stages of delegates, a delegate represents 9.76 million délégateurs.

25 delegated 5° stage thus represent more than 240 million délégateurs


These delegates are revocable constantly.

There is no list system. There is no time of mandate.

It is not possible any more to corrupt a delegate: he would be ejected at once.

These delegates are it by all the citizens knowing to read. Youth, as from 7 years will be able to choose its delegates.


4) DISSOLUTION OF FORCES IMPÉRIALISTES


The totality of the soldiers imperialists, abroad, will be called, as of the first day to remain in their barracks and to prepare their immediate return in the USA.

The generals and with graded fascistic will be delivered to justices of the occupied countries. Whatever the shapes of governments!

In order to be there judged according to the laws of the countries that the fascistic government of Wall Street will have decided to occupy.



5) AGAINST THE LID CARBON: TAX CARBON and RATION COUPONS



All the taxes and excise duties will be removed and replaced by a single tax.

The tax carbon.

This tax will be based on the purchase of ration coupons carbon bought to the poor Mexicans and in all the South American who emit less than 1,8 kilos of carbon per day.





SUCH ARE THE SPOTS THAT SE WOULD FIX, THE FIRST DAY, A REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT IN THE USA.



These tasks will be, well, obviously, the complement of defensive measurements that such a government would be obliged to take against the plotters and other counter-revolutionaries who put the country at his boot since the time when the writer visionary Jack London denounced the Iron Heel.






*Only the citizens without fortune, having only 1000 dollars per month of incomes, will be able to profit from such biddings.

The owners will pour them-also to them rent of 5 dollars: the revolution does not recognize the real estate.

With wages of 1000 dollars, the biddings will not go up very high.

As for great fortunes, lawsuits in criminal monopolization will reduce the number of gangster in the country.

A Michael Jackson will quickly find in one 2 room appartment and her properties transformed into universities for all the ages.





          Open science: a future shaped by shared experience   
Mapping the human genome showed how the internet can play a vital part in collective scientific research. Now more scientists are collaborating – and inviting amateurs and colleagues from other disciplines to get involved


http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2011/may/22/open-science-shared-research-internet?CMP=twt_gu

S
BioCurious: Joseph Jackson at his community lab in Menlo Park, California. Photograph: Robert Yager for the Observer
On the surface, it looked as if there was nothing in mathematics that Timothy Gowers couldn't achieve. He held a prestigious professorship at Cambridge. He had been a recipient of the Fields Medal, the highest honour in mathematics. He had even acted as a scientific consultant on Hollywood movies. Yet there were a few complex mathematical problems that he had struggled to solve. "In most cases, I just ran out of steam," he explains.

So one day he took one of these – finding a mathematical proof about the properties of multidimensional objects – and put his thoughts on his blog. How would other people go about solving this conundrum? Would somebody else have any useful insights? Would mathematicians, notoriously competitive, be prepared to collaborate? "It was an experiment," he admits. "I thought it would be interesting to try."

He called it the Polymath Project and it rapidly took on a life of its own. Within days, readers, including high-ranking academics, had chipped in vital pieces of information or new ideas. In just a few weeks, the number of contributors had reached more than 40 and a result was on the horizon. Since then, the joint effort has led to several papers published in journals under the collective pseudonym DHJ Polymath. It was an astonishing and unexpected result.

"If you set out to solve a problem, there's no guarantee you will succeed," says Gowers. "But different people have different aptitudes and they know different tricks… it turned out their combined efforts can be much quicker."

This ability to collaborate quickly and transparently online is just one facet of a growing movement in research known as open science.

There are many interpretations of what open science means, with different motivations across different disciplines. Some are driven by the backlash against corporate-funded science, with its profit-driven research agenda. Others are internet radicals who take the "information wants to be free" slogan literally. Others want to make important discoveries more likely to happen. But for all their differences, the ambition remains roughly the same: to try and revolutionise the way research is performed by unlocking it and making it more public.

"What we try to do is get people to organise differently," says Joseph Jackson, the organiser of the Open Science Summit, a meeting of advocates that was held for the first time last summer at the University of California, Berkeley.

Jackson is a young bioscientist who, like many others, has discovered that the technologies used in genetics and molecular biology, once the preserve of only the most well-funded labs, are now cheap enough to allow experimental work to take place in their garages. For many, this means that they can conduct genetic experiments in a new way, adopting the so-called "hacker ethic" – the desire to tinker, deconstruct, rebuild.

The rise of this group is entertainingly documented in a new book by science writer Marcus Wohlsen, Biopunk (Current £18.99), which describes the parallels between today's generation of biological innovators and the rise of computer software pioneers of the 1980s and 1990s. Indeed, Bill Gates has said that if he were a teenager today, he would be working on biotechnology, not computer software.

Spurred on by the new-found ability to work outside the system, these rebel biologists believe that the traditional way of doing science is not the most efficient and could even be holding back important developments.

"Institutions, typically, are the slowest and have the most amount of inertia lagging behind the technology," says Jackson. "We have a lot of things that made sense once, or never made sense, that are clogging up the works."

Those sound like fighting words to a traditional scientist. After all, ask any lab director and they'll tell you the same thing – doing real science is tough. It takes time, energy and money to conduct serious research. Institutes manage vast budgets, operate huge, hi-tech labs and call upon armies of graduate students to sift for evidence in great oceans of data. Real science is a slow, expensive process that has been hewn into shape over centuries of experimentation, false starts and the occasional success.

But open scientists suggest that it doesn't have to be that way. Their arguments are propelled by a number of different factors that are making transparency more viable than ever.

The first and most powerful change has been the use of the web to connect people and collect information. The internet, now an indelible part of our lives, allows like-minded individuals to seek one another out and share vast amounts of raw data. Researchers can lay claim to an idea not by publishing first in a journal (a process that can take many months) but by sharing their work online in an instant.

And while the rapidly decreasing cost of previously expensive technical procedures has opened up new directions for research, there is also increasing pressure for researchers to cut costs and deliver results. The economic crisis left many budgets in tatters and governments around the world are cutting back on investment in science as they try to balance the books. Open science can, sometimes, make the process faster and cheaper, showing what one advocate, Cameron Neylon, calls "an obligation and responsibility to the public purse".

At the same time, moves are afoot to disrupt the closed world of academic journals and make high-level teaching materials available to the public. The Public Library of Science, based in San Francisco, is working to make journals more freely accessible, while the Massachusetts Institute of Technology currently boasts that material for almost 2,000 courses is now available on the web.

"The litmus test of openness is whether you can have access to the data," says Dr Rufus Pollock, a co-founder of the Open Knowledge Foundation, a group that promotes broader access to information and data. "If you have access to the data, then anyone can get it, use it, reuse it and redistribute it… we've always built on the work of others, stood on the shoulders of giants and learned from those who have gone before."

In the seven years since he started the organisation, Pollock, now in his early 30s, has helped build communities and tools around everything from economics data to Shakespeare's sonnets. He says that it is increasingly vital for many scientists to adopt an open approach.

"We have found ourselves in a weird dead end," he says – where publicly funded science does not produce publicly accessible information. That leads to all kinds of problems, not least controversies such as the leaked climate change emails from the University of East Anglia, which led to claims of bias among the research team.

But it's more than just politics at stake – it's also a fundamental right to share knowledge, rather than hide it. The best example of open science in action, he suggests, is the Human Genome Project, which successfully mapped our DNA and then made the data public. In doing so, it outflanked J Craig Venter's proprietary attempt to patent the human genome, opening up the very essence of human life for science, rather than handing our biological information over to corporate interests.

"It was a very large project in one of the most organised and information-rich areas of science, but it faced genuine competition from a closed model," says Dr Pollock. "It is basically an extraordinary example and it could have gone in a very different way."

Unsurprisingly, the rise of open science does not please everyone. Critics have argued that while it benefits those at either end of the scientific chain – the well-established at the top of the academic tree or the outsiders who have nothing to lose – it hurts those in the middle. Most professional scientists rely on the current system for funding and reputation. Others suggest it is throwing out some of the most important elements of science and making deep, long-term research more difficult.

Open science proponents say that they do not want to make the current system a thing of the past, but that it shouldn't be seen as immutable either. In fact, they say, the way most people conceive of science – as a highly specialised academic discipline conducted by white-coated professionals in universities or commercial laboratories – is a very modern construction.

It is only over the last century that scientific disciplines became industrialised and compartmentalised. Some of history's most influential scientists and polymaths – people such as Robert Hooke, Charles Darwin and Benjamin Franklin – started as gentleman scholars and helped pioneer the foundations for modern inquiry at a time when the line between citizen and scientist was blurred.

In attempting to recapture some of this feeling, open scientists say they don't want to throw scientists to the wolves: they just want to help answer questions that, in many cases, are seen as insurmountable. This means breaking down barriers by using the tools at our disposal – whether it's abundant biological data, inexpensive lab equipment or the internet. It might not be the way we think of science, but it is still science.

"Some people are naturally sympathetic to this sort of idea," says Professor Gowers. "Some people, very straightforwardly, said that they didn't like the idea because it undermined the concept of the romantic, lone genius." Even the most dedicated open scientists understand that appeal. "I do plan to keep going at them," he says of collaborative projects. "But I haven't given up on solitary thinking about problems entirely."

In favour of spreading the word

Melanie Swan

"As a society, we don't understand biology yet," says Melanie Swan, a genomics researcher and principle at MS Futures Group in Palo Alto, California. As she sees it, there are all sorts of problems with the way we conduct biological research en masse. Individuals can gain huge amounts of information about their own genetic makeup, yet new drugs and treatments are developed very slowly because, in part, they have to be adapted for general use.

As a non-traditional scientist — she studied French, economics and finance before heading into the world of genes — Swan has decided to take a non-traditional approach. The answer, she suggests, is to push forward with studies where self-elected individuals who have already got their genomic data join in, acting as both subjects and participants. It allows those taking part, including Swan herself, to understand and monitor exactly what is happening, and massively reduces time and cost.

Swan's projects have started small, with a seven-person pilot to explore the effects of vitamin B on the MTHFR gene, which has been linked to cancer and vascular diseases. But she has more than 40 possible studies outlined. "The traditional model is very slow: every different private research organisation builds its own data store of samples and it's painstaking and expensive. It takes years and they don't share it with each other or with the public. How can we move forward in a 2.0 kind of way?"

Joseph Jackson

Describing himself as a "philosopher, entrepreneur and activist", 28-year-old Joseph Jackson is one of the leading figures in a precocious movement of DIY biologists. He's co-founder of BioCurious, a community lab based in the San Francisco Bay area, and organiser of the annual Open Science Summit. But while he envisions a world where amateurs and self-educated scientists co-exist and help one another improve, he understands that there's going to be resistance along the way.

"I think that it's already coming to a head, and that conflict is going to intensify," he explains. "It's going to be a challenge to integrate the effort of amateurs and the professional canon," he explains. "We've seen these conflicts already — whether Wikipedia can be treated as authoritative – but with a carefully chosen set of experiments, we can bridge the gap."

Although there is plenty of pain today, he suggests that in hindsight we may see the breaking down of boundaries between public and academe was inevitable. "It's obvious where the trends are going and I hope we'll look back 20 years from now and say that this was a turning point."

Cameron Neylon

For biophysicist Cameron Neylon, the conversion to open science came when he was working at the University of Southampton. He started publishing his lab notebook online, a radical step, considering most researchers keep their work under lock and key.

"Once you see how the web connects people and makes them more effective, it's a given," he says. "We can make research more efficient by making parts of the process more public."

Neylon recognises this approach isn't for everyone and that it won't have the same sort of impact in every field. But the more pressing issue is trying to work this way in a professional system that is weighted towards secrecy.

"Some people are worried they'll be scooped if they put their research into the open," he points out. "The bottom line is that the reward structures we have don't really reward anything apart from getting a peer-reviewed paper published in a high-ranking journal.

"The sooner we can get to a point where people are rewarded for making more public their ideas, concepts, materials and data, the better off we'll be."
          LSST Receives $30 Million   
Via Interactions.Org

LSST Receives $30 Million from Charles Simonyi and Bill Gates



The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Project is pleased to announce receipt of two major gifts: $20M from the Charles Simonyi Fund for Arts and Sciences and $10M from Microsoft founder Bill Gates.

Under development since 2000, the LSST is a public-private partnership. This gift enables the construction of LSST's three large mirrors; these mirrors take over five years to manufacture. The first stages of production for the two largest mirrors are now beginning at the Mirror Laboratory at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. Other key elements of the LSST system will also be aided by this commitment.

The LSST exemplifies characteristics Simonyi and Gates have exhibited in their successful lives and careers – innovation, excitement of discovery, cutting edge technology, and a creative energy that pushes the possibilities of human achievement. The LSST leverages advances in large telescope design, imaging detectors, and computing to engage everyone in a journey of cosmic discovery.

Proposed for "first light" in 2014, the 8.4-meter LSST will survey the entire visible sky deeply in multiple colors every week with its three-billion pixel digital camera, probing the mysteries of Dark Matter and Dark Energy, and opening a movie-like window on objects that change or
move.

"This support from Charles Simonyi and Bill Gates will lead to a transformation in the way we study the Universe," said University of California, Davis, Professor and LSST Director J. Anthony Tyson. "By mapping the visible sky deeply and rapidly, the LSST will let everyone
experience a novel view of our Universe and permit exciting new questions in a variety of areas of astronomy and fundamental physics."

The LSST will be constructed on Cerro Pachón, a mountain in northern Chile. Its design of three large mirrors and three refractive lenses in a camera leads to a 10 square degree field-of-view with excellent image quality. The telescope's 3200 Megapixel camera will be the largest digital camera ever constructed. Over ten years of operations, about 2000 deep exposures will be acquired for every part of the sky over 20,000 square degrees. This color "movie" of the Universe will open an entirely new window: the time domain. LSST will produce 30 Terabytes of data per night, yielding a total database of 150 Petabytes. Dedicated data facilities will process the data in real time.

"What a shock it was when Galileo saw in his telescope the phases of Venus, or the moons of Jupiter, the first hints of a dynamic universe" Simonyi said. "Today, by building a special telescope-computer complex, we can study this dynamism in unprecedented detail. LSST will produce a database suitable for answering a wide range of pressing questions: What is dark energy? What is dark matter? How did the Milky Way form? What are the properties of small bodies in the solar system? Are there potentially hazardous asteroids that may impact the earth causing significant damage? What sort of new phenomena have yet to be discovered?"

"LSST is just as imaginative in its technology and approach as it is with its science mission. LSST is truly an internet telescope, which will put terabytes of data each night into the hands of anyone that wants to explore it. Astronomical research with LSST becomes a software issue - writing code and database queries to mine the night sky and recover its secrets. The 8.4 meter LSST telescope and the three gigapixel camera are thus a shared resource for all humanity - the ultimate network peripheral device to explore the universe" Gates said. "It is fun for Charles and me to be a team again supporting this work given all we have done together on software projects."

"The LSST will be the world's most powerful survey telescope. This major gift keeps the project on schedule by enabling the early fabrication of LSST’s large optics and other long-lead components of the LSST system," said Donald Sweeney, LSST Project Manager.

LSST is designed to be a public facility - the database and resulting catalogs will be made available to the community at large with no proprietary restrictions. A sophisticated data management system will provide easy access, enabling simple queries from individual users (both professionals and amateurs), as well as computationally intensive scientific investigations that utilize the entire database. The public will actively share the adventure of discovery of our dynamic Universe.

More information about the LSST including current images, graphics, and
animation can be found at http://www.lsst.org

In 2003, the LSST Corporation was formed as a non-profit 501(c)3 Arizona corporation with headquarters in Tucson, AZ. Membership has since expanded to twenty two members including Brookhaven National Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Columbia University, Google Inc., Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology - Stanford University, Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Inc., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Princeton University, Purdue University, Research Corporation, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, The Pennsylvania State University, The University of Arizona, University of California, Davis, University of California at Irvine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Washington.

          Bill Gates: Death Panel Advocate (video)    
This goes in line with his recent comments and contributions regarding depopulation.
          Naveen Jain Profile   
If you want to follow someone who success in online bussiness then Naveen Jain is the right person. He was included on Forbes 400 richest in America 2000 with net worth: $2,200 mil and also on Crunchbase Profile. Naveen Jain was born in India 1959, then immigrated to U.S. 1982. With his experience at Microsoft Corporation from June 1989 to March 1996 as a Program Manager, Naveen Jain then Naveen Jain was also inspired by the self-made success of businesspeople such as Bill Gates and Steve Jobs. Through their example, Naveen Jain understood that success is simply not doled out; it must be earned through hard work, persistence, educational commitment, and even a little good luck and timing. Then Naveen Jain try to make his own business kingdom. After he left Microsoft for about 7 years, he starting with founding InfoSpace in March 1996. Then he was founding Intelius in January 2003.

As founder and CEO at Intelius he have a mission to empowers consumers with online information for personal protection and intelligent decisions. Through Intelius, Naveen Jain has helped to open doors for millions of Americans in background and criminal records search. Their customers use Intelius to make choices about people, businesses and assets. Ranked among the top 100 commerce sites on the Internet, Intelius offers products and services ranging from basic people search and list management to comprehensive HR background checks and one of the best identity theft protection products available. Before Intelius he was launched InfoSpace in March 1996 with the vision of delivering real-world information on the Internet - anytime, anywhere and on any device. InfoSpace is Internet content supplier provides horoscopes, stock quotes to AOL, Lycos, other Web sites. They see that content is important in a website especially when people want to find clear information. Their contents are various from entertainment contents to informational and news contents.
          Designing Antiviral Proteins via Computer Could Help Halt the Next Pandemic    

As Bill Gates sees it, there are three main threats to our species: nuclear war, climate change and the next global pandemic.


          My reflection/learning's on Technopreneurship 1   
Certainly Technopreneurship 1 was one of the most challenging subjects for me for the last semester. Perhaps this subject counts as one of my focused subject. Although it can be considered as one of the most exigent subjects yet it relinquished lessons and knowledge for me to develop myself to be an effective technopreneur and to be a better student. The subject and of course our instructor taught me of observing time management and meeting deadlines. 

Now, let us go to the main point. What have I learned? What are my reflections? Last Semester as what I have mentioned I took up Elective 1 which happened to be Technopreneurship 1. On our first meeting I was very nervous knowing Dr. Gamboa was our instructor because based on what I have heard from our seniors he is really one of the terminators among the teachers in the Institute of Computing. Based on his tradition all the so called “virgins” or the first timers in his class will be performing something that would give entertainment to the class. Unfortunately I was one of the so called “virgins” so I was forced to dance even though I was not at ease that time since I was shy. On our first class we had a quiz in which we were instructed to connect the dots without raising our hands. There were 9 dots and we were instructed to connect in just 4 strokes I suppose. Unluckily I wasn’t able to get the correct way of connecting all of the dots because of the not exploring too much. With the kind of activity we had, we were given the lesson of being able to think beyond the box. In any situation we have to think beyond the box. We should not be limited on things we know instead we have to explore for us to see a better view and a larger opportunity. I also learned something that changed my approach to studies in connection to the future. It was all about our mindset. Typically we envision of landing into the employment world as employees so our parents send us to school to achieve this goal. We also do well on our studies for us to have good jobs after we graduate. In which this kind of mindset was discouraged on the subject Technopreneurship. Instead of holding this way of thinking we have to level up and change our mindset into something better. It should be, my parents work hard for me go to school, i must have a good performance on my studies and lastly for me to achieve my objective of being an employer someday. This is how technopreneurship wants us to be.

The next thing is about knowing what Technopreneurship is. Technopreneurship is the way or essence of making money out of technology. It is a business which is incorporated with technology. Since nowadays our world is getting more high-tech, business in merged with technologies plus the skills would be a great source of power in creating a competent business. Technopreneurship goes with 4 important points. It is called the SEED acronym which stands for Self Mastery, Environment Mastery, Enterprise Mastery and Development of a Business Plan.

For the concept of Self Mastery we took some tests to identify and know more facts about ourselves. These tests include personality test, intelligence quotient, adversity quotient and emotional quotient. With the help of these tests we were able to determine on what fields we excel, what fields we have are needed to improve and on what fields we have to work on. Of course each of us persons possesses different personalities. We have unique way on dealing with the situations around us. We have various ways on treating our comrades and family. We respond distinctively on things we experience and encounter. Some traits can help us to be better and some don’t. Being aware of yourself is very vital for you to become an effective technopreneur. On our journey of being a technopreneur struggles may come our way such as criticisms. Criticisms can sometimes aid us or break us. In my case as of now I am still sensitive to this issues in which I have to work on for the reason that a god technopreneur must possess a strong personality that can handle heavy problems and can easily solve problems. Last semester I also learned and realized that reaching a high IQ test result is not that important in business. Emotional aspects in particular handling risks and being able to handle disapprovals is more important. Skill is also one of the most essential parts that a technopreneur must encompass.

With the test that we had taken, I also realized that to be a good technopreneur you don’t just have to think of your business alone or technical matters. You don’t need to focus on producing money and becoming very rich. You must also consider your own life, think of yourself and not just only on your business. You have to be emotionally strong and have a good relationship towards others. You must also posses these kinds of personalities in order to be effective on your endeavors.

Emotional Stability, it is important that an entrepreneur have the stability because along the way they will meet problems. They must be firm in handling the stress and pressure from business. Not only from business matters also for their personal parts of their lives. Their problems that are unrelated to their business must not affect their performance. They must not be easily worn out and be discouraged but instead see setbacks as challenges and be their motivation to do better. Charismatic this is one of the personalities that an entrepreneur must possess. They must have good communication skills that can convince customers and clients. He or she must possess good interpersonal skills. You must be productive most of the time. “Time is gold as they say”. You should make sure that you will not waste any time. If there’s an opportunity then better grab it immediately. Also, as the saying goes “The early bird gets the early worm”. To be a good entrepreneur you should be productive always and be first in producing good qualities to be able to get the customers or clients first. An entrepreneur also must be passionate. An entrepreneur must have the passion for the business to be effective and successful. It is nice to have a business while enjoying it. Also as what I learned from a prominent technopreneur, he says, “People with passion can change the world for the better. This statement shows that we must have an outlook of considering passion as a big factor to great change and in achieving the triumph we all want.

With the things I stated above, Thus, our personalities contribute a big factor on achieving success. It is an aspect on being a good technopreneur. The daily situations we come across and how we are able to positively respond to those can be a step on molding ourselves to be strong enough in facing greater responsibilities ahead.

We also watched the movie “Pirates of the Silicon Valley” where I learned a lot of things about two of the most successful business man in the world. I was amazed with Steve Jobs’ ability and facilities that made him achieve his greatest objectives but on the other hand he showed some negative sides that brought him some lost. In Steve Jobs’ case I can consider intelligence as one of the dynamics of his success and also his interpersonal skills. I can see how he considers efficient factors. The way he decided to sell his products, his way of reasoning and convincing large companies is amazing. He also has the ability to foresee future demands of technology. He also thinks systematically in which he can incorporate elements and ideas to make a product or project effective. He was able to grasp the essentials in a given situation and can respond appropriately to them. Perhaps these factors should be the aspects that I must possess. By watching the movie I have also reflected that Passion and confidence is truly important in dealing with business matters. We got to find what we love in order to achieve success. In the movie I can observe the love Bill Gates and Steve Jobs have for their job. They get involved with something that coincides with their interests. In the movie I can see how much they exerted efforts to finish the computers they made. Even if it seemed to be tiring and difficult, they never gave up which made me realize that I must not give up easily on things. I must possess confidence and I must believe in myself and in what I can do. It is important to have the trust for yourself in order to pursue and defend your ideas. With the confidence you have you can also deal with other people effectively which may be a big help for your business. You should be the kind of person that would take risk because of you know you can do it. You must trust in your intuition and have to be prepared to lose something to have the possibility of gaining what you want or more. 

One of the most inspiring speeches I have read is of Steve Jobs’. Last semester on Technopreneurship 1, one of the assignments given to us is to read the commencement address of Steve Jobs. Steve Jobs is such an inspiration, indeed! Every word that comes out to his speech imparts bunches of learning and knowledge that marks a scar on whoever reads or hears. A lot of statement struck me. The first and perhaps the most important thing he said is “you’ve got to find what you love”. As I can remember he mentioned three stories that elucidate his hardships and path as he takes on his journey to attain triumph. These stories bring different lessons that made me realize of many things.

In the story, the first part was about connecting the dots. Steve Jobs as I didn’t expect went through different hardship that include family desertion. Steve Jobs had no idea on what he really wanted to do with his life so he decided to drop out on a course that gives him no interest and drop in to something that caught his attention. I learned that I must have the courage and self-confidence in order to reach the peak of success. Right now, I may not know the purpose of enrolling to this course but soon I may be able to connect the dots and know the reason and purpose behind the hardships that I had and will undergo through. I must trust the dots that will somehow connect my future. The next thing was about love and lost. Hardship do really comes our way but like Steve Jobs, even if we will be down we must still know how to stand up again and continue the fight. I have failed two times in this college life. The first time disappoints me a lot. When I reach college I didn’t expect to fail. I wasn’t able to prepare myself on the kind of adversity that I will face. It was awful tasted medicine but I really needed it. I needed to fail to bring out more effort and to let me realize to give my best shot on whatever I am doing. I must not get easily discourage and I should not lose hope easily. I must have the passion because it is one of factors that can make you reach your goals in life. Lastly, it was all about death. Steve Jobs was diagnosed with cancer. It was definitely a very hard situation to accept. Death is something we can’t escape. It is something that enforces him to think of living each day as if it is the last day. In our daily journey, we have to think of giving our best. I was really struck with what he said. I realize that each moment is important. We don’t know maybe tomorrow or the next day we will be facing the destination we all share. I must treat each day as if it is the last day. We have given limited time on this earth so as long as I’m here I must know my purpose, do my best to reach my goals. I should not be afraid to take risks. I am afraid of rejections but I learned that I must face my fears and be ready on everything because the story of my life may end anytime and I may not have much time to do things that I must. Don’t live with results of others. Honestly, I am also conscious on other’s words and sometimes I do get affected easily especially if it hurts. But I learned from Steve Jobs speech, I must let the noise of others’ opinions to drown out my inner capabilities. I must have the courage to speak out and show what I can do. I must follow my heart and be who really I am and I what I truly want to become.

Steve Jobs inspires me in many ways. He let me realize many things. I know time will come I will be able to reach my goals. Also by the help of the people around me I already found what I love and I’m sticking to the anticipation of reaching the peak of success. 

I also realized about the things I love, the things I am best at and the things that irritate me the most. It was one of the activities we did for us to determine things regarding our likes and dislikes for use to lead into a better idea of what business we must propose. This could help us on creating a good idea because as what I have mentioned above being able to seek what you love can help you go on and break through any barrier that would possibly come along the way to your success. Lastly, as an inspiration from what I have learned. I can say that I must stay hungry. I must stay foolish. Do my best and God will do the rest.
          Bill Gates até previu o sucesso do smartphone, mas a Microsoft não se preparou para o iPhone   

  Hoje em dia, smartphones são vistos como algo comum e banal, como se eles sempre existissem. Mas basta voltar um pouco no tempo (não muito, pode ser dez anos) para nos depararmos com uma era praticamente irreconhecível. Um cenário que permitiu que Bill Gates conseguisse prever a extinção daquele que, na época, era considerável […]

O post Bill Gates até previu o sucesso do smartphone, mas a Microsoft não se preparou para o iPhone apareceu primeiro no TargetHD.net.


          5 Ekor Monyet   

monyet di resensi,netDalam suatu penelitian yang dilakukan oleh para profesor di USA, ada 2 ekor monyet yang dimasukkan ke dalam satu ruangan kosong secara bersama-2. Kita sebut saja monyet tersebut Monyet A dan B. Di dalam ruangan tersebut terdapat sebuah tiang, dan diatas tiang tersebut nampak beberapa pisang yang sudah matang. Apa yang akan dilakukan oleh 2 monyet tersebut menurut anda ?

Setelah membiasakan diri dengan keadaan lingkungan di dalam ruangan tersebut, mereka mulai mencoba meraih pisang-2 tersebut. Monyet A yang mula-2 mencoba mendaki tiang. Begitu monyet A berada di tengah tiang, sang profesor menyemprotkan air kepadanya, sehingga terpleset dan jatuh. Monyet A mencoba lagi, dan disemprot, jatuh lagi, demikian berkali-2 sampai akhirnya monyet A menyerah. Giliran berikutnya monyet B yang mencoba, mengalami kejadian serupa, dan akhirnya menyerah pula.

Berikutnya ke dalam ruangan dimasukkan monyet C. Yang menarik adalah, para profesor tidak akan lagi menyemprot para monyet jika mereka naik. Begitu si monyet C mulai menyentuh tiang, dia langsung ditarik oleh monyet A dan B. Mereka berusaha mencegah, agar monyet C tidak mengalami `kesialan’ seperti mereka. Karena dicegah terus dan diberi nasehat tentang bahayanya bila mencoba memanjat keatas, monyet C akhirnya takut juga dan tidak pernah memanjat lagi.

Langkah selanjutnya yang dilakukan oleh para profesor adalah mengeluarkan monyet A dan B, serta memasukkan monyet D dan E. Sama seperti monyet-2 sebelumnya, monyet D dan E juga tertarik dengan pisang diatas tiang dan mencoba memanjatnya. Monyet C secara spontan langsung mencegah keduanya agar tidak naik. “Hai, mengapa kami tidak boleh naik ?” protes keduanya”.

Ada teman-2 yang memberitahu saya, bahwa naik ke atas itu berbahaya. Saya juga tidak tahu, ada apa di atas, tapi lebih baik cari aman saja, jangan keatas deh” jelas monyet C.

Monyet D percaya dan tidak berani naik, tapi tidak demikian dengan monyet E yang memang bandel. “Saya ingin tahu, bahaya seperti apa sih, yang ada di atas … Dan kalau ada bahaya, masak iya saya tidak bisa menghindarinya ?” tegas monyet E. Walaupun sudah dicegah oleh monyet C dan D, monyet E nekad naik …

Dan karena memang sudah tidak disemprot lagi, monyet E bisa meraih pisang yang d iinginkannya…..

Renungan

==================

Manakah diantara karakter diatas yang menggambarkan tingkah laku anda saat ini ?

Karakter A dan B adalah orang yang pernah melakukan sesuatu, dan gagal. Karena itu mereka kapok, tidak akan mengulanginya lagi, dan berusaha mengajarkan ke orang lain tentang kegagalan tersebut. Mereka tidak ingin orang lain juga gagal seperti mereka. Karakter C dan D, adalah orang yang menerima petunjuk dari orang lain, hal-2 apa yang tidak boleh dilakukan, dan mereka mematuhinya tanpa berani mencobanya sendiri. Karakter E adalah type orang yang tidak mudah percaya dengan sesuatu, sebelum mereka mencobanya sendiri. Mereka juga berani menentang arus dan menanggung resiko asalkan bisa mencapai keinginan mereka.

Pisang dalam cerita diatas menggambarkan impian kita. Setiap orang dalam hidup ini mempunyai impian yang tinggi tentang masa depannya. Namun sayangnya, banyak sekali hal-hal yang terjadi di sekitar kita, yang menyebabkan impian kita terkubur. Orang-2 dengan karakter ABCD akan mengatakan kepada kita hal-2 seperti ini”,Sudahlah, jangan melakukan pekerjaan yang sia-2 seperti itu. Percuma. Saya dulu sudah pernah melakukannya berkali-2 dan gagal. Sebagai seorang teman yang baik, saya tidak mau kamu gagal seperti saya” atau mungkin kalimat “Kamu mau gagal kayak si X … lebih baik lakukan sesuatu yang pasti-pasti saja deh”. Bukankah hal-2 seperti itu yang sering kita dengar sehari-2 ?

Orang dengan karakter E akan selalu berpikir optimis dalam menjalankan sesuatu. “Kalaupun orang lain gagal melakukan sesuatu, belum tentu saya juga akan gagal” adalah kekuatan yang selalu memompa motivasinya.

Dan kegagalan orang lain dapat dipelajari dan dijadikan batu loncatan untuk melangkah lebih baik, bukannya dijadikan suatu ketakutan.

Nah, saya akan memberikan satu ilustrasi lagi. Saya akan membawa anda ke tahun 70-an. Apa yang akan anda lakukan, bila suatu hari ada seorang mahasiswa bercelana jeans, kacamata tebal, bertampang culun, bajunya lusuh, datang menemui anda dan berkata “Saya punya suatu produk yang bagus, tapi saya tidak punya modal. Mau gak pinjamin saya modal 100 dollar ? Kalau produk ini sukses, kita berdua bakal jadi orang paling kaya di dunia lho”.

Hampir semua akan menghina dan mentertawakan mahasiswa tsb, bahkan mungkin menganggapnya gila.

Berapa orang yang akan menjawab “Wow, bagus sekali, coba jelaskan apa rencana anda, agar kita bisa sama-2 kaya ?” Mungkin satu orang diantara sejuta, mungkin juga tidak ada.

Bagaimana kalau saya katakan bahwa mahasiswa tersebut adalah Bill Gates, yang kini sudah mencapai impiannya menjadi orang terkaya di dunia ?

Bukankah itu dulu yang dilakukan Bill Gates pada awal karirnya . Dikelilingi orang type ABCD, ditolak, dilecehkan, dan berbagai macam hinaan lainnya. Untungnya, Bill Gates termasuk orang dengan karakter E. Dan dengan pengorbanan dan kerja keras, dia berhasil meraih impiannya.

" Jangan biarkan orang lain membunuh impian anda. Maju terus, hadapi semua rintangan dan raih impian anda. "

Sumber : resensi.net


          I dieci uomini più ricchi del mondo nel 2016 secondo Forbes   

Bill Gates si conferma per il quarto anno consecutivo l'uomo più ricco del mondo, con una fortuna di 86 miliardi di dollari, in aumento rispetto ai 75 miliardi...


          Bill Gates to fight climate change with $1b innovation fund   
Trump has recently made statements and political moves that clearly show where he stands on the climate change debate. As if on cue, some of the financial heavyweights in the tech industry have are also preparing to make a stand opposite the newly-elected US President, and they are going to put their money where their mouths are. Led by Bill … Continue reading
          The World’s 8 Richest Men Are Now as Wealthy as Half the World’s Population   
A combination photo shows (top, L-R) Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Jeff Bezos, Amancio Ortega, (bottom, L-R) Mark Zuckerberg, Larry Ellison, Carlos Slim and Michael Bloomberg. REUTERS/File Photos
Just eight individuals, all men, own as much wealth as the poorest half of the world's population, Oxfam said on Monday in a report calling for action to curtail rewards for those at the top.

As decision makers and many of the super-rich gather for this week's World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meeting in Davos, the charity's report suggests the wealth gap is wider than ever, with new data for China and India indicating that the poorest half of the world owns less than previously estimated.

Oxfam, which described the gap as "obscene", said if the new data had been available before, it would have shown that in 2016 nine people owned the same as the 3.6 billion who make up the poorest half of humanity, rather than 62 estimated at the time.

In 2010, by comparison, it took the combined assets of the 43 richest people to equal the wealth of the poorest 50 percent, according to the latest calculations.

Inequality has moved up the agenda in recent years, with the head of the International Monetary Fund and the Pope among those warning of its corrosive effects, while resentment of elites has helped fuel an upsurge in populist politics.

Concern about the issue was highlighted again in the WEF's own global risks report last week.

"We see a lot of hand-wringing - and clearly Trump's victory and Brexit gives that new impetus this year - but there is a lack of concrete alternatives to business as usual," said Max Lawson, Oxfam's head of policy.

"There are different ways of running capitalism that could be much, much more beneficial to the majority of people."

SUPER-CHARGED CAPITALISM

Oxfam called in its report for a crackdown on tax dodging and a shift away from "super-charged" shareholder capitalism that pays out disproportionately to the rich.

While many workers struggle with stagnating incomes, the wealth of the super-rich has increased by an average of 11 percent a year since 2009.
Bill Gates, the world's richest man who is a regular at Davos, has seen his fortune rise by 50 percent or $25 billion since announcing plans to leave Microsoft in 2006, despite his efforts to give much of it away.

While Gates exemplifies how outsized wealth can be recycled to help the poor, Oxfam believes such "big philanthropy" does not address the fundamental problem.

"If billionaires choose to give their money away then that is a good thing. But inequality matters and you cannot have a system where billionaires are systematically paying lower rates of tax than their secretary or cleaner," Lawson said.

Oxfam bases its calculations on data from Swiss bank Credit Suisse and Forbes. The eight individuals named in the report are Gates, Inditex founder Amancio Ortega, veteran investor Warren Buffett, Mexico's Carlos Slim, Amazon boss Jeff Bezos, Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg, Oracle's Larry Ellison and former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg.
Via: reuters


          These are the world's 10 biggest corporate giants   
Meet globalization's heaviest hitters Image: REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes
We live in an era where fewer than 10% of the world's public companies account for more than 80% of all profits.
These are the world’s largest corporations, compiled by market capitalization (the total market value of a company's outstanding shares).
Image: The Economist
Ten years ago, banks and energy companies dominated the top ten. Today, it’s technology companies, with US computer company Apple in the number one spot.
10. China Mobile

HQ: China
Age of company: 20 years
Employees: 438,645

China Mobile says it has the world's largest mobile network and the biggest mobile customer base. It is the leading telecommunications services provider in mainland China and in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

9. General Electric
HQ: United States

Age of company: 139 years

No of employees: 333,000

GE traces its beginnings to Thomas Edison, who established the Edison Electric Light Company in 1878. GE is the only company listed in the Dow Jones Industrial Index that was also included in the original index in 1896. Showing that diversity is the way to keep a company going, GE is now calls itself the world’s Digital Industrial Company.

8. Johnson and Johnson
HQ: US

Age of company: 131 years

No of employees: 128,000

One of the larger companies on the list, Johnson and Johnson is a multinational manufacturer of pharmaceutical goods.


7. Facebook

HQ: US

Age of company: 13 years

No of employees: 15,724

Facebook was founded in 2004 after a college experiment. In September 2016 it had 1.79 billion daily active users, approximately 85% of whom were outside the US and Canada.

6. Amazon

HQ: US

Age of company: 22 years

No of employees: 222,400

Amazon has enjoyed a meteoric rise since it was founded in, you guessed it, a garage in 1995. It started as an online bookshop, but now delivers everything from tea bags to shoes. Last year, when Amazon's site went down for 49 minutes, the company missed out on estimated sales of $5.7 million.
5. Exxon Mobil

HQ: US

Age of company: 135 years

No of employees: 73,500

The world’s largest oil and gas company has dropped from number one last year to number five. The company was formed in 1999 when two giants, Exxon and Mobil, merged their businesses.

4. Berkshire Hathaway

HQ: US

Age of company: 128 years

No of employees: 360,000.

The largest company on the list not involved in technology has its origins as far back as 1888 as a textile company. It is now a holding company with interests a wide variety of sectors including utilities, railroads and insurance companies. It is part owned by well-known investor Warren Buffet.

3. Microsoft

HQ: US

Age of company: 42 years

No of employees: 114,000

Apple's most famous rival Microsoft also started in a garage, where Bill Gates and Paul Allen put together their first computer. Microsoft was officially founded in 1975, a year earlier than Apple.

2. Alphabet

HQ: US

Age of company: 2 years

No of employees: 69,953

Alphabet has a much more famous subsidiary, Google. Alphabet, founded in 2015 by the same people who started Google, is a collection of companies with interests in many sectors including medical research and wearable technology

1. Apple

HQ: US

Age of company: 41 years

Number of employees: 66,000

The first Apple computer was built in Steve Jobs’ parents’ garage. Apple has an estimated net worth of $605 billion, and is often called the world's most valuable company. In 2016, however, it had to contend with falling sales of the iPhone.

Is bigger better?

Globalization is largely responsible for companies being able to grow to such a size. But does bigger mean better?

On the plus side, companies with this kind of reach can transform our lives. Apple’s iPhone led the word into the era of the smartphone with apps that touch our lives in almost any way you can imagine. Smartphones made by Apple and other tech companies are now central to our lives.

Many of these large companies are investing heavily in research that could help us improve our lives, such as products that keep us healthy. Many of the services they provide (Facebook and the search engine Google, for example) are free to use.

They also invest in solutions to problems all over the world. Facebook's Aquila aims to provide internet access to millions, while Johnson and Johnson poured millions into helping formulate the Ebola vaccine. It also supported health-worker training on infection control and prevention in African countries where Ebola was prevalent.
On the negative side, large multinational corporations have generated negative headlines in relation to their tax-reduction strategies.
Via: weforum


          When it comes to college, why don’t we separate granting credentials from learning?   

Today college serves at least four different purposes:

      Purpose #1) It provides some information to a prospective employer about the minimum IQ of a possible hire (it tells you little about their actual IQ);  
      
      #2) General learning and experience;
   
d    #3) Preparation for the job market; 
      
      #4) Demonstrate credentials to the job market that allows a potential employer to determine if the graduate has learned certain material. 

      



Demonstrating Your Smarts

One does not get accepted into Harvard with an IQ of 90. Therefore if I hire a Harvard grad, I have some information about the IQ of the candidate. But some graduates from Florida State have higher IQs than some Stanford grads. This function (demonstrating smarts) could be met more simply and accurately by allowing and encouraging prospects to include their test scores (SAT, ACT or GMAT) on their resumes and job applications. This is not done today because: 1) it is considered bad form and 2) it might be viewed as discriminatory because the employer cannot demonstrate that this measure is required to meet the minimal requirements of the job (in the crazy world of Equal Opportunity Law).  Seems nuts to me, but if a large corporation started asking for SAT scores they would quickly have the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission breathing down their necks and threatening major fines.

Here is an alternative (although limited) method to demonstrate your smarts. We could allow and encourage job applicants to list the colleges to which they were accepted but chose not to attend. Unfortunately with today’s norms this would be viewed as egotistical as the bumper sticker that brags: “My other car is a Porsche”. There is a time and a method where the student sells herself in a time-honored fashion (trying to get into a college and trying to get a job or into graduate school upon graduation) but this is currently not one of them. One could establish that she was accepted at Harvard but chose San Jose State instead (perhaps with a bumper sticker). The hardest part about graduating from Harvard is getting accepted in the first place. Very few students that start at Harvard (provided they show up, do not drop out like Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg did, and do not get hooked on drugs) end up not graduating. 

Learning and Experience

The learning is what you shouldbe paying for (time, money and effort) - learning how to learn, how to think, how to persuade, how to question, how to analyze as well as mastering a few basics like logic, statistics, writing, and the discipline to meet deadlines and complete projects.  And of course it might also help one determine what the individual might be interested in pursuing as a career starter.
   
But today there are plenty of alternatives to achieve the learning without the traditional college experience. The Khan Academy, free online MBA classes from Wharton, Coursera.org  and TED conferences are just a few of the wonderful free online resources available.  There are also a growing number of for-pay sites that provide education at a reasonable price like Lynda.com ($25/month), Skillshare.com ($9.95/month) and Grovo.com ($15.95/month).  On this dimension, shouldn't we care about the education achieved for the dollar spent? 

Two potential college experiences are living away from home for the first time and sharing a dorm room with someone from a different background. And of course there is the chance to participate in campus clubs, games, debates, and politics. My favorite of course is getting a job or internship while in college.

There is plenty of discussion of life-long friendships that are made and the experience of attending the Saturday morning football games. But much of this is possible without spending an additional $200,000. For example, if one chose not to attend college, you could join a local entrepreneurs group, attend local seminars, watch online pitches, volunteer at a non-profit or an angel investing group, or volunteer to assist a college professor on her research.  Please consider that smart volunteers are almost always in demand.  College is not the only way to gain non-paid experience.

Preparation for the Job Market

If you hope to be accepted to Medical or Veterinarian school you probably have to find a way to get through Organic Chemistry. If you want to work for a consulting engineering company then you better take a broad range of math, science and engineering classes. If you intend to get a finance job then college is the chance to learn the basics of accounting, finance and project finance.

If all your classes in the general curriculum make you a better critical thinker (a stated goal of virtually every university) and more knowledgeable about world history these are interesting but generally do less in increasing your odds of getting several great job offers upon graduation.

Credentials

There are different types of credentials that one can earn via college.  The typical one is a "degree."  But in the IT field, the myriad of certifications (from Microsoft, Oracle and Cisco) frequently count for more than a Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science.

The degree from an Ivy League college frequently just signals that you were smart enough to get accepted in the first place (OK, I have covered this but it is important ). If you get accepted to Harvard and stick it out, you will earn a degree. The hard part is being smart enough to get accepted and sometimes brash enough to borrow boatloads of money to finance the gig.


The second element of the degree that matters is the major in which you graduated. Did you graduate in a discipline that is perceived as difficult and in demand (electrical engineering or chemical engineering) or did you take a course load that is perceived as easier (Gender Studies, Sociology, Physical Education). Many more students can get accepted to San Jose State or Stanford than can complete the Electrical Engineering programs at these schools. Being smart enough and disciplined enough to complete one of these degrees provides more bragging rights (and probably more job offers) than an easier program at the same school. The general media hypes the value of a generic college education far more frequently that the value of a degree in Electrical Engineering compared to Sociology.  

The credential process has some value. Do you want a brain surgeon operating on you for his first ever surgery? When you are on trial for murder do you want an attorney that has not graduated from law school, or never tried a capital case?  Back as to demonstrating your smarts, in these latter two cases wouldn't you want someone you knew is very smart as well? Although a college degree can demonstrate smarts, shouldn't there be a more direct and cheaper vehicle for determining this?  

The Challenge

Here is my thesis: when we combine these four distinct functions, we muddle the objectives of each of them and waste a lot of time and money trying to achieve some nebulous combination. When a college is failing in one dimension they say: “but we are doing so well on this other one.”  On the learning element, shouldn't we track the amount of learning achieved in some quantifiable way? For example, a simple measure would be to require GMAT scores for every college graduate. Then compare the SAT scores of the entering classes with the ranking of the graduating classes (on a percentile basis).  My guess is that we might not see much difference. 

When we combine the credential process with the learning process, there is a clear conflict of interest.  Should it matter which professor is the most demanding and generates the most learning or one that is the kindest, gentlest and easiest grader?  Professors and colleges frequently get evaluated based on how many pass the class or graduate from the college – a sure conflict of interest. Rarely does the instructor or college get greater kudos for being extremely demanding. If one institution delivers the education and another does the testing and grading, the conflict of interest is removed. The current system has resulted in such grade inflation that today about 42% of all college grades are A’s. 

I doubt if many colleges will be inclined to set goals and measure results based on my four purposes – this might actually force them to reevaluate how they are organized and how they compete. I also doubt that they will remove themselves from the credentialing process (Purpose #4). Once these institutions lose their ability to grade themselves (by grading and graduating their own students), we might see radical change (and improvement).



Find Lucky and Good: Risks, Decisions and Bets for Investors, Traders and Entrepreneurs at Amazon.



















          Microsoft y Facebook quieren que aprendas a programar   
(CNN) — ¡Oigan, niños! Olvídense de querer ser médicos, raperos o estrellas del futbol. Las computadoras son lo de hoy. Ese es el mensajes de un nuevo video en el que presidente de Microsoft, Bill Gates; uno de los fundadores de Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg; el cofundador de Twitter, Jack Dorsey, y otros ejecutivos de empresas de tecnología exhortan a los jóvenes
          The Richest Man in the World – 2016 Edition   
As like past years, the riches main in the world is BIll Gates. Owner and the main person of Microsoft. We have a singlepost about it here. But we need provide more information about this great person. http://heightweighnetworth.com/bill-gates/ *Approximately Bill Gates’ Net worth is  about $86 billion.     Source Original: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates Official site: https://www.gatesnotes.com/
          EX-LIDER FEMINISTA KUBY: "DETRÁS DE LA OFENSIVA CONTRA LA FAMILIA ESTÁN ROCKEFELLER Y BILL GATES"   




Conversar con Gabriele Kuby, reconocida socióloga alemana, autora y conferenciante, es percibir enseguida por qué conforma todo un referente internacional en la defensa de la familia y la libertad.

En su último libro, "La revolución sexual Global. La destrucción de la libertad en nombre de la libertad", Kuby profundiza en su denuncia de la ideología de género. La obra, traducida ya a siete idiomas, se ha convertido en todo un instrumento de resistencia cívica en esta crucial batalla que se libra en Occidente entre el nuevo totalitarismo y la familia.

No es extraño que la autora haya sido atacada y perseguida de forma furibunda por el lobby gay. Nada menos que una obra de teatro le han dedicado. Se trata de El miedo, del dramaturgo homosexual Falk Richter, estrenada hace unos meses en Berlín. La obra comienza presentando a Kuby y a otras cuatro activistas profamilia como “zombies” nazis revividos de sus tumbas de 1945, merecedoras de mofas y, finalmente, de “un tiro en el cerebro”, como acababa señalando un actor al público, tachándolas de “amenazas contra la humanidad”. Pocas horas después de este estreno, el vehículo de una de las vilipendiadas apareció calcinado; una semana después, otra denunciaba un atentado similar.

De todos estos temas tratamos abiertamente con Gabriele Kuby.

“El relativismo y la anulación de la concepción cristiana del hombre son bases de esta revolución sexual con graves consecuencias: destrucción de la familia y crisis demográfica”

En “La Revolución Sexual Global” trata de alertar de las graves consecuencias de esta ideología. ¿Por qué es importante concienciarnos de ello?

Según se entienda la sexualidad, así irá la familia. Según sea la situación de la familia, así será la de la sociedad. Las normas sexuales tienen una influencia decisiva en la construcción de todo el edificio que conforma la cultura. El antropólogo Joseph Daniel Unwin, profesor de Oxford en la década de 1930, mostró en su libro Sexo y Cultura [J. D. Unwin, Sex and Culture, Oxford University Press 1934] que la Cultura con mayúsculas sólo puede existir con unas claras normas sexuales.

La cultura cristiana europea se basa en el ideal de la monogamia. Ahora asistimos a una revolución cultural que derroca la moral sexual. Las graves consecuencias que se derivan de ello son obvias: la destrucción de la familia y la crisis demográfica. Pero los poderes mundiales siguen obligando a todas las naciones a emprender esta revolución sexual.

¿Realmente la desregulación moral supone una mayor libertad?

Para deshacerse de cualquier restricción moral sobre la actividad sexual se envuelven en la tentación de la “liberación sexual”. Todo el mundo sabe por experiencia que es necesario establecer un control sobre los impulsos y deseos del cuerpo, ya sea el sexo, la comida, la bebida… De lo contrario, serán esos impulsos los que nos controlen. Por ello, la templanza es una de las virtudes cardinales.


La explosión de la pornografía a través de Internet crea millones de personas adictas al sexo, trágicamente cada vez más jóvenes se encuentran entre ellos. Hasta el matrimonio y las familias se contemplan como un freno si el marido y la mujer optan por la infidelidad para responder a sus deseos sexuales, porque no han aprendido a ponerlos al servicio de la expresión del amor.

¿Cómo nace esta revolución sexual?

Rastreando las ideas que han impulsado la revolución sexual, cabe recodar al filósofo griego Protágoras, quien proclamó que “el hombre es la medida de todas las cosas”. Esta creencia es la base del relativismo, que afirma que no hay valores morales absolutos. Luego, la Revolución Francesa anuló la concepción cristiana del hombre, creado por Dios y en última instancia, responsable ante Dios.

Desde entonces, muchas veneradas mentes han aportado ideas filosóficas y psicológicas y la experiencia revolucionaria cultural. Todos ellos simpatizantes de los movimientos políticos comunistas o liberales. Por citar algunos: Karl Marx y Friedrich Engels; Sigmund Freud, Simone de Beauvoir, Alfred Kinsey, el revolucionario sexual puro y simple Wilhelm Reich, y los filósofos Adorno, Horkheimer o Marcuse, de la llamada Frankfurter Schule (Escuela de Franckfurt).

“El marxismo, el feminismo radical y la “liberación sexual” se unen para exterminar de raíz los valores cristianos, rebelándose contra cualquier autoridad”

¿Qué suponen en concreto el movimiento de mayo de 1968, el feminismo radical y el marxismo para esta ideología?

Lo que cambió a la sociedad en su conjunto fue la rebelión estudiantil de 1968, impulsada por las ideas de la Escuela de Franckfurt, y la puesta en práctica de las ideas de Wilhelm Reich. El marxismo, el feminismo radical y la “liberación sexual” se unieron para atacar el sistema de los valores cristianos y exterminarlos de raíz, rebelándose contra cualquier autoridad.

De manera especial, los niños eran el objetivo inmediato de los revolucionarios: crearon las denominadas antiautoritarias “tiendas de niños” (Kinderladen), para que los menores hicieran lo que quisieran, alentándoles a los juegos sexuales.

¿Cómo se reflejan esas premisas del 68 en la actualidad?

Los fines del movimiento del 68 se han convertido en el actual programa de Naciones Unidas y de la Unión Europea, incluyendo además la aplicación mundial de los llamados “derechos” LGBT y la deconstrucción de la identidad masculina y femenina.

¿Como se deconstruye la identidad masculina y femenina?

Mediante la desregulación de las normas sexuales y la promoción de los privilegios LGTB, sumando el reconocimiento como “matrimonio” de las uniones entre personas del mismo sexo y los “derechos” transgénero; con la neutralización de la familia por medios ideológicos y económicos (impuestos y sistemas de la Seguridad Social que penalizan a las madres y a las familias); la colectivización de los niños menores de tres años en guarderías estatales; la sexualización de los niños a través de la educación sexual obligatoria en las escuelas; y la eliminación de los “estereotipos de género”, mediante métodos pedagógicos en los colegios y en los jardines de infancia.

“Se trata de una estrategia de naciones unidas, unicef, planned parenthood o corporaciones como apple o microsoft”

Y, ¿quiénes están detrás de todo esto?

Estos ataques contra las bases de una sociedad sana y viable crean masas de desarraigados que son fácilmente manipulables. No sólo es la estrategia de la Naciones Unidas y de la UE, sino de una red de agencias de la ONU, como la OMS y el UNICEF; ONG globales, como Planned Parenthood y la Asociación Internacional de Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales, Trans e Intersex (ILGA); corporaciones multinacionales como Apple, Microsoft, Google, Facebook…; así como de fundaciones multimillonarias, como Rockefeller y Gates, con el apoyo de los medios de comunicación.

¿Cuáles son las consecuencias del concepto “género”, que tratan de imponer los grupos de presión LGBT a la sociedad?

El objetivo de implementar la ideología de género en la sociedad con sofisticados métodos de ingeniería social es la deconstrucción de la identidad del hombre y de la mujer, lo que hay de familia y de moralidad en su nivel más profundo.

Tras el fallo de la Corte Suprema de EEUU dictada en junio de 2015, asistimos a una nueva ola de activismo ‘trans’ procedente de este país. Barack Obama, presidente de esta nación que lidera el mundo, se encuentra ahora mismo liderando la llamada “batalla del baño”, que trata de imponer por ley que una persona transexual pueda usar el baño y el vestuario del sexo que elija.

Que el 99% de la población de los Estados Unidos tenga un problema cuando miembros del sexo opuesto entren en un cuarto de baño o aseo, especialmente cuando los utilizan niños, no parece preocupar en absoluto a los gobernantes políticos…

Asistimos a la promoción del aborto o la anticoncepción, a menudo mediante catastrofistas teorías sobre la superpoblación mundial con las que tratan de justificar un control de la natalidad. ¿Lo considera realista?

Un motivo obvio para estas políticas destructivas es reducir la población de la tierra. Esta es la política exterior que siguen los EEUU desde la década de 1970. Pero el verdadero problema es el declive demográfico, al que se enfrentan casi todas las naciones industrializadas, y que ahora está empezando incluso en los países en desarrollo.

Es una consecuencia de separar el sexo de su significado y función existencial, la procreación, a través de la anticoncepción y el aborto. De ahí la fuerte batalla que libran en la ONU y en la UE para definir el aborto como un “derecho humano”. ¿Hasta dónde ha llegado la humanidad, desde la proclamación de la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos de 1948?

“La ideología de género además de cambiar el sistema legal y sexualizar a los niños por la fuerza que ostenta el Estado, esta ideología trabaja en el cerebro y la psique de las personas”

¿De qué otros instrumentos se sirven para cambiar la sociedad?

Aparte de cambiar el sistema legal y sexualizar a los niños por la fuerza que ostenta el Estado, esta ideología trabaja en el cerebro y la psique de las personas, a través de los medios de comunicación, la industria del entretenimiento (el cine y la música, principalmente) y la pornografía.

La pornografía es un negocio de miles de millones de dólares. Ver pornografía es adictivo, como lo es una droga física: destruye matrimonios y familias y conforma una pendiente resbaladiza hacia la delincuencia sexual.

¿Por qué no existe ninguna campaña de la UE contra la pornografía, como por ejemplo la hay contra el tabaco? La diferencia es que el tabaquismo no destruye la familia, la pornografía sí lo hace.

Usted ha vivido un profundo cambio: del movimiento revolucionario de 1968 a valiente activista contra los estragos de la revolución sexual global; un “despertar” que atribuye a su conversión al catolicismo. ¿Qué aporta el humanismo cristiano, y en concreto la Iglesia Católica, a esta batalla cultural?

Me convertí al catolicismo hace veinte años. Descubrí una gran cantidad de enseñanzas sobre los problemas del hombre y de la mujer, sobre la familia y la sexualidad. (…)

Pero también hay un lado espiritual: la conversión conduce a un cambio de vida. Jesús dice: “Quién me ama, guardará mis mandamientos (Juan 14,15)”. Guardar los mandamientos permite que el Espíritu Santo ilumine nuestro entendimiento y cambie nuestra vida.

¿Qué nos cabe hacer como ciudadanos, cuando incluso no percibimos los riesgos que entraña esta revolución sexual sobre nuestro mismo futuro como sociedad?

No guardar los mandamientos, separarse de Dios por el pecado, crea ceguera. Los medios de comunicación hacen lo posible para que cualquier tipo de pecado parezca aceptable, para que las personas perdamos el espíritu de discernimiento entre el bien y el mal.

En la Biblia leemos: “He puesto delante la vida y la muerte, la bendición y la maldición. Escoge pues la vida, para que vivas tú y tu descendencia (Dt. 30,19)”. Las estadísticas sobre la desintegración familiar, el alto porcentaje de trastornos psicológicos en los niños o el grito de la crisis demográfica retumban sobre nosotros, pero nuestros oídos están entumecidos.

No sabemos en qué fase de la historia de la humanidad estamos. Pero como creyentes sabemos que la historia humana tiene un buen final. Cada uno de nosotros puede elegir la vida y utilizar su talento para trabajar por la vida.

Hay innumerables iniciativas cristianas que hacen precisamente eso. HatzeOir.org es una de ellas. Saber estar del lado de la vida, y por lo tanto en el “lado correcto de la historia”, te permite vivir feliz y en paz.

Otra cuestión es la intimidación. Usted sabe bien qué es sufrir los ataques de los ideolólogos de género: fue tachada de “homófoba” e inclusa amenazada en una obra de teatro.

Fobia, derivado del griego Phobos, significa odio o miedo. No soy “homofóbica”, porque no tengo miedo de los homosexuales ni les odio. Tampoco tengo nada que ver con la “derecha radical”. Soy una defensora de los derechos democráticos frente al totalitarismo que va surgiendo.

Estamos tomando medidas ante los tribunales para proteger nuestro derecho democrático a la libertad de expresión. Los ataques no me desaniman. Hago lo que siento que estoy llamada a hacer.

¿Es optimista? haciendo lo que estamos llamados a hacer, ¿podemos ganar esta batalla?


Permítame responder con un salmo bíblico del primer libro de Samuel: “La batalla es del Señor (1 Sam 17,47)”.


          Pin to taskbar pentru aplicatii din retea   

Asa cum ne-a obisnuit nenea Bill Gates, din cand in cand inlocuieste lucrurile care sunt simple si usor de utilizat  cu unele complicate si limitate in utilizare. O data cu [...]

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If you want to freely download the stereo audio file of this song, please write click THIS LINK and select SAVE TARGET AS. File type WMA,file size=1.63MB
Poove Sempoove
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About Mohan:

Mohan was called in the industry as a 'silver jubilee hero' in the 1980s for almost all movies featuring the actor witnessed a fantastic run His nick name in popular circles is 'Mic' Mohan owing to the fact that he performed a stage musician and all of his movies had a scene in which he performed with a hand-held a microphone. However, Mohan virtually disappeared from the filmdom by the late 1980s following a series of flops. (courtesy:wikipedia)

Poove Poochodava - Very Rare in Tamil Cinema

About Nadhiya

Nadhiya or Nadiya Moidu is a Malayalam and Tamil film actress who made her debut in a Malayalam movie named Nokketha Doorathu Kannum Nattu, alongside Mohanlal and Padmini. This move was re-made in Tamil as Poove Poochudava during the 1980s with Padmini and marked her debut in Tamil. She currently acts in supporting roles. She acted with most of the leading artist in Tamil and Malayalam industry. In 1980's, there was a huge audience for her costumes, hair styles and ornaments. After marriage she settled abroad with her husband and two kids, and made a comeback with blockbuster hit 'M.Kumaran s/o Mahalakshmi' This film was acclaimed by the critics for her wonderful performance as Jeyam Ravi's mother. In 2008, she signed as the brand ambassador for Arokya Milk. She recently signed for a Tamil movie named Pattalam which released on March 27 2009.

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Keladi kanmani - Mannil intha kaathal - Ilaiyaraaja

About this Film:

Keladi Kanmani (Listen to me, my dear) is a (1990) Tamil film directed by Vasanth, starring noted playback singer SP Balasubrahmanyam and Radhika. It is noted for its dramatic performances and for SP Balasubrahmanyam's rendition of a famous song Mannil Indha Kaadhal: the singer/actor sang this song (over three minutes long) without pausing for breath, and was considered for the Guinness Record.

Story of this film:

The film opens with a bus carrying a group of college students for a trip. Among the students are Anu (Anju) and her girlfriends. The bus is stopped by some masked bandits. They forcibly enter the bus and demand that Anu should kiss their leader Sashi (Ramesh Arvind); otherwise, they will kill everyone on board. This is subsequently revealed to be a ruse: Sashi is in fact a fellow college student trying to win Anju's affection.

For a few days after, Sashi and Anju play various pranks on each other. Anju eventually admits her affection for Sashi and they begin a courtship. All seems to proceed well, except that Anju is strangely melancholic from time to time; she repeats to Sashi that she senses an imminent danger to their relationship, although she is unable to pinpoint what the threat or describe why it may materialize so soon.

Some things are revealed when Anju begins to get sharp headaches from time to time. Her father, A. R. Rangaraj (SP Balasubrahmanyam), a quiet widower, tries to help her, but is not able to get to the bottom of the matter. A. R. Rangaraj (known to his friends as ARR) is a gentle old man who has devoted the greater part of his life to his daughter. Things come to a head when, on her 18th birthday, Anu visits her doctor who confirms she has bilateral renal artery stenosis and is almost certain to succumb within a year. She may require an operation within that time, but the likelihood of her coming through it alive is minimal. Anu requests the doctor to keep it between them (and, in particular, not inform her father to avoid deeply saddening him). However, unbeknownst to Anu, her father discovers it by accident when the local pharmacist sends some prescription drugs through him.

When Anu discusses the matter with Sashi, he expresses his support inspite of his grave sadness (in proportion to his love for her). Anu reveals a thread from her past that may explain her melancholic mood.

The film flashes back to several years before, when ARR had a happy family. Anu, then five or six, attended school; ARR handled his job and his loving wife managed the home. Tragedy struck when they lost his wife to an illness. Anu took this particularly hard. Yet, ARR tried to help cope with it somehow and move on. Some time thereafter, ARR met Sharada (Radhika) at a wedding. Sometime thereafter, ARR sought a tutor for young Anu, and Sharada happened to take the position. The friendship evolved into a courtship, to the point where ARR was about to propose marriage. (During the courtship, ARR sang the song Mannil indha kaadhal to Sharada. He cheekily prefaced the song with the admission that while he may not be a talented singer, he can certainly hold a tune; and to verify his claim, he proposed to sing the entire song in one breath. Sharada was truly impressed.) As time went on, Sharada realized her own bindings. Both her parents were deaf-mute, and she was the only way they could communicate with the rest of the world, this left her torn between her filial duty and her personal aspirations. Things were worsened when Anu experienced feelings of motherly yearning and was simply unable to accept Sharada (or anyone else for that matter) in the role of a mother. Sharada is bewildered and ultimately frustrated by all this. And inspite of ARR's assurances that they can work it out, she refused his proposal and moved to Bangalore to take a position as a schoolteacher. Since that time, Anu has been plagued by guilt for her part in the break up.

The doctors pronounce a date and time for the unavoidable operation. Anu takes this with stoic grief, and asks Sashi for one last thing: to find Sharada and attempt to reunite her with ARR. They find an old picture of Sharada, and Sashi recognizes her as the woman he had met in Bangalore a few weeks ago. He sets off on a frantic hunt for Sharada. On the day of the operation, Sharada happens to be in Chennai en route to a training event in the USA. After a tricky set of near-misses, Sashi is able to locate her in the nick of time, and bring her to Anu and ARR moments before Anu gets anaesthetized.

The film ends with Anu going for one last ride with Sashi on his motorbike.

Mudhal mariyaathai - Poongaaththu thirumbumaa - Ilaiyaraaja

About This Film:

Muthal Mariyathai (1985) is a Tamil feature film directed by Bharathiraja. The film's score and soundtrack are composed by Ilaiyaraaja. The film was critically received upon release.

Story of this Film:

The film commences with friends and family of an ailing village head, Malaichami thevar (Sivaji Ganesan), gathered around him on his death bed. The plot then moves along in a series of flashbacks, featuring significant episodes of the dying man's life. These include the presence of a boatman's young daughter Kuyil (Radha) in his village. The protagonist is unhappily married to a shrewish wife by the name of Ponnatha (Vadivukkarasi), and seeks comfort and solace in a friendship with Kuyil. The friendship raises eyebrows, and is socially awkward and complicated for both Malaichami and Kuyil.

kathalin deepam rajini 's super hit melody song

About This Film:

Thambikku Entha Ooru is a 1984 Indian Tamil language film starring Rajinikanth, Madhavi, Sulakshana, Sathyaraj and Senthamarai.[1] This is Super Star's 89th Film.

Story of this Film:

The film begins by showing Rajni as a lavish spendthrift, with a cavalier attitude towards life. He is born to a very rich father. His father worried about Rajni's behaviour decides to send him to his friend's [Sendhamarai] village to work for him.

Engeyum Eppodhum

About this Film: Ninaithale Inikkum is a 1979 Indian Tamil language Drama film directed by K. Balachander starring Kamal Hassan, Jaya Pradha, Rajnikanth, Geetha and Nakul. The film was also released in Telugu as Andamaina Anubhavam (1979). Story of this Film: Taking a step aside from the usual serious dramas that Balachander is known to direct, this film was an attempt at a light comedy with its music serving as the main attraction. The film follows lead actor Kamal Hassan who plays a singer and his band on a tour to Singapore. Over there Kamal meets his love interest (played by Jaya Pradha), only to find that she is terminally ill. The film ends on a tragic note with the lady's demise. (courtesy:wikipedia)
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          Lap top murah mulai diproduksi   
Jonathan Fildes
Wartawan Ilmu dan Teknologi BBC


Lima tahun setelah gagasannya diperkenalkan, kini komputer jinjing murah yang disebut 'Laptop $ 100' --yang berarti laptop seratus dollar-- diproduki secara massal.


Afrika
Diharapkan akan membantu anak-anak di negara miskin

Para pemasok perangkat keras komputer sudah memberi lampu hijau untuk menyediakan komponen yang dibutuhkan guna memproduksi jutaan komputer jinjing murah tersebut.

Walau harga resminya belum diumumkan, jelas bahwa laptop murah ini --yang secara teknis disebut komputer XO-- akan terjangkau dibanding dengan harga lap top yang beredar di pasar saat ini.

Organisasi yang berada di belakang proyek ini mengatakan mereka membutuhkan pesanan 3 juta laptop untuk mulai proses produksi.

Diperkirakan komputer jinjing murah pertama akan tersedia di negara-negara berkembang pada Bulan Oktober 2007.

"Masih ada piranti lunak yang perlu disiapkan, namun jelas ini merupakan langkah besar bagi kami," kata Walter Bender, Ketua pengembangan perangkat lunak dari lembaga One Laptop per Child, OLPC, atau Satu Komputer Satu Anak kepada BBC.

Bagaimanapun Walter tidak menyebutkan negara mana yang kelak akan mendapat laptop pertama.

Menuju kenyataan

Prof. Nicholas Negroponte
Negroponte selalu menegaskan proyeknya adalah pendidikan

Mewujudkan laptop murah jelas merupakan perjalanan yang tidak mudah bagi One Laptop per Child dan pendirinya, Nicholas Negroponte.

Sejak gagasannya diperkenalkan kepada umum tahun 2002, banyak yang pesimis atas komputer jinjing murah tersebut.

Boss Intel, Craig Barret, menyebutnya sebagai mainan US$ 100 sementara pendiri Microsoft, Bill Gates, mempertanyakan disainnya karena hard disk yang dianggap kurang dan layarnya yang kecil.

Yang lain mempertanyakan apakah memang ada kebutuhan akan komputer jinjing di negara-negara miskin, yang lebih membutuhkan sanitasi dan air bersih.

Namun Professor Nicholas Negroponte selalu membalas dengan jawaban yang sama; "Ini adalah proyek pendidikan dan bukan proyek komputer."

Dan pandangannya itu didukung oleh Kofi Annan, ketika masih menjabat Sekretaris Jenderal PBB.

"Itu merupakan ekspresi dari solidaritas global yang akan membuka lapangan baru dalam pendidikan anak," kata Kofi Annan pada tahun 2005.

Sejalan dengan bergulirnya waktu, para pengkritik kemudian juga berubah pendapatnya.

Bulan Juli ini, Intel sudah mengatakan siap bergabung dengan proyek OLPC.

Rancangan fungsional

Laptop
Banyak kalangan yang awalnya pesimis atas gagasan ini

Rancangan laptop murah OLPC ini mendapat pujian dari para perancang teknologi.

Dengan menggunakan piranti lunak 'open software,' OLPC mengembangkan sistem operasi yang cocok untuk komputer XO dengan memori 1GB.

"Kami melakukan perubahan. Yang tidak dibutuhkan oleh para pekerja kantor mungkin cukup untuk kebutuhan anak-anak dalam belajar sambil bermain," tambah Negroponte.

Komputer XO dirancang untuk berfungsi di daerah yang keras dan dan terpencil seperti gurun pasir di Libya maupun di kawasan pegunungan Peru.

Salah satu kelengkapan untuk bisa digunakan di kawasan yang keras adalah bahannya yang kasar dan tahan air, sekaligus pula hemat energi.

Laptop itu dirancang untuk digerakkan dengan energi yang jauh lebih sedikit dibanding dengan laptop pada umumnya.

"Jadi bisa dioperasikan dengan menggunakan tenaga matahari maupun tenaga manusia," kata Profesor Bender.

Komputer itu memang dilengkapi dengan sistem engkol sehingga bisa menyimpan energi dari tenaga manusia.

Dan karena dirancang untuk kawasan-kawasan yang tidak selalu mempunyai sekolah, maka Komputer XO bisa digunakan di tempat terbuka.

"Bagi banyak anak sekolah, itulah satu-satunya buku yang mereka punya dan kami ingin mereka akan segera mempunyai ketrampilan membaca yang pertama" tambah Prof. Bender.
          The Search for the Cure Heats Up! Part Two   

There are a number of reasons the search for a cure for HIV has been not only reawakened, but also reinvigorated. These include:

1. There is now very sound and growing evidence that we cannot "treat our way out of this epidemic," as philanthropist Bill Gates stated at last summer's International AIDS Conference in Vienna. Even with improved access to testing and treatment, for every individual who starts antiretroviral therapy (ART), two additional people become newly infected with the virus, according to the UNAIDS report.

Read more ...


          Sept 27, 2005: Headline News from India   

Canada will resume its nuclear exports to India

Centurion and Bank of Punjab merger approved

India tops the global outsourcing market

Satyam bags an outourcing deal from WHO

Bill Gates donates $40 million to his old school in Seattle

Cricket committee to review the rift between the captain and the coach of the Indian cricket team

Paheli is India's Oscar entry for 2006




          Bill Gates - 非洲未來的銀行將會是手機跟數位貨幣。   
Bill Gates just said on Jimmy Fallon the future in Africa is about access to banking with cell phones and digital currency.

http://youtu.be/v2A69Io1VD0?t=3m14s




          Bill Gates: 比特幣跟恐怖主義或洗錢毫無關係   
主持人在問到Bitcoin是否是轉移金錢的解決方案時. Bill Gates回答道:比特幣展現出來的低廉費用讓人感到興奮. 並且在最後強調比特幣跟恐怖主義或洗錢毫無關係.







          Buku Baru: Rahasia 5 Elemen untuk Cerdas & Sukses   
Rahasia 5 Elemen untuk Cerdas dan Sukses seperti Sri Mulyani, Bill Gates, dan Steve Jobs Oleh: Aleysius H. Gondosari Buku ini merupakan buku 5 Elemen yang ketiga, dan merupakan kelanjutan dari buku pertama “The Secret of 5 Elements Energy: Terapi Sehat Bahagia yang Murah dan Praktis“. Pada buku pertama telah dibahas aplikasi 5 Elemen untuk […]
          Why Bill Gates Wants You to Read Trevor Noah’s Memoir   

The Microsoft co-founder, who reads hundreds of books a year and recommends five on his ‘Gates Notes,’ thinks that the world would benefit from Noah’s perspective.

The post Why Bill Gates Wants You to Read Trevor Noah’s Memoir appeared first on Study Breaks.


          Matty Moroun climbs Forbes richest list   

Ambassador Bridge owner Matty Moroun climbs Forbes richest list

Moroun 556th richest, magazine says

In this 2006 file photo, Matty Moroun, owner of the Ambassador Bridge between Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan  is all smiles as he donates $2 million to help the University of Windsor pay for its athletic stadium complex.

In this 2006 file photo, Matty Moroun, owner of the Ambassador Bridge between Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan is all smiles as he donates $2 million to help the University of Windsor pay for its athletic stadium complex.

Photograph by: Jason Kryk/File Photo, The Windsor Star

WINDSOR, Ont. — With a net worth of $1.8 billion, Ambassador Bridge owner Matty Moroun is tied at 556th among the richest people in the world, according to the annual list released Thursday by Forbes magazine.

The 82-year-old transportation mogul, who resides in Grosse Pointe Shores, Mich., saw his net worth increase substantially from a year ago when hit by the economic downturn reduced his wealth to $1 billion -- tied at 701. In 2008, Moroun's net worth was listed by Forbes at $1.5 billion.

Moroun this year is tied at $1.8 billion with such notables as Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones, 67, CNN founder Ted Turner, 71, Subway founders Peter Buck, 79, and Fred DeLuca, 62, FedEx founder Frederick Smith, 65, and William Randolph Hearst III, 60, the grandchild of newspaper baron William Randolph Hearst.

Officials at Moroun's company head office in Warren, Mich., declined comment on the Forbes rankings.

The business magazine, in a brief profile of Moroun, said the trucking tycoon is "battling Canadian government to maintain his priceless monopoly over the Detroit River border crossing. Owns Ambassador Bridge, conduit for 25 per cent of commerce between U.S. and Canada; bridge handles 8,000 trucks a day, $100 billion worth of goods each year."

It said Moroun is "scrambling to build second bridge before Canada builds its own. Filed lawsuit to block construction, claiming Canuck plan will displace minority residents in U.S. Ottawa reportedly considering a bid for Ambassador Bridge."

The secretive Moroun for decades has guarded his financial holdings behind an array of private companies, so his true wealth has always been difficult for Forbes and others to determine. A 2006 Windsor Star investigation revealed he owns a wide variety of businesses: insurance companies, logistics firms, railways, air cargo companies, constructions firms, about 25 real estate companies and dozens of trucking companies on both sides of the border.

His empire stretches to nearly every corner of the world with shipping connections in Australia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, China and Japan. His trucking interests include companies and affiliates across the U.S., Canada and Mexico.

Americans Bill Gates and Warren Buffett have most often held the top two spots on the Forbes list, but this year Mexican tycoon Carlos Slim Helu, who amassed his fortune through telecom holdings, including America Movil, was named the wealthiest person with an estimated $53.5 billion -- up $18.5 billion since last year. Shares of America Movil are up 35 per cent in a year.

Microsoft owner Gates, who has held the title of world's richest 14 of the past 15 years, is now worth $53 billion at second -- up $13 billion from a year ago after shares of Microsoft rose 50 per cent in 12 months.

Buffett, in third this year, saw his net worth jump $10 billion to $47 billion on rising shares of his company Berkshire Hathaway.

David Thomson -- a major player in the world media market through Thomson Reuters -- is the top Canadian on the list at 20th with a net worth of $19 billion -- up considerably from $13 billion last year. Among the Thomson family's holdings are CTVglobemedia, The Globe and Mail and dozens of TV channels and radio stations.

Other noteworthy Michigan billionaires include Mike Ilitch, 80, and his family with a net worth of $1.5 billion with holdings that include Little Caesars pizza, MotorCity Casino, the Detroit Red Wings and Detroit Tigers. Also on the list are mall developer Alfred Taubman, 86, at $1.5 billion and auto tycoon Roger Penske, 73, at $1.3 billion.

This year's Forbes billionaires list includes 1,011 members, short of the record 1,125 in 2008.

Click here for the Digital Edition of The Windsor Star


          Folge 26: Persönlichkeiten der 80er (Teil 2)   
Zum zweiten Mal klettern Christian und Peter auf den Olymp der zeitgeschichtlichen Superstars und knöpfen sich sechs markante Persönlichkeiten vor, die unser aller Lieblingsjahrzehnt (Tipp: die 80er) auf sehr unterschiedliche Art und Weise bereichert und geprägt haben. In dieser Folge von Young in the 80s werden behandelt: Reinhold Messner, Helmut Kohl, Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Madonna, Thomas Gottschalk.
             
Bill Gates helps the NY Times turn the clock back.
             
Jeff Jarvis asks why. Board room comfort. There was a time when Bill Gates had it all sewn up, and a time when the Sulzbergers did too. If you were them, you'd want to turn the clock back. But as some wise person once said "Time waits for no one."
          ¿Quién está detrás?   

La campaña de la Tasa Robin Hood comenzó como una idea. A la gente le encantó, así que nos convertimos en un movimiento. Y hoy en día seguimos creciendo.

¿Qué es la Tasa Robin Hood?

Resumiendo, la gran idea tras la Tasa Robin Hood, tambien conocida como la TTF (Tasa sobre las Transacciones Financieras), es generar miles de millones - con suerte incluso cientos de miles de millones de dólares. Este dinero, recaudado de una imposición más equitativa a las transacciones financieras, será destinado a luchar contra la pobreza en todo el mundo y a abordar los problemas ocasionados por el cambio climático.

La crisis económica de 2008 dejó un agujero de 65.000 millones de dólares en los presupuestos de los 56 países más pobres de todo el mundo. Estos países ahora no tienen dinero suficiente, tienen que recortar gastos y se ven obligados a retirar subsidios de cosas tan esenciales como comida, gas y electricidad.

Según las estimaciones, un impuesto de alrededor del 0,05% solo en las transacciones financieras podría generar entre 150.000 y 520.000 millones de euros en todo el mundo. Esto sería suficiente para preservar colegios y hospitales, para mejorar las vidas de personas en todo el mundo, y para hacer frente a los nuevos desafíos climáticos a los que nos enfrentamos.

¿Quién reclama este pequeño impuesto?

La crisis económica ha empobrecido a muchas personas, que están hartas de la actitud despilfarradora de los banqueros. Personas en todo el mundo están sufriendo los efectos de una crisis que no han provocado. Las figuras políticas y personas influyentes ya han salido en apoyo de un impuesto sobre los millones de transacciones que tienen lugar cada día entre las instituciones financieras.

  • Organizaciones de la sociedad civil, movimientos ecologistas, sindicatos, líderes religiosos, líderes políticos, celebridades.
  • Líderes mundiales como el presidente francés Holland y la canciller alemana Angela Merkel, entre otros y otras.
  • Hombres y mujeres del mundo empresarial: el presidente del FSA Lord Turner, el financiero George Soros, el contratista Warren Buffet, el famoso Bill Gates.
  • Economistas: los premios Nobel Joseph Stiglitz y Paul Krugman, el director del Earth Institute, Jeffrey Sachs, y más de 1.000 economistas de todo el mundo.

Somos un movimiento mundial que organiza campañas de mobilización en más de 25 países de todo el mundo, que representan más de 220 millones de personas.

¿Qué puedes hacer tú?

Desde que en 2009 se lanzó la campaña a favor de la Tasa Robin Hood, se han recogido más de un millón de firmas. Miembros de la campaña de toda Europa  han presentado el millón de firmas recogidas a los líderes y ministros de Economía que actualmente negocian la introducción de esta nueva Tasa Robin Hood. Descubre más sobre cómo puedes participar y ayudarnos a hacer de esta gran idea una realidad.

Spanish
Main Article Picture: 
Summary picture: 
Parent page: 
La Tasa Robin Hood
Promote to take action: 

          "Los piratas de Silicon Valley"   
Me parece interesante destacar la película “Los piratas de Silicon Valley”, vista en clase hace unos días. A través de ella podemos darnos cuenta de que el mundo de las nuevas tecnologías no es tan maravilloso como parece. Me resulta muy impactante que muy poca gente sepa que Bill Gates robó Windows a la empresa Apple y que, a costa de ello, sea uno de los hombres más ricos del mundo.
A continuación dejo el enlace donde se puede ver la película online, con el fin de que todo el mundo pueda “abrir los ojos”:



          What I love about Google DevRel   

That tweet resonated strongly with me. I feel very fortunate to be able fight for developer success at a great company that is fortunate enough to have large platforms that both rely on developers and can also reward them. I am bloody lucky. You can say that in your head with an Aussie accent as I am flying back from a fantastic experience with great friends that I have on the DevRel team, including the local Sydney DevRellers.

DevRel as a discipline is still pretty new, and it is something that I am constantly thinking about. Different situations require very different DevRel strategies, but there are many core values that we have across all of our DevRel teams.

Engineering

Developer Relations at some companies is marketing-driven. Some cynical companies consider this akin to developer marketing, but they use DevRel as a way to stay away from the marketing label, worrying about negative connotations from developers. Google DevRel is engineering driven. This isn’t surprising, coming from such an engineering driven company as a whole, and it is very akin to the way that we have applied DevOps. You could argue that we pioneered the DevOps discipline through our SRE teams. If you read the book you see how we have strong opinions on how to run and implement SRE in a way that massively scales. SRE teams are interesting in many ways, but one of which is that they have ties to both the product teams (e.g. Gmail SRE wants Gmail to be successful) and also users and production (Gmail has to be reliable, and user privacy is key).

Our SRE teams are the result of attacking ops issues from an engineering mindset. It is important to note that this is holistic engineering, and not the same thing as “so you just write code all the time”. Solving the problem from an engineering perspective allows you to scale non-linearly.

With DevRel we look to scale this way too. Rather than having to rely on scaling armies of evangelists, we have smaller teams that do high leverage work for developers, the community, and their areas of focus. If you work on the Android DevRel team, for example, you are looking for any areas to help developers in that ecosystem. A fantastic example of success here is Chris Banes looking at fragmentation and building support libraries. You wouldn’t write an app without them.

Another good example is the Lighthouse project that stemmed from Paul Lewis and has spread throughout the team. What if developers could run a tool on their codebase that proactively tells them what they should be doing for users? The initial focus was on performance (still a major issue on the Web), but it has grown skills across the PWA spectrum and beyond. Guidance through docs, samples, and talks are vital, but they are amplified by tools like these.

I could go through every DevRel team and share stories like these where DevRel was able to improve the lives of developers at scale. One area that you may not know about is how we have shared services folk who help domain knowledge experts focus. For example, when I was doing videos back in the day they were very low-fi and simple. Over time the team built up a competence and we have a Google Developer Studio that isn’t just able to have top quality production values, but understands how to work with the developer audience. These central teams enable scaling whilst also pushing on universally high quality outputs. Another one of these teams is partner engineering, a group that works across the areas that Google has to offer. The team of world class engineers, being separate from one area, is able to focus on the success of partners.

Advocates

Long, long, ago, I wrote about the name advocates instead of evangelists and I still agree with myself (although there are many things that I would disagree with Young Dion on). It is really important that DevRel is a two way street. We do what we can to help developers through outreach for sure, but we also do so by bringing in their feedback to product teams. We are the bridge between the teams. When done incorrectly this can have some bad side effects. A product team can think “ok, my devrel is on that so I don’t have to think about it at all!” but that is not going to lead to the best success, just as if a development team ignored their architecture wrt ops. If a product team disconnects you run into situations where they begin to wonder “do developers really think this or is this just what devrel thinks?” To make sure this doesn’t happen we make sure to bring product teams and developers together. We bring them to events, run internal programs, etc…. but then know that while we are living in the community, the product teams have to spend more time making and improving on the product.

Ecosystems

We naturally think about long term ecosystems. Product teams are working on the next version, whereas we are much more naturally tied more to the now of developer pain. Our best work is done when we have strong metrics on the ecosystem at large and the problems that we are looking to solve in there. We try to understand the ecosystem deeply, to be able to fight for developers needs.

Healthy ecosystems are sustainable and allow for success much beyond a platform. Microsoft may have had a ruthless streak back in the day, but I always appreciated Bill Gates’ thinking about the platforms. He talked about how he didn’t want to be taking too much of the profit else the other players wouldn’t be able to benefit and it wouldn’t grow. The best long term platforms have enough for everyone to thrive (including users) and the ones we worry about at the moment at those where business models aren’t fully working. DevRel fights for developers getting what they need from a platform, and making sure their model is sustainable.

Walk then talk; Develop then Relate; Repeat

It is easy to get soft and lose your way. In SRE they protect their teams from getting stuck on manual admin tasks by watching to make sure that they are engineering at least 50% of the time. In DevRel it is important for everyone to be engineering on their platform. This is how you keep your empathy with the developers that we are trying to help. It is how you find the rough edges. It is how to deeply understand issues well enough to be able to work with your product teams. Always Be Coding. The flip side to this though is that there is a “relations” aspect to DevRel. It isn’t enough to be coding in the corner, we need to get out there participating with the community and sharing our information.

We are definitely a new discipline with much to learn. I love looking around the various devrel teams who are all different, but who share the same passion for developer success. We love working on an area that we deeply understand as we are developers ourselves. It is very humbling to see the people on the team who are world experts in their fields, but they decide that DevRel is their path to help developers, a path that has huge leverage.

In a world that is being eaten by software, we want to help fuel the developers to improve that world using all that Google has to offer.

p.s. I should also note that the term “Developer” has broadened over the years. It doesn’t just mean “Coder”. For example, we have a Design Relations team :)


What I love about Google DevRel was originally published in Ben and Dion on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.


          Saying yes to another world   

Activist and educator Brian Jones reviews the New York Times bestseller from Shock Doctrine author Naomi Klein with an eye to what it says about building resistance.

Donald Trump riles up his supporters during a campaign stop in Arizona (Gage Skidmore | flickr)

ABOUT 20 pages into No Is Not Enough: Resisting Trump's Shock Politics and Winning the World We Need, I found myself making mental lists of people for whom I would purchase extra copies. The list got too long so I decided it would be better (and more economical) to recommend it to everyone by writing this review.

No Is Not Enough is an essential and highly readable guide to the crisis we're in and the opportunities it presents for profound, positive social change. Klein has a real gift for summing up economic and political trends. As she did in her previous books, Klein presents--in compelling, accessible, page-turning prose--useful ways to step back and recognize the broader patterns at work in the world.

The need for greater perspective couldn't be more urgent. While mainstream media outlets breathlessly stoked hopes in a series of investigations into Trump's countless misdeeds--Russia! Twitter! Obstruction! Russia!--Klein's book probes deeper, warning that merely deposing the Orange One and leaving in place the conditions that produced him would be a disaster.

"This book's argument, in a nutshell," she writes, "is that Trump, extreme as he is, is less an aberration than a logical conclusion--a pastiche of pretty much all the worst trends of the past half century."

Klein draws on the research she has done on those "worst trends" to explain this new manifestation. Her writing on advertising and branding (in her book No Logo), on the ways that governments use crisis to push through rapid pro-business policies (The Shock Doctrine), and on the climate emergency facing human life on planet earth (This Changes Everything) are all brought to bear on the situation we find ourselves in.

Review: Books

Naomi Klein, No Is Not Enough: Resisting Trump's Shock Politics and Winning the World We Need. Haymarket Books, 2017, 240 pages, $16.95.

Klein describes how Trump followed cutting-edge trends in advertising, turning his fairly traditional real estate business into a "mega-brand," then using a "reality" TV show The Apprentice to promote across the globe the idea that Trump was wealthy not because of his inheritance, but because he was such a savvy, brilliant "boss."

Deciding to run for office, Trump brought the melodrama and trash-talk methods he learned in the world of professional wrestling and modeled his presidential campaign as the ultimate reality TV show. "What's extraordinary about Trump's presidency," Klein writes, "is that now we are all inside the Trump branded world, whether we want to be or not."

Underlying all sections of the book is the overriding concern that time is literally running out for human life on planet earth--a problem that Trump threatens to accelerate.

Klein is not hopeful that any political or economic elites will reach for genuine solutions to the climate crisis. Essentially, she argues that the rush to drill or not drill is dependent on the price of oil. When it's low, drilling into deep and difficult-to-reach reserves stops being worth the cost, but when it's high, oil giants like ExxonMobil allow nothing to stand in their way.

The great danger, she writes, "is that Trump and Co. may well have more tricks up their sleeves to try to push up oil prices and realize their goal of setting off a fossil fuel frenzy."

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

IT'S A bleak picture, and in the interest of "shock preparedness" Klein pulls no punches painting it.

But she also observes rays of hope: including a new global hunger for forthright left-wing electoral challenges to mainstream politicians and parties. "What for decades was unsayable," she writes, "is now being said out loud by candidates who win millions of votes."

The popularity of left candidates she argues, shows that voters who are angry with the status quo can be won away from the racist right. "The crucial lesson of Brexit and Trump's victory," Klein argues, "is that leaders who are seen as representing the failed neoliberal status quo are no match for the demagogues and neo-fascists."

But there are examples of a left alternative doing well, ranging from the Bernie Sanders within the Democratic Party to the radical left alternative offered by European parties and formations such as SYRIZA and Podemos Rather than middle-of-the-roadism, we need to dream big, Klein writes:

Only a bold and genuinely redistributive progressive agenda can offer real answers to inequality and the crises of democracy, while directing popular rage where it belongs: at those who have benefited so extravagantly from the auctioning off of public wealth; the polluting of land, air, and water; and the deregulation of the financial sphere.

Klein makes a number of useful points in this section of the book, including the fact that Trump's victory isn't just a product of Hillary Clinton's shortcomings--Klein calls Clinton's philosophy "trickle-down identity politics"--nor purely the success of ignorant, racist ideas from the right-wing fringe.

Rather, Klein writes, Trump is particularly odious product of narratives that have been popular in the mainstream--including among liberals:

For two decades now, elite liberals have been looking to the billionaire class to solve the problems we used to address with collective action and a strong public sector...Billionaire CEOs and celebrities--Bill Gates, Richard Branson, Michael Bloomberg, Mark Zuckerberg, Oprah, and always, for some reason, Bono--are treated less like normal people who are gifted in their fields and happen to be good at making a great deal of money, and more like demigods.

The precedent of "mountaintop do-gooderism" is, Klein argues, "part of the reason it became fathomable for Trump to run in the first place."

Klein is attentive to the deep connections between racism and capitalism in American history--adopting the phrase "racial capitalism"--while at the same time challenging readers to dispense with acrimonious debates about race, class and gender.

She argues against viewing Trump's rise as the product of just one or two "factors," and instead encourages us all to "become just a little bit curious about how all of these elements--race, gender, class, economics, history, culture--have intersected with one another to produce the current crisis."

Instead of trying to "rank" our oppressions or "vanquish all the others in some sort of oppression cage match," Klein argues for striving to understand "in our bones" how different forms of oppression "intersect and prop each other up, creating the complex scaffolding that allowed a kleptocratic thug to grab the world's most powerful job as if it were a hostess at a strip club."

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

AS THE title suggests, Klein argues that merely saying "no" to the president and his policies is insufficient. Ultimately, the left has to have a positive vision.

She calls for a return to the kind of utopian political imagination that inspired so many large and successful social movements from Radical Reconstruction to the explosive movements of the 1960s and '70s.

While she has no problem dropping the term "capitalism" throughout, here, Klein generally avoids the "s-word." She nods to the Paris Commune, Karl Marx, W.E.B. DuBois, Upton Sinclair and Bernie Sanders--and I suppose the reader can imagine what those figures have in common.

While Klein supported Sanders in the Democratic primary, she acknowledges critiques of him from the left by Ta-Nehisi Coates and Michelle Alexander--and from the right by neoliberal Democratic Party leaders and liberal figures whose contempt for Sanders is, she writes, "revealing."

Klein does not, however, offer an opinion on the strategic question looming over the left in this country: Whether or not the Democratic Party--controlled from the top by the very neoliberal actors she opposes--can be "captured" for our side.

Ultimately, she emphasizes new rays of left-wing dreaming coming from the grassroots: From social movements that have captured popular imagination and put forward new ideals for reorganizing society, such as what she witnessed in the resistance camp of the Standing Rock Sioux fighting the construction of an oil pipeline across their lands, and in the Vision for Black Lives document, produced by a collaboration of over 50 Black-led organizations, calling for fundamental economic restructuring and redistribution.

This focus on bottom-up change is not only convincing, but refreshing at a time when so much about "politics," even on the left, is viewed through the lens of electoral strategy in one form or another. But the question still remains of these new formations' relationship to the Democrats. It shouldn't be left unanswered.

In the final section of the book, Klein presents the "Leap Manifesto" ("A Call for a Canada Based on Caring for the Earth and One Another"), which she helped to write through a collaborative process with a diverse group of Canadian activists, unionists, indigenous people, faith leaders and more. Klein hopes both the process and its product can be a model for people striving to build popular unity around left-wing politics.

Importantly, she notes that through some challenging discussions, the "Leap" assembly learned not to fear words like "redistribution" and "reparations," but to embrace them.

In a moment when "America's first nuclear-armed reality TV president" has empowered millionaires and billionaires to escalate their war on working people and the poor, on immigrants, on women and people of color, and on the planet, and when police and white supremacists feel emboldened to kill, more and more people are realizing the need to mobilize a broad coalition to defeat the right.

With one voice, we must say "No" to the politics of racist scapegoating, privatization and endless war. Klein's book is a helpful way to start the conversation about the kind of vision to which we, together in equally huge numbers, can collectively say: YES.


          10 Pulau Privasi Sesuai Kebutuhan Wisatawan   
SETIAP pulau memanjakan wisatawan dengan caranya sehingga beberapa difavoritkan oleh tipe orang tertentu. Bagaimana memilih pulau yang cocok dengan wisata pilihan Anda?
Simak ulasan pulau yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan keinginan masing-masing wisatawan :

1. Milyuner: Musha Cay, Bahama


Musha Cay merupakan taman bermain bagi para milyuner dunia. Salah satunya adalah pesulap kelas dunia, David Copperfield yang membeli pulau ini pada 2006 dengan harga USD56 juta. Selain Copperfield, milyuner lain yang kerap berlibur disini adalah Oprah Winfrey dan Bill Gates. Pada 2007, penemu Google, Sergey Brin mengadakan pernikahannya di pulau ini.
Musha Cay memiliki luas 60 hektar, namun hanya ada lima villa di pulau ini yang bisa mengakomodasi maksimum 25 tamu. Setiap villa memiliki pantai pribadi masing-masing.berlibur di Musha Cay,.

2. Nudist: Rab, Kroasia


Kepulauan Rab di Kroasia dipercaya sebagai tempat dimulainya tradisi modern berenang tanpa busana. Pada 1936, Raja Edward VIII dan Wallis Simpson memulai tradisi ini, dan sejak saat itu hal ini menjadi kebiasaan di pantai ini.
Bagi yang masih malu berenang tanpa busana, Anda dapat pergi ke Semenanjung Lopar. Pantai lainnya yang mewajibkan pengunjung untuk tidak berbusana di kepulauan ini adalah Pantai Stolag, Ciganka, dan Sahara.

3. Pasangan: Pulau Lizard, Australia


Pulau ini cocok untuk wisatawan yang berlibur hanya berdua bersama pasangan. Pulau ini memiliki 40 villa dengan 24 pantai pribadi yang memastikan setiap tamunya mendapatkan privasi penuh. Pulau Lizard terletak di ujung paling utara Great Barrier Reef, cocok bagi pasangan yang ingin diving atau snorkeling tanpa keramaian. Pulau Lizard sudah sangat terkenal sebagai pulau khusus pasangan, bahkan pulau ini memiliki perencana pernikahan sendiri.

4. Pencinta lingkungan: Sark


Sark dalah sebuah pulau yang merupakan bagian dari Bailiwick Guernsey, Kepulauan Channel, yang merupakan dependensi (hak milik) Takhta Britania (tapi bukan bagian dari Inggris). Di pulau ini, Anda bisa menyaksikan jutaan bintang pada malam hari dengan mata telanjang. Hal ini mungkin ada karena di pulau ini, lampu jalanan dan kendaraan bermotor dilarang dan sebagai gantinya, penduduk menggunakan sepeda dan obor sebagai penerangan. Pada malam hari, berbagai gugus bintang terlihat jelas di langit, lebih dari 100 hujan meteor dalam satu jam akan terlihat pada November.

5. Penyendiri: Kepulauan Ogasawara, Jepang


Apabila Anda ingin berwisata sambil menyendiri, Kepulauan Ogasawara di Jepang adalah tempat yang tepat. Kepulauan di sebelah selatan Tokyo ini terdiri dari tiga pulau yang dihuni 2.300 penduduk.
Satu-satunya penghubung antara kepulauan ini dengan keramaian Tokyo adalah layanan kapal ferry yang hanya ada lima kali dalam sebulan, dari Tokyo menuju pulau utama Ogasawara, Pulau Chichijima. Di pulau ini Anda bisa melihat paus dan lumba-lumba setiap waktunya.

6. Pesta semalam suntuk: Pulau Ibiza, Spanyol


Sejak 1950an dan 1960an, musisi legendaris seperti The Beatles dan The Rolling Stones mengunjungi Ibiza untuk berpesta semalam suntuk. Pulau ini memiliki Privilege, sebuah klub yang diklaim terbesar di dunia. Pesta di Ibiza tidak hanya berlangsung di dalam klub-klubnya, namun juga di tepi pantai berpasir putihnya yang indah.

7. Keluarga: Oahu, Hawaii


Pulau ini memang diciptakan untuk keluarga yang membawa anak-anak karena tersedianya banyak fasilitas bagi sang buah hati. Salah satunya adalah wisata bawah laut menggunakan kapal selam untuk melihat replika Atlantis, yang pasti akan disukai anak-anak. Kembali ke pulau, manjakan anak Anda dengan bermain bersama kuda di Peternakan Kualoa, lalu memberi makan lumba-lumba di Sea Life Park.

8. Penggemar belanja: Hong Kong


Setiap tahun, jutaan wisatawan dari penjuru dunia datang ke pulau utama dataran China ini untuk berbelanja. Hong Kong memang dianggap sebagai kiblat pencinta belanja karena didominasi merek-merek terkenal dan mewah namun dengan harga yang jauh lebih murah.

9. Melihat selebriti: St. Barts, Karibia


Banyak selebriti dunia kerap terlihat di pulau ini, seperti pasangan Beyonce dan Jay-Z juga mantan anggota The Beatles, Paul McCartney dan Usher. Pada 2010, Lindsay Lohan mem-post fotonya ketika berada di pulau ini di Twitter.
Dan di tahun yang sama, Orlando Bloom, Gwen Stefani serta suaminya, Gavin Rossdale juga terlihat di pulau ini. Pulau ini terutama 'ramai' oleh kalangan selebriti pada saat Tahun Baru. Milyuner Rusia Roman Abramovich dikenal setiap tahun selalu menggelar pesta Tahun Baru besar-besaran di pulau ini.

10. Kuliner: Sicily, Italia


Masakan dari Pulau Siciy, Italia, memiliki kelasnya tersendiri. Masakan Italia di sini memiliki pengaruh dari Arab, Yunani, Roma, Spanyol, Prancis, Jerman, dan Norwegia. Karena itulah, Sicily dikenal sebagai 'Dapur Dewa'. Palermo, kota paling besar di pulau ini dipenuhi restoran-restoran yang menyanjikan beragam masakan.
Bagi penggemar seafood, wajib datang ke pasar ikan antik di Catania, dan para penggemar makanan manis harus mengunjungi Gereja Santo Spirito di Agrigento, yang menjual permen-permen khas Sicily. 


             
Jim Allchin to Microsoft: I Would Buy a Mac Today: The top Operating Systems exec at Microsoft retired a week ago, the day after Windows Vista was officially launched. Presumably now he can buy a Mac. An email Allchin addressed to his bosses Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer nearly three years ago suggests Windows users have a better option in Apple Macintosh computers, because "in my view we lost our way." Read the whole email (PDF) for insight into a very troubled Microsoft. [MyAppleMenu]
          UPDATE: When Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg sound the same dire warning about jobs, it's time to listen   
UPDATE: When Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg sound the same dire warning about jobs, it's time to listen
          Could Scoble's ego stand any more inflation?    

We'll find out, now that Bill Gates Himself wants to be interviewed on his Channel 9 video feed.

Steve Dahl, above, posits that video blogging may displace podcasting in about (big radio pause) 5 seconds. I always dismiss that when asked, saying that podcasting is great because you can listen on a subway, while you're driving, or walking. But maybe he has a point.

Video is big with today's kids. I have gotten a whole new appreciation for it, carrying around the Archos. It's a kid magnet. They want to know what it is. I say it plays videos and music, and can run my own software. They think that part is really interesting. How do you get stuff on it, a seven year old asks. I connect it to my laptop. He nods knowingly. What interface? USB 2.0. Uh huh.

This is a new world ladies and gentlemen.


          Why It’s Still a Big Deal If Your Teen Smokes Pot   
With each passing day, it seems, smoking pot becomes less and less stigmatized in our society. In a much-buzzed-about piece in The New Yorker this week, President Obama suggested making pot legal in large part to correct the vast inequities that minorities face in terms of cannabis-related arrests and imprisonment. Besides, said the president, who was known to smoke his fair share of weed back in the day, “I don’t think it is more dangerous than alcohol” for the individual user. Even the straight-laced Bill Gates recently announced his support of legalization. And this year’s Super Bowl has been dubbed the “Super Doobie Bowl,” a reference to the fact that the teams vying for the NFL championship, the Denver Broncos and Seattle Seahawks, hail from the two states that have legalized marijuana for recreational use. Mainstream websites are circulating marijuana-laced game-day snack recipes. It won’t be long before Martha Stewart comes up with her own pot-brownie concoction. With all of this hanging in the air, it’s obvious we parents should be talking to our kids about smoking dope. But what are we supposed to tell them when it’s clear that “just say no,” isn’t going to cut it? After consulting with two researchers from Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, I now know what I’m going to tell my own 16-year-old: Not so fast, buddy. Your brain simply isn’t ready for you to start using pot. “Adolescence is a sensitive time for brain development,” says Matthew J. Smith, a research assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. “If a teen introduces the abuse of marijuana at that point in their life, it could have consequences for their ability to problem solve, for their memory and for critical thinking in general.” Unfortunately, this crucial message is getting lost in the pro-legalization fervor. Use of pot among adolescents, which had declined from the late 1990s through the mid-to-late 2000s, is again on the rise, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. One likely reason: “The percentage of high-schoolers who see great risk
          Marketing multilevel il ratto delle coscienze   
Si sa che nel triste mercato del lavoro odierno esistono trappole, sfruttamenti e inique artefazioni, ma una su tutte fonda le sue basi sull'inconscio e la psicologia interpersonale, il marketing multilevel. Nato negli Stati Uniti all'incirca 50 anni fa, si è diffuso anche nella nostra cultura e sistema di lavoro, come innovativo metodo di guadagno, dagli orizzonti immensamente proficui. Non sto a spiegare i vari metodi di applicazione del sistema multilevel o piramidale che dir si voglia, quello che mi interessa far notare è l'incredibile stato di narcosi emotiva in cui cadono gli adepti attratti nella rete di questo sistema. Ho visto amici cambiare completamente personalità e carattere, annullare ogni residuo di vita sociale, sacrificandolo (loro non lo capiscono però) alla causa del successo e inseguendo il sogno di diventare un futuro Donald Trump o Bill Gates. I loro discorsi trascendono il comune senso della realtà identificando la massa che non li segue come semplici falliti che non hanno il coraggio di avere successo. Se critichi la loro, io la chiamo "setta", ti tacciano di mancare di umiltà e di non voler aprire la mente a un futuro di gioia e chissà che altro di meraviglioso. Ho notato che questo sistema direi liberamente e apertamente di "plagio" abbraccia molti settori al di fuori del semplice commercio di prodotti, specialmente religioni, sette e senza fare riferimenti il metodo si applica bene anche a certa politica "emozional-marketing-targeting". Ritornando a parlare degli adepti, il loro stato è penoso, partecipano di continuo a riunioni, in cui musiche stordenti, immagini di isole tropicali meravigliose, di macchine extra lusso la fanno da padrone. Si susseguono nella sala mano a mano che si vanno presentando i vari manager che espongono i grafici dei loro mega guadagni, grida di commozione, applausi scroscianti fino all'esaltazione e allo stordimento. La cosa che mi lascia alquanto perplesso è che in realtà loro cercano non tanto di vendere dei prodotti, ma mirano ad ingrandire la rete di vendita, trascinando principalmente amici, parenti e conoscenti, nel gorgo, il guadagno nella pratica si fonda sulle quote associative o fee d'ingresso dei nuovi soci. Altro aspetto del fenomeno è la natura ingannevole ed ermetica dell'esposizione del business, nessuno ti spiega di che cosa si tratta, sei solitamente invitato a una qualche riunione, da individui che ostentano macchine e vestiti di pregio, in modo da farti credere inconsciamente che loro c'è l'hanno fatta, ma la realtà è che gli serve altra legna da far ardere nel calderone di un meccanismo "diabolico", si questa è proprio la parola giusta. L'arma per difenderci e difendere quelli a cui teniamo è di imparare realmente a pensare con la nostra mente e ad osservare e valutare le cose più profondamente, eviteremo cosi di infangarci in melmosi trabocchetti. Qualcuno disse "Dai frutti si conoscono gli alberi" aggiungerei che oggi anche un frutto può essere sofisticato ed apparire per quello che non è, potrebbe avere un'ottimo aspetto e un buon sapore ma potrebbe risultare impossibile digerirlo.

          Microsoft investe pesado em comerciais de TV do Kinect   
A nova aposta de Bill Gates para aloprar o mercado de games no mundo tá investindo pesado na telinha. Os comerciais são legais mas o foco tá errado. A maioria das pessoas que assiste TV vai ter uma preguiça violenta de jogar isso. 😛 E olha essa: a apresentadora Oprah Winfrey deu de presente a […]
          HÁGASE RICO   
Voy a contarles como me hice rico. No fue a las patadas, sino con Patada. Sí, Patada (Pame, Tato, David), así le pusimos, en clave de broma, a la sociedad de tres amigos que, en materia de negocios, era la ídem. Se no ocurrían ideas sensacionales que, para nuestra desgracia económica, llevábamos a cabo, porque, indefectiblemente, terminaban en una bancarrota.

Una vez -hijos al fin y al cabo del malandrín país que nos parió-, se nos ocurrió comprar boletas de más para el esperado partido Junior-Boca Juniors, con el objeto de revenderlas a la entrada del estadio Metropolitano de Barranquilla. Una vez urdida y llevada a cabo la primera parte del plan (comprar las boletas), faltaba la segunda (nada menos que venderlas), para lo cual contábamos con nuestra natural vocación de pésimos visionarios. Recuerdo que llegamos al estadio y, antes de un minuto, pasó un viejo -uno de esos curtidos vendedores ambulantes de mangos, que con seguridad no era la primera vez que veía a un trío de Bill Gates de parqueadero, como nosotros-, y nos dijo: "No joda, si aquí hay boletas como mondá en cumbiamba". En efecto: estábamos rodeados de revendedores profesionales que remataban boletas a menos de la mitad de su precio original. Finalmente no nos fue posible deshacernos de las dichosas boletas ni regalándolas.

En otra ocasión -muchachos emprendedores nosotros- decidimos que podríamos enriquecernos montando una venta de cervezas en la Batalla de Flores del carnaval de Barranquilla. Esa vez tomamos la senda de la transparencia, y pedimos un permiso a la Secretaría de Gobierno Distrital, ocupada a la sazón por un tío mío. Permiso en mano, conseguimos unos toneles viejos, hielo en cantidades antárticas, cervezas como para emborrachar al ejército chino, y nos encaminamos, junto a dos ayudantes, a la Vía 40. No pasó mucho tiempo antes de que una vieja cascarrabias -la única competencia legal que teníamos-, con el argumento de que ella era la legítima dueña de la concesión, nos echara a la policía. Así era: por una confusión habíamos llegado a la esquina equivocada (la nuestra era la siguiente). Nunca en mi vida, ni siquiera en una película sueca, he visto tanta diligencia, tanta eficiencia, en unos agentes de la policía: en menos de dos minutos nuestro puesto había sido desmantelado, y nuestras cervezas adoquinaban los jardines de la cuadra. Todo eso ante la mirada indiferente de decenas de vendedores que, sin tener permiso siquiera de sus cónyuges, vendían cervezas alegremente a nuestro lado. Convengamos en que, independientemente del incidente policial, y si de lo que se trataba era de hacerse rico, recurrir a la única opción que tiene más de la mitad de la población colombiana -el empleo informal, el rebusque- no fue la idea más brillante. Eso fue hace doce años largos, y el mes pasado me tomé la última de las cervezas que nos sobraron de tan formidable empresa.

Por físico pudor de homo sapiens omito otros ejemplos de pericia para el fracaso comercial. Sin embargo, debo aclarar, a estas alturas del artículo, que esa aptitud para la quiebra no parece ser innata, sino adquirida: cuando yo era niño, alguien en la casa compró un juego de mesa llamado Bancarrota, que -perfecta antítesis del archiconocido Hágase rico- consistía en malbaratar el capital inicial antes de que los otros jugadores lo hicieran, para así ganar el juego. Esa influencia, a tan temprana edad, pudo ser definitiva. Y si a lo anterior agregamos que estamos en un país de pésimas experiencias en el campo del “emprendimiento”, se completa la ecuación de mi fracaso financiero. 

Todo emprendedor en Colombia, con excepción de hijos de presidentes de la república, que, haciendo gala de una elaborada intuición empresarial, tienen la oportunidad de mandar a hacer decretos que les permitan comprar metros cuadrados de tierra y después venderlos con una módica adición al precio de dos ceros a la derecha, con excepción de ellos, digo, todo emprendedor colombiano termina en la ruina. Bueno, de acuerdo, hay otras excepciones: los emprendedores en política; o los profetas de sectas religiosas recién salidas del horno. 

Volviendo a Patada, aquella sofisticada y aceitada máquina de perder plata, debo reconocer que los negocios no son lo mío. Antes, todos los días se me ocurrían miles de maravillosas ideas de negocios que, por fortuna, casi nunca concretaba. En buena hora perdí la costumbre de creer que en mi cerebro vivía arrendado Warren Buffett. Ahora estoy convencido de que la mejor forma de mantenerme rico -o por lo menos de no perder lo que tengo, porque rico (de plata) no soy- es la de ser la antítesis del emprendedor. Eso, sin duda, me ha salvado de la permanente quiebra financiera. Pero, por otro lado, no puedo negar que de esa época de Patada, cuando perdía dinero a manos llenas, me quedó un multimillonario patrimonio espiritual, conformado por recuerdos que son de los mejores de toda mi vida. Aquello era vivir la vida al lado de dos amigos entrañables, con quienes era un verdadero placer cualquier cosa. A veces hasta el mismísimo hecho de perder plata.

Y esas amistades constituyen la verdadera riqueza de la vida.

@samrosacruz

          LOS TRAMPOSOS   

Esta mañana, como casi todos los días, empezó el predecible numerito que montan en la W, y que consiste en que los de "la mesa de trabajo" se muestran ostensiblemente asombrados por la masiva respuesta de la gente ante alguna campaña que ellos mismos han adelantado. La campaña, cualquiera que ella sea -vender carros, recoger plata para una obra benéfica, captar créditos hipotecarios-, siempre supera con creces las expectativas más optimistas soñadas por ellos:

- Alberto, ¿cuántos millones cree que vendió BMW el viernes?

- No sé, voy a decir una cifra que se me acaba de ocurrir: ¿quinientos millones novecientos noventa y nueve mil novecientos noventa y nueve?

- Pues no, según el último dato, vendió mil doscientos millones, ¡mil-dos-cien-tos-mi-llo-nes!, es decir, no el doble, sino más del doble (risas de incredulidad, interjecciones de sorpresa); y aquí está con nosotros el vicepresidente comercial de BMW, el doctor Fulano...

En ese momento entra al aire el doctor Fulano -con una risita de suficiencia que quiere decir "es que yo soy el putas boy de la Westinghouse, el próximo Bill Gates"-, y a continuación se saludan como viejos camaradas, hacen un par de chistes privados (para que no quede duda de que todos ellos pertenecen a la misma rosca que maneja al país), y finalmente se conforma la más vergonzosa sociedad de elogios mutuos que alguien pueda imaginar.

 El turno de hoy, la farsa de rigor, fue para la subasta de camisetas autografiadas por futbolistas europeos organizada por Martín Santos, el hijo del presidente, y cuyo producto se destinará a obras de caridad. Ignoro si el emprendedor delfín -como cabría suponer por la salva de alabanzas de la que fue objeto en el tercer acto del sainete- tuvo que sufrir innumerables privaciones para conseguir las camisetas. No sé, ni he investigado, si para su filantrópica  labor el pobrecito Martín tuvo que colarse como polizón en un barco mercante que lo trasladara a Europa. Desconozco si se vio obligado a pasar eternas noches en vela aguardando a que los futbolistas salieran de sus casas o de algún club nocturno de moda. O, tal vez, su sacrificada cacería de autógrafos le significó algún empellón, o algún insulto por parte de los guardaespaldas de las grandes estrellas del deporte a las que él, almita modesta y caritativa, intentaba abordar. Lo cierto es que la maledicencia y las lenguas viperinas han hecho correr la malintencionada especie de que a los jugadores simplemente les pasaron la camiseta, la firmaron, y se la regalaron al papito de Martín, el presidente de una banana republic (porque nunca se sabe cuando se necesitará un favor de por allá).

Sea como sea, Martincito, joven sensible y humilde, se desprendió de la valiosa posesión familiar en favor de los más necesitados. Para tal efecto, se sirvió -cómo no- del apoyo de los caballeros de la mesa redonda de trabajo, quienes, gracias a su su fino olfato de sabuesos detectores de billetes, consiguieron que un desinteresado filántropo, un santo altruista de esos que se dan silvestres en Colombia, comprara la camiseta subastada en una cifra que -para gran sorpresa de Julio y de su corte- doblaba la expectativa más delirante de Camila Zuluaga.

Una vez concretado el negocio, siguió -por supuesto- una original conferencia telefónica tripartita entre el dueño de la camiseta (Martín Santos), el comprador (la empresa de encomiendas Servientrega, representada por su presidente), y el flamante intermediario (la W, Julito). En ella, Martín Santos nos confió que él no ha podido explicarse por qué su subasta obtuvo esa respuesta tan desproporcionada. Yo tampoco lo entiendo, si tenemos en cuenta que él, Martín, sólo es el hijo del presidente de la república de un país de lambones, lobbistas y empresarios oportunistas, y en el que, por lo demás, el presidente tiene un poder casi imperial. Quién sabe: son fenómenos extraños que se dan de vez en cuando. Grandes enigmas de la vida.

Y ante todo esto, uno no puede evitar preguntarse de dónde sale tanta bondad, tanta sensibilidad humana, en este país. Y quizás la respuesta se encuentre en la tierna confesión del presidente de Servientrega, cuando informó, no sé si con cinismo o con descarada ingenuidad, que las camisetas no quedarán en poder de la empresa, sino en las de colombianos del común ¿Cómo? Pues muy sencillo: "nuestros gurús de mercadeo se encargarán de eso". La más probable traducción de lo anterior es: haremos un concurso cuyo resultado nos reporte el triple de lo invertido en las camisetas: mande usted tres encomiendas por Servientrega y reclame una boleta que...

Porque es allá, en el lucro, donde terminan todas esas obras de caridad que, si en realidad lo fueran, deberían permanecer anónimas. Martín Santos busca ayudar en su campaña reelectoral a su papá (ser hijo de presidente es altamente lucrativo, como lo demostraron ampliamente "Tom y Jerry"). Y, para lo cual, ¿qué mejor estrategia que la de mejorar la imagen de la sagrada familia presidencial? De tal hijo, tal padre, pensarán que pensaremos. Y lo mejor: gratis. Servientrega S.A. (Sin Alma, aclaraba el padre de un amigo mío acerca del verdadero significado de esas siglas de las sociedades anónimas), por su lado, pretende, como lo confirmó su presidente, exprimir hasta la última gota de su inversión en las camisetas (están "los gurús" trabajando en ello a todo vapor). Y, mientras, la W, sigue en lo suyo: en su singular reinvención del periodismo: no contenta con hacer bochornosos publirreportajes, tan comunes en el periodismo contemporáneo, se ha dedicado, a lo largo de veinte años, a un extenso publirreportaje sobre sí misma, el cual ha soportado hasta cambios de cadena radial.

La obra benéfica, como es fácil de ver a estas alturas, no la hará ninguno de ellos, cuyas imágenes ganan indulgencias con avemarías ajenos. Indulgencias que, en este caso, toman la forma de rating, de concursos, de votos. Es decir, de billete. Billete que pagarán otros. Tal era el método de los monjes medievales, lo cual exasperó hasta tal punto a Luthero que terminó publicando las tesis que derivaron en uno de los grandes cismas de la iglesia católica. Desgraciadamente, nosotros, los indignados contra el sumo pontífice de la radio colombiana, no contamos con el apoyo de un rey hereje y poderoso que le haga contrapeso.

La obra benéfica, en conclusión, la terminaremos pagando todos los colombianos. Todos con la excepción de tres personas, quienes sacarán provecho económico de ésta, y de cuyos bolsillos no saldrá un solo centavo: Martín Santos, el presidente de Servientrega, y -por supuesto- Julio Sánchez Cristo.

Ese trío de tramposos.

@samrosacruz
          Bill Gates   
Bill Gates Bill Gates’ high, upper zone extensions (A1, A2) as compared to his small middle zone letters (a, c, e, etc.) reflect a need to be on top of others-mentally. His fast-paced writing shows mental speed. The slashed j dot (B) and those unnecessary initial strokes (C1, C2) shout argumentativeness, cynicism and irritability. The […]
          Retail Sales Representative - Welch - TCC Dealer Jobs - Omaha, NE   
You’re so techie that people mistake you for a Bill Gates. Verizon Wireless Retail Sales Representative.... $20 an hour
From TCC Dealer Jobs - Tue, 23 May 2017 23:43:38 GMT - View all Omaha, NE jobs
          New York Times Historical: Database Highlight   
by Courtney Walsh
In my previous blog post about the recently released movie The Walk, I used several databases to retrieve information about the infamous protagonist of that movie, Philippe Petit. I enjoyed finding out what books he has authored and what others have written about him, but his story really came to life when I realized that I could easily retrieve information from the Library’s subscription to the New York Times Historical database.  Using this database, I was able to see the front page of the New York Times as it appeared on August 8, 1974, the day after his high wire-walk between the two towers of the World Trade Center.
As we all know, access to the New York Times online is limited by whether or not we are subscribers. Without a subscription, we can only access a certain number of articles per month for free. Additionally, free access goes back only as far as 1987. Some articles are available for free between 1851-1922 while articles between 1923-1986 are available for purchase.
Here at Stevens, the Library subscribes to the daily print version of the New York Times (you can request it at the Circulation Desk). For research purposes, however, you may find that electronic access is preferable due to the ease of the search capabilities that are embedded in its design. We have access to the current daily New York Times electronically via two databases, LexisNexis and ProQuest. Our subscription to New York Times Historical within ProQuest allows us to view the paper as far back as 1851.
Stop and think about that for a moment! We can literally look back in time using New York Times Historical. Scholars usually utilize a combination of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources when conducting research. Depending on the context of the research, newspapers may be considered either primary or secondary resources. An article about the Civil Rights Movement could be considered a primary source if it was written during the Movement itself, or a secondary source if it was written more recently with a more analytical or interpretive angle. For an excellent summary of the differences between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources, see this useful website from Ithaca College Library. For an excellent overview of the ways in which newspapers can be used for historical research, please see “Newspapers”, by Anne Rubenstein (York University), published on the website of the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.
When you are feeling inspired to research the people, events and ideas that you’re learning about in class, have read about, or seen depicted in movies, open up New York Times Historical, available in our Databases A-Z list (you’ll need to log in via myStevens if you are off-campus).
Once you have the database open, you have a variety of options in which to construct your search. As with all databases, there are some useful tips that can help as you start to locate information:

Keyword searching

Brainstorm a variety of keywords related to your search. Include synonyms and remember that the terms that we use now may not have been used during the time they occurred (e.g. World War I). Review other keywords, phrases and any other important information that appears in the article. Add them to a working list of terms that you can use to further expand or narrow your search.

Phrase searching

Put phrases in quotes to ensure you find the terms together in the document (e.g. “Hillary Clinton”, “Stevens Institute of Technology”, “artificial intelligence”)

Boolean searching

Boolean operators (AND OR NOT) are built in to the advanced search mode of New York Times Historical. Use these terms to connect your search terms rather than searching a long string of words (e.g. “Bill Gates AND philanthropy”, “mechanical engineering” OR “electrical engineering”, apple NOT fruit)

Wildcard searching

Brainstorm all the iterations of your keywords and search terms. Use wildcards to search all terms at once (e.g. psycholog* searches psychology, psychologist, psychologists, psychological).
Most databases offer simple ways to refine or limit your searches so it’s also useful to review the options available in New York Times Historical:
Basic Search





Screenshot from New York Times Historical database (ProQuest)

Advanced Search (add rows and use Boolean operators as needed to refine or narrow your search):







Screenshot from New York Times Historical database (ProQuest)
Publication Date (search on, before, or after specific dates or a within a range of dates):








Screenshot from New York Times Historical database (ProQuest)

Document Type (e.g. articles, classified ads, comics, editorials, obituaries, etc. ):


Screenshot from New York Times Historical database (ProQuest)
Below are some screenshots of articles and images about notable events that are available via New York Times Historical:
An article about the Beatles published January 4, 1964, the day after their first appearance on American television:


An article published the day after Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated:


Screenshot from New York Times Historical database (ProQuest)
An excerpt of an editorial article published April 15, 1865, the day after President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated:



Screenshot from New York Times Historical database (ProQuest)
The wealth of information about our world that is available through New York Times Historical is staggering. I hope that this short piece about one of our unique databases has inspired you to visit the New York Times Historical database to investigate the person or subject of your choosing! What will you look up?
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          Golem.de guckt: Bill Gates am Dance Pole!   
Die Radio- und TV-Woche vom 7. bis 13. Mai bietet ein kabarettistisches Programm um Bill Gates, Zombies im Strip-Schuppen und das Ende der Bildung. (Golem.de guckt, Web2.0)
          Does anyone else think Microsoft wants to eat our brains?   

I know this may seem a bit weird, but I keep having this weird dream where while I am playing my Xbox (usually playing Diablo III) and the creatures come out of my TV. The weirdest part about it is that the creatures are being led by Bill Gates and he is the most viscious out of them all. The dream is very short, but the message is clear considering Bill Gates is repeatedly say "I'm gonna eat the heck out of your brain." In conclusion I believe that one day Microsoft and all of its developers will eat our brains.


          Lattice energy LLC - Climate change can reduce wind and solar power output - also need dispatchable generation - March 2 2016   

A mystery wind drought hit the U.S. in the first half of 2015. Total wind-powered electrical output in the U.S. during that year went down 6% while total installed capacity went up 9%. Thus climate change disrupts prior weather patterns which can then impact renewables. If you believe wind and solar can someday totally replace short-notice sources of dispatchable power generation then think again, because they simply can’t --- ever. Given innate variability in power output from renewable green energy sources, substantial amounts of short-notice dispatchable generation capacity are an unavoidable necessity that, along with a shift toward distributed generation, could serve as key system components crucial to maintaining modern high-availability electricity grids that continue to provide customers with 99+ % uptime during an era of increasing climate change. Having adequate dispatchable power generation capacity on-hand would thus be invaluable in helping to insure reliable, low-cost energy production and prudent risk management with respect to sudden unexpected “Black Swan” events such as extremely large volcanic eruptions and violent earthquakes that can adversely impact power generation by renewables. Published peer-reviewed data suggests that it would also be prudent for global society to reduce future CO2 emissions from power generation activities. This will eventually happen anyway because at current rates of consumption, British Petroleum has estimated that fossil fuel resources will be totally exhausted in <150 years. Well, nuclear power plants are dispatchable and do not emit any CO2. Like it or not, major worldwide expansion of nuclear power generation is probably inevitable and could play a key strategic role in the long-term future of energy. In that regard, if safe radiation-free ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs) are successfully commercialized for producing green nuclear power, they could someday provide the future “energy miracle” sought by Bill Gates.
          Comment on Myth of Improvement of Economic Recession by Harsh Kumar   
Very interesting article indeed. Just to add. seeds of current recession were `swod way back in 2002 by Mr Bush jr which is directly linked to housing crisis. However we can trace it back to early 90s particularly gulf war. refer news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/the_economy/ne.../226986.stm First major incidence was reported at time of Mr Reagan when he decontrolled central bank intervention in maintaining interest rate. Gulf war as we all know was primarily designed to create American dominance on oil particularly after dominance in latin america was threatened by Mr Chavej What in this time American capitalist did, as pointed by Mr Ravi Batra on his interview posted in Youtube was that they did not equally distributed productivity gain which happened to mass IT revolution and globalisation to common people, which led to demand creation on white goods rather than meeting or increasing purchasing power for common people. To top this Mr Bush Jr announced in 2002 that he would encouraged housing for all american citizens as policy. This led to spurt in real estate market. Too reap abnormal speculative profits Banks encouraged people to take more loans even without checking whether people have purchasing power to meet those loans. It went to extent that if you don't have jobs, no income, no collatral you are the best person to get loan. (NINJA LOAN) To encash and pass on this risk banks bundled these loans and sold it globally rating them as AAA+ highly secure. (seuritization of loans) They managed to do so as property prices were rising so it was assured that banks would get loan value. But oversupply and non payment of loans which was just 0.5% higher than normal interest rate and related forecloser bought the property prices to as low as 30% of original value. Since banks had passed on these loan amounts to insurance and stock markets pension funds and other economic instrument this fall led to domino effect and desastor happened. From common people perspective, people lost there life time saving to extent of 80%, companies were further forced to cut jobs and down production to meet demands (white good?) people further lost there purchaing power and crisis depend further. Though we have announce 10.6 trillion USD bail out from US alone, many east european and affrican countries dont have funds to come out of this mess. Refer http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/business/2007/creditcrunch/default.stm Follow the money I still dont see any concrete action which would bring world out of this mess other than bailouts, of which most of it spent on either paying rich dividend to investors or compensation to CEOs. Many companies have spent millions from this bail out money on holding gala expensive seminars in 7+ star hotels for top brass. in end I just want to point out unless disparity of income is bridged between top earner to bottom most people this would not solve. For example Mr Bill Gates earns 10000 USD per sec where are average per person in come per year in india is Rs 3000 only. Till the time greed from wall street and blue boy in banks is not controlled and they are allowed to get as mr Obama once commented "Golden Parachute" dont think much positive ' post your comments on this
          Comment on Okupe Explains Why Buhari Sent Eid-el-Fitr Message In Hausa by Young Christian 's mother   
Dear Nigerian friends, We pray your Hon President Whois sick and ill must get well soon. It is not good to give place to rumours . He is not dead,he will get well soon,happy Eid-el -fitr from us here in India,from a Christian family,, Let me tell you a new danger we are facing right now. Trump government is planning a 1percent social fund ,,,,,,,,,,, Mr.bill gates is very much worried. As you all know,he is a good philanthropist.,,, Trump has authority,,he can withdraw his plan of this CUT any time or he will successfully carry it out without any difficulties. Here is OUR role. We donot know the heart of big business man. But American parliament has successfully defeated many bills that was brought by even a huge majority party of senators. So what you can contribute now? Well, You can visit Ex presidents,sitting senators,speaker of the parliament or you can write all these big people request them to allow continue this fund, According to bill gates, This one ☝️ PERCENT HELP is useful in VACCINATION,, This one ☝️ PERCENT HELP millions of job, This one ☝️ PERCENT HELP save millions of job,, Please support bill gates by writing to big shots of USA politics. God bless you,
          Uber is under investigation in Australia   
travis kalanick uber ceo

(Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)

Uber founder Travis Kalanick

Ridesharing provider Uber is the subject of an investigation by Australia’s ombudsman for workplace relations.

The Fair Work Ombudsman confirmed to Business Insider on Wednesday evening that it has started an inquiry into whether the company’s conditions for drivers comply with federal regulations.

“I can confirm that the Fair Work Ombudsman has commenced an investigation into Uber, with the purpose of determining whether the engagement of Uber drivers is compliant with Commonwealth workplace laws,” an ombudsman spokesperson said.

“As this is a live investigation it would not be appropriate for us to comment any further.”

Uber had long been classifying drivers as contractors rather than employees, explicitly calling them “partner-drivers” to emphasize the point. But a group of activist drivers called Rideshare Drivers United has claimed responsibility for the FWO investigation, saying the current conditions equate to a “a classic ‘sham contracting’ arrangement”.

“To be classified as real subcontractors, drivers must have more control and ability to grow their business, directly negotiate service prices with customers, ask for the destination before having to drive to the pick up location, be permitted to hail street rides, issue invoices and most importantly be able to scrutinize the Uber booking system and its various performance and earning metrics,” the group stated on its website this month.

“Uber currently does it all ‘on behalf of drivers’ while drivers have absolutely no say over any of these important business decisions & functions.”

Uber

Bernard Weil/GettyImages

An Uber Australia said that more than 60,000 people chose to drive on its platform because “they like setting their own schedule and being their own boss”.

“We will be happy to assist the Fair Work Ombudsman with any questions they may have.”

Rideshare Drivers United claimed it took its concerns to the FWO earlier this month, submitting accounts of driver experiences and demanding that all rideshare drivers be classified and paid as casual workers. Now that the investigation has started, it is actively calling on Uber drivers to make submissions to the ombudsman.

In an attempt to calm driver concerns, Uber Australia earlier this month lifted its minimum fares across all mainland state capitals. The company also added a 55c booking fee at the same time, but none of that went to the drivers.

Rideshare Drivers United said at the time that the minimum fare rides were such a small percentage of total trips that the change was “a slap in the face” for drivers.

The group instead called for a hike in the distance-based rates. Those tariffs had been cut twice in the past two years and now were at “very low, unsustainable levels” that left drivers with “well below minimum take home wage”, according to Rideshare Drivers United.

Failure to adapt

Uber globally has been on a hiding to nothing in recent weeks, with its corporate culture coming under scrutiny, a board member resigning after making sexist comments at an anti-sexism staff meeting, and its founder and chief Travis Kalanick resigning after an investor revolt.

Tony Wu, head of growth at recruitment platform startup Weploy, said that the industrial dispute in Australia had arisen because the “gig economy” has evolved from people earning “quick cash on the side” to actually making their primary income.

“Many Australians [now] rely on this type of work as their livelihoods, and as such, we need to treat these jobs as legitimate forms of employment,” he said.

“We feel there is a lack of responsibility within the gig economy and workers are left to fend for themselves as contractors.”

While Uber had left a great legacy of bringing the gig economy into the mainstream, Wu said, its industrial relations needed to adapt.

“If they fail to take responsibility for this, it will only continue to add to their growing list of issues. In the gig economy, the success of your business is proportional to the happiness of your community,” he said.

“However, Uber can’t be solely blamed for the issue — policy makers have been slow to the mark and have failed to adapt legislation to protect workers within these economies.”

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          Bill Gates will 100.000 Hühner spenden   
„Kann ein Huhn die Welt verändern?“ Ja, meint Bill Gates. Um den Menschen in einigen der ärmsten Ländern der Welt zu helfen, will er nun 100.000 der Tiere spenden.
          „Es fühlt sich großartig an“   
Die US-amerikanische Philanthropin Melinda Gates über das Innenleben der größten privaten Stiftung für Entwicklungshilfe, ihre Ehe mit Microsoft-Gründer Bill Gates und die Ausnahmesituation, mit einem Milliardenvermögen die Welt zu verbessern
          Address Book-Gate: U.S. Congress Members Ask Apple About its Role   
Two members of the U.S. Congress, Energy and Commerce Committee Ranking Member Henry A. Waxman and Commerce, Manufacturing, and Trade Subcommittee Ranking Member G. K. Butterfield, sent a letter to Apple's CEO Tim Cook this morning, asking for Apple's role in the recent scandal surrounding apps that quietly upload a user's address book to their servers. Specifically, the two congressmen want to know "whether Apple’s iOS app developer policies and practices may fall short when it comes to protecting the information of iPhone users and their contacts." Apple has until February 29 to answer the congress members' questions. Dave Morrin, the co-found and CEO of Path, is also cc'ed on this letter. What started out as a scandal around Path, though, has obviously moved far beyond the startup and the companies that have admitted to virtually the same practices now involve Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn (though they all ask for permission before uploading your data), as well as Foodspotting (which doesn't ask) and quite a few others. Many pundits have wondered if it isn't time for Apple to provide a technical solution to stop developers from accessing a user's address book and the two Congress members seem to be leaning in this direction as well. They also ask Apple about the rumors that "there’s a quiet understanding among many iOS app developers that it is acceptable to send a user’s entire address book, without their permission, to remote servers and then store it for future reference.  It’s common practice, and many companies likely have your address book stored in their database." Here is the full text of the letter, including a set of questions the congressmen want Apple to answer: February 15, 2012   Mr. Tim Cook Chief Executive Officer, Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA  95014   Dear Mr. Cook: Last week, independent iOS app developer Arun Thampi blogged about his discovery that the social networking app “Path” was accessing and collecting the contents of his iPhone address book without ever having asked for his consent.[1] The information taken without his permission – or that of the individual contacts who own that information – included full names, phone numbers, and email addresses.[2] Following media coverage of Mr. Thampi’s discovery, Path’s Co-Founder and CEO Dave Morin quickly apologized, promised to delete from Path’s servers all data it had taken from its users’ address books, and announced the release of a new version of Path that would prompt users to opt in to sharing their address book contacts.[3] This incident raises questions about whether Apple’s iOS app developer policies and practices may fall short when it comes to protecting the information of iPhone users and their contacts. The data management section of your iOS developer website states:  “iOS has a comprehensive collection of tools and frameworks for storing, accessing, and sharing data. . . . iOS apps even have access to a device’s global data such as contacts in the Address Book, and photos in the Photo Library.”[4]The app store review guidelines section states:  “We review every app on the App Store based on a set of technical, content, and design criteria.  This review criteria is now available to you in the App Store Review Guidelines.”[5] This same section indicates that the guidelines are available only to registered members of the iOS Developer Program.[6] However, tech blogs following the Path controversy indicate that the iOS App Guidelines require apps to get a user’s permission before “transmit[ting] data about a user”.[7] In spite of this guidance, claims have been made that “there’s a quiet understanding among many iOS app developers that it is acceptable to send a user’s entire address book, without their permission, to remote servers and then store it for future reference.  It’s common practice, and many companies likely have your address book stored in their database.”[8] One blogger claims to have conducted a survey of developers of popular iOS apps and found that 13 of 15 had a “contacts database with millions of records” – with one claiming to have a database containing “Mark Zuckerberg's cell phone number, Larry Ellison’s home phone number and Bill Gates’ cell phone number.”[9] The fact that the previous version of Path was able to gain approval for distribution through the Apple iTunes Store despite taking the contents of users’ address books without their permission suggests that there could be some truth to these claims.  To more fully understand and assess these claims, we are requesting that you respond to the following questions:   Please describe all iOS App Guidelines that concern criteria related to the privacy and security of data that will be accessed or transmitted by an app. Please describe how you determine whether an app meets those criteria. What data do you consider to be “data about a user” that is subject to the requirement that the app obtain the user’s consent before it is transmitted? To the extent not addressed in the response to question 2, please describe how you determine whether an app will transmit “data about a user” and whether the consent requirement has been met. How many iOS apps in the U.S. iTunes Store transmit “data about a user”? Do you consider the contents of the address book to be “data about a user”? Do you consider the contents of the address book to be data of the contact?  If not, please explain why not.  Please explain how you protect the privacy and security interests of that contact in his or her information. How many iOS apps in the U.S. iTunes Store transmit information from the address book?  How many of those ask for the user’s consent before transmitting their contacts’ information? You have built into your devices the ability to turn off in one place the transmission of location information entirely or on an app-by-app basis.  Please explain why you have not done the same for address book information.   Please provide the information requested no later than February 29, 2012.  If you have any questions regarding this request, you can contact Felipe Mendoza with the Energy and Commerce Committee Staff at 202-226-3400.   Sincerely,   Henry A. Waxman Ranking Member G.K. Butterfield Ranking Member Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing, and Trade   cc:        Dave Morin Path, Co-Founder and CEO
          Jobless society   
Details: 

Bill gates has urged everyone to read 5 books in this summer. One book is “Homo Deus” by Itallian writer - Yuval Noah Harari. He has already given one more best seller book "Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind,"


          Uber is under investigation in Australia   

travis kalanick uber ceo

Ridesharing provider Uber is the subject of an investigation by Australia’s ombudsman for workplace relations.

The Fair Work Ombudsman confirmed to Business Insider on Wednesday evening that it has started an inquiry into whether the company’s conditions for drivers comply with federal regulations.

“I can confirm that the Fair Work Ombudsman has commenced an investigation into Uber, with the purpose of determining whether the engagement of Uber drivers is compliant with Commonwealth workplace laws,” an ombudsman spokesperson said.

“As this is a live investigation it would not be appropriate for us to comment any further.”

Uber had long been classifying drivers as contractors rather than employees, explicitly calling them “partner-drivers” to emphasize the point. But a group of activist drivers called Rideshare Drivers United has claimed responsibility for the FWO investigation, saying the current conditions equate to a “a classic ‘sham contracting’ arrangement”.

“To be classified as real subcontractors, drivers must have more control and ability to grow their business, directly negotiate service prices with customers, ask for the destination before having to drive to the pick up location, be permitted to hail street rides, issue invoices and most importantly be able to scrutinize the Uber booking system and its various performance and earning metrics,” the group stated on its website this month.

“Uber currently does it all ‘on behalf of drivers’ while drivers have absolutely no say over any of these important business decisions & functions.”

UberAn Uber Australia said that more than 60,000 people chose to drive on its platform because “they like setting their own schedule and being their own boss”.

“We will be happy to assist the Fair Work Ombudsman with any questions they may have.”

Rideshare Drivers United claimed it took its concerns to the FWO earlier this month, submitting accounts of driver experiences and demanding that all rideshare drivers be classified and paid as casual workers. Now that the investigation has started, it is actively calling on Uber drivers to make submissions to the ombudsman.

In an attempt to calm driver concerns, Uber Australia earlier this month lifted its minimum fares across all mainland state capitals. The company also added a 55c booking fee at the same time, but none of that went to the drivers.

Rideshare Drivers United said at the time that the minimum fare rides were such a small percentage of total trips that the change was “a slap in the face” for drivers.

The group instead called for a hike in the distance-based rates. Those tariffs had been cut twice in the past two years and now were at “very low, unsustainable levels” that left drivers with “well below minimum take home wage”, according to Rideshare Drivers United.

Failure to adapt

Uber globally has been on a hiding to nothing in recent weeks, with its corporate culture coming under scrutiny, a board member resigning after making sexist comments at an anti-sexism staff meeting, and its founder and chief Travis Kalanick resigning after an investor revolt.

Tony Wu, head of growth at recruitment platform startup Weploy, said that the industrial dispute in Australia had arisen because the “gig economy” has evolved from people earning “quick cash on the side” to actually making their primary income.

“Many Australians [now] rely on this type of work as their livelihoods, and as such, we need to treat these jobs as legitimate forms of employment,” he said.

“We feel there is a lack of responsibility within the gig economy and workers are left to fend for themselves as contractors.”

While Uber had left a great legacy of bringing the gig economy into the mainstream, Wu said, its industrial relations needed to adapt.

“If they fail to take responsibility for this, it will only continue to add to their growing list of issues. In the gig economy, the success of your business is proportional to the happiness of your community,” he said.

“However, Uber can’t be solely blamed for the issue — policy makers have been slow to the mark and have failed to adapt legislation to protect workers within these economies.”

SEE ALSO: The stunning string of blows that upended Uber, the world's most valuable startup

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: A hacker reveals the most secure thing you can do to your passwords


          Firefox est le meilleur   
Si nous essayons de pousser le bouchon un peu plus loin (Maurice), nous remarquons que la polémique est loin d'être évidente tant que la cible de ces 2 produits reste assez distincte. Bien sûr la volonté de la fondation Mozilla est de "pousser" un peu leur nouveau produit, leur "bébé" dans le plus de machines "surfantes" de la planète. [img right]http://www.virustraq.com/img/lead_art/weblog/firefox.jpg[/img]Pour l'instant que voyons-nous sur le marché avec nos petits yeux d'observateurs moyens. Firefox reste assez méconnu hors des professionnels de l'informatique, et Internet Explorer reste "facile" d'accès car il est installé sur quasiment toutes les machines grand public. Depuis le Service Pack 2 de XP, Internet Explorer a subit les modifications nécessaires pour être un peu plus robuste face à la cruauté du monde extérieur mais on remarque tout de même qu'il subsiste encore des moyens d'outrepasser la sécurité de celui-ci. La réactivité de Microsoft n'est pas forcément à saluer de ce côté la et le passage vers XP SP2 n'est malheureusement pas automatique. On observe aussi de l'autre côté que Firefox a subit quelques patchs de sécurité permettant de le rendre un peu plus imperméable, mais ici la réactivité est quasi instantanée. La volonté affichée est-elle suffisante sachant que pour un utilisateur néophyte faire 4 installations de son navigateur web en 1 mois est assez difficile... Pour l'entreprise intégrer un tel logiciel n'est-il pas plus contraignant ? Même si ces premières interrogations peuvent nous faire douter de l'utilisation de l'un ou de l'autre logiciel, il est aussi intéressant de regarder la maturité de Firefox face au vieillissant Internet Explorer. L'ouverture du code est certainement un atout d'un point de vue "sécuritaire". Le durcissement du code de firefox se fera certainement plus rapidement et d'une manière plus transparente. Que voulait nous dire [url=http://www.virustraq.com/actualite/weblog/10032/][b]Bill Gates dans ses propos[/b][/url] ? Quels sont les arguments en faveur de Internet Explorer ? Firefox est sans contexte le navigateur qui a poussé ses concurrents vers une utilisation plus sécurisée. Firefox garde toute sa légitimité face aux grands et il est vraiment judicieux aujourd'hui de pousser les utilisateurs à l'utiliser pour sa sécurité et pour faire avancer la concurrence. Il sera toujours assez tôt de revenir parler de tout ça quand la prochaine version de IE sortira.
          Internet Explorer est le meilleur   
[img right]http://www.virustraq.com/img/lead_art/weblog/billgates.jpg[/img]C'est en tout cas ce qu'a affirmé Bill Gates, CSO de Microsoft, dans une interview accordée à la [url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4508897.stm]BBC[/url]. Le fait que le navigateur alternatif de la Fondation Mozilla ait été téléchargé plus de 50 millions de fois ne semble pas déranger Bill Gates pour autant : [i]"Je me suis un peu amusé avec, mais ce n'est qu'un autre navigateur et IE est meilleur."[/i] Pour Bill, même le nombre de téléchargement de Firefox est contestable : [i]"Tellement de logiciels sont téléchargés tout le temps, mais les gens les utilisent ils vraiment ?"[/i] Bill en a profité pour annoncer la venue prochaine de son navigateur fétiche en version 7.0 avec [b]"ses"[/b] innovations et notamment l'intégration de la [url=http://www.virustraq.com/actualite/weblog/10020/]technologie anti-espiogiciel de Microsoft[/url].
          Newspapers and Gene Kelly and YouTube   

I just wrote an Op-Ed column for the Patriot-News about my hot and cold relationship with electronics - mostly saying how I'm luke warm about it all - and then completely overslept this morning because I cleverly set my alarm for 5:30 PM instead of 5:30 AM.

Pushing buttons is hard.

Touchscreen buttons are worse. I'm a person with fairly lithe fingertips, but trying to type or navigate little squares on a touchscreen makes me feel like I have hams for fists. Stylus, you say? Okay. Can you put your hands on your stylus is right this second? I mean, without fishing through the sofa cushions or digging under your car seat? Exactly.

And I know, I know...I'm a blogger. I've reached at least the third circle of electronic media geekdom, and my Twitter account puts me somewhere in the deeper, darker depths of online megalomania.

But that's where I draw the line.

Usually. I do honestly adore my eReader. People are always talking about how they like a real book, the feel and smell of a real book. Most of my books are boxed in the basement and now smell like mold. And not the flowery castle library kind of mold. More like bleu cheese and mice dropping. So yeah...eReader. Love it.

Here's the Gene Kelly video I mentioned in the column. It's from the 1950 movie Summer Stock. It's pretty darn good.


I adore YouTube. Possibly more than any other cyber tool after email, I use YouTube as a direct extension of my parenting.

(I deliver a lot of unpopular news and instructions to my children via email: "Get your laundry done, or else. Your teacher spoke to me about a project you never handed it - DO IT NOW. Dishes aren't done; I've confiscated your iPod." This way, I'm out of earshot for the whinging.)

But YouTube is sort of a home school picture window into the culture and history of days gone by.  Days when people were tiny and danced on gigantic type-writers because there was no television and what else were you supposed to do with your time?


As I was looking up Gene Kelly videos for the Patriot piece, my three kids and I were instantly able to watch Kelly’s legendary dances from An American In Paris, Singin’ In The Rain, and the Slaughter on Tenth Avenue ballet – prompting questions about whether the French really cavort on fountains and why there aren’t more thugs and violent shooting deaths in The Nutcracker.

The other morning, one of my kids came downstairs wearing a shirt with the price tag still hanging from the armpit. I noted, "You look like Minnie Pearl."

To which the child responded, "Minnie WHO? Oh...wait...Mom, no, never mind. Is this some crazy person from back when you were a kid? No...Mom...it's okay. You don't have to show me on YouTube!"

Too late.


My kids pretend to not be interested in life before Steve Jobs and Bill Gates. And yet, a video like the one above can prompt a half-hour discussion about Dolly Parton's hair ornament alone. Is it a flower? A dead octopus? A flattened bird?

And when my six year old wanted to hear some "real Rock and Roll", I did him one better. 



When one of my children was in elementary school music class and the teacher asked if anyone knew who Elvis Presley was, she said she was the only one who raised her hand.

Elvis! 

It's like not knowing who George Washington was. Well...okay...maybe Ben Franklin, inventor of everything, including the Bo Diddley beat.

And yes, we use YouTube for science lessons and geography look-sees and trips around the globe. We also watch videos of cats falling off counters and people launching themselves off human slingshots in their back yards - as a cautionary tale, don't you know.

But it's the questions like, "What the heck is Saturday Night Fever?" that I enjoy the most. Welcome to my childhood, kids. Not as many buttons. Kids entertainment programming didn't run 24/7. And the Bee Gees were the original Gangnam Style.

 
I love those kinds of questions.


At MamaPop.com Kids Love Creepy Dolls and Alien Autopsies For Christmas!





          One night, a Delta twin-engine puddle wow cdkeys j...   
One night, a Delta twin-engine puddle wow cdkeys jumper was flying somewhere above New Jersey.RuneScape Gold There were five people on board:flyff power leveling the pilot,Eve isk Michael Jordan,world of warcraft gold Bill Gates,2moons dil the Dali Lama,2moons power leveling and a hippie.wow gold Suddenly, an illegal oxygen generator exploded loudly 2moons gold in the luggage world of warcraft power leveling compartment, age of conan power leveling and the buy wow gold passenger cabin began cheap aion kinah to fill with smoke.wow leveling The cockpit door opened,dog apparel and LOTRO Gold the pilot burst into archlord power leveling the compartment. Gentlemen,knight online power leveling he began,I have good news knight online power leveling and bad news. The bad news is last chaos gold that we're about to crash maple story mesos in New Jersey. The good news Archlord gold is that there are wow Power Leveling four parachutes,and I have flyff power leveling one of them
          Sejarah Otomotif   




~SeJaRaH DuNiA OtOmOtIf…~

Sejarah dunia otomotif dimulai ketika Nicolaus August Otto menemukan mesin motor pada tahun 1876. Kemudian, pada tahun 1885 Gottlieb Daimler menemukan mesin berbahan bakar minyak yang memungkinkan terbukanya revolusi pada lahirnya desain mobil. Penemuan tersebut kemudian dilanjutkan oleh Karl Benz, seorang mechanical engineer yang pertama kali membangun mobil praktis yang dijalankan oleh mesin yang disebut sebagai internal-combustion engine pada tahun 1985.
Di Amerika, John W. Lambert menemukan mobil bertenaga bensin pada tahun 1891. Duryea Brothers menjadi perusahaan pertama yang memproduksi dan menjual kendaraan tersebut kepada publik. Segalanya mungkin berjalan tidak terlalu signifikan, sampai pada akhirnya Henry Ford meluncurkan Model-T yang fenomenal itu, dilengkapi dengan sistem transmisi dan desain yang lebih baik. Model pertama diproduksi tahun 1908 dan terus mengalami perubahan hingga tahun 1980.
Masih bicara soal transportasi darat, di bidang per-keretaapi-an, sejarah dimulai ketika George Stephenson merancang kereta api uap pertama di tahun 1824. Meskipun memang benar bahwa steam engine telah ditemukan James Watt jauh sebelum itu. Baru pada tahun 1924 kemudian kereta api uap mengalami perkembangan yang matang dan tersebar hingga ke seluruh dunia. Disusul kemudian oleh lahirnya kereta api diesel pada tahun 1960an. Setelah mengalami vakum yang agak lama, muncullah kereta api super cepat berbasis teknologi Maglev yang sebetulnya masih berada pada pertumbuhan awal. Kendati demikian, kita bisa melihat TGV dan Shinkansen dengan penuh kekaguman dan ketakjuban yang tiada terperi.
Sementara itu, di dunia aeronautika, sejarah bercerita jauh lebih panjang. Konon, pada tahun 852 seorang ilmuwan Muslim bernama Armen Firman meloncat dari sebuah menara di Cordoba (Spanyol) dan melayang menggunakan jubah yang dikenakan sebagai parasut. Pada tahun 875, Abbas Ibn Firnas mengulang aksi nekad Firman. Sayangnya, ia menderita cidera punggung yang berakibat pada kematian beberapa tahun kemudian. Baghdad kemudian menggunakan nama Firnas sebagai nama bandara untuk mengenangnya.
Berabad-abad kemudian, orang terus beranggapan bahwa manusia terbang harus dengan sayap. Bahkan lukisan DaVinci yang terkenal di tahun 1500an itu juga menyiratkan hal yang demikian. Cerita menjadi agak berubah ketika Sir George Cayley di tahun 1799 merumuskan konsep pesawat di mana harus memiliki sayap, ekor, dan sebagainya. Lucunya, konsep ini dituliskan pada sekeping uang perak yang dibuat pada tahun tersebut.
Cayley kemudian membuat glider sesuai konsepnya itu dan menyuruh pengemudi keretanya (coachman) untuk mencobanya, tetapi tidak ada pencapaian hasil yang jelas. Adalah Otto Lilienthal yang kemudian menjadi orang pertama yang membuat glider sekaligus mencoba melayangkannya sesaat. Hasil eksperimen tersebut dipublikasikan, tetapi sayangnya, suatu hari ketika ia melakukan percobaan, terjadi hembusan angin yang membuatnya terjungkal dan meninggal dunia.
Pada tanggal 28 November 1896, seorang professor bernama Samuel Langley dari Smithsonian Institute berhasil membuat pesawat tanpa awak yang mampu terbang hingga ketinggian 4.200 kaki dengan kecepatan 30 mph. Langley kemudian meminta dana riset dari Departemen Pertahanan Amerika sebesar US$ 5.000 untuk merancang pesawat terbang berawak. Dua kali percobaan yang dilakukan pada tanggal 7 Oktober 1903 dan 9 Desember 1903 hanya membuahkan kegagalan. Percobaan pertama mengakibatkan sayap pesawat patah tanpa meninggalkan darat. Sementara pada percobaan kedua pesawat tak mampu terbang dan jatuh tercebur di Sungai Potomac. Meski demikian, atas jasanya di bidang aeronautika, nama Langley diabadikan sebagai nama lab terkenal: NASA Langley.
Jeda 8 hari setelah percobaan kedua Langley, Kitty Hawk karya Wrights bersaudara mencatat sejarah sebagai pesawat terbang pertama dengan kekuatan mesin yang mampu terbang dan mencapai ketinggian melebihi starting pointnya. Inilah kali pertama manusia berhasil mengalahkan gravitasi. Wrights bersaudara tetap melakukan perbaikan atas temuannya itu, seperti juga banyak ilmuwan di Perancis, Inggris, Jerman, Rusia, Australia, dan sebagainya. Namun, Wright Bros lah yang menarik perhatian setelah memukau masyarakat ramai di Paris. Ia kemudian menjual idenya kepada Departemen Pertahanan Amerika. Hasilnya, tak lama kemudian Angkatan Bersenjata Amerika memiliki beberapa “pesawat tempur” di mana sang pilot melempar bom dengan tangannya untuk menghabisi musuh di darat.
Ketika PD I meletus di tahun 1929, pesawat bersayap ganda sudah lazim ditemui. Kemudian di tahun 1926, Charles Lindberg untuk pertama kalinya melintasi Laut Atlantik dengan sukses. Inilah titik awal ketika pesawat diperlakukan sebagai alat transportasi, bukan sekedar hobi atau mainan seperti sebelumnya. Ketika PD II meletus di tahun 1940an, pesawat tempur sudah jauh lebih canggih. Airlines dengan propeller bermunculan. Dan di tahun 1950an, mesin jet (Boeing 707) mulai beroperasi dan istilah “jet set” atau transportasi jet mulai dikenal.
Pada tahun 1960 an, pesawat supersonik (Concorde) mulai beroperasi. Sayangnya, kendati Rusia telah berhasil meluncurkan satelit pertama (1957) dan Amerika sukses mendaratkan manusia di bulan (1969), perkembangan di dunia aeronautika nyaris mandeg. Memang benar bahwa keberhasilan Rusia dan Amerika tersebut lebih disebabkan oleh faktor politis (perang dingin) ketimbang faktor penemuan teknologi untuk peningkatan kesejahteraan umat manusia. Memang benar pula bahwa teknologi baru awalnya tumbuh dengan sangat lambat, kemudian mencapai titik di mana inovasi terus menghujani, dan tak lama kemudian mencapai tahap matang. Setelah itu perkembangan teknologi kembali berjalan dengan lambat. Periode antara tersebut, kalau dihitung, rata-rata sekitar 40 tahun.
Dengan menggunakan perhitungan di atas, seharusnya saat ini manusia mampu terbang dengan kecepatan hipersonik atau melampaui atmosfer menuju luar angkasa. Sayangnya, akibat dana penelitian yang mahal (atau nuansa politis yang kental), baik Rusia maupun Amerika tidak lagi ngotot mengembangkan space shuttle. Wahana angkasa memang menjadi monopoli tersendiri yang teramat mahal. Akan tetapi, bagi segelintir kalangan, bisa menjadi peluang bisnis milyaran (atau trilyunan) dolar.
Untuk mendapatkan pesawat angkasa yang jauh lebih murah dari gawean NASA dan para kontraktornya, digelarlah X-Prize dengan hadiah senilai US$ 10 juta bagi siapa pun yang mampu terbang setinggi 100 km atau lebih dengan membawa pilot dan 2 penumpang atau berat ekuivalennya. Ada banyak orang “gila” yang tertarik berlomba, salah satunya Burt Rutan yang didanai oleh Paul Allen.
SpaceshipOne buatan Rutan keluar menjadi pemenang. Dana yang digelontorkan lebih dari US$ 20 juta, tetapi motivasi untuk meraih peluang bisnis wisata angkasa luar menjadikan US$ 20 juta seolah-olah nothing. Proyek tersebut dilanjutkan dengan SpaceshipTwo yang bisa mengangkut hingga 8 orang dan akan siap di tahun 2007 atau 2008. Konon, Virgin Galactic sudah memesan 3 pesawat SpaceshipTwo.
Selain X-Prize, Bigelow -seorang jutawan pemilik hotel-hotel murahan- juga menggelar award serupa dengan hadiah US$ 50 juta plus kontrak membuat pesawat bagi siapa saja yang bisa membuat pesawat untuk mengangkut wisatawan mengelilingi bumi beberapa kali. Ia telah membuat perusahaan Bigelow Aerospace yang melakukan riset tentang bagaimana struktur bangunan yang tepat untuk hotel angkasa. Hasilnya cukup mengagumkan dan teknologinya dibeli NASA untuk perbaikan space shuttle. Tentu saja, harga ini jauh lebih murah daripada membeli dari kontraktor seperti Boeing atau Lockheed Martin. Bigelow sadar bahwa mimpi untuk membuat hotel angkasa tidak pernah bisa terwujud tanpa sistem transportasi yang murah.
Tentu saja ini semua bukan bualan omong kosong. Banyak perusahaan baru dengan 50 atau 100 karyawan jenius dan backup dana yang kuat dari investor bermunculan. Angkasa luar adalah milik masyarakat biasa, bukan lagi monopoli pemerintah atau negara. Dengan lahirnya industri baru yang padat otak dan padat modal, wisata angkasa luar bukan sesuatu yang mustahil. Saat ini, Rusia bisa membawa kita berjalan-jalan ke Stasiun MIR dengan harga US$ 20 juta. Tapi beberapa tahun mendatang, tarif tersebut akan menurun secara signifikan.
Tak lama lagi kita akan merasa “biasa” ketika mendengar orang-orang bekerja di angkasa luar, berbulan madu 100 km di luar bumi, atau menjadi pegawai hotel di bulan. Kolonisasi bulan atau kolonisasi Mars adalah masa depan. Kelak, eksplorasi dan eksploitasi barang tambang mungkin akan terjadi di bulan atau di planet lain yang memang sangat kaya akan mineral. Masa depan tersebut adalah milik industri kecil dengan kemampuan besar. Dan kalau 20 tahun belakangan orang terkaya dunia adalah Bill Gates, maka 20 tahun mendatang orang terkaya dunia adalah entrepreneur yang mampu berinovasi membawa manusia ke luar angkasa dengan biaya yang efektif dan efisien, serta mengemasnya dalam suatu layanan yang bernilai tambah

          Intellectual Property and Business Succession Planning   
I try to make the point that what has made Bill Gates all his money is his intellectual property: trademarks, patents and even copyrights. Pennsylvania Trusts and Estates Blog takes this a step further with Intellectual Property in Your Estate:
Forbes published a list of the 13 Top-Earning Dead Celebrities. The estates of these persons are making fortunes with the decedents' intellectual property. How much do they earn? The top-earning 13 decedents earned a combined $194 million over the last 12 months. It makes dying look like a good career move. Who are they? Elvis Presley, Charles M. Schulz, Heath Ledger, Albert Einstein, Aaron Spelling, Dr. Seuss (Theodor Geisel), John Lennon, Andy Warhol, Marilyn Monroe, Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, James Dean, Marvin Gaye.

***
Any author or artist should consider choosing a an executor who is knowledgeable in his or her field to serve as a special executor after his or her death. For example, an author might appoint a family member as executor to take care of the estate in general, but name a literary executor to be responsible for and carry out certain duties with regard to the decedent's written works.

Intellectual property can be a valuable assets and it must be managed in your estate to maximize
income streams income, address infringements, protections, registrations and maintenance.
What have you done to protect your heirs and your business when you die? What have you done to protect your business between now and your death? I do not suggest waiting - get yourself to a lawyer as soon as possible.


          Eliax explica y opina: Apple vs el FBI, el caso legal más importante de tiempos recientes   
Fuente: eliax.com

AppleFBI#eliaxHola amig@s lectores,

En estos días pasados ha llegado a los medios populares la noticia de la lucha legal del FBI contra Apple, un caso que he seguido de cerca desde sus inicios y que en mi opinión es el caso legal de mayor importancia y repercusión de los últimos tiempos a escala global, y hoy planeo explicarles por qué...

Pero primero, permítanme ponerlos al tanto muy brevemente: El pasado 2 de diciembre del 2015 ocurrió una masacre en los EEUU, en la localidad de San Bernardino, California, donde 14 personas fueron asesinadas, y 22 terminaron seriamente heridas. Los asesinos fueron la pareja de casados Syed Rizwan Farook y Tashfeen Malik, los cuales fueron subsiguientemente matados en un enfrentamiento contra las autoridades mientras huían.

¿Dónde entra Apple en todo esto? Pues uno de los asesinos utilizaba un iPhone, el cual estaba protegido con una clave de acceso, y a diferencia de otras plataformas el modelo de seguridad de iOS es extremadamente rígido (tanto así que ni el mismo FBI ha podido romperlo), y el FBI persuadió a un juez federal de que le ordenara a Apple romper su propio mecanismo de seguridad para ellos poder entrar al celular e investigar por pistas que aclaren más el caso.

Hasta aquí todo suena aparentemente razonable. Hasta que lo pensamos mejor y entramos en detalle, pues aquí (y como dicen en inglés) existe un gorilla de 500 kilos de peso en la habitación que todos parecen ignorar...

Para empezar, la realidad es que ni siquiera Apple mismo puede romper su propio sistema de cifrado de datos, ya que utilizan una tecnología llamada"Cifrado de datos con llaves públicas/privadas - de lo cual quizás en un futuro escriba un artículo en eliax explicando qué es eso), cosa que el mismo FBI sabe, razón por la cual el FBI pidió específicamente que Apple sencillamente rompiera la medida que bloquea el celular si una persona escribe mal su clave varias. De esta forma, el FBI podría sencillamente probar todas las combinaciones de clave hasta que diera con la clave de la persona, sin riesgo de que el celular se bloqueara definitivamente.

El gerente general de Apple (Tim Cook), sin embargo, digo que no va a acatar la orden judicial, e incluso acaba de hacer una carta pública a ser leída por todo el Internet, explicando sus motivos.

Este tema ha explotado tanto que incluso Sundar Pichai, el Gerente General de Google, ha expresado su apoyo a Apple.

Pero, ¿cuál es el problema? ¿no estaría Apple "protegiendo" a un terrorista al negarse a ayudar a las autoridades? Pues esta última pregunta es la que el Senador republicano estadounidense Tom Cotton contesta, alegando que Apple es una empresa traidora a la patria, que ayuda a los terroristas, y que además ayuda a los traficantes de drogas y violadores de menores, ya que no permite que las autoridades tengan acceso a los datos de los celulares que vende.

Sin embargo, es aquí en donde el gorilla de los 500Kg hace su aparición para el que todavía no lo ha visto...

Sucede, que es muy fácil dispararle balas a Apple y acusar la empresa de ser "amigable a terroristas" (cosa que obviamente es totalmente opuesto a la realidad), por lo que pueden tener seguros que aquí "hay gato encerrado".

Ese gato encerrado, o gorilla de 500Kg o como lo quieran llamar, es que de este caso dependerá literalmente el futuro de nuestra privacidad personal en la red. Y no hablo simplemente de los ciudadanos estadounidenses, ya que (1) los iPhones se venden en todo el mundo, y (2) como bien sabemos el resto del mundo es bastante mono a la hora de copiar cualquier tendencia estadounidense.

Si Apple sucumbe, y da acceso al FBI a ese celular, eso logrará dos cosas monumentalmente peligrosas para la sociedad en general.

La primera, es que sentará un precedente judicial que hará que todas las otras empresas puedan ser demandadas por el FBI (o cualquier otra entidad gubernamental), para obligarlas a proveerles acceso a nuestros datos.

Y la segunda, es que a diferencia de lo que alega el FBI que hace eso para protegernos, esto al largo plazo será la manera más segura de que cualquiera obtenga los medios para lastimarnos. ¿Cómo? Siéntense bien y procedan al próximo párrafo...

Sucede, que cualquier tecnología que el FBI pueda poseer para espiar en los ciudadanos, tarde o temprano estará también disponible en manos de "los malos", los mismos terroristas de los cuales el FBI supuestamente nos quiere proteger.

¿Lo dudan? Pues lean aquí sobre como hace apenas un par de semanas unos hackers lograron acceso a las redes del FBI, así como a los registros personales de más de 22,000 empleados de esa institución.

Y lo peor de todo es, que si Apple abre una puerta trasera a sus productos, que después que cualquiera tenga acceso a la llave maestra, será solo cuestión de tiempo para que esa llave llegue al mercado negro, y ya no solo será el FBI que tendrá acceso a los datos personales de cualquier iPhone, sino que también tendrá acceso a ellos cualquier otro gobierno, o Al-Qaeda, o ISIS, y cualquier otro grupo terrorista o criminal que lo desee y esté dispuesto a pagar por ello.

Pero peor de todo, es que si se sienta el precedente, ya no solo será a iPhones que tendrán acceso, sino a cualquier otro dispositivo al cual el FBI demande acceso por la vía legal. Y eso se expandirá a Android, iPads, laptops, PCs, relojes inteligentes, etc, y posteriormente citando el mismo precedente a hogares inteligentes, autos inteligentes, y cualquier otro dispositivo electrónico que se puedan imaginar.

Pero la cosa no se queda ahí, el FBI, citando el mismo precedente, también va a poder demandar acceso a cualquier red social (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, etc), así como a cualquier sistema de mensajería como GMail, Whatsapp, Telegram, Snapchat, etc.

Y lo peor de todo es que sería algo hecho totalmente en vano, porque desde el momento que los chicos malos sepan que los canales tradicionales ya no son seguros, sencillamente elaborarán otros mecanismos seguros para su uso ilícito (como es bueno aclarar, ya existen y se venden en el mercado negro, y son utilizados activamente por grupos terroristas).

Por lo que al final del día con lo único que terminaremos es con un escenario en donde (1) los terroristas seguirán haciendo de las suyas, (2) el gobierno tendrá control total de invadir nuestra privacidad en cualquier momento, donde sea, y en cualquier dispositivo, y (3) terminamos con un mundo mucho más inseguro en donde cualquier ciudadano puede ser investigado o espiado ilícitamente tanto por los que abusen de su autoridad gubernamental, como los terroristas de los cuales el FBI supuestamente nos quiere proteger.

Y les pregunto a ustedes, ¿de verdad creen que el FBI no sabe todo esto que les estoy diciendo? Pues claro que lo saben, pero lo que desean es control, independientemente de las repercusiones.

Así que al final del día, ya entienden por qué aplaudo a Tim Cook y a Apple, pues aquí el tema tiene poco que ver con querer resolver un caso de homicidio, y mucho más que ver con lo que sería el futuro del derecho a la privacidad en nuestras vidas...

Actualización 1: Pocas horas después de escribir este artículo, Facebook se unió a Google anunciando su apoyo a Apple en esta lucha de derechos civiles.

Actualización 2: Twitter ahora también apoya a Apple.

Actualización 3: Curiosa (e irónicamente), Bill Gates ha declarado su apoyo al FBI, mientras que Microsoft a Apple.

Actualización 4: La Fundación Mozilla (los que crean y mantienen al navegador web Firefox) también han expresado su apoyo a Apple.

Actualización 5: Un juez federal de EEUU en New York se pone de lado de Apple, un día antes de una audiencia federal ante el Congreso de los EEUU.

Actualización 6: Apple hoy 1ro de Marzo 2016 se presenta ante el Congreso de los EEUU para una audición especial en donde expone su caso para defenderse de las demandas del FBI en relación al tema de que el FBI quiere que Apple modifique a iOS en el iPhone para crear una llave maestra que permita que las autoridades tengan acceso a nuestros datos privados.

Las palabras exactas que utilizará Apple hoy para iniciar el debate, que creo son palabras de extrema importancia para todos los que valoramos el derecho a nuestra privacidad, las pueden leer en este enlace dentro del grupo oficial de eliax en Facebook.

Actualización 7: A los interesados en los asuntos técnicos de este tema, les recomiendo leer este excelentísimo artículo por la EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation).

Actualización 8: Video completo (5 horas) de la audiencia de Apple y el FBI ante el Congreso de los EEUU. Lo pueden ver aquí.

Actualización 9: Estas otras empresas han expresado abiertamente su apoyo a Apple: Airbnb, AT&T, Atlassian, Automattic, CloudFlare, eBay, GitHub, Intel, Kickstarter, LinkedIn, Mapbox, Medium, Meetup, Reddit, Square, Squarespace, Twilio, Twitter y Wickr.

Actualización 10: El ex-Director de la NSA y la CIA, Michael Hayden, también se pone (curiosamente) del lado de Apple.

Actualización 11: Un juez ordena retrasar el juicio del FBI contra Apple hasta el 5 de Abril, para darle oportunidad al FBI a acceder a los datos en el celular "de alguna otra forma alternativa". Si el FBI tiene éxito, el juez ordenará un paro inmediato al juicio.

Actualización 12: El FBI ya pudo entrar al iPhone en cuestión con los servicios de una empresa de seguridad israelí que se especializa en encontrar vulnerabilidades de software para romper la protección de sistemas. Documento oficial (PDF)

Leer 116 Comentarios


          U.S. military sees decline in Iran-linked bombs in Iraq   

WASHINGTON — Islamic Republic Of Iran may be curtailing the flowing into Republic Of Iraq of deadly armor-piercing missiles that have got go a major slayer of U.S. troops, although more than clip is needed to corroborate the trend, Defense Secretary Henry Martin Robert Bill Gates and senior military functionaries said Thursday.

The figure of explosively formed missiles (EFPs) that have got been detonated or establish in Republic Of Republic Of Iraq have dropped by nearly half in recent months, from a extremum of 99 in July to 53 last month, Lt. Gen. Raymond Odierno, the commanding officer in complaint of day-to-day military trading operations in Iraq, said Thursday in a videoconference with Pentagon reporters.


Drop in violenceViolence in Republic Of Iraq have declined by respective measurements over the past four months, according to U.S. armed forces data, a development that Bill Gates hailed as a success.

But in response to a inquiry during a separate Pentagon briefing, he stopped short of saying the United States is "winning" in Iraq.

"Those end up being laden words," Bill Gates said. "We have got been very successful. We necessitate to go on being successful."

Iranian leadership have got given self-assurances to the Iraki authorities that they will seek to halt the flowing of the missiles and other arms from Iran, Bill Gates said, but he added: "I don't cognize whether to believe them."

He also said: "It's too early to tell" whether the flowing have been significantly reduced.

Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Muhammad Ali Khamenei, is "probably" aware of the arms flowing to Iraq, Bill Gates said. "My conjecture is that the peak degrees are aware," he said.

"I don't cognize how they couldn't be," added Adm. Michael Mullen, president of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Islamic Republic Of Iran have denied providing arms to Iraki reserves and insurgents.


Caches still foundU.S. forces have got continued to happen caches of EFPs, including one of the biggest ever a hebdomad ago, Odierno said, but he noted that the uncovered cargoes could predate any understanding to decelerate the flowing of weapons.

The Shrub disposal have got ratcheted up pressure level and rhetoric against Iran, including the infliction of fiscal countenances last month, and President Shrub recently warned of Iran's atomic aspirations in the linguistic context of a possible "World War III."

Although senior Pentagon and military functionaries have stressed that military action against Islamic Republic Of Islamic Republic Of Islamic Republic Of Islamic Republic Of Iran would be a last resort, Bill Gates said that there is no difference inside the disposal over the rule of resolving struggles with Iran diplomatically.

National Security Council spokesman Gordon Johndroe emphasized that Islamic Republic Of Islamic Republic Of Iran have not "shown at this point any willingness to play a positive function in Iraq," and said it is too soon to find whether Iran is playing any portion in curtailing the flowing of arms into Iraq.


          By: M. David Peterson   
<p>@Jain Berlor,</p> <p>With all due respect, WTF?</p> <p>On more than several levels, I find your comments offensive.</p> <p>Firstly, at a personal level: I charge my clients upwards of $325/hr, more if it requires extensive travel. I've been volunteering my time to Professor Lessig now for the last couple of years for several reasons, but at the top of that list is the fact that I have gained more from Professor Lessigs' work than could ever be returned in the form of a paycheck.</p> <p>Secondly, how much have you gained from his tireless and in many ways, thankless work? With all due respect, have some God damn respect, you arrogant prick.</p> <p>Thirdly, Professor Lessig is not a rich man. Wait, scratch that: He is a rich man: He has a family that loves him, a community that appreciates and supports him for who he is and what he does, and a University that supports him financially. Bill Gates he is not, at least from a financial perspective. Bill Gates he is -- or better said -- a loving, compassionate, cares more about the positive effect his work has on man kind more so than what his pocket book alone could have on mankind is what Lawrence Lessig -- the man -- is all about.</p> <p>From what I can gather, you have no clue what I am referring to.</p> <p>And don't ever undervalue my or anybody else's work -- especially Professors Lessig's work -- again. Believe it or not, there are more important things on this planet to may of us who care about more things than ourselves, something you quite obviously have no fucking clue about. So do me a favor. Shut the fuck up.</p>
             
A picture named dogCowFarting.gifNews.Com: Your chance to meet Bill Gates. Doc Searls would love this. Microsoft has no taste, they love the junk created by users. Meanwhile Uncle Steve is "trying to help in some small way" by sending bloggers to jail. Doc called it, in 1997. "The influence of developers, even influential developers like you, will be minimal. The influence of customers and users will be held in even higher contempt."
          " Universidad... ¿el paso siguiente de la educación?   

El día Lunes he estado en clases en la prestigiosa escuela de Derecho de la Universidad de Chile. Y tenido la oportunidad de Conocer a Sergio Micco, profesor de la Universidad de Chile, y postulante a la Camara Baja por el distritio de Talcahuano. Despues de terminar la clase, con Vlado Mirosevic hemos tenido la oportunidad de Charlar un poco con el, y el tema fue si las Universidades eran realmente una solución o un camino para ser exitoso.
El nos mencionaba que por ejemplo, que Cristo, para mover tanatas masas, y para ser conocido, no fue necesario que fuera a la universidad. Yo mencionaría tambien, por ejemplo, a Bill Gates, Fundador de Microsoft y el ser que tiene mas dinero en el mundo, que no le fue necesario ir a la universidad para inventar un software, y revolucionar el mundo de la tecnologia a la sola edad de 19 años.
Mencionare un Caso Chileno: Leo Prieto. El entro a la Universidad, estudoi dos años arquitectura... pero realmente lo que hace ahora no tiene nada que ver con lo que estudio.Unos de los primeros en diseñar paginas web en Chile, y a los 25 años vive del provecho que el le saca a la tecnología.
Al leer estas historias, uno puede reflexionar y sacar conclusiones propias de lo que uno puede a ser con su vida. Es verdad que la educacion no nos has preparado para vivier de habilidades, si no de conocimiento.Pero es la hora de cambiar ese pensamiento: la Universidad NO te asegura la vida, para nada del mundo. Reflexionemos

          Comment on Bill Gates tiết lộ Infographic về những loài vật giết người nhiều nhất thế giới by pop over to this site   
<strong>or talk about your dreams and what</strong> you think they mean.2. spell check and proof- read your work after you have finished. a blog with loads of spelling mistakes and grammar issues will not get loads of people returning, a spell checked blog looks and fells more professional
          Den judiska rabbin som välsignade mig    

Bader Mansour är grundare av teknikföretaget NASDAQ i Nasaret. Han är kristen palestinier med Israelisk medborgarskap, och ordförande i Association of Baptist Churches in Israel
Jag har aldrig träffat Bader men vi har haft kontakt med varandra sen 2008.
  
Även om jag inte är jude har jag många gånger fått hälsningar inför judiska helgdagar. Och genom attvara en israelisk medborgare, får du en hel del av dessa automatiska hälsningar via e-post.

Men i år skickade endast en person mig en påskhälsning, den ökända medlem i medlemmen Israelslagstiftande församling , Bezalel Smotrich. (Jag har verkligen ingen aning om hur jag kom hans sändlista.)

Tidigare denna månad, Smotrich
rättfärdiga att sjukhus skulle segregera judiska och arabiska födande mödrar genom att säga att han "inte vill hans fru ligger bredvid en kvinna vars barn kommer att mörda mitt barn om 20 år". Denna fråga var hetsigt debatterade i Israel men snabbt försvann på grund av en annan kontroversiell uttalande som gjordes mot araber, denna gång från någon du förväntar dig mer av på grund av sin ställning - ledare för den israeliska oppositionen, Bougie Herzog, som berättade för några supportrar att vi "måste sluta att uppfattas som Arab älskare ".

Den här veckan, fölls en demonstration i Tel-Aviv för att lägga mer ved på brasan av hat med banderoller "Död åt araberna" visades. Tyvärr är dessa hatiska uttalanden från offentliga personer som skapar en bördig mark för ytterligare diskriminering av arabiska medborgare i Israel.

Mitt i att
jag tänkte på alla dessa uttalanden denna vecka fick jag ett mail från en messiansk judisk advokat, som skrev: "Jag tror att Israel har en kallelse att vara ett ljus för nationerna. Vi gör det säkert i dag i området för teknik och medicinska framsteg. ".

Jag har varit involverad i teknik i Israel under många år. Jag har alltid beundrat entreprenörer inom detta område, från Israel och från hela världen, men med all respekt för andra, enligt min mening de verkliga hjältarna
i hi-tech är grundarna som Bill Gates och Mark Zuckerburg som donerar 99% av deras betydande förmögenhet till välgörenhet.

I Israel, är mina tekniska hjältar är inte de framgångsrika företag som gjort stora "exits". Jag är mer imponerad av de underbara judar som bidrar till en positiv utveckling av hi-tech-sektorn inom den mindre gynnade arabiska befolkningen i Nasaret och Kafr Kasem. Som en icke jude som boroch arbetatar bland judar i många år, det fanns människor som agerat för mig som ett ljus på vägen. Liksom den modiga judiska kvinna som anställde mig, trots viss tvekan i hennes sällskap för att anställa araber, eller den judiske mannen i Boston som erbjöd mig att bo gratis när jag var en ung teknik konsult. Dessa är några av de hjältar som jag sett i mitt liv, i egenskap av ett ljus för världen omkring dem.

Tänk
er igen sjukhus och förlossningssalar jag skulle dela min historia. Jag föddes i en av de stora allmänna sjukhus i Jerusalem 1968, följande gratulationskort som min mor Evelyn fick från sjukhusets Rabbi.

May you live to see your children’s children—peace be on Israel (Psalms 128:6)
Children are a heritage from the Lord, offspring a reward from him (Psalms 127:3)

Dear Mrs. Evelyn Mansour, I send you greetings for the birth of your son. May you live to raise him to love the Bible, to be in his wedding and that he may do well in life.

I am also presenting you with a gift. A book for instructions for good life. If you read it and live by it, you and your family household will be happy. Blessings, Rabbi Yaacov Rakovski, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem

Jag är inte säker på att min mor behöll häftet men säkert fick hon certifikatet och höll dessa verser från Bibeln som en kraftfull inflytande i sitt liv.I min mors uppgift ingick att uppfostra tre barn i Herrens fruktan. 2003 ( då en mormor till 3), förklarades hon nästan död, men Herren gav henne ytterligare sju år under vilken tid hon hade nöjet att se ytterligare fyra barnbarn läggs till sin familj, innan hon avled 2010.

Det judisk
e rabbin Hadassah sjukhuset var ett ljus för mig, eftersom han delade Guds Ord från Bibeln med mig och min mamma. Han valde Guds kärlek framför segregering av människor.

I denna påsk
tid,  önskar jag alla judar överallt glad en helg, inklusive Smotrich, Herzog och andra. Min tro som kristen lärt mig att vara ljus för världen, och jag har beslutat att tända ett ljus i stället för att förbanna mörkret.  Bader Mansour 25 april 2016 

Texten ör översatt av EB med godkännande för spridning av Bader Mansour .
Orginaltexten kan läsas här: The Jewish Rabbi that Blessed me 

Läs mer om  Bezalel Smotrich
Läs mer om Bader Mansours förtag  NASDAQ 
Läs tidigare Ingenjörer i Nasaret 


Läs även andra bloggares åsikter om   

           APOYO TOTAL A LA HUELGA DE LIMPIEZA VIARIA   
El próximo 5 de noviembre comienza una huelga indefinida en los servicios de limpieza del ayuntamiento de Madrid

La  sección sindical de la CNT-AIT en el ayuntamiento apoya incondicionalmente la huelga de los/as trabajadores/as de limpieza viaria. Trabajadores/as que jamás debieron dejar de hacerlo directamente para el ayuntamiento de Madrid como único pagador.

Las empresas concesionarias de la limpieza viaria de Madrid son: OHL, del señor Villar Mir (el que declaró que había pagado sobres al partido popular y no solo a este partido, sino también a los sindicatos vendeobreros CCOO  y UGT); FCC, empresa de las Koplowitz y sobre la que ahora, olisqueando la carroña, vuela el multimillonario Bill Gates con la compra de un 6% de la compañía; y Valoriza (del grupo Sacyr Vallehermoso), otra compañía como las anteriores, que se han forrado con el ladrillo hasta que no había nada que rascar y ahora, entre otros negocios, se dedican a explotar a nuestros compañeros/as de limpieza viaria, con el contubernio de toda la clase política y el apoyo encubierto de los “sindicatos” del estado.

Se habla del despido de 1400 compañeros/as y seguro que ninguno de ellos será miembro de uno de los distintos comités de empresa. Esto de una sola tacada, pero ya se llevan realizando EREs encubiertos: hace unos días despidieron a 23 compañeros de OHL, precisamente los más molestos,   para  aterrorizar al resto de la plantilla.

La única solución es la huelga indefinida, la presión por parte de todo el pueblo de Madrid para obligar al ayuntamiento a romper el contrato con esta panda de explota-trabajadores y contratar directamente a las plantillas de limpieza, eliminando los beneficios de estas jodidas empresas que nunca debieron venir a llevarse el sudor de nuestros compañeros y los beneficios, repartiéndoselos en paraísos fiscales y sobres a diestro y siniestro.

Por último, la CNT reivindica que, aparte de los EREs, una de las exigencias de la huelga debe ser la readmisión incondicional de los/as compañeros/as que ya han sido puestos en la calle.

¡¡FUERA LAS EMPRESAS!!

LOS/AS TRABAJADORES/AS Y EL PUEBLO DE MADRID NO LAS NECESITAMOS 

          5 Killer Techniques On How To Be A Player   
Be a Player: Some guys get all the young ladies-how would you like to be one of them? You don’t have to have the looks of Brad Pitt or the bank account of Bill Gates. Being rich and flashy isn’t always the solution to your woes. You could be a geek, but still be an […]
          dtd xsd   
dtd:

声明一个元素

在 DTD 中,XML 元素通过元素声明来进行声明。元素声明使用下面的语法:

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 类别>

或者

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (元素内容)>

空元素

空元素通过类别关键词EMPTY进行声明:

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 EMPTY>

例子:

<!ELEMENT br EMPTY>

XML例子:

<br />

只有 PCDATA 的元素

只有 PCDATA 的元素通过圆括号中的 #PCDATA 进行声明:

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (#PCDATA)>

例子:

<!ELEMENT from (#PCDATA)>

带有任何内容的元素

通过类别关键词 ANY 声明的元素,可包含任何可解析数据的组合:

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 ANY>

例子:

<!ELEMENT note ANY>

带有子元素(序列)的元素

带有一个或多个子元素的元素通过圆括号中的子元素名进行声明:

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (子元素名称 1)>

或者

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (子元素名称 1,子元素名称 2,.....)>

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (to,from,heading,body)>

当子元素按照由逗号分隔开的序列进行声明时,这些子元素必须按照相同的顺序出现在文档中。在一个完整的声明中,子元素也必须被声明,同时子元素也可拥有子元素。"note" 元素的完整声明是:

<!ELEMENT note (to,from,heading,body)>
<!ELEMENT to      (#PCDATA)>
<!ELEMENT from    (#PCDATA)>
<!ELEMENT heading (#PCDATA)>
<!ELEMENT body    (#PCDATA)>

声明只出现一次的元素

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (子元素名称)>

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (message)>

上面的例子声明了:message 子元素必须出现一次,并且必须只在 "note" 元素中出现一次。

声明最少出现一次的元素

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (子元素名称+)>

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (message+)>

上面的例子中的加号声明了:message 子元素必须在 "note" 元素内出现至少一次。

声明出现零次或多次的元素

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (子元素名称*)>

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (message*)>

上面的例子中的星号声明了:子元素 message 可在 "note" 元素内出现零次或多次。

声明出现零次或一次的元素

<!ELEMENT 元素名称 (子元素名称?)>

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (message?)>

上面的例子中的问号声明了:子元素 message 可在 "note" 元素内出现零次或一次。

声明“非.../既...”类型的内容

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (to,from,header,(message|body))>

上面的例子声明了:"note" 元素必须包含 "to" 元素、"from" 元素、"header" 元素,以及非 "message" 元素既 "body" 元素。

声明混合型的内容

例子:

<!ELEMENT note (#PCDATA|to|from|header|message)*>

上面的例子声明了:"note" 元素可包含出现零次或多次的 PCDATA、"to"、"from"、"header" 或者 "message"。

在 DTD 中,属性通过 ATTLIST 声明来进行声明。

声明属性

属性声明拥使用下列语法:

<!ATTLIST 元素名称 属性名称 属性类型 默认值>

DTD 实例:

<!ATTLIST payment type CDATA "check">

XML 实例:

<payment type="check" />

以下是属性类型的选项:

类型 描述
CDATA 值为字符数据 (character data)
(en1|en2|..) 此值是枚举列表中的一个值
ID 值为唯一的 id
IDREF 值为另外一个元素的 id
IDREFS 值为其他 id 的列表
NMTOKEN 值为合法的 XML 名称
NMTOKENS 值为合法的 XML 名称的列表
ENTITY 值是一个实体
ENTITIES 值是一个实体列表
NOTATION 此值是符号的名称
xml: 值是一个预定义的 XML 值

默认值参数可使用下列值:

解释
属性的默认值
#REQUIRED 属性值是必需的
#IMPLIED 属性不是必需的
#FIXED value 属性值是固定的

规定一个默认的属性值

DTD:

<!ELEMENT square EMPTY>
<!ATTLIST square width CDATA "0">

合法的 XML:

<square width="100" />

在上面的例子中,"square" 被定义为带有 CDATA 类型的 "width" 属性的空元素。如果宽度没有被设定,其默认值为0 。

#IMPLIED

语法

<!ATTLIST 元素名称 属性名称 属性类型 #IMPLIED>

例子

DTD:

<!ATTLIST contact fax CDATA #IMPLIED>

合法的 XML:

<contact fax="555-667788" />

合法的 XML:

<contact />

假如您不希望强制作者包含属性,并且您没有默认值选项的话,请使用关键词 #IMPLIED。

#REQUIRED

语法

<!ATTLIST 元素名称 属性名称 属性类型 #REQUIRED>

例子

DTD:

<!ATTLIST person number CDATA #REQUIRED>

合法的 XML:

<person number="5677" />

非法的 XML:

<person />

假如您没有默认值选项,但是仍然希望强制作者提交属性的话,请使用关键词 #REQUIRED。

#FIXED

语法

<!ATTLIST 元素名称 属性名称 属性类型 #FIXED "value">

例子

DTD:

<!ATTLIST sender company CDATA #FIXED "Microsoft">

合法的 XML:

<sender company="Microsoft" />

非法的 XML:

<sender company="W3School" />

如果您希望属性拥有固定的值,并不允许作者改变这个值,请使用 #FIXED 关键词。如果作者使用了不同的值,XML 解析器会返回错误。

列举属性值

语法:

<!ATTLIST 元素名称 属性名称 (en1|en2|..) 默认值>

DTD 例子:

<!ATTLIST payment type (check|cash) "cash">

XML 例子:

<payment type="check" />

或者

<payment type="cash" />

如果您希望属性值为一系列固定的合法值之一,请使用列举属性值。

实体是用于定义用于定义引用普通文本或特殊字符的快捷方式的变量。

实体引用是对实体的引用。

实体可在内部或外部进行声明。

一个内部实体声明

语法:

<!ENTITY 实体名称 "实体的值">

例子:

DTD 例子:

<!ENTITY writer "Bill Gates">
<!ENTITY copyright "Copyright W3School.com.cn">

XML 例子:

<author>&writer;&copyright;</author>

注释: 一个实体由三部分构成: 一个和号 (&), 一个实体名称, 以及一个分号 (;)。

一个外部实体声明

语法:

<!ENTITY 实体名称 SYSTEM "URI/URL">

例子:

DTD 例子:

<!ENTITY writer SYSTEM "http://www.w3school.com.cn/dtd/entities.dtd">
<!ENTITY copyright SYSTEM "http://www.w3school.com.cn/dtd/entities.dtd">

XML 例子:

<author>&writer;&copyright;</author>


疯狂 2010-01-21 22:44 发表评论

          Conoce con FRASOS las mejores frases y citas célebres   

En estos tiempos de redes sociales, móviles, tablets, etc, es esencial compartir cosas éticas, educativas, o simplemente por diversión, de calidad. Y con Frasos podrás ver una infinidad de citas célebres de personajes de actualidad, políticos, o personas que a lo largo de su vida han hecho comentarios o frases interesantes de todo tipo de temario.







En esta web encontrarás fácilmente frases en forma de texto y también en imagen, totalmente listas para compartir en tus redes sociales como Facebook, Twitter o Google+. Frases de amor, vergüenza, odio o pena se pueden leer en nuestra sección de categorías. Frases de diferentes autores, tan antiguas como Platón o Sócrates, pasando por paulo coelho, Steve Jobs, Bill Gates o Almodóvar, actores y actrices de renombre como Groucho Marx o Amparo Larrañaga.


Compartir frases filosóficas son muy típicas en Facebook, suelen ser recompartidas, y con bastante "likes". Personajes famosos, como suelen ser Bills Gates, Paulo Coelho o Groucho Marx. O compartir a esa persona que esta en un estado anímico bajo, con un de estas frases de amistad o superación para animarla y decir que siempre estarás con esa persona.


Por supuesto en Frasos se encuentran una infinidad de temas diferentes de citas y frases célebres sobre amor, desamor, odio, dinero, trabajo, soledad o felicidad. Y como no, también frases especiales para eventos como puede ser para un cumpleaños, un bautizo o para épocas navideñas.



          It's always fun to make fun of Microsoft   
bill gates
see more Political Pictures


          I was right about Bill Gates being wrong   

I caught a lot of criticism for saying that Bill Gates doesn't understand basic economics if he believes that robots should be taxed as "workers" because the loss of revenue to the government they represent is bad for the country.

Peter Schiff is a financial broker, analyst, and CEO. He sums up the inanity of Bill Gates perfectly........

"It's amazing how someone this smart can be so dumb! How many people directly lost their jobs due to computers? Robots are just more functi...onal computers. If the government had imposed large taxes on PCs and software its probable that no one would even know who Bill Gates is. All labor saving devices take people's jobs by definition. Does Gates believe all tools and equipment should be taxed, with the goal of making sure all work is done entirely by hand? If so, it's a good thing there was no stone age Bill Gates advising the cavemen." - Peter Schiff

          The Justin Bieber Of Chess Needed Less Than Two Minutes To Tear Apart Bill Gates   
You won't believe this but the best chess player in the world beat some old guy who is not a professional chess player.
          KUNCI SUKSES MENGEMBANGKAN USAHA   
Sukses adalah idaman setiap orang, tetapi mengapa jauh
lebih banyak orang yang gagal tidak hanya di Bisnis
tetapi juga tempat kerja ?

Menurut pengamatan yang dilakukan Andrew Ho (seorang
motivator) sekurang - kurangnya ada 14 PENYEBAB KEGAGALAN :

1. Tidak ada tujuan / goal yang tepat

2. Tidak pernah mencatat tujuan - Visualisasi tujuan

3. Tidak ingin bertanggung jawab atas segala tindakan -
selalu "mencari alasan" atas kegagalan yang terjadi

4. Tidak ada tindakan yang efektif - hanya sebatas rencana
dan pesimis

5. Pembatasan diri - menganggap diri tidak layak sukses.
Contoh : tidak berpendidikan, terlalu tua,
tidak punya uang

6. Malas - tidak kerja keras, maunya kerja sedikit hasil
melimpah

7. Berteman dengan teman yang "salah" - lebih banyak
berinteraksi dengan orang yang gagal, teman yang gagal
tidak pernah menunjukkan jalan menuju sukses

8. Kurang dalam mengatur waktu - lebih bayak waktu yang
tidak efektif

9. Salah memakai strategi - mungkin kerja keras, tapi hasil
nol

10. Kurang pengembangan diri - jarang baca buku /
mengumpulkan informasi terbaru dan sesuai dengan bidang
yang sedang ia tekuni

11. Tidak ada kesungguhan atau komitmen untuk sukses -
mudah putus asa atau menyerah saat menghadapi rintangan

12. Kurang menggunakan kekuatan bawah sadar

13. Kurangnya hubungan antarmanusia yang baik - sedikit
orang yang membantunya

14. Bodoh, Sombong dan menganggap diri sendiri paling hebat
dan berhenti belajar.

Dan berikut adalah 5 fakta tentang kesuksesan :

1. Tidak ada kaitannya dengan usia
- Nelson Mandela menjadi presiden usia 76 tahun
- Bill Gates menjadi orang terkaya didunia saat
berusia 41 tahun ia menghasilkan sekitar
US$ 60 juta perhari
- Marconi berhasil menciptakan telepon baru
berusia 27 tahun

2. Tidak ada kaitannya dengan warna kulit, bangsa,
agama dan keturunan
- Jenderal Colin Powell menjadi ahli politik terkenal,
keturunan kulit hitam di A.S
- Konfusius adalah anak yatim yang menjadi seorang filsuf
terkenal didunia

3. Tidak ada kaitanya dengan cacat fisik
- Napoleon Bonaparte miliki postur tubuh yang sangat
pendek dan wajah yang kurang menarik, tetapi ia bisa
menjadi pemimpin pasukan untuk mendirikan satu wilayah
besar di Eropa
- Bethoven adalah tuna rungu, namun dengan usaha kerasnya
ia akhirnya menjadi ahli musik terkenal.

4. Tidak ada kaitanya dengan tingkat pendidikan
- Henry Ford tidak pernah duduk dibangku sekolah, tetapi
menjadi Raja mobil dunia
- Thomas Alfa Edison menjadi ilmuwan walaupun
hanya lulusan SD.

5. Tidak ada kaitanya dengan latar belakang keluarga
- Abraham Lincoln lahir dari keluarga miskin, dengan
latar belakang tidak bisa dibanggakan. Namun setelah
bertahun-tahun berjuang, ia bisa menjadi
Presiden Amerika
- Water Disney hanyalah pemuda miskin dan mulai bekerja
pada usia 20an tahun, tetapi kurang dari 10 tahun
kemudian ia berhasil menjadi seorang usahawan terkenal.

Nah, dengan mengetahui sebab-sebab mengapa banyak orang
gagal dan 5 fakta tentang kesuksesan, semoga saja kita
termasuk orang-orang yang mendapatkan kesuksesan yang telah
kita cita-citakan.
          Peace Revolution episode 048: The Philosophy of Life / This is John Galt Speaking   
itunes pic

Notes, References, and Links for further study:

  1. Tragedy and Hope dot com
  2. Invitation to the Tragedy and Hope online community
  3. Log in page for the Tragedy and Hope online community
  4. Peace Revolution primary site (2009-2012)
  5. Peace Revolution backup stream (2006-2012)
    1. Includes the 9/11 Synchronicity Podcast (predecessor to Peace Revolution)
    2. These 2 podcasts amount to 250+ hours of commercial-free educational content, which formulate a comprehensive and conscious curriculum.
  6. Change your default settings from Google to Start Page!
    1. Start Page Search Firefox Add-On
  7. The Ultimate History Lesson dot com
  8. The Ultimate History Lesson Official Playlist (on YouTube)
  9. The Ultimate History Lesson (Torrents)
    1. (Video) The Ultimate History Lesson (5+ hours / 1080p HD mp4)
    2. (Audio) The Ultimate History Lesson + Commentary (16+ hours / mp3)
      1. If you’re interested in downloading the torrent versions, please send an email to: Editors@TragedyandHope.com with the word “torrent” in the subject line.
  10. What is a Torrent? (on Wikipedia)
    1. uTorrent (software to create and download torrent files)
  11. TRANSCRIPT for Episode 048: The Philosophy of Life
  12. Russell Means (on Wikipedia)
    1. www.RepublicofLakotah.org
    2. American Economic Collapse Imminent” interview with Alex Jones (on YouTube)
    3. Welcome to the Reservation” produced by Alex Jones & the Infowars Team
  13. TSA Greatest Liars on Earth” an editorial comment by Alex Jones & the Infowars Team
  14. “What means the number, 451?” from Fahrenheit 451, a 1966 film based on the book of the same name, by Ray Bradbury in 1953.
  15. Banning Fahrenheit 451: Why You Should Read It (on YouTube)
  16. Beyond SOPA: The Past, Present and Future of Internet Censorship” by James Corbett
    1. ACTA: Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Act (on YouTube)
  17. Vaccinations for Depopulation: Bill Gates and Sanjay Gupta (on YouTube)
  18. Dr. Richard Stallman interviewed by Alex Jones courtesy of Infowars.com
    1. Dr. Richard Stallman (on Wikipedia)
    2. www.Stallman.org
  19. Examples of how artists use the internet to spread their message:
    1. Free Talk Live with Ian Freeman, courtesy of Cody Hall
  20. The Tiny Dot: Larken Rose interviewed on Corbett Report Radio #55
  21. Atlas Shrugged” by Ayn Rand (on Wikipedia)
  22. This is John Galt Speaking” (on YouTube)
    1. Note: Galt is speaking to the plunderers, not the producers; to the irrational, not the rational. He is chastizing those who value illusions, and appealing to others who use reason.
    2. Note: Rand is less than comprehensively accurate in her description, as she succumbs to the fallacy of authority; which is indeed, a slippery slope. That being read, there is a great deal of useful information to be comprehended, removing contradictions as they are encountered; through which we are all empowered.
  23. If You were King” by Larken Rose (on YouTube)
  24. “The Most Dangerous Superstition” @ www.LarkenRose.com

Peace Revolution partner podcasts:

Corbett Report dot com

Media Monarchy dot com

Gnostic Media Podcast

School Sucks Project Podcast

Remedy Radio Podcast

Meria dot net

Other productions by members of the T&H network:

The Ultimate History Lesson: A Weekend with John Taylor Gatto (2012) a journey into the dark heart of public schooling, revealing how America became incoherent, one student at a time.

Navigating Netflix (2011) our video series wherein we conduct a critical analysis of films you might have missed; Navigating Netflix is available for free on YouTube.

"Memories of a Political Prisoner", an interview with Professor Chengiah Ragaven, graduate of Oxford, Cambridge, and Sussex; AFTER he was a political prisoner, who was exiled from South Africa, during Apartheid. (2011)

What You've Been Missing! (2011) is our video series focusing in on the history of corruption in our public education system.

Top Documentary Films dot com: Hijacking Humanity by Paul Verge (2006)

Top Documentary Films dot com: Exposing the Noble Lie (2010)

Top Documentary Films dot com: The Pharmacratic Inquisition by Jan Irvin (2007)

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          What This Multi-Billionaire Business Tycoon Would Tell You about Life   

Learning how to live life to the fullest is as difficult as living it the way you exactly want it. With that in mind, we pull off the best lessons this multi-billionaire learned from his own life and experiences. Know and adopt what Bill Gates would tell you if you ask him about life. The [...]

The post What This Multi-Billionaire Business Tycoon Would Tell You about Life appeared first on Rehab Center Near Me.


          Mark Zuckerberg makes $1.6 billion in a Week, net worth soars to all-time high   
Bolstered by surging revenues, the growing popularity of Facebook Live and the recent debut of a food-delivery service, shares of Facebook rose 1.5% Friday, finishing 3% above Monday’s opening price.

As the company heads toward its quarterly earnings announcement on November 2, the stock is now trading at an all-time high.

Mark Zuckerberg’s net worth, heavily tied to Facebook’s stock performance, has risen to a record $56.6 billion. 

The biggest beneficiary is, of course, Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s co founder and largest individual shareholder. This week alone Zuckerberg’s net worth increased by more than $1.6 billion to an estimated $56.6 billion; he is currently the fifth-wealthiest person in the world, according to FORBES’ real-time ranking of The World’s Billionaires, ahead of Mexico’s Carlos Slim, once the planet’s richest person.

Facebook has had an all-around stellar 2016. Shares are up over a quarter since January 1, despite briefly slumping soon after the New Year. As a result, Zuckerberg, who has a controlling voting interest in the company, jumped to fourth place on this year’s edition of The Forbes 400, up from seventh in 2015. He is now behind only Microsoft’s Bill Gates, Amazon’s Jeff Bezos and Berkshire Hathaway’s Warren Buffett.

Analysts remain almost universally confident that the social media giant will continue to post strong results. With Facebook’s third-quarter earnings report around the corner, the business is projected to bring in roughly $7 billion in revenue, driven by huge growth in video advertising, particularly on mobile.

Culled from www.forbes.com
Photo credit: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg

          QG Podcast 23 – Como seria bom se…   
Este é de longe o podcast mais maluco, psicodélico e sem sentido de todos os que gravamos. Marco, Léo, Harnest, Alan, Tohru e Suyama batem um papo insano sobre coisas que seriam muito melhores se fossem… diferentes. Não perca o celular que mede o humor das pessoas, Bill Gates tomando choques, um mundo dominado por […]
          Is Virtual Reality A Viable Investment?   
Bill Gates once stated, “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten.” To put things in perspective, the first iPhone was introduced less than 10 years ago, the first consumer available GPS less than [...]
          Gates again invokes possible military action against Iran   

: A military onslaught against Islamic Republic Of Iran stays an option should the Center East state go on to prosecute its atomic ambitions, Defense Secretary Henry Martin Robert Bill Gates suggested Tuesday.

"This is not about changing the government in Iran," Bill Gates told a grouping of community leadership at a Whiteman Air Military Unit Base lunch. "It's about getting the government in Islamic Republic Of Islamic Republic Of Iran to change its behavior, and its policies."

Talk of a possible U.S. onslaught on Iran have surfaced frequently this year, prompted in some lawsuits by hard-line statements by White Person House officials. President Saint George W. Shrub have said that Iran's continued chase of atomic weaponry could take to World War III.

While Bill Bill Gates have got previously emphasized diplomatic negotiations and the usage of economical sanctions, he told an audience member at the officers' baseball club lunch, "We have to maintain all of our options open."

At the same time, Gates added, "My ain position is that another warfare is the last thing the Center East necessitates right now." Today in Americas

He was responding to a inquiry on whether diplomatic negotiations could assist Islamic Republic Of Iran move away from the atomic option or would it ultimately will necessitate military force.

The little visual aspect marked a homecoming for Gates, a indigen of Wichita, Kansas, who began his military calling as a 2nd lieutenant at the alkali 75 statute miles (120 kilometers) east of Sunflower State City. Bill Gates later served as manager of the Central Intelligence Agency under the first President Saint George H.W. Bush. He was appointed secretary of defence in November 2006, succeeding Donald Rumsfeld.

Gates' address was primarily a remembrance of the two old age he spent at Whiteman Air Military Unit Base in the late 1960s before embarking on a 26-year calling with the CIA. He did not take inquiries from newsmen but responded to four inquiries from members of the alkali community council. The council is a support grouping consisting of elective functionaries and civic leadership from 17 encompassing metropolises and towns.

One audience member asked Bill Gates about possible struggles with China, which the defence secretary visited earlier this month.

He assured the council members that despite China's "lack of transparency" over its military expansion, growing defence budget and an anti-satellite experimental conducted in January, the Communist state is an of import U.S. ally.

"We have got immense common interests, above all economic," said Gates, who met with Chinese President Hu Jintao and other top leadership on his recent Asia visit. He also traveled to South Korean Peninsula and Japan.

Gates also addressed the continuing warfare in Iraq, noting that despite continued troubles in Baghdad, the warfare attempt in Republic Of Republic Of Iraq have seen "significant improvement" in the outlying provinces.


          Stock Market as Econophysics Toy Problem   
Consider a typical stock market. It consists of a number of stocks that show various rates of growth, R. Say that these have an average growth rate, r. Then by the Maximum Entropy Principle, the probability distribution function is:
pr(R) = 1/r*exp(-R/r)
We can solve this for an expected valuation, x, of some arbitrary stock after time, t.
n(x|t) = ∫ pr(R) δ(x-Rt) dR
This reduces to the marginal distribution:
n(x|t) = 1/(rt) * exp(-x/(rt))
In general, the growth of a stock only occurs over some average time, τ, which has its own Maximum Entropy probability distribution:
p(t) = 1/τ *exp(-t/τ)
So when the expected growth is averaged over expected times we get this integral:
n(x) = ∫ n(x|t) p(t) dt
We have almost solved our problem, but this integration reduces to an ugly transcendental function K0 otherwise known as a modified Bessel function of the second kind and order 0.
n(x) = 2/(rτ) * K0(2*sqrt(x/(rτ) ))
Fortunately, the K0 function is available on any spreadsheet program (Excel, OpenOffice, etc) as the function BESSELK(X;0).

Let us try it out. I took 3500 stocks over the last decade (since 1999), and plotted the histogram of all rates of return below.


The red line is the Maximum Entropy model for the expected rate of return, n(x) where x is the rate of return. This has only a single adjustable parameter, the aggregate value rτ. We line this up with the peak which also happens to coincide with the mean return value. For the 10 year period, rτ = 2, essentially indicating an average doubling in the valuation of the average stock. This doesn't say anything about the stock market as a whole, which turned out pretty flat over the decade, only that certain high-rate-of-return stocks upped the average (much like the story of Bill Gates entering a room of average wage earners).

The following figure shows a Monte Carlo simulation where I draw 3500 samples from a rτ value of 1. This gives an idea of the amount of counting noise we might see.

I should point out that the MaxEnt model shows very little by way of excessively fat tails at high returns. A stock has to both survive a long time and grow at a rapid enough rate to get too far out in the tail. You see that in the data as only a couple of the stocks have returns greater than 100x. I don't rule out the possibility of high-return tails but we would need to put even more disorder in the pr(R) distribution than the MaxEnt provides for a mean return rate. The actual data seems a bit sharper and has more outliers than the Monte Carlo simulation, indicating some subtlety that I probably have missed. Yet, this demonstrates how to use the Maximum Entropy Principle most effectively -- you should only include the parameters that you can defend. From this minimal set of constraints you observe how far this can take you. In this case, I could only defend some concept of mean in rτ and then you get a distribution that reflects the uncertainty you have in the rest of the parameter space.

The stock market with its myriad of players follows an entropic model to first-order. All the agents seem to fill up the state space so that we can get a parsimonious fit to the data with an almost laughably simple econophysics model. For this model, the distribution curve on a log-log plot will always take on exactly that skewed shape (excepting for statistical noise of course) -- it will only shift laterally depending the general direction of the market.

The stock market becomes essentially a toy problem, no different than the explanation of statistical mechanics you may encounter in a physics course.

Has anyone else figured this out?

[EDIT]
Besides the slight fat-tail, which may be due to potential compounding growth similar to that found in individual incomes, the sharper peak may also have a second-order basis. This could result from a behavior called implied correlation which measures the synchronized behavior among stocks in the market. According to recent measurements, the correlation has hit all-time highs (the last around October 5). Qualitatively a high correlation would imply that the average growth rate r would show much less dispersion in that variate, and the dispersion would only apply to the length of time, t, that a stock rides the crest. Correlation essentially removes one of the parameters of variability from the model and the distribution sharpens up. The stock distribution then becomes the following simple damped exponential instead of the Bessel.
n(x) = 1/(rτ) * exp(-x/(rτ))
The figure below shows what happens when about 40% of the stocks would show this correlation (in green). The other 60% show independent variability or dispersion in the rates as per the original model.

I don't think this makes the collective stock behavior and more complex. I think it makes it simpler in fact. Implied correlation actually points to the future in the stock market. Dispersion in stock returns will narrow as all stocks move in unison. It makes it even more of a toy, with computers potentially dictating all movements.

Implied correlation has risen in the last few years (from here)




References
I personally don't deal with the stock market, preferring to watch it from afar. I found a few papers that try to understand this effect, but most just try to brute force fit it to various distributions.
  1. Analysis of same data from Seeking Alpha
  2. This paper is close but no cigar. It looks like they "detrend" the data to get of the skew, which I think misses the point :
    "Microscopic origin of non-Gaussian distributions of financial returns" (2007)
  3. This book has info on the Bessel distribution:
    "Return distributions in finance", J. Knight and S. Satchell
  4. Interesting from an econophysics perspective.
  5. This book appears worthless:
    "Fat-Tailed and Skewed Asset Return Distributions", S.T. Rachev, F.J. Fabozzi, C Menn

          Udemy targets international students with support for 9 foreign languages   

Online learning platform Udemy announced today that its site will support ten foreign languages and hit the milestone of one million students.

Udemy is a well-known provider of massive open online courses, otherwise known as MOOCs. It offers videos and live lectures from hundreds of expert instructors, giving people opportunities to expand their knowledge base and skill sets.

Related posts:
  1. Digital Nation on PBS
  2. Bill Gates on the Future of Education – It Comes From the Web
  3. Flip Co-Founder Launches Learning Network – Knowmia

          Veille   

Je me disais récemment que la fameuse révolution de Google plus, les cercles, n'apportait pas grand chose par rapport à des envois de mails à des listes ciblées de contact. L'envie m'a donc pris ce ouikende de refaire une revue de oueb à l'ancienne, sous forme de mail. Je la copie-colle ici. Le temps m'a malheureusement manqué pour parler de tout ce que j'ai vu passer cette semaine, ce n'est donc qu'un résumé très partiel.

Chaque bâton est une vie brisée

C'est une histoire tristement banale. Une famille Rom, 4 adultes et 6 enfants de 2 à 11 ans, fuit les persécutions en Serbie et se réfugie dans le Massif Central. Début Août ils sont arrêtés et conduits au centre de rétention de Lille. Dix heures de voitures alors que la mère est enceinte. Fait rare, un magistrat lillois estime que cela constitue un « traitement inhumain et dégradant » et ordonne qu'ils soient relâchés. Ils retournent alors dans le Massif Central où la mère est hospitalisée pour un décollement du placenta. Mais les flics s'acharnent. Le premier septembre, la famille est à nouveau arrêtée et conduite dans un centre de rétention, à Rouen cette fois, pour l'éloigner des nombreux habitants qui en Auvergne l'avaient prise sous leur protection. Le lundi 4 septembre, alors que les enfants auraient dû faire leur rentrée, un avion spécialement affrété les expulsait. Les flics ont voulu faire vite, pour empêcher un juge de se pencher sur la procédure. Et ils ont bien fait, puisque quelques minutes après le décollage de l'avion, un magistrat annulait effectivement la mesure de placement en rétention. Trop tard. Guéant peut se réjouir, ses chiffres affichent 10 expulsions de plus. Peu importe le coût de ces expulsions, les risques de nouvelles persécutions pour la famille à son arrivée en Serbie, le traumatisme pour les enfants, la colère des soutiens, la justice bafouée.

Sources: le Réseau Éducation Sans Frontière et la Compagnie Jolie Môme

La vie des grands prédateurs

Apple a longtemps été considérée comme une alternative au modèle Microsoft. Et pourtant, plus Steve Jobs vieillit, plus les méthodes de la pomme me font penser à celles du vendeur de fenêtres. Apple utilise aujourd'hui, pour contrer la concurrence, les mêmes méthodes que Microsoft contre GNU/Linux : brandir ses brevets pour effrayer quiconque voudrait utiliser Android pour la concurrencer sur le marché des téléphones ou des tablettes. Et ça fonctionne si bien qu'ils ont réussi cette semaine à faire interdire en Allemagne une tablette fabriquée par un concurrent. Quelle sera la prochaine étape ? Un des créateurs d'Android chez Google étant un ancien salarié d'Apple, des rumeurs commencent à courir selon lesquelles Android violerait des brevets d'Apple. Est-ce que la prochaine étape sera s'essayer de faire interdire Android, ou d'obtenir que quiconque utilise le système de Google paye à Apple une redevance ? (ce qu'a déjà obtenu Microsoft : suite à une action portant sur des violations de brevets, HTC verse 5$ à Microsoft pour chaque téléphone sous Android qu'il vend. Microsoft gagne ainsi plus d'argent grâce au système de Google que grâce à son propre système pour téléphones ). En tout état de cause, cette volonté d'hégémonie d'Apple est de plus en plus inquiétante. Ils contrôlent déjà tous les logiciels qu'on peut installer sur les iPhones et les iPad. Ce contrôle s'étend peu à peu aux ordinateurs « de bureau » avec l'arrivée de l'App Store dans Mac OS. Ils cherchent à présent, via leurs brevets, à éliminer la concurrence d'Android. À force d'être obsédé par la perfection et la volonté de tout contrôler, est-ce que Steve ne serait pas en train d'essayer d'imposer un système totalitaire ?

Si face à Apple, Google peut se poser en victime, plusieurs informations parues ces derniers jours ébrèchent de plus en plus la devise « Don't be evil » de l'ogre, déjà bien mise à mal récemment par la méthode employée pour exiger des utilisateurs de Google+ qu'ils utilisent leur état civil.

Google est en procès avec Oracle, pour d'autres sombres histoires de brevets. En marge de ce procès, un document internes rendu public par la justice met en lumière des pratiques très douteuses. Android, son système d'exploitation, est libre. N'importe quel fabriquant de téléphone ou de tablette peut l'adapter à ses besoins et l'utiliser sur ses périphériques sans payer le moindre centime à Google (Google se rémunère autrement: Android étant fortement lié à ses services en ligne, chaque utilisateur du système deviendra probablement un utilisateur de GMail et consorts, et Google pourra collecter moult informations qu'il monnaiera ensuite. Android n'est pas, pour Google, un produit en soi, mais un moyen d'attirer et de fidéliser de nouveaux utilisateurs). Mais le document interne dévoilé au procès révèle que tous les fabricants ne sont pas égaux : on savait depuis longtemps que le processus de développement d'Android est assez opaque. Google ne publie le code qu'à la sortie de chaque nouvelle version, et non au fur et à mesure de sa conception. Mais certains fabricants de produits qui utilisent Android peuvent accéder au code en cours de développement, ce qui leur permet d'adapter leurs téléphones aux nouvelles versions du système d'exploitation bien plus rapidement que leur concurrents. Google privilégie donc explicitement certains fabricants. Et la situation ne peut que s'aggraver avec le rachat de la branche « téléphonie » de Motorola. Tout cela montre le contrôle de Google sur Android et le pouvoir qu'il a sur les constructeurs: si ceux-ci veulent avoir des facilités pour accéder au code, ils ont intérêt à se montrer conciliants. Et l'on peut se demander, sans être excessivement paranoïaque, quelles seront les exigences de Google une fois que son système sera devenu indispensable à la plupart des fabricants de périphériques (source http://fosspatents.blogspot.com/201... )

Autre fuite en provenance de chez Grand Frère, un message interne datant d'il y a quelques mois sur l'avenir de Javascript. Plutôt que de continuer à travailler à la correction des défauts de jeunesse du langage et à son amélioration au sein des organismes collectifs de standardisation, Google a décidé de créer un nouveau langage (dénommé Dash à l'époque, probablement changé en Dart aujourd'hui) destiné à remplacer JS dans le navigateur. Un langage qu'ils auront créé eux-même et sur lequel ils auront la main, même s'ils en publient les spécifications pour permettre aux autres navigateurs de suivre. Et comme pour SPDY, leur évolution de HTTP, ils comptent utiliser des méthodes assez agressives pour imposer ce langage. Grosso-modo, les services de Google tourneront beaucoup mieux dans les navigateurs implémentant Dash. Une phrase en particulier fait froid dans le dos « We will strongly encourage Google developers start off targeting Chrome-only whenever possible as this gives us the best end user experience. » C'est un véritable bond en arrière. Hier il y avait des sites prétendument Web utilisant des particularités de Microsoft comme les ActiveX et ne fonctionnant que sous IE. Aujourd'hui on voit apparaître de plus en plus de sites « optimisés pour Webkit ». Avant demain les sites ne fonctionnant que sous Chrome ? Pour en savoir plus, il faudra sans doute attendre la présentation de Dart, prévue le 10 octobre. À moins que les nombreuses réactions suite à la révélation de ce mail interne n'obligent Google à communiquer plus rapidement. (La discussion semble également s'être engagée sur Hackers News, où Brendan Eich bataille ferme).

Hasard du calendrier, un autre petit incident survenu cette semaine écorne un peu plus Google, même s'il ne s'agit que d'une coïncidence. Depuis toujours, les serveurs essaient de déterminer le modèle du navigateur qui les interroge pour lui servir un contenu approprié. C'est une mauvaise pratique, mais très répandue. Mauvaise car elle ignore souvent les navigateurs peu répandus (hier Firefox, aujourd'hui régulièrement Opéra) et refuse de leur répondre ou leur envoie des informations dégradées. Ainsi par exemple, depuis un mois, il n'est plus possible de se connecter à GMail avec la version mobile de Firefox: la page renvoyée dans certains cas par Google contient des erreurs qui l'empêchent de s'afficher. Pour passer outre, il faut paramétrer son Firefox pour qu'il prétende être Chrome. À vouloir servir du contenu optimisé pour certain navigateur, on oublie parfois d'être juste accessible à d'autres.

Apple, Google, est-ce que je n'ai oublié personne ? Oups, Microsoft pourrait être jaloux ! Heureusement, il se sont également distingué cette semaine. Grâce à Wikileaks, nous avons eu confirmation de certaines pratiques de la société. Parenthèse pour celles et ceux qui n'auraient pas suivi. Wikileaks a récupéré il y a quelques mois 250.000 télégrammes diplomatiques échangés entre des diplomates étasuniens. Ces câbles contenant des informations susceptible de mettre en danger des vies, ils ont décidé de ne pas les publier directement, mais de travailler avec cinq titres de presse classiques pour diffuser peu à peu ces télégrammes après en avoir supprimé les noms des informateurs de diplomates. Le fichier chiffrés contenant l'ensemble des câbles s'est retrouvé en ligne il y a peu à la suite d'une erreur, et son mot de passe a été dévoilé, par The Gardian d'après ce que j'ai compris. L'information brute commençant à circuler sur le réseau, Wikikeaks a décidé de publier tous les télégrammes. Les 250.000 sont donc librement consultables depuis quelques jours, et parmi les premières informations que j'en ai vu extraites, certaines éclairent les pratiques de Microsoft.

Le cas le plus emblématique à ce jour est celui de la Tunisie. Le gouvernement tunisien avait lancé une politique favorisant les logiciels libres. Jusqu'en 2006, où par une soudaine volte-face le gouvernement a décidé que tous les appels d'offre devaient désormais exiger la compatibilité avec les logiciels de Microsoft. Il a également acheté de très nombreuses licences. En contrepartie, Microsoft s'est engagé à former la police de Ben Ali à la lutte contre la « cyber-criminalité » Dit autrement, Microsoft a aidé la dictature tunisienne à espionner son peuple. (source : « Wikileaks dévoile comment Microsoft a tué le Logiciel Libre dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali » ). D'autres télégrammes révèlent les pressions exercées un peu partout dans le monde pour contrer toute tentative de migration vers les logiciels libres. Microsoft ne s'impose donc pas uniquement par la vente liée de ses logiciels — via de fortes pressions exercées sur les constructeurs — mais aussi par un intense travail d'influence auprès des gouvernements, travail parfois soutenu par la diplomatie US. Le site Techrights reprend de nombreux télégrammes sur le sujet.

Pour être honnête avec Microsoft, je rappelle qu'ils ne sont pas les seuls a avoir été éclaboussés ces derniers jours pour leur participation active à la surveillance du Web au profit de dictatures. Reflets.info a publié de nombreux articles (celui-ci par exemple) détaillant comment Amesys, une filiale de Bull, avait, évidemment avec l'accord des autorités françaises, aidé Kadhafi à intercepter les communications internet des Libyens. Des petits malins ont rappelé un article paru en avril dans le Figaro, où les flics pleuraient de n'avoir pas assez de moyens pour traquer les méchants en ligne. L'article signalait qu'heureusement le gouvernement allait y palier en installant d'ici 2013 un système de surveillance vendu à la Libye en 2008. D'ici deux ans, nous n'aurons donc plus à être jaloux des Libyens.

Autre confirmation trouvée dans les câbles, celle des pressions exercées par le gouvernement étasunien pour imposer les OGM et défendre leur fer de lance, Monsanto. (source: « Quand la diplomatie américaine était au service de Monsanto » L'article rappelle au passage comment les fondations caritatives fondées par les milliardaires US comme Warren Buffett ou Bill Gates ne sont souvent qu'un moyen alternatif de faire de la politique, ces fondations finançant par exemple des programmes qui sont de véritables chevaux de Troie des OGM dans les pays en voie de développement, cf « Monsanto and Gates Foundation Push GE Crops on Africa » )

J'ai publié récemment quelques billets assez critiques sur Mozilla. Mais toutes ces infos sur la guerre sans pitié que se livrent Apple, Google (et dans une moindre mesure Microsoft, pour l'instant un peu à côté de la plaque) rappellent combien Mozilla est importante. Parmi les quelques géants qui façonnent ce que seront nos vies en ligne demain, c'est la seule entité qui ne soit pas mue par des motivations mercatiles, par l'obligation de rapporter des dividendes à ses actionnaires, par tous les moyens. C'est aujourd'hui le seul capable de proposer une alternative crédible aux prisons dorées dans lesquelles voudraient nous enfermer Apple ou Google. D'où l'importance de soutenir la Fondation. Mais d'où aussi la colère et la tristesse qui m'envahissent lorsqu'elle prend des décisions qui à mon sens sont mauvaises. Car Mozilla est important, si elle échoue, si elle se suicide, l'espoir de pouvoir encore surfer demain sur un Web libre sera bien mince.

No Future

Dans son excellent blog sur les fins du monde, Jean-No rappelle les paroles fameuses du microbiologiste Frank Fenner « L'homo sapiens aura peut-être disparu d'ici cent ans. Beaucoup d'autres animaux disparaîtront, c'est une situation irréversible, je pense qu'il est trop tard. » Un de ses collègues, s'il partage le constat, veut encore croire qu'il reste une lueur d'espoir, si l'Humanité se décidait enfin à faire quelque chose. Des propos de Jean-No rapproche de ceux de Claude Lévi-Strauss « une humanité en proie à l'explosion démographique et qui (…) se mettrait à se haïr elle-même, parce qu'une prescience secrète l'avertit qu'elle devient trop nombreuse pour que chacun de ses membres puisse librement jouir de ces bien essentiels que sont l'espace libre, l'eau pure, l'air non pollué. »

Moins pessimiste sur l'avenir, Michel Serres est revenu dans Libération sur son concept de « Petite Poucette », ces enfants du XXI° siècles qui sont confrontés à l'une des plus grandes évolutions de l'histoire et vont être chargés de la gérer. Il reprend dans cet entretien les idées fortes de son discours prononcé au début de l'année. De jolies analyses dont je recommande la lecture, si ce n'est pas déjà fait.

En Vrac

Le Webzine « Basta » a fait sa rentrée avec bon nombre d'articles intéressants. Ma préférence personnelle va à :

  • quelques économistes et statisticiens se sont intéressés au capital de 43.000 sociétés multinationales et ont découvert que 80% de la valeur totale de ces sociétés est contrôlé par seulement 737 entités. En poussant plus loin, ils ont identifié parmi celles-ci 50 « super-entités » qui ont un pouvoir énorme sur l'économie mondiale. L'étude mérite cependant probablement mieux que le titre de l'article qui parle de « maîtres du monde ».
  • Basta a également relayé un rapport de Greenpeace sur les produits chimiques utilisés dans l'industrie textile. Les deux tiers des vêtements de grande marque qu'ils ont analysés contiennent des perturbateurs hormonaux qui sont relâchés lors des lavages, ce qui peut poser des problèmes de santé pour celles et ceux qui les portent (outre les graves dangers pour les ouvriers qui fabriquent ces vêtements mais dont tout le monde se fout).

Les éditions La Découverte publient une nouvelle version, revue et augmentée, du Président des riches, la fameuse enquête des sociologues Michel PINÇON et Monique PINÇON-CHARLOT sur les rapports entre le pouvoir politique et le monde de l'argent. Elle se sera disponible en livre de poche pour moins de 10€. Vivement la version en 14Oc http://www.editionsladecouverte.fr/catalogue/index-Le_president_des_riches-9782707169617.html

C'est tout pour ce soir, bonne nuit !


          "Information technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don't think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without the talking about the other." - Bill Gates   
"Information technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don't think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without the talking about the other." - Bill Gates
          Wie der neue Stern am Ökonomenhimmel übersieht, dass der Staat die Armen immer ärmer macht   
Wenn es nach Thomas Piketty ginge, wären Steve Jobs, Bill Gates und Mark Zuckerberg arme Schlucker. Oder bestenfalls US-amerikanische Verlierer in der Mittelschicht. Wie es dazu kommt, dass diese Menschen so schnell so reich wurden und vor allem Vermögen, Wertschöpfung, Arbeitsplätze und Wohlstand für Millionen Menschen schafften, dafür bietet der Primitiv-Marxist keine Antwort. Seine kommunistische […]
          Islamic Entrepreneurship; Urgensi kekayaan di tangan umat Islam   
Oleh: Jaharuddin
Lihatlah daftar 10 (sepuluh) orang terkaya di dunia tahun 2012 versi FORBES, (1). Carlos Slim Helu and Family dari Meksiko, dengan kekayaan USD 69 milliar. (2). Bill Gates, Microsoft group, dengan kekayaan USD 61 milliar. (3). Warren Buffet, pemilik Berkshire Hathaway, dengan kekayaan USD 44 milliar. (4). Chairman Louis Vuittin Moet Hennessy Bernard Arnault, dari Prancis, pemilik Louis Vuitton, Bulgari, dll, dengan kekayaan USD 41 milliar. (5). Amancio Ortega, Inditex group, dengan kekayaan USD 37,5 milliar. (6). Larry Ellison, pendiri Oracle, dengan kekayaan USD 36 milliar. (7). Eike Batita, pengusaha minyak dan tambang asal Brasil, dengan kekayaan USD 30 milliar. (8). Stefan Persson, pendiri H&M, dengan kekayaan USD 26 milliar. (9). Li Ka-shing, chairman Hutchison Whampoa Limited, dengan kekayaan USD 25,56 milliar dan 270 ribu karyawan di 53 negara. (10). Karl Albrecht, pengusaha Jerman pemilik Aldi Sud, dengan kekayaan USD 25,4 milliar serta 4500 gerai supermarket.

Bagaimana dengan kondisi Indonesia, siapa 10 (sepuluh) orang terkaya tahun 2012 versi FORBES, dimana posisinya pada daftar orang terkaya di dunia, (1). R. Budi dan Michael Hartono, dengan kekayaan USD 15 milliar. (2). Eka Tjipta Widjaja dan Keluarga, dengan kekayaan USD 7,7 milliar. (3). Susilo wonowidjojo dan keluarga, dengan kekayaan USD7,4 milliar. (4). Anthoni Salim dan keluarga, dengan kekayaan USD 5,2 milliar. (5). Chairul Tanjung, dengan kekayaan USD 3,4 milliar. (6). Sri Prakash Lohia, dengan kekayaan USD 3 milliar. (7). Sukanto Tanoto, dengan kekayaan USD 2,8 milliar. (8). Peter Sondakh, dengan kekayaan USD 2,6 milliar. (9). Boenjamin Setiawan dan keluarga, dengan kekayaan USD  2,35 milliar. (10). Putera Sampoerna dan keluarga, dengan kekayaan 2,3 milliar.

Dari nama yang dipublikasikan FORBES, terdapat satu orang pengusaha muslim yaitu Chairul Tanjung. Muncul pertanyaan untuk direnungkan, mengapa dalam jajaran 10 (sepuluh) pengusaha top dunia tidak ada yang muslim?, mengapa dalam jajaran 10 (sepuluh) pengusaha top Indonesia hanya satu orang yang muslim?, bukankah saat ini umat Islam jumlahnya nomor 2 (dua) terbanyak didunia, bukankah Islam mayoritas di Indonesia. Sewajarnyalah sebagian besar pengusaha top di Indonesia adalah muslim.

Menarik untuk kita renungkan...
Tulisan ini tidak bermaksud mengungkit-ngungkit ketidakadilan peta persaingan yang tidak sempurna, karena mustahil mencari kesempurnaan di dunia ini, yang ada adalah kekuatan dan kecerdasan dalam memanfaatkan peluang ditengah ketidak sempurnaan yang terjadi. Tulisan ini mengajak mendiskusikan persoalan yang tidak simetris, untuk menarik banyak pelajaran dari fenomena yang terjadi, sehingga kedepan umat Islam lebih maju, sambil memformulasikan mimpi kejayaan umat Islam tanpa menciptakan ketidak adilan bagi umat lainnya, akhirnya izzah umat Islam semakin terasa dan maslahat bagi alam semesta. Amin ya robbil alamin.

Mungkinkah, terdapat cara pandang yang kurang tepat dan mind set umat Islam terhadap kekayaan, masihkah kita membuat jarak antara pribadi yang sholeh dengan kekayaan, sama halnya saat awal dakwah masuk ke Indonesia dipersepsikan bahwa orang yang modern dan berpendidikan adalah orang yang Islamnya biasa saja (awam) dan perempuannya tidak berjilbab. Sekarang persepsi itu mampu dibalikkan oleh aktivis dakwah yang tidak pernah berhenti bekerja dan beramal, walau apapun rintangannya.

Masihkah menancap dengan kuatnya, bahwa pengusaha sukses adalah orang yang bergelimang harta dan belum tentu halal, orang yang banyak harta adalah orang yang susah memastikan hartanya bersumber dari sumber yang halal dan susah dipertanggung jawabkan, singkatnya kalau anda ingin sholeh dan tenang dalam menjalani kehidupan, maka ngak usah memaksakan diri dalam mengejar kekayaan, anda cukup beribadah sebanyak-banyaknya untuk persiapan akhirat. Benarkah orang kaya tidak bisa beribadah dengan tenang dan banyak?

Sepertinya, ada dikotomi yang belum tentu benar antara kesholehan dengan kekayaan, menjadi wajar  seseorang yang sholeh jika hanya hidup seadanya. Serta muncul persepsi kalau ada orang yang sholeh hidup berkecukupan, tinggal di kawasan elit, mobilnya mewah, mempunyai villa, resort, hotel, bahkan mempunyai jet pribadi, dan seterusnya, maka perlu dicurigai.

Cobalah berfikir obyektif dan tetap kritis, apakah tidak boleh, sebagai seorang muslim yang baik dan saat yang sama sebagai seorang pengusaha yang sukses yang mempunyai kekayaan top dunia?, bukankah seharusnya kita bangga jika umat Islam yang sholeh dan taatlah yang diamanahkan kekayaan, sehingga alokasi dan distribusi kekayaannya adil dan menentramkan banyak orang, bukankah ini gambaran ideal yang perlu ditanamkan ke generasi penerus.

Belajar dari Generasi Terdahulu
Telusurilah perjalanan Rasulullah dan sahabat, dengan mudah kita menemukan bahwa Rasulullah sendiri adalah seorang yang mempunyai harta yang tidak sedikit, begitu pula para sahabat, seperti Abu Bakar ra, Umar bin Khattab ra, Usman bin Affan ra, Abdurahman bin Auf ra, dan sahabat lainnya, mereka adalah sahabat nabi yang tidak diragukan lagi kemantapan aqidah Islamnya, namun saat yang sama mereka adalah pribadi-pribadi dengan kekayaan berlimpah, dan dengan kekayaan tersebutlah dakwah Islam dikembangkan sampai kepenjuru dunia.

Seberapa besar kekayaan yang dimiliki oleh Nabi Muhammad SAW dan sahabat?, berikut saya tampilkan beberapa data kekayaan Rasulullah dan sahabat, yang saya konversi dengan nilai kekinian, dengan maksud memudahkan untuk memvisualisasikan besarnya harta kekayaan Nabi Muhammad SAW dan para sahabat:
a. Nabi Muhammad SAW
Berdasarkan Ekonografi Nabi Muhammad SAW, pada umur 12 tahun beliau sudah aktif sebagai eksportir ke Syam. Di usia 17-19 tahun beliau sudah menjadi pengusaha yang mandiri, beranjak ke usia 22 tahun beliau sudah sangat terkenal di jazirah Arab sebagai seorang profesional. Umur 25 tahun beliau menikah, menjelang usia kenabian beliau mendapat gelar pengusaha terpercaya (al-amin), tokoh arbitrer dan konsultan perdagangan internasional, bentuk pengakuan "sertifikasi" paling prestisius di zamannya. Bahkan beliau sudah berbisnis sampai ke 17 negara.
Beberapa data yang ditemukan terkait kekayaan nabi Muhammad SAW, didasarkan data Abu Faris (1997), beliau memberikan mahar kepada Khadijah sebanyak 20 ekor unta (Rp. +/- 200 juta) dan 12 uqiyah emas (Rp.+/- 217 juta). Nabi Muhammad SAW pernah membagikan lebih dari 1500 ekor unta (Rp.15 milliar) kepada beberapa orang Quraisy sesudah perang Hunain. nabi Muhammad SAW juga pernah menerima 90.000 dirham (Rp. 6,3 milliar), dan uang tersebut dibagikan kepada orang sampai habis.
Syuaibi mencatat beliau membagikan al-kutaibah (pemberian rutin) kepada kerabat dan istri-istrinya beliau, sebagai berikut: kepada Fatimah 200 wasaq, Ali bin Abi Thalib 100 wasaq, Usamah bin Zaid 250 wasaq, Aisyah 200 wasaq, Jafar bin Abi Thalib 50 wasaq, Rabiah bin Harits bin Abdil Muthallib 100 wasaq, Abu bakar 100 wasaq, Aqil bin Abi Thalin 140 wasaq, Bani Jafar 140 wasaq, untuk sekelompok orang dan istri-istrinya 700 wasaq.
b. Abu Bakar ra
Ibnu Umar ra menceritakan, diawal keIslaman Abu Bakar menghabiskan dana sekitar 40.000 dirham untuk memerdekakan budak. Jika harga 1 dirham perak saat ini Rp. 70.000,- artinya yang dibayarkan Abu bakar ra untuk memerdekakan budak sebesar 40.000 x Rp. 70.000,- = Rp. 2,8 milliar. Ketika Abu Bakar ra, berkeinginan membebaskan Bilal ra, dari perbudakan, tuannya Umaiyah bin Khalaf mematok harga 9 uqiyah emas, 1 uqiyah emas senilai 31,7475 gr emas, atau setara dengan 7,4 dinar emas. Saat ini harga 1 dinar emas = Rp. 2.454.000,-, berarti uang yang dikeluarkan Abu Bakar ra, adalah (9 x 7,4 x Rp. 2.454.000,-) = Rp. 163.436.400,-.
c. Umar bin Khattab ra.
Didalam kitab Jami' Bayyanil Ilmi wa fadlih, karangan Ibnu Abdil Barr, menerangkan bahwa Umar bin Khattab ra, telah mewasiatkan 1/3 hartanya yang nilainya melebihi nilai 40.000 (dinar atau dirham), atau totalnya melebihi 120.000 (dinar atau dirham). Dengan demikian total kekayaan Umar bin Khattab jika dinilai dengan kurs saat ini adalah dalam dirham Rp. 8,4 milliar, sedangkan dalam dinar Rp. +/- 294 milliar.
d. Ustman bin Affan ra
Saat perang Tabuk beliau menyumbang 300 ekor unta (+/- Rp. 3 milliar), serta dana sebesar 1.000 dinar emas (Rp. +/- 2,4 milliar), Ubaidullah bin Utbah memberitakan, ketika terbunuh Ustman bin Affan ra, masih mempunyai harta yang disimpan penjaga gudangnya, yaitu 30.500.000 dirham (Rp. 2.135 trilliun), dan 100.000 dinar (Rp. 245,4 milliar).
e. Abdurrahman bin Auf ra
Ketika menjelang perang Tabuk, Abdurrahman bin Auf ra, mempelopori dengan menyumbang dana sebesar 200 uqiyah emas (Rp.+/- 3,6 milliar), menjelang wafatnya beliau mewasiatkan 50.000 dinar (+/- Rp. 122,7 milliar) untuk infaq fi sabilillah. dari Ayyub (As-syaktiani) dari Muhammad (bin sirrin) memberitakan, ketika Abdurahman bin Auf ra wafat, beliau meninggalkan 4 istri. Seorang istri mendapatkan dari 1/8 warisan sebesar 30.000 dinar emas (Rp. 73,62 milliar), dengan demikian keseluruhan istrinya memperoleh 4 x 30.000 = 120.000 dinar emas (Rp. 294,480 milliar). Maka total warisan yang ditinggalkan oleh Abdurahman bin Auf ra adalah sebesar 960.000 dinar emas (Rp. 2,355 triliun).

Luar biasa bukan, dan realitas saat ini juga menuntut arah yang sama, masuknya generasi dakwah pada tahapan dakwah yang lebih lanjut, menumbuhkan kesadaran bersama bahwa dakwah Islam membutuhkan back up kekayaan, agar mampu bersanding dan bertanding dengan kebathilan yang menghadang.

Semakin tinggi tingkat pemahaman yang diejawantahkan dalam aplikasi keseharian terhadap Islam, berimplikasi terhadap semakin tingginya kebutuhan kekayaan, dan sebaliknya, jika pemahaman keIslaman hanya pada tataran pribadi, maka bisa jadi kekayaan, hanya untuk kebutuhan pribadi dan keluarga, namun jika pemahaman Islam semakin baik, maka muncul kepedulian terhadap tetangga, masyarakat, bangsa, negara, bahkan dunia, dan itu semua berimplikasi dibutuhkan kekayaan untuk menopangnya.

Dengan demikian, marilah kita sama-sama menyadari bahwa pentingnya menyeru umat Islam untuk menjadi umat yang kaya raya sama pentingnya dengan upaya yang sistematis dalam membangun aqidah umat, atau tidak perlu dipertentangkan, dan keduanya berjalan beriringan, sehinga mobilitas horizontal dan vertikal dakwah umat Islam semakin maksimal. Akhirnya cita-cita generasi yang dibentuk oleh generasi dakwah saat ini, tidak hanya mempunyai cita-cita menjadi dokter, insinyur, profesor,...juga dokter yang pengusaha (misal punya rumah sakit), insinyur yg pengusaha (misal punya pabrik automotif), profesor yang pengusaha (misal punya perusahaan yang selaras dengan riset sang profesor),......Amin ya robbil alamin.

Musim dinggin, Hannover, Jerman, 6 Januari 2013, pk 13.17 CET
sumber: www.okezone.com, www.republikaonline.com, www.masterfajar.com, www.wakalanusantara.com, fb: muallaf center indonesia, syariahmaqasid.blogspot.com, dan sumber lainnya.
          Cara Menjadi Pengusaha Muda Top 1 yang Sukses kaya, harmonis dan ceria di Tahun 2014   
Mau menjadi pengusaha muda yang sukses?
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Jika saya mempelajari kisah sukses Bill Gates dan Steve Jobs, contoh orang-orang yang sukses sejak masih muda, saya melihat ada 3 hal yang bisa kita tiru dari keberhasilan mereka.
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Pertama: dia sudah menetapkan tujuan sejak muda. Ya, dia sudah punya tujuan yang jelas dan spesifik sejak muda. Dia sudah mengetahui, bahkan sudah dalam angka dan berani menetapkan tujuan yang tinggi. Begitu juga dengan Steve Jobs yang memiliki visi yang jelas tentang bisnis komputer.
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Ketiga: Mereka mulai bisnis sejak mudah. Steve Jobs memulai bisnis semenjak umur 21 tahunan. Billa Gates juga memulai bisnisnya saat berumur 20 tahun. Jika mulai cepat, maka suksesnya juga akan cepat.
Jadi ada 3 kuncinya yaitu memiliki visi sejak muda, belajar sejak muda, dan memulai sejak muda. Inilah cara menjadi pengusaha muda yang sukses.
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          Bill Gates by Wade Robb   
Added: Jun 28, 2017
By: wsrobb04
Views: 2

          PDC - Day 1 (Monday)   

Well I finally made to PDC after spending 8 hours in the SEATAC airport.  I got into LA at 7 PM.   While the plane was about to land in LA, I could see the fires below.  Wow! My heart goes out to the folks who last their home - over 1500 now!

So… day one at PDC.  I cannot believe how large PDC is this year!  It's seems like every professional developer in the world has come to see Microsoft latest tools and technology.  Some sessions were so popular, it was standing room only for the monitor in the hall way!

I got a front row seat for Bill Gates keynote speech.  As always, his presentation / demos went off without a hitch.  I really enjoyed Jim Allchin's talk. 

In one of the demos, Don Box and Chris Anderson had Jim write some code.  At one point, Jim opened the file that Don had been typing lots of code into and it was blank!  Luckily, Jim had open the wrong file.  Once he realized his mistake, he opened up the correct file and the code was there.  Both Don and Chris both let out a big sigh of release.  Very funny!   ;-)   

Another funny point in the presentation was when Don was coding and a bug (moth?) flew out of the machine he was typing on. Don looks up at the moth flying away and says “look, there is the first Longhorn bug!”.  LOL!  (You had to be there to understand).

Overall, I'm very impressed with Longhorn and all of the tools and technologies Microsoft will be rolling out in the next few months / years.  Longhorn's Avalon will allow us to build some really cool UI.  Plus it's WinFS storage system will allow us to organize and search very diverse information.   I'm looking forward to install the Longhorn preview.  ;-)


          L’era del pc è quasi terminata, spazio ai Tablet Surface di Microsoft   

Prev1 of 1Next Sembra proprio che inizi a pensarlo anche il Sig. Bill Gates, nonostante la figuraccia durante la presentazione tablet  Surface, che è andato miseramente in crash. Un inizio non incoraggiante per la Microsoft ma comunque “Bill” ha dichiarato che con il nuovo tablet, si avranno tutte le potenzialità Ipad Apple e in più si […]

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Green Cross Earth Charter: The New Ten Commandments

Globalists' New Age Religion (Video Part 1 of 2)


By Lee Penn

The Earth Charter is the brainchild of Mikhail Gorbachev (acting as chairman of Green Cross International) and Maurice Strong, a wealthy and influential proponent of world government. (Ted Turner is involved here, too - as a member of the Green Cross International board, and as a recipient of the Green Cross International "Founder's Award" in 1998; the Rockefeller Brothers Fund is supporting Earth Charter activities in ten Third World countries.)

Gorbachev views this proposed Earth Charter as "a kind of Ten Commandments, a 'Sermon on the Mount,' that provides a guide for human behavior toward the environment in the next century and beyond."

The Earth Charter is being circulated worldwide "with the goal of enlisting wide support for the document and its principles in civil society, religious communities, and national councils of sustainable development. Special efforts will be made to promote the adoption of Earth Charter values in all sectors of society and to integrate Earth Charter values into educational programs." They will also seek to influence "the teachings of formal and non formal educational institutions and of spiritual and religious groups," and to redirect "popular culture by mobilizing public opinion for sustainable development through mass media." Charter planners intend to "translate the Earth Charter principles" into codes of conduct for doctors, lawyers, engineers, and financial managers.

By design, the Earth Charter will affect the laws and regulations that govern our lives, from City Hall to Washington DC.

Velvet Glove: the Earth Charter's Soft Socialism

The basis of the Earth Charter is the belief that "Earth, our home, is alive with a unique community of life" - the Gaia hypothesis. The Charter states that "a dramatic rise in population has increased the pressures on ecological systems and has overburdened social systems." This is the "Population Bomb" argument.

The Charter preamble suggests that "we can resolve to balance and harmonize individual interests with the common good, freedom with responsibility, diversity with unity, short term objectives with long term goals, economic progress with the flourishing of ecological systems." This assumes that the human race is a unitary "we" that can arrive at a "balance" of these interests that is acceptable to all. Language contrasting self-interest and the common good is not original; a founding slogan of the Nazis was "Gemeinnutz vor Eigennutz" - "Common Good Before Personal Gain." To bring about the desired changes, everyone must update their beliefs: "The challenges humanity faces can only be met if people everywhere acquire an awareness of global interdependence, identify themselves with the larger world, and decide to live with a sense of universal responsibility."

Iron Fist: the "Green Cross Earth Charter Philosophy"

However, another document on the Earth Charter web site, "The Green Cross Earth Charter Philosophy," takes a much harder line. First comes the call for "fundamental economic, social and cultural changes."

"The current course of development is thus clearly unsustainable. Current problems cannot be solved by piecemeal measures. More of the same is not enough. Radical change from the current trajectory is not an option, but an absolute necessity. Fundamental economic, social and cultural changes that address the root causes of poverty and environmental degradation are required and they are required now."

Then comes the call for zero population growth and zero economic growth. The needs of the world's poor will be met by "reducing material over-consumption by the rich minority:"
Principle 6: "Stabilization of the World's Population - World population must stabilize. Such a balance can be reached through cooperation: an improvement in living conditions, quality of life, fairness, education and the eradication of poverty.

Principle 7: "Zero-Growth of Material Economy - Even allowing for rapid technological improvements, resources are finite. A basic sustainable level of per capita material consumption will have to be reached in accordance with the Earth's natural resource constraints. This requires both increasing the material consumption of the people now living in poverty and reducing material over-consumption by the rich minority."
Scientific uncertainty about the efficiency, efficacy, and necessity of radical environmental policies will not be allowed to interfere:
Principle 12: "Precautionary Principle - Precaution must be the basic organizing principle of environmental management. Scientific uncertainty should be used for objective assessment and not as an excuse for delaying action.

Principle 13: "Prevention of Environmental Damage - Protection of the environment is most effective when environmental harm is prevented rather than cured. End-of-pipe solutions are not sustainable and must be replaced by preventive action which stops problems before they arise. Prevention ensures a common inheritance for future generations."
To enforce all this, there must be "global sovereignty" which must not be "subservient to the rules of state sovereignty, demands of the free market or individual rights." The new international ruler must have "independence and power to facilitate agreement between all societal actors:"
Principle 14: "Global Sovereignty - The protection of the Biosphere, as the Common Interest of Humanity, must not be subservient to the rules of state sovereignty, demands of the free market or individual rights. The idea of Global Sovereignty must be supported by a shift in values which recognize this Common Interest.

Implementation 1: "The creation of an international body for the Sustainability of Human Life on the Earth. This body must have the independence and power to facilitate agreement between all societal actors to support the protection of the Biosphere as the Common Interest of Humanity."
At the 1995 State of the World Forum, Maurice Strong said regarding the Earth Charter: "We shouldn't wait until political democracy paves the way. We must act now." Then, after the Charter is adopted and implemented - with or without a democratic process - the new "international body" will not "be subservient to the rules of state sovereignty, demands of the free market or individual rights." Such are the principles that Gorbachev and Strong - and their collaborators in the interfaith movement - would have us adopt as a new covenant with the earth, a new Ten Commandments.

Can It Happen?: Maurice Strong's Global Influence

Maurice Strong has the position and the influence to make himself heard worldwide. Strong, Chairman of the Earth Council, is on the board of the World Economic Forum (WEF); Klaus Schwab, president and founder of the WEF, is a member of the Earth Council. The WEF, which meets annually in Davos, Switzerland, describes itself - with good reason - as "the most significant global business summit bringing together close to 2,000 business and political leaders, experts, academics, and members of the media, to set the global agenda for the coming year." For example, Bill Gates, Yasser Arafat, Benjamin Netanyahu, Muhammad Hosni Mubarak (President of Egypt), Donna Shalala (Secretary of Health and Human Services), Viktor Chernomyrdin (Prime Minister of Russia), the presidents of Romania, Hungary, and Poland, Kofi Annan (UN Secretary General), Michael Bon (CEO of France Telecom), John Smith (CEO of General Motors), Peter Sutherland (Chairman of Goldman-Sachs), Kim Woo-Choong (Chairman of Daewoo Corporation), and Jürgen Schrempp (Chairman of Daimler-Benz) attended the 1997 session of the World Economic Forum. According to Forbes magazine, George Soros is one of the "regulars" at these meetings.

"An abridged version of this information is appearing in the series of articles titled "The United Religions Initiative: Foundations for a World Religion" (Part 1 and Part 2). The first article was published in the spring of 1999 and the second part in the fall of 1999 by the Journal of the Spiritual Counterfeits Project. You may order the complete stories from the Journal, or subscribe to the Journal, by calling (510) 540-0300, or by writing to the Spiritual Counterfeits Project, Post Office Box 4308, Berkeley, CA 94704, or by visiting the SCP web site."

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          Comment on Dark side of Bill Gates’ philanthropy: 30,000 Indian girls were used as guinea pigs to test cervical cancer vaccine by Rohit Binjola   
He probably made money from pharma companies for this as well.
          Comment on Dark side of Bill Gates’ philanthropy: 30,000 Indian girls were used as guinea pigs to test cervical cancer vaccine by Anudip Samui   
Bill Gates will always be a businessman and people like him shud be first shot in the head before asking questions...bastard !!!
          Una Profecia Anunciada???   
ES INCREÍBLE LO QUE SE VE EN INTERNET HOY EN DIA. LA CASUALIDAD O LA PREDICCION DEL FUTURO ESTA OCULTA ENTRE LAS FUENTES DE MICROSOFT WORD Y ENTONCES BILL GATES ES MAS PROFETA QUE JESUCRISTO, MAHOMA, NOSTRADAMUS, WALTER MERCADO Y … Seguir leyendo
          Bill Gates speaks about poverty, innovation   
Bill Gates brought a different message to campus than many visiting CEOs and speakers during a presentation to a packed Cubberley Auditorium Wednesday afternoon. The private sector can’t do it all, the Microsoft founder said, emphasizing the importance of foreign aid and philanthropy to tackle the most pressing global challenges.
          Xbox wird heute zehn Jahre alt   

Microsofts Xbox, die erste Konsole des Unternehmens, wird heute zehn Jahre alt.

Veröffentlicht wurde die Xbox am 15. November 2001 und trat damit gegen PlayStation 2, Dreamcast und GameCube an.

Die Xbox war das Resultat von Forschungsarbeiten des DirectX-Teams von Microsoft, unter anderem waren Kevin Bachus, Seamus Blackley und Ed Fries an der Produktion beteiligt. Erstmals vorgestellt wurde das Gerät von Bill Gates auf der Game Developers Conference im Jahr 2000.

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          NUESTROS SUEÑOS Y ESPERANZAS ESTAN EN LAS PERSONAS MAS RICAS DEL MUNDO    

ESPERAMOS NO OFENDER A LAS PERSONAS MAS RICAS DEL MUNDO, PERO TENEMOS QUE CONFESARLES QUE NUESTRAS ESPERANZAS ESTAN PUESTAS EN ELLOS PARA LOGRAR UN MUNDO MEJOR PARA EL ADULTO MAYOR

Para nadie es un secreto el estado de abandono que sufre el adulto mayor en el mundo, son muy pocos los Gobiernos o Estados que se preocupa por esta parte de la población mundial, igual que las sociedades y las familias.

En Fundación Oneyda Cayetano siempre hemos pensado que quizás algún día, las personas que Dios ha bendecido con el poder del dinero, a base de esfuerzo y trabajo, puedan ver las necesidades y el abandono que sufren  las personas de la tercera edad, y quizás puedan inclinarse a ayudar a estas personas del mundo o de su país.

Los señores de la tercera edad no tienen ni siquiera la suerte de que sus Derechos Humanos sean respetados, ni por pena ni por lastima, aunque deberían ser tomados en cuenta solo por el hecho de ser seres humanos.

En nuestra fundación, esperamos no haber ofendido, por el hecho de expresar nuestros sentimientos y pensamientos solo quisimos compartir parte de las esperanzas que no perdemos por lograr UN MUNDO MUJOR PARA EL ADULTO MAYOR!

Oneyda Cayetano Suberví

Presidenta Fundación Oneyda Cayetano a Beneficio de Envejecientes y Hogar de Enfermos de Lepra.

República Dominicana

 
Forbes, nuevamente ha publicado hoy su lista anual de las personas más ricas del mundo 2013 – y una vez más, las compañias de tecnología y sus tentáculos continúan liderando gran parte de la lista.
Las 20 Personas Más Ricas Del Mundo En El 2013, por ForbesCon un patrimonio neto de $73 billones, en el número uno por cuarto año consecutivo es el magnate mexicano, Carlos Slim Helú, el cual controla el operador de telefonía móvil de América Latina,América Móvil, y también posee participaciones en compañías de telefonía móvil en Europa.
Bill Gates de Microsoft sigue ocupando el puesto #2 con $67 billones. La gran sorpresa de la lista Forbes este año, es el billonario español dueño de las tiendas Zara, Amancio Ortega, con unas ganancias de $19.5 billones salto al puesto #3, con un patrimonio neto de $57 billones, desplazando al “Oráculo de Omaha”, Warren Buffett, a la posición #4 – A continuación la lista de las 20 perosnas más ricas del mundo en el 2013:
#20. Sergey Brin – Estados Unidosnuevo en la lista Patrimonio neto: $22.8 mil millones
Sergey BrinAcerca: Serguéi Brin, with Larry Page (#19), es uno de los creadores del motor de búsqueda más grande del mundo, Google. Sergey estudió Ciencias Matemáticas y Ciencias de la Computación.

#19. Larry Page – Estados Unidosnuevo en la lista Patrimonio neto: $23 mil millones
Larry PageAcerca: Lawrence “Larry” Page, es un científico informático y empresario de la Internet. Él es el inventor de “PageRank”, la base del algoritmo de clasificación de búsqueda de Google. Larry es también el co-fundador y director ejecutivo de Google, desde abril de 2011, vio a su compañía logra ingresos de $50 mil millones en el 2012.

#18. Jeff Bezos – Estados Unidosnuevo en la lista Patrimonio neto: $25.2 mil millones
Jeff BezosAcerca: Jeff Bezos, es el fundador y director ejecutivo de Amazon.com, la líder mundial de ventas de todo tipos por la Internet, reportando más de $61 mil millones en 2012 ventas. Bezos fue recientemente nombrado el segundo mejor director ejecutivo del mundo por la “Harvard Business Review”, después (y antes de su muerte) de Steve Jobs de Apple.

#17. Karl Albrecht – Alemania
Patrimonio neto: $26 mil millones
Karl AlbrechtAcerca: Karl Hans Albrecht es un empresario alemán que fundó la cadena de supermercados de descuento Aldi con su hermano Theo.

#16. Samuel Robson Walton – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $26.1 mil millones
Samuel Robson WaltonAcerca: Otro miembro de la familia fundadora de Wal-Mart, Walton ha servido como jefe del directorio de la gigante minorista desde 1992.

#15. Alice Walton – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $26.3 mil millones
Alice WaltonAcerca: Alice Louise Walton es una heredera de la fortuna Wal-Mart. Ella es la hija del fundador de Wal-Mart Sam Walton y Helen Walton, hermana de S. Robson Walton y Jim Walton.

#14. Sheldon Adelson – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $26.5 mil millones
Sheldon AdelsonAcerca: billonario promotor inmobiliario, dedicado principalmente al negocio de los casinos, que vive en Las Vegas (Nevada, EE.UU.). Es presidente, principal accionista y director ejecutivo de Las Vegas Sands Corporation.

#13. Jim C. Walton – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $26.7 mil millones
Jim C. WaltonAcerca: Otro heredero de la fortuna Wal-Mart, Jim es el presidente y consejero delegado del Banco Arvest, que tiene sucursales en Arkansas, Kansas, Oklahoma y Missouri.

#12. Michael Bloomberg – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $27 mil millones
Michael BloombergAcerca: Michael Bloomberg es un empresario y político independiente estadounidense que actualmente es alcalde de la ciudad de Nueva York. Él es el fundador y propietario de un 88% de Bloomberg LP, una compañia de servicios de información financiera.

#11. Stefan Persson – Suecia
Patrimonio neto: $28 mil millones
Stefan PerssonAcerca: Ejecutivo empresarial y principal accionista del Grupo Hennes & Mauritz, así como hijo de su fundador, Erling Persson. Las tindas para presupuesto bajos H&M, se expandieron rápidamente por toda Europa y los EE.UU.

#10. Christy R. Walton – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $28.2 mil millones
Christy R. WaltonAcerca: Christy Walton heredó la fortuna de su esposo John Walton, cuando él falleció en 2005. El padre de John Walton fue el fundador de las tiendas Wal-Mart, Sam Walton. Christy ocupó el primer lugar de “La lista de las mujeres más rica del 2012“.

#9. Bernard Arnault – Francia
Patrimonio neto: $29 mil millones
Bernard ArnaultAcerca: Arnault y su familia poseen una participación del 46 por ciento del conglomerado multinacional francés ‘LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton’, dueño de más de 60 marcas de renombre alrededor del mundo. LVMH es considerado el mayor fabricante mundial de artículos de lujo.

#8. Liliane Bettencourt – Francia
Patrimonio neto: $30 mil millones
Liliane BettencourtAcerca: Bettencourt es la heredera de la fortuna L’Oreal. Mientras que todavía técnicamente es la mujer más rica de Europa, un juez ordenó en octubre que la fortuna de la anciana multimillonaria se coloquen bajo el control legal de su hija y nietos. La billonaria heredera vendio su increíble isla privada en Seychelles por $60 millones.

#7. Li Ka-Shing – Hong Kong
Patrimonio neto: $31 mil millones
Li Ka-ShingAcerca: El hombre más rico de Hong Kong, Ka-Shing en la actualidad se desempeña como presidente de Hutchison Whampoa, un conglomerado con intereses en el transporte marítimo y la construcción. También posee una importante cartera de bienes raíces.

#6. David Koch – Estados Unidos (empatados)
Patrimonio neto: $34 mil millones
David KochAcerca: Junto con su hermano Charles Koch, es co-propietario y el presidente ejecutivo de la compañia Koch Industries, una de las mayores compañías privadas en el mundo.

#6. Charles Koch – Estados Unidos (empatados)
Patrimonio neto: $34 mil millones
Charles KochAcerca: Es co-propietario y presidente ejecutivo de la compañia, Koch Industries, junto con su hermano menor, David Koch.

#5. Larry Ellison – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $43 mil millones
Larry EllisonAcerca: Ellison es el fundador de la compañia Oracle. Un dato curioso es que Larry no terminó sus estudios universitarios. Tambien es considerado como excéntrico por sus gustos extravagantes. Acaba de comprar una isla completa en Hawaí por $600 millones.

#4. Warren Buffett – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $53.5 mil millones
Warren BuffettAcerca: Lo llaman el “Oráculo de Omaha” y es considerado como uno de los más grandes inversionistas del planeta – Mr. Buffett es el presidente ejecutivo de la multinacional Berkshire Hathaway, así como tambien el principal accionista de la mega compañía.

#3. Amancio Ortega Gaona – Españamayor ganador Patrimonio neto: $57 mil millones
Amancio OrtegaEl Mayor Ganador del Año: billonario español, Amancio Ortega, fue el mayor ganador de este año en la lista de billonarios de Forbes, saltando dos plazas para convertirse en el tercer hombre más rico del mundo, con un patrimonio neto de $57 billones de dólares. Su patrimonio neto creció más que cualquier billonario de la famosa lista: $19.5 millones, empujando su fortuna neta a niveles récord.
Amancio Ortega es dueño de la cadena de tiendas Zara, unidad de la compañía matriz Inditex, que también posee las marcas Massimo Dutti, Bershka y Pull and Bear. El señor Ortega posee casi el 60% de Inditex y además nunca concede entrevistas.

#2. Bill Gates – Estados Unidos
Patrimonio neto: $67 mil millones
Bill GatesAcerca: Bill Gates es el fundador de la empreza del software Microsoft, a persar que fue a estudiar a la Universidad de Harvard, no termino sus estudios universitarios para fundar su Microsoft. El segundo hombre más rico del planeta posee una de las casa más grande y con la tecnología más avanzada del planeta.

#1. Carlos Slim Helu – Mexico
Patrimonio neto: $73 mil millones
Carlos Slim HelúAcerca: Slim Helú provino de orígenes humildes. Su padre era un zapatero inmigrante y Slim construyó su fortuna desde prácticamente cero. Y a pesar de que tiene miles de millones ahora, sus amigos dicen que usa trajes baratos y prefiere la pluma y el papel a las computadoras. Conosca más acerca Slim Helu
Para ver la lista completa de 2013 presione [Aquí]

          SINTESIS "BASTA DE HISTORIAS CAPITULO 1 Y 2"   
Como dice su autor Andrés Oppenheimer, este libro te abre los ojos antes lo que vivimos y literalmente después de leer este libro por fin se puede decir “Basta de historias”.  Andrés Oppenheimer en su texto basta de historia realiza una investigación profunda sobre las causas del atraso de los países latinoamericanos frente a estados unidos, Finlandia y países asiáticos.

Se fundamenta en entrevistas efectuadas a personajes como Bill Gates, Joseph stiglitz y discursos de los principales presidentes de América latina. Nuestro notorio atraso se origina en un enfoque de comprimida frente al nivel de educación en el área primaria, secundaria y universitaria. No existe un apoyo significativo de la industria privada a la educación quedándonos siempre rezagados por no tener la visión global de que en la educación se basa el futuro de un país. Debe invertirse una gran parte de los recursos de los países de América latina en favoreces el sistema de educación para así lograr ser competitivos. Por el contrario los presidentes latinoamericanos y caribeños gastan sus energías en discursos sobre el pasado, en pelearse cadáveres de ex presidentes y héroes cuando nada de esto tiene que ver con nuestra realidad ya que su decir y su hacer deben estar enfocados en trabajar por el futuro orientando sus países en avanzar por el camino de la ciencia y la tecnología. Nuestros países se distinguen por ser ricos en recursos naturales y esto los lleva   a confiarse que sean la fuente de los ingresos   descartando las áreas que tengan que ver con la computación la ciencia y tecnología y mientras no se dirijan los esfuerzos hacia estas áreas no se podrá avanzar y reducir la pobreza con mayor rapidez. Está demostrado que países sin ningún tipo de recursos naturales tienen mejores sistemas educativos como Singapur. Claramente esta demostrado en estas paginas lo imperativo de internacionalizar la educación   tal como lo han hecho países como Singapur y Finlandia. Debemos abrir nuestras puertas a las universidades extranjeras y enviar nuestros estudiantes en intercambias que les fortalezcan sus conocimientos y les amplíen sus mentes.


CAPITULO 1: HAY QUE MIRAR PARA ADELANTE

Hace referencia que prácticamente todos los países de Latinoamérica no tenemos un buen desarrollo gracias a que no miramos mas allá y estamos estancados con el pasado, esto hasta cierto punto puede generar un retroceso en vez de que sea positivo.

Uno de los factores más importantes, el principal, es la educación. La calidad de la educación no ha generado un importante avance en los países de Latinoamérica, mientras que en los países más desarrollados como Suecia, Alemania, Suiza y en general toda Europa entendió que una buena educación es la clave para tener un buen crecimiento en el futuro, si bien es cierto que nuestro pasado es importante y que forma parte de nuestra cultura no podemos vivir y seguir analizando la muerte de Alfaro mientras que hay un montón de problemas sociales y económicos por resolver.

Las ciudades han sido creadas para los carros y no a los humanos, debido a que una persona no puede transitar por las calles libremente porque se encuentra con el peligro de ser arrollado por los conductores. Ya que no hay sitios para la movilización peatonal y las que realmente ahí son muy pequeñas para todas las personas que viven en las ciudades y son muy peligrosas por que al otro lado se encuentran las calles donde transitan los carros a altas velocidades que efectúan esas maquinas debido a que las vías fueron creadas para brindar una rápida   movilidad.

Este escritor Andres Oppenheimer saca a la luz este libro en el momento en que Latinoamérica está festejando el bicentenario de su independencia, donde se da a notar que los latinoamericanos estamos preocupado por el pasado y no nos enfocamos en el futuro. Este libro argumenta que los países latinoamericanos están demasiado inmersos en una revisión constante de su historia, que los distrae de lo que debería de ser su principal prioridad: mejorar sus sistemas educativos. Es verdad que sin poblaciones con altos niveles de educación, la región no podrá competir en la nueva era de la economía del conocimiento, donde los productos de alta tecnología se cotizan mucho mas en los mercados mundiales que las materia primas, o las manufactura con poco valor agregado.


CAPITULO 2: FINLANDIA EL CAMPEÓN DEL MUNDO

En Finlandia, desde las escuelas primarias los alumnos estudian alrededor de 14 hrs, pero es increíble ver que aquí en México los niños de escuelas primarias estudian de 4 hrs, la apatía de aquí de México es muy grande   comparada con la de Finlandia.

En ese país para poder ser maestro o educador es necesario estudiar la universidad  así como posgrados y no cualquier persona es maestro en cambio aquí en México la calidad de maestros que cuentan las escuelas es muy baja con excepción a uno que otro y para llegar a ser maestros aquí en México solo es cuestión de tener ``palancas´´ o un papel falso el cual diga maestro en……. Otro punto importante es que en Finlandia están obsesionados   con las lenguas extranjeras (ingles, Francés etc), que hasta los propios maestros lo mandan a cursos para que se actualicen y tengan un mayor nivel académico sus alumnos y así mismos como persona. Aquí en nuestro país es todo lo contrario, ya que un ejemplo claro somos nosotros como estudiantes de turismo es absurdo que siendo de esta carrera no llevemos ingles en el ultimo semestre.

Es necesario que la inversión para el estudio sea muy relevante para poder obtener un México diferente y acabar un poco con la delincuencia sin embargo muchos jóvenes dejan los estudios para poder así trabajar y ayudarle a sus padres con la economía del hogar, el presidente debería de estar preocupado por la educación y no por el narcotráfico ya que si ahorita la educación es mayor se vera reflejado en metas alargo plazo.

Según él, una de las mayores problemáticas estuvo fundamentada en la idea errónea de que el único problema que había era el aumento de cobertura educativa en el país. "Por ejemplo, no hubo un trato efectivo a problemas tan serios como el de la disciplina y la violencia escolar, a su vez, no se tuvo en cuenta un fenómeno que tiene que ver con el verdadero papel que está jugando el maestro", explicó Torres. Mala distribución de los recursos

          Four ideas for the future   

A picture named spaceWoman.jpg1. I love public radio and television, but it's time for them to become two-way media. Next time we go to war, and we seem to be doing that all-too-regularly, we must be certain that the kinds of conversations that ordinary people have about the motives of our political leaders make it onto the airwaves. And I'd like to know what the pundits are saying when they go out to dinner, not just when they're on the air. Many people thought Bush was lying in the lead-up to the war, now let's reform the media so those thoughts get proper coverage in time to avoid future national catastrophes.

2. I'd like to be able to pay a web company like Amazon or Google a one-time flat fee to host my content for perpetuity. I'd deposit my writing with them, on the web, and not worry about whether or not my heirs will keep paying the hosting bills to keep it alive. Today I'm hosting the weblog of my departed uncle (who I miss terribly!), I don't mind doing it, but what will happen when I pass? I'd gladly pay $10,000 to be sure my site and his survive my death. Long-lived institutions like Harvard University or Mount Auburn Cemetary (in Boston), even insurance companies, could get into this business. Think of it as a personal endowment, it would work like the money richer people leave behind as memorials to their own lives, or lives of loved ones.

A picture named declaration.gif3. Another idea along these lines, I'd like to pay a few bucks to beam my thoughts to a nearby solar system that might have intelligent life. Back in the seventies, I thought it was really cool when we sent a satellite into the cosmos with a copy of the Magna Carta and Declaration of Independence and some Chuck Berry tunes (and Beethoven and Bach as well). I think this should be available to ordinary people like you and I, possibly for a fee. Maybe they could run a contest or have a reality show for people who don't want to spend the money.

4. I'm in favor of ideas that capture the imagination, because I think we don't have enough of them when it comes to solving problems we must deal with. If I were Bill Gates, I might send a copy of Windows Vista to Alpha Centauri (of course with a computer to run it on) and hold a contest for kids to write software that aliens might appreciate. One can be pretty sure that because of global warming or the war on terror or loose nukes that our terrestrial backups probably aren't much good, long-term, but the stuff we send out into the cosmos might actually survive us. Do we have any ideas worth preserving? Hmmm. We might generate some if we had a reason to.


          'LAUGH TIME' : Why did the chicken cross the road?   
Here is an adapted version of the chicken joke for your entertainment. Enjoy!

----------

RONALD FISHER: Why does it have to be a chicken? Why not a frog, turkey, or pig? We randomly try to a have chicken, frog, turkey and pig cross the road 10 times each. We then compare the mean number of times each animal crossed the road to determine if there's a difference in means.

SARAH PALIN: The chicken crossed the road because, gosh-darn it, he's a maverick!

BARACK OBAMA: The chicken crossed the road because it was time for change! The chicken wanted change!

JOHN McCAIN: My friends, that chicken crossed the road because he recognized the need to engage in cooperation and dialogue with all the chickens on the other side of the road.

HILLARY CLINTON: When I was First Lady, I personally helped that little chicken to cross the road. This experience makes me uniquely qualified to ensure right from Day One that every chicken in this country gets the chance it deserves to cross the road. But then, this really isn't about me.

GEORGE W. BUSH: We don't really care why the chicken crossed the road. We just want to know if the chicken is on our side of the road, or not. The chicken is either against us, or for us. There is no middle ground here.

TONY BLAIR:
I agree with George.

DICK CHENEY: Where's my gun?

COLIN POWELL: Now to the left of the screen, you can clearly see the satellite image of the chicken crossing the road.

BILL CLINTON: I did not cross the road with that chicken.

JOHN KERRY: Although I voted to let the chicken cross the road, I am now against it! It was the wrong road to cross, and I was misled about the chicken's intentions. I am not for it now, and will remain against it.

DR. PHIL: The problem we have here is that this chicken won't realize that he must first deal with the problem on this side of the road before it goes after the problem on the other side of the road. What we need to do is help him realize how stupid he's acting by not taking on his current problems before adding new problems.

OPRAH: Well, I understand that the chicken is having problems, which is why he wants to cross this road so bad. So instead of having the chicken learn from his mistakes and take falls, which is a part of life, I'm going to give this chicken a NEW CAR so that he can just drive across the road and not live his life like the rest of the chickens.

NANCY GRACE: That chicken crossed the road because he's guilty! You can see it in his eyes and the way he walks.

MARTHA STEWART: No one called me to warn me which way that chicken was going. I had a standing order at the Farmer's Market to sell my eggs when the price dropped to a certain level. No little bird gave me any insider information.

JOHN LENNON: Imagine all the chickens in the world crossing roads together, in peace.

BILL GATES: I have just released eChicken2010, which will not only cross roads, but will lay eggs, file your important documents, and balance your checkbook. Internet Explorer is an integral part of eChicken2010. This new platform is much more stable and will never reboot.

AUGUST MOBIUS: To get to the same side.

ISAAC NEWTON: Chickens at rest tend to stay at rest. Chickens in motion tend to cross the road.

WERNER HEISENBERG: We are not sure which side of the road the chicken was on, but it was moving very fast.

JERRY SEINFELD: Why does anyone cross a road? I mean, why doesn't anyone ever think to ask, "What the heck was this chicken doing walking all over the place anyway?"

AL GORE: I will fight for the chickens and I will not disappoint them. Did I mention that I invented roads?

KEN STARR: I intend to prove that the chicken crossed the road at the behest of the president of the United States of America in an effort to distract law enforcement officials and the American public from the criminal wrongdoing our highest elected official has been trying to cover up. As a result, the chicken is just another pawn in the president's ongoing and elaborate scheme to obstruct justice and undermine the rule of law. For that reason, my staff intends to offer the chicken unconditional immunity provided he cooperates fully with our investigation. Furthermore, the chicken will not be permitted to reach the other side of the road until our investigation and any Congressional follow-up investigations have been completed.

PAT BUCHANAN: To steal a job from a decent, hardworking American.

DR. SEUSS: Did the chicken cross the road? Did he cross it with a toad? Yes! The chicken crossed the road, but why it crossed, I've not been told!

MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: I envision a world where all chickens will be free to cross roads without having their motives called into question.

GRANDPA: In my day, we didn't ask why the chicken crossed the road. Someone told us that the chicken crossed the road, and that was good enough for us.

ARISTOTLE: It is the nature of chickens to cross the road.

KARL MARX: It was a historical inevitability.

SADDAM HUSSEIN: This was an unprovoked act of rebellion and we were quite justified in dropping 50 tons of nerve gas on it.

CAPTAIN JAMES T. KIRK: To boldly go where no chicken has gone before.

FOX MULDER: You saw it cross the road with your own eyes. How many more chickens have to cross before you believe it?

MACHIAVELLI: The point is that the chicken crossed the road. Who cares why? The end of crossing the road justifies whatever motive there was.

FREUD: The fact that you are at all concerned that the chicken crossed the road reveals your underlying sexual insecurity.

ALBERT EINSTEIN: Did the chicken really cross the road or did the road move beneath the chicken?

IMMANUEL KANT: The chicken was acting out of a sense of duty to cross the road, as chickens have traditionally crossed roads throughout history.

COLONEL SANDERS: I missed one?

RICHARD M. NIXON: The chicken did not cross the road. I repeat, the chicken did not cross the road. I don't know any chickens. I have never known any chickens.

JANOS von NEUMANN: The chicken is distributed probabilistically on all sides of the road until you observe it on your side.

BARBARA WALTERS: Isn't that interesting? In a few moments, we will be listening to the chicken tell, for the first time, the heart warming story of how it experienced a serious case of molting, and went on to accomplish its life long dream of crossing the road.

ANDERSON COOPER, CNN: We have reason to believe there is a chicken, but we have not yet been allowed to have access to the other side of the road.

DONALD RUMSFELD: Now to the left of the screen, you can clearly see the satellite image of the chicken crossing the road.

ANDRE AMPERE: To keep up with current events.

ROBERT BOYLE: She had been under too much pressure at home.

JAMES WATT: It thought it would be a good way to let off steam.

THOMAS EDISON: She thought it would be an illuminating experience.

JEAN FOUCALT: It didn't. The rotation of the earth made it appear to cross.

KARL GAUSS: Because of the magnetic personality of the rooster on the other side.

GUSATV HERTZ: Lately, its been crossing with greater frequency.

GEORG OHM: There was more resistance on this side of the road.

ERWIN SCHRODINGER: Since the wording of the question implies the absence of an observer (else the fowl's motivation might easily be deduced), it is evident that the chicken simultaneously did and did not cross the road. In the face of this, any speculation as to the bird's purpose must be viewed as mere sophistry - and as such is beyond the bounds of this discussion.

JULIUS CAESAR:
It came, it saw, it crossed.

DARWIN:
Chickens, over great periods of time, have been naturally selected in such a way that they are now genetically positioned to cross roads.

NIGER DELTA MILITANTS:
The chicken only crossed to get her share of national cake

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION:
The chicken crossing will further spread Avian Flu to another unprepared country.

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC: "… and as we watch the lone chicken undertake this hazardous journey, we can only wonder at the awesome nature of this dangerous, yet necessary, migration. …"

THE ROCK (WWF):
If you saw me coming, you'd be crossing the road too!


Adapted from http://stat.fsu.edu/~chicken/webfiles/q.html and a few other sources
          Storm gathers over Davos   
It's Tuesday, it's snowing, I'm already cold ... it can only be Davos.

Technically the World Economic Forum doesn't begin until Wednesday, but in the mind of its thousands of participants and millions of observers, the debate has already begun.

Whereas the "R" word was merely "on everyone's lips" last week, here it will be the lingua franca; a common currency uniting politician and economist, film star and human rights campaigner. And if there was ever a time to sandwich "economic" back between the bread and butter of "world" and "forum," it'd be now.

What should have been a gradual start to proceedings for CNN evolved quickly into a decision to immediately ramp up coverage following a rout of epic proportions on global equity markets. The gathering storm: gathered. Time to sideline cliches and focus on the task in hand. Richard Quest and Todd Benjamin are already putting the world to rights; paving the way for the likes of Bill Gates, Bono and Queen Rania ... All of whom we'll talk to in the coming days.

The snow is coming down heavier and heavier right now and the circus is moving into town, train by train, car by car, bus by bus. Not two by two, but 4x4 and with snow chains. Helicopters have been put off by the snow, but the security is already a thick blanket enveloping Davos. Soldiers drill in the snow while workers drill inside the conference building, still adding the finishing touches to the corridors of power. An Alpine town of barbed wire and beauty. You get the sense that participants will be knee deep in two things this week.

Some say this Swiss ski resort is a last resort, a chance to brainstorm and solve what lies in wait for our world. Others consider the Forum a sort of mental chewing gum, refreshing and stimulating but ultimately always discarded. Talking off camera with WEF's founder Klaus Schwab he was quick to point out that last year's debate highlighted the rising damp of the US subprime market, showing that Davos is "on the money."

Afterwards I wondered why, with so many of the financial elite gathered, it took them more than six months to act? Some of those who discussed the issue last year have now lost their jobs to subprime; their skiing will be done elsewhere at this time of year.

So as the resort gradually fills with both participants, snow and expectation in equal measures, I may opt for a brief chance to sleep. My one window of skiing opportunity closed by the virtual white out. Still, already I am feeling the first clutch of fatigue, and I sense that as the peace of Davos is disturbed by economic disquiet, an extra dose of rest is exactly what the doctor ordered. Perhaps the global economy could do with the same. Ben Bernanke, can you hear me?

-- From CNNI Senior Planning Editor James Partington
             
A picture named larrySergey.jpgI agree with John Battelle that Google is not a Netscape, but what a joke to think that Larry and Sergey are the next Bill Gates. John, when Gates was younger, he was a constant evangelist, deal-maker, BOGUer. He'd do anything to win. Larry and Sergey are, by comparison, cloistered, insulated, aloof bordering on arrogant. I'm sure they're smart, but in an academic way, which isn't the same thing as being smart in a commercial way. All their second acts have been duds, they're still lookiing for another hit. Also, they pick the wrong battles to fight, ones that have no bearing on their success. And they're really shitty at building consensus behind a developer platform, something that Bill excelled at, in the old days, when he was trying.
          GoodWorld & Tsū, Social Networks With Charitable Algorithms   
GoodWorld & Tsū, Social Networks With Charitable AlgorithmsA new era of ‘social giving’ has entered our zeitgeist. Fundraising is no longer an activity practiced solely by wealthy philanthropists. Folks who have a passion for giving don’t have to be members of the elite, the likes of the Bill Gates or the Jimmy Buffets of this world. Today’s social networking is providing folks of lesser means with a conduit to working for the greater good.
          Comment on 124 – Social Mobility: Getting a Raise in Anglo Saxon Kingdoms by Garry Palmer   
Love the Bill Gates analogy, very thought provoking. I tend to picture Anglo-Saxon kings as Vito Corleone type figures, from now Don Corleone will have a significantly higher bank balance.
          Bill Gates - The World's Best Affiliate Salesman?   
So What Have I Learned From Bill Gates? Build a product that can distributed or downloaded easily. Well the Windows operating system is pretty much all of that. No matter how serious the R&D is to develop their software, you can buy it easy online or in a store, and it's all sitting on very inexpensive CD's. Brilliant!
          Cryptocurrency - Who Are Involved With It?   
cryptocurrency involved

Since the moment of Bitcoin’s appearance, I started some kind of a heavy research about the people involved with it and what the top entrepreneurs can say something regarding the blockchain technology and cryptocurrency.

A number of very notable and remarkable quotes from powerful global business entrepreneurs aware of their opinions that is related to blockchain technology, virtual currencies, cryptocurrencies, digital currencies and free payment systems.

Bill Gates, the Founder of Microsoft

"In the future, financial transactions will be digital, universal and almost free."

Ben Bernanke, Ex-Chairman of Federal Reserve

"Virtual currencies may hold long-term promise, particularly if the innovations promote a faster, more secure and more efficient payment system."

Sir Richard Branson, the Founder of Virgin

"It feels strange to think of a world without cash, no more coins or notes to find down the back of the sofa, but it appears that's the way things are heading."

One vital note is to take after sort of speak money trail. As one may have observe the investment of Venture Capital with these digital technologies and currencies which increased from just two million in 2012 to one billion in 2015.

Up to this date, no less than eleven top investment banks distinguished is R3 which is an industry wide corporation of forty-two (42) investment banks which are interested in these technologies. In no particular order, the banks are BMO Financial Group, Barclays, Australia’s Commonwealth Bank, Credit Suisse, Natixis, HSBC, Scotland’s Royal Bank, UBS, TD Bank, Wells Fargo and UniCredit.

There are also other banking titans like CITI Banks, Bank of America and many other not tagged here which are being tangled in this technology.

Most of the common everyday person have either not heard of this, no form of idea or not really interested to learn anything about this concept, and I am pretty sure of it.

To those people who takes even a little bit of their time research or learn this subject, you may end up asking yourself if it is worth it to spending time for. But my answer to you is a big YES!

I am very much interested to conduct a discussion on this concept especially on the process of capitalizing this...


          Startup Misconceptions: Pursue Your Passion and the Money Will Follow   

Entrepreneurship is hard. REALLY hard. But with countless tales of how entrepreneurs made it big with almost nothing, it’s easy for a budding founder to jump into the startup world full of unbridled enthusiasm.

Luckily, Startup Misconceptions is here to clear up the myths, delusions, and fancies surrounding entrepreneurship, with useful advice from experts. So, sorry if we rain on your parade, but we believe a successful entrepreneur is a prepared entrepreneur. You’ll thank us later.

In this installment, we disprove the myth that if you do what you love, money will follow. Although we live in a society that values passion and conviction in individuals, that won’t necessarily translate into money in your pocket.

Do want to REALLY learn how to launch a successful startup? Then the Founder Institute wants you. Apply today!

Myth 1: Passion is all you need to start a business.

Reality: Having passion for what you’re doing doesn’t mean you’ll be successful in the world of business. Most people believe that to become good at something, you have to love doing it. In the article "If You Love What You Do Money Will Come?", Lisa Patrick writes “When you love doing something, you will naturally become good at it simply because you love doing it and you spend time doing it.” While authors like Malcolm Gladwell may agree with this, as it is the best way in which to reach the 10,000 hours required to become a master at something, this does not necessarily translate into a successful business. There are other things required to become successful, and while passion is certainly important, it does not come in first place. In an article for Entrepreneur Magazine, Mark Henricks quotes Peter Russo, director of the Entrepreneurial Management Institute at Boston University.

I've heard from many people [who think] that because they have a good idea, the money will come. But you also have to have a good network and be able to attract investors just as you would customers.”

Myth 2: All successful entrepreneurs follow their passion.

Reality: Not all entrepreneurs have a great passion, many simply find a problem they want to solve and go into business. As Rob Ashgar explains in "Five Reasons to Ignore the Advice to Do What You Love", “The overwhelming majority of people don’t have a passion, or have multiple.”  When many people think of passion creating wealth, business giants like Steve Jobs or Bill Gates come to mind. However, at least in the case of Steve Jobs, we find that passion had nothing to do with his success

If he followed his overriding lifelong passion, Jobs would have become a great Zen teacher. Instead he meandered barefooted as a dilettante through early-adulthood, lacked follow-through, and only serendipitously stumbled into technology, management and marketing.”

Myth 3: Everyone shares your passion.

Reality: Just because you are passionate about your business doesn’t mean other people will value it. “Sometimes your passion won’t align with what other people need," writes Jonathan Mead in "Why Passion Won’t Build a Business". The most important thing a business can do is offer a product or service that people actually want or need. This leads to the final issue with the myth of following your passion. As Mark Henricks of Entrepreneur Magazine explains,

A lot of people who feel that passionate about their business put on blinders about the economic viability of the business."

What this means is that sometimes people will so ardently pursue their passion that they don’t realize that nobody is interested in their product. Passion for a business can certainly help you overcome many obstacles, but, it can also blind you from the fact that your business may not be viable.

If you're still passionate about starting a tech company, the Founder Institute can help you get started. Click here to find a program near you.


          Anatomy of a Geek   

I just got tagged by my old friend Jacob Sebastian at Beyond Relational, and it turns out it's my turn to explain how I became such a geek :)

Way back in the day I got my start on the TRS-80 Model III (affectionately known as the "Trash-80s"), a nice little Z-80 based desktop computer with an 80x25 monochrome screen and a whopping 64KB of memory.  When I say "desktop", I mean it could fill an entire desktop :)  After playing some games written in BASIC on it I started getting curious about what made the games work.  So I started reverse-engineering them and eventually got to where I could actually write my own games on it.  Around that same time I got to start writing code on a Commodore 64 (oh, the colors and sounds!)  Of course creating database applications on a computer with 64KB of memory, a processor designed to run toaster ovens and a tape drive proved a little more challenging than I cared for :)

Inside a Geek's Brain

Fast-forward a few years - I started writing Turbo Pascal ("terrible Pascal" anyone?) programs on PC compatibles (the ones with the incredible 16 color palette -- only 4 colors viewable at any one time...)  And my memory suddenly spiked up to 640KB ("no one will ever need more" -- I still believe it!)  I actually wrote several increasingly complex homemade database management programs myself during that time, until I finally got my hands on a copy of dBase and realised someone else had already built the database engine.  Talk about an epiphany--suddenly I could concentrate on designing databases and not database engines!

Around 1995 I was introduced to the world of relational databases with SQL Server 6.0. Since then I've been plugging away at SQL and learning new things with each new release.  I'm still fascinated at the potential of database systems and where we're headed.

I guess my best advice to anyone who wants to be a geek would be explore all the interesting code samples you can find and don't get discouraged, even when your code breaks on the first 99 runs :)

To continue the chain I'd like to tag a couple of folks that I'm personally interested in finding out about their start in this field:

* SQL Server guru extraodinaire, Adam Machanic
* THE Powershell Grandmaster (and Bill Gates body double), Allen White


          DI TEMUKAN PIRAMIDA RAKSASA DI SEGITIGA BERMUDA   
KERINCI:

 

 

Belum lama ini, beberapa ilmuwan Amerika, Perancis dan negara lainnya pada saat melakukan survey di area dasar laut Segitiga Bermuda, Samudera Atlantik, menemukan sebuah piramida berdiri tegak di dasar laut yangmeter, tingginya 200 meter, dan jarak ujung piramida ini dari permukaan laut sekitar 100 meter. tak pernah diketahui orang, berada dibawah ombak yang menggelora! Panjang sisi dasar piramida ini mencapai 300
Jika bicara tentang ukuran, piramida ini lebih besar skalanya dibandingkan dengan piramida Mesir kuno yang ada di darat. Di atas piramida terdapat dua buah lubang yang sangat besar, air laut dengan kecepatan tinggi melalui kedua lubang ini, dan oleh karena itu menggulung ombak yang mengamuk dengan membentuk pusaran raksasa yang membuat perairan disekitar ini menimbulkan ombak yang dahsyat menggelora dan halimun pada permukaan laut. Penemuan terbaru ini membuat para ilmuwan takjub.

Bagaimanakah orang dulu membangun piramida dan hidup didasar laut dengan lautnya yang gemuruh menggelora? Ada beberapa ilmuwan Barat yang berpendapat bahwa Piramida di dasar laut ini mungkin awalnya dibuat diatas daratan, lalu terjadi gempa bumi yang dahsyat, dan tenggelam ke dasar laut seiring dengan perubahan di darat. Ilmuwan lainnya berpendapat bahwa beberapa ratus tahun yang silam perairan di area Segitiga Bermuda mungkin pernah sebagai salah satu landasan aktivitas bangsa Atlantis, dan Piramida di dasar laut tersebut mungkin sebuah gudang pemasokan mereka.





Ada juga yang curiga bahwa Piramida mungkin sebuah tanah suci yang khusus dilindungi oleh bangsa Atlantis pada tempat yang mempunyai sejenis kekuatan dan sifat khas energi kosmosnya, dia (Piramida) bisa menarik dan mengumpulkan sinar kosmos, medan energi atau energi gelombang lain yang belum diketahui.dan struktur pada bagian dalamnya mungkin adalah resonansi gelombang mikro, yang memiliki efek terhadap suatu benda dan menghimpun sumber energi lainnya.

Benarkah demikian? Master Li Hongzhi dalam buku Zhuan Falun mempunyai penjelasan tentang penemuan peradaban prasejarah sebagai berikut ;

“Di atas bumi ada benua Asia, Eropa, Amerika Selatan, Amerika Utara, Oceania, Afrika dan benua Antartika, yang oleh ilmuwan geologi secara umum disebut ‘lempeng kontinental’. Sejak terbentuknya lempeng kontinental sampai seakrang, sudah ada sejarah puluhan juta tahun. Dapat dikatakan pula bahwa banyak daratan berasal dari dasar laut yang naik ke atas, ada juga banyak daratan yang tenggelam ke dasar laut, sejak kondisi ini stabil sampai keadaan sekarang , sudah bersejarah puluhan juta tahun.

Namun dibanyak dasar laut, telah ditemukan sejumlah bangunan yang tinggi besar dengan pahatan yang sangat indah, dan bukan berasal dari warisan budaya umat manusia modern, jadi pasti bangunan yang telah dibuat sebelum ia tenggelam ke dasar laut.” Dipandang dari sudut ini, misteri asal mula Piramida dasar laut ini sudah dapat dipecahkan.

10 RAMALAN DUNIA YANG HAMPIR MENJADI KENYATAAN

RADAR JAMBI: TONI.S
10 Ramalan Masa Depan Yang Gagal Dilaksanakan
future_city_downtownSUKA nonton film fiksi ilmiah tentang kehidupan masa depan? Jika iya, Anda pasti melihat gambaran masa depan yang hampir sama: mobil terbang bersliweran dan robot di mana-mana.
future_city_downtown
Selain itu, banyak film yang meramalkan kejadian itu terjadi di abad ke-21 (Film 2001: Space Odyssey (1968) bahkan menyebut bepergian ke luar angkasa jamak dilakukan di tahun 2001!). Well, kita sudah hendak melampaui 10 tahun pertama abad ke-21. Tapi, di jalanan belum ada mobil terbang atau robot jadi pembantu di rumah kita.
Hm, menyalin dari Time, daftar ini dibuat untuk mengingatkan apa saja ramalan yang sudah dibuat manusia tentang kehidupan di masa depan tapi belum jadi nyata (hingga kini).


star-trek-wetsuits-

2. Manusia Bumi Pakai Baju Seragam
star-trek-wetsuits-2.jpeg
Jerry Seinfield pernah membuat lelocun lucu soal ini: “Setiap kali saya melihat film atau serial TV berisi orang di masa depan atau dari planet berbeda, semuanya pakai baju yang sama. Sepertinya, ada suatu saat mereka memutuskan, ‘Baiklah, cukup. Mulai dari sekarang, baju ini akan jadi seragam kita: baju ketat warna perak dengan tanda V di dada dan sepatu bot. Itu sudah cukup. Kita ingin pergi ke planet lain danmesti terlihat sebagai satu tim.” Di serial TV dan film-film Star Trek, Battlestar Galactica, atau berbagai film tentang penjelajahan luar angkasa, semua orang mengenakan seragam yang sama atau kalaupun beda warna, motif busananya sama. Sepertinya, semua orang di masa depan mendapat perintah untuk membuang semua baju di lemari mereka dan hanya punya satu jenis baju: pakaian seragam. Untungnya, kita masih ingin terlihat beda dari orang lain dan lebih nyaman tak pakai seragam saat bepergian.

3.jet-pack-thunderballJet Packs
jet-pack-thunderball
Jet Packs adalah semacam jet yang difungsikan mirip tas punggung. Alih-alih memanggul tas, punggung Anda memanggul mesin jet yang kemudian bisa menerbangkan Anda. Awalnya, ide ini muncul tahun 1920-an di majalah fiksi ilmiah seperti Amazing Stories dan lalu muncul lagi di salah satu film James Bond (Thunderball) dan komik (dan film) The Rocketeer. Asal tahu saja, Nazi Jerman pernah serius melakukan penelitian dengan mengikatkan mesin jet ke tubuh para pilot mereka lalu mencoba terbang di atas lapangan. Tapi, percoban itu tak pernah betul-betulberhasil. Tapi, impian membuat jet packs tak perbnah pudar. Tahun ini, kata Time, sebuah perusahaan pembuat pesawat di Selandia Baru Martin Aircraft Company menandatangani kesepakatan kerja sama senilai $12 juta untuk mulai membuat jet packs dan akhirnya anti akan dijual bebas. Hm, semoga segera jadi nyata.

4.pill_mealMakanan dalam Bentuk Pil
pill_meal
Makanan di masa depan diramalkan akan muncul dalam bentuk pil. Sekali makan pil, sudah kenyang. Hal ini sulit jadi nyata karena rata-rata setiap orang butuh 2 ribu kalori sehari. Jika kalori dipadatkan dan jadi sebutir pil, kita tetap harus menelan setngah pon pil sehari. Itu belum termasuk karbohidrat, protein, dan vitamin-vitamin yang berguna lainnya. Hm, masih lebih enak makan seiris pizza atau cheese burger, ya? Kendati begitu, bukan berarti mimpi makan semacam pil sirna. Peneliti di Institute of Food Research di Norwich, Inggris, mengatakan mereka sedang dalam tahap akhir mencipta permen yang rasanya seperti makan penuh.




5.worldwide_governmentPemerintahan Dunia

worldwide_government
Di banyak serial TV atau film fiksi ilmiah mulai dari Star Trek, Babylon 5, dan macam-macam lagi, dunia tak lagi terdiri dari berbagai negara, tapi ada satu penerintahan tunggal yang memerintah seluruh manusia di bumi. Pemerintahan itu bisa berwujud Federasi, Pesekutuan, atau bahkan PBB. Bagaimana pemerintahan dunia muncul? Robert Heinlein, yang menulis novel Starship Troopers (yang kemudian difilmkan 1997), memberi penjelasan bagaimana satu pemerintahan dunia tercipta. Pemerintahan global Terran Federation tercipta setelah banyak negara demokratis jatuh pada kekacauan pada abad ke-21, yang kemudian memberi kesempatan militer mengambil alih dan mendirikan negara tunggal di dunia. Wah, jangan sampai kejadian deh.

6.flying-carsMobil Terbang
flying-cars
Mobil terbang adalah gambaran paling umum dari sebuah dunia masa depan. Kota di masa depan pasti dipenuhi mobil-mobil terbang bersliweran. Budaya pop, lewat film, komik, serial TV, melanggengkan gambaran itu. Serial The Jetsons, trilogi Back to the Future, Blade Runner hingga The Fifth Element menampilkan mobil-mobil terbang. Seharusnya, mobil terbang tidak terlalu sulit terwujud. Kita sudah punya mobil dan pesawat terbang. Lalu, apa susahnya membuat mobil terbang? Well, mungkin memang sulit membangun mesin terbang dengan kapasitas sebuah mobil. Kita tunggu saja.

7.time_machinePerjalanan Melintasi Waktu
time_machine
Kita sudah digoda berkali-kali bahwa perjalanan waktu dimungkinkan lewat karya sastra (The Time Machine), film (Back to the Future, Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure), dan TV (Quantum Leap, Time Trax, Doraemon). Tapi, hingga kini, konsep jalan-jalan ke masa lalu atau masa depan masih fiksi. Kecuali jika Anda percaya kalau Bill Gates dan Steve Jobs adalah manusia dari masa depan yang membocorkan teknologi masa depan pada kita.

teleportationTeleportasi
Pasti asyik bisa berpindah tempat dalam sekejap dari satu tempat ke tempat lain. Kita tak butuh mobil, pesawat, atau kendaraan lain, dan tentu, akan menghemat waktu. Masalah kemacetan Jakarta sirna bila kita bisa menemukan tweknologi ini. Tapi sayang, teknologi ni hingga sekarang masih fiksi alias baru ada di serial Star Trek dan semacamnya. Walau masih fiksi, langkah mewujudkannya jadi nyata tengah digagas. Sejumlah fisikawan, dan bahkan Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat, meneliti apa manusia bisa berpindah tempat lewat semacam lubang cacing. Semoga cepat-cepat jadi nyata deh.

8.underwater_cityKota Bawah Laut
teleportation Selain luar angkasa yang tanpa batas, lautan yang dalam juga memberi misteri serupa. James Cameron membuat The Abyss yang mengadaikan di dasar laut tinggal alien. Para pembuat film era lampau punya ide lebih segar: kota bawah laut! Film-film kelas B era 1950-an mengandaikan tokohnya tinggal bersama makhluk-makhluk amfibi manusia yang bernafas dengan insang dan tinggal di kota indah bawah laut. Sesungguhnya, dengan naiknya permukaan laut seiring pemanasan global, kita seharusnya memikirkan membangun kota bawah laut. Kota bawah laut memang belum ada, yang sudah ada hotel mewah di Dubai menawarkan sensasi makan malam di bawah laut.
underwater_city
cyborgManusia Cyborg
Setengah manusia, setengah mesin. Itulah cyborg alias cybernetic organism. Istilah ini muncul 1960-an dan terkenal tahun 1970-an lewat serial The Six Million Dollar Man. Di serial itu, setelah jadi setengah mesin, Steve Austin jadi “Better. Stronger. Faster.” Saat ini, sudah ada sejumlah manusia yang bagian tubuhnya diganti mesin—misalnya tangan mesin pengganti tangan yang hilang karena kecelakaan. Tapi, belum ada yang lantas jadi punya kekuatan super seperti Bionic Man, Bionic Woman, atau Robocop. Jika nanti jadi nyata, apa ada jaminan kekuatan super cyborg hanya dipakai untuk kebaikan? Hm, pikir-pikir dulu deh sebelum mencipta cyborg.
cyborg the-road-movieDunia yang Hancur Karena Bencana Besar
the-road-movie Sudah banyak film fiksi ilmiah meramalkan dunia masa depan bisa jadi suram. Bencana nuklir membinasakan miliaran manusia dan bumi tak lagi akrab untuk ditinggali.Atau, polusi yang demikian parah membuat bumi begitu rusak. Film-film Mad Max, The Road, Terminator, Wall-E, dan macam-macam lagi sudah meramal hal itu. Kita beruntung ramalan masa depan yang ini belum terjadi, dan semoga saja tidak.

SNIPER YANG DI PERSIAPKAN DAN CARA LATIHANYA SERTA LAPORAN TENTANG PERSENJATAAN

RADAR JAMBI: TONI.S


Teknik sniper…. Petembak runduk memiliki kemampuan khusus, latihan yang berlanjut dan peralatan yang unik. Tugasnya menembak sasaran dengan sangat akurat yang tidak mungkin dilakukan oleh petembak biasa dikarenakan factor jarak, ukuran, lokasi, kondisi alam, atau bentuk pandangan. Selain keahlian menembak, petembak runduk memerlukan keahlian dasar infanteri, kemampuan survival pada kondisi alam yang sulit, memiliki insting dan kesabaran yang tinggi.

Seni petembak runduk harus dipelajari dengan serius dan latihan yang rutin dan berlanjut. Latihan menembak tepat (marksman) dalam jarak jauh, serta keahlian menyatu dengan alam untuk memperkecil risiko operasi.

MISI PETEMBAK RUNDUK.


Misi Primer, dalam pertempuran untuk mendukung operasi tempur dengan melaksanakan penembakan tepat jarak jauh atas target pilihan. Dengan misinya, dapat melukai serdadu lawan, memperlambat gerakan lawan, membuat pasukan lawan menjadi takut dan menekan moralnya, serta mengacaukan operasi lawan.
Misi Sekunder, mengumpulkan dan melaporkan informasi medan tempur. Petembak runduk yang terlatih baik, kombinasi antara senapan dan amunisinya secara inherent, merupakan penunjang bagi komandan pasukan infanteri dilapangan. Yang penting bagi petembak runduk jangan mengukur jumlah korban yang diakibtakan, tetapi lebih kepada efek yang ditimbulkannya. Petembak runduk dapat saja merupakan anggota dari unit yang didukungnya, atau sebagai personil tambahan yang diambil dari unit lain.
Peran petembak runduk sangat unik dimana ia harus dapat menembak sasarannya pada jarak diluar jarak efektif senapan serbu biasa. Lebih lanjut lagi, apabila sasaran berada ditengah-tengah kerumunan personil sipil, atau dalam misi anti huru-hara.
Penggunaan senapan otomatis dalam sebuah operasi dapat melukai atau membunuh personil non-tempur. Petembak runduk dioperasikan dalam berbagai tingkatan konflik. Termasuk serangan konvensional dan dalam posisi bertahan dimana penembakan presisi dilakukan dalam jarak jauh. Termasuk juga dalam misi patroli, penyergapan, operasi kontra-sniper, elemen observasi depan, operasi militer diwilayah urban, dan operasi lainnya dimana petembak runduk merupakan bagian dari pasukan atau tinggal di belakang posisi pasukan lawan.

KRITERIA PEMILIHAN PERSONIL.

Calon peserta latihan petembak runduk harus disaring secara cermat. Komandan harus menyaring record individu untuk menentukan personil yang potensial menjadi petembak runduk. Petunjuk dasar penyaringan calon petembak runduk diantaranya:
1. Petembak tepat (Marksman). Peserta latihan sniper harus memiliki standar petembak tepat. Memiliki catatan kualifikasi tahunan yang tinggi. Sering mengikuti perlombaan menembak tahunan atau memiliki latar belakang hobi berburu.
2. Kondisi fisik. Karena sering beroperasi dimedan yang sulit dengan waktu tidur yang singkat serta bekal air dan makanan yang terbatas, kondisi fisik calon sniper harus sangat prima. Kondisi kesehatan prima dengan daya reflek yang tinggi, stamina dan kinerja otot tubuh yang baik. Memiliki rasa percaya diri yang tinggi dan atletis.
3. Sehat mata. Mata merupakan aset utama petembak runduk maka standar mata 20/20 vision menjadi salah satu syarat utama. Tidak berkacamata dan tidak buta warna.
4. Per okok. Petembak runduk disyaratkan bukan seorang perokok atau pengguna tembakau yang dapat menimbulkan bebauan.
5. Kondisi mental. Calon petembak runduk harus memiliki mental yang baik, disaring melalui evaluasi psykologi.
6. Cerdas (intelligence). Karena tugas sniper memerlukan berbagai keahlian, maka calon sniper harus cerdas dan mampu mengoperasikan berbagai peralatan seperti mampu menghitung kemampuan amunisi (peluru yang akan digunakan), penyetelah alat bidik dan perhitungan kecepatan serta arah angin, prosedur operasi alat komunikasi. Observasi dan penghitungan penembakan senjata mortar dan meriam artileri. Kemampuan navigasi didarat, intelijen militer, identifikasi seragam dan peralatan. Dapat membuat keputusan secara tepat.
Dua hal penting lainnya selain yang tertera diatas.
1. Keseimbangan emosi. Mampu mengontrol emosi, sabar dalam menghadapi berbagai situasi, termasuk dalam melakukan rencana penembakan atas target.
2. Keahlian lapangan. Sniper harus familiar dengan situasi kondisi lapangan. Memiliki
pengetahuan mengenai alam sekitar, bila perlu tentang flora dan fauna.
TANGGUNG JAWAB SNIPER DAN OBSERVER.
Setiap anggota tim sniper memiliki tanggungjawab yang spesifik. Hanya dengan latihan yang berulang dan berkelanjutan tim dapat menjadi kompak dan mengetahui beban tanggungjawabnya masing-masing (petembak dan petugas observasi).
1. Ta nggungjawab Sniper: menentukan posisi yang nyaman dan aman. Mengidentifikasi dan melokalisir target. Menghitung jarak dengan target, elevasi dan pergerakan angin. Mempersiapkan kondisi kesiagaan untuk menembak, mengatur nafas, mengendalikan picu senapan. Mnentukan saat yang tepat untuk menembak, dan bila diperlukan mempersiapkan aksi penembakan berikutnya.
2. Tanggungjawab Observer: Secara pasti memposisikan dirinya. Memilih target. Membantu perhitungan jarak tembak. Menghitung efek kondisi cuaca terhadap balistik. Melaporkan data perhitungan pembidikan kepada sniper.
TEKN IK TIM PETEMBAK.

Tim sniper harus mampu bergerak dalam kondisi medan pertempuran. Misinya melakukan penembakan secara tepat dan terukur. Diperlukan koordinasi tim secara kompak antara sniper dan observer secara bersama untuk:
* Memperhitungkan efek cuaca terhadap balistik.
* Menghitung jarak terhadap target.
* Melakukan perubahan pembidikan bila diperlukan.
* Mengobservasi perkenaan peluru.
* Mengoreksi penampilan/posisi sebelum melakukan penembakan.
TEKNIK LAPANGAN
Misi utama tim sniper untuk mengeliminasi target yang ditentukan dengan ketepatan penembakan jarak jauh. Seberapa sukses tim sniper melaksanakan misinya akan bergantung pada pengetahuan, pengertian dan aplikasi dari berbagai teknik lapangan yang memungkinkannya untuk bergerak, bersembunyi, melakukan observasi dan mendeteksi target.
Untuk itu, sebelum melakukan misi diperlukan pengetahuan teknik lapangan, diantaranya:
KAMUF LASE. Bentuk-bentuk teknik penyamaran dan perlengkapan penyamaran, termasuk perlengkapan pakaian seperti baju ghillie.
INDIKATOR TARGET.
Mengetahui berbagai berbagai indicator yang dapat menjadikannya sebagai taret musuh seperti, suara bising, kilatan yang ditimbulkan oleh peralatan yang dibawanya, termasuk pantulan cahaya dari kulit badan dan gerakan mata, bebauan (bau badan, bau asap rokok dan lain-lain), gerakan yang mudah terdeteksi, bentuk dan warna perlengkapan penyamaran, kondisi hewan yang ada disekitarnya dan hal-hal lain yang dapat menimbulkan perhatian orang.
ATURAN GERAKAN.
Saat bergerak, tim sniper harus selalu ingat akan aturan gerakan;
a. Selalu berasumsi bahwa daerah dimana tim berada, sedang dalam pengawasan lawan.
b. Bergerak lambat. Sebaiknya sniper menghitung gerakannya dalam ukuran inci atau kaki.
c. j angan menimbulkan gerakan berlebihan pada pohon, semak, atau rumput tinggi dengan mencekalnya.
d. Mer encanakan setiap gerakan dan bergerak dalam segmen rute seketika.
e. Berhenti, perhatikan dan dengar situasi sekitar.
f. Bergerak saat ada kebisingan tembakan, ledakan, kebisingan pesawat udara, angin atau apa saja yang dapat mengalihkan perhatian musuh.
TEKNIK GERAKAN INDIVIDU.
Teknik ini digunakan oleh tim sniper untuk bergerak tanpa terdeteksi. Teknik ini mencakup; sniper low crawl, medium crawl, high crawl, hand-and-knees crawl, dan berjalan. (lihat gambar)
Low Crawl

Medium Crawl


Walking

GERAKAN TIM SNIPER DAN NAVIGASI.
Bila memungkinkan, tim sniper dimasukkan dalam elemen keamanan (regu atau pleton). Elemen keamanan memungkinkan tim untuk mencapai daerah operasi secara cepat dan aman dibandingkan tim operasi tempur. Beberapa tuntunan bagi sniper saat bergabung dengan elemen keamanan:
1. Komandan elemen keamanan merupakan komandan tim sniper saat ia bergabung.
2. Tim sniper selalu tampil sebagai bagian integral dari elemen.
3. Tim sn iper menggunakan seragam yang sama dengan anggota elemen lainnya.
4. Tim sniper menjaga posisi dalam formasi elemen.
5. Sistem senjata sniper dibawa dengan posisi menempel dengan badan sehingga tersembunyi.
6. Semua peralatan tim sniper dalam posisi terlindung/tersembunyi.
Saat berada didaerah operasi, tim sniper akan memisahkan diri dari elemen induknya dan beroperasi sendiri. Dua contoh pemisahan tim sniper dari elemen keamanan:
1. Elemen keamanan memberikan perlindungan saat tim sniper mempersiapkan operasinya:
a. Tim sniper menyiapkan perlengkapan penyamarannya (ghillie suit dan menyamarkan kulit tubuhnya yang terbuka seperti muka) serta peralatannya.
b. Tim memastikan bahwa semua perlengkapannya sudah siap.
c. S aat tim sudah siap, dan sudah memperoleh posisinya maka elemen keamanan akan meninggalkan areal tersebut.
d. Saat tim keamanan sudah meninggalkan lokasi, tim sniper menunggu ditempat perpisahan tersebut untuk waktu yang cukup untuk memastikan bahwa baik dirinya maupun elemen keamanan yang sudah meninggalkannya sudah dalam posisi aman, kemudian baru tim sniper bergerak untuk mencari posisi tentatif.
2. Elemen keamanan melaksanakan pengamanan singkat pada titip perpisahan.
Tim sniper berhenti, memastikan mereka dalam posisi yang baik, aman dan mengetahui posisi masing-masing. Kemudian tim pengaman meninggalkan lokasi, tim sniper tetap dalam posisinya sampai elemen pengaman memastikan areal tersebut dalam keadaan aman. Tim sniper kemudian akan menyiapkan diri untuk bergerak sesuai dengan tuntutan operasinya. Sistem pemisahan ini dalam teori dikenal dengan sebutan situasi MOUT.
Saat memilih rute, tim sniper harus ingat akan kemampuan dirinya.
1 . Hindari posisi diketahui musuh dan hindari halangan medan.
2. Cari semak belukar atau area yang dapat memberikan perlindungan dan penyamaran.
3. Ambil keuntungan dari medan yang sulit (rawa, kepadan rimba dll.)
4. Jangan menggunakan jalur, jalan raya atau jalan setapak yang ada.
5. Hindari areal bangunan atau berpenduduk.
6. Hindari areal yang diperkirakan merupakan daerah aktivitas gerilya musuh.
Saat tim sniper bergrak, harus selalu berasumsi bahwa daerah operasi berada dalam pengawasan lawan. Karena tim sniper yang kecil dengan firepower terbatas, tim hanya menggunakan satu formasi yaitu formasi gerakan sniper. Karakteristik formasi antara lain:
1. Observer menjadi pointman (yang didepan) dan sniper mengikutinya.
2. Daerah pengawasan observer adalah arah jam 3 sampai jam 9, sementara sniper kebalikannya, arah jam 9 ke jam tiga (overlapping).
3. Kontak visual harus dipelihara walau saat dalam posisi tiarap.
4. Saat istirahat jarak keduanya dipelihara yangan lebih dari 20 meter.
5. Sniper harus siap bereaksi terhadap aksi pointman (observer).
6. Kepala tim menentukan teknik gerakan dan rute yang akan ditempuh.
7. Kepala tim menentukan titik-titik pertemuan (rally points)
Tim sniper harus berupaya untuk tidak melakukan kontak senjata dengan pihak lawan, Ia harus senantiasa siaga tetapi bukan untuk menghadapi pertempuran. Beberapa aksi tim sniper diantaranya:
1. Kontak visual.
Bila tim sniper melihat kehadiran musuh, tetapi musuh tidak melihatnya, upayakan untuk diam, bila masih memiliki waktu, sebaiknya berbuat:
a. Membuat/mencari tempat perlindungan.
b. Tetap pada posisinya sampai musuh berlalu.
Jangan sekali-kali melakukan kontak.
2. Penghadangan.
Dalam penghadangan, tim sniper harus menghentikan kontak secepatnya. Contoh untuk menghadapi situasi semacam ini:
a. Observer melakukan penembakan cepat kearah lawan.
b. Sniper melemparkan granad asap pada ruang antara observer dengan pihak lawan.
c. Sniper melakukan penembakan terarah pada target yang paling mengancam sampai labirin asap memenuhi areal.
d. Observer melemparkan granad fragmentasi dan mengundurkan diri menuju posisi sniper, pastikan agar dalam gerakannya Ia tidak menghalangi bidang tembak sniper.
e. Tim bergerak ke lokasi yang tidak terlihat oleh lawan ataupun tempat sasaran tembak lawan.
f. Bila kontak tidak dapat dihindari dan berkelanjutan, sniper segera meminta dukungan tembakan tidak langsung atau mengontak elemen pengaman (bila ada).
g. Bila tim terpisah, upayakan segera kembali ke titik pertemuan akhir yang telah ditentukan dalam jalur tempuhnya.
3. Tembakan tidak langsung.
Reaksi atas tembakan tidak langsung (artileri/mortar), tim harus bergerak keluar dari areal tersebut secepatnya. Gerakan seketika ini akan menimbulkan lokasinya akan diketahui. Maka, tim tidak saja bereaksi atas efek tembakan tidak langsung tersebut, tetapi juga melakukan menyembunyikan gerakannya.
a. Ketua tim membawa tim keluar dari daerah penembakan melalui jalur yang tercepat dengan memberi arahan mengenai arah dan jarak (gunakan kode jam: arah jam 3, arah jam 5 dsb.).
c. Ketua tim harus menggerakan timnya sejauh mungkin dari daerah penembakan dengan menempuh jalur yang tersembunyi dan melanjutkan misi melalui jalur alternative.
d. Bila anggota tim terpisah, mereka harus kembali ke titip pertemuan akhir yang telah ditentukan dalam penjabaran rute tempuh.
4. Serangan udara.
a. Anggota tim memastikan perlindungan yang terbaik untuk bersembunyi.
b. Waktu pesawat berlalu, anggota tim segera bergerak ke posisi yang memiliki perlindungan lebih baik dan tersamar.
c. Tim tidak perlu menembak pesawat tersebut.
d. Anggota tim kembali keposisi sampai pesawat yang melakukan penyerbuan berlalu.
e. Bila anggota tim terpisah, mereka harus kembali ke titik pertemuan akhir yang telah disepakati dalam penjabaran rute tempuh.
f. Untuk membantu navigasi tim sniper, tim harus mengingat rute dengan melihat peta, photo udara, atau sketsa. Tim memberikan penandanaan (gunung, jurang, jalan raya dsb.) dan lokasinya sehubungan dengan menentukan rute. Juga harus direncanakan jalur-jalur alternative. Selama melakukan misi, tim sniper memperhitungkan halangan medan yang ada disekitarnya.
g. Tim sniper senantiasa memelihara orientasinya. Beberapa aspek pembantu untuk memelihara orientasi:
(1) Lokasi dan arah aliran arus.
(2) Bukit, lembah, jalan raya dan halangan lainnya.
(3) Jalur kereta api, jalur listrik, dan obyek-obyek buatan manusia lainnya.
Hal-hal diatas merupakan sebagian dari kemungkinan situasi yang akan dihadapi oleh Tim Sniper dalam menjalankan pesawat tanpa awak Berbagai upaya dilakukan untuk meminimalisir kecelakaan dan jatuhnya korban jiwa. Teknologi pesawat tanpa awak adalah salah satu terobosan untuk mengurangi jatuhnya korban nyawa manusia dalam tugas-tugas di udara. Teknologi pesawat tanpa awak seperti apa yang kini telah berkembang? berikut ini ada beberapa jenis pesawat tanpa awak yang pada umumnya di pakai : RQ -8A Fire Scout: Helikopter tanpa awak ini diadopsi dari jenis helikopter ringan Schweizer Model 330SP. RQ-8A Fire Scout digunakan oleh U.S. Navy dalam misi pengintaian. Helikopter ini dapat beroperasi selama empat jam lebih dengan jarak 120 mil dari pusat kendali. Fire Scout dilengkapi dengan sistem navigasi berbasis GPS dan mampu beroperasi secara otonom. Karena mampu beroperasi secara otonom, pusat kendali dapat mengendalikan tiga helikopter tak berawak ini secara simultan. Sea Scout, kembangan dari helikopter tak berawak ini, bahkan mampu mengangkut rudal udara-darat (air-to-surface missiles) untuk misi pengeboman.


RQ-8A Fire Scout
RQ-2B Pioneer:
Pesawat tanpa awak ini adalah hasil kolaborasi antara AAI Amerika dan Israel Aircraft Industries. Pesawat ini telah dipergunakan oleh U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Navy dan U.S. Army sejak 1986. Pioneer bertugas melakukan pengintaian, pengawasan, pencarian target, dan mendukung penembakan angkatan laut baik pada siang hari maupun malam hari. Pesawat ini dapat diluncurkan dari kapal dengan bantuan dorongan roket atau diluncurkan dari darat dengan bantuan ketapel. Dengan panjang badan 14 kaki dan rentang sayap 17 kaki, Pioneer dapat terbang hingga ketinggian 15,000 kaki selama lima jam. Pioneer dapat mengangkut beban hingga 37 Kg dan dapat dilengkapi dengan sensor optic atau infrared dan alat pendeteksi ranjau.


Boeing Scan Eagle : Pesawat berbobot 20 Kg ini dapat terbang selama 15 jam dengan ketinggian lebih dari 16,000 kaki dan kecepatan 60 mil per jam. Pesawat ini dapat diluncurkan baik dari darat maupun dari kapal laut. Scan Eagle adalah pesawat tanpa awak yang tidak dapat dideteksi oleh radar, selin itu suaranya pun hampir tidak terdengar. Scan Eagle terbang dengan dipandu sistem GPS dan dilengkapi dengan kamera dan sensor infra-red. Boeing Scan Eagle Northrop Grumman Global Hawk: Global Hawk adalah pesawat tanpa awak yang terbesar dan tercanggih di dunia saat ini. RQ-4 Global Hawk adalah pesawat tanpa awak pertama yang mem[eroleh sertifikasi dari FAA (badan penerbangan Amerika) untuk terbang dan mendarat di bandara sipil secara otomatis. Karena keunggulannya ini, Global Hawak diharapkan dapat menjadi perintis pesawat penumpang dengan pilot otomatis dimasa mendatang. Pada saat pengujian, Global Hawk mampu terbang dari Amerika Serikat menuju Australia pulang pergi dengan membawa sejulah alat pengintai. Untuk keperluan militer, pesawat ini dapat dipergunakan untuk melakukan pengintaian, pengawasan dan survey intelejen pada daerah yang luas dan dalam jangka waktu yang lama. Northrop Grumman Global Hawk General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper:
Reaper adalah pesawat multi fungsi tanpa awak yang dikembangkan untuk menjadi mesin penghancur. Dalam operasi militer Amerika di Afghanistan dan Irak, MQ-9 dilengkapi dengan rudal AGM-114 Hellfire dan dipergunakan untuk memburu dan menghancurkan target. Pesawat ini dapat mengangkut beban hingga lima ton, berkecapatan 230 mil per jam pada ketinggian 50,000 kaki dan dapat terbang sejauh 3,682 mil. Pesawat ini dilengkapi dengan IR targeting sensor, laser rangefinder dan synthetic aperture radar. MQ-9 dapat dibongkar pasang dan diangkut ke berbagai lokasi dengan mudah. General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper
AeroVironment Raven dan Raven B: RQ-11A Raven, yang dibuat pada tahun 2002-2003, adalah versi kecil dari 1999-vintage AeroVironment Pointer, yang dilengkapi dengan GPS navigation system, dan peralatan control. Badan pesawat ini terbuat dari Kevlar dan berbobot, dua Kilogram. Pesawat tanpa awak ini memiliki radius operasi lebih dari 6 mil dan dapat terbang selama 80 menit pada kecepatan 60 mil per jam. Raven B dilengkapi dengan berbagai jenis sensor dan laser target designator. AeroVironment Raven dan Raven B: RQ-11A Raven Bombardier CL-327: Karena bentuknya yang unik, pesawat tanpa awak ini sering disebut sebagai kacang terbang. Bombardier CL-327 VTOL adalah pesawat pengawas tanpa awak yang dimotori mesin Williams International WTS-125 turboshaft engine berdaya 100 tenaga kuda. Dengan bobot maksimum 300 Kg saat takeoff, CL-327 dapat difungsikan sebagai alat relay komunikasi, menginspeksi keadaan lingkungan dan melakukan patroli di daerah perbatasan. Pesawat ini telah banyak membantu aparat dalam upaya pemberantasan narkotika dan dalam operasi-operasi pengintaian militer. Pesawat ini dapat mengudara selama lime jam dan dilengkapi dengan berbagai sensor, datalink systems dan sistem navigasi baik berupa GPS maupun inertial navigation systems. Bombardier CL-327
Yamaha RMAX: Pesawat ini adalah pesawat terbang tanpa awak yang paling banyak dipergunakan di dunia untuk keperluan non militer. Helikopter mini Yamaha RMAX, dapat dipergunakan untuk berbagai keperluan misalnya untuk menyemprotkan pestisida dan pupuk, dan melakukan survey untuk keperluan penelitian. Helikopter ini mempergunakan mesin YAMAHA dua langkah dan dapat terbang hingga ketinggian 500 kaki. Yamaha RMAX

Lockheed Martin Desert Hawk: Desert Hawk mulai diproduksi pada tahun 2002, untuk memenuhi kebutuhan militer Amerika dalam misi-misi pengawasan di Irak. Desert Hawk digerakkan dengan mesin listrik dan dilengkapi dengan GPS. Pesawat ini dapat terbang hingga ketinggian 1000 kaki dan beroperasi secara otonom dengan panduan GPS. Pesawat tanpa awak ini dapat terbang dengan kecepatan 57 mil per jam dalam radius tujuh mil. General Atomics MQ-1 Predator: Predator yang mampu terbang dengan kecepatan 135 mil per jam ini adalah pesawat pengintai tanpa awak yang dilengkapi dengan persenjataan tempur. Predator mampu terbang hingga ketinggian 25,000 kaki dan menempuh jarak 450 mil. Predator dilengkapi dengan dua rudal AGM-114 Hellfire berpemandu laser. Pesawat ini merupakan pesawat terbang tanpa awak pertama yang dapat menghancurkan terget-terget di darat. Predator pertama kali dipergunakan dalam operasi militer Amerika di Afghanistan.

General Atomics MQ-1 Predator Puna/ Indonesia,
Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT) mengembangkan Pesawat Udara Nir Awak (PUNA) untuk berbagai keperluan pemantauan dari udara, seperti pemetaan, pemantauan kebakaran hutan, mitigasi bencana, pencarian korban hingga keperluan militer.
Prinsipnya PUNA mampu membawa terbang berbagai peralatan seperti kamera, alat pengintai dan sejenisnya hingga seberat 20kg,” kata Deputi Kepala BPPT bidang Teknologi Industri Rancang Bangun dan Rekayasa, Surjatin Wirjadidjaja di Jakarta, Senin.
Mengenai harga pesawat nir awak dengan pesawat sejenis buatan negara lain, ia menyebutkan, sekitar ratusan juta rupiah. Nilai tersebut bertambah tergantung dari peralatan yang dibawanya.
Kegiatan pengembangan PUNA diawali dengan pembuatan wahana sasaran tembak atau target drone yang digunakan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan prajurit Pusenart (Pusat Senjata Artileri) TNI-AD. PUNA dirancang mempunyai kecepatan jelajah 80 knot dengan jangkauan terbang mencapai 30 km di ketinggian sekitar 7.000 kaki.


10 pistol terbaik…..

Pistol merupakan senjata api yang bisa ditembakan dengan satu tangan.Kata ‘pistol’ mulai digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan senjata api genggam pada abad ke-18. Pada abad ke-15 pistol berarti sebuah pisau kecil yang bisa disembunyikan di dalam pakaian. Pistol atau senjata api genggam dibagi menjadi dua jenis utama. Revolver, yang menggunakan kamar peluru yang berputar. Dan pistol biasa, yang kamar pelurunya menyatu dengan laras. Pistol menggunakan kaliber peluru yang bervariasi, dari .22 sampai .50 cal. ini ada beberapa urutan jenis pistol terbaik di dunia menurut saya. Berdasarkan akurasi, daya tembakan, kapasitas keampuan dari setiap senjata. Berikut ini ada 10 jenis senjata api katagori (Pistol/Revolper)

NUMBER 10
BARRETA 92 / ITALIA

Specification :
round box magazine/ semi-automatic

NUMBER 9
WALTHER P99 / JERMAN
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          Frank McCourt sells Wellington property near Bill Gates for $12M   
Billionaire Frank McCourt has parted ways with a 9-acre equestrian property in Wellington, near fellow billionaire Bill Gates. Property records show McCourt’s Wellington Property Company LLC sold the 9.15-acre site at 13700 Quarter Horse Trail to New Haven, Connecticut-based Elite Equestrian Estates LLC. No financing was recorded. McCourt, former owner of the L.A. Dodgers and president of Boston-based McCourt Group, put the property on the market with Maria Mendelsohn of Douglas Elliman in October for $14 million. ... [more]
          April Plenary session: 4-7 April 2011   
Plenary Session – Strasbourg Nuclear safety/Japan disaster. Parliament will debate the implications of the Fukushima disaster for nuclear safety in Europe with the Commission and Council (Wednesday, vote on resolution Thursday), while the wider issues raised by the tragedy in Japan is the subject of the second part of the Question Time with Commission President José Manuel Barroso (Tuesday). Migration flows and Lampedusa. The EU’s response to increased numbers of migrants and asylum seekers leaving North Africa and the Middle East, and in particular the impact on Lampedusa, will be debated with the Commission, along with a parliamentary resolution on how the issue should be addressed in EU foreign policy towards the countries involved (Monday). Syria, Bahrain, Yemen. Parliament will debate the latest development in these countries with High Representative/Commission Vice-President Catherine Ashton (Wednesday), before voting on a resolution (Thursday). EU summit outcome. European Council President Herman Van Rompuy will debate the outcome of the 24-25 March summit with MEPs, covering both the economic governance issues and the situation in the Middle East and North Africa (Tuesday) Roma integration. Immediately after its adoption by the Commission, MEPs will hear details of the draft strategy to support Member States’ efforts better to integrate Roma communities (Tuesday). Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Iceland. MEPs will debate the progress made by the two countries towards EU membership (Wednesday), before adopting Parliament’s regular assessment (Thursday). Conference of Parliament Speakers. Before the session, EP President Jerzy Buzek takes part in a meeting of the chairs of EU parliaments (Monday, Brussels). Bill Gates on development issues. The founder of the Gates Foundation will discuss private sources of development finance with Parliament’s Development Committee, and also present the Living Proof initiative, aimed at showing what development spending can achieve in practice (Tuesday).
          RE[2]: *sad face*   
1) Regarding wireless, I clicked on the network, clicked on connect, it requested the key, in my case it was a WPA key - I don't risk my network with shoddy encryption, and voila, I was all on and connected. It was as easy as with OpenSolaris with Network Magic enabled. 2) You chose to purchase a Windows machine. Bill Gates didn't swing through the window one day and forced you to purchase it. You could have easily bought a Mac or even a laptop, removed Windows then loaded on a *NIX or *BSD of your choice - but you didn't. You chose to go off, purchase a PC loaded with Windows Vista, and now you're here whinging, whining and complaining knowing full well that you are the maker of your own personal hell. 3) Like I said, I purchased a PC laptop with Windows Vista, wasn't happy with it, so I changed to a Mac. No fan fare required. No zealot post on my blog, no spamming of osnews.com, no screaming and whinging. I just did it. 4) I never said that it had no problems - you're in desperate need a comprehension class, along with half the users here. I said that I never had half the problems people claimed. So yes, amazing enough, when you half something, you still have stuff left! imagine that!Edited 2008-01-08 06:12
          Bill Gates' Admission: Vista only on 39% of PCs   
I just submitted a story from slashdot, apparently Paul McDougall did some math and came out with some different numbers... Here's the submission in case Thom decides he'd rather spin Vista into a positive light despite the facts: Bill Gates' Admits: Majority of new PCs ship without Vista Paul McDougall follows the numbers in this revealing article comparing Bill Gate's stated numbers for Vista with the release numbers for XP. Doing the math reveals an interesting factoid--Based on Gates' statement, Windows Vista was aboard just 39% of the PC's that shipped in 2007. Does this mean alternative OSes are beginning to steal Redmond's lunch? It would be interesting to know what the other 61% of new PCs were shipped with... That last bit is the key though, we don't really know what percentage of that 61% were shipped with Linux or with MacOS, so the numbers while significant don't tell us much. The numbers are significant, because they tell us Redmond is losing their grip on the market (unable to shoehorn Vista down an unwilling populace's throat) but they don't tell us much because we don't know which OS is carving out a percentage for itself at the expense of Vista. Normally I'd just say it's XP because Microsoft has been finding itself increasingly in competition with itself and its own products lately, but given things like the popularity of the ASUS EEE PC and the Walmart gOS machines I'm not so sure anymore all those sales were XP... --bornagainpenguin
          RE: Bill Gates' Admission: Vista only on 39% of PCs   
Thom is doing this for some time now. I don't know if he is aware of this. But he should know that some OSnews readers may get the impression that he lacks, well, a certain amount of objectivity when it comes to Vista. Also over at /. I read the opposite of what this article claims and I also give the source a bit more credibility.Edited 2008-01-08 18:30
          Medeltidens multimiljardär   

#bild=566501#
Han var rikare än Bill Gates och Jan Stenbeck tillsammans och påstås havarit Sveriges mest förmögne person genom tiderna – Bo Jonsson Grip. Inte minst på grund av sin girighet har Bo Jonsson Grip kommit att få ett elakt eftermäle, han har ansetts hänsynslös och känslokall, och han har beskyllts för flera mord. Men i en nyutkommen biografi om denne medeltida jetsetare nyanseras bilden av honom.

- Han var varken en ängel eller en djävul, utan någonstans mitt emellan, precis som alla oss andra, menar författaren Anders Bockgård.

Vetenskapsradion Historia gräver också i den mystiska och mordiba historien kring Carin Görings kvarlevor – blev de egentligen kremerade och begravda i Sverige 1950, eller är det så att hennes riktiga kropp påträffats först nu? Författaren Björn Fontander har nystat i detektivhistorierna kring svenska nazihustrun Carin Görings dödsfall och begravning.

Dessutom lär vi känna medeltidens och fantasylitteraturens mest populära best – draken. I serien om medeltida fantasidjur har turen kommit till det monster som kan ha inspirerats av dinosaurieskelett och som hade förmågan att både kunna spruta eld och flyga. Litteraturvetaren Henrik Otterberg är vår ciceron bland Bernströms bestiarium.

Programledare är Tobias Svanelid.


          Glückspaket #3 2016...das Leben ist kein Ponyhof!!!   
2016-01-29 10.18.06 1Irgendwie fand ich den Spruch früher doof, aber wie an jeder Sache, ist auch hier etwas Wahres dran. Die Erfahrungen in den letzten Jahren sagen mir, dass viele Eltern unserer heutigen Generation sich genau diese wunderbare Welt des Ponyhofs zu rechtbasteln, möchte man doch nur zu gerne den Nachwuchs in die Fußstapfen von Bill Gates und Co. schlüpfen sehen. Da werden dann schon mal scharfe Geschütze aufgefahren und die potentiellen Nachwuchsmanager schon in der Kita zum Debattierkurs angemeldet. Die Sinnhaftigkeit worüber man mit Dreijährigen wirklich debattieren sollte, sei dabei hingestellt.

Aber bitte schließlich geht es hier doch um die Softskills unseres Nachwuchs!!!

Das die Priorität vieler Eltern dabei aber eher auf Leistung und weniger auf die Sozialkompetenz ihrer Kinder ausgerichtet ist, wird spätestens auf dem Pausehof deutlich, denn da wollen dann die mittlerweile Neunjährigen weiter diskutieren.

Ihr Eltern, da draußen, hej, könnt ihr mal aufhören euch die Welt immer so zu basteln wie sie euch gefällt!!! Auch Pippi Langstrumpf kam da schon an ihre Grenzen und flog irgendwann von ihrem selbstgebastelten Rad. Es ist schön, seinem Kind Wegbereiter für vieles Neues zu sein, aber den Weg dahin müssen sie alleine gehen. Ihr könnt und solltet ihnen nicht alle Entscheidungen abnehmen. Das Leben fordert uns alle und Entscheidungen müssen in jeder Altersphase getroffen werden. Etwas zu entscheiden, bedeutet aber im Kehrschluss auch, die Konsequenzen, die sich daraus ergeben zu tragen. 

Man kann sich nicht immer nur die PONYS aussuchen, man muss auch ab und an mal auf dem VOLLBLUT reiten.

2016-01-29 11.08.23 1

und sich nur dann der Verantwortung gegenüber seinen Kindern bewusst zu sein, wenn sie einem gerade passend erscheint, und sonst jegliche Autorität an andere abzuwälzen, scheint mir nicht gerade sehr erwachsen zu sein. Eure Kinder sind eure Kinder und ihr nicht nur ihre guten Freunde. Gebt ihnen die Möglichkeit sich frei zu bewegen, sich ihrem Alter und der jeweiligen Situation entsprechend zu entscheiden und für ihre Handlungen einzustehen. Nur so lernen sie den respektvollen Umgang mit ihrem Umfeld.

Und übrigens hört endlich damit auf euch selbst in die Tasche zu lügen. Das soziale Unvermögen eurer Kinder hat meistens am wenigsten mit äußeren Einflüssen ("der macht das jetzt nur, weil er so müde ist"...grrr) zu tun, sondern vielmehr mit eurer Lethargie euch nicht zu bewegen und endlich konsequent zu sein. Hört auf euren Kindern die Schuld für euer eigenes Unvermögen zu geben!!!

so Basta...das musste mal von den Lippen...denn ab und an macht ihr mich echt fertig, ihr verrückten kontrollwütigen und leistungsorientierten Mamas und Papas da draußen!!!

WACHT AUF, DAS LEBEN FÜHRT NICHT NUR ZUM PONYHOF!!! (zur perfekten Welt!!!)

2016-01-29 11.07.34 12016-01-29 11.10.09 12016-01-29 11.10.51 1

ich weiß, heute mal mit ein paar laute Töne, aber irgendwie war mir danach und vielleicht versteht der eine oder andere von euch, was ich damit meine oder hat auch so seine einschlägigen Erfahrungen im Elternsein gemacht.

wie dem auch sei...zu allgemeinen wöchentlichen Zerstreuung freue ich mich auch heute wieder auf eine Runde #LINKLIEBE mit meiner liebsten Jules vom Kleines Freudenhaus, die sich sicherlich schon eifrig die Nächte um die Ohren schlägt...oder Süße, wie stehen die Aktien am karnevalistischen Himmel? 


hier unsere Lieblinge für diese Woche...



+ MRBROTONS ...mit Stil im Leben + MRBROTONS ...with style into life
+ kreative Liebelei im Briefumschlag + creative flirtation in Envelope
+ sich in die Wälder schlagen mit ANTON_NOTNA + into the woods with ANTON_NOTNA
+WIRMACHENDAS.JETZT ...aus und Basta!!!  +WIRMACHENDAS.JETZT ...aus und Basta!!!
+ XOXO und Be my green Valentine!!! + XOXO and Be my green Valentine!!!
+ ALEXLA_ ...stille Tage in Polen + ALEXLA_ ...still days in Poland
+ und Frühstück mit SOMETHINGSWEDISHand breakfast with SOMETHING SWEDISH
+ Willkommen im PanikDEUTSCHLAND...und du? + Welcome in panic Germany...and you?
+ LOVE TAKE TIME...immer wieder schön + LOVE TAKE TIME...always again so lovley


(images by frauheuberg 2016, music by THEEVERTIDES via youtube)





          Trách nhiệm công dân   
Ôkuma Shigenobu (1838-1922), người sáng lập đại học Waseda

(Caphethubay.net) - Ngạn ngữ có câu : Ở đâu không có tầm nhìn, con người sẽ tàn lụi. Sử gia người Pháp Toqueville từng bày tỏ : Tôi không sợ nói rằng, trong tất cả các loại triết học, thì triết học đạo đức là cái thích hợp nhất cho nhu cầu của con người thời đại chúng ta.



Trách nhiệm là cái gì cao cả: trách nhiệm đối với bản thân, gia đình, cộng đồng và xã hội, và trong thế kỷ 21, trách nhiệm đối với hòa bình thế giới, và bảo vệ hành tinh xanh khỏi bị sụp đổ. Trách nhiệm là thể hiện lòng trắc ẩn (compassion): các thùng nước uống miễn phí đặt bên vệ đường, các quán cơm 2.000 đồng, thư viện cho những vùng khó khăn, mái trường cũng như ký túc xá cho các em học sinh vùng sâu, vùng xa; hay một chỗ dạy sinh viên miễn phí về công nghệ cao ở Cần Thơ. Hay đề án hai triệu quyển sách của ông chủ Trung Nguyên, Đặng Lê Nguyên Vũ, để thổi luồng gió yêu nước, khởi nghiệp kinh doanh sáng tạo. Hay hành động xây Ký túc xá 40 tỷ của doanh nhân Phạm Văn Bên. Hay việc xây dựng Trung tâm hội thảo quốc tế khoa học ICISE của vợ chồng GS Trần Thanh Vân, và bà Lê Kim Ngọc.

Trách nhiệm cao cả nhất của một công dân là trách nhiệm đối với quốc gia. J. F. Kennedy trong lễ nhậm chức ngày 20, tháng giêng, 1961, đã để lại một câu nói đáng nhớ mãi cho đời sau: Đừng hỏi đất nước làm gì cho bạn, mà nên hỏi bạn có thể làm gì cho đất nước.

Để thấy trách nhiệm cá nhân, chúng ta cần biết đất nước đang đứng ở đâu. Đất nước chúng ta đang bị lạc hậu. Lạc hậu từ tiếng súng của Pháp tại Đà Nẵng giữa thế kỷ 19. Chúng ta vẫn lạc hậu 60 năm sau khi Phan Châu Trinh viết các bài chính luận vào đầu thế kỷ 20. Chúng ta lạc hậu thế kỷ 20. Và đầu thế kỷ 21 chúng ta vẫn lạc hậu mà chưa thấy lối ra. Kinh tế chúng ta là kinh tế tạm bợ, chắp vá, gia công, lấp ráp. Sức mạnh dân tộc 90 triệu chưa bật lên như 35 triệu dân tộc Nhật 150 trước, hay 35 triệu dân tộc Hàn năm 1975. Chúng ta đông nhưng không mạnh. Người Nhật, người Hàn không bao giờ hài lòng với kinh tế làm thuê. Chúng ta chưa có cơ sở hạ từng tri thức để phát triển tài năng ngay tại chỗ. Chúng ta đang chảy máu chất xám.

Thanh niên Nhật thời Minh Trị đi học không phải để đi làm quan, hay công chức, hay chỉ học cho cá nhân. Mà họ học vì tham vọng muốn đưa đất nước ngang lên bằng với các cường quốc. Họ học để sáng tạo, vực dậy đất nước đang cũ kỹ, để tự hào trở thành một công dân toàn cầu không thua kém ai. Đó là trách nhiệm tự thân của họ.

Người Nhật tự hào mình là dân tộc đạo đức, đạo đức hơn cả phương Tây! Khẩu hiệu khai sáng của họ thời Minh Trị là “Công nghệ phương Tây, Đạo đức phương Đông”. Đạo đức là cái gốc của con người. Có đạo đức mới xây dựng được đất nước. Cụ Phan Châu Trinh từng nhận xét: Chúng ta mất nước cũng vì chúng ta mất đạo đức. Đạo đức bao gồm trách nhiệm cao nhất đối với xã hội.

Ôkuma Shigenobu, người sáng lập Đại học Waseda năm 1882, để lại một thông điệp có tầm nhìn cho thanh niên Nhật Bản: Hãy là “công dân mẫu”, để trở thành “công dân thế giới”, tức “công dân toàn cầu”, như là một trách nhiệm cao cả:

Nhật Bản hôm nay đứng giữa hai nền văn hoá Đông và Tây. Lý tưởng lớn của chúng ta nằm ở chỗ tạo dựng sự hài hoà của hai nền văn hoá này, và ở sự nâng cao nền văn minh phương Đông lên tầm cao của nền văn hoá phương Tây để cho hai nền văn hoá cùng tồn tại trong sự hài hoà…Để đạt được điều đó, chúng ta trước nhất phải biến độc lập của sự học [Humboldt] và sự áp dụng của nó thành mục tiêu chính yếu của chúng ta; chúng ta phải nổ lực theo đuổi nghiên cứu độc đáo và sau đó áp dụng kết quả của các nghiên cứu đó một cách thực tiễn. Những ai dấn thân vào một sự nghiệp như thế phải tôn trọng chính cá nhân của mình, nổ lực mưu tìm phúc lợi của gia đình họ, lao động cho lợi ích của nhà nước và xã hội họ, và tham gia vào những vấn đề thế giới. Đấy chính là người công dân mẫu…

Để có thể trở thành công dân mẫu, tri thức thôi không đủ; sự xây dựng một nhân cách đạo đức là cần thiết… Do đó, nguyên lý cơ bản của giáo dục phải là sự rèn luyện tính cách. Người ta trở thành ích kỷ nếu chỉ nổ lực thu thập tri thức chuyên môn và quên đi những điều tôi nói ở trên. Hơn nữa, tinh thần tự hy sinh của con người cho quốc gia họ và cho thế giới sẽ từ từ suy sụp đi…

Ôkuma Shigenobu (1838-1922), người sáng lập đại học Waseda,

Khoa học ứng dụng chính là điều nhà khai sáng Yukichi Fukuzawa từng kêu gọi trong tác phẩm nổi tiếng Khuyến Học: Hãy chuyển sang Thực học, xa rời loại học từ chương của Trung Hoa vô bổ (Kangaku). Ông kêu gọi thanh niên Nhật Bản:

“Đã quyết chí học hành thì phải học cho đến nơi đến chốn.

Còn nếu theo nghề nông thì quyết trở thành hào phú.

Nếu làm thương nghiệp thì phải quyết trở thành đại thương gia.

Sinh viên không được mãn nguyện vì sự ổn định cõn con của mình.”

Lý tưởng của họ rất lớn. Và họ nói là làm. Thực tế, khi Ōkuma gửi thông điệp trên, 1901, thì Nhật Bản đã xây dựng xong cơ sở hạ tầng tri thức, các thể chế đại học và nghiên cứu, điều quan trọng hơn, dâm bồi được văn hóa khoa học của phương Tây lên mãnh đất họ để tự đào tạo và nuôi dưỡng những hạt giống tại chỗ. Họ chỉ mất 30 năm để làm việc đó. Đó là trách nhiệm của nhà nước. Giải Nobel đầu tiên của Hideki Yukawa 1949 là trái ngọt tất yếu của mảnh đất văn hóa đó. Ông là nhà khoa học đầu tiên được đào tạo 100% trong nước. Tiếp theo, Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, người bạn đồng môn của ông, nhận giải Nobel thứ nhì năm 1965. Nhật Bản thực tế đã trở thành một trung tâm học thuật của thế giới, đi từ bắt chước đến sáng tạo, như những người cha lập quốc từng mơ ước. (1)

Nền học thuật của VN là tụt hậu. Những tài năng như Ngô Bảo Châu, Đàm Thanh Sơn chỉ có thể phát huy ở nước ngoài, và rồi chẳng thể về VN sống và làm việc được. Chúng ta mãi mãi là vùng trũng của tri thức hay sao?

Nước Mỹ đã chứng minh một điều: Họ rất cá nhân chủ nghĩa, rất tư bản chủ nghĩa, nhưng lại rất giàu lòng nhân ái. Lòng vị kỷ (self-love) được khai sáng sẽ trở thành vị tha (altruism). Hãy xem các nhà hoạt động nhân ái của họ như Andrew Carnegie, Leland Stanford, như Ezra Cornell, Henri Ford, John Rockefeller, rồi đến các nhà tỉ phú hôm nay: Bill Gates và vợ, Warren Buffett, Mark Zuckerberg và vợ, Chuck Feeney. Cuối thế kỷ 19, đầu 20, họ đã xây dựng các đại học vĩ đại, vì biết rằng họ đang hái những trái thấp, các thế hệ sau muốn hái được những trái cao thì phải cần đến các bậc thang cao của tri thức, và đó chính là các đại học mà họ đã đầu tư. Năm mươi năm sau, các đại học đó thăng hoa, và ngày nay thăng hoa chưa từng có, để phục vụ đắc lực nền kinh tế Mỹ. Đó là sự thể hiện trách nhiệm từ tầm nhìn cao của những nhà giàu Mỹ. (2)

Khi đề cập các cuộc Khai sáng trong lịch sử, người ta thường nhắc đến những tính chất như lý tính, dân quyền, tự do, bình đẳng, khoan dung, tiến bộ và khoa học, trong đó lý tính luôn luôn đứng đầu. Điều đó không sai. Nhưng người ta đã bỏ quên tính chất đức hạnh (virtue). Lý trí không chưa đủ, mà còn phải có lòng thương cảm, con người mới tồn tại được. Một cuộc Khai sáng đạo đức, Moral Enlightenment, vì thế là rất cần thiết: của những “đức hạnh xã hội” – như lòng trắc ẩn (compassion), nhân từ (benevolence), mối thương cảm (sympathy). Nước Anh thế kỷ 18 đã cung cấp cho nhân loại cuộc khai sáng như thế, được đại biểu bởi David Hume và Adam Smith. Smith nổi tiếng từ thời ông vừa là nhà kinh tế chính trị học, vừa là nhà triết học của đạo đức (moral philosopher). Tác phẩm Theory of Moral Sentiments (Lý thuyết của Những tình cảm đạo đức, 1759), ra đời trước tác phẩm The Wealth of Nations (Sự phồn vinh của các quốc gia, 1776) 17 năm, và được tái bản nhiều lần. “Lòng thương hại” (pity), “Lòng trắc ẩn” hay “Từ bi”, “Lòng nhân từ”, “Mối thương cảm”, là những từ mà Smith đã dùng trong quyển sách để chỉ ra các phẩm chất cơ bản của bản chất con người tạo thành các tình cảm đạo đức của chúng ta. “Chính sự cảm nhận nhiều hơn cho người khác, ít hơn đi cho chúng ta, hạn chế sự ích kỷ, và có nhiều tình cảm nhân từ, là những tính chất làm thành sự hoàn hảo của bản chất con người.” Theo Smith, khu vực công được ngự trị bởi nguyên lý của công lý (justice) có tầm quan trọng thứ yếu so với khu vực tư, nơi những tình cảm của lòng thương cảm và từ tâm là quan trọng hàng đầu.


Tượng Adam Smith trước nhà thờ Gille, Edinburgh

Thế kỷ 18 của Anh quốc còn là “Thời đại của lòng nhân từ” (Age of Benevolence), với vô số tổ chức từ thiện, nhân ái, “Sunday Schools” (dạy học những người nghèo), hay “Friendly Societies” (các tổ chức của công nhân tự bảo hiểm để tương trợ lẫn nhau). Nhưng rồi, thời đại này cũng dần dần yếu đi trước những biến cố lịch sử, người đời thích những giá trị cổ điển như chủ nghĩa anh hùng, lòng dũng cảm, và sự minh triết. Smith đã để ra năm cuối đời để bổ sung vào quyển sách Những tình cảm đạo đức của ông một chương mới có tiêu đề: “Về sự thoái hóa của những tình cảm đạo đức của chúng ta, điều đã bị gây ra bởi khuynh hướng ngưỡng mộ người giàu và kẻ lớn, và khinh miệt hay bỏ quên những người sống nghèo khổ và khó khăn.” Ông đã linh tính những diễn biến sắp tới.

May thay, di sản Khai sáng đạo đức của nước Anh đã được chuyển sang bên kia bờ Đại Tây Dương. Các nhà giàu Mỹ, hay người Mỹ nói chung, tiếp tục làm cuộc khai sáng đạo đức của nước Anh – bằng những hành động phi thường. Anh quốc của thế kỷ 18, và Hoa Kỳ của thế kỷ 20 và 21, là đất nước của những “Sự đam mê lòng trắc ẩn”, passion of compassion, như từ ngữ đáng ghi nhớ của bà Hannah Arendt. 


Ở đây, chúng ta không thể quên một nhà hoạt động nhân ái lớn của Mỹ đã tiếp sức cho Việt Nam. Đó là tỉ phú Chuck Feeney, người giàu lên từ chuỗi cửa hàng miễn thuế Duty Free Shop. Từ 1998 – 2006, ông đã giúp VN tổng cộng $220 triệu cho các đề án giáo dục, y tế, thư viện, từ Cần Thơ ra miền Trung lên đến Thái Nguyên. Nhưng điều ít ai biết là: Quỹ Atlantic Philanthropies của ông đã tài trợ phân nửa chi phí xây dựng cho Đại học RMIT Nam Sài gòn, 33,6 triệu USD, để đại học này hình thành từ mảnh đất hoang. Mục đích ông là muốn thấy một đại học hiện đại (state-of-art) để "làm kiểu mẫu" cho các đại học VN, như cựu thủ tướng Phan Văn Khải mong mỏi. Ông thể hiện tiêu chí của hoạt động nhân ái (philanthropy): "Cho ai con cá, nuôi người đó một ngày. Dạy ai câu cá, nuôi người đó cả đời." Một trái tim vàng được dành cho Việt Nam từ một người xa lạ. Chuck Feeney tâm sự: ông cảm thấy VN như ngọn đèn, và ông là con mối, mối cứ bay vào đèn. Ông là một con người hết sức đặc biệt, đã để lại tất cả tài sản của mình, cho người khác sống.

Thiết nghĩ, Việt Nam cần có một tổ chức để vinh danh những người tử tế, những tấm lòng vị tha, để phát huy tiếng gọi của trái tim. Đất nước chúng ta phải là đất nước của lòng vị tha, nhân ái. Ước gì Chuck Feeney có mặt tại đây với chúng ta! Ước gì cộng đồng VN có dịp tiếp xúc ông để được truyền cảm hứng, và để nói hai chữ: Cám ơn. (3)

Chúng ta rất cảm ơn anh Dương Thụ đã tổ chức buổi nói chuyện về trách nhiệm rất bổ ích hôm nay. Sẽ thiếu sót lớn, nếu không nhắc đến những hoạt động kiên trì của anh để kết nối về văn hóa, truyền cảm hứng, và thông tin, trong tinh thần cởi mở học hỏi lẫn nhau từ ngót một thập kỷ qua. Chúng ta có thể uống cà phê tại nhiều quán khác, nhưng chỉ ở đây chúng ta mới uống được những cốc cà phê nhân văn, và nhân ái. Anh thuộc loại người mà phương Tây gọi là social entrepreneur, có nghĩa là người góp phần “đổi mới sáng tạo văn hóa”, có lợi cho cộng đồng nhiều hơn lợi cho anh. Những người đã từng làm thay đổi văn hóa, nếp nghĩ của xã hội trong lịch sử như Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton hay Albert Einstein đều là những social entrepreneur tên tuổi.

Cà phê Thứ Bảy, xét về mặt mô hình, giống như một hạt giống của sân chơi TED của New York, nơi hội tụ mọi tài năng có sáng kiến hay, từ những người trẻ chưa nổi tiếng, đến cả những nhà khoa học giải Nobel, hay cả tổng thống. TED là sân chơi của “ý tưởng đáng tuyền đạt” trong những lãnh vực Technology, Entertainment và Design. Đây là một ý tưởng tuyệt vời, hội tụ của giới tinh hoa liên ngành. Bill Gates cho rằng chỉ số IQ tổng hợp của tập thể này là lớn khủng khiếp. TED thật ra là sự lập lại mô hình của thành phố Florence, Ý, nơi gia đình Medici, một gia đình giàu có trị vì, nhưng có tầm nhìn, mời tất cả tài năng nghệ thuật và khoa học của nước Ý đến để tạo ra hiệu ứng Phục Hưng. Người ta gọi đó là Hiệu ứng Medici. (4)

Chúng ta mong mỏi Cà phê thứ Bảy sẽ là nơi hội tụ ngày càng nhiều hơn nữa những tài năng Việt Nam để cho những ý tưởng hay lan tỏa, vì lợi ích của cộng đồng. Xin nhiệt liệt hoan nghênh và cám ơn anh Dương Thụ.

NGUYỄN XUÂN XANH

6/2017

[1] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Lời dẫn nhập trong sách Yukawa, Tự truyện. NXB ĐHQG, sắp ra mắt 2017.

[2] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Thư gửi Quý nhà giàu Việt Nam. NXB Thành phố, 2016.

[3] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh: Chuck Feeney: “Chuyện bây giờ mới kể”. Trên mạng.

[4] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Giáo dục nào cho tương lai? Trên mạng

*Bài phát biểu tại buổi sinh hoạt của Cà phê Thứ Bảy sáng ngày 17/ 6/ 2017, để kỷ niệm 21 năm ngày thành lập Tập đoàn Trung Nguyên. 

Trong phần thảo luận, tác giả phát biểu thêm trước khi kết thúc:

Người ta phải là cái gì, để làm được một cái gì.

(Man muss etwas sein,  um etwas zu machen)

J. W. GOETHE

Nhật Bản Minh Trị thuê nhiều nhà giáo dục, trí thức, chuyên gia qua tham gia cuộc canh tân vĩ đại đang giục giã. Họ đã dành ra một quỹ rất lớn, chiếm 1/3 quỹ của giáo dục để trả lương cho chuyên gia. Nhiều chuyên gia đã được trả lương cao hơn lương của Thủ Tướng. Một trong những chuyên gia trong đó là giáo sư hóa, thực và động vật học, William S. Clark ở Amherst, Massachusetts, Hoa Kỳ, sang để xây dựng Đại học nông nghiệp, sau này là Đại học Hokkaido. Khi từ giả, ông có câu nói nổi tiếng với sinh viên và cả dân tộc Nhật: “Boys, be ambitious”, “Các bạn trẻ, hãy có tham vọng” (nhiều hoài bảo). Người Nhật thật sự có tham vọng đưa đất nước họ lên nhanh chóng nhất ngang bằng với phương Tây, không những về công nghiệp, kinh tế, khoa học, mà còn về văn hóa. Mỗi người cần “nhiều hoài bảo” hơn, đừng quá rục rè, tham vọng một cách chính đáng, để là chính mình, phát huy tất cả sức mạnh của mình, góp phần đóng góp cao nhất cho đất nước. 

Nhưng các bạn chỉ có thể thể hiện trách nhiệm ở mức độ cao nhất, khi bạn “là một cái gì”. Đại văn hào Đức J. W. Goethe đã có một câu nói đáng ghi vào tâm trí: “Người ta phải là cái gì, để làm được một cái gì”. Một câu nói hết sức đơn giản như vô cùng sâu sắc. Các bạn phải có tham vọng, nhiều hoài bảo, phải là “một cái gì”, để làm được một “cái gì” cho đất nước, và cho chính bản thân bạn. Muốn thế, các bạn phải học hỏi và trao dồi thật nhiều tri thức và đức hạnh. Tri thức sẽ là con tàu phá băng, đưa bạn đến những vùng thế giới mới còn dấu mặt. Bạn sẽ thấy nhiều ánh sáng hơn, cảm nhận được nhiều tự do hơn, sáng tạo và năng động hơn, đóng góp hiệu quả hơn, và bạn sẽ thấy hạnh phúc, cuộc đời có ý nghĩa hơn. Đó là con đường tốt nhất. Không có con đường nào ngắn hơn. Đó cũng là con đường giải phóng của mỗi cá nhân, để lột xác, để từ một “con vịt xấu xí” trở thành “thiên nga”.

Sách là một phương tiện tốt nhất để mở rộng tầm nhìn. Và đây chính là điểm son của nhà sáng lập Đặng Lê Nguyên Vũ của Tập đoàn Trung Nguyên, người đã nhận ra tầm quan trọng của sách, và đã thành lập đề án đưa hàng triệu quyển sách hay đến thanh niên để lập chí, khởi nghiệp. Khi Nhật Bản Minh Trị mở cữa, những món hàng nhập khẩu đầu tiên không phải là hàng tiêu dùng, hay công cụ sản xuất, mà là sách. Phải, người Nhật trước tiên muốn biết phương Tây đã làm được những gì, văn minh, văn hóa của họ hình dạng ra sao, những gì đã tạo nên sức mạnh thần kỳ của họ. (1) Họ muốn học hỏi toàn diện văn minh phương Tây (bummeikaika). Cty nhập khẩu sách đầu tiên đó là MARUZEN, hiện vẫn còn hoạt động. Ngoài việc nhập sách, dịch sách của giới tinh hoa, Nhật cũng cử đoàn Sứ mệnh Iwakura đi sang Hoa Kỳ, và các nước phát triển châu Âu như Anh, Pháp, Đức… gần hai năm trời để quan sát và tìm khai sáng cho Nhật Bản. Nói tóm lại: Họ chịu khó học, và học tới nơi tới chốn, đúng theo nghĩa của Fukuzawa.

Đầu thế kỷ 20, cũng chính công ty sách Maruzen, và một số cty tư nhân khác, thường xuyên nhập sách liên quan đến hai cuộc cách mạng khoa học đang diễn ra sôi nổi ở châu Âu: Thuyết lượng tử, và thuyết tương đối. Họ là những nhà sách khai sáng, luôn luôn bám sát những diễn tiến khoa học mới nhất của thế giới để cung cấp kịp thời cho giới khoa học trong nước. Họ muốn chạy đua với thế giới, chứ không chịu làm quốc gia hạng ba hay hạng hai.

Những quyển sách này mang luồng gió mới và gây cảm hứng cho sinh viên vật lý, trong đó có Yukawa, nhà vật lý giải Nobel đầu tiên nói trên. Nhờ những quyển sách đó mà ông đã định hướng cho mình. Yukawa, cũng như các sinh viên khác, đọc được cả tiếng Đức lẫn tiếng Anh. Họ học cả tiếng Pháp. Tiếng Đức bấy giờ là “ngôn ngữ mẹ đẻ” của vật lý. Lớp đầu tiên những giáo sư giảng dạy ở các đại học Nhật là người Anh, Pháp, Đức. Họ giảng dạy bằng ngôn ngữ của họ. Nhật phải học từ những ngôn ngữ ấy, và từ từ làm cuộc chuyển ngữ. Họ rất chịu khó học.

Albert Einstein được mời sang Nhật Bản diễn thuyết năm 1922 không phải từ các đại học hay cơ quan chính phủ, mà từ một nhà xuất bản tư nhân có tên Kaizosha. Trước khi Einstein đến, Kaizosha đã cho ra mắt một tuyển tập Einstein gồm 4 tập bằng tiếng Nhật, những thứ chưa có ở châu Âu (2)

Muốn cho con người thông minh, thì xã hội phải đặt nền tảng của văn hóa thông minh. Sự tiến lên của đất nước phải đồng bộ ở tất cả các bộ phân của cơ thể xã hội. Khi nền tảng văn hóa thông minh rồi, thì con người sẽ phát huy sự thông minh.

Vài lời chia sẻ thêm, và rất mong các bạn “phải là cái gì, để làm được một cái gì” cho đất nước.

NXX

(1) Xem thêm Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Tại sao người Nhật mê đọc sách? Trên mạng.

(2) Xem Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Lời dẫn nhập trong sách Yukawa, Tự truyện. NXB ĐHQG HCM, sắp ra mắt 2017
Nguồn: Caphethubay

          FREEDOM IS A FULL-TIME JOB   
...
...
this poem is dedicated to the image of Che Guevara I saw emblazoned on a sugar sachet in a Starbucks by London Bridge

its called

THE REVOLUTION WILL NOT BE POLITICISED

or

FREEDOM IS A FULL-TIME JOB


to be more than simply each year’s cattle
must each year’s spirit fight each year’s battle?

is freedom less a thing or a place
than an unceasing search or an unending chase
so those who say they have done or won or got it,
only show that they have not it
for is it a land to which we can only strive?
but into which we can never arrive?
is it less in the choice, than in the choosing?
can it be used, or is it in the using?

yes folks,
its harder
and worserer
than you thought,
freedom is a full-time job

for the ways of thought hardest learnt and steered
by the boldest freers of previous years
were never enough, are already obsolete
back then they were never near complete
and now they can only show a way to go
which might have worked in part for them, then
but will never work so well again

for each age faces a new environment
new assaults and invasions
on its new and long-loved liberations
new media come and old media go
sometimes quick and sometimes slow
from bill gates to the cavemen to michelangelo
so every era sees fresh compulsions to subsume and comply
to why-not? sell-out? and self-commodify?
and so each generation must learn anew
how the very ground they walk through, and to
has steadily and imperceptibly changed
until the whole stretching landscape
is rearranged

so, to be more than simply this year’s cattle
must this year’s spirit fight this year’s battle?

for the old tries at freedom, so ardently sought
none of them wholly succeeded
the flames they never caught
and the waves they soon receded
everything you trusted
pretty soon got busted
the higher the boldest climbed and aimed
the further they fell and the more they got maimed
and yet all became
even more the same
as what once was the urge for the else
was then sold like processed cheese
as power, ever flexible,
rode the winds of change with ease
everything got debased and degraded
everything always has and did
the neon signs they went up
and the guidebooks they got published
and the drives for the new and different
got samified and vanquished
for someone’s genuinely new idea
will always be someone else’s genuinely long career
of course, it was ever so, and thus
where once only pioneers would go
you can now get the bus
so it no longer seems strange
that fashion took the place of change
and, yes, the sting
got removed from everything
so every hope and freedom got compromised
and the revolution would not be politicised

and, ahh, yes
the seeming assurance of matters long-handled how?
in pretty much the same way as now
giving well the impression
of an unstoppable momentum
of power and wealth
where you can’t change the world
you can only change yourself
but how can I matter when I’m so small-sized
and every best effort gets institutionalised
and the revolution will not be politicised

and yes
its all a bit galling to first guess
and then know
how the anti will soon become so much less,
and then become pro
how the demonised
will get tagged and labelled and categorised
first defused and then medium-sized
how it all becomes just more to enroll and extoll,
in the ever-growing arsenal of power and control
where once punk was radical
it is now pink and beck
where once post-modernism was radical
it is now disney and shrek
for someone’s genuinely new idea
will always be someone else’s long career
so why be surprised
when your every hope and freedom becomes despised
when lies become truth and truth become lies
so open up every orifice
while closing your eyes
for the revolution will not be politicised

and me, well I once had something I wanted to say,
but then the media wind it whipped the words away
the screens and paper gave a howling gale
drowning out my words
sapping their strength and making them frail
slight inadequate and shoutingly soundless
bare thin-boned and conclusively groundless
so little, so late, best to have not bothered at all
than to have aimed so big, and finished so small
and its terrible I know
to achieve so very little for all your go
for all your tries
and yes it may be internalised
but the revolution will not be politicised

and yet tomorrow the chase again
for the further chance to race again
and then, next day, the urge again
for another chance to surge again
to the long hard fight
to clear the blear and see the light
showing only further roads to further night
for freedom is a full-time job
has a full-time intent and task in it
giving us too little time to relent, or bask in it
so those who say they have done it or won it or got it,
only show that they have not it
for is it less a thing or a place
than an unceasing search or an unending chase
if its less in the choice, than in the choosing?
less to be used, more in the using?
a land towards which we can only strive
but into which we can never arrive?
only a long full fight
to see the light
showing only further roads
to further night
a long hard and wholly engaging fight
to see the light
showing only further roads
to further fight
...
...

          7 suited Ways To Make Money From Adsense Using Only Free Tools   

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Success here depends on three main factors. Firstly you should be just to join article proclamation lists and ezine lists that are as relevant as inherent to your branch matter and offering. Secondly your headline has to be a killer headline that will grab readers by the scruffs of their necks and force them to open your email message amongst the dozens or even hundreds of others they receive daily. It goes without saying that the article must meet the promise of your sensational headline. Anything less will cause annoyance and leave all those inherent visitors to your Adsense site feeling cheated. And believe me, you don't want to cause this sort of reaction because it is assuredly not one of the ways o make money from Adsense or any other schedule for that matter. Thirdly, you will need the sort of resource box in all your articles that will leave most of your readers with no selection but to visit your Adsense site.

Within a very short of consistently applying this technique, my daily Adsense revenue increased seven-fold.

b) Ways to make money from Adsense by Distributing free articles to high traffic article sites
Some habitancy find the recent trends that have seen an growth in article sites surprising. I don't. The net is primarily an information-seeking tool. Anything that will help heighten the search and ability of facts will greatly benefit the habitancy manufacture that effort.

Some of the older article directories receive very high traffic, generally from web masters and site owners seeking ability free article for their sites. So apart from the immediate exposure these sites also certify abundance of future targeted traffic to your site, when folks find your articles useful enough to re-post at their sites.

The more new articles you publish to these sites every week, the more targeted traffic your Adsense sites will receive. This is in fact one of the most efficient ways of manufacture money consistently from Adsense clicks. One of the reasons for this is that targeted traffic will tend to spend more time at your site or sites, and the more time they spend, the higher the chances that they will click one one of the Adsense ads posted there.

c) Ways to make money from Adsense by Using Articles And A Viral Marketing Website

Any online marketing technique that involves the use of referral marketing or viral marketing automatically has a huge opening of being a success. The net is ideal for viral marketing and in fact gives any viral marketer huge leverage. Viral marketing or referral marketing is one of the most efficient ways to make money online. Just ask Bill Gates.

When Gates was trying to play catch up on the Internet after an earlier mistake of underestimating the future significance of the net, he launched his Hotmail free email assistance when rivals like Yahoo already had millions of users. He decided to use a easy referral marketing technique. Every Hotmail message that went out had a brief signature at the end requesting the recipient to sign up for their free Hotmail account. Within a few short months, Hotmail had millions of users. And there are many other splendid stories which viral marketing boasts of on the net.

There is one of the very easy ways to make money from Adsense by going viral. Sign up at a important viral marketing site. You will automatically get your own viral site. You can then use some of your articles to point habitancy to your viral site. The way these sites work is that anybody who signs up at your site will have to visit your Adsense site if you register it at the site. So within a very short time you will be driving thousands of visitors to your Adsense site.

Find more details on this at my blog whose address you'll find in the resource box below.

Admittedly this traffic is less targeted. Still the huge inherent and inherent numbers you are able to receive using this free tool more than makes up for this.

d) Ways to make money from Adsense With Your Email signature

People greatly underestimate the power and inherent effectiveness of a easy email signature as one of the ways to make money online. truly this is a viral marketing formula because emails get forwarded all the time and are even copied to some other habitancy sometimes.

Do not waste someone else minute. Go to all your email accounts right now and create a signature that points to your Adsense site or sites.

Writing efficient email signatures is a skill that you will have to develop, but I have found that using notable quotes is more efficient than a straight advertising message. Always remember that habitancy hate to be advertised to online.

e) Ways to make money from Adsense By asking Questions At seminar groups

I recently had an interesting conversation with a young Internet and computer techie. He asked me either there were quick ways to make money online by answering technical questions and helping habitancy to solve their computer and web-related problems. My talk was that there were many seminar groups where participants would get these answers for free. I advised him that he had a best opening of manufacture money by manufacture use of this free guidance available online rather than by trying to sell his own advice.

There are tons of online seminar groups where important world experts will talk your questions and give you requisite comprehension for free. It is splendid why most habitancy do not think of using these online forums to learn as much as they can about the most efficient ways of manufacture money from Adsense.

These forums can truly be found straight through you favorite search engine.

f) Ways to make money from Adsense By Bartering your online skills for requisite Adsense keywords

In the old days, before the invention of money, if somebody needed something, the first query they asked themselves was; "What is it that I already have that I can transfer for what I need? Barter trade seems to have been forgotten but it is a very excellent formula of trading. More so online where habitancy have abundance of skills but are slow to trust others enough to send them money for an item they need.

You can barter Anything it is you have, your skills, products or services, and transfer them for genuine requisite Adsense keywords. requisite Adsense keywords are the most efficient way for a small site with low traffic to earn big cash from Adsense. And you can do this barter trade on an ongoing basis so that you Always have a constant supply of requisite Adsense keywords which you can use at your site or blog as one of the ways to make more money from Adsense.

g) Ways to make money from Adsense By Sending Teaser Emails

To everybody In Your Inbox And Also To Your Opt-in Email List
Most of us receive tons of email in our inbox every day. You'll be surprised at the huge estimate of habitancy you know by plainly going straight through your email inbox. No matter how good your spam filters are, you are also bound to be receiving more than your fare share of Spam or unsolicited email. All this is "gold" lying in your email inbox and there are ways to make money using these emails. All you need to do to process the emails into pure gold is to send out "teaser emails about the most interesting aspects of article at your site. The whole objective of teaser emails is to get habitancy to visit your site. For instance if I were to send out teaser email on this article here is how I would organize it;

Subject: Free Tools Currently Being Used To growth Adsense Earnings

Hello,

Just thought you might be curious in this subject, since so many folks online use Adsense these days. If not please accept my sincere apologies. Details are at my site.

www. Your site's address .com

Regards,
Chris.

I am sure you can write an even more efficient teaser email. It would be a best idea to have a different message for your close friends, a different one for your company contacts and yet someone else one for those nasty guys Spamming you.

These are just some of the many creative ways to make money from Adsense.


          Bill Gates bohaterem komiksu   
W USA ukazuje się komiks, przedstawiający życie i sukcesy szefa firmy Microsoft.
          Comment on Thanks Bill Gates. Yahoo~ by Weekly Play update | SEO | SEM | Affiliate Expert | Andy Huang   
[...] SEO | SEM | Affiliate Expert | Andy Huang Optimizing creative SEO | SEM | Affiliate marketing strategies to explode your business revenue. « Thanks Bill Gates. Yahoo~ [...]
          Sony Ericsson J10i2 Unlock Code   
Sony Ericsson J10i2 Unlock Code More is better. On the other hand, sharing may be neat, but can it beat the power of capital? Application software s employees may be just serfs motivated by the dream that someday their meager stock options will be worth enough to retire upon, but they have a huge pile of cash driving them forward. This cap- ital can be shifted very quickly If Bill Gates wants Sony Ericsson J10i2 Unlock Code 534 program to create something, he can wave his hand. lf he wants to Application software 1,000 computers, it takes him a second. That s the power of capital. Linus Torvalds may be on the cover ofs, but he cant do anything with the wave ofa hand. He must charm and cajole the thou- sands offolks on the Linux mailing list to make a change. Many ofthesuite software projects may generate great code, but they have to beg for computers. The programmers might even surprise Sony Ericsson J10i2 Unlock Code and come up with an even better solution.
          De retour du CES, édition 2008   

CES parvis du Convention Center

Je bats ma coulpe, ô lecteur, pour t'avoir laissé si longtemps errer sur le Web à la recherche de mes considérations éclairées, et pour me faire pardonner, je t'offre un rapide compte-rendu du CES, le Consumer Electronics Show, qui se tenait cette semaine à Las Vegas, temple du luxe, du fric, du mauvais goût et de la luxure. Pour une couverture plus exhaustive, on consultera la zone dédiée au CES 2008 sur Clubic.

Ami lecteur, sache tout d'abord que j'ai pas succombé aux sirènes de la bien nommée Sin City. Mes pertes au jeu se sont limitées à trois dollars, soit environ le prix d'un quarter pounder without cheese, et j'ai résisté à toutes les hotesses siliconées qui tentaient de m'attirer dans leurs rets ! Sache ensuite que ce fut loin d'être une permanente partie de plaisir, la couverture dite Live du salon impliquant de passer ses soirées à rédiger des actus et uploader des photos au lieu de se laisser sombrer dans les méandres des casinos et des night clubs qu'ils abritent.

Que retenir de cette édition 2008 ? Tout d'abord, la dernière allocution de Bill Gates, cofondateur et président de Microsoft, jusqu'à ce qu'il cède ses fonctions, en juillet prochain. Aucune annonce fracassante n'est venue ponctuer son discours émaillé de gags vidéo et d'interventions extérieures. Toutefois, Sir Bill s'est laissé aller à une émotion qui semblait sincère devant les vivats de quelque 6.000 spectateurs, avant de rappeler que l'avenir de Microsoft était incarné par la convergence des écosystèmes logiciels (environnement Windows), Web (services Live) et mobile (Windows Mobile).

Bill Gates & Slash - CES 2008

Du côté du salon proprement dit, impossible de faire l'impasse sur la bataille des médias optiques de nouvelle génération, qui oppose le HD DVD au Blu-ray. Le camp HD DVD a subi une lourde défection à quelques jours de l'ouverture du CES avec le passage de Warner sous l'étendard Blu-ray, ce qui s'est traduit par des porte-paroles atonnes, bien en peine de défendre les mérites de leur format face à une concurrence pavoisante. Certains observateurs affirment que ce n'est plus une bataille, mais la guerre qui est jouée désormais. Rien n'est moins sûr, même si le Blu-ray a maintenant une belle longueur d'avance dans l'esprit des commentateurs et des consommateurs avertis.

On retiendra également la montée en puissance des appareils ultra mobiles communiquants, omniprésents dans les travées du Convention Center de Las Vegas. De l'Eee PC d'Asus, étonnament discret, aux concepts présentés par Intel et ses partenaires, l'informatique mobile s'impose clairement comme l'une des grandes tendances de 2008, même si la plupart des produits présentés ne sont pas vraiment en adéquation avec les attentes du consommateur. En parallèle, on observe une forte progression du nombre de produits faisant appel à des technologies sans fil, du Wimax aux transmetteurs vidéo domestiques.

Enfin, comment ne pas évoquer la course à la diagonale que se livrent les fabricants de téléviseurs : toujours plus grands, toujours plus fins, les écrans plats de demain nous promettent monts et merveille. Du plasma 150 pouces de Panasonic aux lumineuses télévisions OLED de Sony, l'image n'a pas fini de nous impressioner, en admettant que les contenus s'adaptent afin de tirer parti de résolutions et de profondeurs de couleur toujours plus importantes. Le plasma, que l'on pensait détrôné par la technologie LCD, signe à cette occasion son retour en grâce.

Panasonic plasma 150 pouces

A l'exception de quelques alléchantes présentations comme Surface de Microsoft, les visiteurs du CES 2008 s'accordent à dire qu'aucun produit ne leur a vraiment arraché des cris de joie ou de stupéfaction. Evolution, et non révolution, de l'existant. Heureusement, les charmes de Vegas parviennent encore à tirer des regards de bovin aux badauds errant sur le Strip !

Hot babes bovin Las Vegas


             
BBC: "If you find an e-mail from Bill Gates in your inbox, the chances are that the message is a computer virus."
          Microsoft Monday: More Frequent Windows 10 Updates, Halo 6 Details, Bill Gates' Trip To India   
“Microsoft Monday" is a weekly column that focuses on updates in regards to the Redmond giant. This week, “Microsoft Monday” includes details about more frequent Windows 10 updates, additional Halo 6 details, Q3 earnings results and much more.
          The Power Canard   
     [Inasmuch as the Left has been laboring mightily to eliminate freedom of expression, I’ve decided to resurrect yet another piece from the old Palace of Reason. The following first appeared there on June 7, 2002. -- FWP]


Part One: What is power?

     Someone recently ventured to resurrect the old saw that "money is power." Inasmuch as both terms are undefined to most people, I thought I might lend my offices to the cause of clarity.

     At this time, the wealthiest man in the world is William H. Gates, founder and chairman of Microsoft. I've met Mr. Gates. I came away from the meeting with no great opinion of him personally. But I didn't fear him, nor feel a need to please him. Yet, if "money is power," I should have been terrified of eliciting his slightest displeasure.

     Gates, by virtue of his immense wealth and his captaincy of a giant corporation, has a proportional ability to influence the decisions of others -- if those decisions are more sensitive to the prospect of getting some of Gates's bucks than to other factors. However, were he to commit a felony -- say, rape -- his billions would not avail him, except to buy him the best legal defense available. Were he to take umbrage at someone who had slighted him, he could only refuse to do business with that person henceforward.

     Gates has "power to": the power of the Level and the Square. He can undertake vast projects with distant horizons, with a better chance of success than virtually anyone else in the world. But he has not one shred of "power over." He cannot forcibly deprive one human being of his life, liberty or property, not even some utterly derelict, friendless junkie who sleeps on a Washington D.C. heating grille, without exposing himself to legal redress... unless he succeeds in purchasing immunity from the agents of the State.

     Political power is "power over": the power of the Gun, the power to deprive men of their lives, liberties, or properties without fear of a legal backblast. Consider the lowest, scrawniest bureaucrat from the Department of Health and Human Services. He wields "power over", over all of us. His ability to write regulations with the force of law, to levy fines, to order U.S. Marshals to take citizens into custody and to kill them if they resist, is infinitely more "power over" than Bill Gates has on the best days of his life.

     Politicians and bureaucrats have managed to confuse "power to" with "power over" in the public mind. They have induced the people to forget that "power to" can do them no harm unless "power over" is for sale -- and that the more "power over" we tolerate, the more of it will inevitably be for sale, as those who wield political power are always drawn from the lowest of the moral strata.


Part Two: The proper limits of power.

     Once we're past the "power to" vs. "power over" confusion, much becomes clear about the American Left. One thing that ought not to occupy us, not for a second, is why they want power over us. Motives don't matter. Ask the citizens of the former Soviet Union.

     The question lefties hate is, "Where's the stopping point? At what point does the individual's right to be left alone forbid further expansion of the reach of government?" The true answer, "there is no stopping point," wouldn't go over big with most Americans, no matter how "compassionate" their inclinations. So they slide around it.

     But it's necessary, in conversations with the still-reachable, to be able to demonstrate this. The best evidence is the evolution of the left-wing attitude toward freedom of speech.

     When freedom weenies get into a discussion of this, it's usually misdirected toward matters like the Mapplethorpe or Serrano obscenities. This is a waste of time for us. The issue there isn't freedom of speech, it's coercive government funding for the arts, about which there's no debate. If the cretins who purvey pictures of crucifixes in urine and bullwhips protruding from men's anuses had to get by on the merits of their art, rather than on their ability to woo funding from the NEA, they'd starve to death in a month.

     The American Left started out as passionate about the idea of free expression, but over the last thirty years, the trend has reversed. Today, freedom of expression is reserved, in their view, only for people who agree with them. Folks such as Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin have orchestrated a national campaign for the idea that words are just as deadly as bullets, and should be even more closely regulated... by themselves.

     The seed idea comes from Herbert Marcuse's 1965 essay "Repressive Tolerance," in which he argued that the importance of achieving preeminence for socialist ideas was so great that to tolerate dissent from them was itself a crime. He called unabashedly for suspension of the rights to free speech and free assembly, until society had been restructured to fit socialist premises. The past thirty-five years have seen the American Left, once passionate in defense of this freedom, move into an ever-closer embrace of censorship in support of that ultimate chimera, "social justice."

     If free speech, which for decades was the only freedom the Left would rise to defend, must be disposed of when it impedes the socialization of America, then what freedom would remain? And what becomes of their claim to represent any "liberal" idea?


Part Three: Classifying the American Power-Seeker.

     So: Their followers may not know it and may not want to believe it, but the inner circle of the American Left is interested solely in gaining unlimited power over the rest of us. Where does this put them on the Great Taxonomic Chart of Politics?

     Communism -- nationalization of all industry and commerce -- is utterly unworkable and leads to mass poverty. Even folks who still call themselves Communists will admit it. But there's another totalitarian political faith that tries to avert Communism's failings while preserving its core. That creed leaves the nominal ownership of things in private hands, but then regulates their use and interplay as tightly as possible, and confiscates the greater part of the earnings from all commerce. It also extends into private lives, regulating and planning as much of human existence as possible -- all the while preserving the fiction that private life and private property still exist. It's this alternative to Communism that bears the greatest resemblance to the Left's program today.

     "Why bother to socialize industries? We socialize human beings." -- Adolf Hitler.

     Of course, typical Leftists will be horrified at the fascist label. But the similarities between the Left's programs and those of Mussolini are striking, especially as regards the ever-tightening regulatory web and ever-higher taxation the Left advocates. Yet, when compelled to concede this, they will insist that their purposes are utterly benign, so there can be no comparing them to the historic monsters that designed their ideological model.

     But really, is a social-welfare fascist any better in practice than a garden-variety fascist?

     In his 1944 book The Road To Serfdom, economics Nobelist Friedrich Hayek included a stunning essay titled "Why The Worst Get On Top." Its penetration of the dynamics of unlimited power caused the socialists of the Western world to crusade for a ban on Hayek's book. Yet Hayek's common sense thesis can be summarized in two points:

  • When unlimited power exists in the State, the man most likely to grasp it for his own will be the man who wants it most, and is most willing to use it.
  • Once someone stands at the pinnacle of power, his attention will be given primarily to eliminating threats to his hegemony, which means surrounding himself with henchmen who will do as he directs, without questions or moral qualms.

     When Gerald Ford said: "Any government big enough to give you everything you want is big enough to take everything you have," he was stating a truth that went completely over the heads of many well-meaning Americans. But it was a warning to be heeded. Social-welfare fascism, the operating principle of the American Left, would be no more "compassionate" once established here than Adolf Hitler or Benito Mussolini were.

          Sick and Wrong Episode 518   
Dee and Harrison think that Bill Gates’ master plan is to use the Zika virus to create an army of microcephalics. Dee has a rare occurrence at work. Staten Island armless man mugged for iPhone. Chinese prostitute stuck with a client. Phone calls.
          O véu de ignorância de John Rawls e o mútuo benefício de Thomas Hobbes – Por Alessandra Wanderley   
Por Alessandra Wanderley – 29/06/2017 I – Considerações iniciais  Para Aristóteles a teoria da justiça é alcançada levando em consideração o télos (palavra grega que significa propósito, finalidade ou objetivo) e a honra. Compreender o propósito de uma prática, ou mesmo discutir sobre a mesma as virtudes que devem honrar ou recompensar. Aristóteles acreditava que as discussões sobre justiça são debates inevitáveis sobre honra, virtude e a natureza de uma vida boa (SANDEL, 2012, p.233/234).[1] Seguindo essa ideia de Aristóteles a justiça realiza-se quando damos a alguém o que ele merece, ou seja, a justiça acontece a partir da concepção de algo a alguém dentro de suas virtudes. (SANDEL, 2012, p. 234)[2] Apesar das diretrizes dadas por Aristóteles no intuito de traçar uma forma de se alcançar a justiça, esse conceito é muito complexo e apesar das contribuições filosóficas ao longo dos anos, chegar a um ponto comum é tarefa difícil ou quase impossível. A justiça ou que entendemos ser a mesma irá se constituir em cada um de nós a partir dos nossos valores éticos, filosóficos, religiosos e culturais. Assim, definir a mesma depende de uma infinidade de variantes e que por vezes sofrem mudanças se considerarmos caso a caso, pessoa a pessoa, época, motivações, entre outros. Essa dificuldade remonta a atual discussão e traz as novas concepções de justiça, algumas mais complexas, porém todas com o objetivo de traçar um único caminho a sua conceituação. A partir dessas incertezas e com a ideia de tentar chegar a um consenso, o presente trabalho irá discutir as teorias elencadas por Rawls, bem como, as ideias hobbesianas sobre justiça, demonstrando as diferenças existentes entre as ideais contratualistas de Rawls e Hobbes. Apesar do contrato social ter surgido com Hobbes no século XVI, seguido por Locke (século XVII) e após Rousseau e Kant (século XVIII), Rawls trouxe no século XX uma nova visão do contrato social, uma interpretação inovadora do mesmo. Apesar de concordar com alguns aspectos de Hobbes, alguns pontos são controversos dentro da visão contratualista de Rawls e seu contrato hipotético, tendo esse último redesenhado a visão clássica contratual, não estando os indivíduos obrigados a entrega de seus direitos naturais ao legislador absoluto – o Leviatã. I – Rawls e o véu da ignorância: Rawls acreditava que uma sociedade para alcançar o bem comum ou ainda a liberdade fundamental, que na sua concepção significava não submeter essas liberdades a nenhum cálculo de utilidade, devemos estar sob o véu da ignorância, remetidos à posição original, situação em que nossas decisões não terão como propósito o interesse particular. “Posição Original. Imaginemos uma asamblea em la que todos los membros de uma sociedad van a elegir sus instituciones de base. Por <instituiciones de bse> se entende el conjunto de instituciones fundamentales que determinarán el modo em que se organizará la vida económica y política de essa sociedad… Los indivíduos que participan em ella saben que las decisiones que tomen van a condicionar toda su vida, así como la vida de sus hijos e de sus nietos.  Todos aceptan que essas reglas serán fijadas mediante um acuerdo que contemple los interesses y preocupaciones de cada uno. Agreguemos dos nuevos datos. El primeiro es que, por más diferentes que sean entre sí, todos los membros de la sociedad comparten dos capacidades morales fundamentales: la capacidade de desarrollar y de intentar poner em prática uma concepción del bien (esto es, um conjunto de ideas acerca de como vale la pena vivir que orientará sus elecciones particulares) y la capacidad de desarrollar um sentindo de la justicia (esto es, la capacidad de entender los princípios normativos que se haya decidido respetar y de actuar em consonância com ellos). Rawls resumirá estas ideias diciendo que los indivíduos son al mismo tempo racionales y razonables. El segundo dato es que, em el momento de ingressar em esta assemblea imaginaria, los indivíduos caen bajo um velo de ignorância. Esto significa que los indivíduos <olvidan> cuáles son sus características particulares: no saben si son ricos o pobres, hombres o mujeres, blancos o negros, creyentes e no creyebtes. Tampouco conocen cuál es sua própria concepción del bien, es decir, el <sistema de fines> que van orientar sus elecciones.”[3] Dessa concepção entende Rawls que o contrato social é uma espécie de acordo hipotético em uma posição original de equidade. Ele na realidade faz um convite para que façamos o raciocínio sobre os princípios que nós – como pessoas racionais e com interesses próprios – escolheríamos caso estivéssemos nessa posição. Ele não parte do pressuposto de que todos sejamos motivados apenas pelo interesse próprio na vida real; pede que deixemos de lado nossas convicções morais e religiosas para realizar essa experiência imaginária. (SANDEL, 2012, p. 178).[4] Para isso, o que Rawls pede que façamos é nos colocarmos em uma posição hipotética original, sob o véu da ignorância, na qual não teríamos noção de nós mesmos, nem sequer de nossa posição na sociedade. Dessa forma, teríamos cuidado nas escolhas dos princípios que norteariam nossas vidas, pois desconheceríamos nossa classe, religião, etnia, cultura, evitando que as escolhas feitas fossem benéficas a alguns e prejudiciais a outros. Por isso, não optaríamos pelo utilitarismo, pois “pensando bem posso vir a ser um membro de uma minoria oprimida.” Dessa forma ninguém se arriscaria a ser o cristão atirado aos leões para o divertimento da multidão. Tampouco escolheria o simples laissez-faire, utilitarista ou ainda libertário. O princípio libertário que daria às pessoas o direito de ficar com todo o dinheiro recebido em uma economia de mercado. Uma vez que “posso acabar sendo o Bill Gates”, alguém raciocinaria, “mas também posso, por outro lado, ser um sem-teto. Portanto é melhor evitar um sistema que me deixe desamparado ou que não me ajude.” (SANDEL, 2012, p. 178/179) Para Rawls a ideia de justiça é alcançada quando desconhecemos a nossa posição na sociedade, bem como, estamos desvinculados de qualquer outro critério, seja religioso, cultural, étnico, ou qualquer situação que possa caracterizar em uma escolha discriminatória ou vantajosa a algum grupo ou pessoa. Segue Rawls em sua teoria afirmando que quando nos encontramos na posição original, o racional seria adotar uma estratégia chamada maximin que na gíria econômica significa maximizar o mínimo. Isso porque Rawls acreditava em uma divisão igualitária de riquezas, permitindo desigualdades sociais ou econômicas, somente quando visavam beneficiar os menos favorecidos. “Maximin. Rawls afirma que lo racional em essas condiciones seria adoptar uma estratégia llamada maximin (uma palavra que proviene de la jerga econômica y que abrevia la expression. <maximizar el mínimo>. Recordemos que los princípios ynormas que vamos adoptar van influir a lo largo de nuestra vidas. Recordemos tambien que no sabemos cual es nuestra concepcion del bien ni qué lugar ocupamos em la sociedad. Puestos em estas condiciones, si negociamos mal podemos lamnetarlo mientras vivamos. Por ejemplo podemos condenarnos a nosostros mismos a no estar nunca em condiciones de realizar nuestras própria concepicin del bien.”[5]  Neste aspecto a teoria de Rawls contraria a de Hobbes, já que esse último considera que as escolhas feitas pelo indivíduo são racionais e por isso se espelham em seus interesses, não estando vinculados a essa imparcialidade trazida na teoria Rawlsiana, que na posição original estariam sob um véu de ignorância. Assim, para Rawls a sua teoria em parte segue da escolha racional, porém a razoabilidade vem antes daquela, não sendo racional maximizar os benefícios obtidos, sem que essa atitude minimize as desigualdades dos menos favorecidos. Podemos vislumbrar a crítica de Rawls à ideia racional de Hobbes no trecho in verbis: “Em seu estado de natureza, todas as pessoas têm o fim privado ou pessoal de sua própria felicidade, ou de sua própria segurança. Esses fins, evidentemente, não são compartilhados; podem ser do mesmo tipo, mas não são precisamente o mesmo fim. O contrato social de Hobbes que estabelece a soberania não envolve um fim compartilhado, menos ainda um fim que todos devem compartilhar, exceto na medida em que são racionais (em contraposição a razoáveis). Ademais, as instituições do Estado são um fim comum apenas no sentido de são um meio para a felicidade ou segurança isolada de cada indivíduo. Essas instituições não especificam uma forma de vida política pública que deve ser vista pelos cidadãos como certa ou justa em si mesma e a partir da qual eles são movidos a agir em virtude de seu senso de justiça. A sociedade do Leviatã é um tipo de sociedade privada (…) Não há uma unidade real, uma vez que não há um mesmo fim publicamente compartilhado.”[6] Ainda quanto à racionalidade não tratar-se da obtenção de benefícios, tem-se: “…Argumenta Rawls, lo racional no seria tratar de maximizar los posibles benefícios que podamos obtener, sino minimizar los riesgos a los que podriamos enfrentarnos em el caso que nos toque estar entre los membros menos favorecidos de la sociedad. Em otras palabras, lo que tenemos que hacer no es maximizar nuestras ganancias potenciales en el caso de que nos toque ganar, sino minimizar los eventuales daños em el caso de que nos toque perder. Rawls resume esta idea diciendo que tenemos que diseñar las instituciones de base de la sociedade bajo el supuesto de que nuestro lugar será assignado por nuestro peor enemigo.”[7]  Na concepção de Rawls determinar as normas que vão conduzir uma sociedade sob o véu de ignorância vai a favor de nossos próprios interesses, tomando por base o esquecimento que deve nos nortear nesse momento, o que nos impossibilita conhecer nossa real posição social, buscando fazer escolhas que consideram o bem comum, certos da incerteza do que o futuro nos reserva. II – Os princípios trazidos por Rawls em sua teoria da justiça:  Rawls apresenta fundamentalmente dois princípios que irão nortear sua teoria da justiça. São eles o princípio da liberdade e o princípio da diferença e igualdade. Porém, antes de adentrar aos referidos princípios deve-se ter em mente o princípio da justiça, a ser conferido quando Rawls nos convida a ocupar a posição original sob o véu da ignorância, na qual iremos nos esquecer de nossa posição social, inteligência, crença, etnia, ou qualquer outra informação que possa nos favorecer em nossas escolhas. No que tange a liberdade o mesmo relaciona-se basicamente a permitir a todos um igualitário direito ao mais amplo sistema de liberdades fundamentais. Essas liberdades relacionam-se aos direitos e liberdades básicas, liberdade política, de expressão, de pensamento, de associação, de propriedade, todas protegidas pelo estado de direito. Com relação ao princípio da diferença esse é entendido no contexto em que Rawls autoriza a existência de uma diferença, quando a mesma representa a melhoria de determinada classe ou pessoa. Ou seja, quando há uma desigualdade justificada para que haja um visível benefício a uma classe menos favorecida. Assim, segundo Rawls (1999, seção 17, apud SANDEL, 212, p. 194: “O princípio da diferença representa, na verdade, um acordo para considerar a distribuição das aptidões naturais um bem comum e para compartilhar quaisquer benefícios que ela possa propiciar. Os mais favorecidos pela natureza, não importa quem sejam, só devem usufruir de sua boa sorte de maneiras que melhorem a situação dos menos favorecidos. Aqueles que se encontram naturalmente em posição vantajosa não devem ser beneficiados simplesmente por ser mais dotados, mas apenas para cobrir os custos com treinamento e educação e usar seus dotes de modo a ajudar também os menos afortunados. Ninguém é mais merecedor de maior capacidade natural ou deve ter o privilégio de uma melhor posição de largada na sociedade. Mas isso não significa que essas distinções devam ser limitadas. Há oura maneira de lidar com elas. A estrutura básica da sociedade pode ser elaborada de forma que essas contingências trabalhem para o bem dos menos afortunados.”[8]  Apresar das diferenças entre as teorias de Rawlsiana e Hobbesiana, comparativamente aos princípios trazidos por aquele, podemos encontrar algumas semelhanças com as leis naturais de Hobbes, como vê-se na relação existente entre o princípio da diferença de Rawls e a 5ª. Lei de Hobbes, que suma traz: “5- Que cada um se esforçe por ajustar-se aos outros; lei da sociebilidade…”[9] Bem, como da relação entre o princípio Rawlsiano de igualdade, e a nona lei de Hobbes, in verbis: “9 – Que cada um reconheça no próximo seu igual por natureza.”[10] Apesar das singularidades entre alguns pontos abordados por Rawls e Hobbes aquele remonta o seu conceito de justiça baseado na racionalidade deliberativa, na qual busca-se o bem de todos, os interesses comuns, diferentemente da visão racional hobesiana em busca de seus próprios interesses ou alcance de benefícios. A maior crítica de Rawls é à arbitrariedade moral. Não sendo justo que a distribuição de renda siga fatores ou se baseie em pontos que não alcancem a moral e consequentemente a equidade. Por isso entende Rawls, esboçando a despeito de sua primeira afirmação sobre os seus princípios:  “Primeiro: cada pessoa deve ter um direito igual ao mais abrangente sistema de liberdades báscias iguais que seja compatível com um sistema semelhante de liberdades para as outras. Segundo: as desigualdades sociais e econômicas devem ser ordenadas de tal modo que sejam ao mesmo tempo (a) consideradas como vantajosas para todos dentro dos limites do razoável, e (b) vinculadas a posição e cargos acessíveis a todos.”[11]  O que se percebe da análise das ideias de Rawls é que o mesmo tem como propósito a formação de uma sociedade adepta a um contrato social hipotético que tenha como escopo o bem estar de todos, não admitindo que aqueles que possuam dotes naturais, ou sejam, mais afortunados não venham auxiliar aos demais menos favorecidos. Neste sentido, para Rawls a ideia libertária, de livre mercado não tem qualquer relação com justiça, que em termos legais irá permitir que todos possam se esforçar e competir, mas diante das diferenças naturais existentes, essa ideia não traz igualdade, em virtude dos dotes naturais, aquele com menos virtudes ficará sempre aquém daqueles mais afortunados ou virtuosos. Assim argumenta Ralws (1999, seção 12, apud SANDEL, 2012, p. 191: “…que a distribuição de renda e fortuna que resulta do livre mercado com oportunidades formalmente iguais não pode ser considerada justa. A injustiça mais evidente do sistema libertário “é o fato de ele permitir que a divisão de bens seja indevidamente influenciada por esses fatores tão arbitrários do ponto de vista moral” [12]  III – Críticas à Rawls e a sua teoria igualitária:  Rawls por remontar sua teoria nos princípios da liberdade, da diferença e igualdade, além de criticar a meritocracia, recebeu diversas críticas, pois alguns entendiam que o seu desejo era a limitação dos indivíduos e de suas aptidões. Ocorre que Rawls não foi bem compreendido neste aspecto, pois não era ele a favor da limitação do indivíduo ou de suas aptidões, mas sim da distribuição de benefícios que essas características pudessem gerar para o dono dos dotes naturais. Acreditava Rawls que para uma sociedade alcançar a equidade, deveria o Estado proporcionar igualdade de condições a todos, isso inclui educação, saúde, moradia e demais necessidades importantes ao desenvolvimento social. Acontece, que como bem expressa Rawls, ainda que houvesse essa igualdade de condições, poderíamos nos deparar com situações que fugiriam desses padrões, ou seja, os dotes naturais ou aptidões que são natas a alguns e a outros não, independente de sua formação. E é com base nessa situação que o renomado filósofo vislumbrava poder ocorrer outras desigualdades. Concluindo que uma meritocracia justa tentará corrigir as diferenças sociais e econômicas. Ou seja, traz Rawls que nem mesmo o mercado funcionando em uma sociedade com oportunidades iguais de educação conseguirá atingir uma distribuição justa de renda e riqueza, sendo a razão disso: (SANDEL, 2012, p. 192).[13] A distribuição é determinada pelo resultado da loteria natural; e esse resultado é arbitrário do ponto de vista moral. Não há mais razão para que se permita que a distribuição de renda e riqueza seja determinada pela distribuição dos bens naturais do que pela fortuna histórica e social.[14] Conclui ainda Rawls que a concepção de meritocracia de justiça é falha pelo mesmo motivo (embora em menor grau) que a concepção libertária: ambas fundamentam a distribuição de direitos em fatores moralmente arbitrários. (SANDEL, 2012, p. 192)[15] “Uma vez que somos influenciados tanto pelas contingências sociais quanto pelas oportunidades naturais na determinação da distribuição de direitos, poderemos ser prejudicados pela influência de uma ou de outra. Do ponto de vista moral, ambas parecem igualmente arbitrárias.”[16] Ainda foram feitas objeções às ideias de Rawls quanto aos incentivos e esforços de cada um. A primeira relacionava-se de modo que não haveria incentivo aqueles com mais dotes, visto que como deveriam auxiliar aos menos favorecidos, isso poderia gerar um desestimulo ao trabalho. A segunda relacionava-se a fato de que os talentos naturais não são apenas méritos, mas o resultado de muito trabalho ou esforço para alcançar o seu objetivo. Quanto à primeira questão sobre os incentivos, Rawls volta a explicá-la utilizando o seu princípio da diferença, em que uma desigualdade só se justifica quando favorece aqueles menos afortunados. Assim, não é a favor de salários iguais para todos, ou da limitação de seus talentos, pois isso sim poderia gerar o desestímulo, mas acreditava na distribuição indireta, dentro do benefício conferido aquele com mais talentos naturais, causando uma melhoria na vida dos indivíduos que estão na base da pirâmide. Contudo, é importante esclarecer: “… que permitir diferenças salariais a título de incentivo não é o mesmo que dizer que os bem-sucedidos têm mais direitos morais aos frutos de seu trabalho. Se Rawls estiver certo, as desigualdades de renda só serão justas na medida em que incentivarem esforços que, no cômputo geral, ajudem os menos favorecidos, e não porque os altos executivos ou os astros do esporte mereçam ganhar mais do que os operários de fábrica.”[17] No que diz respeito à crítica relacionada ao esforço, Rawls esclarece que em alguns casos, independente, de serem conferidas oportunidades igualitárias, teremos indivíduos que sairão na frente e isso estará atrelado as oportunidades que teve, ao produto de sua educação ou base familiar e que esses aspectos nos criam uma barreira para equalizar a situação dos menos dotados ou com oportunidades diversas. Rawls (1999, seção 18, apud SANDEL), responde que até o esforço pode ser produto de uma educação favorável. “Até mesmo a vontade de se esforçar, de tentar e portanto, de merecer no sentido geral depende de circunstâncias familiares e sociais mais confortáveis.[18] Como outros fatores que determinam nosso sucesso, o esforço é influenciado por contingências cujos créditos não podemos reinvindicar. “Parece claro que o esforço que uma pessoa está disposta a fazer é influenciado por sua habilidade natural e pelas alternativas que tem. Os mais favorecidos tendem, além de outras coisas, a se empenhar conscientemente…”[19] IV – Considerações finais: Analisando a teoria de Rawls tem-se que sua ideia é voltada a equidade social e o bem de toda uma sociedade a partir do contrato hipotético em posição original que o mesmo pede a que todos se submetam sob o véu de ignorância, com a certeza de que o Estado se desenvolve a partir dos ideais de todos e participação da população de forma direta nas tomadas de decisões que envolvem as normas que irão nortear a convivência social. Ao contrário de Rawls, Hobbes entendia que os indivíduos precisam de um soberano para administrar os interesses, abrindo mão das liberdades naturais em prol da civil, renunciando o seu direito de julgar e transferindo o mesmo ao Estado, dotado de consciência pública. Entendendo ainda que o homem age no intuito de satisfazer seus desejos e por isso com interesses próprios. Concepções essas das quais Rawls discordava já que o interesse individual trazia a concepção de Estado não unitário, carente de um fim público, requisitos necessários ao alcance de uma sociedade justa. Partindo das concepções trazidas por Rawls o que se evidencia é toda sua energia concentrada em algo que acreditava ser a única forma de sociedade justa e longe das diferenças sociais que assolam a todos. A sua concepção de imaginarmos estar em posição original, esquecendo os títulos e nos abstendo de todos os preconceitos é a ideia mais razoável de se alcançar o bem comum, já que nessa situação não estaríamos vinculados a qualquer traço cultural, racial, econômico, intelectual, ou seja, estaríamos livres de qualquer pré-conceito, e de fato em posição de escolher com clareza e justiça as bases que serviriam de direção a todos. Apesar de a primeira vista sua teoria parecer um tanto romanceada, em realidade é de suma importância, pois a imparcialidade tão pregada por Rawls, cujos interesses de todos devem estar voltados para todos, só é possível sob o véu da ignorância. Prova disso é a atual conjuntura na qual nos encontramos, em uma sociedade egoísta e com líderes interessados apenas em satisfazer seus próprios interesses, retrato do caos hoje presenciado em todo o mundo. Contudo, apesar de acreditar que sob o véu de ignorância a justiça é mais latente, é válido trazer que a dificuldade encontrada quanto ao fato de alcançarmos esse ponto de imparcialidade traçada por Rawls é imensa, e por isso a crítica por mim aqui é feita. Como poderíamos, pessoas já donas de inúmeras convicções e rótulos filosóficos, religiosos, sociais, chegar ao patamar de nos abstermos completamente ou ainda que por algum tempo de nossas ideias para pode contribuir de forma neutra na formação de normas que norteariam os direitos de todos indivíduos? Por isso, apesar de acreditar que somente assim chegaríamos à concepção real de justiça, não vislumbro como poderíamos realizar tal proeza, já tão submersos em nossos vícios sociais e tão cheios de egos em decorrência de nossos talentos naturais. Assim, concordo com a teoria exposta por Rawls e acredito ser a mesma de grande relevância para traçar as diretrizes da atualidade no caminho da justiça, em uma época em que essa é a palavra que mais se ouve e pouco se ver concretizada. Contudo, sua teoria apenas balizaria nossos novos rumos, cabendo a nós agregar ao direito todos os valores filosóficos hoje tão discutidos e enaltecidos pela concepção pós-positivista, evitando julgamentos subjetivos e baseados em concepções discriminatórias, egoístas e autoritárias, tentando ao menos diminuir o abismo que existe entre nossa sociedade e a complexa e necessária teoria da justiça de Rawls. Notas e Referências: [1] SANDEL, Michael J. Justiça: O que é fazer a coisa certa. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 6ª. Edição, 2012, p. 233/234; [2] Ibidem, p. 234; [3] SILVEIRA, Pablo da, John Rawls y la Justicia Distributiva. Campos de Ideias. SL. Madrid, 2003, p. 23/24; [4] Ibidem. 178; [5] Ibidem, p. 27; [6] RAWLS, J. História da filosofia moral, Martins Fontes, São Paulo, 2005, p. 419; [7] Ibidem, p. 27/28; [8] Ibidem, p. 194; [9] FERREIRA, Eduardo Oliveira. Thomas Hobbes e o Leviatã. 2012. Em:< http://www.justocantins.com.br/artigos-9154-thomas-hobbes-e-o-leviata.html> Acessado em: 10/04/2017; [10] Ibidem; [11] Ibidem, p. 64; [12] Ibidem, seção 12. In: Ibidem, p. 191; [13] Ibidem, p. 192; [14] Ibidem. In: Ibidem, p. 192; [15] Ibidem, p. 192; [16] Ibidem, p. 196; [17] Ibidem, p. 196; [18] Ibidem, secão 18. In: Ibidem, p. 196; [19] Ibidem. In: Ibidem, p. 196/197. . Alessandra Wanderley é Advogada atuante na área do direito do trabalho, previdenciário e militar. Cursando Especialização em Advocacia Pública – UERJ/RJ e EAGU, Delegada da Comissão de Defesa Assistência e Prerrogativas – OAB/RJ, membro auxiliar nas Coordenações de Vara Cíveis e Atividades Estatais da Comissão de Defesa Assistência e Prerrogativas – OAB/RJ. Imagem Ilustrativa do Post: Judicial Scale Law and Order // Foto de: Allen Allen // Sem alterações Disponível em: https://www.flickr.com/photos/146141712@N06/33748206221 Licença de uso: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode O texto é de responsabilidade exclusiva do autor, não representando, necessariamente, a opinião ou posicionamento do Empório do Direito.  
          To live with style   

I was reading the Steve Jobs speech to Stanford graduates, thinking that surely those words will be very popular in the future. Every certain time an impressive speech or piece of writing appears amazing people and remaining as inspiration for years to come.

This happened with Churchill speechs, the Macarthur farewell, Luther King, Lincoln and many others in the past. Now Steve Jobs with simple and clear words talked to graduates about his own story, his shinning times and cloudly times.

As most of motivational adress Jobs told a lot of obvious things, so obvious that we rarely are aware of them: the importance to do which we like most, to be able to stand up after the fall, how important may sometimes become some insignificat things as calligraph, and the onminous reality of our death.

But besides to be a good piece of text, which I liked most of the speech was the fact that Jobs itself cannot be considered as a winner in the traditional sense. He does a lot of bad moves and mistakes, under his first ruling Apple was close to bankrupt and most of his long term strategy finally was far from good.

Compared with Gates, Steve Jobs achievements are not so impressing, however he has always exited the imagination of people and has harvested consistently a lot enthusiatic followers. Steve Jobs is a happy guy with a great ability to transmit enthusiasm. He is a real champion despite the fact that Bill Gates has defeated him, same as Muhammad Ali was still the champion after Foreman made it bit the dust after broking his jaw.

So ¿what is my moral?, I think that the achievemnts are not the esential, any asshole with a little luck -or some skill- may obtain a big achievement, but to live with style and be consistent with your own beliefs is a very different matter. Not any asshole can do that, no way.
          Don't sleepwalk through life: Warren Buffett   
Warren Buffett, Berkshire Hathaway CEO, weighs in on autonomous cars and its likely impact on insurance premiums and car dealerships. And Buffett wonders if Donald Trump is happy in his job if he's out campaigning for another one. Try to find you passion, advises Buffett. Also Buffett and Bill Gates share the same trait - focus.
          Future Tense Podcast for February 16, 2005   
Chairman Bill Gates says Microsoft will provide its new spyware-scrubbing tool for free -- and release a new, more secure version of the Internet Explorer Web browser. Expect both this summer.
          Almuerzo en el rascacielos   



El fotógrafo Charles Ebbets hizo esta fotografía en la construcción del rascacielos Rockefeller Center de New York. En ella se puede ver a 11 intrépidos obreros sentados en una viga de acero a una altura de unos 800 pies sobre tierra a la hora del almuerzo.
Dos parece que se dan fuego con el cigarrillo, otros se intercambian parte del almuerzo, otros parece que están leyendo alguna misiva.
Hoy en día esta imagen sería inadmisible, pero entonces supuso el inicio de la lucha contra la precariedad laboral en la década de los 30.

En la actualidad esta imagen esta en propiedad de Bill Gates.
          Lrdv Tech #2 - Broadcast ta location !   
Au programme:
Le Kindle 2 au secours du livre (et de la presse).
Les 7 entrées des magasins Microsoft.
Bill Gates et les moustiques (chez Ted).
Les brevets du multitouch.
Chez Google on ne dort jamais,
L'ordinateur indien à 10$,
"Répondre à tous" jugé coupable,
Twitter, twitter, et encore twitter!
          Steve Jobs Funniest Joke. Even Bill Gates Laughs!   
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          SMB Nation Beer Summit   
  We’re Back – Annual Beer Summit! July 9th  Washington DC LET'S MEET ONE ON ONE Bill Gates won’t be there. Elon Musk won’t be there. And Travis Kalanick certainly won’t be there (he’s on leave of absence). But YOU can be there! Yes – it’s the traditional kickoff SMB Nation Beer Summit on the front-end of the Microsoft [...]
          Rat Shit in the glue on Envelopes was the Best   

Dear Friends

Just to start off the New Year I wanted to thank you for the e-mails you have forwarded over the last year.

I must send a big thank you to whoever sent me the one about rat shit in the glue on envelopes, because I now have to use a wet sponge with every envelope that needs sealing.

Also, I now have to wipe the top of every can I open for the same reason.

I no longer have any savings because I gave it all to a sick girl who is about to die in the hospital for the 1,387,258th time. 

But that will change once I receive the  $15,000 that Bill Gates/Microsoft are sending me for participating in their special email programs. Or from the senior bank clerk in Nigeria who wants to split seven million dollars with me for pretending to be a long lost relative of a customer who died intestate.

I no longer worry about my soul because I have 363,214 angels looking out for me.

I have learned that my prayers only get answered if I forward emails to seven friends and make a wish within five minutes. 


I no longer drink Coca-Cola because it can remove toilet stains.

I no longer can buy petrol without taking a friend along to watch the car so a serial killer won't crawl in my back seat when I'm filling up. I no longer go to shopping centres because someone will drug me with a perfume sample and rob me.

I no longer answer the phone because someone will ask me to dial a number and then I'll get a phone bill with calls to Jamaica , Uganda , Singapore and Uzbekistan . 

I can't use anyone's toilet but mine because a big brown African spider is lurking under the seat to cause me instant death when it bites my bum.

I can't even pick up the $5.00 I found dropped in the car park because it probably was placed there by a sex molester waiting underneath my car to grab my leg.

If you don't send this blog to at least 144,000 people in the next 70 minutes, a large dove with diarrhea will shit on your head at 5:00pm this afternoon and fleas from 12 camels will infest your back, causing you to grow a hairy hump. I know this because it actually happened to a friend of my next door neighbour's ex-mother-in-law's second husband's cousin's beautician.

By the way....a South American scientist after a lengthy study has discovered that people with low IQ who don't have enough sex, always read their emails and my blogs while holding their mouse.

Don't bother taking your hand off the mouse now, it's too late……………………………..LOL

Happy New Year to all XOXO

          A Difference in Philosphy   
A few days ago, several of us got together for wine and cheese tasting and we decided to hang out afterwards.  There was a teacher, a surgeon, a pediatrician, and an MD/PhD in training.  Much of the evening was wrapped in very heated debate, from gun control, to "Obamacare," and to education.

At the heart of the debate is a difference in philosophy, not dissimilar to democrats vs republicans.  It is no secret that education in the US is in need of an update.  The question is, how to best remake the education system in the US?

On one side is the surgeon, utilizing a surgeon's thinking.  The argument: We should focus our resources on those who can best utilize them and elevate those students to their maximum potential, and not "waste" resources on the students at the bottom who cannot demonstrate improvement.  Society should strive to equip the best and brightest with the means to achieve what they're meant to.  This makes sense in a surgeon's mind, as a surgeon must be able to triage which patients are suitable for surgery and which aren't.

On the other side is the teacher and (peripherally) the pediatrician.  The argument: We provide all students the necessary resources to succeed - for the bottom of the class to reach the middle, and for the best and brightest to soar.  Every child in society deserves a fair shot at an education, with resources devoted to the struggling as well as to the gifted.

The problem with the first argument is that it is in danger of creating a tiered caste society, only widening the achievement gap into a chasm.  The problem with the second argument is that there simply aren't enough resources or political will to make it a reality everywhere.

My personal issue with the first argument is that I believe that all children deserve a fair shot, not just some.  And yes, some children need more help and resources to achieve, but it is possible.  I have seen it.  I have worked with a charter school that - rather takes the best of the best students - takes the worst students in public schools and demonstrates that they can at least achieve to the middle.  These are students who dropped out of school due to LGBTQ bullying, teen pregnancy, domestic violence, mild mental health issues, etc.  Given the right learning environment, they are not hopeless.

On a more personal note, I have a good friend growing up who went to the same schools as me for most of our K-12 lives.  I was almost always in the honors/AP courses.  He was barely scraping by in the regular courses.  His educational experience was vastly different than mine.  My teachers expected us to push hard and succeed.  His teachers treated him as though he could not achieve and would never amount to anything much more, that learning wasn't as important for him.  This negatively impacted him until he had a moment where he was determined to change his fate.  He transitioned from a 2-year college to a 4-year state university, and from there got a good stable job helping others in bad social situations.  He was able to succeed.  Is he the next Steve Jobs or Bill Gates?  No.  But neither am I.

The reality of the current status in education is neither - currently the system is more and more being set up to "teach to the test," thereby aiming to bring the bottom up but also inadvertently bringing the top down, both meeting in the middle.  Critical courses such as creative expression (art, music, theater, etc) and physical activity (gym, recess) are being cut out in order to cram more math and science to satisfy the tests (and I'd argue that science isn't even being taught properly on the whole).  Current education is trending towards mediocrity as more tests are implemented to demonstrate achievement and teachers are being paid for performance (an oversimplification and generalization, but I'm not in education so this is just what I hear).

I don't know the answer to "fixing" the system, just as I don't know the answer to fixing healthcare.  Obamacare is one answer, but I'm not convinced it's the best or final answer.  The alternatives aren't much better though.  What I do know is that the answer depends on the philosophy we choose to take, both on a personal level and as a society.  Are only some worthy of the resources?  Do everyone get the exact same resources?  Or is the answer more nuanced?  I don't know but I do know that the answer is a difference in philosophy.

          Impariamo a Diventare Ricchi   

Diventare ricchi è un sogno per molti, ma non tutti aspirano a possedere l'impero di Bill Gates o i miliardi di Donald Trump. I più desiderano semplicemente non avere problemi economici e sono alla ricerca di "qualcosa" in grado di offrire loro una certa libertà finanziaria.

Siete tra coloro che non hanno aspirazioni esagerate, che desiderano solo uno o due milioni? Non siete nati con la camicia e non avete grosse quantità di denaro a disposizione? In che modo potreste passare dal punto in cui vi trovate a quello a cui mirate senza ammazzarvi di lavoro o scendere a compromessi? La risposta ve la può dare chi ce l'ha fatta.

Interessanti contributi di chi ha iniziato da zero e ora è multimilionario costituiscono parte del materiale eccezionale contenuto in questo manuale straordinario, scritto da qualcuno che ha imparato dai nababbi e che ha aiutato molte persone a produrre più ricchezza. Un testo prezioso che vi insegnerà i principi fondamentali adottatti con successo da molte persone comuni:

  • che cosa serve per diventare multimilionari
  • come sbloccare il proprio potenziale di successo
  • che cosa occorre per cambiare modo di pensare
  • come diventare più ricchi, nel senso più ampio
  • come cambiare mentalità
  • come stabilire i propri obiettivi
  • come creare maggior valore

 


          Il Vero Warren Buffett   

Il 5 marzo 2008 Warren Buffett - proprietario della Berkshire Hathaway, una delle più grandi holding del mondo - è tornato a essere l'uomo più ricco del pianeta, dopo tredici anni di incontrastato dominio di Bill Gates.

La sua fortuna, stimata in 62 miliardi di dollari, si fonda da quasi mezzo secolo sulla stessa strategia di investimento: il momento di comprare arriva quando la Borsa scende e riguarda solo titoli di aziende solide, gestite da manager capaci, che svolgono attività semplici e producono beni di largo consumo, con prospettive di crescita nel lungo periodo.

È una filosofia controcorrente nel mondo degli affari, oggi più che mai instabile e rischioso. La forza di Buffett, spiega O'Loughlin, risiede innanzitutto nella sua capacità di leadership e nella sua abilità nello stimolare e motivare i manager e i collaboratori delle sue aziende a pensare e agire "come se fossero i proprietari".

Il suo, poi, è un metodo che combina intelligenza, intuizione, competenza (Buffett non opererebbe mai in un settore che non gli fosse perfettamente noto) e buon senso ed è ricco di lezioni utili non solo per chi lavora in importanti società. Al contrario, chiunque voglia investire in modo saggio i propri soldi, troverà in queste pagine riflessioni preziose ed esempi eloquenti tratti dall'esperienza di uno dei più geniali uomini d'affari di tutti i tempi.

La strategia di Warren Buffett

Probabilmente il "guru" finanziario americano più conosciuto oggi è Warren Buffet. Attraverso la sua società di holding, la Berkshire Hathaway, Buffett ha costruito un archivio impressionante che tiene traccia degli investimenti e una fortuna personale di 60.000 miliardi che lo pone tra gli uomini più ricchi d'America nella classifica di Forbes.

Buffett è spesso associato a Benjamin Graham, con il quale ha studiato, lavorato e ha avuto un'amicizia durata una vita. Tuttavia la sua esperienza negli investimenti l'ha portato ad adottare anche le strategie di altri pionieri dell'investimento come per esempio la "growth strategy" di Philip Fisher che focalizza la sua attenzione sull'importanza delle potenzialità di crescita e di gestione di un'azienda.

Buffett non ha mai scritto un libro sul suo suo approccio all'investimento, sebbene questo possa essere carpito dai suoi scritti e dai rapporti annuali della Berkshire Hathaway. I suoi sostenitori tuttavia hanno cercato di mettere insieme con chiarezza le regole per uno stile d'investimento alla Warren Buffett e si contano ormai a decine le pubblicazioni che lo riguardano.

Nel 1997 è stato pubblicato un libro che racconta la sua strategia in modo interessante e metodico: Buffettology: the previous unexplained Techniques that have made Warren Buffett the World's most famous investor, scritto da Mary Buffett, un'ex cognata, e David Clark, un amico di famiglia e manager di portafoglio. L'articolo fa riferimento a quel libro.

  • Investire in un'azienda: la filosofia

Warren Buffett è fermamente convinto che un investimento riuscito nelle azioni sia semplicemente collegato al successo del core business dell'azienda; il suo valore, per il possessore, viene prima di tutto dalla capacità della società di generare utili a un tasso sempre crescente ogni anno. Buffett, in realtà, considera le azioni come obbligazioni a utile variabile e i loro dividendi equivalgono agli utili della società.

Se l'azienda è buona gli utili saranno più prevedibili e cresceranno in modo consistente. Questo, a sua volta, conferisce più valore all'azione rispetto a un titolo di stato che è notoriamente privo di rischi e ha un rendimento fisso. Buffett basa il prezzo di acquisto di un'azione su considerazioni che non sono così critiche come quelle di Benjamin Graham. Graham proponeva di comprare le azioni sotto il loro "valore intrinseco"; questo fornirebbe agli investitori un margine di protezione che potrebbe aiutarli ad assorbire eventuali perdite date dalla reazione del mercato al ribasso.

Buffett al contrario considera il core business dell'azienda come il "margine di protezione" dell'investitore. Se un'azienda è mediocre l'azione avrà una performance limitata perché qualsiasi guadagno verrà eroso dalla differenza tra il prezzo di acquisto e il valore intrinseco della società, partendo dal presupposto che i prezzo delle azioni potrebbe eventualmente raggiungere quel livello, cosa che, Buffett sottolinea, non sempre accade. Di conseguenza l'obiettivo deve essere quello di comprare azioni proficue a un prezzo ragionevole, quelle cioè con un valore intrinseco in crescita. Ma qual è il prezzo giusto? Buffett prima di tutto paragona il prezzo dell'azienda a quello che può essere facilmente guadagnato nel settore nel quale quell'azienda opera e sulla base della qualità della gestione dell'azienda stessa. E ne acquista le azioni solo se ritiene di poter ottenere un indice di rendimento annuale del 15% per almeno cinque o dieci anni.

Tuttavia il suo obiettivo non è quello di vendere; fino a quando un'azienda continua ad avere una crescita degli utili superiore rispetto ad investimenti alternativi ha senso mantenerla in portafoglio il più a lungo possibile, godendo dei frutti del valore composto intrinseco.

  • Criteri di scelta dell'azione

Buffett sta molto attento all'azienda nella quale vuole investire. Cerca società che siano in continua crescita; e che siano in settori abbastanza facili da comprendere.

Le aziende possono essere divise in due tipologie:

"Commodity-based firms" [aziende di prodotti massificati]. Sono aziende che vendono prodotti in mercati altamente competitivi nei quali il prezzo ha un ruolo chiave nelle decisioni di acquisto dei consumatori. Esempi di questa tipologia sono i produttori di tessuti, di materie prime per l'alimentazione come per esempio il grano e il riso, società petrolifere e del gas, l'industria del legno e anche l'industria automobilistica.

"Consumer monopoly" I monopoli che vendono prodotti per i quali non c'è una vera concorrenza, perché si tratta di un marchio registrato o di una marca o di caratteristiche simili non concrete, ma che rendono il prodotto unico. Esempi sono società di marca come la Coca-Coca, agenzie di media e comunicazione, e certe società che offrono servizi finanziari. Buffett non acquista le azioni di aziende commodidy-based. Queste società sono molto competitive e dominate dall'idea della produzione al minor costo possibile. Per competere in modo efficace le società devono spendere molto nel miglioramento della produzione, avendo così meno risorse a disposizione per lo sviluppo di nuovi prodotti e di nuovi progetti. Inoltre queste aziende devono avere un management ad alto livello per sopravvivere, ma i profitti rimangono bassi a causa della concorrenza sui prezzi.

Come si riconosce una società commodity-based? Buffett analizza queste caratteristiche:

  • l'azienda ha bassi margini di utili (ricavi netti divisi per i ricavi);
  • l'azienda ha un basso rendimento del capitale netto (ricavi netti divisi per capitale netto);
  • C'è poca fidelizzazione della marca;
  • Il settore ha molti produttori
  • Il settore tende ad avere una capacità di produzione eccessiva;
  • I profitti tendono ad essere irregolari; e
  • I profitti della società dipendono dalla capacità gestionale nell'usare in modo efficiente le attività tangibili

Buffett è interessato ad aziende che hanno un monopolio sui consumatori; sono società che sono riuscite a creare un prodotto o un servizio che è in qualche modo unico e difficile da copiare dalla concorrenza, sia perché c'è un'alta fidelizzazione del marchio, sia perché c'è una particolare nicchia di mercato nella quale solo un numero limitato di società riesce ad entrare (un monopolio non regolato ma legale come per esempio dovuto a un brevetto).

Le eccezioni alle regole del monopolio sono le aziende municipalizzate che hanno sì un monopolio legale ma che sono altamente regolate. I monopoli possono anche adeguare i prezzi all'inflazione molto velocemente dato che c'è una competizione talmente ridotta che è impossibile tenere i prezzi sotto controllo.

Dal punto di vista di Buffett il vero valore dei monopoli è nelle loro caratteristiche non tangibili - per esempio la fiducia nella marca, le licenze e i brevetti. Non si devono preoccupare di fare grandi investimenti in terreni, impianti e strumentazioni, e di solito i prodotti sono di bassa tecnologia. Il risultato di questi fattori è che tendono ad avere alti flussi di capitale e bassi debiti. Nel determinare se una società è un monopolio, Buffett si pone la domanda: Se io avessi accesso a miliardi di dollari e i 50 Ceo migliori del paese, potrei fare concorrenza a questa azienda?

Se la risposta è no, la società è probabilmente protetta dalla competizione da una sorta di monopolio. I monopoli possono essere aziende che vendono prodotti e servizi: Aziende che producono prodotti che si consumano o che finiscono in fretta e hanno una marca forte che deve essere usata per attirare i consumatori. Il miglior esempio è la Coca-Cola, una delle holding preferite da Buffett per più di vent'anni. Il prodotto è qualcosa che i grandi magazzini, i ristoranti e altri dettaglianti devono semplicemente mettere a disposizione. Inoltre la fedeltà al marchio esiste in tutto il mondo, non solo negli Stati Uniti. Altri esempi includono quotidiani di punta, aziende farmaceutiche con brevetti e medicine con un marchio conosciuto, e ristoranti con marchio internazionale come McDonald's.

 


          Vincere!   

Uno sguardo schietto ed esauriente su come avere successo nel business.

Bill Gates

Welch, il manager che ha portato la General Electric ai vertici dell’industria mondiale, propone un libro filosofico e pragmatico al tempo stesso. Con uno stile di scrittura diretto e trasparente, che ne rispecchia il tipo di management, Welch si rivolge a tutti: imprese, lavoratori di ogni livello, neolaureati in cerca del primo impiego.

Consigli pratici, aneddoti personali ed esempi tratti dalle proprie esperienze, per affrontare tutte le tematiche cruciali del business: l’importanza dei valori, la gestione della leadership, la scelta dei collaboratori, la pianificazione della propria carriera e il delicato equilibrio tra lavoro e vita privata.

Un best seller mondiale che ha cambiato la concezione stessa di lavoro, dimostrando ancora una volta che Jack Welch sa come vincere.

Welch sa come vincere. Nel corso della sua quarantennale carriera in General Electric ha condotto anno dopo anno l’azienda al successo in tutto il mondo, in una pluralità di mercati, pur dovendosi confrontare con una concorrenza spietata.

Il suo stile di management diretto e trasparente, fondato sulla ferma volontà di essere i migliori, è diventato paradigma di eccellenza nel business, grazie alla focalizzazione sulle persone, sul teamwork e sui profitti.

Dopo il pensionamento da presidente e CEO della GE, avvenuto nel 2001, Welch ha viaggiato in tutto il mondo, ha tenuto conferenze davanti a più di 250.000 persone, ha risposto alle loro domande su dozzine di argomenti.

Ispirato dai suoi ascoltatori e dalla loro sete di consigli pratici, Welch ha scritto un libro filosofico e pragmatico al tempo stesso, destinato a diventare la bibbia del business per le prossime generazioni, capace di fornire risposte chiare alle questioni più difficili che le persone devono affrontare dentro e fuori il lavoro.

Welch si rivolge a tutti, a ogni livello organizzativo, in ogni impresa, grande o piccola. Nel suo pubblico rientrano tutti, dagli operai di linea agli MBA, dai project manager ai senior executive.

Il suo obiettivo è aiutare tutti coloro che nutrono una vera passione per il successo.

Il libro inizia con una parte introduttiva intitolata “Alla base di tutto”, in cui Welch descrive la sua filosofia di business.

Spiega l’importanza dei valori, della trasparenza, della differenziazione e della libertà di espressione per tutti.

Il nucleo centrale di Vincere! è dedicato alla vera “essenza” del lavoro e si divide in tre sezioni. La prima guarda all’interno dell’azienda, dalla leadership alla selezione dei vincitori, all’attuazione del cambiamento. La seconda si volge all’esterno, alla concorrenza, con alcuni capitoli, tra gli altri, dedicati alla strategia, alle fusioni e al metodo Six Sigma. La terza ha per oggetto la gestione della carriera, dalla ricerca del lavoro giusto, alla realizzazione di un equilibrio soddisfacente tra vita lavorativa e vita personale.

La mentalità ottimistica, trasparente e pratica di Welch è affascinante. Ricco di aneddoti personali e scritto con il caratteristico stile diretto di Jack, Vincere! offre intuizioni profonde, riflessioni originali e soluzioni ai problemi operativi, destinate a cambiare la concezione stessa del lavoro.


          Bill Gates Has Been Chatting On The Phone With The Crown Prince Of Abu Dhabi   

HH Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nayhan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi has received a phone call from Bill Gates on Wednesday.Gates shares close ties with the UAE, after HH Sheikh Mohamed donated a whopping US$ 30 million to Gates' foundation to help eradicate polio. Gates wished HH Sheikh Mohamed a happy Eid al Fitr, and the two discussed further humanitarian work together, and the importance of charitable organisations in humanitarian work. 


          Trách nhiệm công dân   
Ôkuma Shigenobu (1838-1922), người sáng lập đại học Waseda

(Caphethubay.net) - Ngạn ngữ có câu : Ở đâu không có tầm nhìn, con người sẽ tàn lụi. Sử gia người Pháp Toqueville từng bày tỏ : Tôi không sợ nói rằng, trong tất cả các loại triết học, thì triết học đạo đức là cái thích hợp nhất cho nhu cầu của con người thời đại chúng ta.



Trách nhiệm là cái gì cao cả: trách nhiệm đối với bản thân, gia đình, cộng đồng và xã hội, và trong thế kỷ 21, trách nhiệm đối với hòa bình thế giới, và bảo vệ hành tinh xanh khỏi bị sụp đổ. Trách nhiệm là thể hiện lòng trắc ẩn (compassion): các thùng nước uống miễn phí đặt bên vệ đường, các quán cơm 2.000 đồng, thư viện cho những vùng khó khăn, mái trường cũng như ký túc xá cho các em học sinh vùng sâu, vùng xa; hay một chỗ dạy sinh viên miễn phí về công nghệ cao ở Cần Thơ. Hay đề án hai triệu quyển sách của ông chủ Trung Nguyên, Đặng Lê Nguyên Vũ, để thổi luồng gió yêu nước, khởi nghiệp kinh doanh sáng tạo. Hay hành động xây Ký túc xá 40 tỷ của doanh nhân Phạm Văn Bên. Hay việc xây dựng Trung tâm hội thảo quốc tế khoa học ICISE của vợ chồng GS Trần Thanh Vân, và bà Lê Kim Ngọc.

Trách nhiệm cao cả nhất của một công dân là trách nhiệm đối với quốc gia. J. F. Kennedy trong lễ nhậm chức ngày 20, tháng giêng, 1961, đã để lại một câu nói đáng nhớ mãi cho đời sau: Đừng hỏi đất nước làm gì cho bạn, mà nên hỏi bạn có thể làm gì cho đất nước.

Để thấy trách nhiệm cá nhân, chúng ta cần biết đất nước đang đứng ở đâu. Đất nước chúng ta đang bị lạc hậu. Lạc hậu từ tiếng súng của Pháp tại Đà Nẵng giữa thế kỷ 19. Chúng ta vẫn lạc hậu 60 năm sau khi Phan Châu Trinh viết các bài chính luận vào đầu thế kỷ 20. Chúng ta lạc hậu thế kỷ 20. Và đầu thế kỷ 21 chúng ta vẫn lạc hậu mà chưa thấy lối ra. Kinh tế chúng ta là kinh tế tạm bợ, chắp vá, gia công, lấp ráp. Sức mạnh dân tộc 90 triệu chưa bật lên như 35 triệu dân tộc Nhật 150 trước, hay 35 triệu dân tộc Hàn năm 1975. Chúng ta đông nhưng không mạnh. Người Nhật, người Hàn không bao giờ hài lòng với kinh tế làm thuê. Chúng ta chưa có cơ sở hạ từng tri thức để phát triển tài năng ngay tại chỗ. Chúng ta đang chảy máu chất xám.

Thanh niên Nhật thời Minh Trị đi học không phải để đi làm quan, hay công chức, hay chỉ học cho cá nhân. Mà họ học vì tham vọng muốn đưa đất nước ngang lên bằng với các cường quốc. Họ học để sáng tạo, vực dậy đất nước đang cũ kỹ, để tự hào trở thành một công dân toàn cầu không thua kém ai. Đó là trách nhiệm tự thân của họ.

Người Nhật tự hào mình là dân tộc đạo đức, đạo đức hơn cả phương Tây! Khẩu hiệu khai sáng của họ thời Minh Trị là “Công nghệ phương Tây, Đạo đức phương Đông”. Đạo đức là cái gốc của con người. Có đạo đức mới xây dựng được đất nước. Cụ Phan Châu Trinh từng nhận xét: Chúng ta mất nước cũng vì chúng ta mất đạo đức. Đạo đức bao gồm trách nhiệm cao nhất đối với xã hội.

Ôkuma Shigenobu, người sáng lập Đại học Waseda năm 1882, để lại một thông điệp có tầm nhìn cho thanh niên Nhật Bản: Hãy là “công dân mẫu”, để trở thành “công dân thế giới”, tức “công dân toàn cầu”, như là một trách nhiệm cao cả:

Nhật Bản hôm nay đứng giữa hai nền văn hoá Đông và Tây. Lý tưởng lớn của chúng ta nằm ở chỗ tạo dựng sự hài hoà của hai nền văn hoá này, và ở sự nâng cao nền văn minh phương Đông lên tầm cao của nền văn hoá phương Tây để cho hai nền văn hoá cùng tồn tại trong sự hài hoà…Để đạt được điều đó, chúng ta trước nhất phải biến độc lập của sự học [Humboldt] và sự áp dụng của nó thành mục tiêu chính yếu của chúng ta; chúng ta phải nổ lực theo đuổi nghiên cứu độc đáo và sau đó áp dụng kết quả của các nghiên cứu đó một cách thực tiễn. Những ai dấn thân vào một sự nghiệp như thế phải tôn trọng chính cá nhân của mình, nổ lực mưu tìm phúc lợi của gia đình họ, lao động cho lợi ích của nhà nước và xã hội họ, và tham gia vào những vấn đề thế giới. Đấy chính là người công dân mẫu…

Để có thể trở thành công dân mẫu, tri thức thôi không đủ; sự xây dựng một nhân cách đạo đức là cần thiết… Do đó, nguyên lý cơ bản của giáo dục phải là sự rèn luyện tính cách. Người ta trở thành ích kỷ nếu chỉ nổ lực thu thập tri thức chuyên môn và quên đi những điều tôi nói ở trên. Hơn nữa, tinh thần tự hy sinh của con người cho quốc gia họ và cho thế giới sẽ từ từ suy sụp đi…

Ôkuma Shigenobu (1838-1922), người sáng lập đại học Waseda,

Khoa học ứng dụng chính là điều nhà khai sáng Yukichi Fukuzawa từng kêu gọi trong tác phẩm nổi tiếng Khuyến Học: Hãy chuyển sang Thực học, xa rời loại học từ chương của Trung Hoa vô bổ (Kangaku). Ông kêu gọi thanh niên Nhật Bản:

“Đã quyết chí học hành thì phải học cho đến nơi đến chốn.

Còn nếu theo nghề nông thì quyết trở thành hào phú.

Nếu làm thương nghiệp thì phải quyết trở thành đại thương gia.

Sinh viên không được mãn nguyện vì sự ổn định cõn con của mình.”

Lý tưởng của họ rất lớn. Và họ nói là làm. Thực tế, khi Ōkuma gửi thông điệp trên, 1901, thì Nhật Bản đã xây dựng xong cơ sở hạ tầng tri thức, các thể chế đại học và nghiên cứu, điều quan trọng hơn, dâm bồi được văn hóa khoa học của phương Tây lên mãnh đất họ để tự đào tạo và nuôi dưỡng những hạt giống tại chỗ. Họ chỉ mất 30 năm để làm việc đó. Đó là trách nhiệm của nhà nước. Giải Nobel đầu tiên của Hideki Yukawa 1949 là trái ngọt tất yếu của mảnh đất văn hóa đó. Ông là nhà khoa học đầu tiên được đào tạo 100% trong nước. Tiếp theo, Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, người bạn đồng môn của ông, nhận giải Nobel thứ nhì năm 1965. Nhật Bản thực tế đã trở thành một trung tâm học thuật của thế giới, đi từ bắt chước đến sáng tạo, như những người cha lập quốc từng mơ ước. (1)

Nền học thuật của VN là tụt hậu. Những tài năng như Ngô Bảo Châu, Đàm Thanh Sơn chỉ có thể phát huy ở nước ngoài, và rồi chẳng thể về VN sống và làm việc được. Chúng ta mãi mãi là vùng trũng của tri thức hay sao?

Nước Mỹ đã chứng minh một điều: Họ rất cá nhân chủ nghĩa, rất tư bản chủ nghĩa, nhưng lại rất giàu lòng nhân ái. Lòng vị kỷ (self-love) được khai sáng sẽ trở thành vị tha (altruism). Hãy xem các nhà hoạt động nhân ái của họ như Andrew Carnegie, Leland Stanford, như Ezra Cornell, Henri Ford, John Rockefeller, rồi đến các nhà tỉ phú hôm nay: Bill Gates và vợ, Warren Buffett, Mark Zuckerberg và vợ, Chuck Feeney. Cuối thế kỷ 19, đầu 20, họ đã xây dựng các đại học vĩ đại, vì biết rằng họ đang hái những trái thấp, các thế hệ sau muốn hái được những trái cao thì phải cần đến các bậc thang cao của tri thức, và đó chính là các đại học mà họ đã đầu tư. Năm mươi năm sau, các đại học đó thăng hoa, và ngày nay thăng hoa chưa từng có, để phục vụ đắc lực nền kinh tế Mỹ. Đó là sự thể hiện trách nhiệm từ tầm nhìn cao của những nhà giàu Mỹ. (2)

Khi đề cập các cuộc Khai sáng trong lịch sử, người ta thường nhắc đến những tính chất như lý tính, dân quyền, tự do, bình đẳng, khoan dung, tiến bộ và khoa học, trong đó lý tính luôn luôn đứng đầu. Điều đó không sai. Nhưng người ta đã bỏ quên tính chất đức hạnh (virtue). Lý trí không chưa đủ, mà còn phải có lòng thương cảm, con người mới tồn tại được. Một cuộc Khai sáng đạo đức, Moral Enlightenment, vì thế là rất cần thiết: của những “đức hạnh xã hội” – như lòng trắc ẩn (compassion), nhân từ (benevolence), mối thương cảm (sympathy). Nước Anh thế kỷ 18 đã cung cấp cho nhân loại cuộc khai sáng như thế, được đại biểu bởi David Hume và Adam Smith. Smith nổi tiếng từ thời ông vừa là nhà kinh tế chính trị học, vừa là nhà triết học của đạo đức (moral philosopher). Tác phẩm Theory of Moral Sentiments (Lý thuyết của Những tình cảm đạo đức, 1759), ra đời trước tác phẩm The Wealth of Nations (Sự phồn vinh của các quốc gia, 1776) 17 năm, và được tái bản nhiều lần. “Lòng thương hại” (pity), “Lòng trắc ẩn” hay “Từ bi”, “Lòng nhân từ”, “Mối thương cảm”, là những từ mà Smith đã dùng trong quyển sách để chỉ ra các phẩm chất cơ bản của bản chất con người tạo thành các tình cảm đạo đức của chúng ta. “Chính sự cảm nhận nhiều hơn cho người khác, ít hơn đi cho chúng ta, hạn chế sự ích kỷ, và có nhiều tình cảm nhân từ, là những tính chất làm thành sự hoàn hảo của bản chất con người.” Theo Smith, khu vực công được ngự trị bởi nguyên lý của công lý (justice) có tầm quan trọng thứ yếu so với khu vực tư, nơi những tình cảm của lòng thương cảm và từ tâm là quan trọng hàng đầu.


Tượng Adam Smith trước nhà thờ Gille, Edinburgh

Thế kỷ 18 của Anh quốc còn là “Thời đại của lòng nhân từ” (Age of Benevolence), với vô số tổ chức từ thiện, nhân ái, “Sunday Schools” (dạy học những người nghèo), hay “Friendly Societies” (các tổ chức của công nhân tự bảo hiểm để tương trợ lẫn nhau). Nhưng rồi, thời đại này cũng dần dần yếu đi trước những biến cố lịch sử, người đời thích những giá trị cổ điển như chủ nghĩa anh hùng, lòng dũng cảm, và sự minh triết. Smith đã để ra năm cuối đời để bổ sung vào quyển sách Những tình cảm đạo đức của ông một chương mới có tiêu đề: “Về sự thoái hóa của những tình cảm đạo đức của chúng ta, điều đã bị gây ra bởi khuynh hướng ngưỡng mộ người giàu và kẻ lớn, và khinh miệt hay bỏ quên những người sống nghèo khổ và khó khăn.” Ông đã linh tính những diễn biến sắp tới.

May thay, di sản Khai sáng đạo đức của nước Anh đã được chuyển sang bên kia bờ Đại Tây Dương. Các nhà giàu Mỹ, hay người Mỹ nói chung, tiếp tục làm cuộc khai sáng đạo đức của nước Anh – bằng những hành động phi thường. Anh quốc của thế kỷ 18, và Hoa Kỳ của thế kỷ 20 và 21, là đất nước của những “Sự đam mê lòng trắc ẩn”, passion of compassion, như từ ngữ đáng ghi nhớ của bà Hannah Arendt. 


Ở đây, chúng ta không thể quên một nhà hoạt động nhân ái lớn của Mỹ đã tiếp sức cho Việt Nam. Đó là tỉ phú Chuck Feeney, người giàu lên từ chuỗi cửa hàng miễn thuế Duty Free Shop. Từ 1998 – 2006, ông đã giúp VN tổng cộng $220 triệu cho các đề án giáo dục, y tế, thư viện, từ Cần Thơ ra miền Trung lên đến Thái Nguyên. Nhưng điều ít ai biết là: Quỹ Atlantic Philanthropies của ông đã tài trợ phân nửa chi phí xây dựng cho Đại học RMIT Nam Sài gòn, 33,6 triệu USD, để đại học này hình thành từ mảnh đất hoang. Mục đích ông là muốn thấy một đại học hiện đại (state-of-art) để "làm kiểu mẫu" cho các đại học VN, như cựu thủ tướng Phan Văn Khải mong mỏi. Ông thể hiện tiêu chí của hoạt động nhân ái (philanthropy): "Cho ai con cá, nuôi người đó một ngày. Dạy ai câu cá, nuôi người đó cả đời." Một trái tim vàng được dành cho Việt Nam từ một người xa lạ. Chuck Feeney tâm sự: ông cảm thấy VN như ngọn đèn, và ông là con mối, mối cứ bay vào đèn. Ông là một con người hết sức đặc biệt, đã để lại tất cả tài sản của mình, cho người khác sống.

Thiết nghĩ, Việt Nam cần có một tổ chức để vinh danh những người tử tế, những tấm lòng vị tha, để phát huy tiếng gọi của trái tim. Đất nước chúng ta phải là đất nước của lòng vị tha, nhân ái. Ước gì Chuck Feeney có mặt tại đây với chúng ta! Ước gì cộng đồng VN có dịp tiếp xúc ông để được truyền cảm hứng, và để nói hai chữ: Cám ơn. (3)

Chúng ta rất cảm ơn anh Dương Thụ đã tổ chức buổi nói chuyện về trách nhiệm rất bổ ích hôm nay. Sẽ thiếu sót lớn, nếu không nhắc đến những hoạt động kiên trì của anh để kết nối về văn hóa, truyền cảm hứng, và thông tin, trong tinh thần cởi mở học hỏi lẫn nhau từ ngót một thập kỷ qua. Chúng ta có thể uống cà phê tại nhiều quán khác, nhưng chỉ ở đây chúng ta mới uống được những cốc cà phê nhân văn, và nhân ái. Anh thuộc loại người mà phương Tây gọi là social entrepreneur, có nghĩa là người góp phần “đổi mới sáng tạo văn hóa”, có lợi cho cộng đồng nhiều hơn lợi cho anh. Những người đã từng làm thay đổi văn hóa, nếp nghĩ của xã hội trong lịch sử như Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton hay Albert Einstein đều là những social entrepreneur tên tuổi.

Cà phê Thứ Bảy, xét về mặt mô hình, giống như một hạt giống của sân chơi TED của New York, nơi hội tụ mọi tài năng có sáng kiến hay, từ những người trẻ chưa nổi tiếng, đến cả những nhà khoa học giải Nobel, hay cả tổng thống. TED là sân chơi của “ý tưởng đáng tuyền đạt” trong những lãnh vực Technology, Entertainment và Design. Đây là một ý tưởng tuyệt vời, hội tụ của giới tinh hoa liên ngành. Bill Gates cho rằng chỉ số IQ tổng hợp của tập thể này là lớn khủng khiếp. TED thật ra là sự lập lại mô hình của thành phố Florence, Ý, nơi gia đình Medici, một gia đình giàu có trị vì, nhưng có tầm nhìn, mời tất cả tài năng nghệ thuật và khoa học của nước Ý đến để tạo ra hiệu ứng Phục Hưng. Người ta gọi đó là Hiệu ứng Medici. (4)

Chúng ta mong mỏi Cà phê thứ Bảy sẽ là nơi hội tụ ngày càng nhiều hơn nữa những tài năng Việt Nam để cho những ý tưởng hay lan tỏa, vì lợi ích của cộng đồng. Xin nhiệt liệt hoan nghênh và cám ơn anh Dương Thụ.

NGUYỄN XUÂN XANH

6/2017

[1] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Lời dẫn nhập trong sách Yukawa, Tự truyện. NXB ĐHQG, sắp ra mắt 2017.

[2] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Thư gửi Quý nhà giàu Việt Nam. NXB Thành phố, 2016.

[3] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh: Chuck Feeney: “Chuyện bây giờ mới kể”. Trên mạng.

[4] Xem thêm: Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Giáo dục nào cho tương lai? Trên mạng

*Bài phát biểu tại buổi sinh hoạt của Cà phê Thứ Bảy sáng ngày 17/ 6/ 2017, để kỷ niệm 21 năm ngày thành lập Tập đoàn Trung Nguyên. 

Trong phần thảo luận, tác giả phát biểu thêm trước khi kết thúc:

Người ta phải là cái gì, để làm được một cái gì.

(Man muss etwas sein,  um etwas zu machen)

J. W. GOETHE

Nhật Bản Minh Trị thuê nhiều nhà giáo dục, trí thức, chuyên gia qua tham gia cuộc canh tân vĩ đại đang giục giã. Họ đã dành ra một quỹ rất lớn, chiếm 1/3 quỹ của giáo dục để trả lương cho chuyên gia. Nhiều chuyên gia đã được trả lương cao hơn lương của Thủ Tướng. Một trong những chuyên gia trong đó là giáo sư hóa, thực và động vật học, William S. Clark ở Amherst, Massachusetts, Hoa Kỳ, sang để xây dựng Đại học nông nghiệp, sau này là Đại học Hokkaido. Khi từ giả, ông có câu nói nổi tiếng với sinh viên và cả dân tộc Nhật: “Boys, be ambitious”, “Các bạn trẻ, hãy có tham vọng” (nhiều hoài bảo). Người Nhật thật sự có tham vọng đưa đất nước họ lên nhanh chóng nhất ngang bằng với phương Tây, không những về công nghiệp, kinh tế, khoa học, mà còn về văn hóa. Mỗi người cần “nhiều hoài bảo” hơn, đừng quá rục rè, tham vọng một cách chính đáng, để là chính mình, phát huy tất cả sức mạnh của mình, góp phần đóng góp cao nhất cho đất nước. 

Nhưng các bạn chỉ có thể thể hiện trách nhiệm ở mức độ cao nhất, khi bạn “là một cái gì”. Đại văn hào Đức J. W. Goethe đã có một câu nói đáng ghi vào tâm trí: “Người ta phải là cái gì, để làm được một cái gì”. Một câu nói hết sức đơn giản như vô cùng sâu sắc. Các bạn phải có tham vọng, nhiều hoài bảo, phải là “một cái gì”, để làm được một “cái gì” cho đất nước, và cho chính bản thân bạn. Muốn thế, các bạn phải học hỏi và trao dồi thật nhiều tri thức và đức hạnh. Tri thức sẽ là con tàu phá băng, đưa bạn đến những vùng thế giới mới còn dấu mặt. Bạn sẽ thấy nhiều ánh sáng hơn, cảm nhận được nhiều tự do hơn, sáng tạo và năng động hơn, đóng góp hiệu quả hơn, và bạn sẽ thấy hạnh phúc, cuộc đời có ý nghĩa hơn. Đó là con đường tốt nhất. Không có con đường nào ngắn hơn. Đó cũng là con đường giải phóng của mỗi cá nhân, để lột xác, để từ một “con vịt xấu xí” trở thành “thiên nga”.

Sách là một phương tiện tốt nhất để mở rộng tầm nhìn. Và đây chính là điểm son của nhà sáng lập Đặng Lê Nguyên Vũ của Tập đoàn Trung Nguyên, người đã nhận ra tầm quan trọng của sách, và đã thành lập đề án đưa hàng triệu quyển sách hay đến thanh niên để lập chí, khởi nghiệp. Khi Nhật Bản Minh Trị mở cữa, những món hàng nhập khẩu đầu tiên không phải là hàng tiêu dùng, hay công cụ sản xuất, mà là sách. Phải, người Nhật trước tiên muốn biết phương Tây đã làm được những gì, văn minh, văn hóa của họ hình dạng ra sao, những gì đã tạo nên sức mạnh thần kỳ của họ. (1) Họ muốn học hỏi toàn diện văn minh phương Tây (bummeikaika). Cty nhập khẩu sách đầu tiên đó là MARUZEN, hiện vẫn còn hoạt động. Ngoài việc nhập sách, dịch sách của giới tinh hoa, Nhật cũng cử đoàn Sứ mệnh Iwakura đi sang Hoa Kỳ, và các nước phát triển châu Âu như Anh, Pháp, Đức… gần hai năm trời để quan sát và tìm khai sáng cho Nhật Bản. Nói tóm lại: Họ chịu khó học, và học tới nơi tới chốn, đúng theo nghĩa của Fukuzawa.

Đầu thế kỷ 20, cũng chính công ty sách Maruzen, và một số cty tư nhân khác, thường xuyên nhập sách liên quan đến hai cuộc cách mạng khoa học đang diễn ra sôi nổi ở châu Âu: Thuyết lượng tử, và thuyết tương đối. Họ là những nhà sách khai sáng, luôn luôn bám sát những diễn tiến khoa học mới nhất của thế giới để cung cấp kịp thời cho giới khoa học trong nước. Họ muốn chạy đua với thế giới, chứ không chịu làm quốc gia hạng ba hay hạng hai.

Những quyển sách này mang luồng gió mới và gây cảm hứng cho sinh viên vật lý, trong đó có Yukawa, nhà vật lý giải Nobel đầu tiên nói trên. Nhờ những quyển sách đó mà ông đã định hướng cho mình. Yukawa, cũng như các sinh viên khác, đọc được cả tiếng Đức lẫn tiếng Anh. Họ học cả tiếng Pháp. Tiếng Đức bấy giờ là “ngôn ngữ mẹ đẻ” của vật lý. Lớp đầu tiên những giáo sư giảng dạy ở các đại học Nhật là người Anh, Pháp, Đức. Họ giảng dạy bằng ngôn ngữ của họ. Nhật phải học từ những ngôn ngữ ấy, và từ từ làm cuộc chuyển ngữ. Họ rất chịu khó học.

Albert Einstein được mời sang Nhật Bản diễn thuyết năm 1922 không phải từ các đại học hay cơ quan chính phủ, mà từ một nhà xuất bản tư nhân có tên Kaizosha. Trước khi Einstein đến, Kaizosha đã cho ra mắt một tuyển tập Einstein gồm 4 tập bằng tiếng Nhật, những thứ chưa có ở châu Âu (2)

Muốn cho con người thông minh, thì xã hội phải đặt nền tảng của văn hóa thông minh. Sự tiến lên của đất nước phải đồng bộ ở tất cả các bộ phân của cơ thể xã hội. Khi nền tảng văn hóa thông minh rồi, thì con người sẽ phát huy sự thông minh.

Vài lời chia sẻ thêm, và rất mong các bạn “phải là cái gì, để làm được một cái gì” cho đất nước.

NXX

(1) Xem thêm Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Tại sao người Nhật mê đọc sách? Trên mạng.

(2) Xem Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Nguyễn Xuân Xanh, Lời dẫn nhập trong sách Yukawa, Tự truyện. NXB ĐHQG HCM, sắp ra mắt 2017
Nguồn: Caphethubay

          Ngứa chân thì phải gãi… đầu   
HÌnh minh họa từ petrotimes.vn


Xuân Dương: "Chính sách khuyến khích doanh nghiệp đầu tư vào nông nghiệp, nông thôn sao không do ngành Nông nghiệp đề xuất, phải chăng Bộ Kế hoạch và Đầu tư am hiểu nông nghiệp hơn Bộ Nông nghiệp?


Nếu am hiểu đến mức có thể soạn thảo chính sách nông nghiệp thì vì sao Phó Thủ tướng Vương Đình Huệ lại đánh giá dự thảo: “có những điều cứ như đưa ra cho vui chứ không thực hiện được”?

Tương tự như vậy, chính sách “Giáo dục là quốc sách hàng đầu” nhưng đội ngũ giáo viên phổ thông lại không do ngành Giáo dục quản lý, có phải do khối Nội vụ, Tổ chức nắm chắc về giáo dục hơn Bộ Giáo dục?"



 




Ngày 17/5/2017, trong hội nghị đối thoại giữa Thủ tướng với doanh nghiệp, sau khi gặp gỡ, lắng nghe ý kiến cộng đồng doanh nghiệp, ý kiến các bộ, ngành, cơ quan quản lý nhà nước, Thủ tướng Chính phủ Nguyễn Xuân Phúc đã phát biểu:

So với hội nghị trước, tính gay gắt của hội nghị đã giảm đi rất nhiều… Trong 1 năm qua, Chính phủ và địa phương đã gãi đúng chỗ, chứ không phải ngứa trên đầu mà gãi dưới chân”. [1]

Một tháng sau, ngày 19/6/2017 tại trụ sở Chính phủ diễn ra tại Hội thảo lấy ý kiến cơ quan, doanh nghiệp về dự thảo Nghị định chính sách khuyến khích doanh nghiệp đầu tư vào nông nghiệp, nông thôn.


Bản dự thảo do Bộ Kế hoạch và Đầu tư soạn thảo và đang trong giai đoạn lấy ý kiến để hoàn thiện.

Đánh giá chất lượng bản dự thảo, Phó Thủ tướng Vương Đình Huệ cho rằng: “Có những quy định còn bất cập tạo ra cơ chế xin - cho, cơ chế xét duyệt và cấp phát, thậm chí tạo điều kiện lợi dụng chính sách.

Tôi cảm giác có những điều cứ như đưa ra cho vui chứ không thực hiện được”. [2]

Cũng tại Hội thảo, nhận xét về chủ trương mà Nghị định của Chính phủ hướng tới, ông Vương Đình Huệ cho rằng: “ngứa trên đầu mà lại gãi dưới chân thì không giải quyết được vấn đề gì”.

Phát biểu của hai vị lãnh đạo Chính phủ cho thấy trong khi doanh nghiệp, doanh nhân được tạo điều kiện thông thoáng hơn, được “gãi đúng chỗ” thì nông nghiệp và nông thôn hình như vẫn là mảnh đất hoang, ngứa đến mấy thì cũng chưa bao giờ được gãi đúng chỗ, thậm chí “ngứa” trên đầu nhưng lại được “gãi” tận dưới chân!

Nghịch lý nằm ở chỗ, nếu lấy dân làm gốc, vấn đề của nông dân và nông thôn phải được xem là gốc tức là “chân”, khi “ngứa” ở chân, đầu phải biết “gãi” ở chỗ nào.

Còn nếu “đầu” bị “ngứa” thì chẳng lẽ chân phải biết tự động “gãi” cho đầu?

Tạo điều kiện cho doanh nghiệp và doanh nhân làm ăn không hề sai bởi bất kỳ thời đại nào “phi thương” thì “bất phú”.

Vấn đề là khi được lắng nghe, khi được ưu đãi thì giới doanh nhân Việt Nam có thực sự trở thành động lực phát triển kinh tế đất nước?

Trong số 10 người giàu nhất thế giới có Bill Gates (Microsoft); Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook), Larry Ellison (Oracle), họ đều là đại diện cho những ngành công nghệ cao, đòi hỏi trí tuệ chứ không phải cơ bắp.


Việt Nam chưa có tỷ phú công nghiệp nặng, nông nghiệp hoặc lĩnh vực công nghệ cao được Forbes điểm danh, đặc biệt là lĩnh vực liên quan đến 60 triệu dân là nông nghiệp.

Do tâm lý "bóc ngắn cắn dài" khiến doanh nhân Việt ít hoạt động trong lĩnh vực trí tuệ, khoa học, công nghệ, nông nghiệp, các lĩnh vực đòi hỏi đầu tư dài hạn và cần chiến lược lâu dài hay do cơ chế, chính sách không khuyến khích, do đội ngũ cán bộ hoạch định chiến lược được lựa chọn theo con đường “ngũ ệ” (ngoại lệ, hậu duệ, quan hệ, tiền tệ, trí tuệ) chưa đưa ra được “món ngon” hấp dẫn nhà đầu tư?

Rõ ràng không thể trách doanh nhân bởi với họ lợi nhuận là yếu tố quyết định, nói như C. Mác “lợi nhuận lên đến 300% thì treo cổ người ta vẫn sẵn sàng làm”.

Vậy chỉ còn xem lại chủ trương, chính sách.

Từ tháng 9 năm 1960, ta đã có định hướng:

Ưu tiên phát triển công nghiệp nặng một cách hợp lý.

•Kết hợp chặt chẽ phát triển công nghiệp với phát triển nông nghiệp.

•Ra sức phát triển công nghiệp nhẹ song song với việc ưu tiên phát triển công nghiệp nặng…

•Ra sức phát triển công nghiệp trung ương, đồng thời đẩy mạnh phát triển công nghiệp địa phương. (Hình thành các trung tâm công nghiệp như Hải Phòng, Quảng Ninh, Việt Trì, Thái Nguyên, Nam Định…)

Hơn nửa thế kỷ sau Đại hội 3 của Đảng, nền công nghiệp và nông nghiệp chúng ta có gì?

Thành tựu đáng ghi nhận là ngành Điện đã đáp ứng nhu cầu cung cấp năng lượng cho sản xuất nhưng bao nhiêu phần trăm thiết bị cho nhà máy nhiệt điện, thủy điện được sản xuất trong nước?

Hệ thống giao thông đường bộ, hàng không được cải thiện rõ rệt nhưng bao nhiêu dự án BOT không có bóng dáng các “nhóm lợi ích”?


Công nghiệp ô tô sau bao nhiêu năm nội địa hóa được mấy phần trăm?...

Trong nông nghiệp, mơ màng trên đỉnh vinh quang là nước đứng đầu thế giới về xuất khẩu gạo, hồ tiêu, hạt điều,… kèm theo sự ngộ nhận về cơ chế thị trường sẽ tự điều chỉnh hướng sản xuất của nông dân khiến đất nước luôn trong tình trạng phải “giải cứu”, hết dưa hấu đến thanh long, chuối, thịt lợn và nghe nói sắp tới là gà công nghiệp.

Việc nông dân chặt cây nọ trồng cây kia, việc cá, tôm hùm, thủy sản… chết hàng loạt, phân bón giả khiến lúa không trổ đòng không hoàn toàn lỗi do nông dân mà có trách nhiệm của Nhà nước.

Báo Giaoduc.net.vn ngày 17/6/2017 đã có bài “Không thể để trên 60 triệu nông dân nghèo thêm chỉ vì dùng phân bón giả” có nên xem là lời kêu cứu hộ 60 triệu nông dân Việt?

Đội ngũ cán bộ chiến lược, những người được bồi dưỡng để trở thành chuyên gia hoạch định chính sách có thực là những người am hiểu lĩnh vực được phân công hay chủ yếu thuộc vào hàng “ngũ ệ”?

Câu chuyện “cấp phép hát quốc ca” hay việc ông Thứ trưởng Bộ Văn hóa, Thể thao và Du lịch phải xin lỗi công dân vì “ký nhầm” công văn chỉ là một trong nhiều ví dụ về năng lực của đội ngũ (mà số lượng không hề nhỏ) mang danh là “chuyên gia” thuộc tất cả các lĩnh vực.


Chính sách khuyến khích doanh nghiệp đầu tư vào nông nghiệp, nông thôn sao không do ngành Nông nghiệp đề xuất, phải chăng Bộ Kế hoạch và Đầu tư am hiểu nông nghiệp hơn Bộ Nông nghiệp?

Nếu am hiểu đến mức có thể soạn thảo chính sách nông nghiệp thì vì sao Phó Thủ tướng Vương Đình Huệ lại đánh giá dự thảo: “có những điều cứ như đưa ra cho vui chứ không thực hiện được”?

Tương tự như vậy, chính sách “Giáo dục là quốc sách hàng đầu” nhưng đội ngũ giáo viên phổ thông lại không do ngành Giáo dục quản lý, có phải do khối Nội vụ, Tổ chức nắm chắc về giáo dục hơn Bộ Giáo dục?


Câu nói của cổ nhân “sợ đứt tay nên không dùng dao sắc” chẳng bao giờ sai. Làm người đứng đầu mà tâm và tầm chưa tới thì chắc chắn cấp dưới không có người giỏi.

Chẳng ai “khôn” lại chọn người hơn mình làm nhân viên để họ vạch ra cái dốt của mình.

Cũng còn một lẽ khác, người thực sự có tài, có lòng tự trọng chẳng ai chịu khom lưng cho kẻ khác dẫm lên.

Dư luận từng biết câu châm ngôn hài hước về phòng chống tham nhũng: “gãi từ vai trở xuống”, ý là khu vực đầu không cần gãi hay không được phép gãi?